Asian History Sitemap - Page 1 2016-09-26

Thailand National Profile - History and Culture
Profile of the Kingdom of Thailand, including information about the country's government, population, geography, and economy.

Asian Countries beginning with A through E
Asian countries beginning with A through E

Ancient China - Pictures and Information
Articles and pictures from ancient China, including information about the early emperors, the development of Confucianism and Chinese Buddhism, early inventions, and other topics.

The Partition of India and Creation of Pakistan
What was the Partition of India, and why did it happen? Learn more about this critical fracture in the subcontinent, just as it achieved independence from the crumbling British Empire.

Timeline of India's Mughal Empire
Timeline of India's glorious Mughal Empire, which ruled the subcontinent from Babar's conquest in 1526 until 1857, when the British Raj took over.

Why Did Han China Collapse?
The Han Dynasty ruled China during one of the country's golden ages, but it collapsed at roughly the same time as the Gupta and Roman Empires.

Five Legendary Warrior-Women of Asia
Throughout history, the field of war has been dominated by men. Nonetheless, certain brave women have made their mark in battle.

Asian Countries I to K
Profiles of Asian Countries beginning with I through K

Beauty in Heian Japan, 794 - 1185 CE
In Heian-era Japan (794-1185), beauty standards were quite different from those of modern-day Japan. Learn here about makeup and fashion in ancient Japan.

2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami History and Aftermath
The 2004 Tsunami in Southeast Asia produced waves all around the Indian Ocean, killing hundreds of thousands of people. Learn more.

India - History and Culture of India
Articles about the history and culture of India, from some of the world's earliest civilizations to the present day.

Official Function of Emperor Akihito of Japan
The current Emperor of Japan, Akihito, has little political power. So what does he actually do? Learn about his official functions.

Emilio Aguinaldo Biography - Philippines President
Biography of Emilio Aguinaldo, independence leader of the Philippines, who fought against the Spanish and lead the Filipinos in the Philippine-American War.

Leaders of India
Read biographies of Indian leaders, from early emperors like Ashoka the Great and Chandragupta Maurya, through modern prime ministers such as Nehru and Indira Gandhi.

History of Ancient India
Articles about the ancient history of India, including information on the famous Mauryan and Gupta Empires.

History of Modern India
Articles on the history of modern India, from the Partition and independence to the present.

Japanese and European Feudalism
Comparison of feudalism in Japan and Europe. How did Japanese feudalism differ from European feudalism, and how were they similar?

Aurangzeb | Emperor of Mughal India
Biography of Emperor Aurangzeb of the Mughal Empire in India, who ruled during the first half of the seventeenth century.

What is the Mandate of Heaven in China?
In China, an emperor could lose the gods' support - which meant it was time for a new dynasty. Learn about this process, known as the Mandate of Heaven.

The Mughal Empire's 300-year Rule of India
India's Mughal Empire ruled the subcontinent from 1526 to the beginning of the British Raj in 1858.

Japan | Facts and History Overview
Few nations on Earth have had a more colorful history than Japan. Learn about its culture, people, and land.

The Four-Tiered Class System of Feudal Japan
Feudal Japan had a four-tiered class system based on Confucian logic, with samurai warriors on top and merchants on the bottom.

Asia's Oldest Cities - Aleppo, Syria
Aleppo, Syria is often described as the oldest continuously occupied city in Asia. Certainly, its pedigree goes back for thousands of years.

Asia's Oldest Cities - Byblos, Lebanon
Byblos, Lebanon was founded by a Greek god, and its name is the base of our word

Asia's Oldest Cities - Jericho, Palestine
Though its walls came tumbling down, and the city lay empty for centuries, Jericho still ranks as one of Asia's oldest continuously inhabited cities.

Asia's Oldest Cities - Balkh, Afghanistan
The ancient Bactrian capital of Balkh is still going strong in Afghanistan, making it one of the oldest continuously occupied cities in Asia.

Asia's Oldest Cities - Varanasi, India
The holiest city in Hinduism and Jainism, Varanasi is also one of Asia's oldest continuously inhabited cities.

Asia's Oldest Cities - Xi'an, China
The ancient walled city of Xi'an was the eastern terminus of the Silk Road, and includes the tomb of Qin Shi Huangdi and his famed terracotta soldiers.

Asia's Oldest Cities - Samarkand, Uzbekistan
The fabulous Silk Road city of Samarkand, Uzbekistan has been occupied since at least 700 BCE, making it one of Asia's oldest cities.

Asia's Worst Natural Disasters
Asia's worst natural disasters in terms of estimated number of lives lost.

Why Did the US Enter the Vietnam War?
The first US advisors were sent to help the French battle Northern Vietnam in 1950. Gradually, the US got pulled into an all-out shooting war. Learn more.

Chemulpo Sawmill, Korea
Workers laboriously saw through lumber by hand at the Chemulpo sawmill in Korea, 1903. Page 5.

Singapore Facts, History and Description
Learn more facts and history of Singapore, Southeast Asia.

Asian History from About.com
Learn about Asian history with profiles of famous Asian leaders, key battles, and articles about cultural and scientific contributions.

Asian Countries S to Y
Profiles of data and history on Asian countries beginning with S to Y

China - The People's Republic of China
Covers the history of China, from the ancient and mythical Three Sovereigns and Five Emperors period through the dynasties: Shang, Zhou, Qin, Han, Jin, Sui, Tang, Song, Yuan, Ming, and finally Qing dynasty times, on to the fall of the last emperor, the civil war, and the foundation of the People's Republic of China.

Turkey | History and Culture of Turkey
History and culture of Turkey, a nation at the crossroads of Asia and Europe

Profiles of Asian Leaders
Showcases some of the larger-than-life historical figures who have influenced the history of Asia and the world as a whole. From fierce warlords such as Genghis Khan and Timur (Tamerlane) to non-violent leaders like Mahatma Gandhi and Aung San Suu Kyi, outstanding personalities have changed the course of Asian history over the centuries.

Admiral Yi Sun Shin of Korea
Admiral Yi Sun Shin used armor-plated turtle boats to save Joseon Korea from a Japanese invasion under Hideyoshi Toyotomi.

The Gallipoli Invasion, 1915
History of the Gallipoli Campaign in World War I, which pitted the British and French Empires against the crumbling Ottoman Empire in an 8-month long slug-out.

The Battle of Ayn Jalut, 1260 - Mongols vs. Mamluks
The Battle of Ayn Jalut (or Ain Jalut) pitted the Mongols under Genghis Khan's grandson Hulagu against Egypt's professional warrior-slave class, the Mamluks.

Asian History
Asian History. Page 2.

Toyotomi Hideyoshi Biography
Biography of Toyotomi Hideyoshi, one of Japan's Three Unifiers. Although he was born a commoner, Hideyoshi rose to be the most powerful man in Japan at the end of the Warring States Period.

Biography of King Sejong the Great of Korea
Biography of King Sejong the Great of Korea. This famous king of Korea invented the Korean script, hangul.

Queen Min of Joseon Korea
Biography of the Joseon Korean Queen Min, also known as the Empress Myeongseong, who was assassinated by the Japanese in 1895.

Ottoman Social Structure
The Ottoman Empire had a complex social structure, which depended upon both Muslim versus non-Muslim distinctions as well as individuals' professions to determine their relative social status.

The Armenian Genocide
In 1915, the Ottoman Empire committed mass murder of its Armenian citizens. The word genocide was actually coined to describe the Armenian Genocide.

Kim Il-Sung - Founding President of North Korea
Biography of Kim Il-Sung, the founding president of North Korea, and first ruler from the Kim family dynasty of modern North Korea.

The Mongol Siege of Baghdad
The Golden Age of Islam came to an abrupt and bloody end in 1258, when the Mongols sacked the Abbasid caliph's capital at Baghdad and killed the caliph.

Emilio Jacinto of the Philippines
Like so many Filipino revolutionary heroes, Emilio Jacinto lived a very short time, but his work and his ideas live on in the independent Philippines.

Commodore Matthew Perry Opens Japan
In 1853-54, the American Commodore Matthew Perry and a fleet of steam warships entered Tokyo Bay and demanded diplomatic relations with Japan.

Biography of Genghis Khan
Biography of Genghis Khan, leader of Mongolia and one of history's great rulers, who conquered most of Eurasia in the early thirteenth century.

Ferdinand Marcos of the Philippines
Biography of Ferdinand Marcos, the tenth president of the Philippines. He was known for corruption, imposing martial law, and his wife Imelda's shoes.

Shah Jahan - Mughal Emperor of India
Biography of Shah Jahan, emperor of Mughal India and designer of the world-famous Taj Mahal, a monument to his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal.

Women and Revolution in China and Iran
How did the Chinese Communist Revolution and the Iranian Revolution change the roles of women in those societies?

The Role of Bushido in Modern Japan
What role does bushido, or the code of the samurai, play in modern Japanese life? Learn about its applications in business, politics, sports, etc.

What Was the Meiji Restoration in Japan?
The Meiji Restoration in Japan signaled the end of the shogunate system and the beginning of modern Japan.

Sepoy Rebellion | The Revolt of 1857 in India
What was the Revolt of 1857, also known as the Sepoy Rebellion, all about? Learn why Indian soldiers rebelled against the British East India Company.

Origins of the Jammu and Kashmir Conflict
Learn more about the origins of the conflict in Jammu and Kashimir, the region claimed by both India and Pakistan high in the Himalayas.

Yasukuni Shrine in Japan
Learn more about Japan's controversial Yasukuni Shrine in Tokyo, which is dedicated to those who died on behalf of the Empire of Japan between the Meiji Restoration and World War II.

Siddhartha Gautama, the Buddha
An Indian prince called Siddhartha Gautama gave up wealth and power to seek the answers to life, and reached enlightenment as the Buddha.

British East India Company
What was the British East India Company? Find out here.

Emperor Hirohito of Japan
Emperor Hirohito led his country into the devastation of World War II, but managed to hold on to both his head and his throne in the aftermath.

Kanishka the Great of the Kushan Empire
Kanishka the Great was a Kushan dynasty ruler based in what is now Afghanistan, where he was a famous patron of Buddhism.

Sanskrit
Sanskrit is a sacred language in Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism. It is also a literary language throughout South Asia. Learn more about Sanskrit here!

The Great Persian Famine, 1870-71
Few people have heard of the Great Persian Famine of 1870-71, though it left millions of Persian people dead of starvation and cholera.

History of the Caste System in India
The caste system in India has ordered society both for Hindus and even non-Hindus over thousands of years. Learn more about the history of India's complex system of castes.

Korean War - Paratroopers - UN forces - Indian soldiers - American soldiers - U.S. soldiers
Paratroopers from India and the U.S. exchange smiles and hats on the way to Korea, September 28, 1953. Page 41.

Korean War - Armistice - Marilyn Monroe - Visit - 1954
Marilyn Monroe visits the troops in Korea after the Armistice, February 17, 1954. Page 42.

French Nun and Korean Convert Girls
A French nun poses with some of her Korean converts, c. 1910-15. Page 9.

Korean Buddhist Monk
A Korean Buddhist monk from early in the 20th century. Page 3.

Gisaeng - Korean Geisha Girls in Training
Seven girls training to be gisaeng, or Korean geishas. Page 2.

Korean Boy - Bridegroom
A Korean boy in traditional dress wears the horsehair hat which symbolizes that he is engaged to be married.

Chemulpo Market in Korea, 1903
Street scene from the Chemulpo Market in Korea, 1903. Page 4.

Korean Lady Carried in Sedan Chair
A Korean lady prepares to be carried through the streets in her sedan chair, c. 1890-1923. Page 6.

Korean Family Portrait
A Korean family poses for a family portrait wearing traditional Korean clothes or hanbok, c. 1910-1920. Page 7.

A Korean Vendor at his Food-stall
A Korean vendor in Seoul sits at his food-stall, c. 1890-1923. Page 8.

Korean General on a One-Wheeled Cart
A former general of the Korean army perches on his one-wheeled cart, attended by four servants, 1904. Page 10.

Laundry Day at the Stream
Korean women gather at the stream to wash laundry, c. 1890-1923. Page 11.

Korean Women Ironing Clothes the Traditional Way
Korean women use wooden beaters to flatten clothing, c. 1910-1920. Page 12.

Korean Farmers Bring Their Goods To Market
Korean farmers bring their goods to the Seoul market on the backs of oxen, 1904. Page 13.

Korean Buddhist Monks in 1904
Buddhist monks at a local temple in Korea, 1904. Page 14.

Portrait of a Korean Mother and Child
A Korean woman and her daughter pose for a formal portrait, c. 1910-1920. Page 15.

Traditional Korean Man
An older Korean man poses for a formal portrait in traditional dress, c. 1910-1920. Page 16.

Korean Men on the Trail
Korean men in traditional dress stand near a carved sign-post on a mountain path, c. 1920-27.. Page 17.

Korean Couple Plays Go
A Korean couple play the game go, c. 1910-1920. Page 18.

A Pottery Peddler in Seoul Korea
A peddler hawks pottery door-to-door in Seoul, Korea, 1906. Page 19.

Korean Pack Train | 1904
A pack train of Korean farmers ride through the Seoul suburbs, 1904. Page 20.

The Temple of Heaven in Seoul Korea
The Temple of Heaven (Wongudan) in Seoul, Korea, in 1925. Page 21.

Korean Villagers Pray to the Jangseung or Village Totem Poles
Korean villagers pray to the jangseung or village guardians at Chosen, Dec. 1, 1919. Page 22.

Korean Aristocrat on a Rickshaw Ride
A Korean aristocrat enjoys a rickshaw ride, c. 1910-1920. Page 23.

Seoul Korea's West Gate
View of Seoul, Korea's West Gate in 1904. Page 24.

Siam Royal Family | 1800s Historic Photo Siam's King and Family
Photo of Siam's King Mongkut, also known as Rama IV, with his family. Although the date on the back is 1875, this photo must have been taken in 1868 or earlier, since Mongkut died in that year.

Korean War - POW - Prisoner Exchange - Panmunjom - U.S. Officers - Military History
An angry Communist POW berates a U.S. major during POW exchange at Panmunjom, Sept. 8, 1953. Korean War. Page 40.

Korean War Photo | B26 Bomber
Mechanics struggle to repair a B-26 bomber during a snowstorm, Korea (1952). Page 32.

Korean War - Bombing Damage - North Korea - Chosin Power Plant - Chosin Reservoir
Korean War bomb damage to the Chosin Power Plant, which supplied hydroelectric power to North Korea and Manchuria, July 11, 1952. Page 33.

Korean War - UN Bombing Sortie - Bombing Run - North Korea - Aircraft - Bombers
A UN bomber makes a run over North Korea, February of 1951. Page 20.

Korean War - POWs - POW Camp - Busan - United Nations Camp - North Korean POWs - Chinese POWs
North Korean and Chinese POWs at a UN prisoner-of-war camp in Busan, South Korea. April, 1951. Page 23.

Korean War - Female Pilots - WASP Pilots - Elizabeth Gardener
WASP pilot Elizabeth Gardener during the Korean War. Page 31.

Korean War - Gunners - 17th Bomb Wing - African American - Fliers
A group of gunners from the 17th Bomb Wing gets ready to go, Korean War, September, 1952. Page 34.

Korean War - POW Exchange - Injured and Sick POWs - Munsan-ni - 1953
An injured U.S. POW gets treatment after the POW exchange at Munsan-ni, August 5, 1953. Page 38.

Korean War - Peace Talks - Kaesong - 1951
Serene setting of peace talks; Kaesong, truce talks site in summer of 1951. Page 27.

Korean War - Child - Baseball - Propoganda Pictures - U.S. Soldier - 1951
Young Kim Pak Soon learns about baseball fundamentals from U.S. soldier James W. Black, March, 1951. Page 22.

Korean War - President Truman - Medals of Honor - Oval Office
President Truman in the Oval Office with three Korean War Medal of Honor recipients, May 10, 1951. Page 24.

Korean War - Wounded POWs - North Korean POWs - Panmunjom - Prisoner Exchange
Exchange of wounded North Korean POWs at Panmunjom, September 8, 1953. Page 39.

Korean War - Napalm - Village
Napalm drop on a village in North Korea, January, 1951. Page 19.

Korean War - Napalm - Masen-ni - North Korea - Village Napalmed
A U.S. plane drops napalm on an ammunition depot in the North Korean village of Masen-ni, July 11, 1951. Page 26.

Korean War | Peace Talks at Kaesong
North Korean officers at the Kaesong Peace Talks, Summer of 1951. Page 28.

Korean War | POW Exchange
Korean War POW exchange in April, 1953. Sick and wounded POWs were traded by the two opposing forces. Page 35.

Korean War - Paratroopers - Preparations to Jump
UN paratroopers get ready to deploy, July 2, 1953. Page 36.

Korean War - Paratroopers - UN Forces - Paratroopers Deploy
Paratroopers queue up at the door before jumping, Korean War, September of 1951. Page 29.

Korean War - Women - Children - Scavenging - Firewood - Seoul
Women and children in Seoul scavenge through the wreckage looking for wood to cook and heat their homes, November 1, 1950. Page 13.

Korean War - Children - Haeng-ju, Korea - Tank
Two concerned Korean children stand in front of a tank in Haeng-ju, Korea during the Korean War. June 9, 1951. Page 25.

Korean War - South Korean Soldiers - Wounded Soldiers - 1950
South Korean soldiers try to comfort their wounded comrades, July 28, 1950. Page 7.

Korean War - Truce Declared - War's End - Joy
U.S. airman reacts to news that a truce has been declared, and the Korean War is (unofficially) over. July, 1953. Page 37.

Korean War - Paratroopers - Paratrooper Drop
UN paratrooper drop, October 19, 1951. Page 30.

Korean War - Bombing Run - Wonsan, Korea - Ammo Dump - Military History
A church in Wonsan that was used as an ammunition dump by the Communist forces is bombed, March of 1951. Page 21.

Korean War - Osan - Bazooka
A South Korean bazooka team fires near Osan, South Korea. July 5, 1950.

Korean War - U.S. Troops - Bitter Cold - Korean Winter
U.S. military patrols in Korea battle bitter cold, December of 1950. Page 18.

Korean War - Invasion of Incheon - Korean Child
A lone Korean child cries during the UN invasion of Incheon in 1950. Page 14.

Korean War - Bomb Damage - Bombed Train Station - North Korea
Bomb damage to a train station in North Korea, November 9, 1950. Page 15.

Korean War - Fall of Taejon - Communists Overrun South Korea
Last-ditch defense before the Fall of Taejon, South Korea, to North Korean forces. July 21, 1950. Page 2.

Korean War - Winter Cold - Frostbite - Casualties - Chosin Reservoir - 1950
Huddle of frostbite casualties waits for medivac after Battle at Chosin Reservoir, December of 1950. Page 17.

Korean War - Grief - Heartbreak - Weeping Soldiers - 1950 - Haktong-ni
A soldier collapses with grief after his buddy dies, and is comforted, at Haktong-ni. August 28, 1950. Page 8.

Korean War - Kotori - Marines - Casualties
An injured chaplain prays over the bodies of dead U.S. Marines at Kotori, December 3, 1950. Page 16.

Korean War - Bridge Over Kum River - Taejon - Bombing
UN forces blow up the bridge over the Kum River near Taejon, South Korea, in an attempt to slow North Korean advances. August 6, 1950. Page 3.

Korean War - Naval Bombardment - 1950
Naval bombardment during the Korean War, 1950. Page 10.

Korean War - North Korean POWS - Prisoners of War
North Korean POWs exercise at a prisoner of war camp, August 10, 1950. Page 11.

Korean War - Civilians - Refugees - Pohang
Refugees stream out of Pohang, on the east coast of South Korea, in the face of North Korean advances. August 12, 1950. Page 5.

Korean War | Fall of Pohang
Police search fearful refugees fleeing Pohang, looking for North Korean spies who infiltrated Southern lines by impersonating civilians. August of 1950. Page 6.

Korean War - Syngman Rhee - Return to Seoul - Korean War 1950
South Korean President Syngman Rhee (Yi Seungman) returns to Seoul after the North Koreans are driven out, September 29, 1950. General Douglas MacArthur is seated on the left. Page 9.

Korean War - Bomb Damage - Pyongyang, North Korea - Railyard
Bomb damage to the railyard at Pyongyang, North Korea. October 25, 1950. Page 12.

Korean War - Medivac - Wounded Soldiers
Wounded U.S. soldiers get airlifted out of Korea, July 28, 1950. Page 4.

Korean War Photos
Photo gallery of the Korean War, 1950-1953.

Korean War Photos
Photo gallery of the Korean War, 1950-1953.

Korean War Photos
Photo gallery of the Korean War, 1950-1953.

World War II in Asia Photos - Iwo Jima
The bloody, grinding US victory at Iwo Jima sparked consideration of alternative ways to end World War II - ways including the use of atomic weapons.

World War II in Asia Photos - Hiroshima
A ruined bus in Hiroshima, all of its passengers incinerated, in the aftermath of the American atomic bombing, August 1945.

World War II in Asia Photos - Japan Surrenders
After suffering two atomic bombings, Japan surrendered in August of 1945, officially ending World War II.

World War II in Asia Photos - Reunited
General Douglas MacArthur is reunited with an American and a British general who did not get out, and spent several years starving as POWs of the Japanese.

World War II in Asia - China Brutalized but Undefeated
China bore the brunt of Japanese atrocities in World War II, although none of the occupied countries in Asia escaped entirely.

World War II in Asia - Britain Surrenders Singapore
In February of 1942, Japan seized Singapore from Britain after a bloody week-long battle.

World War II in Asia Photos - Bataan Death March
Asian History.

World War II in Asia Photos - Japan Ascendant
By 1942, it seemed that Japan was on its way to victory in the Pacific.

World War II in Asia Photos - Pivot at Midway
The pivotal Battle of Midway in 1942 dealt the Japanese Navy a heavy blow from which it never recovered, although it fought on for three more years.

World War II in Asia Photos - Holding the Line in Burma
Burma played a key role in World War II that is often overlooked. It was Japan's entrance-way to British India, and the Allies' route for supplying beleaguered China.

World War II in Asia Photos - Kamikaze
With the tide of war running against them, the desperate Japanese launched suicide flights against US Navy ships - flights called kamikaze.

World War II in Asia - Indian Troops in France
Troops from India deploy in France, despite the threat Japan posed to India itself.

World War II in Asia - Japan Rising
Japanese troops raise their arms in triumph early in World War II, when Japan looked like an unstoppable juggernaut rolling over Asia.

Vietnam War Timeline (Second Indochina War)
Timeline of the Vietnam War (Second Indochina War). After World War II, France assumed that it would retake control of its colonial holdings in Southeast Asia. The Southeast Asian people had different ideas, however. After France's defeat by the Vietnamese in the First Indochina War, the U.S. became embroiled in a second war, which Americans call the Vietnam War.

Korean War Timeline
Timeline of the Korean War, which lasted from 1950 to 1953, and has never formally ended. See the timeline here.

12 Important Asian Battles
Twelve little-known battles that changed the course of Asian history forever, from the Battle of Gaugamela in 331 BCE, to the Battle of Kohima in 1944.

Photos of Korea - Old Photographs
Photos of Korea from the imperial era and Japanese occupation, c. 1895-1920. Pictures of Korean families, street scenes and everyday life.

Photos of Korea - Old Photographs
Photos of Korea from the imperial era and Japanese occupation, c. 1895-1920. Pictures of Korean families, street scenes and everyday life.

Funeral for Empress Myeongseong or Queen Min of Korea
Photo of the funeral procession for Queen Min of Korea, posthumously named Empress Myeongseong. She was assassinated by Japanese agents in 1895. Page 3.

Emperor Gojong of Korea and Prince Imperial Yi Wang
Emperor Gojong with his fifth son, Yi Wang. Page 2.

Gwangmu Emperor - Gojong of Korea
Emperor Gojong, who ended the Joseon Dynasty and founded the short-lived Korean Empire under Japanesee influence.

Japan's Ito Hirobumi and Korea's Crown Prince Yi Un
Photo of the Japanese Resident-General of Korea, Ito Hirobumi, with Crown Prince Euimin. Page 4.

Korea's Crown Prince Yi Eun in Japanese Uniform
Photo of the Korean Crown Prince Yi Eun in his Japanese Imperial Army uniform. Page 5.

Emperor Sunjong of Korea
Photo of Emperor Sunjong of Korea, the second Emperor and last Korean ruler of the Joseon dynastic line. Page 6.

A Servant of Korea's Empress Sunjeong
Photograph of a servant of Empress Sunjeong, the last empress of the Korean Empire. Page 8.

Asian History
Asian History. Page 10.

Royal Tombs of Korea
Photo of the royal tombs of Korea; the country was called

Siam Royal Children's Mini-Cadillac
A miniature Cadillac made for the royal children of Siam, 1913. Page 7.

King Chulalongkorn of Siam | Rama V of Thailand
King Chulalongkorn the Great of Siam, also known as Rama V, photographed in 1897. Page 6.

King Rama VII of Siam | Pradjahirok of Thailand
King Rama VII of Siam, who oversaw the transition from absolute to constitutional monarchy. Page 12.

King Rama VIII of Thailand | Chakri Kings of Siam
King Rama VIII of Thailand, or Ananda Mahidol, has one of the more mysterious histories of the Chakri kings of Siam or Thailand. Page 8.

Rama IX of Thailand | Chakri Kings of Siam
King Rama IX and his queen, who came to their thrones after the mysterious death of his older brother in 1946. Page 9.

Asian History
Asian History. Page 11.

History of the Visual and Performing Arts in Asia
Traces the development of uniquely Asian artistic expression, from Chinese shadow puppets to the monumental Buddhas in Bamiyan, Afghanistan, and from Balinese gamelan dance to Japanese block-printing and Mongolian throat-singing.

History of Modern China
China in the twentieth century witnessed cataclysmic changes. The Boxers rebelled, Last Emperor fell, Japan invaded, the Communists and Nationalists fought a civil war, Mao founded the People's Republic of China... Learn more about the seismic shifts in Modern Chinese History.

Modern Dictators in Asia
Read biographies of some of the modern dictators of Asia, including Islam Karimov, Than Shwe of Burma, Kim Jong-il of North Korea

Genghis Khan and the Mongols
Articles about Genghis Khan and his descendants, who built the second-largest empire in human history from the backs of their horses.

Leaders of the Philippines
Read biographies of leaders of the Philippines, from anti-colonial leaders like Jose Rizal to modern presidents Corazon Aquino or Ferdinand Marcos.

Zheng He and the Treasure Fleet Category
Collection of articles on Admiral Zheng He and the Treasure Fleet, sent out by the Yongle Emperor of China's Ming Dynasty.

History of Sri Lanka
Articles about the history and culture of Sri Lanka, formerly known as Ceylon.

Asia Environmental History- History of Environmental Change in Asia
Throughout human history, environmental events and shifts have changed the course of human societies. Earthquakes, tsunamis, typhoons, floods, droughts... These natural events can spell doom for civilizations, or lead to the growth of new cultures and technologies.

Asian Inventions and Inventors
Profiles the great practical, scientific, and technological advances to come out of Asia over the past 10,000 years. Early inventions covered include the domestication of animals, agriculture, and different writing systems; next, practical items such as paper, gunpowder, and seismographs; and finally newer technology like robots and HD TVs. Also provides profiles of the great minds that came up with these advances, when history records that information.

Female Heads of State | Modern Women in Power in Asia
List of female heads of state / heads of government in Asia during the modern era, including women in power as presidents or prime ministers.

Female Heads of State | Modern Women in Power in Asia
List of female heads of state / heads of government in Asia during the modern era, including women in power as presidents or prime ministers.

Vietnam War Wounded | Andrews Air Force Base 1968
Vietnam War wounded arrive at Andrews Air Force Base, 1968

US Marines Slosh through Flooded Forest | Vietnam War Photos
Photo of US Marines making their way through the flooded jungles of Southeast Asia, Vietnam War

President Lyndon Johnson and President Nguyen Van Thieu of South Vietnam in 1968
Photo of President Nguyen Van Thieu of South Vietnam and President Lyndon Johnson in 1968, laughing together during the Vietnam War.

US Marines on Jungle Patrol, Vietnam War, 1968 - Photo
US Marines on patrol in the Southeast Asian jungle, Vietnam War photos, 1968. Page 13.

Viet Cong Prisoners of War in Saigon | Vietnam War
Captured Viet Cong POWs and their weapons in Saigon, during the Vietnam War.

North Vietnamese Soldier Woman, 1968 - Photo
Photo of a North Vietnamese soldier woman during the Vietnam War, 1968. Page 15.

Vietnam War | Return to Hue
In 1968, the communist forces overran Hue, Vietnam. With a combination of ground forces and offshore artillery support, the US and South Vietnamese troops were able to recapture Hue from the communists. Civilian residents streamed back into the city.

Gun to Vietnamese Civilian Woman's Head 1969 - Photo
Photo of a Vietnamese civilian woman with a gun to her head during the Vietnam War, 1969. Page 17.

United States POW Paraded through the Streets | Vietnam War
Photo of a US Air Force First Lieutenant, L. Hughes, being paraded through the city streets after he was shot down by the North Vietnamese.

Agent Orange Defoliates Binhtre, South Vietnam | Vietnam War Photos
Photo of damage in South Vietnam from Agent Orange, a defoliating agent and chemical weapon used by the US in the Vietnam War.

South Vietnamese Fight to Escape fall of Nha Trang, March of 1975
End of the Vietnam War: South Vietnamese refugees fight to escape during the fall of Nha Trang, March of 1975

Ho Chi Minh Trail | Vietnam War
US soldiers patrol the Ho Chi Minh Trail, a supply route for Communist Forces during the Vietnam War (1965-1975) that ran through Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia.

Wounded at Dong Ha | Vietnam War Photos
US Marines and Navy medics carry a fallen comrade to safety at Dong Ha, during the Vietnam War

Vietnam Anti-War Protest | Washington DC 1967
Veterans march against the Vietnam War, Washington D.C. (1967)

US POW Captured by North Vietnamese Girl - Photo
Photo of US Air Force 1st Lieutenant Gerald Santo Venanzi being held captive by a young North Vietnamese girl after he was shot down over North Vietnam, 1967. Page 7.

North Vietnamese Prisoner of War and Corpses Photos
Graphic photo from the Vietnam War of prisoner of war being questioned near piles of corpses, 1967

Emerging from a Viet Cong Tunnel | Vietnam War
Photo of medic Moses Green pouring water on Staff Sergeant Melvin Gaines of the 173 Airborne Division in Vietnam. Gaines has just finished scouting a Viet Cong tunnel system.

U.S. Marines Patrol at Dong Ha, Vietnam 1966 - Photo
American marines on patrol in a swamp at Dong Ha, Vietnam during the Vietnam War, 1966. Page 3.

Bombing in Saigon, Vietnam by Viet Cong (1964)
Bombing in Saigon, Vietnam by Viet Cong (1964)

The Vietnam War in Photos
Ngo Dinh Diem, President of South Vietnam, is greeted by U.S. President Eisenhower

3 of Asia's Great Conquerors
Attila the Hun, Genghis Khan, and Timur or Tamerlane. They each came from the steppes of Central Asia, striking fear into the hearts of the settled peoples of western Asia and Europe. Learn more about them here.

Medieval Asian Rulers Called Great | Great Kings and Emperors of Asia
Asia has seen thousands of kings and emperors over the past five thousand years, but only a select few are called

Siam's Royal Family Photos
Photos of Thailand's or Siam's royal family, members of the Chakri Dynasty, from the early 20th century to the present.

Nobel Peace Prize Winners from Asia
Since 1973, twelve Asian people have won Nobel Peace Prizes. See the prize winners, and learn more about the reasons they were honored with Nobel Prizes.

Nobel Peace Prize Winners from Asia
Since 1973, twelve Asian people have won Nobel Peace Prizes. See the prize winners, and learn more about the reasons they were honored with Nobel Prizes.

Facts and History About the Country of Cambodia
The ancient land of Cambodia was a seat of Southeast Asian culture for centuries. During the 20th century, this nation was rocked by the horrors of World War II, the Vietnam War and the Khmer Rouge genocide. Learn more about the people, culture, and tragic history of Cambodia.

Pol Pot, Butcher of Cambodia - Biography
Biography of Pol Pot, the Khmer Rouge leader of Cambodia who oversaw the genocide of perhaps 25% of his own people.

Cinderella Castle - Japan
Photo gallery of Japanese Castles from the 14th century onward. Page 20.

Nakatsu Castle - Samurai Armor - Japan
Photo gallery of Japanese Castles from the 14th century onward. Page 12.

Fushimi Castle - Japan
Photo gallery of Japanese Castles from the 14th century onward. Page 5.

Fushimi Castle - Japan
Photo gallery of Japanese Castles from the 14th century onward. Page 4.

Gujo Hachiman Castle | Japan
Photo gallery of Japanese Castles from the 14th century onward. Page 7.

Himeji Castle - Japan
Photo gallery of Japanese Castles from the 14th century onward. Page 3.

Himeji Castle - Japan
Photo gallery of Japanese Castles from the 14th century onward. Page 2.

Himeji Castle | Japan
Photo of the famously beautiful Himeji Castle on a winter day, from a gallery of Japanese Castles dating from the 14th century onward.

Kishiwada Castle - Japan
Photo gallery of Japanese Castles from the 14th century onward. Page 8.

Matsumoto Castle - Japan
Photo of roof detail from Matsumoto Castle, also called Fukashi Castle, in a gallery of Japanese Castles from the 14th century onward. Page 10.

Matsumoto Castle - Japan
Photo gallery of Japanese Castles from the 14th century onward. Page 9.

Nagoya Castle | Castles of Japan
Photo of Nagoya Castle in Japan, one the most beautiful and famous of Japanese castles built from the 14th century onward. Page 6.

Nakatsu Castle | Japan
Photo gallery of Japanese Castles from the 14th century onward. Page 11.

Okayama Castle - Japan
Photo gallery of Japanese Castles from the 14th century onward. Page 14.

Okayama Castle - Japan
Photo gallery of Japanese Castles from the 14th century onward. Page 13.

Osaka Castle - Japan
Photo gallery of Japanese Castles from the 14th century onward. Page 18.

Osaka Castle - Japan
Photo gallery of Japanese Castles from the 14th century onward. Page 16.

Osaka Castle - Japan
Photo gallery of Japanese Castles from the 14th century onward. Page 19.

Osaka Castle Detail - Japan
Photo gallery of Japanese Castles from the 14th century onward. Page 17.

Tsuruga Castle - Aizu Wakamatsu Castle - Japan
Photo gallery of Japanese Castles from the 14th century onward. Page 15.

Japanese Castles - Photo Gallery
Photo gallery of Japanese Castles from the 14th century onward.

Japanese Castles - Photo Gallery
Photo gallery of Japanese Castles from the 14th century onward.

Flexible Shaolin Monk
Ouch! A Shaolin monk demonstrates his incredible flexibility. Page 22.

Trial by Pain - Shaolin Monk Performs Five Spears Demonstration
A Shaolin monk displays his mastery of pain in the Five Spears demonstration. Page 23.

Shaolin Monk with Swirling Cloak
His cloak swirling theatrically, this Shaolin monk strikes a pose on the mountain. Page 7.

Shaolin Monks Fighting
Shaolin monks demonstrate fighting technique, staff versus guan dao or polearm weapon. Page 14.

Shaolin Monk in Contemplation
An older Shaolin monk in contemplation. Temple life includes more than just martial arts training. Page 24.

Shaolin Monk Balances on Staff
A Shaolin monk balances on his staff to scan the horizon. Page 12.

Shaolin Monks Spar with Twin Swords and Staff
Monks from the Shaolin Temple spar using twin swords versus staff. Page 19.

Monk in Shaolin's Stupa Forest
A Shaolin monk flits among the forest of stupas that honor famous monks of the past. Page 21.

Shaolin Monk's Flexibility
A Shaolin monk displays the incredible flexibility needed to master Shaolin kung fu. Page 6.

Flying Shaolin Monk
A Shaolin monk soars through the air in a kung fu stance. Page 20.

Flying Shaolin Monk with Sword
A Shaolin monk seems to defy gravity as he demonstrates sword technique. Page 5.

Shaolin Monks on a Mountainside
Three Shaolin monks strike fighting poses while standing on a steep mountainside. Page 18.

Shaolin Monk with Twin Hook Swords
A Shaolin monk poses on a mountainside with twin hook swords. Page 16.

Shaolin Temple Exterior
An exterior photo of the famed Shaolin Temple in Henan Province, China. Page 2.

Shaolin Monk's Flying Slash
Flying through the air with a sword and a grimace, this Shaolin monk shows his fighting prowess. Page 9.

Shaolin Monk Demonstrates Kung Fu Kick
A Shaolin monk demonstrates a kung fu kick.

Shaolin Monks at Mealtime
The famous fighting monks of Shaolin Temple take a break from training and eat a simple meal. Page 3.

Shaolin Monk's Hands
A Shaolin monk demonstrates kung fu technique with prayer beads. Page 4.

Shaolin Monks Sparring
Two Shaolin monks demonstrate Shaolin style kung fu sparring. Page 10.

Two Shaolin Monks Come to Grips
Two Shaolin monks come to grips in a kung fu sparring stance. Page 17.

Shaolin Monk with Twin Hook Sword
This Shaolin monk wields the shang guo or twin hook sword. Page 8.

Shaolin Monk Poses with Sword
Shaolin monk wields sword. Asian History. Page 15.

Shaolin Monk with Guan Dao or Polearm Weapon
Shaolin monk wields guan dao or polearm weapon. Page 11.

Shaolin Monk with Twin Hook Swords
With the two blades separated, this Shaolin monk demonstrates twin hook blades technique. Page 13.

Shaolin Monks | Photo Gallery
The monks of Shaolin Temple in Henan Province, China, are masters of the martial art of kung fu. See photos of Shaolin monks demonstrating different martial arts techniques here.

Shaolin Monks | Photo Gallery
The monks of Shaolin Temple in Henan Province, China, are masters of the martial art of kung fu. See photos of Shaolin monks demonstrating different martial arts techniques here.

Portrait of a Geisha | Meiji Japan
Photograph of a geisha in Meiji Japan, 1904.

Japanese Print | Two Geishas
Woodblock print of two geishas in Tokugawa Japan, c. 1777.

Four Geishas in Elaborate Kimono
Japanese woodblock print of four geishas in beautifully elaborate silk kimonos and intricate hairstyles.

Geishas Pouring Sake, 1801
Woodcut block of Japanese geishas pouring sake, c. 1801.

Japanese Geishas Painting, c. 1900
Woodblock print of four geishas painting, c. 1900.

Geisha and Attendant | Meiji Japan Photos
A geisha in Meiji Japan sits in her elaborate kimono, while a more simply dressed attendant stands at her side. Black and white photograph from 1904.

Young Geishas or Maiko Perform in Kyoto, 1906
Geisha trainees or maiko perform a dance, accompanied by shamisen and percussion.

A Geisha's Wig, 1950
A geisha's assistant places an elaborate waxed-hair wig adorned with ornaments on the geisha's head. 1950.

Geisha Dance Performance in Kyoto, 2010
A geisha performs a traditional dance in Kyoto, Japan in 2010.

Four Maiko Pose for Advertisements, 2010
Four maiko pose for an advertisement of the Kyoto dance performances in 2010.

Geisha Close-Up Photo, Kyoto Japan
Geisha in Kyoto, Japan. This close-up photo highlights their extremely white makeup and red lips.

Photo of a Geisha and Shamisen, 1955
Photo from 1955 of a geisha in Kyoto playing the shamisen, a favorite traditional Japanese musical instrument.

Boxer Rebellion Photos | Executed Boxers
WARNING! GRAPHIC PHOTO. The decapitated heads of alleged Boxers, executed after the Boxer Rebellion. Photo essay of the Boxer Rebellion in China at the turn of the 20th century.

Boxer Rebellion Photos | Qing Imperial Army Cadets at Tientsin
Chinese Imperial Army cadets were initially prepared to enter the fight on the foreigners' side, but the imperial family threw its allegience behind the Boxers instead. Photo essay of the Boxer Rebellion in China at the turn of the 20th century.

Boxer Rebellion Photos | Chinese Regulars at Tientsin
Chinese regular army soldiers line up in support of the Boxers, against the Eight Nation Invading Force at the Battle of Tientsin. Photo essay of the Boxer Rebellion in China at the turn of the 20th century.

Boxer Rebellion Photos | German Troops at Tientsin
German army troops from Kaiser Wilhelm's imperial forces. Eager for a

Boxer Rebellion in Photos
A Chinese family shares a meal in the ruins of their home after the Battle of Tientsin. Photo essay of the Boxer Rebellion in China at the turn of the 20th century.

Boxer Rebellion in Photos | Imperial Family Flees Peking
Photo essay of the Boxer Rebellion in China at the turn of the 20th century. Chinese Boxers (martial artists) took on foreigners in Peking, Tientsin and across the country towards the end of the Qing Dynasty.

Boxer Rebellion Photos | Captured Boxer Prisoners
Chinese Boxers are captured by foreign troops during the Boxer Rebellion. In all likelihood, these men were executed shortly after their capture. Photo essay of the Boxer Rebellion in China at the turn of the 20th century.

Boxer Rebellion in Photos
Accused Chinese Boxers on trial before a court in Qing China. Photo essay of the Boxer Rebellion in China at the turn of the 20th century.

Boxer Rebellion in Photos
Foreign troops took part in executing convicted Boxers at the end of the Boxer Rebellion. Photo essay of the Boxer Rebellion in China at the turn of the 20th century.

Boxer Rebellion Photos | American Embassy Staff
Surviving members of the American Legation in Peking after the end of the Boxer Rebellion. Photo essay of the Boxer Rebellion in China at the turn of the 20th century.

Boxer Rebellion Photos | Chinese Catholics Defend Church
Converts to Catholicism stand ready to defend their church with two firearms and what appears to be a golf-club. Photo essay of the Boxer Rebellion in China at the turn of the 20th century.

Boxer Rebellion Photos | The Kansu Braves
Hui Muslim Chinese men from Gansu Province joined the Boxer Rebellion, and marched on Beijing. Photo essay of the Boxer Rebellion in China at the turn of the 20th century.

Boxer Rebellion Photos | Forbidden City Ammunition Pile
Chinese Boxers (martial artists) took on foreigners in Peking, Tientsin and across the country towards the end of the Qing Dynasty. Photo essay of the Boxer Rebellion in China at the turn of the 20th century.

Boxer Rebellion Photos | Prince Su
Prince Su of the Qing court, who aided some of the foreigners besieged in their embassy compounds in Peking (Beijing). Photo essay of the Boxer Rebellion in China at the turn of the 20th century.

Boxer Rebellion Photos | Eight Nation Invasion Force
The Eight Nation Invasion Force - including soldiers and sailors from Great Britain, France, Austria-Hungary, the United States, Germany, Italy, Russia and Japan - prepares to move upriver to relieve the besieged foreign legations in Beijing. Photo essay of the Boxer Rebellion in China at the turn of the 20th century.

Boxer Rebellion | Chinese Christians Flee
Boxers killed or drove out tens of thousands of Chinese who had converted to Christianity under the tutelage of western missionaries. Photo essay of the Boxer Rebellion in China.

Calonarong - Barong Masked Dance of Bali
Photos and history of Bali's famous calonarong masked dance, featuring the lion Barong, representing good, versus the witch Rangda, representing evil.

Calonarong - Barong Masked Dance of Bali
Photos and history of Bali's famous calonarong masked dance, featuring the lion Barong, representing good, versus the witch Rangda, representing evil.

Calonarong - Barong Masked Dance of Bali
Photos and history of Bali's famous calonarong masked dance, featuring the lion Barong, representing good, versus the witch Rangda, representing evil.

Boxer Rebellion in China | Boxer Rebels
Photo of Boxers on the march, northern China, at the beginning of the Boxer Rebellion (1899-1901). Photo essay on the Boxer Rebellion.

Boxer Rebellion Photos | A Boxer Rebel with Pike
Chinese Boxers (martial artists) like the man shown here took on foreigners in Peking, Tientsin and across the country towards the end of the Qing Dynasty. Photo essay of the Boxer Rebellion in China at the turn of the 20th century.

Where Is Dubai?
Answer to the frequently-asked question Where Is Dubai? from your About.com Guide to Asian History.

Calonarong - Barong Masked Dance of Bali
Photos and history of Bali's famous calonarong masked dance, featuring the lion Barong, representing good, versus the witch Rangda, representing evil.

Calonarong - Barong Masked Dance of Bali
Photos and history of Bali's famous calonarong masked dance, featuring the lion Barong, representing good, versus the witch Rangda, representing evil.

Calonarong - Barong Masked Dance of Bali
Photos and history of Bali's famous calonarong masked dance, featuring the lion Barong, representing good, versus the witch Rangda, representing evil.

Calonarong - Barong Masked Dance of Bali
Photos and history of Bali's famous calonarong masked dance, featuring the lion Barong, representing good, versus the witch Rangda, representing evil.

Calonarong - Barong Masked Dance of Bali
Photos and history of Bali's famous calonarong masked dance, featuring the lion Barong, representing good, versus the witch Rangda, representing evil.

Calonarong - Barong Masked Dance of Bali
Photos and history of Bali's famous calonarong masked dance, featuring the lion Barong, representing good, versus the witch Rangda, representing evil.

Spread of Islam to 750
Map of the spread of Islam in Asia up to the year 750, when the Umayyad caliphate fell to the Abbasids.

Spread of Islam in Asia to 1500 CE
Map of the spread of Islam in Asia to 1500 CE, mostly via the Silk Road and Indian Ocean trade routes.

Calonarong - Barong Masked Dance of Bali
Photos and history of Bali's famous calonarong masked dance, featuring the lion Barong, representing good, versus the witch Rangda, representing evil.

Map of Islam in Asia, 632 CE
Map of Islam in Asia as of 632 CE, at the time of the Prophet Muhammad's death.

Map of the Spread of Islam in Asia to 661 CE
Map of the spread of Islam in Asia to 661 CE, under the first four caliphs.

Map of Islam in Modern Asia
Map of predominantly Muslim nations and areas in modern Asia.

What Is the Taj Mahal?
Glossary definition of the term Taj Mahal from your About.com Guide to Asian History.

Thugs or Thuggees of India
Brief history of the Thugs or Thuggees, a murderous cult in India that preyed upon wealthy travelers from the 13th to the 19th century.

Tangshan Earthquake in China
The Great Tangshan Earthquake of 1976 rattled much of northern China, and caused more casualties than any other quake in the twentieth century. It also shook the halls of power, fundamentally changing the people's view of the top Communist leadership.

The Tiananmen Square Massacre - Background and Causes
In 1989, the Chinese government cracked down on protests in Tiananmen Square killing between 250 and 7,000 people in the Tiananmen Square Massacre.

Tiananmen Square Massacre - Details
Asian History. Page 2.

Tiananmen Square Massacre - Aftermath
In 1989, the Chinese government faced escalating student protests in Beijing and other cities. The regime cracked down hard, with tanks and soldiers from the People's Liberation Army. Estimates of the number of students, soldiers, and ordinary citizens killed range between 241 (government numbers) to 2,600 (Chinese Red Cross) to 7,000 (foreign NGOs). Video and photos gave the world a front-row seat at the Tiananmen Square Massacre, sparking wide-spread condemnation of the government's actions. Page 3.

Tibet and China: Early History
Is Tibet part of China? History of the interactions between China and Tibet, including the unclear relationship between the two over time. Was Tibet really part of China before 1949, or was it an independent country?

Tibet and China, page 2
Asian History. Page 2.

History of Tibet - Is Tibet Part of China?
Is Tibet part of China? History of the interactions between China and Tibet, including the unclear relationship between the two over time. Was Tibet really part of China before 1949, or was it an independent country? Page 3.

Tibet and China, page 4
Asian History. Page 4.

Chaebol Definition
Glossary definition of the term chaebol from your About.com Guide to Asian History.

Bakufu in Japan
Glossary definition of the term bakufu from your About.com Expert on Asian History.

What Is a Djinn?
Glossary definition of the term djinn from your About.com Guide to Asian History.

Ming China Stops the Treasure Fleet Voyages
Why did Ming China stop sending out the treasure fleets in 1433? How would world history have been different, if the Ming Dynasty had continued its Indian Ocean presence? These are some of the great questions of Asian history.

Who Were the Seljuks?
Glossary definition of the word Seljuk from your About.com Guide to Asian History.

The Seven Voyages of the Ming Chinese Treasure Fleet
In the early fifteenth century, Admiral Zheng He led the Ming Chinese Treasure Fleet on seven voyages around the Indian Ocean, traveling as far as Arabia and East Africa. Learn more about the seven voyages of Zheng He and the Treasure fleet here.

Who Were the Burakumin?
Who were the burakumin or untouchables of Japan? Learn about them in this definition of the term burakumin from About.com Asian History.

Where Is Shangri-La?
Definition of Shangri-La from your About.com Guide to Asian History.

What Is the Domino Theory?
Learn about the Domino Theory of communism here. What was it? Why did the US fear it? What did US policy makers do to stop the dominoes falling?

Who Are the Brahmins? (Indian Caste System)
Who are the Brahmins? Find out in this glossary definition from your About.com Guide to Asian History.

Who Were the Mujahideen of Afghanistan?
Who were the Afghan mujahideen? Learn about this fierce fighting force in Afghanistan, from your About.com Guide to Asian History.

What Was the Pax Mongolica?
Learn about the Pax Mongolica, a period of peace, stability, and international cooperation that resulted from the Mongol conquests in Eurasia.

Monsoon Cycle | Fall of Chinese Dynasties
The changing strength of the monsoon cycle of rains in China has powered the fall of several major dynasties in the Chinese Empire, according to environmental data.

Asian History
Asian History. Page 2.

Nomads and Settled People in Asian History
It's the age-old contest: nomads versus settled people. How has this rivalry played out in Asian history? What does the future hold for nomadic peoples?

Qatar | Facts and History
Facts and history about the nation of Qatar, an oil-rich country on the Arabian Peninsula, and home to the Al Jazeera News Network.

The Invention of Chess
Today, chess is considered a nerdy pursuit, but it began as strategic military training. Where and when did chess originate?

The Maharaja of Mysore, 1920
Photo from 1920 of the Maharaja of Mysore, ruler of a semi-autonomous princely state in colonial India.

Making Opium in Colonial India
Workers in colonial India prepare blocks of opium, likely for export to China. Britain forced its way into the Chinese market by requiring the Qing Dynasty to allow in highly addictive opium from its raj in India.

Brahmin Children in Colonial India, 1922
Children of the Brahmin or highest caste in colonial Indian society, Bombay, 1922.

Royal Elephant in Colonial India
A richly decorated royal elephant in colonial India.

Gurkha Piper Division | Colonial Indian Army
A Gurkha piper division in the colonial British Indian Army, 1930

The Maharaja of Nabha, 1934
The Maharaja of Nabha, a Sikh princely state in the northwestern area of India called Punjab.

Prince of Wales with a Tiger, British India, 1875-76
The Prince of Wales with a tiger, British India, 1875-76.

Lady Mary Curzon | Vicereine of India
The stately Lady Mary Curzon as Vicereine of India, 1901.

Snake Charmers in India
Snake charmers ply their trade in colonial India, 1903. When they aren't charming the cobras, the men carry them in the woven baskets at their sides.

Pet Cheetah in Colonial India, 1906
A pet cheetah in colonial India; the big cats were kept for hunting, and this one is hooded like a hawk.

Dancing Girls in British India
Dancing girls and musicians in old Delhi, India, 1907

British in Colonial India Photo Essay
HRH the Prince of Wales, later King Edward VII, rides an elephant to hunt in British India, c. 1875-76.

Blowing from Guns | Colonial India
Disturbing picture of British officers using cannons to blow apart alleged Indian mutineers, 1857.

George Curzon | Viceroy of India
George Curzon, who became the British Viceroy of India in 1899 just as a terrible famine struck.

Indian Ocean Trade Routes - Asian History
Map and brief history of the Indian Ocean Trade network, which linked China and Indonesia with India, the Arab world and East Africa for thousands of years.

Indian Ocean Trade Routes - Asian History
Map and brief history of the Indian Ocean Trade network, which linked China and Indonesia with India, the Arab world and East Africa for thousands of years.

Indian Ocean Trade Routes - Asian History
Map and brief history of the Indian Ocean Trade network, which linked China and Indonesia with India, the Arab world and East Africa for thousands of years.

The Eruption of Krakatoa, 1883
When Krakatoa erupted in 1883, it made the loudest sound in recorded history and killed tens of thousands of people in Indonesia.

The World's Worst Taxes
You think your income tax rate is bad? It's nothing compared with these taxes - the worst taxes in history!

Eviction from the Forbidden City in Beijing
The emperor and his staff get evicted from the Forbidden City, 1923.

Detail of the Forbidden City in China
Detail of an imperial dragon from the Forbidden City in China.

The Chinese Imperial Throne Room
The Chinese emperors' throne in the Palace of Heavenly Purity at the Forbidden City.

Foreign Gifts and Tribute - Clocks in the Forbidden City
Clocks in the Forbidden City's museum, from all over Europe.

China's Forbidden City
Outer gate of the Forbidden City in Beijing China.

Timeline of Chinese History
Timeline of Chinese History from Peking Man through the modern day.

The Opium Wars | Britain versus China
What were the Opium Wars, and why did they happen? Learn more about the First and Second Opium Wars between China and Great Britain.

First Opium War
Learn more about the First Opium War between Qing China and Britain, 1839-1842

Second Opium War | Britain vs Qing China
The First Opium War between Britain and Qing China left some issues unsettled - including the status of the opium trade. As European imperial power grew in Asia during the 19th century, the European powers decided to use force to renegotiate their relationship with China, resulting in the Second Opium War (1856-60).

Haunted Asian Historical Sites
These historical sites are world-famous for their architectural beauty, their historical significance, or their spiritual power. If you visit after dark, however, you may find that spirits from the past truly do linger. Learn about five of Asia's spookiest sites here!

Cantonese Opera Photos - Nine-tail Fox
Cantonese Opera performer as the character Nine-tailed Fox. Page 14.

Tiananmen Square Protests | Beijing, China (1989)
Vehicles burn in Beijing, China, during the Tiananmen Square Protests of 1989. Demonstrating university students were crushed by the People's Liberation Army, which used tanks, bayonets and live ammunition on the crowds of protestors. 200 - 3,000 protestors were killed. Page 2.

Tiananmen Square Massacre | People's Liberation Army Tank
Chinese student protestors swarm over a captured PLA tank, Tiananmen Square Protests, Beijing, China (1989). Page 5.

Tiananmen Square Protests | Goddess of Democracy
Art students put finishing touches on their Goddess of Democracy statue, Tiananmen Square, Beijing, China, 1989.

Tiananmen Square Protests | Beijing, China 1989
The People's Liberation Army moves into Tiananmen Square, June 1989. The PLA cracked down on university student protestors, killing between 200 and 3000 peaceful demonstrators in Beijing, China. Page 3.

Tianamen Square Massacre | Injured student, Beijing, China
A student gets comfort and a cigarette, the Tiananmen Square Massacre, Beijing China (1989). Page 6.

Tiananmen Square Protests | People's Liberation Army of China
Student protestors, including one girl with a camera, struggle with soldiers from the Chinese Army, the PLA. Tiananmen Square, 1989. Page 4.

Tank Man | Tiananmen Square Massacre
Jeff Widener's iconic photo Tank Man, the shot of a solitary young man facing down a column of People's Liberation Army tanks during the Tiananmen Square Massacre of 1989. Page 7.

Tiananmen Square Massacre Photos from 1989
Gallery of photos from the Tiananmen Square Protests and Tiananmen Square Massacre of 1989, by Jeff Widener (AP) and Robert Croma.

Central Asia Timeline
Central Asia timeline, laying out the region's history from the Aryan invasion through the modern day.

Kabuki Theater in Japan
Learn more about the history of Kabuki theater, one of Japan's classical drama forms, along with noh and bunraku.

Origins of Kabuki
Learn more about the history of Kabuki theater, one of Japan's classical drama forms, along with noh and bunraku.

All Male Kabuki
Learn more about the history of Kabuki theater, one of Japan's classical drama forms, along with noh and bunraku.

Kabuki Theater Matures
Learn more about the history of Kabuki theater, one of Japan's classical drama forms, along with noh and bunraku.

Kabuki and the Ninja
Learn more about the history of Kabuki theater, one of Japan's classical drama forms, along with noh and bunraku.

Kabuki and the Samurai
Learn more about the history of Kabuki theater, one of Japan's classical drama forms, along with noh and bunraku.

Kabuki and the Meiji Restoration
Learn more about the history of Kabuki theater, one of Japan's classical drama forms, along with noh and bunraku.

Kabuki in the 20th Century
Learn more about the history of Kabuki theater, one of Japan's classical drama forms, along with noh and bunraku.

Kabuki Actor Bando Minosuke as Daimyo Akechi Mitsuhide
Famed Kabuki theater actor Bando Minosuke plays the daimyo Akechi Mitsuhide, who forced warlord Oda Nobunaga to commit suicide in 1582. Page 9.