Art History Sitemap - Page 4 2016-09-26

Aristide Maillol - Ile-de-France, 1925
Aristide Maillol (French, 1861-1944). Ile-de-France, 1925. Bronze. 168.3 x 43.2 x 55.9 cm. Gift of R. Sturgis and Marion B. F. Ingersoll, 1957. Philadelphia Museum of Art. © 2010 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York/ADAGP, Paris. Page 5.

Fernand Léger - Woman Holding a Vase (definitive state), 1927
Fernand Léger (French, 1881-1955). Woman Holding a Vase (definitive state), 1927. Oil on canvas. 146.3 x 97.5 cm. 58.1508. Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York. © 2010 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York/ADAGP, Paris. Photo: David Heald © The Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation, New York. Page 6.

Adoloh Ziegler - The Four Elements - Fire, Water and Earth, Air, before 1937
Adoloh Ziegler (German, 1892-1959). The Four Elements: Fire, Water and Earth, Air (Die vier Elemente. Feuer, Wasser und Erde, Luft), before 1937. Oil on canvas. Three panels, left to right: 170.3 x 85.2 cm, 171 x 190.8 cm, and 161.3 x 76.7 cm. Bayerische Staatsgemäldesammlungen, Sammlung Moderner Kunst in der Pinakothek der Moderne, Munich. Page 13.

August Sander - Secretary at a West German Radio Station, Cologne, 1931
August Sander (German, 1876-1964)Secretary at a West German Radio Station, Cologne (Sekretärin beim Westdeutschen Rundfunk in Köln), 1931Gelatin silver print. 26 x 17.1 cm. Printed 1990 by Gerd Sander, edition 11/12. Courtesy Julie Saul Gallery, New York. © 2010 Die Photographische Sammlung/SK Stiftung Kultur–August Sander Archiv, Cologne/ARS, NY. Page 10.

Balthus - The Street, 1933
Balthasar Klossowski de Rola, known as Balthus (French, 1908-2001). The Street (La rue), 1933. Oil on canvas. 195 x 240 cm. James Thrall Soby Bequest, 1979. The Museum of Modern Art, New York. © 2010 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York/ADAGP, Paris. Digital image © The Museum of Modern Art/Licensed by SCALA/Art Resource, NY. Page 11.

Berthe Morisot - Eugene Manet on the Isle of Wight, 1875
Berthe Morisot (French, 1841-1895). Eugène Manet on the Isle of Wight, 1875. Oil on canvas. 38 x 46 cm (14 15/16 x 18 1/16 in.). Musée Marmottan Monet, París. Page 2.

Berthe Morisot - The Psyche Mirror, 1876
Berthe Morisot (French, 1841-1895). The Psyche Mirror, 1876. Oil on canvas. 65 x 54 cm (25 9/16 x 21 1/4 in.). Museo Thyssen‐Bornemisza, Madrid. Page 3.

Berthe Morisot - Portrait of Louise Riesener, 1881
Berthe Morisot (French, 1841-1895). Portrait of Louise Riesener, 1881. Oil on canvas. 92 x 73 cm (36 3/16 x 28 3/4 in.). Musée Marmottan Monet, París. Page 4.

Berthe Morisot - On the Lakeside, 1883
Berthe Morisot (French, 1841-1895). On the Lakeside, 1883. Oil on canvas. 61 x 50 cm (24 x 19 5/8 in.). Musée Marmottan Monet, París. Page 5.

Berthe Morisot - The Garden at Bougival, 1884
Berthe Morisot (French, 1841-1895). The Garden at Bougival, 1884. Oil on canvas. 73 x 92 cm (28 3/4 x 36 3/16 in.). Musée Marmottan Monet, París. Page 6.

Berthe Morisot - Hollyhocks, 1884
Berthe Morisot (French, 1841-1895). Hollyhocks, 1884. Oil on canvas. 65 x 54 cm (25 9/16 x 21 1/4 in.). Musée Marmottan Monet, París. Page 7.

Berthe Morisot - Paule Gobillard Painting, 1887
Berthe Morisot (French, 1841-1895). Paule Gobillard Painting, 1887. Oil on canvas. 86 x 94 cm (33 13/16 x 37 in.). Musée Marmottan Monet, París. Page 8.

Berthe Morisot - Reclining Sheperdess, 1891
Berthe Morisot (French, 1841-1895). Reclining Sheperdess, 1891. Oil on canvas. 63 x 114 cm (24 3/4 x 44 7/8 in.). Musée Marmottan Monet, París. Page 9.

Berthe Morisot - Reclining Nude Sheperdess, 1891
Berthe Morisot (French, 1841-1895). Reclining Nude Sheperdess, 1891. Oil on canvas. 57.5 x 86.4 cm (22 5/8 x 34 in.). Colección Carmen Thyssen‐Bornemisza en depósito en el Museo Thyssen‐Bornemisza. Page 10.

Berthe Morisot - Bois de Boulogne, 1893
Berthe Morisot (French, 1841-1895). Bois de Boulogne, 1893. Oil on canvas. 50 x 61 cm (19 5/8 x 24 in.). Musée Marmottan Monet, París. Page 11.

Berthe Morisot - On the Balcony, 1893
Berthe Morisot (French, 1841-1895). On the Balcony, 1893. Pastel on paper. 47 x 56 cm (18 1/2 x 22 in.). Musée Marmottan Monet, París. Page 12.

Louise Bourgeois - Femme Maison, 1983
Louise Bourgeois (French-American, 1911-2010). Femme Maison, 1983. Marble. 25 x 19 1/2 x 23 in. (63.5 x 49.5 x 58.4 cm). Collection of Jean-Louis Bourgeois. Photo: Allan Finkelman. The Estate of Louise Bourgeois. Page 4.

Louise Bourgeois - Femme Maison, 1994
Louise Bourgeois (French-American, 1911-2010). Femme Maison, 1994. White marble. 4 3/4 x 9 5/8 x 3 in. (12 x 24.5 x 7.6 cm). Collection of the artist, courtesy Cheim & Read, New York. Photo: Christopher Burke. The Estate of Louise Bourgeois. Page 5.

Berthe Morisot - At the Ball, 1875
Berthe Morisot (French, 1841-1895). At the Ball, 1875. Oil on canvas. 62 x 52 cm (24 3/8 x 20 7/16 in.). Musée Marmottan Monet, París.

Berthe Morisot - The Woman Impressionist Exhibition
Her first retrospective in Spain,

Louise Bourgeois - Femme, 1960
Louise Bourgeois (French-American, 1911-2010). Femme, 1960. Bronze. Collection of Wendy Williams. Photo by Christopher Burke.

Louise Bourgeois - Harmless Woman, 1969
Louise Bourgeois (French-American, 1911-2010). Harmless Woman, 1969. Bronze, gold patina. 11 1/8 x 4 1/2 x 4 1/2 in. (28.3 x 11.3 x 11.3 cm). Collection of the artist, courtesy Cheim & Read, New York. Photo: Christopher Burke. The Estate of Louise Bourgeois. Page 2.

Louise Bourgeois - Fragile Goddess, 1970
Louise Bourgeois (French-American, 1911-2010). Fragile Goddess, 1970. Bronze. 10 1/4 x 5 5/8 x 5 3/8 in. (26 x 14.3 x 13.7 cm). Collection of the artist, courtesy Cheim & Read, New York. Photo: Christopher Burke. The Estate of Louise Bourgeois. Page 3.

Louise Bourgeois - Spider II, 1995
Louise Bourgeois (French-American, 1911-2010). Spider II, 1995. Bronze. 20 x 52 x 67 in. (50.8 x 132.1 x 170.2 cm). Collection of the Artist, courtesy Cheim & Read, New York. Photo: Christopher Burke. The Estate of Louise Bourgeois. Page 6.

Louise Bourgeois - Femme Couteau, 2002
Louise Bourgeois (French-American, 1911-2010). Femme Couteau, 2002. Fabric and steel. 8 7/8 x 27 3/8 x 5 7/8 in. (22.8 x 69.8 x 15.2 cm). Collection of the artist, courtesy Cheim & Read, New York. Photo by Christopher Burke. The Estate of Louise Bourgeois. Page 7.

Louise Bourgeois - St Sebastienne, 2002
Louise Bourgeois (French-American, 1911-2010). St. Sebastienne, 2002. Fabric and stainless steel. 17 x 12 x 12 in. (43.2 x 30.5 x 30.5 cm). Collection of the artist, courtesy Cheim & Read, New York. Photo: Christopher Burke. The Estate of Louise Bourgeois. Page 8.

Louise Bourgeois - Spider, 2003
Louise Bourgeois (French-American, 1911-2010). Spider, 2003. Stainless steel and fabric. 9 x 12 x 14 in. (22.9 x 30.5 x 35.6 cm). Collection of the artist, courtesy Cheim & Read, New York. Photo: Christopher Burke. The Estate of Louise Bourgeois. Page 9.

Louise Bourgeois - The Couple, 2003
Louise Bourgeois (French-American, 1911-2010). The Couple, 2003. Aluminum, hanging piece. 48 x 26 x 15 in. (121.9 x 66 x 38.1 cm). Collection of the Artist, courtesy Cheim & Read, New York. Photo: Christopher Burke. The Estate of Louise Bourgeois. Page 10.

Nanda Lanfranco - Portrait of Louise Bourgeois, 2003
Portrait of Louise Bourgeois, 2003. Photo by Nanda Lanfranco. Page 11.

Louise Bourgeois - Femme - 2006 Special Exhibition
'Femme' uniquely displayed approximately 40 works from the personal collection of sculptor Louise Bourgeois scattered, by cultural theme, throughout the Museum's comprehensive collection. As a result, visitors were treated to thoughtful juxtapositions such as Bourgeois' 'Harmless Woman' (1969) -- a feminine torso cast in bronze -- installed near a 6,000 year old Minoan fertility figure.

Madeleine Vionnet - Caftan Dress, 1921
Madeleine Vionnet (French, 1876-1975). Caftan dress, 1921. Silk crepe. Beverley Birks Collection. Photo: John Bigelow Taylor. Page 3.

Pablo Picasso - The Source, 1921
Pablo Picasso (Spanish, 1881-1973). The Source (La source), 1921. Oil on canvas. 64 x 90 cm. Donation 1970 from Grace and Philip Sandblom. Moderna Museet, Stockholm. © 2010 Estate of Pablo Picasso/Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York. Page 2.

Chaos and Classicism: Art in France, Italy, and Germany
Examines European visual artists' reactions to the carnage they had just witnessed in WWI. While some chose to leave reality altogether (think Dada or Surrealism), many others sought comfort in regularity. Picasso went back to Classicism, France called for a retour à l'ordre (return to order), Italy craved a ritorno al mestiere (return to craft), and Germany championed Neue Sachlichkeit (New Objectivity).

Giorgio de Chirico - Gladiators at Rest, 1928-29
Giorgio de Chirico (Italian, b. Greece, 1888-1978). Gladiators at Rest (Gladiateurs au repos), 1928-29. Oil on canvas. 157 x 198 cm. Commissioned by Léonce Rosenberg. Collection Gian Enzo Sperone, Switzerland. © 2010 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York/SIAE, Rome. Page 7.

Otto Dix - Skin Graft, 1924
Otto Dix (German, 1891-1969). Skin Graft (Transplantation) from The War (Der Krieg), 1924. Etching, aquatint, and drypoint from a portfolio of prints. Plate: 19.9 x 14.7 cm. Published by Karl Nierendorf, Berlin, printed by Otto Felsing, Berlin. Edition of 70. The Museum of Modern Art, New York, Gift of Abby Aldrich Rockefeller, 1934. © 2010 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York/VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn. Digital image © The Museum of Modern Art/Licensed by SCALA/Art Resource, NY. Page 4.

Jean Cocteau - The Blood of a Poet, 1930
Jean Cocteau (French, 1889-1963). The Blood of a Poet (Le sang d’un poète), 1930. 35 mm black-and-white film, with sound, 50 min. Film still by Sacha Masour. Courtesy Comité Jean Cocteau. © 2010 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York/ADAGP, Paris. Page 9.

Mario Sironi - Leader on Horseback, 1934-35
Mario Sironi (Italian, 1885-1961). Leader on Horseback (Condottiero a cavallo), 1934-35. Mixed media on canvas. 290 x 275 cm. Archivio Collezione Romana Sironi. MART Museo di arte moderna e contemporanea di Trento e Rovereto, Italy. © 2010 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York/SIAE, Rome. Page 12.

Ludwig Mies van der Rohe - Barcelona Pavilion, 1928-29 - Exterior view with Georg Kolbe’s Morning
Ludwig Mies van der Rohe (American, b. Germany, 1886-1969). Barcelona Pavilion, 1928-29. Exterior view with Georg Kolbe’s Morning (Der Morgen, 1925), 1929. Gelatin silver print. 16.5 x 22.2 cm. The Museum of Modern Art, New York, Mies van der Rohe Archive, gift of the architect. © 2010 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York/VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn. Digital image © The Museum of Modern Art/Licensed by SCALA/Art Resource, NY. Page 8.

Chaos and Classicism: Art in France, Italy, and Germany
Examines European visual artists' reactions to the carnage they had just witnessed in WWI. While some chose to leave reality altogether (think Dada or Surrealism), many others sought comfort in regularity. Picasso went back to Classicism, France called for a retour à l'ordre (return to order), Italy craved a ritorno al mestiere (return to craft), and Germany championed Neue Sachlichkeit (New Objectivity).

Georges Braque - Hesperus - Theogony, 1939
Art History.

Henri Matisse - Portrait of Marguerite Maeght, 1944
Art History. Page 2.

Alexander Calder - Sumac V, 1953
Art History. Page 3.

Alberto Giacometti - Walking Man 1, 1960
Art History. Page 4.

Joan Miró - The Birth of Day III, 1964
Art History. Page 5.

Alexander Calder - Two Spirals, 1974
Art History. Page 6.

Miró, Calder, Giacometti, Braque - Aimé Maeght
Drawn exclusively from the collections of the Fondation Maeght in Saint-Paul-de-Vence, France and containing more than 140 paintings, sculptures, ceramics, prints, and artists' books by the four title artists, as well as works by Bonnard and Matisse. Organized by the Royal Academy of Art, London and on view there from October 4, 2008 to January 2, 2009.

Lorenzo Lotto - Portrait of Giovanni della Volta with his Wife and Children, 1547
Art History. Page 12.

Antonis Mor - Pejerón, Buffoon at the Court of Benavente and the Duke of Alba, 1559–61
Art History. Page 13.

Antonis Mor - Portrait of Philip II on Saint Quentin's Day, 1560
Art History. Page 14.

Giuseppe Arcimboldo - Vertumnus - Portrait of Rudolf II, 1590
Art History. Page 15.

Pollock, de Kooning, and American Art, 1940-1976
Action/Abstraction... is the first major U.S. exhibition in 20 years to rethink Abstract Expressionism and the movements that followed. Over fifty key works by 32 artists--among them Jackson Pollock, Willem de Kooning, Hans Hoffman, Helen Frankenthaler and Mark Rothko--are displayed from the perspectives of rival art critics Clement Greenberg and Harold Rosenberg, both of whom wrote extensively on the New York School.

Hans Hofmann - Provincetown House, 1940
Art History.

Hans Hofmann - Fantasia, 1943
Art History. Page 2.

Herbert Ferber - Surrational Zeus II, 1947
Art History. Page 3.

Norman Lewis - Twilight Sounds, 1947
Art History. Page 4.

Lee Krasner - Untitled, 1948
Art History. Page 5.

Jackson Pollock - Untitled, 1951
Art History. Page 6.

Helen Frankenthaler - Mountains and Sea, 1952
Art History. Page 7.

Jackson Pollock - Convergence, 1952
Art History. Page 8.

Willem de Kooning - Gotham News, 1955
Art History. Page 9.

Grace Hartigan - New England October, 1957
Art History. Page 10.

Jasper Johns - Numbers in Color, 1958–59
Art History. Page 11.

Renaissance Faces - Van Eyck to Titian
Renaissance Faces: Van Eyck to Titian surveys how important portraiture was during the 15th- and 16th-centuries in Europe. Not only did we use it to portray every aspect of human life, portraits were also promotional pieces (for artists) and often served as heavy-hitting political propaganda. Artists' works on display include those of Raphael, Titian, Botticelli, Holbein, Drer and many others.

Renaissance Faces - Van Eyck to Titian
Renaissance Faces: Van Eyck to Titian surveys how important portraiture was during the 15th- and 16th-centuries in Europe. Not only did we use it to portray every aspect of human life, portraits were also promotional pieces (for artists) and often served as heavy-hitting political propaganda. Artists' works on display include those of Raphael, Titian, Botticelli, Holbein, Drer and many others.

Jan van Eyck - Margaret, the Artist's Wife, 1439
One lovely circumstance of the

Hans Memling - A Man holding a Coin of Emperor Nero, ca 1473-74
Bernardo Bembo spent a year (1473) at the Burgundian court of Charles the Bold. Venetian envoy, as it were. Presumably long enough to meet Memling, sit for a portrait and attempt to describe the palm trees that can grow along the Venetian Gulf but never in Belgium. Look closely and you will see the artist's game attempt at said tree--part of the Bembo family emblem--standing to the right. Page 2.

Piero di Cosimo - Giuliano da Sangallo, Architect and Sculptor, ca 1485
Art History. Page 3.

Piero di Cosimo - Francesco Giamberti da Sangallo, Musician, ca 1485
Art History. Page 4.

Attributed to Domenico Ghirlandaio - Portrait of a Lady, ca 1490
Art History. Page 5.

Tullio Lombardo - A Young Couple - Bacchus and Ariadne, 1505–10
Art History. Page 6.

Albrecht Dürer - Conrad Merckell, 1508
Art History. Page 7.

Quinten Massys - An Old Woman - 'The Ugly Duchess', ca 1513
Art History. Page 8.

Giovanni Francesco Caroto - Portrait of a Young Boy holding a Child's Drawing, ca 1515
This is an early, rare example of a child acting as children do. (Quite seriously, the whole concept of

Palma il Vecchio - Portrait of a Woman, La Bella, ca 1525
Art History. Page 10.

Maerten van Heemskerck - Portrait of a Lady with Spindle and Distaff, ca 1531
Art History. Page 11.

Dorothea Lange - Migrant Mother and Children, February 1936
Art History. Page 36.

Norman Rockwell - Freedom of Speech, The Saturday Evening Post, February 20, 1943
Art History. Page 37.

James Karales - Selma-to-Montgomery March for Voting Rights in 1965, 1965
Art History. Page 38.

Richard Diebenkorn - Cityscape I, 1963
Art History. Page 39.

Martin Puryear - Ladder for Booker T Washington, 1996
Art History. Page 40.

Thomas Cole - River in the Catskills, 1843
Art History.

Thomas Cole - Evening in Arcadia, 1843
Art History. Page 2.

Fitz Henry Lane - Fishing Party, 1850
Art History. Page 3.

Frederic Edwin Church - Twilight - Mount Desert Island, Maine, 1865
Art History. Page 4.

James Abbott McNeill Whistler - Symphony in White No 3, 1865-1867
Art History. Page 5.

James Abbott McNeill Whistler - Nocturne - The Solent, 1866
Art History. Page 6.

Frederic Edwin Church - Niagara Falls, from the American Side, 1867
Art History. Page 7.

Frederic Edwin Church - Vale of St Thomas, Jamaica, 1867
Art History. Page 8.

John Frederick Kensett - Coast Scene with Figures - Beverly Shore, 1869
Art History. Page 9.

Albert Bierstadt - Storm in the Mountains, ca 1870
Art History. Page 10.

George Inness - Lake Nemi, 1872
Art History. Page 11.

Winslow Homer - The Fog Warning, 1885
Art History. Page 12.

John Singer Sargent - Mrs Charles E Inches - Louise Pomeroy, 1887
Art History. Page 13.

Thomas Moran - The Grand Canyon of the Yellowstone, 1893-1901
Art History. Page 14.

Mary Stevenson Cassatt - Caresse Maternelle, ca 1902
Art History. Page 15.

Frederic Remington - The Blanket Signal, 1909
Art History. Page 16.

America - Painting History from the New World
An exhibition and International conference on 19th-century American art that included 240 paintings, 60 photographs, 10 sculptures and 80 Native American objects from the 1800s. The exhibition was mounted around four themes presented chronologically: classical landscapes, work of the Hudson River School, paintings by United States artists who had toured Italy and, finally, canvases by the American Impressionists. A fifth section was devoted entirely to Western art.

America - Painting History from the New World
An exhibition and International conference on 19th-century American art that included 240 paintings, 60 photographs, 10 sculptures and 80 Native American objects from the 1800s. The exhibition was mounted around four themes presented chronologically: classical landscapes, work of the Hudson River School, paintings by United States artists who had toured Italy and, finally, canvases by the American Impressionists. A fifth section was devoted entirely to Western art.

Thomas Cole, Designer - State Capitol, Columbus, Ohio, 1838–1861 - Ithiel Town and A J Davis, architects
Art History. Page 13.

George Caleb Bingham - The County Election, 1852
Art History. Page 14.

Albert Bierstadt - Looking Down Yosemite Valley, California, 1865
Art History. Page 15.

Black Hawk - Sans-Arc Lakota Ledger Book, 1880-1881
Art History. Page 16.

Winslow Homer - The Veteran in a New Field, 1865
Art History. Page 17.

Alexander Gardner - Abraham Lincoln, President, US, 1809-1865, February 5, 1865
Art History. Page 18.

Augustus Saint-Gaudens - Robert Gould Shaw and the 54th Regiment Memorial, 1884–1897
Art History. Page 19.

Various Artists - Quilts of the 19th and 20th Centuries
Art History. Page 20.

Thomas Eakins - John Biglin in a Single Scull, ca 1873
Art History. Page 21.

James Abbott McNeill Whistler - Harmony in Blue and Gold - The Peacock Room, 1876–1877 - two views
Art History. Page 22.

John Singer Sargent - Portrait of a Boy, 1890
Art History. Page 23.

Childe Hassam - Allies Day, May 1917, 1917
Art History. Page 24.

Walker Evans - Brooklyn Bridge, New York, 1929, printed ca 1970
Art History. Page 25.

Louis Comfort Tiffany - Autumn Landscape, 1923–1924
Art History. Page 26.

Mary Cassatt - The Boating Party, 1893-94
Art History. Page 27.

Joseph Stella - Brooklyn Bridge, ca 1919-20
Art History. Page 28.

Charles Sheeler - American Landscape, 1930
Art History. Page 29.

William Van Alen - The Chrysler Building, 42nd Street and Lexington Avenue, New York, 1926–1930
Art History. Page 30.

Edward Hopper - House by the Railroad, 1925
Art History. Page 31.

Frank Lloyd Wright - Fallingwater - Kaufmann House, Mill Run, Pennsylvania - 1935–1939
Art History. Page 32.

Jacob Lawrence - The Migration of the Negro Panel no 57, 1940-41
Art History. Page 33.

Romare Bearden - The Dove, 1964
Art History. Page 34.

Thomas Hart Benton - The Sources of Country Music, 1975
Art History. Page 35.

Picturing America - An Art-Historic Teaching Tool
A K-12 teaching tool created by the National Endowment for the Humanities, Picturing America consists of 40 images of paintings, sculpture, drawings, decorative objects and architecture that represent several centuries of U.S. history. Used singly, chronologically or thematically, the images provide gateways to cross-curriculum learning in social studies, history, writing, literature, geography, civics, and other subjects.

Picturing America - An Art-Historic Teaching Tool
A K-12 teaching tool created by the National Endowment for the Humanities, Picturing America consists of 40 images of paintings, sculpture, drawings, decorative objects and architecture that represent several centuries of U.S. history. Used singly, chronologically or thematically, the images provide gateways to cross-curriculum learning in social studies, history, writing, literature, geography, civics, and other subjects.

Picturing America - An Art-Historic Teaching Tool
A K-12 teaching tool created by the National Endowment for the Humanities, Picturing America consists of 40 images of paintings, sculpture, drawings, decorative objects and architecture that represent several centuries of U.S. history. Used singly, chronologically or thematically, the images provide gateways to cross-curriculum learning in social studies, history, writing, literature, geography, civics, and other subjects.

Picturing America - An Art-Historic Teaching Tool
A K-12 teaching tool created by the National Endowment for the Humanities, Picturing America consists of 40 images of paintings, sculpture, drawings, decorative objects and architecture that represent several centuries of U.S. history. Used singly, chronologically or thematically, the images provide gateways to cross-curriculum learning in social studies, history, writing, literature, geography, civics, and other subjects.

Various Artists - Pottery and Baskets, ca 1100-ca 1960
Art History.

Various Artists - Mission Nuestra Señora de la Concepción, San Antonio, Texas, 1755
Art History. Page 2.

John Singleton Copley - Paul Revere, 1768
Art History. Page 3.

Various Artists - Silver of the 18th, 19th and 20th Centuries
Art History. Page 4.

Grant Wood - The Midnight Ride of Paul Revere, 1931
Art History. Page 5.

Gilbert Stuart - George Washington, the Lansdowne portrait, 1796
Art History. Page 6.

Emanuel Leutze - Washington Crossing the Delaware, 1851
Art History. Page 7.

Hiram Powers - Benjamin Franklin, 1862
Art History. Page 8.

Thomas Cole - View from Mount Holyoke, Northampton, Massachusetts, after a Thunderstorm - The Oxbow, 1836
Art History. Page 9.

N C Wyeth - Last of the Mohicans, cover illustration, 1919
Art History. Page 10.

John James Audubon - Robert Havell, Engraver - American Flamingo, 1838
Art History. Page 11.

George Catlin - Catlin Painting the Portrait of Mah-to-toh-pa - Mandan, 1861-69
Art History. Page 12.

Natal'ya Goncharova - A Smoking Man, 1911
Art History. Page 6.

Il'ya Repin - Leo Tolstoy Barefoot, 1901
Art History. Page 15.

Léon Bakst - Portrait of Sergei Diaghilev with His Nanny, 1906
Art History.

Marc Chagall - The Walk - 1917
Art History. Page 2.

Charles-François Daubigny - The Banks of the Oise - late 1850s
Art History. Page 3.

Paul Gauguin - Her Name was Vairaumati - 1892
Art History. Page 4.

Paul Gauguin - Maternity - Women on the Seashore - 1899
Art History. Page 5.

Aristarkh Lentulov - Moscow - 1913
Art History. Page 7.

Kazimir Malevich - Black Square - ca 1923
Art History. Page 8.

Ilya Mashkov - Portrait of Varvara Petrovna Vinogradova - 1909
Art History. Page 9.

Henri Matisse - The Dance - 1910
Art History. Page 10.

Kuz'ma Petrov-Vodkin - The Bath of the Horse - 1912
Art History. Page 11.

Pablo Picasso - Dryad - 1908
Art History. Page 12.

Pablo Picasso - Farmers Wife - Half Figure - 1908
Art History. Page 13.

Pierre-Auguste Renoir - Portrait of the Actress Jeanne Samary - 1878
Art History. Page 14.

Ilya Repin - Manifesto of October 17th 1905 - 1911
Art History. Page 16.

Valentin Serov - Portrait of Sofia Botkina - 1899
Art History. Page 17.

Valentin Serov - Ida Rubinstein - 1910
Art History. Page 18.

Vladimir Tatlin - Fishmonger - 1911
Art History. Page 19.

Félix Vallotton - Portrait of Georges Haasen - 1912
Art History. Page 20.

French and Russian Master Paintings 1870–1925
More than 120 outstanding works of Russian and French modern art, spanning the heady years between 1860 and 1925, are featured in this landmark exhibition. Assembled from the collections of four principle Russian museums in Moscow and St. Petersburg, paintings by names as stellar as Czanne, Gauguin and van Gogh are displayed with those equally stellar names Malevich, Kandinsky and Repin.

French and Russian Master Paintings 1870–1925
More than 120 outstanding works of Russian and French modern art, spanning the heady years between 1860 and 1925, are featured in this landmark exhibition. Assembled from the collections of four principle Russian museums in Moscow and St. Petersburg, paintings by names as stellar as Czanne, Gauguin and van Gogh are displayed with those equally stellar names Malevich, Kandinsky and Repin.

Theodore Robinson - La Débâcle - 1892
Art History. Page 5.

Mary Lucier - Ohio to Giverny - Memory of Light - 1983
Art History. Page 6.

Claude Monet - Weeping Willow - 1918
Art History. Page 7.

Theodore Butler - Entrance to the Garden Gate - 1898
Art History. Page 8.

Yeardley Leonard - In the Garden - 2004
Art History. Page 9.

Claude Monet - Champs d'iris jaunes â Giverny - Field of yellow irises at Giverny - 1887
Art History.

Lilla Cabot Perry - A Stream Beneath Poplars - 1890-1900
Art History. Page 2.

Mark Tansey - Water Lilies - detail - 1994
Art History. Page 3.

Claude Monet - The Artists Garden at Giverny - 1900
Art History. Page 4.

In Monet's Garden: The Lure of Giverny
Claude Monet's beloved gardens at his Giverny home were a source of inspiration not just to him, but to scores of other artists during his life, after his death and to the present day. This special exhibition is built around twelve core Monet canvases and includes an additional 44 works by French painters, and American Impressionist, Post-World War II and Contemporary artists.

Max Beckmann - Self Portrait with Champagne Glass - 1919
For his own self-portrait, Max Beckmann (1884–1950) chose to seat himself in a nightclub interior holding a glass of champagne.

Max Beckmann - Young Argentine - 1929
Is this glowering, nearly-transparent youth in a tuxedo wearing face powder and rouge, or does he suffer from tuberculosis? Max Beckmann served in the German medical corps during World War I, a chapter of his life that triggered a nervous breakdown. Not coincidentally, his figural work afterwards often contains elements of disease and/or physical suffering. Page 2.

Otto Dix - The Art Dealer Alfred Flechtheim - 1926
Otto Dix neither liked nor trusted Alfred Flechtheim, as is clearly evident in this uncommissioned portrait. Here surrounded by Cubist works, grasping a French painting in one hand and what must be bills of sale in the other, Flechtheim's small eyes seem heavy-lidded with greed. Page 3.

Otto Dix - Dr Mayer-Hermann - 1926
Both Dr. Wilhelm (later William) Mayer-Hermann (1890-1945) and his portrait by Otto Dix wound up across the Atlantic Ocean in the same city. Six years after its completion, the painting Dr. Mayer-Hermann was donated to the Museum of Modern Art in 1932, where it has remained on permanent display ever since. Page 4.

Otto Dix - Cartoon for Metropolis - Triptych - 1928
Drawn at a time when life was going well for the artist both personally and professionally, you might think this cartoon very nearly veers into a kinder, gentler Otto Dix ... but, no. Scratch the surface and every sneering comment on Weimar society, and every bit of anatomical symbolism is present. Page 5.

Otto Dix - The Dancer Anita Berber - 1925
Incredibly, given her notoriety, almost no one in the present day would have heard of Anita Berber were it not for this Otto Dix portrait. The artist was never huge on using the color red, but did so here for his friend to eye-popping effect. It is the red of Venus, the red of rubies and we are nearly physically assaulted with her sexual power - even on canvas, even 80+ years after the fact. Page 6.

Otto Dix - The Salon I - 1921
These prostitutes are past their prime, tired and completely stuck in dead-end jobs. Otto Dix was rightfully feared as a portraitist in 1920s Germany, but he was not without sympathy for victims and the downtrodden. As worn-out as these women appear, they retain more human elements than Dix was known to paint into those higher up on the social ladder. Page 7.

Otto Dix - To Beauty - 1922
The central figure in this painting is Otto Dix himself, and there is no beauty to the scene. Standing in the middle of a brothel, he is holding a telephone in his left hand. The right side of his face is in shadow, while a left-looking glance sidles towards us somewhat menacingly. Page 8.

Karl Hubbuch - The Swimmer of Cologne - 1926-28
Karl Hubbuch was extensively trained in etching, woodcutting and illustration, so it is not surprising that we are gifted here with every bridge rivet and a highly-detailed rendering of the Cologne Cathedral in the background. Page 9.

Christian Schad - Self-Portrait - 1927
Unlike some of the other Verists, Christian Schad had no need to delve into caricatures of humans. He was fully capable of making us squirm with excruciating realism alone, such as that found in Self Portrait (1927). Now, you're left with no doubt as to why these two people are here, but it was very clearly a joyless act. Page 10.

Christian Schad - Count St Genois dAnneaucourt - 1927
Schad portrays the Count elegantly dressed in evening clothes here, looking somewhat trapped while standing before two figures garbed in sheer gowns. They eye each other as if rivals for his attention, one a rather severe and mannish woman (identified as Baroness Glasen, for whom the Count often served as a

Christian Schad - Sonja - 1928
We don't know much about the sitter except that Sonja was a secretary who smoked Camels and was comfortable sitting in a trendy caf without an escort. Though she is the enigmatic focal point, Schad painted in bits of two men about whom we know more: to Sonja's right is the writer Max Herrmann-Neisse (1886-1941), and to her left is the journalist Felix Bryk (1882-1957), a friend of Schad's. Page 12.

Glitter and Doom: German Portraits from the 1920s
The years of the Weimar Republic in Germany were short, sad and, particularly in Berlin, spectacular. A contingent of German visual artists moved on from Dada to Neue Sachlichkeit (New Objectivity), from which a leftist sub-branch now known as Verism arose. Painted during a society's death spiral, this selection of Verist works contains portraits of prostitutes, war cripples, wealthy industrialists and often the artists themselves, caught in a now-lost era.

Leonardo da Vinci - Mona Lisa - La Gioconda - ca 1503-05
Leonardo da Vinci (Italian, 1452-1519). Mona Lisa (La Gioconda), ca. 1503-05. Oil on poplar wood. 77 x 53 cm (30 3/8 x 20 7/8 in.). Muse du Louvre, Paris. Page 9.

Leonardo da Vinci - Madonna Litta - ca 1490-91
Leonardo da Vinci (Italian, 1452-1519). Madonna Litta, ca. 1490-91. Tempera on canvas, transferred from panel. 42 x 33 cm (16 1/2 x 13 in.). The Hermitage, St. Petersburg. Page 7.

Leonardo da Vinci - Mona Lisa - La Gioconda - detail - ca 1503-05
Leonardo da Vinci (Italian, 1452-1519). Mona Lisa (La Gioconda), detail, ca. 1503-05. Oil on poplar wood. 77 x 53 cm (30 3/8 x 20 7/8 in.). Muse du Louvre, Paris

Leonardo da Vinci - St John the Baptist - 1513-16
Leonardo da Vinci (Italian, 1452-1519). St. John the Baptist, 1513-16. Oil on wood. 69 x 57 cm (27 1/4 x 22 1/2 in.) Muse du Louvre, Paris. Page 8.

Leonardo da Vinci - Storm in an Alpine Valley - ca 1508-10
Leonardo da Vinci (Italian, 1452-1519). Storm in an Alpine Valley, ca. 1508-10. Red chalk on paper. 19.8 x 15.0 cm. Inscribed .137., probably by Francesco Melzi. RL 12409. 2006 The Royal Collection, Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II. Page 2.

Leonardo da Vinci - Water - Codex Leicester - 1506-1510
Leonardo da Vinci (Italian, 1452-1519). Water, 1506-1510. Codex Leicester (formerly Codex Hammer), 11r. Pen and ink on paper. 14.5 x 22 cm. William H. Gates III Collection, Redmond, Washington. Page 6.

Guide to Leonardo and Art in The Da Vinci Code
An Art History Guide to Leonardo and Art in The Da Vinci Code - Answers to Your Frequently Asked Questions. Since The Da Vinci Code was published in 2003, it has managed to raise questions in the minds of nearly everyone who's read it. In response to your emails, I've been publishing answers to questions about Leonardo and his art as found in The Da Vinci Code since 2003. They are here assembled, side by side and illustrated with works by Leonardo.

Leonardo da Vinci - Self-Portrait - ca 1512
Leonardo da Vinci (Italian, 1452-1519). Self-Portrait, ca. 1512. Red chalk on paper. 33.3 x 21.3 cm (13 1/8 x 8 3/8 in). Biblioteca Reale, Turin. Page 4.

Francesco Melzi - Portrait of Leonardo - after 1510
Francesco Melzi (Italian, 1491/93-ca. 1570). Portrait of Leonardo, after 1510. Red chalk on paper. 275 x 190 cm (108 1/4 x 74 3/4 in.). Royal Library, Windsor. Page 5.

Workshop of Andrea del Verrocchio - Tobias and the Angel - 1470-80
Workshop of Andrea del Verrocchio (Italian 1435-1488). Tobias and the Angel, 1470-80. Egg tempera on poplar. 84.4 x 66.2 cm. National Gallery, London. Page 3.

Art History - Italian Proto-Renaissance: 1200-1400
Some texts, most notably Gardner's Art Through the Ages, refer to the years from 1200 to the early 15th century as the

What Is the Definition of Value in Art?
An element of art, value refers to the visible lightness or darkness of a color. Value is synonymous with luminosity in this context.

American Painter and Illustrator Norman Rockwell
A biographical profile of Norman Rockwell (1894-1978), American painter and illustrator.

Emilienne Paquerette Geslot - Wives and Lovers of Pablo Picasso
Emilienne Paquerette Geslot, known as Paquerette, poses with Picasso and friends with a few photographs taken by Jean Cocteau on August 12, 1916. Picasso seemed to have a relationship with Paquerette during the summer and fall of 1916. She was an actress and model for the high-society courturier Paul Poiret. She married Alexandre-Raymond Barrieu, a cardiologist.

Eva Gouel - Wives and Lovers of Pablo Picasso
Picasso fell in love with Eva Gouel, also known as Marcelle Humbert, while he was still living with Fernande Olivier. He declared his love for the fair Eva in his Cubist painting Woman with a Guitar (

Fernande Olivier - Wives and Lovers of Pablo Picasso
The early twentieth century Spanish artist Pablo Picasso met his first great love Fernande Olivier near his studio in Montmartre in 1904. She inspired his Rose Period works and the early Cubists paintings and sculptures. They ended their relationship in 1912.

Germaine Gargallo - Pablo Picasso's Lover
The twentieth-century Spanish artist Pablo Picasso met the model Germaine Gargallo Florentin Pichot in Paris in 1900 when she became the girlfriend of Picasso's Catalan friend Carlos or Carles Casagemos. Casagemos committed suicide in February 1901 when Germaine spurned his advances and Picasso took up with Germaine when he returned to Paris in May 1901. Germaine married Picasso's friend Ramon Pichot in 1906.

The Great Upheaval: Modern Art from the Guggenheim Collection, 1910-1918 - Exhibition Review
The Great Uphheaval, Modern Art from the Guggenheim Collection, 1910-1918, brings together the greatest examples of early twentieth-century art in France, Italy, Germany, Russian and Eastern Europe. This watershed moment brought about new artistic forms in everyone media, and the artists influenced each other.

Art History 101 - A Quick Tour of Art Through the Ages
A quick overview of the entirety of Art History, also known as

Art History - 400 to 1600 BCE
Art History 101 - A Brisk Walk Through the Eras. Medieval to Early Renaissance Art - 400-1400. Page 2.

The High Renaissance to Early Modern Art - 1400-1880
Art History 101 - A Brisk Walk Through the Eras. The High Renaissance to Early Modern Art - 1400-1880. Page 3.

The High Renaissance to Early Modern Art - 1800-Present
Art History 101 - A Brisk Walk Through the Eras. Modern Art - 1880-Present. Page 4.

- By Category
An index of categories in the

What Is Distemper Paint?
Distemper paint is ancient formula made with water, chalk and pigment, bound with an animal glue or casein (a resin that comes from solidified milk).

Definitions for Art Words and Terms Beginning with A - Glossary of Art History Terms
An alphabetized list of Art and Art History definitions for words and [R] terms beginning with the letter A.

Definitions for Art Words and Terms Beginning with Z - Glossary of Art History Terms
An alphabetized list of Art and Art History definitions for words and [R] terms beginning with the letter Z.

Art History Glossary - Definitions for Art Words and Terms
An alphabetized index of Art and Art History definitions for words and [R] terms.

Special Exhibition Review: Hatshepsut: From Queen to Pharaoh
Through magnificent examples of sculpture, reliefs, exceptionally crafted jewelry, ceremonial objects and those of everyday use, Hatshepsut: From Queen to Pharaoh poignantly describes the artistic innovations of Egypt's Early Eighteenth Dynasty. Despite the damnatio memoriae that her unconventional pharaonic images suffered after her death, their resurrection and reassembly by diligent scholars have allowed us to recognize and fully admire the diverse and splendid achievements that marked Hatshepsut's reign.

Definitions for Art Words and Terms Beginning with X - Glossary of Art History Terms
An alphabetized list of Art and Art History definitions for words and [R] terms beginning with the letter X.

Art History - A List of Anceint Greek Artists
About Art History - A List of Ancient Greek Artists

Neo-Impressionism and the Artists Behind the Movement
Artists such as Georges Seurat embraced Neo-Impressionism, an art style characterized by packing tiny points of color together to form another color.

How Baroque Art Gained Momentum in the 18th Century
This profile of the Baroque, highlights the art form’s origins, its leading practitioners and its eventual replacement by Rococo.

High Renaissance Painter Raphael (Raffaello Sanzio)
Biography of High Renaissance painter Raphael (Raffaello Sanzio) (1483-1520). Description of famous works and influences like Leonardo and Michelangelo.

62 Famous Artists Who Committed Suicide
An alphabetical listing of famous artists who committed suicide, including the tragic methods and reasons for their decisions.

Artist Birthday: Caravaggio
On September 29, 1571, Caravaggio was born. Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio (1571-1610) was an Italian painter whose completely new style ushered in the age of Baroque art.

Interview: Museum Educator Suzi Fonda, MFA Boston (Part Two)
As part of our mission to give our readers a behind-the-scenes look at art, museums, and art history, we are conducting a series of interviews with museum curators, educators, artists, and other art-enthusiasts. This is part two of an interview we conducted with Suzi Fonda, a Museum Educator at the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.

Artist Birthday: Jacques-Louis David
On August 30, 1748, Jacques-Louis David was born. Jacques-Louis David (1748-1825), pronounced

Leonardo da Vinci's Lost Masterpiece: The Battle of Anghiari
Leonardo da Vinci's Lost Masterpiece: The Battle of Anghiari. Had it been completed, it would have been by far the largest and greatest work that Leonardo ever made. All that remains today of this legendary work of art is a collection of small preparatory sketches and paintings that copied the incomplete mural. While the painting itself is generally thought to be lost, some believe that it may still lie concealed behind a counter wall in the Palazzo Vecchio.

Interview: Museum Educator Suzi Fonda, MFA Boston (Part One)
As part of our mission to give our readers a behind-the-scenes look at art, museums, and art history, we are conducting a series of interviews with museum curators, educators, artists, and other art-enthusiasts. This is part one of an interview we conducted with Suzi Fonda, a Museum Educator at the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.

Modern Art or Contemporary Art - What's the difference?
The key point here is that there is, indeed, a difference between the two. Sure, this is counterintuitve to any other usage of

"Good Artists Borrow, Great Artists Steal"
Thus go words that Pablo Picasso may have uttered, although (1) I cannot find definitive attribution anywhere and (2) a great many other writers, poets,

Romanticism - Romantic Art History(1800-1880) - About.com
Romanticism is precisely situated neither in choice of subject nor in exact truth, but in a way of feeling. - Charles Baudelaire (1821-1867)

Art History Paper - Writing Style Guides
Rules of thumb to help you know which style guide applies to your art history paper citations and advice on how to format those image captions.

Fauvism Art - History of Fauvism(ca 1898-1908) About.com
Some art historians have questioned if Fauvism was indeed a movement, but there is no denying that the brief heyday of the Wild Beasts had a huge impact on Modern Art.

Florence: The Center of Early Italian Renaissance Art
Learn five key reasons Florence, Italy became center stage for Early Italian Renaissance art and the place where many artists launched their careers during in the 15th-century.

Why Florence Was the Center of Early Italian Renaissance Art
Learn five key reasons Florence, Italy became center stage for Early Italian Renaissance art and the place where many artists launched their careers during in the 15th-century. Page 2.

The Renaissance Art Period - About.com Art History
The Renaissance (a word which means

Art of the Mesolithic Age (ca 10,000-8,000 BC)
While the Mesolithic Age, also known as

Mannerism - Art after the High Renaissance - About.com
Mannerism refers to the art of the Late Italian Renaissance, before the Baroque period began, when artists used clashing colors and many bizarre themes in their work.

The Renaissance in Venice - Venetian School 1450-1600
During the Renaissance Venice gave birth to a distinct school of painting. There was just something about the light there that begged to be captured on canvas.

Shepard Fairey - Artist Biography - About.com
Frank Shepard Fairey (born February 15, 1970), an American contemporary street artist, first began to appear in the news for wheat pasting, sticker tagging, and the numerous accompanying arrests that now comprise his official criminal record.

J. M. W. Turner Biography: British Romantic Painters
A biographical profile of Joseph Mallord William Turner (1775-1851), English Romantic painter.

Andy Warhol Bio - American Pop Art Painter & Printmaker
A biographical profile of Andy Warhol (1928-1987), American painter, filmmaker and Pop icon.

Three Pairs of Earrings - Early 18th Dynasty - 1550-1425 BC
Pair of Beaded Penannular Earrings, Early 18th Dynasty (1550-1425 B.C.). Gold, lapis lazuli. Diam. 1.99-2 cm (3/4-7/8 in.), Th. 0.7 (1/4 in.). Pair of Earrings for a Queen, Early 18th Dynasty, reign of Thutmose III (r. 1479-1425 B.C.). Gold. Diam. 3.5 cm (1 3/8 in.), Th. 1.9-2 cm (3/4-7/8 in.). Pair of Ribbed Penannular Earrings, Early 18th Dynasty (1550-1425 B.C.). Gold. Diam. 1.8 cm (3/4 in.), Th. 0.8 cm (3/8 in.). The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Page 3.

Double Portrait of Senemut - Early 18th Dynasty - joint reign of Hatshepsut and Thutmose III - 1479-1458 BC
Double Portrait of Senemut, Early 18th Dynasty, joint reign of Hatshepsut and Thutmose III (1479-1458 B.C.). Painted limestone. H. 10 cm (4 in.), W. 17 cm (6 3/4 in.). Anonymous Gift, 1931 (31.4.2.). The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Page 4.

Norman Bluhm and Frank O'Hara - Meet Me in the Park - from Poem-Paintings, 1960
Art History. Page 7.

Al Held - A Mural Sketch, 1964
Art History. Page 10.

Hatshepsut Wearing the White Crown - Early 18th Dynasty - joint reign of Hatshepsut and Thutmose III - 1479-1458 BC
Hatshepsut Wearing the White Crown, Early 18th Dynasty, joint reign of Hatshepsut and Thutmose III (1479-1458 B.C.). Granite. H. 285 cm (9 ft. 4 in.), W 78 cm (31 1/8 in.), D 142 cm (55 7/8 in.). Rogers Fund, 1930 (30.3.1). The Metropolitan Museum of Art.. Page 5.

Foundation Objects - Early 18th Dynasty
Knot Amulet, Early 18th Dynasty, joint reign of Hatshepsut and Thutmose III (1479-1458 B.C.). Cedar. L. 15.2 cm (6 in.); Meshketyu Instrument, Early 18th Dynasty, joint reign of Hatshepsut and Thutmose III (1479-1458 B.C.). Wood. L. 27.1 cm (10 5/8 in.); and Ovoid Stone (Hammering Stone?), Early 18th Dynasty, joint reign of Hatshepsut and Thutmose III (1479-1458 B.C.). Travertine. H. 87.3 cm (2 7/8 in.), W. 12.4 cm (4 7/8 in.), D. 3.5 cm (1 3/8 in.). The Metropolitan Museum of Art.. Page 7.

Four Seal Amulets - One in a Ring - Early 18th Dynasty
Ring, Early 18th Dynasty, reign of Thutmose III (r. 1479-1425 B.C.). Glazed steatite, gold. Ring: Diam. 2.6 cm (1 in.). Seal Amulet, Early 18th Dynasty, reign of Thutmose III (r. 1479-1425 B.C.). Glazed steatite. Seal Amulet, Early 18th Dynasty, reign of Thutmose III (r. 1479-1425 B.C.). Glazed steatite. Seal Amulet, Early 18th Dynasty, reign of Thutmose III (r. 1479-1425 B.C.). Glazed steatite, gold. The Metropolitan Museum of Art.. Page 8.

Todd Stone - 10:01, 2001
Todd Stone (American, b. 1951). 10:01, 2001. From the Witness Series. Watercolor on paper. 30 x 40 in. Courtesy of the artist. 2011 Todd Stone. Page 2.

Vincent van Gogh - Paul Gauguin's Armchair, December 1888
Vincent van Gogh (Dutch, 1853-1890). Paul Gauguin's Armchair, December 1888. Oil on canvas. 90.5 x 72.5 cm (35 5/8 x 28 1/2 in.). Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam. Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam (Vincent van Gogh Foundation). Page 5.

Vincent van Gogh - Pollard Willow, July 1882
Vincent van Gogh (Dutch, 1853-1890). Pollard Willow, July 1882. Watercolor. 36 x 56.5 cm (14 1/8 x 22 3/16 in.). Private Collection. Photo Christie's Images Limited (2007). Page 2.

Vincent van Gogh - Letter from Vincent to his Brother Theo van Gogh, Sketch of Pollard Willow, 1882
Vincent van Gogh (Dutch, 1853-1890). Letter from Vincent to his brother Theo van Gogh, sketch in letter 253[221]:p8, Pollard willow. August 1882. Pen and ink. Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam. Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam (Vincent van Gogh Foundation).

Vincent van Gogh - Still Life with Drawing Board, Pipe, Onions and Sealing-Wax, 1889
Vincent van Gogh (Dutch, 1853-1890). Still Life with Drawing Board, Pipe, Onions and Sealing-Wax, 1889. Oil on canvas. 50 x 64 cm (19 11/16 x 25 3/16 in.). Krller-Mller Museum, Otterlo, The Netherlands. Krller-Mller Museum, Otterlo, The Netherlands. Page 9.

Vincent van Gogh - The Yellow House, September 1888
Vincent van Gogh (Dutch, 1853-1890). The Yellow House, September 1888. Oil on canvas. 72 x 91.5 cm (28 5/16 x 36 in.). Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam. Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam (Vincent van Gogh Foundation). Page 4.

Vincent van Gogh - Van Gogh's Chair, December 1888
Vincent van Gogh (Dutch, 1853-1890). Van Gogh's Chair, December 1888. Oil on canvas. 91.8 x 73 cm (36 1/8 x 28 3/4 in.). The National Gallery, London. Photo The National Gallery. Page 6.

Jean de Brunhoff - Final Watercolor - Right - 'Then he buys himself ... a suit of a becoming shade of green' - The Story of Babar, 1931
Art History. Page 9.

Tezuka Osamu - Phoenix - cover for Future - 1976
Art History. Page 8.

Northern Renaissance Art (ca 1325-1600) - About.com
The Northern Renaissance took place across Europe, but outside of Italy, in countries including France, the Netherlands and Germany where most innovative art was created.

The Netherlandish Painters on the Northern Renaissance
The history behind how Jan van Eyck, Hieronymus Bosch and other Netherlandish artists led the Renaissance and influenced painters for centuries. Page 3.

The Renaissance in Northern Europe - Art History 101
The Italian Renaissance and the Northern Renaissances both had definite artistic. Page 2.

The Italian High Renaissance (1495-1527)
Bidding Florence both huge thanks and a fond farewell, let's get right down to defining the who-s, what-s and when-s of the

High Renaissance in Italy - Figures of Art History
The Big Three Names of the High Renaissance were: Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo Buonarroti and Raphael (Raffaello Sanzio). These are the very first artists that come to mind when ever the term. Page 2.

Op Art - 1960s Art Style Known to Trick the Eye
Take a closer look at Op Art, a 1960s style of art that utilized illusion, contrast and a precise, mathematically-based composition to trick the eye.

How To Write an Art History Paper for HS or College
Advice on how to write an art history paper, written by an art history professor, offering dos and don'ts that will help you complete the assignment on time. Appropriate for high school and college students.

Definition of Golden Ratio - Art History Glossary
Golden Ratio is a term (with an astounding number of aliases) used to describe aesthetically pleasing proportioning within a piece.

Neolithic Art - The New Stone Age - ca 8000-3000 BC
After the rather ho-hum art of the Mesolithic era, art in the Neolithic (literally:

What Are the Visual Arts? - About.com
What is the definition of Visual Art? The visual arts are those creations we can look at, such as a drawing or a painting, and more.

The Sistine Chapel Ceiling by Michelangelo - About.com
Discover the answers to some of the most common questions about Michelangelo's The Sistine Chapel ceiling, the most famous ceiling frescoes painting in the world.

Art History Basics on Performance Art: 1960's-Present
The term. Art History.

What is the Definition of Shape in Art? - About.com
Shapes in art are limited to two dimensions: length and width. Geometric shapes have the clear edges. Organic shapes have natural, less well-defined edges.

Art History 101 - Greek Art (An Overview)
Because so many centuries and different phases encompass

Paleolithic Art of the Old Stone Age
Roughly 40,000 years ago marked the start of the Paleolithic Art period, which saw the the rise of Homo sapiens and their ability to create tools, weapons and ultimately, art.

Biography of Mexican Painter Frida Kahlo
A biographical profile of Magdalena Carmen Frida Kahlo y Caldern (1907-1954), Mexican painter.

What is Contemporary Art?
Great question. Contemporary Art just means art that has been and continues to be created during our lifetimes. In other words, contemporary to us. Learn more..

Definition of Assemblage - Art History Glossary
Assemblage is a form of sculpture comprised of

Definition of Vanitas Painting - Art History Glossary
A vanitas painting was a particular type of still life immensely popular in the Netherlands (and Paris, to a lesser extent), beginning in the 17th century.

Collage Definition - Art History Glossary
Collage is an art form that includes glued paper, objects and other foreign matter. Picasso and Braque invented the art form during the the Synthetic Period (1912 and on).

Definition of Landscape and Landscape Painting
Landscape is an academic category that refers to works of art which feature views of nature, including seascapes, cityscapes and waterscapes.

What is the Definition of Balance in Art? - About.com
Balance in art refers to the ways in which the elements (lines, shapes, colors, textures, etc.) of a piece are arranged. A basic principle of art, specifically of design.

What is the Definition of Color in Art? - About.com
When artists and art historians define color in art, they are referring to the element that is produced when light, striking an object, is reflected back to the eye.

What is the Definition of Contrast in Art? - About.com
Contrast art refers to the arrangement of opposite elements (light vs. dark colors, rough vs. smooth textures, large vs. small shapes, etc.) in a piece of art.

What Is the Definition of Form in Art?
Form is one of the seven elements of art. At its most basic, a form is a three-dimensional geometrical figure as opposed to a shape, which is two-dimensional, or flat.

Definition of Hue - Art History Glossary


Definition of Impasto - Art History Glossary
A painting technique, impasto is a thick application of paint (usually oil) that makes no attempt to look smooth.

What is an "L" Line as it Pertains to Art
A line is a basic element of art, referring to a continuous mark, made on a surface, by a moving point. A line is long relative to its width. It can define a space, create an outline or pattern, imply movement or texture and allude to mass or volume. Absolutely essential in creating art, the line.

Definition of Sfumato - Art History Glossary
Sfumato means that there are no harsh outlines (as in a coloring book) present; areas blend into one another through miniscule brushstrokes, which makes for a rather hazy, albeit more realistic, depiction of light and color.

Definition of Pattern - Art History Glossary
A principle of art - and probably the universe itself - pattern means the repetition of an element (or elements) in a work. An artist achieves a pattern through the use of colors (children playing with Legos know this instinctively), lines (think: Op Art) or shapes (as with mosaics, tessellations, etc.).

What is Meant by the Term "Modern Art?"
Learn more about what the art world means by Modern Art, which includes works from the nineteenth century's Impressionists to the end of the 1960s.

Salon - Definition and Pronunciation
A salon, based on the French word living room, is a conversational gathering of intellectuals, artists and politicians. The French Salon was the official annual exhibition sponsored by the French government from 1667 to 1890; it continues under the private stewardship of the Societe des Artistes Francais.

Nonrepresentational - Glossary of Art History Terms
An artwork that does not represent or depict a being, place or thing in the natural world.

French Impressionist Painter Camille Pissarro Biography
Camille Pissarro was among the founders of Impressionism and exhibited in all eight exhibitions. An anarchist, he lent to the movement a social consciousness about modernity's effects on the country and city.

Berthe Morisot Bio - French Impressionist Painter
Berthe Morisot was among the few women in the original French Impressionist circle. She was married to Eugene Manet and was the sister-in-law of Edouard Manet. Her daughter was Julie Manet, also an artist.

Was Leonardo da Vinci a Vegetarian?
Leonardo seems to have become everyone's favorite celebrity spokesman for vegetarianism, but did he really eat a meat-free diet? There aren't actually that many facts saying either

Impressionism - Essay Tips About Art History
There are a few common misconceptions about Impressionism that you may want to avoid including. There are also a few truisms that you should include.

Definition of Photomontage
Photomontage is a specific kind of collage made of primarily of photographs from newspapers, magazines and similar media.

Impressionism: A Basic Overview - Art History
Impressionism is about the temporary, the here and now, and not about the timeless, the forever. Its avant-garde technique features short, painterly brushstrokes of bright colors that blend when the eyes view the painting at a distance.

Portrait and Portraiture - Definitions
Portraits are recorded likenesses of humans or animals which are living or have lived. Portraiture is the category for this subject matter. Single images of the Virgin Mary are not portraits; they are devotional images.

René Magritte Bio - Belgian Surrealist Painter
A biographical profile of Ren Magritte (1898-1967), the Belgian Surrealist painter.

Definition of Ready-Made - Art History Glossary
ready-made. Art History.

Definition of Contrapposto - Art History Glossary
An art term which describes one particular pose a sculpture or painting of a human has been given by the artist.

Definition of Ignudi - Art History Glossary
The Ignudo is the phrase coined by Michelangelo to describe the twenty seated male nudes he incorporated into the Sistine Chapel ceiling frescoes.

Art History Glossary - N - negative space
Negative space is a compositional tool used in both two- and three-dimensional work. The simplest way to describe it is as:

Definition of Trompe l'oeil - Art History Glossary
Trompe l'oeil literally translates from French to mean

List of Artists in the First Impressionist Exhibition
The first Impressionist exhibition, when the group was given this name, took place in 1874 and included 30 artists and 165 works of art. The idea for this independent exhibition was radical for this time in French art history and its opening day changed the course of art history forever.

Was Leonardo da Vinci Gay?
Discussion on Leonardo da Vinci's sexual orientation.

Is that a man or a woman in the Last Supper?
In Leonardo da Vinci's The Last Supper, the figure at Jesus' right arm does not display an easily identified gender. He's not bald, or bearded, or anything we visually associate with

Pablo Picasso - Biography and Artwork - About.com
Pablo Ruiz y Picasso, was a Spanish painter best known for (co-)inventing Cubism, inspired and invented nearly every art movement in the twentieth century.

Art History Definition: The French Academy
The French Academy was founded in 1648 during the reign of King Louis XIV as the Academie Royale de peinture et de sculpture. After the French Revolution it became the Academie de peinture et de sculpture and then it was merged with the Academie de musique and the Academie d'architecture to form the Academie des Beaux-Arts. The annual government-sponsored exhibition called the Salon was controlled by the Academie des Beaux-Arts.

Michelangelo Buonarroti Biography and Artwork
Michelangelo's output was, quite simply, stunning, in quality, quantity and scale. His most famous statues include the 18-foot David (1501-1504) and the Piet (1499).

Vincent Willem Van Gogh - Biography
Vincent van Gogh lived a short, deeply tormented life, throughout which he sought (in vain) his place in the world. He died, by his own hand, feeling his life was a miserable failure. Unbeknownst to Vincent, the work he did pioneered the Expressionistic style and, 150 years after his birth, his name would be world famous.

Roy Lichtenstein - Biography of American Pop Painter
Lichtenstein (1923-1997) is one of the two most recognized names in Pop Art, best known for his paintings of what appear to be machine-printed comic strips.

Artists in 60 Seconds: Titian (Tiziano Vecellio)
A biographical profile of Titian (Tiziano Vecellio), Venetian painter in the Italian High Renaissance.

Art History Glossary - P - proportion
Proportion is a principle of art that describes the size, location or amount of one element to another (or to the whole) in a work. It has a great deal to do with the overall hamrony of an individual piece.

Rhythm Definition - Glossary of Art History Terms
Rhythm is a principle of art that's difficult to summarize in words. Assuming that you've picked up on a rhythm in music before, take what you heard with your ears and try to translate that to something you'd see with your eyes. Rhythm, in art, is a visual beat.

What is the Definition of Texture in Art? - About.com
The definition of texture as an element of art, refers to the way a three-dimensional work actually feels when touched, or the visual 'feel' of a two-dimensional piece

Definition of Tone - Art History Glossary
Tone is a quality of color. Art History.

Definition of Genre - Art History Glossary
Genre - typically immediately followed by the word

Art History Glossary - S - symmetry
Symmetry is what occurs when one side of something balances out or mirrors the other.

Definition of Tint - Art History Glossary
A tint is a color to which white has been added to make it lighter.

Why You Should Study Art History
Students may take Art History because it is required, or it seems like a good choice for AP credit in High School, or even because it is the only elective that fits into that semester's class schedule. When one of the latter three scenarios apply, questions invariably arise: how come I took this class? What's in it for me? Why should I study art history? Here are five compelling reasons.

Art History Students: How to Ace Any Art History Course
Ten tips gathered from top art history students help new art history students organize, prioritize, and memorize. These tips focus on reading, classroom participation and study practice that aid in memorizing art history information, such as artists' names, titles, dates, media, dimension and location.

Art History Paper Topics - 15 Ideas With Example Essays
A list of art history paper topics with links to writing samples published on About.com Art History.

Art History Paper Topics - 15 Ideas With Example Essays
A list of art history paper topics with links to writing samples published on About.com Art History.

What Is Abstraction in Art History?
An artwork that does not represent or depict a being, place or thing; or a simplified, generalized depiction of a being, place or thing.

Artist Birthday: François Boucher
On September 29, 1703, Franois Boucher was born. Franois Boucher (1703-1770), was a prolific French painter associated with the Rococo movement.

Leonardo da Vinci's 'Study of Hands'
This beautiful sketch of three hands is in the Royal Library at Windsor Castle exemplifies Leonardo da Vinci's intense attention to, even fascination with, anatomical correctness and the effects of light and shadow.

Leonardo da Vinci's Unfinished Masterpiece
Of the numerous unfinished canvases begun by Leonardo, The Adoration of the Magi is surely one of the most ambitious, and remains impressive, even in its unfinished state.

The History of Pop Art (1950s-1970s)
Pop Art was a post WWII reaction to American consumerism. By bridging high and low culture they reflected America's own growing dependence and fascination with mass production and images of celebrities.

Décollage (Art History Definition)
Decollage comes from the French word decoller, to unstick or take off, and is used to describe Italian modernist artist Mimmo Rotella's works.

Marina Abramovic Bio - Yugoslav-Serbian-Montenegrin Performance Artist Marina Abramovic
Performance Artist Marina Abramovic, born in the former Yugoslavia (now identifiable as a Serb and Montenegrin), was the winner of the Venice Biennale's Golden Lion in 1997. Her work draws from her family's illustrious examples, the Balkan crisis of the 1990s and Eastern philosophy. From 1976 to 1988, she performed with the German artist Frank Uwe Laysiepen (Ulay). Her retrospective took place at the Museum of Modern Art in New York in 2010. Page 2.

Artists in 60 Seconds - Marina Abramovic
Performance Artist Marina Abramovic, born in the former Yugoslavia (now identifiable as a Serb and Montenegrin), was the winner of the Venice Biennale's Golden Lion in 1997. Her work draws from her family's illustrious examples, the Balkan crisis of the 1990s and Eastern philosophy. From 1976 to 1988, she performed with the German artist Frank Uwe Laysiepen (Ulay). Her retrospective took place at the Museum of Modern Art in New York in 2010.