About Experts Sitemap - Group 33 - Page 32 2015-06-23

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Roosevelt and Wilsosn, barack obama, historyonthenet
barack obama, historyonthenet, academic view: I think TR was bit more of a realist with a Nationalistic underpinning. He was proactive and prevented problems. There some historian believe Roosevelt been elected in 1912 WWI could have been defused. He knew Kings and Emperors and knew how to deal this...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Route of the Romans, land army, little islands
land army, little islands, mike thanks: The Romans were primarily a land army. They tended to move and fight over land. There are a few occasions of them developing fleets. Rome used fleets to invade England and also Egypt. But Roman fleets did not typically travel the oceans in great numbers....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: War chest, war chest, campaign staff
war chest, campaign staff, campaign funds: Hello, Different States have different laws regarding use of campaign funds. Generally speaking, candidates may not use funds for personal use, even if they retire. Funds may be donated to other campaigns or used for other campaign related expenses only....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: judicial review, supreme court original jurisdiction, chief justice marshall
supreme court original jurisdiction, chief justice marshall, marbury vs madison: Hi Alison, Marbury and his co-plaintiffs went directly to the Supreme Court because the Judiciary act gave that court original jurisdiction over the matter. Original jurisdiction means that the court should be the first to hear the case (as opposed to...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Protocol, member of congress, members of congress
member of congress, members of congress, protocol: First of all, I don t actually know the official protocol, but rather than decline to answer let me make a couple of suggestions: 1. First of all, since you know a member is attending in person, I guess you must be in touch with that member s scheduler,...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Romney Care & Health Insurance Mandate, federal government power, federal constitution
federal government power, federal constitution, massachusetts law: Hi Luis, The challenge before the Supreme Court to the Affordable Care Act ( Obamacare ) is based on the idea in the Constitution that the Federal government has limited powers. It can only do things explicitly authorized in the Constitution. The Obama...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Supreme Court Cases, minimum wage laws, supreme court decisions
minimum wage laws, supreme court decisions, supreme court cases: The Jacksonian era was not really known for many reforms. Many States broadened voting rights during that era, doing away with property requirements. One could argue that closing the bank of the US was a reform to help reduce concentrated wealth and power....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Arizona Immigration Law, elena kagan, supreme court justices
elena kagan, supreme court justices, supreme court cases: Hi Allison, If the Court is divided 4-4, the ruling from the lower court (in this case the 9th Circuit s decision) is upheld. In this case, that means that much of the law will be struck down. Supreme Court Justices pretty much decide for themselves...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Obama & Clinton, rachel maddow, sen obama
rachel maddow, sen obama, election republicans: It is extremely rare for someone to challenge an incumbent President from their own party. The last time a serious challenge was made was when Ted Kennedy challenged Jimmy Carter in 1980. Such challenges are almost never successful and only make the incumbent...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: The Sit Room, national security adviser, chairman of the joint chiefs
national security adviser, chairman of the joint chiefs, missile launch: Hi Richard, Typically, such situations arise suddenly and without much warning. It is a common problem that key players may not be available for such meetings. So there could be many reasons why someone might not be there. It would also depend on the...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Social change lead by the Courts, national guard troops, supreme court rulings
national guard troops, supreme court rulings, controversial social issues: Yes, Dred Scott is the 1857 case that permitted slave owners to bring slaves into free States and territories. It is rare that the Executive or Legislative branches blatantly and openly refuse to enforce Court rulings. Doing so creates a Constitutional...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Holding Dual Positions - President and Prime Minister at a single time., military dictator, reply thanks
military dictator, reply thanks, constitutional laws: I suppose growing up under the US system, I may have a bias in favor of it. But generally I don t like the idea of a prime minister in the US system. Under a parliamentary system such as that in India, the Prime Minister has both legislative powers (making...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Obama Care, coverage choices, consumer choices
coverage choices, consumer choices, kidney transplant: Title 1 Subtitle D − Available Coverage Choices for All Americans Part I − Establishment of Qualified Health Plans Part II − Consumer Choices and Insurance Competition Through Health Benefit Exchanges Is sprinkle all through TITLE II...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: The Ryan plan and individual taxes, income tax brackets, independent reviewers
income tax brackets, independent reviewers, individual income tax: Hi Arthur, It seems like knowing who would fall into which brackets would be an important question about the plan. Unfortunately, it is one that Rep. Ryan does not answer. Rep. Ryan published his plan, which he calls the Path to Prosperity. Among...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Supreme Court amicus, lexis nexis, best bet
lexis nexis, best bet, westlaw: Hello, All briefs are considered public record and made available. The Court, however, does not post these briefs online. The American Bar Association does offer PDF copies of briefs for current and recent cases, available here: http://www.americanbar.org/publications/preview_home/alphabetical.html...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: United Empire Loyalists and Citizenship, united empire loyalists, british soil
united empire loyalists, british soil, 13 colonies: Hi John, The notion of citizenship was an evolving concept. Before 1776,colonists pretty universally considered themselves British subjects. The Declaration of Independence did not create a single nation called the US. Rather, each of the individual...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Mr. Bobby Baker, vice president johnson, barry goldwater
vice president johnson, barry goldwater, corruption issues: Hi Roy, Bobby Baker had been LBJ s right hand man in the Senate for decades. He had become a very wealthy man through bribes and kick-backs. He was a bit of a hustler, always accommodating those in power, including use of prostitutes and other morally...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Congress and Social Security, social security benefits, congressional salaries
social security benefits, congressional salaries, current members of congress: Hi Wayne, There is no public list that I know of that shows which members receive SS benefits. But there are currently 102 members of the House and 40 members of the Senate who are eligible for full benefits based on age. Some of them may elect to defer...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Can a presidential candidate be nominated without a convention?, hurricane issac, gop candidate
hurricane issac, gop candidate, gop convention: Hi Harry, Party nominations are not the subject of laws. Political parties are private entities that set their own rules. The Republican Party rules do not have a specific contingency for nominating a candidate other than through the Convention process....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: PRES SUCCESSION, john boehner, majority party in the senate
john boehner, majority party in the senate, daniel inouye: If both the President and VP died in the same incident, then both offices would be vacant. At that point the Speaker of the House would become President. The Speaker would then appoint a new VP (subject to confirmation of the House and Senate). If the...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Obama and deficit, stimulus package, obama
stimulus package, obama, national debt: The DEFICIT is less than when Obama took office - remember, that year the economy was in total collapse, and Congress adobpted the $800 billion + stimulus package without raising taxes or covering other expenditures. Whether the credit for this goes to Obama...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Obama and deficit, time bank, obama
time bank, obama, bush administration: With the exceptions of the one time bank bail at the very end Bush administration; most of which has been paid back. We actually made a profit from AIG and some others part of tarp. The annual deficit 500,000 billion per year. The deficit has been over a trillion...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: White Papers for effective Legislation., parliament bills, reply thanks
parliament bills, reply thanks, act of parliament: Hello again, I thought I answered these questions, but I will try to clarify: 1. Can White papers be considered as good source of input documents before the parliament Bills are passed in the legislature ? White papers are never perfectly neutral...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Writing to representatives, campaign donors, conservative beliefs
campaign donors, conservative beliefs, rare examples: In general you are right. If you really disagree with your rep, it may be better to work to defeat him next time. Sometimes you may want to help an organization that has a campaign on and wants to build its numbers. And there may be less ideological issues...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: 5th/14th Amendments
Hello, The Fifth Amendment is part of the Bill of Rights providing certain protections against criminal prosecution. According to the Amendment, a person must be indicted by a Grand Jury, cannot be tried twice for the same crime, cannot be compelled to...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Examples of the sections of the Preamble
I suppose the most obvious example of promoting the general welfare might be the passage of laws providing welfare benefits to needy recipients during the Great Depression. Other programs such as Social Security or Medicaid also provide for the welfare of...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: US History
At the Constitutional convention, some delegates wanted to continue representation by State, where every State had an equal vote. Others thought representation would be by population so that representation was based on the overall population of the country,...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Individual Rights
The Bill of Rights and other protections in the original Constitution come directly from the experience of people living in the period leading up to and during the American Revolution. Most of the protections listed are rights that were violated by the...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Obamacare
Hello, Under the new health care law, you are required to have health insurance. If you do not have health insurance through your employer, you will be required to buy your own insurance. The healthcare exchanges are designed to make it easier to apply...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: senate and their role
For most major government positions, including Judges, Ambassadors, and Department heads, the Constitution requires that the Senate give advise and consent to the President on all nominations. In practice, this means the majority of the Senate must approve...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: US CONST, amendments to the constitution, legal experts
amendments to the constitution, legal experts, conv: A convention has to be called by some percentage of states -- 3/4, I think, but I m relying on memory, I m in the mountains of Vermont and can t look it up right now. Once called, it can propose amendments to the Constitution. These have to be ratified by...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Emancipation Proclamation, george mcclellan, emancipation proclamation
george mcclellan, emancipation proclamation, union army: Most of the pro-slave faction of the US had already seceded and was at war with the federal government, so a large portion of potential critics were already out of the political picture when Lincoln issues the proclamation. That said, a great many northerners,...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: government, constitutional restrictions, government class
constitutional restrictions, government class, pay raise: Currently, only Congress has the power to authorize any expenditure of funds. Changing that would be rather strange, as would requesting the Courts to engage in setting pay. There are already Constitutional restrictions that prevent Congress from lowering...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Regarding a hearing affecting a bill, armed services committee, senate armed services committee
armed services committee, senate armed services committee, private military contractors: OK, now I see where you are coming from. The Armed Services Committee is a legislative committee; that is, they have the power to report bills to the Senate floor. In order for the bills to take effect, of course, they have to be passed by the Senate, then...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Regarding a hearing affecting a bill, senate armed services committee, armed services committee
senate armed services committee, armed services committee, private military contractors: Spending bills have to start in House. The Senate could remove funding before sending it back to house. All this goes through the Committee on Appropriations http://www.senate.gov/general/committee_membership/committee_memberships_SSAP.htm Armed Services committee...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Regarding a hearing affecting a bill, senate armed services committee, private military contractors
senate armed services committee, private military contractors, armed services committee: I can have an effect, but the two are not necessarily related. Committee hearings are supposed to be meant primarily for obtaining information Congress needs to make decision. Hearings are held all the time while the practices being examined continue to...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: History conservitive and liberal, european origins, societal norms
european origins, societal norms, conservative ideology: Hi Kayla, From a political science definition of terms, a liberal is typically someone who wants to speed up the pace of change while a conservative wants to slow it down. Add to that Radicals who want to change societal order quickly and right away (i.e....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Presidents of the United States., fame george, list of presidents
fame george, list of presidents, list of presidents of the united states: Hello, Probably the two I admire most are also the two most famous. This is largely because they deserve their fame. George Washington was an amazing man. He actually performed most of his most important work before becoming President. As Commander...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Presidents of the United States., presidents reagan, list of presidents
presidents reagan, list of presidents, list of presidents of the united states: Rather unfortunately I have only experienced Presidents Reagan (1980 - 1988), Bush Senior (1988 - 1992), Clinton (1992 - 2000), Bush Junior (2000 - 2008) and Obama (2008 - present) but of those five I would place Clinton and Reagan in that description. Reagan...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: state legislative elections, national council of state legislatures, national conference of state legislatures
national council of state legislatures, national conference of state legislatures, political science department: Hi Rob-- If there is an online source of actual election results, by candidate, I can t find it. The National Council of State Legislatures gives the party breakdown of seats; ballotpedia.org does that too, and also lists the names of the winners. But I...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: CONSTITUTION, state legislatures, articles of confederation
state legislatures, articles of confederation, limitless power: Hi Tom, Article V of the US Constitution allows for 2/3 of State legislatures to call for a Constitutional Convention to amend the Constitution, then Congress must approve the Convention. So if you want to start the process, you would begin by gong to...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Intelligence, military expenses, iraqi oil
military expenses, iraqi oil, trillion: The plan originally appeared to be that Iraq would repay the US for the costs of the war by selling oil and then paying the US for its costs. Of course, that did not work. The US has spent more than $1 trillion in Iraq in military expenses and on top of...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Intelligence, national security advisor, nuclear security administration
national security advisor, nuclear security administration, national nuclear security: No, those pushed out of their jobs remained on the outs. Fortunately, most of the more notable ones have moved on to good private sector jobs. Some of them have written books exposing the failures of the Administration leading up to the war But the unfortunate...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Democracy, Communism and Dictatorship Government Type., dictatorship government, reply thanks
dictatorship government, reply thanks, oil powers: Communism was largely a 20th Century phenomenon, at least as it is understood in modern times. It was a reaction to the inequality brought about by the industrial revolution. In theory, it was supposed to be a form of anarchy, where the state would wither...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: ObamaCare, health care law, ray porter
health care law, ray porter, state implementation: Unless the child has their own coverage they are on the parents policy until 26. Parents pay the premium. The pay the same rate as they did at age 18. http://healthcarereform.procon.org/view.answers.php?questionID=001459 www.unitedhealthgroup.com/hrm/Health-Care-Law.pdf...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: amendments to bill blocked, unanimous consent agreement, committee debate
unanimous consent agreement, committee debate, rules committee: With regard to the first point about Jefferson s manual: I guess the House Rules do incorporate by reference some of the parliamentary practices outlined in Jefferson s Manual by reference in Rule XXIX to the extent they do not conflict with House Rules. ...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Independent Agencies in US Government, independent government agency, federal election commission
independent government agency, federal election commission, independent commissions: Hello, There are some independent commissions where the Chair is not appointed by the President. For example, the Federal Election Commission has a six person Commission. Although the Commissioners are appointed by the President, subject to Senate confirmation,...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Legal Question, capital murder, international incident
capital murder, international incident, legal question: Hello, The situation you describe is known by the legal term duress. This means that the person committing the murder is acting only because he or she is forced to do so in order to prevent the genuine imminent threat to the life of another. Most jurisdictions...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Presidental, state primaries, republican nomination
state primaries, republican nomination, rare exceptions: There is no legal requirement, but it certainly helps to have money. In order to be elected one must travel around and get the support of voters all over the country. Doing that takes money to cover the costs of travel and advertising. Successful candidates...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Delegate from a U.S. Possession, salary benefits, fringe benefits
salary benefits, fringe benefits, member of congress: Hi Mike-- I don t have the figure for what a member of Congress is paid on the top of my head, but you can look that up easily. As for your other questions, no, the Delegate does not have a vote in the House, but in all other respects is treated as a member....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Questions on the US government, state and local governments, types of governments
state and local governments, types of governments, government rule: Hello, For government to work, there needs to be one final authority. If not, an two authorities give conflicting laws, the people are put in the difficult position of violating one authority in order to obey the other. For that reason, when there is...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: George Washington's party??
Hello, Many of the founding fathers believed that political parties were bad idea. They would force the country into competing factions which could not work for the common good in an issue by issue basis. George Washington took this to heart and never...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Presidential ability to control government
I am not 100% sure that any president has had both House and Senate under their control for both terms. All I know is that the two term presidents since 1948 have been: Obama (2008 - 2016), Bush (2000 - 20008), Clinton (1992 - 2000) and Reagan (1980 - 1988)...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: AP NSL
Hello, Of course, there are entire books on this topic, so it s rather hard to answer fully in just a few sentences. Initially, the President was designed to work for Congress. His job was to execute the laws passed by Congress and run the day to...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Legal Question Translation
Hi Phillip, Before I answer, let me say that I cannot provide legal advice in this forum. For that you would need to speak with an attorney in your jurisdiction. There are often laws or case law which can define or limit terms of a contract in a way that...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Obamacare and Demographics
There have been numerous Congressional Committee hearings relating all sorts of issues involving the aging population. But the reality is that politicians do not want to publicize issues too loudly if they do not have a politically popular solution to the...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: american democracy
Hi Tasha, Federalism is the division of power between different levels of government. In the US case, it refers to the division of governmental powers between the national government (also called the federal government) and the State governments. Division...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Lack of taxation before 1913
Americans did not pay income taxes. They paid other taxes. Most revenue came from import duties (called tariffs). The other major source of revenue was excise taxes on the sale of alcohol and certain other items. Also the Federal government did not...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Hi. Who is Jessica Lynch?
Dear Mark, This has little to do with the topic (congressional, executive, etc), so I m no expert. Just from memory, she was captured earli in the Iraq War, and then rescued by a special military operation. She was treated as a hero at the time, though...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Did Bill Clinton really bomb an Aspirin Factory?
Hello, After Al Qaeda bombed US embassies in Kenya and Tanzania in 1998, the US bombed several sites in Sudan and Afghanistan in retaliation. Among the sites hit on the August 20, 1998 attacks was the Al-Shifa pharmaceutical factory in Sudan, which made...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Obama Care
Hi Joyce, Of course President Obama does not design the web site himself, but he is ultimately the one responsible for any problems in government. He appoints the heads of the various departments, who in turn make decisions on how to proceed in developing...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Question about Reagan quote. About batting average?
Hi Mark, The line is from Reagan s Autobiography: An American Life. He is actually quoting something Franklin Roosevelt said. Here is the full quote in context: When I began entering into the give and take of legislative bargaining in Sacramento,...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Provident fund and Pension policies for Political party workers.
The US does not have provident funds at all, other than if you consider Social Security Trust fund the equivalent. Virtually all employees, including party workers are eligible for Social Security. Most US employees also do not have pensions anymore. Since...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: internet volume safety
Legislators tend to react on such issues if their constituents encourage them to do so. You could certainly contact your congressman and recommend such legislation. This issue could also be resolved through regulation, perhaps FCC or FTC. If you actually...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: 14 Point Plan
President Wilson s 14 Point plan was just that, a plan. It did not have the support of Congress, nor was it supported by the other allies, Britain and France. The US was not the major world power in 1918 that it is today. It could not simply impose its...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: 22nd amendment, history of the 22nd amendment, republican proposal
history of the 22nd amendment, republican proposal, time george: Since the time George Washinton voluntarily left office after his second term, it had been a tradition that all Presidents would do the same. The idea was that a President who remained in office too long would become too powerful and risk tyranny. A couple...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: 25 years old, public measures, congs
public measures, congs, george mason: Hi Marianne, No, there was nothing particularly special about the number 25. The framers wanted to make sure there was a minimum level of maturity in the elected official. So, they set minimum ages of 25 for the House, 30 for the Senate and 35 for President....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: 55 MPH repeal, ted nesbitt, national public radio
ted nesbitt, national public radio, congressional vote: Will: If I remember the question -- it was a while ago -- the person who posed it wanted to know when it was repealed, which would be the date the president signed it into law, after the House overwhelmingly passed it with a 400+ yes vote and the Senate...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: ABA, crime involving moral turpitude, adult felony
crime involving moral turpitude, adult felony, goverment agencies: Hi Phillip, The American Bar Association does not have any particular requirements for membership as far as I know. However, the ABA is not an institution that grants anyone the right to practice law. It is merely a membershp organization that lawyers...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Aberham Lincoln - John Carroll Power, aberham lincoln, price variation
aberham lincoln, price variation, google: Hi Gus, I saw a similar one published in 1882 sold for $20 at www.rubylane.com. On the other hand, I saw an 1889 edition of a Lincoln book by Power on sale at www.alibris.com for $259. So there is a real variation in price depending on the quality of...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Adlai Stevenson, adlai stevenson, juvenile hall
adlai stevenson, juvenile hall, manual of arms: Adlai accidentally shot Ruth Merwin and killed her when he was 12 years old. The incident was considered an accident and never went to court. The girl s family seemed to accept that it was an honest accident as well. Stevenson never liked to talk about...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Age/ Presidental election, joe biden, inauguration day
joe biden, inauguration day, congressional races: You must be eligible to take office on inauguration day. The Constitution does not say you need to be 35 to run for office. You need to be 35 to take office. Although this issue has never been raised at the Presidential level, it has happened with a few...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Amendment v. Act of Congress issue, balanced budget amendment, congress issue
balanced budget amendment, congress issue, reagan administration: Hi there, 1. The reasons for proposing a balanced budget amendment were that the goverment seemed unable to balance the budget on their own. There were too many pressures for lower taxes and more spending. Those hurt by the deficits are future generations...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Amendment v. Act of Congress, balanced budget amendment, reagan administration
balanced budget amendment, reagan administration, congressional act: You wrote it was highly effected and got his programs that were opposed by the Democrats that controlled Congress. Did you mean his tactics were ineffective because of the partisan atmosphere? sorry no spell check It was effective way of getting around...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: American Govenment-individualism, american government class, colonial governments
american government class, colonial governments, indian tribes: Hi Danielle, Most old world countries have been highly dependent on government to meet their basic needs. They see government and help from above as necessary to survival. Part of this is because those government controlled every aspect of their lives....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: American Government, first nominating convention, ted nesbitt
first nominating convention, ted nesbitt, first republican presidential candidate: Miriam: The first Republican presidential candidate was John C. Fremont in 1856. He lost. The second Republican candidate was Abraha Lincoln in 1860. He won. Ted Nesbitt The party enjoyed its first national convention in Pittsburgh in February...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: American Government, president andrew johnson, federal budget deficit
president andrew johnson, federal budget deficit, april 1865: Hi Robert, This website should answer most of your questions: http://www.americanpresident.org/history/andrewjohnson/ Here was the list of US debt during his presidency. Keep in mind that he took office in April 1865 when Lincoln died and left office...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: American History-Presidents, military industrial complex, regional country
military industrial complex, regional country, military power: The policy was begun by Eisenhower; actually, it had it s roots with Truman. Eisenhower was uneasy about committing any resources to the problem, correctly forseeing the quagmire ahead and understanding completely how the military-industrial complex would...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: American History, ted nesbitt, president john adams
ted nesbitt, president john adams, thomas pickering: Dear Brittany: The first of Washington s Secretaries of State was the most famous, Thomas Jefferson: He [Washington] did not infringe upon the policy making powers that he felt the Constitution gave Congress. But the determination of foreign policy...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: American Polictics - Federalism, federal goverment, state goverments
federal goverment, state goverments, concept of federalism: Hi Lucy, I m not sure where you have been for the last fifty years, but local governments are highly dependant on the national government. Much of their money comes from the national government. Most of what they do is guided by national policies. ...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: American studies, bill of rights amendments, state governments
bill of rights amendments, state governments, government actions: Hi Sebastian, The Constitution itself, prior to any amendment was not really designed to expand liberty. Rather, it was designed to shift certain powers from the State governments to the federal government in order to create more order and allow people...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Andrew Jackson Supreme Court Appointments, dred scott decision, chief justice roger taney
dred scott decision, chief justice roger taney, supreme court appointments: Hi Ashley, Jackson s most significant appointment was Chief Justice Roger Taney. Taney certainly was less aggressive and assertive than his Predecessor John Marshal. But years later Taney was responsible for the Dred Scott decision that played a key role...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Andrew Jackson, president andrew jackson, battle of new orleans
president andrew jackson, battle of new orleans, war hero: Hi Tristan, President Andrew Jackson has appeared on various bills cince 1869. In 1929, the Treasury Department created a committee to standardize US currency when the Federal Reserve began issuing notes. That committee decided to put Jackson on the $20...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: April 25, 2005 OMB Letter, emergency appropriations bill, joshua bolten
emergency appropriations bill, joshua bolten, free news sources: Dear Todd-- Most likely the letter is not available. The Times article you cite is no longer accessible without paying a fee, but the American Prospect article refers to a letter obtained by the American Prospect -- in other words, leaked to them by an...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: April 25th, 2005 Letter from OMB to members of Congress, emergency appropriations bill, joshua bolten
emergency appropriations bill, joshua bolten, free news sources: The only thing I can suggest is contacting your U.S. House Representative and/or Senator and seeing if they can send you a copy or know how to get one. Since the letter was apparently sent to Congress, your member may have it or be able to get access to it....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: April 25th, 2005 OMB letter, emergency appropriations bill, joshua bolten
emergency appropriations bill, joshua bolten, free news sources: Hi Todd, Unfortunately, such communications are not routinely posted on the web. Have you tried e-mailing the author of the NY Times piece? I his article he says he has the letter and his e-mail is at hte bottom of the article. I ll bet he would be happy...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Assistant secretaries and under secretaries, ted nesbitt, dean acheson
ted nesbitt, dean acheson, encyclopedia britannica: Curtis: This is very complicated. Each department of the executive branch has its own structure. There are secretaries, under secretaries, assistant under secretaries, deputy secretaries, and assistant deputy secretaries. You would have to look at...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: administrative codes, administrative code, federal register
administrative code, federal register, public comment: Hi Christine, Administrative codes are usually written by executive agencies. These agencies are authorized by the legislature to create the detailed rules that are included in such codes. There are both federal and State codes created separately from...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: american constitution and its background, minority mike, tyranny of the majority
minority mike, tyranny of the majority, american constitution: In the Declaration of Independence, the founder said that governments were designed to protect man s inlienable rights, including life, liberty, the pursuit of happiness and that government was empowered to protect these rights by the consent of the governed....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: american government and politics, declaration of indepedence, abraham lincoln
declaration of indepedence, abraham lincoln, good answer: The Declaration of Independence expresses the ideal that the purpose of government is to protect the lives and rights of the people and the governments derive their authority from the consent of the governed. The main international issue during George Washington...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: american history, oliver cromwell, abraham lincoln
oliver cromwell, abraham lincoln, continental army: Hi again, The Constitution can change in any way. The only thing that cannot be amended, according to the Constitution s own terms, is that each State gets two senators. Other than that, you could do pretty much anything if you can get the votes. If...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: american history, dual sovereignty, constitutional scholar
dual sovereignty, constitutional scholar, taxation without representation: Hi Marissa, 1. The Founding Fathers did not really think they were creating a whole new political structure. Most believed they were fighting for the same political rights that Englishmen had enjoyed for centuries. The ideas of taxation without representation...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: american politics, massachusetts constitution, state constitutions
massachusetts constitution, state constitutions, decleration of independence: Hi again, The primary expressed concern was taxation without representation. The British Parliament was levying new taxes on the colonies but the colonies had no representation in Parliament to protect their interests. The American colonies had seen from...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: andrew johnson and congress, 13th and 14th amendments, president andrew johnson
13th and 14th amendments, president andrew johnson, slaves in the south: Hi again, During Johson s presidency, the 13th and 14th amendments were ratified, and the 15th Amendment was proposed. Of course, the President has no part in Constitutional Amendments though. Most of the fights during Johnson s Presidency were over...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: annan, immunity from prosecution, diplomatic immunity
immunity from prosecution, diplomatic immunity, political pundits: Hello, While political pundits call the corruption in the oil-for-food program stealing. it is not clear that it meets any legal definition that would lead to a criminal prosecution. Basically Saddam Hussein was prevented from selling Iraqi oil except...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: ap u.s history, divisive issue, new englanders
divisive issue, new englanders, domestic policies: Hi there, The rise of Andrew Jackson was the first time westerners had any representation in the White House. Up until then, all Presidents had been from either Virginia or Massachusetts. The biggest sectional issue at that time was probably tarriffs....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: assassination of the president, findlaw com casecode, legislation
findlaw com casecode, legislation: Hi Sivan, In addition to the general murder laws that are applicable in such a situation, there is a federal law making it a crime to kill or kidnap the President or his staff. You can read the law here: http://caselaw.lp.findlaw.com/casecode/uscodes/18/parts/i/chapters/84/sections/section_1751.html...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: The asymmetrical scheduling of daylight saving time, shortest day of the year, winter solstice
shortest day of the year, winter solstice, daylight savings time: Hi Dave, You are correct. The start and end of daylight savings don t really have much symmetry. It was not until 1966 that there was any national standard at all. Before that, States and localities chose whatever dates they wanted for daylight savings,...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Baker v. Carr, john harlan, absolute equality
john harlan, absolute equality, dangerous waters: Hi Frank, Justices Harlan and Frankfurter dissented in Baker v. Carr. Basically, they believed the Court was ignore decades of precedents and wading into the dangerous waters of politics. The state redistricting was a State policital issue. By not dismissing...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Barron vs Baltimore Case//Amendment 5, establishment clause of the first amendment, loop holes
establishment clause of the first amendment, loop holes, baltimore case: The case had very little impact on law and society as it simply reaffirmed what was widely understood at the time. The impact of not applying the Bill of Rights to the States and allowing for Federal Court enforcement of such rights was probably minimal as...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Bill Clinton, deposition testimony, court hearings
deposition testimony, court hearings, sexual relations: The famous phrase it depends on what the definition of is is is actually a paraphrase of what Clinton actually said. You can read the full context here: http://www.time.com/time/daily/scandal/testimony/temp4.html#a4 The answer to the second question...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Bill numbers carried over?, bill numbers, congressional bill
bill numbers, congressional bill, congresses: Hi Bruce, No bill lasts more than one Congress (two years). The two year session applies to both House and Senate. Even though Senators are elected for six years, after each two-year election, it is considered a new Congress. Unless the bills come...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Bill Reform, medicare modernization act, medicare modernization act of 2003
medicare modernization act, medicare modernization act of 2003, hidden clauses: Under current law, the government is prohibited from negotiating drug prices. I could see that changing under a Democratic President. As far as pushing through sweeping reform, President Bill Clinton had significant Democratic majorities and could not...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Bill of Rights, u s constitution, state constitution
u s constitution, state constitution, constitutional violation: Hi Eric, Good question. The legal reasoning is that localities get all their governing authority from the State government. Therefore, they cannot do anything that would exceed the authority of the State government. Thus, they are bound by the 14th Amdendment...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Bills, pettion, mrs reynolds
pettion, mrs reynolds, signitures: None -- members of Congress can introduce bills whenever they want. They can think of the bills themselves, or a single letter might convince them that a bill is a good idea. Of course, if more people show that they want something, that might help convince...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Bully Pulpit, bully pulpit, president roosevelt
bully pulpit, president roosevelt, teddy roosevelt: I appreciate your question. I m not really sure how to answer this question, or if there really is a question to answer here. If this candidate’s personality characteristic is arrogant and abrasive, then perhaps he should choose a new ideal statesman. Roosevelt...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Bush - first six months, kyoto treaty, follow ups
kyoto treaty, follow ups, us senate: Its not true at all. The first year Bush was in Office the was Clinton Last Budget. Infact there have been no budget cuts. All nominees have some negatives in there background. No one is purfect. I would avoid UK sites most are extremely biased. For example...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Bush's ruling on overtime pay..beneficial or not?, white collar workers, overtime laws
white collar workers, overtime laws, overtime rules: Hi Brianna, The recent changes to overtime rules are rather minor. In fact, they will have no impact at all on more than 95% of workers in this country. As for those who are impacted, the regulations seek to clarify which employees must be given overtime...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Bush as the worst ever, communist superpower, even keel
communist superpower, even keel, president reagan: 1. Public perception of the Iran-Contra scandal was largely negative, except for the most extreme right wingers in the country. President Reagan sold military parts to Iran and used the profits of the sales to fund covert military optionation in Nicaragua....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Bush!!!!!!!!, election poll, texas cowboy
election poll, texas cowboy, texans: Why is Bush so mean? Not a clue Why are we still over there? Give the Dems a chance, they ve yet to take formal control Why is he such a stubborn Texas cowboy and just does not listen to us? That s what Texans are precieved to be. Why can t we get rid of...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Business and Profession Code, accurate interpretation, business and professions code
accurate interpretation, business and professions code, state courts: I m not sure even what code you are talking about. Is this a State law? If so, what State? Also, keep in mind that while I can give my opinions about a code, for a thorough and accurate interpretation of law, you need to consult an attorney licensed to...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: bil of right in the democratic governor, freedom of press, democratic governor
freedom of press, democratic governor, jury trials: Hi there, I don t think such freedoms are particularly important to a Governor any more than anyone else. However, they are considered important by most people because a free press is how we can be best assured that the people are exposed to the issues...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: The billing process, pocket veto, committee chairmen
pocket veto, committee chairmen, committees: Hi Amber, I assume we are talking about the federal government process. This site explains in great detail howe the process works. If you have any specific questions about it, feel free to send a follow up: http://thomas.loc.gov/home/lawsmade.toc.html...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: branches of government and rights of individuals, bureacracy, branch of government
bureacracy, branch of government, judicial branch: Hi, The legislative branch makes laws that are designed to protect or create new rights. The executive branch uses its enforcment power and administrative bureacracy to help protect rights. The judicial branch provides enforcment through the court system....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: budget & spending, oversight committees, congressional oversight
oversight committees, congressional oversight, criminal act: Hello, Congress is responsible for appropriating every penny spent by the government. Congressional oversight committees oversee various portions of the government. They can subpoena records, demand reports force officials to appear before them in committee...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: budgets, democrats and republicans, man woman and child
democrats and republicans, man woman and child, mortgage deduction: Hi Ryan, The federal government spends well over $2,000,000,000,000.00 each year. That is a cost of almost $8000 for every man, woman, and child living in the US. In other words, the average family of four must pay over $30,000 to the federal government....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: CA State Legislature, ca state assembly, dear louis
ca state assembly, dear louis, county govt: Dear Louis, I admire your interest, but this is getting to be more than I can easily answer in this format. Very quickly: the state and federal governments exist independently of each other, with responsibilities and powers of each defined by the Constitution...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: California history, rumford fair housing act, executive order 9066
rumford fair housing act, executive order 9066, internment camps: Hi Dolly, The Townsend Plan was the initial proposal that eventually became Social Security. You can read about it here: http://www.ssa.gov/history/towns5.html Executive Order 9066 authorized deportation of Japanese Americans to internment camps...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Campaign Finance, congressman marty meehan, lawrence eagle tribune
congressman marty meehan, lawrence eagle tribune, marty meehan: Dear Ashlee, Just quickly, and I may be wrong, my understanding is that he can spend it on a federal campaign, or make contributions to another federal candidate, but he cannot spend it on a state campaign, or give to state candidates. When Brian Donnelly...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Campaign Help, student council elections, student council election
student council elections, student council election, polling place: Short of appearing nude in the cafeteria, you are probably not going to find a catchy enough gimmick. I strongly suspect that you win a student council election the same way you win any election for a lower-level office, namely, approaching individual voters...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Changing political party, party preference, party platform
party preference, party platform, presidential election: You should vote who your feel confortable voting for. In a general election you can vote for anyone you choose. You need not change party to do that. If you feel more comforable with another party then join that party. If its a single candidate I would...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Chief Justice Nominee John Roberts, senate judiciary committee, vice president cheney
senate judiciary committee, vice president cheney, ted nesbitt: Dear Kiran: The Senate Judiciary Committee does NOT confirm Roberts. The committee only decides whether or not his nomination will be recommended to the full Senate. The committee can vote to confirm with their recommendation OR they can vote to confirm...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: China economy & the United States, rising hegemon, containment policies
rising hegemon, containment policies, weapons proliferation: Hi Phil, Short of going to war and destroying them (which is not going to happen) there is little the US can do to prevent China from developing into a major power. What the US policy has been since the 1970 s is to try to remain on friendly terms...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Circleating e-mail., social security retirement, social security program
social security retirement, social security program, eleanor roosevelt: Hi Jerry, Like most e-mails floating around the Internet, this one seems to play rather fast and loose with the facts. I can t speak to what Elliott Roosevelt may have said about his parents while sitting out by the swimming pool, but as tot the facts...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Citizenship and the Presidency, ratification of the 14th amendment, privileges and immunities
ratification of the 14th amendment, privileges and immunities, born citizen: Well, it s not written down anywhere. It is simply what happened. The closest the Constution comes to saying it is Article IV, Sec. 2 The citizens of each state shall be entitled to all privileges and immunities of citizens in the several states. But...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: City Council, city structure, discretion
city structure, discretion: Hi Frank, City structure can vary greatly from town to town, but here is generally how it works: A City Council is a group of leaders, usually elected, that make laws for the city, usually along with the Mayor. A City Manager is unelected and usually...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Civil unions vs gay marriage, gay civil union, supporters of gay marriage
gay civil union, supporters of gay marriage, homosexual activists: Hi there, It is really not known at this time since civil unions have not been well defined. In most cases, civil unions seem to be given exactly the same rights as marriages. If that is the case, there really is no difference. The only issue would be...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Committee of Conference, legislative chambers, legislative assembly
legislative chambers, legislative assembly, conference committee: I appreciate your question. A Conference Committee convenes in a bicameral legislative assembly (e.g. Congress, State Legislature) when two houses of the legislative assembly pass two different version of the same bill. Members are appointed to these committees...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Common knowledge, pbs stations, actuarial science
pbs stations, actuarial science, face the nation: Hi there, The best way to learn about inside politics is to be inside yourself. Try volunteering for a campaign or doing an internship with a politician. Congressmen have local offices where you could volunteer, possibly for school credit. If you don...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Conditional Party Government, personal charisma, science professors
personal charisma, science professors, constituent service: Hi Paul, The only people I know that use the term responsible parties in this context or Political Science Professors, and writers at a few liberal think tanks. In my opinion, it is a form of spin . Everything favors responsibility and being responsible,...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Congress, presidential appointments, powers of congress
presidential appointments, powers of congress, state legislatures: Hi there, A Senator is elected for six years. A Representative is elected for two years. Senators are generally considered more powerful because if you are a Senator, you are one of one hundred. If you are a Representative you are one of 435. A bill...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Congress, charles cole claiborne, us house of representatives
charles cole claiborne, us house of representatives, henry clay: Hi there, The youngest ever was William Charles Cole Claiborne. He represented Tennessee from 1797-1801. He was first elected at the age of 22. Despite the fact that Constitution explicitly states that members must be at least 25 years old, he was apparently...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Congress and the Presidency, line item veto, republican national committee
line item veto, republican national committee, democratic national committee: Hi Kate, Sorry it has taken me a while to reply. First, I would dispute your textbook in the following assertions. 1. Congressmen while not answerable to a party boss (that sounds kind of 1930ish) generally do have to answer to party leaders like...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Congress under Reagon's 1st term, reagon, republican majority
reagon, republican majority, 8 years: Hi Jacque, The Democrats controlled the House from the Mid-1950 s until 1994, including all of Pres. Reagan s 8 years. In the Senate, Pres. Reagan s 1980 election swept a Republican majority into the Senate. The Republicans maintained the majority from...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Congress vacation, recess time, federal bureaucracy
recess time, federal bureaucracy, federal holidays: Hi Marissa, Congress is usually on recess about one week each month and usually the entire month of August. But during recess, most Congressional offices remain open and staffers are working. Most members use recess time to tend to things in their district,...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: How Does Congress Work?, cloture vote, cq weekly
cloture vote, cq weekly, congress work: Dear Frank, The basic explanation is the Senate s rule of unlimited debate. Debate is not really unlimited -- it can be ended by a cloture vote, but that requires an extraordinary majority of 60% of the members (not just 60% of those voting), and there...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Congress, presidential appointments, few differences
presidential appointments, few differences, term time: The Senate and the House of Representatives have pretty much the same functions. A bill can be initiated by either body, and must be passed by both before it can be sent to the President for signature or veto. There are only a few differences: --Presidential...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Congressional Ethics, federal depository library, center for responsive politics
federal depository library, center for responsive politics, congressional ethics: Dear Carl, I don t know of such a study -- and if there is one, I am not sure that the results would be what you would expect. Members of Congress amass millions in their campaign funds, but they are no longer able to convert those funds for personal use...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Congressional Funding, senate appropriations committees, supplemental appropriation
senate appropriations committees, supplemental appropriation, irag war: The president would draft a bill, called a supplemental appropriation, and send it to Congress; it would actually be introduced by the members of Congress == probably the Republican leaders of the House and Senate appropriations committees. Usually all supplemental...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Congressional fringe benefit & Foreign Aid, fringe benefit, congressional research service
fringe benefit, congressional research service, generous members: Hi Tom, Not suprisingly, members of congress don t like to publicize the various benefits they give themselves. The base salareies and pensions are outlined here: http://usgovinfo.miningco.com/library/weekly/aa031200a.htm Of course, most of the costs...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Congressional politics, democrat jon corzine, republican presidential nomination
democrat jon corzine, republican presidential nomination, slade gorton: From http://www.opensecrets.org/pressreleases/Post-Election2000.htm Candidates who plowed their personal fortunes into their election bids found mixed results on election day, with Senate millionaires generally faring better than their counterparts seeking...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Congressional Spending, writing letters, tax dollars
writing letters, tax dollars, expenditures: Dear Nevin, The first part of your question is unanwerable, since it is based on a disputable claim. You would have to specify what those expenditures you consider wasteful are. I can make the general remark, though, that most expenditures have some people...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: the Constitution, legal insider, insider trading
legal insider, insider trading, fiduciary duty: Hi Michael, I think you are referring to the situation where the federal government agreed to assume debts from the Revolutionary war. Before that, it was unclear that they would ever be paid, so creditors were selling them on a great discount. People...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Constitution, 13th 14th and 15th amendments, 14th and 15th amendments
13th 14th and 15th amendments, 14th and 15th amendments, fourteenth amendments: Hi Mike The rights of the accused are covered by Amendments 5-8 of the Constitution: All indictments for serious crimes must go to a grand jury. No accused shall be tried twice for the same crime, forced to be a witness against himself, or be denied...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: The Constitution, the Court, and Race Relations, court interpretations, race relations
court interpretations, race relations, coworkers: I don t understand -- what are they arguing about? Please clarify. As for what the Constitution says, the document is widely available, so you should have no problem finding a copy to consult. But I don t understand what the argument is about the first...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: The US Constitution and Guns, billofrights, dodgey
billofrights, dodgey, us constitution: The Second Amendment guarentees the right to keep and bear arms. Arms is just an old word that means guns or other weapons. To bear them means to carry them around with you. You can read the full Second Amendment here: http://www.law.cornell.edu/constitution/constitution.billofrights.html...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Constitution, high school students, school house
high school students, school house, constitutional rights: Hi Andrew, The Constitution covers everyone, including high school students. They have the same rights as everyone else. You may not have certain rights due to age (such as the right to vote if under 18) but that is due to age, not your status as a student....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Constitutional, writ of mandamus, marbury v madison
writ of mandamus, marbury v madison, court of original jurisdiction: Hi Frank, The legal reasoning behind Marbury is that the Constitution specifies that in most cases the Supreme Court only has appellate jurisdiction, not original jusisdiction. This means, they can hear appeals from other courts but people cannot file...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Constitutions, army and navy, commander in chief of the army
army and navy, commander in chief of the army, text of the constitution: Hi there, The Constitution is rather clear that only has Congress has the power to declare war. It makes the President the Commander-in-chief of the Army and Navy, and gives him the authority to run a war, but only Congress could declare a war. Where...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Contract Clause, charles river bridge, bridge over the river
charles river bridge, bridge over the river, free market competition: Hi Frank, I am not sure I see how the case was in any way a step in the decline of the power of the contract clause. The owners of the bridge had a state charter to operate a toll bridge. However, as the Court pointed out, they did not have an EXCLUSIVE...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: checks and balances & war, southern sympathizers, abraham lincoln
southern sympathizers, abraham lincoln, war situations: Hi there, The same checks and balances that exist in government at any other time also exist in time of war. However, sometimes officials do not maintain those checks because they feel a need to unite behind one leader or are afraid that protecting certain...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: checks and balances & war, war situations, air strikes
war situations, air strikes, south vietnam: The basic checks is as follows. The House of Representatives has the power to declare war. Both houses of Congress must approve the spending of money. The President is commander in Chief and control the military. Formal War has not been declared since...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: christmas, ted nesbitt, king herod
ted nesbitt, king herod, male babies: Dear Stoo -- Why you would send this kind of question to an expert in Presidential and Congressional [that s United States] Politics is beyond my comprehension, but here is the answer, from a Jewish history article: There are other archived letters which...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: conceding the election, conceding an election, dick cheney
conceding an election, dick cheney, john kerry: Dear Lois, As your question implies, conceding an election has no legal effect. The winner is whoever gets the most votes -- or, in the case of the Presidency, a majority of the electoral votes -- as certified by the authorities who are legally responsible...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: congress, first amenment, pledge of allegiance
first amenment, pledge of allegiance, constitutionality: Dear Tania, First, just to be clear -- the Supreme Court is not going to make it illegal to recite the Pledge of Allegiance, as your right to that is clearly protected by the Constitution, viz., the First Amenment. Only a law can be unconstitutional, such...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: congress, opposition team, us senate
opposition team, us senate, rare occasions: I guess it depends on the context. In US national government, ratify applies to consideration of a treaty by the US Senate. The Senate does not negotiate the treaty itself, and they cannot amend it -- but they have to ratify (i.e., approve) the treaty before...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: congress, barbie dolls, opposition team
barbie dolls, opposition team, c span: I m sorry - you re making one notable mistake: trying to apply logic and plain meaning to the United States Congress. Without writing a treatise on how 535 lawyers (and their staffs of lawyers) can screw up something so simple, let me give you one plausible...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: congress, pointless waste of time, proposed constitutional amendment
pointless waste of time, proposed constitutional amendment, opposition team: Hi Jon, Ratification is an official approval of some item such as a law. Ratification is not normally a term used when a legislature creates legislation. Rather, it is an approval process such as when States ratify a proposed Constitutional Amendment....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: congress, how many representatives are there in congress, hi bob
how many representatives are there in congress, hi bob, delegates: Hi Bob, There are 435 Representatives in the House of Representatives plus 5 non-voting delegates from non-states (DC, Puerto Rico, etc). Members serve two-year terms. There are also 100 Senators who serve six-year terms. I hope this helps! - Mike...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: congressional history, vote tallies, social security act
vote tallies, social security act, ssa gov: Hi Dewie, You can find a reproduction of the vote tallies on the SSA, including the names of those who voted for and against here: http://www.ssa.gov/history/tally.html I don t know how many opponents survivied their next election, but if they were...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: congressional riders, pork barrel spending, pork barrel projects
pork barrel spending, pork barrel projects, honest politician: Hi Cathy, The practice of attaching unrelated amendments to a bill goes back to the beginning of Congress, and was used by earlier legislatures before that. Legislators frequently combine unrelated issues in order to fashion a compromise in order to pass...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: congressional succession, mid term, congressman
mid term, congressman, amount of time: Dear Rob, First of all, you are not quite right about the situatio when a senator dies (or resigns mid-term). What actually happens depends on how much of the senator s term remains. If it is more than two years, there will normally be an election to fill...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: congressional succession, ted nesbitt, constitution article
ted nesbitt, constitution article, u s constitution: Dear Lucy: Here is the rule from the U. S. Constitution: How is a vacancy filled in the event of the death, resignation or declination (refusal to serve) of a Representative? The Constitution (Article I, Section 2, Clause 4) requires that all vacancies...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: constituion of the us, exact replicas, hi amy
exact replicas, hi amy, national archives: Hi Amy, The original Constitution is in the National Archives in Washington. Everything else is a copy. Some of the older copies can be worth a few bucks. Most of the really old copies that are of a significant value are not exact replicas by reprints...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: constitution, state governments, framers
state governments, framers, senators: Hi Gabriel, The framers did not have requirements for election of Senators. Senators were appoited by State governments. the idea was that the house elected by the people for two year terms would be the voice of the people, while the Senate, where members...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: constitution, constitutional clause, earler
constitutional clause, earler, primary election: Hi there, I think the ruling is that holding the vote at the same time as a primary election is the same as a special election. In other words, the special election on the amendment and the primary election are being held at the same place at the same...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: One country; two political systems, muslim population, belief structure
muslim population, belief structure, muslim country: Correct, do think the UK could have honor killings for example in areas with Muslums? Its would be 1st degree murder in the rest of the nation. Islamic woman could be whipped or for being raped, while the rest of the nation sees them as victims? Its completely...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: One country; two political systems, belief structure, liberal democracy
belief structure, liberal democracy, muslim countries: In theory, I guess it would be nice if we could have localities taylor their own rules to suit diverse groups of people. But in reality, this cannot happen. Do you really believe the British would tolerate a fundamentalist Islamic community that banned women...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: was the country prosperous..., john quincy adams, jmu edu
john quincy adams, jmu edu, teacher curriculum: Hi You can examine his state of the Union here http://odur.let.rug.nl/~usa/P/jqa6/ These other links should answer your questions http://www.whitehouse.gov/history/presidents/ja6.html http://www.jmu.edu/madison/center/main_pages/teacher/curriculum/chap5.ht...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Dartmouth decision, federalist paper number 10, dartmouth alumnus
federalist paper number 10, dartmouth alumnus, justice john marshall: It is indeed a pleasure to receive your question although my area of expertise is presidential and congressional politics, not judicial politics. However, I will attempt to respond to your question of the Dartmouth case from a historical-analytical perspective....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Death Penalty, deathpenaltyinfo, gas chamber
deathpenaltyinfo, gas chamber, electric chair: Hi there, Currently, 38 states have a death penalty available. However, some of them almost never use it. In more than a dozen of those states, you could count the number executions in the last 30 years on one hand. All states that have a death penalty,...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Declaration of Independence, 13 colonies, hi amy
13 colonies, hi amy, allegience: Hi Amy, The Declaration of Independence is exactly what it says it is: a declaration . It is not a law or collection of laws. It is simply a statement to England saying that the 13 colonies now considered themselves to be independent states with no tie...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: The Deficit, us savings bonds, federal bonds
us savings bonds, federal bonds, u s treasury: Dear Bettie: Well, let me try! Every year, the federal government takes in a certain amount of money -- revenue -- from taxes, fees, etc. It also pays out a certain amount of money -- expenditures. If revenue is greater than expenditures, there is a...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Definition, international barriers, parlance
international barriers, parlance, liberalism: Hi Frank, Liberalism simply means support for change and reform in society on a fast but orderly basis. Neo simply means new. So a neoliberal is someone who supports change but in a way different from the old liberals of past years. In moder parlance,...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Differences Republican and Democrat, union republicans, protectionist legislation
union republicans, protectionist legislation, replublican: Hi Ursuala, It is easy to get confused, because many voters and elected officials who identify with one party often hold views on issues associated with the other party. For examples, Republicans are traditionally considered more free trade, opposed to...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Is Disney Exempt from State/Federal Laws?, florida state government, disney world in florida
florida state government, disney world in florida, walt disney world: Gosh, are you the real O. J.? There is some truth to the assertion that WDW has its own laws, because the corporation has been exempted from various labor and transportation laws over the years. But, these exemptions have not reached the point that...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Dogs, ted nesbitt, tail wags
ted nesbitt, tail wags, sheffield university: Andrew: I hope this answer reaches you. I have been trying for four hours to send it, and there has been a problem with the Allexperts system. The Phrase Finder, from Sheffield University in England defines the tail wagging the dog as an item or...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Domestic political terms, civil servant, city counsel
civil servant, city counsel, medieval england: Hi again, Well the short answer is not much . Both are individual units created by the various states (except for Louisiana which uses parishes and Alaska which uses borroughs instead of counties). The idea of both is to administer government at...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Dubya, ted nesbitt, president george bush
ted nesbitt, president george bush, senator kerry: Dear Senator Kerry: Since you are running against him and hoping to defeat him, you need to know the answer to the dubya question. In order to distinguish George Bush [the father] from George Bush [the son], some people began to call him by his middle...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Dubya, president george bush, george w bush
president george bush, george w bush, double u: He there, The name Dubya was made up by the press during the 2000 campaign (at least that s the first time I saw it) as a way to say W (i.e. saying Double-U becomes dubya with poor pronounciation). This was done because the President called himeself...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: daylight saving time, ted nesbitt, uniform time act
ted nesbitt, uniform time act, energy policy act: Habeeb: Individual states and localities have the choice of following the law or not. Arizona and Hawaii do NOT use Daylight Savings Time at all. The original law was called The Uniform Time Act of 1966. You can google for it online. More recently,...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: death penalty, henry lee lucas, executions in texas
henry lee lucas, executions in texas, pardons and parole: In terms of who the Governors were at any particular time I do not have a cross reference. The Goveronor really has little in the trial, convicition, appeals and the sentence carried out. In many states a Governor can commute a sentence or pardon a person....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: deficit, future generations, peopel
future generations, peopel, federal deficit: Hi Jerry, The deficit means the government has to borrow more money to pay for thing where it does not have enough money collected through taxes. Higher borrowing usually means higher interest rates and less available cash for other peopel since the government...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: delegate assignment, ted nesbitt, dennis kucinich
ted nesbitt, dennis kucinich, nominating conventions: Kate: Both the Democrat and Republican Parties are guilty of this kind of under the table, but legal, trickery. They have delegates to the nominating conventions called super delegates. Some of these delegates make their commitments known to particular...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: disadvantages of citiy strategies of econ. dev., industrial revenue bonds, defaulted loans
industrial revenue bonds, defaulted loans, private lenders: The main disadvantage of any of the techniques described is that it costs the city money. In each case, the city is either lending money directly to businesses, in the case of bonds, or failing to collect tax revenues in the case of abatements or financing....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: discrimination, minor students, coughlin
minor students, coughlin, school principal: Hi Calder, This is outside my area, but I can tell you that the courts have held consistently that schools have more right to dictate to their minor students than, say, a business might have to it s adult customers. My advice? Call the ACLU...and wear...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: dv lottery, diversity lottery, dv lottery
diversity lottery, dv lottery, private companies: Hi Jane, My understanding of the diversity lottery is that it provides 55,000 visas per year. Once all the visas have been distributed for the year, the lottery closes for that year and waits for the following year. Sites that require payment are usually...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: dwight d.eisenhower, panama canal zone, dwight d eisenhower
panama canal zone, dwight d eisenhower, madison wis: Hi Dorothy, From 1922 to 1924, Eisenhower was serving as executive officer of Camp Gaillard, in the Panama Canal Zone. Therefore, I doubt the postcard was his. Ike was a common name back in that time, so it likely belongs to someone else. If you are...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Econ. Dev, development geography, fiscal constraints
development geography, fiscal constraints, city improvements: Hi Frank, Local government is typically in competition with lots of other local governments to improve its quality of life. To do this, it typically has to increase its tax base by bringing in rich people who will pay higher property taxes than services...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Economy, financial panic, time of peace
financial panic, time of peace, national economy: The national economy was basically good. It was a time of Peace and prosperity. The government was running a surplus and I believe he was the only President to completely eliminate the federal debt. However, because of some of Jackson s backing policies,...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Education, government spending on education, federal goverment
government spending on education, federal goverment, state and local governments: Hi Fran, I dont agree with your premise. Overall, government spending on education is far higher than military spending. Some people think military spending is higher because the *federal* government spends more on military. This year, the government...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: ELECTORIAL COLLEGE, party loyalty, who are the electors
party loyalty, who are the electors, president candidate: Electors are elected by the voters. When you go into a poll and vote for President, you are not actually voting for a President Candidate. You are voting for a slate of Electors chosen by the President s Party in the State. Electors are usually chosen...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Election 2004, uncounted ballots, electroal college
uncounted ballots, electroal college, vote victory: Dear Lucas, If the provisional votes in Ohio are counted, and they give John Kerry a plurality in the state, he will get Ohio s electoral votes, and presumbably would then be elected President. He conceded because he believes that such an event is mathematically...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Elections, general election ballot, party nominee
general election ballot, party nominee, presidential election: Hi Cindy, The primary is basically a whole separate election to determine who is the party nominee on the general election ballot. You can vote in either one or both or neither. However, to vote in this year s election, you should make sure you are...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Elections vs. appointments, replacements, senators
replacements, senators, remainder: Hi, Sorry for the other answer I hit the wrong button. I have noticed that when U.S. senators and representatives retire, special elections are sometimes held to find replacements. In the case of the Senate the states Governor appoints a temporary...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Elections, ward elections, city elections
ward elections, city elections, city votes: Hi Frank, Some city elections elect members from smaller districts called wards. Just like a state is divided into Congressional districts to elect Congressment, cities divide into wards to elect council members or other officials. Other cities elect...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Electoral College, republican electors, paper ballots
republican electors, paper ballots, who wrote the constitution: Dear Scott, The Electoral College is not a standing body; it is elected every four years in November, casts its votes in December, and then goes out of existence. When you vote for President, you are not really voting directly for that office, but rather...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Electoral College, abolishing the electoral college, state boundaries
abolishing the electoral college, state boundaries, small states: A state s electoral votes are equal to the number of representatives plus the number of senators from that state. Since all states have the same number of senators, that means that small states are overrepresented. On the other hand, the use of the unit...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Energy bill, ted nesbitt, google search
ted nesbitt, google search, google: Sam: The bill was introduced into the House of Representatives about two years ago. Although it passed in the House, it has been stalled in the Senate. It is more than 1,000 pages in length. If you want to read all of it, here is the full text: ...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Ex Parte McCardle Question, dred scott decision, dred scott decision of 1857
dred scott decision, dred scott decision of 1857, political compromises: Hi again Frank, In Ex Parte McCardle, the Court s reasoning was that Article III, Section 2 of the Constitution gives Congress the authority create exceptions to Court jurisdiction. It held here that the Congress exercised that authority by taking away...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Ex Parte Quirin, right against self incrimination, military tribunal
right against self incrimination, military tribunal, war powers: Hi Frank, In Ex Parte Quirin, the Supreme Court held that several Nazi Saboteurs caught in the US could be punished for violating the laws of war and were not entitled to civilian protections such as the right against self incrimination and jury trial because...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Executive immunity & privilege, executive privilege, presidential aides
executive privilege, presidential aides, executive branch: Hi Phillip, Executive Privilege means that certain documents or questions are privileged and cannot be obtained during discovery or by other means because doing so would interfere with the deliberative process within the Executive Branch. In other words,...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Executive Orders, members of the executive branch, congress votes
members of the executive branch, congress votes, president signs: Executive orders are instructions by the President to members of the Executive branch. They can remain in place permanently unless revoked by the President, or are overridden by law or voided as unconstitutional by the Courts. Executive orders are not laws....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Existance of the office of the Attorny General, attorny general, usdoj gov
attorny general, usdoj gov, intitution: Hello, Yes, the Attorney General is the head of the Department of Justice and a member of the Presidential Cabinet. The Attorney General advises the President on legal matters affecting the country and is in charge of most federal law enforcement matters....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: elected officials' earnings, ethics rules, earning income
ethics rules, earning income, members of congress: Hi Meaghan, In general, Senators and Members of Congress may not earn outside income by taking a paid job with another employer. However, they may collect money on investments, rents, and royalties. Sen. Hatch was likely not paid any salary for making...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: election history, dwight eisenhower, richard nixon
dwight eisenhower, richard nixon, election history: Hi Toni, Reagan was Governor of California. Carter was Governor of Georgia. Nixon was Vice President and before that was a Senator for California. Kennedy was a Senator from Massachusetts. Eisenhower was an army General. I hope this helps! - Mike...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: elections, presidential electors, national elections
presidential electors, national elections, first monday: Hello, Thanks for your question. I took the following from a book I have. The short answer is that in 1845 Congress set the date of national elections on the Tuesday following the first Monday in November. The longer answer is that in 1792, Congress...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: electoral college, g w bush, electoral system
g w bush, electoral system, electors: Dear Camilla, I am sorry to have to tell you that 48 of the 50 states use the winner-take-all system of choosing Electors. That s why there was such a big fuss about Florida in 2000 -- when he officially won the state by 579 votes, G.W. Bush got all of...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: erisa 1974, president gerald r ford, employee retirement income
president gerald r ford, employee retirement income, employee retirement income security: Larry: I have spent three hours working on ERISA information for you, so I apologize in advance for any typos -- I m tired and need sleep. ERISA -- The Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974 was introduced in the House of Representatives on...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Facts About U.S. Presidents, president william clinton, president gerald r ford
president william clinton, president gerald r ford, william henry harrison: Hi Gina, Benjamin Harrison was the Grandsopn of William Henry Harrison. There have actually been seven left handed Presidents: James Garfield - 20th President Herbert Hoover - 31st President Harry S Truman - 33rd President Gerald R Ford - 38th...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: FDR, confident leadership, franklin roosevelt
confident leadership, franklin roosevelt, governmental reforms: Franklin Roosevelt first got elected because his opponent Herbert Hoover was blamed for the Great Depression. FDR was generally credited with releiving the suffering of the depression through a series of governmental reforms during his first administration....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Federal Campaign Laws, federal campaign laws, federal campaigns
federal campaign laws, federal campaigns, issue advocacy: Any contribution by a corporation to a candidate is against the law. However, the individual employees, officers, and board members of a corportation can contribute to a PAC, which can then contribute to candidates, up to $5,000 per candidate per election....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Fiscal & Monetary policies, stable economies, economy government
stable economies, economy government, experties: Hi Frank, Monetary policy is that which sets how plentiful money and credit is in the economy. If it is not plentiful enough, you get a recession. If it is too plentiful, you get inflation. The Federal Reserve controls US monetary policy through interest...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Former President running as VP, constitutional validity, constitutional officer
constitutional validity, constitutional officer, cabinet positions: Hello, The 1972 anti-nepotism law prohibits close relatives from being appointed to cabinet positions. However the Vice President is not an appointed cabinet member. He is a Constitutional officer elected along with the President. Congress is constitutionally...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Former Presidents, knock out punch, former president clinton
knock out punch, former president clinton, 12th amendment: Hi Matt, There is legal debate on this point. The 22nd Amendment limits a President from running for office if he has already served two terms. The 12th Amendment says a Vice President must be eligible to be President. My view is that since the 22nd...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Former two term president., 12th amendment, 22nd amendment
12th amendment, 22nd amendment, admendment: Hi there, It s debatable. The Supreme Court has never had the opportunity to rule on the issue, but I suspect it would be legal. The 12th Amendment says no person constitutionally ineligible to the office of President shall be eligible to that of Vice-President......

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Founders, free speech rights, individual rights
free speech rights, individual rights, declaration of independence: Hi Linda, I think the founders, like most people, were quite divided on the issue and came down differently based on the circumstances. Certainly, individual rights were very important to them. Many of the issues laid out in the Declaration of Independence,...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Franklin Pierce, compromise of 1850, nebraska act
compromise of 1850, nebraska act, kansas nebraska: Hi Sarah, The most critical issue of the period was the expansion of slavery into new territories. During the Pierce Adminstration, the most controvsial legislation was the Kansas-Nebraska Act, which repealed the compromise of 1850 and let the people decide...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: 1920s-Republicans/progressivism
Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: 1920s-Republicans/progressivism

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: 22nd amendment, cordell hull, chairman of the democratic national committee
Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: 22nd amendment, cordell hull, chairman of the democratic national committee, postmaster general

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Conditional Party Government, connection theory, party activists
Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Conditional Party Government, connection theory, party activists, honest to goodness

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: government, government acts, checks and balances
Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: government, government acts, checks and balances, federal government

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: government, ratification, number 3
Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: government, ratification, number 3, treaties

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: history, eisenhower doctrine, middle east nation
Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: history, eisenhower doctrine, middle east nation, power hunger

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Lyndon Baines Johnson and the Civil Rights Act, coughlin, stacy
Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Lyndon Baines Johnson and the Civil Rights Act, coughlin, stacy, best wishes

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: How many laws are there in U.S.?
Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: How many laws are there in U.S.?

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: How many lawyers are in Congress?, economic strata, average joe
Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: How many lawyers are in Congress?, economic strata, average joe, members of congress

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Marbury decision, marbury vs madison case, marbury vs madison
Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Marbury decision, marbury vs madison case, marbury vs madison, judicial review

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Marbury v. Madison, marbury v madison, definition of judicial review
Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Marbury v. Madison, marbury v madison, definition of judicial review, s vision

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: President Nixon and the Watergate Scandal., election status, president nixon
Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: President Nixon and the Watergate Scandal., election status, president nixon, campaign plans

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Presidential Terms, constiution, u s constitution
Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Presidential Terms, constiution, u s constitution, george w bush

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: The political process, other ones, melissa
Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: The political process, other ones, melissa, correct answers

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: no subject, chief legislator, economic planner
Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: no subject, chief legislator, economic planner, chief diplomat

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: presidents re-elected, president grover cleveland, president garfield
Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: presidents re-elected, president grover cleveland, president garfield, grover cleveland

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Rep Vs. Dem, sooo, republicans
Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Rep Vs. Dem, sooo, republicans, democrats

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Robert Kennedy, jack paar, robert kennedy
Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Robert Kennedy, jack paar, robert kennedy, rfk

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: federalism, federalism issues, types of federalism
federalism issues, types of federalism, state immunity: Hi again, Yes, there are always exceptions. One is that although you cannot sue the government, you can sue government officials in their official capacities for injunctive relief. You can also sue officials for damages if they violate clear and well...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: financing the campaign, political action committees, party pacs
political action committees, party pacs, american federation of teachers: I m not sure what almanac you are using or who you are defining spending (is it contributions to federal candidates, all candidates, or spending in general?). However, the five non-party pacs that have spent the most total money in 2003-04 are as follows:...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: finding objective information, almanac of american politics, factcheck org
almanac of american politics, factcheck org, vp cheney: Hi Dave, It is said that in war, truth is the first casualty. I think the same could be applied to political campaigns. Most of the so-called neutral sites do very little in the way of telling you much about positions on issues. They tend to focus...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: General question, introductory textbook, presidential form of government
introductory textbook, presidential form of government, form of government: The difference is that the president is elected by the voters (more or less, we have an electoral college), rather than by the lower house of parliament. As for the advantages and disadvantages, that is too complex a question to be answered simply. Any introductory...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: General question, presidential form of government, national candidate
presidential form of government, national candidate, vote getters: Hi there, In truth, the framers of our system thought that it would work much like your parliamentary system. People would vote for electors who then choose a President. In the event that no one candidate got more than 50% of the electoral vote then Congress...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: General, stocks and bonds, money demand
stocks and bonds, money demand, central banks: Hi Paul, There are many factors that can affect the demand for money. A reduction in the interest rate. A rise in the demand for consumer spending. A rise in uncertainty about the future and future opportunities. A rise in transaction costs to...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: George Washington Advisors, personal servants, formal group
personal servants, formal group, protecting the president: Hi Amy, During Washington s administration, things were a lot simpler. The entire government consisted of fewer than 1000 full time employees, most of those being soldiers or postmen. President Washington used his cabinet as his advisory counsel. He...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: GOVERMENT, list of the amendments, power of congress
list of the amendments, power of congress, 14th amendment: Hi there, You can answer the first three questions yourself simply by looking at a list of the Amendments, available here: http://www.law.cornell.edu/constitution/constitution.table.html#amendments The 14th Amendment was proposed on June 16, 1866...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Govenment, primaries and caucuses, nomination system
primaries and caucuses, nomination system, party nomination: Hi again, The Supreme Court typically gives the President a great deal of discretion in how the government is managed. It has upheld broad regulatory power and the use of executive orders and executive agreements. It has also broadened the scope of federal...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: The Government, iowa gop, who is the president of the senate
iowa gop, who is the president of the senate, electorial college: 1) The President of the Senate is usually the Vice President of the United States 2) Now here I have to admit that you ve stumped me. I thought that each state s party select their electors (for instance Iowa GOP select their electors and Iowa Dem select...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Government, ww ii, monarchy
ww ii, monarchy, macarthur: Well in Japan the Constitution was written by Doug MacArthur after the Japanese were unable to come up with a workable one. That was his choose. He looked at the Constitution Monarchy of the UK as a model. The needed to keep the thier King to make this workable....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Governor Galvez, lower mississippi valley, british colonial forces
lower mississippi valley, british colonial forces, capital of louisiana: Hi Ava, I m assuming you are talking about Bernardo de Gálvez y Madrid, Count of Gálvez, who was Governor of Louisiana during the American Revolution. Galvez s main goal was to protect Spanish territories, as well as attempt to retake Florida for Spain....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: GSA transfer of land, nike missile site, member of congress
nike missile site, member of congress, legal question: Dear Ira, This is a complicated legal question, and I don t have a clue. However, I do have a suggestion: get in touch with your member of Congress, and get him or her on your side. Congress very frequently votes to transfer federal land to local government,...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: who would be a good person to write a law suggestion to?, 26th congressional district, grass roots campaign
26th congressional district, grass roots campaign, district ps: While I m not a member of Congress, I believe you ll have a very difficult time getting any positive response to your suggestion. Freedom of the press is a bedrock of our Constitutional government, and no government official would ever publicly state that...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: government, tyrannical rulers, checks and balances system
tyrannical rulers, checks and balances system, acts of congress: Hi Mariah, 1. Yes, I d call that checks and balances. 3. I think you mean powers by the Senate but not the House. The Senate only has powers given to it by the Constitution. The Senate has power for removal after the House impeaches, but the House...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: government, checks and balances system, imperial presidency
checks and balances system, imperial presidency, executive appointment: Hi Mariah, You re correct on everything but part of #3. The powers given exclusively to the Senate are not to impeach, but to prosecute an impeachment. The House of Representatives holds the right to impeachment; the Senate holds the actual impeachment...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: government, soverin, central governments
soverin, central governments, federal system of government: In #1, you re correct. In #2, that is a false statement. Cities with home rule must still adhere to the laws of the state, just as state laws must follow federal laws. Home rule allows cities to pass any laws they see fit, but only within the parameters...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: government, taft hartley act, american federation of labor
taft hartley act, american federation of labor, knights of labor: 1. I guess I d go with false too. The avoidance of entangling alliances had more to do with not having direct enemies who could threaten the US. 2. Yes, the US was the main supporter of the UN. 3. Well, the Soviet Union does not exist any more, but...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: government, anwsers, american citizens
anwsers, american citizens, executive departments: 1. No, the head of a party does not usually hold public office. In fact, in many cases elected officials are forbidden from holding such a position. 2. Major parties often adopt ideas from third parties if they become popular. 3. The Democratic Party...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: government, tyrannical rulers, acts of congress
tyrannical rulers, acts of congress, government class: Mariah, 1. This link should help you: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Body_politic 2. The Declaration of Independence does both A and B. 3. Judicial review is the power of the Supreme Court to overturn acts of Congress as unconstitutional. Hope this...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Harry Truman quote, harry truman quote, harry truman
harry truman quote, harry truman, lazy student: Hi Sean, You ve sent me a challenge. I can t tell you how much I appreciate it -- most of the questions I receive are a lazy student s final exam questions. I m answering to let you know that I m still checking into it. I want to find you the exact quote,...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Hilary Clinton, policy proposal, bad reputation
policy proposal, bad reputation, health care policy: Hi Eddie, I think the main reason is that she was a very polarizing figure during her husband s administration. She got a very bad reputation among a lot of people for her radical health care policy proposal and for many other issues. As a result, she...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: History Help Please, communist north, north koreans
communist north, north koreans, nato 3: 1) The communist North Koreans in 1950s invade non-communist South Korea. Containment 2) The USA and western European allies fearful of Russian expansion just after World War II seeks a military alliance. NATO 3) European countries need help in building...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: History question, frontier settlements, history question
frontier settlements, history question, indian tribes: Hi Lou, The British new that many people in Boston were reguarly violating smuggling and other laws. Therefore, the British issued general warrants that basically let authorities search anywhere without an specific probable cause to believe there was any...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: House power to tax, state governors, taxation without representation
state governors, taxation without representation, state governments: When the Constitution was first written, the House of Representatives was much more the house of the people. Senators were usually selected by State governors or legislatures. The Senate was designed primarily to represent State governments. Since the...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Human rights & International Criminal Court, international criminal court, death struggle
international criminal court, death struggle, crimes against humanity: Hi Frank, The ICC is designed to punish people who violate certain human rights by enaging in genocide, crimes against humanity, or war crimes. Even though the court lacks any power to prevent such atrocities by keeping the threat of punishment up, it...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Hypothetical Presidential Scenarios, independant candidate, political persuasion
independant candidate, political persuasion, new vp: Hi Lisa, You re confusing politics with our Constitutional government. They re very different, despite what our media might lead you to believe. Here goes: 1. The first lady is neither a governmental nor political office; it s an honorary title. She...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: What happens when the president dies in office?, sophisticated radar, ripple effect
sophisticated radar, ripple effect, shock to the system: While it is a shock to the system, the government usually goes on without much disruption. The Vice President immediately becomes President and then appoints a new Vice President. Typically, Vice Presidents try to carry on the agenda of the former President,...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: help me, population centre, media campaign
population centre, media campaign, two ways: There are two ways. One is to literally draw up a petition saying We, the undersigned appeal to (person in charge of the level of government that is doing the thing that you are not keen on) to reconsider his view that (and then mention the thing that you...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Can you help me to understand, presidential electors, electorial votes
presidential electors, electorial votes, number of representatives in congress: Each state has a number of electors equal to the number of senators and the number of representatives in Congress from that state. Each state has two senators, and a number of representatives proportional to that state s population. So the big states have...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Can you help me understand?, electorial votes, tyranny of the majority
electorial votes, tyranny of the majority, popular vote: Hi there, When the Constitution was created, the federal government was designed with lots of checks and balances. One concern of the framers was that there would be a tyranny of the majority . That is, a majority would use their power to benefit themselves...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Can you help me understand?, electorial votes, census figures
electorial votes, census figures, pennsylvania new york: Dear R: Actually, they make it seem complicated, but it isn t. The Electoral College was started by our founding fathers, because they wanted the country to have equal representation. They didn t want the original colonies/first states to have control...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: history, harry truman, ww ii
harry truman, ww ii, franklin roosevelt: This is a complicated problem for a simplistic question. One can find the seeds of containing communism even prior to WW II. Probably the best answer to the question, though, is Franklin Roosevelt, during the Malta and Yalta summits. Stronger evidence of...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: history, communist governments, world war ii
communist governments, world war ii, richard nixon: While each of the post-World War II presidents appreciated the potential value of a relationship with China, it was Richard Nixon who actually took the necessary steps to open communications and normalize relations. Nixon was a genius in foreign affairs,...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: history, house of representatives, senate
house of representatives, senate, congress: Dear Bhavika, I m not sure I understand your question completely -- but basically, the Senate is one of the two parts of Congress. Both the Senate and the House of Representatives have to pass the same bill, in identical language, and then it must be signed...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: the history of camaining, ted nesbitt, presidential debates
ted nesbitt, presidential debates, richard m nixon: Toni: I sent this answer to you a few days ago. Perhaps you did not receive it, so I am sending it again. The only way we know if the questioners receive our answers is if they complete the evaluation form that comes with our answers. We are paid no...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: history of marriage, history of marriage, state breakdown
history of marriage, state breakdown, best bet: Hi Rachel, First off, not all those laws are historic. Most states currently allow children as young as 16 to be married with parental consent, or younger if a court gives approval. Several States still allow 14 year olds to be married with just parental...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: history, john quincy adams, female journalist
john quincy adams, female journalist, controversial election: Hi there, John Quincy Adams primarily focused on building Canals and other infrastructure during his four years. Because of his controversial election, he had trouble getting much of anything done. He was actually more effective as Secretary of State...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: why house can impeach and senate try impeachments, upper house, impeachment
upper house, impeachment, house of representatives: Hi Anna, The founders always thought that most legislation and other initiatives would begin in the House of Representatives. This was the house closest to the people. The Senate, as the upper house, was presumed to be made up of older, more thoughtful...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: ICC, deplomacy, text of the constitution
deplomacy, text of the constitution, diplomatic communications: President Clinton did sign the treaty a couple of days before leaving office. However, the President has no authority to sign treaties without Senate approval. The Senate never approved the treaty so the US is not bound by it. Despite signing it, President...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Identifying a GOP poster (not Nast), political memorabilia, tiny logo
political memorabilia, tiny logo, union printer: Hello, The 1940 s/50 s sounda about right because of the Union logo. In the 1930 s and earlier, Republicans were pretty anti-union. However, they became universally popular in the 1940 s and 50 s but began to fall out of favor (in Republcan circles) by...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Imperialism, cultural imperialism, internal business
cultural imperialism, internal business, american culture: Here is a definition http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cultural_imperialism Basically it because of our music movies and TV. These do out all around the world. As does books and magazines. Plus English has become the internal business lanuage. To be honest...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Imperialism, google search, cultural imperialism
google search, cultural imperialism, indigenous theater: Dear Graeme, Enlightenment is a lot to answer -- I recommend 10 years of meditation in a temple someplace -- but very quickly, cultural imperialism refers to the overwhelming of a country s culture by foreign mass-produced culture: e.g., the replacement...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Imperialism, cultural imperialism, middle eastern countries
cultural imperialism, middle eastern countries, immodest dress: Hi Graeme, Cultural imperialism is simply the idea that aspects of one culture spread out and take over other cultures. For example, US music, movies, TV, food, etc. are spreading to other countries. People in those countries adopt the American lifestyle...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Information on the electorial college, electorial college, century college
electorial college, century college, collective body: It s called a college because it is a collective body -- the two words have the same Latin root; in the 18th century, college did not mean what it does now. There are 535 members, actually, and they are elected from each state in the presidential election....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Information for sale, california attorneys, california website
california attorneys, california website, state bar of california: Hi Phillip, I cannot provide specific legal advice in this forum. For that sort of advice, you would need to speak with an attorney licensed in your jurisdiction. That said, I don t see anything wrong with what you describe -- as long as you comply...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Inquiry, ted nesbitt, harold stassen
ted nesbitt, harold stassen, constitution amendment: Brandon: I m not sure about your question. A person can run for president as many times as he wants. Harold Stassen from Minnesota ran NINE times and was never elected. But . . . if you mean, Can a person who has already served as president for the...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Instant Messenger Contact Info., ted nesbitt, eastern standard time zone
ted nesbitt, eastern standard time zone, eastern standard time: Kevin: I enjoyed our online chat, and I hope that your project ends well. Please let me know what your teacher thinks of your work. Ted Nesbitt It s a busy day for me, and I just read your e-mail. I have invited you to join me at Google Talk --...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Internet Safety, internet protection act, communications decency act
internet protection act, communications decency act, privacy protection act: Hi Karen, One of the more significant laws is the Children s Online Privacy Protection Act of 1998, which protects the information of children under 13. You can read some of the compliance requirements here: http://www.ftc.gov/bcp/conline/pubs/buspubs/coppa.htm...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Iraq & China relation, economic outcome, prevention plan
economic outcome, prevention plan, oil flow: Hi Phil, Hi Phil, I really don t think China has anything to do with Iraq. The only general economic outcome of the Iraq war is possibly a more stable and cheaper oil flow. That benefits China as much as it does the US. One could argue that the...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: impeachment, president richard nixon, impeachment process
president richard nixon, impeachment process, extreme circumstances: Hi Patricia, Only two Presidents have ever been impeached: Andrew Johnson and Bill Clinton. Neither was removed from office. Another President, Richard Nixon, resigned from office because it seemed clear that otherwised he would be impeached an removed....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: interesting question, qualifications of a president, american citizen
qualifications of a president, american citizen, constitutional scholars: Amanda, Thanks for your question. Althoguh there are no specific limitations on the VP, most Constitutional scholars agree that a VP must meet the qualifications of a President, in case the President becomes incapacitated, resigns, is removed, or dies....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Jackson, chief legislator, chief guardian
chief legislator, chief guardian, political scientists: This idea of Presidential roles is really an artificial construct created by political scientists. Presdident s do not really define the different aspects of their presidency in this way, and different political scientists divide up these roles differently....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: JFK Quotes, ted sorenson, sharon kennedy
ted sorenson, sharon kennedy, speech writer: Hi Sharon, Kennedy is generally thought to have written that famous phrase himself. Speech writer Ted Sorenson helped Kennedy write his inaugural address. However, Sorenson has always maintained that Kennedy came up with that line, not him. I hope...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: JOHN KERRYS WIFE, john kerrys wife, coke a cola
john kerrys wife, coke a cola, mr kerry: It s true that 70% of Hienz production is not in the USA. However it s not new or outsourcing. Plants in other nations serve those areas of the world they are in. The USA production is for the USA market. Inside the USA they have regional plants as well....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: John Adams, constitutional debates, federalist
constitutional debates, federalist, john adams: Hi Brittany, I can understand your difficulty since Mr. Adams did not consider himself a member of either party. He was not a part of the Constitutional debates. As Vice President, he did or said rather little. As President, he sometimes supported one...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: John Adams' Political Views, alien and sedition acts, president adams
alien and sedition acts, president adams, alien and sedition: Hi there, John Adams was an important national leader long before he became President. As a member of the Continental Congress, he was one of the strongest advocates for Independence. He nominated George Washington to become commander of the military...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: John Adams, hereditary monarchy, hereditary titles
hereditary monarchy, hereditary titles, president adams: Julie, As Vice President, Adams argued that government officials should be given grand sounding titles in order to provide proper respect from commoners. This fed his opponents view that he did not believe in the equality of a Republican government...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: John F. Kennedy, independent study project, baby boomers
independent study project, baby boomers, exploration of space: Happy to help 1.What do you find interesting or special about John F. Kennedy? JFK reached the highest positions of power at a fairly young age. His strongest traits seemed to have been his charm, charisma, and good looks. 2. How did this person...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: John F. Kennedy, ted sorensen, president speeches
ted sorensen, president speeches, speech writer: Hi Peg, All Modern President, including Kennedy use speech writers. Pres. Kennedy s inaugural address is usually credited to Ted Sorensen. Of course, the speech writer does not work alone and then just hand the speech to the President. Speeches are collaborative...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: John Tyler's Presidency, annexation of texas, war with mexico
annexation of texas, war with mexico, border dispute: Tyler pushed for the Annexation of Texas into the union. This was a provocative act against Mexico which still thought it would eventually reacquire Texas. The annexation also led to the expansion of slavery, which fueled tensions that eventually led to...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Judical Review Question, definition of judicial review, dual sovereignty
definition of judicial review, dual sovereignty, state constitutions: Hi Frank, Federa Judges are obligated to ensure that the Federal Constitution is upheld. Part of that is making sure that both State or Federal laws do not violate the Federal Constitution. The only reason they have any say of State laws at all is if...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: judge selection, missouri plan, book talks
missouri plan, book talks, osca: Hi Joshua, A system of selecting judges without regard to political parties is sometimes called the Missouri Plan. This site describes it in more detail: http://www.osca.state.mo.us/index.nsf/0/3febf2c901768abe862564ce004ba8a1?OpenDocument I hope...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Kennedy's FBI man, secret service man, sense of guilt
secret service man, sense of guilt, clint hill: Hi Bev, Rufus Youngblood was in charge of protecting LBJ on the day of the assassination. He covered the Vice President right after the shots began and was widely praised for his actions. He retired about 8 years later and went back to his home in Georgia....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Kennedy's foreign policy, moon race, nuclear missiles
moon race, nuclear missiles, dealth: Hi Bridget, Most of JFK s foreign policy dealth with the Cold War rivalry with the Soviet Union. He began his Administration by proceding with a failed attempt to invade Cuba. Later, he nearly started a total Nuclear war when he forced the Soviets to...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Labor laws., federal legislators, ambitious undertaking
federal legislators, ambitious undertaking, kohl s: Hello! Well, this is an ambitious undertaking, but I can suggest a couple places to start. First, I would check with a local union (maybe your local chapter of the AFL-CIO?) to see if there s anyone who knows about these kinds of laws and/or to see if...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Law and church, dispute resolution system, freedom of religion
dispute resolution system, freedom of religion, sorry mike: Hi Frank, Generally speaking, a Church has the right to bar anyone for any reason. It would be a violation of the Freedom of Religion for the government to interfere in such a situation. Usually issues such as the one you ask about must be resolved...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Legal Advertisement, legal advertisement, advertisement campaign
legal advertisement, advertisement campaign, employment website: I cannot provide specific legal advice in this forum, but generally speaking, as long as information is truthful, it is usually protected speech to use such information. However, you need to be very sure it is truthful. For example, if a competitor s list...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Legal Forms, immensley, job seekers
immensley, job seekers, best bet: Hi Phillip, The thing about such agreements is that they can be whatever you want them to be. You can put in whatever terms and conditions you want and to which people are willing to agree. If you are looking for ideas on what to include, your best...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Legal question, child custody issues, legal question
child custody issues, legal question, page2: Hi Frank, I have only a general understanding of family law. It really is not a specialty of mine. Further, I am likely not licensed to practice law in your state and therefore cannot provide specific legal advice on such a matter. Child custody issues...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Legal Terms, writ of mandamus, injunction
writ of mandamus, injunction, injunctions: Hi Frank, There really is not much difference. A writ of mandamus is a type of injunction forcing the person to do their job. It is primarily used against lower courts of government officials but can also be used against officers of corporations. Injunctions...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Legal, unauthorized practice of law, legal measures
unauthorized practice of law, legal measures, gun manufacturers: Hi Frank, Although I have a J.D., I cannot provide specific legal advice in this forum. To do so would constitute unauthorized practice of law since I am not licensed in your state. That said, I m happy to comment generally on products liability law....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Legislation, supremacy clause, us constitution
supremacy clause, us constitution, mco: Hi Bonnie, I don t have any specific expertise in Medicaid. But where the Federal government permits waivers to regulations, it usually allows a State to develop its own set of rules, as long as they meet the guidelines set up by the Federal government....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Legislation, bill amendments, legislative amendment
bill amendments, legislative amendment, irrelevant issues: Hi Sara, Under each system of government, the conditions for amendment are different. For purposes of this answer, I m assuming you are talking about US legislation at the federal level. A legislative amendment is simply a change in a proposed bill....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Legislative Branch, congressional member, state laws
congressional member, state laws, legislative branch: Hi Gale, Thanks for your question. Generally, state laws determine what would happen in this situation. The most common outcome is that a special election is scheduled not more than 180 days from the date of the death of the member. Hope this helps...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: The Lincoln Home in Springfield,ILL., rare books store, funeral cortege
rare books store, funeral cortege, lincoln monument: Hi Janet, It sure sounds like an interesting find. I m not really an expert on rare books and I have no idea how many were printed. However, I was able to find a copy at an online rare books store for $65. This sticker and signature may add some value....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Lyndon Baines Johnson and the Civil Rights Act, national history day, lyndon baines johnson
national history day, lyndon baines johnson, slave ancestors: Hi Amy and Stacy, You ve chosen an exciting topic! Consider, if you will, the horrid, racist conditions in which most African Americans were forced to live, especially in the South. No matter that Lincoln had ended slavery more than 100 years earlier; no...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Lyndon Johnson-Great Society, barry goldwater, wilbur mills
barry goldwater, wilbur mills, gerald ford: Hi Pat, One of the most amazing things about LBJ was his persuasive ability and understanding of how Congress worked. With that power, he was able to limit most opposition. There were very important Congressional leaders such as Sen. Richard Russell...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: law reducing speed limit to 55 MPH, arab oil embargo, president richard nixon
arab oil embargo, president richard nixon, ted nesbitt: Dear Linda: The year was 1973 and Richard Nixon signed the bill into law. Because he supported the new law, however, it was Jimmy Carter that most people blamed for the law. It was President Clinton who reversed this law. From a report at PBS: ...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: law, federal wiretap laws, national security activities
federal wiretap laws, national security activities, aldrich ames: Hi Barbara, Executive orders are not really authorized at all under the Constitution, but Presidents have been using them for over a century and they are considered perfectly legal, as long as they are in consistent with legislation and the Constitution....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: How many laws are there in U.S.?, state and local governments, federal state and local governments
state and local governments, federal state and local governments, mike thanks: I certainly find that number believable, and if it is accurate, you could probably triple the number for the intervening 40 years or so. Of course, the 10 Commandments didn t have to worry about mundane things like speed limits, parks, libraries, schools,...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: laws, president signs, proposed bills
president signs, proposed bills, presidents: Proposed bills must pass both houses of Congress. The write the bills that may become law. The the President signs it into law. Allows it to become law without his signature. If he opposes it he can veto the bill. If 2/3rd of the Congress agree they...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: How many lawyers are in Congress?, congressional research service, i don t care
congressional research service, i don t care, law degrees: Hi Paula, According to the Congressional Research Service 170 members of the House and 58 Senators have law degrees. It is probably not too suprising that someone whose job it is to make laws would have an education in how the law works. I hope this...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: legislation, ted nesbitt, sen john kerry
ted nesbitt, sen john kerry, foreign relations committee: Barbara: I have received no notification from you [such as the evaluation form], so I am assuming that my response never reached you. Because of the amount of time I spent finding the most informative and up-to-date information, I hope that it hasn t been...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: legislation, senate committee on foreign relations, sen john kerry
senate committee on foreign relations, sen john kerry, hr 1587: Hi Barbara, I am guessing from the number that you meant HR 2833 which was passed by the House in 2001. It never reached the floor of the Senate because Sen. John Kerry placed a hold on the bill. When the Congress ended in the beginning of 2003, the bill...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: What is a liberal, and am I one?, gay marraige, negative stigma
gay marraige, negative stigma, sports arenas: Hi Dave, Your confusion is understandable since those labels are frequently misused in the media. Basic political science lays out four categories: Reactionary Conservative Liberal Radical A reactionary want things to go backwards. They like...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: louisiana elections, vote getters, louisiana elections
vote getters, louisiana elections, republicans and democrats: Hi there, Most States have primaries to decide what candidates go on the ballot. Each party nominates one candidate and the winner gets the office. In Louisiana, anyone can go on the ballot but you have to get more than 50% of the votes to win (very hard...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Macon's Bill..., embargo act of 1807, nathaniel macon
embargo act of 1807, nathaniel macon, ap class: Hi Zack, Macon s Bill No. 2 is an informal reference to legislation named for Nathaniel Macon, a Georgia Legislature (who ironically opposed the bill in the final vote). It repealed the Embargo Act of 1807 which had banned trade with Britain and France....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Madison, federalist paper 10, federalist papers
federalist paper 10, federalist papers, party institutions: Hi Sara, Although he came to accept political parties, at the time he wrote his Federalist papers, he like most of the founders thought parties would be very bad for the country party institutions tend to build coalitions that threaten the division of powers...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Marbury decision, justice marshall, inconsistancy
justice marshall, inconsistancy, constitutional scholars: Hello, The inconsistancy is that the decision ultimately ruled that the court did not have jurisdiction to hear the case. But if that was the case, the could should never have issued an opinion on the merits. It should have simply dismissed the case for...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Marbury v. Madison, marbury v madison, checks and balances
marbury v madison, checks and balances, government actions: 1. Marbury first established the power of judicial review, that is the right of the Courts to void laws or other government actions that are not authorized under the Constitution. 2. The precedent established by the decision helped the check the power of...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Marbury v. Madison, writ of mandamus, writs of mandamus
writ of mandamus, writs of mandamus, president john adams: Hi Frank, Marbury v. Madison is probably the most significant case ever decided by the Supreme Court. The facts are pretty basic. President John Adams lost the election to Thomas Jefferson in 1800. Before he left office, Adams appointed a bunch of...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Marriage rights, marriage rights, marriage issues
marriage rights, marriage issues, 14th amendment: Hi there, The Constitution says absolutely nothing marriage. It was not considered a federal issue. Over the years, the courts have applied very general sections like the Due Process and Equal Protection clauses of the 14th Amendment to apply to marriage...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Martin Van Buren, president van buren, martin van buren
president van buren, martin van buren, annexation of texas: The most important issue during President Van Buren s term was the Bank Panic of 1837. Speculation and inflation cause the financial bubble to burst just as Van Buren was taking office. He spent the next four years trying to deal with that. Of course,...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Mayor Salary, mayor of new york city, mayor of new york
mayor of new york city, mayor of new york, mayors: Hi Dwayne, It all depends on the town or city. Most Mayors receive something, although some work for free. Some mayors of big cities make over $100,000 per year. They Mayor of New York City, for example, makes around $200,000. The money comes from...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Mayor, budgetary priorities, city contracts
budgetary priorities, city contracts, equivilant: Hi Frank, A mayor s responsibilities vary quite a great deal depending on the city or town he or she governs. Basically the position is usually the chief executive of the city government. Often, the mayor is responsible for overseeing city contracts and...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Misprision of Felony, high school dropouts, old adage
high school dropouts, old adage, ignorance of the law is no excuse: Dear Michal: Dear Michal: Before I get too deep into this topic, I need to make certain that I understand the focus of your research. You used this phrase: “defendant s level of knowledge.” There are several ways to interpret what you mean by...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: marriage, religious sects, ancient civilizations
religious sects, ancient civilizations, religious rite: Hi Debra, Unfortunately, the custom of marriage, that is a man and woman forming a family unit for purposes of raising a family, dates back to before written history begins. Evidence of marriage as a concept is seen in all ancient civilizations. Of...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: media coverage of residential speach, presidential request, liberal bias
presidential request, liberal bias, presidential speeches: Hi Brian, Yes, there are frequently Presidential speeches not broadcast. If the White House requests air time for an important speech, the networks almost always provide it. In this case, the White House gave broadcasters the option to record the speech,...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: National Holidays, national holidays, majority vote
national holidays, majority vote, national holiday: Actually, there are not any criteria for national holidays. Congress just has to pass a law declaring the day a holiday, and explaining the terms (e.g., do people get the day off). So the only criterion is that it has to get a majority vote in each house....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Negative Campaigning, last three decades, negative campaigning
last three decades, negative campaigning, personal observation: Hi Frank, Negative campaigning simply consists of focusing on an opponent s weaknesses or failings rather than one s own strengths or positive features. Negative campaining has become more popular with the rise of television ads, but it has always been...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Nelson Rockefeller, president gerald r ford, ted nesbitt
president gerald r ford, ted nesbitt, gerald r ford: Sheldon: No, Rockefeller was never President. He was appointed Vice President, when President Nixon resigned and Gerald Ford moved from the vice presidency to the president s office. Nelson Rockefeller was nominated by President Gerald R. Ford on...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Nevada Constitution, nevada constitution, nevada revised statute
nevada constitution, nevada revised statute, incumbant: Hi Jaimee, A quick look at the Nevada Constitution shows that the only requirement is that the person be elected and not be an incumbant with more than 12 years service. Art. 4, Sec.3. http://www.leg.state.nv.us/Const/NVConst.html There is no other...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Nevada Constitution, further information visit, nevada constitution
further information visit, nevada constitution, happy holiday: Hello, The total number of members in the legislature is 63. The Nevada constitution may require this number be changed depending on the population of the state. For further information visit http://leg.state.nv.us/ If you click on the contact...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: New Hampshire Primary, yankee pride, darth vader
yankee pride, darth vader, dennis kucinich: New Hampshire has one incredibly important political advantage: they re first. Along with Iowa, presidential wanna-be s will happily overspend (think, in terms of time, money, energy and self-humbling events, paying Rolls Royce prices for a Volkswagen) for...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: New Legislation Regarding Military Families, branches of the government, new legislation
branches of the government, new legislation, contributer: Captain Sebastian, Thank you for your question and, more importantly, your service to our country. Since the outset of the War in Iraq, there has been talk amongst the various branches of the government regarding whether or not families should be permitted...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Nixon v. U.S. Question 2, suprem court, impeachment clause
suprem court, impeachment clause, senate procedures: Hi Frank, I m not sure why you think he won his appeal. In some sense, I guess it s a victory that the Court heard his case at all. But at every level, the Courts rule the case nonjusticable and let the Senate action stand. Nixon remained removed from...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Nonjusticiable/political question, political question, legal criteria
political question, legal criteria, echarts: Hi Frank, There is no good answer to this question. First off, there are things other than political questions that might make a case non-justiciable. For a good summary, take a look at this: http://classes.lls.edu/archive/manheimk/fedcts/echarts/justdoc-t.htm...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: national budget, fiscal budget, medicare program
fiscal budget, medicare program, budget concerns: Lisa -- This is a really complicated question and depends in large part on how you define health care. A couple resources that you might want to look through: www.usbudget.com; www.omb.gov, www.medicare.gov and www.hhs.gov. Another good site is www.nationalpriorities.org....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: nixon, presidency of richard nixon, larry weaver
presidency of richard nixon, larry weaver, richard nixon: Dear Larry, I am not sure exactly what you want to know. There was a new design proposed for the uniforms of White House guards, and most people thought they were ridicuously pretentious-- as if Nixon wanted to look like a king. If I recall correctly, the...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: nixon, presidency of richard nixon, ted nesbitt
presidency of richard nixon, ted nesbitt, paul fussell: Larry: I have spent the last two hours [plus] searching LexisNexis and the New York Times Historical Database. All I found were articles that mentioned the uniforms, calling them bizarre and referring to Nixon s devotion to them as unhinged. I...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: nominating conventions, henry cabot lodge, sargent shriver
henry cabot lodge, sargent shriver, geraldine ferraro: Hi again, In 1960, John F. Kennedy and Lyndon Baines Johnson were the Democratic nominies. Richard M. Nixon and Henry Cabot Lodge were the Republican nominees. In 1972, George McGovern and Thomas Eagleton were the Democratic nominees. However, shortly...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: nominating conventions, nominating conventions, minimun number
nominating conventions, minimun number, democratic congressman: Hi Toni, For the Republicans, California gets three delegates for each of its 53 Congressional districts. It also gets 10 at-large delegates and 3 superdelegate seats for party leaders. Therefore the total minimum (barring some major change in the rules)...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Online Congress Records, library of congress, us congress
library of congress, us congress, luck mike: Hi Mathieu, The debates of Congress are available through the Library of Congress going back to the beginning. You can vew those here: http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/amlaw/lwac.html The appendices included in these volumes include the texts of laws...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: obama and law, harvard law review, willy wonka
harvard law review, willy wonka, golden ticket: He wasn t President - he was the Editor. Maybe only a difference in semantics, but it s accurate. Holding that position is extremely prestigious; it s considered a golden ticket, to borrow from Willy Wonka, into the world of high-end boardrooms. In other...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: obtaining documents, social security number, relevant agency
social security number, relevant agency, new identity: Hi Victor, It is unlikely such a situation would occur. Most amnesia victims who are concious and communicative can usually remember enough for authorities to identify them. If they cannot, their picture is usually circulated on local news so friends...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: How often do Americans change their political party?, open primaries, party changes
open primaries, party changes, ronald reagan: I m not sure you will find any good data on that issue. Many states don t bother to register a person s party. In those that do, if they have open primaries (i.e. members of either party may vote in any primary) people often don t bother to change their...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: PA Senator or Representative - Foster Child, representative foster, bob casey
representative foster, bob casey, pennsylvania senator: Thank you for your question. I m unfamiliar with any legislators in Pennsylvania who were themselves formerly foster children. Sen. Bob Casey is a staunch advocate for foster children. If you contact his district office one of his staffers would be willing...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Parent rights, termination of parental rights, exact rules
termination of parental rights, exact rules, rules vary from state: Hi Henry, Termination of parental rights really is not my specialty, and the exact rules vary from State to State. Typically, to terminate such rights, you must file a petition with the Court. Unless the child is being adopted by another couple, termination...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Parties responsible, civil war and reconstruction, coalition governments
civil war and reconstruction, coalition governments, political campaigns: Hi Carl, I m assuming based on your previous questions that by responsible you really mean disciplined. That is, a party in which elected party members obey the decrees of party leaders. America has never really had tightly disciplined parties....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Past Presidents..., william henry harrison, johns hopkins university
william henry harrison, johns hopkins university, doctorate level: Hi Brendan, Technically, a law degree is a doctorate level. If you count that, there have been quite a few. Also, if you count honorary degrees, most modern Presidents have those. But I am guessing you are talking about actually earning such a degree....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Petitions?, elk grove village, parole boards
elk grove village, parole boards, best bet: Hi Sam, Part of the answer depends on the status of the prisoner. First, is he/she in jail and awaiting a release on bond pending trial? Or, is the prisoner convicted and facing a possible release on probation or parole? Next question, where is the...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Political Campaign Trails, vermont governer, campaign trails
vermont governer, campaign trails, national candidate: Hi Jay, The reason Iowa and New Hampshire are so important is that both parties allow those States to have their caucuses and primaries earlier than all the other States. If a relatively unknown candidate does well there, the rest of the country will give...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Political Parties, farewell address, american institutions
farewell address, american institutions, collective group: Hi Carl, Yes, compared to many other democratic countries, US parties have little cohesion. Personally, I consider this a good thing, as would, I suspect the founding fathers. In fact, the founding fathers were originally deeply against political parties...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Political Question 6 elements, laymen terms, initial policy
laymen terms, initial policy, political question: Hi Frank, Keep in mind that these six criteria are just made up by somoene. Courts certainly take these factors into account, but they are not bound by any firm rules on what constitutes a political question. Certainly the Bush v. Gore decision in 2000...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Political regimes, some serious shortcomings, political regimes
some serious shortcomings, political regimes, command economy: Hi Frank, Virtually every economy is a mix of all of these regimes, which I think is quite appropriate. Our current system probably focuses most heavily on the regulatory side of things. I d probably like to see a little less government involvement and...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Political TERMS, congress vote, party nomination
congress vote, party nomination, party bosses: Hi Chrissy, Political machines were much more common from the middle of the 19th Century to the middle of the 20th century. Basically, party bosses would give jobs or other favors to certain people. In exchange, those people would vote the way they were...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Politics, credit mobilier scandal, randy duke cunningham
credit mobilier scandal, randy duke cunningham, congressman randy: Sure, Congressman Randy Duke Cunningham from California recently went to jail for accepting bribes. You can read about him in more detail here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Randy_%22Duke%22_Cunningham Another famous historical scandal is the...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: US Politics, campaign finance laws, randy duke cunningham
campaign finance laws, randy duke cunningham, campaign finance law: Hi again, Glad I could help. Personally, I don t think money has corrupted the political process. I don t really think the American political process is corrupt. Sure, there are some people like the recently convicted Randy Duke Cunningham who are...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: US Politics, campaign finance reform, campaign finance law
campaign finance reform, campaign finance law, democrats and republicans: Hi Maryann, This question is certainly timely and relevant to current events. I would begin my research by looking up information on Jack Abramoff (try here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jack_Abramoff). Apart from Mr. Abramoff, who, you will discover,...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: US Politics, american cancer association, democrats and republicans
american cancer association, democrats and republicans, political appointments: Maryann, My personal opinion is that interest groups do serve an important purpose in our democratic system, but the level of influence and the means with which they gain said influence (donations). There are many good, worthy causes and organizations that...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: US Politics, ton of bricks, vets for truth
ton of bricks, vets for truth, interest groups: Well, I come from the United Kingdom (where pressure and interest groups are nothing like as widespread as in the US) so my opinion is that they are a massive liability. If the Vets for Truth organisation launched the attack on Kerry launched a similar attack...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: US Politics, magazine cq, luck john
magazine cq, luck john, abramoff: Hi Maryann, I can t do your homework for you, but here are a couple of suggestions to get you started: 1. Look at your textbook, see what they have to say about interest groups -- then look at what they suggest for further readings. 2. Go to your...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: US Politics, campaign finance laws, randy duke cunningham
campaign finance laws, randy duke cunningham, opensecrets org: Hi again, Here is my answer again: Answer - Hi again, Glad I could help. Personally, I don t think money has corrupted the political process. I don t really think the American political process is corrupt. Sure, there are some people like...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Politics, vote share, republican vote
vote share, republican vote, democratic vote: Hi Gillian, I m not sure where you got that formula, but it seems designed to calculate the strength of the third party as opposed to the two major parties. If you just counted the number of parties, that wouldn t tell you much. If there were three parties...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Poltical Parties 2 Quest., campaign finance laws, american political parties
campaign finance laws, american political parties, poltical parties: Hi Carl, They are less responsible, particularly because of television and campaign finance laws, which I discussed in my last answer. Also, many big cities used to have political machines where people voted a straight party line in order to keep their...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Power, bill becomes law, overview html
bill becomes law, overview html, how does a bill become a law: The powers of the House, Senate, and President are spelled out in Articles 1 & 2 of the Constitution, which you can read here: http://www.law.cornell.edu/constitution/constitution.overview.html How a bill becomes law is spelled out in Article I Section...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Preisident Clinton, formal accusation, articles of impeachment
formal accusation, articles of impeachment, pres clinton: No, according to the Constitution, the House of Representatives has the power of impeachment, which is the equivilent of an indictment or formal accusation. Then, the Senate holds a trial where they decide whether or not to convict the President based on...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Presedential election, ted nesbitt, president bill clinton
ted nesbitt, president bill clinton, increase in salary: Dear Orca: The next presidential term will begin on January 20, 2005 and will continue until January 20, 2009. Here is the history of presidential salaries: September 24, 1789 -- $25,000 March 3, 1873 -- $50,000 March 4, 1909 -- $75,000 January...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: President Clinton, propper, apa style
propper, apa style, history books: Hello, Honestly we have no way of truely knowing. The wording could depend on who writes the book or even what the publisher wants. The propper notation should be the latter however in my opinion. Reagan D. Lynch ---------- Please Note: The only...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: President-frnaklin Pierce, half ounce, mailing a letter
half ounce, mailing a letter, david franklin: Hi David, Franklin Pierce was President from 1853-57. Prior to 1863, the cost of mailing a letter varied depending on the weight of the letter and the distance it was traveling. So stamps were sold in all different demoninations, with the price depending...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: President and Money, private benefit, government expenses
private benefit, government expenses, personal funds: Hello, No federal employee, including the President may earn outside income while in office. A president may receive passive income such as interest from a savings account or bonds, or dividends from a stock, or residuals from a book or movie that they...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: President Nixon and the Watergate Scandal., nixon and the watergate scandal, president nixon and the watergate scandal
nixon and the watergate scandal, president nixon and the watergate scandal, chippewa falls senior high school: Hi Joe, The reason President Nixon eventually resigned from the Presidency was not simply because of the break-in. The President did not even know about the action until after the burglers were arrested. The problem was his attempt to use government resources...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: President Polk - a letter, and his last words., library of congres, james k polk
library of congres, james k polk, biographical encyclopedia: Hello, I cannot say I am familiar with the letter you are seeking. McDowell operated on Polk when Polk was 16, in 1812. I m not sure where you were looking for it, but the most thorough publication on Polk s Correspondence is the one published by the...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: President Roosevelt, 12th amendment, president roosevelt
12th amendment, president roosevelt, 22nd amendment: Hi Margaret, Roosevelt s trick for getting around the 22 Amendment was actually pretty easy. He died six years before it was ratified in 1951. Before that time, it was tradition that a President would step down after two terms but nothing required it....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: President in the United States, necessary decisions, american tradition
necessary decisions, american tradition, military powers: Hi Paul, In the Constitution, the President has very few war powers. Only Congress can declare war, and only Congress can raise the money necessary to prosecute the war. Congress must commission all military officers and determine the size of the military....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: President of the USA, spirit of the law, president of the usa
spirit of the law, president of the usa, globalism: Anthony, No, it s not. Remember that the requirements came from a Constitutional Convention made up entirely of men who spent nearly their entire lives as subjects of the Britsh Crown. While they wanted an American to be their president, they wanted ALL...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: President - Vice President restriction, vice presidential candidates, vice president from
vice presidential candidates, vice president from, running the risk: Dear Dennis, The rule is in the US Constitution. It does not say that the President and Vice President have to be from different states -- but it says the Electors cannot vote for candidates from their own state for both offices. Therefore, if a party nominated...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Presidental Acts , executive orders, resoultions, war powers act, congressional resolutions
war powers act, congressional resolutions, cogress: What is the difference between a presidental act, An act creates or does something. Its proposed by the President then passed by Congress. President then signs it into law. Like the Eienenhower Interstate Highway Act executive order This is the...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Presidental Campaigning, national intelligence estimate, senate intelligence committee
national intelligence estimate, senate intelligence committee, national security issue: Hi John, Sen. Kerry was certainly not privy to ALL the same reports that the President saw. Many Presidential briefings are given orally. Also, many daily reports such as the Presidential Daily Briefing (PDB) are not routinely given to Congress. The...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Presidential, zimmerman telegram, british allies
zimmerman telegram, british allies, sinking ships: President Wilson asked Congress to declare war Why did he ask congress to declare war? The Constitution gives the power to declare to Congress. Only they can do that. But they taken messures short of it lately as War has not declared since 1941. ...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Presidential Campaign, becon hill, john kerry
becon hill, john kerry, rough patch: At first through fund raising. He hit a rough patch then took a mortgage out on his Becon Hill Townhouse. This was in the primarys. He did conventional fund raising through the convention. After the convention he took 75 million in federal funds for the...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Presidential Candidates, statement of candidacy, presidential candidates
statement of candidacy, presidential candidates, presidential candidate: I suppose there is no specific law that forbid you from delcaring for office. However, the person would be ineligible for public funds. Also, most if not all states prevent ineligible people from appearing on the ballot, and the courts have approved such...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Presidential Congressional relations, fillabuster, senate democrats
fillabuster, senate democrats, congressional relations: Could you give me a bit more detail?? What type of change are you refering too?? Right now the Republican party control boths houses. There is a contancasus relationship with Senate Democrats. Which has used the fillabuster to block some things. ...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Presidential Election, provisional ballots, voting district
provisional ballots, voting district, demographic studies: There are demographic studies of every voting district in the US. They look at were outstanding districts are; and then estimate the likily outcome. They also know the number how many absentee, military, provisional ballots are sitting there. For example...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Presidential Election, arnold schwarzenegger, born citizen
arnold schwarzenegger, born citizen, henry kissinger: Hi Lou Ann, The US Constitution requires the President be a natural born citizen. Art. II, Sec. 1, clause 5. This means the President must have been born a US citizen. A person can be born outside the US and still be born a US citizen (e.g. a child...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Presidential Election Hypathetical, mel carnahan, dead candidate
mel carnahan, dead candidate, senate election: Dear Adam, What we actually elect on election day are the Electors from our state. The Electors are then legally free to vote for anyone they like. In practice, if a candidate died, the National Committee of the candidate s party would choose another candidate...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Presidential Election process, presidential election process, legislative caucus
presidential election process, legislative caucus, direct primaries: Hi Carl, A Caucus is where people get together, discuss the various candidates and eventually select a candidate. In a primary, people simply go and vote for a party s nominee. The main practical difference is that a caucus takes a lot more time and is...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Presidential Election, quetico canoe trips, sturgeon bay wi
quetico canoe trips, sturgeon bay wi, boy scout troop: Dear Pol, Nice to hear from someone in Bemidji! I ve passed through there a couple of times -- I grew up in Sturgeon Bay, WI, and our Boy Scout troop used to go on Quetico canoe trips every couple years; at least once they took us to see a big iron mine...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Presidential Elections II Quest., party activists, presidential elections
party activists, presidential elections, caucuses: Hi Carl, Since the caucuses tend to be dominated more by party activists, they are more likely to pick a more extreme candidate. In the Democratic party, these tend to be more liberal. In the Republican party, these tend to be more conservative. A...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Presidential Elections, dennis kucinich, top guns
dennis kucinich, top guns, exploratory committee: It s relative. A serious candidate needs enough to support committees in the early primary states; enough to put some sort of a scare into her opponents. That is, there has to be enough in the till for the candidate to be able to challenge the top guns in...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Presidential influence on the judicial branch, administrative law judges, judical power
administrative law judges, judical power, judicial branch: Hi Rebecca, On several occasions, the President has worked with Congress to alter the number of Justices sitting on the court, or threatening to remove Justices through impeachment. They have also made adjustments to the judicial system by changing the...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Presidential Nominee, governor adlai stevenson, nelson rockafeller
governor adlai stevenson, nelson rockafeller, alben barkley: Barkley was never actually considered a serious candidate for President and dropped out early. The winner of the Democratic Primary was Illinois Governor Adlai Stevenson. Running for President from Congress is pretty unusual. You usually get one or two...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Presidential power, civil war and reconstruction, poverty programs
civil war and reconstruction, poverty programs, government growth: Hi there, The most dramatic increases in the size and power of the government have taken place during wars. During WWI, WWII, Korea, and Vietnam, the government grew by huge amounds and then shrank back within a few years following the end of the wars....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Presidential primaries, presidential primaries, poli sci
presidential primaries, poli sci, convention delegates: Good question. I did a little poking around (11:30 pm, so I m not as sharp as I might like to think!)... try www.politicalarithmetik.blogspot.com. There s some interesting polling and tracking information there, and the author claims to be a poli sci prof....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Presidential Speeches Overseas, presidential speeches, speech writer
presidential speeches, speech writer, joint session: Hi There is no formal rules for this. Even the use of My fellow Americans is desided by the speech writer. It is nor set in stone. Typically thought they will acknowledge who they are addressing. If you go to www.whitehouse.gov You can see some recent...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Presidential Terms, fdr, term limits
fdr, term limits, presidency: Hi Howard, The term limits of the presidency were established after FDR was elected to serve four terms as President (but only served a little more than three, as he died in office). The Constitution was amended after FDR s presidency. Hope this helps,...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Presidential Title, chief commander, military units
chief commander, military units, phrasing: Hi Gail, The term Commander-in-chief dates back to the time of King Charles I. Basically, there were local commanders of various military units. The one designated as commander-in-chief was the commander who was the head of all the other commanders, i.e....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Presidential, american ships, president wilson
american ships, president wilson, rdh: Hi Karen, There are a number of reasons why President Wilson asked for a declaration of war. Germans had sunk American ships and encourage Mexico to invade the US. For a more thorough list, you can read President Wilson s message yourself: http://www.lib.byu.edu/~rdh/wwi/1917/wilswarm.html...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Presidents in the 20th century, constitutional prohibition, couple decades
constitutional prohibition, couple decades, franklin roosevelt: Just to be clear, this is just my opinion and not any expertise other than being well informed on current events. It is quite possible that Iraq might have eventually fallen into revolution, chaos, and civil war without US intervention. But the chaos there...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Presidents and Companies, stocks and bonds, american presidents
stocks and bonds, american presidents, blind trust: Hi Daniel, Like most other government employees, the President may not take another job and earn outside income while holding office. However, he can earn passive income: interest on savings, gains from stocks and bonds, or royalties from books. Although...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Primary, open primaries, democrat primary
open primaries, democrat primary, republican primary: Hi Ed, I primary election is not actually a normal federal election. It is an internal election held by political parties to choose which candidate will be the party s nominee in the federal election. Many States, like Texas, hold open primaries, meaning...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: "NO PURCHACE NECESSARY", sponsoring company, spam filters
sponsoring company, spam filters, e mail: Matthew, Thank you for your question. There is no no purchase necessary law; in fact, most companies use this phrase as bait to attract consumer s attention. There are many reasons why you might not be receiving the email back from the promotion-sponsoring...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: One-party control, president eisenhower, harry truman
president eisenhower, harry truman, mike thanks: Hi Again Alan, Harry Truman served almost a full first term and began his second term with a Democratic House and Senate. However, the 22nd Amendment (limiting a President to two terms) only became effective with the election of President Eisenhower, so...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: party defs?, defs, democrat
defs, democrat, republicans: Not really -- party identification is usually defined as the answer to the question, Generally speaking, do you think of yourself as a Democrat, a Republican, an Independent, or what? Republicans tend to be more conservative than Democrats, but there is...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: passing a bill into law, state and local governments, state legislatures
state and local governments, state legislatures, passing a bill: The term filibuster is used to describe the tactic of continuing lengthy debate on a bill to prevent a vote on it. It is used in the US Senate where there are no time limits on debate. Some State legislatures may have similar rules and tactics. Cloture...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: past acts, alien and sedition acts, french revolutionary government
alien and sedition acts, french revolutionary government, president john adams: Dear Arpan: First, I have been trying to send this message to you for several hours. Allexperts seems to be out of order. In 1798, the United States feared a war with France. The famous XYZ Affair, in which a lot of subterfuge and espionage and...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: pay raises and vacations, ted nesbitt, congressional session
ted nesbitt, congressional session, legal document: Dorian: None of this is mentioned in the Constitution. Some rules are given in the rules of the House of Representative, which you can explore at this site: http://www.house.gov/house/Orgops.shtml The members of both the House of Representatives...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: policy, government jurisdiction, army corps of engineers
government jurisdiction, army corps of engineers, concurrent jurisdiction: Hi there, There really isn t an easy answer here. Many such policies are run at the federal level. The EPA or Army Corps of Engineers may have jurisdiction. In some cases, where the water does not affect other navicable waterways, the Supreme Court has...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: politcal casework, senator george voinovich, snail mail letter
senator george voinovich, snail mail letter, senator voinovich: The willingness to give assistance depends on what your asking for. All you really can do is check back with them. Other options would be try your Congressman or the other Senator from your state. You might trying writing a snail mail letter and see if that...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: political influence of NRA, nation rifle association, right to keep and bear arms
nation rifle association, right to keep and bear arms, political influence: Hi Julia, The NRA seeks to make sure our Second Amendment right to keep and bear arms is protected. They have an extremely well funded and effective lobbying arm in Washington. but the main reason they are so powerful is because they have such a large...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: political parties, term democrat, independent measures
term democrat, independent measures, conservative democrat: It is a little confusing. There are actually two ways (at least) of looking at ones political views. There is the party perspective (i.e., Democrat versus Republican) and then there s the political spectrum, which ranges from very liberal to very conservative....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: The political process, personal income taxes, national security agency
personal income taxes, national security agency, spy satellites: Hello, Here are the ones where I disagree with your answer: I think 7 should be D. Northern. With 8, I would go with C. electoral vote. Although cynics claim the Supreme Court decision decided the election, the court only prevented the State of...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: politics, soft money contributions, democratic national committee
soft money contributions, democratic national committee, vote efforts: Hi Karen, Under current campaign contribution laws, political parties that support federal candidates cannot receive any money above certain contribution limits. To get around this, parties create separate accounts that can except these large soft money...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: politics - electoral college, number of electoral votes, congressional seats
number of electoral votes, congressional seats, guarenteed: Hi Danny, The change of electoral votes takes place every 10 years after the census. So the next time an adjustment will happen is 2012, after the 2010 Census. The number of electoral votes given is the total number of Senators and Congressmen in the...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: politics - electoral college, number of electoral votes, one hundred years
number of electoral votes, one hundred years, total number of electoral votes: Dear Danny, The number of electoral college votes assigned to a particular state is equal to the number of representatives from that state, plus the number of senators (which is always two). The number of representatives was fixed at 435 by law about one...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: politics terms, what is a filibuster, u s senate
what is a filibuster, u s senate, cloture: A filibuster is the political term referring to a tactic where there is an attempt by members of a legislature to extend debate of an issue to delay or prevent a vote on its passage. This often occurs in the U.S. Senate where members may speak indefinitely...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: politics, pergury, clinton impeachment
pergury, clinton impeachment, maxine waters: Actually Clinton got less than 50% of the popular vote in both elections. In the case of Clintons Impeachment the J Committee and the House as a whole who voted to Impeach him were generally offened by his pergury and attempts to suborn perjury. I think...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: popular election?, beeb net, us presidential election
beeb net, us presidential election, cnn: And hello to you. I ll give you the potted version for the time being but if you like the full version (with whistles and bangs) then do feel free to e-mail me at harry_hayfield@beeb.net and I ll explain it in greater detail The popular vote is the number...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: presidency, ted nesbitt, nancy pelosi
ted nesbitt, nancy pelosi, president pro tem of the senate: Dear Johnna: After the Vice President comes the Speaker of the House and then the President Pro Tem of the Senate. The actual president of the Senate is the Vice President, so there is a separate title of President Pro Tem that is given to the longest...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: presidency succession, line of presidential succession, nicholas brady
line of presidential succession, nicholas brady, elizabeth thanks: Elizabeth, Thanks for your question! Since 1886, the Secretary of the Treasury has been fifth in the line of presidential succession. In 1998, the Secretary of the Treasury was Nicholas Brady. In 1888, Charles S. Fairchild was Secretary of the Treasury....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: presidency, president of the senate, constitutional duties
president of the senate, constitutional duties, whole number: I m not sure what you mean by charecteristics of the job of the president, can you give more detail?? In general, the chief execetive officer of the nation. Here is the constitutional duties Article II. Section 1 The executive Power shall...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: -------------------------..., chief legislator, president hosts
chief legislator, president hosts, army and navy: I don t know who made up that list, but the President is not the Chief legilator. He is not even a member of the legislative branch. He is sometimes called the Chief Executive since he heads the Executive Department. The president traditionally has a greater...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: president's paycheck, ted nesbitt, allexperts
ted nesbitt, allexperts, zimny: Hey, John: Beginning in January, 2001, the president earns $400,000 per year. But that is just his salary. He also gets perks, which you probably don t get. For a timeline of presidential salaries and a list of all the freebies the president gets,...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: president's power, militery, judicial branches
militery, judicial branches, constitutional grounds: This is more legal than process. The legal requirements in such a case would be addressed by the chief white house counsel and the attorney general at the department of justice. My gut says the president would not violate a standing order from the court,...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: president run for VP, 12th amendment, 22nd amendment
12th amendment, 22nd amendment, term president: Certainly a one term president can run as Vice President. There is some debate about whether a two term president can. The 22nd Amendment prohibits a person from being elected President for a third time. The 12th Amendment says that no person who is constitutionally...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: presidential election, george mason university, federal election commission
george mason university, federal election commission, number of eligible voters: Hi Denise, According to the Federal Election Commission results: 122.28 million people voted in the 2004 Presidential Elections. According the the Census Bureau, there were about 294.72 million people living in the US in Nov. 2004. That would mean...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: presidential elections, vote getter, us presidential election
vote getter, us presidential election, presidential elections: Hi Esther, The only candidate ever elected unanimously by all electors was George Washington. Of course he did not receive all the votes . In those days, each elector got two votes. The highest vote-getter would be President, the second highest became...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: presidential history, john quincy adams, rutherford b hayes
john quincy adams, rutherford b hayes, samuel tilden: Hi Mary, There have been four Presidents who were elected even though someone else got more popular votes: John Quincy Adams (over Andrew Jackson in 1824) Rutherford B. Hayes (over Samuel Tilden in 1876) Benjamin Harrison (over Grover Cleveland in...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: presidential primaries, party caucuses, presidential primaries
party caucuses, presidential primaries, nominating convention: Hi Toni, Like most States, California has a Presidential primary. For a long time, this has traditionally taken place in June. For the last two elections, the State moved its primary to March. However, for 2008, there is currently legislation pending...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: presidential question, office of the presidency, american citizen
office of the presidency, american citizen, war time: It is absolutely untrue. If this were so, a president would be tempted to start a war just so he could stay in office. Our Constitution makes an important distinction between the Office of the Presidency, and the president himself. No individual is bigger...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: presidential rules, ted nesbitt, who wrote the constitution
ted nesbitt, who wrote the constitution, united states constitution: It would very highly unlikely, even for the Clintons, to attempt such a feat. However, there is nothing in the United States Constitution that prevents a former president from becoming a vice president. I don t think the founding fathers, those who wrote...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: presidential succession, vice presidential succession, president gerald ford
vice presidential succession, president gerald ford, vice president cheney: Dear Hal: First, I have NO IDEA when you sent your question. Allexperts is having a problem and is not forwarding questions to the experts. I found your question -- and 6 others -- by accident. Please don t devalue me because of the lack of timeliness....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: presidential trivia, william h taft, presidential trivia
william h taft, presidential trivia, powerful man: Hi Mike, The legislative branch does not really have a single head. the Vice President is head of the Senate and the Speaker is in charge of the House. Lots of people have been both Vice President and President, so I assume you are not counting them....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: presidents, situtation, scandals
situtation, scandals, presidents: How sucessful they were with thier agenda. Were there scandals? How did they the unexpected situtation that came up. Level of support they had while in office. What thier legacy was after leaving. The bias of those ranking the Presidents. The state of...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: presidents, presidents, scandal
presidents, scandal, initiatives: Hi there, I suppose everybody had different factors that they consider. That is why few people will agree when ranking the presidents. Typically, people usually consider how successful a President was in getting his initiatives into place. Then, whether...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: presidents cabinet resigns, presidents cabinet, resignation letters
presidents cabinet, resignation letters, letter of resignation: Hi Donal, I hate to see you lose a beer over this, but unfortunately it is not the case that all cabinet members resign after the end of the first term. In fact, every administration handles it differently. A couple of Presidents did request letters from...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: presidents re-elected, new hampshire primaries, william howard taft
new hampshire primaries, william howard taft, john quincy adams: Hi there, Presidents Carter and the first Bush were both elected to one full term. Both ran for second terms and lost. Carter lost to Reagan in 1980 and Bush lost to Clinton in 1992. President Ford was never elected. He became President after being...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: presidents, john hanson president, earl of sandwich
john hanson president, earl of sandwich, educated guess: It s a bit tricky to tell, but if I was making an educated guess, I would have to plump for John Hanson (president from 1781 to 1783). The reason for this? The sandwich was invented by the Earl of Sandwich in 1762 and John Hanson was the first president of...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: proclamation, emancipation proclamation, boarder
emancipation proclamation, boarder, slaves: Hi The Emancipation Proclamation effects blacks who were help as slaves. It effected slaves in the states that form the CSA. It did not effect the slaves in boarder states of the Union. They feared inserection if those slaves states, before the war had...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Quote, gen douglas macarthur, declaration of independence
gen douglas macarthur, declaration of independence: Hi Gina, I believe the quote originated with Gen. Douglas MacArthur who said Rules are mostly made to be broken and are too often for the lazy to hide behind. I know he said that. I can t say for certain whether someone else said something similar...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: The qualifications of President and Vice President, qualifications of president, 12th amendment
qualifications of president, 12th amendment, 22nd amendment: Hi Jonathan, The truth is that no one knows for certain. Since no two-term President has ever tried to become Vice President, there have been no court decisions interpreting the provisions. Unless there is some reason for a court to review the question,...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: The qualifications of President and Vice President, qualifications of president, 12th amendment
qualifications of president, 12th amendment, vice president of the united states: Hi Kathy, The qualifications for President are spelled out in the Constitution. Article II specifies that the President must be at least 35 years old, born a US citizen and must have lived here for the past 14 years. It also specifies that he must take...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: question, david rice atchison, president pro tempore
david rice atchison, president pro tempore, zachary taylor: Unless you want to count the men who held the title of President under the Articles of Confederation, there is only one. Of the 43 generally recognized US Presidents, on Gerald Ford was never elected President or Vice President. Some people also count...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: I have a question that i need..., watergate scandal, sex drugs and rock n roll
watergate scandal, sex drugs and rock n roll, morality ethics: Hi Ryan, In the 1950 s, the US was extremely powerful. It s only real rival was the Soviet Union. Until they launched Sputnik (the firs satellite) it was thought the US was well ahead of them in most ways. By the standards of the day, the economy was...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: question, one hundred years, attack submarine
one hundred years, attack submarine, agriculture industry: Hi Liz, Understand that, in 1910 or so, there was no such thing as air travel. The only way to get between the US and Europe or China (or, more importantly, the only way to get goods across the oceans) was by ship. And, while European travel was a dream...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: quote from Bush, pbs web, media frenzy
pbs web, media frenzy, admission of guilt: Dear J: FINAL UPDATE -- [I hope.] I just received another e-mail from Jeff Postelwait, the originator of the problem. It is regrettable that he made the error, for which he admits his wrongdoing. I respect him, however, for his apology, and I believe...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Re: congressmen's home / congressmen's motives, hi adam, jet flight
hi adam, jet flight, best solutions: Hi Adam, Before the age of jet flight, most congressmen pretty much lived in DC and only went home when Congress went out of session. Today most members typically spend Tue-Thur in DC and fly home Friday and return Monday. I think most people in Congress...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Religion in politics, defense of marriage act, liberal christians
defense of marriage act, liberal christians, american liberalism: Your question is certainly an intriguing one, and can lend itself to various interpretations. I will attempt to answer it with limited bias. Measuring the number of Christians in each party is a difficult task, but some studies have published results. Measuring...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Rep Vs Dem, political fence, single news
political fence, single news, suburban america: Hi Jason, Your confusion over the parties is understandable. The major parties are not very well defined in their differences. In the US, voters are free to vote for members of any party at any level. Further, elected officials are not bound to follow...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Rep Vs. Dem, ralph nader, single news
ralph nader, single news, suburban america: I have spoken to several Republican and Democrat party members asking them why they are what they are, and putting into simple terms: Republicans believe that people should be able to make their own way in the world with little or no government help ...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Republican Party Elephant, republican national committee, party symbol
republican national committee, party symbol, republican party: There are certain specific elephant logos that are trademarked by the Republican National Committee. They are generally pretty willing to allow use of their logo for many purposes. They actually have an online application form here: http://www.gop.com/About/TrademarkRequest.aspx...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Requirements, proper qualifications, florida members
proper qualifications, florida members, lt governor: Hi again, In Florida, members of the State Senate or House must be at least 21 years old, residents of the State for at least two years, and must live in the district they represent. The Governor, Lt. Governor, and members of the cabinet must all be...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Research, john peter zenger, trial of john peter zenger
john peter zenger, trial of john peter zenger, libel case: Hi Ashley, Probably the most famous libel case in modern history is New York Times v. Sullivan (1964). You can read the Supreme Court opinion here: http://caselaw.lp.findlaw.com/scripts/getcase.pl?court=US&vol=376&invol=254 Good Luck! - Mike ...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: ResponsibleParties 3 question, party unity, american parties
party unity, american parties, party bosses: Hi Carl, As you can probably guess from my previous answers, I don t think parties should be more responsible by which you mean, elected officials voting the party position rather than their own personal views. The reason for this view is that it allows...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Robert Kennedy, ambassador hotel, jack paar
ambassador hotel, jack paar, general elections: This is an excellent question. R.F.K. actually granted his first interview after the assassination of J.F.K. to Jack Paar on the Tonight Show. I’m unfamiliar with any notable interviews R.F.K. held before being assassinated at the Ambassador Hotel. It...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Ronald Reagan and the economy, reagan and the economy, arthur laffer
reagan and the economy, arthur laffer, university of southern california: Hi Christie, Supply-side economics theorizes that if businesses are taxed less, they will take greater risks by expanding their businesses because of the greater potential rewards. Here is a very simplistic example: say you have a business that has...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Ronald Reagan, alexander haig secretary of state, casper weinberger
alexander haig secretary of state, casper weinberger, vice president bush: Hi Don, I did not see that movie, but there was a great deal of panic and confusion that day. Vice President Bush was in the air flying back from Texas at the time. He did not have a secure telephone to communicate with key players. Chief of Staff James...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Roosevelt, franklin delano roosevelt, middle name
franklin delano roosevelt, middle name, eleanor: Hi Dan, Many people make that mistake, but I m not sure why. It would not suprise me if it originated as a play on his wife s name, although many people today mistakenly use it without any sense of irony. Rather, it seems to be a common mistake. I...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: The Run for President: Why Bother?, executive management experience, political endeavors
executive management experience, political endeavors, cost benefit analysis: People run for the presidency for an array of reasons, not all of which are for self serving purposes. Most presidents desire to establish a legacy and write their chapter in history. The President is the Head of State and Head of Government, the “face” of...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Running for President, political expediency, insatiable thirst
political expediency, insatiable thirst, abraham lincoln: Hi Lisa, You need to know that I m a hopeless idealist. That s important because I want you to understand the qualities of the person, man or woman, whom I want to be elected president. My president doesn t see the office as an accomplishment, but as...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: re-elected presidents, iran hostage crisis, president theodore roosevelt
iran hostage crisis, president theodore roosevelt, president herbert hoover: Your statement is incorrect many have failed to be reelected. President Taft Lost in 3 way race against Former President Theodore Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson in 1912 Wilson was elected. This was due to the Republican vote being split between Taft and...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: residential elections, andrew jakson, john quincy adams
andrew jakson, john quincy adams, rutherford b hayes: Hi Diana, There have been 16 other elections where the President failed to win a majority of the popular vote. However, in most of those cases there were more than two candidates who received a significant number of votes. There have only been three where...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Is there some right to carry..., free men, us constitution
free men, us constitution, militia: It is addressed in 2 areas Artical 1 section 8 To provide for organizing, arming, and disciplining, the militia, and for governing such part of them as may be employed in the service of the United States, reserving to the states respectively, the appointment...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: rights of military personell, military personell, us congress
military personell, us congress, independent investigation: Hi Darrel, Anyone has the right to petition their Congressman for anything they want. If the request is reasonable, a Congressman may help that constituent resolve the problem. The congressman might, for example, demand that an investigation into the...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: rules to be President of the United States, presidential age requirement, roman civilization
presidential age requirement, roman civilization, greco roman: This is certainly the most interesting question I ve encountered during my tenure as an expert . Of course the most obvious answer is that age coupled with experience is valued in any society, so this is a simplified justification. Why the age of thirty-five...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: the running mate, president theodore roosevelt, president gerald ford
president theodore roosevelt, president gerald ford, martin van buren: There have been nine men who have served as Vice President and who were later elected President: Theodore Roosevelt, Calvin Coolidge, Harry S Truman, and Lyndon Johnson became President when the previous president died, but also would later be re-elected...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Salary?, new york state senator, assemblymen
new york state senator, assemblymen, stipends: Hi Nick, As of last year, NY Senators and Assemblymen had a base pay of $79,500. They also can get stipends and reimbursements based on the time they serve in Albany. They are also eligible for fairly generous pensions and health care, which they continue...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: SB 899?, california sb 899, workers compensation program
california sb 899, workers compensation program, sb899: Hi Philip, California s SB899 was a Senate Bill that was signed into law in 2004 to overhall the State s workers compensation program. This is a link to an article that provides a pretty good summary of the bill s main features: http://www.aon.com/us/busi/pdf/worker_comp_reform/sb_899_what_you_need_to_know.pdf...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Sealed and expungement, juvenile record, prying eyes
juvenile record, prying eyes: Hi Phillip, A sealed record means the information is protected from prying eyes. But what is sealed might some day eventually be unsealed. Expungement means the information is removed completely and permanently from the record. I hope this helps! ...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Senate, senator jack reed, jack reed
senator jack reed, jack reed, disorderly behavior: Hi Esther, 1. Article I, Section 5, of the United States Constitution provides that Each House [of Congress] may determine the Rules of its proceedings, punish its members for disorderly behavior, and, with the concurrence of two-thirds, expel a member....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Senate Resolutions, prostate cancer awareness, cancer awareness month
prostate cancer awareness, cancer awareness month, prostate cancer awareness month: Hi Rebekah, No I cannot add a rider to a Senate Resolution. Only a Senator can do that. There really is not any difference between a Bill and a Resolution. Frequently resolutions are used simply to make some statement or do something non-binding like...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Senate, senate confirmation, senate votes
senate confirmation, senate votes, cabinet positions: Hi Jane, It depends on the appointment. Most major positions require the advice and consent of the Senate. That means, unless the Senate votes to confirm the nominee, the position cannot be filled. Jobs requiring Senate Confirmation include all Federal...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Senator/Represenatives Pensions, deferred pension, retirement age
deferred pension, retirement age, member of congress: Hi Paul, Members who participate in the congressional pension system are vested after only 5 years of service. A full pension is available to Members 62 years of age with 5 years of service; 50 years or older with 20 years of service; or 25 years of...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Sensenbrenner Voting Record, intelligence gathering services, jamie gorelick
intelligence gathering services, jamie gorelick, congressman james: Hi Kevin, The creation of a so-called Wall between the FBI s criminal investigations and intelligence gathering services was not created as a matter of law. To the extent it existed, it was created by executive action. You can view Con. Sensenbrenner...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Spam laws, commercial solicitations, spam laws
commercial solicitations, spam laws, t claim: Hi Phillip, I don t claim to be an expert on spam laws, so please don t take my response as a certainty. However, my understanding of the CAN-SPAM act of 2003 is that it does not ban the sending of unsolicited e-mails, even if they are of a commercial...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Spoil System, legislative caucus, spoils system
legislative caucus, spoils system, presidential elections: Hi Chrissy, The spoils system describes when a winning politician gives jobs or other favors to those who elected him. In many cases, this led to a system where people would vote for a candidate regardless of his views or ideology. Rather, they would...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: State govs, national conference of state legislators, part time job
national conference of state legislators, part time job, time professionals: You can t really speak of an average. A few states regard their legislators as full-time professionals and pay them $80,000, even $100,000. But in many other states serving in the legislature is considered a part-time job, and members are paid as little as...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Strongest Ticket, mike huckabee, mitt romney
mike huckabee, mitt romney, hispanic vote: Hi Josh, Of course this is all just an opinion. Each candidate has strengths and weaknesses not subject to objective measure. Experts will clearly disagree on this point. That said, here is my opinion. Hillary Clinton appears to be the strongest Democratic...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Stuck on alot of questions. Hope you can help..., pocket veto, president pro tempore
pocket veto, president pro tempore, felony case: Hello, These are all good questions. What I have done below for each question is point you to an online source or sources to help you in answering the questions. 1. Suppose a bill arrives on the desk of the president of the United States. It originated...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Student questions, mr hancock, john hancock
mr hancock, john hancock, political genius: These are very good questions though it is not my particular area of expertise, but I do believe I’m equipped to provide a scholastic and educational answer. I appreciate your question, and commend your commitment to teaching and to your students. 1. John...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Super delegates, candiate, control mechanism
candiate, control mechanism, party leaders: Hi Michael, Superdelegates are people that get to go to the convention and vote for a nominee without being selected by the people in a primary or caucus election. Superdelegates are usually party leaders and elected officials. The idea is that if the...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Supporting Israel, jewish populations, democracy in the middle east
jewish populations, democracy in the middle east, fundamentalist christians: Hi there, One reason that the US was an early and active supporter of Israel after WWII was that President Truman felt the Jewish people needed a homeland to protect them from future Holocausts. A more current stated reason for the support is that Israel...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: The Supreme Court, suprem court, equal protection clause
suprem court, equal protection clause, supreme court rules: Hi Jade, Few cases ever make it to the Supreme Court, and almost none are ever heard twice. There are rare occasions when the Court will entertain a rehearing in a case, but not to revisit their initial ruling. Rather, the case has progressed and additional...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: the second amendment of the US constitution, what is the second amendment, dangerous practice
what is the second amendment, dangerous practice, right to keep and bear arms: Hi Julia, The Second Amendment guarantees the right to keep and bear arms (guns). First off, I think the right should be strongly protected unless it is repealed by Constitutional Amendment. Many, including the courts, have refused to protect the right...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: secretary of state, edmund muskie, iran hostages
edmund muskie, iran hostages, david newsom: Hi there, In 1980, Cyrus Vance left the office that he had held since President Carter came to office in 1977. He was replaced by Edmund Muskie who served for the remainder of the Carter Administration. Of the three names you mentioned, only one was...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: secretary of state, president jimmy carter, ed muskie
president jimmy carter, ed muskie, deputy secretaries: Dear Wilkin: Here s the story, as I understand it from doing some research: Cyrus Vance was the Secretary of State under President Jimmy Carter. Vance was a man of principles -- highly moral. When the Carter administration began, he immediately began...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: signing laws, pens, activists
pens, activists, politicians: Ramiro, Thanks for your question. The reason why the President or a governor uses a number of pens to sign a bill into law is that the pens are given away as gifts to influential people (politicians or activists, for example) that contributed to the...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: slavery, source of labor, united states economy
source of labor, united states economy, plantation owners: Hi Michelle, The sad but true answer to your question boils down to one word: money. During the colonial period (and also for the first 50-75 years after the creation of the United States as a country), the United States economy (especially in the...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: social security privatization, social security privatization, security trust fund
social security privatization, security trust fund, social securty: First there is no trust fund just a box filled with IOUs. There was infact never a social securty trust fund. Its takes payments from todays workers to pay todays retirees. As constituted now Social Security is a Ponzi Scheme. If this was do by the anyone...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Between a state's 2 senators,..., heads of government, head of state
heads of government, head of state, senators: No, they do not have to be different parties -- usually they are the same. they are elected, remember, so whoever wins the election is the senator. Senators are quite different from governors. Senators meet collectively, in Washington, to vote on laws....

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: Between a state's 2 senators,..., state governments, population size
state governments, population size, number of representatives: Hi there, Senators can be from either party. Many States have two Republicans or two Democrats. They could even be from some other party, although that is rare. There is only one Senator right now who does not belong to any party. Senators basically...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: state governor trivia, texas became a state, state governor
texas became a state, state governor, republic of texas: Hi Victor Sam Houston was Governor of Tennesee, then moved to Texas where he took part in the War for Independence from Mexico. Houston served as President of the Republic of Texas for several years. After Texas became a State, he served as Governor of...

Legislation, Presidential & Congressional Politics: states, ted nesbitt, ulysses s grant
ted nesbitt, ulysses s grant, mother of presidents: James: You source is WRONG. They were from Ohio and some were born BEFORE the Civil War. Ulysses S. Grant was a general IN the Civil War. Here s the complete listing -- once you get to the site, scroll down the page for all of them: http://columbusoh.about.com/cs/historygenealogy/l/blmother.htm...