Alcoholism Sitemap - Page 1 2016-09-26

Binge Drinking - Dangerous on Many Levels
Binge drinking is dangerous on many different levels, especially for young drinkers, with possible effects on health, brain and emotional well-being.

Basic Facts About Inhalants - a Dangerous Habit
Mind-altering inhalants are often among the first drugs that young adolescents use in part because they are readily available and inexpensive.

Brain Recovery Possible for Meth Users
It's no doubt that methamphetamine use does damage to the brain. The question is whether or not that damage is reversible when someone stops using.

Drugs & Alcohol Abstinence - Dealing With Your Past
If you reached the point that you needed professional help, chances are you came into recovery with a lot of negative baggage from the past.

Early A.A. Efforts at Getting Drunks Sober
After Dr. Bob's last drink, he and Bill continued attempting to find alcoholics that could

Dual Diagnosis - The Problem
Those with severe mental disorders and substance abuse problems can fall through the treatment cracks due to the difficulty of an accurate diagnosis.

10 Things to Stop Doing If You Love an Alcoholic
Here are 10 things that you can stop doing that may help relieve some of the stress and conflict involved with living with an alcoholic or addict.

Reduce the Risks of Alcohol Consumption
Any steps that you take to reduce the amount of alcohol you drink will reduce its harmful effects on your health and well-being.

Risk of Alcohol Overdose
An average of 2,221 people over age 15 die each year of acute alcohol poisoning. That's an average of six deaths per day.

Health Effects of Alcohol
Alcohol consumption at harmful levels can eventually negatively affect every system in the body.

Dangers of Alcohol Impairment
Drinking alcohol can impair your ability to react and lower your inhibitions, both of which can cause you serious problems.

Alcohol Is an Adult Beverage
Throughout the United States, the legal drinking age is 21 and there are some very good reasons why.

Alcohol Awareness: Binge Drinking
If you typically drink a six-pack while watching the game or drink an entire bottle of wine during an evening, you are a binge drinker.

Alcohol Is a Dangerous Drug
Alcohol itself is not inherently evil. When used responsibly, alcohol can turn social gatherings into pleasant and enjoyable experiences.

Alcohol Awareness: At-Risk Drinking
If you drink as few as five drinks a day, you are considered a

Alcohol and Medication Mixing - Drug Interaction
Hundreds of medications - prescription and over-the-counter - interact with alcohol, leading to increased risk of illness, injury and, in some cases, death.

Identifying Alcohol Abuse and Seeking Help
The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism has prepared this information to help individuals and families answer these and other common questions about alcohol problems.

Binge Drinking Affects Brain, Memory
Young people who binge drink could be risking serious damage to their brains now and increased memory loss later in adulthood.

AUDIT - Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test
The Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) is one of the most accurate alcohol screening test available, rated 94 percent effective.

Exercise and Nutrition for Alcohol or Drugs Abstinence
Relaxation, exercise and better nutrition not only improve the physical and emotional health of people in recovery, but can also help prevent relapse.

Information About Commonly Abused Drugs
Detailed information about the most commonly abused drugs in the United States including illegal, legal, and prescription drugs.

There Are Many Ways to Enable an Alcoholic
You are not the cause of someone else's drinking problem, but you can contribute to the problem by playing a role in the alcoholic family drama.

Developing a Drug-Free Lifestyle to Maintain Abstinence
To maintain abstinence from alcohol or drugs over a long period of time, it is important to develop a drug-free lifestyle in all aspects of your life.

Help Maintain Sobriety With Money Management
Returning to work after going through rehab is usually a necessity, but employment and managing money can be problematic for alcoholics and addicts.

Maintain Abstinence by Managing Your Anger
Everyone gets angry occasionally, but alcoholics and addicts tend to have problems managing and expressing anger, which can threaten their recovery.

To Maintain Abstinence Avoid Substituting Addictions
It is common for alcoholics and addicts new to recovery to substitute one addiction for another, becoming obsessive or compulsive about other things.

High-Risk Drinking Can Cause Heart Problems
If you drink more than the recommended guidelines for low-risk alcohol consumption you are greatly increasing your risk of cardiovascular problems.

The Mug Shot Progression of Bridgitte Matzke
This is the photographic history of Bridgitte Matzke, whose progression into the depths of methamphetamine abuse is shown in a series of mug shots

Meth Use Causes Teeth Grinding
Heavy methamphetamine users typically develop bruxism - grinding and clenching of the teeth, which can cause tooth enamel to fracture.

Week-Long Meth Binges Cause Harm
Meth binges usually create long periods of tooth-grinding, poor diet and poor hygiene, which can result in broken, stained or rotting teeth.

Smoking Meth Causes Dry Mouth
Smoking methamphetamine can cause dry mouth, which in turn can result in tooth decay and gum disease for the user.

Poor Hygiene Common for Meth Users
Poor hygiene habits are another common factor for heavy methamphetamine users, who can go on week-long drug-use binges.

Chronic Meth Use Affects the Brain
Chronic meth use can lead to psychotic behavior, including paranoia, insomnia, anxiety, extreme aggression, delusions, hallucinations and bad mug shots.

Meth Weakens Blood Vessels
Prolonged use of meth can eventually weaken or destroy the blood vessels, which can cause bodily tissue to become easily damaged.

Meth Users Can Develop Acne and Sores
For meth users acne and sores can take longer to heal because of the damage to their blood vessels caused by their drug use.

Obsessive Skin-Picking Common for Meth Users
Some meth users develop formication, in which they hallucinate bugs crawling beneath their skin causing obsessive skin-picking.

Meth Can Cause Extreme Weight Loss
Many meth user experience weight loss, which at first, seems advantageous, but can cause further health problems.

Meth Users Can Become Gaunt, Frail
Continued use of methamphetamine can cause users to become gaunt and frail, rather than slim and attractive.

Definition of 'Blood Alcohol Content'
Definition of blood alcohol content from the Alcoholism Glossary.

DEA: Smoked Marijuana Is Not Medicine
Because many states have legalized marijuana for medical use, you may have assumed that it has been approved for medicinal use. That is not the case.

How to Prevent and Reduce Hangovers
The best way to avoid getting hungover is not drinking. Here are five next best ways to reduce your chances of a hangover and/or lessen the severity.

Alcohol Listed as Known Carcinogen
Alcoholic beverages have been officially listed as a known human carcinogen by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

About Highly Addictive Barbiturates
All sedatives, including barbiturates, can cause physical and psychological dependence even when they are taken at prescribed, therapeutic doses.

Campral Treatment for Alcoholism
Campral (acamprosate calcium) is the most recent medication approved for the treatment of alcohol dependence or alcoholism in the United States.

Effects of Alcohol on Blood Pressure
Even modest amounts of alcohol consumption can cause blood pressure to increase, according to two studies conducted in Japan.

Rehab Program Drop-Outs - Men vs. Women Motivation
Men and women who remain in alcohol and drug rehabilitation programs throughout a full year have entirely different motivations for doing so.

What Are Dissociative Drugs?
The class of drugs known as dissociative drugs distort users' perceptions of sight and sound and create feelings of detachment - or dissociation.

Find a Support Group Meeting Near You
Studies have found that participating in a support group along with other medical and professional treatment programs improves recovery outcomes.

How to Report Child Abuse
If you suspect a child is being abused or neglected, call your local Child Protective Services agency or the state agency where the abuse occurred.

Definition of 'Vehicular Homicide'
The definition of 'Vehicular Homicide' from our Drunk Driving glossary.

Medical Treatment for Alcohol Withdrawal Symptoms
About 95 percent of people have mild to moderate withdrawal symptoms, and can nearly always be treated as medically as outpatients.

Clapton Claims 'Cocaine' Is an Anti-Drug Song
Claiming that it has always been an anti-drug song, Eric Clapton has returned the classic hit

Marijuana, Spice Use Can Affect Embryo's Brain
Smoking high-potency marijuana, or using synthetic weed, can be dangerous in the early weeks of pregnancy, causing damage to the embryo's brain.

How To Stop Enabling an Alcoholic or Addict
Anything that you do that protects the alcoholic from the consequences of his or her actions, could be enabling him to delay a decision to get help.

The Complete Serenity Prayer
Brilliant in its simplicity, The Serenity Prayer is one of the key spiritual tools used by virtually all 12-step recovery support group members and many others.

Does Domestic Violence Increase on Super Bowl Sunday?
Is Super Bowl Sunday one of the worse days of the year for domestic violence in homes around the United States, or is that just another urban legend?

Alcohol and Aggression Among Those Who Express Trait Anger
The association between alcohol and aggression is huge, especially among men with trait anger. Learn who is more likely to get angry when they drink.

Basic Facts About Alcohol and Alcoholism
Alcohol is a dangerous drug. It is toxic to the body and when it is metabolized it changes into a known carcinogen. It can be deadly.

Images of Alcoholic Brain Damage
Innovations in imaging technology have helped alcohol researchers study how alcohol damages internal organs, including the brain and the liver.

Alcohol Compounds Its Damage to the Brain
A compounded set of lesions caused to the brain by drinking alcohol may work together to disadvantage both types of functions.

What Are the Symptoms of Acute Alcohol Poisoning?
Acute alcohol poisoning could lead to coma and even death if you do not intervene. Learn the symptoms and how to support emergency personnel here.

What Is Dry Drunk Syndrome?
They haven't had a drink in years, but still are not exactly sober. They are abstinent, but they are miserable along with everyone around them.

Recognizing Alcoholism as a Disease
One of the difficulties in recognizing alcoholism as a disease is it just plain doesn't seem like one. It doesn't look, sound, smell and it certainly doesn't act like a disease.

Al-Anon Meeting Topics for Beginners
These are some of the topics that seem to be of most interest to those who are new to Al-Anon Family Groups and want to learn more about the program.

Al-Anon Meeting Topic Acceptance
When I admitted that there were people, places, things, and situations over which I was powerless, those things began to lose their power over me.

Information for Friends and Families of Alcoholics
Dealing with a love one's addiction can leave you lonely and frustrated. Here are resources and information for friends and families of alcoholics.

What Can I Expect at a 12-Step Meeting?
Those who have never attended a 12-step meeting have some misconceptions about how meetings actually work. A long-time member explains what to expect.

Marijuana Interferes With Sustained Attention
Sustained attention to timing-tasks was substantially altered in laboratory rats when they were given a synthetic cannabinoid, researchers reported.

How Is Marijuana Used? - The Different Methods
Marijuana is usually smoked as a cigarette called a joint or a nail, or in a pipe or a bong, but many other methods of ingestion are used today.

What Happens If You Smoke Marijuana? - FAQ for Teens
How marijuana affects the individual user depends on many different factors, including the user's previous experience and the potency of the drug.

Cirrhosis of the Liver Threatens Heavy Drinkers
One of the largest threats to the health of chronic heavy drinkers and alcoholics is the damage that too much alcohol can do to their liver.

How Can I Tell If I Have a Drinking Problem?
There are many diagnostics tests available online that can help you self-evaluate your drinking, but none should substitute for professional medical advice.

Women At Higher Risk for the Effects of Alcohol
Women continue to be at higher risk than are men for certain serious medical consequences of alcohol use, including liver, brain and heart damage.

A.A. History by Mitchell K.
A list of articles written by historian and archivist Mitchell K. on the founders and early history of the recovery program Alcoholics Anonymous.

Prom and Graduation Time Dangerous Season for Teens
More than one-third of youth under the age of 21 killed in alcohol-related fatalities die during April, May and June - prom and graduation season.

Multiple Sex Partners Indicates Trouble for Teens
Females who have sex with more than one partne are likely to engage in other risk behaviors like smoking cigarettes, using cocaine or sniffing glue.

Rare Gene Discourages Alcohol Dependence Among Jews
A new study suggests that genes, not religion, may help explain why Jews generally have fewer problems with alcohol than Caucasians in general.

Alcohol and Healing - Alcohol Weakens Body Defenses
Chronic drinkers may appear to be healthy, but if they do become ill or injured, they may find it more difficult to heal, research suggests.

Sleep Problems in Recovering Alcoholics
Alcoholics can continue to have sleep problems for many months after they quit drinking, mostly in trying to fall asleep.

Alcoholism
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Chronic Drinking Increases Stress Hormone
Some of the effects of alcohol intoxication on the body may be caused by an increase of cortisol, sometimes known as a stress hormone.

Moonshine Can Still Cause Health Problems
Moonshine continues to thrive and according to a physician at the University of Virginia Health System, it can cause serious health problems in those who abuse it.

New Treatment For Hepatitis C - Study Details
A new treatment for Hepatitis C which includes a longer-acting form of interferon has been found to cure more patients and cause less side effects.

Hepatitis - Frequently Asked Questions About Hepatitis
Frequently asked questions about hepatitis, the types of hepatitis, how each type may be contracted, and how to treat each type of hepatitis.

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome in the Classroom
Some or all of these common classroom symptoms may happen to children with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome or Effects

Antisocial Alcoholics Are Emotionally Unavailable
Dysfunction in brain regions that govern how humans relate to their environment and make adaptive decisions may in turn facilitate the development of alcoholism.

Neurotransmitters Key to Treating Alcoholics?
Researchers believe they have found a cellular mechanism underlying alcohol's effects, that when blocked can stop alcohol's affect on the brain.

How to Report a Drunken Driver
Drunk drivers kill thousands of innocent people on the highways every year. Reporting a suspected drunk to the police might just save someone's life.

Ecstasy Use Affects Memory, Study Shows
People who take the recreational drug Ecstasy risk impairing their memory, according to an international study which surveyed 763 users.

Chocolate and Craving
The same alkaloid compounds found in alcohol are also present in chocolate, researchers found, perhaps explaining some of their addictive qualities.

Alcohol Consumption Can Induce Sleep Disorders
Alcohol consumption can disrupt the sequence and durations of sleep states, alter total sleep time, and affect the time required to fall asleep.

The Big Book of A.A.
The Big Book is the basic text of the original 12-step recovery program now known worldwide by the name,

Nicotine-Patch Treatment Works for Smokers With Long-Term Sobriety
Research indicates that nicotine patches work as well for smokers with long-term sobriety as it does for smokers without a history of alcoholism.

Rational Recovery
Rational Recovery is an abstinence based recovery approach that claims to be the antithesis and irreconcilable arch-rival of Alcoholics Anonymous.

Jean's Alcoholics Anonymous Story
I am one of the fortunate alcoholics who has lived to tell my story. But for the grace of God and the program of AA, I would have died.

Alcoholism
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Valerie's Story of Alcoholic Liver Disease
I stopped eating and finally ended up in ER a couple of times before they diagnosed the liver failure and the rest. I was dying. The doctors just gave up.

Preventing Alcohol Abuse Disorders
Due to the tremendous cost that alcoholism causes society, a wide array of prevention efforts are utilized to prevent as many as possible from drinking.

Passing Violence Down to Another Generation
An estimated 75 percent of those arrested for domestic violence report seeing the same behavior in childhood and 50 percent were abused themselves.

An Alcoholic in Denial He's Affecting Others
There are some alcoholics who are never going to stop drinking no matter how much their drinking may be affecting the lives of others.

Alcohol's Effects on Testosterone
Contrary to previous findings, one study has found that alcohol consumption may increase testosterone levels in the brain of some individuals.

Lowering Drunk Driving Level to .05 BAC Saves Lives
New laws in British Columbia setting penalties for driving with a blood-alcohol content of .05 saw a reduction in fatal alcohol-related auto crashes.

Social Host Laws Help Reduce Underage Drinking
No single effort is going to prevent underage drinking, but communities can help by passing laws holding adults who provide the alcohol accountable.

Vicodin Withdrawal Information and Symptoms
Vicodin withdrawal can produce a wide range of physical symptoms which can occur when someone stops or dramatically reduces usage of the medication.

How Long Does Amphetamine Stay in Your System?
It is important to know how long amphetamine remains in your system is because of the risk of overdose.

Does Opium Stay in Your System? - Drug Tests Timetable
Determining exactly how long opium is detectable in the body depends on many variables, including which kind of drug test is being used.

How Long Does Psilocybin Stay in Your System?
Determining exactly how long psilocybin is detectable in the body depends on variables like what kind of test is used to detect it.

How Long Does Soma Stay in Your System?
Estimating how long Soma is detectable in the body depends on many variables, including which kind drug test is being used.

What Are the Effects of Hallucinogens?
Researchers believe that hallucinogens alter the perceptions of users by acting on neural circuits in the brain, particularly in prefrontal cortex.

What Are the Effects of Dissociative Drugs?
It is believed that PCP, Ketamine and DXM and other dissociative drugs act by disrupting the chemical glutamate throughout the brain.

Ignition Locks Effective For First-Time DUI Offenders
Laws that require first-offender drunk drivers to install ignition interlock devices on their vehicles can save lives and reduce repeat offenses.

Alcoholic Home Can Have Lifelong Effect on Children
Growing up in a home with an alcoholic parent can affect children so profoundly they can suffer repercussions for the rest of their lives.

Challenges Facing the Children of Alcoholics
It is estimated that one in four children in the United States are exposed to alcoholism or drug addiction in their family.

Alcoholism Is a Progressive Disease
Because the change is so gradual over a long period of time, few alcoholics notice the point at which their drinking went from abuse into dependence.

Step 8 - Magic Shares on Becoming Willing
If I work this 8th step to the best of my ability, the promise of living a life free of isolation from my fellow man and God will come to be.

A Study of Step 9 of the 12 Step Program
Making amends may seem like a bitter pill to swallow, but for those serious about recovery it can be good medicine for the spirit and the soul.

A Study of Step 3 of the 12 Steps
A lifetime of self-will run riot can come to a screeching halt, and change forever, by making a simple decision to turn it all over to a higher power.

A Study of Step 2 of the 12 Steps - Faith
Twelve-step members are not required to accept someone else's concept of God, only to trust that there is a power

A Study of Tradition 7 of the 12 Traditions
By being self-supporting and declining outside contributions, twelve-step groups protect the fellowship structure and basic spiritual foundations.

A Study of Tradition 10 of the 12 Traditions
By not expressing opinions on outside issues, twelve-step groups hope to avoid controversy, both publicly and within the fellowship itself.

A Study of Tradition 2 - The 12 Traditions of A.A.
In twelve-step groups there is no such thing as individual authority. No one member directs or controls the actions of the other members of the group.

Teen Myth - Prescription Drugs Are Safer Is a Teen Myth
If you are a teenager, chances are you have heard friends suggest that using prescription medications are much safer than using illegal drugs.

Mixing Alcohol and Medication - Harmful Interactions
If you are taking medication, evern some over-the-counter medications or herbal remedies, drinking alcohol can have serious consequences.

Spouses of Alcoholics Benefit From Online Help
Spouses or partners living with an alcoholic can learn coping skills and reduce distress, depression and anger through an online training program.

A Glimmer of Hope for Staying Sober
A historic meeting between Bill W. and Dr. Bob plants the seeds for recovery program now known as Alcoholics Anonymous.

1941 Saturday Evening Post Article Boosts A.A.
Membership in Alcoholics Anonymous skyrocketed after publication of Jack Alexander's Saturday Evening Post article on March 1, 1941.

Founders of Alcoholics Anonymous, Bill W. and Dr. Bob
Two men, both of whom were termed hopeless alcoholics, began a program of recovery that has helped millions find sobriety and serenity.

Alcoholics Anonymous Becomes Self Supporting
The idea of Alcoholics Anonymous becoming a self-supporting organization came from a surprising source.

Correcting Errors in the 'Approved' A.A. History
Why some of this historical data of the early history of Alcoholics Anonymous does not match up with conference-approved literature version.

The Historic SIgnificance of Dr. Bob's Last Drink
The date of Dr. Bob's last drink marks the official beginning of Alcoholics Anonymous, but is the official date correct?

Financing the Big Book of Alcoholics Anonymous
Bill W. had no money to publish the Big Book, which he hoped would help produce funds for the movement now known as Alcoholics Anonymous.

Influx of Members Expected in Early A.A.
A proposed article in a national magazine was expected to attract many new members into the meetings of Alcoholics Anonymous.

Roots of The Big Book 'Alcoholics Anonymous'
Most of the ideas and wording in the Alcoholics Anonymous book came from other writers and spiritual books.

The Big Book Goes to Press in 1939
After long and heated discussions the Alcoholics Anonymous book was finally ready to be published in 1939.

The Big Book of Alcoholics Anonymous Is Published
The publication of the Big Book did not bring the initial response that was expected, with only a trickle of orders coming in the mail.

The Growth of A.A. Central Offices
As Alcoholics Anonymous began to grow in the 1940's, the first central offices were created around the country, starting in Cleveland and New York.

Why Study A.A. History?
Historian and archivist Mitchell K. examines why it is important to study the early history of Alcoholics Anonymous.

Children of Alcoholics Feel They Are Different
Some children who grow up in alcoholic homes have a tendency to feel that they are different from other people and are uncomfortable in social situations.

Brain Cells Can Rebound With Alcohol Abstinence
Scientists have reported - for the first time - a burst in new brain cell development during abstinence from chronic alcohol consumption.

Coffee Lowers Risk of Cirrhosis?
Drinking coffee may reduce the risk of developing alcohol-related liver disease, but the best way to reduce cirrhosis risk is to stop drinking alcohol.

Cocaine Affects Women's Brain Differently
Cocaine-dependent women experience reactions in the brain that are different from men, suggesting that gender-specific treatment strategies may be helpful.

Cocaine Abuse Affects Decision Making
Chronic cocaine abuse is directly related to dysfunction in areas of the brain involved in higher thought and decision-making.

About Date Rape Drugs Rohypnol and GHB
Rohypnol and GHB are predominantly central nervous system depressants. They are colorless, tasteless, odorless, and can be slipped into a drink.

Are Alcohol Blackouts Real?
Drinking too much alcohol doesn't kill brain cells, but it interferes with the brain's ability to learn and form new memories, creating blackouts.

Al-Anon Opening Statement
The opening statement read at the beginning of most Al-Anon Family Group meetings describes what members can expect to receive from the program.

Al-Anon Conference Approved Literature
Of all the 12-step programs, Al-Anon Family Groups has probably the most extensive library of Conference Approved Literature.

New Breathalyzer-Cell Phone Blocks Embarrassing Calls
A new cell phone with a built-in breathalyzer to test the blood alcohol level of users will warn them if they have had too much to drink and drive.

Impaired Driving - Why You Should Never Drink and Drive
It's not a question of whether you are legally intoxicated, it's a question of whether or not your driving skills have been impaired even slightly.

A Designated Driver Is Not the 'Least Drunk'
Instead of picking someone to remain sober and be the designated driver, a study has found that many young people are choosing the one

Does a Dui Arrest Equal a Drinking Problem
Most states make the assumption that a convicted drunk driver has a drinking problem and they mandate alcohol evaluation, education and treatment.

SCRAM Ankle Bracelet Measures Blood Alcohol 24/7
More and more agencies are beginning to use a high-tech tool that helps them track the alcohol consumption of offenders and patients 24 hours a day.

Should You Refuse a Breathalyzer?
Refusing a breath test might reduce your chances of being convicted of drunk driving, if it weren't for implied consent laws in effect in every state.

Can You Have a DUI Conviction Expunged?
After you have completed your drunk driving sentence, you may discover that merely having a DUI conviction on your record is punishment in itself.

Alcohol, Drug Abuse Key Factors in Mortality Rate Reversal
Alcohol and drug abuse are key factors in a reversal in mortality rates among white U.S. men and women aged 45-54 between 1999 and 2013.

Alcohol's Effect on Nutrition
Because alcoholics tend to eat poorly and because alcohol can interfere with the nutritional process, many heavy drinkers suffer from malnutrition.

Moderate Drinking Linked to Atrial Fibrillation
We have known that binge drinking or excessive alcohol consumption can cause atrial fibrillation, but now research shows even moderate drinking is risky.

How Can I Help an Alcoholic or Addict?
Sometimes when the families of addicts face a crisis situation their first response is to rush in and help, when the best thing may be to do nothing.

Let Go and Let God - Al-Anon Meeting Topic
It never occurred to me, while I was asking God to change the alcoholic in my life, that I just might be a small part of the problem!

Coping With Rejection - Al-Anon Meeting Topic
It never occurred to me the other person just might be the one having a problem, which had absolutely nothing at all to do with me.

Successful Addiction Treatment Should Include Family Therapy
If the family does not become involved in learning about substance abuse and the role it can play in the family, it might actually hinder the addict's recovery

Coping With a Family Member in Alcohol or Drug Rehab
A family member entering rehab may leave you with a lot of concerns, questions and maybe some misconceptions about how professional treatment works.

Secondary Conditions With Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
Learn about the debilitating secondary conditions associated with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FAS), which is 100 percent preventable.

What Is a Hangover? (Biology, Mechanics, Symptoms)
The term hangover refers to a constellation of unpleasant and painful symptoms that can develop after drinking too much alcohol.

Alcohol Can Upset Body's Circadian Rhythms
The network of timekeeping systems throughout the body, which influence various aspects of many body functions, can be disrupted by chronic alcohol use.

Treatment Options for Alcoholism
For alcoholics who have decided to get help for their drinking problem, there are many different treatment programs and approaches available.

The Dangers of Smoking for Alcoholics
Smoking tobacco is dangerous for everyone, but it is even more so for alcoholics -- including those smokers who are in recovery and sober.

Heavy Drinking Can Contribute to Bone Disease
Of all of the effects of long-term heavy alcohol consumption probably the least known is how heavy drinking can affect bone mass in the body.

Daily Drinkers at Higher Risk for Liver Disease
If you are a daily drinker, you can reduce your risk of developing liver disease significantly if you start planning several alcohol-free days a week.

A Child Eye's View of Meth Abuse
Children in homes where methamphetamine abuse has overtaken their parents are traumatized by the experience, many times left alone and hungry.

Basic Facts About OxyContin, a Highly Addictive Drug
Oxycontin is the time-release form of oxycodone, a semi-synthetic opioid analgesic usually prescribed for relief from chronic and severe pain.

Topiramate Found Effective for Reducing Alcohol Consumption
Topiramate, currently used to treat epilepsy and migraines, has been found effective for reducing alcohol consumption and treating cocaine addiction.

Alcoholic Liver Disease
The liver performs many vital functions that are necessary for good health, but it is especially vulnerable to the toxic effects of alcohol consumption.

Early Spirituality Deters Alcohol Abuse
Teens who have an active spiritual life are half as likely to become alcoholics or drug addicts than those who have no religious beliefs.

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Protecting Children from Prescription Drug Abuse
A growing number of adolescents are getting high from using prescription and over-the-counter drugs, and most of them get those drugs from home.

The Costs of Alcohol and Drug Treatment
If you are considering seeking treatment for an alcohol or drug problem, one of the first questions you will probably ask is,

Alcohol Abuse Screening Quiz
If you consume alcohol it is important to know if your drinking is safe, risky or harmful. This quiz can help you decide if you have a drinking problem.

My Friend Smokes Weed, Is It an Addiction?
If your friend smokes weed and it does not interfere with her work, family life or daily activities, it's likely she does not have an addiction.

Teen Girls More Vulnerable to Substance Abuse
Parents of adolescent girls may think their daughters are less likely to use drugs and alcohol than boys, but the research doesn't support that notion.

Many Alcoholics Unaware of How Their Drinkng Affects Others
Many alcoholics have little realization of just how much their drinking affects others around them, including their immediate family members.

Step 1 - Avizn4u Shares on Unmanageable
At my first Alcoholics Anonymous meeting, I actually asked, 'What do you mean my life is unmanageable?'

Valerie Describes Her Journey as a Liver Disease Survivor
Nine years after she was given Last Rites due to her failing liver, Valerie is still sober and close to getting a college degree.

Using Alcohol & Drugs to Enhance Sex
Teens and adolescents who use alcohol and drugs to increase their chances of having sex many times end up having unsafe sex or sex they later regret.

Sex, Drug Use Increase Teen Suicide Risk
Teens who engage in high-risk behaviors involving sex and drugs have significantly higher odds of depression, suicidal thoughts and suicide attempts.

Underage Drinking Risk Factors and Consequences
Alcohol is the most widely used and abused drug among youth and causes serious and potentially life-threatening problems.

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Pictures of Various Drug Paraphernalia
Photographs to help you identify various paraphernalia associated with illicit drug use.

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Photographs of Various Types of Heroin
Here are photos from the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration of heroin in various forms. Heroin in its purest form is white, but most heroin appears brown in color.

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Are Cocaine Abusers at Risk for HIV/AIDS and Hepatitis?
Cocaine users are at greater risk for contracting human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) and viral hepatitis..

What Is the Effect of Maternal Cocaine Use?
Scientists have not been able to determine the complete effect that cocaine use by a pregnant woman has on her child.

What Treatments are Effective for Cocaine Abusers?
Cocaine addiction can be complex, causing the addict issues not only with the addiction itself, but with a wide variety of personal problems.

How Is Cocaine Used? (Methods)
Except for approved medical use, there is no safe way to use cocaine that can completely avoid the possibility of absorbing toxic levels of the drug.

How Does Cocaine Produce Its Effects?
A great amount of research has been devoted to understanding the way cocaine produces its pleasurable effects, and the reasons it is so addictive.

What Are The Short-Term Effects of Cocaine Use?
Almost immediately after taking cocaine, the user begins to feel its effects, whether it is snorted, injected or smoked, as the drug affects the brain.

What Are the Long-Term Effects of Cocaine Use?
One of the most dangerous consequences of using cocaine is its powerful addictive qualities making future use of the drug unpredictable.

What Are the Medical Complications of Cocaine Abuse?
The use of cocaine can produce extensive and massive medical complications, the most frequent of which are cardiovascular effects.

What Is Crack Cocaine?
Crack is the street name given to the freebase form of cocaine that has been processed from the powder cocaine hydrochloride form to a smokable substance.

What Is the Scope of Cocaine Use in the United States?
The number of current cocaine users has been declining steadily since the 1980s and that decline has continued into the 21st Century.

Are Anabolic Steroids Addictive?
Some individuals who abuse anabolic steroids can develop patterns of behavior that are typical symptoms of people who are addicted to substances.

What Are the Health Effects of Steroid Abuse?
The negative side effects linked to anabolic steroid abuse can range from those that are mildly annoying to those that can be life threatening.

What Effects Do Anabolic Steroids Have on Behavior?
Indications are that high doses or anabolic steroids increases irritability and aggression which may be caused by secondary hormonal changes.

How Are Anabolic Steroids Used?
Some anabolic steroids are taken orally, others are injected intramuscularly, and still others are provided in gels or creams that are rubbed on the skin.

Steroids Abuse FAQ
Since the 1950s, some athletes have been taking anabolic steroids to build muscle and boost their athletic performance.

What Are Anabolic Steroids?
The term anabolic steroids is used to refer to a group of synthetic substances related to male sex hormones, for example testosterone.

Frequently Asked Questions About Cocaine
How is cocaine used? What are the short and long-term effects of using cocaine? Get the answers to these and other cocaine questions.

What Is Cocaine?
Cocaine is a Schedule II drug which has the high potential for abuse, but can also be administered for legitimate medical purposes.

Alcoholism
Alcoholism.

What Are the Medical Consequences of Inhalant Abuse?
Because there are so many different substances that are abused as inhalants, users can risk a long list of serious medical consequences.

Alcoholism
Alcoholism.

What Are the Special Risks for Nitrite Abusers?
The dangers of abusing nitrites, known as

What Are the Short- and Long-Term Effects of Inhalant Use?
Inhalant use can produce a variety of effects on the user that begin within seconds after the substance is breathed into the lungs.

How Do Inhalants Produce Their Effects?
Scientists believe that most inhalants affect many different systems of the brain to produce their anesthetic, intoxicating and reinforcing effects.

How Are Inhalants Used?
Inhalants are breathed in through the nose or mouth and are rapidly absorbed into the bloodstream, causing an almost instant high.

What Is the Scope of Inhalant Abuse?
Compared to most illicit drugs, inhalants are abused by a very small percentage of the population, but their use is significant among young children.

What Are the Patterns of Inhalant Abuse?
Because of their availability in common products found around the home, inhalants are often the first drugs that young children use.

What Are Inhalants?
Inhalants are substances, usually found in common household products, that produce chemical vapors that can be inhaled to get high.

Frequently Asked Questions About Inhalants
Many young people inhale the vapors from these sources in search of quick intoxication without being aware of the health consequences that can result.

Alcohol and Substance Abuse-Related Videos
The videos on the alcoholism site explore many aspects of alcohol abuse, the symptoms of alcoholism, how it is diagnosed and the treatment options available.

Alcohol and Substance Abuse-Related Videos
The videos on the alcoholism site explore many aspects of alcohol abuse, the symptoms of alcoholism, how it is diagnosed and the treatment options available.

Health Effects of Various Illegal Drugs
There are negative health effects associated with every illegal drug out there and some of those effects can even be fatal.

Books for Adult Children of Alcoholics
If you grew up in an alcoholic or​ dysfunctional family, these books offer insight into the characteristics that adult children typically develop.

Drug Abuse Screening Quiz
Do you need treatment for substance abuse? Take this this adapted from the Vanderbilt University Addiction Center.

How a Family Alcoholism Intervention Works
Sometimes when the addict's or alcoholic's problems reach the crisis level, the only choice left to his family is a professional intervention.

Wine Withdrawal Symptoms Quiz
Do you experience withdrawal symptoms when you try to quit drinking? Are your symptoms mild, moderate or severe? Take the quiz.

How to Help When an Alcoholic or Addict Dies
For those trying to console those left behind when an addict dies, offering support can also be difficult.

What Are the Symptoms of an Alcohol Problem?
Certain behaviors are known to be possible early signs of an alcohol problem.

Vodka Withdrawal Symptoms Quiz
Learn if you are experiencing withdrawal symptoms when you try to quit drinking. Symptoms may be mild, moderate or severe.

The Many Facets of Enabling Alcoholism
If you are locked into playing a role in the alcoholic's life, maybe it's time to call time out and examine the consequences of your actions.

Alcohol Withdrawal Symptoms
Learn about the range of symptoms that may occur from suddenly stopping the use of alcohol after chronic or prolonged consumption.

Alcohol Withdrawal Symptoms Day 12
After 12 days of abstinence from alcohol, most people who quit have very few withdrawal symptoms. The struggle at this stage is trying to remain sober.

Alcohol Withdrawal Symptoms Day 7
After seven days the battle becomes more psychological, than physical for most people who quit drinking due to overwhelming cravings.

Alcohol Withdrawal Symptoms Day 13
Visitors to the About.com Alcoholism site continue to report the benefits of not drinking alcohol after 13 days of abstinence.

Alcohol Withdrawal Symptoms Day by Day
Those who are experiencing alcohol withdrawal symptoms while trying to quit drinking usually ask: is this normal and here's how long it will last?

Alcohol Withdrawal Symptoms Day 10
At 10 days without alcohol if you still have any physical withdrawal symptoms, they are possibly due to some other condition than alcohol withdrawal.

Alcohol Withdrawal Symptoms Day 11
If physical symptoms continue after 11 days of abstinence from alcohol, seek medical attention.

Alcohol Withdrawal Symptoms Day 9
Those who make it to day nine of abstinence from alcohol begin to see real results in how not drinking is directly affecting their lives.

Alcohol Withdrawal Symptoms Week 3
After two weeks of abstinence, the benefits of no longer drinking at harmful levels continue to become evident.

Alcohol Withdrawal Symptoms Day 30 and Beyond
After 30 days of sobriety, any physical withdrawal symptoms should be well in the past, with the only struggle to maintain abstinence and recovery.

Alcohol Withdrawal Symptoms Week 4
In the fourth week of abstinence from alcohol, the benefits keep piling up, according to visitors to the About.com Alcoholism site.

Alcohol Withdrawal Symptoms Day 14
After two weeks of total abstinence from alcohol the most common symptom is insomnia, but that could be attributed to other factors than alcohol withdrawals.

Alcohol Withdrawal Symptoms Day 6
Day six of no alcohol consumption means most of the more severe withdrawal symptoms have subsided significantly, but some nagging symptoms can persist.

Alcohol Withdrawal Symptoms Day 3
As day three begins, alcohol withdrawals symptoms begin to ease up for some who have quit drinking, but for others they are beginning to get intense.

Alcohol Withdrawal Symptoms Day 2
Going into the second day of abstinence from alcohol, for some their symptoms are already subsiding, while others are beginning more severe symptoms.

Alcohol Withdrawal Symptoms Day 1
For many who decide to quit drinking, the first day of abstinence usually follows a day of very heavy alcohol consumption either a binge or a bender.

Alcohol Withdrawal Symptoms Day 5
If the symptoms persist for five days, many will give in and take a drink to get some relief rather than stick it out another day suffering.

Alcohol Withdrawal Symptoms Day 4
For those who do make it through day three of alcohol withdrawal symptoms without taking a drink, day four for many brings some relief.

Alcohol Withdrawal Symptoms Day 8
By day eight of abstinence from alcohol, many people are usually beginning to see the many health advantages of having quit drinking.

How Can I Get Him to Stop? - Alcoholism
When our visitors ask the above questions about the drinker in their lives, the answer is not simple.

End-Stage Alcoholism: Linda's Immortal Alcoholic
For friends and family members who have loved ones going through the end stages of alcoholism, the experience can be frustrating and lonely.

Enabling: It's Not Blaming the Family
When we say family members are enabling the alcoholic, we aren't saying they caused the problem, but they are not providing a solution either.

How to Know When You're Enabling an Addict
Many times when family and friends try to help alcoholics, they are actually making it easier for them to continue in the progression of the disease.

Drunk Driving Penalty Enhancements Quiz
Answer these question to find out if you may be facing any sentence enhancements when you go to court for drunken driving.

Don't Be Afraid to Quit because of Alcohol Withdrawal
If you have been hesitant to quit drinking because you are concerned the withdrawal may be too severe, there are ways to minimize those symptoms.

Domestic Violence Danger Assessment Quiz
If you are in an abusive relationship that has turned violent, you may be in more danger than you realize. This assessment tool can help you decide.

Do You Have an Alcohol or Drug Problem?
If you think that you or someone you know has an alcohol or drug problem, these quizzes can help you determine if it is time to reach out for help.

Denial as a Symptom of Alcoholism
One of the most frustrating factors in dealing with alcoholism, as a relative, friend or professional, is it is almost always accompanied by denial.

Beer Withdrawal Symptoms Quiz: Are Your Symptoms Severe
Are you experiencing withdrawal symptoms when you quit drinking beer? Your symptoms can be mild, moderate or severe.

Am I An Alcoholic? - Take a Self-Assessment Test
Take this short quiz to help determine if your drinking is safe, risky or harmful.

What Makes the Victims of Violence Stay
Most people who come in contact with the inappropriate behavior of an alcoholic will simply walk away. But for many others, it is not so simple.

Mild Alcohol Withdrawal Symptoms
Get an idea if whether or not you are experiencing withdrawal symptoms when you try to quit drinking. Are your symptoms mild, moderate or severe?

How Much Alcohol Is Too Much?
How do you know if you are drinking at a safe level? How much alcohol can you drink and still be considered a low-risk drinker? How much is too much?

Adult Children of Alcoholics Screening Quiz
Did you grow up with a problem drinker? Those who grow up in homes where there is alcohol abuse or alcoholism are sometimes affected in ways they do not even realize.

How to Recognize a Meth Lab
The keys to recognizing a methamphetamine laboratory are the equipment, the ingredients used, and sometimes the behaviors of the occupants.

Gary's Story: Anger Fueled With Alcohol
I had new friends and a new way of living. I felt for the first time that I actually fit in and belonged in this Alcoholics Anonymous group.

Alcohol Metabolism: Key to Alcohol's Dangers?
The differences in how the body breaks down and eliminates alcohol may explain why some are at greater risks of alcoholism, liver damage and cancer.

The Effect of Alcohol on Hormones and Their Function
Serious medical consequences can occur when alcohol interferes with the body's finely coordinated and targeted hormone system.

Sobriety Does Not Have to Make You Miserable
Most people who find recovery are happy they are free and no longer addicted, but others are downright miserable being clean and sober.

Marijuana - Basic Facts, Uses and Effects
Marijuana is a green or gray mixture of dried, shredded flowers and leaves of the plant Cannabis sativa. There are over 200 slang terms for the drug.

How Long Does Alcohol Stay in Your System?
Determining exactly how long alcohol is detectable in the body depends on many variables, including the test being used. Only time can lower your BAC.

How Long Does Methamphetamine Stay in Your System?
Determining exactly how long meth is detectable in the body depends on many variables, including the type of test used and the user's metabolism.

The First Stage of Recovery Is Treatment Initiation
The first stage of recovery from alcohol or drug abuse is reaching out for help and seeking some kind support, treatment or rehabilitation program.

Developing Healthy Relationships to Maintain Abstinence
If you are trying to maintain abstinence from drugs or alcohol, it is important that you develop positive, healthy relationships during recovery.

Alcoholism
Alcoholism. Page 2.

Methamphetamine Effects Linger Longer After Abstinence
Methamphetamine abusers do not necessarily need specialized treatment but do need more time in intensive outpatient or residential treatment programs.

What Are the Treatments for Heroin Addiction?
Quitting heroin is extremely difficult, but for those who have a sincere desire or motivation to quit, there are a variety of treatment available.

The Link Between Stress and Alcohol
Many people turn to alcohol to try to cope with life's stressful situations. Learn how alcohol can actually compound the effects of stress.

The Effects of Methamphetamine
Methamphetamine is a highly addictive drug - whether injected, snorted or smoked - that affects the brain and central nervous system. Learn how.

How Long Does Hash Stay in Your System?
Determining exactly how long hash is detectable in the body depends on many variables, including the type of test, and how long it's been since ingestion.

How Long Does Marijuana Stay in the System?
The effects of smoking marijuana fade very quickly, but THC metabolites can be detected in the system long after the effects of weed wear off.

Hitting Bottom for an Alcoholic or Addict
For those suffering from the disease of alcoholism it seems to be an almost universal truth that before things can get better, they have to get worse.

Safety Plan for Domestic Violence Victims
If you are in an abusive relationship, it is important that you develop a safety plan whether or not you stay in the relationship or decide to leave.

The Latest Alcohol and Drug Headlines
The latest National Survey on Drug Use and Health figures are in and indicate 7.73 percent of all Americans smoked marijuana in the past month.

Who Ends Up Becoming the College Problem Drinkers?
How can you tell which students who go off to college will become the problem binge drinkers who take partying to the extreme?

Drug Use Brain Damage Vs. Alzheimer's
Young drug abusers are up to three times more likely to suffer brain damage -- a level of damage normally only seen in much older people.

12 Steps for Christians in Recovery
You do not need to abandon your faith in order to work the Twelve Steps, but you may need to get back to its foundations.

Books About Alcoholism and Drug Abuse
Helpful books about alcoholism and addiction, for people dealing with alcoholism or drug abuse, either their own or that of someone they know.

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Alcoholism.

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Photographs of Cocaine and Crack Cocaine
Photographs of cocaine and crack cocaine in several forms.

Alcoholism
Alcoholism.

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Alcoholism.

Domestic Violence Varies by Ethnicity
Black and Hispanic couples are more likely to report intimate partner violence than white couples, and alcohol plays a role in the increased risks.

How Court-Ordered Alcoholics Anonymous Works
If you find yourself facing court mandated attendance at Alcoholics Anonymous meetings, you probably have questions about what is going to happen next.

Marijuana Withdrawal Symptoms
Symptoms linked to marijuana withdrawal may be milder than those from alcohol and other drugs, but they are intense enough to cause some to relapse.

Can Tapering Off Reduce Alcohol Withdrawal Symptoms?
If you want to quit drinking, you might want to consider tapering off first to try to reduce the severity of possible alcohol withdrawal symptoms.

The Dangers of Impaired Driving
If you have only had a couple of drinks and are far from being legally intoxicated, it still probably a good idea not to be driving a vehicle.

Smoking More Harmful for Recovering Alcoholics
Research shows that alcoholics, even recovering alcoholics, are at greater risk for the negative health effects of smoking compared to other smokers.

Addiction Is a Chronic Brain Disease
Addiction is a chronic brain disease that is more about the neurology of the brain rather than the outward manifestations of behavioral problems.

Safety Tips for College Drinkers
College students who drink alcohol may get themselves into trouble, not because of how much they drink, but because of their risk-taking attitudes.

Smoking Can Make Hangovers More Intense
Alcohol drinkers who smoke heavily on the same day they drink heavily are more likely to experience a hangover than those who do not smoke.

How Long Does Phenobarbital Stay in Your System?
Phenobarbital is in a class of medications called barbiturates. How long it remains in the system depends on several variables.

Ondansetron Can Prevent Alcohol Craving
A drug used to reduce chemotherapy-induced nausea can help the hardest-to-treat alcoholics significantly reduce their drinking, research suggests.

Raising Alcohol Tax to Reduce Drinking Can Backfire
Researchers have found that increasing the prices of alcohol beverages to reduce alcohol consumption may actually have the opposite effect.

Women Influenced Differently by Alcoholic Parent
There are differences in how the risk of parental alcoholism is transmitted to daughters, and women are affected to a greater degree by family alcoholism.

Meconium Test Can Detect Drinking During Pregnancy
Mothers who drink excessively during pregnancy may no longer be able to hide that fact thanks to a test developed by the Hospital for Sick Children.

How Long Does Oxymorphone Stay in Your System?
Several factors are involved in determining how long Oxymorphone is detectable in the body, including which kind drug test is being used.

Alcoholic Dementia - Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome
Excessive drinking over a period of years may lead to Alcoholic Dementia which affects memory, learning and other cognitive functions

How Long Does Dexedrine Stay in Your System?
Estimating how long Dexedrine is detectable in the body depends on many variables, including which kind drug test is being used.

Is It Safe to Drink Alcohol If I Have Diabetes?
Some people who have diabetes can safely drink moderate amounts of alcohol, but for others any amount can have very negative health consequences.

Alcoholism
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Anniversary Medallions - Sobriety Chips
Clipart versions of Alcoholics Anonymous anniversary medallions and sobriety chips.

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How Long Does Robitussin A-C Stay in Your System?
How long Robitussin A-C is detectable in the body depends on several variables, including which kind drug tests are being used.

How Long Does Norco Stay in Your System?
If you suspect that someone has taken an overdose of Norco, a combination of acetaminophen and hydrocodone, call 9-1-1 immediately.

How Long Does Mescaline Stay in Your System?
Several factors are involved in determining how long mescaline is detectable in the body, including which kind of drug test is being used.