Ancient/Classical History Sitemap - Page 4 2016-09-26

Descriptions of Nine Roman Military Leaders
Descriptions of nine Roman military leaders listed in alphabetical order.

Tale of Troy or Iliad - The Story Behind the Trojan War
Tale of Troy is the story behind the Trojan War. The tale of Troy begins with the competition among the three goddesses, which Aphrodite won. The Iliad is the retelling by Homer of a part of the Trojan War.

The Pride of Agamemnon and Achilles
Agamemnon, as leader of the Greek forces, was responsible for the lives of his men, but his continued acts of sacrilege and pride threatened the success of the Greek expedition to Troy. Page 2.

The Trojan War and the Trojan Horse
How crafty Odysseus won the Trojan War for the Greeks by the ruse of a Trojan Horse. Page 3.

Major Events in the Trojan War - Ancient / Classical History
A description of the sequence of major events of the Trojan War and Homer's 'Iliad', starting with the theft by Paris of Helen of Troy.

The House of Atreus Curse (Trojan War)
The Trojan War - The House of Atreus. Page 2.

The Trojan War - 10 Years of Battle
The Trojan War - ten years of battle. Page 3.

The Trojan War - The Final Act
The Trojan War - The Trojan Horse. Page 4.

Persian Battle of Thermopylae Summary (300 Movie)
Date and very brief description of the Persian War Battle of Thermopylae at which the Spartans, under Leonidas, fought bravely to their death.

Greek Tragedy: Where'd the Athenians Goat It From?
How did goats play a role in the birth of ancient Greek tragedy?

Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius Profile
Marcus Aurelius - Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius. Basic information on the Roman emperor Marcus Aurelius

3 Ancient Gifts Mary and Joseph Needed on Their Baby Registry
Forget frankincense; goodbye to gold. Here are three ancient baby gifts the Magi should have brought little Jesus.

Wars and Important Battles
Wars and Important Battles. Ancient/Classical History.

About the Giant Antaeus in Mythology
Antaeus was a giant with whom Hercules wrestled. Antaeus is known for drawing his strength from his mother the earth, Gaia.

Jewish Calendar Month Names
Jewish months of the Hebrew calendar based on Babylonian month names.

Did Merlin Exist
How do we know anything about King Arthur and Merlin? Is there any reason to believe King Arthur or Merlin was real?

Who Was Merlin?
Ancient/Classical History. Page 2.

Pharaoh Hatshepsut of Egypt - Brief Profile
A look at the basics on Hatshepsut, the New Kingdom female co-ruler and pharaoh.

Tenses of Latin Verbs (Beginners' Guide)
Even without a noun or pronoun, a Latin verb can tell you who/what the subject is. It can also tell you the time frame, interval, or

Greek God Apollo
Apollo is the brother of Artemis and son of Zeus and Leda. Apollo was the god of prophecy, music, and healing. Asclepius was the son of Apollo.

Artemis, Greek Goddess of the Hunt - Profile
Artemis was the Greek goddess of the hunt.

Demeter Greek Goddess Profile
Demeter Greek Goddess. Ancient / Classical History.

Prometheus - Profile of the Greek Titan
Prometheus was an ancient Greek creature known as a Titan -- a race of beings from the generation before the gods. Prometheus was the son of the Titan Iapetus.

The Formation of the Delian League in Ancient History
The Delian League was formed in response to an international war but was central to another war, this time between the Greek city-states. Led by Athens, several ancient Greek city-states joined together to form the Delian league

An Introduction to Hellenistic Greece
The era of Hellenistic Greece was the period when Greece language and culture spread throughout the Mediterranean world.

The Plague in Athens - Thucydides' Peloponnesian War
The section from Thucydides' history of the Peloponnesian War on the deadly plague that killed so many in Athens.

Parode and Related Terms in Ancient Greek Plays
Parode, also referred to as parodos, is a term used in ancient Greek theater. Learn more terms and the structure of Greek tragedies and comedies.

Aphrodite - the Love Goddess
Description of the ancient Greek goddess of love and beauty Aphrodite.

Elagabalus - Roman Emperor
Elagabalus was the randy priest of a phallic god who became emperor of Rome when he hit puberty.

Ancient/Classical History
Ancient/Classical History. Page 2.

Greek Mythology - Bible vs Biblos
The Greeks revered Homer. Greek mythology showed a different relationship between gods and men from what we see in the Bible.

Gods in the Heroic Age
The Ancient Greeks had creation stories, but little about man's creation. Page 2.

Greek and Roman Mythology Depicted in Daily Life
Roman and Greek mythology in modern daily life. Myth today.

Differences between Myths, Legends, and Folk Tales
Introduction to Greek Mythology. Myths and legends.

Myths and Legends - Abduction of Persephone
Myths and Legends - The Abduction of Persephone. Page 2.

Myths and Legends Founding of Rome
Myths and Legends - The founding of Rome by Romulus. Page 3.

Myths and Legends - The Tale of Cupid and Psyche
Myths and Legends the story of Cupid and Psyche. Page 4.

How Did the Greek King Agamemnon Die?
Here's the grisly way Agamemnon died after returning home from the Trojan War.

The Phoenix Bird Throughout Ancient History
Learn about the marvelous, fabulous bird known as the phoenix.

Atellan Farce - Information on Atellan Farces
Glossary entry on Atellan Farce.

How Augustus Rose From Obscurity to Greatness
Learn how Augustus, one of the most important figures in Roman history, rose to power?

8 Principles of Stoicism
The Stoics were Greeks and Romans, who followed a realistic, but morally idealistic way of life, echoed in the famous Serenity Prayer of 12 Steps

Learn How to Understand Words From Greek and Latin Roots
Learn how to understand words from Green and Latin roots with a little etymology study.

Book of Daniel From the King James Version of the Bible
The Book of Daniel was written in about 164 B.C. Read the full Book of Daniel from the King James version of the Bible.

The Stoic and the Epicurean Philosophy on How to Live the Good Life
An Epicurean and Stoic Take on How to Be Happy and Life the Good Life

How Athens Played a Significant Role in Greek History
The Importance of Athens in Greek History, Chapter 1 & 2 A Day in Old Athens, by William Stearns Davis (1910) Professor of Ancient History

A Country Study on the Ancient Cultures of Japan
A Country Study on the Ancient Cultures of Japan by The Library of Congress.

Horatius at the Bridge poem by Lord Macaulay
Horatius at the Bridge poem by Lord Macaulay

The Ancient Illyrians Connection to Today's Albanians
Learn about the Ancient Illyrians Connection to today's Albanians from this Library of Congress article.

The Fall of Rome: How, When and Why Did It Happen?
Introduction to the Fall of the Rome and the Decline of the Roman Empire: When Did Rome Fall, How and Why Did Rome Fall?

Reasons for the Fall of Rome - Decay & Christianity
A look at how decay and Christianity contributed to the fall of Rome. Page 2.

Economic Reasons for Why Rome Fell
Hoarding and other economic reasons for the Fall of Rome. Page 3.

Fall of Rome - Lead Poisoning or Internal Division?
Reasons for the Fall of Rome include the presence of lead and the division of the Roman Empire in to the Western and the Byzantine Empire. Page 4.

Table of Roman Equivalents of Greek Gods
The Greek and Roman civilizations shared many aspects in common, not the least of which was their pantheon, their collection of gods.

The Major Religions of Ancient India
The civilization of the Indian subcontinent is about 4000-years old, with a religious tradition stretching back through much of that period.

Latin Irregular Verb 'To Be' - 'Sum'
The paradigm for the conjugation of the Latin irregular verb for to be -- sum -- along with other Latin irregular verbs and compound verbs formed from sum.

Thor - Norse God of Thunder (Profile)
Thor is one of the most popular and powerful gods of the major mythologies. He is also part of modern daily life, since Thursday is named for him.

King Hammurabi of Babylonia - Biographical Profile
King Hammurabi of Babylonia was an important Babylonian king known for his early law code, the Code of Hammurabi.

Ancient Egyptian Cuisine and Food Habits
The diet of the ancient Egyptians depended on social position and wealth. Tomb paintings, medical treatises, and archaeology reveal a variety of foods

Hebrew and Biblical Names - Meanings and Significance
It's important to know the meaning and significance of Biblical and Hebrew names before you give one to your child.

Writing Greek Letters on the Computer
If you don't have a font and only want to add a few letters of Greek, here is the code for upper and lower case Greek letters.

How Did Jews Live During Jesus' Time?
Understanding how the Jews lived in Jesus' time requires reading the New Testament within the context of first-century Judaism and the Roman Empire.

Persian Wars Timeline 492-449 B.C.
Timeline of the battles and chronology of the Persian Wars between Greece and Darius and Xerxes of Persia.

Hippocratic Method and the Four Humors in Medicine
Here is a look at the major terms connected with the Hippocratic method and especially the ancient medical use of the theory of the four humors.

What Was the Role of Perseus in Greek Mythology?
Perseus was a Greek hero known for the slaying of the Gorgon Medusa, whose head with its snaky locks, turned men to stone.

Discover the Code-Breaking History of the Rosetta Stone
The Rosetta Stone is a black, possibly basalt slab with three languages on it (Greek, demotic and hieroglyphs) each saying the same thing.

Who Were the Etruscans? (Tyrrhenians)
The Etruscans, who lived in Etruria, were known as Tyrrhenians by the Greeks. They were at their height in Italy from the 8th to the 5th century B.C.

Nymphs - Names and Types in Greek Mythology
Nymphs (Greek plural: nymphai) are mythological nature spirits that appear as beautiful young women.

What Was the Charge Against Socrates?
What was the charge against Socrates for which he had to commit suicide by drinking a cup of hemlock?

The Shang Dynasty - History of Ancient China
The Shang Dynasty of ancient China was the first dynasty in Chinese history with both archaeological and documentary evidence.

Aristotle on Democracy and Government
Aristotle argues that all forms of government have their problems, including, but not limited to democracy.

Fall of Rome Events on a Short Timeline
This Fall of Rome timeline uses standard events and marks the end with Gibbon's conventionally accepted date for the fall of Rome in A.D. 476.

Sobek, Crocodile God of Ancient Egypt
The low-down on the ancient Egyptian crocodile god Sobek.

Xia Dynasty - Ancient Chinese History
The Xia dynasty was the first to irrigate, produce cast bronze and a strong army. It used oracle bones and had a calendar

Who Was Paul of Tarsus, and Why Was He Important?
Paul of Tarsus was a Jew who had Roman citizenship and tried to stamp out Christianity until he had a vision on the Road to Damascus.

Timeline of Greek and Roman Philosophers
Timeline of Greek and Roman Philosophers.

Roman Republic Government's Three Branches
In 509 (possibly), the Romans expelled their Etruscan kings and established the Roman Republic, with 3 branches of government.

Words for Colors in Latin (With English Translations)
List of the words for colors in Latin and their English translations, along with information on words and word derivations.

What Did Cleopatra Look Like?
The name Cleopatra Queen of Egypt has often been used to mean a seductive, beautiful woman, but Cleopatra may not have been beautiful at all.

Myths Involving the Greek God Hades
Hades is the enemy of all life, gods, and men. He is rarely worshiped. There are, however, a few myths in which he plays a major role.

The Life and Influence of Attila the Hun
A barbarian to the Romans, Attila, a fierce warrior and king of the horse-riding Huns, harassed the Roman Empire during the fifth century.

The 12 Olympians of Greek Mythology
In Greek mythology, there were 12 Olympians, gods and goddesses, who lived and held thrones on Mount Olympus.

What Is the Fertile Crescent?
The Fertile Crescent is a name for a fertile arc-shaped area by the Mediterranean which covers Biblical lands, the Tigris and Euphrates, & the Nile Valley.

Do You Know the 9 Greek Muses?
The nine muses (Calliope, Urania, Euterpe, Thalia, Inspiration, Melpomene, Erato, Mnemosyne, Clio, Terpsichore, and Polymnia), their provinces & attributes.

Daily Life and Social Life in the Ancient World
Here you will find information on how ancient people spent their lives During times of peace, communities formed governments, composed law codes, lived their daily lives, worshiped their gods, married, and buried their dead. You'll find timelines, kings or dynasty lists, and basic information on the major ancient civilizations.

Heroes and Villains of the Ancient World
Resources on ancient heroes from myth, legend, and historical wars, as well as a look at some of the Roman and mythological villains.

Resources on learning, reading, and translating Latin, including grammar and tips about poetry, with information on important Classical Latin writers.

Hercules - Twelve Labors of Hercules Offiste Articles - Hercules Twelve Labors
Offsite articles on the Twelve Labors of Hercules.

Praxilla of Sicyon
One of the earthly muses, along with Sappho, she was a Greek lyric poet of the fifth century B.C.

Sappho - Sappho of Lesbos
Sappho / Psappho, who grew up on Lesbos, a commercial island where women were allowed greater freedom than in Attica, started her own school for girls in which they learned the art of writing lyric poetry from one of its greatest masters.

Ovid Amores Book III
The Latin text of Ovid Amores Book III.

Alcmene - Alcmena - Mother of Hercules - Wife of Amphitryon
Alcmene was a mortal who caught the eye of a god and gave birth to Hercules (Herakles).

Second Jewish Revolt - Bar Kochba
Information on the second Jewish revolt, also known as the Bar Kochba Revolt after the epithet of the Jewish leader opposing Hadrian.

Croesus King of Lydia
Croesus, king of Lydia, was responsible for minting gold and silver coins, acquiring great wealth, and coming into contact with the Ionian Greeks.

King Cyrus of Persia
Cyrus, Achaemenid king who conquered the Medes to become first emperor of Persia.

Greek Women Poets
Although most of the ancient poets were men, there are several famous ancient women who wrote lyric poetry. The best known is Sappho of Lesbos.

Hercules Articles
Articles about Hercules, one of the main heroes from Greek mythology. Hercules is especially known for the 12 labors. He was also involved in the Argonauts' quest for the Golden Fleece.

Hercules - People Hercules encountered - Helpers - Consorts - Enemies
On his voyages and labors Hercules encountered many people. Here are some of the women with whom Hercules had affairs or married, some of the partners who helped Hercules in his tasks, and other people or creatures he had to fight.

Texts attributed to Hesiod in Greek and English
Texts attributed to Hesiod in Greek and English, including Theogony, Works and Days, Shield of Heracles, and Marriage of Ceyx to Doubtful. Translations are in the public domain unless otherwise attributed.

Kushan Empire - Yuezhi in Bactria
Kushan describes one branch of the Yuezhi, an Indo-European group driven from northwestern China in 176 – 160 B.C. The Yuezhi reached Bactria (northwest Afghanistan and Tajikistan) around 135 B.C., moved south into Gandhara, and established a capital near Kabul.

Nero - Profiles of the Roman Emperor Nero
Information on the life of the Roman Emperor Nero.

Nero - Eyewitness Accounts of the Roman Emperor Nero
Ancient writing on the Roman Emperor Nero -- eyewitness accounts and writing by near contemporaries.

Nero - Timelines of the Roman Emperor Nero and the Julio-Claudian Emperors
Timelines of the Emperor Nero, especially in the context of the other Julio-Claudian emperors and the history of the Roman Empire.

Twelve Labors - Hercules - Herakles - Heracles - Eurystheus
The twelve labors Hercules performed for Eurystheus were: Nemean Lion, Cerynitian Hind, Lernean Hydra, Erymanthian Boar, Stymphalian Birds, Belt of Hippolyte, Hound of Hades, Apples of the Hesperides, Augean Stables, Cretan Bulls, Mares of Diomedes, and Cattle of Geryon.

Horace Odes Book III
English, Latin, and notes on Horace's Odes Book III.

Ovid Amores Book I
The Latin text of Ovid Amores Book I.

Ovid Amores Book II
The Latin text of Ovid Amores Book II.

Ovid Amores
Ovid Amores. Ancient/Classical History.

Women Articles - Social Postions of Ancient Women
Resources on ancient women from the ancient world

Aristotle's Metaphysics
Beyond and after the physical is the philosophical metaphysical located somewhere in the realm of form as opposed to matter.

Bona Dea festival - Roman Bona Dea Festival for Women Only
Bona Dea, a title that means 'good goddess', honored Roman goddesses of fruitfulness on May 1. The Bona Dea festival was for women-only. Publius Clodius Pulcher (brother of Catullus'

Cicero - Writing - Latin
The writing of Cicero on philosophical, legal, and political topics, including his letters to Atticus, in the original Latin.

Gallae were the transgendered priestesses of the Cult of Great Mother.
Gallae (Galli), about whom we know very little, were the transgendered priestesses of the mystery Cult of Great Mother.

Hammurabi - King Hammurabi Babylonian Law-giver
Resources on the Babylonian king Hammurabi.

Metamorphoses - Ovid's Mythological Transformations or Metamorphoses
Ovid's history of the world tells the stories of mythological figures who have undergone transformations; hence the title, Metamorphoses.

Reigns, events, dates and major contributions of major Near Eastern kings and monarchs.
Reigns, events, dates and major contributions of major Near Eastern monarchs.

Saturnalia - Roman Festival Saturnalia
Saturnalia was probably the most popular Roman festival. Saturnalia was held in mid-December to honor the god Saturn with feasting, gift giving and role reversal.

Septimius Severus Soldier Emperor of Rome
Septimius Severus was the first of the soldier emperors of Rome who rose improbably from the ranks of soldiers to become a reformer of the military. The soldier emperor Septimius Severus eschewed luxury and preferred life in Britain where he died, to Rome.

Tibullus - Roman Poet - Albius Tibullus
Albius Tibullus (c. 55 B.C. - c. 19 B.C.) was a Roman poet, about whom we know little. Quintilian considered Tibullus the best Roman poet.

Xerxes - King of Persia Xerxes
Resources on Xerxes. Xerxes, successor of Darius and king of Persia, whom the Greeks thought despotic, led the Persians in the Persian War and was defeated at the Battle of Salamis.

People in Theseus Life
People and monsters Theseus encountered in the Greek myths.

Odes of Horace
Here are the Odes of Horace and information about them.

Read about a February fertility festival loosely associated with Valentine's Day.

Parilia. Ancient/Classical History.

Aristaeus wrote about how the Pentateuch was translated
Resources on Aristeas, an Hellenistic Jew thought to have lived in the second century B.C. and said to have created a story about how the Pentateuch was translated.

Aristophanes - Greek Old Comedy - Aristophanes
Aristophanes is the only extant writer of Greek Old Comedy.

Aristotle - Bibliography
Recent articles and general bibliography on Aristotle and specific works.

Aristotle - Works
The theories and writings of the philosopher Aristotle.

The Babylonians used a hexasegimal system (base sixty) and a standardized system of weights and measures from 2500 B.C.
The Babylonians used a hexasegimal system (base sixty) and a standardized system of weights and measures from 2500 B.C.

The Dead Sea Scrolls were first found by Bedouin shepherds in a cave in 1947.
The Dead Sea Scrolls, which have been studied since their accidental discovery in 1947, offer us a direct link to the formative years of Christianity and an insight into life from a Jewish perspective.

Easter is the main event of the Christian religious year. Easter celebrates the Christian miracle of the resurrection of Jesus Christ. Here are articles on Easter and its connection with other festivals and ceremonies bit pagan and Jewish.

Eumenes - Military Leader Under Alexander the Great
Eumenes was a military leader under Alexander the Great.

Germany or Germania - Goths - Visigoths - Ostrogoths - Vandals
Resources on the Roman provinces in Germania, the various Germanic warrior tribes, their migrations into Europe, and their invasions of the Goths and Vandals.

Heroic Behavior and Who Was Counted As a hero
Ancient/Classical History.

Illyria/Ancient Albanians
Historical ancestors of the people involved in the Bosnian, Serbo-Croatian controversy.

Jason and the Argonauts
Resources for the legend of the hero Jason and his trusty band of followers known as the Argonauts.

Lysistrata - Aristophanes comedy Lysistrata - LYSISTRATA
Aristophanes wrote his comedy Lysistrata about a women's sex strike led by the Athenian Lysistrata. Lysistrata is a Greek play by Aristophanes.

Peace by Aristophanes PEACE Aristophanes
The play Peace, by Aristophanes. Peace is one of Aristophanes anti-war comedies.

Two Kingdoms of the Ancient Hebrews
Resources on the division of the united kingdom of the Hebrews following their three unsatisfactory kings, Saul, David, and Solomon.

Roman Priests and Priestesses - Articles on Roman Priests and Priestesses
Read about ancient Roman priests and priestesses.

Achilles - Greek Hero Achilles
Achilles was the leading hero of the Greeks in the Trojan War. Homer focuses on Achilles and the wrath of Achilles in The Iliad.

Agamemnon was the leader of the Greeks or Achaeans in the Trojan War

Clytemnestra - Agamemnon - Mother of Orestes Iphigenia CLYTEMNESTRA
Information on Clytemnestra, the wife of Agamemnon and mother of Orestes and Iphigenia.

Homer - Odysseus and The Odyssey
Resources on the Homeric epic about Odysseus and his ten-year return to Ithaca from the war at Troy.

Iphigenia - Daughter of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra Iphigenia - Iphigenia at Aulis
Iphigenia was the daughter of Clytemnestra and Agamemnon. Agamemnon sacrificed his daughter Iphigenia to Artemis at Aulis.

Menelaus - King Menelaus of Sparta
Menelaus was the king of Sparta. Information on this Greek king whose wife Helen was the cause of the Trojan War.

Patroclus - Achilles Friend Patroclus
Patroclus was a dear friend of Achilles. When Hector killed Patroclus in the Trojan War, Achilles sought revenge.

Penelope - Wife of Odysseus - Mother of Telemachus
Penelope, the faithful wife of Odysseus, kept suitors at bay for twenty years while her husband fought at Troy and suffered Poseidon's wrath on his return home. During this time, she raised their son Telemachus to adulthood.

Plato - Bibliography
Research, bibliography, and articles on Socrates' student Plato.

Plato - Profiles
Basic information about the philosopher Plato, including dates amd introductory biographies.

Plato - Works - Philosophy
The dialogues of Plato featuring his teacher Socrates.

Roman Britain Resources on Roman Britain and the Celtic tribes
Britain and the Celtic tribes from the point they first came into conflict with the Romans to the time the Roman military left.

Romania - Ancient Getae and Dacians of Modern Romania
The ancient Getae and Dacians of what is modern Romania.

Spain - Roman Province of Hispania
Ancient Spain. The Roman province of Hispania, which we call Spain, in English, was the home of 3 Roman emperors, Trajan, Hadrian, and Theodosius, and various writers, including Seneca, Quintilian, Horace, and Columella.

Sun Tzu and The Art of War
Resources on Sun Tzu, his Art of War, and bibliography.

Siege of Syracuse by the Romans - Why Was the Siege of Syracuse by the Romans Significant?
Pages with information relevant to the Siege of Syracuse fought by the Romans under Marcellus against the tyrant of Syracuse.

Gaul - The Province of Gallia in Modern France
The Gauls lived in Gallia in what is now modern France. Here is information on the relations between the Gauls and Rome, and about Gallia as a Roman territory.

Ajax was one of the suitors of Helen and so was one of the members of the Greek force against Troy in the Trojan War. Ajax killed himself.

Apocolocyntosis or Pumpkinification of the Emperor Claudius, by Seneca
Apocolocyntosis, commonly translated The Pumpkinification of Claudius, is a Menippean satire attributed to Seneca, dealing with the consequences of a bumbling emperor's deification upon death.

Atalanta - Greek mythology heroine Atalanta
Atalanta was the lone woman among the Greek heroes who as the Argonauts, accompanied Jason on his quest for the Golden Fleece. Atlanta was the one who drew first blood on the Calydonian Boar.

Cadmus of Thebes
Ancient/Classical History.

Religous Christian Medieval Writing
Although most surviving medieval Latin was written by Christians, these resources pertain to Christianity, religion, or the Latin Mass.

Ancient/Classical History.

Great Dionysia - City Dionysia
The Great Dionysia or City Dionysia was a major Ancient Greek religious festival where dramatists presented their plays.

Hercules - about the Greek Hero Also Known as Heracles or Herakles
Articles on Hercules (Heracles/Herakles), the great Greek hero or demigod who accomplished so much, including the 12 Labors.

Juvenal - Silver Age Roman Poet and Satirist
Resources on the ancient Silver Age satirist Juvenal. We know virtually nothing about Juvenal except that he probably wrote between A.D. 100 and 120.

Resources on the Oedipus Tyrannus of Sophocles.
Resources on the Oedipus Tyrannus of Sophocles.

Perseus - Greek Hero Perseus the Slayer of the Gorgon Medusa
Perseus was one of the major Greek heroes from greek mythology. Perseus was the hero who decapitated the Gorgon Medusa -- the female monster who turned men to stone -- using a mirror.

Persius - Aulus Persius Flaccus - Roman poet - satirist - PERSIUS
Aulus Persius Flaccus. Persius was a Roman poet from Etruria known for his satires.

Roman satirists Juvenal, Horace, Lucilius, Ennius, and Perseus.
Juvenal, Horace, Lucilius, Ennius, and Perseus were satirists who wrote in a genre which, according to Quintilian, was a totally Roman literary form.

Sulpicia - Latin Elegiac Poet
The elegiac post Sulpicia, niece of Valerius Messalla Corvinus and daughter of Servius Sulpicius Rufus, was a contemporary of Tibullus and the only woman writer in the corpus of classical Latin literature.

Theseus - Athenian Hero Theseus
Resources on Theseus the hero of Athens.

Offsite Maps of Ancient Rome
Offsite Maps of Ancient Rome. Ancient/Classical History.

The Battle of Thermopylae is known today largely through the movie the 300. It was a Spartan-led defense against far superior Persian forces.

Roman Emperor - Antoninus Pius
The rule of Antoninus Pius (Roman emperor from A.D. 138-161) was marked by peace and prosperity. He was born September 18, 86 and died on March 7, 161, at Lorium (near Rome).

Atreus was one of the sons of Pelops after whom the cursed House of Atreus was named.

Coriolanus was a Roman patrician of the early Republican period of Rome. Coriolanus was banished after a successful military career and sought to get back at the Romans by allying himself with their enemy, the Volscians.

The genitive is one of the cases of nouns in Latin.
The genitive is one of the cases of nouns in Latin.

Latin Grammar Texts - Grammar - LATIN
High-school and college Latin online grammar and reference books.

Greek Women - Resources on Women in Ancient Greece
Women in Ancient Greece. Resources on the life of the Ancient Greek woman in various periods and cities.

Conjugation of irregular verbs in Latin.
Conjugation of irregular verbs in Latin.

Latin Conjugations - Information on Verbs and Latin Conjugations
Information on conjugating Latin verbs.

Lysias - Greek Orator and Rhetorician - Lysias
Lysias was a Greek orator known for his speeches, including Murder of Eratosthenes. Lysias provides insight into the feelings of the Athenians for The Thirty. Plato compares Lysias with Socrates in Phaedrus.

Latin endings for nouns of the five declensions in Latin.
Latin endings for nouns of the five declensions in Latin.

Socrates - Biography - Profile
The life of Socrates, his individualized approach to teaching, his ethics, and the controversies that surrounded him in life and death.

Socrates - Philosophy - Socratic Method
The Socratic Method and the teaching of Socrates, primarily recorded in dialogues, by his student Plato.

Socrates - Sources - Plato Xenophon Aristophanes
Sources on Socrates, principally written by Plato, Xenophon and Aristophanes.

Socrates - The Trial of Socrates
The biography, philosophy, trial, apology, and execution of the great Greek philosopher Socrates.

Villa of the Papyri - Rome - Herculaneum
The Villa of the Papyri, Herculaneum, excavated in the 18th century, was a treasure house of papyrus, revealing lost writing of the Epicurean philosopher Philodemus.

Ancient Iranian Religion
Resources on aspects of the religions of ancient Persia or Iran before the advent of Islam.

Ancient Roman Aqueducts
Information on the ancient Roman aqueduct.

Ancient/Classical History.

Caligula - Roman Emperor of the Julio-Claudian line
Tiberius' successor, the Emperor Caligula, filled his four years on the throne with a reign of terror that may have been the result of a medical condition.

Roman Emperor Carinus
Carinus was the Roman Emperor of the West before Diocletian.

Roman Emperor - Carus
Ancient/Classical History.

Claudius - Julio-Claudian Emperor of Rome
Claudius (born Tiberius Claudius Drusus) lived from Aug. 1, 10 B.C. - A.D. Oct. 13, 54, and ruled as emperor of Rome (A.D. 41-54), during which time he made Britain a Roman province.

Claudius Gothicus
Ancient/Classical History.

Constantine I - Roman Emperor Constantine also known as Constantine the Great
Constantine also known as Constantine the Great. Resources on Roman Emperor Constantine I (A.D. 306 - 337).

Elagabalus - Antonine Emperor from Emesa, Syria
Marcus Aurelius Antoninus or Elagabalus (named for the sun-god of the Syrian city of Emesa) was emperor of Rome in the third century and despised for his effeminacy, transvestitism, and bisexuality.

Flavian Emperors - Vespasian Titus Domitian
Following the death of the last of the Julio-Claudians and a year of four emperors, the Flavian Emperors, Vespasian and his sons Titus and Domitian ruled Rome.

The reign of the good Roman emperor Hadrian, which lasted from A.D. 117-138.
The reign of the good Roman emperor Hadrian, which lasted from A.D. 117-138, was a period of building, consolidation of the empire, and reform.

Jewish Revolts - Masada - Bar Kochba
Jewish Revolts agains Rome, including the destruction of Jerusalem, Zealots at Masada and Bar Kochba.

Lars Porsena
Following the eviction of the last king of Rome, the Etruscans attacked Rome under the leadership of Lars Porsena. Porsena was favorably impressed with Roman bravery by a Gaius Mucius who earned the name Scaevola (Left-handed) by sticking his hand right hand into a flame.

Marcellus - M. Claudius Marcellus
M. Claudius Marcellus was a third century B.C. Roman general.

Roman Emperor - Marcus Aurelius
The Stoic philosopher Marcus Aurelius followed Antoninus Pius as emperor and was followed by his own son Commodus.

Marius Consul of Republican Rome Seven Times
Marius, who won the Jugurthine War and reformed the army, was embroiled in civil wars yet managed to die of natural causes after having been consul for an unprecedented seven times.

Roads - Roman - Viae
To expand Rome needed fast, efficient paths for its soldiers to march and so it created roads across the Empire. Rome also had local, private and public roads.

Bactria - Ancient Afghanistan
Bactria (the northwestern portion of ancient Afghanistan and Tajikistan), also known as Balkh, was a province of the Persian Empire bounded by Parthia, Aria, Drangiana and Arachosia, which was partly conquered by Alexander the Great.

Galba - Roman Emperor Galba
Ancient/Classical History.

Ancient/Classical History.

Gallus - Roman Emperor Gallus
Ancient/Classical History.

Geta - Roman Emperor Geta
Ancient/Classical History.

Gordian - Roman Emperor Gordianus
Ancient/Classical History.

Gordian III - Roman Emperor Gordianus III
Ancient/Classical History.

Ancient/Classical History.

Battles: Greeks and Persians
Greek wars, campaigns, and battles, concentrating on the Persian and Peloponnesian Wars.

Honorius - Roman Emperor
Roman Emperor Honorius was the brother of Gallia Placida. Honorius has been depicted as weak, foolish, even perhaps, mentally retarded. Yet after Alaric's evacuation of Rome with the help of several able commanders, primarily his general and brother-in-law, Constantine, he managed a comeback for the Roman Empire.

Julian - Apostate Roman Emperor
Julian, the apostate emperor of Rome and nephew of Constantine was a pagan who nevertheless inadvertently managed to put an end to Roman paganism.

Justinian - Roman Emperor Justinian
Ancient/Classical History.

Lucius Verus - Roman Emperor Lucius Verus
Ancient/Classical History.

Achaemenids and Medes
The Achaemids / Achaemenids and Medes were early inhabitants of what is now Iran.

Persian Empire Articles
Articles and resources on the Persian Empire.

Geography of the Persian Empire
Climate, geography, and maps of Persia and the Persian Empire.

Pliny the Younger
Resources on Pliny the Younger, who was a first century Roman statesman. Pliny the Younger wrote about the eruption of Mt. Vesuvius, which killed his uncle Pliny the Elder, among many other topics.

Akkad - City in Sumer Akkad
Sumer was conquered c. 2334 B.C. by Sargon I, king of the Akkad. Sargon was the world's first imperialist.

Galerius - Roman Emperor Galerius
Ancient/Classical History.

Macrinus - Roman Emperor Macrinus
Ancient/Classical History.

Maximinius Daia - Roman Emperor Maximinius Daia
Ancient/Classical History.

Maximinus Thrax - Roman Emperor Maximinus Thrax
Ancient/Classical History.

Nero - Julio-Claudian Emperor Nero
Nero was the last of the Julio-Claudian emperors. The Emperor Nero is anachronistically pictured playing the fiddle while Rome burned.

Roman Emperor - Nerva
Marcus Cocceius Nerva, a 60-year-old senator who became the first of the five good emperors. Following Domitian, he was the first of the emperors to select an heir rather than a blood relative.

Roman Emperor - Numerian (Numerianus)
Ancient/Classical History.

Otho - Roman Emperor Otho
Ancient/Classical History.

Pertinax - Roman Emperor Pertinax
Ancient/Classical History.

Philip the Arab - Roman Emperor Philip the Arab
Ancient/Classical History.

Roman Emperor - Probus
Ancient/Classical History.

Pupienus - Roman Emperor Pupienus
Ancient/Classical History.

Seneca - Lucius Annaeus Seneca
Seneca (4 B.C.-A.D. 65) was a wealthy philosopher, orator and playwright. The tragedies of Seneca may never have been meant for the stage. He was also Nero's teacher.

The Thracian Spartacus is thought to have been in the Roman army before he became a gladiator and slave. Spartacus led an army of slaves against the Roman Republic.

Sulla - leader of the Optimates and Dictator in Republican Rome - Lucius Cornelius Sulla
Lucius Cornelius Sulla (representing the Optimates) and Marius (for the Populares) competed for military glory. Lucius Cornelius Sulla was a Roman dictator.

Roman Religious Rituals
About the ancient Roman religious rituals.

Cicero - Works of Fiction Featuring Cicero
In these works of fiction, Cicero is an important character.

Epic of Gilgamesh - Gilgamesh
Epic of Gilgamesh. Story about Gilgamesh, an historical king of Uruk in Babylonia. The story of Gilgamesh was written down on cuneiform tablets.

Hittites - Ancient Hittites
The Hittites were ancient inhabitants of north Syria, Asia Minor, and Anatolia.

Persian Wars Articles
Articles on the Persian Wars and specific battles fought between the Greeks and their allies and the Persians and theirs.

Severus II - Roman Emperor Severus II
Ancient/Classical History.

Tacitus - Roman Emperor Tacitus
Ancient/Classical History.

Emperor Theodosius the Great of Rome
Resources on Emperor Theodosius the Great of Rome or Theodosius I the Roman military leader who was appointed emperor in the East where he ruled from A.D. 379-395.

Tiberius - Julio-Claudian Emperor of Rome
Tiberius (born Nov. 16, 42 B.C. and died March 16, A.D. 37) followed Augustus as emperor of Rome.

Timoleon was a Fourth century Corinthian politician and general.

Ancient/Classical History.

Roman Emperor - Trajan
Marcus Ulpius Traianus (born c. A.D. 53, in Spain) was chosen by the Roman Emperor Nerva to be his successor in 97. Trajan ruled from 98-117.

Ancient Turkey, Anatolia, and Çatal Hüyük.
Ancient Turkey, Anatolia, and atal Hyk.

Marcus Terentius Varro
The Latin writer Marcus Terentius Varro was called the

Vespasian - Flavian Dynasty - Roman Emperor- Flavian - Emperor Titus Flavius Vespasianus
The Roman Emperor Flavian was the first Flavian emperor and the founder of the Flavian Dynasty.

Euripides' Bacchae
Resources on Euripides' tragedy

"Seven Against Thebes"

Sallust and Cicero are our principle sources on the Catilinarian conspiracy.
Resources on the Catilinarian conspiracy -- an uprising against Rome near the end of the Republican period, led by Catiline -- which followed the civil unrest of the years under Marius and Sulla.

Catullus wrote elegant lyric poetry and scurrilous invective. Among his targets was Julius Caesar. Catullus was in love with a woman he called Lesbia who is believed to have been Clodia, the sister of Clodius Pulcher.

Cicero - Rhetoric
Cicero used philosophy to determine the best course and then used rhetoric to persuade others.

Ennius, Quintus - Roman Poet
Quintus Ennius (239-169 B.C.), the founder of Roman literature, was an epic poet, dramatist, and satirist. His epic Annales, the story of Rome from Aeneas until Ennius' day, was the national epic until Vergil's Aeneid replaced it.

Gallic Wars - Caesar's Gallic Wars
As proconsul, Caesar fought battles against the tribes in Gaul (modern France) and wrote commentaries about them in his De bello Gallico.

Hesiod - Resources on Hesiod the Greek Poet
Resources on Hesiod, the author of

Cicero Biographies - The Life of Cicer
Biographies of Cicero. Ancient/Classical History.

Uses of the indicative, subjunctive, and imperative moods -- including links on the infinitive, which some authorities claim to be a fourth mood.

Salamis - The Persian War Battle of Salamis waged by the Greeks agains the Persians at Salamis
Information on the Persian War Battle at Salamis and a review of Barry Strauss' book by the name of

Severans - Roman Severan Emperors
Ancient/Classical History.

Trajan Decius - Roman Emperor Trajan Decius
Ancient/Classical History.

Valens - Roman Emperor Valens
Ancient/Classical History.

Valentinian III
Ancient/Classical History.

Valerian - Roman Emperor Valerian
Ancient/Classical History.

Oedipus Tyrannos by Sophocles
Resources on Sophocles' tragedy

Dido - About the Aeneid's Character Queen Dido
Information on Queen Dido of Carthage.

Demeter - Greek Goddess of Grain - Demeter was called Ceres by the Romans - DEMETER
Information on the grain goddess Demeter. Demeter is the Greek goddess of grain and Ceres is the name by which the Romans knew her.

Myth - Dionysus (Bacchus)
In Greco-Roman mythology, Dionysus (Bromius, Bacchus), son of Semele was born from Zeus' thigh and became the god of wine.

The Gracchi
Tiberius Gracchus' proposals to help the poor throughout Italia led to hostility with the patricians, mob violence, and murder.

Horace - Roman Poet - Quintus Horatius Flaccus or Horace - Poet of Odes, Epistulae, and Satire
Resources on the Roman poet Horace. Horace wrote Odes, Epodes, letters (epistulae), the Ars Poetica, and satires (sermones).

Quick tips on Latin Interjections.
Quick tips on Latin interjections.

Latin Poetry: Ovid
Prolific Augustan poet, author of the Metamorphoses, Art of Love, the Amores, Remedia Amoris, Ex Pontia, Tristia, and Fasti.

Lucan - Silver Age Roman Poet LUCAN
Lucan. The poetry of the Silver Age Roman poet Lucan. Lucan wrote Bellum Civile or Pharsalia.

Lycurgus - Legendary Lawgiver of Sparta
Lycurgus, a man shrouded in legend, is held to be Sparta's lawgiver. Herodotus says the Spartans thought his laws came from Crete. Xenophon thought Lycurgus made them up, while Plato thought the Delphic Oracle provided them.

Mithridates - King of Pontus - friend and enemy of Rome
Mithridates, the King of Pontus who caused such trouble for the Romans during the period of the end of the Republic.

Women in the Ancient Near East, their roles, jobs, and status.
Women in the Bible, Anatolia, and Mesopotamia, some of whom worked as midwives, temple workers, minstrels, and, during the Hittite and Persian periods, rulers.

Titus Petronius - Satirist and Arbiter of Elegance to Nero
Titus Petronius Arbiter of Elegance to Nero committed suicide when accused of complicity in the Pisonian conspiracy, but not before he wrote his magnum opus, Satyricon, a work of Menippean satire.

Pindar wrote odes for the vistors of panhellenic games and was himself one of the most celebrated poets in ancient Greece.

Sextus Propertius - Roman Elegist
Sextus Propertius (c.50 - c.16 B.C.) was a Roman elegiac poet in Maecenas' circle.

Greek iambic poet (fl. c. 650 B.C.) whose description of women as the offspring of animals is a monument to misogyny.
Greek iambic poet (fl. c. 650 B.C.) whose description of women as the offspring of animals is a monument to misogyny.

Valentine's Day
Valentine's Day. Information on the ancient holidays and saints related to the modern Valentine's Day holiday.

Works of Cicero
Marcus Tullius Cicero orator, his works, his literature

Roman Festival Days
Read about many of the festival days or fasti of ancient Rome.

Amaterasu sun goddess of Japan
Amaterasu was the Japanese sun goddess who was born from the left eye of the primeval being Izanagi.

Anat (Sumerian) Goddess Anat
Daughter of El and Baal's sister, an archer, virgin, and nursemaid to the gracious gods, she was called the Lady of Heaven and Mistress of all gods.

Myth - An (Sumerian)
An and Ninhursag were probably the progenitors of the other gods in the Sumerian pantheon. His wife may have been Nammu.

Myth - Asclepius - Asculapius - God of Healing
Asclepius, also known as Asculapius, was the son of Apollo who was taught medicine by the centaur Chiron and who was killed for bringing mortals back from death.

Athena is the parthenogenic daughter of Zeus, patron deity of Athens, who was goddess of war and wisdom.

Myth - Athirat (Canaanite)
Athirat is the Canaanite consort of El who protects their seventy children. She is goddess of the sea, particularly along the shore, of the fertility of humanity, flocks, and crops, and of great wisdom.

Athtart - Phoenician goddess
Athtart, Baal's consort, was a benevolent goddess of sexuality, passion, creativity, and fertility, and the chief goddess of Tyre, Sidon and Byblos.

Baal - Canaanite Sun God Baal
Son of El (god of thunder and lightning), Baal was the sun god of the Canaanites and Phoenicians, whose worship spread to the ancient Jews. In the Bible, Baal is also known as Beelzebub.

Myth - Balder (Norse)
One of the Aesir, Balder's name means

Bastet - Egyptian Goddess Bast
Resources on Bastet, the Egyptian goddess usually depicted with non-domestic cat or lion ears. A protective goddess and a daughter of Ra.

Myth: Brahma
Brahma is the creator and senior member of the triad of great Hindu gods.

Celts: Language
Today, you can still find Celtic languages spoken in Europe. Here you will find some basic information on this ancient tongue.

Chac is a benevolent Maya rain god.
Benevolent Maya rain god. Conceived of as divided into North, South, East, and West and associated with the wind god, Kukulcan.

Quick Tips on Latin Conjunctions
Quick tips on Latin conjunctions.

Divination allows people to communicate with their gods. Divination can be used to foretell the future, interpret events, and ascertain the gods' will.

Pericles was an Athenian leader known for the rebuilding projects of the Golden Age of Athens.
Pericles was the leading statesman of Athens when the city rebuilt itself from the ashes of the Persian Wars and when the Athenian led Delian League went to war against Sparta and her allies.

Quick tips on Latin Prepositions
Quick tips on Latin prepositions.

Roman Religion
Resources on religion and morality of the Ancient Romans.

Resources on Aphrodite, the Greek goddess of love and beauty whose counterpart in Roman mythology is Venus.

Apollo - Greek God Apollo
Resources on the god Apollo who was called Apollo by both the Greeks and the Romans.

Ares - Greek God Ares
The unpopular Greek war god Ares was associated with the revered Roman martial, fertility god Mars.

Artemis is called Diana in Roman mythology. Apollo and Artemis were twins and the offspring of Zeus and Leto.

Atlas led the Titans against Zeus in the Titanomachy. Atlas the Titan was punished by having to hold the heavens apart from the Earth.

Information on the Druids, the priests or ministers of the ancient Celts in Gaul, Britain, and Germany. Our information on the ancient Druids comes largely from Roman writers.

Ancient K Men
Ancient Men whose names begin with K.

Odoacer - Fall of Rome
Odoacer was the barbarian responsible for the Fall of Rome -- at least the Western Empire.

Pelopidas was a 4th century Theban general and statesman.

Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus Pompey the Great general First Triumvirate.
Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus (106-48 B.C.), Pompey the Great, general who defeated Mithridates and the pirates, was one of the three in the First Triumvirate, along with Julius Caesar.

Sargon the Great Sargon of Akkad SARGON
Sargon was a semitic king and founder of a dynasty of Akkad.

Sargon II
Information on Sargon II, king of Assyria.

Sennacherib King of Assyria
Information on the Assyrian king Sennacherib, son of Sargon, who marched against Jerusalem and other Judaean cities, and possibly into Egypt and Ethiopia.

Resources on the co-regent of Akhenaten and brother of Tutankhamen, Smenkhare Djeserkheprure.
Resources on the co-regent of Pharaoh Akhenaten and brother of Tutankhamen, Smenkhare Djeserkheprure

Solon, the law-giver, was an important figure in the history of democracy in Athens.
Solon, an aristocrat and an important figure in the history of democracy, was elected archon eponymous of Athens. A wise man, Solon is supposed to have said

Celtic Legend
Old stories from an oral tradition of the Celts.

Ancient D Men
Ancient men whose names begin with D.

Ancient E Men
Ancient men whose names begin with E.

Ancient F Men
Ancient men whose names begin with F.

Maps - Gupta Empire (India)
Maps of the Gupta Empire in the Indus Valley.

Ancient I Men
Ancient men whose names begin with I.

Indian Sub-Continent - Art/Archaeology
The art and archaeology of the ancient Indus Valley (modern Pakistan and India).

Mauryan Empire (India): Maps and Information
Historic maps of Mauryan Empire (India).

Terms beginning with PE. Ancient/Classical History.

Terms beginning with pf through pi.

Terms beginning with pj through pl.

Terms beginning with pm through terms beginning with pr.

Terms beginning with the letters ps to the end of the words beginning with p.

Sumer and the Sumerians - Cities and kings of Sumer - Early Mesopotamia
Information on Sumer and the Sumerians in early Mesopotamia.

Resources on ancient Syria. Ancient/Classical History.

Textbooks: Grammar and Literature
Latin grammar and literature textbooks.

One of the major Celtic legends is the Cattle Raid of Cooley, also known as Táin Bó Cúailgne in which Queen Medb of Connacht takes a war band to Ulster to capture the brown bull of Cuailgne.
One of the major Celtic legends is the Cattle Raid of Cooley, also known as Tin B Cailgne in which Queen Medb of Connacht takes a war band to Ulster to capture the brown bull of Cuailgne.

How Do You Say ... in Latin
Answers to select

Ancient men whose names begin with A
Short biographies of famous or important ancient men and women whose names begin with A.

Aryan Invasion Controversy
The early populations along the banks of the Sarasvati River included the Dravidians and the Aryans, but whether the Dravidians were indigenous and whether the Aryans overcame them is debated. Also resources on the differences between the Indus and Aryan-Vedic cultures.

Maps of the Empire of Asoka
Maps of the Empire of Asoka, Four old world river cultures, Harappan Sites in Northwest India, India in the reign of Asoka, Range of Indus Valley civilizations.

Latin authors whose names start with L through O.
Latin authors whose names start with L through O.

Ancient B Men
Ancient men whose names begin with B.

Ancient C Men
Ancient men whose names begin with C.

Ancient food, ingredients, dining, diet, and recipes.

Terms beginning with pa. Ancient/Classical History.

Persian Empire
Resources on the Persian Empire. Usually disunited, the Greek city-states fought repeatedly together against the Persians, a monarchy and threat from the East.

The ancient Phoenicians were a semitic people.

Romans Beginning With the Letter I
Romans Beginning With the Letter I

Romans Beginning With the Letter J
Romans Beginning With the Letter J

Seleucids - Seleucid Monarchs
Short biographies of the Seleucid monarchs who ruled the eastern part of Alexander's empire and a look at why they fell.

St. Anthony
St. Anthony, known as the father of monasticism, was an eremite (hermit) living in the desert where he had visions.

S-Z Page for Roman Emperors
Ancient/Classical History.

Vercingetorix - Gallic King - Defender of freedom of Celts against Caesar
Vercingetorix was a king of the temporarily united Gallic tribes fighting to keep Gaul free of Caesar and Roman domination.

A-F Page for Roman Emperors
Ancient/Classical History.

Ambrose - Patron Saint of Learning
Biographies and resources for St. Ambrose, the Bishop of Milan, who opposed the Arian Heresy and was active in the court of Emperors Gratian and Theodosius.

Arabia and the Arabian Peninsula
Resources on ancient Arabia and the Arabian peninsula.

Ancient Assyria
Ancient Assyria. Ancient/Classical History.

Babylonia - Ancient Mesopotamian Empire of Babylonia
Information on the ancient Mesopotamian Empire of Babylonia that lay between modern-day Baghdad and the Persian Gulf.

Cassandra - Trojan Princess Cassandra and Prophet
Cassandra princess of Troy was awarded to Agamemnon at the end of the Trojan War. Cassandra prophesied their murder, but as was true with all her prophecies, Cassandra was not believed.

G-M Page for Roman Emperors
Ancient/Classical History.

Plautus and Terence - Roman Comedy in Latin
Information on the comedy of Plautus and Terence.

Latin Prose
Latin prose mostly with translations into English.

Latin Texts and Translations
Ancient/Classical History.

Latin Textual Tools
Ancient/Classical History.

N-R Page for Roman Emperors
Ancient/Classical History.

Poets G-M
Ancient/Classical History.

Poets N-S
Ancient/Classical History.

Poets T-Z
Poets T-Z. Ancient/Classical History.

Sarpedon - Leader of Lycia - Sarpedon Was an Ally of the Trojans
Sarpedon was a leader of Lycia and an ally of the Trojans in the Trojan War. Sarpedon was a son of Zeus who was killed by Achilles' friend Patroclus.

Jewish History Glossary
Jewish History Glossary. Ancient/Classical History.

AS-AZ. Ancient/Classical History.

Latin authors whose names start with P through S.
Latin authors whose names start with P through S.

Latin Literature and Authors T-Z
Latin authors whose names start with T through Z.

Biographies of the Epigrammatists in the Greek Anthology
Biographies of the Epigrammatists in the Greek Anthology

Euripides - About the Playwright Euripides
The playwright Euripides was the third of the trinity of great Greek tragedians.

Julius Caesar - Terms to Know
Here are some of the important terms to know in connection with Julius Caesar.

Quick Tips on Latin Grammar
A collection of short tips about Latin grammar.

Plautus - Titus Maccius Plautus
Plautus was a Roman playwright and writer of comedies. Shakespeare based some of his comedies on the plays of Plautus.

Poets A-F
Ancient/Classical History.

Sophocles - Sophokles - Greek tragedian Sophocles -Greek playwright SOPHOKLES
Sophocles was the long-lived second of the three great Athenian tragedians. Sophocles wrote the famous Oedipus trilogy.

Terence - Latin Playwright Terence
Terence wrote Latin comedies. His plays were more refined than Plautus' for which reason they were less popular with the people, but they were still influential.

Latin - Voice of verbs in Latin
Voice of verbs in Latin. Ancient/Classical History.

wine and viticulture in antiquity

Qumran is the site of the Dead Sea Scrolls that were found in the middle of the 20th century.

Roman Empire Timeline
Learn the sequences of events in the period of ancient Rome known as the Empire.

A-AF. Ancient/Classical History.

Aeschylus and Greek Tragedy
Aeschylus was the first of the renowned prize-winning writers of Greek tragedy.

AG-AM. Ancient/Classical History.

AN-AR. Ancient/Classical History.

Antonine Wall - Scotland Roman Britain - Antonine Wall
The Antonine Wall. Built by the Romans the Antonine Wall is in modern Scotland.

Aristophanes - Life of Aristophanes
Aristophanes. The comic playwright Aristophanes and information about his life and career.

Beer drinking, brewing and fermentation of grains in antiquity.
Beer drinking, brewing and fermentation of grains in antiquity.

Case Usage
How the Latin cases are used. Listed in case order (not alphabetically listed).

Chapter I Book I Greek Anthology
Ancient/Classical History.

Chapter II Book I Greek Anthology
Ancient/Classical History.

Cum, dum, result, donec, ablative absolute, relative, purpose, substantive clauses, and many more.

Ancient Greeks A-Z
Famous ancient Greeks. Ancient Athenians and Spartans, mostly, with some from Lesbos and other Greek islands.

Ancient Judaism - Jewish History
Ancient Jewish history, Judaism, the ancient kingdoms of Judaea and Israel, Jewish revolts, Jerusalem and Samaria, and historical and Old Testament Jewish men and women.

Romans Beginning With the Letter P
Romans Beginning With the Letter P

Romans Beginning With the Letter V
Romans Beginning With the Letter V

Iliad - Summary of the Books of the Iliad
Summaries of the individual books of the Iliad.

Odyssey - Summary of Books of the Odyssey
Summaries of the individual books of the Odyssey.

Ludus - The Roman Game or Ludus
Information on the Roman game known as a ludus.

Adjectives and Adverbs
Positive, comparative, and superlative degree of Latin language adjectives and adverbs.

Aqueducts and Roads
A look at the greatest aqueducts and roads of ancient Rome.

Armenia and Rome
In about 30 B.C. Armenia came into the hands of the Romans and for the next two centuries was part of the power struggle between the Romans and Parthians.

Resources and biographies of women from antiquity whose names begin with A-G.
Resources and biographies of women from antiquity whose names begin with A-G.

Caesar - Sources - Gallic Wars - JULIUS CAESAR
Writing on Caesar by Caesar and ancient sources on Julius Caesar.

Caesar Writings
Julius Caesar wrote accounts of his battles in clear Latin prose. Caesar's Gallic Wars are a standard part of a Latin curriculum.

Roman Colosseum - Amphitheatrum Flavium - The Colosseum
Resources on the Roman Colosseum which was also known as the Flavian Amphitheater -- Amphitheatrum Flavium.

Hadrian's Wall
Hadrian's still-standing wall, which runs from Newcastle to Carlisle, was originally established to save the Romans from the Picts. Emperor Hadrian gave his name to other building projects, too.

Ancient Judaism - The Hellenistic Period
Resources on the various aspect of life for the Jews of the Hellenistic Period, especially Jewish life in Alexandria, Egypt, and the effects of contact with the Greeks on Jewish theology and eschatology.

Marcion, who believed the Old and New Testament Gods were different, is still considered to have been a dangerous heretic although some of his doctrines are now mainstream

Information on Montanus, an early Christian heretic.

Pantheon - Roman Pantheon
The Pantheon is now called S. Maria della Rotonda. The Pantheon was originally built by Agrippa in 27 B.C. Hadrian built another Pantheon to replace the one built by Domitian that had burned in A.D. 110.

Trajan's Column
One of Trajan's building projects was the 100-foot tall marble column in the forum that Trajan also rebuilt.

Ancient Men whose names begin with V
Ancient Men whose names begin with V.

Xenophon Cyropedia - English Translation of Xenophon's Cyropedia
Xenophon Cyropedia - English Translation of Xenophon's Cyropedia

Ancient Men whose names begin with X
Ancient Men whose names begin with X.

Romans Beginning With the Letter T
Romans Beginning With the Letter T

Battles of the Roman Empire - Imperial Battles
Information on significant battles fought during the Roman Empire.

Roman Women of the Empire
Imperial Roman wives, mothers, and daughters.

Jesus (Historical)
Controversy seems to follow Jesus of Nazareth, but after separating out religious dogma and the supernatural, Jesus remains an important teacher of ethics.

Pompeii - Mount Vesuvius and Pompeii
The eruption of Mt. Vesuvius on August 24, 79 A.D. caused Herculaneum and Pompeii to be covered with ash, thereby preserving a sample of daily life for archaeologists to uncover.

Pontius Pilate
Pontius Pilate was governor of the Roman province of Judaea for about eleven years, during which period Jesus of Nazareth was crucifed.

Provinces - Ancient Roman Provinces or Provinciae
The province (provincia, in Latin) was a Roman administrative unit, as well as a geographic entity.

Romans Beginning With the Letter G
Romans Beginning With the Letter G

Romans Beginning With the Letter H
Romans Beginning With the Letter H

Romans Beginning With the Letter Q
Romans Beginning With the Letter Q

Romans Beginning With the Letter R
Romans Beginning With the Letter R

Romans Beginning With the Letter S
Romans Beginning With the Letter S

Ancient Rome. Maps of Ancient Rome, the Roman Empire and the Roman provinces. Roman Maps.
Ancient Rome. Maps of Ancient Rome, the Roman Empire and the Roman provinces.

Ancient Men whose names begin with S
Ancient Men whose names begin with S.

Ancient Men whose names begin with T
Ancient Men whose names begin with T.

Anabasis - Xenophon's Anabasis
The Anabasis is the account made by Xenophon of the retreat of the Greek troops that had tried to help Cyrus against Artaxerxes.

Romans Beginning With the Letters WXYZ
Romans Beginning With the Letters WXYZ

Latin Literature and Authors C-D
Roman authors whose names start with C and D.

Vilified woman of the Bible who married King David after she became pregnant with his son.

Biographies of famous women from ancient / classical history whose names begin with H-M.
The biographies of famous women from ancient / classical history. Biography of famous women H-M.

Resources and biographies of women from anitquity whose names begin with N-R.
Resources and biographies of women from anitquity whose names begin with N-R.

Archaic Attic black-figure vases, their painters, styles, and decoration.
Archaic Attic black-figure vases, their painters, styles, and decoration.

Mary Magdalene
Mary Magdalene resources. Mary Magdalen (or Magdalene) was a follower of Jesus who was possibly mistaken for another Mary, a prostitute, by early Christians.

Mythical Creatures - Beasts and Monsters From Greek Mythology - Monstrous Legendary Figures
Beasts, monsters, and monstrous figures from ancient Greek mythology and legends.

Ancient O Men
Ancient men whose names begin with O.

Born in Egypt to Christian parents in about 185 (died 253/254), he headed the catechetical school in Alexandria from 203 until he fled to Caesarea in Palestine. After his death he was accused of several heresies, including making the Son inferior to the Father.

Pelagius- Heretic - Pelagius and the Pelagian Heresy
In the 380s Pelagius came from Britain or Ireland to Rome where he objected to the teaching of Augustine about original sin. The beliefs of Pelagius were declared heresies by Jerome as well as Augustine.

Ancient men whose names begin with P
Ancient men whose names begin with P.

Red Figure Vases - Colored background - Clay colored figured
Red figure vases represent a technical revolution in vase painting in which the background is colored, the figure left the plain red, and details added by brush.

Romans Beginning With the Letter A
Romans Beginning With the Letter A

Verbals in Latin
Participles, gerunds, gerundives, and supines.

Ancient Men whose names begin with Z
Ancient Men whose names begin with Z.

Aeneid Translation - English Aeneid Translation of the Individual Books of Virgil's Aeneid
Aeneid translation into English of the individual Books of Vergil or Virgil's Aeneid.

About the Romans use of the genre of epic poetry.

Latin for children - Books for children translated into Latin
Latin for children. Books for children translated into Latin.

Latin authors whose names start with A and B.
Latin authors whose names start with A and B.

Resources and biographies of Women from S-Z
Resources and biographies of women from antiquity whose names begin with S-Z.

Archaeology - Ancient Greece Archaeology
Information on specific archaeological finds and the archaeology of ancient Greece.

Greece - Greek Artifacts - Archaeology
Pottery, archaeological sites, vase painting styles and terminology for examining ancient Greek artifacts.

Ancient Greek Maps - Maps of Ancient Greece
Maps of Ancient Greece. Maps showing the resources of ancient Greece, ancient Greek cities, areas covered in Greek history, voyages of legendary figures, and more.

Herm - Phallic Herm Statue of Hermes - HERMS
Information on and pictures of the phallic statues of Hermes known as herms.

Latin - Nouns Pronouns
Nouns and pronouns in Latin. Ancient/Classical History.

Prepositional Phrases
Uses of Latin language prepositions in the various cases that may employ prepositions.

Books for young readers of the classics.

Romans Beginning With the Letter D
Romans Beginning With the Letter D