Down Syndrome Sitemap - Page 1 2016-09-26

Parents of Special Needs Kids Can Learn to Be Activists
Parents of children with Down syndrome and other special needs serve their kids well by becoming community leaders, activists and advocates.

The Basics of Raising a Child with Down Syndrome
Having a child born with Down syndrome can be an emotional adjustment. Here are five basic things you should know about raising a child with Down syndrome.

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Down Syndrome Overview and Symptoms
An overview of the physical characteristics and the medical, behavioral, and psychological issues seen in individuals with Down syndrome.

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What Is a Translocation?
There are two types of translocations, reciprocal and Robertsonian. Learn more the effects translocations can have on your health.

Characteristics and Features of Down Syndrome
Certain characteristics are more common among people with Down Syndrome, such as specific facial features, poor muscle tone and heart defects.

Treating Atlantoaxial Instability (AAI) in Down Syndrome
Atlantoaxial instability or AAI is a common orthopedic problem in Down syndrome. Learn more about causes, symptoms and treatments of AAI.

What Are the Different Human Trisomies?
While Down syndrome is the most common human trisomy, almost every chromosome can have a trisomy. Learn more about other trisomies, like trisomy 15.

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What Is a Karyotype Test and How Is it Done?
A karyotype can diagnose a number of chromosomal abnormalities, like Down syndrome. Learn more about how karyotypes are performed and why.

Myths, Misconceptions and Facts About Down Syndrome
Although it is a common disorder, there are a lot of myths and misconceptions about Down syndrome. Learn more and dispel Down Syndrome misconceptions.

Telling Older Children Their Sibling Has Down Syndrome
As the parent of older children, there's something very important to address: explaining to your kids that their new brother or sister has Down syndrome.

Fluorescent In Situ Hybridization to Diagnose Down Syndrome
Fluorescent In Situ Hybridization or FISH analysis, is a cytogenetic technique that is often used to diagnose Down syndrome prenatally.

Adopt a Child with Down Syndrome
Children with Down syndrome are not different than any other, and have nothing less to offer than a typical child. They all bring love to her adoptive families, completing the lives of those in seek of love.

Down Syndrome Life Expectancy, Causes and Risk Factors
Down syndrome is the most common chromosomal genetic disorder. Learn more about Down syndrome life expectancy, causes, risk factors and more.

Maternal Age-Related Risks for Down Syndrome
The risk of having a child with a trisomy or an extra chromosome increases as a woman gets older. Down syndrome is the most common of the trisomies.

Dealing With a New Diagnosis of Down Syndrome
Those first few days after learning about the diagnosis of Down Syndrome can be tough. These articles give some hints and tips on how to take care of yourself and those around you.

How Is the Diagnosis of Down Syndrome Made?
Down syndrome can be diagnosed at birth or prenatally. It is usually suspected due to physical features in an infant and confirmed with testing.

Babies With Down Syndrome and Duodenal Atresia
Duodenal atresia is a disorder that occurs more frequently in infants with Down syndrome. Read more to learn the symptoms, diagnosis and treatment.

Dealing as a Couple With Your Child's Diagnosis of Down Syndrome
It’s very important for couples to understand some basic rules for reacting to their child’s diagnosis of Down syndrome.

College and Down Syndrome
We're experiencing great and positives changes about perception of people with Down syndrome and their abilities, but to think that every person with Down syndrome is able to attend college is unrealistic, and can set standards hard to comply with.

Successful College Graduates Who Have Down Syndrome
Meet Pablo Pineda, successful professional with Down syndrome, and Rion Holcombe, who was accepted into college. Page 2.

People with Down Syndrome and College
Meet Ayelen Barreiro and Haizea Sendon, both young women with Down syndrome and well-known dancers. Page 3.

Children Diagnosed With Both Down Syndrome and Autism
As diagnoses of autism rise, healthcare professionals have noticed that the symptoms of the condition overlap with the symptoms of Down syndrome.

Treatment for Down Syndrome
Although there's no cure or specific treatment for Down syndrome, treatment is often needed for other diseases and conditions. Learn more.

Down Syndrome Basics: History, Causes & Characteristics
Learn about Down syndrome, also called trisomy 21, including some of the condition's physical, medical and intellectual characteristics.

Choroid Plexus Cysts as Down Syndrome Indicator
If you have just been told that your baby has a choroid plexus cysts on ultrasound, you are probably frightened and confused, but there is no need to be.

What is Mosaic Down Syndrome?
Mosaic Down syndrome is a rare form of Down syndrome and may present with fewer symptoms than the classical form. Learn more about mosaic Down syndrome.

Ultrasound Findings and Down Syndrome
Ultrasound is a common test done during pregnancy. It lets a doctor look at a fetus and measure how far along in your pregnancy you are. however, sometimes an ultrasound can show some markers that indicate that the baby that you are carrying may have a higher than normal chance to have Down syndrome. Read here to learn more about the link between ultrasound and Down Syndrome.

What Is a Karyotype?
A karyotype can detect any chromosomal abnormalities you or your unborn child may have. Learn more about which conditions karyotypes can detect.

Free Beta HCG and Other Serum Screening Tests
There are several prenatal serum (blood) screening tests now available to screen a pregnancy for Down syndrome. Learn about free beta HCG and PAPP-A.

First Trimester Screening Options for Down Syndrome - Nuchal Translucency and Other Serum Screening Options
There are several prenatal serum (blood) screening tests now available to screen a pregnancy for Down syndrome. This article discusses first trimester serum screening and what it can and can't tell you. Page 2.

A Look at Translocation, Trisomy and Mosaic Down Syndrome
Translocation, trisomy and mosaic Down syndrome refer to different genetic types of Down syndrome. Here we look at all 3 types of Down syndrome.

What Is a Robertsonian Translocation?
The effects of a Robertsonian translocation, like Down syndrome, depend on whether or not it is balanced. Learn more about these translocations.

New Pregnancy after Having a Child with Down Syndrome
These are common fears that may arise when families decide with a new pregnancy after having a child with Down syndrome.

Pregnancy After Having a Child With Down Syndrome
Part of the process of embracing this new pregnancy was to take the genetic test, to find out the condition of the child and be in peace with the diagnosis. Page 2.

Ana's Story - New Pregnancy after Having a Child with Down Syndrome
Ana’s main concern about having a second child with Down syndrome was, how to keep up with a busy schedule of therapies and doctor's visits for two. Page 3.

Does Maternal Age Affect Pregnancy?
Maternal age can increase your risk of having a child with Down syndrome. Learn more about how your age can affect your child's health.

Coping with the Diagnosis of Down Syndrome
While initially it may be overwhelming to learn that your baby has Down syndrome, you will come to love this baby for the individual that they are. Take time to take care of yourself and spend time with your baby.

Hypotonia in Down Syndrome
One of the most common symptoms of Down syndrome is hypotonia, or low muscle tone. Almost all babies with Down syndrome have hypotonia and appear

Congenital Heart Defects in Down Syndrome
One of the more serious problems associated with Down syndrome are heart defects. Approximately 50% of babies with Down syndrome are born with a heart defect. Some heart defects are relatively mild and will fix themselves over time, but others are more severe and will require surgery.

Karyotype to Diagnose Down Syndrome
A karyotype, or chromosome analysis, is needed to definitively diagnosis Down syndrome.

Getting a Karyotype for Down Syndrome
A karyotype can help diagnose genetic conditions such as Down syndrome. Learn more about what a karyotype can tell you about your body.

Individualized Education Plans for Down Syndrome Youth
Early Intervention is the first step for children with Down syndrome and their families; individualized education programs in grade school come next.

How to Choose Toys for Kids With Down Syndrome
Are you confused about what toys to buy for your child with Down syndrome? Use these helpful tips to guide your search for the perfect toy.

Down Syndrome Screening Tests During Pregnancy
There has been a large increase in the number and types of screening tests for Down syndrome available to pregnant women. Read here for more.

Stories of Parents Raising Children with and without Down Syndrome
I’ve always loved my kids with the same love, but when you have a child with special needs, it’s not unusual to dedicate more time to this child as you’re often left thinking that he or she is at a disadvantage compared to others and that the others can do things by themselves.

Should You Do Prenatal Testing?
Prenatal testing can diagnose Down syndrome during pregnancy, but it's important to be emotionally prepared before the test. Learn about prenatal testing.

What Causes Trisomy 13?
Trisomy 13, also known as Patua syndrome, is a fatal chromosomal abnormality that is present at birth. Learn more about what causes trisomy 13.

What Is an Amnio (Amniocentesis)?
An amniocentesis is an optional diagnostic test done during the second trimester of pregnancy. Learn more about amniocentesis and what it tells you.

More about Amniocentesis Testing for Down Syndrome
An amniocentesis is an optional diagnostic test done during the second trimester of pregnancy. Read more about amniocentesis, what it tells you, and how it feels here. Page 2.

Step-by-Step Guide to Diagnosing Down Syndrome
How is the diagnosis of Down syndrome made? This step by step guide discusses the signs, symptoms and testing that lead to a diagnosis of Down syndrome.

Facial Features of Down Syndrome
Babies with Down syndrome have some distinct facial features that are easily recognizable. These facial features do not cause any medical problems, but they do alert a pediatrician to the possibility that a baby may have Down syndrome.

Single Palmar Crease of the Hands in Down Syndrome
Children with Down syndrome are often born with a single crease across the palm of their hand, while most people have three. This single palmar crease doesn't cause any problems - the hand still works fine - but it is another sign that a baby may have Down syndrome.

Intestinal Defects in Down Syndrome
Gastrointestinal birth defects, or birth defects affecting the intestines, occur more frequently in infants with Down syndrome. Some of the intestinal problems will be present at birth and others develop over time.

Hypothyroidism and Down Syndrome
Hypothyroidism is a surprisingly common diagnosis and is seen much more frequently in people with Down syndrome. It may be present at birth or may develop later in life.

Karyotype Results in Down Syndrome
A karyotype test is needed to definitively diagnosis Down syndrome.

Diagnosis of Down Syndrome During Pregnancy
Down syndrome can be diagnosed at birth or prenatal. It is suspected due to some unusual physical features in an infant and confirmed by a blood test. Page 2.

What Are the Facial Features of Down Syndrome?
People with Down syndrome tend to have similar facial features and physical characteristics. Learn more about Down syndrome.

Hypothyroidism in Down Syndrome (Diagnosis, Treatment)
Hypothyroidism, an underactive thyroid gland, is surprisingly common in people with Down syndrome. read here to learn more about this condition including it's symptoms and treatment here.

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An index of categories in the

What Does High-Functioning Really Mean?
This weeks term of the week is actually a bit of a cheat, as I was unable to find a concise definition of what

Medical and Intellectual Issues Related to Down Syndrome
Certain medical conditions occur more frequently in people with Down Syndrome. Here's what to look out for if your child has Down syndrome. Page 2.

Understanding What Causes Down Syndrome
Down syndrome is caused by having an extra chromosome number 21. But what exactly does this mean? Read this section to learn more about what is known about the cause of Down syndrome, the types of Down syndrome and the relationship between a mother's age and Down syndrome.

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