About Experts Sitemap - Group 38 - Page 39 2015-05-26

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Due Date, week fetus, ultrasound technician
week fetus, ultrasound technician, materinty: Dear Chi, WOW!!! That is too much of a difference in due dates to be a difference in the skill of the ultrasound technician! Also - 28 weeks is rather late to wait to see an OB for a pregnancy. By 28 weeks many screening tests will often have already been...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Excercise after C Section, exercise after pregnancy, postpartum exercise
exercise after pregnancy, postpartum exercise, C-section: Scar tissue is very strong, so there is no chance that after 2 years that you will injure the area. But you might have adhesions, which form as part of the healing process. Adhesions connect your scar to underlying tissue. Any tugging or pulling on these...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Exercise, deep vein thrombosis, factor v leiden
deep vein thrombosis, factor v leiden, birth control pills: Generally, the healthier that you are, the healthier that your baby will be. Since you have been exercising regularly for 4 weeks, you ve already gained significant cardiovascular benefits. You need to discuss with your OBGYN the effects of regular...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: exercise during pregnacy, exercise during pregnancy, pregnancy exercise
exercise during pregnancy, pregnancy exercise, pregnancy fitness: If you ve been fairly inactive you can start fitness walking. Aim for thirty minutes at a moderate pace (don t get out of breath) on most days of the week. If you can not walk for thirty minutes straight without undue fatigue, then walk for shorter periods...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Lifting heavy objects at work, duty matters, sexual discrimination
ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Lifting heavy objects at work, duty matters, sexual discrimination, leave of absence

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: low lying placenta, low lying placenta, weight lifter
ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: low lying placenta, low lying placenta, weight lifter, proper profile

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Gestational Diabetes, diabetes specialist, glucose testing
diabetes specialist, glucose testing, glucose levels: Hello Lyndsey Well, at 36 weeks, the baby is almost mature and most babies survive without the need to be incubated. I am just wondering about the problem of seeing a diabetes specialist and some maternal fetal specialists are able to take care of diabetes...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Gestational Diabetes, gestational diabetes
gestational diabetes: Dear Lyndsey, If your doctor thinks that your baby is in danger of being too large - which often happens related to gestational diabetes, he/she may decide to induce labor or do a C-section after your 37th week of pregnancy. Until you can see on OB who...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: HCG hormones and pregnancy, hCG
hCG: Dear Maryanne, The hormone human chorionic gonadotropin (better known as hCG) is produced during pregnancy. It is made by cells that form the placenta, which nourishes the egg after it has been fertilized and becomes attached to the uterine wall. Levels...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: HCG Levels, high hcg levels, molar pregnancy
high hcg levels, molar pregnancy, multiple pregnancy: Dear Maree, Yes, the levels are a bit higher than we d expect. This may or may not mean anything at all. If it does indicate an issue, the possibilities we look at with high hCG levels can be: -Miscalculation of pregnancy dating -Molar pregnancy -Multiple...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Hsg level, hcg level, initial ultrasound
hcg level, initial ultrasound, help clinic: Dear Tam, With a LMP date of 1/21/09, you would have been 5 weeks, 6 days on 3/3/09. Now the range of normal for hCG during pregnancy is very broad, but for 5 weeks from LMP it is 18 - 7,340 mIU/ml and for 6 weeks it is 1,080 - 56,500 mIU/ml. That is why...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Infertility- Scar tissue/running/cholmid, exercise during pregnancy, pregnancy exercise
exercise during pregnancy, pregnancy exercise, pregnancy fitness: Running does not have a negative effect on fertility unless your are also consistently grossly under-consuming calories on a daily basis. Sometimes runners can over train, which over time depletes energy reserves and increases both physical and psychological...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Lifting heavy objects at work, exercise during pregnancy, pregnancy exercise
exercise during pregnancy, pregnancy exercise, lifting and carrying: While I am not an expert on maternity issues in the workplace, I do know once your belly gets in the way that lifting heavy boxes is not advisable. And you are only 4 months along. By six months, you tummy will be large enough to make heavy lifting impossible....

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: late periods, serum beta hcg, birth control pills
serum beta hcg, birth control pills, stopping birth control pills: Dear Adriana, If the blood test you had was a quantitative blood pregnancy test (serum beta hCG), that is a fairly conclusive test. It would give an actual amount of hCG in your bloodstream. The normal non-pregnant amount is 0-5 mIU/ml. You would be considered...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: low lying placenta, exercise during pregnancy, pregnancy exercise
exercise during pregnancy, pregnancy exercise, lifting: A low lying placenta puts you into a higher risk category. Please consult with an OBGYN right away to get clear guidelines on what activities you should avoid. You certainly should not be engaging in very strenuous activities. No heavy lifting and carrying....

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Miscarriage at 15 weeks, still lightly bleeding and never passed the fetus, week fetus, rh blood
week fetus, rh blood, pregnancy symptoms: Dear Alexis, Did you ever see your OB doctor? It is possible with very large clots that bloody tissue may have been surrounding the fetus and you might have not seen it, but... because I am sure you have been watching - doubtful. Even though you were 15...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Miscarriage and RH-, rhogam injection, rhogam shot
rhogam injection, rhogam shot, weird period: Dear Karine, RhoGAM should typically be given within 72 hours of birth (or other delivery event). Because you are so irregular and because the first period or two when discontinuing breastfeeding can be unusual, it is difficult to know what has occurred....

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: might be pregnant not sure, estrogen dominance, thyroid dysfunction
estrogen dominance, thyroid dysfunction, consecutive periods: Dear Natasha, I would suspect that your altered period was likely due to a bit of a hormonal imbalance - as most cycle irregularities are. This happens occasionally for all women - even those who are usually like clockwork , especially as we get closer...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: miscarraige/hormones, internal cervical os, recurrent miscarriages
internal cervical os, recurrent miscarriages, habitual abortion: Dear Cynthia I have a feeling that you might be having an incomptent cervix that could have happened as a result of cervical injury especially if you had your second delivery an instrumental one. e.g. forceps delivery. Incomptent cervix is the commonest...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: miscarriages and ectopic pregnancy, pregnancy losses, fertility specialist
pregnancy losses, fertility specialist, healthy pregnancy: Dear Tayyaba, As long as you have one functioning Fallopian tube and are ovulating regularly, you should still be able to conceive a pregnancy. However, anytime there are three consecutive pregnancy losses, it is often recommended to see a fertility...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: NEGATIVE HCG, signs of early pregnancy, reproductive endocrinologist
signs of early pregnancy, reproductive endocrinologist, signs of pregnancy: Dear Brown Signs of pregnancy alone do not diagnose pregnancy. Such signs may occur if she is very much eager to have a pregnancy, something called false pregnancy. In this case, hormones from higher centers(brain and hypothalamus) are released and produce...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Nuvaring effectiveness, Nuvaring
Nuvaring: Dear Alicia, A barrier method such as condoms or spermicides must be used until the new ring has been used continuously for a minimum of seven days. Personally, I would recommend using a back-up method for the duration of the cycle - just to be particularly...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Is this normal?, braxton hicks contractions, false labor pains
braxton hicks contractions, false labor pains, third trimester of pregnancy: Dear Krista, It sounds like your body is starting to get prepared for the labor and delivery to come! The discharge you are noticing may very well be your mucus plug. Throughout the pregnancy, the increased secretions form a protective barrier, the mucus...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Ovulation Spotting after Tubal Ligation, tubal ligation, ectopic pregnancy
tubal ligation, ectopic pregnancy, mid cycle: Dear Celeste, Ovulation bleeding can occur regardless of whether the tubes are clear or not. Typically when women have some spotting in the middle of the cycle, it is related to ovulation rather than a pregnancy. During a woman s menstrual cycle, there...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Pilates, exercise during pregnancy, pregnancy exercise
exercise during pregnancy, pregnancy exercise, pregnancy fitness: I have not read any studies regarding the safety of exercise and subchorionic bleeding/hematoma. You need to discuss this with your OBGYN and follow her advice. Pilates exercises that utilize the head float position (flexion of the thorax) can increase...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Polyps!, contraception pills, norethisterone tablets
contraception pills, norethisterone tablets, heavy flow: Dear Michelle These tablets are made of progesterone and this should not have an adverse effect on your lactation. However, I never heard that a heavy flow following its intake will wash the polyp off. This mostly is a waste of time especially with large...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Polyps!, irregular menstrual bleeding, lining of the uterus endometrium
irregular menstrual bleeding, lining of the uterus endometrium, contraception pills: Dear Michelle, Uterine polyps are growths attached to inner wall of the uterus and protruding into the uterine cavity. Overgrowth of cells in the lining of the uterus (endometrium) leads to the formation of these uterine polyps. They are typically attached...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Possible Birth Control Issues, left abdominal pain, lower left abdominal pain
left abdominal pain, lower left abdominal pain, birth control issues: Dear Stephanie, Unfortunately, I cannot even attempt to diagnose through this forum - especially as a nurse. If they have done testing to rule out a urinary tract infection and done ultrasound to rule out any type of genito-urinary physical abnormality,...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Possible Pregnancy, brown vaginal discharge, negative pregnancy tests
brown vaginal discharge, negative pregnancy tests, undetected pregnancy: Dear Art, From the information you have shared, I would not suspect a pregnancy. For the following reasons: - the time during a period is not the most fertile time of a woman s cycle each month. - two negative pregnancy tests within the last cycle,...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Post partum exercise for diverification of rectus muscles, exercise after pregnancy, postpartum exercise
exercise after pregnancy, postpartum exercise, abdominal separation: Most new moms with twins have at least some separation of the Rectus Abdominis (the six-pack ). Surgery is only needed in the most extreme cases. For most women, with the proper exercises, the gap can close to 2 finger-widths or less. A gap of less than...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Pregnancy, gestational diabetes, eventuality
gestational diabetes, eventuality, ultrasounds: Dear Crystal, Ultrasounds tend to be rather inaccurate for predicting the fetal weight. An ultrasound can give an estimate of the weight of your baby, but this estimate can sometimes be off by up to a pound or more in either direction. If you tend to...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Pregnancy, bleeding in early pregnancy, menstrual cramps
bleeding in early pregnancy, menstrual cramps, sexual intercourse: Dear Yesenia, Vaginal bleeding can occur frequently in the 1st trimester of pregnancy and may not be a sign of problems. Bleeding can be a sign of miscarriage but does not mean that miscarriage is imminent. Studies show that anywhere from 20-30% of women...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: periods during pregnancy., periods during pregnancy, estimated due date
periods during pregnancy, estimated due date, conception date: Dear Denise, Your dates seem to be exactly right! According to my calculations, with a LMP date of 8/4/08, your estimated date of conception would have been 8/18/08 and your estimated due date would be 5/11/09. The thing that your boyfriend s mother...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: two pos hpt then neg blood test then another pos hpt, serum beta hcg, beta hcg test
serum beta hcg, beta hcg test, pregnancy symptoms: Dear Heather, After three positive HPTs, a skipped period, and now a late consecutive period, my suggestion would be to return to the doctor s office for a quantitative blood pregnancy test. Just make sure you ask for a serum beta hCG test. That test will...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: postpartum jogging, exercise after pregnancy, postpartum exercise
exercise after pregnancy, postpartum exercise, aerobics: As an avid aerobic exerciser, I can definitely relate to your need to get your heart pumping again. But at 4 weeks postpartum, your ligaments are still long and therefore do not provide adequate stabilization for your joints during high impact exercise like...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: I have pregnancy symptoms, pregnancy after tubal ligation, pregnancy morning sickness
pregnancy after tubal ligation, pregnancy morning sickness, hormone fluctuations: Dear Melissa, Obviously, it is impossible from this forum to determine what might be causing your symptoms. But I can give you some information on tubal ligation failure. Occasionally a woman can still get pregnant, despite having had her tubes tied properly....

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: pregnant?, home pregnancy test, transvaginal ultrasound
home pregnancy test, transvaginal ultrasound, light flow: Dear Brooke Yes you may be pregnant. You can have a home pregnancy test if you have missed your cycle for 10 days or more. Such tests are not accurate enough if u missed it less than 10days. You can have a transvaginal ultrasound or u can have a blood...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: problems after miscarriage, vaginal ultrasound, uterine cavity
vaginal ultrasound, uterine cavity, heavy bleeding: Dear Carolyn I would suggest a repeat vaginal ultrasound to exclude the presence of remnants of conception inside your uterine cavity. This should be done by an experienced sonographer. If anything is there, you will need a D & C but If nothing is there...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Really hope I'm not pregnant, bladder infection, rare case
bladder infection, rare case, vcf: Dear Kimberly, Here s the thing... I do not know what the actual statistics are, but somewhere along the way someone in some study who was on some antibiotic and taking some hormonal BCP got pregnant. Now, all methods of hormonal birth control must post...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: reg;postnatal backpain and pelvic pain, exercise after pregnancy, postpartum fitness
exercise after pregnancy, postpartum fitness, post natal exercise: The type of pain you describe, intense and in the buttucks, can be a sign of a pinched nerve. The amount and type of exercise that you are getting is not enough to bring on severe post-exercise muscle soreness or spasms. And your pain doesn t sound like typical...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Sex during pregnancy and herpes., HSV
HSV: Dear Michelle, If you are pregnant and know you have genital herpes, you actually have an advantage in protecting your baby from the start. Studies show that most cases of neonatal herpes occur in babies whose mothers don t have any idea they are infected....

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: strenght training to lose weight, exercise after pregnancy, postpartum exercise
exercise after pregnancy, postpartum exercise, aerobics: The best exercise regime for weight loss is a combination of cardiovascular exercise, which burns fat as fuel, and weight training, which builds lean tissue. To burn fat as fuel, I recommend that you do aerobic exercise for 40 minutes on most days of the...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: swelling in legs, swelling in legs, ankle bones
swelling in legs, ankle bones, arms and legs: Dear Amy Preeclampsia can still occur in 4th pregnancy. That s for sure. However, the edema of preeclampsia usually affects hands and face as well as lower limbs. It is possible that this horrible edema is due to other medical disorders that incidentally...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: i think i could be pregant, serum beta hcg, hormone fluctuations
serum beta hcg, hormone fluctuations, test serum: Dear Joni, If you have had unprotected sex during the last cycle or two, you cannot dismiss the possibility of pregnancy. However, the symptoms you describe are hormonal in nature and can also be related to hormone fluctuations within your cycle. That is...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Uti effecting HPT, pregnancy hormone, protein in the urine
pregnancy hormone, protein in the urine, pregnancy tests: Dear Sophie, No. There have been reports that blood or protein in the urine may cause false-positive results, however that would be rare. The pregnancy hormone, called hCG, is either there in a significant enough amount or it isn t. If you have had SIX...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: almost 2 years with out periods, stopping birth control pills, birth control pills
stopping birth control pills, birth control pills, premature ovarian failure: Dear Mandy, If you are still breastfeeding, this can be a reason for your menstrual periods not returning. There are many various causes for amenorrhea (absence of periods) - pregnancy being just one. Others can be: -Hormonal imbalances, which cause fluctuating...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: abnormally high beta levels, high hCG
high hCG: Dear Lisa, WOW!!! OK, first, I might want to try another lab since the results of the ultrasound were perfectly normal. Maybe a machine is not calibrated correctly! Although you d think they would have other complaints... The common causes for a high...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: After Birth, first few days, menstrual bleeding
first few days, menstrual bleeding, menstrual period: Dear Nikky, The bleeding after delivery is called lochia. Postpartum bleeding is similar to the bleeding that occurs during a menstrual period, but is often much heavier than menstrual bleeding for the first few days. Postpartum bleeding typically begins...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: bleeding, pregnancy complaints, abortion cases
pregnancy complaints, abortion cases, household activities: Dear Kristie It is always better to have urgent medical exam and advise especially with pregnancy complaints as any delay may have adverse effects on the pregnancy. Meanwhile, you have to have complete bed rest, avoid household activities, intercourse,...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Is this a blighted ovum?, yolk sac, blighted ovum
yolk sac, blighted ovum, gestational sac: Dear Cheyne, It may have simply been a situation that your dating was off by a few days -- conception simply may have not actually taken place until a few days later than calculations suggested, so you were not quite as far along as you thought you were....

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: breathing techniques, breathing, diastasis
breathing, diastasis, abdominal separation: I think we need to get our terminology sorted out and have an anatomy overview first. For me, thoracic breathing, lateral breathing, diaphragmatic breathing, and three dimensional breathing are the same thing, and describe an ideal, non restricted breathing...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Conception Date, estimated due date, conception date
estimated due date, conception date, sperm cells: Dear Al, Based on the history of 25 day cycles and the dates you gave me, I would calculate an estimated conception date of 9/24/08 and an estimated due date of 6/17/09. Now -- if you had engaged in unprotected sex and he had ejaculated inside you, I would...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Concerned..., estrogen dominance, thyroid dysfunction
estrogen dominance, thyroid dysfunction, excessive alcohol: Dear Dyia, It sounds like simply an unusual flow this cycle - likely due to a bit of a hormonal imbalance. Since you have had unprotected sex, you will need to be aware and watch your cycle next month to determine if it also is altered - skipped or extremely...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: conception date, ultrasound report, conception date
ultrasound report, conception date, scan report: Dear Reshma, OK, your information was given in a slightly confusing way... If your ultrasound on 2/7 actually stated that your LMP was estimated to be 12/22, that means it also estimated your fetus to be approximately 6 weeks, 5 days at that scan. It also...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: concerned about premature labor, infection accounts, tocolytics
infection accounts, tocolytics, premature labor: Dear Cierra Unfortunately, till now, there is no single test available to predict when labor starts in any woman. Urinary tract infection accounts for 30% of cases of preterm labor. It should be treated aggressively to stop contractions and prevent...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: confused, bleeding after sex, correct time
bleeding after sex, correct time, mid cycle: Dear Leann, If you are in the middle of your cycle, it may simply be a bit of ovulation bleeding. Typically when women have some spotting in the middle of the cycle, it is related to ovulation. During a woman s menstrual cycle, there are two estrogen drops...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: MY DAUGHTER THINKS I AM CRAZY, ultrasound scan, weeks of pregnancy
ultrasound scan, weeks of pregnancy, last period: Dearsound scan for dating pregnancy Paula Do not worry at all. Obstetricians never rely on a single ultrasound scan for dating pregnancy. Actually we count on serial ultrasound provided that the first is taken between 12-16 weeks of pregnancy If any...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Endometriosis, vericose veins, and hysterectomy, varicose veins
varicose veins: Dear Margie, Veins have valves that act as one-way flaps. These valves prevent the blood from flowing backwards as it moves up the legs. If the one-way valves become weak, blood can leak back into the vein and collect there. This problem is called venous...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Eptopic pregnancy, eptopic pregnancy, corium
eptopic pregnancy, corium, iron stores: Dear Karen I would agree with you that there is a chance of having another ectopic only if the damaged tube was kept. Having the tube removed does not have any future consequences regarding the rate of ectopic pregnancy. The possibility of having another...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: The Fetal Heartbeat, fetal heartbeat, gestational sac
fetal heartbeat, gestational sac, heart activity: Dear Stephanie, OK...again, at 6 weeks, it absolutely is possible for a fetal heartbeat to have been seen via vaginal ultrasound. The gestational sac can typically be visualized as early as 4.5 weeks of gestation and the yolk sac at about 5 weeks. The embryo...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: First gyn appointment, medical history questionnaire, full bladder
medical history questionnaire, full bladder, sexual intercourse: Dear Samantha, I know - it is a huge thing the first time you go in!! But here is the best piece of advice I can give... RELAX. They see the very same thing all day long every day. It is nothing new to them at all and they see it just like a mechanic sees...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: breathing techniques, lower abdomen, breast bone
ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: breathing techniques, lower abdomen, breast bone, diastasis

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: light pink spotting after exercise 16 weeks of c-section, c sections, c section
ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: light pink spotting after exercise 16 weeks of c-section, c sections, c section, cramps

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: heart rate, pregnancy heart rate
pregnancy heart rate: Dear Courtni, By the 27th week of pregnancy, we expect your HR to have risen by 15-25% from its pre-pregnancy rate. As long as your resting heart rate is still below 140 BPM, there should be no problem. And your BPs are fantastic. The flushing is very,...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: horseback riding in pregnancy, horsebacking riding during pregnancy
horsebacking riding during pregnancy: Both. The primary concern is the amount of repetitive torso jostling and spinal impact. While most adept riders have a relatively low risk of falling or being thrown, in rare instances it can happen. Less experienced riders will sustain more torso...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: light pink spotting after exercise 16 weeks of c-section, C-section, postpartum
C-section, postpartum, postnatal: At 16 weeks post C-Section, your body has healed from the surgery. I don t think that pink spotting, which indicates a very small amount blood in your vaginal discharge, is anything to worry about. Walking for just one mile, is not very strenuous on your...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: who's likely to be the father, estimated due date, 12th week of pregnancy
estimated due date, 12th week of pregnancy, week of pregnancy: Dear Rebecca, According to the dates you have given me, I calculate your estimated conception date to have been 9/19/08. This gives you an estimated due date of 6/12/09. I would assume you would have had an ultrasound to confirm dating of the pregnancy...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Mylanta, estimated due date, magnesium hydroxide
estimated due date, magnesium hydroxide, health care providers: Dear Marget, If you have a regular menstrual history of 28 day cycles and your LMP was 3/17, then I calculate that your estimated conception date was 3/31. This gives you an estimated due date of 12/22/09 and makes you approximately 4 weeks, 2 days along...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: missed period, went off birth control, negative HPT, serum beta hcg, home pregnancy tests
serum beta hcg, home pregnancy tests, birth control pills: Dear Kate, Actually, the increased stress you are under could very well be the reason. There are many various causes for amenorrhea (absence of periods) - pregnancy being just one. Others can be: -Hormonal imbalances, which cause fluctuating levels of...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: mthfr, prenatal vitamins, prenatal vitamin
prenatal vitamins, prenatal vitamin, 7 months: Dear Kristy, I would suggest the same prenatal vitamin as you were taking before - especially if it was a prescription vitamin. Not all prenatal vitamins are the same at all. I hope this has helped you and answered your question. I wish you well. ...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: muscle spasm., pubic pain during pregnancy, pelvis instability during pregnancy
pubic pain during pregnancy, pelvis instability during pregnancy: Pubic pain is a common complaint in the latter stages of pregnancy and postpartum period. Normally, all the bones of the pelvis are fused and no movement can occur. However, due to the hormones of pregnancy, ligaments (which connect joints together) soften...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: nuvaring and pregnancy, ovulation kit, male condoms
ovulation kit, male condoms, contraceptive effectiveness: Dear Crystal, As a general rule, Nuvaring cannot be considered to be effective as birth control without a back-up method until it has been in place for seven continuous days. If the Nuvaring has been out of the vagina for more than three continuous hours...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Period after molar pregnancy, partial molar pregnancy, premenstrual symptoms
partial molar pregnancy, premenstrual symptoms, fibroid: Dear Courtney Usually spotting occurs in the first month after surgery and menses is expected to occur thereafter. I do not see at the moment anything serious if your doctor has scheduled the routine hCG level determinations for the next 12 months. However,...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: PH levels, high vaginal pH
high vaginal pH: Dear Karen, Here are some causes of high vaginal pH: *Increased Vaginal pH Causes (pH 4.5) I. Non-infectious Causes A. Menses B. Cervical Mucus increased (e.g. Ovulation) C. Semen in vagina following intercourse D. Rupture...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Postnatal exercise, postnatal exercise
postnatal exercise: Many women see results: the belly getting smaller, firmer and flatter, after just a few workouts. Spot reduction of fat is a myth. To improve your lean mass ratio, you need to eat to match your metabolism at your ideal weight, and increase your daily activity...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Pregnancy, prolapse, bladders probs, pre eclampsia, early labour
pre eclampsia, early labour, prolapsed uterus: Dear Sadie, Well... it certainly does sound like symptoms related to a urinary tract infection. Maybe it is simply inflammation of the area, but I would definitely try to get back in there or at least drop off a urine specimen. Make sure that the specimen...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Pregnant after Tubal, tubal ligation, 19 months
tubal ligation, 19 months, 28 days: Dear Kelly, Occasionally a woman can still get pregnant, despite having had her tubes tied properly. The tubes can evolve in such a way as to try to heal themselves, and sometimes a tract develops that allows egg and sperm to meet. However, tubal ligation,...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Provera, premature ovarian failure, reproductive endocrinologist
premature ovarian failure, reproductive endocrinologist, ultrasound results: Dear Thei Provera never helps ovulation. In fact, it prevents it. Havine been diagnosed with premature ovarian failure makes the possibility of pregnancy very weak. However, it is a good idea to consult a reproductive endocrinologist. Although your...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: pain, postpartum back pain, post natal pelvic pain
postpartum back pain, post natal pelvic pain, pubic pain after pregnancy: Yes, make an appointment with your OBGYN as this level of pain is unusual. You might be experiencing pelvic instability due do Pubis Symphasis Disfunction, or a related problem like instability at the sacroiliac joint. Get a referral to either a Chiropractor,...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: perimenopause and pregnancy, home pregnancy test, intermittent nausea
home pregnancy test, intermittent nausea, lower backache: Dear Jan Although it seems extremely remote to be pregnancy after 2 negative pregnany tests at 54, I would suggest a transvaginal ultrasound to exclude abortion especially you are still having nausea, fatigue, breast tenderness and abdominal cramps. In...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: pouchy tummy, exercise after pregnancy, postpartum exercise
exercise after pregnancy, postpartum exercise, C-section: While most postpartum abdominal reconditioning and core exercises are done prone (on the back) there are variations you can do either standing, in the quadruped (all fours) position, or on a large fitness ball. You should start by reconditioning your deepest...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: pregnancy, pregnancy calculation, week fetus
pregnancy calculation, week fetus, accurate measurement: Dear John, They were right that the ultrasound done at 6 weeks would have to be the most accurate in dating the pregnancy. In general, ultrasonography dating of a pregnancy is more accurate than dating using the date of the mother s last menstrual period....

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: pregnancy after taking plan be - possible ectopic, ectopic
ectopic: Dear Amber, Given your circumstances, I would not think that a visit to the ER (where they SHOULD take your insurance as payment) to have them assess the pain on the left side since you are pregnant is unreasonable at all. I can also give you some additional...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: am I pregnant?????, serum beta hcg, hormone fluctuations
serum beta hcg, hormone fluctuations, test serum: Dear Kelli, If you have had unprotected sex during the last cycle or two, you cannot dismiss the possibility of pregnancy. The symptoms you describe are hormonal in nature and can also be related to hormone fluctuations within your cycle. That is why...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: problems after 3rd csection, cervix treatment, cervical polyps
cervix treatment, cervical polyps, cervical dysplasia: Dear Kelly, Unfortunately, there is nothing I can suggest with those symptoms for you to do for yourself . I can only recommend that you be seen by a medical professional - either another OB/GYN or the ER. Also... have you checked into State service more...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Quant Testing/Miscarriage, home pregnancy test, signs of pregnancy
home pregnancy test, signs of pregnancy, doctors office: Dear Melissa, It sounds like the likelihood is that the pregnancy never got a real strong start. Given all the information you ve shared, if the quant level fell from 56 to 8 after the bleeding occurred, I would suspect that you probably had a very early...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Some Questions, progesterone levels, silver fillings
progesterone levels, silver fillings, fertilised egg: Dear Jennifer, OK - I ll answer your questions as you have asked them to try to make it simpler... 1. It s perfectly fine and happens often that HSG and IUI are done in the same cycle. HSG is thought to improve fertility issues for women whose tubes...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Rib-closure exercises, exercise after pregnancy, postpartum exercise
exercise after pregnancy, postpartum exercise, abdominal reconditioning: Rib Closure Exercise for Postpartum Women: Sit tall on the edge of a hard chair, or sturdy coffee table. Knees at a ninety degree angle, spine elongated and neutral. Wrap the fitness band, wide, accross the back of you ribs, ends crossed in front, below...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: round stomach, gall bladder surgery, gall bladder
gall bladder surgery, gall bladder, gestational age: At your next OBGYN appointment, the doctor will measure you abdomen. Ask her if you are just carrying small, or if your developing baby is small for gestational age. It s also possible that you are not as far along as you think. Don t worry about your...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Small painless flesh coloured bump, boils
boils: Dear Amanda, This is a common area for boils or clogged pores as you have described it. In the area of the groin, these are often a result of local inflammation of the sweat glands. Near or in the crease of the buttocks, they often begin as tiny areas of...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: septate diagnosis, recurrent pregnancy loss, pregnancy losses
recurrent pregnancy loss, pregnancy losses, dear emma: Dear Emma Sometimes even an HSG is not enough and a hysteroscope, an endoscope with a camera that shows the inside of your uterus with a light source, is needed to reveal an abnormality inside your uterus. Ultrasound, whether abdominal or vaginal, is not...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: sex, breast changes, birth control pill
breast changes, birth control pill, early pregnancy: Dear Heather, If the only symptom you are noting that is making you question whether you may be pregnant is that your areolas appear to be a bit darker, then I very much doubt you are pregnant - based on the history you have given me. 1st - the last...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: subchorionic hematoma at 19 weeks, hematoma, second opinion
hematoma, second opinion, cramp: Dear Violet, It would not necessarily be unusual for you to be experiencing more discomfort than you would if the hematoma were not present. There is likely some additional inflammation present which would cause you to feel anything on an exaggerated basis....

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Thin uterus and pregnancy, mild contractions, immature lung
mild contractions, immature lung, neonatal intensive care: Dear Katrina There is definitley a risk but you can attempt pregnancy provided that you have access to proper antenatal care. The risks are actually two. First the risk of rupture uterus is high if you go beyond 36-37 week. Therefore, your doctor will...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: uterus window???, uterine window
uterine window: Dear Sharon, A uterine window is often a term which describes a section of the uterus which has become so thin (usually from repeated stretching/pregnancies and especially repeat surgical scars) that you can see through the tissue. Obviously, with a section...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: wait time for conceiving after two miscarriages and one ectopic, pregnancy losses, blighted ovum
pregnancy losses, blighted ovum, dandc: Dear Molly, I m sorry to hear of your difficult year. Typically, after 2-3 consecutive pregnancy losses a referral is made to a specialist. This would not be unusual. As far as the length of time in waiting to conceive a pregnancy again, the general...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: working out/ miscarraige, exercise during pregnancy, pregnancy exercise
exercise during pregnancy, pregnancy exercise, pregnancy fitness: To date, there has been only one study that has found a correlation between exercise and miscarriage in the first trimester. The link was not found with most types of exercise but with women who did high volume/high intensity/high impact exercise like running....

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: 24.5 weeks OC dilated 2cm 2.8 CLength mostly soft, incompetent cervix, multiple births
incompetent cervix, multiple births, internal os: Dear Alicia, The pressure as the baby grows into the 2nd and 3rd trimesters may cause the cervix to start to open before the baby is ready to be born. This condition is called an incompetent cervix or weakened cervix, and it can sometimes lead to a miscarriage...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: 3 miscarriages, now can't conceive, operative hysteroscopy, diagnostic hysteroscopy
operative hysteroscopy, diagnostic hysteroscopy, thin telescope: Dear Pauline, It is possible that a D&C can cause scarring which can affect fertility. You would likely need a hysteroscopy to determine if scarring is present in a significant enough amount to affect implantation of a fertilized egg. Hysteroscopy uses...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Abdominal Pain during Riding, pregnancy exercise, horse back riding
pregnancy exercise, horse back riding: Many believe that horse-back riding should be discontinued in the last half of pregnancy, even for experienced riders. Animals are unpredictable. You have the low, but real, risk of your horse getting spooked by a dog, or a car back-firing, or something...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Abnormal US but HCG levels still rising, viable pregnancy, ultrasound technician
viable pregnancy, ultrasound technician, chemical pregnancy: Dear Grace, First, I would like to apologize for the delay in answering. Unfortunately, my son required emergency surgery this past week and I have been needed as nurse mom . Although a few days have now passed and you may have your answer, I will...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Antiphospholipid antibody syndrome and pregnancy, Antiphospholipid Antibody Syndrome
Antiphospholipid Antibody Syndrome: Dear Amy, Women with APS may have difficulties with pregnancy. During pregnancy, women are at higher risk of developing blood clots and preeclampsia. In APS, pregnancies are thought to be lost because blood clots form in the placenta and starve the baby...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Baby is very big for due date, x ray tech, yolk sac
x ray tech, yolk sac, gestational sac: Dear Rebecca, It would help to know when the ultrasound was performed. Ultrasounds done within the first trimester are considered to be very accurate in dating pregnancies. Since having the ability to visualize pregnancies via ultrasound, we have noted...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Bach ache during pregnancy, embryo sac, gastrointestinal problems
embryo sac, gastrointestinal problems, transvaginal ultrasound: Dear Jaya It can be a miscarriage, although usually is accompanied by bleeding, but it can be due to some other reasons such as a gastrointestinal problems. Another possibility is ectopic pregnancy but pain is usually localized, although in many ocassions...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Bleeding after Tubal Surgery, tubligation, emergency surgery
tubligation, emergency surgery, holli: Dear Holli, First, I would like to apologize for the delay in answering. Unfortunately, my son required emergency surgery this past week and I have been needed as nurse mom . This is not a symptom I would expect you to be experiencing more than two...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: breast discharge after DNC, breast self exams, nipple secretions
breast self exams, nipple secretions, birth control pills: Dear Nazneen, A D&C should not have any affect on a discharge from your breasts. Normally, if the ducts are stripped toward the nipple, a drop or two of clear, milky, or greenish-tinged liquid will appear. This is not considered nipple discharge and, again,...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: c- section delivery after care, c section delivery, scar area
c section delivery, scar area, inflammatory reaction: Dear Courtney Such complaint 1 month after CS should definitely alert you to seek medical examination. This can be an allergic reaction to the sutures used that ended up into an inflammatory reaction and started infectious process or may be an alarm for...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Having children, herpes
herpes: Dear Denise, General precautions exist with men who are infected and with pregnant women (infected or not). They would include: abstaining from sex when you/he have active outbreaks, using condoms for intercourse between outbreaks, and possibly abstaining...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: conception, week fetus, accurate measurement
week fetus, accurate measurement, anatomic structures: Dear Melissa, In general, ultrasonography dating of a pregnancy is more accurate than dating using the date of the mother s last menstrual period. The biometric crown-rump measurement (CRL) of the six to 12-week fetus provides the most accurate measurement...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: contractions during 8th week with no heart beat of fetal pole, 8th week of pregnancy, gestational sac
8th week of pregnancy, gestational sac, ultrasound scan: Dear Nida, The signs being presented by you looks like she is going to have a miscarriage. I suggest that you take her to the hospital where an Ultrasound scan can be done to check for presence of heart beat and the gestational sac patency. Sorry I can...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Diastasis recti, joint laxity, knee joint pain
joint laxity, knee joint pain, physical stamina: It s very unusual to experience pain when contracting the Transverse Abdominis. It s possible that you have something else going on, like pelvic instability, due to joint laxity. I suggest that you get a referral to a Chiropractor or Physical Therapist...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: degeneration and calcification of placenta, life span of a sperm, ultrasound machine
life span of a sperm, ultrasound machine, proper diagnosis: Dear Anne-marie The placental findings indicates agied placenta which may not be able to deliver enough nutrition to your baby. In fact, the lag between your scans and your calculated date can be due to this aging although ultrasound machine can have falacies...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: devirefication of the recti abdominus muscle, exercise after pregnancy, postpartum exercise
exercise after pregnancy, postpartum exercise, abdominal separation: You ve got several different issues going on here. Most Dr.s want to repair an umbilical hernia because in some cases tissue can get stuck in the opening, which is not only extremely painful, but more rarely, blood circulation to the impinged tissue can...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Embryo has a heartbeat but no growth, yolk sac, gestational sac
yolk sac, gestational sac, hgc levels: Dear Cheyne, You are right that there is very little literature as to this particular scenario. But it happens and most often when the fetal pole stops growing, that is a strong indication of an unhealthy pregnancy. However, it sounds as if you have been...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Excercise during pregnancy while spotting, exercise during pregnancy, pregnancy fitness
exercise during pregnancy, pregnancy fitness, spotting: All twin pregnancies are considered higher risk. Because you ve been spotting too, you should discuss your situation fully with your OBGYN. It s possible that walking, at an easy to moderate pace, for up to 30 minutes will be OK for you, but you should not...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: effacement and dilation, post-date pregnancy
post-date pregnancy: Dear Judy, Yes, you very well may go into labor on your own. However, it tends to be dangerous for a fetus to remain in the uterus for more than two weeks beyond its due date. The placenta can only function effectively for a certain amount of time. After...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: exercise, exercise during pregnancy, pregnancy exercise
exercise during pregnancy, pregnancy exercise, pregnancy fitness: I agree that you should be concerned about the pace of your weight gain in this pregnancy. Gaining too much weight puts you at greater risk for gestational diabetes, as well as risk for obesity and other long term health risks after your baby is born. ...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Fading postive line, dye test, pregnancy tests
dye test, pregnancy tests, blue dye: Dear Susan, First, I would like to apologize for the delay in answering. Unfortunately, my son required emergency surgery this past week and I have been needed as nurse mom . The tests are meant to be read within the time specified on the box. As time...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: The Fetal Heartbeat, fetal heartbeat, gestational sac
fetal heartbeat, gestational sac, heart activity: Dear Stephanie, Yes, it would typically be a visual via ultrasound. I wonder if they had you on a heart monitor as well and you heard your own heart beat? Also, they have doppler monitors to hear fetal heart tones, but usually you cannot pick that up this...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Figuring out how far along I actually am!, gestational sac, conception date
gestational sac, conception date, gestational age: Dear Pamela, Actually - both you and your doctor are exactly right. :-) The due date of Sept. 30 and the ultrasound dating of 18 weeks on 4/29 both indicate an estimated conception date of 1/7. Here may be the source of your confusion... The calculation...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: fluconazole and tetracycline, lady doc, yeast infection
lady doc, yeast infection, blood picture: Dear John, Certainly administration of antibiotics impair the blood picture and result in amenorrhea and as such you will find a delay in appearance of the periods till the body balances out. basically they alter the hormonal levels and when the levels...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Group B strep, GBS
GBS: Dear Natalie, The generally accepted theory is that GBS is not a threat to the fetus with the loss of the mucus plug. Here is some additional information (in case you need any), which includes what conditions would be considered a high risk for infecting...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Not gaining weight, want to excercise, pregnancy exercise, no weight gain
pregnancy exercise, no weight gain: Speak to your OBGYN about getting a referral to a nutritionist who specializes in pregnancy. You need to eat the highest quality diet that you can afford, in the correct amount for your pregnancy metabolism. She can determine whether your dietary habits...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: hcg increasing more than double but sonogram only shows one sac (no baby yet - only 3 weeks), molar pregnancy, resolution ultrasound
molar pregnancy, resolution ultrasound, abnormal pregnancy: DearMelina hCG levels are never reliable alone in making a diagnosis and their normal range is extremely wide. Therefore no conclusion, of any type, can be made at 3 weeks and yes nurses are correct, ultrasound cannot detect a sac at 3 weeks. I advise...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: no heartbeat, vaginal pessary, labour pains
vaginal pessary, labour pains, lady doc: Dear nida, She has to continue using the vaginal pessary till her doctor examines and gives a clean chit.This is as i said is to prevent abortion.I advice total bedrest and unnecessary strain while getting up ana sitting down. With regards, Lady do...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Irregular periods, lady doc, irregular periods
lady doc, irregular periods, pregancy test: Dear Tina, When the causative reasons for chances of conception are not there all HPT results will be negative. If your concern is becoming pregnant then I should say its a good news for you but if you are trying for a baby then I will say Good Luck & God...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: im so confused, egg implants, pregnant women experience
egg implants, pregnant women experience, maxi pads: Dear Jessica, The symptoms you describe are hormonal in nature and can also be related to hormone fluctuations within your cycle. That is why it so difficult to diagnose a pregnancy based on symptoms alone. I would suggest waiting another 7-10 days...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: implantation, gestational sac yolk sac, ultrasound report
gestational sac yolk sac, ultrasound report, implantation bleeding: Dear Reshma, An ultrasound will measure the gestational sac, yolk sac, or fetus (depending upon how far along in the pregnancy you are) and calculate the date of the pregnancy based on those measurements. The LMP is assumed based on those calculations....

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: infertility, hepatitis viruses, lady doc
hepatitis viruses, lady doc, physiological issues: Dear Mellisa, Its a very wrong notion to say that the Jaundice that you had at the age of 15 yrs will affect you to become infertile. There is no scientific evidence to say so. hence dont listen to such tales and in case you are suffering from Infertility...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: low normal amniotic fluid, oligohydramnios
oligohydramnios: Dear Kristi, Oligohydramnios is the condition of having too little amniotic fluid. Doctors can measure the amount of fluid through a few different methods, but most commonly it is by an amniotic fluid index (AFI) evaluation or deep pocket measurements....

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: mature placenta, emergency c section, fetal growth and development
emergency c section, fetal growth and development, growth restriction: Dear Tina, Placenta vascular formation is obviously crucial for fetal growth and development. Proper development of the placenta ensures the exchange of oxygen/nutrients and blood flow necessary for fetal growth. When there is an abnormality along the way...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: miscarriage and dnc, lady doc, human physiology
lady doc, human physiology, brown blood: Hi Brenda, Its good to be very detailed when you are explaining your health related symptoms as it helps a lot in arriving at diagnosis or giving proper advice. Looking to the dates given by you I suspect that the only chance for your HCG to raise is...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Need insight, home pregnancy tests, home pregnancy test
home pregnancy tests, home pregnancy test, typical manifestations: Dear Destiny I would be very much concerned to exclude ectopic pregnancy. There is no typical manifestations to diagnose ectopic; however, it is commonly associated with unusual menstrual pattern and lower abdominal pain in 1 or both sides. Because of...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Oligohydramnios, subchorionic hematoma, fetal measurements
subchorionic hematoma, fetal measurements, 4 quarts: Dear marie, There is nothing much that you can do now other than take adequate rest and maintain fluid balance. Resting reduces cramps and spotting. Please follow the present advice as you seem to be under a good hand. with best regards, Lady do...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Pain after urinating, pain after urinating, bladder spasms
pain after urinating, bladder spasms, college graduation: Dear Sharon, It may have simply been some bladder spasms related to the bladder being stretched for an extended amount of time. However, in order to make sure that you do not have an infection going on, you can simply stop into your doctor s office and...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Pelvic pain and pregnancy, exercise during pregnancy, pregnancy exercise
exercise during pregnancy, pregnancy exercise, pregnancy fitness: Great question. There is a lot of conflicting information about these types of positions, both in exercise/yoga and everyday activities. The crossed legs position when seated on a chair, places tensile, or stretching forces on the sacroiliac joint on the...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Pregnancy test, serum beta hcg, stopping birth control pills
serum beta hcg, stopping birth control pills, birth control pills: Dear Roxanne, If you have had unprotected sex during the last cycle or two, you cannot at all dismiss the possibility of pregnancy. However, sometimes we skip periods due to other factors going on in our lives. There are many various causes for amenorrhea...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: I have pain in my gallbladder, Rib Pain
Rib Pain: Dear Sara, What you are experiencing is not at all unusual for your stage of pregnancy. Pain under the ribs just below the breasts is commonly felt during late pregnancy. As the uterus rises in the abdomen it compresses the ribs, and can cause them to feel...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: pain in lower right side, pregnancy round ligament pain, dull ache
pregnancy round ligament pain, dull ache, pain in pregnancy: Dear Courtni, This sounds like it may be some stretching of the round ligaments of your uterus - a typical pain in pregnancy. Round ligament pain generally refers to a brief, sharp, stabbing pain or a longer-lasting dull ache that pregnant women commonly...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: no period after d &e, stopping birth control pills, birth control pills
stopping birth control pills, birth control pills, premature ovarian failure: Dear Peaches, There are many various causes for amenorrhea (absence of periods) - pregnancy being just one. Others can be: -Hormonal imbalances, which cause fluctuating levels of the hormones needed to support menstruation -Emotional or physical stress...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: why no period??? help., fibroid in the uterus, itchy breasts
fibroid in the uterus, itchy breasts, tiny traces: Dear Anta Pregnancy is very likely at your age although your husband uses condoms when having sex. I advise a transvaginal ultrasound for accurate diagnosis. If you are not pregnant, a treatment can be given to start your menstruation. Good Luc...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: polycystic ovary syndrome, excessive hair growth, excess insulin
excessive hair growth, excess insulin, ovary syndrome: Dear Nettisha, First, I would like to apologize for the delay in answering. Unfortunately, my son required emergency surgery this past week and I have been needed as nurse mom . Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a health problem that can affect a...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: pregnancy, concieved, copious amounts
concieved, copious amounts, lmp: Dear Sydney, CM is a good way to help determine when you are ovulating, but it is not an absolute. You can still ovulate without noting copious amounts of CM. So - yes - it is still possible that you would have ovulated, and thus conceived. If you have...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: my pregnancy, MTHFR
MTHFR: Dear Melissa, First, I would like to apologize for the delay in answering. Unfortunately, my son required emergency surgery this past week and I have been needed as nurse mom . Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) is a rare genetic defect that...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Could I be pregnant, lower back ache, home pregnancy test
lower back ache, home pregnancy test, symptoms of pregnancy: Dear Katie, If you have still not missed a period and are right in the middle of your current cycle, these symptoms may be more related to your own hormones surging along with the BCPs. However... I m never one to rule anything out, especially women s intuition!...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: RH neg. and would like another, RhoGAM
RhoGAM: Dear Ann, First, I would like to apologize for the delay in answering. Unfortunately, my son required emergency surgery this past week and I have been needed as nurse mom . The fact that you have had an injection of RhoGAM with the previous pregnancies...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Sex, elephant yam, home pregnancy test
elephant yam, home pregnancy test, pregnancy conception: Dear Kimberly, Thank you for posting your question and i am pleased to be of some help to you. Going through your submitted details of symptoms being suffered by you it looks like a implantation bleeding that you had on 5/5/09. You did a pregnancy test...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: shortening of cervix, incompetent cervix, internal portion
incompetent cervix, internal portion, cervical os: Dear Jaylene, Every woman and every situation is different. There is absolutely no way to know with any certainty whether you or any other woman will go into labor early under these circumstances. Each case is handled slightly different by their doctor,...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: time, due date calculater, ultrasound scan
due date calculater, ultrasound scan, healthy pregnancy: Dear Ritu It is very unlikely for a healthy pregnancy not to be visible at 8 weeks. This is probably a case of miscarriage known as anembryonic sac which occurs for no apparent reason in 5-10% of normal women. However the diagnosis has to be confirmed...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: ultrasound, full term pregnancy, sperm cells
full term pregnancy, sperm cells, conception date: Dear Shantell, First, I would like to apologize for the delay in answering. Unfortunately, my son required emergency surgery this past week and I have been needed as nurse mom . Pregnancy dating is always based on the LMP - even if it assumed by measurements...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Workouts, exercise during pregnancy, pregnancy exercise
exercise during pregnancy, pregnancy exercise, pregnancy fitness: Great for you for starting your pregnancy with fitness activities as an integral part of your weekly habits. Your muscle tone will continue to grow as you become more fit, and this will help a lot, in terms of avoiding common pregnancy complaints such as...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: weird things happening, estrogen dominance, thyroid dysfunction
estrogen dominance, thyroid dysfunction, consecutive periods: Dear Maria, I would suspect that your ususual period was likely due to a bit of a hormonal imbalance - as most cycle irregularities are. This happens occasionally for all women - even those who are usually like clockwork , especially as we get closer to...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: 9 1/2 weeks pregnant, blighted ovum, sore breasts
blighted ovum, sore breasts, breast tenderness: I would certainly not be worried about that at this point. Nausea normally subsides at various time throughout pregnancy and it is not anything to be concerned with. Every pregnancy is different and progresses differently than others. As your body adjusts...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: accurate ultrasound..., week fetus, estimated due date
week fetus, estimated due date, accurate measurement: Dear Hollie, Ultrasounds done within the first trimester are considered to be very accurate in dating pregnancies. In general, ultrasonography dating of a pregnancy is more accurate than dating using the date of the mother s last menstrual period. The biometric...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Birth control?, dear jessie, irregular periods
dear jessie, irregular periods, depo shot: Dear jessie It is a well known fact that the depot shots delay the return of ovulation, and consequently fertility. depending upon the duration u have been using the shots. This delay may go up for 2 years depending upon the duration of use. However,...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Burning feet, pair of socks, strange symptoms
pair of socks, strange symptoms, burning feet: This is a strange one, but my guess is that it might be athletes foot. Wash your feet in warm water with soap. Dry fully. Apply a topical cream for athletes foot. Apply the cream on dry feet after your morning shower too. If the skin on your feet is...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: breastfeeding during pregnancy, cherly, expecting mothers
cherly, expecting mothers, hetherington: Breastfeeding while pregnant is a very common concern amongst mothers and expecting mothers. Research suggests that the uterus is not receptive to hormonal stimulation from oxytocin until around 24 weeks gestation, so it is generally safe to consider nursing...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Conception date?, 12th week of pregnancy, week of pregnancy
12th week of pregnancy, week of pregnancy, conception date: Dear Lisa, Well, you are right. I calculate and approximate conception date of anywhere from 5/9-11. So, I would suspect that you probably started the 25th (since you can t remember) and maybe ovulated slightly late in the cycle. The most likely sexual...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Divarication of Abdominal muscles 2nd Pregnancy, exercise during pregnancy, pregnancy exercise
exercise during pregnancy, pregnancy exercise, abdominal separation: Most likely, your abs will separate again. For some women, this is how their bodies respond to pregnancy. So don t blame yourself for doing something wrong. To lessen the amount of separation, you should try to get your Transverse Abdominis (TvA) as strong...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Exercise after delivery, exercise after pregnancy, postpartum exercise
exercise after pregnancy, postpartum exercise, C-section: Once your scar completely heals, which usually occurs by six weeks post-op, you can start with postnatal abdominal core reconditioning. Scar tissue is very strong and you do not need to worry about injury to the area or the incision opening up. Some women...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Future Pregnancy, core exercises, prenatal exercise
core exercises, prenatal exercise, exercise during pregnancy: Sorry, I clicked the wrong button. You can do quite a bit to strengthen your core and build stability before your next pregnancy, and then work to maintain that core strength during pregnancy to protect your back. Many women love the exercises in my...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Getting pregnant after a c section concerns, togeter, first kid
ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Getting pregnant after a c section concerns, togeter, first kid, docter

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Sore quads/glutes, second pregnancy, sciatic nerve
ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Sore quads/glutes, second pregnancy, sciatic nerve, sore leg muscles

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: face cream during pregnancy, estee lauder resilience lift, lavender oil
estee lauder resilience lift, lavender oil, elizabeth arden: While topical vitamin A and other Retinols should not be used during pregnancy, you don t need to panic. The amounts that are in over the counter products are very small, so I m sure that you have not harmed your developing baby in any way. If either of these...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: What's happening to me??!!, negative pregnancy tests, heather heather
negative pregnancy tests, heather heather, pregnancy cramping: Heather, While both tests may be accurate in detecting that you are not pregnant, this could also be because it is too soon to tell. While preparing for a baby mentally you are unknowingly tricking your body into believing it is by wanting it so badly....

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: hardness in tummy, placental abruption, slim women
placental abruption, slim women, wks: Dear marisa If this hardness is something that happened recently within 1-2 days, then it can be something serious known as placental abruption. The good thing is, in slim women, the head, which is normally hard, can be identified as hard object in the...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: hello, good luck good luck, transvaginal ultrasound
good luck good luck, transvaginal ultrasound, period 4: Dear Erica This complaint can be due to many reasons. The most serious is ectopic pregnancy. Most of the time ectopic presents with atypical menstruation and backpain. Therefore i would advise for a transvaginal ultrasound to exclude this possibility as...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Large subchronic hemorrhage, yolk sac, hcg test
yolk sac, hcg test, subchronic hemorrhage: I am very sorry for your loss. A D&C would be the best and the safest course of action. There is a possibility that you could develop an infection or other complications by trying to have a natural spontaneous abortion. At this point, given your history and...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: lsil/hpv, LSIL, HPV
LSIL, HPV: Dear Amber, Squamous intraepithelial lesion (SIL) is a term that is used to describe abnormal changes in the cells on the surface of the cervix. The word squamous describes thin, flat cells that form the outer surface of the cervix. The word lesion refers...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Miren IUD, mirena iud, hormone fluctuations
mirena iud, hormone fluctuations, hormonal symptoms: Dear Andrea, If the Mirena was removed four months ago, you should be starting to feel a reduction in the hormonal symptoms which you described. Those symptoms are typically related to hormone fluctuations. Are you on any other type of hormonal birth control...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Post pregnancy pouch, exercise after pregnancy, postpartum exercise
exercise after pregnancy, postpartum exercise, abdominal separation: Both my book, Exercise After Pregnancy: How to Look and Feel Your Best and my award winning DVD Bounce Back Fast! Post Natal Core Conditioning have detailed descriptions on abdominal separation/diastasis recti, and corrective exercises. Since you are...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Postpartum Pain, postpartum period, anal pain
postpartum period, anal pain, old baby: You are experiencing an unusual amount of pain, as well as a variety of symptoms that need to be checked out by your OBGYN. I can understand why you don t want to go to the doctor, but in your case it would be much better to know what s going on, and receive...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Pregnancy, false pregnancy test, cervics
false pregnancy test, cervics, spontaneous abortion: Dear Joy, You are really jumping to alot of unnecessary conclusions! As a mother, you should already know that one of the most crucial qualities that a mom must have is patience. You need it over and over and over again throughout the life of a child. This...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Pregnancy, pregnancy implantation bleeding, high risk pregnancy
pregnancy implantation bleeding, high risk pregnancy, delayed period: Dear Marie, At this point, it just is impossible to know what the cause of your bleeding/spotting is. It may be a delayed period or a bit of spotting in a VERY early pregnancy. Implantation bleeding typically takes place 6-12 days after conception which...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Pregnancy and Periods, pregnancy sypmtoms, vaginal secretions
pregnancy sypmtoms, vaginal secretions, sore breasts: Dear Joann, From what you have shared, I would not suspect pregnancy. The clear, abundant vaginal secretions with some abdominal discomfort likely does indicate an early ovulation time for you this cycle. It sounds like maybe your cycles are just a little...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Pregnancy and Rides, amusement park rides, roller coasters
amusement park rides, roller coasters, ferris wheel: Generally, most amusement park rides jostle and bounce the body around quite a bit, and are not advisable for pregnant women. Many of these types of rides will warn pregnant women not to get on. Other rides with rigid harnesses can compress the belly too much....

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Pregnancy risk assessment, pregnancy risk assessment, pre ejaculate
pregnancy risk assessment, pre ejaculate, sperm cells: Dear Collin, The odds would be low. First though, the fact that liquid on your finger had dried was not enough. It really should have been washed with soap and water to be sure. The fact that it dried lessens the chances, but sperm cells are microscopic....

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: post csection pain years later, csection, scar tissue
csection, scar tissue, adhesions: Yes, it sounds normal. Some women develop adhesions, or tissue that connects the scar to underlying tissue, and most likely, this is the source of your discomfort when coughing. Scar tissue is very strong and you do not need to worry about injury or strain...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: pregnancy., urinary stones, last period
urinary stones, last period, unprotected sex: Dear Lauren If this last period on May 12 came out normal in duration and amount , then pregnancy can be excluded as a possibility. Having this bleeding only when peeing raises a possibility that this can be related to the urinary tract....urinary stones...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: my pregnancy, vaginal ultrasound, problems in pregnancy
vaginal ultrasound, problems in pregnancy, gynecological problems: Dear Nina Vaginal ultrasound is accurate in diagnosing Obstetrical and gynecological problems. In pregnancy, falacies occur in the range of more or less of 2 weeks depending on the type of the machine, its resolution and experience of the sonographer...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: pregnancy, vaginal discomfort, body pillow
vaginal discomfort, body pillow, birth canal: In the latter part of the third trimester, it is very common to experience this discomfort. You are in the home stretch now, unfortunately pressure will increase and you will continue to be uncomfortable for a few more weeks. This is all perfectly normal,...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: pregnant?, hormone fluctuations, birth control pill
hormone fluctuations, birth control pill, morning urine: Dear Shayla, Although it is a much better idea (and advised by the manufacturer) to take any birth control pill at approximately the same time every day, you should pretty much remain protected as long as you are not skipping days and not doubling up or...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Getting pregnant after a c section concerns, iron deficiency anemia, emergency c section
iron deficiency anemia, emergency c section, section concerns: Dear Cindy Most research advice a spacing of 2-3 years between pregnancies for the mother to replenish her stores of different nutrition to be able to feed her next baby and to avoid health problems for her such as iron deficiency anemia. Periods less than...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: provera, lack of ovulation, ovulation predictor
lack of ovulation, ovulation predictor, chemical pregnancy: Dear Megan, Changes in your menstrual cycles after a miscarriage or other pregnancy loss are not uncommon. It is a delicate balance of estrogen and progesterone that causes menstruation to occur every month. The estrogen rises in the first half of the cycle....

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Sore quads/glutes, thigh muscles, sore muscles
thigh muscles, sore muscles, hot showers: Your symptoms are unusual, and don t seem to be related to exercise. Since your pain is severe enough that you need medication, I suggest that you consult with your OBGYN for an in depth evaluation and possibly a referral to a Physical Therapist who specilizes...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: soreness, ligament pain, groin pain
ligament pain, groin pain, groin area: Dear Teresa, Groin pain is common discomfort of pregnancy - especially during the 2nd trimester. There are two physical changes that occur with pregnancy that can cause this. The first, and most common, cause is round ligament pain. Round ligament...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: training for 1/2 marathon, exercise during pregnancy, pregnancy fitness
exercise during pregnancy, pregnancy fitness, running during pregnancy: If you are in excellent physical condition, then running a half-marathon at 20 weeks gestation might be feasible. But pregnancy is NOT a time to keep to a rigid training schedule. Fatigue is a common complaint of the first trimester. It s important that...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: trigger shot and missed period, negative pregnancy test, early sign of pregnancy
negative pregnancy test, early sign of pregnancy, sign of pregnancy: Dear Brandy Although a delay in period is taken, in normal conditions, as early sign of pregnancy, it is not so with an irregular period. However pregnancy is still a possibility and a transvaginal ultrasound may be necessary to make a diagnosis. It is...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: tubular pregnancy, tubular pregnancy, doctor appointments
tubular pregnancy, doctor appointments, fallopian tubes: Although this is outside of my area of expertise I can tell you that you need to seek some legal advice. I am not sure what the laws are in the state you reside, however you may have no rights to her medical records or anything other than word of mouth. Please...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Ultrasound Accuracy, conception date, hetherington
conception date, hetherington, piece of mind: Like many things in medicine, ultrasounds are not 100% accurate. They can be off by up to a pound and up to a week early or late in detection. Ultrasound is merely a tool used to get a generalized idea as to how far along mothers are, detections in abnormalities...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: 15 weeks - Light brown spots and discharge on underwear, bleeding in early pregnancy, menstrual cramps
bleeding in early pregnancy, menstrual cramps, sexual intercourse: Dear Erika, Vaginal bleeding/spotting can occur frequently in the 1st trimester of pregnancy and may not be a sign of problems. Bleeding can be a sign of miscarriage but does not mean that miscarriage is imminent. Studies show that anywhere from 20-30%...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: 1st round 50 mg clomid hcg shot, anovulatory, clomid
anovulatory, clomid, ovary: Dear Karishma Yes definitely, there is a chance to get pregnant in the near future. Ovarian factor is the easiest to treat as long as your ovary is capable of producing eggs. I think your doctor will go for trials in the next few cycles with higher doses...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: amniotic band, high risk pregnancy, scar tissue
high risk pregnancy, scar tissue, qestions: Dear amniotic, You might want to talk to your doctor further about whether this is an amniotic sheet or a true amniotic band. Amniotic sheets or folds are common and cause no harm to you or your baby. They are found in about 1/200 pregnancies and are thought...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Blood and mucus in stool during pregnancy, mucus in stool, blood and mucus in stool
mucus in stool, blood and mucus in stool, bloody show: Dear Deborah, I am wondering if you noted the blood and mucus upon wiping or actually attached to the stool itself, as there would be a difference. If it was upon wiping, I would suspect that it was some bloody show with the loss of part or all of your...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: belly shaping after pregnancy, postparatum abdominal exercises, belly wraps
postparatum abdominal exercises, belly wraps: While postpartum belly shapers or modified girdles are sold and used by some, I do not recommend their regular use. In fitness, out mantra is don t wear a girdle, build a girdle. This means starting postpartum reconditioning with your deepest abdominal...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Chemical Pregnancy or Late Period?, ovulation test strips, pregnancy test strips
ovulation test strips, pregnancy test strips, short luteal phase: Dear Lily, In the first half of your menstrual cycle, lots of things are going on including various hormonal fluctuations to prepare the egg for ovulation and ultimately to actually cause ovulation itself. In the luteal phase, the major hormonal event is...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Conception Date, week fetus, vaginal ultrasound
week fetus, vaginal ultrasound, accurate measurement: Dear Courtney, In general, ultrasound dating of a pregnancy is more accurate than dating using the date of the mother s last menstrual period. The biometric crown-rump measurement (CRL) of the six to 12-week fetus provides the MOST accurate measurement...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Conception date, week fetus, accurate measurement
week fetus, accurate measurement, conception date: Dear Katie, Simply...No. Not possible. A fertilized egg will not lay dormant. From the moment it implant in the uterus, it begins to develop. If it didn t, it would die. Additionally, ultrasound dating of a pregnancy - especially done within the first...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Conception date, worst case scenario, katie dear
worst case scenario, katie dear, conception date: Dear Katie, Unfortunately, I don t find the original question and there are other questions with the same title. Also, I have unfortunately been dealing with a personal family crisis which has kept me away from my computer for over a week. I wish I could...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: c section complications, incision hematoma
incision hematoma: Dear Erin, This type of hematoma occurring after a C-section does not happen often, but does happen. Put simply, it is when some bleeding occurs between the tissues - kind-of between the space between the muscles and the cavity where all your organs are...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: is my case medical neglect ?, emergency c section, medical neglect
emergency c section, medical neglect, sleeping pills: This is outside of my area of expertise in all honesty, it would almost be a conflict of interest. This is what I can tell you from my own personal knowledge. It is very common, especially with twins, to exhaust all possible resources to sustain a pregnancy...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: castro oil questions, castro oil, mylicon drops
castro oil, mylicon drops, 80 effaced: Dear Amaya, More than likely the castor oil has nothing to do with the symptoms you, or your baby, are currently experiencing. The castor oil would have been processed through your system long ago. The immature digestive system of infants is very delicate...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: clampsia?, 3rd trimester of pregnancy, pitting edema
3rd trimester of pregnancy, pitting edema, swelling in the feet: Dear Leizyl, Swelling in the feet and ankles, as well as increased fatigue, would be expected during the 3rd trimester of pregnancy. These are not necessarily symptoms that you/she should have any great concern about. If she were having any issues with...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: crazy life! help....., conception date, term hope
conception date, term hope, shante: Dear Shante, Again, if 9/24/08 had been the conception date, your baby would have been due 6/17/09 and it would have been very obvious that you were delivering a very OVER due baby on 7/2. MANY babies are born before the due date. In fact, anytime after...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: ectopic pregnancies?, hormone fluctuations, intrauterine pregnancy
hormone fluctuations, intrauterine pregnancy, sore breasts: Dear Danielle, One week after conception would make you approximately three weeks pregnant (FYI) - and yes, that would be pretty early to have symptoms related to a pregnancy, although it has happened before. The symptoms you describe are hormonal in nature...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Female Reproduction/Anatomy, inserting a tampon, loss of virginity
inserting a tampon, loss of virginity, gyn examination: Dear Kenneth, I m sorry for the delay - family crisis. Although typically there can be remnants seen, I would not say that that would hold true 100% of the time. And there have been unusual cases where there was no hymen detected at all in known virgins....

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Firm, rounded belly post pregnancy-twins, postpartum belly, round tummy
postpartum belly, round tummy: Yeah, being asked when the baby is due when you re not pregnant is the worst, especially when you teach fitness classes! It s great that your abdominal separation resolved on its own, after twins no less, so give yourself some major points there. I...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: ectopic pregnancies?, ectopic pregnancies, fertility drugs
ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: ectopic pregnancies?, ectopic pregnancies, fertility drugs, dawn

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: muscle spasms in back, ace bandage, back rubs
ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: muscle spasms in back, ace bandage, back rubs, rib cage

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: feelings, family crisis, personal family
family crisis, personal family, 5 months: Dear Tiffany, Yes, most likely that is the movement of the baby that you are feeling - a kick, an elbow, a push of a hand, etc,... Eventually, you will be able to see it as well. when you begin to feel it, place your hand over the spot on your belly where...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: fetal heart rate drop, fetal heart rate, emergency ultrasound
fetal heart rate, emergency ultrasound, random readings: Dear Jennifer, Sometimes the fetal heart rate can drop suddenly like that if the cord gets compressed - they have it in their little hand and squeeze it or if they are lying on it awkwardly and move they may squish it momentarily, etc,... As long as the...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: fetal movements and cord, risky pregnancy, fetal movements
risky pregnancy, fetal movements, fetal movement: Dear Syeda, Babies move around almost continuously during the last half of the pregnancy. Nuchal cord (cord around the neck) is caused by movement of the fetus through a loop of cord. It is actually fairly common - one loop around the neck occurs in approximately...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: My first period, breastfeeding weaning, oral birth control
breastfeeding weaning, oral birth control, pre pregnancy: Dear Gen, After breastfeeding/weaning it is not unusual for your body to take a few cycles to get regulated again into a normal cyclic pattern similar to what you had pre-pregnancy - and some never quite do. But because it is possible to ovulate before...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: group B strep and c-sections, group b strept, losing your mucus plug
group b strept, losing your mucus plug, group b strep: Dear Elizabeth Many doctors do not go for group B strept testing in many parts of the world. For the united states, i guess the opposite is true, Im sure that a minority do not ask for it. If you go into spontaneous vaginal labor or your membranes, ruptured,...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Hormonal problems?, high prolactin level, pregnancy urine test
high prolactin level, pregnancy urine test, pre ejaculation: Dear Angel Your main problem is related to your high prolactin level. There is no possibility to be pregnant after all these tests. Many drugs are available to normalize prolactin level and I suggest u consult your local doctor for the drug available in...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: hcg levels, yolk sac, tilted uterus
yolk sac, tilted uterus, blighted ovum: Dear Lisa, A tilted uterus can make things a bit more difficult to visualize, but I cannot explain the discrepancy to you. If, in fact, the hCG level DID drop, that is typically a sign that the pregnancy may not be a healthy one and can indicate an impending...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Incompotent Cervix, cerclage, bedrest
cerclage, bedrest, bed rest: Dear Liz I do not see a reason why not happen again. If you want another baby, there is no reason not to give it a try. I disagree with your Ob. Chances of success should be better with a singleton. I advise you to seek a detailed examination with another...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Mild pain, c section recovery, rehab exercises
c section recovery, rehab exercises, lower abdomen: Many women experience tenderness in the lower abdomen for several months after a C, and since your describe yours as mild, I don t think you have anything to worry about. Since you are almost 8 weeks post surgery, your stitches have healed and your connective...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Missed period negative HPT, estrogen dominance, thyroid dysfunction
estrogen dominance, thyroid dysfunction, excessive alcohol: Dear Martine, I would suspect that your longer cycles are likely due to a bit of a hormonal imbalance - as most cycle irregularities are. This happens occasionally for all women - even those who are usually like clockwork , especially as we get closer...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: muscle spasms in back, rib pain during pregnancy
rib pain during pregnancy: Because of the alignment changes of pregnancy, mid back pain/rib cage pain is common. As the belly expands the ribs expand to make more room for your lungs. This can also contribute to mid back pain. Try the constructive rest position for pregnancy. Lie...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: I need help., birth control pills, ortho tri cyclen
birth control pills, ortho tri cyclen, fertility specialist: Dear Kenya, Unfortunately, for women in your situation it can be a difficult and frustrating process trying to conceive. However...NOT impossible. You are taking the correct steps in seeking the advice of your physician, and depending upon his/her expertise,...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: i need a little help please, morning urine, bcps
morning urine, bcps, head thanks: Dear Pamela, The symptoms you are describing are hormonal and could be related to the BCPs or to a pregnancy. However, if you started taking the BCPs when you typically do (either the 1st day of a period of the Sunday after a period begins), the chances...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Ovulated, no period yet, pregnancy kit showed negative, urine pregnancy test, pregnancy kit
urine pregnancy test, pregnancy kit, morning urine: Dear Sajith, Typically, any alteration in the menstrual cycle is related to a hormonal imbalance of one sort or another. But if you ovulated around cycle day 15 and it is just now cycle day 33, you are only about 4 days late for a period. This would be...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Period lasted 1 day, birth control pills, symptoms of early pregnancy
birth control pills, symptoms of early pregnancy, liver metabolism: Dear Victoria, Alcohol may interfere with the hormonal balance and reproductive function either directly, by activating or inhibiting the actual production and/or release of hormones, or indirectly, by changing liver metabolism of the hormones. There have...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Post pregnancy stomach, postnatal exercise, postparatum pouch
postnatal exercise, postparatum pouch, twins: Twins stretch out the abs much more than a singleton and it takes longer to rebuild strength and good tone because the road is longer. On top of this, moms of twins are much busier, stressed, and sleep deprived than moms of singles. Adding to this you have...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Pregancy, home pregnancy test, transvaginal ultrasound
home pregnancy test, transvaginal ultrasound, mood swings: Dear Melissa It is a very remote possibility that you are pregnant after 13 years of coagulating your tubes. Having a transvaginal ultrasound is the best way to exclude pregnancy. A home pregnancy test can be useful if you are 2 weeks late after your...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: periods, negative pregnancy tests, dear teresa
negative pregnancy tests, dear teresa, moderate flow: Dear Teresa, Thank you very much for the compliment and I appreciate your faith in me! :-) I concur with your doctor completely. If you had conceived a pregnancy on 4/24/09, you would have been approximately 13 weeks along on 7/10/09. Your doctor would...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: periods, first pelvic exam, negative pregnancy tests
first pelvic exam, negative pregnancy tests, moderate flow: Dear Sue, I do believe I just answered this same question - different name though, so I will make sure and and re-send the answer... I concur with your doctor completely. If you had conceived a pregnancy on 4/24/09, you would have been almost 13 weeks...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: pregnancy, ultrasound exam, proper diagnosis
ultrasound exam, proper diagnosis, best of luck: Dear Jackie No. It is not normal. You need to have a sonographic examination for proper diagnosis. It may be a sign for threatened abortion. Meanwhile, till you have your ultrasound exam done, it is better to avoid excercise, household activites, sex...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: pregnancy, food cravings, tender breasts
food cravings, tender breasts, pregnancy symptom: Dear Susan, Typical symptoms related to early pregnancy such as: - Delayed or missed menstruation (the most common pregnancy symptom) - Swollen or tender breasts - Fatigue/Tiredness - Nausea or morning sickness - Headaches - Lower backaches...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Could I be pregnant?, home pregnancy tests, serum beta hcg
home pregnancy tests, serum beta hcg, home pregnancy test: Dear Cate, Typically a home pregnancy test will be able to detect the hCG hormone in urine well before 14 weeks after a potential conception date. And the symptoms you are experiencing are hormonal in nature and can also be related to the hormones in the...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Could I be pregnant, even though I have crucial irregularity with my period?, early pregnancy, irregular cycles
early pregnancy, irregular cycles, conception date: Dear Sharmanique, Simply having irregular cycles does not make it impossible for you to become pregnant. It actually causes you to be more protective if you do NOT want to conceive because you never know when you might be ovulating. The symptoms you...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Rhogam, rh immune globulin, rh positive pregnancy
rh immune globulin, rh positive pregnancy, red blood cells: Dear Linda, Rh incompatibility occurs only if you are Rh negative and your baby is Rh positive. In most cases, development of antibodies (sensitization) can be prevented, but if antibodies are formed, they will cross the placenta and can cause serious damage...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: No Sac in 6 weeks, irregular period, dominant follicle
irregular period, dominant follicle, 4th july: Dear Pooja, It is very difficult for me to answer your question. First - I am not familiar with the medications used. These are not medications that are used in the U.S. Typically, there is not alot that can be done when a miscarriage is imminent in the...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Specific Exercises?, folic acid supplements, fetal health
folic acid supplements, fetal health, maternal health: There are no specific exercises to help you conceive. If you do not get pregnant by the end of one year, then you should consider infertility testing to find out what s going on. Since you are trying to become pregnant, now is the time to start folic acid...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: sorry another pregnancy question, lower backache, pregnancy question
lower backache, pregnancy question, best guess: Dear Necola, LOL...for someone who isn t crazily trying to get pregnant, you seem really anxious about this! :-) Here s the thing... the symptoms you describe are hormonal in nature and can also be related to hormone fluctuations within your cycle....

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Can i still get pregnant after being on depo provera?, depo provera, fertile time
depo provera, fertile time, body time: Dear Cassie, If you have resumed normal, regular menstrual cycles, you should be fertile and able to conceive. The most fertile time of your cycles will be cycle days 10-21 - particularly CDs 11-17. I typically suggest that couples who are actively trying...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: what are unsafe exercises if TTC?, yoga during pregnancy
yoga during pregnancy: Since you re not pregnant yet, you do not need to modify your exercise routine. After you become pregnant, you will need to modify your yoga once your belly pops out, generally around the 3rd or 4th month. Many women choose to switch in a specialized prenatal...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: vagina afterf pregnancy, natural lubrication, sexual intimacy
natural lubrication, sexual intimacy, dense tissue: Labial tears are possible during delivery. And if you had one, most likely your OBGYN would have stitched the tissue back into position. But you don t say why you needed stitches or where they were put in. Many women in the USA undergo an episiotomy during...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Walking while pregnant, walking during the last trimester
walking during the last trimester: Walking will provide a lot of health benefits, including increasing circulation, boosting mood, and improving the quality of you sleep (which you should get a lot of now, while you can) but will not induce labor. The start of labor is due to your body s...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: could i?, morning urine, conception date
morning urine, conception date, accurate results: Dear Gabby, Although some tests claim accuracy on the first day of a missed period, I usually suggest that women wait until the week after a missed or spotty period before testing for pregnancy, which is usually about three weeks after a potential conception...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: blood in urine at 26 weeks, blood cell count, pelvic ultrasound
blood cell count, pelvic ultrasound, white blood cell: Dear Tim Your wife have to be sure first that this blood is coming from her urethra and is not a vaginal bleeding that may occur accidentaly during urination and be mistaken for bloody urine. The most importnat cause for bloody urine is renal stone and...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: cycle, aloe vera juice, proper exercise
aloe vera juice, proper exercise, exercise bike: Riding a bike is a non-weight bearing activity and therefore less stressful on the joints then other forms of exercise. Bike riding will also strengthen your thighs, which in many cases, cures knee pain. Aerobic exercise, like bike riding, also raises metabolism...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Diastasis and TVA, diastasis, finger widths
diastasis, finger widths, glutes: First off, a mid line that measures less than 2 finger-widths is not wide enough to be considered a diastasis. So that s good news. Sometimes muscles do become quiescent, meaning that they don t engage when they should. (This can occur for various reasons.)...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Exercise/Workout, exercise during pregnancy, pregnancy fitness
exercise during pregnancy, pregnancy fitness: Since your activity level is generally very high, you can continue moderate to strenuous workouts until about the 20th week of pregnancy. (You did not loose that much fitness from the 2 months that you didn t exercise.) From there on out, slowly taper down...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Failure in labor in both pregnancy's, vaginal deliveries, second pregnancy
vaginal deliveries, second pregnancy, water bags: Dear Mary here are the answers for your questions: 1- Yes you can have a surgery to untie your tube but chances for success is 50% or less. 2-Your next delivery will be a Cesarean. The scar in your uterus from previous surgery makes uterus liable to...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: POSTPARTUM EXERCISES, deep breathing exercises, postpartum exercises
deep breathing exercises, postpartum exercises, pregnancy period: Twin pregnancies/double baby care is exponentially harder than a singleton. And you re right organization is key. So work on that first. Take it one step at a time. Don t try to make lots of changes at once, you ll just get overwhelmed. Sleep is critically...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Postnatal exercises, diastasis, abdominal separation
diastasis, abdominal separation, postpartum exercises: With the exercises that you mention, it depends on your level of core control. For The Egg, try one with a very small range of motion. If you can maintain a perfectly flat abdominal wall throughout, then OK, but if your abs bulge outward, even a little,...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Straddle Injury., groin pull, thigh strain
groin pull, thigh strain, inner thigh: I m not sure what you mean by straddle injury. For me that would mean a groin pull, or inner thigh strain, or possibly pubis sprain. It sounds like you friend might have fallen on something, and bruised her vulva, yes/no? But either way, she should see...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: sleeping on back after 13 weeks, Supine Hypotensive Disorder, positional low blood pressure during pregnancy
Supine Hypotensive Disorder, positional low blood pressure during pregnancy: The question of lying, sleeping, and exercising on the back has been studied and in all instances, arterial blood flow to the placenta is not significantly impacted. It had been theorized that the vena cava, the largest vein in the body, might be compressed...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: slow rising hcg levles, beta hcg levels, resolution ultrasound
beta hcg levels, resolution ultrasound, ultrasound machine: Dear Jennifer These levels definitely deviates from the normal hCG rising levels with increasing duration of pregnancy. However, in 10-15% of normal pregnancies, there is abnormal pattern of hCG rise. My advise is to have a transvaginal ultraound to rule...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: umbilical hernia and abdominal separation, diastasis, abdominal separation
diastasis, abdominal separation, umbilical hernia: Most doctors will want to wait to repair both an umbilical hernia and abdominal separation until a women is done having children. But in your case, your hernia is causing you problems now, so it s a good idea to get the surgery. In rare instances, herniated...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: 36 weeks with my first baby i had odd symptoms this weekend im very confused about., beta strep test, braxton hicks contractions
beta strep test, braxton hicks contractions, mucus plug: Hi Corrina, I agree with the doctor you spoke to. It is your body preparing for birth, and it s nothing to worry about. Stretching or a warm bath works really well. Another thing to try is to shower on hands and knees allowing the water to hit you in the...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: 37 weeks with pain in my groin, high heeled shoes, groin pain
high heeled shoes, groin pain, veterinary nurse: Hi Dana, It could either be your nerves being pressed on or your body preparing for birth. Your body is running high with hormones such as progesterone and relaxin which have a loosening effect on your muscles, joints, and ligaments. This process helps...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: 38 week and lots of cramping, back pain and brownish discharge, brownish discharge, lower back pain
brownish discharge, lower back pain, bloody discharge: Hi Jessica, I believe you are in slow labor. It is common to have a brownish, bloody discharge within 24 hours of a vaginal exam or intercourse. I also believe you are experiencing progressing contractions. They re usually felt in the abdomen, back, or...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Abdominal separation Qs and ballet/hula :), abdominal separation, diastasis recti
abdominal separation, diastasis recti, exercise after pregnancy: The goal of diastasis rehab is to close the gap to less than 2 finger widths, so congratulations (yeah!) you ve done it. You can progress to all other types of exercises. As you do this, you might want to consider pushing your mid line together with your...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Blood clots after C section, deep venous thrombosis, preventive measure
deep venous thrombosis, preventive measure, blood clot: Hi Megan, It is rare to have a blood clot after a c-section but it is a possibility after any surgery. After a c-section, one place that clots can form is in the veins of the leg. This is called a deep venous thrombosis. These are more likely to occur in...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Cycle after D&C TTC again, blighted ovum, abnormal type
blighted ovum, abnormal type, panty liner: Dear Amanda The incidence of sporadic abortion varies between 10-15% in normal healthy women. Therefore this is something you should not worry about especially coz you had 2 normal previous pregnancies. You started your clomid on August 13 and usually...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: c-section fear, panic and anxiety, opinoin
panic and anxiety, opinoin, anxiety disorder: Dear Crystal, I think you should have faith in your doctor. :-) There are many women who have had four C-sections and done fine. As long as you keep yourself as healthy as possible, all should go fine. And I would definitely recommend losing the smokes....

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: chlamydia/gonnorhea, gonnorhea, pelvic infection
gonnorhea, pelvic infection, current boyfriend: Hi Renee, It is possible that your boyfriend has not been unfaithful. Sometimes tests can give false positive results. Also, chlamydia can be carried for up to 4 years, maybe longer. Most likely your husband has had other partners, if you have not...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: dates/ultrasound, negative pregnancy test, having an abortion
negative pregnancy test, having an abortion, regular period: Dear Claire, OK - unfortunately, the information is rather confusing and I ve read through it twice. :-) So, here s the thing... It would have been very unlikely for you to have conceived on the day before a regular period started if it was a normal period...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Episiotomy defect, intercourse pain, secondary intention
intercourse pain, secondary intention, painful intercourse: Dear Yayra The gap is definitely a defect that should be repaired. However, it is not advised to be repaired unless 3 months after delivery. Since you had the episeotomy 4 moths ago, it is time to repair. Repair consists of excising the excess scar tissue...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: e antigen, red blood cells, rh incompatibility
red blood cells, rh incompatibility, blood transfusion: Dear Rachel, The e-antigen is a really complex and difficult thing to understand - and also to try to explain, so bear with me. The e-antigen is part of the Rh component - the part that indicates positive or negative blood type. Many people who have tested...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: ethylene gas/pregnancy, plastic storage container, pregnancy question
plastic storage container, pregnancy question, loss of consciousness: Hi Sheri, This would have been due to the ethylene in your central nervous system. Headaches and weakness are common with small amounts as well as large amounts. I don t believe you would have been affected. However if you are still worried go to your doctor...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: exercise while trying to conceive, home pregnancy test, blighted ovum
home pregnancy test, blighted ovum, answer exercise: At implantation, the embryo is anywhere from 16 to 32 cells, so no, if you did take a fall from a skateboard, it would not have any effect on whether or not implantation will or will not happen. But it does sound like you have concerns over the issue, so...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Doing your exercises with existing prolapses, prolapse and exercise
prolapse and exercise: My exercises are generally safe for prolapse. The three exercises that roll the upper body off the floor (in the second workout) are the ones you need to be careful with. If when doing these, your abdominal wall bulges outward (particularly on the Yoga Abs)...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: First period after early Miscarriage, hgc levels, menstral symptoms
hgc levels, menstral symptoms, tender breasts: Dear Stephanie This seems to be a case of an incomplete miscarriage where some of the conception products were expelled and few might be still retained inside your uterus. I advise a transvaginal ultrasound by an experienced sonographer to excluse the...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Foul smelling discharge, bacterial vaginosis, vaginal bacteria
bacterial vaginosis, vaginal bacteria, bv: Hi Melissa, I believe your daughter may be suffering from bacterial vaginosis(BV). When an imbalance of vaginal bacteria occurs, the result is the development of bacterial vaginosis. BV causes the discharge to be thin and cloudy, varying from gray to yellow...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Pregnancy problems and lovenox
ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Pregnancy problems and lovenox

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: female issues, ear fullness, pre pregnancy
ear fullness, pre pregnancy, hi doc: Hi Meaghan, You may have an STI, or if you are taking birth control it could be that. Sometimes women bleed non stop after pregnancy without any cause, unfortunately. Visit your doctor for tests. Also you will need to see a neurologist as that is out of...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: fertility, timing intercourse, fertility charting
timing intercourse, fertility charting, eating a healthy diet: Hi Ceciley, Yes, base your cycle length on your last period. Have as much sex as you can, it increases the chances, I recommend about 3 times a week when you are most fertile. I also recommend using ovulation predictor kits. And also charting your temperature,...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: fetal demise, fetal demise, bicornuate uterus
fetal demise, bicornuate uterus, fetal circulation: Hi Stephanie, I m sorry for your loss. Unfortunately sometimes there is no reason for fetal demise, it is just unexplained which I believe is the case for you. Infection is a high risk for the fetus. Bacterial infections where bacteria enters through the...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: frank breech pregnancy, breech pregnancy, breech babies
breech pregnancy, breech babies, frank breech: Hi Jennifer, You don t really need to be concerned especially as you still have a while to go in your pregnancy. Most breech babies turn head-down by the last few weeks of pregnancy. If your baby stubbornly remains breech as delivery approaches, you and...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Heart rate and effects on baby, normal heart rate, high heart rate
normal heart rate, high heart rate, 140 bpm: Hi Monika, On average during pregnancy the heart rate goes around 90 beats per minute. Any change from a normal heart rate should be reported to your doctor. However unless it is associated with chest pain, hard breathing or uncontrollable sweats then it...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: h1n1, flu vaccines, health concerns
flu vaccines, health concerns, lack of knowledge: Hi Jessica, This is a hard one, with lack of knowledge of the effects on pregnant women it is hard to say. If you have no existing health concerns then I would say no, just wash your hands and be extra careful. However if there are existing health concerns...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: hCG levels and heartbeat, yolk sac, blighted ovum
yolk sac, blighted ovum, hcg level: Hi Sarah, Your dates do not sound accurate to me, a HCG level of 1029 is usually around 4 weeks 4 days, so there is a chance that you ovulated late. At 5 weeks it is hard to see anything so this is normal. The something you should see is a small ball with...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Implications of very high HCG, molar pregnancy, fetal demise
molar pregnancy, fetal demise, carrying twins: Hi Anne, This is high but not any cause for concern. There is a chance that you are carrying twins, or that you ovulated early because your HCG levels indicate a pregnancy for 4 weeks 3 days. Only an ultrasound will tell. Good luck with your pregnancy...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Late period, can I be pregnant, serum beta hcg, urine pregnancy test
serum beta hcg, urine pregnancy test, test serum: Dear Skye, If the ejaculation was on your thigh and he or you did not transfer the semen from there to your vagina with your hand or anything else, the odds of pregnancy are extremely low. Typically, a urine pregnancy test will come back positive about...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: LH Surge, fertile mucus, cervical mucus
fertile mucus, cervical mucus, lh levels: Hi Amber, I believe your timing was correct. An IUI performed 24 hours before or after ovulation has the best chances of conception. The catheter loosens cervical mucus and lets it come out more easily. It is common to see more fertile mucus after an IUI...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Losing Weight after a C-Section, abs after pregnancy, weight loss
abs after pregnancy, weight loss: Don t start with crunches or sit-ups, they create more problems then they solve after pregnancy. For you abs, you need to rehab from the inside out, and start by strengthening your deepest abdominal muscle, your Transverse Abdominis, or TvA. For details...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: LSIL, low grade squamous intraepithelial lesion, squamous intraepithelial lesion
low grade squamous intraepithelial lesion, squamous intraepithelial lesion, human papillomavirus hpv infection: Dear Bobbie, Here is some information regarding LSIL: Squamous intraepithelial lesion (SIL) is a term that is used to describe abnormal changes in the cells on the surface of the cervix. The word squamous describes thin, flat cells that form the...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: lactation, women breasts, transvaginal ultrasound
women breasts, transvaginal ultrasound, early pregnancy: Dear Laura Pregnancy should first be excluded. pregnancy tests may not be sensitive enough if you are early in pregnancy and a transvaginal ultrasound is a better option to diagnose early pregnancy. However, in a minority of women, breasts do not dry up...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Mirena, sore breasts, home pregnancy
sore breasts, home pregnancy, pregnancy test: Hi Angie, There is a possibility that you are pregnant. Go to your doctor for a blood test. If you are pregnant, you did not have enough HCG to show a positive pregnancy test, some women test negative through 2 or 3 tests and a blood test is positive. Morning...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Period, pregnancy test, hormonal imbalance
pregnancy test, hormonal imbalance, vaginal bleeding: Hi Jess, Many women report having their period while pregnant, but typically this is not the case. The reason why this cannot be is that pregnancy and menstruation cannot take place at the same time. If you were pregnant and you began menstruating you would...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Post Mirena problems, breakthrough bleeding, mirena coil
breakthrough bleeding, mirena coil, heavy flow: Hi Bella, I believe you have a hormonal imbalance which has caused all of your bleeding. Breakthrough bleeding is a common side effect of provera so chances are you may bleed more, also provera may stop your period completely. I do think you should have...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Pregancy after Classical C-section, onset of labor, classic c
onset of labor, classic c, pregancy: Hi Quella, It takes your uterus a minimum of 6 months to heal after a c-section. If you stretch the uterus with another pregnancy before it is healed you risk the chance of uterine rupture which could cause you to loose the baby and possibly your uterus....

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Pregnancy Difficulties?, lower abdomen pains, pregnancy difficulties
lower abdomen pains, pregnancy difficulties, ligament pain: Hi Patcricia, Some women experience lower abdominal pain or cramping further along in their pregnancy. This may be a sign that your uterus is stretching, but may also be a sign of premature labor. Pre-term labor is typically characterized by regular abdominal...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Pregnancy problems and lovenox, pulmonary embolism, pregnancy problems
pulmonary embolism, pregnancy problems, healthy snacks: Hi Elizabeth, This is a little out of my expertise however through experience I have seen this before and you have the symptoms of a pulmonary embolism. I cannot say for sure that you have this but you urgently need to see a doctor as this could be dangerous...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Pushing During Vaginal Delivery, chiari malformation, valsalva maneuver
chiari malformation, valsalva maneuver, pregnant females: Hi Trish, There are different options for birth. For example laboring down which can be used if there are no complications, this is allowing your body to push the baby out on its own. Not really assisting the pushing efforts of the uterus, unless you have...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: p.i.d, pelvic inflammatory disease, fallopian tubes
pelvic inflammatory disease, fallopian tubes, reproductive organs: Hi Ariana, Pelvic inflammatory disease causes inflammation and infection. Scar tissue can form in and around the fallopian tubes or damage other reproductive organs. If you caught it early, most likely you won t become infertile. When it is left untreated,...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: no period, methods of birth control, birth control
methods of birth control, birth control, ultrasound: Hi Peyton, That is a long time to not have your period. You should make an appointment with your doctor. Stress can affect periods. Sometimes we re so stressed out that our body decreases the amount of a hormone, which causes us to not ovulate or menstruate....

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: positive pregnancy tests, pregnancy hormone, pregnancy tests
pregnancy hormone, pregnancy tests, last period: Hi Ashley, There is a possibility that you were pregnant and had a miscarriage, but I cannot be sure online. You need to visit your doctor for an ultrasound to determine if you are/were pregnant or not. If you did have a miscarriage theres a chance you...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: postive ffn test, high risk pregnancy, negative test result
high risk pregnancy, negative test result, ffn test: Dear Ashley, Fetal fibronectin (fFN) is a protein produced during pregnancy and functions as a biological glue, attaching the fetal sac to the uterine lining. During the first trimester and for about half of the second trimester (up to 22 weeks of gestation),...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: pregnancy, mcdonald cerclage, vaginal discharge during pregnancy
mcdonald cerclage, vaginal discharge during pregnancy, discharge during pregnancy: Hi Acosta, You need to schedule an appointment with your doctor as you are at increased risk of pre-term labor and the pain you are experiencing worries me. However it may turn out to be a urinary tract infection. It s common to have more vaginal discharge...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: pregnancy, lower back pain, pelvic area
lower back pain, pelvic area, vaginal discharge: Hi Christy, If your waters do not break then it could be due to the position of the baby or that your contractions aren t strong enough. I cannot be sure of when you will deliver, sorry. Look out for any changes in vaginal discharge, contractions, pressure...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: pregnancy with 6.97 cm cyst in ovary, cyst in ovary, tour question
cyst in ovary, tour question, weeks of pregnancy: Dear Mohammad The answer of tour question is really complicated and the decision is yours after doctors inforn you of the advantages and disadvantages of both methods. I agree with the second opinion. Complications such as rupture or torsion may occur...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: pregnancy afther 2 C-sections, blood transfusion, lack of oxygen
blood transfusion, lack of oxygen, uterine rupture: Hi Anca, In the most severe form of uterine rupture, where the laceration is large or cuts across the uterine blood vessels, you may hemorrhage and require a blood transfusion, your uterus may not be repairable and must be surgically removed (hysterectomy),...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Return of regular perod after pregnancy, thyroid hormone replacement, ovulation tests
thyroid hormone replacement, ovulation tests, overactive thyroid: Hi Sheree, Because you had no previous thyroid problems, it will have been caused by pregnancy, it is known as Postpartum Thyroiditis. It s well known that the postpartum period can trigger a variety of thyroid and hormonal problems in women who have never...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Severely sore muscles, alignment problem, pinched nerve
alignment problem, pinched nerve, sore muscles: Your pain is unusual and it s too bad that your OBGYN did not take your seriously. From your pain level, it sounds like you might be dealing with a pinched nerve or other alignment problem. I suggest that you consult with either a Chiropractor or Physical...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Small placenta at 33 weeks, movement heart, excercise routine
movement heart, excercise routine, oxygen supply: Dear Rachel, It sounds like the doctor is acting as would be perfectly appropriate. They are going to want to keep a closer eye on the growth, development, movement, heart rate, etc,... of the baby. If they determine that the smaller than normal size of...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Stretch marks, aqua aerobics, aerobics class
aqua aerobics, aerobics class, glucose levels: The development of stretch marks during pregnancy are mostly determined by genetics and somewhat by fitness level. Creams don t work. Save your money and don t buy into the hype. As your daughter is young she has a good chance of avoiding them if she went...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: slight cervical tear, high risk pregnancy, third pregnancy
high risk pregnancy, third pregnancy, ultrasound tech: Hi Michelle, The UTI and the tear will not cause any harm to your baby. You are not considered high risk. During pregnancy more blood flows to your cervix so the area is sensitive and sometimes sex can cause tears, which can cause UTI due to bacteria entering...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: swollen labia- 8 months pregnant, bath bubbles, yeast infection
bath bubbles, yeast infection, vaginal irritation: Hi Gina, Vaginal irritation can be caused by irritants from fabrics as well as ingredients in beauty and feminine care products (such as soaps, body washes, feminine spray, bath bubbles and salts). The chemicals in these can aggravate the skin. It may also...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: symptoms of pregnancy, pregnancy question, symptoms of pregnancy
pregnancy question, symptoms of pregnancy, time and patience: Hi Lindsey, Home pregnancy tests are around 97% accurate when done correctly. However, a blood test is more accurate, but not necessarily more sensitive. The results depend a lot on the lab, methodology and technique of the blood test performed. There could...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Toxemia, proteinuria in pregnancy, molar pregnancy
proteinuria in pregnancy, molar pregnancy, pregnancy induced hypertension: Dear Kristina, Proteinuria in pregnancy, particularly after the 20th week, often suggests the onset of preeclampsia (also called toxemia). Proteinuria without high blood pressure can sometimes indicate other issues going on that simply involve the kidneys,...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Trying to get pregnant, proper health care, hi doc
proper health care, hi doc, loose weight: Hi Ronnie, I m sorry to hear about the loss of your daughter. If you have good control over your diabetes then you should be able to achieve pregnancy. Proper health care before and during pregnancy will help prevent birth defects and other outcomes, such...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: vaccinaiting my baby??, month old baby, mild side
month old baby, mild side, neonatologist: Dear Sarah Although i am not a neonatologist, i am aware that some vaccines are due in the first year of life and in fact, vaccinating your baby will be mostly painless. Side effects would be some fever and/or swelling at the site of vaccination and similar...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: zoloft during pregancy, pregnancy category c, third trimester of pregnancy
pregnancy category c, third trimester of pregnancy, zoloft and pregnancy: Based on what is known about Zoloft and pregnancy, taking the medication while pregnant could potentially harm the developing fetus. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) classifies Zoloft as a pregnancy Category C drug. While a doctor may prescribe...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: zoloft during pregnancy, safe during pregnancy, first few days
safe during pregnancy, first few days, extra care: Hi Lisa, Zoloft is unlikely to increase the risk of birth defects. If you are taking it throughout the pregnancy, your baby may experience some complications for the first few days of life requiring extra care as it will be experiencing withdrawal symptoms....

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: 7-9 weeks pregnancy complications, yolk sac, hcg blood test
yolk sac, hcg blood test, gestational sac: Dear Lin, The gestational sac can typically be visualized as early as 4.5 weeks of gestation and the yolk sac at about 5 weeks. The embryo can usually be observed and measured by about 5.5 weeks. A visible heartbeat can often be seen and detected by ultrasound...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: B12 injections, ovulation induction, hormonal contraceptives
ovulation induction, hormonal contraceptives, 28 days later: Dear Louise This delay in menestruation is probably related to a delay in ovulation which is a frequent occurence after stopping hormonal contraceptives. Vitamin B12 does not help in this situation. What you really need is to make a proper diagnosis of...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: birth control, american college of obstetricians and gynecologists, american college of obstetricians
american college of obstetricians and gynecologists, american college of obstetricians, full bladder: Dear Denielle, All females who are even considering obtaining birth control are considering the possibility of having some kind of sexual contact. So, that is why a Pap smear is recommended for anyone before obtaining birth control - to get a baseline BEFORE...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: brown spotting, serum beta hcg, hormone fluctuations
serum beta hcg, hormone fluctuations, test serum: Dear Kolbi, If you have used no other method of birth control and have been having otherwise unprotected sex, then yes - pregnancy would be a possibility. Every woman is different. Some women can get pregnant within 3 months of coming off the birth control...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: burning/cramping at 33 weeks, ligament pain, groin pain
ligament pain, groin pain, lower abdomen: Dear Rachelle, Groin pain is common discomfort of pregnancy - especially during the 2nd trimester. There are two physical changes that occur with pregnancy that can cause this. The first, and most common, cause is round ligament pain. Round ligament...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: closing rectus diastasis, physio therapy, upper spine
physio therapy, upper spine, transverse abdominis: Your PT is right, diastasis can cause, or exacerbate, back pain. But there are many, often times overlapping, causes for postpartum back pain. As to the 6 month mark, it s best to begin closure of the mid line before that time, when the connective tissues...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Early signs of pregnancy, negative pregnancy test, implantation bleeding
negative pregnancy test, implantation bleeding, signs of pregnancy: Dear Kendall, When you stop taking BCPs in the middle of a cycle, the result often is some breakthrough bleeding - whether it would be the normal time for your period or not. The menstrual cycle relies on a very delicate balance of hormones and when those...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Excersice for severe Back pain in late preg and after, postpartum issues, l4 l5
postpartum issues, l4 l5, disc degenerative disease: Your level of pain, arthritis, and bulging disc indicates that you should see a PT who specializes in both prenatal/postpartum issues and spine/disc problems. Get a referral from you doctor. A steroid injection will reduce swelling and pain, but treats...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: eating disorder and pregnancy, exercise habits, fetal health
exercise habits, fetal health, health and development: Please do not consider becoming pregnant until you are mentally and physically capable of raising a healthy child. Your eating, drinking, and exercise habits could very well have severe negative effects on becoming pregnant, fetal health and development, and...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: B12 injections, family planning clinic, appointment
ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: B12 injections, family planning clinic, appointment

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Gestational Sac No embryo, yolk sac, gestational sac size
yolk sac, gestational sac size, blighted ovum: Dear Dorothy, On the whole, blighted ova pregnancies are considered those in which the placenta (or placental parts) develop but the fetus does not. Often when small, the gestational sac cannot be distinguished from any early normal pregnancy, as there...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: hcg levels, yolk sac, gestational sac
yolk sac, gestational sac, week fetus: Dear Amy, According to the dates you provided, I would calculate that on 2-2-10 you will be approximately 6 weeks along. And actually, that is an ideal (and pretty normal) time to have that first ultrasound done. The gestational sac can typically be visualized...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: im three months pregnant., subchorionic hematoma, steady heart
subchorionic hematoma, steady heart, vaginal bleeding: Dear Jaimie, If your OB doctor did not indicate it was something for you to be concerned about, or that she was concerned about, then I would not worry. It sounds like this might be what is called a subchorionic hematoma. Vaginal bleeding affects 25%...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: irregular mentruation?, retroverted uterus, polycystic ovary syndrome
retroverted uterus, polycystic ovary syndrome, irregular menstrual cycles: Dear Maej, I would suspect that you were diagnosed with Polycystic Ovarian Disease or Syndrome (PCOD or PCOS) and the retroverted part may be that you have a retroverted uterus - which means that your uterus tilts backwards toward the back of the pelvis....

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Latest to get a positive on a home pregnancy test?, home pregnancy test, gonadotrophins
home pregnancy test, gonadotrophins, test material: Dear Erica It should not take more than 2 weeks after your missed period in order to have a positive test if you are pregnant. Home pregnancy test depends on the presence of a hormone called human chorionic gonadotrophins and it detects it maximum at 6...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Loud noise and my baby, loud noise, utero
loud noise, utero, night club: Dear Amanda, Well, obviously it is not something that will bother now - while your baby is still in utero. After the baby is born, you will just need to assess if begins to affect the baby s sleeping patterns. Chances are that if it does not affect your...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Low Progestron levels, progesterone levels, progestron
progesterone levels, progestron, chemical pregnancy: Dear Lisa The doses of clomid can be stepped up in next cycles under close monitoring for follicular growth and estradiol level. There are other options that can be used if clomid failure occurs such as the addition of pregnyl, HMG, FSH and othes. You...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Missed Period On BCP, birth control pills, yaz birth control pills
birth control pills, yaz birth control pills, blighted ovum: Dear Aneika, If you have not had any sexual activity of any kind, then the possibility of pregnancy is out. So, there is no harm at all in re-starting the Yaz. In fact, I would suggest it, since it seemed to be keeping your hormones in a good cyclic pattern...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Missed Period On Pill, birth control pills, yaz birth control pills
birth control pills, yaz birth control pills, blighted ovum: Dear Aneika No one can give an explanation without examining you. It may be simply the few pounds u gained recently, can be age if you are around 40 , can be due to fulty use of the pills or other reasons that should be investigated thoroughly. You need...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: miscarriage, fetus at 6 weeks, signs of ectopic pregnancy
fetus at 6 weeks, signs of ectopic pregnancy, gestational sac: Dear Rachel, Here is the problem with the information you have given me... as I see it, the doctor s concern would be in the hCG level. In a normal, healthy pregnancy the hCG level will double every 48-72 hours. Therefore, if your hCG level was 1500, four...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Nature Identical Progesterone cream and short Luteal Phase, short luteal phase, progesterone deficiency
short luteal phase, progesterone deficiency, progesterone cream: Dear Kat, I m sorry to hear about your difficulties - and your loss. Although I cannot actually prescribe a medication for you, I can tell you that the early miscarriage may have had many potential causes, most likely a genetic one, as you suggested. It...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Possible pregnancy? Or PCOS?, heavy menstrual bleeding, abnormal hair growth
heavy menstrual bleeding, abnormal hair growth, stray hairs: Dear Meagan It is very unusual for a pregnancy test to be negative if measured 6 weeks or more from the first day of your missed period unless there is something wrong with the test such as expired kit, or may be you performed it the wrong way and not as...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Post Natal Tummy, postnatal exercise, mummy tummy
postnatal exercise, mummy tummy, abdominal separation: Many women, both with and without diastasis, end up will large, overly round, still pregnant looking abdomens. Abdominal recovery from c-sections and really big babies like yours do take a little more time, and it sounds like you might have made only a partial...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Post Pregnancy pains, wrist pain, carpal tunnel syndrome during and after pregnancy
wrist pain, carpal tunnel syndrome during and after pregnancy: It sounds like you may be dealing with Carpal Tunnel Syndrome or related repetitive stress injury (RSI), which is common in both pregnancy and postpartum. I do not agree with you doctor that you should medicate and wait it out. In some cases RSI do not...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: my period is a week late, serum beta hcg, home pregnancy test
serum beta hcg, home pregnancy test, test serum: Dear Aspen, Anytime there is unprotected sex, there is the possibility of pregnancy. If you have regular 28 day cycles, you would have been expected to ovulate on/about CD 14-15. So, the sexual encounter on 1-2-10 would have been a time of higher risk for...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: pregnacy, reproductive endocrinologist, baby dear
reproductive endocrinologist, baby dear, last question: Dear Jessica Assuming that your partenr is fertile, having a pillow under the lower part of your back while having sex and avoid immediate movements from bed for 30 minutes lying over the pillow may keep more sperms inside. However, as i explained to you...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: pregnancy, lower abdomen, weeks pregnancy
lower abdomen, weeks pregnancy, household activities: Dear Chas It is not normal to have a sense of pressure in the lower abdomen at 12 weeks pregnancy although not unusual late in pregnancy. I advise you of bed rest for thenext 3 days with avoidance of household activities, sex, sports and any other activities....

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: pregnancy, yolk sac, gestational sac
yolk sac, gestational sac, heart activity: Dear Jessica, We rely on ultrasounds for dating because early ultrasounds are quite accurate in dating pregnancies. As time has passed and we have been able to visualize more and more pregnancies through the years, we have come to know that pregnancies...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: pregnancy, serum beta hcg, hormone fluctuations
serum beta hcg, hormone fluctuations, test serum: Dear Tia, If you have had unprotected sex during the last cycle or two, you cannot dismiss the possibility of pregnancy. The symptoms of pregnancy are hormonal in nature and can also be related to hormone fluctuations within your cycle. That is why...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: pregnancy and elevator, pregnancy week 34, cervical dilation
pregnancy week 34, cervical dilation, 8th month of pregnancy: Dear Rajabi, First, I want to make sure you know I am not Dr. Johnson as you addressed to question to. I am a Registered Nurse in the US, offering assistance to people with questions in the area of pregnancy related issues. As to your question, I m not...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: pregnancy question, week fetus, pregnancy question
week fetus, pregnancy question, accurate measurement: Dear Daniel, In general, ultrasound dating of a pregnancy is more accurate than dating using the date of the mother s last menstrual period. The biometric crown-rump measurement (CRL) of the six to 12-week fetus provides the most accurate measurement -...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: having a pregnancy termination due to medical reasons, pregnancy termination, medical reasons
pregnancy termination, medical reasons, medical necessity: Dear Clarissa, You would need to find out the laws in your state of residence. However, if it is medically necessary, your first visit would be with an OB doctor who will be able to verify the medical necessity and either perform the procedure or refer...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Am I pregnant from precum and just fingering?, estrogen dominance, thyroid dysfunction
estrogen dominance, thyroid dysfunction, sperm cells: Dear Stephanie, If he did not ejaculate, the chances that you would have conceived from that event are very low. Although pre-ejaculate can have sperm cells contained within it, this type of contact does not typically result in a pregnancy. Also... If you...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: very sick/no doctor, 12th week of pregnancy, hyperemesis gravidarum
12th week of pregnancy, hyperemesis gravidarum, nutritional deficiencies: Dear Carrie, Thanks so much for your kind wishes... day by day. :) Unfortunately, some women experience more nausea and vomiting than others during pregnancy - especially the first half of pregnancy. If your LMP began approximately 10-15-09 (since you...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: spotting, hormone fluctuations, stomach area
hormone fluctuations, stomach area, morning urine: Dear Nichole, If you have had unprotected sex during the last cycle or two, you cannot dismiss the possibility of pregnancy. The symptoms you describe are hormonal in nature and can also be related to hormone fluctuations within your cycle. That is...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: trying to get pregnant, ovulation predictor kits, days of ovulation
ovulation predictor kits, days of ovulation, pregnancy rate: Dear Gta I do not think you have a fair chance to get pregnant this cycle. In fact, it is very important not to have pregnancy programmed the way you are trying to do. In many occassions, this worry may stimulate the higher centers in your brain (the hypothalamus)...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: unexpected bleeding, birth control method, ob gyn doctors
birth control method, ob gyn doctors, body time: Dear Alexa, A colored discharge - red, brown, or pink-tinged - is not at all unusual when starting on a new hormonal birth control method. The hormones that are in the birth control affect your body and can sometimes produce that side effect. Depending...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Variable decelerations?, variable decelerations, nuchal cord
variable decelerations, nuchal cord, variable deceleration: Dear Lana Most of the time variable deceleration occurs as a result of compression of the umbilical cord. It may be a normal occurence during labor but when associated with hyperactivity without being in labor may warrant closer monitoring. Hyperactivity...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: vertical c-section, skin incisions, vertical incision
skin incisions, vertical incision, skin incision: Vertical skin incisions are faster, and that s the only reason why they should be done. But while the vertical incision allows for quicker access to the uterus, in most cases the uterus incision is low and transverse. This cuts across the grain of the uterine...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Yeast Infection, workout clothes, yeast infection
workout clothes, yeast infection, yeast infections: Dear Victoria, Yes, you can drink cranberry juice regularly during pregnancy. Fortified cranberry juice can be an excellent source of calcium or vitamin C and contains an array of other nutrients necessary during pregnancy. Unfortunately, drinking cranberry...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Amniocentesis for fetal lung maturity, fetal lung maturity, hemoraging
fetal lung maturity, hemoraging, inducing labor: Dear Marcia Whenever there is a need to hasten lung maturity, we use a course of corticosteroids for 48 hours and then induce delivery as long as there is no contraindication for corticosteroids. Amnicentesis by itself carries the risk of inducing labor...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: confused, psychiatric consultation, postpartum blues
psychiatric consultation, postpartum blues, sleeps 10: Dear Kendra Although many would interpret these symptoms as normal, I have seen many cases who suffer from postpartum blues up to postpartum depression. Excessive sleep can be a sign for depression especially if this is her first baby. Some new mothers...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Excercise after c-section, post natal exercises, exercise after C-section
post natal exercises, exercise after C-section: At 13 months post C-section, you are completely healed and can do all forms of exercise. If you haven t already, make sure that you starting doing core exercises that strengthen your deepest abdominal muscle, the Transverse Abdominis, or TvA. This is key to...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Why is high-impact exercise not recommended?, exercise during pregnancy, aerobic exercise
exercise during pregnancy, aerobic exercise, high impact: To your first Q: when and how you make the appropriate modifications really depends on you, and what feels right/safe. I didn t get in to this in my first answer, but another issue that your body has to deal with is the learning of new and slightly different...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: miscarriage, misscarriage, blood work
misscarriage, blood work, lori: Dear Lori I would be concerned if you had fever around the time of passing this quarter like material, if you continue to have bleeding or spotting or if your next menstruation comes in an unexpected timing. If you experience any of the above you need...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Post-Partum Pooch, abs after pregnancy, postpartum exercise
abs after pregnancy, postpartum exercise, post natal exercise: You had a big baby, and your tummy got huge, so that means your road back to a toned, flat abdominal wall is a little longer than a woman who had a smaller baby and/or carried smaller. And yes, nothing is worse than people asking when the baby is due when...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Pregnancy, pregnancy sypmtoms, pregnancy and delivery
pregnancy sypmtoms, pregnancy and delivery, abdomen: Dear Ashley yes, although infrequent, some women do not usually feel pregnant till their enlarged abdomen tends to show. If this is your first pregnancy you will not be able to feel the baby s movements till the 18 weeks. If you had an earlier pregnancy...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: 2 weeks period after Cesarean, abnormal periods, uterine lining
abnormal periods, uterine lining, hormonal balance: The first period after delivery is almost always abnormal in women. Usually periods don t start for 4-5 months after delivery, but in some women it may start the immediate month after delivery. Since you are saying that you have been having it for 11 days,...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: 5.6 weeks gestation, High HCG and Yolk sac, yolk sac, subchorionic hemorrhage
yolk sac, subchorionic hemorrhage, molar pregnancy: Hi Tracy, I am so sorry for the delay in response. At 5.6 weeks, it is normal to not see a fetal pole, and it seems that your HCG level is not too low, which is good news. The small subchorionic bleed can also be a typical and normal finding, because...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Abnormal period, emergency contraceptive pill, causes of frequent periods
emergency contraceptive pill, causes of frequent periods, emergency pill: I need some more information: How old are you? What is your normal periods like and how many days do you bleed every month? Are on on any contraceptive?(especially emergency pill) The causes of polymenorrhagia(the name give to too many frequent periods)...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: how accurate are ultrasound, paternity test, conception and due dates
paternity test, conception and due dates, accurate dates: Hi Kim, It sounds like your conception date is correct but keep in mind all dates associated with conception and due dates are estimations only. But since you seem to have regular cycles, this along with the first trimester measurements help with determining...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: anemia, iron pills, fertility clinic
iron pills, fertility clinic, irregular periods: Please do not be put of by my answer but I would like to be truthful with you. In my 10 years as a practicing physician in maternal health, I have not seen a single woman who has conceived after the age of 50. And you are 52 with no periods or irregular periods...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Brown discharge and only gestational sac, brown discharge after sex, egg yolk
brown discharge after sex, egg yolk, gestational sac: Dear Maddy, You say by your period you were 5 weeks and 6 days. Did the gestational sac reveal the same dates? Based on the information you have given me at this early stage it is normal to only see the sac on ultrasound. Unfortunately, you will find...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Canu help me plz, ultrasound measurements, pregnancy wheel
ultrasound measurements, pregnancy wheel, trimester ultrasound: Hello, There are a few things to address here. Your previous 2 normal periods does put it at 32 day cycle but I am assuming all your previous menstrual cycles fall around that same length. If this is the case, then a woman with a 32 day cycle would typically...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: conflicting results, pouch of douglas, chemical pregnancy
pouch of douglas, chemical pregnancy, pregnancy test: The fluid in the pouch of douglas is not dangerous but can cause you discomfort if there is more than a small amount. Did you explain to them your concerns about the pregnancy test? You said it was positive a few months ago but have you taken a recent test?...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Downs markers after normal scan?, mild pelviectasis, enlarged kidney
mild pelviectasis, enlarged kidney, ultrasound report: Hi Vanessa, I am so sorry I couldn t reply sooner but from what you have told me it looks like you will get more definite answers at your high risk appointment. It is completely possible to have the measurement of the nasal bone off a little to make it...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Early Ultrasound Question, prenatal paternity tests, length accuracy
prenatal paternity tests, length accuracy, transvaginal ultrasound: Hello, Yes during the first trimester babies grow and develop at the same rate, unless there is a serious problem like a severe chromosomal defect, which is very uncommon. An 8 week fetus is smaller than a 9 week, etc. If I were to have separate images...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Exercise at desk?, pregnancy exercise, desk work
pregnancy exercise, desk work: Yes, sitting for extended periods of time during pregnancy is really uncomfortable. Make sure that you sit with both feet flat on the floor and that you try to sit as tall as possible. Most likely, you will need to remind yourself several times per hour...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: ectopic pregnancy, ectopic pregnancy, standpoint
ectopic pregnancy, standpoint, uterus: Hi Chrystal, Unfortunately there is no possible way to create this situation. It is very dangerous, and the longer someone carries an ectopic the higher the chance that she will die when it ends up rupturing. That is the reason ectopic pregnancies are...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: had an eptopic and concieved shortly after the surgery, ultrasound report, ultrasound tech
ultrasound report, ultrasound tech, rapid heartbeat: Even the best of technologies can be inaccurate especially when we are dealing with due dates. The USG calculates the EDD from a set of measurements of the baby and these measurement are compared with a standard measurement taken from many thousand USG s....

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: how accurate are ultrasound, answer my question
ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: how accurate are ultrasound, answer my question

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: no fetal heart beat, intrauterine gestational sac, yolk sac
intrauterine gestational sac, yolk sac, fetal heart: Hello Erum, There are two outcomes here, the first one is that you are going through a miscarriage due to the fact that your last menstrual period puts you more than 7 weeks and the spotting you are experiencing. Call your doctor if your bleeding gets...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: follow-up, yolk sac, paternity test
yolk sac, paternity test, lmp: Ultrasounds in the first trimester are considered accurate by +/- 3 to 5 days. They are operator dependent, so it is only an estimation and cannot be assumed to be 100% accurate. At 5 weeks 6 days, we could expect to see an empty sac (or just see a yolk...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: gestational age in ultrasound, first trimester screening, ultrasound tech
first trimester screening, ultrasound tech, best guess: Hi Alex, It looks as though the dates are accurate with your doctor. The gestational age of the baby would not be changed if the baby measured within 5 days more or less than 12 weeks 0 days. So if on the ultrasound your baby measured 12 weeks 2 days,...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: What will happen on my first OBGYN visit?, pregnancy articles, pelvic examination
pregnancy articles, pelvic examination, lmp: Since you do not know your LMP then we will have o make appoximations about the age of pregnancy from two findings. 1. Size of the uterus on pelvic examination: This is not very accurate and it can at best give us an approximate date only. 2. Ultrasound:...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: no heartbeat at week 7, transvaginal ultrasound, early pregnancy
transvaginal ultrasound, early pregnancy, sound waves: Hi Aira, To answer your questions, as long as a patient has no problems with the pregnancy and not considered high risk, some woman do not get an ultrasound until their 18-20 th week. Some get it early in the first trimester for dating purposes. Some...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: help, tilted uterus, exercise during pregnancy
tilted uterus, exercise during pregnancy, pregnancy articles: just relax, none of the problems you mentioned are going to cause a problem. The only thing you should be worried about is that you need to gain adequate weight and take good care of your self, otherwise you are healthy and you are most likely going a deliver...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Irregular Bleeding/Period or Miscarriage?, cessation of periods, pre term labour
cessation of periods, pre term labour, emergency contraceptive: I need a little bit more info. Can you elaborate on the bleeding, How much was it, was it like normal periods, or just spotting. Are you bleeding even now. Implantation bleeding is usually nothing more than spotting and many women will not even notice...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: irregular gestation sac........., irregular gestational sac, yolk sac
irregular gestational sac, yolk sac, gestation sac: Have you been evaluated since your bleeding began? If not, you should call your doctor now and get seen. Yes, a repeat HCG quantitative blood test and another follow up ultrasound would help find out what is going on. They will be able to compare it to...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: late period, menstrual irregularities, delayed period
menstrual irregularities, delayed period, pregnancy test: The day after pill is known to cause menstrual irregularities and that is what is causing the delayed period(probably). But be safe and repeat the pregnancy test in another week. If you are pregnant it will definitely show up in the test by this time...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: lower left abdominal pain around c-section scar, left abdominal pain, lower left abdominal pain
left abdominal pain, lower left abdominal pain, incisional hernia: Having read the info I think you have some problem with the scar but nothing dangerous or worrisome. Tell me something have you noticed some bulge or a swelling over the swelling especially when coughing or straining. I am asking you this because an incisional...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Need Advice, pain in lower abdomen, bulky uterus
pain in lower abdomen, bulky uterus, ectopic pregnancy: Dear Sana If you are having a regular sexual relationship with your husband, you should not worry about getting pregnant. However, anxiety and worry itself may have some psychological effects by interefering with ovulation. If you get pregnant last year,...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Ovulation question, ovulation test, clock work
ovulation test, clock work, longest time: hi, If you have been trying to conceive for the past one year without success then you should consider a complete evaluation of both your self and your husband. This is because one year is taken as a limit to commence evaluation for infertility. Secondly as...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Perineum Repair/Breakdown, hysto, scar tissue
hysto, scar tissue, satisfactory results: Dear M Any gynecologist with an average experience should be able to deal with this problem. The pain you feel during intercourse in expected because of the irregular healing and probably excessive scar tissue around the wound. Usually the old scar surrounding...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Placenta detachment and embryo growth (early pregnancy), frozen embryo transfer, subchorionic hematoma
frozen embryo transfer, subchorionic hematoma, embryo growth: Firstly there is nothing you can do to make the placenta stronger and since the bleeding has stopped and the baby is growing I am of the opinion that your pregnancy should progress well. Secondly USG can measure the age of the foetus but it can do so in...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Preganancy and Thyoroid, thyroid test, thyroxine
thyroid test, thyroxine, last two months: I don t think there is anything to worry. The dose of thyroxine needs to be increased during pregnancy for many reasons( these are very complicated so i will not discuss them). Just take thyroxine on time and get thyroid test once every three months. There...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Pregnancy, implantation cramping, preganancy test
implantation cramping, preganancy test, lower abdomen: Dear Chantal This is too early to detect a pregnancy. You probably are extremely worried and anxious to get pregnant and this causes you some pyschosomatic pains. Calm down and relieve your worries and probably you will get pregnant same way as you got...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Pregnancy, pregnancy articles, weeks of pregnancy
pregnancy articles, weeks of pregnancy, baby size: Firstly you will feel your baby moving only around 16-20 weeks of pregnancy, so chill Secondly it is possible that you are around 12 weeks while the scan may show a baby size concordant with 10 weeks or so, this is usually due to wrong dates, so again chill...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: About Pregnancy........, foetal heart, yolk sac
foetal heart, yolk sac, blighted ovum: I think you have had an abortion because by six weeks the foetal heart should be visible, so if the yolk sac and foetal pole are not there what you must have had is a blighted ovum which will result in an abortion. I am sorry that your pregnancy ended up in...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Pregnancy After Hernia Repair, diastasis recti, abdominal separation
diastasis recti, abdominal separation, abdominal exercises during pregnancy: You can prevent, or at the very least lessen the severity of diastasis recti/ abdominal separation during your next pregnancy. This will reduce the stress on your hernia repair. The key is to build, then maintain, as much strength as possible in your deepest...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: plz answer, transverse diameter, small vagina
transverse diameter, small vagina, versatile structure: Hello, This is a difficult one to answer because it isn t very common but I would say it is a possibility that sex may be challenging. However, the vagina is a very versatile structure and can stretch and lengthen during sex so it may not affect you much....

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: polyhydrominos and hydrocephalus in fetus, lining of the uterus, polyhydramnios
lining of the uterus, polyhydramnios, abruption: Hello, I am so sorry I couldn t reply to this sooner. Your amnio appointment is today and I hope all goes well with that. Based on the information you gave me, it sounds like the risks involved may outweigh the benefits in waiting, unless the lungs...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: pregnancy complication, third pregnancy, pregnancy complication
third pregnancy, pregnancy complication, weeks of pregnancy: having a feeling of pressure down your pelvis is quite normal around 34 weeks of pregnancy. Moreover you are in your third pregnancy and in women who have delivered before the baby enters the pelvis quite early, thats the reason for the pressure on your vagina....

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: pregnancy groin pain, pregnancy abdominal pain, leg pain
pregnancy abdominal pain, leg pain, groin pain: Most commonly, lower abdominal pain on one side of the belly is due to stretching of the uterine ligaments. To relieve this pain, try a hip hiker. Stand on your good side and lift the hip of your painful side straight upward. (Think of drawing the side...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: pregnant and bleeding, household activities, baseline data
household activities, baseline data, heavy lifting: Dear Maile No it is not normal. My advice is to get rest with avoidance of household activities, sex, heavy lifting and other similar activities. If you work, you better get off work till complete cessation of bleeding. The next step will be to have an...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: protruding belly after 9 weeks postpartum, abs after pregnancy, postpartum exercise
abs after pregnancy, postpartum exercise, post natal exercise: Here s a short cut for athletic women: Start doing lots of Belly Lacing to strengthen your Transverse Abdominis, or TvA. Try to fit in several sets of this exercise daily. When you have block of time where you can really focus, train you body how to...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Rupture uterus, patient education pamphlet, emergency c section
patient education pamphlet, emergency c section, trial of labour: A uterine rupture is a complication of VBAC, but with the lower section cesarean section the incidence is extremely low and in the hands of a good obstetrician the rate is very low indeed. In fact the American College of obstetricians recommends that VBAC...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Rupture uterus, emergency c section, rupture uterus
emergency c section, rupture uterus, psychological comfort: Hi I agree with your obstetrician. As long as you plan to deliver in a hospital with adequate facilities, senior obstetricians and nursing services, VBAC should be safe. Any senior obstetrician would be able to perform your Cesarean effeciently. The only...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: rubella, toxoplasma, gynecologist
toxoplasma, gynecologist, preg: I don t think you need one now if you are sure about the result of the earlier test.The major problem is with rubella and toxoplasma, and once you are immune to it they will not affect you again. But you should check with your gynecologist once, just to be...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Sonogram Quesiton, sonogram, first trimester
sonogram, first trimester, menstrual cycle: Dear Laura, I am so sorry it took awhile to get back to you. Based on what you have told me, they would not change your due date in the first trimester unless the ultrasound shows a discrepancy of 5 days. This is the case with most, not all doctors. ...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: slimming belt, abs after pregnancy, postpartum exercise
abs after pregnancy, postpartum exercise, post natal exercise: Abdominal binders will not strengthen your muscles. In the long run, wearing one will actually weaken your abs more, as the binder will be doing the work to support your abdomen and spine that your muscles should be doing. It sounds like your abdominal...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Is it too soon?, pregnancy, exercise
pregnancy, exercise, nutrition: Great idea! Maternal health and fetal health are one in the same so to optimize your future pregnancy, start improving your health now. If you are not exercising regularly, START! Aim for a minimum of 30 minutes of moderate level aerobic exercise, like...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Tubal Banding & Possible Pregnancy, deep breathing exercises, cervical cancer cells
deep breathing exercises, cervical cancer cells, pain management techniques: Tubal Banding definitely is not as effective as the routine way of ligature and cut method, so there is a chance that you could be pregnant, but we can t say for sure until you actually test positive for pregnancy. You never mentioned your LMP. Secondly the...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: thin uterius, care appointments, transverse lie
care appointments, transverse lie, rupture uterus: Dear Condy Women with previous 2 Cesareans should be cautious whenever they feel abdominal pain after 32 weeks and seek medical advice as a precaution. Rupture uterus can occur and its incidence may increase in some situations; for instance, if the baby...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: thin uterus, rupture uterine, abnormal pain
rupture uterine, abnormal pain, dehiscence: Hi Sarah, The risk of uterine rupture, although uncommon, does increase with each subsequent C Section. Having more than 3 previous C Sections puts you at higher risk for uterine rupture. Since you have had 5 previous and are experiencing pain at site...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: i think my due date is wrong, cramps during ovulation, peroid
cramps during ovulation, peroid, ovulate: Hello, Well it looks like that 6 week ultrasound would be best for dating purposes; at this age it is considered more accurate than an LMP. Nonetheless, only 5% of babies end up coming on their assigned due date (dates). It frustrates me to see such a...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Ultrasound and Conception Dates, sexual encounter, conception date
sexual encounter, conception date, irregular cycles: Hello, Based on the information I have right now, it seems unlikely that your sexual encounter resulted in this pregnancy. The ultrasound itself gives an estimated conception date of April 4th, 2010 and with that due date gives a range of possible conception...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Ultrasound Dating, conception date, date of conception
conception date, date of conception, length of days: For dating purposes the first trimester ultrasound is considered the most accurate method, even more accurate than an LMP. In your case it was even better that you had a few, because it showed each time how the pregnancy progressed. Because they just saw...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: ultrasound dating..need help, vaginal ultrasound, bad mistake
vaginal ultrasound, bad mistake, sexual encounter: Hello, To answer your question, no you would not see a fetal pole with detectable heart rate at 5 weeks and 2 days, making that ultrasound you had at 6 weeks and 2 days very accurate for dating purposes. But if you would have waited until the 10 week...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: ultrasound gestational age, gestational age, menstrual cycles
gestational age, menstrual cycles, menstrual period: I need a little more information: The doctor told you that you were 10 weeks at the time based on what? Your last menstrual period? The ultrasound dating will be compared to this date if you know it. Were your menstrual cycles regular before getting pregnant?...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: ultrasound of pregnancy, internal os, ovary size
internal os, ovary size, last period: Hello, This can very well be a completely normal pregnancy. It looks like your last cycle could have been off a little. If the sac is measuring 5 weeks and 3 days then it is normal not to see the baby yet. My advice is to wait and get a repeat ultrasound...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: ultrasound questions, gestation sac, yolk sac
gestation sac, yolk sac, little baby: Hi April, Yes this is completely normal and to be expected at the age you are at. Your little baby is there but it is just so tiny that it can t be seen on the ultrasound yet. The yolk sac will appear between 5 and 6 weeks gestation. The fetal pole (aka...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Weird period. Pregnant, miscarriage, or nothing, period cramps, third pregnancy
period cramps, third pregnancy, clinical suspicion: Dear Shan I would recommend a clinical and vaginal sonographic examination as early as you can. Although nothing looks serious in your complaint, it is essential to be aware that the first sign that raises clinical suspicion for ectopic is atypical menstrual...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: one week late, home pregnancy test, early signs and symptoms of pregnancy
home pregnancy test, early signs and symptoms of pregnancy, signs and symptoms of pregnancy: Your last period was on 13 Oct and accordingly you should have gotten your periods on 13 Nov but it is one week late. It is possible that you are pregnant as you had unprotected sex right at the time of ovulation. There only one thing which you can do now....

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: 15 weeks postpardum - Brown Mucus, early sign of pregnancy, sign of pregnancy
early sign of pregnancy, sign of pregnancy, dear jennifer: Dear Jennifer Ovulation does not occur with exclusive breastfeeding and therefore pregnancy is unlikely. The delay is your period is not unusual; 15 weeks is not thet long to warrant investigations. However; a brown discharge may indicate that some remnants...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: 6 week ultrasound, pregnancy wheel, due date
pregnancy wheel, due date, ultrasound: Hi Sara, The dates are not adding up based on what you gave me. If your 6 week ultrasound gave you a due date of January 28th, based on my pregnancy wheel calculator you would have conceived around MAY 8th. If your due date is in January, there is no...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Abdominal strength and fetal position, diastasis recti, abdominal separation
diastasis recti, abdominal separation, pregnancy exercises: I can see how you would want to do everything possible to prevent another face-up labor, but strength in the abdominal muscles does not effect fetal positioning. Don t skip abdominal conditioning. All pregnant women should work to maintain as much strength...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Conceived date and ultrasound, home pregnancy test, yolk sac
home pregnancy test, yolk sac, egg sac: Dear Jammie According to your words, the doctor was able to identify a yolk sac with what it seems to be heart beats. This would exclude miscarriage. On the other hand, your complaints of spotting with varing colors would suggest a case of threatened miscarriage....

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: cervical incompetence, cervical incompetence, blighted ovum
cervical incompetence, blighted ovum, household activities: Dear Kazmi Bed rest means complete rest in bed with the exception of going to bathroom. There should be no excercise, no sexual intercourse or any kind of sexual play, no household activities. The mildest unnecessary effort is prohibited. If you are a working...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Diastasis Recti, recti, internal organs
recti, internal organs, vaginal delivery: Dear Christy A diactasis of recti alone is not an indication for CS and your caring Obstetrician is the best one to assess your case. In severe degrees, weak and divericated muscles may allow internal organs to herniate through the peritoneum and weak muscles....

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Empty Sac 6 wks 2 day's lmp, abnormal position, gestational age
abnormal position, gestational age, ocassions: Dear Samantha It is really challenging at this gestational age, in some ocassions, to find an embryo inside the sac and this can be due to the sonographer experience, the resolution of the machine and/or abnormal position of the baby. However, once an empty...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Ultrasound dating, worst case scenario, possibilty
ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Ultrasound dating, worst case scenario, possibilty, ultrasound

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Post C section, post natal exercises, exercise after C-section
post natal exercises, exercise after C-section, postpartum abdominal exercises: There are safe activities for you at this point as well as activities that you should avoid until about 6 weeks post C. Avoid all movements that could strain your abdominal wall, such as lifting heavy objects, and movements that twist your spine. Make sure...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: postpartum concerns, hemoglobin level, postpartum concerns
hemoglobin level, postpartum concerns, prenatal vitamins: Dear Laura Although you have not mentioned whether your delivey or by CS, your complaint is definitely abnormal and a clinical examination and some investigations are necessary. Anemia in the normal circumstances would be responsible. However you mentioned...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: pre-natal exercises for glutes and hamstrings, prenatal exercise, diastasis recti
prenatal exercise, diastasis recti, abdominal separation: Elliptical trainers, stair-steppers, and walking on an inclined treadmill would all be good machine choices for you during pregnancy to maintain strength in the glutes and hamstrings. Incline leg press, if you have access to this machine, is safe too. Set...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: pregnant after depo, marine bootcamp, depo shot
marine bootcamp, depo shot, weeks of pregnancy: Dear Tara Depot shots available in the market should be taken regulary either every month or every 3 months. This is because their effectiveness decline after this period. I am not aware of any preparation that should be taken every 6 months. This should...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: short cervix, household activities, self diagnosis
household activities, self diagnosis, sexual intercourse: Dear Dionna Short cervix may lead to prerterm labor in many ocassions and is considered as a risk factor for preterm labor. However, it is not a must if you have a short cervix that you will end up having a PTL. What you can do about it is to avoid excercise,...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Thickening of the endometrium, hcg level, thickening of the endometrium
hcg level, thickening of the endometrium, small remnant: Hi Deb, I am curious if you had blood drawn again since the one where the HCG level was at 20. It needs to be negative, so your body will be able to get pregnant again. I am wondering if this thickness is possibly some small remnant of the pregnancy...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: toning core muscles after childbirth, diastasis recti, abdominal separation
diastasis recti, abdominal separation, pregnancy exercises: RE: stays at 2 finger widths, is it possible to have absolutely flat abs? Yes, the shape of the abdomen has to do more with functioning and posture than the width of the mid line tissue. Keep in mind that the goal of diastasis rehab is to close the gap...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Ultrasound, yolk sac, ultrasound measurements
yolk sac, ultrasound measurements, week of pregnancy: Hi Debbie, It is normal to still see a yolk sac at 10 weeks; not seen all the time but does happen. The placenta is still forming then so sometimes the yolk sac still hangs around longer in some pregnancies. Having the wrong due date will not make...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Ultrasound and Conception Date, trimester ultrasound, sexual encounter
trimester ultrasound, sexual encounter, conception date: Hello, Based on the information you gave me, the dates do not add up to your sexual encounter on March 17th. The first ultrasound is key, because at 12 weeks all babies typically grow the same rate. It is accurate +/- 3 to 5 days on average. The ultrasound...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Ultrasound dating, pregnancy hcg level, irregular periods
pregnancy hcg level, irregular periods, conception date: Hi Angela, I m sorry to hear you are stressed. Based on the information I have, you conceived around June 7th. Sperm can live in the uterus up to about 5 days after sex. The ultrasound dating at 6 and a half weeks would be accurate by 3 to 5 days (+/-)....

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Ultrasound fetus age estimation different from LMP method, age estimation, size estimation
age estimation, size estimation, sonographer: Hi Emily, There are a few reasons it could be off some, but in any case there is no cause for concern. Some women do not ovulate on the same day of every month, even if they experience regular cycles, so it s possible that you released the egg a little...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: 3 months no period, negative test, urine pregnancy test, strange cravings
urine pregnancy test, strange cravings, provisional diagnosis: Dear Victoria I agree with your doctor that overweight can be the problem as a part of a wider issue known as polycystic ovary. You need to have some hormonal test and pelvic ultrasound to confirm this provisional diagnosis. The prognosis and response...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: 36 Weeks Pregnant, 1 cm dialated, burning sensation
1 cm dialated, burning sensation, micturition: Dear Sulina Most probably you are having a urinary tract infection. It is not necessarily to present with painful or burning micturition, and it is common during pregnancy. You need to have a urinalysis done and prescription by your caring obstetrician...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: abdomen pain during pregnancy, abdomen pain, pelvic ultrasound
abdomen pain, pelvic ultrasound, pain during pregnancy: Dear Natalia I urge you to go to the ER or your Caring Ob as soon as possible. This may be an early indication for an ectopic pregnancy. A pelvic ultrasound and determination of hCG level in your blood may be needed for proper diagnosis. Good Luc...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: amniotic sac, amniotic sac, termination of pregnancy
amniotic sac, termination of pregnancy, overwhelming infection: Dear Ken, Without knowing the particulars of your case, I would have to defer to your doctor. It sounds like a gush of amniotic fluid at 20 weeks is unfortunately an ominous sign. This condition is called Premature Rupture of Membranes (PROM) and this...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: bleeding with pregnancy, everyday stresses, continual fear
everyday stresses, continual fear, regular period: Dear Shirelle, I would suspect that you are not pregnant. If you had a regular period two weeks ago, this spotting and bloating is likely related to ovulation. Typically when women have some spotting in the middle of the cycle, it is related to ovulation...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Chances of pregancy after c-section birth, c section birth, sex organs
c section birth, sex organs, sexual encounter: Dear Andrea, Well... first of all, I m sure you probably know that sex that soon after a C-section is not typically advised, especially unprotected - so I won t go into all those details. As far as the possibility of pregnancy - yes, you can conceive a...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: General Pregnancy Question, pregnancy question, slim frame
pregnancy question, slim frame, appt: Dear Ish, At 6 3 , this may be her body s way of equalizing out to a more proportional weight for her height with the pregnancy. Things like this can happen. Every woman and every pregnancy is different. Five weeks would be early to show an actual pregnancy...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: How hard can I work out, undue fatigue, continuous exercise
undue fatigue, continuous exercise, moderate level: Since you are currently in less fit physical condition you can start with up to 30 minutes of moderate level of aerobic activities, like fitness walking, elliptical trainer, stair-stepper, stationary bike, treadmill, etc. on most days of the week. If you...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: hello, serum beta hcg, stopping birth control pills
serum beta hcg, stopping birth control pills, birth control pills: Dear Ariana, There are many various causes for amenorrhea (absence of periods) - pregnancy being just one. Others can be: -Hormonal imbalances, which cause fluctuating levels of the hormones needed to support menstruation -Emotional or physical stress...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: can you help, due date, amanda
due date, amanda, brenda: Dear Amanda, If your due date has been determined by your OB doctor to be May 23, 2010, then I would calculate that you would have conceived the pregnancy on/about August 30, 2009. I hope this has helped you and answered your question. I wish you well....

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Irregular bleeding after molar pregnancy, molar pregnancy, transvaginal sonogram
molar pregnancy, transvaginal sonogram, beta hcg: Dear Robyn Irregular menstruation for few weeks after evacuation of molar pregnancy is not unusual. However, after normalization of hCG level, cycle pattern should start to improve/normalize, as the hCG value itself takes few weeks to reach zero level....

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Could this be implantation bleeding?, birth conrol, loestrin 24
birth conrol, loestrin 24, brown blood: Dear Lauren, Many times the BCP will reduce your period down when you begin taking it. It typically will not stop the period completely or that quickly, but every woman reacts differently to it. I usually suggest that women wait until the week after...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: iuds and condoms, iuds, uterus
iuds, uterus, cervix: Dear Laura, No. Not a properly placed one anyway. Unless the IUD has become dislodged and is being expelled by the uterus (which you would usually know), then no. The cervix (opening into the uterus) typically remains closed in young, unpregnant females...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Missed period and spotting, hormone fluctuations, pap smear
hormone fluctuations, pap smear, nasty computer: Dear Cheryl, First, I apologize for the delay... nasty computer virus. The symptoms you describe are hormonal in nature and can also be related to hormone fluctuations within your cycle. That is why it so difficult to diagnose a pregnancy based on...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: misscarage, rh immune globulin, rh incompatibility
rh immune globulin, rh incompatibility, rh positive blood: Dear Christina, When you are a negative blood type and your baby is potentially a positive blood type, there are reasons to be concerned and you should always have RhoGAM injections. This is called Rh incompatibility and it can tend to be very difficult...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Nubain, fetal heart rate, congenital anomalies
fetal heart rate, congenital anomalies, human pregnancy: Dear Anon, Drugs are classified into risk categories for women who are pregnant. There are five categories - A,B,C,D, and X (from least to highest risk). Nubain appears to be a FDA Pregnancy Risk Category B drug. This means that there have been no adequate...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: new born poisoning, poison control center, virus issues
poison control center, virus issues, aapcc: Dear Rajkumar, No, the lanolin would not be poisonous for your baby. Please note however, since I m sure you were immediately concerned, that this site is not an immediate answer site. We do try to answer questions within 3 days, however I have had some...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Partial Placenta Previa, long haul flights, placenta previa
long haul flights, placenta previa, oxygen supply: Dear Lily, First... sorry about the delay in answering... nasty computer virus that I am hoping is gone now. Placenta previa is when the placenta implants low in the uterus and either partially or completely covers the internal cervical opening. There...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Two Periods in one month, birth control pills, conceving
birth control pills, conceving, stopping the pill: Dear Jessica, It is not at all unusual for women who have been regulated by the BCP for a substantial period of time to experience irregular cycles for awhile when the BCP is discontinued. In fact, often our cycles are never as much like clockwork as they...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Pregnancy heartbeat?, yolk sac, rough spot
yolk sac, rough spot, fetus: Dear Stacey, At this point, there is no clear answer for you - which is why it is very frustrating, I know. In some cases, this would be a sign of an impending problem with the pregnancy. But in others, the fetus is just having a rough spot of sorts and...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: pregnancy, nasty computer, date of conception
nasty computer, date of conception, estimated date of conception: Dear Jessica, First, I apologize for the delay... nasty computer virus which I am hoping is gone now. According to my calculations, if you have a history of regular menstrual cycles and your LMP started on 1-13-10, your estimated date of conception would...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: pregnancy in high altitude, high altitude, lack of oxygen
high altitude, lack of oxygen, oxygen levels: Since your body is well acclimated to the very high altitude that you are living at, you should be able to carry a baby to term with out problems. If you engage in moderate level exercise now, before you become pregnant, then your aerobic capacity will increase,...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: pregnancy question, true labor contractions, braxton hicks contractions
true labor contractions, braxton hicks contractions, lower abdominal pains: Dear Jennifer, Often Before true labor begins, you may have false labor pains, also known as Braxton Hicks contractions. These irregular uterine contractions are perfectly normal and may start to occur as early as the second trimester, although they...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: pregnant with copper IUD, braxton hicks contractions, copper iud
braxton hicks contractions, copper iud, menstrual cramps: Dear Julie, I concur with your doctor. :) And yes, I would suspect that the presence of the IUD may be playing a part in the intensity, especially since you have said that they also affected the intensity of menstrual cramping. Do try and take your activity...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Round Ligament Pain, ligament pain, strength tylenol
ligament pain, strength tylenol, t effect: Dear Waheeda Usually round ligament syndrome improves with advancement of pregnancy and it is unusual to have it at 34 weeks. Moreover, round ligament syndrome responds excelently to analgesics such as tylenol. It is therefore best to have a visit to...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Spotting, sonographer, bed rest
sonographer, bed rest, pregnancies: Dear Felicia It seems that you are having a threatened abortion with equal opportunity to continue or lose your pregnancy (5%0 for each). The most important line of management in this case is bed rest till 2-3 days after cessation of spotting. Although...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Spotting after miscarriage, transvaginal ultrasound, heavy bleeding
transvaginal ultrasound, heavy bleeding, sonographer: Dear Vanessa I advise the following: 1-A transvaginal ultrasound by an experienced sonographer to confirm that your uterus is empty and does not contain any remnants of conception as this is the most common cause for post miscarriage bleeding. 2- There...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: subchorionic hemorrhage, subchorionic hematoma, subchorionic hemorrhage
subchorionic hematoma, subchorionic hemorrhage, older moms: Dear Dawn Vaginal bleeding affects 25% of all women during the first half of pregnancy and is a common reason for 1st trimester ultrasounds. The incidence of subchorionic hemorrhage is 1.3% of all pregnancies. In pregnant patients with 1st trimester vaginal...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Trouble getting pregnant., rapid weight loss, birth control pill
rapid weight loss, birth control pill, physical stress: Dear Kelsey, It is not at all unusual for women who have been regulated by the BCP for a substantial period of time to experience irregular cycles for awhile when the BCP is discontinued. In fact, often our cycles are never as much like clockwork as they...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: tox/meconium testing, recreational marijuana, marijuana user
recreational marijuana, marijuana user, toxicology screen: Dear Felecia, The question of concern would be whether you have engaged in marijuana use anywhere close to the time of the pregnancy. If you have, there would be an obligation to make sure there had been no ill effects to the pregnancy/baby. Research...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: v-back after emergency c-secton, emergency c section, horizontal incision
emergency c section, horizontal incision, american college of obstetricians and gynecologists: Dear Hiedi, V-BACs (Vaginal Birth After Cesarean) do carry a certain amount of risk. Doctors usually assess each woman on a case by case basis. Depending on your particular circumstances, you may be a good candidate, but you will need to talk to your physician...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: should i worry, regular periods, date of conception
regular periods, date of conception, seperate ways: Dear Bubba, If her LMP (last menstrual period) was 11/10/08 and she has a history of regular periods, then I would calculate the estimated date of conception to be on/around 11/24-25/08. This would given her a due date of 8/17/09 and would have made her...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Yolk sac Tear, what is a yolk sac, household activities
what is a yolk sac, household activities, risk situation: Dear karen The yolk sac is something designed to provide the early embryo with nutrition till it grows to almost 12 weeks when the formed placenta takes care of this role and provide it with nutrition through the mother while the yolk sac becomes absorbed...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Antibiotics and First Trimester, co amoxiclav, physical illnesses
co amoxiclav, physical illnesses, fertile window: Dear Jehn, ok, here s the thing... it is SO difficult to try and determine when you would have conceived based on LMP dates because of all of the activities going on during the time. Physical illnesses, fevers, medications, stress - those things can all...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: abdominal separation, diastasis, abdominal separation
diastasis, abdominal separation, exercise after pregnancy: Diastasis should be measured in the crunch position, not with the abs relaxed. Most women with twins get diastasis due to the increased pressure on the mid line. It s good that your mid line closes up when you do a crunch. This means that your abs are functioning...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: brown spotting and tender breast, tender breast, doct
tender breast, doct, toilet paper: Dear Stephanie, The symptoms you describe are hormonal in nature. It may simply be that the birth control that you are on - given that it is a hormonal birth control - is needing an adjustment as your body, and thus the balance of hormones, is changing....

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: depo, depo provera, cervical mucus
depo provera, cervical mucus, birth control method: Dear Shelly, The blood test that you had done will be your definitive answer. A blood pregnancy test is much more accurate than urine tests. As for the symptoms, these can be caused by the Depo as well. The symptoms you describe sound hormonal in nature...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: diastasis recti, yoga asanas, rehab exercises
yoga asanas, rehab exercises, post natal exercise: You can purchase both the DVD and or Book from my exclusive international distributor, the IDEA Health and Fitness Association. There are direct links from my web store pages to theirs that feature the items (in red font) or you can use the links below. ...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Endometriosis, factor v leiden, pregnancy delivery
factor v leiden, pregnancy delivery, hemotologist: Dear Alexandra, OK, well unfortunately I cannot even begin to try to determine what may have caused the hole in your uterus, especially if you had a previous pregnancy/delivery. In regard to the Lupron, I would suggest that you encourage the two doctors...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: enlager kidneys, fetal kidneys, enlarged kidneys
fetal kidneys, enlarged kidneys, cystic kidneys: Dear Mary, If you are asking what is causing the enlarged kidneys in your baby, I cannot answer that for you specifically. It is not terribly uncommon to see enlarged fetal kidneys via ultrasound and one way to determine whether there is a problem with...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: High HCG level, high hcg level, pregnancy gestational age
high hcg level, pregnancy gestational age, conception date: Dear Sarah, The normal ranges for hCG are pretty broad, but the average hCG level for 6 weeks is 1,080 - 56,500 mIU/ml and for 7-8 weeks is 7,650 - 229,000 mIU/ml. So, yes - your level would be considered a bit high if you are 6 weeks. Are you calculating...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: HRT, internal plumbing, wiggle room
internal plumbing, wiggle room, mg tablet: Dear Melissa, The usual starting dose for Prempro is one 0.3 mg/1.5 mg tablet once a day. If this dose proves insufficient, your doctor may increase the dose to one 0.625 mg/0.25 or 0.5 mg tablet once a day. So, actually your dose is right up there. I would...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: IUD, oral birth control, night sweats
oral birth control, night sweats, nightsweats: Dear MaryAnn, Night sweats are not a side effect that is listed as common for the MIRENA IUD. However, night sweats tend to be a hormonal symptom and are not unheard of with oral birth control contraceptives. Therefore, it would seem logical that if she...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Lupron, loss of sexual desire, nausea and fatigue
loss of sexual desire, nausea and fatigue, breast changes: Dear Tanya, Because Lupron is not a contraceptive, it is possible to become pregnant on the medication, however it usually is during the first month of therapy - due to the way the medication works. You should always be using another (non-hormonal) form...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: light pink discharge, bleeding in early pregnancy, dr appointment
bleeding in early pregnancy, dr appointment, menstrual cramps: Dear Dawn, First... congratulations! :) Vaginal bleeding/spotting can occur frequently in the 1st trimester of pregnancy and may not be a sign of problems. More than likely it is nothing to be concerned about. Bleeding can be a sign of miscarriage but...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: losing belly fat after pregnancy, postpartum weight loss, diet and exercise after pregnancy
postpartum weight loss, diet and exercise after pregnancy: This is a complicated question and will take clear intentions, planning, and long term commitment on your part to achieve your goals. Since you are breastfeeding, your metabolism requires about 500 more calories per day, then if you were bottle feeding,...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: no movement and white fluid loss at 20 weeks pregnant, baby move, fetal movement
baby move, fetal movement, begining: Dear Jose, If you have felt no fetal movement at all - no kicks, turns, flutters, or any movement at all in the last four days, I would recommend that you consult with your OB doctor as soon as possible to make sure that the pregnancy is progressing normally....

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Pregnancy, estimated due date, gestational sac
estimated due date, gestational sac, dates of conception: Dear Viviana, First, I apologize for the delay... nasty computer virus. According to my calculations, if your LMP was 10/6/09, your estimated date of conception would be an/about 10/20/09 and your estimated due date would be on/about 7/13/2010. Now -...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: preggo? help, serum beta hcg, test serum
serum beta hcg, test serum, pregnancy test: Dear Nicole, Anytime there is unprotected sex within the last cycle or two there is a chance for pregnancy. Although some tests claim accuracy on the first day of a missed period, I usually suggest that women wait until the week after a missed or spotty...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: pregnacy with tubes tied, tubal ligation reversal, artificial insemination
tubal ligation reversal, artificial insemination, pregnacy: Dear Crystal, As long as you have a healthy uterus and you are in good physical condition, artificial insemination should be an option open to you. You can also look into a tubal ligation reversal, but there is no guarantee of success with a reversal. You...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: pregnancy, weeks of pregnancy, date of conception
weeks of pregnancy, date of conception, estimated date of conception: Dear Jbs, With a due date of 8/20/10, I would calculate your estimated date of conception to have been an about 11/27/09. If your due date was determined via ultrasound within the first 12 weeks of pregnancy, it would be considered quite reliable. However...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Sleeping posture, lying on back during pregnancy
lying on back during pregnancy: There is a lot of confusion/misinformation about maternal body position and blood flow, both during exercise and at rest. Lying on the left side only very slightly increases blood flow in the body, as compared to lying on the back or right side, and this...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Spotting, hormone fluctuations, morning urine
hormone fluctuations, morning urine, accurate results: Dear Kathleen, If you have had unprotected sex during the last cycle or two, you cannot dismiss the possibility of pregnancy. The symptoms you describe are hormonal in nature and can also be related to hormone fluctuations within your cycle. That is...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: taking vitimins while preganant, development of babies, early pregnancy
development of babies, early pregnancy, folic acid supplement: Omega three supplements are recommended for pregnancy as most of use do not get enough of natural omega threes in our diet. During pregnancy, omega threes play an important role in the development of babies brains and nervous systems. Make sure that your supplements...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Too many things adding up, professional fire fighter, national strength and conditioning association
professional fire fighter, national strength and conditioning association, national strength and conditioning: How wide is your separation? Women with diastasis should NOT perform ANY abdominal exercises that flex the upper spine, or lift/roll the upper body off the floor or against the force of gravity. Have you been doing these types of exercises? Have you...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: weight loss after, postpartum weight loss, diet and exercise after pregnancy
postpartum weight loss, diet and exercise after pregnancy: Bicep and tricep development is best done with free weights. Choose a weight that you can barely perform 10 reps. For biceps, perform curls, for triceps, perform kick-backs. As to weight loss, this will take a commitment to permanent lifestyle changes,...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: aspirin while pregnant, excedrin migraine, early pregnancy
excedrin migraine, early pregnancy, excedrin: Dear Laura, It s very unlikely that taking a single dose of aspirin in early pregnancy will have any harmful affect on the pregnancy. However, aspirin and aspirin-containing products can cause problems for both you and your baby if you take it regularly...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Belt?, abs after pregnancy
abs after pregnancy: A hard protruding tummy is a sure sign that your deepest abdominal muscle, your Transverse Abdominis, or TvA, is weak and/or not functioning properly. This is a common side effect of pregnancy, especially for women who try to rehab their abs with exercises...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: belly-bulge almost 3 years post-partum, belly bulge, bikini season
belly bulge, bikini season, transverse abdominis: Stop doing all ab work that flexes/rolls the upper body off the floor of against the force of gravity as these movements will cause the external abdominals to overpower your Transverse Abdominis, or TvA. When your TvA is really strong, you should be able to...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: belly dancing classes and getting pregnant, belly dancing classes, foetus
belly dancing classes, foetus, range of motion: Belly dancing has it s roots in preparing women for childbirth and labor and is safe throughout pregnancy, though you may need to decrease the intensity and range of motion of your movements once your tummy gets bigger. I have never heard of any pros or...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Cramping and spotting in second trimester, bleeding in early pregnancy, spotting in second trimester
bleeding in early pregnancy, spotting in second trimester, placenta previa: Dear Andrea, If your doctor has done an ultrasound and ruled out any condition which may cause immediate threats to the pregnancy, then I would not be alarmed. Bleeding can be a sign of miscarriage but does not mean that miscarriage is imminent. Studies...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: confuse on conception, conception date, last period
conception date, last period, lmp: Dear Crystal, If ultrasound has confirmed your dating and you were at 25 weeks on March 25, 2010, that would give you a due date of 7/8/10. However, it also estimates an approximate LMP of 10/1/09 and an estimated conception date of 10/15/09. I hope...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Delayed 2nd period after miscarriage, home pregnancy tests, hormonal balance
home pregnancy tests, hormonal balance, first period: Dear Amy, Typically it is the first period after a miscarriage/D & C that is completely unpredictable. But to be honest... I have heard it all through this forum! :) Here s the thing - since you have had only protected sex and have tested negative, you...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Diastasis Recti, abdominal separation, diastasis recti
abdominal separation, diastasis recti, postpartum exercises: The goal of diastasis rehab is to get the gap down to two finger-widths or less, so you re just about there. Most likely your mid line will get smaller in the next few months too. Keep working your TvA, not only when exercising, but in everyday moves like...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Diastasis Recti, diastasis, abdominal separation
diastasis, abdominal separation, exercise after pregnancy: I m glad to hear that you ve started exercising. Postpartum depression can make it almost impossible to do anything, let alone exercise, so don t beat yourself up about not being able to workout until now. A 2.5 to 3 finger-width gap at the mid line is...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Foods to avoid during pg., fresh fruit juices, fruits and veggies
fresh fruit juices, fruits and veggies, raw fruits: When eating raw fruits and veggies from a salad bar or restaurant, there is the very small risk that improper food handling techniques could cause contamination with listeria or another bacteria like salmonella. It s always safest to wash all fruits and...

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Postpartum dizziness, breasteeding, anxiety, perfect blood pressure, high blood pressure
ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Postpartum dizziness, breasteeding, anxiety, perfect blood pressure, high blood pressure, spike

ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Sex during pregnancy, using a condom, contractions
ObGyn/Pregnancy issues: Sex during pregnancy, using a condom, contractions, pregnancies