Archaeology Sitemap - Page 12 2014-09-21

Anthony F. C. Wallace Asks When is Now? - Archaeology Quotations
Historian and writer Anthony F. C. Wallace made this observation about the slipperiness of time in an interview for Ethnohistory.

George Lord Byron on the Usefulness of the Past - Archaeology Quotations
George Gordon (Noel) Byron wrote a lot of poetry about the ruins he saw, but this little epigram is what sticks in my mind.

Ruth Benedict on the Purpose of Anthropology - Archaeology Quotations
Anthropologist Ruth Benedict on why she believes the study of anthropology is a useful one.

J. J. A. Worsaae on Taking One's Past Seriously - Archaeology Quotations
Jens Jacob Asmussen Worsaae was a Danish museum director of the 19th century, who had a hand in developing a classification system for the past.

Heinrich Schliemann, Making a Case for Hasserlik - Archaeology Quotations
David Traill's 1995 book about Schliemann and Frank Calvert uses this quote from Schliemann's diary to support his claim that Calvert knew about Hisarlik being Troy first.

Ambrose Bierce Defines History - Archaeology Quotations
Ambrose Bierce's Devil's Dictionary is a source of great amusement, even nearly 100 years after its publication. Quite an achievement.

Plutarch on the Difficulty of History - Archaeology Quotations
A quote from Plutarch's Lives shows things really haven't changed all that much since the first century AD.

James William Lett on Anthropology's Charm - Archaeology Quotations
Anthropologist A. L. Kroeber is known for many things, including this observation from his choice of careers; but it is probably best quoted by Eric Wolf, and used by James William Lett in this example.

O.G.S. Crawford on the Future of Archaeology - Archaeology Quotations
British archaeologist O.G.S. Crawford comments on what he foresees for the science of archaeology.

Adrian Praetzellis on Having Too Much Fun - Archaeology Quotations
This quote is from Adrian Praetzellis' book Dug to Death, in which he (in the guise of character Hannah Green) describes why fieldwork is just too much fun.

Nurit Bird-David on Hunter-Gatherers - Archaeology Quotations
From a 1992 article on the Nayaka in Man, anthropologist Nurit Bird-David makes some critical observations on trying to push people into cute little boxes.

W.R. Inge on Being an Historian - Archaeology Quotations
This is a 1929 quote from the then-dean of St. Paul's, William Ralph Inge, on why being an historian is such a great job.

Lisa Maurizio on the Mystery of the Oracle at Delphi - Archaeology Quotations
A quote on how to keep the mystery while not losing the science on the Oracle at Delphi, from Lisa Maurizio's 1997 article in Classical Antiquity, Delphic Oracles As Oral Performances: Authenticity and Historical Evidence.

Paul Bahn on Multiple Theories in Paleolithic Art - Archaeology Quotations
This quote from archaeologist Paul G. Bahn is from his 1995/1996 article in Evolutionary Anthropology called

Max Mallowan on Agatha Christie and Older Wives - Archaeology Quotations
A quote from archaeologist Max Mallowan, widely attributed to his mystery novelist wife Agatha Christie, is on of our favorite archaeology-related quotes.

Brian Fagan on Owning the Past - Archaeology Quotations
This quotation on who owns the past was taken from Brian Fagan's introduction to the encyclopedic Oxford Companion to Archaeology

Howard Carter on the Good Old Days - Archaeology Quotations
This quote comes from the quintessential Egyptologist Howard Carter, who in 1920 discovered Tutenkhamen's tomb; from a technical report on the boy king's tomb.

Robert Bettinger on the Cost of Doing Business - Archaeology Quotations
From a 1998 SAA paper on the visibility of crackpots of archaeology, Robert L. Bettinger makes a pithy comment on why we continued to deal with them

Barbara Bocek on Rampant Rodents - Archaeology Quotations
From her classic article on the measured effects of burrowing animals on archaeological sites, Barbara Bocek describes her results in painful detail.

Leonard Woolley on the Business of Archaeology - Archaeology Quotations
Leonard Woolley, excavator of Ur and knighted by the Queen of England, peers into the future and comments on the effects of the Cultural Resourcement Management movement.

Heinrich Harke and Bettina Arnold on Political Influences - Archaeology Quotations
The two fragments that make up this quotations come from an article in Current Anthropology by Heinrich Harke, and the response to that article by Bettina Arnold, disputing the effects of political influence on archaeology.

Alice Beck Kehoe on Tolerance for Ambiguity - Archaeology Quotations
A quote concerning a most crucial tool in an archaeologist's kit; from Alice Beck Kehoe's 1998 book The Land of Prehistory.

John Berger on the Effects of Postmodernism - Archaeology Quotations
An archaeology-related quote from writer John Berger's 1991 book

C. Loring Brace et al on the Chimerical Concept of Race - Archaeology Quotations
From an article on the scientific exploration of death in ancient Egyptian mummies, C. Loring Brace and a host of co-authors comments on how weird the concept of

Robson Bonnichsen and D. Gentry Steele on New World Entradas - Archaeology Quotations
A quote from archaeologists Rob Bonnichsen and Gentry Steele explains why one of the most interesting pieces of the American archaeology puzzle is who were the first Americans and when did they get here.

Maxine Singer on the Thread Holding Us Together - Archaeology Quotations
A quote from neuroscientist Maxine Singer, president of the Carnegie Institute, on what thread holds the sciences together.

C. Loring Brace on Standardized Testing - Archaeology Quotations
Anthropologist C. Loring Brace explains why standardized tests are a bad idea

Maria Arioti and Clare Oxby on Predation and Production - Archaeology Quotations
From their 1999 article in Nomadic Peoples,

Jane Austen (Catherine Morland) on Real Solemn History - Archaeology Quotations
From one of Jane Austen's masterpieces, 1803's Northanger Abbey, comes a quote on the past from little miss Catherine Morland.

Tsianina Blackstone on What Good Friends Archaeologists Make - Archaeology Quotations
A quote from Cherokee-Creek mezzo-soprano opera singer Tsianina Blackstone just what an insensitive clod an archaeologist can be, if he's a good friend of yours.

Charles Darwin on Useful Observations - Archeology Quotations
This quote was taken from an 1861 letter from Charles Darwin to Harry Fawcett; and it shows how the (r)evolutionary scholar contemplated his findings

Octavia Butler on Letting the Past Go - Archaeology Quotations
From Octavia Butler's 1998 book Parable of the Talents, comes a quote from her book within a book, Earthseed: The Book of the Living, by Lauren Oya Olamina.

Donna Gabaccia on the Immigrant Paradigm - Archaeology Quotations
This quote comes from historian Donna Gabaccia's 1999 article in the Journal of American History,

James Joyce (Stephen Dedalus) on History's Nightmares - Archaeology Quotations
A quote from James Joyce's Ulysses on how Stephen Dedalus looks on the past.

Douglas Adams on the Importance of Subsistence - Archaeology Quotations
An archaeology quote from Douglas Adams' classic Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy, on the historical importance of a good diet.

Paul Bahn Bluffs his Way in Archaeology - Archaeology Quotations
A quote from Paul Bahn, from his hilarious 1989 book

Charles Austin Beard Quotes Hari Seldon - Archaeology Quotations
A 1933 quote from historian Charles Austin Beard seems to suggest a source for Isaac Asimov's Foundation Trilogy and his hero Hari Seldon.

T.S. Eliot on History's Cunning Passages - Archaeology Quotations
From T.S. Eliot's 1920 poem called Gerontion, comes Quote 159, on whispering ambitions of the past.

Stephen Lekson on Influential Mythologies - Archaeology Quotations
In his 1999 book entitled The Chaco Meridian: Centers of Power in the Ancient Southwest, Stephen Lekson quotes what he considers the most influential archaeologists of our time: Indiana Jones.

Sarah Tarlow Negotiates Between a Rock and a Whirlpool - Archaeology Quotations
This quotation comes from Sarah Tarlow's 2000 article in Current Anthropology, called

Robertson Davies on Domestic Architecture - Archaeology Quotations
Novelist Robertson Davies wrote a very peculiar murder mystery called Murther and Walking Spirits, in which he comments on archaeologist tastes in houses.

Charles Baudelaire on the Pleasures We Derive - Archaeology Quotations
This archaeological quote is from 19th century French writer Charles Baudelaire, describing the pleasure we derive from viewing the past.

Anubha Charan on Digging Up Holy Places - Archaeology Quotations
In a 2004 article in History Today, writer Anubha Charan discusses the logic of destroying a building to correct a wrong that might have occurred half a millennium ago.

Chris Ballard on Multiple Narratives - Archaeology Quotations
Chris Ballard, of Australian National University, comments on using narratives in archaeological explanations, and the pioneering work of Jack Golson, in Ballard's 2003 article in Archaeology in Oceania.

Keith Bassett on the New Intellectual - Archaeology Quotations
An archaeology-related quote from a 1996 article by geographer/economist Keith Bassett in Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, entitled Postmodernism and the crisis of the intellectual.

Sexual Revolutions: A Book Review
A book review of the new book, subtitled Gender and Labor a tthe Dawn of Agriculture, by Jane Peterson

Spatial Technology: Archaeology Book Review
A book review of David Wheatley and Mark Gillings' Spatial Technology and Archaeology: The Archaeological Applications of GIS

Nathan Light on the Mental Prison of Myths - Archaeology Quotations
A quote from archaeologist Nathan Light on how tabloid archaeology might be trivializing science.

Sinclair Lewis on Authenticity - Archaeology Quotations
From Sinclair Lewis' 1924 classic novel Arrowsmith, comes this not-so-archaeology-related quote about how to tell a real scientist.

Lewis Binford on Why He Will Never Be a Quote of the Week - Archaeology Quotations
A quote from Paula Sabloff's interview with archaeologist Lewis Binford clarifies why Binford's prose is often too dense to get through on the first reading.

Edward Hallett Carr on History's Dialogue - Archaeology Quotations
A quote from historian Edward Hallet Carr's 1961 book, What Is History?

Glynn Isaac on Overextending Our Enthusiasm
Paleontologist and archaeologist Glynn Isaac was a prolific and influential writer, whose work in Africa still resonates today. Here is a quotation from his seminal tome on Olorgesailie.

Bruce Trigger on Indirect Contacts - Archaeology Quotations
Bruce Trigger defines archaeology by way of a left-handed compliment.

Richard Klein on Archaeological Maxims
In an article debating behavioral modernity, paleontologist Richard Klein lays out what he believes should be an archaeological maxim about proof in archaeology.

Sellar and Yeatman on What History Is - Archaeology Quotations
The book written by W. C. Sellar and R. J. Yeatman in 1930 called 1066 and all That, was probably the first of the modern jocular histories of the study of the past.

Strangways Springs Sheep Station - Archaeology in Australia
Excavations at the sheep station in central Australia called Strangways Springs reveal the complexity of the relationship between European and Aboriginal inhabitants of the deserts and dunefields.

Lord and Turekian on the Diplomacy of Science - Quotations
In a February 9, 2007 issue of Science magazine, Kristin Lord and Vaughan Turekian propose that scientists take a more active role in diplomacy.

Kenneth Weiss on Defining Evolution
Anthropologist Kenneth Weiss describes some of the lessons from the 1922 Scopes trial.

Jill Lepore Defines History in Seven Words
At the Ignoble Awards for 2007, historian Jill Lepore defined history in seven words.

Loren Eiseley on Melancholy Secrets - Archaeology Quotations
Philosopher Loren Eiseley (1907-1977) was a wonderful writer of natural and cultural matters. Here's a quotation from his book The Night Country

Peter Bleed on Living in the Human Niche
Archaeologist Peter Bleed describes why he believes it took so long for the docile reindeer to be domesticated

Terry Hunt on the Genocide on Easter Island - Archaeologist Quotations
Terry L. Hunt provides evidence that the Easter Island civilization was decimated not by their own hand, but by the incursion of diseases and slave trading from Western civilization.

Bruce D. Smith on Niches and Domestication
Archaeologist Bruce D. Smith discusses a unifying method of analyzing the process of plant and animal domestication: niche construction.

R. Lee Lyman on a Seat at the High Table in Anthropology
In a June 2007 article in the Journal of Anthropological Archaeology, R. Lee Lyman discusses the case to be made for archaeology's ability to contribute theory to anthropology.

John C. McEnroe on Discussing the Past
Archaeologist John C. McEnroe believes archaeology is a fluid and mutable process, from a 2002 article in Labyrinth Revisited.

Kent Flannery on What the World Wants - Archaeology Quotations
In this quote from The Golden Marshalltown, Kent Flannery gives a great argument for public archaeology.

Kenneth Weiss on Finding Hybrids
Anthropologist Kenneth Weiss asks if it is possible to find a middle ground between two sharply polarized views--or should we try for a hybrid?

Doing Archaeology: A Cultural Resource Management Perspective
Doing Archaeology is an excellent introduction to what the career of an archaeologist working in the cultural resource management field in the United States is like, in a clear, conversational, understandable, personal voice.

Radiocarbon Calibration Update - Radiocarbon Calibrations between 12000 and 50000 Years Ago
New calibration curves for radiocarbon dates older than 12,000 years are reported in the journal Radiocarbon, and promise to shed light on some of the most puzzling of archaeological problems.

Meare - Iron Age Lake Dwellings of Meare in the Somerset Levels
Meare is the name given to two fabulously preserved Iron Age villages--fabulously preserved until recent localized environmental changes.

Polynesian and Chumash Contacts - the Evidence for Contacts between Polynesians and the Chumash
Evidence for pre-columbian cultural contact between the Chumash of California's coast and Polynesian seafarers is growing, but still in doubt.

Ancon - the Wari Empire site of Ancon
Ancón is an archaeological site located on the coast of Peru, about 40 km north of Lima. Based on architecture and archaeological evidence, the site is thought to been a colony of the

Achaemenid Dynasty Timeline and Description
The Achaemenids were the ruling dynasty of Cyrus the Great and his family over the Persian empire, from 550-330 BC, when it was conquered by Alexander the Great.

The Sea Kings: The Prophecy
This first book in Les Cole's Sea King Trilogy is an exciting, detailed romance of the high seas of the Mediterranean Sea during the Bronze Age. The hero, Tanuati, a selfish Cretan lout, wanders around the sea picking up knowledge and girls at about the same rate. An entertaining way to spend an afternoon.

Global Dawn - a book review of Global Dawn by Deborah Gelbard
A book review of Global Dawn, a fictional telling of the beginnings of the Digital Earth Project.

The Spread of Agriculture - Early Farming Dispersal Hypothesis
Archaeologist Peter Bellwood argues that the spread of agriculture occurred through the movement of human populations, not the ideas.

Aztalan - Mississippian Mound Center in Wisconsin
Aztalan is a large Mississippian mound center, located on the west bank of the Crawfish River near Lake Mills in Wisconsin.

Oral History - Collecting Oral History
Interviewing people who know about archaeological sites or cultures can be a very fruitful way to gather information for a research paper or background research.

Belgian Anthropologist Claude Levi-Strauss, 1908-2009
Belgian anthropologist Claude Lévi-Strauss is still quite influential on archaeology today (not to mention philosophy, theology, and literature). His theories, oddly enough, had to do with seeking general human traits, arguing that there were certain concepts, certain dualities, that were hard-wired into all human beings.

Betty Jane Meggers - Who is Betty Jane Meggers
American archaeologist Betty Meggers is probably best known for her extensive work conducted in association with her husband Clifford Evans in the South American continent, including Marajo Island, Brazil, at Rio Napo in Ecuador and on the island of Guyana (then British Guiana).

Kurgan - What is a Kurgan
A kurgan is a type of burial mound built by several groups of nomadic people of central Asia

Spit - What is a Spit in Archaeology
A spit is archaeological jargon for an arbitrary excavation level

A Maya Elder on the Importance of Knowing Your Past - Archaeology Quotations
The importance of the past is not lost on people who are not necessarily deeply ensconced in the modern age.

John Hoopes on the Future of the Past - Archaeology Quotations
A quote from one of the pioneers of archaeology on the Internet, American archaeologist John Hoopes.

Christine Finn on Authenticity - Archaeology Quotations
Archaeologist Christine Finn comments on the problems of defining sacred and profane religious relics.

Doug Charles on Shades of the Past - Archaeology Quotations
Doug Charles the possibilities of the different interpretations of the past, in this quote from an article in the American Anthropologist.

Margaret Murray on a Welter of Flint Chips - Archaeology Quotations
Margaret Murray's long and early career in archaeology gave her plenty of things to talk about, as can be seen from this quote from her 100th birthday essay.

George Orwell on Controlling the Past - Archaeology Quotations
1984 as a novel has a great deal to say to our 21st society; here's a quote appropriate for archaeologists.

Edward Bruner on Interpreting Tourism - Archaeology Quotations
Historian and philosopher Edward Bruner considers the modern day implications of tourism.

Malcolm X on Fulfilling the Dream - Archaeology Quotations
Malcolm X (El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz) was one of America's liberators.

L. P. Hartley on Foreign Countries - Archaeology Quotations
Playwright L. P. Hartley describes where he thinks the past is.

Henry Ford on Why History is Bunk - Archaeology Quotations
Henry Ford said 'History is bunk' in all kinds of ways; here's one he said in the Chicago Tribune that's a little different than the usual.

Heinrich Himmler on Doing Archaeology Right - Archaeology Quotations
Heinrich Himmler was a big fan of archaeology, especially of what archaeology could be made to do to support Hitler's Final Solution.

John Guare on Amnesia and History - Archaeology Quotations
Playwright John Guare, from an interview, comments on the lack of interest in history.

Alfred North Whitehead on Advancing Civilization - Archaeology Quotations
This is one of my favorite quotes from anybody at any given time; from philosopher and mathematician Alfred North Whitehead.

Aldous Huxley on the Morphia of Science - Archaeology Quotations
The British author of Brave New World exhibits a deep affinity for the seductions of science.

Walter Taylor, in Mid-Diatribe - Archaeology Quotations
Walter Taylor was, no kidding, one of the most influential archaeologists of the 20th century. But he did tend to rant.

Carl Sagan on the Library of Alexandria - Archaeology Quotations
Astronomer Carl Sagan was a great populizer of science, for which we should be truly grateful. Here's his lament about ancient disasters.

Bruce Trigger on Multiple Viewpoints - Archaeology Quotations
Canadian archaeologist Bruce Trigger's breadth of career gives him a broad understanding of what archaeology could or might be.

E.B. White on the Ecstasy of Reading - Archaeology Quotations
Writer and essayist E.B. White thought a lot about reading and writing, as can be seen from this quote from an essay published in the Second Tree from the Corner.

Michael Coe on Small Favors - Archaeology Quotations
Archaeologist Michael Coe comments on how lucky it is that all our informants are dead.

William Marquardt on Unearthing Support for Archaeology - Archaeology Quotations
Florida archaeologist William Marquardt discusses why it should be an easy sell to get people to support archaeology.

Philip Phillips on New World Variations - Archaeology Quotations
The classic text on the history of archaeology in the Americas was written by Philip Phillips and Gordon Willey; this is the classic quote.

Stephen J. Gould on Creationist's Need for Miracles - Archaeology Quotations
Stephen J. Gould is one of the most accessible scientists on the planet; and a very good one indeed.

Michael Ondaatje on Unsafely Settled Places
Writer Michael Ondaatje discusses the dangers of world travel.

Susan Sontag on Vanishing Beauty - Archaeology Quotations
The late writer Susan Sontag on what is surreal about the past.

Oliver Wendell Holmes Sr. on Inheritances - Archaeology Quotations
From poet and essayist Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr.'s book Elsie Venner, a quote blasting the Spanish inquisition.

Warren DeBoer on Experiencing Cahokia Archaeology - Archaeology Quotations
Archaeologist Warren DeBoer discusses one of the problems with archaeology -- working with archaeologists.

Foley and Lahr on Sweet Studies - Archaeology Quotations
Archaeologists Robert Foley and Marta Mirazon Lahr state what they believe the tastiest part of anthropology is, if not the meatiest.

R. E. Taylor on the Two Cultures - Archaeology Quotations
Archaeologist R.E. Taylor discusses the secondary status of prehistoric archaeology.

Bahrani on the Iraqi National Museum: Archaeology quotation
A quote from archaeologist Zainab Bahrani on her work assisting the Iraq museum protect the archaeological resources from looting in Iraq.

William Calvin on the Mind's Big Bang
Neuroscientist William Calvin describes the explosion of modernity in human beings, from this 2004 article in Natural History.

Nicholas and Bannister on Copyrighting the Past
A quote from the article

Hochschild on True Science - Archaeology Quotations
Political scientist Jennifer Hochschild muses on what makes a science, even a social science, a real gain in knowledge and insight.

Anonymous Critics at a Movie Theatre - Archaeology Quotations
Not all archaeologists' reactions to the Indiana Jones movies were positive, strangely enough.

Moishe Shokeid, on Melding Anthropologist and Informant - Archaeology Quotations
Anthropologist Moishe Shokeid discusses the struggle between the anthropologist and the people she or he talks to.

Penelope Lively on Howling Landscapes - Archaeology Quotations
Writer Penelope Lively imagines what she might have been like, had she decided on a career in archaeology

Stephen Jay Gould on Non-Overlapping Magisteria
Stephen Jay Gould comments on the difference between science and religion in a quote from a 1999 essay in Skeptical Inquirer.

Lars Fogelin on Tempering Imagination
A quotation about tempering imagination in archaeology, from Lars Fogelin's 2006 book, Archaeology of Early Buddhism

Gusti Kollman on Historic Ironies
Gusti Kollman, refugee from Hitler's reich, comments on the historical ironies of her life.

Kathleen Deagan on Ethnic Stews - Archaeology Quotations
Archaeologist Kathleen Deagan describes Latin America in evocative terms

Clark Erickson on Sustainable Agriculture - Archaeology Quotations
Archaeologist Clark Erickson discusses the implications of his research in raised field agriculture of South America.

A Classic Insult from Alexander Dumas (pere) - Archaeology Quotations
This insult is attributed to the erudite writer of the Count of Monte Cristo.

George Orwell on Generational Conflicts - Archaeology Quotations
The British writer George Orwell knew all about conflicts between the old and the new.

Laurence Flanagan on the Rationality of Our Forebears - Archaeology Quotations
This quote is from archaeologist Laurence Flanagan's book called Ancient Ireland: Life Before the Celts.

Donald Crabtree on the Beauty of Projectile Point Technology - Archaeology Quotations
By most accounts, Donald Crabtree was an important scholar in the understanding of how prehistoric people made arrowheads and other stone tools; but he also understood the innate beauty of the objects.

Glyn Daniel Gets a Fit of the Giggles - Archaeology Quotations
Archaeologist Glyn Daniel was one of the foremost public archaeologists of his day. Here's a classic comment from him from an editorial in Antiquity.

Clarence Darrow on Hunching the World Along - Archaeology Quotations
Clarence Darrow was a terrific lawyer with an outlook for what great changes were made by the rebels in us.

Stephen Spender on Escaping the Hectoring of Youth - Archaeology Quotations
American poet Stephen Spender, about what turning 70 meant to him

Charles Austin Beard on Seeing Stars - Archaeology Quotations
Charles Austin Beard was a remarkable historian with a witty turn of phrase. This attributed quote is said to have been in response to a request for a book on the lessons of history.

Poyer and Kelly on the Mystification of the Mikea - Archaeology Quotations
Anthropologists Lin Poyer and Robert L. Kelly spent some amount of time investigating the cultural group called Mikea on the island of Madagascar, giving them insight into some of humanity's deepest attractions.

Ronald Wright on the Fascination of Cannibalism - Archaeology Quotations
This quotation is attributed to historian and author Ronald Wright.

Clarice Stasz Stoll on Collective Forgetfulness - Archaeology Quotations
The historian Clarice Stasz Stoll is credited with this observation about how women are left out of the discussion.

Grahame Clark on Wasting One's Life - Archaeology Quotations
The archaeologist Grahame Clark was quoted by his biographer Brian Fagan.

Adrian Praetzellis on Tolerating Ambiguity - Archaeology Quotations
This quote is taken from archaeologist Adrian Praetzellis' remarkable text book, Death by Theory.

Ralph Waldo Emerson on Being Pinned by a Book - Archaeology Quotations
This quote is from the ever-active Ralph Waldo Emerson, from a lecture o the American Scholar.

Andrew Jones on Perceiving the Neolithic - Archaeology Quotations
Archaeologist Andrew Jones has some recommendations concerning the interpretations of the Neolithic period.

B. S. Johnson on the Future of Architecture - Archaeology Quotations
Terry Pratchett's Bergholt Stuttley Johnson, on what buyers should consider about stock in architectural futures.

Herman Melville on the Textbook of Tyrants - Archaeology Quotations
An appropriate quote from the writer of Moby Dick, concerning what lessons we might learn from the past.

Tommaso Marinetti on Our Most Dangerous Prevaricator - Archaeology Quotations
A quote from the Italian playwright Tommaso Marinetti

Mary Webb on What is Invisible and Mute - Archaeology Quotations
British author Mary Webb muses on precious infinites.

Albert Einstein on the Cosmic Religious Experience of Science - Archaeology Quotations
Physicist Albert Einstein was surely one of our most important philosophers--not such an odd combination, by his lights.

Bill Watterson Remarks on What Archaeologists Have Always Known - Archaeology Quotations
Cartoonist Bill Watterson's Calvin learned all about the romance of archaeology, in his backyard.

Geoffrey Bibby on Why an Archaeologist Digs - Archaeology Quotations
From Archaeologist Geoffrey Bibby's Testimony of the Spade, a quote about the reason for all that earth-moving.

Gerald t'Hooft on Where Paranormal Phenomena Occur - Archaeology Quotations
From the skeptical Gerald t'Hooft, a comment on why scientists don't take paranormal phenomena more seriously.

Mark Twain on the Investment of Science - Archaeology Quotations
Humorist Mark Twain was deeply skeptical of science and scientists--when the occasion called for it.

John Lloyd Stephens on the Moral Effect of Maya Monuments - Archaeology Quotations
Traveler John Lloyd Stephens was among the first white explorers to get a glimpse of the Maya monuments; here's what struck him about them.

George Walden on Countries Lacking Vision - Archaeology Quotations
British Conservative politician George Walden commented on the vision granted by history.

Oscar Wilde on our Duty to History - Archaeology Quotations
Oscar Wilde's quotes are legion, so it's only fair that there be some on the past.

John Steinbeck on the Literature of Science - Archaeology Quotations
American writer John Steinbeck's Sea of Cortez is one of the best pieces of science writing ever completed.

William Least Heat Moon on the Lack of Yesterdays on the Road - Archaeology Quotations
William Least Heat Moon's Blue Highways was a song of the road for a generation.

Voltaire on the Foundations of History - Archaeology Quotations
The French writer and philosopher Voltaire had many pertinent things to say about the past.

Sir Philip Sidney on Why Poets are Better than Historians - Archaeology Quotations
The sixteenth century poet and critic Philip Sidney was clear about why his choice of professions was better than history.

Robert Heinlein on the Effects of Ignoring History - Archaeology Quotations
Science fiction writer Robert Heinlein collected witticisms of his character Lazarus Long in a book called

Henry David Thoreau on Unremarkable History - Archaeology Quotations
American essayist Henry David Thoreau was not a big fan of the adulation of history, as you can tell from many of his writings.

Randall Jarrell on Indispensable Warfare - Archaeology Quotations
American poet Randall Jarrell had some pithy words about war and questioning

Ralph Waldo Emerson on the Folly of Retrospection - Archaeology Quotations
Like all transcendentalists, Emerson was suspicious of people who spend too much looking deep into the past.

Gandhi on Resisting the Winds of Culture - Archaeology Quotations
Mohandas Gandhi waged a battle for independence of the countries of India and Pakistan, independence against Western culture as much as Western government.

Camille Paglia on Voyages to the Past - Archaeology Quotations
A quote from Camille Paglia from her 1999 article in the Wall Street Journal called

John Chapman on Creating Cultural Targets - Archaeology Quotations
Archaeologist John Chapman comments on how making national monuments makes them a target.

Doel and Clarke on Post-Modern Fatigue Syndrome - Archaeology Quotations
Witty geographers Marcus A. Doel and David B. Clarke comment on the ennui brought on by the post-modern generation.

Tea Leoni on How She Almost Became an Anthropologist - Archaeology Quotations
The actress Tea Leoni considered a career in anthropology, but her father talked her out of it. Here's how.

An Unnamed Roman Emperor Comments on the Good Life - Archaeology Quotations
In the medieval manuscript Gesta Romanorum is reported this comment, said to have been written on the sarcophagus of an ancient Roman emperor.

Robert Heinlein on Human Capabilities - Archaeology Quotations
Science fiction writer Robert Heinlein had a lot to say about the human condition, particularly his character Lazarus Long.

T.R.Talbott on the Ice Man - Archaeology Quotations
A quote on the Ice Man from T.R. Talbott, from a 1997 contest entry of the Bulwer Lytton Fiction Contest for the best opening sentence of the worst of all possible novels.

Robert A. Dodgshon on the End of Time - Archaeology Quotations
Geographer Robert Dodgshon comments on our sense of the past

Mao Zedong on the Lack of Heroes in the Past - Archaeology Quotations
Mao Zedong bemoans a lack of heroes in China's past

Cyril Connolly on the Sweet Smell of the Past - Archaeology Quotations
British author and critic Cyril Connolly's mot on the past.

Carl Sandburg on the Qualities of the Past - Archaeology Quotations
American poet Carl Sandburg had many things to say about the past.

Abba Eben on What History Teaches Us - Archaeology Quotations
Former Israeli Ambassador Abba Eben may or may not have said this witty thing about wise men.

George Lucas on Maya Archaeology - Archaeology Quotations
This is what archaeologists speculate director George Lucas said when he saw the Maya site of Tikal in 1976.

David Hurst-Thomas on the Meaning of Discovery - Archaeology Quotations
American archaeologist David Hurst-Thomas has written numerous text books used by beginning students around the world.

Norman Cousins with an Alarming Metaphor - Archaeology Quotations
Writer Norman Cousins on what he believes the past is for.

The Guanzi on Understanding the Present - Archaeology Quotations
The ancient collection of manuscripts called the Guanzi has numerous pieces of advice for us modern-day sorts.

Ambrose Bierce Defines the Past - Archaeology Quotations
Ambrose Bierce's Devil's Dictionary is a very useful compedium of witty sayings, with a few chucked in about our past.

James Whitley on Fishy Ideas - Archaeology Quotations
Archaeologist James Whitley made this acerbic comment on the state of archaeology today.

How Can I Study Archaeology in High School? - Frequently Asked Questions in Archaeology
I am a sophomore in high school who has always wanted to be an archaeologist. I can hardly wait to start my career in archaeology! But there are no archaeology classes at my school. Do I have to wait to get started on my chosen career?

What do you mean, those aren't artifacts - Archaeology FAQ
A reader complains that nobody takes his artifact collection seriously--and wants to know what to do about it.

What Does That Quote Mean? Archaeology FAQ
What does George Orwell's quote,

Specialists - How to Find a Specialist
Finding a specialist in archaeology or any scientific field is easy these days--as long as you have a computer and an internet connection.

Rich on Journeys into the Past
An archaeology quote from poet Adrienne Rich from her 1986 book Of Woman Born.

Khufu on a job well done
Something Khufu (also known as Cheops) might have said to the guys who ran the treasury.

Steve Russell on the Repatriation Movement
In 1997, I interviewed Cherokee historian Steve Russell on the history of the repatriation movement. Here's a pithy comment of his on the underlying purpose of the movement.

Kent Flannery on Killing our Informants - Archaeology Quotation
A quote of the week from Kent V. Flannery

Lynn Meskell on the Hope for Archaeology - Archaeology Quotations
A quote from Lynn Meskell's book, Archaeology Under Fire, comments on the search for hope.

Will Durant on Clever Things to Say - Archaeology Quotations
A quotation atributed to the beloved American historian Will Durant on the importance of keeping your own counsel.

Walt Kelly on the View Looking Back - Archaeology Quotations
Walt Kelly, the writer who developed and maintained the Pogo comic strip, was a philosopher in his own right.

Geoffrey Clark on NAGPRA's Fatal Flaw - Archaeology Quotations
A quote from archaeologist Geoffrey Clark on one of the problems with the enforcement of NAGPRA

Tom Dillehay on the First People in South America - Archaeology Quotations
Archaeologist Tom Dillehay discusses the implications of the discovery of the Monte Verde site.

Jeremy Sabloff on Archaeology's Role Models - Archaeology Quotations
Archaeologist Jeremy Sabloff asks why there are no good role models for archaeology in the popular press.

Christine Sullivan on the Real Adventures of Indiana Jones - Archaeology Quotations
Christine Sullivan from Melbourne Florida submitted this entry into the 1999 Bulwer Lytton contest; and won the Adventure category.

Rene Magritte on the Odors of the Present - Archaeology Quotations
Artist Rene Magritte mentions his displeasure with the present, in this quote from a 1970 biography by Suzi Gablik.

Claude Levi-Strauss on the Richness of the Past - Archaeology Quotations
Anthropologist Claude Levi-Strauss weighs in on the immense riches of the human race, from Tristes Tropiques.

Maxim Gorky on the Carriages of the Past - Archaeology Quotations
In this attributed quote, Maxim Gorky denies the portability of the present.

Michael Goodchild on Maintaining Intellectual Depth - Archaeology Quotations
Geographer Michael Goodchild comments on esoteric academic studies.

Friedrich Nietzsche on the Ancient Part of Human History - Archaeology Quotations
Nihilist Friedrich Nietzsche comments on the ancient pain of human history.

Archaeology FAQ: How Many Artifacts Have Been Collected?
How many artifacts have been collected from archaeological sites, is there a catalog of all that, and can just anybody access the catalog? And if there isn't how in the world do archaeologists know anything?

Archaeology FAQ: Why Do Conquering Civilizations Rebuild in the Same Place?
After one civilization conquers another's land, why did they often rebuild in the same exact place, over the top of the ruins of the previous buildings? A few guesses might be in order.

Can I Dig for Free? - Archaeology FAQ
I want to try archaeology out, but I can't afford to pay for the exotic locations I find listed in Archaeology or Biblical Archaeology. How do I find a place to try archaeology that doesn't take my savings?

Who Makes Documentary Films in Archaeology - Documentary Film Making
Who makes/produces the documentaries we see on National Geographic, Discovery and History television channels? - an archaeology frequently asked question.

How Do I Find a Job in Forensic Archaeology? - Archaeology FAQ
What is the availability of work experience is for forensic archaeology in New York City or any across America?

Where Can I Learn About Grad School in Great Britain? - Archaeology FAQ
Where I could get information on residency requirements and fees for British universities?

Where are Historic Buildings Preserved? Archaeology FAQ
Are all the 20th century buildings being torn down? Where do I find a list of them?

Phaistos Disk - What is the Phaistos Disk
The Phaistos Disk is the name given to a pottery disk, both sides impressed with mysterious symbols and said to have been discovered by Italian archaeologist Luigi Pernier at the Minoan palace of Phaistos on Crete.

The Society Upon the Stanislaus - Bret Harte - Archaeology Poetry
The poem Society upon the Stanislaus was first published by American writer Bret Harte in 1912, and it joins our Archaeology Poetry anthology courtesy Geoff Carver.

Meadowcroft Rockshelter (USA)
Meadowcroft Rockshelter was one of the first archaeological sites in the United States to contain evidence of pre-Clovis populations.

Middle Paleolithic - Timeline of the Middle Paleolithic
The Middle Paleolithic period (ca 200,000 to 45,000 years ago or so) is the period during which Archaic humans including Homo sapiens neanderthalensis appeared and flourished all over the world.

Mohenjo-daro (Pakistan)
Mohenjo-daro (also spelled Mohanjo-Daro and translated as

Moundville - Regional Polity of the Mississippian Civilization
Moundville was a regional polity of the Mississippian civilization, located on the Black Warrior River in the southeastern part of the American state of Alabama.

Navajo Springs (USA)
Navajo Springs is an Anasazi site in the Chaco Canyon system, located on the Puerco River of Arizona about 300 kilometers southwest of Chaco Canyon.

Llangors Crannog (Wales) - Medieval Man-Made Island of Llangorse Crannog
The archaeological site of Llangors Crannóg is located near Llangors Lake, within the Brecon Beacons National Park in Powys, Wales.

Lucy - Type Fossil for Australopithecus afarensis
Lucy is the name of the nearly complete skeleton of an Australopithecus afarensis, found in 1974 at AL 288, a site in the Hadar archaeological region on the Afar Triangle of Ethiopia.

Mississippian Civilization Bibliography - Recent Bibliography of the Mississippian Civilization
A bibliography of academic articles and books on the Mississippian civilization, published since 1998

The Warrior Narrative of the Moche
The Warrior Narrative is a term used by archaeologists to refer to a sequence of ritual events that is hypothesized to have taken place in Moche society, and has been illustrated in Moche iconography drawn on ceramic vessels from many sites and sculptured on walls at sites such as Pañamarca, Huaca de la Luna and El Brujo.

Kerma - Ancient Kushite Capital
Kerma is the name of a Kushite kingdom and cultural group in the Sudanese Nubia, which grew out of the A-Group culture (or pre-Kerma) during the Egyptian Middle Kingdom (ca 2000-1600 BC).

Library of Ashurbanipal - Assyrian Library of Ashurbanipal
The Library of Ashurbanipal is a collection of clay tablets written during the Mesopotamian king Ashurbanipal's reign between about 668-627 BC.

Huaca de la Luna - Moche City Center in Peru
Huaca de la Luna is a large Moche settlement located within the greater Moche site and adjacent to the Huaca del Sol.

The Future of Archaeology - Interview with a Ten Year Old Archaeologist
The youngest person I ever worked with in the field was a ten-year old girl who came on a fieldschool with me in 1997.

Early Dentistry: Evidence for Neolithic Dental Techniques
Evidence of dentistry has been identified at a cemetery in the Neolithic site of Mehrgarh, Pakistan, on eleven individuals between 7500 and 9000 years ago.

John Dockall Explains: Why I Went to Graduate School
Archaeologist and former graduate student John Dockall describes his thought processes leading him to take the big step and go to graduate school in archaeology.

Hal Rager Explains: Why I Went to Graduate School in Archaeology
Archaeologist and former grad student Hal Rager explains why he made the decision to get that advanced degree in archaeology

Archaeology Field Stories - Tuesday Morning 6 AM - River City, Iowa
How do you get prepared for a day of field work in the wilds of Iowa?

In Gallup New Mexico with Tony Klesert - An Hour in the Life of an Archaeologist
Not every archaeologist spends every waking moment in the field. In fact, many of us spend our days in our office shuffling papers and fielding phone calls. Tony Klesert gives us a glimpse into this practice in Gallup, New Mexico

At Aissa Dugjé, Cameroon - An Hour in the Life of an Archaeologist
Archaeologist Scott MacEachern describes an hour in his working life as an archaeologist at the African Iron Age site of Aissa Dugje, Cameroon.

Harappa (Pakistan) - Capital of the Indus Civilization
Harappa is a large city of the Indus Civilization, and one of the best known sites in Pakistan, located on the bank of the Ravi River in Punjab Province.

Applying to Graduate School - Deadlines and Timing
If you're applying to graduate school, it is of vital importance that you make all of your deadlines.

John Dockall Explains: How I Got Into Graduate School (the Application Process)
Archaeologist John Dockall explains what he thinks did the trick for his successful application to graduate school

John Dockall Explains: Why I Chose this Graduate School
Archaeologist and former graduate student explains how he came to choose the same university he was attending when he decided to go for his PhD.

Susan Duncan Explains: How I Got into Graduate School (the Application Process)
Archaeologist Susan Duncan explains what she thought did the trick to get herself accepted into the graduate school of her choice.

M.S. Forstadt Explains: How I Got Into Graduate School (the Application Process)
Archaeologist M.S. Forstadt gives his best tips for successfully steering his way through the application process for graduate school acceptance.

M.S. Forstadt Explains: Why I Chose this Graduate School
Archaeologist and former graduate student M.S. Forstadt explains how he searched and finally found the perfect grad school for him.

The Application Form - Applying to Graduate School
The application form from the university is among the first things the departments use to weed you out; so be sure to fill it out completely.

Curriculum Vitae - Applying to Graduate School Advice
You may need to include a resume of your college career--called a curriculum vitae or c.v.--when you send your application in.

A Few Final Words - Lesley Nicholls' Guide to the Graduate Student Application Process
A few final words from Lesley Nicholls about your graduate school applications

Scholarship Applications - Applying to Graduate School
Even more important than application deadlines to graduate schools are deadlines for scholarship applications. Here's why

Submitting Your Application - Applying to Graduate School Tips and Suggestions
The final check list before you send in your application to graduate school may be the most important thing you do.

Transcripts - Applying to Graduate School in Archaeology
An official transcript of your grades from your final years in college is almost certainly a requirement. Here are some tips to make the best of a not-so-hot transcription.

An Unsuccessful Application? - Applying to Graduate School
If after you've applied to graduate school you get turned down by one or more departments--don't despair. Here are some tips on dealing with the rejection.

The Waiting Game - Tips for Applying to Graduate School
Now that you've sent your admission packets off to the graduate schools of your choice, you must wait to hear. Here's some idea about what's going on and when you can expect to hear results.

Writing Samples - Applying to Graduate School
Sending along a sample of your writing will show your prospective school how well you communicate--something that is very useful in archaeology.

Hal Rager Explains: Why I Chose this Graduate School
Archaeologist and former grad student Hal Rager explains why he chose his particular university to get an advanced degree in archaeology.

A Brief Bibliography on the Plains Archaic
A brief bibliography of journal articles and books on archaeology of the Plains archaic.

Art and Art History - Archaeology Graduate Schools by Program Focus
A listing of academic departments that emphasize the art, buildings, and artifacts of archaeological sites and the past for prospective graduate students of archaeology

Environmental and Landscape Archaeology Programs
Academic departments that are focused on preparing the next generation of environmental and landscape archaeologists.

Late Antiquity and Historical Archaeology - Archaeology Graduate Schools by Program Focus
A list of archaeology departments that emphasize the study of history and late antiquity.

Underwater, Maritime and Marine - Archaeology Graduate Schools by Program Focus
Programs that provide advanced training in underwater, marine, and maritime archaeology.

Prehistory - Archaeology Graduate Schools by Program Focus
The study of prehistory--in this usage anyway--includes archaeological studies for which there are no written records.

Social and Theoretical Archaeology - Archaeology Graduate Schools by Program Focus
Graduate schools providing training in social and theoretical archaeologies to the next generation of scientists.

Glass Making - A Bibliography of the History of Glass Making
A bibliography of the history of glass making, from an archaeological standpoint.

Africa - Graduate Schools in Archaeology by Location
There are several excellent schools that provide advanced degrees for prospective archaeologists located in Africa.

Asia - Graduate Schools in Archaeology
Graduate schools located in Asia which teach advanced degrees in archaeology to students.

Mexico - Guide to Mexican Graduate Schools in Archaeology
Archaeology graduate schools in Mexico are universities where you can get an advanced degree as part of beginning a career in archaeology.

Middle East Graduate Schools - Guide to Graduate Schools in the Middle East
Middle eastern schools teaching advanced degrees to prospective students of archaeology.

North America - Guide to Graduate Schools in North America
Guide to graduate schools--universities that award graduate degrees to prospective archaeologists--in North America, including Canada, the United States, and Mexico.

South America - Guide to Graduate Schools in Archaeology
Universities in South America that award graduate degrees (MA and/or PhD degrees) to students of archaeology.

United Kingdom - Archaeology Graduate Schools
Graduate schools in the United Kingdom and Ireland that provide advanced degrees, including MAs, PhDs, and Hons, to students of archaeology.

American Northwest - Guide to Graduate Schools in the Northwestern United States
A guide to universities offering graduate degrees in archaeology to students in the American northwest.

American Southwest and Pacific - Graduate Schools in Archaeology
Graduate schools offering MA and/or PhD degrees to students of archaeology, located in the American southwest and pacific.

Body Morphology - Mark of Animal Domestication Body Morphology
One indication that a particular group of animals might be domesticated is a difference in body size and shape between a population and animals found in the wild, called morphology.

Chaco Wash - The Archaeology Field Song
I refuse to admit I had anything to do with this field song, which is only funny if sung while tramping cross-country anywhere in the American southwest

RCYBP - Radio Carbon Years Before the Present or RCYBP
RCYBP (Radio Carbon Years Before the Present and abbreviated in many different ways) is a shorthand reference to the uncalibrated date recovered from carbon 14 dating.

Dendrochronology and Archaeology: A Brief Bibliography of Dendrochronology
A bibliography of scientific articles on the study of dendrochronology and archaeology.

Demography and Mortality Profiles - Marks of Domestication Demography and Mortality Profiles
Building and examining a mortality profile of an archaeological assemblage of animal bones, specifically the demographic spread of the animals represented, is one way that archaeologists identify the effects of domestication.

Site Assemblages - Mark of Domestication
Site assemblages--the content and layout of settlements--hold clues to the presence of domesticated animals.

Animal Burials - Marks of Domestication Animals Burials
How the remains of an animal are buried has implications about its status as a domesticate.

Animal Diets - Mark of Domestication Animal Diets
A domesticated animal will eat differently than one in the wild, normally.

How to Submit a Photograph to Archaeology at
Do you have a photo from an archaeological site you've been to recently? Send it along, and we'll add it to the Reader's Gallery.

Electronic Discussion Lists - Pros and Cons of Electronic Discussion Lists
An electronic discussion list is, basically, an email exchange. A group of people who have an interest in a specific topic, sign up to chat with each other via email. Like other sources of archaeology news, discussion lists have their pros and cons.

Archaeology Magazines - Pros and Cons of Archaeology Magazines
Archaeology magazines printed at publishing houses for the general public (such as Archaeology Magazine, Current Archaeology, Minerva, Biblical Archaeology and the like) are a great source of archaeology news.

Archaeology Newsletters - Pros and Cons of Archaeology Newsletters
An archaeology newsletter is one that comes to your email inbox on a regular basis, whether once a day or once a week, or even occasionally.

Archaeology Podcasting - Archaeology News Source
Podcasting is the latest craze on the Internet, and there are a few, and probably soon to be more, examples of archaeology podcasting available today

El Brujo Complex (Peru)
El Brujo is the name of a Moche culture complex, and a major religious center of the Moche between the first and seventh centuries AD.

What's it Like? Experience Tells: I am a Field Technician by Nefertiti
Anonymous field technician Nefertiti describes her life in archaeology in a job also called a shovel bum or field hand.

A Field Technician's Life Can Be A Horrifying Experience
Field technician Rebecca describes a horrifying litany of problems she experienced while working in archaeology

The Harsh Reality of Working as a Field Technician in Archaeology
An ex-field technican who signs himself 'Slave' describes why the archaeological life is not for him.

Anonymous Contributions
A biography holder for anonymous contributions to the About Archaeology page

Pausanias the Traveler [115-180 AD]
The Greek travel writer Pausanias left a lasting legacy with his guide book to the Greek civilization of the 2nd century AD.

Pecos Pueblo, USA
The Pecos Pueblo site is a pueblo in the American southwest, visited by the Spanish conquistador in the 16th century.

Paleoenvironmental Reconstruction
Paleoenvironmental reconstruction refers to the investigations which are undertaken to reconstruct the climate of a specific time and place.

Luigi Palma di Cesnola [1832-1904]
Luigi Palma di Cesnola was an Italian archaeologist of the 19th century who enhanced his early career as a minor diplomat by excavating in Cyprus.

Pierre Paris
Pierre Paris was a French geographer/photographer who took aerial photographs of Oc Eo and Angkor Borei in Cambodia.

Ostionoid Culture
The Ostionoid culture is the name given to the pottery-making horticulturalists of the Caribbean Sea between about AD 500-1000.

Pinnacle Point - Howiesons Poort Cave Site in South Africa
Pinnacle Point is the name of a cave located on the southern coast of South Africa, where very early modern human behaviors have been recorded some 160,000 years ago.

Podgoritsa - What is Podgoritsa
Podgoritsa is an eneolithic tell site in northeastern Bulgaria.

Pyramid Text of Saqqara - What are the Pyramid Texts
The pyramid texts are among the oldest religious writings in the world, found carved on the walls of the Egyptian tombs at Saqqara, and likely dated to the late 5th or early 6th dynasty (about 2435 BC).

Opatów, Poland (Site 1)
Opatow is the name of a site and a village in the Silesian province of Poland, where an enormous cemetery used for several hundred years has permitted archaeologists to compare health conditions for wealthy and not-so-wealthy individuals.

Opovo (Serbia)
The site of Opovo is a Late Neolithic village site in the province of Vojvodina on the Tamis River in what is the modern day country of Serbia.

Orce Basin (Spain)
The Orce Basin in the Andalucía of Spain is noted for holding the earliest Homo erectus occurring in Europe, about 1.6 million years ago.

Owo (Nigeria)
The Owo site consists of the remains of a Yoruba city state dated to the 15th century AD.

Norse - Who were the Norse
The Norse were Viking warriors who were great adventurers, traveling westward from the Viking homeland to Iceland, Greenland, and yes, even Canada.

Nosy Mangabe (Madagascar)
The island of Nosy Mangabe, Madagascar, has an archaeological site on it dated between 670 and 980 AD.

Numantia (Spain)
The ruins of Numantia are located in the Upper Duero valley of northern Spain, about 7 kilometers from the modern town of Soria.

Rasmus Nyerup [1759-1829]
The frustration of Danish historian Rasmus Nyerup was very important to the development of archaeology as a science.

David Oates [1924-2003]
Archaeologist David Oates was one of the excavators at Nimrud, in Iraq.

Oaxaca Valley, Mexico
The Oaxaca valley is a large y-shaped valley in Oaxaca state of central Mexico, and it was the home of the Zapotec and Mixtec civilizations.

Nausharo - Indus Civilization Workshop of Nausharo
The archaeological site of Nausharo is a small Harrapan or Indus civilization site, located in the Baluchistan Province of Pakistan, within about six kilometers of the capital of Mehrgahr.

Nelson River - Thule Tradition Site of Nelson River
Nelson River is a Thule tradition site, located on Banks Island off of the Amundsen Gulf in high arctic Canada.

Nels C. Nelson [1875-1964]
Danish-born archaeologist Nels Nelson was an early 20th century archaeologist in the American southwest.

Newgrange (Ireland) - Megalithic Passage Tomb of Newgrange
The site known as Newgrange is a megalithic passage tomb in the Brugh na Bóinne valley of Ireland.

Ngandong Hominids
The Ngandong hominids were ancient skeletal remains of human ancestors found in Indonesia.

Nicoya Polychrome
Nicoya Polychrome or Guanacaste is the name given to the Early Post Classic period in Costa Rica and Guatemala.

Nimrud, Iraq
The archaeological site of Nimrud is one of the most important Assyrian sites in the world.

Nindowari (Pakistan)
Nindowari is a Kulli complex site in southern Balochistan province, Pakistan.

Nok Art
Nok art describes the sculpted ceramic art of northern Nigeria between 500 BC and AD 200.

Nagyrev culture
A brief description of the Balkan cultural group called Nagyrev.

Nagyrev culture
The Nagyrev culture was an early Bronze age culture in the Balkan region of Bulgaria and Romania.

Nari (Pakistan)
The Early Indus civilization (ca. 4th millennium to middle of second millennium BC) archaeological site called Pind-wali Nari ('the ruined settlement') consists of three mounds,

Narmada Valley (India)
The Narmada Valley site in India is known for both a Cretaceous period fossil prehistory, as well as the discovery of an isolated cranium of an archaic Homo Sapiens.

Naujan (Canada)
The archaeological site of Naujan is located near the modern town of Repulse Bay on the northwestern edge of Hudson Bay in Canada.

Meidum - What and Where is Meidum
Meidum (also spelled Maidum) is an Old Kingdom pyramid, begun during the 3rd dynasty by Huni, and completed during the 4th Dynasty (2613-2494 BC) by his son Sneferu (or Snofru).

Mladec Cave - What is Mladec Cave
The cave site of Mladec in the Czech Republic contains modern human remains, Mladec-type projectile points, bone artifacts and other artifacts in a European site that would otherwise be assigned to the Aurignacian period of Europe; except that it lacks typical Aurignacian stone tools.

Mochlos (Greece)
Mochlos is an island located off the north shore of Crete, with important Greek Bronze Age occupations

Maguey Plan - Aztec City Map of the 16th Century - Maguey Plan
The Maguey Plan (also known as the Plano en papel de maguey) is a 16th century map of part of a city within the Aztec empire, drawn on paper made of agave fibers.

Makapansgat (South Africa) - Limeworks Member 3 at Makapansgat
Makapansgat is a series of veryy ancient archaeological sites in the Makapansgat valley of South Africa, with evidence for Australopithecus

Joyce Marcus
American archaeologist and epigrapher Joyce Marcus has been associated with the University of Michigan's Museum of Anthropology since 1985

Maritime Archaeology - What is Maritime Archaeology
The study of ships and sea-faring is often called maritime archaeology

Martin's Hundred (USA)
Martin's Hundred is an archaeological site in Virginia in the southeastern United States, consisting of a British colonial village first occupied in 1619.

Ernst Mayr [1904-2005]
German ornithologist and paleontologist Ernst Mayr is probably best known for his seminal work begun in the 1940s, combining the work of Charles Darwin and Gregor Mendel to create the notion of Modern Evolutionary Synthesis.

Lene Hara Cave (Indonesia)
Lene Hara Cave is a pre-Lapita site on the island of East Timor in the Indonesian archipelago, with occupations dated as old as 34,600 years ago.

Lidar (Light Detection and Ranging)
Lidar is a type of aircraft-based remote sensing, using laser-driven pulses of light and multispectral cameras to scan and process digital information about a landscape

Lindow Man - Who was the Lindow Man
The Lindow Man bog body refers to mummified Iron Age human remains of a man recovered from a peat bog called Lindow Moss near Manchester in Cheshire county, England.

Maadi Culture - What is the Maadi Culture
Maadi is the name of the Egyptian predynastic culture (and the type site) of Lower Egypt, the northern region (i.e., the lower Nile river delta), from about 3900-3500 BC.

Kilwa (Tanzania) - Kilwa Kisiwani
Kilwa (also called Kilwa Kisiwani) is the name of an archaeological site on the Kilwa Kisiwani island off the coast of Tanzania, in the region known as the Swahili Coast.

Kommos (Greece)
Kommos was a major Minoan harbor located on the southern shore of Crete near the center of the island.

Koonalda Cave - Koonalda Cave
Koonalda Cave is a karst formation limestone cave with art dated to the Pleistocene, located near the southern coast of the Nullarbor Plain of South Australia.

Kumbi Saleh - What is Kumbi Saleh
The Iron Age archaeological site of Kumbi Saleh in what is today Mauritania was built by the west African Soninke society about AD 600, and was probably used as a capital city for the Ghana empire.

Winifred Lamb [1894-1963]
Classical archaeologist and museum curator Winifred Lamb conducted work at several sites in the Aegean and Turkey, looking for connections between the islands and the Anatolian mainland.

Kennewick Man (USA)
The Kennewick Man is the name given to a nearly complete male human skeleton found eroding out of the bank of the Columbia River near Kennewick, in Washington State in the northwestern part of the United States.

Kathleen Mary Kenyon [1906-1978]
English archaeologist Kathleen Kenyon is perhaps best known for excavating at Jericho

Khufu's Pyramid - What is Khufu's Pyramid
The largest of the three Old Kingdom pyramids located at Giza in Egypt, Khufu's pyramid was built between 2589 and 2566 BC.

Howick (UK)
The Howick Mesolithic site is one of the earliest recorded residential structures in Britain.

Huaca del Sol (Peru)
The Huaca del Sol is an enormous adobe brick Moche civilization pyramid, built in at least eight different stages between AD 0-600.

Hughes H. Jones Site (Pennsylvania, USA)
The Hughes H. Jones Site (36Gr4) is a Late Prehistoric Monongahela Tradition (c. A.D. 1000–1640) habitation site located in Pennsyvlania

Huldre Fen Woman - Who was the Huldre Fen Woman
The Huldre Fen woman (also called Huldremose) is a bog body found in a bog called Huldre Fen in northern Denmark

La Isabela (Dominican Republic)
La Isabela is the name of the first European town and lead mining operation established in the Americas, settled by Christopher Columbus and 1500 of his followers in 1494, and abandoned in 1498.

Harris Matrix
The Harris Matrix is a tool developed by British archaeologist Edward Cecil Harris in 1973 to assist in the examination and interpretation of the stratigraphy of archaeological sites.

Hayonim Cave - What is Hayonim Cave
Hayonim Cave is Natufian and Mousterian aged site located on the Mediterranean coast of Israel, in a limestone bluff about 250 meters above modern sea level.

Hemuda (China)
Hemuda is a Neolithic archaeological site and the type site of the culture of the Yangtse River valley in China

Pyramids of Giza - What and Where are the Pyramids of Giza
The Pyramids of Giza consist of three Old Kingdom burial structures and the Sphinx, all built during the 4th dynasty of ancient Egypt.

Gordion - Phrygian capital in Turkey
The archaeological site of Gordion is located in central Turkey, about 100 kilometers west of the modern town of Ankara, said to be the home of the Phrygian King Midas.

Grauballe Man - Who was the Bog Body called Grauballe Man
The Grauballe Man is the name of an Iron Age bog body recovered in 1952 from a peat bog in central Jutland, Denmark.

Fort Atkinson (Iowa, USA)
The archaeological site of Fort Atkinson was an Indian Agency during the early 19th century.

Fulani Caliphate
The Fulani are modern African pastoralists who are Muslim and today live in Mali, Guinea, Cameroon, Senegal and Niger.

Funnel Beaker Culture - What is the Funnel Beaker Culture
The Funnel Beaker Culture, called TRB for the abbreviation of its German name (Tricherrandbecher), is a subset of the Beaker culture.

Gallagh Man (Ireland)
Gallagh Man is the name given to an Iron Age (ca 470 and 120 B.C.) bog body recovered from a peat bog in Castleblakeney, County Galway.

Gamla Uppsala - What is Gamla Uppsala
The modern town of Uppsala about 45 miles northwest of Stockholm, Sweden, and adjacent to it is a Viking period site called Gamla.

Feminist Archaeology
Feminist archaeology is that branch of theoretical archaeology which places women at the center of the investigations, by using gender theory as a background to discuss evidence, associations, and frameworks from a feminist persepective.

Fishtail Points
Fishtail points are to South America what Clovis points are to North America: associated with the earliest occupations in South America that everybody agrees on.

Etowah - Mississippian Site of Etowah
The Etowah mounds site is located on the Etowah River in northern Georgia in the southeastern United States.

Etruscan - Timeline of the Etruscan
The Etruscan civilization was a cultural group in the Etruria region of Italy, from the 11th through the first century BC

Sir Arthur Evans [1851-1941]
British archaeologist Arthur Evans is best known as the excavator of the Bronze Age archaeological site of Knossos

Failaka (Kuwait)
Failaka is an island in the Persian Gulf belonging to the modern country of Kuwait, where Bronze Age Dilmun culture and Hellenistic occupations dated to Alexander the Great are found.

Dumpokjauratj - What is Dumpokjauratj
Dumpokjauratj is the name of an Early Mesolithic (Komsa complex) dwelling located on Lake Dumpokjauratj in the Lappland region of inland Sweden.

Elmina - The Portuguese Slave Colony of Elmina
Elmina is the name of a Portuguese colony built in 1482 in coastal Ghana.

El Nino Southern Oscillation
El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) is the name given to a climatological effect that has caused havoc in the present and in the past.

Dinggong (China)
Dinggong is a Longshan village site in Zhouping County of Shandong Province, China, dated to the Late Neolithic period.

Andrew Ellicott Douglass [1867-1962]
Andrew Ellicott Douglass was an American astronomer, who with archaeologist Clark Wissler, invented the dating methodology known as dendrochronology, or tree-ring dating.

Danger Cave - Paleoindian Site of Danger Cave
Danger Cave, located in western Utah in the American southwest, contains evidence of 11,000 years of occupation in the desert southwest.

Daoism - Taoism
Daoism is a belief system that arose in China during the Han dynasty, developing from the primitive shamanism of the Ba culture into a formal Daoist religion during the second century BC.

Raymond Dart [1893-1988]
Australian paleontologist Raymond Dart was working at the University of Witwatersrand in Johannesburg, South Africa when he first investigated the fossil hominid known as the

Deer Lake Beach (Canada)
Deer Lake Beach is a multicomponent Beaches, Beothuk and Recent Indian site, located on an inlet with coastal access in Newfoundland.

Dereivka - What is Dereivka
Dereivka was thought to be an Eneolithic (or Copper Age) village in the Dneiper Valley of the Ukraine, dated 3380-4570 BC, butexcavated by Dmitriy Yakolevich Telegin of the Russian Academy of Sciences in the 1980s.

ArchComp-L - Electronic Discussion List
ArchComp-L is an electronic discussion group dedicated to computational archaeology, specifically all aspects of computing and archaeology: database design, software and hardware concerns, GIS, CAD, Web applications, and multimedia.

HistArch Electronic Discussion List
HistArch is an electronic discussion list dedicated to historical archaeology, nice mix of professionals and enthusiasts discussing issues about historical archaeological sites around the world.

Lithics-L Electronic Discussion List
Lithics-L is an electronic discussion list meant for scholarly, non-commercial discussion of archaeological lithic analysis, such as dating, sourcing, characterisation, technology, and nomenclature, or for the dissemination of information directly relevant to lithic analysts.

Mil-Arch Electronic Discussion List
Mil-Arch is an unmoderated mailing list devoted to all aspects of Military Archaeology in all periods of history.