Ancient/Classical History Sitemap - Page 12 2016-09-26

Ruins at Olympia
A photograph of ruins at Olympia, the original home of the Olympic Games. Page 4.

Temple of Zeus at Olympia
Temple of Zeus at Olympia. Ancient / Classical History. Page 3.

Dionysus - Pictures of Dionysus
Pictures of the Greek god Dionysus. Page 6.

Dionysus - Pictures of Dionysus
Pictures of the Greek god Dionysus. Page 3.

Dionysus - Pictures of Dionysus
Pictures of the Greek god Dionysus. Page 4.

Dionysus - Pictures of Dionysus
Pictures of the Greek god Dionysus. Page 5.

Dionysus - Pictures of Dionysus
Pictures of the Greek god Dionysus. Page 2.

Dionysus - Pictures of Dionysus
Pictures of the Greek god Dionysus. Page 7.

Ancient / Classical History
Ancient / Classical History. Page 10.

Dionysus - Pictures of Dionysus
Pictures of the Greek god Dionysus. Page 9.

Theater of Dionysus
Theater of Dionysus. Ancient / Classical History. Page 8.

Thebes Marked on a Section of Map of Greece at the Start of the Peloponnesian War
Section of Map of Greece at the Start of the Peloponnesian War. Page 5.

Dionysus and Two Satyrs
Gods and Goddesses from Greek mythology. Here, Dionysus and Two Satyrs. Page 8.

Etruscan Stamnos Red-Figure Showing Flute Player on Dolphin
Red-figure Etruscan stamnos from the mid fourth century showing a flute (aulos) player on a dolphin. Page 23.

Euthymides Painter Red-Figure Amphora
Euthymides Painter Red-Figure Amphora. Page 21.

Oinochoe
Oinochoe. Ancient / Classical History. Page 4.

Pyxis With Lid 750 B.C.
Pyxis With Lid 750 B.C. Ancient / Classical History. Page 22.

Rape of Oreithyia by Boreas
Rape of Oreithyia by Boreas Apulian on a red-figure oenochoe. Page 24.

Hercules leading a big headed four-legged monster, late black figure bowl
Hercules leading a big headed four-legged monster, late black figure bowl. Page 7.

Egyptian Pyramids - Pictures and Background on Egyptian Pyramids
Egyptian Pyramids. Ancient / Classical History. Page 4.

Imhotep
Imhotep Statue. Ancient / Classical History. Page 3.

Egyptian Pyramids - Pictures and Background on Egyptian Pyramids
Egyptian Pyramids. Ancient / Classical History.

The Aztec god Xiuhtecuhtli, as one of the nine Lords of the Night, from the Codex Borgia, with an offering of rubber balls.
The Aztec god Xiuhtecuhtli, as one of the nine Lords of the Night, from the Codex Borgia, with an offering of rubber balls. Page 4.

Ball Court Observer's Box
Ball Court Observer's Box. Ancient / Classical History. Page 9.

Ball Court Players
Ball Court Players. Ancient / Classical History. Page 6.

Ball Hoop at Chichén Itzá
Ball Hoop at Chichén Itzá. Page 5.

Ball Player Disc - From Chinkultic, Chiapas
Ball Player Disc - From Chinkultic, Chiapas Page 3.

Chichén Itzá Sacrifice at the Ball Game.
Chichén Itzá Sacrifice at the Ball Game. Page 8.

Maya Ball Court, Chichen Itza
Maya Ball Court, Chichen Itza. Ancient / Classical History.

Mesoamerican Ball Game
Mesoamerican Ball Game. Ancient / Classical History. Page 7.

Mesoamerican Ball Game
Mesoamerican Ball Game. Ancient / Classical History. Page 2.

Ancient Egypt From The Assyrian Empire and the Region about the Eastern Mediterranean, 750-625 B.C. The Historical Atlas by William R. Shepherd, 1923.
Ancient Egypt From The Assyrian Empire and the Region about the Eastern Mediterranean, 750-625 B.C. The Historical Atlas by William R. Shepherd, 1923. Page 5.

Ancient Egypt, from The Atlas of Ancient and Classical Geography by Samuel Butler, Ernest Rhys, editor (Suffolk, 1907, repr. 1908).
Ancient Egypt, from The Atlas of Ancient and Classical Geography by Samuel Butler, Ernest Rhys, editor (Suffolk, 1907, repr. 1908). Page 4.

Egypt and North African Section of the Macedonian Empire from 336-323 B.C.
Egypt and North African Section of the Macedonian Empire from 336-323 B.C. Page 6.

Map of the Nile Delta
Map of the Nile Delta. Ancient / Classical History.

Oriental Empires about 600 B.C. Lydian, Median, Chaldean, and Egyptian Empires
Oriental Empires about 600 B.C. Lydian, Median, Chaldean, and Egyptian Empires. Page 3.

Ancient Egypt - Maps of Ancient Egypt
Maps of Ancient Egypt. Ancient / Classical History. Page 2.

Apollo Belvedere
Apollo Belvedere. Ancient / Classical History. Page 9.

Apollo Coin - Denarius Coin of Apollo
A Roman denarius with a head of Apollo. Page 2.

Ancient / Classical History
Ancient / Classical History. Page 5.

An image of the god Phoebus Apollo from Keightley's Mythology, 1852.
An image of the god Phoebus Apollo from Keightley's Mythology, 1852. Page 13.

Temple of Apollo in Pompeii
Temple of Apollo in Pompeii. Ancient / Classical History. Page 7.

Map of Babylonia and Assyria, From Myths of Babylonia and Assyria, by Donald A. Mackenzie
Map of Babylonia and Assyria, From Myths of Babylonia and Assyria, by Donald A. Mackenzie. Page 22.

Public Domain Map of the Oriens - Caspian Area and Eastward
Public Domain Map of the Oriens (Caspian Area and Eastward). Page 12.

Selection of Asia Minor Map Pointing to Lycia
Selection of Asia Minor Map Pointing to Lycia. Page 10.

Selection of Asia Minor Map Pointing to Lydia
Selection of Asia Minor Map Pointing to Lydia. Page 11.

Saint Augustine Bishop of Hippo
Artistic representations of Saint Augustine Bishop of Hippo. Page 9.

Asia Minor Showing the Growth of Roman Power
Asia Minor Showing the Growth of Roman Power. Page 5.

Map of the area from the Euxine to the Caspian Sea highlighting Colchis.
Map of the area from the Euxine to the Caspian Sea highlighting Colchis. Page 9.

Map of the area from the Euxine to the Caspian Sea highlighting Iberia.
Map of the area from the Euxine to the Caspian Sea highlighting Iberia. Page 10.

Selection of Asia Minor Map Pointing to Lycia
Selection of Asia Minor Map Pointing to Lycia. Page 18.

Selection of Asia Minor Map Pointing to Lydia
Selection of Asia Minor Map Pointing to Lydia. Page 19.

Amphitheatre at Pompeii
Amphitheatre. Ancient / Classical History. Page 13.

Cave Canem - At the House of the Tragic Poet in Pompeii
Cave Canem - At the House of the Tragic Poet. Page 4.

House of Menander in Pompeii
House of Menander. Ancient / Classical History. Page 10.

House of the Dancing Faun at Pompeii
House of the Dancing Faun. Ancient / Classical History. Page 7.

House of the Small Fountain
House of the Small Fountain. Ancient / Classical History. Page 9.

House of the Vettii in Pompeii
House of the Vettii. Ancient / Classical History. Page 3.

Palaestra at Pompeii
Palaestra. Ancient / Classical History. Page 12.

Pompeiian Garden Fresco
Garden fresco from Pompeii. Ancient / Classical History. Page 11.

Stabian Baths - Pompeii's Stabian Baths
Stabian Baths. Ancient / Classical History.

Temple of Apollo
Temple of Apollo. Ancient / Classical History. Page 2.

House of Octavius Quartio in Pompeii
House of Octavius Quartio. Ancient / Classical History. Page 8.

House of the Venus Marina in Pompeii
House of the Venus Marina. Ancient / Classical History. Page 6.

Woolworkers' Shop at Pompeii
Woolworkers' Shop. Ancient / Classical History. Page 5.

Gods From Thomas Keightley's 1852 The Mythology of Ancient Greece and Italy: for the Use of Schools.
Gods From Thomas Keightley's 1852 The Mythology of Ancient Greece and Italy: for the Use of Schools. Page 16.

Gods From Thomas Keightley's 1852 The Mythology of Ancient Greece and Italy: for the Use of Schools.
Gods From Thomas Keightley's 1852 The Mythology of Ancient Greece and Italy: for the Use of Schools. Page 17.

Gods and Goddesses From Thomas Keightley's 1852 The Mythology of Ancient Greece and Italy: for the Use of Schools.
Gods and Goddesses From Thomas Keightley's 1852 The Mythology of Ancient Greece and Italy: for the Use of Schools. Page 18.

Gods From Thomas Keightley's 1852 The Mythology of Ancient Greece and Italy: for the Use of Schools.
Gods From Thomas Keightley's 1852 The Mythology of Ancient Greece and Italy: for the Use of Schools. Page 14.

An image of the god Phoebus Apollo's son Asculapius, from Keightley's Mythology, 1852.
An image of the god Phoebus Apollo's son Asculapius, from Keightley's Mythology, 1852. Page 9.

An image of the god Bacchus or Dionysus, from Keightley's Mythology, 1852.
An image of the god Bacchus or Dionysus, from Keightley's Mythology, 1852. Page 12.

An image of the god Cupid or Eros, from Keightley's Mythology, 1852.
An image of the god Cupid or Eros, from Keightley's Mythology, 1852. Page 5.

Gods From Thomas Keightley's 1852 The Mythology of Ancient Greece and Italy: for the Use of Schools.
Gods From Thomas Keightley's 1852 The Mythology of Ancient Greece and Italy: for the Use of Schools. Page 13.

Gods From Thomas Keightley's 1852 The Mythology of Ancient Greece and Italy: for the Use of Schools.
Gods From Thomas Keightley's 1852 The Mythology of Ancient Greece and Italy: for the Use of Schools. Page 2.

An image of the god Mars or Ares from Keightley's Mythology, 1852.
An image of the god Mars or Ares from Keightley's Mythology, 1852. Page 6.

An image of the god Mercury or Hermes, from Keightley's Mythology, 1852.
An image of the god Mercury or Hermes, from Keightley's Mythology, 1852. Page 10.

Gods From Thomas Keightley's 1852 The Mythology of Ancient Greece and Italy: for the Use of Schools.
Gods From Thomas Keightley's 1852 The Mythology of Ancient Greece and Italy: for the Use of Schools. Page 15.

Neptune or Poseidon From Thomas Keightley's 1852 The Mythology of Ancient Greece and Italy: for the Use of Schools.
Gods From Thomas Keightley's 1852 The Mythology of Ancient Greece and Italy: for the Use of Schools. Page 3.

An image of the god Pan, from Keightley's Mythology, 1852.
An image of the god Pan, from Keightley's Mythology, 1852. Page 11.

An image of the god Phoebus Apollo from Keightley's Mythology, 1852.
An image of the god Phoebus Apollo from Keightley's Mythology, 1852. Page 8.

Pluto or Hades From Thomas Keightley's 1852 The Mythology of Ancient Greece and Italy: for the Use of Schools.
Gods From Thomas Keightley's 1852 The Mythology of Ancient Greece and Italy: for the Use of Schools. Page 4.

An image of the god Vulcan or Hephaestus from Keightley's Mythology, 1852.
An image of the god Vulcan or Hephaestus from Keightley's Mythology, 1852. Page 7.

Picture of Orpheus and Eurydice, by Federico Cervelli
Picture of Orpheus and Eurydice, by Federico Cervelli.. Page 7.

Picture of Atalanta - The Greek Hero Atalanta Was a Woman
Picture of Atalanta. Atalanta was an exceptional athlete, a skilled hunter and runner. Page 8.

Picture of Achilles tending Patroclus' wounds from a red-figure kylix by the Sosias Painter from about 500 B.C. in the Staatliche museum in Berlin.
Picture of Achilles tending Patroclus' wounds from a red-figure kylix by the Sosias Painter from about 500 B.C. in the Staatliche museum in Berlin. Page 10.

Picture of Ajax - the Greek Hero Ajax
Picture of Telamonian Ajax or Ajax the Greater. He was one of the leading warriors on the Greek side in the Trojan War. Page 9.

Picture of Bellerophon - Bellerophon on Pegasus spears the Chimera, on an Attic red-figure epinetron 425-420 B.C.
Picture of Bellerophon on Pegasus spearing the Chimera, on an Attic red-figure epinetron 425-420 B.C. Page 3.

Picture of Odysseus and the Sirens. Detail from an Attic red-figured stamnos, ca. 480-470 BC. From Vulci. British Museum.
Picture of Odysseus and the Sirens. Detail from an Attic red-figured stamnos, ca. 480-470 BC. From Vulci. British Museum. Page 11.

Picture of Theseus and the Minotaur
Picture of Theseus and the Minotaur. Page 5.

Picture of Cadmus and the Dragon. At the Louvre. Side A of a black-figured amphora from Euboea, c. 560-550 B.C.
Picture of Cadmus and the Dragon. At the Louvre. Side A of a black-figured amphora from Euboea, c. 560-550 B.C. Page 2.

Picture of Hector Visiting Andromache With Astyanax on Her Lap. Apulian Red-figure Column-krater. c. 370-360 B.C.
Picture of Hector Visiting Andromache With Astyanax on Her Lap. Apulian Red-figure Column-krater. c. 370-360 B.C. Page 12.

Hannibal Barca - Hannibal and His Elephants Cross the Alps
Hannibal Barca. Ancient / Classical History. Page 4.

Poseidon, Artemis, and Apollo on a frieze
Poseidon, Artemis, and Apollo on a frieze. Page 3.

Poseidon Plaque
Poseidon Plaque. Ancient / Classical History.

Statue of Neptune in Bristol England.
Statue of Neptune in Bristol England. Page 5.

The Athena Giustiniani, a Roman copy of a Greek statue of Pallas Athena thought to be by Phidias, at the Vatican Museums.
The Athena Giustiniani, a Roman Parian marble copy of a Greek statue of Pallas Athena thought to be by Phidias, at the Vatican. It was found in the temple of Minerva Medica on the Esquiline Hill. This is from a photo-engraving from the statue. Page 2.

Athena on the obverse side of a coin of Attalus I.
Athena on the obverse side of a coin of Attalus I. Page 3.

Velletri Pallas Bust of Athena
This Velletri Pallas is a copy of a 2nd century A.D. votive statue by Kresilas (ca. 430–420 B.C.), in the Glyptothek, Munich, Germany. Page 5.

Velletri Pallas or Helmeted Athena
Velletri Pallas or Helmeted Athena at the Louvre. Page 6.

Detail of a fresco with Ceres (Demeter) as an allegory for August, painted by Cosimo Tura
Detail of a fresco with Ceres (Demeter) as an allegory for August, painted by Cosimo Tura. Page 6.

Archaic Head of Hera
Archaic Head of Hera. Ancient / Classical History. Page 2.

Frieze of Hera and Zeus
Frieze of Hera and Zeus. Ancient / Classical History. Page 4.

Juno Regina on a denarius from 220 A.D. On the other side is Julia Soemias Augusta
Juno Regina on a denarius from 220 A.D. On the other side is Julia Soemias Augusta. Page 6.

Athena Parthenos - Statue of Athena Parthenos
This Greek copy by Antiochos of a Parthenos type Athena taken from a signed copy of Phidias' 5th century B.C. original that stood on the Acropolis, of Pentelic marble, was made in the 1st century B.C. It has had some restoration in the 17th century, of arms, ends of the belt, some folds of the peplos, aegis, tip of the nose. It stands in the Palazzo Altemps (Museo Nazionale Romano), Rome, Italy. Page 4.

Marble Head of Hera with Diadem - Hera Barberini Chiaramonti
Marble Head of Hera - Hera Barberini Chiaramonti. Page 5.

Hera and Prometheus - Red-figured bell krater from Etruria of Hera and Prometheus, c. 500-450 B.C. Attributed to Douris.
Hera and Prometheus. Tondo of an Attic red-figured kylix. Page 3.

Medical-Dental: Terminology and Mottoes
Terminology of the medical and dental worlds; how to read prescriptions.

Rome - Battle of the Allia
The Battle of the Allia was one of the major Roman defeats.

Hecuba
Hecuba, daughter of Dymas king of Phrygia or Cisseus, was the wife of King Priam of Troy and the mother of Cassandra, Paris, Hector, Deiphobus, and others.

Menelaus
Basic information on Menelaus. Ancient / Classical History.

Orestes - Son of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra
Orestes was the son of Clytemnestra and Agamemnon who revenged his father by murdering his mother.

Women in Ancient Greek Marriages
A quick look at some of the highlights of the ancient Greek marriage customs, as they relate to women.

Clodius Pulcher
Clodius Pulcher was a colorful pivotal figure in the waning years of the Roman Republic.

Menander - Greek New Comedy
Menander was a Hellenistic Greek playwright who wrote Greek New Comedy.

Proto-Indo-European - What Is Proto-Indo-European
Read a basic explanation of Proto-Indo-European, a theorized language.

Terence - Publius Terentius Afer
Terence was a North African who came to Rome where he wrote influential comedies.

Orpheus - Profile
Because of his great musical talent, the mythological Orpheus was given the singular privilege of having the opportunity to rescue his wife, Eurydice, from death.

Choral Lyric Poetry - Archaic Greek Choral Lyric
Archaic Greek choral lyric poetry was performed at public religious festivals or major family functions.

The Roman Megalesia Festival
Megalesia or Megalensia was a Roman festival in Honor of Cybele

Laudatio Turiae
The Laudatio Turiae is a tombstone for a beloved Roman wife from the late first century B.C.

Ruins of a Roman Aqueduct in Judaea at Caesarea Maritima.
Ruins of an aqueduct in the city of Caesarea Maritima.

Picture of Egyptian Clothing
A picture of ancient Egyptian clothing for women.

91-86 B.C. - Sulla and the Social War
The Social War was a war between Rome and her allies in Italy. Many major Roman figures were involved, but Sulla played a major role.

Dionysus - From Thrice-Born to Olympian God Dionysus
Photo essay on Dionysus, the product of at least three parents and his ascension to Olympus.

88-63 B.C. - Mithradates and the Mithridatic Wars
Mithradates was a king in Asia Minor with Persian and Hellenic ancestors who proved resourceful, a long-term distraction from domestic Roman turmoil, but ultimately was no match for the Romans.

44-31 B.C. - The Second Triumvirate to the Principate
The assassins of Julius Caesar may have thought they were restoring the Republic, but they had hastened the rise of the Empire, instead.

Aphrodite - Photos of Aphrodite
The goddess Aphrodite is Greek goddess of beauty and love.

The Roman Provinces by Geographic Location
A list of the Roman provinces with their dates of inclusion arranged geographically.

Review of Peter Heather's The Fall of the Roman Empire
Review of Peter Heather's The Fall of the Roman Empire - A New History of Rome and the Barbarians

Review of Margaret Atwood's Penelopiad
In Penelopiad, Margaret Atwood rewrote the story of Odysseus from the viewpoint of his wife for a 21st century series retelling the ancient myths.

Review of Susan Wise Bauer's The History of the Ancient World
Review of Susan Wise Bauer's The History of the Ancient World: From the Earliest Accounts to the Fall of Rome.

The Siege of Syracuse
The siege of Syracuse put the important Sicilian city in Roman hands and led to the death of the famous mathematician Archimedes.

Latin Verbs - Person and Number
Person and number in Latin verbs

Finno-Ugric - What Is the Group of Languages Called Finno-Ugric
Finno-Ugric is a group of languages that linguists consider related.

Latin Conjunctions - List
Here is a convenient list of Latin conjunctions divided into groups for coordinating, correlative, and subordinate.

Types of Ablatives Used in Latin
The Ablative Case in Latin. Ablatives.

Asia to Ancient Greece and Rome
Asia existed independently of what the ancient Greeks and Romans thought of it, but they were the ones who were doing the writing, so here is a look at what the ancient Greeks and Romans thought was Asia.

Aurum, Aura, and Auris
How to keep straight confusing nouns aurum, aura, and auris.

Virgil Quotations - Some English Translations
Some quotations from Virgil, with English translations.

Lists of Latin Mottoes
Latin mottoes. List of college/university and state Latin mottoes.

Greater Syria - The Ancient Area
The first recorded mention of Greater Syria is in Egyptian annals detailing expeditions to the Syrian coastland to log the cedar, pine, and cypress.

Latin Verbs - Impersonals
A list of some of the verbs in Latin that are usually used impersonally -- as third person singular verbs.

Ancient Chinese Paper - Creation of Paper in Ancient China
Ancient China, one of the autochthonous regions of writing invented its own forms of writing material or paper.

Famous Ancient Figures Who Had Epilepsy
Some of the famous ancient leaders and mythological figures had epilepsy.

Tacitus Quote About the Death of the Roman Emperor Nero
Nero was the last of the Julio-Claudian emperors. When Nero died many were happy.

Iran
The ancient name of Iran. Ancient / Classical History.

Prepositions in Verbs in Latin
Prepositions as prefixes on Latin verbs. Preposition in Latin composition

Latin Verbs - Irregular Verbs
List of the main irregular Latin verbs.

Latin Verbs - Irregular Verb Do
Paradigm for the irregular Latin verb do.

Latin Verbs - Irregular Verb Edo
Paradigm for the irregular Latin verb edo.

Latin Verbs - Irregular Verb Fero
Paradigm for the irregular Latin verb fero.

One Third of a Billion Hindu Gods - The Supreme Being of the Hindus and a Multiplicity of Gods
Hinduism has a supreme being and a multiplicity of gods.

Persian Empire Maps
Maps of the ancient Persian Empire.

Problems Dating Hatshepsut's Reign
We know only approximately when in the 18th Dynasty of New Kingdom Egypt Hatshepsut ruled as pharaoh. Here is an overview of the problems with pinning the years down more firmly.

Hercules' Children and Their Mothers
A list of the children of Hercules and Hercules' mates.

'The Iliad' on the Greek Hero Bellerophon
Homer writes about Bellerophon and Proteus in Book VI of the Iliad.

Mayan Hieroglyphs
The Maya used a system of writing that is called hieroglyphs because, like Egyptian hieroglyphs, it uses pictures.

Climate of Albania
Library of Congress data on the climate of Albania.

Latin and Greek Geometry Terms - Etymology of Latin and Greek Geometry Terms
Etymology of a few geometry terms derived from Latin and Greek.

Scilicet - Sc. - Another Academic Latin Abbreviation
The Latin word scilicet is abbreviated sc. in papers.

Rome - Engineering an Empire
Rome - Engineering an Empire tells the story of the growth of the Roman Empire by means of amazing feats of engineering.

The Eostre Hares and Pagan Easter
There are ancient traditions that may explain why we associate an Easter bunny with with Easter a holiday whose name, at least, we seem to have borrowed from Eostre, a Celtic goddess.

Articles - Latin and English Differences
In English, we generally use articles with nouns, but this is not done in Latin.

Latin Nouns of the Fourth Declension - Endings
The endings on Latin nouns of the Fourth declension.

Latin Declension Rules
Rules from Allen and Greenough's Latin Grammar on the declensions of nouns in Latin.

Climate of Nepal
LOC data on the climate of Nepal.

Climate of Oman
LOC data on the climate of Oman.

Cases - Latin and English Differences in Cases
English has lost most of its cases, so it may be hard to understand the cases of Latin.

Climate of Saudi Arabia
Library of Congress description of the climate of Saudi Arabia.

Climate of Iraq
Library of Congress information on the climate of Iraq.

Finger Numbers and Finger Counting
Finger counting using finger numbers appears to have been the major way in which transactions were conducted in ancient times.

Latin Adjectives for Masculine 1st Declension Nouns
Adjective declension for masculine nouns of the first declension.

Edward Gibbon on the Fall of Rome - Why Rome Fell
The Fall of Rome was, according to Edward Gibbon, inevitable. Quote from Gibbon on the Fall of Rome.

Latin Terms for Roman Woodworking Occupations
A list of Latin terms connected with the occupations of Roman woodworking.

Latin Marriage Words
Words in Latin for marriage, betrothal, and divorce.

What Did the Romans Eat - Written Sources for Roman Food
What did the ancient Romans eat? Here are some of the main sources for information on Roman food and meals.

Review 'Alexander the Great and His Empire,' by Pierre Briant
Review of Alexander the Great and His Empire, by Pierre Briant

Community Rule - Part of the Dead Sea Scrolls
The term community scroll refers to one of the Dead Sea Scrolls found in the Qumran caves. Learn about its discovery and comparison with late Benedictine rule.

Imperium - What Is Imperium
Glossary entry on imperium. Ancient / Classical History.

Cylon
Glossary entry on Cylon. Ancient / Classical History.

Laena - What Is the Laena
Glossary entry on the Laena. Ancient / Classical History.

Lacerna - What Is the Lacerna
Glossary entry on the Lacerna. Ancient / Classical History.

Musonius Rufus - Who Is Musonius Rufus
Glossary entry on Musonius Rufus

First Council of Ephesus
The First Council of Ephesus was an important Church meeting in the 5th century.

Middle Kingdom - About the Middle Kingdom in Egypt
Glossary entry on the Middle Kingdom period in Egypt.

Athenian Constitution - What Is the Athenian Constitution
Glossary entry on the Athenian Constitution.

What Is Meant by the Term Roman Empire?
The term Roman Empire means two slightly different things in terms of the history of ancient Rome

Turnus - Who Was Turnus
Turnus was the enemy of Aeneas in Italy.

Patriarch
Definition of a patriarch. Ancient / Classical History.

Evocatio - What Is Meant by Evocatio
Find out what Evocatio means. Ancient / Classical History.

Ballista - What Is the Ballista
Glossary entry on the ballista. Ancient / Classical History.

Thebes - The City in Egypt
Thebes was a city in ancient Egypt.

Latinus - Who Was Latinus
Latinus was the father of the wife of Aeneas in Italy.

Mahabharata - What Is the Mahabharata
The Mahabharata is an ancient religious writing of the Indian subcontinent.

Priscus - Who Was Priscus of Panium
Learn about the historian Priscus of Panium.

Ogdoad of Hermopolis
The Ogdoad of Hermopolis were 8 gods in the Egyptian city called Hermopolis.

Thebes - The City in Greece
Thebes is a city in Greece. Ancient / Classical History.

Thessaly - About Thessaly
Glossary entry on Thessaly. Ancient / Classical History.

Megaira - Who Is Megaira
Megaira is one of the Erinyes. Ancient / Classical History.

Galea - What Is the Roman Military Equipment Galea
Galea is the Latin for helmet. Ancient / Classical History.

The Legendary Athenian Hero Theseus
Theseus was a friend of Hercules, the slayer of the minotaur, and legendary hero of the Athenians.

Theophrastus - Who Was Theophrastus
Theophrastus was a Greek philosopher and pupil of Plato's and Aristotle's, known for his Characters.

Antioch in Syria - An Apostolic See
Learn the basics on the formation of an Hellenistic-Roman capital city in ancient Syria, Antioch.

Theodosius II - Roman Emperor
Theodosius II codified the laws of Rome, signed a 100-year peace treaty with Persia, and gave tremendous concessions to the barbarian Vandals and Huns, virtually emptying the treasury at Constantinople.

Tyche
Tyche is the Greek goddess of chance.

Cynisca of Sparta
Cynisca was a Spartan woman who gained renown in ancient Greece because of her chariot race entry in the Olympics.

Cleomenes I King of Sparta
Cleomenes I was an Agiad king of Sparta.

Ludi Romani - Roman Games
The Ludi Romani were popular Roman games (ludi) in honor of Jupiter.

Lupercalia - Roman Valentine's Day Holiday
Lupercalia - a Roman

Roman Slavery: Freedman or Libertus
Libertus is the Latin for a freed Roman slave or freedman. Find out when a freed slave became a Roman citizen.

Romulus Augustulus
Romulus Augustulus was the last Roman emperor in the West.

Stilicho - Roman Military Leader
Stilicho was an important high-ranking military leader during the late Roman Empire who insinuated himself into the Imperial family.

Novus Homo - New Man
Novus homo means new man. Ancient / Classical History.

General M. Vipsanius Agrippa
Agrippa, a Roman consul and friend of Augustus was a Roman general at the Battle of Actium.

Imhotep - Famous Egyptian Architect
Imhotep was a famous ancient Egyptian architect.

Galen
Galen, a Greek doctor, was a prolific writer who wrote on medicine and philosophy.

Parmenides - A Pre-socratic Philosopher
Parmenides was a Pre-Socratic philosopher of the Eleatic School who wrote in hexameter verse.

Thales - Presocratic Philosopher
Thales was a Pre-Socratic philosopher who was counted one of the seven sages.

Anaxagoras - Pre-Socratic Philosopher
Anaxagoras was an Ionian philosopher who spent time in Athens with Euripides and Pericles who thought matter was once a single undifferentiated mass upon which mind worked.

Empedocles - Presocratic Philosopher Empedocles
Empedocles was known as a poet, statesman, and man of medicine as well as philosopher. He believed in the four elements, earth, air, fire, and water as the basic components of everything.

Pantheon - The Meaning of Pantheon
Pantheon means all the gods. Ancient / Classical History.

Njord - Norse God Njord
Njord was a Norse god. Ancient / Classical History.

Monophysite and Monophysitism
The monophysites are sometimes described as following the sect of Eutychianism.

Livia - Empress of Rome Julia Augusta aka Livia
Livia Drusilla was the wife of the first emperor of Rome, Augustus.

Julian Calendar - About the Julian Calendar
The Julian Calendar was a major reform of the existing Roman calendar.

Ishtar - Babylonian Goddess
Ishtar is the Babylonian counterpart of the Sumerian goddess Inanna.

Iris - Who Was the Goddess Iris
Iris was a Greek goddess who figured in the Iliad.

Edict of Caracalla - Constitutio Antoniniana
The Constitutio Antoniniana or Edict of Caracalla granted Roman citizenship throughout the Roman Empire in A.D. 212.

Horus - About the Egyptian God Horus
Horus was an Egyptian sky god. Ancient / Classical History.

Procopius of Caesarea - Historian
Procopius was a Byzantine official and historian best known for his unofficial secret history of the Byzantine Emperor Justinian and his wife Theodora. Read about him, select passages on their characters, and Procopius on the Nika Riots.

Herakles - Heracles
Herakles is the Greek Hercules. Ancient / Classical History.

Delator - Roman Informant - Delatores in Ancient Rome
Delator is the Roman term for an informant or informer. Delatores is the plural of the despised ancient Romans who testified against people, especially during the time of the Roman emperors.

Circus Maximus
The Circus Maximus was the first and the biggest circus in Ancient Rome.

Joseph of Nazareth
Joseph the husband of Mary mother of Jesus.

Plutarch - Who Was Plutarch?
Glossary entry of Plutarch of Chaeronea.

Gerousia
The Gerousia was a body of old men from noble families who were appointed (supposedly, because of the their virtue) by the ecclesia for life. This council was composed of the two kings plus 28 Spartiates past 60. The Gerousia presented matters to the ecclesia, gave advice, and tried criminals.

Phoebus
Glossary entry for Phoebus Apollo.

Pilleus (Pileus)
Round felt hat with little or no brim, the mark of fishermen, sailors and artisans. Castor and Pollux, Odysseus, Charon, Hephaestus, and Daedalus wear it.

Gaia - Mother Earth Goddess
Gaia -- also called Gaea or Ge - was the Greek goddess of the earth.

Pharaoh - Who Was the Egyptian Pharaoh
Pharaoh Egyptian King the Pharaoh of Egypt

El - Who Is the God El
Glossary entry on the god El. Ancient / Classical History.

7 Sages - Information on the 7 Sages
The 7 sages of ancient Greece. Ancient / Classical History.

Telesilla of Argos
Telesilla lived in Argos, where she was renowned for her bravery as well as her poetry.

Helicon - Mt. Helicon
Mt. Helicon was a mountain in Greece that was the home of the Muses.

Mt. Parnassus
Mount Parnassus is located in Greece near Delphi.

Korinna
While we don't know when Korinna was born or even which century, it seems likely she was a contemporary of Pindar's, i.e., fifth century B.C.

Classical Greece
Classical Greece was the era when ancient Greece was at it most artistically productive.

Gallienus - Roman Emperor
Gallienus was a Roman emperor who served along with his father the Emperor Valerian.

Magnus Maximus - Roman Emperor
Magnus Maximus was an Orthodox Christian Roman emperor of Britain, Gaul, and Hispania. A usurper, Maximus was executed by Theodosius in 388.

Trebonianus Gallus (251-253 A.D.) - Roman Emperor Gallus
Roman Emperor, Trebonianus Gallus, proclaimed emperor by his troops, ruled from 251 to 253 A.D. when he was assassinated by his troops.

What Were the Roman 'Ludi'?
Ludi were public Roman games started as a way to honor Jupiter.

The Roman Emperor Tacitus
Tacitus was a Roman emperor who was appointed by the senate at the request of the military.

Lord George Carnarvon and the Curse of the Mummy
Lord George Carnarvon died suddenly after opening the tomb of Tutankhamen, leading to the story of a mummy's curse.

Apostolic See - Christian
The early centers of Christianity were known as Apostolic Sees.

Dead Sea
The Dead Sea is near where the Dead Sea Scrolls were found.

Soranus - Greek Gynecologist Soranus
Soranus is the main source on ancient practiced in gynecology.

Theotokos - What Is the Theotokos
Theotokos is the Greek for god-bearer and is used in reference to Mary the mother of God.

Six Dynasties - The 6 Dynasties Period of Ancient China
The 6 dynasties period of ancient China ran from the end of the Han dynasty to the conquest of southern China by the Sui.

Brigit - Celtic Goddess
Brigit was a Celtic goddess. Ancient / Classical History.

Ceridwin - Celtic Goddess Ceridwin
Ceridwin was a Celtic goddess. Ancient / Classical History.

Bona Dea - Good Goddess
Bona dea means

Mausoleum of Halicarnassus
One of the seven wonders of the ancient world, the mausoleum of Halicarnassus was a giant burial structure for the ruler of Halicarnassus (Bodrum), Mausolus, built by his wife Artemisia.

Iron Age - About What Is Meant by Iron Age
The Iron Age followed the Bronze Age as a stage in the material culture of prehistoric human societies.

Nimrod
Nimrod was a great hunter and king od Babylon and Ninevah.

Gordian Knot
The solution of the Gordian Knot is one of the legends about Alexander the Great.

Aetius - The Last of the Romans
Aetius is sometimes called the last of the Romans.

St. Ambrose - Who Was St. Ambrose
St. Ambrose was the patron saint of learning.

Archilochus - Profile of Archilochus
Archilochus of Paros was an early and important poet for the ancient Greeks and Romans, but there is much we don't know about and other points that scholars argue about. Here is a profile of Archilochus of Paros.

Beginners' Guide to Apects of Latin Verbs - The Aspects of Latin Verbs
Aspects of Latin verbs. Ancient / Classical History.

Events leading up to the Persian Wars
Events leading up to the Persian Wars, the Lydians, King Croesus and the Persians, and the formation of the Delian League.

Terms to Know About the Government and Social Order of Athens
Athens, Kings, and the Four Tribes of Ancient Athens.

Roman Fractions
In addition to Roman Numerals, the Romans had fractions.

Quintilian - Marcus Fabius Quintilianus
Quintilian - Roman Rhetorician Marcus Fabius Quintilianus

Nathaniel Hawthorne - About The Tanglewood Tales Author Nathaniel Hawthorne
Nathaniel Hawthorne retold the ancient Greek myths in his Tanglewood Tales which were stories for children.

Thebes - The Founding
The legend of the founding of Thebes by Cadmus ties together the Greeks and Phoenicians.

Boule - The Ancient Greek Council
Boule was ancient Greek council.

Imperial Civil Government - Civil Administrative Units of the Fourth Century Roman Empire
At the end of the Fourth Century, the Roman Empire was divided into four units (Prefectures) for the purposes of the civil government.

2nd Intermediate - About the Second Intermediate Period of Ancient Egypt
The Second Intermediate Egypt was a period in which the Hyksos dominated Egypt.

Geta - Roman Emperor
Geta was a Roman emperor who lived in the shadow of his older brother Caracalla.

A Goddess For Men - Athena Favors Hercules
The Greek goddess Athena helped many of the ancient heroes, including Hercules (aka Herakles or Heracles) in three of his labors and in Hercules' madness.

Quotes From Alexander the Great
Quotations about Alexander the Great or attributed to him. Alexander the Great quotes.

People in the Life of Alexander the Great
These are some of the important people in the life of Alexander the Great.

Ancient Asia Minor - Anatolia
Information on kingdoms or city-states of Asia Minor (Anatolia): Phrygia, Mysia, Lydia, Caria, Lycia, Cilicia, Pontus and Bithynia.

Clytemnestra - The Greek wife of Agamemnon
A look at Clytemnestra, the Greek wife of Agamemnon.

Profile of the Greek Courtesan Phryne
Phryne was a beautiful Greek courtesan.

Mistletoe - Lore and Origins of Mistletoe
Origins of the lore about mistletoe.

Did Julius Caesar Say It? - Quote Attributed to Julius Caesar - Myth vs Fact
An urban legend going around since September 11, 2001 attributes to Caesar a quote. The following answers the frequently asked question: Did Caesar say it?

Who at Troy Was Briseis?
Briseis - In the Troy movie, Achilles' love interest is Briseis. Was Briseis real? Who was Briseis?

Did Hector Kill Ajax?
Ajax - Did Hector kill Ajax in the Trojan War?

Did Hector Kill Menelaus King of Sparta?
Menelaus - The Trojan War role of Menelaus and the truth about whether Hector killed Menelaus king of Sparta.

Nones - Roman Calendar Nones
Why does nones in the Roman calendar mean nine?

Aition - What Is an Aition
What is an aition? Ancient / Classical History.

Who Was King of Athens During the Trojan War?
Answer to the question of Athenian kingship during the Trojan War.

How do you spell ... ?
How do you spell words written in ancient languages? How about Hanukah, Boadicea, and Herakles?

Which Are the Indo European Languages?
These are the basic families of the Indo-European language family tree.

Roman Law - Which Modern Legal Concepts Do We Owe to the Ancient Romans?
We owe the ancient Romans a debt of gratitude for many of our modern legal concepts.

Did Spartan Princes (Future Kings) Undergo the Rigorous Agoge Training?
It is commonly known that Spartan boys left their mothers at age 7 to start their training in the Spartan militaristic lifestyle, but there appears to have been an exception made for the heirs apparent.

Why No Women in the Ancient Olympics?
Ideas on why there were no women participants in the Ancient Olympic Games.

Were There Women in the Ancient Olympic Games?
Based on Pausanias' description of the ancient Olympics, there is some controversy as to whether or not women were allowed at the ancient Olympic games.

Who Was the World's First Writer?
Who was the world's first named author? He signed the Epic of Gilgamesh.

Pompey's Triumphs
Pompey was awarded the Roman political hoopla of a triumph on three occasions.

Pythagorean Numbers - What Are Pythagorean Numbers?
The Pythagoreans beleived certain numbers held special properties.

Which is the Most Intriguing Story in Greek Mythology
Although this is a matter of taste, here is the story I find most intriguing in Greek mythology.

Which Greek Writer of Mythology was the Most Important for the Greeks?
Of the writers of Greek mythology, one was most important for the Greeks.

When and Where Were the First Dental Bridges?
Information on the earliest uses of dental appliances, prosthetics, or bridges.

Who Wrote the Homeric Hymns?
Who wrote the Homeric Hymns, what the Homeric Hymns are, and when it is thought they were written.

What Is Masada's Importance?
Masada is an archaeological site located where a fortress filled with rebels held out against the Romans.

General Writing and Grammar Help: Word Roots: How Do You Recognize Latin and Greek Roots?
How can you recognize the root and then know the root meanings of these words? How do you know what the prefixes or suffixes of these words?

Greek Tragedy - Drama - Scenes - Acts
Greek tragedy structure. The sequence of the parts of the Greek drama.

Abacus - Could the Ancient Greeks Use an Abacus?
If the ancient Greeks used letters for their numbers, were they able to and did they use a counting system like an abacus that relies on a base -- like the decimal system?

Question on a Book on the Parallels Between Rome and the United States
Answer to a question on a book about parallels between Rome and the United States.

Dates and Names of the Severan Emperors
A list of the four Severan emperors of Rome with the dates of their reigns.

Which Brutus Could Have Been Caesar's Son?
In Roman history, three men with the name Brutus stand out. Two were involved in the assassination of Julius Caesar. Which of these men was supposed to have been Caesar's son?

Why Did Cicero Have to Die?
Why Did Cicero Have to Die? Ancient / Classical History.

Purple - What Does It Mean to Assume the Purple
An explanation of what it means to assume the purple.

Is it Virgil or Vergil?
The name of the Augustan Age poet and creator of the Roman national epic, The Aeneid, is sometimes spelled Virgil and sometimes Vergil.

King Solomon's Mines - What and Where Are King Solomon's Mines?
The location of what are called King Solomon's mines.

Who Led the Conspiracy to Assassinate Julius Caesar
Who was the leader of the conspirators who assassinated Julius Caesar on the Ides of March in 44 B.C.

Latin Abbreviation A.M. - What does the Latin Abbreviation A.M. stand for?
What does A.M. stand for? Ancient / Classical History.

What Is the Year of the Four Emperors
Explanation of the term

Athenian Officials - Overview of Athenian Officials in the Time of Pericles
Athens in the time of Pericles was a democracy where citizens (who were free males) voted for a variety of officials.

Language and Dialects of Greece Timeline - Timeline of the Languages and Dialects of Ancient Greece
A timeline of the languages and dialects of ancient Greece.

Learn to Translate Latin - Learn to Translate Latin With These Simple Praxis Sentences
Learn to translate Latin with these simple Latin sentences from Praxis Grammatica.

Roman Treaty and International Relations Terms
Here are some of the terms you may come across when reading about Roman international relations.

Odysseus and His Men Poke Out the Eye of the Cyclops Polyphemus
Odysseus and his men poke out the eye of the cyclops Polyphemus.

Maps of the Ancient World - Public Domain Maps of the Ancient World
Public Domain Maps of the Ancient World..

Gods From Thomas Keightley's 1852 The Mythology of Ancient Greece and Italy: for the Use of Schools.
Gods From Thomas Keightley's 1852 The Mythology of Ancient Greece and Italy: for the Use of Schools.

Gods and Goddesses From Thomas Keightley's 1852 The Mythology of Ancient Greece and Italy: for the Use of Schools.
Gods and Goddesses From Thomas Keightley's 1852 The Mythology of Ancient Greece and Italy: for the Use of Schools.

Gods and Goddesses From Thomas Keightley's 1852 The Mythology of Ancient Greece and Italy: for the Use of Schools.
Gods and Goddesses From Thomas Keightley's 1852 The Mythology of Ancient Greece and Italy: for the Use of Schools.

Perseus Picture
Picture of Perseus. Perseus is the early Greek hero who decapitated the Gorgon Medusa and rescued Andromeda from the sea monster. He was an ancestor of Heracles (Hercules).

Greek Heroes Pictures - Gallery of Pictures of the Greek Heroes
Pictures of the ancient Greek heroes.

Poseidon
Poseidon was a brother of Zeus who had as his kingdom the sea.

Detail of a fresco with Ceres (Demeter) as an allegory for August, painted by Cosimo Tura
Detail of a fresco with Ceres (Demeter) as an allegory for August, painted by Cosimo Tura

Jupiter Tonans from the Museo del Prado in Madrid, Spain.
Jupiter Tonans from the Museo del Prado in Madrid, Spain.

Enemies of Rome
Pictures of Rome's fiercest enemies and barbarian military leaders.

5 Accomplishments of Julius Caesar
Read about five of the deeds and accomplishments of the great Julius Caesar.

Assyrian Empire and the Region About the Eastern Mediterranean 750-625 B.C.
Assyrian Empire and the Region About the Eastern Mediterranean 750-625 B.C.

Pater Patriae - The Latin Term
pater patriae father of the country

St. Athanasius
Read about the sainted Athanasius of Alexandria.

Greek Idiots - Democracy and Voting - Myth vs Fact
The political comparisons between the U.S. and the Classical World, are not limited to Republican Rome. Many look to the birthplace of democracy for molds in which to try to shove American politics. It is not true that all ancient Greeks were required to vote or risk being labeled idiots.

Athletic Pictures on Greek Pottery
Athletic Pictures on Greek Pottery

Etruscan Boxing. Black-figured amphora. Etruscan, about 510-500 B.C. Found at Vulci, Italy. At the British Museum.
Etruscan Boxing. Black-figured amphora. Etruscan, about 510-500 B.C. Found at Vulci, Italy. At the British Museum.

Comitia Curiata
The Comitia Curiata is the name of the earliest Roman assembly that was based on kinship units known as curiae. Although started in the legendary period, it endured until the end of the Roman Republic.

All Gaul Is Divided Into 5 Parts
An overview of the five Gauls and the Roman dealings with the Gallic tribes.

Lares, Larvae, Lemures, and Manes - Spirits of the Dead
Spirits of the Dead - Lares, Larvae, Lemures, and Manes. The Romans believed the spirits of the dead became lares, manes or lemures (larvae).

Sadducees
Sadducees were an order of Second Temple Period Jews.

Parsing, Glossing Latin Literature
Parsers and rules for parsing and glossing Latin literature, both poetry and prose.

Bucephalus - Horse of Alexander the Great
Glossary identification of Alexander's horse named Bucephalus.

Hera - Greek Goddess Hera - Juno
The Greek goddess Hera is the queen of the gods.

Lower Egypt
Lower Egypt is the northern area of Egypt.

Memphite Theology
Glossary entry on the creation myth of Egypt known as the Memphite Theology.

Boeotia - The Greek Region
Boeotia is a Greek region in which the important city of Thebes was located.

The Statue of Zeus at Olympia
One of the 7 wonders of the ancient world was the Statue of Zeus at Olympia, a giant statue.

Dionysus - Pictures of Dionysus
Pictures of the Greek god Dionysus.

Roman Emperors -Gallery of 36 Roman Emperors
A visual who's who of 36 of the Roman emperors. Put a face to emperors like Julian who put an end to the dynasty of Constantine and tried to bring back paganism, or Diocletian, the emperor who not only split the empire in 4, but actually stepped down. Tiberius, who left Rome to live in retirement, never gave up his power. There are also a few emperors who died inconveniently of natural causes; more ended their lives when someone else, like the praetorian guard, thought it convenient.

Roman Emperors -Gallery of 36 Roman Emperors
A visual who's who of 36 of the Roman emperors. Put a face to emperors like Julian who put an end to the dynasty of Constantine and tried to bring back paganism, or Diocletian, the emperor who not only split the empire in 4, but actually stepped down. Tiberius, who left Rome to live in retirement, never gave up his power. There are also a few emperors who died inconveniently of natural causes; more ended their lives when someone else, like the praetorian guard, thought it convenient.

Roman Emperors -Gallery of 36 Roman Emperors
A visual who's who of 36 of the Roman emperors. Put a face to emperors like Julian who put an end to the dynasty of Constantine and tried to bring back paganism, or Diocletian, the emperor who not only split the empire in 4, but actually stepped down. Tiberius, who left Rome to live in retirement, never gave up his power. There are also a few emperors who died inconveniently of natural causes; more ended their lives when someone else, like the praetorian guard, thought it convenient.

Baths of Caracalla - Pictures of the Baths of Caracalla
Here are pictures of the Baths of Caracalla before they were damaged by the earthquake of April 6, 2009.

Chthonic - A Term to Describe the Gods
Chthonic comes from the Greek word for earth and is used to describe chthonic gods.

Artemis (Diana)
Artemis is the virgin goddess of the hunt who also assists in childbirth. Artemis is an archer with golden arrows, who also dances with the Charites. She takes her virginity and modesty seriously and punishes any infraction.

Menorah
Menorah is the traditional Jewish candelabrum known from the Hanukkah holiday.

Atalanta - Famous Woman Runner and Heroine
Identification of Atalanta -- the woman who went on the Argos as one of the Argonauts with Jason.

The Latin Prae Prefix - Latin Verbs With Prae Prefix
A list of Latin verbs with the prae- prefix.

Latin Meters
The meters of Greek and Latin poetry: trochaic, iambic, anapestic, dactylic, and spondaic meters.

The Praetorian Guard
Praetorian Guard was a group of soldiers that served as a body guard.

Wanderings of Aeneas Travel Routes - Maps Showing the Wanderings of Aeneas Travel Routes
Two public domain maps showing the Aeneid travel routes.

Pericles Funeral Oration
Glossary entry on Pericles' Funeral Oration.

Bleeding Cups
What did ancient Romans use bleeding cups for?

Houses From Ancient Pompeii
Pompeii

Houses From Ancient Pompeii
Pompeii

Servian Wall
The Servian Wall that surrounded the city of Rome was supposedly built by the Roman king Servius Tullius in the 6th century B.C.

Pottery in Egypt
A picture of potters creating pottery in Egypt.

Ptolemy Soter
Ptolemy Soter, a general under Alexander the Great, became ruler of Egypt. His rule of Egypt lasted from 332-283 B.C.

Funny Mummy - A Quick Tip About the Cute Little Funny Mummy
A quick tip about a cute little book called

Amber - About the Mythological Origin of Amber
The story of the origin of amber and Phaethon, from Greek mythology.

Livius Andronicus - Who Was Livius Andronicus
Glossary entry on Livius Andronicus.

Gregorian Calendar - About the Gregorian Calendar
The Gregorian Calendar was a reform of the Julian Calendar.

Tholos Tombs - Greek Beehive or Tholos Tombs
Tholos tombs were also known as beehive tombs.

Sisyphus
Sisyphus is the name of a legendary king who was condemned to eternal punishment in Tartarus.

Anna Perenna
Anna Perenna was a Roman water nymph and more.

Poppaea Sabina - Profile of Poppaea Sabina
Poppaea Sabina was the mistress of one emperor and the wife of another.

Battle of Bibracte - Julius Caesar Wins the Battle of Bibracte During the Gallic Wars
Profile of the Gallic Wars' Battle of Bibracte.

Battle of Sabis - Julius Caesar Won the Battle of Sabis in the Gallic Wars
Profile of the Gallic Wars' Battle of Sabis.

Demeter - The Greek Goddess Demeter
Demeter is the Greek goddess of grain. Ceres is the Latin name for Demeter. The Eleusinian Mysteries celebrate the rites of Demeter and her daughter Persephone (Ceres and Proserpina).

Ancient Women
Most of ancient history deals with famous men, but there were also many famous women, most of whom were also mothers. Here are some of the diverse types of ancient mothers from mythology and Greek and Roman history.

What Is the Latin Word Order?
In English the word order is subject verb object (SVO), but in Latin, because it's an inflected language, the word order is less important. Still, there are regularities in the language as explained here.

Information on the Monographs in Etruscan Life and Afterlife
Etruscan Life and Afterlife is a collection of monographs on Etruscan topics from 1986.

Calydonian Boar Hunt
The Calydonian Boar Hunt is the most famous ancient Greek hunt, shown in literature, artwork, and even on sarcophagi.

Pyrrhus, the Pyrrhic War, and the Defense of Tarentum
Tarentum was a colony of Sparta that hired Pyrrhus of Epirus to defend it against Rome.

Advent - Information on Advent
Advent is the liturgical season that precedes Christmas.

Characters of Theophrastus - What Are the Characters of Theophrastus
Glossary entry on the characters of Theophrastus.

Helmeted Athena
Imperial period helmeted Athena holding the snake Erichthonios in a cista (basket) from the Louvre.

Shepherd, William. Historical Atlas. New York: Henry Holt and Company, 1911.
Map of the area in which the ancient Olympic Games were held.

Roman Sarcophagus (c. A.D. 220-230) with Dionysus holding a thyrsos.
Roman Sarcophagus (c. A.D. 220-230) with Dionysus holding a thyrsos.

Athena - Gallery of the Greek Goddess Athena
Gallery of the Greek goddess Athena.

Artemis - Fast Facts About the Olympians the Goddess Artemis
Fast facts about the Olympian goddess Artemis.

Hades - Fast Facts About the Olympians the God Hades
Fast facts about the Olympian god Hades.

Nymphs of Nysa - Who Are the Nymphs of Nysa
Nymphs of Nysa were followers of Dionysus.

Interpretatio Romana - What Is Meant by Interpretatio Romana
Find out what Interpretatio Romana means.

Echo - A Greek Nymph
Echo was a Greek nymph who was only able to echo what other people said, thanks to an angry Hera. Echo was also involved in Ovid's story of Echo and Narcissus.

Ancient Asian Languages - Kanji
An ancient pictographic script still used, modified, by the Chinese and Japanese. It may originally have been based on cracks in fortune-telling rocks and turtle backs. Some think it could have come from cuneiform.

Kylix
The kylix is a type of pottery drinking vessel used by the ancient Greeks.

Ur - About the Ancient Sumerian City
Ur was an ancient city in Sumer.

Persian Empire
Maps of the Persian Empire, its cities, and rivers.

Asia - Science Math Technology
Science, math, and technology in Asia. Also paper making, and iron in India, China, Japan, and Korea.

Faiyum
Glossary entry on the area of ancient Egypt known as Faiyum.

Manichaeism
Manichaeism is a faith begun by the prophet Mani.

Proscription
Glossary entry on proscription, the bloody revenue gathering technique employed in the final century of the Roman Republic.

Hecatoncheires - 100 Handers
The Hecatoncheires or the 100 handers are children of Uranus and Gaia in Greek mythology.

Agonalia
Information on the Agonalia, a festival thought to honor the Roman god Janus.

The Ancient Greeks
A quick look at what is meant by the term 'the Greeks' in ancient history.

Achaemenids - Persian Dynasty
Persian Achaemenid dynasty of kings.

Hephaestion
Hephaestion was a friend and possible gay lover of Alexander the Great.

The Acropolis in Athens
The acropolis was the high point of a city, but now usually refers to the acropolis in Athens.

Asgard
Asgard is a region in Norse mythology that was home to the Aesir gods and goddesses.

Osiris
Osiris was an Egyptian god of the dead.

Henotheism - Beliefs
Monotheism is a belief in one god.

Profile of Zoroaster
A look at the prophet of the Zoroastrian religion and what we understand about his life.

Essenes
The Essenes were a group of Jews in the Second Temple Period.

Cyprus - The Island
The island of Cyprus has had a rich history, conquered and reconquered, but throughout it all maintaining ties with Greece.

Caryatids
Caryatids are draped female figures used instead of columns.

Populares - About the Roman Populares
A Roman group of political leaders.

Cassandra - About the Trojan Princess
Cassandra was a princess of Troy.

Pindar
Pindar was the greatest Greek lyric poet born about 522 at Cynoscephalae, near Thebes.

Hyksos - Rulers of Egypt
The Hyksos ruled Egypt during the second intermediate period.

Phoenician - What Is Phoenician
Phoenician is an adjective based on a Greek word used to describe a group a language and people from Canaan.

Olympiad
Basic definition of an Olympiad.

Admetus
Admetus was a king doomed to die young who was given the service of the god Apollo for a year.

Solon
Solon, one of the 7 sages, was an important leader, a law-giver, and poet of ancient Athens.

Cleisthenes - Athenian Democratic Reformer
Cleisthenes was an Athenian statesman credited with a major set of democratic reforms.

Leucippus - Atomist Philosopher
Leucippus was one of the Pre-Socratic philosophers who developed the atomist theory. He worked with Democritus of Abdera as either his colleague or teacher.

Ephialtes of Athens
Information on the Athenian Ephialtes.

The Punjab
The Punjab is a geographic area of India and Pakistan.

Argus of the Hundred Eyes
Argus was a creature of Hera who, because of his hundred eyes was supposed to put a 24-hour watch on Io.

Sallust - Roman Politician and Historian
Sallust was a a Roman politician and historian.

Arethusa - Greek Nymph
Arethusa was a Greek nymph and follower of Artemis in Greek mythology, who wishing to avoid amorous pursuit by a river god was transformed into a spring.

What Is A Solstice?
The solstice occurs twice a year and is based on the position of the Earth in relation to the sun.

Silenus
Silenus is a woodland god and companion of Dionysus.

Colchis
In Greek mythology, Colchis is an important ancient crossroads city.