Wireless/Networking Sitemap - Page 2 2016-09-26

Change Router SSID - Choose and Enter a New SSID
A network router contains a default SSID (network name) set by the manufacturer. Manufacturers generally use the same default SSID for all of their equipment, and changing this SSID is a good security practice.

How to Set Up a Home Network Router
This guide explains the overall step-by-step process for home broadband router setup. Major problems can result if router setup is done incorrectly.

How to Measure Your Wi-Fi Signal Strength
The performance of a Wi-Fi network connection depends on wireless signal strength. Several useful methods for measuring Wi-Fi signal strength exist.

When and How to Turn Off Wi-Fi On Your Devices
Have you ever tried to turn off the Wi-Fi on a broadband router or personal device and failed? If so, you are not alone. Consider these helpful tips.

Find Your Home Router's IP Addresses (Both of Them)
Routers use different IP addresses depending on the brand and how you set them up. Use these methods to find out what IP addresses your routers have. - Localhost and Loopback IP Address
In computer networking, is a special purpose IP address conventionally used as a computer's loopback address.

How to Reset a Home Network Router
Most people who own a network router have had to reset it at one time or another. Try these router reset methods recommended for various situations.

What is an Uplink Port in Computer Networking?
The term uplink is used in both satellite telecommunications and computer networking. Some wired network routers and switches have uplink ports.

Finding IP Address - Find the IP Address of a Network Device
Every computer or other device connected to the Internet or other IP network is given at least one IP address. Various methods exist to find the IP addresses of your computer, your router, or even someone else's Web site or other network equipment in some cases.

How To Find Your IP Address
You don't need to be a techie to find your network IP address. The method used to get it depends on the type of device and network you've joined.

Networking for Beginners - Wireless Network Terms Glossary - Network Terminology
This dictionary of wireless / computer network terms is a reference of networking for beginners. This glossary explains commonly used words and acronyms in wireless networking. - IP Address for Local Networks is the fourth IP address in the range often used by home computer networks.This address is usually assigned to a device by a router.

802.11n Wi-Fi in Computer Networking
802.11n is an industry standard for Wi-Fi wireless network equipment that supersedes the older 802.11a, 802.11b and 802.11g Wi-Fi standards.

Working with IP Addresses and Subnets
IP addresses are the fundamental method for computers to identify themselves on the Internet and many other computer networks. Learn here how to set up and maintain IP addresses.

The Basic Types of Network Protocols Explained
Network protocols serve as different languages of communication among computing devices that facilitate device identification and data transfer.

What is an IP Address Conflict and How is It Resolved?
An IP address conflict occurs when two communication endpoints on a network have been assigned the same address value. disrupting communications.

Internet Access and Services
Get on the Internet, share broadband Internet or other connections among network devices, and take advantage of all the Web has to offer.

Linksys Routers - Wireless and Ethernet Network Routers by Linksys
Linksys is one of the leading manufacturers of network routers for homes and small businesses. Linksys offers a wide range of networking products including both Ethernet and wireless routers.

Network Design for Homes and Businesses
computer networks layout naming routing management security information architecture corporate intranets network topology bandwidth testing application IBM redbook IP networks addressing routing domain naming fiber optic layouts OSI model






Basic Computer Network Topics Explained Visually
This index of computer networking breaks down the basics of the topic into a series of visual exhibits that illustrate networks by example. - Linksys Router Admin IP Address
The IP address is used by some Linksys routers plus other broadband routers and home network gateway devices to support local connections.

Visual Index of Computer Networking Topics - Wide Area Networks
A wide area network (WAN) spans a large geographic area. A WAN often contains multiple local area networks (LANs) and/or metropolitan area networks (MANs). Page 3.

Visual Index of Computer Networking Topics - Local Area Network
A local area network (LAN) supports sharing resources like files, printers, and applications to a group of computers in close proximity to each other such as in an office building, a school, or a home. Page 2.

Visual Index of Computer Networking Topics - A Simple Network
A simple network consists of two computing devices capable of making a connection and communicating with each other.

Visual Index of Computer Networking Topics - Wired Computer Networks
A wired network requires network cables or cords to make connections between computers and other network devices. This page illustrates the common types of network wiring. Page 4.

Visual Index of Computer Networking Topics - Wireless Networks
On a wireless network, computers communicate over microwave radio signals transmitted through the air instead of cables. This page illustrates the common types of wireless networking. Page 5.

OSI Model - Visual Index of Computer Networking Topics
The OSI model is a high-level approach to defining computer networks in terms of layers. This page presents an overview of the OSI model in a helpful reference diagram. Page 6.

The Six Fundamental Types of Network Connections
Compare and contrast the six fundamental types of computer network connections in this handy guide. How many of these have you used today?

HTTP - How HyperText Transfer Protocol Powers the Web
HTTP - Hypertext Transfer Protocol - is the standard technology for how Web browsers and Web servers communicate over computer networks. Here's why. - Private IP Network Address
IP address represents an IP network number and also the start of a private address range and only very rarely belongs to a network device.

Why You Should Change Wi-Fi Network Default Passwords
Anyone can log into a wireless router as the administrator if they know the account name and password. You should change these passwords periodically. - Why This IP Address Means Trouble is an Internet Protocol (IP) address. Devices having address are not connected to a TCP/IP network and may have experienced failure.

Should You Change the Name (SSID) of Your Router?
Wireless routers ship with a default network name (SSID) set by the manufacturer. Consider changing this name to improve the security of your network.

Fiber Optic Cables in Networking and Telecommunications
A fiber optic cable is a long distance network telecommunications cable made from strands of glass fibers that uses pulses of light to transfer data.

Setting Up and Using a Guest Network for Home
If you don't like the idea of sharing your Wi-Fi passwords when people visit your home, try setting up a guest network.

T1 and T3 Lines for Long-Distance Network Communication
T1 and T3 are related forms of long-distance physical network technology used by some businesses for voice and data telecommunications.

What is a DNS Cache and How Does it Work?
A DNS cache is a small database maintained by a computer's operating system. The database contains records of all recently accessed Internet domains. - IP Address for Local Networks is the third IP address in a range often used by home computer networks. This address is usually assigned to a device automatically.

What is a Wide Area Network (WAN) and How Does it Work?
A wide area network (WAN) spans a large geographic area and often joins multiple local area networks (LANs) and/or metropolitan area networks (MANs).

How to Build a Career in Computer Networking and IT
Starting a career in computer networking, or already in the field looking to get on a better track? Evaluate your education, experience and interests.

Networking 101 - Who Created the Internet?
Several individuals and organizations contributed to creating the Internet. Key developments included the Internet Protocol, Ethernet and email.

Internet Protocol (IP) Address Classes, Broadcast and Multicast
Traditional Internet Protocol (IP) addressing schemes use IP classes named A, B, C, D and E. Learn how these IP address classes work here.

IP Tutorial - Subnet Mask and Subnetting
A subnet mask allows IP networks to be subdivided for security and performance purposes. Learn about the basics of subnetting in this tutorial.

Major Events in The History of Computer Networks
The field of computer networking has been shaped by many key breakthroughs and technological developments over many decades. How many do you remember?

Routers, Switches and Hubs - Can You Tell Them Apart?
Routers, switches and hubs are three types of devices found on Ethernet networks. Although they may look similar, each of them works differently.

PPTP - A Popular Protocol for VPN Tunneling
If you use a VPN client on Microsoft Windows, odds are that it supports the Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol (PPTP). Here's what PPTP does for VPNs.

Ethernet - Fast and Gigabit Ethernet
Ethernet is a mature hardware technology that utilizes standard cables and adapters to network computers inside homes, schools and offices. Learn about the technical components of Ethernet including Fast and Gigabit and how to make them work.

What is a Hub - Ethernet and Network Hubs Explained
An Ethernet hub is a basic type of wired network device that allows multiple connected computers to communicate via broadcast communication.

Network Programming - Windows and Unix Network and Socket Programming Guide
Network programming is the use of software APIs and development tools to build network applications. Both Unix and Windows network programs share some of the same fundamental concepts including socket programming. So-called cross-platform network programming environments including Java and Python also exist.

Socket Programming for Computer Networking - Summary
Socket programming is a type of network software development using standard interfaces and tools for communicating data between applications.

The 5 Best Routers to Buy in 2016 for Under $50
The best inexpensive and dependable routers for your home are the TP-Link TL-WR1043ND, TP-Link TL-WR940N, Asus RT-N12, Linksys E1200 and more.

The 5 Best Routers to Buy in 2016
Shop the best routers (different speeds, budgets, etc.) for gamers, streamers, large homes, apartments and more.

Top 802.11ac Wi-Fi Wireless Routers for Home Networks
802.11ac routers are the newest type of Wi-Fi broadband routers, designed to improve the speed of home networks based on Wireless N (802.11n) routers. The 802.11ac routers listed on this page include models from many of the major manufacturers.

Tri Band Wireless Routers Explored - Do You Need One?
If you're looking for some cool new home network gear, consider the option of a tri-band router. You might be the first on your block to own one!

What's My IP Address, and How Do I Find It?
Although a person doesn't need to know their computer IP addresses all of the time, knowing how to find them when the need arises is extremely useful.

How to Find the Default IP Address of a Belkin Router
This page lists the default IP addresses for Belkin routers. Unless changed, client devices on home networks recognize Belkin routers by this address.

How to Find the Default IP Address of a Netgear Router
This page describes the default IP addressing of Netgear routers. Computers on a home network communicate with the router via its private address.

How to Find the Default IP Address of a Linksys Router
This page lists the default IP addresses for Linksys routers. These addresses allow you to access the router's console login page. - Default IP Address for Router Administration
IP address is the default for certain D-Link and Belkin home broadband routers. Administrators log into these routers using this IP address..

The Role of APIPA in Windows IP Address Assignment
APIPA - Automatic Private IP Addressing - allows DHCP clients to obtain addresses even in cases when the local DHCP server cannot provide one. - Private Network IP Address Notation
The IP address usually represents the network number for the 192.168.1.x range of IP addresses where x is between 1 and 255. - IP Address for Local Networks is a IP address sometimes found on private computer networks, either as the router's local address or part of its DHCP pool.

What is a Public IP Address and Why Do You Need One?
Internet standards define certain IP addresses as public or private. Unlike private IP addresses, a public IP address can be used on the Internet. - Home Network Default IP Address
The IP address is a default for some home broadband routers and cable modems. It can also be used for general IP address assignment. - Home Network IP Address
Some models of home broadband routers choose the IP address as their default gateway. Does your home network use this one? - IP Address on Linksys Networks is a private IP address that happens to also be the start of the dynamic IP address range on Linksys based home computer networks.

Computer Ports and their Role in Computer Networking
In computer networking, a port represents a communication channel or endpoint. Computer ports can refer to either physical or virtual connections.

SOHO Routers and SOHO Networks Explained
In this case, SOHO stands for Small Office and Home Office, referring to local area networks (LANs) and designed to be used by a very small business. - Default Gateway IP Address
The IP address is commonly used by business computer network routers as a gateway address that other devices on the local network connect to.

ICMP and ICMPv6 - Internet Control Message Protocol
ICMP is a network protocol useful in network administration and troubleshooting. Ping utilities use ICMP to test the connection to a remote device.

VPN - Clients Servers Solutions - Free VPN Software
VPN solutions support remote access and private data communications over public networks as a cheaper alternative to leased lines. VPN clients communicate with VPN servers utilizing a number of specialized protocols.

VPN Client Software - VPN Clients
You can access a VPN through command line or GUI software programs called VPN clients. Various VPN client software packages exist for different types of computers and network devices.

VPN Error 800 - Why It Occurs and What You Can Do
One of the most common errors encountered when using a VPN is error 800 - The Connection Cannot Be Established. Here's what you can do to solve it.

VPN Error 619 - Why It Occurs and What You Can Do
Another common error you may see when using a Microsoft Windows based virtual private network is VPN error 619 - the connection cannot be established.

Wireless Networks and Wi-Fi Technology
Most agree that wireless networking represent the future of computer and Internet connectivity worldwide. Wi-Fi continues to be the pre-eminent technology for building general-purpose wireless networks.

What Wireless Bridging Can Do For Computer Networks
A wireless bridge connects multiple LANs. Many Wi-Fi bridging products exist, and their functionality can differ from each other substantially.

Using a Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) on Computer Networks
In computer networking, a De-Militarized Zone (DMZ) establishes a firewall with one or more computers outside it that intercept incoming traffic.

Use the ARP Cache to Convert a MAC Address to an IP Address
Address Resolution Protocol (ARP) maps IP addresses to MAC addresses, but translating addresses in the other direction is much more complicated.

Can You Find a MAC Address by Using an IP Address?
TCP/IP networks track both the IP addresses and MAC addresses of connected devices. Here's how to find a device's MAC address using its IP address.

What DHCP Can Do For You and Your Networks
DHCP - Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol - enables network devices to automatically obtain IP addresses from a server such as a broadband router.

DNS - Domain Name System
DNS technology allows hosts on TCP/IP networks (such as Internet Web sites) to be addressed by names. DNS includes a network protocol and a distributed data store for lookup of host names and addresses.

Wi-Fi Hotspots
Wireless hotspots provide Internet access using Wi-Fi access points installed in airports, hotels, and other public places.

Solve DNS Server Not Responding Errors on Your Network
A Windows computer may generate DNS Server Not Responding errors when its connection to the Internet fails. Here's how to troubleshoot and fix them.

Universal Naming Convention - UNC Path Names in Windows
UNC - Universal Naming Convention - identifies network resources on Microsoft Windows using a path name that combines server names and share names.

How to Find A Sender's IP Address From Email Messages
Emails sometimes contain an IP address for the sender in the message header. Finding this IP address can be tricky - these instructions will help.

Top Apps for Monitoring Mobile Data Usage
Monitor online data usage on your smartphone: Using these apps can help avoid excessive service charges and keep your service provider honest.

Change Your Wi-Fi Channel Number to Avoid Interference
Several sources of radio interference in homes can disrupt the function of a wireless network. Try changing your Wi-Fi channel number to avoid them.

An Executive Summary of FTP - File Transfer Protocol
File Transfer Protocol (FTP) is a very old technology still used to copy files on the Internet, corporate and academic networks.

Should You Power Down a Home Network When Not Using It?
Broadband Internet connections are always on, but leaving home networks running all the time may be a bad idea. When should you turn your network off?

How to Fix Network Cable Unplugged Errors in Windows
If you see Network Cable Unplugged messages appear on the Windows desktop, any of several things could be wrong. Try these remedies to fix it.

Getting Started with Mobile Wi-Fi for Cars
If you can't get enough Wi-Fi at home or at the office, a car Wi-Fi system is probably for you. Here's what you need to know about in-vehicle Wi-Fi.

What is the 5-4-3-2-1 Rule for Computer Network Design?
Students of computer networking should study the 5-4-3-2-1 rule - a simple concept for managing the risk of traffic collisions.

Magic Numbers in Wireless and Computer Networking
These magic numbers mean a lot on computer networks. How many are you familiar with?

Magic Numbers in Wireless and Computer Networking
These magic numbers mean a lot on computer networks. How many are you familiar with?

Changing the Default Password on a Network Router
Changing the router's default password can help improve home network security. The procedure takes only a minute when following these instructions.

Change Router Passwords - Log In to the Router
New network routers use a default admin password set by the manufacturer. Follow these instructions to change a home router's default password.

Navigate to the Router's Change Password Page
New network routers use a default admin password set by the manufacturer. Follow these instructions to change a home router's default password.

Change Router Passwords - Choose & Enter New Password
New network routers use a default admin password set by the manufacturer. Follow these instructions to change a home router's default password.

Change Router Passwords - Save the New Password
New network routers use a default admin password set by the manufacturer. Follow these instructions to change a home router's default password.

What is a USB Port and How Can You Use It?
A USB port is a connection point on computers and many other types of consumer electronics that supports network data transfer and battery charging.

The Benefits of Wireless and Home Networking Revealed
The benefits of wireless networks and home networks keep growing as the technology improves. What's your favorite networking feature?

The Most Common VPN Error Codes Explained
Understanding how to troubleshoot the common VPN error codes can help you get your virtual private network connection back up and running quickly.

Routers vs Modems in Wireless and Computer Networking
In a battle of routers vs. modems, which one is more important? Both are critical to the function of most home networks but each in their own way.

All About the Effects of Latency on Computer Networks
Which is better - high latency or low latency? Learn about this often overlooked but very important factor in the performance of computer networks.

Best Anonymous Proxy Servers That Are Free on the Web
These sites provide free anonymous Web proxy servers, useful as an alternative to configuring HTTP or SOCKS proxies in the Web browser.

What is the PlayStation Network (PSN)?
Sony Corporation created and maintains the PlayStation Network (PSN) as an online gaming and media content distribution service.

What is WPA2 (Wireless Protected Access 2)?
WPA2 replaced Wireless Protected Access with even stronger encryption technology and is commonly used to improve security on Wi-Fi wireless networks.

What is Gigabit Ethernet in Computer Networking?
Gigabit Ethernet is widely used in homes and businesses for wired computer networking. The Gigabit Ethernet standard supports data rates up to 1 Gbps.

Avoiding the Risks of Automatic Wi-Fi Connections
Connecting to an open Wi-Fi network such as a free wireless hotspot exposes your computer to security risks, especially if it happens automatically.

How Many Devices Can One Wireless Router Handle?
The exact number of devices that can share a Wi-Fi network depends on many factors but is probably larger than you think.

Disable SSID Broadcast to Maybe Hide Your Wi-Fi Network
Most wireless routers routinely transmit the Wi-Fi network name (SSID) into open air. Should you disable this feature to hide your Wi-Fi network?

Does Your Home Network Use MAC Address Filtering?
To improve the security of your Wi-Fi network, strongly consider enabling and using MAC address filtering. Most home routers disable it by default.

The Functions and Features of Home Network Routers
Broadband routers are packed with features for supporting home networking. How many features of your home router do you use?

The Default Passwords of Netgear Routers Revealed
New Netgear routers ship with a default administrator password. Make sure you know what it is and how to quickly change it.

Dealing with Duplicate Name Exists Errors in Windows
After booting a Microsoft Windows computer, you may see an error message stating a duplicate name exists on the network. Here's what to do about it.

Common Misconceptions About Computer Networks
Have you been led to believe some of these common misconceptions about computer networks? Some of these facts may surprise you.

WAP - Wireless Application Protocol - WAP Technology
WAP - Wireless Application Protocol - supports development of Web-based applications that run over wireless networks.

Z-Wave Home Automation Technology
Z-Wave is a wireless radio frequency (RF) communication technology developed to be a standard for home automation.

Zigbee Wireless Network Technology
ZigBee is a wireless communication technology based on the IEEE 802.15.4-2006 networking standard. ZigBee products are most commonly used in wireless monitoring of commercial and industrial systems.

Cable Internet - Cable Modem Internet Service
Cable Internet service uses a cable modem connected to the residential cable TV line. Cable Internet access is offered by numerous providers in larger cities and towns.

Cellular Internet Access
Cellular technology provides wireless Internet access through cell phones.

DSL Networking Technology FAQ Index
DSL technology brings high-speed Internet access to homes and small businesses. DSL networking utilizes ordinary telephone lines. Learn about the basics of DSL and find answers to frequently asked questions FAQ.

DSL vs Cable - Comparing DSL vs. Cable Modem Internet Service
DSL and cable modem Internet services bring high-speed networking to the home and small business at an affordable price. When comparing DSL vs cable, business and technical advantages of both are apparent.

Firewalls and Firewall Technology
A firewall is an essential element of network privacy and security. Hardware or software firewalls monitor and limit the flow of information through a computer network according to defined rules.

Free Firewall Download - Personal Free Firewall Software
Personal free firewalls protect computers connected to home networks and wireless hotspots. Several brands of free firewall software are available for download and use for an unlimited time (no trials). Trying a free firewall download allows you to evaluate some products before purchasing one.

Spyware - Malware
Common forms of malware found on computers today are spyware, viruses, worms, and trojans. All utilize computer networks to spread and do damage.

Satellite Internet Access
Using a small dish antenna and satellite modem, satellite Internet access is available in almost all rural areas not serviced by other technologies.

Xbox 360 and Xbox Live Networking
The Microsoft Xbox and Xbox 360 video game consoles support either wired Ethernet or wireless connections to home networks and the Xbox Live Internet service for online games.

Wireless Automation
Although the field of home automation originally started out with wired technologies and products, newer wireless technologies have also been developed that increase the convenience and usefulness of automation systems.

Value Propositions for Home Automation
Automation technologies for the home are generally useful and usually cool, but are they worth the cost and maintenance work?

Building Blocks of Home Automation Systems
Only a few components are required in a basic home automation system, but various optional components like touch screens can be added to the system over time to expand its capabilities.

Capacity Planning for IT Networks
Capacity planning is an important aspect of computer networking; proper planning ensures a healthy network that can grow to meet future needs.

Intranets and Extranets
An intranet is the generic term for a collection of private computer networks within an organization. An extranet is a computer network that allows controlled access from the outside for specific business or educational purposes. Intranets and extranets are communication tools designed to enable easy information sharing within workgroups.

History of Networking - Computer Networking History
The history of networking suggests that the future is full of advanced technology and amazing application possibilities.

Linux Networking - Network Linux Computers
Previously considered only a research or academic topic, the Linux operating system and Linux networking continues to gain in mainstream popularity with businesses and families.

Network Ping - Testing Commands and Utilities
In computer networking, ping is a process for sending test messages from one computer to another to check the health of network connections. Ping tests are run using various software commands and utility programs.

IP and IPv6
The Internet Protocol (IP) underlies most communication on the World Wide Web. IP supports various higher-level application protocols.

Network Speed Tests and Tweaks - Improve Network Connection Speed
Tweak the performance of your Internet or other network connection using these easy tips and tricks to optimize network speed.

Wireless Speed - WiFi Speed Wireless Range and Network Performance
The speed of a wireless network depends on several factors particularly the protocols being used. The signal range a WiFi wireless network supports also affects its overall speed. These frequently asked questions cover the essential concepts in wireless network performance.

Outdoor Monitoring With Home Automation Systems
Home automation networks can be set up to support outdoor monitoring of visitors as well as environmental conditions. Video cameras and weather stations are two types of equipment that can be interfaced to the automation network.

CAT5 Cable and CAT6 - Ethernet Network Cabling
Category 5 (CAT5) is a form of Ethernet cable commonly used today to connect computers. Learn about the basics of CAT5 wiring for home and office networks.

About Wireless / Networking Terms - A

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Wi-Fi Cameras - Wi-Fi Wireless Internet Video Cameras
A wireless Internet video camera allows video (and sometimes audio) data to be captured and transmitted across a Wi-Fi computer network. Wi-Fi cameras are often used for home surveillance and home security purposes.

Wi-Fi Wireless Access Points
Use wireless access points to create a local

Wireless Network Adapters
Wireless network adapters enable devices to communicate with each other over WiFi or other wireless networking protocols.

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BitTorrent Clients - Free BitTorrent Client Programs
Several file sharing clients exist for the BitTorrent P2P network. Each can download torrents well, and each has a loyal following. Try any of the BitTorrent clients listed below to find the one that's best for you.

BearShare Software Downloads - Free Downloads for BearShare Software
These free software downloads for file sharing are applications associated with the BearShare P2P client program.

Free LimeWire Software Downloads
These free software downloads for file sharing are applications associated with the LimeWire P2P client program.

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Configure or Change an IP Address
You need to have IP addresses set up correctly when configuring your network, and you may also need to change them occasionally.

802.11n Wireless Routers - Equipment and Buying Guide
802.11n (sometimes called Wireless N) is the new popular standard for wireless routers, replacing 802.11g and 802.11b. An 802.11n router is designed to offer better performance and range than other types of Wi-Fi routers.

Tracing Public IP Addresses - IP Locators
Various tools and methods exist to trace a public IP address to a specific computer or general geographic location. IP locators vary in their implementation, and success is far from guaranteed for several technical reasons.

802.11b Wireless Routers Buying Guide
Wireless routers based on the 802.11b standard support 11 Mbps bandwidth. These were the first generation of Wi-Fi wireless routers for home networking, now being replaced by newer, faster standards.

802.11g Wireless Routers Buying Guide
Wireless routers that support the 802.11g Wi-Fi standard are compatible with 802.11b products and generally offer better performance and security features.

Wireless Security FAQs
Frequently asked questions in wireless networking include many specific to security. Understanding these concepts and terms will help you build and use wireless networks safely.

Yahoo Messenger Network - Yahoo Instant Messaging
Yahoo Messenger is one of the most popular instant messaging (IM) networks, supporting PC to PC phone calls, file sharing, and chat. The Yahoo Messenger IM client and network are available free of charge.

AIM - America Online(AOL) Instant Messaging
AIM is the instant messaging (IM) service provided by America Online (AOL). AIM supports peer to peer communication and file sharing over the Internet.

802.11g Wi-Fi Wireless Networking
802.11g is an industry standard for wireless local network communication that improves on the performance of 802.11b Wi-Fi and is backward compatible. 802.11g is a popular choice for home networking products including routers and network adapters.

Lighting Control for Home Automation
A common usage of home automation systems is controlling lights via remote switches, dimmers, and timers.

Link Layer Network Protocols
These network protocols directly manage the physical network link of a computer and also interface to higher level protocols for handling connections and data.

INSTEON Home Automation Technology
INSTEON is designed to replace the old X10 standard for home automation. INSTEON supports both powerline and wireless connection methods.

Security Controls for Home Automation
From remote video surveillance to management of window and door locks, automation technology allows homeowners to more effectively maintain security outside and inside their residence.

DIY Projects for Home Automation
In spare hours or on the weekends, you can install the necessary equipment and add new automation capabilities to your home and home network.

Home Automation Holiday and Special Events Coverage
Home automation equipment tends to be showcased during holidays and certain other special events, especially at Halloween and Christmas.

Networking With Consumer Electronics Devices
Consumer electronics devices like game consoles, personal handheld gadgets and home entertainment and security systems can often be connected to your home network and the Internet to increase their usefulness.

Troubleshooting Network Problems - Home Network Troubleshooting
When a home network is not functioning properly, many different possibilities exist for what may be wrong. Follow these tips for basic networking troubleshooting of home networking problems.

Home, Wireless and Internet Network Security
As networks become an integral part of everyone's lives, advanced network security technologies are being developed to protect data and preserve privacy, especially Internet privacy.

Speed Test - Internet Network Connection Speed
Use a speed test to measure Internet connection bandwidth before tweaking your network setup. A speed test estimates the performance of a network connection by using sample data files and test Web servers.

Web Servers
Web server applications provide network access to Web pages and other intranet and Internet content.

WinMX Network - Peer to Peer System
WinMX is a distributed peer to peer network system with its own client of the same name. WinMX clients have been available for many years, although in September 2005, the primary WinMX host cache server was shut down due to legal pressure.

X10 Home Automation Technology
X10 is an industry standard for home automation networks. The technology behind X10 has been developed over several decades and remains popular today despite competition from other standards.

Bear Share - BearShare P2P Client free Lite Pro
Bear Share (usually

Bit Torrent - Bit Torrent P2P Networking Software
Bit Torrent is a popular P2P file sharing system. The BitTorrent network relies on Internet search engines that index files through metadata called torrents. Bit Torrent client software allows files to be downloaded and uploaded on P2P networks using a high-performance network protocol.

ED2K - eDonkey P2P Network
eDonkey (also known as eDonkey 2000 or ED2K) is an extremely large peer to peer file sharing network. Several different P2P clients support eDonkey network connections.

About Kazaa
Kazaa is an extremely popular P2P system used for music, freeware and other file sharing over the Internet. Kazaa and Kazaa Lite use a decentralized P2P model based on the FastTrack protocol.

Lime Wire Software for P2P File Sharing
LimeWire is a popular P2P file sharing client based on the Gnutella protocol. LimeWire file sharing software supports searching for, downloading or uploading files across the Internet.

Shareaza is a free, popular cross-network P2P file sharing client. The Shareaza file sharing software supports searching for, downloading or uploading files across the Internet.

Windows File Sharing Made Easy
The Microsoft Windows family of operating systems contains many built-in options for easy sharing of files and folders across a local network.

WIndows FTP Servers and Clients
FTP ( File Transfer Protocol) allows you to transfer files between two computers across the internet. Microsoft Windows contains built-in support for FTP. Third-party FTP clients and servers for Windows are also available for free download online.

Ares P2P File Sharing Network
Ares is a full-featured P2P network with its own file sharing clients including Ares Galaxy. Ares clients support decentralized music and other file sharing and include a built-in chat service.

Computer Architecture Basics
Understanding these concepts in computer architecture is essential to learning computer networking. Discover the key elements of computer system and network architecture here.

Microsoft Internet Explorer - Networking
The Internet Explorer browser provides access to Web pages and also contains a large number of network file sharing and security settings.

Windows 7 Networking - Using Windows 7 On Networks
The Microsoft Windows 7 contains new technologies and interfaces for connecting PCs to networks. Windows 7 HomeGroup, for example, is specifically designed to simplify home networking.

Windows XP Networking - Microsoft Windows XP
Windows XP provides modern networking features for home and business LANs. Windows XP noticeably improves on the network technology of previous version of Microsoft Windows.

Network Cables and Cabling
While wireless may be the wave of the future, most computer networks today still utilize cables.

USB - Universal Serial Bus
USB is a hardware standard for networking of peripheral devices like printers and scanners.

Modem - 56K Speed and Broadband Modems
Traditional dial up access to the Internet uses a small hardware device called a

Network Adapter - Ethernet Cards and Wireless Network Adapters
The network adapter is an essential component of any computer network. Network adapters exist in many different forms to fit different types of networks and computing devices.

FTP File Transfer
FTP is a method to transfer files across the Internet using an FTP client program. FTP is commonly used on school networks and by Web publishers.

Instant Messaging - Free Instant Messenger Systems
Free Instant Messaging systems from AOL, MSN, Yahoo! and others combine chat with peer to peer file sharing and voice over IP (VoIP) Internet phone services.

Internet Phone Calls - IP Phones, Service and Free Add-Ons
Internet phone calling systems, often called VoIP (voice over IP) phones, allow telephone calls to be made from personal computers.

TCP/IP Network Performance - Benchmarks and Tools
Utility software that measures TCP/IP performance at the application or protocol level can be helpful in benchmarking, troubleshooting and tuning of both local and Internet network connections. These five programs are among the most popular and proven benchmark tools for the job.

VPN Setup - How to Set Up a VPN
Virtual Private Networks (VPNs) are a more advanced form of computer networking, but setting up a VPN is not necessarily difficult. A VPN setup involves both server and client configuration. Some details depend on the type of VPN and other network technologies involved.

Networking Basics - Hardware Equipment for Wireless Networks
Basic networking gear used in a wireless home network can include network adapters, routers and/or access points.

Certification - Internet and Network Certifications
Certifications in computer networking from Cisco, Microsoft and other industry groups signify an individual's study of essential networking concepts and technologies.

Network Storage - Network Attached Storage
Storage networking involves the connection of specialized devices designed to serve or back up large amounts of data across local networks.

Software - Network Applications and Tools
Network software applications utilize the Internet or other network hardware infrastructure to perform useful functions.

Working With MAC Addresses
In TCP/IP computer networks, each device possesses a Media Access Control (MAC) address used to uniquely identify the network adapter hardware.

Area Networks - LANs WANs and Other Area Networks
One way to categorize the different types of computer network designs is by their scope or scale. For historical reasons, the networking industry refers to nearly every type of design as some kind of area network. Common examples of area network types are LAN, WAN and VLAN.

Cisco Networking - Cisco Routers, Certifications and VPN
Cisco is a company recognized around the world for its network equipment and certification programs. Cisco networking solutions includes routers, switches, VPN systems and training programs.

IT - Information Technology
Information Technology professionals build and deploy computer networks for larger organizations. IT organizations are responsible for selecting, installing and maintaining network hardware and software systems.

Network Protocols
Network protocols like HTTP, TCP/IP, and SMTP provide a foundation that much of the Internet is built on. Find out more about these protocols and how they work.

OSI Model - Open Systems Interconnection Model
The OSI model offers a framework for understanding network design concepts. Many popular network technologies today take some design elements from the OSI model. Many entry-level network certification programs also require knowledge of OSI.

Home Automation Systems and Software
Home automation is the application of networking technology to enable home electronics for more intelligent monitoring and control, saving money and/or increasing convenience.

Dial Up Internet Access
Dial-up networking technology supply PCs and other devices access to a LAN or WAN via telephone lines. An ISP - Internet Service Provider - offers dial-up subscription plans to home computer users.

Internet Service Providers - ISPs and Internet Access
Internet Service Providers (ISPs) supply Internet access to homes and businesses. Many ISPs in the USA and worldwide also offer email, Web hosting and related services.

802.11 Wireless Standards
The family of 802.11 standards from IEEE includes several varations on high-speed wireless communication protocols including 802.11a and 802.11b.

Wireless FAQ - Wireless Networking Questions and Answers
Common questions and answers about wireless network technology and services. FAQs for Wi-Fi, Bluetooth and security in wireless computer networking.

Broadband - DSL and Cable Modem Services
In home networking, the term broadband refers to a specific form of high-speed Internet access. Broadband Internet service is high-speed, but not all forms of high-speed Internet access employ broadband technology.

Using a Home Network - Applications of Home Networking
Once installed and running, you can use a home network in many ways. Common applications of home networking include file sharing, printer sharing, and gaming. Along with this, taking proper care of your network will also keep it running smoothly.

Wireless Internet Access - Providers and Wireless Services
Wireless Internet access makes mobile email access and Web searching possible from phones and roaming mobile computers. Wireless Internet services have been available for years but are now becoming easier to find and more affordable.

Hardware - Network Gear
Computer networks may utilize hubs, switches, routers, adapters, cables and several other types of hardware equipment. Become savvy in how network gear works and how to use it.

Practice Exams - Network Practice Tests - Network Certification and Training
Learn about computer networking the fun and easy way, by taking this series of interactive question-and-answer quizzes / practice tests. These tests offer excellent practice for certification exams.

VoIP - Voice Over IP - Internet Telephony
With VoIP - voice over IP - service, consumers enjoy the convenience of a cell phone with the benefits of full Internet connectivity for telephony. The same Internet Protocol (IP) technology used in conventional data networks can be used to transmit voice and fax.

Bluetooth - Wireless Technology - Blue Tooth Phones PDAs
Bluetooth (sometimes Blue Tooth) technology supports a standard communication scheme among wireless network devices like cell phones. Learn about Bluetooth technology to network cell phones, PDAs, and computer peripherals.

Peer to Peer File Sharing - P2P Networking
Peer to peer file sharing is a form of P2P networking. P2P networking eliminates the need for servers and allows all computers to participate in file and resource sharing as equals. Music file sharing, instant messaging and various other applications rely on peer to peer technology.

Proxy Servers and Proxy Lists
On the Internet, proxy servers provide a way to visit sites anonymously. Proxy servers also provide network firewall, connection sharing, and caching technology for private networks.

Networking with Apple Devices
Apple devices including Macs, iPhones, iPods and iPad support standard wired and wireless networking technologies, but they also utilize custom applications and some special techniques for networking with each other and with non-Apple devices.

How Digital Pickpocketing Works
Did you know that with a little (not a lot) of technical know-how, an average smartphone can be turned into a device that steals credit card numbers from people

Got Icon? Wireless Network Icon Missing
| Discussion | On Windows computers with WiFi capability, you normally configure wireless by opening the Wireless Networks icon from the Control Panel Network

The Network Path Was Not Found
| Discussion | When trying to connect to a network resource on another Windows computer, sometimes you might see this error message:

Netgear vs Linksys Routers - Discuss
| Message Board | One of our members recently purchased a Netgear wireless router that allegedly died in about 6 months time. No doubt with some buyer's

Will Your Xbox 360 Wireless Adapter Work on a Computer?
| FAQ | People occasionally ask me about removing the Wi-Fi network adapter from their Xbox 360 to use it in an ordinary computer. If you are using the official

Can You Trace The MAC Address of a Stolen Computer?
From a community member -

If You Forget Your Router's Password
One of the most frustrating problems in home networking is forgetting the password of your broadband router. Judging by how often I'm asked for solutions to

What Type of Wireless Does Sony PS3 Support?
The Sony Playstation 3 video game console includes built-in 802.11g (802.11b/g) Wi-Fi wireless networking. It means you don't need to purchase a separate

TCP and UDP Port Numbers for Xbox Live
If you use a router and play Internet games over Xbox Live, you may experience some difficulty in maintaining connections. Several different factors can

What is Apple's Bonjour Technology?
Bonjour is a network discovery technology developed by Apple, Inc. It allows computers and printers to automatically find and connect to each other's services

The iPod Nano Gets Wireless Streaming

How to Find the Password
If you are attempting to visit in the browser and are prompted for a username and password, odds are you're trying to log into a Linksys

Using an Unsecured Wireless Network
| Commentary | A reader recently asked about the risks of using open public WiFi hotspots. These links show as

Linksys TFTP Client for Router Firmware Upgrades
Last week, I spent some hours trying to reload the firmware on an old Linksys router. Normally you can update a router's firmware via its console

How to Follow the 30-30-30 Hard Reset Rule for Routers
Broadband routers used for home networking provide a small reset switch to restore factory defaults. This 30-30-30 rule is the best way to use it.

Mad Catz Wireless-N Gaming Adapter
The Mad Catz Wireless-N Gaming Adapter plugs into the USB port of an Microsoft Xbox 360 or Sony PS3 game console and enables it for Wi-Fi networking.

Microsoft Windows - Network File Sharing Introduction
Microsoft Windows supports many different methods for sharing files on a computer network, each designed for specific purposes.

Coping with Wi-Fi Addiction - A How-To Guide
A person can become addicted to using Wi-Fi and wireless Internet the same as to physical substances or other bad behaviors. Use this guide to learn more about Wi-Fi addition and its possible treatments.

Choose The Best Wi-Fi Wireless Channel for Your Network
Most Wi-Fi networks support ten or more different channels. If you're lucky, they all work. Here's what you need to know about wireless channels if you aren't.

What Is the Wi-Fi Pineapple?
Imagine if there was a device that could pretend to be your favorite Wi-Fi hotspot, fooling your phone or laptop into connecting so that it could take over the

Introduction to the Internet of Things (IoT)
Internet of Things (IoT) is a concept for the future of wireless computer networking based on electronic sensors and automatic data processing. IoT could tturn out to be nothing but industry hype, but most likely it will enable the average person to be more productive.

Wireless Networking and Your Health - An Overview
While the topic continues to stir much controversy, the effects of cellular and Wi-Fi wireless technologies on our health remains as unclear as ever.

How Computer Networks Work - Protocols
Computer network protocols serve as the language by which devices can communicate with each other over shorter or longer distances.

Introduction to Wi-Fi Wireless Networking
Wi-Fi is the most famous technology used in wireless networking today. But how much do you really know about it?

What Is Hexadecimal Numbering?
Hexadecimal is a way to represent numbers that works especially well on computers. Several kinds of computer network data use hexadecimal numbering including some common addresses and security keys.

Introduction to Powerline Home Networking and HomePlug
Did you know that your home's power outlets can be used to build or expand a computer network? Powerline home networks based on HomePlug offer an interesting alternative to both Wi-Fi and Ethernet but also coexist with these other technologies.

What is the Default Password of D-Link Routers?
D-Link routers all have a default administrator password needed for home network setup. D-Link owners should know what it is and how to change it.

Introduction to Making Wireless Network Connections
Learn how to make the three essential kinds of wireless network connections: peer-to-peer, router, and hotspot.

A Concise Introduction to Information Technology (IT)
Information technology (IT) is a popular career field for network professionals who manage the underlying computing infrastructure of a business.

Introduction to Network Cables and and Cable Types
Computer networks in the 21st century use several different types of cables for both short- and long-distance communication.

Default Administrator Login for Belkin Routers
Belkin broadband routers ship with a default administrator password set at the factory when the device is first built. This page lists the default login passwords for Belkin home routers.

How to Connect a Computer To the Internet
Connecting a computer or other network device to the Internet can be surprisingly difficult and frustrating. The best methods to use vary depending on the kind of network technologies involved.

Upgrade Your Home Network to Wireless N
Many wireless home networks are using outdated Wi-Fi technology. Upgrading your network to Wireless N can be a simple way to improve its performance and reliability, although the benefit may not be as great as you think.

Introduction to Business Computer Networks
Business networks are set up somewhat differently from home computer networks due to cost, performance and security considerations as explained in this article.

Using Cell Phones and Wireless Modems for Networking
Cell modem connections can be a convenient way to get online while traveling especially as connection speeds have been improving over the years.

What Is an Ethernet Port? - Wireless / Networking
An Ethernet port is an opening on computer network equipment that Ethernet cables plug into. Ethernet ports accept cables with RJ-45 connectors.

Kbps, Mbps, and Gbps - Bit Rate Units for Computer Networks
Computer network equipment and connections run at all different data rates. The fastest operate at Gbps speeds while others are rated in Mbps or Kbps.

FTP (File Transfer Protocol) Port Number 21
FTP (File Transfer Protocol) port number 21 is a reserved port in TCP/IP networking. FTP servers utilize port number 21 for protocol control messages.

OpenVPN - Free VPN Client and Server Software
OpenVPN is free VPN client and server software that runs on Windows, Linux and Mac OS X. OpenVPN improves the security of public Internet connections. Both command line and GUI interfaces exist for OpenVPN, which uses SSL browser-based security.

The Role of Operating Systems in Computer Networking
Operating systems help people interface with computers. Many different operating systems have been developed for PCs, phones, and embedded devices.

SMTP - Simple Mail Transfer Protocol
SMTP - Simple Mail Transfer Protocol - is a standard network protocol used for transmitting email messages to a mail server on the Internet. SMTP settings in an email client point to an SMTP server that is normally paired with either a POP or IMAP server for receiving mails. SMTP uses TCP port number 25, and sometimes also TCP port 587.

X10 Home Automation Systems and Software
X10 is an industry standard for home automation networks that can work over wired or wireless links. X10 is really old - does it have a future?

Attenuation and Amplification on Computer Networks
In wired or wireless computer networking, attenuation is a loss of signal strength while amplification is a technique for boosting signal strength.

How to Find Your IP and MAC Addresses in Windows
Follow these step-by-step instructions to quickly find the Internet Protocol (IP) and Media Access Control (MAC) addresses of Windows computers.

How You Can Better Hide Your IP Address for Privacy
Hiding an IP address when going online makes it difficult for others to track its Internet activity. Both anonymous proxy servers and VPNs can help.

About Dual Band Wireless Networking
Dual band wireless networks support devices on two different radio frequency bands, offering several advantages over ordinary single band networks.

Is 5 GHz Wi-Fi Better Than 2.4 GHz?
Wi-Fi network gear signals in either 2.4 GHz or 5 GHz ranges. Just because it carries a bigger number, 5 GHz is not necessarily better than 2.4 GHz.

Effects of Wi-Fi Use on Computer Battery Life
The Wi-Fi network protocol requires electric power to operate the radio transceivers used to send and receive data. Using Wi-Fi on a computer or handheld device can significantly increase its power consumption (shortening battery life).

How to Improve the Wi-Fi Range of a Laptop Computer?
When using a wireless laptop with public hotspots, a strong WiFi signal is necessary to ensure successful Internet access and good connection speed. A wireless laptop with limited range is likely to suffer from slow or dropped Internet connections. Here are some ideas for improving the WiFi signal of a laptop to ensure best possible wireless Internet access.

What is a Port Number in Computer Networking?
Port numbers on TCP/IP computer networks - including home networks - help identify senders and receivers of messages. Here's what you need to know.

How To Change Your IP Address in a Few Simple Steps
With some effort, it's possible to change your IP address. Procedures depend on whether the address is static or dynamic and public or private.

How You Can Find The IP Address For Any Web Site
Knowing a Web site's IP address can be useful in several situations. Follow these instructions to find the website IP addresses you need.

What is YouTube's IP Address?
If you can't connect to www.youtube.com, you may be able to reach the site by one of its IP addresses, although that could get you in trouble.

How Can I Get 300 Mbps Speed on My 802.11n Network?
802.11n network equipment supports up to 300 Mbps of rated bandwidth. Unfortunately, sometimes an 802.11n network may operate at much lower speeds such as a 130 Mbps rating. Certain conditions must exist to achieve an 802.11n speed of 300 Mbps as described here.

What is a Computer Network?
What is a computer network? Computer networking is the practice of linking computer devices together to support digital communication among them.

What is Wireless Computer Networking?
Wireless networks including Wi-Fi utilize radio or light waves to establish communication channels among computers and other network devices.

Looking Up Email IP Addresses on Public DNS Blacklists
One way to confirm whether email or other messages you're receiving are spam is to check its originating IP address against one of the public DNS blacklist - DNSBL - databases available online. This page describes the purpose of DNS blacklists and how to use them.

Update the Firmware On Your Network Router
Wireless routers contain built-in programmable logic called firmware. The firmware implements network and security protocols. Many wireless router manufacturers provide an upgrade / update capability for their firmware.

What a Static IP Address Can (and Can't) Do For You
While most IP networks use DHCP for address assignment, sometimes a static IP address makes more sense. Here's how to work with static IP addresses.

What is DNS - Domain Name System for Computer Networks
The Domain Name System (DNS) converts Internet domain and host names, such as the URLs typed into a Web browser, into IP addresses of target devices.

What Is Ethernet in Computer Networking?
Definition: Ethernet is a physical and data link layer technology for local area networks (LANs). Ethernet was invented by engineer Robert Metcalfe. Many higher level network protocols like Internet Protocol use Ethernet as their transmission medium.

What is Bluetooth Wireless Networking?
Bluetooth is a low cost, short range, low power-consuming wireless networking technology commonly used in cell phones and other portable devices.

What Is the OSI Model in Computer Networking?
The OSI model provides a conceptual understanding of LAN/WAN internetworking. The OSI model is an essential aspect of computer networking theory and practice.

How to Access Your Router for Home Network Setup
Learn how to access a router using these steps. Connecting to routers is necessary for setup and also useful when troubleshooting home network issues.

How to Run Computer and Internet Ping Tests
A ping test determines connectivity and also latency (communication delay) between two network devices. Ping tests are helpful network diagnostics.

What Is a Default Gateway on Computer Networks?
In computer networking, a default gateway is the device that passes traffic from the local subnet to devices on other subnets. On home networks, the router serves as the default gateway.

What is Net Neutrality on the Internet?
The term net neutrality refers to the public and political debate over regulation of Internet networks for free access to information and bandwidth.

Computer Networking Projects for Students
High school and university students of computer networking are often asked to complete group projects to study these technologies. Networking projects of many kinds can be developed. Consider these suggestions for student networking projects.

What is a WEP Key in Wi-Fi Networking?
A WEP key is a type of security passcode used on some Wi-Fi wireless networks, although newer and better alternatives for Wi-Fi security exist.

What is a Network DNS Server?
A DNS server computer supports the Domain Name System. Numerous Internet DNS servers maintain a distributed database of domain names and IP addresses.

Default Passwords of Linksys Routers Revealed
All Linksys routers have a default password needed for home network setup. Knowing what it is and how to change it are important.

Finding the Owner of an IP Address on the Internet
Every public IP address used on the Internet is registered to an owner. Follow these instructions to find the owner of a given IP address.

Windows Live Messenger - Download Windows Live Messenger 8.0 8.5 9.0
Windows Live Messenger (formerly MSN Instant Messenger) is a popular P2P Web application. Windows Live Messenger software is available for free download on the Internet. Check these locations to find a Windows Live Messenger Web download.

LTE (Long Term Evolution) - Definition and Description
LTE is a wireless broadband technology designed to support mobile broadband Internet access via cell phones and handheld devices. LTE is sometimes referred to as a 4G (fourth generation) cellular communications technology.

Point to Point Protocol and PPPoE Networking for DSL
PPPoE stands for Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet. Some Internet providers use PPPoE as the way to sign onto their service as illustrated here.

What is a Switch for Computer Networks?
A network switch is a central communication device for local area Ethernet networks. Many home broadband routers feature an embedded Ethernet switch.

What Is a PAN (Personal Area Network)?
A personal area network - PAN - is a computer network organized around an individual person. Personal area networks typically include a mobile computer, a cell phone and/or a handheld computing device such as a PDA.

ARP - Address Resolution Protocol on Computer Networks
ARP - Address Resolution Protocol - converts an IP address to its corresponding physical network address. Ethernet and Wi-Fi networks depend on ARP.

What is VoIP (Voice over Internet Protocol)?
A VoIP system converts the human voice into digital data packets and transmits them in real time across the Internet and other TCP/IP networks.

802.11a Wi-Fi Wireless Networking at a Glance
802.11a is an industry standard technology for wireless LAN communication that isn't much used anymore but led to the development of 802.11 N and AC.

802.11b Wi-Fi in Computer Networking
802.11b is an industry standard technology for wireless LAN (WLAN) communication. 802.11b is one of a series of wireless Ethernet standards in the 802.11 family.

What is WEP - Wired Equivalent Privacy
WEP - Wired Equivalent Privacy - was designed to improve the security of Wi-Fi wireless networks but has been made obsolete by newer technologies.

What Is a Subnet in Computer Networking?
A subnet is a logical grouping of connected network devices. When a subnet is properly implemented, both the performance and security of networks can be improved.

What is an IP Address and What Makes Them So Important?
An IP address is a binary number that identifies devices on TCP/IP networks. Both IPv4 and IPv6 networks use them for discovery and data transfer.

NetBIOS - Net BIOS Networking for Windows
NetBIOS is a protocol for computer communication services on local networks. Microsoft Windows use NetBIOS, and NetBIOS supports both Ethernet and Token Ring networks.

About Network APIs (Application Programming Interfaces)
Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) for network programming including sockets as well as high-level abstractions designed for Web applications.

PSTN - Public Switched Telephone Network
PSTN is the Public Switched Telephone Network, the global collection of interconnects originally designed to support circuit-switched voice communication. Parts of the PSTN are also utilized for DSL, VoIP and other Internet-based network technologies.

IPv6 - Internet Protocol v6
IPv6 is the next generation protocol for Internet Protocol (IP) networking. IPv6 will replace the current IPv4 standard. Compared to IPv4, IPv6 offers better addressing, security and other features to improve support for future growth of worldwide computer networks.

What is Ultra-Wide Band Wireless Technology?
Ultra-Wide Band is a communication method used in wireless networking to achieve high bandwidth connections with low power utilization.

Broadband and Wireless Router Networking
A network router can serve as the core of a home network so computer can connect to the Internet. Read advice on how to choose and install a network router for your home.

Connecting A Printer Or Other Devices To Your Router
A network router can serve as the core of a home network, simplifying how computers and other equipment can connect to each other and share the Internet. Both traditional cabled routers and wireless routers are available. Page 2.

Introduction to Playing Network Games Online
One of the most enjoyable things you can do with a computer network is play connected games with friends and family. To use so-called online games, you may need to upgrade your Internet and local network setup. You should also be prepared to troubleshoot certain types of technical issues commonly associated with online games.

Introduction to Internet Controlled Thermostats
An Internet thermostat is a programmable building thermostat capable of connecting to an Internet protocol (IP) network. Through the IP connection, you can remotely send instructions to an Internet thermostat to turn it on or off or change its programming.