Ancient/Classical History Sitemap - Page 1 2016-09-26

Roman Emperor Tiberius Basic Facts and Timeline
Tiberius, the second emperor of Rome, was not flashy or charismatic enough to overcome either his domestic policies or his gossip-filled seclusion from public life.

Strong Women Mentioned in the Bible FAQs
There were strong women in the Bible who stood out all the more because they surmounted or circumvented the patriarchy in which they lived. Learn more.

10 Plagues of Egypt - Legend in Jewish History
The Ten Plagues of Egypt were sent down by the Hebrew God to convince Pharaoh to let the Hebrews out of slavery and go home to Canaan.

Michal, King David's First Wife
The Bible reports that Michal loved David, but the context of the story seems to indicate that her love was not returned by her husband. Learn more.

Main Gods and Goddesses in Egyptian Mythology
Here is a summary list of some of the major gods and goddesses of ancient Egypt and their primary functions.

Main Gods and Goddesses in Egyptian Mythology
Here is a summary list of some of the major gods and goddesses of ancient Egypt and their primary functions.

Did Roman Soldiers Eat Meat? - The Roman Military Diet
In 'The Roman Military Diet,' R.W. Davies argues against the idea that unless they were from the provinces, Roman soldiers were vegetarian.

Democracy in Ancient Athens and Democracy Today
Democracy Then and Now. A look at the meaning of the word democracy in ancient politics as contrasted with what we mean by democracy today.

Gothic History and Origins of the Goths
Jordanes is the main source of information on the Goths, but Michael Kulikowski says he is unreliable, even if he is the only source on the origins of the Goths.

A List of 'The Iliad' Characters
The Iliad is attributed to Homer, although we don't know for sure who wrote it. Here are major characters, both mortal and immortal, from The Iliad.

Cyrus the Great - Persian Achaemenid Dynasty Founder
Cyrus the Great was the founder of the Achaemenid dynasty of the Persian empire, the dynastic family who led the Persians between 550 and 330 BC

Asclepius, God of Healing in Greek & Roman Mythology
The tragedy of Alcestis, by Euripides, came about because Zeus killed the son of Apollo, Asclepius, the healing god.

What the Ancient Chinese Accomplished
Advances in technology and the arts and other accomplishments, especially in the area of technology, in the ancient Chinese dynasties.

Nero - Profile of the Roman Emperor
Roman Emperor Nero is famed for watching while Rome burned, and then blaming the conflagration on the Christians, whom he persecuted. Learn more.

Titanomachy - the Coming of the Gods and Titans
What happened immediately after Kronos regurgitated his children is not clear, but the war between the gods and Titans - the Titanomachy - soon begins.

Solon's Reforms and the Rise of Democracy in Athens
Solon first came to prominence in about 600 for his patriotic exhortations when the Athenians were fighting a war with Megara for possession of Salamis

What Are the Main Divisions of the Bible?
The Christian Bible is divided into the Old Testament and the New Testament, each of which is split into sections. Learn more.

Latin Adjectives 1st and 2nd Declension
In Latin, adjectives must agree with the nouns they modify in case and number, as well as gender. This means that like nouns, adjectives must be declined.

Darius I the Great - About the Persian King
Here are some points to know about Darius I, known as Darius the Great, an Achaemenid Great King and empire builder:

All About the Ancient Roman Family
When reading about the family in ancient Rome, it is important to realize the Roman family was in some ways very different from modern families.

Era by Era Timeline of Ancient Roman History
This timeline shows the major divisions of ancient Rome over time and the defining features of each.

The Greek Hero Jason - Character Profile & History
Jason is the legendary hero best known for his leadership of the Argonauts in the quest for the golden fleece and for his wife Medea of Colchis.

Six Ancient Greek Sculptors
Introductions to six major sculptors of Ancient Greece: Myron, Phidias, Polyclitus, Praxiteles, Lysippus, and Scopas.

Top Myths and Urban Legends About Ancient History
Top myths about ancient history. Urban legends and mistaken ideas modern people have about ancient history.

Summaries of Ancient Creation Myths
Stories of how the world and mankind came to be, from chaos, a primordial soup, an egg, or whatever; that is, creation myths.

History of the Colosseum or Flavian Amphitheater
The Colosseum or Flavian Amphitheater is one of the most well-known of the ancient Roman structures because so much of it still remains. Learn more.

Latin Verbs - Infinitives (The to + Verb Form)
Review the basics on Latin infinitives.

Second Punic War, Hannibal vs. Rome
An overview of the war between the Romans and Carthaginians (led by Hannibal), that was waged for 17 years starting in 218 B.C.

Who Was Aesop? - From George Fyler Townsend
He is, by an almost universal consent, allowed to have been born about the year 620 B.C., and to have been by birth a slave.

Pompey the Great (Pompeius Magnus) - Brief Biography
Information on Caesar's opponent, Pompey, the Roman military leader who quelled the pirate menace and was named the great after the Mithridatic Wars.

Makeda | Ethiopia’s Queen of Sheba
Legends in Ethiopia state that the Biblical Queen of Sheba was Makeda, a ruler from the ancient Ethiopian city of Axum.

Chemosh the Ancient God of the Moabites
Chemosh was the national deity of the Moabites whose name most likely meant

- By Category
An index of categories in the

The Face That Launched a Thousand Ships
The Face That Launched a Thousand Ships refers to Helen of Troy, who stole the heart of Greeks, Trojans, and Christopher Marlowe's Dr. Faustus.

Greek Myths and Legends
Stories, myths and legends about the Ancient Greek gods and goddesses. Also read all about the fantastic adventures of Greek mythology's daring heroes.

Myths Featuring Artemis or Diana
The Greek goddess Artemis, known to the Romans as Diana, was a goddess of the hunt who was generally surrounded by a band of her fellow virgins. This status was taken seriously, as was her modesty, so people who ran afoul of her standards generally suffered.

The Minotaur
The stories about the conception and death of the minotaur and people connected with him.

Myths Featuring Hera or Juno
The Greek goddess Hera or the Roman Juno took an active part in many of the ancient Greek myths, some of which involved heroes and others, her womanizing husband, Zeus or the Roman Jupiter.

The Worst Betrayals in Ancient Greek Mythology
What do you think was the worst betrayal in ancient history or mythology? Would our verdict be different from that of the ancient Greeks and Romans?

Xerxes the Great King of the Medes and Persians
Xerxes was a king of the Medes and Persians, who fought against the Ancient Greeks in the Persian Wars.

Ovid - Biography and Overview of the Roman Poet
An overview of the prolific Roman, Augustan Age poet Ovid, writer of love poetry and epic, but on a less lofty theme than the usual epic.

The Friendship Story of Damon and Pythias
The friendship story of Damon and Pythias and their confrontation with the tyrant Dionysius of Syracuse.

Immortal Gods and Goddesses From Greek Mythology
There are many types of immortal beings in Greek mythology. Some are depicted as humanoid, some as part animal, and some are not readily visualized.

Helen of Troy - A Proflie of Helen and Her Family
Helen of Troy's family history is one of high romance and the interference of goddesses. What else would you expect from the legendary beauty?

Shang Dynasty Cities - Walled Cities of Ancient China
The enormous walled cities of China's Shang Dynasty were the first constructed after written records were kept by the Shang Dynasty emperors.

The Script Writing of Ancient China
About the ancient script of the ancient Chinese, its legend and history, and its position vis a vis the other inventors of writing in the ancient world.

Warrior Women of the Ancient World
Ancient women who led troops into battle: Amazons, Queen Artemisia, Queen Boudicca, Queen Samsi, Queen Tomyris, Trung Sisters, Queen Zenobia.

What Is Confucianism? - an Overview
Confucius was a Chinese philosopher who gained importance after he died for his teaching, known as Confucianism. Learn more about the thinking of Confucius.

How Did Gladiator Fights End? (What Thumbs Up Meant)
The editor of a gladiatorial match decided who lived and who died in the arena, although he usually paid some attention to the cries of the crowds.

Who Were the Sea People Around Ancient Egypt?
The Egyptians originally coined the name

The Chaldean Babylonian King Nebuchadnezzar II
Nebuchadnezzar is best known for his Hanging Gardens of Babylon, one of the seven wonders of the ancient world -- which he may not actually have created and the Captivity of the Hebrews.

Prometheus -Tthe fire-bringer in Greek Mythology
The term philanthropist is a perfect term for the great titan of Greek mythology, Prometheus. He loved us. He helped us. He suffered for us.

Roman Forum
Roman Forum. Ancient/Classical History.

Houses From Ancient Pompeii
Pompeii. Ancient/Classical History.

Roman Emperors -Gallery of 36 Roman Emperors
A visual who's who of 36 of the Roman emperors. Put a face to emperors like Julian who put an end to the dynasty of Constantine and tried to bring back paganism, or Diocletian, the emperor who not only split the empire in 4, but actually stepped down. Tiberius, who left Rome to live in retirement, never gave up his power. There are also a few emperors who died inconveniently of natural causes; more ended their lives when someone else, like the praetorian guard, thought it convenient.

Gallery of Julius Caesar
Julius Caesar Pictures. Ancient/Classical History.

Ostia Antica - Ancient Ostia a harbor city on the Tiber near Rome
Ostia Antica - Ancient Ostia a harbor city on the Tiber near Rome. Page 10.

Enemies of Rome
Pictures of Rome's fiercest enemies and barbarian military leaders.

Cleopatra Statue from the Portrait Gallery in Washington D.C.
Cleopatra Statue from the Portrait Gallery in Washington D.C.

Ancient & Classical History Study Guides
Here are study guides on people and topics important for Ancient/Classical history.

Characters from Greek Legend
A list of who's who in Greek mythology and legend.

Caesar at the Museo Archeologico Nazionale Napoli
Caesar at the Museo Archeologico Nazionale Napoli

Wordless Wednesday Picture Gallery
Wordless Wednesday Picture Gallery

Funerary Naiskos
Funerary naiskos of a young soldier (Aristonautes, son of Archenautes, of the deme Halai). Pentelic marble, found in the Kerameikos necropolis in Athens, ca. 350–325 BC. Page 13.

Timeline of the Legitimate Emperors in the Fall of Rome
During the period leading to the Fall of Rome, there were many usurpers and pretenders to the throne, so this 'Fall of Rome Emperors Timeline' is limited to those counted as legitimate.

Dates of the Roman Emperors
Various chronologies and timelines of the rulers of Rome during the period of the Roman Empire.

The Middle Kingdom Period of Ancient Egypt
Running from the end of the first intermediate period to the start of the second, the Middle Kingdom lasted from about 2055-1650 B.C. Learn more.

Apollo's Wives, Mates and Children
Apollo mated with many women and a few men. He sired mostly males. His wives include Marpessa, Chione, Koronis, Daphne, Arsinoe and Kassandra.

Latin Verbs - Indicative, Imperative, Subjunctive Moods
The indicative mood

Dagon - Chief God of the Philistines
Dagon was the principal deity of the Philistines, whose ancestors migrated to Palestinian shores from Crete. He was the god of fertility and crops.

What Do the Latin Verb Tenses Mean?
To understand the differences among the tenses, we need to pay attention to when the action takes place, took place, or will take place.

Hercules in art and texts about Hercules
Hercules (also known as Heracles and Herakles), the son of Alcmene and Zeus and stepson of Hera, as depicted in ancient literature and art.

Pericles' Funeral Oration - Thucydides' Version
Pericles delivered a rousing speech lauding democracy on the occasion of funerals, shortly after the start of the Peloponnesian war.

Hercules FAQ and Fact Sheet
Learn the names of Hercules wives, and find the answers to other common questions about the Greek hero.

The Age of Pericles and Periclean Athens
The Age of Pericles falls within the Classical Age of Greece. Pericles was the foremost leader of Athens Greece.

Profile of the Greek God Zeus
The Greek god Zeus was the top Olympian god in the Greek pantheon. Zeus is father of gods and men. He controls lightning and thunder.

Old Kingdom - Period in the History of Ancient Egypt
Old Kingdom Egypt was an important period of ancient Egyptian history made famous for the building of the Step Pyramid.

Cyclops - Mythological Creature Profile
The Cyclops were represented as strong, one-eyed giants in Greek mythology, who enjoyed fortune's favor for a limited time. Learn more.

What was The Conspiracy of Catiline?
The Conspiracy of Catiline was one of the tumultuous events at the end of the Roman Republic that centered around Cicero.

The Sphinx in Greek and Egyptian Legend
The sphinx is familiar from ancient history and ancient legend. That's because there are two creatures called a sphinx. Learn more.

How Do You Say Thank You in Latin?
What is the best way to say thank you in Latin? Is it gratias tibi ago or gratias vobis ago or something else?

The Benefits of Learning Latin
Do you know why your kids should learn Latin? Here are some of the advantages your children will enjoy if they study Latin.

The Story of Philemon and Baucis
Learn about Philemon and Baucis - A story of poverty, kindness, and hospitality from ancient Roman mythology.

Ashoka the Great - Buddhist King of India
Ashoka was an important Buddhist king in India in the 3rd century B.C.

Description of Major Figures of the Trojan War
Major figures in the Trojan War.

The Byzantine Roman Emperor Justinian
History remembers Emperor Justinian for his reorganization of the government of the Roman Empire and his codification of the laws, the Codex Justinianus.

Ancient Persian Rulers Timeline (Modern Iran)
Here are the rulers of ancient Persia, by dynasty, based on Dynasties of the World, by John E. Morby; Oxford University Press, 2002.

Major Gods and Goddesses in Norse Mythology
The Norse gods are divided into two major groups, the Aesir and Vanir, in addition to the giants who came first. Learn more.

Cleopatra Profile - Ancient History
Cleopatra is best known for her relations with leading Romans, Julius Caesar and Mark Antony, and the manner of her death. Learn more.

How to Form Latin Superlative Adjectives
Using a superlative form of an adjective takes the basic sense of the adjective to the extreme, so the superlative of

Constantinople - Capital of the Eastern Roman Empire
Constantinople was the capital of the Eastern Roman Empire. Here's a look at its history, fortifications and geography.

Celebrate the Saturnalia Festival
Saturnalia was a time to honor the god of sowing, Saturn. Like our Christmas, it was also a festival day on which a banquet was prepared.

Table Showing the Declension of Latin Personal Pronouns
The Latin personal pronoun is used where in English we use pronouns like I, you, he, she, it, we, and they. These pronouns are in the Nominative Case.

Creation of the World in Norse Mythology
In Norse mythology there are 9 worlds that are divided among three levels all held together by the world tree, Ygdrasil. Learn about the worlds' creation.

What's So Interesting about the Greek God Cronos?
Basic information on the titan or Greek god Cronos who was the father of the Olympian gods and goddesses.

Who Built the Trojan Horse?
Was Epeus the mastermind behind the Trojan Horse? What role did Odysseus, Ulysses and Athena play? Learn more.

Who Was Saint Augustine? - Biographic Profile
Augustine was an important figure in the history of Christianity. He wrote about topics like predestination and original sin. Learn more.

The Dynasties of Ancient China
It is customary to refer to events in Chinese history according to the dynasty to which the period's ancient rulers belonged. Learn more.

Names of Gods and Goddesses in the Iliad
The names of the gods and goddesses in the Iliad of Homer.

Aphrodite - Greek Goddess of Love and Beauty
Aphrodite is the Greek goddess of love and beauty. Aphrodite was known as Venus in Rome and was a major goddess in ancient Greek mythology and in the Roman Vergil's Aeneid.

Theatron - Definition and Examples in Greek Drama
In general, the theatron was where the audience of a Greek tragedy sat to view the performance. Learn more.

Ancient Roman Sandals and Other Footwear
The shoe-maker (sutor) was a valued craftsman, and the Romans contributed the entire-foot-encasing shoe to the Mediterranean world. Learn more.

The Six Types of Toga in Ancient Rome
The ancient Romans have been called the toga-clad people, and with reason, even if most of them didn't actually wear the toga very often. Learn more.

The Spiritual Meaning of the Number 7 in the Bible
Ever wonder where the idea of the number seven as lucky came from? More likely than not, the idea of good luck associated with seven comes from the Bible.

Meet Hera, the Queen of the Greek Gods
Hera is the queen of the gods. She is usually plotting to favor the Greeks over the Trojans, or against one of the females who has caught the eye of Zeus.

Mesopotamian, Assyrian & Babylonian Gods and Goddesses
Assyrian Gods and Goddesses and Babylonian Gods and Goddesses

Dionysus - Greek God of Wine and Drunken Revelry
While his half-brother Apollo personifies the cerebral aspects of mankind, Dionysus represents the libido and gratification. Learn more.

Plato - One of the Most Important Philosophers
He was one of the most famous, respected, and influential philosophers of all time. A type of love (Platonic) is named for him. Learn more.

Understanding and Using Latin Adverbs
Latin adverbs provide information in a sentence about manner, degree, cause, place, or time. Learn more.

Early Ancient Greek Philosophers
Instead of attributing creation to anthropomorphic gods, these philosophers broke tradition and formed the early basis for science and natural philosophy.

Who Was Hannibal? - Profile of Rome's Greatest Enemy
Hannibal, leader of the military forces of Carthage, almost overpowered Rome, and was considered Rome's greatest enemy. Learn more.

Pericles (Leader of Athens) Biography
Pericles was the leader of Athens at the time of the building of the Parthenon and the Peloponnesian War.

Latin Case - Vocative Endings - Et tu, Brute?
The vocative case is used to address someone by name, much as we would say,

Timeline of Battles and Treaties in Peloponnesian War
Greek against Greek, the war wore both sides down leading to a state where the leader of Macedonia and his sons, Philip and Alexander, could take control.

Timeline of Major Events in the Life of Cleopatra
Do you know how old Cleopatra was when she came to power? When she committed suicide? Follow along on this timeline of Cleopatra from birth to death.

Latin Demonstrative Pronouns List: Hic, Ille, Iste, Is
Demonstrative pronouns can stand alone -- like nouns, but demonstrative adjectives can't. See the declension of the Latin demonstrative pronouns.

Who Is Ulysses? - Homer's Odyssey
Ulysses is the hero of the Odyssey, the Greek epic poem attributed to Homer. He spends 10 years trying to get home after the Greeks win the Trojan War.

Was Hannibal, Enemy of Ancient Rome, Black?
The answer depends on what you mean by 'black', whether you equate it with African, a nuance thereof, or something else. Learn more.

Summary of the Medea Tragedy by Euripides
As we learn from the nurse in the opening scene, in Euripides' Medea, Medea and Jason have lived together as husband and wife in Corinth. Learn more.

55 B.C. - 450 A.D. Roman British Timeline
This Roman Britain timeline looks at the events in Britain from the time the Romans first invaded it to the aftermath of their departure.

The Two Types of Titans in Greek Mythology
Learn about the two generations of the enormous mythological creatures known as Titans.

J Page for the Ancient / Classical History Glossary
Glossary entries for the letter J for Ancient/Classical History.

The Persian Wars: The Battle of Marathon in 490 B.C.
The Battle of Marathon was an important moment for the victorious Athenians, renowned today more for a legendary runner than the battle itself.

Aeschylus - Greek Tragedy Writer Profile
Aeschylus is one of a handful of Greek playwrights whose work we have in any quantity. Read about this poetic innovator during the Classical period.

Paris in the Ancient World: Trojan and Tribal
Read about the Trojan prince named Paris or Alexander who is charged with starting the Trojan War.

War Goddesses of the Ancient World
A list of war goddesses from ancient mythology.

War Goddesses of the Ancient World
A list of war goddesses from ancient mythology.

When Was the Biblical Exodus?
Exodus is not only the name of a book in the Old Testament but a momentous event for the Hebrew people -- their departure from Egypt. Learn more.

The Life and Legacy of Aristotle
Aristotle (384–322 B.C.) was one of the most important western philosophers, a student of Plato, and teacher of Alexander the Great. Learn more.

The Tiber River of Rome - Ancient History Glossary
The Tiber flows from the Appenines at Mount Fumaiolo through Rome and into the Tyrrhenian Sea at Ostia. Learn more.

Early Religion in Ancient Mesopotamia
Ancient Mesopotamians attributed the forces of nature to the workings of divine forces. Since there are many forces of nature, so there were many gods.

Profile of Ajax: Greek Hero of the Trojan War
Ajax is known for his size and strength, so much so that the tag line of a popular cleaning product was

The Genre of Epic Literature and Poetry
When we refer to epic poetry in the context of ancient literature, we usually refer to The Iliad, The Odyssey, and The Aeneid. Learn more.

Lucius Quinctius Cincinnatus - Republican Leader of Rome
Cincinnatus was a Roman farmer, dictator, and consul from the legendary period of Roman history. He gained fame as a model of Roman virtue. Learn more.

Geography of Ancient Greece
Greece, a country in southeastern Europe whose peninsula extends from the Balkans into the Mediterranean Sea, is mountainous, with many gulfs and bays.

Who Was the Ruler Known as King Porus of Paurava?
Find out who King Porus of Paurava was, what time period he is believed to have lived, and about his relationship with Alexander the Great.

Ancient Greek and Roman Clothing
Five facts about ancient Greco-Roman clothing.

Hadrian's Wall - History of the Roman Britain Wall
The Roman Emperor Hadrian started to build what became known as Hadrian's Wall to keep the 'barbarian' Picts from Scotland out of Roman Britain.

An Explanation of the Term Trojan Horse
The Trojan Horse is a crafty contraption that allowed the Greeks to put an end to the 10-year-old Trojan War. Learn more.

Latin Cardinal Numbers - For Counting
Latin numbers are usually adjectives. When there are three forms, the Latin number has a masculine, feminine, and neuter form. Learn more.

Menes - Legend of the First King of Egypt
In Egyptian legend, the first king of Egypt was Menes. He is credited with introducing papyrus and writing (Pliny), founding cities, building dikes, & more.

Hera - Queen of the Gods in Greek Mythology
The goddess Hera was the queen of the Greek gods, sister and wife of Zeus and goddess of marriage. Hera is described as a jealous goddess.

Weapons of the Roman Gladiators - Arms and Armor
Gladiators were the football players of their time - whether football conjures images of gridiron football or the World Cup. Learn about their weapons.

The Flood Myth of Deucalion and Pyrrha
The story of Deucalion and Pyrrha is the flood myth of Greek mythology.

Assyria and the Assyrians - Introduction and History
Practice makes perfect. After centuries of trying to become masters of their world, the Assyrians succeeded -- with a vengeance.

Tarquin the Proud - the Last King of Rome
Following the rape of Lucretia by his son, and his own haughty behavior, Tarquin the Proud was expelled from Rome, becoming the last king of Rome.

Major Events in the Life of Alexander the Great
Want to check which battle Alexander first fought in or what year he became the Macedonian leader? This short timeline shows such events at a glance:

Biblical King Solomon - Interesting Facts
King Solomon was the last of the Biblical kings of the United Monarchy period. He has been credited with writing Ecclesiastes, Proverbs, and Song of Songs.

The Tigris River - Ancient/Classical History Glossary
Facts and information on the Tigris River, one of the two main rivers of the ancient city Mesopotamia (modern Iraq).

Index of Maya Gods and Goddesses
In addition to gods being in charge of specific functions or places, Maya gods appear to have ruled during specific segments of time.

Origin of the Saying: Beware of Greeks Bearing Gifts
When the

Agamemnon - Greek King of the Trojan War
Agamemnon, the leading king of the Greek forces in the Trojan War, became king of Mycenae by driving out his uncle, Thyestes. Learn more.

The Gracchi Brothers - Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus
The Gracchi were Roman brothers who tried to reform Rome's social and political structure to help the lower classes, in the 2nd century B.C.

Goddesses of Greek Mythology
In Greek mythology, these Greek goddesses frequently interact with mankind, sometimes benevolently, but often ruthlessly.

Cerberus - The Three-Headed Hell Hound of Hades
Cerberus was a fierce, pitiless, flesh-eating watchdog, stationed by the River Styx, where he would keep the living from entering the land of the dead.

About Helios - Greek God of the Sun
Helios is the Greek sun god and the sun itself. He sees everything that happens during the day, so he acts as tale-bearer to the gods.

The Period of Five Good Emperors
After the period of the 12 Caesars came a time when Rome was ruled by five good emperors in a row.

Prince Hector of Troy - Character Profile
Hector was the greatest Trojan hero of the Trojan War, the main defender of Troy, and a favorite of Apollo.

5 Reasons the Real-Life King Midas Was a Boss
The real-life King Midas had an incredible golden touch in the afterlife! Check out his amazing tomb and all of its goodies.

Theseus Maze - The Labyrinth and More
Theseus took part in many adventures of the Greek heroes, including the defeat of the minotaur in the labyrinth. Here is a look at Theseus and some of the myths in which he played a major role.

Tellus or Terra Mater
Tellus Mater is a Latin name of a Roman goddess, known in English as Earth Mother.

Roman Imperial Succession in the Julio-Claudian Era
During the Julio-Claudian era, the Roman Empire was still new and imperial succession strategies were being worked out.

Map of Asia from the Ganges to China showing 35 degrees of Longitude
Map of Asia from the Ganges to China showing 35 degrees of Longitude. Page 28.

Map of Eurasia showing land of tribes like the Sythians as well as areas of the Iranians and Indians
Map of Eurasia showing land of tribes like the Sythians as well as areas of the Iranians and Indians. Page 27.

Layout of the Ancient Greek Theater
Help on the physical layout of the ancient Greek theater.

The Orchestra and Skene in the Greek Theater
Help on the physical layout of the ancient Greek theater, including the skene and orchestra. Page 2 of a 7-part series.

Theater at Delphi Orchestral Pit
Theater at Delphi. Ancient/Classical History.

Theater of Epidauros
Theater of Epidauros. Ancient/Classical History.

The Theater of Miletus
The Theater of Miletus. Ancient/Classical History.

Theater of Halicarnassus
Help on the physical layout of the ancient Greek theater.

Theatre of Fourvière
Theatre of Fourvire. Ancient/Classical History.

Ancient Egypt Picture Gallery
Ancient Egypt

Ancient Egypt Picture Gallery
Ancient Egypt

Ancient Egypt Picture Gallery
Ancient Egypt

Who Is the Roman Goddess Venus?
Aspects of the goddess of love, the goddess Venus, the Roman Aphrodite.

Aphrodite - Photo of the Birth of Aphrodite
Roman picture of the birth of Aphrodite

Aphrodite - Photo of Copy of Praxiteles' Aphrodite of Knidos
copy of Praxiteles' Aphrodite of Knidos.

Aphrodite - Photo of Aphrodite of Melos aka Venus de Milo
Aphrodite of Melos aka Venus de Milo

Maps of Ancient Egypt
A public domain map of Ancient Egypt, the Nile, and its delta, with a short description of the Nile.

Ancient Egypt
Ancient Egypt, from The Atlas of Ancient and Classical Geography by Samuel Butler, Ernest Rhys, editor (Suffolk, 1907, repr. 1908).

The East or Orient c. 1450 B.C.
The Orient c. 1450 B.C. Ancient/Classical History.

Ancient Egypt From The Assyrian Empire
Ancient Egypt From The Assyrian Empire and the Region about the Eastern Mediterranean, 750-625 B.C. The Historical Atlas by William R. Shepherd, 1923.

Oriental Empires about 600 B.C. Lydian, Median, Chaldean, and Egyptian Empires
Oriental Empires about 600 B.C. Lydian, Median, Chaldean, and Egyptian Empires

Biography of Diogenes, the Cynic Greek Philosopher
Biography of Diogenes of Sinope, the cynic Greek philosopher. Learn more about his rejection of luxury and his encounters with Alexander the Great.

5 Amazon Queens Who Rocked the Ancient World
Do you know the names of the most important Amazon women? Here are a couple of kick-ass conquerors who ruled the ancient world.

Non-Standard Roman Male Sexuality
Greek and Roman attitudes towards sexuality weren't exactly the same.

Cicero Letter to Atticus XV.15 - The English and Latin Text of Cicero's Letter to Atticus XV.15
Cicero's Letter to Atticus XV.15 from June 44 B.C.

5 Times Game of Thrones Was Influenced By Ancient History and Myth
Waiting for the next season or volume of A Song of Ice and Fire? Get your Game of Thrones fix...with a mythological twist!

The Beginning of the Ionian Revolt
Information about Aristagoras of Miletus and the Naxos Expedition, the beginning of the Ionian Revolt, and the start of the Greco-Persian Wars.

Valens and the Battle of Adrianople (Hadrianopolis)
Emperor Valens lost the Battle of Adrianople in the Eastern Roman Empire, in A.D. 378. The Battle of Adrianople was one of the crucial turns leading to the ultimate Fall of the Roman Empire.

The Battle of Adrianople (Hadrianopolis)
The Battle of Adrianople (Hadrianopolis). Page 2.

The Egyptian God Thoth and Egyptian Mythology
Information on the Egyptian god Thoth.

Roman Emperor Theodosius the Great
Theodosius I was originally emperor of the Eastern provinces of Rome, based in Constantinople, but became the last emperor to control the Roman Empire.

The Theban Stories
In Greek Mythology, especially as shown in Greek tragedy, these are the three focal points to the stories about Thebes.

Veturia with Coriolanus
Veturia pleads with her son Coriolanus not to attack the Romans.

Cornelia - The Mother of the Gracchi Cornelia
The Mother of the Gracchi, Cornelia.

Agrippina the Younger - Mother of Nero
Agrippina the Younger - Mother of Nero

St. Helena - Mother of Constantine
St. Helena was the mother of the Emperor Constantine and may have influenced his conversion to Christianity.

Galla Placidia - Mother of Emperor Valentinian III
Galla Placidia - Mother of Emperor Valentinian III

Pulcheria - The Empress Pulcheria
Pulcheria. Ancient/Classical History.

Julia Soaemias
Julia Soaemias. Ancient/Classical History.

Julia Domna
Julia Domna was the wife of the Roman Emperor Septimius Severus and the mother of Roman emperors Geta and Caracalla.

Medea and Her Children - Medea Is a Poisonous Mother
Poisonous Mother. Ancient/Classical History.

Ancient Mothers - Pictures of Famous Ancient Mothers
Most of ancient history deals with famous men, but there were also many famous women, most of whom were also mothers. Here are some of the diverse types of ancient mothers from mythology and Greek and Roman history.

Cybele - Great Mother
Cybele - Great Mother. Ancient/Classical History.

Strangest Births in Ancient Myths and Legends
Here are some of the strangest ancient births reported in the ancient world. Zeus had an active role in most of these.

About the Most Famous Legendary Greek Mothers
Legendary Greek Mothers. Helen of Troy, Jocasta, Clytemnestra, Andromache, Agave, Alcmene and Penelope were among the most famous of the legendary Greek mothers.

Worst Fathers in Classical Antiquity
We might look to role models for our parental behavior, but it might be worth your while taking a look at these notoriously terrible ancient fathers to see what not to do. Some of these fathers from classical antiquity and classical mythology had reasons and excuses, but in the end, their children suffered.

Trojan War: A New History, by Barry Strauss
Trojan War: A New History, by Barry Strauss, re-examines the Iliad of Homer and other works of the epic cycle, as well as archaeological evidence and written material about the Bronze Age in the Near East, to present evidence that the Trojan War actually did take place much as Homer describes it. Page 5.

Trojan War: A New History, by Barry Strauss. Causes of the Trojan War
Trojan War: A New History, by Barry Strauss, re-examines the Iliad of Homer and other works of the epic cycle, as well as archaeological evidence and written material about the Bronze Age in the Near East, to present evidence that the Trojan War actually did take place much as Homer describes it. Page 2.

Trojan War: A New History, by Barry Strauss
Trojan War: A New History, by Barry Strauss, re-examines the Iliad of Homer and other works of the epic cycle, as well as archaeological evidence and written material about the Bronze Age in the Near East, to present evidence that the Trojan War actually did take place much as Homer describes it. Page 11.

Trojan War: A New History, by Barry Strauss
Trojan War: A New History, by Barry Strauss, re-examines the Iliad of Homer and other works of the epic cycle, as well as archaeological evidence and written material about the Bronze Age in the Near East, to present evidence that the Trojan War actually did take place much as Homer describes it. Page 9.

Labors of Hercules - Pictures of the 12 Labors of Hercules
Pictures of the 12 Labors of Hercules performed for Eurystheus. Page 4.

Labors of Hercules - Pictures of the 12 Labors of Hercules
Pictures of the 12 Labors of Hercules performed for Eurystheus. Page 3.

Labors of Hercules - Pictures of the 12 Labors of Hercules
Pictures of the 12 Labors of Hercules performed for Eurystheus. Page 10.

Picture Related to Hercules' 9th Labor - the Belt of Hippolyte.
For his ninth labor, Hercules was to bring Eurystheus the belt of the Amazon Hippolyte. Here is a related picture and a description of the task. Page 9.

Picture of Hercules Performing His Sixth Labor.
Eurystheus assigned Hercules the task of the killing of the Stymphalian Birds. Read about it. Page 6.

Labors of Hercules - Pictures of the 12 Labors of Hercules
Pictures of the 12 Labors of Hercules performed for Eurystheus. Page 11.

Labors of Hercules - Pictures of the 12 Labors of Hercules
Pictures of the 12 Labors of Hercules performed for Eurystheus. Page 7.

Labors of Hercules - Pictures of the 12 Labors of Hercules
Pictures of the 12 Labors of Hercules performed for Eurystheus. Page 12.

Pictures of the 12 Labors of Hercules - Stables of Augeas
A picture showing some of the labors of Hercules, including the cleansing of the Augean Stables, plus a description of the task. Page 5.

Hercules and the Lernaean Hydra - The Labor of Hercules and the Lernaean Hydra
Pictures of the 12 Labors of Hercules performed for Eurystheus. Page 2.

Labors of Hercules - Pictures of the 12 Labors of Hercules
Pictures of the 12 Labors of Hercules performed for Eurystheus.

Labors of Hercules - Pictures of the 12 Labors of Hercules
Pictures of the 12 Labors of Hercules performed for Eurystheus. Page 8.

Pictures of the 12 Labors of Hercules
Pictures of the 12 Labors of Hercules performed for Eurystheus.

3 Ancient Military Leaders You Need to Know
Learn about three intriguing military men from Greece, Rome, and Egypt.

10 Greatest Ancient Military Leaders
List of the greatest warriors in the ancient world.

FAQs About the Trojan War
Top questions about the Trojan War, movies about the Trojan War and Homer's Iliad and Odyssey.

All About the 12 Labors of Hercules
The 12 Labors of Hercules are stories in which the hero demonstrates his superhuman strength against mostly monsters he is sent to defeat by his cowardly cousin, King Eurystheus.

The Trojan War
Find information on subtopics of Homer's Iliad or subscribe to a related newsletter.

Heracles Fights Triton
Heracles Fights Triton. Ancient/Classical History.

Why You Should Care About Palmyra
ISIS has taken over the Syrian city of Palmyra. Here are four reasons Palmyra is an incredible treasure of the ancient world.

Maps of Ancient Syria
Maps of ancient Syria. Ancient/Classical History.

Ancient Egyptian Terms for Children
A list of elementary ancient Egyptian terms for children to know.

Pontifex Maximus
The highest Roman priestly office was that of the pontifex maximus.

An Introduction to Sumer in Ancient History
Civilization is said to have started in Sumer -- the land between the two rivers, the Tigris and the Euphrates.

Learn About the Major Stoic Philosophers
Here is a list of some of the major Greek and Roman Stoic philosophers. Stoic philosophers advocated a virtuous life style with happiness as a by-product.

Greek and Roman Sacrifice Rituals
Sacrifice was the essential element of Greek and Roman religious rituals.

Greek Eros and Philia Love Magic
The needs of men and women in the arena of love were different and required different types of magic; the men using eros magic, and the women philia or agape magic.

Who Is Shiva in Ancient Hindu History?
Shiva is one of the main gods in the Hindu pantheon.

Who Were the Roman Consuls and How Did They Rule Rome?
Learn about the ancient Roman political prize known as the position of consul.

The Seleucids and Their Dynasty
The Seleucids were successors of Alexander the Great in the eastern part of his empire until 64 B.C.

Rome - Articles on the End of the Republic
Resources on the end of the Republic of Rome, the turblent period from the Gracchi to the elevation of Octavian (Augustus).

The Growth of Rome - Ancient History
An introductory look at the growth of Rome, how Rome expanded its power to become master of Italy.

Augustus as Priest
Augustus as Priest. Ancient/Classical History. Page 100.

Roman Latrines - Photo of Roman Latrines in Roman Spain
Roman Latrines - Photo of Roman Latrines in Roman Spain. Page 92.

Athens, Toilets in the Roman Agora - Photo of Roman Latrines in Athens, Toilets in the Roman Agora
Roman Latrines - Photo of Athens, Toilets in the Roman Agora. Page 93.

Benjamin West's Agrippina Landing at Brundisium with the Ashes of Germanicus
Benjamin West's Agrippina Landing at Brundisium with the Ashes of Germanicus. Page 74.

Assassination of Julius Caesar
Julius Caesar was assassinated on the Ides of March by fellow senators. Page 70.

Belisarius as a Beggar, by François-André Vincent, 1776.
Belisarius as a Beggar, by Franois-Andr Vincent, 1776. Page 73.

Bust of Janus, Vatican Museum
Bust of Janus, Vatican Museum. Ancient/Classical History. Page 77.

Cloaca Maxima
Cloaca Maxima. Ancient/Classical History. Page 3.

Coliseum
Coliseum. Ancient/Classical History.

House of the Faun
Ancient/Classical History. Page 65.

The Death of Seneca, by Luca Giordano 1684, in the Louvre
The Death of Seneca, by Luca Giordano 1684, in the Louvre. Page 75.

Claude Lorrain, Egeria Mourning over Numa,
Claude Lorrain, Egeria Mourning over Numa, and a passage on the topic from Ovid. Page 68.

Expansion of Rome
Expansion of Rome. Ancient/Classical History. Page 96.

Faun From the Front of the House of the Faun in Pompeii
Faun From the Front of the House of the Faun in Pompeii. Page 66.

Gladiators
Gladiators. Ancient/Classical History. Page 78.

Favorites of the Emperor Honorius, by John William Waterhouse. 1883.
Favorites of the Emperor Honorius, by John William Waterhouse. 1883. Page 67.

House of the Marine Venus
House of the Marine Venus. Ancient/Classical History. Page 87.

Map of the city of Rome Showing the Aurelian Gates
Map of the city of Rome Showing the Aurelian Gates. Page 36.

Julius Caesar
Julius Caesar. Ancient/Classical History. Page 14.

Layout of Pompeii
Layout of Pompeii. Ancient/Classical History. Page 88.

Gallery of Ancient Rome
Ancient Rome in Pictures. A gallery of Ancient Rome. Page 90.

Ancient Rome - Gallery of Ancient Rome
Ancient Rome in Pictures. A gallery of Ancient Rome. Page 89.

Peutinger Tablet
Part of Tabula Peutingeriana, konrad millers facsimile from 1887. Page 81.

Rape of Lucretia, by Titian, 1488/90. Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge.
Rape of Lucretia, by Titian, 1488/90. Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge. Page 69.

Roman Britain c. 410 A.D.
Roman Britain c. 410 A.D. Ancient/Classical History. Page 80.

Roman Empire c. 450 showing the Hunnic Empire, as well
Roman Empire c. 450 showing the Hunnic Empire, as well. Page 95.

Romulus and Remus. The Wolf With Romulus and Remus.
Romus and Remus with the Wolf. Ancient/Classical History. Page 4.

Saint Augustine
Saint Augustine Bishop of Hippo. Ancient/Classical History. Page 99.

The Byzantine Emperor Honorius, by Jean-Paul Laurens, 1880, at the Chrysler Museum of Art, Norfolk, USA.
The Byzantine Emperor Honorius, by Jean-Paul Laurens, 1880, at the Chrysler Museum of Art, Norfolk, USA. Page 71.

The Roman Empire about 395
The Roman Empire about 395. Ancient/Classical History. Page 79.

Tiber River
Tiber River. Ancient/Classical History. Page 11.

Ancient Rome - Gallery of Ancient Rome
Ancient Rome in Pictures. A gallery of Ancient Rome. Page 91.

Public Roman Toilets - Reconstructed Public Roman Toilets or Latrine
Public Roman Toilets or Latrine. Ancient/Classical History. Page 94.

Ancient Rome - Gallery of Ancient Rome
Pictures of people, places, and objects from Ancient Rome and the Roman Empire. Photos to help bring back to life your picture of Ancient Rome. Page 101.

Ancient Women
Most of ancient history deals with famous men, but there were also many famous women, most of whom were also mothers. Here are some of the diverse types of ancient mothers from mythology and Greek and Roman history. Page 59.

Alexander Severus - Roman Emperor Alexander Severus
Roman Emperor Alexander Severus was the last of the Syrian emperors. Page 37.

Aurelian - Roman Emperor Aurelian
Emperor Aurelian may have had the only wife who ruled as empress for a short time after his death. Page 35.

Caracalla - Roman Emperor Caracalla
Caracalla succeeded his father Septimius Severus to the throne. Page 33.

Catullus - Who Is the Latin Poet Catullus
About the Roman Poet Catullus. Ancient/Classical History. Page 55.

Commodus - Roman Emperor Commodus
Commodus was one of worse behaved Roman emperors. Page 47.

Constantine the Great - Picture of Constantine the Great
Constantine I is known as Constantine the Great and is the Roman emperor responsible for making Rome Christian. Page 41.

Ancient Women
Most of ancient history deals with famous men, but there were also many famous women, most of whom were also mothers. Here are some of the diverse types of ancient mothers from mythology and Greek and Roman history. Page 58.

Didius Julianus - Roman Emperor Didius Julianus
Roman emperor Didius Julianus was assassinated by his successor Septimius Severus. Page 31.

Diocletian Roman Emperor Diocletian
Roman Emperor Diocletian was one of the most unique emperors, at least from our perspective. He stepped down from office and not just once, but twice, and that after divying up his power into four parts. Page 49.

Domitian - Roman Emperor Domitian
The Roman Emperor Domitian was the son of Vespasian and one of the bad emperors of Rome. Page 51.

Elagabalus - Roman Emperor Elagabalus
Elagabalus earned notoriety for his effeminate manner of dress and his Syrian customs. Page 34.

Galerius - Roman Emperor Galerius
When Diocletian split the Roman Empire into the four-part tetrarchy Galerius received a share. Page 39.

Galla Placidia
Most of ancient history deals with famous men, but there were also many famous women, most of whom were also mothers. Here are some of the diverse types of ancient mothers from mythology and Greek and Roman history. Page 60.

Horace - Who Is the Roman Poet Horace
About the Latin poet Horace. Ancient/Classical History. Page 54.

Julia Domna
Julia Domna was the wife of the Roman Emperor Septimius Severus and the mother of Roman emperors Geta and Caracalla. Page 64.

Julia Soaemias
Julia Soaemias. Ancient/Classical History. Page 63.

Julian the Apostate - Picture of Julian the Apostate
Julian the Apostate was the last relative of Constantine, but still held to the pagan ways and wished to make the Roman Empire non-Christian once again. Page 42.

Justinian - Roman Emperor Justinian
Looking back at history, after Justinian, the Roman Emperors located at Byzantium/Constantinople were no longer considered emperors of the (Western) Roman Empire. Page 46.

Lucius Verus - Roman Emperor Lucius Verus
Lucius Verus ruled together with Emperor Marcus Aurelius. Page 29.

Lucretius - Who Is the Roman Poet Lucretius
About the Roman Poet Lucretius. Ancient/Classical History. Page 56.

Macrinus - Roman Emperor Macrinus
Macrinus was the first Roman emperor not to have come the classes. Page 48.

Maximinus - Roman Emperor Maximinus
Roman Emperor Maximinus was part of the tetrarchy that Diocletian created by splitting his empire into four parts. Page 40.

Ovid - Who Is the Latin Poet Ovid
About the Roman Poet Ovid. Ancient/Classical History. Page 57.

Pertinax - Roman Emperor Pertinax
Pertinax may have been involved in the assassination of Commodus, but shortly succumbed to his own assassination. Page 30.

Septimius Severus - Roman Emperor Septimius Severus
Septimius Severus was the first of the soldier emperors. Page 32.

Ancient Women
Most of ancient history deals with famous men, but there were also many famous women, most of whom were also mothers. Here are some of the diverse types of ancient mothers from mythology and Greek and Roman history. Page 62.

Terence - Who Is the Latin Poet Terence
About the Roman Poet Terence. Ancient/Classical History. Page 53.

Tiberius - Roman Emperor Tiberius
Tiberius reigned as emperor of Rome from A.D. 14-37. Page 50.

Valentinian - Picture of Valentinian
Coin of Valentinian reading DNValentinianusPFAUG. Page 43.

Valentinian II - Roman Emperor Valentinian II
Valentinian II ruled as Roman emperor from 375-May 15, 392 in control of Italy, part of Illyricum, and Africa, under the regency of his mother Justina. Page 44.

Roman Emperor Valerian with Persian King Sapor
Roman Emperor Valerian with the Persian King Sapor. Page 38.

Vergil - Who Is the Latin Poet Vergil
The ancient poet Vergil. Ancient/Classical History. Page 52.

Ancient Women
Most of ancient history deals with famous men, but there were also many famous women, most of whom were also mothers. Here are some of the diverse types of ancient mothers from mythology and Greek and Roman history. Page 61.

Portrait of Theodosius I
Portrait of Theodosius I. This file is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution ShareAlike 2.0 LicenseC. Strahlheim, Das Welttheater, 4. Band, Frankfurt a.M., 1836. Page 45.

Antoninus Pius - Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius
An adopted emperor, Antoninus exhibited such piety to his

A map showing the empire of Attila and the Huns.
A map showing the empire of Attila and the Huns. Page 82.

Augustus - Picture of the Roman Emperor Augustus
The Roman emperor Augustus was born on September 23, 63 B.C. He died on August 19, A.D. 14. Page 15.

Roman Forum
Roman Forum. Ancient/Classical History. Page 7.

Boudicca
Boudicca. Ancient/Classical History. Page 86.

4th Century Greece and Rome
4th Century Greece and Rome. Ancient/Classical History. Page 83.

Caligula - Roman Emperor Caligula
Caligula was one of the mad Roman emperors. Page 16.

Camillus - 4th Century Dictator of Rome
Camillus was an important enough early Roman leaders to be called the second founder of Rome. He had a checkered career but managed to serve as dictator five times before knocked down by plague. Page 76.

Claudius - Roman Emperor Claudius
Claudius was the bumbling Roman emperor portrayed in a PBS series by Derek Jacoby. Page 17.

Etruscan tombs at Orvieto
Etruscan tombs at Orvieto. Ancient/Classical History. Page 5.

Mór Than's painting, "The Feast of Attila," based on a fragment of Priscus.
Mr Than's painting The Feast of Attila, based on a fragment of Priscus. Page 72.

Temple in the Forum Romanum
Learn about this temple in the Forum Romanum. Page 13.

Galba - Roman Emperor Galba
Galba was the Roman emperor who succeeded Nero to power. Page 19.

Italy - The Growth of Roman Power in Italy
Italy - The Growth of Roman Power in Italy. Page 12.

Hadrian - Roman Emperor Hadrian
Hadrian is one of the Roman emperors known for his massive building projects. Page 26.

Hannibal Barca - Hannibal and His Elephants Cross the Alps
Hannibal Barca. Ancient/Classical History. Page 85.

Marcus Aurelius - Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius
Marcus Aurelius is the emperor known for his philosophical sayings. Page 28.

Nero - Roman Emperor Nero
Nero was the Roman emperor who anachronistically is said to have played his fiddle while Rome burned. Page 18.

Nerva - Roman Emperor Nerva
Nerva was the first of the five good Roman emperors. Page 24.

Otho - Roman Emperor Otho
Imperator Marcus Otho Caesar Augustus was one of the emperors in the year of four emperors. Page 21.

4th Century Greece and Rome
4th Century Greece and Rome. Ancient/Classical History. Page 84.

Roman Forum
Roman Forum. Ancient/Classical History. Page 8.

Plan of the Roman Forum and its Vicinity at the Time of the Republic
Plan of the Roman Forum and its Vicinity at the Time of the Republic. Page 6.

Roman Forum
Roman Forum. Ancient/Classical History. Page 9.

The Temple of Castor and Pollux or Templum Castorum or Aedes Castoris in the Roman Forum
Roman Forum. Ancient/Classical History. Page 98.

Temple of Saturn in the Roman Forum
Roman Forum buildings include the ruins of the Temple of Saturn. Page 97.

Titus - Roman Emperor Titus
Titus was the older son of Vespasian who was involved in the campaigns in Judaea. Page 23.

Trajan - Roman Emperor Trajan
Trajan was one of the five good Roman emperors. Page 25.

Titus Flavius Vespasianus - Roman Emperor Vespasian
Titus Flavius Vespasianus or Vespasian was the last of the emperors in the year of four emperors. Page 22.

12 Caesars - The first dozen emperors of Rome.
Suetonius wrote about the first 12 Caesars of Rome. This list includes Julius Caesar and the first 11 emperors of Rome, from the Julio-Claudians through the Flavians. It includes four of the more notorious emperors of Rome, Tiberius, Caligula, Nero, and Domitian. Page 20.

Map of the City of Roma
Map of the City of Roma. Ancient/Classical History. Page 2.

Pictures of Ancient Rome
Pictures of people, places, and objects from Ancient Rome and the Roman Empire. Photos to help bring back to life your picture of Ancient Rome.

Pictures of Ancient Rome
Pictures of people, places, and objects from Ancient Rome and the Roman Empire. Photos to help bring back to life your picture of Ancient Rome.

Pictures of Ancient Rome
Pictures of people, places, and objects from Ancient Rome and the Roman Empire. Photos to help bring back to life your picture of Ancient Rome.

Pictures of Ancient Rome
Pictures of people, places, and objects from Ancient Rome and the Roman Empire. Photos to help bring back to life your picture of Ancient Rome.

Pictures of Ancient Rome
Pictures of people, places, and objects from Ancient Rome and the Roman Empire. Photos to help bring back to life your picture of Ancient Rome.

Pictures of Ancient Rome
Pictures of people, places, and objects from Ancient Rome and the Roman Empire. Photos to help bring back to life your picture of Ancient Rome.

Pictures of Ancient Rome
Pictures of people, places, and objects from Ancient Rome and the Roman Empire. Photos to help bring back to life your picture of Ancient Rome.

Pictures of Ancient Rome
Pictures of people, places, and objects from Ancient Rome and the Roman Empire. Photos to help bring back to life your picture of Ancient Rome.

Pictures of Ancient Rome
Pictures of people, places, and objects from Ancient Rome and the Roman Empire. Photos to help bring back to life your picture of Ancient Rome.

Barbarian Migrations Map
Barbarian Migrations Map. Ancient/Classical History. Page 29.

Northern Africa at the Start of the Second Punic War
Northern Africa at the Start of the Second Punic War. Page 14.

Europe in the time of Odoacer 476-493 A.D.
Europe in the time of Odoacer 476-493 A.D. Page 32.

Map of the Extent of the Roman Empire
Map of the Extent of the Roman Empire. Page 8.

Maps of Rome and the Roman Empire
Rome spread from a single settlement on the Tiber. First it spread to the surrounding territory, then all of Italy, and then most of western Europe, north Africa, Greece, and Asia Minor. Page 25.

Greece - Greek and Phoenician Settlements in the Mediterranean Basin, about 550 B.C.
Greece - Greek and Phoenician Settlements in the Mediterranean Basin, about 550 B.C. Page 13.

Illyricum
Illyricum. Ancient/Classical History. Page 31.

Imperial City of Rome c. A.D. 350
Imperial City of Rome c. A.D. 350. Page 11.

Aurelian Walls - Map of Rome and the Aurelian Walls
Aurelian Walls - Map of Rome and the Aurelian Walls. Page 10.

Northern Gaul - Map of Gaul and Especially Northern Gaul
Northern Gaul. Ancient/Classical History. Page 27.

Palestine at the Time of Jesus and His Disciples
Palestine at the Time of Jesus and His Disciples. Page 30.

Sicily Inset Map - Plan of Syracuse, Sicily Map
Plan of Syracuse, Sicily Map. Ancient/Classical History. Page 12.

Republican Map of Rome - c. 40 B.C.
Republican Map of Rome - c. 40 B.C.

Asia Minor - Growth of Roman Power
Asia Minor - Growth of Roman Power. Page 19.

Sicily Map
Sicily Map. Ancient/Classical History. Page 5.

Southern Gaul
Southern Gaul. Ancient/Classical History. Page 28.

Maps of the Ancient World - Public Domain Maps of the Ancient World
Public Domain Maps of the Ancient World.. Page 9.

Expansion of Roman Power - Map of the Expansion of Roman Power
Expansion of Roman Power - Map of the Expansion of Roman Power. Page 6.

Expansion of Roman Power Map II
Expansion of Roman Power Map II. Ancient/Classical History. Page 7.

Asia Minor under the Greeks and Romans
Asia Minor under the Greeks and Romans. Page 21.

Europe - Growth of Frankish Power, 481-814
Europe - Growth of Frankish Power, 481-814. Page 18.

Italy - The Growth of Roman Power in Italy
Italy - The Growth of Roman Power in Italy. Page 2.

Reference Map of Ancient Italy, Northern Part
Reference Map of Ancient Italy, Northern Part. Page 3.

Roman Britain c. 410 A.D.
Roman Britain c. 410 A.D. Ancient/Classical History. Page 23.

Roman Empire 1st Century A.D.
Roman Empire 1st Century A.D. Ancient/Classical History. Page 16.

Eastern Half of the Roman Empire
Eastern Half of the Roman Empire. Page 20.

Roman Forum and its Vicinity at the Time of the Republic and Plan of the Imperial Forums
Roman Forum and its Vicinity at the Time of the Republic and Plan of the Imperial Forums. Page 15.

Reference Map of the European Provinces of the Roman Empire
Reference Map of the European Provinces of the Roman Empire. Page 22.

The Roman Empire about 395
The Roman Empire about 395. Ancient/Classical History. Page 17.

[Spain] Hispania
[Spain] Hispania, FromReference Map of the European Provinces of the Roman Empire. Page 24.

Germanic Migrations and Conquests, 150-1066
Germanic Migrations and Conquests, 150-1066. Page 26.

Italy - Reference Map of Ancient Italy, Southern Part
Italy - Reference Map of Ancient Italy, Southern Part. Page 4.

Ancient Central Asia Geography
Ancient Central Asia was a broad, ill-defined swath between the Roman and Chinese Empires.

3 Ancient Rulers with (Allegedly) Murderous Mothers
In honor of Stephanie Thornton's new novel about Alexander the Great, here are three conspiring queens from antiquity, reminiscent of Alexander's mom.

Maps of the Growth and Decline of Roman Power
Maps of Rome, Italy, and the Roman Empire showing the growth and then diminution of Roman power.

Northern Africa at the Start of the Second Punic War
Maps of Rome, Italy, and the Roman Empire showing the growth and then diminution of Roman power.

Territorial Expansion of Rome
Maps of Rome, Italy, and the Roman Empire showing the growth and then diminution of Roman power.

The Roman Empire about 395.
Maps of Rome, Italy, and the Roman Empire showing the growth and then diminution of Roman power.

The Roman and Hunnic Empires about 450.
Maps of Rome, Italy, and the Roman Empire showing the growth and then diminution of Roman power.

Roman Empire 1st Century A.D.
Maps of Rome, Italy, and the Roman Empire showing the growth and then diminution of Roman power.