AIDS & HIV Sitemap - Page 2 2016-09-26

The Facts About HIV and Circumcision
Randomized controlled trials in Africa have shown that male circumcision can reduce the risk of HIV transmission in men by 51% to 60%.

HIV and Oral Hairy Leukoplakia (OHL)
Hairy leukoplakia is commonly seen oral lesion in people with HIV which manifests with characteristic white

Mycobacterium Avium Complex - Diagnosis and Treatment
Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) is a potentially life threatening illness frequently seen in untreated individuals with advanced HIV disease.

4 Most Common Fungal Infections in People With HV
Fungal infections are not uncommon among the general population but, in people with HIV, they occur more frequently and often more seriously.

Top 6 Signs You May Have HIV
While people newly infected with HIV often show few or no signs of illness, there are symptoms which often suggest that an infection has taken place.

Understanding the Immune Response and Immune System
In the presence of an infecting agent, the body's immune system will activate to protect itself. Learn how it works and how HIV eludes these defenses.

Diagnosis and Treatment of Chlamydia in HIV
Chlamydia is a common sexually transmitted disease seen in both men and women, which can potentially increase the risk of HIV transmission.

Diagnosis and Treatment of Trichomoniasis in HIV
Trichomoniasis is a common sexually transmitted disease that can cause genital inflammation and discomfort, and may double the risk of HIV .

HIV Around the World: South Africa
A deteriorating health infrastructure and a long history of AIDS denial have fueled an epidemic in South Africa that is today the largest in the world.

HIV/AIDS in South Africa
Despite an admirable turnaround in government policy, South Africa reported a startling upswing in new HIV infections between 2008 and 2012.

What Is the Risk of HIV From Anal Sex?
The risk of HIV through unprotected anal sex may be as much 18 times higher than vaginal sex. Learn why and ways to better protect yourself and others.

HIV Myths and Conspiracy Theories
Nearly 50% of 1,351 Americans surveyed suspect that HIV is an intentional act of conspiracy linked to the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency.

What Is AIDS Phobia and Do I Have It?
AIDS phobia is the irrational fear of being infected, despite evidence to the contrary, or the unreasonable fear that you may get infected with HIV.

Can I Get HIV from Oral Sex?
Generally speaking, oral sex (which include oral-penile, oral-vaginal and oral-anal sex) is not considered an efficient route of HIV transmission.

Top 10 Things Everyone Should Know About HIV
Educating yourself about HIV is the most important way to stay healthy and well whether you are HIV-positive or not. Here are 10 tips that can help.

How Does HIV Genetic Resistance Testing Work?
Genetic resistance testing helps facilitate HIV drug selection by identifying the types of resistant mutations in person's

HIV Drug Resistance and Genetic Resistance Testing
HIV drug resistance is defined as mutations to the genetic structure of HIV, which can makes certain viruses partially or fully resistance to HIV drugs.

What Are CD4 T-Cells and an HIV Infection?
CD4 T-cells are considered

List of Approved Antiretroviral Drugs - HIV/AIDS
Today, there are 27 individual antiretroviral agents and 10 fixed dosed combination (FDC) drugs comprised of two or more of different HIV drugs.

Who Should Get an HIV Test (and When)?
In April 2013, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommended that all persons between the ages of 15 and 65 be given a one-time HIV test.

Why Can't I Get My Viral Load Down?
While the failure to achieve an undetectable viral load is frustrating to people on HIV therapy, there are ways to identify (and overcome) the problem.

Why Can't I Get My CD4 Count Up?
The factors for immune recovery in people on HIV therapy is highly variable, often confounding those able to sustain undetectable viral loads.

Which HIV Tests Are the Most Accurate?
A 2013 study from the University of California revealed that the accuracy of HIV tests during acute infection ranged from as high as 87.3% to as low as 5.2%.

Treating HIV and Human Papillomavirus (HPV)
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is one of the most common STDs, the infection of which is associated with cervical and anal cancers in people with HIV.

Current Mortality Rates in People with HIV
Mortality rates in people with HIV are largely influenced by the timing of antiretroviral therapy, wherein delays can increase the risk of death by 66%.

What Do I Do If My HIV Test Is Positive?
A positive HIV diagnosis does not mean the end. It means change. And while scary, it can be change for the good. Learn why in this helpful step-by-step.

What French Teen's HIV Remission Really Tells Us
Reports of a French's teenager 12-year remission from HIV sparked speculations of a possible research breakthrough. What does the case actually tell us?





Types of Rash Asocciated with HIV Infection
Rash is common during the course of an HIV infection, with the causes, presentation and treatment as varied as the rashes themselves.

What Are HIV Genetic Resistance and Tropism Tests?
The selection of HIV drugs is largely determined by the types and severity of drug resistance a person may have, as well as the genetic makeup of the virus.

What Activities Are of High and Low Risk for HIV?
Whether an activity is considered

List of AIDS Defining Illnesses And Conditions
Read a list of AIDS defining illnesses, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and what this means for someone with HIV.

Understanding Absolute CD4 Count and CD4 Percentage
CD4 percentage and absolute CD4 counts are used by doctors to determine both the status of your immune system and the likely course of our disease.

The Facts About Rapid HIV Antibody Tests
Rapid HIV tests can produce results in as little as 20 minutes, reducing the anxieties that can often prevent people from returning for their results.

Men Who Have Sex With Men (MSM) - Definition
Men Who Have Sex With Men (MSM) is the term used to categorize males who engage in sexual activity with other males, regardless of how they identify themselves.

Tips on Living Well with HIV, Advice on Managing HIV
Read 8 top tips on living well with HIV like dealing with a new diagnosis, choosing the right doctor, and obtaining financial resources.

5 Reasons to Get HIV Tested - Diagnosing HIV
While there can be challenges to getting tested for HIV, advances in treatment and prevention have ensured the benefits far outweigh the consequences.

9. National Lottery Distribution Trust Fund - $13 million
In 2013, South Africa's National Lottery Distribution Trust Fund donated $13 million to national HIV/AIDS charities.

8. Aids Fonds/STOP AIDS NOW! - $14.4 million
In 2013, Amsterdam-based Aids Fonds/STOP AIDS NOW! donated $14.4 million to global HIV/AIDS charities.

10. Children’s Investment Fund Foundation - $12.8 million
In 2013, the London-based Children’s Investment Fund Foundation donated $12.8 million to global HIV/AIDS charities.

2. M.A.C AIDS Fund and M.A.C Cosmetics - $39 million
In 2013, the highly respected M.A.C AIDS Fund and M.A.C Cosmetics together donated $39 million to global HIV/AIDS charities.

1. Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation - $209 million
In 2013, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation remained the single largest private funder to HIV/AIDS charities globally, distributing $209 million.

3. Gilead Sciences - $26.8 million
In 2013, pharmaceutical giant Gilead Sciences donated $26.8 million to global HIV/AIDS charities.

4. The Wellcome Trust - $26 million
In 2013, the London-based Wellcome Trust donated $26 million to global HIV/AIDS chariites.

5. The Ford Foundation - $19.7 million
In 2013, The Ford Foundation, created by Henry and Edsell Ford in 1936, donated $19.7 million to global HIV/AIDS charities.

6. ViiV Healthcare - $18.2 million
In 2013, pharmaceutical giant ViiV Healthcare donated $18.2 million to global HIV/AIDS charities.

7. Elton John AIDS Foundation - $17.4 million
In 2013, the Elton John AIDS Foundation, headquartered in London and New York, donated $17.4 million to global HIV/AIDS charities.

Top 15 Private Donors to Global AIDS Relief
The top 15 private donors to global AIDS relief, according to Washington, DC-based Funders Concerned About AIDS, contributed over $450 million in 2013.

11. Conrad N. Hilton Foundation - $12.7 million
In 2013, Conrad N. Hilton Foundation, founded by the eponymous hotel tycoon, donated $12.7 million to global HIV/AIDS charities.

15. Abbvie Foundation and AbbVie - $9.2 million
In 2013, the pharmaceutical giant AbbVie and the AbbVie Foundation together donated $9.2 million to global HIV/AIDS charities.

13. Open Society Foundations - $10.6 million
In 2013, New York-based Open Society Foundations, founded by business icon George Soros, donated $10.6 million to global HIV/AIDS charities.

12. Sidaction - $11.4 million
In 2013, New York-based Open Society Foundations, founded by business icon George Soros, donated $10.6 million to global HIV/AIDS charities.

14. Broadway Cares/Equity Fights AIDS - $10.5 million
In 2013, New York-based Broadway Cares/Equity Fights AIDS donated $10.5 million to HIV/AIDS charities.

18 Simple Tips to Improve Your HIV Drug Adherence
Learn the tips to maintaining or improving optimal adherence to your HIV medications.

Top Adherence Tip: Use Visual Cues.
Visual cues can help improve ARV adherence, while reinforcing autonomy and control to the person living with HIV.

Top Adherence Tip: Keep a Set of Back-up Pills.
Store an extra dose of your HIV medication in your office desk or the glove compartment of your car. Always keep bottled water and snacks nearby.

Top Adherence Tip: Take Extra Medication With You When Traveling.
Even if you’re away for the weekend or just overnight, take an extra day’s worth of your HIV medication with you.

Top Adherence Tip: Reorder Your Pills at Least a Week in Advance.
Mark your prescription refill date in your calendar or on your automated Task Reminder. Some pharmacies offer free reminders by phone or text.

Top Adherence Tip: If You Miss a Dose, Don't Take Two to Catch Up.
If you miss a dose, don’t double up on your ARVs to “catch up.” Instead, make a note in your adherence diary and take your next dose as directed.

Top Adherence Tip: Be Honest With Your Doctor.
Maintaining an open, honest interaction with your HIV doctor is vital. Try not to “please” your doctor by providing the “right” answers.

Top Adherence Tip: Don't Isolate Yourself.
HIV stigma can sometimes prevent people from taking their ARVs for fear of exposure. Disclosure and support are two tools that can help you.

Top Adherence Tip: Get an Adherence Buddy.
An HIV adherence buddy can remind you to take your ARVs, take adherence notations and even sit with you on your first doctor visits.

Top Adherence Tip: Peg Your Pill-Taking to a Daily Routine.
When it comes to ARV adherence, try to peg your pill-taking to a daily routine you do automatically every day.

Top Adherence Tip: Set Daily Alarm Clock Reminders.
Electronic alarm clock reminders are always a good way of keeping on schedule with your HIV medication.

Top Adherence Tip: Never Stop Your ARVs. Never.
If you experience any drug side effects, do not stop your ARVs. Call your doctor immediately.

Top Adherence Tip: Get a Pill Box.
Pill boxes save time, they organize your pills brilliantly, and they allow you to see when you next need to refill your ARVs.

Top Adherence Tip: Keep an Adherence Diary.
An adherence diary allows you to take notes about any problems or missed doses you may have had, particularly during the first 16 weeks.

Top Adherence Tip: Use a Dedicated Water Glass.
Remembering whether or not you've taken your ARVs can be a problem. Having a dedicated water glass is an easy solution.

Top Adherence Tip: Seek Help if You're Depressed or Have a Substance Abuse Issue.
Maintaining HIV adherence when you are depressed or have a substance abuse issue can be difficult. If you have a problem, seek professional help.

Top Adherence Tip: Know the Names of Your ARVs.
Know the names of your pills, know their proper dosing, and know the difference between ARVs and the other pills you may be taking.

Top Adherence Tip: Keep to a Fixed Schedule
Particularly when starting off on HIV medications, try to keep to your pill-taking to a fixed schedule each day.

10 Most Common Myths and Misconceptions About HIV
There are many commonly held myths and misconceptions about HIV which are putting people at increased risk of infection, illness and even death.

List of HIV Drug Co-Pay and Assistance Programs
Co-Pay and Patient Assistance Programs (PAP) provide access to HIV drugs for those who having difficulty affording medications or insurance coverage.

HIV and Dental Care - Healthcare and Infections
Regular dental care is key to maintaining good oral heath and avoiding orally transmitted diseases. But do the procedures themselves pose any HIV risk?

The Politics of Needle Exchange and HIV Prevention
Needle exchange is a proven method of HIV prevention. Yet, the Federal Government will not promote needle exchange as a method of HIV prevention. Worse, the government will not fund needle exchange programs. What is the reason? I think we all's the politics of needle exchange.

The HIV Life Cycle - Understanding HIV Replication
Understanding the life cycle of HIV has made it possible to develop the medications we use to treat the disease, by blocking stages of that cycle.

The Impact of HIV/AIDS on Women
Women are faced with vulnerabilities, both biological and social, that can place them at greater risk of HIV infection and disease progression.

The History of World AIDS Day
With the push for the immediate, universal treatment of all people with HIV, there has arguably been no better time to mark World AIDS Day than now.

HIV and AIDS - Timeline and History
Knowing where you have been helps you to choose the right path to where you want to go. The history of HIV helps scientists, medical professionals, and patients alike understand the disease and find better ways to fight it. This article examines the history of HIV.

History of HIV - The History of HIV/AIDS - HIV Timeline - History of HIV
Knowing where you have been helps you to choose the right path to where you want to go. The history of HIV helps scientists, medical professionals, and patients alike understand the disease and find better ways to fight it. This article examines the history of HIV. Page 2.

The Dangers and Symptoms of Anal Cancer
While anal cancer is fairly rare in the general U.S. population, the rate is nearly 150 time greater in gay men, especially those with HIV.

Can Universal Testing and Treatment Reduce HIV Infection Rates?
Supporters of Universal Testing and Treatment (UTT) believe that treatment at the time of HIV diagnosis can reduce the

The Use of Suboxone for Opiate Addiction
The use of the drug Suboxone is making a difference in the lives of people with an opiate addiction, reducing the risk of both HIV and hepatitis.

Suboxone Treatment for Opiate Addiction
Suboxone (buprenorphine + naloxone) can be an effective way to treat opiate addiction if prescribed and monitored by a qualified medical specialist. Page 2.

How STDs Can Increase the Risk of HIV Infection
While many people understand that STDs can increase the risk of getting HIV, some may be surprised at how the body unwittingly facilitates infection.

How Reliable Are In-Home HIV Tests?
One study concluded that fourth-generation rapid tests were able to correctly identify 86% of HIV-positive cases but only 54% during acute infection.

How Safe Are Your Medical Records?
In September 2015, a London clinic accidentally leaked the names of 780 HIV patients, renewing concerns about patient privacy and confidentiality.

How Often Should I Get My CD4 Count and Viral Load Tested?
Monitoring a patient's CD4 count is most useful before the initiation of therapy, while the viral load is most useful after the initiation of therapy.

How Many People Die from HIV/AIDS Each Year?
According to the latest UN statistics, 36.8 million people are infected with HIV worldwide, with death rates decreasing in many area and rising in others.

Signs and Symptoms of HIV
Understanding the signs and symptoms of HIV allows us to proactively treat (and even avoid) certain infections well before they occur.

How Long Does It Take for HIV to Progress to AIDS?
In all but a few rare cases, HIV will progress to AIDS if left untreated. How long it takes depends on factors you can control and others you can't.

How Do I Negotiate Safer Sex With Someone I’m Dating?
Negotiating safer sex to prevent HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases can be incredibly awkward, with many avoiding the conversation altogether.

How Close Are We to a Functional Cure for HIV?
The functional cure is an evidence-based hypothesis by which HIV may be kept in check to undetectable levels without the use of chronic medications.

HIV Viral Load - What Is It and Why Is It Important?
The HIV viral load is a measurement of the amount of HIV circulating your blood, which is used to determine how well your HIV drugs are working,

Risk of HIV Through Casual Contact
While we know that HIV cannot be spread through casual contact, including kissing or sharing utensils, it is important for people to understand why this is.

HIV Prevention Pill (PrEP) May Not Require Daily Dosing
Research suggests that HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) may reduce the risk of HIV in gay men by 82-86% if taken just before and just after sex.

What Is the Risk of Getting HIV From a Needlestick Injury?
From 1985 to 2013, the CDC identified 58 confirmed and 150 possible cases of HIV caused by needlestick and other healthcare injuries in the U.S.

The Status of HIV and AIDS in China
HIV and AIDS in China. What is the state of HIV in China? HIV Around the World takes us to China.

HIV Around the World - China - Who's Infected, Prevention and Care
HIV and AIDS in China. What is the state of HIV in China. HIV Around the World today takes us to China. Page 2.

The Risks of HIV and Oral Sex
There is a commonly held belief that oral sex carries little or no risk of transmitting HIV. But the truth is, in some cases, risks can increase.

Hip Pain, Avascular Necrosis and HIV
Avascular necrosis (AVN) is bone cell death caused by a diminished blood supply to the bones which is being seen more frequently in people with HIV.

High Cholesterol and Triglycerides in HIV Infection
High cholesterol and trigylcerides are commonly seen in people with HIV, caused both by antiretroviral medications used the the disease and HIV itself.

HIV Seroconversion Definition
Your body produces antibodies to HIV in hopes of fighting off that infectious virus. In other words HIV seroconversion has occured.

HIV Prevention: Identifying the Barriers to PrEP Usage
Pre-exposure Prophylaxis (or PrEP) is an HIV prevention strategy wherein the daily use of Truvada can reduce an HIV-negative person’s risk of HIV.

HIV and Night Sweats - Symptoms and Treatment
Night sweats occur frequently in people with HIV, most often in later stages of untreated disease (when the CD4 count is below 200 cells/mL).

Hepatitis B Fact Sheet (Signs and Symptoms)
Hepatitis B Fact Sheet complete with hepatitis b signs and symptoms

Gonorrhea Signs, Symptoms, and Treatment
One of the world's most common sexually transmitted diseases is gonorrhea. While often there are no gonorrhea symptoms, being able to identify any gonorrhea signs and symptoms that do occur is very important for treatment and prevention.

Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy (PML)
Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy (PML) is a serious viral infection of the brain that strikes people with HIV and AIDS.

Pet Infections and Protecting Yourself If You Have HIV
Read about the types of infections in pets, and how a person with HIV can protect themselves.

Olysio (simeprevir) - HCV Drug Information
Olysio (simeprevir) is protease inhibitor-class drug used in combination antiviral therapy for the treatment of hepatitis C (HCV).

Five Reasons to Discuss HIV with Your Teenager Now
Nearly one in four new HIV infections occur in youth aged 13-24, and the rate has continued to rise every year despite decreases in other age groups.

Odefsey - HIV Antiretroviral Drug Information
Odefsey is a new formulation of the combination drug Complera, used in the treatment of HIV in both adults and children over the age of 12.

Seroconversion - Recognizing Acute HIV Syndrome
While acute HIV syndrome is not always to diagnose given the non-specific nature of the symptoms, there are clues that may suggest a recent infection.

Robert Gallo and the History of HIV
Robert Gallo, one of the three scientists credited with discovery of HIV, was ignored by the 2008 Nobel Prize committee for his contribution to medicine.

Reversing Immune "Exhaustion" to Better Fight HIV
One of the barriers to eradicating HIV is the gradual

Proper Condom Use and AIDS / HIV Prevention
Condoms are effective in preventing STDs and HIV when they are used correctly. Learn how to put on a condom correctly (and easily) each and every time.

Integrase Inhibitors - HIV Antiretroviral Drug Class
Integrase inhibitors are a powerful class of HIV drug which prevents HIV from integrating its genetic coding into the DNA of the infected host cell.

HIV Reinfection and Positive Prevention
HIV reinfection occurs when a person with HIV gets infected with a different viral strain through sexual contact with another HIV-infected person.

Sinus Infections in People Living With HIV
While 30% of all people suffer from sinusitis at least once each year, people living with HIV seem to have more frequent and severe bouts.

Social Innovators in HIV/AIDS Advocacy and Activism
HIV advocacy is alive and well, with a new breed of activists finding novel means to increase awareness in the challenges facing people with HIV.



Social Innovators in HIV/AIDS Advocacy and Activism
HIV advocacy is alive and well, with a new breed of activists finding novel ways to increase awareness about the challenges facing people with HIV.


The Risk of Breastfeeding With HIV, Hepatitis and Herpes
The risk of breastfeeding when you have HIV, herpes, and hepatitis B or C varies not only by infection but by specific risk factors in the mother.

Can Douching Increase Your Risk of HIV?
While early research suggested a direct link between HIV and douching, recent studies have shown an indirect association between douching and high risk sex.

Behavioral Disinhibition, Sexual - HIV/AIDS Glossary
Individuals who engage in high risk sexual behaviors will often do so out of misperceptions about their vulnerability to HIV infection or transmission.

- By Category
An index of categories in the

Surprising Reasons Why Gay Men Avoid HIV Testing
According to research from the Sydney Rapid Test Study, 95.7% of gay and bisexual men identified one or more barriers to getting tested for HIV.

Newsletter Courses
HIV is a complex disease. So much information is needed to live a long, healthy life with HIV. These newsletter courses offer the information you need in the comfort of your own home...delivered each week to your e-mail absolutely free. Give them a try.

Why the "New" Tenofovir Is Important in Treating HIV
Tenovovir AF is an

Risks and Prevention of HIV from Unprotected Sex - FAQs
Understanding the risk factors and prevention tools can significantly decrease the likelihood of getting HIV from oral, anal or vaginal sex.


blogs - HIV blogs - AIDS blogs
HIV related blogs from across the internet.

HIV / AIDS Condom Use
Learning to properly use a condom is your first line defense against HIV. It's the cornerstone of safer sex and the best way to stop the spread of infection.

HIV Terms - HIV Terms Beginning with R
A collection of HIV related terms that begins with the letter R.

General Adherence Information
The meds work, but only if you are adherent to your therapies. Unfortunately, that's not always as easy as it sounds. These resources should help.

General Information
Information and resources related to medications of all types.

Prescription Medications - Getting Your Prescription Medications
Getting your prescription medications is not as easy as it sounds. These resources assist you in getting your prescription medications.

Medication Adherence - Adherence - Adherence Tools
The key to a successful regimen is medication adherence. Here is a collection of tools that will help you stick to your meds.

Alternative Therapies
Information on alternative therapies in the treatment of HIV/AIDS,

Antibiotics and Prophylaxis
To help fight infection, there are several antibiotics that help keep you healthy. Here are there fact sheets.

Misc. Medication Fact Sheets
A collection of easy to understand medication fact sheets.

Hepatitis Medications
Here is a collection of fact sheets related to hepatitis medications.

Medication Fact Sheets - HIV Fact Sheets
A collection of resources and information for HIV medication and medications often taken along with HIV medications.

Know Your HIV Basics
This quiz will give you an idea how much you know about HIV.

Medication Fact Sheets
Easy to use medication fact sheets that provide all you need to know about your HIV medications.

Miscellaneous Meds
Here is a collection of information on various types and brands of medications.

Reviews & Buying Advice
Your guide reviews HIV related products such as books, movies, and condoms.

Top Picks
The best of the best. These resources are the top picks from your HIV Guide.

Top Ten Lists
A collection of lists filled with HIV resources, tips and information.