Ancient/Classical History Sitemap - Page 13 2016-09-26

Seneca
Seneca is a Roman statesman, philosopher, and writer of tragedy and satire who taught Nero.

The Euphrates River
The Euphrates is one of the two main rivers in Mesopotamia.

Roman Emperors
General information, family trees, timelines and more on the Roman emperors.

Archilochus
Archilochus is renowned for his invective and connection with satire. Read a glossary entry on this ancient Greek poet.

Names of the Indian Kingdoms Called Mahajanapadas
The names of the Mahajanapadas in the ancient Indian subcontinent.

Roman Emperor Caracalla
Caracalla followed in the ancient Roman tradition of fratricide (begun by Romulus when he killed Remus) by killing his brother Geta in 212 shortly after they both succeeded Septimius Severus to the imperial throne in 211.

Prodigium
Prodigium is the Latin word from which we get the English word prodigy.

Robigalia
Robigalia - Roman festival in April

Caligae
The Roman legionary's boot doesn't look much like what we think of as an army boot. It looks a lot like the gladiator sandal that is sometimes popular in the summer, with a few important differences.

Greaves - Roman Soldiers Wore Protective Greaves
Greaves were a part of the armor of the Roman soldier. See what various greaves looked like.

Hispania - The Roman Province of Hispania
Hispania is the area of modern Spain that held more than one Roman province.

Tel - What Is a Tel
Glossary entry on the term tel or tell.

Temenos - What Is Meant by the Word Temenos
Temenos is a type of space important for religious purposes.

Decebalus - Who Was Decebalus
Decebalus was king of the Dacians who fought wars against the Roman Empire.

Sophrosyne - What Is Sophrosyne
Sophrosyne is an ancient virtue.

Wadi - What Is a Wadi
Glossary entry on the term wadi.

Haruspicy - The Etruscan Mantic Art of Haruspicy
About the Etruscan mantic art of haruspicy.

Naga - What Is a Naga
Glossary entry on the Buddhist serpentine deity called a naga.

Officium - Roman Duty
Officium is a term used by the Romans for duty.

Proletarii - Class of Ancient Roman People - the proletarii
Proletarii were members of the low class of ancient Romans.

Metic
Glossary entry on the Greek term metic -- not to be confused with the common English word medic.

Nerva - Roman Emperor Nerva
Nerva was the Roman emperor who followed Domitian and was named the first of the five good emperors by Gibbon.

Demophon - Who Is the Mythological Demophon
Demophon is the name of two figures from Greek legend. This Demophon is connected with the Eleusinian Mysteries.

Maya - Who Were the Maya
The Maya lived in Mesoamerica before the conquest of the New World.

Oikumene - What Is the Oikumene
An explanation of the term oikumene.

Argentarii - Roman Money Changers - Argentarium
Argentarii were the Roman equivalent of the Greek trapezitoi who were private bankers.

Hinduism - What Is Hinduism
Hinduism is an ancient religion of India.

Bodhi - What Is Bodhi
Bodhi is a tree important to Buddhism

Pilum
Pilum was a heavy javelin used by Roman legionaries.

Fasces
Fasces definition. Fasces were a bundle of rods and a symbol of power in Ancient Rome

Ragnarok
Ragnarok. The end of the world in Norse mythology is Ragnarok.

Labrys - What Is a Labrys
A labrys is a weapon that may have a connection with labyrinths.

Knossos - Minoan Palace in Knossos
Knossos is the site of a palace that Sir Arthur Evans excavated in Crete.

Taurobolium - Bull Sacrifice Taurobolium
Taurobolium. A bull sacrifice is called a taurobolium.

Archon - Greek Ruling Official or Archon
Archon is the Greek name for a type of official.

Nomes - What Are Nomes
Nomes were Egyptian districts administered by nomarchs.

Proconsul - Roman Magistrate Known as Proconsul
The Roman rank of proconsul was conferred on former consuls.

Abacus - Part of a column known as an abacus
Abacus is a part of a Greek column.

Aedile - Roman Office of Aedile
On the cursus honorum it was not necessary to hold the office of aedile. Even so, Caesar was elected aedile in 65 B.C.

Tikal - What is the Maya City of Tikal
Tikal was one of the leading ancient cities of the Maya.

Anat - About the Goddess Anat
Anat was called the Lady of Heaven and Mistress of all Sumerian gods.

C - What c. Stands For
C. is an abreviation for the Latin circa.

Ostraka - What are Ostraka
Ostraka were the voting paraphernalia for getting rid of public figures.

Andreia - Information on Andreia
Andreia was the Greek quality of manliness.

Otho - Roman Emperor Otho
Description of the Roman emperor Otho.

Cassander - Successor of Alexander the Great Cassander
Cassander was a ruler of Macedonia after Alexander the Great.

Five Good Emperors - Pictures of the Five Good Emperors
The five good emperors came between the notoriously bad emperors Domitian and Commodus and were grouped together by Edward Gibbon.

Colossal Statue of Ceres (Demeter) at the Vatican
Colossal Statue of Ceres (Demeter) at the Vatican

About the Roman Kalends
The Kalends was the first day of the Roman month.

About the Roman Proletariat
In contrast with the Plebeians and Patricians, the Proletariat was the real, lowest citizen class of ancient Rome.

Ostia Antica - Ancient Ostia a harbor city on the Tiber near Rome
Ostia Antica - Ancient Ostia a harbor city on the Tiber near Rome

Xenophanes - A Greek Presocratic Philosopher
The Greek philosopher Xenophanes was the founder of the presocratic school of philosophy known as the Eleatic school of philosophy.

Anaximenes - Pre-Socratic Philosopher Anaximenes
Anaximenes was a 6th century Pre-Socratic philosopher and member of the Milesian School.

Anaximander - Pre-Socratic Philosopher Anaximander
The Milesian philosopher Anaximander was a student of Thales who may have been the first in Greece to write a philosophical treatise.

Pleiades
A basic glossary entry on the term Pleiades.

Greek and Roman Altars
Altars were used in ancient religious sacrifices.

Paludamentum - What Is the Paludamentum
Glossary entry on the Paludamentum.

Egeria - Eutheria, Silvia, or Aetheria
Egeria Eutheria, Silvia, or Aetheria, author of Itinerarium Egeriae, or the Travels.

Aaron - Who Is Aaron
Aaron is the name of the brother of Moses.

Boaz - Who Is Boaz
Boaz is the name of one of the ancestors of Jesus mentioned in the Book of Ruth of the Old Testament.

Eschatology
Eschatology is the study of end times.

The Written Word - Ancient Languages and Writing
For ancient history, the primary record is the written word, whether this be hieroglyphs, cuneiform, Sanskrit, Latin, Hebrew, or Greek. Learn something about ancient writing and ancient languages in general.

Rhetoric and Roman Orators
Linguistic devices, figures of speech, and rules of classical rhetoric -- and Roman orators.

Agon - Greek Tragedy Terminology
Agon is a term used in Greek tragedy.

Cuneiform
Cuneiform is a type of ancient writing that is wedge-shaped.

Nefertiti Queen of Egypt - Nefertiti
Nefertiti is famous because of the beautiful bust that was found depicting her. the bust of Nefertiti is in the Egyptian Museum in Berlin, Germany. Nefertiti was the queen of Egypt under Pharah Akhenaten.

Ostracism - Athenian Democracy Instituted Ostracism
Part of Athenian democracy was the institution of ostracism whereby the people could temporarily get rid of someone they feared.

Dorpfeld - Archaeologist of Troy and Greece Wilhelm Dorpfeld
Dorpfeld was an architect who worked on archaeological excavations of Troy and Athens.

Clip Art - Roman and Greek
Roman and Greek web clip art

Crucifixion
Crucifixion was an ancient method of capital punishment.

The Historical Jesus
Discussion groups, mailing lists, and forums about Jesus, specific Gospels, and the history of Jesus.

Augustus - Picture of the Roman Emperor Augustus
The Roman emperor Augustus was born on September 23, 63 B.C. He died on August 19, A.D. 14.

Athens - About the Ancient Polis of Athens
The ancient polis of Athens was the cultural center of ancient Greece and the birthplace of democracy.

Roman Emperor Maximian
Tetrarchy is the word we use to describe the division into four of the Roman Empire. There were two senior rulers, each known as an Augustus, and two junior Caesars. The Augusti were Maximian and Diocletian. Read the basics about the Roman Emperor Maximian.

Pythia
Find out the basics about Pythia, the oracle of Apollo at Delphi.

Shamshi-Adad - Who Is Shamshi-Adad
Shamshi-Adad was a king in Mesopotamia.

Greece - Greek Jewelry - Ornaments
Ancient Greek jewelry, ornaments, styles, techniques of metalworking, and photos.

Reading, Translation, and Rhetoric
Guides and aids to rhetoric, reading, scanning, and translating Latin. Rhetorical and literary devices.

Quick Tips on Latin Verbs
Quick tips on Latin verbs.

Plutarch's Moralia V - Quotes From Plutarch's Moralia V
The fifth page of quotes from Plutarch's Moralia.

Ancient/Classical History - Article
Article document index for the About.com Ancient/Classical History GuideSite

Egypt: Bibliography
Materials for researching ancient Egypt, including articles, journals, abbreviations and other components of bibliographies.

The Battle of the Cremera - Livy on the Battle of the Cremera
The passage from Livy Book II on the Battle of the Cremera, in the Veientine Wars, in which the Fabian clan died off.

Confusing Latin Nouns of Different Declensions - Aurum, Aura, and Auris
These nouns may be confusing because some of their endings are the same.

Apollo and Daphne - The Metamorphoses of Daphne
A short version of the story of the metamorphosis of Daphne into a bay laurel tree.

Passages From Ancient Historians on Caesar's Assassination
Passages from ancient historians on the assassination of Julius Caesar.

Livia - First Empress of Rome Livia Drusilla
Livia Drusilla was the first empress of Rome and the mother of the second emperor.

Maps of the Ancient World - Public Domain Maps of the Ancient World
Public Domain Maps of the Ancient World..

K-12 Myth - Mythology for Kids - MYTH and Legends
Mythology for Kids. Pages with introductory information on the myths and legends from antiquity, with a focus on the Roman and Greek myths featuring legendary heroes and Olympian gods and goddesses.

Sallust - Jugurthine War
English Translation of Sallust's The Jugurthine War.

Assyria - Babylonia - Sumer
History of the Sumerians, Babylonians, and Assyrians.

Fun stuff for the Latin classroom
Latin is more than just literature and grammar. It is also fun and learning games.

Latin Language - Learning Latin -LATIN
The history of the Latin language, Latin dictionary resources and review, learning Latin on the Internet, collections of Latin poetry, Latin grammars, handbooks, maxims and sayings, and more.

Latin Poets Latin Playwrights. Catullus - Ennius - Horace - Juvenal - Lucan - Ovid - Persius - Plautus - Propertius - Sulpicia - Vergil
Ovid, Juvenal, Vergil, Plautus, Catullus, and the other poets of Latin literature, including satirists, lyric poets, and playwrights.

AN-AS
AN-AS

Ancient Women
Most of ancient history deals with famous men, but there were also many famous women, most of whom were also mothers. Here are some of the diverse types of ancient mothers from mythology and Greek and Roman history.

Ancient Women
Most of ancient history deals with famous men, but there were also many famous women, most of whom were also mothers. Here are some of the diverse types of ancient mothers from mythology and Greek and Roman history.

Ancient Women
Most of ancient history deals with famous men, but there were also many famous women, most of whom were also mothers. Here are some of the diverse types of ancient mothers from mythology and Greek and Roman history.

Ancient Women
Most of ancient history deals with famous men, but there were also many famous women, most of whom were also mothers. Here are some of the diverse types of ancient mothers from mythology and Greek and Roman history.

Ancient Women
Most of ancient history deals with famous men, but there were also many famous women, most of whom were also mothers. Here are some of the diverse types of ancient mothers from mythology and Greek and Roman history.

Julia Domna
Julia Domna was the wife of the Roman Emperor Septimius Severus and the mother of Roman emperors Geta and Caracalla.

Julia Soaemias
Julia Soaemias

Ancient Women
Most of ancient history deals with famous men, but there were also many famous women, most of whom were also mothers. Here are some of the diverse types of ancient mothers from mythology and Greek and Roman history.

Ancient Women
Most of ancient history deals with famous men, but there were also many famous women, most of whom were also mothers. Here are some of the diverse types of ancient mothers from mythology and Greek and Roman history.

Ancient Women
Most of ancient history deals with famous men, but there were also many famous women, most of whom were also mothers. Here are some of the diverse types of ancient mothers from mythology and Greek and Roman history.

Ancient Women
Most of ancient history deals with famous men, but there were also many famous women, most of whom were also mothers. Here are some of the diverse types of ancient mothers from mythology and Greek and Roman history.

Mesopotamia, Israel, Persia, Syria, Sumer and other places in the Ancient Near East
Resources on peoples and places in the Ancient Near East, including Israel/Judaea, Persia, Mesopotamia, Sumer, Syria, and more.

Greek Anthology Book I Chapter XII Part III
Greek Anthology Book I Chapter XII Part III - Life.

Greek Anthology Book I Chapter XII Part III
Greek Anthology Book I Chapter XII Part III - Life.

Greek Anthology Book I Chapter XII Part III
Greek Anthology Book I Chapter XII Part III - Life.

Greek Anthology Book I Chapter XII Part III
Greek Anthology Book I Chapter XII Part III - Life.

Greek Anthology Book I Chapter XII Part III
Greek Anthology Book I Chapter XII Part III - Life.

Greek Anthology Book I Chapter XII Part III
Greek Anthology Book I Chapter XII Part III - Life.

Greek Anthology Book I Chapter XII Part III
Greek Anthology Book I Chapter XII Part III - Life.

Greek Anthology Book I Chapter XII Part III
Greek Anthology Book I Chapter XII Part III - Life.

Greek Anthology Book I Chapter XII Part III
Greek Anthology Book I Chapter XII Part III - Life.

Ancient I Men
Ancient Men whose names begin with I.

CH-CI
Terms beginning with ch to terms beginning with ci.

Non-Ancient Classical Classics
Writers who have established themselves as classics in contemporary terms whose topics are the ancient classics. For example, Nathaniel Hawthorne is considered a classical writer who happened to write about classical mythology.

Cybele Attis - Fertility Goddess Cult - CYBELE
Cybele and Attis. Transgendered priests, known as Galli, participate in the cult of fertility goddess and Great Mother, Cybele, who originally came from Phrygia.

Aeschylus - Who Was the Greek Poet Aeschylus
Who Was the Greek Poet Aeschylus

Aristophanes - Who Is the Ancient Greek Poet Aristophanes
About the Greek poet Aristophanes

Catullus - Who Is the Latin Poet Catullus
About the Roman Poet Catullus

Euripides - Who Is the Greek Poet Euripides
Euripides was the third of the great Greek tragedians.

Horace - Who Is the Roman Poet Horace
About the Latin poet Horace.

Lucretius - Who Is the Roman Poet Lucretius
About the Roman Poet Lucretius

Menander - Who Is the Greek Poet Menander
Menander was an Athenian dramatist who wrote what we call New Comedy.

Ovid - Who Is the Latin Poet Ovid
About the Roman Poet Ovid

Sappho - Who Is the Greek Poet Sappho
About the Greek Poet Sappho

Sophocles - Who Is the Greek Poet Sophocles
Sophocles was the second of the three great Greek tragedians.

Terence - Who Is the Latin Poet Terence
About the Roman Poet Terence

Vergil - Who Is the Latin Poet Vergil
The ancient poet Vergil

Gallic Wars - The Gallic Wars of Caesar
As proconsul, Caesar fought battles against the tribes in Gaul (modern France) and wrote commentaries in them in his [i]De bello Gallico[/i].

Argos
Location of Argos on a map of Greece.

Greek Philosophy - Presocratic Philosophy - Socrates - Plato - Aristotle
Resources on the Pre-Socratic philosophers, Plato, Socrates, and Aristotle, and the Stoics and Epicurean philosophers.

Hippocrates
The father of medicine, Hippocrates is associated with the oath all doctors must take and a method of dealing with disease that is based on a balance of four humors.

Hypatia of Alexandria - Sources on Hypatia
Medieval sources on Hypatia of Alexandria.

Levant Maps - Maps of the Levant LEVANT
Maps of the Levant.

Articles on Literature in Ancient Greece


Caria in Asia Minor.
Caria in Asia Minor.

Map of Ancient Ephesus
Map of the ancient city of Ephesus

Selection of Asia Minor Map Pointing to Lycia
Selection of Asia Minor Map Pointing to Lycia

Selection of Asia Minor Map Pointing to Lydia
Selection of Asia Minor Map Pointing to Lydia

Maps of the Ancient World
Public Domain maps of the ancient world.

Map of Ancient Syria
Map of Ancient Syria

Maps of the Ancient World - Public Domain Maps of the Ancient World
Public Domain Maps of the Ancient World..

Selection of Asia Minor Map Pointing to Mysia
Selection of Asia Minor Map Pointing to Mysia.

Map of the extent of Persia in 490 B.C.
Map of the extent of Persian in 490 B.C.

Phrygia Map
Phrygia Map

Map of the Silk Road from China to the Roman Orient = Public Domain Maps of the Ancient World
Map of the Silk Road from China to the Roman Orient.

Ur
Ur

PA-PE
Terms beginning with the letters pa to pe.

Famous Men of Ancient Rome
A glance at some of the famous men and a very few Roman women from Ancient Rome and the Roman Empire.

Gods From Thomas Keightley's 1852 The Mythology of Ancient Greece and Italy: for the Use of Schools.
Gods From Thomas Keightley's 1852 The Mythology of Ancient Greece and Italy: for the Use of Schools.

Maps of Rome and the Roman Empire
Rome spread from a single settlement on the Tiber. First it spread to the surrounding territory, then all of Italy, and then most of western Europe, north Africa, Greece, and Asia Minor.

Vespasian - Roman Emperor Vespasian
Vespasian was the first emperor of the second or Flavian dynasty of Rome.