About Experts Sitemap - Group 33 - Page 2 2014-10-21

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: election process and delegates, state delegates, state delegations
state delegates, state delegations, national candidates: Hello, I agree that the purpose of delegates has become pretty pointless in recent decades. Recent candidates have gone to the national convention with enough votes to win the nomination without question. However, this did not used to be the case. If...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: presidental sucession, presidential candidate, bill clinton
Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: presidental sucession, presidential candidate, bill clinton, vice president

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: first ladies, dolly madison, james buchanan
dolly madison, james buchanan, martha washington: Hello, No the term was not used until the mid to late 19th Century. It is thought the term was first used to describe Dolly Madison at her funeral in 1849, but the written record is unclear on this. The first written record, ironically enough, refers...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: martin van buren, martin van buren, c span
martin van buren, c span, coughlin: Hi Sonia, I wanted to bring another excellent website to your daughter s attention. www.americanpresidents.org is put together by C-SPAN and provides fantastic profiles of each president, written at a student s level. I apologize for not mentioning it...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Number of criminal laws, accurate answer, federal criminal code
accurate answer, federal criminal code, title 18: Hi Matthew, I m not sure anyone could give an accurate answer to this since it would depend how you define it. The US Criminal code contains 123 chapters of crimes listed in Title 18, but each chapter contains multiple different crimes. You can review...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: national security policies, national security policies, national security issues
national security policies, national security issues, time thanks: Hi Shane, I m not sure I understand your question. The president responds to situations, not policies. Are you asking what major national security issues the President currently faces? or what policies he currently has? or what policies he should adopt...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Polls, recent poll, fox news
recent poll, fox news, margin of error: Certainly, if they were willing to spend the money, they could be more accurate. But for a 10 second mention on the TV news, they probably are not going to lose viewers just because their poll has a slightly larger margin or error. If it saves thousands...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Presidential title, civil war generals, high crimes
civil war generals, high crimes, us senate: Hi Glen, Your memory is incorrect. President Clinton was NOT kicked out of office. He was impeached, which is when the US House of Representatives votes that some aspect of the president s behavior has risen to the level of high crimes or misdemeanors,...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: political analysis, ecological fallacy, statistical data
ecological fallacy, statistical data, parents: An ecological fallacy is an error in the interpretation of statistical data. This can happen because the data collected is not good. For example, if a person sampled parents of his friends to find out how many children were in each family, and then used...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: presidental sucession, former president bill clinton, president bill clinton
former president bill clinton, president bill clinton, sucession: On the one hand, the question would not arise -- because of the rule that electors cannot vote for two candidates from their own state (see Article II), no party would ever nominate two from the same state. On the other hand, leaving that point out -- e.g.,...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: social studies, justice marshall, thurgood marshall
justice marshall, thurgood marshall, john marshall: Hi Bob, There have been two men named Marshall who served on the court John Marshall and Thurgood Marshall. Both men served for decades and wrote hundreds of opinions. To be of any help, I would need to know which Marshall you are talking about and which...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: ???, woman president, coughlin
woman president, coughlin, injustices: Hi Tricia, I have a sixteen year old son who doesn t even know if he wants to get out of bed in the morning, let alone what he d like to do with his life, so I commend your enthusiasm! I live in the Cleveland, Ohio area. I really enjoy speaking with classes,...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: American Revolution, british colonial policy, arbitrary rules
british colonial policy, arbitrary rules, armed guard: Hi Kacie, You re in high school. Let s say, for the sake of argument, that when you go home today your parents have frozen your bank account and taken the money for themselves; they take away your cell phone and your computer; they move you from your bedroom...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: American Revolution, british colonial policy, british common law
british colonial policy, british common law, social traditions: Hi Kacie, Unlike most traditional colonies, the North American colonies were not populated primarily by local people led by a few foreigners. Rather, the colonists were mostly people of British descent. They thought of themselves as British Subjects and...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Bi cameral in a Super Power Nation, bicameral legislature, occasional problems
bicameral legislature, occasional problems, constitution: Hello, The Constitution says nothing about Parties, so that could change anytime people thought i appropriate. Similarly, the Constitution as originally written did not require the create of districts. I don t see any reason why a bicameral legislature...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Congressional pensions, federal employees retirement, congressional pensions
federal employees retirement, congressional pensions, us department of treasury: Hello, Members of Congress are covered by the Federal Employees Retirement Service, available to all federal employees. Funds are maintained by the US Department of Treasury and are invested solely in US savings bonds. I hope this helps! - Mike ...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Constitution, national ideal, amendment issues
national ideal, amendment issues, weird facts: Hi Ronald, I think the most important component is the guarantee that the people have the right to elect representatives directly. Also the requirement that States shall have a republican (representative) form of government. That principle is critical...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: californian legislation, ted nesbitt, adobe acrobat reader
ted nesbitt, adobe acrobat reader, summer recess: Dear Michael: I spent quite a bit of time finding the law and the calendar for you. Your question remains in my Allexperts inbox, because you did not respond to my answer with the evaluation form that was attached. PLEASE complete this form. It s...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: congress, dirksen center, homework question
dirksen center, homework question, minority leadership: Ah, well, an exam question and a homework question are pretty much the same! It did seem like you were asking me to write your essay for you. Basically, the parties in each House meet separately to choose their leaders, then when each House meets officially,...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Death of President, william henry harrison, president william henry harrison
william henry harrison, president william henry harrison, election president: No, the Vice President would take over regardless of how long a President has been in office. Presidential elections are only held every four years. There is never a specially scheduled Presidential election. President William Henry Harrison was only in...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: ESSAY, causes of the civil war, federal troops
causes of the civil war, federal troops, federal government: Hello, The immediate cause was the fact that several states tried to secede from the Union and that the Federal government would not allow that. When seceding States fired on Federal troops in those States, that started the war. I hope this helps! ...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: election questions, religious conservatives, election questions
religious conservatives, election questions, popular vote: Hi Danielle, You can view a map of the polls at the end of October 2004 here: http://www.electoral-vote.com/evp2004/Pres/Maps/Oct.html You can see that it predicts a Kerry win. Unfortunately for Sen. Kerry, the polls began to fall, and their was...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Government, american history course, legislation congress
american history course, legislation congress, parliamentary system: Hi Nicole, The primary structural difference between Canada and US governments is the fact that Canada uses a parliamentary system. That is, the head of government is selected from the parliament, becoming Prime Minister. In the US, the President is elected...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Government Class, internal revenue service, executive control
internal revenue service, executive control, government class: Hi Vallie, In such a hypothetical, the President would be violating the Constitution. There are several provisions that address this, but the clearest is Article I, Sec. 7: All bills for raising revenue shall originate in the House of Representatives....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: US History, future of the democratic party, fdr
future of the democratic party, fdr, 8 years: Hi Toni, I am not sure that any election provides much forecast about the future, other than who will be in control for the next four year. The Truman victory did say that Democratic Party domination of the Presidency went beyond FDR. But no party has...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: What happens to bills when Congress changes?, 110th congress, senate members
110th congress, senate members, senate version: Yes, the process starts all over again. The bill is introduced, gets submitted to committee and starts all over again. At that point, it is up to the Committee chair to decide whether the new bill merits new hearings. Often, if it is identical to the one...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Legislative Process, financial bailout, direct democracy
financial bailout, direct democracy, hi mike: Hi Bill, Unlike a number of States, the federal government has no provision at all for referenda. The reason is that the founding fathers feared direct democracy. They believed there was a danger in giving citizens direct government authority and would...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Martin Luther King Jr. I have a dream?, martin luther king jr i have a dream, racial prejudices
martin luther king jr i have a dream, racial prejudices, racial segregation: Hi Abigail, Dr. King s speech discussed a lot of vague aspirations, not specific policy goals, so I suppose it depends on how you interpret those aspirations. Certainly, the US has come a long way toward the ideals expressed in that speech. Racial segregation...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: The Political Party Platform, political party platform, party ideals
political party platform, party ideals, party parties: Hi Adam, The party platform is basically just a written statement of political ideals and goals of the party. Parties started writing them in the mid 1800 s to help voters understand what each party stood for. However, there is no requirement that party...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: President, republican national committee, sarah palin
republican national committee, sarah palin, john mccain: Hi Don, Such a case would be unprecedented, but each party has its own rules with regard to how to deal with such an event. If John McCain and Sarah Palin died before the election, the rules of the Republican Party authorize the Republican National Committee...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: about our president, born citizen, additional qualification
born citizen, additional qualification, educational requirements: You have to be a natural-born citizen of the United States, and you have to be 35 years old by the time you take office. That s it for the President. An additional qualification for the Vice President is that he or she cannot be a resident of the same state...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: presidential qualifications, presidential qualifications, us presidents
presidential qualifications, us presidents, thirtysomething: Hi Tamara, No, military service was never a requirement. The second and third US Presidents (John Adams and Thomas Jefferson) never served in the military. There are many other examples as well. In periods after certain wars (such as the Civil War or...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Question Clarification, world merit badge, citizenship in the world merit badge
world merit badge, citizenship in the world merit badge, legitimate governments: Hi Lynn, International law is not really law as we think of it within a single nation. There is no one entity that has sovereign power. Rather there are hundreds of separate nations each motivated usually be self interest to act in relation to each...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: got a question, california governor arnold, governor arnold schwarzenegger
california governor arnold, governor arnold schwarzenegger, born citizen: Hi Laura, The qualification for President are spelled out in the Constitution. A president must be at least 35 years old, a resident of the US for at least 14 years, and be a natural born citizen. The one that usually gets the most criticism is the last...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Recent Bailout Bill, exxon valdez spill, fabric producers
exxon valdez spill, fabric producers, tanker exxon valdez: Hello, It is difficult to list all the pork added to this horrible bill. Senators added hundreds of pages of spending, adding about $150 billion to the cost, in unrelated spending packages. Among the spending are the following: a $2 million tax benefit...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: recession, fannie mae and freddie mac, economy investments
fannie mae and freddie mac, economy investments, free market economy: Hi Fred, First keep in mind that there are many different opinions and interpretations about the causes of the current financial situation. So while I am happy to give my opinion, there could be many who disagree. Recessions are a common occurrence...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: state judges, court web, state judges
court web, state judges, utcourts: Hello, I am not sure there is a very simple way. Judicial opinions are published at the State Court web site: http://www.utcourts.gov/ However, many opinions are never published. Finding a full list of opinions for a specific judge can be rather...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Upcoming election, adam carolla, incorrect assumption
adam carolla, incorrect assumption, jews in america: Lolo Soetoro, Barak s stepfather, was an Indonesian Muslim. But by all accounts he appears not to have been a deeply devout one. He also drank alcohol and was not particularly religious. The fact that he and Barak s mother kept Barak enrolled in a Catholic...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: how to understand constitutional amendment language?, mulberry bush, state ballots
mulberry bush, state ballots, infrastructure development: You don t need to tell me! I was looking at the state ballots in some other states and came across one in NC that said We want to invest $400 million in our drains in about 80 words!!! In your example, trying to make it as simple as possible, the question...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Vice Presidential Nominee, ted nesbitt, sargent shriver
ted nesbitt, sargent shriver, thomas eagleton: Dear Roland: I knew the answer to your question immediately, because I remember the very embarrassing situation. I needed, however, to do some research to find specific details for you. It was the presidential election of 1972. George McGovern was...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: voter registration draft, president nixon, draft registration
president nixon, draft registration, males age: Hi Rusty, No, the two things are not related. Firstly, there is no draft in the US. There has not been since President Nixon ended it in 1973. There is, however, a draft registration required for all males age 18-25. This was instituted by President...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: British Parliamentary system, british parliamentary system, american constitution
british parliamentary system, american constitution, government systems: Hi Glenn, I am not sure I understand your question. You seem to be asking about contrasting a document with a government system. If your question is how the two government systems differ, there are numerous differences between the two. This article outlines...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Constitutional Law, constitution grants, constitutional law
constitution grants, constitutional law, executive branch: Hello, The Constitution grants the Congress the exclusive power to declare war. The President has no role in the process. Of course, once war is declared, the President has the responsibility for the war as Commander in Chief. Therefore, as a practical...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Council of Economic Advisors, council of economic advisors, person view
council of economic advisors, person view, economic information: Hi Bobby, My person view is that we do not need the Council at all. There is plenty of good economic information generated by many other areas of the government, with quite good reports. The Council is generally redundant. That said, if we are going...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: cabinet appointments, foreign relations committee, armed services committee
foreign relations committee, armed services committee, cabinet appointments: Hi Zack, Different cabinet members are reviewed by different committees depending on their area of expertise. For example, the Judiciary Committee holds hearings for the Attorney General. The Foreign Relations Committee holds hearings for the Secretary...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: checks and balances, laws passed by congress, missouri compromise
laws passed by congress, missouri compromise, checks and balances: Hi Nanci, There have been many occasions where the Supreme Court has struck down laws passed by Congress and signed by the President. A relatively recent example of this is a case that I worked on where the Court struck down part of the Violence Against...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: committee, committee selections, party positions
committee selections, party positions, member of congress: Hi Zack, All members are assigned to some committees. The challenge is getting assigned to the committee that the member wants. Some committees are much more popular or powerful than others. Committee selections are made by the party leadership for...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: curiosity killed the cat!, barack obama, curiosity killed the cat
barack obama, curiosity killed the cat, current vice president: President Bush will serve until January 20th; so if Barack Obama became unavailable to replace him, Bush would still serve until the 20th -- the current vice president would not be affected at all. The new president is actually chosen by the Electoral College,...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Early Voting, early voting, secret ballot
early voting, secret ballot, absentee ballot: Hi Greg, Most early voting is done by secret ballot, meaning there is no way to tell how that person voted. If that person dies prior to election day, there is no way to undo the vote. If someone votes by absentee ballot, their vote is held in the envelope...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: elections, southern landowners, what are electoral votes
southern landowners, what are electoral votes, population representation: Hi Ruth, The electoral college was written into the Constitution at the insistence of southern landowners, who were afraid that New England, where the vast majority of the new country s population lived, would dominate the presidency. At that time, the...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: when does obama become "president elect", writ of habeas corpus, president lincoln
Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: when does obama become "president elect", writ of habeas corpus, president lincoln, martial law

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: presidential succession, president elect, 20th amendment
Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: presidential succession, president elect, 20th amendment, vice president

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: The founders and the british parliament, british parliamentary system, british parliament
british parliamentary system, british parliament, shared power: Hi Becky, One thing to keep in mind is that the British Parliamentary system that exists today is rather different from the one that existed in the 18th Century. In that time, the King was more than the figurehead that exists today. He served as an executive...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Government, presidential electors, presidential veto
presidential electors, presidential veto, bill becomes law: Hi Sarah, 1. A state gets an elector for each Senator and Rep, so the answer in your case is three. 2. Senators can confirm treaties, confirm cabinet members, judges, and other top officials, and can also remove the president after impeachment by the...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Iran, d adamo, israeli special forces
d adamo, israeli special forces, barack obama: Hi Michael, There is no question in my mind that the US could defeat the Iranian government in relatively short order. Iran and Iraq seemed pretty evenly divided when they fought each other in the 1980 s, although Iraq was much weaker when the US invaded....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: If Marshal Law, marshal law, electoral college votes
marshal law, electoral college votes, constitutional provision: There is no constitutional provision for the President to declare martial law at all, so there is no constitutional answer to the question -- if a president declared martial law nationally, and succeeded in getting the military to cooperate, it would probably...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Maryland Politcs, african american population, democratic strongholds
african american population, democratic strongholds, republican stronghold: Hi Blair, Maryland has been fairly solidly Democratic since the Civil War. After the war, most southern States remained Democratic. This tended to change after Democratic support for more minority rights in the 1960 s. Unlike most of the South, however,...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Order of the Presidential Cabinet, protocol purposes, presidential cabinet
protocol purposes, presidential cabinet, state dinner: There is an order for protocol purposes (i.e., who gets a better seat at a state dinner) -- cabinet members rank in order according to the date when the department they head was created, oldest first. I don t remember the exact order, but you can look that...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: President, president of the united states, first ladies
president of the united states, first ladies, presidents: Of course the President may sleep with his wife. Most Presidents and First Ladies share a room and a bed. The problem comes when a President has slept with women other than his wife. That has happened a few times too. I hope this helps! - Mike ...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: President Andrew Jackson, president andrew jackson, top lieutenant
president andrew jackson, top lieutenant, martin van buren: Hi Bill, Thanks for the question! You made me do some research. John Catron was nominated by Jackson on his final day in office, so technically he was a Jackson nominee. Catron was a Tennesseean who actively worked for Martin Van Buren s presidential...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Presidential Election - Law, presidential election law, vp nominee
presidential election law, vp nominee, inauguration day: Hi Rick, Parties have the authority to determine the candidate of their party to appear on the ballot. Both major parties have rules in place to cover the contingency of a candidate dying or becoming disabled between the convention and election day. The...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Presidential Election question, republican national committee, election question
republican national committee, election question, bloodless coup: Hi Coleen, Excellent question! The answer, unfortunately, is mottled at best. There is no Constitutional provision for the situations you listed. Thankfully, it s never occurred. I m certain that the ensuing chaos would put the question in front of...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: passing opposing legislations, legal mess, legal ambiguity
legal mess, legal ambiguity, theoretical questions: Your question cannot be answered -- since it would be silly to do, no one has ever done it, and therefore the legality of doing it has never been determined. When contradictory laws are passed at DIFFERENT times, the results is legal ambiguity, which courts...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: passing opposing legislations, theoretical questions, patriot act
theoretical questions, patriot act, legislation: Hi Jon, It does happen on occasion that conflicting legislation exists. Usually the legislature will explicitly say that newer legislation is repealing the older. But sometimes it does not. That is where the courts come in. Typically, if there is a way...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: passing opposing legislations, bush signs, administrative branch
bush signs, administrative branch, theoretical questions: Hi Jon, A variation of this has been a hallmark of the Bush Administration. The White House calls them signing statements: Bush signs a bill into law, then attaches a statement that particular parts of the new law do not apply to the administrative branch...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: president, sen joseph biden, ted nesbitt
sen joseph biden, ted nesbitt, joseph biden: The presidential succession, according to the Constitution, says that the newly-elected vice president would take over, so Sen. Joseph Biden would go from vice president elect to president elect. The country would be without a vice president until after...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: presidential succession, secritary of state, president pro tempore
secritary of state, president pro tempore, president pro tempore of the senate: Hi Crista, The VP is elected by the American people along with the President. The Speaker is elected by members of the House of Representatives. The President pro tempore is elected by the Senate, but is traditionally given to the most senior member...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: presidential succession, president john tyler, william henry harrison
president john tyler, william henry harrison, presidential oath of office: You re right about the activism, Monica. I m 46 years old; I was a college freshman when Reagan was elected. I remember a bit of excitement on campus for a few days leading to the election and immediately after, but certainly nothing like what we just witnessed....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: QUESTION MY SON ASKED, nancy pelosi, line of succession
nancy pelosi, line of succession, dick cheney: Hi Vickie, Per our Constitution, the line of succession would then make the Speaker of the House the president. Over the next three months or so, if George Bush and Dick Cheney were both to die in office, Nancy Pelosi would become president. Thanks...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Re: Obama's education, louis farrakahn, george stephanopolis
louis farrakahn, george stephanopolis, muslim school: The supposedly Muslim school he attended while living in Indonesia was actually a public school. Indonesia is, of course, a country where Islam is the majority religion, and there is no separation of Church and State in the public schools there. Students...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: RI General Assembly, nonpartisan basis, party affiliation
nonpartisan basis, party affiliation, responsibity: Massachusetts has no party lever, but we still don t elect Republicans here -- in this election the number of Republicans in the House fell to 16 out of 160. There are other ways of voting, though it s hard to convince people to change. Nebraska has a one-house...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: running for office, state representative district, secretary of the commonwealth
state representative district, secretary of the commonwealth, worcester district: Dear Matt, I can give you a start, but this is far too much information to expect for free from a service like this! If you go to http://www.sec.state.ma.us/ele/elespec/specidx.htm you will find a booklet prepared by the Secretary of the Commonwealth about...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: spouses of congressmen, dead member, member of congress
dead member, member of congress, political background: A spouse can replace a dead member of Congress under two circumstances: --The spouse runs for the office and wins the election --in the case of the Senate, Governors sometimes have the power to appoint a replacement to serve until the next election....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: state legislation, citizen petition, citizen initiative
citizen petition, citizen initiative, state legislators: Every state has a different constitution, and I do not know the details about Maryland. However, in general there are several different ways of passing laws: -Introduced by a legislator, voted on by the legislature, signed by the governor. -Introduced...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Voting, 15th amendment to the us constitution, voting rights act of 1965
15th amendment to the us constitution, voting rights act of 1965, amendment to the us constitution: Hello, The right of blacks to vote was guaranteed by the 15th Amendment to the US Constitution, passed shortly after the Civil War. However, in the decades following passage, many states ignored or evaded that right by forcing minorities off the voting...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: vice President, walter mondale, nelson rockefeller
walter mondale, nelson rockefeller, naval observatory: Hi Violet, For most of this country s history, the Vice President was on his own for housing, like everyone else. However, in 1974, the government converted the residence of the Naval Observatory (on Massachusetts Ave. in Georgetown) for the Vice President....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Andrew Jacksons views, england merchants, western farmers
england merchants, western farmers, internal improvements: Many of Andrew Jackson s views favored southern and western farmers against the interests of New England merchants and manufacturers. He supported low tariffs on imports, shutting down the Bank of the US, and opposed spending money on internal improvements....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: death of presidential candidate, vp candidate, presidential candidate
vp candidate, presidential candidate, electors: Hi David, If the President were to die a week before the election, the party that nominated the candidate would pick another one. This might be the VP Candidate, but not necessarily. The VP would only assume the Presidency automatically if the death occurred...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: death of presidential candidate, president elect, 20th amendment
Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: death of presidential candidate, president elect, 20th amendment, amendment states

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Governor Reelection, reelection, term limits
reelection, term limits, governors: Hi Ben, Every State has its own rules for Governors. Most Governors serve four year terms, but several states have two year terms. Many states also have term limits. You can find more state by state info here: http://www.thegreenpapers.com/G06/Governor.phtml?v=i...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Incumbency, incumbency, political experience
incumbency, political experience, incumbents: Hi Jessica, I suppose there is no perfect way to measure. But if you are talking about experience with elections, you would probably take a look at challengers who had considerable experience in other elections and see how they compare with challengers...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Incumbency, gary jacobson, candidate quality
gary jacobson, candidate quality, congressional elections: Unfortunately, that may be untestable -- since all incumbents have experience, by definition, there is no control group! However, you might look at Gary Jacobson s work on candidate quality (I think his book, in multiple editions, is called Congressional Elections),...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: John Hancock's influence in the Revolutionary War, national history day, history day project
national history day, history day project, massachusetts militia: There is a story that Hancock commented that he signed it the way he did in order to let King George see it without his glasses. However, that is generally believed to be apocryphal. In fact, Hancock s famous signature was actually made on the now famous...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Lobbies, fundamentalist christians, pharmaceutical lobby
fundamentalist christians, pharmaceutical lobby, israel lobby: Hi Kristi, I am not sure I agree with your premise that these are the two most powerful lobbies, but they do have a fair amount of influence in Washington. The Pharmaceutical lobby is a traditional lobby, well financed by business interests who provide...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: presidental election, electoral college delegates, state delegation
electoral college delegates, state delegation, united states constitution: Hello, As far as I know, there are no state restrictions on who can be an elector. The presidential campaign nominates a slate of electors and the wining candidate s slate goes to the electoral college. Under Article II, Section 1, Clause 2 of the United...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: protocol question, order of precedence, cabinet secretaries
order of precedence, cabinet secretaries, ceremonial occasions: Dear George, There is a protocol order of precedence -- see http://www.dkosopedia.com/wiki/United_States_Order_of_Precedence for a fairly detailed list. However, that is more important for ceremonial occasions. In an event with several government officials...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: senate confirmations, senate confirmations, senate floor
senate confirmations, senate floor, committee votes: Hi Zack, Typically, the committee votes to send the nominee to the floor and also votes on a recommendation whether to confirm. However, the final vote is normally a full vote on the Senate floor. It can be done by unanimous consent, but normally a voice...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Thomas Jefferson, national history day, history day project
national history day, history day project, giving a speech: Hannah, This is a note to let you know that I m working on it! I ll have an answer for you within the next two days. Be prepared that it may not be what you anticipate -- while I marvel at Jefferson s brilliance, I m deeply troubled by his contradictions....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Who is on the vetting committee?, eric holder, presidential choice
eric holder, presidential choice, president elect: Hi Gail, Vetting Committees tend to be informal behind the scenes groups whose purpose is to ensure where would be no surprises when a President appoints members of his administration. The current President Bush is not vetting much of anyone these days...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Congressional survivor and burial benefits, congress members, congressional cemetery
congress members, congressional cemetery, burial benefits: Hi Don, To the best of my knowledge, members of congress receive no benefits if a family member dies. If the Member dies, a spouse is entitled to the Member s pension benefits. There is also a congressional cemetery, although most members choose not to...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: I need quick results please i'm doing a research paper, history of the usa, senates
history of the usa, senates, research paper: I can indeed answer this question but can t do it quickly. It will take me most of Tuesday to tally up the various Houses and Senates and then compare by President. You can help by telling me if you want the whole history of the USA (1789 - 2008) or just a...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Presidents, christian denomination, grover cleveland
christian denomination, grover cleveland, 24th president: Hello, All US Presidents have belonged to one Christian denomination or another. You can find a breakdown here: http://www.adherents.com/adh_presidents.html By the way, there have only been 42 Presidents. The numbers assigned to Presidents are one...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Presidents, president james monroe, abigal adams
president james monroe, abigal adams, james monroe: Hi Lilly, John and Abigal Adams were the first to move into the location in Washington. However, that house was burned down by the British in the War of 1812. The house was rebuilt and ready for residents again in 1815. President James Monroe was the...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: the prez., president harry truman, franklin delano roosevelt
president harry truman, franklin delano roosevelt, ted nesbitt: Melanie: Franklin Delano Roosevelt was the ONLY president to be elected to more than two consecutive terms. He was elected to FOUR. He died shortly into his fourth term, and Vice President Harry Truman became the new president. After that, the Constitution...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: primary delegates?, barak obama, civil war general
barak obama, civil war general, james garfield: Each state delegation has their own set of rules. Generally, though, the delegates chosen for, say, John Edwards are bound to cast their votes for him on the first ballot in the nominating convention. Chances are excellent that the vote won t matter; that...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: State Democratic Delegates, state executive committee, democratic delegates
state executive committee, democratic delegates, democratic national committee: To the best of my knowledge, Democratic National Committee rules prohibit the unit rule, or winner-take-all, in the selection of delegates. This is certainly the case in Ohio -- delegates are allocated in rough proportion to the vote. (However, there are many...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Super Delegates, party chairs, nominating conventions
party chairs, nominating conventions, ohio democrats: Hi Leonard, Super Delegates are either elected or high-ranking party members, each of whom gets a vote in their party s nominating convention. These might include Governors, Senators, Congressmen, party chairs, etc. The unique thing about these delegates...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Theodore Roosevelt, political philosphy, jonah goldberg
political philosphy, jonah goldberg, radical reformer: Hi David, Mr. Goldberg is a very selective reader, in my opinion. I d even go so far as to say he has picked his way through the vast field of TR literature to find that which supports his own pre-conceived arguement. TR was no more a socialist than...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: American History, national public broadcasting, federal perspective
national public broadcasting, federal perspective, miller center: Hi Michelle, I can only offer my opinion on the matter. I can t see a time when our government would change it s fundamental design. As the world becomes smaller, that is, more global in terms of economy, growth and politics, we identify ourselves more...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Cloture Petition, cloture vote, government study
cloture vote, government study, filibusters: Hi Hannah, If only one Senator is filibustering, it cannot go on very long. However, effective filibusters are done by groups of Senators who coordinate their shifts at speaking. By doing this, they can go on forever unless they are cut off. I hope...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Elected Officials/Governor, crooked lawyers, dear joan
crooked lawyers, dear joan, insurance issues: Dear Joan, If you are trying to speak personally to the governor, the odds are that you will not succeed. It is simply not possible for governors to speak to everyone in their state. However, this does NOT mean that you cannot obtain assistance from your...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: George W. Bush, congressperson, george w bush
congressperson, george w bush, second term: Hi Nathan, my best suggestion is to contact your US Congressman s office. That person will have an office somewhere near you; you ll find it in the phone book. The staff working there will be very happy to help you with that information - particularly if there...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: History, michael troy, husbands name
michael troy, husbands name, exact name: Hi Kristin, The Pan-Indian Movement was a movement primarily active in the 1970 s. It is not particularly active at this time and I would not see any particular affect on the current President. Yes, my name is Michael Troy. I guess there are a few...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Path to High Office, traumatic brain injury, ohio democrat
traumatic brain injury, ohio democrat, nothing short of a miracle: Hi Tom, I have a few thoughts in regard to your question: 1. Congratulations on your recovery! I spent my career in emergency medicine; as much as I loved being on the front lines, so to speak, the frustration was in not knowing how things turned out...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: The Presidency, public perception, gerald ford
public perception, gerald ford, ronald reagan: Theoretically, yes. The two major questions would be whether a former president would be willing to accept a secondary role, and if that president had already served two terms, whether he would be constitutionally able to fulfill the new president s term,...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Economic stimulus package, economic stimulus package, google search
economic stimulus package, google search, google: Hi Ron, If you have a question about how it works feel free to post your question. If you have a complaint about the terms, those are spelled out in the legislation passed by Congress. My suggestion would be to contact your Congressman and Senators. ...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: horse trading, corporate boardroom, cfta
corporate boardroom, cfta, horse trading: It s difficult to picture that scenario. Consider this: your wife wants you to paint the fence; you want her to make your favorite meal. Now, you can make a deal. The problem is, you painted the fence two weeks ago, without her asking or without you expecting...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: horse trading, horse trading, cfta
horse trading, cfta, dear jon: Dear Jon, Apologies for the delayed response -- I was away, and had thought I had set vacation dates, but apparently had not. Horse trading in politics is a lot like log-rolling -- I support something you want and in return you support something...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: horse trading, term horse, horse trading
term horse, horse trading, ctfa: Hi John, The term horse trading in political terms is when legislators agree to trade votes for something. For example, say Congressman A really feels strongly about a particular project. Congressman B doesn t really care about out but would prefer...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: line-item veto, item veto power, line item veto
item veto power, line item veto, pork barrel: Hi Jeremy, Congress will frequently pass a bill with several amendments attached, and send it to the president for consideration. Our current law states that the president has three options: sign, veto, or refuse to take action. The line-item veto would...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: i need help im kind of confuse., usa president, puerto rican
usa president, puerto rican, homework: Forgive me for answering your question with a question, but I get so many questions here that are actually homework, and I don t want to do a student s work for them. So here goes: was this person born as a United States citizen? If the answer is yes, then...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Presidential Primaries, presidential primaries, elder bush
presidential primaries, elder bush, nominating convention: Hi Gary, I don t think it is true. Certainly, a bruising primary battle can either weaken a candidate or be evidence of weak candidates. It probably is true that most of the time the first clear nominee often wins the general election, but not nine out...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: political capital, bully pulpit, senator mccain
bully pulpit, senator mccain, poll ratings: Bill Clinton remains as popular as he ever was while in office...but he has little, if any, political capital. Why? Because he lacks the juice to get things done. He ll probably never again hold elected office; constitutionally, he ll never again be president....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: political capital, president bush, metaphor
president bush, metaphor, tendency: Dear Alex, The reason it is confusing is that political capital is just a metaphor. It s a way of talking about good will -- people s tendency to do something just because they know you want it. The metaphor is meant to capture the idea that if you ask...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: political capital, exact measure, george bush
exact measure, george bush, iraq war: Hi Alex, The notion of political capital is that a very popular President (or other elected official) can do something unpopular or risky that needs to be done. He or she may lose some popularity, but still has enough to continue on. There is no...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: abolishing laws, military prisoners, federal prisoners
military prisoners, federal prisoners, federal jurisdiction: Hi Jon, Congress has the power to make law. Therefore, it would be Congress that would create a new law to override an established one. That being said, our system of checks and balances allows the other branches of government to take part in this process....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: abolishing laws, death penalty law, legal hurdles
death penalty law, legal hurdles, members of the supreme court: Jon: Here s the procedure: The President [Executive Branch] may suggest legislation to be enacted, but he must do so through Congress [Legislative Branch]. In the usual course of things, legislation [such as a federal law to abolish the death penalty]...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: abolishing laws, death penalty laws, state legislatures
death penalty laws, state legislatures, executive branch: Hi Jon, Actually creating or abolishing laws is the job of Congress. However, keep in mind that most death penalty laws are created at the State level, not the federal, so State legislatures would be responsible. The Supreme Court, however, has played...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: abolishing laws, death penality, govenor
death penality, govenor, executive branch: With something like the death penality its really up to the states. It would be the state legislature and the Govenor of the state that can repeal its death penality. A state surpreme court could declare it unconstitutional on the state level. 36 states,...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: amer.government and politics today, social ramifications, roe v wade
social ramifications, roe v wade, hypothetical situation: Hello, I am assuming you are asking this as a hypothetical situation since Congress has passed no such law. If this law prevented women from killing the child through abortion, it would violate the right to abortion that the court created for women in...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Candidate death, mel carnahan, contingency plan
mel carnahan, contingency plan, contingency plans: Hi Mark, There is no contingency to change the US election day. The Constitution gives Congress the authority to set, and presumably change the date of the election, but it has never done so since it first instituted a uniform election date in 1845. ...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Candidates and second languages, spoken sentences, james garfield
spoken sentences, james garfield, presidential biographies: Hi Ryan, I take it you re a proponent of bilingualism! The world keeps getting smaller, and it seems like a president, as diplomat-in-chief, should have some command of other languages. I can t answer your question definitively. Presidents, as a matter...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Government, democrats and republicans, natural structure
democrats and republicans, natural structure, reform party: Hi Dee, The Constitution does not say anything about political parties. In fact, the first two presidents Washington and Adams, strongly objected to the development of parties. There are today more than two parties. Democrats and Republicans are certainly...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: government/law, majority rule and minority rights, u s constitution
majority rule and minority rights, u s constitution, freedom of religion: Under the Consitution, the majority has the authority to make all sorts of rules and set policy. However, there are many areas where Congress has no authority to legislate, regardless how how large a majority supports an idea. For example, Congress may not...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: legislative process, debate time, bill becomes a law
debate time, bill becomes a law, rules committee: Hi Jodi, Both the House and Senate have their own internal rules for the passage of bills. The primary difference is that the House has a Rules Committee that attaches a rule to pending bills. This limits the amendments, debate time, and other matters...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: modern constitutional government, constitutional governments, government functions
constitutional governments, government functions, constitutional government: Hi Tom, Most modern constitutional governments have three branches: Legislative, Executive, and Judicial. The Legislative branch makes laws, the Executive enforces the law and runs the day to day government functions, and the Judiciary tries wrongdoers,...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Politics in the work place, annoying coworkers, personal favor
annoying coworkers, personal favor, playing politics: I guess the answer depends on how one plays it. Obviously one wants to curry favor with superiors who have a say over pay and promotions. Failure to play this game at some level could leave a worker behind with less pay or less ability for advancement. ...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: the principles of american govt, national christmas tree, sunset legislation
national christmas tree, sunset legislation, american govt: Hi Stephanie, I would say most legislative work is done in private meetings between members, staff, and lobbyists. More work is done in committee than on the floor, but most work is done informally. Sunset legislation is designed to end certain functions...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: bills in congress, conference committee, joint committee
conference committee, joint committee, single word: Hi Zack, In order to go to the President the bill must be absolutely identical in both the House and Senate. A difference of a single word will invalidate it. A conference committee, is a joint committee made up of members of both the House and Senate,...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Candidates and second languages, spoken sentences, james garfield
spoken sentences, james garfield, presidential biographies: Hi Ryan, I take it you re a proponent of bilingualism! The world keeps getting smaller, and it seems like a president, as diplomat-in-chief, should have some command of other languages. I can t answer your question definitively. Presidents, as a matter...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Jacksonian era, jacksonian era, political participation
jacksonian era, political participation, right to vote: Hello, The Jacksonian era saw an expansion of the right to vote. States did away with the property requirement, thus allowing many more people the ability to vote. This allowed for many poorer working class people to get involved in selecting government...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Justification for War in Iraq?, justification for war in iraq, war web
justification for war in iraq, war web, war in iraq: Hi Steve, Sorry I can t answer your question definitively. I remember allegation and rhetoric, but not a specific statement, at least not from Bush himself. I think the best source here would be one of the many anti-Bush, anti-war web sites. If there is...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Justification for War in Iraq, james madison institute, vice president cheney
james madison institute, vice president cheney, scott mcclelland: Steve: Politicians -- this statement applies to BOTH major political parties, and the lesser known ones as well -- have a way of covering themselves. A lot of the the statements from the Bush administration came from other people, like then press secretary...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Justification for war in Iraq?, justification for war in iraq, how to make bombs
justification for war in iraq, how to make bombs, suicide bombers: Hi Steve, I think you are misremembering. But don t feel bad. Bush said a lot of highly misleading statements that led most people infer a relationship, even though when you look at his words very carefully, he never actually made such a specific allegation....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: offshore drilling, californian coast, shore platforms
californian coast, shore platforms, eastern seaboard: As I understand it, they are investigating the merits of expanding operations in th Gulf of Mexico, as well as looking to the merits of the eastern seaboard, Californian coast as well as the Alaskan coast. People are worried about the effects of oil spills...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: offshore drilling, greenhouse gases, price of gasoline
greenhouse gases, price of gasoline, massive contribution: Hi Jon, Recent proposals to renew offshore drilling means setting up oil rigs several miles off the coast, where the ocean is not terribly deep and oil is relatively accessible. The major benefits of drilling are that it is a fairly inexpensive and easily...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: offshore drilling, political science internet, ted nesbitt
political science internet, ted nesbitt, google pages: Jon: Your question -- well, part of it -- is very difficult to answer. For example, The New York Times is, generally, considered to be a good place to read more about it, but recently, CBS News and The Miami Herald accused the NYT of being wrong on the...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Presidency requirements, 13th and 14th amendments, constitutional statement
13th and 14th amendments, constitutional statement, fifteenth amendment: Hi Ronald, Sorry for the delay - I was out for a few days. Blacks got the right to vote on February 3, 1870, in the fifteenth amendment. Women s suffrage, or their right to vote, happened much later -- August 8, 1920, in the nineteenth amendment....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: president and congress power, congress power, constitutional power
congress power, constitutional power, judicial review: Hello, Judicial Review is a Constitutional power. It cannot be defeated entirely. However, in some cases, the other branches can avoid a negative opinion by limiting jurisdiction from certain courts, or by writing the legislation in such a way that it...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: presidental qualifications, barak obama, snopes
barak obama, snopes, parentage: Hi Julie, Barak Obama was born in the US (Hawaii) and therefore is a natural born US citizen. Even if he had been born outside the US, his mother (who was born in Kansas) was a citizen, which also automatically makes him a natural born US citizen. His...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: qualifications for president, us citizen, citizens
us citizen, citizens, parents: Hello, No, one need only be born a US citizen. Neither parent needs to be a citizen if the person is born in the US. If born abroad, only one parent needs to be a citizen in order for the child to be a citizen at birth. I hope this helps! - Mike ...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: World Politics, atlantic treaty organization, north atlantic treaty organization
atlantic treaty organization, north atlantic treaty organization, entangling alliances: NATO was originally designed to be a military cooperative between North America and Europe to defend against potential aggression by the Soviet Union and its satellite States. Since that threat no longer exists, it is hard to see a real purpose for NATO...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Who becomes President?, potus, canidate
potus, canidate, oath of office: If the elected President is unable to take the oath of office on the designated day, the person elected as Vice President would be sworn in. The new President would then nominate a new Vice President subject to confirmation by the Congress. I hope this...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: the coming of the civil war 1848-1861, northern abolitionists, southern whites
northern abolitionists, southern whites, slave owners: Hi Ursula, Northern abolitionists were focused on the liberty of the slaves. The believed that these people were being denied their fundamental rights to control their own lives. Southern supporters of slavery were focused on their own liberty. They...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: How Our Social Security Got Stolen, social security fund, supplemental security income
social security fund, supplemental security income, pork barrel projects: Let me be clear that this is NOT my area of expertise, but I m happy to answer your question as best I can. Yes, immigrants who have never paid into the system can draw annuity payments. I believe there are myriad clauses as to particular circumstances,...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: budget process, president vetoes, whole budget
president vetoes, whole budget, budget proposal: Hi Zack, The Constitutional requirements for the budget process is quite simple. The budget must originate in the House, then pass the senate, then be signed by the President (or overridden by 2/3 of each house if the President vetoes). The Current...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Congressional Recess, congressional recess, special sessions
congressional recess, special sessions, special session: Hello, Congress has been called back into special session 27 times in US history. I believe the last time was when Truman did it in 1948. Today, Congress pretty much meets year round, so special sessions are no longer required. A hundred years ago, Congress...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: committees, social security issues, appropriations committee
social security issues, appropriations committee, brokerage houses: Hi Zack, The appropriations committee oversees the appropriation of all funds for the government spending. The budget committee is primarily in charge of reviewing the budget and reporting on the budgetary effects of spending. The finance committee oversees...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Definition of an Executive Order, city councils, executive order
city councils, executive order, jurisdiction: Dear Lisa, An executive order is an order issued by an executive; it takes effect without further approval, but executives can only issue such orders within the area of jurisdiction assigned to them by law. So whether or not a mayor could do it in the case...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Executive Order, city councils, executive order
city councils, executive order, legislative body: Hello, An executive order is simply a written instruction by a chief executive (such as the US President, or governors) to employees of the executive branch. Some cities may allow mayors to make executive orders for city employees. Exactly how far an...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Founding Fathers, independent judgments, government structure
independent judgments, government structure, founding fathers: The Founding Fathers did not believe pure democracy was a good things. They believed the passions people would not lead to well considered decision making. They believed the voice of the people should be heard, but that it should be tempered in certain ways....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Nominee Appearances, holdover, obama
holdover, obama, biden: Traditionally, candidates do not make an appearance at the convention in person until the day after they are formally nominated. The idea is a holdover from the time when candidates were not supposed to be seen as actively promoting their own candidacy. ...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: The President's Cabinet, cabinet member, cabinet members
cabinet member, cabinet members, obama: Hi Eric, The main restriction on cabinet members is that they may not be family members of the President. This law was created after Kennedy appointed his brother to be Attorney General. It prevented Hillary from having any official post in Bill Clinton...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: presidency, homework assignment, sorry for the confusion
homework assignment, sorry for the confusion, coughlin: Jonathan, Thank you for following up. Here s the quick answer: if the president resigns from office, he will draw his pension, equal to his salary, for life. If the president is legally removed from office, he forfeits his pension. Also, please remember...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: president rule, presidential form of government, rule question
presidential form of government, rule question, president rule: The US originated the Presidential form of government in its modern form. The President is almost always elected by State electors chosen by voters. The voters vote for both a President and Vice President together on a ticket. The President, once elected,...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: can they really do this, popular vote, electoral votes
popular vote, electoral votes, electors: Hi Haley, Presidents are not elected by popular vote. Rather, they are elected by electoral votes from the various States. Today States select their electors by popular vote, but that was not always the case. Even so, because of the way most States award...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Bill to encourage banks to make loans to poor, community reinvestment act, ted nesbitt
community reinvestment act, ted nesbitt, president jimmy carter: Bill: ***** FOLLOW-UP ***** I forgot to give you the URL for the act itself: http://www.fdic.gov/regulations/laws/rules/6500-2515.html ********************************** It was Public Law 95-128, effective October 12, 1977, signed into law by President...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Declaration of Independence?, life liberty and the pursuit of happiness, political bonds
life liberty and the pursuit of happiness, political bonds, powers of the earth: Ok, here is my rough translation: When there comes a time when people who are part of once country need to break away and form a separate country, they should should explain why. There are certain obvious truths, such as the fact that people are born...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: debt,social security, social security crisis, retirement fund
social security crisis, retirement fund, ponzi scheme: The deficit is actually getting smaller each year and if things stay on track them it will be balanced again 2012. Having China a rising world power hold our Debt makes a world war between us less likily. People had the same issue with Japan in 1980s. Plus...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Election of the president by Congress, midterm elections, next presidential election
midterm elections, next presidential election, acting president: Hello, This issue is, of course, unprecedented, and would likely go to the Supreme Court for a judgment. How they would decide is anyone s guess. However, it is hard to imagine a scenario where this would happen. If no candidate gets a majority of...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: history book, robert dallek, arthur schlesinger
robert dallek, arthur schlesinger, edmund morris: Hi Jon, You ve asked a profound question. If I may, I ll answer indirectly: instead of recommending a specific title, allow me to recommend a few specific authors. These are men whose work made me fall in love with the presidency, and with the history of...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Lawyers in Senate & House by party, almanac of american politics, quarterly guide
almanac of american politics, quarterly guide, senate house: That s not a bit of data I carry around in my head, but you could easily count them up yourself -- both the Almanac of American Politics and the Congressional Quarterly Guide to Congress contain brief individual biographies of every member of both houses....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Presidency, ted nesbitt, u s constitution
ted nesbitt, u s constitution, president elect: Tausha: On January 20, 2009 a new president will be inaugurated. If the person who wins the election in November and then dies in December, the newly-elected vice president will step in on January 20. That s in the U. S. Constitution. It s Article II....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Presidential campaign, republican national committee, supreme court justices
republican national committee, supreme court justices, sarah palin: Hi Robert, That would be up to the Republican National Committee. Until McCain (or Obama, or anyone else, for that matter) appears on a national ballot, they are legally the representative candidate of their party, and therefore don t fall under the Constitutional...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Presidential Funding, personal freedom, family gifts
personal freedom, family gifts, expense account: Great question! Sounds like it should come from a movie. Can you picture the president pulling up to an ATM?! The truth is, the president is surrounded by so many layers of security that it would be virtually impossible for him to shop at all. My guess...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Presidential legislation, figurehead, tax rebate
figurehead, tax rebate, last winter: That four year figure was probably a simplification -- for example, Congress passed the tax rebate last winter, and we got it 4-6 months later. In any case, Clinton was president for 8 years, so he did have time to have an effect. But it is also true that...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Presidential Rule, president gerald ford, former president gerald ford
president gerald ford, former president gerald ford, constitution states: The answer to your question is theoretical; the closest it ever came was in 1980, when Ronald Reagan considered adding former President Gerald Ford as his running mate. The Constitution states that a person may serve no more than 10 years as president....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: presidential succession, presidential succession, president elect
presidential succession, president elect, duties of president: Hi Carl, Yes, although it is unprecedented, if the President elect dies (and therefore cannot take the oath, the Vice President elect would be sworn in in his place. That new President would then appoint a few Vice President. By the way, if the VP died...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: washington dc part of a state?, no doubt, us history
no doubt, us history, guam: Hi David, DC is a part of the US, even though it is not in any State. During much the US history, there were large parts of the US that were US territories and had not yet become States. Yet there was no doubt these territories were part of the US. ...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Constitution, personal liberties, bureaucratic red tape
personal liberties, bureaucratic red tape, efficient government: Hi Stephanie, Some types of efficiency have no impact on liberty. For example getting rid of bureaucratic red tape may improve efficiency, but does not really reduce liberty. On the other hand, sometimes government is tempted to make its goals easier...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Supreme Court Case, history class, calabasas
Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Supreme Court Case, history class, calabasas

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: George W. Bush quote, texas air national guard, presidential biography
texas air national guard, presidential biography, air national guard: Hi Ed, I wish I could answer your question! The operative word, of course, is reputable. It s nearly impossible to find sources about President Bush (or Clinton, or Reagan, or even Carter, for that matter) written without a political agenda. I make...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Influence Congress, jack murtha, general shinseki
jack murtha, general shinseki, influence congress: Dear John, There is no magic bullet here, unfortunately -- it IS tough for one person to influence Congress. The only things I can think of are ways to get some person attention -- for example, all members of Congress spend a lot of time at home in their...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: John Hancock's influence in the Revolutionary War, national history day, history day project
national history day, history day project, massachusetts militia: There is a story that Hancock commented that he signed it the way he did in order to let King George see it without his glasses. However, that is generally believed to be apocryphal. In fact, Hancock s famous signature was actually made on the now famous...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Natural-born citizenship, constitutional clauses, born citizen
constitutional clauses, born citizen, draft constitution: Hi Laura, Many Constitutional clauses do not have records of how they came into being. There may have been many discussions about this clause that have been lost to history. However, one founding father, John Jay, appears to have addressed this issue...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Parallel Presidential Election, green house gas emissions, gore administration
green house gas emissions, gore administration, economic recession: Hi Tasha, It is hard to say for certain what would happen with a different leader, but we can always guess. There almost certainly would have been a 9/11 attack regardless of who was President. A Gore administration likely would have gone after Al Qaida...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Presidency, president andrew jackson, litmus tests
president andrew jackson, litmus tests, rutherford hayes: Hi James, Certainly, there are different routes. The least travelled would be from the US Senate; Barack Obama is only the third man to go directly from the Senate to the White House (Harry Truman and Lyndon Johnson were both Vice-Presidents immediately...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Presidendential terms, william henry harrison, grover cleveland
william henry harrison, grover cleveland, franklin roosevelt: William Henry Harrison died 31 days after taking office. He caught pneumonia during his inaugural address. Zachary Taylor also served about 16 months in office before dying suddenly. Grover Cleveland one a single term, then was defeated, then ran...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: President Bush, alcohol problem, george w bush
alcohol problem, george w bush, president george w bush: Hi Gene, Former President George W. Bush has admitted publicly that he drank too much when he was younger. He was arrested for disorderly conduct in 1966 when he and some friends had been drinking. In 1976 he was arrested and pleaded guilty to a DUI....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: President Clinton, sexual harassment lawsuit, lying under oath
sexual harassment lawsuit, lying under oath, president clinton: The House impeached Pres. Clinton, for among other things, lying under oath in matters related to a sexual harassment lawsuit against him. They then had a trial in the Senate where 2/3 failed to convict. Therefore, the matter was dropped. I hope this...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Supreme Court Case, supreme court cases, us supreme court cases
supreme court cases, us supreme court cases, supreme court case: I am now quite certain your teacher is wrong. I did a title search of all US Supreme Court cases in the history of the court. There have been exactly three cases where a party named thomas opposed the US. One was in 1894 involving an Indian bring tried...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Terms of Office, constitutional scholars, 22nd amendment
constitutional scholars, 22nd amendment, yeas: Hi Jerry, The 22nd Amendment says that no President shall be elected more than twice. It says nothing about the terms being sequential. Some other countries and some States have laws barring officials only from holding multiple sequential terms, but the...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: U.S. Government, president pro tempore, president pro tempore of the senate
president pro tempore, president pro tempore of the senate, house appropriations committee: I guess it depends on what you mean by prominent . If you mean the most famous, the Vice President (who is the President of the Senate) has a Congressional office, although he is very rarely there. The most powerful of the group listed would normally be...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: 4th Amendment, unreasonable searches and seizures, searches and seizures
unreasonable searches and seizures, searches and seizures, search warrants: Hi Krystle, The Fourth Amendment was designed to protect citizens against unreasonable searches and seizures. One of the reasons many colonists objected to British rule was its use of general warrants which basically gave British law enforcement the...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: legislation pensions, retirement age, pension system
retirement age, pension system, pensions: Hi Carol, Senators and Congressmen must serve at least 5 years in Congress (and make contributions to the pension system during that time) to be eligible for a pension at retirement age. Since Pres. Obama did not serve five years, he is not eligible for...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Nixon, economic matters, constitutional authority
economic matters, constitutional authority, coughlin: Hi Bill, I had the answer to your question formulated in my mind, when I remembered another source book I have at home. I ll be able to give you a much better answer with that 2nd source in my hands, so please give me the weekend to get home, get the book...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Presidental Photos, john quincy adams, abraham lincoln
john quincy adams, abraham lincoln, question thanks: He was the first to be photographed while he was president; however, you can find photographs (or the technological equivalent) of Andrew Jackson toward the end of his life. I m trying to remember if I ve ever seen one of John Quincy Adams. If so, it would...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Presidential Qualifications, presidential qualifications, senate members
presidential qualifications, senate members, veracity: Hi Peter, I know of no such governmental board. This type of oversight is generally left to the fourth plank of our democracy -- the press. In both the U.S. House and Senate, members may vote to deny a newly-elected member a seat in the chamber, based...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Congressional buildings, senator everett dirksen, dirksen building
senator everett dirksen, dirksen building, cloture vote: Dear Sarah: The office buildings for the Senate and the House of Representatives are named for exceptional leaders in both branches of the legislature. Senator Everett Dirksen represented the state of Illinois for 16 years in the House and 18 years in...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: George Washington, french and indian war, indian allies
french and indian war, indian allies, geneva conventions: Hi Lejla, Washington s reputation from almost the very beginning of his military career was of a confident leader who was very cool and brave under fire. He is often blamed by many for starting the French and Indian war by attacking a small exploratory...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Miranda Warning, hinderance, krystle
hinderance, krystle, first few years: Hi Krystle, While the ruling caused some problems in the first few years, it is now widely seen as a useful protection so that the accused are aware of their rights. It may make it more difficult for police to extract a confession in some cases, but it...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Seperate States, open rebellion, precident
open rebellion, precident, strangle hold: Hi James, Early on, a number of states had land under their control which eventually became other States. Pennsylvania claimed what is now Ohio. Massachusetts claimed what is now Maine. New Hampshire and New York both claimed what is now Vermont. Beyond...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Switch in party affiliation, open primaries, party affiliation
open primaries, party affiliation, split ticket: Hi Richard, Party affiliation has no impact on who a voter can support in the general election. For example, if one a Republican, that person is free to vote for a Democrat on election day, even if still registered as a Republican. In fact, many people...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Auto bailout, harry atkins, gas guzzlers
harry atkins, gas guzzlers, disabled cars: I think your understanding of the result is correct. However, there was never any pretense that the taxpayers were buying the cars. The system was set up as a government credit to encourage drivers of older gas guzzlers to trade in their cars for newer more...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Bill of Rights, human sacrifice, legitimate reason
human sacrifice, legitimate reason, religious beliefs: The idea is that people are allowed to think whatever they like. Thinking something has no impact on others and is therefore outside a government s authority to control. However, when people act on those beliefs, government often has a legitimate reason...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: executive orders, writ of habeas corpus, constitutional provision
writ of habeas corpus, constitutional provision, constitution states: The President s right to declare martial law is highly dubious to begin with. Yes, as commander-in-chief the President is head of the military and in some emergency situations the military takes control and issues emergency orders. But virtually never is...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Health Care Reform, federal health programs, medicaid payments
federal health programs, medicaid payments, health care reform: Hi Anna, I don t claim to be a particular expert in the current health reform proposals, but I have been reading much of the progress and am happy to share my opinions. The current reform bills which passed the House and Senate and are getting ready...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: HR 3501 Still in Ways and Means Committee, president ceo, members of congress
president ceo, members of congress, ways and means committee: Hi Gabriella, The bill will remain pending until the 111th Congress ends in January 2011. Bills only die at the end of the Congress, not the legislative session. However, I will also say that the overwhelming majority of such bills regularly sit pending...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: health care bill, health care bill, state conventions
health care bill, state conventions, constitutional amendment: Dear Galen, First of all, I have to say that it is very hard to understand what your question is. It would help a great deal, and would show some courtesy, if you could take the trouble to put it into a grammatically correct form. Some parts of it are OK...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Presidents, economic powerhouse, socialist revolution
economic powerhouse, socialist revolution, true motives: Hi Bernard, This is my personal opinion. I am sure others would probably vary in who they choose. I might even choose different ones on a different day. But here are my thoughts: Best: 1. George Washington: although most of his accomplishments...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: political science, ted nesbitt, constitutional amendment process
ted nesbitt, constitutional amendment process, proposal phase: Dear James: I am sorry that you were disappointed in my lateness. You sent your question at 02:50 AM 12/27/09 and I answered it as soon as I got home from work at 11:37 AM. Allexperts advises questioners to allow us 72 hours to answer a question. I...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: political science, political mobilization, immigration concerns
political mobilization, immigration concerns, mexican immigrants: Well, first let s look at the other answers. There are sufficient Hispanics concentrated in areas of the Southwest, southeast, and big cities like NYC to have an impact. In some areas they are even a majority. There is a common language within the group:...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: political science, racial integration, minority communities
racial integration, minority communities, educational systems: The argument was at the time was characterized as an issue of freedom and equality (d). Many thought people should be free to develop their own local educational systems as people wanted at the local level. Proponents argues that this freedom should be denied...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: consulting countries, citizens of the world, policy decisions
citizens of the world, policy decisions, desert storm: Hi Jon, The United States government maintains ongoing relationships with virtually every other nation through the State Department. It would absolutely be a part of the process for such a consultation to occur; don t confuse consultation, however, with...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: consulting countries, length of time, allies
length of time, allies, urgency: A primary purpose of the State Department is to maintain relations with allies by consulting with them. The process is usually ongoing. If the US is considering a new policy, it can either talk to allies about it for years, or make the move quickly within...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Are we a country or a Corp?, gold fringe, code breakers
gold fringe, code breakers, jordanmaxwell: Hi Oscar, You can find a lot of nonsense on the Internet. People can quote facts out of context that are misleading. Your quote from the federal tax code defining United States as a federal corporation is simply a way of indicating that later places...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Are we a country or a Corp?, patrol cars, federal police
Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Are we a country or a Corp?, patrol cars, federal police, criminal court

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: social security, bernie madoff, governor perry of texas
Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: social security, bernie madoff, governor perry of texas, petty cash fund

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Political Contributions, educational campaigns, federal elections
educational campaigns, federal elections, political contributions: Corporations cannot make contributions in federal elections. However, their employees (including top officers) can; they can sponsor PACs (not contribute to them, but pay their administrative expenses) which their employees can contribute to; and they can...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Pres, VP, and Speaker all in same room, line of succession, eric holder
line of succession, eric holder, trivial question: Hi Neil, Traditionally, both the VP and Speaker stay throughout the speech. One cabinet member (it can be any of them; do they draw straws?)stays behind, out of the building, just in case of the worst Tom Clancy-like scenario. Last night that was Attorney...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: political science, science question, branches of government
science question, branches of government, coughlin: Hi Melissa, Please forgive me for putting off giving you a direct answer; it s certainly not my intention to make your life any harder! I feel capable of answering your question on a very general level, but my area is much more in the executive branch than...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: project, general douglas macarthur, military presence
general douglas macarthur, military presence, mortal enemy: Hi Martin, The Cold War began at the end of WWII. Of course, Japan was a mortal enemy of the US during the war. US policy changed because it won the war and took control of Japan. US General Douglas MacArthur became the leader of Japan and wrote its...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: republicans, government intervention in the economy, stimulus package
government intervention in the economy, stimulus package, fear of failure: Hi Marlene, I think the fundamental opposition comes from the idea that Republicans believe that government intervention in the economy will do more harm than good in the long run. First, there is the question about the massive amount of debt. This...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Stimulus and civil rights, stimulus package, new jobs
stimulus package, new jobs, civil rights: Hi Michelle, I m not sure there is any direct relationship between the stimulus package and civil rights. The stimulus packages is designed primarily to help the economy get back on track. Civil rights can and should be protected regardless of how the...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: social security, social security fund, federal bonds
social security fund, federal bonds, meaningful sense: I m not sure what you mean by allowing Congress to borrow. The way that the social security fund works is that all the revenue is invested in federal bonds -- which are generally considered to be the safest possible investment, after all. When you buy a...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: stimulus bill, proper forum, dear john
proper forum, dear john, new money: Dear John, Are you really asking a question, or are you trying to start a debate? If the former, the answer is that the debt service will be paid in the same way it always is -- with taxes or with more borrowing. Of course, borrowing can include borrowing...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Can AIG be tried for Anti-Trust?, credit default swaps, trust purposes
credit default swaps, trust purposes, dovi: Hello, For antitrust law to be applied, a company has to so dominate an industry that no other competitors really have any chance. Although AIG is very large and very interconnected with other companies, it is far from the only company doing what it does....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Cong Staffer Salaries, congressional staffers, cost of living adjustment
congressional staffers, cost of living adjustment, member staff: Hello, Congressional staffers are not subject to any structured payment plan, including COLAs. Staff pay, within certain mandated minimums and maximums, are set by the Member. Staff are not guaranteed any sort of COLA. Members of course, operate...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Political fundraiser response cards, response cards, enclosure card
response cards, enclosure card, response card: Hi Michelle-- The card should have options: --I plan to attend --Sorry, I cannot be there, but I would like to contribute _____ --Sorry I cannot contribute at this time (No one will use the last one, they just won t send the card back). Since...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: teleprompters, prime time press conference, hockey mom
prime time press conference, hockey mom, sarah palin: Those are the teleprompters. Text rolls on them that viable on to the speaker or people behind them. They appear clear from the front. Not all or even most speakers use them or need them. Rush Limbaugh delivered 1 1/2 speech last week with no teleprompter....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: The U.S. without the First Ammendment, mainstream religions, american nazis
mainstream religions, american nazis, first ammendment: The First Amendment generally provides the greatest protection for groups that are most unpopular in society. We would probably see many more laws restricting fringe groups, outlawing groups like the KKK or American Nazis. We would likely also have much...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: 25th Amendment during Campaign Race, new vp, 25th amendment
new vp, 25th amendment, intelligent question: Hi Natalie, To begin, let s make the differentiation between being president and running for president: being POTUS is legal, while running for the office is political. Through the 25th amendment, if the terms were met, the VP would become president....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: 55 MPH IN THE U.S.A., president richard nixon, richard nixon
president richard nixon, richard nixon, speed limits: Hello, The nationwide 55 mph speed limit was signed into law by President Richard Nixon on January 2, 1974, several months before he resigned. Several States had already put such speed limits in place at the State level. The law did not actually mandate...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Federal Reserve and Income Tax, bureau of public debt, federal reserve board
bureau of public debt, federal reserve board, control congress: Hi Mike, The Federal Reserve Board does not lend money to the government. It is a part of the federal government. It is created by Congress and subject to its control. Congress could disband the Board tomorrow if it chose to do so. The Board was created...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: History of ALL RISE, mete out, supercomputers
Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: History of ALL RISE, mete out, supercomputers, grievances

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: History of ALL RISE, exact origins, british model
exact origins, british model, courtrooms: Hello, I cannot say for certain the exact origins of the tradition. However, it has been a tradition in Britain for many centuries that it is a sign of respect to stand when the King or some other important person enters a room. In Britain, a judge is...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: judicial appointments, judicial appointments, judicial activism
judicial appointments, judicial activism, liberal judges: Hi again, Its that that simple as what they are trying to push. Its more about judical temporment and direction of the courts will be moving into the future. You really can not predict what will not be brought through the courts. The courts are seperate...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Lincoln monetary policy, immense sums, currency and credit
immense sums, currency and credit, senate document: Hi Mike, and sorry I ve taken so long to respond. The simple fact of the matter is that your question is better than I am! I looked through the several Lincoln biographies I have in my home but was unable to validate the exact quote you asked about. I...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: New Dollar(coin), u s government to release new dollar coins, new dollar coins
u s government to release new dollar coins, new dollar coins, ted nesbitt: Dena: FOLLOW-UP GO TO THIS SITE: http://www.snopes.com/politics/religion/dollarcoin.asp For many years, SNOPES has been following false news stories and providing the FACTS. This is the entry about the new dollar, and it has pictures to prove...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Human Rights NGOs in Washington, human rights watch, amnesty international
human rights watch, amnesty international, spinoffs: Hmm, that s tough to answer with any degree of certainty. Generally speaking, I d say Human Rights Watch, and its various region-specific spinoffs (Americas Watch, etc.). Amnesty International probably has more effect on public opinion, less on Congress --...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Iraq war, costs of the iraq war, guerrilla war
costs of the iraq war, guerrilla war, afghanistan war: Given the troubles with these two existing wars, the US is unlikely to start a third war. Still it is possible. The most likely scenario is if Israel uses an air strike to blow up Iran s nuclear facilities. Iran would then launch a military attack against...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Power of each branch of govt., 20th century inventions, presidential veto
20th century inventions, presidential veto, checks and balances system: Hi Donald, There is nothing that states it explicitly. However, most political scientists understand that the framers intended the legislature to be the most powerful branch. One example is the fact that Congress has the power to remove the president...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Presidential War Chest, war chest, presidents
war chest, presidents, campaigns: Hello, It is rare that campaigns find themselves with excess funds. If they do, the law allows the campaign to return funds to contributors, user the money for various legal defense funds, or make contributions to other campaigns. I hope this helps!...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: presidents, president ronald reagan, reagan presidency
president ronald reagan, reagan presidency, collapse of the ussr: Hi Becca, The most significant result of the Reagan Presidency was his decision to reinvigorate the Cold War with the Soviet Union, eventually resulting in the collapse of the USSR and the end of the Cold War. This has greatly reshaped the world s military,...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: The role of minor/third parties, majority representation, radical elements
majority representation, radical elements, minor parties: Hi Mason, Personally, I like minor parties. I think they add much to the debate. However, the arguments against are as follows: Minor parties make it more difficult to reach a consensus. They often give more radical elements a voice in the legislature,...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Vietnam/deferments, selective service act, deferments
selective service act, deferments, draft boards: Hi Tracey, There was a Selective Service Act passed in 1967. There were student deferments before that, but college students often had to pass tests to qualify. There were also deferments for husbands and fathers, but the deferment for husbands without...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Bills passed, precise number, accurate count
precise number, accurate count, coughlin: Hi Mark, It s 1am where I am, and I m getting to where I m seeing everything double. In other words, I don t have an accurate count for you right now! A very quick check of the research tells me that President Obama has signed at least 15 bills into law...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Political parties, population densities, dense areas
population densities, dense areas, franklin roosevelt: Hi James, 1. The two party system is so strong in the US because of the way our elections work. Members of Congress are elected in a winner-take-all system in each district. This means that if a minor party could get 20% or 30% support across the country,...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: PRESIDENT'S HEALTH INSURANCE COMPANY, health insurance company, obama
health insurance company, obama, coughlin: Hi Peter, As President Obama said last night in his press conference, he has a doctor following him everywhere he goes! He doesn t have health insurance because he doesn t need it - all medical care is provided for him. Thanks for the question -- ...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Presidential Authority, president truman, emergency session
president truman, emergency session, us congress: Hi John, Congress has the authority to adjourn regardless of what the President wants. However the President does have the authority to call Congress back into session once it adjourns. Article II Sec. 3: The President may, on extraordinary occasions,...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Senate vote on the concealed weapon amendment, unanimous consent agreement, initial adoption
unanimous consent agreement, initial adoption, senate vote: Dear Richard, Sorry about that, I sent my earlier reply as soon as I saw your question, and had not yet read my morning paper, which covered the vote on the front page. I should have thought to do that! So here s the story. It was not technically a...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Abraham Lincoln, lincoln douglas debates, radical abolitionist
lincoln douglas debates, radical abolitionist, salmon p chase: Hello, Given that Lincoln had only served one term in Congress, years earlier, and a short time in the State legislature, he seems today to be a very unlikely candidate for President. However, you have to remember that the Republican Party was not much...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: appropriations, dear michael, adoniram
dear michael, adoniram, new question: You are free to speak with whomever you like. However, if you are not a constituent, many Congressmen or Senators will simply refer your request to your home state. Of course, if you have some relationship with a member from another district, such as being...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Health care reform for the underinsured, private insurance companies, quality health care
private insurance companies, quality health care, massive fraud: I am sorry but but your friends correct. The state option & public option is the same thing in essences. You already know the arbritrary lines drawn in government programs. Would you like the same people who said you make to much deciding what care...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: The Healthcare Reform Bill, universal health care, henry waxman
universal health care, henry waxman, house committees: Ah, I get it -- you want to know who writes the actual language. You are right, the members don t do that themselves. There are two options: 1. Committees have legal counsel who have the training to draft laws; very probably that s who did it in this case....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Honors Goverement, us supreme court, states supreme court
us supreme court, states supreme court, president jackson: Hello, First, I disagree with your premise. The US Supreme Court frequently does deviate from public opinion, and often does so for many decades. The Court at one time ordered that slavery be permitted in the North, even where it was against State laws....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Lowering Healthcare Costs?, http www youtube, single payer system
http www youtube, single payer system, cbo report: No not really. If you go back and look at what Obama has said in the past he wants a single payer system like the UK or Canada. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p-bY92mcOdk This is about the incrementalism. He gets a little now that sets up the ultimate...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: lobbying by corp, citizen lobby, issue advocacy
citizen lobby, issue advocacy, 501c4: This is a common practice. A group sets up two separate organizations for different functions. It is, of course critical to keep separate funding and to clearly segment the organization. If the line becomes too blurred, one runs the risk of regulators ruling...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Process of Passing a Bill in Congress, 109 congress, house judiciary committee
109 congress, house judiciary committee, abortion pro life: Hi Stephen, It is very common for bills to die in committee as this one did. The Right to Life Act of the 109th Congress was one of these. When a member sponsors a bill, it must be sent to committee. The Committee Chair can sit on the bill unless the...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Qualifications for President, william henry harrison, ratification of the constitution
william henry harrison, ratification of the constitution, article ii of the constitution: Hi Alan, In 1803 the United States Supreme Court made clear, in Marbury v. Madison, that the judiciary is the final arbiter of what is, and what is not, constitutional. In the two centuries since, nearly every argument imaginable has been made to de-certify,...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Reading Legislation, wild goose chase, legislation section
wild goose chase, legislation section, blah blah: Hi Elizabeth, Unfortunately, I m not sure I can be of much help. The sad truth is that the text of most legislation is maddeningly complex. The healthcare proposal is actually better than most since it is largely creating new legislation. A lot of legislation...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Republican/Democrat Swap, slavery after the civil war, democrat parties
slavery after the civil war, democrat parties, open immigration: Hi Ed, The parties have certainly drifted over time. In the early 19th Century, the Democratic Party tended to have its greatest support in the South and West (what is today the Mid-West). It was best known for its opposition to tariffs, support of small...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: war chest, senator shumer, federal politicians
senator shumer, federal politicians, federal treasury: No, that s not what I said. That was true before the 1980s -- but for anyone still serving, the money cannot be used for personal things under any circumstances -- it must either be spent on another federal campaign (including donations to other people s campaigns),...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Your answer at http://en.allexperts.com/q/Legislation-Presidential-Congressional-337/2009/7/Senate-vote-concealed-weapon-1.htm, unanimous consent agreement, senate vote
unanimous consent agreement, senate vote, wikileaks: The official Senate definition is at http://www.senate.gov/reference/glossary_term/unanimous_consent_agreement.htm. Or you can get a 10-page article by Walter Oleszek, who probably knows more than anyone about the rules of Congress, at http://wikileaks.org/leak/crs/RL33939.pdf....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Founding Fathers?, military takeover, government history
military takeover, government history, good answer: Hi Abby, While the process which developed into the US government was certainly a collaborative effort, I would argue that George Washington probably had the greatest impact on the development of the new nation. First, it was Washington s leadership during...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Health Care Reform: What's The Rush?, health care expert, health care bill
health care expert, health care bill, house committees: You really need a health care expert for this one, which I am not. I ll just make a couple of points: --Obama did not say that it would not cost more, he said it would not add to the deficit. So any new government expenses would have to be balanced by government...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: legistration voting, telling the truth, inferences
telling the truth, inferences, real reason: Hi Dan, Politicians, like others, occasionally lie. But for the most part, politicians tell the truth. One major reason for this is that if they lie about many things, they are likely to get caught in a lie and that will hurt their credibility. That...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Ronald Reagan, trickle down economics, slow demise
trickle down economics, slow demise, voo doo: Hi Kandis, I m afraid you re asking the wrong guy. While I believe that Reagan had many admirable qualities, his economic policies directly led to the long, slow demise of the American middle class. Trickle-down economics (aka Reaganomics or Voo-Doo...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Washington most important founding father?, benefit of the doubt, revolutionary army
benefit of the doubt, revolutionary army, war hero: Ok, I have to admit that I m a bit suspicious that this is really a school assignment -- but I ll give you the benefit of the doubt, and just point out a couple of things: --He was the commander in chief of the revolutionary army (that s why he was elected...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Congress seating, lawmaking body, house journal
lawmaking body, house journal, seating arrangement: Dear Fritz, Sorry for the delay in answering you -- I was trying to find the answer myself, and I needed a picture to really see what you meant. I couldn t find an explanation of this matter anywhere, either -- however, I am pretty sure, from the picture,...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Constitutional law, health care reform, constitutional arguments
health care reform, constitutional arguments, explicit authorization: Hi Heather, Although one can make academic arguments against the Constitutionality of heath care reform laws, the way the court interprets federal powers I see no serious chance that if the law is passed by Congress and signed into law by the President,...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: citizenship at the declaration, commentaries on american law, citizen parents
commentaries on american law, citizen parents, definition of treason: Hi Linda, I m not sure of the context in which I gave the above answer that you quoted. I ll agree that what I said was a little simplistic since certain groups living in the States did not become citizens (such as most Native Americans or slaves). But...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: constitution, state constitutions, organization of american states
state constitutions, organization of american states, articles of confederation: Hi Rudy, A great many countries throughout history have flourished without a written Constitution. Indeed, when the US drafted and ratified its written Constitution, that was largely without precedent. That said, having a written Constitution goes a long...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: New Health Care Bill, new health care, health care bill
new health care, health care bill, insurance premiums: Hello, I don t claim to be the most knowledgeable expert on the specific bill currently before Congress, but I have been following it with interest and am happy to pass along my observations. In the two versions that exist, most of the new revenues...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Q, senatorial campaign committee, state senate campaign
senatorial campaign committee, state senate campaign, campaign finance laws: Hi Michele, 1. I don t have the exact number but I think there are between 9000 - 9500 political appointees in the federal government. The President has the power to make those appointments, but only a small percentage, several hundred, are made directly...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Research on Subsidies, home mortgage payments, national endowment for the arts
home mortgage payments, national endowment for the arts, phrase queries: Gene, I can t take you too far on this one -- the main thingis to read the Federal Register every day, http://www.gpoaccess.gov/fr/. That will be tedious, though, so the best thing would be to find a think tank that does it for you. At a quick glance, I...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Social policy, government interference, private solutions
government interference, private solutions, private businesses: Generally speaking, one s ideology affects how one thinks the world works. For example, a conservative usually sees the government as impeding private enterprise and wasting money and resources. Therefore, its solutions in social policy usually rely on less...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Political History, ulysses grant, f d roosevelt
ulysses grant, f d roosevelt, 12th amendment: Hi Jason, It is unusual for a sitting President seeking reelection to receive a serious challenge from anyone in his party, let alone his cabinet. When Sen. Ted Kennedy challenged Pres. Carter in 1980, that was seen as too divisive. Many think that it...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Calling for assassination of a foreign president., foreign dignitary, us supreme court
foreign dignitary, us supreme court, assassinations: Hello, Of course assassination is murder, which is illegal in the US and pretty much everywhere else. There are also a series of executive orders prohibiting the assassinations of foreign leaders. Similarly, threatening or conspiring to commit such...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: about health care reform, congressional budget office, texas governor perry
congressional budget office, texas governor perry, unfunded mandates: Hi, He (Perry) based it in unfunded mandates to the states based on Medicaid. It could very well be accurate. The Congressional budget office has it at over trillion dollars not including the doctor fix and unfunded mandates to the states. It only gives...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: health care reform, bipartisan opposition, health care bill
bipartisan opposition, health care bill, state mandates: It wasn t just Republicans who opposed it almost 34 Democrats opposed it as well. I was way too expensive. http://campbell.house.gov/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=2792:the-healthcare-bills-bipartisan-opposition-ocregister&catid=17&Itemid=61...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: health care reform bill, senate leadership, senate version
senate leadership, senate version, senate passage: Hi Emma, Typically, when the House and Senate pass different versions of a bill, members of each house meet in a Committee to work out a compromise that they think will pass in both bodies. However, none of that would have worked with the heath care...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: history, branches of government, us constitution
branches of government, us constitution, british government: Hello, In the US, the three branches are specifically set up in the US Constitution. They are based on the branches of British government, although those are not as clearly defined and divided and evolved over time during the middle ages. - Mike ...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Monarchy and government, absolute monarchy, constitutional government
absolute monarchy, constitutional government, government rules: Hi Sandy, In an absolute monarchy, the monarch has absolute power. That means his (or her word) is law. There is no restriction on what rules the monarch can make, remove, or change. Everyone must obey, regardless of how arbitrary or wrong-headed. ...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Sestak vs. Specter, joe sestak, arlen specter
joe sestak, arlen specter, fellow republicans: Hi Richard, There are a number of reasons. First, Specter was rather liberal and tended to support many Democratic positions even when he was a Republican (for example, he is pro-choice). Second, many prominent Democrats agreed to provide Specter with...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Two Votes, presidential caucus, state constitutions
presidential caucus, state constitutions, constitutional amendments: Hi James, It is an interesting idea, although tinkering with the election system is extremely difficult since incumbent officials don t much want to change the system that got them there and people generally are distrustful of systems that have not been...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: 14th amendment, free exercise rights, first amendment rights
free exercise rights, first amendment rights, redress of grievances: The 14th Amendment was considered necessary to keep State governments from stomping on the rights of minorities within their State. Specifically, it was passed to help former slaves in the South get the basic protections of law. It was necessary because...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Congressional Succession, murtha, members of congress
murtha, members of congress, election officials: Hi David, Unlike Senators, Members of Congress cannot be appointed to office temporarily. They must be elected. Every State sets its own laws regarding special elections. In Pennsylvania, the Governor has the authority to schedule a special election...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: constitution, sovereign nation, military action
sovereign nation, military action, objections: Hi Lynn, It is difficult to say what might have happened in such a situation. Article VII of the Constitution itself makes clear that the Constitution would apply only in the States that ratified it. Presumably, if a State failed to ratify the document,...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: governemnts, hurricane katrina, state and local governments
hurricane katrina, state and local governments, competent officials: It is certainly possible. Much of it depends on the people in charge of each part of government and how much planning is in place ahead of time. The biggest difficulty is there is not usually a single chain of command. State or local police or firefighters...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: hurricane katrina, hurricane katrina disaster relief, katrina disaster relief
hurricane katrina disaster relief, katrina disaster relief, hurricane katrina disaster: First Katrina was a 1 in 100 year storm. There had not been a storm like this since Galvaston TX http://www.1900storm.com/ Part of the problem was that plans had not been prepared for a storm this big. Fema and Florida handled 5 storms just fine in 2004....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: James K. Polk, james k polk, president james k polk
james k polk, president james k polk, texas territory: I guess it depends on who you believe. The issue was that Texas, which had been part of Mexico declared independence and then later tried to join the United States. Mexico never recognized Texan independence and argued it was still part of Mexico. Mexico...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: legislatures, legislative body, framers
legislative body, framers, legislatures: The purpose of lifetime tenure was to insulate judges from political pressure. Since they are appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate, the framers did not want judges to be worried about being fired or having to be re-appointed by those other...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: politics, subcommittees, committees
subcommittees, committees, congress: Hi Josie, Congress creates committees so that members can deal with the large number of topics that confront it. Members with special experience or interest in various subjects can focus on them. The problem is, there are so many issues that they wish...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Speech Codes, first amendment rights, speech codes
first amendment rights, speech codes, private universities: Hello, Private Universities and employers are not bound by First Amendment restrictions. The First Amendment only limits government restrictions on speech. Public universities and public employers, however, are bound by the First Amendment. For them,...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Congressional District? - I'm Military, palm beach gardens, palm beach gardens fl
palm beach gardens, palm beach gardens fl, state senators: Well, sure, you can use any address you want. And there may be some wrinkle in the California law that makes you a resident of that state while in the military, though I hope you don t actually get two votes, one in each state! Another way to see it, which...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: HEALTHCARE REFORM, reconciliation bill, part timers
reconciliation bill, part timers, government subsidy: I m afraid you have to add me to the list of those who don t really know. I can answer on a few of the points, though: --Not until 1914 for any employer mandates. --You don t have to buy insurance for anyone who has it already. --Not sure about part-timers,...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Internacional Aggreement, acceptable behavior, iraq invaded kuwait
acceptable behavior, iraq invaded kuwait, invasions: Hi Ana, There is not really any agreement that would sanction one country s invasion of another. Between nations, there is no real higher power to arbitrate such matters anyway. It is more a matter of what other countries in the world community are...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: legislatures, legislative body, framers
legislative body, framers, legislatures: The purpose of lifetime tenure was to insulate judges from political pressure. Since they are appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate, the framers did not want judges to be worried about being fired or having to be re-appointed by those other...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: overcome, cloture motion, civil rights bill of 1964
cloture motion, civil rights bill of 1964, fillabuster: Yes, a filibuster (note spelling) consists of refusing to end debate. Usually, the Senate ends debate and comes to a vote by unanimous consent -- but if anyone objects, the debate can only be ended by a motion for cloture, which requires 60 yes votes (out...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: presidential nominations, convention delegates, presidential nominations
convention delegates, presidential nominations, presidential nominees: Hi Stephanie, Political parties pick their Presidential nominees through a series of caucuses and primaries throughout the 50 States as well as several US territories. Each State has its own rules for how a candidate gets on the ballot and how convention...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Representative & Responsible Government in America, responsible systems, public polls
responsible systems, public polls, measurable data: Hello, I suppose the key to this essay is how we define representative and responsible . There is no question that members of Congress are democratically elected and that members of Congress largely represent the views of their constituents. Of course,...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Most Important Thing in American Politics, supreme court decision, state and local politics
supreme court decision, state and local politics, political decisions: Hi Amber, I would say the most important thing is the right to vote, democracy itself. It is that power which ensures best that the will of the majority generally wins in all other political decisions. It helps to keep society stable and encourages the...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Interview for a class, economic inequality, necessary control
economic inequality, necessary control, economic powers: Hi John, In my mind, the public good is maintaining a peaceful stable government, where people are free to enjoy their lives, are at liberty to do anything that does not harm others, and pursue their happiness. Implementation of public good comes from...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: census law, civil rights organizations, american community survey
civil rights organizations, american community survey, center for individual rights: Hi Joyce, The American Community Survey is run by the Census Bureau. It is sent to about 1% of the population each year in a random sampling. The survey is confidential and specific information by individuals is not really supposed to be used for anything....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: us constitution, powers of the executive branch, executive branch of government
powers of the executive branch, executive branch of government, army and navy: Hello, 1. The powers of the executive branch are spelled out pretty clearly in Art. II, Sec. 2 of the Constitution: The President shall be commander in chief of the Army and Navy of the United States, and of the militia of the several states, when called...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: factions of mischief, michael troy, selfish purposes
michael troy, selfish purposes, wealthy individuals: Hello, The term factions of mischief is what we would today call interest groups . Basically, the term just means groups of people interested in particular issues for selfish purposes. Usually these were wealthy individuals, who could influence government...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: first 10 amedments, unreasonable searches and seizures, amedments
unreasonable searches and seizures, amedments, self incrimination: The First Amendment protects the rights of free speech, free press, free exercise of religion, the right to petition the government. It also prohibits the federal government from establishing a State religion. The Second Amendment guarantees the right...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Health Care lawsuits, health care insurance, 10th amendment
health care insurance, 10th amendment, constitutional question: Hi Agnes, My view of the lawsuits is that they border on the frivolous and will almost certainly fail. I say this as someone who has deep concerns about many of the policy decisions of the bill. But regardless of those concerns, I don t see any Constitutional...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: marbury vs madison, marbury vs madison, veto power
marbury vs madison, veto power, constitutional argument: If they idea was that the Court could check the power of the Presidency, no it didn t really work. Even though President Jefferson (through his Sec. of State James Madison) was found to have illegally refused to turn over the judgeship, it refused to do so...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Running, democratic nomination for president, election campaigns
democratic nomination for president, election campaigns, luck john: Dear Ashley, By all means, forge ahead! There is nothing in the rules -- i.e., the Constitution or the election laws -- to prevent a woman from being elected President. In the past, because of prejudice, many people would not vote for a woman, but this...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Sojourner Truth and Congress, sojourner truth, abolitionist movement
sojourner truth, abolitionist movement, international prominence: Hi Marilyn, The presidency of today is very different from that of 1870. In that time, the President had far less security and a far less cluttered events calender. If the President was in residence, pretty much anyone who stopped by could speak with...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: strict vs. loose constitutionalist, strict constructionist, constitutionalist
strict constructionist, constitutionalist, taking positions: Hello, Jefferson was generally considered a strict constructionist, at least in theory. Once he became President he was accused of taking positions giving the federal government much more power than he did when others before him served in that office....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: bill of righta, law tradition, individual freedom
law tradition, individual freedom, law courts: Hi Savannah, The founding fathers recognized that rights existed as being self-evident . That is, everyone knew and understood what it meant for a government to protect individual freedom and well-bring. Those rights would be protect, not by writing...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: US Constitution, purpose of the constitution, articles of confederation
purpose of the constitution, articles of confederation, central purpose: Hello, 1. The central purpose of the Constitution is to create and define powers of the federal government. It replace the Articles of Confederation, creating a much stronger and more effective central government. 2. All branches of government are...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: economy, state constitutions, franklin roosevelt
state constitutions, franklin roosevelt, example california: I suppose the answer depends on what theory of economics you subscribe to. Historically, the economy moves in cycles of boom and bust. In good times, businesses take more and more risks, investing in riskier ventures in hopes of a bigger return. Eventually,...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Social Studies, daniel shay, debt collectors
daniel shay, debt collectors, armory: The immediate goal of taking the Armory was to obtain arms to defend against the Army seeking to disburse and arrest them. The overall purpose of the rebellion generally was to prevent debt collectors from enforcing debts and seizing the land of farmers....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: The Spoils System, spoils system, political appointments
spoils system, political appointments, political loyalty: Hi Chelsea, Depending on how you define spoils system yes, most people would probably consider the spoils system to exist today. The idea of the spoils system is that people receive government jobs as a reward for party loyalty and their work helping...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: congressional special days, ted nesbitt, national ice cream day
ted nesbitt, national ice cream day, commemorative days: Dear Kirby: The official and best record of these days is published each year. It s name is Chase s Calendar of Events. You can probably find it in the reference collection of your local library. It is expensive and it is NOT available online....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: dollar value, current national debt, minor sources
current national debt, minor sources, government fund: Hello, The current debt is about $13.3 Trillion. This number may be a little misleading since a portion of that debt is money owed from one US government fund to another. If you subtract out the money owed to other government funds, the total debt is...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Ref: question, jean jacques rousseau, social contract theory
jean jacques rousseau, social contract theory, radical thinkers: Generally governments are not established by persuasion and logic. They are established by power. Leaders develop the loyalty of men because they prove themselves to be effective leaders, usually at least at first by leading men to victory in battle. Leaders...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: recent law re: wall street & financial items, olympia snowe, republican senators
olympia snowe, republican senators, gov web: Hi Donna, You can read a good summary of the bill here: http://www.toughtimesforlenders.com/uploads/file/S&J%20Summary%20of%20the%20House%20Senate%20Conference%20committee%20Financial%20Regulatory%20Reform%20bill;%20Dodd-Frank%20Wall%20Street%20Reform%20and%20Consumer%20Protection%20Act%20June%202010.pdf...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Election 2010, federal election commission, bush tax cuts
federal election commission, bush tax cuts, minority whip: I am not aware of any. Most sites or other organizations that cover political matters don t cover political positions in any sort of comprehensive matter. This is, in part, because many officials take positions that obscure their true intent, or have not...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Who is the guy in pic?, cyber pirates, real person
cyber pirates, real person, final destination: It is not someone I recognise but as Wikipedia defines Cyber Pirates as : It was the online hacking event highly popular in the computer world hosted by an Indian university wherwe the contestants had to search for clues and encrypt and decode the website...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: propositions, same sex marriage, voter initiatives
same sex marriage, voter initiatives, district court judge: Hello, In most states, voter initiatives can overrule laws. In the case of California s Prop. 8, the proposition amended the State Constitution to prevent same sex marriage. This was after the State Supreme Court had ruled such marriages constitutional....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: propositions, same sex marriage, prop 187
same sex marriage, prop 187, ballot questions: David, Well, first of all, propositions and ballot questions are matters of state law. There is no such thing on the national level, and not all states have them. So the specifics depend on the state -- for example, a few years ago California passed a law...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Sergeant At Arms, contempt of congress, sergeant of arms
contempt of congress, sergeant of arms, preston brooks: Hi Luke, For the most part, the Sergeant of Arms is an honorary position. Both the House and Senate have their own, elected by a majority of their respective bodies. Each Sergeant has a large professional staff that perform all sorts of jobs, from assigning...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Census data by congressional district, almanac of american politics, census data
almanac of american politics, census data, census bureau: Hi Arthur, You can get some of this information by congressional district through the Census Bureau s web site here: http://fastfacts.census.gov/servlet/CWSFacts?geo_id=04000US42&_sse=on/ However, this is still based on the 2000 census, and the data...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: health care policy topic, health insurance premiums, health care law
health insurance premiums, health care law, health care policy: Hi Kay, There is lots of info on the health care law passed by Congress last year. You probably want to cover something about the new law, such as: How it will affect coverage, Whether it will increase or decrease health insurance premiums, How...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Congress Illness, giffords, members of congress
giffords, members of congress, congressperson: Hello, There is no requirement that members of Congress do anything, other than get reelected every two years. Congress has the ability to expel members by vote, but I could not see that happening. Unless Rep. Giffords resigns, she will likely serve out...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Direct Popular Vote, electoral college votes, foregone conclusions
electoral college votes, foregone conclusions, republican states: Hello, Personally, I don t support moving away from the Electoral college and moving to a direct vote for President. But since you ask about the reasons in favor of direct voting, I m happy to oblige. The biggest argument in favor of a direct vote is...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: US Government, european aristocrats, economic equality
european aristocrats, economic equality, american founding: Hello, The Revolution was not at all about economic equality. It was about liberty. The founding fathers often criticized the extravagant wealth of European aristocrats and commented on the deep poverty of many European peasants. They recognized that...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: political science, terminology etc, ethical egoism, preparing for the lsat
ethical egoism, preparing for the lsat, poli sci: Hello, Building up one s vocabulary in college is critical to growth. I hate to sound discouraging, but the number arcane legal terms that will be thrown at you in your first year of law school will make your current struggles seem easy by comparison....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: 2012 republican elections, campaign managers, populous state
campaign managers, populous state, payam: For more than 50 years, the conventions have been relatively pointless. If one candidate has more than 50% of the delegates, there is virtually no question of the outcome. The delegates come to the convention, cast their votes, and the candidate becomes...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: New Jersey's Legislatures, state representitive, joseph biden
state representitive, joseph biden, congress member: Hello, 1. NJ has 13 members of Congress. You can find a list of them here: http://www.house.gov/representatives/#state_nj 2. There are 80 State Representatives in the General Assembly and 40 State Senators in the State Senate. You can find their...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Republican 2012 primaries, state election laws, state delegates
state election laws, state delegates, national nominating convention: I ve never actually been to a caucus, and the law does not specify. But my understanding is that there is a precinct captain that gets things organized. As a voter in the precinct that person has a right to vote. In primaries, voters vote for one candidate...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Is the Sec of State prohibited from being on the Presidential ticket in an upcoming election?, hatch act, time debbie
hatch act, time debbie, hillary clinton: Hi Debbie, As an unelected government official, Sec. Clinton is covered by the Hatch Act. This prohibits federal employees from running for elected office and engaging in certain other political activities. Of course, if Sec. Clinton chose to resign as...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Congress & Civil Rights, reconstruction timeline, civil rights act of 1871
reconstruction timeline, civil rights act of 1871, civil rights movements: First here an overview of of the three civil rights movements in history. Reconstruction http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/reconstruction/timeline.html http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Civil_Rights_Act_of_1871 Sufferage http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Women%27s_suffrage_in_the_United_States...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Congress & Civil Rights, civil rights gay rights
civil rights gay rights: Hi Hannah, Civil Rights are rights created by law that people have based on membership in that society. Unlike natural rights, which are inherent rights granted to all people everywhere, civil rights differ from country to country and from time period...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Congressional Office/staff, congressional office, ted kennedy
congressional office, ted kennedy, murtha: The office is usually kept open until the replacement for the deceased person is sworn in. Much of the work of a congressional office involves helping people from the state or district who have problems, so someone needs to be there to do that. Of course,...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Lobbying in the US, pro gun control, pharmaceutical lobby
pro gun control, pharmaceutical lobby, gun bill: Just to be clear, if you are lobbying on your own behalf, you are usually not considered a lobbyist. A lobbyist is someone who is paid to advocate on behalf of someone else. I don t think there is anything inherently wrong with making contributions based...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: The 2010 Census and its impact on congressional districting., majority party, legislatures
majority party, legislatures, redistricting: Hello, After a census, legislatures re-draw their districts in order to accommodate changing populations. Areas where populations have grown get more representation, and areas wehre they are shrinking get less. The big debate is usually over the details...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Donald Rumsfeld, donald rumsfeld, kennedy administration
donald rumsfeld, kennedy administration, jfk: Hello, I m not specifically aware of any photo, but Donald Rumsfeld was elected to Congress during the Kennedy Administration. It is certainly likely that the Congressman might have been at events with the President and been photographed. - Mike ...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Branches of Government, ted nesbitt, legislative law
ted nesbitt, legislative law, executive law: Dear Nathan: From the home page of The White House: The President is responsible for implementing and enforcing the laws written by Congress and, to that end, appoints the heads of the federal agencies, including the Cabinet. The Executive Branch...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: CIVIL WAR+DEM VS RPUBLICANS, improving commerce, congress senate
improving commerce, congress senate, political scientists: Hi Larry, I m not sure that the Civil War is really much of a relevant influence. Perhaps to some extent, the Civil War is an example to some of big government s ability to force people or States to conform to a behavior they oppose. For this reason,...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Thomas Jefferson, alien and sedition acts, professional army
alien and sedition acts, professional army, louisiana territory: Hi John, Jefferson actually began his presidency in 1801, not 1800. Three important issues for the new President were reducing the size of government and the national debt, repealing the Alien and Sedition Acts, and shrink the size of the military. ...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, consumer protection act, contempt of congress
consumer protection act, contempt of congress, statutory mandates: Hi Greg, Unfortunately, this is not unusual. Regulatory agencies often fail to comply with statutory mandates. Congress always has the authority to hold hearings and demand answers as to why agencies have failed to comply. Ultimate authority lies with...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Government rumors, fox news, united states constitution
fox news, united states constitution, military retirees: Hello, No, this is not true. There certainly is a disparity between what retired members of Congress get, and what military retirees get, but what is described here is exaggerated or inaccurate. First, in order to receive a full Congressional pension,...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: help, southern plantations, world consumption
southern plantations, world consumption, cotton gin: Hello, Essentially, the south was a series of diverse farming communities in their early years. The primary cash crop was tobacco, but many other foods and dyes were common as well. When Eli Whitney developed the cotton gin, making it much cheaper and...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: The Oath Of Office, impeachment process, michael troy
impeachment process, michael troy, tital: Hi Christina, The only method for this is impeachment. If a President has violated his duties and obligations, the House of Representatives may vote to impeach. If they do, a trial is held in the Senate with the Chief Justice officiating. A 2/3 vote...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: The Presidency, president elect, outgoing president
president elect, outgoing president, oath of office: Hi Mark, In the US, the transition is automatic. The outgoing President automatically ends at noon on Jan. 20th after an election. On that same day, promptly at noon, the new President elect takes the oath of office and becomes President. There is no...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: US President, members of the executive branch, political appointees
members of the executive branch, political appointees, sovereign entities: Hello, No, Constitutionally, states are separate sovereign entities from the federal government. No federal officer can force a State official to resign. Most, if not all, States have a system similar to that at the federal level where a State legislature...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Presidental protocol, sec of defense, hilary clinton
sec of defense, hilary clinton, cabinet members: There s a flaw here -- you can t be elected Vice President unless you are eligible to be President, so the problem you are envisaging cannot arise. That said, the Speaker of the House is next in line after the Vice President. Then the President Pro Temporer...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Abe Lincoln photo, young abe lincoln, abe lincoln
young abe lincoln, abe lincoln, lincoln photo: Some guy bought an old photo album with a bunch of photos of 19th century figures in it. This photo was in that album. The album also had other photos of Lincoln and family. Based pretty much on that, this guy says he thinks this could be a photo of Lincoln...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Congressional retirement benefits, generous retirement benefits, federal employees retirement system
generous retirement benefits, federal employees retirement system, congressman weiner: Hello, Assuming the Congressman has paid into the Federal Employees Retirement System pension plan since he first joined congress in 1999, then he would be eligible for a pension. Given his pay as a Congressman and years of service, he would get about...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Legislation, nomination petition, catherine shaw
nomination petition, catherine shaw, local elections: Dear Trymaine, You ve got plenty of time. There are several things you should do; I will list only three. 1. If you don t know already, find out who your current state representative is, and study his or her record. If you don t know them already, it...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: College political science, campaign finance rules, electoral politics
campaign finance rules, electoral politics, political science: Hello, While a Political Science major includes some study of contemporary political issues, a great deal of it is learning how government works. For example, you might learn details on the legislative process, how committees and subcommittees work, how...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: US Congress, Senate and the Presidency, barbara sinclair, congress senate
barbara sinclair, congress senate, clean air act: There are actually two answers to this question, people disagree: 1. At the Constitutional Convention, there was tension between big states and small states. Big states wanted a legislatue based on population, small states wanted one where states would...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: congressional campaign funds, course transfers, court interpretations
course transfers, court interpretations, law restrictions: Hello, Unfer Federal law, candidates may transfer campaign funds from one campaign to another if the same person is running in the new campaign. This can include a run for State office such as Governor. Of course, transfers in such a case, would also...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Failure of democratic system, society initiative, economic benefit
society initiative, economic benefit, man on the moon: Hello, That is a pretty broad question. I guess a lot depends on how you define democracy and how you define failed. From a pure political science definition, there really are not any active democracies. A democracy is defined as direct rule by the...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: partisan nature of the court, political orientation, legal philosophy
political orientation, legal philosophy, partisan nature: Well, you d have to define partisan, and I m not sure that there is a usually - the Supreme Court changes all the time. What is true is that on many issues there are liberal and conservative blocs that split consistently 5-4. Many people argued that the...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Ronald Reagan, president ronald reagan, ronald reagan
president ronald reagan, ronald reagan, trivia question: Hi James, I know that in making one movie (Secret Service of the Air, 1939) Reagan accidentally punched a stuntman, knocking him out cold. The next day during shooting, another stuntman, who was a friend of the first one, gave Reagan a black eye. It...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Deficit, medicare trust funds, social security and medicare
medicare trust funds, social security and medicare, welfare costs: Hello, You are correct that from 1998 - 2001 the federal government actually ran a small surplus. However, even in those years, budgets were only balanced by borrowing excess funds from the Social Security and Medicare trust funds. If you count that those...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Election Primaries, primaries and caucuses, presidential primaries
primaries and caucuses, presidential primaries, national spotlight: Hello, First, I m assuming you are talking about Presidential primaries. If you are interested in more info on primaries for other offices, let me know. The primary structure has evolved over several centuries. The Constitution does not say anything...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: law, rough approximation, domestic origin
rough approximation, domestic origin, peaceful assembly: Dear Caleb, I m not an expert on law -- you may want to ask one. But I ll take a stab at it: 1. The police have a general power to close off areas in the interest of public safety. I don t know the details about the White House, but a rough approximation...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: REP. IN CONGRESS, social security retirement, member of congress
social security retirement, member of congress, plan members: Hello, A Member of Congress is eligible for a pension after 5 years of service. However, to begin collecting that pension, he/she has to be at least 62 years old. A member who has completed 20 years of service may begin collecting at age 50. A member...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: checks and balances, medicaid funds, roe v wade
medicaid funds, roe v wade, checks and balances: No. The Constitution (along with treaties that have been signed and ratified) is the supreme law of the land. Congress cannot change it with a statute, only by proposing an amendment, which must then be ratified by the states. What Congress can do - and...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: checks and balances, president andrew jackson, roe v wade
president andrew jackson, roe v wade, indian tribes: Hi David, Because the Court was interpreting the Constitution, it cannot be overturned except if the Court changes its mind and reverses itself. The decision is not simply a law, but deemed to be part of the Constitution, just like rights we find explicitly,...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Declarations of war, covert projects, declarations of war
covert projects, declarations of war, congress need: Hi Carl, The Constitutionality of war powers is widely debated. The Supreme Court has said relatively little on the matter, so it is generally a matter of dispute. That said, in practice Congress give a great amount of latitude to the President as Commander...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: election war chests, war chests, federal campaigns
war chests, federal campaigns, federal treasury: If it s a federal campaign, the campaign fund continues to exist. The money can be spent on contributions to other federal campaigns, or can be used if the politician runs for another fedral office. It cannot be used to run for a state office. Ultimately,...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: election war chests, war chests, question pool
war chests, question pool, good question: That is a very good question, and I shall admit that I am afraid I have no idea. My advice would be to send this question to me again and I shall send it to the Question Pool where I hope someone will be able to answer (as I for one would be interested to...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Thomas Jefferson Hypocrisy, ratification debates, strict constructionist
ratification debates, strict constructionist, exemplary papers: Hi Sam, I m not sure what you mean by opposing the Constitution. Jefferson was never really an opponent of the Constitution. He was serving as Ambassador to France at the time of the Convention. While he expressed some concerns about specific passages...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Commerce Clause, interstate commerce clause, california standards
interstate commerce clause, california standards, gas prices: Hi Allison, Under the Interstate Commerce Clause, California may not prohibit the import of gasoline from other States. However, what it can do is require a gasoline mix that is more environmentally friendly that other neighboring States require. This...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Fourth Amendment applying to corporations, fire marshals, surprise inspections
fire marshals, surprise inspections, city of seattle: Hi Allison, It s a good question. The reason is that the Courts have not laid out very clear rules with respect to the protections of the Fourth Amendment and different agencies understand it differently. The Fourth Amendment prohibits unreasonable...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Indians, president andrew jackson, tribal treaties
president andrew jackson, tribal treaties, hi lauren: Hi Lauren, Different branches held different levels of support at different time periods. Probably during the 19th century overall, I would say the courts were probably the most most pro-Indian, but also probably had the least influence on Indian policy....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Info on the members of the Electoral College, florida statues, florida department of state
florida statues, florida department of state, electors: Dear Luis, The members of the Electoral College have not been chosen yet. Each party has nominated a slate of Electors, and whichever party wins the state will have its slate of Electors installed. I can t find their names on the web, but if you call the...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Lobbying and intrest groups inhibit democracy, intrest groups, legislative votes
intrest groups, legislative votes, responsive government: Hello, The main argument is that such professionals disproportionately affect government policy. Democracy is generally defined as rule by the majority. Typically, this is understood to mean that if a majority of people want something, a responsive government...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: problems using tort law: Boomer v Atlantic Cement Company, court injunction, pollution cases
court injunction, pollution cases, cement company: Hi Allison, In that case, an injunction was denied at trial court but then granted on appeal. However, even the appeal court injunction said it would not continue if the defendant paid damages to the plaintiffs. This was a clear departure from settled...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Requirements of Oath of Office / Constitution, federal legislators, federalist papers
federal legislators, federalist papers, authoritative documents: Hello, Presumably most government officials have a general understanding of the Constitution and how it works. But when it gets to details about how various situations are applied to Constitutional law, there is disagreement even among people who know...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Hypothetical Presidential election scenario, electoral college vote, electoral college votes
electoral college vote, electoral college votes, legal justification: Hello, Even if a President elect were disabled, there is no legal justification that could challenge the election. A disabled President still meets the qualifications for office. Even if the President elect died or was otherwise ineligible to take office,...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Question, george bush junior, barack obama
george bush junior, barack obama, u s presidents: Dear Plamen: There have been 14 presidents who have been TWICE elected to full terms: There were thirteen who served for two full terms, and Barack Obama who was just elected for his second four-year term: 1. George Washington 2. Thomas Jefferson...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: POLITICAL PARTIES, federalist party, party insiders
federalist party, party insiders, american nazi: First the Electoral Colleges has nothing to primary elections. It has nothing to do with Gerrymandering which district lines that favor a party by State Houses after the census. Your correct there were no political parties mentioned in the constitution....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: SUPERIOR COURTS, case precedents, content discrimination
case precedents, content discrimination, political broadcasts: Hi Tom, I think the recent decision to which you refer found unconstitutional a statute that banned playing radio music a too loud a level. The Florida Supreme Court was affirming an appeal of a lower court Decision. It is the highest court in the State....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Roosevelt and Wilsosn, barack obama, historyonthenet
barack obama, historyonthenet, academic view: I think TR was bit more of a realist with a Nationalistic underpinning. He was proactive and prevented problems. There some historian believe Roosevelt been elected in 1912 WWI could have been defused. He knew Kings and Emperors and knew how to deal this...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Route of the Romans, land army, little islands
land army, little islands, mike thanks: The Romans were primarily a land army. They tended to move and fight over land. There are a few occasions of them developing fleets. Rome used fleets to invade England and also Egypt. But Roman fleets did not typically travel the oceans in great numbers....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: War chest, war chest, campaign staff
war chest, campaign staff, campaign funds: Hello, Different States have different laws regarding use of campaign funds. Generally speaking, candidates may not use funds for personal use, even if they retire. Funds may be donated to other campaigns or used for other campaign related expenses only....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: judicial review, supreme court original jurisdiction, chief justice marshall
supreme court original jurisdiction, chief justice marshall, marbury vs madison: Hi Alison, Marbury and his co-plaintiffs went directly to the Supreme Court because the Judiciary act gave that court original jurisdiction over the matter. Original jurisdiction means that the court should be the first to hear the case (as opposed to...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Protocol, member of congress, members of congress
member of congress, members of congress, protocol: First of all, I don t actually know the official protocol, but rather than decline to answer let me make a couple of suggestions: 1. First of all, since you know a member is attending in person, I guess you must be in touch with that member s scheduler,...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Romney Care & Health Insurance Mandate, federal government power, federal constitution
federal government power, federal constitution, massachusetts law: Hi Luis, The challenge before the Supreme Court to the Affordable Care Act ( Obamacare ) is based on the idea in the Constitution that the Federal government has limited powers. It can only do things explicitly authorized in the Constitution. The Obama...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Supreme Court Cases, minimum wage laws, supreme court decisions
minimum wage laws, supreme court decisions, supreme court cases: The Jacksonian era was not really known for many reforms. Many States broadened voting rights during that era, doing away with property requirements. One could argue that closing the bank of the US was a reform to help reduce concentrated wealth and power....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Arizona Immigration Law, elena kagan, supreme court justices
elena kagan, supreme court justices, supreme court cases: Hi Allison, If the Court is divided 4-4, the ruling from the lower court (in this case the 9th Circuit s decision) is upheld. In this case, that means that much of the law will be struck down. Supreme Court Justices pretty much decide for themselves...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Obama & Clinton, rachel maddow, sen obama
rachel maddow, sen obama, election republicans: It is extremely rare for someone to challenge an incumbent President from their own party. The last time a serious challenge was made was when Ted Kennedy challenged Jimmy Carter in 1980. Such challenges are almost never successful and only make the incumbent...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: The Sit Room, national security adviser, chairman of the joint chiefs
national security adviser, chairman of the joint chiefs, missile launch: Hi Richard, Typically, such situations arise suddenly and without much warning. It is a common problem that key players may not be available for such meetings. So there could be many reasons why someone might not be there. It would also depend on the...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Social change lead by the Courts, national guard troops, supreme court rulings
national guard troops, supreme court rulings, controversial social issues: Yes, Dred Scott is the 1857 case that permitted slave owners to bring slaves into free States and territories. It is rare that the Executive or Legislative branches blatantly and openly refuse to enforce Court rulings. Doing so creates a Constitutional...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Holding Dual Positions - President and Prime Minister at a single time., military dictator, reply thanks
military dictator, reply thanks, constitutional laws: I suppose growing up under the US system, I may have a bias in favor of it. But generally I don t like the idea of a prime minister in the US system. Under a parliamentary system such as that in India, the Prime Minister has both legislative powers (making...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Obama Care, coverage choices, consumer choices
coverage choices, consumer choices, kidney transplant: Title 1 Subtitle D − Available Coverage Choices for All Americans Part I − Establishment of Qualified Health Plans Part II − Consumer Choices and Insurance Competition Through Health Benefit Exchanges Is sprinkle all through TITLE II...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: The Ryan plan and individual taxes, income tax brackets, independent reviewers
income tax brackets, independent reviewers, individual income tax: Hi Arthur, It seems like knowing who would fall into which brackets would be an important question about the plan. Unfortunately, it is one that Rep. Ryan does not answer. Rep. Ryan published his plan, which he calls the Path to Prosperity. Among...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Supreme Court amicus, lexis nexis, best bet
lexis nexis, best bet, westlaw: Hello, All briefs are considered public record and made available. The Court, however, does not post these briefs online. The American Bar Association does offer PDF copies of briefs for current and recent cases, available here: http://www.americanbar.org/publications/preview_home/alphabetical.html...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: United Empire Loyalists and Citizenship, united empire loyalists, british soil
united empire loyalists, british soil, 13 colonies: Hi John, The notion of citizenship was an evolving concept. Before 1776,colonists pretty universally considered themselves British subjects. The Declaration of Independence did not create a single nation called the US. Rather, each of the individual...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Mr. Bobby Baker, vice president johnson, barry goldwater
vice president johnson, barry goldwater, corruption issues: Hi Roy, Bobby Baker had been LBJ s right hand man in the Senate for decades. He had become a very wealthy man through bribes and kick-backs. He was a bit of a hustler, always accommodating those in power, including use of prostitutes and other morally...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Congress and Social Security, social security benefits, congressional salaries
social security benefits, congressional salaries, current members of congress: Hi Wayne, There is no public list that I know of that shows which members receive SS benefits. But there are currently 102 members of the House and 40 members of the Senate who are eligible for full benefits based on age. Some of them may elect to defer...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Can a presidential candidate be nominated without a convention?, hurricane issac, gop candidate
hurricane issac, gop candidate, gop convention: Hi Harry, Party nominations are not the subject of laws. Political parties are private entities that set their own rules. The Republican Party rules do not have a specific contingency for nominating a candidate other than through the Convention process....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: PRES SUCCESSION, john boehner, majority party in the senate
john boehner, majority party in the senate, daniel inouye: If both the President and VP died in the same incident, then both offices would be vacant. At that point the Speaker of the House would become President. The Speaker would then appoint a new VP (subject to confirmation of the House and Senate). If the...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Obama and deficit, stimulus package, obama
stimulus package, obama, national debt: The DEFICIT is less than when Obama took office - remember, that year the economy was in total collapse, and Congress adobpted the $800 billion + stimulus package without raising taxes or covering other expenditures. Whether the credit for this goes to Obama...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Obama and deficit, time bank, obama
time bank, obama, bush administration: With the exceptions of the one time bank bail at the very end Bush administration; most of which has been paid back. We actually made a profit from AIG and some others part of tarp. The annual deficit 500,000 billion per year. The deficit has been over a trillion...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: White Papers for effective Legislation., parliament bills, reply thanks
parliament bills, reply thanks, act of parliament: Hello again, I thought I answered these questions, but I will try to clarify: 1. Can White papers be considered as good source of input documents before the parliament Bills are passed in the legislature ? White papers are never perfectly neutral...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Writing to representatives, campaign donors, conservative beliefs
campaign donors, conservative beliefs, rare examples: In general you are right. If you really disagree with your rep, it may be better to work to defeat him next time. Sometimes you may want to help an organization that has a campaign on and wants to build its numbers. And there may be less ideological issues...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: 5th/14th Amendments
Hello, The Fifth Amendment is part of the Bill of Rights providing certain protections against criminal prosecution. According to the Amendment, a person must be indicted by a Grand Jury, cannot be tried twice for the same crime, cannot be compelled to...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Examples of the sections of the Preamble
I suppose the most obvious example of promoting the general welfare might be the passage of laws providing welfare benefits to needy recipients during the Great Depression. Other programs such as Social Security or Medicaid also provide for the welfare of...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: US History
At the Constitutional convention, some delegates wanted to continue representation by State, where every State had an equal vote. Others thought representation would be by population so that representation was based on the overall population of the country,...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Individual Rights
The Bill of Rights and other protections in the original Constitution come directly from the experience of people living in the period leading up to and during the American Revolution. Most of the protections listed are rights that were violated by the...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Obamacare
Hello, Under the new health care law, you are required to have health insurance. If you do not have health insurance through your employer, you will be required to buy your own insurance. The healthcare exchanges are designed to make it easier to apply...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: senate and their role
For most major government positions, including Judges, Ambassadors, and Department heads, the Constitution requires that the Senate give advise and consent to the President on all nominations. In practice, this means the majority of the Senate must approve...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: US CONST, amendments to the constitution, legal experts
amendments to the constitution, legal experts, conv: A convention has to be called by some percentage of states -- 3/4, I think, but I m relying on memory, I m in the mountains of Vermont and can t look it up right now. Once called, it can propose amendments to the Constitution. These have to be ratified by...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Emancipation Proclamation, george mcclellan, emancipation proclamation
george mcclellan, emancipation proclamation, union army: Most of the pro-slave faction of the US had already seceded and was at war with the federal government, so a large portion of potential critics were already out of the political picture when Lincoln issues the proclamation. That said, a great many northerners,...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: government, constitutional restrictions, government class
constitutional restrictions, government class, pay raise: Currently, only Congress has the power to authorize any expenditure of funds. Changing that would be rather strange, as would requesting the Courts to engage in setting pay. There are already Constitutional restrictions that prevent Congress from lowering...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Regarding a hearing affecting a bill, armed services committee, senate armed services committee
armed services committee, senate armed services committee, private military contractors: OK, now I see where you are coming from. The Armed Services Committee is a legislative committee; that is, they have the power to report bills to the Senate floor. In order for the bills to take effect, of course, they have to be passed by the Senate, then...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Regarding a hearing affecting a bill, senate armed services committee, armed services committee
senate armed services committee, armed services committee, private military contractors: Spending bills have to start in House. The Senate could remove funding before sending it back to house. All this goes through the Committee on Appropriations http://www.senate.gov/general/committee_membership/committee_memberships_SSAP.htm Armed Services committee...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Regarding a hearing affecting a bill, senate armed services committee, private military contractors
senate armed services committee, private military contractors, armed services committee: I can have an effect, but the two are not necessarily related. Committee hearings are supposed to be meant primarily for obtaining information Congress needs to make decision. Hearings are held all the time while the practices being examined continue to...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: History conservitive and liberal, european origins, societal norms
european origins, societal norms, conservative ideology: Hi Kayla, From a political science definition of terms, a liberal is typically someone who wants to speed up the pace of change while a conservative wants to slow it down. Add to that Radicals who want to change societal order quickly and right away (i.e....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Presidents of the United States., fame george, list of presidents
fame george, list of presidents, list of presidents of the united states: Hello, Probably the two I admire most are also the two most famous. This is largely because they deserve their fame. George Washington was an amazing man. He actually performed most of his most important work before becoming President. As Commander...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Presidents of the United States., presidents reagan, list of presidents
presidents reagan, list of presidents, list of presidents of the united states: Rather unfortunately I have only experienced Presidents Reagan (1980 - 1988), Bush Senior (1988 - 1992), Clinton (1992 - 2000), Bush Junior (2000 - 2008) and Obama (2008 - present) but of those five I would place Clinton and Reagan in that description. Reagan...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: state legislative elections, national council of state legislatures, national conference of state legislatures
national council of state legislatures, national conference of state legislatures, political science department: Hi Rob-- If there is an online source of actual election results, by candidate, I can t find it. The National Council of State Legislatures gives the party breakdown of seats; ballotpedia.org does that too, and also lists the names of the winners. But I...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: CONSTITUTION, state legislatures, articles of confederation
state legislatures, articles of confederation, limitless power: Hi Tom, Article V of the US Constitution allows for 2/3 of State legislatures to call for a Constitutional Convention to amend the Constitution, then Congress must approve the Convention. So if you want to start the process, you would begin by gong to...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Intelligence, military expenses, iraqi oil
military expenses, iraqi oil, trillion: The plan originally appeared to be that Iraq would repay the US for the costs of the war by selling oil and then paying the US for its costs. Of course, that did not work. The US has spent more than $1 trillion in Iraq in military expenses and on top of...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Intelligence, national security advisor, nuclear security administration
national security advisor, nuclear security administration, national nuclear security: No, those pushed out of their jobs remained on the outs. Fortunately, most of the more notable ones have moved on to good private sector jobs. Some of them have written books exposing the failures of the Administration leading up to the war But the unfortunate...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Democracy, Communism and Dictatorship Government Type., dictatorship government, reply thanks
dictatorship government, reply thanks, oil powers: Communism was largely a 20th Century phenomenon, at least as it is understood in modern times. It was a reaction to the inequality brought about by the industrial revolution. In theory, it was supposed to be a form of anarchy, where the state would wither...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: ObamaCare, health care law, ray porter
health care law, ray porter, state implementation: Unless the child has their own coverage they are on the parents policy until 26. Parents pay the premium. The pay the same rate as they did at age 18. http://healthcarereform.procon.org/view.answers.php?questionID=001459 www.unitedhealthgroup.com/hrm/Health-Care-Law.pdf...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: amendments to bill blocked, unanimous consent agreement, committee debate
unanimous consent agreement, committee debate, rules committee: With regard to the first point about Jefferson s manual: I guess the House Rules do incorporate by reference some of the parliamentary practices outlined in Jefferson s Manual by reference in Rule XXIX to the extent they do not conflict with House Rules. ...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Independent Agencies in US Government, independent government agency, federal election commission
independent government agency, federal election commission, independent commissions: Hello, There are some independent commissions where the Chair is not appointed by the President. For example, the Federal Election Commission has a six person Commission. Although the Commissioners are appointed by the President, subject to Senate confirmation,...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Legal Question, capital murder, international incident
capital murder, international incident, legal question: Hello, The situation you describe is known by the legal term duress. This means that the person committing the murder is acting only because he or she is forced to do so in order to prevent the genuine imminent threat to the life of another. Most jurisdictions...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Presidental, state primaries, republican nomination
state primaries, republican nomination, rare exceptions: There is no legal requirement, but it certainly helps to have money. In order to be elected one must travel around and get the support of voters all over the country. Doing that takes money to cover the costs of travel and advertising. Successful candidates...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Delegate from a U.S. Possession, salary benefits, fringe benefits
salary benefits, fringe benefits, member of congress: Hi Mike-- I don t have the figure for what a member of Congress is paid on the top of my head, but you can look that up easily. As for your other questions, no, the Delegate does not have a vote in the House, but in all other respects is treated as a member....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Questions on the US government, state and local governments, types of governments
state and local governments, types of governments, government rule: Hello, For government to work, there needs to be one final authority. If not, an two authorities give conflicting laws, the people are put in the difficult position of violating one authority in order to obey the other. For that reason, when there is...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: George Washington's party??
Hello, Many of the founding fathers believed that political parties were bad idea. They would force the country into competing factions which could not work for the common good in an issue by issue basis. George Washington took this to heart and never...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Presidential ability to control government
I am not 100% sure that any president has had both House and Senate under their control for both terms. All I know is that the two term presidents since 1948 have been: Obama (2008 - 2016), Bush (2000 - 20008), Clinton (1992 - 2000) and Reagan (1980 - 1988)...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: AP NSL
Hello, Of course, there are entire books on this topic, so it s rather hard to answer fully in just a few sentences. Initially, the President was designed to work for Congress. His job was to execute the laws passed by Congress and run the day to...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Legal Question Translation
Hi Phillip, Before I answer, let me say that I cannot provide legal advice in this forum. For that you would need to speak with an attorney in your jurisdiction. There are often laws or case law which can define or limit terms of a contract in a way that...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Obamacare and Demographics
There have been numerous Congressional Committee hearings relating all sorts of issues involving the aging population. But the reality is that politicians do not want to publicize issues too loudly if they do not have a politically popular solution to the...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: american democracy
Hi Tasha, Federalism is the division of power between different levels of government. In the US case, it refers to the division of governmental powers between the national government (also called the federal government) and the State governments. Division...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Lack of taxation before 1913
Americans did not pay income taxes. They paid other taxes. Most revenue came from import duties (called tariffs). The other major source of revenue was excise taxes on the sale of alcohol and certain other items. Also the Federal government did not...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Hi. Who is Jessica Lynch?
Dear Mark, This has little to do with the topic (congressional, executive, etc), so I m no expert. Just from memory, she was captured earli in the Iraq War, and then rescued by a special military operation. She was treated as a hero at the time, though...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Did Bill Clinton really bomb an Aspirin Factory?
Hello, After Al Qaeda bombed US embassies in Kenya and Tanzania in 1998, the US bombed several sites in Sudan and Afghanistan in retaliation. Among the sites hit on the August 20, 1998 attacks was the Al-Shifa pharmaceutical factory in Sudan, which made...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Obama Care
Hi Joyce, Of course President Obama does not design the web site himself, but he is ultimately the one responsible for any problems in government. He appoints the heads of the various departments, who in turn make decisions on how to proceed in developing...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Question about Reagan quote. About batting average?
Hi Mark, The line is from Reagan s Autobiography: An American Life. He is actually quoting something Franklin Roosevelt said. Here is the full quote in context: When I began entering into the give and take of legislative bargaining in Sacramento,...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: 22nd amendment, history of the 22nd amendment, republican proposal
history of the 22nd amendment, republican proposal, time george: Since the time George Washinton voluntarily left office after his second term, it had been a tradition that all Presidents would do the same. The idea was that a President who remained in office too long would become too powerful and risk tyranny. A couple...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: 25 years old, public measures, congs
public measures, congs, george mason: Hi Marianne, No, there was nothing particularly special about the number 25. The framers wanted to make sure there was a minimum level of maturity in the elected official. So, they set minimum ages of 25 for the House, 30 for the Senate and 35 for President....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: 55 MPH repeal, ted nesbitt, national public radio
ted nesbitt, national public radio, congressional vote: Will: If I remember the question -- it was a while ago -- the person who posed it wanted to know when it was repealed, which would be the date the president signed it into law, after the House overwhelmingly passed it with a 400+ yes vote and the Senate...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: ABA, crime involving moral turpitude, adult felony
crime involving moral turpitude, adult felony, goverment agencies: Hi Phillip, The American Bar Association does not have any particular requirements for membership as far as I know. However, the ABA is not an institution that grants anyone the right to practice law. It is merely a membershp organization that lawyers...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Aberham Lincoln - John Carroll Power, aberham lincoln, price variation
aberham lincoln, price variation, google: Hi Gus, I saw a similar one published in 1882 sold for $20 at www.rubylane.com. On the other hand, I saw an 1889 edition of a Lincoln book by Power on sale at www.alibris.com for $259. So there is a real variation in price depending on the quality of...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Adlai Stevenson, adlai stevenson, juvenile hall
adlai stevenson, juvenile hall, manual of arms: Adlai accidentally shot Ruth Merwin and killed her when he was 12 years old. The incident was considered an accident and never went to court. The girl s family seemed to accept that it was an honest accident as well. Stevenson never liked to talk about...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Age/ Presidental election, joe biden, inauguration day
joe biden, inauguration day, congressional races: You must be eligible to take office on inauguration day. The Constitution does not say you need to be 35 to run for office. You need to be 35 to take office. Although this issue has never been raised at the Presidential level, it has happened with a few...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Amendment v. Act of Congress issue, balanced budget amendment, congress issue
balanced budget amendment, congress issue, reagan administration: Hi there, 1. The reasons for proposing a balanced budget amendment were that the goverment seemed unable to balance the budget on their own. There were too many pressures for lower taxes and more spending. Those hurt by the deficits are future generations...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Amendment v. Act of Congress, balanced budget amendment, reagan administration
balanced budget amendment, reagan administration, congressional act: You wrote it was highly effected and got his programs that were opposed by the Democrats that controlled Congress. Did you mean his tactics were ineffective because of the partisan atmosphere? sorry no spell check It was effective way of getting around...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: American Govenment-individualism, american government class, colonial governments
american government class, colonial governments, indian tribes: Hi Danielle, Most old world countries have been highly dependent on government to meet their basic needs. They see government and help from above as necessary to survival. Part of this is because those government controlled every aspect of their lives....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: American Government, first nominating convention, ted nesbitt
first nominating convention, ted nesbitt, first republican presidential candidate: Miriam: The first Republican presidential candidate was John C. Fremont in 1856. He lost. The second Republican candidate was Abraha Lincoln in 1860. He won. Ted Nesbitt The party enjoyed its first national convention in Pittsburgh in February...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: American Government, president andrew johnson, federal budget deficit
president andrew johnson, federal budget deficit, april 1865: Hi Robert, This website should answer most of your questions: http://www.americanpresident.org/history/andrewjohnson/ Here was the list of US debt during his presidency. Keep in mind that he took office in April 1865 when Lincoln died and left office...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: American History-Presidents, military industrial complex, regional country
military industrial complex, regional country, military power: The policy was begun by Eisenhower; actually, it had it s roots with Truman. Eisenhower was uneasy about committing any resources to the problem, correctly forseeing the quagmire ahead and understanding completely how the military-industrial complex would...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: American History, ted nesbitt, president john adams
ted nesbitt, president john adams, thomas pickering: Dear Brittany: The first of Washington s Secretaries of State was the most famous, Thomas Jefferson: He [Washington] did not infringe upon the policy making powers that he felt the Constitution gave Congress. But the determination of foreign policy...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: American Polictics - Federalism, federal goverment, state goverments
federal goverment, state goverments, concept of federalism: Hi Lucy, I m not sure where you have been for the last fifty years, but local governments are highly dependant on the national government. Much of their money comes from the national government. Most of what they do is guided by national policies. ...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: American studies, bill of rights amendments, state governments
bill of rights amendments, state governments, government actions: Hi Sebastian, The Constitution itself, prior to any amendment was not really designed to expand liberty. Rather, it was designed to shift certain powers from the State governments to the federal government in order to create more order and allow people...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Andrew Jackson Supreme Court Appointments, dred scott decision, chief justice roger taney
dred scott decision, chief justice roger taney, supreme court appointments: Hi Ashley, Jackson s most significant appointment was Chief Justice Roger Taney. Taney certainly was less aggressive and assertive than his Predecessor John Marshal. But years later Taney was responsible for the Dred Scott decision that played a key role...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Andrew Jackson, president andrew jackson, battle of new orleans
president andrew jackson, battle of new orleans, war hero: Hi Tristan, President Andrew Jackson has appeared on various bills cince 1869. In 1929, the Treasury Department created a committee to standardize US currency when the Federal Reserve began issuing notes. That committee decided to put Jackson on the $20...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: April 25, 2005 OMB Letter, emergency appropriations bill, joshua bolten
emergency appropriations bill, joshua bolten, free news sources: Dear Todd-- Most likely the letter is not available. The Times article you cite is no longer accessible without paying a fee, but the American Prospect article refers to a letter obtained by the American Prospect -- in other words, leaked to them by an...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: April 25th, 2005 Letter from OMB to members of Congress, emergency appropriations bill, joshua bolten
emergency appropriations bill, joshua bolten, free news sources: The only thing I can suggest is contacting your U.S. House Representative and/or Senator and seeing if they can send you a copy or know how to get one. Since the letter was apparently sent to Congress, your member may have it or be able to get access to it....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: April 25th, 2005 OMB letter, emergency appropriations bill, joshua bolten
emergency appropriations bill, joshua bolten, free news sources: Hi Todd, Unfortunately, such communications are not routinely posted on the web. Have you tried e-mailing the author of the NY Times piece? I his article he says he has the letter and his e-mail is at hte bottom of the article. I ll bet he would be happy...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Assistant secretaries and under secretaries, ted nesbitt, dean acheson
ted nesbitt, dean acheson, encyclopedia britannica: Curtis: This is very complicated. Each department of the executive branch has its own structure. There are secretaries, under secretaries, assistant under secretaries, deputy secretaries, and assistant deputy secretaries. You would have to look at...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: administrative codes, administrative code, federal register
administrative code, federal register, public comment: Hi Christine, Administrative codes are usually written by executive agencies. These agencies are authorized by the legislature to create the detailed rules that are included in such codes. There are both federal and State codes created separately from...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: american constitution and its background, minority mike, tyranny of the majority
minority mike, tyranny of the majority, american constitution: In the Declaration of Independence, the founder said that governments were designed to protect man s inlienable rights, including life, liberty, the pursuit of happiness and that government was empowered to protect these rights by the consent of the governed....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: american government and politics, declaration of indepedence, abraham lincoln
declaration of indepedence, abraham lincoln, good answer: The Declaration of Independence expresses the ideal that the purpose of government is to protect the lives and rights of the people and the governments derive their authority from the consent of the governed. The main international issue during George Washington...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: american history, oliver cromwell, abraham lincoln
oliver cromwell, abraham lincoln, continental army: Hi again, The Constitution can change in any way. The only thing that cannot be amended, according to the Constitution s own terms, is that each State gets two senators. Other than that, you could do pretty much anything if you can get the votes. If...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: american history, dual sovereignty, constitutional scholar
dual sovereignty, constitutional scholar, taxation without representation: Hi Marissa, 1. The Founding Fathers did not really think they were creating a whole new political structure. Most believed they were fighting for the same political rights that Englishmen had enjoyed for centuries. The ideas of taxation without representation...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: american politics, massachusetts constitution, state constitutions
massachusetts constitution, state constitutions, decleration of independence: Hi again, The primary expressed concern was taxation without representation. The British Parliament was levying new taxes on the colonies but the colonies had no representation in Parliament to protect their interests. The American colonies had seen from...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: andrew johnson and congress, 13th and 14th amendments, president andrew johnson
13th and 14th amendments, president andrew johnson, slaves in the south: Hi again, During Johson s presidency, the 13th and 14th amendments were ratified, and the 15th Amendment was proposed. Of course, the President has no part in Constitutional Amendments though. Most of the fights during Johnson s Presidency were over...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: annan, immunity from prosecution, diplomatic immunity
immunity from prosecution, diplomatic immunity, political pundits: Hello, While political pundits call the corruption in the oil-for-food program stealing. it is not clear that it meets any legal definition that would lead to a criminal prosecution. Basically Saddam Hussein was prevented from selling Iraqi oil except...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: ap u.s history, divisive issue, new englanders
divisive issue, new englanders, domestic policies: Hi there, The rise of Andrew Jackson was the first time westerners had any representation in the White House. Up until then, all Presidents had been from either Virginia or Massachusetts. The biggest sectional issue at that time was probably tarriffs....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: assassination of the president, findlaw com casecode, legislation
findlaw com casecode, legislation: Hi Sivan, In addition to the general murder laws that are applicable in such a situation, there is a federal law making it a crime to kill or kidnap the President or his staff. You can read the law here: http://caselaw.lp.findlaw.com/casecode/uscodes/18/parts/i/chapters/84/sections/section_1751.html...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: The asymmetrical scheduling of daylight saving time, shortest day of the year, winter solstice
shortest day of the year, winter solstice, daylight savings time: Hi Dave, You are correct. The start and end of daylight savings don t really have much symmetry. It was not until 1966 that there was any national standard at all. Before that, States and localities chose whatever dates they wanted for daylight savings,...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Baker v. Carr, john harlan, absolute equality
john harlan, absolute equality, dangerous waters: Hi Frank, Justices Harlan and Frankfurter dissented in Baker v. Carr. Basically, they believed the Court was ignore decades of precedents and wading into the dangerous waters of politics. The state redistricting was a State policital issue. By not dismissing...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Barron vs Baltimore Case//Amendment 5, establishment clause of the first amendment, loop holes
establishment clause of the first amendment, loop holes, baltimore case: The case had very little impact on law and society as it simply reaffirmed what was widely understood at the time. The impact of not applying the Bill of Rights to the States and allowing for Federal Court enforcement of such rights was probably minimal as...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Bill Clinton, deposition testimony, court hearings
deposition testimony, court hearings, sexual relations: The famous phrase it depends on what the definition of is is is actually a paraphrase of what Clinton actually said. You can read the full context here: http://www.time.com/time/daily/scandal/testimony/temp4.html#a4 The answer to the second question...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Bill numbers carried over?, bill numbers, congressional bill
bill numbers, congressional bill, congresses: Hi Bruce, No bill lasts more than one Congress (two years). The two year session applies to both House and Senate. Even though Senators are elected for six years, after each two-year election, it is considered a new Congress. Unless the bills come...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Bill Reform, medicare modernization act, medicare modernization act of 2003
medicare modernization act, medicare modernization act of 2003, hidden clauses: Under current law, the government is prohibited from negotiating drug prices. I could see that changing under a Democratic President. As far as pushing through sweeping reform, President Bill Clinton had significant Democratic majorities and could not...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Bill of Rights, u s constitution, state constitution
u s constitution, state constitution, constitutional violation: Hi Eric, Good question. The legal reasoning is that localities get all their governing authority from the State government. Therefore, they cannot do anything that would exceed the authority of the State government. Thus, they are bound by the 14th Amdendment...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Bills, pettion, mrs reynolds
pettion, mrs reynolds, signitures: None -- members of Congress can introduce bills whenever they want. They can think of the bills themselves, or a single letter might convince them that a bill is a good idea. Of course, if more people show that they want something, that might help convince...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Bully Pulpit, bully pulpit, president roosevelt
bully pulpit, president roosevelt, teddy roosevelt: I appreciate your question. I m not really sure how to answer this question, or if there really is a question to answer here. If this candidate’s personality characteristic is arrogant and abrasive, then perhaps he should choose a new ideal statesman. Roosevelt...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Bush - first six months, kyoto treaty, follow ups
kyoto treaty, follow ups, us senate: Its not true at all. The first year Bush was in Office the was Clinton Last Budget. Infact there have been no budget cuts. All nominees have some negatives in there background. No one is purfect. I would avoid UK sites most are extremely biased. For example...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Bush's ruling on overtime pay..beneficial or not?, white collar workers, overtime laws
white collar workers, overtime laws, overtime rules: Hi Brianna, The recent changes to overtime rules are rather minor. In fact, they will have no impact at all on more than 95% of workers in this country. As for those who are impacted, the regulations seek to clarify which employees must be given overtime...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Bush as the worst ever, communist superpower, even keel
communist superpower, even keel, president reagan: 1. Public perception of the Iran-Contra scandal was largely negative, except for the most extreme right wingers in the country. President Reagan sold military parts to Iran and used the profits of the sales to fund covert military optionation in Nicaragua....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Bush!!!!!!!!, election poll, texas cowboy
election poll, texas cowboy, texans: Why is Bush so mean? Not a clue Why are we still over there? Give the Dems a chance, they ve yet to take formal control Why is he such a stubborn Texas cowboy and just does not listen to us? That s what Texans are precieved to be. Why can t we get rid of...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Business and Profession Code, accurate interpretation, business and professions code
accurate interpretation, business and professions code, state courts: I m not sure even what code you are talking about. Is this a State law? If so, what State? Also, keep in mind that while I can give my opinions about a code, for a thorough and accurate interpretation of law, you need to consult an attorney licensed to...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: bil of right in the democratic governor, freedom of press, democratic governor
freedom of press, democratic governor, jury trials: Hi there, I don t think such freedoms are particularly important to a Governor any more than anyone else. However, they are considered important by most people because a free press is how we can be best assured that the people are exposed to the issues...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: The billing process, pocket veto, committee chairmen
pocket veto, committee chairmen, committees: Hi Amber, I assume we are talking about the federal government process. This site explains in great detail howe the process works. If you have any specific questions about it, feel free to send a follow up: http://thomas.loc.gov/home/lawsmade.toc.html...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: branches of government and rights of individuals, bureacracy, branch of government
bureacracy, branch of government, judicial branch: Hi, The legislative branch makes laws that are designed to protect or create new rights. The executive branch uses its enforcment power and administrative bureacracy to help protect rights. The judicial branch provides enforcment through the court system....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: budget & spending, oversight committees, congressional oversight
oversight committees, congressional oversight, criminal act: Hello, Congress is responsible for appropriating every penny spent by the government. Congressional oversight committees oversee various portions of the government. They can subpoena records, demand reports force officials to appear before them in committee...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: budgets, democrats and republicans, man woman and child
democrats and republicans, man woman and child, mortgage deduction: Hi Ryan, The federal government spends well over $2,000,000,000,000.00 each year. That is a cost of almost $8000 for every man, woman, and child living in the US. In other words, the average family of four must pay over $30,000 to the federal government....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: CA State Legislature, ca state assembly, dear louis
ca state assembly, dear louis, county govt: Dear Louis, I admire your interest, but this is getting to be more than I can easily answer in this format. Very quickly: the state and federal governments exist independently of each other, with responsibilities and powers of each defined by the Constitution...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: California history, rumford fair housing act, executive order 9066
rumford fair housing act, executive order 9066, internment camps: Hi Dolly, The Townsend Plan was the initial proposal that eventually became Social Security. You can read about it here: http://www.ssa.gov/history/towns5.html Executive Order 9066 authorized deportation of Japanese Americans to internment camps...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Campaign Finance, congressman marty meehan, lawrence eagle tribune
congressman marty meehan, lawrence eagle tribune, marty meehan: Dear Ashlee, Just quickly, and I may be wrong, my understanding is that he can spend it on a federal campaign, or make contributions to another federal candidate, but he cannot spend it on a state campaign, or give to state candidates. When Brian Donnelly...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Campaign Help, student council elections, student council election
student council elections, student council election, polling place: Short of appearing nude in the cafeteria, you are probably not going to find a catchy enough gimmick. I strongly suspect that you win a student council election the same way you win any election for a lower-level office, namely, approaching individual voters...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Changing political party, party preference, party platform
party preference, party platform, presidential election: You should vote who your feel confortable voting for. In a general election you can vote for anyone you choose. You need not change party to do that. If you feel more comforable with another party then join that party. If its a single candidate I would...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Chief Justice Nominee John Roberts, senate judiciary committee, vice president cheney
senate judiciary committee, vice president cheney, ted nesbitt: Dear Kiran: The Senate Judiciary Committee does NOT confirm Roberts. The committee only decides whether or not his nomination will be recommended to the full Senate. The committee can vote to confirm with their recommendation OR they can vote to confirm...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: China economy & the United States, rising hegemon, containment policies
rising hegemon, containment policies, weapons proliferation: Hi Phil, Short of going to war and destroying them (which is not going to happen) there is little the US can do to prevent China from developing into a major power. What the US policy has been since the 1970 s is to try to remain on friendly terms...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Circleating e-mail., social security retirement, social security program
social security retirement, social security program, eleanor roosevelt: Hi Jerry, Like most e-mails floating around the Internet, this one seems to play rather fast and loose with the facts. I can t speak to what Elliott Roosevelt may have said about his parents while sitting out by the swimming pool, but as tot the facts...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Citizenship and the Presidency, ratification of the 14th amendment, privileges and immunities
ratification of the 14th amendment, privileges and immunities, born citizen: Well, it s not written down anywhere. It is simply what happened. The closest the Constution comes to saying it is Article IV, Sec. 2 The citizens of each state shall be entitled to all privileges and immunities of citizens in the several states. But...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: City Council, city structure, discretion
city structure, discretion: Hi Frank, City structure can vary greatly from town to town, but here is generally how it works: A City Council is a group of leaders, usually elected, that make laws for the city, usually along with the Mayor. A City Manager is unelected and usually...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Civil unions vs gay marriage, gay civil union, supporters of gay marriage
gay civil union, supporters of gay marriage, homosexual activists: Hi there, It is really not known at this time since civil unions have not been well defined. In most cases, civil unions seem to be given exactly the same rights as marriages. If that is the case, there really is no difference. The only issue would be...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Committee of Conference, legislative chambers, legislative assembly
legislative chambers, legislative assembly, conference committee: I appreciate your question. A Conference Committee convenes in a bicameral legislative assembly (e.g. Congress, State Legislature) when two houses of the legislative assembly pass two different version of the same bill. Members are appointed to these committees...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Common knowledge, pbs stations, actuarial science
pbs stations, actuarial science, face the nation: Hi there, The best way to learn about inside politics is to be inside yourself. Try volunteering for a campaign or doing an internship with a politician. Congressmen have local offices where you could volunteer, possibly for school credit. If you don...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Conditional Party Government, personal charisma, science professors
personal charisma, science professors, constituent service: Hi Paul, The only people I know that use the term responsible parties in this context or Political Science Professors, and writers at a few liberal think tanks. In my opinion, it is a form of spin . Everything favors responsibility and being responsible,...