Architecture Sitemap - Page 4 2015-07-01

London 2000 Pavilion by Zaha Hadid
The first Pavilion commissioned by London's Serpentine Gallery was in 2000. See what Zaha Hadid designed, before she won the Pritzker Prize.

Alexander Home - Twin Palms Neighborhood - Palm Springs California Alexander Home
Working with several architects, George Alexander constructed more than 2,500 homes in Palm Springs and established a modernist style that was imitated throughout the United States. Page 2.

Palm Springs Aerial Tramway Alpine Station
Palm Springs Aerial Tramway Alpine Station at the top of the Tram in Palm Springs, California. 1961-1963. E. Stewart Williams, architect.

Miller House by Richard Neutra - Modern Houses
The modern houses in these pictures illustrate bold new ideas in home design. Shown here: The sleek glass and steel Miller House is an example of Desert modernism. Richard Neutra, architect. Page 15.

Edris House by E. Stewart Williams in Palm Springs, CA
Learn about the Edris House in Little Tuscany Estates, Palm Springs, California. E. Stewart Williams, architect. Page 10.

Alexander Steel House by Donald Wexler in Palm Springs, CA
Between 1961 and 1962, the Alexander Construction Company set a new tone for prefab housing with several steel houses in Palm Springs, California. Donald Wexler and Richard Harrison, architects. Page 3.

Butterfly Roof on House in Palm Springs California
Constructed during the mid-twentieth century, this home in Palm Springs, California had an angular butterfly roof. Page 6.

Bob Hope House in Palm Springs - Palm Springs California
The Bob Hope house in Palm Springs, California. 1979. John Lautner, architect. Page 5.

Coachella Valley Savings and Loan - Washington Mutual - Palm Springs California
Coachella Valley Savings and Loan (now Washington Mutual), 499 S. Palm Canyon Drive, Palm Springs, California. E. Stewart Williams, architect. Page 7.

Community Church - Palm Springs California Community Church
The Community Church in Palm Springs, California. Dedicated in 1936. Charles Tanner, architect. Northern addition by Harry. J. Williams. Page 8.

Circular Room at Arthur Elrod House by John Lautner - Palm Springs California
The Arthur Elrod House in Palm Springs, California was used in the James Bond film, Diamonds are Forever. John Lautner, architect. Page 11.

Kaufman House by Richard Neutra, Palm Springs, CA
Kaufmann House in Palm Springs, California. 1946. Richard Neutra, architect. Page 14.

Frey House II - Palm Springs Home of Architect Albert Frey
Completed in 1963, Albert Frey's International Style Frey House II is set in the craggy mountainside overlooking Palm Springs, California. Page 13.

The Indian Canyons Golf Club - The Canyon - Palm Springs
Indian Canyons Golf Club, Palm Springs, California. Page 12.

Oasis Hotel in Palm Springs, California
Lloyd Wright, son of the famous Frank Lloyd Wright, designed the Art Deco Oasis Hotel and Tower, located behind the Oasis Commercial Building designed by E. Stewart Williams. The hotel was built in 1925, and the commercial building in 1952. Page 16.

Palm Springs City Hall - Palm Springs California City Hall
City Hall in Palm Springs, California. Started in 1952. Albert Frey, John Porter Clark, Robson Chambers, and E. Stewart Williams, architects. Page 19.

Palm Springs Airport Main Terminal, Palm Springs, California
Designed by architect Donald Wexler, the main terminal of Palm Springs International Airport has a unique tensile structured canopy, conveying a sense of lightness and flight. Started in 1965. Page 17.

Sinatra House by E. Stewart Williams. Palm Springs, California
The Sinatra House in Twin Palms Estates, 1148 Alejo Road, Palm Springs, California. E. Stewart Williams, architect. 1946. Page 21.

Ship of the Desert - Palm Springs California Modern House
Ship of the Desert, a Streamline Moderne home in Palm Springs, California. 1936. Wilson and Webster, architects. Page 20.

Swiss Miss House on Rose Avenue in Palm Springs, California
Photo of a Swiss Miss style house on Rose Avenue in the Vista Las Palmas neighborhood, Palm Springs, California during the mid-20th century. Page 23.

St. Theresa Catholic Church, Palm Springs, California
St. Theresa Catholic Church in Palm Springs, California. 1968. William Cody, architect. Page 22.

Palm Springs Art Museum - Palm Springs Desert Museum. CA
The Palm Springs Art Museum, formerly known as the Palm Springs Desert Museum, Palm Springs, California. 1976. E. Stewart Williams, architect. Page 18.

Del Marcos Hotel - Palm Springs California Del Marcos Hotel
The Del Marcos Hotel in Palm Springs, California. 1947. William F. Cody, architect. Page 9.

Tramway Gas Station, Palm Springs California Visitors Center
The Tramway Gas Station became a landmark of mid-century modernism. See the Tramway Gas Station, now the visitors center for Palm Springs, California. Page 24.

Palm Springs Pictures - Pictures of Buildings in Palm Springs California
Palm Springs, California combines mountain views with an eclectic mix of Spanish Revival and mid-twentieth century modern buildings. Browse this photo gallery for architecture's best.

Palm Springs Pictures - Pictures of Buildings in Palm Springs California
Palm Springs, California combines mountain views with an eclectic mix of Spanish Revival and mid-twentieth century modern buildings. Browse this photo gallery for architecture's best.

Spanish Revival House in Palm Springs, California
Spanish Revival home in Palm Springs, California. Page 25.

Welwood Murray Memorial Library, Palm Springs, California
Welwood Murray Memorial Library in Palm Springs, California. 1940. John Porter Clark, architect. Rear addition in the 1950s by Harry J. Williams. Page 26.

Palm Springs Pictures - Pictures of Buildings in Palm Springs California
Palm Springs, California combines mountain views with an eclectic mix of Spanish Revival and mid-twentieth century modern buildings. Browse this photo gallery for architecture's best.

Royal Hawaiian Estates - Tiki Style Condos in Palm Springs, CA
Architects Donald Wexler and Richard Harrison combined modernist ideas with tiki themes when they designed the Royal Hawaiian Estates condominium complex in south Palm Springs, California. Page 4.

Architecture Tours and Travel
Take a learning vacation! These links lead to information about architecture travel and guided tours to great buildings around the world, with sample itineraries and recommended destinations.

Richard Neutra and the International Style and Desert Modernism
Born in Vienna April 8, 1892 and educated in Europe, Richard Neutra introduced the International Style to America, and also introduced LA design to Europe.

Mies van der Rohe - Modern Architect
Believing that less is more, Mies van der Rohe, born March 27, 1886 in Germany, built rational, minimalist skyscrapers that set the standard for modernist design.

What Is Neo-Miesian
The word Neo-Miesian crops up a lot in articles about the 2011 Pritzker Prize winner. But what does Neo-Miesian mean? Here's the answer.

William Morris, Pioneer of the Arts & Crafts Movement
Familiar textile and furniture designs? Learn about the life and work of Arts & Crafts pioneer William Morris, born in Walthamstow, England, March 24, 1834.

Philip Webb - Arts and Crafts Architecture
Your starting place for exploring the life and works of English architect and designer Philip Webb, who championed the Gothic Revival style and paved the way for the Arts & Crafts movement in architecture.

Sunnylands Rancho Mirage - A Midcentury Modern Retreat
A dream winter residence in southern California - take a short tour of the wealthy Annenberg's midcentury modern estate built in 1966 by A. Quincy Jones.

Sunnylands Interior Atrium
The Atrium of the historic 1966 Sunnylands residence showcases the fine art collection of Walter and Lee Annenberg. Take a brief look at this modern contemporary home by architect A. Quincy Jones.

Sunnylands Interior Living Area
The Living Room of the historic 1966 Sunnylands residence showcases the fine art collection of Walter and Lee Annenberg. Take a brief look at this modern contemporary home by architect A. Quincy Jones.

Sunnylands Golf Course at Rancho Mirage
The nine-hole golf course surrounds the 1966 Annenberg estate at Sunnylands in Rancho Mirage. Learn more about this historic, private course.

Inside Denver International Airport
A visitor to Denver International Airport can experience tensile architecture both aesthetically and structurally. Learn more in this photo overview.

What is Tensile Architecture?
What is tensile architecture? Here's an easy-to-understand explanation, with photographs of examples like the Denver airport.

Three Basic Shapes Typical of Tensile Architecture
Tensile architecture created the undulating, iconic roof line throughout the 1972 Olympic Village in Munich, Germany - a design that was imitated worldwide.

Large in Scale, Light in Weight: Olympic Village, 1972
Munich's 1972 Olympic Park not only showcased German culture, but also German ingenuity and engineering. Learn more about tensile architecture in this photo essay.

Detail of Frei Otto's Tensile Structure in Munich, 1972
Mario Salvadori explains how tensile structures stand up, using German architects and engineers as examples.

German Pavilion at Expo '67, Montreal, Canada
The German Pavilion built for the 1968 Exposition in Montreal, Canada is often cited as the first large-scale tensile structure. Learn more about tension structures.

Ethylene Tetrafluoroethylene or ETFE
Ethylene Tetrafluoroethylene, better known as ETFE, is a big word for a fascinating substance. Find out how ETFE is used in architecture -- most famously at the Beijing Olympics.

Short Profile of Frei Otto, 2015 Pritzker Laureate
German architect Frei Otto, the 2015 Pritzker Laureate, influenced the large-scale use of Tensile Structures, including fabric architecture. Learn more from this short bio.

Michael Graves - Postmodern Architect and Product Designer
Learn about the life and works of postmodern architect Michael Graves, born in Indiana July 9, 1934, and today known for his product designs and whimsical buildings.

How Buildings Stand Up - How Buildings Work - Building Structure and Structural Engineering
Learn how buildings and other structures are made, what materials are used, how buildings stand up, and the techniques engineers and architects use to make buildings resistant to hurricanes, earthquakes, fires, and other forces of nature.

T - Architecture Terms Starting With T - Architecture Dictionary
From our Architecture Dictionary, find definitions for architecture terms and building vocabulary starting with the letter T, including Traditional neighborhood development, Trompe l'oeil, Tudor, and more.

When Women Are Partners
Female partners in architecture firms are often overlooked, yet several famous men and women partnerships have endured. Should they collaborate?

Building for Climate Change, Building Near Water
On March 11, 2011 a wall of water decimated a Japanese village. Tsunamis are not caused by climate change, but nature's power should catch our attention. How do we best design for climate change? Or should we?

Park51 Community Center - What were the intentions?
The Park51 Community Center in Lower Manhattan was to have a swimming pool, fitness center, restaurant, and other facilities for use by everyone. Protests ensued.

Original Plans for Park51, the Ground Zero Mosque
The 2010 preliminary sketches for Park51, the so-called Ground Zero Mosque, presented a bright, airy, white modernist building. Was it smart geometry?

Inside Park51 - Opinions Flew at the 2010 Renderings
Preliminary sketches for the Park51 Community Center promised a sophisticated, elegant 16-story building that combined Islamic motifs with modernist ideas.

Wall Street Architecture at One Wall Street and Broadway
Begin your walk down Wall Street at architect Ralph Walker's 50-story, Art Deco skyscraper in New York's financial district.

Wall Street Security and Occupy Wall Street and Trinity Church
Occupy Wall Street protesters gather nearby, but architectural street security by Rogers Marvel Architects safeguards historic Wall Street.

Wall Street Architecture in New York's Financial District
Explore the architecture of Wall Street in New York City. Here are facts and photos for famous buildings in the powerful center of finance.

Wall Street Architecture: NYSE Corporate HQs - 11 Wall Street
The New York Stock Exchange corporate headquarters architecturally complements the more famous 1903 NYSE building on 18 Broad Street.

Wall Street Architecture - House of Morgan at 23 Wall Street
Learn about the fortress-like J.P. Morgan building on the corner of Wall Street and Broad Street in New York City.

Wall Street Architecture at the Corner, A Hub of History
The Corner at Wall Street and Broad in New York City has architectural treasures and a history of terrorist activity.

Wall Street Architecture - Federal Hall National Memorial
Learn about the historic Federal Hall National Memorial at 26 Wall Street in New York City.

Wall Street Architecture - The Trump Building at 40 Wall Street
The 1930 Manhattan Company building at 40 Wall Street has had its architectural history preserved by Donald Trump. Learn more.

Wall Street Architecture - Classical at 55 Wall Street in NYC
Classical Greek and Roman colonnades provide architectural and visual unity at 55 Wall Street in New York City.

Wall Street Architecture - Art Deco at 120 Wall Street
Architect Ely Jacques Kahn has created a simple and elegant art deco building at the eastern end of Wall Street.

Castles, Fortresses, and Palaces - Fortified Houses
Designs for some of the houses we live in today have been influenced by the great châteaux and manor houses of Europe and the imperial residences of the East. Learn about the world's most remarkable castles, fortresses, and palaces in this architectural photo gallery.

Picture This: Buckingham Palace in London, United Kingdom
The central quadrangle of Buckingham Palace is a surprising feature unseen by most visitors. Learn more about this interesting part of British history and architecture. Page 6.

Picture: Chateau de Versailles, La Grande Galerie des Glaces
The Versailles Treaty that ended World War I was signed in the Galerie des Glaces or Hall of Mirrors. Learn more about this historic room within the Baroque Chateau. Page 7.

Picture This: Kronborg Castle, Hamlet's Elsinore
Learn about castles around the world, including Kronborg in Denmark, considered the location of Shakespeare's play, Hamlet. Page 8.

Picture This: Dunguaire Castle in County Galway, Ireland
Dunguaire Castle in Kinvara, County Galway, Ireland, included in a select photo gallery of castles around the world.

Picture This: Johnstown Castle in Ireland
Johnstown Castle is a Victorian recreation of medieval architecture. The turreted home was built between 1810 and 1855. Page 2.

Neuschwanstein, the Victorian Palace of Mad King Ludwig
Explore the fanciful Victorian Palace, Neuschwanstein Castle, built during the 19th century for the King of Bavaria, known as Mad King Ludwig. Page 4.

Picture This: Rock of Cashel in Ireland
Ancient Celtic Kings ruled from the Rock of Cashel in County Tipperary, Ireland - one of a select photo gallery of castles around the world. Page 5.

Picture This: Tully Castle in County Fermanagh, Ireland
In the 1600s, inhabitants of Tully Castle were imprisoned in its vaults, and the stronghouse was turned to ruins. Learn about castles around the world. Page 3.

Classic Florida Style
Architects and designers promote Florida's natural beauty. Learn more about Classic Florida Style from the Miami-based firm of Taylor & Taylor.

Julia Morgan - Architect of Hearst Castle
California-born Julia Morgan, designer of Hearst Castle, was the first woman to be awarded the AIA's Gold Medal. The architect's organization recognized her work in 2014, although Morgan was born January 20, 1872.

Urban Design and Landscape Architecture
Explore the world of landscape architecture and urban design. Here are top resources for learning about planning public spaces, including parks, streetscapes, and entire communities.

Debris Netting Shrouds New York's "Ground Zero Mosque"
The 2010 plans for a

Bungalow House Definition
Learn the ins and outs of bungalows and bungalow revival homes in America -- your starting point for all things bungalow.

Bungalow With Gabled Front Porch
This colorful bungalow in Texas has a a gabled porch in front. View photos of American Bungalows and learn about bungaloid architecture. Page 26.

Colorful Texas Bungalow
From our photo gallery, picture of a colorful bungalow in Texas, with facts about Craftsman architecture. Page 5.

Chalet Bungalow
Learn about the charming Swiss Chalet style of bungalow.

Pink California Bungalow
From our photo gallery, picture of a pink California Bungalow in Sacramento, CA. Page 2.

Gable-front Bungalow
From our photo gallery, picture of a Craftsman Bungalow with a large gable facing the front. Page 24.

Sacramento Craftsman Bungalow
From our photo gallery, picture of a craftsman bungalow in Sacramento, California. Page 7.

Sacramento Bungalow Picture
From our photo gallery, picture of a Sacramento, CA bungalow home. Page 4.

Craftsman Bungalow
Photo of a Craftsman Bungalow with a traditional low, sloping roof. Page 21.

Art Moderne Bungalow
From our photo gallery, picture of an Art Moderne Bungalow. Page 12.

Colonial Revival Bungalow
Colonial Revival bungalows of the early 20th century combined simplicity with elegance. Learn about the Colonial Revival Bungalow house style. Page 25.

California Bungalow
The Bungalows that evolved in California set the standard for bungaloid architecture across the USA. Learn about the California Bungalow house style. Page 6.

Idaho Craftsman Bungalow
Picture of a Craftsman Bungalow in Idaho, from our photo gallery of bungalow types and styles. Page 11.

Craftsman Bungalow Gables and Rafters
From our photo gallery, picture of gables and rafters on a Craftsman Bungalow. Page 17.

Mediterranean Style Bungalow
From our bungalow photo gallery, picture of a Mediterranean style bungalow. Page 15.

Spanish Bungalow
Learn about Spanish Revival bungalows and other popular bungalow styles. Page 10.

Sacramento Bungalow Porch
This Craftsman Bungalow in Sacramento has a wide porch with square pillars. Page 14.

Simple Sacramento Bungalow
From our photo gallery, picture of a small, simple bungalow in Sacramento, CA. Page 9.

Earthy colors on a Sacramento California Bungalow
From our bungalow photo gallery, picture of a bungalow in Sacramento, CA painted earthy colors. Page 13.

Stone Bungalow in Sacramento
From our photo gallery, picture of a bungalow house with a rugged stone foundation. Page 16.

Craftsman Cottage
This Craftsman bungalow has rustic stone details. Page 3.

Painted Craftsman Bungalow
Picture of a Craftsman Bungalow painted non-traditional blue. Page 23.

Craftsman Details
Photo of a bungalow house with Craftsman handiwork. Page 18.

Craftsman Bungalow Porch Pillars
Picture of a Craftsman Bungalow with thick, round porch pillars. Page 22.

Stucco-sided Bungalow
From our bungalow photo gallery, picture of a stucco-sided bungalow. Page 8.

Chicago Bungalow
Learn about the distinctive bungalow architecture of Chicago. Page 19.

Queen Anne Bungalow
See a bungalow that has been remodeled to resemble a Victorian Queen Anne cottage. Page 20.

Bungalow Pictures
From our photo gallery, pictures of bungalow houses, including Craftsman Bungalows and other popular bungaloid types.

Bungalow Pictures
From our photo gallery, pictures of bungalow houses, including Craftsman Bungalows and other popular bungaloid types.

Bungalow Pictures
From our photo gallery, pictures of bungalow houses, including Craftsman Bungalows and other popular bungaloid types.

Building Plans for Bungalows
Buy reproductions of original Bungalow house plan catalogs, find bungalow plans online, and find resources for bungalow facts and photos.

Short Bio of America's Black Architect, Robert R. Taylor
Born June 8, 1868 in North Carolina, Robert Robinson Taylor has long been associated with Tuskegee Institute in Alabama, but his academics came from Boston. Learn more.

House Styles and Architectural Details
Learn how to identify house styles and find the tips and tools you need to learn about the unique architectural features of your home.

B - Architecture Terms Starting With B - Architecture Dictionary
From our Architecture Dictionary, find definitions for architecture terms and building vocabulary starting with the letter B, including Bargeboard, Balustrade, Battlement, and more.

Frank Gehry's First and Only Australian Project - Go Sydney
Pritzker Laureate Frank Gehry designed one building for Australia, and its classrooms were filled in 2015. Learn more about the Business Building at UTS.

The Main Lobby of this Building is Pure Gehryland
The main lobby entryway in this Australian school is stainless steel Frank Gehry. Explore interiors and exteriors of this interesting Sydney building.

Gehry's West Facing UTS Business Building
Frank Gehry designed the 2015 Business School at UTS with two facades of highly different materials. The result should please all senses.

A Closer Look at the Gehry East Face Curve (UTS 2015)
Examine the brick facade of Frank Gehry's UTS Business School building in Sydney, Australia. The effect is soft waves of hard brick.

Inside a Gehry Classroom at University of Technology Sydney
Explore a classroom at the University of Technology Sydney, Frank Gehry's

Who thinks Frank Gehry can't be Traditional?
Frank Gehry's first building in Australia is a mix of tradition and Gehry stylings. Explore the Dr Chau Chak Wing Building in Sydney, inside and out.

The Student Common Areas in Gehry's Australian Building
Explore interior spaces in Frank Gehry's first building built in Australia, the Dr Chau Chak Wing Building in Sydney.

Gehry's Inside/Outside Modeling at UT Sidney
Frank Gehry designed open, interior stairways of natural wood for his first building built in Australia. Learn more about this building in Sydney.

Gehry's Design Idea: The Tree House
Architect Frank Gehry designed the Dr Chau Chak Wing Building in Sydney as he would a tree -- organic, multi-ringed, and textured. Learn more.

Architecture in Australia and Oceania - Great Buildings in Australia and Oceania
The vast lands in the southern hemisphere are home to some of the world's most interesting architecture. Explore the architecture of Australia, New Zealand, and islands of the South Pacific, or Oceania.

Fisher Center at Bard College by Frank Gehry - Theater by Frank Gehry
The unusual shape of Frank Gehry's Fisher Center at Bard College grew out of the design for the two interior theaters. Page 9.

Gehry House in Santa Monica California - Frank Gehry Buildings
Architect Frank Gehry used corrugated metal and chain link when he constructed his home in Santa Monica, California. Page 10.

The Experience Music Project (EMP) in Seattle, WA
Frank Gehry's high-tech design embraces Seattle's interactive museum dedicated to rock 'n roll, science fiction, and popular culture. Page 11.

The IAC Building by Frank Gehry
The IAC Building is architect Frank Gehry's first New York building. It is located in the Chelsea neighborhood of Manhattan. Page 3.

MARTa Museum by Frank Gehry
The Gehry-designed MARTa museum in Herford, Germany offers 2,500 square meters of exhibition space. Learn more about Gehry's works. Page 5.

Maggie's Centre in Scotland designed by Frank Gehry
The Maggie's Centre at the Ninewells Hospital in Dundee, Scotland is a cancer care facility. It was designed free of charge by architect Frank Gehry. Page 4.

Jay Pritzker Music Pavilion by Frank Gehry
The Jay Pritzker Music Pavilion in Chicago. Designed by Frank Gehry. Page 6.

Ray and Maria Stata Center by Frank Gehry - Frank Gehry and the Stata Center
The Ray and Maria Stata Center, designed by Frank Gehry, is an odd jumble of lopsided buildings. The Center houses three departments at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in Cambridge. Page 7.

Weisman Art Museum by Frank Gehry
The Frederick R. Weisman Art Museum is the prototype design for many of architect Frank Gehry's future works. The curvy, stainless steel facade at the University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, was the first. Page 8.

Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao Spain by architect Frank Gehry
The Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao, Spain ensured a place in building design history for architect Frank Gehry.

Dr Chau Chak Wing Building in Sydney. Australia
From our photo gallery of great works by architect Frank Gehry: a surreal, crinkled design for the Dr Chau Chak Wing Building, coined the

Disney Concert Hall by Frank Gehry
The stainless steel Walt Disney Concert Hall by Frank Gehry takes advantage of the Los Angeles, California sunshine, providing heat and light for the community. Learn more about this controversial performing arts venue. Page 2.

Photos of Buildings by Frank Gehry
Photo gallery of great buildings by architect Frank Gehry, with information about the buildings and the architect.

Skyscrapers of China: China World Trade Center, Beijing
Learn more about Beijing's World Trade Center, designed by the American firm who had a hand in the New York World Trade Center. You think NYC has smog?

Skyscrapers of China: Bank of China Tower, Hong Kong
One of the first skyscrapers to be built outside the US, the Bank of China Tower in Hong Kong is still one of the tallest structures in the world. Ask I.M. Pei.

Skyscrapers of China: Shanghai Tower
At 2,073 feet tall, the Shanghai Tower is the city's first tall building with a twist. Learn more about this and other skyscrapers in Shanghai's business district.

Skyscrapers of China: Guangzhou International Finance Center
Built near the Pearl River, the GZIFC skyscraper helped transform Canton's central business district into the modern Zhujiang New Town. Find out more.

Skyscrapers of China: Pagoda and Zifeng Tower, Nanjing
China has been a country of tall buildings for hundreds of years. Today, it is home to the world's tallest skyscrapers, like the Zifeng Tower in Nanjing. Learn more.

Skyscrapers of China: KK100 Shenzhen, Guangdong
In 2011, Kingkey 100 became the tallest building in Shenzhen, China. Learn more about the skyscrapers of China.

Louis Vuitton Foundation Museum, 2014
A 45-minute MRI brain scan inspired Frank Gehry's second building in Paris, the glass-walled Louis Vuitton Foundation Museum. Compare it to Gehry's earlier American Center in Paris.

The American Center in Paris, Frank Gehry, 1994
How does Frank Gehry's first building in Paris architecturally compare with his second? Twenty years can make a lot of difference in design.

Architecture in Asia - Great Buildings in Asia
Explore the architecture of Cambodia, China, Japan, Korea, Singapore, India, Pakistan, and other countries on the Asian continent. Here are facts and photos.

Wang Shu: Decay of a Dome Exhibit, 2010, Venice, Italy
Decay of a Dome Exhibit (Installation in Venice), 2010, Venice, Italy, by 2012 Pritzker winner Wang Shu

Wang Shu Architecture Projects
Discover a decade of architecture by Pritzker Prize Laureate Wang Shu, and see why the Pritzker jury selected this Chinese architect in 2012.

Wang Shu: Ningbo Tengtou Pavilion, Shanghai Expo, 2010
Ningbo Tengtou Pavilion, Shanghai Expo, 2010, Shanghai, China, by 2012 Pritzker winner Wang Shu

Wang Shu: Library of Wenzheng College, Suzhou, China
The Library of Wenzheng College, 1999-2000, Suzhou, China, by 2012 Pritzker winner Wang Shu.

Wang Shu: Contemporary Art Museum, Ningbo, China
Ningbo Contemporary Art Museum, 2001-2005, Ningbo, China, by 2012 Pritzker winner Wang Shu

Wang Shu: Vertical Courtyard Apartments, Hangzhou, China
Vertical Courtyard Apartments, 2002-2007, Hangzhou, China, by 2012 Pritzker winner Wang Shu

Wang Shu: Five Scattered Houses, Ningbo, China
Five Scattered Houses, 2003-2006, Ningbo, China, by 2012 Pritzker winner Wang Shu

Wang Shu: Ceramic House, Jinhua, China
When designing Ceramic House, 2003-2006, in Jinhua, Chinese architect Wang Shu drew inspiration from a centuries old ink stone from the Song Dynasty.

Wang Shu: Ningbo History Museum, Ningbo, China
Ningbo History Museum, 2003-2008, Ningbo, China, by 2012 Pritzker winner Wang Shu

Wang Shu: Xiangshan Campus, Academy of Art, Hangzhou
Xiangshan Campus, China Academy of Art, 2004-2007, Hangzhou, China, by 2012 Pritzker winner Wang Shu

Wang Shu: Tiled Garden, 2010, 10th Venice Biennale
Tiled Garden, 2010, 10th Venice Biennale of Architecture, Venice, Italy, by 2012 Pritzker winner Wang Shu

Black Architects Who Helped Build America
Discover the rich heritage of Black architects who achieved important accomplishments in the USA, even while facing enormous obstacles.

Black Architects Who Helped Build America
Discover the rich heritage of Black architects who achieved important accomplishments in the USA, even while facing enormous obstacles.

Minnesota Capitol - Capitol building St. Paul, Minnesota
Since January 2, 1905, the Minnesota State Capitol has been a model of modern technologies within stately, classic design. How did the young Cass Gilbert pull it off?

Architecture of Beitucheng Station in Beijing, China
Picture of Beitucheng Station, the transfer station of Line 10 and the Olympic Branch Line, in Beijing, China. Page 7.

Olympic Forest Park South Gate Station in Beijing China
Beijing opened the Olympic Branch subway line for the 2008 Beijing Summer Olympics. Look familiar? Page 6.

T3 Terminal at the Beijing Capital International Airport
Terminal building T3 (Terminal Three) at the Beijing Capital International Airport is one of the largest and most advanced airport terminals in the world. Designed by Norman Foster for the 2008 Olympics. Page 5.

China Central Television - CCTV Building - in Beijing
The new CCTV building is one of the largest office buildings in the world. The Koolhaas design is one of several bold new structures constructed for the Beijing Olympics. Page 4.

Beijing Olympic Stadium - National Stadium Roof Structure
A mesh of steel bands forms the dome of the National Stadium in Beijing, the Olympic Stadium built for the 2008 Summer Olympics.

Donchang'an Jie Shopping Centre in Beijing, China
Photo of Donchang'an Jie Shopping Centre in Beijing, China. Page 8.

Architecture of the Beijing National Centre for Performing Arts
An elliptical dome covers the National Centre for the Performing Arts in Beijing. The theater is one of several bold new designs constructed for the Beijing Olympics. Page 3.

National Centre for the Performing Arts in Beijing
The titanium and glass National Centre for the Performing Arts in Beijing is informally called The Egg - a bold new design constructed for the Beijing Olympics. Page 2.

Modern Architecture in Beijing China
Bold new buildings gave China a dramatic new look for the 2008 Summer Olympic Games in Beijing. Join us for a photo tour of the new modern architecture that has changed the face of an ancient land.

Fast Facts About Taipei 101 Tower in Taiwan
Learn about the record-breaking Taipei 101 Tower in Taipei, Taiwan. Its elevator can make your ears pop!

Louis I. Kahn Modernist Architect
Born in Estonia February 20, 1901, architect Louis I. Kahn influenced generations with his modernist designs, making him one of the great architects of the 20th century. Learn more.

What is a facade, and how to you pronounce it?
One of the most-used terms in our Architecture Glossary -- What is a facade, and how do you pronounce it?

J Max Bond Jr - New York Architect
Black American architect J. Max Bond, Jr. played an important role in developing the National 9/11 Museum in New York. Learn about his life and works.

F - Architecture Terms Starting With F - Architecture Dictionary
From our Architecture Dictionary, find definitions for architecture terms and building vocabulary starting with the letter F, including Fanlight, Flying buttress, Formalism, Foursquare, Frieze, and more.

US Supreme Court Building by Cass Gilbert
Architect Cass Gilbert built the Gothic Woolworth skyscraper, yet he looked to ancient Rome to design the US Supreme Court Building. Tour the architecture of the highest court.

The US Supreme Court Building - Main Entrance
Sixteen marble Corinthian columns support the pediment of the main entrance of the Supreme Court Building.

The US Supreme Court Building - Western Pediment
In the western pediment of the US Supreme Court Building, sculptures by Robert Aitken represent Liberty guarded by figures who represent Order and Authority.

The US Supreme Court Building - Contemplation of Justice Sculpture
On either side of the main steps of the Supreme Court Building are seated marble figures.

The US Supreme Court Building - Guardian of Law Sculpture
On the right side of the main entrance to the Supreme Court Building is a male figure by sculptor James Earle Fraser.

The US Supreme Court Building - East Entrance
Tourists don't often see the back, east side, of the Supreme Court Building. Or do they?

The US Supreme Court Building - East Pediment
The sculptures in the eastern pediment of the US Supreme Court Building were carved by Herman A. McNeil.

Facts About The US Supreme Court Building
The US Supreme Court Building was the last project of Cass Gilbert's career and was a team effort by members of his firm.

The Trading Floor, Inside the NYSE
The interior design of the NYSE trading floor area makes use of natural light from George Post's 1903 architectural design.

The Relationship Between the NYSE and Wall Street
Examine the neo-classical architecture of the 1903 New York Stock Exchange building in New York City -- a photographic essay about this historic building.

Broad Street front of the 1903 New York Stock Exchange
The Broad Street facade of the 1903 New York Stock Exchange building in New York City is described in a photographic essay about this historic building.

The grand portico of the 1903 New York Stock Exchange
The temple-like portico of the 1903 New York Stock Exchange building on Broad Street in New York City is described in a photographic essay about this historic building.

Corinthean columns on facade of the NY Stock Exchange
Roman-inspired architecture of the 1903 New York Stock Exchange building on Broad Street in New York City includes a colonnade or row of classical columns.

Triangular Pediment on Portico of 1903 NY Stock Exchange
A classical pediment is described in an architectural photographic essay about the 1903 New York Stock Exchange building on Broad Street in New York City.

High-Relief Symbolic Statues within the Pediment of NYSE


The Wall of Windows behind the Colonnade of NYSE Building
In 1903, a wall of glass, a window curtain, provided natural light to the interior of the New York Stock Exchange building on Broad Street in New York City.

The Modern New York Stock Exchange Building of 1903
An historic 1910 photograph shows the neoclassic architecture of the 1903 New York Stock Exchange building on Broad Street in New York City.

Illustration of second empire architecture of the new york stock exchange from 1865 until 1901
Compare the architecture of the 1865 New York Stock Exchange building on Broad Street in New York City with the 1903 neo-classical design.

New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) Building: Architecture
Learn about the neo-classical architecture of the 1903 New York Stock Exchange building in New York City - a photographic essay about this historic building.

Heartbreak Houses - Romantic Homes With Sad Stories
So much love went into these romantic homes, but each is shrouded with tragedy. Read the sad stories and see photos.

Sacred Buildings - Barcelona Cathedral in Barcelona, Spain
The Cathedral of Santa Eulalia (also called La Seu) in Barcelona is both Gothic and Victorian. Learn more. Page 28.

Sacred Buildings - Neue Synagogue or New Syhagogue in Berlin, Germany
Explore the 1995 Neue Synagogue in the heart of Berlin's once large Jewish district.

Sacred Buildings - the Old-new Synagogue in Prague
The medieval Old-New Synagogue (Altneuschul) in Josefov, the Jewish quarter of Prague, is one of Europe's oldest synagogues. Page 14.

Sacred Buildings - Sacred Heart Church, Roscommon, Ireland
Built during the Victorian era, Sacred Heart Church is lavished with Gothic Revival details. Learn more. Page 23.

Sacred Buildings - Stone Church in Glendalough, Ireland
Glendalough, Ireland has a monastery founded by St. Kevin, a hermit monk, in the early 600s and several old churches like this one. Page 26.

Sacred Buildings - Boston's Trinity Church by architect Henry Hobson Richardson
New Orleans architect Henry Hobson Richardson designed a church for Boston that would change the face of architecture throughout the U.S. Learn more about Trinity Church. Page 36.

Sacred Temples in Angkor, Cambodia
Ancient temples found in Angkor, Cambodia date back to the 800s. Explore this historic wonder. Page 12.

Sacred Buildings - Bagsvaerd Church in Denmark
Explore the innovative Bagsvaerd Church in Denmark, designed by architect Jørn Utzon. Page 6.

Sacred Structures - Cristo Redentor or Christ Redeemer Statue in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
The Christ Redeemer statue in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil is locally called Cristo Redentor. Built for the times in 1931, the iconic statuary is the architecture of protection. Page 20.

Sacred Buildings - Hagia Sophia in Istanbul and Byzantine Architecture
See photos and find information for Hagia Sophia in Istanbul, Turkey which has inspired builders through the centuries. Page 8.

Sacred Buildings - Kiyomizu Temple in Kyoto, Japan
Explore the beautiful and serene Kiyomizu Temple in Kyoto, Japan. Page 16.

Sacred Buildings - Rumbach Synagogue in Budapest, Hungary
Designed by architect Otto Wagner, Rumbach Synagogue in Budapest, Hungary is Moorish in design. Page 11.

Sacred Buildings - Chapel of Saint Peter Campos de Jordão
Discover the modernist Chapel of Saint Peter Campos de Jordão SP Brazil designed Paulo Mendes da Rocha . Page 9.

Sacred Buildings - Church of the Transfiguration in Russia
Made of wood without a single nail, Russia's Church of the Transfiguration has 22 onion shaped domes. Learn more. Page 19.

Sacred Buildings - Hassan II Mosque in Casablanca, Morocco
Discover the enormous Hassan II Mosque in Casablanca, Morocco. Page 18.

Sacred Buildings - Kizhi Wooden Churches in Russia
Discover the centuries-old wooden churches on the island of Kizhi in Russia. Page 27.

Sacred Buildings - La Sagrada Familia or Holy Family Church, by Gaudi
See La Sagrada Familia, Antoni Gaudi's uncompleted masterpiece. Page 25.

Sacred Buildings - Smolny Cathedral in St. Petersburg, Russia
Explore the lavish Rococo style Smolny Cathedral in St. Petersburg, Russia. Page 13.

Sacred Buildings - St. Basil's Cathedral in Moscow, Russia
St. Basil's Cathedral in Moscow, Russia combines the architecture of the East and West. Learn more. Page 21.

Sacred Buildings - Al Kadhimain Mosque, Baghdad, Iraq
Explore the stunning Al-Kadhimiya Mosque in Baghdad, Iraq. Page 7.

Sacred Buildings - Assumption Cathedral in Moscow
Learn about Moscow's Assumption Cathedral (the Cathedral of the Dormition) and its glittering onion domes. Page 17.

Teaching About Architecture, Grades 6-12 +
Architecture is an interdisciplinary pursuit. Here is a suggested six week curriculum outlining architecture basics for students in upper grades.

Definition of Production Home Builder
What do we mean when we speak of a Production Home Builder? What do these builders do, and how do their services differ from those of an architect?

CAD and BIM Definitions With Examples
The future of architecture lies in CAD and BIM technologies. Learn the meaning of these acronyms and find examples and resources.

Careers in Architecture (Salaries and Income)
These resources and surveys reveal the average income for architects in the United States.

Books for Architecture Students
From Vitruvius to Frank Lloyd Wright, experts in architecture require a range of knowledge. If you're planning to study architecture, planning, and design, you'll want to begin here.

Books About Urban Design
Must-Read Books About Urban Design: the classic texts on urban planning, urban design, and New Urbanism.

Add Storage to Your Old House - Renovate an Old House
Create or find extra storage space in the nooks and crannies of your old house.

Preserve the Charm of Your Old House - Renovate an Old House
As you update your older home, make sure to preserve its historic details. Details that have been stripped should be sought out and replaced.

Renovate an Old House - Should You Modernize Your Old House
As you renovate your old house, you may wonder how much you should modernize.

Remodel Your Victorian House - Renovate an Old House
Old-house remodelers are often tempted to remove walls and enlarge small Victorian rooms.

Open Rooms in Your Old House - Renovate an Old House
An open interior is what Wright would suggest. When you renovate your old house, don't remove entire walls. Instead, cut openings or archways.

Build an Addition to Your Old House - Renovate an Old House
When you renovate your old house, always make sure that your new addition is compatible with the architecture of the existing house.

Re-purpose Rooms in Your Old House - Renovate an Old House
Think creatively about different ways to use existing rooms in your old house. Sometimes a space can be re-purposed with very little remodeling.

Renovating Your Victorian House, An Introduction
How can you update a charming Victorian house without spoiling its charm? Follow this short step-by-step guide for some ideas.

Historic House Plans from Victorian Homes
During Victorian times, many builders found ideas, inspiration, and instruction from architectural plan books. Here are our top picks from the 1800s.

Pictures and History of Gothic Revival Architecture
Join us for a photo tour of Gothic Revival architecture in England and the United States.

Gothic Styles and Queen Anne
See how Gothic Revival blended with other architectural styles

Romantic Gothic Revival
The earliest Gothic Revival buildings resembled architecture from medieval England. They had delicate wooden ornaments.

High Victorian Gothic Revival
High Victorian Gothic architecture of the 19th century was as lavish as 14th century Gothic of the Middle Ages. Learn about this new Gothic vision.

The Gothic Revival Lyndhurst Estate
Lynhurst estate is an example of lavish Gothic Revival architecture. Learn about the architectural style in the U.S.

Brick Gothic Revival
During the 1800s in the U.S., many Victorian era stone and brick homes had Gothic Revival details.

Gothic Revival Farmhouses
Even modest wooden farmhouses can have fanciful Gothic Revival details.

Carpenter Gothic
Carpenter Gothic houses have faniciful details. See pictures.

Gothic Cottages
Learn about the charming Gothic Revival cottages found in rural parts of the USA.

Wedding Cake House in Kennebunk Maine
Is the Wedding Cake House in Kennebunk, Maine really

Victorian Period Architecture (1840-1900)
You know your house is a Victorian...but, what style is it? This handy guide to Victorian house styles has facts and photos.

Dehumanization of Man in an Industrial Age
Learn more about the theory that mechanization dehumanizes, a belief of the 19th century philosopher and social critic John Ruskin.

The Relevant Mr. Ruskin
The themes in the writings of critic John Ruskin resonate as much today as they did in the 1800s. Explore some of Ruskin's philosophies, in his own words.

John Ruskin: Artistry and Honesty of the Hand-Crafted
John Ruskin wrote often about man's creativity, that hand-crafted artistry was the honest and true form of architecture. Hear, in his own words.

Ruskin's Rage Against the Machine
Are today's homeowners too quick to apply any manufactured materials to their homes? John Ruskin may make us pause. Hear, in his own words.

What is Architecture: Ruskin's Lamp of Memory
Should we build prefabricated, machine-made houses just because that's all we can afford? Learn more from John Ruskin, England's 19th century top critic.

John Ruskin's Legacy
England's most famous critic of the 19th century spent his last years at Brantwood, in the Lake District. Find out if John Ruskin ever fell into obscurity.

Lighting Design Challenges & Lessons in Washington, DC
Since its official opening on October 9, 1888, the Washington Monument has challenged lighting designers. Here are some illuminating solutions for tricky architecture.

Abraham Lincoln's First and Only Owned Home
Was Abraham Lincoln an architect? Lincoln's home in Springfield, Illinois went through years of remodeling, which poses challenges for preservationists.

Floor Plan of Lincoln's Home in Springfield, Illinois
The floor plan of Lincoln's Home in Springfield, Illinois helps us understand the many renovations made to the house from 1844 until 1861.

Lincoln Home Detail, Springfield, Illinois
The Lincoln Home in Springfield, Illinois gives us ample opportunity to discover the mysteries and challenges involved in caring for an older home.

Architecture and Social Studies
Use this directory to find ideas and general resources for combining social studies, geography and history lessons with discussion of architecture and building design. Teaching aids for all ages.

Feng Shui and Your House's Architecture
Can the architecture of a building really affect the energy within? Feng Shui expert practitioner Master Lam Kam Chuen will make you a believer.

Lessons and Activities For Architecture
Teachers and parents will love these architecture lesson plans and activities. Students can also use them to plan school projects that incorporate math, science, art, social studies, and language arts.

Repair and Restoration Problems and Solutions and Tools and Tricks
Follow these links for help with common repair and restoration problems, including painting damaged wood, restoring stucco, and repairing mortar. Also be sure to explore our Historic Preservation resources for more information about the care of older buildings.

Architecture is Memory
Memorials to 9/11 victims are sometimes grand and sometimes simple, but always powerful. It just may be because of the power of memories. Ponder this.

Outdoor Super Bowls, Levi's Stadium, Santa Clara, California
Levi's Stadium in Santa Clara, California may be the newest Super Bowl stadium -- and the greenest. Learn more about the outdoor theaters of American football.

Outdoor Super Bowls, the Orange Bowl in Miami
The Orange Bowl is one of the few Super Bowls that have been torn down. Yet when it lived, it lived for football. Learn more about these open-air, outdoor stadia.

Outdoor Super Bowls, Rice Stadium, Houston, Texas
Rice University hosted one Super Bowl, but the 1974 game was enough to put Houston on the map. Learn more about open-air, outdoor stadia.

Outdoor Super Bowls, MetLife Stadium in New Jersey
One of America's newer open-air football arenas, MetLife Stadium in New Jersey is high-tech, even if it has no roof. See more topless Super Bowl stadia.

Outdoor Super Bowl, Raymond James Stadium, Tampa, FL
Argh to this outdoor Super Bowl Stadium. Did the Financial Services firm Raymond James know what they were in for? Learn more.

Open-Air Super Bowls, Dolphin Stadium, Miami, Florida
Florida has hosted more Super Bowls than any other state. In an open-air stadium, you can't beat the weather. Learn more about these outdoor arenas.

Outdoor Super Bowls, Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum, CA
The first Super Bowl was played in an iconic, classically historic venue. Learn more about the LA Coliseum and other open-air, outdoor stadia.

Outdoor Super Bowls, Rose Bowl, Pasadena, California
Choose sunny southern California for a mid-winter Super Bowl game, and you can't beat Rose Bowl Stadium. Learn more about open-air, outdoor stadia.

Stadium and Arena Sports Architecture
Architects face special challenges when they design large structures for sports and special events like concerts, conventions, and theatrical performances. In addition to designing the seating for optimal views and sound, the architect must provide for access and parking, rest rooms, meeting halls, and efficient flow of pedestrian traffic. And today's fans demand high technology.

Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum, an Olympic Super Bowl
Learn about the very first Super Bowl Stadium, the LA Coliseum, classical architecture modeled after the Colosseum in ancient Rome.

LA Memorial Coliseum as Olympic Stadium, 1932
The Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum was a 20th century icon long before becoming site of the first Super Bowl in 1967. Learn more about this great stadium.

A Classical Peristyle Memorial at the LA Coliseum
The classical peristyle defines the grandeur of the LA Memorial Coliseum. Learn more about this 20th century iconic outdoor arena.

Classical Super Bowl at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum
Learn more about the first Super Bowl stadium, the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum.

What is a balcony? It's all in the definition.
How a balcony is defined determines what it is. Here's a common definition that you can use, with cautions to what others may try to sell you.

Ecohabit - Solar home entry to 2013 Solar Decathlon Competition
The students from Stevens Institute of Technology designed a New Jersey solar home that tries to address all facets of sustainability. See it here.

LISI - Solar home entry to 2013 Solar Decathlon Competition
Students from Vienna, Austria traveled to California to enter the 2013 USDOE Solar Decathlon. See their First Place LISI design.

Harvest Home - Solar home entry to 2013 Solar Decathlon Competition
Harvest Home is designed to harvest and replenish natural resources like the sun's energy. See the 7th place entry to the 2013 USDOE Solar Decathlon.

ECHO - Solar home entry to 2013 Solar Decathlon Competition
Students from Ontario, Canada joined forces to design a house that echoes into the future. See their sixth place 2013 Solar Decathlon entry.

ADAPT - Solar home entry to 2013 Solar Decathlon Competition
El Paso, Texas students designed a solar home suited for the Desert Southwest.See their entry to the 2013 USDOE Solar Decathlon competition.

fluxHome - Solar home entry to 2013 Solar Decathlon Competition
Southern California students designed an accessible, low-cost home for the 2013 Solar Decathlon. See it here.

PEAK - Solar home entry to 2013 Solar Decathlon Competition
West Virginia students take their Appalachian Knowledge to the 2013 USDOE Solar Decathlon.

Radiant House - Solar home entry to 2013 Solar Decathlon Competition
Students from Santa Clara University claim that their Radiant House is driven by three E's - efficiency, economics, and elegance.

DALE - Solar home entry to 2013 Solar Decathlon Competition
The Dynamic Augmented Living Environment created by students from SCI Architecture and Caltech moves on rails.

The Start.Home - Solar home entry to 2013 Solar Decathlon Competition
The students of Stanford University say their Start.Home is easy prefab solar design, competing in the 2013 USDOE Solar Decathlon. Learn more.

Borealis - Solar home entry to 2013 Solar Decathlon Competition
The challenges of solar home design for remote northern environs was met by a Canadian Solar Decathlon 2013 team. Learn about their Borealis house.

InSite - Solar home entry to 2013 Solar Decathlon Competition
The Middlebury College Solar Decathlon 2013 team created a solar home for local living. Learn about their plan for private and public space.

Chameleon House - Solar home entry to 2013 Solar Decathlon Competition
An adaptable exterior skin is the chameleon feature of this solar house, designed by students from Missouri for the 2013 USDOE Solar Decathlon.

The Delta T-90 - Solar home entry to 2013 Solar Decathlon Competition
Norwich University students designed a high-performance, Vermont-built, solar-powered dwelling to compete in the 2013 USDOE Solar Decathlon.

SHADE - Solar home entry to 2013 Solar Decathlon Competition
Check out the solar designs created by nineteen teams from universities around the world for the USDOE 2013 Solar Decathlon.

AIR House - Solar home entry to 2013 Solar Decathlon Competition
The Czech Technical University transported their AIR house from Prague to California for the USDOE 2013 Solar Decathlon competition. How did they do?

The Phoenix House - Entry to 2013 Solar Decathlon Competition
Students from Louisville, Ball State, and Kentucky designed a solar disaster relief home for the 2013 USDOE Solar Decathlon. Learn more.

UrbanEden - Solar home entry to 2013 Solar Decathlon Competition
Students from the University of North Carolina at Charlotte chose an urban solar design to compete in the 2013 USDOE Solar Decathlon. Learn more.

DesertSol - Solar home entry to 2013 Solar Decathlon Competition
The Mojave Desert sun is the focus of DesertSol, the solar house entry to the 2013 USDOE Solar Decathlon by students from Nevada Las Vegas.

What is a gable?
From our architecture dictionary, definition for the term Gable with links for learning more about gable roof styles.

What Is a Gargoyle
A gargoyle is much more than a grotesque creature. Learn the meaning of gargoyle and see gargoyle photos.

Transforming Brownfields: A Case Study of Green Ideas in London 2012
A contaminated, neglected suburb of London was transformed into a sustainable Olympic Park. What Green Ideas did the London 2012 Olympics give us?

Universal Design - How to Build for Accessibility
Universal design means creating spaces that meet the needs of all people, young and old, able and disabled. Listed here are a few general concepts.

How Did Architecture Become a Licensed Profession?
Architecture is ancient, but architects were not formally licensed until the mid 1800s. Learn how architecture became an organized profession.

Designing the Sydney Opera House
Trace an architect's geometric idea to its architectural reality by examining Jørn Utzon's Sydney Opera House, which opened October 20, 1973 in Australia.

Quaint Post Office in Bald Head Island, North Carolina
With front porch rocking chairs inviting its patrons, the post office on Bald Head Island is a typical gathering place for North Carolina citizens.

Post-War Post Office in Russell, Kansas
Why does this building look so familiar? The post office in Russell, Kansas is a good example of a mid-twentieth century stock design often used.

Federal Architecture in Middlebury, Vermont
The colonial revival or classical modern design of the Middlebury, Vermont post office is similar to many others found throughout the U.S.

Preserved Post Office in Mineral Wells, Texas
The old Mineral Wells post office, built in the early twentieth century, displays the dignified classical architecture of a federal building. Closed as a post office in 1959, the building was given to the community to be used for other purposes. Preservation and reuse should be part of every city's urban plan.

Historic 1916 Post Office in Miles City, Montana
This federal building in Miles City, Montana offers architecture of simple dignity worthy of historic preservation.

Post Office Since 1816 in Hinsdale, New Hampshire
The Hinsdale, NH post office is the oldest continuously working U.S. Post Office in the same building. People have gathered here since 1816.

Old City Post Office in New York City
For many years, the City Post Office in New York City has been called the largest post office in the U.S. What is its future?

Historic U.S. Post Office In Colorado
Built during the Great Depression, the Renaissance Revival-style City Post Office Federal Building in Canon City, Colorado is now an arts center.

Art Deco Post Office in Springfield, Ohio
Many post offices in the US, like the one in Springfield, Ohio, were built during the Great Depression, which explains the PWAP murals. Learn more.

Endangered Post Office in La Jolla, California
In 2012, preservationists fought to save this Depression-era post office in La Jolla, California. Learn about the architecture and the historic mural.

New England Post Office in Bailey Island, Maine
The small post office on Bailey Island in Maine not only is a gathering place for the community, but also reflects the local architecture.

Endangered U.S. Post Offices, e.g., Geneva, Illinois
U.S. Post Offices are endangered, so join us as we tour America in search of these national treasures and the array of architecture they represent.

Historic U.S. Post Office in St. Louis, Missouri
The old post office in St. Louis, Missouri has been an excellent example of Second Empire architecture since the time of Civil War Reconstruction.

Preserved Historic Post Office in Washington, D.C.
The Old Post Office in Washington, D.C. avoided demolition in 1928 and in 1964. Now it is a popular tourist attraction.

Depression Era Post Office in Yuma, Arizona
Post office buildings are often designed for reuse. The preserved 1933 post office in Yuma, Arizona is now headquarters of a family-owned business.

Log Cabin Post Office in Chicken, Alaska
The log cabin post office building in Chicken, Alaska is typical frontier architecture. Post office buildings often reflect the local culture.

Smallest Post Office in the U.S.
The smallest post office building in the U.S. is located in Florida, but not in Celebration! This tiny building is less than 100 square feet.

Preserved Post Office in Honolulu, Hawaii
The 1922 Spanish Mission Colonial Revival architecture of this old post office building has been preserved by the state of Hawaii.

Historic Pre-Civil War Post Office in Lexington County, South Carolina
Give Me That Old Time Religion was composed here in this pre-Civil War structure in Lexington County, South Carolina.

Mid-Century Neocolonial Two-Bedroom House Plan Based on a Cape Cod Design
This 1950s two bedroom home may look like a Cape Cod, but the modern adaptations make this a

Mid-Century Neocolonial House Plan Based on a Georgian Colonial Design
Like the affordable angora sweater popular at the time, this 1950s house is an affordable neocolonial based on a Georgian Colonial design.

Hipped-Roof Modern Neocolonial House
This small neocolonial reminds us that the U.S. colonies reflected the architectural styles of many countries.

Floor Plan for Mid-Twentieth-Century Neocolonial Garrison Home
This floor plan's Garrison style, defined by the overhanging second floor, was popular in both colonial times and during the housing boom of mid-twentieth century United States.

Contemporary Modern Design Freely Adapted From Colonial Architecture
This 1950s contemporary modern design has some very colonial features.

Neocolonial Floor Plans
See floor plans and historic advertising flyers for Neocolonial houses built during the 1950s. Learn about mid-twentieth century housing in the USA.

Mid-Century Neocolonial Three-Bedroom House Plan Based on a Cape Cod Design
This 1950s three bedroom home may look like a Cape Cod, but the modern adaptations make this a neocolonial design.

Marketing the Ranchero to 1950s America
The name of this house, Ranchero, perfectly describes its marketing to 1950s America.

Starlight Western or Ranch Style Floor Plans
The attached garage on this traditional 1950s ranch style home gives the floor plan a wider, horizontal feel.

Ranch House With a Wall of Windows
This floor plan allows a better view of not only the porch and terraces, but also the placement of the windows in this ranch's living area.

Floor Plan for a Ranch Style Home Under 900 Square Feet
An unusual roof creates the illusion of great width for this ranch-type house from the 1950s.

The Glory of a Narrow Ranch Style House
Plans for this 1950s ranch house prove that you don't need a wide lot to build a rambling ranch home.

Split-Level Ranch Style Floor Plans
The floor plan of the split-level ranch seems to indicate that the third level of Level III may be the basement. Take a look. You decide.

Floor Plans for a Modern Ranch House
The towering chimney of this ranch style home interrupts the wide front gable but does not destroy its visual width.

A Western Bungalow Ranch Style Floor Plan
Perhaps the front roof overhang allows this plan to be called a typical Western bungalow. Take a look and you decide for yourself.

Ranch Style Pattern Book Floor Plans
See floor plans and historic advertising flyers for Ranch houses built during the 1950s. Learn about mid-twentieth century housing in the USA.

Minimal Traditional Style House Floor Plans
Minimal Traditional describes a simple style of American home built between the World Wars. Explore the history of this style and see floor plans.

Full Front Gables
Many Minimal Traditional house styles are side gable with one front gable, but this plan has three front gables and no side gables. Compare plans.

Floor Plans for a Small, Mid-Century House
An attached garage is a 1950s added feature of this Minimal Traditional house design.

House Plans for a Petite Modern Bungalow
Described as a petite modern bungalow, this minimal traditional home plan has mass appeal to an upwardly mobile American population.

Minimal Traditional House Plan Includes Front Vestibule
A very wide front-facing cross gable allowed the architect to include a vestibule in this house plan. Compare this design with others in this series.

Traditional '50s House Plans - Small Brick House
A charming Minimal Traditional design was perfect for a growing America and is still perfect for an American population now downsizing. See house plan

Minimal Cape Cod Charm
This Minimal Traditional house style has features of both a Cape Cod and a Neocolonial home. See the historic plans.

Minimal Modern House Plan
Minimal Traditional homes are sometimes called Minimal Modern, and this Modified Contemporary Design shows the reason why.

Maximizing a Minimal Traditional House Plan
Minimal decoration and traditional, simple design are characteristic of the Minimal Traditional style, yet some plans had a few architectural details.

Minimal Traditional Ranch-Like Home Plan
This simple but charming mid-twentieth-century small home has a floor plan for a growing family. See the plan.

French House Styles - Architecture Inspired by Normandy
Some French style homes borrow ideas from Normandy, where barns attached to living areas. American French Normandy house styles have these features.

French House Styles - Architecture Inspired by France
Use this handy guide to see if your house has characteristics of charming styles borrowed from France. Take a photo tour of French styles in America.

French House Styles Architecture Inspiration
American French Provincial houses resemble small manor homes with massive hipped roofs and window shutters. See features of this inspired style.

French House Styles - Architecture Inspired by Combined French Influences
French Eclectic homes combine a variety of French influences. Here are characteristics of America's French eclectic house styles.

French House Styles - Architecture Inspired by the Châ:teaux of France
Chateauesque American homes were inspired by the manor houses of France. Learn more about these French-inspired American houses.