Buddhism Sitemap - Page 1 2016-09-26

Historic Buddhist Temples of Japan: Chionin Temple, Japan, Jodo monks
An image gallery of historic, and beautiful, Buddhist temples of Japan. Temples represented include Sensoji, Tokyo; Zenkoji, Nagano; Kinakuji's Golden Pavilion, Kyoto; Toji Pagoda, Kyoto; the Zen rock garden of Ryoanji, Kyoto; Enryakuji, Mount Hiei, Kyoto; the great gate of Chionin, Kyoto; Todaiji and the Great Buddha, Nara; Eiheiji, Fukui; Mount Koya, Osaka. Page 3.

Japanese Buddhist Temple Enryakuji - Enryakuji, Mount Hiei, Tendai Temple
An image gallery of historic, and beautiful, Buddhist temples of Japan. Temples represented include Sensoji, Tokyo; Zenkoji, Nagano; Kinakuji's Golden Pavilion, Kyoto; Toji Pagoda, Kyoto; the Zen rock garden of Ryoanji, Kyoto; Enryakuji, Mount Hiei, Kyoto; the great gate of Chionin, Kyoto; Todaiji and the Great Buddha, Nara; Eiheiji, Fukui; Mount Koya, Osaka.

Japanese Buddhist Temple Kinkakuji - Kinkakuji, the Golden Pavilion
An image gallery of historic, and beautiful, Buddhist temples of Japan. Temples represented include Sensoji, Kyoto; Zenkoji, Nagano; Kinakuji's Golden Pavilion, Kyoto; Toji Pagoda, Kyoto; the Zen rock garden of Ryoanji, Kyoto; Enryakuji, Mount Hiei, Kyoto; the great gate of Chionin, Kyoto; Todaiji and the Great Buddha, Nara; Eiheiji, Fukui. Page 5.

Japanese Buddhist Temple Todaiji - Great Buddha of Nara, Japan
An image gallery of historic, and beautiful, Buddhist temples of Japan. Temples represented include Sensoji, Tokyo; Zenkoji, Nagano; Kinakuji's Golden Pavilion, Kyoto; Toji Pagoda, Kyoto; the Zen rock garden of Ryoanji, Kyoto; Enryakuji, Mount Hiei, Kyoto; the great gate of Chionin, Kyoto; Todaiji and the Great Buddha, Nara; Eiheiji, Fukui; Mount Koya, Osaka. Page 2.

Japanese Buddhist Temple Koyasan -- Mount Koya, Shingon Temple
An image gallery of historic, and beautiful, Buddhist temples of Japan. Temples represented include Sensoji, Tokyo; Zenkoji, Nagano; Kinakuji's Golden Pavilion, Kyoto; Toji Pagoda, Kyoto; the Zen rock garden of Ryoanji, Kyoto; Enryakuji, Mount Hiei, Kyoto; the great gate of Chionin, Kyoto; Todaiji and the Great Buddha, Nara; Eiheiji, Fukui; Mount Koya, Osaka. Page 8.

Ryoanji, Famous Zen Rock Garden - Zen Rock Garden of Ryoanji, Kyoto, Japan
An image gallery of historic, and beautiful, Buddhist temples of Japan. Temples represented include Sensoji, Tokyo; Zenkoji, Nagano; Kinakuji's Golden Pavilion, Kyoto; Toji Pagoda, Kyoto; the Zen rock garden of Ryoanji, Kyoto; Enryakuji, Mount Hiei, Kyoto; the great gate of Chionin, Kyoto; Todaiji and the Great Buddha, Nara; Eiheiji, Fukui; Mount Koya, Osaka. Page 9.

Japanese Buddhist Temple Sensoji - Sensoji Temple, Tokyo
An image gallery of historic, and beautiful, Buddhist temples of Japan. Temples represented include Sensoji, Tokyo; Zenkoji, Nagano; Kinakuji's Golden Pavilion, Kyoto; Toji Pagoda, Kyoto; the Zen rock garden of Ryoanji, Kyoto; Enryakuji, Mount Hiei, Kyoto; the great gate of Chionin, Kyoto; Todaiji and the Great Buddha, Nara; Eiheiji, Fukui; Mount Koya, Osaka. Page 6.

Japanese Buddhist Temple Toji - Toji, Japan's Tallest Pagoda
An image gallery of historic, and beautiful, Buddhist temples of Japan. Temples represented include Sensoji, Tokyo; Zenkoji, Nagano; Kinakuji's Golden Pavilion, Kyoto; Toji Pagoda, Kyoto; the Zen rock garden of Ryoanji, Kyoto; Enryakuji, Mount Hiei, Kyoto; the great gate of Chionin, Kyoto; Todaiji and the Great Buddha, Nara; Eiheiji, Fukui; Mount Koya, Osaka. Page 4.

Japanese Buddhist Temple Zenkoji - Zenkoji, Historic Temple of Nagano
An image gallery of historic, and beautiful, Buddhist temples of Japan. Temples represented include Sensoji, Tokyo; Zenkoji, Nagano; Kinakuji's Golden Pavilion, Kyoto; Toji Pagoda, Kyoto; the Zen rock garden of Ryoanji, Kyoto; Enryakuji, Mount Hiei, Kyoto; the great gate of Chionin, Kyoto; Todaiji and the Great Buddha, Nara; Eiheiji, Fukui; Mount Koya, Osaka. Page 7.

Images of Historic Buddhist Temples in Japan
An image gallery of historic, and beautiful, Buddhist temples of Japan. Temples represented include Sensoji, Tokyo; Zenkoji, Nagano; Kinakuji's Golden Pavilion, Kyoto; Toji Pagoda, Kyoto; the Zen rock garden of Ryoanji, Kyoto; Enryakuji, Mount Hiei, Kyoto; the great gate of Chionin, Kyoto; Todaiji and the Great Buddha, Nara; Eiheiji, Fukui; Mount Koya, Osaka.

Buddhist Wheel of Life: The Animal Realm
Animal Beings (Tiryakas) are solid, regular and predictable. They cling to what is familiar and are disinterested, even fearful, of anything outside their limited experience. Page 7.

The Wheel of Life: The Realm of Jealous Gods
The Asura (Jealous God) Realm is marked by paranoia. Asuras are hyper-competitive and paranoid. They are driven by a desire to beat their competition, and everyone is competition. Page 4.

The Wheel of Life: The Wheel of Life (Bhavachakra) Symbolizes Birth and Rebirth in Buddhism
The Wheel of Life is one of the most common subjects of Buddhist art. The detailed symbolism of the Wheel is rich with meaning that can be interpreted on many levels.

The Wheel of Life: The Center
At the center of the Wheel of Life are the forces that keep it turning -- hate, desire and ignorance. Page 9.

The Wheel of Life: The Hell Realm
The Hell Realm is marked by anger, terror and claustrophobia. Hell Beings (Narakas) are known for their aggression. Page 6.

The Wheel of Life: The Human Realm
Of the Six Realms, it is only in the Human Realm that the path of liberation from the Wheel can be found. Page 8.

The Wheel of Life: Hungry Ghosts
Hungry Ghosts (Pretas) are beings with a hunger that can never be satisfied. They have huge, empty stomachs, but their thin necks don't allow nourishment to pass. Food turns to fire and ash in their mouths. Page 5.

The Wheel of Life: Nirvana
The upper left-hand corner of a Bhavachakra is filled with a scene or symbol representing liberation from the Wheel. Page 11.

The Wheel of Life: The Realm of the Gods
The Realm of the Gods (Devas) is the highest realm of the Wheel of Life and is always depicted at the top of the Wheel. It's nice being a Deva, but even the Devas are subject to karma, death and rebirth. Page 3.

The Wheel of Life: The Buddha
A Buddha figure appears in the upper right-hand corner of the Bhavachakra, representing hope for liberation from the Wheel. Page 10.

The Wheel of Life: Yama, Lord of the Underworld
The creature holding the Wheel of Life in his hooves is Yama, the wrathful dharmapala who is Lord of the Hell Realm. Dharmapalas are not evil beings, but rather are the fierce protectors of Buddhism and Buddhists. Page 2.

Japanese Buddhist Temple Eiheiji - Eiheiji, Soto Zen
An image gallery of historic, and beautiful, Buddhist temples of Japan. Temples represented include Sensoji, Tokyo; Zenkoji, Nagano; Kinakuji's Golden Pavilion, Kyoto; Toji Pagoda, Kyoto; the Zen rock garden of Ryoanji, Kyoto; Enryakuji, Mount Hiei, Kyoto; the great gate of Chionin, Kyoto; Todaiji and the Great Buddha, Nara; Eiheiji, Fukui; Mount Koya, Osaka. Page 10.

The Wheel of Life - Illustrated Buddhist Bhavachakra
The Wheel of Life presents the cycle of birth and rebirth to Buddhists. At once terrifying and beautiful, wrathful and peaceful, the Wheel -- called the

Thich Nhat Hanh - Famous Vietnamese Buddhist Monk
A biography of Buddhist monk, teacher, poet and peace activist Thich Nhat Hanh

Buddhist Teachings on the Self and No-Self
You can find Buddhist teachings about finding the self, losing the self, small self, big self, original self, true self, and no self. What's a self?

Buddhist Sutta-pitaka - Second Section of the Tipitaka
The Sutta-pitaka is the oldest record of what are believed to be the Buddha's sermons. What does it contain? How accurate is it?

A History of Buddhism
The History of Buddhism began with the life of the Buddha in the 6th century BCE and continues to the present day. Buddhism encompasses an enormous diversity of practices and traditions, yet the basic teachings of the Buddha remain the clear light at the center of all.

The First Buddhists
When the historical Buddha died, leadership of the sangha fell to Mahakashyapa. Mahakashyapa convened the first Buddhist Council of the Buddha's followers to collect and preserve his teachings. Monks then went forth to spread Buddhism throughout India.

The Fourth Buddhist Precept: Practicing Truthfulness
The Fourth Precept tells us to abstain from telling lies. Keeping this Precept requires an honesty that goes deeper than simply not lying.

The Emergence of Mahayana
The most significant split in schools of Buddhism most probably occurred in the first century BCE, when the Mahayana School diverged from Theravada.

The Emperor Ashoka and the Spread of Buddhism
The conversion of the Indian Emperor Ashoka (304-232 BCE) to Buddhism was a pivotal moment in Buddhist history. Ashoka sent missionaries to spread Buddhism far outside of India.

The Buddha's Disciples
Biographies of the Buddha's Principal Disciples

The Life of the Buddha
Articles about the life of Gautama Buddha, the historical Buddha

Blog


Right Speech - Moral Discipline in the Eightfold Path
Right Speech is a portion of the Buddhist Eightfold Path. What do Buddhists mean by Right Speech?

The Buddha on Metaphysics and the Nature of Reality
Was the historical Buddha truly unconcerned about metaphysics, or the nature reality? Or are people who claim this misreading the Pali texts?

The Life of Mahakasyapa - Disciple of the Buddha
The Buddha's disciple Mahakasyapa led the monks after the Buddha's death.

Madhyamika - School of the Middle Way
Madhyamika was an early school of Mahayana Buddhism. Madhyamika is primarily concerned with the nature of existence and the doctrine of sunyata,

The Role of Zen in Japan's Samurai Culture
Many popular books and even some films have connected Zen Buddhism to Japan's samurai warrior culture. How much of the Zen-samurai connection is real, and how much is myth?

Five Important Women in Early Zen History
There were women Zen masters from the earliest days of Zen in China. Here are five women from the early history of Zen

The Buddha's Opinions on Women and Nuns
The historical Buddha's most famous statements on women came about when his stepmother and aunt, Maha Pajapati Gotami, asked to join the Sangha and become a nun. The Buddha initially refused her request. Eventually he relented, but in doing so he made conditions and a prediction that remain controversial to this day.

Dokusan - Private Interview with a Zen Buddhist Teacher
Dokusan is a private interview with a Zen teacher.

How Did the Buddha Reach Enlightenment?
This is the story of the enlightenment of the Buddha, including his meditation under the bodhi tree and the temptations of Mara.

What Is Secular Buddhism? Does It Have to Be Religious?


The Practice of Metta, or Loving Kindness
Loving kindness is the antidote to selfishness, anger, and fear.

Dependent Origination - Core Teaching of Buddhism
Dependent Origination is a Buddhist teaching on the nature of existence -- nothing exists independently of other things.

How Buddhism Understands Faith and Doubt
The word

Buddhist Perspectives on the Abortion Debate
Buddhism teaches that abortion is the taking of a human life, but at the same time most Buddhists are reluctant to interfere with a woman's personal decision to abort. From a Buddhist perspective, these positions are not contradictory.

Buddhism and Abortion - The Buddhist View of the Morality of Abortion
Buddhism teaches that abortion is the taking of a human life, but it also discourages imposing moral absolutes on ourselves and others. Page 2.

Empty Your Cup - Old Chinese Zen Saying
Buddhism.

Rinzai Is the Japanese Name of a School of Zen Buddhism
Rinzai (Japan) or Linji (China) is a school of Zen Buddhism that originated in China and was established in Japan in the late 12th century.

What the Buddha Taught About Karma and Rebirth
The law of karma is a law of cause and effect, which teaches that every action produces fruit. How is karma connected to the doctrine of rebirth?

The Saddharma-pundarika Sutra, or Lotus Sutra: Overview
Of the many scriptures of Mahayana Buddhism, few are more revered than the Lotus Sutra. Here is a brief overview of the sutra and its history.

The Life of Siddhartha Gautama, Who Became the Buddha
This simple account of the historic Buddha's life covers his early life, the Renunciation, his Enlightenment, and his later life as a teacher.

Book Review: Don't Be a Jerk by Brad Warner
Brad Warner's book Don't Be a Jerk paraphrases selections from Dogen's Shobogenzo using modern American idioms. It's Dogen With Less Frustration.

How to Become a Buddhist
Outside Asia, most people develop an interest in Buddhism by reading about it, and there are many excellent books about Buddhism available. Yet Buddhism learned only from books is only a taste, not the full banquet. Today, for westerners, finding a teacher and community of Buddhists is easier than ever.

Books for Buddhists
Books can help you clarify whether Buddhism is the right path for you. Here are book suggestions and reviews.

The Many Symbolic Meanings of the Lotus in Buddhism
The lotus is one of the most common symbols found in Buddhist art and literature, signifying many things. Here is a guide to the meaning of the lotus.

Buddhism and Women -- Is Buddhism a Sexist Religion?
Is sexism intrinsic to Buddhism, or did Buddhist institutions absorb sexism from Asian culture? Can Buddhism treat women as equals, and remain Buddhism?

Pali Canon: A Canon of Early Buddhist Scriptures
The earliest scriptures of Buddhism were kept alive through the years by being memorized and chanted by generations of monks.

Right Action Is Part of the Buddhist Eightfold Path
Right Action is the fourth aspect of the Buddhist Eightfold Path. But what is Right Action, exactly? Here is a brief explanation

Right Mindfulnes - Mindfulness as Buddhist Practice
Mindfulness is a whole-body-and-mind awareness of the present moment that is a cornerstone of Buddhist practice

Buddhism in China
Articles about Buddhism in China, history and current events

Chan (Zen) Buddhism in China
Articles about Chan Buddhism, the original Zen, in China

Tiantai Buddhism in China
Tiantai was a vibrant school of Buddhism in China that influenced other schools as well. Here is a brief introduction to Tiantai.

Shingon - Japanese Esoteric Buddhism
Shingon, Japanese esoteric Buddhism, is the only living form of Vajrayana outside of Tibetan Buddhism.

Right Concentration: The Buddhist Eightfold Path
Right Concentration is the eighth part of the Buddhist Eightfold Path. Through Right Concentration, the mind finds its way to wisdom and enlightenment.

About Buddhism: History, Teachings, and More
Find out more about Buddhism's origins, doctrines, and the distinctive features of its major schools to understand how Buddhism impacts our world.

The Mahayana Sutras
Most of the Mahayana Sutras were written between 100 BCE and 200 CE. The authorship for most is unknown. Different schools of Mahayana Buddhism emphasize different Sutras.

The Sacred Texts of Buddhism
In the monotheistic religions, the Bible, Koran and other sacred books are considered the revealed truth of God. Buddhist sacred texts, on the other hand, are thought of as guides on the path to truth, not truth itself. That said, there are many sacred texts in Buddhism, but not all texts are accepted by all schools.

The Tripitaka or Pali Canon
The Tripitaka (Sanskrit,

The Buddha's Raft Parable: What Does It Mean?
The Buddha compared his teaching to a raft that can be abandoned once you've reached the other shore. But what does that mean, exactly?

How Buddhism Came to Tibet
This is a brief history of Tibetan Buddhism from in 641 CE, when King Songtsen Gampo unified Tibet and married two Buddhist princesses, to 1642, when the 5th Dalai Lama became ruler of Tibet.

Are There Good Reasons to Convert to Buddhism?
Why I can give you no good reason to convert to Buddhism.

Sotapanna or Srotapanna: First Stage of Enlightenment
Entering the stream, or achieving srotappana (Sanskrit; sotapanna in Pali), is considered the first stage of enlightenment in Buddhism.

Dragons in Buddhist Mythology, Art, and Literature
Dragons often appear in Buddhist art, myths and scripture. Where did the dragons come from, and what do they represent?

The Three Pure Precepts of Mahayana Buddhism
Mahayana Buddhism teaches that all moral and ethical teachings arise from the Three Pure Precepts -- to do no evil; to do good; to save all beings.

About the Demon Mara, Who Challenged the Buddha
The demon Mara plays a role in many stories of the Buddha and his monks. This article discusses Mara's origins and what he represents in Buddhism.

Second Foundation of Mindfulness: Mindfulness of Feelings
The Buddha taught that the practice of mindfulness has four foundations. The second foundation of mindfulness is mindfulness of feelings or sensations.

Introduction to the Primary Schools of Tibetan Buddhism
Tibetan Buddhism has developed into six distinctive major traditions - Nyingma, Kagyu, Sakya, Gelug, Jonang, and Bonpo. Here is a brief explanation of each.

Jizo Bosatsu: The Bodhisattva Who Protects Children
Jizo Bosatsu (Bodhisattva) is one of the most beloved figures of Japanese Buddhism. He is known in particular as the protector of deceased children.

Shi Yongxin, Abbot of Shaolin Monastery
Shaolin Monastery's commercial enterprises include a reality television program that searches for kung fu stars, a touring

Shaolin Kung Fu Monk - Shaolin Monk Displays Kung Fu Skills
A warrior monk of Shaolin Temple displays his Kung Fu skills at the Pagoda Forest of the temple.

Shaolin Monks Prepare Morning Ceremony
Monks of Shaolin Temple prepare for a morning ceremony at the main hall of the temple, a UNESCO world heritage site. Page 5.

Tourists at Shaolin Temple of Kung Fu Monks
A monk walks past foreign martial arts fans practising wushu at Shaolin Temple . The refurbished temple is a major tourist site. Page 9.

Shaolin Monk Reads and Stretches at Shaolin Temple
A pleasant walk graces the monastery grounds. Shaolin was restored with donations from martial arts groups from all around the world. Page 6.

Monks Demonstrate Kung Fu on Songshan Mountain
Warrior monks of the Shaolin Temple display their Kung Fu skills at the Songshan Mountain near the temple April 12, 2005 in Dengfeng, Henan Province, China. Page 7.

Kung Fu in the Pagoda Forest, Shaolin Temple.
A monk shows off his martial arts skills in the Pagoda Forest of Shaolin temple. Page 10.

Shaolin Monks in Performance in Sydney
Shaolin monks perform scenes from 'Sutra' at the Sydney Opera House. The show presents the pacifist beliefs and the fighting skills of the Zen monks. Page 8.

The Real Kung Fu Monks of Shaolin Monastery, China
Photo gallery of China's Shaolin Monastery and its monks. The 15-century-old monastery is the birthplace of Zen Buddhism and of its own style of kung fu.

A Monk's Room in Shaolin Temple
A Buddhist Shaolin monk sits on his bed, which is next to an altar. Page 11.

Shaolin Monks Sparring on Temple Grounds
There is archaeological evidence that martial arts have been practiced at Shaolin since at least the 7th century. Page 4.

Shaolin Kung Fu Monks in History
The many legends of the warrior monks of Shaolin are grounded in some real history. The emperors of China occasionally called on the monks for help. Page 2.

Being Grateful - What the Buddha Taught About Gratitude
A grateful mind is a powerful aid in Buddhist practice. Moment-to-moment mindfulness and gratitude go hand in hand. How can we become more grateful?

Free Will and Buddhism
Free will is a huge component of much of western philosophy and religion. What does Buddhism have to say about free will?

Buddhism and Food - What's Okay, What's Not
Vegetarianism isn't an absolute rule for Buddhists, but why not? And what's wrong with onions?

Letting It Go: How Buddhism Teaches Us to Stop Stewing
How much time do you waste with stewing, worrying, and fretting? How Buddhism uses mindfulness to teach us to let go of things we can't change.

Living a Buddhist Life
Articles about what it means to live as a Buddhist.

Prince Siddhartha - The Prince Who Became the Buddha
The historical Buddha's original name was Siddhartha Gautama, and he was said to have been a prince. What do we know about young Prince Siddhartha?

Bodhi Day - Observing the Buddha's Enlightenment
Bodhi Day is the commemoration of the Buddha's enlightenment, observed by Mahayana Buddhists of east Asia.

Siddhartha's Renunciation - On the Path to Buddhahood
Joseph Campbell called the Buddha's story of the Four Passing Signs

Jhannas or Dhyanas - A Progression of Buddhist Meditation
An explanation of the jhanas or dhyanas as practiced in Theravada Buddhism.

What Is Engaged Buddhism?
Engaged Buddhism is a global movement extending Buddhist practice and teaching into social, environmental and other kinds of activism.

Tathagatagarbha - a Doctrine of Mahayana Buddhism
The Tathagatagarbha doctrine of Mahayana Buddhism proposes that the enlightenment of the Buddha, or Buddha Nature, is a potentiality within all of us.

An Overview of Chinese Mahayana Buddhist Sutras
There are myriad Mahayana sutras associated with the so-called Chinese Canon of Mahayana Buddhist scripture. Here is an introduction to the Chinese Mahayana sutras.

The Chinese Mahayana Canon of Buddhist Scriptures
The Chinese Canon is a vast treasure of Mahayana Buddhist scriptures and commentaries.

Tathata or Suchness, a Buddhist Teaching
Tathata,

Charity in Buddhism
In the West we don't hear much about Buddhist charities, but there really are Buddhist charities doing good work around the world.

Do Buddhists Pray?
Is there prayer in Buddhism? No, and yes, depending on what you mean by prayer. Here is a brief explanation.

Angulimala: A Killer Who Became the Buddha's Disciple
Angulimala was a fierce bandit and serial killer who wore a necklace made of human fingers. He gave up his terrible life when he met the Buddha.

Beings You Might Meet in Buddhist Hell
Some major iconic figures of Buddhism are associated with the hell realm. Here are some beings you might meet if you go there.

Ksitigarbha - Bodhisattva of the Hell Realm
Ksitigarbha is the iconic bodhisattva of the Buddhist hell realm. He is also called upon to guide deceased children and to protect travelers,

The Tibetan Buddhist Canon - Scriptures of Tibetan Buddhism
The Tibetan Buddhist scriptural canon is in two parts, called the Kangyur and the Tengyur. Here is a basic introduction.

The Buddhist Hell Realm
Naraka, or the Buddhist hell realms, is a place of countless torments. Here is a handy guide in case you end up there.

Understanding the Buddhist Hell Realm
Does Buddhism teach that hell is a real place? Or is it an allegory of our psychological projections?

The Buddhist Teachings of Nama-rupa
Nama-rupa is the mind-body, or name and form, that is an individual life.

Beat Zen
Beat Zen was part of the larger Beat Generation literary and artistic movement of the 1950s. For better or worse, the Beats defined Zen for many Americans.

A Look Back at "Beat Zen, Square Zen, and Zen"
Alan Watts may have been the best salesman Zen Buddhism ever had. Here is a look back at his famous 1958 essay,

How to Learn About Buddhism
Learning about Buddhism can be intimidating. Where do we even begin? Here are some suggestions for how to put one's toe in the water, so to speak.

Do We Really Make Our Own Reality?
People say we create our own reality. Is that true? Here is what Buddhism has to say about making reality.

Linji Yixuan, Founder of Linji (Rinzai) Zen
Two stories about Linji Yixuan, the founder of Linji (Rinzai) Zen.

Linji Chan (Rinzai Zen) Buddhism in China
The Linji school of Chinese Chan (Zen) Buddhism is known for formal koan contemplation. Chinese Linji Chan is the ancestor of Japanese Rinzai Zen.

Chinese Caodong and the Origins of Soto Zen Buddhism
Caodong was a school of Chinese Chan Buddhism that was the forerunner of Japanese Soto Zen.

Introduction to the Four Noble Truths of Buddhism
Understanding the Four Noble Truths is critical to understanding Buddhism. Here is a simple introduction for beginners.

TheTendai School of Japanese Buddhism
The Tendai school of Japanese Buddhism was once the dominant school of Buddhism in Japan. Today it is known for the Kaihogyo, a grueling course of aestheticism that requires long-distance running.

About Buddhist Nuns - their lives and role
There are Buddhist nuns as well as monks, but nuns have not always been supported by Buddhist institutions in Asia.

Ikkyu Sojun
A biography of Ikkyu Sojun (1394-1481),

Shakyamuni Buddha - The Historical Buddha
Shakyamuni Buddha is name often given to the historical Buddha. This article discusses the significance of the name Shakyamuni.

Review: The Making of Buddhist Modernism by David McMahan
David McMahan's The Making of Buddhist Modernism is recommended to anyone trying to understand today's Buddhism.

Zen and Martial Arts - What's the Connection?
Zen is associated with the martial arts, but is that association justified, or just hype?

What to Expect at Zen Intensive Meditation Retreats
What are

The First Noble Truth of Buddhism
The First Noble Truth of Buddhism is the beginning of the Buddhist path. Often translated superficially as

The Second Noble Truth of Buddhism
The Second Noble Truth of Buddhism explains why life is unsatisfactory (dukkha).

The Third Noble Truth of Buddhism
The Third Noble Truth explains the cessation of things that bind us to suffering.

The Fourth Noble Truth of Buddhism - The Eightfold Path
In the Fourth Noble Truth, the Buddha presented the path to enlightenment.

War and Buddhism - Buddhist Views of War
Buddhism opposes war, but sometimes Buddhists must go to war. Buddhism values pacifism, yet Buddhism is associated with martial arts. What does Buddhism teach about war?

The Ten Suchnesses - a Teaching from the Lotus Sutra
The Ten Suchnesses are a teaching on the deepest nature of reality taken from the Lotus Sutra.

A List With Descriptions of Major Mahayana Sutras
This is a list of major Mahayana Sutras, with descriptions and links to longer articles. Among these are some of the best-known Buddhist scriptures.

Eight Dharmapalas - Wrathful Protectors of Buddhism
They're wrathful, they're terrifying, and they're the good guys. Dharmapalas are fearsome creatures of Vajrayana Buddhism who aid and protect Buddhists.

The Perfection of Renunciation
Renunciation in Buddhism is not penance or self-punishment. Instead, it is an act of liberation from the things that bind us to suffering.

The Jataka Tales - Lives of the Buddha
The Jataka Tales are stories and fables about the previous lives of the Buddha. Where did these stories come from? What is their history?

Which School of Buddhism Is Right for You?
Advice for choosing a school of Buddhism that is right for you

Buddhism in Sri Lanka
Articles related to Buddhism in Sri Lanka

Buddhist Meditation -- Bhavana, Samatha, Vipassana
There are several forms of Buddhist meditation, although all forms are forms of bhavana. Bhavana subdivides into samatha or shamatha (tranquility) and vipassana or vipashyana (insight). Beyond this, the several schools of Buddhism have developed diverse approaches to bhavana.

Buddhism Symbols
Here are images commonly found in Buddhist art.

Taking Refuge in the Buddhist Path
In most Buddhist traditions, the ceremony marking commitment to the Buddhist path is called

Through Asia and Beyond
By the 1st century CE Buddhism was being practiced in China and throughout southeast Asia. Eventually it would be established throughout Asia. As it spread north, Mahayana Buddhism in particular diversified into several more schools.

Buddhist Teachings on the Skandhas and No-Self
The First Noble Truth is about the suffering and impermanence of life. But as we consider the many forms of suffering, we should also be asking who is it that suffers? The confusion, fear and disappointment of our lives is rooted in misunderstanding of who we are. Throughly understanding the self is an essential part of the Buddhist path.

How Buddhism Understands Existence
Much of the Buddha's teaching is about the nature of existence. Here are articles explaining how Buddhism understands existence.

Buddhism in Japan
Articles about the history and practices of the several schools of Japanese Buddhism

Ritual, Liturgy and Other Practices
Articles About Chanting, Rituals and Other Buddhist Practices

Shingon Buddhism
About Shingon Buddhism, also called Japanese Esoteric Buddhism or Japanese Vajrayana

Zen Buddhism in Japan
Articles about the history of Japanese Zen

Japanese Zen
Articles about Japanese Zen, including history, practices, and famous Zen masters

Other Buddhas
Articles about the many Buddhas of Buddhist scripture and art who are not the historical Buddha

Shin Buddhism
Articles about the history of Shin Buddhism (Jodo Shinshu) in Japan

Barriers to Enlightenment
Here are articles about common problems people encounter in Buddhist practice.

Chinese Chan (Zen)
Zen originated in 6th century China, where it is called Chan. Here are articles about Chan in China.

Buddhism in Nepal
Articles about the history and development of Buddhism in Nepal.

The Philosophy of Yogacara
Yogacara is the so-called

Vesak and Buddha's Birthday
Vesak is the most widely celebrated holy day of Buddhism. It usually falls in April or May and combines observance of the Buddha's birth, his enlightenment, and his death and passage into final Nirvana. However, some schools of Buddhism observe those three events on different days, and the big spring celebration is for Buddha's birthday only.

Mindfulness and Meditation
Articles about Buddhist Meditation and the Buddhist Practice of Mindfulness

Problems in Practice
Lots of things can get in the way of Buddhist practice. Here are articles about common practice problems.

Buddhist Virtues
Articles about compassion, empathy, and other virtues cultivated by Buddhist practice.

What Is the Buddha Dharma?
The Buddha taught a path of spiritual practice we call Buddhism, or sometimes the Buddha Dharma. Here are articles about Buddhism and the Dharma.

Mudita: The Buddhist Practice of Sympathetic Joy
In Buddhism, mudita is joy for the good fortune of others. Opening our hearts to sympathetic joy is a prerequisite for enlightenment.

Buddhism Teachings and Anger (Dealing With)
Anger is a poison and an obstacle to enlightenment, the Buddha said. Yet we all get angry. What does Buddhism teach about dealing with anger?

Brahma-Vihara: Four Divine States / Four Immeasurables
The Buddha taught his monks to cultivate four states of mind, called the Brahma-vihara -- loving kindness, compassion, empathy and equanimity.

How Buddhism Agrees With Science
What role does science play in modern-day Buddhism and how can it be used to enhance one's understanding of the religion?

Buddhism & Vegetarianism: Why Some Still Eat Meat
The historical Buddha and his disciples were not vegetarians. Why then did vegetarianism come to be associated with Buddhism?

Buddhist Retreats - Start Your Spiritual Path
Retreats are a great way to initiate a personal exploration of Buddhism, and of yourself. Here is advice about how to find authentic Buddhist retreats and what to expect when you participate in one.

Right View - Eightfold Path of Buddhism
The Buddha taught that Right View is an essential part of the Buddhist path. In fact, it is part of the Eightfold Path, which is the basis of all Buddhist practice.

The Fifth Buddhist Precept - To Drink, or Not to Drink
The Fifth Precept of Buddhism, translated from the Pali Canon, is

The Fragile Status of Buddhism in China and Tibet Today
How has Buddhism survived in China since the rise of Mao Zedong? And what's happening with Tibetan Buddhism in Tibet? Here's a brief explanation.

The Sangha Is the Community of Buddhists
The sangha is the community of Buddhists, especially the monastic community. Here is a closer look at the word sangha -- how it is used, what it means.

Mara, Lord of Death -- What Mara Represents to Buddhists Today
The demon Mara plays a role in many stories of the Buddha and his monks, and in particular the story of the Buddha's enlightenment. What does Mara represent to Buddhists today? How does Mara manifest in your life and practice? Page 2.

The Buddhist Six Realms of Desire and Samsara
The Six Realms of Buddhism are a description of conditioned existence, or samsara, into which beings are reborn. They may be understood as allegories.

Is Buddhism Difficult or Easy? Both, and Neither
Some say the Buddhist path is simple, and people make it too complicated. Others disagree; they say enlightenment is hard! Here's a look at both views.

The Faith of Buddhism - Trust the Practice, Trust Yourself
In Buddhism, the word faith does not refer to belief. Instead, it means trust or confidence, in oneself and in the dharma.

Beginner Perils and Pitfalls of the Spiritual Path
There are many pitfalls along the spiritual path, whether than path is Buddhist or something else. Here are some common pitfalls for beginner seekers.

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Bodhisattvas of Mahayana Buddhism Portrayed in Art
Bodhisattvas are the spiritual ideals of Mahayana Buddhism. This slide show presents some of the many sumptuous ways bodhisattvas are portrayed in art.

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Five Odd Facts About Buddhism and the Buddha
There's a lot about Buddhism most westerners still don't know. What's a saffron robe? Why no women Buddhas? Here are answers to five nagging questions.

Life as a Monk or Nun
Curious about Buddhist monks or nuns? Here is some general information.

Buddhist Meditation
Articles about Buddhist meditation, including mindfulness

Dayi Daoxin, the Fourth Patriarch of Zen Buddhism
Dayi Daoxin, the Fourth Patriarch of Zen Buddhism, is credited with establishing the first monastery dedicated entirely to Zen practice.

Stories of the Women Disciples of the Buddha
Women as well as men became disciples of the Buddha, and many women were ordained into the monastic sangha. Here are the stories of some of these women.

Indra's Jewel Net: A Metaphor for Interbeing
Indra's Net, or the Jewel Net of Indra, in Mahayana Buddhism is a sumptuous metaphor for the emptiness and interpenetration of all phenomena.

The Avatamsaka Sutra: The Flower Garland Scripture
The Avatamsaka Sutra is a work of sumptuous imagery that presents all phenomena as interpenetrating.

Sadayatana: The Six Sense Organs and Their Objects
Sadayatana is the six sense organs or faculties and their objects. This may be dharma wonkery, but study of sadayatana helps in understanding Buddhism.

Twelve Links of Dependent Origination
The Buddha said there are twelve links in the

Manas: In Buddhism, the Mind of Will and Delusion
Manas is a Sanskrit/Pai word in Buddhist texts that is translated as

Enlightenment and Nirvana in Buddhism
The Buddha taught that we can put an end to suffering and escape the cycles of life and death. This cessation of suffering is called

Seven Factors of Enlightenment
Here are seven factors or qualities that naturally arise from enlightenment. Cultivating them also helps one realize enlightenment.

The Buddhist Nirvana Is Not Heaven. But What Is It?
Nirvana has become a synonym for bliss or heaven. In Buddhism, Nirvana is not a place, and it is neither existence nor non-existence. So what is it?

Prajna or Panna is Wisdom in Buddhism
Prajna is Sanskrit for wisdom or consciousness. The Pali word is panna. It refers to the perception of the true nature of reality.

Seven Factors of Enlightenment in Buddhism
The Buddha taught that cultivation of these seven factors leads to enlightenment. The factors are also manifestations of enlightenment. What are they?

Interbeing Is the Interconnection of All Things
Interbeing is a popular term coined by Thich Nhat Hanh. It describes the way all phenomena depend on and inter-exist with all other phenomena.

Nirvana Day (Parinirvana) - Buddhist Holiday
Nirvana Day -- Parinirvana -- is a Mahayana Buddhist observation of the death and attainment of final or complete Nirvana of the historical Buddha.

Attachment, Detachment, Non-attachment in Buddhism
The Stoic philosophers of ancient Greece and Rome left many teachings about non-attachment and compassion that should sound familiar to Buddhists.

In Buddhism, an Arhat Is an Enlightened Person
In Buddhism, an arhat or arahant is an individual who has realized enlightenment and may enter nirvana. How is an arhat different from a Buddha?

About the Eight Auspicious Symbols of Buddhism
The Eight Auspicious Symbols of Buddhism are from ancient Indian culture and frequently appear in Buddhist art. Here are the symbols and what they mean.

Why Equanimity Is an Essential Virtue in Buddhism
The Buddha taught his disciples to develop equanimity. What do Buddhists mean by equanimity, and how do you develop it? Is it just about being balanced?

The Dharma Wheel or Dharmachakra Symbol of Buddhism
The dharma wheel or dharmachakra is a symbol of Buddhism. What does the wheel represent? And why do the number of spokes vary from one wheel to the next?

Eihei Dogen Was the Founder of Japanese Soto Zen
Eihei Dogen, also called Dogen Kigen or Dogen Zenji, was the founder of Soto Zen in Japan. His teaching is still venerated in Soto Zen today.

Introduction to The Five Skandhas or Aggregates
The Buddha spoke often of the Five Skandhas, also called the Aggregates or Heaps. These are the physical and mental attributes that we think are us.

Alaya-vijnana: The Storehouse Consciousness
Alaya-vijnana, or Storehouse Consciousness, is a subconscious repository that contains impressions of all our past actions and the seeds of karma we have created.

The Meaning of Samskara or Sankhara in Buddhism
Samskara (or sankhara) is a word used in many Buddhist doctrines, but it has no parallel in English. This article explores the meaning of samskara.

When Is Buddha's Birthday? A Guide to Upcoming Dates
When is Buddha's birthday? The date varies from year to year and place to place. Here is a guide to the several observances in 2016, 2017 and 2018.

Avalokiteshvara, Bodhisattva of Infinite Compassion
Avalokiteshvara Bodhisattva is beloved to Mahayana Buddhists as the embodiment of infinite compassion. Here is some background on this bodhisattva.

Tibetan and Vajrayana Buddhism
Vajrayana is sometimes presented as a third

The Panchen Lama of Tibetan Budhism
The Panchen Lama, second highest lama in Tibetan Buddhism, has become a pawn of Chinese politics. Here is a brief background and history of the Panchen Lama.

Schools of Tibetan Buddhism
Tibetan Buddhism has four main branches and many sub-branches. Here are articles about these diverse traditions.

Gelugpa, or the Gelug School, Is Part of Tibetan Buddhism
The Gelug or Geluk school of Tibetan Buddhism, established in the 13th century, is the school associated with the Dalai Lama. Here is some background.

The Life of Ananda, a Disciple of the Buddha
The story of Ananda, a disciple and a chief attendant of the Buddha. Ananda is credited with preserving the Buddha's sermons and for the ordination of nuns.

Theravada Buddhism: Overview of History and Doctrines
Here is an introduction to Theravada, the oldest school of Buddhism, briefly explaining its origins and what makes it distinctive from Mahayana Buddhism.

Huineng Was the Sixth Patriarch of Zen Buddhism
The influence of the Huineng, the Sixth Patriarch of Zen, resonates through Zen Buddhism to this day. Some consider Huineng to be the true father of Zen.

How to Practice Buddhism When You're a Nervous Wreck
In Buddhism, restlessness and worry or anxiety are considered to be hindrances to practice and enlightenment. Here is advice for practicing with worry.

About Mahayana, the Great Vehicle School of Buddhism
There are a few basic teachings that distinguish all forms of Mahayana. Here Mahayana and Theravada are compared to make these distinctions clear.

To Many Buddhists, Vesak Is the Most Important Holiday
What is Vesak? Vesak is a major Buddhist holiday observing the historical Buddha's birth, enlightenment and death (Parinirvana). Learn how it is observed.

Ch'an and Zen Buddhism
Ch'an Buddhism emerged as a distinct school of Mahayana in 6th century China. It spread to Vietnam, Korea and Japan, where it is called Zen. In the 20th century, significant interest in Zen developed in the West. Zen emphasizes direct experience of one's enlightened nature.

The Life of Jianzhi Sengcan, Zen's Third Patriarch
Jianzhi Sengcan is remembered as Zen's Third Patriarch and the author of the Xinxin Ming,

Buddhism and Attachment Teachings (Why Avoid?)
You may have heard that Buddhists are supposed to be free of attachments. But this may not mean what you think it means. What does

The Life of Dazu Huike, the Second Patriarch of Zen
Huike (also spelled Hui-k'o), the heir of Bodhidharma and the Second Patriarch of Zen, lived a long life buffeted by political upheavals in China.

The Five Remembrances: Freeing Ourselves From Fear
The Buddha taught us the Five Remembrances so that we could face the fears lurking at the base of our consciousness directly, and be free of them.

Lists of Buddhist Holidays
There are myriad Buddhist holidays. Not all holidays are observed in all traditions, and some observed in all traditions are observed on different days. Vesak, the Buddha's birthday, is the most universally celebrated holiday, usually observed in May.

Buddha's Birthday - Buddha's Birthday in South Korea
South Korean Buddhists march on the street as they prepare for the buddha's birthday on April 26, 2009 in Seoul, South Korea. Buddha was born approximately 2,553 years ago, and although the exact date is unknown, Buddha's official birthday is celebrated on the full moon in May in South Korea, which is on May 2 this year. (Photo by Chung Sung-Jun/Getty Images). Page 3.

Buddha's Birthday - Buddha's Birthday in China
Pilgrims burn incenses and pray during a ceremony to mark the Buddha's birthday at Zhengjue Temple, one of China's largest Buddhist nunneries, on May 5, 2006 in Guohua of Jilin Province, China. Chinese Buddhists celebrated the 2550th anniversary of Buddha's birth at temples across the country today, according to local media. (Photo by China Photos/Getty Images). Page 6.

Buddha's Birthday - Buddha's Birthday in South Korea
South Korean Buddhists march on the street as they prepare for the Buddha's birthday on April 26, 2009 in Seoul, South Korea. Buddha was born approximately 2,553 years ago, and although the exact date is unknown, Buddha's official birthday is celebrated on the full moon in May in South Korea, which is on May 2 this year. (Photo by Chung Sung-Jun/Getty Images). Page 4.

Vesak Puja - Vesak Puja Observance in Indonesia
Buddhist monks meditate at the yard of Borobudur temple, built between 750 and 842 AD, June 1, 2007 in Magelang, Central Java province, Indonesia. Buddhists in Indonesia celebrate Vesak Day or 'the day of Buddha's birth, his enlightenment and his reaching of nirvana' today. (Photo by Dimas Ardian/Getty Images)

Vesak Puja - Vesak in Indonesia
Buddhist monks and followers perform a ritual walking from ancient Mendut temple to Progo river in order to release lighted candles into the river the day before Vesak Day on May 31, 2007, in Magelang, Central Java province, Indonesia. Buddhists in Indonesia will celebrate Vesak Day or 'the day of Buddha's birth, his enlightenment and his reaching of nirvana', that falls on June 1. Buddhism is one among five official religions in the world largest Muslim populated nation. Page 5.

Vesak Puja - Vesak Puja in Thailand
Circumambulation is the act of moving around a holy object. On Vesak and other Buddhist holy days monks and laypeople circumambulate around Buddha images and stupas or other shrines. Page 2.

Vesak - Vesak Puja in New York
2008 Buddha's Birthday Ceremony being performed by the Fo Guang Shan Buddhist Temple, Asian Pacific American Heritage Festival, New York. Page 8.

Buddha's Birthday - Buddha's Birthday in Nepal
A Nepalese woman lights prayer candles at Boudhanath, one of the world's largest stupas, during celebrations marking the 2547th Buddha Jayanti, or Buddha's birthday, May 16, 2003 in Lumbini, Nepal. Stupas are generally dome-shaped structures that serve as Buddhist shrines. The village of Lumpini is known to the world's Buddhists as the Buddha's birthplace. (Photo by Paula Bronstein/Getty Images). Page 7.

Images of Vesak and Buddha's Birthday
Vesak is the most sacred holy day of Theravada Buddhism. Also called Visakha Puja or Wesak, Vesak is an observation of the birth, enlightenment and death (parinirvana) of the historical Buddha. Mahayana Buddhists tend to separate these three events of the Buddha's life into three separate holidays. But the date of Vesak -- a full moon day that usually falls in May -- is also a common day for Mahayana Buddhists to celebrate Buddha's birthday.

Uposatha -- Special Observance Days
Uposatha are days marked by a full or new moon that are observed with intensive practice by Theravada Buddhists, including Eight Uposatha Precepts.

Where Did the Image of the Laughing Buddha Come From?
When Westerners think of Buddha, usually they picture the short, fat, bald version, not the austere and serious meditating Buddha. Where did the Laughing Buddha come from?

Buddhist Holidays 2016 Illustrated Calendar
This calendar of Buddhist holidays for 2016 is ordered by date instead of by holiday, so that you can follow along through the year. Note that the several traditions of Buddhism do not all observe the same holidays at the same time.

Buddhist Holidays 2016 Illustrated Calendar
This calendar of Buddhist holidays for 2016 is ordered by date instead of by holiday, so that you can follow along through the year. Note that the several traditions of Buddhism do not all observe the same holidays at the same time.

Buddhism Basic Beliefs and Teachings
There's more to Buddhism than shaving one's head and being blissful. Here is an introduction to Buddhism for beginners.

Early Buddhist History: The First Five Centuries
A brief overview of the early history of Buddhism, beginning with the death of the Buddha, about 483 BCE, to the beginning of the 1st millennium CE.

History of Early Buddhism II - Buddhist History From the Death of the Buddha to 1 CE
A brief overview of the early history of Buddhism, from the Fourth Buddhist Council, the emergence of the Mahayana, and the beginning of the 1st millennium CE. Page 2.

The Cycles of Buddhist Practice and the Cycles of Life
Here are some thoughts on Buddhist practice in our lives. The Buddhist path can take us to unexpected places, and it also has its ups and downs.

Finding a Buddhist Temple or Center, Teacher and Community
The first step in finding a place to study and practice Buddhism is to explore what's close to where you live. But if you need help, there are a number of online directories of Buddhist temples, centers, and communities to guide you.

Buddhists Don't Have to Be Nice
Are Buddhists supposed to be

History of Buddhism in China: The First Thousand Years
This thousand-year history tells the story of how Buddhism came to China, how it flourished, and how it was nearly crushed by a Tang Dynasty Emperor.

What Is a Buddha? Who Was the Buddha?
The Buddha is pictured in many ways, and the word Buddha is used to mean many things. Just what is a Buddha, anyway? And which Buddha is the Buddha?

Beginner Buddhist Books (Top Picks List)
In the West, many of us begin our journey in Buddhism by reading a book. Here is a list of recommended books for learning about Buddhism.

What Buddhists Mean by the Term Buddha Dharma
Although the word dharma often refers to the teachings of the Buddha, it means a great deal more than that. What does the term Buddha Dharma mean?

Ksanti Paramita Is the Buddhist Perfection of Patience
Perfection of patience or forbearance is an essential part of Buddhist practice. This article explains the three dimensions of patience.

Overview of the Sakya School of Tibetan Buddhism
Sakyapa is a major school of Tibetan Buddhism with a rich history. It's tantric practices have been passed from father to son for nearly 1,000 years.

Profile of Manjusri - Buddhist Bodhisattva of Wisdom
Manjusri is one of the most important iconic figures of Mahayana Buddhist art and literature. He represents prajna, wisdom that is not confined to conceptual knowledge.

Major Figures in Buddhist Art and Literature
Buddhist art and literature are filled with countless fabled and iconic characters--buddhas, bodhisattvas, deities and demons. Here are guides to who these beings are and what they represent.

Mahayana Buddhism
Mahayana means

Shingon
Shingon is Japanese esoteric Buddhism.

Tiantai and Tendai
Schools of Mahayana Buddhism in China and Japan

Five Major Bodhisattvas - Great Beings of Buddhism
Bodhisattvas work to bring all beings to enlightenment. Countless transcendent bodhisattvas are found in Buddhist art and literature, but these five are the most important.

Right Effort - Eightfold Path of Buddhism
A brief explanation of Right Effort as the sixth part of the Buddhist Eightfold Path

Buddhist Practice and the Five Hindrances
The Five Hindrances are states of mind that block the realization of enlightenment. The key to resolving the hindrances is to work with them.

What the Buddha Taught About Sensual Desire
The Buddha taught that sensual desire is a major hindrance to realizing enlightenment. But how do you free yourself from desire?

Major Figures in Buddhist History and Current Events
Countless people contributed to the 25 centuries of Buddhist history. Here is information on just a few especially significant figures.

Who's Who in Buddhism - Names Beginning With B
People who have Buddhism.

Who's Who in Buddhism: B
Prominent people from Buddhist history and today's news, whose names begin with A.

Who's Who in Buddhism: D
People from Buddhist history and current events whose names begin with D, plus the Dalal Lamas

Anagarika Dharmapala's Influence on Modern Buddhism
Anagarika Dharmapala (1864-1933) is remembered for

What Do Buddhists Mean by "Enlightenment"?
Westerners may think

The Buddhist Noble Eightfold Path to Enlightenment
The Eightfold Path is the Buddha's prescription for relieving suffering. It is the means by which one can realize enlightenment and enter Nirvana.

The Elusive Origins of Mahayana Buddhism
Mahayana's precise origins are a mystery, but it emerged as a separate school of Buddhism in about the 1st century CE. Today it is the dominant form of Buddhism in China, Tibet, Japan and Korea.

Origins of the Ancient Buddhist School of Theravada
Theravada considers itself to be the school closest to the original form of Buddhism. It emphasizes individual enlightenment and critical reasoning.

The Story of of Buddhist Nun Bhadda Kundalakesa
Bhadda Kundalakesa was a female disciple of the Buddha. Her spiritual journey began when her husband tried to kill her, and she killed him instead.

Stephen Batchelor's Confession of a Buddhist Atheist
Stephen Batchelor's Confession of a Buddhist Atheist falls apart under close scrutiny and fails to live up to its hype.

Bachelor's Confession - Review of Stephen Batchelor's Confession of a Buddhist Atheist part 2
How Stephen Batchelor missed his moment of Zen. Page 2.

Bachelor's Confession - Review of Stephen Batchelor's Confession of a Buddhist Atheist part 3
For a man who promotes Buddhism without beliefs, Stephen Batchelor has a lot of beliefs. Page 3.

Bachelor's Confession - Review of Stephen Batchelor's Confession of a Buddhist Atheist part 4
Stephen Batchelor Versus the Phantom Menace of Buddhist Orthodoxy. Page 4.

Why Do People Search for Original Buddhism?
Was there a pure or

What Buddhism, and Science, Teach About Terrorism
The Buddha taught us that evil acts, including terrorism, are rooted in greed, hate and ignorance. Social science has reached similar conclusions.

Buddhist Morality
A folder of articles on moral issues in Buddhism

Three Buddhist Verses to Chant Before Eating
How do Buddhists give thanks for food? Here are meal chants from three schools of Buddhism that are chanted before meals, expressing gratitude.

Worshiping the Buddha: Clarifying Terms and Practices
Do Buddhists worship the Buddha? It certainly looks as if they do. But looks can be deceiving. This article clarifies some terms and Buddhist practices.

Hakuin -- The Life, Teachings and Art of Zen Master Hakuin
Hakuin Ekaku (1686-1769) is known for his bold drawing and calligraphy, his inspirational writing, and for reviving the Rinzai school of Zen. He also created the koan

Zen Master Hakuin - Art, Calligraphy, and Teachings
Hakuin Ekaku (1686-1769) is known for his bold drawing and calligraphy, his inspirational writing, and for reviving the Rinzai school of Zen. He also created the koan

Theravada Buddhism
Theravada is the only surviving part of the Pali school, considered the oldest school of Buddhism. Today's Theravada monastic orders trace their history to the original monks who studied with the Buddha. Here we look at some of that history and at the distinctive teachings and practices of Theravada Buddhism.

History of Kathina, the Buddhist Robe Offering Ceremony
Kathina is an ancient ceremony for giving Buddhist monks and nuns gifts of cloth to make robes. This article explains the ceremony and its history.

The Buddhist Holiday of Magha Puja or Sangha Day
Magha Puja is a significant holy day of Theravada Buddhism. It is a day to show appreciation Buddhist monastics for their dedication and practice.

The Buddhist Precepts - An Introduction
The Buddhist Precepts are not a list of commandments to follow. Here is an introduction to the Precepts, both Theravada and Mahayana

Introduction to Thich Nhat Hanh's Five Mindfulness Trainings
The Five Mindfulness Trainings are Thich Nhat Hanh's guide to living a beneficial and joyful life. Here is a brief introduction.

Sila Paramita - the Perfection of Morality in Buddhism
Sila paramita, perfection of morality, is one of the perfections of Buddhism. This article explains how morality is understood in Buddhism.

Practicing the Six Perfections of Mahayana Buddhism
The Six Perfections or Paramitas are guides for those who seek enlightenment in Mahayana Buddhism. This article introduces the Perfections.

Lives of Prominent Disciples of the Buddha
Several of the Buddha's disciples were important figures in their own right. Here are some disciples who played significant roles in early Buddhism.

Lives of Prominent Disciples of the Buddha
Several of the Buddha's disciples were important figures in their own right. Here are some disciples who played significant roles in early Buddhism.

Overview of the Nyingma school of Tibetan Buddhism
A History and Overview of Nyingmapa, the oldest school of Tibetan Buddhism. It is known for the teaching of Dzogchen --

Karuna: The Importance of Compassion in Buddhism
The Buddha taught that compassion isn't just a nice virtue; it is essential to realizing enlightenment.

Glossary of Buddhist Terms -- L
These are just the briefest of definitions of Buddhist terms starting with L. Click on the term for more explanation of its meaning.

A lama is a religious master of Tibetan Buddhism
A lama is an advanced spiritual master of Tibetan Buddhism who is the embodiment of the Buddha's teachings.

What Is the Tripitaka? Early Buddhist Scripture
The Tripitaka is the oldest collection of Buddhist scriptures and includes many texts believed to be the words of the historical Buddha.

Glossary of Buddhist Terms -- T
These are just the briefest of definitions of Buddhist terms starting with T. Click on the term for more explanation of its meaning.

The Dharmakaya, Or Truth Body of the Buddha
The dharmakaya is one of the three bodies (trikaya) of the Buddha. It is the body that is unmanifested, beyond existence or nonexistence.

Wrathful Deities of Buddhism
Many wrathful and terrifying characters are depicted in Buddhist art and scripture, but most of them aren't

Best Buddhist Films? Some Suggestions for Bodhi-cinema
Looking for films to show at your dharma center? Or to watch yourself? Here are some suggestions of best (and some not-so-best) Buddhist films.

Fusatsu is a Zen Buddhist renewal of vows ceremony
Fusatu is one of the most beautiful ceremonies of Zen Buddhism. It is a ritual of atonement, purification, and renewal of vows to keep the Precepts.

The Emperor Ashoka and His Importance to Buddhism
The Emperor Ashoka the Great (304–232 BCE) played a vital role in promoting and spreading Buddhism far beyond its birthplace in the Upper Ganges Valley.

A Brief History of Buddhism in Japan
Buddhism in Japan, Part I: The First Seven Centuries. This brief history begins with the introduction of Buddhism to Japan and continues to the establishment of the two major Pure Land schools, Jodo Shu and Jodo Shinshu.

Buddhism in Japan - A history of Buddhism in Japan
Buddhism in Japan, Part II: From Zen to the Meiji Period. This brief history begins with the introduction of Zen Buddhism to Japan and continues to the Meiji Period (1868-1912). Page 2.

Are We Seeing the End of Japanese Buddhism?
Buddhism in Japan, Part III: After the Meiji Period to Today. This brief history concludes with a look at Buddhism in Japan today. Page 3.

Appearance and Illusion: Buddhist Teachings on Reality
There are many Buddhist teachings warning us to not be fooled by appearance. What does this mean, exactly, and why is it important in enlightenment?

Buddhism in One Sentence: The Dharma Distinction
The Buddhist path is a process of recognizing the unreality of the self, while helping others to recognize this as well.

Zen 101: An Introduction to Zen Buddhism
This is a bare-bones introduction to Zen Buddhism for those who don't know Zen from spinach. It includes a brief history of the school and the Zen definition of Zen.

Zen 101: Zazen and Zenspeak
This is a bare-bones introduction to Zen Buddhism for those who don't know Zen from spinach. Part 2 includes a few words on Zen meditation, and an explanation of Zenspeak and why it makes no sense. Page 2.

Are Buddhists Atheists?
If atheism is the absence of belief in gods, then many Buddhists are atheists. Why then do Buddhists pray and bow to Buddha figures on altars?

King Milinda's Questions and the Chariot Simile
The Milindapanha is famous for the chariot simile, which illustrates that things and beings are only concepts, and names are mere designations.

The Lost World of Buddhist Gandhara Kingdom
The ancient Buddhist kingdom of Gandhara stretched across what is now Afghanistan and Pakistan and made invaluable contributions to Buddhist art.

Buddhist Gandhara - History and Art of Buddhist Gandhara
The ancient Buddhist kingdom of Gandhara stretched across what is now Afghanistan and Pakistan and made invaluable contributions to Buddhist art. Part II looks at the rule of the Buddhist Kushan kings. Page 2.

The Thirty-one Realms of Buddhism
As you study Buddhism you may run into mention of the 31 Realms. Here is a handy-dandy beginner's guide to them.

The Life of Sariputra, Disciple of the Buddha
Sariputra was one of the Buddha's foremost disciples, known for his generous spirit. He appears in several sutras. Here is a brief account of his life.

Introduction to the Kagyu School of Tibetan Buddhism
A brief overview of the history and teachings of the Kagyu school of Tibetan Buddhism, founded in the 12th century and led by His Holiness the 17th Karmapa.

Nagarjuna, 2nd Century Buddhist Philosopher
Nagarjuna was a patriarch of Mahayana Buddhism and the founder of the Madhyamika school. Although little is known about his life, he is well remembered in legend.

The Second Precept of Buddhism - Not Stealing
The Second Precept of Buddhism is

Impermanence and the Path to Liberation in Buddhism
The Buddha taught that all phenomena are impermanent. How is this teaching essential to enlightenment?

Garudas are Divine Bird Creatures of Buddhist Myth
A garuda is a beautiful, wise bird creature of Buddhist myth. Read about the garuda's origins in Hinduism and its significance in Buddhism.

A Nat in Schwedagon Pagoda
Buddhism.

Yaksha: Benevolent Nature Spirits
Buddhism.

Four Heavenly Kings
Buddhism.

Dragons, Demons and More: A Guide to Buddhist Temple Guardians
Buddhist temples often are guarded by statues and paintings of mythological creatures. Here is a guide to the most common Buddhist temple protectors.

Wrathful Benevolent Kings
Buddhism.

The Nats of Burma
Nats are a temple protector unique to Burma (Myanmar), originating in folk belief. Their beautiful images adorn temples and illustrate scriptures.

Garuda on a Temple in Thailand
A flying garuda decorates a Buddhist temple in Thailand. The garuda is also the national symbol of Thailand and Indonesia.

Garuda: Part Bird, Part Human
A garuda is a part man, part bird creature who vanquishes evil-doers and protects Buddhist temples.

Guardian Lions With Magical Powers
Highly stylized lions, or lion-dog-like beasts, are common Buddhist temple guardians especially in China, Korea and Japan.

The Buddha and the Naga Kings
A naga in the form of a multi-headed cobra is depicted protecting a seated Buddha figure. The statue commemorates a legend about nagas and the Buddha.

Nagas: Snake Beings
Nagas are snakelike beings of Asian folklore. Sometimes they look a lot like dragons, and sometimes they resemble giant cobras.

Dragon! A Dragon Water Spout
Buddhism.

Dragon Wall to Stop Ghosts
Buddhism.

Moshan Liaoran, Woman Zen Master of Tang Dynasty China
Moshan Liaoran was a 9th century Chinese Buddhist nun and Ch'an (Zen) master. She is one of the few women named in the records of male Zen teachers.

The Life of Ogyen Trinley Dorje, 17th Gyalwang Karmapa
Ogyen Trinley Dorje (b. 1985), the reincarnated Gyalwang Karmapa, is a soft-spoken and studious young man surrounded by global controversy.

Nagas Are Serpent Beings of Buddhist Scripture and Myth
Nagas are divine serpents who appear frequently in Buddhist sutras and myths. Nagas can be both helpful and dangerous.

The Buddhist Mustard Seed Parable: Accepting Loss
In this famous parable, the Buddha sent a grieving mother on a quest for a mustard seed to help her accept the death of her small son.

Rohatsu is an observation of the Buddha's enlightenment
Rohatsu, December 8, is the day Japanese Zen Buddhists observe the enlightenment of the Buddha. It is also called Bodhi Day --

Sambhogakaya Is One of the Three Bodies of a Buddha
In Mahayana Buddhism, sambhogakaya is the

Walking the Middle Way of Buddhism
The Middle Way is all Buddhist doctrine and practice. Through practice of the Middle Way, avoiding extremes, we remain balanced in all circumstances.

Glossary of Buddhist Terms -- S
These are just the briefest of definitions of Buddhist terms starting with S. Click on the term for more explanation of its meaning.

Soto Zen Is a School of Japanese Zen Buddhism
Japanese Soto Zen Buddhism is associated with the meditation practice of Shikantaza and with its Japanese founder, Eihei Dogen.

What Are the Origins and Practices of Pure Land Buddhism?
Buddhist scholars generally understand a Pure Land as a transcendent state of being. In Asian folklore, Pure Land is thought of as a real place.