COPD Sitemap - Page 1 2016-09-26

10 Medication Safety Tips for Chronic Disease Patients
If you have a chronic illness, you're probably juggling two or more prescriptions. These safety tips will help you avoid serious medication errors.

How to Quit Smoking: Jessica's Story
When Jessica learned how to quit smoking, she overcame a life consumed by her addiction to cigarettes. Learn how to quit by reading Jessica's story.

Low Sodium Diet for COPD: Getting Started
COPD patients may have a harder time breathing if they consume a diet high in sodium. Follow these tips to reduce sodium in your diet.

Prevent COPD Exacerbation With Flu Shots
Annual flu shots can help prevent COPD exacerbation. Learn more about the flu shot, who should get one, risk factors and when you should get a shot.

Chronic Bronchitis vs Emphysema: What's the Difference?
Chronic bronchitis and emphysema and the two main subtypes of COPD. Chronic bronchitis affects the airways, while emphysema affects the air sacs.

Tips for Fighting Fatigue Related to COPD
While dyspnea remains the primary debilitating symptom behind COPD, fatigue in lung disease is nearly three times more common than in healthy adults.

Tips for COPD Patients in the Hospital for Christmas
Spending Christmas in the hospital is generally not fun, but these seven tips show COPD patients and others how to pass the holiday there.

Summer With COPD: How to Avoid Complications
Summer heat can be dangerous for people with COPD. Here's what you need to know to beat the summer heat and avoid COPD complications.

The Types of Pneumonia and Telling Them Apart
Learn more about the different types of pneumonia, from bacterial to fungal, and how to tell them apart.

Sinus Infection Symptoms and COPD
Many people with COPD complain that they get frequent sinus infections that make their lives miserable. In fact, there is growing evidence to support that there

Can COPD Impact Your Employment?
COPD can impact your ability to work. Here's what you need to know about workplace accommodations, disability and early retirement.

The Effects of Pollution on COPD
The effects of pollution, both indoor and outdoor, are thought to increase the risk for COPD. Learn more about the effects of pollution on COPD.

Anti-Inflammation Diet and COPD
The anti-inflammation diet is an eating plan for life that may help people with COPD feel better. Learn more about an anti-inflammatory diet and COPD.

List of Common Indoor and Outdoor COPD Triggers
COPD triggers can greatly impact your quality of life and land you in the hospital. Learn more about COPD triggers and how to avoid them.

The Pros and Cons of Electronic Cigarettes
If you have COPD, you may be wondering if e-cigarettes can help you quit smoking. Learn the facts about e-cigarette safety and effectiveness.

Pain and COPD - Information on Effective Management
Pain is a significant problem in people who have COPD, but, is often under-recognized. Find out more about pain and COPD.

4 Lung Changes Associated With COPD
Find out more about changes in the lungs that occur because of the COPD disease process, and how these lung changes are responsible for symptoms.

Spirometry Results
Spirometry results are influenced by a variety of factors. Learn more about your spirometer test and how to ensure accurate results.

How Do You Get COPD
Just how do you get COPD? Find out more information about the causes of COPD, risk factors for COPD, symptoms of COPD, diagnosis of COPD, treatment of COPD and prevention of COPD.

Symbicort: More Effective Than Advair in COPD
In an analysis of data collected from the PATHOS trial and published in the Journal of Internal Medicine, researchers found that COPD patients treated with

Combivent MDI vs Combivent Respimat
Back in 2008, I blogged about the FDA's plight to replace inhalers containing chlorofluorocarbons (CFC) with inhalers containing hydrofluoroalkane (HFA) in an

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COPD and Easy Sex Positions
Sexual intimacy is often difficult for COPD patients because COPD symptoms seem to exacerbate during times of strenuous activity. Here are 6 easy, energy saving sex positions for COPD patients to try to better enjoy sexual intimacy.

Are My Symptoms From COPD, Heart Failure, or Both?
Shortness of breath, cough, and wheezing are common symptoms in both COPD and heart failure, and many patients may have both!

I Have COPD—What Happens if I Can't Breathe?
What happens if I have COPD and I can't breathe? This article talks about the options for treatment.

Can I Have Surgery if I Have COPD?
Most patients with COPD will require a lung doctor to clear them for surgery. This is why.

Why People With COPD Struggle to Quit Smoking
Understanding the top five reasons people with COPD can't quit smoking may pave the way to successful smoking cessation and better one's health.

Oxygen Safety Tips - At Home Supplemental Oxygen Safety
If you have COPD and use supplemental oxygen, you need to read these oxygen safety tips. Learn how to avoid common pitfalls of in-home oxygen therapy.

The Benefits of Oxygen Therapy
Despite the many health benefits of long-term oxygen therapy, not enough people with COPD stick with the treatment. Here's why you should.

Top Houseplants that Clean Indoor Air
Indoor air is sometimes more polluted than outdoor air. Find out which houseplants, according to NASA, are the most effective at purifying indoor air.

Complete Guide to Oxygen Therapy for COPD
If you have COPD and been prescribed supplemental oxygen, you're probably wondering how to use it, and more importantly, what its benefits are. Find out more in this comprehensive guide to oxygen therapy.

Diagnosis of Bronchiectasis
A diagnosis of bronchiectasis is sometimes difficult to make, as the disease can be mistaken for other illnesses. Learn more about its diagnosis.

Managing Panic Attacks in COPD
Panic attacks are common among COPD patients. Find out more about how to manage them and breathe easier.

Definition of Pulmonary Tuberculosis
Pulmonary tuberculosis is a lung infection caused by a bacteria. Learn more about the definition of pulmonary tuberculosis.

Partial Pressure of Carbon Dioxide (PaCO2) - Importance in COPD
Measuring the partial pressure of carbon dioxide, or PaC02, is done using arterial blood gases (ABGs). Learn more about PaC02 and ABGs here.

What Is Particle Pollution and Does It Affect Health?
Particle pollution is a form of air pollution that can severely damage your health or even kill you, especially if you have a heart or lung condition.

Top 10 Energy Conservation Techniques for COPD Patients
Learn easy energy conservation techniques that are important for patients with COPD, a progressive lung disease that can deplete your energy.

Transient Nocturnal Desaturation: Common in COPD
Transient nocturnal desaturation, which is common in COPD, means your blood oxygen levels drop while you sleep. Learn about diagnosis and treatment.

Endogenous Substance Definition
Learn the the definition of

The Truth About Herbal and Alternative Remedies for COPD
Herbal remedies have long been thought of to be beneficial as an adjunct to standard medical care. Alternative therapy may also work for COPD.

Best Portable Oxygen Concentrators
Portable oxygen concentrators are essential part of oxygen therapy for the active adult. Compare benefits, features and prices of portable oxygen concentrators.

Save on COPD Medications With These 10 Tips
Learn how to save money on prescription drugs for COPD treatment with these 10 money saving tips, including using generic drugs and online shopping.

Hypoxemia: Definition, Symptoms and Treatment
You have hypoxemia if your blood isn't carrying enough oxygen. Mild hypoxemia is common in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Pulse Oximetry Definition and Uses in Medicine
Doctors use pulse oximetry to see how much oxygen your blood is carrying. It's a useful test in a variety of conditions, including COPD and asthma.

What is Total Lung Capacity?
Total lung capacity refers to the total amount of air in the lungs after taking the deepest breath possible. It's often measured in COPD patients.

Understanding Functional Residual Capacity (FRC)
What is functional reserve capacity (FRC) how is it measured, what conditions cause a decrease in this number, and how are they treated?

What Are the Causes of COPD? - 4 Preventable Causes
Causes of COPD include cigarette smoking, secondhand smoke, air pollution and occupational exposure to irritants with cigarette smoking being the number one cause of COPD.

Heliox May Improve Activity Tolerance in COPD Patients
Heliox is a type of COPD treatment, a combination of helium and oxygen therapy that helps to decrease shortness of breath with exercise.

The Health Risks of Secondhand Smoke
Secondhand smoke, or passive smoking, causes increased risk of respiratory illness, heart disease, lung cancer, asthma, and worsens symptoms of COPD.

Understanding Differential Diagnosis of COPD
A differential diagnosis of COPD is made by your doctor when he is trying to figure out what is wrong with you. Learn more about how doctors come up with differential diagnoses.

Possible COPD Complications: A Comprehensive Guide
Learn the symptoms and treatment for the six most common complications of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and when to seek immediate help.

Bronchiolitis Obliterans: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment
Bronchiolitis obliterans is a serious, irreversible lung condition. It can develop after exposure to toxic fumes or after transplant surgery.

The Top 5 Smoking Cessation Websites to Help You Quit
By visiting the popular smoking cessation websites on this list, you can get the tips and support you need to leave cigarettes and tobacco behind.

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Postural Drainage Positions For COPD Patients
Postural drainage is an airway clearance technique that helps COPD patients clear mucus from their lungs. Learn more about postural drainage positions.

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Traveling With COPD: Preparing, Flying and Staying Well
Traveling with COPD takes some advance work, especially if you're flying or traveling internationally. Follow these 10 tips to stay healthy and safe.

Tips To Manage Shortness of Breath with COPD
Managing shortness of breath can be difficult. Check out these 10 tips to help you cope with breathing problems.

The Lung Flute Product Review
The Lung Flute is an airway clearance device developed by Medical Acoustics. Read this full review of the Lung Flute to see if this device is for you.

How Common Is Reflux and GERD in People with COPD?
People with COPD also have a higher risk of gastroesophageal reflux disorder, or GERD. Learn why this is, and how your doctor might treat your reflux.

Oxygen Saturation - Definition, Measurements, and Deficiency
Oxygen saturation refers to the extent to which hemoglobin is saturated with oxygen. Learn more about the definition of oxygen saturation.

Understanding the 2 Main Types of COPD
There are two different types of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, emphysema, and chronic bronchitis. Learn the difference between the subtypes.

The Health Hazards of Wood Burning Stoves
Wood burning stoves may keep you warm and cozy in the winter, but they can present specific health hazards, especially for those who are particularly susceptible to them. Learn more about the health hazards of wood burning stoves.

What is COPD - Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Learn the facts about COPD, including symptoms, causes, diagnosis, treatment and prevention of this lung disease and how to quit smoking.

11 Steps to Better Indoor Air Quality
Even indoor air can be polluted, sometimes more so than outdoor air. Improving indoor air quality is especially important for people with COPD.

Why Does COPD Cause Chest Tightness?
If you have COPD, you probably experience a feeling of lung or chest tightness from time to time. Why? And could it be a sign of something worse?

Considerations When Seeking COPD Alternative Therapies
First in a series that will help patients and their families make educated, informed decisions about how to approach alternative therapies for COPD.

Things to Stop Doing if You Have COPD
Living with COPD is often difficult, especially when your symptoms worsen. Learn about the things you should stop doing if you are living with COPD.

What COPD Symptoms Are Unique to Women?
With the rise of COPD diagnoses in women, it's important to explore gender differences. Here's what you need to know about COPD symptoms in women.

Understanding V/Q Mismatch (Ventilation/Perfusion)
What is V/Q mismatch (ventilation/perfusion mismatch), why is it important, and what conditions cause this pulmonary function test to be abnormal?

How to Help Someone with COPD
If you're a family member or caretaker of someone with COPD, you probably have questions on how you can help. Find out what you can do.

5 Signs and Symptoms of Lung Infection In COPD
Up to 80 percent of COPD exacerbations are caused by respiratory infections. Learn the common signs of lung infection that you can look out for.

Maintaining Your Sex Life After Your COPD Diagnosis
A diagnosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease does not mean your sex life is over. Learn what you need to do to enjoy sex when you have COPD.

The Complete Guide to COPD Nutrition
Having COPD can sometimes interfere with your body's ability to get the right nutrients. Follow these tips for better eating to help manage COPD.

10 Steps to Living Better When You Have Lung Disease
Lung disease can be a difficult diagnosis to face, but these 10 tips for living better with COPD can help you stay well and breathe more easily.

Emphysema Treatment Overview
The goal of emphysema treatment is to slow the progression of the disease and improve quality of life. Learn more about your options.

COPD and Mucus Production
Some patients with COPD have increased mucus production and secretion because of an over-abundant amount of mucus cells and oversized mucus glands. ​

Foods That May Worsen COPD Symptoms
Are there really foods that may worsen COPD symptoms? Some people think so. Check out the following list to see which are the most common.

Medical Oxygen Supplies Covered by Medicare
Medical oxygen is covered by Medicare under certain conditions. Find out more about what medical oxygen supplies Medicare will cover.

Treatment Options for Stage III, Severe COPD
Having severe COPD means that you are in Stage III of the disease. Learn the recommended treatment guidelines for Stage III, moderate COPD.

Stage II, Moderate COPD Treatment Guidelines
If you have moderate COPD, then you are in Stage II of the disease Learn what treatment options are available to you for Stage II, moderate COPD.

Does Mouth Breathing Affect My Oxygen Levels?
Many people with COPD wonder how mouth breathing affects their oxygen levels. Learn more about mouth breathing and COPD.

Aids to Help You Stop Smoking
Stop smoking aids can help you become a successful non-smoker. Learn some different types of stop smoking aids with this comprehensive guide.

What Are the Symptoms of Chronic Bronchitis?
Symptoms of chronic bronchitis include a long-term cough, increased mucus production, shortness of breath and frequent clearing of the throat.

Learn About Types of Bronchiectasis Treatment
Bronchiectasis treatment includes antibiotics, expectorants, flu shots, postural drainage, chest physiotherapy and surgical lung resection.

Metered-Dose Inhalers to Wet Nebulizers - A Comparison
Which is better, metered-dose inhalers or nebulizers for the treatment of COPD? Find out the answer to this and other related questions.

What Does Bronchoconstriction Mean?
Bronchoconstriction is a term used often in asthma and COPD. Learn the definition of bronchoconstriction.

Overview of Dyspnea - Signs and Symptoms
The definition of dyspnea is better understood as shortness of breath and is the most common symptom of COPD.

Diagnosis of COPD
A diagnosis of COPD is made in part by history and physical, arterial blood gases, CBC, chest X-ray, CT scan, and pulmonary function tests.

Obesity Worsens COPD Symptoms, Impacts Quality of Life
There is increasing evidence that obesity and COPD are inter-related. Obesity causes COPD symptoms to worsen and decreases exercise tolerance.

What is AAT Deficiency? - Definition
AAT deficiency, or Alpha-1-antitrypsin deficiency, is an inherited condition caused by lack of a protective protein called alpha-1-antitrypsin (AAT).

Guide to Surgical Treatment for COPD
Have you tried a variety of medications to alleviate your symptoms of COPD and nothing seems to work? Surgical treatment may be something to consider.

Pulmonary Function Tests (PFTs) for COPD
Pulmonary function tests (PFTs) are used to help diagnose COPD and other lung diseases. Learn about spirometry test results and how to interpret them.

Emphysema Causes, Symptoms and Treatment
Emphysema is a type of COPD marked by a permanent enlargement of the airways. Emphysema has an insidious onset and is progressive. There is no cure for emphysema but treatment may improve quality of life.

A Look at Medical Marijuana and COPD
Smoking marijuana may cause or worsen respiratory problems, but some claim that marijuana in pill form is a good alternative for those with COPD.

5 therapies that can prolong life in COPD
Only five therapies have been shown to prolong the lives of patients with COPD. Learn more about what works.

About the Hazards of Cigarette Smoking
Cigarette smoking is hazardous to your health. It's a wonder then, why so many people do it. Learn the hazards of cigarette smoking.

The Basics of Inhaler Therapies that Treat COPD
Though there are different names and brands of COPD medications, almost all the inhaled medicines fall into simply into one of three categories. Learn more.

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Complete Guide to COPD Treatment
Learn more about COPD treatment, which includes everything from smoking cessation to steroids to pulmonary rehabilitation.

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What Are the Survival Rates for Patients With COPD?
This article will discuss five basic questions that may help when trying to determine life expectancy for patients with COPD.

Are e-Cigarettes Safe? Get the facts.
In an effort to help you get the real facts about e-cigarettes, here are some very brief summaries of some research studies on e-cigarettes

Understanding the Risks Related to COPD and Anesthesia
Learn about the risks associated with anesthesia when you have a ​chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (COPD) and what you can do to minimize them.

FEV1/FVC - Ratio of FEV1 to FVC - Spirometry
What is FEV1/FVC, what does it measure, and how does this value help differentiate obstructive from restrictive lung diseases?

Acid-Base Balance Definition and Abnormalities
What is acid-base balance? What does it mean if you have acidosis or alkalosis, and what conditions may cause this?

What Are Normal Adult Vital Signs?
Quickly learn how to check the vital signs of COPD patients and the normal ranges for each one. Abnormal vital signs can indicate an emergency.

5 Reasons Your COPD Inhalers May Not Be Working
Are you puffing and puffing on your inhalers but not feeling any benefit? Before throwing out your inhaler in frustration, consider these five tips.

5 Reasons You Should Exercise If You Have COPD
Starting an exercise program when you have COPD is no easy task, but here are some of the reasons why it may be worth giving it a try.

This Is the Number One Inhaler for COPD
Though many inhalers are used to treat COPD, research has shown that one type stands above the others.

Recent advances in COPD Treatment You Should Know About
Examples of new therapies for patient with COPD that have been vetted by clinical research studies.

Spiriva Medication Benefits and Side Effects
Spiriva (tiotropium) is a bronchodilator medication used for maintenance treatment of COPD. Learn more with this complete guide to Spiriva.

All About BiPAP Theapy for COPD
How is BiPAP, or bi-level positive airway pressure, a form of noninvasive ventilation, used to help people with COPD and how does it differ from CPAP?

Bronchiectasis Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment
Bronchiectasis is a type of COPD characterized by a chronic dilation of the bronchi and bronchioles and is caused by a variety of conditions.

Guide to Advance Care Planning
Resources that help patients make informed decisions at end-of-life come in many forms. Learn more about what you can use to make and share decisions.

Definition of Arterial Blood Gases (ABGs)
Also known as ABGs, arterial blood gases are diagnostic tests performed by taking blood from an artery to assess how well the lungs are able to provide adequate oxygen to the body and subsequently remove carbon dioxide.

Can a Wearable Fitness Tracker Help Patients With COPD?
I tested out a Withings Pulse oximeter and fitness tracker for two months to see if the device could be useful for patients with COPD.

What Is a Bullectomy?
If you have COPD and giant bullae, your doctor may recommend a bullectomy, a surgical procedure to remove giant bullae, or air spaces, from the lungs.

What Is Secondary Polycythemia?
Similar to primary PV, secondary polycythemia is a disorder that causes an over-production of red blood cells—just the cause is different.

Treating COPD With Spiriva
Patients with COPD are often prescribed Spiriva as a daily maintenance medicine. Here is what you need to know about side effects and interactions

Improving Exercise Tolerance in COPD
The following strategies may help you improve your exercise tolerance and decrease shortness of breath when you exercise.

Don't Combine These COPD Medicines
Double check this table to make sure you can use your COPD inhalers together.

Does My Chest X-Ray Show COPD?
I like to feature questions from the COPD Forum in blog posts, especially if the question has the potential for high appeal to a vast COPD

What Are the Tests Used for an Emphysema Diagnosis?
Making a diagnosis of emphysema starts with a thorough history and a physical, and then proceeds with a battery of tests including chest x-rays.

Does Regular Marijuana Smoking Lead to COPD?
Because marijuana is the second most commonly smoked substance in our society after tobacco, the answer to this question is not only relevant, but of vital

How Often Should I Change My Nasal Cannula?
A nasal cannula is an oxygen delivery device frequently used by patients with COPD. Here's what you need to know to prevent infection.

How Can I Reduce My Risk of Getting Pneumonia?
People with COPD are at increased risk of having life-threatening pneumonia. Learn 4 simple ways to help prevent serious pneumonia for patients with COPD.

What Are Mucolytic Agents?
Mucolytics are a type of medication sometimes used as part of COPD treatment to help clear mucus from the airways. Here's what you need to know.

10 Common Inhalers for COPD: Ingredients and Use
Inhalers for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease are a mainstay of treatment. Learn about 10 common inhalers and how they're used in COPD.​

Pros and Cons of Glucocorticoids (Corticosteroids)
Glucocorticoids, or steroids and not indicated for stable COPD due to their multiple side effects but are useful during episodes of acute exacerbation of COPD and are used more often during these times.

What Is Forced Vital Capacity (FVC)?
What is the definition of forced vital capacity (FVC), how is it done, what does it measure, and what is its importance in diagnosis of lung diseases?

Bronchodilators in the Treatment of COPD
Bronchodilators are medications that relax the airways of the lungs making it easier to breathe. Learn about how bronchodilators can help treat COPD.

The Effects of Diabetes and High Blood Sugar on COPD
Many people with COPD also have diabetes. Learn more about the combination of these two medical problems.

How To Secondhand Smoke When Traveling
In people with COPD, secondhand smoke is extremely hazardous. Learn how to protect yourself from secondhand smoke while traveling.

Guidelines For the MMRC Dyspnea Scale
What is the MMRC dyspnea scale, what is it used to predict, and what does it tell you about your disability in living with COPD?

Five Techniques to Clear Mucus From the Lungs
Learning how to clear mucus from the lungs is an important part of COPD treatment. Follow these 4 tips to help you clear mucus so you can breathe better.

What Is Hypercapnia?
What is hypercapnia, what are the mechanisms that cause this symptom, and how it is treated?

BODE Index for Predicting COPD Moraltiy
How does the BODE index help predict mortality from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and what does this tool measure?

Deciphering the Language of COPD
Distinguishing the terms 'COPD', 'emphysema' and 'chronic bronchitis' may be confusing because they are often used incorrectly or interchangeably.

Defining the Partial Pressure of Oxygen (Pa02)
What is the partial pressure of oxygen (PaO2), how does it differ from oxygen saturation (PaO2) and why is it important in medicine and hypoxia?

Factors Associated With COPD Life Expectancy
COPD life expectancy may be a topic that many patients don't care to talk about. Actually, there are several key factors associated with COPD life expectancy. Learn what they are and how they are connected to COPD prognosis.

Frequently Asked Questions About COPD
If you are newly diagnosed with COPD, you may find yourself with a lot of questions. Take a look at this FAQ with quick answers and in-depth articles.

Differences Between COPD, Bronchitis, and Pneumonia
The terms pneumonia, bronchitis and COPD exacerbation are often used interchangeably. However, there are key differences that warrant explanation.

Comorbid Conditions Associated With COPD
Comorbid conditions are common in COPD and dramatically impact the severity of the disease. Learn more about which conditions you should be aware of.

What Comes First Bronchodilator or the Steroid Inhaler?
Which inhaler should you use first, your bronchodilator ihaler or your corticosteroid for asthma or COPD and what are 2 good reasons why?

Take the Test: How Well Controlled Is Your COPD?
Clinicians may use the COPD Assessment Test (CAT) to determine how well controlled a patient's COPD is. Take the test here.

Families to Loved Ones: "Why Won't You Quit Smoking!?"
One way friends and family can help a loved one who is struggling with smoking is to consider the Stages of Change theory.

How Controlled Coughing Helps COPD
Controlled coughing can help clear your airways. Here's how it works and what you need to know about an ineffective cough and an effective cough.

Complete Guide to Advair for COPD
If you have COPD, your doctor may prescribe Advair to keep you breathing more easily. Learn how to use Advair and what side effects to expect from it.

What to Expect at a COPD History and Physical
A proper COPD diagnosis starts with a thorough history and physical with your doctor. Learn what to expect and questions your doctor may ask.

Can COPD Be Reversed?
Can COPD be reversed? While the unfortunate answer is that it cannot be reversed, there are things you can do to control symptoms.

Why Do COPD and Heart Failure Go Hand in Hand?
Many people with COPD also have heart failure. Discover why these conditions often co-exist, and how having both can impact your prognosis.

COPD Risk Factors
COPD is the third leading cause of death in the U.S. Being aware of the risk factors for COPD may increase your awareness and get medical help faster.

Can I Drink Alcohol if I Have COPD?
COPD and alcohol, when combined, may cause adverse outcomes. Learn whether it is okay to drink when you have COPD and just how much is too much.

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A Step by Step Guide to How Clinicians Diagnose COPD
To diagnose COPD, clinicians consider a patient’s symptoms, exposures, and breathing tests to make (or not make) the diagnosis of COPD.

COPD Pathophysiology and How Your Lungs Work
COPD pathophysiology is characterized by degeneration and destruction of the lungs and their supporting tissue.

Which Antioxidants Might Benefit COPD Patients?
Certain antioxidants may eventually help treat COPD, but don't stock up on vitamins just yet. Here's what we know (and don't know) about their role.

6 Questions to Assess Your Copd Risk
COPD is the third leading cause of the death in the U.S. This self-assessment questionnaire will help you determine your COPD risk.

What Is the 6-Minute Walk Test?
Learn helpful tips on how to prepare for and what to expect during a 6-minute walk test. Know if you need to stop the test while it's happening.

CT Scan - What Is a CT of the Chest?
A CT of the chest may be done on patients who have COPD to help doctors determine the presence of an infection or if there has been a change in symptoms. Learn more about the definition of CT of the chest.

When is COPD an Emergency and When Should You Call Your Doctor
When are the symptoms of COPD an emergency and when should you call your doctor. Learn about these symptoms a head of time to prepare.

What Is End Stage COPD?
End stage refers to the last phase in the course of a progressive disease. But where, exactly, does end stage COPD fall in terms of COPD staging?

Pulmonary Hygiene for COPD: What Are the Benefits?
Pulmonary hygiene (also known as pulmonary toilet) is used to help people with lung disease clear mucus. Learn what it involves and how well it works.

Chronic Cough: Symptoms, Causes and Treatments
A chronic cough is a cough that's lasted eight weeks or more. Learn why people cough and the three most common causes, plus many less likely causes.

What is Hypoxia?
If you have COPD, you could be at risk for hypoxia. Learn about the definition of hypoxia plus causes, side effects, treatments and prevention options.

Expiratory Reserve Volume: Definition and Uses
Expiratory reserve volume is an important lung function test that can help your doctor diagnose the reason for breathing problems or chronic cough.

A Guide to COPD Breathing Exercises
If you have COPD, several types of breathing exercises can help you strengthen your diaphragm, relieve shortness of breath and clear your airways.

How to Break the Dyspnea Cycle in COPD
When you have COPD, anxiety over breathlessness can lead to more trouble breathing. Learn about this phenomenon, which is known as the dyspnea cycle.

The Best Exercises for COPD Patients
Learning the basics of exercising with COPD will get you well on your way to living a healthier lifestyle. Here are the best exercises for COPD patients.

4 Airway Clearance Devices for COPD
Airway clearance devices may help COPD patients clear mucus from their lungs. See what the research says about the pros and cons of four such devices.

Information About COPD and Sleep Apnea
COPD and sleep apnea often coexist within an individual. Learn more about COPD and sleep apnea.

Chronic Bronchitis Diagnosis Guide
A diagnosis of chronic bronchitis can only be determined by your doctor. Find out more about how your doctor goes about diagnosing chronic bronchitis.

9 Exercise DVDs to Help COPD Patients Improve Breathing
Exercise is hard when you have COPD, but these nine exercise DVDs can help: they're geared for seniors and people with illnesses, including COPD.

Information About COPD Treatment Guidelines
COPD treatment guidelines are set forth by the Global Initiative for Obstructive Lung Disease and are optimized for every stage of the disease. Learn more about the treatment guidelines for Stage I, Stage II, Stage III, and Stage IV COPD.

How to Tell If You Have Chronic Bronchitis
Learn the causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of chronic bronchitis, an irritation of the lungs that is a type of COPD.

Overview of Pneumonia Risks and COPD
Learn why is pneumonia is a serious medical condition particularly for people with COPD, how it is diagnosed and treated, and what you can do to prevent it.

Top 10 COPD Myths Debunked
COPD is an irreversible lung disease caused primarily by smoking. But like any disease, there are myths about the disease that are not based on fact. Learn the truth about the top 10 COPD myths and finally debunk them.

9 Practical Christmas Gift Ideas for COPD Patients
If you are looking for Christmas gift ideas for the COPD patient, look no further. Here are 10 Christmas gift ideas that every COPD patient may need.

COPD, Anxiety, and Depression: Medications That May Help
People with COPD often also have anxiety and depression. Learn what medications can (and can't) be used to treat these mental health conditions.

A Guide to Treatment For COPD
Learning all you can about COPD inhalers is important for COPD management.

Information About Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
If you have chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or COPD, learn about five things that everyone should know about COPD including COPD symptoms, COPD treatment, quitting smoking and how to prevent COPD exacerbation.

COPD Treatment for Non Smokers - Lung Diseases
The statistics surrounding COPD in the never-smoker are startling. Learn more about COPD and the never-smoker.

COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) Symptoms
COPD symptoms include a chronic cough, increased sputum production, dyspnea, wheezing and chest tightness. Other COPD symptoms include fatigue, anorexia and weight loss.

7 Tips to Avoiding Shortness of Breath When Eating
People with COPD often experience shortness of breath while eating. Learn how to avoid shortness of breath when eating with these 7 steps.

Definition of Diffuse Panbronchiolitis
Diffuse panbronchiolitis is a rare lung disease that is sometimes included when making a differential diagnosis of COPD.

Treatment for Very Severe COPD
Very severe COPD is classified as Stage IV, or end stage COPD. Learn more about recommended treatment guidelines for very severe, Stage IV COPD.

Slowing Down Lung Function Decline in COPD Patients
There are reasons for quitting smoking even after a COPD diagnosis. Lung function decline in COPD should slow down after smoking cessation.

What Do My Spirometry Results Mean?
A spirometry test is a type of pulmonary function test that helps doctors diagnose the presence and severity of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Spirometry - Definition of Spirometry
Spirometry is a test that measures the amount of air entering and leaving the lungs. Learn more about the definition of spirometry.

Healthy Super Foods to Include in a COPD Diet
The following list of super foods should be considered in every COPD diet. Include these 6 ultimate super foods on your grocery list to eat your way to better health with COPD.

What Causes Increased Mucus Production in COPD?
Increased mucus production is a common symptom of COPD. What causes this, how can it be treated, and what can you do to cope with and prevent it?

Oxygen Saturation and Shortness of Breath in COPD
Why can both heart failure and skeletal muscle alterations cause shortness of breath with normal oxygen saturation in people with COPD?

COPD and Death: Managing End of Life Issues
If the death of a loved one with COPD is approaching, it's time to deal with managing their end of life issues. This article explores these issues.

Obstructive Versus Restrictive Lung Diseases
What are the differences between obstructive and restrictive lung diseases and how do spirometry tests such as FVC and FEV1 help distinguish them?

Stage 1, Mild COPD - Treatment Plan
Mild COPD is classified by the the Global Initiative for Obstructive Lung Disease as Stage I COPD. Learn more about treatment for mild COPD.

Why Does COPD Cause My Legs and Ankles to Swell?
Some people with COPD may find their feet and ankles swell. This swelling (known as edema) is from pulmonary hypertension, a complication of COPD.

What Is Transtracheal Oxygen Therapy for COPD Patients?
If you have COPD and conventional oxygen therapy isn't working well, your doctor may suggest transtracheal oxygen therapy. Learn more about it.

What Is the Diaphragm and How Does COPD Affect It?
Your diaphragm is a large muscle in your chest that helps you breathe by compressing and releasing your lungs. It doesn't work correctly in COPD.

What is Pneumothorax?
Pneumothorax, the accumulation of air or gas in the space between the lung and the chest wall, is a COPD complication. Here's what you need to know.

Cyanosis Definition, Symptoms and Causes
When your skin turns blue or purplish, that's cyanosis - it occurs when your blood isn't carrying enough oxygen. Cyanosis can be a medical emergency.

COPD Exacerbation - Symptoms, Causes, and Treatments
What causes COPD exacerbations, what are the symptoms, how are they treated, and what can you do yourself to prevent these episodes from happening?

What is Noninvasive Ventilation?
Noninvasive ventilation, or NIPPV, such as CPAP and BiPAP, can be used to treat patients during COPD exacerbations. Here's what you need to know.

Vitamin D Deficiency and COPD
Vitamin D deficiency is highly prevalent in COPD. Learn more about what to do about Vitamin D deficiency in COPD.

Vitamins and COPD
There is growing evidence to support the beneficial relationship between vitamins and COPD. The following includes a list vitamins (and minerals) that you may want to consider adding to your COPD diet.

Guide to Treatment of Chronic Bronchitis
Treatment of chronic bronchitis involves keeping the airways open, facilitating removal of secretions and preventing further disability. Find our more about chronic bronchitis treatment.

COPD
COPD.

COPD
COPD.

Respiratory System - Tour the Respiratory System
Tour the respiratory system to find out how your lungs work. The respiratory system is composed of the nasal cavity (nose), pharynx (throat), larynx (voice box), trachea (windpipe), bronchial tree, alveoli (air sacs) and lungs.

COPD
COPD.

COPD
COPD.

COPD
COPD.

Complete Guide to Lung Transplants for COPD
Some people with advanced chronic obstructive pulmonary disease might qualify for lung transplant surgery. Learn about the possible risks and benefits.

5 Tips for Reducing Shortness of Breath in Cold Weather
Shortness of breath and other COPD symptoms can be a real problem in cold weather. These 5 tips for will help.

Tips on How to Live and Cope With COPD
Living with COPD can be challenging. Learn more about living with chronic lung disease, including tips on safety, breathing, diet, and more.

The Truth About Antibiotics and COPD
Contrary to popular belief, antibiotics are effective in treating only a select group of patients who experience COPD exacerbations.

Using Pulse Oximetry to Monitor COPD
There are many benefits to using pulse oximetry if you have COPD. Learn about the pros and cons of using a pulse oximeter to monitor oxygen saturation.

Dealing with Strong Emotions When You Have COPD
When you have COPD, the emotional effects can be unbearable. Learn how to cope with the depression, anxiety, fears and regrets you may experience.

Differences Between Asthma and COPD
Is it asthma or is it COPD? Distinguishing between the two can be quite challenging, even for medical professionals.

Walking - The Benefit of Walking For People With COPD
Walking is a low-impact exercise which can help people with COPD utilize oxygen more efficiently. Walking can also help you to quit smoking. Walking helps reduce stress, improves depression and lowers your risk of disease. Find out how to implement a simple walking program into your daily life.

The 10 Most Important Things to Bring to the Hospital
Being admitted to the hospital can be stressful, so having a hospital packing list will help you to remember the most important things that you should bring with you during your hospital stay.

Tachypnea in People with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
What is the definition of tachypnea, what causes it, and why is it important for people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)?

Hypercapnia Symptoms, Causes and Treatments
Hypercapnia occurs when there is too much carbon dioxide in the blood. Learn about hypercapnia symptoms, as well as the treatments available.

Hyperinflated Lungs and COPD
Most people with COPD have hyperinflated lungs. Here are the basics about hyperinflated lungs and how the COPD complication can affect your health.

How To Use an Incentive Spirometer
An incentive spirometer is a device that can help strengthen your lungs and is a common therapy for people with COPD. Here's what you need to know.

What Are the Symptoms of Emphysema?
Symptoms of emphysema are insidious in nature and progressive. Learn more about symptoms of emphysema and how to control them.

What are Symptoms of Bronchiectasis
Symptoms of bronchiectasis develop gradually and sometimes do not appear for a long period of time. Symptoms of bronchiectasis include chronic cough, large amounts of foul-smelling sputum, hemoptysis, dyspnea, weight loss, fatigue, weakness, clubbing, wheezing and repeated lung infections.

How to Use a Bronchodilator Inhaler Properly
Learning how to use a bronchodilator for your chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is important and takes a little practice. Learn the steps here.

COPD Diet - Getting Extra Calories for a COPD Diet
A good COPD diet includes enough extra calories to meet the increased caloric requirement that people with COPD need for breathing. Learn what foods choices you should be making to get the extra calories you need.

COPD
COPD.

COPD
COPD.

COPD
COPD.

COPD
COPD.

How to Use a Nebulizer: A Step-by-Step Photo Guide
Your nebulizer is designed to push your COPD medication deep into your lungs. This step-by-step photo guide will show you exactly how to use it.

COPD
COPD.

COPD
COPD.

How to Prevent Nasal Dryness in COPD
Common COPD treatments, including supplemental oxygen, can cause a dry nose. Learn about the products that help remoisturize your nasal passages.

Understanding the 4 Stages of COPD
If you've been diagnosed with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), the next step will be understanding the four stages of COPD.

COPD Exacerbation - Preventing COPD Exacerbation
Preventing COPD exacerbation is paramount to the management of COPD. This is because exacerbations can cause severe illness and sometimes even death. Learn how to prevent COPD exacerbation.

Can the COPD Drug Spiriva Increase Your Stroke Risk?
Federal regulators once had concerns that Spiriva would increase the risk of stroke, but found those fears were groundless after doing more research.

Basic Nutritional Guidelines for Following a COPD Diet
Learn more about nutritional guidelines for people who have COPD and how diet can help provide the energy to breathe better and enjoy daily living.

Tips for COPD and Getting Enough Sleep
Sleep disturbances are common in COPD. Find out more about the do's and don'ts of proper sleep hygiene in COPD.

10 Tips to Make Your Smoking Cessation Program Succeed
Starting a smoking cessation program can be tough. If you are serious about quitting, these 10 quit smoking tips may help. Kick the habit -- for good.

Pulmonary Rehabilitation Benefits for COPD Patients
Pulmonary rehabilitation can help people with COPD learn how to manage their condition. The programs are proven to improve health and quality of life.

10 Questions to Ask Your Doctor About COPD
If you've been diagnosed with COPD, you may want to ask your doctor these questions about your condition's causes, possible treatments, and prognosis.

Home Pulmonary Rehab Exercise Equipment
With the right pulmonary rehab exercise equipment, you can bring pulmonary rehab exercises home. Learn more about pulmonary rehab exercise equipment and pulmonary rehab exercises.

Severe COPD - Preventing Severe COPD
Severe COPD can be disabling to patients. Learn how to keep your COPD from getting worse and becoming severe COPD.

What Is Postural Drainage In COPD?
Postural drainage is an airway clearance method that takes advantage of gravity and is helpful for patients with COPD. Here's what you need to know.

Pros and Cons of Pet Therapy for COPD
The use of pet therapy for COPD patients has not yet been established, but there are some things that we do know about it through additional research. Learn more about the pros and cons of pet therapy for COPD patients.

How Vibration is Performed During Chest Physiotherapy
Vibration is an airway clearance technique that is applied during postural drainage to help COPD patients clear mucus from the airways.

Daliresp (Roflumilast) and Phosphodiesterase-4 Inhibitors for COPD
Taking the Phosphodiesterase-4 inhibitor Daliresp (roflumilast) for COPD treatment. What are the benefits, risks, and side effects?

Oxygen Emergency Tips for People with COPD
If you use supplemental oxygen, these tips will help you plan ahead for an emergency where you lose power and can't run your oxygen supply.

Oxy-View for Oxygen-Dependent Patients Full Review
Oxy-View is a revolutionary new product which has been developed to help be more comfortable and discreet when wearing their oxygen cannula. Read this full review of Oxy-View to understand how the product works and what styles are available for purchase.

Forced Expiratory Volume in One Second
Forced expiratory volume in one second, or FEV1, is a marker used to measure lung function, and can help you monitor your COPD over time.

My Cough Won't Go Away! Common Causes of Chronic Cough
Chronic cough is a very annoying and bothersome symptom. But what are the top causes of cough?

Respiratory Stimulants and COPD
A respiratory stimulant is used in patients with COPD to help increase the urge to breathe, causing an increase in respiratory rate and tidal volume.

Should I be screened for lung cancer with a CT scan?
Although it seems like a good idea, routine screening for lung cancer for all people may not be a good idea.

Understanding Common COPD Medications
Learn about COPD medications and therapies, including bronchodilators, corticosteroids, antibiotics, oxygen therapy and flu and pneumonia vaccines.

Part 2 of 3: Alternative Therapies for COPD
Information about how patients can participate in clinical research studies and what should be considered prior to enrolling in research.

Preventing Acute Exacerbations of COPD
In the recent edition of Chest, experts made recommendations for the prevention of acute COPD exacerbations. The recommendations were based on scientific evidence that was reviewed and agreed upon by a panel of leading COPD experts.

How Do I Perform Pursed Lip Breathing?
Pursed lip breathing is a breathing technique to help control shortness of breath. Learn how to do pursed lip breathing by following a simple technique.

How to Perform Shoulder Rolls
Shoulder rolls help by increasing flexibility, preventing joint stiffness and improving posture and balance. Learn how to increase the flexibility of your shoulders with shoulder rolls.

How to Use a Spiriva HandiHaler for COPD
Using a Spiriva HandiHaler for your COPD takes a little practice. Learn the correct way to use and maintain the device with this step-by-step guide.

What are Lung Diffusion Tests and How Are They Used?
Lung diffusion tests are used to determine lung function in COPD, asthma and other conditions. Learn how the test is performed and what to expect.

COPD
COPD.

Lung Transplant - Guide to Lung Transplant
Lung transplant is a possible surgical option for those with COPD specifically end-stage emphysema who meet specific criteria. Visit the lung transplant image gallery for a step-by-step photo guide to lung transplantation.

COPD
COPD.

COPD
COPD.

COPD
COPD.

Cor Pulmonale: A COPD Complication
Cor pulmonale is a complication of COPD resulting in an enlargement or failure of the right side of the heart. Here's what you need to know.

COPD and the Pneumonia Vaccine: What You Need to Know
People with COPD are at high risk for developing pneumococcal pneumonia. Here's what you need to know about vaccines for the infectious condition.

Oxygen Therapy (Benefits and Safety Tips)
There are many benefits to oxygen therapy, especially if you have COPD or other chronic diseases. Learn the benefits of supplemental oxygen and why oxygen safety tips are important.

How to Deal with Insensitive Comments about COPD
If you have COPD you've probably experienced some stigma and blame surrounding your diagnosis. Don't let insensitive comments phase you.

Can I Get COPD If I Have Never Smoked?
Not all patients who have COPD smoke cigarettes. There are several risk factors besides smoking cigarettes that may put someone at risk for developing COPD.

Chest Percussion: What It Is and How It's Used in COPD
Chest percussion can help someone with COPD or another lung condition to loosen and expel built-up mucus. Learn how it's performed.

Expectorants and COPD
Expectorants are a common cough medicine that thins and loosens mucus. Here's what you need to know about their role in the treatment of COPD.

What Is Clubbing?
Clubbing is an enlargement of the ends of the fingers and a downward sloping of the nails. It can be a sign other lung disorders in patients with COPD.

Azithromycin: More than just an antibiotic for COPD patients
For patients who have frequent COPD exacerbations, using daily low-dose azithromycin may help reduce exacerbation frequency and improve symptoms associated with COPD

Barrel Chest: Expanded Rib Cage Often Found in COPD
A 'barrel chest' - an expanded rib cage that makes your upper body look round - is common in COPD and other conditions. Learn what it means.

- By Category
An index of categories in the

When Can I Stop Using Oxygen for My COPD?
Many patients go home from a hospitalization requiring oxygen, but perhaps do not need it continued once they recover.

Can Chronic Stress Make Your COPD Worse?
Chronic stress has been linked to everything from sleepless nights and being overweight to heart disease and stroke.

Inhalers - How to Use Inhalers
If you have COPD, then your doctor has probably prescribed an inhaler for you. Learn more about how to use inhalers, including your bronchodilator inhaler, nebulizer or metered dose inhaler to better manage your COPD treatment.

User Answers - COPD User Answers
User answers are a fun, interactive tool developed by About.com in an effort to help readers share their own experiences and be part of actual About.com articles.

Quit Smoking - Learn to Quit Smoking
Are you a former smoker who has managed to quit smoking? Share your quit smoking success story with these quit smoking user answers.

Complications - COPD Complications
Complications of COPD can be dangerous, even life-threatening. Share your story about COPD complications.

Living With COPD - User Answers For Living With COPD
Living with COPD can be challenging. Share your experiences about living with COPD by commenting in these COPD User Answers.

Rules for Traveling With Oxygen On Airplanes
Thanks to the Department of Transportation, traveling with oxygen has never been easier. Find out how to travel with oxygen with safety and comfort in mind.

Kneeling Face to Face Position - Picture of Kneeling Face to Face Position
The kneeling face to face position is an excellent alternative to the standard missionary position and easy for COPD patients to accomplish. Page 7.

Side to Side Position - Picture of Side to Side Position
The Side to Side Position is an easy sex position for COPD patients to manage during sexual intimacy. Page 3.

Scissors Position - Picture of Scissors Position
The Scissors Position is an easy sex position for COPD patients to manage during sexual intimacy. Page 6.

Intersection Position - Picture of the Intersection Position
The Intersection Position is an easy sex position for COPD patients to manage during sexual intimacy. Page 5.

Cross Position - Picture of Cross Position
The Cross Position is an easy sex positions for COPD patients to manage during sexual intimacy. Page 2.

Spoon Position - Picture of Spoon Position
The Spoon Position is an easy sex position for COPD patients to manage during sexual intimacy.

Woman on Top Position - Picture of Woman on Top Position
The Woman on Top Position is an easy sex position for COPD patients to manage during sexual intimacy. Page 4.

What is Exercise Tolerance?
Exercise tolerance is decreased in people with COPD. Here's what you need to know an exercise tolerance test

Malnutrition in COPD: Causes, Symptoms and Prevention
Many people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease suffer from malnutrition. Learn the causes, the symptoms and how to prevent this problem.

How to Use a Nebulizer: Putting the Device Together
Nebulizers, which you use to get medicine into your lungs, are designed for patients to assemble easily and quickly. This photo guide shows you how. Page 2.

How to Use a Nebulizer: Filling the Medicine Cup
Before you use a nebulizer to get medicine into your lungs, you need to fill the medicine cup on the device. Be careful not to spill any. Page 3.

How to Use a Nebulizer: Attach the Hose and Mouthpiece
When you're using a nebulizer with COPD or asthma medication, you'll have a choice of a mask or mouthpiece. Both can attach by hose to the nebulizer. Page 4.

How to Use a Nebulizer: Breathing into the Mouthpiece
Using a nebulizer to get medication into your lungs takes about 15 to 20 minutes for each dose. You need to breathe deeply until you're done. Page 5.

How to Use a Nebulizer: Face Mask vs. Mouthpiece
Studies show that using a face mask with a nebulizer works just as well as using a mouthpiece, so don't worry if you prefer the mask. Page 6.

How to Use a Nebulizer: Cleaning Your Device after Use
It's important to clean a nebulizer properly after each time you use it to deliver medication to your lungs. Follow the manufacturer's instructions. Page 7.

How to Use a Nebulizer: A Step-by-Step Photo Guide
Nebulizers can help you get medication deep into your lungs. They're easy to use - this step-by-step guide will show you how.

Respiratory Failure: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment
Respiratory failure occurs when your lungs fail to bring oxygen into your body and remove carbon dioxide. Learn the causes, symptoms and treatment.

Upper Lobes Anterior Segments
Postural drainage positions include the upper lobe anterior segments to clear mucus from the upper lobes of the lungs. Page 6.

Lingula
Postural drainage is an airway clearance technique to help clear mucus from the lungs. See a picture of the Lingula postural drainage position. Page 7.

Middle Lobe
Postural drainage is an airway clearance technique that helps COPD patients clear mucus from their lungs. Learn how to perform postural drainage of the middle lobe. Page 8.

Lower Lobes Anterior Basal Segments
Postural drainage is an airway clearance technique that helps COPD patients clear mucus from their lungs. Learn how to perform postural drainage of the anterior basal segments of the lungs. Page 9.

Lower Lobes Posterior Basal Segments
Postural drainage is an airway clearance technique that helps COPD patients clear mucus from their lungs. Learn how to perform postural drainage of the posterior basal segments of the lungs. Page 10.

Lower Lobes Superior Segments
Postural drainage is an airway clearance technique that helps COPD patients clear mucus from their lungs. Learn how to perform postural drainage of the lower lobes superior segments of the lungs. Page 12.

Correct Hand Position for Vibration
Vibration, coupled with chest percussion is a technique done during postural drainage to help COPD patients clear their airways of mucus. Page 3.

Correct Hand Position for Chest Percussion
Chest percussion involves using cupped hands and clapping on certain areas of the patient's back and chest for the purpose of loosening mucus, making it easier to cough up. Page 2.

Upper Lobe Apical Segment
Postural drainage helps clear mucus from the lungs. Learn more about the many positions for postural drainage. Page 4.

Diagram of the External Lung Anatomy
The external lung anatomy is almost as intricate as the internal. Here is a picture of the external anatomy of the lungs.

Upper Lobe Posterior Segments
Postural drainage positions include the upper lobe posterior segments to help drain mucus from the lungs. Page 5.

Lower Lobes Lateral Basal Segments
Postural drainage is an airway clearance technique that helps COPD patients clear mucus from their lungs. Learn how to perform postural drainage of the lower lobes lateral basal segments of the lungs. Page 11.

The Flu Shot: Should I Bother?
Why should patients with COPD or other lung diseases bother getting vaccinated– particularly when there exists controversy in the public media about the safety of vaccines?

The Process of Breathing - Tour the Respiratory System
Tour the respiratory system and the process of breathing to find out how your lungs work. Page 6.

Diaphragm - Tour the Respiratory System
Understanding the diaphragm's place in the respiratory system, how it assists breathing, and symptoms of diaphragm problems. Page 5.

Inside the Lungs - Tour the Respiratory System
Tour the inside of the lungs including the bronchi tree and alveoli to understand how the lungs and respiratory system work. Page 4.

The Lower Respiratory System
Tour the lower respiratory system, including the trachea (windpipe), bronchial tree, alveoli (air sacs) and lungs to find out how your lungs work. Page 3.

Nose and Nasal Cavity - Tour the Respiratory System
Understand the function of the nose (nasal cavity). Tour the respiratory system to find out how your lungs work.

The Upper Respiratory System
Tour the upper respiratory system, including the nasal cavity (nose), pharynx (throat), and larynx (voice box). Page 2.

cancer screening
information about lung cancer screening

Bronchiectasis - Complete Guide to Bronchiectasis
Bronchiectasis is a type of COPD. Find out more about the definition of bronchiectasis. Discover the causes of bronchiectasis. Learn about specific treatment for bronchiectasis. Find out how a diagnosis of bronchiectasis is made and how bronchiectasis is treated. Learn about prevention.

Quit Smoking Support Groups - Guide to Quit Smoking Support Groups
Quit smoking support groups can help you become a successful non-smoker. Learn more about quit smoking support groups.

Blog


Lung Transplant - Guide to Lung Transplant for COPD
Lung transplant is a possible surgical option for those with COPD, specifically end-stage emphysema who meet very specific criteria.

Lung Transplant: Guide to Lung Transplant for COPD Patients
Lung transplant is a possible surgical option for those with end-stage emphysema who meet very specific criteria. Page 2.

Lung Transplant: Guide to Lung Transplant for COPD Patients
Lung transplant is a possible surgical option for those with end-stage emphysema who meet very specific criteria. Page 3.

Lung Transplant - Guide to Lung Transplant for COPD Patients
Lung transplant is a possible surgical option for those with end-stage emphysema who meet very specific criteria. Page 4.

Lung Transplant - Guide to Lung Transplant for COPD Patients
Lung transplant is a possible surgical option for those with end-stage emphysema who meet very specific criteria. Page 5.

13 Dietary Tips for Better Breathing With COPD
If you have COPD, breathing can be increasingly difficult. Check out these 13 dietary tips for better breathing with COPD.

Sadly, I Bid Farewell!
It is with great sadness that I announce today that as of May 1, 2014, I am resigning as COPD Guide for About.com. I have had a wonderful experience here at

Smoking Cigarettes - How to Quit Smoking Cigarettes
Learn how Lauren quit smoking cigarettes with the nicotine patch. Read Lauren's personal quit smoking success story.

Smoking Cigarettes - How to Quit Smoking Cigarettes
Learn how Lauren quit smoking cigarettes with the nicotine patch. Read Lauren's personal quit smoking success story. Page 2.

Metered-Dose Inhaler - How to Use a Metered-Dose Inhaler
Learning how to use a metered-dose inhaler can be challenging, especially if you don't know the technique. Follow this illustrative guide on how to use a metered-dose inhaler, or MDI. Page 2.

Metered-Dose Inhaler - How to Use a Metered-Dose Inhaler
Learning how to use a metered-dose inhaler can be challenging, especially if you don't know the technique. Follow this illustrative guide on how to use a metered-dose inhaler, or MDI. Page 3.

Metered-Dose Inhaler - How to Use a Metered-Dose Inhaler
Learning how to use a metered-dose inhaler can be challenging, especially if you don't know the technique. Follow this illustrative guide on how to use a metered-dose inhaler, or MDI. Page 4.

Metered-Dose Inhaler - How to Use a Metered-Dose Inhaler
Learning how to use a metered-dose inhaler can be challenging, especially if you don't know the technique. Follow this illustrative guide on how to use a metered-dose inhaler, or MDI. Page 6.

Metered-Dose Inhaler - How to Use a Metered-Dose Inhaler
Learning how to use a metered-dose inhaler can be challenging, especially if you don't know the technique. Follow this illustrative guide on how to use a metered-dose inhaler, or MDI. Page 7.

Metered-Dose Inhaler - How to Use a Metered-Dose Inhaler
Learning how to use a metered-dose inhaler can be challenging, especially if you don't know the technique. Follow this illustrative guide on how to use a metered-dose inhaler, or MDI. Page 8.

Secondary Polycythemia - What is Secondary Polycythemia
Secondary polycythemia develops in some people who have COPD because the body produces more red blood cells in an attempt to compensate for decreased oxygen in the blood. Page 7.

Image Gallery - COPD Complications Image Gallery
Welcome to the COPD complications image gallery, a photo guide to COPD complications. Page 5.

Image Gallery - COPD Complications Image Gallery
Welcome to the COPD complications image gallery, a photo guide to COPD complications. Page 2.

Image Gallery - COPD Complications Image Gallery
Welcome to the COPD complications image gallery, a photo guide to COPD complications. Page 3.

Image Gallery - COPD Complications Image Gallery
Welcome to the COPD complications image gallery, a photo guide to COPD complications. Page 4.

Image Gallery - COPD Complications Image Gallery
Welcome to the COPD complications image gallery, a photo guide to COPD complications. Page 6.

Metered-Dose Inhaler - How to Use a Metered-Dose Inhaler
Learning how to use a metered-dose inhaler can be challenging, especially if you don't know the technique. Follow this illustrative guide on how to use a metered-dose inhaler, or MDI.

Image Gallery - COPD Complications Image Gallery
Welcome to the COPD complications image gallery, a photo guide to COPD complications.

Complications of COPD - Guide to Complications of COPD
Complications of COPD are numerous, and can be life-threatening. Learn more about the complications of COPD and how to manage them.

Diagnosis of Bronchiectasis - Information About Diagnosis of Bronchiectasis
A diagnosis of bronchiectasis is not readily made. Learn more about how doctors make a bronchiectasis diagnosis.