Ancient/Classical History Sitemap - Page 5 2016-09-26

Romans Beginning With the Letter F
Ancient/Classical History.

Romans Beginning With the Letter N
Romans Beginning With the Letter N

Romans Beginning With the Letter O
Romans Beginning With the Letter O

Tragedy - Greek Drama Tragedy
Originally little more than a chorus at a festival to Dionysus, Greek drama evolved into what Aristotle defined as tragedy and that changed into the familiar Shakespearean five-act form.

Library of Congress Articles o the Indian Subcontinent
The Library of Congress provides basic information on many countries of the modern world. Here you'll find sections from these documents on the ancient world and some of the material on the climate, which seems to have a particularly forceful impact on this vast and varied land mass.

Doryphoros - Spear Bearer - Polykleitos - Myron - Doryphoros
Copies of the doryphoros or spear-bearer statues by Polykleitos and Myron among others.

Luxor - Thebes, Egypt
Now Luxor, Thebes, in Central Egypt, was the ancient capital.

Ancient G Men
Ancient Men whose names begin with G.

Greek Historians - Resources on ancient and modern historians and ancient Greece
Modern historians of ancient history, ancient historians, including the father or history, Herodotus, and Thucydides, and passages from ancient Greek historians.

Ancient Men H
Ancient men whose names begin with H.

Imperial Roman Wars - Roman Imperial Battles
Roman battles and wars during the period of the Roman Empire; that is, from the time of Augustus.

Indus Valley - Language - Literature
Resources on the literature of the ancient Indus Valley civilization (including the Bhagavad Gita) and information on the language of ancient India and Pakistan.

Ancient J Men
Ancient men whose names begin with J.

Ancient L Men
Ancient men whose names begin with L.

Ancient M Men
Ancient men whose names begin with M.

Ancient N Men
Ancient men whose names begin with N.

Roman Republican Battles and Wars
Wars and battles of the Roman Republic up until the time of the Empire.

Patrick, St. - Patrick Patron Saint of Ireland
British-born Patrick became the patron saint of Ireland.

Romans Beginning With the Letter U
Romans Beginning With the Letter U

Aeneid - Outside Resources
Here are some offsite sites for information on Vergil's Aeneid.

Maps of the area surrounding the Aegean Sea.
Maps of the area surrounding the Aegean Sea.

Aeneid Characters - Here Are the Characters In Vergil's Aeneid
Identifications of characters in the Aeneid of Vergil.

Alexander the Great Battles and Campaigns - Battles of ALEXANDER THE GREAT
Resources on the battles and campaigns waged by Alexander the Great.

Wars Involving Julius Caesar
Wars and battles involving Julius Caesar and Caesar's writings on the wars he fought.

Defeats - Major Roman Defeats in Battle
Information on the major battles lost by the Romans: Adrianople, the Battle of the Allia, Cannae, Carrhae, and Teutoberg Wald.

Doric Columns
Doric columns at the Parthenon. Vitruvius on the ratio of diameter to height in Doric columns, and other standard features of Doric columns.

Religion - Indus Valley
Religions of the ancient Indus Valley

Indus Valley - Epics - Veda - Mahabharata - Bhagavad Gita - Upanishads
Veda means knowledge, and the Vedas are said to come from Lord Krishna. The Vedas contain knowledge about mundane necessities as well as spirituality. The texts of the Vedas are called Samhitas and prayers within them are known as Mantras. The Mahabharata, Bhagavad Gita, and Upanisads are all vedic texts.

Ancient Greek and Roman Ionic Columns
Ionic columns were more slender than the Doric and had scrollwork on the Capital.

Jewish Holidays
Ancient/Classical History.

Latin Literature and Authors E-K
Latin authors whose names start with E through K.

Spring Holidays
Ancient/Classical History.

Amarna - Tel-el-Amarna - Amarna Pharaohs - Akhenaten
The heretic king Akhenaten built his capital at Amarna, but shortly after his death the next pharaoh moved the capital back to Thebes.

Teutoberg Wald - Teutoberg Forest Disaster
At the Battle of Teutoberg Wald or Teutoberg Forest, when Augustus was emperor, the Romans under Varus, were slaughtered by the Germans.

Winter Holidays - Solstice, Saturnalia, and Winter Festivals
Winter holidays in ancient times included solstice festivals like Saturnalia and the Jewish festival of lights known as Hanukah.

Zeus - Greek God Zeus - Roman Jupiter
Zeus was the king of the ancient Greek gods. Resources on Zeus, known as Jupiter in Rome, and stories about the Greek god Zeus.

Ancient Greek Clothing
Ancient Greek Clothing. Ancient/Classical History.

Latin Adverbs
Latin Adverbs. Ancient/Classical History.

Andromache - Wife of Hector and Neoptolemus - Mother of Astyanax
Andromache was Hector's wide, the mother of Astyanax, Amphialus, Molossus, Pielus, and Pergamus, and the concubine of Neoptolemus.

Christian Holidays
Ancient/Classical History.

Eusebius
Eusebius of Nicodamia and Eusebius of Caesarea were both involved in the Arian controversy and the Nicean Creed.

Hector - Trojan Prince and Hero Hector
Hector was a prince of Troy and the leading hero of the Trojans in the Trojan War.

House of Atreus - Curse of the House of Atreus
House of Atreus. The curse of the House of Atreus extended through the generations to the leader of the Achaeans in the Trojan War, Agamemnon.

Indus valley - Ancient India - society - Caste System - Daily Life
Social stratification and daily life among the ancient inhabitants of the Indus Valley, including the caste system.

Quick Tips on Latin Pronouns
Quick tips on Latin pronouns. Ancient/Classical History.

Satire
Satire is considered a uniquely Roman genre of literature and one of the Roman's contributions to poetry. Roman satire was a verse form usually. There was also a mixed prose and verse form called Menippean Satire.

St. Augustine, the Bishop of Hippo
St. Augustine, Bishop of Hippo (354-430 AD) bridged the gap between pagan Rome and the Christian Middle Ages

Thor - Norse thunder god
Thor is a god of thunder, son of Odin and a member of the Aesir. He smashed giants' heads with his mighty hammer. Site compares Thor with the Greek thunder god Zeus and with the most popular Athenian goddess, Athena.

Hindu God Vishnu
Regarded as a major god and the protector, in the Vedas Vishnu was regarded as a lesser god associated with Indra. Vishnu was raised in importance through successive incarnations.

Yam - Canaan
Yam was an ancient Canaanite sea and river god who lives in an undersea palace; a dragon, serpent, and Leviathan (Lotan) may have been in his following.

Yarikh
Yarikh was an ancient Canaanite moon god who pays a steep bride-price to marry fruit goddess Nikkal-and-Ib.

Yum Kimil Maya Deity Yum Kimil is also Ah Puch
Yum Kimil was a Maya personification of disaster and darkness. He is also called Ah Puch, Hunahau or Hunhau and rules the ninth and lowest of the underworlds.

Ancient Rome Clothing
Information on the clothing worn by ancient Romans.

Latin Verbs - Verbs in Latin
Application of Latin tenses and the uses of Latin verbs.

Hecuba or Hecabe Queen of Troy
Hecuba or Hecabe was the wife of Priam, King of Troy. Hecuba was the mother of Paris, Hector, Cassandara, and many others. She was given to Odysseus after the war.

Indian Subcontinent Timelines - Asia Timelines for the Indus Valley
Timelines of events and rulers in the Indus valley, the area of Asia covered by modern India and Pakistan. Timelines for the Indus Valley include silk road and Jainism histories.

Myth: Kagutsuchi
Kagutsuchi is the Japanese god of fire, son of Izanagi and Izanami.

Myth - Kartikeya Hindu God
Kartikeya a virile war god was associated with Alexander the Great.

Myth - Kinich Ahau
Maya sun god and patron of Itzamal. Also known as Ah Xoc Kin, and associated with poetry and music.

Myth - Krishna
Krishna, a monster-slaying incarnation of Vishnu, is represented with blue skin.

Myth - Kukulcan
Maya wind god also known as feathered serpent god. Associated with the rain god.

Latin - Medieval / Post-Classical
Resources on medieval or post-classical Latin literature and authors.

Poseidon - Greek God Poseidon - Roman God Neptune POSEIDON
Poseidon who split the world with his brothers Hades and Zeus, received as his share the sea where he wielded his trident. Poseidon was known to the Romans as Neptune.

Romans Beginning With the Letter E
Romans Beginning With the Letter E

Tefnut Egyptian deity represented as a woman with a solar disk on her head
Tefnut Egyptian Shu solar disk. Ancient/Classical History.

The fifth age in the Aztec calendar has its corresponding sun god, Tonatiuh.
The fifth age in the Aztec calendar has its corresponding sun god, Tonatiuh.

Toyo-Uke-Bime
Toyo-Uke-Bime is a Japanese goddess of earth, agriculture, and food.

Tyr was a brave, martial, Norse sky god whose hand was destroyed by the Fenris wolf.
Tyr was a brave, martial, Norse sky god whose hand was destroyed by the Fenris wolf.

Utu or Shamash - Son of Nanna and Ningal, the Mesopotamian god of sun and justice who decrees the fate of the dead.
Son of Nanna and Ningal, Utu or Shamash was the Mesopotamian god of sun and justice who decrees the fate of the dead.

Uzume - Ama-no-uzume Japanese Shinto goddess
Uzume or Ama-no-uzume is the Japanese Shinto goddess of joy and happiness, and good health. Uzume brought Japanese sun goddess Amaterasu back from her cave.

Anaxagoras
Anaxagoras is credited with bringing philosophy, the study of knowledge, to Athens when he moved there in 480 B.C.

Anaximander
Anaximander may have written the first philosophical treatise in Greece and was a student or companion of Thales. Fragments and passages about him by other ancient writers. Pupil of Thales who believed the underlying principle or arche was the infinite apeiron.

Anaximenes
Anaximenes was a pupil of Anaximander who believed the underlying principle or arche was air and distinguished planets from stars.

Archimedes - Archimedes of Syracuse - Greek Mathematician Archimedes
Resources on Archimedes. Archimedes was a Greek mathematician from Syracuse.

Aristotle
Philosophical and scientific texts by Aristotle, quick explanations of the Lyceum and Academy, Greek law resources, and the contributions Aristotle made to the terminology used for tragedy.

Boethius - Late Roman philosopher Boethius
Boethius is remembered as a philsopher and mathematician. Boethius was a late Roman who served and was executed under Theoderic.

Resources on Siddhartha Gautama, the prince who grew up to be a great teacher and the founder of Buddhism.
Resources on Siddhartha Gautama, the prince who grew up to be a great teacher and the founder of Buddhism.

Cicero
Biographical information, and texts in Latin and English of the Roman orator and philosopher Cicero.

Confucius and the Chinese Religion Confucianism started by Confucius
Confucius and Confucianism. The tradition that informed Chinese religion began with a man named Kong Fuzi, but called Confucius by Jesuit missionaries.

Democritus of Abdera - The Laughing Philosopher
Persian magi instructed Democritus of Abdera in astronomy and theology. He visited Egypt, Ethiopia, Persia, and India, and may have studied under Anaxagoras in Athens. He was a disciple of Leucippus whose atomic theory he expanded. To earn a living, he pretended to be able to predict the future. He was known as the laughing philosopher.

Diogenes the Cynic was an ascetic fourth century Greek philosopher.
Diogenes the Cynic was a fourth century ascetic Greek philosopher who lived abstemiously, probably begging and stealing for his livelihood, and thought there was no such thing as an honest man.

Empedocles
Empedocles was a pluralist philosopher who saw change as the result of two forces, love and strife.

Myth - Odin - Norse god ODIN (also known as Woden)
Odin and his brothers killed the giant Ymir and created the earth, heavens, and ocean from its body. Odin is also known as Woden.

Pan
From Greek mythology, Pan, the son of Hermes and a nymph, was the inventor of bucolic poetry.

Myth: Parvati (Devi)
Parvati, the consort of the destroyer god shiva, rides a lion or the corpse of a demon.

Plutus
Plutus - Greek god of wealth often confounded with Hades.

Romans Beginning With the Letter M
Romans Beginning With the Letter M

Aristophanes - Greek plays by Aristophanes
Greek plays by Aristophanes - Comedies. The comedies of the Aristophanes include eleven that survive: Acharnians, Knights, Clouds, Wasps, Peace, Birds, Lysistrata, Thesmophoriazusae, Ecclesiazusae, Frogs, and Plutus. Aristophanes wrote what is known as old comedy.

Clement of Alexandria
The life and writing of theologian and Christian apologist Clement of Alexandria whose importance lies in that he influenced Origen, died c. 215.

Hanno of Carthage - Phoenician Explorer Hanno of Carthage
A Phoenician, Hanno of Carthage sailed through the straits of Gibraltar and then part of the way around Africa in the first half of the sixth century B.C.

Heraclitus - Presocratic philosopher
Heraclitus was the presocratic philosopher who thought of the logos as an orderly process of change, the doctrine of flux, and Heraclitus' recurrent fallacy of dropped qualifications.

Quetzalcoatl was the Aztec creator god and god of the wind who was depicted as a bearded old man.
Quetzalcoatl was the Aztec creator god and god of the wind who was depicted as a bearded old man.

Myth - Rama
Rama is prince (and later king) of Ayodhya, and the hero of the epic, Ramayana.

Re - Egyptian God Re also known as Ra
Re is the the first of the Egyptian gods. Re or Ra became the sun god.

Maps, locations, and what archaeologists find in ancient Roman towns, particularly in Britain.Maps, locations, and what archaeologists find in ancient Roman towns, particularly in Britain.
Maps, locations, and what archaeologists find in ancient Roman towns, particularly in Britain.

Sarasvati - river goddess
Sarasvati is the goddess of river waters, fertility, and wealth, and patroness of speech, writing, and learning.

Seti (Set) Egyptian - chaos god
Resources on Set the murderer of his brother, who is also the Egyptian god of chaos, evil, war, storms, deserts, and foreign lands.

Shamash was the Sumerian sun god who because he saw all was also god of justice.
Shamash was the Sumerian sun god who because he saw all was also god of justice.

Myth: Shapsu
Shapsu is the Canaanite sun goddess, known as the torch of the gods. She is sometimes El's messenger.

Shiva - Siva
The third of the Hindu trinity, Shiva (or Siva) is the Destroyer god. He is accompanied by demons and represented as a phallus. Parvati (Devi) is his consort.

Shu - Egyptian
The Egyptian god Shu embodied the sky.

Si-wang-mu
Si-wang-mu, who lived eternally in the Jade Mountains, was a Chinese mother goddess or Mother Queen of the West.

Surya
Surya is the benevolent Hindu sun god.

Myth: Susanoh
Resources on Susanoh who was the Japanese Shinto god of the winds, storms, oceans, and snakes.

Heroines - Greek Drama Heroines
Heroines of Greek drama and women immortalized in ancient Greek tragedy.

Italic People - Neighbors and Ancestors of the Romans
The Italic peninsula was home to more than just the Romans. Among others were the Sabines, the Etruscans, and the Aequi.

Medea - Greek Tragey Medea, by Euripides
This Medea page is about the Greek tragedy of Medea written by Euripides.

Nammu was a Sumerian sea goddess and creator of heaven and earth.
Nammu was a Sumerian sea goddess and creator of heaven and earth.

Nanna is another name for the Sumerian moon god Sin.
Nanna was another name for the Sumerian moon god Sin. Born to Ninlil when Enlil raped her. He decides the fate of the dead.

Myth - Nanna (Norse)
Nanna was the Norse goddess who died of grief when her husband, Balder, died.

Myth - Nephthys
Nephthys is the Lady of Heaven was the daughter of Seb and Nut, sister of Osiris, Isis, and Set, wife of Set, mother of Anubis, either by Osiris or Set.

Parmenides' Metaphysics
Parmenides, the presocratic father of metaphysics, exaimined the underlying changeless principle of being.

Peloponnesian War - Athens - Delian League vs. Sparta
Resources on the Peloponnesian War in which Athens eventually lost to Sparta, but not before Pericles boarded up the citizens of Attica in the city of Athens, the Sicilian Expedition, and the defection of Alcibiades following his implication in the mutilation of the herms.

Persian Wars - Battles Between the Greek Poleis and the Persians
Resources on the Persian Wars between the Greek city-states and the Persians.

Plato
Basic information on the founder of the Academy and student of Socrates, Plato's philosophy and life.

Plotinus - Founder of Neoplatonism Plotinus
Plotinus was a third century Hellenistic Egyptian philosopher who developed the last major Greek philosophy of Neoplatonism.

Proclus Diadochus was a neoplatonist and the head of Plato's Academy who wrote a commentary on Euclid's geometry.
Proclus Diadochus was a neoplatonist and the head of Plato's Academy who wrote a commentary on Euclid's geometry.

Pyrrho was the founder of the school of Skeptical Philosophy.
Pyrrho of Elis (c. 360- c. 270 B.C.) traveled to India with Alexander and returned to Greece where he established a new school of Skeptical philosophy based on the idea that nothing is truly knowable.

Pythagoras - Presocratic Philosopher and Greek Mathematician Pythagoras
Resources on Pythagoras the presocratic philosopher and Greek mathematician.

Ancient Rome - Famous Figures
Famous figures in the early years of Ancient Rome.

Socrates
The life of Socrates, his individualized approach to teaching, his ethics, and the controversies that surrounded him in life and death, as seen in the writings of his contemporaries, Plato, Xenophon, and Aristophanes.

Archaeological Sites
Ancient/Classical History.

Women: Art and Archaeology
Artistic representations of women as goddesses, courtesans, and mothers.

Bronze Age
Ancient/Classical History.

Carbon-14 Dating
Ancient/Classical History.

Color - Pigment Colors Dyes Painting techniques used to color
Ancient colors of paints and dyes. Techniques used to color objects. Pigments.

Encaustic - Wax Encaustic Paint
Resources on the ancient painting techniques known as encaustic. Encaustic painting technique uses wax and can be seen on Fayum funeral portraits.

Adornment for the body and objects of beauty made for religious purposes.
Adornment for the body and objects of beauty made for religious purposes.

Mosaics - Tile - Tessellated - MOSAIC
Ancient mosaics and techniques used to create durable tile and tessellated mosaic pictures.

Museums
Galleries and museums with exhibits of ancient artifacts, both real and virtual, and from around the world.

Archaeology and artifacts from Iraq and Mesopotamia
Archaeology and artifacts from Iraq and Mesopotamia.

Neolithic Era
The Neolithic Era refers to the period when people lived in villages but were still using stone tools.

Myth - Ninhurzag
Ninhurzag was also known as Ki and Ninmah. She and An were the progenitors of most of the gods.

Myth - Nut
Nut is the Egyptian sky goddess depicted supporting the sky with her back, her body blue and covered with stars.

Romans Beginning With the Letter C
Romans Beginning With the Letter C

Shipwrecks
Salvage operations and underwater archaeological expeditions reveal the secrets of the deep and provide information on trade, household utensils, ship building and trade routes.

Fine Arts -Terminology
Music, art, theatre Latin terminology.

Aeschylus - Plays by Aeschylus
The Greek plays of Aeschylus. Resources on ancient Greek tragedy by Aeschylus and Aeschylean drama.

Julius Caesar - People in the Life of Gaius Julius Caesar
Major figures in the life and assassination of Gaius Julius Caesar, including Cleopatra, Pompey, Sulla, and Marius.

Information on lyric poetry and Classical poets who wrote erotic poems.
Information on lyric poetry and Classical poets who wrote erotic poems.

Ancient Italic Peninsula - The Ancient Area Covered by Modern Tuscany, Campania, etc.
Information on the areas of the ancient Italic peninsula.

Ixtab was the Maya suicide goddess represented with rope around her neck.
Ixtab was the Maya suicide goddess represented with rope around her neck. The Maya believed suicide could lead to heaven.

Lakshmi Hindu Goddess Lakshmi or Sri
Lakshmi is the Hindu goddess of good fortune and beauty and is the consort of Vishnu.

Liza was the West African creator/sungod.
Liza was the West African creator/sungod.

Loki Norse God Loki
Loki was a mischievous Norse god.

Love Gods and Goddesses, Love Magic, and Erotic Symbolism
Love magic, erotic symbolism, and articles on ancient eroticism.

Classical Love Stories
Ancient stories about love. Ancient/Classical History.

Lugh - Celtic solar deity and king of the Tuatha De Danaan.
Lugh was a Celtic solar deity and king of the Tuatha De Danaan.

Mithras and Mithraism
Mithraism. Resources on Mithras and the Roman soldiers' favorite mystery religion Mithraism. Mithraism is a bull-slaying cult. There are parallels between Mithras and Jesus.

Myth - Rel. Mot
Mot is the Canaanite beloved one, god of sterility, death, and the underworld who was cut up and sown by Anat.

Ix Chel - Maya Moon Goddess
A Maya moon goddess depicted as a malevolent old woman who had a sky serpent for an assistant. She was the patroness of childbirth and weavers, but also caused floods.

Punic War II - The 2nd Punic War
The Second Punic War or the Hannibalic War was fought between Carthage under Hannibal, and Rome.

Romans Beginning With the Letter B
Romans Beginning With the Letter B

Greeks in the Trojan War - Achaeans - Greek Leaders - Greek Women - Danaans
Greeks in the Trojan War. The Achaeans are those who fought on the Greek side in the Trojan War.

Expressions Using Classical Latin: Latin to Live By
Latin to live by. Common Latin expressions and phrases found in twenty-first century society using classical and post-classical Latin. Also includes English cliches that come from Latin or that are based on Latin.

Helios - Greek Mythology Helios Greek Sun God HELIOS
Helios, often confused with Apollo, was the son of titans and father of Phaethon. Helios was the sun god in Greek mythology.

Hephaestus - Hephaistos - Vulcan - Greek God Hephaestus - Roman God Vulcan
Hephaestus is the lame, craftsman god and husband of Aphrodite.

Myth - Hod (Norse)
Hod is a son of Odin. He is the blind god of winter who kills his brother Balder, and is killed by his brother Vali, but will return after Ragnarok.

Myth: Hoori
Resources on the god Hoori who is the divine ancestor of the Japanese emperor.

Myth - Hotei (Japanese Shinto)
A Japanese Shinto god of happiness, laughter, and contentment.

Huitzilopochtli - Aztec god
Huitzilopochtli was the Aztec god of the obsidian knife who sprang forth from his mother's belly to kill his siblings.

Inti was a sun god of the Inca
Inti was a sun god of the Inca. Ancient/Classical History.

The Sumerian goddess of love and war, Inanna or Ishtar, was Nanna's daughter and associated with the Underworld.
The Sumerian goddess of love and war, Inanna or Ishtar, was Nanna's daughter and associated with the Underworld.

Resources on Isis, the great Egyptian goddess, wife of Osiris, and mother of Horus.
Resources on Isis, the great Egyptian goddess, wife of Osiris, and mother of Horus.

Izanaki
In Japanese Shinto mythology Izanagi is the primordial sky.

Myth: Izanami
In Japanese Shinto mythology, Izanami is a primordial goddess and personification of the Earth and darkness.

Jupiter - Jove - Roman Gods King - Jupiter the Roman Equivalent of Zeus
Jupiter -- also known as Jove in English -- was the head of the Roman gods. Jupiter is the Roman equivalent of the Greek god Zeus. Jupiter was a sky god who wielded bolts of thunder.

Ancient Greece Maps - Cities Leagues Islands - Parts of Greece
Maps of sections of Greece. Maps of the Greek islands and Crete. Maps showing political alliances and leagues.

Tertullian
Tertullian was an interesting theologian and writer who has been respected by history despite his flirtation with a dangerous heresy.

Aemilius Paullus - L. Aemilius Paullus Macedonicus
L. Aemilius Paullus Macedonicus was a 2nd century B.C. Roman general.

Alaric
Alaric was the king of the Visigoths who sacked Rome in August A.D. 410.

Information on specific Ancient Near Eastern people and women in general.
Information on specific Ancient Near Eastern people and women in general.

Ashurbanipal - King Ashurbanipal of Assyria
Sites providing background and biographies of the Assyrian king, Ashurbanipal.

Athanasius
Athanasius, Bishop of Alexandria, spent many years in exile over his position on the Arian controversy.

Attila the Hun - Attila - The Scourge of Europe
Resources on Attila the Hun. Attila became king (c. 433-53) and led the Huns on a devastating course through Europe for which reason Attila and the Huns are known as the Scourge of Europe.

Offsite Resources on Latin Poetry
General information about classical poets, scansion, genres of Latin poetry, and prayers from elsewhere on the Internet.

Sallust and Cicero are our principle sources on the Catilinarian conspiracy.
Resources on the Catilinarian conspiracy -- an uprising against Rome near the end of the Republican period, led by Catiline -- which followed the civil unrest of the years under Marius and Sulla.

Chrysostom
Bishop of Antioch and of Constantinople, John of the golden mouth is one of the four great Eastern doctors of the ancient Church.

Darius
Darius (558? - 486 BC) was an Achaemenid King and empire builder who divided the Persian Empire into 20 satrapies.

Myth - Hanuman (Hindu)
Hanuman is the Hindu monkey god. Hanuman is mischievous, a skilled musician, and a patron of learning.

Hestia - Greek Goddess Hestia
Hestia was the goddess of the hearth and the center of religious life, even if she did sit quietly on Olympus, never leaving home.

Myth - Hoderi (Japanese)
Resources on Hoderi, the son of Ninigi and Ko-no-Hana and the brother of Hoori, is the divine ancestor of the immigrants coming from the south over the sea to Japan.

Mary Antony - Information About Mark Antony
Mark Antony, one of Julius Caesar's followers, was part of the triumvirate that took power after Caesar's assassination. Like Caesar, he had an affair with Cleopatra.

Mythology and Religion of the Ancient Near East and Ancient Middle East.
Mythology and Religion of the ancient Near East and Middle East. Gods and goddesses of the ancient Near East and Middle East and the development of religion.

Prostitution - Ancient Near Eastern Prostitution
Prostitution and temple prostitution in the Ancient Near East.

Science, Math, and Technology of the Ancient Near East
Resources on ancient Near Eastern technology, science, math, including the the Babylonian base 60 system, and the calendar.

Climate and Geography of the Ancient Near East and Ancient Middle East
Data from the Library of Congress on the climate and geography of the modern countries that made up the Ancient Near East.

Ganesha (Hindu)
Ganesha is the son of Siva and Parvati. Ganesha is the god of knowledge, thresholds, wisdom, literature, and fire. His head was chopped off and replaced with the head of an elephant.

Garuda is the Hindu bird god associated with the rays of the sun.
Garuda is the Hindu bird god associated with the rays of the sun.

Geb
Geb was an Egyptian god who laid the egg from which the sun was hatched.

Guari
Guari, wife of the god Shiva, represents purity and austerity.

Underworld God Hades - Greek God Hades
The Greek God Hades. Resources on Hades god of the Underworld.

Hera - Greek Goddess Hera - Roman Goddess Juno
When Zeus -- among the Romans, Jupiter -- got up to his tricks, Hera -- among the Romans, Juno -- got her revenge at the expense of the mortal women.

Hermes - the Greek God Hermes - Mercury - the Roman God Mercury - HERMES
Hermes. The Greek god Hermes and the Roman god Mercury.

Horus - Egyptian God Horus
Horus. Resources on the Egyptian god Horus.

Law: Near Eastern/Egyptian
Legal documents and decisions from Egypt and the Ancient Near East.

Priam - King Priam of Troy
Priam was the king of Troy during the ten years of the Trojan War.

Romans Beginning With the Letter K
Romans Beginning With the Letter K

Romans Beginning With the Letter L
Romans Beginning With the Letter L

King Telephus
King in Mysia when the Achaeans came to the wrong place to wage war to win back Helen, Telephus was wounded by Achilles

Turkey, Anatolia, and the Hittites.
Ancient/Classical History.

Archilochus of Paros
Archilochus of Paros was credited by the ancient Greeks with inventing the iambic genre and possibly the elegiac, as well. He is also thought to have been the first to write a beast fable. There are many firsts in connection with Archilochus.

Latin Adjectives
Quick tips on Latin adjectives. Ancient/Classical History.

CE
Terms beginning with CE. Ancient/Classical History.

CH-CL
Terms beginning with ch through terms beginning with cl.

CO-CR
Terms beginning with co through cr.

Catiline Conspiracy
Catiline and his co-conspirators tried to overthrow the Roman Republic. Cicero was consul at the time. Cicero and Sallust are the two Roman writers who described the conspiracy.

CU-CY
Terms beginning with cu through cy.

Myth - El
El is the heavy drinking father and creator of the Canaanite gods, goddesses, and mankind. El is also known as the bull.

Myth - Enki
In Sumerian mythology, Enki is lord of the abzu (the watery abyss and also semen) and of wisdom. He is the keeper of the divine law (the me). He created man from clay.

Myth - Enlil
In the mythology of the Sumerians, Enlil is the air god and head of the pantheon from about 2500 B.C. Enlil is the father of the gods and king of heaven and earth.

Myth - Ereskigal
In Sumerian mythology, the goddess Ereskigal was queen of the Underworld.

Forseti, Norse god of justice, was the son of Balder and Nanna.
Resources on Forseti, Norse god of justice, and the son of Balder and Nanna.

Myth - Freya - Norse Goddesse Freya
Vanir goddess of sex, fertility, war, and wealth; taken as hostage by the Aesir.

Myth - Freyr
In Norse mythology, Vanir was a fertility god, the son of Njord and Skadi. His wife was the giantess Gerd.

Frigg - Norse Goddess Frigg
Frigg was a Norse goddess of love and fertility. In some accounts she was Odin's wife, making her foremost among the Aesir goddesses. She was the mother of Balder. Friday is named for Frigg.

Hannibal of Carthage - Leader of the Phoenicians in the second Punic War
Resources on Hannibal of Carthage, the military leader of the Phoenicians against Rome in the Second Punic War.

Legendary Heroes and Heroines - Hercules, Achilles, Theseus, Atalanta, and more
Ancient legendary heroes, some of whom may have been deified, especially those from Ancient Greece, like Achilles, Odysseus, Hercules, Perseus, and Theseus, but not including bona fide historical heroes.

Quick Tips on Latin Nouns
Quick tips on Latin nouns. Ancient/Classical History.

Eighteenth Dynasty of Ancient Egypt
Tut and Hat! Ancient/Classical History.

Augustus - Profile - Octavian - Octavius - Roman Emperor Augustus Caesar
Augustus Caesar. The life of the first emperor of Rome, Augustus, also commonly known as Octavian, the adopted son of Julius Caesar.

B Page for the Ancient / Classical History Glossary
Glossary entries for the letter B for Ancient/Classical History.

C Page for the Ancient / Classical History Glossary
Glossary entries for the letter C for Ancient/Classical History.

D Page for the Ancient / Classical History Glossary
Glossary entries for the letter D for Ancient/Classical History.

Latin Literature
Poetry and prose, from classical, and medieval authors of Latin literature. and information on classical literature.

Latin Writers A-Z
Ancient/Classical History.

Roman Poets - Ancient Latin Literature
Resources on ancient literature, especially Roman poets and playwrights and their writing.

Plutarch's Lives Biographies of Men G-M
Plutarch's Lives. Ancient/Classical History.

Plutarch's Lives Biographies of Men N-R
Plutarch's Lives. Ancient/Classical History.

Plutarch's Lives Biographies of Men G-M
Plutarch's Lives. Ancient/Classical History.

Roman Empire - Ancient Rome and Its Empire
Information on the Roman Empire. While the Roman Empire was expanding during the period of the Roman Republic, this time period refers to the time from the death of Caesar to the Fall of Rome and rise of the Byzantine Empire.

V Page for the Ancient / Classical History Glossary
Glossary entries for the letter V in ancient/classical history.

WXYZ Page for the Ancient / Classical History Glossary
Glossary entries for the letters X-Z in ancient/classical history.

April 2011 Articles
April 2011 Articles. Ancient/Classical History.

Iambic and Elgiac Poetry - The Genres of Elegiac and Iambic Poetry
Both Greeks and Romans wrote in the Iambic and Elegiac genres of poetry, but the Greeks invented them.

Basilica
Basilica is a public building or important church.

Dive into the world of ancient Nubia!
Dive into the world of ancient Nubia!

Wheelock's Latin - Answers to Wheelock's Latin Grammar
The University of Houston website no longer provides answers by chapter to Wheelock's Latin Grammar. Here is a link to possible answers on Benissimus' page.

C-CA
Terms beginning with c to ca. Ancient/Classical History.

Daily Life
Latin in the twenty-first century

E Page for the Ancient / Classical History Glossary
Glossary entries for the letter E for Ancient/Classical History.

Classical Latin to Vulgar Latin to the Romance Languages
Information on the process by which Classical Latin became Vulgar Latin and then the Romance languages.

F Page for the Ancient / Classical History Glossary
Glossary entries for the letter for Ancient/Classical History.

Bibliography on Ancient Greece - Booklists on Ancient Greek History, Literature & Folklore
Bibliography on literature, history, and folklore of Ancient Greece.

G Page for the Ancient / Classical History Glossary
Glossary entries for the letter G for Ancient/Classical History.

H Page for the Ancient / Classical History Glossary
Glossary entries for the letter H for Ancient/Classical History.

Latin Collections & Handbooks
Handbooks and collections of Latin writing

Latin FAQs
Latin FAQs contains questions and answers to people's questions about Latin or about how to say things in Latin. Questions include a wide range, from how to say

Latin Grammar
To learn Latin, you should know the five declensions, the four conjugations, the moods, voices, and the idiosyncrasies of the Latin language. Here are some resources on grammar to get you started.

Latin Writings and Readings
Latin language resources for Latin students and non-Latinists

Aliens. Atlantis, Alternative Theory
Resources on speculative or controversial views of antiquity, including aliens, Atlantis (first mentioned in Plato's Timaeus and Critias, and alternative theories including the Afrocentrism controversy.

January 2012 Articles
January 2012 Articles. Ancient/Classical History.

Nubia
Nubia. Ancient/Classical History.

Abstracts - Book Reviews
Ancient History Journals abstracts or tables of contents and reviews of books in the area of Classics and Ancient History.

Academic Journals
Publications of classical organizations and associations.

Computers in the Latin Classroom
Computer software to improve and facilitate teaching and learning in the Latin classroom.

Latin Distance Learning Latin Study Groups Latin Correspondence Courses
Distance learning. Latin (and some Greek) correspondence course. Latin study groups.

Education/Professinal Resources, classroom activities, history classes' online pages.
Resources for professionals and educators, databases, bibliographies, academic, scholarly and not so scholarly journals, classroom activities and history classes' online pages.

The Latin alphabet. Letters of the alphabet that the Romans used.
The Latin alphabet. Letters of the alphabet that the Romans used.

Computer Programs in Latin
Software programs and Internet sites for learning and enjoying Latin in the classroom.

Latrine Pictures - The Roman Privy - Latrine - Toilet. Pictures of the Latrines and Privies
Pictures of Roman latrines. The Roman privy or toilet.

Latin - Latin Music and Latin Christmas Carols
Latin Christmas carols and Latin music. Cantus, Latin Christmas carols, chants, lyrics, musical terminology.

Plutarch's Lives Biographies of Men A-F
Plutarch's Lives. Ancient/Classical History.

Pronunciation of Latin - How to pronounce Latin vowels - How to pronounce Latin consonants
Information on the most probable pronunication of Latin, the problems of pronunciation for English speakers and alternative pronunciations.

Classics Publishers
Publishers of classics-related books.

In the process of copying the codices, scrolls, and papyri on which ancient writers wrote, scribes added mistakes, which supplemented by various losses, make the job of interpreting the best reading o
In the process of copying the codices, scrolls, and papyri on which ancient writers wrote, scribes added mistakes, which supplemented by various losses, make the job of interpreting the best reading of many ancient passages a challenge.

Vocabulary Helpers
Improve your Latin vocabulary skills here.

A Entries - Articles fromthe 1911 Encyclopedia beginning with the letter A
Entries from the 1911 Encyclopedia beginning with the letter A.

Algeria and the Vandals
Algeria and the Vandals. Ancient/Classical History.

Databases - General Classical Bibliographies
Searchable databases, indexes, indices, and general bibliographies for ancient history or Greek, Roman and classical research.

Herodotus Greek Historian Herodotus Father of History
Herodotus the Greek historian and writer of the Histories who was known as the father of history or the father of lies.

Myth: Japan and Southeast Asia
Japanese and Korean mythology; stories and legends from Ancient Japan and Southeast Asia.

Libya
Resources on Lepcis Magna, famous Roman site in ancient Libya, Tripoli and maps of Ancient Libya.

Phoenicians - Carthage
The Phoenicians. The Phoenicians were traders who settled in Carthage in North Africa. There the Phoenicians established an empire, came into conflict with the budding imperial power of Rome and fought three Punic Wars.

Professional Associations
Professional organizations in ancient history and classics

Roman Recipes
Ancient/Classical History.

Spices
Information on the spices that the Romans might have or authoritatively did use.

Fall of Rome - Tables and Charts
Visual representations of the succession of emperors via timelines, tables and charts relating to the End of the Roman Republic and the Fall of Rome.

Vergil Scholarship
Vergil through the eyes of contemporary scholars.

February 2012 Articles
February 2012 Articles. Ancient/Classical History.

March 2012 Articles
March 2012 Articles. Ancient/Classical History.

April 2014 Articles
A listing of new articles on this site, added in April 2014.

March 2011 Articles
March 2011 Articles. Ancient/Classical History.

Agave - Greek Mythology AGAVE the mother ot Pentheus
Resources on Agave, the famous mother of Pentheus known to us from Greek mythology and Greek tragedy.

Books on Ancient Egypt - Historical and Historical Fiction
Ancient/Classical History.

Books on Ancient Greece - Literature, Greek Mythology, Ancient Greek History and Historical Fiction
Ancient/Classical History.

Ancient Greece - Timelines of Greek Events - Chronological Lists of Ancient Greece
Chronological summaries of historical Greek events, including art, cartography and language, and the history of the conflict between Sparta and Athens.

Prostitution Greek and Roman Prostitution
Prostitution in the Greek and Roman world. Ancient Roman terms connected with prostitution. Legal documents about ancient prostitutes and prostitution.

Historic maps of the ancient Mediterranean Sea and surrounding areas of Asia Minor, Northern Africa (Egypt), and Europe (primarily, Greece and Rome).
Historic maps of the ancient Mediterranean Sea and surrounding areas of Asia Minor, Northern Africa (Egypt), and Europe (primarily, Greece and Rome).

N-R
Ancient/Classical History.

Oppian Law - Appealed successfully by Roman matrons
In 195 B.C., women in Rome demonstrated and successfully repealed this 20-year-old law that limited women's use of expensive goods.

Latin - Parts of Speech
In Latin, words are categorized as being in one of the following parts of speech: nouns, adjectives, adverbs, pronouns, verbs, conjunctions, prepositions, and interjections.

Pronunciation of Latin and the Syllable Structure of Latin
Tips on how to pronounce Latin and how to figure out which syllable is stressed.

Roman History and Roman Historical Fiction Books
Ancient/Classical History.

S-Z
Ancient/Classical History.

Myth - Celtic Ulster Cycle
Celtic legends known as the Ulster Cycle.

April 2012 Articles
A listing of new articles on this site, added in April 2012.

Roman Architecture Articles Offsite
Articles about Roman architecture from offsite.

Book Reviews on the Topic of Ancient Sexuality
Book reviews on the topic of ancient eroticism and sexuality.

The Birth of Alexander the Great
Ancient/Classical History.

Alexander the Great Movies
Ancient/Classical History.

ANTIGONE - Sophocles Tragedy Antigone - daughter of Oedipus Antigone
Antigone tragedy by Sophocles. Antigone is the daughter and sister of King Oedipus of Thebes.

Babylonian months and time keeping.
Babylonian months and time keeping.

Epic of Gilgamesh - Gilgamesh
Epic of Gilgamesh. Story about Gilgamesh, an historical king of Uruk in Babylonia. The story of Gilgamesh was written down on cuneiform tablets.

K Page for the Ancient / Classical History Glossary
Glossary entries for the letter K for Ancient/Classical History.

Legendary Heroes - Women in Their Lives
The women in the lives of the Greek and Roman legendary heroes, be they mothers, sisters, wives, lovers, or enemies.

L Page for the Ancient / Classical History Glossary
Glossary entries for the letter L for Ancient/Classical History.

Pandora - Information on Pandora and her box
Pandora. Information on the curious woman Pandora who opened a box full of evils. Pandora's Box.

Timelines : Rome Events
Roman and Mediterranean events showing the history of Rome from its founding to the fall of Rome and the rise of the Byzantine Empire.

Timelines: Rome People
Timelines of people in Ancient Rome.

June 2012 Articles
A listing of new articles on this site, added in June 2012.

May 2012 Articles
A listing of new articles on this site, added in May 2012.

Roman Architecture Gallery
Roman Architecture Gallery. Ancient/Classical History.

Roman Architecture Glossary
Roman Architecture Glossary. Ancient/Classical History.

Byzantine Empire
Resources on the final stage of the Roman Empire, covering the period of Late Antiquity.

Actium - Battle of Actium
The Battle of Actium. The Battle of Actium was a Roman battle between Octavian (Augustus) on one side and Mark Antony and Cleopatra, on the other.

Tombs and Mausoleums in Rome
Tombs and memorial monuments, like mausoleums for the emperors.

Myth: Creation - Asia
Links to creation stories and myths about creators from ancient Asia.

European Creation Myths
Links to creation stories and myths about creators from ancient Europe.

Creation Myths
Stories of how the world and mankind came to be, from chaos, a primordial soup, an egg, or whatever; that is, Creation myths.

The Egyptian Army - The military in Egypt and the Near East.
The Egyptian Army. The military in Egypt and the Near East.

Egypt - Queens - Rulers
Queens of Egypt who ruled in fact, whether or not they were entitled pharaoh.

Egypt: Science, Math, and Technology
Basin irrigation, pyramid calculations, and other technological advances of the ancient Egyptians.

Egypt - Sites for Archaeologists and Ancient Cities
Information on important places for archaeologists and historians of Ancient Egypt.

Greek Wars and Battles
Greek wars, campaigns, and battles, concentrating on the Persian and Peloponnesian Wars.

Julio-Claudian Emperors, Augustus, Tiberius, Caligula, Claudius, and Nero.
The successors of Julius Caesar, the first five emperors of Rome, Augustus, Tiberius, Caligula, Claudius, and Nero.

Roman Architectural Building Projects - Major Ancient Roman Structures
Major landmarks of ancient Roman architecture.

Massilia and Caesar 49 B.C.
Resources on Massilia, now Marseilles, a city in Gaul which sided with Pompey the Great against Julius Caesar, and paid the consequences.

MEDEA - Medea of Colchis - Medea the witch of Colchis
Resources on Medea, the witch of Colchis.

M Page for the Ancient / Classical History Glossary
Glossary entries for the letter M for Ancient/Classical History.

Roman Wars, Battles, and Campaigns
Famous ancient Roman battles and wars.

S Page for the Ancient / Classical History Glossary
Glossary entries for the letter S in ancient/classical history.

Alexander the Great - Terms to Know
Here are some of the important terms to know in connection with Alexander the Great.

Aztec calendar - Maya calendar - Calendar Round
Aztec calendar. The Calendar Round and Long Count calendar of the Maya and Aztec, and calendar converters.

Myth: Creation - America
Links to creation stories and myths about creators from the Americas.

Offsite Articles on Ephesus
Since Ephesus was an important city for pagans and Christians, the following resources provide information on both.

Golden Fleece - Jason and the Argonauts - Quest for the GOLDEN FLEECE
The story of the Golden Fleece, which Jason and the Argonauts, with the help of Medea, took from Colchis.

Rome - Roman Emperors Nerva Trajan Hadrian Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Pius
Between Domitian and Commodus, the five

Ancient Greek, especially Athenian, politics, orators, speeches and constitutions.
Ancient Greek, especially Athenian, politics, orators, speeches and constitutions.

Rome - Roman Emperors - Bad Evil Incompetent Tiberius Caligula Nero Domitian Elagabalus Commodus
Roman emperors who were judged in their time or by posterity as morally bankrupt, evil, or incompetent, especially Tiberius, Caligula, Nero, Domitian, Elagabalus and Commodus.

Offsite Links
Recommended resources beyond the About.com network for introductory information on topics in Ancient / Classical History.

Delphic Oracle - Ancient Sources on the Delphic Oracle
What the ancient sources have to say about the Pythian oracle and other matters of divination, oracle, and prophecy and the Delphic Oracle.

Famous People in Ancient Greece and Rome
Here you will also find basics on the famous men and women from Greek and Roman history, Greek heroes, and classical mythology's gods and goddesses.

Religion in Ancient Rome
Religious festivals, beliefs, and customs integrated into the pattern of Roman daily life.

Specialized Areas in Classics
Specialized areas within classics, including epigraphy and paleography.

Theater Terms Defined
Definitions of special terms used in ancient Greek tragedy, and Greek and Roman comedy.

The Te Tao Ching by Lao-Tse
Chinese philosopher and one of the possible founders of Taoism, Lao-Tse may have been a contemporary of another famous Chinese philosopher, Kung Fu Tse (Confucius). They lived during China's longest dynasty, the Zhou/Chou Dynasty.

Triumph - Roman Triumph
Information on the Roman triumph itself and the conditions the successful Roman general had to fulfill in order for the Romans to grant him a triumph.

Trojan War Articles
Articles on the Trojan War and the Epic Cycle Including the Iliad and Odyssey.

Biblical History Articles - Biblical History Articles by Cynthia Astle
Biblical history articles by About.com Contributing Writer Cynthia Astle.

Alexander the Great Books
Ancient/Classical History.

Archaeology
Ancient/Classical History.

Ancient Art
Ancient/Classical History.

China: Ch' in Maps
The areas of dominance were spread out. Between sections were the Chu, Chao, Wei, Yen, and Chi. Also shows the Great Wall.

Games - Ludi Romani - Gladiators
Information on Roman gladiators and Roman games and entertainment.

China: Han
Historic maps of the Han Empire of China.

Plebeian - Roman Plebs, Plebes, or Plebeians
About the majority of Romans who were known as plebeians or plebs.

Roman Sports - Rome - Sports - Gladiators - Circus - Amphitheater
Roman sports, races, gladiators, wild beast fights, and the places these events were held.

Roman Men S-Z
Roman men S-Z. Ancient/Classical History.

Ancient Roman Slaves and Ancient Roman Slavery in Ancient Roman History
Ancient Roman slavery and slaves. Resources on ancient Roman slavery, manumission, treatment of slaves, and ways of increasing the slave population.

China: Shang Maps
Historic maps of Shang (China). Ancient/Classical History.

Syria - Geography, Maps and Information
Maps of Syria. Ancient/Classical History.

China - Yellow River Maps
Maps of one of the important ancient river valleys, the Yellow River in China.

August 2012 Articles
A listing of new articles on this site, added in August 2012.

September 2012 Articles
A listing of new articles on this site, added in September 2012.

October 2012 Articles
A listing of new articles on this site, added in October 2012.

People in the Life of Alexander the Great
Ancient/Classical History.

Pictures of Alexander the Great
Pictures of Alexander the Great.

Alexander - Sources. Ancient writing on ALEXANDER THE GREAT
Alexander the Great sources. Ancient writing on and by Alexander the Great.

Timelines- Alexander the Great - Alexander the Great Timeline
Alexander the Great timeline showing events in the life of Alexander the Great.

Alexander the Great - Youth - Biography of the young Alexander the Great
The young Alexander the Great. Biography of the young Alexander of Macedon, son of Philip, who conquered the world around him (into India on one end and Egypt on another) and whose reign marked the beginning of the Hellenistic Period.

Augustus - Eyewitness Accounts and Autobiographical Res Gestae
Writings on and by Augustus on his term as 'princeps' or emperor of Rome, including his own writing, the 'res gestae'.

G-M
Ancient/Classical History.

Josephus - Jewish Historian Flavius Josephus
Flavius Josephus was a Jewish historian. Josephus lived from c. 37 - c. 100.

Roman Men A-G
Roman Men A-G. Ancient/Classical History.

Roman Men H-M
Roman men H-N. Ancient/Classical History.

Roman Men N-R
Roman men N-R. Ancient/Classical History.

Timelines - Rome Emperors
Timelines of the Emperors from Augustus to the Fall of Rome.

Thucydides - Historian Peloponnesian War
Thucydides (c. 460-455 - c. 399 B.C.), who wrote the history of the Peloponnesian War, came from a wealthy conservative family, was a friend of Pericles of Athens, an opponent of the radical democracy that sent him into exile.

T Page for the Ancient / Classical History Glossary
Glossary entries for the letter T in ancient/classical history.

Velleius Paterculus - Roman historian - VELLEIUS PATERCULUS
Resources on the first century Roman historian Velleius Paterculus.

Zosimus - Roman Historian
Resources on the Greek historian of Rome, Zosimus, whose work is thought to have been written at the beginning of the sixth century.

November 2012 Articles
A listing of new articles on this site, added in November 2012.

Augustus Pictures - Photographs - Statues - Pictures of the Emperor Augustus
Pictures of Augustus. Photographs of statues of Augustus and coins of Augustus.

Augustus - Politics - Accomplishments of Emperor Augustus Caesar - AUGUSTUS
Accomplishments of Augustus in office. The political views of Augustus and the politics of Rome at the time of the first Roman emperor.

Historians of Rome - Livy
Titus Livius (Livy) was born c. 59 B.C. and died in A.D. 17 at Patavium, in northern Italy. In about 29 B.C., while living in Rome, he started his magnum opus, Ab Urbe Condita, a history of Rome from its foundation, written in 142 books.

Historians of Rome - Tacitus
P. Cornelius Tacitus (A.D. 56 - c. 120) may have been the greatest Roman historian. He held the positions of senator, consul, and provincial governor of Asia. He wrote

Numa Pompilius
Numa was the second king of Rome.

Plutarch and Plutarch's Lives
Resources on Plutarch of Chaironeia, his biographies of famous Greeks, and Romans, and bibliography.

Polybius Greek Historian
Polybius was an influential second century B.C. historian from Greece. Polybius wrote about various governments and provided data on the Punic Wars from a non-Roman perspective.

Romulus - Eponymous First King of Ancient Rome Romulus
Romulus was the eponymous first king of ancient Rome after his twin brother Remus died. Romulus and Remus were the famous infants suckled by a wolf and raised by a shepherd.

Sallust - Roman Historian and writer of monographs.
C. Sallustius Crispus or Sallust (c. 86-55 B.C.) best known for his monographs about the Jugurthine War and the Catilinarian Conspiracy.

Tarquin - The Etruscan Tarquin Kings of Rome - Tarquinius Priscus and Tarquinius Superbus
The Tarquins were two of the Etruscan kings of Rome. The first Tarquin is Tarquinius Priscus and the second is Tarquinius Superbus or Tarquin the Proud.

Paintings and other artistic representations of Vergil (or Virgil) and his Aeneid.
Paintings and other artistic representations of Vergil (or Virgil) and his Aeneid.

Fall of Rome Emperors - Articles on the Fall of Rome Emperors
Articles on the emperors involved in the Fall of Rome.

Gibbon on the Fall of Rome - Articles About Gibbon on the Fall of Rome
Articles on Gibbon on the Fall of Rome

Praxis Grammatica
Praxis Grammatica. Ancient/Classical History.

December 2012 Articles
December 2012 Articles. Ancient/Classical History.

January 2013 Articles
January 2013 Articles. Ancient/Classical History.

The Aeneid of Vergil or Virgil
Vergil is also known as Virgil. Whichever spelling you use, Vergil was counted the greatest Latin poet of the ancient Romans. Virgil's magnum opus, The Aeneid, was saved from flames (despite Vergil's dying request) and has served as a model of literature ever since.

Albert Noyer
On his writing and artwork website appears this description of Albert Noyer's work:

Etruscans
One of the groups of people in Italy with whom Rome came into contact. Some of Rome's early kings were Etruscans. Little is known of their language, but their customs, especially divination, influenced the Romans.

Greek Maps - Maps Showing the Entire Ancient Greece
Ancient Greek Maps. Maps showing all of Greece. Maps of the mainland of Greece, the Greek islands, Peloponnesus and Ionian cities.

Jordanes - Gothic Historian of Rome
Jordanes, himself a Goth, abridged a lost history of the Goths by Cassiodorus.

Margaret Doody
Although historical detective stories are now a flourishing genre, with Steven Saylor and Lindsey Davis being particularly prominent in the field of detective stories set in classical antiquity, back in 1978, when Aristotle Detective was first published, Margaret Doody was something of a pioneer in the genre. Even Ellis Peters had only written the first of the Brother Cadfael series.

Calendar Dating
How to calculate dates on the Roman calendar with Roman numerals, using the Kalends, the Nones and the Ides as markers.

Peter Green
Peter Green is a Classics professor, a writer of serious classical and ancient historical material, and a novelist.

Sparta - Bibliography
Lists of works on Ancient Sparta.

Lacedaemonia - Social Classes - Spartiates Helots Perioikoi.
Lacedaemonia included Helots and the perioikoi, but was dominated by a small class of Spartiates.

Sparta - Rulers - Government
The law-based government of Sparta had kings and ephors as well as an assembly and wise old men.

S-Z Page for Ancient Men
Ancient/Classical History.

Biography: Women
Famous women from ancient history, including Aspasia, Agnodice, Mary Magdalene and Hypatia.

Personal Grooming and Style
Personal Grooming and Style. Ancient/Classical History.

The Muses in Greek Mythology
About the Muses in Greek mythology.

Nymphs in Greek Mythology
Nymphs in Greek Mythology. Ancient/Classical History.

O Page for the Ancient / Classical History Glossary
Glossary page for the letter O in Ancient/Classical History.

A-F Page for Ancient Men
Ancient/Classical History.

Armenia - The First Christian Nation was Armenia Under Tiridates III (A.D. 238-314)
Resources on Armenia, which played a pawn in the power struggles of Romans and Parthians or Persians. Armenia is considered the first nation to have officially embraced Christianity.

Balochistan (Baluchistan) is the largest of four provinces in Pakistan and has been excavated recently revealing settlement in the third millenniu B.C.
Balochistan (Baluchistan) is the largest of four provinces in Pakistan and has been excavated recently revealing settlement in the third millennium B.C.

Celts: History
Ancient Celts, history and culture, including writing.

Edith Hamilton
Edith Hamilton wrote The Greek Way, The Roman Way, Mythology, The Prophets of Israel, The Great Age of Greek Literature, Spokesmen for God, Echo of Greece, Witness to the Truth: Christ and His Interpreters, and a translation of three Greek plays.

G-M Page for Ancient Men
Ancient/Classical History.

India and Indus Valley Civilization
Ancient civilizations which formed along the Sarasvati River, in the Indus Valley, the Dravidians, and the controversial Aryan Invasion.

N-R Page for Ancient Men
Ancient/Classical History.

N Page for the Ancient / Classical History Glossary
Glossary page for the letter N in Ancient/Classical History.

P Page for the Ancient / Classical History Glossary
Ancient/Classical History glossary terms beginning with the etter P

Q Page for the Ancient / Classical History Glossary
Glossary page for the letter Q in Ancient/Classical History.

Rosemary Rowe Murder Mysteries - Historical Fiction
Reviews of the historical fiction mystery series, by Rosemary Rowe. The sleuth, Libertus, is a Celt who was taken as a slave and is now a freeman (hence, the name) and mosaic layer.

R Page for the Ancient / Classical History Glossary
Glossary page for the letter R in Ancient/Classical History.

Roman Historian H.H. Scullard
Ancient/Classical History.

February 2013 Articles
February 2013 Articles. Ancient/Classical History.

Anatolia - Asia Minor - Turkey
Archaeological evidence about the European section of modern Turkey (Anatolia) comes from as far back as 9000 B.C.

Greece - Greek Exhibits - Museums
Virtual and real museums and exhibits displaying artifacts from Ancient Greece.

Japan, which didn't appear in history until 57 A.D., was the product of early immigrants from the Korean peninsula, Chinese conquerors, and the islands' geography.
Japan, which didn't appear in history until 57 A.D., was the product of early immigrants from the Korean peninsula, Chinese conquerors, and the islands' geography.

Eastern Mediterranean - Fertile Crescent, Persia, Asia Minor, Mesopotamia, Babylonia, Assyria, Israel, Ancient Near East
Resources on the Ancient Near East (ANE), the cradle of civilization and the area surrounding the Mediterranean powers of Greece and Rome, including Persia, Asia Minor, Mesopotamia, and Israel.

Poets - Latin and Greek Poets
The poets who wrote in Latin and Greek.

Steven Pressfield - Military History Writer - Steven Pressfield
Steven Pressfield writes about the military history of ancient Greece in fictional format.

April 2013 Articles
April 2013 Articles. Ancient/Classical History.

August 2013 Articles
August 2013 Articles. Ancient/Classical History.

December 2013 Articles
December 2013 Articles. Ancient/Classical History.

July 2013 Articles
July 2013 Articles. Ancient/Classical History.

June 2013 Articles
June 2013 Articles. Ancient/Classical History.

March 2013 Articles
March 2013 Articles. Ancient/Classical History.

May 2013 Articles
May 2013 Articles. Ancient/Classical History.

November 2013 Articles
November 2013 Articles. Ancient/Classical History.

October 2013 Articles
October 2013 Articles. Ancient/Classical History.

September 2013 Articles
September 2013 Articles. Ancient/Classical History.

A-F
Ancient/Classical History.

African Explorers
Ancient men who explored the coast of Africa.

Algeria and the Vandals
Ancient/Classical History.

Resources on Lucius Apuleius, his Metamorphoses, Apology, in Latin and English, and philosophical writing on Plato, Socrates, and Aristotle.
Resources on Lucius Apuleius, his Metamorphoses, Apology, in Latin and English, and philosophical writing on Plato, Socrates, and Aristotle.

Julius Caesar - Events and Chronologies for the Late Republic - CAESAR
Events in the life of Julius Caesar, including the wars in Gaul, Caesar's relationship with Cleopatra, and the changes in the way the Republic ran during the lifetime of Julius Caesar.

Cleopatra in Art - Cleopatra in Books - CLEOPATRA IN THE ARTS
Cleopatra as depicted in literature, sculpture, and more recently, in movies. Also reviews of books featuring Cleopatra of Egypt.

Cleopatra Pictures. Photographs of Cleopatra. Pictures of Busts of CLEOPATRA
Cleopatra pictures. Photographs of Cleopatra in the movies, and pictures of Cleopatra statues and busts.

Crucifixion - Death on a Wooden Cross
Crucifixion - Death on a Wooden Cross. Resources on the ancient punishment crucifixion.

Robert Graves' I, Claudius
Classical scholar Robert Graves' I, Claudius was made into a very successful BBS series which aired in the U.S. on PBS in the 70's. The narrator is the Emperor Claudius, played by Derek Jacobi.

Libya - Maps
Maps and geography of Libya, the African country where Tripoli was the center of the Phoenician confederation of Tyre, Sidon, and Arados.

Lindsey Davis - Historical Fiction Mysteries Lindsey Davis
Resources on the Falco historical fiction mystery series, written by Lindsey Davis. Lindsey Davis sets her mysteries in the Roman Empire under the reign of Vespasian.

The major playwrights of Ancient Greece and Rome.
The major playwrights of Ancient Greece and Rome.

Robert Harris
Robert Harris is a British journalist who writes about the modern and ancient world in historical fiction.

Slaves and Slavery - Ancient Slaves - Ancient Slavery
Ancient slaves and slavery. A person could become a slave in various ways. He could be born into slavery, exposed as an infant, sold into slavery or taken as a war prize.

Steven Saylor - Roman Historical Fiction Mystery Writer Steven Saylor
Historical fiction/mystery writer Steven Saylor brings back to life Rome in the first century B.C. through his stories featuring Gordianus the Finder.

Sudan: Geography, Maps and Information
Maps of the Sudan. Ancient/Classical History.

Rosemary Sutcliff - Historical Fiction - Young Adult - Roman Britain
An early homeschooler Rosemary Sutcliff (1920-1992), reared on Celtic legends and Beowulf, became a well-known and respected historical fiction author whose topics included Odysseus and Rroman Britain.

Abbreviations
Latin abbreviations. Ancient/Classical History.

Julius Caesar -The Ides of March Assassination plot and other controversies about Julius Caesar
The life, controversy, and assassination of Julius Caesar. Assassination of Julius Caesar on the Ides of March and controversy over Caesar's role in the fall of the Roman Republic.

Julius Caesar - Events in the life of Gaius Julius Caesar
Links to events and people important in the life of Gaius Julius Caesar.

Caesar Study Guide - Biography, Timeline, and Study Questions for Julius Caesar
Biography, timeline, study questions and a quiz for Julius Caesar.

Maps and geography of the Phoenician empire of Carthage based in northern Africa.
Maps and geography of the Phoenician empire of Carthage based in northern Africa.

David Wishart
David Wishart is a Scottish classicsit who writes historical fiction about Julio-Claudian Rome featuring an aristocratic sleuth, Marcus Corvinus.

Greece - Greek Art
Pictures, descriptions, and explanations of artifacts from Ancient Greece.

Greece - Greek Artifacts - Archaeology
Pottery, archaeological sites, vase painting styles and terminology for examining ancient Greek artifacts.

Greece - Greek Artists - Sculptors
Greek artists, like Polycleitos (Polykleitos or Polyclitus) and Praxiteles helped set the standards for artistic beauty.

Greece - Greek Pottery Amphoras Vases
Greek red figure, black figure and mixed styles of painting, types of pottery and specifically types of amphoras (amphorae).