Alternative Religions Sitemap - Page 1 2016-09-26

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Geometric Shapes and their Meanings - Symbol Meanings
Because basic geometric shapes are so simplistic in construction, they are found all over the world with a wide variety of uses and meanings. However, there are a variety of meanings that are more commonly ascribed to these shapes, particular when used in a religious or magical context.

Triangles and their Meanings - Symbol Meanings
In Western society, the triangle most often has highly Christian meanings when used in a religious context. Because the Christian God is a trinity - Father, Son and Holy Ghost united in a single godhead – he is commonly represented by a triangle. As a three-sided polygon, the triangle represents the number three, which is meaningful to many groups. As such, triangles and other symbols made of three parts may be used to present such concepts as past, present, and future or spirit, mind and body. Page 3.

Heptagrams and Septagrams
Seven-pointed stars are known as heptagrams or septagrams. There are two different configurations for heptagrams, the acute heptagram, shown here, and the obtuse heptagram. In addition, the heptagon – a seven-sided polygon – can also represent the same things as a heptagram. Page 7.

Heptagrams and Septagrams - Obtuse Heptagrams
Seven-pointed stars are known as heptagrams or septagrams. There are two different configurations for heptagrams, the obtuse heptagram, shown here, and the acute heptagram. In addition, the heptagon – a seven-sided polygon – can also represent the same things as a heptagram. Page 8.

Hexagram - Star of David - Geometric Shapes and their Meanings
The six pointed star, the hexagram, has shown up in multiple cultures over thousands of years, bearing a variety of different meanings. Most commonly associated today with Judaism, it certainly has other applications and meanings. Page 10.

Unicursal Hexagram - Geometric Shapes and their Meanings
The unicursal hexagram is a specific form of the six pointed star that does not require the pen to be lifted from the paper. It is most commonly associated with the religion of Thelema. Page 11.

Octagram - Geometric Shapes and their Meanings
Uses and meanings of octagrams in religion and culture.

Geometric Shapes and their Meanings - Nine-Pointed Stars - The Baha'i Symbol
Because basic geometric shapes are so simplistic in construction, they are found all over the world with a wide variety of uses and meanings. However, there are a variety of meanings that are more commonly ascribed to these shapes, particular when used in a religious or magical context. Here, the Baha'i use a particular form of nine-pointed star. Page 14.

Geometric Shapes and their Meanings - Symbol Meanings
Because basic geometric shapes are so simplistic in construction, they are found all over the world with a wide variety of uses and meanings. However, there are a variety of meanings that are more commonly ascribed to these shapes, particular when used in a religious or magical context. Page 12.

Geometric Shapes and their Meanings - Enneagram
Because basic geometric shapes are so simplistic in construction, they are found all over the world with a wide variety of uses and meanings. However, there are a variety of meanings that are more commonly ascribed to these shapes, particular when used in a religious or magical context. Here we address the enneagram. Page 13.

Geometric Shapes and their Meanings - Spirals
Because basic geometric shapes are so simplistic in construction, they are found all over the world with a wide variety of uses and meanings. However, there are a variety of meanings that are more commonly ascribed to these shapes, particular when used in a religious or magical context. Here we discuss spirals. Page 2.

Geometric Shapes and their Meanings - Decagram
Because basic geometric shapes are so simplistic in construction, they are found all over the world with a wide variety of uses and meanings. However, there are a variety of meanings that are more commonly ascribed to these shapes, particular when used in a religious or magical context. Here we depict a decagram. Page 15.

Geometric Shapes and their Meanings - Dodekagram with hexagons
Because basic geometric shapes are so simplistic in construction, they are found all over the world with a wide variety of uses and meanings. However, there are a variety of meanings that are more commonly ascribed to these shapes, particular when used in a religious or magical context. Here we discuss the dodekagon, the polygon version of the dodekagram, a 12-sided star. Page 17.

Geometric Shapes and their Meanings - Dodekagrams
Because basic geometric shapes are so simplistic in construction, they are found all over the world with a wide variety of uses and meanings. However, there are a variety of meanings that are more commonly ascribed to these shapes, particular when used in a religious or magical context. Here we discuss the 12-sided dodekagram. Page 16.

Geometric Shapes and their Meanings - Symbol Meanings
Because basic geometric shapes are so simplistic in construction, they are found all over the world with a wide variety of uses and meanings. However, there are a variety of meanings that are more commonly ascribed to these shapes, particular when used in a religious or magical context.

Geometric Shapes and their Meanings - Squares
Because basic geometric shapes are so simplistic in construction, they are found all over the world with a wide variety of uses and meanings. However, there are a variety of meanings that are more commonly ascribed to these shapes, particular when used in a religious or magical context. Here we address the square. Page 5.

Alternative Religions: History, Culture, and More
Learn more about the world’s non-mainstream religions and their alternative beliefs, rituals, ethics, and common controversies and misconceptions.

Greco-Egyptian Ouroboros Image - All is One
This particular depiction of the ouroboros comes from the Chrysopoeia (

Egyptian Ouroboros Image - Papyrus of Dama Heroub
The papyrus of Dama Heroub potentially contains the oldest depiction of an ouroboros - a serpent eating it's own tail. It dates from the 21st dynasty in Egypt, making it more than 3000 years old. Page 2.

Ouroboros Gallery - Images of Serpent Eating Its Tail
The ouroboros is a snake or dragon (often described as a

Eliphas Levi's Great Symbol of Solomon - Ouroboros Images
This illustration comes from Eliphas Levi's 19th century publication Transcendental Magic. In it, he describes it as:

Ouroboros Images - Alchemical Ouroboros
The ouroboros is a snake or dragon (often described as a

Double Ouroboros by Abraham Eleazar - The Book of Abraham the Jew - Uraltes Chymisches Werck von Abraham Eleazar
This image appears in a book titled Uraltes Chymisches Werck von Abraham Eleazar, or the Age Old Chemical Work of Abraham Eleazar. It is also known as the Book of Abraham the Jew. It was published in the 18th century but claimed to be a copy of a much older document. The real author of the book is unknown. Page 6.

Double Ouroboros Image - Ouroboros from Abraham Eleazar
This image appears in a book titled Uraltes Chymisches Werck von Abraham Eleazar, or the Age Old Chemical Work of Abraham Eleazar. It is also known as the Book of Abraham the Jew. It was published in the 18th century but claimed to be a copy of a much older document. The real author of the book is unknown. Page 8.

Ouroboros Image - Ouroboros of Abraham Eleazar
This image appears in a book titled Uraltes Chymisches Werck von Abraham Eleazar, or the Age Old Chemical Work of Abraham Eleazar. It is also known as the Book of Abraham the Jew. It was published in the 18th century but claimed to be a copy of a much older document. The real author of the book is unknown. Page 7.

Modern Ouroboros Image
The ouroboros is a snake or dragon (often described as a

Jupiter Magic Square - Magic Square of Jupiter - Jovial Numbers
In the Western Occult Tradition, each planet has traditionally been associated with a series of numbers and particular organizations of those numbers. One such method of numerological arrangement is the magic square. Page 2.

Mars Magic Square - Magic Square of Mars - Martian Numbers
In the Western Occult Tradition, each planet has traditionally been associated with a series of numbers and particular organizations of those numbers. One such method of numerological arrangement is the magic square. Page 3.

Mercury Magic Square - Magic Square of Mercury - Mercurial Numbers
In the Western Occult Tradition, each planet has traditionally been associated with a series of numbers and particular organizations of those numbers. One such method of numerological arrangement is the magic square. Page 6.

Saturn Magic Square - Magic Square of Saturn - Saturnine Numbers
In the Western Occult Tradition, each planet has traditionally been associated with a series of numbers and particular organizations of those numbers. One such method of numerological arrangement is the magic square.

Moon Magic Square - Magic Square of The Moon - Lunar Numbers
In the Western Occult Tradition, each planet has traditionally been associated with a series of numbers and particular organizations of those numbers. One such method of numerological arrangement is the magic square. Page 7.

Venus Magic Square - Magic Square of Venus - Venusian Numbers
In the Western Occult Tradition, each planet has traditionally been associated with a series of numbers and particular organizations of those numbers. One such method of numerological arrangement is the magic square. Page 5.

Solar Magic Square - Magic Square of the Sun - Solar Numbers
In the Western Occult Tradition, each planet has traditionally been associated with a series of numbers and particular organizations of those numbers. One such method of numerological arrangement is the magic square. Page 4.

Satanic Church - Eleven Rules of the Earth
Anton LaVey compiled the Eleven Satanic Rules of the Earth in 1967, two years before the publication of the Satanic Bible. It was originally meant for circulation only among members of the Church of Satan as it was considered

Satanic Views of Life and Death
LaVeyan Satanists accept no beliefs in an afterlife. Each person comes into existence at birth and disappears at death. The period in-between – one lifetime – is the sum total of existence. Life is therefore something to be enjoyed to its fullest. Satanists are encouraged to embrace whatever it is that they enjoy, living full, sensual, self-indulgent lives.

Rules and Sins in Satanism
Codes of conduct can vary tremendously from one religion to another. Sometimes they are rigid codes which members are expected to follow. Others are much more nebulous and personal. The rules of the Church of Satan are examples of the latter, and their list of sins is viewed quite differently than Christianity looks at sins.

Why Satanism Does Not Teach "Anything Goes"
Just because Satanists are avowed hedonists does not mean they teach you can do whatever you want without repercussion. Indeed, they don't even teach that everything you do is ethically permissible. Satanism is not simply a license to resist authority and social norms. It's a fully developed philosophy.

Facts on "Human Sacrifice" in LaVeyan Satanism
The concept of human sacrifice is one of the more abhorrent facets of religion in the minds of most of us. Historically, minority groups have been repeatedly accused of it. Today, it is a common rumor about Satanism. Not only is that concept totally false, multiple aspects of Satanic teaching are completely contrary to the notion of human sacrifice.

The Jedi Code - Alternate Religions and Jedi Spirituality
The Jedi Code is a basic set of beliefs held in common by most modern Jedi. While based on works of fiction, followers find practical and spiritual meaning in its words.

The Rosy or Rose Cross - Occult Symbols
The Rosy Cross or Rose Cross, a complex symbol used by a variety of modern occult groups to represent a vast and complex array of meanings.

Satanic Infernal Names - The Infernal Names And Crown Princes of Hell
While LaVeyan Satanists are atheists, the Satanic Bible does list 78

Coptic Cross
Modern Coptic crosses often bear little resemblance to older ones, but there was a time when Coptic crosses obviously drew upon the imagery of the Egyptian ankh symbol, and some Coptic groups continue to employ ankhs among their symbolism today.

Logo of Science of Mind
The most commonly used symbol among Science of Mind organizations is based on a diagram drawn by founder Ernest Holmes to explain his basic concepts about how the mind interacts with the wider world.

Baphomet - The Goat of Mendes
Deciphering Eliphas Levi's Baphomet of Mendes, a popular 19th century occult image still used by a variety of occult traditions today.

Union of Spirit and Matter - Robert Fludd Occult Illustrations
Renaissance occultist Robert Fludd illustrates the relationship between spirit and matter as well as correspondences based on the tetragrammaton. Page 5.

Microcosm and Macrocosm - Robert Fludd Occult Illustrations
Renaissance occult writer Robert Fludd illustrates the basic correspondences between the macrocosm of the three realms and the microcosm of the human body. Page 6.

Robert Fludd's Spiral Cosmology - Intermediary Steps Between Matter and Spirit
Neoplatonists hold that spiritual knowledge and improvement must be done in steps. The universe was seen as a series of graduating levels in which inner layers were primarily matter and outer layers were primarily matter. Page 8.

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Fludd's Cosmology - The Soul of the World
This illustration from 1617 by Robert Fludd reflects the common earth-centric cosmology of the time and the cosmology that strongly influenced contemporary occult thought. Besides dividing the universe into three realms, this illustration also includes the concept of the World Soul, which assists in the ordering of the universe. Page 4.

The Rosy Cross - The Rose Cross - Occult Symbols
The Rosy Cross or Rose Cross, a complex symbol used by a variety of modern occult groups to represent a vast and complex array of meanings. Page 2.

The Tetragrammaton - YHWH - JHWH - The Unpronounceable Name of God
The tetragrammaton is the four-letter name of God, considered by many to be too holy to verbally pronounce. It is commonly used to represent God in occult illustrations. Page 3.

Planetary Magic Squares - Planetary Numerology
In the Western Occult Tradition, each planet has traditionally been associated with a series of numbers and particular organizations of those numbers. One such method of numerological arrangement is the magic square.

Wadjet Eye - Egyptian Symbol Gallery
While Egyptian pagan religion died out 2000 years ago, the use of its symbols have remained, showing up in a wide variety of contexts, including modern paganism, Coptic Christianity, and fiction, particularly supernatural fiction. Page 14.

Alchemical Pictures: the Red King, White Queen and the Rebis
Alchemy is rich with imagery, allegory and symbolism. The uniting of opposites is often represented by the Red King and White Queen, with the result being the two-headed Rebis. Page 2.

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Alternative Religious Symbols Gallery
A quick guide to symbols associated with a variety of alternative religions, organized by religious group. The collection includes symbols from the Baha'i Faith, Zoroastrianism, the occult, Vodou (or Voodoo) and alchemy.

Alternative Religious Symbols Gallery
A quick guide to symbols associated with a variety of alternative religions, organized by religious group. The collection includes symbols from the Baha'i Faith, Zoroastrianism, the occult, Vodou (or Voodoo) and alchemy.

Ankhs, Was Staves, and Coptic Cross - Egyptian Symbol Gallery
An example of ankhs and was staves depicted together i a decorative motif. Above it, a Coptic cross has been superimposed on the older column as an ancient temple was converted into a Christian church. Page 5.

Djed Column - Egyptian Symbol Gallery
The djed column is a symbol that appears repeatedly in ancient Egyptian artwork, often in concert with the ankh and the was staff. It was often associated with Osiris. Page 4.

Aleister Crowley with Eye of Horus - Egyptian Symbol Gallery
While Egyptian pagan religion died out 2000 years ago, the use of its symbols have remained, showing up in a wide variety of contexts, including modern paganism, Coptic Christianity, and fiction, particularly supernatural fiction. Page 8.

American Coptic Website Ankh - Egyptian Symbol Gallery
While Egyptian pagan religion died out 2000 years ago, the use of its symbols have remained, showing up in a wide variety of contexts, including modern paganism, Coptic Christianity, and fiction, particularly supernatural fiction. Page 11.

Confessions of Aleister Crowley's Eye of Horus - Egyptian Symbol Gallery
While Egyptian pagan religion died out 2000 years ago, the use of its symbols have remained, showing up in a wide variety of contexts, including modern paganism, Coptic Christianity, and fiction, particularly supernatural fiction. Page 7.

Eye of Horus within Triangle - Egyptian Symbol Gallery
The Eye of Horus is an ancient symbol originating in Egypt. However, in modern times it has evolved into a similar symbol set within a triangle. Page 6.

Modern Coptic Cross - Egyptian Symbol Gallery
While Egyptian pagan religion died out 2000 years ago, the use of its symbols have remained, showing up in a wide variety of contexts, including modern paganism, Coptic Christianity, and fiction, particularly supernatural fiction. Page 10.

Coptic Cross - Egyptian Symbol Gallery
While Egyptian pagan religion died out 2000 years ago, the use of its symbols have remained, showing up in a wide variety of contexts, including modern paganism, Coptic Christianity, and fiction, particularly supernatural fiction. Page 9.

United Copt of Great Britain Logo with Ankh - Egyptian Symbol Gallery
While Egyptian pagan religion died out 2000 years ago, the use of its symbols have remained, showing up in a wide variety of contexts, including modern paganism, Coptic Christianity, and fiction, particularly supernatural fiction. Page 12.

Eye of Ra - Egyptian Symbol Gallery
While Egyptian pagan religion died out 2000 years ago, the use of its symbols have remained, showing up in a wide variety of contexts, including modern paganism, Coptic Christianity, and fiction, particularly supernatural fiction. Page 13.

Astrological Symbols - Planets and Zodiac Constellations - Occult Images
Alchemists, occultists, and astrologers commonly used symbols to represent both things in the night sky and the materials on Earth that each celestial body governed and influences.

Hieroglyphic Monad - John Dee's Monas Hieroglyphica
This symbol was created by John Dee and described in the Monas Hieroglyphica, or Hieroglyphic Monad, in 1564. The symbol is intended to represent the reality of the monad, a singular entity from which all material things are said to derive. Page 11.

Agwe Veve - Voudoun Symbols - Voodoo Symbols
Agwe is a Voodoo water spirit, and is of particular interest to seafaring people such as fishermen. As such, his veve represents a boat. When he arrives in possession of a performer, he is met with wet sponges and towels to keep him cool and moist while on land during the ceremony. Care has to be taken to keep the possessed from jumping into the water, which is where Agwe prefers to be.

Damballah-Wedo Veve - Voudoun Symbols - Voodoo Symbols
Damballah-Wedo is depicted as a serpent or snake. His veves reflect this aspect of him. When he possesses a human, he does not speak but instead only hisses and whistles. Page 2.

Ogoun Veve - Voudoun Symbols - Voodoo Symbols
Ogoun was originally associated with fire, blacksmithing and metalworking. His focus has transformed over the years to include power, warriors, and politics. He particularly likes the machete, which is a common offering in preparation of a possession, and machetes are sometimes featured in his veves. Page 4.

Damballah-Wedo - Voodoo Symbols - Vodou Veves - Symbols of Vodou
Damballah-Wedo is depicted as a serpent or snake. His veves reflect this aspect of him. When he possesses a human, he does not speak but instead only hisses and whistles. Page 6.

Papa Legba - Voodoo Symbols - Vodou Veves - Symbols of Vodou
Legba is the gatekeeper to the spirit world, Vilokan. Rituals begin with a prayer to Legba to open those gates so that participants can gain access to the other lwas. Legba is also strongly associated with the sun and is seen as a life-giver, transferring the power of Bondye to the material world and all that lives within it. This further strengthens his role as the bridge between realms. Page 7.

Papa Legba - Voodoo Symbols - Vodou Veves - Symbols of Vodou
Legba is the gatekeeper to the spirit world. Rituals begin with a prayer to Legba to open those gates so that participants can gain access to the other lwas. The veves of these other lwas are often drawn intersecting the branches of Legba's veve to represent this. Page 8.

Gran Bwa - Voodoo Symbols - Vodou Veves - Symbols of Vodou
Gran Bwa means

Sigillum Dei Aemeth - Sigil of Ameth
The Sigillum Dei Aemeth, or Seal of the Truth of God, is most widely known through the writings and artifacts of John Dee, a 16th century occultist and astrologer in the court of Elizabeth I. While the sigil does appear in older texts of which Dee was probably familiar, he was not happy with them and ultimately gained guidance from angels to construct his version. Page 9.

Tree of Life - Ten Sephirot of Kabbalah - Etz Chaim - Kabbalah Tree of Life
The Tree of Life, called the Etz Chaim in Hebrew, is a common visual depiction of the ten sephirot of Kabbalah. Each sephirot represents an attribute of God through which he manifests his will. The Tree of Life does not represent a single, cleanly definable system. It can be applied to the formation and existence of both the physical world and metaphysical worlds, as well as to one's own soul, state of being, or understanding. Page 10.

Astrological Symbol of Earth - Planets and Zodiac Constellations - Occult Images
Alchemists, occultists, and astrologers commonly used symbols to represent both things in the night sky and the materials on Earth that each celestial body governed and influences. Page 11.

Ankh
While Egyptian pagan religion died out 2000 years ago, the use of its symbols have remained, showing up in a wide variety of contexts, including modern paganism, Coptic Christianity, and fiction, particularly supernatural fiction.

Eye of Horus - Egyptian Symbol Gallery
The Eye of Horus was a prominent symbol in ancient Egypt where it originated, but it also continues to be popular with various neopagans, new agers, occultists, and even those simply fascinated by Egyptian art and culture. Page 3.

Was - Egyptian Symbol Gallery
The was symbol is an ancient Egyptian glyph representing a ceremonial staff. Page 2.

Egyptian Symbol Gallery
While Egyptian pagan religion died out 2000 years ago, the use of its symbols have remained, showing up in a wide variety of contexts, including modern paganism, Coptic Christianity, and fiction, particularly supernatural fiction.

Egyptian Symbol Gallery
While Egyptian pagan religion died out 2000 years ago, the use of its symbols have remained, showing up in a wide variety of contexts, including modern paganism, Coptic Christianity, and fiction, particularly supernatural fiction.

Circles and Symbols - Meanings of Circles
Circles commonly represent unity, wholeness, and infinity. Without beginning or end, without sides or corners, the circle is also associated with the number one.

Cross Shapes and their Meanings - Symbol Meanings
The cross is most well known in its Christian context as a symbol of sacrifice and salvation in reference to Jesus's death by crucifixion upon a cross. However, the cross has numerous other religious meanings as well, most of which have to do with being groups of four, corresponding to the four points on the cross. Page 4.

Pentagram - Five-Pointed Star - The Pentalpha
The five-pointed star, also commonly called a pentagram, has been in use for thousands of years by a variety of cultures. Most uses of the pentagram in Western society today descend from Western occult traditions. Page 6.

Heptagram Correspondences - Days and Planets
The heptagram can represent the seven days of the week. In Judeo-Christian context, it can therefore be a symbol of completion, as the universe was wholly created within the seven-day week.In addition, the each day of the week is associated with one of the planets. Page 9.

Common Symbols in the Occult
Symbols commonly associated with occult beliefs, particularly Western occult beliefs. Occult principles are almost by definition impossible to directly explain with words. As such, occultists regularly employ graphic symbols as well as allegory to communicate beliefs to others.

Baphomet Pentagram - Symbol of the Church of Satan
The Baphomet Pentagram is the official, copyrighted symbol of the Church of Satan. While similar images existed previous to the Church, which didn't form until 1966, this precise image is of relatively new construction. It is featured here with the Church's permission. Page 2.

Tetragrammaton Pentagram - Eliphas Levi Pentagram Image
19th century occultist Eliphas Levi constructed this pentagram. It is commonly interpreted as a symbol of mankind, as many pentagrams are. However, it is a symbol of many things that unite in the existence of mankind, as is evidence by the variety of additional symbols involved. Page 3.

Pentagram - Five-Pointed Star - The Pentalpha
Alternative Religions.

Images and Meaning of Pentagrams
The pentagram, or five-pointed star, has been in existence for thousands of years. Over that time, it has had many meanings, uses, and depictions associated with it.

Samael Lilith Pentagram Image
Stanislas de Guaita first published this pentagram in La Clef de la Magie Noire in 1897. It is the first known appearance of the pentagram and goat-head combination and is the primary influence on the Baphomet Pentagram, the official symbol of the modern Church of Satan. Page 4.

Pentagram - Agrippa's Pentagram - Human Figure in Pentagram
Henry Cornelius Agrippa's illustration of a man within a pentagram labeled with astrological symbols. It is part of a series of drawings produced by Agrippa depicting the human figure as microcosm, a miniature representation of the wider macrocosm. Page 5.

Ugieia Pentagram Symbol - Pentagram With Greek Letters, Pythagorean Pentagram
The Pythagoreans used a point-down pentagram symbol to represent themselves, and it was used as an amulet of health by the Greeks. Page 6.

Lightning Pentagram - Satanic Pentagram Symbol
Some Satanists, particularly theistic Satanists, use the lightning bolt pentagram. It represents power and life-force descending from Satan into matter. Page 7.

Pentagram as Wounds of Christ - Valeriano Bolzani's Pentagram
The pentagram is commonly associated with the human form. However, it sometimes is associated specifically with the five wounds of Christ: his punctured hands and feet, plus the puncture in his side by the soldier's spear. This concept is reflected in a 16th century image created by Valeriano Balzani in his Hieroglyphica. Page 8.

Pentagram and Triangle Symbol - 3rd Degree Wiccan Pentagram
This figure is used exclusively by Traditional Wiccans using a 3-degree system of elevations. This symbol represents elevation to the 3rd degree, which is the highest rank attainable. Page 11.

Gardnerian Pentacle - Gardnerian Pentagram - Traditional Wiccan Pentagram Symbol
The Gardnerian pentacle is a circular disk bearing seven symbols, many of which only have meaning within traditional Wiccan coven structures. Page 10.

Haykal - Baha'i Five Pointed Star Symbol - Baha'i Pentagram
While the nine-pointed star is the symbol most commonly associated with the Baha'i today, it is the haykal - a five pointed star - that Shoghi Effendi declared as the official symbol of the Baha'i faith. Page 9.

Planetary Seal of Jupiter
In the Western occult tradition, each planet can be represented by a seal or diagram. The seal is based off of the planet's magic square, with the seal theoretically touching every number within the square, although in practice that is not always apparently the case. Page 2.

Planetary Seal of Mars
In the Western occult tradition, each planet can be represented by a seal or diagram. The seal is based off of the planet's magic square, with the seal theoretically touching every number within the square, although in practice that is not always apparently the case. Page 3.

Planetary Seal of Mercury
In the Western occult tradition, each planet can be represented by a seal or diagram. The seal is based off of the planet's magic square, with the seal theoretically touching every number within the square, although in practice that is not always apparently the case. Page 6.

Planetary Seal of Saturn
In the Western occult tradition, each planet can be represented by a seal or diagram. The seal is based off of the planet's magic square, with the seal theoretically touching every number within the square, although in practice that is not always apparently the case.

Planetary Seal of The Moon
In the Western occult tradition, each planet can be represented by a seal or diagram. The seal is based off of the planet's magic square, with the seal theoretically touching every number within the square, although in practice that is not always apparently the case. Page 7.

Planetary Seal of The Sun
In the Western occult tradition, each planet can be represented by a seal or diagram. The seal is based off of the planet's magic square, with the seal theoretically touching every number within the square, although in practice that is not always apparently the case. Page 4.

Planetary Seal of Venus
In the Western occult tradition, each planet can be represented by a seal or diagram. The seal is based off of the planet's magic square, with the seal theoretically touching every number within the square, although in practice that is not always apparently the case. Page 5.

Occult Planetary Diagrams
In the Western occult tradition, each planet can be represented by a seal or diagram. The seal is based off of the planet's magic square, with the seal theoretically touching every number within the square, although in practice that is not always apparently the case.

Ogoun Veve - Voudoun Symbols - Voodoo Symbols
Ogoun was originally associated with fire, blacksmithing and metalworking. His focus has transformed over the years to include power, warriors, and politics. He particularly likes the machete, which is a common offering in preparation of a possession, and machetes are sometimes featured in his veves. Page 3.

Loa Possession Symbols in Voodoo
Vodou religious practices commonly include appealing to the lwa, or spirits, and inviting them to temporarily take possession of human bodies. Vodou symbols known as veves are employed when appealing to the lwa, with each lwa having its own veve.

Jupiter Occult Correspondences
Common occult correspondences for Jupiter, as recorded by Henry Cornelius Agrippa in his Three Books of Occult Philosophy, whose works are commonly referenced and reproduced.

Manifestations of God in the Baha’i Faith
In the Baha'i Faith, God is not directly knowable. Instead, he periodically sends manifestations of himself to work as intermediaries, communicating his expectations to humanity.

Saturn Occult Correspondences
Common occult correspondences for Saturn, as recorded by Henry Cornelius Agrippa in his Three Books of Occult Philosophy, whose works are commonly referenced and reproduced.

Proselytizing – Why Don't Some Religions Proselytize?
While people generally consider their religion a good aspect of their life, many do not feel a need to introduce others to it. While they may be open to teaching outsiders who seek them out, they frequently will not seek out potential new converts.

Rastafari Books - Rasta Books - Rastafarian Texts
While Rastafari is heavily influenced by Judeo-Christian beliefs, it developed largely as a racial movement among the blacks of Jamaica which looked to Africa and Ethiopia as the Promised Land. As such, the texts commonly embraced by Rastas look to Ethiopian culture and other Afrocentric works.

Alternative Religious Symbols - Images Used in Alternative Religions
Religions commonly communicate ideas through the use of symbols. Symbols can be quickly used to identify a person's faith or a location's purpose. Browse the vast array of symbols associated with a variety of alternative religions.

Egyptian Symbols - Historical and Modern Uses
Two thousand years after their culture collapsed, ancient Egyptians continue to influence modern culture in a number of ways, including through the continued popularity of their symbols.

Nazi Symbols And their Origins
While the Nazi party was not an inherently religious movement, there were symbols used within it that had been borrowed from a variety of religious and cultural sources. Much of this had to do with the Nazi ideology that embraced the Germanic people as the master race.

Eye of Horus (Wadjet) - Egyptian Symbol Meaning
The Eye of Horus symbol originates in Egypt but appears in a variety of more modern contexts, particularly within neopagan, new age, and occult circles.

Ankh - Ancient Egyptian Symbol Meaning
The ankh symbol originated in Egypt more than 4000 years ago. Besides being an artistic symbol, it also appears in hieroglyphs, where it means eternal life.

Who Is Overlord Xenu? - Scientology's Creation Myth
Scientologists are reticent to publicly discuss or even acknowledge the existence of Xenu. Learn about Scientology's vision of creation.

How Luciferians Differ From Satanists
While Luciferians and Satanists both employ terms commonly associated with the Devil, they are not the same.

The Nine Satanic Sins - Beliefs of the Church of Satan
While the Church of Satan encourages individuality and the gratification of desires, it does not suggest that all actions are acceptable.

Zoroastrian Holidays and Festivals
Zoroastrians celebrate a variety of holidays celebrating solar events, dedicated to particular spirits and marking historic events.

Zodiac Signs and the Four Elements Meaning
The twelve zodiac signs were divided up among the four elements as early as the Renaissance, with three signs associated with each element.

Rastafari Religion - Basic Beliefs and Practices
Rastafari is an Abrahamic new religious movement that accepts Haile Selassie I, the Ethiopian emperor from 1930 to 1974 as God incarnate.

Why do Rastas Smoke Ganja and Wear Dreadlocks?
The smoking of ganja and the wearing of dreadlocks are two of the most known things about Rastas. Each has specific meaning and purpose.

What Do Spirals Mean in Religion and Spirituality?
Spirals have a long history, dating back to neolithic times, that influences the way people way see spirals in religious and spiritual contexts today.

Deism Definition and Basic Beliefs
Deism is not a religion but rather a perspective on the nature of God. There are a variety of common religious beliefs that deists do not accept.

What Are Voodoo Dolls and Are They Real?
Popular culture depicts the. Alternative Religions.

The Hexagram Symbol: Star of David and Other Examples
The hexagram has possessed a variety of meanings over the last several thousand years. It shows up in Hindu artwork, occult works, Kabbalistic sources, and it is the modern symbol of the Jewish faith. There are two forms of the hexagram. The first is of two interlocking triangles. The second is a unicursal figure.

The Orishas – Orunla, Osain, Oshun, Oya, and Yemaya
The orishas are the gods of Santeria. here we discuss Orunla, Osain, Oshun, Oya and Yemaya.

Alternative Religions Mythological Figures
Religions commonly (although not always) teach of individuals and beings who do not exist in the historical record. The most common form of mythological figures are divine beings whom followers honor and worship. Other forms certainly exist, such as aliens who have influenced humanity in some way.

Mythology of African Diaspora Religions
Gods and spirits addressed in African Diaspora religions such as Santeria and Vodou.

New Religions are Appealing to Many People
New religions are constantly developing, and sizable numbers of people are converting from older, more traditional religions to these new faiths. Explore the reasons for this trend and what makes these new religious movements attractive to many.

Different Beliefs and Types of Religion
Religions can be broken down into a number of broad categories based on general purposes and views of divinity. Here is a brief overview of some of these categories and how they are used in other articles on the Alternative Religion Guide Site.

Orthopraxy vs. Orthodoxy
Religions are generally defined by one of two things: belief or practice, or the concepts of orthodoxy and orthopraxy.

Folk Magic Definition and History
Today, many people speak of magical and religious beliefs as intertwined. In order to sort out what is what, here is an overview of one particular type of magic: folk magic. This is traditionally the magic of the common folk, and it is primarily a practical rather than spiritual practice, although it can certainly include religious components.

What Is Syncretism in Religion?
Syncretism is the process of combining multiple beliefs into one system. Sometimes the result is a completely new religion. Sometimes the result is one religion embracing new ideas or practices from another religion or the surrounding culture. All religions experience some degree of syncretism, but some religions intrinsically depend upon it for its foundational beliefs.

Alchemy as Metaphysical Philosophy
Alchemy is a term applied in many different contexts. In the West, it has a strong theological and philosophical component and is commonly labeled as occult. It is a metaphysical understanding of the world, interweaving the study of the physical world with understanding the spiritual one.

Reasons Behind Cult Suicides
The reality of mass suicide pacts within a small number of religious groups is the source of perhaps the greatest stigma facing new religions. The reality is terrifying, even though they are exceedingly rare. Why would any group think suicide to be the ultimate expression of faith?

Is Freemasonry a Religion? Occultism and the Freemasons
The Freemasons are a fraternal order dating back at least four centuries and have likely roots in medieval mason guilds. Questions abound today as to what exactly Freemasons do, believe, and expect from members, thanks in part to hoaxes, gossip, misunderstanding and a distrust of anything that offers even the notion of secrecy.

How Much Does Scientology Cost?
One of the central complaints of Scientology critics is the vast amount of money required for auditing procedures. How much money is really on the line, and is it money well spent?

Who is Satan? - Satanic Figures Across Multiple Religions
Satan appears within multiple belief systems. Unfortunately, there is a common presumption that all of these Satanic figures must indeed be the same being, despite the fact that each religion has its own very unique perspective and description of him.

Tarot Cards and How Tarot Readings Work
Tarot readings are a form of divination giving insight into the influences surrounding person or issue. The skill is seem by some as entirely personal, while others view it as a reflection of a universal consciousness or directed by particular gods or spirits.

Zoroastrian Funerals and Views of Death
Zoroastrians strive for purity in their lives, and death is considered the one of the ultimate corrupting influences.

Why Is the Occult So Associated With Satanism?
For many people, the word occult is practically synonymous with Satanism. Not only is that a relatively recent phenomena, but it's not grounded in any fact. While Satanists do often participate in occult practices, they are a tiny fraction of occultists. Learn how this misleading connection developed.

The Orishas – Aganyu, Babalu-Aye, Chango and Eleggua
Followers of Santeria honor a variety of beings known as orishas. Here we discuss Aganyu, Babalu-Aye, Chango and Eleggua.

The Orishas - Gods of Santeria
The orishas are the gods of Santeria, an African Diaspora religion that developed among the slaves of Cuba.

Jediism for Beginners
An introduction to Jedi Religion or Jediism, including basic beliefs and practices.

Introduction to Occultism and Western Occult Tradition
Rumor, conspiracy theories and Hollywood have created a very warped image of occult studies, leading many to use the word as synonymous with black magic and demon worship. In truth, the occult is something both much more general and much less inherently threatening. The word literally means

An Introduction to the Raelian Movement for Beginners
An introduction to the new religious movement and atheistic religion, including origins, basic beliefs and practices.

An Introduction to LaVeyan Satanism and the Church of Satan
An introduction to LaVeyan Satanism, including basic beliefs and practices.

72 Names of God - Uses of Names Derived From the Torah
The Kabbalah Centre has popularized the concept of the 72 Names of God, each of which consist of three Hebrew letters. Believers sometimes wear specific names of God on their persons to gain the influence of whatever qualities are associated with that name. Other groups attribute the 72 names to angels and, less often, to demons. Together, the 72 names reveal the Shemhamforash, a 216-letter name of God.

Basic Teachings of the Jedi - Living With the Force
These concepts widely held among modern Jedi, although their expect presentations varies from source to source. These teachings address such things as nature of the Force, the Jedi worldview, and ethical behavior.

Satanism and Halloween
Addressing the modern connections between Satanism and Halloween in popular culture, which is largely divorced from the historical Halloween and its connections with Catholicism and folklore.

Is Halloween a Religious Holiday?
A variety of faiths claim Halloween as their own (or blame the celebration on someone else). Where does Halloween really come from?

Satanic Ritual Abuse - How Prevalent is Satanic Ritual Abuse?
Satanic Ritual Abuse, or SRA, is essentially a myth. While self-styled Satanists occasionally commit brutal crimes, these are the result of disturbed individuals whose beliefs often have little in common with mainline Satanists.

What Was the Satanic Panic of the 1980s?
The Satanic Panic was a time period roughly covering the 1980s when many people became growingly concerned about Satanic conspiracies spreading throughout the United States. People were particularly fearful that Satanists were targeting children both physically and psychologically, and they warned that unwary souls might fall under the sway of Satanic influences if they did not remain vigilant.

Faravahar - Winged Symbol of Zoroastrianism
The history and meaning of the Faravahar symbol, incorporating a human figure emerging from within a winged disk, now associated with Zoroastrianism as well as Persian culture.

Swastika Symbolism and History in Eastern Traditions
While the swastika is almost entirely associated in the West today with the Nazis, the symbol actually has a long history across the globe representing concepts very different from those given by the Nazis.

Octagrams - Eight-Pointed Stars
Octagrams – eight pointed stars – show up in a variety of different cultures, and modern users of the symbol borrow liberally from these sources.

Zoroastrianism for Beginners
An introduction to Zoroastrianism, including basic beliefs and practices.

What Is Gnosticism and Who Are the Gnostics?
Gnosticism refers to a very wide range of beliefs that is more a collection of beliefs than a relgion. There are two basic components, gnosis and dualism.

Vodou (Voodoo) Religion Basic Beliefs
Vodou (Also spelled Vodoun, Voodoo, and several other variants) is a syncretic religion combining Roman Catholicism and native African religion, particularly the religion of the Dahomey region of Africa (the modern day nation of Benin). It is primarily found in Haiti, New Orleans, and other locations within the Caribbean.

Shinto - Traditional Religion of Japan
Shinto, roughly meaning. Alternative Religions.

Peyote and the Native American Church
The Native American Church is a fusion of traditional Native American beliefs and Christianity. Central to its practices is the use of the drug peyote, which comes from a particular cactus plant.

Steps and Basic Processes in Alchemy
Understanding alchemy is incredibly complex because of its allegorical language. It is often described in terms of many different chemical processes, objects and materials. At its most basic, it is broken down into three stages: negredo, albedo, and rubedo.

Ital Cooking for Rastas
Ital cooking is a healthy approach to food that evolved out of the Rastafari Movement. It rejects a variety of things considered impure or unhealthy including preservatives and artificial flavorings. Many also avoid oils and meat, focusing on fruits and vegetables.

Sexuality in the Raelian Movement
The Raelians are known in part of their very public embracing of sexuality and denouncing those who attempt to stifle and control it. However, being open about sex does not make one a sex addict, despite some people's impression of the Raelians. how do Raelians really approach sex?

Science and Religion – Do they Conflict?
The conflict with certain religious groups over certain scientific subjects gives many the impression that religion and science inherently conflict, with many of this mindset being convinced that science has made religion irrelevant, and that religion is only for the ignorant.

Revealed Religion
Revealed religion is any religion dependent upon the revelations of a few to inform the many of spiritual truths. Judaism, Christianity and Islam are all revealed religions, but they are certainly not the only ones. Revealed religions generally accept the validity of prophets and the mediums through which revelations are communicated.

Axis Mundi in Alternative Religions
The axis mundi is a religion's concept of the center of the world and is a bridge between multiple realms, stretching from the physical world into the realms of spirits and gods. The religion itself in some way revolves around this point, stressing it in ritual and/or mythology.

Axis Mundi in Judeo-Christian Religions
The axis mundi is a central point within any given religion. Within the Judeo-Christian religions, the axis mundis are specific geographic locations, specifically the Temple Mount and Calvary in Jerusalem and the Kaaba in Mecca.

The Orishas – The Ibeyi, Inle, Obatala
Believers of Santeria honor a variety of beings known as orishas. here we discuss the Ibeyi, Inle, and Obatala.

Lucifer of the Luciferians
Luciferianism is a very individualistic approach to religion. Here are examples of two individual Luciferians' beliefs concerning Lucifer.

The Orishas – Obba, Ochosi, Oggun, and Oko
The orishas are the gods of Santeria. Here we discuss Obba, Ochosi, Oggun and Oko.

New Religious Movements and Why People are Suspicious
People are often suspicious of minority religions, in part because they are not familiar with them. New religious movements, this is, religions which have formed in the last 200 years or so, face particular scrutiny, both because they often look considerably different from traditional religions and also simply because they are new.

Fact, Fallacy or Hoax? - Religious Experience in Modern Religions
Religions bring with them a wealth of different spiritual experiences. The more inexplicable they are, however, the more people distrust them, despite the fact that religion is generally unprovable in any sort of objective, scientific way.

The Black Sun (Sonnenrad) - Symbols of the SS
The Black Sun design originates from a floor design at Wewelsburg Castle, which was renovated by Heinrich Himmler during the Third Reich. It draws influence from older Germanic symbols of similar design.

Luciferian Principles
The Order of the Luciferian Sword put together its summary of what it means to be a Luciferian.

Diversity in Modern Religion
The first in a series of articles on diversity and new religious movements, this article investigates the general influences which have encouraged Western culture to diversify religiously, particularly in the past several decades.

UFO Religions
Just people in previous times have colored their religious beliefs with their general understanding of the world, today we find modern concepts like aliens in modern religions.

Djed Column - Egyptian Symbol
The djed column is an ancient Egyptian symbol for stability. It was also included in yearly fertility and funerary rituals and was strongly connected with Osiris, god of fertility and the underworld.

Luciferian and Satanic Views of Christianity
While neither Satanists nor Luciferians follow the Biblical figures mentioned in their names, the choice of those names was very deliberate. To Satanists and Luciferians, Satan and Lucifer are symbols of enlightenment, rebellion and freedom, particularly against what they consider oppressive religious institutions, which most certainly includes Christianity.

Luciferian Principles
The Order of the Luciferian Sword put together its summary of what it means to be a Luciferian.

Luciferian Principles
The Order of the Luciferian Sword put together its summary of what it means to be a Luciferian.

African Diaspora Religions
When African slaves were brought to the New World, they brought their religions with them. Different tribes practices different religions, and slaves were sent to many different locations in the New World. As such, a variety of New World religions developed based on various aspects of tribal African religions and Catholicism, the primary religion of their keepers.

Is the Westboro Baptist Church a Cult?
The highly unpopular Westboro Baptist Church is sometimes labeled as a cult. Is that a reasonable description of this extreme Christian sect?

Types of Magic:Ceremonial,Folk,Witchcraft,Black and White
in a culture that primarily does not believe in magic, all magical beliefs are frequently grouped into a single pile and treated as if all followed a single coherent system, had the same goals, and attracted the same people. In fact, there's a wide variety of different magical practices in existence, and there can be some fundamental differences between them.

As Above, So Below


Scientology Controversies And Misconceptions
A list of common controversies and misconceptions that have plagued the Church of Scientology for decades, including Fair Game, Snow White, and the Fishman Affidavit.

Discordianism - Erisians - All Hall Eris!
Discordianism is a modern religion of chaos and irreverence. Some categorize it as a parody religion, although there are many adherents who draw some measure of meaning and philosophy from it's often deliberately ludicrous statements.

Gender and the Occult - Gender in Western Occultism
Associating specific traits with gender is a common practice across cultures, even if the traits themselves sometimes vary from culture to culture. Within Western occultism, concepts of gender are important in a wide variety of branches, with some qualities being considered male and others being considered female.

8 Poor Reasons to Become a Satanist 714
One ultimately joins a religion because they believe in that religion. That religion may certainly also be seen as able to help believers get through life. However, religions such as Satanism are often seen as quick cheats through life - a position serious Satanists absolutely reject. Here are some bad reasons to get involved in Satanism.

An Introduction to Baha'is and Faith for Beginners
An introduction to the Baha'i Faith, including basic beliefs and practices.

Alchemical Sulfur, Mercury and Salt
Western alchemy is highly allegorical, often describing spiritual processes in terms of chemical reactions and processes. The most central elements in western alchemy are mercury, sulfur, and salt.

Scientology - An Introduction to Scientology for Beginners
An introduction to Scientology, including basic beliefs and practices.

History of Deism
Deism is a religious movement that grew out of the Age of Enlightenment in Europe in the 18th century as an alternative to traditional Christianity.

Types of Satanism and their Beliefs
An overview on the types of Satanism and Luciferianism, including links to more information on these different forms.

How to be a Deist - Practicing Deism
It is sometimes difficult to understand how one practices a non-organized religion. Deism has no specific rituals precisely because none are necessary. How, then, is one actively a deist? How can deism influence a person's life?

Thelema - And Introduction to Thelema for Beginners
Thelema is a complicated set of magical, mystical and religious beliefs formed in the 20th century by Aleister Crowley. Thelemites might be anything from atheists to polytheists, viewing the involved beings as actual entities or primal archetypes. Today it is embraced by a variety of occult groups including the Ordo Templis Orientis (O.T.O.) and Argenteum Astrum (A:.A:.), the Order of the Silver Star.

Obligatory Prayers in the Baha'i Faith - Required Daily Prayers
The Baha'i Faith includes three obligatory prayers, although individuals may choose which of three they wish to perform in any 24-hour period.

Occult Correspondences - Correspondences in the Western Occult Tradition - Planetary Correspondences
Correspondences form an elaborate foundation for Western occult practices. The concept of higher realms influencing lower realms leads believers to surround themselves in items associated with the desired higher power, often associated most strongly with the seven planets of the ancient world.

Intermediaries In Religion
Religion is commonly about connecting people with the spiritual world. Sometimes this connection is direct. However, in many others specific people or objects are seen has helpful or even necessary to bridge the gap between the physical and spiritual worlds.

Ebbos in Santeria – Sacrifices and Offerings
Santeria involves a reciprocal relationship with the orishas. While believers approach the orishas for help, guidance and good will, they are also expected to give in return. Indeed, the orishas need such offerings in order to survive. As such, sacrifices and other offerings are central practices within Santeria.

Magic and Magick
Understand the use of the term

Are the Raelians A Dangerous Cult?
Are the Raelians a dangerous cult? The term cult is often applied to new religions because they have not yet stood the test of time and may also teach unorthodox ideas, just as traditional religions once did hundreds or thousands of years ago. See how the Raelian Movement stacks up against common indicators of dangerous cults.

Thetans in Scientology
According to Scientology, the thetan is the defining characteristic of a person. Rather than a person having a soul, and being of both soul and body, in Scientology a person is a thetan and that thetan has a body.

Demons and Devils from the Satanic Bible
The Satanic Bible published a lengthy list of

Ceremonial Magic - High Magic
Ceremonial magic is one of several types of magic, one based on complicated rituals and correspondences.

Demons and Devils from the Satanic Bible
The Satanic Bible published a lengthy list of

Purity and Fire in Zoroastrianism
Ritual purity is central to Zoroastrian practices. Of the six main purifying agents in Zoroastrianism, fire is by far the most potent and revered. Considerable effort is made to keep temple fires uncontaminated in order for them to bestow their purity upon others.

Tenrikyo - Japanese Religion
Tenrikyo is a monotheistic religion originating in Japan. Its central principle is striving for and embracing a state known as the Joyous Life, which is also the original and intended state of mankind. Founded in the 19th century, it is commonly considered a new religious movement.

Religions with Only One God
Monotheistic deities tend to much more closely resemble each other than do polytheistic deities, precisely because of the nature of monotheism requires they gods to be grand and all-encompassing. Many monotheists even accept that their monotheistic deity is the same deity that is being worshiped by monotheists of different religions.

Nature of God According to the Baha'i Faith - God's Nature as Absolute Reality
Like members of other monotheistic faiths, the Baha'is view God as omnipresent (in all places) and omnipotent (all-knowing). However, the specifics of his nature are considered beyond human understanding, and they attribute the varying depictions and descriptions of God among various religions to be the result of personal perspective and cultural influence.

Eckankar - What is Eckankar? - Introduction to Eckankar for Beginners
Eckankar means

Parody Religion
While most religions attempt to teach spiritual truth, parody religions deliberately embrace falsehoods, often to the point of ridiculous. The goal is not to fool listeners into believing that nonsense is truth, but rather it is to satirically criticize other religions or ideologies.

Ten Sephirot of Kabbalah, Tree of Life
The ten sephirot represent ten aspects of the divine will in Kababalah. They are commonly depicted in a diagram known as the Tree of Life. Interpretations of both the Tree and the sephirot can vary considerably between sources. Below on general associations for each sephirot.

Unverifiable Personal Gnosis - UPG
Unverifiable Personal Gnosis, or UPG, is an important part of understanding personal religious understandings, experiences, and revelations. This is particularly important to esoteric forms of religion, where the focus is on internal learning and experience rather than instruction via scripture or other authority.

Competing Definitions of the Word "Cult"
Use of the term cult can be highly complicated and problematic. Dictionary.com, for example, gives eight definitions of cult used as a noun.

Sigillum Dei Aemeth - Sigil of Ameth
The Sigillum Dei Aemeth, or Seal of the Truth of God, is most widely known through the writings and artifacts of John Dee, a 16th century occultist and astrologer in the court of Elizabeth I. While the sigil does appear in older texts of which Dee was probably familiar, he was not happy with them and ultimately gained guidance from angels to construct his version.

Evaluating Religions as Dangerous Cults
While. Alternative Religions.

Unitarian Universalist Symbol - Flaming Chalice - Symbol of Unitarian Universalism
The most common symbol of Unitarian Universalism (UU) is a flaming chalice within two circles. This symbol, and the components which make up the symbol, can represent different ideas to different people. This is a discussion of some common interpretations of it.

Kami - Shinto Gods and Spirits
Western texts on Shinto commonly translate kami as spirit or god. Neither term works well for the entirety of kami, which span a wide range of supernatural beings, from anthropomorphic

Who Was Zoroaster (Zarathushtra Spitama)?
The very early history of Zoroastrianism and it's founder, Zoroaster.

Bondye, the Good God - Vodou Deities
In Vodou, Bondye is the highest principle in the universe and is responsible for both the universal order and human activity. He is the wholeness of the human community and is the origin of all life, which ultimately belongs to him.

The Jedi Creed - A Code of Belief For Jedi
The Jedi Creed is a basic set of beliefs held in common by many modern Jedi. While based on works of fiction, followers find practical and spiritual meaning in its words.

Rada, Petro and Ghede Lwa in Vodou (Religion)
In New World Vodoun, the spirits (or lwa) with whom believers interact are divided into three main families, Rada, Petro, and Ghede. Lwa can be viewed as forces of nature, but they also have personalities and personal mythologies.

Scientology FAQ - Church of Scientology - Frequently Asked Questions
Scientology is becoming a common topic for news and rumor. Find answers to some of the most common questions about Scientology, particularly those related to news stories and criticisms of the religion.

What Is Auditing in Scientology?
Explore the basic principles behind the Scientology practice of auditing, including why members participate, expected results of the practice, and external criticisms of it.

How to Convert to Zoroastrianism
What options are open to a person, particularly a Westerner, who is interested in Zoroastrianism and the worship of Ahura Mazda?

Baha'i Principles - Main Goals of the Baha'i Faith - Ten Princples of the Baha'i Faith
In 1913, Abdu'l Baha set forth ten principles that were meant to lead to a better world for all. Although he credited the list to Baha'u'llah, founder of the faith, such a list does not exist in any of his writings and several of the ideas are entirely absent from his writings. Today, this list is widely used as a summary of Baha'i goals and outlooks on life.

Badi Calendar - Baha'i Calendar
Baha'is recognizes its own specific calendar, including different division of months and the placement of holidays that are particular to the Baha'i Faith.

Animal Sacrifice and Religion
A complete list of religions across the world that involve animal sacrifice would be impossible to compile, as it is still a part of a variety of indigenous practices. Here is a brief overview of some of the minority cultures found in the West that still perform animal sacrifices.

Satanic Figures in Other Religions - Beings Confused with Satan
Western culture has a tendency to describe unfamiliar things in familiar terms. One of the consequences of this in religion is a variety of entities being equated with Satan even though the native believers might never make such a comparison.

The Haft-Sin Table of Iranian Naw-Ruz Celebrations
The haft-sin table is a traditional component of Persian new year celebrations, commonly known as Naw-Ruz or Nowruz. This tradition is embraced by both Zoroastrians and Baha'is.

Naw-Ruz (Nowruz) – The Baha'i and Zoroastrian New Year
The Persian New Year is commonly celebrated by two distinct religious groups, the Baha'is and the Zoroastrians.

Types of Western Occult Practices
The following is a partial list of paths within the Western Occult Tradition. Many occultists follow practices involving aspects of multiple paths. This makes generalizing about the occult extremely difficult and is the reason I find it more helpful to describe individual occult paths.

Temple of the Jedi Order Symbol
Meaning behind the symbol of the Temple of the Jedi Order, one of many online resources for followers of Jedi religion.

Baha'i Persecution in Iran – Why Are Baha'is Persecuted?
Baha'is have faced persecution in Iran since their formation in the 19th century. The reasons are multiple and complex, involving both religion and politics.

Is Scientology a Cult? - Evaluating Dangerous Cults
Opponents of the Church of Scientology commonly label it as a dangerous cult. Let's see how it actually stacks up.

Aleister Crowley: Thelemic Prophet, Wickedest Man
A highly controversial figure in his own time, Aleister Crowley is now considered highly influential in occult circles. Besides being held as a prophet within the religion of Thelema, his numerous writings on magic and religion are still widely read.

Planetary Sigils and Symbols - Astrological Symbols
Occultists associate a number of symbols with the planets. These include astrological symbols, which are still in common use today. They also include numerological magic squares, complex seals constructed for those squares, and sigils of the spirits and intelligences associated with each planet.

Cults and Concerning Religious Practices
Many people encountering a new belief system are concerned about potentially dangerous beliefs or practices. News media, horror tales and other sources make us wary of

Questions About Satanism - Satanic Frequently Asked Questions - Satanic FAQ
For many, the term

Microcosm and Macrocosm - Robert Fludd Occult Illustrations
Renaissance occult writer Robert Fludd illustrates the basic correspondences between the macrocosm of the three realms and the microcosm of the human body.

Occult Articles - Kabbalah - Divination - Astrology - Magic - New Age
Read about the many branches of occult study, particularly that of the western occult tradition, which is the root of the majority of paths followed by occultists in the West today.

Fair Game in Scientology - What is Fair Game?
The Church of Scientology enacted the Fair Game policy in 1967, which stated that suppressive persons

Satanic Church Beliefs - Nine Satanic Statements
These statements are the opening words of the Satanic Bible, published in 1969 and written by Anton LaVey. They are basic principles guiding LaVeyan Satanists.

Death- What Do Scientologists Believe?
An overview of Scientology beliefs concerning what happens to us after we die and how they commonly reflect these beliefs through funeral services.

Hieroglyphic Monad - John Dee's Monas Hieroglyphica
Monas Hieroglyphica, Hieroglyphic Monad, John Dee, occultism, occultists, sigils, glyph,s images, symbols, esoteric, monad, western occult tradition, western esoteric tradition, western mystery tradition

Secret Knowledge in Religion – Why Do Some Religions Keep Secrets?
Secrecy is an inherent part of many religious traditions, and it sometimes causes others to be suspicious of them. Secrecy does not, however, necessarily mean that anything untoward is occurring. Rather, secrecy can be employed out of respect or as a protective measure.

The Zoroastrian Creed - A Daily Prayer And Declaration of Faith
A declaration of faith for Zoroastrians.

Baha'i Treatment of People - Prohibitions in the Baha'i Faith - Baha'i Rules of Personal Behavior
The Baha'i Faith offers a variety goals, values, requirements, and prohibitions that influence and direct the behavior of followers. Baha'u'llah himself, a Manifestation of God whose word is considered infallible, dictated prohibitions against a variety of behaviors toward other people.

Baha'i Prohibitions - Prohibitions in the Baha'i Faith
The Baha'i Faith offers a variety goals, values, requirements, and prohibitions that influence and direct the behavior of followers. Baha'u'llah himself, a Manifestation of God whose word is considered infallible, dictated prohibitions against a number of things.

New Religious Movement
Glossary definition of the term

Baha'i Marriage and Sexuality - Prohibitions
The Baha'i Faith offers a variety goals, values, requirements, and prohibitions that influence and direct the behavior of followers. Baha'u'llah himself, a Manifestation of God whose word is considered infallible, dictated prohibitions against the following things regarding marriage and sexuality.

Raelian Symbols - Hexagram and Galactic Swirl
Commonly used symbols by the Raelian Movement. Page 2.

Official Raelian Symbol - Hexagram and Swastika
Official symbol of the Raelian Movement.

Tibetan Book of the Dead Cover including Hexagram and Swastika Symbol
This image appears on the cover of some printings of the Tibetan Book of the Dead. While the book has no direct connection with the Raelian Movement, it is frequently referred to in discussions about the official symbol of the Raelian Movement. Page 3.

Eye of Providence Book Illustration, 1813
The Eye of Providence is a realistic eye depicted within a triangle, cloud, or burst of light and represents divine presence or approval. It has appeared in many different locations over the centuries, from the stained glass of churches to the seals of various cities to the Great Seal of the United States.