Ancient/Classical History Sitemap - Page 2 2016-09-26

Map of the Extent of the Roman Empire.
Maps of Rome, Italy, and the Roman Empire showing the growth and then diminution of Roman power.

Roman History
Roman History from the kings through the Roman Republic and Empire, with charts of battles, wars, and emperors, timelines, maps and social and cultural history, including foods and clothing.

Roman Mosaic - Mosaic of Round Basket with Bread
A selection of images from the Brooklyn Museum's exhibition of Roman mosaics from a Jewish synagogue in Nara, Tunisia in the later Roman Empire.

Roman Mosaic - Mosaic of a Hyena
Mosaic of a Hyena. Ancient/Classical History.

Roman Mosaic - Mosaic of Square Basket with Fruit
Roman Mosaic - Mosaic of Square Basket with Fruit

Roman Mosaic - Mosaic of a Lion in a Roundel
A selection of images from the Brooklyn Museum's exhibition of Roman mosaics from a Jewish synagogue in Nara, Tunisia in the later Roman Empire.

Roman Mosaic - Mosaic of a Gazelle in a Vine
A selection of images from the Brooklyn Museum's exhibition of Roman mosaics from a Jewish synagogue in Nara, Tunisia in the later Roman Empire.

Roman Mosaic - Mosaic of Duck Facing Right
A selection of images from the Brooklyn Museum's exhibition of Roman mosaics from a Jewish synagogue in Nara, Tunisia in the later Roman Empire.

Mosaic of Fish Facing Right
A selection of images from the Brooklyn Museum's exhibition of Roman mosaics from a Jewish synagogue in Nara, Tunisia in the later Roman Empire.

Scenes from Paradise - Jewish Roman Mosaics from Tunisia
A selection of images from the Brooklyn Museum's exhibition of Roman mosaics from a Jewish synagogue in Nara, Tunisia in the later Roman Empire.

Scenes from Paradise - Jewish Roman Mosaics from Tunisia
A selection of images from the Brooklyn Museum's exhibition of Roman mosaics from a Jewish synagogue in Nara, Tunisia in the later Roman Empire.

Roman Mosaic - Mosaic of Menorah
A selection of images from the Brooklyn Museum's exhibition of Roman mosaics from a Jewish synagogue in Nara, Tunisia in the later Roman Empire.

Appian Way in Ancient Rome
The Appian Way was the most famous road in ancient Rome.

All Roads Lead to Rome - Ancient Roman Roads Network
The expression. Ancient/Classical History.

Which Were the Popular Roman Wines?
Here are some of the ancient Roman wines preferred by the ancient Romans.

What Is the Etymology of Italia (Italy)?
Theories on the etymology of Italy

What Are the Romance Languages
Find out why we call these languages romance languages.

Great Pyramid at Giza
The Great Pyramid at Giza is the only one of the seven wonders of the ancient world still visible.

Myth - Definition of a Myth
John Ruskin's 1869 definition of the word myth.

Garum - Roman Fish Sauce
Garum was a Roman fish sauce. Ancient/Classical History.

Roman Gods of the Wind
The Romans loved a good god of the wind: the four major ones blew up a storm.

An Index to Gods and Goddesses of Mythology
An Index of Gods and Goddess of World Mythology, with Content from About.com's Vast Ancient History Archive.

Major Gods and Goddesses of the World
Here you will find an alphabetical list of major gods and goddesses from mythology all over the world. There are also several not so important deities or supernatural entities. You can also read further about the gods and goddesses in the stories about them told in the local mythology.

The Athena Giustiniani, a Roman copy of a Greek statue of Pallas Athena thought to be by Phidias, at the Vatican Museums.
The Athena Giustiniani, a Roman Parian marble copy of a Greek statue of Pallas Athena thought to be by Phidias, at the Vatican. It was found in the temple of Minerva Medica on the Esquiline Hill. This is from a photo-engraving from the statue. Page 48.

Athena on the obverse side of a coin of Attalus I.
Athena on the obverse side of a coin of Attalus I. Page 47.

Greek Mythology
Greek Mythology. Ancient/Classical History. Page 57.

Hercules from Thomas Keightley's 1852 The Mythology of Ancient Greece and Italy: for the Use of Schools.
Hercules from Thomas Keightley's 1852 The Mythology of Ancient Greece and Italy: for the Use of Schools. Page 29.

Greek Mythology
Greek Mythology. Ancient/Classical History. Page 20.

Judgment of Paris
Judgment of Paris. Ancient/Classical History. Page 58.

Medea Marries Jason
Medea Marries Jason. Ancient/Classical History. Page 22.

Medea Murders Her Children
Medea Murders Her Children. Ancient/Classical History. Page 24.

Medea Gives Poisoned Robe to Creusa
Medea Gives Poisoned Robe to Creusa. Page 23.

Greek Mythology
Greek Mythology. Ancient/Classical History. Page 25.

Medea Escapes After the Murder of Her Children
Medea Escapes After the Murder of Her Children. Page 26.

Greek Mythology
Greek Mythology. Ancient/Classical History. Page 19.

Neptune and Amphitrite Mosaic
Neptune and Amphitrite Mosaic. Ancient/Classical History. Page 40.

Statue of Neptune in Bristol England.
Statue of Neptune in Bristol England. Page 39.

Picture of Achilles tending Patroclus' wounds from a red-figure kylix by the Sosias Painter from about 500 B.C. in the Staatliche museum in Berlin.
Picture of Achilles tending Patroclus' wounds from a red-figure kylix by the Sosias Painter from about 500 B.C. in the Staatliche museum in Berlin. Page 59.

Picture of Ajax - the Greek Hero Ajax
Picture of Telamonian Ajax or Ajax the Greater. He was one of the leading warriors on the Greek side in the Trojan War. Page 60.

Picture of Atalanta - The Greek Hero Atalanta Was a Woman
Picture of Atalanta. Atalanta was an exceptional athlete, a skilled hunter and runner. Page 10.

Picture of Bellerophon - Bellerophon on Pegasus spears the Chimera, on an Attic red-figure epinetron 425-420 B.C.
Picture of Bellerophon on Pegasus spearing the Chimera, on an Attic red-figure epinetron 425-420 B.C. Page 27.

Picture of Heracles, Deianira and Nessus. Attic black-figured hydria, ca. 575–550 BC.
Picture of Heracles, Deianira and Nessus. Attic black-figured hydria, ca. 575–550 BC. Page 30.

Picture of Jason Showing Pelias the Golden Fleece. At the Louvre.
Picture of Jason bringing Pelias the Golden Fleece. Apulian red-figure calyx crater, 340 BC–330 B.C. Page 21.

Picture of Odysseus and the Sirens. Detail from an Attic red-figured stamnos, ca. 480-470 BC. From Vulci. British Museum.
Picture of Odysseus and the Sirens. Detail from an Attic red-figured stamnos, ca. 480-470 BC. From Vulci. British Museum. Page 63.

Perseus Picture
Picture of Perseus. Perseus is the early Greek hero who decapitated the Gorgon Medusa and rescued Andromeda from the sea monster. He was an ancestor of Heracles (Hercules). Page 13.

Picture of Theseus and the Minotaur
Picture of Theseus and the Minotaur. Page 36.

Picture of Cadmus and the Dragon. At the Louvre. Side A of a black-figured amphora from Euboea, c. 560-550 B.C.
Picture of Cadmus and the Dragon. At the Louvre. Side A of a black-figured amphora from Euboea, c. 560-550 B.C. Page 28.

Hector - Picture of Hector
Picture of Hector Visiting Andromache With Astyanax on Her Lap. Apulian Red-figure Column-krater. c. 370-360 B.C. Page 61.

Athena Parthenos - Statue of Athena Parthenos
This Greek copy by Antiochos of a Parthenos type Athena taken from a signed copy of Phidias' 5th century B.C. original that stood on the Acropolis, of Pentelic marble, was made in the 1st century B.C. It has had some restoration in the 17th century, of arms, ends of the belt, some folds of the peplos, aegis, tip of the nose. It stands in the Palazzo Altemps (Museo Nazionale Romano), Rome, Italy. Page 46.

Picture of Orpheus and Eurydice, by Federico Cervelli
Picture of Orpheus and Eurydice, by Federico Cervelli. Page 9.

Myth Monday
Myth Monday. Ancient/Classical History.

Ares - God of War Ares in Greek Mythology - War God Ares.
Ares was the god of war in Greek mythology. Page 44.

Poseidon Apollo and Artemis
Poseidon Apollo and Artemis. Ancient/Classical History. Page 38.

Ovid's Metamorphoses Book II Story of Europa and Jupiter
In the second book of the Metamorphoses, Ovid tells the story of how the Phoenician princess Europa disappeared. In the third Book her brother Cadmus will set off in pursuit of her. The name of the continent Europe comes from the name of the Princess Europa. Page 6.

Velletri Pallas Bust of Athena
Velletri Pallas, a copy of a 2nd century A.D. votive statue by Kresilas (ca. 430–420 B.C.), in the Glyptothek, Munich, Germany. Page 49.

Detail of a fresco with Ceres (Demeter) as an allegory for August, painted by Cosimo Tura
Detail of a fresco with Ceres (Demeter) as an allegory for August, painted by Cosimo Tura. Page 42.

Colossal Statue of Ceres (Demeter) at the Vatican
Colossal Statue of Ceres (Demeter) at the Vatican. Page 41.

Demeter and Persephone Consecrating Triptolemus
Frieze Relief of Demeter and Persephone Consecrating Triptolemus. Page 43.

Dionysus or Bacchus - God of Wine
Dionysus (Bacchus) painting, by Italian Baroque painter Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio. Page 37.

Europa on the back of Zeus as a white bull. Gustave Moreau, watercolor, c. 1869.
Europa on the back of Zeus as a white bull. Gustave Moreau, watercolor, c. 1869. Page 5.

Helmeted Athena
Imperial period helmeted Athena holding the snake Erichthonios in a cista (basket) from the Louvre. Page 50.

Frieze of Hera and Zeus
Frieze of Hera and Zeus. Ancient/Classical History. Page 51.

Labors of Hercules - Pictures of the 12 Labors of Hercules
Pictures of the 12 Labors of Hercules performed for Eurystheus. Page 32.

Labors of Hercules - Pictures of the 12 Labors of Hercules
Pictures of the 12 Labors of Hercules performed for Eurystheus. Page 34.

Labors of Hercules - Pictures of the 12 Labors of Hercules
Pictures of the 12 Labors of Hercules performed for Eurystheus. Page 35.

Labors of Hercules - Pictures of the 12 Labors of Hercules
Pictures of the 12 Labors of Hercules performed for Eurystheus. Page 33.

Labors of Hercules - Pictures of the 12 Labors of Hercules
Pictures of the 12 Labors of Hercules performed for Eurystheus. Page 31.

Janus
Janus god of beginnings. Ancient/Classical History. Page 52.

Juno Regina on a denarius from 220 A.D. On the other side is Julia Soemias Augusta
Juno Regina on a denarius from 220 A.D. On the other side is Julia Soemias Augusta. Page 53.

Jupiter Tonans from the Museo del Prado in Madrid, Spain.
Jupiter Tonans from the Museo del Prado in Madrid, Spain. Page 2.

Jupiter et Thétis, 1811, by Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres
Jupiter et Thtis, 1811, by Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres. Page 3.

Apollo is the Greek god of healing, prophecy, and music.
Apollo. Ancient/Classical History. Page 45.

Marble Head of Hera with Diadem - Hera Barberini Chiaramonti
Marble Head of Hera - Hera Barberini Chiaramonti. Page 55.

Campanian Hera in Marble
Campanian Hera in Marble. Ancient/Classical History. Page 56.

Medusa - Pictures of Medusa
Medusa - Pictures of Medusa. Ancient/Classical History. Page 16.

Medusa - Pictures of Medusa
Medusa - Pictures of Medusa. Ancient/Classical History. Page 11.

Medusa - Pictures of Medusa
Medusa - Pictures of Medusa. Ancient/Classical History. Page 17.

Medusa - Pictures of Medusa and Medusa's severed Head
Medusa - Pictures of Medusa. Ancient/Classical History. Page 18.

Medusa - About the Mythological Creature Medusa
Pictures of the mythological creature Medusa. Page 14.

Zeus Courting Ganymede, by the Penthesileia painter. Red-figure kylix from 450 B.C.
Zeus Courting Ganymede, by the Penthesileia painter. Red-figure kylix from 450 B.C.

Zeus impregnating Danae.
Zeus impregnating Danae. Ancient/Classical History. Page 4.

Hera and Prometheus - Red-figured bell krater from Etruria of Hera and Prometheus, c. 500-450 B.C. Attributed to Douris.
Hera and Prometheus. Tondo of an Attic red-figured kylix. Page 54.

Cyclops
The Cyclops were one-eyed giants of Greek mythology.

Pictures of the 12 Labors of Hercules
Pictures of the 12 Labors of Hercules performed for Eurystheus.

gods and goddesses
Gods and Goddesses from Greek mythology.

Calydonian Boar Hunt
Calydonian Boar Hunt. Ancient/Classical History. Page 7.

Medusa - Pictures of Medusa
Medusa - Pictures of Medusa. Ancient/Classical History. Page 15.

Medusa - Pictures of Medusa on an amphora
Medusa - Pictures of Medusa. Ancient/Classical History. Page 12.

Meleager
Meleager. Ancient/Classical History. Page 8.

Odysseus and His Men Poke Out the Eye of the Cyclops Polyphemus
Odysseus and his men poke out the eye of the cyclops Polyphemus. Page 62.

Greek Mythology
Greek Mythology

Greek Mythology
Greek Mythology

Greek Mythology
Greek Mythology

Greek Mythology
Greek Mythology

Greek Mythology
Greek Mythology

Greek Mythology
Greek Mythology

Greek Heroes Pictures - Gallery of Pictures of the Greek Heroes
Pictures of the ancient Greek heroes.

Ovid's Metamorphoses Through Paintings
Ovid was a Roman poet who wrote an important poem called 'The Metamorphoses' or Transformations, which tells most of the stories from Greek mythology that we still know. Ovid inspired many artists. Here are some of the paintings inspired by his Metamorphoses.

Pictures of Medusa
Medusa - Pictures of Medusa. Ancient/Classical History.

Roman Empire Dominate Timeline
A history timeline of the later period of the Roman Empire, sometimes known as the Dominate.

Timeline of Late Period in Roman Republic History
A history timeline of the late period of the Roman Republic.

Livia Drusilla - Empress of Rome Julia Augusta
Livia Drusilla was the first empress of Rome and the mother of the second emperor.

Ancient Greeks on Democracy
Some of the major writings by ancient Greeks on the topic of democracy.

Gods and Goddesses
Information on leading gods and goddesses in the world's mythologies.

5 Mythological Couples to Celebrate This Valentine's Day
This Valentine's Day, celebrate five couples who defied the odds to be together - or died trying.

Dactylic Hexameter
The meaning of dactylic hexameter and what you will find in a line of poetry written in this meter.

Aphrodite from the Pompeiian exhibit A Day in Pompeii
A statue of Aphrodite from the Pompeiian exhibit A Day in Pompeii. Page 7.

Bacchus statue from A Day in Pompeii
Bacchus statue from A Day in Pompeii. Page 8.

Cast of Dog from the Pompeii exhibit A Day in Pompeii
Cast of a dog that died as a result of the eruption of Mt. Vesuvius.

Cast of a seated man
Cast of a seated man. Ancient/Classical History. Page 5.

Cast of a woman from the Pompeiian exhibit A Day in Pompeii
Body cast of a woman who died at Pompeii. Page 3.

Detail of Garden Column
Detail of a Pompeiian Garden Column. Page 9.

Hand of Sabazius
A bronze sculpture of a hand with various symbols including a sculpture of Sabazius. Page 10.

Hippolytus and Phaedra Fresco
A fresco from Pompeii preserved by the volcanic eruption. Page 4.

Medallion Fresco
Pompeiian fresco of a young woman with an older woman behind her in a double frame of green leaves. Page 6.

Pompeiian Garden Fresco
Garden fresco from Pompeii. Ancient/Classical History. Page 2.

Artifacts in the A Day in Pompeii Exhibit
An exhibit of artifacts from Pompeii called A Day in Pompeii that is spending two years traveling to 4 U.S. cities, includes more than 250 artifacts, including wall-sized frescoes, gold coins, jewelry, grave goods, marble and bronze statuary.

The Main Pyramids of Egypt
A skeletal look at the history of pyramid building in Egypt and the pharaohs responsible for the main contributions to the architectural form.

Foods in the Classical World
Here is some information on foods that were eaten in ancient times in the Classical world.

Greek Costumes for Women - Ionian Chiton
Directions for the Ionian Chiton.

Greek Costumes for Women
Ancient Greek women wore clothing that is simple to construct -- once the weaving is done.

How Did the Month of February Get Its Name?
How did the ancient Romans come up with a name for February? It was a time to purify oneself and get down during some fun festivals.

Ancient Philosophers - Pictures of Ancient Philosophers
The early Greek philosophers, from Ionia, (Asia Minor) and southern Italy, saw the world around them and asked questions about it. Instead of attributing its creation to anthropomorphic gods, they sought rational explanations. This was the beginning of natural philosophy

Pictures of Ancient Philosophers
The early Greek philosophers, from Ionia, (Asia Minor) and southern Italy, saw the world around them and asked questions about it. Instead of attributing its creation to anthropomorphic gods, they sought rational explanations. This was the beginning of natural philosophy. Page 2.

Aristotle
AristotlePicture of the 4th century B.C. philosopher Aristotle. Page 12.

Empedocles - Pictures of Ancient Philosophers
The early Greek philosophers, from Ionia, (Asia Minor) and southern Italy, saw the world around them and asked questions about it. Instead of attributing its creation to anthropomorphic gods, they sought rational explanations. This was the beginning of natural philosophy. Page 3.

Heraclitus - Pictures of Ancient Philosophers
The early Greek philosophers, from Ionia, (Asia Minor) and southern Italy, saw the world around them and asked questions about it. Instead of attributing its creation to anthropomorphic gods, they sought rational explanations. This was the beginning of natural philosophy. Page 4.

Leucippus - Pictures of Ancient Philosophers
The early Greek philosophers, from Ionia, (Asia Minor) and southern Italy, saw the world around them and asked questions about it. Instead of attributing its creation to anthropomorphic gods, they sought rational explanations. This was the beginning of natural philosophy. Page 6.

Parmenides - Pictures of Ancient Philosophers
The early Greek philosophers, from Ionia, (Asia Minor) and southern Italy, saw the world around them and asked questions about it. Instead of attributing its creation to anthropomorphic gods, they sought rational explanations. This was the beginning of natural philosophy. Page 5.

Plato - Pictures of Ancient Philosophers
The early Greek philosophers, from Ionia, (Asia Minor) and southern Italy, saw the world around them and asked questions about it. Instead of attributing its creation to anthropomorphic gods, they sought rational explanations. This was the beginning of natural philosophy. Page 11.

Socrates was one of the most famous Greek philosophers who is known for being convicted of capital offenses by Athens.
Socrates was one of the most famous Greek philosophers who is known for being convicted of capital offenses by Athens. Page 10.

Thales - Pictures of Ancient Philosophers
The early Greek philosophers, from Ionia, (Asia Minor) and southern Italy, saw the world around them and asked questions about it. Instead of attributing its creation to anthropomorphic gods, they sought rational explanations. This was the beginning of natural philosophy. Page 7.

Zeno of Citium - Pictures of Ancient Philosophers
The early Greek philosophers, from Ionia, (Asia Minor) and southern Italy, saw the world around them and asked questions about it. Instead of attributing its creation to anthropomorphic gods, they sought rational explanations. This was the beginning of natural philosophy. Page 8.

Zeno of Elea - Pictures of Ancient Philosophers
The early Greek philosophers, from Ionia, (Asia Minor) and southern Italy, saw the world around them and asked questions about it. Instead of attributing its creation to anthropomorphic gods, they sought rational explanations. This was the beginning of natural philosophy. Page 9.

Pictures of Ancient Philosophers
The early Greek philosophers, from Ionia, (Asia Minor) and southern Italy, saw the world around them and asked questions about it. Instead of attributing its creation to anthropomorphic gods, they sought rational explanations. This was the beginning of natural philosophy. Here are pictures of a dozen of these philosophers.

Old and Middle Kingdom Dynasties of Ancient Egypt
Ancient/Classical History. Page 2.

New Kingdom Egypt and Beyond
Ancient/Classical History. Page 3.

Types of Evidence You Might Use for the History of Ancient Iran or Persia
To write a history of Ancient Iran (Persian) requires guess work and inferences because evidence is far more limited than it is for the classical world.

The Satrapies of the Achaemenid Persians
Ancient Iran was divided into a number of satrapies, here is one list and some notes for further reference.

Brothel Pictures From Pompeii
Photos taken in Pompeii of the frescoes decorating the walls in front of the brothel (lupanar) and the individual rooms.

Ancient Egyptian Timeline - Dynasties and Kingdoms
Ancient Egyptian Timeline. Timeline of the dynasties of the pharaohs of Ancient Egypt.

Oculus Definition in Architecture
What is an oculus? Ancient/Classical History.

Brothel Pictures From Pompeii
Photos taken in Pompeii of the frescoes decorating the walls in front of the brothel (lupanar) and the individual rooms.

Brothel Pictures From Pompeii
Photos taken in Pompeii of the frescoes decorating the walls in front of the brothel (lupanar) and the individual rooms.

Ruins of Pompeii - Galleries of Photos
Here is a list of the galleries of photos of the ruins of Pompeii on this site.

Ancient Mesopotamia - Modern Iraq - Resources on Ancient Mesopotamia
Major resources on the area now called Iraq that once was the Mesopotamia.

Kassites - Who Were the Kassites
The Kassites came to power in Babylonia after the Amorites, whose most famous king was Hammurabi.

Gods and Goddesses of Norse Mythology
Background information on Norse mythology. This section is on the Aesir and Vanir gods and goddesses.

Individual Sporting Events or Games of the Ancient Olympics
These were the events athletes competed in for the ancient Olympics.

Ancient Olympic Games 101
Learn more about the Olympic games with this profile (1) showing that the games were religious events honoring Zeus at Olympia, which, over time, became more strictly athletic competitions, (2) explaining the location of the events, the types of competition, the restrictions on entry, the sacred truce, and (3) the origins of the games.

Augurium
Glossary entry on augury or augurium, in Latin.

Timeline of Major Events in the History of Persia
A Persia timeline showing major events in the ancient history of the empire of Persia (modern Iran) from 3400 B.C. to 641-42.

Cursus Honorum - Roman Hierarchy of Offices
Cursus Honorum was the hierarchy of Roman offices up to consul.

Pyramus and Thisbe by Thomas Bulfinch
The story of Pyramus and Thisbe, star-crossed lovers made fun of in Shakespeare's Midsummer Night's Dream.

The Story of the Septuagint Bible and the Name Behind It
The Septuagint Bible is the translation of the Hebrew Bible into Greek. Get the facts about the history of the Greek version of the Old Testament.

The Gorgon Medusa in Greek Mythology
Medusa is known for her snaky-hair and her ability to turn men into stone. Medusa is one of three sisters, the Gorgons, daughters of Phorcys and Keto.

What Is Myth - Toward a Definition
A look at the question

Gods, Myths and Legends in Greek Mythology
Greek mythology is one of the most fascinating and colorful topics connected with the ancient world. Here is an introduction to the mythology and gods and goddesses who still play a part in today's world.

Greek Mythology - Creation of Human Beings
The story of human creation in mythology. Mankind was created and destroyed repeatedly in mythological time, perhaps in an effort to get things right. Page 2.

Greek Mythology - Introduction to Greek Mythology - The Use of Greek Mythology Today and Where Myth Fits in With Legend and Religion
Introduction to Myth and Where Myth Fits in With Legend and Religion. Page 3.

Trojan War and the Famous Stories From Greek Mythology
Trojan War and the Famous Stories From Greek Mythology. Page 4.

The Seduction of Io
The story of the seduction of Io by Zeus, Hera's wrath, and the creation of the peacock's tail.

What Was Babylon in Ancient History?
Babylon was an ancient city in Mesopotamia. It was the capital city of Babylonia from the second to first millennium B.C., and then of the Chaldean Empire in the 7th and 6th centuries B.C.

Uruk - A Major Mesopotamian Urban Area
Uruk was an important early region and city of southern Mesopotamia known today as Warka, and in Biblical literature, as Erech.

Who Was Sargon the Great of Akkad ?
Sargon was a king of Akkad. Ancient/Classical History.

Ancient History Sources on the Unicorn
The ancient Greco-Roman sources on the unicorn.

Learn the Parts of the Roman Name
Learn the parts of the Roman name.

Bulfinch's Version of the Story of Apollo and Daphne
The story of Apollo and Daphne, where Apollo is so despised that his love object would rather become a tree.

The Most Awkward Family Reunion in Greek Mythology
Heracles, Perseus, and Penelope. They come from a family whose story has it all - love, lust, and cattle.

Aeneid of Vergil Public Domain Translation
An index to the 12 books of a public domain Aeneid Translation, translated by Dryden from the Latin of the Aeneid, by Vergil (Virgil).

Virgil, Ancient Roman Master Poet
Virgil is one spelling of the name of a Roman poet who wrote a great Latin epic,

About the Code of Hammurabi
The Code of Hammurabi is an ancient Babylonian law code.

Marcus Aurelius
Information on the philosopher emperor Marcus Aurelius.

Matrimonium: Types of Roman Marriage
Matrimonium -- Latin for Roman marriage -- took a variety of forms -- Confarreatio, Coemptio, Usus, and Sine Manu -- which affected the dowry and freedom of the woman.

Ancient Maya Locations, Architecture, Language
The Maya were one of the peoples of the Mesoamerican cradle of civilization who were conquered by the Spanish but still exist.

Profile of Mars, the Roman God of War
Mars is an old Italian fertility god who came to be known as Gradivus, the strider, and the Roman god of war.

Largest Ancient Empire
Which was the largest ancient empire?

Who and What Is Ma'at in Ancient Egypt?
Ma'at is like the Greek goddess of justice, Dike.

Countries in Ancient History
A series of introductory articles on countries important in ancient history.

Countries in Ancient History
A series of introductory articles on countries important in ancient history.

Octavian Augustus - The Emperor Known by Either Name
Glossary entry on Octavian Augustus.

Ancient Inscriptions, Epigraphy, and Papyrology
Articles on ancient inscriptions, whether on hard surfaces, like stele, or on perishable materials like papyrus wondrously preserved for millennia by desert conditions.

The Column
The properties of the Doric column used in the Parthenon and what differentiates it from the Ionic and Corinthian.

Echinus and Abacus
The properties of the Doric column used in the Parthenon and what differentiates it from the Ionic and Corinthian.

Parthenon and Column Proportions
The properties of the Doric column used in the Parthenon and what differentiates it from the Ionic and Corinthian.

Optical Illusions of the Columns and Parthenon
The properties of the Doric column used in the Parthenon and what differentiates it from the Ionic and Corinthian.

Doric Columns - Doric Columns and the Other Orders
The properties of the Doric column used in the Parthenon and what differentiates it from the Ionic and Corinthian.

Cornthian Order - A Corinthian Capital
A picture of the capital of a Corinthian column.

Ionic Order - An Ionic Capital
A picture of the capital of an Ionic column.

The Doric Order
The properties of the Doric column used in the Parthenon and what differentiates it from the Ionic and Corinthian.

Doric Columns and the Other Orders
The properties of the Doric column used in the Parthenon and what differentiates it from the Ionic and Corinthian.

People and Places
Famous people (and characters) in the ancient world, classics, and ancient mythology.

Pictures of the Events in The Ancient Olympics
A photo essay highlighting ancient Olympic events and athletes through ancient art.

Wrestling Event for Boys
Wrestling Event for Boys. Ancient/Classical History.

Chariot Race - The Four Horse, Two Horse Events and the Horseback Race
Chariot Race - The Four Horse, Two Horse Events and the Horseback Race

Throwing the Discus
Throwing the Discus. Ancient/Classical History.

Hurling the Javelin Event
Hurling the Javelin Event. Ancient/Classical History.

Feasting Olympic Style With a Hundred Head of Cattle
It takes a hundred head of cattle to feast Olympic hecatomb style.

Greek Boxing
Greek Boxing. Ancient/Classical History.

The Pankration at the Ancient Olympics
The Pankration at the Ancient Olympics

Heavily Armored Racer - Hoplitodromos
Heavily Armored Racer - Hoplitodromos

Fast Facts About Mesopotamia: Modern Iraq
Learn these fast facts about Mesopotamia, the ancient land of modern Iraq and an area that included various, changing nations in the ancient world.

The Money of Ancient Mesopotamia
Find out about the Ancient Mesopotamians' use of money from around the third millennium B.C.

Ancient Near East - Countries, City-States, & People
Ancient Sumer, Assyria, Babylonia, Persia, Anatolia, Syria, the Phoenicians, Judaea, and Egypt.

Map of the Fertile Crescent
Ancient Sumer, Assyria, Babylonia, Persia, Anatolia, Syria, the Phoenicians, Judaea, and Egypt.

Ancient Babylonia
A quick look at the area of Babylonia in the fertile crescent.

Ancient Assyria
A quick look at the area of ancient Assyria in the fertile crescent.

Ancient Judaea
A quick look at the area of ancient Judaea or Judah in the fertile crescent.

Ancient Persia
A quick look at the area of ancient Persia in the fertile crescent.

Ancient Lebanon
A quick look at the area of ancient Lebanon and the Phoenicians in the fertile crescent.

Ancient Egypt
A quick look at the area of ancient Egypt in the fertile crescent.

Ancient Syria
A quick look at the area of ancient Syria in the fertile crescent.

Ancient Anatolia
Ancient Sumer, Assyria, Babylonia, Persia, Anatolia, Syria, the Phoenicians, Judaea, and Egypt.

Tiglath-Pileser III
Information on some of the most important ancient Near and Middle Eastern kings.

Major Kings of Ancient Near and Middle East
Information on some of the most important ancient Near and Middle Eastern kings.

Ashurbanipal
Information on some of the most important ancient Near and Middle Eastern kings.

Cyrus
Information on some of the most important ancient Near and Middle Eastern kings.

Darius
Information on some of the most important ancient Near and Middle Eastern kings.

Nebuchadnezzar II
Nebuchadnezzar II. Ancient/Classical History.

Sargon II
Information on some of the most important ancient Near and Middle Eastern kings.

Sennacherib
Information about Sennacherib. Ancient/Classical History.

Xerxes
Information on some of the most important ancient Near and Middle Eastern kings.

Portrait Gallery for Nero
Pictures of people in the life of the last Julio-Claudian emperor, Nero.

Germanicus
Germanicus. Ancient/Classical History.

Agrippina the Elder - Grandmother of Nero
Agrippina the Elder. Ancient/Classical History.

Agrippina the Younger
Pictures of people in the life of the last Julio-Claudian emperor, Nero.

Emperor Claudius - Stepfather of Nero
Claudius. Ancient/Classical History.

Seneca
Pictures of people in the life of the last Julio-Claudian emperor, Nero.

Wives of Nero
Pictures of people in the life of the last Julio-Claudian emperor, Nero.

Medusa - Pictures of Medusa
Medusa - Pictures of Medusa. Ancient/Classical History. Page 2.

Medusa - Pictures of Medusa
Medusa - Pictures of Medusa. Ancient/Classical History. Page 7.

Medusa - Pictures of Medusa
Medusa - Pictures of Medusa. Ancient/Classical History. Page 5.

Medusa - Pictures of Medusa
Medusa - Pictures of Medusa. Ancient/Classical History. Page 6.

Medusa - Pictures of Medusa and Medusa's severed Head
Medusa - Pictures of Medusa. Ancient/Classical History. Page 4.

Medusa - Pictures of Medusa on an amphora
Medusa - Pictures of Medusa. Ancient/Classical History.

Medusa - About the Mythological Creature Medusa
Pictures of the mythological creature Medusa. Page 3.

Pictures of Medusa
Medusa - Pictures of Medusa

Famous People and Wars from Greek Mythology
They don't make hero stories like these anymore. Read up on Trojan War heroes and other Greeks who successfully battled impossible odds.

Historical Biblical Figures You Should Know
These are some of the main figures from the Bible that come up from time to time even in non-Biblical discussions with whom you should be familiar.

Africa Septentrionalis Maps
Africa Septentrionalis maps. Ancient/Classical History. Page 8.

Itinerary of Alexander the Great
Itinerary of Alexander the Great. Page 10.

Maps of the Ancient World
Public Domain maps of the ancient world. Page 13.

Cities of Mesopotamia
Cities of Mesopotamia. Ancient/Classical History. Page 23.

Europe in the time of Odoacer 476-493 A.D.
Europe in the time of Odoacer 476-493 A.D. Page 19.

Map Showing Armenia, Colchis, Iberia, Albania
Map Showing Armenia, Colchis, Iberia, Albania. Page 11.

Maps of Ancient Greece
Maps of Ancient Greece. Ancient/Classical History. Page 5.

Italy - The Growth of Roman Power in Italy
Italy - The Growth of Roman Power in Italy. Page 3.

Maps of Ancient Greece
Maps of Ancient Greece and ancient Egypt with cut-out of the Nile Delta. Page 6.

Palestine in the Time of KingsFrom The Atlas of Ancient and Classical Geography, by Samuel Butler, Ernest Rhys, ed. (1907, repr. 1908).
Palestine in the Time of KingsFrom The Atlas of Ancient and Classical Geography, by Samuel Butler, Ernest Rhys, ed. (1907, repr. 1908). Page 9.

Cities of the Silk Road.
Cities of the Silk Road. Ancient/Classical History. Page 25.

Map of the Expansion of Rome
Map of the Expansion of Rome. Ancient/Classical History. Page 26.

Ancient Italy and Sicily Map
This map of ancient Italy and Sicily, from an Ancient Greece site, is in the public domain and comes from the 1886 Ginn & Company

Map of Ancient Syria, Mesopotamia, and Assyria.
Map of Ancient Syria, Mesopotamia, and Assyria. From The Atlas of Ancient and Classical Geography, by Samuel Butler, Ernest Rhys, editor (1907, repr. 1908). Page 21.

Barbarian Migrations Map
Barbarian Migrations Map. Ancient/Classical History. Page 20.

Map of Ancient Europe
Public domain map of ancient Central Europe. Page 17.

Map of the Nile Delta
Map of the Nile Delta. Ancient/Classical History. Page 7.

Map of Asia Lines of Commerce in the Middle Ages
Map of Asia Lines of Commerce in the Middle Ages. Page 24.

Northern Gaul
Northern Gaul. Ancient/Classical History. Page 16.

Southern Gaul
Southern Gaul. Ancient/Classical History. Page 15.

Maps of the Ancient World
Public Domain maps of the ancient world. Page 18.

Ephesus from a map of Greek and Phoenician Settlements in the Mediterranean Basin.
Ephesus from a map of Greek and Phoenician Settlements in the Mediterranean Basin.

Miletus from a map of Greek and Phoenician Settlements in the Mediterranean Basin.
Miletus from a map of Greek and Phoenician Settlements in the Mediterranean Basin. Page 4.

Colophon, from a map of Greek and Phoenician Settlements in the Mediterranean Basin about 550 B.C.
Colophon, from a map of Greek and Phoenician Settlements in the Mediterranean Basin about 550 B.C. Page 2.

Lemnos, from a map of Greek and Phoenician Settlements in the Mediterranean Basin about 550 B.C.
Lemnos, from a map of Greek and Phoenician Settlements in the Mediterranean Basin about 550 B.C. Page 3.

Samos, from a map of Greek and Phoenician Settlements in the Mediterranean Basin about 550 B.C.
Samos, from a map of Greek and Phoenician Settlements in the Mediterranean Basin about 550 B.C. Page 5.

Map of the Ancient World
This is the index page for the major geographical divisions of the ancient atlas for the ancient/classical history site, with separate pages for the modern continents, the Underworld, and maps of the world as conceived by ancient geographers.

Maps of Ancient Africa
This is the index page for the major geographical divisions of the ancient atlas for the ancient/classical history site, with separate pages for the modern continents, the Underworld, and maps of the world as conceived by ancient geographers.

Maps of Ancient America
This is the index page for the major geographical divisions of the ancient atlas for the ancient/classical history site, with separate pages for the modern continents, the Underworld, and maps of the world as conceived by ancient geographers.

Maps of Ancient Europe
This is the index page for the major geographical divisions of the ancient atlas for the ancient/classical history site, with separate pages for the modern continents, the Underworld, and maps of the world as conceived by ancient geographers.

Underworld Map
This is the index page for the major geographical divisions of the ancient atlas for the ancient/classical history site, with separate pages for the modern continents, the Underworld, and maps of the world as conceived by ancient geographers.

Maps of Ancient Asia
This is the index page for the major geographical divisions of the ancient atlas for the ancient/classical history site, with separate pages for the modern continents, the Underworld, and maps of the world as conceived by ancient geographers.

Maps of the Ancient World
This is the index page for the major geographical divisions of the ancient atlas for the ancient/classical history site, with separate pages for the modern continents, the Underworld, and maps of the world as conceived by ancient geographers.

Ancient Rivers - What Were the Most Important?
Most ancient civilizations sprung up along or between rivers that provided water for agriculture and transportation. These are some of the most important.

5 Fast Facts about Antiochus IV, the Villain of Hanukkah
Here's what you need to know about the bad guy of the Hanukkah story, King Antiochus IV.

A Glamorous Match: Elizabeth Taylor as Cleopatra
The most famous movie about Cleopatra starred Elizabeth Taylor.

A Carving of Cleopatra
Egyptian carving of Cleopatra with a solar disk.

Cleopatra Picture - Coin Depicting Cleopatra and Mark Antony
Coin depicting Cleopatra and Mark Antony

Picture of the Statue of Queen Cleopatra
Despite the fame of Cleopatra, there are no images of what she looked like. See how the Egyptians pictured Queen Cleopatra in this photo of her statue.

Photograph of a Cleopatra Bust
A bust of what may be Cleopatra.

Cleopatra and the Ptolemies
See the line of Ptolemies in pictures.

Theda Bara Playing Cleopatra
Pictures of Cleopatra, including modern representations as well as ancient official carved images of Cleopatra.

Picture of Julius Caesar Before Cleopatra
A drawing of Julius Caesar seeking an audience with Cleopatra.

Augustus and Cleopatra - Picture of Augustus and Cleopatra
An artist's rendering of a meeting between Cleopatra and Augustus.

Cleopatra's Needle
Photo of Cleopatra's Needle. Ancient/Classical History.

Picture of Cleopatra and the Asp
Cleopatra is said to have committed suicide with an asp.

Latin Translation Resources and Tools
Latin translation is a skill that takes years to develop and there is not an easy way to shortcut it, but these suggestions may be of some help.

Latin Words for Clothing With English Translation
List of Latin Words for Clothing With English Translation.

What Is a Maya Codex and How Many Are There?
A codex is a manuscript and there are three or four handwritten by the Maya from before colonization by Spain.

The Muse - What Is the Muse
The Muse is a character addressed in epic poetry.

The Life and Work of the Ancient Greek Poet Homer
Learn what we think we know about the writer of one of the top three most popular books of all time.

The Sindhu River
The Sindhu River, also commonly referred to as the Indus River, is a major river in South Asia. The Sindhu is one of the longest rivers in the world.

The Vedas
The Vedas are ancient religious writing of the Indian subcontinent.

Ancient History: The United Monarchy
The United Monarchy was the beginning of the period of kings for the Hebrew people (Saul, David, Solomon.) The United Monarchy followed the time of judges.

Juvenal - Roman Writer of Satire
Juvenal may have been the last great Roman satirist, but we know little about him.

Janus - Who Is Janus
Glossary entry on Janus. Ancient/Classical History.

What Is the Roman Hypocaust Form of Central Heating?
Definition for the term hypocaust.

The Ancient Sources for the History of Ancient India
The history of the truly ancient period of India is severely limited, but starting with the time of Alexander the Great we have some written eye-witness records thanks to Nearchus and Megasthenes.

Roman Baths and Hygiene in Ancient Rome
Roman Baths and Hygiene in Ancient Rome. Hygiene in ancient Rome included baths, toiletss, cleansers, access to facilities, and high standards of cleanliness.

How Many Trips Did Hercules Make to the Underworld?
Hercules braved the Underworld for various reasons on one or more occasions.

What Was a Herm in Ancient Greece?
What was a herm in ancient Greece, and why did it have en erect phallus on it?

Ancient History Glossary: Argeiphontes
Glossary entry on argeiphontes. Ancient/Classical History.

The Written Word
Learn about ancient writing, the early systems, development of the alphabet, the Latin language, and ancient literature.

Horace Odes Book I.14
Horace Odes Book I.14. Ancient/Classical History. Page 14.

Horace Odes Book I.15
Horace Odes Book I.15. Ancient/Classical History. Page 15.

Horace Odes Book I.16
Horace Odes Book I.16. Ancient/Classical History. Page 16.

Horace Odes Book I.17
Horace Odes Book I.17. Ancient/Classical History. Page 17.

Horace Odes Book I.18
Horace Odes Book I.18. Ancient/Classical History. Page 18.

Horace Odes Book I.19
Horace Odes Book I.19. Ancient/Classical History. Page 19.

Horace Odes Book I.20
Horace Odes Book I.20. Ancient/Classical History. Page 20.

Horace Odes Book I.21
Horace Odes Book I.21. Ancient/Classical History. Page 21.

Horace Odes Book I.22
Horace Odes Book I.22. Ancient/Classical History. Page 22.

Horace Odes Book I.23
Horace Odes Book I.23. Ancient/Classical History. Page 23.

Horace Odes Book I.24
Horace Odes Book I.24. Ancient/Classical History. Page 24.

Horace Odes Book I.26
Horace Odes Book I.26. Ancient/Classical History. Page 25.

Horace Odes Book I.27
Horace Odes Book I.27. Ancient/Classical History. Page 26.

Horace Odes Book I.29
Horace Odes Book I.29. Ancient/Classical History. Page 27.

Horace Odes Book I.30
Horace Odes Book I.30. Ancient/Classical History. Page 28.

Horace Odes Book I.31
Horace Odes Book I.31. Ancient/Classical History. Page 29.

Horace Odes Book I.33
Horace Odes Book I.33. Ancient/Classical History. Page 31.

Horace Odes Book I.32
Ancient/Classical History. Page 30.

Horace Odes Book I.34
Horace Odes Book I.34. Ancient/Classical History. Page 32.

Horace Odes Book I.35
Horace Odes Book I.35. Ancient/Classical History. Page 33.

Horace Odes Book I.36
Horace Odes Book I.36. Ancient/Classical History. Page 34.

Horace Odes Book I.37
Horace Odes Book I.37. Ancient/Classical History. Page 35.

Horace Odes Book I.38
Horace Odes Book I.38. Ancient/Classical History. Page 36.

Horace Ode 1 Book I to Maecenas
The first Ode of Horace, Book I.1, to Maecenas

Horace Odes I.10
Horace Odes I.10. Ancient/Classical History. Page 10.

Horace Odes Book I.11
Horace Odes Book I.11. Ancient/Classical History. Page 11.

Horace Odes Book I.12
Horace Odes Book I.12. Ancient/Classical History. Page 12.

Horace Odes Book I.13
Horace Odes Book I.13. Ancient/Classical History. Page 13.

Horace Odes I.2
Horace Odes Book I.2. Ancient/Classical History. Page 2.

Horace Odes Book I.3
The third Ode of the first book of Horace's Odes in English translation. Page 3.

Horace Odes Book I.4
Horace Odes Book I.4. Ancient/Classical History. Page 4.

Horace Odes Book I.5
Horace Odes Book I.5. Ancient/Classical History. Page 5.

Horace Odes Book I.6
Horace Odes Book I.6. Ancient/Classical History. Page 6.

Horace Odes I.7
Horace Odes I.7. Ancient/Classical History. Page 7.

Ancient/Classical History
Ancient/Classical History. Page 8.

Horace Odes I.9
Horace Odes I.9. Ancient/Classical History. Page 9.

Chapter 8 - Night Moves, from 'The Trojan War: A New History,' by Barry Strauss.
Chapter 8 - Night Moves, from 'The Trojan War: A New History,' by Barry Strauss.

Summary of the Concluding Chapter to Trojan War: A New History, by Barry Strauss
Summary of the concluding chapter to Trojan War: A New History, by Barry Strauss.

Summary of Chapter 9 - Hector's Charge, from 'The Trojan War: A New History,' by Barry Strauss.
Summary of Chapter 9 - Hector's Charge, from 'The Trojan War: A New History,' by Barry Strauss.

Chapter 7 - The Killing Fields
Summary of Chapter 7 - The Killing Fields, from 'The Trojan War: A New History,' by Barry Strauss.

Summary of 'The Trojan War: A New History,' by Barry Strauss
Read about and view a pictorial summary of the events in the Trojan War and related topics from 'The Trojan War: A New History,' by Barry Strauss.

Summary of Chapter 10 - Achilles Heel, from 'The Trojan War: A New History,' by Barry Strauss.
Summary of Chapter 10 - Achilles Heel, from 'The Trojan War: A New History,' by Barry Strauss.

Chapter 11 - The Night of the Horse
Summary of Chapter 11 - The Night of the Horse, from 'The Trojan War: A New History,' by Barry Strauss.

Introduction to 'The Trojan War: A New History,' by Barry Strauss
Introduction to 'The Trojan War: A New History,' by Barry Strauss

Chapter 2 - The Black Ships Sail
Summary of Chapter 2 The Black Ships Sail, from 'The Trojan War: A New History,' by Barry Strauss.

Operation Beachhead
Summary of Chapter 3 Operation Beachhead, from 'The Trojan War: A New History,' by Barry Strauss.

Summary of the Assault on the Walls
Summary of Chapter 4 Assault on the Walls, from 'The Trojan War: A New History,' by Barry Strauss.

Summary of Chapter 5 - The Dirty War, from 'The Trojan War: A New History,' by Barry Strauss
Summary of Chapter 5 - The Dirty War, from 'The Trojan War: A New History,' by Barry Strauss.

An Army in Trouble
Summary of Chapter 6 - An Army in Trouble, from 'The Trojan War: A New History,' by Barry Strauss.

Chapter 1 - War for Helen. From The Trojan War: A New History, by Barry Strauss
Summary of Chapter 1 - War for Helen, from 'The Trojan War: A New History,' by Barry Strauss. Causes of the Trojan War: Wife Stealing and Plunder. The abduction of Helen, wife of Menelaus of Sparta, was not the only factor that launched a thousand ships.

Five Roman Empresses You Shouldn't Invite to Dinner
Ancient Roman dinner parties were ragers. But you probably wouldn't want these scandalous empresses on your guest list...at least, if you wanted to stay alive!

Holidays
In the ancient world where there were no weekends, holidays provided breaks from the mundane world of daily life, as well as religious experiences.

The Ten Greatest Heroes of Greek Mythology
Ten of the greatest heroes of Greek legend, including Odysseus, Achilles, Perseus, Theseus, and Hercules.

Characters from Greek Legend
A list of who's who in Greek mythology and legend.

Characters from Greek Legend
A list of who's who in Greek mythology and legend.

Ancient Historians
Information on ancient major historians.

Ancient Literature
Resources on ancient literature and particularly the genres of poetry, history, tragedy, and comedy.

Greek Section of the Rosetta Stone
Picture of the Greek section of the Rosetta Stone

Demotic Part of the Rosetta Stone
Picture of the Demotic section of the Rosetta Stone

Ancient Sources on the Tyranny and Murder of Hipparchus
Find out what the ancient sources on the tyrants of Athens known as the Peisistratids had to say about the succession of the Peisistratids, the brothers Hippias and Hipparchus, the love triangle, the tyrannicide and the reverence in which the assassins were held.

The Deeds of the Dioscuri
Leda and Zeus didn't just have Helen - they spawned Castor and Polydeuces, a.k.a. Pollux. Check out the twin twosome's good and bad deeds.

Birth of the Olympian Gods and Goddesses
Despite repeated parental attempts to eat or hide their offspring, the birth of the Olympian gods and goddesses including Zeus and Hera followed the emergence of the titans Cronus and Rhea who sprang from Uranus the sky and Gaia the earth.

Polis - Ancient Greek City-State
Glossary entry on polis, the ancient Greek city-state.

Mycenaean Overview and History
While we don't know what happened to the Minoans, they seem to have been taken over by the Mycenaeans from the Greek mainland, because after 1500 a new writing dominated Cretan records, Linear B. We know about the Mycenaeans from Homer's epics.

Study Guide for Greek Theater
Our modern theater owes its origins to the ancient Greeks. Here is a study guide for classical (Greek and Roman) drama (tragedy, comedy, and more).

Important Facts About the Greek Theater and Drama
Learn these important points about Greek theater and especially Greek tragedy. Page 2.

Select Greek Theater Bibliography
Ancient/Classical History. Page 3.

The Greek Chorus in Greek Dramas
Ancient / Classical History. Page 4.

Migrations During the Dark Age of Ancient Greece
The fall of the Myceneans and the Dorian invasion.

Attica - What Is Attica
Definition of Attica relevant to ancient history.

Ancient Greek Meals
About the names and times of the ancient Greek meals.

Food in Ancient Greece
About the foods of the ancient Greek meals.

Profile of the Roman Tribunes
An overview of the Roman Tribunes.

Notes on Roman Prostitution From the Satyricon by Petronius
Ancient Roman prostitutes, harlots, brothels and other houses of prostitution. Notes from a public domain translation of Petronius, by W. C. Firebaugh, on the history of prostitutes in ancient Rome.

What's in a Royal Nickname?
Hellenistic kings had nicknames galore. What's behind their magical monikers?

Egyptian Clothing - What Clothing Did Egyptians Wear?
An answer to the question, Ancient/Classical History.

Roman Emperor Titus Biography
Titus was a Roman Emperor from A.D. 79-81, during the eruption of Mt. Vesuvius, the destruction of Pompeii, the construction of the Roman colosseum.

Female Philosopher Hypatia of Alexandria
Hypatia of Alexandria was a famous philosopher of Egypt who ran into trouble with the Christian Church.

Cupid - Profile of Ancient Roman and Greek Deities
Cupid is the Roman love god associated with the cherubic archer of Valentine's Day.

Zarathustra - Persian Prophet
Zarathustra founder of the Zoroastrian religion of the Persians.

Aesop's Fable of the Crow and the Pitcher
Aesop's Fable of the Crow and the Pitcher, an interpretation and history, and the science behind the story.

Guanyin - the Goddess of Mercy
Guanyin is a Chinese goddess. Ancient/Classical History.

Decay as a Reason for the Fall of Rome
Why and how decay is a reason for the fall of Rome.

Eos - About the Greek Goddess Eos
Eos was the Greek goddess of the dawn. Eos is the daughter of Hyperion and Theia.

How Tall Was the Great Pyramid at Giza?
The tallest of a cluster of three pyramids at Giza, the Great Pyramid has lost some height over the millennia due to erosion. How tall was it originally?

Pharaoh Thutmose III - Battle of Megiddo
The 18th Dynasty Egyptian Pharaoh Thutmose III waged the Battle of Megiddo against the prince of Kadesh and his allies.

Egyptian Pyramids and the Egyptian View of Death
Purpose and construction of Egyptian pyramids. The pyramids as they related to the Egyptian view of death.

Emily Holleman Recreates Cleopatra's Family Affairs
Author Emily Holleman chats about her new book, Cleopatra's Shadows, the role of women in the ancient world, and the tragic last princesses of Egypt.

What Did the Ancient Egyptians Call Egypt?
How did Egypt get its name? The Greeks! So what did the people of the pyramids call their own homeland?

Hercules' Friends, Family, and Enemies
List of people involved in the life of Hercules.

Hercules' Friends, Family, and Enemies
List of people involved in the life of Hercules.

Hercules' Friends, Family, and Enemies
List of people involved in the life of Hercules.

Hannibal Barca - Map Showing the Route of Hannibal Barca
Hannibal Barca. Ancient/Classical History. Page 5.

Hannibal Barca
Hannibal Barca. Ancient/Classical History. Page 4.

Hannibal Barca
Hannibal Barca. Ancient/Classical History. Page 3.

The Minotaur - From the Greek Mythology Retold by Nathaniel Hawthorne in the Tanglewood Tales.
The Minotaur - From the Greek Mythology Retold by Nathaniel Hawthorne in the Tanglewood Tales.

Greek Myths by Nathaniel Hawthorne in Tanglewood Tales
The tales of Greek mythology told by Nathaniel Hawthorne's in the Tanglewood Tales.

Pygmies - From the Greek Mythology Retold by Nathaniel Hawthorne in the Tanglewood Tales.
Pygmies - From the Greek Mythology Retold by Nathaniel Hawthorne in the Tanglewood Tales.

Dragon's Teeth - From the Greek Mythology Retold by Nathaniel Hawthorne in the Tanglewood Tales.
Dragon's Teeth - From the Greek Mythology Retold by Nathaniel Hawthorne in the Tanglewood Tales.

Circe's Palace - Nathaniel Hawthorne's Tanglewood Tales Story of Circe's Palace
The tales of Greek mythology told by Nathaniel Hawthorne's in the Tanglewood Tales.

Pomegranate Seeds - From the Greek Mythology Retold by Nathaniel Hawthorne in the Tanglewood Tales.
Pomegranate Seeds - From the Greek Mythology Retold by Nathaniel Hawthorne in the Tanglewood Tales.

The Golden Fleece - From the Greek Mythology Retold by Nathaniel Hawthorne in the Tanglewood Tales.
The Golden Fleece - From the Greek Mythology Retold by Nathaniel Hawthorne in the Tanglewood Tales.

Caesar Statue
Caesar Statue. Ancient/Classical History. Page 53.

Laocoon of Troy, His Sons, and the Serpents
Laocoon of Troy, His Sons, and the Serpents. Page 54.

Leda and the Swan Terracotta Loutrophoros From c. 330 B.C.
Leda and the Swan Terracotta Loutrophoros From c. 330 B.C. Page 52.

Odysseus and the Suitors
Odysseus and the Suitors. Ancient/Classical History. Page 50.

Bamiyan Buddhas
The Bamiyan Buddhas and cultural battles. Page 42.

Wordless Wednesday Picture Gallery
Wordless Wednesday Picture Gallery. Page 47.

Wordless Wednesday Picture Gallery
Wordless Wednesday Picture Gallery. Page 31.

Wordless Wednesday Picture Gallery
Wordless Wednesday Picture Gallery. Page 35.

Wordless Wednesday Picture Gallery
Wordless Wednesday Picture Gallery. Page 38.

Wordless Wednesday Picture Gallery
Wordless Wednesday Picture Gallery. Page 30.

Mayan stelae, Museum of Man, San Diego
Mayan stelae, Museum of Man, San Diego. Page 51.

Neptune - Roman Version of the Greek God Poseidon - Neptune the Earthquake God
The Romans called Poseidon Neptune. Neptune was the earthquake god. Page 44.