About Experts Sitemap - Group 29 - Page 16 2014-11-25

Horticulture: good indoor low maintainence plant, airplane plant, maintenance plants
airplane plant, maintenance plants, spider plants: Chad, We run one or two filters all the time. Bugs are not a problem with these plants. Once in a while I may see a critter but seldom. I move plants in side and then out side all the time with very few problems. If you get into plants, you might...

Horticulture: japanese yew, japanese yew, softley
japanese yew, softley, herbicide: Peter, Lets see what we can come up with. How old are the trees, and where are you located? Is there any possibility a herbicide of some kind may have gotten on them? Are the plants adjacent to each other? Can you get a good photo of the damage area? I don...

Horticulture: Lisbon lemon plant, softley, bay leaf
softley, bay leaf, lisbon: The best I can find out, the leaf should be edible. Both my wife and daughter also think it is okay to use in cooking. I did not find as much on the net as I expected to. I found a few comments in some discussion groups, but not much documentation. ...

Horticulture: mulching with horse manure and hardwood bark, rhododendrons.
rhododendrons.: David, I don t think there is a problem using the manure if you are careful not to use too much. You did not say it was composted, just that is is old. I would wait until the temperature drop later in the fall, I don t know that waiting until a hard frost...

Horticulture: Northwest Poplar, Popular Trees, Tissue Culture
Popular Trees, Tissue Culture: Bud, I think I would get a new tree, and go from there. Suckers tend not to be as healthy and long lived as the parent plant. Of course there are exceptions. You could leave it a year or two and see what it looks like then Cloning is common in plant...

Horticulture: pepper propigation, high school biology, pepper plant
high school biology, pepper plant, hot pepper: Matt, The short answer is, you can save seeds from the pepper plant, but they may not breed true to the parent. Do you remember your high school biology class about genetics. Did you make the original cross, and know the parentage of your plant? The answer...

Horticulture: Asaragus, asparagus plants, martha washingtons
asparagus plants, martha washingtons, red berries: Wayne, I think the seeds will start new plants. I have not tried it, but know people who claim to have done so. I would be inclined to pick the red berries, let them dry, and start them in the spring in some potting soil, and transplant from there. But...

Horticulture: Banana trees, banana trees, softley
banana trees, softley, dark period: Sarah, This question is not something I have first hand knowledge of, that said, Most plants need a period of dark every night. In that bananas grow in the lower latitudes which have near 12 hr of light 7 12 hours of dark, I would expect these plants to...

Horticulture: black walnut tree, Walnut trees
Walnut trees: Hannah As far as I know these two trees should do well in your location. I trust you can give them water now and then. I hope you are able to use the walnut wood, or get it to someone who can. I have a very soft spot for furniture made from home grown...

Horticulture: Crape myrtle, sand bed, myrtle branch
sand bed, myrtle branch: Michelle, Sorry about the delay in answering. Try putting it in water, it might root. If you have a sand bed, one can cut off the last years wood, and try an root the current year wood. It will be ffy , but might work. I am thinking that I might be to...

Horticulture: Mandevilla, trellising, softley
trellising, softley, fertilizer: Pan, It sounds like you are doing things correctly. Is it getting enough water, but not to much? An other suggestion is, one might put one fertilizer spike in, and see if that makes any difference. I am not real big on a bunch of fertilizer, but if the...

Horticulture: mandevilla disease, little critters, softley
little critters, softley, mites: Millie, Can you see any very small mites or spiders on the underside of the leaves? That is the first thing I would suspect. Where are you located? Please let me know what you see. One might take a white sheet of paper and hold under the leaf and shake...

Horticulture: monocots, softley, monocotyledons
softley, monocotyledons, angiosperms: Sad, Off the top of my head I don t think of any that do not. I live were we have cold winters. I am not sure what some of the monocotyledons do in areas that do not freeze. Bamboo may not, but I have not been around it in the winter. Let me run this question...

Horticulture: olive tree bugs, softley, olive tree
softley, olive tree, tree trunk: Herve, Can you get a few good photos of these critters, make sure they are in focus. You can attach them to you reply, or you can send this to me at dale@softley.com Please send the largest photo you can. We use 6 meg as much as possible, please don t cut...

Horticulture: Pruning fruit trees., pruning fruit trees, how to prune fruit trees
pruning fruit trees, how to prune fruit trees, softley: Raymond, I ll do the best I can on this. What kind of fruit are we talking about? How old are the trees? My e-mail is dale@softley.com, send me a Hello message, and I will send back some site information. There are some publications from the University...

Horticulture: Spider Flowers, open dish, plant seeds
open dish, plant seeds, spider plant: Mike, Thanks for the question. Let the pods dry on the plant as much as you can. Then shell and clean the seeds before storage. I have not kept spider plant seeds, but I do keep several other kinds of seeds. I have had success by leaving seeds in an open...

Horticulture: walnut trees, black walnut trees, softley
black walnut trees, softley, quirk: Lorraine, Let me do some checking, as I don t know why they should all stop bearing at once. Did you have any unusual weather this spring or late winter? I don t have quick access to your daily weather so I could not see if there was a late freeze of some...

Horticulture: wintertizing cacti & succulents, edmonton alberta canada, cacti and succulents
edmonton alberta canada, cacti and succulents, cacti succulents: Carmen Putting a heavy mulch over the top is the best I can offer. Hen & chickens can be re-potted and taken in the house. Our cat likes to dig them out of the pot and play with them, which makes a mess, but they live through it. Do you have access to...

Horticulture: Anthurium plant not flowering, anthuriums, 5 months
anthuriums, 5 months, thanks in advance: Xuel Fen, I am not sure what is going on. Take a look on all experts for an expert called The Long Island Gardener , on 5/29/07 he gave a detailed answer about Anthuriums. If this does not answer your question please get back to me. I have not grown Anthuriums....

Horticulture: Birds Nest Fern, potting soil, softley
potting soil, softley, carrie: Carrie, I suggest re-potting with new potting soil. I did not see anything in the literature saying you could not place the root deeper in the soil, than it currently is. Some time plants do not like it when the crown is placed deeper in the soil. Let me...

Horticulture: Fall bulb planting and Hostas planting, zone 5a, softley
zone 5a, softley, cool place: I would be inclined to put the bulbs in a cool place to hold to March or when the ground has warmed to 32 or 34 degrees F. Then dig a few inches into the ground and plant. I think each of the species you are working with has a chill requirement. I would...

Horticulture: Help w/Peace Lily, peace lily, beloved grandmother
peace lily, beloved grandmother, indirect light: Chris, I have several peace lilies, and let them get too dry every now and then, like you one they are watered the leaves perk back up. Some will then turn yellow, which I remove. I doubt over watering is a problem, as I have some just in water because I...

Horticulture: hydroponics, manure tea, manganese zinc
manure tea, manganese zinc, animal manure: Christian, The short answer about using manure as a nutrient source, is yes. You will need to watch for bacteria such as E-coli. Water ran through manure is call Manure Tea , I don t know if bringing the tea to a boil would kill all the bacteria or not....

Horticulture: Potted ming tree, herbicide damage, ming tree
herbicide damage, ming tree, contaminated soil: Jo, Were the roots a light color or dark when you repotted? Thanks for the photograph. Can you get a few more, including a couple close ups of the leaves. From the one photo it somewhat looks like herbicide damage. I have gotten contaminated soil on two occasions...

Horticulture: rubber tree looking ill, rubber tree plant, close ups
rubber tree plant, close ups, softley: Has the plant made any big changes in the past few weeks. The leaves look like some kind of a bacterial spot, but it does not make sense it would appear on a rubber tree. I am not coming up with any good ideas. If any readers have thoughts please send them...

Horticulture: Saving my Christmas Poinsettia, christmas poinsettia, dark periods
christmas poinsettia, dark periods, new leaves: Barry, The main thing you can do, is keep it watered but not drowned. I have kept poinsettia alive for three years by just watering them, and setting them in an unused bed room with south windows. The light timing set new leaves without additional help...

Horticulture: Algae, controlling algae growth, oceans and rivers
controlling algae growth, oceans and rivers, catfish farm: QUESTION: Okay, here are my questions. 1. What herbicide is best for controlling algae growth? This answer depends upon the location and application. A swimming pool is much different from catfish farm. This is a location specific answer. There are several...

Horticulture: alot of my house plants suddenly are yellow, mites
mites: There are a few possibilities. I would suspect spider mites first. These critters are hard to see and to control. My first suggestion is take a cotton ball or some gauze and wipe the larger leaves with rubbing alcohol, give the underside of the leaf a good...

Horticulture: Corn, trace minerals, softley
trace minerals, softley, gmail: The basic are Nitrogen, Phosphorus, %26 Potassium, then the trace minerals include a whole group that you can find on the Internet. Sulpher and Zinc are the most common trace minerals required. All plants require the basic 13 or 17 minerals which I don’t remember...

Horticulture: clay soil, clay soil, growing grass
clay soil, growing grass, soil type: Let me do some checking, what kind of soil do you have, that you are wanting to plant grass on. The soil type will determine the water holding capacity of the soil, and how often it needs to be watered. Bluegrass needs water frequently until it get the roots...

Horticulture: Fertilizers, organic and inorganic fertilizer, commercial fertilizer
organic and inorganic fertilizer, commercial fertilizer, lawn fertilizer: The plants can not tell one molecule from another. If you have ever cleaned a chicken coop you know the smell of ammonia. That is the same as comes from the pressurized tanks we use on the farm. There are all kinds of arguments both ways pro %26 con for organic...

Horticulture: Interview, Fertilizer, organic
Fertilizer, organic, inorganic: What do you think is better Organic or chemical fertilizer? It is my opinion there is no difference. The plant will absorb a specific molecule and does not care what that molecule is attached to. Both fertilizers have their place. We can move specific elements...

Horticulture: Non-poisonous plants, border plants, poisonous plants
border plants, poisonous plants, house plants: I do not find any indications that it may be poisonous. May I suggest planting oats for the cats to chew on. I saw oats seed for sale at Wal-mart the other day. The same seed should be avail from a feed store as horse feed for about $4.00 per bushel. Put...

Horticulture: partial leaf decomposition, compost activator, cellulase enzyme
compost activator, cellulase enzyme, softley: This is an interesting question, and I will need to do some research for the answer. I am wondering if a person were to lay the leaves out on a flat surface and place damp soil on the edge you want to decompose if it would remove the parts you want removed....

Horticulture: Question, new york times company, new york times
new york times company, new york times: Cheyenna, I do not know who the actual author of allexperts is. Let me do some checking because somewhere must be a director or leader. Just as I was ready to send this I noticed a statement at the very bottom of the screen saying this is part of the New...

Horticulture: re: peace lily, peace lily, carol carol
peace lily, carol carol, morning sun: Carol, We have several peace lilies we have raised, and they all bloom now and then. The truth is I don t take real good care of them, and water them when I think about it or they are drooping. During the summer I set them out on a patio, and the winter...

Horticulture: Still deciding, science research project, clay soil
science research project, clay soil, baseball field: Cheyenna, Help out a little here. How much do you know about soil, and how much information do you want or need? If it will help I can send some basic information about soil, its formation, and properties. I don t want to overload you with information,...

Horticulture: science 4 year 6, piping system, site of photosynthesis
piping system, site of photosynthesis, reproductive organ: The answer can differ specific to each species of plant. The basics are, roots hold a plant in place, and supply water and nutrients, in selected plants roots are a reproductive organ, Stems hold leaves and flowers in place, and serve as a piping system from...

Horticulture: soil, sunflowers, water quality, soil, sunflowers
soil, sunflowers, water quality: Isaac, Several questions come to mind. How are fresh and rain water going to be different? the quality of your tap water may differ by the city you are located in. Some towns have Chlorine and Fluorine, and other may have only one of the two. You need to...

Horticulture: sunflowers, growing sunflowers, softley
growing sunflowers, softley, gray water: Isaac, The first question I have, is what do you mean by type of water? Might I suggest you look at water from different sources, or look at the effect of using “gray water”, that would be mildly contaminated with soaps or particles. I do not think...

Horticulture: well, i also know that....., soil, soil particles
soil, soil particles: I think you are on the right track, but need to understand soil, its composition, and the differences between the various soils. Soil is a very complicated “stuff”, and we spend lifetimes learning to understand it. Below are several websites pertaining to...

Horticulture: yes., nutrient overload, celled organisms
nutrient overload, celled organisms, answering your questions: You are right that some soil can have to much or to little of any givin element. Unless the soil has been greatly contaminated it seldom gets to a point wher it kills the plants, or the microbes in the soil. When there is an excess of a specific element or...

Horticulture: Mandeville indoors, softley, vines
softley, vines, stems: It should do well over wintering in the house. Take a look at the following web site, http://www.plant-care.com/mandevilla-trellis.html. I am not sure why the leaves are turning yellow. I do not suggest pruning the bare stems this year. Is it in direct or...

Horticulture: marrs orange, orange plant, inch pot
orange plant, inch pot, drain holes: Diana, I think the plant can be put into a larger pot, I would look at a 12 - 14 inch pot with drain holes, using a commercial potting soil. Untangle the roots the best you can as you transplant. I don t think I would put it into the soil as your area can...

Horticulture: questions and maybe interview, magnet school, e mail
magnet school, e mail, chase: In case the other reply did not make it to you. Yes I am happy to answer questions. If you can get to a telephone you may call me at the office as I am in most of the morning. The office number is 800-324-7487 / 402-488-2550. Or it can be done as e-mail...

Horticulture: Watering and Fertilizing Beans, drainage holes, growing beans
drainage holes, growing beans, potting soil: Sam, Water the beans when the soil appears dry to the touch. Do you pots have drainage holes to let extra drain out? If you use a good potting soil, it will not be necessary to fertilize. What is the variable you are looking at for this project? Dale Softle...

Horticulture: willow tree holes, inch holes, tree holes
inch holes, tree holes, willow tree: I suspect you have some kind of a tree borer. Where do you live? From the photo I can not identify your critters. There are some different insecticides that can be applied that should control them, but first we need to know which insect we have. Have you...

Horticulture: Careers, horticulture degree, garden nurseries
horticulture degree, garden nurseries, missing research: Angie, As you have seen, there is large number of opportunities working with plants. If you are into herbs and such you might be about to come up with something dealing with marketing or growing them. I have not looked into producing oils but I know some...

Horticulture: PUMPKINS (MARROW), weird fact, softley
weird fact, softley, seeds: Yiangos, I am sorry to say I don t know , they are easy to grow, some are good to eat, others are not, but make good Jack-O-Lanterns, some produce more seeds than others. There are smooth and rough rinds, but all of this is normal. Dale Softley ...

Horticulture: abscission of leaves, botany professor, mexican sunflower
botany professor, mexican sunflower, mexican heather: yuzr, You raise a good question, I think the answer would be in the physiology of each plant, and how the tissue seals off the dead leaf from the living part of the plant. It has been years since I have studied plant physiology. I am not sure were to suggest...

Horticulture: Bougainvillea and fumigation, gainvillea and fumigation
gainvillea and fumigation: The picture is good, thanks for sending it. If you have questions I ll do my best to answer. I may be a bit slow getting answers out, but I ll get to it. My work has increased considerably of late, but that is what pays the bills. I am grateful to have the...

Horticulture: Lemon Drop Plant (Lemon x Kumquat), lemon trees, colorful fruit
Horticulture: Lemon Drop Plant (Lemon x Kumquat), lemon trees, colorful fruit, citrus trees

Horticulture: Lemon Drop Plant (Lemon x Kumquat), hines nurseries, surface roots
hines nurseries, surface roots, nursery website: Deborah, You pose an interesting question. Let me float an idea, to see if it would work for you. Can you transplant the tree to a larger pot (16-18 inch) that can set on a wheeled base, allowing you to move it in and out doors as the season dictate. I don...

Horticulture: ming tree, indirect sunlight, softley
indirect sunlight, softley, s market: Trina, There are several plants called ming tree If you live in south Florida I would expect it to be able to live if planted outside. That said, you may want to set the pot outside in indirect sunlight and see how it acts, if it appears happy and growing...

Horticulture: Plant growth, soil texture, american society of agronomy
soil texture, american society of agronomy, clay particles: Cassie, Texture is determined by the amount of very small rocks present in soil. Soil is made up of Mineral faction, organic matter, water & air. Texture is determined by the size of the mineral partials. Do a search for soil texture and you will find some...

Horticulture: POLLINATORS, chaparro, orange tree
chaparro, orange tree, horticulturist: NIkki, I checked with some folks at the U of FL, and got the following answer.If this does not answer your question I will follow up by talking to some more Agronomist and Horticulturist. Dale The answer is specific for each variety of citrus. Some need...

Horticulture: potting soil, soil sterilization, grade ditch
soil sterilization, grade ditch, potting soil: I think I would use about half peat and half top soil. If you can find a loamy sand soil it will have good permeability. Where are you located and what soil do you have access to? There are hundreds of different soils in various fields, that are location specific....

Horticulture: Scheflera Diseases, e mail address, transom windows
e mail address, transom windows, orthenex: Linda, Lets see what we can do. What other plants are in the area that could host some of the insects you are battling? The second question, when were they last repotted with fresh soil? This is a sever suggestion, but have you taken cotton balls and...

Horticulture: Soil and Plant Growth, Soil
Soil: Cassie, The type of soil you will want to use depends on what you are planting. Regular planting soil or potting soil with work for most plants such as flowers and potted vegetable gardens. Some plants prefer sandier soil that will drain quickly. Please...

Horticulture: uses for potassium nitrate, potassium nitrate, peace lillies
potassium nitrate, peace lillies, blooming plants: Suzy, That is a good question. Maybe on foliage only plants, in very small qualities. By large bag are we talking 50 pounds or larger? I am just not sure where the best place to use it might be. Let me think about it. I have a bunch of Peace Lillies that...

Horticulture: azaelias, azalea bushes, wet sand
azalea bushes, wet sand, short answer: Ed: The short answer is yes. I will need to look up the procedure to see what other people have said, and if they have a developed procedure. I am sure you can take cuttings of the newest growth, and start them in wet sand or just water. If you use wet sand...

Horticulture: azelia seeds, agricultural colleges, legal frame
agricultural colleges, legal frame, seed source: Julie, We have been looking for a seed source, and so far have not came up with one. Some where there must be a breeder who is working with the flower to make improvements, I just don t know who or where. You might try e-mailing some of the landgrant colleges,...

Horticulture: cactus care, cactus soil, soil mix
cactus soil, soil mix, cacti: Claude, Sorry about being slow to get back to you. The smaller cactus have have a little different soil requirement, can you tell me the names of the different cacti you are growing? this might help me narrow the problem down. How long have they been in this...

Horticulture: Forsythia blooming, spring fertility, liquid fertilizer
spring fertility, liquid fertilizer, leaf bud: Paul, There can be fertility or soil problems. How well does it take water? Have you dug down a foot or so to see what the soil looks like, is it yellow or black? I don t remember the soil types common to North Florida. Has it bloomed this spring? Fertility...

Horticulture: azaelias, azaleas, soil
Horticulture: azaelias, azaleas, soil, roots

Horticulture: Pacific rose apple tree, apple seeds, apple tree
apple seeds, apple tree, softley: Description Originally from New Zealand, Pacific Rose is a cross between a Gala and a Splendor, with a rosy pink to bright red, thin outer skin. Inside, the white flesh is sweet, crisp and juicy and it is often compared to the Fuji in flavor. This apple has...

Horticulture: Planting in fall vs winter/early spring why?, frost danger, plant seeds
frost danger, plant seeds, growing flowers: Sandy, You raise a good question, and I don t know the answer. I would be tempted to plant some in the spring, and if they die, I ll not to do it again. We normally plant winter wheat in the fall, because it needs to experience some many cooling days before...

Horticulture: peace lilies, peace lily, room lighting
peace lily, room lighting, indirect light: Pam, You may set a peace lilies almost anywhere. We have some in nearly direct sun light, a couple in very indirect light, mostly room lighting is all it gets. If the one you have is rootbound you may want to divide it between two or more pots. When I forget...

Horticulture: root characteristic, nitrogen
nitrogen: Kee, I think any number of tap rooting plants could be used. I have several questions about where and how you will do this experiment. Please contact my at dale.softley@gmail.com and we can discuss several possibilities. Is this for a science class, and...

Horticulture: when to transplant a nectarine tree?, nectarine tree, horticulturists
nectarine tree, horticulturists, doubts: Kathy, I have never tried to move a nectarine. I have my doubts about moving it until the fruit has been picked. How big is the tree, and where do you live? How much of the rootball could you maintain during a move? Sorry I am not much help here. I will...

Horticulture: Underwater plant, grade science class, radish seeds
grade science class, radish seeds, 6th grade science: Ginger, Have you had any good answers for your biospheres on an underwater plant? Could you somehow use elodea? It might require modification of your project. I remember useing eledea when I was teaching science, in an oxygen production experiment. We varied...

Horticulture: deer tongue grass control, crabgrass killers, grass control
crabgrass killers, grass control, crabgrass control: Can you get me some good close up photos of this plant? Are there little tuffs of hair where the leaf blade leaves the stem? Are the leaves hairy or smooth? Do you see any little seeds on the ground? Are they round like a ball or oblong We ll keep working...

Horticulture: disease yellow bird of paradise, flower bud, spider mites
flower bud, spider mites, insecticidal soaps: There are some insecticidal soaps that might work. I have never tried them on a B of P but they should work. Follow the instructions on the container. If they don’t work I’ll try and find a stronger chemical to use. I don’t want to use anything stronger...

Horticulture: Do you know what this is?, cho oyu, seed cells
cho oyu, seed cells, longitude and latitude: Jeremy, I do not know what that plant is. Are these the only photos you have of it? Can you give me longitude and latitude where this photo was taken (come as close as you can)? I am wondering what kind of climate it is accumulated to. Did you open any...

Horticulture: Night Blooming Jasmine, cow manure compost, night blooming jasmine
cow manure compost, night blooming jasmine, compost mix: Hi, My best guess is the sunlight was too intense to start with. If you can expose it to gradually increasing high intensity sunlight on a daily bases until it is outside full time. If you have a window with strong morning light, it would be a good starting...

Horticulture: Peace Lillies, peace lillies, softley
peace lillies, softley, leaves: I do not know what causes small tips to burn or turn brown. I know it is not the answer to the problem, but I end up cutting the brown tips off of some of my leaves, and no new brown appears. I know I let my plants get to dry every now and then, and loose...

Horticulture: transplanting, landscape gardening, softley
landscape gardening, softley, zone 5: Beth, In my opinion spring is the best time to transplant. I do not know of any manuals that really address transplanting, there are several sheets or documents on the net that have some very good ideas. Try Goggling horticulture transplanting brings up...

Horticulture: Bark Grafting on apple tree, red delicious apple, different kinds of apples
red delicious apple, different kinds of apples, kinds of apples: This is an interesting question. I have never tried to graft plants, but it is done all the time. It actually may be something you can do. There are several articles on grafting on the Internet. If you have access to some of the apples trees from which you...

Horticulture: Blueberries, blueberry plant, litmus paper
blueberry plant, litmus paper, softley: If you just potted the plant, I would be inclined to dump it out and mix a 50% mixture of peat with the soil, and repot it. This should drop the pH to the 5 range. If you have some litmus paper it will give you a general idea where the pH is. If it is still...

Horticulture: bugs on lily plants, big guns, softley
big guns, softley, problen: Harriet, Sorry for being so slow getting back to you. There are two or three insecticides you can get at garden centers that should work. What have you used so-far? I don t want to bring out the big guns if it can be controlled with the more common insecticides....

Horticulture: burning bush losing leaves in days, poor drainage, burning bush
poor drainage, burning bush, softley: Marian, If this is the Linda I am thinking about, we never figured out what was wrong for sure. It turns out she lived here in Lincoln, and we looked at the plant in person. How old is the plant? Is this a newly landscaped yard? What is the soil like under...

Horticulture: HOUSEPLANT INSECTS, houseplant insects, crawly insects
houseplant insects, crawly insects, cactus plants: Joan, This is to let you know I have your question, and will work on finding an answer. Don’t throw any more plants away, somehow this can be solved. Can you give me the names of insecticides you have used? There should be a scientific name somewhere on the...

Horticulture: jasmine plant growth, jasmine plant, potting soil
jasmine plant, potting soil, softley: You can try doing some cuttings, rooting them in water or a sand medium. There are several plants called jasmine, and some a more difficult to root than others. Rooting may or may not work. You can always try seeds. Potting soil is always a good choice, and...

Horticulture: Maple Tree, softley, gmail
softley, gmail, maple tree: Robin, Tell me more about this tree. Where are you located, what have the leaves looked like as the plant has been declining, or do they just fail to re-leaf in the spring? Can you send me a close up photo of the fungus? Dale Softley dale@softley.com or...

Horticulture: Pruning Indoor Bird of Paradise, softley, gmail
softley, gmail, bird of paradise: Kurt, This note is to tell you that I have your question, and will need to do considerable looking to give you a good answer. I suggest you contact another person with this question also. I will contact some other Agronomist that work in states that grow...

Horticulture: plants, female plants, female flowers
female plants, female flowers, softley: The best that I can answer this: Hetro means two or more, thallus is a shoot, homo means one, so one or two shoots, other than that I am not real sure. Monocious One plant contains both male and female flowers or parts such as corn that the tassel and...

Horticulture: plants for a sun room, planting seeds, planter boxes
planting seeds, planter boxes, potting soil: Jackie, It is possible it has excessive heat but I would think the rubber plant would object also. How hot does the room get in the PM? I suggest changing the soil, replacing it with ordinary potting soil from a local garden center. Try planting seeds...

Horticulture: Repotting geriatric plants, jade plants, snake plant
jade plants, snake plant, ponytail palm: Karen, It sounds like quite a project. I believe I would attempt to put most of them into larger pots, with fresh soil. In order to answer some of your questions I will need to look up the care on some of the plants. If you have questions about specific...

Horticulture: split leaf philodendron, root mass, softley
root mass, softley, kim kim: Kim, I would go with the larger pot, as long as it is within reason. It takes my philodendron a year or so to catch up with the new pots, but then they look nice. You may be able to split it into two plants if the root mass is fairly large, and healthy....

Horticulture: worms on trees, insect larvae, visible hole
insect larvae, visible hole, gmail: Keabetswe, Thanks for the question. I need more information. Do you know what the name of this worm is? I suspect it is an insect larvae, but I don t know that. Is this on one tree or several? Can you send a photo of the larvae in the orange, by cutting the...

Horticulture: Bean or seed?, legume family, softley
legume family, softley, good question: Good question, I never thought about it. Beans are normally from one of the legume family of plants, and are produced in a pod. I would think the coffee seed is called a bean because of its shape resembling common beans. Sorry I don t have a better answer....

Horticulture: Black Walnut Tree, black walnut trees, black walnut tree
black walnut trees, black walnut tree, walnut production: Cheryl, There are some things you might try, give me a call at 800-324-7487 and I will visit with you about them. There are some points that need to be carefully watched, and it would make a long discourse to write it all out. I think I will be near the phone...

Horticulture: Fern Houseplant, potting soil, softley
potting soil, softley, houseplant: Diane, It probably needs some fertilizer. There are any number of good fertilizers. I suggest picking some up at one of the local box stores. The ones that are mixed with water should be the quickest to perk the plant up. (We are talking 4 to 6 weeks at least)....

Horticulture: Fruits, plant physiologist, softley
plant physiologist, softley, starch: I will give you a quick answer, but you need to visit with a plant physiologist, for a more complete answer. All plants make sugar, which can convert to starch, and back to sugar as needed. This is the fuel plants live on. As for the other tastes, I don...

Horticulture: Fungus in house plants, soil fungi, saran wrap
soil fungi, saran wrap, nebraska medical center: This problem interest me for several reasons. First I have never heard of an antagonism between soil fungi and a person with cancer. Our daughter is a PA in Oncology at the University of Nebraska Medical Center, I will run this past her. If I know which fungi...

Horticulture: fruits and vegetables, nutrients in food, fruits and vegetables
nutrients in food, fruits and vegetables, nutrient value: I will give you a quick answer to start with. If you need more, get back to me. Many of the plants are still respiring after being harvest. Placing them in cold storage slows the respiration but does not stop it. You will recall that respiration is the opposite...

Horticulture: honey suckle propagation, softley, gmail
softley, gmail, proper time: One can make the cuttings any time. Now would be good. Just put them in a container of water, and they should root in about 4 to 6 weeks. Change the water if it get foul smelling or cloudy. My direct address is dale@softley.com or dale.softley@gmail.com if...

Horticulture: Poppies, poppy plant, potting soil
poppy plant, potting soil, softley: Yes, a little fertilizer will work wonders. Another option is to repot it in new potting soil. There are several good fertilizers one can get for flowers. I suggest looking at some of the general retail outlets(walmart,target, etc) see what looks good and...

Horticulture: pear tree, cleveland pear tree, yellow clay
cleveland pear tree, yellow clay, tree question: John, How is the tree doing? How wet has it been since you planted the tree? Is it muddy or does the water drain fairly well from the area? Yellow clay, which is actually subsoil, is not a good growing media, but most contractors don t appear to care what...

Horticulture: Schubert trees, new leaves, schubert
new leaves, schubert, foliage: Can you get me a photo of these worms? One of the problems is, the chemical I suggest, once I figure out what worm were are dealing with, is the chemical may be a restricted use product. First lets see what bug we are working with. Send the photo to dale.softley@gmail.com,...

Horticulture: white bugs in my house plants, croton house plant, miraclegrow
croton house plant, miraclegrow, fly paper: Sorry to be slow getting back to you, this is a crazy summer, all the work hit at once. I would try immersing the pot and all in water for a few minutes to an hour, then set it some place to drain. See what floats to the top, if they are living in the soil...

Horticulture: yellow leaves on chokecherry bushes, soil probes, soil probe
soil probes, soil probe, soil air: I this makes me wonder if the roots are getting enough oxygen, that is, are they setting in water, that is not letting soil air in. (there cannot be air and water in the same space at the same time.) Do you know what the soil is like under the plants? If...

Horticulture: correlation between tree size & root spread, horticultural experience, sewage system
horticultural experience, sewage system, softley: Ken, I am not sure pruning the trees will stop their root growth. I suggest you contact someone with more horticultural experience with trees than I have. If the plants are 50 feed from the building I doubt the roots will cause damage that far away, but I...

Horticulture: elephant palm, elephant foot, error approach
elephant foot, error approach, bedroom windows: First, this question is out of my area of expertise. I suppose it is possible the flowers could cause an allergenic reaction. Have you traveled away from the house and gotten better? This would be somewhat of a trial and error approach, but if you cleared...

Horticulture: gardenia pruning, gardenia plants, softley
gardenia plants, softley, sheers: One can remove both the green and brown wood. As you know the flowers for next year are formed shortly after flowers have dropped off this year. Use sharp sheers to make clean cuts, other wise just remove as much as you want to make a nice shape of the plant....

Horticulture: gooseberry, currant, gooseberry plants, red currant
gooseberry plants, red currant, fertility program: Alla, It sounds like your fertility program is fairly good. Do you have bees that come around in the spring? Bee help pollinate plants, this may be what is missing. If you are looking for a new adventure add some bees to your garden program. For pruning,...

Horticulture: growing bird of paradise bushes from pods., softley, bird of paradise
softley, bird of paradise, pods: Jim, I have never tried to grow a bird of paradise from seed, so I am going to need to look this up. It may have a dormancy period or requirement to break before germination. Let me do some looking and I will get back to you. what have you tried so far?...

Horticulture: hormone fertilizer, cow manure, water melons
cow manure, water melons, softley: From what I know about hormone fertilizer it has little value in speeding up maturity or produce size. Maybe someone can point me to valid research showing it will help. I don t know the answer to your question. Composted cow manure is the best fertilizer...

Horticulture: Mandevilla vine, softley, mechanical damage
softley, mechanical damage, thanks for your patience: Mary, Thanks for the question and photo. I will need to do some research on this. I do not know off the top of my head. In some ways it looks like a mechanical damage, other parts look like a disease. Let me do some research on this. In the meantime please...

Horticulture: propagation, oxalis, softley
oxalis, softley, offshoots: Ed, I am not sure what the problem is. My Oxalis are growing like crazy, and flower all summer. I divide mine ever so often as the out grow the pot. I think the flowers may only last one day, something you might check on. I have never looked for seeds on...

Horticulture: Sunflower plants, cell elongation, sunflower plants
cell elongation, sunflower plants, sun flower: Mark, I tried to give you enough information so you could answer your own question. In the very earliest of the morning the head will still be facing a westerly direction as it did at sun set the previous day, by mid morning it will have tilted back into...

Horticulture: sago palm, sago palms, sago palm
sago palms, sago palm, decorative ponds: Kathleen, I am not sure what is going on. Can you send some photos, some general view of the palm, and some very closeup of the damage. Make sure the close ups are in focus. You may need to be about 24 inches from the subject to keep it in focus. My direct...

Horticulture: I think I poisoned my Weeping Birch tree, weeping birch tree, nasty side effects
weeping birch tree, nasty side effects, gmail: It could have gotten your tree. This product, as all auxin herbicides, can vaporize after application during a hot day, and drift places where it is not wanted. I am not sure how much root activity it has, but most auxin herbicides can be absorbed via the...

Horticulture: Veg. Plants, tomatoe plants, plant pathologist
tomatoe plants, plant pathologist, plant tomatoes: Interesting question. Can you send a series of photos of these plants? There may be something in the soil going on here. I am not a plant pathologist but know some that might be able to help. I don t what to get your hopes up for a quick answer. Has this...

Horticulture: Lithops EMERGENCY!, hours of sun, facing window
Horticulture: Lithops EMERGENCY!, hours of sun, facing window, root rot

Horticulture: Hybrid Dahlias, two basic colors, environmental factor
two basic colors, environmental factor, cherry tree: These are the things that make scientist go HMMMmmm We know the genetics of the tree did not change. Do you have any photos of the little cherries? Where do you live? What is the history of the land you are living on? Is it a new development or old established...

Horticulture: Lithops EMERGENCY!, plant person, max temps
plant person, max temps, ventilated place: Gisela, I did some quick research on lithrops, as I have never grown one myself. The photos help, but I am not sure what is going on. I wonder if it is getting enough direct sun, but I am not sure that is the problem. I suggest trying another plant person....

Horticulture: Lucky Bamboo move, bamboo plants, new leaves
bamboo plants, new leaves, bamboo plant: Jennifer, I would expect the plant to fully recover, expecting it to take a few months to fully perk up. I must say that I have very limited experience with bamboo plants. I think if you continue to care for it as you have in the past it will get better....

Horticulture: apple tree, apple orchard, alabame
apple orchard, alabame, apple trees: First let me say I don t know why it is not blooming, let me do some research into this. I have never heard of a horse apple, but I have not worked that much with apples. We have a retired entomologist that has a large apple orchard, I will run this past...

Horticulture: bougainvilleo, softley, compounds
softley, compounds, soil: My suggestion is to start with new growth in sand. Keep the sand moist but not standing in water. If you have a mister going set it near the mist. You may want to use one of the rooting compounds. Not sure why the plant is not happy in southern AZ. Can...

Horticulture: Compost, compost pile, softley
compost pile, softley, gmail: Diane, I have several questions about your question. Can you send me a copy of the test results. What material have you been putting into the compost pile? How big is the pile? I am not sure it will cause any problems from adding the gypsum, but I wonder...

Horticulture: Plant sexuality..., female sexes, both sex organs
female sexes, both sex organs, sexual organs: Maxen Some plants have flowers with both sex organs, others have both sexual organs but located on different parts of the plant. Corn has the male (pollen) on the top of the plant and the ear midway on the plant (the female). Flowers having both sex organs...

Horticulture: science fair, science research project, middle school teacher
science research project, middle school teacher, nebraska area: Yes, your students may contact me. I suggest they use dale.softley@gmail.com as there is limit how much data we can run through Allexperts. I have been judging Science Fairs for 20 years plus in the Nebraska area. Were are you located? Dale Softley ...

Horticulture: tomatoes, guava leaves, softley
guava leaves, softley, question sir: This sounds interesting. I need more information on your project so I know what all has happened. Can you send a protocol used, and photos. I suspect the changes you are seeing are normal variation, but I am not sure. Send your information to me at dale.softley@gmail.com....

Horticulture: wheat, wheat farmers, wheat farm
wheat farmers, wheat farm, dependable sources: Dan: The only reason I can think of would be for those people with celiac disease who are allergic to gluten found is wheat and some other grains. There is considerable information on the net about celiac when I checked Bing & Goggle. People have been eating...

Horticulture: Satsuma Tree
Horticulture: Satsuma Tree

Horticulture: too many seeds, pollen tube growth, citrus seeds
Horticulture: too many seeds, pollen tube growth, citrus seeds, viable seeds

Horticulture: The future of crop production?, 6th grade science, softley
6th grade science, softley, future food: Phoebe, Yes, I have several thoughts or incites about our future food production. It will take me a few minutes to write them out into a usable form, or I can do a telephone interview, which I have done for several other students. Can you give me a general...

Horticulture: Growing seeds in liquids, growing seeds, ph factor
growing seeds, ph factor, ph level: You have two or three things going on here. Seeds by their very nature require water to germinate and grow on. I would have expected the available water in the OJ to have at least germinated the seeds, unless the pH was to low. Coke has all kinds of properties...

Horticulture: purchase Murcott orange tree, honey tangerines, avocada
honey tangerines, avocada, seed catalogs: Thanks for the update. I am a seed planter also, I have a grapefruit that was about 15 year old from a seed when it got killed. Now I am teaching my Grandchildren to save seeds and plant. It is always fun to see what comes up. About the avocada, I am not...

Horticulture: Rubber tree plant with multiple stalks, rubber tree plant, softley
rubber tree plant, softley, sharp knife: Rob, the only way I know of to determine this is to take the tree out of its pot and look at crown or where roots start, and see if they are attached. Even if they are attached I think you could cut them apart with a sharp knife, and repot them as separate...

Horticulture: Satsuma Tree, softley, gmail
softley, gmail, additional photos: Can you send additional photos of the whole tree? My e-mail is dale@softley.com or dale.softley@gmail.com, both should work. I am not sure why is has not produced anything editable yet. What kind of soil is it in, and could something have contaminated the...

Horticulture: Strange Fungi, smooth texture, close ups
smooth texture, close ups, fungi: Can you send me some photographs, please include some of the general area, showing where they are and the area around them, and some close ups (in focus) of the fungi. Take at the highest resolution you can as I will enlarge them as I look at them. Where...

Horticulture: too many seeds, e mail account, noxious chemicals
e mail account, noxious chemicals, softley: Debbie, I could not find a quick answer, so will contact some agronomist in CA, and pick their brain. This may take a few days. As for damage from the golf course putting chemicals on. In my opinion there is no health risk. These arguments have a life...

Horticulture: poison ivy, motorcycle helmet, google search
motorcycle helmet, google search, interior fabric: Renee, I am not sure that I have a good answer. A good soap & water should remove most of the oil from the plant. I think a soap that is basic(pH 7) not acid would do a better job, I have not been able to verify this with a google search. I am sure other people...

Horticulture: Schefflera, schefflera plant, potting soil
schefflera plant, potting soil, leaf drop: I strongly suspect it may be rootbound, and new soil would help it greatly. Can you tip it over and remove the plant from the pot. Look at the root ball, and remove as much soil as possible, and replace it with new potting soil. Some of the roots will break...

Horticulture: Bougainvillea plants, magic switch, softley
magic switch, softley, pot: I think you are doing all you can, there is no magic switch that will start it growing again. It is probably doing something internally that can not bee seen, it may set that way for 6 months or so. Keep me informed how it is doing. Please send a photo, to...

Horticulture: broken indoor yucca leaf, yucca plant, broken leaf
yucca plant, broken leaf, softley: To the best of my knowledge there is no way to mend a broken leaf. If the tissue is still in tact, and the leaf stays green it is working, but does not look real nice. I would cut if off, and make the plant look as nice as one can. The plant will live without...

Horticulture: Jade plant dropping stems, jade plant, softley
jade plant, softley, good answer: I am not coming up with a good answer for the mush. I am sure it some kind of bacterial rot, that said I don t have a solution to stop it. One may have to dispose of the infected plant to protest the others, or at lease isolate it. Sorry I can t give you...

Horticulture: peace lillies, Peace Lilies
Peace Lilies: There are things that can be done with the Peace Lilies. If you will give me a call at 800-324-7487, I should be in the office most of the day. The first thing I would do is cut the top leaves off just above the growing point about 1 inch or so. (They will...

Horticulture: Shipping Citrus, fruit insect, insect problems
fruit insect, insect problems, fexex: I would be inclined to put it into a large styrene cooler to ship just to control temperature intransit. Check with FexEx or UPS about shipping regulation, but I think it cam be trucked anywhere. You need to check about ag product shipments, I know some states...

Horticulture: Land Fertility, cow dung, land fertility
cow dung, land fertility, manure applications: Abhishek, This is a difficult question to answer in a few words. With areas of high rain fall it is difficult to keep fertility in the root zone. One can not add the whole seasons worth at one time. To that extent an organic source that is actually decomposing...

Horticulture: moss, fir trees, deciduous trees
fir trees, deciduous trees, necessary environment: With out knowing details, I would say that location has the necessary environment for that specific moss to grow and prosper. The increased humidity may have made it more common in that specific locality. Is this moss to your location, or have you noticed...

Horticulture: nitrogen, urea nitrogen, chicken manure
urea nitrogen, chicken manure, chicken droppings: Chicken manure can be very hot in that it contains urea nitrogen. You can use it but don t use too much. If you have a way to compost it for a year would be much better. Also how much straw or bedding is in it? The dropping from under the roost will be...

Horticulture: purchase Murcott orange tree, honey tangerines, avocada
honey tangerines, avocada, seed catalogs: Thanks for the update. I am a seed planter also, I have a grapefruit that was about 15 year old from a seed when it got killed. Now I am teaching my Grandchildren to save seeds and plant. It is always fun to see what comes up. About the avocada, I am not...

Horticulture: roses, softley, pink flowers
softley, pink flowers, gmail: James, this is a new one on me. Can you send some photos of this plant. I don t have an answer off the top of my head. Send it to dale.softley@gmail.com Please take them on the highest resolution you can, so I can enlarge them to look at details. Is it putting...

Horticulture: Ferilizer for Raspberries, urea fertilizer, soil probes
urea fertilizer, soil probes, cow manure: Tony, Have you done a soil test, and know what elements are low in your soil? Chicken manure is high in urea nitrogen, and a host of other trace minerals. Most composted manurers will have about the same elements. If nitrogen is the main element you are...

Horticulture: Round-Up, adhesion and cohesion, plant roots
adhesion and cohesion, plant roots, softley: I am not sure the electrical charge is the active transport mechanism, but it may be a passive reason. I suspect adhesion and cohesion are more involved, relating to the transpiration of leaves. I am not aware of the exact mode of transportation of glyphosate...

Horticulture: tree removal, lincoln nebraska, walnut tree
lincoln nebraska, walnut tree, local companies: Connie, I have two people in mind that work with wood and might be interested. BTW I am in Lincoln, NE also. How big is this tree? Office phone is 488-2550 I talked with Ernest Thayer, and he is interested but wants to know more about it, and see it,...

Horticulture: walnut trees, bumper crops, walnut trees
bumper crops, walnut trees, nut trees: I am not aware of anything the actually works, that said the insecticide seven has been known to decrease the apple yield when applied during blooming. I don t know if it would work on nut trees or not. To stay on label one needs to be applying seven when...

Horticulture: Moses in the Bullrushes, moses in the bulrushes, southern missouri
Horticulture: Moses in the Bullrushes, moses in the bulrushes, southern missouri

Horticulture: Moses in the Bullrushes, moses in the bulrushes, rhoeo discolor
moses in the bulrushes, rhoeo discolor, rhoeo spathacea: I found this information online. It might help. Dale Softley Rhoeo discolor Tradescantia spathacea, Rhoeo spathacea, Oyster plant, Boat lily, Cradle lily, Moses in his cradle, Moses on a raft, Moses in the bulrushes, Men in a boat Small foliage plant...

Horticulture: Olive tree-bug, little holes, softley
little holes, softley, little bug: Can you please send me some photographs of the holes, and the shell of the insect. Any other good photos always help. When did you first see the holes? Are there signs of fresh activity, (sawdust). How old is the tree? Do you see anything think on the underside...

Horticulture: pruning lilacs, pruning lilacs, softley
pruning lilacs, softley, buds: Chuck, If possible prune lilac now, once it has finished blooming. Then buds for next year will form on the new growth of this year. There are several articles on pruning on line, but I must admit mine get pruned when ever I have the cutters in my hand, and...

Horticulture: Cordyline Burgundy Spire, Cordhyline
Cordhyline: I apologize for the delay in answering you question. Do you know the pH of your soil? How permeable is the soil, does water disappear fairly quickly or does it stay on top for several minutes or hours? What is the subsoil like, or what is under this plant...

Horticulture: college advice, plant science department, botany program
plant science department, botany program, horticulture classes: Joshua, I am happy to answer your questions. I will also offer to set down with you over a cup of coffee or a cool one and discuss the many opinions available. SECC has a very good transfer program. UNL has a good Horticultural and Agronomy program that may...

Horticulture: growing broccoli, grass clippings, leaf mulch
grass clippings, leaf mulch, growing broccoli: I don t have a real good answer, have you tried adding a bag or two of potting mix and or peat?Depending how large your beds are this gets expensive. I suspect fertility is part of the problem but not all of it. I am not big on foliage sprayed fertilizer but...

Horticulture: strawberries, softley, good answer
softley, good answer, strawberries: From what I can learn it appears the plant was once called Scatter berry which became Strawberry. I have also heard because of the plants ability to grow in areas having considerable dry vegetative cover, such as straw or hay. Otherwise I don’t have a real...

Horticulture: zuccini, stink bugs, softley
stink bugs, softley, zuccini: What kind of bugs and worms are you seeing in and around the plant? Last year stink bugs took over our zucchini, because we have bees I did not go after them with chemicals. Can you send me a photo of the cut area of a stalk or stem? If you have the time,...

Horticulture: starting woody bushes, state flower, rooting hormone
state flower, rooting hormone, wet sand: Take cuttings from new growth, and put them in moist to wet sand, and it should take root. Using a little rooting hormone might help, make several cuttings, not all will root. Put them into 4 to 6 inches of wet sand, it may take several weeks, watch the...

Horticulture: Creeping Cucumber, roundup in the spring, shrubbery
roundup in the spring, shrubbery, cucumber: Roundup is the only thing I know of that will work, the trick is to not get the plants is is growing on. Winter kills ours back, so we can get part of it in the spring by spraying the parts we can. I have not tried to “mop” the leaves with a paint brush .I...

Horticulture: Poplar, inconveniance, poplar tree
inconveniance, poplar tree, softley: Bud, I am not sure I am the best one to answer this, but my inclination is to let the tree grow for a few years, then cut the root tie from the old tree any time of the year. I think it will grow to about the same size as the parent tree. You might check with...

Horticulture: venus fly traps, venus fly traps, venus fly trap
venus fly traps, venus fly trap, good answer: Hank, I have not forgotten about you, I have not came up with a good answer, yet. Please send me a message at dale@softley.com. that will clear up a pending question on this board.We are having a very busy fall, which is good but I am getting behind. Dale...

Horticulture: willow tree, willow tree, sand tray
willow tree, sand tray, moist sand: Take some new branches and put them in water. Spring time is best, but if you don t have that much time, just cut several branches and put them in a bucket of water. It may take 8 weeks to get roots. One can also put branches in a moist sand tray. Let me...

Horticulture: azeleas, azalea plant, softley
azalea plant, softley, drop cloth: Allen, can you send me some close up photos of this plant. Have you looked at the leaves for any signs of insects? It sounds like your watering in correctly. How big of a pot is it in, and what kind of soil is it in? Turn the pot over and gently remove the...

Horticulture: Cape Sundew, sundew
sundew: MY suggestion is to keep it near a mister outside during the summer, don t spray it directly as some plants are fussy about chemicals in city water. During the winter if you have a room humidifier, run it in the same room, near the plant, again not letting...

Horticulture: Lilac, garden plants, softley
garden plants, softley, plant food: Once they have the roots established I would leave them alone for the winter. For plant food, probably a little compost around the base will be as good as any thing. I don t get very excited about fertilizing most garden plants. A little compost will work...

Horticulture: Would America have enough affordable food to survive without GMO's and, range livestock, bump in the road
range livestock, bump in the road, political interference: Did this answer most of your questions...

Horticulture: Do I have a natural mutation and is it viable?, natural mutation, clorophyl
natural mutation, clorophyl, neoregelia: I am not sure just what you have, can you send a set of photos? (dale@softley.com) I suspect its a normal reproduction, but it could be something new and different. Mutations happen all the time. It should be viable, that said, until it grows and reproduces...

Horticulture: Where to purchase propagating flats, Plastic flats
Plastic flats: I thought I could turn to my pile of catalogs and get you a quick answer, not so. Let me look more and see what I can find. Drop me a note at dale@softley.com, be sure to mark the subject line with plants or something to get my attention, and I will get...

Horticulture: Beans vs. Peas, grain sorghum, chick peas
grain sorghum, chick peas, colloquial names: There is a difference between peas and beans, and there are several varieties of each. They are in the same family of plants but each has characters for the species. As for chick peas and garbanzo beans, there are names that are called colloquial names that...

Horticulture: hydrangeas, soil acidity, aluminium sulphate
soil acidity, aluminium sulphate, acid soil: Hi Danielle, Some hydrangea cultivars are color specific. An example of a white variety would be pee gee . There is a new (supposedly) true red variety called forever and ever Red . In most hydrangea s, color is determined by soil acidity. Blue indicates...

Horticulture: Mystery Plant, bright indirect light, halogen spotlight
bright indirect light, halogen spotlight, leaf margins: Hi Mac, It is a Red Emerald Philodendron. It survives quite nicely in a wide range of conditions. I ve grown them in only artificial office lighting. I would say ideal conditions would be medium bright, indirect light, 80F, 80% humidity, in slightly...

Horticulture: plants, pygmy barberry, woody plants
pygmy barberry, woody plants, euonymous: Hi Richard, Yes, all are shrubs, so they are perennial in the sense that they live from year to year. When we think of perennials, however, we are generally referring to herbaceous (non-woody) plants that live more than 2 years. Annuals grow, bloom,...

Horticulture: Sick clover --, flower pots, potting soil
flower pots, potting soil, poor shape: William. I understand what you are saying. The plant is actually an Oxalis. Where do you live? can the plant be outside and not freeze? I just brought mine in yesterday evening before it froze. Mine spend all summer outside. They multiply like crazy when...

Horticulture: Companion Planting, apricot trees, plum trees
apricot trees, plum trees, pluots: Dear Mr. Softly, While reading books on companion planting, I ve noticed all of them saying not to plant apricot trees anywhere near plum trees. Why? The grocery store sells pluots which are a cross of plum/apricot. What s the story? Thanks, Mark Mark,...

Horticulture: peace lily and insects, worms
Horticulture: peace lily and insects, worms

Horticulture: peace lily and insects, peace lily, small flies
peace lily, small flies, local grocery store: Thanks for the reply. Where do you live? Can the Peace Lillies be set outside for a few days, and not freeze. Mine spend most of the summer outside. See if the flys and larva go away when you put them outside. I am not sure the Lillie are the source of this...

Horticulture: indoor plants, light plants, indoor plants
light plants, indoor plants, low sun: Pierre, I am not sure there are any real low-light plants that will do what I think your wanting to do. You might try some herbs like basil or mint. If you have a bright grow light tomatoes might work. I tried some lettuce this spring which did not work well...

Horticulture: Siberian Elm Leaf Problem, pesky critters, siberian elm
Horticulture: Siberian Elm Leaf Problem, pesky critters, siberian elm, diy

Horticulture: poisin ivy, poisin ivy, posin ivy
poisin ivy, posin ivy, roundup herbicide: Betty, I do not have a good suggestion. One way you might try is mixing a solution of Roundup herbicide and carefully applying it the poison Ivy leaves. If your not comfortable spraying it, you can paint it on with a small brush. Have never done this but...

Horticulture: how to remove pear tree, bradford pear tree, small evergreen shrubs
bradford pear tree, small evergreen shrubs, 2 4d: There are several ways this can be handled. 1) cut off the new shoots, and paint or spray round up on the open cut of the shoot, you may need to do this multiple times. 2, cut the shoots and put banvel or 2-4D on the cuts, then put a plastic of somekind over...

Horticulture: Siberian Elm Leaf Problem, insect activity, elm trees
insect activity, elm trees, siberian elm: Kevin, If it is the elm leaf weevil it will not kill the tree but make it look rough. Let me do some more looking and find out what chemicals might work, I am not aware of a natural enemy of the weevil, but there may be one. It maybe a couple of days before...

Horticulture: Cali Lillie Fall Maintenance, fall maintenance, lillie
fall maintenance, lillie, upstate ny: As far as I know the only thing special about putting them min pots is to use new soil each fall, and keep well watered. In the spring untangle their roots the best you can and plant. I suggest setting the pots so they get direct sun sometime during the day....

Horticulture: Corn and Cucumbers, european corn borer, corn farmers
european corn borer, corn farmers, corn stalk: Sorry for being so late here. I think you are dealing with a corn borer, does it have a dark head? It will make pin holes in the leaves as they unrole, this same critter can get into the stalk of several other plants. The trick is to spray before it gets...

Horticulture: Growing strawberries at home in a pot, growing strawberries in pots, strawberry plants
growing strawberries in pots, strawberry plants, fruits and vegetables: On the re-poting, take as much soil as you can along with the plant, my suggestion is to use a spoon and work around the plant taking as much soil as you can, and you may loose one or two plants in the process, That is normal. As for the fertilizer, plants...

Horticulture: mealy bugs on holly shrubs, mealy bugs, insecticidal soaps
mealy bugs, insecticidal soaps, lady bug: Beth, there are some insecticidal soaps that should work, if that does not do it look at some of the stronger insecticides at the local big box store . Read the label on one or two of them, it should include mealy bugs. If not send me a message and I ll...

Horticulture: River Birch problem, river birch, visual differences
river birch, visual differences, softley: This is interesting. has there been any type of damage to the roots on the poor side of the tree? Will you send a few photos of the tree, at least one showing the whole tree, and 3 or 4 of the leaves (get as close as you can and still stay in focus)? At...

Horticulture: Siberian Elm Leaf Problem, siberian elm, time kevin
siberian elm, time kevin, softley: As I think about this, it almost has to be an insect, as mechanical damage would have some indicators about what is causing it. Weevils will leave the thicker part of the leaf looking like a skeleton. Hummm! My direct e-mail is dale@softley.com, some where...

Horticulture: Siberian Elm Leaf Problem, insect activity, elm trees
insect activity, elm trees, siberian elm: Kevin, If it is the elm leaf weevil it will not kill the tree but make it look rough. Let me do some more looking and find out what chemicals might work, I am not aware of a natural enemy of the weevil, but there may be one. It maybe a couple of days before...

Horticulture: container gardening, porous pot, clay pots
porous pot, clay pots, plastic containers: It probably does not make any difference if pots are glazed or not. I like the unglazed pots, but have no scientific support. So in reality it does not make much if any difference what the pots are made of. I us a lot of plastic containers for plants. ...

Horticulture: Killing unwanted trees and bushes, venemous snakes, brush hog
venemous snakes, brush hog, squirt bottle: Give me a call at 800-324-7487, you will need to identify yourself with the front office, but it will come to me. If I am out it will forward to my cell, and I ll get it directly. There are several options. I am not fond of snakes either. If you can give...

Horticulture: 50+ year old indoor orange plant, orange plant, softley
orange plant, softley, pots: If there is a photo attached it did not make it. If you can please send me a photo of this plant so I have a better idea where to start. How big of a pot is it now in? You will need a larger pot and fresh soil. I like pots with a hole in the bottom, setting...

Horticulture: botanical name Coleus, resources information network, flower show
resources information network, flower show, coleus: Hi Shannon, Thanks for your question. according to the USDA GRIN (Germplasam Resources Information Network), the name Solenostemon Scutellarioides was verified in June, 2010. I m including a link, which lists all accessions and references. I hope this...

Horticulture: iron uptake, iron uptake, softley
iron uptake, softley, e mail: Mohammad: The best answered I can come up with is: the soil or water pH does some regulation of the iron availability. I am sorry I don t have a better answer. I will be attending a vegetable conference in Jan., and will see if one of their experts has an...

Horticulture: Grew a rare plant from seed & need tips to further its' health, vanilla ice cream, micro climates
vanilla ice cream, micro climates, mini greenhouse: I believe what you have is Inga Edulis. It is supposed to be easy to grow from seed. It sounds like you have provided it with an environment where it can thrive. As you have already surmised, it will not tolerate winter conditions, being tropical. They are...

Horticulture: high CO2 concentration in a green house, double pane glass, atmospheric carbon dioxide
double pane glass, atmospheric carbon dioxide, carbon dioxide concentration: Dear Takashi, The co2 level in a greenhouse is effected by factors such as ventilation, sun, and even the health status of the plants themselves. A double pane glass greenhouse co2 level will differ widely from a polyfilm one. Different plants have different...

Horticulture: Amaryllis Leaves, home greenhouse, moisture probe
home greenhouse, moisture probe, typical dinner: Ed: What you describe is the normal life cycle of the amaryllis for leaves. I take mine out of the pot ever two or three years and let them dry down completely, rest a few months then re-pot them. I am not sure it is necessary to removed them, from the pot....

Horticulture: Asparagus, asparagus plants, female plants
asparagus plants, female plants, red berries: Dear Samantha, No! This is a food-making part of the plant. You didn t mention how old your asparagus is, but you shouldn t look to harvest until it s 3 yrs old. Too early harvest can exhaust the plants. Lightly fertilize your asparagus plants in the...

Horticulture: Calcium Carbonate, egg shells, potting soil
egg shells, potting soil, calcium carbonate: As far as I know they should not damage the plants. Most soil has enough Ca but I don t think one at a time would hurt the soil. I had never though about using minerals this way. Don t put too much on, I think a tablet would last a long time in a pot of soil....

Horticulture: Jade Plant - mushy stem, jade plant, root structure
jade plant, root structure, jane jane: Jane, I think it should be repotted into fresh soil, and probably new pots. I would be inclined to divide it into two or three pots, depending what it looks like when taken from the original pot. I expect there are roots and not much soil left. Try to work...

Horticulture: project, paper birch, disease mortality
paper birch, disease mortality, mature plants: Hi Farshad, Size, ability to reproduce, susceptibility to injury and disease, mortality rate. In some species, the characteristics of the plant or leaf may change, as in Sassafras developing a lobate leaf, or the bark of paper birch turning white. Some...

Horticulture: tri-color beech tree propagation, tri color beech tree, tree propagation
tri color beech tree, tree propagation, rooting hormone: Hi Gordon, You can try taking cuttings and rooting them, otherwise, you would have to propagate it through grafting. I would try using new growth tips, or semi-hard wood cuttings. I have the best luck rooting things in plain builders sand using a rooting...

Horticulture: Expected size of bush, picea pungens, globosa
picea pungens, globosa, plant finder: Hi Judy, I m sorry to be so long answering. We just had a hurricane here, and I was without power for a week. This particular blue spruce only reaches 5 ft. It can be wider than it is tall. I m giving you a website address below: http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/gardens-gardening/your-garden/plant-finder/plant-details/kc/c825/picea-pungens-glauca-globosa.aspx...

Horticulture: staghorn fern feeding, sphagnum moss, fish emulsion
sphagnum moss, fish emulsion, coffee grounds: Hi Nancy, I m sure the plant when down through lack of care. Is it mounted on a board in Sphagnum moss? Has it been kept outside in indirect light? They like high humidity, and moderate to frequent watering. I was going to suggest deodorized fish emulsion...

Horticulture: Being driven insane by desert rose, pesticide drift, pesticide spray
pesticide drift, pesticide spray, spider mites: Hi Jill, How frustrating! I ve been looking around on the web and this seems to be a common problem with desert rose. I m including a link to a discussion about it at garden web. We ve tried all the usual suspects; root rot, spider mites, etc. Your...

Horticulture: Persimmon Tree
Hi Helene, I love puzzles like this. My answer will be influenced by which kind of persimmon it is. The first is the native Virginia Persimmon. It makes small fruit that is astringent and inedible until it s ripe. It likes to grow in fence-rows on the...

Horticulture: plant ID and care
Hi Rebecca, Pieris gets phytophthora root disease easily in pots - especially after periods of too much water. We re going to have to look at the roots, and maybe do surgery before repotting it into new, sterile potting soil. First, prune off any dead...

Horticulture: Florist gloxinia
Hi Randy, This is a fairly common problem in Gloxinias especially during winter, when they require less water, so there is less leaching of soil nutrients. Gloxinias are very sensitive to ammonia, so avoid all forms of ammonicial nitrogen for awhile. ...

Horticulture: cactus shoots
Hi Kenny, I ve written to cactus expert Mike Hellmann of the Henry Shaw Cactus and Succulent Society, along with a picture of your cactus. Here is what I wrote: Dear Mike, I am a horticulturist in Baton Rouge, La. I volunteer in plant identification...

Horticulture: Photosynthesis process and its applications.
Hi Prashant, I ll be happy to gather all the information I can find for you. This first link has an interesting slide show - this is the Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis. http://solarfuelshub.org/ Dr. Devens Gust is a leader in this field...

Horticulture: Photosynthesis process and its applications.
Prashant: Yes photosynthesis is critical to most forms of life as we know it. The conversion of carbon dioxide to sugar and starch is what keeps us going. I am not sure just what answer you are looking for. Please refine you question. But yes photosynthesis...

Horticulture: Where can I find corn cobs wide enough for corn cob pipes?, corn cob pipe, corn cob pipes
corn cob pipe, corn cob pipes, missouri meerschaum: Interesting question. I will need to do some research on this and get back to you. Tell me what you have tried so I don t duplicate your work. My direct e-mail is dale@softley.com, be sure to say something about corn cobs in subject so I catch it. Dale...

Horticulture: hand pollination, hand pollination, rainfall in the uk
hand pollination, rainfall in the uk, victoria plum: Hi Brian, There are several ways to do this, and other things you might do to improve your crop. Hand pollination can be achieved using a small artist paint brush, a cotton swab, or by picking a pollen loaded flower and touching the stigmas with it. Although...

Horticulture: Aloe Vera as a Fertiliser Substitute, aloe vera juice, universal panacea
aloe vera juice, universal panacea, organic fertilizer: Hi Jessica, I would first try using it as a supplement, rather than a substitute. If you re trying to go organic, use planttone, or another organic fertilizer, which is balanced in nutrients. I have read that aloe vera juice is beneficial for darn near...

Horticulture: Venus fly traps and gene splicing, venus fly trap, venus fly traps
venus fly trap, venus fly traps, insect prey: Hi Davis, Phytomining and creating hyperaccumulators hasn t exactly come in my way, but I would like to help you, if I can. I m good at research, and I already know a lot more than I did an hour ago. In order to really help you, I think we will need to...

Horticulture: cross pollination, suzanne ashworth, cucurbita maxima
suzanne ashworth, cucurbita maxima, cross pollination: Hi Dawn, This is an extremely interesting question. What information exists on the subject is conflicting. According to Suzanne Ashworth s Seed to Seed , all of the species of Phylsalis are perfect and self-pollinating. Tomatillo, P. ixocarpa, will...

Horticulture: mandevilla, red flowers, softley
red flowers, softley, answering the question: Sorry for the delay in answering the question. I have my doubts it will leaf out. Will you please send a photo of it planted. Other words, what does it look like now. Get as close as possible and still get the entire plant. If you bend a branch does it...

Horticulture: Small tree grown in a pot, weeping caragana, hardiness zone
weeping caragana, hardiness zone, rot problems: Hi Judy, Root growth is commensurate with top growth. A 4 ft. tall plant will generally require a pot that is 18-22 inches in diameter. Here is the thing about growing in pots - ideally, the plant has room to grow, but not so much that it is unable to...

Horticulture: Bed Bug control with Bean Leaves (trichomes), controlling bed bugs, dolichos lablab
controlling bed bugs, dolichos lablab, pod pole: Hi Sam, Even though the practice is historical, research into it is recent. I m sure you know that Kidney Beans, Kentucky Wonder, Yellow Wax, Navy, Black, Blue Lake, etc. are all P. Vulgaris . I cannot find a study where distinction is made between...

Horticulture: Japanese Maple Spongy Fungus, shelf fungus, marcellus ny
shelf fungus, marcellus ny, plant pathologist: Hi Drew, It s not a good sign, I m afraid. Most shelf fungus - like Mossy Maple Polypore -attack wounds in trees and decompose the wood. Some trees live decades with the problem and others don t. I would remove as much of the fungus as I could without...

Horticulture: Mandevilla plant, liquid fertilizer, buds
liquid fertilizer, buds, dirt: Hi Dave, Try giving it more light, along with a liquid fertilizer in which the middle number is the highest. The label should say something about blooming and/or rooting, and have a formula like 9-59-8 or 12-55-6. Let the soil dry out between waterings...

Horticulture: meaning of word, peacock butterfly, genus of plants
peacock butterfly, genus of plants, pons asinorum: Dear Q, Blame Linnaeus. He first called the White Peacock Butterfly Papilio Jatrophae in 1763. He also named the plant genus in the family Euphorbeaceae in 1753. Jatrophae means of Jatropha in Latin, but there is no such place, and this butterfly doesn...

Horticulture: varieties of Portulaca (Moss Roses), moss roses, melinda myers
moss roses, melinda myers, portulaca: Hi Lana, I found at least a partial answer from Melinda Myers. I ll share the link below. She lists Sundance , Sundial, and Afternoon Delight as the varieties which stay open longer during the day. Hope this helps! I would also think that the ones...

Horticulture: Could you help me on my science fair project?
Hi Peyton, I ll help, but I won t do the work for you, or you won t learn, and you might miss out on things worth knowing. Aspirin is an acid that actually comes from several plants, including Willow and Aspen trees. The difference between Acids and...

Horticulture: Mandevilla does not bloom, liquid fertilizer, jump start
liquid fertilizer, jump start, mandevilla: Hi Ron, Try stressing it out a little - keeping it dry to the point of wilt, then water with a liquid fertilizer where the middle number (Phosphorous) is the highest. It should have a formula for blooming like 9-59-8 or 12- 55-6. As it begins to bud,...

Horticulture: Unknown Deciduous Plant
Hi Alex, I m not sure what I m looking at. It appears to have a flower - could you send me a closeup of that? Also, you say it s deciduous, but it s covered with leaves in November. When you say landscape barrier, do you mean it s a ground cover or a...

Horticulture: Corn Plant
Hi Autumn, If it wasn t actually 32F inside for more than a couple of hours, the plant may very well still be alive. If it just happened, you need to wait a week or so before doing any cutting on it. Check the soil; make sure it s moist, but not wet....

Horticulture: mylar bulbs
Hi Ruth, Hyacinth bulbs grow well with daffodils. The daffodil bulbs may actually deter mice, squirrels, etc., that would otherwise dig and eat the mylar bulbs. If you re growing peaches, then you probably get enough chilling hours for the bulbs to re-bloom...

Horticulture: Green potatoes
Hi Robert, Thanks for an interesting question. When potatoes form above the soil line and are exposed to light, they develop solanine, a toxin common in the Nightshade family to which they belong. It is not destroyed by cooking. I would cut and discard...

Horticulture: Horticulture
My friend I m not sure there is an answer to your question. Part of the answer would depend upon when man appeared on earth.can you rephrase your question has to win man purse to. Maybe I can get you a better answer.thank you for asking it is an interesting...

Horticulture: Horticulture
Hi Lucy, Aroma usually refers to a pleasant smell. It is often associated with fine wines, but it can also be used for the scent of other drinks (like hot chocolate), or foods (like freshly baked bread), or even flowers and herbs. I have heard it used...

Horticulture: Science homework
Hi Kev, Flowers absorb and release water in 3 ways: Osmosis, Capillary action and Transpiration. I don t know if you re working with whole plants or just cut flowers, but it doesn t make much difference in the answer. Some plants/flowers are built to...

Horticulture: Red Salvia
My experience is once they brown off they are done, for the most part they have grown well for me, even in hot sun on the west side of the house. What kind of soil are they planted in? Have you grown flowers there before? I don t remember them fading, just...

Horticulture: Red Salvia
Hi Richard, Are they in pots, or in the ground? Salvia likes to be on the dry side. Here in Louisiana, we ve had a lot of rain lately, and ours is looking puny, too. They get a stem rot with excess water. It looks like brown or black lesions on the...

Horticulture: Annual versus perennial
Hi Janet, No and NO. I have kept annuals going for 2 years at least. That doesn t make them biennial. Some plants (like tomatoes for instance), are really perennial, but act like annuals where we grow them. A Blackeyed Susan (Redbeckia sp) grown in Louisiana...

Horticulture: Classifying and naming plants
Hi Janet, I found some used equipment for sale - starting in the 5 figure range. Ag Bio-tech labs will genotype one plant for $227.20 - you need 92 samples per SNP (single nucleotide polymorphism). http://www.agbiotech.net/calculator.html http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3907006/...

Horticulture: Corn smut
This is the first time I have been asked this specific question. Smut normally appears following a hail that damages the seed coat. I am assuming anything that will damage the kernel seed coat will permit smut to develop. The spores appear to be air-born...

Horticulture: Giant hogweed toxicity
Hi KMJ, Yes, it is. Heracleum mantegazzianum causes a photosensitivity that can last for months. There are other plants that can be as bad, though. The Manchineel tree (Hippomane Manchinella) was used as a method of torture by some of the Carib natives....

Horticulture: NEED YOUR HELP
Hi Ken, The large leaved plant in the foreground looks like a pokeweed (phytolacca americana). The stem gets purplish as it gets older, and it will eventually make purple-black berries. Try looking up some other pictures to compare. Thanks, Susa...

Horticulture: Pollinating by hand
Hi Janet, No, that green mustache is just modified leaves. When the flower is fully open, the female parts stand above the male stamens, which form 2 rings around it - only the inner ring is fertile. You will easily be able to see the yellow pollen,...

Horticulture: Pruning a shrub into a tree
Hi Janet, It s going to take several prunings to get a stem thick enough to hold up all that weight. Also, applying a complete fertilizer midway through the growing season (8-8-8, or 13-13-13) will help. Don t, however, apply nitrogen too late in the...

Horticulture: Stooling
Hi Janet, Yes, but I would do it during the dormant period in winter. Most shrubs can be propagated by stooling. http://www.ces.ncsu.edu/hil/hil-8701.html The above is a good article on plant propagation from NCSU, which includes instructions on...

Horticulture: Corn only a mother could love
That is a pollination issue. I suspect insect may have damaged the silks but do not see any larval damage on the cob. Were there small yellow beetles working in the silks at pollination time? That is my first thought. drop me a note at dale@softley.com and...

Horticulture: Missouri Botanical Gardens
Hi Janet, Yes, the Missouri Botanical Gardens is the oldest and probably the leading plant science research center in the world. They are dedicated to keeping the public informed - that is one of their greatest attributes. They gather the best and the...

Horticulture: apple
Hi Vivek, Sorry for the delay; we ve had trouble with our internet. I have found a website which lists the various rootstocks for apples and the pros and cons of each. I m providing the link below. No matter which you choose, I would recommend that you...

Horticulture: Unknown weed
Hi Fred, That looks like common purslane (portulaca oleracea) from the photo. It is a fleshy, succulent-type weed, and post-emergent herbicides that don t move through the soil (like round-up) don t work well on it. It makes a ton of seeds, too, so it...

Horticulture: Have about 80 Sequoia tree seeds - 25 years old, sequoia tree, tree seeds
sequoia tree, tree seeds, potting soil: Donald, Take several of the seed and cut them open. If the inside is the consistency of a peanut, then there is a slim chance to get them to sprout. If the insides are dried and black or if they are hollow, then they are not viable. To sprout them,...

Horticulture: Air in a pumpkin., good question, respiration
good question, respiration, pumpkin: This is a good question. I will need to look it up or find the answer. I don t know at present, but give me a few days, I would like to know also. Dale Softley I spoke with a colleague, and we think the gas found inside fruits such as pumpkins, and others,...

Horticulture: Azaleas, e mail address, acidic soil
e mail address, acidic soil, azaleas: My experience with Azaleas is limited, so feel comfortable checking with someone else on my answers. Azaleas can be planted any time of the year, but fall is the best. I think you are part way into fall, is this correct. Azaleas like an acidic soil or...

Horticulture: agricultural science, bean plants, light intensity
bean plants, light intensity, softley: Holly, Thank you for the question. I have several questions for you now. Is this a science project? If it is I would like to give you several pointers, as I have judged about 25 science fairs over the years. First, what soil or growth medium are you...

Horticulture: amarylis, slow release fertilizer, optimum growth
slow release fertilizer, optimum growth, amarylis: Unfortunately, it is too late to do anything this season with this plant. Your plant was probably not well rooted, or properly chilled to produce optimum growth and flowering. This often happens when they sit on the shelf too long in the store before proper...

Horticulture: asexual propagation of piper guineensis, woody tissue, softwood cuttings
woody tissue, softwood cuttings, rooting hormone: Piper guineensis is best propagated from softwood cuttings. That is tips from the current seasons growth, but growth that has had time to harden a little and not extremely soft and succulent. Hard woody tissue is going to be very hard to root. Take the...

Horticulture: Baltica English Ivy, foliage loss, ivy vine
foliage loss, ivy vine, calcium chloride: Joe, Unfortunately, the salt is in the soil and short of removing all the soil and replacing it with new, there is nothing else you can do. With time, the salt will wash out from the rains. Thoroughly soaking the area every week might help wash it...

Horticulture: Banana Trees-growth, brown specks, banana trees
brown specks, banana trees, banana tree: Kathy, The banana tree reproduces asexually. There is no exchange of genetic material, and the progeny is genetically identical to the parent. Have you ever taken a slip from a plant, put it in water until it formed roots, then planted it? I have never...

Horticulture: Bean vs. Pea, members of the legume family, genus and species
members of the legume family, genus and species, growth characteristics: Difference between peas and beans, I assume you are aware of the visual difference in the two foods. They are both members of the legume family of plants, but exhibit considerable difference in appearance and growth characteristics. They are totally different...

Horticulture: Beans and Peas, legume family, softley
legume family, softley, drop me a line: I don t really know. I would assume the names have come through history. The genetics of each is well established, and I am not aware of a plant that would look like a cross of a bean and pea. The real answer may be these are the names some society agreed...

Horticulture: Bird of Paradise Plant, scale insect, mature bird
scale insect, mature bird, plant question: Hi Yvonne, I have just realized I neglected to mention scale as the possible pest. If this is the case a simple spraying may not do the trick. If it is scale that you are dealing with, try physically picking the insects off the leaves, and removing any foliage...

Horticulture: Bird of Paradise plant going down hill, bottom portion, bird of paradise
bottom portion, bird of paradise, home depot: Hi David. Unfortunately it could be one of many things affecting your plant. Firstly, have you fed your plant with any fertilizer? Secondly, seeing as though you purchased your plant from home depot I am led to believe that it may most likely be root-bound....

Horticulture: Bougenvillia and geraniums, softley, thisa
softley, thisa, flower shop: Let me do a little research. The geranium is a fairly tough plant, and should over winter well. I need to check on Bougainvillea. My direct e-mail is dale@softley.com, put Bougainvillea in the subject line, and I (or my wife) can respond directly. Off the...

Horticulture: bird of paradise, bird of paradise, thanks john
bird of paradise, thanks john, orchids: To short, huh. OK, here goes. To get any more precise, I have to know more about what you are doing... In what part of the country do you live? Is the plant growing indoors or outdoors? Is it in a pot or in the ground outside? If outdoors, is it...

Horticulture: broken yucca, rooting hormone, yellow leaves
rooting hormone, yellow leaves, green leaves: Hi Tazeen, You may be able to plant the broken part depending on where the plant snapped off. What you can try is making a clean cut across the bottom of the broken stem, applying some rooting hormone and planting it. The rest of the plant should also stay...

Horticulture: Cactus Question--replanting?, colorful fruit, softley
colorful fruit, softley, dixie cup: Shaun, I talked this over with my wife, as our cats would dig hers up every morning, so they had an on going contest. The top part is grafted on, so you have two plants living as one. If the roots are still white in color it should re-grow. The top may...

Horticulture: Cali lilly, dead plants, softley
dead plants, softley, natural death: It somewhat depends on where you live. I talked to my wife about this also. We both think that just let them dry off naturally, and then remove the foliage after it has dried. What part of the U.S. are you in? Can you leave them out all winter? Dale...

Horticulture: Cane Yucca-- yellowing leaves, moist dirt, sized plants
moist dirt, sized plants, wet soil: I think they may be to damp. What color are the roots? If you can get the plant and soil to come out of the pot by turning the pot over in your hand, gently pat the bottom and tug on the plant, it(plant & soil) should come out in your hand. Let me know what...

Horticulture: CO2 enrichment, tomato peppers, agricultural economist
tomato peppers, agricultural economist, gas concentration: You may contact me directly at dale@softley.com I am a forensic agronomist, live in Lincoln, NE, very near the center of the United States. Go to Google, and type CSI for Plants Dale Softley , and you will get additional information about me. I am happy...

Horticulture: Cordyline., dioecious plants, male plants
dioecious plants, male plants, male flowers: Christopher, Even in Dioecious plants, the male plants still bloom. They just produce all male flowers with pollen producing stamens only and either no ovaries or non-functioning ovaries. Therefore they can t produce fruit, but they still make flowers....

Horticulture: canolla, jonathan
jonathan: Hey there. The question you have asked is a little vague. I m not sure if you mean a specific raised bed when you say THE raised bed or if you just mean A raised bed in general. If you can elaborate a little I will be able to explain my answer a little...

Horticulture: carbon, hydrogen and oxygen, carbon hydrogen, cellular metabolism
carbon hydrogen, cellular metabolism, plant cells: Stelera, In a nut shell, most of the elements ( C,H,N, O, Zn, Fe—from the periodic table) go into making amino acids, or directly into the composition and metabolism of cells. All plant activity takes place on a cellular level. The elements you asked...

Horticulture: care of mandevilla plant, night temp, moisture meter
night temp, moisture meter, fertilizers: Hi Marianne. Firstly, what size pot is the plant in, and when was the last time you changed the soil or amended it. I think you said the water immediatley drains from the bottom of the pot. If this is the case, you may want to ammend the soil in the pot with...

Horticulture: carrot deformity or parasite, food value, softley
food value, softley, root tip: My wife and I discussed this problem. We think the carrots may have been from last years crop. I checked to see if CA was or is harvesting new crop carrots, and have not got an answer back. (We have relatives in CA that work with farmers) The center of...

Horticulture: corn worms, worms in humans, corn ear
worms in humans, corn ear, raw corn: Corn ear worm is an on going problem. I will have to check to see what insecticides are cleared for use. I have several friends that raise sweet corn on a commercial basis, but we have not discussed insecticides lately. I take it you plant a few rows each...

Horticulture: dahlias, softley, dahlias
softley, dahlias, gut feeling: Eddie, I am not sure about the answer to this one. My gut feeling is, it will not. I am not sure where to look to find the answer. Tell me more about where you are going with this question. If the tuber has collected excessive S or Cl it should stay in...

Horticulture: damaged cactus, greg simpson, euphorbias
greg simpson, euphorbias, hours of sun: Elaine, Give it a couple of weeks to get used to being outside again, then start working on it. It s a Euphorbia. You ve got to really try to kill it. Since it s so big, why don t you cut off some very large branches to reduce it s size. Don t be shy....

Horticulture: diefenbachia, japanese fighting fish, poison control center
japanese fighting fish, poison control center, fish experts: Hi Carolyn. Firstly I would like to apologize for the lateness in my response, I have been experiencing troubles with my internet connection as of late. In regards to your question, to the best of my knowledge Diefenbachia is one of the most poisonous houseplants...

Horticulture: dracaena, sodium carbonate, drain holes
sodium carbonate, drain holes, sodium chloride: Elaine, Sounds like Salt damage. Now before you say that this is impossible, excess salts can build up in the pot from several causes. #1 Obviously is from salt in your water. #2 is from excess fertilizer with inadequate leeching or rinsing the excess...

Horticulture: ELECTRICAL SHOCK FROM DRACENA PLANTS, metal latch, electrical shock
metal latch, electrical shock, static electricity: This answer will be different from what you may expect, the problem is most likely the low humidity in you home. It is static electricity cause by friction, possibly your shoes on a carpet. Thanks for the question. Dale Softley Forensic Agronomist Lincoln,...

Horticulture: Evergreens, evergreen pine trees, cold climates
evergreen pine trees, cold climates, little break: =D, Hey, I m a little confused. I answered your question 28 hours and 4 minutes after you asked it and you gave me a ONE for timeliness?? I do have a life, you know! Give me a little break here! John ...

Horticulture: Bird of Paradise plant going down hill, root rot, plant tissue
Horticulture: Bird of Paradise plant going down hill, root rot, plant tissue, liter

Horticulture: how to grow, potting soil, plant cuttings
Horticulture: how to grow, potting soil, plant cuttings, jade plant

Horticulture: Ivy/pachysandra, latex gloves, cotton gloves
Horticulture: Ivy/pachysandra, latex gloves, cotton gloves, pachysandra

Horticulture: Jade Plants, dead leaves, jade plant
Horticulture: Jade Plants, dead leaves, jade plant, natural water

Horticulture: Peace Lily Plant's Flowers, green house, lily
Horticulture: Peace Lily Plant's Flowers, green house, lily

Horticulture: prayer plant, prayer plant, moms
Horticulture: prayer plant, prayer plant, moms

Horticulture: propagation, soil, roots
Horticulture: propagation, soil, roots, large rock

Horticulture: tree geranium????, geranium, hibiscus
Horticulture: tree geranium????, geranium, hibiscus, neighbor

Horticulture: frost, horticulture expert, green leaves
horticulture expert, green leaves, frosts: Hi David. It is possible that the frosts may have killed off your plants. Due to the fact that they are just recently transplanted, the root system may have not had enough time to spread out of harms way and avoid the frosts. If this is the case than there...

Horticulture: Growing from seed, peach trees, temperature dips
peach trees, temperature dips, chill time: Mark, The seed will need the cold to get started, You may just want to plant them now, and let them get started with the cold part of their life cycle. In that you do not know what variety they are, they may not be adapted to your weather, or they may do...

Horticulture: gardening, fungicides, mushrooms
fungicides, mushrooms, back yard: Hi Jodi, There are a number of different fungicides available depending on the species of mushroom that is invading your lawn. Check your local nursery or garden centre, and bring them a sample of the mushrooms, they should be able to advise you on what product...

Horticulture: how to germinate an elm tree, potting soil, soil water
potting soil, soil water, chinese elm: Abhishek, Use some small pots 3 or 4 are good. Fill with a good quality potting soil. Plant 4 or 5 seed per pot and cover them with 1/4 of soil. Water well and put outside where they will get several hours of sun during the day. Keep them moist,...

Horticulture: germinating hibbertia scandens, pine needles, smoke flavoring
pine needles, smoke flavoring, natural smoke: Richard, Prepare a dilute smoke solution by adding one part commercial smoke flavoring to nine parts water. Either soak the seeds in this solution overnight (or until they swell), or by water the pot or flat once with this solution. Smoke flavoring is found...

Horticulture: grafting, wild plum tree, oranges lemons
wild plum tree, oranges lemons, orange trees: Najeeb, From what I know and can find out by doing some quick searches most plants within a genus can be grafted to other members of that genus. That means a cherry and apple, or plum could be grafted. Members of the genus citrus will graft with each other,...

Horticulture: how to grow, jade plants, junk mail
jade plants, junk mail, knife blade: Sorry this took so long to get back to you. Yes, Jade plants can be propagated by cuttings. Make sure you have cleaned your knife blade with alcohol before make the cuttings. There are several commercial rooting powers that will help root development, and...

Horticulture: growing peppers in Oregon, high intensity lights, growing peppers
high intensity lights, growing peppers, chili peppers: I think you will need to add light during the winter, but I am not sure how much. I will need to do some research to give you a proper answer to the question. How big of a greenhouse are you thinking about? There are some high intensity lights that might...

Horticulture: growing trees, hybrid trees, flower pots
hybrid trees, flower pots, lemon and lime: Harold, I must admit this is a question I never thought much about until you posed it. There are probably several things involved here. First most seeds need to break dormancy. Each species has a different set of requirements. Once dormancy is broken a specific...

Horticulture: Hibiscus, inch cuttings, parent plants
inch cuttings, parent plants, tropical varieties: I really need to know what variety we are talking about. However, most are propagated by cuttings. Four or five inch cuttings are taken during the summer from current season s growth. These are usually fairly easily rooted under mist. There are many of...

Horticulture: Hormones and Fertilizers, plant fertilizer, tomato plants
plant fertilizer, tomato plants, nutrient elements: This is not a direct answer to your question, but look at this article http://www.biocontrols.com/aero95a.htm. Aeroponics or growing tomato roots in mist of water and nutrients instead of water drowning the roots like in hydroponics, seems to increase speed...

Horticulture: Hybiscus and weather, hybiscus, softley
hybiscus, softley, henderson nevada: I will need to do some quick research on the numbers, can I get back to you in a few days? I am sorry to admit I don’t remember the original question, so I need to look it up and see what I actually said. If you have my reply please send it to me at dale@softley.com....

Horticulture: Hybiscus winterization, native ecosystem, winter thanks
native ecosystem, winter thanks, cold weather: In most cases I would have to answer that repotting and bringing the hybiscus indoors is the best option. As they are a tropical plant with no winter in its native ecosystem, the hybiscus does not respond well to cold weather. However if the climate in your...

Horticulture: Hypoestes (Phyllostachya) Polka Dot Plant, horticulture expert, polka dot plant
horticulture expert, polka dot plant, proper fertilization: Hi Mary, I am unfortunately having trouble pinpointing the exact cause of your plants discoloration. I can offer you some suggestions which may help remedy the problem however. Firstly, remove the plant from it s pot and examine the roots. Make sure they...

Horticulture: heliotropism, motor cells, flowerhead
motor cells, flowerhead, heliotropism: Hello Lorrie. Unfortunatley the answer to your question goes a little deeper in depth than I am suited to answer. There is a section of botany experts on this website and I feel you will obtain a better and more satisfying answer from a botanist than a horticuturist....

Horticulture: hibiscus roost, hybiscus plants, softley
hybiscus plants, softley, agronomist: I am not the best person to answer this question, but I would think two to three feet between the plants should be enough distance. What kind of soil are you looking to plant in? Have you check with the local extension office, to see if they have a horticultural...

Horticulture: holly, sweet honey dew, mealy bugs
sweet honey dew, mealy bugs, scale insects: Rosetta, Sounds like scale insects or mealy bugs. The black dust is sooty mold. It grows from the sweet honey dew that is excreted by the insects. It will spread to other plants. Ants actually move the insects from plant to plant just to produce more...

Horticulture: honey, pdf standards, bee keepers
pdf standards, bee keepers, softley: Honey is something I have very little experience with. We did keep some bees when we first got married, in 1963. But that is a long time ago. Go to http://www.masterbeekeeper.org/pdf/standards.pdf, which has general information on grades of honey. I think...

Horticulture: hormone fertilizer, plant hormones, soil analysis
plant hormones, soil analysis, auxins: I am not familiar with hormones in fertilizer. There are plant auxins or plant hormones used to start plant cuttings. NAA and IAA are most common. I suggest being very careful using a fertilizer containing plant hormones or auxins, as I do not know how...

Horticulture: Indoor Gardenia Plant, gardenia plant, softley
gardenia plant, softley, e mail: Can you send a photo of this tree? The turning black puzzles me. Could it have been exposed to a herbicide? Are there any other trees in the area that have the same appearance. What species is it? My direct e-mail is dale@softley.com, put trees in the subject...

Horticulture: Interesting plant..., warm temps, sensitive plant
warm temps, sensitive plant, moist conditions: Josh, The plant you saw was probably Mimosa pudica, or Sensitive Plant. The rapid movement you see when the plant is touched is caused by a sudden loss of turgor or pressure within strategically located cells in the leaf. The plant needs moist conditions,...

Horticulture: Ivy/pachysandra, pachysandra, flower bed
pachysandra, flower bed, english ivy: The only herbicide that would come close to working would be glyphosate (Roundup) if you could wipe or spray it on the ivy and miss the pachysandra. IF you could isolate the ivy and spray only a few branches or stems it might translocate to all branches from...

Horticulture: Jade Plant, slow release fertilizer, jade plant
slow release fertilizer, jade plant, luck john: Terri, There is nothing you can do to get these branches to come back up. We need to gradually get this plant in to a nearly full sun growing condition. Move in into brighter and brighter areas until it is outside in at least 4 hours of direct sun every...

Horticulture: Jade Plants, jade plants, jade plant
jade plants, jade plant, house plants: Hey John, unfortunately a Jade plant or Crassula argentea is naturally a very slow growing plant, and there is nothing I know about that can speed up the growth rate of the Jade plant. As for thicker stems, your best bet is to prop the stem up to the position...

Horticulture: jade plant, jade plants, purpose fertilizer
jade plants, purpose fertilizer, indirect sunlight: It is possible that the pot size is a bit large, which would definately slow down the growth rate of the plant. Also, you may try moving it to an area of higher sun exposure, and feeding it with a 20-20-20 all purpose fertilizer. Also, removing the terminal...

Horticulture: jade plant, jade plants, potting soil
jade plants, potting soil, jade plant: John, Re-pot you plant into some fresh, high quality, potting soil. Move it outside where it will get a couple of hours of direct morning sun. Fertilize it with a good slow release fertilize such as Osmocote. Water it when it is dry, probably every other...

Horticulture: Live Oak Tree, mature oak trees, live oak tree
mature oak trees, live oak tree, professional agronomist: Sean Let me check on this, I think there is, depending on how big the hole is. There may be a safety factor with this also. I don’t have an answer I am comfortable with, off the top of my head. Dale Softley CPAg (Certified Professional Agronomist) Dale@softley.com...

Horticulture: lilac propagation, bark mulch, softwood cuttings
bark mulch, softwood cuttings, mist system: Sue, If you want just a few, the easiest way is to dig up some of the suckers. Get a large portion of root, move it to its new location, and water well. If you want to do it now, you ll need to cut back the plants to one or two feet tall and remove...

Horticulture: Moles in yard, grub worms, chemical pesticide
grub worms, chemical pesticide, walk ways: Hi Anna, It unfortunatley seems that you may need to resort to using some sort of rodenticide or chemical pesticide. Please check your local garden centre or nursery, for they will be able to advisde you on a product that is safe to use within government...

Horticulture: Moss growth in paver patio, brick paver patio, moss growth
brick paver patio, moss growth, vegetation killer: Hi Mike, Unfortunately I do not know of any quick and easy way to solve your problem. For me the trick with these problems has always been diligence. Stay on top of the problem, if you are using roundup or some other form of herbicide you will have to make...

Horticulture: mandevilla plant, mail mark, changing colors
mail mark, changing colors, softley: Karen, sorry for being so late answering this question. I am not sure what might be wrong with your mandevilla plant. Is it in direct light or shaded light? What kind of soil is it growing in? (sand, silt, or clay) My direct e-mail is dale@softley.com. ...

Horticulture: mandevilla, ceramic pot, lack of oxygen
ceramic pot, lack of oxygen, sandy soil: Sandy, Is there a hole in the pot to let extra water drain? I found the following comment from the U of SC. Outdoors, grow mandevillas in partial shade. They need rich, well-drained, sandy soil with humus added. Provide a frame, trellis or stake for...

Horticulture: maple trees, rain fall, maple trees
rain fall, maple trees, softley: Are any other trees in adjacent or near by yards doing about the same thing? I am not a tree expert, but am happy to discuss what I can with you. Have you been getting normal rain fall this spring and summer? Can you send some photos of the damage? Please...

Horticulture: miniture bamboo plants, marine fish tank, ammonia levels
marine fish tank, ammonia levels, bamboo plants: This is a question I can not answer. I have never worked with saltwater. I would think any saltwater plant might help reduce nitrates and ammonia. We always kept living plants in our water, but it was a fresh water tank. If the bamboo lives in the filter...

Horticulture: New Mandeville, purpose fertilizer, wire fence
purpose fertilizer, wire fence, pot size: Hi Nancy, First off, where are you located, because if you re planning on planting it in the ground, it will not survive the winter in the majority of canadian and northeastern united states. Allowing it to climb a wire fence shouldnt be a bad idea as long...

Horticulture: what nitrogen is needed for in plant growth, building blocks of proteins, nitrogen in plants
building blocks of proteins, nitrogen in plants, amino acids: Stelera, There are several uses for Nitrogen in plants. The following web site puts it in the simplest terms. http://www.smallgrains.org/Techfile/Franzen.htm The long and short of it, nitrogen is essential for amino acids, the building blocks of proteins,...

Horticulture: Orange trees, citrus trees, orange trees
citrus trees, orange trees, satsumas: Michael, Orange trees are not illegal to PLANT in Texas, but because of the danger of introducing devastating diseases or insects into the South Texas citrus groves, it is illegal to IMPORT citrus trees into Texas. All you have to do is find a nursery...

Horticulture: orchids, potting soil, stand fan
potting soil, stand fan, house plants: I checked with a classmate who grows orchids in Minneapolis. He said there were several things that would cause plants to drop leaves. Both over and under watering will cause leaf drop. He asked about the air flow around the plant. He said they need a wind...

Horticulture: orchids, softley, agronomist
softley, agronomist, wrong answer: I am sorry I could not answer your question, When I don t know the answer, and do not feel comfortable with answers I found, I do not want to give you a wrong answer, so chose to tell the truth, that I do not how to make it bloom again, it may be one that...

Horticulture: Pachira Aquatica(money tree), jade plant, money tree
jade plant, money tree, true money: Hi Kathie, Unfortunatley common names of certain plants have become interchangeable over the years. There are two plants to my knowledge that are known as the money tree. One is Crassula argentea, also known as a jade plant. The other, the true money tree,...

Horticulture: Passiflora incarnata, hawaiian punch, rain tree
hawaiian punch, rain tree, passiflora incarnata: Thanks for your question and the opportunity to find out some interesting information that I did not know. The ripened fruit of the Passiflora incarnata is edible although seedy, see: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Passiflora_incarnata The USDA has a more...

Horticulture: Peace Lily Plant's Flowers, peace lily plant, dead flowers
peace lily plant, dead flowers, present time: Hi Anna, The best way to go about it would be to remove the entire flower stem from the base. Although this may remove all your flowers at the present time, the plant will bloom again. I hope I was able to help and if you have any other questions please feel...

Horticulture: Peace Lily, peace lily, insect problem
peace lily, insect problem, insect pest: The first thing that comes to mind when reading your queston is that you may have an insect problem on your lillies. The first thing you should do is inspect the underside of the leaves. Look for any indication of an insect pest. From the sounds of it you...

Horticulture: Peace lilly. No flowers?, peace lilly, softley
peace lilly, softley, sun light: Hi, I am not sure that I can give you a good answer. We have several Peace Lilies, some bloom all the time an others do not, and they are all getting about the same treatment. Let me do some research on this, and I will get back to you.. It may take a...

Horticulture: Pease Lily, peace lily, poison control
peace lily, poison control, house plants: Hi Kinsey, Unfortunately, as far as I am aware, all parts of the peace lily are poisonous if ingested. I would Immediately contact your vet and/or poison control as they are better equipped to advise you on what to do next. I am uncertain as to why your dog...

Horticulture: Philadendron Plant, couple factors, new leaves
couple factors, new leaves, plant root: There are a couple factors at work here. The age surprises me that the leaves near the pot or roots had not dropped earlier, the second is letting it get dry. How many stems of the plant are there? How long are the stems that have lost leaves? Are...

Horticulture: Phytoremediation, information on plants, softley
information on plants, softley, agronomist: Kristi, There are some discussion groups on Phytoremediation, that I get information on. Where have you looked so I do duplicate your work. Is this a college of High School project? There is a fair amount of information about it, but it is buried in other...

Horticulture: Pineapple, luck john, ample water
luck john, ample water, pineapple: Ed, Your plant needs full sun, lots of fertilizer, and ample water. You should get a new pineapple this fall. It may not be nearly as big as the original fruit, but allow it to ripen on the plant and it will be the sweetest pineapple you ve ever tasted....

Horticulture: Plant Nutrients, slow release fertilizer, ph soil
slow release fertilizer, ph soil, plant nutrients: Michael, Cuttings of any plant should get no nutrients until they form roots and are able to take up the nutrients. At that point, pot the cuttings in a high grade potting soil. You know, the $10 a bag stuff at the garden center. Don t use the cheap...

Horticulture: Plants Growth, plants growth, growth of plants
plants growth, growth of plants, softley: Can you be more specific. The short answer is yes. What species of plant are you thinking about, and what are the present growing conditions. One needs to know the starting point if one is going to increase it. Please get back to me with the details....

Horticulture: Poinsettia, last xmas, shady location
last xmas, shady location, lateness: Hi marg, here are some basic steps to get your poinsettia blooming again; When the leaves have all fallen cut the stems back to small stumps, approx. 4in. high. The medium should be kept almost dry and the plant should be placed in a mild, shady location....

Horticulture: Pond Lilies and Lotus, back yard pond, pond lilies
back yard pond, pond lilies, water lilies: I must say I have not had any experience growing plants in ponds, that said I will do some research and see what I can learn and get back to you next week. At the moment I do not have any suggestions of someone to contact on a problem like this. Thank you,...

Horticulture: pachira aquatica, money tree, aquatica
money tree, aquatica, stalk: Hi Kathie. Removing the top growth of your money tree should encourage more growth and bushiness on the remaining plant. This should also result in the thickening of the main stalk. It may still be wise however to stake the plant until it is able to support...

Horticulture: getting a pineapple to fruit, knowledge zone, softley
knowledge zone, softley, pineapple: Patrick, I am sorry to say this question is out of my knowledge zone. I have attempted to grow pineapple when I was much younger, and it did not work. I found the following web site about growing them, that might give you some ideas and directions. http://www.rickswoodshopcreations.com/Pineapple/pineapple.htm...

Horticulture: how plants use nitrogen, plant growth and development, softley
plant growth and development, softley, proper answer: Thanks for the question. To give you a proper answer it will take a few minutes more time than I have available this morning. I will get with your question over the week-end. It will help me if I know what grade level you are, and a little more about your...

Horticulture: prayer plant, prayer plant, air circulation
prayer plant, air circulation, plastic dome: Hi Lyn, To start a cutting from a prayer plant, I would recommend placing the stem into soil as opposed to water. You will also want to acquire a root stimulating hormone, I find stimroot #1 works the best. Make sure to use a clean and sterile blade, and...

Horticulture: propagation, rhododendrum, root cutting
rhododendrum, root cutting, luck john: Rosetta, Just keep them in a rather protected location, outside, with just a few hours of morning sun. Keep them moist, but not soggy. These are the recommendations that I give for caring for any newly potted plant, but truthfully I ve never heard...

Horticulture: Roundup Weed Control - Sugar Weed Control, roundup weed control, flower bed
roundup weed control, flower bed, softley: Rebecca, In my opinion I would use Roundup, and be very careful not to get it on surrounding plant. There are some other herbicides that may work if they are put on before the weeds emerge. They are sold at most gardening vendors, and work by disrupting the...

Horticulture: RUBBER TREE PLANTS, rubber tree plant, moist moss
rubber tree plant, moist moss, sphagnum moss: David, The best way to root a rubber tree plant is to air layer it . Choose a point, about a foot or two down from the top of the plant. With a sharp knife, cut two parallel rings around the stem, down to the wood, about 1/2 apart. Peel up the small...

Horticulture: Rubber Plants, ficus elastica, rubber plants
ficus elastica, rubber plants, humidity light: Hi Matt, Rubber plants or Ficus elastica prefer a well-drained houseplant soil mix. You can achieve this by purchasing regular house plant potting soil and adding in extra perlite. This should be a good mix for optimum growth. As for the size of a two month...

Horticulture: raised bed, planting system, railroad ties
planting system, railroad ties, softley: There are several correct answers to your question. Basically anything the puts the soil at an elevation to the surrounding soil. Frequently railroad ties are used as boarders to raised beds, although bricks or 2x4’s are used. The web sight below has several...

Horticulture: repotting a large Peace Lily plant, peace lily plant, potting soil
peace lily plant, potting soil, house plants: Hi David, I reside in Ontario, Canada, and to the best of my knowledge pro-mix brand soils are available at almost all garden centers and nurseries across the country. I am not sure if pro-mix is available in the U.S.A. or not. Check your local nurseries...

Horticulture: rose bush, slow release fertilizer, peat moss
slow release fertilizer, peat moss, manure compost: Katie, It probably just needs to be pruned. However tall it is, cut it back by half. Spread a good layer of organic matter like peat moss or manure compost under them. Then add a good slow release fertilizer like Osmocote 14-14-14. Water well and it...

Horticulture: STRAWBERRIES, cold environment, little seed
cold environment, little seed, allexperts: So sorry for the delay. We are just getting back from vacation and I have been swamped, both by the business and questions from AllExperts. For this reason, my answers may be a little shorter than normal. I hope you will understand. Seed for Strawberries...

Horticulture: all about sansiveira, leaf cuttings, snake plant
leaf cuttings, snake plant, fragrant flowers: Hey Santoso, I ll try and give you as much info as I can. Sansevieria are one of the most common houseplants, the most popular being Sansevieria trifasciata laurentii. The leaves can grow to 3 feet plus, but are most commonly found at about 1-1.5 ft. There...

Horticulture: schefflera, replanting, schefflera
replanting, schefflera: Hi Divonne. You can start a new plant from your current one by taking a stem tip cutting. This, if done properly, will provide a new plant as well as decrease the height and increase the bushiness of your current plant. I hope I was able to help and if...

Horticulture: sciencefair plant project, collecting rainwater, growth of plants
collecting rainwater, growth of plants, least three hours: The different rainwater from different areas may effect the plants very differently. Firstly, rainwater from an area with a chemical plant may be very acidic or have a high percentage of a chemical which is dangerous to plants. The level of pollution in an...

Horticulture: If there were no seasons ..., answer mark, softley
answer mark, softley, agronomist: Please e-mail me so I can communicate directly, I find your project very interesting, and have several thoughts that will take up more space than this format allows me. Dale@softley.com 800-324-7487 (office) ...

Horticulture: shefaleras, slow release fertilizer, luck john
slow release fertilizer, luck john, main stem: Larry, Start with the main stem on the plant and cut it back to a couple of feet tall. It will shortly sprout and start growing. As soon as it starts, cut back any other branches that are getting out of hand. Give it a good dose of slow release fertilizer...

Horticulture: sick dracaena, potting soil, luck john
potting soil, luck john, dracaena: Elaine, Sounds like there may be a couple of problems going on here. Sounds like maybe this time the plant got a little too cold. And also, sounds like you may have overwatered as well. By now the plants should be growing well. If you can find firm...

Horticulture: split-leaf, light intensity, softley
light intensity, softley, philodendron: Shannon, I have never tried to root a leaf from the philodendron, I always use a stem with two or more leaves on it. I have three plants in my office that are out of control covering most of one wall. Each plant is greater than 10 feet long. They can be...

Horticulture: strawberry, technical standpoint, accessory fruit
technical standpoint, accessory fruit, hypanthium: Excellent botanical question. From Wikipedia: The strawberry is an accessory fruit; that is, the fleshy part is derived not from the ovaries which are the seeds (actually achenes) but from the peg at the bottom of the hypanthium that held the ovaries....

Horticulture: systemic insecticide, palm seedlings, yucca cane
palm seedlings, yucca cane, systemic insecticide: So sorry for the delay. We are just getting back from vacation and I have been swamped, both by the business and questions from AllExperts. For this reason, my answers may be a little shorter than normal. I hope you will understand. About the only systemic...

Horticulture: TI plant, ti plant, foliage
ti plant, foliage, starters: Hi John, Unfortunately I do not have any experience propagating ti plants, but found a website I think you should find very helpful. The address is http://mrec.ifas.ufl.edu/Foliage/folnotes/cordylin.htm If you have any other questions feel free to ask....

Horticulture: tomato 'bags', insect pests, pear growers
insect pests, pear growers, tomato fruit: I can see where you may need a good insecticide program to keep the insects at bay. We have problems with coons in Nebraska, the totally raise heck with sweetcorn. We have several growers in hoop houses which seem to stop the coons. Good Luck Dale Softley...

Horticulture: tomato plants - roots, root cells, oxygen conditions
root cells, oxygen conditions, mature cells: Yes to a point increasing Auxin increases root lengths. However, there is a tipping point after which Auxin induces Ethylene. This Ethylene causes leaves to senesce, and the resources from these cannibalized leaves to be funneled to make even more roots (though...

Horticulture: tomatos and seeds, sam cox, innocuous piece
sam cox, innocuous piece, little trees: Harold, you ask two very good questions. Tomatoes are actually a fruit (botanically) that is eaten as a vegetable. I have heard a story that someone ask George Washington this same question. I found the following by Sam Cox, December, 2000 The United States...

Horticulture: torpedo grass, invasive grass, torpedo grass
invasive grass, torpedo grass, underground runners: Dianne, Torpedo Grass ( Panicum repens ) is an extremely invasive grass. It spreads by means of deep underground runners, or rhizomes. The only way you re going to get any control at all is to spray it with a herbicide like RoundUp or Fusilade. The rhizomes...

Horticulture: tree geranium????, softley, incorrect answer
softley, incorrect answer, tree experts: Can you get me a photograph of this tree? If practicable get a close up of the leaf also. I will check with some tree experts if it is not something I am comfortable about answering. I hope the incorrect answer did not come from me. Send the photos...

Horticulture: "tree geranium", horticulture expert, botanical name
horticulture expert, botanical name: Hi Arlyn, Unfortunately I am not 100% on the botanical name of the tree you are referring to. I will continue my search, and will send you the answer when I obtain it. Sorry I am unable to help. You may also want to send your question to Dale Softley, another...

Horticulture: tree spores, piece of fluff, tacony palmyra bridge
piece of fluff, tacony palmyra bridge, tiny seed: What you are seeing are probably Willow tree seed. Willows are native along just about every body of the water in the US. Look very closely at the center of the little piece of fluff and there will be a very tiny seed with the fluff attached to it. ...

Horticulture: ubrella plant, cyperus alternifolius, umbrella plant
cyperus alternifolius, umbrella plant, world of plants: Hey Todd. Your first assumptions were correct. It is most likely to do with over watering/under watering, too little light exposure, or shock. The trick is going to be figuring out which one. If after a couple weeks the plant is still dropping leaves then...

Horticulture: watering lily, slow release fertilizer, peace lily
slow release fertilizer, peace lily, sized pot: Raymond, Short answer is It really doesn t matter . The plant doesn t care whether the water enters the root zone from the top or the bottom. If your plant is really root bound, you may have to soak it from the bottom to get the pot to take enough...

Horticulture: white willow tree approx. 300yrs. old, white willow, willow tree
white willow, willow tree, luck john: cc, Use some sort of scraper or chisel and remove as much fungus and dead tissue as you can. Then paint it with a good tree wound dressing. The bad news is that the tree will eventually die from this. The good news is that it will probably take 100...

Horticulture: Yellow leaves on philodendron in fall, drainage holes, wal marts
drainage holes, wal marts, indirect sunlight: Are you comfortable re-potting, or starting slips of plants? I don t know that repotting will stop the leaf yellowing, but it should perk up the whole plant. Starting some slips will give you additional plants. We get our soil from the grocery store, when...

Horticulture: yukka plant, yukka, phototropism
yukka, phototropism, light exposure: Hi Dyane, Unfortunately without being able to visibly see your plant, I can not say for certain what the problem is. Also, there are about 40 species of yukka plant, so it would be a great help if you knew the species. However, from the sounds of it, it...

Hospice Care: Dying on morphine drip, morphine drip, breathing pattern
morphine drip, breathing pattern, breathing patterns: Dear Rachel: Your question sent me back to my profile. I could not believe I would have written that I could tell you what dying is like. Since I have not had the experience personally, I don t know exactly what it is like. To my relief, my profile did...

Hospice Care: Dying on morphine drip, hospice care, pain thanks
Hospice Care: Dying on morphine drip, hospice care, pain thanks, last days

Hospice Care: Morphine drip and dying, oxygen mask, humane approach
Hospice Care: Morphine drip and dying, oxygen mask, humane approach, feeling something

Hospice Care: Morphine drip and dying, morphine drip, odd patterns
morphine drip, odd patterns, breathing pattern: Hello again, Rachel--I don t have any way to communicate with you except through the Allexperts website, so I hope this reaches you. I thought to cut and paste my original response here. Good luck to you, and do not hesitate to email me again if I can be...

Hospice Care: Brain Cancer, general questions for my sistuation, health care nurse, short term memory
health care nurse, short term memory, home health care: Dear Lisa: I m sorry to hear of your mother s illness. She is not much older than I am. Her cancer is a bad one, and her diagnosis came at a time when her disease was already well advanced. I am a little surprised that she is still with you and functioning...

Hospice Care: dying process, hospice nurses, thoughts and prayers
hospice nurses, thoughts and prayers, practice changes: Hi--I m not sure I would trust the CNA to give you any kind of diagnosis, much less one that a physician or nurse would not give without a thorough examination of your grandmother. All of that, from diagnosis to examination, is well outside the limits of...

http://en.allexperts.com/q/Hospice-Care-3445/2008/10/f/Brain-Cancer-general-questions.htm


Hospice Care: dying process, hospice nurse, distinctive odor
Hospice Care: dying process, hospice nurse, distinctive odor, cna

Hospice Care: Palliative Care to Hospice Care, hospice, nursing home
hospice, nursing home, dying: If your Dad is receiving palliative care only, there should be no change in his care when and if you determine you want to use the services of a hospice. The only difference between palliative care and hospice care is that hospice care comes into play six...

Hospice Care: post-mortem, hospice care, advance directive
hospice care, advance directive, foul play: In truth, your question lies outside the realm of hospice care, but I know something about what you ask. I suggest that you pursue your concerns further, however, because rules and laws, etc. are different from state to state and sometimes county to county....

Hospice Care: temperature, hospice workers, dying cells
hospice workers, dying cells, running a temperature: Hello, Grace! This is a very good question, and I think your observation and conclusion are pretty astute. Fever is caused by a lot of things but in general it is one response that the body can use to fight a threat. Higher body temperature kills some...

Hospice Care: Dying Patient 101, natural pain killers, hospice nurse
natural pain killers, hospice nurse, graduate nurse: Congratulations on being nearly finished, and welcome to nursing, Suzanne! IMHO, the most important topics/issues for a graduate nurse to focus on when caring for a dying patient is that peace and comfort are the only things you can do much about, but they...

Hospice Care: Eye Color Change at death, eye color change, hospice nurse
eye color change, hospice nurse, dark brown eyes: Dear Cynthia: As I understand it, you are disagreeing with an answer I posted to another person s question? I looked among the many on my list of answered questions, but wasn t able to find one specific to eye color change after death. You are certainly...

Hospice Care: Facial features at and after death, one good eye, hospice patient
one good eye, hospice patient, frozen stream: Hello, thank you for writing! I have little experience with changes well after death; my longest experience after a hospice patient passed at home was sitting with a family for about four hours. I can tell you that in that one case (hardly scientific!)...

Hospice Care: Eye Color Change at death, colour change, hospice
Hospice Care: Eye Color Change at death, colour change, hospice, milky color

Hospice Care: charting/ADR's, public disgrace, courage determination
public disgrace, courage determination, courageous act: She is asking you to commit a felony. Don t do it! No job, no patient, no positive review or raise is worth this. All patients charts are legal documents. By asking you to alter them, she is asking you to commit perjury. Jail time and public disgrace...

Hospice Care: father-in-law, hospice care, last journey
hospice care, last journey, stages of death: Hi, Darlene--thank you for writing, and I am so sorry that your father-in-law and indeed all of you are suffering through this. My first thought is, hospice. But it sounds like he is already actively dying, and hospice is generally meant for a longer term...

Hospice Care: My father's morphine drip, morphine drip, end stage renal failure
morphine drip, end stage renal failure, liver function: All I can offer you with any assurance is what I learned when my own father passed, and which I have shared with some success with clients since then, and that was 1985. It will seem strange. Embrace your tears and your grief. Don t try to make them...

Hospice Care: hospice? already?, lesions on the liver, signs of liver failure
lesions on the liver, signs of liver failure, brain damage due to lack of oxygen: Dear Lisa--first let me say how sorry I am that your mother-in-law and your family are faced with these challenges. It is always difficult, and full of all kinds of emotions. I will honestly tell you that I read your first several lines and felt this woman...

Hospice Care: dying, non hodgekins lymphoma, dying of cancer
non hodgekins lymphoma, dying of cancer, disorientated: Dear Amanda: First let me say how sorry I am that your aunt is so ill, and how happy I am to know that she has you! What a blessing, not just for now, but for all the time up to now. I do think you need to visit, and while no one can predict when someone...

Hospice Care: death and dying, hospice nurse, hospice benefits
hospice nurse, hospice benefits, hospice care: Certainly being tired a lot, and gradually more tired, can be a symptom of decline. Being eligible for hospice means that a person has no more than a life expectancy of 6 months, due to the diagnosis of a condition which, left untreated (except for symptom...

Hospice Care: Two family members in the bind, mild heart attack, hospice patients
mild heart attack, hospice patients, malignant tumors: Dear LJ: Thank you for writing to me with your concerns. You have certainly had a lot to deal with these past few months or so. I am moved that much of your worry centers on your daughter and how she will handle the illness of her dear auntie. So many...

Hospice Care: BRAIN TUMOR, brain tumor, temador
brain tumor, temador, hospice care: This is a complicated place for you to be in. How much you must love your family to reach out about it! Thank you for writing again. Since he is dying, he is certainly going to know it at some point, whether the family knows he knows or not. It sounds...

Hospice Care: BRAIN TUMOR, hospice care, avastin
Hospice Care: BRAIN TUMOR, hospice care, avastin, life quality

Hospice Care: Home Hospice w/ Ventilation, home hospice, health care professionals
home hospice, health care professionals, best case scenario: Probably the saddest thing about ALS is the person is very aware of deterioration as it progresses. There is a desire on the part of family and friends to do everything possible, even when that everything only delays the inevitable. It sounds like your...

Hospice Care: question about the "death rattle" and my mom, morphine patch, bone cancer
Hospice Care: question about the "death rattle" and my mom, morphine patch, bone cancer, consolation

Hospice Care: grandpa, hospice services, diabetes problems
hospice services, diabetes problems, hospice care: Hello, Mark, thank you for writing. I m sorry for the loss of your grandpa. Even losing someone very old can be sad and painful. I hope you and your family are finding peace. Generally, people have been receiving hospice care for some time by the...

Hospice Care: My Husband, home hospice care, liver tumors
home hospice care, liver tumors, hospice services: Dear Judy: I m sorry to hear of your husband s illness, but heartened to know that he had such good results from treatment. Usually cancer which has already spread outside the vicinity of the organ of the initial tumor has a very poor prognosis. Five...

Hospice Care: Mom in hopsice What do I do now?, inpatient hospice facility, hospice patient
inpatient hospice facility, hospice patient, two little girls: Bless you, Elyssa, and your Mom. I m sorry she is so ill, and happy to know that she had spent so much time with you. But I am a little confused. I can certainly help you, but need to clarify something: Hospice is, by definition, for persons with life-limiting...

Hospice Care: Mother-in-law w/ vascular dementia post stroke, lower extremity edema, hospice nurses
lower extremity edema, hospice nurses, diet protein: Hi, Patricia--Thank you so much for writing. I m sorry to hear that your mother-in-law has had such a difficult time, but it certainly sounds as though she has had a loving family around her, good hospice nurses and, for the most part, good caretakers. ...

Hospice Care: My mother inlaw is dying, hospice nurse, lymphoma cancer
hospice nurse, lymphoma cancer, father inlaw: Dear Liz-- Thank you for writing. I am sorry your mother-in-law is so ill, and that the family is having so much difficulty. I know it is hard to do what you are doing, but it sounds like you might be the strong one, for now at least. It sounds as...

Hospice Care: question about the "death rattle" and my mom, anxiety medication, aggitation
anxiety medication, aggitation, death rattle: Dear Melissa: Thank you for writing me with your questions. Please let me extend my condolences to you and your family. No matter what the circumstances, the loss of a parent is always rough. Been there, done that, and didn t particularly care for it....

Hospice Care: diahhrea, watery diarrhea, medication side effects
watery diarrhea, medication side effects, hard stool: Hi, Connie-- I m sorry your Mom is so ill, but the aide is probably mostly right. I don t know about testing the stool/diarrhea. If there is constipation for several days, and then watery diarrhea, that USUALLY means that there is an impaction. Here...

Hospice Care: Reply to response, hospice facilities, hospice care
hospice facilities, hospice care, education directors: Hi, Bianca--OK, this makes much more sense. I think there is no legitimate way for us to do this offline, but I will be happy to be interviewed on this site, if that is OK with you. As for finding hospice nurses to interview. If you will go to www.HPNA.org...

Hospice Care: COPD/CHF, hospice and palliative care, drastic decline
hospice and palliative care, drastic decline, initial diagnosis: Dear Lori-- I think I might be able to help a bit, but I must say, this is very much out of my area of expertise of hospice and palliative care. However, some years ago I did have certification in alcoholism and drug abuse as a counselor, so let s see...

Hospice Care: Hospice, dear christine, thoughts and prayers
dear christine, thoughts and prayers, sweet note: Dear Carolanne: Thank you for your sweet note. I m glad I could provide some support and make a contribution to the positive outcome you experienced. I cannot imagine grieving and missing a child, and my heart goes out to you, as another mother. ...

Hospice Care: hospice with home ventilation, nusing home, vent patients
nusing home, vent patients, hospice nurses: Dear Vicki-- Always nice to hear from a sister in the cause!!! I hear you and I am so proud that you are not willing to give up on this patient. If he or she has maintained at home til now, it would be an abomination for him to go to a nursing home because...

Hospice Care: Medications, congestive heart failure, heart failure
congestive heart failure, heart failure, pain meds: The only thing about hospice medications is that they won t be going for cure. Your friend s mom is in congestive heart failure. There is only so much meds can do. If the meds she is on currently make her feel better, then there is no reason whatsoever...

Hospice Care: End Stage Melanoma - Planning for Care, liver function tests, hospice patient
liver function tests, hospice patient, hospice care: Hi, Amy-- I am sorry to hear of your father s illness but so glad that he is at home and receiving hospice care. I had only one hospice patient who had melanoma. I learned a lot from her (she was only 35 or so), and one of the things I learned was,...

Hospice Care: terminally ill baby care, hospice volunteer, ill babies
hospice volunteer, ill babies, types of occupations: Dear Carolyn: What an intriguing story you are creating! Unfortunately, although I do write and am told I am good, I cannot help you with your research. I have never fostered any infants, much less terminally ill ones. My suggestion would be to find...

Hospice Care: Morphine not for pain, hospice nurse, surgey
Hospice Care: Morphine not for pain, hospice nurse, surgey, canidate

Hospice Care: Hospice care with ventilators, home hospice care, hospice nurse
home hospice care, hospice nurse, hospice service: Hi, Joy--thanks so much for writing. My initial reaction to your email was yea! I have felt so badly for patients in the last stages of terminal illness who wind up vented, regardless of the reason for that intervention. They are often excluded from...

Hospice Care: Morphine not for pain, hospice nurses, hospice nurse
hospice nurses, hospice nurse, hospice doctor: Dear Debbie-- I am so glad we were able to connect, and more glad that this experience was so much more satisfying. I would encourage you to share with the hospice director the experience with the nurse who overmedicated your Dad. This is not to get...

Hospice Care: Mother-in law in hospice, vascular dementia, protein deficiency
vascular dementia, protein deficiency, hospice care: Dear Patricia--Thank you for writing to me, and no, it does not seem callous to me at all to be concerned with financial issues at the same time one wonders if one is looking at the imminent passing of someone you love. It is a practical concern, and if your...

Hospice Care: MRSA in bloodsteam/hospice, pain killers, frank conversation
pain killers, frank conversation, vancomycin: Dear Lisa: I am so sorry that your mother is ill, and especially that she is so uncomfortable. Your letter presents many potential questions and issues, and touches (sometimes boldly) on issues that are near and dear to me. I get very--shall we say--enthusiastic...

Hospice Care: hospice for a brain tumor patient, brain tumor, real tribute
brain tumor, real tribute, glioblastoma multiforme: Hi, Patti--My goodness, your Mom has had some excellent care to have survived this long and to be functioning this well with a tumor such as hers! A real tribute to the family care AND to her physicians. I tend to agree with you that your Dad needs more...

Hospice Care: Patient died, hospice nurses, recliner
Hospice Care: Patient died, hospice nurses, recliner, meds

Hospice Care: Patient died, hospice care, fri
hospice care, fri, cancer patient: Dear Anita: I have to say, this is a unique question in my experience. In hospice, the focus is on managing symptoms, especially pain. If the mother was restless, she was in pain, that much is fact. Morphine is not for managing the patient, it is for...

Hospice Care: brother-in-law beginning hospice care, brain tumors, cancerous tumors
brain tumors, cancerous tumors, christine johnson: Dear Traci--I am so sorry to hear of your brother-in-law s illness. It certainly sounds as though they have a physician who tried everything to help, and who also understands the importance of quality of life over quantity. You present a challenging scenario,...

Hospice Care: The dying process, signs and symptoms of ovarian cancer, symptoms of ovarian cancer
signs and symptoms of ovarian cancer, symptoms of ovarian cancer, saints and angels: Hi, Bob--I m so sorry for the loss of your sister. Ovarian cancer is a hard one to negotiate, rough on the patient and the family both. (And sometimes it runs in families--your sister s illness should be a signal for the women in your family, especially...

Hospice Care: father, clean underwear, sigmoidoscopy
clean underwear, sigmoidoscopy, care giver: Dear Barbara: You have my sympathies and yes, I think I can help you. First, any time a physician makes an order for hospice (it has to have an order, just like medication or a procedure), they assert that they believe the individual has a prognosis...

Hospice Care: hospice care, terrific questions, couple tablespoons
terrific questions, couple tablespoons, pocket expense: Hi, Ellen--I m sorry to hear of your mother s illness but delighted to know that hospice is in the picture. You ask some terrific questions. Hospice is 24/7, meaning that whenever the patient or family needs them, they are available and make a visit. ...

Hospice Care: hospice/palliative care, hospice care center, hospice palliative care
hospice care center, hospice palliative care, criminal background checks: Actually, I can kind of answer your question. I volunteered as the nominal DON for a hospice in the making; I couldn t hold on to the end (it took more than 2 years), so someone else is the real DON, but I heard a lot of info, which I am glad to share. (I...

Hospice Care: Late Stage of Lung cancer, hospice care, swollen tongue
hospice care, swollen tongue, cancer cells: Dear Tanya--I am happy to hear that your Aunt had hospice but so sorry for your loss. I m glad you were able to see her in her last days. Hospice always manages the side effects or uncomfortable-ness of the diseases of the end of life. Your Aunt would...

Hospice Care: lung cancer stage IV, cancer stage iv, inoperable lung cancer
cancer stage iv, inoperable lung cancer, morphine drip: Hello, Quise-- Thank you for writing. I am so sorry to hear about you mother-in-law s illness. I know it has been a shock for everyone. I have been there myself--my father died from inoperable lung cancer, six weeks to the day after he was diagnosed....

Hospice Care: Is it time for Hospice?, electrolyte problems, medical power of attorney
electrolyte problems, medical power of attorney, chemo treatments: Hi, Jeannie! Thank you for writing. I apologize for the delay in answering you, our internet has been out for three days! Also, I m very sorry to hear of your mother-in-law s illness, but how wonderful for her that she is with you and your husband, and...

Hospice Care: Dying Process, lorazapan, dying of lung cancer
lorazapan, dying of lung cancer, hospice care: Hi, Brenda--I m sorry to hear of your father-in-law s illness, but literally overjoyed to hear how well hospice is working for you all. You ask a very good question. You can certainly dilute the morphine with juice. If he is mostly sleeping, he may not...

Hospice Care: edema, cancer hospice, diuretic hydrochlorothiazide
cancer hospice, diuretic hydrochlorothiazide, kidneys filter: Thank you for writing again. Any nurse can monitor the effects of the diuretic, it doesn t require special training (or a special shift assignment!). This involves gently pressing against the bone on the front of the leg. If there is heavy edema like you...

Hospice Care: Liver Failure, liver failure, high heart rate
liver failure, high heart rate, low blood pressure: Hospice is for anyone with a condition which, if it follows its natural course, would limit the life expectancy of the person with the condition to six months or less. The patient must also be of the mind that they are no longer seeking treatment toward...

Hospice Care: how much longer, hospice, lung cancer
hospice, lung cancer, dying: Hi, Christie-- First, until that heart stops beating for a full minute, we cannot say that a patient has died. They may look like they are ready to die, they may have very irregular breathing and irregular slow heart beat, but no one can predict with any...

Hospice Care: My mom advance stage ovarian cancer, swollen legs and feet, stage ovarian cancer
swollen legs and feet, stage ovarian cancer, hospice staff: Hi, Joey-- I am so sorry to hear that your Mom is so ill. It sounds like she is putting up quite a fight! Good for her! And for you. Swollen legs and feet suggest that there is tumor interfering with circulation of either blood or lymph (a clear fluid...

Hospice Care: Dying process, dying process, nutritional supplements
dying process, nutritional supplements, patient family: Hi, Jan-- Ideally, people are considered for hospice when there is still some time for everyone--patient, family, and friends--to get the full benefit of this rather unusual form of care. Sadly, often people including physicians, think that hospice is...

Hospice Care: Last stages Melanoma, hospice nurses, high risk
Hospice Care: Last stages Melanoma, hospice nurses, high risk, melanoma

Hospice Care: face change at time of death, hospice benefits, face change
hospice benefits, face change, dementias: Hello, Mary, I am so sorry for the loss of your Mom. I have taken care of patients with Alzheimer s Disease and other dementias, and it can be heartbreaking. I am sorry to hear that she (and you all) had the benefit of hospice for only one week. Patients...

Hospice Care: my nans dying process, chemotherapy treatment, dear kelly
chemotherapy treatment, dear kelly, mambers: Dear Kelly: Let me please apologize for the delay in answering you, I m not certain what happened to my first response! Allexperts sent me an email to let me know you were still waiting. I m glad they did, or I would not know that my answer didn t make...

Hospice Care: Last stages Melanoma, oral meds, anxiety management
oral meds, anxiety management, hospice care: I am sorry to hear about your father s illness, but so glad to hear you want to take care of him at home. Melanoma may start on the skin, but it winds up everywhere, and each place it can invade will cause different symptoms. Helping someone while they...

Hospice Care: treatment for possible ovarian cancer, hospice and palliative care, general anesthesia
hospice and palliative care, general anesthesia, dear anne: Dear Anne-- First let me tell you that your question is outside my area of expertise which is hospice and palliative care. However, I do have some thoughts I am willing to share, as an RN who has cared for many surgical patients and many patients of advanced...

Hospice Care: urinary catheter, urethral catheter, urinary catheter
urethral catheter, urinary catheter, level of consciousness: Dear Sue: I hope you will accept my apology for the delay in my answer. I m not sure where it went the first time I sent it. I am grateful that Allexperts keeps track of this stuff and wrote to me last night that you were still waiting! Urinary tract...

Hospice Care: Constipation, hospice nurse, medical power of attorney
hospice nurse, medical power of attorney, hospice care: Dear Jan: I am so happy that you found my suggestions and reflections helpful. Gastric juice is likely what your mother is vomiting, and bile is in fact a greenish yellow, so that is likely at least part of it. The biggest problem with vomiting is...

Hospice Care: The Dying Process, metastatic breast cancer, liquid cement
metastatic breast cancer, liquid cement, physical perspective: Dear Jennifer and Jennifer s Mom: I am so sorry about your illness, but thrilled to hear how much better life has become with these treatments. What a gift quality of life is! I cannot tell you specifically how it will be to die from metastatic breast...

Hospice Care: death, health care professionals, dear don
health care professionals, dear don, dying process: Dear Don: Thank you so much for your question. I am so sorry for your loss and I m comforted knowing that your family is a close one and that you will be there for each other. As to your specific question, I believe there is some control within limits....

Hospice Care: death, pain medication, open eyes
pain medication, open eyes, last breath: Dear Carol: Thank you for writing to me. One mother to another, I am so very sorry for the loss of your son. I can well imagine that you were a little unsettled by the behavior you saw in your son s last moments. I do not believe he was in pain, if...

Hospice Care: dying, seizure activity, cranial nerves
seizure activity, cranial nerves, biochemical changes: Hi, Jan-- Thank you for writing and for your interesting question. Eye movement is controlled by as many as three cranial nerves. When we are dying, our brain sort of goes on autopilot, and the nerves may not be controlled by our intentions as much...

Hospice Care: Keeping Dying People at Home, hospice care, respite care
Hospice Care: Keeping Dying People at Home, hospice care, respite care, nurse aide

Hospice Care: Hospice for my Mom, hospice nurse, lung metastases
hospice nurse, lung metastases, hospice patient: Dear Tosha: Thank you for writing to me about your feelings about your Mom. As soon as I read there extensive lung metastases from advanced uterine and cervical cancer, I knew what was probably going to follow. My heart goes out to you, and I want to...

Hospice Care: Keeping Dying People at Home, household chores, respite care
household chores, respite care, brain cancer: Dear Becky: There is no missing the pain and sadness and frustration in your letter. I am so sorry this has happened to you. You have not had hospice for your husband. Hospice is not 45 minutes a week. You should have had respite care, where your...

Hospice Care: tears after death, mild heart attack, dressing gown
mild heart attack, dressing gown, 10 mins: Dear Lisa: First, let me say how sorry I am for your loss. Your grief is palpable as I read your letter, and my heart aches with you! Rest assured that as pained as you feel today, it will ease up. You will never be totally free of your grief, but it...

Hospice Care: cancer causes, causes of pancreatic cancer, dna patterns
causes of pancreatic cancer, dna patterns, kinds of radiation: Hello again Peter.... Your theory is very interesting, essentially that someone could worry someone else into cancer. While there is a relationship between stress and disease, there is no evidence that anyone can hate someone into disease. Consider the...

Hospice Care: end stage lung cancer..is death nearing?, frontal lobe brain tumor, frontal lobe brain
frontal lobe brain tumor, frontal lobe brain, tumor on the spine: Dear Allen: I am so sorry to hear of your uncle s passing but glad on his behalf that he had so loving a family as you all. I read with interest your description of the seizure like event. I have not seen that in my patients. Respiratory failure in...

Hospice Care: thinking about dad, tincture of time, painful memories
tincture of time, painful memories, cross brace: Dear Peter: I am glad that you wrote to me again. My friend, you are grieving acutely for your father. What you describe is grief--having difficulty with painful memories, being very angry at the unfairness of it all. While it is true that everyone...

Hospice Care: Hospice "kit" and potential for OD?, hospice service, peritoneal mesothelioma
hospice service, peritoneal mesothelioma, lorazapam: Dear Jodie: I wish I was your bossy big sister, I d be there in a heart beat. First let me reassure you: I won t ever lie or mislead and I ll always be honest about what is best for patients, and when it is my opinion, I will always be clear about that...

Hospice Care: Patient/staff privacy, risk management department, human resources department
risk management department, human resources department, hospice staff: Dear Dennis, 1.The identity of a patient is obtain with patient/family consent or with a written request. If the matter is time sensitive the information about a patient identity is first past through the supervisor. In the past we have had a family member...

Hospice Care: Alz, hospice patients, food nutrients
hospice patients, food nutrients, hospice care: Dear Maria-- Thank you for writing. Bedsores can certainly be in part due to poor nutrition, but if she is eating and drinking and (pardon me) peeing and pooping fairly normally, she s absorbing. Frankly, I do not accept the nurse s explanation, particularly...

Hospice Care: Choices We Made, massive cerebral hemorrhage, chest x rays
massive cerebral hemorrhage, chest x rays, hospice support: Dear Teresa: I was so impressed with the decisions you made on your mother s behalf and your creativity in giving her things to eat that she loved, and then I read that you and your brother are still in your twenties. Wow. Your parents are very proud...

Hospice Care: change of eye colour before death, eye color change, physiological change
eye color change, physiological change, christine johnson: Dear Lynn: I am sorry to hear of the loss of your father. Although I have answered this question before, I thought I would research it again to see if there was something out there that I just had not heard of. To my amazement, when I googled changing...

Hospice Care: change of eye colour before death, eye color, brown eyes
Hospice Care: change of eye colour before death, eye color, brown eyes, senile dementia

Hospice Care: Is Hospice Appropriate Here?, medical decisions, life choice
Hospice Care: Is Hospice Appropriate Here?, medical decisions, life choice, morphine

Hospice Care: My mom recently dying
Hospice Care: My mom recently dying

Hospice Care: Is Hospice Appropriate Here?, oxygen concentrator, cirrhosis of the liver
oxygen concentrator, cirrhosis of the liver, medicare benefit: Hello--I m so glad you wrote, and especially glad that you are learning about hospice early on. People are eligible for hospice services when they have a life expectancy of about six months, if their disease is allowed to progress along its normal course...

Hospice Care: My mom recently dying, hospice care, pain meds
hospice care, pain meds, second guessing: Dear Carol: I want to thank you for writing and for sharing your heavy burden with me. As it happens, expressing your feelings in whatever means possible, is one of the very best things you can do to help ease that distress. Your tension and pain is...

Hospice Care: roxanol, stage 4 lung cancer, roxanol
stage 4 lung cancer, roxanol, reduc: Dear Karen: Thank you for writing, and for giving me more information. (Don t worry about words and spelling, no problem, we are communicating fine!) The drug doesn t have to be completely out of the body to have stopped working. In order for the...

Hospice Care: tears, septic shock, vitals
Hospice Care: tears, septic shock, vitals, brother

Hospice Care: Mom calling me Mama, pancreatic cancer patients, loving relationships
pancreatic cancer patients, loving relationships, precious times: Pancreatic cancer is horrible indeed. What a blessing to have been loved so much that medication that was needed, you came. I just finished about 9 months of caring for my husband who had metastatic lung cancer. We are grateful that treatment was (for now)...

Hospice Care: Mother dying of Alzheimer's, body posture, hospice care
body posture, hospice care, facial expression: Dear Jena: First let me congratulate you on doing the things most important to a dying person: to be present, to be loving, to touch her hand, talk to her, play the soft music she likes and to be attuned to her comfort and her needs. Wow. To be surrounded...

Hospice Care: tears, expression of pain, life on earth
expression of pain, life on earth, last hours: Dear Brigitte: I am so sorry to learn of the loss of your mother. I know that the last week of your mother s life on earth was so very difficult, but I also know that participating in your mother s last hours was the best thing you could do for her and...

Hospice Care: 12 stages of death, erik erikson, stages of death
erik erikson, stages of death, hospice care: Hi, Lex--I am so sorry to hear of the loss of your Mom, but comforted to know that she and all of you had hospice care as she ended her life. I had never heard of the twelve stages of death until you wrote to me. So I googled it. There is someone who...

Hospice Care: No food or drink, stares, grandpa
Hospice Care: No food or drink, stares, grandpa, liquids

Hospice Care: No food or drink, stage dementia, hospice care
stage dementia, hospice care, respiratory rate: Dear Jean: I m sorry to hear of your mother s illness but very pleased on her behalf that she has such a loving family! There is no way to predict how long someone might live without nourishment or fluid. I had a patient with end stage dementia who...

Hospice Care: Hospice Rights and Responsibilities, hospice service, duty nurse
hospice service, duty nurse, hospital nurse: Dear Jay: Please, no apology is necessary. The work that I do is something that I love--offering support to people who are hurting, and helping them get what they need to make things better. At AllExperts, I do that for people who have or need or wonder...

Hospice Care: hospice care, final goodbyes, hospice services
final goodbyes, hospice services, christine johnson: Hello, Cindy-- I m sorry that you and your family are dealing with these difficulties. Hospice is certainly available for your mother, and your father would certainly receive some comfort, but in truth, your mother sounds as though she is at best days...

Hospice Care: hospice for CHF
Hospice Care: hospice for CHF

Hospice Care: what procedures to expect at death time, comfort measures, time of pain
Hospice Care: what procedures to expect at death time, comfort measures, time of pain, thoughts and feelings

Hospice Care: Hospice Responsibilities, hospice, terminally ill
hospice, terminally ill, pain management: Dear Veronica, Hospice cannot admit a patient without a doctor s order.This is for the reason you have identified in your last sentence. Ninety days after admission a review is done to see if the patient still meets the criteria for hospice as set forth...

Hospice Care: hospice for CHF, congestive heart failure, hospice nurse
congestive heart failure, hospice nurse, living in a memory: Dear Lee: Please accept my apology for not seeing your question sooner. I hate to keep anyone waiting and your mother s situation is one which requires immediate attention, which makes it so much more frustrating to have kept you waiting. Your mother...

Hospice Care: MOMS PASSING, person peace, body chemicals
person peace, body chemicals, hospice care: Dear Theresa: Thank you so much for writing to me. I am so sorry that you lost your Mom so recently, but happy to know that you were with her and that she had hospice care. It makes all the difference! You made absolutely the right decision about the...

Hospice Care: morphine drip/cancer, morphine, pain labored breathing
morphine, pain labored breathing: Dear Sue, I know this reply has been delayed. Circumstances beyond mine and Allexperts control occurred. Once cancer has spread to all of the body the organs begin to shut down. Morphine can be started with months to live or days to live. The drip...

Hospice Care: what procedures to expect at death time, home hospice care, hospice nurse
home hospice care, hospice nurse, sole caregiver: Dear James: I read your question with more than the usual sense of tenderness. What a lucky man your partner is! I have been the sole caregiver in some desperate circumstances, but none fraught with the challenges you two face, or with someone so young,...

Hospice Care: Mother with Vascular Dementia, vascular dementia, short term memory
vascular dementia, short term memory, hospice care: Dear Candy: This is exactly what hospice addressses: someone whose life expectancy, due to the natural course of their illness, will be less than six months, and whose desire is for palliative care only. In other words, management of symptoms (like pain...

Hospice Care: in patient hospital end stage ovarian CA, stage ovarian cancer, medical power of attorney
stage ovarian cancer, medical power of attorney, coffee ground emesis: My dear Joan: I do not normally get quite this direct, but you are a nurse and I understand exactly where you are, both with your love of your mother-in-law and the interaction you may be having with her physicians. It appears to me that your assessment...

Hospice Care: specialists involved in hospice care, hospice care team, medicare hospice
hospice care team, medicare hospice, google: The various hospice care team members will vary from hospice to hospice. In a smaller hospice, several may wear several hats; in a larger one, there may be several people in each of the roles. A source such as wikipedia or the Medicare hospice information...

Hospice Care: end of life MIL with ovarian cancer., skilled nursing facility, physical signs
skilled nursing facility, physical signs, pain medication: Dear Debi--I am so sorry you and your family are facing this right now. You sound like you are kind of a lone ranger, in that no one seems to be clued in to what is happening, except you and your MIL. If your MIL says she is dying, and she is slipping...

Hospice Care: pancreatic cancer - how long to develope?, pain threshold, stomach pains
pain threshold, stomach pains, second guessing: I have only experienced my Dad twice since he died 25 years ago last month. Be patient, it can happen or it might not. I am not certain that everyone can have that experience. I wish I had it much more often than I do. Again, it is only belief, so...

Hospice Care: Morphine as Bronchial dilator
Hospice Care: Morphine as Bronchial dilator

Hospice Care: Morphine as Bronchial dilator, bronchial dilator, hospice staff
bronchial dilator, hospice staff, hospice patient: Dear David: Thank you for writing to me, and for your kind words. I just offer what I have and hope it helps. I had not heard of morphine being specifically used as a bronchodilator before you wrote. I have started to research this, but have not been...

Hospice Care: Father Dying from Colon Cancer Slowly in Hospice Inpatient Center, hospice center, adavan
hospice center, adavan, colon cancer: Dear Molly: Thank you so much for writing to me. I m sorry your father is so ill, but I m comforted knowing that he is receiving excellent care at the hospice center and even more so that he has such a loving family. For a man who seems to have avoided...

Hospice Care: Final Stage DLB, dementia with lewy bodies, man upstairs
dementia with lewy bodies, man upstairs, sad condition: Hello, Aine, and thank you for writing to me. It s difficult to know with Lewy Body Dementia (not much difference in the names for this sad condition, between the US and Ireland) just when and in what manner the end will come. It does sound as though his...

Hospice Care: Was this handled appropriately?, hospice nurse, bladder cancer
hospice nurse, bladder cancer, hospice care: Dear Lindsay, Not to worry, my dear, it s all good. I m so glad you shared so much with me and with anyone who reads these communications. I need reminding about good and caring nurses too--sometimes it is very frustrating to see what passes for good...

Hospice Care: Signs of Dying for Breast Cancer Patients, stage 4 breast cancer, breast cancer patients
stage 4 breast cancer, breast cancer patients, hospice nurses: Dear Krys: The short answer is, yes. You do not mention hospice but I hope that she is receiving services. Dying is painful and frightening, and hospice can provide medication to eliminate pain and bring out a peaceful calm. The bluish coloring in...

Hospice Care: is death near, end of life, apnea
end of life, apnea, caregiver: Nina I am glad the information was helpful. He may show signs of respiratory changes such as apnea--without breath. He has not control over this. The oxygen is for his comfort and difficulty breathing can be judged only my your father. Morphine helps...

Hospice Care: is death near
Hospice Care: is death near

Hospice Care: Hospice, variety of care for hospice, caregiver help
variety of care for hospice, caregiver help: Dear Margaret First I want to apologize for the delay in this response. Sometimes a question goes out to the group and perhaps this is what has happen to your inquiry. Hospices provide services differently as you have reported in your questions....

Hospice Care: Vent Home Care for 86 year old father with ALS, home health agencies, foley catheter
home health agencies, foley catheter, respiratory nurse: Dear Christina: I m sorry to hear of your father s rapid decline. Hospice is for anyone with a life expectancy of 6 months or less. Sadly, we often receive referrals after patients are actively dying. The point of hospice is to provide comfort and a...

Hospice Care: Fathers death, pupil dilation, inpatient hospice
pupil dilation, inpatient hospice, pupil size: Hi, Hank-- It might be helpful to recall that the pupil is hole with the iris around it. The iris is controlled by muscles, and when those muscles constrict and relax, the iris shape/size changes, and so, by default, does pupil size and, rarely, pupil...

Hospice Care: pancreatic cancer death of father - july 2010, fancy coffees, fancy coffee
fancy coffees, fancy coffee, profound aspects: Dear Peter: I have thought of you often and am so glad you wrote. I m also glad to know that you have reconnected with some of your family, and that you are not alone. A new job, that s a good sign and a good thing. It is so encouraging to know that...

Hospice Care: palliative care?, inpatient hospice facility, hospice care
inpatient hospice facility, hospice care, kidney problem: Dear Hank: I m glad you feel you can still come with questions. I m happy to help you come to grips with your father s death and the circumstances surrounding it. First and foremost, let me address what might be the most painful part of this, your guilty...

Hospice Care: Thank You, mary dear, seventeen years
mary dear, seventeen years, kind of birth: Dear Mary: I m sorry to hear of your illness but my, seventeen years of living is quite something. I hope you find hospice gives you comfort, peace and a lot of quality to the time you have left. You are the first patient who has written to me. That...

Hospice Care: eye colour change before death, eye color change, blueish grey
eye color change, blueish grey, colour change: Dear Stuart: Thank you so much for writing to me. I must say that the eye color change is way out of my area of expertise, the best I can do is suggest that you might ask a pathologist or thanatologist (someone who specializes in the issues surrounding...

Hospice Care: My Father's Hospice Care, retirement community, hospice care
retirement community, hospice care, admittance: Hi, Peg, Thanks for writing. Your Mom needs to be better educated about what it feels like to be unable to communicate, know you are dying and not be given anything for anxiety. Hospice will never prolong life or hasten death, it is all about comfort!...