About Experts Sitemap - Group 30 - Page 4 2014-11-11

Immunology (including AIDS): Help!, risk exposure, hi thanks
risk exposure, hi thanks, splinters: Hi Thanks for your question. Well, this doesn t sound like a high risk exposure to HIV. Even if the blood was infected with HIV (which it probably wasn t), there will not have been enough AND it would not have been able to get deep enough into your finger...

Immunology (including AIDS): HIV 1& 2 ELISA (ABBOTT), antibody tests, dear sir
antibody tests, dear sir, elisa: Bab: These are antibody tests for HIV. They look for the antibody proteins that the body produces to try to fight the virus. They can take some time to develop, so a test at 5 months will be over 95% accurate. A test at 6 months is considered definitive....

Immunology (including AIDS): HIV, worst case scenarios, living with hiv
worst case scenarios, living with hiv, std clinic: Hi Chris Thanks for your message. You are clearly going through a significanr time, and I hope my comments are helpful. You don t say which country you are in - but in many people live with HIV for many years, and this depends on access to treatment, and...

Immunology (including AIDS): HIV, long distance relationship, latex condoms
long distance relationship, latex condoms, latex condom: Hi Susan! Firstly, you are asking some very important questions, and you are doing the right think by consulting for help. Only you can make the decision on whether or not to have a sexual relationship with this man. It would be inappropriate for me...

Immunology (including AIDS): HIV, delta 32 mutation, aids hiv
delta 32 mutation, aids hiv, ccr5 receptor: Hi Adeleke, HIV s main receptor is the CD4 protein, but this only allows the virus to bind. It needs a second receptor in order to enter the cell: the second receptor starts the fusion event between the virus and the cell. This second receptor is a...

Immunology (including AIDS): HIV, hiv test, ansewer
hiv test, ansewer, upset stomach: Hi again Kevin, I said you were more likely to catch something like gonorrhea than HIV, but you symptoms aren t like gonorrhea. STDs cannot turn into AIDS, only HIV can do that. You re worrying too much. Calm down, see a doctor about the muscle twitching....

Immunology (including AIDS): HIV, hiv symptoms, hiv test
hiv symptoms, hiv test, sex with a guy: Jodian: It could indeed be possible for your boyfriend to have contracted HIV from you, if in fact you are infected, subsequent to his last negative HIV test. However, keep in mind that HIV symptoms are rarely transient--they do not tend to come and...

Immunology (including AIDS): HIV, hiv patients, definition of aids
hiv patients, definition of aids, despiration: Hi Thanks for the question. Well, it sounds like your brother-in-law is very ill, and a CD4 count of 49 is very low. As to whether or not he has AIDS, well this depends on a number of other things, and the definition of AIDS does change regularly...BUT...

Immunology (including AIDS): HIV, hiv antibody test, hiv rna
hiv antibody test, hiv rna, hiv infection: Hi Thanks for the question. Well, as the sex was protected, then you cannot catch HIV. The symptoms you describe are not usual for early HIV infection. I don t think you need to worry here, though if your symptoms persist, you should see a medic to make...

Immunology (including AIDS): HIV, hiv virus, hiv test
hiv virus, hiv test, blood sample: Hi Jean Thanks for the interesting question. Well, HIV can survive in ideal conditions (in a lab, kept moist and warm) for around 2 weeks. As to whether antibodies could be detected in the situation you describe (which is what the standard HIV test looks...

Immunology (including AIDS): HIV /AIDS info, hiv aids, hiv infection
hiv aids, hiv infection, ache: Hi If you mean what are the symptoms, then after a few days a person may feel like that they have flu, with joints that ache, and perhaps a slight temperature. These symptoms then disappear - and that s it for a few years! For more info on HIV & AIDS,...

Immunology (including AIDS): HIV/AIDS Testing, hiv antibody, antibody tests
hiv antibody, antibody tests, hiv aids: AB: I assume by HIV testing, you are referring to HIV antibody testing. This is the most widespread kind of testing used with regard to the virus. Antibodies are the protein cells that the body makes in an attempt to fight off the virus. They are part...

Immunology (including AIDS): HIV/AIDS transmission, infectious deseases, aids transmission
infectious deseases, aids transmission, hiv aids: Elizabeth: You absolutely CANNOT get HIV from the lipstick tester. HIV begins to deactivate IMMEDIATELY on contact with the air, and so, any HIV in any blood (which is what fluid that would have to be there) on the lipstick would not be viable for more...

Immunology (including AIDS): HIV/Confidentiality, ethical dilema, hiv confidentiality
ethical dilema, hiv confidentiality, health care provider: Hi Sandra, Sorry for the delay in getting back to you. This is a tough one, and I wanted to do some thinking and checking. It s also not entirely unusual, sadly enough. In New York, there is mandatory partner reporting by the health-care worker. This...

Immunology (including AIDS): HIV concern, hiv seroconversion, seroconversion illness
hiv seroconversion, seroconversion illness, nasty cough: Anthony: You are at very low risk in this entire situation, and in fact, are at no risk from your own body fluids. Your symptoms could be related to the common cold; they are certainly not related to HIV seroconversion illness if the situation you describe...

Immunology (including AIDS): HIV contamination from nail scratching, street prostitute, hiv test
street prostitute, hiv test, golden necklace: Richard: There was NO risk in this situation. She would have had to have had blood on her hands for this to be a source of concern. In fact, in this situation, she would be more at risk from you than vice versa, as the scratcher is more likely to be exposed...

Immunology (including AIDS): HIV contraction from a handjob, fantasy massage, hiv contraction
fantasy massage, hiv contraction, hiv transmission: Hi Thanks for the question. Well, there is no risk of HIV transmission here. HIV only spreads if infected body fluid is able to penetrate deeply through another person s skin. This didn t happen in the situation you describe. Hope this helps. Best...

Immunology (including AIDS): HIV Duo Test - 28 Day Test?, gum clinic, weeks answer
gum clinic, weeks answer, duo test: Simon: There are very very rare cases documented in the literature on testing. Very very rare cases. I have myself never seen a client test positive later who was negative at 6 weeks (at least not due to the same exposure). I ve been doing this work...

Immunology (including AIDS): HIV + IMMUNE DISORDERS, post exposure prophylaxis, immune disorders
post exposure prophylaxis, immune disorders, hi thanks: Hi Thanks for your question. Antibodies produced by a person s body in response to becoming infected with HIV generally appear a few weeks after infection. I m not sure that chemotherapy - and I presume you mean antri-retrovirals (ARVs), the standard treatment...

Immunology (including AIDS): HIV Immunity, hiv negative, flu vaccine
hiv negative, flu vaccine, blood stream: Hi Anna Thanks for your interesting question. Well, my understanding is that if a person is vaccinated, then they are unlikely to catch or carry the infection against which they are protected. However, if a person is NOT vaccinated against something,...

Immunology (including AIDS): HIV INFECTION - PLEASE HELP, thumb joints, tetanus vaccine
thumb joints, tetanus vaccine, symptoms of hiv: Kemal: I think much of what you are experiencing is related to undue concern about the threat of HIV. It is highly unlikely that the needle used to give you the tetanus shot had been used. Most modern countries do NOT reuse syringes or hypodermic needles,...

Immunology (including AIDS): HIV Infection, chances of contracting hiv, symptom of hiv
chances of contracting hiv, symptom of hiv, speedy reply: Hi Thanks for the follow up. Well, the last stats I ve seen are that the risk is less than 1% for men catching HIV from an infected woman in one episode of unprotected sex (and of course this is assuming the women IS HIV positive - if not, then of course...

Immunology (including AIDS): HIV Infection question, unprotected sexual intercourse, unprotected intercourse
unprotected sexual intercourse, unprotected intercourse, time barry: Barry: Unprotected intercourse with a female is LESS risky for the male partner than the female. A single encounter has a risk factor that is quite low, so it does NOT mean that one encounter always results in infection. In fact, the odds are very very...

Immunology (including AIDS): HIV infection, hiv testing, hiv infection
hiv testing, hiv infection, red stuff: Hi Jon, We are talking some EXTREMELY low risk here. Not many kids in the seventh grade are HIV positive. Moreover, it could have been YOUR blood! I always recommend HIV testing for peace of mind, and for status knowledge, but in this case i think its...

Immunology (including AIDS): HIV information, red blood count, blood test result
red blood count, blood test result, white blood count: Hi Thanks for the question - I can undestand your anxiety. Well, your symptoms don t necessarily sound typical of HIV infection, but it DOES sound like you would benefit from some kind of full medical check up/screening, to make sure there is nothing else...

Immunology (including AIDS): HIV from lap dance?, vaginal secretions, penis shaft
vaginal secretions, penis shaft, sharing needles: Hi Thanks for the follow up. Well, this makes no real difference - even if the woman was HIV positive, there is no way she could have passed it to you in the situation you describe. I really don t think you have anything to worry about here. Hope...

Immunology (including AIDS): HIV through Oral Sex, hiv and oral sex, catching hiv
hiv and oral sex, catching hiv, sex partners: Hi William Thanks for the question. Well, your risks of catching HIV in this case is very low. The only risk would be if she girl had bleeding sores/cuts in her mouth, and if you had open sores/cuts on your penis into which infected blood (if she is HIV...

Immunology (including AIDS): HIV and oral sex, hiv and oral sex, open wound
hiv and oral sex, open wound, hi thanks: Hi Thanks for the question. Well, HIV can be spread through oral sex, BUT in the situation you describe, this is not possible. HIV is not spread through saliva... Hope this helps - and for more information on HIV and oral sex, go here: http://www.avert.org/orlsx.htm...

Immunology (including AIDS): Am I HIV Positve?, hiv symptoms, contracting hiv
hiv symptoms, contracting hiv, steady relationship: Hi Thanks for the question. Well, depending on where you live, the risk of contracting HIV could be low...or low-medium. If you are concerned, then you should perhaps consider a test. I would recommend visiting a testing centre; they can then advise on...

Immunology (including AIDS): HIV positive parent and Varicella immunization in child not HIV posititve, chicken pox vaccination, public health department
chicken pox vaccination, public health department, varicella: Wendy: It is recommended that people who are immune compromised (which includes people with HIV) avoid contact with individuals who have been vaccinated against varicella. This is because the vaccine uses a live virus that can cause disease in immune compromised...

Immunology (including AIDS): HIV RISK, catching hiv, hiv risk
catching hiv, hiv risk, hiv virus: Hi Thanks for the follow up - well, however long it takes fluid to dry - the virus would certainly be dead in a few hours. And remember, to be a risk there has to be fresh, infected fluid, and this has to gain deep access to another person s body. I...

Immunology (including AIDS): HIV Risk?, hiv risk, hiv transmission
hiv risk, hiv transmission, theoretical risk: Hi Thanks for the follow up. I think maybe you are more anxious than you should be - I still feel there isn t risk of HIV transmission in the situation you describe - and not sure how long your wounds should take to heal...but if they were scabbed and not...

Immunology (including AIDS): HIV Risk?, cold chills, hiv risk
cold chills, hiv risk, vaginal sex: Hi Thanks for the question. Well, in the situation you describe it doesn t sound like you ve been infected with HIV - you used a condom. I don t think you need to worry here - but by all means have a test to put your mind at rest (you could have it done...

Immunology (including AIDS): HIV Risk from Drink Swap, symptoms of hiv infection, bumps on lips
symptoms of hiv infection, bumps on lips, hostess bar: Hi Thanks for the question. Well, I m sure in the situation you describe you haven t got HIV. You could not have got it from swapping drinks (the virus would have been killed by the drink; and also infected fluid - blood - would have been too diluted)....

Immunology (including AIDS): is there a HIV risk?, sign of hiv, hiv risk
sign of hiv, hiv risk, unprotected oral sex: Hi Thanks for the question. Well, the chances are low - not sure of the %, but receiving oral sex is considered very low risk, even if given by a person infected with HIV. For HIV to be transmitted, there would need to be deep cuts/sores on the penis, and...

Immunology (including AIDS): HIV risk, gay bathhouse, hiv risk
gay bathhouse, hiv risk, self masturbation: Sor: There is NO risk of infection here. HIV cannot remain active outside the body for long, so even if there were virus present, it would not be viable. Thus, you have no concern from this incident whatsoever. I hope this is helpful. Davi...

Immunology (including AIDS): HIV risk, hiv risk, symptoms of hiv
hiv risk, symptoms of hiv, night sweat: Hi Thanks for the question. Well, unprotected sex (even before orgasm) can be risky, though the chances of becoming infected (even assuming the other person is HIV positive) is till low, from a single incident such as this. Unless you have a strong suspicion...

Immunology (including AIDS): HIV risk?, blood semen, hiv risk
blood semen, hiv risk, moisturiser: Short Answer: Nope! Long answer: HIV doesn t live very long in the environment. Without fresh fluids, it usually can t survive. You used a condom. Unless the moisturiser was oil-based it probably didn t degrade the condom (and even if it did, the other...

Immunology (including AIDS): HIV or STD???, face muscles, contracting hiv
face muscles, contracting hiv, arm muscles: Kevin: I am NOT a medical doctor so I cannot provide a diagnosis. However, your symptoms do not resemble those of HIV disease. STDs CANNOT, repeat, CANNOT become HIV/AIDS. If you have gonnorhea, it cannot become HIV. I would certainly recommend...

Immunology (including AIDS): HIV Symptoms and testing, early symptoms of hiv infection, swollen lymph nodes
early symptoms of hiv infection, swollen lymph nodes, symptoms of hiv infection: Hi Thanks for the question. Well, a negative result at 12 weeks is pretty conclusive (and it is unusual for early symptoms of HIV infection to go on for as long as you say you ve been ill). I do recommend seeing a medic though, to see if anything else is...

Immunology (including AIDS): HIV TEST, hiv test, barrier protection
hiv test, barrier protection, window period: Hi there, I think you re being overly concerned about HIV in this situation. The test results are very accurate, and a negative result after 4 months would be extremely reassuring. The window period is typically 6-8 weeks from exposure before antibodies...

Immunology (including AIDS): HIV Test Conclusiveness, antibody level, vaginal secretions
antibody level, vaginal secretions, antibody test: Kenny: Your test is conclusive at the degree you specify. Here is why: Antigens are proteins found on HIV viral particles. Therefore, once enough of the virus is replicated inside the body (one week post-infection), the p24 test would be positive....

Immunology (including AIDS): HIV Test, unprotected oral sex, defense mechanisms
unprotected oral sex, defense mechanisms, hiv test: Keith: The general consensus is that oral sex is much less risky than either vaginal or anal sex. However, there is still *some* risk, particularly if semen gets in the mouth. The mouth is nevertheless a very inhospitable environment for HIV and there...

Immunology (including AIDS): HIV Testing / Results, tiny proportion, hiv testing
tiny proportion, hiv testing, conclusive answer: Hi Thanks for the follow up, and apologies if the answer is confusing. HIV testing centres consider 12 weeks/3 months to be the ideal time to test for HIV, because the antibodies the test looks for have usually appeared by this time. So, your negative...

Immunology (including AIDS): HIV Testing, duo test, hiv testing
duo test, hiv testing, unexplained symptoms: Hi Peter Thanks for your question. Well, after 80 days (which is around 11 weeks) I would certainly expect one of the tests to be positive by now; and symptoms such as the ones you describe don t last this long anyway. It doesn t sound like HIV - BUT...

Immunology (including AIDS): HIV TRANSMISSION, hiv transmission, worrier
hiv transmission, worrier, dentist: Hi there, It s not really likely to catch HIV from someone s fingers. If they had a cut or something similar you or they would likely notice it, and you would probably have to have some kind of injury in the mouth as well. Even if your dentist had HIV,...

Immunology (including AIDS): HIV TREATMENT, aids website, hiv treatment
aids website, hiv treatment, symptom of disease: Tami: The current treatment recommendations can be found at the CDC s HIV/AIDS website: www.cdc.gov There is always debate about when to start treatment. If I were HIV positive, I would begin treatment when viral load had rearched about 50 000 per cubic...

Immunology (including AIDS): HIV Transmission, hiv transmission, hiv aids
hiv transmission, hiv aids, theoretical risk: Hi Thanks for your question. Well, for HIV to be transmitted in the way you describe, there would need to be infected body fluid on the hand/finger (or heavy bleeding); and (and as you mention) cuts or sores in the other person s mouth. So, in theory...

Immunology (including AIDS): HIV Transmission, vaginal intercourse, hiv transmission
vaginal intercourse, hiv transmission, risk activities: Bryan: First, those are incredibly LOW risk activities for HIV. The frottage is NO risk, and, if I may be blunt, you d be dead by now if you caught HIV from it, since it s so long ago. Receiving oral sex is extremely low risk for HIV. Not zero, but...

Immunology (including AIDS): HIV Transmission., hiv transmission, mutual masturbation
hiv transmission, mutual masturbation, hiv infection: No, Jim, no significant risk. Remember, the towel is absorbent, and there is the air contact. If semen did get in contact with the urethra, however unlikely, remember, your semen would be still coming out of your urethra, thereby disallowing entry of his....

Immunology (including AIDS): HIV Transmission, hiv transmission, worrier
hiv transmission, worrier, copious amounts: Hello: HIV CANNOT be transmitted this way. You would need copious amounts of blood, which would never be invisible. My dentist checks my mouth without gloves always. There is nothing to worry about here. I hope this is helpful in easing your mind....

Immunology (including AIDS): HIV Transmisson, aids info, hiv aids
aids info, hiv aids, vaginal fluid: Han Hi - thanks for the question. HIV is not transmitted in sweat, so the situation you describe is not a risk. HIV is only contained in significant quantities in: blood, semen, vaginal fluid and breast milk of people who are infected. Other body fluids...

Immunology (including AIDS): HIV test Elisa 4 and P24 test done after 4 weeks, hiv variants, test elisa
hiv variants, test elisa, hiv tests: A. Fraid: The P24 is a very accurate test, with very high sensitivity. That means it will not miss the vast majority of positives. Your test was accurate. HIV2 is very rare in your part of the world. I would not worry about it. Please stop worrying...

Immunology (including AIDS): HIV testing, david answer, hiv testing
david answer, hiv testing, hiv test: Dan: I cannot tell you if the test you had performed checked for all subtypes--most test only for those in North America most commonly. You apparently had one that checks for 1 and 2, the most common here. At six months, you can consider this test conclusive....

Immunology (including AIDS): Can HIV transfer this way? Helped at a car accident..., fatal car accident, hepatitis b
fatal car accident, hepatitis b, rubbing alcohol: Hi Well, its difficult to say how deep a cut has to be to pose a risk, but if the nurse couldn t see any breaks in the skin then its unlikely that you were infected with anything. I don t think you need to worry in this case. Hope this helps. Ia...

Immunology (including AIDS): HIV transmission, womens vagina, hiv transmission
womens vagina, hiv transmission, begginning: Hi Thanks for the question. Well, there is a small risk here, though it is VERY small, and would depend on any exchange of body fluid... As you describe it, I expect the risk here to be so low as not to worry about it. Hope this helps, and feel free...

Immunology (including AIDS): HIV transmission, hiv transmission, theoretical risk
hiv transmission, theoretical risk, hiv test: Hi Thanks for the message. Well, there is a theoretical risk here (technically unprotected sex), but the risk is very low. If you are concerned the sex worker could have been HIV positive, then perhaps you should consider an HIV test BUT I do think the...

Immunology (including AIDS): HIV transmission & prevention, hiv seroconversion, swollen lymph nodes
hiv seroconversion, swollen lymph nodes, seroconversion illness: HIV seroconversion illness occurs in around half or more of people who get infected. Unfortunately it s very much like other viral infections: you feel ill, may get a rash and swollen lymph nodes. The lymph nodes tend to last for a long time though, and...

Immunology (including AIDS): HIV transmission risk?, vaginal secretions, marty mcfly
vaginal secretions, marty mcfly, contracting hiv: Hi Lance, Your question is a common one. I don t think you have much to worry about. The what ifs in this scenario are honestly something that can put you onto a neverending rollercoaster, and the actual risk isn t worth losing ANY sleep over. Fingering...

Immunology (including AIDS): HIV transmission trough finger cuts, catching hiv, finger cuts
catching hiv, finger cuts, hiv transmission: Hi Thanks for the question. Well, I can understand your concern, but you don t need to worry about HIV here; it is not possible for enough infected fluid to get into your body through these kind of cuts. Hope this helps - and for more information about...

Immunology (including AIDS): HIV transmission?, catching hiv, hiv transmission
catching hiv, hiv transmission, mutual masturbation: Hi Jim Thanks for your question. Well, it sounds like in the situation you desrcibe, there is only a very low risk of HIV transmission. With regard to your main concern, the only way this could happen is if any infected semen was able enter your bloodstream...

Immunology (including AIDS): HIV treatments (Videx), hiv treatments, pharmicist
hiv treatments, pharmicist, luck david: Simon: As I am neither a medical doctor or a pharmicist, I am unable to help you with this complicated question. I would recommend discussing this with your physician or a pharmicist. You can also look for information at medicinenet.com I have found...

Immunology (including AIDS): HIV ttransmission through open lip , cuts or sore, white tongue, sex sessions
white tongue, sex sessions, cold cores: Hi Thanks for the question. Well, HIV can be transmitted through oral sex, though it is a lot less commn than through unprotected penetrative sex. The symptoms you describe could be due to lots of things, so I recommend visiting a medic for a check up....

Immunology (including AIDS): HIV on vibrator, hiv test, lysol
hiv test, lysol, sex toys: Melanie: Of course, I really cannot answer your first question as I have no idea what the substance could be and there is no possible way to find that out. HIV-2 is not as fragile as HIV-1 but would still be deactivated. HIV-2 is almost non-existent...

Immunology (including AIDS): Will I Get HIV this Way?, paranoid person, eyes on the road
paranoid person, eyes on the road, hi thanks: Hi Thanks for the question, and I can understand your concern. However, once infected fluid dries, then HIV is inactivated. So, even if there was infected blood in your car, once it had dried (after a few minutes), it would pose no risk at all. Hope...

Immunology (including AIDS): getting HIV, catching hiv, children with aids
catching hiv, children with aids, hiv test: Hi Thanks for the message. I would say that in the situation you describe, there is very little risk of you catching HIV. To put your mind at rest, you could perhaps have an HIV test in 3 months time, but I m pretty sure it will be negative. Hope this...

Immunology (including AIDS): Hi, IanI would like to..., hiv transmission, french kiss
hiv transmission, french kiss, fresh blood: Claude Hi - thanks for the question. Well, I suppose in theory this mean a small risk of HIV transmission, though it is highly unlikely. Do you know if she IS HIV+ ? I don t think you should worry - 2 hours is long enough to neutralise the virus (it...

Immunology (including AIDS): High or Low Risk, vaginal secretions, hiv tests
vaginal secretions, hiv tests, superficial cuts: John: We know the risks for HIV infection via cuts on the skin through health care workers who have been exposed to blood on the skin. Even with blood, which has MUCH higher concentrations of HIV than vaginal secretions, transmission from blood splashes...

Immunology (including AIDS): High risk?, sexual intercourse, vaginal fluid
sexual intercourse, vaginal fluid, massage parlor: Gordon: Obviously you are not at any risk from the oral sex. You would be at very low risk from the vaginal touching, primarily because vaginal fluids have very low levels of HIV (much less than either blood or semen). As well, HIV deactivates on contact...

Immunology (including AIDS): Hiv/Aids, physical impossibility, hiv aids
physical impossibility, hiv aids, drinking glasses: Madison: You cannot contract HIV from sharing drinking glasses, cups, bottles, etc. It is a physical impossibility for transmission to occur under such a scenario. Keep in mind to that your stepmother is not necessarily infected with the virus in...

Immunology (including AIDS): Hiv infection/anal fluids, risk situation, hiv infection
risk situation, hiv infection, havn: Tina: Anal fluids are not in themselves a risk, but if blood were present, the risk is there. However, HIV deactivates on contact with air, so if HIV were present, it would be losing its efficiency very very quickly. Also, most cuts heal well enough within...

Immunology (including AIDS): Hiv Transmission, needle stick injury, hiv transmission
needle stick injury, hiv transmission, blood on your hands: Hi R, It would be extremely unusual for the kind of exposure you describe to result in an HIV transmission. You would generally need an open cut and fresh blood (like a needle-stick injury for example). If you didn t see blood on your hands, I would...

Immunology (including AIDS): Hiv Transmission, hiv transmission, place hope
hiv transmission, place hope, blood on my hands: Hi Thanks for the question. I can understand your anxiety - in theory of course, HIV can be passed on via direct contact. BUT - I m pretty sure the risk of HIV transmission in the situation you describe is VERY low. For HIV to be passed on: there has...

Immunology (including AIDS): Hiv Transmission, hiv transmission, blood on my hands
hiv transmission, blood on my hands, intact skin: R: The simple answer is: NO, you cannot contract HIV this way. It begins to deactivate on contact with the air and would be too much absorbed by the fabric to cause infection. Besides, it doesn t pass through intact skin, so even if it was wet, you d...

Immunology (including AIDS): Hiv transmission, routine blood test, hiv virus
routine blood test, hiv virus, surgical spirit: Roy: Please put your mind at ease. There is no possibility of infection from this situation. HIV does not survive in a dried fluid. The alcohol would have decontaminated any area anyway. There is nothing here for you to worry about. I hope this is...

Immunology (including AIDS): Hoing you canhelp me, hiv infection, uii
hiv infection, uii, open mouth: Thomas: It is always an issue of the FLUID that is involved in any given situation, not the actual behaviour. Thus, the additional information you have provided makes no difference in the original assessment: You were NOT at risk in this situation at...

Immunology (including AIDS): Holding infected seman in my mouth while I masturbate., doc james, hiv transmission
doc james, hiv transmission, hiv test: James: Unfortunately, most of us assume people who are positive will tell the people they are positive, but very often that isn t the case. It s not a nice situation to be in. Keep in mind that oral sex is low risk for HIV transmission. Not no risk,...

Immunology (including AIDS): Home Tests, aids home tests, fda guidelines
aids home tests, fda guidelines, hiv aids: The rapid tests started off as, in my opinion, a rather dodgy scam. However there are now several that meet FDA guidelines and standards, with the large proviso that they are only _preliminary_ tests. A positive result on one of these tests does NOT necessarily...

Immunology (including AIDS): Home Tests, aids home tests, home access express
aids home tests, home access express, hiv aids: Hi Dino, There is only ONE test available off the internet which I would recommend, and that is the Home Access Express HIV 1 Test System manufactured by the Home Access Corporation. The reason I only recommend this one, is because the aforementioned...

Immunology (including AIDS): HPV in HIV, positive ppd test, chest x ray
positive ppd test, chest x ray, sign of hiv: S: Being HIV positive does NOT mean that TB would become active. A positive PPD does not indicate HIV infection, and it is not routine for people testing positive on the PPD to be tested for HIV. The warts could have been a recurrence. That does happen...

Immunology (including AIDS): hangnail, hiv prevalence, hiv transmission
hiv prevalence, hiv transmission, sexual encounter: Hi Thanks for the question. Well, this is one of those situations where - in THEORY - there could be a slight risk of HIV transmission, if the girl is HIV positive, and your hangnail had already caused a cut/break in your skin. BUT - in REALITY - I think...

Immunology (including AIDS): hangnail, vaginal secretions, hiv infection
vaginal secretions, hiv infection, manual stimulation: Fernando: Fingering (manual stimulation) of a female s genitals is NO risk for HIV infection. First, vaginal secretions have very low levels of HIV in them. Second, your skin would have to be really compromised to provide a risk, and yours was not so....

Immunology (including AIDS): hello again..regarding something else, soap and water, stepdad
soap and water, stepdad, fresh blood: Hi Well, HIV can be transmitted by fresh blood, and it is recommended not to share razors if there is a risk of contact with infected blood. BUT - its easy to get paranoid about these things...I don t think you should be too concerned; and if the razor...

Immunology (including AIDS): hello again., saliva hiv, spread hiv
saliva hiv, spread hiv, sharing needles: Hi I think it would be less than the risk from French kissing...and saliva may inhibit HIV, but would also dilute the blood. I really don t think you re at risk of HIV here - I can understand your anxiety (HIV is frightening...), but in the situation you...

Immunology (including AIDS): hi, mail in uk, simon watney
mail in uk, simon watney, simon garfield: Hi Sue Well, there certainly is bias, but as I mentioned in the last message, it depends on the stance of the publication. All parts of the media are biased in some way, depending on the readership they are trying to satisfy. In the UK at the moment, asylum...

Immunology (including AIDS): how high is my risk, professional athelete, hiv status
professional athelete, hiv status, hiv transmission: Hi Thanks for the follow up - and sorry you aren t feeling well. Well, it does sound like you have a bad cold/cough. Not typical of early HIV infection - but if symptoms persist you should see a medic to sort out the cold/cough... Hope you feel better...

Immunology (including AIDS): hiv, contracting hiv, check ups
contracting hiv, check ups, std check: Sheldon: Your chances of infection here are very low. The condom still offers protection even when broken, and you only continued to have contact for a very short period of time. I would say that you have nothing to worry about, but for your own peace...

Immunology (including AIDS): hiv, hiv elisa, hiv proteins
hiv elisa, hiv proteins, elisa tests: Hi Anil, There are many different HIV ELISA tests and other tests used in the same way (as screening tools). They all basically do the same thing but in slightly different ways. Ultimately they are all trying to detect antibodies made by the patient to...

Immunology (including AIDS): do i have hiv, hiv seroconversion, seroconversion illness
hiv seroconversion, seroconversion illness, dry cough: C Mac: A test for HIV at 5 months post-exposure is going to be very very accurate, so it is unlikely you have HIV. As well, your symptoms are not typically of HIV seroconversion illness. I would recommend that you get tested to ease your mind. However,...

Immunology (including AIDS): hiv ?, hiv exposure, hi thanks
hiv exposure, hi thanks, medic: Hi Thanks for your question, and I can understand your anxiety. Well, if all your tests were negative (especially the one at 13 weeks), then you can be sure you have not been infected with HIV. The rash will be caused by something esle - perhaps you...

Immunology (including AIDS): have i got hiv, symptoms of hiv infection, green mucus
symptoms of hiv infection, green mucus, extreme tiredness: Hi Thanks for your question. Well, I can understand your concern, but your symptoms sound more like a bad cough/cold. You are right to say early (and brief) symptoms of HIV infection are aching limbs and tiredness (and sometimes swollen glands); but not...

Immunology (including AIDS): hiv, dental hygeine, hiv virus
dental hygeine, hiv virus, aids patient: Hi Thanks for the follow up. I can certainly understand your anxiety...I think the problem with this situation is that its difficult to truly work out the risk here (hence some are saying remote; some are saying no chance). Its one of those theoretical...

Immunology (including AIDS): hiv aquisition from an abraded finger making contact with water in a toilet bowl, chances of getting hiv, toilet bowl
chances of getting hiv, toilet bowl, blood semen: Hi Sandra Thanks for the question. You can t get HIV in this way; HIV only spreads through 4 body fluids: blood; semen; vaginal fluid; breast milk. Hope this helps, and for more information I recommend this website: www.avert.org Best wishes ...

Immunology (including AIDS): hiv ars symptoms or not?, swollen groin lymph node, groin lymph node
swollen groin lymph node, groin lymph node, white tongue: Alex: I am NOT a medical doctor, but these do not seem like symptoms of early HIV infection to me. People infected with HIV often develop what is called Acute Retroviral Syndrome, which resembles the flu, within a few weeks after infection. Symptoms...

Immunology (including AIDS): hiv in blood to mouth, mouth ulcers, giving oral sex
mouth ulcers, giving oral sex, stomach acid: It s difficult, if not impossible to know how much blood is needed. Any quantity can possibly result in infection, but it s just that a greater amount will have a greater risk. You re right that stomach acid will protect against infection. There are also...

Immunology (including AIDS): hiv concern, vaginal secretions, unprotected oral sex
vaginal secretions, unprotected oral sex, hiv transmission: Jeff: I am NOT a medical doctor, so I do not know what could be happening here. It is however very unlikely to be HIV. First, oral sex is extremely low risk in terms of HIV transmission--particularly when performed on a female (versus a male). This is...

Immunology (including AIDS): hiv enviormental surfaces, fragile virus, hiv
fragile virus, hiv, three times: Makeba: Theoretically, one could get infected this way, but the odds against it are incredible. First, HIV begins to deactivate on contact with air, and so the blood would have to be fresh. And by fresh I mean the contact would have to be within *seconds*...

Immunology (including AIDS): hiv from fingering - used a finger which had a cur, vaginal secretions, contracting hiv
vaginal secretions, contracting hiv, diarhoea: Prash: Digital stimulation of the vagina is considered SAFE regardless of the state of the skin on the fingers. Cuts on the skin typically heal enough within 4 hours to disallow infection, so your cut would not have posed a risk. Keep in mind that...

Immunology (including AIDS): hiv through fingering, asking the right questions, hiv transmission
asking the right questions, hiv transmission, papercut: Hi Thanks for the question. Well, I think in this situation the risk of HIV transmission is virtually nil. You are asking the right questions (about blood etc.), but you would need a very deep cut on your finger/hand that a large amount of infected fluid...

Immunology (including AIDS): Can you get hiv from a hand job if the other person was touching his penis as well, chances of catching hiv, hand job
chances of catching hiv, hand job, hi thanks: Hi Thanks for the question. Catching HIV in the way you describe is not possible. You should not worry about HIV.... Hope this helps, and a useful site I recommend for further information is here: www.avert.org ...but do feel free to send a follow...

Immunology (including AIDS): hiv through handjob with possible herpes sore, blood semen, hiv positive
blood semen, hiv positive, vaginal fluid: Hi Thanks for the message - and no, I m not a medic, though I am a registered nurse (and I have a PhD...). You haven t got HIV from the situation you describe, so you can t pass this on to your wife...BUT there is a chance you could pass on herpes, unless...

Immunology (including AIDS): hiv and hep-c, latex condom, hep c
latex condom, hep c, local support group: Hi Chris, Its quite simple really! He needs to 1. Tell all partners of his status 2. Use a latex condom when inserting his penis in someone s vagina, anus, or mouth. 3. Practice other forms of sex ie: outercourse (mutual masturbation, erotic massage,...

Immunology (including AIDS): hiv/oral, catching hiv, balance of probabilities
catching hiv, balance of probabilities, hiv and aids: Hi Thanks for the follow up. Well, HIV is the virus that leads to AIDS, so they are linked. AND - your weight loss won t be due to HIV infection (this is much too soon...if you HAD been infected from this incident, then weight loss wouldn t happen for years)....

Immunology (including AIDS): hiv risk, hiv risk, hiv transmission
hiv risk, hiv transmission, rubbing alcohol: Hi Thanks for the message - well, in the situation you describe I m pretty sure there is no risk of HIV transmission. You are wise (of course!) to be wary of body fluids such as semen/pre-cum (and of course blood), but HIV is actually quite hard to catch...

Immunology (including AIDS): hiv risk?, hiv risk, timely reply
hiv risk, timely reply, matrass: Being under the mattress would still count as being exposed to air . The reason why the lubricant doesn t matter so much is that the risk itself is practically non-existant, so with or without a functional condom makes no difference! :o) Cheers Bennet...

Immunology (including AIDS): hiv spit on negative eye, negative person, saliva
negative person, saliva, hiv: Charles: Because the eye has membranes that can allow HIV to pass, if there was blood in the saliva that was spit, there is a theoretical chance HIV could pass that way. However, theoretical does not mean it happens in reality. Saliva has anti-HIV properties....

Immunology (including AIDS): hiv test, hiv transmission, hiv test
hiv transmission, hiv test, hiv infection: Hi Thanks for the follow-up. Well, I haven t seen any evidence for HIV not showing up for 8 months...the test is usually assumed to be a reliable indicator at 3 months of the presence of HIV infection. Making out does not usually carry a risk of HIV...

Immunology (including AIDS): hiv test 6 weeks .., immune system disorder, hiv test
immune system disorder, hiv test, immunosuppressive therapies: Chase: A test at 6 weeks post-exposure would be over 90 percent accurate. It is true that some immune disorders and immunosuppressive therapies (like chemotherapy, for instance) can cause delay in seroconversion (i.e., development of antibodies to a...

Immunology (including AIDS): hiv test after 6 weeks, antigen tests, antigen test
antigen tests, antigen test, p24 antigen: Kida: Antibody and antigen tests are quite different. Antigens cause the body to produce antibodies, so HIV antigens appear before antibodies (and then disappear once antibodies are created). Antigens usually appear within a couple of weeks, but since...

Immunology (including AIDS): hiv test times, nine and a half weeks, hiv test
nine and a half weeks, hiv test, test times: Hi Richard Thanks for the question. Well, most people have sero-converted by 9 weeks, but the 12 week test (and often another at 6 months) is done to make sure any late converters are picked up... Hope this helps. For more information about testing,...

Immunology (including AIDS): hiv test, hiv test, false negatives
hiv test, false negatives, antibodies: Billy: Two simple answers to these questions: There is NO chance whatsoever you could have contracted HIV two years ago and not have it show up now on a test. False negatives occur only at the very earliest stages of infection, when not enough antibodies...

Immunology (including AIDS): hiv testing, hiv testing, hiv
hiv testing, hiv, irene: Hi Irene Thanks for the message. Well, HIV 1 is much more common than HIV 2; and it is more usual to test just for HIV 1. Some centres will also routinely test for HIV 2 as well; but not all. If a person thinks they may have been in contact with HIV 2,...

Immunology (including AIDS): hiv testing, catching hiv, hiv testing
catching hiv, hiv testing, pre cum: Hi Catherine Thanks for the message. Well, in this kind of situation the risk of catching HIV is low, but theoretical. Do you think the guy may be HIV positive? Your symptoms could be due to lots of things... As you are concerned, then you are wise getting...

Immunology (including AIDS): hiv testing, low grade fever, hiv symptoms
low grade fever, hiv symptoms, swollen glands: Hi Thanks for the question. Sounds like your lymph node may have become enlarged because of some localised infection in your leg following your accident. This isn t connected with HIV, and as long as you ve been to an emergency centre to confirm there...

Immunology (including AIDS): hiv transmission, hiv transmission, trace of blood
hiv transmission, trace of blood, dharan: K. Dharan: There is some very small risk in this situation due to the presence of blood in the mouth, but the risk is very low because of the short duration of contact and the use of water to dilute the blood. The mucous membranes in the mouth are very...

Immunology (including AIDS): hiv transmission, hiv and oral sex, cum on my hands
hiv and oral sex, cum on my hands, hiv transmission: Hi Thanks for the question. Well, there is a low risk of HIV transmission during oral sex, but this IS low. I suspect that even if the guy WAS HIV positive, its unlikely you ll catch HIV. If you re REALLY worried, you could attend a testing centre for...

Immunology (including AIDS): hiv transmission, antibody test, hiv transmission
antibody test, hiv transmission, blood transfusion: Hi There are tests that pick up the virus before 3 months - and certainly quite a few people develop antibodies before 3 months anyway, so the usual (antibody) test would pick them up too. 3 months is seen as the final confirmation. And, in response...

Immunology (including AIDS): hiv transmission, vaginal secretions, vaginal intercourse
vaginal secretions, vaginal intercourse, hiv transmission: Steve: It is dangerous to not use a condom, as I m sure you know. The good thing is you used it most of the time. Blood need not be present for transmission to occur because vaginal secretions can contain HIV. It s unlikely she had the virus, but if...

Immunology (including AIDS): hiv, hiv tests, common misconceptions
hiv tests, common misconceptions, hiv test: Jill: One of the most common misconceptions couples have regarding HIV tests is that they believe if one partner tests negative, the other partner must therefore be negative. However, another person s HIV test can NEVER tell you anything AT ALL about your...

Immunology (including AIDS): is there hope for me?, rapid hiv test, gum clinic
rapid hiv test, gum clinic, contracting hiv: Gary: Yes, the rapid tests are accurate, particularly with respect to results which are negative (they have a slightly higher false positive level). A test at 8.5 weeks would find over 80% of true positives. Thus, I would still recommend a follow-up...

Immunology (including AIDS): Is there hope for me?, rapid hiv test, catching hiv
rapid hiv test, catching hiv, gum clinic: Hi Gary Thanks for the comment and info. Well, the rapid tests are pretty accurate. The only thing I would say is, it may be wise to have another test after 12 weeks (the latest time when HIV - IF present - will be detected). 8.5 weeks is a BIT early to...

Immunology (including AIDS): IgA deficiency?, normal chest xray, treatment for sinus infections
normal chest xray, treatment for sinus infections, sinus ct: Hi Thanks for your question. I m afraid this is outside my area of expertise, which is more around HIV prevention. What I DO know is that a low IgA is likely to increase susceptibility to certain types of infection, and can be caused by a range of things....

Immunology (including AIDS): Immune System, hiv antibodies, uvb light
hiv antibodies, uvb light, organ transplants: Hi Neil, The 3 month result is likely to be as accurate as you can get it. UV treatments shouldn t affect your immune system in any way. Other drugs can affect the immune system by directly acting against the white cells, but even then you would still...

Immunology (including AIDS): Immune system, uvb light therapy, hiv antibodies
uvb light therapy, hiv antibodies, immune suppression: Neil: A test at three months post- possible exposure is EXTREMELY accurate: Over 95% of truly infected people would show up as positive on a test at that time; the remainder would test negative even though they were really positive simply because their...

Immunology (including AIDS): Am I Infected?, catching hiv, handjob
catching hiv, handjob, best wishes: Hi Sandra Thanks for the question. Well, I think the risk of catching HIV here is very low. In the situation you describe, there is not enough infected fluid (if it is infected...) getting deep enough into your body. You don t need to be tested. Hope...

Immunology (including AIDS): Information about MCH II, gp 41, california san francisco
gp 41, california san francisco, hivinsite: Umberto: The first place I would look for this information is at HIV Insite sponsored by the University of California--San Francisco. I believe the address is www.hivinsite.edu You could also try the CDCs website at www.cdc.gov Good luck with your...

Immunology (including AIDS): Insurance, hiv aids test, ryan white care
hiv aids test, ryan white care, infectious disease physician: I think that that kind of policy needs changing anyway! If you want to change it to another, with a lower deductable, then I would start shopping around before the test results. Many policies won t accept care for existing conditions, apparently. I m...

Immunology (including AIDS): Irresponsible and NOW scared, genetic mutation, hiv test
genetic mutation, hiv test, sexual encounter: Hi Thanks for your question; I can understand your concern. Well, the chances of becoming infected in the situation you describe depend on a number of things: if you think he did not ejaculate then the chances are lower than if he did (though pre-ejaculate...

Immunology (including AIDS): immunology, t cell maturation, secondary lymphoid organs
t cell maturation, secondary lymphoid organs, b lymphocytes: Hi Ravi, You have things backwards! ;-) The exposure to antigens in the lymphoid organs is to tell the B cells what NOT to react to (i.e. normal human proteins). In fact most of the control is done by the T cells, as B cells on their own won t produce...

Immunology (including AIDS): immunology, cd4 molecule, b lymphocytes
cd4 molecule, b lymphocytes, hiv virus: Hi Ravi, The reason why HIV is able to persist is a complex one. The simple answer is that there IS an immune response against the infected cell - the trouble is that in doing so the body kills off it s own immune system. Obviously if HIV is slow in replicating...

Immunology (including AIDS): inconlcusive hiv test, auto immune disease, hiv antibodies
auto immune disease, hiv antibodies, elisa test: Hi Thanks for the question. Well, when you have the standard HIV test, it is looking for HIV antibodies. There are two types of test - the ELISA test (the one always done first) and the Western Blot test. The ELISA test can occasionally give false-positive...

Immunology (including AIDS): infected or not, catching hiv, hiv info
catching hiv, hiv info, plz answer: Hi Thanks for the question. Well, in this situation, you are not at risk of catching HIV. You are wise to be cautious when there is blood around of course! But for HIv to spread, there needs to be a lot of infected blood, which needs to get into the body...

Immunology (including AIDS): infected or not, hiv test, clean needle
hiv test, clean needle, taking blood: Hi Thanks for the question. Well, it would be extremely unlikely for someone not to change needles between people when taking blood for an HIV test. If you had the test in a clinic/hospital, then I m certain a clean needle would have been used, so don t...

Immunology (including AIDS): infected or not, needles and syringes, sharing needles
needles and syringes, sharing needles, viral particles: Hi Thanks for the question. Well, it all really depends on the context; if infected fluid carries a lot of viral particles (the viral load), then the risk of infection is higher. The actual amount of blood needed to transmit HIV would depend on what the...

Immunology (including AIDS): Can I be infected?, hiv aids, massage parlor
hiv aids, massage parlor, hi thanks: Hi Thanks for the question. Well, its rare for HIV to be transmitted in this way, and would only be a problem if the other person was HIV positive with open (bleeding) sores in their mouth, and you had open sores on your penis. So - I don t think you...

Immunology (including AIDS): could i be infected?, catching hiv, strong suspicion
catching hiv, strong suspicion, pre cum: Hi Mallory Thanks for the question. Well, the risk of catching HIV here is low, but still a possibility. Pre-ejaculate (pre-cum) does carry the virus. BUT - the risk is low, so unless you have evidence or strong suspicion either of these people were...

Immunology (including AIDS): I am infected with HIV ??, symptoms of hiv infection, subtype c
symptoms of hiv infection, subtype c, hiv virus: Satheesh: The episode you describe is NOT risky behaviour. In fact, it is considered totally safe to engage in mutual masturbation. The symptoms of HIV seroconversion illness do not come in staggered times; they occur simultaneously. Thus your symptoms...

Immunology (including AIDS): infected or not, hiv virus, hiv infection
hiv virus, hiv infection, pimples: Gaurav: You did not get HIV infection from this incident. HIV does not get transmitted in this matter. It begins to deactivate on contact with the air. Your mouth is highly protective when it comes to resisting such infections; saliva actually has proteins...

Immunology (including AIDS): joch itch question, vaginal secretions, jock itch
vaginal secretions, jock itch, using a condom: Mark: The only way a person could contract HIV in this situation would be if the woman s vaginal secretions got into the jock itch where it was bleeding badly enough to provide a direct route to the bloodstream. This is highly unlikely. First, because...

Immunology (including AIDS): kinda stressin out., hiv antibodies, elisa test
hiv antibodies, elisa test, hiv exposure: Jon: You testing history repeatedly indicates you are NOT HIV positive. In very rare cases, a person may be delayed in showing positive in antibody tests but they are people whose immune system is already compromised. A PCR--which looks for pieces of...

Immunology (including AIDS): kising question, brushing my teeth, blood stream
brushing my teeth, blood stream, gums: Aakash: Kissing does NOT transmit the virus. Although theoretically possible if blood was exchanged and entered your body, it does not happen this way. HIV typically needs a much more direct route into the blood stream to cause an infection. As well,...

Immunology (including AIDS): knife and semin , virus endurance, hiv transmission, soap and water
hiv transmission, soap and water, knife 1: Hi Thanks for the questions. I ll answer each one seperately. 1: If blood is allowed to dry, then the virus becomes inactive, so is not a risk. 2: No - soap and water will either kill the virus, or dilute the infected fluid so much that there is no...

Immunology (including AIDS): LPN's and specialties., hiv virus, association of nurses in aids care
hiv virus, association of nurses in aids care, hiv aids: Hi Thanks for the question - but I m afraid because I m based in the UK, I don t know much about the preparation and specialisation of nurses in (I assume) the US. You could take a look at the website of the American Association of Nurses in AIDS Care...

Immunology (including AIDS): Lyme vs. HIV? Weird question, diseases conditions, lyme disease
diseases conditions, lyme disease, weird question: Bob: The standard test for HIV is an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay or ELISA. This test is used to test for other diseases/conditions, but of course the assay is specific to the disease/condition it is designed for. Thus, an ELISA for HIV would *NOT*...

Immunology (including AIDS): Lymphopenia, oral yeast infections, atypical lymphocytes
oral yeast infections, atypical lymphocytes, prophylactic antibiotics: This is difficult! You may be right that this could have been since birth. Your direction will really depend on expert advice, and may include prophylactic antibiotics and vaccinations (it sounds like you re already in the loop as regards that kind of thing)....

Immunology (including AIDS): late seroconversion, hiv infection, sex with a guy
hiv infection, sex with a guy, window period: Hi Thanks for the question - well, it s very (very) unlikely that a test at 7 months misses HIV infection. I don t think you have HIV for two reasons: the negative test; and the fact your symptoms are still continuing (symptoms that appear early in HIV...

Immunology (including AIDS): lip cut ,fingering and put back in mouth, max hi, mike thanks
max hi, mike thanks, hi mike: Hi Mike Thanks for the question. Well, I m pretty sure you aren t at risk of HIV here, so don t worry! For the virus to be transmitted, infected fluid has to be able to gain deep access to another person s body, and in the situation you describe this has...

Immunology (including AIDS): How long do ARS symptoms last?, loose stools, swollen glands
loose stools, swollen glands, duo test: Hi Thomas Thanks for the message. Well, it sounds like you may have something, but it won t be HIV. As you suggest, the symptoms that immediately follow HIV infection won t last for 4 months. Your Doctor is correct. Hope this helps - and I do hope you...

Immunology (including AIDS): How long can the aids or HIV and hepatitis virus live in dry blood, hepatitis virus, hepatitis c
hepatitis virus, hepatitis c, dry blood: Sherry: I am terribly sorry about your mother. There is absolutely no possible way either HIV or Hepatitis C could remain active for that length of time. Almost 100 percent of the virus deactivates on drying of whatever fluid they are in. The remaining...

Immunology (including AIDS): How long can HIV live in blood/sore secretions outside the body?, protective skin, vaginal fluid
protective skin, vaginal fluid, skin layer: Hi Thanks for the interesting question. Well, if infected fluid is allowed to dry, the HIV soon dies. If infected fluid is kept moist, HIV can survivie a few hours/days, if stored in an ideal environment (i.e. in a lab, and kept warm). As to whether...

Immunology (including AIDS): How long since oral, conclusive tests, risk of hiv
conclusive tests, risk of hiv, oral sex: Hi Oral sex only carries a low risk of HIV. See more details here: http://www.avert.org/orlsx.htm As to when to have a test if you think you were at risk - well, this is possible within a couple of weeks, BUT conclusive tests are always carried out at...

Immunology (including AIDS): lump on face, signs of hiv infection, early signs of hiv infection
signs of hiv infection, early signs of hiv infection, early signs of hiv: Hi Thanks for the question. Well, this doesn t sound like HIV. Early signs of HIV infection are enlarged lymph nodes (usually under the arms). These appear just after being infected, and disappear after a few weeks. Your symptoms don t sound typical...

Immunology (including AIDS): JUST MAILED GENERALLY..!, specialist literature, aids experts
specialist literature, aids experts, health aids: You may get some advice from Usenet groups like sci.med but these are very high traffic and you may get a lot of noise rather than useful stuff. misc.health.aids is another place. Both of these are best accessed through a newsreader or Google : http://groups.google.com...

Immunology (including AIDS): maid tested HIV positive, full blown aids, uk health service
full blown aids, uk health service, domestic contexts: Hi Thanks for the question, and I can understand your concern. Well, HIV is difficult to spread/catch in social and domestic contexts, so I would consider in the situation you describe you have little to fear from HIV; unless you actually saw (for example)...

Immunology (including AIDS): are mosquitos a danger ?, hiv viruses, stomach contents
hiv viruses, stomach contents, mosquitos: Adrian: It is not possible for this to happen. There are enzymes in the stomach of the mosquito which would deactivate HIV. As well, mosquitos do not regurgitate stomach contents. Any amounts on the stinger, if in fact the mosquito in question bit a...

Immunology (including AIDS): Need info about HIV testing, hiv virus, cdc website
hiv virus, cdc website, antibody tests: Hi Thanks for the follow up. Well, I think your symptoms are too non-specific for ARS; and I agree with Dr HHH that your risk of HIV is low risk - but I also agree that if you re concerned then having a test is the best way to put your mind at rest. ...

Immunology (including AIDS): Neuropathy, chances of catching hiv, hiv symptoms
chances of catching hiv, hiv symptoms, night sweats: Hi Thanks for the question. Well, your symptoms could be due to lots of things, and the chances of catching HIV during one risky event are quite low. So, I suspect you probably don t have HIV. It does sound like you MAY have something else going...

Immunology (including AIDS): Nightmare kissing, mouth ulcer, many different things
mouth ulcer, many different things, hiv transmission: Steve: There have only been one or two documented cases of HIV transmission through kissing, and both of those involved individuals with *severely* compromised mucous membranes in the mouth. Your ulcer is not a severely compromising factor. Remember...

Immunology (including AIDS): Non-intact skin - an hiv portal?, adult video store, video buttons
adult video store, video buttons, intact skin: Hi Thanks for the question, and no problem with sending multiple questions! Well, I don t consider the situation you describe to be risky . If there was fresh infected fluid on the video buttons, and you had a deep cut on your finger (or anywhere...

Immunology (including AIDS): I need a lawyer for this problem, lawyer referral service, hiv virus
lawyer referral service, hiv virus, insubordination: Jesse: I don t know where you are writing from, but I assume that wherever you are, there are laws in place to protect people with HIV (as it is recognized as a disability). I don t know if they were legally able to fire you (because what you did could...

Immunology (including AIDS): non-healthcare needle stick, organic chemistry research, occasional diarrhea
organic chemistry research, occasional diarrhea, research mentor: Hi Thanks for your question, and I can understand your concern. Well there is a risk of catching HIV from needlestick, though only if the blood is fresh. In this case, if the needle had been in the draw for a while (a few hours) then the blood would have...

Immunology (including AIDS): Occupational Tranmission, catching hiv, hiv patient
catching hiv, hiv patient, theoretical risk: Hi Sherry Thanks for the question. Well, CSF carries a THEORETICAL risk of transmission; in that HIV has been isolated in CSF. But, I haven t seen any stats that confirm this has been established as a route of transmission. I think that in the situation...

Immunology (including AIDS): ORAL SEX, oral transmission of hiv, intact mucosa
oral transmission of hiv, intact mucosa, open wounds: Hey Paul, Hope you had a good Thanksgiving! As regards the questions: Ans1. Yes, in the cases that have been reported, that I can remember reading at least, most of the time there were simultaneous ulcers or sores, or recent dental work, that kind...

Immunology (including AIDS): ORAL SEX RISK, symptoms of hiv infection, hiv particles
symptoms of hiv infection, hiv particles, water particles: Hi Paul, Ans 1 HIV is much much larger than a water molecule, so it should be stopped by an intact condom. Ans 2 It sounds like it s too fast to be a result of HIV infection - the lymph node swelling takes longer than a few weeks to appear usually....

Immunology (including AIDS): ORAL SEX, bleeding wounds, sex transmission
bleeding wounds, sex transmission, micro cuts: Hi Paul, Glad i could be of assistance. Firstly, remember (and this is important)... How could anyone possible know if the person had a healthy mouth when they only find out about their infection three months or so later?? The vast majority of people who...

Immunology (including AIDS): Oral Sex., yeast infection, hiv infection
yeast infection, hiv infection, arms and legs: Hi Thanks for the question. Well, receiving oral sex carries a very very low risk of HIV, so I don t think you should be concerned. Also, the symptoms you describe aren t typical of early HIV infection. BUT - there may be something else that needs treating,...

Immunology (including AIDS): Oral Sex and AIDS Contraction, vaginal secretions, micro biology
vaginal secretions, micro biology, sexual fluids: Mark: HIV can be contained in sexual fluids in the absence of blood. It is known, however, that blood is MUCH more infectious than any sexual fluid, but that does not mean you cannot contract the virus from sexual fluids--HIV is found in both semen and...

Immunology (including AIDS): Oral Sex exposure, swollen lymph nodes, low grade fever
swollen lymph nodes, low grade fever, health care staff: Hi Recieving oral sex carries an extremelty low risk of HIV transmission (giving oral sex is higher). I would say you have not caught HIV - BUT to answer your question about tests. Well there are tests that can detect HIV after a few weeks (and some around...

Immunology (including AIDS): Oral Sex and HIV, hiv infection, biological factors
hiv infection, biological factors, mucous membranes: Steve: Receiving oral sex is VERY low risk in terms of HIV infection. Essentially, your partner would have to have blood in her mouth, the skin on the penis or the mucous membranes in the urethra would need to be compromised in some way. The biological...

Immunology (including AIDS): Oral Sex performed on a Woman, vaginal secretions, routine hiv
vaginal secretions, routine hiv, hiv infection: KRB: Oral sex is low risk for HIV infection, particularly when performed on a female. This is because vaginal secretions have very low levels of HIV. As well, your mouth does a very good job of protecting you. While the risk is not zero, it is very...

Immunology (including AIDS): Oral sex and HIV, swollen lymph nodes, east asian country
swollen lymph nodes, east asian country, infectious mononucleosis: Hi there, The chances are actually pretty slim that you exposed yourself to getting HIV. Even low quality condoms are far better than none, and you were careful enough to use two! Since your oral hygiene is also good the already low risk of oral transmission...

Immunology (including AIDS): Oral Transmission, bleeding tooth, oral transmission
bleeding tooth, oral transmission, open mouth: Nevyn: In this situation, you have to be concerned about the person who is HIV-positive having blood in the mouth, not the other way around. So if the positive person is bleeding, and you have an open sore or wound in your mouth, there would be very...

Immunology (including AIDS): Others devulging you HIV status without your permission or knowledge, aids and the law, hiv status
aids and the law, hiv status, states in canada: Rick: It isn t possible to answer your question because I don t know where you are living. The laws are different, for example, in each state in the United States. In Canada, the law governing HIV status information is a federal statute. In a general...

Immunology (including AIDS): oil-based lubrication and condoms: scared to death, latex condom, oil lubricant
latex condom, oil lubricant, contracting hiv: Matt: It is true that you should not used oil based lubricants with condoms because the oil can degrade the latex, causing it to be more likely to break. However, in your case, this did NOT happen. The condom remained in tact and therefore was providing...

Immunology (including AIDS): ok, proper decision, mild irritation
proper decision, mild irritation, moist areas: It s difficult to know what you mean by pimple looking things . It might be something as basic as mild irritation or something as serious an a herpes ulcer (although I expect you would have mentioned if they hurt!). It s impossible to say without getting...

Immunology (including AIDS): open cut on finger, vaginal secretions, cuts and scrapes
vaginal secretions, cuts and scrapes, long nail: Jasonm: Cuts and scrapes are typically only superficial and so do not present a great danger for infection. As well, vaginal secretions do not contain much HIV (and much less than either blood or semen). I would therefore assess your risk as very low....

Immunology (including AIDS): oral hiv / std risk, unprotected oral sex, std risk
unprotected oral sex, std risk, hiv transmission: Hi Thanks for the message, and I can understand your concern. Well, oral sex only carries low risk of HIV, and is more risky for the person giving the oral sex rather than receiving (which I presume is what happened in your case). If the girl was...

Immunology (including AIDS): oral risks with strangers, catching hiv, unprotected oral sex
catching hiv, unprotected oral sex, giving oral sex: Hi Thanks for the question. Well, the chance of you catching HIV in the situation you describe is very remote. The person GIVING oral sex is at a much higher risk than the person RECEIVING. You should not be concerned. Hope this helps - and I recommend...

Immunology (including AIDS): oral sex, bleeding gums, hiv from receiving oral sex
bleeding gums, hiv from receiving oral sex, hot coffee: Mike: It is so nearly impossible to contract HIV from receiving oral sex that the risk can be stated as ZERO. HIV simply is NOT transmitted this way. It is far too indirect a means of transmission for so fragile a virus. You therefore have nothing...

Immunology (including AIDS): oral sex with condom, sharing needles, open wounds
sharing needles, open wounds, penetrative sex: Hi Well, you probably are over-analyzing this, though I can understand...HIV IS frightening, but is actually hard to catch apart from specific routes (which in the vast majority of cases are unprotected penetrative sex, and sharing needles/syringes if using...

Immunology (including AIDS): oral sex insertive, mutual masturbation, hiv from receiving oral sex
mutual masturbation, hiv from receiving oral sex, penis head: Chris: It is theoretically possible to contract HIV from receiving oral sex (I assume you are a male) and from being rimmed. This is because the person performing these on you could have blood in his/her mouth and because you have mucuous membranes on...

Immunology (including AIDS): oral sex risk, swollen glands, contracting hiv
swollen glands, contracting hiv, hiv infection: Hi Thanks for the question. Well, oral sex does carry a slight risk of HIV infection; though this is low. If you are concerned about possible HIV contact, then haave a test around 3 months/12 weeks following the incident. Hope this helps - take a look...

Immunology (including AIDS): oral sex, zero risk, saliva
zero risk, saliva, having sex: Adem: Receiving oral sex is almost zero risk of infection. Saliva has anti-HIV properties in it which would be working against the virus if, for example, there was blood in the performer s mouth. All in all, as close to zero risk as you can get and...

Immunology (including AIDS): oraquick advance, oraquick test, upper gum
oraquick test, upper gum, hiv infection: Hi Thanks for the question. Well, I m pretty sure you won t have been infected in the clinic - a fresh swab will have been used each time.... The sore in your mouth is just that - a sore, which if it persists you should see a medic about (but it won...

Immunology (including AIDS): oraquick test, hiv antibodies, hiv1
hiv antibodies, hiv1, oral fluid: Ed: What you are reading about is not really a situation where someone tested positive and then tests negative recently after being infected. What can sometimes happen is this: Someone who has been HIV positive for years and becomes so ill that they...

Immunology (including AIDS): Partner's ex current boyfriend POS, dna fingerprint, dna test
dna fingerprint, dna test, current boyfriend: Hi Ryan Well, it does sound like all the test results need to come back so you can be sure of what s going on, and hopefully all will be OK. And the DNA test - as far as I know - isn t a standard investigation, so the accusation I presume is one based on...

Immunology (including AIDS): PCR testing, antibody test, viral particles
antibody test, viral particles, detectable levels: Tom: I don t know why you have found any information saying that a PCR would take 28 days to find detectable levels of virus. That sounds more like an antibody test to me. The PCR looks for elements of the virus itself. Therefore, as soon as the virus...

Immunology (including AIDS): PLEASE ANWSWER ASAP PLEASE., exmail, zero risk
exmail, zero risk, oral transmission: Hi Duyy, It s extremely unlikely that someone could catch HIV from what happened, but however the event does involve fresh blood so I have to admit it is a possibility. I suggest you and her be more careful in future. Saliva does seem to prevent infection...

Immunology (including AIDS): PLEASE HELP ME IAN!!!!, health care field, sexual encounter
health care field, sexual encounter, hiv2: Hi Thanks for the question - and I m not a medic, though I have worked in the health care field for a few years. Well, being negative at 68 days/9.7 weeks means there is a good chance you haven t been infected with HIV. BUT - you will need another test...

Immunology (including AIDS): PLEASE REPLY BACK...WRITING 5 TH TIME..!, performing oral sex, gum problems
performing oral sex, gum problems, oral hygiene: Kevin, I can t really give you any more info than what you ve already dug up. It s possible, and there are some documented cases, but it s hard to rule out every possibility from oral transmissions. The theory may be different than real life because...

Immunology (including AIDS): PLZ DONT IGNORE ME..!, uninfected person, hiv transmission
uninfected person, hiv transmission, transmission of hiv: Yes, you have emailed me before, but I think you re being a little over-anxious. You re asking a similar question to No-one has ever been killed by a meteorite, but it s theoretically possible because meteorites hit the Earth every day - am I at risk if...

Immunology (including AIDS): PLZ DONT IGNORE ME..!, actors and actresses, transmission of aids
actors and actresses, transmission of aids, hiv test: Very simple: The risk of acquiring HIV through kissing is so low that no-one has yet managed it. It s impossible to prove a negative of course, but I m pretty convinced. Oral transmission can be done, but it s associated with receptive oral sex and...

Immunology (including AIDS): PLZ HELP ME, swollen lymph node, swollen lymph nodes
swollen lymph node, swollen lymph nodes, pictures of swollen lymph nodes: Paul, your best bet is to see a doctor about the lymph nodes. Diagnosing it yourself isn t the way to do it! It is possible that lymph nodes may appear only in one area, but usually with HIV they are found in several areas and don t go away. There are...

Immunology (including AIDS): PLZ REPLY BACK, symptoms of hiv infection, hiv particles
symptoms of hiv infection, hiv particles, plz mail: Hi Paul, I believe this will help ease your excessive fear. 1. HIV cannot pass through intact latex! 2. Performing oral sex on a female is very low risk 3. If you actually had acute HIV, it would be GENERALIZED swollen nodes, meaning in more places...

Immunology (including AIDS): PLZ REPLY BACK....!, condom protection, vaginal intercourse
condom protection, vaginal intercourse, anal intercourse: Hi Paul, Firstly, it s extraordinarily unlikely that your girlfriend has HIV, since she is a virgin. So I don t think you are at any real risk at all. Ans1 HIV won t do very well in bath water. I doubt that the virus will be able to survive long enough...

Immunology (including AIDS): PLZ REPLY ONE LAST TIME.....!, mouth problem, exposure risk
mouth problem, exposure risk, gum disease: In the cases I ve read about, I think all of them had some form of mouth problem. Ulcers, recent dental surgery, gum disease, that kind of thing. You would have to hunt through the literature to be sure, but that has been my impression from what I ve read....

Immunology (including AIDS): PLZ REPLY BACK, bleeding gums, hiv aids
bleeding gums, hiv aids, negative man: Hello ABC What a lengthy e-mail! i see you have done your research! But it seems you want more information. Personally i do not see any need to go in depth about this subjects and answer point by point but i will suggest this to you: 1. Safer sex!...

Immunology (including AIDS): PLZZZZZZZZZ REPLY BACK..!, hiv test, window period
hiv test, window period, negative test: A negative test three months after exposure is pretty definitely a true negative result. Six months would make it even more certain, but my persoal opinion is that three is fine. Lymph node swellings are caused by many things, not just HIV. It s possible...

Immunology (including AIDS): Please clarify, antibody test, viet nam
antibody test, viet nam, true positives: Huy: A test at 2 months, such as yours, is going to pick up over 95% of cases. That s why it would be a big relief. Waiting another five weeks essentially means that as close to 100% of true positives would show up as is possible. I think the lab is...

Immunology (including AIDS): Please Help, medince, hiv clinic
medince, hiv clinic, awnser: Hello Patty i checked out with my local hiv clinic, spoke to the SHO (senior house officer). we both feel that you should contact an immunologist and ask for his opinion. failing that you could contact the manufacters of this drug and ask them for some...

Immunology (including AIDS): Please respond - scared and worried., low grade fevers, low grade fever
low grade fevers, low grade fever, cough symptoms: 2 months post-exposure is at the late-end for EBV, but possible. Mono can last for quite a while - STD s are usually acute syptoms, and HIV doesn t really cause an acute illness for more than a couple of weeks. It doesn t sound like one at all. The mold...

Immunology (including AIDS): Plz help me, tingling sensation in hands and feet, tingling sensation in hands
tingling sensation in hands and feet, tingling sensation in hands, symptom of hiv: Whocares: Without knowing what transpired during your last sexual encounter, it is not possible to gauge risk. I can tell you that a test at 8 weeks post-exposure would pick up over 90 percent of infections, so your negative result is very good news....

Immunology (including AIDS): Possible exposure?, hiv test, sexual encounter
hiv test, sexual encounter, peace of mind: Tinkerbell: First, there is NO risk whatsoever from receiving oral sex from someone, either vaginally or on the breasts. Therefore the only possible source of concern would be intercourse. However, you did use condoms--which are incredibly effective against...

Immunology (including AIDS): Possible HIV transmission?, catching hiv, medicinal marijuana
catching hiv, medicinal marijuana, hiv transmission: Hi Well, in the situation you describe, I think your risk of catching HIV is virtually impossible. I certainly don t think you need to be concerned. You are right; HIV spreads via blood (mainly), but of course semen, vaginal fluid and breast milk also pose...

Immunology (including AIDS): Possible?, hiv transmission, theoretical risk
hiv transmission, theoretical risk, risk of hiv: Hi Emmie Thanks for your interesting question. Well, in THEORY I suppose there may be a small risk in the scooping ice scenario, though this would depend on so many things I would say it was very low. For HIV to be transmitted fresh HIV infected blood must...

Immunology (including AIDS): Possiblity of HIV, condom use, hiv transmission
condom use, hiv transmission, hiv test: Hi Thanks for the question. This sounds quite a complex situation. Risk of HIV trasnmission in oral sex is low, especially if there is no ejaculate, so it sounds like you don t need to worry about THAT in the situation you describe. The risk of HIV transmission...

Immunology (including AIDS): Possibly infected..., isolated ones, brazilian boy
isolated ones, brazilian boy, hiv test: Daniel: Unfortunately, since I am NOT a medical doctor, I cannot tell you if your symptoms are indicative of HIV infection. No one can really do that over the Internet--you d need to see a doctor for a physical examination. Unfortunately as well, you...

Immunology (including AIDS): Protected sex and HIV, hiv infection, intercource
hiv infection, intercource, sex worker: Hi Thanks for the question. If the condom was still in place, and intact, after intercourse, then there is no risk of HIV being transmitted. Whatever symptoms you have, they are not associated with HIV. Hope this helps - for more information, go here:...

Immunology (including AIDS): Protected sex with a hooker, catching hiv, hiv infection
catching hiv, hiv infection, question thanks: Hi Thanks for the question - well 3 months is much too soon for shingles to be associated with HIV infection. You are right - this is more likely to be stress/worry/being run down. Shingles IS experienced by people with HIV but MUCH later (years, not months)....

Immunology (including AIDS): Am I being paranoid?, catching hiv, fragile virus
catching hiv, fragile virus, hiv aids: Hiya M, HIV is actually a fairly fragile virus, and generally difficult to catch. It can t be caught through casual contact and general living conditions, so unless someone is having sex with her or sharing IV needles there is very little chance of anyone...

Immunology (including AIDS): Am I being paranoid?, catching hiv, bleeding gums
catching hiv, bleeding gums, injecting drugs: Hi Thanks for the question: I can understand your concern - HIV is very frightening, though it is very hard to catch socially. I think in the situation you describe the risk of HIV transmission is very low. HIV is spread by infected body products (the...

Immunology (including AIDS): Am I being paranoid?, household exposure, hiv aids
household exposure, hiv aids, hiv test: M: There is NO, repeat, NO risk from regular household exposure to HIV. NONE WHATSOEVER. HIV is much to fragile a virus to remain activated under the conditions you describe. Please stop worrying about it. I hope this information is helpful. ...

Immunology (including AIDS): pcr test, antigen test, hiv virus
antigen test, hiv virus, correct result: Aakash: There is ABSOLUTELY NO change in the accuracy of the PCR test over time. The *antigen* test will revert from positive to negative once antibodies have developed, however. Perhaps that is the one you are referring to. I hope this information...

Immunology (including AIDS): pcr test, virus replicates, viral particle
virus replicates, viral particle, sex worker: Aakash: The PCR test looks for elements of the viral particle, and as such, will turn positive as soon as the body begins to make a detectable level of particles. Since the virus replicates at several million copies per day, the test would be positive...

Immunology (including AIDS): pediatric hiv, low grade fever, pediatric hiv
low grade fever, pediatric hiv, viral particles: Michelle: The median time length for a child infected with HIV from birth to begin to develop symptoms is about 3 years, but this is HIGHLY VARIABLE and there really isn t a golden rule about it. As well, with the advent of new medications, these time...

Immunology (including AIDS): please, hiv resources, little fever
hiv resources, little fever, hiv test: Hi Thanks for your question. Well, I m afraid I don t know the actual statistic...but it is very low. Its one of those situations where there is a THEORETICAL risk, but in practice it IS very small. I don t think the sore throat is connected, especially...

Immunology (including AIDS): please answer soon please, contracting hiv, std risk
contracting hiv, std risk, vagina: Jon: You were NOT at risk in this situation. Masturbating another person, regardless of the presence of fluid, does not put you in danger of contracting HIV. There is therefore no need for testing as a result of this incident. I hope this is helpful....

Immunology (including AIDS): please answer, hepatitis b and c, finger webs
hepatitis b and c, finger webs, virus hi: Hi Kitty, Dried blood is usually much safer than wet blood. Many viruses can t cope with drying out, or the chemical reactions that occur as blood clots. They get trapped in the scab that forms and can t easily get out. If you have damaged skin that...

Immunology (including AIDS): please help me, fever blister, salivary glands
fever blister, salivary glands, little dots: Alex: I am NOT a medical doctor, but it certainly does NOT sound like candida to me. Candidiasis normally looks sort of like cottage cheese on the tongue. Not how you describe your symptoms at all. Please go back to your doctor to put your mind at...

Immunology (including AIDS): please help, hard palate, salivary glands
hard palate, salivary glands, little dots: Hi Thanks for the question. Hmmm - well, this could again be a number of things. Have seen a medic yet? I think that s the best course of action. It does sound like you may have an infection of some kind. Hope you are able to get it sorted. Best wishes...

Immunology (including AIDS): please repond, please, x girlfriend, twenty four hours
x girlfriend, twenty four hours, unprotected sex: Scared: I don t know what you are worried about here. You said you ve been tested and were negative. I don t recommend unprotected sex outside committed relationships, but it seems like you did not put your partner in any kind of danger. I wouldn t worry...

Immunology (including AIDS): please, chaped lips, hemoglobin levels
chaped lips, hemoglobin levels, vaginal secretions: Bob: The risk from oral sex is very low, especially for male on female contact, because vaginal secretions have little HIV and chapped lips are not efficient at transmission. I am unfamiliar with the tests you describe (TRIDOT) but can say that hemoglobin...

Immunology (including AIDS): possible?, hiv transmission, intact skin
hiv transmission, intact skin, simple answer: Emmie: The simple answer here is: No. Any HIV in the blood would be diluted by the drink and would not remain active in that fluid. Similarly HIV begins to deactivate on contact with the air, so any blood on objects would be rendered harmless very quickly....

Immunology (including AIDS): possible, healthcare setting, hi thanks
healthcare setting, hi thanks, rare cases: Hi Thanks for the question. Well, I can understand your concern - its always wise to be careful about blood! As you will know, for HIV to be transmitted through blood, a fairly large amount of fresh, infected, preferably undiluted blood would need to...

Immunology (including AIDS): is it possible?, risk situation, hiv transmission
risk situation, hiv transmission, last contact: Hi Thanks for the question. Well, in the situation you describe, the risk of HIV transmission (assuming your ex-boyfriend is HIV positive in the first place) is quite low. As to the test, well though many people DO seroconvert in the first few weeks...

Immunology (including AIDS): possible aids infection, risk situation, aids infection
risk situation, aids infection, vaginal sex: Hector: Skin heals very quickly, and cuts will heal enough within 4 hours or so to prevent HIV from passing through. Thus, your cut would not put you at risk. The condom prevents HIV from entering your urethra. If any HIV were present on the condom...

Immunology (including AIDS): possible exposure, seroconversion illness, hiv infection
seroconversion illness, hiv infection, pubic area: Mark: Early HIV infection can be accompanied by what is called a Seroconversion Illness which does resemble the flu. However, people usually do experience rash, diarrhea and vomiting; these are usually typical. Therefore, it is unlikely your illness...

Immunology (including AIDS): possible HIV infection (a little long but very worried here!), hiv status, oral pleasure
hiv status, oral pleasure, hiv infection: Hi there, So sorry for the delay in replying - things have been hectic for me recently with a new house and the like. Here goes... The chances of her being infected are basically nil. It was a very low risk exposure even assuming she was with someone...

Immunology (including AIDS): is it possible?, syntoms of aids, enlarged lymph nodes
syntoms of aids, enlarged lymph nodes, seroconversion illness: It is possible to have symptoms to AIDS within a week or two of exposure, but I wouldn t call your symptoms typical of a seroconversion illness. More typical is a rash, generally feeling ill, and enlarged lymph nodes. Most likely you simply caught a simple...

Immunology (including AIDS): Is there possiblity i contracted HIV, hiv status, hiv transmission
hiv status, hiv transmission, dangerous sex: Bob: Oral sex is very low risk for HIV transmission, and cuts in the mouth usually heal well enough in a couple of hours to disallow HIV to pass. Anal sex that s unprotected is the most dangerous sex in terms of HIV, but he did not ejaculate, so that is...

Immunology (including AIDS): pressure, catching hiv, erotic massage
catching hiv, erotic massage, baby oil: Hi Thanks for the question - well, in the situation you describe there is no risk at all of catching HIV. It is not possible for enough infected fluid (blood) getting far enough into your body to pose a risk. You don t need a test. Hope this helps...

Immunology (including AIDS): probably silly, but still worried, theoretical risk, hiv infection
theoretical risk, hiv infection, case thanks: Hi CJ, You now get the chance to do some educating for your friends ;-) You can t get HIV from someone who isn t infected, so if your girlfriend is clear, so are you. There is a theoretical risk of getting HIV through cuts in the mouth. However,...

Immunology (including AIDS): protection, performing oral sex, strange girls
performing oral sex, strange girls, sexual relationships: Fairbank: Oral sex risk is lower than both vaginal and anal sex. It is very low risk when performing oral sex on a female as vaginal fluids contain less HIV than semen. As long as the partner is not menstruating, the risk is thought to be low. Not zero,...

Immunology (including AIDS): Questions about the symptoms, hiv infection, lymphs
hiv infection, lymphs, monthes: Hi Sorry - there was a typo in my last answer - I meant to say as you have tested NEGATIVE (!). Apologies, and here is the corrected answer... Ian ******* Hi Thanks for the questions. Well, as you tested NEGATIVE at 3 months, you definitely have...

Immunology (including AIDS): question, hiv test, accurate test
hiv test, accurate test, lymph nodes: Hi Thanks for the question. Well, if you only kissed the girl, then its highly unlikely you caught HIV from her (assuming she is HIV positive anyway). And, the HIV test is a pretty accurate test, so as long as you haven t been in contact with HIV in the...

Immunology (including AIDS): question?, high cholesteral, contract hiv
high cholesteral, contract hiv, lab tests: Wesly: There is no need to be retested if your last potential exposure was 6 months ago. Your test at 4 months would have picked up an infection and certainly the one a couple of weeks ago would have. You did not contract HIV from the incident in question....

Immunology (including AIDS): question, infected lymph nodes, cancer chemotherapy
infected lymph nodes, cancer chemotherapy, long periods of time: Weston: My apologies for the delay in response. I have been away on vacation for a few days. You are absolutely right with respect to the reasons in very rare cases some people take longer than six months to show up on HIV tests as positive: Their...

Immunology (including AIDS): A question about Western blot, viral load test, monthes
viral load test, monthes, siad: Abdul: The only way they would do a WB is if the ELISA is inconclusive or positive. There is NO need to retest if the WB is negative. I cannot explain your symptoms as I am NOT a medical doctor. But I do know that lymph nodes can swell for no reason...

Immunology (including AIDS): question, symptoms of hiv infection, symptoms of hiv
symptoms of hiv infection, symptoms of hiv, negative test: Wes: The tests are nearly 100 percent reliable, assuming it has been 3 months since the possible exposure to the virus. As far as medical tests go, they are as reliable as possible. Cysts are NOT typical symptoms of HIV infection. Lymph nodes may be...

Immunology (including AIDS): Retroviral patents, hiv medications, protease inhibitors
hiv medications, protease inhibitors, world trade organization: Hi Laura, This is becoming a hot topic in HIV medications, since the countries most affected by the virus are those least able to afford the drugs. In that respect, the patents are causing problems. The rationale behind them is fairly simple - it prevents...

Immunology (including AIDS): Risk with HIV positive partner, risk situation, hiv test
risk situation, hiv test, life decision: Michael: Theoretically, any contact inside the anus by the tip of his penis could have put you at risk as there may have been pre-cum on the penis. However, you have to remember that you are talking about the possibility of entry ONLY, and even if so,...

Immunology (including AIDS): Risk when performing oral sex on a female??, hiv resources, performing oral sex
hiv resources, performing oral sex, hiv transmission: Hi Thanks for the message. Well, you are right, there is a slight risk of HIV transmission during oral sex, for both the doer and receiver of both genders. I m not sure of the actual stats, but of course it does depend on whether or not there are broken...

Immunology (including AIDS): Risk of protected fisting, then masterbation, hiv status, transmission of hiv
hiv status, transmission of hiv, hi thanks: Hi Thanks for the question. Well, HIV doesn t spread via the urethra, so you don t need to be concerned here (your symptoms are likely to be a cold or something). HIV spreads via infected fluids getting into another person s body through a cut or sores...

Immunology (including AIDS): Risk, unprotected sex, eczema
unprotected sex, eczema, guilt: Hi Dave, Well, you know what they say- unprotected sex is definately a risk! But to be quite honest, your symptoms don t impress me that much. Is there something going on in your life that has made you think about your tryst five years ago?? Often guilt...

Immunology (including AIDS): How rare would french kissing be to transmitt HIV, catching hiv, mouth ulcer
catching hiv, mouth ulcer, hiv risk: Kyle: Kissing is considered safe regarding HIV risk. There have been a couple of references in the literature to transmission by kissing, but these instances all involved people whose mouth tissue was compromised in a major way (recent serious dental work,...

Immunology (including AIDS): receiving oral sex = hell, chronic headaches, visible blood
chronic headaches, visible blood, scare tactics: Hi Well, I m not a medic, but I ve worked in health care for a number of years... I think in this case you should let it go. Also (I didn t say in my last message) HIV is not spread by saliva. Hope this helps - I suppose if you find the whole idea of...

Immunology (including AIDS): can I be relaxed now?, test elisa, skin rash
test elisa, skin rash, strange symptoms: Abb: After all this testing, you can rest assured that you are NOT, I repeat, NOT infected with HIV. It is impossible to test negative on all these tests after all this time and still be infected. Please put this behind you and move on with your life....

Immunology (including AIDS): risk?, visible blood, blood on my hands
visible blood, blood on my hands, giving birth: Em: You were at no risk during this episode. HIV begins to deactivate on contact with the air, so if there was virus present, it would begin to become harmless immediately. Secondly, there was no visible blood. Third, you washed your hands--soap destroys...

Immunology (including AIDS): Am I now at risk?, old scratch, lime juice
old scratch, lime juice, hang nail: Tom: Mutual masturbation is considered completely safe. Cuts such as you describe heal within hours enough so that HIV cannot pass through. Your hangnail did not sting after the lime juice, so it was healed enough not to allow HIV to pass, either. Any...

Immunology (including AIDS): risk, vaginal secretions, hiv risk
vaginal secretions, hiv risk, transmission of hiv: James: My apologies. The name on the email message was Linda McB. Nevertheless, the principle remains the same. Vaginal secretions contain very little HIV, and it is thought that the skin on the penis would need to be compromised to allow HIV to...

Immunology (including AIDS): risk?, catching hiv, sign of hiv
catching hiv, sign of hiv, contracting hiv: Hi Thanks for the question. Well, in the situation you describe I very much doubt you have HIV infection. The rash is not typical of HIV infection at 10 weeks, and catching HIV by receiving oral sex is very difficult. You are wise seeing a medic of course,...

Immunology (including AIDS): risk of contamination without ejaculation, female genitals, hiv transmission
female genitals, hiv transmission, pre ejaculation: There is always a small amount of semen that leaks out even pre-ejaculation, but of course the risk of transmission is much lower. I can t put an exact figure on it, but I would say it was far less than normal, but not zero. Oral sex is less risky than...

Immunology (including AIDS): risk of hiv exposure, hiv exposure, hepatitis c
hiv exposure, hepatitis c, blood splatter: Hi Thanks for the question. Well, I can understand your concern - its always wise to be careful about blood. Well, if there were no broken areas of skin in your ears then its unlikely you ve been infected with HIV. By far the commonest way nurses are infected...

Immunology (including AIDS): Am I at risk?, using a condom, hiv positive
using a condom, hiv positive, gay friend: John: You are at no risk from this situation whatsoever. HIV deactivates on contact with the air, so even if the vibrator was unclean, any HIV on it would not be infectious, assuming that your friend was HIV-positive AND had just used it. You note that...

Immunology (including AIDS): Scatch, infectiousness, scatch
infectiousness, scatch, finger nail: Brenda: The short answer to this question is: NO. HIV cannot remain activated outside the body. Its infectiousness reaches zero very quickly. The would therefore be no reason to be concerned from this kind of situaton. I hope this is helpful. ...

Immunology (including AIDS): Seroconversion, p24 antigen, acute hiv
p24 antigen, acute hiv, loose stools: Hi James Thanks for the question. I don t think you need to get retested - a negative test at 5 months is definitive, irregardless of any symptoms you may have. It sounds like you may have something that needs investigating, so I do recommend you see a...

Immunology (including AIDS): STD, sf ca, sfcityclinic
sf ca, sfcityclinic, unprotected sex: Hi Thanks for the question. Well, in theory it s possible, but could depend on a number of things. This is quite a useful site (though it includes all risks, so don t find it TOO frightening): http://www.dph.sf.ca.us/sfcityclinic/stdbasics/stdchart.asp...

Immunology (including AIDS): Staph and HIV very depressed, omicef, cubicin
omicef, cubicin, hiv test: Hi Thanks for your question; sounds like you are having a miserable time. Well, the symptoms you describe don t sound like anything associated with HIV [and you have tested negative]; but you are clearly having problems with something. I would advise...

Immunology (including AIDS): Swollen lymph nodes, early symptoms of hiv infection, swollen lymph nodes
early symptoms of hiv infection, swollen lymph nodes, symptoms of hiv infection: Stressed: The nodes can remain swollen for a long time, and actually may not return to normal size. Keep in mind that many things can make the nodes swell and they are swollen for no apparent reason in many people. Also remember that HIV symptoms...

Immunology (including AIDS): Symptoms of AIDS, hiv virus, symptoms of aids
hiv virus, symptoms of aids, hiv infection: Rohan: This situation would not be considered risky in terms of HIV infection. Masturbation, regardless of contact with body fluids, is rated as safe activity. Although I am not a medical doctor, it sounds to me like you have the flu. I would...

Immunology (including AIDS): am i safe ?, condom company, vaginal intercourse
condom company, vaginal intercourse, tiny holes: XYZ: You ask an incredible number of detailed questions here which I cannot possibly answer in great depth. I will however try to give you concise responses to the major items. You do NOT contract HIV from kissing. While there is HIV in saliva, it...

Immunology (including AIDS): scared to death, open wounds, hiv transmission
open wounds, hiv transmission, electric shaver: Hi Thanks for the question. Well, you are wise to be concerned about blood, but I m not sure the risk of HIV transmission in this case is high. For you to be infected, a fairly large amount of infected blood would need to gain access to your body through...

Immunology (including AIDS): scared as hell, white tongue, pregancy test
white tongue, pregancy test, hiv infection: Hi Thanks for the question. Well, the test is unlikely to be wrong if it was done at a proper testing centre. Also, to have a white tongue as a result of HIV infection does not develop until much later in the disease process. I think its unlikely you...

Immunology (including AIDS): i am scared, hiv status, tingling sensation
hiv status, tingling sensation, moderate risk: Hi Gary, Your symptoms don t sound like ARS. You most likely just caught some other virus. Your exposure was a moderate risk if your partner was HIV+, but not high. Your own stress may be adding to the symptoms, but around half of those infected with...

Immunology (including AIDS): scary so much!!!! please help!!!, candida albicans, smart check
candida albicans, smart check, pilory: Hello: Please accept my apology for the delay in answering; I did not have e-mail access for a few days. You have no reason to repeat tests for HIV. Your result was negative. There is no reason to recheck a test result after it has been sitting for...

Immunology (including AIDS): this may seem dumb but a little worried..., brushing my teeth, hiv infection
brushing my teeth, hiv infection, reaserch: HI Thanks for the question - and it isn t dumb at all, in the sense that it s wise to be wary of blood! HIV (the virus that leads to AIDS) certainly does spread via blood, though its unusual to be spread in the way you describe - so its one of those theoretical...

Immunology (including AIDS): sex with a hiv+, wonderful yesterday, using a condom
wonderful yesterday, using a condom, hiv test: Hi Thanks for the question. Well, there is a slight risk here (it is small, but I don t know the percentage). So - perhaps you should consider an HIV test - your local testing centre will have its own policy as to how and when to test, so have a chat with...

Immunology (including AIDS): small Hiv portal (continuation, please!), dry blood, laboratory conditions
dry blood, laboratory conditions, hi thanks: Hi HIV does not survive in dry blood. It survives in MOIST (wet) blood, for a few hours, maybe. And in ideal (laboratory) conditions, maybe a few days - but it must be kept moist. Once blood dries, HIV dies. Hope this helps. Best wishes Ia...

Immunology (including AIDS): sore on finger of hiv baby,in my chlilds mouth, catching hiv, deep wound
catching hiv, deep wound, hi thanks: Hi Thanks for the question. Well, HIV is difficult to catch in most social situations, and I would put the risk of your child catching HIV here as very very low. For the virus to be passed on, the finger of the HIV positive baby would need to have an open...

Immunology (including AIDS): sore, hiv transmission, visible blood
hiv transmission, visible blood, risk of hiv: Em: You are indeed correct in that the contact must be direct and visible blood must be present in order for infection to occur. Thus, you were in absolutely no danger in this situation. Any HIV in her blood would begin to deactivate on contact with the...

Immunology (including AIDS): I am doing a speech on AIDS..., aids in sub saharan africa, constitutional separation of church and state
aids in sub saharan africa, constitutional separation of church and state, aids situation: Hi Tracy, These are pretty far-reaching questions. I can try to answer them as best I can. I think the AIDS situation in Africa is terrible. In some areas 10-20% of the adult population in infected. Without treatment, this means that 10-20% of the...

Immunology (including AIDS): statistics, public education activities, aids website
public education activities, aids website, approximate percentage: Karen: I do not keep up with exact statistical totals because I now work only clinically and do not do any public education activities at this point, and I now live in Canada. I do know you can find the answer to your question from the CDC s HIV/AIDS website...

Immunology (including AIDS): stds, barrier contraception, genital warts
barrier contraception, genital warts, virus hiv: STD s are caused by several things, usually infectious agents. Some are bacteria, like gonorrhea, chlamydia, syphillis etc. Some are viruses, like herpes, genital warts, HIV. Some are fungal, e.g thrush (which can also occur without being an STD). As...

Immunology (including AIDS): can i still be infected, swollen lymph node, chills and fevers
swollen lymph node, chills and fevers, antibody tests: Tigbon: I am NOT a medical doctor, so I cannot comment on any of your non-HIV related questions/issues. I can however say that many of your symptoms would clearly be caused by the typhoid disease. Your HIV tests would most likely have come back positive...

Immunology (including AIDS): Could I still turn out to be positive?, non itchy rash, hiv symptoms
non itchy rash, hiv symptoms, hiv test: Hi Thanks for the message. Well, as you had protected sex, its highly unlikely that you re infected with HIV. Also, your symptoms don t sound typical (and you ve had a negative test). So, its not HIV, but there could be something else going on - I advise...

Immunology (including AIDS): stupid fear, nervous habit, blood on the ground
nervous habit, blood on the ground, fresh blood: Hi Thanks for the question. Well, you are right of course to be wary about blood, the vulnerability of mucous membranes etc., BUT in the situation you describe, I m sure you will not have caught HIV. There is simply not enough fresh blood getting deep enough...

Immunology (including AIDS): stupid toilet, catching hiv, hiv test
catching hiv, hiv test, hi thanks: Hi Thanks for the follow up. Well, I still don t consider this to be a real risk of catching HIV - though I can understand why you re concerned. As to a retest - well, its usual for a final test at 3 months (90 days) to be pretty certain, so if you ve...

Immunology (including AIDS): swallowing seman and hiv, catching hiv, swallowing seman
catching hiv, swallowing seman, giving oral sex: Hi Thanks for the follow up. There is a risk of transmission only if there are cuts or sores in the mouth and throat (once semen gets into the stomach, HIV is killed by gastric acid). And you are right to say the risk of catching HIV through giving...

Immunology (including AIDS): swimming pool and virus, hiv virus, swimming pools
hiv virus, swimming pools, dilution effect: Vanita: I apologize for the delay in response; I have been on vacation for a few days. HIV does not live in water and even if it did, the dilution effect from it being in the massive amount of water that is found in swimming pools would render it harmless....

Immunology (including AIDS): symptoms, throat glands, hiv symptoms
throat glands, hiv symptoms, sinus pressure: Hi there, It does sound as if your mom is right - it s a simple tonsilitis or pharyngitis (inflammation of the throat). Bad cases may need antibiotics, but most simply get better on their own. These aren t typical HIV symptoms at all. If you re having...

Immunology (including AIDS): symptoms, sign of hiv, symptom of hiv
sign of hiv, symptom of hiv, information about hiv and aids: Hi Thanks for the question. Well, symptoms this long after possible contact would be unusual. If you think you ve been in contact with HIV, then you should think about getting a test: but I don t think the tonsilitis alone should be taken as a sign of...

Immunology (including AIDS): symptoms of aids, immune system problems, swollen glands
immune system problems, swollen glands, symptoms of aids: Hi Thanks for the question. Well, the symptoms you describe if they occur for more than a few days typically appear years after the primary infection, because they indicate quite serious immune system problems. Maybe 5-10 years (depending on where the...

Immunology (including AIDS): symptoms, herpes lesions, hiv issues
herpes lesions, hiv issues, symptoms of hiv: Anand: The first thing you need to do is calm yourself down. People can become so alarmed about HIV issues that they can create symptoms themselves. It s even recognized as a distinct psychological problem. An HIV test at thirty days post-exposure...

Immunology (including AIDS): symtoms, acute retroviral syndrome, acute retroviral syndrome symptoms
acute retroviral syndrome, acute retroviral syndrome symptoms, four months: Aakash: Acute retroviral syndrome symptoms appear anywhere from a few days to four months after infection. Essentially, the symptoms exactly resemble the flu. They can last up to a couple of weeks and vary widely in severity. I hope this information...

Immunology (including AIDS): syringe attack, phychiatrist, urban myth
phychiatrist, urban myth, serveral times: Hi Bob Thanks for the question: well, as I mentioned, I think syringe attacks are extremely rare, and usually the product of an urban myth. See the psychiatrist anyway - its always good to talk with someone! Hope all goes well. Best wishes Ia...

Immunology (including AIDS): TESTING QUESTION FROM INDIA, hiv antibodies, pathology lab
hiv antibodies, pathology lab, rare instances: Ravi: In very rare instances, a person can take up to 6 months to show HIV antibodies. However, a test at 3 months (or your 93 days) picks up about 95 percent of true positives. As a result, it is not usually necessary to retest at 6 months, unless you...

Immunology (including AIDS): Is My Test Definitive, worry wart, heterosexual female
worry wart, heterosexual female, boyf: If what you say is true, then the odds of either of you having HIV are extremely low. HIV is poorly transmitted via oral sex - usually it s from the receptive rather than the insertive partner, so even if your boyf was lying he would almost certainly be clear...

Immunology (including AIDS): Is My Test Definitive?, worry wart, hiv tests
worry wart, hiv tests, heterosexual female: Hello: Your test would most certainly be definitive for the episode of oral sex two years ago. However, depending on how long ago you engaged in oral sex with your current boyfriend, the test would not be so. HIV can take up to six months to show up in...

Immunology (including AIDS): Tested, still something is wrong with me?, constant cough, chlmydia
constant cough, chlmydia, year and four months: Hi Thanks for the question, and it sounds like you re having a very difficult time. Well, it does sound like something is going on, but your symptoms won t be caused by HIV, as serious ones (such as those you describe) don t appear for many years. ...

Immunology (including AIDS): Testing After 10 weeks with Immune Suppression Drug, hiv exposure, symptom of hiv
hiv exposure, symptom of hiv, elisa test: Jennifer: Thanks for the clarifying information. In short, the answer to your question is simple: The patient s HIV status does not change my response. Again, PEP is VERY effective at preventing infection and second, the type of contact was very low...

Immunology (including AIDS): Testing at 11 weeks vs. 12 weeks, dr barry, final test
dr barry, final test, ear infection: Lynn: The likelihood that you would test positive in week 12 after testing negative in week 11 is so infinitely small as to be unmeasurable. I have NEVER seen it happen. I hate to contradict your counsellor, but I really think you have nothing to worry...

Immunology (including AIDS): Testing question...ag/ab test, window period, negative result
window period, negative result, antigens: Nick: I concur with your doctor, who is entirely correct about the newer generation of tests. You also had an ag/ab test, meaning it was looking for antigens (which the body produces as a precursor) and for antibodies (which can come later). Thus, if...

Immunology (including AIDS): Testing/Retesting?, hiv antibodies, immune system problems
hiv antibodies, immune system problems, monogamous relationship: Amelie: A test at 3.5 months after the last possible time of exposure will capture over 95 percent of true positives--meaning less than five percent would test negative even though they are in fact actually positive. This means that the likelihood of your...

Immunology (including AIDS): Testing Time, symptom of hiv, orasure test
symptom of hiv, orasure test, hiv test: Lori: There is not a lot of agreement on the window period because there is no scientific 100 percent surety possible with it. Everyone is always looking for guarantees, and of course, there are none. I can tell you with absolute certainty that there...

Immunology (including AIDS): Testing timing, distressing situation, risk exposure
distressing situation, risk exposure, pcr test: Brian: I am sorry to hear you find yourself in this distressing situation. You can be sure, however, that you are indeed HIV negative. The PCR at 60 days could not possibly be undetectable if you were in fact positive. Therefore, you re negative....

Immunology (including AIDS): Testing (window period), swollen glands, hiv infection
swollen glands, hiv infection, window period: Hi Thanks for the question, and I can certainly understand your concern. However, I think in this case your doctor IS correct - antibodies for HIV appear at the latest 12 weeks (3 months) following infection, so a negative test at nearly 5 months is conclusive....

Immunology (including AIDS): Toilet exposure, worried some, chances of getting hiv, soap dispenser
chances of getting hiv, soap dispenser, fresh blood: Hi Thanks for the question. Well, you are right to be careful of blood of course! But, in this case I don t think you should worry about HIV. The moment infected blood dries the HIV is inactivated - and it sounds here like there was no fresh blood. ...

Immunology (including AIDS): Transfer os AIDS, vaginal secretions, sharing needles
vaginal secretions, sharing needles, vaginal intercourse: Simar: HIV is transmitted by four body fluids: blood, semen, vaginal secretions and breast milk. Any activity in which these fluids are exchanged can cause an infection; activities in which an infected fluid is directly deposited into the person (i.e.,...

Immunology (including AIDS): Transmission, fast food chains, blood semen
fast food chains, blood semen, catsup: Chico: HIV cannot remain viable outside of the body. Therefore, even if someone was, say, mixing HIV-tainted blood in catsup, the HIV in the blood would never be able to remain active. HIV is present in saliva, but not in high enough quantities to...

Immunology (including AIDS): Transmission, air contamination, david answer
air contamination, david answer, hiv test: Dawn: Symptoms of seroconversion illness do NOT come as single events. There would be lots of other symptoms, resembling a flu. Alcohol can indeed cause night sweating, especially in summertime, obviously. On the day you describe, any HIV on the...

Immunology (including AIDS): Transmission, hiv seroconversion, hiv transmission
hiv seroconversion, hiv transmission, infected individual: Dawn: As I have mentioned, I have never heard of an infection this way. The risk of infection would so much depend on a variety of factors--how long had the blood been on the knife, what is the viral load of the infected person who was cut, how deep...

Immunology (including AIDS): Transmission, fragile virus, social circumstances
fragile virus, social circumstances, theoretical risk: Hi Thanks for your question; I can understand your concern. Well, you are right: HIV is very difficult to catch in the situations you describe ( social circumstances). HIV is contained in high concentration in 4 body fluids: blood; semen; vaginal fluid;...

Immunology (including AIDS): Transmission (Non-sexual), open wounds, intact skin
open wounds, intact skin, soccer game: Anonymous: Please realize that HIV CANNOT pass through uncompromised, intact skin. It is not possible. Thus, in answer to your questions: 1. I do not think you are infected. Not from this event, anyway. 2. The odds of your being infected from...

Immunology (including AIDS): Transmission possible?, statistical chances, sexual encounter
statistical chances, sexual encounter, insertive vaginal sex: James: While you could be infected, it is highly unlikely that you are NOT. Particularly after one encounter. You are extrapolating events to causes--her fever for instance could have been the result of ANYTHING. I cannot help predict statistical...

Immunology (including AIDS): Transmission, fast food chains, transmission hiv
fast food chains, transmission hiv, detectable virus: Hi Chico, There have been no documented cases of HIV transmission through food, although technically if someone got enough fresh blood and it wasn t cooked there would be a theoretical risk of transmission. HIV is present in saliva, but isn t very infectious...

Immunology (including AIDS): Can't put the fear of hiv behind me....., painful lymph nodes, sinus problems
painful lymph nodes, sinus problems, oral tests: You did the test correctly. All HIV tests--even blood--can give both false positives and false negatives, but it is less the 1/2 of a percent of all tests. The oral tests are more likely to give a false positive than a false negative. I hope this information...

Immunology (including AIDS): test, hiv elisa, pathology lab
hiv elisa, pathology lab, mithun: Mithun: I apologize for the delay in response; I have been away at conference for a few days. Keeping the sample in a fridge will IN NO WAY affect the reliability of the test. All blood samples are refrigerated at some point. I hope this is helpful....

Immunology (including AIDS): Should I do the test??, catching hiv, hiv testing
catching hiv, hiv testing, hiv infection: Hi Thanks for the question; and for your information, I m not a medic, but have lots of experience in the health and social care field. In the situation you describe, it doesn t sound like you need a test. There is no chance of you catching HIV here,...

Immunology (including AIDS): test, hiv virus, sexual contact
hiv virus, sexual contact, best wishes: Hi Thanks for the question. Well, using this kind of test, it is possible to detect HIV 7-14 days following infection. It isn t the standard type of test used for adults though; but the result is pretty accurate. Does this help? Best wishes Ia...

Immunology (including AIDS): Should i be tested?, hiv test, sexual contact
hiv test, sexual contact, best wishes: Hi Ann Thanks for the question. Well, if you were tested in 2001, and you had been positive, its likely they would have told you! As long as your test was done more than 3 months after your last sexual contact with the ex (which I presume is the case...)....

Immunology (including AIDS): testing at 8 months, mouth ulcers, symptoms of hiv
mouth ulcers, symptoms of hiv, hiv tests: Bobby: Mono can cause the same symptoms as HIV infection, so that diagnosis probably accounts for what you experienced HIV tests at 8 months post-exposure would pick up any HIV infection. There should be no need to re-test, other than further peace...

Immunology (including AIDS): testing after 8 weeks, hiv infection, sore throat
hiv infection, sore throat, wbc: Kay: The great likelihood is that you are in fact HIV negative. A test at 8 weeks is over 85% accurate. The symptoms you are having are not typical of HIV infection/seroconversion illness. Those symptoms resemble the flu. Keep in mind too that one exposure...

Immunology (including AIDS): testing question, repetitive strain injury, symptom of hiv
repetitive strain injury, symptom of hiv, peripheral neuropathy: Hi Kay Thanks for the question. Well, you are right - peripheral neuropathy is indeed a symptom of HIV infection, BUT a fairly late one (after a number of years, ppobably). And - your tests are negative, so you have NOT got HIV! Sounds like you may have...

Immunology (including AIDS): testing., 28 days, blood test
28 days, blood test, needles: Aakash: No one reuses needles nowadays. Even though you did not see her change the needle, I m sure she did. If in fact she didn t, your risk would be low. HIV deactivates on contact with the air, so unless the needle had been in someone else s vein...

Immunology (including AIDS): Is theer a risk?, hang nails, nervous habit
hang nails, nervous habit, information about hiv and aids: Hi Thanks for the question. Well, as you know HIV spreads through contact with one (or more) of 4 body fluids: blood, seminal fluid, vaginal fluid, breast milk. I would say the risk of HIV transmission in the situation you describe is very low. For...

Immunology (including AIDS): I think i got something, swollen lymph nodes, latex condoms
swollen lymph nodes, latex condoms, hiv symptoms: Hi Macy, Lets calm down a little bit and look at the big picture here. You are making a big assumption that your boyfriend is HIV positive. However, as you may know, unprotected intercourse puts you at risk for STI s (including HIV). Remember, with HIV-...

Immunology (including AIDS): thymus and age, t cell maturation, neonatal thymectomy
t cell maturation, neonatal thymectomy, memory pools: I m not so sure about the short-survival. Providing naive T cells get occasional self-MHC/antigen stimulation they seem to persist and even divide. Memory T cells don t seem to require this. In the thymectomy situation it appears as if peripheral stimulation...

Immunology (including AIDS): touch, hiv aids, visible blood
hiv aids, visible blood, hi thanks: Hi Thanks for the follow-up question. Well, I can understand your anxiety (as I said in my last answer, its always wise to deal with blood carefully...). BUT - it does sound like in this case the risk of HIV transmission is very low (especially as the...

Immunology (including AIDS): transformation of AIDS, hiv virus, intact skin
hiv virus, intact skin, hiv: Ramesh: HIV does NOT penetrate intact skin, so getting any infected fluids on one s hands would not be a risk for infection as long as the skin was not compromised. Even if there were small cuts and abrasions, the risk of infection is still incredibly...

Immunology (including AIDS): transmission from husband, odd symptoms, hiv test
odd symptoms, hiv test, hiv infection: Hi Thanks for your question. Well, it is likely that if your husband was HIV positive, then you would have been infected through unprotected sex over a 9 year period. Of course, sometimes unprotected sex with an infected person DOESN T result in the other...

Immunology (including AIDS): transmission question, vaginal opening, precum
vaginal opening, precum, tissue damage: Lina: It is theoretically possible for infection to occur in the situation you describe. Primarily because precum can be present on the tip of the penis, transmission is possible. However, it is incredibly unlikely. The deeper the penetration, the more...

Immunology (including AIDS): transmission, latex condom, viral particles
latex condom, viral particles, liquid latex: A. Student: Your question provides proof that you cannot believe everything you read because you are absolutely right: HIV CANNOT pass through a condom, for the very reason you suggest, with a slight variation--HIV is not carried by the fluid, but is...

Immunology (including AIDS): type 1 interferon, blackwell synergy, pubmedcentral
blackwell synergy, pubmedcentral, cell biology: Hey there, I pulled out a paper that looks like a good start. Fulltext available online through pubmed central. It addresses some of the differences between IFN alpha and beta, and its own references may point the way to the more basic things. http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pubmed&pubmedid=9012836...

Immunology (including AIDS): could u.., sandwich elisa, insident
sandwich elisa, insident, nastia: Nastia: With the newest generation of tests, most people will show up on them by week 4, many by week 2. Six months is still the golden rule, but I have never had a client who was negative at week 4 become positive at 6 months from the same exposure....

Immunology (including AIDS): uncommon doubt, transmission of hiv, translation tool
transmission of hiv, translation tool, menstrual blood: Hi Thanks for your question. I think I understand your question (have you used some kind of online translation tool?). I don t think there is a risk of HIV in this situation. I don t think you need to worry. If you have any more questions, send a follow...

Immunology (including AIDS): unprotected vagina sex---please help, vagina sex, hiv tests
vagina sex, hiv tests, monogamous relationships: Hello: Given all her previous HIV tests, I would say the strongest likelihood is that she is in fact HIV negative. The rapid tests are as accurate as other testing forms, especially when the result is negative. I would recommend tests at 3 months...

Immunology (including AIDS): update, swollen lymph nodes, hiv testing
swollen lymph nodes, hiv testing, apparent reason: Jon: You are NOT infected with HIV. There is no way your test at 8 months (not to mention hers as well) would not have picked it up. Your nodes are swollen for some other reason (and often remain swollen and are swollen in some people for no apparent...

Immunology (including AIDS): Vaccine, avian flu, hiv aids
avian flu, hiv aids, wild birds: Hi Thanks for the question. Well, my field is HIV/AIDS, so I m not a specialist in Avian flu. What I do know is this: its a virus, so can t be cured as such (like any other virus) - if a person is infected, the body has to do the best it can! (the person...

Immunology (including AIDS): Viral infections, passenger virus, childhood rashes
passenger virus, childhood rashes, human herpes virus: HHV6 is an odd virus. No-one is really sure whether it causes a real disease or is more of a passenger virus. It seems to only cause a problem in immunocompromised patients (e.g. transplant recipients) but may be linked to some childhood rashes. I haven...

Immunology (including AIDS): Virus Longevity, fragile virus, vaginal secretions
fragile virus, vaginal secretions, aerosol spray: Hi Dennis, The longevity depends on where the virus is. Left lying on a desk for example, it won t last long at all. HIV is a relatively fragile virus and is easily killed by drying out, UV light (i.e. sunlight) and basic detergents and cleansers (e.g....

Immunology (including AIDS): ven, hiv test, negative test
hiv test, negative test, hi thanks: Hi Thanks for the question. Well, I think what you ve heard is wrong, or at least unproven; to the best of my understanding, antibodies for both types of HIV are generated at similar rates. What you may have heard is that HIV 2 is less virulent than HIV...

Immunology (including AIDS): "Off the Wall" Question, anthrax threat, hiv aids
anthrax threat, hiv aids, best guess: Dennis: I am not an immunologist and my specialization is strictly HIV/AIDS, but I will toss you a best guess via deduction... Antrax is a bacteria, so it can be cured by antibiotics, although apparently there is a treatment window past which the drugs...

Immunology (including AIDS): Ways to contract HIV/AIDS, chances of getting hiv, viral rna
chances of getting hiv, viral rna, contracting hiv: The chances of getting HIV through a blood transfusion in teh US are very minimal. All donations are tested, and all donors are screened. While this isn t perfect, it is extremely effective. The situations that might slip through the net are those where...

Immunology (including AIDS): Window Period vs Symptoms, viral antigens, rash on chest
viral antigens, rash on chest, symptoms of a viral infection: Max: I would say that you can be DEFINITELY assured this is NOT HIV. Your original battery of tests would have, one of them, been positive if you were infected--the p24 indicates viral antigens that are present before antibodies (the ELISA test measurement)...

Immunology (including AIDS): Window Period, glands in neck, elisa test
glands in neck, elisa test, hiv infection: Hi Thanks for the question. Well, a negative test at 12 weeks/3 months is pretty conclusive - I don t think you need to be retested. Its also unusual for symptoms associated with early HIV infection to be so protracted. It sounds like you do have something...

Immunology (including AIDS): Worried About AIDS, aids virus, sex acts
aids virus, sex acts, sexual relationship: It s extremely unlikely that HIV would do this. You would probably know if you had any cuts big enough to put you at risk. The other aspect is whether you think this guy has HIV or not. A 16 year old hetero is extremely unlikely. A 26 year old homosexual...

Immunology (including AIDS): want answer, hiv virus, aakash
hiv virus, aakash, hiv: Aakash: HIV begins to deactivate immediately on contact with the air. Whatever fluid it is in is irrelevant; therefore, it does not matter if the blood is clotting. The virus is never really alive so it really isn t dying in this process, but 99% of it...

Immunology (including AIDS): i was just wondering if a..., jock itch, small quantities
jock itch, small quantities, vaginal fluids: Hello: It would be incredibly unlikely to be infected in this way. First, jock itch doesn t usually permeate far into the dermis, so it would be unlikely any HIV in vaginal fluids could get into the bloodstream. Second, vaginal fluids contain very small...

Immunology (including AIDS): i was just wondering if a..., theoretical risk, hiv infection
theoretical risk, hiv infection, vaginal fluid: Hi Thanks for the question. Well, in the situation you describe, the chances of HIV infection are very low. Breaks in the skin do constitute a theoretical risk, but in this case a large amount of vaginal fluid from the girl would need to be in direct contact...

Immunology (including AIDS): can it work?, professional counsellor, artificial insemination
professional counsellor, artificial insemination, great health: Tom: There are many, many couples in which one partner is positive and the other is negative. Studies have show that if they use condoms properly, it is very very unlikely the negative partner will become positive. Many couples also have children, although...

Immunology (including AIDS): worried, antibody antigen, vaginal secretions
antibody antigen, vaginal secretions, antigen test: Hi Thanks for the question. Well, there is a risk of HIV transmission with precum, and the factors affecting infection risk are the same as for semen: is the person HIV positive?; how infectious is he (what is the state of HIV in his body at that time);...

Immunology (including AIDS): very worried, catching hiv, hi thanks
catching hiv, hi thanks, unprotected sex: Hi Thanks for the question; and I can understand your concern. Well, unprotected sex is certainly risky when it comes to HIV; but statistically the chance of catching HIV, unless you re in a high prevalence area, is very low. If you want to be sure you...

Immunology (including AIDS): Very worried and anxious??, night chills, vaginal secretions
night chills, vaginal secretions, body temperatures: Roger, You are very likely to have caught...A Cold!.... The chances that you got HIV this way are literally off the radar screen and unheard of! Please stop worrying about this. Test yourself for peace of mind so you can move on. I don t believe you...

Immunology (including AIDS): Am worried, please help, latex condom, latex condoms
latex condom, latex condoms, sign of hiv: Hi Mike Thanks for the question. Well, I doubt this is HIV - the symptoms don t sound typical of early HIV infection, BUT I think you should maybe see a medic to see if anything else is going on. I don t think you need to fear HIV, though. Hope this...

Immunology (including AIDS): My very worried questions., hiv blood test, shenzhen china
hiv blood test, shenzhen china, mild detergent: Alex Thanks for the questions. I don t think you need to have an HIV test. Question 1: you cannot catch HIV in this way; question 2: washing your hands with soap will kill the virus anyway. So - don t worry ! Hope this information helps. Feel free...

Immunology (including AIDS): worried, wondering if you could offer advice, unprotected oral sex, performing oral sex
unprotected oral sex, performing oral sex, sex situations: Craig: The insertive partner in oral sex situations is NOT considered to be at risk for HIV. It is theoretically possible, but very very unlikely. Blood would need to be passed and would have to get into the body through the penis somehow. You are correct...

Immunology (including AIDS): worried, stomach problems, crack cocaine
stomach problems, crack cocaine, hiv infection: Matthew: Sharing a pipe is very low risk for HIV infection. Visual blood would need to be present. Keep in mind too that HIV begins to deactivate on contact with air, so any virus if present would begin to be neutralized immediately. Also, saliva does...

Immunology (including AIDS): Very worry pls help, latex condoms, unprotected oral sex
latex condoms, unprotected oral sex, burning sensation: Hello: Inserted oral sex (having oral sex performed on you) is EXTREMELY LOW RISK for HIV infection. I would not worry about this at all. I also would not worry about any fluids from her mouth being trapped in the condom. HIV deactivates on contact...

Immunology (including AIDS): worrying about aids, chances of catching hiv, unprotected oral sex
chances of catching hiv, unprotected oral sex, symptoms of hiv: Roger: There is no risk of HIV infection from receiving oral sex. Touching a condom with your hands and then touching your penis is also absolutely no risk. Even if vaginal fluids were on the condom, HIV deactivates on contact with air, and so, it would...

Immunology (including AIDS): worrying about HIV, performing oral sex, sexworker
performing oral sex, sexworker, hiv test: Bab: I am unsure as to how to answer your question as I am not sure what testing protocols are in place in India. I can tell you that if it is a normal ELISA HIV1-2, there will be no difference between Week 7 and Week 8 in my experience. A shaved...

Immunology (including AIDS): Yeast and HIV, vaginal yeast infections, recurrent yeast infections
vaginal yeast infections, recurrent yeast infections, chronic yeast: Hi Thanks for your question. Well, you are right - yeast (fungal) infections are a sign of late HIV infection, but usually years after catching the virus, and they are associated with (as you also say) a low CD4 count. Yeast infections - as you will...

Increasing Your Creativity: writers block...help!!!!!, romance novel, romancy
romance novel, romancy, medieval type: Hello Bella, I apologize for the delay in answering your question. The e-mail didn t go through. Anyway, I would love to help you with your problem, but it is very hard for me to help you make a specific plot with the few details you have supplied...

Increasing Your Creativity: writing a short story, blank computer screen, writing a short story
blank computer screen, writing a short story, multiplication tables: Hello Charlotte: It is difficult to know what your problem is without more information. Do you get bored doing other things? Does boredom happen often to you? What are your feelings when you sit down to write? Do you face the paper or blank computer...

Increasing Your Creativity: Creation Story help??, chinese creation myth, creation myths
chinese creation myth, creation myths, two legs: Abigail, Thanks for the question! First of all, I d like to say that your story was entertaining, but I did notice a few flaws and places where you may want to clean it up a bit. First off, there are some places that seem lacking, in instance the sentence,...

Increasing Your Creativity: Creative way to get class involved, different point of view, religion class
different point of view, religion class, world religion: Since I don t know anything about Confucianism I don t know how much I can help. To be creative means to look at things from a new perspective, to tell a story from a different point of view. Perhaps you can have students engage in a debate about the tenets...

Increasing Your Creativity: Aristole’s Poetics like play?, case roman numerals, aristole
case roman numerals, aristole, person and society: Abby, I cannot tell you who you should choose, seeing as whoever it is that I might pick could be completely wrong for you, but I can give you some tips on how to write the play. First, we need to talk about the basics. You have characters, lines, scenes,...

Increasing Your Creativity: writting a novel, novel question, central conflict
novel question, central conflict, story plots: Hey Marie If you google seven plot points you will come up with a few sites. The idea is just to understand the structure of the plots... then you can t go wrong. You ll recognize each and every one of them. It s amazing that the same stories are told...

Increasing Your Creativity: do you agree or not agree with this article? why or why not?, answer homework questions, bling bling
answer homework questions, bling bling, high school diploma: I don t answer homework questions. This article gives both sides of the matter. You should discuss the objectives for giving medals for academic excellence. A few outstanding brains or a lot of smarter people and then will medals help meet the objectives...

Increasing Your Creativity: writing, short attention span, genre books
short attention span, genre books, bad memory: Hello Elizabeth: Thank you for writing. You have asked more questions than I like to answer at one time, which means I can t answer any of them in depth in the space provided. If you want more information, you can always come back with another question....

Increasing Your Creativity: Creative writing, rhythm changes, personal tastes
rhythm changes, personal tastes, fantasy story: Questioner, Every writer has their own way to write things. What you have to do is find out what your way is. You have to decide what you want the fantasy story to be about. It all, really, resides on your personal tastes. Of course, no matter what, you...

Increasing Your Creativity: Gaps in a novel, ruth rendell, time gap
ruth rendell, time gap, mystery writer: Hello Mak: It s not difficult to handle a big gap in time in a novel. Is this the only big gap you have? If it is, I would suggest you change the section to cover the missing 12 years. You might insert a time gap explanatory page, perhaps with the words:...

Increasing Your Creativity: creative writing pieces, terrified scream, gas lamp
terrified scream, gas lamp, lazy eyes: Chris, I am so sorry for the delay! My Internet has been down for awhile, and I forgot all about my e-mail because of it. Anyway, I d like to say that I like how this story sounds, but I have one question: Are you trying to write as if you were the...

Increasing Your Creativity: Detail level..., mentoring services, high score
mentoring services, high score, blandness: Hello Kincaid: You raise a number of significant questions (way too many to answer in this space!). I cannot tell whether your prose is bland and if so, why, without having a look at it. The same goes for the other elements you mention. At my website, http://pygmypress.com,...

Increasing Your Creativity: hi, writers block, writing
writers block, writing: Sara, Oh, writers block is the most annoying thing, isn t it? Well, seeing as this is a homework assignment, I can t in good conscience start the story off for you, but I can help you get back on track. Anyway, the best way I have found , for me, to...

Increasing Your Creativity: Writing, business writing, academic paper
business writing, academic paper: Sherry, What an interesting question. I suppose the answer depends on the type of business document one is writing. Some businesses are very technical and precise in the way they present information. Think engineering, IT, etc. Some are very creative and...

Increasing Your Creativity: help!, generic response, laboratory experiment
generic response, laboratory experiment, run on sentence: Hello Lexi, I could offer a more generic response, one that covers the subject of creativity on more of a grand scale. However, you re going to receive a response from me that is perhaps not what you would expect. Or perhaps you would expect it. Either...

Increasing Your Creativity: Setting, fantasy element, magical elements
fantasy element, magical elements, implied power: Hello Nicky: My writing professor in college used to say, Fantasy characters in our world, or human characters in a fantasy world, but not both. Setting is very important to readers, because it grounds them. If the story takes place in Memphis they...

Increasing Your Creativity: Song, creative criticism, looking through the glass
creative criticism, looking through the glass, exact message: Hey Ava, =] Well of course Creative writing is found in songwriting. Believe it or not, I had started writing songs when I was little way before I got into short stories and poems. This song seems very sad and I m not too sure what the message is exactly....

Increasing Your Creativity: About writing, writing poems, proplem
writing poems, proplem, how bizzare: Well I appreciate you coming to me for advice but you can t necessarily create a love for writing. Perhaps, you can spark an interest by having them write about whatever is on their mind or what they are most interested in no matter how bizzare or out of line...

Increasing Your Creativity: Artist's block, art institute of atlanta, wracking my brain
art institute of atlanta, wracking my brain, magazine layouts: Hi Kayla First, just know that this happens to everybody. Every creative artist has to push through blocks. Some days are diamonds, some days are stones as they say. Being able to get past these blocks is the difference between good artists and great ones....

Increasing Your Creativity: Define Human Noise, Human Noise Whales
Human Noise Whales: Noises off - The cacophony of human noise in the ocean grows louder by the year. Bob Holmes investigates what all the din means for whales and other inhabitants of the deep * 01 March 1997 * From New Scientist Print Edition. Subscribe and get 4...

Increasing Your Creativity: How can I improve?, write, writers
write, writers, writing: Hello Caleb: No one is doomed to writing mediocre works. Your work can surely improve, with help. Make no mistake, this may, in your opinion, be an uncommon question, but it is a very common problem. I call it elbow block, because somewhere in the region...

Increasing Your Creativity: setting questions, sci fi story, mysterious quality
sci fi story, mysterious quality, fiction writer: Hello Evan: If this is your first novel, and I assume it is, you have certainly set a challenge for yourself. Of course you have not said what you intend to do with the book once it s finished. If you are writing for your own satisfaction or for friends...

Increasing Your Creativity: Average loss per flop, creative voices, impossible question
creative voices, impossible question, actuarial tables: Dan, This question is not about increasing creativity or assisting young writers. And I am not an accountant. I am the creative voices of the company. For that reason, I have to resond no to your question. I don t believe that a guess by me will be helpful...

Increasing Your Creativity: help me write, united arab emirates, target audience
united arab emirates, target audience, holiday supplies: Liza, I don t really know all that much about how website adds work,but I do, however, have an OK understanding of how adds work. Basically. what I would suggest would be to keep the add clean and simple, but at the same time make it appeal to your target...

Increasing Your Creativity: Plot Line Help, interior monologue, high score
interior monologue, high score, plot line: Hello Auxana: There are things you can add or amplify to stretch your story out, but I can t tell what would be best without seeing your script - for one reason, much depends on the point of view you have chosen. As a professional, I do charge for my services,...

Increasing Your Creativity: Publishing, charles lindbergh, photographic book
charles lindbergh, photographic book, copyright law: William, I am not an expert on copyright law so I m going to err on the side of caution and encourage you to do all you can to discover who owns the rights to these photos. Is there a Lindbergh Museum or Library in his home state? If you don t find anything...

Increasing Your Creativity: Need help in grabbing attention and putting a smile on reader's face, Comedy Writing
Comedy Writing: First Forget the thought that you can t equal the quality of others. Draft something, show it to others to get their suggestions, take the ones that help and improve the draft. Repeat until you are satisfied or until your deadline. Remember, it is the...

Increasing Your Creativity: Poetic Rut, dark poems, dark emotions
dark poems, dark emotions, verse form: Well Marie we all get into ruts from time to time as I do as well. If dark poems are your forte than don t try to fight it. Some of the best poetry can come from deep dark emotions such as that. I don t suggest writing a poem about love if you aren t in love...

Increasing Your Creativity: GCSE English, english coursework, external threat
english coursework, external threat, male character: I ve actually written a book about this! It s called The Master Authors Secret Handbook and it s available from this website: http://www.innercirclewritersgroup.co.uk ...but that s a little too much for what you want, isn t it? Nevertheless, the book...

Increasing Your Creativity: I'm Stuck, Song Writing, Orthogonal Operation
Song Writing, Orthogonal Operation, Symbiosis: I would suggest: Orthogonal Operation Think about what is sad, heartbreaking, hurtful, etc. Then think about how you overcome those things to achieve happiness. Use that as a basis for writing. Consult experts Have you looked up sources of ideas, tips...

Increasing Your Creativity: i am willing to do projects........how can i do it?, submission requirements, mail
submission requirements, mail, graduation: Individual universities have their own criteria and submission requirements. I suggest you visit their websites and determine what each one requires. If you are interested in a specific subject of study I suggest you research that subject and become as...

Increasing Your Creativity: Coming out - poetry ! Girls !, girls girls, love poems
girls girls, love poems, mean girls: Hello Greg! Let me tell you something... poetry is a beautiful thing. You may be embarrassed now, but you re right in that the girls love it, and if your guy friends were to make fun of you, which they very well might because they re guys, they probably...

Increasing Your Creativity: I don't know my style?, formal shape, amazon co uk
formal shape, amazon co uk, thoughts and feelings: Actually, the answer s pretty simple. You re a poet. And quite a good one. Your work perhaps could do with a little more formal shape as poetry (and the best book on that is by Stephen Fry, The Ode Less Travelled, which you can find here http://www.amazon.co.uk/Ode-Less-Travelled-Unlocking-Within/dp/009179661X)...

Increasing Your Creativity: HELP!!!! my young mind is straining too hard!!!, good sentence, world peace
good sentence, world peace, high scores: Hello Amberly: You have run up against the beginning writer s biggest hurdle: being able to tell when your writing is good and when it is not. Some learn this quickly and some not so quickly - it took me years and years - what a relief when I finally...

Increasing Your Creativity: Cheating?, spelling test, honest person
spelling test, honest person, seams: It means that you are an honest person. I understand that you feel guilty because of the way it seams, but I can tell you have clean conscience. Not to worry. Make sure that if it happens again that you let the teacher know there is a problem, but trust your...

Increasing Your Creativity: English Presenation (ASAP!), presentaion, visual component
presentaion, visual component, interview success: Hello! Have you considered using Power Point to give your presentation to the class. You can make this very creative by giving your presentations with this visual, but if you do make sure that you only put the main points in the power point. DO NOT JUST...

Increasing Your Creativity: Help asap, homework questions, presentaion
homework questions, presentaion, visual component: Hello Anoop, We aren t supposed to answer homework questions but in this case I will offer a suggestion or two. One of the most difficult parts of looking for a job is the rejection that often comes from several prospective employers before that one inciteful...

Increasing Your Creativity: Help Urgent, ways to find a job, presentaion
ways to find a job, presentaion, visual component: One of the best ways to find a job is through your network of friends. Do this through new technology. Start them Twittering I don t do homework. I suggest you GOOGLE: process analysis essay about finding a student job . There is a lot of information...

Increasing Your Creativity: Poetry, first girlfriend, warm voice
first girlfriend, warm voice, girl features: James, How sweet of you to be so creative with expressing your feelings! I would suggest following your heart on this one. You really can t go wrong. Think about the things you find most beautiful about this girl; features like her eyes or smile, her warm...

Increasing Your Creativity: Sonnets, unfortunate fate, fantasy novel
unfortunate fate, fantasy novel, realm of shadows: Yes, you have potential! :) I like the sonnet -it s ambitious and interesting. I think it perhaps falters a little with the lines Which will plunge you into dark predators Who manifested by the inwards eye which aren t quite as clear as the rest....

Increasing Your Creativity: My writing, literature terms, google
literature terms, google, sense of reality: Hello Elizabeth: Thank you for writing. I understand your problem. Here are some hints about stories: 1. To be interesting, stories must have conflict. There are several types of conflict, you can learn about them at http://www.dowlingcentral.com/MrsD/area/literature/Terms/conflict.html...

Increasing Your Creativity: social identity as teacher, social identity, social identities
social identity, social identities, interaction: How does your social identity influence your work as a teacher with groups of students who are diverse in their social identities? Both input from the Students and the responses to the Students are filtered based on the Teacher s social identity. To...

Increasing Your Creativity: Help, rush of emotion, writing a short story
rush of emotion, writing a short story, professional relationship: There are probably several ways of moving forward on this one, but one good way is to try describing specific moments and specific feelings -like for instance how your stomach, chest or heart actually felt when you saw him or a particular time when you suddenly...

Increasing Your Creativity: information, lofty position, negative thoughts
lofty position, negative thoughts, few moments: Now that University is out is a good time to rest a bit and let your mind wander. Even if you work you can still take a few moments each day to observe the people and activity around you. There are stories in everything. Who is that person entering the...

Increasing Your Creativity: information, increasing confidence, using new technology
increasing confidence, using new technology, negative thoughts: sir i had a wish to do lot of things in these vocations but i become lazy and creativity level becomes zero how can i boost my creativity. Pick the most important thing you want to do, plan the steps to get it done, then work the plan. Check off each...

Increasing Your Creativity: Book Title, Book Title, writing
Book Title, writing: I have been on vacation. Title The title should be descriptive of what the book is about. It should be something that resonates with the people you want to attract. Short and sweet is usually best. Subtitle Then, if it makes sense for your book,...

Increasing Your Creativity: help, alistair sim, alastair sim
alistair sim, alastair sim, amazon co uk: You ve really missed out here, haven t you? :) There is a rare DVD of An Inspector Calls from a film made in 1954 starring Alistair Sim. It s available from Amazon: http://www.amazon.co.uk/Inspector-Calls-DVD-Alastair-Sim/dp/B0001P044Q On the political...

Increasing Your Creativity: View on question, europe in the 20th century, evaluation conclusion
europe in the 20th century, evaluation conclusion, economic prosperity: This is a little outside my area, but here goes: Firstly, is this a history question? Or politics? Or philosophy? And at what level? School? University? Knowing that would give me some guidelines on how to answer it. In the absence of that data, here are...

Increasing Your Creativity: Why Write, read, suggestion area, question the question
suggestion area, question the question, poetry: This is a very big question which will require a bigger answer than I can give you here. The answers are all in my book The Master Authors Secret Handbook, available through my website: http://www.innercirclewritersgroup.co.uk I hope you are able...

Increasing Your Creativity: Creative Writing., subject book, book writing
subject book, book writing, personal coaching: Hello Michelle: Thank you for writing. This problem is quite common, and there are many possibilities behind it. In fact, I have the same problem. I have no trouble writing non-fiction, but fiction is a struggle for me. In your case, I sense that...

Increasing Your Creativity: Writing gibberish/nonsensical words, shorthand, language
shorthand, language, gibberish: Amanda, Yours is unique question, that s for sure. I have never created a new language but I ll give it a try. My first suggestion is to use this new language very sparingly. It will be too much work for your reader to have to translate everything. Do...

Increasing Your Creativity: Introduction, line warriors, women in combat
line warriors, women in combat, rhetorical question: You could start with something like: Can a Woman be a Soldier? Or, if you wanted to be harder-hitting: Can Women be Trained to Kill? Or develop something along the lines of: Women on the Front Line: Warriors or just Weird? It really...

Increasing Your Creativity: My Imaginations into a story, Technology, Writing
Technology, Writing: Put your ideas for a movie down as a series of picture frames. Then write key things that occur in the frame: who,what they say,motion, etc. Use new technology: E. g., voice to text program to talk your ideas onto a computer as you think. Look at such...

Increasing Your Creativity: think outside the box, high scores, kwan
high scores, kwan, cliches: Hello Edward: First, let s look at what s inside the box. Cliches become cliches because someone starts using a phrase and pretty soon everyone is saying it or promoting it. For example, someone said Back in the day, and now everyone is saying it. It...

Increasing Your Creativity: English, homework assignment, volunteer services
homework assignment, volunteer services, reading between the lines: Hello, Your message to me did not contain any personal information, so I am changing this to public as it is a topic that could benefit other readers. If you set it to private because it is a homework assignment, then you need to know that these volunteer...

Increasing Your Creativity: Creative Writing Exercies, writing exercise, creativity
writing exercise, creativity, fun : Here is an exercise that is fun and never fails to inspire. Have students make a list of ten things found in the kitchen and another list of ten things found in another room in the house. Then tell them to select the genre they wish to write. Mystery,...

Increasing Your Creativity: english help, creative writing, show not tell
creative writing, show not tell, short story: You said, I actually have to admit this was much more fun too, you could picture it in your head. Exactly! You got it. Now work on the sentence, Her friend was a short thin girl. How can you show the reader how she looked without telling them? How...

Increasing Your Creativity: English., deep sea diver, banana skin
deep sea diver, banana skin, creative juices: My best tip on this would be to come up with two contrasting things -things which normally have nothing to do with each other- and then string them together creatively. For example, bananas and a park bench; or tigers and sausages; or socks and the Marianas...

Increasing Your Creativity: writing to describe, creative writing, descriptive writing
creative writing, descriptive writing, travel writing: One way to start is to either recall a time you were on a journey in a car and recreate the FEELINGS you had at that time. Another way is to imagine a trip you would hate to take and present it as realistically as possible. Once you get started the creative...

Increasing Your Creativity: review and advice, request for critique, short story review
request for critique, short story review: In order to critique your story I need to read it. How many words is it? What is your perceived market for this piece? Also, since this spot is for general questions not detailed critiques I have to ask you to contact me off line at bobbi.carducci@commnityvoicemedia.com...

Increasing Your Creativity: Writing, horror story, vampire books
horror story, vampire books, dose of reality: Hello SuperGeek: Cheesy is subjective, a matter of taste. What is cheesy to you might be perfectly delightful to someone else. As for it s not being predictable, i assume you have read widely in vampire books and know what is predictable and what is...

Increasing Your Creativity: Writing problems, internet scams, writing company
Increasing Your Creativity: Writing problems, internet scams, writing company, essay writing

Increasing Your Creativity: Writing problems, descriptive piece, critical self
descriptive piece, critical self, high scores: Hello Jennifer: Let s address the fear first. I believe all authors suffer this, and it is most inhibiting. It is best to sit yourself down for a good talk. Tell yourself sternly that this is something you want to do, need to do and i WILL /i do, whether...

Increasing Your Creativity: Lyrics, choice of words, innuendo
choice of words, innuendo, delve: You could: 1. Delve into a very different realm of literature, something that is very deep and rich in language and meaning, 2. Familiarize yourself with those types of works, develop an interest or perhaps even a passion for some of that literature, ...

Increasing Your Creativity: PLEASE I NEED YOUR HELP, publisher, agent
publisher, agent, query letter: Christopher, These days it s easy to publish. All you have to do is go to Amazon s publishing site, CreateSpace. it will tell you how to upload your book and sell it via Amazon, Barnes & Noble, etc. You can even order print books to sell at book signings....

Increasing Your Creativity: creativity of writing english composition, english composition courses, shakespeare lines
english composition courses, shakespeare lines, google: VOON, I suggest you try these: http://www.librarything.com/topic/64629 GOOGLE: beautiful sentences GOOGLE: beautiful sentences Shakespeare lines- portal.com/articles/List_of_Free_English_Composition_Courses_and_Classes.html http://www.allgreatquotes.com/love_quotes.shtml...

Increasing Your Creativity: >Youth<, iphones, ipads
iphones, ipads, aesthetic pleasure: Well, it won t be easy but my advice is to try to make five points against the premise, along the lines of: 1. Generalising that youth is all motivated in the same way is just that: a generalisation, unfair and therefore inaccurate. 2. Many young people...

Increasing Your Creativity: How to get better, sudden flood, drama mystery
sudden flood, drama mystery, romance drama: Hello Samirrah: What you are talking about is called thinking outside the box. I think your problem is that you are settling for the first thing you think of. I tell my students, Always reject the first thing that comes to mind, as it is sure to be a...

Increasing Your Creativity: Suddenly can't get into my characters heads., deep emotion, ridiculous idea
deep emotion, ridiculous idea, fellow writers: Hello Sarah: Oh dear, you have hit on my two flabby spots. They say you should let your characters tell the story - hah! I can t get my characters to say a word. They don t even seem to be present in the story but watching it, from a distance. At least...

Increasing Your Creativity: writing, oratory speech, critical problems
oratory speech, critical problems, forensics: Hello, I would talk about forensics for zombies or vampires or the forensics of the future. If you talk about forensics for zombies or vampires, relate it to the differences between the forensics for them and the forensics for humans. If you talk about...

Increasing Your Creativity: help!
This is actually quite good. Couple of spelling errors ( Compered for Compared for example) but otherwise you captivated my attention. The last word will throw people off as it s virtually unpronouncable, but that may be part of what you want to achieve....

Increasing Your Creativity: looking for some ideas?
Well, Joshua, I am wondering where the sub would encounter the mother -- she wouldn t be in a classroom, would she? And what would her mistake lead to? It seems to me that you have not given enough thought to the planning of this story. What you have now...

Increasing Your Creativity: story ideas? i got writers block.
The first thing that comes to mind is a wedding. Perhaps the mother is to be maid of honor and she is delayed due to an emergency. Daughter steps in to take her place. The best man, who will be her escort, finds her very alluring but much too young. Daughter...

Increasing Your Creativity: Creative Writing, short story, word count
short story, word count, super shorts: The short answer to the question, How long should a short story be? is Long enough to tell the story and short enough to leave the reader wanting more. But, that isn t the answer you are looking for so here is the long answer. Short stories can be as...

Increasing Your Creativity: Publishing
Regarding agents rejections: If they are saying anything to you about your writing, and not just sending you standard not for me responses, that is a very good thing. Pay attention to their comments and find a way to fix the problem. Agents and publishers...

Increasing Your Creativity: increase
It depends what kind of creativity you would like to increase. If you want to lead a more creative life, but find yourself stuck in a dull routine, there are ways you can break out and set up a lifestyle which has more creative potential. If you are in...

Increasing Your Creativity: Autobiographical Incident, autobiographical incident, childhood memory
autobiographical incident, childhood memory, board game: First you pick something. Then, what ussually people do, is in the 1st paragraph describe yourself playing with the toy, it doesnt have to be a specific time. In the second paragraph you can describe the toy and what it meant to you. The third could be why...

Increasing Your Creativity: annotated bibliography re creativity, meyers briggs, creative thinking techniques
meyers briggs, creative thinking techniques, creativity question: Rosalie Stafford Asks in Category Increasing Your Creativity: Subject: annotated bibliography re creativity Question: hello Milt Waxman -- I am putting together an annotated bibliography of web-publications pertaining to creativity. Wondered if you might have...

Increasing Your Creativity: Better Writing, boxcar children books, natalie babbitt
boxcar children books, natalie babbitt, goosebumps series: Dear Sanket: Well good for you. The world can always use another great story for children. And if you have read Stine s Goosebumps series, you know it can t be THAT hard! A story better than the boxcar children will require: An original idea...

Increasing Your Creativity: Bridging the gap in my Novel, random phrases, 3x5 cards
random phrases, 3x5 cards, plenty of money: Hello Carl: Many people want to write and have some ideas they like, even some excerpts, but they don’t know how to get tie them together. Getting started with your novel involves bringing all this material under control. First, you must decide on a...

Increasing Your Creativity: How to become more creative, computer science course, buletin boards
computer science course, buletin boards, something in your mind: Realizing that you want to be more creative and trying to take steps toward that goal is a good start. Your computer science course is very techical and analytical. Your left brain is responsible for excelling in those areas. Your right brain is more creative,...

Increasing Your Creativity: Cant think of anything, creativity lives, watched pot
creativity lives, watched pot, pocket notebook: Hello Alex! You have now looked upon the raw underbelly of creativity, and it resembles a tiger. Creativity is a beast with a mind of its own. It won t be forced, coerced or seduced into providing material for you. Before it raises its head out of the grass...

Increasing Your Creativity: Character Development, believable character, character development
believable character, character development, fifth grade: Dear Molly: You are doing great, although it may not seem like it. You almost can NEVER create a character unless you can relate to him/her. They have to be somewhat like you, a friend, a character you love, or someone you either love or hate, something...

Increasing Your Creativity: Characters :(, person to person 3, few suggestions
person to person 3, few suggestions, character traits: Hello Ava: You have asked a very interesting question, one that - despite voluminous reading on the subject - I have never seen addressed. And I have the same problem! So maybe you have asked the wrong person. But here are a few suggestions for both of...

Increasing Your Creativity: Characters, driven story, high score
driven story, high score, stage play: Hello Marie: Sorry this is late; I have been in the hospital. You have answered your own question. Making lists, thinking about them, etc. is the way to get to know your own characters. It may be that all you need to do is think some more and make more...

Increasing Your Creativity: CREATIVITY, baby baby baby, eleanor rigby
baby baby baby, eleanor rigby, s rays: Hello Nichole: I don t know exactly what you mean by good stuff, (in whose estimation?), I can help you with creativity. In writing your lyrics I hope you have decided against taking the easy way out - Oh my captain, oh my captain, or yah, yah,...

Increasing Your Creativity: Creative Writing of Story, visit to another planet, shapes and colors
visit to another planet, shapes and colors, life on earth: Sushil, There some basic elements of accomplished creative writing that I am going to cover for you. First- What feeling do you want this story to project onto the reader? Happy, amusing, scary, mysterious, etc. Second- What message would you like...

Increasing Your Creativity: Creativity, calm periods, spark life
calm periods, spark life, brushing your teeth: Hello C.W.: Writing requires discipline. Just like going to work every day. You do that, don t you? Just like brushing your teeth in the morning, calling the doctor when you don t want to see the doctor and disciplining your children until they can discipline...

Increasing Your Creativity: Creativity- story making, word combinations, 3x5 cards
word combinations, 3x5 cards, society man: Hello Esther: Ideas for stories need to be developed before they can be utilized. Some ideas have great potential, others have less; these tend to drop by the wayside due to lack of attention. Your reading can be relied upon to give you a sixth sense ...

Increasing Your Creativity: Creativity., word web, penelope
word web, penelope, wel: hi, well my teacher called it a word web tats where you but a word int he middle of a page lets see for example SCHOOL, and you make a cloud around it and you add things around it connected with a line like anything you think about when you see ha word, well...

Increasing Your Creativity: Critique, distinct personality, college teachers
distinct personality, college teachers, krys: Hello Krys: The problem with taking advice from readers (I assume you mean friends and family) is that while they may feel that something is lacking, they very seldom can tell you what is wrong, why it s wrong, or how to fix it. For that you need a professional...

Increasing Your Creativity: character's unspoken thoughts, stock answer, unspoken thoughts
stock answer, unspoken thoughts, parting of the ways: Hello Tony: I don t believe you will find an authoritative example to guide you in this instance: if one exists, I have never come across it. There is no need to fool with italics or quotation marks unless it appeals to you. My college writing professor...

Increasing Your Creativity: More like a chore, homework load, losing track
homework load, losing track, plot lines: Hello Felicia: Please forgive me for being late with this, but I did not get notification of your question from the site and it appears they just posted it today. This has happened to so many writers, and they write asking if I can help. All I can do...

Increasing Your Creativity: continue writing, becoming a published author, gifted writer
becoming a published author, gifted writer, creative person: Hello Christine: Of course you must continue to write! Even if you have no plans to become a published author, there are many other options and requirements. In the first place, when you get to college you will be required to do a lot of writing, primarily...

Increasing Your Creativity: creating humor in writings, witty person, teenaged girls
witty person, teenaged girls, philosophical ideas: Dear eman: Humor is difficult to write for anyone. I am known as a funny, or witty person, but it takes me a hell of a long time to come up with something funny, too! One thing I have found is that the best humor isn t forced, it arises spontaneously out...

Increasing Your Creativity: about creating humor, philosophical ideas, school newsletter
philosophical ideas, school newsletter, aggressiveness: I FOUND A WEBSITE CAUSE I WASNT SURE SO I GIVE CREDIT WHERE IT IS DUE AND IT GOES TO http://www.helpfulresearch.com/funny3.html AND HOW TO BE FUNNY PT 3 Chapter One: Exercises You ever come out on stage and don t know what to do, show the...

Increasing Your Creativity: creativity help, 3x5 cards, high score
3x5 cards, high score, peculiarity: Hello Laura: You are fortunate in having a lot of ideas to work with. Now, what to do with them? My suggestion is to keep track of them, on your computer or perhaps on 3x5 cards. When you have accumulated a pack of them, go through in search of one or two...

Increasing Your Creativity: MY DREAM, peace and tranquility, metal jam
peace and tranquility, metal jam, money problems: Hello Lesly! So you want to write a book - that s great! Now. About your subject matter. If you suffer from depression and the other issues you list, I would guess you have probably read widely on these topics. If you haven t, you must, because publishers...

Increasing Your Creativity: Emotion and illustration, guitarist steve, kinds of emotions
guitarist steve, kinds of emotions, lyricists: Hi, I am not a vocalist, though have written lyrics. From any type of musician s perspective, an extremely unique individual that serves as a great reference for the question you addressed is guitarist Steve Vai. If you try to get a hold of any video...

Increasing Your Creativity: English Question, four poems, english question
four poems, english question, hopes and dreams: hi,well i think for the free verse you should write about either of the following:how you are pesonality wise,being how ever old you are or the responsibilities/or your hopes and dreams... the ballad could be a cool way you d like your school song to sound/about...

Increasing Your Creativity: English Question, angelas ashes, english question
angelas ashes, english question, hannah: Hi, You could combine differnet parts of the book together or something. You could draw the different ages he is throughout the film (i havent seen the book so im not sure if its the same in the book) and then put them all on the cover. Or you could use...

Increasing Your Creativity: english, stars in the sky, indefinite number
stars in the sky, indefinite number, precise number: Hello Jeff - Of course I can clear it up - that s what I m here for. Let s consider myriad first. Myriad means a large, indefinite NUMBER, such as the myriad of fish in the ocean, or the myriad of stars in the sky. It s used instead of a precise...

Increasing Your Creativity: an essay on 1900, family togetherness, societal norms
family togetherness, societal norms, spending time with children: You could maybe paint sort of a picture of the living style back then and what a person might see from the families who live their. You could also maybe put in other factors that may have broken family togetherness over time; like saying how societal norms...

Increasing Your Creativity: essay, run on sentences, commas
run on sentences, commas, punctuation: hi, well i think you should just think f all the good things the youth does,and make a weblog on that,you should rmemeber your commas,and beware of run-on sentences,you should write int he style as if your know for sure what you are talking about good luc...

Increasing Your Creativity: events in a story, driven story, high score
driven story, high score, interesting questions: Hello Bryony (is that right?): You have asked a couple of interesting questions - are you sure you are only 13? : ) The first involves organization. Much depends on whether this is a character-driven or event-driven story. Which is more important, the...

Increasing Your Creativity: First person, creating character emotions, amazon
creating character emotions, amazon, piece of furniture: Hello Isobel: This frequently happens when a writer does not know her characters well. The tendency is rather than do the work of developing characters, we substitute ourselves. In order to keep the reader interested in your first-person character and...

Increasing Your Creativity: Formal Creative Fusion, creative fusion, tough crowd
creative fusion, tough crowd, creature comfort: Hello Bennett: I am sorry I clicked on the wrong option before. I do understand your question. What your teacher is trying to impress upon you that there will be times in your life when you will be required to write in a more formal style - in other words,...

Increasing Your Creativity: english, myriad stars, preposition
Increasing Your Creativity: english, myriad stars, preposition

Increasing Your Creativity: not just another kid, life experience, real world
Increasing Your Creativity: not just another kid, life experience, real world, teenager

Increasing Your Creativity: how to write right, correct mistakes, spelling errors
Increasing Your Creativity: how to write right, correct mistakes, spelling errors

Increasing Your Creativity: fantasy book, fantasy book, creativity
fantasy book, creativity: Hi Brandey: I am having trouble understanding your question. What do you mean by the creativity of the main character? Just what does the main character lack? What is it you are wanting him/her to do that they are not doing? Once I understand what you...

Increasing Your Creativity: How to finish my works and finish them well, random ideas, vivid description
random ideas, vivid description, d allen: Hi again, Kevin: Ok, we ll work with short stories, then. Writing a short story is quite different from writing a novel or an essay. It s much harder, for one thing, much more disciplined a form. It s like a four-line poem compared to an epic of 48 verses....

Increasing Your Creativity: How to finish my works, rough drawings, clusty
rough drawings, clusty, random ideas: Get expert help: take a course in Short Story writing. http://www.gmu.edu/departments/writingcenter/handouts/avbloc.html Look up CLUSTY on the Internet and Search on: Avoiding Writer s Block. Early on outline your story; if possible Story Board it. Even...

Increasing Your Creativity: focussing on stuff, time david, focussing
time david, focussing, hard time: Everyone is different when it comes to focusing. Are there times when you feel most focused? What times do you feel you have a hard time focusing? Watch everything around you, how you feel, what things might be going on around you that are distracting. Once...

Increasing Your Creativity: General problems with my writing, e mail address, novel attempt
e mail address, novel attempt, hey susan: Hello Ben! It s great that you have developed an interest in writing. You do seem to have a talent for explaining things plainly - an excellent trait in a writer! If I were to critique your work it would cost you. However, your are free to put a section...

Increasing Your Creativity: Hello, stay at home mom, pencil pen
stay at home mom, pencil pen, tree dweller: First of all, the unique ideas that will come to you depend on your depth of thought and sense of idea. If you have those two things, but are not sure how to bring them forward, I have a few helpful tips that might help you increase your creativity, appreciation...

Increasing Your Creativity: Hi, rockets red glare, midnight at the oasis
rockets red glare, midnight at the oasis, train leaves here this morning: Hello Paris: Unfortunately, I know nothing much about song-writing, but I know this much: lyrics are just like any other writing activity - if you want people to remember your songs, put vivid images in their heads. Remember A big yellow taxi/took away...

Increasing Your Creativity: I have a hard time starting..., brainstorming techniques, personality traits
brainstorming techniques, personality traits, art imitates life: Hi again David! I apologize for the lapse in time since mt last response... I caught the flu while on my trip and have been quite debilitated! Writing takes determination and practice for most people; it is a rare few who can tap out a book in a few days...

Increasing Your Creativity: help my story, beep beep beep, mousy brown hair
beep beep beep, mousy brown hair, alarm clock rings: Hello Ivy: So what is your question? Once you settle on it, bring it to me instead of the expert who sent your question to the Question Pool. And try to confine it to a few sentences. I do critiques, but I do charge a small fee. Visit me at http://pygmypress.com...

Increasing Your Creativity: helping with the suspence, high school grades, school readers
high school grades, school readers, twists turns: IF you have other aspects of this girls life in the story, then it will not be about death; it might be a tragedy, but with a few twists, it could turn into an interesting story. High school readers love twists, turns, and a LOT of drama. How old are you?...

Increasing Your Creativity: hey, deepest sympathy, writing contests
deepest sympathy, writing contests, memorable occasion: Hi, sorry, I don t know your name. Firstly, I ll apologise for this being so long. I just have lots of suggestions for you! You have my deepest sympathy there. It s horrible when you desperately want to write, but can t think of anything to write about....

Increasing Your Creativity: hey, miss kitty, high score
miss kitty, high score, writers market: Hello Miss Kitty: Well, what interests you? Do you read? What do you like to read about? I don t know how old you are, but surely there have been incidents in your life that impressed you, angered you or were memorable in some other way, why not write about...

Increasing Your Creativity: Ideas for writting, brushing my teeth, couple suggestions
brushing my teeth, couple suggestions, taking shape: I m sorry, but I don t know any web sites that deal with writing. I do have a couple suggestions for you. Try these ideas out and see if they help you jump start your creativity when you write. 1) Buy a small notebook that you can carry around with you...

Increasing Your Creativity: "THe most important things in life are free", long walks, spending time
long walks, spending time, important things: Hi, well make a writing web first and map out all the things he ever bought you~next make another web telling what you would prefer, like the simple things, explain the things you think are pricless, like long walks/conversation/simple calls to see if you...

Increasing Your Creativity: how can i increase the creativity in my writing, list of cliches, kind cooperation
list of cliches, kind cooperation, bootlaces: Dear Subash: It s madam, Subash, but I forgive you. And happy New Year to you, too. Creativity begins in the mind; it is a way of thinking differently than most people do. Right now, you are one of the most people. Here s what you can do to switch...

Increasing Your Creativity: inspiration, thinking about my life, writting
thinking about my life, writting, jonah: Hi, thx for your question. Most, possibly all my inspiration comes from my everyday life. Like you said, from thinking about my life or even really SEEING who I am. The reason you might be having difficulty with songwriting is because you re trying way...

Increasing Your Creativity: No inspiration!!, aspiring writers, casette
aspiring writers, casette, small voice: Do you have the urge to write a melody and words for a song, or just the words? If you find yourself humming or thinking of good ideas for a song, why not record them on casette instead of trying to write it on paper? Talking is faster than writing and you...

Increasing Your Creativity: inventing names, j r r tolkein, expertese
j r r tolkein, expertese, slippery path: Hello Maram: I m sure you know that Tolkien had a whole language structure to work with in writing his novels (Middle English). He was a linguist par excellence. The thing that made Tolkien s books so great was that he had not only the language, but that...

Increasing Your Creativity: Knowledge of I, dillema, further down the line
dillema, further down the line, high score: Dear Basim: You do not say how old you are, but I am assuming you are pretty young, and still living at home. If you want to write, either for a living or just for your own pleasure, you will have to study for a few years before you can reliably distinguish...

Increasing Your Creativity: not just another kid, high score, similes
high score, similes, cliches: Hello Marcy: You have raised an interesting question. I think all writers feel that way from time to time: as a category, writers are harder on themselves than any other professional people I ve come across. They demand perfection of themselves when perfection...

Increasing Your Creativity: managing my muse!, long periods of time, aadd
long periods of time, aadd, self discipline: Hello Maram: I can so identify with you, because I have the same exact problem. I have started dozens of books and stories but have finished very few. In my case, it turned out to be a symptom of AADD. I am truly not the best person to put this question...

Increasing Your Creativity: Need help with an idea for a short story., fist fight, story assignment
fist fight, story assignment, staring contest: Hi, Your story idea so far sounds very good. You could begin the story with everyone at the school gettin excited about the fight, differnt conversations with diffrent people about what they think of it. Then build up the story until the two rivals are standing...

Increasing Your Creativity: Need a setting!!, harry potter books, fantasy elements
harry potter books, fantasy elements, fantasy novel: Hello Duomeng! As you know, setting is of critical importance in a fantasy novel. So many fantasy novelists fall back on medieval European settings that these have become overworked and dull. The reason for this is that many (even published) authors lack...

Increasing Your Creativity: names, interesting names, whole language
interesting names, whole language, language structure: Hi Tasha. I m sure you know that Tolkien had a whole language structure to work with in writing his novels - Middle English. The thing that made Tolkien s books so great was that he had not only the language, but that language was part of an entire culture...

Increasing Your Creativity: i need advice from the young wise!, valedictory speech, merry christmas and happy new year
valedictory speech, merry christmas and happy new year, arctic frost: That s a very good essay. I would say at the end that once you got over that mountin there was still a ways to go but you are up to that challenge as you were for the first challenge. Thats just me though. Grammer mistakes are like you use we but it seems...

Increasing Your Creativity: new slogan, fantasy character, crucible
fantasy character, crucible, news paper: Hi Maxmelian- (sounds like a fantasy character s name) Anywayz, here are some titles I had in mind: THE ORBIT (depending on content)--- WAKER The New Crucible Seven Gems/Rays (referring to days of a week) The Reef Of Scrolls Dream Drifters...

Increasing Your Creativity: My novel, anger resentment, personality traits
anger resentment, personality traits, writing a novel: Casey: Making your characters easy to love and get close to is hard to do, but once you really get into it, it can be the easiest thing in the world. The only thing - and the easiest thing - to do is to make your protagonist someone that you can relate...

Increasing Your Creativity: Odd Question, odd question, sad moment
odd question, sad moment, high score: Hello Ammar: That is an odd question. It s so vague as to be almost unanswerable, but perhaps that s the idea. It sounds as though they are probing for your dark and terrible secrets, which is a bit off-putting, at least to me. But maybe they are just wanting...

Increasing Your Creativity: original character, new personality, first glance
new personality, first glance, mannerisms: Hello Hannah. Sorry this was late, my email was being a thug. Yes, characters can be tricky. Since I m not sure what you meant by get into your character, I can only guess what the problem is. Here are a few hints: When you are creating an original...

Increasing Your Creativity: orignial, simile metaphor, old slippers
simile metaphor, old slippers, narrow fellow in the grass: Hello Robyn: You are as capable of thinking of words and phrases that impress other people as ani difranco. It s all in training your mind to think creatively, so that what you write is fresh and novel. Prove this to yourself by writing 5 short poems...

Increasing Your Creativity: Plot, tom clancy books, thick plot
tom clancy books, thick plot, mainstream book: Hello Holli: Very good. You have decided you will write a fantasy, and that it will be rich in both plot and character. That is great. First I want you to think back over the fantasy books you have read (I assume you ve read broadly in the field, if...

Increasing Your Creativity: Plot, writing a book, writing skills
writing a book, writing skills, creative writing: It s easy enough. Just write down the bigininng, middle and end of your story. Write down the characters and then start writing. If you can t stick to the plot then just don t. Let the words flow. If your having so much trobule you could try to go to somne...

Increasing Your Creativity: Plotlines, story poem, one shots
story poem, one shots, plotline: The best thing to do about this is to write yourself an outline of your story. Whether it s a novel, short story, poem, ect, an outline will greatly help you. Put down the main points, a few specific scenes you want, and even pre-written pages. THen while...

Increasing Your Creativity: Poem, theme style, poetic forms
theme style, poetic forms, doves: Hey I strongly believe art comes from within you. I don t know what you re feeling about your boyfriend, so I can t really help you on the substance. The only tips I can give you is to try to not be cliched. The soaring of the doves Oh, they fly...

Increasing Your Creativity: Poetry, songs, stories, learning to ride a bike, happy songs
learning to ride a bike, happy songs, sad songs: Hello Alexandra. It sounds to me as if you’re struggling to leave your “comfort zone”. This can be a difficult hurdle, especially as you have developed your own unique style, maybe without even realising it. You are not alone; every writer goes through...

Increasing Your Creativity: Poetry, counting syllables, action verbs
counting syllables, action verbs, blue balloons: Poetry is a very personal type of literature; people either love or hate it. Even those who love classic or modern poetry may not enjoy other types of poetry. My point is that as long as you are writing from the heart and provide a few simple elements, then...

Increasing Your Creativity: PSSA creative writing tips, sentence fragments, punctuation errors
sentence fragments, punctuation errors, fiction type: Hello Betty: I would be more confident in answering this question if I knew how much time you are going to have and what the topic will be, and especially when you will be taking the test, but perhaps you don t know. Anyway, here are some hints that may...

Increasing Your Creativity: Publishing my book, james frey, composition classes
james frey, composition classes, novel series: Hello Katy: Here are a few suggestions for making your work stand out: 1. Decide whether your book will be fiction or non-fiction. One or the other. Publishers will not take seriously a 17-year-old writing a non-fiction novel. 2. Stay in school...

Increasing Your Creativity: Publishing, conventional publishers, vanity publishing
conventional publishers, vanity publishing, epublishers: Hello John! So you re writing (have written?) a book, how exciting! 650 pages in a rough draft usually means a lot of cutting later on - to me, it would mean I m done! I typed into Google epublishers and got 5,900 hits. Epublishing is in its infancy,...