Ancient/Classical History Sitemap - Page 11 2016-09-26

End of the Roman Republic Timeline
Chronology of events leading to the fall of the Republic and rise of the Empire.

Matronalia - A Roman Festival for Juno
On the anniversary of the foundation of the temple of Juno Lucina on the Esquiline, Roman matrons held a festival known as the Matronalia on March 1.

Study Questions for the Periods of Ancient Roman History
Here are study questions covering the first three periods of Roman history. The four periods of Roman history are the period of kings, the Republic, the Roman Empire and the Byzantine Empire. These eras of Roman history are based on the type or place of central authority or government.

Age at Accession of the Roman Emperors - Table of the Roman Emperors at their Age of Accession
Table showing the age at accession of the Roman emperors.

Deified Emperors of Rome
A list of the deified emperors of Rome.

Damnatio - List of Emperors Whose Memory Was Erased by Senate Decree - Damnatio memoriae
A damnatio list of emperors whose memories were erased.

Pythagoras and Pythagorean Quotes
Quotations associated with Pythagoras and the Pythagoreans. The Golden verses of Pythagoras.

Pythagoras and Pythagorean Quotes
Quotations associated with Pythagoras and the Pythagoreans. The Golden verses of Pythagoras. Page 2.

Artifacts Preserved by the Eruption of Mt. Vesuvius
Sexually explicit art excavated from under sites at Pompeii and Herculaneum which wound up in the Archaeological Museum at Naples' secret room.

Aristotle on Greek Genetic Theory
An introduction to Aristotle's objections to Greek genetic theory. Learn about the prior prevailing genetic theories held by ancient Greek philosophers.

Herodotus on the Battle at Themopylae
What Herodotus has to say about the Battle at Thermopylae where the Spartans under Leonidas made a last stand against the Persians under Xerxes.

Herodotus on the Battle at Themopylae
What Herodotus has to say about the Battle at Thermopylae where the Spartans under Leonidas made a last stand against the Persians under Xerxes. Page 2.

Latin Vocabulary for the Satyricon of Petronius
Latin Vocabulary for the Satyricon of Petronius. Colloquial terms in the Satryricon which will helps you to translate Petronius.

Uruk Timeline - About the Time Period of the Major Mesopotamian Urban Area of Uruk
Uruk was an important early region and city of southern Mesopotamia known today as Warka, and in Biblical literature, as Erech.

Library of Congress Article on Ancient Iraq
Information on ancient Iraq, Mesopotamia,Sumer, Akkad, Babylon, and Assyria, from the Library of Congress.

Library of Congress Article on Ancient Iraq
Information on ancient Iraq, Mesopotamia,Sumer, Akkad, Babylon, and Assyria, from the Library of Congress. Page 2.

Library of Congress Article on Ancient Iraq
Information on ancient Iraq, Mesopotamia,Sumer, Akkad, Babylon, and Assyria, from the Library of Congress. Page 3.

The Boar's Head Carol
Because of its role in causing death and as a valued object of the hunt, the boar has a place in the lore about Christmas, especially the song known as the Boar's Head Carol. The image of the boar's head with an apple in its mouth typifies the old-fashioned Christmas table.

Narcissus and Echo in Ovid's 'Metamorphoses'
In the section on Narcissus and Echo, from Ovid's 'Metamorphoses', Tiresias warns about the dangers of letting Narcissus get to know himself.

Tiresias in Ovid's Metamorphoses
In the Metamorphoses (of Transformations) if Ovid, one of Midusmmer Night's Dream-like stories within a story is about the fulfillment of the transgendered blind seer Tiresias' prophecies.

Praxis Grammatica - Practice Your Latin With Praxis Grammatica
Praxis Grammatica is a series of Latin sentences that allow you to test your knowledge of Latin.

Why Read the Aeneid by Vergil or Virgil in Latin?
Vergil aka Virgil was the greatest master of Classical Latin poetry. Here are some other reasons to include his Aeneid in Latin as part of your efforts to improve or refresh your reading knowledge of Latin.

The letter A
The 1911 Encyclopedia entry on the letter A, which is relevant to ancient history because it was in the ancient world that the alphabet, including its first letter, was invented.

India and Pakistan - Maps of India, Pakistan, and the Indus Valley
Geography of the ancient Indus Valley, its mountain ranges, rivers, and the major areas of civilization.

India - Gupta and Harsha
India - Gupta and Harsha. The Classical Age refers to the period when most of North India was reunited under the Gupta Empire (ca. A.D. 320-550).

India - Gupta and Harsha
When Gupta disintegration was complete, the classical patterns of civilization continued to thrive not only in the middle Ganga Valley and the kingdoms that emerged on the heels of Gupta demise but also in the Deccan and in South India. Page 2.

Tenets of Buddhism
Buddhism is one of the major religions of the world that started with a Hindu prince named Siddharta Gautama, the Buddha.

Teutoberg Forest Battle - Publius Quinctilius Varus and the Battle in the Teutoburg Forest
Information on the defeat of Varus at the battle in the Teutoberg Forest (Wald).

Imperial Rome - Major Battles of the Roman Empire
Names and dates of wars and major battles of the Roman Empire.

Odysseus and Hospitality to Strangers
The world of Odysseus is very different from today because strangers were welcome.

Solstice Celebrations
Ancient or modern, we all celebrate the year's end and the dwindling day light with solstice celebrations and festivals of light.

Saturnalia - Solstice Celebration
Saturnalia was probably the most popular Roman festival. Saturnalia was held in mid-December to honor the god Saturn with feasting, gift giving and role reversal. Page 2.

Dies Natalis Solis Invicti - Mithras - Solstice Celebrations
Mithras (Dies Natalis Solis Invicti) shares religious symbolism with Christianity. Page 4.

Hanukah - Solstice Celebration
Hanukah, Chanukah, or Hanukkah is the name for an ancient Jewish solstice celebration. The Jewish solstice celebration of Chanukah shares little more than festive lights with Christmas.. Page 3.

Introduction to the Agricola by Tacitus - Introduction to the Agricola by Tacitus
An Oxford introduction to the Agricola by Tacitus.

About the Roman Historian Livy
Information on Livy and his magnum opus, Ab Urbe Condita, a history of Rome from its founding. Livy was a Roman historian.

Hercules, Laomedon, and Hesione
The story of Hercules' rescue of the Trojan princess Hesione and revenge agains King Laomedon.

Fourth Labor - Hercules (Heracles - Herakles)
The fourth of the Twelve Labors of Hercules.

Odyssey II: Wily Penelope
The second book of the Odyssey tells about Penelope's wily resourcefulness and her power play with the suitors and reveals Telemachus' fruitless, but tearful attempts to persuade the suitors to leafve his family alone.

Eumenes - Military Commander Eumenes
Eumenes was a military commander under Alexander the Great.

Eumenes - Military Commander Eumenes
Eumenes was a military commander under Alexander the Great. Page 2.

Aesop's Fables - Selections
Selections from Aesop's Fables. Ancient / Classical History.

The Shepherd and the Wolf
Selections from Aesop's Fables. Ancient / Classical History. Page 2.

The Shipwrecked Man and the Sea
Selections from Aesop's Fables. Ancient / Classical History. Page 3.

The Sick Kite
The Sick Kite. Ancient / Classical History. Page 4.

The Sick Lion
Selections from Aesop's Fables. Ancient / Classical History. Page 5.

Greek Tragedy - Setting the Stage
Greek tragedy and comedy were parts of important religious celebrations in ancient Greece. They gradually became more an art form and source of civic pride and responsibility and less strictly ritual.

Roman Senate and Senators According to Livy
Livy shows the role of senators in the early years of Rome, both the monarchy and the Republic.

Roman Senate and Senators According to Livy
Livy shows the role of senators in the early years of Rome, both the monarchy and the Republic. Page 2.

Roman Senate and Senators According to Livy
Livy shows the role of senators in the early years of Rome, both the monarchy and the Republic. Page 3.

1st Triumvirate Timeline
The First Triumvirate -- a word referring to three men, was formed in the Roman Republic after Pompey, Crassus, and Caesar had demonstrated their power.

Wheat - Ancient Food Wheat
The evolution of wheat involves an unusual process of crossbreeding.

Botanical Names - Linnaeus and the Taxonomy of Botanical Names - What Do Botanical Names Mean?
The classification of plant names started by Linnaeus involves the use of Latin and sometimes Greek words.

An Introduction to Wall Inscriptions from Pompeii and Herculaneum
An Introduction to Wall Inscriptions from Pompeii and Herculaneum, by Rex Wallace, provides a guide for those seeking to decipher Pompeiian graffiti.

Prehistory to Dark Age Timeline of Ancient Greece
Prehistory to Dark Age Timeline of Ancient Greece

Abydos - Ancient City of Egypt
This is a 1911 encyclopedia entry on Abydos. Abydos was a a city in ancient Egypt.

Abydos - Ancient City of Egypt
This is a 1911 encyclopedia entry on Abydos. Abydos was a a city in ancient Egypt. Page 2.

Abydos - Ancient City of Egypt
This is a 1911 encyclopedia entry on Abydos. Abydos was a a city in ancient Egypt. Page 3.

Egyptian Tales
The preface to the second volume of W. M. Flinders Petrie, ed. of Egyptian Tales translated from Papyri.

Ancient Eclipses
Solar eclipses have been seen as evil omens whose presence changed the course of battle.

Ancient Eclipses
Solar eclipses have been seen as evil omens whose presence changed the course of battle. Page 2.

Solon's Constitution - Rise of Democracy
Solon's Constitution and How It Helped Lead to the Rise of Athenian Democracy

Dionysus - The Wine God
Dionysus, the wine god, was the son of Semele (and Zeus), nephew of Agave, and cousin of Pentheus. Pentheus, the mortal cousin of Dionysus, didn't believe the divine paternity of Dionysus, imprisoned the god and suffered as a consequence.

Revenge of Dionysus the Wine God
Dionysus, the wine god, was the son of Semele (and Zeus), nephew of Agave, and cousin of Pentheus. Pentheus, the mortal cousin of Dionysus, didn't believe the divine paternity of Dionysus, imprisoned the god and suffered as a consequence. Page 2.

Coriolanus - Plutarch's Biography of Coriolanus and Shakespeare's Coriolanus Play
A comparison of Plutarch's biography of the ancient Roman Coriolanus and Shakespeare's play Coriolanus. Page 4.

Coriolanus - Plutarch's Biography of Coriolanus and Shakespeare's Coriolanus Play
A comparison of Plutarch's biography of the ancient Roman Coriolanus and Shakespeare's play Coriolanus. Page 5.

Coriolanus - Plutarch's Biography of Coriolanus and Shakespeare's Coriolanus Play
A comparison of Plutarch's biography of the ancient Roman Coriolanus and Shakespeare's play Coriolanus.

Coriolanus - Plutarch's Biography of Coriolanus and Shakespeare's Coriolanus Play
A comparison of Plutarch's biography of the ancient Roman Coriolanus and Shakespeare's play Coriolanus. Page 2.

Coriolanus - Plutarch's Biography of Coriolanus and Shakespeare's Coriolanus Play
A comparison of Plutarch's biography of the ancient Roman Coriolanus and Shakespeare's play Coriolanus. Page 3.

Cicero Quotations
Quotations by Marcus Tullius Cicero.

Cybele - Introduction to the Story of Her Love for Attis
About the story of the Great Goddess Cybele.

Quotations From Julius Caesar
A list of quotations attributed to Julius Caesar, with their sources.

Galla Placidia - Short Biography
Galla Placidia was one of the strongest female figures in the western Empire.

Artemis - About the Transitions Goddess Artemis
Artemis is a virginal hunting goddess who takes her modesty seriously. Artemis also smooths life's transitions or passages, like death and childbirth, although she does her share of killing others.

Artemis - The Goddess Artemis Who Seeks Revenge
Artemis is a Greek goddess who seeks revenge. Page 2.

Aphrodite Meddles in Mortal Affairs - Aphrodite and Pygmalion, Atalanta, Pygmalion, and Myrrha
The love goddess Aphrodite meddles in the affairs of many mortals, including Pygmalion, Atalanta, Hippolytus, and Myrrha.

Carthage and the Phoenicians
Background to the Punic Wars between the Phoenicians and Romans.

Vergil's Aeneid - The Aeneid of Vergil (or Virgil) and the Classical Tradition
Vergil's (or Virgil's) Aeneid and the Classical Tradition.

Etruscan Gods and Their Roman Counterparts - Gregory Flood's Etruscan Gods and Their Roman Counterparts
Gregory Flood's Etruscan Gods and Their Roman Counterparts. Etruscan counterparts of Roman gods and goddesses compiled by Gregory Flood.

Roman Gods and Goddesses of Virtues and Personifications - Gregory Flood's Roman Gods and Goddesses of Virtues and Personifications
Roman Gods and Goddesses of Virtues and Personifications compiled by Gregory Flood.

Roman Gods and Goddesses of Agriculture - Gregory Flood's Roman Gods and Goddesses of Agriculture
Roman gods and goddesses of agriculture - compiled by Gregory Flood.

Roman Gods and Goddesses of Children and Childbirth - Gregory Flood's Roman Gods and Goddesses of Children and Childbirth
Roman Gods and Goddesses of Children and Childbirth compiled by Gregory Flood

Book of Ecclesiastes - Old Testament KJV Version of the Book of Ecclesiastes Chapter 1
An e-text of the KJV of the Book of Ecclesiates, Chapter 1.

The Extraordinary Voyage of Pytheas the Greek, The Man Who Discovered Britain - Review
Archaeologist Barry Cunliffe takes anachronistic liberties with his portrayal of ancient travel writer Pyheas the Greek.

The Roman Goddess Fortuna
A picture of the Roman goddess Fortuna.

Argos - About the Greek Polis
Argos was a polis of the Peloponnese in ancient Greece.

Tyrant - The Ancient Version
A tyrant in Greece might have popular support.

4 Stories of Prince Al
Four stories about the youth of Prince Al (Alexander the Great) who, like Prince Hal faced demanding parental expectations.

Bucephalus - Alexander and Bucephalus
The story of the young Alexander and Bucephalus. Page 2.

The End of Alexander's Schooling
The end of the childhood of Alexander the Great. Page 3.

Philip Marries Cleopatra (337 B.C.)
Alexander's father Philip II of Macedonia marries Cleopatra. Page 4.

Philip's alliance with Pixodarus threatens Alexander
Philip's alliance with Pixodarus threatens Alexander. Page 5.

Dead Sea Scrolls Translation of the Community Rule Scroll
Dead Sea Scrolls Translation of the Community Rule Scroll with picture.

Dead Sea Scrolls Translation of The Phylactery Scroll
Dead Sea Scrolls Translation and Picture of the Phylactery Scroll. Page 2.

Dead Sea Scrolls Translation of The Calendrical Document Scroll
Dead Sea Scrolls Translation and Picture of the Calendrical Document Scroll. Page 3.

Dead Sea Scrolls Translation of The Torah Precepts Scroll
Dead Sea Scrolls Translation and Picture of the Torah Precepts Scroll. Page 4.

Hieroglyphic Section of the Rosetta Stone
Hieroglyphic Section of the Rosetta Stone

Aegean Sea and the Surrounding Areas of Mycenaean Greece
Aegean Sea and the Surrounding Areas of Mycenaean Greece

Ancient Aegean Maps
Ancient Aegean Maps. Ancient / Classical History. Page 2.

Characters in the Aeneid - Pictures of Characters in the Aeneid
A look at some of the memorable names of characters from the Aeneid.

Achates - Faithful Achates Companion to Aeneas
Achates is the faithful companion of Aeneas in the Aeneid. Page 2.

Aeneas - Main Character in the Aeneid
Aeneas is the main character in the Aeneid. Page 3.

Dido - Queen Dido of Carthage
In the Aeneid, Dido, queen of Carthage, welcomes Aeneas. Page 4.

Ball Player Disc
This lovely disc shows a ball player with headdress, yoke around his waist, padded arm, kilt, knee protection, and an enormous rubber ball. Page 4.

Sacrifice Scene at El Tajin
Sacrifice Scene at El Tajin. Ancient / Classical History. Page 7.

Chichén Itzá Sacrifice at the Ball Game
Chichén Itzá Sacrifice at the Ball Game. Page 8.

Ball Court Observer's Box
Ball Court Observer's Box. Ancient / Classical History. Page 9.

Saint Augustine - Pictures
Pictures of Saint Augustine, Bishop of Hippo.

Saint Augustine Teaching at Rome
Saint Augustine Teaching at Rome. Page 8.

Egyptian Pyramids - Pictures and Background on Egyptian Pyramids
Pictures of the Egyptian Pyramids.

Bent Pyramid
Bent Pyramid. Ancient / Classical History. Page 4.

Along the Appian Way - Pictures of the Road and Buildings
The Appian Way or Via Appia has been called the Queen of [Roman] Roads.

Appian Way Paving Stones
The Appian Way or Via Appia has been called the Queen of [Roman] Roads. Page 2.

Tomb of Cecilia Metella
Tomb of Cecilia Metella. Ancient / Classical History. Page 3.

Rabirii Family Tomb
The Appian Way or Via Appia has been called the Queen of [Roman] Roads. Page 4.

Appian Way Ornamental Stone
The Appian Way or Via Appia has been called the Queen of [Roman] Roads. Page 5.

Pyramid Texts - What Are the Pyramid Texts
A photo of one of the pyramid texts. Page 6.

Roman Authors Timeline
Dates of major ancient Roman authors.

Roman Authors From the 2nd Century B.C. (199-100)
Dates of major ancient Roman authors. Page 2.

Roman Authors From the 1st Century B.C. (99-0)
Dates of major ancient Roman authors. Page 3.

Roman Authors From the 1st Century A.D. (0-99)
Dates of major ancient Roman authors. Page 4.

Roman Authors From the 2nd Century A.D. (100-199)
Dates of major ancient Roman authors. Page 5.

Domus Aurea - Nero's Golden House or Domus Aurea
The emperor Nero's domus aurea was an enormous, extravagant complex that was largely destroyed by Nero's successors.

Room in the Domus Aurea
The emperor Nero's domus aurea was an enormous, extravagant complex that was largely destroyed by Nero's successors, the Flavian Dynasty. Page 2.

Domus Aurea Mosaic
The emperor Nero's domus aurea was an enormous, extravagant complex that was largely destroyed by Nero's successors. Page 3.

Painted Ceiling of the Domus Aurea
The domus aurea of Nero had impressive features like this painted ceiling. Page 4.

Domus Aurea - Nero's Golden House or Domus Aurea
The emperor Nero's domus aurea was an enormous, extravagant complex that was largely destroyed by Nero's successors. Page 5.

Ara Pacis
A quick look at the Augustan victory monument called the Ara Pacis Augustae.

Minoan Art - Art Work From Knossos and Minoan Akrotiri
Works of art from the palace at Knossos.

Saffron-Gatherers
Works of art from the palace at Knossos. Page 2.

M.I. Finley - The World of Odysseus
Review of M.I. Finley's The World of Odysseus.

The World of Odysseus
Book review of The World of Odysseus, by M.I. Finley. Page 2.

The Servian Reforms of the Roman Army
The second to last king of Rome is credited with creating reforms to Roman society that including reforming the Roman army.

Latin Pronouns
Learn the different types of pronouns in Latin and tips about their declensions.

What You Need to Know About the AP Latin Vergil
A page of resources for those planning to take AP Latin Vergil.

Roman Weaponry
Romany weaponry -- items in the arsenal of Roman soldiers.

Names of the Roman Tribes
The Romans were divided into tribes, first on the basis of family, but soon on the basis of location, and later, even more arbitrary assignments once it was decided not to increase the number of tribes any further. Read about the tribes and the abbreviations you'll find on inscriptions.

About the Republican Era Expansion of Rome Beyond Italy
After Rome gained power over Italy, she turned her attention to the rest of the Mediterranean area and expanded.

Conjugations of Latin Verbs - Regular Latin Verbs
Index of the four conjugations of Latin Verbs.

Index of Types of Latin Verbs
Types of Latin verbs. Ancient / Classical History.

Golden Age of Roman Drama - Timeline of the Golden Age of Latin Drama
Timeline of the Golden Age of Latin Drama.

Latin Religious Words in English
Some words in use in English have their origins in the religion of the Romans. Not all have maintained their religious affiliation.

What Do the Abbreviations on Coins and Inscriptions Say
Learn what they mean and how to read the abbreviations you see on ancient Roman coins and on Roman monuments and other inscriptions.

Latin Interjections
Latin Interjections. List of Common Interjections in Latin.

Gender - Latin and English Differences
One of the differences between Latin and English and one of the challenges facing English-speaking students of Latin is understanding gender in language.

Alphabet - Latin and English Differences
The Roman or Latin alphabet is what we use today, but with modifications.

Agreement - Latin and English Differences in Agreement
One of the differences between Latin and English and one of the challenges facing English-speaking students of Latin is that words in Latin must agree with one another.

Peace of Nicias
The Peace of Nicias was a Peloponnesian War treaty between Sparta and Athens.

Homer
The Greek poet Homer is the blind bard of the Archaic Age of Greece whose name is associated with the great Greek epic poems, the Iliad and the Odyssey.

Shaft Graves - Tombs at Mycenae Shaft Graves
Shaft graves at Mycenae were used to buy warrior chieftains.

Kadesh - What Was the Battle of Kadesh
The Battle of Kadesh was fought between Egypt under Ramses II and the Hittites.

Vindolanda
Vindolanda was a fort town in Roman Britain on the Stanegate Road in northern England.

Toga Pulla - What Is the Toga Pulla
Glossary entry on the Toga Pulla

The Epic Cycle
The works associated with the ancient Greek epic cycle in addition to the Iliad and Odyssey.

Peloponnesian League
The Peloponnesian League was formed in the 6th century with Sparta in charge.

Chaeronea - Battle of Chaeronea
Chaeronea was a decisive victory for Philip and defeat for the independent Greek poleis.

Patrician
We use the term patrician to refer to hereditary nobility, but the patricians had to start somewhere. That place was ancient Rome in the time of the 7 kings.

Profile of the Christian Philosopher Boethius
Boethius was a Christian philosopher and the author of Consolatio Philosophiae or On the Consolation of Philsophy.

Prosody - Systematic Study of the Meter of Poetry
Prosody is the systematic study of poetic meter.

Martial - Marcus Valerius Martialis
The Latin poet Marcus Valerius Martialis or Martial was born March 1, c. A.D. 40 in Spain and died c. 103.

Latin Numbers - The 3 (6) Types
Information on three main types of Latin numbers, plus the three other types.

Latin Grammar - Tips
Tips for reviewing or learning Latin Grammar.

Ecumenical Councils - the Ecumenical councils of the Christian Church
A list of the Ecumenical Councils of the Church with the name of the council, its number, dates, and the presiding pope.

Ecumenical Councils - the Ecumenical councils of the Christian Church
A list of the Ecumenical Councils of the Church with the name of the council, its number, dates, and the presiding pope.

Latin Terms in English - Mostly Legal Latin
The following are some of the Latin terms that are commonly used in English, especially in law.

Was Achilles in the Trojan Horse?
Achilles - Was Achilles in the Trojan Horse? Troy vs the Trojan War.

Provinces of the Roman Empire
List of 54 provinces of the Roman Empire in 120 A.D.

Where in Homer is the Trojan Horse?
Homer finishes the Iliad before the fall of Troy, so where in Homer is the Trojan Horse described?

How Many Latin Verb Endings Are There?
An answer to the question of how many endings you have to get through for the Latin verbs.

Didactic Poetry
Explanation of classical didactic poetry.

Latin Conjunctions
Latin conjunctions join words in sentences. The main conjunctions are et, sed, atque, aut, nec, neque, and -que.

The Dorians
Basic information on the term Dorian and the Greek people it covers.

Ludus - About the Roman School or Ludus
Ludus was the Latin word for a gladiatorial school.

Pliny
Pliny was a Roman writer. Actually, Pliny was the name of two Roman writers, called Pliny the Elder and Pliny the Younger.

Punic - What Does Punic Mean?
An explanation of the term

Aramaic - Ancient Semitic Language
Aramaic is an ancient Semitic language.

Tribunes - About the Roman Officers
Glossary entry on the Roman tribunes.

Ovid's Metamorphoses Book I Story of Apollo and Daphne.
Gianbattista Tiepolo's painting of Apollo Pursuing Daphne.

Ovid's Metamorphoses Book II Story of Europa and Jupiter
In the second book of the Metamorphoses, Ovid tells the story of how the Phoenician princess Europa disappeared. In the third Book her brother Cadmus will set off in pursuit of her. The name of the continent Europe comes from the name of the Princess Europa. Page 2.

Ovid's Metamorphoses Book III Story of Narcissus
In Book III of the Metamorphoses, Ovid tells the story of Echo who was in love with Narcissus and faded away and of Narcissus who pined away for himself until he turned into a flower. Page 3.

Ovid's Metamorphoses Book IV Story of Pyramus and Thisbe
The story of Pyramus and Thisbe according to Waterhouse, based on the story from Book IV of Ovid's Metamorphoses. Page 4.

Ovid's Metamorphoses Book IX Painting of Deianeira and Nessus.
Paintings inspired by Ovid's Metamorphoses. Page 9.

Ovid's Metamorphoses Book V Story of the Rape of Proserpine
The Rape of Proserpine by Hades. Page 5.

Arachne from Ovid Metamorphoses Book VI - Ovid's Tale of the Metamorphosis of Arachne From Book VI of the Metamorphoses
Painting of the contest between Arachne and Minerva inspired by Ovid's Metamorphoses. Page 6.

Ovid's Metamorphoses Story of Jason and Medea from Book VII of Ovid's Metamorphoses.
Ovid's story of Jason and Medea from Book VII of Ovid's Metamorphoses. Page 7.

Ovid's Metamorphoses Story of Philemon and Baucis from the eighth book of Ovid's Metamorphoses
A painting of the story of Philemon from Book VIII of Ovid's Metamorphoses. Page 8.

Ovid's Metamorphoses Story of the Rape of Ganymede from Book X of Ovid's Metamorphoses.
Painting of the Rape of Ganymede, described by Ovid in the tenth book of his Metamorphoses. Page 10.

Ovid's Metamorphoses - Art Based on Ovid's Metamorphoses
Paintings inspired by Ovid's Metamorphoses. Page 11.

Ovid's Metamorphoses - Art Based on Ovid's Metamorphoses Book XII
Paintings inspired by Ovid's Metamorphoses. Page 12.

Ovid's Metamorphoses Story of the Fall of Troy.
The destruction of Troy. Ancient / Classical History. Page 13.

Ovid's Metamorphoses Story of Circe the Sorceress.
Ancient / Classical History. Page 14.

Ovid's Metamorphoses - Art Based on Ovid's Metamorphoses
Paintings inspired by Ovid's Metamorphoses. Page 15.

Ovid's Metamorphoses Through Paintings
Ovid was a Roman poet who wrote an important poem called 'The Metamorphoses' or Transformations, which tells most of the stories from Greek mythology that we still know. Ovid inspired many artists. Here are some of the paintings inspired by his Metamorphoses.

Ovid's Metamorphoses Through Paintings
Ovid was a Roman poet who wrote an important poem called 'The Metamorphoses' or Transformations, which tells most of the stories from Greek mythology that we still know. Ovid inspired many artists. Here are some of the paintings inspired by his Metamorphoses.

Hades - The Greek God
Learn about this largely invisible, important Greek god.

Aristophanes - Old Comedy Writer
Aristophanes was a Greek writer of old comedy who is known for his plays about current events, including the war between Athens and Sparta, and Socrates.

Nero - Roman Emperor Imperator Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus
Imperator Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus was known as the Roman Emperor Nero, the last of the Julio-Claudian emperors. Page 6.

Nero Burning Rome - Why It's A Myth
You've probably heard that Nero burned Rome. Now read why that story just isn't true.

Sunium - What Is Sunium
A quick look at the place in ancient Greece known as Sunium.

Saint Nicholas - St. Nicholas
St. Nicholas is a legendary figure connected with Christmas gift-givers like Santa Klaus.

Latin League - About the Ancient Latin League
The Latin League met in Alba in the time of the Roman kings.

Lake Regillus - Roman Republican Battle of Lake Regillus
The Romans won a battle at Lake Regillus in 499 (496) B.C.

Cities and Islands of the Greeks in Asia Minor
Here are public domain maps of important cities and islands of Greek settlement in Asia Minor.

Satyr and maenad, tondo of a red-figure Attic cup, c. 510 B.C. - 500 B.C.
Bowl: A satyr pursues a maenad, by Euphronius, c. 510-500 B.C. Page 17.

Aristophanes - Who Is the Ancient Greek Poet Aristophanes
About the Greek poet Aristophanes. Page 6.

Amphora from c. 530 B.C.; attributed to the Ivy Painter. At the Boston Museum of Fine Arts.
Amphora from c. 530 B.C.; attributed to the Ivy Painter. At the Boston Museum of Fine Arts.

The Historian Eusebius
Learn about the ecclesiastical historian Eusebius.

Ancient Greek Pottery - Pictures of Ancient Greek Vases
Pictures of Greek Pottery.

Ancient Greek Pottery - Pictures of Ancient Greek Vases
Pictures of Greek Pottery.

Ancient Greek Pottery - Pictures of Ancient Greek Vases
Pictures of Greek Pottery.

What Is Magna Graecia?
What was Magna Graecia? Hint: the Greeks called it Megale Hellas.

The Saraswati
The Saraswati was an important river in ancient India running from the Himalayas to the Arabian Sea.

Peloponnesian War - What Was the Peloponnesian War
Glossary entry on the Peloponnesian War.

The Servian Reforms
Servius Tullius increased the tax basis and added many young men to the list of those who could be recruited for the constant Roman wars. His reforms to Roman society are known as the Servian reforms.

Commodus - Roman Emperor
Commodus was one of the worst behaved Roman emperors. Page 18.

Praetor - Roman Magistrate
Learn what type of magistracy was the position of praetor in ancient Rome.

Dryden translation of Plutarch's Caesar - Captured by Pirates
Here you will read about one of the most interesting events in the early life of Caesar captured by the pirates, as described by Plutarch in his biography of Julius Caesar. Dryden wrote this now public domain translation of Plutarch's Caesar.

Claudius - Roman Emperor Claudius
The Roman Emperor Claudius withstood trouble in the court because no one thought he posed a threat. Page 5.

Domitian - Roman Emperor Domitian
The Roman Emperor Domitian was the last of the 12 Caesars. Page 12.

Galba - Roman Emperor Galba
Galba was the Roman emperor who succeeded Nero to power. Page 7.

Titus - Roman Emperor Titus
The Roman Emperor Titus was the older son of Vespasian who was involved in the campaigns in Judaea. Page 11.

Augustus - Roman Emperor
Imperator Caesar Divi filius Augustus was the official name of the first Roman emperor, Augustus. Page 2.

Otho - Roman Emperor Imperator Marcus Otho Caesar Augustus
Imperator Marcus Otho Caesar or Otho was one of the emperors in the year of the four Roman emperors. Page 8.

Tiberius - Second Roman Emperor Tiberius
Tiberius succeeded Augustus as Roman Emperor. Page 3.

Titus Flavius Vespasianus - Roman Emperor Vespasian
Titus Flavius Vespasianus was known as the Roman emperor Vespasian, founder of the dynasty known as Flavian. Page 10.

Vitellius - Roman Emperor Vitellius
The Roman Emperor Vitellius was one of the Roman emperors in the year of the four emperors. Page 9.

Pyramids at Giza
Pyramids at Giza. Ancient / Classical History. Page 5.

12 Caesars - The First Dozen Emperors of Rome
Thes Suetonius-based list includes Julius Caesar and the first 11 emperors of Rome, from the Julio-Claudians through the Flavians.

63-62 B.C. - Cato, Cicero, and the Conspiracy of Catiline
The Conspiracy of Catiline consisted of men unhappy with the current state of affairs who were willing to take arms against the Roman Republic. Cato and Cicero approved execution of the traitors.

Dionysus the Thrice-Born God
Dionysus or Zagreus had an earlier birth experience than the one involving Semele and Zeus; thereby making him not just twice, but thrice born. Page 2.

Dionysus and the Frenzied Maenads
Photo essay on Dionysus, the product of at least three parents and his ascension to Olympus. Page 3.

Dionysus and the Return of Hephaestus
Dionysus and the Return of Hephaestus. Page 4.

Temple of Athena Nike
About the Temple of Athena Nike. Ancient / Classical History.

Wanderings of Aeneas Part II
Map showing the final half of the map of the wanderings of Aeneas. Page 2.

Fra Filippo Lippi's Vision of Saint Augustine. 1450s-1460s.
Fra Filippo Lippi's Vision of Saint Augustine. 1450s-1460s. Page 2.

Botticelli Coronation of the Virgin with Saints John the Evangelist, Augustine, Jerome and Eligius.
Botticelli Coronation of the Virgin with Saints John the Evangelist, Augustine, Jerome and Eligius. Page 3.

Saint Augustine and Saint Monica
Saint Augustine and Saint Monica. Page 4.

Botticelli Saint Augustine
Alessandro Botticelli. Saint Augustine in the Cell. c.1490-1494. Tempera on panel. Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence, Italy. Page 5.

Botticelli Augustine
Botticelli Augustine. Ancient / Classical History. Page 6.

Miracle of Saint Augustine
Miracle of Saint Augustine. Ancient / Classical History. Page 7.

Mesoamerican Ball Game
Starting about 3500 years ago, the Mesoamericans began to play organized team sports revolving around a bouncing rubber ball.

Maya Ball Court, Chichén Itzá
Maya Ball Court, Chichén Itzá. Page 2.

Scene at the Ball Game
A clay scene from Western Mexico shows what a ball game was like. Page 3.

Rubber balls weren't just for ball games. They were also offered as sacrifices to the gods.
Xiuhtecuhtli. Ancient / Classical History. Page 5.

There is one ball hoop on the right and on the left of the field.
There is one hoop on the right and on the left of the field. Page 6.

Step Pyramid
The step pyramid followed the mastaba as a burial tomb. The first step pyramid was designed by Imhotep in the early 3rd millennium B.C., at Saqqara. Page 2.

Imhotep
Imhotep. Ancient / Classical History. Page 3.

Pyramids at Giza
Pyramids at Giza. Ancient / Classical History. Page 5.

Map of the Regions of Italy
Map of the Regions of Italy. Ancient / Classical History.

Mosaic From the Baths of Caracalla
Photo of part of a mosaic from the Baths of Caracalla. Page 2.

Features of the Baths of Caracalla Compound
The baths or thermae were more than places to take a soak. They were also communal centers. Page 3.

Frigidarium
Frigidarium. Ancient / Classical History. Page 4.

Statue of Emperor Caracalla
Statue of Emperor Caracalla. Ancient / Classical History. Page 5.

Arches of the Baths of Caracalla
The poet Shelley composed seated upon the arches of the Baths of Caracalla. Page 6.

Ara Pacis Tellus Relief
Ara Pacis Tellus Relief. Ancient / Classical History. Page 2.

Location of the Ara Pacis
Location of the Ara Pacis. Ancient / Classical History. Page 3.

Hermes Argeiphontes
Picture showing why Hermes is Hermes Argeiphontes.

Rosettes
Works of art from the palace at Knossos. Page 3.

Papyrus or Sea Lilies
Works of art from the palace at Knossos. Page 4.

Boxing Boys
Works of art from the palace at Knossos. Page 5.

Minoan Art - Art Work From Knossos and Minoan Akrotiri
Works of art from the palace at Knossos. Page 6.

Minoan Art - Art Work From Knossos and Minoan Akrotiri
Works of art from the palace at Knossos. Page 7.

The Temple of Vesta
The Temple of Vesta. Ancient / Classical History.

Alphabet - What Is the Alphabet
Glossary entry on the alphabet. Ancient / Classical History.

Propraetor - What Is a Propraetor
Glossary entry on the propraetor.

Tunica - What Is the Tunica
Glossary entry on the Tunica. Ancient / Classical History.

Aristotle - About Aristotle
Glossary entry on Aristotle. Ancient / Classical History.

Standing Stones of Callanish
Standing Stones of Callanish. Ancient / Classical History.

Nugua - Who Is Nügua
Nügua is a Chinese goddess.

Quaestor - About the Quaestor
Glossary entry on the quaestor. Ancient / Classical History.

Tricksters
The Trickster Gods. Ancient / Classical History.

Balder - Norse God Balder
Balder. Ancient / Classical History.

Gladius
Gladius. Ancient / Classical History.

Pistor
pistor. Ancient / Classical History.

Confucius - Chinese Philosopher
Confucius. Ancient / Classical History.

Antigone - Information on Antigone
Antigone. Ancient / Classical History.

Second Temple Period
Second Temple Period. Ancient / Classical History.

Caste System - What Is the Caste System of India
The origins of the caste system is a social stratification system in the Indian subcontinent.

Latitude
Latitude. Ancient / Classical History.

Censors of the Roman Republic
The three-fold functions of the censors were to register citizens and their property, superintend new buildings and public works, and preserve the public morality.

Athene - Greek Goddess
The Greek goddess of wisdom and the patron of Athens is sometimes called Athene.

Cleopatra - People in the Life of Cleopatra
People in the Life of Cleopatra. Ancient / Classical History.

Theognis - Greek Poet Theognis
Theognis was an ancient Greek elegiac poet.

Caesar and Cleopatra - Fiction Books About Julius Caesar and Cleopatra
Fiction about Julius Caesar and Cleopatra of Egypt.

Food Vendors in Pompeii
Food Vendors in Pompeii. Ancient / Classical History. Page 14.

Ancient Greek Pottery - Picture of an Ancient Greek Pottery Potty
Picture of an ancient Greek pottery potty. Page 25.

Notes to Book I of the Odes of Horace
Notes to Book I of the Odes of Horace. Page 37.

Artemis
Photo of a bust of Artemis. Ancient / Classical History. Page 6.

Apollo is the Greek god of healing, prophecy, and music.
Apollo. Ancient / Classical History. Page 3.

Apollo, Greek God Apollo Picture Gallery
Apollo. Ancient / Classical History. Page 11.

Apollo, Greek God Apollo Picture Gallery
Apollo. Ancient / Classical History. Page 14.

Apollo, Greek God Apollo Picture Gallery
Apollo. Ancient / Classical History. Page 12.

Apollo, Greek God Apollo Picture Gallery
Apollo. Ancient / Classical History. Page 6.

Five Good Emperors - Pictures of the Five Good Emperors
The five good emperors came between the notoriously bad emperors Domitian and Commodus and were grouped together by Edward Gibbon. Page 4.

Five Good Emperors - Pictures of the Five Good Emperors
The five good emperors came between the notoriously bad emperors Domitian and Commodus and were grouped together by Edward Gibbon. Page 3.

Five Good Emperors - Pictures
The five good emperors came between the notoriously bad emperors Domitian and Commodus and were grouped together by Edward Gibbon. Page 5.

Five Good Emperors - Pictures of the Five Good Emperors
The five good emperors came between the notoriously bad emperors Domitian and Commodus and were grouped together by Edward Gibbon. Page 2.

Five Good Emperors - Pictures of the Five Good Emperors
The five good emperors came between the notoriously bad emperors Domitian and Commodus and were grouped together by Edward Gibbon.

Campanian Hera in Marble
Campanian Hera in Marble. Ancient / Classical History.

Apollo, Greek God Apollo Picture Gallery
Apollo. Ancient / Classical History. Page 15.

Apollo, Greek God Apollo Picture Gallery
Apollo. Ancient / Classical History. Page 8.

Apollo, Greek God Apollo Picture Gallery
Apollo. Ancient / Classical History.

Apollo and Hyacinthus
Apollo and Hyacinthus. Ancient / Classical History. Page 4.

Apollo, Greek God Apollo Picture Gallery
Apollo. Ancient / Classical History. Page 16.

Apollo, Greek God Apollo Picture Gallery
Apollo. Ancient / Classical History. Page 10.

Apollo - Greek God Picture Gallery
Pictures of the Greek god Apollo showing some of his many attributes and associations. As a poetry and music god, Apollo leads the Muses. It is because of Apollo that certain shrines staff oracular priests or priestesses who answer questions with ambiguous prophecy. He is also associated with health, both good and bad, and, probably most familiarly, the sun.

Apollo - Greek God Picture Gallery
Pictures of the Greek god Apollo showing some of his many attributes and associations. As a poetry and music god, Apollo leads the Muses. It is because of Apollo that certain shrines staff oracular priests or priestesses who answer questions with ambiguous prophecy. He is also associated with health, both good and bad, and, probably most familiarly, the sun.

Artemis (Diana)
Artemis is the virgin goddess of the hunt who also assists in childbirth. Page 9.

Artemis (Diana)
Artemis is the virgin goddess of the hunt who also assists in childbirth. Page 8.

Artemis (Diana)
Artemis is the virgin goddess of the hunt who also assists in childbirth. Page 7.

Artemis (Diana)
Artemis is the virgin goddess of the hunt who also assists in childbirth. Page 3.

Artemis (Diana)
Artemis is the virgin goddess of the hunt who also assists in childbirth. Page 10.

Artemis (Diana)
Artemis is the virgin goddess of the hunt who also assists in childbirth. Page 11.

Artemis (Diana)
Artemis is the virgin goddess of the hunt who also assists in childbirth. Page 4.

Ceres - Demeter
Ceres - Demeter. Ancient / Classical History. Page 3.

Ceres
Ceres. Ancient / Classical History. Page 4.

Ceres - Demeter
Ceres is the Latin name for the goddess of grain who is called Demeter in Greek. Demeter and her daughter Persephone (Proserpina) is connected with the Eleusinian Mysteries. Page 5.

Poseidon
Poseidon was a brother of Zeus who had as his kingdom the sea. Page 2.

Poseidon
Poseidon was a brother of Zeus who had as his kingdom the sea. Page 4.

Poseidon
Poseidon was a brother of Zeus who had as his kingdom the sea. Page 5.

Demeter and Persephone Consecrating Triptolemus
Frieze Relief of Demeter and Persephone Consecrating Triptolemus. Page 2.

Jupiter et Thétis, 1811, by Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres
Jupiter et Thétis, 1811, by Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres. Page 6.

Temple of Zeus at Olympia
Temple of Zeus at Olympia. Ancient / Classical History. Page 3.

Zeus Courting Ganymede, by the Penthesileia painter. Red-figure kylix from 450 B.C.
Zeus Courting Ganymede, by the Penthesileia painter. Red-figure kylix from 450 B.C. Page 8.

Zeus impregnating Danae.
Zeus impregnating Danae. Ancient / Classical History. Page 9.

Ares - God of War Ares in Greek Mythology - War God Ares.
Ares was the god of war in Greek mythology. Page 7.

Three Greek Gods and Goddess - Apollo, Artemis, and Poseidon
Apollo, Artemis, and Poseidon. Ancient / Classical History. Page 4.

Demeter and Persephone Consecrating Triptolemus
Frieze Relief of Demeter and Persephone Consecrating Triptolemus. Page 2.

Dionysus or Bacchus - God of Wine
Dionysus (Bacchus) painting, by Italian Baroque painter Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio Page 3.

Frieze of Hera and Zeus
Frieze of Hera and Zeus. Ancient / Classical History. Page 5.

Janus
Janus god of beginnings. Ancient / Classical History. Page 6.

gods and goddesses
Gods and Goddesses from Greek mythology.

Frieze of Hera and Zeus
Frieze of Hera and Zeus. Ancient / Classical History. Page 7.

Caligula - Roman Emperor Caligula
Caligula was one of the mad Roman emperors. Page 3.

Claudius - Roman Emperor Claudius
Claudius was the bumbling Roman emperor portrayed in a PBS series by Derek Jacoby. Page 4.

Domitian - Roman Emperor Domitian
The Roman Emperor Domitian was the son of Vespasian and one of the bad emperors of Rome. Page 11.

Galba - Roman Emperor Galba
Galba was the Roman emperor who succeeded Nero to power. Page 6.

Galerius - Roman Emperor Galerius
When Diocletian split the Roman Empire into the four-part tetrarchy Galerius received a share. Page 29.

Marcus Aurelius - Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius
Marcus Aurelius is the emperor known for his philosophical sayings. Page 16.

Nero - Roman Emperor Nero
Nero was the Roman emperor who anachronistically is said to have played his fiddle while Rome burned. Page 5.

Otho - Roman Emperor Otho
Imperator Marcus Otho Caesar Augustus was one of the emperors in the year of four emperors. Page 8.

Roman Emperor Tiberius
Tiberius reigned as emperor of Rome from A.D. 14-37. Page 2.

Titus - Roman Emperor Titus
Titus was the older son of Vespasian who was involved in the campaigns in Judaea. Page 10.

Titus Flavius Vespasianus - Roman Emperor Vespasian
Titus Flavius Vespasianus or Vespasian was the last of the emperors in the year of four emperors. Page 9.

12 Caesars - The first dozen emperors of Rome.
Suetonius wrote about the first 12 Caesars of Rome. This list includes Julius Caesar and the first 11 emperors of Rome, from the Julio-Claudians through the Flavians. It includes four of the more notorious emperors of Rome, Tiberius, Caligula, Nero, and Domitian. Page 7.

Alexander Severus - Roman Emperor Alexander Severus
Roman Emperor Alexander Severus was the last of the Syrian emperors. Page 25.

Antoninus Pius - Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius
An adopted emperor, Antoninus exhibited such piety to his

Aurelian - Roman Emperor Aurelian
Emperor Aurelian may have had the only wife who ruled as empress for a short time after his death. Page 27.

Roman Emperor Caracalla
Caracalla succeeded his father Septimius Severus to the throne. Page 22.

Constantine the Great - Picture of Constantine the Great
Constantine I is known as Constantine the Great and is the Roman emperor responsible for making Rome Christian. Page 31.

Diocletian - Roman Emperor
Roman Emperor Diocletian was one of the most unique emperors, at least from our perspective. He stepped down from office and not just once, but twice, and that after divying up his power into four parts. Page 28.

Elagabalus - Roman Emperor Elagabalus
Elagabalus earned notoriety for his effeminate manner of dress and his Syrian customs. Page 23.

Hadrian - Roman Emperor Hadrian
Hadrian is one of the Roman emperors known for his massive building projects. Page 14.

Justinian - Roman Emperor Justinian
Looking back at history, after Justinian, the Roman Emperors located at Byzantium/Constantinople were no longer considered emperors of the (Western) Roman Empire. Page 36.

Lucius Verus - Roman Emperor Lucius Verus
Lucius Verus ruled together with Emperor Marcus Aurelius. Page 17.

Macrinus - Roman Emperor Macrinus
Macrinus was the first Roman emperor not to have come the classes. Page 24.

Maximinus - Roman Emperor Maximinus
Roman Emperor Maximinus was part of the tetrarchy that Diocletian created by splitting his empire into four parts. Page 30.

Nerva - Roman Emperor Nerva
Nerva was the first of the five good Roman emperors. Page 12.

Trajan - Roman Emperor Trajan
Trajan was one of the five good Roman emperors. Page 13.

Roman Emperor Valerian with Persian King Sapor
Roman Emperor Valerian with the Persian King Sapor. Page 26.

Portrait of Theodosius I
Portrait of Theodosius I. This file is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution ShareAlike 2.0 LicenseC. Strahlheim, Das Welttheater, 4. Band, Frankfurt a.M., 1836. Page 35.

Didius Julianus - Roman Emperor Didius Julianus
Roman emperor Didius Julianus was assassinated by his successor Septimius Severus. Page 20.

Julian the Apostate - Picture of Julian the Apostate
Julian the Apostate was the last relative of Constantine, but still held to the pagan ways and wished to make the Roman Empire non-Christian once again. Page 32.

Pertinax - Roman Emperor Pertinax
Pertinax may have been involved in the assassination of Commodus, but shortly succumbed to his own assassination. Page 19.

Septimius Severus - Roman Emperor Septimius Severus
Septimius Severus was the first of the soldier emperors. Page 21.

Valentinian - Picture of Valentinian
Coin of Valentinian reading DNValentinianusPFAUG. Page 33.

Valentinian II - Roman Emperor Valentinian II
Valentinian II ruled as Roman emperor from 375-May 15, 392 in control of Italy, part of Illyricum, and Africa, under the regency of his mother Justina. Page 34.

Biblical History Maps
Maps of the Holy Lands based on Ancient History and the Bible. Page 2.

Cyclops
The Cyclops were one-eyed giants of Greek mythology. Page 4.

Cyclops
The Cyclops were one-eyed giants of Greek mythology. Page 2.

Cyclops - Picture of the Cyclops from Greek Mythology
The Cyclops were one-eyed giants of Greek mythology. Page 3.

Cyclops
The Cyclops were one-eyed giants of Greek mythology. Page 5.

Cyclops
The Cyclops were one-eyed giants of Greek mythology.

Greek athlete
Greek Athlete. Ancient / Classical History. Page 6.

Panathenaic prize amphora, signed by the potter Kittos, c. 367-366 B.C.
Panathenaic prize amphora, signed by the potter Kittos, c. 367-366 B.C. Page 3.

Athletic Pictures on Greek Pottery
Athletic Pictures on Greek Pottery. Page 10.

Boxers, one with blood, by the Nikosthenes painter. Attic Black-Figure Amphora, c. 520-510 B.C. British Museum.
Boxers, one with blood, by the Nikosthenes painter. Attic Black-Figure Amphora, c. 520-510 B.C. British Museum. . Page 2.

Panathenaic prize amphora. Pancratists, by the Berlin painter. 490 B.C. Staatliche Museen, Berlin.
Panathenaic prize amphora. Pancratists, by the Berlin painter. 490 B.C. Staatliche Museen, Berlin.. Page 5.

Castor. From Theseus and the Gathering of the Argonauts. Attic red-figure calyx-krater, 460-450 B.C. From Orvieto. Niobid Painter
Castor. From Theseus and the Gathering of the Argonauts. Attic red-figure calyx-krater, 460-450 B.C. From Orvieto. Niobid Painter. Page 9.

Women washing clothes. Side A from an Attic red-figure pelike, c. 470 B.C.-460 B.C.
Women washing clothes. Side A from an Attic red-figure pelike, c. 470 B.C.-460 B.C. Page 15.

Dionysos, Ariadne, satyrs and maenads. Side A of an Attic red-figure calyx-krater, c. 400-375 B.C. From Thebes.
Dionysos, Ariadne, satyrs and maenads. Side A of an Attic red-figure calyx-krater, c. 400-375 B.C. From Thebes. Page 6.

Dionysus holding a kantharos (drinking cup). Side A from an Attic red-figure amphora, by the Berlin Painter, c. 490-480 B.C. From Vulci, Italy.
Dionysus holding a kantharos (drinking cup). Side A from an Attic red-figure kantharos, by the Berlin Painter, c. 490-480 B.C. From Vulci, Italy. Page 16.

Eos and Her Chariot. Red-figure krater from South Italy, from 430-420 B.C.
Eos and Her Chariot. Red-figure krater from South Italy, from 430-420 B.C. At Staatliche Antikensammlungen, Munich, Germany. Page 12.

Idas and Marpessa are separated by Zeus. Attic red-figure psykter, c. 480 B.C.
Idas and Marpessa are separated by Zeus. Attic red-figure psykter, c. 480 B.C., by the Pan Painter. Page 14.

Large late Geometric Attic amphora, c. 725 B.C. - 700 B.C.
Large late Geometric Attic amphora, c. 725 B.C. - 700 B.C. Page 2.

Scythian archer. Attic red-figure neck-amphora, 510-500 B.C., by Euphronios
Scythian archer. Attic red-figure neck-amphora, 510-500 B.C. Page 20.

Theseus Fighting the Crommyonian Sow
Theseus Fighting the Crommyonian Sow. Page 11.

Theseus. From Theseus and the Gathering of the Argonauts. Attic red-figure calyx-krater, 460–450 BC. From Orvieto. Niobid Painter
Theseus. From Theseus and the Gathering of the Argonauts. Attic red-figure calyx-krater, 460-450 B.C. From Orvieto. Niobid Painter. Page 8.

Athletic Pictures on Greek Pottery
Athletic Pictures on Greek Pottery. Page 8.

Pankration scene. Black-figured Panathenaic amphora. 5th century B.C. At the Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Pankration scene. Black-figured Panathenaic amphora. 5th century B.C. At the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Page 4.

Athletic Pictures on Greek Pottery
Athletic Pictures on Greek Pottery. Page 7.

Athletic Pictures on Greek Pottery
Athletic Pictures on Greek Pottery. Page 9.

Athletic Pictures on Greek Pottery
Athletic Pictures on Greek Pottery

Maps of the Ancient World
Public Domain maps of the ancient world. Page 5.

Aeneas carrying Anchises. Attic black-figure oinochoe, c. 520-510 BC.
Aeneas carrying Anchises. Attic black-figure oinochoe, c. 520-510 BC. Page 3.

Alcibiades was a very colorful Athenian military leader who was involved in scandals.
Alcibiades was a very colorful Athenian military leader who was involved in scandals. Page 10.

Ancient Women
Most of ancient history deals with famous men, but there were also many famous women, most of whom were also mothers. Here are some of the diverse types of ancient mothers from mythology and Greek and Roman history. Page 5.

Ancient Women
Most of ancient history deals with famous men, but there were also many famous women, most of whom were also mothers. Here are some of the diverse types of ancient mothers from mythology and Greek and Roman history. Page 9.

Ancient Women
Most of ancient history deals with famous men, but there were also many famous women, most of whom were also mothers. Here are some of the diverse types of ancient mothers from mythology and Greek and Roman history. Page 4.

Ancient Women
Most of ancient history deals with famous men, but there were also many famous women, most of whom were also mothers. Here are some of the diverse types of ancient mothers from mythology and Greek and Roman history. Page 8.

Ancient Women
Most of ancient history deals with famous men, but there were also many famous women, most of whom were also mothers. Here are some of the diverse types of ancient mothers from mythology and Greek and Roman history. Page 7.

Julia Domna
Julia Domna was the wife of the Roman Emperor Septimius Severus and the mother of Roman emperors Geta and Caracalla. Page 10.

Julia Soaemias
Julia Soaemias. Ancient / Classical History. Page 11.

Ancient Women
Most of ancient history deals with famous men, but there were also many famous women, most of whom were also mothers. Here are some of the diverse types of ancient mothers from mythology and Greek and Roman history. Page 2.

Ancient Women
Most of ancient history deals with famous men, but there were also many famous women, most of whom were also mothers. Here are some of the diverse types of ancient mothers from mythology and Greek and Roman history. Page 6.

Ancient Women
Most of ancient history deals with famous men, but there were also many famous women, most of whom were also mothers. Here are some of the diverse types of ancient mothers from mythology and Greek and Roman history. Page 3.

Vergil - Who Is the Latin Poet Virgil
A picture of and basic information about the great Latin poet known in English as Vergil or Virgil. He wrote the national epic of Rome called 'The Aeneid.'. Page 10.

Aeschylus - Who Was the Greek Poet Aeschylus
Who Was the Greek Poet Aeschylus. Page 3.

Euripides - Who Is the Greek Poet Euripides
Euripides was the third of the great Greek tragedians. Page 5.

Menander - Who Is the Greek Poet Menander
Menander was an Athenian dramatist who wrote what we call New Comedy. Page 2.

Sophocles - Who Is the Greek Poet Sophocles
Sophocles was the second of the three great Greek tragedians. Page 4.

Itinerary of Alexander the Great
Itinerary of Alexander the Great. Page 17.

Map of the Extent of the Roman Empire
Map of the Extent of the Roman Empire. Page 4.

Maps of Rome and the Roman Empire
Rome spread from a single settlement on the Tiber. First it spread to the surrounding territory, then all of Italy, and then most of western Europe, north Africa, Greece, and Asia Minor. Page 14.

Olympia
These photographs of Olympia are courtesy of John and Kathryn Wildgen. They have kindly released them into the public domain, and they are free for your use. Page 10.

Olympia
These photographs of Olympia are courtesy of John and Kathryn Wildgen. They have kindly released them into the public domain, and they are free for your use. Page 9.

Olympia
These photographs of Olympia are courtesy of John and Kathryn Wildgen. They have kindly released them into the public domain, and they are free for your use. Page 8.

Olympia
These photographs of Olympia are courtesy of John and Kathryn Wildgen. They have kindly released them into the public domain, and they are free for your use. Page 7.

Olympia
These photographs of Olympia are courtesy of John and Kathryn Wildgen. They have kindly released them into the public domain, and they are free for your use. Page 6.

Fallen Columns at Olympia
This is a photograph of fallen columns at the ruins of the Temple of Zeus in Olympia, Greece. Page 5.