Biotech/Biomedical Sitemap - Page 1 2016-09-26

What Are Foods Formed By Fermentation?
Fermentation is an energy-yielding anaerobic metabolic process in which organisms convert nutrients to alcohols and acids (lactic acid and acetic acid).

Common Biotech Terms You Should Know
A collection of

An Explanation of Hydrolysis
Hydrolysis is chemical reaction in which water is used to break the bonds of certain substances. In biotechnology, these substances are often polymers.

Dyes for DNA Staining and Visualizing DNA
There are several different stains that can be used to visualize DNA. Learn about different choices of stains, and the differences between them.

10 Examples of Agricultural Biotechnology
This article examines 10 examples of biotechnology from an agricultural standpoint, or a list of agricultural applications for biotechnology research.

How to Make a Phosphate Buffer
Use these instructions to make phosphate buffers for biological applications at near neutral pH or adapt them for making other buffers.

What Are the Factors for a Successful PCR?
Adjustments to any of the PCR reaction can alter the quality of the outcome. Learn what's required to get a superior Polymerase Chain Reaction.

How Food Biotechnology Has Changed What We Eat
Many of the changes in food biotechnology have meant indisputable improvements to our safety and health, while others are more controversial.

What Is DNA Fingerprinting and How Is It Used?
Learn what DNA fingerprinting is, how it works, and how it's used in many different fields.

DNA Amplification Through Polymerase Chain Reaction
A definition of Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) and its usefulness in various biotechnology applications and forensic science.

Cleaning the Environment Through Bioremediation
Bioremediation is a branch of environmental biotechnology that treats contaminated soil, air and water with living organisms. Learn about the process.

Genetic Polymorphism: What Is It and Is It a Mutation?
Genetic Polymorphism is used to describe multiple forms of a single gene that exists — Learn about some of the examples and how it is not a mutation.

What Is Enzyme Structure and Function?
Improve your understanding of the structure and function of enzymes with this definition, including classifications of enzymes and examples.

RFLP: Definition and Its Uses in Solving DNA Mysteries
What's the definition of RFLP and how's it used in decoding DNA evidence at a crime scene? Learn about the technique and how it's applied in genetics.

How Lyophilization Preserves Biological Material
A definition of lyophilization, also known as freeze drying, as it applies to the preservation and storage of microbial cell cultures.During lyophilization water is removed from the product.

Largest Biotech Hubs: Boston and the San Francisco Bay
This article looks at the details of the two U.S. regions with the highest density of biotech companies --the Bay Area (CA) and Boston (MA) regions.

Can Genetically Modified Food Feed the World?
Advocates for genetic engineering of crops point to benefits, such as providing better and more nutritious food, and potentially solving world hunger.

What are Edible Oils? How Are They Used?
Edible oils are everywhere and used for a wide range of purposes. Find out more about these important foods.

Ranking the Top Biotech Countries
Who leads in biotech? A look at the top 10 countries for the number of biotech firms and research​ and development spending in the field.

Investing in Biotechnology - Choosing Biotech Stocks
Doing biotech stock research is vital before investing. This list outlines suggested criteria to consider when choosing which biotech stocks to buy.

The Controversy of Genetically Modified Food
Although genetically modified (GM) food has been on supermarket shelves for almost 15 years, there is still extensive controversy about whether it is safe. Anti-GM group continue to sound the alarm regarding its potential risks dangerous. Why is there such controversy about GM food and crops and is there still a reason to be concerned about its safety? Take a look at this article to get an overview of what is driving this discussion.

Biotech Venture Investor Roles
A list of the roles that biotech venture investors play in the development of early- and mid-stage startups. The benefits, and some of the shortfalls, to obtaining venture capital funding for R&D and to promote the growth of a company, are outlined.

How to Make Sodium Citrate Buffer
How do you make sodium citrate buffer? Learn how with these six simple steps to make this buffer for RNA isolation or antigen detection.

How to Make Phosphate Buffered Saline (PBS)
PBS is a commonly used buffer for immunohistochemical (IHC) staining, used as a wash solution and for diluting antibodies. Here is how to make PBS buffer.

The Differences Between siRNA and miRNA
Is there a difference between small interfering RNA (siRNA) and micro RNA (miRNA)? Learn where they overlap and where they don't, with this review.

An Overview of the Biotechnology and Biotech Industry
This article gives a biotechnology industry overview. It includes brief summaries of what comprises biotechnology and genetic engineering, and more.

Helicos BioSciences Single Molecule Sequencing
A case study of Helicos BioSciences Corporation, specialists in single molecule technology. Read about the advantages and technology of DNA sequencing. Page 2.

Enzymes Used in the Dairy Industry
A description of the types of dairy enzymes used in the dairy industry and their role in the production of cheese, yogurt and other food products.

Nanoparticles and Stem Cells - Nanotechnology for Controlling Stem Cells - Toxicity of Nanoparticles to Stem Cells
A summary of potential uses for nanotechnology in stem cell applications such as tracking and labeling, delivery and controlling the extracellular environment by creating artifical scaffolds or platforms for directing cell differentiation, migration and adhesion. Toxicity of nanoparticles to stem cells is also discussed.

Nanotechnology, Nanomedicine and Disease
How nanotechnology is being applied to nanomedicine and the treatment of diseases such as cancer.

Nanoparticles Used in Biotechnology
The types of nanoparticles, their basic properties and current known uses in biotechnology, (particularly nanomedicine) are outlined in this article.

Reasons E. coli is used for Gene Cloning
Five reasons the microorganism E. coli is so widely used in protein engineering and genetic research.

History of Biotechnology Before the 20th Century
Five examples of early biotechnological practices that were in place long before the term

Chromatographic Protein Purification Methods
More protein purification methods including chromatographic techniques such as reverse-phase, ion-exchange, size exclusion (gel filtration) and affinity chromatography. Page 2.

Gene Cloning and Other Molecular Genetics Techniques
Laboratory procedures for genetic engineering. Molecular genetics techniques commonly used in biotechnology research that enable gene cloning.

What is Titer? - How Is Antibody Titer is Calculated
Learn how titer is calculated during production in the biomedical industry for antibodies as well as other proteins and biological substances.

GMOs - Genetically Modified Organisms - GM Foods
Read and learn about what GMOs are and why they are a source of bioethical controversy, as well as the scientists and manufacturers.

How to Be a Test Subject in Clinical Drug Trials
If you've ever wanted to get a job as a test subject in a clinical drug trial, learn how with this review about how to take part.

Polymerase Chain Reaction—How It Works to Amplify Genes
Learn the basic theory behind polymerase chain reaction and the steps in the PCR technique for making multiple copies of a gene from a sample of DNA.

Techniques for Sequencing DNA
Different DNA sequencing methods described.

Methods for Protein Purification
Learn about the several methods of protein purification as well as its importance for biotechnology research in biotechnology laboratory applications.

How Does Enzyme Biotechnology Affect My Everyday Life?
A list of common products of enzyme biotechnology that are used every day in and around the home, such as paper products, detergents, textiles and foods and beverages. These household items are the result of commercialization of natural and recombinant enzymes produced by genetic protein engineering.

Biotech Products in Your Daily Life
More common products of enzyme biotechnology that used every day in and around the home such as leather, plastics and biofuels (bioethanol). These household items are the result of commercialization of natural and recombinant enzymes produced by genetic protein engineering. Page 2.

Smart Polymers, or Stimulus-Responsive Polymers
Smart polymers are specially designed stimulus-responsive macromolecules with an unlimited number of potential applications in biotechnology.

Specific Activity: Its Importance in Protein Isolation
Specific activity is a unit of measurement as it applies to proteins and enzyme reactions—Learn more about the definition and factors that affect it.

What Are Transcription Factors?
Transcription factors are important molecules, usually proteins, involved in controlling gene expression by RNA polymerase. They bind to DNA regions.

Biomedical Applications for Smart Polymers
A description of the possible and current uses for smart polymers in the biotechnology industry, including graft and block, hydrogels, and more. Page 2.

Biotechnology - Biomedical - Industrial Enzymes
On this page you will find a definition of biotechnology and a description of the various aspects of the biotech industry.

Smart Polymers - Biomedical Applications for Smart Polymers - Smart Polymers in Biomedicine
A description of the possible and current uses for smart polymers in the biotechnology industry. Types of stimulus responsive polymers and nanoparticles are explained and their potential for use in biomedicine is discussed.

Pros and Cons of Stem Cell Research
A discussion of the pros and cons, background, and latest developments in the ethical debate over embryonic stem cell research.

Stem Cell Research Pros and Cons
A discussion of the pros and cons in the ethical debate over embryonic stem cell research and biomedical research using other types of stem cells. Page 2.

What Is siRNA and Uses in Molecular Genetics Research?
What is siRNA? We look at small interfering Ribonucleic Acid and how it's used in molecular genetics research in the process called RNA interference.

A SUSAR: Reporting Adverse Effects in Clinical Trials
Find out what a SUSAR is and what the qualifiers are for filing a suspected unexpected serious adverse reaction report during a clinical drug trial.

Designer Babies - Stem Cells and Custom Babies
Developments in stem cell research and in vitro techniques for reproduction have led us to the theory that sometime in the near future, wanna-be parents will be able to create designer babies with the specific traits they desire.

Pros and Cons of Stem Cells and Custom Babies
Parents will be able to create designer babies with the specific traits they desire using stem cell research and in vitro techniques. Here are the pros and cons. Page 2.

Gene Transfer of Tumor Cells
Transformation refers to changes in the genetic makeup of a normal cell either through the insertion of foreign DNA or by another alteration.

The Basics of Microinjections
DNA microinjection, also known as pronuclear microinjection, methods are used to transfer genes between animals. Learn about this technique.

Germ Line Gene Therapy Concerns and Facts
As the first gene therapy approaches are nearing FDA approval, it is important to make the distinction between somatic cell and germline gene therapy.

Gene Cloning and Vectors: Definition and Major Types
What are vectors and how are they used in cloning to create GMOs? Learn about the definition, 6 major types, and gene transfer into other organisms.

Pursuing a Career in Science and Law
High demand for legal professionals with science and technology backgrounds and career expectations for individuals studying science and law.

Genetically Modified Food: How Did We Get Here?
Starting with the launch of the Flavr Savr Tomato, the first genetically modified organism (GMO) approved for sale as food in the mid-1990s, food containing GMOs has become a significant part of the stock in US, Canadian, and Asian grocery stores. About 70% of US processed food sold contains genetically modified (GM) crops. A revolution in food science and production has been taking place over the past two decades. How did we get here?

What Are GMOs and How Are They Made?
If you want to understand the basic procedure for genetically engineering plants and animals, take a look at this article.

Helicos BioSciences - Sequencing by Synthesis - Single Molecule Sequencing
A case study and company history of Helicos BioSciences Corporation, specialists in single molecule technology, sequencing by synthesis and the innovators of a technique for true single molecule sequencing.

Nanomedicine and Disease
How nanotechnology is being applied to nanomedicine and the treatment of diseases such as cancer, including the pairing of siRNA and nanoparticles. Page 2.

Societal Concerns with Biotechnology
Often in the field of biotechnology the pace at which new technologies are developed far exceeds that of regulatory change and adaptation.

CRISPR: A New Tool for Gene Manipulation
Have you heard of the new genetic engineering tool that generating lots of excitement? Since the discovery of their ability to target and cut DNA, CRISPRs have become the latest rage for genomic researchers. Find out what all the excitement is about. (Posted: Sept 30, 2013)

All About Restriction Enzymes
How much do you know about the special class of enzymes known as the restriction endonucleases? Get the facts on these enzymes with this review.

How to Make TBE Buffer in 3 Easy Steps
Use these simple instructions to make stock and working solutions of TBE (tris-borate-EDTA) buffer for gel electrophoresis separation of DNA.

Xenotransplantation Ethics Considerations
A discussion of the latest developments, pros, and cons in the ethical issues surrounding the use of animal organs for human transplants (xenotransplantation).

The Xenotransplantation Ethics Debate
A discussion of the ethical and practical issues surrounding the use of animal organs for human transplants (xenotransplantation). Page 2.

How to Make a TAE Buffer in 3 Steps
Use these quick and simple instructions while making stock and working solutions of TAE (Tris-acetate-EDTA) buffer for gel electrophoresis.

How to Invest in Biotech Companies
Pointers on how to invest in biotech with things to consider before investing in biotech companies or buying biotechnology stocks.

How to Freeze Dry a Bacterial Culture (Lyophilization)
Learn how to preserve bacterial, fungal or yeast cell cultures through lyophilization, or freeze-drying, with this easy step-by-step guide.

Biotech Company Pipelines
Learn how pipelines apply to new drug development in the biotechnology industry and how they are used to describe the research and development progress.

- By Category
An index of categories in the

Six Types of Phytoremediation
Descriptions for six different types of phytoremediation.

Why You Should Get ISO 9000 QMS Certification
The ISO 9000 standards address standards for quality management that can be used by any business. Learn about the benefits of ISO 9000 QMS certification.

Biotechnology Business Models & Strategies
Platform, Product and Vertical strategies make up three major biotechnology business models.

Suggestions for Funding Biotech Startups
An outline suggesting five funding sources for financing a new startup Biotech company.

verywell. Biotech/Biomedical.


Medicine and Healthcare
Highlights how biotechnology research advances that affect healthcare and medical treatment.

Environmental Biotechnology
Information on research and development in areas of biofuels, bioremediation and other environmental biotechnologies.

Biotechnology Products in Daily Life
Biotechnology products that are used in everyday life, how they are made, a history of their use and future prospects for change and new applications. Products of enzyme and fermentation technology that are commonly used in household applications.

Stem Cell Research
Case studies and articles on stem cell cloning and biotech companies that are flourishing in this exciting area of research.

Research Developments
Promising new developments in various areas of biomedical research are discussed.

Genetic Engineering - DNA Cloning - Protein Engineering
Gene cloning and cell cultures are all part of protein engineering.

Protein Engineering
The theory behind protein engineering techniques including definitions for proteins and enzymes, PCR and cloning.

Learn the theory behind the Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) technique for amplifying DNA. Developments of the technology and variations designed for specific applications are also discussed.

Stem Cell Research
Descriptions, discussions, and reviews of various approaches to stem cell research and the potential applications of this technology in biomedicine.

biotechnology stocks - investing in biotechnology
Information on investing in biotechnology stocks and things to consider when buying biotech shares.

Bioethics - Controversial Topics in Biotechnology - Ethical Issues in Biotechnology
As biotechnological advances develop to give us increasingly more power over natural process such as gene transfer and expression, cellular development and differentiation, and organ longevity, we find more fodder for ethical debate. How much control is too much? Are we overstepping our ethical boundaries already? Who decides where those are?

Biotechnology History - Industrial Enzymes - Genetic Engineering
Biotechnology defined and explained with details of how modern biotech advances impact the human race.

Answers to frequently asked questions about the biotech industry.

Job Search Sites
Links to general (all disciplines) job search sites with high traffic and quality job listings, blogs, job search and career advice, and more.

Women in Biotechnology
Links and information especially for women seeking a career in biotechnology and biomedical fields.

Laboratory Methods - Laboratory Protocols - Lab Methods
The practical side of the Biotech industry. Find the protocols and recipes for buffers and media here, for the most commonly used biotech applications.

Intellectual Property
Advice on record-keeping and publishing and ensuring the proprietary ownership of your company's intellectual property. A discussion on applying for patents and patent law is included with links to relevant sites.

Record-Keeping in a Biotech Laboratory
Notes about the importance of keeping accurate research records and how to properly document your work.

Startup Strategies
An outline of the business planning and financing considerations involved in starting a biotech company. Suggestions for finding investors and sources of grant funding are included.

Business Administration
Administrative essentials to running a biotech company including compliance with government regulations, quality management and practical information for routine laboratory operations.

Laboratory Techniques - Lab Protocols - Biotech Research Methods
Laboratory techniques and protocols for the biotechnology research lab.

New Technologies - Developments in Biotechnology - Innovative Biotech
New and Innovative developments coming out of the latest biotechnology research.

Working in the Biotechnology Business - Investing in Biotech - Working in Biotech
Advice for anyone wanting to get involved in the biotechnology business. Resources for planning an education, job hunting, or investing in biotech.

Before embarking on a career in biotechnology, check this page for advice on education and career options. If you are already a scientist in the industry, find job-seeker advice and links to useful job search resources.

Genetic Engineering
Biotech terms specific to protein engineering, gene cloning, and enzyme technology.

biotech startups - business tips - business management advice
Is there a biotechnology business term you always wondered about? Owners of startup drug development and industrial biotech companies can look here to find answers to technical, regulatory and business management questions.

Articles and links describing the current and potential new applications of nanotechnology (i.e. nanoparticles) in biotechnology.

Laboratory Techniques - Lab Terminology - Lab Protocols
Technical terms related to common laboratory procedures in biochemical and biomedical research. Definitions for terminology describing routine laboratory protocols.

Stem Cell Research
Terms and definiations related to topics in stem cell research.

Business Plan
Look here for advice on preparing a business plan that will win you supporters and help acquire funding from any critical source.

Enzymes Used in the Dairy Industry
A description of the most commonly used enzymes in the dairy industry, their sources, applications and notes on genetic modifications that have been made to improve processes.

Strategies for acquiring financing from various sources, including granting agencies, investors and banks.

Getting Involved in Biotech
Whether it's investing money on the stock exchange or your time and energy in starting your own Biotech company, look here for guidelines and information on financing strategies, business planning and new developments in the industry.