Asian History Sitemap - Page 2 2016-09-26

Kabuki Actor Bando Mitsugoro as Samurai Satsumanokami Tadanori
Famed Kabuki actor Bando Mitsugoro as the samurai Satsumanokami Tadanori. Page 8.

Kabuki Actor Nakamura Shikan Performs as a Samurai
The Kabuki actor Nakamura Shikan portrays a samurai on a snowy day. Page 5.

Asian History
Asian History. Page 6.

Kabuki Actor as Samurai in Shibaraku
In this Japanese print, a Kabuki theater actor plays the role of the samurai Kamakura Kagemasa in the play

Bahrain | Facts and History
Facts about Bahrain, an island nation in the Persian Gulf, as well as a brief history of the country.

Empress Wu Zetian of Tang and Zhou
Empress Wu Zetian of the Zhou Dynasty was the only woman to rule imperial China in her own right, rather than as a consort or dowager. Learn more about this fascinating woman here.

How Historically Accurate Is "The Mikado"?
Does the Gilbert and Sullivan operetta

Lebanon | Facts and History
Facts about Lebanon, including its people, climate, and economy, as well as a brief history of the country.

Fearless Oya Taro Mitsukuni
In this Yoshitoshi Taiso woodcut print, the samurai Oya Taro Mitsukuni watches a battle between skeleton armies conjured by the sorceress Princess Takiyasha, but does not quail. 1865.

Yoshitoshi - Watanabe no Tsuna Cuts off Demon Ibaraki's arm
Woodcut print by Yoshitoshi Taiso of Japanese samurai Watanabe no Tsuna about to cut off the arm of the Demon Ibaraki, 1880s.

Demon Ibaraki Flies Away
In this print by Yoshitoshi Taiso, the demon Ibaraki flies away after recovering his severed arm from the samurai Watanabe no Tsuna.

Taira no Tomomori's Ghost Seeks Revenge
In this print by Yoshitoshi Taiso, the ghost of Taira no Tomomori walks across the sea seeking revenge for his family's defeat in the Genpei War (1180-1185).

Samurai Warrior Tada no Manchu and the Dragon
In this Yoshitoshi Taiso woodblock print, the samurai warrior Tada no Manchu fires arrows from horseback into a river dragon. This print is part of the series

Japanese Fairy Tale "The Tongue-Cut Sparrow"
Yoshitoshi Taiso's print of the fairy tale

Demons Fly out of Pandora's Box - The Tongue-Cut Sparrow
In the Japanese version of Pandora's Box, the old woman who cut out a sparrow's tongue opens her gift basket and finds it full of demons rather than treasure. Print by Japan's woodcut print master Yoshitoshi Taiso, 1880s.

Demon Ibaraki recovers arm from Watanabe no Tsuna
In this woodblock print by Japanese master Yoshitoshi Taiso, the demon Ibaraki finds the trunk where samurai Watanabe no Tsuna has hidden its arm. 1880s.

Night Moon over Mount Manno
In Yoshitoshi Taiso's print

Yoshitoshi Taiso - Ghosts and Demons
Yoshitoshi Taiso (1839-1892) was one of Japan's greatest woodblock print artists, but he lived a troubled life. See some of his works that depict frightening demons, ghosts and ghouls.

1899-1900 Famine in India
The 1899-1900 Famine in India killed literally millions of people, and highlighted British mismanagement and insensitivity to the problems their rule created in colonial India.

1899-1900 Famine in India
The 1899-1900 Famine in India killed literally millions of people, and highlighted British mismanagement and insensitivity to the problems their rule created in colonial India.

1899-1900 Famine in India
The 1899-1900 Famine in India killed literally millions of people, and highlighted British mismanagement and insensitivity to the problems their rule created in colonial India.

1899-1900 Famine in India
The 1899-1900 Famine in India killed literally millions of people, and highlighted British mismanagement and insensitivity to the problems their rule created in colonial India.

11 Domestic Animals that Originated in Asia
See eleven common animals - from dogs to koi fish - that were first domesticated in Asia.

Modern Asian Inventions
Between 1100 and 2000 CE, Asian nations produced an astonishing array of inventions. Beginning with the magnetic compass, and moving on through the toothbrush, the multi-function bidet, and the PlayStation game console, modern Asian inventions span the continent and the realm of possible functions.

Ancient Asian Inventions
Once the most basic inventions had been created in prehistoric times - food, transport, clothing, alcohol - humanity was free to create more luxurious goods. In ancient times, Asian inventors came up with such fripperies as silk, soap, glass, ink, parasols, and kites. Some inventions of a more serious nature also appeared at this time: writing, irrigation, and map-making, for example.

Sri Lanka - Facts and History
Profile of Sri Lanka, formerly called Ceylon, including facts about the history, economy, people and major cities.

Biography of the First Sultan - Mahmud of Ghazni
Biography of Mahmud of Ghazni, the Muslim ruler who between 997 and 1030 CE conquered much of what is now Afghanistan, Pakistan, northern India, and eastern Iran from his base in Ghazni, Afghanistan.

Bamiyan Buddha, Afghanistan in 1977
The smaller of the two Bamiyan Buddhas in Afghanistan in 1977, before they were destroyed by the Taliban.

Destruction of the Bamiyan Buddhas
The Taliban destroyed the Bamiyan Buddhas in 2001 with mortars and dynamite, since some militants considered them idolatrous.

Life in Bamiyan
Everyday life goes on after the Bamiyan Buddhas were destroyed; the wheat harvest in Bamiyan, Afghanistan, 2010.

Qajar Dynasty | Persia
Glossary definition of the term Qajar Dynasty from your Guide to Asian History.

Viet Minh Definition
Glossary definition of the term Viet Minh from your Guide to Asian History.

The Philippines | Facts and History
The Philippines is an island nation in the western Pacific. Learn about the history, geography, and people of this fascinating country.

Joseon Dynasty - Ancient Korean History
The Joseon dynasty ruled the Korea Peninsula from 1392 until the Japanese occupation of Korea in 1910.

Andres Bonifacio Biography - Philippines History
Biography of Supremo Andres Bonifacio, rebel leader of Katipunan, and national hero of the Philippines.

Akbar the Great - Biography of the Mughal Emperor
Famed for his religious tolerance, empire-building and patronage of the arts, he is known as Akbar the Great.

People's Republic of China | Facts and History
Profile of the People's Republic of China, including facts about China's people, geography, culture, and history.

Jose Rizal Biography - National Hero of the Philippines
Rizal was a genius and polymath who advocated for human rights during Spanish colonial rule in the Philippines. He was executed at the age of 35.

Asian Country Histories
Asian Country Histories from A to Y

Asian Countries L to R
Profiles and history of Asian countries beginning with L through R

Honor Killings or Shame Killings in Asia
In patriarchal societies in South and Southwest Asia, women and less often men are sometimes killed to preserve their families’ honor.


Indonesia - Facts and History
The archipelago nation of Indonesia is renowned for its beauty, its arts, its geological instability and its complicated political and religious life.

The Iranian Revolution 1979
Brief history of the Iranian Revolution of 1979, in which Islamic clerics overthrew Shah Pahlavi and established the Islamic Republic of Iran.

The Historic Fight over the "Mountain of Light"
Few jewels have been claimed by more ruling families than the magnificent Koh-i-Noor Diamond, currently set into the British Queen Mother's crown.

Oda Nobunaga
Oda Nobunaga began the process of reunifying Japan after the chaotic Sengoku period. His task was completed by Toyotomi Hideyoshi and Tokugawa Ieyasu.

Invention of the Crossbow in Asian History
Learn more here about the invention of the crossbow, probably in China or nearby parts of Central Asia.

History of the Indian Subcontinent and Himalayas Region
History of the interactions between the Indian subcontinent and the Himalayan nations, including India, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, and Tibet. Includes history from the earliest civilizations through the troubled present day.

The Chinese Civil Service Exam System
What was the Chinese civil service exam system? How did this meritocratic system of Confucian study shape imperial China?

Timur or Tamerlane - A Brief Biography
Biography of Tamerlane, more properly known as Timur, the Central Asian conqueror. His empire stretched from Turkey to the border of Tibet, and from southern Russia to Oman.

Tipu Sultan, Tiger of Mysore
Tipu Sultan, also known as the Tiger of Mysore, was the last ruler in India strong enough to dictate terms to the British East India Company.

Qin Shi Huang - Biography of China's First Emperor
Qin Shi Huang was the first emperor of a unified China. He is famous for the terracotta army, and for beginning work on the Great Wall of China.

Benazir Bhutto - Former Prime Minister of Pakistan
Biography of Benazir Bhutto, the former Prime Minister of Pakistan and daughter of Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, the founder of the Pakistan Peoples Party. Benazir Bhutto was assassinated in 2007.

Too Many Shylocks | Puck Editorial Cartoon on War Indemnities against China, Boxer Rebellion
Editorial cartoon from Puck Magazine portraying Qing China as Antonio, Shakespeare's Merchant of Venice, and the foreign powers as Shylock, looking to take their pounds of flesh (aka war indemnities) after putting down the Boxer Rebellion.

Puck Cartoon of Boxer Rebellion in China
A Puck Magazine Editorial Cartoon about the Boxer Rebellion in China. Emperor Guangxu refuses to confront the Boxer dragon, so the foreign powers threaten to do it for him.

In the Chinese Labyrinth | Puck Cartoon of Boxer Rebellion in China
In this Puck Magazine editorial cartoon from 1900, the foreign Great Powers warily tiptoe into China, worried about putting their feet into the bear-trap of full scale war.

European Powers Prepare to Carve up China after the Boxer Rebellion | Editorial Cartoon
In this 1900 Puck Magazine editorial cartoon, the European powers and Japan prepare to carve up the carcass of China after the Boxer Rebellion. The American eagle stands sternly back from the fray.

Jesus and Confucius Mourn Together | Puck Cartoon of Boxer Rebellion in China
Puck Magazine editorial cartoon showing Jesus and Confucius mourning together over the Boxer Rebellion, 1900.

Expedition of the European Powers against the Boxers | Editorial Cartoon, 1900
Editorial cartoon from the French L'assiette au Beurre, showing the major European powers trampling babies and carrying heads on a staff as they put down the Boxer Rebellion in China. Japan trails behind.

Awakening of China - A Disturbing Possibility | Puck Editorial Cartoon on the Boxer Rebellion
Puck Magazine editorial cartoon from September 1901, showing the Boxer Rebellion victors sitting down to their spoils, while a Sword of Damocles labeled

The Latest Chinese Wall | Editorial Cartoon on Boxer Rebellion Aftermath
In the aftermath of the Boxer Rebellion, the Russian bear tries to get at a laughing China while the bear's erstwhile allies hold it off. This Puck Magazine cartoon portrays the breakdown of relations among the Eight Nation coalition; expansionist Russia wanted to take Manchuria, but the Boxer Protocol did not include land seizure in the reparations.

What Is the Difference Between Iran and Iraq?
It's easy to confuse Iran and Iraq - after all, they are right next to one another, and their names are so similar. However, they are both proud and ancient lands, with a history of not getting along well. Avoid a gaffe - learn the difference between Iran and Iraq.

History of Japan
Articles on the history of Japan, as well as its people and culture. Includes information on its earliest history, through the imperial era, the shogunates, and the tumultuous 20th century.

Feudal Japan
Articles on feudal Japan, the age of the samurai and the ninja

Lucky Dragon Incident - Bikini Atoll Nuclear Test
Learn about the Lucky Dragon Incident, in which a Japanese tuna fishing boat was covered with fallout from an American hydrogen bomb test on the Bikini Atoll in 1954.

History of the Yakuza in Japan
A brief history of the Yakuza, Japan's organized crime syndicates with roots back in the Tokugawa period.

What Is the Custom of Sati?
According to the old custom of sati, Hindu women who outlived their husbands were expected to join them on their funeral pyres, and be burned alive.

Sui Dynasty Emperors of China
List of the Sui Emperors of China. The Sui Dynasty was one of the shortest in Chinese history.

History and Types of Chinese Opera
History of the development and modern attributes of Chinese Opera, including Beijing (Peking) Opera, Shanghai Opera (Huju), Canton Opera, and Shanxi Opera.

Shanxi Opera
The original form of Chinese Opera arose in Shanxi Province, in north-central China. The melodies, stock characters, and highly symbolic movements of Qinqiang, or ancient Shanxi Opera, were a seminal influence on Beijing Opera and many of the other regional Chinese Opera styles. Page 2.

Beijing Opera (Peking Opera)
Beijing Opera is one of the newer forms of Chinese Opera, but it has become the most dominant form in modern times. It is now considered the People's Republic of China's national art form. Page 3.

Shanghai Opera | Huju
Shanghai Opera, also known as Huju, is a unique form of Chinese opera performed in the local Wu Chinese language rather than Mandarin. Page 4.

Cantonese Opera
Cantonese Opera is the form of Chinese Opera that dominates in southern China, as well as overseas Chinese communities in Singapore, Malaysia, the U.S., etc. It is a vigorous and intricate art form, employing elaborate make-up, impressive costumes, and even some western musical instruments. Page 5.

Mongolia - History, Religion, Language, and More
Profile of the nation of Mongolia, including information about its people, landscape, economy, and history.

The 47 Ronin: A Japanese Samurai Tale
The 47 Ronin, or masterless samurai, avenged their lord's death and became some of the most famous Japanese samurai in history. Learn about them here!

What Was China's Cultural Revolution?
Under Mao Zedong, China underwent a spasm of violence called the Cultural Revolution in the 1960s and 1970s, which threatened its ancient heritage.

Bangladesh - Facts, History and Geography
Bangladesh is a relatively new country - it declared independence from Pakistan in 1971. The Bengali culture is one of the most ancient, however. Learn more about this new yet old country here.

The Battle of Hansan-do
In 1592, daimyo Toyotomi Hideyoshi sent his samurai army to invade Joseon Korea, on the way to conquering Ming China and then India. The Japanese Army never made it past Korea, though, and the naval Battle of Hansan-do was pivotal in turning back Hideyoshi’s troops.

Asian History
Asian History. Page 2.

What Was the Yuan Dynasty?
Definition and short history of the Yuan Dynasty from your Guide to Asian History.

Yongle Emperor | Zhu Di
Biography of Zhu Di, a younger son who managed to take power as the Yongle Emperor of China's Ming Dynasty.

How Did Portugal Get Macau?
The small European nation of Portugal seized a part of the Chinese coast, called Macau, and held on to it for centuries.

China's Dynasties Circa 2100 BCE - 1911 CE
List of the imperial dynasties of China, from the early mythical dynasties to the Qing dynasty.

The Collapse of Gupta India
The Gupta Empire in India marked one of the high points of Indian history, the pinnacle of classical India. Why did the Gupta Dynasty collapse in 550 CE?

Ukiyo | Tokugawa Japan's Floating World
What does the Japanese term ukiyo mean? Find out about it here from your Guide to Asian History.

The Imjin War, Japanese Invasions of Korea
Between 1592 and 1598, Japan twice invaded the Korean Peninsula. The conflict, called the Imjin War, had profound effects on Japan, Korea, and China.

Why Did China Lease Hong Kong to Britain?
Why did China lease Hong Kong to Britain? Find the answer here, in the Asian History FAQs.

Fall of China's Qing Dynasty: Causes and Consequences
Why did China's final imperial dynasty, the Qing Dynasty, fall early in the twentieth century?

Crusades' Effects on the Middle East
What effect did the Crusades have on the Middle East? Learn about it here.

Which Asian Nations Were Never Colonized by Europe?
During the Age of Imperialism, a number of Asian countries managed to escape colonization by the European powers. Learn about them here.

The Islamic State in Iraq and Syria, or ISIS
A terrorist group called ISIS is ravaging parts of Iraq and Syria, committing massacres and atrocities as they try to create a new caliphate. Who are they?

The Gupta Empire in India
Brief history of the Gupta Empire in India, which witnessed the flowering of classical Indian culture and technology between about 320 and 550 CE.

History of Myanmar's 8888 Uprising
Brief history of Myanmar's (Burma's) bloody 8888 Uprising and the military crackdown that ended it.

The Real Sinbad the Sailor
Was Sinbad the Sailor a real person? Learn more about the evidence for and against a real, historical Sinbad here.

Eruption of Tambora, 1815
In 1815, one of the largest eruptions ever rocked Mt Tambora, on Sumbawa, Indonesia. Its ash shaded the northern hemisphere, causing global cooling.

The Kamakura Period in Japan
Brief history and description of the Kamakura Period in Japan, when the feudal system arose and the emperors lost power to the shoguns.

The Chola Empire of India
Brief history of southern India's Chola Dynasty, which ruled one of the world's longest-lasting empires.

Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi Biography
Biography of Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi, the last shah of Iran, who was brought down in 1979 by the Iranian Revolution under Ayatollah Khomeini.

Muhammad Ali Jinnah, Pakistan's Founder
Biography of Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the founder of Pakistan and a major independence figure in British India.

The Great Kanto Earthquake in Japan, 1923
In 1923, Japan's deadliest earthquake struck Tokyo and surrounding cities, devastating the entire region. Learn more about this tragedy here.

Amritsar Massacre, 1919
Some believe that the Amritsar Massacre brought down the British Raj in India. In any case, it was a shocking display of brutality in late colonial India.

What Motivated Japanese Aggression in World War II?
After less than a century of exposure to the outside world, Japan expanded explosively throughout Asia in World War II. What prompted this aggression?

Suleiman the Magnificent Biography
Biography of Suleiman the Magnificent, the most famous sultan of the Ottoman Empire. Learn more about The Lawgiver here.

Saudi Arabia | Facts and History
Facts about the kingdom of Saudi Arabia, including its demographics, climate, economy, and more, as well as a brief history of the region.

Jordan | Facts and History
Facts and history about the Kingdom of Jordan, including data on its economy, climate, and population.

What Was the Sino-Soviet Split?
The Sino-Soviet Split of 1960 had profound repercussions on other countries around the world. What caused China and the Soviet Union to break off diplomatic relations with one another?

Biography of Suharto, Indonesia's second president, who came to power in a coup against Sukarno.

What Is Juche?
What is juche? Learn more about this primary ideology of the North Korean state here.

Did the Afghan War Help Bring Down the Soviet Union?
Did the decade-long war in Afghanistan bring down the Soviet Union? Learn more about the historical controversy here.

Borobudur Temple | Java, Indonesia
The Borobudur Temple in central Java, Indonesia is one of the greatest Buddhist monumental buildings in the world. Learn more about the history of this amazing temple here.

Laos | Facts and History
Facts about Laos and a brief history of the country in Southeast Asia.

What Was the Gang of Four?
What was the Gang of Four? Learn more about this powerful political clique in China during the later years of Mao Zedong's rule.

Apolinario Mabini Biography
Apolinario Mabini served as the first Prime Minister of the Philippines. He is called both the brains and the conscience of the revolution.

Puyi | The Last Emperor
The child Puyi served as China's last emperor. He was young when the Qing Dynasty fell, and lived to see the communists come to power decades later.

The Asian Economic Miracle
From 1960 to the 1990s, four small Asian countries industrialized and become major economic powers: Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea, and Taiwan.

Tajikistan | Facts and History
Information about Tajikistan, Central Asia, including facts about its people, geography, economy, and history.

Biography of Corazon Aquino of the Philippines
Biography of Corazon Aquino, who went from shy housewife to leader of the People Power movement and first female president of the Philippines, after leading the movement to oust dictator Ferdinand Marcos. Learn more about her in this biography.

Who Are the Rohingya of Myanmar (Burma)?
Who Are the Rohingya? Learn more about this persecuted minority in Myanmar (Burma) here.

Delhi Sultanates History
The Delhi Sultanates were a series of Indo-Muslim dynasties that ruled South Asia from 1206 to 1526, when the area was conquered by the Mughals.

China's One-Child Policy
In 1979, China decided to limit many couples to just one child in an effort to reduce the country's booming population. Learn about the effects of the One Child Policy here.

Invention of the Mirror
When was the mirror invented? Humans have probably used still water as a mirror for millions of years, but a sheet of glass with metal backing is a much more recent invention.

Zheng He and the Treasure Fleet Timeline
Zheng He's life and the voyages of Ming China's Treasure Fleet. The great Muslim eunuch admiral spread word of China's wealth and power as far as Africa.

Unarmed Japanese Killed by Samurai
Images from a samurai attack on a Japanese village. These vivid and detailed pictures of samurai in action were created sometime between 1750 and 1850.

Pictures of a Samurai Attack
Images from a samurai attack on a Japanese village. These vivid and detailed pictures of samurai in action were created sometime between 1750 and 1850.

Samurai Attack Villagers in Japan
Images from a samurai attack on a Japanese village. These vivid and detailed pictures of samurai in action were created sometime between 1750 and 1850.

Japanese Samurai Attack a Village
Images from a samurai attack on a Japanese village. These vivid and detailed pictures of samurai in action were created sometime between 1750 and 1850.

Samurai Warriors Fight in a Courtyard
Images from a samurai attack on a Japanese village. These vivid and detailed pictures of samurai in action were created sometime between 1750 and 1850.

Samurai Battle in a Japanese Village
Images from a samurai attack on a Japanese village. These vivid and detailed pictures of samurai in action were created sometime between 1750 and 1850.

Villagers Flee from Samurai in Japan
Images from a samurai attack on a Japanese village. These vivid and detailed pictures of samurai in action were created sometime between 1750 and 1850.

Map of the Srivijaya Empire, Indonesia
Description of the Srivijaya Empire in what is now Indonesia from your Guide to Asian History.

The Ottoman Empire | Facts and Map
Map of the Ottoman Empire at its greatest extent, c. 1700 CE.

Samurai Warriors
Images from a samurai attack on a Japanese village. These vivid and detailed pictures of samurai in action were created sometime between 1750 and 1850.

Samurai Invade a Village
Images from a samurai attack on a Japanese village. These vivid and detailed pictures of samurai in action were created sometime between 1750 and 1850.

What is a Janissary
Glossary definition of the term janissary from your Guide to Asian History.

Battle of Kohima - World War II in India
The Battle of Kohima is a little-known but pivotal battle during World War II in Asia, sometimes called the

History of the Assassins (Hashshashin) | Persia
History of Persia's Assassins, or Hashashin - an Ismaili sect who used targeted killings of political and religious leaders.

Asian Country Histories and Cultures
Explore the history of Asia country-by-country. Learn about the history and culture of Asia's multitude of fascinating nations, from tiny East Timor to world powers like China and India.

Historical People of Asia | Famous Asians
The history of Asia has been shaped for thousands of years by larger-than-life personalities. From fierce world conquerors of long ago to the political leaders and humanitarians of today, explore the world of famous Asian historical figures.

Rizal, Bonifacio & Aguinaldo - Filipino Independence Leaders
During the fight against colonialism in the Philippines, key revolutionary leaders Jose Rizal, Andres Bonifacio,and Emilio Aguinaldo helped lead the Filipino people to rise up at the turn of the 20th century against the Spanish and then the American occupiers.

History of Asia by Region
Examines region-wide trends and events in Asian history. Areas included on this page are: East Asia, Southeast Asia, Central Asia, Russia and the Caucasus region, and the Middle East. Topics covered include the Silk Road from China to Istanbul, European colonization, the Soviet Era in Asia, Israeli-Arab conflicts, and Japanese expansionism in the early 20th century, plus many more.

All About Japanese Samurai Warriors
The Japanese samurai is one of the most famous types of warriors in history. Learn more about the samurai, and see a number of photos and print images of samurai warriors here.

Hideyoshi Toyotomi - Timelines
Hideyoshi Toyotomi (1537-1598) is one of the Three Unifiers of Japan. His life story is filled with both triumph and tragedy. See timelines of his life here.

Iran- History of Iran- About Iran
Describes the history of Iran, from earliest settlement through the great Persian Empires, and on to the fall of the Shah and the present day Islamic Republic of Iran.

North Korea - History of North Korea
Includes information about the history of North Korea, both before its separation from the southern half of the peninsula, and after. Also includes Korean culture articles, from pre- and post-Korean War times.

History of Uzbekistan
Traces the history of Uzbekistan, beginning with settlement by early humans, through the Silk Road era, conquest by Alexander the Great, Genghis Khan, and Timur (Tamerlane), and the great Uzbek Khanates, to Russian Occupation and Soviet Rule. Also includes the history of independent Uzbekistan in the post-Soviet era.

Indian History Timelines
Timelines of Indian history from earliest times to the modern day.

History of Bahrain, an island nation in the Persian Gulf.

History and culture of the Sultanate of Oman, one of the world's wealthiest countries.

History of Kuwait, the Persian Gulf state.

Articles on the history of Qatar, an oil-rich peninsula in Arabia that is home to Al Jazeera.

History of Israel
History of Israel. Asian History.

Palestine | History and Culture
Learn about the history and culture of Palestine, on the eastern end of the Mediterranean Sea.

History of Central Asia
History of Central Asia, the ancient crossroads between Europe and Asia proper, with emphasis on the Silk Road, invasions from both East and West, the Soviet period, and post-Soviet state-building.

Attila the Hun - The Huns - Timelines
Biography and timelines describing the rise of the Huns, Attila the Hun's reign, and their downfall. Also shows the final collapse of the Roman Empire, due in part to Attila and his troops.

Biography and timelines of Mao Zedong's Life
Biography and timelines of Chinese Communist leader Mao Zedong's life.

The History of War in Asia
Explores the campaigns of Asia's great historic warriors, such as Genghis Khan, Tamerlane (Timur), and Attila the Hun; also describes the course of more recent wars such as World Wars I and II, the Israeli-Arab Wars, the Korean War, the Vietnam War, and the Gulf War.

History of Lebanon
Articles about the history of Lebanon, long a maritime power on the Mediterranean Sea.

The Seismoscope - Chinese Inventions
Who invented the first seismoscope to detect earthquakes? Learn more about this amazing invention from 132 CE in China.

What Sparked the Mongol Conquests?
Why did the Mongols set out to conquer the known world in the thirteenth century? Learn more about Genghis Khan's motivations for creating the Mongol Empire here.

Myanmar or Burma | Facts and History
Profile of Myanmar (Burma), Southeast Asia, including information about the country's government, population, geography, and economy. Also covers briefly the country's history from the Paleolithic Era to the troubles of the present day.

What Was the Umayyad Caliphate
What was the Umayyad Caliphate? Learn about it in this glossary definition of the term Umayyad Caliphate from your Guide to Asian History.

Governmental Structure of Iran
Since the Iranian Revolution in 1979, the Islamic Republic of Iran has had a very complex government structure. Unravel the relationship between the Supreme Leader, the Guardian Council, the President and the Assembly of Experts.

Mongol Invasions of Japan by Kublai Khan
In 1274 and again in 1281, the Mongol emperor of China, Kublai Khan, sent armadas to invade Japan. Nature - or the gods - defended Japan not once, but twice.

Mongol Invasions of Japan, 1274 & 1281
Asian History. Page 2.

The Invention of Paper Money
Paper money first appeared in 12th century China, during the Song Dynasty. It proved much more convenient than coins, but easier to counterfeit.

Comparative Colonization in Asia
Great Britain, France, Portugal, and the Netherlands all established colonies in Asia, but each had a different style of rule. Learn more about comparative imperialism in Asia here.

The British Raj | Colonial India
Britain ruled India from 1765 to 1857; India was called the crown jewel of the British Empire. The Raj comprised modern day Pakistan and Bangladesh, plus India proper.

Pakistan History, Culture, Geography and Climate
Facts and history of Pakistan, including information about its culture, geography, economy and peoples.

Atilla the Hun Biography
Biography of Attila the Hun, who was called the Scourge of God by the Romans. His army helped to hasten the Fall of Rome. Find out about the life and times of this most famous of the Huns.

Mohandas Gandhi | Biography
Mohandas Gandhi, also known as the Mahatma, led the non-violent independence movement in India that called an end to the British colonial government. Learn more about this pivotal 20th century leader here.

Napalm and Agent Orange in the Vietnam War
The US used napalm and Agent Orange in vast quantities during the Vietnam War. How were these chemical weapons used, and what are their lingering effects on Vietnam?

Timelines of Chinese History
Timelines of Chinese History, from earliest times to the present day.

Chinese Inventions - China Inventions - Inventions from China
Over the course of its 5,000-year-long civilization, China has seen a number of innovative and world-changing inventions. Learn about some of these amazing Chinese inventions here!

Iran / Persia Timelines
Timelines of the history of Iran/Persia, from the earliest dynasties through the present day.

History of Mongolia
Articles about the history of Mongolia, along with information on the culture, people, and land. Covers the period from Mongolia's earliest settlement, through the time of the great Genghis Khan, the Soviet era, and on to today.

Nepal - History of Nepal
Nepal is a beautiful country situated in the Himalaya Mountains. Learn more about history and culture of this newly Maoist republic.

Syria | Articles on its History and Culture
Articles about the history of Syria and its culture from ancient times to the present day.

History of Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan is one of the former Soviet republics in Central Asia - a land of gorgeous scenery, rich history, and amazing people. Learn more about the culture and history of Kyrgyzstan here.

Malaysia - Culture and History of Malaysia
Malaysia was once a vital hub on the Indian Ocean trade routes that brought silk and spices west. Its position between China and India made the country a perfect cultural melting pot. Learn more about the fascinating history and culture of Malaysia.

The nation of Tibet is situated in the Himalayan range. In 1951, the Peoples Republic of China invaded and occupied Tibet, which currently is called the Tibetan Autonomous Region of China. Learn more about the history and culture of this small Buddhist nation in the Himalayas.

Articles on the culture and history of the Kingdom of Jordan.

History of Afghanistan
Covers the history of Afghanistan, from earliest settlement through development of the Silk Road, to the Great Game and on through the troubled present day.

History of Bangladesh
Bangladesh is one of the most densely-populated countries on Earth. It gained its independence from Pakistan in 1971, and is the proud heir to centuries of Bengali history.

Burma (Myanmar)
Describes the history and culture of Burma, now called

The ancient land of Cambodia was a seat of Southeast Asian culture for centuries. During the 20th century, the horrors of World War II, the Vietnam War and the Khmer Rouge genocide rocked this nation; today, however it is recovering.

Central Asia Timelines- Timelines of Central Asian History
Timelines of Central Asian history, divided by era.

History of Vietnam
From the riparian Hong Bang civilization of the third century BCE to the turmoil and warfare of the 20th century CE, Vietnam has had a turbulent history. Still, this unique ancient culture survives and thrives some 5,000 years after its mythical foundation.

History of Yemen
The history of Yemen, as well as information about its culture, people, climate and economy.

History of Indonesia
Articles on the fascinating history and culture of Indonesia, a large and diverse archipelago nation in Southeast Asia.

Brunei History and Culture
Articles about the history and culture of Brunei, a small but wealthy nation in Southeast Asia.

Glossary of Asian History Terms, T - History of Asia - Words
Glossary of words related to the History of Asia from your Guide to Asian History. Terms from T, Tadjik to Tuva.

Pakistan - The History and Culture of Pakistan
History and culture of Pakistan, which was once part of British India, but became a separate country after Partition in 1947.

Philippines - History and Culture
Articles about the history and culture of the Philippines, an island archipelago nation in the western Pacific Ocean.

History of Russia
The nation of Russia was founded by a group of Vikings in the ninth century, who ruled over and were assimilated by the local Slavs. Since that time, Russia has survived invasions, revolutions, Communism, perestroika... It's a hardy country.

History of Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia is the birthplace of Islam, a fascinating and (to the outsider) mysterious nation. Learn more about the history and culture of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

South Korea (Republic of Korea)
Describes the history and culture of South Korea, from early settlement through the modern day. Includes prehistory, the Bronze and Iron ages in Korea, Buyeo, old and new Goryeo, the Three Kingdoms period, the Silla and Baekje kingdoms, the Joseon Dynasty, foreign invasions in the 19th and 20th century, the Japanese occupation, and the Korean War. Finishes with the history of modern South Korea up to today.

Covers the history of the Kingdom of Thailand, the heart of Southeast Asia, from the Paleolithic to the present day. Also includes information about the country's government, population, geography, and economy.

History and Culture of East Timor (Timor-Leste)
Describes the history and culture of East Timor, now officially called

History of Turkmenistan
Covers the history and culture of the area now known as Turkmenistan, from earliest settlement through the present day. The nation of Turkmenistan was founded in 1991, with the break-up of the Soviet Union. For centuries before, though, it was part of Turcostan - the land of the Turcomen.

History and culture of Kazakhstan, the largest of the Central Asian republics.

Laos | History and Culture
Articles about the history and culture of Laos, a landlocked Southeast Asian country.

Tajikistan | History and Culture
Articles about the history and culture of Tajikistan, one of the former Soviet republics in Central Asia.

Asian History Glossary - History of Asia Glossary - Terms A-C
Glossary of terms related to the History of Asia, from your Guide to Asian History. Terms from A-C,

Glossary of Asian History Terms, H-J | Asian History Words
Glossary of words related to the History of Asia from your Guide to Asian History. Terms from H to J,

Glossary of Asian History Terms, K-M | Asian History Words
Glossary of terms related to the History of Asia, from your Guide to Asian History. Terms from K to M, Kazakh to Mustang.

Glossary of Asian History Terms, S - History of Asia Words
Glossary of words related to the History of Asia from you Guide to Asian History. Terms beginning with S, Samurai to Sunni.

Middle Eastern History
History of the Middle East, the source of all three of the world's great monotheistic religions (Judaism, Christianity, and Islam), as well as important medical and scientific knowledge. Despite, or perhaps because of these accomplishments, the Middle East has been a trouble-spot for millennia.

China's Shaolin Temple
Timelines and articles about the Shaolin Temple's 1500-year-long history, from its foundation by an Indian mystic to the present day.

The Korean War
Timelines of the Korean War, from the post-World War II chaos of 1945 through the Armistice and POW exchanges of 1953.

Vietnam War - Second Indochina War
Timelines outlining the War in Vietnam (Second Indochina War), as well as the events that lead up to the conflict.

European and Regional Colonialism in Asia
Addresses the history of colonization in Asia, both from outside powers such as England, France, and the Netherlands, and from neighboring Asian countries. Topics covered include Portuguese, Dutch, and British exploration of Asia; the Dutch East Indies Company and its policies; the French in Indochina; Russian expansion into Central Asia; British India during the Raj Era; the

History of East Asia
Describes the convoluted interactions between the major powers of East Asia: China, Japan, and Korea. For thousands of years these nations have fought, exchanged culture and inventions, allied themselves together, and invaded one another.

Governmental and Legal Systems of Asia
Describes the multitude of governmental and legal systems that have ruled Asia, including traditional and modern constitutional monarchies, theocracies, democracies, and dictatorships. Also addresses the roles of communism, socialism, and capitalism in the recent history of Asia.

History of Southeast Asia
History of Southeast Asia as a region, examining the interactions and shared experiences of Thailand, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Malaysia, Indonesia, the Philippines, Singapore, Burma, and the Sultanate of Brunei.

Bhutan | History and Culture
History and culture of Bhutan, a beautiful Buddhist kingdom tucked into the Himalaya Mountains of South Asia.

History of Iraq, one of the cradles of human culture and civilization.

Asian History Books and Films
Reviews of films and books on Asian History topics from Genghis Khan to sixth century Japanese court life to Mohandas Gandhi, and everything in between.

Glossary of Asian History Terms, D-G
Glossary of Asian History terms, beginning with D to G. Daimyo, Dalits, Deccan Plateau, Djinn, DMZ, Emir, Eunuch, Farsi, French Indochina, Geisha, Ger, Goguryeo, Golden Horde, Great Game, Gurkha

Asian History Glossary N-R
Glossary of Asian History terms that begin with letters N to R

Glossary of Asian History Terms, U-Z
Glossary of Asian History terms from U to Z, Uighur to Zaibatsu

Taiwan | History and Culture of Taiwan
Articles about the history and culture of Taiwan, formerly called Formosa, also known as the Republic of China.

Singapore | File on the History and Culture of Singapore
File on the history and culture of Singapore, Southeast Asia.

The Maldives | History and Culture
Articles about the Maldives, an archipelago nation in the Indian Ocean, which faces a severe threat from global warming.

What Is a Harem
What is a harem? The answer is not as lascivious as you may believe. Find out here!

What Was the Great Leap Forward?
What was the Great Leap Forward? Find out about this tragic event in Chinese history.

What Is Seppuku or Harakiri?
What is seppuku? Why did samurai commit seppuku (also called harakiri)? How did they perform this ritual suicide in feudal Japan? Find answers to these questions here.

The Difference Between Communism and Socialism
Answer to the frequently asked question, what is the difference between communism and socialism?

Angkor Wat Timeline
Timeline of Angkor Wat and the classical Khmer Empire in Cambodia, from the ninth century through its collapse in the 13th century C.E.

Facts on Korean War
A quick guide to facts on the Korean War: When did it happen, who was involved, who won the Korean War, and how many people died?

FAQ About Singapore's Location and History
Learn the answers to frequently asked questions about Singapore, including Where is Singapore? What is Singapore? and Why is Chewing Gum Banned in Singapore?

Chinese Emperors - Shang Dynasty
List of the Shang Dynasty Emperors of China, according to information from the oracle bones and historian Sima Qian.

Great Wall of China | Ming Dynasty
The Ming Dynasty (1368 - 1644) rebuilt the Great Wall of China to hold off the Mongols, Jurchens, and other nomadic peoples.

Great Wall of China | Silk Road Fortification
During the Han period, the Great Wall of China functioned mainly to protect the Han Dynasty's capital at Chang'an (Xian) as well as the newly-formed Silk Road trade routes.

Great Wall of China | Qin Dynasty Map
During the Qin Dynasty (221 - 206 BCE), China's First Emperor, Qin Shi Huangdi, organized and connected local fortifications into the first Great Wall of China to ward off northern nomadic invaders, such as the Xiongnu.

Great Wall of China | Han Dynasty
Map of the Great Wall of China during the Han Dynasty, 206 BCE - 220 CE, when the wall's main purpose was to protect the new Silk Road trade routes to the west.

Movement Through the Great Wall of China
The Great Wall of China looks solid and impermeable, but people have always managed to move through or around it. During the Ming era, the Manchus got through the wall - and brought down the Ming Dynasty.

The Great Wall of China Today
Today, the Great Wall of China is a major tourist site, and popular sections include gondolas and zip lines.

Great Wall of China | Ruins
Ruined sections of the Great Wall of China from the Ming Dynasty still stand, although many have been repaired as tourist sites.

Facts about The Great Wall of China
See facts and the more than 2000-year history of the Great Wall of China, one of the engineering marvels of the world, and a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Shaolin Monks Fight Japanese Pirates
Throughout the 1400s and 1500s, Japanese pirate bands (wako) raided up and down the Chinese coastline. The imperial army and navy were unable to stop the pirates, so they called in the fighting monks of Shaolin and other temples.

Emperors of China's Qing Dynasty
List of the emperors of China's Qing Dynasty, the last imperial family in Chinese history.

What Is a Qilin?
Glossary description of the qilin or Chinese unicorn from your Guide to Asian History.

Queue Hairstyle | China
What is a queue hairstyle, and why did Chinese men adopt it? Learn more in this definition of queue from your Guide to Asian History.

Where Is Manchuria?
Where is Manchuria? Why is that name controversial? What is its history? Learn about it in this glossary definition of the term Manchuria.

Zheng He's Ships | Ming Treasure Junks
Zheng He's treasure fleet included ships of unprecedented size. How big were they, and how did the Ming Dynasty's builders create the Treasure Fleet?

Wako | Japanese Pirates
Definition of the word wako from your Guide to Asian History.

The Fall of the Ming Dynasty in China
In 1644, the last ethnic-Chinese dynasty in China's long imperial history fell, conquered by Manchus from the north. Why did Ming China collapse?

Ming Dynasty Emperors of China
Emperors of China's Ming Dynasty, which is famous for its Treasure Fleet and for beautiful Ming vases.

Zheng He, Ming China's Great Admiral - Biography
Biography of Zheng He, the famous Muslim eunuch admiral of Ming China's treasure fleet, who lead one of the greatest armadas in human history on seven voyages around the Indian Ocean world. Learn about Zheng He's life and accomplishments here.

The Ming Dynasty of China, 1368 - 1644
China's Ming Dynasty is probably best known for its graceful blue and white ceramics, and for Zheng He's Treasure Fleet. Learn more about this great dynasty here.

Why Is Korea Split Into North and South Korea?
How did the Korean Peninsula end up split into North and South Korea? Learn about the almost accidental creation of the divided Koreas here.

The Sassanid Empire
The Sassanid dynasty ruled Persia and neighboring lands as far away as Egypt and Yemen in the 200s to 600s CE. Its great rival was the Byzantine Empire.

Sogdiana, Traders on the Silk Road
Sogdiana was a major Silk Road trading center in what is now Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. Sogdians actually traveled the whole length of the Silk Road.

Who Are the Pashtun People of Afghanistan and Pakistan?
Who are the Pashtun people? Learn about their language, culture, and history in brief here.

What Was the Burma Road?
During the Second Sino-Japanese War and World War II, Chinese troops fighting the Japanese occupation relied on a slender supply line called the Burma Road.

The Hukbalahap Rebellion in the Philippines
The Hukbalahap Rebellion began as guerrilla resistance to the Japanese Occupation of the Philippines during World War II, but it lasted until 1954.

The Trung Sisters of Ancient Vietnam
The Trung Sisters, who ruled a kingdom in northern Vietnam c. 40 CE and fought against the powerful Eastern Han Dynasty of China, are heroines and famous symbols of nationalism in Vietnam to this day, almost 2000 years later.

Who Were the Viet Cong?
Who were the Viet Cong? Learn about them in this glossary definition of the phrase Viet Cong, an important term from the Vietnam War.

Gandhi's Salt March
Learn more about the Salt March, part of the Mahatma Gandhi's policy of satyagraha or non-violent resistance against British colonialism in India.

The Yom Kippur War
On October 6, 1973, a coalition of Arab nations simultaneously attacked Israel on Yom Kippur, the holiest day on the Jewish calendar.

Hideki Tojo
Learn about Hideki Tojo, Japan's prime minister during World War II, and the highest-ranked Japanese official to be executed for war crimes.

The Shailendra Kingdom of Java
How much do you know about ancient Java's fabulous Shailendra Kingdom? Not much? Learn about it here!

China's Grand Canal
Quick! What is the longest artificial river in the world? If you said

What Is a Shogun?
Glossary definition of the term shogun from your Guide to Asian History.

Definition of Bushido and Its Origins
Glossary definition of the term bushido from your Guide to Asian History.

Japan's Alternate Attendance System
What was the alternate attendance system in Tokugawa-era Japan? Learn more about this system of social control and economic stimulus here.

Who Were the Daimyo of Japan?
Who were Japan's daimyo lords? Learn about them in this glossary definition of the term daimyo from your Guide to Asian History.

Who Are the Dalit or Untouchables?
Glossary definition of the term Dalit from your Guide to Asian History.

Who Are the Manchu?
Who are the Manchu people? Learn more from this glossary definition of the term Manchu from your Guide to Asian History.

Asia's 5 Worst Dictators | 2008 Edition
The five worst dictators in Asia as of 2008, as measured by human rights abuses of their citizens. These abuses may include imprisonment and torture of dissidents, extra-judicial killings, denial of religious freedom, suppression of the free press / exclusively state-controlled media, and bloody crackdowns on anti-government protestors.

Angkor Wat, Cambodia
The Angkor Wat temple complex near Siem Reap, Cambodia, is one of the most marvelous architectural sights in the world. Yet Angkor itself is just a hint of the classical Khmer people's engineering prowess - the tip of the iceberg, so to speak.

Uzbekistan | Facts and History Overview
Profile of Uzbekistan, including information about the country's geography, climate, economy, political system, people, and history.

- By Category
An index of categories in the

Dragons of Asia
Dragons in Asia are superficially similar to European dragons, but the Asian varieties have many powers and attributes that their western counterparts lack.

Asian History
Asian History.

Asian History
Asian History.

Asian History
Asian History.

Who Are the Kachin People?
The Kachin people of Burma or Myanmar aren't, strictly speaking, a single ethnic group. They are very interesting, however. Learn more here!

What Is Manichaeism?
Manichaeism is one of the dualistic religions that came out of ancient Iran. Learn more about this fascinating faith here.

The Epic of Gilgamesh
What is the Epic of Gilgamesh? Why do we still talk about it, 4,000 years after it was written? Find out here.

Who Were the Ronin?
What is a ronin? Find out more about these bad boys of feudal Japan here.

Who Were the Saracens?
Who were the Saracens? What does this derogatory term mean? Find out more about the term Saracen from your Guide to Asian History.

Where Is Mesopotamia?
Where is Mesopotamia? Find out more about this amazing region in Iraq, one of the cradles of human civilization.

What Was Goguryeo?
What was the Goguryeo Kingdom? Learn more about this ancient Korean kingdom in this brief history from your Guide to Asian History.

What Was the Baekje Kingdom?
What was the Baekje Kingdom? Learn more about this ancient Korean kingdom from your Guide to Asian History.

Nestorian Christianity | Syriac Christians in Asia
Learn about Nestorian Christianity, one of the primary Christian churches in Asia in the pre-colonial era, also known as the Church of the East.

Who Are the Sufis?
Sufis are members of the mystical, ascetic branch of Islam, which emphasizes personal experience with the divine rather than focusing on scholarship.

Who Were the Kamikaze?
Who were the kamikaze, and what motivated their extreme acts? Learn more about history of the kamikaze from your Guide to Asian History.

A Brief History of Opium
A history of opium in Asia, where it served as a medicine, a cash crop, and a cause for war.

Unequal Treaties
Definition and examples of unequal treaties in early modern Asian history, including those used against Japan, China, and Korea.

What Was the Silla Kingdom?
Brief history of the Silla Kingdom in Korea from your Guide to Asian History.

What Is a DMZ or Demilitarized Zone?
What is a DMZ? Find out in this glossary definition of the term DMZ or demilitarized zone, and learn about recent DMZs across Asia.

The Song Dynasty in China, 960 - 1279 CE
Description of the Northern and Southern Song Dynasty, which ruled China between the Tang and the Yuan (Mongol) Dynasties and introduced typical Chinese culture.

The History of Elam
The ancient Elamite civilization lasted for more than 2000 years, and had a profound impact on neighboring peoples. Learn more here.

Asian History
Asian History.

Asian History
Asian History.

Famous Asian Pirates
Slideshow of some of the most famous pirates in Asian history, including Admiral Barbarossa of the Ottoman Empire, and the Chinese pirate queen, Zheng Shi.

Asian History
Asian History.

Limahong the Pirate
Limahong was a famous 16th century pirate who plied the seas between China and the Philippines. He even took on the Spanish in Manila - learn more here.

Asian Influenza Pandemics
Two Asian influenza pandemics swept the globe in the 20th century, and medical officials around the world are always on the alert for a recurrence. Learn more about the Asian flu epidemic of 1957 and the Hong Kong flu of 1968.

Who Were the Caliphs?
What is a caliph? Who were the caliphs, historically? Learn more in this glossary definition from your Guide to Asian History.

What Was a Satrap?
Who were the satraps? Learn more in this glossary definition of the term satrap from your Guide to Asian History.

Who Are the Kurds
A brief history of the Kurds, one of the largest ethnic groups without a state of its own in the Middle East.

Who Are the Hazara?
Who are the Hazara people of Afghanistan? See a glossary definition of the term Hazara from your Guide to Asian History.

What Is an Oasis?
What is an oasis? Learn more about this exotic-sounding term here.

Who Were China's Red Guards? - Asian History
Read about the Red Guards, Mao Zedong's zealous cadres of young people who carried out the destructive Cultural Revolution in China.

What Is a Sepoy?
Glossary definition of the term Sepoyfrom your Guide to Asian History.

What Does It Mean to Kow-tow?
Glossary definition of the term kow-tow from your Guide to Asian History.

What Was the Boxer Rebellion in China?
Quick guide to China's Boxer Rebellion, an anti-foreigner movement that gripped China between 1899 and 1901.

What Is a Raja?
Learn about the rajas of India and Indonesia here.

Where Was French Indochina?
Where was

What Was the Golden Horde?
Learn about the Golden Horde of the Mongol Empire, which ruled over Russia, parts of Central Asia, and Eastern Europe in the 13th to 16th centuries.

A Short History of Violent Buddhism
Violence and Buddhism seem to be directly opposed to each other, yet history shows that violence is a factor in the lives of monks as well as lay Buddhists.

The Basmachi Revolt, 1916 - 1934
As the Russian tsar's government fell to the communists, the people of Central Asia seized their chance and rose up in the Basmachi Revolt, 1916-1934.

Bajirao I of the Maratha Empire
Biography of Bajirao I of India's Maratha Empire, who rose to a generalship and then to rule the empire as Peshwa in the early 18th century.

Black Death in Asia | Bubonic Plague
Although the Black Death, bubonic plague, is associated with medieval Europe, it began in Asia, and devastated cities there first. Learn about it here.

Ninja Weapons - Katana
Asian History.

Ninja Weapons - Kunai
Asian History.

Ninja Weapons - Fukiya
Asian History.

Ninja Weapons - Kusarigama
Asian History.

Ninja Weapons - Ashiko
Asian History.

Ninja Weapons - Makibishi
Asian History.

Ninja Weapons - Shikomizue
Asian History.

Ninja Weapons - Kyoketsu Shoge
Asian History.

Ninja Weapons - Shuriken
Throwing stars, blow dart guns, hidden blades, and metal claws - see 11 authentic ninja weapons with photos and descriptions.

Ninja Weapons - Kaginawa
Asian History.

Ninja Weapons - Tekko-kagi
Asian History.

Battle of Talas River - Background
The little-known but pivotal Battle of Talas River in 751 A.D. pitted the expanding Arab Moslem army against the forces of the Tang Dynasty Chinese Empire. China was defeated, which resulted in Central Asia becoming part of the Islamic world, and the diffusion of paper-making technology to the West.

Battle of Talas River - Consequences
Asian History. Page 2.

Attila the Hun Timeline - The "Scourge of God"
Timeline of Attila the Hun, other eras in the history of the Huns, and events surrounding the fall of the Roman Empire.

Ancient Chinese Invented Gunpowder
Describes the invention of gunpowder by Tang Dynasty Chinese alchemists, around 850 A.D.

Events Leading to the 1959 Tibetan Uprising
In 1951, the People's Republic of China overwhelmed Tibet, and brought it under Chinese control. Five years later, a Tibetan Uprising began. When China moved to crush the Uprising in 1959, the young Dalai Lama barely escaped with his life. He fled into exile in India.

Asian History
Asian History. Page 2.

Effects of the Mongol Empire on Europe
What effect did the Mongol Empire's expansion have on Europe? Learn more here about how Genghis Khan and his descendants impacted Europe, directly and indirectly.

Tokugawa Shoguns of Japan (1603 - 1868)
For more than 250 years, the Tokugawa shoguns ruled Japan as the heads of the bakufu, or military government, based at Edo (Tokyo). They relied on samurai warriors and their daimyo lords to keep Japan's complex feudal-style social system in order, up until the Meiji Restoration of 1868.

Mao Zedong of China
Biography of Mao Zedong, founder of the People's Republic of China.

China's Three Sovereigns and Five Emperors
The mythical earliest leaders of China, the Three Sovereigns and Five Emperors, and their putative dates of reign.

Tang Dynasty | Emperors of China's Tang Dynasty
List of Tang Dynasty emperors of China, along with a brief history of the Tang Empire.

Yuan Dynasty Emperors List - Chinese Emperors
List of the Yuan Dynasty Emperors of China. The Yuan Dynasty was one branch of the Mongol Empire; the first emperor was Kublai Khan, grandson of Genghis Khan.

The Maratha Empire in India
The Hindu Maratha Empire of the 17th to 19th centuries took power over much of the subcontinent, and played a huge role in the decline of the Mughals.

Emperor Wu of Han
In a reign of 54 years, Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty oversaw many innovations in classical Chinese culture, including the adoption of Confucianism.

Who Were the Hittities?
The ancient Hittite Empire ruled over most of what is now Turkey, along with parts of Iran, Iraq, and Syria. Learn more about these great charioteers here.

1937 Xinjiang Uprising
Uighurs of Xinjiang (East Turkestan) China faced pressure from Chinese and Russian communists during the 1930s. Read about their 1937 uprising here.

Who Are the Kalmyk People?
Learn about the history and culture of the Kalmyk people, a western Mongolic nation, who have the only Buddhist government in Europe.

Arab Keffiyeh - Traditional Asian Headgear
Arab men around the Middle East wear a traditional head covering known as the keffiyeh. Learn more about it here.

Sikh Turban - Traditional Asian Headgear
Among the most recognizable examples of Asian traditional headgear is the turban worn by Sikh men.

Fez - Traditional Asian Hats
The fez, a small felt hat with a tassel that sits on top of the head, is a famous example of a traditional Asian hat.

Chador - Traditional Asian Headgear
One of the styles of traditional headgear worn by Muslim women in Asia is the chador, a head covering that hides the hair, but leaves the face open.

Korean Horsehair Gat - Traditional Asian Hats
To Americans, the Korean gat looks like a pilgrim's hat, but they hold a specific meaning in Korean culture. Learn about this traditional Asian hat.

Turkmen Telpek - Traditional Asian Hats
Turkmen men swear that these large furry sheep-skin hats called telpek keep them cool in the blazing hot summer by keeping the sun off of their heads.

The Burka or Burqa - Traditional Asian Headgear
The burka or burqa is one of the most infamous forms of Asian headgear for people in the western world. Learn about the burka here.

Conical Hat - Traditional Asian Hats
The conical straw hat is so common across east and southeast Asia that it is almost a stereotype - but these hats are very practical!

Tahya or Skullcaps - Asian Traditional Hats
Unmarried girls and young women across Central Asia wear beautifully embroidered skullcaps called tahya. See this traditional headgear here.

Kyrgyz Ak-kalpak - Traditional Asian Hats
Ethnic Kyrgyz men across Central Asia sport tall felt hats called Ak-kalpak, or

Who Are the Uighurs of China?
Who are the Uighurs? Learn about them in this glossary definition from your Guide to Asian History.

Timeline of China's Shaolin
Timeline of the Shaolin Temple's history, from its foundation to the modern day.

Muslim Rule in India - Indian History Timeline
Muslim rule extended over much of India during the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries CE. The subcontinent also faced invasions by famed Central Asian conquerors Genghis Khan and Timur the Lame (Tamerlane).

Emperors of China's Xia Dynasty
Short history and list of the emperors of China's semi-mythical Xia Dynasty.

Indira Gandhi Biography
Biography of Indira Gandhi, India's third Prime Minister, also known as the Iron Lady of India. She was the first woman elected to head a democratic country.

The 1571 Burning of Moscow
The Crimean Tatars and the Russians have a long history of animosity. In fact, in 1571, the Tatars burned down Moscow during Ivan the Terrible's reign!

What Was the Bayt al Hikma?
An incredible jewel of the medieval world, the Bayt al-Hikma or House of Wisdom was the great library and learning center of the Abbasid Caliphate.

Who Were the Sea Peoples?
Late in the Bronze Age, many advanced Mediterranean cultures suddenly collapsed. Some recorded invaders from the sea before they vanished - the Sea Peoples.

History of the Shaolin Monks - Chinese Monastery
The monks of China's Shaolin Monastery are known for their fighting prowess, particularly in their own Shaolin style of kung fu. Learn more about this ancient monastery and its inhabitants.

Sumer, Mesopotamia
Sumer and the Sumerian culture are among the most important in ancient Mesopotamia. Learn more about this key Fertile Crescent civilization here.

The 1997 Asian Financial Crisis
In 1997, East Asia's financial markets fell one after another like dominos. What happened to trigger the Asian Financial Crisis?

Who Were Vietnam's Boat People?
Learn about the boat people who fled Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia in the wake of the Vietnam War.

Female Infanticide in Asia
In India and China alone, about 2 million baby girls go missing each year. They are aborted or killed shortly after birth. What are the cultural and historical reasons for this?

Heian Fashions - Ancient Japan
A Heian-era Japanese woman in multiple layers of silk. Is she day-dreaming? Composing a poem? Page 5.

Heian Japan - Noh Theater - Mask
A Noh theater mask shows the beauty standards of Heian Japan - black teeth and high painted eyebrows. Page 6.

Portrait of Heian Ladies - Tale of Genji
Detail from a scroll of The Tale of Genji, from the 12th century, depicting Heian beauties.

Heian Beauties - Tale of Genji Scroll
Heian-era beauties of Japan, from an illustrated scroll of the 12th century Tale of Genji. Page 2.

Heian Japan - Woman - Long Hair
Beautiful ladies of the ancient Heian era in Japan had to have extremely long hair. Page 3.

Heian Japan - Beauty - Silk Robes
Japanese court beauties wore up to 12 layers of silk robes, and shaved their eyebrows. Page 4.