About Experts Sitemap - Group 39 - Page 16 2016-04-26

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: LWD & LTI
Subject: LWD & LTI Question: What is the difference between Lost work days and loss time injury. Answer: The short response is you can state that a lost time injury/incident is the actual event that results in lost work days . In many cases the terms...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: safe man hours for driver
Subject: safe man hours for driver Question: Dear Mr. Brown - is there any formula for calculating safe man hours for drivers. If so please guide me how to calculate. Answer: Most companies and organizations I am aware of use the same method of calculating...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Question
Question: Good day, With reference to health and safety policies, risks and hazards specified by industry codes, I have the following questions. I work for a company involved in land development SIC 6552 and NAICS 237210. How can one obtain a manual for specified...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Foot injuries stats.
Subject: Foot injuries stats Question: What are the new stats for the Bureau of Labor Statistics reports on nonfatal foot and toe injuries sustained by workers in 2013? And the average worker’s compensation for slip and fall injuries? If you can I need the...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: continuing education article authors
Subject: Continuing education article authors Question: I m a start up continuing education company looking for expert authors who could write continuing education articles for plumbers, contractors, etc.. I don t know where to look. Do you know where I...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Total man hours without lost time accident
Subject: Total man hours without lost time accident Question: In my project we have reached 9,5m man hours without LTA for 11 months period. 0n month 12 we have one accident that employee has to get surgery at hospital. Total man day lost are 5days. Is...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: TRIR 200,000 vs. 1,000,000 hours
Subject: TRIR 200,000 vs. 1,000,000 hours Question: Why it when I calculate my TRIR and I use 200,000 hours it comes out lower than when I use 1,000,000 hours (Total Injuries x 200,000/ hours worked. Our organization only has roughly 110 employees with...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: use of spray paint in an enclosed cellar with no open windows or doors and four gas burning pilot lights
Keith great question! If you have read the instructions on the can, it specifically tells you to use in a well ventilated area. A closed in basement with sources of ignition probably isn t a good idea. Moreover, not only may it be a flammable gas problem,...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Frequency Rate
Subject: Frequency Rate Question: What is the standard for calculating Frequency Rate? I have seen three different numbers used for multiplying the man hours / total recordable. 100K, 200K and 1MM. Is this set by a particular regulation, or is it simply...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: DART rate
Subject: DART rate Question: If a company has three separate entities with different names, but with common ownership, should/can their loss experience be combined to calculate their DART rate for OSHA? Thanks. Answer: Bill, the answer to this will...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Loss time accident
Subject: Loss time accident Question: I have an employee who had an injury on the job. We gave her light duty work, as requested by the doctors. After a 2 month period, out of nowhere, she claimed extreme pain, and has taken a week off, per her doctor....

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Question Regarding Cutting Fiberglass
Subject: Question Regarding Cutting Fiberglass Question: Hi Mike, I live in an apt and the owner is going to repair the fiberglass tub in my bathroom. He has explained that they have to cut the fiberglass, pour concrete underneath and re-seal the tub....

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Feces traces left by workers in the workplace
Subject: Feces traces left by workers in the workplace Question: What rights do I have as an individual to complain about an employee/coworker with disabilities when individuals have clearly messed themselves and do not realize it or know to change? ...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Query
Dear Sam, while this is not my area of expertise I know that my clients have used various formats for the toolbox topics. The brief exchanges may be governed by specific rules in your state so I would suggest to contact the local OSHA office for guidance....

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Drinking Water
Subject: Drinking Water Question: Hi, I work for a small company and the employees are making complains that the water is reaching to the job site very late. Can the employer be cited for not have water on the job? And if so, can you give me information...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Silica sand breathing hazard
Hi Without seeing the composition of the sand that you intend to use it would be difficult to make this judgement.It is also important to know the quantities and whether the person using the sand had any underlying health conditions. I generally deal...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: vacation Vs Lost time
Subject: Vacation vs. Lost Time Question: If an employee is given a day off for an injury to return the following day on restricted duty. The employee wants to use a vacation day to protect the lost time record. I still need to record as lost time correct?...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Storage of Flammable material
Subject: Storage of Flammable material Question: We recently replaced all of our flammable storage cabinets in our plant crib. We store paint, mold cleaner etc. in 12 oz cans. The question is can the cans be kept in their corrugated box (12 per box) unopened...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Shift work
Subject: Shift work Question: Mike, not sure who to ask, but with your experience in you may have come across this. I am 56, in good general health. I work the night shift as a city transit driver. I enjoy this job, and prefer the night shift (5pm to 2pm)...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Coffee Maker placement and OSHA
Hi Steve, I m not aware of any specific requirements. My suggestion would be to contact the local OSHA office as I don t know what state youre in. Some states manage workplace safety independent of OSHA. You could also bring your concerns to the attention...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: OSHA and coffee maker placement
Steve, I am sorry but there is insufficient information to answer the question. A lot could depend on such things as the placement of electrical outlets, availability of water, etc. OSHA generally does not address such things as placement of coffee makers....

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Excel Sheet for Calculating Man hour and lost time injury.
Subject: Excel Sheet for Calculating Man hour and lost time injury . Question: Hi Sir, Could you share the excel sheet to calculate the lost time injury and lost time. Answer: I do not have an Excel Sheet for man hours and lost time incidents. The...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Lost Time Injury?
Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Lost Time Injury?

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Lost Time Injury?
Subject: Lost Time Injury? Question: Thank you Michael. I know it would be a recordable but one thing I did not mention is the employee came to work and worked several hours before leaving for the surgery. The Dr. wrote a return to work the following day...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: 1000000 man hours without LTA celebration
Subject: 1000000 man hours without LTA celebration Question: Dear Sir Thanks for the services you provide for humanity In most companies they celebrate for 1000000 man hours free accident, kindly i am asking you to explain this celebration is based on...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Personal Accident Statistics
Subject: Personal Accident Statistics Question: Good day Sir! I am an employed personnel from an electric cooperative based here in the Province of Batangas, Philippines. May I know how to compute/assess/analyze the following: Total No. of Manhours?...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: No sink in animal-care workplace
Subject: No sink in animal-care workplace Question: Hi, I work in a small kennel in Rhode Island. Instead of having a bathroom with a sink we have a portapotty (no sink, just hand sanitizer). It seems wrong that we can t wash up after going to the bathroom...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Flammable/Combustible
Subject: Flammable/Combustible Question: Hey Mike, Do you know how far away from the exits we need our flammable and combustible to be in reference to the information below. Thank you! 1926.152(a)(2) Flammable or combustible liquids shall not be...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: montmorillonite exposure, asbestos
asbestos: Hi Poppy I understand your concern there has been lots of deaths due to asbestos exposure in the past due to workers inhaling the asbestos fibres over a long period of time. Many, who have a short term exposure are also worried. I am not sure if you are...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: horse play on a pallet jack
Subject: horse play on a pallet jack Question: I moved a couple of pallets with a manual pallet jack to a trailer to be disposed of. While pulling pallet jack back to my department I stepped on the forks while holding on to the jack handle and pushed myself...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Lost Time
Subject: Lost Time Question: I have an employee who cut her finger which required 6 stitches. We put her on restrictive duties for one week so the finger could heal. She went back to the doctor to have the stitches taken out and the doctor said it wasn...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: safe man-hour before an LTI
Hi Joey Maths is not my strong point, but I would do the calculation like this: 395 * 12 * 25 = ? + hours before the accident on the 26th day So if the accident happened at say 4 pm on the 26th Feb - then I would add the number 2765 which is 7 *...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Washer/dryer installation
Subject: Washer/dryer installation Question: My company sells, installs, and repairs washers and dryers in multi-family communities. In most cases the dryer (120 lbs.) is stacked on top of front-load washers. This means the dryer must be un-stacked before...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: AllExperts - Question, digital media applications, human cadavers
digital media applications, human cadavers, biohazard waste: Hi Cynthia, Your question is not really about occupational health or biohazard waste, but I m always willing to give my opinions if asked for them! If you are teaching biology to the primary or secondary level I think the use of digital application is...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Apartment Railing, administrative organization, fire inspector
administrative organization, fire inspector, safety hazard: The short answer to this question is no, it does not fall under OSHAs domain. I recommend you contact the local building inspector, health inspector and fire inspector. It is a SERIOUS hazard and the owner has the responsibility to keep the apartment and the...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Asbestos in a landfill, boiler insulation, asbestos chrysotile
boiler insulation, asbestos chrysotile, friable asbestos: Russell: 1. You are right, it IS not right what they have done. If the bags broke open and you were close to this dust daily for four years, then I m sure you were exposed. If there was visible dust from these bags, the employer could have taken some action....

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Asphalt shingles, asphalt shingles, roof shingles
asphalt shingles, roof shingles, chimney smoke: If you are talking roof shingles, the runoff from the roof will be unmeasurable within a very short time of installation, if at all. The type of runoff will be similar as from under your car (oil drips) or chimney smoke (soot). Not sure what you mean by...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Asphalt shingles and vegatables, petroleum contaminants, asphalt shingles
petroleum contaminants, asphalt shingles, asphalt roof: I checked with several plant scientists after I was asked a similar question, and the answer was that there should not be any problems with vegetables watered with normal run off from a normal asphalt roof. The amounts of any petroleum contaminants would...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Auto Paint Shop Hazard to Neighborhood Homes, auto paints, comm info
auto paints, comm info, auto body shops: Stef Dunson, I don t know any studies about the effects of auto painting shops. Auto paints usually contain a lot of solvents which will produce nuisance odors in the surrounding area. Here is a EPA Community Information Sheet about Auto Body Shops:...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Auto shop floor safety striping, southwestern michigan college, jacobsen school
southwestern michigan college, jacobsen school, paint shops: Randy Thank you for this question. I work building automotive paint shops for the big 3. The best resource is for you to go to MIOSHA and ask for the requirements. Another resource is dale.bollis@gm.com Dale is a safety guru that works in operating plants...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: air conditioner, measure air temperature, oily stains
measure air temperature, oily stains, damage mechanisms: I m stretching my knowledge a bit here, but let s try. Two possibilities for possible damage mechanisms ome to mind: 1. PCB s leaking from the AC compressor. Not likely, but there s no guarantee. Look for any oily stains on the grund near the AC. 2. Heat...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: air quality, combustion gases, forklift trucks
combustion gases, forklift trucks, osha office: Diesel exhaust consists of particulates, carbon, hydrocarbons, and combustion gases, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide (CO2), and nitrogen dioxides, etc..... check out the OSHA web page at www.OSHA.gov they have some new information on diesel exhaust. If...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: ankle covered leather footwear, leather footwear, personal protective equipment
leather footwear, personal protective equipment, leather boots: Subject: Ankle covered leather footwear. Question: If the employer requires its employees to wear ankle covered leather boots, does the employer have to pay for them? Answer: Congratulations – you have found one of what I suspect will be many gray areas...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: antennas, panel antennas, communication utility
panel antennas, communication utility, cellular tower: pat, It sounds like a cell tower. My church leases some of our land to AT&T for a cellular tower. We have some members who live accros the street from it. Several people researched the health and other effects before we agreed to the lease. They did...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: art materials and the environmental impact, exact ingredients, toxic chemicals
exact ingredients, toxic chemicals, art materials: Two things to point out first. ANYTHING you use is toxic. Table salt is toxic, sugar is toxic, all chemicals are toxic. The term really has no meaning except in some very special USEPA regulations. Why are you using supplies that you consider toxic...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: asbestos, proper containment, protective qualities
proper containment, protective qualities, mrs richardson: Mrs. Richardson, Without going into a long drawn out explanation of the hazards of asbestos, let me try to keep it simple. The council was right to see if any homes had the older heating units. I suspect what they were trying to tell you was the asbestos...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: ayuda, exploring the web, pharmaceutical plant
exploring the web, pharmaceutical plant, professional groups: Subject: ayuda Question: dear friend, as you probably know I work for a pharmaceutical plant. The other day a guy came from Panama to Venezuela and carried out an audit. I knew (learned?) plenty of things I did not know, but I would like you to explain...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: ayuda, regulatory audit, pharmaceutical plant
regulatory audit, pharmaceutical plant, necessary qualifications: I m not an expert in regulatory matters - my experience lies more in environmental management - but I ll try to answer your question as best as I can. The qualifications and knowledge needed by the auditor depends on the type of audit he was conducting....

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: ayuda, phone boook, osha office
phone boook, osha office, workplace regulations: I did not probably know that you work for a pharmeceutical company. How could I? Also, I am sorry to say that I am not an expert in all workplace regulations. I am an expert in asbestos. But I do know that you can go into an OSHA office and discuss your...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: ayuda, worker compensation board, safety signals
worker compensation board, safety signals, osha regulations: Subject: Inspections Question: I worked 25 years as a fire fighter and I am now retired, I am working for a safety company and I am in charge of inspecting warehouses. What do you recommend me to make good inspections? Should I you check the complement...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Bathroom Sink Drinking Water--Safe at work, federal osha regulations, state safety regulations
federal osha regulations, state safety regulations, authority having jurisdiction: Subject: Drinking Water Question: I m writing because my employer wants to save 1 dollar a day by eliminating the bottled water they supply to us and instead have us get drinking water from the bathroom sink. Years ago, we had a water fountain and that...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Behavior based Safety, poor safety records, forest products industry
poor safety records, forest products industry, maintenance superintendent: Subject: Behavior based Safety Question: How do you feel about behavior-based safety and what safety philosophy do you feel works best? I am in a unionized facility. Answer: I am all in favor of “behavior” based safety but my definition of “behavior”...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Bleach used for household cleaning, sodium hypochlorite bleach, chlorine bleach
sodium hypochlorite bleach, chlorine bleach, sewage system: Sorry I didn t get back to you sooner, Jacqui, the original message from allexperts.com went missing – probably into the junk folder. My expertise is with drinking water treatment, but since Sodium Hypochlorite (bleach) is frequently used in water treatment,...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Blood contaminents, bloodborne pathogen standard, osha office
bloodborne pathogen standard, osha office, osha standards: Rebecca, Yes what you are describing would be a violation of OSHA s Bloodborne Pathogen Standard. Not knowing what state you reside in, I will direct you to OSHA s federal standards. The standard you can refer to is 29 CFR1910.1030. The link to that...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Bronze hazards, occupational safety and health administration, zinc nickel
occupational safety and health administration, zinc nickel, tin zinc: Hello, Because the internet is international (and I am not an international expert!), I am assuming you are from the United States and I will cite U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration standards and practices in this response. You are right...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Byproducts of tire wear, material safety data, material safety data sheet
material safety data, material safety data sheet, safety data sheet: I don t think there would be any volitiles mostly dust, that would accumulate along the road, wash into streams, and degrade. Some may be airborne. Not sure of the environmental impacts. There is more environmental impacts from the oil and lubricants...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: how could someone become entwined in a crane's arm?, construction job, operator error
construction job, operator error, mechanical problem: Thank you for the question - however I need more information to answer it. Follow up - I asked you for more information and you give me a bad feedback rating. If you truely wanted an answer you would have provided the extra information. I do not appreciate...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: biological growth in metal working fluids (i.e., coolant), type of bacteria, working fluids
type of bacteria, working fluids, biological growth: First, I am not a microbiologist and no expert on this subject. I have to say though as an industrial hygienist, I can think of a dozens of other places inside and outside a building I would consider before metal working fluids. First there are two types...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: boron in water, minnesota department of health mdh, groundwater contaminants
minnesota department of health mdh, groundwater contaminants, maximum contaminant level: The US EPA does has not set a maximum contaminant level for boron in drinking water, Lori. From what I have read, however, the boron levels you mentioned are about 15-30 times higher than the recommended 0.5-1.0 ppm maximum levels in drinking water for human...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: boron in water, ion exchange processes, drinking water supplies
ion exchange processes, drinking water supplies, world health organization: Hi - I am sorry I did not respond to your question earlier. For some reason I did not receive the original notification of your question. How high is the concentration of Boron in your water? Too much can be a health problem and the maximum concentration...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Calculating a mod rate, workers compensation insurance, dollar losses
workers compensation insurance, dollar losses, experience mod: Subject: Calculating a mod rate Question: I am interested in knowing the formula behind the mod rate. How can I find that? For example, if a company has a mod rate of .72, how was that number determined. Answer: Becky, I am going to assume you are...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Cash Counting, safety deposit boxes, occupational safety and health administration
safety deposit boxes, occupational safety and health administration, occupational safety and health administration osha: Dear Ms. Langille: You didn t say where your employer was located and standards may vary in different countries, but in the U.S., the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) (or its individual state counterparts) promulgate standards which...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Cisterns and water purity, rainwater catchment, asphalt shingles
rainwater catchment, asphalt shingles, asphalt roofing: Hi Jeffrey - From what I have been able to determine, asphalt shingles can be used on roofs where the water will be sent to a cistern for drinking, however they are not the roofing material of choice since there is potential for contamination. Below are...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: CODES / GUIDELINES FOR FIRE HOSES, fire hoses, osha 1910
fire hoses, osha 1910, towmotor: OSHA 1910.158 and 1910.159 address fire hoses in industrial settings. Certainly, applicable NFPA Standards need to be addressed also. Effectively all emergency use equipment, whether it be for firefighting, eye rinsing, first aid, or the like needs to...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Confined Spaces (OSHA), osha reg, hazardous atmosphere
osha reg, hazardous atmosphere, bank vault: If the space is desinged for employee occupancy, such as a vault, the space would not be considered a confined space. OSHA defines a CS as a space that meets ALL three (3) of the following: (1) Is large enough and so configured that an employee can bodily...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Construction Safety, upper ladder, radon tester
upper ladder, radon tester, ladder sections: Hi, JT. I couldn t agree more about the value of a nonslip surface. Back in the old days I recall seeing a home inspector using a pair of lowcut rubbed boots over the ladder rails. My own ladder has a platic railcap, good for reducing damage potential, but...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Copier Machine Hazard, industrial lasers, light radiation
industrial lasers, light radiation, laser radiation: Question: Good Morning Mr. Brown Am I at risk if I sit approximately 2 yards away from a copy machine? The manual says there is invisible laser radiation when open - avoid direct exposure to beam. Thank you for your assistance. Answer: First, I am...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Copper Chlroide Exposure, material safety data sheets, safety data sheets
material safety data sheets, safety data sheets, material safety data: Dear John: Just to clarify, I am assuming that you left about a 2 tablespoon solution of magnesium chloride in a beaker and about 2 tablespoons of copper chloride anhydrous in a different beaker. Is that right? (If not, please write again). If the above...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Cross Training, overtime costs, low morale
overtime costs, low morale, true emergency: Question: I am an outside operator at a chemical plant. We have been forced by management to cross train on 3 different outside jobs. One of these jobs is in no way related to the other 2. It was a different unit all together, but they decided to combine...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: calculating the cost of safety, incident frequency, incident rate
incident frequency, incident rate, frequency rate: Subject: Calculating the Cost of Safety Question: How can I calculate what a one point change in frequency rate would mean in terms of dollars? For example, if our incident frequency rate was 4.0 and we managed to get it down to 3.0 for the year, what is...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: carbon monoxide, garage carport, small apartment
garage carport, small apartment, garage roof: Past CO is long gone. Present day CO is highly dependent on the car owner. You should get a CO and smoke alarm if the owner is going to use the garage (available at Lowes/Home Depot, etc). I would ask that they don t run the car in the garage other than...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: cell phone towers, cellular phone towers, cell phone towers
cellular phone towers, cell phone towers, clock radio: From the studies I have seen, it is similar to background exposures in a big city. http://www.cancer.org/docroot/PED/content/PED_1_3X_Cellular_Phone_Towers.asp?sitearea=PED If you want guarented 100% safe, no, but then you would have to turn off EVERYTHING...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: certification H&S, certified industrial hygienist, hazardous materials manager
certified industrial hygienist, hazardous materials manager, certified hazardous materials: The two most recognizable certifications in the USA are the Certified Safety Professional (CSP) and the Certified Industrial Hygienist (CIH). You can do a google search to learn more about these. There are literally dozens more that a lot of different organizations...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: chemical craziness, school science teacher, osha law
school science teacher, osha law, high school science: Answer: Michelle the short answer is – NO! You can find data sheets on just about every item sold in this country including glue sticks, 2 x 4 lumber, motor oil and white-out (I hate to use that example as it dates me). You must have one very large storage...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: chemical mixtures in the environment, liquid chlorine, chlorine gas
liquid chlorine, chlorine gas, chemical mixtures: Robert, It depends upon the conditions: temperature and pressure. I know that chlorine manufacturors use concentrated sulfuric acid to remove the water from chlorine gas. The dried chlorine gas is compressed and cooled to become lqiuid chlorine. However,...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: cleaning transformer, 3 phase transformers, dry type transformers
3 phase transformers, dry type transformers, nfpa 70e: Kerisa, Not knowig where you are located I can not say for sure if you are in violations of safety codes, but I can tell you that if you were in the USA, you would be in violation of 1910.147 (Control of Hazardous Energy). There is NO WAY in hell I would...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: copiers and pregnancy, harmful radiation, many blessings
harmful radiation, many blessings, congratulations on your pregnancy: Hi Amber, I m glad you are thinking of your health and your baby s health during your pregnancy! Good going! Copiers do not emit harmful radiation. It is a light with a little stronger intensity than what you see in a regular lightbulb. Closing the...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: DART Clarification, time cases, safety coordinator
time cases, safety coordinator, little knowledge: Richard - Thank you very much for the clarification of the term DART. Sure would be easier if every one used the same terms so we all were familiar with the various record keeping terms. But, I suppose it could be far worse. You should see some of the...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: DART Rate Calculation, temp service, temporary position
temp service, temporary position, michael brown: If the employee was an employee of your company - part-time, full-time or temporary then the incident must be recorded on your records. IF the employee belongs to a temp service then most likely the injury belongs to them unless your contract and/or agreement...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Dangerous lifting., workplace safety rules, last man standing
workplace safety rules, last man standing, gross stupidity: Subject: Dangerous lifting. Private: no Question: Mike, I have a case for a worker who suffered catastrophic injury at a residential construction project. Five workers attempted to life a 20 ft., 1200 lb., laminated beam into place by raising it manually...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Difference between Long-term effects, two different things, residual effect
two different things, residual effect, residual effects: They can mean the same thing or two different things depending on who defines them (and I have heard several ways). Long term normally means that nothing obvious happens for 10-40 years later (or nothing at all). Exposure to asbestos is an example. Residual...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Disinfectants, moldmildew, bathroom tile
moldmildew, bathroom tile, disinfectants: Sorry not to get back to you sooner, Steve – I missed the first notice of a pending question – I get so much spam that sometimes real messages get lost in the clutter. My area of expertise is point of use drinking water treatment methods, so I do not have...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Dockside Safety, duty clause, cfrs
duty clause, cfrs, ansi standard: Richard, When there is an ANSI Standard, OSHA will often use the General Duty Clause to enforce the ANSI Standard as if it were a regulation. Their logic is that ANSI Standards are accepted industry standards and that employers have a responsibility to...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: digital copying machine, warm summer afternoon, xenon lamp
warm summer afternoon, xenon lamp, xenon lights: Subject: Digital Copying Machine Question: I was operating our copying machine the other day and I made a couple of copies of something rather thick and I was unable to close the top all the way. I glanced down and of course the light was intensely bright...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: drinking fountains, disinfection byproducts, harmful contaminants
disinfection byproducts, harmful contaminants, drinking fountains: It is impossible to give a generic answer that would cover all situations. How safe the water is depends entirely on the site where the water fountain is located. There are three ways the water could become unsafe, however: 1) The drinking fountain...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Effects of burning leaves on the ozone layer, burning leaves, ozone layer
burning leaves, ozone layer, countryhouse: Jesse, The primary problem with burning leaves is the smoke that stays at ground level. It irritates the lungs and causes adverse reactions in people with respiratory problems. It is much better to compose the leaves. Make a big pile of leaves and...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: EMS and OSHA, integrated management system, suzan l jackson
integrated management system, suzan l jackson, ohsas 18001: Dear Doug - Sorry for the delay in responding. There are no ISO standards that address OHS management systems. This has been discussed many times within ISO, and it was agreed that OH&S systems were best left up to each national standards body (these...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Emission factor, ttn chief, epa software
ttn chief, epa software, many other tools: If the emission factors exist they would be in AP-42 http://www.epa.gov/ttn/chief/ap42/ch02/index.html, which is most easily gotten through the EPA software FIRE . The link is http://www.epa.gov/ttn/chief/efpac/abefpac.html. I assume MSW is...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Environmental management system, integrated management system, environmental management system
integrated management system, environmental management system, pg student: The information at my website may be helpful to you in understanding the function and effect of an Environmental Management System: www.iso14001guide.com Good luck - Ms. Suzan Jackson Author of The ISO 14001 Implementation Guide: Creating an...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Extension Ladder Safety, construction safety standards, osha website
construction safety standards, osha website, ladder safety: The basic answer to your question is that the feet have to be placed on a slid surface and used in accordance with the manufacturer s specifications. A reminder also to extend your ladder 3 feet above the working surface and to have the ladder tied off to...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: electric male cord caps, osha construction, wet location
osha construction, wet location, false security: You have caugt me away from my books so its off the cuff with out any aids. I would have to yes, reasoning is it would leave a worker with the false security that it was properly grounded, In the case of working in a wet location it could be harmful to the...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: environmental vs environmental (urgent), necessary additives, surfactant properties
necessary additives, surfactant properties, detergent manufacturers: Hi: In todays market, environmentally friendly really doesn t mean much. I do look at the ingredients, particularly for the phosphates. It was the phosphates that detergent manufacturers first addressed as a possible env concern as they resulted in...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: exposed to lysol expanding foam toilet cleaner in my left nasal passage, lysol ready brush cleaning system, toilet bowl cleaner
lysol ready brush cleaning system, toilet bowl cleaner, lysol ready brush: I can t find that product listed anywhere on the Lysol Web Site list of products. It sounds like the aerosol can that was designed to be sold as part of the Lysol Ready Brush Cleaning System. Does the can mention anything about attaching it to a brush? ...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: extension ladder construction, extension ladder, extension portion
extension ladder, extension portion, extension ladders: I have never seen an extension ladder constructed as you describe. I have seen thousands upon thousands of extension ladders during my 33 year career. Your ladder must be uniquely constructed as you suggest. Because I answered your question honestly, you...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: eyewash station, emergency lighting, exit signs
emergency lighting, exit signs, fight 1: Laurel, You are in new territory and one that has set no precedent; however, I can share with you some basics that may help you in your fight. 1) it is the employers responsibility to protect their employees. 2) you are in what OSHA calls a multi-employer...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: First Aid, federal osha regulations, state osha program
federal osha regulations, state osha program, gauze bandages: Subject: First Aid Question: Does OSHA have any requirements about the distance between First Aid kits location in a factory Answer: No – as with many of the OSHA regulations the standard on the location of first aid kits raises more questions than...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Flam Cabinets and Grounding Requirements, flammable cabinets, aerosol cans
flammable cabinets, aerosol cans, flammable liquids: Felice, As always, it depends upon your local ordinance and fire department. Generally, flammable cabinets are only used for storage of closed containers and don t have to be grounded. However, some locations use a flammable cabinets for dispensing flammable...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Flame Arresters, flame arrestor, flame arresters
flame arrestor, flame arresters, vent line: Keith, The purpose of a flame arrestor is to prevent a flame front from traveling through a flammable gas/air mixture. Typically, it is mounted of the vent line of a tank that contains flammable liquid. The head space contains a flammable gas/air mixture...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Flammable Cabinet Repairs, flammable cabinets, flammable cabinet
flammable cabinets, flammable cabinet, storage cabinets: Dave, I would like to think that as long as you are making good repairs with appropriate materials and you are not changing the fire rating or integrity of the cabinet that OSHA would never look beyond this during an inspection. HOWEVER, youb are dealing...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Frequency & Severity Rate for OSHA, osha audit, ace of spades
osha audit, ace of spades, calculation methodology: Kyle, Your right. OSHA uses statistics that are from your profession and not what is calculated. The OSHA stats factors in places that have no training, folks that have training for specific events and not the industry as a whole. Example: If their is a...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: 1910.1030 re Protective Equipment, bloodborne pathogen, ounce of prevention
Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: 1910.1030 re Protective Equipment, bloodborne pathogen, ounce of prevention, false sense of security

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Auto Paint Shop Hazard to Neighborhood Homes, paint booths, automotive painter
Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Auto Paint Shop Hazard to Neighborhood Homes, paint booths, automotive painter, isocyanates

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Bathroom Sink Drinking Water--Safe at work
Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Bathroom Sink Drinking Water--Safe at work

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Calculating a mod rate, experience modification, good answer
Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Calculating a mod rate, experience modification, good answer, payroll

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Copier Machine Hazard, light radiation, laser radiation
Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Copier Machine Hazard, light radiation, laser radiation, horrible images

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: DART Rate Calculation, dart, temp employee
Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: DART Rate Calculation, dart, temp employee, safety compliance

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: extension ladder construction, vinyl siding, extension ladders
Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: extension ladder construction, vinyl siding, extension ladders, foot extension

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: first aid kit inspection frequency, accounting
Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: first aid kit inspection frequency, accounting

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: galvanized steel fumes, third nipple, zinc oxide
Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: galvanized steel fumes, third nipple, zinc oxide, maximun

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Large Copy Machines, activated charcoal filter, activated charcoal filters
Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Large Copy Machines, activated charcoal filter, activated charcoal filters, multiple chemical sensitivity

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: moth balls, seasonal snack, paint fumes
Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: moth balls, seasonal snack, paint fumes, bread bags

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Prolonged work in Tunnels, ground investigation, toxic chemicals
Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Prolonged work in Tunnels, ground investigation, toxic chemicals

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: rainwater collection, rainwater collection systems
Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: rainwater collection, rainwater collection systems

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: rainwater harvesting combined with a slow sand filter, activated charcoal filter, slow sand filter
Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: rainwater harvesting combined with a slow sand filter, activated charcoal filter, slow sand filter, hydrocarbon pollution

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Spray Can Pressure, greenhouse gas, flammable gas
Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Spray Can Pressure, greenhouse gas, flammable gas, butane

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: sweat bands or do-rags under hard hats, hard hats, sweat bands
Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: sweat bands or do-rags under hard hats, hard hats, sweat bands, bandanas

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: use of lysol aerosol in office, asthma attack, nebulizer
Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: use of lysol aerosol in office, asthma attack, nebulizer, room environment

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Weight Lifting Limits, job listing, forklifts
Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Weight Lifting Limits, job listing, forklifts, correct answer

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: WOSSIT, safety inspection, osha
Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: WOSSIT, safety inspection, osha, dupont

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: well water woes..., well driller, completion report
Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: well water woes..., well driller, completion report, drilling contractor

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: first aid kit inspection frequency, first aid kit, oregon osha
first aid kit, oregon osha, plastic closure: As normal for compliance you will not find a specific requirement such as “weekly” or “monthly”. Most places will be like the state of Oregon and require “First aid supplies must be inspected and replenished as needed.” We kept our first aid supplies sealed...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: first aid supplies, first aid kit, civil liabilities
first aid kit, civil liabilities, prescription meds: Cindy, There are no legal restrictions from a criminal stanpoint; however, MOST companies have stopped providing over the counter med s to employees altogether. This is due to the fact that many times we do not know what type of prescription med s the...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: flesh eating bacteria, flesh eating bacteria, preventative measures
flesh eating bacteria, preventative measures, mouth nose: Hi Patricia, I understand your fear. I have copied and pasted some information that I hope you will find helpful. Please feel free to Google flesh eating bacteria as well for additional information. Most people will not get necrotizing fasciitis. You...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: formadehyde, human bones, safety person
human bones, safety person, sheer luck: Answer: Curtis, There are several components to my answer and what I feel may be possibilities adding to the problem. As a note, I have worked with formaldehyde in the work environment, as it is a component in most of the glues used it the manufacture...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: formadehyde, human bones, safety person
human bones, safety person, msdss: There are simple detector badges that you can wear all day. Suggest that, they can pick up changes. Formaldehyde however, is a chemical that you smell long before it is at a level that is a problem. You do not give the levels found, but suggest that instead...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: fuel oil odor, professional check, fuel leak
professional check, fuel leak, fuel oil: For safety s sake, my first advice is for you to check for a fuel leak, no matter how minor. If you cannot find it, then I would advise to have a professional check it. Then finally, I agree that a filter would be advised. Thank you for the question...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Galvenized welding and health concerns, welding galvanized steel, osha statement
welding galvanized steel, osha statement, metal fume fever: C. Dunn, I think you have found good information about Metal Fume Fever. I don t know what OSHA statement you found, but I would ignore it if it dismissed the hazards of zinc fumes. I don t know any chemical information about Zinc that will help in...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: galvanized cistern, steel roofing, roofing material
steel roofing, roofing material, roofing materials: I am definitely not an expert in rainfall collection systems, Angela, and have not had any first hand experience with them - not enough rain around Denver to bother most of the time. I can provide some answers and guidance, however, to perhaps get you started....

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: galvanized steel fumes, melting point of zinc, zinc oxide
melting point of zinc, zinc oxide, torch welding: Here you go Jamie; if you need more info, just let me know. Bryan In the arc welding or torch welding of galvanized steel, provision must be made for control of welding fumes when planning procedures. Due to the relatively low melting point of zinc...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: germs on money, avian flu, bird flu
avian flu, bird flu, germs: Here is the latest. Simple transfer does not seem possible, similar to HIV. http://www.who.int/csr/disease/avian_influenza/avian_faqs/en/index.html#isthere http://www.cdc.gov/flu/avian/gen-info/avian-flu-humans.htm http://www.cdc.gov/flu/avian/...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Health issues of sharing Hardhats, osha office, personalprotectiveequipment
osha office, personalprotectiveequipment, sltc: I don t think you will find anything specific, but you should call an OSHA office anonymously to confirm this. What it does present are a couple of training things you will have to do. It is required that gloves and hardhats be inspected before each use....

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Hearing conservation program, osha web, industry outreach
osha web, industry outreach, hearing conservation: Jeremy You can always go to the OSHA web and look up written programs to use as a guide. Another place tolook would Safetyinfo.com they have many of the plans ready to adapt to your company. I would suggest you or sommeone from your company attend an...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Help. Can the school force my kids to drink fountain water, harmful contaminants, drinking fountains
harmful contaminants, drinking fountains, other government agencies: Quite a dilemma, Nidia. I am not a lawyer, so I do not know what the teacher can or can’t do legally, but it does not seem reasonable, without knowing the reasoning behind the rule, to require a child to drink unfiltered water against her parent’s wishes -...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Hudson River, maximum contaminant level, uv oxidation
maximum contaminant level, uv oxidation, electric plants: I am afraid I am way over my head on this water issue, Jessica. My expertise is with domestic drinking water problems - typically reducing contaminants that remain after treatment by a water company. I have no experience with problems associated with decontamination...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: hardhats, skytracks, big 3 automakers
skytracks, big 3 automakers, hardhat: I am the most union friendly safety guy around. The answer is only if the hardhat was designed to be worn backwards. Hardhats are designed and tested by the manufacturers to a specific design that is required to meet the ANSI standards. They are tested...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: hazmat transport, drivers schools, southern nv
drivers schools, southern nv, airbrakes: If he doesn t have a CDL (Commercial Drivers License) he should get one and will want a Haz Mat endorsement on it. There are also other endorsements available such as tanker and airbrakes which will make him more attractive particularly to bulk transporters...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: health hazards of copy machine, laser copy, safety section
laser copy, safety section, home depot: Subject: health hazards of copy machine Question: I work 16 hours a week in the home office of an accountant. The job involves a lot of xeroxing - sometimes 2 to 3 hours a day - at a time. My boss just bought a new laser copy machine, a Savin 2518. I sit...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: health and safety in the workplace, andrew civitello jr, jimmie w hinze
andrew civitello jr, jimmie w hinze, online bookstores: George, This question is not answered easily with one or two paragraphs. My recommendations is you read Constructiion Safety by Jimmie W. Hinze and Construction Safety & Loss Control Program Manual by Andrew Civitello, Jr., both of which are available...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: health, nusiance, iron oxide
nusiance, iron oxide, main art: There are generally no harmful effects of drinking water with iron in it (unless you or a member of your family has hemochromatosis). Dissolved iron and iron oxide (rust) are mostly a nusiance causing bad taste, sediment build up, and staining. There are...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: hearing conservation, osha publication, osha regulations
osha publication, osha regulations, hearing conservation: Answer: Short answer – yes and no! Welcome to the wonderful world of government regulations. You are required to check your workplace for noise levels when you know or think that they might exceed allowable limits. When might that be – you must use your...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: heating oil leak, mold mildew, osha office
mold mildew, osha office, spilled oil: Dangerous may be a bit strong to characterize this, but it is something that should be addressed by the employer. Without knowing the size of the leak/spill I would be cautious in saying that their symptoms are being caused by the leak; although some of their...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: help, national safety council, national fire protection
national safety council, national fire protection, national fire protection association nfpa: Answer: You will need to acquire the background and knowledge general to safety and health, and specific to the pharmaceutical industry and the materials used in the processes in your facility. Your fellow workers may be able to help you some, depending...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: help, fireservice, helth
fireservice, helth, workmates: Aura, Stick with the technical aspects, that is what saves lives and that is what being a safety pro is all about. There are plenty of lawyers to fight over the laws and not one of them do anything to improve the safety of workers. I started my career...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: help, national safety council, national fire protection
national safety council, national fire protection, national fire protection association nfpa: Answer: I am confused and believe that I have answered this relating to safety and health. However the same basic answer would apply to security as there are books, manuals, training classes and organizations that deal specifically to industrial security....

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: home heating oil fumes, home heating oil, fuel oil storage
home heating oil, fuel oil storage, state environmental department: The heating oil odors are primarly a nuisance and may not pose a health issue to a healthy individual. Some strong odors may be more irritating to an unhealthy individual, one with respiratory problems. Your land lord is responsible for providing a safe...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Incidence & severity rates, incident statistics, incident rate
incident statistics, incident rate, old joke: Subject: Incidence & severity rates Question: From which columns in the OSHA Form 200 can you get the figures for which to calculate the incidence rate and severity rates? Answer: Welcome to the wonderful world of number games. There is an old joke...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Indoor Air Quality control, particle contamination, air quality control
particle contamination, air quality control, indoor air quality control: Good questions, and good of you to do the research first. 1. The FTC is on the warpath with Alpine over unsubstantiated claims. The general consensus among IAQ professionals seems to be that, as one put it, Ozone is a contaminant. It makes no sense to...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Injured Workers Public Records, oregon trial lawyers, oregon trial lawyers association
oregon trial lawyers, oregon trial lawyers association, trial lawyers association: Subject: Injured Workers Public Records Question: I was wondering if you know how I would get information on past and present injured workers. I recently found out that if you have a BWC claim, it is public record. However, I have no idea on how to find out...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: incident causing environmental damage, sediment control program, environmental agencies
sediment control program, environmental agencies, environmental damage: Krista, I advise you to check with the local EPA and / or other environmental agencies for the area of the incident. The rules change so often, and are different for each area, that I would be hard pressed to be able to give you specific citations. Thank...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: information on robbery statistics..., law enforcement organization, pizza delivery
law enforcement organization, pizza delivery, robbery statistics: I m afraid I can not help with this. You need to check with the local law enforcement organization in each area where you have an establishment. They will know the specific statistics for the areas you are concerned with. If an area has a problem they will...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: inhaling moth ball fumes in the workplace, optical neuritis, moth ball
optical neuritis, moth ball, moth balls: Cindy, Moth balls are composed of naphthalene. The maximum employee exposure is 10 ppm. Accoring to NIOSH, the Exposure Symptoms include irritation eyes; headache, confusion, excitement, malaise (vague feeling of discomfort); nausea, vomiting, abdominal...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: installation of ordinary/regular first aid, osha approved first aid kit, first aid kit
osha approved first aid kit, first aid kit, osha 1910: Question: Can a workplace have a simple(minimum amount of items) first aid kit put in their maintenance shop even if a clinic or infirmary is a block away? If they can, do they have to have a personnel trained in first aid? Pls advise and clarification of...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: integrating standars, environmental management systems, gob mx
environmental management systems, gob mx, information and guidance: Dear Omar - There is an international standard for Environmental Management Systems called ISO 14001. It s similar to ISO 9001, only for environmental management. Like ISO 9001, it is a generic standard for a management system and does not provide detailed...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: iso 14001, suzan l jackson, term iso
suzan l jackson, term iso, amazon: I m not familiar with the term ISO 14001 mentor company . The first things to do when you re getting started on ISO 14001 include reviewing all existing environmental systems to determine what is already in place and conducting an initial review of all...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Labor Law Postings, labor law posters, oregon osha
labor law posters, oregon osha, dirty environments: Question: Hi, Could you please help me out? My Employer doesn t have any of the required Labor Law Posters posted. There should be 4 for state and 5 for federal. Could you please tell me whom I could contact regarding this matter? I live in Illinois....

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Ladder safety regulations, ladder sections, ladder rails
ladder sections, ladder rails, ladder safety: John, Ladder safety is simple yet complex. A very basic instrument to gain elevation yet one that cause numerous injuries as a result of misuse. OSHA has many allowances for items including ladders, scaffold, fall protection, to name a few. During set...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Ladder safety, osha docket, preconcieved notions
osha docket, preconcieved notions, ladder safety: I can appreciate your concerns and I applaud them. I, too, am involved with trying to get OSHA to update their rules, and it is very frustrating. In my case, it is a fall protection harness style that actually works as the rules are written. And like you...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Landfill hazards, garbage landfills, types of landfills
garbage landfills, types of landfills, household hazardous waste: Man that is a loaded question, but I have a personal policy that I will not leave anywhere near any type of landfill - 2.5-3 miles is WAY TOO CLOSE for my comfort. The answer your question as to how far is safe is almost impossible to answer due to the...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Large Copy Machines, best bet, osha
best bet, osha, ventilation: It is not a legal requirement by OSHA or any other agency. Your best bet to find out is to look at the owners manual of the copier or contact the manufacturer and ask them what they recommend. I have never heard of needing any ventilation, other than for...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Lead in Water, local health department, lead in drinking water
local health department, lead in drinking water, small quantities: Debbie, If you need more information go to the EPA web page (EPA - Environmental Protection Agency) at www.epa.gov They have a specific page(s) for lead in drinking water Go to www.epa.gov/safewater type in lead in the search title box look for...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Lifting Hazard, heavy duty trucks, abdominal muscles
heavy duty trucks, abdominal muscles, hand trucks: Answer: To the best of my knowledge there is no regulation that applies to a situation such as this as long as the employer can show they have provided some relief such as mechanical assistance in the form of the lift and hand trucks. Of course that may...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Lights in the office, state osha, occupational safety and health
state osha, occupational safety and health, industrial hygienist: Response: Yes, sufficient light in an office (or production area) is a matter of concern for occupational safety and health. Usually, light is a subject that is dealt with in the field of occupational health by an industrial hygienist. The amount of light...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Lysol, light mist, disinfectant
light mist, disinfectant, germs: This is a question you should ask the manufacturer of the product. I too am a Lysol fan and I personally think that if you sprayed it on the sheets and pillows well before anyone laid there, you should be OK. However, I am assuming that someone in your family...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: ladder safety, foot ladder, ladder safety
foot ladder, ladder safety, safety improvement: The short answer is no. Portable ladders should be set so that for every 4 feet of height, you bring the feet of the ladder out 1 foot. So, for a 12 foot ladder, your ladder feet would be 3 feet away from the structure you are trying to access. Thank you...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: latex allergy, occupational safety health, latex allergy
occupational safety health, latex allergy, latex gloves: Hi LeTitia, Did you discuss with your former employer what your concerns were? If you did, I m shocked that your employer did not accommodate you by obtaining non-latex gloves for everyone s use. It would seem to me, at the very least, you sustained an occupational...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: lifting limitation, weight shape, shape type
weight shape, shape type, initial height: Subject: Lifting Limitation Question: What is the weight limit on how much a person in the workplace can manually lift. What does OSHA recommend, or what does the regulation state, if any? Answer: Short answer – there is not a specific weight that is...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: lifting limits, workmens comp, workman comp
workmens comp, workman comp, workmans comp: Subject: Lifting Limits Question: I have a very heavy job and have been doing for 1.5 years now. I recently had a back injury and the workman comp doctors are just trying to brush me off as having female problems. The weight of the load that I put up...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: literature, workers compensation insurance, maritime operations
workers compensation insurance, maritime operations, railroad operations: Answer: Not knowing the state you are located in or whether you are insured or self-insured, I can answer only in general terms. The book you need the most and need to learn from cover to cover is the book of laws and regulations for your state or states....

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: location, permissible exposure limits, local health department
permissible exposure limits, local health department, diesase: Claudia, Sorry for the delay in getting back to you but I needed to research some codes to answer your question. Ubelievably there are no federal codes/regulations that restrict cooling tower construction within so many feet/yards from a property line....

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: logic and government do not mix well?, fuel economy standards, president jimmy carter
fuel economy standards, president jimmy carter, national wildlife refuge: What he says is largely correct. It is what he doesn t say that is interesting (by he way, note how many SUVs Kennedy s own when they are on the news.. Also, a survey was done of congress on hybrid vehicles. I believe five were owned by Congressman, all...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Michigan well water question, copper pipes, high nitrate
copper pipes, high nitrate, home plumbing: I wish I had some other/better ideas and suggestions, but I think your idea of talking with the well driller would be an excellent idea, particularly since it is a new well - has the water always been green? Testing for contaminants that might cause that color...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: MOD & DART, workers compensation insurance, experience modification
workers compensation insurance, experience modification, better luck: Subject: MOD & DART Question: How can we, a small employer (50 employees more or less) avoid the high DART. My calculations we had 2 recordables, with 5 days of restrictions, 61500 hours. Is there any way to couch the figures or to explain that it is not...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: MSDS sheets, osha msds, north slope
osha msds, north slope, john wolfe: Here is a bit of information for you Vicky OSHA doesn t put out MSDS s OSHA wrote a law 29cfr1910.1200 1989 or so that if you read it that the manufactures of any product thaat is hazardous flammable,Corossive, posionuos or reactive that they must supply...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: material storage in high voltage sub-stations, osha rules, material storage
osha rules, material storage, zoning department: Thanks for the question. I apologize for the delay as I have been out of my office. Yes I think it is hazardous also. I recommend you look up substations in the NEC (Natinal Electric Code) and check with your local electrical zoning department. I also know...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: mold contaminated building..., mold remediation, remediation industry
mold remediation, remediation industry, asbestos training: There are several training firms that are addressing the mold remediation industry. I don t have information on all of them. There s one in Philadelphia - Midatantic Environment Resource Center, one in New Jersey at the National Asbestos and Environmental...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: mold, industrial hygiene association, american industrial hygiene
industrial hygiene association, american industrial hygiene, american industrial hygiene association: Yes, some mold can effect your health in various ways. Regardless, nobody should have mold growing inside their home. Children, elderly and those who are sick are more sensitive/susceptable to illness. Note: If the building materials were not properly...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: moth balls, moth balls, family dollar store
moth balls, family dollar store, candy wrappers: Thank you for the question. While I am not an expert on moth balls, I believe the candy will be safe if it is properly wrapped. The fumes from the moth balls should not be able to penetrate the plastic wrapping found on the candy wrappers. I hoe this helps...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: msds sheets, msds sheet, msds sheets
msds sheet, msds sheets, constituents: Hello, Mike. Sorry it took so long to answer this, but I was on vacation until this morning, when I returned to find 188 emails. To answer your question re quantities of constituents mentioned in MSDS, the answer is that in general you can t. The info...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: New OHSA First Aid Kits requirements, first aid kit, ansi z308
first aid kit, ansi z308, osha standards: BE CAREFUL what you hear and see from suppliers of safety equipment. OSHA has not and will not specify what must be in each forst aid kit, as they feel it is a case-by-case basis as to what should be in the kit. In a letter of interpreation, dated 4/18/2002,...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Noise Regs, bringing down the safety guy, cape cod massachusetts
bringing down the safety guy, cape cod massachusetts, time weighted average: Wow you guys are sticklers up North! I am primarily familiar with OSHA standards here in the US that require hearing protection be offered at 85 Dba and their use enforced at 90 Dba for an 8 hr. time weighted average. I would find it hard to believe that...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: need to ask, communication engineer, detail orientated
communication engineer, detail orientated, effect communication: I do not see where you background/experience in business will help in ergonomics (which is math and science based) except to understand basics of business economics and production. As far as communications engineering it may help in the design and building...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: OSHA Electrical Requirements, wall outlets, electrical requirements
wall outlets, electrical requirements, power outlets: Jeremy, OSHA standard 1910.303 section (f) states that each disconnecting means required by this subpart for motors and appliances shall be legibly marked to indicate its purpose, unless located and arranged so the purpose is evident. Each service, feeder,...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: OSHA Eyewash Requirements for Corrosive Materials, 29 cfr 1910, housekeeping department
29 cfr 1910, housekeeping department, squeeze bottles: Look at 29 CFR 1910.151 and follow it to the Ansi Std My understanding is that your folks need to be able to reach an eyewash station blindfolded.Hope this helps also keep in mind it should flow .04 gallons perminute for 15 minutes Kind of kills the squeeze...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: OSHA and floor striping, osha program directive, osha instruction
osha program directive, osha instruction, 29 cfr 1910: Jeremy, The OSHA std. you were looking for is... 1910.22(b)(1) Where mechanical handling equipment is used, sufficient safe clearances shall be allowed for aisles, at loading docks, through doorways and wherever turns or passage must be made. Aisles and...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: OSHA Hazard Communication Standard, osha hazard communication standard, osha hazard communication
osha hazard communication standard, osha hazard communication, hazard communication standard: Answer: Paul, you and your friend both lose. And by the time you both have complied with the OSHA regulations regarding chemical inventories and MSDS s (Material Safety Data Sheets) you will have a whole new meaning for the word lose and most likely you...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: OSHA Incident rate for a small cell, national safety council, incident rate
national safety council, incident rate, types of biases: Subject: OSHA Incident rate for a small cell Question: Hi Mike Have a small manufacturing cell with 18 people and an incident rate of 0 for the last three years - the company wide is 0.4. If we have even one injury though, our IR shoots up to 4.8 or...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: OSHA inspection procedures/appeals, osha inspection, informal settlement
osha inspection, informal settlement, settlement options: Fred, This does not appear to be the normal or required procedure as an inspector is required to introduce themselves, show the proper identification and only then begin any inspection process (unless in the case of a serious or fatal accident and/or if the...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Osha inspection procedures/appeals, complaint referral, osha inspection
complaint referral, osha inspection, compliance officer: Things are kind of slow so I thought I would just stop by!! That s somewhat new, but not surprising. The answer to your question as you might imagine is not black and white, but more in the grey area. First, some bearing may have to be placed on the state...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: odor in cistern water, water quality tests, moist climate
water quality tests, moist climate, atmospheric pollution: In reply to your responses 1-2: Your filters, I suspect, are whole-house that is, they filter all the water coming from the cistern. The string filter is for sediment only and will have no effect on odors. The charcoal filter will probably have minimal...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: old law in us, new law to australia, adult probation and parole, probation and parole
adult probation and parole, probation and parole, criminal group: Hi cg, I don t know what law you are talking about. Can you send it to me? We did have a Felons law where felons could not hang out together. One felon keeping company with another felon. That law stemmed from AP&P (Adult probation and parole, keeping their...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: osha first aid kits in the dental office, osha approved first aid kit, osha first aid kits
osha approved first aid kit, osha first aid kits, first aid kit: Tina, First let me say congratulations on your new assignment! Secondly let me say, please do not fall for any sales job from anyone trying to sell you an OSHA Approved first aid kit. This is because 1) OSHA never approves anything and 2) they have never...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: osha's stand on sunburn, southern climates, safety company
southern climates, safety company, time questions: Rob, I am not sure where you are going with the loss time questions, since any injury or illness, sunburn included, if attributable to the wokplace would be considered a recordable incident. The other consideration is the actual exposure and connection to...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: osha, workers compensation insurance, osha regulations
workers compensation insurance, osha regulations, lighting company: Subject: OSHA Question: We own our own lighting company. Husband is an electrician. We use a guy part time. My husband does 95% of lift truck work and was not wearing a harness. He does have one for our part time guy to use if he ever does lift work. Are...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Personal Protective Equipment, federal osha regulations, employer employee relationship
federal osha regulations, employer employee relationship, osha rules: Subject: Personal Protective Equipment Question: I am a welder working part time. All full time welders receive new leathers and welding hoods provided to them at no cost by the company. I was told that since I am part time, I have to purchase those at...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Plastic removal, granular activated carbon, environmental contaminants
granular activated carbon, environmental contaminants, pc bottles: In a word, yes. Activated carbon is a recommended treatment for Bisphenol A and other plasticizers. There is considerable debate, however, about the actual risk posed by these chemicals which are used in the manufacture of water bottles and many other plastic...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Plastic wraps, reynolds plastic wrap, saran wrap
reynolds plastic wrap, saran wrap, dawn of time: Go to http://www.plasticsinfo.org/food/index.html http://www.drweil.com/qa_answer/0,3189,1456,00.html Claims like that released in 1999, can be made of just about all things we use. As a chemist, it is real easy to scare people. If you want safe...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: POWER CUT OFF SAWS, face shields, metal flakes
face shields, metal flakes, safety glasses: From your wording of your question, I must assume the saws are used to cut metal. If that is so, I recommend face shields be worn by the operators. The area in which the saws are being used should be barricaded off using yellow or red plastic tape, or other...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Power Plant, potassium iodide, nuclear power plant
potassium iodide, nuclear power plant, time dick: Dan, I m in the identical boat - about ten miles away from the Pilgrim Nuclear Power Plant and directly downwind! In fact most of Cape Cod is in the direct line of fire should there be a plume. Our local officials are going through the same discussions...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: PPE and Shift Change, cnc machine shop, osha rule
cnc machine shop, osha rule, safety glasses: I have no specific OSHA rule for you in mind But under best management pratices I would suggesy that the eye wre be worn as you leave the work space. You have the hazard recognized when you tell me the work is still on-going and the hazard exist. So you must...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Prolonged work in Tunnels, motor vehicle exhaust, ed webb
motor vehicle exhaust, ed webb, john wolfe: Ed Webb You about have it covered with the exception that you employer should be able to provide you with a more indepth understanding as to the hazard you face in your workplace. The employer may wish to bring in an Industrial hygienest to take air samples...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: pesticides used in citrus fields early 60's, expert legal advice, occupational safety and health
expert legal advice, occupational safety and health, abanet: This goes far beyond the fields normal to gereral occupational safety and health. I would suggest you start by getting some expert legal advice. One possible would be the web site for the American Bar Association (http://www.abanet.org/) and selecting from...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: ppe, rotating machinery, exception to the rule
rotating machinery, exception to the rule, sleeve shirts: Yes they should, provided they are not baggy and/or left open at the wrists. Long sleeves provide additional protection from other potential dangers. The exception to the rule is if the manufacturer of the machine recommends against long sleeves, but frankly,...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: My problem is that a company..., michigian, bad publicity
michigian, bad publicity, dot area: Stephen Hesse My experience with this type of a problem allows us to to look at a large overview of several different federal laws. Osha states we must all have Hazcom training within that training were requried to adress just how we dispose of waste materials,...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: procedure to perform accident investigation investigatio, state osha program, excellent starting point
state osha program, excellent starting point, accident investigation: Subject: Procedure to perform accident investigation Question: Can you walk me through the proper procedure on how to conduct an accident investigation in a workplace? I am new to safety but if I will be informed that an accident has occurred. What am...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Q Fever, n95 mask, q fever
n95 mask, q fever, tick bites: Hi Kemper, Firstly, Q fever is bacterial, not viral. It is from the family Rickettsia, more specifically Coxiella burneti. It is most often transmitted through tick bites. Farm workers and those who work in slaughterhouses have a higher risk of this contagion...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Two questions, nuclear power plants, ozone o3
nuclear power plants, ozone o3, nuclear power plant: Hi! I can help you with the first, but am not sure of the second question. Carbon dioxide(CO2) does not contribute to ozone depletion. CO2 is a green house gas which means it helps trap heat, preventing it from radiating into space. This results in a...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Recordable incident rate, tina b, recordable injuries
tina b, recordable injuries, overtime hours: Subject – Recordable Injury Rate Question: I found your answer about what it is. Now I need to know how to create one for employment purposes. I work for a specialty contractor who wants to add a company to his list. But he has to have a RIR before he can....

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: radon, gene p53, cement foundation
gene p53, cement foundation, genetic predisposition: Hello, Dick. Remember the statistician who drowned in a river that s an average of 2 feet deep? Statewide MA is 2.8, the US is 1.3, and regions of MA are well above 4. Averages mean nothing. The EPA guideline ( Action Level ) of 4 picoCuries per liter...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: rainwater collection from asphalt roof, rainwater collection system, petroleum contaminants
rainwater collection system, petroleum contaminants, asphalt shingles: Hello Jan - Rainwater collection seems to be a popular topic. I have had several people ask the same question recently. I checked with several plant scientists, and the answer was that there should not be any problems with vegetables watered with normal...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: rainwater collection, asphalt shingle roof, rainwater collection
asphalt shingle roof, rainwater collection, asphalt roof: Apologies for not replying sooner, Yvonne, I get so much junk mail in a day that sometimes legitimate messages get mixed up in the spam – only to surface when I periodically clean up my inbox. I would not expect there to be a problem watering a garden...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: rainwater harvesting combined with a slow sand filter, asphalt shingle roofs, rainwater harvesting system
asphalt shingle roofs, rainwater harvesting system, slow sand filter: Hi David - The only way to really know for certain about any chemical contribution to your water from the shingles would be to test for petroleum. All of the information I have read indicates that asphalt shingle roofs are not recommended for water catchment...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: recordkeeping, osha recordkeeping, investigation process
osha recordkeeping, investigation process, safety professionals: Subject: Recordkeeping Question: My question is about OSHA recordkeeping. If through our Co. s accident investigation process we can find no witnesses to the accident is it recordable? (The job is very congested with over 400 workers its very hard for...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: requirements for treatment centers, first aid kit, emergency medical equipment
first aid kit, emergency medical equipment, government requirement: Hi Justin, Your question is too broad to answer at this point. Additionally, I would need to know what kind of treatment center it is. If it is a treatment center, I m assuming it is some type of medical facility. A hospital or medical facility should...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: rodon gas, mitigation contractors, fanily
mitigation contractors, fanily, basement floors: Yes 40 is very high. Is the 40 in the living space or basement only? There are ways to reduce the levels, e.g. ventilation, mitigation systems, etc... check with your local health dept. or NYS DOH, Dept. of Energy - they will have some info and a list...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: roof material for use with cistern, rainwater catchment, rainwater collection
rainwater catchment, rainwater collection, roofing material: Apologies for not getting back to you sooner, Ron. I was out of town last week, and my Internet connection has been down most of the time since I returned. It seems to be working well enough today to get this note off to you, though. From what I have...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: SAFETY CERTIFICATIONS, chmm certification, us army corp
chmm certification, us army corp, army corp of engineers: There is an abundance of certifications in the safety field. However nothing replaces solid technical foundation as it applies to this very comprehensive and complex area. The two most prominent,and in my opinion important certifications are the CSP,certified...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Safe environment for daycare workers, bloodbourne pathogens, first aid kit
bloodbourne pathogens, first aid kit, protective gloves: Regarding the inquiry relating to protective gloves for day care workers OSHA s Bloodbourne pathogens std applies. Gloves selected for use must withstand the service need and not fail in use. Employers are required to select the appropriate glove which will...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Sensors for Industrial Measurements, laser sensing technology, sampling instrumentation
laser sensing technology, sampling instrumentation, industrial measurements: Richard, We use a wide variety of sampling instrumentation in our professional practice. The greatest frustration is reliability especially relating to sensor decay, self life, battery life , on the shelf self maintenance ( pick it up and go in an emergency...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Slip & fall accident, proper medical treatment, worker comp
proper medical treatment, worker comp, slip and fall: Subject: Slip & fall accident Question: I was wondering if you might be able to give me some pointers on how to resolve an issue I m having with my employer. Just over two months ago I fell off of forklift that was still properly mounted on the rear of...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Soft Water System, calcium magnesium, softened water
calcium magnesium, softened water, soft water: Hard water, as you may already know, does not pose a health risk, but depending on the level of hardness it’s rather a nuisance because of mineral buildup in pipes and on surfaces, reduced effectiveness of soap, spotting/staining, potential reduced efficiency...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Specification of PPE, al furat, procurement engineer
al furat, procurement engineer, damascus syria: Al I would sugest ANSI as a standard I spent 18 mos in Russia on oil related work and wrote into the bid Documents that they must meet ANSI American National Standards of Inspection. As to templetes, No, But I would suggest you consider the use of Job Safety...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Spray Can Pressure, propane butane, aerosol cans
propane butane, aerosol cans, atmosphere pressure: Ed, It depends upon the identity of the propellant. Many aerosol cans use a propane/butane mixture as the propellant. This flammable hydrocarbon mixture is added as a liquid under pressure. A pressurized liquid has about the same pressure every time,...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Stagnant water in sprinkler system, human sewage, preschool classrooms
human sewage, preschool classrooms, roof leak: There is no comparison between the two waters. Sewage is heavily loaded with bacteria with very specific types that can harm people. Your sprinkler system, if it has bacteria, it will be more like would be found where a wall in a house has had the roof leak...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Strain Syndrom, shoulder strain, repetitive motion
shoulder strain, repetitive motion, computer mouse: I have not heard of Strain Syndrone. However, people who use computer daily sometimes suffer from Repetitive Motion Trauma to their wrists. Actually, any person who performs a repetitive motion often enough and frequently enough can suffer from RMT. Basically,...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: safety issues, 55 gallon drums, osha office
55 gallon drums, osha office, climate control: Sam, First things first...go to www.OSHA.gov and find your local OSHA office and contact them regarding your employers behavior regarding the threats to fire workers if they allow a regualtory agency upstairs to see the chemicals. This behavior tells me...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: How sanitary is the mop?, mop head, housekeeping services
mop head, housekeeping services, cross contamination: Hi Francyn, I certainly appreciate your concerns! But, I think I have an easy solution for you. Simply ask your housekeeper to change out the mop head when he/she comes to clean your house. You can also ask that they put a clean bag in the vacuum if they...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: sick at work, material safety data, material safety data sheet
material safety data, material safety data sheet, safety data sheet: Shauna, That is a loaded questions; in that it all depends on what they are using to strip the floors with and if the floors contain any asbestos. You need to ask the workers to see a Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) for the material they are using to...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: back support belts, stacking firewood, pipe fitter
stacking firewood, pipe fitter, personal protective equipment: Subject: back support belt Question: I work at Home Depot and am required to wear a back support belt 8 hours a day...in the last few years I have developed some back, hip and leg problems. I am wondering if there has been any research or studies done on...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: sweat bands or do-rags under hard hats, osha regulations, hard hats
osha regulations, hard hats, sweat bands: Janie, It would probably be considered a technical violation of the OSHA regulations. This means that it would not be cited by an inspector because the worker is safer with the bandana keeping sweat out of their eyes. Hard Hats are designed to be worn...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Toxic landfill, toxic organic compounds, water fountains
toxic organic compounds, water fountains, heavy metals: You have asked questions, that without much more detail and research, I can not answer. From your posting, I would guess the state or EPA is involved. Those are good sources to go to for information, since they will have data I could only guess about. I...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Toxic mold, mark briggs, air sampling
mark briggs, air sampling, industrial hygiene: Mr. Ganzer, I m sorry, but I know little about molds. I would suggest that you contact someone with considerable experience in dealing specifically with molds, and who has completed comprehensive air sampling for molds and toxins. Your best bet would likely...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Trailers, reefer trailers, prcs
reefer trailers, prcs, reefer trailer: First I would not say there is nothing to worry about, but this would not meet the definition of a CS or a PRCS for the following reasons. A space must meet ALL three of the following characteristics: 1) limited means of egress, 2) large enough and so configured...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Training, chemical business, business job
chemical business, business job, specific training: OSHA has many annual training requirements that must be looked at yearly for sure if your in the chemical business as well as in most general industry types of business. Job specific training may not have any required direct training unless there has been...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: tritium gas, ernest orlando lawrence, ernest orlando lawrence berkeley national laboratory
ernest orlando lawrence, ernest orlando lawrence berkeley national laboratory, lawrence berkeley national laboratory: Dear Dr. Eran Eilat: First, my occupational health and safety experience has been from the standard-setting side, not the lawsuit/litigation side, so I am personally unaware of lawsuits from employees exposed to tritium gas, though there certainly may have...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Unsanitary health-care conditions, local health department, osha office
local health department, osha office, better business bureau: Brittney, By all means you should contact your local health department and notify them of this office! I would also notify your local OSHA office as well. OSHA may or may not do anything, but this office is under their jurisdiction, it just depends on...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: use of galvanized materials, harmful contaminants, galvanized materials
harmful contaminants, galvanized materials, cheese cloth: Interesting question, Clifford, and as you point out, the query is not exactly in my area of expertise. Sorry it took so long to reply, but it took awhile to figure out how to reply. I will provide some ideas based on my related knowledge and some references...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: use of lysol aerosol in office, bathroom odors, safety officer
bathroom odors, safety officer, aerosol: Peggy Jo, There really isn t a criteria that makes a product OSHA compliant. Even if there was, it would not protect a person who is highly allergic to a product. You took the correct action to protect the employee after you learned of the problem. I...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Water catchment /wood heat, activated carbon filters, water treatment companies
activated carbon filters, water treatment companies, gal tanks: Most of my experience is in treatment of municipal water, but the same general principals apply to treating water from any source. Activated carbon is the recommended treatment for reducing organic contaminants which cause taste and odor problems. It is...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Water mister at work, water misters, antibiotics for pneumonia
water misters, antibiotics for pneumonia, sister cindy: Dear Ralphine, I m sorry your sister is ill and I hope she is better soon. First, let me say that I am not a medical doctor and this is not offered as medical advice. From what you have described, it seems to me that it is unlikely your sister s health...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Water supplier issue, potable water supply, bureau of reclamation
potable water supply, bureau of reclamation, osha regulations: Hi Steven - Sorry for the delay in getting back to you, I get so much junk mail every day that occasionally important messages get buried for a time. My expertise is with various water treatment methods rather than with contract issues or logistics of...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Weight Lifting Limits, national institute for occupational safety, occupational safety and health
national institute for occupational safety, occupational safety and health, industrial eng: Subject: Weight Lifting Limits Question: What is the current weight allowed to be lifted by one person without machinery, just muscle? Answer: I know you would like a specific number of pounds as the answer. However, that does not exist for most situations....

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Welding Galvanized steel, welding galvanized steel, certified industrial hygienist
welding galvanized steel, certified industrial hygienist, proper ventilation: Subject: Welding Galvanized steel Question: What are some of the risks and symptoms associated with welding on galvanized steel without a respirator and proper ventilation? My fiancée was welding for about six months, welding on galvanized off and on and...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Whales mercury, fossil fuel emissions, mercury sources
fossil fuel emissions, mercury sources, mercury amalgams: For such arguments, just stick with provide me a copy of the refereed scientific journal reference. If they can t or will not, call there argument at best conjecture. I would have no doubt that someone suggested this on some website. Anytime fertility...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: WORK AS A ROOFER WITH HOT..., vero beach florida, osha law
vero beach florida, osha law, roofing work: Tim; Sorry for the delay in responding. Was called out of the country on business on short notice. Florida is a federal regulated state as far as OSHA goes. You need to call the area office in Tampa and make notice of your concerns if the emplyer has...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: WOSSIT, tillamook oregon, wind storm
tillamook oregon, wind storm, michael brown: First - I am very sorry for the delay. We had a wind storm here in Tillamook, Oregon. I have been without power and internet service until this morning. Now for the question - I do not recognize the term WOSSIT and can not find a reference to it on the...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: waste, environmental management systems, environmental management system
environmental management systems, environmental management system, michigian: Dear Mr. Hessef: My area of specialty is environmental management systems, not regulatory issues; however, I can make a few suggestions from a management point of view. You don t mention whether this company you do business with is a customer or a supplier...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: waste, bad publicity, pr person
bad publicity, pr person, professional manner: First I like to comment that chances are you probably won t be brought into the spot lights. How you proceed now is really based on the relationship between your company and the suspected firm - are they your vendor or you their vendor. If they are a...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: water in a paper cup, biology class, www physics
biology class, www physics, paper doesn: This is one of the demonstrations that dramatically illustrates some of the unique characteristics of water that make life (as we know it) possible on earth. Your teacher has probably also described the other characteristics discussed in this link. http://waterontheweb.org/curricula/bs/student/water/unique.html...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: water purity in our school, water quality guidelines, state water quality
water quality guidelines, state water quality, water purity: Hello Jonathan - I hope your project is not due tomorrow, because the excellent questions you have asked will take some research and thought to answer properly. I can provide you with a number of references and general information that you will need to...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: water, inorganic minerals, rotten eggs
inorganic minerals, rotten eggs, sodium chloride: Hi Dawn - You might want to take a look at the web site I maintain to provide information about drinking water to get a more complete picture of the issue. http://www.cyber-nook.com/water/ Unfortunately it is impossible to diagnose a water problem with...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: well water woes..., water woes, deline
water woes, deline, water specialist: Hi Mike - Sorry it took a while to reply, but I never received (or saw) a previous message indicating that I had a question waiting. I am not a lawyer, and my expertise is in treating municipal water, which is a whole different ball game than the problems...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: What is...., motor vehicle safety, program element
motor vehicle safety, program element, radiation safety: Question: Could you tell me what the program is....a mean the hse program...is it what enables you as a safety director carry on all aspects of safety in the workplace? thank you Answer: First I’m not sure I understand the question so my response...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: What is...., safety culture, safety activities
safety culture, safety activities, safety in the workplace: Thank you for the question. This is a very long topic, but I will try to give you an abbreviated answer. A quality safety program is a safety culture that starts with the top management and works it s way down the chain of command. A written program is a...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: zero risk workplace, zero risk, qustion
zero risk, qustion, safety efforts: Thank you for the question. The short answer is yes. The path to get to that is long and tortureous, for some companies. It begins with the safety attitude at the very top, that safety is a core value of the comany. Upper management MUST set the example....

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: zero risk workplace, occupational health and safety, zero risk
occupational health and safety, zero risk, qustion: Ronnie, I ll have to figure something out to get my listing changed. I keep getting Occupational Health and Safety questions, but I am an asbestos expert which is a very small niche in the OSHA world. I do have background in safety training and I think...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: zero risk workplace, meteor impacts, honest politicians
meteor impacts, honest politicians, zero risk: Subject: Zero Risk Workplace Question: I m an occupational health an safety student and my question is do you think that a zero-risk workplace is attainable? Answer: Ronnie - Absolutely Not! (Unless you remove humans and all human influences!) What...

Oceanography: I have about 20 questions on the humpback whales?, humpback whales, humpback whale
humpback whales, humpback whale, harmful parasites: I can answer some of your questions, but not all of them. The area of Oceanography actually has NOTHING to do with the ANIMALS themselves, other than how they affect the water and vice versa. The person to talk to about the animals would be a Marine Biologist....

Oceanography: Oceanography, thermohaline currents, homogenic
thermohaline currents, homogenic, world ocean: The time it takes for the whole ocean to mix itself by the forces of the thermohaline currents (gulf stream etc.) is about 1000yrs depending upon the numbers used in calculations and the error values, not quite the millions of years you were expecting. Although...

Oceanography: Question on Oceanography, abyssal plain, valley glaciers
abyssal plain, valley glaciers, abyssal hill: This seems like a homework question. try looking them up on the internet, using a bit of common sense, for example question 1, it is not a slope as that is a slow change in height, nor is it a plane as that is flat, a hill woud imply something going up,...

Oceanography: Sea Anenomie, sea anenomie, blue damsels
sea anenomie, blue damsels, coral fish: Given the right nutrients and environment yes the anenome should regrow its tentacles. Before you do a water change it is worth checking the nutrient content and other chemicals in there too see if there is a problem there. I am not an expert on keeping fish...

Oceanography: submersibles, manned submersibles, extreme pressure
manned submersibles, extreme pressure, rov: lots has been happening in the world of ROV s (remotely operated vehicles) that i can see at university. not only are they becoming better, more versatile, able to collect more data and recently a submersible called autoSUB (worth looking up) has been surveying...

Oceanography: zooplankton, types of fish, deep ocean
types of fish, deep ocean, wgbh: I can help a lot with Zooplankton as i have studied it quite a lot, spook fish (comes up with 2 types of fish, barell eye fish and chimeras) i have never heard of but could find out just ask me and as for deep sea websites this one i found is pretty good :...

Oceanography: Big Great White Shark vs Big Killer Whale, shark, orca
shark, orca, whale: Both great white sharks and killer whales both attack seals, with great white sharks also often attacking creatures and objects greater than themselves. The great white shark is found in warm waters, with large numbers being spotted off the south coast...

Oceanography: Big Great White Shark vs Big Killer Whale, killer whale, great white shark
Oceanography: Big Great White Shark vs Big Killer Whale, killer whale, great white shark, marine mammals

Oceanography: Hourglass Dolphin, extreme weather conditions, hourglass dolphin
extreme weather conditions, hourglass dolphin, extremeties: These dolphins are not very well documented but as far as I am aware, their anatomy focusses on the fact that they are very small (in terms of dolphins) and stout, keeping the heat concentrated within their thick midriff area. They have a lot of blubber underneath...

Oceanography: hydrobiology, light intensity, algal blooms
light intensity, algal blooms, water molecules: Hi, different water has different properties which affect light intensity. High mineral concentrations and algal blooms are the two factors that will affect light intensity the most. The highest light intensity will be at the very surface of dirty water...

Oceanography: Maco & Blue sharks eating Swordfish, shortfin mako shark, maco shark
shortfin mako shark, maco shark, water sharks: The shortfin mako shark is one of the rare sea creatures big enough and fast enough to chase down and kill an adult swordfish, but they don t always win. Sometimes in the struggle with a shark a swordfish can kill it by ramming it in the gills or belly. ...

Oceanography: POLAR BEARS!, arctic sea ice, national wildlife federation
arctic sea ice, national wildlife federation, polar bears habitat: Hi, the polar regions of our planet, the North and South poles are covered with large amounts of ice. They are called the polar ice caps. The ice in Antarctica is attached to land underneath, whereas the ice at the North pole is floating, with nothing...

Oceanography: Question about aquatic life, zebra mussels, filter feeders
zebra mussels, filter feeders, naegleria species: Hi, Naegleria fowleri normally lives in soil or relatively warm water, they have even been found in hot springs, whereas Zebra mussels are native to Russia, which is drastically less warm. Trying to find a happy medium of water temperature would be very...

Oceanography: OCEANS/SALT, whale, dolphins
Oceanography: OCEANS/SALT, whale, dolphins, oceans

Oceanography: OCEANS/SALT, arctic oceans, boiling point of water
arctic oceans, boiling point of water, earth scientists: All water, even rain water, contains dissolved chemicals which scientists call salts. But not all water tastes salty. Water is fresh or salty according to individual judgment, and in making this decision man is more convinced by his sense of taste than by...

Oceanography: Antarctica, whale sanctuary, whaling industry
whale sanctuary, whaling industry, law enforcers: hello, a sanctuary is a part of the ocean where the whales or any animals are left free and undisturbed. these sanctuaries are protected by law and violators are arrested. in the prohibitions, it may include no trespassing or even swimming inside the sanctuary...

Oceanography: coral reefs, coral reefs, calcium carbonate
coral reefs, calcium carbonate, waves crash: 1. Coral reefs are actually the skeleton of the coral animals or cnidarians. They are made of calcium carbonate.If you look into a piece of a dead coral in the beach, you ll find holes in it. These holes, known as polyps, used to have microscopic animals that...

Oceanography: holes in the front of shells
Oceanography: holes in the front of shells

Oceanography: holes in the front of shells, little hole, mollusks
little hole, mollusks, shells: hello, mollusks and gastropods usually shed its shells from time to time. this is because they grow larger that their shells. the holes could be the animal s exit to look for another shell to live in. i think that part of the shell is the softest part...

Oceanography: Aquaculture, abalones, feasibility study
abalones, feasibility study, mangrove areas: hello, 1) What are the steps taken to manage and produce aquaculture? First, you have to have a feasibility study on what type of aquaculture you like to venture into: fishponds, tanks, openwater (freshwater or marine). Also what are the species you d...

Oceanography: Bioluminesence, marine predators, bioluminescence
marine predators, bioluminescence, seawater: if you try to disturb the seawater at night, you can actually see something twinkling: those are planktonic animals with bioluminescence. only a few large marine predators have this ability and a great white is not part of it. if it is daytime and the water...

Oceanography: Blue Whales, baby whale, blue whale
baby whale, blue whale, blue whales: hello, an adult blue whale weighs about 172 metric tonnes (190 short tons)or more in weight, and as far as i know, a baby whale is a third of its mother s size but i don t know how much it can weigh... they are indeed the biggest animal on earth.....

Oceanography: bodies of water, brown rocks, river bottoms
brown rocks, river bottoms, freshwaters: hello, the color is based on the amount of sunlight it absorbs. the deeper part of the ocean is deep blue in color because it absorbs that amount of color. freshwaters like river and lakes based their color in their substrates of river bottoms. it the...

Oceanography: What are the great barrier reef's unique landform features?, parents
Oceanography: What are the great barrier reef's unique landform features?, parents

Oceanography: What are the great barrier reef's unique landform features?, great barrier reef, coral reefs
great barrier reef, coral reefs, coral reef: hello, the extent of its coral reef alone is already a unique feature of the island. the islands within the reef are dead coral reefs (known as coralline rock islands) that was exposed during the melting of the ice age. it is now a focus of the climate...

Oceanography: Marine Biology question, becoming a marine biologist, marine biology courses
becoming a marine biologist, marine biology courses, marine botany: hello again, marine biology is just a branch of biology while environmental science covers all the courses you mentioned... you can take biology course and just specialize in marine biology if you can or just take environmental science. living away...

Oceanography: "Pure" water?, microscopic organisms, trace minerals
microscopic organisms, trace minerals, chemical engineer: hello, according to my cousin, who is a chemical engineer, a purified water contains the least amount of other trace elements. He said that Wilkins purified water is one of them. in fact, he said that some laboratories, particularly in school, use wilkins...

Oceanography: Question, domestic wastes, skin diseases
domestic wastes, skin diseases, water pollution: hello, water pollution definitely causes a lot of diseases. it can cause skin diseases like itchiness and rashes. i had an assessment of a nearby beach, where domestic wastes are pretty much everywhere, and i felt itchy and sticky for a day. i remember...

Oceanography: question, pesticide containers, devil and the angel
pesticide containers, devil and the angel, household hazardous waste: hello, good question. Municipal solid waste (msw) is human s greatest contribution to water pollution. There are five broad categories of MSW: 1. Biodegradable waste: food and kitchen waste, green waste, paper (can also be recycled). 2. Recyclable...

Oceanography: Sponges!, animal diversity, arms and legs
animal diversity, arms and legs, porifera: hello, they are one of the most primitive and simplest animals on earth that s why they don t move and have no arms and legs... their skeleton, which is the one we usually see and touch is anchored through what we call basal lamina. these are fibrous...

Oceanography: Marine biology, coastal resource management, marine biologist
coastal resource management, marine biologist, marine biology: hello, what your friend said about the math is true. I ve also done algebra, physics, trigonometry, statistics and all college math but i only use a handful of it. math comes when you are researching something new and needs to present a solid fact....

Oceanography: sea turtles, sea turtles, small fishes
sea turtles, small fishes, jellyfish: hello, i m not quite sure what you mean but if you want to know more about the threats of sea turtles, it is pollution and humans. sea turtles usually eat jellyfish, seaweed or small fishes. they sometimes accidentally eat floating plastics as jellyfish...

Oceanography: water pollution, cause of water pollution, tree seedling
cause of water pollution, tree seedling, mature fish: 1. What had happen and who is affected by water pollution ? human activity is the main cause of water pollution. Nature as a whole is greatly affected by this to the extent that she could not sustain that much as before. 2. Is the water conservation something...

Oceanography: The "Galano" shark of Cuba, lemon shark, lemon fish
Oceanography: The "Galano" shark of Cuba, lemon shark, lemon fish, shovel

Oceanography: The "Galano" shark of Cuba, reading hemingway, lemon shark
reading hemingway, lemon shark, guitarfish: hello, when it comes to local names, i prefer not to rely on them when it comes to identifying the species. Galano shark MAY be all of them, depending on the place. Locals usually name these animals through its shadow or because others call it that name....

Oceanography: RE: Marine Biology career, marine biology course, biology career
marine biology course, biology career, oxford college: hello sam, we re PADI buddies! hats off for your efforts in protecting our oceans from overfishing... i think your plan is practical and budget-friendly since it s an online course. online courses suits fine with students who are initiative and independent....

Oceanography: fish, dolphins and whales, fish scales
dolphins and whales, fish scales, hello fish: hello, fish scales are their skin . they are made that way to have less friction with the current and so they can swim smoothly. it also protects their body from infection and parasites.. sharks have scales. they are triangular in shape, a saw-like...

Oceanography: sharks, reef sharks, swimming with sharks
reef sharks, swimming with sharks, shark species: hello, shark attacks usually depends if you are in their territory or if they are provoked or intimidated. also, it depends on which shark species you are referring to. sharks like the tigers and great whites usually attack if they think what they see is...

Oceanography: Coral identification, coral fragments, coral colonies
coral fragments, coral colonies, coral identification: Thanks Dawn From this additional information I would say that these are almost certainly coral fragments, probably from the Indo-Pacific region based upon the original collector s military service and the size of the darker pieces. Corals grow in layers,...

Oceanography: Marine Biology, marine biologist jobs, ocean habitats
marine biologist jobs, ocean habitats, manned submersibles: Sure. To me, the most helpful thing would be to try to work through the United Nations to get each member countries to set aside a fair-sized portion of their marine environment as a strict research zone where no fishing, recreational scuba diving, dumping,...

Oceanography: crustaceans, marine biology class, geophysical forces
marine biology class, geophysical forces, coastal ecosystems: Hi It is difficult to summarize how any particular group of animals has (individually) affected the biosphere, because the term biosphere includes all life on the planet and the geophysical forces that shape the environment and support all life. I...

Oceanography: Fishing, destruction of coral reefs, zero population growth
destruction of coral reefs, zero population growth, ecosystem decline: Hi Nick It may surprise you, but I believe this one actually quite easy to mount a credible debate against the hypothesis that The best way to save (endangered oceanic ecosystems) is to create very large international no fishing zones . The idea that...

Oceanography: High School Education, marine biology program, marine biologists
marine biology program, marine biologists, high school education: Hi Briana While still in high school, it would be best to concentrate on those classes that will give you the best shot at getting into a college with a good marine biology program. There are a number of such schools with undergraduate programs in marine...

Oceanography: my idea for my science project, exsist, science project
exsist, science project, spines: Tim Such a device does not exist. However, I do not think it would be possible to actually create such an instrument. You could possibly design a laser-based instrument that could tell you the size of a fish, and use a built-in computer program to...

Oceanography: oceans, international hydrographic organization, five oceans
international hydrographic organization, five oceans, southern portions: Hi Phil There are five internationally recognized divisions of the Earth s ocean, which in reality is a single interconnected body of water. Thus, most people would say there are actually five oceans. They are the Pacific, Arctic, Indian, Atlantic,...

Oceanography: BEACHING (STRANDING) OF WHALES, whale behaviour, marine mammals
whale behaviour, marine mammals, concrete research: hello, though experts have ruled so many theories about strandings, another theory would be the chemical content of the ocean due to water pollution or simply being lost... as long as there are no concrete research on whale behaviour, we ll never know...

Oceanography: Interview for College Research Paper, balanced ecosystem, marine biologist
balanced ecosystem, marine biologist, reef shark: 1. Do you think people should fear shark attacks while at the ocean? - not really. but be cautious if you are in a shark-infested area.. ask around what shark species are present and if there are any known attacks then ask local experts on how to avoid...

Oceanography: Marine Pollution, marine pollution, animal group
marine pollution, animal group, marine animals: 1. we invade the marine environment as if it is solely ours (reclamation of shorelines and converting it into subdivisions and housing projects) 2. we dump most of our waste in the sea (toxic waster from sewage and from big factories) 3. individually, to...

Oceanography: melting of ice, greenhouse gases, carbon emissions
greenhouse gases, carbon emissions, culprits: the heat from the greenhouse gases... these gases traps the heat, instead of expelling heat to space, they bounce back to Earth thus making the planet hotter.. carbon emissions also contribute a lot in the increasing temperature which effects the melting of...

Oceanography: I WANNA KNOW, warm climate, pacific ocean
warm climate, pacific ocean, marine parks: hello, yes he can...aquariums, oceanariums and marine parks are examples of these living, breathing, thriving ocean-like environment with marine life.. however, if you mean the real one, that is as big as the Pacific Ocean and is self-sustaining, the...

Oceanography: Whaling, slow painful death, commercial whaling
slow painful death, commercial whaling, whale meat: hello, like you, i am an animal lover at heart and seeing bloody whaling scenes infuriates me. there maybe are some legal basis why president obama is considering the lift but i hope it would remain that way. his goal of reducing the whaling is not the...

Oceanography: unknown fish/creature, faro portugal, type of mollusk
faro portugal, type of mollusk, sea hare: Hi Louise What you saw appears to be a type of mollusk known popularly known as a sea hare . The actual species name is Aplysia fasciata. Most of these animals live on or near the bottom of the sea, but they are also occasionally observed (as you did)...

Oceanography: Cowrie shells on beaches, cowrie shells, ecological reasons
cowrie shells, ecological reasons, offshore environment: Most likely you are correct in your assumption regarding where you do, or do not, find these shells. Beaches are generally composed mainly of similar size/weight fragments because of typical prevailing wave action, which does the sorting. However,...

Oceanography: What is this that I found in the Ocean?, vertebrate biologist, bone fragment
vertebrate biologist, bone fragment, tinypic: I am afraid I really can t tell what that is from the photos. It looks to me (from the photos) to be of biological origin and perhaps fossilized, but badly worn down by time and abrasion of waves and sand. Perhaps it is a a bone fragment, but what bone or...

Oceanography: nantucket, nantucket island, bait and tackle
nantucket island, bait and tackle, tackle shops: Hi Jeff I am not much of a fisherman, and only locals provide reliable advice on what and how to catch in any particular area. My advice would be to visit a few local bait and tackle shops and ask the counter person. They will likely have far more useful...

Oceanography: rip tides, rip tides, small waves
rip tides, small waves, county beaches: Hi Joyce Considering our conversation it total, my best advice to you would be to confine your ocean swimming to beaches that have lifeguards on duty in towers , which most popular state and county beaches have. Throughout the USA, these lifeguards...

Oceanography: rip tides, longshore currents, rip tides
longshore currents, rip tides, rip tide: Joyce I know how scary it is. But I also know I did a few things wrong. For one, I went out alone (who knew about the buddy system in 1959?). Second (and worst) mistake, I did not take the time to carefully study the wave patterns on that day BEFORE...

Oceanography: Can I become a marine Biologist, marine biologist, physics courses
marine biologist, physics courses, professional answer: Katie If its Vancouver you want, then UBC is your best bet. The Department of Zoology at the University of British Columbia has a broad array of research programs in marine, aquatic, and fisheries biology. These research areas are strengthened by our...

Oceanography: Cant identify a fish caught in Cape Cod, Ma, juvenile fishes, vertical stripes
juvenile fishes, vertical stripes, baby shark: Hi Mike What you have there is a young (juvenile) species of Ecehneis, most likely the live sharksucker (Echeneis naucrates)although not possible to be sure from photo alone. Many juvenile fishes take on different colors as adults. These commonly drift...

Oceanography: Sea monsters, book of sea monsters, google
book of sea monsters, google, amazon: Hi Amber I have not had much better luck than you in finding the resource you seek. The most promising thing I found is a book called Book of Sea Monsters by Bob Eggleton. You can find it on Amazon.com It looks to be the closest to what I think...

Oceanography: Sea Shell Identification, sea shell, midday
sea shell, midday, shells: Hi Carol Wish I could help but from the photo I can t see that much. Perhaps if you could take a close up photo under natural light I could help. The very light color of the object reflects so much light that detail is obscured. Suggest you shoot around...

Oceanography: Species name?, correct species name, scorpion fish
correct species name, scorpion fish, homework question: The answer is - both are correct. I believe the fish you are asking about is the lionfish. Check the article with photos I wrote at this address: http://www.associatedcontent.com/article/5951168/the_great_caribbean_lionfish_invasion.html The lionfish...

Oceanography: How do I start???, work colleges, geological oceanographer
work colleges, geological oceanographer, federal laboratories: Hi Faith You would need to find a place in your area where some professional oceanographers work - colleges, museums, state or federal laboratories, etc. Then, make an appointment to meet with them if they are willing and have an interview - explain what...

Oceanography: Chemical biological adaptation in ocean rifts, science fiction writer, sci fi novel
science fiction writer, sci fi novel, biological adaptation: Hi First, good luck with your sci-fi novel - I am a long-time fan of the genre. As to your question, the answer is not simple, but for your purposes I think it would be enough to base your hypothetical creatures on the assumption that they are speciaized...

Oceanography: cuban ichthyologists, fish systematics, fish biologist
fish systematics, fish biologist, caribbean fish: Hi Bill You must have graduated the same semester that I arrived at UCSB. As for the Cuban question, I never got the chance to work there, so I know virtually nothing about the system. A friend and colleague you might want to contact who I believe would...

Oceanography: Diodon and Darwin, digestive juices, diodon
digestive juices, diodon, fish story: I totally agree - sounds like old Forres was smoking something strange. The mouth of Diodon is adapted to capturing and crushing small invertebrates and such - not for slicing or tearing through stomach tissues, muscles, and/or sharkskin. Even if it...

Oceanography: Marine bio colleges/labs, coral reefs, coral reef
coral reefs, coral reef, marine biology: Hi Talon Sounds like you know what you want to do. I know of several good marine biology undergrad programs in the southeastern US. In Florida, you should check out Nova University (near Miami) and Florida Tech (Melbourne). In South Carolina, a very...

Oceanography: Biological oceanographer, biological oceanographers, biological oceanography
biological oceanographers, biological oceanography, ecosystem function: Since you seem to like working outdoors and ecology, I would recommend that you pursue a degree in Maine Biology. Biological oceanographers are usually focused on the physical and chemical processes of the ocean that make it a suitable place for life, whereas...

Oceanography: Movement of sea water, water molecules, utter nonsense
water molecules, utter nonsense, legs and feet: Hi David Re: if they jumped out of a helicopter into the ocean, higher than 15 feet up, they would hit the top of the ocean like it was made of steel. You would shatter your legs and feet upon impact. Utter nonsense if the helicopter was merely hovering....

Oceanography: Starry Flounder Air pocket, reef tank, fish diseases
reef tank, fish diseases, best guess: Hi Cheryl I am not an expert on aquarium issues or fish diseases. However, an excellent resource on such information can be found at the web site of The Reef Tank, which has a very large membership and many helpful people who can likely provide you with...

Oceanography: Biology and Oceanography Degree, oceanography degree, graduate degree program
oceanography degree, graduate degree program, biological oceanography: Hi Natasha I don t think the program you describe is too narrow at all - you could pursue any of a number of careers in the broad areas of marine biology or biological oceanography, or pursue a graduate degree program in other areas of biology or oceanography...

Oceanography: cuban reef fish, google image search, holguin cuba
google image search, holguin cuba, pelagic fishes: Hi Kelli The only thing I can think of that even remotely fits your description would be a remora, a type of fish that has an attachment disc right where you describe it. These usually attach themselves to larger pelagic fishes, but they sometimes will...

Oceanography: Will there be an increase in debris on US west coast from Japan?, physical oceanographer, pacific currents
physical oceanographer, pacific currents, john lyman: Hi John I am actually a coral reef and fish ecologist rather than a physical oceanographer, but I think I might be able to provide some insights that help in your article research. I would point out three main considerations regarding your question,...

Oceanography: Increase in debris on California's coastline, caribbean shores, california coastline
caribbean shores, california coastline, dumpers: Are you sure it is bamboo? I have seen large patches of processed sugar cane (which looks a lot like small bamboo) unexpectedly wash up on Caribbean shores, and I suppose it is possible that the same material might have been swept across the Pacific without...

Oceanography: Squid. WHich is the biggest squid species?, colossal squid, giant squid
colossal squid, giant squid, sea monster: The largest living squid in terms of mass is Mesonychoteuthis hamiltoni, known as the colossal squid. This squid may grow as large as 45-50 ft (14-15 m). The kraken is not a real animal, but a mythological sea monster of the Norwegian people, which may...

Oceanography: sea turtle, hawksbill sea turtle, hawksbill turtle
hawksbill sea turtle, hawksbill turtle, upper shell: Mike Thanks for the added pix. That is NOT a hawksbill. I am not sure what it is now - it is unusual. If you don t mind, I d like to send the pix to a few colleagues who are sea turtle experts and get their take on this. Do you have any idea of where...

Oceanography: sea turtle, green sea turtle, chelonia mydas
green sea turtle, chelonia mydas, dorsal and ventral: Hey mike After careful examination of all pics I am 99.9% sure this is a green sea turtle (Chelonia mydas). The dorsal and ventral scute patterns, jaws, and prefrontal scale patterns all match up that species only. The color threw me a bit, but likely...

Oceanography: fish, google image search, panama city beach
google image search, panama city beach, small fish: Hi Jessica The picture is blurry but I am 99.9% sure by your description and the photo that what you found was a Sargassumfish (Histrio histrio). These look so strange when they are out of their element because the color, appendages, etc. are all part...

Oceanography: octopus ink, octopus ink, colored inks
octopus ink, colored inks, octopuses: Each species of cephalopod produces slightly differently colored inks; generally, octopuses produce black ink and squid ink is blue-black. Octopi come in many colors and most species also can change color rapidly for camouflage or communication. Some are...

Oceanography: Places marine life choose to live, extreme pressures, rocky shores
extreme pressures, rocky shores, evolutionary change: Places that to most living things are terrible places to live are indeed harsh - but they have one great advantage. Because of their very harshness , their are few (if any) competitors (other organisms) living there. Thus. any species that can adapt to...

Oceanography: coral, coral reefs, coral reef
coral reefs, coral reef, sea fans: Hi Yes, sea fans are a type of coral, but a different type than those that form the foundation of coral reefs. I do not know of any species of sea fans that are considered threatened or endangered - if anything, my own research indicates that in the Caribbean...

Oceanography: fossil, tube worm, photo link
tube worm, photo link, grade students: There is no photo - link is brooken - please resend and I will try to help - also, please provide location of find. Sorry the photo is there but the file is so large it took a long time to load. Unfortunately, this is beyond my area of expertise so you...

Oceanography: Great Barrier Reef, great barrier reef, population pyramid
great barrier reef, population pyramid, population parameters: The reason you can t find anything on this specific request is that it almost certainly does not exist. These sorts of pyramids require extensive data on the age structure and other population parameters, and that sort of data is difficult and expensive...

Oceanography: Human perception of certain animals, human perceptions, ocean ecosystems
human perceptions, ocean ecosystems, human perception: This is strictly my personal opinion and not based upon any hard evidence of which I am aware. I believe the difference that you refer to is very real, and a result of how we have been conditioned by long tradition among sailors and more recently by books...

Oceanography: shark attack, litterally hundreds, animal attack
litterally hundreds, animal attack, sad truth: Hi Excellent question. With sharks, there is no practical way to know who the culprit was without cutting open the shark s gut and finding human remains - nearly impossible to find the right shark . Most of the BS about trying to find the shark responsible...

Oceanography: glow in water, micro organisms, duck hunting
micro organisms, duck hunting, south louisiana: Hey Newman Interesting observation. I have no definitive answer for you, but some of the micro-organisms that are responsible for the bioluminescence also produce virulent toxins. It is very possible that the ducks (like people) react badly to the chemicals...

Oceanography: Internal Waves, internal waves, stratification
internal waves, stratification, surface effects: Nahar, Internal waves can be seen only in special circumstances, when their vertical motions and associated convergence and divergence of water are near the surface. These motions compact or dilate waves at the surface, changing their appearance. So what...

Oceanography: the ocean, aquaculture
aquaculture: Raymond, Glad to hear from you. I don t really know much about the commercial fish farming business. You might ask Dr. Alevizon of All Experts, who is a marine biologist. You also should look into the Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institute in Fort Pierce,...

Oceanography: marine biology, biology majors, math majors
biology majors, math majors, marine specimens: Hi It is not easy to say what kinds of math you might need to use once you have begun working as a marine biologist, because different researchers and workers often need very different math skills, or not much at all depending upon the job. For example,...

Oceanography: Marine biologist, marine biologist, marine biology
marine biologist, marine biology, math and science: Hi Audra You need to become a biologist first, and then you can specialize as a marine biologist . You should take all of the college-track math and science courses you can through high school, and then select a college that offers a Bachelor s degree...

Oceanography: Phosphorus, ocean upwelling, agricultural runoff
ocean upwelling, agricultural runoff, ocean waters: Hi David Elevated phosphate levels in the ocean generally occur in coastal waters. Urban and agricultural runoff would be among the primary sources. Ocean upwelling can also bring large amounts of nutrients (including phosphates) that have accumulated...

Oceanography: Unknown fish, british museum of natural history, bottom dwelling
british museum of natural history, bottom dwelling, museum of natural history: Hi The quality of the photo and the deterioration of the body makes this one tough to identify from this alone, but it appears to me to be some species of ratfish (Order Chimaeriformes). Perhaps someone at a British museum of natural history familiar...

Oceanography: Shark vs Human, uss indianopolis, invariable response
uss indianopolis, invariable response, shark conservation: Hi I see you have been watching Shark Week . Please keep in mind that the programming for that series is first and foremeost meant for entertainment, and any other (i.e., factual) considerations are secondary. It is true that some sharks will sometimes...

Oceanography: How old is this shell, sediment types, aero bar
sediment types, aero bar, wave action: Hard to say - it could be anywhere from a few years old to 30-40 yrs old. The amount of exterior abrasion depends upon the wave action and sediment types to which the shell is exposed, along with the shell s inherent properties, which vary somewhat from species...

Oceanography: Bioluminscent Dinoflagellates, scripps institute of oceanography, randy patton
scripps institute of oceanography, randy patton, pyrocystis lunula: I don t know the relative brightness of the three species off the top of my head. If Google doesn t provide an answer for you, my advice is to email Mike Latz at Scripps Institute of Oceanography (you can drop my name, Randy Patton; say hi) to ask him. ...

Oceanography: Oceanography/Marine Biology Career Path, ba or bs degree, biology career
ba or bs degree, biology career, undergraduate coursework: Hi Jodi You don t need to move to the coast to pursue your goal of eventually working as a marine biologist or oceanographer. Most working professionals in these fields received specialized academic training and experience AFTER earning a BA or BS degree...

Oceanography: water displacement instrument, water displacement, water density
water displacement, water density, bucket water: It sounds like your application needs a simple, cheap, digital readout sensor to measure water level in a small-ish vessel (bucket). Water level can of course be related to water volume displaced by a submerged object (Archimedes lives!). I don t know of a...

Oceanography: Salt Water/Fresh Water
Hi Jackie It s not that simple. In the open sea, the volume of the oceans is huge and during a large storm the surface layers are generally well mixed by wind and waves. The net result is a salinity that generally does not fluctuate enough to concern ocean...

Oceanography: Oceanography
Hi Hayley, As far as the effect of ocean acidification (lowering pH) on marine life, you would probably get a better answer from the other Expert in ceanography on this site, Dr. Alevizon. He is a biological oceanographer and I am a physical oceanographer....

Oceanography: Flying Fish
Hi Flying fish are actually gliders . Their short flights are powered by rapid movements of the caudal (tail) fin while still in the water. The wings are simply highly modified pectoral fins, that are extended as they leave the water. The shape of...

Oceanography: pH
1. I studied biology, chemistry, math, physics 2. Ph.D. in Marine Biology, 30 years teaching at university level, more than 30 research publications in international journals 3.40 years 4. B.a. Biology, M.A. Marine Biology, Ph.D. Marine Biolog...

Oceanography: giant squid study, giant squid, google
giant squid, google, squid: Hi Ben Don t know what you mean by the study of giant squid . There have been many scientific studies of this species. If you know the name of the person or organization that conducted b a particular study /b you are interested in, you need to...

Oceanography: water depth and wave velocity, shallow water waves, velocity water
shallow water waves, velocity water, wave velocity: Water depth affects wave speed only for shallow water waves. The short story is that waves long compared to the depth feel the bottom and it slows them down. The slope of the wave surface translates into a horizontal pressure gradient that is constant...

Oceanography: I don't understand the waves problem, wave dispersion, dispersion relation
wave dispersion, dispersion relation, wave amplitude: To solve these problems you have to be familiar with the speed of the various waves involved. I assume you have course materials that you can refer to so I won t go into great detail. Swell waves are deepwater waves for this example. The wave dispersion...

Oceanography: Oceanography, manganese nodules, miramar florida
manganese nodules, miramar florida, minable minerals: Very little of the sea bed has been explored in the sense of somebody going down and taking a look at it and retrieving samples, certainly less than 1%. An example of the mysteries of the deep and how there may be more interesting things to be discovered...

Oceanography: balls of light on Mediterranean sea, bioluminescent organisms, organsims
bioluminescent organisms, organsims, mediterranean sea: What you saw is most likely caused by some phenomenon involving biolumunescence. My guess is that the water contained very small bioluminescent organisms (plankton, small jellyfish) and the balls of light were created by little schools of feeding fish stirring...

Oceanography: Why couldn't Columbus catch fish?, thor heyerdahl, essential vitamins and minerals
thor heyerdahl, essential vitamins and minerals, coral reefs: You can t remain healthy for long on a diet of fish and water - no carbohydrates, missing essential vitamins and minerals. Thor Heyerdahl would not have last long on what he had on the raft; Columbus s crew had no idea how long they might be gone. So,...

Oceanography: Tide size, tidal amplitude, extreme tides
tidal amplitude, extreme tides, resonant waves: The short answer is that Cuba and the Antilles are not mainly responsible for the low tides in the Caribbean Sea and Columbian coast. The low tidal amplitudes in these regions are simply due to their proximity to a node of zero amplitude (an amphidrome) located...

Oceanography: Exotic Camouflage Fish, camouflage techniques, spy novel
camouflage techniques, spy novel, fish supper: Hey Alex One of the more interesting questions I have received here. OK - I think I have the makings of what you re looking for. The octopus is our Hero - they are quite common in the Mediterranean, and considered a delicacy so they would be served...

Oceanography: Waves
Waves are an undulating deformation of the surface of the water. You probably have a good idea of what a wave looks like (say, at the beach or behind a boat), with regularly spaced crests and troughs. The important characteristics (parameters) of waves are...

Oceanography: sea
The ocean is salty because minerals in the Earth s crust containing salts have been draining into it for millions of years. Fresh water from rain falls on land and dissolves these salts, mainly chlorine combined with sodium (i.e., table salt!) which then end...

Oceanography: Water
Hi The color of a large body of water is derived from the fact that the water gradually filters out parts of the color spectrum, leaving only that which penetrates furthest. This only happens when there is sufficient water to do the filtering. A glass...

Oceanography: Ocean Currents
It is possible for a ship to drift for a long time (years) without hitting land, especially if it is caught up in a mid-ocean gyre such as that associated with the Sargasso Sea. It impossible to tell exactly how long it could stay afloat since that would depend...

Oceanography: Great White Sharks
Hi The sorts of questions you ask are more general biological questions that would apply to many species, not just the one you are interested in. The answers are fairly generic; for example having large gills means that as well as allowing for greater...

Oceanography: Identification
Hi Linda Hard to nail it down from just this photo, but my best guess is that you found a dorsal spine of a billfish,(perhaps a sailfish or marlin). Spines from stingrays generally have serrations on both sides not just one, but I would not rule that...

Oceanography: blue faced angel fish
Hi This fish is native to the Indo-Pacific region, and I have never seen one since I work mainly in the Florida-Caribbean region. I cannot tell you any more about this species than what you can learn yourself from a quick internet search. Good luck...

Oceanography: Salty Water
Over the eons, salt has leached from the Earth s surface into the oceans. Because the oceans have no outlet, they form the ultimate repository for any materials dissolved in water as it flows downward from exposed land to the seas. When water evaporates from...

Oceanography: Falling in deep water
The rate of descent of an object depends of course on the effective weight underwater and the drag it feels due to the viscosity of the water. Your question really has to do with the change in density of the object relative to the density of water as the pressure...

Oceanography: science
I m not a volcanologist, so I can t claim to have the best answer, but here is what I think. I m not sure that oceanic volcanoes really are more violent, just more prevalent. This is because the areas where most strong volcanoes occur are often at continental...

Oceanography: Do marine animals absorb fine plastic particles?
Quite honestly, this is not my field of specialization but I think i would be safe to say: 1. the amount of acrylic entering the ocean because of artists cleaning brushes is like the proverbial drop of water in lake Michigan - insignificant 2. the...

Oceanography: Enceladus oceans/life
Hi Geoff All speculative of course, but given the unlikely habitats that earthly life has managed to colonize and survive in, I am always hesitant to rule such possibilities out. After all, we only know ONE kind of life (as found on Earth) and there...

Oceanography: Sperm Whale and Squid
Hi. Great question. Unfortunately, I m not a marine biologist so don t really have any experience with whale tracking. However, here are some thoughts. I think night vision cameras are probably feasible. They exist and can do doubt be ruggedized. However,...

Oceanography: Barotropic Tidal Forcing
Hi Kevin, In general, the term barotropic means motion that occurs in phase over the entire water column, i.e., motion at the surface occurs at the same time as motion at depth, although not necessarily at the same amplitude (surface amplitudes are higher)....

Oceanography: question
There are a lot of islands that are surrounded by 1000 ft depths: Hawaii in the Pacific, Azores in the Atlantic, Seychelles in the Indian Ocean, etc. However, I get the impression that you are interested in islands that have a drop off of 1000 ft right at...

Oceanography: question about shallow ocean wave height
I think a very simple solution will work for this question, namely the conversion of kinetic energy to potential energy as the water gets pushed upward due to the presence of the island (assuming the island has a reasonably gentle slope). For a ridiculously...

Oceanography: objective question on oceanography
I d have to go with the 2nd 2., Meridional transport of heat across the global ocean. Meridional transport means transport north and south along a meridian. Since the polar (northern) regions are cold and the equatorial (southern) regions are warm, the...

Oceanography: Depths of the ocean
Thanks for the question. However, I don t think this type of information is readily available. As a diver myself (open water), as well as an oceanographer, I would find these statistics fascinating. On the other hand, it might not be too helpful for recreational...

Oceanography: Need to know how far the moon drags ocean water? East-west and north-south.
Tides can be pretty complicated so I ll just try to give you some basic information. First of all, the main tidal influence is the moon, by about a factor of 2 compared to the sun, so imagining the tidal height to be in phase with the moon is a tempting...

Oceanography: Large Ocean life- Death effects on environment
Hi Elizabeth, It is very unlikely that a boat floating above a sinking whale would be sucked down with the whale, for a couple of reasons. First of all, the whale would probably not sink very fast, which means that it would not create a significant low...

Oceanography: Advantages, global hydrological cycle, co2 emissions
global hydrological cycle, co2 emissions, tropical deforestation: Advantages: The oceans function as the great regulator of the Earth s climate and they sustain the planet s many biogeochemical cycles. For example, natural changes in the amount of CO2 in the atmosphere, oceans, and land are much larger than the changes directly...

Oceanography: Animals effected by water pollution, animals effected by water pollution, harmful pollutants
animals effected by water pollution, harmful pollutants, blue whales: 1) What animals are effected through water pollution? ***ALL animals are affected by pollution, sadly. 2) How are animals effected through water pollution? ***Not only are we destroying their environment, their home but we are affecting the food they...

Oceanography: How to apply for a Ph.D?, web page request, shanghai fisheries university
web page request, shanghai fisheries university, shanghai china: Hi. Sorry, you asked how to apply for a PhD. Basically, you apply for admission to the university of your choice. This means finding their web page, request and fill out all the application material, then send it in. Once you are accepted, you will...

Oceanography: Bull sharks, salt water species, bull sharks
salt water species, bull sharks, long periods of time: Well to start of with your grasp on the salt water fresh water physiology of fish is rather good, and for the majority of fish its correct. But there are exceptions for example a lot of salt water species spawn and live as juveniles in freshwater (salmon,...

Oceanography: What is the best animal in..., top of the food chain, killer whales
top of the food chain, killer whales, orcas: That question is more of an opinionated question, but I will tell you my favorite animal. I love orcas, also known as killer whales, because of their great intelligence and social skills. They are also at the top of the food chain, even above sharks. Would...

Oceanography: blue sea star , purple sea urchin, purple sea urchin, self amputation
purple sea urchin, self amputation, reef dwellers: Linckia laevigata I got this off a web page but here is my opinion, based on what there niche and habitat and populations are like I would assume that there color is genetic but like all reef dwellers the relative brilliance can be enhanced by what they...

Oceanography: Carbon Dioxide levels in water, carbon dioxide levels, rate of diffusion
carbon dioxide levels, rate of diffusion, microscopic organisms: I don t quite know what level you are aiming this at so i apologize if some bits seem undermining and others a bit OTT. There is more Carbon Dioxide (CO2) in the air than there is in the water. The CO2 Present in water is dissolved either from the air (by...

Oceanography: Careers in Marine Bio, miami seaquarium, marine biologists
miami seaquarium, marine biologists, tidal processes: Hi Andrew!! Sorry you have had to wait a while for my reply, but things have been hectic my end, especially with the computer network going down - had to re-build my pc and these things take time!! Well, I am going to disappoint you slightly - I am not...

Oceanography: Careers, veterinary medicine, zoology
veterinary medicine, zoology, many thanks: well there are a lot more opportunities for veterinary medicine and sciences. Fields in marine life and zoology are very competitive and not as many opportunities. But if its what your really interested in just work hard and you may find something. Hope...

Oceanography: Coral Information Needed, challenger expedition, coral information
challenger expedition, coral information, matthew fontaine: Hi Theno I am actually not sure who discovered that coral was alive but my educated guess is that you should look into Matthew Fontaine Murray and the HMS Challenger Expedition, or Charles Darwin who did a lot of studies on reefs and the atolls. Murray ...

Oceanography: Crab, ghost crab, intertidal areas
ghost crab, intertidal areas, stone crab: Hi sara! It is probably a ghost crab. those are very common and can be red in color. you can find them in intertidal areas- they can live on both land and in shallow water. A stone crab probably wouldn t walk all the way up to your yard, it would tend to...

Oceanography: SO confused! Please help, new england aquarium, marine biologist
new england aquarium, marine biologist, guidance counselor: Hi Laura, Wow, what an emotional conflict you seem to be suffering. Yes, those choices can seem/be tough. I m no psychologist, although for four semesters I did have psychology as a double major. But decided it wasn t my strength, so keep that in mind...

Oceanography: coral reefs, northwest hawaiian islands, coral reefs
northwest hawaiian islands, coral reefs, reefbase: My particular background is with the coral reefs found in the Pacific ocean. There are a number of good reference sites that have the information you are searching for if you re interested in that region. I would start at NOAA s website at http://www.nmfs.hawaii.edu/cred/...

Oceanography: correction to first question about albacore, albacore tuna, exoskeleton
albacore tuna, exoskeleton, hermit crab: Hermit crabs are one of the only types of crustacean that use other shells in fact their own exoskeleton could also be considered a shell but its rather soft. All mollusks (clams and snails ...) grow their owns shells like abalone. hope this helps and see...

Oceanography: crabs, dead creatures, scavengers
dead creatures, scavengers, crabs: A scavenger will eat bits of rubbish that happens to be around, like bits of other dead creatures and plants that something has left behind or that has just fallen off. Some crabs are also predators, not quite like the cheetah or lion as their prey is...

Oceanography: cyanide and formaldehyde, black smokers, hydrothermal vent
black smokers, hydrothermal vent, trace quantities: not usually, and in none of the cases i have studied. It my be a fair guess to make as there are lots of unusual chemicals found at the hydrothermal vent sites. The chemical which gives the black smokers their names is iron monosulphide. At white smoker...

Oceanography: Difference of Ocean levels., tide gauge data, shape of the earth
tide gauge data, shape of the earth, level surfaces: HI Dominique. Thanks for your question. Sorry I am late in answering - Christmas break and all that!! To answer your question we need to look at what sea level is and why it changes. [1] Mean Sea Level (MSL) to an operator of a tide gauge means the...

Oceanography: how deep and where is the deepest part of the oceans?, answer homework questions, marianis trench
answer homework questions, marianis trench, homework question: Average depth is 2 miles, I know WHERE the deepest part, and I will tell you that (the Marianis Trench) but, and I am not trying to be rude, but it sounds like a homework question to me, and I don t answer homework questions...look up Marianis Trench and you...

Oceanography: dolphins, dolphins porpoises, dolphins and porpoises
dolphins porpoises, dolphins and porpoises, difference between dolphins and porpoises: Hi Ros Porpoises have spade-shaped teeth, dolphins have cone-shaped teeth. Porpoises are smaller and are most often in the southern hemisphere. They are also in different Family classifications. They cannot interbreed and produce viable offspring. People...

Oceanography: why dont sea fish taste salty?, fish taste, salt environment
fish taste, salt environment, river fish: This is a very good question and I never even thought of it that way till you asked. Marine fish don’t taste salty because there is not anywhere near as much salt in them as in salt water (if any at all in some cases). The reason fish can live at different...

Oceanography: Electric Eels, electric eels, sodium potassium
electric eels, sodium potassium, zinc copper: Hello Nelida I think all of your questions are best answered by this website http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electric_eel I reviewed it and it is accurate. 2. A battery works similar to an eel by using stacked cells with ion channels that create an electrical...

Oceanography: Fish at altitude, alpine lakes, oxygen levels
alpine lakes, oxygen levels, species of fish: I don t really know the much about this subject. But what I do know is that fish are found in Alpine lakes that are rather high up, and much above this level most water is bound up in ice. But I don t think that the low air pressure changes the DO in the...

Oceanography: Fish communications, microbial ecology lab, marine phytoplankton
microbial ecology lab, marine phytoplankton, oceanography research: Hello I ve sent you back your piece, hope you recieve it- the system want s me to answer your follow up question on this account. Here are my credentials I have a B.S. in marine biology, and am working on a M.S. in oceanography. I am FDA certified for...

Oceanography: Fish in Swimming pools, marine biologists, chlorinated water
marine biologists, chlorinated water, swimming pools: hey no there is not any fish known that can stand chlorinated water. you can try talking to differnt marine biologists to see if they have any ideas and maybe they can help you do a teriffic experiment. good luck and keep me posted if you get any more information...

Oceanography: Fish, freshwater fish, science fair project
freshwater fish, science fair project, project thanks: hi!! im not totally sure which fish but i know there is 1-2 fish like sharks or something that live in saltwater but can also survive in fresh. im not real sure if fresh can live in salt but i think they cant. goldfish are a freshwater fish and im positive...

Oceanography: Advantages, oceans, forests
Oceanography: Advantages, oceans, forests, earth

Oceanography: Animals effected by water pollution
Oceanography: Animals effected by water pollution

Oceanography: Difference of Ocean levels., ocean levels, continents
Oceanography: Difference of Ocean levels., ocean levels, continents, panama

Oceanography: why dont sea fish taste salty?, u press, true facts
Oceanography: why dont sea fish taste salty?, u press, true facts, scientist

Oceanography: Fish at altitude, concentration gradient, wave action
Oceanography: Fish at altitude, concentration gradient, wave action, air pressure

Oceanography: mullet, little sarasota bay, air bladders
Oceanography: mullet, little sarasota bay, air bladders, university fisheries

Oceanography: Ocean Energy, ocean energy, source of energy
Oceanography: Ocean Energy, ocean energy, source of energy, photosynthesis

Oceanography: overfishing, fishing companies, anwser
Oceanography: overfishing, fishing companies, anwser, money

Oceanography: What is Phosphorus, swiming, fish
Oceanography: What is Phosphorus, swiming, fish

Oceanography: Saltwater-freshwater okay? What do crabs eat. General care of saltwater fish., health food store, dried seaweed
Oceanography: Saltwater-freshwater okay? What do crabs eat. General care of saltwater fish., health food store, dried seaweed, aquarium sand

Oceanography: salt water and freezing, freezing point depression, mixture
Oceanography: salt water and freezing, freezing point depression, mixture

Oceanography: A fish i can't identify, outer banks nc, fresh water fish
outer banks nc, fresh water fish, bull sharks: Hello again There are definitely manatees in your area, they are not just found around the equator, they are all along the florida coast and up into NC and SC. I bet that s what it was. Especially if it was slow moving; sharks will make darting motions...

Oceanography: The Great Barrier Reef, largest living organism, great barrier reef
largest living organism, great barrier reef, coral polyps: The Great Barrier Reef (GBR) is not just a living landform, it is the largest living organism on the planet, a colossal interconnected colony of limestone-secreting coral polyps that stretch 1,430 miles (2,300 kilometers) along Australia s northeastern coast...

Oceanography: gas plant discharge, high reefs, outfall pipe
high reefs, outfall pipe, discharge pipe: First off I can’t make comments on policy witch this is deeply rooted in, but with that said I would not want it in my bay. These are concerns you should bring up with your local government and policy makers. Just because they are hoping things get swept...

Oceanography: global warming, rising tide levels, top of the stairs, beach erosion
top of the stairs, beach erosion, tide levels: This observation you have is not so much global warming but is something else called beach erosion. Beach erosion happens much faster in some places it only takes a year or two to see the kind of changes you have observed. Its mostly a natural movement of...

Oceanography: great white sharks, great white sharks, white sharks
great white sharks, white sharks, great whites: Mostly no, they are usually just referred to as male and females. Although I have heard some people from different counties and backgrounds refer to a male as a bull but I don’t believe this is common or correct. Now as far as great whites go very little...

Oceanography: Hi Tracy! I'm curretnly working..., boogie board, open wounds
boogie board, open wounds, sea lion: well, for starters, any open wounds (or a woman menstruating)...sharks smell blood. And mistaken identity...there is a reason most attacks don t end in death (from the shark eating them), and a reason most attacks are people on a surfboard or boogie board....

Oceanography: How do Horseshoe Crabs Fertilize Eggs?, male horseshoe crabs, deposits eggs
male horseshoe crabs, deposits eggs, unattached males: I may have found exactly what you are looking for in a research paper. hope this helps H. Jane Brockmann1, Timothy Colson2 and Wayne Potts2 (1) Department of Zoology, University of Florida, 32611 Gainesville, FL, USA (2) Department of Pathology, University...

Oceanography: Hypothetical climate, strong currents, tropic of capricorn
strong currents, tropic of capricorn, land bridge: I am not exactly sure but I can offer my best guess. I would think with no land masses there would be some very strong currents circling the globe unhindered and the narrow land bridge would not last very long. I would also think that the poles would be...

Oceanography: Can you help me??, porous rock, open channels
porous rock, open channels, lagoons: Hi Sharma, That question is a little out of my area of expertise, but.. Ground water travels through layers of material which is porous, such as sand or porous rock, or through open channels between layers of rock. Here is a URL for you to check...

Oceanography: hey, animal diversity web, electrophorus electricus
animal diversity web, electrophorus electricus, electric eel: I personally do not know much about electric eels (Electrophorus electricus) but a little delving into some fish keeping websites have shown that a touch from the electric eel s tail can disable a human or a large animal, although a single discharge is usually...

Oceanography: humpback whales, whaling industry, bio accumulation
whaling industry, bio accumulation, humpback whales: this answer is going to be a bit of a stretch but I will try. They help (when there is a sustainable population) economically by supporting a whaling industry (but not anymore). They are a top down predation of krill. Tissue samples are very useful for...

Oceanography: humpback whales, humpback whales, food sources
humpback whales, food sources, family business: First off sorry it took so long to reply I had to leave town on family business. Well the only real environmental impacts I can think of is there food sources like Krill may increase in numbers and that could lead to a new set of predators becoming more abundant...

Oceanography: Lazi varigiensis, fish pellets, saltwater lagoon
fish pellets, saltwater lagoon, diamond scale: Hi Julie, That question is way out of my area of expertise... what you need is an aquaculturist. But here are a few URL s which may give you some insight? http://www.anglersnet.com.uk/authors/leon20.htm If you go to the search engine www.google.com...

Oceanography: Lobsters, marine biologist, painless death
marine biologist, painless death, distresses: Well, I know it s pretty quick....they don t REALLY scream that is air escaping from the shell. I dont know about pain, but like I said, they go awefully quick I believe...not sure though...I dont personally eat the things....but I grew up on Cape Cod...so...

Oceanography: Marine Biologist, marine biology department, how to become a marine biologist
marine biology department, how to become a marine biologist, university of rhode island: sorry this response took so long my PC was down University of Rhode Island has two or three professors in their marine biology department who have a background in sharks and rays (elasmobranchology). But there are many good schools for this most are coastal...

Oceanography: Marine biology, woods hole oceanographic institute, steve dimarco
woods hole oceanographic institute, steve dimarco, hole oceanographic institute: Hi Jenna. I do know about marine biology because i am a marine biologist. To become one you go to school for 4 years and get a bachelors of science in marine biology. Then you can go to graduate school for the same thing, which will take 2-3 years. Their...

Oceanography: Multiple backbones in a sardine, internal backbone, tiny bones
internal backbone, tiny bones, cartiledge: I understand now, this is very interesting. When things like this happen its not usually a mutation which is genetic, but a malformation. A malformation like this is usually due to something happening in the embryonic (planktonic in this case) stage of the...

Oceanography: marianas trench, deep ocean trenches, winnipeg manitoba canada
deep ocean trenches, winnipeg manitoba canada, marianas trench: Deep ocean trenches, such as the Marianas trench are formed by plate tectonics. The movement of one plate under another to be precise. The scientific term is plate subduction. It happens because one tectonic plate is heavier than another and where there is...

Oceanography: marine life, extreme pressures, sea creatures
extreme pressures, sea creatures, water loss: there are many adaptations, try a bit of gooleing and have a look here for basic ones. http://www.marinebio.com/Oceans/TheDeep/ If you can find any that you don t understand please don t hesitate to ask me about them, their function, (for instance a specific...

Oceanography: marine life, major ocean currents, marine ecosystem
major ocean currents, marine ecosystem, thermal stress: Major effects are that the bands of life appear to be moving polewards, ie tropical species are being found further and further north/south. coral bleaching is apparently a major problem (all the algae in corals being ejected as the coral has come under...

Oceanography: mullet, tiny parasites, poping
tiny parasites, poping, predators: Hello! You are right that it is a common sight. It is unknown exactly why mullet jump. It could very well be that they are being chased by predators, but more likely they jump to remove parasites from their body. When they splash back into the water, it...

Oceanography: The Norhtern Snakehead, target species, species design
target species, species design, alien fish: I do not know much about this species but with any invasive species that you wish to get rid of you can either disrupt its breeding, (remove the habitat it uses to reproduce or use chemichals to confuse them into miss identifying a mate or to prevent them...

Oceanography: I need help on a report., bio accumulation, lead pollution
bio accumulation, lead pollution, iq scores: Well I am sorry to say that lead is not exactly my field but I will try my beast to point you in the correct direction. This is a major topic and there is tons of research done on it. Try doing searches for these types of things (lead LT50, lead in sea,...

Oceanography: need help, coral reefs, changes in legislation
coral reefs, changes in legislation, recyle: Hi Koshini Unfortunately it is very difficult to predict how long species will die out. I know that for coral reefs they are predicting 30 years due to the acidification of the ocean from increased CO2 into the atmosphere. Many species in rainforests and...

Oceanography: Ocean Energy, thermal energy conversion, ocean thermal energy conversion
thermal energy conversion, ocean thermal energy conversion, ocean thermal energy: Well this is not exactly my expertise but I will give you my opinion on it. What is the ultimate source of Ocean energy? I would think Ocean thermal energy conversion may have the most potential in the future. What is the immediate source of Ocean energy?...

Oceanography: Ocean motion, chlorofluorocarbons cfc, ocean conveyor belt
chlorofluorocarbons cfc, ocean conveyor belt, earth and environmental science: After discussing this with colleagues, i would say that dimolecular oxygen (O2) is not produced by chemosynthesis, but oxides (O) are produced as free radicals that quickly bind to other chemicals (nitrous oxide for example). So basically no, dissolved oxygen...

Oceanography: Ocean Pollution Question, waste water treatment, soluble fertilizers
waste water treatment, soluble fertilizers, oil derivatives: Well the top 4 I can think of would be Banning the use of soluble fertilizers in coastal water sheds that lead to eutrophication from run-off. Better waste water treatment for both industry and sewage for water that is released into the environment. Cleaner...

Oceanography: Ocean, great white sharks, lemon sharks
great white sharks, lemon sharks, good eyesight: Hey! We need to know oceanography because it effects many aspects of our lives that we take for granted. It is good to study fields that may not be a career for you directly, because it will help you become a more well rounded person. It will be clear to...

Oceanography: Oceanography, mid ocean ridge, side scan sonar
mid ocean ridge, side scan sonar, magnetic field changes: Hi Ashley! These look like homework questions to me.......I will answer some for you and give some guidance on some others.....I am not going to do all the work!!! 1. The Ocean with the most water is a tough one because this depends on the flow budgets...

Oceanography: Oceanography, salt chemistry, sea salts
salt chemistry, sea salts, www students: I am not completely sure what you mean by the seven common sea salts, I have never used the term before. try searching for salt chemistry, or sea salt chemistry. Here are some useful pages I found. All I really know of sea salt is its NaCl, sorry hope this...

Oceanography: Oceanography, plymouth university, sampling techniques
plymouth university, sampling techniques, worker positions: Excellent- global currents are very interesting and definitely important with the changing climate. This work might involve a lot of computer modeling and analyzing, you may want to look into the computer oriented side of current profiling to make sure you...

Oceanography: Oceanography, benthic organisms, microscopic organisms
benthic organisms, microscopic organisms, ocean plankton: Well, Planktonik organisms simply drift in the ocen, benthic organisms live on the bottom and are more often than not stationary. ALL organisms are signifigant and important because they are part of the food chain. Some organisms are food for others, some...

Oceanography: Octopus heartbeat, scripps institution of oceanography, birch aquarium at scripps
scripps institution of oceanography, birch aquarium at scripps, california sheephead: I have found that the age at which maturation (gender change) occurs is thought to be dependant upon the food sources, (quality and abundance) and other environmental stresses (such as predation and competition), and regarding the colour change it will not...

Oceanography: ocean animals, frogs and toads, mangrove habitats
frogs and toads, mangrove habitats, marine toad: First off all amphibians were originally marine, but there appear to be no purely marine amphibians that I can find, however there are several frogs and toads that can live in brackish (estuarine) habitats (even as tadpoles). Mostly live in mangrove habitats...

Oceanography: ocean, contemplation, niece
contemplation, niece: the biggest challenge here would to put it in a way for a 5 year old to understand. Salt comes in many more forms then what we put on our food, and mostly its found in the ground so for millions of years water flowing over land carries very small amounts...

Oceanography: oceanography, oceanography, sharks
oceanography, sharks, dolphins: No, Sharks in general tend to stay clear of any potential threat that is equal or greater then their own size (especially other sharks). The threat dolphins pose on a shark is that they are usually in a group, but even a group of dolphins may consider a shark...

Oceanography: oceanography, composition of the ocean, ocean water
composition of the ocean, ocean water, salinity: I need a little more info on what you mean by the composition of ocean water. It is H20 and many MANY other dissolved minerals including Calcium and hundreds of other minerals and elements. The average salinity of the world s oceans is 35ppm (parts per...

Oceanography: oceans, arctic oceans, indo pacific
arctic oceans, indo pacific, circumpolar region: Hi Sheila This seems like kind of an unreasonable question for you to have to answer without some sort of texbook or database that contains that info. This website might be of help to you http://content.cdlib.org/xtf/view?docId=kt167nb66r&chunk.id=d3_1_ch15&toc.depth=1&toc.id=ch15&brand=eschol...

Oceanography: overfishing debate, term result, skyrocket
term result, skyrocket, fishermen: Well first of the words benefits and overfishing should never be used in the same sentence. Overfishing is very harmful. But if you had to find a benefit in it for the sake of debate the very very shot term result is beneficial economically for the fishermen...

Oceanography: overfishing, term result, skyrocket
term result, skyrocket, fishermen: Well first of the words benefits and overfishing should never be used in the same sentence. Overfishing is very harmful. But if you had to find a benefit in it for the sake of debate the very very shot term result is beneficial economically for the fishermen...

Oceanography: oxygen from water, oxygen containing compounds, carbon cycle in water
oxygen containing compounds, carbon cycle in water, oxygen cycle: The utilizable oxygen in water is not the O in the water molecule H2O it is in the form of dissolved oxygen O2 so there really isn t much splitting involved. Even in photosynthesis water is used to convert the CO2 to O2 and plant structure. In the water primary...

Oceanography: Panama Canal, tight gates, panama canal
tight gates, panama canal, water levels: The canal has water tight gates that raise and lower a ship to the water level of the direction it needs to go. Water in such a man made structure can be very destructive when finding it own level especially with tidal flux. These gates increase the efficiency...

Oceanography: Pet Sharks, pet sharks, many different types
pet sharks, many different types, saltaquarium: It depends upon where exactly you live, how big your tank is and what type of shark you want to keep. There are many different types, some are quite small (in comparison to others) If you are interested in keeping sharks yourself i suggest that you look...

Oceanography: What is Phosphorus, prey organisms, phosphoresence
prey organisms, phosphoresence, glow worms: Hi Monique!! The phenomenon that you witnessed in Thailand was something called BIOLUMINESENCE. Basically it is light produced by a bio-chemical reaction to oxygen, which originates in an organism. There are 1000 s of bioluminescent species and most...

Oceanography: Please help me with a project., scottish isles, project deals
scottish isles, project deals, marine sciences: Hi there Rari! Thankyou for your question - its quite different from the past questions that I have recieved. 1. Do you like what you do? Yes, very much. I have been studying the marine sciences since I was 18, so there has got to be a certain appeal...

Oceanography: penguins, thermal conductivity, temperature gradient
thermal conductivity, temperature gradient, georgetown texas: Hi Sally That s an interesting question. I believe you are comparing this concept to when your tongue freezes to an ice cube or metal pole. Your tongue freezes to things that have a high enough thermal conductivity to extract heat faster from your tongue...

Oceanography: penquins, skin cells, warm blood
skin cells, warm blood, cold conditions: The system that stops a penguin s foot from freezing is very elaborate and sophisticated and employs two mechanisms. The first one allows the penguin to control the rate of blood flowing to its feet by varying the diameter of arterial vessels supplying...

Oceanography: Rising sea level, and logs 8' deep in salt marsh, coast guard ship, peat bogs
coast guard ship, peat bogs, drainage ditches: Well there are a few things I can think of. Fist is that depending on where in the marshes topography the trees were found they could have been washed down during a storm surge. Things are often found buried where the main water flows threw a marsh. If it...

Oceanography: research question, earth science course, introductory earth
earth science course, introductory earth, initial motivation: Hi Matthew. I do not mind answering your questions at all.......here it goes.... What was your initial motivation to enter your field of expertise? Always been interested in the marine environment and initially wanted to concentrate on physical...

Oceanography: research question, earth science course, introductory earth
earth science course, introductory earth, initial motivation: Hey, I would love to help you out, but I am unqualified. I am a volunteer here. I am an avid fisherman who studies sharks feverishly as a hobby. I can answer a lot of questions about fish, but I have no formal education on the subject, nor do I do it as a...

Oceanography: Salinitity, warm surface water, global conveyor belt
warm surface water, global conveyor belt, west point military academy: First off I think you may want to try a search for The global conveyor belt, and thermohaline circulation. There are many web pages that give great explanation on how the currents are moved by salinity and temperature. Think of salinity as a ratio of salt...

Oceanography: Salt Water, streams and rivers, rivers and streams
streams and rivers, rivers and streams, water rivers: Ocean water has many minerals dissolved in it from the earth (when put together, the minerals make up many different salts) Fresh water (rivers & streams) have a salt content...it s just VERY low. Rivers and streams run off into the ocean...their salt...

Oceanography: Saltiness of fish and seagulls, seagulls, scavengers
seagulls, scavengers, seagull: Hi Alex The saltiness of a seagull is not what makes it inedible. You can eat things that are really salty as long as you drink enough fresh water along with it- although generally having too much salt in your diet is obviously not good. You cannot DRINK...

Oceanography: Saltwater-freshwater okay? What do crabs eat. General care of saltwater fish., salt water aquarium, salt water fish
salt water aquarium, salt water fish, types of algae: well i wouldnt put any salt water fish in fresh water because it will not survive. well crabs feed on different types of algae and if they are salt water they will not survive without a proper tank and trust me the tank is much more invomved then you can imagine....

Oceanography: Science, ecological sense, shore crab
ecological sense, shore crab, small fish: Hello, I assume that you mean competition on the shore/seabed in the ecological sense. Like all organisms crabs need food, shelter, and a mate to reproduce. There are two types of competition, Interspecific and intraspecific. The first is between different...

Oceanography: Seashells, octopus and squid, phylum of animals
octopus and squid, phylum of animals, mussel shells: Like among other molluscs the bivalves shell is produced by the mantle or pallium. Growth of shells happens in all directions. On mussel shells therefore concentric rings or umbones can be seen. The bivalves mantle, as well as the shell, is present in two...

Oceanography: Shark Attacks, dangerous sharks, souther california
dangerous sharks, souther california, likelyhood: Well, the odds are zero if you never enter the water. Just kidding. Actually the odds of being attacked while being in the ocean are a little less than 600,000 to one. That is less than your chance of being struck by lightning. In southern california, there...

Oceanography: Shark Infested Waters, shark infested waters, good answer
shark infested waters, good answer, contexts: I am not sure I can really give you a good answer for this. In my opinion the term shark infestation in all the contexts I have ever seen it in does not even relate to an amount but just the presence of them (usually where people are). The definition of...

Oceanography: Sharks, home aquarium, exact species
home aquarium, exact species, species names: Sure its possible I have seen a few small species kept as pets before. Here is a Link about it, I don t know the exact species names but you will have to search for a dealer in your area to buy from. http://www.aquaticcommunity.com/sharkfish/petsharks.ph...

Oceanography: salt water crabs, google serch, fiddler crabs
google serch, fiddler crabs, range of tolerance: Well I cant really tell what the crab is from your discription, and I dont know where you are. If I were you I would do a google serch for crab species of your area (example , New Jersey Crab Species) I find lots of great descriptive species references to...

Oceanography: salt water and freezing, salt molecules, death valley california
salt molecules, death valley california, heterogeneous mixture: Salt lowers the temperature at which water freezes and melts. Pure water, H2O, freezes (and melts) at 0°C (32°F). But the more salt (any elements or compounds carried by the water in solution, such as Na (sodium), Ca (calcium), Cl (chloride), and...

Oceanography: salt water and freezing, air pockets, technical purposes
air pockets, technical purposes, freezing point: Technically, salt water does not freeze. The icebergs in the oceans have been tested extensively and they are only chemically composed of water and air pockets. The salt tends to shift to the outside edge of the berg. The salt can actually be scraped off the...

Oceanography: science, field scientists, water chemistry
field scientists, water chemistry, measure water: It really depends on what we are doing. Some work behind a desk and wear what they want and the only tool they use are computers. Others go out on boat or the shore and wear anything from a bathing suit to rain gear to life jackets to a wet suit. Some tools...

Oceanography: scientific names, scientific names, whales
scientific names, whales, lander: Hi Anne. Sorry, I do not know of any specific to whales. You might try the following URL: http://www.saltspring.com/capewest/pron.htm http://members.aol.com/magarland/botlat/testhand.htm http://www.lander.edu/rsfox/300classifLec.html ...

Oceanography: sea level, astronomical tide, tide level
astronomical tide, tide level, moon position: Sea level is dependant upon many factors, sun and moon position (although when surveying and map making an average for the area is taken, they usually use the lowest astronomical tide (lowest possible tide level)), sea bed topography, weather conditions and...

Oceanography: sea water buffering, sea water, biota
sea water, biota, seawater: Right well seawater is a much buffered solution. There are some studies that have shown a current micro drop in pH. But the pH will change very slowly it wont just reach a point and drop there is a huge ability to buffer. But depending on the localized biota...

Oceanography: shark attacks, sea lions, winning the lottery
sea lions, winning the lottery, shark attacks: Well, everyone has an opinion, but there s little data to suggest that the risk of being attacked by a shark is increasing. Note, I said risk, not the actual number. There re many suggested causes for what is being perceived as an increase - e.g., a larger...

Oceanography: sharks and dolphins, messes, sharks
messes, sharks, dolphins: Im not totally positive but i believe that they both have a fear of each other. the dolphins fight them in order to protect themselves. sharks will approach them to eat but will then swim away if the dolphin messes with him so its kind of equal fear & confusing....

Oceanography: sharks, fresh water sharks, sandbar sharks
fresh water sharks, sandbar sharks, freshwater sharks: Although most people think of sharks and rays as exclusively saltwater inhabitants, quite a few species actually make use of freshwater living spaces. In a 1995 paper, elasmobranch systematist Leonard Compagno and shark fisheries biologist Sid Cook surveyed...

Oceanography: Can a shock from an electric eel burn?, electric eel, electric eels
electric eel, electric eels, sized person: I believe it could but it would very much depend on the size of the victim, because after all that is the desired result of this animals prey and would be predators. I am not 100% sure though because I don’t know what amount of charge would be needed to cause...

Oceanography: tides, moons orbit, earth and the moon
moons orbit, earth and the moon, high tides: Basically it is because of the time it takes for the moon to rotate around the Earth. The moon will be over that same spot 24 hours and 48 mins later causing the difference in the tides every day. Tides are caused by the gravitational interaction between...

Oceanography: tsunami, indian ocean earthquake, asian tsunami
indian ocean earthquake, asian tsunami, exact answer: Well I could not find the exact answer, mostly because there was a lot of coastline effected and it varied based on individual topography. But here is a very useful page I found. http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2004/12/1227_041226_tsunami.html...

Oceanography: tsunamis, south carolina earthquake, tsunamis in the gulf of mexico
south carolina earthquake, tsunamis in the gulf of mexico, earthquake in costa rica: There is the potential for tsunami wherever there is a coast, so yes it happens in both the Atlantic and the Gulf we have just been lucky enough to not experience any major ones yet. Potential causes are underwater seismic activities, via earthquake, shelf...

Oceanography: upper estuary vs. lower estuary, estuary, hi john
estuary, hi john, informative website: Hi John. This is an interesting question. Estuarine science is complex one. However, simply upper/lower denotes the horizontal feature of the estuary with relation to the sea, for example an upper estuary is that part of the estuary that is furthest from...

Oceanography: Water Pollution effecting our Oceans?, great barrier reef, great barrier reef in australia
great barrier reef, great barrier reef in australia, natural waterways: I believe pollution does play a role in those occurrences. This is a huge topic with many many siteable examples online. But to be more specific the most effected creatures are coastal species. Now I assume by oceanic you mean marine species, but if by...

Oceanography: Whales, Fertility and Mercury Emissions- True or False?, fossil fuel emissions, mercury emissions
fossil fuel emissions, mercury emissions, toxicology study: Well I could not find the reference in question but a college and I came close. I would tell that person that without a reference their argument is not very valid. From Dr. Williams The short answer to your question is that there is no direct evidence...

Oceanography: ??, food web dynamics, lead pollution
food web dynamics, lead pollution, small quantities: Hi Jessie Lead pollution is so harmful to our oceans because it is bioaccumulated and biomagnified (when a chemical becomes concentrated up the food chain) in organisms. For example: A heavy metal like Lead can be taken up by say deposit or filter feeders...

Oceanography: WHAT SHOULD i DO?, bls gov, animal behavior college
bls gov, animal behavior college, marine mammals: I don’t know much about this field. I know a few people who have work in this kind of job and I believe you need a background in biology or zoology, with maybe a focus in the area you are interested in such as marine mammals. I will say that this is going...

The Odd Couple: did Jack Klugman`s real life..., jack klugman, brett somers
jack klugman, brett somers, wife blanche: Yes, Jack Klugman s wife did have a recurring role on the show. Her name is/was Brett Somers, but when she was on the Odd Couple she was credited as Brett Somers-Klugman. She played Oscar s (Jack Klugman) ex-wife Blanche. Jack Klugman s son was also in...