Alternative Religions Sitemap - Page 2 2016-09-26

Great Seal of the United States - Eye of Providence Symbol Gallery
The Eye of Providence is a realistic eye depicted within a triangle, cloud, or burst of light and represents divine presence or approval. It has appeared in many different locations over the centuries, from the stained glass of churches to the seals of various cities to the Great Seal of the United States. Page 2.

Alternative Religions Holidays, Festivals and Events - Days Celebrated in Alternative Religions
Nearly every religion celebrates particular events throughout the year. These may honor particular people or notable historical or mythological events, or they may reflect seasonal traditions and divisions of time, such as New Year celebrations.

Summary of Alternative Religions A-Z
Learn about the basic beliefs of a wide variety of alternative (i.e. non-mainstream) religions from across the globe.

Alternative Religions Beliefs and Creeds
Investigate detailed aspects of the beliefs of alternative religions. Also review standard creeds generally held in common by followers of a particular faith.

Controversies and Misconceptions Surrounding Alternative Religions
Because alternative religions are, by definition, not mainstream, they are less well understood by the general populace. This frequently leads to misconceptions about these faiths. In addition, some alternative religions have (rightly or wrongly) become involved in fairly public controversies.

Western Occult Tradition
Alternative Religions.

Planetary Symbols
A collection of image galleries related to planetary symbols and sigils as used in occult and astronomical contexts.

What is a Cult? - Evaluating Cults, Cults and Religion
What exactly is a cult, and what separates them from other religions? Read tips on how to evaluate cultish behavior within a group, as well as things that may be strange or different but are not necessarily cultish or dangerous.

Scientology - Scientology Rumors - Controversies and Misconceptions about Scientology
A collection of articles dealing with particularly controversial aspects of Scientology, as well as misconceptions about the religion.

Tabbed Guides
The files within can also be accessed at the top of every page in this Guide Site in the form of the tabs running across the top of the page.

Baha'i Faith Beliefs and Creeds
Learn about the distinct beliefs and creeds that define the Baha'i Faith.

Zoroastrian Holidays
Holidays and celebrations associated with the practice of Zoroastrianism.

Baha'i Holidays
An introductions to some of the many holidays and celebrations of the Baha'i Faith, including a look at their religious calendar and how it corresponds to Western solar calendars.

Lucifer (Who Is He?) - Lucifer versus Satan
The history of Lucifer is a complicated one. The Biblical use of the word has created associations with Satan that were not originally intended. As such, Satanists and Luciferians are separate practices and see their respective figures differently.

The Satanic Crown Princes of Hell
LaVeyan Satanism allegorically employs the names of dozens of demonic beings. Out of all those names, four are considered the most important of demons, the crown princes of Hell. They are Satan, Lucifer, Belial and Leviathan. These four figures correspond to the four cardinal points and the four elements, creating a Satanic framework for a common occult practice.

Definition of Left and Right Hand Paths in Occultism
Occult and religious paths are sometimes divided into two categories: the left-hand and right-hand paths. The left-hand path is about the elevation and centrality of the self as well as the rejection of religious authority and societal taboos. The left-hand path focuses on the strength and will of the practitioner, downplaying the need for intercession by any high power (although they may believe a higher power exists). Satanism, Luciferianism and Thelema are all considered left-hand paths.

What Is Theistic Satanism?
Theistic Satanism encompasses a variety of related beliefs honoring a figure addresses as Satan or associated with Satan. In contrast to LaVeyan Satanism, which is atheistic and considers Satan merely a symbol for what their faith encourages, theistic Satanists view Satan as an actual being. Theistic Satanism is largely a development of the 20th century.

The Elohim Within the Raelian Religion
Find out about the Elohim, who, according to the Raelian church, are a human-like alien race that created life through scientific processes on Earth.

Ayeda-Wedo - Voodoo Doll Image - Pwen Dolls
In Vodou, a pwen is an item filled with particular components that appeal to a particular lwa. They are meant to attract a lwa and gain its influences for a person or place. Pwen come in a variety of forms, including dolls. The doll in this picture is dedicated to Ayeda-Wedo. Page 9.

Baron Samedi Doll - Voodoo Doll Image - Pwen Dolls
In Vodou, a pwen is an item filled with particular components that appeal to a particular lwa. They are meant to attract a lwa and gain its influences for a person or place. Pwen come in a variety of forms, including dolls. The doll in this picture is dedicated to Baron Samedi. Page 8.

Damballah-Wedo Doll - Voodoo Doll Image - Pwen Doll Pictures
In Vodou, a pwen is an item filled with particular components that appeal to a particular lwa. They are meant to attract a lwa and gain its influences for a person or place. Pwen come in a variety of forms, including dolls. The doll in this picture is dedicated to Damballah-Wedo. Page 6.

Erzulie Frida Doll - Voodoo Doll Image - Pwen Dolls
In Vodou, a pwen is an item filled with particular components that appeal to a particular lwa. They are meant to attract a lwa and gain its influences for a person or place. Pwen come in a variety of forms, including dolls. The doll in this picture is dedicated to Erzulie Frida. Page 5.

Gran Bwa Doll - Voodoo Doll Image - Pwen Dolls
In Vodou, a pwen is an item filled with particular components that appeal to a particular lwa. They are meant to attract a lwa and gain its influences for a person or place. Pwen come in a variety of forms, including dolls. The doll in this picture is dedicated to Gran Bwa. Page 4.

La Sirene Doll - Voodoo Doll Image - Pwen Dolls
In Vodou, a pwen is an item filled with particular components that appeal to a particular lwa. They are meant to attract a lwa and gain its influences for a person or place. Pwen come in a variety of forms, including dolls. The doll in this picture is dedicated to La Sirene.

Mama Bridgitte Doll - Voodoo Doll Image - Pwen Dolls
In Vodou, a pwen is an item filled with particular components that appeal to a particular lwa. They are meant to attract a lwa and gain its influences for a person or place. Pwen come in a variety of forms, including dolls. The doll in this picture is dedicated to Mama Brigitte. Page 7.

Ogoun Doll - Voodoo Doll Image - Pwen Dolls
In Vodou, a pwen is an item filled with particular components that appeal to a particular lwa. They are meant to attract a lwa and gain its influences for a person or place. Pwen come in a variety of forms, including dolls. The doll in this picture is dedicated to Ogoun. Page 2.

Papa Legba Doll - Voodoo Doll Image - Pwen Dolls
In Vodou, a pwen is an item filled with particular components that appeal to a particular lwa. They are meant to attract a lwa and gain its influences for a person or place. Pwen come in a variety of forms, including dolls. The doll in this picture is dedicated to Papa Legba. Page 3.

Sigillum Dei Aemeth - Codes
These are supplementary images for the article on the construction and meaning of John Dee's Sigillum Dei Aemeth. Page 2.

Jupiter Intelligence Sigil - Intelligence of Jupiter
In the Western Occult Tradition, each planet has traditionally possessed both a spirit and an intelligence: ethereal. Page 2.

Mars Intelligence Sigil - Intelligence of Mars
In the Western Occult Tradition, each planet has traditionally possessed both a spirit and an intelligence: ethereal souls responsible for the baleful and beneficial influences (respectively) of the individual planet. This is a common sigil for Mars's planetary intelligence. Page 3.

Mercury Intelligence Sigil - Intelligence of Mercury
In the Western Occult Tradition, each planet has traditionally possessed both a spirit and an intelligence: ethereal souls responsible for the baleful and beneficial influences (respectively) of the individual planet. This is a common sigil for Mercury's planetary intelligence. Page 7.

Saturn Intelligence Sigil - Intelligence of Saturn
In the Western Occult Tradition, each planet has traditionally possessed both a spirit and an intelligence: ethereal souls responsible for the baleful and beneficial influences (respectively) of the individual planet. This is a common sigil for Saturn's planetary intelligence.

Venus Intelligence Sigil - Intelligence of Venus
In the Western Occult Tradition, each planet has traditionally possessed both a spirit and an intelligence: ethereal souls responsible for the baleful and beneficial influences (respectively) of the individual planet. This is a common sigil for Venus's planetary intelligence. Page 5.

Lunar Intelligence Sigil - Intelligence of the Moon
In the Western Occult Tradition, each planet has traditionally possessed both a spirit and an intelligence: ethereal souls responsible for the baleful and beneficial influences (respectively) of the individual planet. This is a common sigil for Saturn's planetary intelligence. Page 8.

Sun Intelligence Sigil - Intelligence of the Sun
In the Western Occult Tradition, each planet has traditionally possessed both a spirit and an intelligence: ethereal souls responsible for the baleful and beneficial influences (respectively) of the individual planet. This is a common sigil for Sthe Sun's planetary intelligence. Page 4.

Venus Intelligences Sigil - Intelligences of Venus
In the Western Occult Tradition, each planet has traditionally possessed both a spirit and an intelligence: ethereal souls responsible for the baleful and beneficial influences (respectively) of the individual planet. This is a common sigil for Venus's planetary intelligences of its intelligence. Page 6.

Planetary Intelligence Sigils - Beneficial Influences
In the Western Occult Tradition, each planet has traditionally possessed both a spirit and an intelligence: ethereal souls responsible for the baleful and beneficial influences (respectively) of the individual planet. Here are the common sigils for the planetary intelligences.

Jupiter Spirit Sigil - Spirit of Jupiter
In the Western Occult Tradition, each planet has traditionally possessed both a spirit and an intelligence: ethereal souls responsible for the baleful and beneficial influences (respectively) of the individual planet. This is a common sigil for Jupiter's planetary spirit. Page 2.

Mars Spirit Sigil - Spirit of Mars
In the Western Occult Tradition, each planet has traditionally possessed both a spirit and an intelligence: ethereal souls responsible for the baleful and beneficial influences (respectively) of the individual planet. This is a common sigil for Mars's planetary spirit. Page 3.

Mercury Spirit Sigil - Spirit of Mercury
In the Western Occult Tradition, each planet has traditionally possessed both a spirit and an intelligence: ethereal souls responsible for the baleful and beneficial influences (respectively) of the individual planet. This is a common sigil for Mercury's planetary spirit. Page 6.

Saturn Spirit Sigil - Spirit of Saturn
In the Western Occult Tradition, each planet has traditionally possessed both a spirit and an intelligence: ethereal souls responsible for the baleful and beneficial influences (respectively) of the individual planet. This is a common sigil for Saturn's planetary spirit.

Lunar Spirit Sigil - Spirit of the Spirits of The Moon
In the Western Occult Tradition, each planet has traditionally possessed both a spirit and an intelligence: ethereal souls responsible for the baleful and beneficial influences (respectively) of the individual planet. This is a common sigil for the Moon's planetary spirit of the spirits. Page 8.

Venus Spirit Sigil - Spirit of Venus
In the Western Occult Tradition, each planet has traditionally possessed both a spirit and an intelligence: ethereal souls responsible for the baleful and beneficial influences (respectively) of the individual planet. This is a common sigil for Venus's planetary spirit. Page 5.

Lunar Spirit Sigil - Spirit of The Moon
In the Western Occult Tradition, each planet has traditionally possessed both a spirit and an intelligence: ethereal souls responsible for the baleful and beneficial influences (respectively) of the individual planet. This is a common sigil for the Moon's planetary spirit. Page 7.

Solar Spirit Sigil - Spirit of The Sun
In the Western Occult Tradition, each planet has traditionally possessed both a spirit and an intelligence: ethereal souls responsible for the baleful and beneficial influences (respectively) of the individual planet. This is a common sigil for Saturn's planetary spirit. Page 4.

Raelian Symbols
Commonly used symbols by the Raelian Movement.

Alternative Religions
Alternative Religions. Page 5.

Five-Pointed Star - - Official Symbol of the Baha'i Faith
The five-pointed star, or pentagram, is the official symbol of the Baha'i Faith, and is also incorporated into the symbolic systems of multiple other faiths and belief systems. Page 4.

Nine-Pointed Star - Baha'i Faith Symbol - Enneagram
The nine-pointed star, or enneagram, is the symbol most commonly associated with the Baha'i Faith today. Page 2.

The Ringstone Symbol - Baha'i Faith Symbol - Baha'i Jewelry Emblem
Baha'i symbol commonly displayed upon rings and other jewelry.

The Greatest Name - Baha'i Faith Symbol
The symbol for the greatest name of God according to the Baha'i Faith. Page 3.

Baha'i Faith Symbol Gallery
Symbols associated with the Baha'i Faith.

Is Ganja Legal for Rastas? - Rastafari and Marijuana
Marijuana, commonly known as ganja among Rastas, is illegal in most countries, including the US. However, as an important part of the Rastafari religion, is ganja smoking protected by the First Amendment, which guarantees religious freedom?

What Is Sex Magic? - Definition and Example
Magicians can use a variety of methods for producing energy for their workings. Sex is one such method, and the result is commonly referred to as sex magic.

Religions that Believe in Judeo-Christian God
The issue of which religions follow God depends in large part how you define

List of the Seven Principles of Unitarian Universalism
Unitarian Universalism (or UU) is a highly individualistic religion with no dogma concerning the spiritual nature of the world. As such, different UUs can have radically different ideas concerning the nature of the divine (or absence of the same) or ethical decisions. However, there are seven principles which UUs agree upon being the foundation of their organization and which they promote.

Definition of Neoplatonism
Glossary definition of the term Neoplatonism.

Pantheism Beliefs Explained
Pantheism is a form of religion that believes that the universe and God are one and the same. Neither exists outside of the other. Therefore, all things are ultimately connected with one another.

All About Chaos Magic
Chaos magic is, perhaps the hardest type of magic to explain because definition is the antithesis of chaos. In short, chaos magic is magic that does not conform to any rules.

Santeria for Beginners
Santeria is an African Diaspora religion centered in Cuba. It recognizes a collection of deities known as orishas with whom human beings can interact. Santeria has gained notoriety for its practice of animal sacrifice, which provides blood to the orishas. Developed by slaves of Catholic masters, Santeria also commonly equates its orishas with Catholic saints, and believers in Santeria might also attend Catholic mass.

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Satan, Lucifer and Demons
Articles relating to the mythological figures of both Theistic and LaVeyan Satanism as well as views of Satan himself in both these religions and other religions. It also includes Lucifer, whose relationship with Satan can be complex depending upon the specific religious perspective.

Zoroastrianism Mythological Figures
Discussions on the single god of Zoroastrianism - Ahura Mazda - as well as the multiple lesser beings that hold important places within the faith.

Alternative Religions Central Texts - Major Documents Within Alternative Religions
Many religions today involve central canonical texts containing the teachings of the faith. These texts may contain history, statements of beliefs, ethical guidelines and other information of prime importance to believers.

Alternative Religions History
Learn about how different alternative religions developed and changed with time, along with important events that shaped individual faiths.

Alternative Religion Historical Figures - Major Historical Players in Alternative Religions
Most religions were significantly influenced by one or more historical (or quasi-historical) people, and many of these people are honored within the faith for their contributions.

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How Do I Convert to Satanism?
Learn about how to seek membership in Satanic organizations as well whether membership is even necessary for seekers.

Triquetra - Power of Three - Trinity Circle
The triquetra shows up in a variety of different contexts, many of which re largely unconnected. What do various groups associated with this three-pointed symbol?

Eliphas Levi's Baphomet - The Goat of Mendes
Deciphering Eliphas Levi's Baphomet of Mendes, a popular 19th century occult image still used by a variety of occult traditions today.

Eye of Providence - Meaning and Example
The Eye of Providence is a realistic eye depicted within a triangle, cloud, or burst of light and represents divine presence or approval. It has appeared in many different locations over the centuries, from the stained glass of churches to the seals of various cities to the Great Seal of the United States.

The Symbolism of Squares
As a basic geometric shape, squares are used in a variety of images and symbolism. They commonly represent solidity, stability, materiality, and the physical world.

33 Jedi Teachings to Live By
Jedi Religion is a very non-dogmatic, non-organized religion. As such, there are few if any rules that can be expected to be followed by all believers. However, this also allows for wisdom to be put forth by members of the community for believers to study, accept or reject as they see fit.

33 Jedi Teachings to Live By
Jedi Religion is a very non-dogmatic, non-organized religion. As such, there are few if any rules that can be expected to be followed by all believers. However, this also allows for wisdom to be put forth by members of the community for believers to study, accept or reject as they see fit.

33 Jedi Teachings to Live By
Jedi Religion is a very non-dogmatic, non-organized religion. As such, there are few if any rules that can be expected to be followed by all believers. However, this also allows for wisdom to be put forth by members of the community for believers to study, accept or reject as they see fit.

The Hypocrisy of "Zombie Jesus Day"
I know a fair number of people who are both liberals and non-Christians. They are huge into tolerance of all forms, including religious tolerance. And yet,

The Myth of Eostre
Easter seems like a nice enough holiday, but I always grind my teeth as the day approaches because it means I'm going to have to put up with another round of

Christian Science vs. Scientology
I was once asked by a student if Christian Science and Scientology were the same thing. At the time, the idea that someone would confuse the two had ever even

New Age Movement (History and Beliefs)
Today's New Age movement has risen to prominence over approximately the last 40 years. However, the term itself has 19th century antecedents, most notably its use within Theosophy, which teaches many beliefs held in common with today's New Agers. The New Age is commonly understood to be the astrological Age of Aquarius.

Religions Organized by Similar Features
While all religions are unique, they also share a variety of traits with certain other religions. Here is a growing list of religions organized by shared qualities.

Frequently Asked Questions
Collections of frequently asked questions about a variety of alternative religions.

User Responses
Want to speak up about your own religious experiences? These pages let you express yourself.

Complicated Polygons and Stars - Enneagram, Decagram
As shapes becomes more complex, we see them used less often and in more specific contexts. Here we mention the enneagram (9-sided), decagram (10-sided), endekagram (11-sided), and dodekagram (12-sided).

What Is Spiritualism?
Spiritualism is a religion, as well as a philosophy and a science, revolving around the continued existence of the soul after death and the ability of humanity to communicate with and learn from these souls as they continue to learn, develop and evolve.

Satanic Beliefs and Creeds
Beliefs and creeds espoused by Anton LaVey's Church of Satan.

White Magic and Black Magic Comparison
Some people, when speaking of magic, divide its uses into two categories: white magic and black magic. The definition of these terms, however, is highly subjective, varying from location to location, across time periods, and even person to person. Essentially, white magic is magic that the speaker considers to be acceptable magic, while black magic is that which is unacceptable, and the limits of acceptable and unacceptable are defined by culture. Plenty of magicians avoid using either term because of their subjectivity.

Religion and the Law
What exactly does the first amendment protect or not protect? Why are certain religions allowed to do or not do certain things?

Peoples Temple
The Peoples Temple is one of the most well known suicide cults, killing over 900 people in Jonestown in 1978. But before it became a symbol of religion gone wrong, it was a charitable organization that provided for the poor and embraced the disenfranchised.

Apocalyptic Religions
Apocalyptic religions emphasize their end of the world beliefs as central to their practices.

Is My Child Involved in the Occult/Satanism?
Don't let fearmongering distract you from common sense. While parents should always be wary of what their children are studying, those pursing occult practices that include dangerous behavior and/or illegal and immoral things practically don't exist.

Marriage of the Red King and White Queen in Alchemy
In alchemy, the Red King and White Queen are allegorically brought together in the great work to produce a united whole. Here is an explanation of an illustration of the King and Queen according to The Rosarium Philosophorum, or the Rosay of the Philosophers.

Beyond Belief: My Secret Life Inside Scientology and My Harrowing Escape by Jenna Miscavige Hill with Lisa Pulitzer
Jenna Miscavige Hill, niece of the Church of Scientology's leader David Miscavige, describes her life within the Church through both good and bad times, illustrating how she once embraced the teachings but has now fled abusive treatment.

Types of Theism
A theist is someone who believes in at least one god. However, there are many different types of theists such as monotheists, polytheists, pantheists and henotheists.

Marriage and Religion - Religious Limitations on Marriage
Different religions have a variety of viewpoints on how to deal with relationships between believers and non-believers. Sometimes the relationship is seen as a way of converting the non-believer. Sometimes the non-believer is a threat to the believer's faith. And sometimes it is about how a religious culture is going to survive surrounded by outsiders.

Non-Trinitarianism
Non-trinitarianism is a Christian belief in which God is indivisible, rather than being comprised of the trinity of Father, Son and Holy Ghost. Non-trinitarians believe in an omnipotent, omnipresent God. They views of Jesus vary considerably, including, but not limited to, acknowledging him merely as a mortal and viewing him as a perfect but not divine creation of God.

Science of Mind / Religious Science
Science of mind is a 20th century religion based on the New Thought movement that began in the previous century. It teaches that all things are a part of God and that people can influence things in in the world through that connection with God. They are particularly interested in healing through their spiritual practices, although many other things can be influences as well.

Elemental Symbols - Symbols of Fire, Water, Air, Earth, Spirit
The Greeks proposed the existence of five basic elements. Of these, four were the physical elements – fire, air, water and earth – of which the entire world is composed. Alchemists eventually associated four triangular symbols to represent these elements. In traditional Western occult theory, the elements are hierarchical - spirit, fire, air, water and earth – with the first elements being more spiritual and perfect and the last elements being more material and base.

Elemental Correspondences - Directions, Moon Phases, Seasons, Time of Day
Ceremonial occult systems traditionally depend on systems of correspondences: collections of items that are all associated in some way with the desired goal. While the types of correspondences are nearly endless, associations between elements, seasons, time of day, elements, moon phases and directions have become fairly standardized in the West, and are frequently the basis for additional correspondences. Page 8.

Regular Octagram
A regular octagram. Alternative Religions. Page 2.

Star of Ishtar
The eight-sided Star of Ishtar. Alternative Religions. Page 3.

Black Sun - Wewelsburg Wheel
The Black Sun originates in a floor pattern in Wewelsburg Castle, which was renovated by Heinrich Himmler. The exact meaning Himmler might have attributed to it is unknown, but it does have historical influences, and modern groups have continued to embrace its use. Page 3.

Sig Rune - SS Symbol
The sig rune is a modern modification of the older sowilo rune, and is most famous for being the insignia of the Nazi SS. Page 2.

Swastika
The swastika as a Nazi emblem, as well as its much older meanings across multiple cultures.

Nazi Symbols
Symbols associated with the Nazi regime, along with discussions about their non-Nazi origins and continued cultural value.

Lee Thompson Young, Suicide, and Yoruba Religion
The death of actor Lee Thompson Young has brought the indigenous religion of the Yoruba people into the spotlight. Could there be any connection between his tragic death and his religion?

Sweat Lodge - Native American Rituals
The sweat lodge is a widely used practice among Native Americans for both physical and spiritual purification and communion with spirits. Various modern, non-Native groups and individuals have also appropriated the ritual for their own uses, generally to the offense of Natives.

The Great Work or Magnum Opus
Contrary to the popular image of transmuting lead to gold, the purpose of alchemy was a spiritual transformation sometimes described in chemical allegory. This ultimate goal was known as the Great Work or the Magnum Opus.

Fasting in Religion
Fasting is a common religious practice that involves abstaining from some or all food for some period of time. It may also limit drink. Fasting helps one separate from a comfortable, material world in order to better focus on humble spiritual endeavors while purifying the self.

Necronomicon - Fact or Fiction?
The Necronomicon is perhaps the most well known magical book in existence, which is pretty phenomenal considering that the book doesn't actually exist. It started in works of fiction, but over the years its reputation has expanded into the real world, so much so that at least one writer created a Necronomicon in response to the regular requests for the book at a local magical store.

Squaring the Circle
Squaring the circle commonly means doing the impossible. The idea of squaring the circle has been a mathematical puzzle for thousands of years. It is also used in alchemical illustrations.

Operation Snow White in Scientology
Operation Snow White is the commonly used term to reference a series of highly illegal activities conducted by members of the Church of Scientology in the 1970s. The Church admits crimes were committed in the name of the Church, but they insist it was done by rogue members and that it had no connection with what they termed the Snow White Program.

Black Cats and Halloween - Why are black cats associated with Halloween?
Why are black cats so specifically associated with Halloween? Along with things like skeletons, witches, and ghosts, black cats are one of the most popular and identifiable Halloween decorations. While many people attempt to create a neat and tidy explanation, the reality is it is a complex question with no easy answer.

Branch Davidians at Waco - Students of the Seven Seals
The Waco group most commonly known as

Is Zoroastrianism Monotheistic or Dualistic? Zurvanite Confusions with Zoroastrianism
Zoroastrianism today is monotheistic, acknowledging only a single divine being. However, many people today are familiar with stories – often from world history or comparative religion classes – that portray Zoroastrianism as a dualism featuring two opposing deities. This is actually a reflection of a set of beliefs called Zurvanism.

Jonestown - The Peoples Temple Massacre
The Jonestown Massacre took the single largest number of lives of any cult suicide event. In 1978, Jim Jones convinced or forced over 900 Peoples Temple members to kill themselves and their children in a compound commonly called Jonestown.

The Rebis Image in Alchemy
The Rebis is an allegorical image representing the ultimate goal of alchemy, the great work. It represents the harmonious union of opposite, the bringing together of spirit and matter.

Taboos in a Religious Context
Taboos are a basic part of culture. Not nearly all are religious in nature, but there are also a fair number that do exist within the culture's religious context.

Planetary Correspondences - Correspondences of the Seven Planets
Summaries of occult correspondences for the seven classical planets: Saturn, Jupiter, Mars, the Sun, Venus, Mercury, and the Moon. Includes spirits, intelligences, symbols, sigils and magical squares.

Kabbalah and Kabbalah Centre Controversies and Misconceptions
The many approaches to Kabbalah in existence today - from traditional Jewish mysticism to the high-profile Kabbalah Centre - leaves a lot of people confused as to just what Kabbalah is and how the different approaches compare.

Satanism Controversies and Misconceptions
Satanists have self-consciously adopted a term for themselves with deeply negative connotations. There are, however, important differences between the common stereotypes and actual practices. Conversely, Satanists do tend to revel in ideas that make others uncomfortable.

Baha'i Faith
Rituals and practices within the Baha'i Faith.

Scientology Rituals and Practices
Information on the common practices of Scientologists, including auditing and silent birth.

Western Occult Tradition - Historical Figures
Alternative Religions.

Zoroastrian Beliefs and Creeds
Beliefs and creeds associated with the Zoroastrian faith.

Western Occult Tradition
The Western occult tradition is an incredibly diverse and not always consistent system of ideas. Derived from a variety of sources such as Neoplatonism, Hermeticism, and Kaballah, the Western occult tradition attempts to bridge spirituality and physicality.

Jedi Religion Beliefs and Creeds
Some of the beliefs and creeds commonly accepted by real world followers of Jedi Religion.

The Middle Realm – The Celestial Realm
During the Renaissance, occultists commonly viewed the universe as divided into three realms. The middle realm is the Celestial Realm, where the planets and stars reside and which acts as a bridge between inner and outer realms.

The Outer Realm – The Angelic Realm - The Empyrean Realm
During the Renaissance, occultists commonly viewed the universe as divided into three realms. The outer realm is the Angelic Realm, inhabited by spiritual beings able to survive within close proximity to God.

Ahura Mazda and the Twin Spirits - Spenta Mainyu - Angra Mainyu
Ahura Mazda is the supreme deity in Zoroastrianism. From him come many emanations, most notably the twin spirits of bounty and destruction known as Spenta Mainyu and Angra Mainyu (Avestan) or as Spena Menu and Ahriman (Pahlavi).

Alternative Religions Rituals and Practices
Every religion is distinguished by unique rituals and practices through which members express and pursue their beliefs and religious obligations.

Elemental Qualities
In classical elemental systems, each element has two qualities, and it shares each quality with one other element. Each element is either warm or cold, and this corresponds with a male or female gender. This is a strongly dichotomous system, where male qualities are things like light, warmth and activity, and female qualities are dark, cold, passive and receptive.. Page 6.

Temple of the Jedi Order
Temple of the Jedi Order logo. Alternative Religions. Page 3.

Faravahar - Symbol of Zoroastrianism
Ancient Persian symbol associated with important personages now commonly viewed as a symbol of Zoroastrianism. It depicts a figure surrounded by the light of glory and is used by some as a representation of the human soul. Page 2.

Scientologist Celebrities - Famous Scientologists
Archer has been practicing Scientology since the 1970s. Her husband and son are also involved in the Church. In the 1980s she publicly represented a Scientology literacy training organization known as Applied Scholastics. Page 5.

Scientologist Celebrities - Famous Scientologists - John Travolta
Travolta was exposed to Dianetics in 1975 and credits Scientology with improving and enriching many areas of his life, including his family and career. He remains dedicated to Scientology because in his experience, it absolutely works. Page 3.

Scientologist Celebrities - Famous Scientologists
Kirstie Alley's first experience with the Church of Scientology was when she joined a Narconon program in 1979 to overcome cocaine addiction. Page 2.

Scientologist Celebrities - Famous Scientologists - Tom Cruise
Cruise joined Scientology in 1986 after being exposed to it via his then-wife Mimi Rogers, who has since left the Church of Scientology. He specifically credits it for helping him to overcome dyslexia, and he is also a fan of their various social programs. Page 4.

Air Symbols - Element of Air
Air is the element of intelligence, creativity, and beginnings. Largely intangible and without permanent form, air is an active, masculine element, superior to the more material elements of water and earth.. Page 2.

Earth Symbols - Element of Earth
Earth is the element of stability, groundedness, fertility, materiality, potential and stillness. Earth can also be an element of beginnings and endings, or death and rebirth, as life comes from the ground and then decomposes back into earth after death. Page 4.

Water Symbol - Element of Water
Water is the element of emotion and the unconscious, as opposed to the conscious intellectualism of air. Water is one of two elements that have a physical existence that can interact with all of the physical senses. Water is still considered less material (and thus superior) to earth because possesses more motion and activity than earth.. Page 3.

Spirit Element - Element of Spirit - Aether - Quintessence
The element of spirit goes by several names, the most common being spirit, ether or aether, and quintessence, which is literally Latin for

Elemental Pentagram - The Five Elements
The pentagram has represented many diverse meanings over the centuries. Since at least the Renaissance, one of its associations is with the five elements. Traditionally, there is a hierarchy among the elements ranging from the most spiritual and rarefied to the least spiritual and most material. This hierarchy determines the placement of elements around the pentagram. Page 7.

Baha'i Fast – Fasting in the Baha'i Faith – The Month of Ala
Followers of the Baha'i Faith fast during the 19-day month of Ala, which leads up to the new year celebrations of Naw-Ruz at the spring equinox on March 21.

Jack-O-Lantern - Meaning of the Jack-O-Lantern
The modern-day carving of pumpkins into lighted faces is generally traced back to European folk practices of doing similar carvings on turnips and other vegetables in order to keep away evil spirits. However, such practices have only been associated with Halloween in the last 150 years or so.

33 Jedi Teachings to Live By
Jedi Religion is a very non-dogmatic, non-organized religion. As such, there are few if any rules that can be expected to be followed by all believers. However, this also allows for wisdom to be put forth by members of the community for believers to study, accept or reject as they see fit.

Scientologist Celebrities - Famous Scientologists
Alternative Religions.

Scientologist Celebrities - Famous Scientologists
Learn what Scientologist celebrities say about why they have embraced Scientology, as well as controversial incidents in their lives that are frequently linked to the Church of Scientology.

Planetary Spirit Sigils - Baleful Influences
In the Western Occult Tradition, each planet has traditionally possessed both a spirit and an intelligence: ethereal souls responsible for the baleful and beneficial influences (respectively) of the individual planet. Here are the common sigils for the planetary spirits.

Baphomet - The Goat of Mendes
Deciphering Eliphas Levi's Baphomet of Mendes, a popular 19th century occult image still used by a variety of occult traditions today.

Fire Symbol - Element of Fire
Fire is traditionally seen as the most rarefied and spiritual of the physical elements because of its masculine properties (which were superior to female properties), it's lack of physical existence, its production of light, and it's transformative power when it comes in contact with more physical material.

Mythological Figures in Santeria
The practice of Santeria revolves around the relationship between individual believers and the orishas, or gods, that influence the world.

Pentagram - Five-Pointed Star - The Pentalpha