Classic Literature Sitemap - Page 2 2016-09-26

James Agee (1909-1955) American writer.
(1909-1955) American writer. James Agee's work includes Let Us Now Praise Famous Men (1941) and Death in the Family (for which he received a Pulitzer).

Shmuel Yosef Agnon (1888-1970) Israeli writer.
(1888-1970) Israeli writer. Originally surnamed Czaczkes, Shmuel Yosef Agnon was born in Galicia. Shmuel Agnon was one of the greatest Hebrew novelist and short-story writers. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1966 with Nelly Sachs.

Angelou, Maya
(1928- ) American writer. Maya Angelou was born Marguerite Johnson in Saint Louis, Missouri. She's known as a novelist, poet, and playwright. One of her most famous works is I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings.

Miguel Angel Asturias (1899-1974) Guatamalan writer.
(1899-1974) Guatamalan writer. Miguel Ángel Asturias Rosales received the Nobel Prize in literature in 1967. His most famous work is El Senor Presidente (1946).

Alfred Austin (1835-1913) British writer.
(1835-1913) British writer. This English poet was a poet, literary critic, novelist, and political journalist. Alfred Austin was appointed England's poet laureate in 1896, succeeding Tennyson.

Fathers
Just think about what fathers have represented in literature. There have been good, long-suffering fathers, fathers who were murdered by their sons, and so many more. Read more about it!

Hero
A hero is usually recognized in a work of literature as someone with great courage and strength (although that's not always the case). The hero may risk or sacrifice his or her life for the greater good. Read about heros in literature.

N - Characters - Last Names for in Literature
Find characters with the last name starting with N, including Nanapush, Frances Nolan, and others. Read more about characters in literature.

Chinua Achebe - African writer
Chinua Achebe is a famous African writer, known for Things Fall Apart, one of the greatest works of world literature. He's known for his short stories, poetry and novels. He was also a prominent professor.

Kbo Abe (1924-1993) Japanese writer
(1924-1993) Japanese writer. Kobo Abe has been compared to German writer Franz Kafka. He's known for Woman in the Dunes and Secret Rendezvous.

Peter Abelard (1079-1142) French writer.
(1079-1142) French writer. Peter Abelard (also spelled Abeillard, Abailard, etc., while the best manuscripts have Abaelardus) was born in Pallet, about ten miles east of Nantes in Brittany. He became a philosopher, theologian, and scholar.

Anna Laetitia Aikin (1743-1825) British writer.
(1743-1825) British writer. Anna Laetitia Aikin, also known by her married name, Barbauld, wrote poetry about the early years of Britain's era of world power.

Mark Akenside (1721-1770) British writer
(1721-1770) British writer. Mark Akenside was a poet and physician, known for The Pleasures of Imagination (1744), Odes on Various Subjects (1745) and the Epistle to Curio (1744).

Alcman (7th century BC) Greek writer.
(7th century BC) Greek writer. Alcman was one of the famous lyric poets of Greece and the first known to write choral lyrics in strophic form.

Louisa May Alcott (1832-1888) American Writer
(1832-1888) American Writer. Born in Germantown, Pennsylvania, Louisa May Alcott is famous for the novel, Little Women. Her father, Amos Bronson Alcott was an important (and controversial) man of the time.

Isabella Alden (1841-1930) American writer.
(1841-1930) American writer. At the peak of Isabella Alden's career, around 1900, her books were selling at the rate of 100 copies a year.

Richard Aldington (1892-1962) British writer.
(1892-1962) British writer. Richard Aldington is known as one of the first Imagist poets. He was also a novelist and literary scholar.

Vittorio Alfieri (1749-1803) Italian writer.
(1749-1803) Italian writer. Vittorio Alfieri was an Italian dramatist and poet, who was one of the leading literary and patriotic figures of modern Italian history.

Dante Alighieri (1265-1321) Italian writer.
(1265-1321) Italian writer. Born in Florence, Dante is famous for The Divine Comedy and other works. He was active in the politics of his time. He lived in exile for the last years of his life.

Hans Christian Andersen (1805-1875) Danish writer.
(1805-1875) Danish writer. Hans Christian Andersen combined folk legends with his own imagination to produced fairy tales that are still appreciated today. He was trained as a singer and actor before achieving success as a playwright and novelist.

Sherwood Anderson (1876-1941) American writer.
(1876-1941) American writer. Anderson's talent was not widely recognized until the publication of his short story collection Winesburg, Ohio (1919), which deals with the struggle of ordinary people to assert their individuality.

Leonid Andreyev (1871-1919) Russian writer.
(1871-1919) Russian writer. Leonid Andreyev was a prolific writer, producing short stories, sketches, and drams. His works include The Red Raugh (1905), and The Seven Who Were Hanged (1909).

Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274) Italian writer.
(1225-1274) Italian writer. Although St. Thomas lived fewer than fifty years, he composed more than sixty works. St. Thomas's works may be classified as philosophical, theological, scriptural, and apologetic, or controversial.

Aristophanes (448?-385 BC) Greek writer.
(448?-385 BC) Greek writer. Aristophanes is considered one fo the greatest writers of comedy.

Aristotle (384-322 B.C.E.) Greek writer.
(384-322 B.C.E.) Greek writer. Aristotle was a philosopher and writer, with more than 150 treatises.

Matthew Arnold (1822-1888) British writer.
(1822-1888) British writer. Matthew Arnold was a poet and critic, who wrote the famous poem Dover Beach.

Antonin Artaud (1896-1948) French writer.
(1896-1948) French writer. Antonin Artaud was a French poet, dramatist, and actor, whose theories and work influenced the development of experimental theater.

Marcus Aurelius Antoninius (121-180 AD) Roman writer.
(121-180 AD) Roman writer. Marcus Aurelius Antoninius was a Roman Emperor and Stoic. He wrote Meditations.

Elizabeth Ashbridge (1713-1755) Irish/American writer.
(1713-1755) Irish/American writer. Elizabeth Ashbridge was an indentured servant who immigrated from Ireland to America in 1732. She later returned to Ireland.

Jozsef Attila (1905-1937) Hungarian writer.
(1905-1937) Hungarian writer. Jozsef Attila is considered to be one of the greatest Hungarian writers of the 20th century. He's known for works including: Szepseg Koldusa (1922), Nem en Kialtok (1925), and Nincsen Apam se Anyam (1929).

Margaret Atwood (1939- ) Canadian writer.
(1939- ) Canadian writer. Notable novels include: The Edible Woman (1972), Surfacing (1972), Lady Oracle (1976) Life Before Man (1979), Bodily Harm (1981), The Handmaid's Tale (1985, received the Governor General's Award), Cat's Eye (1988), The Robber Bride (1993). Her works also include short fiction, poetry, criticism, and children's books.

John Aubrey (1626-1697) British writer.
(1626-1697) British writer. John Aubrey is known for Lives of Eminent Men. He also wrote the Natural History of Wiltshire and Perambulation of Surrey, which was included in the Natural History and Antiquities of Surrey (1719).

W.H. Auden (1907-1973) British writer.
(1907-1973) British writer. W. H. Auden is an important literary figure in the 20th century. He's known for works: Spain (1937), New Year Letter (1941), For the Time Being, a Christmas Oratorio (1945), The Age of Anxiety (1947; Pulitzer Prize), Nones (1951), The Shield of Achilles (1955), etc.

Francis Bacon (1561-1626) British writer.
(1561-1626) British writer. One of the pioneers of modern scientific thought, Bacon's writings fall into three categories: philosophical, purely literary, and professional.

James Baldwin (1924-1987) American writer.
(1924-1987) American writer. James Baldwin is known for Go Tell it on the Mountain and The Fire Next Time.

Honre de Balzac (1799-1850) French writer.
(1799-1850) French writer. Along with many short stories, plays, and essays, Honre de Balzac wrote La comédie humaine (1842-1848); translated as The Human Comedy, 1895-1900), a cycle of about 90 novels describing French society in detail.

James Matthew Barrie (1860-1937) Scottish writer.
(1860-1937) Scottish writer. James Matthew Barrie was a journalist, playwright, and children's book writer.

Charles Pierre Baudelaire (1821-1867) French writer.
(1821-1867) French writer. One of the great poets of French literature and leader of the symbolist school, Charles Baudelaire possessed a classical sense of form and the ability to find the perfect word.

Lyman Frank Baum (1856-1919) American writer.
(1856-1919) American writer. Lyman Frank Baum's best-known work was The Wonderful Wizard of Oz (1900).

Vicki Baum (1888-1960) Austrian writer.
(1888-1960) Austrian writer. Vicki Baum was born in Vienna into a Jewish family. She's known for Menschen im Hotel (People in a Hotel, 1929).

George Becke (1855-1913) Australian writer.
(1855-1913) Australian writer. George Becke's work includes: By Reef and Palm (1894), The Ebbing of the Tide: South Sea Stories (1895), A First Fleet Family (1896), His Native Wife, (1896) and more. In total Becke published 35 books.

Bede, the Venerable (673-735) British writer.
(673-735) British writer. The Venerable Bede has been called the father of our English learning. He was England's first scholar and historian. The work for which Bede is primaryly known is Ecclesiastical History of the English People (731), written in Latin.

Aphra Behn (1640?-1689) British writer
(1640?-1689) British writer. After John Dryden, Aphra Behn was the most prolific dramatist of the Restoration, with works like The Rover.

David Belasco (1859-1931) American writer.
(1859-1931) American writer. David Belasco was a playwright, theatrical producer and manager. Well-known works include: The Girl I Left Behind Me (1893), Heart of Maryland (1895), Zaza (1899), and Madame Butterfly (1900).

Saul Bellow (1915-2005) Canadian/American writer.
(1915-2005) Canadian/American writer. Saul Bellow was born in Quebec, but he moved to the U.S. at the age of 10, where he grew up in Chicago Illinois. Dangling Man (1944) was his first novel, which was followed by The Victim, Adventures of Augie March, Seize The Day, Herzog, and many other novels. He was awarded the National Book Award, the Nobel Prize, and the Pulitzer.

Elizabeth Bishop (1911-1979) American writer.
(1911-1979) American writer. Elizabeth Bishop was born in Worcester, Massachusetts. Her poems were published in North and South (1946), A Cold Spring, and Questions of Travel. Read more about the life and works of Elizabeth Bishop.

Robert Blair (1699-1746) Scottish writer.
(1699-1746) Scottish writer. Robert Blair was a Scottish poet and minister, who is perhaps best known for The Grave. He was part of a group called the Graveyard School. Read more about the life and works of Robert Blair.

Jorge Luis Borges (1899-1986) Argentine writer.
(1899-1986) Argentine writer. Jorge Luis Borges is an important 20th-century writer, famous for his essays, translations, short stories, and other works.

Pearl S. Buck (1892-1973) American writer.
(1892-1973) American writer. (Pseudonym John Sedges) Pearl S. Buck is perhaps best known for The Good Earth, for which she received the Pulitzer Prize and other awards. She also received the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1938.

Ambrose Bierce (1842-1914) American writer.
(1842-1914) American writer. Ambrose Bierce is known for his anthologized ghost stories, most prominently An Occurence at Owl Creek Bridge, but he was also a newspaper columnist, a satirist, an essayist, a poet, and a novelist.

Algernon Henry Blackwood (1869-1951) British writer.
(1869-1951) British writer. Algernon Henry Blackwood wrote many short stories, along with articles, reviews, children's books, and fantasy books.

William Blake (1757-1827) British Writer.
(1757-1827) British writer. William Blake achieved little fame in his own lifetime, but in the 20th century came to be recognized as a poetic genius.

Maurice Blanchot (1907- ) French writer.
(1907- ) French writer. Maurice Blanchot is a novelist and critic, known for works like: Death Sentence, The Gaze of Orpheus, Madness of the Day, The Step Not Beyond, and others.

Giovanni Boccaccio (1313-1375) Italian writer.
(1313-1375) Italian writer. Giovanni Boccaccio is most famous for The Decameron (1353), which was first translated into English in 1620.

James Boswell (1740-1795) Scottish writer.
(1740-1795) Scottish writer. James Boswell was a close friend of Samuel Johnson, known for An Account of Corsica (1768), Journal of a Tour to the Hebrides (1785) and Life of Samuel Johnson (1791).

William Bradford (1590-1657) American writer.
(1590-1657) American writer. William Bradford was elected governor of Plymouth in the Massachusetts Bay Colony. He wrote Of Plymouth Plantation in 1651.

Anne Bradstreet (1612-1672) American writer.
(1612-1672) American writer. Anne Bradstreet landed in America with John Winthrop at Massachusetts, and she contributed some of America's greatest early works of literature.

Sebastian Brant (c1457-1521) German writer.
(c1457-1521) German writer. Sebastian Brant was a German humanist and poet. Brant is perhaps most famous for Narrenschiff (The Ship of Fools). The poem was translated into Latin and French in 1497, and finally into English in 1570.

André Breton (1896-1966) French writer.
(1896-1966) French writer. André Breton was a French poet and critic. He was also a leader of the surrealistic movement. His works include: Lettres de guerre (1919), Manieste du Surréalisme, (1924), and La Révolution surréaliste (1924-30).

Anne Brontë - (Anne Bronte) (1820-1849) British writer.
(1820-1849) British writer. Anne Brontë was one of the famous Bronte sisters. She is best known for her novel, Agnes Grey.

Charlotte Brontë (Charlotte Bronte) (1816-1855) British writer.
(1816-1855) British writer. Charlotte Bronte was one of the famous Bronte sisters, and she wrote Jane Eyre.

Emily Brontë (Emily Bronte) (1818-1848) British writer.
(1818-1848) British writer. Emily Bronte was one of the famous Bronte sisters. She is perhaps best known for her novel Wuthering Heights.

Rupert Brooke (1887-1915) British writer.
(1887-1915) British writer. Rupert Brookes was charming, athletic and handsome. He wrote Poems (1911), and 1914 and Other Poems (1915).

Elizabeth Barrett Browning (1806-1861) British writer.
(1806-1861) British writer. Elizabeth Barrett Browning is one of the earliest female writers on the social responsibilities of the woman writer. Her verse novel, Aurora Leigh (1857), has been resurrected as a central document of Victorian feminism.

Robert Browning (1812-1889) British writer.
(1812-1889) British writer. Robert Browning is one of the famous poets of the 19th century (Victorian period). He's particularly well-known for his early monologue, My Last Duchess.

Edmund Burke (1729-1797) Irish writer.
(1729-1797) Irish writer. One of the best-known aesthetic treatises of the century is A Philosophical Enquiry into the Origin of our Ideas of the Sublime and the Beautiful (1757) by Edmund Burke.

Robert Burns (1759-1796) Scottish writer.
(1759-1796) Scottish writer. Robert Burns is considered one of (if not the) greatest Scottish writer. His first volume of poetry was published in 1786.

Samuel Butler (1835-1902) British writer.
(1835-1902) British writer. Samuel Butler wrote The Way of All Flesh (1874), Life and Habit (1878), Evolution, Old and New (1879), and more.

Lord Byron (George Gordon Noel Byron) (1788-1824) British writer.
(1788-1824) British writer. George Gordon Noel Byron, 6th Baron Byron was one of the English Romantics. The works of Lord Byron include: Don Juan, Manfred, Marino Faliero, Sardanapalus, The Two Foscari, and Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage.

Caedmon (c680)
(c680) Caedmon has been called the earliest English poet. According to Bede, Caedmon received his poetic powers in a vision.

Albert Camus (1913-1960) French writer.
(1913-1960) French writer. Albert Camus was a Nobel laureate, existentialist, and author of The Plague and The Stranger.

Truman Capote (1924-1984) American writer.
(1924-1984) American writer. Truman Capote is perhaps most famous for his nonfiction novel, In Cold Blood (1966). Truman Capote was a reknowned novelist, short story writer, and playwright.

Lewis Carroll (1832-1898) British writer. Pseudonym for Charles Lutwidge Dodgson.
(1832-1898) British writer. Pseudonym for Charles Lutwidge Dodgson. Lewis Carroll's work represents some of the most lasting mid-Victorian fantasies.

Willa Cather (1873-1947) American writer.
(1873-1947) American writer. Willa Cather won the Pulitzer Prize in 1923 for One of Ours, and is famous for My Antonia.

William Caxton (c.1422-c.1491) British/English printer.
(c.1422-c.1491) British/English printer. William Caxton published works including:

Paul Celan (1920-1970) Romanian writer. (Paul Antschel)
(1920-1970) Romanian writer. Pseudonym for Paul Antschel. Paul Celan survived the Holocaust. Celan's works include: Mohn und Gedaechtnis (Poppy and Memory, 1947), Fugue of Death, and other works.

Raymond Chandler (1888-1959) American writer.
(1888-1959) American writer. Raymond Chandler is famous for The Big Sleep (1939), which was his first novel. He's also known for Farewell, My Lovely (1940) and The Long Goodbye (1954). Read more about Raymond Chandler.

Geoffrey Chaucer (c. 1340-1400) British writer.
(c. 1340-1400) British writer. Geoffrey Chaucer is considered the greatest poet of the Middle English period. He's well-known for The Canterbury Tales.

Kate Chopin (1851-1904) American writer.
(1851-1904) American writer. Kate Chopin wrote The Awakening, along with several collections of short stories. Chopin's works were forgotten after the controversy surrounding her novel.

Willis Gaylord Clark (1834–1841) American writer.
(1834–1841) American writer. Willis Gaylord Clark wrote poetry and prose, including Song of May, Memory, and A Lament. With his twin brother Lewis, he edited Knickerbocker Magazine.

Samuel Taylor Coleridge (1772-1834) British writer.
(1772-1834) British writer. Meet one of the greatest poets of all time. Samuel Taylor Coleridge wrote some of the most influential poems such as Christabel, Kubla Khan, and The Rime of the Ancient Mariner.

William Congreve (1670-1729) British writer.
(1670-1729) British writer. William Congreve was a man of comedy, known for his finely crafted dialogue and satiric comment on the behavior of the upper classes. William Congreve influenced generations of later writers.

James Fenimore Cooper (1789-1851) American writer.
(1789-1851) American writer. James Fenimore Cooper was a novelist, travel writer, and social critic. Cooper is regarded as the first great American writer of fiction, famed for action-packed plots and vivid portrayal of American life.

William Cowper (1731-1800) British writer.
(1731-1800) British writer. William Cowper was an English poet and hymnodist. He's known for his hymn, Amazing Grace. Other works include: Olney Hymns, John Gilpin, and The Task.

Hart Crane (1899-1932) American writer.
(1899-1932) American writer. Born Harold Hart Crane. Hart Crane was an American poet, who never finished high school. He lived in New York City for a time, and wrote poetry. Hart Crane committed suicide by jumping off the deck of a ship.

Stephen Crane (1871-1900) American writer.
(1871-1900) American writer. Stephen Crane is known for his novel about war, The Red Badge of Courage, even though he never experienced the Civil War.

Countee Cullen (1903-1946) American writer.
(1903-1946) American writer. Countee Cullen was a poet, novelist, playwright, and translator. Cullen's works included: Color (1925), Copper Sun (1927), and The Ballad of the Brown Girl (1927).

Joseph Conrad - Josef Teodor Konrad Korzeniowski (1857-1924) Polish writer.
(1857-1924) Polish writer. Josef Teodor Konrad Korzeniowski (Joseph Conrad) is known for Heart of Darkness, Lord Jim, and other novels and short stories.

Emily Dickinson (1830-1886) American writer.
(1830-1886) American writer. Although Emily Dickinson published very few poems during her lifetime, Dickinson's poetry is often considered revolutionary.

John Donne (c. 1572-1631) British Writer
(c1572-1631) For the last decade of his life, John Donne concentrated on writing more sermons than poetry. He's known for poems like: The Bait and A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning.

John Dos Passos (1896-1970) American writer.
(1896-1970) American writer. John Dos Passos was one of the greatest writers of his time. His works include: One Man's Initiation (1917), Three Soldiers (1922), and Manhattan Transfer (1925).

Fyodor Dostoevsky (1821-1881) Russian writer. Dostoyevsky or Dostoevskii.
(1821-1881) Russian writer. His surname is also written: Dostoyevsky or Dostoevskii. Fyodor Dostoevsky was a Russian novelist, journalist, and short-story writer.

Frederick Douglass (1817-1895) American writer.
(1817-1895) American writer. An escaped slave, Frederick Douglass was the most prominent African-American orator, journalist, and antislavery leader of the 19th century.

Michael Drayton (1563-1631) British writer.
(1563-1631) British writer. Michael Drayton was an English poet, from the Elizabethan period. His works include: The Harmony of the Church, Idea: The Shepherd's Garland, The Legend of Piers Gaveston, and Mortimeriados.

Theodore Dreiser (1871-1945) American writer.
(1871-1945) American writer. Theodore Dreiser wrote Sister Carrie (1900), Jennie Gerhardt (1911), The Financier (1912), The Titan (1914), An American Tragedy (1925), and The Stoic (1947).

Roger Martin du Gard (1881-1958) French writer.
(1881-1958) French writer. Roger Martin du Gard received the 1937 Nobel Prize for Literature for the artistic power and truth with which he has depicted human conflict as well as some fundamental aspects of contemporary life in his novel-cycle Les Thibault.

Alexandre Dumas (1802-1870) French writer.
(1802-1870) French writer. Alexandre Duman wrote The Three Musketeers and The Count of Monte Cristo. He also wrote plays: Henry III Et Sa Cour (1829) and La Tour de Nesle (1832).

Jonathan Edwards (1703-1758) American writer
(1703-1758) American writer. Jonathan Edwards wrote The Freedom of the Will, among other works. He was the third President of Princeton.

George Eliot (1819-1880) British English writer.
(1819-1880) British writer. Pseudonym for Mary Ann Evans. The scope of George Eliot's writing is considerable from Scenes of Clerical Life to Daniel Deronda.

Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882) American writer.
(1803-1882) American writer. Ralph Waldo Emerson was an essayist and poet, famous as the leader of the transcendentalist movement. He presented his beliefs quite eloquently in his lectures, but also in his book, Nature (1836) among other works.

Olaudah Equiano (Gustavus Vassa) (c.1745-c.1797) African/American writer.
(c.1745-c.1797) African/American writer. Olaudah Equiano (Gustavus Vassa) is famous for The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano, Or Gustavus Vassa, The African. Written by Himself.

Rudolf Christoph Eucken (1846-1926) German writer.
(1846-1926) German writer. Received the 1908 Nobel Prize in Literature in recognition of his earnest search for truth, his penetrating power of thought, his wide range of vision, and the warmth and strength in presentation with which in his numerous works he has vindicated and developed an idealistic philosophy of life.

William Faulkner (1897-1962) American writer.
(1897-1962) American writer. William Faulkner was a renowned Mississippi writer, a Nobel Prize-winning novelist and a short story writer, though he never graduated from high school.

Henry Fielding (1707-1754) British writer.
(1707-1754) British writer. Henry Fielding was a highly successful satiric dramatist turned novelist with novels like Tom Jones, his most well-known novel.

Zelda Fitzgerald (1900-1948) American writer.
(1900-1948) American writer. Zelda Fitzgerald is perhaps best known as the author of Save Me the Waltz, an autobiography. She was also the inspiration for some of the flapper heroines in the works of F. Scott Fitzgerald, her husband.

Gustave Flaubert (1821-1880) French writer
(1821-1880) French writer. Acclaimed as the high priest of realism, Gustave Flaubert is perhaps most famous for Madame Bovary.

Ian Fleming (1908-1964) British writer.
(1908-1964) British writer. Ian Fleming was a British journalist, secret-service agent, and writer, who created James Bond.

Elizabeth I (1533-1603) British writer.
(1533-1603) British/English writer. Queen Elizabeth I became queen in November 1558, after the death of her half-sister. Her reign lasted from 1558 to 1603, during the Elizabethan period, a time of cultural achievement, which was the time in which William Shakespeare was creating his sonnets and plays.

E.M. Forster (1878-1970) British writer.
(1878-1970) British writer. Edward Morgan Forster was an British novelist and essayist. His first novel, Where Angels Fear to Tread (1905), appeared when Forster was 26 years old.

Anatole France (1844-1924) French writer.
(1844-1924) French writer. Pseudonym for Jacques Anatole Francois Thibault. Anatole France is often thought of as the greatest French writer of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Anatole France was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1921.

Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790) American writer. Ben Franklin
(1706-1790) American writer. Benjamin Franklin was a Boston-born inventor, statesman, patriot, and publisher. He's well-known for his Autobiography, and for his role in the American Revolution (1775-1783).

John Gay (1685-1732) British writer.
(1685-1732) British writer. John Gay was a dramatist and poet during the neoclassical period. Gay's poetry includes: The Shepherd's Week (1714) and Trivia, or the Art of Walking the Streets of London (1716). His plays include The Beggar's Opera (1728).

Lewis Grassic Gibbon (1901-1935) Scottish writer.
(1901-1935) Scottish writer. Born James Leslie Mitchell, Lewis Grassic Gibbon is famous for Sunset Song, the first novel of a trilogy.

Andre Gide (1869-1951) French writer.
(1869-1951) French writer. André Gide received the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1947.

Charlotte Perkins Gilman (1860-1935) American writer.
(1860-1935) American writer. Charlotte Perkins Gilman was an American feminist and writer, best known for her book Women and Economics (1898), which has become a feminist classic.

Karl Adolph Gjellerup (1857-1919) Danish writer.
(1857-1919) Danish writer. Karl Adolph Gjellerup received the 1917 Nobel Prize for Literature for his varied and rich poetry, which is inspired by lofty ideals.

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749-1832) German writer.
(1749-1832) German writer. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe was a German poet, novelist, playwright, and natural philosopher. He is one of the greatest writers in Western literature, well-known for Faust.

William Golding (1911-1993) British writer.
(1911-1993) British writer. William Golding is perhaps best known for The Lord of the Flies, a novel about a group of boys who are stranded on an island and establish a society. Golding received the Nobel Prize for Literature, and he also received the Booker Prize for Rites of Passage, the first book in his sea trilogy (To the Ends of the Earth).

Alfred Perceval Graves (1846–1931) Irish writer.
(1846–1931) Irish writer. Alfred Perceval Graves was an Irish poet and scholar. His works include ballads like Father O'Flynn, along with other ballads that appeared in Songs of Old Ireland, Irish Songs and Ballads.

Stephen Greenblatt (1943- ) American writer.
(1943- ) American writer. Stephen Jay Greenblatt is known as an eminent literary scholar and critic, with works that include: Marvelous Possessions: The Wonder of the New World, and New World Encounters.

Wilhelm Grimm (1786-1859) German writer.
(1786-1859) German writer. Wilhelm Grimm and his brother Jacob are perhaps most well known as the men who collected and published Children's and Household Tales (later known as Grimm's Fairy Tales) between 1812 and 1822.

Dashiell Hammett (1894-1961) American writer.
(1894-1961) American writer. Dashiell Hammett is perhaps best known for The Maltese Falcon, with the character Sam Spade. Hammett worked as a detective in the early 20's.

Knut Pedersen Hamsun (1859-1952) Norwegian writer.
(1859-1952) Norwegian writer. Knut Pedersen Hamsun received the 1920 Nobel Prize for Literature for his monumental work, Growth of the Soil.

Thomas Hardy (1840-1928) British writer.
(1840-1928) British writer. Thomas Hardy is known for novels which include: The Return of the Native (1878), The Mayor of Casterbridge (1886), Tess of the D’Urbervilles (1891), Jude the Obscure (1895), and other works.

Seamus Heaney (1939- ) Irish writer.
(1939- ) Irish writer. Seamus Heaney received the Nobel Prize in Literature for works of lyrical beauty and ethical depth, which exalt everyday miracles and the living past.

Joseph Heller (1923-1999) American writer
(1923-1999) American writer. Joseph Heller is perhaps best known for Catch-22 (1961).

Frank Herbert (1920-1986) American writer.
(1920-1986) American writer. Frank Herbert, Jr., was a famous writer, known for science fiction novels like Dune.

A.E. Housman (1859-1936) British writer.
(1859-1936) British writer. A.E. Housman was born in Fockbury, England in 1859. Housman was an poet and scholar. Housman published his first collection of poetry, A Shropshire Lad, at his own expense in 1896.

Hrotsvitha (c930-1002) German writer.
(c930-1002) German writer. Hrotsvitha was a nun and poet, who was probably of aristocratic birth. Hrotsvitha has been called the first German poet.

Gerhart Johann Robert Hauptmann (1862-1946) German writer.
(1862-1946) German writer. Gerhart Johann Robert Hauptmann eceived the 1912 Nobel Prize in Literature primarily in recognition of his fruitful, varied and outstanding production in the realm of dramatic art.

Heloise (1101-1164) French writer - Classic Literature
(1101-1164) French writer. Lover and eventually wife of Peter Abelard, Heloise is known for the letters she wrote to Abelard when she was a nun.

Ernest Hemingway (1899-1961) American writer.
(1899-1961) American writer. Ernest Hemingway is famous for The Old Man and the Sea, the novel for which he received a Nobel Prize in Literature, but he also created other works, including: In Our Time (1925), The Sun Also Rises (1926), A Farewell to Arms (1929), For Whom the Bell Tolls, along with other novels, short stories, articles, and more.

Hermann Hesse (1877-1962) German writer.
(1877-1962) German writer. Hermann Hesse was a German poet and novelist. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1946. He's famous for Steppenwolf (1927).

Oliver Wendell Holmes (1809-1894) American writer
(1809-1894) American writer. Oliver Wendell Holmes is known for his novels, biographies, poems, and essays.

Willliam Dean Howells (1837-1920) American writer
(1837-1920) American writer. William Dean Howells is known for his literary criticism as well as his novels, which include: A Modern Instance, The Rise of Silas Lapham, Indian Summer, and A Hazard of New Fortunes.

Aldous Huxley (1894-1963) British writer.
(1894-1963) British writer. Aldous Huxley was an English essayist and novelist, perhaps best known for his Utopian novel, Brave New World.

Washington Irving (1783-1859) American writer.
(1783-1859) American writer. Washington Irving was America's first internationally recognized author. He wrote The Legend of Sleepy Hollow, and many other works.

Helen Hunt Jackson (1830-1885) American writer.
(1830-1885) American writer. Ralph Waldo Emerson called Helen Hunt Jackson the greatest woman poet. Jackson is perhaps best known for best known for Ramona and A Century of Dishonor.

Alfred Jarry (1873-1907) French writer.
(1873-1907) French writer. Alfred Jarry was a French playwright and poet, known for his savagely funny dramas, as well as his dissolute and eccentric way of life. Ubi roi was his first play, published in 1896. He also wrote a surrealistic novel: The Supermale (1902).

Sarah Orne Jewett (1849-1909) American writer.
(1849-1909) American writer. Sarah Orne Jewett wrote works that are humorous, sensitive studies of New England life. A Country Doctor (1884) is one of her more well-known works. Her masterpiece is Country of the Pointed Firs.

John Keats (1795-1821) British writer
(1795-1821) British writer. John Keats is one of the great poets of the Romantic period. His poetry describes the beauty of the natural world and art as the vehicle for his poetic imagination.

James Joyce (1882-1941) Irish writer
(1882-1941) Irish writer. James Joyce is one of the greatest literary masters of the 20th century. He's known for his short story series, Dubliners, for A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man, Ulysses, and Finnegans Wake.

Franz Kafka (1833-1924) Czech writer.
(1833-1924) Czech writer. Franz Kafka is considered one of the most significant figures in modern world literature; the term Kafkaesque has come to be applied commonly to grotesque, anxiety-producing social conditions or their treatment in literature. He's known for the Metamorphosis, along with other short stories and novels.

Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) German writer.
(1724-1804) German writer. Immanuel Kant was a German philosopher ad writer, who wrote The Critique of Pure Reason.

Helen Keller (1880-1968) American writer.
(1880-1968) American writer. Helen Keller was a famous writer, who wrote The Story of My Life and other works.

Jack Kerouac (1922-1969) - Jean-Luis Lebris de Kerouac
(1922-1969) American writer. Pseudonym for Jean-Luis Lebris de Kerouac. Jack Kerouac was a poet and novelist, who became the voice of the Beat Generation with On the Road (1957) and other works.

Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. (1929-1969) American writer.
(1929-1969) American writer. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., is a prominent writer and speaker in the Civil Rights movement. He was the youngest person to receive the Nobel Peace Prize.

Victor Hugo (1802-1885) French writer.
(1802-1885) French writer. Considered one of the greatest French writers of the 19th century, Victor Hugo is well-known as the author of Les Miserables.

Margery Kempe (c1373-1438) British writer.
(c1373-1438) British writer. Margery Kempe wrote

Imre Kertész (1929- ) Hungarian writer.
(1929- ) Hungarian writer. Imre Kertész was born in Budapest, Hungary. Of Jewish descent, he was deported to Auschwitz in 1944. He worked at Birkenau until he was liberated in 1945. His first book was Sorstalanság.

Anne Killigrew (1660-1685) British writer.
(1660-1685) British writer. Anne Killigrew was born just before Charles II's restoration in 1660. Although she was born into a well-known Restoration family, little is known about her life.

Rudyard Kipling (1865-1936) British writer.
(1865-1936) British writer. Rudyard Kipling wrote novels, poems and short stories--mostly set in India and Burma (now known as Myanmar). He was the 1907 Nobel Prize Laureate in Literature in consideration of the power of observation, originality of imagination, virility of ideas and remarkable talent for narration which characterize the creations of this world-famous author.

Thomas Kyd (1558-1594) British writer
(1558-1594) British writer. Thomas Kyd is most well-known for The Spanish Tragedy (1589). He also wrote Cornelia (1594).

Madame de Lafayette (1634-1693) French writer.
(1634-1693) French writer. Madame de Lafayette once wrote, One is so weak when he falls in love. Her works include: La Princesse de Clèves and Comtesse de Tende.

Selma Ottilia Lovisa Lagerlöf (1858-1940) Swedish writer.
(1858-1940) Swedish writer. Selma Ottilia Lovisa Lagerlöf turned away from the literary realism and wrote in a romantic and imaginative manner, vividly evoking the peasant life and landscape of Northern Sweden. She received the 1909 Nobel Prize in Literature.

Charles Lamb (1775-1834) British writer.
(1775-1834) British writer. Charles Lamb was an important literary figure. Along with other writers (De Quincey, Leigh Hunt and Hazlit), he revolutionized the essay form.

Louis L'Amour (1908-1988) American writer.
(1908-1988) American writer. Louis L'Amour was originally named Louis Dearborn LaMoore, and he used the pseudonyms Tex Burns and Jim Mayo. He's famous as a writer of Western fiction.

D.H. Lawrence (1885-1930) British writer
(1885-1930) British writer. The plays of D.H. Lawrence are much less well-known than his novels, short stories, and poems. In much of his work, he attacks social problems:

Emma Lazarus (1849-1887) American writer.
(1849-1887) American writer. Emma Lazarus was an American poet, who is famous for The New Colossus, which appears as an engraving at the Statue of Liberty.

Harper Lee (1926- ) American writer.
(1926- ) American writer. Harper Lee is perhaps best known for To Kill a Mockingbird (1960). Read more about her life and works.

Madeleine L'Engle (1918-2007) American writer.
(1918-2007) American writer. Madeleine L'Engle was an American writer, famous for works like A Wrinkle in Time, A Wind in the Door, A Swiftly Tilting Planet, and Many Waters.

Doris Lessing (1919- ) British writer.
(1919- ) British writer. Doris Lessing was born Doris May Tayler in Kermanshah, Persia (now Iran). She was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature for

Sinclair Lewis (1885-1951) American writer.
(1885-1951) American writer. Sinclair Lewis was the first American writer to receive the Nobel Prize for Literature. He also received the Pulitzer Prize for Arrowsmith. He's famous for his satirical depictions of American life.

Jack London (John Griffith) - (1876-1916) American writer.
(1876-1916) American writer. Jack London (John Griffith) is known for Call of the Wild and White Fang. His best novel, The Sea-Wolf, was based on his experiences at sea.

Henry Wadesworth Longfellow (1807-1882) American writer.
(1807-1882) American writer. Henry Wadesworth Longfellow wrote about Hiawatha, Evangeline, and the village blacksmith. Read more about the life and works of Henry Wadesworth Longfellow.

Federico García Lorca (1898-1936) Spanish writer.
(1898-1936) Spanish writer. Federico García Lorca was a famous Spanish poet and dramatist. A member of the Generation of 1927, Lorca is known for works like Blood Wedding (1933). He was shot during the Spanish Civil War.

Richard Lovelace (1618-1657) British writer.
(1618-1657) British writer. Richard Lovelace was one of the Cavalier poets. He's famous for

Amy Lowell (1874-1925) American writer.
(1874-1925) American writer. Amy Lowell is known as a cigar-smoking Modernist poet. Lowell wrote 10 books of poetry, a collection of Chinese translations, 3 books of literary essays, and a 2-volume biography of Keats.

Katherine Mansfield (1888-1923) New Zealand writer.
(1888-1923) New Zealand writer. Pseudonym of Kathleen Murry. She was born Kathleen Mansfield Beauchamp. Katherine Mansfield was a famous modernist writer, known for her short stories, which have been widely anthologized.

Gabriel Garcia Marquez - Columbian writer.
(1928-?) Columbian writer. Gabriel Garcia Marquez was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature. He's famous for One Hundred Years of Solitude. His works make use of magical realism. He was influenced by Franz Kafka, William Faulkner, and Juan Rulfo.

C.S. Lewis (1898-1963) Irish writer.
(1898-1963) Irish writer. C.S. Lewis was a novelist and critic; he also held the chair of Medieval and Renaissance studies at Cambridge University. He's well-known for his Narnia chronicles.

Niccolo Machiavelli (1469-1527). Italian writer.
(1469-1527). Italian writer. Niccolo Machiavelli was a famous Renaissance writer and philosopher, known for The Prince and other discourses.

Archibald MacLeish (1892-1982) American writer.
(1892-1982) American writer. Archibald MacLeish was a prolific Pulitzer prize-winning poet, professor, and political activist. His first volume of poetry, Tower of Ivory, appeared late in 1917.

Naguib Mahfouz (1911-2006) Egyptian writer.
(1911-2006) Egyptian writer. Naguib Mahfouz received the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1988.

Norman Mailer (1923-2007 ) American writer.
(1923-2007) American writer. Born in Long Branch, New Jersey, Norman Mailer is known for The Naked and the Dead (1948), Advertisements for Myself, Armies of the Night (for which he received the Pulitzer Prize and National Book Award), etc.

Bernard Malamud (1916-1986) American writer.
(1916-1986) American writer. Bernard Malamud was a Jewish-American writer, born in Brooklyn, New York. He's perhaps best knwon for his short stories, but his novel, The Fixer, was also awarded the National Book Award and the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction.

Sir Thomas Malory (1405-1471) British writer.
(1405-1471) British writer. Sir Thomas Malory's prose version of the story of King Arthur unites, under one title, 8 romances which had been the mainstay of English writing. His famous work is calle

Christopher Marlowe (1564-1593) British writer.
(1564-1593) British writer. Christopher Marlowe was born the same year as Shakespeare's birth. His works include: Tamburlaine, Parts I and II, The Jew of Malta, Edward the Second, and Doctor Faustus. He was killed in a tavern brawl. Much controversy surrounds his death.

Andrew Marvell (1621-1678) British writer.
(1621-1678) British writer. Andrew Marvell was a poet during the Renaissance period. Marvell was an assistant to John Milton and a member of Parliament. His most profound poem is Upon Appleton House. Other poems include: To His Coy Mistress, and The Definition of Love.

Guy de Maupassant (1850-1893) French writer.
(1850-1893) French writer. Both in person and in his work, Guy de Maupassant presents a paradox. He found no joy in his literary efforts, and his fame rests primarily in his short stories, of which he composed more than 200.

Carson McCullers (1917-1967) American writer.
(1917-1967) American writer. (Pseudonym for Lula Carson Smith). Carson McCullers is famous for The Heart is a Lonely Hunter, along with other novels, plays, short stories, nonfiction pieces, and poetry.

Herman Melville (1819-1891) American writer.
(1819-1891) American writer. A novelist and short story writer, Herman Melville is a major literary figure. He explored psychological and metaphysical themes in such works as Moby Dick, Bartleby the Scrivner, and more.

George Meredith (1828-1909) British writer.
(1828-1909) British writer. The first major novel of George Meredith (The Ordeal of Richard Feverel, 1859) was banned as immoral. Modern Love is considered his best poetic work.

Michitsuna no haha (c.935-995) Japanese writer.
(c.935-995) Japanese writer. Michitsuna no haha is Japanese for

Edna St. Vincent Millay (1892-1950) American writer.
(1892-1950) American writer. Edna St. Vincent Millay's major efforts were devoted to lyric poetry in A Few Figs from Thistles (1920), Second April (1921), and The Ballad of the Harp Weaver (1922). Millay received the Pulitzer Prize for poetry in 1923.

Arthur Miller (1915-?) American writer.
(1915-?) American writer. Arthur Miller is famous for his

John Stuart Mill (1806-1873) British writer.
(1806-1873) British writer. John Stuart Mill was a 19th-century philosopher and writer. Mill was also a defender of utilitarianism.

Alan Alexander Milne (1882-1956) British writer.
(1882-1956) British writer. A.A. Milne is the creator of Winnie the Pooh. Besides his stories about Winnie the Pooh, and his poetry, he also wrote an autobiography, It's Too Late Now (1939), and a play, Toad in Toad Hall.

Frédéric Mistral (1830–1914) French writer.
(1830–1914) French writer. Besides many short poems, Frédéric Mistral wrote four verse romances. Mistral also published a Provençal dictionary and wrote memoirs. He received the 1904 Nobel Prize in Literature.

Thomas More (1779-1852) Irish writer.
(1779-1852) Irish writer. Thomas More was a poet, famous for Irish Melodies and other works. He was friends with Lord Byron and Percy Bysshe Shelley. Read more about the life and works of Thomas More.

Margaret Mitchell (1900-1949) American writer.
(1900-1949) American writer. Margaret Mitchell is the popular author of Gone With the Wind (1936), the tale of Scarlett O'Hara and her tragedies and triumphs through the Civil War and Reconstruction. Mitchell was awarded the Pulitzer Prize and the National Book Award for her novel.

Moliere - Jean-Baptiste Poquelin - (1622-1673) French writer.
(1622-1673) French writer. Pseudonym for Jean-Baptiste Poquelin. Molière was a French actor and playwright, considered one of the greatest writers of French comedy. His best-known works include L'ecole des Femmes (1622), Tartuffe (1664), Le Misanthrope(1666), and Le Bourgeois Gentilhomme (1670).

Lucy Maude Montgomery (1874-1942) Canadian writer
(1874-1942) Canadian writer. Lucy Maude Montgomery is famous for her Anne of Green Gables (1908), with its six sequels.

Clement Clarke Moore (1779-1863) American writer.
(1779-1863) American writer. Clement Clarke Moore is known as the writer of

John Muir (1838-1914) American writer.
(1838-1914) American writer. John Muir was a famous naturalist, explorer and writer, famous for his work to preserve wilderness areas. Born in Scotland, he immigrated to the US when he was 11.

Vladimir Nabokov (1899-1977) Russian writer.
(1899-1977) Russian writer. Vladimir Nabokov was born in St. Petersburg, Russia. One of his most famous and controversial works is Lolita (1955).

Gerard de Nerval (1808-1855) French writer.
(1808-1855) French writer. Gerard Labruine believed that he was descended from the Roman emperor Nerva, which is why he chose the pseudonym: Gerard de Nerval.

Flannery O'Connor (1925-1964) American writer.
(1925-1964) American writer. Flannery O'Connor's novels and short stories focus on humanity's spiritual deformity and flight from redemption earning her a unique place in 20th-century American fiction.

O. Henry (1862-1910) American writer - Classic Literature
(1862-1910) American writer. Pseudonym of William Sydney Porter. O. Henry is known for his many short stories.

John O'Keefe (1747-1833) Irish writer.
(1747-1833) Irish writer. John O'Keefe is known for comedies:

Baroness Emmuska Orczy (1865-1947) Hungarian-British writer.
(1865-1947) Hungarian-British writer. Baroness Emmuska Orczy is perhaps most famous for her creation of the mysterious crusader for justice in The Scarlet Pimpernel (1905). She wrote other novels, but none of them were as successful. She was also an artist.

George Orwell (1903-1950) British writer.
(1903-1950) British writer. Pseudonym for Eric Blair. George Orwell was born in India and achieved recognition in the 1930's and 40's for his essays, documentaries, criticism, and novels.

Ovid (Ovidius) - Publius Ovidius Naso (43 BC-AD 17?) Roman writer.
(43 BC-AD 17?) Roman writer. Ovid (Ovidius)is particularly well-known for Metamorphoses and Ars Amatoria.

Wilfred Owen (1893–1918) British writer.
(1893–1918) British writer. Wilfred Owen is known for war poems, which includ: Anthem for Doomed Youth, Disabled, Dulce et Decorum Est, and Strange Meeting. Owen was diagnosed with shell shock, and sent to Craiglockhart War Hospital. In 1918, Owen was sent back to the Western Front, where he was killed in action.

Alan Paton (1903-1988) South African writer.
(1903-1988) South African writer. Alan Paton is most famous for Cry the Beloved Country.

Samuel Pepsy (1633-1703) British writer.
(1633-1703) British writer. Samuel Pepys is well known for the extensive diary he wrote between 1660 and 1669. His personal collection of books and manuscripts is now located at the Pepys Library, at Magdalene College.

Harold Pinter (1930- ) British writer.
(1930- ) British writer. Harold Pinter is one of the most famous modern British playwrights, known for The Room, The Birthday Party, The Dumb Waiter, The Caretaker, and The Homecoming. Pinter received the 2005 Nobel Prize in Literature for his plays, which uncover the precipice under everyday prattle and force entry into oppression's closed rooms.

Sylvia Plath (1932-1963) American writer.
(1932-1963) American writer. Sylvia Plath is known for her intense poetry. Before she committed suicide at the age of 31, she wrote an autobiographical novel, The Bell Jar.

Beatrix Potter (1866-1943) British writer.
(1866-1943) British writer. Beatrix Potter (Helen Beatrix Potter) is a famous writer and illustrator. One of her most popular characters is Peter Rabbit.

Ezra Pound (1885-1972) American writer.
(1885-1972) American writer. Ezra Pound was a famous poet, literary critic, and musician, who was an important figure in the modernist movement of the early 20th century.

Alexander Pushkin (1799-1837) Russian writer.
(1799-1837) Russian writer. Alexander Pushkin was a Russian novelist, poet, and playwright.

Thomas Paine (1737-1809) American writer.
(1737-1809) American writer. Thomas Paine was born in Thetford, England, the son of a Quaker. Paine emigrated to America in 1774, and he became an important figure in the American Revolution with his pamphlets like

Orhan Pamuk (1952-?) Turkish writer.
(1952-?) Turkish writer. Orhan Pamuk is famous for Cevdet Bey ve Ogullari, Sessiz Ev, Beyaz Kale, Kara Kitap, and Yeni Hayat.

Dorthy Parker (1893-1967) American writer
(1893-1967) American writer. Dorthy Parker was a critic, poet and short story wirter. Parker began her career as drama critic for Vanity Fair (1917-20) and continuing as a theater and book reviewer for New Yorker (1927-33). Other works include: Enough Rope (1927), Death and Taxes (1931), Laments for the Living (1930) and After Such Pleasures (1933).

Cesare Pavese (1908–1950) Italian writer.
(1908–1950) Italian writer. Cesare Pavese was an Italian poet and novelist. Pavese also translated the writings of numerous Americans into Italian and wrote literary criticism.

Christine de Pizan (c1364-c1430) French writer.
(c1364-c1430) French writer. Christine de Pizan has been credited for starting the feminist movement. Pizan's works include: L'Epistre au Dieu d'amours (Letter to the God of Love, 1399), Le dit de la Rose (The Tale of the Rose, 1402), and Epistres du debat sur le Roman de la Rose (Letters on the Debate of The Romance of the Rose, 1401-1403).

Edgar Allan Poe (1809-1849) American writer.
(1809-1849) American writer. Edgar Allan Poe is well-known for his poetry and criticism. He's also recognized as the first master of the short story form.

Alexander Pope (1688-1744) British writer.
(1688-1744) British writer. Introduced to London life by William Wycherly, Alexander Pope became well-known for Essay on Criticism (1711). Other works include: Rape of the Lock (1712-1714), and Ode for Music on St. Cecilia's Day.

Dawn Powell (1896-1965) American writer.
(1896-1965) American writer. During her lifetime, Dawn Powell created poems, short stories, articles, and plays. Her works include Angel on Toast, Dance Night, The Golden Spur, and A Time to be Born.

Marcel Proust (1871-1922) French writer.
(1871-1922) French writer. Marcel Proust was an essayist, novelist, and literary critic. He is perhaps best known for his autobiographical work, A la recherche du temps perdu, which has been translated as In Search of Lost Time or Remembrance of Things Past.

Sully Prudhomme (1839-1907) French writer
(1837-1907) French writer. Original name Rene Francois Armand Prudhomme. Sully Prudhomme won the first Nobel Prize for Literature in 1901.

Pythagoras (c582-c507 BC) Greek writer.
(c582-c507 BC) Greek writer. Born in Samos, Ionia, Pythagorus was a philosopher and mathematician.

Erich Maria Remarque (1898-1970) German writer.
(1898-1970) German writer. Pseudonym for Erich Paul Remark. Erich Maria Remarque is perhaps most famous for All Quiet on the Western Front, which first appeared in 1929.

Rainer Maria Rilke (1875-1926) Austrian writer.
(1875-1926) Austrian writer. Born René Karl Wilhelm Johann Joseph Maria Rilke. Rainer Maria Rilke was born in Prague.

Jose Rizal (1861-1896) Filipino writer. Pseudonym for José Protacio Rizal Mercado y Alonso Realonda
(1861-1896) Filipino writer. Pseudonym for José Protacio Rizal Mercado y Alonso Realonda. Jose Rizal was a Filipino poet and novelist--also a national hero in the Philippines.

Theodore Roethke (1908-1963) American writer
(1908-1963) American writer. Open House was his first collection of poetry, and it took him ten years to write. Read more about the life and works of Theodore Roethke.

Sir Walter Raleigh (1552-1618) British writer.
(1552-1618) British writer. Sir Walter Raleigh, of Hayes Barton, Woodbury Common, was a famous explorer and soldier, as well as a poet. Raleigh published Discovery of Guiana in 1595.

Arthur Rimbaud (1854-1891) French Writer - Symbolist - Classic Literature
(1854-1891) French writer. Arthur Rimbaud was a poet of the symbolist school and one of the most original of all French poets. He stopped writing verse at the age of 21, and became after his early death an inextricable myth in French gay life.

Romain Rolland (1866-1944) French writer.
(1866-1944) French writer. Romain Rolland's most famous work is Jean Christophe, a partly autobiographical novel, which also won him the 1915 Nobel Prize in Literature.

Dante Rosetti (1828-1882) British writer.
(1828-1882) British writer. Brother to Christina Rossetti, Dante Rossetti was one of the founding members of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood. Sixteen of his sonnets were published in 1869. Other collected poems were published in 1881.

Christina Rossetti (1830-1894) British writer.
(1830-1894) British writer. Christina Rossetti is one of the most important Victorian women poets, famous for

Philip Roth (1933- ) American writer.
(1933- ) American writer. For his first published work, Goodbye, Columbus

Mary Rowlandson (c.1635-1678) American writer
(c1635-1678) American writer. Mary Rowlandson is famous for her Narrative of the Captivity and Restauration of Mrs. Mary Rowlandson, which details her journey as a servant with her Native American captors.

Salman Rushdie (1947- ) Indian writer.
(1947- ) Indian writer. Salman Rushdie is best known for his novel

John Ruskin (1819-1900) British writer.
(1819-1900) British writer. John Ruskin was an artist, scientist, and poet in the Victorian period.

William Shakespeare (1564-1616) British writer.
(1564-1616) British writer. William Shakespeare is often considered the greatest writer of all time. Shakespeare is known for works like

Sophocles (496 - 406? BC) Greek writer.
(496 - 406? BC) Greek writer. Sophocles wrote more than 100 plays for Athenian theaters, and won approximately 24 contests. We only know of 7 plays that survive intact. Existing plays include: Oedipus the King, Oedipus at Colonus, Antigone, Ajax, Electra, Philoctetes, and The Trachiniae.

St. Patrick - Mythology and Folklore
(387-493) Born in Scotland, St. Patrck died in Ireland. He's known for his

Algernon Charles Swinburne (1837-1909) British writer.
(1837-1909) British writer. Swinburne's reputation as a great poet rests upon a number of poems, such as Atalanta in Calydon, Dolores (1866), Laus Veneris (1866), and Tristram of Lyonesse (1882).

Torquato Tasso (1544-1595) Italian writer.
(1544-1595) Italian writer. Torquato Tasso is one of the greatest Italian poets of the late Renaissance. He's known for La Gerusalemme Liberata (Jerusalem Delivered, 1575).

Lord Alfred Tennyson (1809-1892) British writer.
(1809-1892) British writer. Famous for poetry like In Memoriam, Lord Alfred Tennyson was appointed Poet Laureate in 1850. Tennyson was one of the most popular poets of the Victorian era.

Dylan Thomas (1914-1953) Welsh writer.
(1914-1953) Welsh writer. Dylan Thomas was a Welsh poet and writer. He's been called one of the greatest poets of the 20th century.

William Thackeray (1811-1863) British writer.
(1811-1863) British writer. Known for Vanity Fair and Henry Esmond, William Thackeray was born in Calcutta, India.

Henry David Thoreau (1817-1862) American writer.
(1817-1862) American writer. Henry David Thoreau is known for his time at Walden Pond and the work of prose that came out of that experience.

J.R.R. Tolkien - Classic Literature
These pages are dedicated to the language and artwork of Tolkien's Middle-earth. He's famous for The Hobbit, The Lord of the Rings, and other essays, books, poetry, etc.

Leo Tolstoy (1820-1910) Russian writer
(1820-1910) Russian writer. Leo Tolstoy was a champion of nonviolent protest. He is famous as the author of Anna Karenina, War and Peace, and other works.

Anthony Trollope (1815-1882) British writer.
(1815-1882) British writer. Anthony Trollope is considered one of the great English novelists, with works that include: Barchester Towers (1857), Doctor Thorne (1858), Framley Parsonage (1861), The Small House at Allington (1864), The Last Chronicle of Barset (1867), The Claverings (1867), and more.

Jules Verne (1828-1905) French writer.
(1828-1905) French writer. Jules Verne is often considered the father of science fiction for such books as Twenty-thousand Leagues Under the Sea, and other works.

François Villon (1431-1465?) French writer.
(1431-1465?) French writer. François Villon's original name was François de Montcorbier or François Des Loges. He was one of the greatest French poets. Villon's work include: Lais (Little Testament, 1456), and Testament (Grand Testament, 1461).

Virgil (70 BC-1 BC) Roman writer.
(70 BC-1 BC) Roman writer. Virgil was a poet, famous for the Aeneid, which is often considered the most influential work of literature produced in ancient Rome.

Voltaire (1694-1778) French writer - Pseudonym for Francois Marie Arouet
(1694-1778) French writer. Pseudonym for Francois Marie Arouet. Voltaire wrote poetry, drama, romance, history, philosophy, and science. He was one of the leaders of the Enlightenment.

Kurt Vonnegut, Jr. (1922-2007) American writer.
(1922-2007) American writer. Kurt Vonnegut, Jr. was a writer known for works like Slaughterhouse-Five and Cat's Cradle, which are considered classic works in American fiction.

Alice Walker (1944- ) American writer.
(1944- ) American writer. A poet and novelist, Alice Walker is best known for her novel, The Color Purple. Walker portrays the lives and experiences of African-American women.

Horace Walpole (1717-1797) British writer
(1717-1797) British writer. 4th Earl of Orford. Horace Walpole is an English novelist, well-known for his quotable letters. He's also known for The Castle of Otranto (1764).

Evelyn Waugh (1903-1966) British writer.
(1903-1966) British writer. Evelyn Waugh was a comic novelist. Waugh's works include: A Handful of Dust, Brideshead Revisited,

Wang Wei (699–759) Chinese writer.
(699–759) Chinese writer. Wang Wei was a poet, painter, calligrapher, and musician. He was from the Tang Dynasty.

H.G. Wells (1866-1946) British writer.
(1866-1946) British writer. Throughout his long life, H(erbert) G(eorge) Wells was deeply concerned with and wrote voluminously about the survival of contemporary society.

E.B. White (1899-1985) American writer.
(1899-1985) American writer. E.B. White was a famous essayist and literary stylist, known for works like Once More to the Lake. He also was a poet and writer of children's books. Read more about the life and works of E.B. White.

T.H. White - Terence Hanbury White (1906-1964) Indian writer.
(1906-1964) Indian writer. Terence Hanbury White (known as T.H. White) is perhaps most famous as the author of

Mary Wollstonecraft (1759-1851) British writer.
(1759-1851) British writer. Mary Wollstonecraft wrote A Vindication of the Rights of Woman, and other works. She attempted suicide on multiple occasions, but finally died when she gave birth to her daughter, Mary, who would become Mary Shelley.

Richard Wright (1908-1960) American writer.
(1908-1960) American writer. Richard (Nathaniel) Wright was an American novelist and short story writer, famous for Native Son, Black Boy, and other works.

Edith Wharton (1862-1937) American writer.
(1862-1937) American writer. Edith Wharton is known for her novella Ethan Frome (1911) and her novel The Age of Innocence (1920), which won the Pulitzer Prize for fiction in 1921.

Phillis Wheatley (1753?-1784) American writer.
(1753?-1784) American writer. Born in Africa, Phillis Wheatley was the first important African-American poet. At the age of 8, she was captured and sold to the Wheatley family in Massachusetts.

Walt Whitman (1819-1892) American writer.
(1819-1892) American writer. The poetry of Walt Whitman sang the story of America in beautiful lines. Although some of his poetry was controversial during Whitman's lifetime, he is now lauded as one of America's greatest modern poets, well-known for Leaves of Grass.

John Greenleaf Whittier (1807-1892) American writer.
(1807-1892) American writer. John Greenleaf Whittier was famous for his anti-slavery poetry, and for his idyllic

Oscar Wilde (1854-1900) Irish Writer
(1854-1900) Irish writer. Many tendencies of late Victorian writing come together in the works of Oscar Wilde, who is remembered best as the author of theatrical comedies.

Thornton Wilder (1897-1975) American writer.
(1897-1975) American writer. Thornton Wilder is famous for The Bridge of San Luis Rey (1927), Our Town (1938), and The Skin of Our Teeth. Wilder was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for Our Town.

Roger Williams (1604-1676) American writer.
(1604-1676) American writer. Roger Williams was born in London, England. Because of his controversial ideas about freedom of worship, he sailed for America with his wife, Mary, in 1630. He founded Providence, Rhode Island. He also wrote Key into the Languages of America, and other works.

Tennessee Williams - Thomas Lanier Williams (1911-1983) American writer.
(1911-1983) American writer. Pseudonym for Thomas Lanier Williams. Tennessee Williams is well-known for his plays, including: Streetcar Named Desire, The Glass Menagerie, and Cat on a Hot Tin Roof.

William Carlos Williams (1883-1963) American writer.
(1883-1963) American writer. William Carlos Williams was a poet and doctor, who became a major voice in the modernist movement, with novels, poems, essays and plays. Keats and Whitman were early influences of this great poet, but he created his own fresh, American style.

Sir Pelham Grenville Wodehouse (1881-1975) British writer.
(1881-1975) British writer. Sir Pelham Grenville Wodehouse was an English humorist, who also wrote plays, novels, essays, and lyrics.

Virginia Woolf (1882-1941) British writer
(1882-1941) British writer. Virginia Woolf was part of the Bloomsbury Group. Her works include: Mrs. Dalloway (1925), Jacob's Room (1922), To the Lighthouse (1927), and The Waves (1931). Read more about the life and works of Virginia Woolf.

William Wordsworth (1770-1850) British writer.
(1770-1850) British writer. Together with Samuel Coleridge, William Wordsworth created a book of poems called Lyrical Ballads (1798). He is one of the most prominent figures of the Romantic era.

Thomas Wyatt (1503-1542) British writer.
(1503-1542) British writer. Sir Thomas Wyatt was a poet during the Renaissance. Few of his poems were published during his lifetime. His works include: Certain Psalms (1594).

William Wycherley (1633-1688) British writer.
(1633-1688) British writer. William Wycherley is known for his play, The Country Wife, and other works of drama during the Restoration.

American Colonial Literature
Pilgrims landed at Plymouth in December of 1620 in search for a home. What they found was hardship. Read mroe about the Early American writers in Colonial Literature.

British Modernity - Modernism - Modern Period
Find information and resources related to Modern British Literature, from 1914 to 1945. Modern writers include: Keith Barnes, Samuel Beckett, Rupert Brooke, G.K. Chesterton, Joseph Conrad, Arthur Conan Doyle, T.S. Eliot, C. S. Forester, E. M. Forster, Robert Graves, Graham Greene, etc.

Classical and Myth Theory and Criticism
Resource site includes journals, texts, teaching tools, art, architecture and professional organizations.

Courtly love - Classic Literature
Courtly Love was a conception of love, which became a central theme of lyric and epic poetry in France and England. The philosoply of courtly love is made manifest in works like: Chrétien de Troyes's Lancelot (12th cent.), Guillaume de Lorris's Roman de la Rose (13th cent.), and Chaucer's Troilus and Criseyde (14th cent.).

Deconstruction: Literary Theory
First introduced by French philosopher Jacques Derrida. In Deconstruction,

Father - Sons - Theme
How do fathers relate to their son(s) in literature? Read more about it.

Feminist Theory and Women's Studies - Literary Theory and Criticism
This page provides information and resources related to Feminist Theory and Women's Stuides. This type of criticism can be broadly applied to literary studies.

Gay, Lesbian & Queer Studies
Find information and resources related to gay, lesbian and queer studies.

July 4th in Literature
On July 4, 1776, the Declaration was accepted by the Continental Congress. We call the fourth of July Independence Day. Read more about July 4th, Freedom, and Independence in literature.

Middle English
After a period of disuse, written English returned as popular literature at the end of the 12th century. This page provides information and details related to Classic Literature from the Middle English and 15th-century periods. Discover details about Chaucer, the Gawain poet, William Langland, and more.

Mother-Daughter - Theme
How do mothers and daughters relate to one another in fiction and literature? Read more about how writers have depicted the relationships.

Sex - Theme
Sex is an act involved in reproduction, but there's so much more involved in the process. Authors often use euphemism to talk about sexual intercourse, but the courtship rituals that lead up to the act are varied and dramatic. Read more about sex in literature.

Tornado in Literature
A tornado swept Dorthy Gale away to the land of Oz. Read more about tornados in literature.

Gardens
Gardens represent nature in a (mostly) tamed state.

Play Titles
If you're looking for more information for specific plays, take a look at this list...

A List of Poems
If you're looking for more information for specific poems, take a look at this list...

Books About Myths and Mythology - Find a Book
Find books about mythology from around the world, including various topics like Spring. Read more about the myths.

Cats
Cats have been the center of attention in stories and poems. Black cats have scared us and cats have been independent companions to great writers like Ernest Hemingway. Read more about cats in literature.

Civil War - American
The Civil War made a tremendous impact. Numerous authors have written about the events and background both from a literary and historical perspective. One of the most famous works of literature related to the Civil War is The Red Badge of Courage, by Stephen Crane, but there are many more.

Dogs
Dogs have been called man's best friends. In literature, writers like Jack London, Mark Twain, and others have written memorable works about dogs. Read on.

Dramatic Monologue - Classic Literature
A dramatic monologue is a lyric poem in which a speaker addresses a silent listener.

Hurricane in Literature
What have writers said about hurricanes in literature? Take a look here for a few resources. Discover why the devastation of hurricanes has been such an intriguing topic.

Minority Literature
The study of race and ethnicity in literature involves African-American, Asian-American, Jewish-American, Native-American, and Latino/Latino literature.

About Mythology - Find a Myth
A myth is an ancient story, which may be filled with heroes and supernatural figures. The myth serves to explain how the world came to be (creation) or explore possible ends (apolypse). Mythology is a collection of myths, which may be associated with a particular culture or people. Mythology is also a field of literary scholarship, in which myths are studied.

Race Relations - Classic Literature
Find resources on the history of race relations useful for understanding the most controversial books in Classic Literature.

Rhyme
In a rhyme, there is a regular correspondence of sounds. Read about rhymes and rhyming in literature.

Trees
Trees are an interesting element in mythology from around the world. Besides being an important centerpiece in holiday mythology, trees are the symbol for life. When Adam and Eve ate from the Tree of Life, they were forced to leave the Garden of Eden.

World War I - Great War
World War I is also referred to as First World War, the Great War, or the war to end all wars. The conflict took place between 1914 and 1918. Read more about the poetry and novels from this period--filled with brutality, death, mutilation, and the horror of conflict.

Across Five Aprils - Irene Hunt
Across Five Aprils, by Irene Hunt, is a work of historical fiction. This novel centers around Jethro Creighton, and the story was told in third person limited point of view.

Adam Bede - George Eliot
Adam Bede is a novel by George Eliot. The work is a Bildungsroman, written between 1857 and 1859. Written primarily in the third person, this novel follows the stories of Adam Bede and Hetty Sorrel--through love, betrayal, and death.

Aeneid - Vergil / Virgil
Aeneid, by Roman poet Vergil (70 B.C.–19 B.C.) is a Latin epic about the mythic founder of Rome.

Alas, Babylon - Pat Frank
Alas, Babylon is a famous 1959 novel by Pat Frank. This book is a post-post-apocalyptic novel, involving a nuclear age.

All But My Life: A Memoir - Gerda Weissmann Klein
Gerda Weissmann Klein first published All But My Life: A Memoir in 1957. Written in first person, this memoir is set between 1939 and 1945.

All's Well That Ends Well - William Shakespeare
All's Well That Ends Well is a play by William Shakespeare. The play may have appeared as early as 1601, although the earliest known Folio is from 1623.

An American Tragedy - Theodore Dreiser
An American Tragedy (1925) is a novel by Theodore Dreiser. It's the story of Clyde Griffiths--from boyhood to his death--and it explores the realities of the pursuit for the American dream.

The Ancient Child - N. Scott Momaday
The Ancient Child is a classic work in Native American literature, by award-winning novelist N. Scott Momaday.

And Then There Were None - Agatha Christie
And Then There Were None is a novel by Agatha Christie. The work was first published in 1939.

Arcadia - Tom Stoppard
Arcadia is a play by Tom Stoppard. The play moves back and forth in time.

Around the World in 80 Days - Jules Verne
Around the World in Eighty Days is a famous novel by Jules Verne.

Aspects of the Novel - E.M. Forster
Aspects of the Novel is a nonfiction work by E.M. Forster, famous English novelist and writer. The book is made up of a series of lectures about the novel.

Astrophel and Stella - Philip Sidney
Astrophel and Stella is a sonnet sequence by Philip Sidney. Likely written in the 1580s, Astrophel and Stella was first published by Thomas Newman in 1591--consisting of 108 sonnets and 11 songs.

As You Like It - William Shakespeare
As You Like It is a pastoral play by William Shakespeare. Based on Thomas Lodge's Rosalynde, this comedy is one of Shakespeare's most popular works.

Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin
The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin was published in parts as early as 1790. The complete work first appeared with the John Bigelow edition in 1868.

The Awakening (1899) - Kate Chopin (1851-1904)
The Awakening, by Kate Chopin, was published in 1899, amid a storm of controversy. She never published another novel.

Babbit - Sinclair Lewis
Babbitt is a book about American middle class. The novel was written by Sinclair Lewis, and it was published in 1922.

Babylon Revisited - F. Scott Fitzgerald
Babylon Revisited, by F. Scott Fitzgerald, was first published in 1931. In this short story, a recovering alcoholic returns to Paris in attempt to recover some semblance of his former life.

The Big Sleep - Raymond Chandler
The Big Sleep is a famous novel by Raymond Chandler. Detective Philip Marlowe first appears in this novel, which was published in 1939.

Antony and Cleopatra - William Shakespeare
Antony and Cleopatra is about the ill-fated love affair between heroic Mark Antony and Cleopatra. Find information and resources about this famous play from William Shakespeare.

Aborigines - Anton Chekov
Aborigines is a short story by Anton Chekov, famous Russian author.

Bible
The Bible has been called one of the most quoted works in literary history, and it is also one of the most distributed books in human history. Many of the greatest writers in literature have been influenced by Biblical themes, motifs, and images--in one form or another.

Billy Budd, Sailor - Herman Melville
Written between 1885 and 1891, Billy Budd, Sailor was never fully completed. The manuscript was discovered in the 1920s. Herman Melville is well-known for Moby Dick.

Black Beauty - Anna Sewell
Black Beauty is a novel by Anna Sewell. The novel was written between 1871 and 1877.

Black Boy (American Hunger) - Richard Wright
Black Boy (American Hunger): A Record of Childhood and Youth is an autobiographical novel by Richard Wright. The novel was first published in 1945.

Black Cat - Edgar Allan Poe
The Black Cat is a famous short story by Edgar Allan Poe. First published in The Saturday Evening Post> on August 19, 1843, the story explores the psychology of guilt in relation to a black cat.

Bless Me Ultima - Rudolfo Anaya
Bless Me Ultima is a novel by Rudolfo Anaya. The book is recognized as an important contribution to Chicano literature.

The Bluest Eye - Toni Morrison
The Bluest Eye is the first novel by Toni Morrison. She draws from many of her own personal experiences, growing up in Ohio, for this famous novel.

Candide - Voltaire
Candide, by Voltaire, is an adventure novel. The book was first published in 1759.

Catch-22 - Joseph Heller
Catch-22 is an anti-war novel written by Joseph Heller.

Catcher in the Rye - J.D. Salinger
The Catcher in the Rye (1951) was J.D. Salinger's only full-length novel, and it is the work for which Salinger is most well known. Controversy has enveloped the novel since its publication.

Charlie and the Chocolate Factory - Roald Dahl
Charlie and the Chocolate Factory is a favorite book by Roald Dahl. Discover Charlie Bucket, Willy Wonka and a whole host of marvelous characters.

Charlotte's Web - E.B. White
Charlotte's Web is a novel by E.B. White. This story of Wilbur the pig and Charlotte the spider was first published in 1952. Charlotte's Web is a favorite classic.

Cherry Orchard - Anton Chekhov
The Cherry Orchard is a famous work by Anton Chekhov. The play was first performed in 1904.