About Experts Sitemap - Group 38 - Page 49 2014-08-26

Olympics: how much money do you make, bronze metal, gold metal
Olympics: how much money do you make, bronze metal, gold metal, silver metal

Olympics: how much money do you make, gold medal winner, time william
gold medal winner, time william, sum of money: William, Every country has its own incentive for winning a medal, I ve heard while watching the Olympics that, I believe it was Pakistan gives a gold medal winner a house, a car and a large sum of money. Like I said before, every country has its own...

Olympics: Olympic Criteria, writing a term paper, olympic committee
writing a term paper, olympic committee, floodgates: If a sport was added to the Olympics simply on the merits of it being cool , then that would open the floodgates. There are actually some rules and regulations, namely: 1) The sport must be practised by men in at least 70 countries on 4 continents and...

Olympics: olympic committee, international olympic committee, national olympic committee
international olympic committee, national olympic committee, olympic commitee: There are quite a few stages which can be summarised thus: 1) Each country has it s own Olympic Commitee 2) Each Olympic Committee invites bids from as many places in their country as are interested in holding the Games 3) The government of that country...

Olympics: Swimming in Olypics, sydney 2000 olympics, eric moussambani
sydney 2000 olympics, eric moussambani, 200m freestyle: That s right. The person you are thinking of is Eric Moussambani from Equatorial Guinea who competed in the Sydney 2000 Olympics and completed the 100m freestyle in 1 minute 52.72 seconds (which was just a shade outside the 200m freestyle World Record)...

Oman: Travelling and Hiking in Oman, camping supply store, man tent
Oman: Travelling and Hiking in Oman, camping supply store, man tent, muttrah

Oman: Travelling and Hiking in Oman, mutrah, petroleum company
mutrah, petroleum company, arabian culture: Dear Martin: When you get to Muscat, you will find it quite modern. There is nothing that you cannot find back home in terms of food and supplies. If you need camping supplies, check out some of the shopping malls in Qurum. (There was one camping supply...

Oman: travelling in oman as a family, desert discovery, customs and traditions
desert discovery, customs and traditions, local customs: Have no worries. Oman is a very safe country. The main roads are very efficient although drivers tend to be a bit aggressive. The people are very friendly. You might be invited in by total stangers: go with the flow. If you want help, I suggest contacting...

Oman: Acceptable clothing in Oman, vest tops, beach clothes
vest tops, beach clothes, western girl: Hi Becca: You should not have any problem with the clothes you mentioned as long as it is loose fitting, not too revealing and comfortable. You will find many fashionable clothing stores in Oman, so adjustment will not be a problem. Just a few notes:...

Oman: Acceptable clothing in Oman, sultan qaboos, grand mosque
Oman: Acceptable clothing in Oman, sultan qaboos, grand mosque, guinea pig

Oman: Advice, muttrah, dear peter
muttrah, dear peter, indian friend: Dear Roopal, I have not lived in Oman in a number of years so I cannot answer your questions authoritatively. However, send me an email at omanrover@earthlink.net and I will send you the contact number for an Indian friend of mine who has lived in Oman...

Oman: Latina living in Oman, Muscat, oman muscat, loose fitting clothing
oman muscat, loose fitting clothing, hotel pool: Omanis are a bit conservative when in comes to body exposure. But you d be surprised at what they do wear. While they will only expose face and hands, they will dress very colorfully. They expect foreigners to dress on the conservative side--no tight fitting...

Oman: Safety in OMan, al bustan palace hotel, al bustan palace
al bustan palace hotel, al bustan palace, itb berlin: Dear Shayne You are the most welcome here in Oman. Don t worry about anything here. Oman is a safe country and here they do respect tourists and visitors. Oman as you found it on 2000 and even now you will find what you need easier and safe. Don t worry...

Oman: Oman, muscat hotel, sultanate of oman
muscat hotel, sultanate of oman, desert safari: Dear Kristen, Greetings from Muscat Actually you had lots of things to be discussed, but anyway I can offered you rooms at InterContinental Muscat Hotel with the rate of 210 USD Per night and its a 5 Star Hotel. Regarding restaurants and any thing you...

Oman: Embroidere images, extremist views, images of animals
extremist views, images of animals, intangible heritage: I have never heard of such a prohibition taken to that extent in that context. Iconography usually extends to only images of people, but that hasn t stopped extremist views (e.g. the Taliban) to prohibit images of any living thing, like grass and flowers....

Oman: incence burner, southern oman, incense burner
southern oman, incense burner, briquette: Hi Jane: It s a simple matter. Hold one end of a briquet with your fingertips and light it with a match. The briquets are treated with an incendiary chemical so when you light them the chemical burns and fizzes until the briquet is glowing hot. Place immediately...

Oman: wish to visit oman and kenya, uae website, visa services
uae website, visa services, beruit: Dear Sir/ Madam Many thanks for your question. I will be able to answer the question of Oman only not Beirut. When you reach Dubai, the visa to Oman you can get it the same day, whether at the airport or the border. If you have visa for any of gulf...

Oman: FABRICS FROM SOUTH AFRICA, dear lorraine, part timer
dear lorraine, part timer, government rules: Dear Lorraine, Many Thanks for your email. As per the government rules and regulations, you need to register with the Ministry of Commerce to start the business. Also its required to have an Omani dealer for registration of the organization. You can...

Oman: Relative of Expat in Oman visiting Dubai, immigration authority, resident cards
immigration authority, resident cards, muscat: Dear Raju, Further to your question, if your son is on relative visa visit which is 3 months usually, you can go to Dubai and get the Visa at the borders. You need to get (No Objection) letter from your employer mentioning that you are going to Dubai and...

Oman: Arabic Conversation Lessons for Kids, peter ochs, conversation lessons
peter ochs, conversation lessons, dear peter: Sorry I haven t responded sooner as I have been out of town for the last two weeks. Please feel free to contact the American Women s Group once you get to Muscat. I do not have a contact number for them, but you may contact a friend and colleague of mine,...

Oman: Australian Drivers License in Oman, australian drivers license, passport size
australian drivers license, passport size, rop: Deepa: In all liklihood, your Auatralian driver s license will allow you to get an Omani license. If you are preparing to stay and work there for an extended time, your sponsor will probably make the arrangements for you to get an Omani license. This...

Oman: children and their nannies in Oman, sexual harrassment, absolute obedience
sexual harrassment, absolute obedience, arab gulf: Dear Solveigh: I would say that your general conclusions are right regarding abuse: overworked and underpaid, sexual harrassment, etc. But I also know of successful situations where nannies stay with one employer, so I could not give you a relative breakdown....

Oman: Driving in Oman, private vehicle, drivers license
private vehicle, drivers license, rop: I think it would be best to have an Internatinal Drivers License (which are fairly easy to come by as I recall--I haven t needed one in years as I have a valid Oman driver s license, which is not easy to get), in case you might need to produce it to the ROP...

Oman: desert and hotel, sultan qaboos, desert discovery
sultan qaboos, desert discovery, wahibah sands: Hi Kirsty: I will put you in touch with someone who can handle all your needs. Said Al Harthy Desert Discovery PO Box 99 Madinat Al Sultan Qaboos 115 Oman Tel. ++ 968 24 493 232 Email. tours@omantel.net.om Web: www.desert-discovery.com ...

Oman: Arabic Conversation Lessons for Kids
Oman: Arabic Conversation Lessons for Kids

Oman: children and their nannies in Oman, sexual harrassment, hierarchy of needs
Oman: children and their nannies in Oman, sexual harrassment, hierarchy of needs, housemaids

Oman: Temporary Relocation - GCC Car, adequate insurance, conver
Oman: Temporary Relocation - GCC Car, adequate insurance, conver, refering

Oman: gardening in Oman, sultan qaboos bin, petroleum development oman
sultan qaboos bin, petroleum development oman, drip watering systems: Dominique, As you probably know, Oman is a very arid, desert country with only 2% of the land, a narrow strip between the mountains and the ocean, arable and fit for human habitation. The major native plants are date palms and acacia trees. There are no...

Oman: holiday travel to oman, keith krause, desert discovery
keith krause, desert discovery, maverick guide: Dear Mr. Keith, My husband is at the moment in Oman with a group of tourists. He left on 18th March and will be back on 29th March; if they don t extend the trip. He will reply you as soon as he is back from Oman. Have a nice day. Bye Letchmi...

Oman: non guided travel in Oman, sultan qaboos, desert discovery
sultan qaboos, desert discovery, chris answer: Hi Chris: Answer to your question is Maafih Mushkalah. Which is Arabic for No problem. You can rent vehicles from any of the reputable car hire companies. I reccommmend MARK Rentacar. You will find them in Hatat House near the Wadi Adai Roundabout...

Oman: Oman, desert discovery, oman
desert discovery, oman, mountains: Robert: I am currently not in Oman nor am I am arranging tours, but I would be happy to pass your name on to someone who does. Contact Desert Discovery: www.desert-discovery.com They will help you with all your needs and do a fine job as well. Tell...

Oman: Oman, al bustan palace hotel, al bustan palace
al bustan palace hotel, al bustan palace, castles and forts: Given your time frame you would have to fly. It s a 45 minute flight each way from Dubai. You have barely time to do much of anything, it s a shame you can t spend more time. I would say if you can wangle two or three days you would be much better off. Ideally...

Oman: Oman, wadi bani kharus, desert discovery
wadi bani kharus, desert discovery, mountain scenery: Dear Norma: It s about a four hour drive from Dubai to Muscat, but only three hours to the Sawadi Resort. Visas are easily obtained either ahead of time or at the border. From the Sawadi you have good access to a lot of points of interest on the Batinah...

Oman: Oman, barnes and noble bookstores, family bookstores
barnes and noble bookstores, family bookstores, arabic programs: Check out the Family Bookstores . They have several outlets in the capital area. Beyond that, I don t know of other sources except those offered by Polyglot and others. Perhaps you can contact TAISM--The American International School in Muscat (www.taism.com)....

Oman: Oman in July, honeymoon destination, light rains
honeymoon destination, light rains, fabulous destination: Yes , Oman is a fabulous destination for a honeymoon. There is so much to see and do. However it is quite hot there in July (in Muscat) and any temperature differential with Dubai is minimal and hardly noticable. I suggest going down to Salalah in the southern...

Oman: Oman in the summer, indian ocean monsoon, oman culture
indian ocean monsoon, oman culture, loose fitting clothing: Hi Melina: As time progresses, clothing restrictions are not as tight as they used to be , but a few simple rules are in order. * Wear loose fitting clothing in general (as a climatic precaution more than anything--the summers are quite hot! and a...

Oman: Oman tours, e mail addresses, peter ochs
e mail addresses, peter ochs, midlle east: Yes, I do still do tours. But I am not affiliated with any compny in Oman at present. I used to live and work in Oman but after 9/11 I had to come home. I moved to the DC area and I still conduct tours on a limited basis: to school groups and cultural...

Oman: Oman, beheadings in iraq, omanis
beheadings in iraq, omanis, arab relations: Hi Nathan! Yes, we had a very successful trip to Oman. As a matter of fact, I went on to spend a few weeks in Saudi Arabia to scout out destination potential there (and I am much inclined to follow through with this upon my return home). You have absolutely...

Oman: Omani Driving License, world exchange, driver license
world exchange, driver license, countries in the world: I don t think any country will allow you to switch licenses. If you go to another country, you have to apply for a license in that country. Or you might find out how to apply for an international license. I don t know how you would go about it from...

Oman: oman, peter j ochs, loose fitting clothing
peter j ochs, loose fitting clothing, peter j ochs ii: Dear Rushabh: If you plan on visiting Oman in May, you can expect the temperatures to be very hot, at least 35 C or more. If you live in southern India, this shouldn t be a problem as you will not have much of an adjustment to make. And unless you...

Oman: Religious Festival Dates in the Middle East, sultan qaboos, ramadan ends
sultan qaboos, ramadan ends, holidays and observances: Andrew, A quick search on the web for Islamic Holidays with Sherlock (part of the OS on my Macintosh) resulted in a link that should answer your question: http://www.kids.infoplease.lycos.com/ipka/A0779791.html Here s what it gave: ---------------------...

Oman: Scuba diving in Muscat, sultan qaboos, muscat oman
sultan qaboos, muscat oman, sultanate of oman: Gloria: I recommend that you contact the following: Oman Dive Centre P. O. Box 199, Madinat Al Sultan Qaboos P. C 115 Sultanate of Oman Tel: +(968) 24824240 Fax: +(968) 24824241 Email: info@omandivecenter.com Blu Zone Diving Marina Bandar...

Oman: social, hotel beaches, bikini tops
hotel beaches, bikini tops, apple centre: Amira, Some quick answers to your questions. 1. You do not need to cover your head. The main thing to remember is that when in public places, do not wear shorts and do not wear sleeveless shirts. Skirts should extend to below the knee. Tee shirts are...

Oman: southern yemen, myrrh tree, frankinscence
myrrh tree, frankinscence, southern oman: Hello Will: While the boswellia sacra (from which frnakinscence is harvested) grows wild in southern Oman, I don t know of anyone who cultivates it... but I can find out if you give me some time. Also, Try some searches on this website: www.nizwa.net/agr/agriculture.html...

Oman: Temporary Relocation - GCC Car, passport size photos, best bet
passport size photos, best bet, state gov: Your best bet would be to contact the ROP (Royal Oman Police) to find out what needs to be done. It is possible to bring cars in, I know people who have done it, but not having done it myself, I would suggest going through these channels. Multiple entry...

Oman: Touring Oman, desert discovery, specialized tours
desert discovery, specialized tours, dear peter: Lina: I am not in Oman to take advantage of your question, but I would suggest you contact Desert Discovery. They have a website at www.desert-discovery.com where you can get all their contact info. They are the best at arranging specialized tours for...

Oman: Travel to Persian Gulf, persian gulf countries, loose fitting clothes
persian gulf countries, loose fitting clothes, soles of your feet: Dear Win: When traveling to places like Oman and the UAE, you will find that it is not unlike moving about at home. You will be fairly unrestricted in movement and there are few differences in the laws that you must be aware of. From a legal standpoint,...

Oman: Travel, desert discovery, maverick guide
desert discovery, maverick guide, amazon: Dear Eliza: You can do two things. 1.) Get a copy of my book, the Maverick Guide to Oman (on Amazon.com). This should help you get around on your own. And if you need further help contact Said Al Harthy at Desert Discovery. His contacts are: ...

Oman: Traveling to Oman, major hotel chains, tourist services
major hotel chains, tourist services, local travel: There are many different tours, durations, costs. I am too far afield to have that information in front of me as I am not directly involved with the business back here in the USA. You will do best to contact these companies directly. Or do a web search...

Oman: Traveling to Oman, incense burner, real mccoy
incense burner, real mccoy, rug makers: Hi Ruthie: Sorry for not answering sooner, but I have just been leading a trip to Oman. There is a lot to find in the souqs if you are looking for souvenirs. Some of it is authentic. Some of it is kitsch. It s not too hard to tell the difference. ...

Oman: Travelling alone in Oman, loose fitting clothing, oman women
loose fitting clothing, oman women, middle eastern countries: Women have a much more equal footing in Oman than in other Middle Eastern countries. Women come and go as easily as men and you should have no problem getting about. Please be advised to wear light, loose fitting clothing nothing to skimpy or revealing....

Oman: Travelling in Oman, peter j ochs, desert discovery
peter j ochs, desert discovery, peter j ochs ii: Dear Julia: There are buses that travel to the main cities in Oman such as Nizwa, Sur, Sohar, etc. However you are much better off hiring a tour company for sightseeing. On top of that, the more interesting places to see are the ones off-road and require...

Oman: travel in Oman, wadi nakhr, desert discovery
wadi nakhr, desert discovery, ms aurora: Dear Ms. Favero: Thanks for your letter. I have a couple of questions of my own but first let me tell you the good news: Don t worry about going to Oman in the summer. Even though it is hot in Muscat in the summer, there are other areas that you can find...

Oman: visiting oman, desert discovery, cheap accomodations
desert discovery, cheap accomodations, budgethotels: Dear Lieve: I left Oman in 2002 after the tourism industry took a nose dive after the 9/11 tragedy. I have since moved to Washington DC where I do specialty tours for special interest groups such as the National Council on US-Arab Relations, private schools,...

Oncology: brain, Brain, temperature
Brain, temperature, hoodie: No, the brain needs a very constant temperature to work. You know when you have a fever you feel like shit and have a headache. Part of that is that your whole body s temp is up a few degrees. You brain does not like it. Blood that flows though your...

Oncology: adenoid cystic carcinoma BOT, radiation fibrosis therabite scar tissue late effects
radiation fibrosis therabite scar tissue late effects: I am so sorry to hear about your husbands late side effects from radiation therapy. Scar tissue from radiation therapy is very hard to stretch 7-8 years after treatment. The best time to stretch it is immediately after radiation therapy and for 6-12 months...

Oncology: Breast tumor, breast nodule, breast biopsy
breast nodule, breast biopsy, breast tumor: how do you know that that duct which is bleeding now was only secreting yellowish fluid? was it secreting this out of the nipple? where you just pregnant? what where the results of the biopsy of the breast nodule? fibroadenoma don t tend to cause nipple...

Oncology: Metestatic Brain Cancer, lung, cancer
lung, cancer, brain: hyperfractionation is simply a way of cutting up the radiation therapy into smaller parts and giving it more frequently. it is no better or worse than other treatments. however, her metastatic lung cancer in her brain has shown that it is persistent...

Oncology: radiation exposure., childhood rhabdomyosarcoma, t ped
childhood rhabdomyosarcoma, t ped, fibrous dysplasia: I could tell you that for these procedures, you where exposed to these doses: RADS PA Chest…………...... 0.02 ………………………0.02 REM C.T. Head……………… 7.5 ……………………….0.2 REM C.T. Abd……………….. 2.5 ……………………….1.0 REM C.T. Ped. Abd…………. 2.0 ……………………….3.0...

Oncology (General Cancer): do i have it at 12 year old, testicular cancer, lumps
testicular cancer, lumps, testicle: Nick, There is no way for me to tell you what is going on in there over the internet. I can tell you that you are probably a bit too young for testicular cancer, as it primarily affects boys 14 and over (post puberty). All I can recommend is that you talk...

Oncology (General Cancer): 18 yr old daughter..neuroendocrine carcinoma, ductal carcinoma, radiation risks
ductal carcinoma, radiation risks, autopsy results: Dear Linda, I am sorry to hear about your daughter. I could not find that I answered your original post. Could it have gone to someone else? Do you have the data of your first post? At any rate, it seems that they have ruled out the most obvious genetic...

Oncology (General Cancer): 19 yr old nightsweats, red itchy bumps, horrible headaches
red itchy bumps, horrible headaches, nightsweats: Although this does not seem to be a cancer related question, I would say that yes, you should have this looked into. Why? Well, simply because it is a concern to you or you would not be asking the question. Secondly, because this is not natural and anything...

Oncology (General Cancer): 2 lumps around ankle, ganglion cysts, distal fibula
ganglion cysts, distal fibula, achilles tendon: From the description you have given it does seem rather probable that these 2 lesions are ganglion cysts. Ordinary x-ray pictures will not give you much information. Ultrasound & MRI scans can give you more (probably more than CT scans) and needle biopsies...

Oncology (General Cancer): 2 pea sized lumps on collarbone, swollen lymph nodes, dean ph
swollen lymph nodes, dean ph, michael dean: Dear Lisa, The lumps are unlikely to be cancer, but you should have them examined. Some possible explanations are cysts, or swollen lymph nodes, or fat pads. Did you get a reason for the enlarged uterus finding? Let me know what you hear. Michael...

Oncology (General Cancer): "borderline" ovarian CA and chemo, www cancer, residual disease
www cancer, residual disease, survival rates: Dear Judy, To be honest I had never heard of borderline ovarian CA, but there is a good article here: http://www.emedicine.com/med/topic3233.htm These are also called low malignancy potential, and stage I patients have 90% or better survival rates....

Oncology (General Cancer): breast cancer chemotherapy, breast cancer chemotherapy, breast cancer
breast cancer chemotherapy, breast cancer, taxotere: I agree with your oncologist! Your BIG worry is your cancer, not so much any side effects! (I m brutally blunt & frank here but I m not here to tell anyone anything but the truth!). Experience does show us that your chances are better (but no guarantees can...

Oncology (General Cancer): breast cancer and multiple lung nodules, breast cancer survivor, multiple lung nodules
breast cancer survivor, multiple lung nodules, needle biopsies: I can not exclude the possibility of malignancy there but most lung nodules normally found by lung CT are benign. Due to your medical history though probably needle biopsies - if possible - should be tried in order to get a diagnosis. If not possible PET scans...

Oncology (General Cancer): Cancer-causing drug in coffee, caffeinated coffee, dear elizabeth
caffeinated coffee, dear elizabeth, additives: Dear Elizabeth, One reads all sorts of things about many foods and additives, including coffee. Some articles have suggested that there is harm, others that there is not. It is hard to sort through this tangle of mostly unsubstantiated information. Evidence...

Oncology (General Cancer): Chemical in coffee causing cancer, lab rats, little guys
lab rats, little guys, million times: Hundreds of studies have been done trying to find something really unhealthy about drinking coffee, to no avail. Drinking coffee is probably good for you, in fact, and that includes regular caffeine containing coffee. So enjoy your coffee, and stop reading...

Oncology (General Cancer): Complex Ovarian Cyst on Ultrasound, complex ovarian cyst, gynecologic oncologist
complex ovarian cyst, gynecologic oncologist, partial hysterectomy: Jennifer, Did you ever have an imaging study in the past which included the ovaries (such as prior ultrasound or CT scan, which often are obtained in patients with cervical cancer)? This can help sort out whether this cystic structure is new or not....

Oncology (General Cancer): CT Scan result, hilar lymph nodes, nicotine gum
hilar lymph nodes, nicotine gum, enlarged lymph nodes: Maria, In general, enlarged lymph nodes can be caused by a number of things which are not cancer. There is no way I can tell you whether you have cancer or not; the CT images can give your doctors an idea of what it might be but imaging cannot define it...

Oncology (General Cancer): chest xray results, chest xray results, dr appt
chest xray results, dr appt, dean ph: Dear Danielle: I understand your concern. As yes it could be nothing. Usually these shadows turn out to be an artifact of the Xray. even if it is a small nodule, these are common and usually benign: I found the following an article in the journal Radiology...

Oncology (General Cancer): my dad, happends, gargling
happends, gargling, 3 rounds: Dear Sheridan, Thank you for explaining. I guess that by mentioning counts you refer to hemoglobin. Taking all into account, It seems that his disease returned relatively quickly (only 3 months after achieving remission). AML that returns that quickly...

Oncology (General Cancer): Fiberglass and cancer, fiberglass insulation, lungusa org
fiberglass insulation, lungusa org, potential danger: Dear Jen, The only potential danger of fiberglass is in those installing it. They should follow the industry s guidelines for exposure. Read this from the Lung Association for more information. http://www.lungusa.org/site/pp.asp?c=dvLUK9O0E&b=35439...

Oncology (General Cancer): Fiberglass and cancer, fiberglass insulation, clear evidence
fiberglass insulation, clear evidence, dishwasher: As far as I know the jury is still out on this. That asbestos to some degree can cause cancer (even MORE in combunation with smoking) is clear. Fiber glass is in many ways similar and there has been suspicion of similar mechanisms but as far as I know of no...

Oncology (General Cancer): high red blood cells count, lower abdomen, currence
Oncology (General Cancer): high red blood cells count, lower abdomen, currence, dull pain

Oncology (General Cancer): Malenoma, dye test, perfect health
Oncology (General Cancer): Malenoma, dye test, perfect health, lymph nodes

Oncology (General Cancer): precancerous cells of the uterus, scripture, god
Oncology (General Cancer): precancerous cells of the uterus, scripture, god

Oncology (General Cancer): flying with low WBC, sutent, air craft
sutent, air craft, stage 4: A patient with very low WBC like here is very infection sensitive and should be rather isolated from other people that may infect him. That may be difficult in an air craft so I can hardly recommend such a voyage until his WBC and thereby his immune machinery...

Oncology (General Cancer): Hi, american cancer society, hospice organizations
american cancer society, hospice organizations, stages of cancer: Sure. The pain is typically caused by the tumor pressing on other organs, or invading the spinal cord or bones. Again this can very considerably depending on the person and the cancer. And people respond differently to pain. The important thing is to have...

Oncology (General Cancer): high platelets, high wbc, high platelet count, bone marrow diseases
high platelet count, bone marrow diseases, bone marrow tests: Dear Nik, The cause of high platelet count may be iron deficiency or other bone marrow diseases. Bone marrow tests are usually done by hematologists or medical oncologist who will work your dad s condition. Should you have any further questions, please don...

Oncology (General Cancer): high red blood cells count, high red blood cells, red blood cells
high red blood cells, red blood cells, hematologist oncologist: Dear June, A hematologist/oncologist does not only deal with cancer. The hematology part of the specialty concerns non-cancer causes of blood disorders. If his red cell count is extremely high, this would be the most appropriate referral. It is very...

Oncology (General Cancer): kidney cancer, kidney cancer, cancer question
kidney cancer, cancer question, angio seal: With the information you have provided it is not possible to say much more than I have. The only people who have more information are his drs.! They do have an obligation to inform your sister, his wife, as much as they can unless the patient has forbidden...

Oncology (General Cancer): Lump near knee and lymphadenopathy, node biopsy, supraclavicular node
node biopsy, supraclavicular node, abnormal areas: Karen, Going to an emergency room will not necessarily lead to a biopsy sooner. I would not recommend doing that unless you are really seriously ill or as a last resort. I understand that it is hard to get the system to move quickly. However, if you...

Oncology (General Cancer): Lung Cancer, chest xray, dean ph
chest xray, dean ph, michael dean: Dear Colleen. Since you have had the chest Xray and the bone scan recently I very much doubt that you have lung cancer. Most cancers do not have pain as a symptom. Did the pain in the back come with any injury or strain? If it continues, of you continue...

Oncology (General Cancer): Lymphoproliferative disorder, bone marrow test, b cells
bone marrow test, b cells, monoclonal: Dear Cindy, Your doctor means that there is a population of cells that originated from one cell and are growing without control. Their growth rate is slow and therefore your doctor feels that it is OK to follow you carefully. Should you have any further...

Oncology (General Cancer): leukophoresis, blood cell count, white blood cell
blood cell count, white blood cell, oxygen exchange: Dear Mary, High white blood cell count in AML can be associated with stickiness of the cells to the blood vessels and interfering with oxygen exchange. Leukapheresis removes as many blasts as possible to prevent these side effects and allow time for chemotherapy...

Oncology (General Cancer): how long approx, colon cancer, christmas eve
colon cancer, christmas eve, survival time: Well if he looks yellow it may have spread extensively to his liver. It sounds like a colon cancer that has spread. Anyway he sounds as if to be in a very bad shape. So probably his survival time can be measured in weeks or a couple of months at most, but...

Oncology (General Cancer): Malenoma, pushing daisies, chest xray
pushing daisies, chest xray, ounce steak: Dear Kelli, I am very sorry to hear about your dad. I understand your concern. My uncle died of melanoma and this can be a nasty disease. Once melanomas gets beyond a certain size they can spread. The critical thing is the thickness. If you can find...

Oncology (General Cancer): METATASTIC MELANOMA, malignant melanoma cells, humble gratitude
malignant melanoma cells, humble gratitude, needle biopsy: Yes, he has stage IV. The statistics you cite give the averages. However, to arrive at any average, one has patients who do better than the average and those who do worse. For your friend, the likely scenario is that the disease will recur sooner rather...

Oncology (General Cancer): Metastatic Adenocarcenoma of unknown primary, thyroid biopsy, thyroid lobe
thyroid biopsy, thyroid lobe, metastatic lesions: Well I m in about the same situation as her drs. - in fact with even less to go on! Due to what she has in her mediastinum I m however wondering about her right lung as a possible primary site. But you must understand that it is mostly a so called educated...

Oncology (General Cancer): meningioma, gregory gagnon, cavernous sinus
gregory gagnon, cavernous sinus, john adler: Melissa: I suggest going to a center which has a CyberKnife. The two institutions with the most CyberKnife experience are Stanford University (Dr. John Adler, neurosurgeon) and Georgetown (Dr. Gregory Gagnon, radiation oncologist). CyberKnife treatment...

Oncology (General Cancer): my moms cancer, brain radiation, brain tumor
brain radiation, brain tumor, lung cancers: This is something her drs. should have talked to you about. Unfortunately I do not have good news for you. It is common that lung cancers spread to the brain. If they do such cancers are incurable at present and are so far fatal. The only thing surgery, radiation...

Oncology (General Cancer): ovca, signs of ovarian cancer, hi gas
signs of ovarian cancer, hi gas, lower back pain: Hi - Gas, diarrhea and weight gain are not usually signs of ovarian cancer (or other gynecologic cancer). Unless you have a strong family history of breast and/or ovarian cancer, where close relatives of yours have had these cancers, it is very doubtful...

Oncology (General Cancer): Pancreatic cancer, whipple procedure, tumor marker
whipple procedure, tumor marker, cancer question: Hi Don, Yes this is hard. The new patient privacy rules make it hard for doctors to provide any information without the patient s consent. Ductal is the most common type and unless you are stage 1 and they can resect the whole thing, prognosis is usually...

Oncology (General Cancer): Prominent Lymph Nodes, hilar lymph nodes, enlarged lymph nodes
hilar lymph nodes, enlarged lymph nodes, asthma specialist: No also the radiologist does not know, that is why it is written that it is not possible to determine the cause of this from the x-ray pictures that is what unknown etiology means. There are so many possibilities both good and bad that I can not discuss them...

Oncology (General Cancer): Pulmonary nodule, pulmonary nodule, lung nodules
pulmonary nodule, lung nodules, lung specialist: Hi - Small lung nodules are fairly common. A 2 mm lesion typically is too small to be biopsied (sampled and examined under the microscope). Your PCP s recommendation seems quite reasonable to me. If, on the next scan, it is larger, further imaging (for...

Oncology (General Cancer): pancreatic cancer, bile ducts, gemzar
bile ducts, gemzar, metastases: Well we have no CEA level from before to compare with. I can only speculate. His tumor may have been damaged somewhat during surgery and also by medication and that MAY explain the drop in Ca 19-9. That is all I can say without risking to speculate far too...

Oncology (General Cancer): pep scan, glucose metabolism, cancer cells
glucose metabolism, cancer cells, pet scan: Dear Ria, PET scan is using a nuclear tracer that incorporates into the glucose metabolism. Cancer cells have higher glucose metabolism than the cells from which they arise. The tracer is incorporated into the cells but by the nature of its structure, it...

Oncology (General Cancer): post surgical treatment of colorectal cancer, onocologist, colorectal cancer
onocologist, colorectal cancer, web god: This is a rather small cancer and it SEEMS to have been radically removed. However I can not guarantee that - and most probably nobody else can either. Personally I would have prefered to give you radiation therapy before surgery. But I think you should in...

Oncology (General Cancer): precancerous cells of the uterus, gynecologic oncologist, lining of the uterus endometrium
gynecologic oncologist, lining of the uterus endometrium, abdominal incision: Edith, DCIS is cancer, not precancer. Precancerous cells do not necessarily progress to cancer - they can return to normal. However, they can also get worse and become cancer. This is part of the difficult uncertainty of your situation: you do not...

Oncology (General Cancer): Remission or cure, malignant melanoma, radical therapy
malignant melanoma, radical therapy, colon cancer: In many cancers where so called radical surgery has been possible - many cases of colon cancer are examples of this - can often be regarded as cured if 5 years have passed without any relapse. Some like malignant melanoma and breast cancer however can not!...

Oncology (General Cancer): a recent MRI scan on my knee, medial collateral ligament, distal femur
medial collateral ligament, distal femur, diagnostic radiologist: This report is somewhat cryptic and unfortunately I m NOT a diagnostic radiologist! I suggest that you direct this question either to an expert of diagnostic radiology here OR to the radiologist who wrote this report - ask for a clarification! I think that...

Oncology (General Cancer): Stage IV lung cancer, lung cancer survivors, small cell cancer
lung cancer survivors, small cell cancer, brain metastases: Dear Tim, I am sorry to hear about our mother. While it is unlikely that she can be cured, she definitely has options. There are a large number of clinical trials for lung cancer. You can search them here: http://www.cancer.gov/clinicaltrials/search...

Oncology (General Cancer): skin cancer, squamous cell carcinoma, medical oncologist
squamous cell carcinoma, medical oncologist, pathology report: Lauren, When the dermatologist removes the tumor, it is sent to a pathologist, who is a specially trained doctor who looks at the tissue under the microscope and determines what kind of tumor it is (i.e. squamous cell carcinoma). The pathologist can determine...

Oncology (General Cancer): stage IV esophogeal cancer, chemo therapy, esophogeal cancer
chemo therapy, esophogeal cancer, esophageal cancer: Probably - but this is a question that only her drs. can answer - she receives about as much chemo therapy as she can take without too severe side effects. But you should clrify this with her drs. The second part of your question is not for me or you to answer!...

Oncology (General Cancer): stomach pain, medical oncologist, bad taste in my mouth
medical oncologist, bad taste in my mouth, stomach cancer: I m a medical oncologist & radiation therapist not a gastroenterologist. At your age the risks of stomach and esophageal cancers are very low. But of course if you do have severe reflux problems they will increase with time. Let a gastroenterologist check...

Oncology (General Cancer): stomach pain, stomach cancer, bad taste in my mouth
stomach cancer, bad taste in my mouth, abdominal ultrasound: Michael, Your problems do not sound like esophageal or stomach cancer. These usually occur in much older people. Either cancer would nearly always progress and become obvious, clearly declaring itself as cancer, over the two to three years you have been...

Oncology (General Cancer): Treatment of breast cancer in 1967, treatment of breast cancer, cancer survivor
treatment of breast cancer, cancer survivor, breast cancer: No chemo therapy was NOT standard therapy for breast cancer in 1967 (I started in the business in 1969 and it was not standard therapy then either)! At that time only surgery & radiation therapy were standard therapies. Hormonal therapy and (experimental)...

Oncology (General Cancer): 3mm lung nodule, lung nodules, needle biopsy
lung nodules, needle biopsy, lung cancers: 90% of all lung cancers are caused by smoking so 10% are not. It is rather common to find lung nodules when you do CT scans involving the lungs. Most of these have nothing to do with cancer. The alternative to waiting and doing a new CT scan later on is to...

Oncology (General Cancer): Accuracy of ultrasound diagnosis of bladder cancer, bladder tumor, ultrasound diagnosis
bladder tumor, ultrasound diagnosis, bladder cancer: Russell, A biopsy is necessary for a cancer diagnosis. In general, it is quite simple to biopsy a bladder tumor (done at the time of cystoscopy, which, as you know, is a look into the inside of the bladder). If you would not plan on any treatment no matter...

Oncology (General Cancer): Adenocarcinoma of the Uterus, harmful drugs, arnone
harmful drugs, arnone, best health: Harini, Once you remove her Uterus then she will never be the same again. I do not advise to remove the Uterus at this time, as this harmful treatment may be reserved as a last resort only. I do not even advise to get under Chemotherapy or Radiation because...

Oncology (General Cancer): AML, acute myeloid leukemia, high fever
acute myeloid leukemia, high fever, platelet count: Dear Tarun, I m sorry to hear about your husband. Please let me know what is his age, whether the platelet count is from transfusion or his own and what is the total neutrophil count. Also, it will be important to know his AML characteristics, that is, cytogenetic...

Oncology (General Cancer): adenocarcinoma lung with bac, malignant neoplasia, radiographic findings
malignant neoplasia, radiographic findings, chemo treatment: Unfortunately I have to be the bad guy bringing bad news. There IS a cancer (an adenocarcinoma - a lung cancer not connected with smoking) in one of your specimens. That has been cut out but that is not enough since there is as with ALL lung cancers a very...

Oncology (General Cancer): left apical nodule, pulmonary vascularity, pulmonary hyperinflation
pulmonary vascularity, pulmonary hyperinflation, acute issues: Sara, Repeating the xray and/or clarification with a CT scan of the lungs/chest will shed a lot of light on whether there is or isn t anything to be concerned about. Everything your doctor said is correct. If you trust your doctor, I suggest you rely...

Oncology (General Cancer): Brother has cancer, white blood count, testicular cancers
white blood count, testicular cancers, ovarian cancers: Up to the 1980 ies testicular cancers (except seminomas which are very radiation sensitive and therefore often were cured with surgery & radiation therapy in combination already then) had a rather bad prognosis (like ovarian cancers in women still have). However...

Oncology (General Cancer): bone cancer, american cancer society, cancer centres
american cancer society, cancer centres, bone cancer: Hi, Many therapies are available for this stage with 80% chances of curing your mother. A treatment method involving dendritic cell of our own body known as Immunotherapy is available. To get a complete list of effective treatments and details: American...

Oncology (General Cancer): bowel and lung cancer, circulating tumor cells, cancer cells
circulating tumor cells, cancer cells, lymph channels: Sheikela, In medicine and health (as in life in general), there are no guarantees - though it is very, very probable that she still has cancer cells in her body. The cancer cells break off from the original tumor and migrate through the bloodstream and/or...

Oncology (General Cancer): breast cancer and lymph nodes, body rash, body itch
body rash, body itch, breast cancer: David, Lymph nodes can be enlarged for a variety of reasons, the usual one being infection; however, any kind of activation of the immune system can cause the lymph nodes to get bigger and oddly shaped. Of course, in someone with breast cancer, spread...

Oncology (General Cancer): Cancer/coughing up blood, coughing up blood, lymphoma cancer
coughing up blood, lymphoma cancer, special investigations: Every blood coughing is serious! And should be investigated, even in this situation. It may have many causes and most of them falls within the realm of a lung dr. A lung dr. can also perform special investigations like bronchoscopy and mediastinoscopy which...

Oncology (General Cancer): CEA count of 12, cancer answer, liver cancer
cancer answer, liver cancer, colon cancer: No it is NOT high. It can reach several hundreds and more. But as I wrote it is going up when it should go down due to her therapy. THAT is the important part! So probably her cancer is growing - even if slowly - when it should due to her treatment be shrinking!...

Oncology (General Cancer): Chemo Therapy and Adenoma Questions, invasive ductal carcinoma, adrenal adenomas
invasive ductal carcinoma, adrenal adenomas, ductal carcinoma: I m a Swede living in Sweden and English is not my first language. Unfortunately I have no idea what medicine it is that is called the red devil . That nickname is completely unknown and unused here. So unfortunately I can not comment on that part of your...

Oncology (General Cancer): Colon Cancer, colon cancer, palliative care
colon cancer, palliative care, stage IV: Dear Kathie, I am sorry to hear about you grandma. Cancer survival is typically measured in rates of people surviving 5 years. For stage 4 colon cancer 8-15% of patients survive 5 years. It is impossible to predict in any specific case, as it depends...

Oncology (General Cancer): Colon cancer reccurence, colon cancer, harmful drugs
colon cancer, harmful drugs, horrible effects: Sharon, Your brother will not get well with chemo or with radiation because they treat the effects of the problem and NEVER correct the cause of it. Eating organic is good to help his cells get good nutrients but that does not correct the cause either. ...

Oncology (General Cancer): cancer, cancer question, uterine cervix
cancer question, uterine cervix, bleeding between periods: Well there is indeed a gynecological problem there. At your age your cancer risk there (INSIDE your womb) should be small but that is no guarantee. The risk with regards to your uterine cervix is higher. If possible a biopsy should be done ASAP! Good luck!...

Oncology (General Cancer): colon cancer screening, colonoscopy without sedation, colon cancer screening
colonoscopy without sedation, colon cancer screening, degree relatives: Yes the sigmo will only pick up tumors in the lower colon. I am actually having a routine colonoscopy tomorrow, and it is news to me that it can be done without anesthesia. There are some genetic conditions that predispose to colon cancer. With 2 first...

Oncology (General Cancer): colonoscrophy, colon cancer, family history
colon cancer, family history, colonoscopy: Dear Lisa, You are right to be proactive. Your physician has it partially right. Here is an article on the subject: http://www.annalssurgicaloncology.org/cgi/content/full/9/5/425 Current guidelines suggest getting a colonoscopy at age 40 for those...

Oncology (General Cancer): Denial of cancer surgery due to Diabetes, diabetes type ii, cancer surgeon
diabetes type ii, cancer surgeon, diabetes results: Tim, If the surgeon is an experienced cancer surgeon, I would accept his/her recommendation against surgery. This kind of surgery is very complex and relatively high risk, and even higher in someone with diabetes. Surgery is but one treatment for cancer...

Oncology (General Cancer): dads report, radiation oncologist, microangiopathy
radiation oncologist, microangiopathy, exerpts: I do see many MRI scans and reports. You are giving me exerpts without a context - these phrases therefore are impossible for me to interpret. If you want to give me the background - the particular condition being discussed as well as the entire report,...

Oncology (General Cancer): epididmitis, docter, urologist
docter, urologist, testicles: I am afraid that I do not know the answer. In fact, all I have are questions... When did you see the doctor? How long have you been taking the antibiotics? Which antibiotic are you taking? Where, exactly, is the lump? Did the doctor talk about doing...

Oncology (General Cancer): excessive weight loss, cervical subluxation, excessive weight loss
cervical subluxation, excessive weight loss, st louis mo: Jeremy, Do not wait any longer for trouble to show up and then hope that you can treat it at that point. What you need to do is head trouble off beforehand. Since your Nervous system runs every cell in your body, it just makes sense to have your nervous...

Oncology (General Cancer): extreme weight loss, groin nodes,joint aches, extreme weight loss, biopsy results
extreme weight loss, biopsy results, lymph node: There are several but without much more information I do not want to speculate. The important matter here is your biopsies. They will tell us if there is any cancer or not! If not they may also tell us what it is instead. So we should wait for those results!...

Oncology (General Cancer): F/U questions pls, immune system response, septra ds
immune system response, septra ds, flank pain: Dear Brandi, please abstain from all these acronyms/abbreviations! Big risk of misunderstandings/mistakes. If you do I ll be happy to answer! Sir, I m a Swede living in Sweden and English is not my first language. Your acronyms/abbreviations may be standard...

Oncology (General Cancer): Father Diagnosed w/non-small cell lung cancer, cell lung cancer, lung cancer stage iiib
cell lung cancer, lung cancer stage iiib, non small cell lung cancer: Kristina, Everything you have described sounds very much in keeping with standard, good care. Yes, it is usual to start treatment ASAP when there is SVC obstruction. A reduction of 10% before treatment is complete is, I would say, typical - very often,...

Oncology (General Cancer): Lymph Node Enlargement And Fibroadanoma In Breast, dense breast tissue, lobular carcinoma
Oncology (General Cancer): Lymph Node Enlargement And Fibroadanoma In Breast, dense breast tissue, lobular carcinoma, breast surgeon

Oncology (General Cancer): Is this fast growing?, small cell cancers, stage 4 lung cancer
small cell cancers, stage 4 lung cancer, cat scan with contrast: Sharon, I don t think the incident was related to the situation I was describing, which does not go away. What caused the puffiness when he had it? Allergies can do this, as can other conditions. It is difficult to state with much accuracy how quickly...

Oncology (General Cancer): Hazards of 400 nm lasers?, non ionizing radiation, thermal burns
non ionizing radiation, thermal burns, laser safety: This is non ionizing radiation, so outside my area of expertise here. But as far as I know there are no dangers to skin except thermal burns. There are however obvious dangers to eyes. An expert of dermatology (skin medicine) can probably give you more information...

Oncology (General Cancer): Head, mri brain scan, signs of brain cancer
mri brain scan, signs of brain cancer, cancer answer: Well tension & stress are possible causes for such symptoms. Were any one of your drs. a neurologist? If that was the case the verdict is probably correct. If you are very worried an MRI brain scan could conclusively show if your symptoms are due to a brain...

Oncology (General Cancer): hypermetabolic activity in left ankle, papillary thyroid cancer, liver lesion
papillary thyroid cancer, liver lesion, mri images: Mary, This is a complex question, as you have had three cancers. If you have had an early (stage I) breast cancer, localized papillary thyroid cancer (which is generally very slow growing and readily curable) and superficial, nonmetastatic melanoma, the...

Oncology (General Cancer): Low White Cells, white blood cells, low neutrophil count
white blood cells, low neutrophil count, blood cell count: Dear Kari, One needs to have more investigations. For example, is his total white blood cell count within normal range? If so, what constitutes the rest of the white blood cells. Also, what is the duration of this low neutrophil count? I think that a comprehensive...

Oncology (General Cancer): Lump On Neck, thyroid nodule, thyroid nodules
thyroid nodule, thyroid nodules, london ontario canada: Leslie, The information you have provided is not sufficient for me to be very specific, but many things argue against cancer - In general, cancer is not painful. Cancerous lumps usually increase in size over time - they do not characteristically appear,...

Oncology (General Cancer): Lung Nodule, st louis missouri, lung nodule
st louis missouri, lung nodule, loss of appetite: Alyce, Of course any internal growth could be cancer. They would have to do a tissue cell biopsy to determine the nature of the cells to see if it is cancerous. What I would like to tell you though is: What is it is cancer, or if it isn t? Either way...

Oncology (General Cancer): Lymph Node Enlargement And Fibroadanoma In Breast, fibroadanoma, fibrocystic breast
fibroadanoma, fibrocystic breast, lymph node enlargement: I do understand your concern! Personally I think that a needle biopsy would be just fine and enough. To be quite honest I think that this removal is done more for financial rather than strict medical reasons, but DO NOT quote me on that! What they have seen...

Oncology (General Cancer): lab results, needle biopsies, renal cysts
needle biopsies, renal cysts, oxygen machine: Dear Barbara, I m here ONLY as a cancer expert so I must respectfully insist on declining to answer this type of wide area internal medicine question. Any lesion seen in your liver by CT or MRI or ultrasound scans can and should if necessary be checked with...

Oncology (General Cancer): lump, swollen testicle, epididmitis
swollen testicle, epididmitis, cipro: yeah, you should be concerned. I m not saying it is cancer or that you shouldn t finish the antibiotics, but it does sound suspicious. If the lump is definitely onthe front or side of the testicle, then I would insist on an ultrasound now. If not and it does...

Oncology (General Cancer): lung nodule, high white blood count, white blood count
high white blood count, white blood count, blood cell count: Hi, Very small spots (3.5 mm) in the lungs are quite common. They usually are NOT cancer-related. But, another CT scan should be arranged to make sure it is not getting bigger. Most do not enlarge. An elevated white count in the urine is common...

Oncology (General Cancer): lung shadow, smoking, pneumonia
smoking, pneumonia, lung infection: Dear Rebbecca, Pneumonia can be very hard to treat. They can be caused by a number of bacteria and viruses, and some of the bacteria have developed resistance. The crackles are a sign of lung damage or scarring, almost certainly a result of the smoking....

Oncology (General Cancer): METASTATIC LIVER CANCER, stage 4 liver cancer, malignant melanomas
stage 4 liver cancer, malignant melanomas, nausea medication: Unfortunately malignant melanomas are not very sensitive to radiation therapy or chemotherapy! There may be a liver failure but his melanoma may appear elsewhere too! It is hard to predict survival times. Anywhere from a few months to a year. But it is an...

Oncology (General Cancer): Myeloproliferative Disorder, stem cell transplantation, clinicaltrials gov
stem cell transplantation, clinicaltrials gov, enlarged spleen: Dear Mary, There are other studies for JAK2 positive diseases in the country. If your mother is up for a travel, please check the clinicaltrials.gov website for availability and eligibility. Please check with the site you find before making any trip arrangements....

Oncology (General Cancer): meningioma in cavernous sinus, pituitary macroadenoma, pediatric neurosurgeon
pituitary macroadenoma, pediatric neurosurgeon, cavernous sinus: David, Even if the blood tests are normal, this can still be coming from the pituitary gland. Not all pituitary tumors produce the hormones that are measured in the blood tests. Biopsies of tumors in the pituitary region are generally very safe. If an...

Oncology (General Cancer): NON-SMALL CELL LUNG CANCER, lung x ray
lung x ray: Dear Cindy, This finding is a fairly common finding, and does not necessarily indicate a problem. It can be caused by the liver pushing up on the diaphragm, trauma, aortic aneurysm, or viral infection. Cancer is rarely a cause. We can t give specific...

Oncology (General Cancer): NSCLC - Elevated IL-8, c reactive protein, ct pet
c reactive protein, ct pet, tumor burden: Unfortunately it MAY indicate a tumor progress so that his tumor burden is increasing but too early to be indicated by other means. Only time will tell if that is a correct interpretation. Only more chemotherapy MAY help - at least temporarily - if the interpretation...

Oncology (General Cancer): Odd bumps, seigle, doctor visits
seigle, doctor visits, biopsies: Patrick, What you are describing does NOT sound like cancer. Many things come and go - if these bumps persist (do not go away on their own), you should have it checked by a family doctor or internist. Bumps like the ones you have described can be caused...

Oncology (General Cancer): Ovarian cancer my 84 year old Mother, survival prognosis, chest x ray
survival prognosis, chest x ray, ca 125 levels: This does not sound good! It does sound as if her cancer(s) has/have spread. If so - probable but not yet quite sure - she is a stage 4 case with a very bad prognosis. A 6 months survival prognosis seems reasonable unfortunately under these circumstances....

Oncology (General Cancer): Possible Danger of Car Insulation, bibrelass, cancer
bibrelass, cancer: Dear Elizabeth, Extensive studies have shown that fibreglass is not a carcinogen. Fibreglass: The epidemiological results of studies have not shown any increase in respiratory disease or cancer. The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC)...

Oncology (General Cancer): pet scans & heart disease, bone scan, lung cancer
bone scan, lung cancer: Dear Mr. Finley, I am sorry to hear about your problems. The bone scan can tell if the cancer has spread, although a biopsy s needed to absolutely confirm the diagnosis. There are npn-surgical methods to shrink tumors such as focused radiation and heat...

Oncology (General Cancer): prostate cancer, laymans terms, pain pills
laymans terms, pain pills, benign enlargement: PSA is a rather uncertain test, but unfortunately more or less the only we have for prostate cancer. It should be below at least 4 - even better if below 3 - for not being regarded as pathological. If higher it MAY indicate a prostate cancer, but it may be...

Oncology (General Cancer): Question about lung cancer - is it?, lung specialist pulmonologist, stages of lung cancer
lung specialist pulmonologist, stages of lung cancer, chest x ray: Jay, Your father should have a chest CT. This is better at picking up any problem which could be producing a cough. A dry cough can be caused by all sorts of things that have nothing to do with cancer - if he has a negative chest CT scan, it almost certainly...

Oncology (General Cancer): query!!!, diagnostic radiologists, medical oncologists
diagnostic radiologists, medical oncologists, hard palate: Oh, this was a hard one! With this diagnosis a combined approach involving ear-nose-and-throat surgeons as well as radiation therapists and medical oncologists MUST be followed! It is impossible from here (Stockholm, Sweden) to give you detailed instructions!...

Oncology (General Cancer): RBC, MCV, MCH, MCHC, RDW, bone marrow biopsy, folic acid levels
bone marrow biopsy, folic acid levels, serum iron: What are the Hb (hemoglobine), the hematocrite and the MCV levels? This MAY be a mixed anemia with both iron deficiency, hemolytic and B12 & folic acid deficiency components. Has a bone marrow biopsy been done? What is the serum iron level? Any other signs...

Oncology (General Cancer): Reinkes edema and, posterior commissure, pink discoloration
posterior commissure, pink discoloration, medial edge: Dear Sally, I do understand your concern but there are some complications here. I can give you advice on strictly medical matters but not the rest because I m a Swede, living in Sweden! I have no idea of U.S. medical insurance matters, even less of those in...

Oncology (General Cancer): Renal cancer, renal cell cancer, liver enzyme levels
renal cell cancer, liver enzyme levels, createnine: Dear Marilyn, I do understand your concern but what you ask me to do is quite hard to do - in fact next to impossible. Apart from what you have told me and my general kidney cancer knowledge I have next to nothing to base my opinion on. Ok I ll give it a try...

Oncology (General Cancer): Secondary Liver Cancer, folfox 6, secondary liver cancer
folfox 6, secondary liver cancer, chemotherapy treatments: Depends on what kind of cancer this is. A colon cancer or a carcinoid. I need to know that. Recently I have answered 2 questions with regards to 2 different patients both with colon cancer that had spread to their livers. Both had survived 6 years of chemotherapy....

Oncology (General Cancer): Stage IV Metastatic Melanoma, stage iv metastatic melanoma, robert mcdermott
stage iv metastatic melanoma, robert mcdermott, michael atkins: Neither radiation therapy nor conventional chemotherapy are of much help against malignant melanoma since these tumors usually are not particularly sensitive to these therapies. So it is unfortunately hardly something I can recommend! I m sorry I have nothing...

Oncology (General Cancer): Swollen lymph nodes, biopsied once, reactive lymph node, swollen lymph node
reactive lymph node, swollen lymph node, swollen lymph nodes: I doubt that this is cancer just as your dr. does. However since you worry about it thin/fine needle aspiration biopsies of all the lymph nodes you can feel can be done in order to make sure that they are not cancerous in any way. Personally I think that it...

Oncology (General Cancer): slurred speech, blurred vision, off balance, cell lung cancer, medical oncologist
cell lung cancer, medical oncologist, brain tumors: I m a medical oncologist & radiation therapist with experience of treating brain tumors BUT I m not a neurologist or a neurosurgeon. For an answer to this specific question I strongly suggest that you direct your question to an expert of neurology! I have...

Oncology (General Cancer): my sons life, mri brain scans, check ups
mri brain scans, check ups, mass effect: With this kind of lesion a regular check up with a neurologist dr. or a neurosurgeon including MRI brain scans would be normal. Such check ups may not show any change but without doing it that can not be known. So I think it should be done. Blood tests are...

Oncology (General Cancer): Testicular cancer / possible lung cancer, lung cancer diagnosis, bilateral orchiectomy
lung cancer diagnosis, bilateral orchiectomy, orchiectomy surgery: BeverlyAnn, When there are multiple suspicious lung nodules, it is very possible that the cancer has spread to the lungs from another site. When cancer is spread throughout the body, it is called metastasis. Some kinds of cancer are treatable, even...

Oncology (General Cancer): understanding ct test, nodular density, diagnostic radiologist
nodular density, diagnostic radiologist, lung nodules: I m a medical oncologist & radiation therapist NOT a diagnostic radiologist who is the kind of person you really should ask to explain this. CT scans of the lungs usually show a number of nodules most of which are of very doubtful importance. But discuss this...

Oncology (General Cancer): unexpected rapid weight loss, full body scan, rapid weight loss
full body scan, rapid weight loss, forklift operator: Julie, The CT, MRI and ultrasound are all imaging methods similar to an X-ray. They are performed externally and there is no way to do a biopsy. If they detect something unusual they can of course go back in with a thin needle (often guided by the imaging)...

Oncology (General Cancer): how it works, causes of cancer
causes of cancer: Dear Edward, I am very sorry to hear about your dad. Death from cancer can from many causes. Blood cancers can deplete the immune system, many tumors secrete toxins that cause severe weight loss. The treatments for many cancer (radiation, surgery, chemotherapy)...

Oncology (General Cancer): 3mm lung nodule., lung nodule, medical route
lung nodule, medical route, cancerous cells: Rov, Although cancerous cells are more aggressive than non-cancerous cells, what you and your Mom need to be concerned with is the cause and not the effects. You see, all of her doctors and the both of you are looking at the effects of the real problem,...

Oncology (General Cancer): AML recurrence after stem cell transplant, stem cell transplant, mitotic cells
stem cell transplant, mitotic cells, chromosome analysis: Donna, Will they be able to test for that? The reason I m asking is that there are several FLT-3 inhibitors that one can try if you dad s disease is positive. Those agents by themselves are not sufficient but can be given with chemotherapy. Other options...

Oncology (General Cancer): Blood Work, smudge cells, differential diagnosis
smudge cells, differential diagnosis, hematologist: Dear Doug, Smudge cells are distorted cells. At 1% they reflect processing problem, at 2-3% they can occur in an infection but at the 20% range, CLL is high on the differential diagnosis. Seeing a hematologist is a good plan and one week is a fine interval....

Oncology (General Cancer): Blood work up, low basophils, cold hands and feet
low basophils, cold hands and feet, white blood count: Kelly, I can just say that iron deficiency anemia results in small (not large) red blood cells. However, I m not saying that this is your diagnosis; I m just correcting your assumption. I suggest that we wait for the additional tests. Finally, I don t know...

Oncology (General Cancer): babies, fertility problem, congenital problems
fertility problem, congenital problems, testicular cancer: Yes, it is safe. The likelihood of congenital problems from chemo is zero. Children of men who had chemo for testicular cancer are no more or less likely to have kids with problems than any normal man. Whether or not he is fertile is a different question....

Oncology (General Cancer): biopsy of the spleen, american cancer society, non hodgkin s lymphoma
american cancer society, non hodgkin s lymphoma, white blood cells: Its probably Lymphoma so lymoh nodes are lighting up in different areas. I recommend blood examination first for malignant cells. After that, biopsy can be done (only once needed) for confirming if blood examination is not showing cancerous cells. The...

Oncology (General Cancer): Cancer Survivor 11 Years, cancer survivor, survivor 11
cancer survivor, survivor 11, bone cancer: Shirline, I am sorry you are having these difficulties. I suggest a chest CT as a starting point. This study includes both lungs and chest wall. A cough would generally not be caused by spread of cancer to the bone, and I therefore think you should have...

Oncology (General Cancer): chemo necessary?, breast cancer, adjuvant therapy
breast cancer, adjuvant therapy: Dear Marcha, I am sorry to hear about your cancer and the loss of your mother. Typically IDC is followed up be adjuvant therapy, which can include chemo, radiation therapy, hormonal, therapy, or targeted therapy. Usually this is done soon after the...

Oncology (General Cancer): ct scan results, mold
mold: Nichole, I would definitely see a specialist in autoimmune disorders to start with since your symptoms are so closely tied to your cycle. You are right that mold can cause very serious illness, depending on the type of mold and the person. See here:...

Oncology (General Cancer): cysticphybrosis, cystic fibrosis
cystic fibrosis: Janice, I assume you mean Cystic Fibrosis. This is a genetic disease that affects the tissues that secrete fluids such as the lungs, pancreas, sweat ducts. Patients have nutritional problems from a lack of digestive enzymes and lung problems due to congestion...

Oncology (General Cancer): enlarged lymph nodes, enlarged lymph nodes, motherly instinct
enlarged lymph nodes, motherly instinct, hemotologist: I think you should insist on a biopsy if that is something that would make YOU feel more at ease. You/your son are the patients and are well within your rights to ask for this procedure. If the doctor does not feel it is necessary, ask why and then make a...

Oncology (General Cancer): extensive small cell lung cancer, cell lung cancer, small cell lung cancer
cell lung cancer, small cell lung cancer, chemo: Radiation and chemo can not cure him at present though they MAY relieve his symptoms to some extent - but also cause some side effects - and prolong his survival. It is hard to evaluate a single case from afar but this is what I can tell you. If he was my...

Oncology (General Cancer): how fast is fast growing small cell cancer? regarding 5, small cell cancer, mri search
small cell cancer, mri search, kidney failure: Most tumors have been there (growing from only one cell that due to a number of mutations has turned cancerous) much longer than was previously understood. That basic fact was the basis of my evaluation. Of course there is even so quite some uncertainty in...

Oncology (General Cancer): Is this fast growing - Lung Cancer, stage 4 lung cancer, cat scan with contrast
stage 4 lung cancer, cat scan with contrast, cancer history: 1. Since it is a lung cancer that has spread to the other lung it is aytomatically a stage 4 lung cancer. So now located in both lungs. Yes it is growing quite fast. 2. Cancers not only grow. Some of it may die off due to lack of oxygenated blood. The tumor...

Oncology (General Cancer): Gallbladder cancer, liver function test, gallbladder cancer
liver function test, gallbladder cancer, heavy drinker: I m sorry to read about your wife s troubles! My mother unfortunately died from the same condition but she was 91 at the time. 1. Unfortunately there are rarely any good treatment options with this tumor. 2. Since this indeed is rare there are really no specialists...

Oncology (General Cancer): Gastric cancer and stem cell research, american cancer society, cancer centres
american cancer society, cancer centres, small intestine: Hi, Many therapies are available. A treatment method using stem cells is not available but a treatment method involving dendritic cell of our own body known as Immunotherapy is available. Stem cell is the precursor of all cells whereas dendtritic cell is...

Oncology (General Cancer): gastric cancer, true wellness, small intestine
true wellness, small intestine, immune cells: Kevin, Of course I have suggestions, and I only wish that you had asked me this BEFORE you had her stomach cut out. If you had then she would have had a much better chance to fully recover. Now, she has limitations that will only allow her to improve so...

Oncology (General Cancer): gastric cancer with stem cell research, stomach cancer, stem cells
stomach cancer, stem cells: Dear Kevin, I m sorry to hear about your mother. My mother-in-law died of stomach cancer, so sympathize. Researchers are searching for stomach cancer stem cells, but they have not been described, and there is no targeted therapy for cancer stem cells,...

Oncology (General Cancer): genetic testing for ovarian cancer, male breast cancer, cancer question
male breast cancer, cancer question, jewish populations: Thanks. That makes it a little more complicated. For a complete analysis and advice you should see a genetic counselor (we actually can t give specific advice on this site). My advice remains the same. You should take as good care of your health as possible...

Oncology (General Cancer): High Platelet Count Post-Chemo, essential thrombocytosis, summary time
essential thrombocytosis, summary time, myelofibrosis: Dear John, One has to determine whether it is only an overshoot or recurrence of the essential thrombocytosis. If it is an overshoot, the platelet count will return to normal over time. In summary, time and if necessary a bone marrow will answer the question....

Oncology (General Cancer): kidney, kidney cancer, left kidney
kidney cancer, left kidney, urology surgeon: His new tumor MAY be a sign that his old tumor has returned, but it is more probable that this is a new tumor. Treatment of kidney cancer (as I presume this to be) is primarily surgical. Normally the whole kidney is removed but that is hardly possible here...

Oncology (General Cancer): Link Between Polyunsaturated Fat Intake & Cancer?, polyunsaturated fats, cancer
polyunsaturated fats, cancer: Dear Andrew, A very good question. The short answer is that scientific studies do not support polyunsaturated fats as an important risk factor for cancer. Might they contribute long term? Perhaps but we don t know. I found the first 2 articles you cited...

Oncology (General Cancer): Lots of cancer in the family, inherited cancer, BRCA mucations
inherited cancer, BRCA mucations: Dear Kim, You are doing the right things by being informed and taking proper prevention measures for your health. This does seem like more cancer than you d expect by chance. You are right that lifestyle could account for some of it. For a proper...

Oncology (General Cancer): Lung Cancer, Brain Tumor, Stress, stage 4 lung cancer, cell lung cancer
stage 4 lung cancer, cell lung cancer, non small cell lung cancer: YOU should have clicked to make this question private! I can not do that. Sorry! His brain tumor is probably due to that his lung cancer has spread to his brain. That is quite common with lung cancers. Well if this was my father I would tell all visitors not...

Oncology (General Cancer): liver, liver metastasis, white thistle
liver metastasis, white thistle, ca19 9: The best treatment would be: 1. Give one dose of Immunotherapy so that the large foci wil become small and small foci in pancreas will hopefully be eradicated/cured in two doses. 2. At the same time we start chemotherapy to control the tumors. cost...

Oncology (General Cancer): lymphoma, lymph system, matter of choice
lymph system, matter of choice, chemo: From my research on the subject I would have to say the prognosis is not a good one. At her advanced age, you are correct in thinking the chemo might be worse for her. It comes down to a matter of choice and how the doctor thinks she would handle treatment....

Oncology (General Cancer): MDS, ataxia telangiectasia, acute leukemia
ataxia telangiectasia, acute leukemia, bloom syndrome: Dear Andy, Diseases like ataxia telangiectasia, Fancon s anemia and Bloom syndrome can develop into MDS and leukemia. Also, siblings of patients with acute leukemia have an increased risk of developing leukemia. Should you have any further questions, please...

Oncology (General Cancer): Melanoma, melanoma skin cancer, lung specimen
melanoma skin cancer, lung specimen, malignant melanoma: I suppose that your lung specimen was checked by a pathologist after your surgery?! If so your diagnosis should be sure! Malignant melanoma and lung cancer are 2 different tumors and the pathologist should be able to see the difference. In theory a melanoma...

Oncology (General Cancer): Mouth lesion, squamous cell carcinoma, incision line
squamous cell carcinoma, incision line, adequate margins: Maribeth, A low grade mucoepidermoid tumor which is completely removed surgically, with adequate margins of tissue and no problematic features within the tumor microscopically, can sometimes be treated with excision alone. If there is a positive margin...

Oncology (General Cancer): mestasis liver cancer, whipple procedure, liver failure
whipple procedure, liver failure, liver cancer: It is his pancreatic cancer that has spread to his liver and that is rather common in these cases. If chemo therapy is impossible most probably nothing else can be done too unfortunately. In this situation without any treatment his survival time will probably...

Oncology (General Cancer): Possible carcinoid, 5 hiaa, dvts
5 hiaa, dvts, neuroendocrine tumour: That test should be combined with a test for dU-5-HIAA which is a serotonine metabolite. Also other tests for other peptides are available. As is a scintigraphy (and even a PET scintigraphy) somatostatine receptor search test whereby any such tumor may be...

Oncology (General Cancer): Possible Lymphoma, small intestine, ebstein barr
small intestine, ebstein barr, cat scratch: Well, you seem to be correct about the spreading of Lymphoma through surgery according to the research I have done on it to this point. I just know that that is what the doctor at the time told us and I think it probably can since it IS a cancer of the blood...

Oncology (General Cancer): Prostate cancer metastasis to the lymphatic system and spinal fluid., prostate cancer metastasis, morbidity rate
prostate cancer metastasis, morbidity rate, cancer metastasized: If it indeed has spread that far - which is rare so I can not quote statistics for you - his situation is most probably very serious and a cure is probably impossible since this must be regarded as a stage 4 (worst) cancer. It may be possible to control it...

Oncology (General Cancer): Protein C in blood is high?, fatigue, dizziness
fatigue, dizziness, pregnancy: Dear Lolita, Do you mean C-reactive protein? If so this is a marker for infection or inflammation. If it is high it can mean that you have an infection. How many weeks pregnant are you? Are you eating well, and drinking plenty of fluids? Several small...

Oncology (General Cancer): painful swollen lymphnode under arm, lumps under armpits, swollen lymphnode
lumps under armpits, swollen lymphnode, brest cancer: Darlene, It is normal to feel small, oval, moveable lymph nodes in the armpits. As your doctor has explained, an enlarged node most commonly is caused by infection. Lymph nodes with cancer rarely are painful. A tender node is much more typical of infection....

Oncology (General Cancer): Radiation pneumonotis?, tiny nodules, tb medication
tiny nodules, tb medication, chest x ray: A lot of your question is outside my area of expertise here. I have had nothing to do with tuberculosis since the 1970 ies so I can not claim any expertise there today. a. No not any real change. b. Possible, see my previous answer. c. See above, outside my...

Oncology (General Cancer): radiation exposure, radiation exposure, back ground
radiation exposure, back ground, ill effects: So you have had x-ray exposure from 4 to 6 occasions. That is certainly higher than normal but still within reason. The amount of extra radiation there (we are all subject to normal natural back ground radiation - how much depends on your location) most...

Oncology (General Cancer): re:Seriously please I'm scared & confused rewritten history by patient, flank pain, mantle cell
flank pain, mantle cell, left kidney: Dear Tamara, I m a Swede living in Sweden so it is very hard for me to help you to solve local problems that are more related to your insurance situation than with medical facts. For that you should consult an American expert here. With regards to your kidney...

Oncology (General Cancer): Stomach Cancer, stage 4, stage 4 cancer, stomach cancer
stage 4 cancer, stomach cancer, distant organs: Danie, Stage IV stomach cancer, in its broadest sense, means that the cancer is very extensive. Stage IV is the highest stage there is. Very extensive can mean a number of things, though. It can be extensive in the stomach area, with invasion of the...

Oncology (General Cancer): Swollen lymph node, oral antibiotic, belly ache
oral antibiotic, belly ache, plaquinil: If you are concerned and the GP doesn t seem to be, then I would do two things: 1) get another GP 2) have the new GP, or the old one if you prefer to stay with him/her, look AT the lump, not around the general area. It is your body, and if the doc isn t doing...

Oncology (General Cancer): swollen lymph node, inguinal lymph nodes, inguinal nodes
inguinal lymph nodes, inguinal nodes, swollen lymph: Andrea, An enlarged inguinal node that appears as you have described is very worrisome and may be spread of melanoma. A melanoma which begins in a leg often spreads next to the groin nodes. He should definitely see his oncologist and have imaging studies...

Oncology (General Cancer): Thinking about getting tested for BRCA, inherited cancer, BRCA mucations
inherited cancer, BRCA mucations: Dear Laura, Based on what you told me yes I think it is worth talking to a genetic counselor. Was the grandmother your fathers mother? Ideally it would be good to test one of the breast or ovarian cancer cases, if any are alive. It could be that there...

Oncology (General Cancer): Thyroid ultrasound, upper cervical spine, doppler sonography
upper cervical spine, doppler sonography, thyroid ultrasound: Kim, The endocrinologist knows all about the Thyroid, but what he does not know is that the Thyroid is a part of the human body, and the human body functions in its totality and not in parts. Your Thyroid is under direct control of your nervous system. ...

Oncology (General Cancer): testis, late bloomer, limp penis
late bloomer, limp penis, lower back pain: The system says that I didn t respond to this message. I thought I had, so sorry about the delay... Lower back pain usually means you hurt your back. Only on rare occasions does it mean testicular cancer. The way to know if your testicles are swollen is...

Oncology (General Cancer): tumor report, brain tumors, frontal lobes
brain tumors, frontal lobes, temador: I see. Well necrotic samples are of no use. Without pathology we are at a loss. Yes radiology (MRI) does give some indications but it can not compete with pathology. I would definitely prefer to have pathology but sometimes like here you have to act without...

Oncology (General Cancer): Yolk Sac Tumor Cancer, yolk sac tumor, cancer resource center
yolk sac tumor, cancer resource center, testicular cancer resource center: I am afraid that the prognosis is less than wonderful. I d like more facts (and it might be better to contact me directly at dougbank@alum.mit.edu as this might be a long conversation), but it sounds like he has a late recurrence. Late recurrences of testicular...

Oncology (General Cancer): Acute Mylogenic Leukemia, stem cell transplant, protective environment
stem cell transplant, protective environment, chemo: Dear JL, Patients usually get hospitalized for the chemo unless it is a reduced intensity regimen. If the TBI follows the chemo, it will depend whether the patient is hospitalized for the chemo or not. Usually one would not discharge a patient (if got admitted...

Oncology (General Cancer): Bone cancer, stage 4 breast cancer, stage 4 cancer
stage 4 breast cancer, stage 4 cancer, aromatase inhibitors: Well unfortunately you are now a case of stage 4 breast cancer since it has spread to your bones. A stage 4 cancer case is in principle incurable at present but it may be controllable with a combination of hormonal therapy (tamoxifen or aromatase inhibitors),...

Oncology (General Cancer): CA-19 Blood Test, internal medicine specialist, systemic lupus erythematosus
internal medicine specialist, systemic lupus erythematosus, abdominal cavity: hi, 30 biopsies !! you scared me. Send all his papers or at leat first and last 3 to me at medlifeasia@gmail.com CA19 can also be detected in case of inflammatory disease of the bowel, cirrhosis, and autoimmune conditions including rheumatoid arthritis...

Oncology (General Cancer): Chemo not working, 23 nodes, radiation therapy
23 nodes, radiation therapy, breast cancer: Decisions with regards to chemotherapy must be done by the dr. in charge of her therapy who has all relevant clinical information. Hormonal therapy may also be an option. Local radiation therapy, for example electrons, to her chest wall may also be an option....

Oncology (General Cancer): cancer dx.., kidney cancers, kidney cancer
kidney cancers, kidney cancer, survival times: It is not common but it does happen now and then. Probably he has had some symptoms earlier but neglected them. Unfortunately his cancer now seems to have spread widely. If it has spread it is now a stage 4 kidney cancer. The treatment of kidney cancers is...

Oncology (General Cancer): cancer pain, cancer pain, pain medicine
cancer pain, pain medicine, red bumps: Hi, It may be that your cancer has returned. The pain in shoulders is due to irritation of nerves in the lungs. In your case, There is a treatment called Immunotherapy which will treat cancer of yours type without any side effects. We are the only organization...

Oncology (General Cancer): cervical cancer, pre cancerous cells, cone biopsy
pre cancerous cells, cone biopsy, real cancer: These cells do not come from what was removed. They come from elsewhere on your cervix. They are obviously not dysplastic enough to warrant any more drastic actions than follow up at present. Development from one level of dysplasia to a worse level is not...

Oncology (General Cancer): my dad, type of lung cancer, lung cancers
type of lung cancer, lung cancers, uncommon situation: Unfortunately with primary lung cancer the prognosis is almost always bad (and if this is a secondary cancer it is in that case a stage 4 cancer also with a bad prognosis). Chemotherapy & radiation therapy may prolong survival. But unfortunately I can not...

Oncology (General Cancer): Fallopian cancer - stage 4 nexe to my pericardium, radical hysterectomy, vena cava
radical hysterectomy, vena cava, back seat driver: Both cancers and patients are individuals not identical copies/clones. There are therefore big individual differences both in tumor response to therapy and patient side effects. Thus it is impossible to state any general time length for both side effects and...

Oncology (General Cancer): Hard Lump on Ulnar Bone, medical possibilities, left forearm
medical possibilities, left forearm, tendon rupture: Yes an MRI will probably be helpful. Probably could cause that much pain. Well we really do not know how long it has been there and almond size is not very big! They are definitely capable of dealing with this. However a biopsy MAY be necessary. We will see....

Oncology (General Cancer): Hereditary risk for cancer, colon cancer screenings, cancer syndromes
colon cancer screenings, cancer syndromes, cancer question: You are welcome. I would start with the oncologist that your brother saw, if that is possible, and see what he advises, or if he can refer you to someone. If you have trouble, let me know and I can help find someone that could look into it. All the...

Oncology (General Cancer): Heterogeneous Appearance to Bone Marrow, facet injections, proximal femur
facet injections, proximal femur, herbal medicines: Your case needs detailed workup. It may be leukemia. Let me know the progress and be in touch with me.you cal also send your first three and last three reports on medlifeasia@gmail.com We treat patients at our centre with problems similar to yours through...

Oncology (General Cancer): High WBC and umbilical discharge, bone marrow biopsy, swollen lymph nodes
bone marrow biopsy, swollen lymph nodes, testicular ultrasound: This may very well be caused by a local infection/inflammation close to his navel. I can not explain why it was not seen on his CT but there may be a technical reason. Yes I do support a new ultrasound scan and maybe a new CT scan done in conjunction with...

Oncology (General Cancer): Infection in Lymphedemia Arm, lymph node cancer, cancer surgery
lymph node cancer, cancer surgery, antiseptic cream: This is a common problem after lymph node cancer surgery & radiation therapy so it is certainly not unknown to me. Antibiotics should NOT be used without a real reason and only rarely prophylactically. You seem to have done everything reasonably possible to...

Oncology (General Cancer): Kidney Cyst, irregular heart beat, kidney doctor
irregular heart beat, kidney doctor, kidney cyst: You SHOULD mention ALL your symptoms to your dr. - how else will your dr. know about them?! If your dr. finds your kidney lesion suspect it is the obligation and duty of your dr. to investigate it further! And under those circumstances it SHOULD be investigated....

Oncology (General Cancer): Lumps on both testicles, testicular cancer, epididymis
testicular cancer, epididymis, testicle: No, not at all. Testicular cancer usually presents on the side or front of the testicle. In actuality, lumps on the top of the testicle are not really on the testicle at all. They are on the epididymis, which sort of covers the top, bottom and back of the...

Oncology (General Cancer): Lung Cancer (NON-SMOKER), squamous cell cancers, lung cancer deaths
squamous cell cancers, lung cancer deaths, lung cancer cases: About 90% of all lung cancers are due to smoking so 10% are not. Those not associated with smoking are mostly adenocarcinomas while the smoking associated cancers are mostly squamous cell cancers. Before smoking (mainly by cigarettes) was common adenocarcinomas...

Oncology (General Cancer): lump behind left testicle, right abdomen, dull ache
right abdomen, dull ache, testicular cancer: This does not sound like testicular cancer. For it to be testicular cancer, it would need to be a lump on the testicle itself, not freely floating in the scrotum or attached to any of the cords. Nevertheless, if it is bothering you or something in the...

Oncology (General Cancer): lymphoma cancer, lymphoma cancer, stage4
lymphoma cancer, stage4, chemo treatments: If your mother is in stage 4, the prognosis is usually not that good, although some patients will and have responded to treatment. It depends on many factors including your mothers will to fight this, her general health, the competence of the doctors and much...

Oncology (General Cancer): Met. colon cancer and treatment, american cancer society, colon cancer
american cancer society, colon cancer, cancer vaccine: Dear Cathy, There is lot of chance of cure if we use the latest therapies especially immunotherapy. Most cancer spesialists are not even exposed practically to these therapies. You can read about the treatment options recognised by American Cancer Society...

Oncology (General Cancer): Muscle Mass Found in my back, leg problems, varicose vein
leg problems, varicose vein, heart failure: Without much more information I am certainly not sure if this mass in any way is connected with your leg problems. Nor am I sure if your c-section has anything to do with it. BUT one thing is certain, this mass must be investigated thoroughly, best by an orthopedic...

Oncology (General Cancer): malignant spindled melanoma, melanoma, stage 3
melanoma, stage 3, prognosis: Dear Jennifer, I am sorry to hear about your mother. My uncle died of melanoma, so I understand your concern. Melanomas that are found in time, before they have spread are completely curable. Many melanomas that are larger, like your mothers, and have...

Oncology (General Cancer): nuclear medicine, radioactive isotope, radiation treatment
radioactive isotope, radiation treatment, nuclear medicine: Dear Gina, I would tend to believe that you are asking about an antibody armed with a radioactive isotope. This antibody will generate localized radiation at the site of the tumor. It is supposed to have minimal effect on the surrounding normal tissue as...

Oncology (General Cancer): Ovarian cancer, internal medicine specialist, ca125 blood test
internal medicine specialist, ca125 blood test, ovarian cyst: visit a medical school internal medicine specialist. Your problem is not being dealt in the right manner. increase you fruit intake and salad intake. stop all artificial foods. I can also advice treatment which will surely benefit but I will require more...

Oncology (General Cancer): pain management for end stage colon cancer, advanced pain management, colon cancer
advanced pain management, colon cancer, fentanyl patch: This kind of advanced pain management is actually somewhat outside my area of expertise here. That is mostly and best taken care of by pain specialists. However I want to observe that in cases of severe pain especially in - like here - cases with bad prognosis...

Oncology (General Cancer): Could you please put my mind at ease??, royal horse guards, general anxiety disorder
royal horse guards, general anxiety disorder, household brigade: Well Steven, I m here ONLY as a tumor dr. But between one military person and another (I was chief medical officer of the Royal Guards regiment, the Royal Horse Guards regiment and the Royal Household Brigade - all of it at the same time - of the Royal Swedish...

Oncology (General Cancer): severely agressive Desmioid tumours, desmoid tumors
desmoid tumors: Dear Majella, This comes from Wiki A desmoid tumor (sometimes referred to as aggressive fibromatosis) is a rare (3 per million population) tumor that may or may not be part of a genetic syndrome such as familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP). Histologically...

Oncology (General Cancer): Is it now in his spine?, stage 4 lung cancer, ct scan with contrast
stage 4 lung cancer, ct scan with contrast, maximum survival: Without an examination I can not tell you if this is associated with his cancer or not. And therefore also not any consequences of it. With his diagnosis I would say that his maximum survival time can be around one year but may be much shorter. However an...

Oncology (General Cancer): stage 4 metastatic prostate cancer, bladder tumor, hormone replacement therapy
bladder tumor, hormone replacement therapy, radiation therapy: Has his urine bladder tumor been examined thoroughly? That may be a completely separate tumor problem. So in spite of his age and situation I think it should be checked. With regards to his prostate cancer I can only say that even though it may have spread...

Oncology (General Cancer): stomach cancer, stomach cancer, cancerous cells
stomach cancer, cancerous cells, hello doctor: Hi, this cancer can be successfully treated. Send me a mail to medlifeasia@gmail.com and I will send you a document having the relevent information about cancer and treatment options. there are many treatment options. The safest option with very good results...

Oncology (General Cancer): swollen lymph nodes, swollen lymph node, needle aspiration biopsy
swollen lymph node, needle aspiration biopsy, fine needle aspiration: While lymphomas and cancer can cause lymph node growth the most common causes are infections/inflammations. A growing lymph node of one inch (2.5 cm) definitely should be examined! Before thinking of CT scans etc. I think it is appropriate to find out what...

Oncology (General Cancer): Testicular cancer, testicular cancer, initial stage
testicular cancer, initial stage, hic: when there are less number of cells, tumor is not palpable. http://my.clevelandclinic.org/disorders/testicular_cancer/hic_testicular_cancer.aspx At the initial stage of detection, a single dose of immunotherapy can eradicate it without side effects....

Oncology (General Cancer): young son-in-law cancer, cancer question, cea test
cancer question, cea test, kemo: 2.8 in CEA is not high. Do you know of any level of CEA before surgery? CEA is ONLY of interest if 1. It was elevated before surgery and 2. You can follow the level over time after surgery. Then if the level drops to 0 you know that you have removed all (or...

Oncology (General Cancer): 4x6x6 complex cyst on left ovary, signs of ovarian cancer, cyst on left ovary
signs of ovarian cancer, cyst on left ovary, vaginal ultrasound: It is certainly not sure that it is cancer at the moment but if you have it removed - as you seem to have decided to do - and it is checked by a pathologist you will KNOW what it is. And if no cancer is found you still have one ovary left. Good luck! ...

Oncology (General Cancer): Abdominal Issues, early satiety, serum lipase
early satiety, serum lipase, upper abdomen: It is impossible to make a diagnosis based on this. BUT I definitely think you need a thorough check up including gastroscopy and scans (CT and or MRI & ultrasound) of your liver and pancreas. Let a good gastroenterologist take care of this and do it soon!...

Oncology (General Cancer): Asbestos, asbestos fibers, airborne fibers
asbestos fibers, airborne fibers, filter mask: Asbestos is only dangerous if one is exposed to (and breathes) airborne fibers over a period of many years, as in workers in an asbestos factory that does not live up to EPA standards of safety. You are in no danger, just wear a filter mask (available in any...

Oncology (General Cancer): Asbestos ceiling, tort lawyers, silica dust
tort lawyers, silica dust, coal dust: Don t worry,there is no risk at all to you and your children. And, don t believe any of the horror stories that the media and tort lawyers love to make to keep people like you living in fear. First, your ceiling is almost certainly standard drywall used in...

Oncology (General Cancer): adenocarcenoma, stage 4 cancer, chest x ray
stage 4 cancer, chest x ray, brain tumor: A stage 4 cancer is a cancer that has spread to another organ at a distance from its origin. Stages are from 0 (best) to 4 (worst). A stage 0 tumor has not moved from its site of origin inside an organ at all, it is also called cancer in situ (cancer within...

Oncology (General Cancer): Is she alright?, tumor marker, masectomy
tumor marker, masectomy, estrogen: Your question is difficult to answer because different laboratories use different methods to determine this tumor marker level. As a consequence the different lab. routines lead to different normal range results . Without knowing the normal ranges in this...

Oncology (General Cancer): Brain tumor., irregular menstrual periods, brain tumor
irregular menstrual periods, brain tumor, neurologist: Anything (almost) is possible, but if this has been a constant phenomenon for several years it is unlikely that it has anything to do with any brain tumor! If not I suggest that you let a dr. (preferably a neurologist) check you! It is probably a good idea...

Oncology (General Cancer): Burkitts Lymphoma, emory university, best hospitals
emory university, best hospitals, infusions: Dear Ms. Davis, The disappearance of the cells is a good sign for response but there are other signs that are not elaborated. Please discuss with the team at Emory. They are outstanding and will be able to sit down with you and your son. Should you have any...

Oncology (General Cancer): What is the best way?, radiation therapist, radiation therapy
radiation therapist, radiation therapy, therapy options: Well it may be possible to do it with surgery but for that you need to talk to a surgeon, which I m not. I m a radiation therapist & medical oncologist. Radiation therapy, may be a possibility too, but I would need to be able to examine you to be able to answer...

Oncology (General Cancer): bladder cancer, vietnam war veteran, offensive odour
vietnam war veteran, offensive odour, bladder cancer: Leanne, I do not why you have the itchiness. Your own doctors who know you and your situation in greatest detail are in a better position to give an opinion as to why this is happening. There are medications for itching; please ask them about these. ...

Oncology (General Cancer): Cancer Survival, needle aspiration biopsy, fine needle aspiration
needle aspiration biopsy, fine needle aspiration, fine needle aspiration biopsy: You should continue for as long as the therapy shows any positive effects and as long as it is possible for him to undergo it! It may have negative effects on his blood picture and immune status. But these will be monitored and no too bad effects will be allowed....

Oncology (General Cancer): Cancer spread..., cards flowers, cancerous lump
cards flowers, cancerous lump, cooking meals: Mike, Cards, flowers and phone calls (and visits in person if you can possibly do it) are of much consolation to cancer patients and their relatives. Frequent contact by whatever means, giving unconditional support and love, is invaluable. Sometimes,...

Oncology (General Cancer): cancer, lobes of the liver, emphysemia
lobes of the liver, emphysemia, lymph glands: Helen, I cannot understand a lot of the report that you sent. What I think I can communicate, however, is this: once a person s lung cancer has spread as far as your daughter-in-law s father s has, it is a very serious situation indeed. He will almost...

Oncology (General Cancer): cancer, antibodies production, gamma globuline
antibodies production, gamma globuline, protein levels: Hi, well with so little information I can only offer an educated guess. Some bone marrow malignancies are associated with certain abnormal blood gamma protein (gamma globuline - antibodies)production. If that is the case here I do not know. It is though more...

Oncology (General Cancer): chemotherapy symptoms for prostate cancer, valentine s day, prostate cancer
valentine s day, prostate cancer, chemo: This would indeed be symptoms of the chemo. You can expect this as long as he is going through the chemo, and maybe a little while beyond. My wife started getting the vomiting within two weeks. It all depends on the patient and things such as age, weight,...

Oncology (General Cancer): colon cancer spread to omentum, stage 4 cancer, colon cancer
stage 4 cancer, colon cancer, www cancer: Dear Shahpour, I am sorry to hear about your diagnosis. You can find the best information on colon cancer here: http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/types/colon-and-rectal If they were able to remove all of the tumor during the surgery, there is a...

Oncology (General Cancer): Father, brain and lung cancer, brain cancer, survival time
brain cancer, survival time, radiation therapy: To be precise, it is most probably his lung cancer that has spread to his brain. That is rather common. Radiation therapy to his brain can give him a temporary relief but unfortunately not cure him. His survival time can probably be measured in months, certainly...

Oncology (General Cancer): Father smoke, tounge and cheek, rare chance
tounge and cheek, rare chance, conformation: How old are you? You are about to get conformation your Dad won t want to hear. You are justified in your worry. Anyone who smokes and says he doesn t inhale is almost certainly not telling the truth. It is inhaling the nicotine that makes people keep smoking....

Oncology (General Cancer): low platelet count and extremely large tonsil, low platelets, anurism
Oncology (General Cancer): low platelet count and extremely large tonsil, low platelets, anurism, stomache

Oncology (General Cancer): Gynecological, worst case scenario, cancer answer
worst case scenario, cancer answer, pap tests: Carol, To me, that term doesn t have any specific meaning other than there appears to be soft tissue. If it had looked suspicious, most doctors point that out in their description. Worrisome descriptors might be: irregular, necrotic (dead tissue), or...

Oncology (General Cancer): green tea and cancer, anti oxidants, treatment of cancer
anti oxidants, treatment of cancer, green tea: Green tea is just a very nice thing to drink a few cups of a day. It does contain anti-oxidants that might well be good for you in general, but it is certainly NOT a treatment for a cancer you might already have. As far as prevention of cancer, I doubt it...

Oncology (General Cancer): Hairy Cell Leukemia, hairy cell leukemia, secondary cancer
hairy cell leukemia, secondary cancer, phisiology: Dear Randy Martin, Your story is very typical of HCL. Did you get only one course of pentostatin? You ask about transferring it to your children. It is not a disease that one transfers to children but if you plan on having children and slated to get more...

Oncology (General Cancer): Intestine tumor - high leve of CEA (Poland), marker cea, intestine tumor
marker cea, intestine tumor, stomach ulcers: Kate, The CEA is a little higher now than before - but it is still quite low. It has not risen enough to warrant further action, in my opinion; I agree with her oncologist. If it continues to rise, it may have to be investigated. Unfortunately, there...

Oncology (General Cancer): Lung cancer risk, lung cancer news, lung cancer risk
lung cancer news, lung cancer risk, vegetables and fruits: Dear Lynn, That is great that you quit. It is the best thing you can do for your health. I am sorry to hear about your mother. My parents are both ex-smokers, too. actually your risk is very low. Probably less than 1. I used this tool, and for a 50 year...

Oncology (General Cancer): Lymphocytic Leukemia, hematologist oncologist, common bile duct
hematologist oncologist, common bile duct, low platelets: Dear Kendra, Steroids may keep your counts at the lower end. I cannot answer you about the skin lesions. You may want to seek an opinion from a skin doctor (dermatologist). Should you have any further questions, please don t hesitate to contact me. Sincerely,...

Oncology (General Cancer): Lymphoma and ESRD in frail elderly, leaky heart valve, kidney disorder
leaky heart valve, kidney disorder, clinical variables: Well, your confidence in me is flattering, BUT I m only an expert on malignancies here! And this lady has multiple severe medical problems! Yes her lymphoma is in this situation incurable, but that is only a part of her problems and perhaps not even her greatest...

Oncology (General Cancer): leukemia?, routine blood test, symptoms of leukemia
routine blood test, symptoms of leukemia, white blood cells: Dear Suzi, High white blood cell count can result from infection or a process in the bone marrow (where the white blood cells are produced) like leukemia. Your friend should seek medical attention. Should you have any further questions, please don t hesitate...

Oncology (General Cancer): low platelet count and extremely large tonsil, bone marrow biopsy, enlarged tonsil
bone marrow biopsy, enlarged tonsil, tonsil cancer: No not normally unless you have some general lymphoma with bone marrow involvement but the description you have given me does not sound like that. Has any bone marrow biopsy been done to investigate your low platelet condition? A biopsy of your tonsill is...

Oncology (General Cancer): Malignant Melanoma, gamma knife surgery, ucla medical center
gamma knife surgery, ucla medical center, melanoma cells: I m sorry to read about her & your situation! First of all, in most cancer cases it IS important to find the primary site. However when the tumor has spread this far this becomes more academic. Her primary may be in an eye or in a bowel. So it does not have...

Oncology (General Cancer): my mother has metatastic breast cancer, brain radiation, brain tumor
brain radiation, brain tumor, radiation treatment: Jennifer, I am not sure what your question is. I can t tell you whether the brain tumor is malignant or not; I don t have access to the imaging studies or her old records. Sometimes a biopsy (sample of the tissue is taken with a needle) is necessary to...

Oncology (General Cancer): multiple cancers, different kinds of cancer, cancer breast
different kinds of cancer, cancer breast, kinds of cancer: Dear Colleen, I am sorry to hear about the multiple cancers that your mother has had. Believe it or not it is not that uncommon, especially since people are living longer and treatment for many cancers is better. 25 of these multiple cancer cases are...

Oncology (General Cancer): Non-Hodgkins Lymphoma...chemo, non hodgkins lymphoma, bone marrow transplant
non hodgkins lymphoma, bone marrow transplant, chemo drug: To enhance his immunity may be difficult even if certain possibilities may exist. But your mother should contact his drs. and describe the situation to them. They do not need to tell her anything only listen to her. Then they will have to make the decision...

Oncology (General Cancer): nasopharangyeal carcinoma, secondary cancer, check ups
secondary cancer, check ups, type of cancer: Mary, The prognosis is very good. Cancer of the nasopharynx is a type of cancer where a lot of progress has been made over the past ten years. The combination of chemotherapy and radiation therapy, given simultaneously, has improved the prognosis greatly....

Oncology (General Cancer): normal bloodwork, something on ct scan, lower abdomen, blood lab
lower abdomen, blood lab, ct scan: Arthritis - if that is what they think you have - is NOT cancer in any way. So I do not think you have any cancer in your bones there. The other question was if you can have cance but in spite of that your blood lab. tests are normal. Yes that is possible,...

Oncology (General Cancer): oncology, clinical research findings, chemo treatment
clinical research findings, chemo treatment, specific cancer: Dear Cheryl, I am sorry I don t know about this group. It is very unlikely that any such group would actually have treatments that are better than accepted therapy. There is a huge market in cancer therapies, and very extensive competition. It is true...

Oncology (General Cancer): ovarian cancer, ca 125 blood test, transvaginal sonogram
ca 125 blood test, transvaginal sonogram, enlarged ovary: You are welcome! I m a Swede living in Sweden, so I m not familiar with your local conditions. So this is to some extent educated guesses. 1. I see no reason why your own gynecologist can not do this if the resources exist there. 2. Not necessarily, depends...

Oncology (General Cancer): Positive CEA Test Value 4.5 (<2.5 normal for non-smoker), dynacirc cr, restless legs syndrome
dynacirc cr, restless legs syndrome, irritable bowel syndrome: I would call CEA a malignant tumor MARKER - and I DO NOT like to use it as a primary diagnostic tool as has been done here - too uncertain! Well I think you could still try PET! It MAY work well! We honestly do not know if you have any cancer now for sure!...

Oncology (General Cancer): pancreatic cancer, www cancer, dear don
www cancer, dear don, cat scan: Dear Don, I am sorry to hear about you problem. I would wait for the results of that CAT scan. That should be definitive. If there is a tumor they will want to take a biopsy to see if it is malignant and what type it is. They will also determine if they...

Oncology (General Cancer): pancreatic cancer, cancer of the pancreas, radiation therapy
cancer of the pancreas, radiation therapy, seigle: Don, First things first. You must get the CT scan and see if it shows a mass in the pancreas. If it does, it must be biopsied (a doctor will remove a piece of it). A specialist called a pathologist examines the tissue under the microscope and determines...

Oncology (General Cancer): recurrent ovca & colonic stent, ovca, stool softener
ovca, stool softener, pain medication: Well food can be processed to be like baby food and mashes. In that form it should not be a problem for her. The hospital that took care of her must have a dietician who can help her with this. The hard fact is that SHE must take her situation into consideration...

Oncology (General Cancer): Small Cell Lung Cancer, cell lung cancer, small cell lung cancer
cell lung cancer, small cell lung cancer, radio therapy: Yes you are correct! No curative therapy is possible so all therapy here aims at 1. trying to relieve symptoms as much as and for as long a time period as possible and 2. to prolong survival time as much as possible. That is unfortunately all! To predict survival...

Oncology (General Cancer): Stage 4 B NHL final stages?, nurse practioner, non hodgkins lymphoma
nurse practioner, non hodgkins lymphoma, loss of appetite: Basically, the final stages of this disease is that the patient simply get sicker. I know that sounds simple, and it is just that simple. More specifically however, the patient may have more weight loss, the lumps in the nodes may become more noticable and...

Oncology (General Cancer): secondry breast cancer, cancer marker, bone lesions
cancer marker, bone lesions, cancer markers: I suppose radiation therapy was used against painful bone lesions. Cancer markers are proteins in her blood produced by her cancer. By checking them and their levels you get some idea of how much cancer there is in her and can thereby monitor any success or...

Oncology (General Cancer): a small ball attached to my right testicle via a string/tube, testicular cancer, feeling something
testicular cancer, feeling something, testicle: Alex, I cannot tell you what this is, but I doubt that it is testicular cancer. TC is always inside of the actual testicle, not attached to it via a tube or string. There are many normal structures that are attached like that, so you are probably feeling...

Oncology (General Cancer): Thyroid Nodule, hormone blood levels, thyroid scans
hormone blood levels, thyroid scans, thyroid nodule: The best procedure is to find out what this really is! To do that I suggest the following! Let an endocrinologist or an experienced endocrinological surgeon take care of her. Investigations should at least include ultrasound, isotope & PET thyroid scans and...

Oncology (General Cancer): thyroid, thyroid hormone replacement, chief justice rehnquist
thyroid hormone replacement, chief justice rehnquist, thyroid cancers: The only indications to the nature and behaviour of your thyroid cancer that we have are from the pathology study made from the surgical specimen after your operation, i.e. by what it looked like. Then you should be followed clinically regularly for at least...

Oncology (General Cancer): 14yr old with lump on knee, lump on knee, soft tissues
lump on knee, soft tissues, dime size: Without an examination I can not say what it is. I do understand your concern though! To KNOW what this is both an MRI (and maybe a CT) and a biopsy are needed! If the thing consists of soft tissues it will NOT show up on an ordinary x-ray. That however...

Oncology (General Cancer): autistic son, asmatic, autistic son
asmatic, autistic son, god son: It is sufficient if you explain your worries to the dr. and especially that you are worried about cancer and that the basic problem is that your son s weight is going down. The dr. should be able to direct the investigation from there based on that information....

Oncology (General Cancer): autistic son, cancer history, asmatic
cancer history, asmatic, autistic son: Terri, It is worrisome that your son has lost so much weight. This definitely needs to be looked into. You, as Mom, should not have to go to any doctor already knowing what tests he should have. It is any good doctor s responsibility to know what types...

Oncology (General Cancer): Bladder Cancer Treatment, flax seed oil, bladder cancer treatment
flax seed oil, bladder cancer treatment, stage 4 cancer: First of all, unfortunately you have to forget everything about raw broccoli, flax seeds etc.! If it was that simple we would not have any cancer patients to treat! Well, based on your description she is now a stage 4 cancer case which means that at present...

Oncology (General Cancer): BONE CANCER SECONDARY TO PROSTATE, male hormone testosterone, bone cancer
male hormone testosterone, bone cancer, radiation therapy: Angie, The reason many people are reluctant to make such predictions is that life expectancy in a patient with prostate cancer varies a lot from person to person. Some people have very slowly progressive disease and live many years. My own grandfather,...

Oncology (General Cancer): bone cancer ... life expectancy, stage 4 lung cancer, lung sacs
stage 4 lung cancer, lung sacs, cancer case: So she has a lung cancer that has spread to her pleurae (lung sacs) and to some of her bones making her case a stage 4 lung cancer case. She will need both radiation therapy and chemo therapy, mainly in order to make her life less miserable. So there is actually...

Oncology (General Cancer): breast cancer mets in supraclavicular nodes, stage 4 breast cancer, chemotherapy regimen
stage 4 breast cancer, chemotherapy regimen, regional lymph nodes: Dawn, The problem is that in stage IV breast cancer, cancer cells have been released into the blood stream and/or lymphatic system. Radiation therapy is strictly a local treatment and will not address any tumor cells which have migrated outside the breast/supraclavicular...

Oncology (General Cancer): Cancer?, burning sensations, scholiosis
burning sensations, scholiosis, melissa ann: Melissa Ann, The symptoms you describe do not sound like cancer. It is much more likely that your symptoms are being caused by something else. There are many other studies that can be done in addition to the ones you have had to try and pinpoint the problem....

Oncology (General Cancer): chemo related neuropathy, medical oncologists, medical oncologist
medical oncologists, medical oncologist, nueropathy: Patti, Xeloda causes hand-foot syndrome in a majority of patients who take it for three cycles or more. Hand-foot syndrome includes numbness and tingling of the hands and feet, usually more pronounced on the soles and palms. There are different degrees...

Oncology (General Cancer): clarification of, invasive breast cancer, type of cancer
invasive breast cancer, type of cancer, breast cancer: Kim, It depends enormously on the type of cancer. For a certain type of cancer of the testicle in a male, for example, if you are cured after two years there rarely is a relapse/recurrence. On the other hand, women with invasive breast cancer can have...

Oncology (General Cancer): cough, chest x ray, lung function test
chest x ray, lung function test, sternum: Hi Alex, As you are a non-smoker, and if you have not had exposure to asbestos, your risk of lung cancer is slight. I doubt that the cough is related to the injury. I am not an MD, so I can t give much advice in this regard. But you could consider going...

Oncology (General Cancer): Can Fibroadipose tumors be dangerous?, rhuematologist, muscle cells
rhuematologist, muscle cells, thigh muscle: Well, that is a hard question. If the tumor IS benign (non cancerous) then it should not come back. But there is always a grey zone between benign and malignant (non cancerous and cancerous) and such tumors may come back even if not frankly cancerous or the...

Oncology (General Cancer): Fould smell due to lung and kidney cancer, kidney cancer, chemotherapy treatments
kidney cancer, chemotherapy treatments, foul smell: It is quite possible that this has to do with his cancer, especially if he is in a bad general condition - as in many other serious illnesses. I can not guarantee that not anything else also is going on, but his cancer is a very probable explanation. ...

Oncology (General Cancer): bone cancer ... life expectancy, bone cancer, stomach
Oncology (General Cancer): bone cancer ... life expectancy, bone cancer, stomach, radio

Oncology (General Cancer): HDR vaginal brachytherapy, mayo clinic, horses
Oncology (General Cancer): HDR vaginal brachytherapy, mayo clinic, horses

Oncology (General Cancer): headache, white blood cell, white blood cell counts
Oncology (General Cancer): headache, white blood cell, white blood cell counts, seigle

Oncology (General Cancer): Post radiation side effects, sciatica, scoliosis
Oncology (General Cancer): Post radiation side effects, sciatica, scoliosis, osteoporosis

Oncology (General Cancer): followup on surgery, chronic inflamation, olaf palme
chronic inflamation, olaf palme, gall bladder: Well you do remember some Swedish! Though it is close to 40 years ago! It is quite obvious that your gall bladder was not functioning so you are well rid of it! Not really, too little to go on I m afraid. Also non cancer questions are really outside my field...

Oncology (General Cancer): HDR vaginal brachytherapy, radiation oncologist, colo rectal
radiation oncologist, colo rectal, rectal surgeon: Krista, What did the clinic that did the radiation think was causing the bleeding? Did they offer another explanation? I suggest you get another opinion from a radiation oncologist from an institution that does lots of gyn brachytherapy. You need an...

Oncology (General Cancer): headache, peripheral blood smear, lightheadness
peripheral blood smear, lightheadness, sludging: Brandi, I hope you are allowed to ask for help with this! A hematocrit (hct) of 58% if way too high! The numbers of leukocytes and platelets are elevated as well. It appears that the marrow is overproducing blood cells. When blood cells are abnormal,...

Oncology (General Cancer): hypoechoic thyroid nodules, low thyroid function, hypoechoic nodule
low thyroid function, hypoechoic nodule, thyroid nodules: Since they can be seen on ultrasound an ultrasound guided needle biopsy of each can be done. Ultrasound guided needle biopsies can be done on lesions even only a few mm i size (a small fraction of an inch). Personally I think biopsies should be done to be...

Oncology (General Cancer): Lung Cancer, pleural effusion, cancer cells
pleural effusion, cancer cells, smoking cessation: Mike, Your description of finding fluid with blood and spread to the sac suggests that there may be fluid within the pleural space (which is a two-layered lining around the lungs). This is called a pleural effusion. If there are cancer cells in fluid...

Oncology (General Cancer): Lung cancer, carotid artery surgery, stroke neurologist
carotid artery surgery, stroke neurologist, hemorragic stroke: I m sorry to hear his story and I do find the hospital treatment of him dreadful! Without an MRI scan or at least a CT scan of his brain it is impossible to stage his cancer accurately (by the way have you ever got the biopsy result so that his diagnosis is...

Oncology (General Cancer): Lung cancer, medical oncologist, surgical expert
medical oncologist, surgical expert, abdominal tissue: I m sorry! This is a question for a cardio-vascular-pulmonary (thoracic) surgeon. I m not a surgeon. I m a medical oncologist & radiation therapist. The only thing I can say is that his strong radiation therapy MAY be one of the reasons behind this situation....

Oncology (General Cancer): lab results for blood work!, cancer survivor, blood work
cancer survivor, blood work, teaching school: Without knowing what the actual results are it is hard for me to discuss this. I do not want to speculate though obviously he considers it important or he would not have called. If he can not make you understand the results when available I will gladly discuss...

Oncology (General Cancer): lung cancer,nodules, left lung, modern medicine
left lung, modern medicine, nodule: Probably to make you aware of that it is there. Well if not active that is good, but I can not guarantee that it will remain inactive unfortunately. The fact that it is inactive MAY indicate that it is not cancerous. But again no guarantees. I m sorry it is...

Oncology (General Cancer): lymphoma, needle aspiration biopsy, cytologist
needle aspiration biopsy, cytologist, thin needle: The easiest & simplest & quickest way of checking that out is by thin needle aspiration biopsy. Since you can feel this node it should be very easy to do too. It is done in a few minutes, no surgery needed. The result should be available from the pathologist/cytologist...

Oncology (General Cancer): metastic lung cancer, carbo taxol, brain metastases
carbo taxol, brain metastases, metastic lung cancer: Spread is possible but not certain. To be certain MRI scans & X-rays and/or PET scans and other isotope scans of your skeleton should be made.Yes I think you should discuss radiation therapy with your drs. It would probably give you some pain relief for some...

Oncology (General Cancer): mono vs. leukemia, symptoms of leukemia, what are the symptoms of leukemia
symptoms of leukemia, what are the symptoms of leukemia, meir: Dear Fran, The symptoms for leukemia are not specific and therefore I would not put this at the top of my differential diagnoses. Mono is hard to get rid of. Should you have any specific questions, please don t hesitate to contact me. Sincerely, Meir...

Oncology (General Cancer): neurological late effects of radiation, simulation films, lumbosacral plexopathy
simulation films, lumbosacral plexopathy, radiation oncologist: Gen, I definitely think you should see a radiation oncologist! If you do, bring all of your radiation treatment records, including simulation films, dosimetry plans, and your entire medical record. I think that it is wise to get an independent opinion...

Oncology (General Cancer): oral cancer, mucosal changes, mouth cancer
mucosal changes, mouth cancer, oral cancer: Mouth cancer can show many different symptoms like a chronic ulcer or different mucosal changes. Let a dr. check it! A mouth cancer can be very serous. But the symptoms you describe are not necessarily those of a cancer. So again, let a dr. check it! ...

Oncology (General Cancer): Pain after radiation, symptoms of a kidney stone, thyroid cancers
symptoms of a kidney stone, thyroid cancers, thyroid cancer: Darrel, When a person has a kidney stone, the pain is generally located in the flank, which is where the kidney is. Chest pain should not be caused by a kidney stone (you said you had chest pain the first time). I really, really doubt that the tumor passed...

Oncology (General Cancer): Papellary Ca thyroid, radioactive iodine, iodine uptake
radioactive iodine, iodine uptake, hospital staff: I suppose she had to take some radioactive iodine before some time after surgery? If so that probably showed some iodine uptake that should not be there - a sign that not all of her cancer had been removed. By giving a large dose of radioactive iodine - which...

Oncology (General Cancer): Pappillary Ca Thyroid, papillary carcinoma thyroid, full body scan
papillary carcinoma thyroid, full body scan, solitary lesion: This radioactive isotope (iodine 131) clearly shows that not all of her cancer has been removed. There are still remnants of it in the area where her thyroid was as well as in the lymph nodes of her neck on her left side. A rather common situation. She will...

Oncology (General Cancer): Pepallary Ca Thyroid, papillary carcinoma thyroid, full body scan
papillary carcinoma thyroid, full body scan, solitary lesion: Unfortunately different laboratories can have different standards for such tests so I need the normal result range for each test for this laboratory (those are normally included together with the lab. results).I can not evaluate anything until I have those...

Oncology (General Cancer): Post radiation side effects, radiation oncologist, pelvis pain
radiation oncologist, pelvis pain, radiation side effects: Patricia, I agree with your husband s orthopedist. In my opinion, degenerative/arthritic changes are most likely responsible for your husband s pain. While radiation can cause long-term side effects in the area which was treated (in your husband s case,...

Oncology (General Cancer): pheochromocytoma., heart rhythm, stress echo
heart rhythm, stress echo, anxiety attacks: Greg, Your symptoms are concerning. As you probably know, pheochromocytoma is quite rare and, because it is so uncommon, is not likely (but is possible) to be the cause of your symptoms. Yes, 24 hour urine test does mean 24 hours, not 15 1/2 hours. ...

Oncology (General Cancer): possible kidney cancer?, signs of kidney cancer, flank pain
signs of kidney cancer, flank pain, renal cortex: Mary, If there is clearly a mass in the kidney, you may need a biopsy. This is a relatively simple procedure in which a piece of tissue is removed (usually with a needle under CT guidance) and examined under the microscope. This gives the best information...

Oncology (General Cancer): Radiation treatment: renal risk afer stage 1 seminoma, effects of radiation exposure, testicular cancers
effects of radiation exposure, testicular cancers, inguinal orchiectomy: Shannon, seminoma is usually at present not a deadly disease provided treatment schedules based on hard won experience are followed. If not followed anything can happen. The time for treatment is now! If we wait and your cancer reappears your chances of a...

Oncology (General Cancer): Radiation treatment for testicular cancer, inguinal orchiectomy, horseshoe kidney
inguinal orchiectomy, horseshoe kidney, radiation dose: Dear Shannon, How many kidneys do you have? Some people have a single centrally located kidney, often called a horseshoe kidney depending on its shape; is this so in your case? Or do you have two separate kidneys with one more centrally located than is...

Oncology (General Cancer): Red Blood Count, red blood cells, blood transfusion
red blood cells, blood transfusion, mchc: Dear Sharon, Hematocrit (Hct) of 29 is low, so are MCV of 70, MCH of 20 and MCHC of 29. This usually means that you have too few red blood cells, they are small and don t have a lot of the material that makes them red (hemoglobin) in them. Many causes have...

Oncology (General Cancer): Stage 4 cancer, occult blood test, stage 4 cancer
occult blood test, stage 4 cancer, cancer of the spine: Dear Shelli, I am very sorry to hear about your friend. Unfortunately many cancers of internal organs do not give symptoms and evade early detection. I can t tell from your information what the original (primary) tumor was that your friend had. For...

Oncology (General Cancer): Stage IV Lung Cancer, radiation therapy, survival time
radiation therapy, survival time, anderson center: Well, ufortunately the treatment results are the same all over the world and they are not very good. All what therapy including surgery, radiation therapy and chemo therapy can do is to prolong survival time somewhat. My advice is that you let her finish her...

Oncology (General Cancer): Testicular cancer, effects of radiation exposure, horseshoe kidney
effects of radiation exposure, horseshoe kidney, inguinal orchiectomy: Shannon, I generally always lean towards surveillance, so the fact that a horseshoe kidney would be in the radiation port pushes me even further towards recommending surveillance. I have seen this before, but I have had no luck searching archives for...

Oncology (General Cancer): Tightness in rectum, infectious disease specialist, adolescent medicine
infectious disease specialist, adolescent medicine, seigle: Hi - What you describe does NOT sound like cancer. It may, in fact, be related to the infection you had. In my opinion, the best action for you at this point in time would be to return to the place you were treated for the STD. Find out which STD you...

Oncology (General Cancer): testicular lump, testicular lump, testicle
testicular lump, testicle, subject check: Sean, If you d like to email back and forth on this question, please email me directly at dougbank@alum.mit.edu. If you would like to see generally reliable info on the subject, check out my website - http://tcrc.acor.org. I can only respond via this site...

Oncology (General Cancer): worried about my illness, brain tumor treatment, medical oncologist
brain tumor treatment, medical oncologist, brain diseases: I m sorry. That is outside my field of expertise here. I m a medical oncologist & radiation therapist with experience of brain tumor treatment. I m not a neurologist and this is not a brain tumor illness. You should direct this question to an expert of neurology....

Oncology (General Cancer): acute myelocytic leukemia (M7), acute myeloid leukemia, acute myelocytic leukemia
acute myeloid leukemia, acute myelocytic leukemia, chemotherpy: Dear Panagiotis, The traditional treatment for this type of leukemia is 7+3 which consists of 7 days of cytarabine and 3 days of an anthracycline like daunorubicin. This involves approximately 4-week hospitalization and about 30% chance of clearing the disease,...

Oncology (General Cancer): Basic Information, national cancer institute, dean ph
national cancer institute, dean ph, michael dean: Dear Mike, That is great that you are passionate about this. I would recommend trying to volunteer at a hospital or become an EMT to get some idea of the work. If there is a local cancer center or medical school you could try to volunteer or see about a...

Oncology (General Cancer): bone cancer, small cell carcinoma, neck vertabrae
small cell carcinoma, neck vertabrae, greater trochanter: Well normally you get quite enough of vitamin D through your food. I was not aware of this effect - but not within my area of expertise either. Based on what you have written I can not exclude the possibility, but this IS outside my field of expertise. You...

Oncology (General Cancer): bowel cancer, antibody therapies, lung lesions
antibody therapies, lung lesions, colon cancer: Dear Lilian, I am sorry to hear about your father in law. I am not an oncologist, so I can t give any specific recommendations. There are now a lot of treatment options for metastatic colon cancer. You can search here for clinical studies in your area...

Oncology (General Cancer): bowel cancer, lung tumor, cancer cells
lung tumor, cancer cells, cancer cancer: Lilian, Once the cancer has spread from the area it started (bowel to lung),as it has in your father-in-law, it is no longer curable. An operation would be helpful only if the bowel tumor is causing a specific problem, for example, blockage of the intestine....

Oncology (General Cancer): CA Breast, Secondary Bone Cancer, secondary bone cancer, red blood cells
secondary bone cancer, red blood cells, cancer question: Usually the bone marrow starts working again after some time. More blood transfusions may be necessary but that is not certain. The rest of your question about blood is impossible to answer without following the patient day by day. Since her cancer has spread...

Oncology (General Cancer): CA breast , Bone & lung, breast bone, radio therapy
breast bone, radio therapy, patient thanks: Prognosis is of course not good in the long run unfortunately. But if your cancer was hormone receptor positive it may be able to control it for a considerable time. Even more so with additional chemo therapy. Also oncology is progressing all the time. So...

Oncology (General Cancer): Cancer& Metabolism, drug target, anaerobic metabolism
drug target, anaerobic metabolism, dean ph: Dear Brooke, I am sorry to hear about your grandfather. I have has 4 family members die of the disease. Yes it is true that cancer cells typically produce energy by glycolysis followed in the cytoplasm rather than in mitochondria like most normal cells....

Oncology (General Cancer): Cancer Terms, cancer terms, x ray
cancer terms, x ray, pregnant woman: A mass is an unspecified something that you may feel when you examine a patient or which is seen in an x-ray picture etc. It may be a tumor but other possibilities also exist. A fetus in a pregnant woman could be called a mass until it has been determined...

Oncology (General Cancer): Cancer on the Uterus, radiation treatments, radiation treatment
radiation treatments, radiation treatment, michael dean: Dear Jill, That is great that you are so concerned with your friend. It is very common to use radiation and/or chemo before surgery to shrink the tumor. You are right this is not likely to cure it, but it can make surgery easier and more effective. ...

Oncology (General Cancer): Colon Cancer, colon cancer, secum
colon cancer, secum, oncologist: Dear Michele, I am very sorry to hear about your mother. I understand you wanting to help her make the best decision. However, I am not an oncologist, and so cannot give you advice any better than the two opinions that you already have. For many cancers,...

Oncology (General Cancer): Colorectal cancer, low blood count, cloathing
low blood count, cloathing, cetuximab: I m very sorry to read about her case. Her CEA values are unfortunately very high. The normal values depend to some extent on which technique that is used, so you have to ask her laboratory what their normal range with & without dilution is. Unfortunately...

Oncology (General Cancer): cancer, core needle biopsy, needle aspiration biopsy
core needle biopsy, needle aspiration biopsy, non hodgkins lymphoma: Whatever it is it MUST be checked out soonest! To make it quickly I suggest that your dr. arranges for x-ray mammography AND since this lump can be felt also for a thin needle aspiration biopsy - or a wide core needle biopsy - of the lump. This should be possible...

Oncology (General Cancer): cancer recurrence, gynecologic oncologist, cancer recurrence
gynecologic oncologist, cancer recurrence, tumor in the liver: Jennifer, When cancer has spread to a separate site like the liver, it is usually not curable. However, if there is a very small amount of tumor in the liver, it can be aggressively treated and result in many years with a good quality of life. On the...

Oncology (General Cancer): cancer remission, cancer remission, hormone estrogen
cancer remission, hormone estrogen, prostate cancers: With remission is usually meant a period of time when it at least appears that the cancer has gone away. That is as I wrote in my previous reply not the case here. His cancer is still there. It may be under control but I have too little information to know...

Oncology (General Cancer): chemotherapy & itching, fifteen months, remission
fifteen months, remission, exertion: Itching is a very common symptom and very non specific. In your case it seems to be associated with warmness or sweating. While I can not rule out that it somehow is related to your illness or its treatment there are also many other possibilities. So I strongly...

Oncology (General Cancer): chemotherapy & itching, chemotherapy
Oncology (General Cancer): chemotherapy & itching, chemotherapy

Oncology (General Cancer): Kidney Cancer, chest x rays, kidney area
chest x rays, kidney area, kidney cancer: First of all, you are 21 years old. Kidney cancer at that age is EXTREMELY rare - almost unheard of! So why do you suspect it at all? Second. You tell me that your urine tests are normal. One of the commonest kidney cancer symptoms is blood in the urine. In...

Oncology (General Cancer): Kidney Cancer.., chest x rays, kidney area
chest x rays, kidney area, kidney cancer: Dear Don, Even though I m a physician, that is, have MD after my name, it does not mean that I can help with your diagnosis from a distance. Your physician is taking the correct approach of trying to figure out what is going on and I would trust him/her....

Oncology (General Cancer): Lump?, skull bones, natural bone
skull bones, natural bone, seigle: RainieB, Yes, this can be completely normal and simply something you didn t notice before. We all have dips and bumps in our skull bones. It should by symmetric - that is, present in the middle or pretty similar on both sides - and should not be getting...

Oncology (General Cancer): Lump on neck.. possible lymphoma??, lymphoma cancer, lump on neck
lymphoma cancer, lump on neck, indemnity insurance: Thought I answered this already. Was a bit surprized to see it in my email. Anyway, I will answer it (again?) now... This lump COULD be lymphoma. It is more likely related to a past injury or illness I would think. It is however very important that you do...

Oncology (General Cancer): Lung cancer, type of lung cancer, nearby lymph nodes
type of lung cancer, nearby lymph nodes, cancer question: Ok thanks! To be able to give you a good answer I would need to read the full pathology report. Can you write it here? I really do not know if I would. But I ll try to give you a reply to that if you can arrange the matter with the pathology report. I do need...

Oncology (General Cancer): Lymphoma and Myeloma, leukemia and lymphoma society, leukemia and lymphoma
leukemia and lymphoma society, leukemia and lymphoma, poor prognosis: Hi Mike, Lymphoma and melanoma are different types of cancer. Melanoma is the most dangerous form of skin cancer. If not treated before it spreads, it is highly fatal. http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/types/melanoma Lymphomas are cancers of blood...

Oncology (General Cancer): large cell lung cancer, cell lung cancer, chest x ray
cell lung cancer, chest x ray, large cell lung cancer: Hi Tracy, A benign lung lesion would not be fatal, and typically could only cause problems if it obstructs the lung, or if your mom develops any other lung problems. A am not a radiologist, or oncologist, but a lung lesion can be classified as benign...

Oncology (General Cancer): lung cancer, cancer question, radiation therapy
cancer question, radiation therapy, survival time: Since he has cancer in BOTH of his lungs it MUST be considered as widely spread. So it is not a small or early cancer. Yes my time estimate is based on that he receives chemo therapy (and maybe radiation therapy too). Without such therapy his survival time...

Oncology (General Cancer): lung cancer, type of lung cancer, seigle
type of lung cancer, seigle, lung cancer: Lilian, I don t have enough details to really advise you about this except in very general terms. One would have to know what type of lung cancer your father in law has, see the scans, look at all the tests and actually examine him to determine his suitability...

Oncology (General Cancer): lung cancer, radio frequency ablation, dear lillian
radio frequency ablation, dear lillian, pathology report: Dear Lillian, I am sorry to hear about your father in law. Did they do a biopsy and provide a pathology report? Where is he being treated? There are a lot of clinical studies for lung cancer. You can search here, or I can help with the additional information....

Oncology (General Cancer): Ovarian Cancer, thrombo embolism, pulmonary emboli
thrombo embolism, pulmonary emboli, tumor masses: It will kill her. And the process will be very unpleasant. Her abdomen will be filled up with fluid and more tumor masses. Her cancer may also spread to other locations. Without any treatment at all her survival time can probably be measured in months to around...

Oncology (General Cancer): Post Cancer health, head and neck cancer, cancer expert
head and neck cancer, cancer expert, breast examinations: Hi - as you already know, a lot depends on the kind of cancer she had. Some are curable - that is, the chance of the cancer coming back are no higher than that of the general population. Others tend to come back repeatedly. Some are inbetween in their behavior....

Oncology (General Cancer): Prostate Cancer, gleason score 6, informative sight
gleason score 6, informative sight, effects of radiation: Well the negative effects of radiation are mainly related to that it may cause inflammation - like an internal sun burn - in the rectum with diarrhea as a symptom. In the same way a certain irritation in the urinary tract can be caused. Otherwise there are...

Oncology (General Cancer): Prostate Cancer, radiation oncologist, hollow needles
radiation oncologist, hollow needles, radioactive seeds: Kathy, This is a complex question, and you need a consultation with a radiation oncologist for detailed information. In brief, placement of radioactive seeds is a relatively simple procedure which takes about one to two hours. It is done in the operating...

Oncology (General Cancer): Prostate Cancer, term impotence, medical oncologist
term impotence, medical oncologist, radiation therapist: I m a Swede, living in Sweden and I m not a surgeon but a medical oncologist & radiation therapist. What you are asking about are surgical procedures that to some extent are different in different parts of the world. Also English is not my first language and...

Oncology (General Cancer): Query and Advice Please, menstruating women, hospital appointment
menstruating women, hospital appointment, ovarian cyst: If your gynecologist is not worried by your ovarian cyst - and that seems to be the case or more drastic measures would have been recommended - you most probably do not need to worry either. If this cyst is the only one and has not changed much over time I...

Oncology (General Cancer): Radiation therapy post chemotherapy for stage 4 NSCLC, squamous cell carcinoma, vena cava
squamous cell carcinoma, vena cava, specialist journals: Catherine, This is a complicated question. I am assuming the radiation offered is going to be given to the chest/lung rather than a site of metastatic disease. Palliative usually means there is a symptom or problem (such as shortness of breath) that...

Oncology (General Cancer): Stage IV - lung cancer, stage 4 lung cancer, home oxygen
stage 4 lung cancer, home oxygen, chest cavity: Kris, It seems to me that, if he is having a lot of trouble breathing, is very congested, and is on home oxygen, he probably has less than 6-9 months left (but it is impossible to accurately predict these things!). Yes, he will get worse. He will need...

Oncology (General Cancer): secondary bone cancer, low blood platelets, secondary bone cancer
low blood platelets, secondary bone cancer, low platelets: If her breast cancer has spread to her bones and to her liver (so she does NOT have bone cancer, she has breast cancer that has spread to her bones) she is in principle a stage 4 (IV) breast cancer case which at present is incurable. Even though incurable...

Oncology (General Cancer): my sister, cancer hair loss, enlarged lymph nodes
cancer hair loss, enlarged lymph nodes, cancer lymphoma: Bon, Enlarged lymph nodes containing cancer (lymphoma is a type of cancer of the lymph system) generally are not painful. The sequence of events you describe are far more typical of infection than cancer. Hair loss in cancer comes from treatment with...

Oncology (General Cancer): Testical round mass, testicular cancer, testicle
testicular cancer, testicle, marble: While I m pretty sure this isn t cancer, the only way to know for sure would be to have a doctor take a look (so to speak). Testicular cancer almost never shows up this way - it would not start this way. It would start as a lump inside the testicle. Very...

Oncology (General Cancer): Testicluar Area worries..., proper diagnosis, best bet
proper diagnosis, best bet, varicose vein: David, I thought I answered this question, but I still see it in the list. Sorry if I messed something up... Anyway, the thing on the back of the testicle is probably something called a varicocele. This is a varicose vein of the scrotum. It in not uncommon,...

Oncology (General Cancer): Thyroid, thyroid cancer answers, thyroid cancers
thyroid cancer answers, thyroid cancers, biopsey: Dear Heather, I understand your concern. I am not an oncologist, but from what I have read the majority of these masses with cystic components are benign. Even if it is cancerous, there is a very high cure rate for most common thyroid cancers, if they are...

Oncology (General Cancer): Uterine mass, harmless cysts, outpatient surgery
harmless cysts, outpatient surgery, type 2 diabetic: Dear John, I am sorry to hear about you mothers problem. It is hard to say much without more information on the size, exact location and appearance. But there is a high chance that this is nothing serious. Fibroids are very common and are relatively...

Oncology (General Cancer): 86 year old mother with stage 4 colon cancer, stage 4 colon cancer, lympth nodes
stage 4 colon cancer, lympth nodes, colon cancer: I would have to agree with you on this. Your mothers quality of life with the chemo would not be much of an improvement over what she must be going through. At her advanced age and the decreased level of the ability to fight off infections and such, the chemo...

Oncology (General Cancer): Alternative Cancer Therapies, cancer treatment centers, hospital cancer center
cancer treatment centers, hospital cancer center, alternative cancer treatment: There is NO useful alternative treatment for a stage 3 seminoma anywhere! You have a potentially deadly disease but which may be cured with a combination of radiation therapy and chemo therapy - and some surgery! So I strongly suggest that you urgently contact...

Oncology (General Cancer): Bone cancer, bone tumor, hereditary factor
bone tumor, hereditary factor, bone cancer: Without knowing exactly what kind of bone tumor he had it is difficult to comment on if there is any hereditary factor involved that may affect his daughter but probably the risk - if any at all - is small. The disease itself is NOT hereditary! What MAY be...

Oncology (General Cancer): bladder cancer, bladder cancer, stomach lining
bladder cancer, stomach lining, chemo: Well, I do not know exactly what kind of chemo therapy your brother received or what is intended for your friend. So I do not know if they are identical or not. However if his bladder has spread outside the bladder chemo therapy is most probably necessary...

Oncology (General Cancer): Cervical cancer, needle biopsy, cancer stage
needle biopsy, cancer stage, cervical cancer: Well an x-ray shadow in her lung is something. If it is cancer and connected to her cervical cancer we do not know at present. The best way - if possible - of finding out is by doing a biopsy. In her case probably easiest as a needle biopsy. Please do keep...

Oncology (General Cancer): cell renewal, renegade cell, skin exfoliation
renegade cell, skin exfoliation, robert weinberg: I do agree with the notion that a multitude of mutations (due to different causes) cause cancer. But I do NOT agree with the notion that renewal of cells is involved as some sort of cause too! Then how to explain muscle cell sarcomas when we know that there...

Oncology (General Cancer): chemo with 86 year old women, lympth nodes, colon cancer
lympth nodes, colon cancer, moderate dose: Well, only the patient can decide if there is going to be any treatment! If she does not want any, nothing can be given. How long she will live with chemo is uncertain but she can NOT be cured. How long without treatment is also uncertain but most probably...

Oncology (General Cancer): chemotherapy@, chemo therapy drugs, secondary bone cancer
chemo therapy drugs, secondary bone cancer, sudden heart attack: Her drugs definitely do NOT stay in her body from March to September. We are talking of an elimination within a few days to a week or so depending on which drugs that were used. There are certain chemo therapy drugs (like Adriamycin) that may be harmful to...

Oncology (General Cancer): MELANOMA STAGE III CANCER, basil cell, meningioma
Oncology (General Cancer): MELANOMA STAGE III CANCER, basil cell, meningioma

Oncology (General Cancer): stage 4a cancer
Oncology (General Cancer): stage 4a cancer

Oncology (General Cancer): My friend Anne, breast cancer metastases, cancer marker
breast cancer metastases, cancer marker, cancer cells: Breast cancer metastases to the lungs have nothing to do with smoking. With regards to her cancer cells in her cerebrospinal fluid I think that radiation therapy of her brain and spine should at least be considered. No in the long run - at least at present...

Oncology (General Cancer): Hgh CEA, liver function blood tests, upper quadrant pain
liver function blood tests, upper quadrant pain, stage 4 colon cancer: Your description makes it most probable that her cancer has spread to her liver (may have happened even before surgery even though microscopic then). Certainty will be reached when her biopsy is done. If so she would now be a stage 4 colon cancer case which...

Oncology (General Cancer): High Platelet High white cells, high platelets, white blood cell
high platelets, white blood cell, white cells: Dear Steve, As you can understand, I got only a partial picture of your disease as there is no description of the test results, only statements that those were conducted. Elevated white blood cell and platelet counts can be caused by infectious and malignant...

Oncology (General Cancer): HRCT ground glass opacities, ground glass opacity, needle biopsies
ground glass opacity, needle biopsies, ground glass opacities: Well it is never wrong to ask for a second opinion. I honestly do not understand why no biopsies have been done instead of just waiting and watching. Especially that tracheal lymph node should be possible to check with a biopsy for example via a mediastinoscopy....

Oncology (General Cancer): Hypo-echoic nodules and complex echo nodule on thyroid, nodule on thyroid, thyroid nodules
nodule on thyroid, thyroid nodules, thyroid ultrasound: Ultrasound works like radar - except that it uses sound waves instead of radio waves - so it sends in sound signals and register the echoes when they come back using them to create a picture of the interior of the organ under examination. Hypoechoic just means...

Oncology (General Cancer): high CA 19-9 scores, nausea and fatigue, wheat free diet
nausea and fatigue, wheat free diet, ultrasound of the liver: Well it looks to me as if you have gone through the whole catalogue without any cancer found at all. You also seem to feel better. I can only conclude that no cancer has been found and that any cancer now seems rather unlikely. I m not suggesting any new tests....

Oncology (General Cancer): Liver Cancer, stage 4 cancer, liver cancer
stage 4 cancer, liver cancer, living in sweden: I m sorry to read about his - and your - problems. I m a Swede, living in Sweden so unfortunately I have no idea what clinical trials that are available or even going on where you are. Your friend at the NIH is probably a better source for such information....

Oncology (General Cancer): Love bites and cancer, cause cancer, type of cancer
cause cancer, type of cancer, inflamation: Love bites absolutely can NOT cause any type of cancer. It is possible that your saliva may have caused some type of immune response, or perhaps some bacteria in your saliva could cause some inflamation. If the lump doesn t go away or grows larger with time,...

Oncology (General Cancer): Lung nodule, papillary cancer, living in sweden
papillary cancer, living in sweden, lung nodule: I m a Swede living in Sweden and English is not my first language. This terminology is unknown to me - BUT this part of your question is most probably better answered by an expert of diagnostic radiology, so it is outside my area of expertise. I do suggest...

Oncology (General Cancer): Lymphoma, lymph glands in the groin, groin area
lymph glands in the groin, groin area, swelling of the leg: Why was radiation therapy given? for what? Are you sure you mean lymphoma? is it not lymphedema you mean. Lymphedema just means that lymph fluid has difficulties in returning to the rest of the body from for example a leg. That leads to swelling of the leg....

Oncology (General Cancer): lung cancer treatment in 1967, chemo therapy drugs, lung cancer patients
chemo therapy drugs, lung cancer patients, cross country trip: The biological behaviour of a lung cancer was the same in 1967 as it is today. The difference was what was available with regards to treatment - much less then. I studied medicine in 1967. In fact in May of 1967 I was studying pathology so I have a good general...

Oncology (General Cancer): MELANOMA STAGE III CANCER, basal cell cancer, squamous cell skin cancer
basal cell cancer, squamous cell skin cancer, hysteromy: Your melanoma & meningiomas are not connected in any way! You have been diagnosed with a. malignant melanoma of your skin, b. a basal cell cancer of the skin and c. a squamous cell skin cancer. All these are related to sun/UV light exposure. So maybe you are...

Oncology (General Cancer): Metastic lung cancer with Cancer of unknown primary, soft tissue density, vena cava filter
soft tissue density, vena cava filter, thyroglobulin test: Thanks! Well this information still points in the direction of a primary lung cancer and not a thyroid cancer. But I still think that a fine/thin needle aspiration biopsy of the nodule should be done in order to be on the safe side. Unfortunately I have to...

Oncology (General Cancer): My man's swollen lymph node, lymph node biopsy, painful lymph nodes
lymph node biopsy, painful lymph nodes, needle biopsy: Dear Takesha, It does not sound like cancer. Swollen painful lymph nodes are almost always associated with an infection. A biopsy of the lymph node is standard care for recurrent infections. Here is more info on the procedure here: http://www.webmd.com/cancer/lymph-node-biopsy...

Oncology (General Cancer): nhl - what to expect, non hodgkins lymphoma, thoracic cavity
non hodgkins lymphoma, thoracic cavity, living in sweden: Well it seems that this mass is close to engage his esophagus. So we can expect problems in swallowing and eating. Since his airways are close to his esophagus there is also an obvious risk that his airways may become disturbed. If I happened to be in his...

Oncology (General Cancer): nodules on a chest xray, cancerous lesions, needle biopsy
cancerous lesions, needle biopsy, chest xray: Most nodules seen - at least on CT, in ordinary x-rays it is more uncertain - are non cancerous and of no concern but there are also cancerous lesions. Only a biopsy (for example a needle biopsy - if possible) can tell us what a lesion really is. But a CT...

Oncology (General Cancer): Pawpaw, malignant cancer cells, target cells
malignant cancer cells, target cells, prevention method: While it is true that most cancer cells consume a lot of sugar (by fermentation) I have to tell you that a lot of similar stories circulate on the internet and elsewhere without any foundation of real facts. So until this has been confirmed scientifically...

Oncology (General Cancer): Please read this. mestastized cancer, stage 4 breast cancer, breast cancer
stage 4 breast cancer, breast cancer, hormone receptor: Unfortunately with a stage 4 breast cancer any cure is at present impossible. Hormonal and chemo therapy MAY offer some possiblity of control though. But if that is possible in this case I have much too little information to evaluate. Was her cancer hormone...

Oncology (General Cancer): PROSTATE CANCER, family doc, prostate cancer
family doc, prostate cancer, pet scan: If his prostate and prostate cancer were totally removed there should not be any PSA at all after a while. If some is still there it MAY indicate that some of the cancer also is still there. I would suggest a PET scan to see if there is any tumor like cell...

Oncology (General Cancer): Prognosis??, squamous cell carcinoma, stage 4 cancer
squamous cell carcinoma, stage 4 cancer, spots on liver: Unfortunately your father has a stage 4 cancer. Such a cancer is at present incurable. It will also probably eventually kill him (unless he passes away for some other cause before that). How long that will take is however impossible to predict, especially...

Oncology (General Cancer): pancreatic tumour, medical oncologist, pancreatic tumor
medical oncologist, pancreatic tumor, radiation therapist: There are many possible reasons. Besides I m not a surgeon but a medical oncologist and a radiation therapist so I may even overlook or miss some reasons. This question should be directed to an expert of surgery - or even better to the surgeon in question...

Oncology (General Cancer): Not Really Sure, bladder carcinoma, gall bladder
bladder carcinoma, gall bladder, rdw: Dear Marc, This forum prevents us from giving specific medical advice. Your doctor should be explaining this for you. Here are some sites that give information on many of these tests: http://www.thebody.com/content/art14473.html http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003468.htm...

Oncology (General Cancer): Results, hi doug, self exams
hi doug, self exams, testicular cancer: That sounds good. It would be better to know what the lump is, though. Do your parents remember? If not, call the doc back and ask for the name again. Also, keep doing self exams and go back to the doctor if something changes. While I do not doubt their assessment...

Oncology (General Cancer): Shadow in the top right lung, wegener granulomatosis, hydatid cyst
wegener granulomatosis, hydatid cyst, inflammatory lesions: Dear Teresa, These shadows can be caused by many conditions and so you should try not to worry until you get the results of the biopsy. Here is some more information on nodules (not exactly what you have, but useful). Here are some of the possibilities:...

Oncology (General Cancer): Small Nodules - Follow Up in One Year??, lung cancer cases, chest x ray
lung cancer cases, chest x ray, malignant tumour: About 90% of all lung cancers are associated with smoking - which of course also means that about 10% are not. Yes lung cancers are very aggressive and most of them are in reality at present incurable, which in turn means that most lung cancer cases are killed...

Oncology (General Cancer): Stage IV Lung Cancer, brain cancers, lung tumors
brain cancers, lung tumors, radiation treatments: Dear JoAnn, I am very sorry to hear about your husband s cancer. While it is impossible to predict the prognosis of any individual patient, I am afraid it is very unlikely that he will go into remission. I am not an oncologist, so I can only be of partial...

Oncology (General Cancer): sacoma cancer, www cancer, tissue sarcoma
www cancer, tissue sarcoma, pdq: Dear Laura, I am sorry to hear about this. How old are you? I ask because there are adult and childhood forms. There is more information here: http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/treatment/adult-soft-tissue-sarcoma/patient Write back if you don...

Oncology (General Cancer): stage 4a cancer, oral cavity cancer, american cancer society
oral cavity cancer, american cancer society, cancer stage iv: I am afraid that the side effects of the radiation are likely to be fairly severe. They need to give as high a dose as possible. Here is a link with some info and this site has a lot of other information. http://www.oralcancerfoundation.org/facts/radiation_side_effects.htm...

Oncology (General Cancer): TB, infectious disease mortality, immune suppression
infectious disease mortality, immune suppression, antibiotic treatments: Actually TB is the 4th leading killer among infectious diseases, after respiratory disease, HIV, and diarrheal disease. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Infectious_disease#Mortality_from_infectious_diseases But among adults it is very serious, especially in...

Oncology (General Cancer): Testicular Cancer, cancer question, painful lump
cancer question, painful lump, testicular cancer: It s hard to say. I would be basing everything on your description, and that introduces a lot of possibility for error. If the lump is a solid mass growing out of the testicle, then it is very likely to be cancer. If it is a vein on the surface of the testicle,...

Oncology (General Cancer): Testicular Cancer, testicular cancer, proper test
testicular cancer, proper test, asian male: An ultrasound is the proper test to detect cancer. Just get the test done and you will know for sure. There is no need to go to the emergency room unless you are in a great deal of pain. If you have testicles, you can get testicular cancer. You may be at...

Oncology (General Cancer): Treatment for melanoma 3.5 mm thickness mid upper arm, lateral margins, biopsy results
lateral margins, biopsy results, malignant melanoma: Thanks! Yes I did notice your full name there. I myself have no control over such matters. The only thing I can do is to ask those in technical charge of this site to try to remove your last name. If that is possible I do not know, I can but try. With regards...

Oncology (General Cancer): testicular cancer, testicular cancer, surveillance
testicular cancer, surveillance: Your pathology report suggests that you have a stage I nonseminoma. This means that the cancer does not appear to have spread outside of the testicle. The CT scan also shows no obvious spreading of the cancer. Based on the composition of your tumor, I think...

Oncology (General Cancer): left testicular tumor, germ cell tumor, yolk sac tumor
germ cell tumor, yolk sac tumor, testicular tumor: That will depend on which chemo therapy scheme your dr. will decide on. Only the dr. in charge of your treatment can do that. That decision also decides side effects. All tests are possible regardless of therapy. You have to discuss your treatment with your...

Oncology (General Cancer): unknown pain, tail bone, pelvic area
tail bone, pelvic area, ovarian cancer: 1. Often but certainly NOT always. 2. Not often. Pain is certainly not an early symptom and at late stages there are usually other obvious signs & symptoms. 3. Yes certainly! Since this worries you you should underg a THOROUGH examination/investigation. Good...

Oncology (General Cancer): 20 Year son with Stage IV NSCLC, blood oxygen level, hilar lymphadenopathy
blood oxygen level, hilar lymphadenopathy, pulmonary emboli: Do you mean that the provided link does not work? It did when I tested it here. But it may not work just by clicking on it (due to AllExperts). But if you copy it to the address line of your browser it should work. Try that! Any help would be welcome! Here...

Oncology (General Cancer): Bone Cancer?, blood test result, blood test results
blood test result, blood test results, cancer question: The risk is not big since such tumors are rare but in order to be more sure at least an X-ray examination should be done, maybe also those other things mentioned. An X-ray examination & an MRI scan would probably cover most of the possibilities. Good luck!...

Oncology (General Cancer): Cancerous Rectum?, ulcerative colitis, pain in the butt
ulcerative colitis, pain in the butt, rectum: If you had your whole colon removed (due to ulcerative colitis?) and you have this much problem from your rectal stump, why not have it removed too? Yes if you did have ulcerative colitis eventually a cancer may develop in your remaining rectum but most probably...

Oncology (General Cancer): cancer in the knee, radiation therapy, good answer
radiation therapy, good answer, bone marrow: T be able to give a good answer to this I would need to know EXACTLY what kind of tumor she has. In general terms though a combination of surgery, radiation therapy and chemo therapy is often used. Cure may be possible but I can not promise it. With more information...

Oncology (General Cancer): cancer treatment, stage 4 cancer, sevredol
stage 4 cancer, sevredol, tumor control: Unfortunately his case has now become one of a stage 4 cancer which at present in principle is incurable. Some sort of tumor control for some time may be gained with more local radiation therapy - if possible - and with chemo therapy. But his prognosis is...

Oncology (General Cancer): Which country? Your informal advice please., nodular basal cell carcinoma, basal cell carcinoma
nodular basal cell carcinoma, basal cell carcinoma, medical oncologist: You have really given me a tough question! I doubt that ANYONE can answer all parts of it without extensive research. I m doing this free of charge in my (not unlimited) spare time as do all experts here. So there is a limit to how much time and effort I can...

Oncology (General Cancer): Should I see a doctor?..., acute myeloid leukemia, acute myelogenous leukemia
acute myeloid leukemia, acute myelogenous leukemia, second hand smoke: Dear Chanice, Your risk to develop leukemia is not increased significantly because your father had acute myeloid leukemia but it is increased somewhat because of the second-hand smoking. Since I don t know what your symptoms are, I cannot answer your second...

Oncology (General Cancer): Elevated CA-125, elevated bilirubin, elevated ca 125
elevated bilirubin, elevated ca 125, demand checks: Yes this test IS unreliable but since you have been checked with it and these findings have been found and you are worried this inactive state of your medical check up can not continue. Call your gynecological oncologist and DEMAND checks of your ovaries with...

Oncology (General Cancer): enquiries on prostrate cancer, cancer question, caucasian men
cancer question, caucasian men, prostrate cancer: It seems so, so yes probably it will give you a smaller risk. As far as I know with a REASONABLE diet there are no harmful effects. However LARGE doses of estrogen - even in medical treatments - do have bad effects (gynecomastia, impotence, cardiovascular...

Oncology (General Cancer): Food additives that cause cancer, chocolate cereal, eating a balanced diet
chocolate cereal, eating a balanced diet, hodgkin s lymphoma: It is extremely rare for someone to die from any type of cancer before the age of 40 or so. Far more people die from some type of accident at that age. It was an unfortunate fluke and you shouldn t worry about yourself and your children. I always say (half...

Oncology (General Cancer): Gall Bladder Cancer- Treatment options., gall bladder cancer, bladder cancer treatment
gall bladder cancer, bladder cancer treatment, cancer treatment options: Yes for some reason both my parents died from this, but in their cases it was rather advanced and caused jaundice. In my mother s case she was very afraid of surgery, but she was close to 91 when she got it. My father was 10 years younger when he got it (also...

Oncology (General Cancer): Heterotopic ossification, heterotopic ossification, radiation treatment
heterotopic ossification, radiation treatment, hip revision: In spite of the possibility of radiation treatment (any growing tissue even if not malignant can be treated with radiation in order to try to make it stop growing, up to around 40 years ago it was not uncommon to treat even mechanical inflammations (like tendinitis)...

Oncology (General Cancer): Hypoechoic Solid Thyroid Nodule, fine needle aspiration, thyroid hormone levels
fine needle aspiration, thyroid hormone levels, thyroid nodules: Scintigraphy works by recording and visualizing the isotope uptake in the thyroid. Malignant lesions are usually less able to take up the isotope and thereby be seen. Personally I do recommend that thin /fine needle aspiration biopsies are done on your thyroid...

Oncology (General Cancer): high grade astrocytoma brain, gamma knife surgery, traditional chemotherapy
gamma knife surgery, traditional chemotherapy, traditional radiation: No they will not. Too much time has passed and these new tumor tissues may not be sensitive. I see no harm in trying the gamma knife. Her present tumor is not too big for it. But unfortunately I can not promise success. On the other hand I have nothing else...

Oncology (General Cancer): Length of side effects following spot radiation treatments, nausea and vomiting, radiation side effects
nausea and vomiting, radiation side effects, radiation treatments: I too doubt that it has anything to do with his radiation. His symptoms do seem consistent with a progressing tumor disease. Yes the prognosis seems probable too. I m sorry to bother you with an appeal for help. I know that it is exactly the opposite of...

Oncology (General Cancer): Lymph nodes, sedimentation rate, groin area
sedimentation rate, groin area, productive cough: Blood tests do not show everything! And we know that your EBV was negative so it is NOT mononucleosis (glandular fever)! Thin needle aspiration biopsies of one or several of your lymph nodes can tell us precisely what is going on! Go to an oncologist or a...

Oncology (General Cancer): liver cancer, liver cancer, exact description
liver cancer, exact description, kind of man: These were HARD questions! I still have far too little information of her case to be able to form any opinion on those matters! If you can give me more details of the pathology of her tumors, a more exact description of all tumor locations and a more detailed...

Oncology (General Cancer): loss of appetite, loss of appetite, anorexia
loss of appetite, anorexia, THC: Hi, The best site I know on this topic is from the American Cancer Society: http://www.cancer.org/docroot/MBC/MBC_6.asp There is lots of information on nutrition for patients under treatment. He should talk to his doctor, as there may be medications...

Oncology (General Cancer): lump on testicals, testical size, best bet
testical size, best bet, testicular cancer: I am sorry, but I don t think I can adequately answer the question. You do not say how old your son is, but even if he was old enough to get testicular cancer (14 or over), it rarely presents on both sides at once. I think your best bet is to get him checked...

Oncology (General Cancer): lung cancer, borderline diabetes, lung cancers
borderline diabetes, lung cancers, vital organs: Well surgery, radiation therapy and chemo therapy may be possible but can probably only prolong his survival time since most lung cancers have a very bad prognosis. So the choice must be his. There are unfortunately NO other drugs that can be of any help!...

Oncology (General Cancer): lung tumor necrosis, tumor necrosis, lung tumor
tumor necrosis, lung tumor, blood supply: This is a rather common phenomenon in all sorts of cancer. The tumor by growing partly outgrows its own blood supply. So parts of THE TUMOR die! It is of no significance to his prognosis as other parts of his cancer (for example in his brain) can continue...

Oncology (General Cancer): lymph nodes, fine needle aspiration, groin lymph nodes
fine needle aspiration, groin lymph nodes, enlarged lymph node: There is actually not much difference except in size. But also normal lymph nodes may be enlarged due to an infection/inflammation. The easiest, simplest & quickest way to ensure a diagnosis is through thin/fine needle aspiration biopsies of the lymph nodes...

Oncology (General Cancer): Multiple Myeloma, multiple myeloma, protein metabolism
multiple myeloma, protein metabolism, antibody treatment: 1. Velcade is NOT an ordinary chemo therapy agent. It interferes with the protein metabolism in the tumor cells pushing them towards so called apoptosis (= cell suicide ). 2. Your mother obviously has an advanced case of multiple myeloma (otherwise this therapy...

Oncology (General Cancer): marble sized lump, needle biopsy, lump under the skin
needle biopsy, lump under the skin, sized lump: If it has not chnged much over a time of 18 months or so it is probably not a cancer but I can not guarantee that! So I strongly suggest that you let a dr. check it soonest! A needle biopsy should be able to tell us quickly what it is! Please do not wait...

Oncology (General Cancer): mesothelima, cancer, nutrition
cancer, nutrition: Dear Debbie, I am sorry to hear about your mother. Being a caregiver can be extremely difficult. I hope that you can get some help. It sounds like she should be on an IV to get more fluids and more nutrition. I am afraid if she can t eat anything else,...

Oncology (General Cancer): How Risky is Fasting Before Chemo?, stage 2 breast cancer, breast tumors
stage 2 breast cancer, breast tumors, david answer: David, You are definitely doing the right thing by being supportive and getting all the information that you can. Second opinions are always a good idea. As I am sure you have seen there are many options, lots of trials of new protocols and no one right...

Oncology (General Cancer): Skin Cancer.. odd shaped freckle..., skin lesions, abcds
skin lesions, abcds, skin cancer: If it has been there all your life and you are not aware of any change it is probably not dangerous. But of course I can not guarantee that. That it also has an even color makes it more probable that it is not dangerous. Asymmetry and uneven borders are a...

Oncology (General Cancer): Thymic cyst, e mail address, needle biopsy
e mail address, needle biopsy, cancer doc: Impossible to be sure. Most nodules found are not dangerous in any way but some are! However - if possible - a needle biopsy of the nodule MAY quickly resolve the problem. I m sorry to bother you with an appeal for help. I know that it is exactly the opposite...

Oncology (General Cancer): Thyroid tumor, thyroid tumor, thyroid tumors
thyroid tumor, thyroid tumors, aunts and uncles: Before we start discussing thyroid cancer I think it is best first to make sure what her thyroid lesion is. When we KNOW what it is we are in a much better position to discuss what should be done about it! The easiest, simplest and fastest way to make the...

Oncology (General Cancer): Tumors on fallopian tube and ovary, total hysterectomy, bladder problems
total hysterectomy, bladder problems, transvaginal ultrasound: It may be but I can not give you any sure diagnosis at present nor any odds! An abdominal endoscopy (laparascopy) with biopsies done quicker could give us her diagnosis faster - if available where you are! Her bladder problems could be connected with this...

Oncology (General Cancer): 83 0ld father, healthcare discipline, harmful drugs
healthcare discipline, harmful drugs, ballas road: Susan, Blood in the urine and extreme abdominal pain is not in his head. The fact that he is 83 should have nothing to do with it, he is a living breathing human being, and more than that he is your father. We have seen many people in their eighties and...

Oncology (General Cancer): Abdominal pain, SLE. lymphoma?, exploratory laparoscopy, supraclavicular lymph nodes
exploratory laparoscopy, supraclavicular lymph nodes, needle biopsies: Since it is your lymph nodes that worries you the easiest, simplest and quickest examination would be thin/fine needle biopsies of those nodes. Then you would know what they are. However I do not know if such biopsies are available where you are. Of course...

Oncology (General Cancer): Adrenal tumor question, brain mets, adrenal tumor
brain mets, adrenal tumor, brain tumors: No we do not know that. But it has grown considerably which may mean that is is alive and kicking. The only way to really check that before surgery would be through a needle biopsy, which can be done stereotactically based on x-ray pictures or through ultrasound...

Oncology (General Cancer): Appendix Cancer Chemical Markers, systemic chemotherapy, chemical markers
systemic chemotherapy, chemical markers, ct pet: There are uncertainties with all tumor markers. If no more tumor activity can be seen with CT (& PET?) maybe the CEA is more reliable. But I can not be sure of that. So at present i can not with any certainty determine which one of these 2 tests that is the...

Oncology (General Cancer): armpit swelling and arm/shoulder pain, lump, biopsy
lump, biopsy, shoulder pain: Dear Amanda, I don t think you should be scared. Cancer rarely is accompanied by pain. That being said, any lump should be investigated. They may do a biopsy. What you have sounds more like carpal tunnel syndrome. Are you left handed? Do you use that...

Oncology (General Cancer): artificial hydration at end of life, water losses, prostate cancer
water losses, prostate cancer, little water: That depends on his body temperature (any fever?), environmental temperature and humidity, amount of urine and amount and condition of his stools (water losses). But in general terms we can live for weeks without food but normally only days without water....

Oncology (General Cancer): Ball on top of testicle, spermocele, testicular cancer
spermocele, testicular cancer, spermatic cord: I think he is correct. Testicular cancer rarely would show up on the top of the testicle and never, as far as I know, as a lump on the spermatic cord. If insurance will cover the ultrasound and give you peace of mind, go ahead. If you are going to have to...

Oncology (General Cancer): Blood Counts, bone marrow biopsy, bone marrow biopsy results
bone marrow biopsy, bone marrow biopsy results, red blood cells: Ok, thanks. He has an anemia (lack of red cells) which also can be seen since his marrow seems to produce more red cells. There is also a lack of blood platelets. I have no serious negative comments with regards to his white cells. However the IMPORTANT results...

Oncology (General Cancer): bladder cancer, millimeters to centimeters, cancer question
millimeters to centimeters, cancer question, cancer diagnosis: Well they had to be big enough for study by the naked eye anyway. Millimeters to centimeters. Impossible to say more. I m sorry to bother you with an appeal for help. I know that it is exactly the opposite of what you expect from a volunteer at AllExperts....

Oncology (General Cancer): Cancer of the spine, cancer of the spine, tumors of the spine
cancer of the spine, tumors of the spine, malignant tumors: Malignant tumors of the spine usually have a very bad prognosis. But without knowing precisely what kind of cancer he has got I can not be more specific with regards to the rest of your question. However I doubt very much that there is anything you or anyone...

Oncology (General Cancer): Chest X-ray positive, chest xray, chest x ray
chest xray, chest x ray, acute bronchitis: I am not a doctor, so I do not have much experience interpreting chest xrays. Nevertheless, it seems that it is a lot harder to detect bronchitis via chest xray than, say, pneumonia or tumors. That is not to say that bronchitis could not cause something that...

Oncology (General Cancer): Complex ovarian cyst, stomach bloating, cyst on left ovary
stomach bloating, cyst on left ovary, bowel habits: While I doubt that you have had an ovarian cancer all this time and far from certain even now I m still shocked that such a clear case of a gynecological speciality question has been dealt by your primary care clinic! Hopefully it will turn out not to be dangerous...

Oncology (General Cancer): cancer, ministry education, type of cancer
ministry education, type of cancer, genetic factor: I see. Well, let us see if I have understood your question correctly? You represent the Syrian Ministry of Education and you want to know to what extent genetics plays a role in the incidence of cancer. Is that correct? What types of cancer do you mean or...

Oncology (General Cancer): cancer prostate, secondary bone cancer, blood vessel problems
secondary bone cancer, blood vessel problems, bone lesions: Well, both cancers and patients are individuals not identical copies/clones! So there are differences in the responses to treatment both with regards to the cancers and with regards to the patients. That explains the uncertainties in the evaluation done by...

Oncology (General Cancer): chemo for third stage colon cancer, cancer marker, back seat driver
cancer marker, back seat driver, colon cancer: Since I too was self employed for a long time after I left the Swedish Army, I do understand your situation (I m now retired after a stroke). However deciding on chemo therapy schedules is such an important and sensitive matter which requires very good total...

Oncology (General Cancer): armpit swelling and arm/shoulder pain, chiropractic treatment, chiropractor
Oncology (General Cancer): armpit swelling and arm/shoulder pain, chiropractic treatment, chiropractor, nerves

Oncology (General Cancer): Ball on top of testicle, testicle, marble
Oncology (General Cancer): Ball on top of testicle, testicle, marble, diagnosis

Oncology (General Cancer): Glioma (left frontal lobe)..., inpulse, brainstem
Oncology (General Cancer): Glioma (left frontal lobe)..., inpulse, brainstem, cerebellum

Oncology (General Cancer): Tesicular Lump (post vasectomy), epididymis, cyst
Oncology (General Cancer): Tesicular Lump (post vasectomy), epididymis, cyst, testicle

Oncology (General Cancer): Gastric cancer survival rate, gastric cancer
gastric cancer: Dear Manil, I am sorry to hear about your brother. That is very young to get this disease. I am not a nutrition expert, but here is a good site to consult: http://www.cancer.org/docroot/MH/MH_0.asp?sitearea= Here are some idea on foods for this...

Oncology (General Cancer): Glioma (left frontal lobe)..., medical oncologist, brain tumors
medical oncologist, brain tumors, radiation therapist: Sorry Carla, this is a question for a very experienced neurologist! I m a humble medical oncologist and radiation therapist with experience of treating brain tumors so I m not a neurologist. I therefore recommend that you direct this question to an expert...

Oncology (General Cancer): hey :), undescended testicle, testicular cancer
undescended testicle, testicular cancer, old wives: Only if you really have to go and all the stalls are occupied. ABSOLUTELY NOTHING we know of will increase your risk of getting testicular cancer above and beyond what it already is now. White men, who had an undescended testicle as a baby and are living...

Oncology (General Cancer): Lump in neck, neck lump
neck lump: Dear Brian, I think it is very unlikely to be cancer. A cyst is the most likely cause. But you should get it checked out. Where do you live? Maybe we can find a free clinic or get the American Cancer Society to refer you to someone to check it out free...

Oncology (General Cancer): Lung Cancer, lung sacs, cancer cells
lung sacs, cancer cells, cancerous cells: Well, all investigative methods (x-rays, CT-scans, MRI-scans, ultrasound-scans & laboratory methods) have a lower limit of sensitivity under which they can not detect changes. In this case, though his MRI has not been able to detect any change - since it probably...

Oncology (General Cancer): Lymph Nodes and Thyroid, needle aspiration biopsy, surgical biopsy
needle aspiration biopsy, surgical biopsy, needle biopsy: Well that is possible, but at present without any results it is impossible to be sure of anything! However if a fine/thin needle aspiration biopsy is inconclusive THEN a surgical biopsy SHOULD be done! That has obviously not happened in this case! From that...

Oncology (General Cancer): lung cancer, needle biopsy, chronic inflammation
needle biopsy, chronic inflammation, mediastinoscopy: Ask your dr. if it can be reached with a needle biopsy, either via the chest wall or via a mediastinoscopy? That is what I can think of at the moment. Without a sure pathology diagnosis it is hard to give you any advice. The alternative would be to surgically...

Oncology (General Cancer): Melanoma, malignant melanoma, old grandmother
malignant melanoma, old grandmother, radiation therapy: 1. It is unfortunately impossible to predict with any certainty. At her age some tumors sometimes grow very slowly. But that is not anything I can promise in her case. 2. That is unfortunately possible - but not sure. 3. Unfortunately not. Malignant melanoma...

Oncology (General Cancer): Metastron/faslodex, karolinska university hospital, megase
karolinska university hospital, megase, medication works: That is a (anti)hormonal therapy drug but with less side effects than some others. It may work here but since she has been on hormonal therapy that no longer works it is far from certain. The other medication works on a completely different principle. It is...

Oncology (General Cancer): Ovarian Cancer, lesion on liver, bulky uterus
lesion on liver, bulky uterus, history of ovarian cancer: 1.Under the circumstances a gyn.onc. would probably be good. 2.It is possible, even probable but not sure. You should be investigated with ultrasound, laparascopy & biopsies from ovaries and of any suspect lesions seen in your abdominal cavity and in your...

Oncology (General Cancer): onogology field, medical oncologist, onocologist
medical oncologist, onocologist, radiation therapist: I m a medical oncologist and radiation therapist! In those fields they play a very important role! However all medicine including surgical oncology is indeed based on science! It is the very foundation of modern medicine! Without science modern medicine becomes...

Oncology (General Cancer): ovarian cancer, cancer doc, allexperts
cancer doc, allexperts, ovarian cancer: Unfortunately I have to agree with her dr. At present there is no other treatment available for this kind of tumour. It still has a very bad prognosis. I m very sorry Tina that I m unable to help you and her! But that is unfortunately the truth! I m sorry...

Oncology (General Cancer): PET Scan one year post chemo, b cell lymphoma, sloane kettering
b cell lymphoma, sloane kettering, sloan kettering: You are most welcome! Unfortunately not for many years to come. After 5 years you can relax mostly (but probably never 100%). So 2 years is not a period of time I can promise a cure in. There are many types of B-cell lymphomas. Some are relatively well behaved...

Oncology (General Cancer): Period of feeling better while dying?, rapid weight loss, radiation side effects
rapid weight loss, radiation side effects, radiation treatments: It can also be a sign that his radiation therapy had a better (though unfortunately probably temporary) effect than expected so that his symptoms right now are much less severe. That however unfortunately does not change his long time prognosis. Actually it...

Oncology (General Cancer): Peritoneal cancer, wake forest nc, stomach cavity
wake forest nc, stomach cavity, normal body temperature: Ok, I m familiar with the theory behind it and the practice of it but not with the acronym. I also personally dislike the use of all these acronyms. If a method is important enough to be used it is also important enough to be spelled out! Less risk of misunderstandings...

Oncology (General Cancer): Philadelphia Chromosome et al, bone marrow biopsy, non hodgkins lymphoma
bone marrow biopsy, non hodgkins lymphoma, high platelet count: You did?! Though Finnish grammar is so hard! VERY GOOD! And absolutely NOT related to English at all! Which Swedish actually is and quite closely too! It is somewhere in between English and German sometimes closer to English and sometimes closer to German....

Oncology (General Cancer): Potassium Limits, sodium potassium, potassium imbalance
sodium potassium, potassium imbalance, heart contraction: Mike, There are different types of nutrition tests that you could take to look for low nutrient counts in the blood for instance. And then a person may take a certain amount of that nutrient through a pill or a powder of some sort. I will have you know...

Oncology (General Cancer): RENAL CELL CANCER, renal cell cancer, left kidney
renal cell cancer, left kidney, radiation treatments: It is doubtful if this is curable. Renal cancer is often not very sensitive to radiation therapy or to chemo therapy. It is also a case where the cancer has spread which always makes it more difficult to treat. Since you seem to tolerate the medication perhaps...

Oncology (General Cancer): rate of survival Non-small Cell lung Cancer iv, cell lung cancer, stage iv non small cell lung cancer
cell lung cancer, stage iv non small cell lung cancer, small cell lung cancer: I m very sorry to read about his and your problems! Since he has never smoked I suppose his lung cancer is an adenocarcinoma. That is usually the case when dealing with non smoking related lung cancer (about 10% of all lung cancer, the remaining 90 % are smoking...

Oncology (General Cancer): SORE IN ESOPHAGUS, stomach acid production, hiatus hernia
stomach acid production, hiatus hernia, aloe vera: This is due to his hiatus hernia. Stomach acid leaks up into his esophagus and causes this. It also seems to irritate his duodenum. The important thing here is his Nexium medication. If he takes that as prescribed his stomach acid production will be drastically...

Oncology (General Cancer): Sore red bump under left armpit, e mail address, cancer doc
e mail address, cancer doc, allexperts: Probably a local infection/inflammation, but go to your dr.! I m sorry to bother you with an appeal for help. I know that it is exactly the opposite of what you expect from a volunteer at AllExperts. But I really have nowhere else to turn, except to the...

Oncology (General Cancer): Stockholm Dermatologist, malignant melanoma, skin specialist
malignant melanoma, skin specialist, skin clinic: I have now been retired - after a stroke - for almost 6 years. I m not aware of if the mole map technology is in use here (I m not a dermatologist). That it is in countries like Australia is another matter. It really should be here too since malignant melanoma...