Ancient/Classical History Sitemap - Page 6 2016-09-26

Hawthorne - Nathaniel Hawthorne - American Writer
Nathaniel Hawthorne undertook the project of re-writing some of the most famous of the ancient Greek myths in a volume for children called The Tanglewood Tales.

Maps of the Celts and Ireland (Hibernia).
Maps of the Celts and Ireland (Hibernia).

Italia - Maps of Ancient Italy - Maps - ITALY - ITALIA
Maps of Italia, Roma, and the area covered by modern Italy.

Julius Caesar Books
Ancient/Classical History.

Mommsen - Theodor Mommsen - 19th Century Roman Historian
Theodor Mommsen was a 19th century German scholar who wrote authoritatively on Roman History to Julius Caesar and Augustus, Roman law, and Roman inscriptions.

William Shakespeare's tragedy of Julius Caesar, background, the play, the historical characters.
William Shakespeare's tragedy of Julius Caesar, background, the play, the historical characters.

Ancient Death Specifics
Deaths of individuals and death by specific means, in the ancient world.

AP Latin Exam and Latin Exam Preparation
Resources for students studying for or teachers coaching students for the AP Latin exam.

Bangladesh
Ancient/Classical History.

Bhutan
Ancient/Classical History.

Edward Gibbon and The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire
The English historian Edward Gibbon ( May 8, 1737, to Jan. 16, 1794), a friend of Voltaire and Diderot, is best known for his

Israel
Ancient/Classical History.

Japan - Maps, Geography and Information
Maps and geography of ancient Japan.

Julius Caesar Articles
Ancient/Classical History.

Kyrgyzstan
Ancient/Classical History.

Nepal
Ancient/Classical History.

Oman
Ancient/Classical History.

Latin Reading Skills
Help for those attempting to improve their Latin reading ability.

Scansion Rules, Guides and Techniques
Rules and guidelines for scanning Latin poetry.

Tajikistan
Ancient/Classical History.

Turkmenistan
Ancient/Classical History.

Uzbekistan
Ancient/Classical History.

Clothing
Information on the clothing worn in the ancient world.

March 2014 Articles
A listing of new articles on this site, added in March 2014.

The Abacus and Other Counting Systems - Abacus and Counting
Abacus and counting resources. Includes explanations of how the abacus works and the history and operation of the abacus and other counting systems.

Baths and Bathing - Baths and Hygiene - Cleaning - Latrines - Baths as Social Occasions
Although to us bathing is a private affair, it was not always so to the ancients who made bathing part of their active social lives. Here you'll find resources on this ancient social, hygienic custom.

Egypt: Homeschoolers Activities
Activities and games for homeschooling families studying Ancient Egypt.

Climate Information and Maps of the Areas of Europe to the North and West of Greece and Italy
Ancient/Classical History.

Food and Drink
Ancient/Classical History.

Daily Life in Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome
Ancient/Classical History.

Maps of Spain (Hispania).
Maps of Spain (the Roman province of Hispania).

Holidays and Festivals - Lupercalia, winter solstice celebrations, the Saturnalia, and other Roman and pagan holidays and festivals.
Lupercalia, winter solstice celebrations, the Saturnalia, and other Roman and pagan holidays and festivals.

Ancient calendars from the Indus Valley.
Ancient calendars from the Indus Valley.

Love - Ancient Love and Eroticism - Classical Lyric Poetry
Love is an essential part of life, whether ancient or modern. Many concepts about love are the same as ours today, but some, like the efficacy of magic potions, may seem a little archaic. Here you'll find information on ancient love and eroticism, as well as classical erotic poetry.

What's in a Name? Etymology of Names - Roots - Baby - NAME ETYMOLOGIES
Learn the etymologies or roots of names. Etymology of names. Find a name for your baby.

Ancient Natural Disasters
Information on ancient natural disasters, earthquakes, volcanoes, tsunamis, and other storms.

Calendars of Ancient Rome - Julian Calendar - ROMAN CALENDAR
Calendars of ancient Rome. Roman and Julian calendars.

Ancient Games and Sport
Ancient Games and Sport. Ancient/Classical History.

Individual women, leaders, philosophers, and poets, gender roles, their social life, and the female warriors known as Amazons.
Sites on ancient women, social life, poets, amazons, leaders, warriors, and gender roles.

January 2011 Articles
January 2011 Articles. Ancient/Classical History.

Alexander the Great: Journal Articles - Reviews - Bibliographies
Reviews of books on Alexander the Great, journal articles on Alexander the Great, and bibliographies.

Ancient maps of the Ancient Near East - Ancient Maps
Maps of the Ancient Near East. Locations of places in the Middle and Near East, including ancient Mesopotamia and Persia.

Israel maps and maps of other Biblical places
Maps of Jerusalem, Palestine, Israel, Canaan, and other area maps mentioned in the Bible.

Canaan Maps
Maps of the area in which the Israelites settled or the entire region of the Egyptian empire or Lower Retenu or Djahi (southern Lebanon, Israel, Jordan and the Sinai).

Claudius Ptolemy - Greek Astronomer Geographer Mathematician
Claudius Ptolemy was one of the most influential Greek astronomers, geographers and mathematicians of all time, known best for his Almagest and Geography.

Cleopatra - Terms to Know
Here are some of the important terms to know in connection with Cleopatra.

The fascinating, colorful aspects of Egypt.
The fascinating, colorful aspects of Egypt, like the sphinxes, pyramids, and mummies.

Egyptian Tales, Translated by W. M. Flinders Petrie
Ancient Egyptian fairy tales. Ancient/Classical History.

Maps, Myths, Timelines
Maps, tables, charts, and resources on Egyptian gods and goddesses, dynasties, and geography.

Epic - Greek Epic Poetry
Homer's Iliad and Odyssey are the main Greek epics, but the other writers of the Trojan Cycle and Hesiod are also epic poets.

Equites - Roman Cavalry (knights)
The Equites or knights were those Roman soldiers who could afford to maintain a horse (equus]). Equites were the Roman cavalry.

An Alexandrian mathematician and teacher, Euclid is most famous for his geometry with its logical deductions, axioms and postulates.
An Alexandrian mathematician and teacher, Euclid is most famous for his geometry with its logical deductions, axioms and postulates and his text, Elements.

Calendars in Greece, Athenian months, idiosyncrasies, and the Olympic-based time keeping system.
Calendars in Greece, Athenian months, idiosyncrasies, and the Olympic-based time keeping system

Maps - Indus Valley
Maps and Information of the Indus Valley.

Pedites - Roman Infantry - Foot Soldiers of the Legion
Roman citizens between 17 and 46 could serve in the Roman legions as pedites (foot soldiers).

Mongolia
Climate and geographic information on Mongolia.

Agrippina the Elder - AGRIPPINA
Following her mother Julia's exile, Agrippina (Vipsania Agrippina), future mother of the Emperor Caligula, was raised by her grandfather Augustus and Livia.

Artemisia - Queen of Halicarnassus
Artemisia, queen of Herodotus' homeland of Halicarnassus, gained renown for her brave, manly actions in the Battle of Salamis, in which she allied herself with Xerxes and Persia.

Cupid - Roman Love God - Amor - Roman Love God - Eros Greek Love God
The Roman god Cupid is often equated with the Greek god Eros. Cupid is also called Eros by the Romans.

Egeria - Pilgrim and Author of Itinerarium Egeriae
Egeria, perhaps from Galicia in Spain or Marseilles in France, was possibly a member of a religious order. She made a leisurely pilgrimage to the Holy Land and wrote down her observations in a book called Itinerarium Egeriae, Peregrinatio Aetheriae, or the Travels, somewhere between the fourth and seventh centuries.

Theater - Greek Theater
Information on the Greek theater, tragedy, and comedy.

Iraq: Geography, Maps and Information
Maps and geography of the ancient area now known as Iraq, archaeological sites, modern cities, and river courses.

Livia Drusilla - Julia Augusta - Roman Empress - Mother of Tiberius
Livia Drusilla (58 B.C. - A.D. 29), who took the name Julia Augusta following the death of her husband Augustus in A.D. 14, served as empress with her husband and unwanted advisor to her son Tiberius.

Maps - Ancient Afghanistan - Bactria - Kushan Empire
Maps of ancient Afghanistan and Iran focusing on the areas of the Kushan Empire and Bactria.

Nefertiti - Queen of Egypt
Information about Nefertiti, queen of Egypt, renowned for beauty and the pharaohs in her family.

Nitocris - Egyptian Queen
Nitocris was the last queen of the sixth dynasty in Egypt.

Prometheus - Bringer of fire to man - Prometheus the Titan
The Titan Prometheus could see the future and eventually won his freedom from Tartarus where Zeus had sent him as punishment for such sins as giving fire to mankind.

Maps and geographic information on Southeast Asia.
Maps and geographic information on Southeast Asia.

TOMYRIS - Queen Tomyris of the Massagetai
Resources on Queen Tomyris of the Massagetai.

Veturia
When Gnaeus Marcius (Coriolanus) was about to lead the Volsci against Rome, his mother -- risking her own freedom and safety as well as those of his wife (Volumnia) and children -- led a successful delegation to beg him to spare Rome. For this she was known as a model of Roman womanly virtue.

Zenobia of Palmyra
Zenobia of Palmyra. Third century queen of Palmyra (in modern Syria), Zenobia, who claimed Cleopatra as ancestor, defied the Romans, and rode into battle against them, but was eventually defeated and taken prisoner.

Punic War II - The 2nd Punic War
The Second Punic War or the Hannibalic War was fought between Carthage under Hannibal, and Rome.

Aesop - Fables of Aesop
Aesop told little animal stories with morals that are known as fables, specifically, Aesop's Fables.

Assyrian Kings Lists
Assyrian kings lists. Ancient/Classical History.

Calendars - Egypt
The Egyptian calendar, as modified by the Ptolemies and known as the Alexandrian Calendar, was the basis for the Julian Calendar.

Exodus
Exodus is the second book of the Old Testament in which the Hebrews left Egypt under Moses and journeyed to the promised land in Canaan. Exodus is also the word for this journey.

Ancient Greek Poetry - Resources on the poetry of ancient Greece
Ancient Greek poetry, texts and translations. Resources on the poetry of ancient Greece.

Pharaoh Hatshepsut of Egypt - Hatshepsut, a famous Egyptian female pharaoh.
Hatshepsut (also known as Hatchepsut) was a female king of Egypt.

Helena - Saint and Mother of the Emperor Constantine
Helena was the mother of the Emperor Constantine, who, upon her conversion to Christianity, went to the Holy Land where she is credited by some with having discovered the True Cross.

Hippocrates
The father of medicine, Hippocrates is associated with the oath all doctors must take and a method of dealing with disease that is based on a balance of four humors.

Hypatia of Alexandria - Philosopher Hypatia of Alexandria
Hypatia of Alexandria, the real Hypatia, philosopher of Alexandria, and the romantic and anti-Christian legends that have surrounded Aspasia's martyrdom.

Maps - Iran - Persia
Maps of the ancient area now known as Iran (Persia).

Ancient Israel & Judaea | The Ancient Hebrews | Judaism
Resources on the people and culture of ancient Israel and Judaea.

Julia Domna - Augusta
Syrian born Julia Domna, second wife of Septimius Severus, mother of Caracalla and Geta, and sister of Julia Maesa, was a powerful figure in the Roman Empire.

Julia Maesa
Born in Emesa, in modern Syria, Julia Maesa was the sister-in-law of the Roman Emperor Septimius Severus and the grandmother of the Emperor Elagabalus whom she helped put on the throne.

Punic War I
Information on the first Punic War.

Women of the Bible
Women of the Bible. Ancient/Classical History.

January 2014 Articles
A listing of new articles on this site, added in January 2014.

May 2014 Articles
A listing of new articles on this site, added in May 2014.

Animal Mummies
Egypt not only honored animal headed gods but mummified animals.

Agrippina the Younger
Agrippina the younger, daughter of Agrippina the elder, was the mother of the Emperor Nero and wife of the Emperor Claudius.

Biography of Alexander the Great - Articles Providing the Biography of Alexander the Great
Biography of Alexander the Great. Links to information on the life of Alexander the Great.

Amazons - Women Warriors - Amazons
Legends about the amazons, the ancient women warriors, what we know about amazons from mythology, linguistics, archaeology, Strabo, and Herodotus.

Arsinoe II Philadelphus
Resources on the Egyptian queen Arsinoe II, who through her marriage to Ptolemy II wielded power.

Boudicca - Warrior Queen Boudica - BOUDICCA of the Iceni
Queen Boudicca (Boadicea or Boudica) led the Iceni in battle against the Romans.

Classics - Resources on the Classics
Resources on the Greco-Roman Classics, including bibliographies, an FAQ, a glossary, and classical art.

Clodia - Lesbia
Clodia, the sister of Clodius Pulcher and wife of Q. Caecilius Metellus Celer is thought to have been the woman Catullus immortalized in his poetry about Lesbia.

Cornelia - Mother of the Gracchi
Cornelia, mother of the Gracchi, was held up as an example of feminine Roman virtue.

Greek Anthology - Epigrams From the Greek Anthology
Material from the Greek Anthology, including epigrams and biographies of the poets in the Greek Anthology.

Xenophon - The Works of Xenophon in English
English translations of the works of Xenophon.

Cloaks, Capes, and Coats
Information on Roman outer apparel, cloaks, coats, and capes.

Punic War III
About the third and final war between Carthage and the Republic of Rome, which is known as the third Punic War.

Womens' Clothes
Information on Roman womens' clothes.

Toga
Information on the quintessential Roman garment, the toga.

February 2011 Articles
A listing of new articles on this site, added in February 2011.

Ancient History Genres - Biography, Annals, Geography, History
The genre of ancient history developed out of other genres like geography and included the yearly format known as annals. We also look at ancient biography as a source for history.

Ctesias - Persian Historian Ctesias
Ctesias was a Persian historian and physician at the court of King Artaxerxes II Mnemon from 404 to 398/397.

Diodorus Siculus - Greek Historian Diodorus Siculus
Diodorus was a Greek historian and the author of a universal history that spanned 1138 years.

Eunapius of Sardis - Byzantine Historian
Resources on the Byzantine historian Eunapius -- or Eunapios -- of Sardis.

Eutropius
Eutropius was a fourth century Roman historian who wrote a Brevarium -- history of Rome -- in ten volumes.

Gall Placidia
Galla Placidia was an important figure in the Roman Empire in the first half of the fifth century. She was first a Gothic hostage and then the wife of a Gothic king. She was made

Augustus - Historian Augustus - Res Gestae
In his

Historians of Rome - Julius Caesar
Julius Caesar kept detailed records of his military campaigns and wars in his Civil and Gallic Wars. In the Gallic War you'll find the famous phrase

Plastic Surgery/Indus Valley Medicine
Shushruta's contributions to Indian surgery included studying human anatomy, performing rhinoplasty, and extraction of cataracts. Also explains ayurveda, the science of living.

Norse Gods and Goddesses Pictures - Pictures and Paintings from Norse Nythology
Norse gods and goddesses. Pictures of gods, goddesses, and heroes from Norse Mythology.

Phylarchus - Greek Historian Phylarchus
Phylarchus wrote about the fifty years of Greek history, from the invasion of Pyrrhus to the death of King Cleomenes III of Sparta (237-222 B.C.).

S-Z Early Church Figures
Ancient/Classical History.

Women's Medicine
Resources on ancient women's medicine - gynecological and obstetrical techniques.

Xenophon - Greek Historian Xenophon
Xenophon was a Greek historian and contemporary of Socrates who wrote about the philosopher's death very differently from Plato.

The Severan Julias
Behind some of the emperors of the Severan dynasty were women, 4 named Julia: Julia domna, Julia maesa, Julia Soeamias, and Julia Mamaea.

Silk Road
The Silk Road is not actually a place and actually, it's not so much a road as a route and it's really several routes. The Silk Road passed from the Eastern Mediterranean to China with stops at major oases.

May 2011 Articles
May 2011 Articles. Ancient/Classical History.

A-F Early Church Figures
Ancient/Classical History.

A Gods and Goddesses
Ameratsu, Amateras, An, Anat, Aphrodite, Apollo, Ares, Artemis, Asclepius, Athena, Athirat, Athtart, and Atlas.

B Gods and Goddesses
Baal, Bacchus, Balder, Bast, Bergelmir, Bes, Bragi, Brahma, and Brigit.

C Gods and Goddesses
Ancient/Classical History.

Ancient calendars and timekeeping in China and Japan.
Ancient calendars and timekeeping in China and Japan.

D Gods and Goddesses
Ancient/Classical History.

E Gods and Goddesses
Ancient/Classical History.

G-M Early Church Figures
Ancient/Classical History.

Leaders T-Z
Leaders, kings, generals, consuls, pharaohs, emperors, governors T-Z.

N-R Early Church Figures
Ancient/Classical History.

Norse Mythology
The nine worlds of Norse mythology. The geography of the Norse universe in Scandinavian mythology.

U Page for the Ancient / Classical History Glossary
Glossary entries for the letter U in ancient/classical history.

June 2011 Articles
A listing of new articles on this site, added in June 2011.

July 2012 Articles
A listing of new articles on this site, added in July 2012.

Tombs
Tombs. Ancient/Classical History.

Barbarian Leaders
Information on some of the men from barbarian tribes who posed the main threats to the Roman Empire.

Coins and Money - Ancient Coinage
Evolution of coins from and the use of money in antiquity.

Egyptologists
Egyptologists, lists, information on, and their projects.

F Gods and Goddesses
Ancient/Classical History.

G Gods and Goddesses
Ancient/Classical History.

N Gods and Goddesses
Ancient/Classical History.

H Gods and Goddesses
Ancient/Classical History.

I Gods and Goddesses
Ancient/Classical History.

J Gods and Goddesses
Ancient/Classical History.

Leaders N-S
Leaders, kings, generals, consuls, pharaohs, emperors, governors N-S.

L Gods and Goddesses
Ancient/Classical History.

M Gods and Goddesses
Ancient/Classical History.

Numismatics
Ancient coins to look at, collect, purchase, and information about the minting of the historic coins

Q Gods and Goddesses
Ancient/Classical History.

R Gods and Goddesses
Ancient/Classical History.

S Gods and Goddesses
Ancient/Classical History.

July 2011 Articles
July 2011 Articles. Ancient/Classical History.

Offsite Articles on Ancient Greek Philosophy - Especially the Pre-Socratics
Articles from other Internet sites on Greek philosophy, especially that of the Pre-Socratics.

Columns
Ancient Greek Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian columns.

K Gods and Goddesses
Ancient/Classical History.

Leaders A-F
Leaders, kings, generals, consuls, pharaohs, emperors, governors A-F.

Leaders G-M
Leaders, kings, generals, consuls, pharaohs, emperors, governors G-M.

O Gods and Goddesses
Ancient/Classical History.

Parthenon - The Greek Parthenon - The PARTHENON in Athens
The Parthenon. Under the leadership of Pericles, the Parthenon was built in Athens. The Elgin Marbles, taken from the Parthenon are in England.

P Gods and Goddesses
Ancient/Classical History.

Republican Rome - Information on the Republican Era of Rome
The history of Republican Rome from the end of Monarchy (510 B.C.) to the aftermath of Julius Caesar's assassination, including the Punic Wars.

T Gods and Goddesses
Ancient/Classical History.

Plays and Epics With Trojan War Themes
Plays and epics about the Trojan War and other literary references to the ten-year battle between Greeks and Trojans that Homer describes in the Iliad.

U Gods and Goddesses
Ancient/Classical History.

August 2011 Articles
A listing of new articles on this site, added in August 2011.

December 2011 Articles
A listing of new articles on this site, added in December 2011.

November 2011 Articles
A listing of new articles on this site, added in November 2011.

October 2011 Articles
A listing of new articles on this site, added in October 2011.

September 2011 Articles
A listing of new articles on this site, added in September 2011.

Servius Tullius
Learn about Servius Tullius and the reforms he is credited in during the legendary period of the Roman kings.

A-Z Index of Roman Emperors
A-Z Index of Roman Emperors. Ancient/Classical History.

A Page for the Ancient / Classical History Glossary
Glossary entries for the letter A for Ancient/Classical History.

Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire Articles
Articles on the decline and fall of the Roman Empire and emperors of the later years before the Fall of Rome.

Helen of Troy - The Trojan War Was Fought Over the Abduction of Helen of Troy
Helen was the wife of Menelaus of Sparta. Despite being from Sparta, Helen is usually called Helen of Troy, from the time following her abduction by the Trojan Prince Paris.

Timelines of the Ancient Olmec.
Timelines of the Ancient Olmec. Ancient/Classical History.

Rise of Democracy - Articles on the stages of Greek democracy.
Articles on the stages of Greek democracy.

Rome - Roman Legends - Early History - Kings - Foundation - Romulus - Aeneas
From the legendary landing of Aeneas, through the founding of Rome by Romulus, the Etruscans, and early kings to the creation of the Republic.

Trojan War People
The Trojan side of the Trojan War. The Greeks or Achaeans attacked the city of Troy after Paris, son of Priam of Troy, abducted Helen of Troy -- properly Helen of Sparta, since she was the legal wife of King Menelaus of Sparta.

Trojan Horse - What Was the Trojan Horse and When Was it Used?
The Trojan Horse was the trick the Greeks used to gain entry to the citadel of Troy during the Trojan War.

Trojan War FAQs
Some of the questions generated by reading or watching movies about the Trojan War and Homer's Iliad and Odyssey.

V Gods and Goddesses
Ancient/Classical History.

Y Gods and Goddesses
Ancient/Classical History.

Z Gods and Goddesses
Ancient/Classical History.

Olympia Greece
About the sanctuary at Olympia in Elis, Greece, and its connotations, in terms of games and wonders of the world.

February 2014 Articles
A listing of new articles on this site, added in February 2014.

Famous Ancient Women - Queens - Warriors - Mothers - Poets - Courtesans - Philosophers
Famous ancient women. Ancient women famous as queens, warriors, courtesans, poets, mothers, and more.

Queen Cleopatra of Egypt
Pictures of Cleopatra. Queen Cleopatra of Egypt in plays, television, and movies and her relationships with Julius Caesar and Mark Antony. Also the Cleopatra of art and Queen Cleopatra historical pharaoh of Egypt in the dynasty of the Ptolemies.

Geographic Index of the major gods and goddesses of the world and of ancient mythology
Search for major gods and goddesses of the world and of ancient mythology by major geographic area.

Epidemics and Plagues
Outbreaks of infectious, deadly diseases have decimated human populations since we first began to congregate. One of the causes of the Fall of Rome is thought to have been Bubonic Plague.

General Information on the Latin Language and Modern Latin
Sites for the Latin language as it is used today, including a Latin translation service.

Greek Language Instructions - Ancient Greek
Online resources, texts, classes, and grammar to help you learn Ancient Greek.

Timelines - Persia
Persian timelines show chronological events in Persia, the Aegean, Egypt, Asia Minor, Syria and Palestine, Assyria, Babylonia, and Iran, from 2800-100 B.C.

Plutarch's Lives - Biographies of Famous Roman and Greek Men
Plutarch wrote biographies of famous Roman and Greek men. Here you'll find out of copyright English translations of Plutarch's lives of famous men.

Roman Timelines
Roman timelines. Ancient/Classical History.

Consuls - Roman
Lists of the two annually elected Roman consuls, their names, biographies, and dates.

Rome - Arms - Armor - Roman Weapons
Resources on Roman wars and battles, arms, armor, and weapons.

Rulers Leaders Kings Emperors Dictators Tyrants and Military Leaders
Famous ancient leaders either of armies or of countries. Resources on rulers, kings, emperors, consuls, tyrants, dictators, military leaders (generals), and more.

Social customs and social culture of the ancient Romans
Social customs and social culture of the ancient Romans. This topic includes the Roman

Timelines - Syria
Timelines of the periods of Syrian history and peoples who dominated them: Halaf, Sumerians, Akkadians, Eblaites, Babylonians, Canaanites, Hurrians, Assyrians, Egyptians, Hittites, Arameans, Kaldeans, Palmyrians, Persians in Syria, Hellenistic Period, Nabateans, Ghassanides, Romans and Byzantines.

The Book of Proverbs - E-Text of the Book of Proverbs
An e-text of the KJV Book of Proverbs.

House of Tantalus - The Originally Lydian Greek House of Tantalus
The House of Tantalus is usually better known by the individuals and its descendant House of Atreus. Learn about the curses and misbehavior of the kings and queens in the House of Tantalus.

Myth - MesoAmerica
Individual Mesoamerican (including Maya and Aztec) gods and goddesses.

Biblical Archaeology
Archaeological aspects of the history of Judaism and early Christianity with emphasis on the Bible.

Delphic Oracle - Answers and Prophecies through the Delphic Oracle
In ancient Greece, the Delphic Oracle was consulted in real life and mythology to make prophecies and for imortant decisions.

Greece - Rome - Greek Roman Dying - Death - Funeral - Afterlife
Greco-Roman beliefs about the afterlife and death, mourning, lamentation, funeral arrangements, cremation and burial.

Greece - Greek Math
Resources on ancient Greek mathematics, calculations, geometry, and on Zeno, Archimedes, and Roman numerals.

The Hellenistic Period, from roughly 300 B.C. to 300 A.D., was characterized by the exchange of religious ideas between Greece and the empire, and the rise of messianic beliefs.
The Hellenistic Period, from roughly 300 B.C. to 300 A.D., was characterized by the exchange of religious ideas between Greece and the empire, and the rise of messianic beliefs.

Kings of Rome
Ancient/Classical History.

Latin Dictionary - Latin to English Dictionaries
Latin dictionary resources includes Latin-to-English and English-to-Latin dictionaries, some of which are downloadable.

Latin - Mastery of the Latin Language - Writing and Reading
Latin Roman prose composition read translate poetry scansion meter prose

Myth - Near and Middle East
Myth from the ancient Near East and Middle East.

Norse Mythology - Gods and Goddesses of Norse Mythology
Gods and Goddesses of Norse mythology. Resources on Norse mythology, Ragnarok, the Aesirs and Vanirs, the nine worlds (Asgard, Midgad, Vanaheim, Alfheim, Niflheim, Hel, Jotunheim, Muspelheim, Svartalfheim, and Nidavellir), and genealogies.

Officials - Magistrates - Aediles
Roman officials and magistrates, particularly the magistrates during the period of the Roman Republic.

Historical Recreation: Daily Life
Re-enactment societies and sites to help recreate the worlds of antiquity.

Roman Eras - The Historical Periods of Ancient Rome
Ancient Rome from its legendary founding to the fall of the Roman Empire and the barbarians in the fifth century.

Myth: Sub-Saharan
Links to African mythology. Ancient/Classical History.

Chinese Historians and History
Chinese Historians and History. Ancient/Classical History.

Epic Tradition
Epic poems and the tradition surrounding them

Maps of Ancient Africa
Ancient/Classical History.

Plato/Aristotle Study Guides
Study Guides, outlines, summaries, and commentary on Aristotelian and Platonic philosophy.

Creation, flood and other myths from far eastern Asia, including Korea.
Creation, flood and other myths from far eastern Asia, including Korea, Japan, and China.

A-Z Gods and Goddesses
An alphabetical index of major gods and goddesses.

Celts Religion/Beliefs
The gods, goddesses, legends, and myths of the ancient Celts.

Myth: Egypt
Gods of Egypt. Hierarchies of the Egyptian gods and goddesses and their spheres of influence.

History of the Greek Language
The history of the Greek language and a dialect timeline.

Hinduism (Sanatana Dharma)
Hinduism, known as Sanatana Dharma (everlasting religion/truth/rule) to practitioners, was founded in India, where it is still practiced by eighty percent of the people. It is more than a religion in the Western sense. It is also a way of life. Man is limited, but the Supreme Being isn't. Because of our inability to comprehend the infinite, we may look upon Hinduism as polytheistic, but, according

Linear A - B - Minoan Mycenaean Syllabic script - Michael Ventris deciphered B
Both Linear B and Linear A were written during the 2nd millennium B.C. in Minoan Crete. Michael Ventris deciphered Linear B in 1952. This is the written syllabic language that spread from the Minoans to the Mycenaeans. Linear A has not yet been deciphered.

Encyclopedias of mythology, the world's pantheons and mythological creatures
Alphabetical and topical lists of deities and sites with extensive information on the gods, goddesses and mythology of the world.

Resources on Japanese gods, goddesses and founding myths.
Resources on Japanese gods, goddesses and founding myths.

Greek Philosophy Terms
Learn the meaning of specialized terms used in ancient Greek philosophy.

Biographies of Famous Romans
Learn about famous Roman men who made a name for themselves in the annals of ancient history.

Sun gods and goddesses. Mythology of the sun and the gods and goddesses of the sun.
Mostly, but not exclusively, the province of male deities, the pantheon of most cultures has at least one god responsible for the daily return of the sun.

Caesar's Gallic War
Caesar's Gallic War. Ancient/Classical History.

Greek Sacred Places
In ancient Greece there were a variety of sacred-type places, like altars or shrines or holy geographic locations.

Regions and Colonies of Ancient Greece
In addition to the individual city states of ancient Greece, there were special designations for regions and some areas smaller than cities designated separately, as well as colonies.

Book of Joshua
Book of Joshua. Ancient/Classical History.

Films
Films and movies. Ancient/Classical History.

Timelines - Sub-Saharan Africa Timelines Charts and Chronology
Timelines and charts of dates of important events in Ancient Africa and Sub-Saharan African History.

Archaic Age of Ancient Greece
After the Dark Ages, Greece experienced the Archaic Age, which featured such writers as Homer and Sappho.

Athens - Greek Polis of Athens
Athens is the polis of Greece associated with the great dramatists and the development of democracy.

Bronze and Dark Ages of Ancient Greece
Before Homer and the Archaic period of Greek history were the Bronze and Dark Ages.

Classical Greece
Between the Hellenistic Age and the Archaic Age of Ancient Greece was the Classical Age. The Classical Age includes the golden era of Pericles.

Democracy - Athens Developed the Governmental Form Known as Democracy and Called Mob Rule by Others.
Democracy was developed by the people of Athens. It was considered by the others to be a form of mob rule since all the citizens in Athens voted. Oligarchy was the norm and democracy the exception.

Hellenistic Greece - Ancient Greece - Greek History
Hellenistic period of Ancient Greece. Ancient Greek history from the death of Alexander the Great to the Romans.

Ancient Greece - Greek Law - Government - Sparta - Athens
Resources on ancient Greek laws, governments and constitutions of the ancient Greeks, especially of Athens and Sparta.

Greece - Greek Philosophy - Philosophers
Philosophy began in Greece because of available leisure time and the Hellenic spirit of individualism.

Greece - Famous Greek People Timelines - Chronologies
Ancient Greek famous people timelines or chronologies. Chronological lists of historians, writers, philosophers, scientists, and other important figures in Ancient Greek history.

Greek Terms Relating to Law, Government and Democracy
Ancient/Classical History.

Officials - Greek Politicial Officials
Information on the officials of Greece, especially Sparta and Athens.

Pre-Socratic Philosophy
Explanations for

Tax
Raising money for government projects (taxation) in antiquity.

Asia Maps
Ancient/Classical History.

Maps - Religion - Mythology - Underworld - hades
Maps related to mythology or religion, including maps of the Underworld or Hades because it was the realm of Hades.

Money, Economy, Coins, and Taxes
Information on trade, taxation, currency, inflation and attitudes toward money.

Egypt: Medicine
Ancient Egyptian medical papyri and other resources on Egyptian ophthalmology, venereal disease, tuberculosis, and physicians.

Government - Ancient Roman Government
Ancient forms of government. Ancient/Classical History.

Architecture Greece - Greek Architecture - Monuments - Columns - Parthenon.
Greek architecture and monuments. The various orders of Greek architecture, columns, and monuments, including the Parthenon.

Olympian Gods - Greek Gods of Mt. Olympus - Zeus, Dionysus, Hermes, Poseidon, Apollo, Ares, Jupiter, Bacchus, Mercury, Neptune, and Mars.
The major gods of the Greek mythology: Zeus, Dionysus, Hermes, Poseidon, Apollo, Ares, Jupiter, Bacchus, Mercury, Neptune, and Mars.

Latin - Learning the Latin Language Resources
To read Latin literature you must first learn the the grammar of the Latin language (parts of speech, verbals, tenses, moods, peculiarities of Latin like ablative absolutes, etc.), either through instruction or on your own, online or otherwise. Resources here are specific to this stage in the life of a Latin student.

Law and Politics
Law-givers, legal systems, constitutions, readings and documents about the laws of ancient civilizations.

Resources on the ancient Greeks who introduced the world to philosophy.
Resources on the ancient Greeks who introduced the world to philosophy.

Historical Recreation: Clothing
Sites to aid with re-enactment society garb and costuming.

Sparta - Lacedaemonia - Resources on the Ancient Greek City of Sparta
Sparta, a leading city-state in ancient Greece. Resources on the ancient Greek city-state of Sparta (Lacdaemonia) whose citizens were known for their harsh lifestyle and terse (laconic) speech.

Stoicism
Stoicism, a Greek philosophy popular among the Romans regarded living a life in conformity with nature as virtuous. The wise man is self-sufficient.

Greek Religious Festivals
Greek religious festivals were varied community-wide celebrations or solemnities that honored the local deities.

Corinth
Corinth was one of the main cities of ancient Greece. At the crossroads between mainland Greece and the Peloponnese, it was also the shortest route from the Saronic Gulf in the Aegean Sea, and the Corinthian Gulf, in the Ionian Sea.

2012 Articles and Content
2012 Articles and Content. Ancient/Classical History.

Timelines - Anatolia
What happened where and when in the history of the Hittites and the Ancient Near East

Very Basic Latin - Basically, the Paradigms of Latin
Basic information on Latin limited to the essential paradigms of nouns and verbs and related pages, including quizzes on the paradigms and examples of other words that fit the paradigms of the declensions and conjugations.

Biblical History
Biblical History with particular regard to the books of the Old Testament and their relationship to archaeology and history.

Myths of Creation and the Afterlife
Creation myths and beliefs about the afterlife and death.

Rome - Roman cursus honorum - hierarchy - roman offices
The series of public offices Roman men, both patrician and plebeian, were expected to aspire to in sequence at specific ages was known as the cursus honorum.

Learning Egyptian
Resources for learning Ancient Egyptian.

Europe: Geography, Maps and Information
Maps of Europe and the area known by the ancients as Europa.

Stories from around the world about the great flood, questions about whether Noah's flood could have occurred, and Ballard's salvage work in the Black Sea.
Stories from around the world about the great flood, questions about whether Noah's flood could have occurred, and Ballard's salvage work in the Black Sea.

Marital customs among the Romans, laws regarding adultery, and legal ages of the spouses.
Marital customs among the Romans, laws regarding adultery, and legal ages of the spouses.

Mesoamerica: Geography, Maps and Information
Maps of Mesomaerica in the Pre-Columbian periods.

Olympic Games - Olympics
Find out about the ancient Olympic Games, the most important of the Panhellenic games that honored individual athletes and their places of origin, somewhat like today's version, but were also religious festivals.

Testing (Miscellaneous )
The Medusa Mythology Exam, College Board Exam, Virgil Project tests and quizzes, games and contests.

Pre-colonial Timelines - Pre-colonial North America Timelines and South America Timelines
Timelines of ancient North America and South America.

World Maps
Ancient/Classical History.

Ancient Daily Life
Ancient Daily Life. Ancient/Classical History.

Roman Voting
Information on how we believe the Romans elected officials and voted on other matters.

Shops
Shops galore! Ancient/Classical History.

Alexander the Great - Information on Alexander the Great - Pictures of ALEXANDER THE GREAT
Information on Alexander the Great: the history and pictures, campaigns and empire of Alexander the Great, legends and articles and the part he played in the spread of Hellenistic culture.

Timelines: Assyria
Timelines of the Ancient Near East.

Blogs
Ancient history, Classics, Latin, and Biblical History related blogs.

Stories From Greek Mythology and Articles on Myth
An introduction to Greek Mythology and all the fascinating Greek gods and goddesses. Greek Mythology has remained a part of western culture.

Greek - Fonts
Resources to help you look up the meaning of Ancient Greek words online.

Introductions to Ancient / Classical History Topics
Basic articles on topics in ancient history and classics.

Writers of Historical Fiction Featuring Ancient Romans
Reviews of works of modern historical fiction that is set in ancient Rome. Also, information about some of the major Roman historical mystery writers, like Steven Saylor and Lindsey Davis.

Roman Mythology - Roman Gods and Goddesses - Gregory Flood's List of Roman Gods and Goddesses
The names of the Roman gods and goddesses, as well as personifications and virtues in the pantheon of Rome and her Italic neighbors. Gregory Flood's lists of Roman Gods and Goddesses.

Roman Historians
Roman Historians from early tribes through the Republic and Empire, Priscus, Sallust, Livy, Plutarch, Tacitus, Caesar and Josephus.

Roman Law
Resources on ancient Roman law. Ancient/Classical History.

Games and Puzzles
Games and puzzles based on ancient/classical history.

Women or female goddesses in mythology and feminine powers.
Women or female goddesses in mythology and feminine powers.

Book of Judges
Book of Judges. Ancient/Classical History.

Book of Ruth
About the Book of Ruth from the Hebrew Bible.

Nile
Information on the Nile, the river of Egypt that made ancient Egypt the great ancient power it would become.

Introductions to Ancient History - Countries and Eras
Introductory articles on eras and countries of ancient history.

Timelines - Aztec
Timelines and charts of dates of important events and rulers among the Aztec in the Americas.

Articles on the Roman toga and other aspects of Roman clothing.
Articles on the Roman toga and other aspects of Roman clothing.

Articles on Aspects of Daily Life
Ancient/Classical History.

Roman home - atrium - citizens at Rome
Roman home with an atrium for citizens within the confines of the city.

How To Do All Kinds of "Things Roman"
A wide variety of how-to's for group as well as individual projects in and out of the Latin language classroom.

Hygiene and the Baths
Information on the cleansing procedures of the Romans and the social experience of the communal baths.

Latin - Latin Language & Literature of the Romans
Resources on the Latin language and Roman literature written in the Latin language.

Food in Ancient Rome
Information on Roman food. Recipes, eating, and orgies.

Resources on ancient Rome especially for homeschoolers.
Resources on ancient Rome especially for homeschoolers.

Rome Art
Roman art and artifacts, vessels, amphoras, decorative items, and aesthetic principles.

Roman Sexuality
Social and legal implications of Roman sexuality, homosexuality, prostitution.

2014 Articles and Content
A listing of new articles on this site, added in 2014.

China's Silk Road
Silk and spices were traded along this path from China to the Mediterranean. Find out about the connection between China and the West via the Silk Road.

China: Art/Literature
Images of a painted pottery bowl that may be 10,000 years old, a gilt bronze lamp, a vessel from the Shang dynasty and links to other art sites of China.

China: Dynasties
Ancient Chinese Dynasties. Ancient/Classical History.

China - Maps
Yellow River, Ch'in, Han, and Shang Maps of China.

Oracle Bones
Ancient/Classical History.

Religions of China
Ancient/Classical History.

Rome - Roman Suburban Residence - Villa
Originally the simple house of a farmer in the countryside, the villa came to be an elaborate residence beyond the city wall.

Africa
Ancient/Classical History.

Timelines - Babylonia
Timelines of the developments in Mesopotamia focusing on the Babylonians before their conquest by the Persians

Timelines - Balkan Tribes Slavs Illyrian Timelines
Timelines of the Balkans, the Illyrians, Slavs, Goths, and Vandals.

Timelines of the Celts.
Celtic Timelines. Ancient/Classical History.

Dynasties and Kings Lists
Lists of kings or pharaohs or other monarchs.

Europe
People on the periphery of the major Mediterranean civilizations and those peoples like the Cauls and Britains whom the Romans conquered.

Atlantis - Theories about the Lost Continent of Atlantis
Atlantis was used as a parable by Plato and possibly mentioned by Solon of Athens. Whether there was might possibly have been a real lost continent of Atlantis or not remains open to debate.

Pre-colonial America - Information on New World Groups Before Columbus
Mayan, Olmec, Toltec, and other cultural groups of Middle America prior to the arrival of Columbus.

Ancient Rome from the Earliest Times Down to 476 A.D.


Roman women, wives, goddesses.
Resources on women in Ancient Rome

Asia
To the Romans, Asia meant pretty much what we think of as the Near and Middle East. This category includes the area of Asia further to the west, beyound the Indian sub-continent. The Ancient Near East (ANE) category covers Persia, and the areas now known as the Middle and/or Near East. The Indian Sub-continent covers India and Pakistan.

Fast Facts About the Olympian Gods and Goddesses
Fast facts about the Olympian gods and goddesses.

Julius Caesar - Gaius Julius Caesar
Julius Caesar, controversies about him leading to his assassination on the Ides of March, the major people and events in his life, Shakespeare's version of Julius Caesar, and the ancient sources on Gaius Julius Caesar.

Ancient Doctors and Physicians
Information on some of the most famous physicians of all time.

Archaeology - The Archaeology of Ancient Egypt
Resources on Amarna, Egyptian archaeology, the Rosetta Stone, Deir el-Medina, Hierakonpolis, the Giza Plateau, and the Valley of the Kings.

Egypt - Art/Galleries/Exhibits
Virtual and real museums and collections of Egyptian art and artifacts.

Ancient Egyptian Death. Egyptian beliefs about the afterlife included the weighing the heart before proceeding to either the afterlife or the devourer; Egyptian burial customs, and daily life.
Egyptian beliefs about the afterlife included the weighing the heart before proceeding to either the afterlife or the devourer; Egyptian burial customs, and daily life.

Egypt: Independent Study/Homeschoolers
Information on plagues, the ruling families, including the Ptolemies, table of Egyptian gods, information on the perennial favorites, mummies, sphinxes, and hieroglyphics, especially for independent study, autodidacts, and homeschoolers.

Egypt - Geography, Maps
Maps and the geography of Ancient Egypt, which, during the eighteenth dynasty extended to the Euphrates River to the east, to Nubia to the south, and to the Mediterranean and the Hittites to the north.

Hieroglyphs Papyrus Egyptian Writing
Ancient Egyptian writing, hieroglyphs, papyrus, and resources for learning Egyptian.

Roman Emperors
Roman Emperors. Rulers of Rome from Augustus to the fall of Rome.

Greece - Greek History for Independent Study - Homeschool
Resources for homeschoolers: vocabulary aids, educational systems of the Spartans and Athenians, ancient taxation, daily life, Eratosthenes, and introductions to Plato, the Olympics, rituals, and theatre.

Greek Weddings and Marriage in Ancient Greece
Resources on Greek weddings, marriage customs, and age of the bride.

Ancient Mathematicians
Ancient builders and others needed good techniques for measurement. Ancient mathematics is one of the many fields in which the ancient philosophers and other thinkers excelled.

Mummies
Resources explaining and demonstrating the mummification process.

Writing and Researching School Papers
Some points to keep in mind when writing and researching ancient history or classics.

Greek Clothing - Learn About Greek Clothing
Information about Greek clothing based mainly on artwork on pottery, statues, and architecture.

2011 Articles and Content
2011 Articles and Content. Ancient/Classical History.

Roman School
The Roman education system featured schools for youths and for gladiators both of which might be referred to with a Latin word for 'play'.

Ancient Egypt Glossary
A glossary of terms connected with Ancient Egypt.

Egyptian Gods
Learn about the ancient Egyptian Gods.

Changes and important figures from Roman, Ptolemaic, Predynastic and Dynastic Egypt.
Changes and important figures from Roman, Ptolemaic, Predynastic and Dynastic Egypt.

Ancient Egyptian Life - Articles on Life in Ancient Egypt
Articles on ancient Egyptian life, including social life, customs, employment, and what is not ordinarily included in the political and military history of ancient Egypt.

Egypt - Ancient Egyptian Women
Resources on Ancient Egyptian women, their rights, and obligations.

Greek Art and Archaeology
Resources on ancient Greek art, sculpture, and archaeology.

Greek Literature - Ancient Greek Literature
Ancient Greek literature. Ancient/Classical History.

Greek Writing - Resources on Ancient Greek
Resources on ancient Greek writing, linguistics, drama, historical writing, texts and translations.

Latin resources for homeschoolers.
Latin resources for homeschoolers.

Monasticism - cenobites - monks - spirituality and holy orders
Monasticism has a history preceding Christianity by centuries, but it is most familiar as an ascetic lifestyle of devout Christian men.

Nazarenes, from a Hebrew word for branch, were the earliest, Jewish followers of Jesus.
Nazarenes, from a Hebrew word for branch, were the earliest, Jewish followers of Jesus.

Ancient texts, transliterations, translations, and resources for the study of papyrus manuscripts.
Ancient texts, transliterations, translations, and resources for the study of papyrus manuscripts.

Patrology and Study of Patristic Writing
Patrology is the study of the writings of the Fathers of the early Church. Sometimes the early Fathers are divided into the Ante-Nicene writers (until A.D. 325) and the Post-Nicene writers. Others distinguish between Latin and Greek or Eastern and Western writers.

Pharaohs
Chronological lists, timelines of dynasties and kingdoms, and information on individual pharaohs.

Pyramids - Egyptian Pyramid
Egyptian pyramid resources. Photos and builders of Great Pyramid, Hatshepsut's Temple, Temple at Luxor, Temple of Amon, Temple of Horus, and Zoser's Necropolis.

Rosetta Stone
Discovered in 1799 by Napoleon's army, this basalt stone in three languages, Demotic, Greek, and hieroglyphs, proved the key to deciphering Egyptian hieroglyphs. The text concerns honors bestowed on Ptolemy V Epiphanes in March 196 B.C. After praising Ptolemy V Epiphanes, the Rosetta Stone describes the siege of Lycopolis and the king's good deeds for the temple. The text continues with its main purpose, establishing a cult for the king.

Resources on the Great sphinx in Giza as well as the riddling sphinx familiar from the Oedipus legend.
Resources on the Great sphinx in Giza as well as the riddling sphinx familiar from the Oedipus legend.

Art / Archaeology
Resources on ancient art and the discoveries made about ancient culture by archaeologists.

Barbarians Led to the Fall of Rome - Learn How Barbarians Led to the Fall of Rome
Learn how Barbarians led to the Fall of Rome -- or did they?

Early Church and Classical Christianity
Ante-Nicene fathers of the early Church and men who led heretical movements

Eastern Church
The earliest Christian Church was in the Syriac and Aramaic-speaking East where the name Christian was first applied.

Ebionites were an early Jewish Christian sect who believed Jesus was a man of exceptional virtue, but some also believed he was born of the Virgin Mary.
Ebionites were an early Jewish Christian sect who believed Jesus was a man of exceptional virtue, but some also believed he was born of the Virgin Mary.

Egypt: Timelines & Tables
What happened where and when in Ancient Egyptian History

Timelines of European tribes and migrations - European Tribal Timelines
Timelines of European tribes and migrations.

Timelines - Hittites
Chronology of book history, money, civilizations of the near east

Punic Wars - Phoencians against Romans - Carthage against Rome - The Punic Wars
The Punic Wars. The Punic Wars were conflicts between the great Phoenician (Punic) trading power and Rome, including the great victory and defeat of the Phoenician Hannibal of Carthage.

Roman Names and Naming Conventions - Tria nomina - Praenomen Cognomen
Roman names, abbreviations, conventions, and how to read lists of Romans.

Rome: Numerals
Understanding, using, and reading Roman Numerals.

Sexuality Homosexuality Prostitution Love
Community-defined standards guide sexual behavior rendering practices normal or abnormal. In antiquity, these standards were somewhat different from ours today.

Greco-Roman Religious Terms
Greek and Roman religious vocabulary.

A Bit Beyond the Ancient / Classical History Basics
Here you'll find information on important topics about Ancient / Classical History that you should learn almost immediately, but it's a bit more in depth than the bare bones beginning pages.

Ancient Medicine Offsite
Internet information on ancient medicine.

A-F Pages for the Ancient / Classical History Glossary
Glossary entries for the letters A-F for Ancient/Classical History.

Book Reviews - Ancient History - Historical Fiction - Classics - Mythology Book Reviews
Book Reviews for Ancient/Classical History. Book reviews on topics related to ancient History, Classics, Mythology, ancient relgions, ancient languages (Latin and Greek, in particular), and historical fiction based on ancient history.

Certamen
Certamen books, certamen database questions, and related contests.

Death and the Afterlife
Beliefs about the afterlife and death, mourning, lamentation, funeral arrangements, cremation and burial.

Dontatist Controversy - Donatism
The Donatist controversy of the late fourth and early fifth century posed orthodox Christians against more zealous Christians in North Africa.

Early Authors
Ancient/Classical History.

G-M Pages for the Ancient / Classical History Glossary
Glossary entries for the letters G-M for Ancient/Classical History.

Greece and Rome
The history, arts, social life, languages, wars, and myths of Greece and Rome, from the Mycenaean, Bronze, and Dark Ages, and from the archaic period through the fall of the Roman Empire.

Modern Writers - Ancient Historians - Historical Fiction Writers
Modern writers about ancient history or mythology. Includes 18th-21st Century writers of historical fiction covering antiquity through Dark Age Britain.

N-R Pages for the Ancient / Classical History Glossary
Glossary page for the letters N-R in Ancient/Classical History.

Historical Recreation: Military
Re-enacting ancient armor, weapons, battles, and military life.

S-Z Pages for the Ancient / Classical History Glossary
Glossary entries for the letters S-Z for Ancient/Classical History.

General resources on solar, lunar, and stellar calendars, and measurement of time.
General resources on solar, lunar, and stellar calendars, and measurement of time.

Terms to Learn
Selected classical terms to learn featured on the Thursday blog posts.

Roman Government Beyond the Walls of the City of Rome
Roman Government Beyond the Walls of the City of Rome

Megalithic Monuments - Stone Circles - Earth Mysteries - Standing Stones
Mysterious stone arrangements (generally circular) that may have had religious or astronomic uses, thought to date from the mid-Neolithic Period to the late Bronze Age, about 3500 to 1000 B.C. There are about 900 in the United Kingdom.

Anthologies - General Information Articles, Lists, Etexts
Collections of writings or material related to groups of ancient writers. Also general information, lists, and etexts.

Roman Architecture - Resources on Roman Architecture
Roman architecture, its styles, its buildings, and architects, including Emperor Hadrian wall and arch-building projects.

Drama (Comedy and Tragedy) by Sophocles, Aeschylus, Euripides, Aristophanes, Plautus, Terence and Menander.
Resources on the ancient Greek and Roman dramatists, particularly the great tragedians, Aeschylus, Sophocles and Euripides, and the great comic playwrights, Aristophanes, Plautus and Terence.

Economic reasons for the Fall of Rome
Economic reasons for the Fall of Rome.

How lead contributed to the fall of Rome - Lead pipes and lead poisoning.
How lead contributed to the fall of Rome - Lead pipes and lead poisoning.

Glossaries for Literary Terminology
Glossaries for specialized terms in literature.

Timelines and chronologies of events in Ancient Greek history
Timelines and chronologies of events in Ancient Greek history.

Timelines - Inca
Timelines and charts of dates of important events and rulers among the Inca in Mesoamerica.

Resources on ancient or classical literature.
Resources on ancient or classical literature.

Homeschool Resources on Mythology
Homeschool Resources on Mythology

Plays
English online translations of plays by ancient playwrights: Aeschylus, Aristophanes, Euripides, and Sophocles.

Sites that have or help you create your own ancient history related puzzles.
Sites that have or help you create your own ancient history related puzzles.

Trojan War Archaeology & History - Homer's Trojan War, Helen of Troy (Ilium), Schliemann, and Excavations of Archaeologists.
The Trojan War of archaeology, history, Homer's Iliad, the city of Troy (Ilium), Schliemann, and archaeological excavations.

Ephesus
The temple of Artemis, theater, library, and ancient history of Ephesus.

Quick References for Ancient Greece
Glossary, maps and ancient Greece reference material.

Fall of Rome Books - The Best Fall of Rome Books
Reviews of recent and modern books on the fall of Rome.

Early Church - Profiles
Biographies and other information on leading figures in the early church, inclduding church fathers as well as those labeled as heretics.

Classic Erotic Poets
Classical writers of lyric erotic poems.

Heresy - Early Church Heresies and Heretics
Heresy. Heresies and heretics of the early Church.

Timelines: Jews
Timelines of the Jews and chronologies of the kings of Israel based on the Bible.

Maccabees
Resources on the Maccabees and their conflict with Antiochus, Chanukah, and the Hasmoneans.

Timelines - Maya
Timelines and charts of dates of important events and rulers among the Maya in Mesoamerica.

Timelines - Medes
Timelines of the Medes, Persians, and Parthians and chronologies of coins and kings.

Timelines - Mesopotamia Near East and Middle East timelines showing the chronology of events and kings in the area between the two rivers -- the Tigris and Euphrates
Timelines of events in Mesopotamia -- the Ancient area bounded by the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers and now called the Middle East or Near East.

Odyssey Study Guides
Study Guides, notes, summaries, English public domain translations, bibliography, and quizzes on individual books of the Odyssey, attributed to Homer.

Parthenon - The Greek Parthenon - The PARTHENON in Athens
The Parthenon. Under the leadership of Pericles, the Parthenon was built in Athens. The Elgin Marbles, taken from the Parthenon are in England.

Poets Playwrights - Ancient Writers
Ancient men and women who wrote literature. Poets, playwrights, satirists, and writers of early novels.

St. Augustine - Texts
Writings by and bibliography on Church Father, Augustine of Hippo.

Student Materials & Classroom Activities
Lesson plans, classroom activities, ideas for the classroom, bulletin board ideas, and curricula.

The Roman Family or Familia
The word family comes from the similar Latin word familia, but it meant a bit more than we do when we use the modern term.

2013 Articles and Content
2013 Articles and Content. Ancient/Classical History.

Arian Controversy
The history of the Arian Controversy:

A - Z Alphabetical List of Famous Ancient Men and women
Search through the alphabet for famous ancient men and women.

Augustus Caesar - The First Roman Emperor
The life of the first emperor of Rome, Augustus or Augustus Caesar; also commonly known as Octavian.

Christian Leaders - Church Fathers and Heretics
Resources on early Christian leaders, Church fathers, and heretics.

Early Church - Documents
Documents of the early church, including the didache, creeds, canons, councils, decrees, and epistles.

Eclipses
With the apparent desertion by the sun, eclipses were portents of disaster, so devastating that Battle decisions were made on the basis of their prediction.

Essenes
Josephus wrote about the Essenes (or Essens) as one of three Jewish sects in the Second Temple Period.

Greece - Greek Science
The Greeks measured the earth and created calendars based on astronomy, with reference to the sun, moon, and stars.

Resources on ancient Greece for homeschoolers.
Resources on ancient Greece for homeschoolers.

Historians - Ancient Historians Geographers and Biographers
Ancient historians, geographers, and biographers. Information on the people who wrote ancient history, annals, chronicles, and biographies.

Timelines - Multicultural
What happened where, including Israel, Asia, America, Greee, and Rome, and cross-culturally, and when, including engineering, mathematics, and plumbing timelines, in Ancient History

Scholarships
Scholarships, grants, financial aid for students of classical languages

Why Study Ancient Culture? What are Classics? or Why Study Latin?
Possible answers to the commonly asked like Why Study Ancient Culture? What are Classics? or Why Study Latin?

Mysticism and Magic
Magic and Mysticism in the Ancient World

The Book of I Samuel - E-Text of the Book of I Samuel
An e-text of the KJV Book of I Samuel

Pyramids
Pyramids are associated with ancient Egypt as the structure under which their pharaohs were buried, but there were other pyramids built in the ancient world that have survived the ages.

Conflict of the Orders
Resources on the Conflict of the Orders.

Proverbs and Fables - Collections of Ancient Stories Told as Proverbs and Fables
Collections of ancient stories told as proverbs and fables.

Egyptology
Resources on Egyptology or for Egyptologists.

Greek Alphabet - Letters of the Greek Alphabet
The Greek Alphabet, how to write the Greek alphabet, and the letters of the Greek alphabet in English.

Greco-Roman Medicine
History of medicine and healing, including contraception and midwifery, in Ancient Greece and Rome.

Greek soldiers
Ancient Greek soldiers and hoplites.

Summaries of the Individual Books of the Iliad
Brief notes describing the main events and topics in each book of Homer's Iliad.

Latin Pedagogy - Teaching Latin
Resources for and information on Latin pedagogy (teaching).

Vergil - Publius Vergilius Maro (Virgil)
Vergil is best known for his Aeneid.

Papyrology and Epigraphy
Papyrology is the study of papyrus and Epigraphy is the study of inscriptions.

Professional Resources - Abstracts - Journals - Associations - Bibliographies
Professional resources: abstracts and reviews, classics departments, classics exams and contests, scholarships, databases and general bibliographies, discussion groups / emailing lists, journals, scholarships, and professional associations.

Quotes - Quotations from Famous Ancient People and the Bible
Quotes. Quotations from famous people, about famous people, pithy bits of philosophy, lines from famous ancient plays, and the Bible.

Research Materials and Reference Guides
Reference guides for homework help online, grammar, grammatical terminology, teaching tools, paradigms, and writing tools.

Thebes - The Greek Polis of Thebes
Thebes was an important area of ancient Greece separating Boeotia from Attica that vied for power with the other major Greek poleis and has a rich mythological history.

Forum
The Roman Forum was the center of Rome, but it wasn't the only forum.

Mystery Cults
Mystery Cults. Ancient/Classical History.

Ancient Roman Government and Officials
The law, kings, Roman officials, the senate, plebeians, the Republic of Rome, consuls, and towns of Ancient Rome.

Out of Africa Controversy
A heated, racial, academic and political debate between establishment and other theorists about the role of Egypt and other parts of Africa in the formation of our Greco-Roman heritage.

Major Battles - Wars - Ancient Battles
Major battles in ancient wars. Ancient/Classical History.

Which gospels were accepted as canonical according to Marcion, Irenaeus, Eusebius and the modern churches.
Which gospels were accepted as canonical according to Marcion, Irenaeus, Eusebius and the modern churches.

Classics Departments
University and college classical language departments

Etruscan and its Impact on Latin
The origin of much Latin is in the Etruscan language.

Dictionary - Thesaurus - Lexicon - Word Lists
Dictionary, lexicon, glossary, thesaurus, or specialized word list are options for looking up Latin and Greek words.

Greece - Greek Astronomy - Measurement - Solar System
Information on the Greeks' constellations, measurement, geometry, and the solar system.

Greek - Greek Dictionaries - Greek Lexicons
Resources to help you look up the meaning of Ancient Greek words online

Greek Mythology - Roman Mythology - Gods and Goddesses - Pantheon - Deities - Heroes - GREEK MYTHOLOGY
A starting point for pages on the gods, goddesses, heroes, and Greek myths.

Iliad Notes
Notes on cultural and mythological aspects of the events in individual books of Homer's Iliad.

Greek and Roman Literature
Resources on the literature of the Greeks and Romans, literature written in Greek and Latin.

Philosophers - Ancient philosophers and thinkers
Information on ancient philosophers and thinkers.

Greek Religion
Greek religion involved priests, holy places, shrines, temples, statues, festivals, rites, games, and more.

Rome Roman Military - Equites Pedites - Roman Cavalry and Infantry
Resources on the Roman military, and especially the equites or cavalry and pedites or infantry.