Arthritis & Joint Conditions Sitemap - Page 3 2016-09-26

Paraffin Baths Soothe Arthritis Aches and Pains
Heated paraffin baths help to soothe aches and pains due to arthritis. Some are smaller and fit your hands. Larger units accommodate feet and elbows, too.

When Should You Change Your TNF Blocker?
Rheumatoid arthritis or spondyloarthritis patients who are treated with a TNF blocker may, at some point, need to switch to another biologic drug.

TNF Blockers - Should Arthritis Patients Fear Side Effects?
Arthritis patients sometimes fear potential side effects of TNF blockers or other biologic drugs. Should patients avoid the drugs which they fear?

TNF Blockers and Risk of Infection
TNF blockers are associated with an increased risk of infection. Be vigilant.

Lyme Disease - The Basic Facts
Arthritis and joint pain can occur during late stage Lyme disease. Learn how an infectious disease transmitted by a tick bite can lead to arthritis in some people.

10 Tips for Using an Online Pharmacy
Have you considered using an online pharmacy? Here are things you should know and do to find an online pharmacy in good standing.

Tina Wesson Won "Survivor 2" With Rheumatoid Arthritis
Tina Wesson, winner of season 2 of the reality TV show

6 Things You Can Do at Home to Relieve Arthritis Pain
If your arthritis pain has worsened and you can't get to the doctor immediately, here are 6 things to try at home to tame the pain.

6 Things People Without Arthritis Don't Understand
People who do not have arthritis lack first-hand experience, and consequently, have misconceptions and misinformation instead of an accurate perspective.

10 Things You Need to Stop Doing If You Have Arthritis
Sometimes the best strategy for coping with arthritis involves eliminating bad attitudes and habits. What should you stop doing if you have arthritis?

10 Things Not to Say to Someone With Arthritis
Try to avoid these comments that can offend or hurt people living and coping with arthritis.

An Overview of Leaky Gut and Arthritis
Some researchers have suggested that leaky gut can be implicated in many diseases, including arthritis.

The Musculoskeletal System - What Is It?
The musculoskeletal system provides stability and allows for movement of the body. The musculoskeletal system includes the bones, muscles, joints, cartilage, ligaments, tendons, and bursae.

Jar Openers Are a Necessity for People With Arthritis
Opening jars can be a difficult task for people with arthritis. A jar opener is a useful assistive device.

The Living With Arthritis Checklist
Living with arthritis can be a positive experience, even though it may be challenging at times. Do you have everything you need?

The Impact of Chronic Arthritis on Family
Chronic arthritis affects the person with the disease and their family. The impact on family cannot be overlooked.

The Impact of Chronic Arthritis on Family
Chronic arthritis affects the person with the disease and their family. Page 2.

Is There a Gout Cure?
When people are diagnosed with gout, they want to know if there is a cure for the disease. Is there a gout cure?

Why Is the Doctor-Patient Relationship So Important?
The doctor-patient relationship can impact the success of a treatment plan.

Early, Aggressive Rheumatoid Arthritis Treatment
Early treatment for rheumatoid arthritis can help prevent deformity and disability.

Is Disability Inevitable With Rheumatoid Arthritis?
A couple of decades ago, disability was almost inevitable with rheumatoid arthritis. Better treatments and early treatment have improved the prognosis.

Is Arthritis Preventable?
Is there anything you can do to prevent arthritis? Learn about modifiable risk factors and actions that promote healthy joints.

Tendons - Normal Function Versus Abnormalities
Tendons are fibrous cords of tissue that connect muscles to bones. Certain tendons may be susceptible to inflammation.

Tendinitis - What You Should Know
Tendons are cords of tissue that attach muscles to bones. Tendinitis is a condition that involves inflammation of a tendon.

Infectious Arthritis - Know the Warning Signs
Infectious arthritis is caused by a germ that travels through the body to a joint.

Inspirational Quote From Walter Elliot
Walter Elliot quote reminds us how we can persevere even when arthritis, or any struggle, becomes overwhelming.

Inspirational Quote From John Ruskin
Inspirational quote from John Ruskin suggests that patience is essential for dealing with life's struggles.

Inspirational Quote From Robert H. Schuller
Robert H. Schuller quote suggests that there are lessons we must learn as we face our problems.

Inspirational Quote From Christopher Reeve
An inspirational quote from Christopher Reeve, a man who clearly knew what it meant to persevere despite life's challenges.

Inspirational Quote by Eleanor Roosevelt
An inspirational quote from Eleanor Roosevelt reminding us that experience makes us stronger.

Inspirational Quote from Helen Keller
An inspirational quote from Helen Keller about what we gain when we face our struggles.

Inspirational Quote From Mahatma Gandhi
The words of Mahatma Gandhi suggest that inner strength is derived from our will.

Inspirational Quote From Winston Churchill
Winston Churchill quote reminds us that we learn how to soar by going through difficult times.

Inspirational Quote From Confucious
Inspirational quote from Confucious reminds us that we must never give up.

Inspirational Quote From Thomas Carlyle
Inspirational quotes may help people who live with arthritis stay strong and persevere.

What Causes Insomnia? Why Is Insomnia Prevalent in People With Arthritis?
Insomnia is a general term for poor quality sleep. Insomnia is common in people suffering with chronic arthritis. Learn more about the causes, diagnosis, symptoms, and treatment of insomnia.

Tips for Controlling Fatigue Caused by Arthritis
Fatigue is a primary symptom associated with rheumatoid arthritis.

Ideal Spouse or Partner for Someone With Arthritis
Not everyone can deal with chronic arthritis pain. What qualities make a perfect partner or spouse for someone with arthritis?

Synvisc and Synvisc-One - What You Should Know
Synvisc injections are approved for the treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee in those who have failed to respond to more conservative therapy.

Book Review: Take Me Home From the Oscars: Arthritis, Television, Fashion and Me
Book Review of Take Me Home From the Oscars: Arthritis, Television, Fashion and Me written by Christine Schwab.

Swallowing Pills Is Not Easy for Some People
Swallowing pills is difficult for more people than you might think. It's important to take pills properly without chewing or crushing them.

20 Tips to Help Arthritis Patients Prepare for Surgery
A successful outcome from joint surgery can depend on how well an arthritis patient prepares prior to the procedure. Follow these 20 tips to help you prepare.

Sulfasalazine (Azulfidine) - What You Need to Know
Sulfasalazine is a DMARD (disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drug) used to treat rheumatoid arthritis. The drug has been available for decades.

7 Subtypes of Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis
The International League of Associations for Rheumatology has classified 7 subtypes of juvenile idiopathic arthritis.

How to Protect Your Joints
Always be mindful of ways you can protect your joints.

How to Prevent an Arthritis Flare Up
The best way to deal with an arthritis flare up is to avoid it altogether. How can you prevent an arthritis flare up?

Stair-Climbing Wheelchair - iBOT Mobility System
Stair-climbing wheelchair gives wheelchair-bound patients the ability to climb stairs and elevate to standing position.

Smoking Puffs Up Risk of Rheumatoid Arthritis
Smoking has been implicated as a possible cause of rheumatoid arthritis and become the focus of several clinical studies.

Smoking Doubles Risk of Severe Arthritis
Research shows risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis was nearly double for current smokers compared to non-smokers.

Sjogren's Syndrome - 10 Things You Should Know
Sjogren's syndrome is an autoimmune disease that can cause dry eyes, dry mouth and other problems. Learn about its symptoms, diagnosis and management.

Skelaxin (metaxalone) - What You Need to Know
Metaxalone is a drug used in combination with rest, physical therapy, and other treatments to relieve acute, painful musculoskeletal conditions.

Simponi (golimumab) - What You Need to Know
Simponi (golimumab) is a TNF-alpha blocker which is administered by subcutaneous injection once monthly to treat rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, and active ankylosing spondylitis.

Should People With Arthritis Get a Flu Shot?
A flu shot is important for people with chronic conditions, such arthritis or other rheumatic diseases. Ask your doctor if a flu shot is appropriate for you.

Hip Replacement Implants Can Loosen
The primary reason that hip implants loosen is osteolysis. There are other reasons for implant failure, too.

Sacroiliac Joint Pain - What You Need to Know
Sacroiliac joint pain is among the common causes of mechanical low back pain. Learn more about the symptoms, causes and treatment of SI joint pain.

Arthritis and HIV: Is There a Connection?
HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, can cause arthritis pain, joint pain, muscle pain, and muscle weakness. A look at rheumatic disease and HIV/AIDS.

Rituxan Patients Warned About Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy
A rheumatoid arthritis patient who participated in a safety extension clinical trial for Rituxan died from PML (progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy).

Help! I Can't Get Up
Have you ever had trouble getting up from a chair or getting off the toilet? Physical limitations associated with arthritis cam cause unexpected problems. Be prepared.

Emergency Room - When Rheumatology Patients Must Go
Emergencies can occur with arthritis and rheumatic diseases. Be aware of which situations require a trip to the emergency room.

Rheumatoid Arthritis Treatment - ACR Recommendations
The American College of Rheumatology (ACR) issued recommendations in 2012 for the use of disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs and biologic drugs to treat rheumatoid arthritis.

Hectic Holidays and Arthritis
Hectic holidays can be stressful for someone living with arthritis. Keep expectations realistic so you can participate and enjoy.

Rheumatoid Arthritis and Death
When given a new diagnosis, people want to know if the disease or condition is fatal. Can arthritis kill you?

Healthy Resolutions for People With Arthritis
New Year's resolutions are a welcome opportunity for many people with arthritis to evaluate where they could make improvements. It doesn't have to be tied to the new year though.

Is the Repicci Knee a Valid Alternative for Total Knee Replacement?
Is the Repicci knee system a good alternative to total knee replacement?

8 Good Habits Get You Through Each Day With Arthritis
Positive actions can benefit a person with arthritis. Turn these actions into 8 daily habits.

Guide to Disability Services
Here are answers to frequently asked questions (61, to be precise) about social security disability services. Page 3.

Cough Medication Guaifenesin May Help Fibromyalgia
Guaifenesin is an ingredient found in cough medicines. Some doctors and researchers theorize that guaifenesin may help fibromyalgia.

What Causes Reactive Arthritis? Symptoms and Treatment
What is reactive arthritis? What causes reactive arthritis? How is reactive arthritis treated? Does the condition go away in all patients permanently or can it recur? Is there any research which shows why not every infection causes reactive arthritis?

Grief Can Add to Physical Toll of Arthritis
People realize that grief takes an emotional toll. However, the physical toll of grief can be just as significant. Grief can worsen symptoms of arthritis and other chronic illnesses.

Arthrodesis (Joint Fusion) - What You Need to Know
Arthrodesis, or joint fusion surgery, is a last resort treatment option for some joints severely damaged by arthritis. Answers to frequently asked questions are provided.

Gluten-Free Craze and Rheumatoid Arthritis
Going gluten-free is the latest diet craze. Can it have a beneficial effect on rheumatoid arthritis?

Psoriatic Arthritis Complications
People with psoriatic arthritis have a elevated risk of developing complications and comorbidities.

Hip Fracture Risk Linked to Proton Pump Inhibitors
Proton pump inhibitors which are taken for acid-related diseases and also by many arthritis patients trying to reduce gastrointestinal side effects caused by NSAIDs have been linked to an increased risk of hip fracture. Proton pump inhibitors include Nexium, Protonix, Prevacid, Aciphex, and Prilosec.

Hot or Cold Gel Packs Help to Relieve Pain and Inflammation
Gel packs for heat or cold therapy are used to reduce arthritis pain and muscle aches. The reusable gel packs are convenient products to have at home.

Social Security Disability - Preparing for Your Day in Court
Following denial of application for SSDI, the next step is a hearing before an Administrative law judge.

7 Misconceptions About Arthritis
There are many misconceptions about arthritis floating around. These 7 arthritis misconceptions are a few of the most common.

What Is Rheumatoid Factor?
About 80% of patients with rheumatoid arthritis test positive for rheumatoid factor. Read about what rheumatoid factor means.

Pregnancy Advice for Women With Rheumatic Disease
Pregnancy can complicate rheumatic disease and vice versa. If you have a rheumatic disease and are considering becoming pregnant, here are some facts you should know.

Picking the Best Pen for Someone With Arthritis
Picking a comfortable pen is important for people with arthritis in their hands. fingers, or wrists. What should you look for in a pen?

Arthritis and Physical Limitations
Physical limitations can be a consequence of arthritis pain and other arthritis symptoms. Pay attention to your limitations and find ways to compensate when possible.

Rheumatoid Arthritis and Periodontal Disease
Periodontal disease affects people with rheumatoid arthritis twice as much as others without the disease.

Pedometers Can Help People With Arthritis Stay Active
Pedometers are devices that help people with arthritis track their activity level (e.g., counting steps). Increased activity is important for managing arthritis symptoms.

Osteo Bi-Flex and Osteo Bi-Flex Edge - How Do They Differ?
Osteo Bi-Flex and Osteo Bi-Flex Edge can be found in the health section of your local drugstore. How do these two joint supplements differ?

Osteoarthritis - Recognize the Signs and Symptoms
If you are experiencing osteoarthritis symptoms, see a doctor. Recognizing the signs and symptoms of osteoarthritis will lead to an accurate diagnosis and treatment plan.

Flu Vaccine Offers Protection
Flu vaccines can protect against potentially severe or even fatal consequences of getting the flu.

Osteoarthritis - 10 Things You Should Know
Osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis. There are 10 important facts you should know about osteoarthritis.

Arthritis Treatment Options
There are many treatment options for arthritis. Medications are considered traditional treatment for arthritis but some patients look for natural alternatives.

Muscle Relaxers for Arthritis Patients
When are muscle relaxers appropriately prescribed for arthritis patients? How do muscle relaxers work?

What Is an Autoimmune Disease?
An autoimmune disease develops when the immune system mistakenly attacks the body's own healthy tissue. There are many autoimmune diseases including lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, and psoriatic arthritis.

Are Low-Dose Aspirin and NSAIDs a Safe Combination?
Many patients are prescribed low-dose aspirin as a cardioprotective treatment but they are already taking an NSAID to treat arthritis. Is it safe to take both?

How to Exercise Safely When You Have Arthritis
Studies have shown that exercise helps people with arthritis in many ways.

Low-Carb Diets and Arthritis
Does the Atkins diet, South Beach diet, and The Zone have negative consequences related to arthritis, gout and osteoporosis? Discover the facts.

Difference Between Fibromyalgia & Rheumatoid Arthritis Pain
Fibromyalgia pain and rheumatoid arthritis pain can be hard to distinguish, especially for patients with both conditions. How is pain associated with fibromyalgia and rheumatoid arthritis best treated?

Extra Pounds Increase Arthritis Pain
Being overweight can impact your joints and increase arthritis pain.

What Is Enthesitis?
Entheses are sites of tendinous or ligamentous attachments to the bone. Enthesitis is indicative of inflammation at the sites. Learn more here.

What Requirements Determine Social Security Disability Eligibility?
There are specific Social Security disability requirements that determine eligibility for benefits. Your medical condition, recent work, and duration of work are considered.

Can Rheumatoid Arthritis Affect the Spine?
Rheumatoid arthritis can affect the spine, but more commonly it is the cervical spine rather than the lower portions of the spine.

Rheumatoid Arthritis and Cancer Risk
Is there an increased risk of cancer in adults with rheumatoid arthritis? Does treatment with TNF inhibitors increase the risk of cancer?

Wrist Supports Help to Stabilize Arthritic Joints
Wrist splints, wraps, and stabilizers offer support for painful wrist joints caused by injury, arthritis, carpal tunnel, or tendinitis.

10 Knee Supports for Arthritic or Injured Knees
Knee supports help reinforce the knee joint for people with arthritis, joint injury, or other conditions which affect mobility and stability.

Physical Activity and Exercise
Physical activity is any activity that works your muscles. Exercise is a type of physical activity. Does regular physical activity replace the need for exercise?

Patient Education - Can You Know Too Much?
Patient education should enhance the doctor-patient relationship. Patient education is an important aspect of managing chronic illness.

Platelet Counts in Rheumatoid Arthritis
Platelet counts are often elevated in rheumatoid arthritis and other inflammatory conditions. There is a correlation with disease activity.

Obtaining Medical Test Results
Obtaining medical test results is a must. If your doctor orders medical tests, don't stop short of obtaining the results yourself.

Gold for Rheumatoid Arthritis - Is It Still Used?
Gold shots were used years ago as the standard treatment for rheumatoid arthritis. Gold is rarely used now due to potential toxicity.

How to Safely Dispose of Unused Medications
It's not uncommon to end up with expired, unused, and unwanted medications. How can you safely dispose of the unwanted medications?

Imaging Studies and Rheumatoid Arthritis
Imaging studies are used during the process of diagnosing rheumatoid arthritis and other rheumatic diseases. There are 4 common ones you should be familiar with.

How Is Rheumatoid Arthritis Remission Defined?
What is the definition of a rheumatoid arthritis remission? ACR and EULAR have updated the 1981 definition of rheumatoid arthritis remission.

Walking Canes Provide Support and Stability
Canes add support and improve balance when walking. People with arthritis or other physical limitations can choose from various colors and styles.

Velcro Shoes for Men
Velcro shoes for men are easy to manage while being sporty and casual. They are a great choice for men with arthritis.

Stair Lifts May Help People Disabled by Arthritis
Stair lifts are designed to help people who cannot climb stairs. There are indoor and outdoor models of stair lifts.

Door Knob Grippers for People With Arthritis
If you to have difficulty opening a door, there are doorknob grippers and grabbers, designed to help improve your grip.

Kitchen Gadgets and Tools for People With Arthritis
Ergonomic, well-designed kitchen tools and gadgets are necessary for people with arthritis. Some kitchen tools reduce the strain on arthritic joints.

MagicOpener - The Must-Have Opener for People With Arthritis
The MagicOpener helps people with arthritis or other disabilities open water bottles or pop a ring tab on a can. Simple tasks become simple again.

Social Security Disability (SSDI) - How to Apply
Applying for Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) can seem overwhelming. Following these steps will make it easier.

When to Apply for Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI)
When is it the right time to apply for Social Security Disability?

Where to Apply for Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI)
You can apply online, by phone, or in person for SSDI.

Checklist for Social Security Disability Interview
Get ready for your Social Security Disability interview by having everything on this checklist.

Fill Out Worksheet for Medical and Job History
Fill out the worksheet which comes with the starter kit. It will help you in the interview phase.

Hours Available Online for Social Security Disability Application
The Disability Report is available online.

Points to Remember About Applying for Social Security Disability
Preparation is the key to a successful SSDI award. Be ready to tell in detail why you can no longer work.

Guide to Disability Services
Disability services are available to arthritis patients who qualify. Allsup representative answers your questions.

Guide to Disability Services
Page 2. Disability benefits and services are available to arthritis patients who qualify. Here's what you should know.

Guide to Disability Services
If you have arthritis, you may qualify for disability benefits. Page 4.

Guide to Disability Services
Allsup, Inc., disability specialists, provide answers to questions you may have about disability services. Page 5.

Glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) May Cause Rheumatoid Arthritis
Glycosaminoglycans, or GAGs, are naturally-occurring carbohydrates found in the cartilage, connective tissue, joint fluid, and skin. GAGs may cause rheumatoid arthritis.

Giant Cell Arteritis - What You Need to Know
Giant cell arteritis is one of the types of vasculitis. Arteries of the head and scalp are most commonly involved.

Mobility Aids - What People With Arthritis Need to Know
There are many mobility aids available. It's important to know how to pick the right cane, walker, wheelchair or other mobility aid.

Before You Buy a Stair Lift
If you are thinking of buying a stair lift, there are things you should know before you buy.

Glucosamine/Chondroitin Arthritis Intervention Trial (GAIT) Results
Long awaited results from GAIT (Glucosamine/Chondroitin Arthritis Intervention Trial) and GUIDE (Glucosamine Unum In Die Efficacy) were presented at the 2005 ACR meeting.

Gifts for People With Arthritis
What is the perfect gift for a person who has arthritis? With physical limitations, it seems a gift that makes things easier or comforts would be appreciated.

Australian Dream: Topical Pain Relief for Arthritis and Back Pain
Australian Dream is a topical pain reliever marketed for arthritis and for back pain. What active ingredients are in Australian Dream? How does it work?

Electrical Stimulation for Knee Osteoarthritis
Electrical muscle stimulation can improve strength and physical function in people with osteoarthritis of the knee.

Doxycycline May Slow Progression of Osteoarthritis
Doxycycline may prevent progression of osteoarthritis. More studies would be needed to confirm preliminary results.

What Is the Cricoarytenoid Joint?
The cricoarytenoid joint is located near the windpipe. Inflammation of the cricoarytenoid joint can cause hoarseness and difficulty breathing.

"Coping With Prednisone" - Book Review
Prednisone was first thought to be a miracle drug but then the dark side became apparent. Read our review of the book

Body Mass Index (BMI) and Waist Circumference
Body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference measures help assess a person's risk of developing diabetes, arthritis, heart disease, or other health problems.

Finger Splints May Help Arthritic Fingers
Finger splints can help align fingers that are affected by arthritis or injury. Always consult with your doctor before purchasing or wearing finger splints.

Dressing Aids for Arthritis Patients
Dressing aids are essential for people with limited range of motion. Get dressed, once again, with ease.

Chair Aids Help You Go From Sit to Stand
People who have difficulty going from sit to stand may be helped by certain assistive devices which raise up the chair or lift you up.

Treatment of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome - Splinting
Some experts recommend conservative treatment for carpal tunnel before surgery.

Understanding Carpal Tunnel Syndrome - Step-by-Step
An illustrated explanation of carpal tunnel syndrome and what happens to the median nerve which travels from the forearm into your hand.

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome - What Else Is in the Tunnel?
A discussion of the anatomy of the carpal tunnel.

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome - How Is Damage Done?
What becomes damaged in carpal tunnel syndrome?

Is There Another Reason For Carpal Tunnel Syndrome?
What might cause carpal tunnel syndrome besides nerve compression?

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome - What Are the Symptoms?
An explanation of symptoms associated with carpal tunnel syndrome.

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome - Surgical Treatment
Surgery can relieve carpal tunnel syndrome symptoms.

Avoid Illness While Doing Water Exercises for Arthritis
People in swimming pools, hot tubs, and spas share the water with everyone else. Water contaminated with germs can cause illness. Stay safe.

Mercy Killing: Support, Coping Skills, The Future
Jack Kevorkian helped patients with rheumatoid arthritis and fibromyalgia end their lives, as well as those with terminal conditions Was that mercy killing or senseless suicide? Page 2.

12 Tips for Family and Friends of Someone Who Lives With Arthritis
Family and friends are impacted by arthritis as well as the person who has it. Here are tips for family and friends to help them understand the disease.

Arthritis Can Be a Systemic Disease
Certain types of arthritis can be classified as systemic disease. This characterization is made when there is involvement of body parts other than the joints, such as the organs.

Arthritis Can Affect Self-Esteem
Arthritis can affect your self-esteem. Living with chronic pain and physical limitations can test your confidence and self-esteem.

Medication Side Effects - Arthritis Medication Side Effects
Arthritis medication side effects are a possibility. Be aware of arthritis medication side effects and call your doctor if a persistent or potentially serious problem develops.

Cleaning and Housework Suffer Because of Arthritis
Housecleaning is probably no one's favorite task. It can be very difficult for people with physical limitations caused by arthritis.

5 Arthritis-Friendly Can Openers
An easy-to-use can opener is valuable to an arthritis patient.

Arthritis Bra - For Women With Physical Limitations
An arthritis bra is designed with some type of front closure to make it easier to take on and off for women who have difficulty due to physical limitations.

- By Category
An index of categories in the

Gout Quizzes
Take one or more of the gout quizzes which screen for symptoms, test your knowledge about the disease, evaluate risk factors for gout, or compare it to pseudogout.

Testing and Diagnosis of Psoriatic Arthritis
Accurately diagnosing psoriatic arthritis is important so that treatment can be initiated. No single test identifies the disease. Several factors are involved.

Polls About Arthritis
Vote in our arthritis polls. Check the results to see how others with arthritis are voting.

Fifth Disease
Fifth disease, also called slapped cheek, is a viral illness caused by human parvovirus B19. It can cause infectious arthritis in adults. Fifth disease symptoms include a cheek rash that can spread to the arms and legs.

Gaucher Disease
Gaucher disease, also known as Glucosylceramide storage disease (GSDI), is a rare inherited genetic lipid-storage disorder that causes a toxic build up of glucosylceramide in the spleen, liver, and bones. Skeletal involvement can lead to bone pain.

Gonococcal Arthritis
Gonococcal Arthritis is an infectious type of arthritis that develops in people infected with gonorrhea.

Henoch-Schonlein Purpura
Henoch-Schonlein purpura, also known as anaphylactoid purpura or vascular purpura, is a type of vasculitis. It can cause skin rash, purple spots on the skin, arthritis pain, pain in the abdomen, and kidney problems.

Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease
Legg-Calve-Perthes, or simply Perthes disease, most commonly affects young boys. Typically, the disease damages the hip joint when poor blood supply to the area causes the ball of the femur to flatten.

Takayasu Arteritis
Takayasu arteritis (also known as Takayasu's disease, pulseless disease, and aortic arch syndrome) is one of the vasculitides that causes chronic inflammation of the aorta and its major branches.

Viral Arthritis
Viral arthritis is a common form of childhood joint pain and inflammation that is generally mild. Viral arthritis is caused by a viral infection.

Wegener's Granulomatosis
Wegener's granulomatosis is associated with inflammation of the blood vessels in the upper respiratory tract, lungs, and kidneys. Nearly half of those affected by this type of vasculitis also have arthritis and joint pain.

Felty Syndrome
Felty syndrome is defined by the presence of rheumatoid arthritis, an enlarged spleen, and an abnormally low white blood count, occurring in less than 1% of patients with rheumatoid arthritis.

Arthritis Quizzes
Take our popular quizzes on arthritis and related conditions.

Spinal Stenosis
Spinal stenosis, the narrowing of space in the lumbar or cervical spinal canal, results in pressure and compression on the spinal cord and/or nerve roots. The condition can be caused by osteoarthritis, Paget's disease, trauma, or injury.

Fungal Arthritis - Mycotic Arthritis
Fungal or mycotic arthritis is inflammation of a joint caused by infection from a fungus. Fungal or mycotic arthritis is the rarest type of infectious arthritis. It can be caused by any of the invasive fungi.

Tuberculous Arthritis - Granulomatous Arthritis
Tuberculous arthritis (also known as granulomatous arthritis and Ponchet's disease) is a type of infectious arthritis caused by the bacteria associated with tuberculosis.

Cod Liver Oil
Cod liver oil, as a dietary supplement, is a good source of essential omega-3 fatty acids. Studies of cod liver oil for arthritis and rheumatic conditions are limited and inconclusive, but it may provide health benefits by reducing inflammation and pain.

Joint Replacement Surgery
Joint replacement surgery involves removing a severely damaged joint and replacing it with an artificial implant. Pain relief and restored joint function are benefits of the surgery.

What Is Connective Tissue?
Connective tissue supports the body's organs and other structures. What are connective tissue disorders?

What Is Pannus?
Pannus is described as the proliferation of synovial tissue. The pannus, or thickened synovium, develops with osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.

Abigail M. - 7 year old girl - hands - polyarticular juvenile arthritis for 6 1/2 years
7 year old girl with polyarticular juvenile rheumatoid arthritis for 6 1/2 years. Photo of finger nodule. Page 25.

61 year old female - hands - rheumatoid arthritis for over 30 years
61 year old female with rheumatoid arthritis for over 30 years. Photo of damage from rheumatoid arthritis. Page 27.

Arthritis Hand Photo Gallery
Photo of right hand. Patient has had rheumatoid arthritis for one year. No surgery. Page 28.

Marian - 55 year old female - hand - rheumatoid arthritis for 28 years
55 year old female with rheumatoid arthritis for 28 years. Photo of hand deformity from rheumatoid arthritis. Page 9.

Alison O - 35 year old female - hands - rheumatoid arthritis for 10 months
35 year old female with rheumatoid arthritis for 10 months. Photo of joint swelling and damage from rheumatoid arthritis. Page 6.

Alison O - 35 year old female - hands - rheumatoid arthritis for 10 months
35 year old female with rheumatoid arthritis for 10 months. Photo of joint swelling and damage from rheumatoid arthritis. Page 7.

Angie H. - 48 year old female - hands - rheumatoid arthritis for 23 years
48 year old female with rheumatoid arthritis for 23 years. Photo of joint damage from rheumatoid arthritis.

Angie H. - 48 year old female - hands - rheumatoid arthritis for 23 years
48 year old female with rheumatoid arthritis for 23 years. Photo of joint damage from rheumatoid arthritis. Page 2.

Dennis - 59 year old male - hands - osteoarthritis for 35 years
59 year old male with osteoarthritis for 35 years. Photo of hand osteoarthritis. Page 3.

Nicole - 18 year old female - hands - juvenile rheumatoid arthritis for 16 years
18 year old female with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis for 16 years. Photo of joint swelling and damage from juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. Page 4.

Andre - 60 year old male - hands - rheumatoid arthritis
60 year old male with rheumatoid arthritis. Patient has had surgery on hand. Page 5.

61 year old female - hands - rheumatoid arthritis for over 30 years
61 year old female with rheumatoid arthritis for over 30 years. Photo of hands with joint damage from rheumatoid arthritis. Page 26.

Hand photo of 22 year old female with rheumatoid arthritis
22 year old female with rheumatoid arthritis for 6 years. Photo of hand deformity caused by rheumatoid arthritis. Page 12.

Maggie F. - 47 year old female - hands - rheumatoid arthritis for 15 years
47 year old female with rheumatoid arthritis for 15 years. Photo of joint damage and contractures caused by rheumatoid arthritis. Page 8.

Abigail M. - 7 year old girl - hands - polyarticular juvenile arthritis for 6 1/2 years
7 year old girl with polyarticular juvenile rheumatoid arthritis for 6 1/2 years. Photo of joint damage. Page 24.

Angela - 62 year old female - hands - rheumatoid arthritis for over 25 years
62 year old female with rheumatoid arthritis for over 25 years. Photo of hand deformity caused by rheumatoid arthritis. Page 16.

Carol - 50 year old female - hands - rheumatoid arthritis for 31 years
50 year old female with rheumatoid arthritis for 31 years. Photo of joint damage from rheumatoid arthritis. Page 14.

Deb M - 49 year old female - hands - rheumatoid arthritis for 6 years
49 year old female with rheumatoid arthritis for 6 years. Page 29.

Lily - 50 year old female - hands - rheumatoid arthritis for 5 1/2 years
50 year old female with rheumatoid arthritis for 5 1/2 years. Photo of hands affected by rheumatoid arthritis. Page 21.

Nicki - 52 year old female - hands - rheumatoid arthritis for 17 years
52 year old female with rheumatoid arthritis for 17 years. Photo of joint damage to hands from rheumatoid arthritis. Page 17.

Nicki - 52 year old female - hands - rheumatoid arthritis for 17 years
52 year old female with rheumatoid arthritis for 17 years. Photo of joint damage from rheumatoid arthritis. Page 18.

Rick E. - 44 year old male - hands - rheumatoid arthritis for 17 years
44 year old male with rheumatoid arthritis for 17 years. Photo of hands and joint damage caused by rheumatoid arthritis. Page 15.

Rick E. - 44 year old male - hand - rheumatoid arthritis for 17 years
44 year old male with rheumatoid arthritis for 17 years. Photo of hands and joint damage caused by rheumatoid arthritis. Page 22.

Rick E - 44 year old male - hand - rheumatoid arthritis for 17 years
44 year old male with rheumatoid arthritis for 17 years. Photo of hands damaged by rheumatoid arthritis. Page 23.

TTM - 38 year old female from Japan - hands - rheumatoid arthritis
38 year old female from Japan with rheumatoid arthritis for 17 years. Patient has had wrist surgery. Page 20.

TTM - 38 year old female from Japan - hands - rheumatoid arthritis for 17 years
38 year old female from Japan with rheumatoid arthritis for 17 years. Photo of joint damage from rheumatoid arthritis. Page 19.

Arthritis Hand Photo Gallery
Arthritis can cause joint deformity. Hand deformity is one of the characteristics associated with rheumatoid arthritis. Look through photos of arthritic hands submitted by our readers.

Arthritis Hand Photo Gallery
Arthritis can cause joint deformity. Hand deformity is one of the characteristics associated with rheumatoid arthritis. Look through photos of arthritic hands submitted by our readers.

Ankylosing Spondylitis Support
Please join us in our online forum / message board. People living with ankylosing spondylitis and other rheumatic diseases can gain insight and draw inspiration from others.

Juvenile Arthritis Online Support Group
Please join us in our online forum / message board. Children and families living with juvenile arthritis (JRA) and other rheumatic diseases can gain insight and draw inspiration from others. Share your advice and experiences.

What Is Acute Monoarthritis?
Monoarthritis is defined as pain and inflammation associated with arthritis that affects one joint at a time. What causes monoarthritis?

Topical Anesthetics
Topical anesthetics may be applied to the skin to control itching, deaden nerve endings, as well as provide local pain relief. Topical anesthetics can also numb the skin before needle insertion.

Volunteering
Volunteering can be good for your health. Help yourself while helping others. Volunteering is not just an altruistic act. It can provide positive benefits in all areas of your life.

Needle Phobia - Fear of Needles
Needle phobia is the fear of needles or treatment involving needles. For some, this fear can turn into avoidance of needed arthritis treatment.

Cat Arthritis - Feline Arthritis
Information on the causes, prevention, signs, symptoms and treatment options for arthritis and other related joint conditions in cats.

Prolotherapy
Prolotherapy, also known as non-surgical ligament reconstruction, involves the injection of solutions to induce the proliferation of new cells.

Music Therapy
Music therapy is now an established health service similar to occupational therapy and physical therapy. The use of music for those with arthritis provides opportunity for pain relief, anxiety and stress reduction.

Meditation and Relaxation Techniques
Meditation is a natural treatment option for both arthritis and fibromyalgia. It can reduce stress and other problems that accompany arthritis and fibromyalgia.

Hypnosis
Hypnotherapy is the process of accessing, communicating and sending positive suggestions to the subconscious mind. It has been considered by some patients who are trying to find relief from arthritis pain.

Homeopathy
Homeopathy is a healing system first developed in the 18th century. Homeopathy, as an effective arthritis treatment, remains controversial.

Feng Shui
Feng Shui pronounced

Valerian Root
Valerian herbal products are made from the roots or stems of the valerian plant (valeriana officinalis). Valerian root is used as a sleep aid to help insomnia and other sleeping problems.

Melatonin
Melatonin is a natural hormone produced by the pineal gland. Melatonin products are usually synthetic versions of the hormone used to improve sleep.

Ginseng Root
Ginseng is a dietary supplement. Ginseng root (Panax) has been used as a herbal remedy for thousands of years.

Garlic
Garlic is a dietary supplement. In addition to its culinary uses, garlic has been used in folk medicine for thousands of years.

Folic Acid
Folic acid (Folate, Folacin) is a B vitamin that helps the body produce and maintain new cells. Folic acid is the synthetic form of folate found in dietary supplements.

Flax Seeds - FlaxSeed Oil
Flaxseed (flaxseed oil, flaxoil) is a dietary supplement. The flax plant is a good source of essential omega-3 fatty acids. As a supplement, it may reduce inflammation.

CMO / Cetyl Myristoleate
CMO (short for Cetyl Myristoleate or Cetyl-M) is a dietary supplement. CMO is a natural waxy product derived from mice and shown to help mice with arthritis. No scientific evidence exists regarding CMO and humans.

Color Therapy - Chromotherapy
Color therapy, also called chromotherapy or colorology, is an alternative treatment that involves therapeutic use of color. The concept of color therapy as a healing practice is centuries old.

Certo - Fruit Pectin
Concoctions with grape juice and pectin-containing gelatin powders, such as Certo, have become popular home remedies for arthritis pain relief.

Biofeedback Techniques for Arthritis Pain Relief
Biofeedback can make you more aware of your body's reaction to stress and pain. Biofeedback techniques may help those with arthritis control their response to pain.

Bee Venom Therapy - Apitherapy
Bee stings or apitherapy is believed by some to reduce arthritis symptoms. The chemicals in bee venom are thought to reduce inflammation. There is a risk, however, of an anaphylactic reaction.

Ayurveda for Arthritis
Ayurveda is a holistic approach to healthcare with roots in ancient India. Translated, ayur is life and veda is knowledge. There are various treatment techniques used for arthritis.

Aromatherapy
Aromatherapy is a holistic form of arthritis treatment using various scents and essential oils. They can be added to a bath, massaged into the skin or inhaled.

Acupuncture - Acupressure
Acupuncture has become a popular alternative therapy for arthritis pain relief. Acupressure uses the same points and principles as acupuncture but uses the hands instead of needles.

Cycling for Arthritis
Cycling, both indoor and outdoor, may provide those with arthritis a good low impact exercise option.

Temazepam - Restoril
Temazepam (brand names include Restoril, Razepam, and Temaz) is a benzodiazepine medication. Benzodiazepines are drugs that slow down the central nervous system. Temazepam is used to treat sleeplessness and other sleep problems.

Sonata - Zaleplon
Sonata, generic name zaleplon, is a non-benzodiazepine sedative-type sleep aid. Sonata is used to treat symptoms of insomnia and other sleep problems.

Rozerem - Ramelteon
Rozerem, generic name Ramelteon, is the first of a new class of prescription sleep aids. Rozerem acts on two melatonin receptors in the brain, as opposed to targeting the GABA-A receptor.

Halcion - Triazolam
Halcion, generic name triazolam, is a benzodiazepine medication. Benzodiazepines are drugs that slow down the central nervous system. Halcion is a sedative used to treat sleeplessness and other sleeping problems.

Ambien - Zolpidem
Chronic pain can interfere with falling or staying asleep. Some people with arthritis turn to sleep medications, such as Ambien (zolpidem).

Lunesta - Eszopiclone
Lunesta, generic name eszopiclone, is a non-benzodiazepine hypnotic sedative sleep aid. Lunesta is used to treat symptoms of insomnia and other sleeping problems.

Miacalcin - Calcitonin
Calcitonin (brand names include Miacalcin and Fortical) is a bone resorption inhibitor used to treat and prevent osteoporosis.

Fosamax - Alendronate
Fosamax, generic name alendronate, is a bisphosphonate medication used for the treatment and prevention of osteoporosis and corticosteroid drug-induced osteoporosis. Fosamax is also used to treat Paget's disease of bone.

Forteo Pen - Teriparatide
Forteo, generic name teriparatide, is an injectable bone formation agent used in the treatment and prevention of osteoporosis. Forteo Pen is a prefilled pen solution for injection.

Evista - Raloxifene
Evista, generic name raloxifene, is a selective estrogen receptor modulator used in the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis.

Estrogen
Hormones are used to treat and prevent osteoporosis and bone loss. Estrogen brand names include Menest, Premphase, Prempro, Activella, Premarin, Estratab, Estrace, Estratest, and Menogen.

Didronel - Etidronate
Didronel, generic name etidronate, is a bisphosphonate medication used to treat and prevent osteoporosis. Didronel (etidronate) is also used to treat other conditions associated with bone loss.

Aredia - Pamidronate
Aredia, generic pamidronate disodium, is an IV bisphosphonate. Aredia is used to treat Paget's disease of bone, high blood calcium levels, and severe osteoporosis when patients cannot tolerate oral bisphosphonates.

Xyrem - Sodium Oxybate
Xyrem, generic name sodium oxybate, is an oral solution used to treat sudden muscle weakness in narcolepsy. Xyrem is showing promise to treat excessive sleepiness in fibromyalgia and other conditions.

Paxil - Paroxetine
Paroxetine, brand name drugs include Paxil, Paxil CR, and Pexeva, is a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor antidepressant used to treat depression and other conditions. Paroxetine is also used to relieve symptoms of fibromyalgia.

Nortriptyline
Nortriptyline hydrochloride, brand name drugs include Aventyl and Pamelor, is a tricyclic antidepressant used to treat depression and other conditions. Nortriptyline is also used to relieve symptoms of fibromyalgia and chronic pain.

Doxepin - Sinequan
Doxepin (Sinequan, Zonalon, Prudoxin) is a tricyclic antidepressant. It is used to relieve symptoms of fibromyalgia and chronic pain.

Cymbalta - Duloxetine HCl
Cymbalta, generic drug name duloxetine hydrochloride, is a selective serotonin and norepinephrine dual reuptake inhibitor (SSNRI) antidepressant. Cymbalta is the second medicine FDA-approved for fibromyalgia treatment.

Celexa - Citalopram
Celexa, generic drug name citalopram hydrobromide, is one of a class of medicines called Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs) used to treat depression and other conditions. Celexa is also used as a drug treatment option for fibromyalgia symptoms.

Amitriptyline
Amitriptyline, brand name drugs include Elavil, Endep, Tryptanol, and Vanatrip, is a tricyclic antidepressant and sedative. Amitriptyline is used not only to elevate mood in people with depression, but also used to help fibromyalgia symptoms and chronic pain.

Arcoxia - Etoricoxib
On 04/27/2007, a non-approvable letter was issued by the FDA for Arcoxia (etoricoxib). Merck will continue to market Arcoxia outside the United States. Arcoxia is currently sold in 63 countries.

Licofelone - Dual COX/LOX Inhibitor
Licofelone (ML3000) is a dual COX/LOX inhibitor currently under evaluation as a treatment for osteoarthritis. Licofelone is the first member of this new class of analgesic and anti-inflammatory drugs.

Somatotroph Adenoma - Acromegaly
Somatotroph Adenoma, or Acromegaly, is a chronic hormonal disorder caused by too much growth hormone. Acromegaly results in gradual enlargement of body tissues including the bones of the face, jaw, hands, feet, and skull. Overgrowth of bone and tissue can lead to arthritis.

Osteoarthritis Quizzes
Take these quizzes to find out how much you know about osteoarthritis.

Osgood-Schlatter Disease
Osgood-Schlatter disease is associated with a painful swelling of the bump on the front of the lower leg bone, usually caused by microtrauma. The disorder is seen most often in active children, with boys affected more than girls.

Inflammatory Bowel Disease
Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD), which includes Ulcerative Colitis and Crohn's disease, involves arthritis and osteoporosis as common extraintestinal complications of the disease.

Carpal Tunnel Quizzes
How much do you know about carpal tunnel syndrome?

Ankylosing Spondylitis Treatment
Information about ankylosing spondylitis treatment options.

Lyme Disease - Online News / Questions / Support - Newsletter
Do you have still questions about Lyme disease? Then please join us in our online arthritis forum. Subscribe to our free weekly newsletter to keep up with the latest information on lyme disease.

Two ticks - members of hard tick genus Amblyomma
Two ticks from hard tick genus Amblyomma which possess elongated mouth parts. Distinguishing features of the North American Ixodidae family of hard ticks include their mouth parts, which are visible from the dorsal view. They are situated anteriorly on the tick's body and protrude forward from beneath the scutum. Page 7.

North American ticks - Argasidae (soft) and Ixodidae (hard)
Soft ticks, Argasidae, are oval or pear-shaped, with mouth parts that are more easily seen from the ventral view. Ixodes, the hard ticks, possess a dorsal plate or scutum, and many of them can transmit Lyme disease to humans. Page 6.

Ixodes tick in nymphal stage
Ixodes are classified as hard ticks, due to the presence of a dorsal plate or scutum. There are over 200 member species of the genus Ixodes. Many of them can transmit Lyme disease to humans. Page 5.

Black-legged ticks, I. pacificus (shown) and I. scapularis
Black-legged ticks, I. pacificus (shown) and I. scapularis are known vectors for the zoonotic spirochetal bacteria Borrelia burgdorferi, which is the pathogen responsible for causing Lyme disease. The ticks, inoculated with the bacterium when they bite infected mice, squirrels, and other small animals, subsequently pass the pathogens to their human victims when they obtain a blood meal. B. burgdorferi bacteria infect several body parts, producing different symptoms at different times. Page 4.

Black-legged ticks, Ixodes scapularis
Black-legged ticks, Ixodes scapularis, are found on a wide range of hosts including mammals, birds, and reptiles. Black-legged ticks, I. scapularis, are known to transmit Lyme disease, Borrelia burgdorferi, to humans and animals during feeding when they insert their mouth parts into the skin of a host, and slowly take in the nutrient-rich host blood. Page 3.

Black-legged ticks - Ixodes scapularis
Black-legged ticks, Ixodes scapularis, are known to transmit Lyme disease (Borrelia burgdorferi) to humans and animals during feeding when they insert their mouth parts into the skin of a host and slowly take in the nutrient-rich host blood. Page 2.

Ticks - Class Arachnida
Drawing of morphologic differences between soft ticks, Argasidae, and hard ticks, Ixodidae. The soft ticks are oval or pear-shaped and are rounded anteriorly, with mouth parts that are more easily seen from the ventral view. Some soft ticks are known to be a vector for the spirochetes responsible for causing Relapsing Fever. The hard ticks are involved with causing Lyme disease.

Photomicrograph of Borrelia burgdorferi
Photomicrograph of Borrelia burgdorferi, the bacterium that cause Lyme disease. This is a spiral-shaped bacterium that is frequently carried by deer ticks of the genus Ixodes. When the deer tick bites a human being, the bacteria are transmitted to the human bloodstream. Page 17.

Spirochete B. burgdorferi
Using darkfield microscopy technique, this photomicrograph, magnified 400x, reveals the presence of spirochete or corkscrew-shaped bacteria known as Borrelia burgdorferi, which is the pathogen responsible for causing Lyme disease. Borrelia burgdorferi are helical shaped bacteria. They are transmitted to humans by the bite of an infected deer tick and caused more than 23,000 cases of Lyme disease in the United States during 2002. Page 16.

Basis capituli of hard tick
The basis capituli of this hard tick possess lateral borders that protrude bilaterally. The hard ticks can be divided into two groups: either the basis capituli display parallel lateral borders, or the basis capituli protrude bilaterally. Mouth part morphologic characteristics are often used in making an indentification of these arthropods. Page 15.

Close-up of typical tick mouth parts
Close-up of typical tick mouth parts consisting of a centrally located hypostome, and two lateral segmented palps. A tick's mouth parts include not only the hypostome used to penetrate the skin, and two laterally situated segmented palps, but a pair of chelicerae on the distal end of the hypostome used for penetrating skin as well. Page 14.

Position of anal groove on tick's abdomen
The position of the anal groove on this tick's abdomen places it anterior and lateral to the anal orifice. The shape and location of the anal groove are characteristics that are used to taxonomically classify ticks. The anal groove of members of the Ixodes genus of Ixodidae hard ticks is located anterolateral to and surrounding the anal orifice. Page 13.

Anal groove used to classify ticks
In the photo, the position of the anal groove on the tick's abdomen places it posterior and lateral to the anal orifice. The location of the anal groove is a characteristic used to taxonomically classify ticks. On members of the Dermacentor and Rhipicephalus genera of Ixodidae hard ticks, the groove is located posterolateral to the anal orifice. Page 12.

Ixodes hard tick laying eggs
After laying her eggs, this female Ixodes hard tick will die. Soft tick females will lay many batches of eggs. The North American Ixodes are hard ticks due to presence of a dorsal plate or scutum. There are over 200 member species of the genus Ixodes and many can transmit Lyme disease to humans. Page 11.

Image of male hard tick and female hard tick
Image of two hard ticks, male is on left, female is on right. The Ixodidae hard ticks of North America are divided into seven genera: Ixodes, Amblyomma, Haemaphysalis, Dermacentor, Anocentor, Boophilus, Rhipicephalus. Page 10.

Male Ixodes ricinus tick (smaller) copulating with a female tick (larger).
Ixodes ricinus male tick is copulating with a female tick. I. ricinus is also called the castor bean tick because of its resemblance. I. ricinus is a vector for the B. Burgdorferi spirochete, the cause of Lyme disease, and is commonly found on farm animals and deer who are the natural host. Page 9.

Member of Ixodidae family of hard ticks showing mouth parts.
This is a member of the Ixodidae family of hard ticks, a North American tick with anteriorly projecting mouth parts. Ixodes are hard ticks due to presence of a dorsal plate or scutum. There are over 200 member species of the genus Ixodes and many can transmit Lyme disease to humans. Page 8.

Facial palsy
This patient with facial palsy caused by an infection with the bacterial spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi was diagnosed with Lyme disease. In addition to multiple (secondary) erythema migrans lesions, an early disseminated Lyme disease infection may manifest itself as a disease of the nervous system, the musculoskeletal system, or the heart. Neuropathologic manifestations include lymphocytic meningitis, cranial neuropathy (especially facial nerve palsy) and radiculoneuritis. Page 21.

White-footed mouse
This photograph depicts a white-footed mouse, Peromyscus leucopus, which is a wild rodent reservoir host of ticks known to carry the bacteria, Borrelia burgdorferi, responsible for Lyme disease. During their larval stage, Ixodidae or hard ticks feed on small mammals, particularly the white-footed mouse, which serves as the primary reservoir for B. burgdorferi. Page 20.

Whitetail deer
This photograph of a whitetail deer, Odocoileus virginianus, was taken during a Lyme disease field investigation in 1993. Whitetail deer are investigated during outbreaks of Lyme disease because they serve as hosts to the ticks which carry the bacteria Borrelia burgdorferi, responsible for Lyme disease. Page 19.

Histopathology showing Borrelia burgdorferi
Histopathology showing Borrelia burgdorferi spirochetes in Lyme disease. Dieterle silver stain used. Page 18.

Lyme Disease Photo Gallery
Ticks are known vectors for the spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi which causes Lyme disease. The photo gallery shows the ticks, spirochetes, and other aspects of Lyme disease.

Blog


Fibromyalgia Forum - Message Board - Online Fibromyalgia Support Groups
Please join us in our online forum / message board. People living with fibromyalgia (FM), arthritis, and related conditions can gain insight and draw inspiration from others. Share your advice and experiences, offer mutual support, ask questions, and encourage others.

Osteoarthritis - Causes - Basic Information on Osteoarthritis
Information on the causes of osteoarthritis. Learn more about the basics of osteoarthritis.

Where Does It Hurt?
Focus on joint pain or the part of the body affected by arthritis pain and other symptoms.

Julia V. - 22 year old female - hands - rheumatoid arthritis for 6 years
22 year old female with rheumatoid arthritis for 6 years. Photo of both hands with joint deformity caused by rheumatoid arthritis. Page 11.

Julia V. - 22 year old female - hand - rheumatoid arthritis for 6 years
22 year old female with rheumatoid arthritis for 6 years. Photo of hand deformity caused by rheumatoid arthritis. Page 13.

Marian - 55 year old female - hand - rheumatoid arthritis for 28 years
55 year old female with rheumatoid arthritis for 28 years. Photo of hand deformity caused by rheumatoid arthritis. Page 10.

Natural Remedies for Gout
Natural treatments for gout may include eating bing cherries or other low purine foods.

Gout Pain Relief - Controlling the Pain and other Symptoms of Gout
Tips and information on how to control the pain and other symptoms of gout disease. Information on ways to ease the pain of gout and gouty arthritis. Provide gout pain relief and help control other gout symptoms with healthy lifestyle changes, proper diet and medication.

Gout Arthritis Information - Basic Information About Gout Arthritis - Gout Info
Basic information about gout arthritis and gouty arthritis. Learn more info on the basic types of gout arthritis, gouty arthritis and pseudo-gout which is also known as CPPD.

Gout Disease History - Gout Medical Advances - Modern Gout Health
Information, articles and resources on the history of gout disease. Learn more about gout medical advances in the field of gout health. Antiquated ideas about gout disease from centuries ago now reveal just how far modern gout medical advances have come in the field of gout health.

Anxiety - Causes - Diagnosis - Symptoms - Treatment - Risk Factors
Anxiety causes, diagnosis, risk factors, symptoms, and treatment. Anxiety is a normal emotion that can help you better cope with arthritis. Fear and negative emotions can do the opposite, amplifying anxious feelings, creating a cycle of more anxiety, pain and helplessness. Learn more about living and coping with anxiety.

Tysabri - Natalizumab - Dosage - Side Effects - Interactions - Warnings
Tysabri (natalizumab) drug information, dosage, side effects, drug interactions, and warnings. Tysabri, generic name natalizumab, is a selective adhesion molecule inhibitor. Tysabri was FDA approved 11/2004 for MS, but later withdrawn in 02/2005. Tysabri was also being studied for arthritis treatment. In 06/2006, it was reintroduced to treat relapsing forms of MS.

Eye Drops - Eye Pellets - Hydroxypropyl Cellulose - Uses - Side Effects
Information on the indications and side-effects of hydroxypropyl cellulose eye drops and pellets. Eye drop brand names include: Artificial Tears, Bion Tears, Gonak, Isopto Tears, Lacril, Nature's Tears, and Ocucoat. Lacrisert is a brand name for small pellets that are placed under the eyelid. The product is used to treat dry eye symptoms in conditions such as Sjogren's syndrome.

Medication Research
Medication research information.