About Experts Sitemap - Group 36 - Page 23 2014-12-16

Models: Tips on building car bodies., building model cars, mitsubishi mirage technica
building model cars, mitsubishi mirage technica, mitsubishi mirage: Your in the right direction wth the reference potos you will need tens o them ifyou are trying to make the body.I am not familiar wih the car you speak of so i cant make any suggestions on which cars to start with, Can you send me a pic or a link to a...

Models: Which type of airbrush system to buy, plastic model airplanes, art supply stores
plastic model airplanes, art supply stores, robbie shepherd: Robbie: What you didn t tell me is whether you are currently using an airbrush. If not, I am surprised that you are selecting a double-action brush as they can be difficult for an inexperienced painter to use. A double-action brush controls both the amount...

Models: value of model collection, unopened boxes, model airplane
unopened boxes, model airplane, model collection: Kathy: I d be happy to assist you in this task. I have helped assess the value of other collections, and any models I may not be familiar with, I can consult two hobby shop owners here who deal in the buying and selling of collections. Feel free to e-mail...

Models: Water decal, water slide decal paper, plastic model car
water slide decal paper, plastic model car, alps electronics: There are a couple of ways to make a water slide decal, all require some special supplies and some require major investments in equipment. No matter what method you use you will need water slide decal paper of which there are several types available from a...

Models: Water decal, ink jet printers, plastic model car
ink jet printers, plastic model car, water slide decals: Will answer this question in detail when I get home on Saturday. CB Sorry to take so long to get back to this question. I have been out of town a lot lately and have neglected my duties. The starting point for creating your own water slide decals...

Models: WW II, Luftwaffe models., planet models, ww ii
planet models, ww ii, german aircraft: Julio: Gliders as a general rule do not use any sort of trolley for takeoff. Most gliders either use a landing gear for the heavy ones, or a skid which is built into the bottom of the aircraft. An exception to this rule was, of course, the German Me-163....

Models: wood-made kits, balsa wood models, civil aircrafts
balsa wood models, civil aircrafts, small planes: Hi Patricio, I have just really made one balsa wood plane, and am not very experienced with them. But, here is what I do know. Balsa wood models, unless you purchase a highly expensive one, and even then, are less detailed than plastic models. However,...

Models: wooden uss missouri kit, missiori, ebay
missiori, ebay, uss missouri: Joe, Many years ago Sterling had a wooden kit of the USS Missiori in a fairly large scale. Unfortunately Estes bought the assets of Sterling and the Missouri is not currently available. I hate to think what one might run on Ebay. About the only option...

Modem Problems: Blank Screen, cyrix mii processor, cd rom drives
cyrix mii processor, cd rom drives, drive monitor: sounds like it may be time to spend the $$ and get a new system, you can slave the old hard drive to the new one to save your data, but you will need to load your programs on the new hd, so you can read your data, such as word, excel, ect.....good luc...

Modem Problems: Cable Modem Choices, cable modem service, cable co
cable modem service, cable co, right software: Hi Kevin, You can get a modem from any computer store that will work w/ any kind of setup, all you need is the right software which will come w/ whatever modem you decide to purchase. I have never worked w/ one my self since I to rent the equipment thru...

Modem Problems: Cable modem, time warner cable, sec max
time warner cable, sec max, cable modem: Hi Adam, You only have a router if you have more then one computer hooked up to the interent which it doesen t sound like you do? That wouldn t cause it anyway, Have you called Time Warner to find out if this is a problem at their end? Having cable you...

Modem Problems: Cant find hardware, hp computer, e mail
hp computer, e mail, good luck: Hi Alan, You need to see if you can download a new driver to the modem. It must not support Windows XP, sometimes if you go on the site of the manufacturer of the product then you can download the latest driver. Your other option is to buy a newer modem...

Modem Problems: Computer Freezes up, rockwell fax modem, modem drivers
rockwell fax modem, modem drivers, modem card: Hi, Considering how old the computer is your Modem may have given out. You can try reinstalling the driver for the modem by either using a disc you may have or getting it off the internet. Here is a site I found that does list drivers for the brand you...

Modem Problems: Ethernet card problems, desk top computers, pcmcia cards
desk top computers, pcmcia cards, unknown device: Hi Kevin, I can not help you w/ what kind of card to purchase for your laptop since I deal w/ Desk Top computers. I can tell you that you might be trying to use a card that is not compatible w/ your computer. If you are running windows XP you could try...

Modem Problems: Modem failure, u s robotics, external modem
u s robotics, external modem, internal modem: OK, is this a dialup modem, or broadband? if dialup, what port are you using? have you tried going into bios, the see if anything has changed settings here? if it is dialup, have you consitered an internal modem? you say it works fine on another system,...

Modem Problems: Modem failure, u s robotics, external modem
u s robotics, external modem, question thanks: Sorry Yan, you have me there, you might want to try reinstalling the modem if you have not tried that already? It might have been a bad install or something got messed up when you tried to run it. Make sure everything is compatibal also and that the computer...

Modem Problems: Modem Speed(s), amd atholon, 56k faxmodem
amd atholon, 56k faxmodem, setup boxes: Alot of it depends on what kind of processor you are on. I am on DSL and still have trouble loading some pages fast because I am only running a 2.8 Celeron. Rule of thumb is the better the processor the better your connect speed. So you if are running on a...

Modem Problems: modem ports, modem ports, com3
modem ports, com3, device manager: reset bios to defaults.... if this is an older system, be sure to record the hd settings... then reboot to safe mode, go to device manager, remove ALL modems, reboot, let windows find new hard ware, have the driver disk availible. let the driver load...see...

Modem Problems: no noise, second hand laptop, card modem
second hand laptop, card modem, somtimes: Hi Sharon, You may need to try and reinstall the driver for you Modem, if you don t have a disc for it you can always look up the model number on the internet and downloading it that way. Or you may be looking into a new modem for your laptop. Good...

Moesha: can you answer this, guest appearences, burgers and fries
guest appearences, burgers and fries, whitney huston: Here is the best I can do at your questions. how many movies did brandy star in what were they: Cinderella I still know what you did last summer Double Platinum Arcanophobia (she is on the credits) Demolition man (she is on the credits) Osmosis jones...

Moesha: brandy, personal choices, word on the street
personal choices, word on the street, brandy: Ann, Well only Brandy and her Ex know for sure why they have parted. However, word on the street says that she just realized that she wasn t ready to get married and it was all out of young love. That same word also says that she fetl that they married too...

Moesha: Moesha episode mo 307, moesha, youtube
Moesha: Moesha episode mo 307, moesha, youtube, shame

Moesha: new info about this question, theron chico benymon, sheryl lee ralph
theron chico benymon, sheryl lee ralph, alexis fields: 127. Paying the Piper gs: Sheryl Lee Ralph (Dee Mitchell) Lahmard Tate (Jerome) Bree Turner (Brenda) Lil Kim (Diamond) Alexis Fields (Alicia) Theron Chico Benymon (Lamont) Chris Dirty Rat Reese (Big Norm) Niecy wants to share an apartment with...

Moesha: Moesha, african american culture, moesha
african american culture, moesha, noggin: It was cancelled because Brandy was ready to focus more on her music. She also wanted to try different things in order to grow and to allow her image to grow as well. Its great that you still watch it cause it really was a great show that related to the African...

Moesha: Moesha episode mo 307, lamont bently, fredro starr
lamont bently, fredro starr, moesha: That s funny you should ask about this episode. It s one of the most memorable to me because of THAT song. I never can seem to get it out of my head. I m not sure what you mean by the original artist, because I m pretty sure that the song is an original to...

Moesha: moesha sitcom, moesha, cable provider
moesha, cable provider, cable providers: Hello, To answer your question, every town city and stare are different as far as local listings for tv and types of cable providers. I suggest that you check your local listings at maybe www.tvguide.com or call your cable provider and someone there will...

Moesha: moeshe question, definite answer, petition
definite answer, petition: This would have to be up to production of the show. Hopefully this will happen, however currently there is no definite answer to this question. I would suggest writing them or creating a petition. Maybe that will at least encourage them to put out a box set...

Mold: Black attic roof issues, home inspection
home inspection: The problems sounds like lack or inproper insulation. Depending on how wet the plywood is. You may be able to get away with a mold clean up or you may have to strip the roof if the wood is soaked. Everything should be removed from the attic all mold remediated...

Mold: Mold on west wall some on North wall, home inspector
home inspector: First there is no reason that you should have air flow running up the wall behind the siding. This is the 1st issue, this would mean water will condence behind the siding and work its way through the concrete blocks. I would close up air flow behind the siding...

Mold: mold, mold, home inspection
mold, home inspection: The problem sounds like it is in the air handler, you may want to contact the maker of the unit as this should not have happened if the unit is just 2 years old. The breaker is probably tripping because of the mold and water in the unit. This also leads me...

Mold: mold in car seats, water window, neyland
water window, neyland, leather seats: Pull the seats, pull the carpet. Replace the cushions for the seats.clean the rugs outside the car. I know it sounds like allot of work but you will find the smell in your car will never go away otherwise. Ed Neyland AC&E Home Inspection Corp. www.lihomeinspector.co...

Mold: bathroom mold, mold in bathtub areas
mold in bathtub areas: Hi Ian, I can t answer personal financial questions regarding repairs and remodeling that is for you to decide. I can tell you that the mold in the bathtub area needs to be removed before going over it with a bath fitter type product. It should not be too...

Mold: crawlspace mold, crawlspace mold
crawlspace mold: Hi Susan, I m not familiar with the mold in the petri dish test so it is hard for me to comment on the results. My usual test is visual I see it and determine the resolve. Yes mold spores are everywhere but mostly dorment. They come to life with moisture added...

Mold: Mold Cleaning, mold in crawl space
mold in crawl space: Hi Harold, I would not recommend using the pressure washer for the initial spraying of the bleach water solution that I recommended to you to kill the mold! ((Use a pump type sprayer first)) Let the solution stay on the surfaces with the mold on it for at...

Mold: Mold under vinyl, mold under bathroom sheet vinyl floor at the tub
mold under bathroom sheet vinyl floor at the tub: Hi Linda, this is a very common problem with sheet vinyl floors in bathrooms. The joint where it meets the tub often overlooked and not properly caulked. Water gets in under the sheet vinyl floor and causes mold to grow. Unfortunately, the plywood that has...

Mold: mold, mold under wood bench
mold under wood bench: Hi Deb, the black stuff under the bench is likely to be mold. You can buy a test kit at Home Depot Lowes and most hardware stores and test it if you think that is important to you to know. Cleaning it without a mask on did not cause you any harm unless you...

Mold: water damage, Water in attic from roof under construction and not properly covered!
Water in attic from roof under construction and not properly covered!: Hi Maria, I am surprised that the contractor did not adequately protect your home under these circumstances!I m not sure of the time frame in this situation but I will tell you that the removal of the wet insulation should take place as soon after it got wet...

Mold: Black Mold from Structural Foundation damage, Mold in concrete blocks
Mold in concrete blocks: Hi Schooled, it is impossible to know how long the problem has existed. It is possible that there is mold inside the holes in the concrete block foundation. Correcting it may be very difficult and costly. What do you want to do about this situation? Do you...

Mold: Insulated Heating Ducts, Mold inside hot air ducts
Mold inside hot air ducts: Hi Ellis, this is the first time I have ever heard of forsed hot air heating ducts with insulation inside them. What is the insulation made out of? Even without seeing it with my own eyes it is highly likely that there is mold in the insulation. Can you take...

Mold: leak from apt. above, wet smell after 1.5 weeks, mold allergies, nancy nancy
mold allergies, nancy nancy, maintenance person: Nancy, the 1st thing that needs to be done is the ceiling needs to be cut open. the 2nd thing that needs to be done is see if the leak is still active. correct the water leak and remove all or any mold that is present. then this area needs to dry out prior...

Mold: Mold in auto, Mold inside car carpeting & leather
Mold inside car carpeting & leather: Hi Tony unfortunately, carpet has to be completely dried out as soon as possible. If it has been a few days and not dried out, the mold is growing and almost impossible to remove. You could try having it professionally cleaned. Although it is unlikely that...

Mold: Mushroom in the garage, Mushrooms growing garage cracks
Mushrooms growing garage cracks: Hi Ang, Mold is mold and mushrooms are fungi. If either is present, then there is water or moisture to support their growth. I would dig out the mushrooms along the wall and any soil that is in between the cracks and fill the cracks with a masonry crack filler....

Mold: Mushrooms growing on bathroom wall, mushrooms & mold on bathroom wall
mushrooms & mold on bathroom wall: Hi Rebecca, mushrooms and mold growing on the wall is not a good sign. You probably have a water leak inside the wall or a moisture problem. I d have a qualified carpenter come and remove the wall and resolve the water or moisture problem as soon as possible....

Mold: mold between glass blocks in shower, mold between glass blocks
mold between glass blocks: Hi Alan, now I understand. There are many awesome products that you can use to clean the mold available at Lowes, Home Depot and most hardware stores. Or, you can mix 20% bleach with water and cap full of car wash or detergent. Mix that and spray it on the...

Mold: excessive moisture and mold in garage, home inspection
home inspection: Is the ceiling of the garage insulated? Most garages have no insulation in the ceiling. This could be the reason for the moisture build up. If the ceiling above the garage is not insulted try insulating this area. let me know if this works thank you...

Mold: mold in our crawlspace, bleach, two feet
Mold: mold in our crawlspace, bleach, two feet, mold

Mold: Mold in Basement Bathroom, mold, wet walls
mold, wet walls: Hello Kait, You have a very difficult question for me to answer from where I sit wich is 26 miles west of Boston. If I lived near you I d come over and take a look at the bathroom situation. You may want to call a local handyman to come over and remove...

Mold: mold in attic, mold in attic
mold in attic: Hi, you do have a problem that needs to be addressed by a professional if you intend to solve it once and for all! Simply drying out the space will not get rid of the mold not will it be a guarantee that it will not come back. Any attic space should be as...

Mold: mold in attic, commercial mold, mold company
commercial mold, mold company, whirly ball: hello, 1st i have never been a fan of the whirly ball vents i have seen nothing but issues in homes then this is installed. add a temp controlled fan to the attic. all the insulation should be removed the attic cleaned of mold and then tested. then the...

Mold: mold in my bathroom, neyland, water leak
neyland, water leak, health department: the mold you are getting is from a water leak, the wall needs to be opened in this area and inspected and the leak repaired. once this is done the bathroom should then be tested. i cant tell you what to do with your lease. thank you Ed neyland www.lihomeinspector.co...

Mold: mold in our crawlspace, mold in crawl space
mold in crawl space: Hi David, It sounds like the ground was not allowed to dry out before the vapor barrier was put down which is a problem. The crawl space should have been completely dry before that was done. The vapor barrier will ned to be removed, the ground needs tp be...

Mold: mold inside closet, mistake lack, gross mistake
Mold: mold inside closet, mistake lack, gross mistake, microbiologist

Mold: Glass Blocks for Shower ? Does this result in Mold Issues?, mold growth, tubs and showers
mold growth, tubs and showers, stall walls: Hi Tim, I have never seen any situations where mold accumulated on glass blocks in shower stalls. I have seen plenty of mold growth on the joints between tiles and the corners where tubs and showers meet the walls. Mold can grow on almost any surface if not...

Mold: Mold, Wet musty car carpet
Wet musty car carpet: Hi Kris, my guess is that you have some holes in the floor and water is finding its way into the car between the floor boards and the acrpet! I had the same problem on a 1963 Buick Skylark. I ended up pulling out the carpets, repairing the holes and basically...

Mold: Mold in upper level garage, insulated concrete walls, wetland issues
insulated concrete walls, wetland issues, concrete pillars: Hi Brent, without actually being there to see this situation with my own eyes it is difficult to determine exactly where the water is coming in. However, based on what you have told me I d say it is coming in from under the garage floor due to the high water...

Mold: mold, mold in drywall
mold in drywall: Hi Connie, if that is the case then I agree with the contractor that suggested removing all of the drywall, insulating inside the walls and installing new drywall. The mold is most likely in the drywall itself. Also, before the insulation is put in I d suggest...

Mold: mold in bathroom, black mold, shower walls
black mold, shower walls, moisture damage: Hi Elsa, mold can spread to other areas behind the walls but usually only where it is moist. If you are definately gutting the bathroom chances are that you will be able to remove any mold behind the walls but there is no guarantee of that without cutting...

Mold: mold on concrete., eye dropper, chlorine water
eye dropper, chlorine water, cinder block: Hi Martha, this isn t easy to resolve. Is it possible to get underneath the vinyl a little bit to inject some bleech 20% mixed with water 80%? It might require a slit in the vinyl with a sharp razer blade and then inject the solution using an eye dropper or...

Mold: mold inside closet, HOME INSPECTION
HOME INSPECTION: the issue you are talking about seems to have a few problems. 1 the outside wall may not be insulated properly. (insulate) 2 the bleach is not the best item to use for killing the mold it only discolors it. 3 look for mold removel products 4 remove...

Mold: Water damage - how do i prevent mold from occuring?, HOME INSPECTION
HOME INSPECTION: joe, the ceiling below should be cut and opened to allow to dry out and keep mold from growing. the carpet needs to be steam cleaned and dried A.S.A.P. The conditions are right for mold to grow. THANKS ED NEYLAND AC&E HOME INSPECTION CORP. WWW.LIHOMEINSPECTOR.CO...

Mold: black mold, mold on toys
mold on toys: Hi Kelli, you can clean the crib and childrens toys yourself. Here s how to do it. Get some TSP and mix a small amount in a gallon of water along with 20% bleech. Stir that up with a stick. I recommend that you wear rubber gloves and eye protection while...

Mold: mold removal inside a boat, mold mildew, boating stores
Mold: mold removal inside a boat, mold mildew, boating stores, chemicals

Mold: MOLD IN CENTRAL A/C UNIT AND UNDER FLOOR, laminate floor boards, air ventilation
laminate floor boards, air ventilation, floor question: considering you all ready have a medical condition. the mold clean up project is far beyond what can be done by a non professional. the air ducts in the house also need to be cleaned. the air handler unit needs to be lifted the floor under the unit cleaned,...

Mold: Mold, cold air return, flex tubing
cold air return, flex tubing, flex duct: Rich, the 1st question that you need to find out about is where is the mold coming from? the flex duct should not hold mold unless there is a moisture issue with the air handler so the ducts should just need to be cleaned. seal the HVAC system...

Mold: mold removal inside a boat, mold inside a boat
mold inside a boat: Hi Doreen, I have a boat too and I m sure after I remove the cover that I will have some mold to clean off as well as other dirt. I use a mixture of 80% water, 20% bleech and an eighth cup of laundry detergent in a gallon. That should do the job of killing...

Mold: Possibly mold in crawlspace, Moldin crawl space
Moldin crawl space: Hi Bob, there is always the possibility of mold growth under the plastic as time goes on. You will be able to see it through the plastic if you buy clear plastic. You can roll back the plastic and kill it by spraying it with a solution of 80% water and 20%...

Mold: mold dust, mold remediation, remediation company
mold remediation, remediation company, gray mold: this does sound like a mold issue, is there any contact paper in this cabinet? if there is i would remove it and clean the cabinet. if not have a mold remediation company come out and do testing. thank you Ed Neyland President AC&E Home Inspection...

Mold: mold/ remediation, mold remediation, spore count
mold remediation, spore count, remediation company: i have a number of questions, the 1st is did you have this house inspected prior to buying? the 2nd is after the mold clean up was done did you have clearance testing done? and if the testing was done did you see the results. it sounds like you need...

Mold: Can mold survive?, Three things needed for mold to grow!
Three things needed for mold to grow!: Hi Karen, you are partially right. Mold does need moisture and warm air but it also needs a food source. It does grow in light and dark areas. It is not true that if you eliminate one of the elements that mold will not survive. It will simply go dorment until...

Mold: mold removal from leather, mold on leather furniture
mold on leather furniture: Hi Liz, I have heard of this problem several times before. Was the storage facility a climate controlled one or the outside garage type? I ask because if it was the climate controlled type, there may be insurance coverage for cleaning included in your storage...

Mold: Window in bath/shower area, mold on bathroom window
mold on bathroom window: Hi Neil, We have the same situation in our bathroom where the window is in the tub area. I installed a white, vinyl shade above the window and it is wider than the trim around the window. So, when we take a shower we simply pull down the shade beyond the botom...

Mold: House in Northwest Florida mildew/mold, mold on walls
mold on walls: Hi Art, this is very typical situation for a house in that area of the country where there isn t enough enough air exchanging inside the house and/or dry air being maintained inside like with an air conditioner or dehumidifier running. Mold spores grow where...

Mold: Mold on A/C vent covers in home, air duct system, mold company
air duct system, mold company, bleach solution: This appears to be black mold. There may be an issue with the air handler. it is my recommendation to have a mold company come out test the house and HVAC system. then clean the house and system. this condition can and will make you sick. thank you ...

Mold: mold, Mold on window sills.
Mold on window sills.: Hi Ava, I need more information in order to answer your question. What type of material are the window sills made of? Are they wood, Aluminum or vinyl? What is causing the moisture to from on the window sills in the winter? Is it condensation from the cold...

Mold: mold penetrating old gypsum plaster, mold deep in the wall
mold deep in the wall: Hi Terry, from what you have told me the mold problem sound pretty severe. Mold can get into the gypsum and cause a problem for people breathing the air because of the off gassing. You may try cleaning the surfaces with a solution of 80% water, 20 % bleach...

Mold: how or when did it really happen., moldin wall from water leak
moldin wall from water leak: Hi Hava, it sounds like a combination of causes. The valve is old and leaking and whatever you did increased the water flow coming out of it onto the wall. No matter what, the mold has to be removed (ASAP) as the off gassing from the mold is not a good thing...

Mold: Black mold on a window frame, Black mold on window frame
Black mold on window frame: Hi Sherman, the stains may or may not be mold. Are these windows located in the bathrooms? The reason I ask is because that is where there may be excessive moisture may be accumulating on the windows. In any case you can mix the following solution in a bucket;...

Mold: How to detect mold?, mold company, how to detect mold
mold company, how to detect mold, neyland: Richard. call a mold company they have equipment that can test the inside of the wall with out having to pull the sheet rock down. i would tank one sample from the air in the room, one behind the wall and one outside to compare. thank you ED Neyland...

Mold: How to detect mold?, Detecting mold inside walls
Detecting mold inside walls: Hi Richard, you can get mold test kits at Home Depot, Lowes and many hardware stores. However, they only test for mold on surfaces of things. If you are concerned about mold being on the other side of a wall you may have to cut a hole in the wall to inspect...

Mold: finding professional, Mold experts credibility
Mold experts credibility: Hi Leslie, I am certified by the Institution of Inspection, Cleaning and Restoration Certification. You can ask them for their credentials and they should have them for you. If they are not certified by the IICRC then they are supposed to be certified...

Mold: mold, mold on walls and furniture
mold on walls and furniture: Hi Randy, from what you have told me it sounds like a very serious mold problem. I may not be able to help you much from where I sit. You may need the aid of a mold expert in your area. I recommend that you find such a person and have them come and take a...

Mold: mold, MOLD
MOLD: Randy. this condition appears to be very serious and far more then you may want to hear. due the extent of the mold you are stating is present cleaning the surface areas is not going to correct the problem. the mold may very well be in the walls of the...

Mold: Mildew odor, Mold smell in second floor room
Mold smell in second floor room: Hi Jean, If you have a odor inside the room then you have mold somewhere in the room. The mold is forming because of moisture coming in from somewhere. That needs to be determined and stopped otherwise you will continue to have mold and the odor. I...

Mold: Mold, Mold in the garage, crawl space and guest room
Mold in the garage, crawl space and guest room: Hi Leon, from what you have said I believe that you have a serious mold problem and here is what I recommend you do as soon as possible. First, get a good quality dehumidifier, set it up in the guest room and start getting the air in that room dried out. Second,...

Mold: Mold/mildew in glass blocks, mold inside glass blocks
mold inside glass blocks: Hi Terry, wow for that to happen the seal in the glass blocks must be broken ad water is getting inside. Glass blocks are similar to insulated galss windows in that there are two glass surfaces with an air space between. The edges are also glass and the edge...

Mold: Mold/mildew under carpet tiles, mold in carpeting
mold in carpeting: Hi Marianne, now I have a clearer picture of wht the situation is based upon your answers. First the floor tiles that are dry are probably dry because your AC systen is drying out the air inside the house. So, the surface of the exposed floor tiles remain...

Mold: mold, mold in garage, crawlspace and guest room
mold in garage, crawlspace and guest room: Hi Leon, I believe that you already contacted me regarding the problem below is my answer that I sent to you minutes ago! Also, never mix ammonia and bleach together! The gas it produces can kill humans! When I clean mold this is what I mix up and use; 80%...

Mold: mold, mold under kitchen cabinets
mold under kitchen cabinets: Hi Imelda, It sounds like you have mold under the cabinets between the floor of the base cabinets and the floor of the kitchen. That space should be investigated as soon as possible. I can t answer any questions about recourse because I am not an attorney...

Mold: mold around our windows mostly on North end of house, mold on windows
mold on windows: Hi Krissy, it is very common to have mold around windows on the north side of a house in the winter months. They should be locked tight all through the winter to prevent any heat loss. The reason for the mold appearing is probably due to condensation forming...

Mold: mold in home purchasing, mold in crawl space
mold in crawl space: Hi Deryl, Mold and mildew are pretty much the same thing. Most crawl spaces are not vented properly and do not have proper vapor barriers on the ground below the space. What did your inspector say about that aspect? Did he find that the ground isn t properly...

Mold: mold/mildew on satin wall paint, mold on bathroom walls
mold on bathroom walls: Hi Linda, this is a very common problem in bathrooms where the warm moist air accumulates on walls, ceilings and woodwork from showers and mold starts to grow. The solution that will easily remove it is 80% water, 20% bleach and a small capfull of detergent....

Mold: mold potential, water soaked plywood on roof
water soaked plywood on roof: Hi Tracy, what is the matter with the roofing contractor didn t he go to the class called How To Properly Protect Your Customer s Home After The Roof Is Removed 101 ? Shame on him! Not to worry though, when the sun hits the roof the heat generated by it...

Mold: mold in the walls, Mold inside walls
Mold inside walls: Hi Steven, it sounds like you have an extensive restoration project underway. If you find any active growing mold it should be eliminated. You can use any number of products on the market or simply mix up 80% water, 20% bleach and a cap full of detergent....

Mold: wet, moldy basement, wet basement solutions
wet basement solutions: Hi Donna, from what you have told me I persume that you know for sure that water is coming in from the space between the driveway and the foundation and the divot in the floor. Water may also be seeping in around the perimeter of the basement floor where it...

Mold: brown rust colored spots, mold on siding
mold on siding: Hi Michael, it may also just be a paint discolaration problem that was used to paint the siding. You may want to consult with the painter and find out what he was used to paint your house. Then seek the aid of the experts at the paint manufacturers to find...

Mold: Why clean up mold?, mold testing
mold testing: Mold colonies, often unseen, can develop and grow inside wall cavities, crawlspaces, furnishings and plants and almost any area of a home. They release their spores into the air we breath the spores can also be absorbed into our eyes, nose, throat and lungs....

Mold: Possible mold, bleach solution, cirles
bleach solution, cirles, bedroom ceiling: Brown circles could be caused by a number of things including a plumbing or roof leak, condensation, etc. Have you used the space differently lately, such as running a humidifier or vaporizer? In any case, mold should not be allowed to proliferate in a...

Mold: Ref: question, Windows and door leaking
Windows and door leaking: Hi Sam, Thank you for your question. It sounds to me like the flashing around the outside of the windows was not installed correctly. Windows and doors on a house built five years ago should not leak any water at all. Without more description and pictures...

Mold: Ref: question, MOLD
MOLD: 1st 5ys old is a new home, this should not be occuring, sounds like the windows need to be sealed around the frames from the outside. On the inside the wall should be opened up around the windows if the sheet rock is wet for a further inspection and to allow...

Mold: Black spot mould in children's bedroom, mold on ceiling
mold on ceiling: Hi Jo, first off, I am not a real estate attorney so, I can t advise you about your rights as a tennant. I can talk to you about the mold however. Without pictures or seeing it myself I am somewhat limited in my interpretation. I will tell you that if the...

Mold: Markings on Furniture, Mold on pine furniture
Mold on pine furniture: Hi Susan, I recommend that you go to Lowes, Home Depot or your local hardware store, buy a mold test kit , follow the instructions that come with the kit and test the furniture for mold! You need to know what it is before proceeding with a remedy. If it is...

Mold: mold in attic, mold
mold: Patrica 1) have the attic tested. 2) mold can build for a number of reasons a) what is the condition of the roof? b)how well is the attic vented? c) is there air from the living space leaking into the attic. the attic should always be the same temp...

Mold: mold on basement walls, mold on foundation stone wall
mold on foundation stone wall: Hi Mark, cleaning mold with detergent alone won t necessarily kill the mold. You also need bleach in the solution. I use 20% bleach, 80% water and asmall cap full of T.S.P., detergent or car wash! You can also get commercial products to do the job at Lowes,...

Mold: mold growing under my bed in my condo in San Diego, mold on leather bag and shoes
mold on leather bag and shoes: Hi Chris, I can see from the pics you sent to me that you have a serious mold problem and it should be addressed soon. I can t tell if it is dangerous just from the pics. If you are experiencing any health realted issues like heavy breathing, headaches etc....

Mold: Mold on mattresses, tiny specks, divan bed
tiny specks, divan bed, centre bit: Hi Jasmine, thank you for your question. Unfortunately, it is impossible to get the mold completely out of mattresses. You can consult with a reputable mattress retailer or furniture cleaning company in your area about your problem. But, I think they will...

Mold: price to fog with Microban
Mold: price to fog with Microban

Mold: Mold on AC blower in attic, Mold on AC ducts
Mold on AC ducts: Hi Alex, If you require AC at this time of the year you must be in a very warm, moist climate. I m 20 miles west of Boston and we are getting a 20 blizzard today! The blower has mold on it because of high moisture likely due to condensation. The air in the...

Mold: price to fog with Microban, fog a house
fog a house: Hi Paul, this is something that I have not had experience with in my water damage restoration business. So, I don t know what that cost would be to fog a 1,500 square foot house. However, here is a web site that may help you understanding the proper do s...

Mold: Mold on basement walls, cleaning mold off a masonry wall
cleaning mold off a masonry wall: Hi Mark, sometimes cleaning mold off of masonry surfaces can be difficult. You might try a diluted solution of muriatic acid and water. Just brush it on with a stiff brush and rince it off with in a minute or two. Be sure to wear protection over your eyes...

Mold: mold under carpet ?, mold on plywood under carpeting
mold on plywood under carpeting: Hi Gislain, I d get a mold test kit from Lowes or Home Depot and test the spots to be sure it is mold. If it isn t mold, it could be pet urine stains. Either way they can be painted over with B.I.N or Kilz and thus blocked or sealed in. Good Luck, Dania...

Mold: spots, GHOST STAINS
GHOST STAINS: what you are seeing is known as ghosting, surface temperature changes air has a certain amount of energy that varies with temperature. at higher temperature ,paericles in the air move quickly, at lower temperature particle movement slows.when air that contains...

Mold: Mold in camper trailer?, removing fungi from inside a camper
removing fungi from inside a camper: Hi Michael, I get it now! Where there is fungi there is most usually mold! I recommend that you wear protection when working in that space. rubber gloves, eye goggles, a breathing respirator type mask not the cheap white things you commonly see. Also, put...

Mold: mold and mildew, Mold on rocker chairs
Mold on rocker chairs: Hi Bill, I am not an expert on paint so I will refer you to get help from your local paint supply store. I especially like Sherwin Williams paints myself and use them often with great results. The rockers are probably more suseptable to mold due to the paint...

Mold: mold, Mold in attic
Mold in attic: Hi Trevor, thanks for telling me your stiuation this helps me understand the situation better. First od all, most of the mold probably came from the moisture generated from you humidifier. Second, another source is the bathroom which you say in not vented...

Mold: mold in wall, Mold smell coming from wall outlet
Mold smell coming from wall outlet: Hi Amy, first of all if the person who treated the mold actually killed (all of it) with the bleach treatment then you have nothing to worry about. But, I have two questions; 1) did they kill all the mold in the wall and 2) did they apply Kilz primer/sealer...

Mold: Mold in bathroom, Mold in shower walls
Mold in shower walls: Hi Phillip, thank you for your detailed description and picture. You have a common situation going on. Even if the contractor installed cement board behind the tile you could still have mold. Mold will grow on any surface given the right circumstances for...

Mold: mildew/perhaps mold, mold on vinyl shed
mold on vinyl shed: Hi Pat, wow I am surprised that Jomax didn t have an effect. Try using a marine cleaner called; Spray Nine multipurpose cleaner & disinfectant. www.spraynine.com If that doesn t do it then I don t know what will! You could also try contacting the manufacturer...

Mold: mold in attic and cellulose insulation, mold in insulation
mold in insulation: Hi Emma, Thank you for a very detailed description of the situation. It helps me understand the problem. The first thing I would do is take samples of the cellulose insulation in various locations throughout the attic and have them tested for mold. That way...

Mold: mold and now a mushroom, mold behind walls
mold behind walls: Hi Anne, I recommend moving out of that apartment beacuse it sounds like it is unhealthy for you and your family and It will require serious mold remediation work to get it safe! I can t tell you if the mold is toxic from where I am sitting. You can also chek...

Mold: basement floor mold, white stuff on concrete
white stuff on concrete: Hi Gary, I think your question is, what is the white stuff coming through the floor and what do I do about it? Am I correct? The white stuff isn t mold, it is the lime or(salts) (one of the ingrediants in making cement)coming out of the concrete due to moisture....

Mold: ugly shower stall discovery, deer in the headlights, backer board
Mold: ugly shower stall discovery, deer in the headlights, backer board, horizontal surfaces

Mold: Mould on kitchen floor and skirting board, mold on floor
mold on floor: Hi Jaci, it sounds like stuff was too close to the wall and floor so air couldn t circulate arouind the area. I d keep the stuff away and see what happens over time. If no mold grows then that is the answer. If mold comes back then there is another problem...

Mold: mold in bathroom shower walls, mold behind shower walls
mold behind shower walls: Hi Rhonda, unfortunately, you are correct and just cleaning from the shower side isn t going to resolve the problem. The water leaked inside the shower stall wall has never dried out and the mold that you see through the paint is just the tip of the iceburg...

Mold: Painted-over mold reappearing, mold on shower stall walls
mold on shower stall walls: Hi Wendy, I can t even believe that they would paint over the tile that is simply nuts! Unfortuately, the paint needs to be completely stripped off the tile and the joints cleaned and regrouted with a good quality grout. You will continue to have a problem...

Mold: ugly shower stall discovery, insured contractor to do the work
insured contractor to do the work: Hi Chris, Any GC or Master Carpenter with a tile installation experstise can do this repair job you do not need a mold remediation specialist! Be sure that you get a Certificate of Insurance from whomever does the work to be sure they are insured, should...

Mold: Mold in AC coils, Mold on AC coils
Mold on AC coils: Hi Marjorie, you have stumped me with your question. I have no experience with mold removal on AC coils. I will refer you to two good web sites that may help you with this issue! http://www.epa.gov/mold/moldguide.html and http://www.mouldfacts.ca/mouldtypes.html...

Mold: small black mold, MOLD
MOLD : Rich here are a few things to try 1) Always run the bathroom fan if you don t have one install one. 2) There is mold in the bathroom that you may not be seeing. Try wiping down all the walls, floor ceiling, ect at this time. HOPE THIS HELPS....

Mold: Mold 101, Mold Testing inside a house
Mold Testing inside a house: Hi Michael, I m sorry to hear that you had this problem. Your local Board of Health may have test kits available but if not, Home Depot and Lowes has them. You can test tha house yourself. Please follow the instructions on the kits precisely and you should...

Mold: Mold-deterrant base for carpet, floor materials that resist mold
floor materials that resist mold: Hi Bill, all of your questions relate to flooring materials and how they best stand up to moisture & mold. Again, I will refer you to your local reliable flooring store for help. I am not a flooring materials exopert! However, if I had the same problem, I...

Mold: Mold in RV, Mold inside RV
Mold inside RV: Hi Jackie, it sounds like you have a serious mold and rot problem with you RV. Not being a public health official myself, I can t tell you if it is unhealthy to stay in the RV you can contact your local Board of Health to answer that question. I strongly...

Mold: bathroom mold, MOLD TESTING
MOLD TESTING : James. The 1st thing that needs to be done is the bathroom and inner wall needs to be tested for mold. if there is mold behind the wall it will work its way out into the living area. after the evaluation for mold the next step can be taken as far as...

Mold: bathroom mold, No exhaust fan in bathroom leads to mold growth
No exhaust fan in bathroom leads to mold growth: Hi James, from what you described, it sounds like there is a serious mold problem in this bathroom. Reocurring mold on the ceiling, loose wall tiles & missing grout allows water to penetrate behind the wall and get everything behind it (wet walls are not a...

Mold: cement slab floor, asbestos tile , smells, Mold on concrete floor
Mold on concrete floor: Hi Carol, I m afraid that I have to recommend removal of the asbestos tiles before installing any new floor in your situation. I remediated a flood in a basement back in March when we had five days of rain and thousands of flooded basements in the Boston...

Mold: Garage Mold, green mold, cement floors
green mold, cement floors, dehumidifier: Dennis The Dehumidifier will not help this issue. you do have mold. you need to have the garage cleaned, all walls and ceiling. the mod may have been brought in on any number of wet or damp items and started to grow in this area on the sheet rock. have...

Mold: Mold on everything in my garage., Garage mold
Garage mold: Hi Jason, it sounds like this garage is making you sick because of the presence of the mold. The reactions you described about yourself are typical of those most commonly found in people who work and live in moldy environments. The garage must have a high...

Mold: Brown spots on my wall, mold remediation specialist, plasterboard
mold remediation specialist, plasterboard, condensation: Hi C & S, because the room is always cod you are probably getting condensation inside the wall and there is a high likely hood that mold is growing inside the wall. Get a contractor over there asap and have him remove the plasterboard where the discoloration...

Mold: can closed vents cause mold, cause mold, hvac contractor
cause mold, hvac contractor, c unit: Hi Elsa, I am really confused now. What heats your home in the winter if the furnace doesn t work? May I suggest that you have your system checked by a qualified HVAC contractor in your area? From where I am sitting, I simply cannot advise you what to do...

Mold: Mold in bedroom, water pipe leaks, mold remediation
water pipe leaks, mold remediation, concrete slab: Hi Mary Jo, my guess is that the concrete slab which is porous is sucking up moisture from the ground and in turn, the walls and floor are sucking up moisture from the slab. Anything with mold will have to be removed completely. The concrete will need to be...

Mold: Mold Under Kitchen Island, pipe leak, kitchen island
pipe leak, kitchen island, water leak: Hi Megan, unfortunately, I have no other answer for you than completely removing the island to get at the mold to get rid of it. There is probably a lot of mold under there if the water leak has continued for a long period of time. Also, the island base will...

Mold: Mold Inspection Reports, mold inspection, mold problem
mold inspection, mold problem, food source: Hi Naomi, Mold needs air, a food source and moisture to live and grow. If all three things have been present in your attic during those years than yes, the mold could have been there for 26 years. There are ways of dealing with living mold but you have not...

Mold: Musty Smell in apartment, kitchen counter top, kitchen cupboard
kitchen counter top, kitchen cupboard, wall cavity: Hi Denise, If the building is wood framed and they had (ice dams) in the winter the smell likely is coming from mold growing on the wood frame or the insulation inside the walls or both. Another possibility is that it is coming from mold in the carpeting or...

Mold: small brown spots on walls, lowes stores, asthma flare
lowes stores, asthma flare, california mountains: Hi Cherise, it does look like mold but to be sure I would test it for mold if I were you. You can get a test kit at many hardware stores, Home Depot or Lowes stores. If it proves to be mold someone who knows what they are doing has to clean it as soon as possible....

Mold: black mold in our house, mold under floor
mold under floor: Hi Bonnie, mold needs three things to live and grow; air, moisture and a food source. You must have all three under the floor. I would try to determine why the moisture is getting trapped there. What is the humidity level inside your home at different times...

Mold: mold behind baseboards, lumber supply, test kit
lumber supply, test kit, mold: Hi Barbara, this is a simple thing for you to do. Go to your local hardware or big box lumber supply store and get a mold test kit. Follow the instructions on the kit and test the stuff to see if it is really mold! I hope it turns out not to be mold. Good...

Mold: Mold prevention inside walls, Home Inspection answers
Home Inspection answers : Good Morning, Well the idea may seam like a good one but it is not. What you really need to do is cut the wall open behind the washer and remove the damaged sheet rock and wet insulation. The area then needs to dry out before you can replace the insulation...

Mold: Mold in attic crawl space, mold cleanup, space question
mold cleanup, space question, crawl space: Hi Susan, the answer to that question takes more than an email message and the EPA & CDC do a much better job of explaining it than I can. Here is the web address that has the information that should answer all or most of your questions! Good Luck, Daniel...

Mold: Mold on bedroom windows, double pane glass, glass pane
double pane glass, glass pane, bedroom windows: Hi A, you have a very common situation and it is condensation. Mold is growing because of the moisture that exists. Unless you want to update your windows with new, insulated (double pane) glass the situation will always happen in the cold months. You can...

Mold: Mold Question Followup, ozone machine, ozone generator
ozone machine, ozone generator, air test: Hi Joan, unfortunately I am 1500 miles away from where you are so I am limited in what I can advise you on simply because I can physically be there to make a proper assessment. I do know that using an ozone generator is not a 100 guarantee that it will remove...

Mold: Mold in Vents & HVAC System, sick headache, return ducts
sick headache, return ducts, cloud of dust: Hi Joan, it sounds like there is an area within the existing AC/heating duct system that still contains mold. You may want to hire someone with TV equipment to thoroughly inspect the entire system to see if it was in fact properly cleaned. Bleach mixed with...

Mold: home mold kit test came positive, mold kit, home mold
mold kit, home mold, quick reply: Again the mold you have is likely not to be toxic and that means that any health risks would be very low. Did you reqad the information given in the EPA s web site? However, you do what you feel is the best thing to do for you & your family. Maybe a neighbor...

Mold: Mold, food source, mold
food source, mold, cold air: Hi Beth, now you two have a bet going on right? I m going to refer your question to a higher authority the EPA check out their web sit on mold and your question as to who is right and wrong will be answered! www.epa.gov/mold/moldguide I will tell you this,...

Mold: mold in rental unit, sinus problems, tooth ache
sinus problems, tooth ache, board of health: Hi Nona, I am not a medical professional so I cannot answer those questions. You have to check with your doctor or your local board of health with any questions related to conditions you may have. The mold does need to be killed and cleaned off the wall as...

Mold: detecting mold, double pane windows, mold remediation contractor
double pane windows, mold remediation contractor, mold kit: Hi Daniel, I would like to purchase a mold kit but would like to know if they really work? ((YES they do work)) Also, my living room has double pane windows and I noticed that there is moisture between them. Today, there was a gentlemen advertising window...

Mold: who to hire?, MOLD TESTING EXPERT
MOLD TESTING EXPERT : Mold kits in the store are not very good, My recommendation would be to test the wall for moisture and do an inner wall test for mold. You would need special equipment. The problem is in most states that is no license for mold testing! look for some one that...

Mold: mold on leather, leather damage, lowes
leather damage, lowes, leather couch: Hi Kathy, my expertise is in dealing with mold in homes and buildings not furniture. That is something that will require someone with experience in that area. You might try a local ulpolstery cleaning company or check at Home Depot or Lowes cleaning products...

Mold: Does odor indicate mold?, plumbing leaks, concrete foundation
plumbing leaks, concrete foundation, vinyl siding: Hi NH, if you are getting a musty smell inside the house, that is a tell tail sign that there is mold and it is alive. That smell is the offgassing of the mold. Further investigation is necessary to find out where the mold is. Even if you have to cut holes...

Mold: 2 questions: is it mold?, mold spores, porch ceiling
mold spores, porch ceiling, necessary thanks: 1) there was no photos attached to this letter? 2) wood will change color after it is wet normally to a black color. 3) mold spores will normally have a circular pattern. 4) as far as the crawl space. with out running an air test i can not tell you is...

Mold: Mold smell, cat urine smell, mold mildew
cat urine smell, mold mildew, osb sheathing: Hi Marie, I suspect that there is mold further down the inside of the wall cavities that didn t get bleached and is still growing and offgassing . I recommend cutting a small hole in the wall inside, below the windows and inspect in the wall cavity to see...

Mold: mold on ceiling, mold on ceiling
mold on ceiling: Hi Jackie, mold & mildew are basically the same thing. Can you move this elderly person into another room until the mold on the ceiling is eliminated? The offgassing from the mold isn t a good thing for him/her to breath in under the circumstances. If the...

Mold: moldy smelling carpet?, carpet extractors, professional carpet
carpet extractors, professional carpet, carpet cleaner: Hi Zak, at least it sounds like you and your friends are enjoying each others company in the room where the carpet is located! It is hard for me to determine for sure if there is mold in your carpet being from cyberland. If there have been a lot of liquid...

Mold: Please Help, is it > (Mold or Wood Rot ??), slab repairs, professional home inspection
slab repairs, professional home inspection, water leaks: Hi Naomi & David, Before you bought the house did you get a professional home inspection done? If not, that would have been money well spent. If you did, and he/she missed this stuff and I recommend that you call your lawyer and talk about your recourse!...

Mold: plumbing leak/mold, baseboard heaters, plumbing leak
baseboard heaters, plumbing leak, bottom plate: Hi Judy, what has been done so far sounds good to me. However, you do need to pull back the pad too! If it is wet it must be discarded. It is impossible to dry out pads properly. If the carpet got wet and wasn t dried (extracted) soon afterwards then it also...

Mold: mold?, Mold on concrete
Mold on concrete: Hi Sherry, mold has been found on the glass windows on the space shuttle, meaning that mold can grow on anything including PT lumber. I suspect that it is under the PT wall bottom plate which sits on top of the concrete and under the wall studs. Cut out a...

Mold: Mold Question, Mold smell inside car
Mold smell inside car: Hi Ian, I mainly deal with mold in residential homes. However, I have dried out some cars over the years too. Unfortunately, if the carpet & padding below the carpeting got wet and was not dried out ASAP, you have mold in the carpet & pad and that must be...

Mold: bathroom mold?, black mold, exhaust vent
black mold, exhaust vent, worrysome: Hi Katie, orange colored mold is not as worrysome as black mold which can offgass stuff people shouldn t breath in. Thatis not to say that the orange colored mold shouldn t be removed, it should. Your bath exhaust fan is either too small for the bathroom size...

Mold: Will any hepa filter work for black mold?, mold spores, mold problems
mold spores, mold problems, black mold: Hi James, My expertise lies in a different direction that being remediating mold in residential homes. I have very little experience with the filters that you speak of and the process of removing invisible mold spores in the air. I m sorry that I cannot...

Mold: mold on cedar, growing mold, cedar siding
growing mold, cedar siding, office of consumer affairs: Hi Missy, it sounds like you have not been treated honestly or fairly by the contractors who worked on your house. Have you contacted the Office of Consumer Affairs or Attorney General s office in tour state? Maybe you should because there may be money that...

Mold: Removing invisible mold, Remediating invisible mold
Remediating invisible mold: Hi James, here is a web site that I highly recommend you look at for instructions on just what you should do to clean up your bathroom and hopefully eliminate the mold problem!They explain it to you a lot better than I can in an e-mail message! http://www.health.state.mn.us/divs/eh/indoorair/mold/#drying...

Mold: water damage/mold, mold type, pipeline system
mold type, pipeline system, wood flooring: Hi an interesting question! I usually get, what do I do about the mold type questions. You want to know who to call to find out where the water is coming from, right? You might try a qualified repair & remodeling contractor/carpenter. Or, try a qualified...

Mold: bathroom fan venting, mold problem, bathroom fan
mold problem, bathroom fan, attic space: Hi Melinda, It sounds like the excess moisture is caucing a mold problem in the closet and the bathroom. Is there a attic space above the bathroom? If there is, put the fan in the ceiling and either vent it through the roof or through the overhang of the house....

Mold: I live in a toxic home due to mold. the house is being digested and all I own with it, but now I am finally out of denial., mold mites, maytag washer
mold mites, maytag washer, home inspecter: Hi Pauline, I wish I could help advise you but this is way out of my expertise arena. You might try someone at your local Board of Health department or a college, university or technical school that has scientist who know a lot about mold. Good Luck, Danie...

Mold: mold, fiberglass insulation, intermittent basis
fiberglass insulation, intermittent basis, ice dams: Hi Vic, You really should be 100% sure there is (no mold) above the ceiling. Can you go into the attic above the ceiling pull back the insulation and see if there is mold on top of the ceiling? You can also remove a larger section of the ceiling where...

Mold: Mold?, air exchanger, dryer air
air exchanger, dryer air, split level: Hi Beth, good for you for having the air ex-changer installed it is likely keeping the air on the lower level dry. The air under the entry is still damp which is why you still have mold under there. You might consider having a vent installed in the wall of...

Mold: Mold Under Bedroom?, mold test kits, mold problem
mold test kits, mold problem, bedroom walls: Hi Karen, that is definitely moss growing outside the house, that poses no harm to humans in this situation but should be removed anyway and mulch or something like it placed there to prevent the moss growth. Whether you have mod inside is another question....

Mold: Mold, water dispencer, cdc recommendations
water dispencer, cdc recommendations, black mold: Hi Linda, yes without a doubt, mold on the outside wall is a problem and needs to be investigated as soon as possible. It may be that there is a leak in a pipe somewhere or maybe the roof and water is coming down the wall. These things need to be look at and...

Mold: Is this mold?, Mold inside HVAC ducts
Mold inside HVAC ducts: Hi Sara, I have some bad news for you. You do have mold in the HVAC duct work in your apartment and likely throughout the entire building. Mildew is simply another term for mold. If they don t have the vents & duct work completely cleaned and the mold re-mediated...

Mold: mold in glass blocks, masonry supply, tile stores
masonry supply, tile stores, glass blocks: Hi Susan, I had another person ask this same question once before. I have never personally run into this problem. Is the mold inside the glass blocks or is the mold between the two sides of the glass blocks? I imagine that if the mold is between the the glass...

Mold: Mold problem, mold problem, black mold
mold problem, black mold, cross contamination: Hi Quentin,I completely understand your frustration having dealt with people in your position over a 30 year period. The level of mold problem that I suspect you have is complex. It will take a lot of patience, time, money and effort to re-mediate. I unfortunately...

Mold: mold in rubberwood table, mold mildew, zero humidity
mold mildew, zero humidity, cherry veneer: Hi Joni, thanks for sending the picture.It does look like cherry wood to me but I can t be 100% sure just by looking at the picture. It is possible that you may have invisible mold on the wood. I d like to suggest that you do a spot cleaning under the table...

Mold: red fungus on wood in couch, colored patches, bed bugs
colored patches, bed bugs, fungus: Amy, In an occupied building, such as a home, no surfaces, especially furniture, should have fungus growing on them. If this material is actually fungus, it is probably dormant; however it can still continue to cause allergic-type reactions in people....

Mold: mold on bed frame?, light gray lines, wood bed frame
light gray lines, wood bed frame, stiff brush: Amy, From your photo, this could be a bit of mold or mold residue. It also could be plain old wood stain from when the board was originally dried and milled. If you don t see signs of mold on other bed parts (such as the bottom of the box spring) you...

Mold: brown spots on fresh Drylok, cinder block walls, cement slab
cinder block walls, cement slab, mold spores: Hi Jerry, there are probably mold spores on the concrete block and unless you cleaned it properly the mild growth will have been aggravated by the paint which I presume is latex or water based. The walls should be cleaned (washed) with a solution of 80 water...

Mold: Foul Odor in Kitchen, foul odor, crawl spaces
foul odor, crawl spaces, dead animal: Hi Louise, this is a common problem with homes that have poorly ventilated crawl spaces under them. You will need to get someone to crawl in under the kitchen with a bright light to see if there is mold under there. It could be that or there may be a dead...

Mold: Your help is highly appreciated, mold effecting skin
mold effecting skin: Hi Jaz, thank you for your question but I am not the one to answer your question about if mold effects your skin. That would be a medical doctor who specializing in this. Most often if the is mold in a living space the off gassing of the mold will effect...

Mold: Is this mold?, tiny bugs, thin piece
tiny bugs, thin piece, blackness: Hi Leeana, it is hard for me to know for sure what it is without seeing it with my own eyes or having a close up picture of the area. But from your description I d say the brown spots are from the bugs. I presume you got rid of the bugs and cleaned the area....

Mold: mold, mold test kits, water damage restoration
mold test kits, water damage restoration, mold and mildew: Hi Dick, I have never in 30 plus years being in the business of water damage restoration ever heard from any source, that vinegar kills mold. Mold & mildew are the same thing. Maybe you know something that I don t. Bleach mixed with water will kill mold. The...

Mold: killing & cleaning mold, killing & cleaning mold
killing & cleaning mold: Hi William, mix the following in a gallon of water 1/2 ounce of laundry detergent with 12 ounces of bleach in a full gallon of water and use that to kill and clean the mold. The bleach in the mixture will kill the mold. You can put it in a spray bottle and...

Mold: Is it really mold, cause mold, water damage
cause mold, water damage, test kit: Hi Ranjeev, It could be mold but I can t tell for sure just by looking at the pictures. It is water damage and usually water damage cause mold. You may be able to buy a mold test kit somewhere and test it for mold. I d suggest doing that if you can. Good...

Mold: the best way to test myself?
Hi Penny, you can buy a test kit at the hardware store and test for mold yourself according to the instructions on the package. You can also use a visual test yourself. The following web sites have pictures of different molds on them that you can use to identify...

Mold: mold in babies room
Hi Jade, where is the moisture coming from that caused the black mold? Does the place you live in have high humidity? You may need to get a dehumidifier and run it at 50% or less humidity rate to dry the air in the rooms. Mold grows when there is high moisture,...

Mold: A musty smell bothering me...can't pinpoint exactly where...
Hi Penny, I am not a doctor but I do know that off-gassing from the black mold has proven to effect some people s breathing. When I go in a space with a lot of black mold my lungs have a feeling of pressure and my eyes water. Check out what the Center...

Mold: Damp Basement, mold in basement
mold in basement: Hi Chris, it sounds like there is moisture coming in through the concrete blocks of your foundation and the dehumidifier you have isn t keeping up with the amount of moisture coming into the basement. You may want to either increase the capacity to remove...

Mold: Mold stains, dry in the sun, punching bag
dry in the sun, punching bag, stains: Hi Rick, unfortunately the only way to resolve this is to remove all the sand and let it dry in the sun. Then the bag may have to be professionally dry cleaned. Canvas is notorious for getting moldy cleaning it yourself likely won t get rid of the mold. I...

Mold: Sweating walls and mold, mold spots in home
mold spots in home : Your windows are not your problem, with much missing information this is what i think is going on. 1) you have an older house 2) you have limited insulation in the walls. the problem is the outside is so cold and the inside of the house is warm....

Mold: Wet/Damp concrete slab under carpet tiles with rubber backing, commercial carpet tile, landscape planters
commercial carpet tile, landscape planters, path of least resistance: Hi Rick, did you get rain the week the carpet was off the concrete floor? It may be possible that some moisture infiltrated the concrete slab from Surface water. Another thought is that the moisture is coming from ground water inside the center area of the...

Mold: Black Mold in Incoming water pipes, certified mold remediation, black mold
certified mold remediation, black mold, kitchen faucet: Hi Catie, this is not a good thing and you will likely need to have a professional certified mold remediation person resolve this problem. You may also want to contact whoever provides your water be it a city or town water district and inform them what is...

Mold: Mold in the Van!, car junk yard, baking soda vinegar
car junk yard, baking soda vinegar, air deodorizers: Hi Alison, Congratulations on getting your driver s license happy and safe driving! I get a question like yours every once in a while. Mold in a car is just about impossible to get rid of. The reason is because it is hard to get mold out of materials like...

Mold: Mold on Garage Roofs, mold problem, bleach solution
mold problem, bleach solution, ridge vent: Hi Kenneth, wow what a good question! I have not had that one before from anyone at All Experts.com However, I have had it from customers of mine over the years. I live 20 miles west of Boston and we have thousands of homes in our area with exactly the same...

Mold: Mole/mildew Smell, water leaks, air moisture
water leaks, air moisture, musty smell: Hi Randy, how is the weather where you are in CA? I am 20 miles west of Boston and it is damp here. If you have a musty smell then it is likely to be mold off gassing so further investigation is required. Have you pulled out the refrigerator to look behind...

Mold: Potential Mold in basement, water damage restoration, mold spores
water damage restoration, mold spores, cardboard boxes: Hi Jim, Anything on the floor that got wet needs to be removed and cleaned thoroughly because it probably has mold spores on it. It you had any cardboard boxes or other paper items that got wet, they need to be discarded. The floor itself needs to be cleaned...

Mold: Is this mold?, mold remediation, bed bugs
mold remediation, bed bugs, skin doctor: Hi Nicholas, It is had to determine if it is in fact mold from where I am 20 miles west of Boston. The pics you sent are looking black in which case it could be mold. I suggest that you get a mold test kit and test the stuff you see on the vents. They are...

Mold: Mildew in one room in house..., mildew spores, earth berm home
mildew spores, earth berm home, sodium silicate: Hi Kim, thanks for your question. I actually built an earth berm, passive solar house in Northborough Massachusetts back in 1982. It is there today and uses very little energy to keep warm in the winter and cool in the summer. I hope your home performs well...

Mold: Condo apt
Hi David, the mold is causing you respiratory problems irritating your sinuses and eyes. So, the situation is bad enough to cause you health issues. That will continue if you live there and nothing is done about remediating the mold. I suggest that you contact...

Mold: mold...sort of.
Maybe your wife is more susceptible to the off gassing of the active mold in the crawl space that you are. Mold off gasses the musty smell that most people smell it but not everyone does. There is likely to be mold behind the walls and under the floor...

Mold: My A/C and blown in insulation
Debbie, You don t say where you live, but I m assuming somewhere in the northern tier of the U.S. This is important because how an attic duct system behaves is related to climate. That aside, here s what can happen: Warm air (which holds more moisture...

Mold: Mold Behind Drywall
Hi Steven, what you are asking of me is something that you probably should be asking the owner to do. I presume that you are a tenant renting from the owner. Have you brought this new situation to his/her attention? If you are seeing stains on an inside wall...

Mold: mold under bath fitter
Hi Robin, your husband did find out what the problem was. A leak in the seal of the bath fitter. That caused water to leak between the tub and the shell over it, Mold grew in the process. Black mold can off gas and that can cause breathing problems for some...

Mold: Shower mold
First of all never mix bleach and ammonia that will produce a gas that can kill anyone who breathes it in. Use a mold cleaner that you buy from Home Depot, Lowes, local hardware store or other retailers that sell safe mold cleaners. Read the label on the...

Mold: mold on pump room wall after waterproofing
Hi Sally, it sounds like the waterproofing you did on the outside is holding moisture on the inside of the blocks and mold is growing. The inside air is simply still very wet and it will have to be made drier either by adding heat and an air mover or adding...

Mold: Suspect Water Leak
Angela, If you can t tell where the odor is coming from, then you could call a mold/moisture company. They can measure moisture content behind cabinets and appliances, but they may require tou to hire a plumber or handyman to move and/or disconnect things...

Mold: Carpet Mold
Hi Susan, if the carpet has been wet for five days or more you very likely have mold. By the way not all mold is visible. The home owner cannot properly extract enough water/moisture to prevent mold from growing. It would have to be completely and quickly...

Mold: Mold in basement
Hi Mary what you described is very common in New England especially if a basement is not kept dry all the time. What the contractor did so far is very good. Now the basement must be kept dry or the mold will possibly come back and off gas again. Mold is...

Mold: Mold removal from patio pavers
Hi Karl, good question and a very common one in many parts of the USA. You can purchase a mold/mildew remover at most hardware stores Lowe s and Home Depot. Zep make s a good one that I use available at Home Depot. Follow the instructions on the label and...

Mold: Baa baa black sheep, baa baa black sheep, mold spores
baa baa black sheep, mold spores, fluffy material: Curt, If the attic is well ventilated and dry, and you don t see mold growing on adjacent joists, trusses, or sheathing, then the black is probably dirt/dust, etc. It is likely that the dirt and dust contains mold spores, since these are a normal part...

Mold: Black Mold (in attic), roofing tiles, black mold
roofing tiles, black mold, ridge vent: Jim, Having a floor in the attic generally simplifies cleanup. I answered a similar question to yours recently, for someone who wanted to know about cleaning a light infestation of mold tehmselves, in an unfinished attic. Here s the text of my answer,...

Mold: Black mold, black mold, water mixture
black mold, water mixture, luck steve: Mike, The very best way to remove mold from structural members such as studs is by mechanical means. This includes sanding, wire brushing, media blasting, etc. You remove a thin layer of wood and the mold goes with it. Since it s a detached garage (I...

Mold: How best to clean the funk, drywall plaster, hall closets
drywall plaster, hall closets, visible surface: Chris, From your description the mold is embedded in the drywall/plaster. The very best option is to remove the infested material at least two feet beyond any visible infestation, inspect framing and surrounding areas/cavities for other mold, and, if clean,...

Mold: block building-mold-humidity, humidity detector, bleach solution
humidity detector, bleach solution, turning a blind eye: Paula, Repeatedly cycling a room through large swings in temperature and humidity is not appropriate. It is likely causing condensation or very elevated humidity near susceptible surfaces. You could have a mold infestation in or under the carpet,...

Mold: Cleaning a Dirty AC Blower, air duct cleaner, household bleach
air duct cleaner, household bleach, bread mold: Chris, Visible mold can be often seen by an untrained eye (think bread mold) but if your blower is dirty, it (as well as the surrounding cabinet) should certainly be cleaned regardless of the presence of mold or just dust. Any sort of dirt buildup decreases...

Mold: Cleaning indoor mold, mold problem, concrete slabs
mold problem, concrete slabs, concrete furniture: Nan, First, and you may already know this, Penicillium, as well as a host of other environmental molds, are present in our breathing atmosphere all of the time, indoors and out. So be aware that you can t remove all exposure to this mold, but you can remove...

Mold: mold inside wall?, steve thanks
Mold: mold inside wall?, steve thanks

Mold: Removal of mildew or mold from leather, hydrogen peroxide, sun hydrogen
Mold: Removal of mildew or mold from leather, hydrogen peroxide, sun hydrogen, dry in the sun

Mold: Minor mold problem in the attic, insulation baffles, gable vent
insulation baffles, gable vent, soffit vent: Maria, I have a few recommendations that should help: (1) Make absolutely sure that the bath exhaust fan is vented to the outside through a continuous duct. Often, these fans are vented (improperly) into the attic, or a vent hose is attached, but just...

Mold: MOLD, mold remediation contractor, mold infestation
mold remediation contractor, mold infestation, indoor surfaces: Mia, If there was mold growing on indoor surfaces, it is probably inside of the walls, etc. It could be impacting indoor air quality. If it was my residence, I would remove all moldy porous materials (drywall,etc.) and clean all moldy structural members...

Mold: Mold, air quality problems, mold remediation contractor
air quality problems, mold remediation contractor, indoor air quality: Rhonda, Any mold on the surface can typically be cleaned using detergent and water (with scrub brushes, etc.). If the mold was heavy enough to penetrate deeply into the wood, it could be sanded, or if necessary disposed of. However, if there are enclosed...

Mold: Mold in My Apartment, leasing office, laundry room
leasing office, laundry room, recommended option: Paula, Simply painting over it is not a recommended option. The removal and management of mold and moisture is a complex discipline. I suggest that you first visit the EPA mold web location for some very good information on the subject. Go to: http://www.epa.gov/mold/moldresources.html...

Mold: Mold in Bathroom, black mold, box fan
black mold, box fan, baby on the way: Stella, If the patch is small, then wipe it with Clorox and water (1:1). Keep an eye on it. You must have a good exhaust fan in the bathroom, and use it during and after showers. Be sure that the new fan is exhausted to the outdoors, not to an attic,...

Mold: Mold in Bathroom, cup fungi, wood framing
cup fungi, wood framing, shower pan: Kate, This type of infestation is not a good sign. There is water/moisture accumulating behind the tiles, which means that water is getting in to the wall cavities somehow. There are many reasons this could happen. Tiles could be loose, grout could be missing,...

Mold: Mold on bathroom floor, inch gap, grand appearance
inch gap, grand appearance, added stress: Michelle, I m sorry to be the bearer of bad news, but from your description this bathroom is approaching the end of its useful life. Gaps in the grout, with ants, usually means that there is moisture in the walls behind the tile. The stain on the floor...

Mold: Mold under wallpaper, mold control, plaster walls
mold control, plaster walls, black mold: Cindy, If the mold is embedded in porous building materials then you should remove and discard the materials. If it is only on the surface (which is not always the case upon deeper inspection) then you can remove it by normal cleaning methods. It is...

Mold: Mold in unfinished room upstairs, mold remediation, gable end vent
mold remediation, gable end vent, growing mold: William, First off, be sure that the moldy areas are totally dry. If so, the mold is dormant and unlikely to be actively spreading. If moisture is still present, then you need to remedy that first. Now, dormant mold can be as much of a health hazard...

Mold: Mold, mold infestation, wood paneling
mold infestation, wood paneling, air currents: Heather, If you can really keep moisture out of the cavities and spaces behind the walls, you shouldn t have a problem with continuing mold infestation. However, if there was mold left on the block walls, there is a chance that it could contribute to increased...

Mold: Mysterious Stains, drywall screws, mysterious stains
drywall screws, mysterious stains, humidity rooms: Jane, The stains are most likely occurring directly on top of drywall screws or nails. This is a common occurrence in high-humidity rooms. The nail or screw heads are just beneath the surface, covered with drywall mud. Since they are metal, they can,...

Mold: mildew smell behind electrical plate, electrical switch plates, wall cavity
electrical switch plates, wall cavity, electrical plates: Maureen, I don t believe it will be worth it to put borax in the hole. It is very unlikely that it will end up in the right places to be effective. It probably wouldn t hurt to try, but borax may actually attract some moisture, which you don t need....

Mold: Is it mold????, oil furnace, burning candles
oil furnace, burning candles, relative humidity: Kelly, I answered this question yesterday. I don t know what happened. Here it is again: Kelly, This could be mold or it could be soot. Both can appear in the locations that you describe. Mold often first appears at the wall-ceiling joint because...

Mold: mold in AC, mold problem, vent system
mold problem, vent system, ac coil: Nicole, The AC coil and its surrounding plenum should be thoroughly cleaned. Also, the ducts the extend out the first few feet from the plenum are likely dirty as well. This area gets very wet and dusty during the cooling season and is the place where...

Mold: mold in apartment, mold spores, mold remediation
mold spores, mold remediation, remediation techniques: Kath, If the wall cavities were not quickly dried (24-48 hrs) after wetting, then there is a good chance that mold had a chance to establish itself in hidden areas. There is no treatment that can take care of this short of opening the walls/ceilings,...

Mold: mold in basement, stud wall, foam surface
stud wall, foam surface, mold in basement: Chad, The mold is likely caused by water vapor condensing on the cold surface of the concrete. High on the wall, the cold from outdoors lowers the temperature of the concrete enough to cause this to occur. You should clean the wall thoroughly and allow...

Mold: mold on bathroom floor, ceramic tile floor, mold remediation
ceramic tile floor, mold remediation, thinset mortar: Ellen, You should remove the moldy material, There is no good (or recommended) method of effectively treating mold in a situation like this. These types of DIY products are inappropriate in a water-prone area like a bathroom. In fact, particleboard...

Mold: mold in a/c, fiberglass board, uv sterilizer
fiberglass board, uv sterilizer, smooth interiors: Kimberly, You re welcome. And you are correct, larger filters do not typically fit without modifications to the return duct. But this is typical and unless your unit is crammed into a tiny closet, a good contractor can retro-fit a larger filter. --Steve...

Mold: mold between glass blocks in shower, frosting tip, grout sealer
frosting tip, grout sealer, green mold: Jack, If the blocks were laid up with grout between the mating faces, then you are in luck. You can remove the grout, starting with a grout saw, then by digging at it with a small screwdriver, etc. The trick it to have access to the space between the...

Mold: mold inside wall?, mold spores, wall cavity
mold spores, wall cavity, moisture intrusion: Gail, This small area of moisture intrusion is likely not aggravating you allergies. It is more likely due to the AC unit bringing in outdoor air that contains summer levels of irritants : mold spores, pollen, dust, etc. Of course the water problem...

Mold: mold inside walls, kara kara, mold colony
kara kara, mold colony, mold infestation: Kara, I m in upstate as well (Homer, NY) so I am very familiar with mold and moisture situations that occur around here. It is likely that the studs were wetted during construction. Houses take time to frame , and are often subjected to wetness before...

Mold: mold on Pergo, and under vinyl, pergo floor, subsurface drainage
pergo floor, subsurface drainage, black mold: Gwen, Moisture is accumulating under your floorings, probably due to the same causes as the sweating on the patio. You need to make sure that your AC is removing humidity adequately - have a professional check it out. You may also have problems with...

Mold: Is it mold????, oil furnace, burning candles
oil furnace, burning candles, relative humidity: Kelly, This could be mold or it could be soot. Both can appear in the locations that you describe. Mold often first appears at the wall-ceiling joint because it is colder, hence condensation forms there when the indoor relative humidity is high. ...

Mold: must smell, thick dust, renting a room
thick dust, renting a room, crawl spaces: Leah, This is difficult to answer without knowing more about the building. Musty smells can be harbored in carpets and rugs, behind walls and appliances, inside of cabinets, crawl spaces, damp areas, or even in the wall and ceiling finishes themselves....

Mold: Recurring mold on basement floor, calcium carbonate, plumbing problem
calcium carbonate, plumbing problem, white vinegar: Peter, Much of this is probably efflorescence, which is dissolved and re-precipitated calcium carbonate from the lime-based cement in the concrete. It is typically white and crumbly, growing somewhat like stalactites in a cave. Your wet slab is drying...

Mold: Removal of mildew or mold from leather, baseball glove, soap and water
baseball glove, soap and water, relative humidity: Joe, Leather is one of the more difficult items to clean, especially for a piece that has historical value. Simple cleaning and scrubbing with soap and water is essential, followed by sunlit drying. This article has some good practical tips: http://www.infohorse.com/html/moldytack.asp...

Mold: After removing Mold, mold cleaner, silicon sealant
mold cleaner, silicon sealant, exact relationship: Kiran, You should have a professional contractor come and evaluate the situation. Expect to pay by the hour. The problem could be inadequate or insufficient caulk, lack of a moisture barrier, or any number of things that only a site visit will reveal....

Molecular Biology: biologhy, respiration system, cellular respiration
respiration system, cellular respiration, multicellular organism: Hello, well these basic functions for a multicellular organism work together to bring the elements necessary for the respiration process: - the respiration system brings the oxygene - the digestive system brings the nutrient - the circulatory system allows...

Molecular Biology: cloning, expression vector, function of protein
expression vector, function of protein, s aureus: Well that makes things easier... a bit. You have your regulatory elements, so you can just introduce your genes in the vector. I will advise you to choose a shuttle vector between E. coli and S. aureus. Maybe your lab already have one available. If not I...

Molecular Biology: connection?, mitochondria dna, sequence dna
mitochondria dna, sequence dna, genetic sequences: Hi, By comparing genetic sequences of different animals you can determine their evolutionary relationship. Molecular Biology allows scientists to sequence DNA and look for these relationnships. One can also determine the genetic relationship between different...

Molecular Biology: about dna transcription, dna transcription, messenger rna
dna transcription, messenger rna, synthesis of proteins: Hi Greizy, Firstly, my apologies for a late reply. As you might be knowing that DNA carries the code for the synthesis of all the proteins which regulate and maintain the functions of the cell. This code is decoded is decoded by the cell machinery to synthesize...

Molecular Biology: hi,, uc berekely, etbr
uc berekely, etbr, upper respiratory tract: EtBr is a mutagen that can be absorbed through skin. In small concentrations you should, in general be fine, be sure that you reported it to the Environmental Health and Saftey department on campus. If you have any complications such as rash formation etc....

Molecular Biology: meiosis, interphase, designations
interphase, designations, meiosis i and meiosis ii: There occurs a short resting phase (interphase) between meiosis I and meiosis II. Meiosis lack G1, S and G2 designations of the first interphase.The G phases refers to gap phase.Moreover,duplication of DNA also doesn t occur in S phase of meiotic interphase.Hence,...

Molecular Biology: microbiology, german bacteriologist, tubercle bacillus
german bacteriologist, tubercle bacillus, paul erhlich: I m sorry I don t have the answer, but I saw that the answer was already given on another website, as allexperts.com. For what I gathered, Mycobacterium being an acidophilic bacteria, it seems logical that it will be more resistant to an acidic chemical,...

Molecular Biology: Does mold make bread heavier?, mr mrs ms, green mold
mr mrs ms, green mold, hotmail: Hi Stephanie, this is an interesting question... I have to admit that I never thought about it! Well, the mold (Penicillium digitatum) will indeed have everything it needs from the bread to grow, so theoretically it will not be heavier. It will though use...

Molecular Biology: transcription & splicing questions, dna binding domain, dna molecule
dna binding domain, dna molecule, sequence specificity: Good day! First of all, your first question here is quite vague. Transcription factors recognize DNA binding domain and the activation domain in order to initiate transcription of DNA. These transcription factors are sequence specific, which means they only...

Molecular Biology: coagulation cascade, university of vermont burlington, coagulation cascade
university of vermont burlington, coagulation cascade, extrinsic pathway: Hello, It appears that your doubts are correct, here is a recent research abstract on the subject and a good website: http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/426340 Best fo luck! Titre du document / Document title Inhibition of thrombin generation...

Molecular Biology: Immunology, nucleotide sequence analysis, polymerase chain reaction
nucleotide sequence analysis, polymerase chain reaction, polymerase chain reaction pcr: Hello, This is an ongoing area of research, here are some links and an abstract describing what is currently known about somatic hypermuation and neoplastic B cells. Essentially rates of somatic hypermutation may be useful in determining the state of development...

Molecular Biology: Myoglobin, heme protein, fetal hemoglobin
heme protein, fetal hemoglobin, oxygen deprivation: Hello, I appologize for my late response, I was away from my computer while traveling. I am not exactly sure I understand your question, I wonder if you meant hemoglobin instead of myoglobin as there is a fetal and maternal version of hemoglobin? ...

Molecular Biology: molecular biology, rapd markers, ncbi
rapd markers, ncbi, molecular biology: Hello, Sorry for the delay, I was away from my computer while traveling. Here are serveral very good sites about RAPD markers. I hope this helps with your request for more information about RAPD. http://www.ndsu.nodak.edu/instruct/mcclean/plsc731/mapping/mapping1.htm...

Molecular Biology: Unstable electron configration, electron configuration, valence electron
electron configuration, valence electron, number of protons: Hi Chanda, Great question! When atoms form bonds (ionic in the case of sodium where it actually gives up an electron) they are ultimately the most stable when their electron configuration matches that of a nobel gas and the electron or valance shell...

Molecular Biology: amp and kan resistant plasmids, marker gene, resistance gene
marker gene, resistance gene, selection pressure: Hi, you can have a plasmid without any resistance gene, actually most of natural plasmid don t carry any resistance. The usefulness of having a resistance is the easiness to have a selection pressure to select only the bacteria presenting the plasmid. ...

Molecular Biology: Cloning, science experiment, agar
science experiment, agar, differentiation: Hi, It does a long time I didn t try that actually... But after some research, you should obtain the final callus state around about a month of culture. Then you ll be able to use the cells to perform the differentiation experiments. So you ll have to wait...

Molecular Biology: digestion of cellulose, nutirtion, cellulose
nutirtion, cellulose, microbes: Barb, Firstly, pardon me for a late reply. I am tied up with too many issues these days. Yes, humans can t digest cellulose as they lack the microbes needed for this purpose in their intestine. As for getting nutrition; plants are made up of lot of other...

Molecular Biology: molecular cloning, target gene, linear dna
target gene, linear dna, mail id: Firstly, pardon me for a late reply. I was tied up with too many issues these days. As for your first question; I have never came across such an issue myself. I have forwarded ur question to my senior for futher consideration. Comming to the second one, please...

Molecular Biology: toe printing assay, start codon, translation factors
Molecular Biology: toe printing assay, start codon, translation factors, dntps

Molecular Biology: toe printing assay, dna finger printing, restriction enzyme
dna finger printing, restriction enzyme, correct translation: Hi Hannah. I believed the correct translation should be DNA finger printing assay . DNA finger printing is unique pattern of one DNA after it has been digest by certain restriction enzyme and run the product on gel. Every individual has unique pattern of...

Molecular Biology: Post translational modification, recombinant dna technology, cell organelles
recombinant dna technology, cell organelles, native protein: Hi there, I was just searching the questions in allexperts, and came across yours. Yes, that is true. Some, but not, all proteins have post-translational modification that is specific for that organism, so if you express it in bacteria, they can not do the...

Molecular Biology: eating ATP, dna molecules, organic compounds
dna molecules, organic compounds, sudent: Hi there, Yes, you are right. We use it in the lab, but as I said, I am not sure if our body can handle it and use it. I am not sure why not since it is structured the same way that it is in our body, but there are a lot going on when you take some thing....

Molecular Biology: proteomics, human protein, mass spectroscopy
human protein, mass spectroscopy, protein structure: Hi there, You need to have the tertiary structure, but some times, due to the mutation in the DNA, the amino acid sequence is not correct, and it does not give you the correct secondary structure, so there is no need to find about the 3D structure. However,...

Molecular Biology: Random primers, random primers, genomic dna
random primers, genomic dna, unicellular: Hi there, I am in my way to go to a trip, I will be back and can use my computer on Tuesday. If you do not mind waiting, I will try to get back to you if you re-send it to me on tuesday. I am sorry for that, and I am going to put myself for vacation right...

Molecular Biology: brain tissue consistency, information consistency, brain organization
information consistency, brain organization, brain tissue: Hi there, This is out of my area, but I have found an article that you can print out and it will answer your question. I have not been able to sent it to you because we can not send attachment through here, but this is the title and information: CONSISTENCY...

Molecular Biology: cell membranes, structure of cell membranes, plasma membrane
structure of cell membranes, plasma membrane, referals: Hello there, When I was working with students and also for my own learning concepts, my boss suggested this website that has written very simply and clearly. It explains detail by detail different structures and how each one is. If you do not mind, go through...

Molecular Biology: eating ATP, dna molecules, organic compounds
dna molecules, organic compounds, sudent: Hi there, Yes, you are right. We use it in the lab, but as I said, I am not sure if our body can handle it and use it. I am not sure why not since it is structured the same way that it is in our body, but there are a lot going on when you take some thing....

Molecular Biology: laminin, molecule, wikipedia
molecule, wikipedia, good luck: Hi there, I hope these help, and if not, please feel free to get back to me and I will try to find more information for you. I believe they have very similar structure, so I hope this first website answers your question. Good luck. http://www-ermm.cbcu.cam.ac.uk/01003659h.htm...

Molecular Biology: Molecular Biology, molecular biology laboratories, molecular biology research
molecular biology laboratories, molecular biology research, four months: Hi there, I do not believe there is a book that tells you all these calculations. They are basically biochemistry calculations. I learned them all in my lab work. If you are really interested in learning and gaining more experience, I would suggest that find...

Molecular Biology: proteomics, human protein, mass spectroscopy
human protein, mass spectroscopy, protein structure: Hi there, I have sent you there sites that can give you the information about the differences between NMR and bioinformatics and also tells you why we use bioinformatics. http://www.springerlink.com/content/q1305023573l8487/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bioinformatics...

Molecular Biology: question, sars coronavirus, public health systems
sars coronavirus, public health systems, public health experts: Hi there, Actually, there is a book that came out with exact same title as your question. I have copied and pasted the summary of the book. I think that will give you the best answer if you have time to get it and read it or borrow it from your school library....

Molecular Biology: question, public health concerns, small pox
public health concerns, small pox, pathogen: Hi there, Read this website and see if it answers your question. If not, I will try to find it out for you, but my guess is that they have not really made a vaccine against small pox. It is another virus that is similar to small pox but different enough not...

Molecular Biology: question, sequence homology search, query sequence
sequence homology search, query sequence, statistical measures: Blast is a tool for sequence homology search. For instance, if you have query sequence for which the function has to be deciphered, you can blast your query sequence against a database of sequences for which the functions were deciphered, if the query sequence...

Molecular Biology: SDS PAGE, tris base, pipette tips
tris base, pipette tips, prokaryote: Hi there, Getting bands in your empty lane does not relate to the buffer you choose. There are few possibilities, and I will give you some and see if that works: 1) if you are using sample buffer with SDS, if the amount of that sample buffer is not enough...

Molecular Biology: science, what are the steps in scientific method, steps in scientific method
what are the steps in scientific method, steps in scientific method, hypothesis: Hi there, Thanks for contacting me. Here they are: 1.Hypothesis (what you think of the subject, what is going on) 2. Material and methods: doing experiment, searching, etc, showing your hypothesis is right or wrong. This is when you gather data,basically,...

Molecular Biology: ATP Assay, molecular probe, lysate
molecular probe, lysate, atp: Hi there, I believe any thing that can stain neuleic acid can work on ATP. One of the things that may work is SYTOX neucleotide staining from molecular probe. That is one thing that came to my mind. I hope every thing works out. Good luck to you...

Molecular Biology: careers in cell and molecular biology, cell and molecular biology, biochemistry and molecular biology
cell and molecular biology, biochemistry and molecular biology, patent drugs: Hi there, First, I apologize for getting back to you so late due to the series of seminars and presentation that took my time unexpectedly. Well, my major was biochemistry and molecular biology. You can do a lot with that. I have a Ph.D as well. You...

Molecular Biology: careers in molecular biology, biochemistry and molecular biology, cell biology
biochemistry and molecular biology, cell biology, howev: Hi there, Very interesting question. I have a Ph.D in molecular biology and biochemistry and I am doing cancer research. 1) You are right, you can go to either genetics or molecular biology or cell biology major for your Ph.D or master s. I believe cell...

Molecular Biology: microbiology, bacterial spores, s aureus
bacterial spores, s aureus, death point: Hi there, Take a look at these websites and see if they are any good. If not, get back to me, and I try to find some articles for you. I thought these would be more straight forward. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thermal_death_time Also, this article...

Molecular Biology: molecular biology, dna repair mechanisms, dna replication
dna repair mechanisms, dna replication, web books: Hi there, I can suggest and online website to help you learn about these, but it is to some extend a long process to write it down here. This is the website: http://www.web-books.com/MoBio/Free/Chap7.htm If you still have questions, please get back...

Molecular Biology: molecular biology and organisms biology, zebra fish, biology biochemistry
zebra fish, biology biochemistry, field biologist: Hi there, Thanks for contacting me. To answer your questions: 1) yes, definitely there are other researchers who do other things. The field that is getting hot is to use molecular biology in zebra fish. This is getting more and more popular. Also, these...

Molecular Biology: Bacteria growth on food, necessary nutrients, food bacteria
necessary nutrients, food bacteria, bacteria growth: Bacteria is all around us, fungus and bacteria can be found on almost every surface (unless recently cleaned) our skin and even the air. Left over food has typically been exposed to bacteria or fungus in the air or on a surface and typically has all of the...

Molecular Biology: Unwanted bands in SDS-PAGE, protein solution, gel image
Molecular Biology: Unwanted bands in SDS-PAGE, protein solution, gel image, glycerol

Molecular Biology: hydrogen ions, coordinate covalent bond, florida gulf coast
coordinate covalent bond, florida gulf coast, hydrogen ions: Hello! What happens in this process is the formation of a coordinate covalent bond between the three hydrogens and the one oxygen. Since pictures often speak volumes in understanding chemistry here is a website that explains and illustrates the process: ...

Molecular Biology: Primers are small, amplification products, target sequence
amplification products, target sequence, genomic dna: Hi Kumar, In general yes, however your amplification products have the potential to have many contaminating sequences (not just the target sequence). Also, your annealing temp will have to be very low to make sure your primer sticks... a slow ramp down...

Molecular Biology: Unwanted bands in SDS-PAGE, loading buffer, silver stain
loading buffer, silver stain, pipette tips: Hello Manurva, Thank you for contacting me. I have done silver staining few times, and I know it is very dirty staining, and definitely not to be compared with coomassie staining. Silver is more sensitive, and you are able to detect more junks (if you want...

Molecular Biology: Unwanted bands in SDS-PAGE, silver stains, protein preparation
silver stains, protein preparation, protein samples: Hi! It sounds like you have done a lot of work to try to rectify this problem! Where are these protein samples that you are running coming from? If you changed sources or method of protein preparation I would check all of those steps for possible contamination,...

Molecular Biology: 8 questions, protein subunits, particle movement
protein subunits, particle movement, biology textbook: Not really sure of what you are asking, but here goes. First of all, you are using the term transport protein incorrectly in many cases here, in part 1 it seems to me you are talking about an ion channel. Ion channels are made up of protein subunits...

Molecular Biology: 8 questions, homework assignment
Molecular Biology: 8 questions, homework assignment

Molecular Biology: genetics, dna helix, double stranded dna
dna helix, double stranded dna, cytosine: 1. A pairs with T and C with G because the enzymes that replicate DNA using the leading strand to read the sequence, and place the corresponding base in the newly synthesized strand. Also, the molecular structures of A-T and C-G allow them to form proper...

Molecular Biology: life, Life, Cryogenics
Life, Cryogenics, Back from the dead: Axes, The truth is, we dont know everything that makes up the human body. There are hundreds upon thousands of complex molecular pathways that we do not have the capability of understanding. Technically, we can bring people back to life, thats what is happening...

Molecular Biology: Molecular Biologist, molecular biologist, cellular physiology
molecular biologist, cellular physiology, biological organisms: Ena, I am a graduate student in Molecular and Cellular Physiology. We study cell processes, gene expression, and other things that happen at or below the cellular level in biological organisms. The educational background varies from a B.S. to a Ph.D. pay...

Molecular Biology: Osmosis, concentration gradient, plant cells
concentration gradient, plant cells, cell water: Well osmosis is the flow of water down a concentration gradient. Usually this occurs across a gradient of solute that cannot pass through a water permeable membrane. There are three possible outcomes for your situation: 1. If the sugar water solution...

Molecular Biology: pharmacokinetices, bile duct, metabolic process
bile duct, metabolic process, gene expression: Barbiturates are metabolized hepatically. Meaning they are broken down by the liver. If you re looking for a step by step metabolic process, ask your teacher. Also, barbiturates have been shown to alter hepatic bile duct gene expression and most (if not...

Molecular Biology: protein, protein isolation, positive k
protein isolation, positive k, salt concentrations: 1. Proteins are extracted at varying salt concentrations. A nice wikipedia page on this. A positive K describes salting out and a negative K value describes salting in. 2. So that the different tissues can metabolize glucose. There is also an in depth wikipedia...

Molecular Biology: molecular biology, phosphate backbone, protein solubility
phosphate backbone, protein solubility, calcutta school: Suvagata, There is a very nice wikipedia page on salting out and the use of NaCl. The salt take proteins but not DNA out of the mix so that you are left with just DNA. Protein solubility depends upon the particular amino acid side chains that are exposed...

Molecular Biology: molecules in human body, muscle tissues, molecules in human body
muscle tissues, molecules in human body, pectoral muscle: Mara, One of the hardest things to do in science is to put things in terms that are simple enough for the lay population to understand, let me try my best here to do just that. In a general sense molecules make up tissues which make up organs which make...

Molecular Biology: Would like to do a Phd in molecular biolgy in America, real time pcr, biolgy
real time pcr, biolgy, average gpa: 1) Stanford, UCLA, John-Hopkins are all incredibly difficult to get into as they are some of the top research institutions in the world. Im not sure about Brandeis or Boston but Id assume they are highly selective as well. SDSU is probably the easiest (and...

Molecular Biology: Question..., yoga breathing techniques, free oxygen radicals
yoga breathing techniques, free oxygen radicals, yoga meditation: George, To be perfectly honest, oxygen is actually toxic. Free oxygen radicals actually damage cellular structures such as proteins and lipids. When in its diatomic state (02) it is not toxic, so deep replenishment of oxygen can prevent it from becoming...

Molecular Biology: BIO reduction, electron transport chain, resting membrane potential
electron transport chain, resting membrane potential, excitable cells: I assume that the charge accumulation would have an effect on transport systems that rely on charge difference for ion transport. Also in excitable cells, such as muscle, it would change the resting membrane potential making excitation much more difficult....

Molecular Biology: Evolution, religious zealot, evolution question
religious zealot, evolution question, evolution evolution: What did you get your PhD in again? There is an endless body of independent research that supports Darwin s theory. A theory is not just some hair-brained idea, it is supported by hypothesis testing and is validated by experimental results. I m not going...

Molecular Biology: primers, random primers, universal primers
random primers, universal primers, adenine thymine: Wikipedia has a very complete page on this. I read through it and it seems to be complete, rather than re-type everything I ll just provide the link below. If you need any more clarification please follow up. Have a nice day, Adam http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Primer_%28molecular_biology%29#Degenerate_primer...

Molecular Biology: You, single celled organism, molecular evolution
single celled organism, molecular evolution, research universities: Actually, you told me (not asked) that it was impossible for man to evolve from a single celled organism. This is the first mention you have ever made of apes. Yes, Darwin s theory did have a few holes in it, but for the most part natural selection has held...

Molecular Biology: dna, red blood cells, red blood cell
red blood cells, red blood cell, dna replication: Hi there, these are your answers. please let me know if you need more clarification. Q#1)WHAT IS PRIMER. A primer is a short single strand of nucleic acid that is used as a starting point for DNA replication so that the polymerases can add nucleotide...

Molecular Biology: Enzymes and Proteins, florida gulf coast, florida gulf coast university
florida gulf coast, florida gulf coast university, gulf coast university: Hi Daniel, I have included couple of websites that you can read and they explain it very well. If you like me to write it in a very simple lanugage for you, let me know and I will re-send your answer. Best. Gloria http://www.wisegeek.com/what-are-enzymes.htmhttp://www.enzymedica.com/pdf/H-Whatareenzymes.PD...

Molecular Biology: MOLECULAR BIOLOGY LAB., molecular biology lab, tropical illnesses
molecular biology lab, tropical illnesses, pffm: Hi there, Sorry for getting back to you late. I was thinking of the best way to go is to look for the places (labs) that use PCR for that reason. These days, they even use that for criminal purposes. Therefore, it is definitely useful. I have found few links...

Molecular Biology: Molecular Biology, agarose gel electrophoresis, recombinant dna technology
agarose gel electrophoresis, recombinant dna technology, polymerase chain reaction: Hi There, I am not sure if you mean the molecular biology techniques. If that is what you mean, these are the techniques. PCR means polymerase chain reaction expression Cloning means inserting DNA into a plasmid. agarose gel electrophoresis...

Molecular Biology: microbiology- testing disinfectants, serial dilution, dilutions
serial dilution, dilutions, disinfectant: Hi there, I am not sure why you are using those dilutions. In general, when we are incubating bacteria to grow for cloning purposes, we use 1:2, 1:10. or so dilutions. Mostly 1:2 and if you are very concerned, you can do 1:2, 1:5, and 1:10 dilutions, and...

Molecular Biology: Can bacteria convert milk to "butter"?, milk solids, volatile compounds
milk solids, volatile compounds, milk protein: Hi there, this is not my area, but very interesting question. I searched then net, and found this article. Let me know if it makes sense to you, or I can give you some more information. http://novocreamseparators.com/blog/clean-separation/butter/ http://www.webexhibits.org/butter/culturing.html...

Molecular Biology: Molecular biology, bacillus thuringiensis, pcr primers
bacillus thuringiensis, pcr primers, molecular biology: Hi Amal, These are few articles that I found that will explain it to you. I do not use them myself, but I always search the articles for finding the primers. That is one of the best ways to go. http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?artid=91556...

Molecular Biology: miracle of discovery, true discovery, biological issue
true discovery, biological issue, human civilization: Hi Shawn, Very interesting question. However, let me put it this way. Let s say I am working in the lab and discover the role of a specific protein in regularing a specific signaling pathway. This is some thing totally novel and new that nobody has shown...

Molecular Biology: Protein kinase a, protein kinase c, dependent protein
protein kinase c, dependent protein, understandable fashion: Hi Wayne, I hope I am not writing late. I just saw your question. I have sent you some links that can explaine these to you. I hope it helps, and if not, please get back to me, and I will do my best to answer them more clearly. http://www.promega.com/guides/sigtrans_guide/strg_chap02.pdf...

Molecular Biology: getting a phd in biochemistry, medical molecular biology, postdocs
medical molecular biology, postdocs, working mothers: Hi there, Good questions. 1. First, I am still in my postdoc training. Because of the grant situation, it is extremely hard to find a job. There are a lot of competitions with people from the famous labs still struggling to get a job in academia. That...

Molecular Biology: question, regulation of protein synthesis, dna transfer
regulation of protein synthesis, dna transfer, bi12: Hi Chris, I am going to send you some websites that have the answers to your questions. They are pretty straight forward. Go through them, and if they are not clear for you, please email me back and I will try to explain them further. http://web.jjay.cuny.edu/~acarpi/NSC/12-dna.htm...

Molecular Biology: Recombinant bacteria, starch metabolism, recombinant bacteria
starch metabolism, recombinant bacteria, gene fragments: Hi there, Thanks for writing. To be honest, I never used plates that are that old and never heard of any body doing that. I know people keep their plates for some times at 4 degree, but not for that long. one thing is that the bacteria may get rid of the...

Molecular Biology: hello
Hi there, I am sorry that you were not happy with my answer. Is there any thing that I can help you with further? Thanks Glori...

Molecular Biology: Interested in Molecular Biology, molecular biologists, molecular biologist
molecular biologists, molecular biologist, world insight: Hi Amanda, Well, here are the answers to your questions in a short version. I start with the bad sides of it because I feel people should know honestly, and then, the rewarding side of it. 1. The first thing to do is to go to a research lab. Molecular...

Molecular Biology: macromolecule HELPPP PLEASSE, cell membrane receptors, egg white protein
cell membrane receptors, egg white protein, tumor suppressor protein: Hi there, You are very welcome. Here is your answer (I am giving you some website with the complete explanation of the proteins, etc, so you can learn and use it to answer your questions): A. Proteins 1. Trypsin ( an enzyme) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trypsin...

Molecular Biology: microbiology, monomer units, nitrogen base
monomer units, nitrogen base, phosphate group: Hi Ryan, This is your answer. Please let me know if you have any more questions. The monomer units of DNA are nucleotides. Each nucleotide consists of a 5-carbon sugar (deoxyribose), a nitrogen containing base attached to the sugar, and a phosphate group....

Molecular Biology: question, neptunium, rhenium
neptunium, rhenium, osmium: Hi there, I was not quite sure what you mean by heaviest material. If you do not mind writing back to me and clear it a bit for me, I can help you much better. Meanwhile, If you mean the heaviest elements, here they are: 1. Osmium 2. Iridium 3. Platinum...

Molecular Biology: Autoclave, compound microscope, petri dishes
compound microscope, petri dishes, mr ross: Rich- anything that gets to 120 C would work just fine. I would also recommend obtaining some 70% ethanol (70% works better than 80% or 90% for some reason) to wipe your accessories down with before and after the sterilization process. Let me know if you...

Molecular Biology: Enquiries on uncut plasmid, ampicillin resistance, plasmid dna
ampicillin resistance, plasmid dna, hybridization probes: Andy, The last part of your question: you know the plasmid carries a resistance gene by plating it on the media with the drug it is supposedly resistant to. For example, a plasmid with ampr (ampicillin resistance) would grow on a plate with Ampicillin....

Molecular Biology: Gel Electrophoresis Confusion?, cathode and anode, electrophoresis chamber
cathode and anode, electrophoresis chamber, gel electrophoresis: Brianna and Julie, First of all, I am not familiar with the Ward s system you are using. Could you describe it please? Things I would check for (in order) 1. The DNA you are running is viable (use a spectrophotometer) 2. The cathode and anode in your...

Molecular Biology: Genetics and hair texture, long wavy hair, incomplete dominance
long wavy hair, incomplete dominance, hair texture: Hair texture shows what is called the incomplete dominance method of inheritance. I am sure you are familiar with the multiple allelic form of inheritance. It is possible that your dad has one allele for straight, and one for curly (or African as you described...

Molecular Biology: Biology, structure, function
structure, function, enzymes: Hi Benjamin: Any protein with a pocket, where the pocket serves as a catalytic center, would fit as an example of where the molecular structure fits the function. Here are some examples: DNA/RNA polymerases (all of them) DNA/RNA/protein methylases...

Molecular Biology: Biology, rna splicing, flying birds
rna splicing, flying birds, humming birds: Hi Sachin: Yes, they are actually the phenomenon which remove the exons inside a precursor mRNA. They exist inside the DNA in order to increase coding diversity due to alternative splicing events. A good summary can be found here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/RNA_splicing....

Molecular Biology: human mouth disinfectant, immunity booster, boosting your immune system
Molecular Biology: human mouth disinfectant, immunity booster, boosting your immune system, iron constitution

Molecular Biology: human mouth disinfectant, cold flu virus spread prevention
cold flu virus spread prevention: Hi Rick: No, unfortunately there is NO way (currently) of inhibiting a virus from spreading over to you, once you come in direct contact with a sufficient amount of virus particles inside your oral cavity. These viruses are designed to efficiently infect...

Molecular Biology: molecular biology, oxidation of glucose, glucose molecule
oxidation of glucose, glucose molecule, glucose metabolism: Arun, as I pointed out before, you cannot give a specific time to these processes, since they depend on many other factors, like temperature, concentration of the individual components, activity state the cell is in, and others. The reaction time is not instant...

Molecular Biology: Sugarcane primers/ molecular markers., sugarcane Brazil sequencing markers complexity PCR
sugarcane Brazil sequencing markers complexity PCR: Hi Amit: Sugarcane is a highly complex organism, genetically. Most sugarcane cultivars use a recent interspecific hybrid obtained by crossing Saccharum officinarum and Saccharum spontaneum. Thus, the challenge of identifying important molecular markers...

Molecular Biology: biology, non-veg, veg
non-veg, veg, milk: Hi Arun: There is no real reason to not take non-vegetables like chicken at the same time with milk. The only reason might be truly Indian , and derived from the old dispute whether milk is considered part of a vegetarian diet or not. To me, milk is an animal...

Molecular Biology: biology, primitive bacteria, symbiotic organisms
primitive bacteria, symbiotic organisms, daughter cells: No, at least not yet. Mitochondria are like primitive bacteria / symbiotic organisms that have been picked up by eukaryotic cells long time ago throughout evolution. They have streamlined their genome and lost many genes towards the nucleus of the host cells....

Molecular Biology: centromere, chromosomal aberrations, centromeres
chromosomal aberrations, centromeres, random event: Neocentromeres are rare human chromosomal aberrations where a new centromere has formed in a previously non-centromeric location. The emergence of a new centromere on a chromosome that already contains an endogenous centromere is normally a highly deleterious...

Molecular Biology: gene, regulatory genes, regulator gene
regulatory genes, regulator gene, structure of the cell: Hi Zahra: This is easy to answer: Structural genes are genes that encode proteins which participate in the structure of the cell or outside. A regulatory gene produces proteins which are regulated differently during development of the organisms, external...

Molecular Biology: Plasmid degradation, qiagen columns, biology grade
qiagen columns, biology grade, phenol extraction: You are clearly getting DNase activity from somewhere. The supercoilded form of the plasmid (nice prep by-the-way) is getting linearized and degraded. Clear 100% sign of DNase contamination. When you leave your prep at room temperature or even 37 degrees,...

Molecular Biology: Acid Hydrolysis, peptide hydrolysis, biology olympiad
peptide hydrolysis, biology olympiad, acid hydrolysis: Dear Mohammad, Acid hydrolysis of a peptide (short protein sequence) breaks the peptide chain down into its single amino acid components. The amino acids you listed indicate that your peptide contained Lysine (K), Histidine (H), Aspartic Acid (D), Glutamic...

Molecular Biology: Acid Hydrolysis, biology olympiad, acid hydrolysis
biology olympiad, acid hydrolysis, dna and rna: What type of acid was used in this reaction? That will make a difference in the products you will get. Also I am not quite sure what you are looking for with the sugars, DNA and RNA. If you can forward me additional information as to something more specific...

Molecular Biology: Acid Hydrolysis, acid hydrolysis, chemical nomenclature
acid hydrolysis, chemical nomenclature, chemistry question: Dear Mohammad, This is more of an organic chemistry question. Below is a link to a several of typical o-chem reactions including chapter 17 (page 13, #2) which demonstrates what occurs chemically durring acid hydrolysis of an amide, chemically the same...

Molecular Biology: Acid Hydrolysis, applied biochemistry and biotechnology, acid hydrolysis
applied biochemistry and biotechnology, acid hydrolysis, hydrolysis of cellulose: Hello! I am unaware of a link that covers acid hydrolysis. However, there is an online paper titled Heterogeneous Aspects of Acid Hydrolysis of -Cellulose . It covers many of the topics you mentioned. The link is: http://www.nrel.gov/docs/gen/fy03/34484.pdf...

Molecular Biology: Anions and cations, physiological phenomena, anions and cations
physiological phenomena, anions and cations, essense: Your question involves scope which is too wide to be answered. However, in essense, when a salt (e.g. Sodium Choride) is dissolved in a solvent (e.g. H2O), anions and cations were formed and this makes a conductive solution. Being conductive in nature, many...

Molecular Biology: ATP in energy transfer, phosphate groups, adenosine triphosphate
phosphate groups, adenosine triphosphate, study chemistry: Hi, ATP stands for Adenosine Triphosphate. This means that there are three phosphate groups attached to adenosine. Each phosphatydic bond between the phosphate groups has huge amount of chemical potential energy (bond energy). When a reaction is coupled...

Molecular Biology: amino acids, acidic amino acids, hydrogen ion
acidic amino acids, hydrogen ion, protein structure: Hi Scott, Acidic amino acids give off hydrogen ion, and so end up being negatively charge. On the other hand, basic amino acids give off OH-, and so end up being positively charge. If you have these amino acids, then the final protein structure is likely...

Molecular Biology: anemia, red blood cells, jim gibbs
red blood cells, jim gibbs, cell losses: Hi Charlotte, There are several categories of blood dyscrasias called the anemias . Causes can implicate acute blood-cell losses or increased blood-cell destruction. In common lingo, some people call the anemic condition one of thin blood , and indeed...

Molecular Biology: antibacterial gels harmful to you?, crabtree evelyn, food and drug administration
crabtree evelyn, food and drug administration, poison center: Thank you for your question. Firstly, let me explain how these antibacterial gels (sanitizers) work. As you know our skin is covered by a layer of oil or sebum secreted by our skin. Most dirts (including bacteria, dust, etc) from the exterior are oil-soluble,...

Molecular Biology: antibacterial gels harmful to you?, crabtree evelyn, poison center
crabtree evelyn, poison center, antibacterial products: I do not know the contents of antibacterial hand gels but my assumption is they are similar to lotions. They would leave a residue that would not be harmful. Their point is don t eat it :). As an aside, ultimately, they will be harmful because by sterilizing...

Molecular Biology: antibacterial gels harmful to you?, crabtree evelyn, poison center
crabtree evelyn, poison center, volatile component: Hi Jeff, Without having the exact formula of the product, I could not produce a good answer to your question. However, it is often true that some products of this kind will carry one or more volatile component(s) to kill germs. While applied to skin and rubbed,...

Molecular Biology: Bacteria growth in food, beef cubes, bacterial colonies
beef cubes, bacterial colonies, ap biology: Gina, That sounds like a pretty interesting experiment. But it is hard to draw conclusions or to really help you without more information. If you want to send me a little more detail on what you did, how you did it and what you saw, I can try to help...

Molecular Biology: Bacteria, soil biology, soil environment
soil biology, soil environment, sqi: I actually don t have much knowledge of soil protozoan. I checked on the net, here are few websites with information on that matter: http://www.cbv.ns.ca/MCHS/diversity/ProtozoansPage1.html http://soils.usda.gov/sqi/concepts/soil_biology/protozoa.html...

Molecular Biology: Bear Hibernation (and their bacteria!!), bear hibernation, urease activity
bear hibernation, urease activity, gut microflora: Hello, you re right to ask for theories... because right know it doesn t seem that anybody has a straight answer to that question. Indeed bears are able to recycle their urea but the mechanism is not clear. The most probable way is, as you mentioned, the...

Molecular Biology: BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE, jeff buzby, double helical structure
jeff buzby, double helical structure, doctoral research project: Dear Kiran: I suspect that your advanced training in biotechnology should already provide you with an advantage over most Ph.D. applicants in answering molecular biology-related questions. You should probably focus on preparing answers to the more generic...

Molecular Biology: BIOLOGY HELP!!, biology help, dna sequences
biology help, dna sequences, melanie: Melanie, In general terms, taxonomists compare a series of traits that are either shared or not shared between various species. If, for example, you are looking at 10 different characteristics, and you see that soecies A shares 9 of the 10 with species...

Molecular Biology: Biology, helix shape, double helix
helix shape, double helix, nucleotide: Shazi, Remember Cargaff s rules: A=T and C=G because those bases bond to each other (A bonds to T and C bonds to G) across the helix through base paring. So, given one strand of DNA, you should be able to easily figure out the other by applying those rules....

Molecular Biology: Biology, protein subunits, dna strands
protein subunits, dna strands, dna replication: Shazi, Sorry, I cannot help with this question. I have never heard of those terms before. I guess that they are something your teacher only uses. The enzyme that binds to single stranded DNA to keep it from coming back together is called single-stranded...

Molecular Biology: Biology, producers in the food chain, kingdom of fungi
producers in the food chain, kingdom of fungi, kingdom fungi: 1) Photosynthetic organism (principally plant) are the producers in the food chain. The plant-eating animals are the primary consumer and animal-eating animals are the secondary and higher consumers. And completely at the end, recycling all the matter produced,...

Molecular Biology: Biology/Chemistry(?), atmospheric gases, rivers and streams
atmospheric gases, rivers and streams, geologic sources: ...oxygen sensor...? It is good that you are beginning to perceive the role of molecules and atoms in the regards to the structure and function of living things. The average citizen is generally oblivious to these energy-events of the sub-visible universe....

Molecular Biology: Biology Class, heavy menstrual bleeding, water intoxication
heavy menstrual bleeding, water intoxication, gut bacteria: 1.Any multivitamins are always advisable to take after meal as these are supplimentry food help in immune system and disease control mechanism of body and most of vitamin works with other nutrients which we get from meal,so to get them in best actions it is...

Molecular Biology: Biology, electron transport system, plant and animal cells
electron transport system, plant and animal cells, hydrogen ions: Shazi, I don t generally answer homework questions like this, but I will try to lead you to your own answer. Think about the purpose of the mitochondrion. Is it to make glucose or to make energy? An even better way of looking at it is this: the question...

Molecular Biology: Blocking, bovine serum albumin, antigen presenting cells
bovine serum albumin, antigen presenting cells, plasma proteins: Blocking in general prevents nonspecific binding of antibodies such that you do not have a high background level of staining that could make results difficult to interpret or give you false positives. I believe your confusion comes from the fact that both...

Molecular Biology: Blood Type, punett squares, blood type
punett squares, blood type, type o: Roy, Remember that to have blood type A, you could have either genotype AA or Ai. To have B blood type, you can have either genotype BB or Bi. And to have O blood type, you have to have genotype ii. Now, just do the Punett squares for the possible...

Molecular Biology: Body made of water, organic molecules, colligative properties
organic molecules, colligative properties, cold weather: Hello Neal, That is a perfectly normal question, and I would definitely be very confused about it. OK. Our bodies are made up of around 70% water, and your reasoning is correct. But don t forget the blood and the lymph! So why don t we freeze to death?...

Molecular Biology: Body temp, involuntary muscle contractions, core body temperature
involuntary muscle contractions, core body temperature, dear sally: Dear Sally, Through homeostasis our core body temperature is kept amazingly constant, the normal range among people being 37 C to 36 C (36 C being the extreem low-end of the population). Most people at 36 C begin to shiver, which as you said is your body...

Molecular Biology: BRCA 1 and BRCA 2 research, brca1 and brca2, breast cancers
brca1 and brca2, breast cancers, dna repair: BRCA1 and BRCA2 are related with DNA repair. Any mutation in any of these two can lead to Cancer. But its not necessary that if there is no mutation in these two, it means a person can not have ovarian or breast cancer. Any mutation or radiation efect in any...

Molecular Biology: Brain Chemicals & Time Perception, brain cortex, molecular cell biology
brain cortex, molecular cell biology, human metabolism: Hi Edward! Pardon me for late reply. I m obliged that you considered me worthwhile to ask a question. But as you have guessed right, my field of expertise is Molecular Cell Biology and my knowledge of neurobiology is a bit limited. I discussed your question...

Molecular Biology: Building cholesterol, other molecules, jeff buzby, molecular synthesis
jeff buzby, molecular synthesis, biosynthetic enzymes: Hi Amber, Cholesterol & other biological macromolecules of this sort are synthesized from simpler precursor substrates by a series of biochemical reactions, as diagrammed on the following Molecular Pathways of Biochemistry webpage from George Washington...

Molecular Biology: bacteria question, domestic water filtration, water filtration systems
domestic water filtration, water filtration systems, bacteria: Dear Lance what filteration assembly actually do: 1.it filter your water for presence of bacteria and other ions, Some purifier also use ozone and other means to kill present bacteria. But thing is there is no antibiotic in your water,so obviously bacteria...

Molecular Biology: bacterial growth on agar plates, deg c, incubater
deg c, incubater, 4degrees: Store at 4 deg. C will almost stop growth of the bacteria, and, very likely, they are remain viable. So, when you put the plate back to a optimal temperature, say 37 deg. C, the bacteria will grow again. If you keep plate at 4 deg. C before 37 deg. C incubation,...

Molecular Biology: basic molecular biosciences, obligate intracellular pathogen, bacterial chromosomes
obligate intracellular pathogen, bacterial chromosomes, mycoplasma genitalium: Dear Duke, The size of Bacterial chromosomes ranges from 0.6 Mbp to over 10 Mbp, the smallest Bacterial genome identified thus far is from Mycoplasma genitalium, an obligate intracellular pathogen with a genome size of 0.58 Mbp and the size of Archael...

Molecular Biology: beta spectrin, molecular cell biology, university level textbooks
molecular cell biology, university level textbooks, molecular biology of the cell: Dear Cassie, Since you seem to be familiar w/ sifting through Search results, I m going to refer you to another resource to Search for basic biological info.: the Nat l. Center for Biotech. Info. Bookshelf ( http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=Books...

Molecular Biology: beta spectrin, integral membrane proteins, molecular cell biology
integral membrane proteins, molecular cell biology, types of proteins: Hi Cassie, Spectrin proteins are a new subject to me as well. Spectrin proteins are a category of ACTIN CROSS-LINKING PROTEINS . Lodish et al. [4th edition of Molecular Cell Biology], , provides a list of 13 of these including the Spectrin group...

Molecular Biology: beta spectrin, university in england, manchester university
university in england, manchester university, structure and function: Hi Cassie, Try searching Google or another site for just spectrin . You ll get a lot of hits for alpha spectrin , but it is related to beta spectrin (they dimerize with each other). You might start with: http://sdb.bio.purdue.edu/fly/cytoskel/spectrn1.htm...

Molecular Biology: biochemisry, difference spectrum, univ of surrey
difference spectrum, univ of surrey, cytochrome p 450: Dear Sridhar: As explained in the following thesis appendix from the Univ. of Surrey, A large number of reagents and enzymes react with cytochrome P-450 to produce a related but biologically inert hemoprotein termed cytochrome P-420 . This hemoprotein...

Molecular Biology: biolgoy, jim gibbs, hometown aol
jim gibbs, hometown aol, dormant phase: Hi Kumar, The VIRUSES are not classified as either. The terms prokaryotic and eukaryotic refer to cellular organisms. Viruses are considerably smaller than cellular life-forms and they can sometimes exist in a crystalline-like dormant phase-state;...and...

Molecular Biology: biological anthropology, biological anthropology, hometown aol
biological anthropology, hometown aol, type mother: Hi Roy, A table of parental matings and possible F-1 offspring is as follows: PARENTS _________CHILDREN M + M _____________ M only M + N _____________ MN only M + MN _________ M and/or MN N + N _____________ N only N + MN ____________...

Molecular Biology: biological death programs, death instinct, ucalgary ca
death instinct, ucalgary ca, biology pages: Dear Marianne, I can provide you with a few online resources describing some of the basics of apoptosis/programmed cell death (PCD). The 1st is the section on Apoptosis from Kimball s Biology Pages Online ( http://users.rcn.com/jkimball.ma.ultranet/BiologyPages/A/Apoptosis.html...

Molecular Biology: biological term, cytosol cytoplasm, cytoskeleton of the cell
cytosol cytoplasm, cytoskeleton of the cell, intermediate filaments: For the second question- half-life is the right answer. For the first question: oraganelles are surrounded by phospholipid membrane like that covering the entire cell.But.. if you are taking about the protiens (microfilaments) embedded in the cytosol (cytoplasm)...

Molecular Biology: biological vs. engineering comparison, combustion reaction, reactants
combustion reaction, reactants, methane: In both systems a combustion reaction is taking place: for example (biological) Fat + O2--- CO2 + H2O + HEAT for example (engineer) CH4 (methane) + O2--- CO2 + H2O + HEAT In both the same reaction is taking place to creat heat yet the reactants...

Molecular Biology: biology, jeff buzby, phosphate backbone
jeff buzby, phosphate backbone, nucleic acids: Dear Nicki, Any molecular labeling with radioisotopes requires replacement of an existing atomic component of that molecule. Phosphorous-32 can be incorporated into the phosphate backbone of nucleic acids, whereas amino acids do not contain any phosphorous....

Molecular Biology: biology, photosynthesis and cellular respiration, actin and myosin
photosynthesis and cellular respiration, actin and myosin, pentose sugar: Adenosine 5 -triphosphate (ATP), discovered in 1929 by Karl Lohmann,[1] is a multifunctional nucleotide primarily known in biochemistry as the molecular currency of intracellular energy transfer. In this role ATP transports chemical energy within cells....

Molecular Biology: biology, glucose test strips, cornsyrup
glucose test strips, cornsyrup, sugar molecules: Wow, good experiment! The first thing you need to remember is that all good experiments have controls. For this experiment, your controls should be eggs that have not been soaked in anything. But you also might want to soak an egg in water without any...

Molecular Biology: biology, jeff buzby, meiosis and mitosis
jeff buzby, meiosis and mitosis, germ cells: Dear Merry: The most succinct definition that I could find for you is in the following chapter on Germ Cells and Fertilization from the online textbook, Molecular Biology of the Cell @ NCBI, which states: In most animals a useful distinction can...

Molecular Biology: biology, elementary biochemistry, evolutionary scenarios
elementary biochemistry, evolutionary scenarios, precise aspects: Hi Liza, In spite of an historical antithesis between Gideonesque Creationism and Darwinian Evolutionary Theory,....I do not see any of this as a Contest requiring Evidence . It is, however, a sub-visible and elusive to measure natural action which...

Molecular Biology: biology, binary fission, virus particles
binary fission, virus particles, homework questions: Hi Mona, I don t generally do homework questions, which this appears to be. However, I will try to help you figure out the answer for yourself. 1. Let me ask you this - how many bases of RNA are required to define one amino acid during translation?...

Molecular Biology: biology, color blindness, x chromosome
color blindness, x chromosome, restriction enzyme: Emilio, I don t generally answer homework questions, but I will try to help. The first question, all you need to do is look down the sequence you provided for TTAA. According to the question, the restriction enzyme will cut after the TTAA. Remember...

Molecular Biology: biology, familial fatal insomnia, rna polymerase
familial fatal insomnia, rna polymerase, dna polymerase: 1)These sequences of mRNA donot code for specific amino acids in a protein and are removed. POLY A TAILS 2) These sequences of mRNA donot code for amino acids but are seperated by noncoding regions.INTRON 3) These long strings of nucleic acids are added...

Molecular Biology: biology, open book test, liver cells
open book test, liver cells, critical protein: Dear Ami, Thank you for giving me a set of good questions. My answers, though may not be necessarily correct, are summaried as below: Q1. (D) - Conversion of sugar to energetic molecules, e.g. ATP, involves proteins which are enzymes encoded by genetic information....

Molecular Biology: biology, electron configuration, ionic bond
electron configuration, ionic bond, anion: To a certain extent you are right. Let me explain it in more detail using Na as an example. The electron configuration of Na element is 2-8-1 (check the periodic table if you don t know what is it). Na element with this configuration is unstable in nature....

Molecular Biology: biology lab, e coli bacteria, dna inserts
e coli bacteria, dna inserts, plasmid vectors: Dear Sarah, The results of your experiment are a little surprising, but perhaps not so much if we consider the properties of typical laboratory E.coli strains. Ca+2-mediated DNA uptake generally occurs @ a fairly high frequency for most E.coli strains....

Molecular Biology: biology question, jim gibbs, hypothetical scenarios
jim gibbs, hypothetical scenarios, amino acids: Hi Sarah, Sorry to sound like a Star-Trek Vulcan here Sarah, but your question is not logical according to the physics of our Universe. There is no numerology for these energy-events defined by natural law,... so I cannot provied any other reasonable...

Molecular Biology: biology, dna double helix, rna nucleotides
dna double helix, rna nucleotides, rna molecule: Dear Alec, In general, in a eukaryote: 1. The DNA double helix uncoils and the two strands separate. 2. Free RNA nucleotides are assembled using ONE of the two DNA strands as the template (the leading strand). So the RNA molecule is formed in a 5 ...

Molecular Biology: biotech crops, antifreeze gene, phd in chemistry
antifreeze gene, phd in chemistry, biotech crops: Edward, Good question. You are absolutely right, traditional selective breeding of crop plants and animals is essentially the same as most modern biotech manipulation, but less exact and slower. There are some exceptions, however. For example, the addition...

Molecular Biology: is the body made of salt water or just water, soluble proteins, culture museum
soluble proteins, culture museum, solutes: The body is full of dissolved solutes which include salt in the ionic form (which is what happens when you dissolve salt in water). Several water soluble proteins and other small molecules are also dissolved in bodily fluids. The composition of the salts in...

Molecular Biology: Catalase Competitive Inhibitor, sodium azide, www pubmed
sodium azide, www pubmed, national institutes of health: Sodium Azide is another inhibitor of catalase. Ammonia is another small molecule that inhibits catalase function. If you need more information on the details of catalase inhibition, try searching the Pub Med at the National Institutes of Health: www.pubmed.gov...

Molecular Biology: Cations and Anions, cations and anions, anions and cations
cations and anions, anions and cations, salt nacl: Cations are postively charged ions, and anions are negatively charged ions. A simple example of a cation and anion is table salt, NaCl or sodium chloride. Cations and anions are important in biology (in VERY basic terms) because they nuetralize charges, stabilizing...

Molecular Biology: Cell Biology, osmosis and diffusion, google search
osmosis and diffusion, google search, salt concentration: Hi Jenny, 1) A high concentration of salt will kill any plant that is not adapted to deal with a high concentration of salt in the soil. 2) When injecting into the blood stream you are right that the osmolarity of the solution needs to be the same...

Molecular Biology: Cell culturing, mammalian cell cultures, fetal bovine serum
mammalian cell cultures, fetal bovine serum, trypsin inhibitors: HI will, its a very simple question the reason is the presence of trypsin inhibitors in the serum,but as for this you have to use serum without inactivation now a days people are changing serum with direct trypsin inhibitors every dance have audience,and...

Molecular Biology: Circularized ss cDNA, weill medical college of cornell university, weill medical college
weill medical college of cornell university, weill medical college, whole genome amplification: Hi, The best way I could think of was to run a gel! In the process of B cell class switching looped out regions of circular DNA are produced, in one paper (referenced below) they use a probe that recognizes the recombined region. That method may work...

Molecular Biology: Cloning, electroporation cuvette, cuvettes
electroporation cuvette, cuvettes, tryptone: Are you using electroporation for transfection? If so, there are a couple things you can do to try to get your culture going (this is all assuming that the protein you are expressing isn t killing the bacteria or over expressing in such a way as to slow growth)......

Molecular Biology: Cloning, cloning and genetic engineering, ethics and morality
cloning and genetic engineering, ethics and morality, test tube babies: The difference between cloning and genetic engineering is that the latter technology is used to treat people who are not born yet, humans at and early stage of development (like a zygote- single cell stage), or adult humans at gene level. On the other hand...

Molecular Biology: Cloning, puc19 plasmid, dh5 alpha
puc19 plasmid, dh5 alpha, vector system: It is possible that this band is your plasmid - if it is super coiled it could be running faster than expected. My experience with super coiled plasmids is that you will see two bands very close together. To double check that this is your plasmid of interest...

Molecular Biology: Cloning Genes, cloning genes, milk secretion
cloning genes, milk secretion, quantitative test: Hi Maria, Genes relaed with high milk are not one they are many,now thing is this what may be reason of high yield,for this there is not only need of quantitative test but also qualitative tests of milk,may be reason of milk secretion is because of better...

Molecular Biology: Cloning, nucleus of a cell, homework question
nucleus of a cell, homework question, human clone: Hi Eric, This sounds a lot like a homework question, buut since you have asked me to help you understand (which is different than giving you the answer), I ll see what I can do. All 3 questions can be answered by thinking about where in the cell genetic...

Molecular Biology: Clostridium, clostridium acetobutylicum, clostridium bacteria
clostridium acetobutylicum, clostridium bacteria, butyl alcohol: Well, the question is not precise enough: first of all the Clostridium have the regular waste products of metabolism like CO2... There are though in some cases some uncommon pathway due to the adaption of the strain to an environment. For example: By...

Molecular Biology: Comparative Biochemistry, comparative biochemistry, electron carrier
comparative biochemistry, electron carrier, hi matthew: Hi Matthew, Well, comparative biochemistry allows one to tell the amount of similarities and differences a species has with another. So you basically look for the proportion of similarities in biochemistry (like the electron carrier chain of mitochondria,...

Molecular Biology: Complement system, complement system, body cells
complement system, body cells, self body: Sorry took so long- was researching your question. I haven t actually taken this couse yet- immunology is not taught in molecular bio. As people age to complement system decreases in effectiveness in these ways: 1. decreased responsiveness (cell mediated...

Molecular Biology: calculation of solution concentration, solution concentration, concentration of solutions
solution concentration, concentration of solutions, concentration of solution: Good day! Firstly, you have to be clear that 10X and 10% show the concentrations of solutions. They are almost the same. 10X is usually used to describe the concentration of solutions prepared from recipes (more than one substrates in the solution), for instance...

Molecular Biology: career advice, american heart assoc, health science research
american heart assoc, health science research, american cancer society: Dear Samantha, Based on your interest in guiding science policy, it occurred to me that you might want to look into opportunities @ the N.I.H., the ultimate director of U.S. health science policy. Whether or not you would need to go though postdoctoral...

Molecular Biology: catalase, decomposition of hydrogen peroxide, water hydrogen
decomposition of hydrogen peroxide, water hydrogen, catalase test: Catalase is a common enzyme found in living organisms. Its functions include catalyzing the decomposition of hydrogen peroxide to water and oxygen. Catalase has one of the highest turnover rates for all enzymes; one molecule of catalase can convert 83,000...

Molecular Biology: cell junctions, cell junctions, intercellular spaces
cell junctions, intercellular spaces, viral infections: Dear Carol, Cell junctions prevent foreign pathogens (like bacteria or virus) from entering the intercellular spaces. Also, if an infection is already present, then the cell junctions may contain the infection in a local area, rather than allowing it to...

Molecular Biology: cell size, comlex, golgi apparatus
comlex, golgi apparatus, micrometers: Dear Rich, Your calculations are correct. In fact the golgi comlex is subcellular orgenelle so it is much smaller than cell. you should convert its size (0.0028) into centimeters and then draw it with in cell. If you want to build a separate model of each...

Molecular Biology: cell, dna methylation, regulation of gene expression
dna methylation, regulation of gene expression, cell specialization: 1-Which part of the cell is responsible for cell specialization? During development certain genes are turned on or off in a cell, the sum of which can cause a cell to become specialized or become part of a specific cell lineage. Very early on in the life...

Molecular Biology: How cells make ATP, electron transport chain, limiting reagent
electron transport chain, limiting reagent, ethyl alcohol: Hmm this is difficult... I think that the answer is [c] (I feel about 70% certain) pyruvate is the end product of glycolysis/ and as such the final electron acceptor in fermentation. Pyruvate produces lactate, and ethyl alcohol- this is the end of the process...

Molecular Biology: cells, hemocytometer, accurate count
hemocytometer, accurate count, ethanol: Using a hemocytometer is the best way to determine cells/volume. Here is a link to the literature I use to teach my students how to count cells. http://www.ruf.rice.edu/~bioslabs/methods/microscopy/cellcounting.html In addition, to make sure that...

Molecular Biology: cellular respiration and fermentation, electron transport chain, cellular respiration and fermentation
electron transport chain, cellular respiration and fermentation, krebs cycle: Hi Sarah, The question you have asked is requires integrating all the information you have read together. The quick answer is that fermentation is faster. The long answer follows. First of all, lets get down to the basics. When you are doing execise,...

Molecular Biology: chromosome mapping, chromosome mapping, chromosome number
chromosome mapping, chromosome number, dark bands: Dear Tilda Each chromosome view gives the total number of genes that have been mapped to that chromosome and identifies the specific region of the chromosome displayed in the view. For the location 6p21.1, 6 is the chromosome number, p indicates the short...

Molecular Biology: cience, professional development course, cell anemia
professional development course, cell anemia, biology teachers: Dear Monzer Saleh, This question is out of my area of expertise. Here is an excellent website that will give you a comprehensive overview of Sickle cell Anemia, the 4 associated types of the disease and links to available treatments. http://www.sicklecelldisease.org/about_scd/...

Molecular Biology: cloning and overexpression, molecular biology lab, jeff buzby
molecular biology lab, jeff buzby, dna cloning: Dear Asma: The following website on Methods in Genetic Sequencing, DNA Analysis, & Gene Cloning is 1 of the best basic, yet detailed, explanations of DNA cloning that I ve found: http://www.geocities.com/SiliconValley/5504/biochem.html For descriptions...

Molecular Biology: cloning, jeff buzby, biology genetics
jeff buzby, biology genetics, human clone: Dear Eric: Please note that the Instructions for Questioners state: This is not a service for answering take-home exams or problem sets. These questions will be answered only in general terms and/or referred to a resource containing the relevant information....

Molecular Biology: codon usage biase, codon bias, plant virus
codon bias, plant virus, gene expression: Dear reihaneh, in addition to ENC value, you can attempt to calculate codon adaptation Index and Relative Synonomous codon usage to measure the actual codon bias pertaining to gene expression.These utilities could be found in EMBOSS software. In addition...

Molecular Biology: coiled coil, hydrophilic amino acids, alpha helices
hydrophilic amino acids, alpha helices, side chains: A coiled coil is a structural motif found in many proteins. It consists of 2-5 alpha-helices that are coiled together like the strands of a rope. Dimers and trimers are the most common ones. Coiled coils usually contain a repeated seven residue pattern called...

Molecular Biology: corrected question for Plasma membrane, endoplasmic recticulum, plasma membrane
endoplasmic recticulum, plasma membrane, extracellular environment: Hello again, I ve already answered the question on transporting materials across the semi-permeably membrane. So I won t do that again. Packaging: When a material made within the cell needs to be transported out of the cell (such as hormones), then they...

Molecular Biology: creation of milk, uoguelph ca, jeff buzby
uoguelph ca, jeff buzby, univ of guelph: Dear SMR: The complete details of all the biosynthetic pathways that contribute to milk production would probably be overwhelming. However, the following website describing Dairy Science & Technology from the Univ. of Guelph, Ontario provides a nice...

Molecular Biology: cyanobacteria, kinds of bacteria, hometown aol
kinds of bacteria, hometown aol, textbook of microbiology: Hi Amanda, Cyanobacteria have chlorophyll a , the same as plants and algae. This means that this category of microbe is able to use sun-light to drive energy reactions. Other bacteria lack this ability. Visit Jeff Todar s Online Textbook of Microbiology...

Molecular Biology: cytosine - the most mutable base in the human genome, vertebrate dna, spontaneous mutations
vertebrate dna, spontaneous mutations, dna chain: Dear Philip: As described in the section on DNA Methylation from the online textbook, The Cell: A Molecular Approach, vertebrate DNA is methylated specifically at the C s that precede G s in the DNA chain (CpG dinucleotides) ( http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/bv.fcgi?tool=bookshelf&call=bv.View..ShowSection&searchterm=CpG&rid=cooper.section.991#1014...

Molecular Biology: Biochemical composition of semen, sperm cells, composition of semen
sperm cells, composition of semen, biochemical composition: The seminal fluid contains primarily water and disolved salts. It also contains proteins which act as lubricants and help protect the sperm cells. As for macromolecules, the fluid contains really only protein, without any carbohydrates, fats or nucleic acids....

Molecular Biology: Dendritic cells, dendritic cells, knock out mice
dendritic cells, knock out mice, transgenics: What phenotype are you looking for? I would start at the Jackson website, they give wonderful details about all of their animal strains. In general macrophages/monocytes express many of the same molecules as DCs so it will be difficult to find a strain that...

Molecular Biology: Developmental biology, developmental biologist, developmental biology
developmental biologist, developmental biology, mathsci: Hello, I am not a developmental biologist but here are some websites that talk about grey crescents during development. http://www2.gsu.edu/~bioslp/Biol2108/Development.htm http://worms.zoology.wisc.edu/frogs/fert/subcortrot/fert_subcortrot.html#Xenopus...

Molecular Biology: Dialysis, jeff buzby, white blood cells
jeff buzby, white blood cells, red and white blood cells: Dear Fiza: Your question isn t really in my field of Molecular Biology expertise. Nevertheless, I found the following general explanation from the Nat l. Kidney Fndn. s website ( http://www.kidney.org/general/atoz/content/hemodialysis.html ): The...

Molecular Biology: Dialysis, white blood cells, kidney failure
white blood cells, kidney failure, red and white blood cells: Fiza, Dialysis is actually the process of removing waste products from the blood of a patient, not really removing the blood itself. However, blood id temporarily removed from the patient, filtered and returned in an ongoing, flowing process. Dialysis...

Molecular Biology: Divine Proportion, protons and electrons, ohm resistors
protons and electrons, ohm resistors, h e huntley: This is a very interesting question. The Divine Proportion is often called PHI . A great book about this mathematical constant is The Divine Proportion by H.E. Huntley (mail order from DOVER publications). I do not know of any paradigmation power...

Molecular Biology: DNA, dna content, chromosomal dna
dna content, chromosomal dna, protein binding: Hi, Telomerase Reverse Transcriptase lsomerase is responsible for telomere replication composed of at least two components namely, Telomerase Reverse Transcriptase units and Telomerase RNA, This enzyme functions synonomous like reverse transcriptase, this...

Molecular Biology: DNA, recombinant dna technology, what is recombinant dna technology
recombinant dna technology, what is recombinant dna technology, what is recombinant dna: Dear, The technique by which genetic material from one organism is inserted into a foreign cell in order to mass produce the protein encoded by the inserted genes is called recombinant DNA technology. Recombinant DNA is a form of artificial DNA which is...

Molecular Biology: DNA Computer, binary pairs, dna enzyme
binary pairs, dna enzyme, dna computer: Hello, I want to request more information from you about question. It interested me and I wish to you where did you get the table alike. It appeared to me make not much sense about the conversion based on the suggested DNA code and binary pairs. Andre...

Molecular Biology: DNA Computer, dna computer, genetic instructions
dna computer, genetic instructions, genetic code: dear shivashankar, refer this following url for genetic code, I dont have much expertise in electronics, but i think genetic code might be synonomously pronounced with logical gates. http://www.evolvingcode.net/index.php?page=Beginner_Introduction_to_the_Genetic_Cod...

Molecular Biology: DNA-ethidium bromide complex, jeff buzby, uv wavelength
jeff buzby, uv wavelength, uv wavelengths: Dear Carri, Ethidium bromide can definitely cause nicking of the DNA in which it is interchalated when exposed to light. The nicking reaction is promoted by shorter UV wavelengths, increased light intensity, & increased exposure time, but the foremost...

Molecular Biology: DNA extraction using Salting out technique, jeff buzby, phosphate backbone
jeff buzby, phosphate backbone, protein solubility: Dear Philip: Although protein solubility depends upon the particular amino acid side chains that are exposed on their surfaces that are in contact with an aqueous environment, proteins are generally considerably more hydrophobic than DNA. The uniform...

Molecular Biology: DNA Molecule, dna molecule, linear dna
dna molecule, linear dna, supercoiling: Teck, sorry for late reply,but you asked a question which i used to answered to lot of my students and juniors when they start there mol bio classes with me,its interesting question and need a demostration,i am sending you a good link of paper to read all...

Molecular Biology: DNA replication, dna polymerase, dna replication
dna polymerase, dna replication, dna chain: The free 3 -OH is on the nucleotide that is part of the growing strand (already attached) as the DNA is synthesized in the five prime to three prime direction. All known DNA polymerase activities polymerize DNA in 5 to 3 direction, since free 3 -OH group...

Molecular Biology: DNA replication, dna replication, dna strands
dna replication, dna strands, dna strand: Good day Jackie. When the incorrect bases were in corporated into the DNA strands during replication the polymerase will first sense that the wrong base(s) was inserted into the DNA strand. Then, the polymerase will remove the incorrect bases and re-incorporate...

Molecular Biology: DNA storage, dna storage, enzymatic activity
dna storage, enzymatic activity, water solution: The major enemy of DNA is the nuclease enzymes which will turn DNA into pieces. Unfortunately, nuclease is a common contaminant in our environment. If you are sure that water/solution is free from nuclease(s), then DNA can be very stable. By storing DNA at...

Molecular Biology: DNA storage, jeff buzby, school science teachers
jeff buzby, school science teachers, dna storage: Dear Philip: As described in the following Molecular Genetics lecture notes on Spontaneous Damage to DNA from Okla. St. Univ., DNA is uniquely sensitive to depurination under acidic conditions ( http://opbs.okstate.edu/~melcher/MG/MGW3/MG3121.html )....

Molecular Biology: DNA structures, jeff buzby, nucleic acid structure
jeff buzby, nucleic acid structure, christian de duve: Dear Sheng: The notations, 5 & 3 , are abbreviations for the terms, 5 prime & 3 prime. They refer to the positions on the deoxyribosyl sugar portions of each nucleotide that form the phosphodiester linkages in polymeric DNA. I m not familiar with the...

Molecular Biology: DNA, dna molecules, secretion
dna molecules, secretion, decomposition: hi, yes some DNA particles remain from person that dies. And even after decomposition of the body of the person, Dna still remain and cannot be degraded by any environmental/Natural factor. much research is currently going on the DNA particles of the persons...

Molecular Biology: Doubts about lyophilization, lyophilizer, vacuum pump
lyophilizer, vacuum pump, lyophilization: Dear Jason Lyophilization, also called freeze-drying, is a method of drying that significantly reduces damges to sample. Because lyophilization is the most complex and expensive form of drying, its use is usually restricted to delicate, heat-sensitive materials...

Molecular Biology: Drug sensitivity, molecule drugs, freeze thaw
molecule drugs, freeze thaw, drug sensitivity: As a general rule most large molecule drugs are reduced in potency by repeated freeze-thaw cycles. The best way to handle these drugs is to aliquot what you will need for a single experiment as soon as you receive the drugs and store them only removing and...

Molecular Biology: density of brain, medical journal pediatrics, jeff buzby
medical journal pediatrics, jeff buzby, cubic centimeter: Dear Elham: The only numerical value that I could find for this measurement is from the following, 2002 article in the well-respected medical journal, Pediatrics : http://www.careperinatologia.it/news/lavori/neonatologia/noninvasive.html It quotes...

Molecular Biology: dialysis, dialysis tubing, amino acids
dialysis tubing, amino acids, aminoacids: Dear Hamza Salt are usually less then 50 daltan molecules while sugars and aminoacids comes of size about 120 Dalton, so any dialysis tubing which is less then 50 dalton can solve the problem. but such tubings are not available and another thing process...

Molecular Biology: about dialysis, chamber composition, water molecules
chamber composition, water molecules, centrifuge: Dear Ateeb, In dialysis molecule moves from their higher concentration to lower concentration and molecular cutoff is the barrier of molecules bigger then some size. As far as water is considered, why you want to remove it from blood its difficult for me...

Molecular Biology: dna, dna hybridisation, dna hybridization
dna hybridisation, dna hybridization, southern hybridization: See molecular level studies need some impression about presennce and absence of genes and also expression 1.Presence of global regulatory genes are known now,but by which technique all this we come to know is Southern hybridization(that is DNA/DNA hybridization)...

Molecular Biology: dna replication, alpha delta epsilon, dna polymerases
alpha delta epsilon, dna polymerases, prokaryotic dna: Dear brenda, Dna polymerases classification as follows:- Based on sequence homology, DNA polymerases can be further subdivided into seven different families A, B, C, D, X, Y, and RT. Family A polymerases contain both replicative and repair polymerases....

Molecular Biology: how dna sequence converted into binary code, cytocine, dna sequence
cytocine, dna sequence, strecth: Hello, DNA consists of four building blocks in specific sequence, they are adenine (A), thymine (T), cytocine (C) and guanine (G). It is not decoded into binary code as what you think; aacctggt is actually the sequence of DNA, where it implies this strecth...

Molecular Biology: dna technology, human liver cells, mrna molecules
human liver cells, mrna molecules, cdna library: As the biochemist is aware of the sequence information. she can develop a sequence based molecular probe, and she can identify the mrna coded by the gene of interest by hybridization technique, and she can employ reverse transcription on the identified mrna...

Molecular Biology: dna, homo sapiens neanderthalensis, homo sapiens idaltu
homo sapiens neanderthalensis, homo sapiens idaltu, dna gene: Hi Sandy, ..is it possible for two non-related people to share the same dna make-up, and if so what would they look like.. About BIOFORMS, BIOSYSTEMS, GENES and PROTEINS. Technically, two non-related people is complex. And, if you are thinking...

Molecular Biology: E. Coli, lb agar, degree celsius
lb agar, degree celsius, optimum condition: Hi, E. coli is a pretty easy bacteria to grow, for the common strain at least. If you have an auxotrophic strain (strain presenting special needs like for aminoacids or vitamins) you need to check the genetic background of the strain. For a regular E....

Molecular Biology: E. coli., lab cultures, nuetral ph
lab cultures, nuetral ph, large intestine: Dear Adrian Most microorganisms have approximately a neutral pH optimum (pH 6-7.5) and E. coli is the same. Our lab cultures are typically kept at a nuetral pH (slightly acidic is ok). These conditions may vary with special strains of e.coli or with...

Molecular Biology: E-coli, blood agar, fecal contamination
blood agar, fecal contamination, knbc: Hi Sara, E. coli will certainly be alive with refrigeration, and possibly dividing slowly though living conditions for the bacteria are not optimal. Very careful washing of individual leaves will help to minimize the chance of becoming sick, just as with...

Molecular Biology: E.coli growth, andrew leung, similiar situation
andrew leung, similiar situation, cdna library: Hi Marike,I think I have encountered a similiar situation before and I believe that it may have many possible causes. One possibility could be attributed to the clone s intrisic stability. Plasmids carried in these unstable clones could gradually lost or only...

Molecular Biology: E. coli., neutral conditions, optimum ph
neutral conditions, optimum ph, ph level: I think this link is good reference to read: http://textbookofbacteriology.net/nutgro.html See table 8. Optimum pH for E.coli is suggested to be at pH6-7. It is somewhere around neutral, but tends to be slightly acidic. Why? I think it is the in born physiology...

Molecular Biology: Enzymes, lactate dehydrogenase, amine group
lactate dehydrogenase, amine group, information thanks: Brad, Enzymes are named based on what they do, so it s usually not hard to figure them out. Malate dehydrogenase catalyzes the conversion of malate to oxaloacetate in the presence of NAD. Lactate dehydrogenase catalyzes the conversion of lactate to...

Molecular Biology: Enzymes ARK versus HSD, catalytic triad, enzyme family
catalytic triad, enzyme family, akr: An enzyme family does not necessarily refer to the product of that enzyme, but in this case the structure of the protien itself. Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenases belong to a Reductase/Hydrogenase super family that is based on the structure of a Y-X-X-K motif...

Molecular Biology: Enzymes, lactate dehydrogenase, crc handbook of chemistry
lactate dehydrogenase, crc handbook of chemistry, crc handbook of chemistry and physics: Hi Brad, It can take a while to learn some of the Chemistry Lingo . It is generally not all so difficult and it is very logical. At your public library, you will find a huge reference book entitled The CRC Handbook Of Chemistry And Physics ;... this...

Molecular Biology: Eukaryotic Cloning Systems, eukaryotic organism, eukaryotic proteins
eukaryotic organism, eukaryotic proteins, protein expression: Eukaryotic cloning system simply means that you clone and express a gene of interest in a eukaryotic organism rather than bacteria. Usually yeast is used for this purpose. The advantage is that the yeast-expressed protein harbors all the post-translational...

Molecular Biology: Evolution puzzle, random mutation, symbiotic relationships
random mutation, symbiotic relationships, massive time: Dear ed, The question you have asked still remains as a paradox. but many researches have been conducting in these lines. A Glimpse is as follows. http://www.physorg.com/news95408496.html will getback to you with more information, after discussing...

Molecular Biology: Evolution question, jeff buzby, evolution question
jeff buzby, evolution question, chicken eggs: Dear Tony: In general, it s not really possible to predict exact evolutionary outcomes with any degree of accuracy without having some control or knowledge of the future environmental influences that will be exerting selective pressure on the organism...

Molecular Biology: e. coli, e coli, dehydration
e coli, dehydration, diarrhea: Yes, death from e.coli poisoning is generally from secondary complications such as dehydration/fever etc. This is one of the reasons why the young and elderly are particularly susceptible to death from e.coli poisoning since their systems are not able to cope...

Molecular Biology: cellular respiration, electron transport chain, proton motive force
electron transport chain, proton motive force, cellular respiration: Production of ATP as an end product of sugar breakdown and H2O as a by-product is the primary function of mitochondria, disruption of ETC (electron transport chain) can cause immediate death in a mammal; example cyanide poisoning. The end product ATP is essiential...

Molecular Biology: the elements that make up our body, clarendon press oxford, approximate figures
clarendon press oxford, approximate figures, chemical elements: Hi Daniel, Very interesting question and not quite in my field of expertise. However here is a website with a table adapted from The Elements, 3rd ed., Emsley, John, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1998 which shows the rough percentage of elements (oxygen -...

Molecular Biology: enzyme control reactions, enzymes, control reactions
enzymes, control reactions: Dear, It was better if you had mentioned your level so that i was able to answer accordingly. But i think following answer will help you. There are many examples of the sequence of the reactions controlled by enzymes. As it is not possible to draw these...

Molecular Biology: enzyme, disulphide bonds, enzyme protein
disulphide bonds, enzyme protein, journal of biochemistry: Hi Danny, Enzymes are extreemly picky proteins and must have the correct conditions to be functional. Papain in general can break disulfide bonds, the ones in hair would have to be exposed and accessable to the enzyme, and the enzyme (protein) would have...

Molecular Biology: enzymes active site, jeff buzby, electrostatic interaction
jeff buzby, electrostatic interaction, amino acids: Dear Vijay: I don t know that most enzymes necessarily have His or Lys in their active sites, but I would agree that charged amino acids, such as Lys, Arg, & His (+) OR Asp & Glu (-), are all fairly prevalent within enzyme active sites. These basic or...

Molecular Biology: enzymes/biochem, bacillus subtillis, acidic soils
bacillus subtillis, acidic soils, ph conditions: Hi Bethany, This is a fairly common lab experiment in classes and teaches students about the different activities of enzymes. You can think of this problem in terms of where the organisms live. Remember that enzymes from an organism are going to work...

Molecular Biology: enzymes, alcohol dehydrogenase pathway, excessive alcohol consumption
alcohol dehydrogenase pathway, excessive alcohol consumption, ethanol metabolism: Dear Emma, Catalase converts hydrogen peroxide into water and oxygen through the reaction diagrammed in the following Enzymes section of Kimball s Biology Pages online textbook: http://users.rcn.com/jkimball.ma.ultranet/BiologyPages/E/Enzymes.html...

Molecular Biology: estuaries, horseshoe crabs, rivers and streams
horseshoe crabs, rivers and streams, hundreds of fish: Dear Andee, Estuaries are basically places where freshwater rivers and streams flow into the ocean, mixing with the seawater. A wide variety of birds, fish, and other wildlife make estuaries their home. People also live, fish, swim, and enjoy nature in estuaries...

Molecular Biology: ethidium bromide mutation, nucleotide base pair, dna replication
nucleotide base pair, dna replication, base pairs: Dear Paul, Sorry for delay becuase of bad health Actually EtBr is a intercalating agents. Intercalating agents are planar three-ringed molecules that are about the same size as a nucleotide base pair. During DNA replication, these compounds can insert or...

Molecular Biology: evolution, nitrogen fixation, viruses and bacteria
nitrogen fixation, viruses and bacteria, human cells: Hello, indeed both evolve. Viruses are apart from cells (bacteria and human cells). They are an association of proteins and DNA, or RNA. Tey never associate in group (at least to my knowledge). Bacteria are single cell life form, but in some cases they...

Molecular Biology: evolutions, long periods of time, evolutionary steps
long periods of time, evolutionary steps, environmental pressure: I can t say you are wrong because most of the facts you mentioned are valid. However, you may have a conceptual misunderstanding about evolution. First, I must emphasize that all living things evolve continuously. Second, evolution needs not always make things...

Molecular Biology: exon, geometric distribution, fruit fly
geometric distribution, fruit fly, karami: do you know why the first Exon is the shortest Exon and why the last Exon is the longest Exon in Eukariotic genes? Dear Mr. Nejad, Where did you get this information? I believe it may be incorrect, as far as I understand exon length follows a non-geometric...

Molecular Biology: exon, nucleotide pairs, eukaryotic organisms
nucleotide pairs, eukaryotic organisms, vacation reply: I apologize for the delay in answering your question. I was out and for to turn on my on vacation reply. According to my information Exon size is fairly uniform across the length of the Eukaryotic gene. They average about 150 nucleotide pairs in length...

Molecular Biology: exon, eukaryotic genes, exons
eukaryotic genes, exons, karami: Dear mohammed, Sorry for the delayed reply, since i was held with practical exams. In eukaryotic genes, UTR(untranslated regions) processing (Post transcriptional processing)is critically performed to locate the actual coding regions by locating...

Molecular Biology: experiment to be done for me by a bio lab, research professors, google
research professors, google, local university: It is important that you do quite a bit of background reading on this experiment you are planning. Make sure that no one has done it before you, search PubMed and Google etc. Then if you are sure it will be relatively simple, research professors in your local...

Molecular Biology: extracellular ATP, gene expression profile, cell proliferation and apoptosis
gene expression profile, cell proliferation and apoptosis, g protein coupled receptors: Extracellular ATP is not typcially used as an energy source, but can act as a singalling molecule inducing intracelluar singalling cascades, here a a couple of abstracts on this to point you in the right direction. Extracellular nucleotides exert an important...

Molecular Biology: extracellular ATP, mammalian cells, atps
mammalian cells, atps, molecular transport: extracellular atps cannot be utilized by the mammalian cells invitro, since due to the lack the active transport mechanism, if you induce the transportation of atps across the cell membrane invitro, then the cell might utilize the atps, in case of cytogenetic...

Molecular Biology: extracellular ATP, mammalian cells, pubmedcentral
mammalian cells, pubmedcentral, cell membrane: I am unsure if mammalian cells can utilize extracellular ATP. However, I think extracellular ATP may have difficulty to enter the cell via the cell membrane. Once getting inside the cell, however I guess ATP can be utlilied. Nonetheless, there are also literature...

Molecular Biology: eye color difference, jeff buzby, different colored eyes
jeff buzby, different colored eyes, google search: Dear Rob: This is a very rare syndrome apparently known as heterochromia iridium. A Google Search for this term will provide a number of info. resources, but there is evidently not a great deal known about its characteristics. It seems that it can be...

Molecular Biology: Fermented Food, vinegar and salt, pickle jar
vinegar and salt, pickle jar, bacterial contamination: Hi Cherrie Lee: Bacteria play no production role in the processing of most if not all categories pickle-making, as far as I know. When bacteria and microbes get into the pickle-vat it is destined for spoilage, ...and you should not even reach into a pickle...

Molecular Biology: Fungi, penicillium roqueforti, kinds of cheeses
penicillium roqueforti, kinds of cheeses, surface mold: Yes, molds are used to make certain kinds of cheeses and can be on the surface of cheese or be developed internally. Blue veined cheese such as Roquefort, blue, Gorgonzola, and Stilton are created by the introduction of P. roqueforti or Penicillium roqueforti...

Molecular Biology: Fungi, common tools, spores
common tools, spores, mold: Mold to be able to develop needs an environment providing them with water and nutrient. There is probably some case where mold will be able to develop on tools in specific environment. (kitchen,...) The highest risk with mold in contact with tools will be...

Molecular Biology: Body made of water, illusionists, h20
Molecular Biology: Body made of water, illusionists, h20, phds

Molecular Biology: Cloning, ethical imperative, human civilization
Molecular Biology: Cloning, ethical imperative, human civilization, abject poverty

Molecular Biology: Complement system, complement cascade, complement protein
Molecular Biology: Complement system, complement cascade, complement protein, human cells

Molecular Biology: How cells make ATP, carbon bonds, college biology
Molecular Biology: How cells make ATP, carbon bonds, college biology, energy storage

Molecular Biology: Dialysis, red blood cells, plasma protein
Molecular Biology: Dialysis, red blood cells, plasma protein, salt concentration