About Experts Sitemap - Group 39 - Page 17 2016-05-03

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: POWER CUT OFF SAWS, face shields, metal flakes
face shields, metal flakes, safety glasses: From your wording of your question, I must assume the saws are used to cut metal. If that is so, I recommend face shields be worn by the operators. The area in which the saws are being used should be barricaded off using yellow or red plastic tape, or other...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Power Plant, potassium iodide, nuclear power plant
potassium iodide, nuclear power plant, time dick: Dan, I m in the identical boat - about ten miles away from the Pilgrim Nuclear Power Plant and directly downwind! In fact most of Cape Cod is in the direct line of fire should there be a plume. Our local officials are going through the same discussions...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: PPE and Shift Change, cnc machine shop, osha rule
cnc machine shop, osha rule, safety glasses: I have no specific OSHA rule for you in mind But under best management pratices I would suggesy that the eye wre be worn as you leave the work space. You have the hazard recognized when you tell me the work is still on-going and the hazard exist. So you must...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Prolonged work in Tunnels, motor vehicle exhaust, ed webb
motor vehicle exhaust, ed webb, john wolfe: Ed Webb You about have it covered with the exception that you employer should be able to provide you with a more indepth understanding as to the hazard you face in your workplace. The employer may wish to bring in an Industrial hygienest to take air samples...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: pesticides used in citrus fields early 60's, expert legal advice, occupational safety and health
expert legal advice, occupational safety and health, abanet: This goes far beyond the fields normal to gereral occupational safety and health. I would suggest you start by getting some expert legal advice. One possible would be the web site for the American Bar Association (http://www.abanet.org/) and selecting from...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: ppe, rotating machinery, exception to the rule
rotating machinery, exception to the rule, sleeve shirts: Yes they should, provided they are not baggy and/or left open at the wrists. Long sleeves provide additional protection from other potential dangers. The exception to the rule is if the manufacturer of the machine recommends against long sleeves, but frankly,...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: My problem is that a company..., michigian, bad publicity
michigian, bad publicity, dot area: Stephen Hesse My experience with this type of a problem allows us to to look at a large overview of several different federal laws. Osha states we must all have Hazcom training within that training were requried to adress just how we dispose of waste materials,...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: procedure to perform accident investigation investigatio, state osha program, excellent starting point
state osha program, excellent starting point, accident investigation: Subject: Procedure to perform accident investigation Question: Can you walk me through the proper procedure on how to conduct an accident investigation in a workplace? I am new to safety but if I will be informed that an accident has occurred. What am...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Q Fever, n95 mask, q fever
n95 mask, q fever, tick bites: Hi Kemper, Firstly, Q fever is bacterial, not viral. It is from the family Rickettsia, more specifically Coxiella burneti. It is most often transmitted through tick bites. Farm workers and those who work in slaughterhouses have a higher risk of this contagion...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Two questions, nuclear power plants, ozone o3
nuclear power plants, ozone o3, nuclear power plant: Hi! I can help you with the first, but am not sure of the second question. Carbon dioxide(CO2) does not contribute to ozone depletion. CO2 is a green house gas which means it helps trap heat, preventing it from radiating into space. This results in a...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Recordable incident rate, tina b, recordable injuries
tina b, recordable injuries, overtime hours: Subject – Recordable Injury Rate Question: I found your answer about what it is. Now I need to know how to create one for employment purposes. I work for a specialty contractor who wants to add a company to his list. But he has to have a RIR before he can....

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: radon, gene p53, cement foundation
gene p53, cement foundation, genetic predisposition: Hello, Dick. Remember the statistician who drowned in a river that s an average of 2 feet deep? Statewide MA is 2.8, the US is 1.3, and regions of MA are well above 4. Averages mean nothing. The EPA guideline ( Action Level ) of 4 picoCuries per liter...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: rainwater collection from asphalt roof, rainwater collection system, petroleum contaminants
rainwater collection system, petroleum contaminants, asphalt shingles: Hello Jan - Rainwater collection seems to be a popular topic. I have had several people ask the same question recently. I checked with several plant scientists, and the answer was that there should not be any problems with vegetables watered with normal...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: rainwater collection, asphalt shingle roof, rainwater collection
asphalt shingle roof, rainwater collection, asphalt roof: Apologies for not replying sooner, Yvonne, I get so much junk mail in a day that sometimes legitimate messages get mixed up in the spam – only to surface when I periodically clean up my inbox. I would not expect there to be a problem watering a garden...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: rainwater harvesting combined with a slow sand filter, asphalt shingle roofs, rainwater harvesting system
asphalt shingle roofs, rainwater harvesting system, slow sand filter: Hi David - The only way to really know for certain about any chemical contribution to your water from the shingles would be to test for petroleum. All of the information I have read indicates that asphalt shingle roofs are not recommended for water catchment...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: recordkeeping, osha recordkeeping, investigation process
osha recordkeeping, investigation process, safety professionals: Subject: Recordkeeping Question: My question is about OSHA recordkeeping. If through our Co. s accident investigation process we can find no witnesses to the accident is it recordable? (The job is very congested with over 400 workers its very hard for...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: requirements for treatment centers, first aid kit, emergency medical equipment
first aid kit, emergency medical equipment, government requirement: Hi Justin, Your question is too broad to answer at this point. Additionally, I would need to know what kind of treatment center it is. If it is a treatment center, I m assuming it is some type of medical facility. A hospital or medical facility should...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: rodon gas, mitigation contractors, fanily
mitigation contractors, fanily, basement floors: Yes 40 is very high. Is the 40 in the living space or basement only? There are ways to reduce the levels, e.g. ventilation, mitigation systems, etc... check with your local health dept. or NYS DOH, Dept. of Energy - they will have some info and a list...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: roof material for use with cistern, rainwater catchment, rainwater collection
rainwater catchment, rainwater collection, roofing material: Apologies for not getting back to you sooner, Ron. I was out of town last week, and my Internet connection has been down most of the time since I returned. It seems to be working well enough today to get this note off to you, though. From what I have...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: SAFETY CERTIFICATIONS, chmm certification, us army corp
chmm certification, us army corp, army corp of engineers: There is an abundance of certifications in the safety field. However nothing replaces solid technical foundation as it applies to this very comprehensive and complex area. The two most prominent,and in my opinion important certifications are the CSP,certified...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Safe environment for daycare workers, bloodbourne pathogens, first aid kit
bloodbourne pathogens, first aid kit, protective gloves: Regarding the inquiry relating to protective gloves for day care workers OSHA s Bloodbourne pathogens std applies. Gloves selected for use must withstand the service need and not fail in use. Employers are required to select the appropriate glove which will...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Sensors for Industrial Measurements, laser sensing technology, sampling instrumentation
laser sensing technology, sampling instrumentation, industrial measurements: Richard, We use a wide variety of sampling instrumentation in our professional practice. The greatest frustration is reliability especially relating to sensor decay, self life, battery life , on the shelf self maintenance ( pick it up and go in an emergency...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Slip & fall accident, proper medical treatment, worker comp
proper medical treatment, worker comp, slip and fall: Subject: Slip & fall accident Question: I was wondering if you might be able to give me some pointers on how to resolve an issue I m having with my employer. Just over two months ago I fell off of forklift that was still properly mounted on the rear of...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Soft Water System, calcium magnesium, softened water
calcium magnesium, softened water, soft water: Hard water, as you may already know, does not pose a health risk, but depending on the level of hardness it’s rather a nuisance because of mineral buildup in pipes and on surfaces, reduced effectiveness of soap, spotting/staining, potential reduced efficiency...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Specification of PPE, al furat, procurement engineer
al furat, procurement engineer, damascus syria: Al I would sugest ANSI as a standard I spent 18 mos in Russia on oil related work and wrote into the bid Documents that they must meet ANSI American National Standards of Inspection. As to templetes, No, But I would suggest you consider the use of Job Safety...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Spray Can Pressure, propane butane, aerosol cans
propane butane, aerosol cans, atmosphere pressure: Ed, It depends upon the identity of the propellant. Many aerosol cans use a propane/butane mixture as the propellant. This flammable hydrocarbon mixture is added as a liquid under pressure. A pressurized liquid has about the same pressure every time,...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Stagnant water in sprinkler system, human sewage, preschool classrooms
human sewage, preschool classrooms, roof leak: There is no comparison between the two waters. Sewage is heavily loaded with bacteria with very specific types that can harm people. Your sprinkler system, if it has bacteria, it will be more like would be found where a wall in a house has had the roof leak...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Strain Syndrom, shoulder strain, repetitive motion
shoulder strain, repetitive motion, computer mouse: I have not heard of Strain Syndrone. However, people who use computer daily sometimes suffer from Repetitive Motion Trauma to their wrists. Actually, any person who performs a repetitive motion often enough and frequently enough can suffer from RMT. Basically,...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: safety issues, 55 gallon drums, osha office
55 gallon drums, osha office, climate control: Sam, First things first...go to www.OSHA.gov and find your local OSHA office and contact them regarding your employers behavior regarding the threats to fire workers if they allow a regualtory agency upstairs to see the chemicals. This behavior tells me...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: How sanitary is the mop?, mop head, housekeeping services
mop head, housekeeping services, cross contamination: Hi Francyn, I certainly appreciate your concerns! But, I think I have an easy solution for you. Simply ask your housekeeper to change out the mop head when he/she comes to clean your house. You can also ask that they put a clean bag in the vacuum if they...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: sick at work, material safety data, material safety data sheet
material safety data, material safety data sheet, safety data sheet: Shauna, That is a loaded questions; in that it all depends on what they are using to strip the floors with and if the floors contain any asbestos. You need to ask the workers to see a Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) for the material they are using to...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: back support belts, stacking firewood, pipe fitter
stacking firewood, pipe fitter, personal protective equipment: Subject: back support belt Question: I work at Home Depot and am required to wear a back support belt 8 hours a day...in the last few years I have developed some back, hip and leg problems. I am wondering if there has been any research or studies done on...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: sweat bands or do-rags under hard hats, osha regulations, hard hats
osha regulations, hard hats, sweat bands: Janie, It would probably be considered a technical violation of the OSHA regulations. This means that it would not be cited by an inspector because the worker is safer with the bandana keeping sweat out of their eyes. Hard Hats are designed to be worn...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Toxic landfill, toxic organic compounds, water fountains
toxic organic compounds, water fountains, heavy metals: You have asked questions, that without much more detail and research, I can not answer. From your posting, I would guess the state or EPA is involved. Those are good sources to go to for information, since they will have data I could only guess about. I...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Toxic mold, mark briggs, air sampling
mark briggs, air sampling, industrial hygiene: Mr. Ganzer, I m sorry, but I know little about molds. I would suggest that you contact someone with considerable experience in dealing specifically with molds, and who has completed comprehensive air sampling for molds and toxins. Your best bet would likely...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Trailers, reefer trailers, prcs
reefer trailers, prcs, reefer trailer: First I would not say there is nothing to worry about, but this would not meet the definition of a CS or a PRCS for the following reasons. A space must meet ALL three of the following characteristics: 1) limited means of egress, 2) large enough and so configured...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Training, chemical business, business job
chemical business, business job, specific training: OSHA has many annual training requirements that must be looked at yearly for sure if your in the chemical business as well as in most general industry types of business. Job specific training may not have any required direct training unless there has been...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: tritium gas, ernest orlando lawrence, ernest orlando lawrence berkeley national laboratory
ernest orlando lawrence, ernest orlando lawrence berkeley national laboratory, lawrence berkeley national laboratory: Dear Dr. Eran Eilat: First, my occupational health and safety experience has been from the standard-setting side, not the lawsuit/litigation side, so I am personally unaware of lawsuits from employees exposed to tritium gas, though there certainly may have...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Unsanitary health-care conditions, local health department, osha office
local health department, osha office, better business bureau: Brittney, By all means you should contact your local health department and notify them of this office! I would also notify your local OSHA office as well. OSHA may or may not do anything, but this office is under their jurisdiction, it just depends on...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: use of galvanized materials, harmful contaminants, galvanized materials
harmful contaminants, galvanized materials, cheese cloth: Interesting question, Clifford, and as you point out, the query is not exactly in my area of expertise. Sorry it took so long to reply, but it took awhile to figure out how to reply. I will provide some ideas based on my related knowledge and some references...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: use of lysol aerosol in office, bathroom odors, safety officer
bathroom odors, safety officer, aerosol: Peggy Jo, There really isn t a criteria that makes a product OSHA compliant. Even if there was, it would not protect a person who is highly allergic to a product. You took the correct action to protect the employee after you learned of the problem. I...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Water catchment /wood heat, activated carbon filters, water treatment companies
activated carbon filters, water treatment companies, gal tanks: Most of my experience is in treatment of municipal water, but the same general principals apply to treating water from any source. Activated carbon is the recommended treatment for reducing organic contaminants which cause taste and odor problems. It is...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Water mister at work, water misters, antibiotics for pneumonia
water misters, antibiotics for pneumonia, sister cindy: Dear Ralphine, I m sorry your sister is ill and I hope she is better soon. First, let me say that I am not a medical doctor and this is not offered as medical advice. From what you have described, it seems to me that it is unlikely your sister s health...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Water supplier issue, potable water supply, bureau of reclamation
potable water supply, bureau of reclamation, osha regulations: Hi Steven - Sorry for the delay in getting back to you, I get so much junk mail every day that occasionally important messages get buried for a time. My expertise is with various water treatment methods rather than with contract issues or logistics of...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Weight Lifting Limits, national institute for occupational safety, occupational safety and health
national institute for occupational safety, occupational safety and health, industrial eng: Subject: Weight Lifting Limits Question: What is the current weight allowed to be lifted by one person without machinery, just muscle? Answer: I know you would like a specific number of pounds as the answer. However, that does not exist for most situations....

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Welding Galvanized steel, welding galvanized steel, certified industrial hygienist
welding galvanized steel, certified industrial hygienist, proper ventilation: Subject: Welding Galvanized steel Question: What are some of the risks and symptoms associated with welding on galvanized steel without a respirator and proper ventilation? My fiancée was welding for about six months, welding on galvanized off and on and...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: Whales mercury, fossil fuel emissions, mercury sources
fossil fuel emissions, mercury sources, mercury amalgams: For such arguments, just stick with provide me a copy of the refereed scientific journal reference. If they can t or will not, call there argument at best conjecture. I would have no doubt that someone suggested this on some website. Anytime fertility...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: WORK AS A ROOFER WITH HOT..., vero beach florida, osha law
vero beach florida, osha law, roofing work: Tim; Sorry for the delay in responding. Was called out of the country on business on short notice. Florida is a federal regulated state as far as OSHA goes. You need to call the area office in Tampa and make notice of your concerns if the emplyer has...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: WOSSIT, tillamook oregon, wind storm
tillamook oregon, wind storm, michael brown: First - I am very sorry for the delay. We had a wind storm here in Tillamook, Oregon. I have been without power and internet service until this morning. Now for the question - I do not recognize the term WOSSIT and can not find a reference to it on the...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: waste, environmental management systems, environmental management system
environmental management systems, environmental management system, michigian: Dear Mr. Hessef: My area of specialty is environmental management systems, not regulatory issues; however, I can make a few suggestions from a management point of view. You don t mention whether this company you do business with is a customer or a supplier...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: waste, bad publicity, pr person
bad publicity, pr person, professional manner: First I like to comment that chances are you probably won t be brought into the spot lights. How you proceed now is really based on the relationship between your company and the suspected firm - are they your vendor or you their vendor. If they are a...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: water in a paper cup, biology class, www physics
biology class, www physics, paper doesn: This is one of the demonstrations that dramatically illustrates some of the unique characteristics of water that make life (as we know it) possible on earth. Your teacher has probably also described the other characteristics discussed in this link. http://waterontheweb.org/curricula/bs/student/water/unique.html...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: water purity in our school, water quality guidelines, state water quality
water quality guidelines, state water quality, water purity: Hello Jonathan - I hope your project is not due tomorrow, because the excellent questions you have asked will take some research and thought to answer properly. I can provide you with a number of references and general information that you will need to...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: water, inorganic minerals, rotten eggs
inorganic minerals, rotten eggs, sodium chloride: Hi Dawn - You might want to take a look at the web site I maintain to provide information about drinking water to get a more complete picture of the issue. http://www.cyber-nook.com/water/ Unfortunately it is impossible to diagnose a water problem with...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: well water woes..., water woes, deline
water woes, deline, water specialist: Hi Mike - Sorry it took a while to reply, but I never received (or saw) a previous message indicating that I had a question waiting. I am not a lawyer, and my expertise is in treating municipal water, which is a whole different ball game than the problems...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: What is...., motor vehicle safety, program element
motor vehicle safety, program element, radiation safety: Question: Could you tell me what the program is....a mean the hse program...is it what enables you as a safety director carry on all aspects of safety in the workplace? thank you Answer: First I’m not sure I understand the question so my response...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: What is...., safety culture, safety activities
safety culture, safety activities, safety in the workplace: Thank you for the question. This is a very long topic, but I will try to give you an abbreviated answer. A quality safety program is a safety culture that starts with the top management and works it s way down the chain of command. A written program is a...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: zero risk workplace, zero risk, qustion
zero risk, qustion, safety efforts: Thank you for the question. The short answer is yes. The path to get to that is long and tortureous, for some companies. It begins with the safety attitude at the very top, that safety is a core value of the comany. Upper management MUST set the example....

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: zero risk workplace, occupational health and safety, zero risk
occupational health and safety, zero risk, qustion: Ronnie, I ll have to figure something out to get my listing changed. I keep getting Occupational Health and Safety questions, but I am an asbestos expert which is a very small niche in the OSHA world. I do have background in safety training and I think...

Occupational (OSHA) and Environmental Hazards: zero risk workplace, meteor impacts, honest politicians
meteor impacts, honest politicians, zero risk: Subject: Zero Risk Workplace Question: I m an occupational health an safety student and my question is do you think that a zero-risk workplace is attainable? Answer: Ronnie - Absolutely Not! (Unless you remove humans and all human influences!) What...

Oceanography: I have about 20 questions on the humpback whales?, humpback whales, humpback whale
humpback whales, humpback whale, harmful parasites: I can answer some of your questions, but not all of them. The area of Oceanography actually has NOTHING to do with the ANIMALS themselves, other than how they affect the water and vice versa. The person to talk to about the animals would be a Marine Biologist....

Oceanography: Oceanography, thermohaline currents, homogenic
thermohaline currents, homogenic, world ocean: The time it takes for the whole ocean to mix itself by the forces of the thermohaline currents (gulf stream etc.) is about 1000yrs depending upon the numbers used in calculations and the error values, not quite the millions of years you were expecting. Although...

Oceanography: Question on Oceanography, abyssal plain, valley glaciers
abyssal plain, valley glaciers, abyssal hill: This seems like a homework question. try looking them up on the internet, using a bit of common sense, for example question 1, it is not a slope as that is a slow change in height, nor is it a plane as that is flat, a hill woud imply something going up,...

Oceanography: Sea Anenomie, sea anenomie, blue damsels
sea anenomie, blue damsels, coral fish: Given the right nutrients and environment yes the anenome should regrow its tentacles. Before you do a water change it is worth checking the nutrient content and other chemicals in there too see if there is a problem there. I am not an expert on keeping fish...

Oceanography: submersibles, manned submersibles, extreme pressure
manned submersibles, extreme pressure, rov: lots has been happening in the world of ROV s (remotely operated vehicles) that i can see at university. not only are they becoming better, more versatile, able to collect more data and recently a submersible called autoSUB (worth looking up) has been surveying...

Oceanography: zooplankton, types of fish, deep ocean
types of fish, deep ocean, wgbh: I can help a lot with Zooplankton as i have studied it quite a lot, spook fish (comes up with 2 types of fish, barell eye fish and chimeras) i have never heard of but could find out just ask me and as for deep sea websites this one i found is pretty good :...

Oceanography: Big Great White Shark vs Big Killer Whale, shark, orca
shark, orca, whale: Both great white sharks and killer whales both attack seals, with great white sharks also often attacking creatures and objects greater than themselves. The great white shark is found in warm waters, with large numbers being spotted off the south coast...

Oceanography: Big Great White Shark vs Big Killer Whale, killer whale, great white shark
Oceanography: Big Great White Shark vs Big Killer Whale, killer whale, great white shark, marine mammals

Oceanography: Hourglass Dolphin, extreme weather conditions, hourglass dolphin
extreme weather conditions, hourglass dolphin, extremeties: These dolphins are not very well documented but as far as I am aware, their anatomy focusses on the fact that they are very small (in terms of dolphins) and stout, keeping the heat concentrated within their thick midriff area. They have a lot of blubber underneath...

Oceanography: hydrobiology, light intensity, algal blooms
light intensity, algal blooms, water molecules: Hi, different water has different properties which affect light intensity. High mineral concentrations and algal blooms are the two factors that will affect light intensity the most. The highest light intensity will be at the very surface of dirty water...

Oceanography: Maco & Blue sharks eating Swordfish, shortfin mako shark, maco shark
shortfin mako shark, maco shark, water sharks: The shortfin mako shark is one of the rare sea creatures big enough and fast enough to chase down and kill an adult swordfish, but they don t always win. Sometimes in the struggle with a shark a swordfish can kill it by ramming it in the gills or belly. ...

Oceanography: POLAR BEARS!, arctic sea ice, national wildlife federation
arctic sea ice, national wildlife federation, polar bears habitat: Hi, the polar regions of our planet, the North and South poles are covered with large amounts of ice. They are called the polar ice caps. The ice in Antarctica is attached to land underneath, whereas the ice at the North pole is floating, with nothing...

Oceanography: Question about aquatic life, zebra mussels, filter feeders
zebra mussels, filter feeders, naegleria species: Hi, Naegleria fowleri normally lives in soil or relatively warm water, they have even been found in hot springs, whereas Zebra mussels are native to Russia, which is drastically less warm. Trying to find a happy medium of water temperature would be very...

Oceanography: OCEANS/SALT, whale, dolphins
Oceanography: OCEANS/SALT, whale, dolphins, oceans

Oceanography: OCEANS/SALT, arctic oceans, boiling point of water
arctic oceans, boiling point of water, earth scientists: All water, even rain water, contains dissolved chemicals which scientists call salts. But not all water tastes salty. Water is fresh or salty according to individual judgment, and in making this decision man is more convinced by his sense of taste than by...

Oceanography: Antarctica, whale sanctuary, whaling industry
whale sanctuary, whaling industry, law enforcers: hello, a sanctuary is a part of the ocean where the whales or any animals are left free and undisturbed. these sanctuaries are protected by law and violators are arrested. in the prohibitions, it may include no trespassing or even swimming inside the sanctuary...

Oceanography: coral reefs, coral reefs, calcium carbonate
coral reefs, calcium carbonate, waves crash: 1. Coral reefs are actually the skeleton of the coral animals or cnidarians. They are made of calcium carbonate.If you look into a piece of a dead coral in the beach, you ll find holes in it. These holes, known as polyps, used to have microscopic animals that...

Oceanography: holes in the front of shells
Oceanography: holes in the front of shells

Oceanography: holes in the front of shells, little hole, mollusks
little hole, mollusks, shells: hello, mollusks and gastropods usually shed its shells from time to time. this is because they grow larger that their shells. the holes could be the animal s exit to look for another shell to live in. i think that part of the shell is the softest part...

Oceanography: Aquaculture, abalones, feasibility study
abalones, feasibility study, mangrove areas: hello, 1) What are the steps taken to manage and produce aquaculture? First, you have to have a feasibility study on what type of aquaculture you like to venture into: fishponds, tanks, openwater (freshwater or marine). Also what are the species you d...

Oceanography: Bioluminesence, marine predators, bioluminescence
marine predators, bioluminescence, seawater: if you try to disturb the seawater at night, you can actually see something twinkling: those are planktonic animals with bioluminescence. only a few large marine predators have this ability and a great white is not part of it. if it is daytime and the water...

Oceanography: Blue Whales, baby whale, blue whale
baby whale, blue whale, blue whales: hello, an adult blue whale weighs about 172 metric tonnes (190 short tons)or more in weight, and as far as i know, a baby whale is a third of its mother s size but i don t know how much it can weigh... they are indeed the biggest animal on earth.....

Oceanography: bodies of water, brown rocks, river bottoms
brown rocks, river bottoms, freshwaters: hello, the color is based on the amount of sunlight it absorbs. the deeper part of the ocean is deep blue in color because it absorbs that amount of color. freshwaters like river and lakes based their color in their substrates of river bottoms. it the...

Oceanography: What are the great barrier reef's unique landform features?, parents
Oceanography: What are the great barrier reef's unique landform features?, parents

Oceanography: What are the great barrier reef's unique landform features?, great barrier reef, coral reefs
great barrier reef, coral reefs, coral reef: hello, the extent of its coral reef alone is already a unique feature of the island. the islands within the reef are dead coral reefs (known as coralline rock islands) that was exposed during the melting of the ice age. it is now a focus of the climate...

Oceanography: Marine Biology question, becoming a marine biologist, marine biology courses
becoming a marine biologist, marine biology courses, marine botany: hello again, marine biology is just a branch of biology while environmental science covers all the courses you mentioned... you can take biology course and just specialize in marine biology if you can or just take environmental science. living away...

Oceanography: "Pure" water?, microscopic organisms, trace minerals
microscopic organisms, trace minerals, chemical engineer: hello, according to my cousin, who is a chemical engineer, a purified water contains the least amount of other trace elements. He said that Wilkins purified water is one of them. in fact, he said that some laboratories, particularly in school, use wilkins...

Oceanography: Question, domestic wastes, skin diseases
domestic wastes, skin diseases, water pollution: hello, water pollution definitely causes a lot of diseases. it can cause skin diseases like itchiness and rashes. i had an assessment of a nearby beach, where domestic wastes are pretty much everywhere, and i felt itchy and sticky for a day. i remember...

Oceanography: question, pesticide containers, devil and the angel
pesticide containers, devil and the angel, household hazardous waste: hello, good question. Municipal solid waste (msw) is human s greatest contribution to water pollution. There are five broad categories of MSW: 1. Biodegradable waste: food and kitchen waste, green waste, paper (can also be recycled). 2. Recyclable...

Oceanography: Sponges!, animal diversity, arms and legs
animal diversity, arms and legs, porifera: hello, they are one of the most primitive and simplest animals on earth that s why they don t move and have no arms and legs... their skeleton, which is the one we usually see and touch is anchored through what we call basal lamina. these are fibrous...

Oceanography: Marine biology, coastal resource management, marine biologist
coastal resource management, marine biologist, marine biology: hello, what your friend said about the math is true. I ve also done algebra, physics, trigonometry, statistics and all college math but i only use a handful of it. math comes when you are researching something new and needs to present a solid fact....

Oceanography: sea turtles, sea turtles, small fishes
sea turtles, small fishes, jellyfish: hello, i m not quite sure what you mean but if you want to know more about the threats of sea turtles, it is pollution and humans. sea turtles usually eat jellyfish, seaweed or small fishes. they sometimes accidentally eat floating plastics as jellyfish...

Oceanography: water pollution, cause of water pollution, tree seedling
cause of water pollution, tree seedling, mature fish: 1. What had happen and who is affected by water pollution ? human activity is the main cause of water pollution. Nature as a whole is greatly affected by this to the extent that she could not sustain that much as before. 2. Is the water conservation something...

Oceanography: The "Galano" shark of Cuba, lemon shark, lemon fish
Oceanography: The "Galano" shark of Cuba, lemon shark, lemon fish, shovel

Oceanography: The "Galano" shark of Cuba, reading hemingway, lemon shark
reading hemingway, lemon shark, guitarfish: hello, when it comes to local names, i prefer not to rely on them when it comes to identifying the species. Galano shark MAY be all of them, depending on the place. Locals usually name these animals through its shadow or because others call it that name....

Oceanography: RE: Marine Biology career, marine biology course, biology career
marine biology course, biology career, oxford college: hello sam, we re PADI buddies! hats off for your efforts in protecting our oceans from overfishing... i think your plan is practical and budget-friendly since it s an online course. online courses suits fine with students who are initiative and independent....

Oceanography: fish, dolphins and whales, fish scales
dolphins and whales, fish scales, hello fish: hello, fish scales are their skin . they are made that way to have less friction with the current and so they can swim smoothly. it also protects their body from infection and parasites.. sharks have scales. they are triangular in shape, a saw-like...

Oceanography: sharks, reef sharks, swimming with sharks
reef sharks, swimming with sharks, shark species: hello, shark attacks usually depends if you are in their territory or if they are provoked or intimidated. also, it depends on which shark species you are referring to. sharks like the tigers and great whites usually attack if they think what they see is...

Oceanography: Coral identification, coral fragments, coral colonies
coral fragments, coral colonies, coral identification: Thanks Dawn From this additional information I would say that these are almost certainly coral fragments, probably from the Indo-Pacific region based upon the original collector s military service and the size of the darker pieces. Corals grow in layers,...

Oceanography: Marine Biology, marine biologist jobs, ocean habitats
marine biologist jobs, ocean habitats, manned submersibles: Sure. To me, the most helpful thing would be to try to work through the United Nations to get each member countries to set aside a fair-sized portion of their marine environment as a strict research zone where no fishing, recreational scuba diving, dumping,...

Oceanography: crustaceans, marine biology class, geophysical forces
marine biology class, geophysical forces, coastal ecosystems: Hi It is difficult to summarize how any particular group of animals has (individually) affected the biosphere, because the term biosphere includes all life on the planet and the geophysical forces that shape the environment and support all life. I...

Oceanography: Fishing, destruction of coral reefs, zero population growth
destruction of coral reefs, zero population growth, ecosystem decline: Hi Nick It may surprise you, but I believe this one actually quite easy to mount a credible debate against the hypothesis that The best way to save (endangered oceanic ecosystems) is to create very large international no fishing zones . The idea that...

Oceanography: High School Education, marine biology program, marine biologists
marine biology program, marine biologists, high school education: Hi Briana While still in high school, it would be best to concentrate on those classes that will give you the best shot at getting into a college with a good marine biology program. There are a number of such schools with undergraduate programs in marine...

Oceanography: my idea for my science project, exsist, science project
exsist, science project, spines: Tim Such a device does not exist. However, I do not think it would be possible to actually create such an instrument. You could possibly design a laser-based instrument that could tell you the size of a fish, and use a built-in computer program to...

Oceanography: oceans, international hydrographic organization, five oceans
international hydrographic organization, five oceans, southern portions: Hi Phil There are five internationally recognized divisions of the Earth s ocean, which in reality is a single interconnected body of water. Thus, most people would say there are actually five oceans. They are the Pacific, Arctic, Indian, Atlantic,...

Oceanography: BEACHING (STRANDING) OF WHALES, whale behaviour, marine mammals
whale behaviour, marine mammals, concrete research: hello, though experts have ruled so many theories about strandings, another theory would be the chemical content of the ocean due to water pollution or simply being lost... as long as there are no concrete research on whale behaviour, we ll never know...

Oceanography: Interview for College Research Paper, balanced ecosystem, marine biologist
balanced ecosystem, marine biologist, reef shark: 1. Do you think people should fear shark attacks while at the ocean? - not really. but be cautious if you are in a shark-infested area.. ask around what shark species are present and if there are any known attacks then ask local experts on how to avoid...

Oceanography: Marine Pollution, marine pollution, animal group
marine pollution, animal group, marine animals: 1. we invade the marine environment as if it is solely ours (reclamation of shorelines and converting it into subdivisions and housing projects) 2. we dump most of our waste in the sea (toxic waster from sewage and from big factories) 3. individually, to...

Oceanography: melting of ice, greenhouse gases, carbon emissions
greenhouse gases, carbon emissions, culprits: the heat from the greenhouse gases... these gases traps the heat, instead of expelling heat to space, they bounce back to Earth thus making the planet hotter.. carbon emissions also contribute a lot in the increasing temperature which effects the melting of...

Oceanography: I WANNA KNOW, warm climate, pacific ocean
warm climate, pacific ocean, marine parks: hello, yes he can...aquariums, oceanariums and marine parks are examples of these living, breathing, thriving ocean-like environment with marine life.. however, if you mean the real one, that is as big as the Pacific Ocean and is self-sustaining, the...

Oceanography: Whaling, slow painful death, commercial whaling
slow painful death, commercial whaling, whale meat: hello, like you, i am an animal lover at heart and seeing bloody whaling scenes infuriates me. there maybe are some legal basis why president obama is considering the lift but i hope it would remain that way. his goal of reducing the whaling is not the...

Oceanography: unknown fish/creature, faro portugal, type of mollusk
faro portugal, type of mollusk, sea hare: Hi Louise What you saw appears to be a type of mollusk known popularly known as a sea hare . The actual species name is Aplysia fasciata. Most of these animals live on or near the bottom of the sea, but they are also occasionally observed (as you did)...

Oceanography: Cowrie shells on beaches, cowrie shells, ecological reasons
cowrie shells, ecological reasons, offshore environment: Most likely you are correct in your assumption regarding where you do, or do not, find these shells. Beaches are generally composed mainly of similar size/weight fragments because of typical prevailing wave action, which does the sorting. However,...

Oceanography: What is this that I found in the Ocean?, vertebrate biologist, bone fragment
vertebrate biologist, bone fragment, tinypic: I am afraid I really can t tell what that is from the photos. It looks to me (from the photos) to be of biological origin and perhaps fossilized, but badly worn down by time and abrasion of waves and sand. Perhaps it is a a bone fragment, but what bone or...

Oceanography: nantucket, nantucket island, bait and tackle
nantucket island, bait and tackle, tackle shops: Hi Jeff I am not much of a fisherman, and only locals provide reliable advice on what and how to catch in any particular area. My advice would be to visit a few local bait and tackle shops and ask the counter person. They will likely have far more useful...

Oceanography: rip tides, rip tides, small waves
rip tides, small waves, county beaches: Hi Joyce Considering our conversation it total, my best advice to you would be to confine your ocean swimming to beaches that have lifeguards on duty in towers , which most popular state and county beaches have. Throughout the USA, these lifeguards...

Oceanography: rip tides, longshore currents, rip tides
longshore currents, rip tides, rip tide: Joyce I know how scary it is. But I also know I did a few things wrong. For one, I went out alone (who knew about the buddy system in 1959?). Second (and worst) mistake, I did not take the time to carefully study the wave patterns on that day BEFORE...

Oceanography: Can I become a marine Biologist, marine biologist, physics courses
marine biologist, physics courses, professional answer: Katie If its Vancouver you want, then UBC is your best bet. The Department of Zoology at the University of British Columbia has a broad array of research programs in marine, aquatic, and fisheries biology. These research areas are strengthened by our...

Oceanography: Cant identify a fish caught in Cape Cod, Ma, juvenile fishes, vertical stripes
juvenile fishes, vertical stripes, baby shark: Hi Mike What you have there is a young (juvenile) species of Ecehneis, most likely the live sharksucker (Echeneis naucrates)although not possible to be sure from photo alone. Many juvenile fishes take on different colors as adults. These commonly drift...

Oceanography: Sea monsters, book of sea monsters, google
book of sea monsters, google, amazon: Hi Amber I have not had much better luck than you in finding the resource you seek. The most promising thing I found is a book called Book of Sea Monsters by Bob Eggleton. You can find it on Amazon.com It looks to be the closest to what I think...

Oceanography: Sea Shell Identification, sea shell, midday
sea shell, midday, shells: Hi Carol Wish I could help but from the photo I can t see that much. Perhaps if you could take a close up photo under natural light I could help. The very light color of the object reflects so much light that detail is obscured. Suggest you shoot around...

Oceanography: Species name?, correct species name, scorpion fish
correct species name, scorpion fish, homework question: The answer is - both are correct. I believe the fish you are asking about is the lionfish. Check the article with photos I wrote at this address: http://www.associatedcontent.com/article/5951168/the_great_caribbean_lionfish_invasion.html The lionfish...

Oceanography: How do I start???, work colleges, geological oceanographer
work colleges, geological oceanographer, federal laboratories: Hi Faith You would need to find a place in your area where some professional oceanographers work - colleges, museums, state or federal laboratories, etc. Then, make an appointment to meet with them if they are willing and have an interview - explain what...

Oceanography: Chemical biological adaptation in ocean rifts, science fiction writer, sci fi novel
science fiction writer, sci fi novel, biological adaptation: Hi First, good luck with your sci-fi novel - I am a long-time fan of the genre. As to your question, the answer is not simple, but for your purposes I think it would be enough to base your hypothetical creatures on the assumption that they are speciaized...

Oceanography: cuban ichthyologists, fish systematics, fish biologist
fish systematics, fish biologist, caribbean fish: Hi Bill You must have graduated the same semester that I arrived at UCSB. As for the Cuban question, I never got the chance to work there, so I know virtually nothing about the system. A friend and colleague you might want to contact who I believe would...

Oceanography: Diodon and Darwin, digestive juices, diodon
digestive juices, diodon, fish story: I totally agree - sounds like old Forres was smoking something strange. The mouth of Diodon is adapted to capturing and crushing small invertebrates and such - not for slicing or tearing through stomach tissues, muscles, and/or sharkskin. Even if it...

Oceanography: Marine bio colleges/labs, coral reefs, coral reef
coral reefs, coral reef, marine biology: Hi Talon Sounds like you know what you want to do. I know of several good marine biology undergrad programs in the southeastern US. In Florida, you should check out Nova University (near Miami) and Florida Tech (Melbourne). In South Carolina, a very...

Oceanography: Biological oceanographer, biological oceanographers, biological oceanography
biological oceanographers, biological oceanography, ecosystem function: Since you seem to like working outdoors and ecology, I would recommend that you pursue a degree in Maine Biology. Biological oceanographers are usually focused on the physical and chemical processes of the ocean that make it a suitable place for life, whereas...

Oceanography: Movement of sea water, water molecules, utter nonsense
water molecules, utter nonsense, legs and feet: Hi David Re: if they jumped out of a helicopter into the ocean, higher than 15 feet up, they would hit the top of the ocean like it was made of steel. You would shatter your legs and feet upon impact. Utter nonsense if the helicopter was merely hovering....

Oceanography: Starry Flounder Air pocket, reef tank, fish diseases
reef tank, fish diseases, best guess: Hi Cheryl I am not an expert on aquarium issues or fish diseases. However, an excellent resource on such information can be found at the web site of The Reef Tank, which has a very large membership and many helpful people who can likely provide you with...

Oceanography: Biology and Oceanography Degree, oceanography degree, graduate degree program
oceanography degree, graduate degree program, biological oceanography: Hi Natasha I don t think the program you describe is too narrow at all - you could pursue any of a number of careers in the broad areas of marine biology or biological oceanography, or pursue a graduate degree program in other areas of biology or oceanography...

Oceanography: cuban reef fish, google image search, holguin cuba
google image search, holguin cuba, pelagic fishes: Hi Kelli The only thing I can think of that even remotely fits your description would be a remora, a type of fish that has an attachment disc right where you describe it. These usually attach themselves to larger pelagic fishes, but they sometimes will...

Oceanography: Will there be an increase in debris on US west coast from Japan?, physical oceanographer, pacific currents
physical oceanographer, pacific currents, john lyman: Hi John I am actually a coral reef and fish ecologist rather than a physical oceanographer, but I think I might be able to provide some insights that help in your article research. I would point out three main considerations regarding your question,...

Oceanography: Increase in debris on California's coastline, caribbean shores, california coastline
caribbean shores, california coastline, dumpers: Are you sure it is bamboo? I have seen large patches of processed sugar cane (which looks a lot like small bamboo) unexpectedly wash up on Caribbean shores, and I suppose it is possible that the same material might have been swept across the Pacific without...

Oceanography: Squid. WHich is the biggest squid species?, colossal squid, giant squid
colossal squid, giant squid, sea monster: The largest living squid in terms of mass is Mesonychoteuthis hamiltoni, known as the colossal squid. This squid may grow as large as 45-50 ft (14-15 m). The kraken is not a real animal, but a mythological sea monster of the Norwegian people, which may...

Oceanography: sea turtle, hawksbill sea turtle, hawksbill turtle
hawksbill sea turtle, hawksbill turtle, upper shell: Mike Thanks for the added pix. That is NOT a hawksbill. I am not sure what it is now - it is unusual. If you don t mind, I d like to send the pix to a few colleagues who are sea turtle experts and get their take on this. Do you have any idea of where...

Oceanography: sea turtle, green sea turtle, chelonia mydas
green sea turtle, chelonia mydas, dorsal and ventral: Hey mike After careful examination of all pics I am 99.9% sure this is a green sea turtle (Chelonia mydas). The dorsal and ventral scute patterns, jaws, and prefrontal scale patterns all match up that species only. The color threw me a bit, but likely...

Oceanography: fish, google image search, panama city beach
google image search, panama city beach, small fish: Hi Jessica The picture is blurry but I am 99.9% sure by your description and the photo that what you found was a Sargassumfish (Histrio histrio). These look so strange when they are out of their element because the color, appendages, etc. are all part...

Oceanography: octopus ink, octopus ink, colored inks
octopus ink, colored inks, octopuses: Each species of cephalopod produces slightly differently colored inks; generally, octopuses produce black ink and squid ink is blue-black. Octopi come in many colors and most species also can change color rapidly for camouflage or communication. Some are...

Oceanography: Places marine life choose to live, extreme pressures, rocky shores
extreme pressures, rocky shores, evolutionary change: Places that to most living things are terrible places to live are indeed harsh - but they have one great advantage. Because of their very harshness , their are few (if any) competitors (other organisms) living there. Thus. any species that can adapt to...

Oceanography: coral, coral reefs, coral reef
coral reefs, coral reef, sea fans: Hi Yes, sea fans are a type of coral, but a different type than those that form the foundation of coral reefs. I do not know of any species of sea fans that are considered threatened or endangered - if anything, my own research indicates that in the Caribbean...

Oceanography: fossil, tube worm, photo link
tube worm, photo link, grade students: There is no photo - link is brooken - please resend and I will try to help - also, please provide location of find. Sorry the photo is there but the file is so large it took a long time to load. Unfortunately, this is beyond my area of expertise so you...

Oceanography: Great Barrier Reef, great barrier reef, population pyramid
great barrier reef, population pyramid, population parameters: The reason you can t find anything on this specific request is that it almost certainly does not exist. These sorts of pyramids require extensive data on the age structure and other population parameters, and that sort of data is difficult and expensive...

Oceanography: Human perception of certain animals, human perceptions, ocean ecosystems
human perceptions, ocean ecosystems, human perception: This is strictly my personal opinion and not based upon any hard evidence of which I am aware. I believe the difference that you refer to is very real, and a result of how we have been conditioned by long tradition among sailors and more recently by books...

Oceanography: shark attack, litterally hundreds, animal attack
litterally hundreds, animal attack, sad truth: Hi Excellent question. With sharks, there is no practical way to know who the culprit was without cutting open the shark s gut and finding human remains - nearly impossible to find the right shark . Most of the BS about trying to find the shark responsible...

Oceanography: glow in water, micro organisms, duck hunting
micro organisms, duck hunting, south louisiana: Hey Newman Interesting observation. I have no definitive answer for you, but some of the micro-organisms that are responsible for the bioluminescence also produce virulent toxins. It is very possible that the ducks (like people) react badly to the chemicals...

Oceanography: Internal Waves, internal waves, stratification
internal waves, stratification, surface effects: Nahar, Internal waves can be seen only in special circumstances, when their vertical motions and associated convergence and divergence of water are near the surface. These motions compact or dilate waves at the surface, changing their appearance. So what...

Oceanography: the ocean, aquaculture
aquaculture: Raymond, Glad to hear from you. I don t really know much about the commercial fish farming business. You might ask Dr. Alevizon of All Experts, who is a marine biologist. You also should look into the Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institute in Fort Pierce,...

Oceanography: marine biology, biology majors, math majors
biology majors, math majors, marine specimens: Hi It is not easy to say what kinds of math you might need to use once you have begun working as a marine biologist, because different researchers and workers often need very different math skills, or not much at all depending upon the job. For example,...

Oceanography: Marine biologist, marine biologist, marine biology
marine biologist, marine biology, math and science: Hi Audra You need to become a biologist first, and then you can specialize as a marine biologist . You should take all of the college-track math and science courses you can through high school, and then select a college that offers a Bachelor s degree...

Oceanography: Phosphorus, ocean upwelling, agricultural runoff
ocean upwelling, agricultural runoff, ocean waters: Hi David Elevated phosphate levels in the ocean generally occur in coastal waters. Urban and agricultural runoff would be among the primary sources. Ocean upwelling can also bring large amounts of nutrients (including phosphates) that have accumulated...

Oceanography: Unknown fish, british museum of natural history, bottom dwelling
british museum of natural history, bottom dwelling, museum of natural history: Hi The quality of the photo and the deterioration of the body makes this one tough to identify from this alone, but it appears to me to be some species of ratfish (Order Chimaeriformes). Perhaps someone at a British museum of natural history familiar...

Oceanography: Shark vs Human, uss indianopolis, invariable response
uss indianopolis, invariable response, shark conservation: Hi I see you have been watching Shark Week . Please keep in mind that the programming for that series is first and foremeost meant for entertainment, and any other (i.e., factual) considerations are secondary. It is true that some sharks will sometimes...

Oceanography: How old is this shell, sediment types, aero bar
sediment types, aero bar, wave action: Hard to say - it could be anywhere from a few years old to 30-40 yrs old. The amount of exterior abrasion depends upon the wave action and sediment types to which the shell is exposed, along with the shell s inherent properties, which vary somewhat from species...

Oceanography: Bioluminscent Dinoflagellates, scripps institute of oceanography, randy patton
scripps institute of oceanography, randy patton, pyrocystis lunula: I don t know the relative brightness of the three species off the top of my head. If Google doesn t provide an answer for you, my advice is to email Mike Latz at Scripps Institute of Oceanography (you can drop my name, Randy Patton; say hi) to ask him. ...

Oceanography: Oceanography/Marine Biology Career Path, ba or bs degree, biology career
ba or bs degree, biology career, undergraduate coursework: Hi Jodi You don t need to move to the coast to pursue your goal of eventually working as a marine biologist or oceanographer. Most working professionals in these fields received specialized academic training and experience AFTER earning a BA or BS degree...

Oceanography: water displacement instrument, water displacement, water density
water displacement, water density, bucket water: It sounds like your application needs a simple, cheap, digital readout sensor to measure water level in a small-ish vessel (bucket). Water level can of course be related to water volume displaced by a submerged object (Archimedes lives!). I don t know of a...

Oceanography: Salt Water/Fresh Water
Hi Jackie It s not that simple. In the open sea, the volume of the oceans is huge and during a large storm the surface layers are generally well mixed by wind and waves. The net result is a salinity that generally does not fluctuate enough to concern ocean...

Oceanography: Oceanography
Hi Hayley, As far as the effect of ocean acidification (lowering pH) on marine life, you would probably get a better answer from the other Expert in ceanography on this site, Dr. Alevizon. He is a biological oceanographer and I am a physical oceanographer....

Oceanography: Flying Fish
Hi Flying fish are actually gliders . Their short flights are powered by rapid movements of the caudal (tail) fin while still in the water. The wings are simply highly modified pectoral fins, that are extended as they leave the water. The shape of...

Oceanography: pH
1. I studied biology, chemistry, math, physics 2. Ph.D. in Marine Biology, 30 years teaching at university level, more than 30 research publications in international journals 3.40 years 4. B.a. Biology, M.A. Marine Biology, Ph.D. Marine Biolog...

Oceanography: giant squid study, giant squid, google
giant squid, google, squid: Hi Ben Don t know what you mean by the study of giant squid . There have been many scientific studies of this species. If you know the name of the person or organization that conducted b a particular study /b you are interested in, you need to...

Oceanography: water depth and wave velocity, shallow water waves, velocity water
shallow water waves, velocity water, wave velocity: Water depth affects wave speed only for shallow water waves. The short story is that waves long compared to the depth feel the bottom and it slows them down. The slope of the wave surface translates into a horizontal pressure gradient that is constant...

Oceanography: I don't understand the waves problem, wave dispersion, dispersion relation
wave dispersion, dispersion relation, wave amplitude: To solve these problems you have to be familiar with the speed of the various waves involved. I assume you have course materials that you can refer to so I won t go into great detail. Swell waves are deepwater waves for this example. The wave dispersion...

Oceanography: Oceanography, manganese nodules, miramar florida
manganese nodules, miramar florida, minable minerals: Very little of the sea bed has been explored in the sense of somebody going down and taking a look at it and retrieving samples, certainly less than 1%. An example of the mysteries of the deep and how there may be more interesting things to be discovered...

Oceanography: balls of light on Mediterranean sea, bioluminescent organisms, organsims
bioluminescent organisms, organsims, mediterranean sea: What you saw is most likely caused by some phenomenon involving biolumunescence. My guess is that the water contained very small bioluminescent organisms (plankton, small jellyfish) and the balls of light were created by little schools of feeding fish stirring...

Oceanography: Why couldn't Columbus catch fish?, thor heyerdahl, essential vitamins and minerals
thor heyerdahl, essential vitamins and minerals, coral reefs: You can t remain healthy for long on a diet of fish and water - no carbohydrates, missing essential vitamins and minerals. Thor Heyerdahl would not have last long on what he had on the raft; Columbus s crew had no idea how long they might be gone. So,...

Oceanography: Tide size, tidal amplitude, extreme tides
tidal amplitude, extreme tides, resonant waves: The short answer is that Cuba and the Antilles are not mainly responsible for the low tides in the Caribbean Sea and Columbian coast. The low tidal amplitudes in these regions are simply due to their proximity to a node of zero amplitude (an amphidrome) located...

Oceanography: Exotic Camouflage Fish, camouflage techniques, spy novel
camouflage techniques, spy novel, fish supper: Hey Alex One of the more interesting questions I have received here. OK - I think I have the makings of what you re looking for. The octopus is our Hero - they are quite common in the Mediterranean, and considered a delicacy so they would be served...

Oceanography: Waves
Waves are an undulating deformation of the surface of the water. You probably have a good idea of what a wave looks like (say, at the beach or behind a boat), with regularly spaced crests and troughs. The important characteristics (parameters) of waves are...

Oceanography: sea
The ocean is salty because minerals in the Earth s crust containing salts have been draining into it for millions of years. Fresh water from rain falls on land and dissolves these salts, mainly chlorine combined with sodium (i.e., table salt!) which then end...

Oceanography: Water
Hi The color of a large body of water is derived from the fact that the water gradually filters out parts of the color spectrum, leaving only that which penetrates furthest. This only happens when there is sufficient water to do the filtering. A glass...

Oceanography: Ocean Currents
It is possible for a ship to drift for a long time (years) without hitting land, especially if it is caught up in a mid-ocean gyre such as that associated with the Sargasso Sea. It impossible to tell exactly how long it could stay afloat since that would depend...

Oceanography: Great White Sharks
Hi The sorts of questions you ask are more general biological questions that would apply to many species, not just the one you are interested in. The answers are fairly generic; for example having large gills means that as well as allowing for greater...

Oceanography: Identification
Hi Linda Hard to nail it down from just this photo, but my best guess is that you found a dorsal spine of a billfish,(perhaps a sailfish or marlin). Spines from stingrays generally have serrations on both sides not just one, but I would not rule that...

Oceanography: blue faced angel fish
Hi This fish is native to the Indo-Pacific region, and I have never seen one since I work mainly in the Florida-Caribbean region. I cannot tell you any more about this species than what you can learn yourself from a quick internet search. Good luck...

Oceanography: Salty Water
Over the eons, salt has leached from the Earth s surface into the oceans. Because the oceans have no outlet, they form the ultimate repository for any materials dissolved in water as it flows downward from exposed land to the seas. When water evaporates from...

Oceanography: Falling in deep water
The rate of descent of an object depends of course on the effective weight underwater and the drag it feels due to the viscosity of the water. Your question really has to do with the change in density of the object relative to the density of water as the pressure...

Oceanography: science
I m not a volcanologist, so I can t claim to have the best answer, but here is what I think. I m not sure that oceanic volcanoes really are more violent, just more prevalent. This is because the areas where most strong volcanoes occur are often at continental...

Oceanography: Do marine animals absorb fine plastic particles?
Quite honestly, this is not my field of specialization but I think i would be safe to say: 1. the amount of acrylic entering the ocean because of artists cleaning brushes is like the proverbial drop of water in lake Michigan - insignificant 2. the...

Oceanography: Enceladus oceans/life
Hi Geoff All speculative of course, but given the unlikely habitats that earthly life has managed to colonize and survive in, I am always hesitant to rule such possibilities out. After all, we only know ONE kind of life (as found on Earth) and there...

Oceanography: Sperm Whale and Squid
Hi. Great question. Unfortunately, I m not a marine biologist so don t really have any experience with whale tracking. However, here are some thoughts. I think night vision cameras are probably feasible. They exist and can do doubt be ruggedized. However,...

Oceanography: Barotropic Tidal Forcing
Hi Kevin, In general, the term barotropic means motion that occurs in phase over the entire water column, i.e., motion at the surface occurs at the same time as motion at depth, although not necessarily at the same amplitude (surface amplitudes are higher)....

Oceanography: question
There are a lot of islands that are surrounded by 1000 ft depths: Hawaii in the Pacific, Azores in the Atlantic, Seychelles in the Indian Ocean, etc. However, I get the impression that you are interested in islands that have a drop off of 1000 ft right at...

Oceanography: question about shallow ocean wave height
I think a very simple solution will work for this question, namely the conversion of kinetic energy to potential energy as the water gets pushed upward due to the presence of the island (assuming the island has a reasonably gentle slope). For a ridiculously...

Oceanography: objective question on oceanography
I d have to go with the 2nd 2., Meridional transport of heat across the global ocean. Meridional transport means transport north and south along a meridian. Since the polar (northern) regions are cold and the equatorial (southern) regions are warm, the...

Oceanography: Depths of the ocean
Thanks for the question. However, I don t think this type of information is readily available. As a diver myself (open water), as well as an oceanographer, I would find these statistics fascinating. On the other hand, it might not be too helpful for recreational...

Oceanography: Need to know how far the moon drags ocean water? East-west and north-south.
Tides can be pretty complicated so I ll just try to give you some basic information. First of all, the main tidal influence is the moon, by about a factor of 2 compared to the sun, so imagining the tidal height to be in phase with the moon is a tempting...

Oceanography: Large Ocean life- Death effects on environment
Hi Elizabeth, It is very unlikely that a boat floating above a sinking whale would be sucked down with the whale, for a couple of reasons. First of all, the whale would probably not sink very fast, which means that it would not create a significant low...

Oceanography: water
Hi, My oceanography studies did not include learning about the origin of water on Earth. Nonetheless, I understand that space objects, in particular asteroids, are probably the source of water on Earth. This theory is described in the attached article:...

Oceanography: Advantages, global hydrological cycle, co2 emissions
global hydrological cycle, co2 emissions, tropical deforestation: Advantages: The oceans function as the great regulator of the Earth s climate and they sustain the planet s many biogeochemical cycles. For example, natural changes in the amount of CO2 in the atmosphere, oceans, and land are much larger than the changes directly...

Oceanography: Animals effected by water pollution, animals effected by water pollution, harmful pollutants
animals effected by water pollution, harmful pollutants, blue whales: 1) What animals are effected through water pollution? ***ALL animals are affected by pollution, sadly. 2) How are animals effected through water pollution? ***Not only are we destroying their environment, their home but we are affecting the food they...

Oceanography: How to apply for a Ph.D?, web page request, shanghai fisheries university
web page request, shanghai fisheries university, shanghai china: Hi. Sorry, you asked how to apply for a PhD. Basically, you apply for admission to the university of your choice. This means finding their web page, request and fill out all the application material, then send it in. Once you are accepted, you will...

Oceanography: Bull sharks, salt water species, bull sharks
salt water species, bull sharks, long periods of time: Well to start of with your grasp on the salt water fresh water physiology of fish is rather good, and for the majority of fish its correct. But there are exceptions for example a lot of salt water species spawn and live as juveniles in freshwater (salmon,...

Oceanography: What is the best animal in..., top of the food chain, killer whales
top of the food chain, killer whales, orcas: That question is more of an opinionated question, but I will tell you my favorite animal. I love orcas, also known as killer whales, because of their great intelligence and social skills. They are also at the top of the food chain, even above sharks. Would...

Oceanography: blue sea star , purple sea urchin, purple sea urchin, self amputation
purple sea urchin, self amputation, reef dwellers: Linckia laevigata I got this off a web page but here is my opinion, based on what there niche and habitat and populations are like I would assume that there color is genetic but like all reef dwellers the relative brilliance can be enhanced by what they...

Oceanography: Carbon Dioxide levels in water, carbon dioxide levels, rate of diffusion
carbon dioxide levels, rate of diffusion, microscopic organisms: I don t quite know what level you are aiming this at so i apologize if some bits seem undermining and others a bit OTT. There is more Carbon Dioxide (CO2) in the air than there is in the water. The CO2 Present in water is dissolved either from the air (by...

Oceanography: Careers in Marine Bio, miami seaquarium, marine biologists
miami seaquarium, marine biologists, tidal processes: Hi Andrew!! Sorry you have had to wait a while for my reply, but things have been hectic my end, especially with the computer network going down - had to re-build my pc and these things take time!! Well, I am going to disappoint you slightly - I am not...

Oceanography: Careers, veterinary medicine, zoology
veterinary medicine, zoology, many thanks: well there are a lot more opportunities for veterinary medicine and sciences. Fields in marine life and zoology are very competitive and not as many opportunities. But if its what your really interested in just work hard and you may find something. Hope...

Oceanography: Coral Information Needed, challenger expedition, coral information
challenger expedition, coral information, matthew fontaine: Hi Theno I am actually not sure who discovered that coral was alive but my educated guess is that you should look into Matthew Fontaine Murray and the HMS Challenger Expedition, or Charles Darwin who did a lot of studies on reefs and the atolls. Murray ...

Oceanography: Crab, ghost crab, intertidal areas
ghost crab, intertidal areas, stone crab: Hi sara! It is probably a ghost crab. those are very common and can be red in color. you can find them in intertidal areas- they can live on both land and in shallow water. A stone crab probably wouldn t walk all the way up to your yard, it would tend to...

Oceanography: SO confused! Please help, new england aquarium, marine biologist
new england aquarium, marine biologist, guidance counselor: Hi Laura, Wow, what an emotional conflict you seem to be suffering. Yes, those choices can seem/be tough. I m no psychologist, although for four semesters I did have psychology as a double major. But decided it wasn t my strength, so keep that in mind...

Oceanography: coral reefs, northwest hawaiian islands, coral reefs
northwest hawaiian islands, coral reefs, reefbase: My particular background is with the coral reefs found in the Pacific ocean. There are a number of good reference sites that have the information you are searching for if you re interested in that region. I would start at NOAA s website at http://www.nmfs.hawaii.edu/cred/...

Oceanography: correction to first question about albacore, albacore tuna, exoskeleton
albacore tuna, exoskeleton, hermit crab: Hermit crabs are one of the only types of crustacean that use other shells in fact their own exoskeleton could also be considered a shell but its rather soft. All mollusks (clams and snails ...) grow their owns shells like abalone. hope this helps and see...

Oceanography: crabs, dead creatures, scavengers
dead creatures, scavengers, crabs: A scavenger will eat bits of rubbish that happens to be around, like bits of other dead creatures and plants that something has left behind or that has just fallen off. Some crabs are also predators, not quite like the cheetah or lion as their prey is...

Oceanography: cyanide and formaldehyde, black smokers, hydrothermal vent
black smokers, hydrothermal vent, trace quantities: not usually, and in none of the cases i have studied. It my be a fair guess to make as there are lots of unusual chemicals found at the hydrothermal vent sites. The chemical which gives the black smokers their names is iron monosulphide. At white smoker...

Oceanography: Difference of Ocean levels., tide gauge data, shape of the earth
tide gauge data, shape of the earth, level surfaces: HI Dominique. Thanks for your question. Sorry I am late in answering - Christmas break and all that!! To answer your question we need to look at what sea level is and why it changes. [1] Mean Sea Level (MSL) to an operator of a tide gauge means the...

Oceanography: how deep and where is the deepest part of the oceans?, answer homework questions, marianis trench
answer homework questions, marianis trench, homework question: Average depth is 2 miles, I know WHERE the deepest part, and I will tell you that (the Marianis Trench) but, and I am not trying to be rude, but it sounds like a homework question to me, and I don t answer homework questions...look up Marianis Trench and you...

Oceanography: dolphins, dolphins porpoises, dolphins and porpoises
dolphins porpoises, dolphins and porpoises, difference between dolphins and porpoises: Hi Ros Porpoises have spade-shaped teeth, dolphins have cone-shaped teeth. Porpoises are smaller and are most often in the southern hemisphere. They are also in different Family classifications. They cannot interbreed and produce viable offspring. People...

Oceanography: why dont sea fish taste salty?, fish taste, salt environment
fish taste, salt environment, river fish: This is a very good question and I never even thought of it that way till you asked. Marine fish don’t taste salty because there is not anywhere near as much salt in them as in salt water (if any at all in some cases). The reason fish can live at different...

Oceanography: Electric Eels, electric eels, sodium potassium
electric eels, sodium potassium, zinc copper: Hello Nelida I think all of your questions are best answered by this website http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electric_eel I reviewed it and it is accurate. 2. A battery works similar to an eel by using stacked cells with ion channels that create an electrical...

Oceanography: Fish at altitude, alpine lakes, oxygen levels
alpine lakes, oxygen levels, species of fish: I don t really know the much about this subject. But what I do know is that fish are found in Alpine lakes that are rather high up, and much above this level most water is bound up in ice. But I don t think that the low air pressure changes the DO in the...

Oceanography: Fish communications, microbial ecology lab, marine phytoplankton
microbial ecology lab, marine phytoplankton, oceanography research: Hello I ve sent you back your piece, hope you recieve it- the system want s me to answer your follow up question on this account. Here are my credentials I have a B.S. in marine biology, and am working on a M.S. in oceanography. I am FDA certified for...

Oceanography: Fish in Swimming pools, marine biologists, chlorinated water
marine biologists, chlorinated water, swimming pools: hey no there is not any fish known that can stand chlorinated water. you can try talking to differnt marine biologists to see if they have any ideas and maybe they can help you do a teriffic experiment. good luck and keep me posted if you get any more information...

Oceanography: Fish, freshwater fish, science fair project
freshwater fish, science fair project, project thanks: hi!! im not totally sure which fish but i know there is 1-2 fish like sharks or something that live in saltwater but can also survive in fresh. im not real sure if fresh can live in salt but i think they cant. goldfish are a freshwater fish and im positive...

Oceanography: Advantages, oceans, forests
Oceanography: Advantages, oceans, forests, earth

Oceanography: Animals effected by water pollution
Oceanography: Animals effected by water pollution

Oceanography: Difference of Ocean levels., ocean levels, continents
Oceanography: Difference of Ocean levels., ocean levels, continents, panama

Oceanography: why dont sea fish taste salty?, u press, true facts
Oceanography: why dont sea fish taste salty?, u press, true facts, scientist

Oceanography: Fish at altitude, concentration gradient, wave action
Oceanography: Fish at altitude, concentration gradient, wave action, air pressure

Oceanography: mullet, little sarasota bay, air bladders
Oceanography: mullet, little sarasota bay, air bladders, university fisheries

Oceanography: Ocean Energy, ocean energy, source of energy
Oceanography: Ocean Energy, ocean energy, source of energy, photosynthesis

Oceanography: overfishing, fishing companies, anwser
Oceanography: overfishing, fishing companies, anwser, money

Oceanography: What is Phosphorus, swiming, fish
Oceanography: What is Phosphorus, swiming, fish

Oceanography: Saltwater-freshwater okay? What do crabs eat. General care of saltwater fish., health food store, dried seaweed
Oceanography: Saltwater-freshwater okay? What do crabs eat. General care of saltwater fish., health food store, dried seaweed, aquarium sand

Oceanography: salt water and freezing, freezing point depression, mixture
Oceanography: salt water and freezing, freezing point depression, mixture

Oceanography: A fish i can't identify, outer banks nc, fresh water fish
outer banks nc, fresh water fish, bull sharks: Hello again There are definitely manatees in your area, they are not just found around the equator, they are all along the florida coast and up into NC and SC. I bet that s what it was. Especially if it was slow moving; sharks will make darting motions...

Oceanography: The Great Barrier Reef, largest living organism, great barrier reef
largest living organism, great barrier reef, coral polyps: The Great Barrier Reef (GBR) is not just a living landform, it is the largest living organism on the planet, a colossal interconnected colony of limestone-secreting coral polyps that stretch 1,430 miles (2,300 kilometers) along Australia s northeastern coast...

Oceanography: gas plant discharge, high reefs, outfall pipe
high reefs, outfall pipe, discharge pipe: First off I can’t make comments on policy witch this is deeply rooted in, but with that said I would not want it in my bay. These are concerns you should bring up with your local government and policy makers. Just because they are hoping things get swept...

Oceanography: global warming, rising tide levels, top of the stairs, beach erosion
top of the stairs, beach erosion, tide levels: This observation you have is not so much global warming but is something else called beach erosion. Beach erosion happens much faster in some places it only takes a year or two to see the kind of changes you have observed. Its mostly a natural movement of...

Oceanography: great white sharks, great white sharks, white sharks
great white sharks, white sharks, great whites: Mostly no, they are usually just referred to as male and females. Although I have heard some people from different counties and backgrounds refer to a male as a bull but I don’t believe this is common or correct. Now as far as great whites go very little...

Oceanography: Hi Tracy! I'm curretnly working..., boogie board, open wounds
boogie board, open wounds, sea lion: well, for starters, any open wounds (or a woman menstruating)...sharks smell blood. And mistaken identity...there is a reason most attacks don t end in death (from the shark eating them), and a reason most attacks are people on a surfboard or boogie board....

Oceanography: How do Horseshoe Crabs Fertilize Eggs?, male horseshoe crabs, deposits eggs
male horseshoe crabs, deposits eggs, unattached males: I may have found exactly what you are looking for in a research paper. hope this helps H. Jane Brockmann1, Timothy Colson2 and Wayne Potts2 (1) Department of Zoology, University of Florida, 32611 Gainesville, FL, USA (2) Department of Pathology, University...

Oceanography: Hypothetical climate, strong currents, tropic of capricorn
strong currents, tropic of capricorn, land bridge: I am not exactly sure but I can offer my best guess. I would think with no land masses there would be some very strong currents circling the globe unhindered and the narrow land bridge would not last very long. I would also think that the poles would be...

Oceanography: Can you help me??, porous rock, open channels
porous rock, open channels, lagoons: Hi Sharma, That question is a little out of my area of expertise, but.. Ground water travels through layers of material which is porous, such as sand or porous rock, or through open channels between layers of rock. Here is a URL for you to check...

Oceanography: hey, animal diversity web, electrophorus electricus
animal diversity web, electrophorus electricus, electric eel: I personally do not know much about electric eels (Electrophorus electricus) but a little delving into some fish keeping websites have shown that a touch from the electric eel s tail can disable a human or a large animal, although a single discharge is usually...

Oceanography: humpback whales, whaling industry, bio accumulation
whaling industry, bio accumulation, humpback whales: this answer is going to be a bit of a stretch but I will try. They help (when there is a sustainable population) economically by supporting a whaling industry (but not anymore). They are a top down predation of krill. Tissue samples are very useful for...

Oceanography: humpback whales, humpback whales, food sources
humpback whales, food sources, family business: First off sorry it took so long to reply I had to leave town on family business. Well the only real environmental impacts I can think of is there food sources like Krill may increase in numbers and that could lead to a new set of predators becoming more abundant...

Oceanography: Lazi varigiensis, fish pellets, saltwater lagoon
fish pellets, saltwater lagoon, diamond scale: Hi Julie, That question is way out of my area of expertise... what you need is an aquaculturist. But here are a few URL s which may give you some insight? http://www.anglersnet.com.uk/authors/leon20.htm If you go to the search engine www.google.com...

Oceanography: Lobsters, marine biologist, painless death
marine biologist, painless death, distresses: Well, I know it s pretty quick....they don t REALLY scream that is air escaping from the shell. I dont know about pain, but like I said, they go awefully quick I believe...not sure though...I dont personally eat the things....but I grew up on Cape Cod...so...

Oceanography: Marine Biologist, marine biology department, how to become a marine biologist
marine biology department, how to become a marine biologist, university of rhode island: sorry this response took so long my PC was down University of Rhode Island has two or three professors in their marine biology department who have a background in sharks and rays (elasmobranchology). But there are many good schools for this most are coastal...

Oceanography: Marine biology, woods hole oceanographic institute, steve dimarco
woods hole oceanographic institute, steve dimarco, hole oceanographic institute: Hi Jenna. I do know about marine biology because i am a marine biologist. To become one you go to school for 4 years and get a bachelors of science in marine biology. Then you can go to graduate school for the same thing, which will take 2-3 years. Their...

Oceanography: Multiple backbones in a sardine, internal backbone, tiny bones
internal backbone, tiny bones, cartiledge: I understand now, this is very interesting. When things like this happen its not usually a mutation which is genetic, but a malformation. A malformation like this is usually due to something happening in the embryonic (planktonic in this case) stage of the...

Oceanography: marianas trench, deep ocean trenches, winnipeg manitoba canada
deep ocean trenches, winnipeg manitoba canada, marianas trench: Deep ocean trenches, such as the Marianas trench are formed by plate tectonics. The movement of one plate under another to be precise. The scientific term is plate subduction. It happens because one tectonic plate is heavier than another and where there is...

Oceanography: marine life, extreme pressures, sea creatures
extreme pressures, sea creatures, water loss: there are many adaptations, try a bit of gooleing and have a look here for basic ones. http://www.marinebio.com/Oceans/TheDeep/ If you can find any that you don t understand please don t hesitate to ask me about them, their function, (for instance a specific...

Oceanography: marine life, major ocean currents, marine ecosystem
major ocean currents, marine ecosystem, thermal stress: Major effects are that the bands of life appear to be moving polewards, ie tropical species are being found further and further north/south. coral bleaching is apparently a major problem (all the algae in corals being ejected as the coral has come under...

Oceanography: mullet, tiny parasites, poping
tiny parasites, poping, predators: Hello! You are right that it is a common sight. It is unknown exactly why mullet jump. It could very well be that they are being chased by predators, but more likely they jump to remove parasites from their body. When they splash back into the water, it...

Oceanography: The Norhtern Snakehead, target species, species design
target species, species design, alien fish: I do not know much about this species but with any invasive species that you wish to get rid of you can either disrupt its breeding, (remove the habitat it uses to reproduce or use chemichals to confuse them into miss identifying a mate or to prevent them...

Oceanography: I need help on a report., bio accumulation, lead pollution
bio accumulation, lead pollution, iq scores: Well I am sorry to say that lead is not exactly my field but I will try my beast to point you in the correct direction. This is a major topic and there is tons of research done on it. Try doing searches for these types of things (lead LT50, lead in sea,...

Oceanography: need help, coral reefs, changes in legislation
coral reefs, changes in legislation, recyle: Hi Koshini Unfortunately it is very difficult to predict how long species will die out. I know that for coral reefs they are predicting 30 years due to the acidification of the ocean from increased CO2 into the atmosphere. Many species in rainforests and...

Oceanography: Ocean Energy, thermal energy conversion, ocean thermal energy conversion
thermal energy conversion, ocean thermal energy conversion, ocean thermal energy: Well this is not exactly my expertise but I will give you my opinion on it. What is the ultimate source of Ocean energy? I would think Ocean thermal energy conversion may have the most potential in the future. What is the immediate source of Ocean energy?...

Oceanography: Ocean motion, chlorofluorocarbons cfc, ocean conveyor belt
chlorofluorocarbons cfc, ocean conveyor belt, earth and environmental science: After discussing this with colleagues, i would say that dimolecular oxygen (O2) is not produced by chemosynthesis, but oxides (O) are produced as free radicals that quickly bind to other chemicals (nitrous oxide for example). So basically no, dissolved oxygen...

Oceanography: Ocean Pollution Question, waste water treatment, soluble fertilizers
waste water treatment, soluble fertilizers, oil derivatives: Well the top 4 I can think of would be Banning the use of soluble fertilizers in coastal water sheds that lead to eutrophication from run-off. Better waste water treatment for both industry and sewage for water that is released into the environment. Cleaner...

Oceanography: Ocean, great white sharks, lemon sharks
great white sharks, lemon sharks, good eyesight: Hey! We need to know oceanography because it effects many aspects of our lives that we take for granted. It is good to study fields that may not be a career for you directly, because it will help you become a more well rounded person. It will be clear to...

Oceanography: Oceanography, mid ocean ridge, side scan sonar
mid ocean ridge, side scan sonar, magnetic field changes: Hi Ashley! These look like homework questions to me.......I will answer some for you and give some guidance on some others.....I am not going to do all the work!!! 1. The Ocean with the most water is a tough one because this depends on the flow budgets...

Oceanography: Oceanography, salt chemistry, sea salts
salt chemistry, sea salts, www students: I am not completely sure what you mean by the seven common sea salts, I have never used the term before. try searching for salt chemistry, or sea salt chemistry. Here are some useful pages I found. All I really know of sea salt is its NaCl, sorry hope this...

Oceanography: Oceanography, plymouth university, sampling techniques
plymouth university, sampling techniques, worker positions: Excellent- global currents are very interesting and definitely important with the changing climate. This work might involve a lot of computer modeling and analyzing, you may want to look into the computer oriented side of current profiling to make sure you...

Oceanography: Oceanography, benthic organisms, microscopic organisms
benthic organisms, microscopic organisms, ocean plankton: Well, Planktonik organisms simply drift in the ocen, benthic organisms live on the bottom and are more often than not stationary. ALL organisms are signifigant and important because they are part of the food chain. Some organisms are food for others, some...

Oceanography: Octopus heartbeat, scripps institution of oceanography, birch aquarium at scripps
scripps institution of oceanography, birch aquarium at scripps, california sheephead: I have found that the age at which maturation (gender change) occurs is thought to be dependant upon the food sources, (quality and abundance) and other environmental stresses (such as predation and competition), and regarding the colour change it will not...

Oceanography: ocean animals, frogs and toads, mangrove habitats
frogs and toads, mangrove habitats, marine toad: First off all amphibians were originally marine, but there appear to be no purely marine amphibians that I can find, however there are several frogs and toads that can live in brackish (estuarine) habitats (even as tadpoles). Mostly live in mangrove habitats...

Oceanography: ocean, contemplation, niece
contemplation, niece: the biggest challenge here would to put it in a way for a 5 year old to understand. Salt comes in many more forms then what we put on our food, and mostly its found in the ground so for millions of years water flowing over land carries very small amounts...

Oceanography: oceanography, oceanography, sharks
oceanography, sharks, dolphins: No, Sharks in general tend to stay clear of any potential threat that is equal or greater then their own size (especially other sharks). The threat dolphins pose on a shark is that they are usually in a group, but even a group of dolphins may consider a shark...

Oceanography: oceanography, composition of the ocean, ocean water
composition of the ocean, ocean water, salinity: I need a little more info on what you mean by the composition of ocean water. It is H20 and many MANY other dissolved minerals including Calcium and hundreds of other minerals and elements. The average salinity of the world s oceans is 35ppm (parts per...

Oceanography: oceans, arctic oceans, indo pacific
arctic oceans, indo pacific, circumpolar region: Hi Sheila This seems like kind of an unreasonable question for you to have to answer without some sort of texbook or database that contains that info. This website might be of help to you http://content.cdlib.org/xtf/view?docId=kt167nb66r&chunk.id=d3_1_ch15&toc.depth=1&toc.id=ch15&brand=eschol...

Oceanography: overfishing debate, term result, skyrocket
term result, skyrocket, fishermen: Well first of the words benefits and overfishing should never be used in the same sentence. Overfishing is very harmful. But if you had to find a benefit in it for the sake of debate the very very shot term result is beneficial economically for the fishermen...

Oceanography: overfishing, term result, skyrocket
term result, skyrocket, fishermen: Well first of the words benefits and overfishing should never be used in the same sentence. Overfishing is very harmful. But if you had to find a benefit in it for the sake of debate the very very shot term result is beneficial economically for the fishermen...

Oceanography: oxygen from water, oxygen containing compounds, carbon cycle in water
oxygen containing compounds, carbon cycle in water, oxygen cycle: The utilizable oxygen in water is not the O in the water molecule H2O it is in the form of dissolved oxygen O2 so there really isn t much splitting involved. Even in photosynthesis water is used to convert the CO2 to O2 and plant structure. In the water primary...

Oceanography: Panama Canal, tight gates, panama canal
tight gates, panama canal, water levels: The canal has water tight gates that raise and lower a ship to the water level of the direction it needs to go. Water in such a man made structure can be very destructive when finding it own level especially with tidal flux. These gates increase the efficiency...

Oceanography: Pet Sharks, pet sharks, many different types
pet sharks, many different types, saltaquarium: It depends upon where exactly you live, how big your tank is and what type of shark you want to keep. There are many different types, some are quite small (in comparison to others) If you are interested in keeping sharks yourself i suggest that you look...

Oceanography: What is Phosphorus, prey organisms, phosphoresence
prey organisms, phosphoresence, glow worms: Hi Monique!! The phenomenon that you witnessed in Thailand was something called BIOLUMINESENCE. Basically it is light produced by a bio-chemical reaction to oxygen, which originates in an organism. There are 1000 s of bioluminescent species and most...

Oceanography: Please help me with a project., scottish isles, project deals
scottish isles, project deals, marine sciences: Hi there Rari! Thankyou for your question - its quite different from the past questions that I have recieved. 1. Do you like what you do? Yes, very much. I have been studying the marine sciences since I was 18, so there has got to be a certain appeal...

Oceanography: penguins, thermal conductivity, temperature gradient
thermal conductivity, temperature gradient, georgetown texas: Hi Sally That s an interesting question. I believe you are comparing this concept to when your tongue freezes to an ice cube or metal pole. Your tongue freezes to things that have a high enough thermal conductivity to extract heat faster from your tongue...

Oceanography: penquins, skin cells, warm blood
skin cells, warm blood, cold conditions: The system that stops a penguin s foot from freezing is very elaborate and sophisticated and employs two mechanisms. The first one allows the penguin to control the rate of blood flowing to its feet by varying the diameter of arterial vessels supplying...

Oceanography: Rising sea level, and logs 8' deep in salt marsh, coast guard ship, peat bogs
coast guard ship, peat bogs, drainage ditches: Well there are a few things I can think of. Fist is that depending on where in the marshes topography the trees were found they could have been washed down during a storm surge. Things are often found buried where the main water flows threw a marsh. If it...

Oceanography: research question, earth science course, introductory earth
earth science course, introductory earth, initial motivation: Hi Matthew. I do not mind answering your questions at all.......here it goes.... What was your initial motivation to enter your field of expertise? Always been interested in the marine environment and initially wanted to concentrate on physical...

Oceanography: research question, earth science course, introductory earth
earth science course, introductory earth, initial motivation: Hey, I would love to help you out, but I am unqualified. I am a volunteer here. I am an avid fisherman who studies sharks feverishly as a hobby. I can answer a lot of questions about fish, but I have no formal education on the subject, nor do I do it as a...

Oceanography: Salinitity, warm surface water, global conveyor belt
warm surface water, global conveyor belt, west point military academy: First off I think you may want to try a search for The global conveyor belt, and thermohaline circulation. There are many web pages that give great explanation on how the currents are moved by salinity and temperature. Think of salinity as a ratio of salt...

Oceanography: Salt Water, streams and rivers, rivers and streams
streams and rivers, rivers and streams, water rivers: Ocean water has many minerals dissolved in it from the earth (when put together, the minerals make up many different salts) Fresh water (rivers & streams) have a salt content...it s just VERY low. Rivers and streams run off into the ocean...their salt...

Oceanography: Saltiness of fish and seagulls, seagulls, scavengers
seagulls, scavengers, seagull: Hi Alex The saltiness of a seagull is not what makes it inedible. You can eat things that are really salty as long as you drink enough fresh water along with it- although generally having too much salt in your diet is obviously not good. You cannot DRINK...

Oceanography: Saltwater-freshwater okay? What do crabs eat. General care of saltwater fish., salt water aquarium, salt water fish
salt water aquarium, salt water fish, types of algae: well i wouldnt put any salt water fish in fresh water because it will not survive. well crabs feed on different types of algae and if they are salt water they will not survive without a proper tank and trust me the tank is much more invomved then you can imagine....

Oceanography: Science, ecological sense, shore crab
ecological sense, shore crab, small fish: Hello, I assume that you mean competition on the shore/seabed in the ecological sense. Like all organisms crabs need food, shelter, and a mate to reproduce. There are two types of competition, Interspecific and intraspecific. The first is between different...

Oceanography: Seashells, octopus and squid, phylum of animals
octopus and squid, phylum of animals, mussel shells: Like among other molluscs the bivalves shell is produced by the mantle or pallium. Growth of shells happens in all directions. On mussel shells therefore concentric rings or umbones can be seen. The bivalves mantle, as well as the shell, is present in two...

Oceanography: Shark Attacks, dangerous sharks, souther california
dangerous sharks, souther california, likelyhood: Well, the odds are zero if you never enter the water. Just kidding. Actually the odds of being attacked while being in the ocean are a little less than 600,000 to one. That is less than your chance of being struck by lightning. In southern california, there...

Oceanography: Shark Infested Waters, shark infested waters, good answer
shark infested waters, good answer, contexts: I am not sure I can really give you a good answer for this. In my opinion the term shark infestation in all the contexts I have ever seen it in does not even relate to an amount but just the presence of them (usually where people are). The definition of...

Oceanography: Sharks, home aquarium, exact species
home aquarium, exact species, species names: Sure its possible I have seen a few small species kept as pets before. Here is a Link about it, I don t know the exact species names but you will have to search for a dealer in your area to buy from. http://www.aquaticcommunity.com/sharkfish/petsharks.ph...

Oceanography: salt water crabs, google serch, fiddler crabs
google serch, fiddler crabs, range of tolerance: Well I cant really tell what the crab is from your discription, and I dont know where you are. If I were you I would do a google serch for crab species of your area (example , New Jersey Crab Species) I find lots of great descriptive species references to...

Oceanography: salt water and freezing, salt molecules, death valley california
salt molecules, death valley california, heterogeneous mixture: Salt lowers the temperature at which water freezes and melts. Pure water, H2O, freezes (and melts) at 0°C (32°F). But the more salt (any elements or compounds carried by the water in solution, such as Na (sodium), Ca (calcium), Cl (chloride), and...

Oceanography: salt water and freezing, air pockets, technical purposes
air pockets, technical purposes, freezing point: Technically, salt water does not freeze. The icebergs in the oceans have been tested extensively and they are only chemically composed of water and air pockets. The salt tends to shift to the outside edge of the berg. The salt can actually be scraped off the...

Oceanography: science, field scientists, water chemistry
field scientists, water chemistry, measure water: It really depends on what we are doing. Some work behind a desk and wear what they want and the only tool they use are computers. Others go out on boat or the shore and wear anything from a bathing suit to rain gear to life jackets to a wet suit. Some tools...

Oceanography: scientific names, scientific names, whales
scientific names, whales, lander: Hi Anne. Sorry, I do not know of any specific to whales. You might try the following URL: http://www.saltspring.com/capewest/pron.htm http://members.aol.com/magarland/botlat/testhand.htm http://www.lander.edu/rsfox/300classifLec.html ...

Oceanography: sea level, astronomical tide, tide level
astronomical tide, tide level, moon position: Sea level is dependant upon many factors, sun and moon position (although when surveying and map making an average for the area is taken, they usually use the lowest astronomical tide (lowest possible tide level)), sea bed topography, weather conditions and...

Oceanography: sea water buffering, sea water, biota
sea water, biota, seawater: Right well seawater is a much buffered solution. There are some studies that have shown a current micro drop in pH. But the pH will change very slowly it wont just reach a point and drop there is a huge ability to buffer. But depending on the localized biota...

Oceanography: shark attacks, sea lions, winning the lottery
sea lions, winning the lottery, shark attacks: Well, everyone has an opinion, but there s little data to suggest that the risk of being attacked by a shark is increasing. Note, I said risk, not the actual number. There re many suggested causes for what is being perceived as an increase - e.g., a larger...

Oceanography: sharks and dolphins, messes, sharks
messes, sharks, dolphins: Im not totally positive but i believe that they both have a fear of each other. the dolphins fight them in order to protect themselves. sharks will approach them to eat but will then swim away if the dolphin messes with him so its kind of equal fear & confusing....

Oceanography: sharks, fresh water sharks, sandbar sharks
fresh water sharks, sandbar sharks, freshwater sharks: Although most people think of sharks and rays as exclusively saltwater inhabitants, quite a few species actually make use of freshwater living spaces. In a 1995 paper, elasmobranch systematist Leonard Compagno and shark fisheries biologist Sid Cook surveyed...

Oceanography: Can a shock from an electric eel burn?, electric eel, electric eels
electric eel, electric eels, sized person: I believe it could but it would very much depend on the size of the victim, because after all that is the desired result of this animals prey and would be predators. I am not 100% sure though because I don’t know what amount of charge would be needed to cause...

Oceanography: tides, moons orbit, earth and the moon
moons orbit, earth and the moon, high tides: Basically it is because of the time it takes for the moon to rotate around the Earth. The moon will be over that same spot 24 hours and 48 mins later causing the difference in the tides every day. Tides are caused by the gravitational interaction between...

Oceanography: tsunami, indian ocean earthquake, asian tsunami
indian ocean earthquake, asian tsunami, exact answer: Well I could not find the exact answer, mostly because there was a lot of coastline effected and it varied based on individual topography. But here is a very useful page I found. http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2004/12/1227_041226_tsunami.html...

Oceanography: tsunamis, south carolina earthquake, tsunamis in the gulf of mexico
south carolina earthquake, tsunamis in the gulf of mexico, earthquake in costa rica: There is the potential for tsunami wherever there is a coast, so yes it happens in both the Atlantic and the Gulf we have just been lucky enough to not experience any major ones yet. Potential causes are underwater seismic activities, via earthquake, shelf...

Oceanography: upper estuary vs. lower estuary, estuary, hi john
estuary, hi john, informative website: Hi John. This is an interesting question. Estuarine science is complex one. However, simply upper/lower denotes the horizontal feature of the estuary with relation to the sea, for example an upper estuary is that part of the estuary that is furthest from...

Oceanography: Water Pollution effecting our Oceans?, great barrier reef, great barrier reef in australia
great barrier reef, great barrier reef in australia, natural waterways: I believe pollution does play a role in those occurrences. This is a huge topic with many many siteable examples online. But to be more specific the most effected creatures are coastal species. Now I assume by oceanic you mean marine species, but if by...

Oceanography: Whales, Fertility and Mercury Emissions- True or False?, fossil fuel emissions, mercury emissions
fossil fuel emissions, mercury emissions, toxicology study: Well I could not find the reference in question but a college and I came close. I would tell that person that without a reference their argument is not very valid. From Dr. Williams The short answer to your question is that there is no direct evidence...

Oceanography: ??, food web dynamics, lead pollution
food web dynamics, lead pollution, small quantities: Hi Jessie Lead pollution is so harmful to our oceans because it is bioaccumulated and biomagnified (when a chemical becomes concentrated up the food chain) in organisms. For example: A heavy metal like Lead can be taken up by say deposit or filter feeders...

Oceanography: WHAT SHOULD i DO?, bls gov, animal behavior college
bls gov, animal behavior college, marine mammals: I don’t know much about this field. I know a few people who have work in this kind of job and I believe you need a background in biology or zoology, with maybe a focus in the area you are interested in such as marine mammals. I will say that this is going...

The Odd Couple: did Jack Klugman`s real life..., jack klugman, brett somers
jack klugman, brett somers, wife blanche: Yes, Jack Klugman s wife did have a recurring role on the show. Her name is/was Brett Somers, but when she was on the Odd Couple she was credited as Brett Somers-Klugman. She played Oscar s (Jack Klugman) ex-wife Blanche. Jack Klugman s son was also in...

Odor Control: Curry Smell, curry, smoke
curry, smoke, curry odor: Curry is usually embedded in the cooking grease on the walls and fixtures in the cooking area. I have found that washing the affected area with a solution of TSP (tri-sodium phosphate and not the substitute) works the best. It is usually available at home...

Odor Control: cigarette smoke from neighbor, feasible ideas, cigarette smoke
feasible ideas, cigarette smoke, filter units: Sorry I thought you were talking about a wall or window mounted AC. If the outside unit is an air handler it is very likely the the entire AC unit is in that unit. It includes: The compressor The condenser (the hot coil with fins) The Evaporator (the...

Odor Control: Musty smell, mold, musty smell
mold, musty smell, mildew: Barbara The fact that you appear to have no active mold growing inside you wall is VERY good and allowing it to dry out completely before you close it up is also very good. The fact that you have a musty smell indicates that there is probably a very...

Odor Control: Home A/C odor, urine odor and humidity
urine odor and humidity: Depending on where you live and how much humidity is in the AC between the end of heating season and the beginning of air conditioning season it could still be a urine issue. The heating system reduces the humidity in a house often to below 20%. Depending...

Odor Control: basement odor, mold, mildew odors
mold, mildew odors, mold remediation : Mold/mildew odors are a one of the most difficult to remove once it has established itself. There are several ways of approaching a solution. Using an Ozone machine to create ozone gas is one method that has been used successfully to eliminate mold/mildew...

Odor Control: poop smell in bathroom???, Smells in crawl space with water
Smells in crawl space with water: Standing water in a crawl space can generate all sorts of very bad smells. In fact, I m pretty surprised that building codes didn t require a sump pit and pump. Now that the odor is being generated (from what ever source it is coming) you will need to...

Odor Control: Odor issue, wet dog smell, skunk odor
wet dog smell, skunk odor, urine odor: Tammi, Because these issues are (by your description) relatively short lived and only occasional, proposing any kind of permanent fix would be inappropriate with such sketchy information. However, I do have what can be called a temporary fix that is...

Odor Control: Drain Tile - Solvent Smell, sewerage treatment plants, city fire dept
sewerage treatment plants, city fire dept, cement basin: I as assuming that you have a house built on a concrete slab. The chemical smell you are getting in your house is from some kind of a solvent spill or intentional dump near your house. I would gather from your description of the situation that the spill...

Odor Control: Sewage Odor, sewer gas leaks
sewer gas leaks: There are several possible causes for this kind of problem. 1 The vent/soil pipe (that runs from the sewer line in the ground under the floor in the basement up through the roof) could be cracked or broken or rusted through inside the wall and leaking gas...

Odor Control: house odor after extended absence, mold, CLO2
mold, CLO2: These kind of odors are almost always mold related. When you return, you smell it again but the perception goes away almost immediately. The fact that the odor is in you clothing and it is still apparent even after you have been home of a while adds to...

Odor Control: musty odour when windy, Mold, spores
Mold, spores, dehumidifiers: With the warmer weather comes higher humidity that has a tendency condensate on the colder surfaces in this closed area. This causes the mold spores there to root and begin to eat what ever fiber there is available. Mold produces a gas as part of the digestive...

Odor Control: smells of dirt, odor sources, mold growth
odor sources, mold growth, dirt floor: First plastic moisture barriers are very often the source of bad odors in crawl spaces. They trap the moisture under the plastic and promote mold growth on the grown under the plastic. The gasses given off by the mold are often misidentified as a other odor...

Odor Control: Musty basement smell, cause mold, cement wall
cause mold, cement wall, rain storm: Ken, Even California has small amounts of ground water that can seep under and through basement walls and cause mold/musty odors. Even a yard sprinkler left on too long can cause water to accumulate against the outside of the basement wall and leek through...

Odor Control: musty smell, Odor Remover, mold remover
Odor Remover, mold remover: Mark, It has been experience that when there is a musty smell, there is mold somewhere. In your case the question is where is the mold hiding. I am assuming that you have not had a professional mold (spore) test done in your basement yet and I u do not...

Odor Control: odor on my living room . ., sofa cushions, down feathers
sofa cushions, down feathers, city suburb: Wow! that is very interesting. If you are sure you are dealing with a bacterial issue We can deal with that pretty easily. Chlorine dioxide is a gas that when applied at low levels can and does kill mold, mildew, spores, bacteria and viruses. Because...

Odor Control: odor in laundry room, stinky clothes washing machine
stinky clothes washing machine: Gail, Since US Congress decided several years ago that Tri Sodium Phosphate was unfit for including in laundry detergents like Tide and just about all the other ones that worked washer odor has become a growing and often very stinky problem. In fact,...

Odor Control: Urine Smell, cat urine smell, outdoor cats
cat urine smell, outdoor cats, concrete slab: Most of the houses in Texas do not have basements and only a few have crawl spaces. If your house has a crawl space, there is a pretty good chance that it is the source of you odor problem. If you are on a concrete slab, you are probably a victim of the...

Odor Control: Cat urine smell after water leak, cat urine smell, strong urine smell
cat urine smell, strong urine smell, carpet shampoo: Sorry about the long delay in answering. The problem you are dealing with is: Water is the catalyst that causes urine residue to react with hydrogen sulfide to produce mercaptan gas (the stuff that smells so bad. The treatment performed on the rooms that...

Odor Control: mold
Odor Control: mold

Odor Control: mold, mold fungus, material safety data
mold fungus, material safety data, material safety data sheet: There is no MSDS (material safety data sheet) published on any of their products. They say there is no bleach so have to assume that it is an enzyme product of some sort. I personally do not use enzyme products for a number of safety reasons, but if you...

Odor Control: odor in laundry room when using dryer after cleaning dryer vent, urine odor
urine odor: There is a very good chance that the leakage you had in the ceiling is the source of the odor and the dryer is bringing it into you living space. When the dryer runs the air that it being blown outside has to come from somewhere. If your condo windows...

Odor Control: Heating oil spill, fuel oil odor removal
fuel oil odor removal: Yes there is. There is a product called TSP which stands for Tri Sodium Phosphate. It is the best detergent I have ever found for breaking down oil of just about any type. It is generally available in the paint department of the big box hardware stores...

Odor Control: mold stained, mold spores, source of water
mold spores, source of water, punching bag: Sorry for the long delay. I just found the inquiry. I have products that will remove the mold from the outside of the bag, but as long as there is a source of water inside the bag the mold will continue to return. Additionally, there was probably viable...

Odor Control: Oder shower drain, drain odor
drain odor: Ingrid, Normally sewer gas inside a house is a result of the water evaporating out of the P traps in the sink or shower drain, however, since these drains are in your master bathroom this is unlikely the problem. Being in Florida it is possible that...

Odor Control: Broccoli Smell in Bedroom
Natasha, Living in an apartment that smells is often a result of what one or more of your neighbors are doing or have done in or to their apartment(s). Broccoli odor (as far as I know) is produced only by cooking broccoli. The fact that the odor is...

Officer Nuclear Power School: NPS/A-school, path, officer career paths, uc berkeley
officer career paths, uc berkeley, definable group: Gary - events are pretty much lock step for the next year or so. Following the A-School your son will proceed on to Nuclear Power School (NPS) which is a six month course of technical subjects taught at the undergraduate college level with one exception:...

Officer Nuclear Power School: Nuclear Power School?, navy, monetary incentives
Officer Nuclear Power School: Nuclear Power School?, navy, monetary incentives, nuclear officer

Officer Nuclear Power School: Nuclear Power School?, reactor instrumentation, electrical power generation
reactor instrumentation, electrical power generation, navy recruiter: Hi Tom - If you make the cut for nuclear propulsion training out of high school, you would come into the program as an enlisted sailor and, after recruit training (boot camp) you would start about a year of technical training in one of three areas: Mechanical(Machinist...

Officer Nuclear Power School: Becoming a Nuclear Power School Instructor, steve slaton, nuclear power school
steve slaton, nuclear power school, navy career: Albert - If you are qualified and motivated (and it appears you are) I would recommend that you apply for the program and if you are told that you are too old, apply for a waiver! The Navy is many things, and one of them is a bureaucracy - don t take NO ...

Officer Nuclear Power School: NPS and ASVAB, asvab score, school sophmore
asvab score, school sophmore, navy recruiter: Deryk, I am quite sure that an old ASVAB score will have absolutely NO impact on your selection for a commission and nuclear propulsion training. Your field of study is right on the mark. Work hard to keep your grades up. My best advice to you at this...

Officer Nuclear Power School: Power School Living Arrangements, steve slaton, navy adventure
steve slaton, navy adventure, nuclear power school: Clair - Married students, officers and enlisted, normally live off station in private rented apartments or houses. I do not know the current housing situation (availability, costs, etc.) near the school, however if you go to the school s web site (https://nnptc.cnet.navy.mil/)...

Officer Nuclear Power School: Weekends during A-School, steve slaton, mandatory time
steve slaton, mandatory time, luck steve: As long as you academic AND military performance are acceptable, for the most part your weekends are your own. You may occasionally have some weekend military responsibilities, and to keep your grades up almost all students must put in hours of study on weekends....

Officer Nuclear Power School: Transfer TO Berkeley Engineering as EM3(SS) Nuke, military smart transcript, military endeavors
Officer Nuclear Power School: Transfer TO Berkeley Engineering as EM3(SS) Nuke, military smart transcript, military endeavors, mahowald

Officer Nuclear Power School: Nuclear Officer, upper level math, nasty divorce
upper level math, nasty divorce, math instructor: James - I can only speak from experience: I did not have a stellar GPA when I applied to the program. Twenty years after I applied and was accepted I became the commanding officer of the school, and the criteria had remained steady; GPA alone is not a qualifier...

Officer Nuclear Power School: Transfer TO Berkeley Engineering as EM3(SS) Nuke, steve slaton, berkeley engineering
steve slaton, berkeley engineering, uc berkeley: Matthew - It has been awhile, but the last time I checked UC Berkeley did not offer an undergraduate degree in Nuclear Engineering, only MS and Ph.D.. Undergraduate introductory courses in nuclear engineering were offered, but one took those as electives while...

Officer Nuclear Power School: Path after being accepted into the Navy Nuclear program, navy nuclear program, nuclear power school
navy nuclear program, nuclear power school, nuclear power training: Greg - there is an additional obligation to remain on active duty associated with attending postgraduate school. You need to check the current requirements, but way back when I attended it was a two for one kind of deal. The MS in OR was a two year program,...

Officer Nuclear Power School: Nuclear Power Instructor Program, introductory economics course, admiral rickover
introductory economics course, admiral rickover, steve slaton: Francesca - there is no path for a full career in the USN for a NPS instructor other than to transition to another part of the navy when you complete your teaching duties. I don t think the ASVAB is required - you would be entering a specialized field with...

Officer Nuclear Power School: nuclear officer program, nuclear propulsion program, nrotc unit
nuclear propulsion program, nrotc unit, kabul afghanistan: Owen - I think the time of your application will govern how you report your GPA. When you talk with the nuclear trained officer at an NROTC unit the timing of your application will become clear. I would guess that it would be best to have at least one semester...

Officer Nuclear Power School: Naval Nuclear Officer Selection, intermediate calculus, generous salary
intermediate calculus, generous salary, nnps: Michael - the questions you pose are beyond my current level of knowledge, however I can give you some advice on how to run down the answers. First, find the nearest university with a NROTC unit and make an appointment to talk with the nuclear trained...

Officer Nuclear Power School: Nuke officer selection, propulsion field, college gpa
propulsion field, college gpa, rotc program: Tiffany - It has been a number of years since I retired and I am not an expert on the personnel side of things anymore. As you can see, I try to limit my question answering to how the school works and what a student might expect while enrolled. What you...

Officer Nuclear Power School: Excelling as an Instructor, steve slaton, fleet service
steve slaton, fleet service, luck steve: Karen - The best instructors at NPS do two things: - Become proficient in the classroom by mastering the technical subject and learning how to be an effective teacher, and; - Challenge yourself to become a leader by taking on hard assignments in addition...

Officer Nuclear Power School: Military Training Academic Credit, school prototype, nuclear power school
school prototype, nuclear power school, naval reactors: Taniel - As I recall I was responding to questions(s) about credit for NPS course of study and I do believe my response was correct: there is no official college credit given for the academic course at NPS. From an old retired Captain s perspective, and...

Officer Nuclear Power School: Non-tech Majors, nuclear power school, nuclear power program
nuclear power school, nuclear power program, technical majors: Do not fear being a non-technical major at Nuclear Power School (NPS). Non-tech major students normally do very well becasue they do have the pre-requisites (math, physics), they have a solid educational experience which taught them how to learn, and knowing...

Officer Nuclear Power School: NPS Instructor, nuclear power school, course texts
nuclear power school, course texts, technical competence: Joseph - I will try to answer your questions to the best of my ability but you must understand that that I left command of the Nuclear Power School ten years ago. Time has flown by! When you start out as an instructor you will be assigned to a teaching...

Officer Nuclear Power School: Nuc School Preperation, nuclear power school, nuclear power training
nuclear power school, nuclear power training, nuclear power program: Jeffery - First, congratulations on being selected as a candidate for nuclear power training. Selection to the program automatically tells me that you will have a solid technical background. This, coupled with a lot of hard work, will ensure your success...

Officer Nuclear Power School: Nuclear Power School and Medical School, steve slaton, balboa naval hospital
steve slaton, balboa naval hospital, illinois institute of technology: Brogan - Unless policies have changed, for security reasons there is no releasable transcript from Nuclear Power School. My recommendation is to include a description of the course work, academic rigor, and the incessant demand for excellence in your own words....

Officer Nuclear Power School: Nuclear Power School Schedule, nuclear power school, nuclear power training
nuclear power school, nuclear power training, navy life: Navy Wife: First Things First: Congratulations on your marriage and I wish you all the good luck and happiness Mrs. Slaton and I have shared for 35 years in our marriage - 29 years on active duty with only 3 shore tours! Please don t believe the rumors...

Officer Nuclear Power School: Nuclear Power School start dates, steve slaton, nuclear power school
steve slaton, nuclear power school, navy adventure: Alicia - congrats to both you and your husband! I can t answer your question directly - I retired from active duty in 1999. However, if you go to this site: https://nnptc.cnet.navy.mil/ you can contact someone directly who can answer your question. Good luck,...

Officer Nuclear Power School: nps, nuclear power school, nuclear power training
nuclear power school, nuclear power training, nuclear power program: First, congratulations on being selected as a candidate for nuclear power training. Selection to the program automatically tells me that you will have a solid technical background. This, coupled with a lot of hard work, will ensure your success in the program....

Officer Nuclear Power School: Officer NPS, nuclear power training, nptu
nuclear power training, nptu, submarine experience: First, let me apologize for the delay in answering your question. July 4th weekend was not kind to my email correspondence. Second (don t worry, I ll get to your questions eventually)- as a math major at USNA you might know a very good friend of mine -...

Officer Nuclear Power School: Path to NPS, nuclear propulsion program, balston spa ny
nuclear propulsion program, balston spa ny, steve slaton: Hector - the best source of up-to-date information on how to get into the navy nuclear propulsion program is to talk to your nearest navy recruiter or a nuclear trained officer at the nearest Navy ROTC unit. At each recruiting station there is at least one...

Officer Nuclear Power School: Pay and Promotion, cnrc navy, nuclear power school
cnrc navy, nuclear power school, school instructor: Jon - First, let me tell you that my frame of reference is starting to be quite dated - I retired from active duty in 1999 and some things have likely changed, so please follow up with your recruiter. I think the first thing you need to be aware of is that...

Officer Nuclear Power School: Power School Instructor, nuclear power plant, nuclear power school
nuclear power plant, nuclear power school, rote memorization: Well, in nuclear power school, the first part of the pipeline, you can expect 2 years worth of senior undergraduate or graduate level math, physics, ee and engineering crammed into 6 months. We call it the fire hose method of training. You can expect 8 solid...

Officer Nuclear Power School: Preparing for NNPS, nuclear power school, nuclear power training
nuclear power school, nuclear power training, nuclear power program: Scotty. First, congratulations on being selected as a candidate for nuclear power training. Selection to the program automatically tells me that you will have a solid technical background. This, coupled with a lot of hard work, will ensure your success...

Officer Nuclear Power School: Professional Engineer equivelancy, state licensing board, old dominion university
state licensing board, old dominion university, environmental engineering degree: Tony - I am not aware of any state that accepts the NR certification as part of the PE credentialing process. I have used the term equivalent to PE on resumes I have submitted for employment. The problem is, as you noted, that there is no official documentation...

Officer Nuclear Power School: Reporting to NNPS, naval weapons station, nuclear power school
naval weapons station, nuclear power school, nuclear power training: Jonathan, It has been awhile since I was at the schools (10 years ... time does fly!) but at that time we ran our own personnel system. Your orders will undoubtedly tell you to report to CO, NAVNUPOWERTRACOM - so do that first. I would expect that anything...

Officer Nuclear Power School: How to reflect Nuclear Power School/ Engineer Qualifications on Resume, naval nuclear propulsion, steve slaton
naval nuclear propulsion, steve slaton, propulsion plants: Mark - I struggled with this when I retired. After some reflection and consulting with others here s what I came up with: Under education I listed among the more traditional entries: MS (equivalent) Nuclear Engineering, Naval Nuclear Power School. In the...

Officer Nuclear Power School: refused answer, steve slaton, initial response
steve slaton, initial response, wasting your time: You seem to be annoyed by my initial response. I m sorry you feel that way, however the question you asked was purely technical and had absolutely nothing to do with the subject matter for which I volunteered to answer questions. I admit that I am not...

Officer Nuclear Power School: Train-up, nuclear power school, work rotation
nuclear power school, work rotation, instructor position: Patrick - First, congratulations on being selected as a candidate for nuclear power school instructor. Selection to the program automatically tells me that you will have a solid technical background. This, coupled with a lot of hard work, will ensure your...

Officer Nuclear Power School: Transfering Credits, college level physics, nuclear power school
college level physics, nuclear power school, partial differential equations: Jason - Unfortunately there is no official transcript of the NPS courses provided by the USN. As you may recall, the course content was all classified. Some colleges and universities will give credit but it is based on the experience of the staff and administrators...

Offspring, The: logo!, napster logo, conspiracy of one
napster logo, conspiracy of one, legal trouble: The Conspiracy of One skull design was developed from the old Napster logo (the one they first started out with) and the Offspring s development team just modified it so as not to get into legal trouble, but so it was still recognisable. And snap - i have...

Offspring, The: The Offspring AGAIN, dexter holland, west cheshire
dexter holland, west cheshire, conspiracy of one: Oh sorry!! Absolutely. From what i have been told, the new line of Conspiracy ware ( tees, jewelery, stickers, etc...) will definately be on sale. They should fetch for around the same prices as on offspringdirect.com. If you need anything else or have...

Offspring, The: The Offspring, dexter holland, west cheshire
dexter holland, west cheshire, neclaces: The neclaces as worn by Dexter Holland? Like the bike chain ones? Im sorry but they are never sold at Offspring concerts. The only things available are the likes of tee shirts, CDs and posters etc. If you live anywhere near to Liverpool, then i can tell...

Ohio: citations for crime accusations, liquor license, accurate answer
liquor license, accurate answer, safety building: Hi Kelly - Since my expertise is mainly in Cincinnati history and culture, I probably will not be able to give you an accurate answer to your question. But from what you explained, it sounds like there was an issue with your liquor license, and the warrant...

Ohio: Homeowners in Ohio, danter, ownership percentage
danter, ownership percentage, hvs: Hi Henry... My expertise mainly involves information and history specific to Cincinnati, but I found a couple of sources that I hope help you out: Home ownership percentage for 2008 was 70.8% in Ohio. http://www.danter.com/statistics/ho2008.pdf Since...

Ohio: weekend getaway in ohio.., weekend getaway in ohio, few suggestions
weekend getaway in ohio, few suggestions, zipscene: Hi Chris... Hopefully I can provide you with a few fun suggestions for a Cincinnati visit! I assume downtown Cincy would be your best option for a hotel stay and to check out some attractions. Here s a link I found that has a list of events going on thru...

Ohio: f.d. vs. ems, good character, lieutenants
good character, lieutenants, trys: Hello John - Your question appears to be outside my area of expertise. From what you describe, it is difficult to know what authority your chief has over both the fire department and EMS without knowing the details of your local laws. I would suggest asking...

Ohio: house empty, wayne county auditor, history of cincinnati
wayne county auditor, history of cincinnati, wooster ohio: This link is from the Wayne County Auditor s website: http://www.waynecountyauditor.org/Results.aspx?SearchType=Address&Criteria1=580&Criteria2=&Criteria3=Honeytown It lists a current owner. If it s for sale, contact the realtor phone number with questions....

Ohio: West Chester, skyline chili, bonefish grill
skyline chili, bonefish grill, mediterranean cuisine: Hi Roger. I don t necessarily fancy myself a cuisine expert... And I don t know that you ll find anything particularly exotic in West Chester, OH - but I ll try my best to offer a few suggestions: I ve heard lots of good things about Jag s. It s a steak...

Ohio: Life in Ohio, kroger grocery stores, city of cincinnati
kroger grocery stores, city of cincinnati, athens ohio: Hello - Since my expertise is focused mainly in the city of Cincinnati, I m not too familiar with costs in Athens - However, I can t imagine prices would be much different. I m not sure where you re moving from, but I can tell you that the mid-west, in general,...

Ohio: moving, autism society, cincinnati children
autism society, cincinnati children, cincinnati area: Hello - I specialize in local history and info about the Greater Cincinnati area (wasn t sure what part of the area you were considering). There are many resources in Cincinnati that may help regarding autism: Autism Society of Cincinnati - www.autismcincy.org....

Oil/Gas: $1/share Oil Companies, gas exploration companies, petroleum geologist
gas exploration companies, petroleum geologist, oil and gas exploration: Larry. First a caveat. I am a petroleum geologist, not a financial analyst, so I may not see the whole financial picture of a company. Also, my comments herein are not to be construed as investment advice or any type of guidance regarding your own investments....

Oil/Gas: 1-Year Oil & Gas Lease, atoka county, contiguous sections
atoka county, contiguous sections, mineral acres: Robert, you are correct, in essence, that the pooling would be based on the price of a three-year lease in the contiguous sections to yours. If no leases are available for comparison, then the state would attempt to determine a market value for the section...

Oil/Gas: 2-cycle engine oil, variable viscosity, cycle engine oil
variable viscosity, cycle engine oil, viscosity oil: The basic viscosity of two cycle oil is around 20W. However do not substitue a regular motor oil for a two cycle one. There are special additives and base oil types used in two cycle that are not really important in motor (or lube) oils. If you use anything...

Oil/Gas: 2 cycle oil in 4 cycle crankcase, oil mixtures, ash content
oil mixtures, ash content, cycle oil: Ron No don t do that! 2 cycle oil is designed for oil mixtures in a rather hot burning engine without an oil pump. It has no ash content as well. Ash is needed to offset the acidity of the motor oil as it builds up while continously running through your...

Oil/Gas: 2 gas leases at 1 time, gas leases, mineral owners
gas leases, mineral owners, gas co: Eric. I will answer your question based on my experience here in Oklahoma. I suspect that it may also apply to Pennsylvania. We actually have come across this very thing in our operations. You may indeed grant two leases to two companies at the same time...

Oil/Gas: 2007 Alabama lease, lease sales, sumter co
lease sales, sumter co, conservation department: Go the the website of the Alabama Conservation Department and check the past state lands lease sales and find tracts near you and you can tell what was paid and how much royalty was given. Those are competitive bid, lease sales, so that gives you an idea about...

Oil/Gas: Appalachian Basin Shale Play, woodford shale, appalachian basin
woodford shale, appalachian basin, eastern west virginia: Mick. I don t know the answer to your question. In some areas, minerals may sell for a multiple of a normal lease bonus. Sometimes in the 4X to 5X a normal bonus. This means that if minerals normally lease in an area for $100 per net mineral acre, they...

Oil/Gas: Atoka County Current Lease values & auctions, atoka county, frederick scott
atoka county, frederick scott, mineral lease: Nancy, Somerset Lease Holdings has been leasing recently in 10-3S-10E. They are in Dallas, TX (15660 N DALLAS PKWY DALLAS, TX 75248.) Simply call them and ask if they are interested and what they would offer. Pablo Energy has applied for pooling orders...

Oil/Gas: Atoka County, Oklahoma O&G Leases, atoka county oklahoma, mineral owners
atoka county oklahoma, mineral owners, lease transaction: Dear mineral owners: Given the size of the contemplated lease transaction, I suggest you retain an oil and gas attorney to advise you of - not only the fairness of the offer - but the leaseform you may be contemplating signing. $2000 per acre bonus is indeed...

Oil/Gas: Atoka county, Oklahoma Minerals, atoka county oklahoma, oklahoma corporation commission
atoka county oklahoma, oklahoma corporation commission, money department: The state leased it for you. Go to the Oklahoma Corporation Commission website and find the application and order pooling your section and you will find that they were unable to find you and there is money for you in the state s unclaimed money department,...

Oil/Gas: Check Deductions, lease premises, mcintosh county
lease premises, mcintosh county, gross proceeds: Robert, your lease language is not bad actually, but the gathering and transportation charges MAY be allowed, depending on where the gas is sold. If it s sold at the well, then there should be no deductions (even though your lease says “at the well”.) If it...

Oil/Gas: Contacted by Landman To Lease Property and Confused, natural gas wells, gross proceeds
natural gas wells, gross proceeds, mineral acres: Frank, the landman likely works for an oil and gas company who has hired him to get leases for them, though he may simply be a speculator who plans to sell your lease later to an oil company for a profit. Sounds kinda pushy showing up with a check and contract...

Oil/Gas: Conversion, royalty payments, gas quality
royalty payments, gas quality, drilling report: Dear John: I don t have my charts at hand, but roughly: MCFPD= 1000 cubic feet of gas per day (i.e 1 MCF). If gas is selling for $8/1000 cubic feet (1 MCF), then the one day s production is worth $8.00 roughly. There are BTU adjustments (gas quality), transportation...

Oil/Gas: correlative rights, drilling rig, stress and anxiety
drilling rig, stress and anxiety, noise ordinances: Most likely very few or none. One advantage of living in the country is not having to put up with pesky light and noise ordinances that keep people from doing as they please on their own land. One disadvantage of living in the country is not having light...

Oil/Gas: Deductions from royalties, royalty checks, mineral royalties
royalty checks, mineral royalties, royalty statement: Your royalty is not owned by the company, subject to the agreements or otherwise affected by their relations with other parties. If they sell your product, they owe you your portion of the revenues of that sale. They didn t put the gas back in the ground...

Oil/Gas: determining selling price for producing well interest, magnitude estimate, royalty income
magnitude estimate, royalty income, order of magnitude: Lisa. For an order of magnitude estimate only, I suggest you determine your average monthly net cash from the property for the past 12 to 18 months. These days royalty income (no operating expense) may sell at auction for 50X to over 60x monthly net cash...

Oil/Gas: Fayetteville and Woodford Shale Gas, woodford shale, sweet gas
woodford shale, sweet gas, gas co2: I have never worked those fields but have heard that it is a sweet gas. There is a field in Mississippi that experianced a lot of activity some 20 years ago and just as quickly died because of the expense of handling sour gas. Co2 is corrosive and H2s is corrosive...

Oil/Gas: Figuring working interest on a lease., royalty interest, lease co
royalty interest, lease co, company b: Dear Scott- From your info , Co a has a WI of 100% less some of the lease. Co, B has a WI of some of the lease. The WI % is Whatever part of 80% net. I think you are tring to figure out the net wi of A and B, that is how much $ each is getting, but info is...

Oil/Gas: Florida Mineral Law, frederick scott, surface owners
frederick scott, surface owners, mineral law: Robert, try this link for information on Florida Oil and Gas Law: http://www.leg.state.fl.us/statutes/index.cfm?App_mode=Display_Statute&URL=Ch0377/part01.htm&StatuteYear=2007&Title=%2D%3E2007%2D%3EChapter%20377%2D%3EPart%20I Copy and paste that into...

Oil/Gas: Appalachian Basin Shale Play, pennsylvania region, oil lease
Oil/Gas: Appalachian Basin Shale Play, pennsylvania region, oil lease, acre

Oil/Gas: Atoka County, Oklahoma O&G Leases, rule of thumb, gas oil
Oil/Gas: Atoka County, Oklahoma O&G Leases, rule of thumb, gas oil, oil wells

Oil/Gas: Contacted by Landman To Lease Property and Confused, mineral acreage, worst case scenario
Oil/Gas: Contacted by Landman To Lease Property and Confused, mineral acreage, worst case scenario, shell area

Oil/Gas: correlative rights, jack hammers, drilling activity
Oil/Gas: correlative rights, jack hammers, drilling activity, time workers

Oil/Gas: Figuring working interest on a lease., royalty interest, company b
Oil/Gas: Figuring working interest on a lease., royalty interest, company b, nri

Oil/Gas: gas well, minute quadrangles, pa dcnr
Oil/Gas: gas well, minute quadrangles, pa dcnr, pa geological survey

http://en.allexperts.com/q/Oil-Gas-3147/2008/1/f/gas-well-abandoned.htm


Oil/Gas: Lost gas rights, doing research, court house
Oil/Gas: Lost gas rights, doing research, court house, minerals

Oil/Gas: Mineral Rights in Montana, gas matters, oil lands
Oil/Gas: Mineral Rights in Montana, gas matters, oil lands, mineral rights

Oil/Gas: Mineral rights, unitization, well head
Oil/Gas: Mineral rights, unitization, well head, greater than one

Oil/Gas: Mineral rights reversion to 10 year surface rights owner in Louisiana., surface owner, minerals
Oil/Gas: Mineral rights reversion to 10 year surface rights owner in Louisiana., surface owner, minerals, 10 years

Oil/Gas: Montana mineral rights, mineral interest, transfer deed
Oil/Gas: Montana mineral rights, mineral interest, transfer deed, surface rights

Oil/Gas: mineral rights in Montague County; EOG hsa purchased al the land around the area, cordella, biggy
Oil/Gas: mineral rights in Montague County; EOG hsa purchased al the land around the area, cordella, biggy, mcf

Oil/Gas: OIL AND GAS OWNERSHIP IN PA, title insurance company, ogm
Oil/Gas: OIL AND GAS OWNERSHIP IN PA, title insurance company, ogm, insurance

Oil/Gas: Oil & Gas Lease Received, naro, montana
Oil/Gas: Oil & Gas Lease Received, naro, montana, threads

Oil/Gas: Gas lease, warranty deed, gas lease
warranty deed, gas lease, tangible products: Dear Bob: I do not practice law in Pa, and suggest that you see an oil and gas attorney in the Commonwealth. From your description of the reservation one-half interest in all.... probably means you own one half, so one-half is all you are leasing . I don...

Oil/Gas: Gas Storage Underground Cavern Lease Value, gas storage, type storage
gas storage, type storage, frederick scott: Les, well, it s pretty rare to have a gas storage facility under your property I d say. $1,000 annually? Can t say if that s the going rate or not for sure. I d be happy with it I suppose, as long as it wasn t intrusive to my farming etc. Might be worth a...

Oil/Gas: Gas well, tank trailers, pump tank
tank trailers, pump tank, drilling area: Yes, that is possible, or possibly, the operator might need to install some additional production equipment (separator, compressor, etc..) at the well-site prior to producing the well. Once everything is set up and the production lines are run they should...

Oil/Gas: Geology of Atoka County, woodford shale, oklahoma geological survey
woodford shale, oklahoma geological survey, bryan marshall: Martin. Sorry but I don t have any quick-look resources at my fingertips to answer your question. You might consider contacting Neil Suneson at the Oklahoma Geological Survey. I know he s done a lot of mapping along the Ouachita Thrust front. Perhaps he...

Oil/Gas: gas lease, mcintosh county oklahoma, gas leases
mcintosh county oklahoma, gas leases, frederick scott: Susan, as you hopefully read on the Ask a Question page before you sent your question, I will need a better legal descripton in order to help you. Yes, I could look at the general area you described, but that would take more time and I am doing this for...

Oil/Gas: gas from old plastic, traugott, endeavor
traugott, endeavor, gasoline: It appears that a few researchers are working on refining this process; however, I m not sure how successful they have been with their endeavor. Check out the following link. http://www.plastemart.com/upload/Literature/Gasolinefromplasticscrap.asp Hope...

Oil/Gas: gas well, commonwealth gas, washington county pa
commonwealth gas, washington county pa, pa commonwealth: Dear Jason: I don t know. The answer does not pop out of the information you have, but I agree the facts don t match up. My guess is there may be reserved mineral (oi&gas) rights--check your title insurance documents. There is an oil and gas inspector for...

Oil/Gas: gas well abandoned, personal gas, pilot light
personal gas, pilot light, kitchen stove: Janice, if the well is not producing in paying quantities (sounds like it s not) then you may be able to go to court and cancel the lease...99 years or not; or it may already be cancelled of its own accord. Once a well stops producing, the lease expires....

Oil/Gas: gas well royalties, ninety days, royalties
ninety days, royalties, johnson county: They have ninety days from first production to pay you. Put them on written demand for payment of royalties due you and give them thirty days to comply. After the thirty day period has passed, unless there is some kind of title problem with your interest,...

Oil/Gas: gas wells, gas wells, final phase
gas wells, final phase, fracture: They believe that the can create enough permeability by fracturing the zone to allow the gas they believe they have behind pipe to flow. Almost all wells that are fracture stimulated produce, occasionally they find the formation is wet or there is not enough...

Oil/Gas: house gas, horse pasture, atlas america
horse pasture, atlas america, northwestern pennsylvania: If they shut the line down for maintenance they will have to shut-in the well too, so you will be shut off in this situation regardless. I would call the corporate office and ask someone there about a Tee in front of your house, it can t hurt. Good luck...

Oil/Gas: Increased Density, major county oklahoma, royalty owner
major county oklahoma, royalty owner, wilcox family: Gary Lee, it may be abandoned if it fails to produce in paying quantities, but your wife would still be a royalty owner in that section, and so would be paid royalties from any wells in the section that are spaced at 640 acres. There are currenlty six...

Oil/Gas: How do I know if well made or not?, nomac drilling, rusk tx
nomac drilling, rusk tx, drilling rig: The fact that the original rig was lit at night suggests it was a drilling rig. Drilling operations, except at very shallow depths, usually run 24/7 and therefore require lights. Completion rigs normally only work daylight hours with the crews arriving in...

Oil/Gas: Leasing Mineral interests, range location, mineral interests
range location, mineral interests, lease form: Steven, well, they ve certainly improved their offer haven t they! I would suggest you might want to visit the courthouse where these minerals are located (if you live close.) You can see what other companies might be buying lesaes in the area and contact...

Oil/Gas: Looking at a purchase, texas railroad commission, surface rights
texas railroad commission, surface rights, mineral rights: First of all, congratulations on your purchase, obtaining land in Texas along with the mineral rights can be hard to come by sometimes. When you close the deal on the property the legal documents will include a legal description of the property; if there...

Oil/Gas: Lost gas rights, surface owner, grandfathers
surface owner, grandfathers, heirs: I think you may be right. Some states have adopted abandoned minerals laws, where no activity has affected the minerals in varying time spans, the surface owner has a procedure to follow to claim these minerals. You will need to consult with a local attorney...

Oil/Gas: how much for leasing someone's mineral rights, leasing terms, royalty rate
leasing terms, royalty rate, oil activity: Paul. I have been asked this question many times, and in most cases I am unfamiliar with the going leasing terms in the questioner s location. I am copying below an explanation I have given to others that may help you understand the process a little. ...

Oil/Gas: Maintaining a private natural gas well, resin material, plastic resin
resin material, plastic resin, sucker rods: If you are talking about putting a pumping unit on the well with sucker rods and a swab style pump then this will definitely cost more than $1,000. Where is the well located, how deep is the gas zone? Also, in your first question, what does ACS stand for...

Oil/Gas: Marketing mineral rights, barnett shale, woodford shale
barnett shale, woodford shale, acre lease: Joe. I am not an expert in how to market Barnett Shale minerals, however, I can suggest at least one starting point. That would be to speak to EnergyNet.com at that same web address. They are an internet oil and gas auction company - a very similar way...

Oil/Gas: MINERAL RIGHTS IN TEXAS, houston county texas, suspense account
houston county texas, suspense account, drilling company: Send the company a certified letter demanding payment for all of your back royalties since production began and give them 30 days from receipt to comply. If there is no question as to what you own and no conflicting ownership or title problems affect your...

Oil/Gas: Mineral Acres, conveyance records, mr mcconnell
conveyance records, mr mcconnell, mineral acres: abstracts begin with a patent or warrant and include every instrument that has ever been placed of record that covered and affected any or all of the subject tract. Every deed is in this data. Since you give no indication which state the land is situated...

Oil/Gas: Mineral Deed, hughes county oklahoma, northwest quarter
hughes county oklahoma, northwest quarter, mineral deed: Contact REAGAN RESOURCES 2525 NW EXPWY, SUITE 316 OKC, OK 73112. These people will lease your interest and give you 25% royalty. If they balk at the royalty, tell them you know for a fact they have given it to several lessors in the section. The...

Oil/Gas: Mineral Leases in Estate, mineral leases, public venue
mineral leases, public venue, landmen: Kelli. If your Mother s mineral leases are in Oklahoma, I may be able to assist you, otherwise I do not have any particular attorneys I can refer you to. If you wish to follow up, please send an email to info@kvrenergy.com I don t knowingly post any referrals...

Oil/Gas: Mineral Rights Lease, continental land resources, kingfisher county
continental land resources, kingfisher county, oilfield services: Teri, $400 and 3/16 is about the going rate in this area. I’d take the 3/16 option, rather than one of the other two. With seven acres, that’s enough to make a difference. 3/16 royalty is 50% more than 1/8. That would make a real difference with 7 acres and...

Oil/Gas: Mineral Rights in Montana, toole county montana, petroleum landman
toole county montana, petroleum landman, mineral acres: Ms. Matuschak. It is impossible to judge what would be a fair price for the sale of your minerals because I do not know the extent of your mineral holdings. I am not a petroleum landman, nor an oil and gas attorney, but I may be able to help you understand...

Oil/Gas: Mineral rights, correlative rights, hole location
correlative rights, hole location, bottom hole: Hank, I would (as I think I ve mentioned before) contact the company who is operating the well and see if your minerals are included in the drilling and spacing unit the well is on. If so, then you should be getting paid. If not, then as long as they are...

Oil/Gas: Mineral rights, mileage charges, mineral owners
mileage charges, mineral owners, hotel bills: Robin, short answer yes, and her name is also Robin! She s an oil and gas attorney in Oklahoma who works mainly for mineral owners, rather than for oil companies. This is indeed a rare thing! I trust her completely and have sought her expertise on many of...

Oil/Gas: Mineral rights reversion to 10 year surface rights owner in Louisiana., toledo bend lake, desoto parish
toledo bend lake, desoto parish, surface rights: This is not really my area of expertise, but I have a friend who is a landman in Louisiana; his name is Robert Bennett and his number is 337-984-5299, e-mail is r.bennett3@cox.net , feel free to call him or e-mail him with your question. Sincerely, David...

Oil/Gas: Montana mineral rights, frederick scott, joint tenants
frederick scott, joint tenants, mineral rights: Jon; I would say what you ve been told is INCORRECT. If you and your siblings inherited the minerals, then you own them and you can each do whatever you want to with your share upon your deaths. Upon your death, the minerals will transfer however you specify...

Oil/Gas: mickeym@nemont.net, royalty owner, royalty rights
royalty owner, royalty rights, royalty payments: A royalty owner only has rights to the portion of oil & gas they are entitled to or the amount realized from the sale of same. They do not have the right to enter into a lease agreement, to receive bonus payments, nor have rights of ingress or egress to...

Oil/Gas: mineral interest in Sebastian County, AR 22-6-32, sebastian county ar, seeco inc
sebastian county ar, seeco inc, mr mcconnell: You will notice that the company has your money and is making you fight them to get it. I don t know any attorneys in Arkansas, but you need to find a good one. You don t need to communicate with the company anymore, let the attorney do it. You have...

Oil/Gas: mineral rights in Montague County; EOG hsa purchased al the land around the area, tarrant county texas, mineral leasing
tarrant county texas, mineral leasing, leasing activity: Jeff. I am not up to speed about the mineral leasing activity in Montague Co (Texas?). From your question I deduce the following, and ask yourself if I have this correct. You own (100%?) of the mineral rights under 170 acres of land. EOG has attempted...

Oil/Gas: Need to know if there is a possibility., natural gas wells, production variables
natural gas wells, production variables, production tester: Gabe. I ve been in this business over 30 years, and although I m not a well tester, I ve never heard of diurnal variation in production rates. If it were due to the moon like the tides, then there the variation should occur 4 times a day - since tides occur...

Oil/Gas: New technology application, offshore technology conference, national oilwell varco
offshore technology conference, national oilwell varco, otc website: I would try to contact someone at National Oilwell Varco, they are the largest manufacturer of surface equipment related to the oil and gas industry. Perhaps someone in their R&D division would agree to meet with you and allow you to present your system....

Oil/Gas: Ohio surface land owner, royalty income, mineral owner
royalty income, mineral owner, mineral estate: Dear Sherrie: I do not know where you are located, the state or federal law in your area might apply. But, generally, yes the mineral owner can extract (or lease to extract) without your permission and with out payment of royalty income to you. However, the...

Oil/Gas: OIL AND GAS OWNERSHIP IN PA, fayette county pa, atlas america
fayette county pa, atlas america, school bully: You are standing outside the candy store while the school bully uses your money like it was theirs. You need to hire the attorney that believes you own the rights and put the company on demand. You may have to sue to quiet title. If you had spent the...

Oil/Gas: Oil/Gas Lease, texas rrc, texas administrative code
texas rrc, texas administrative code, mineral leases: I have never heard of the 300 ft rule, but I found this information on the Texas RRC website; also, the link to this website is below. The Railroad Commission does not regulate how close a gas well can be drilled to a residential property. However, for...

Oil/Gas: Oil & Gas Lease, oil discovery, gas lease
oil discovery, gas lease, administrative process: If your land is included in a designated or pooled unit, depending upon which state you are in, you will either be leased by administrative process, or you will be billed for your portion of the costs of drilling, testing, completing and operating the well....

Oil/Gas: Oil & Gas Lease Received, petroleum county mt, western geophysical
petroleum county mt, western geophysical, royalty owner: Ron, I lived in San Diego for about eight years; and so feel a sort of kindred spirit with you guys! Go ahead and fax the lease to me at 817-887-3400 and I ll be glad to take a look at it. I m not that familiar with Montana oil and gas leases, but leases...

Oil/Gas: Oil/Gas Mineral Rights & Leasing, j r roberts, sabine river
j r roberts, sabine river, stevensville md: This is not really my area of expertise, but I have a friend who is a landman in Louisiana. His name is Robert Bennett and his number is 337-984-5299, e-mail is r.bennett3@cox.net , I will let him know you will be contacting him. If he doesn t know the answer...

Oil/Gas: Oil Potential, petroleum geologist, independent professional earth
petroleum geologist, independent professional earth, earth scientists: Lorraine. It appears that Lewisville is in far Southwestern Arkanasas. There are many small oil and gas fields in this area. I cannot tell you precisely what is driving the renewed interest in drilling in this area, but perhaps a consulting geologist could....

Oil/Gas: Oil Royalty Interest-looking to possibly sell., oil royalties, oil royalty
oil royalties, oil royalty, royalty interest: Dear Gary, there are many factors which determine the productivity of a well. When one does not know these facts, about all one can do is guess. The 4X annual production income rule of thumb is such a guess. If you want to, send me an email thru my website...

Oil/Gas: oil gas, bureau of economic geology, texas bureau of economic geology
bureau of economic geology, texas bureau of economic geology, gas developments: Josh. Sorry but I m just not familiar enough with the Barnett to address your question nor am I experienced in the Caddo Lime reservoirs. I suggest you screen the publications of the Texas Bureau of Economic Geology. The geologists there are usually very...

Oil/Gas: oil and gas lease washita co ok, metes and bounds, metes and bounds description
metes and bounds, metes and bounds description, fence line: Either by metes and bounds description or survey of your fence line, you have encroached on 3/4 acre in another section. You probably have 5.37 acres under fence. You probably own it by adverse possession. But you will need a lawyer to answer questions...

Oil/Gas: oil and gas mineral sale, irene irene, oklahoma buyers
irene irene, oklahoma buyers, gas producers: Irene, sorry, but I haven t heard anything from buyers concerning your California minerals. I did show them to couple I thought might be interested but they weren t, at least not at this time. Perhaps if you told me how much you ve been offered this might...

Oil/Gas: oil lease issue, lease issue, oil lease
lease issue, oil lease, minority owner: That is called competitive leasing. It is neither trickery nor underhanded. Obviously everyone did not feel the same way about company B as did you. You only own one fourth. You are a minority owner. You can buy the others out, sell out yourself or try...

Oil/Gas: oil spill cleanup, oil spill cleanup, environmental question
oil spill cleanup, environmental question, mat company: OK, to do iy right you need to acquire Hazardous material drums These have a removable top secured by a locking ring. Then you need to remove the soil, leaves, and anything else that was exposed to the leaking material, and place them into the drums. remove...

Oil/Gas: oil terminals, niger river delta, positive displacement pumps
niger river delta, positive displacement pumps, port hartcourt: Michael I’m not really familiar with this topic, and I don’t really have anyone to network with on this one either. However, starting here. “Oil Terminal” Construction http://www.silport.ee/1-sot.html Gives me an idea on what is entailed in the construction....

Oil/Gas: Participating in a Gas Well (vs leasing rights), fayetteville shale play, royalty mineral
fayetteville shale play, royalty mineral, royalty share: Allen, my opinion of participating in a well is perhaps not what you are hoping to hear. I d say don t do it unless you are a real gambler and can really afford to lose ALL you initially invest (and possibly more) without any pain. The chances of a payout...

Oil/Gas: Peak Oil..., being held hostage, earth source
being held hostage, earth source, continual rise: Here is a book that can explain it better than I can. However if you read CNN today you will see where a speculator bid the price of crude over $100.00. Isn t that nice? Speculators determine the price. http://books.google.com/books?id=JuLko8USApwC&pg=PA121&lpg=PA121&dq=how+much+oil+is+left+on+earth&source=web&ots=oQzSfV_FyA&sig=r8FZxWsMagjlDxm5ATBy-bkFdRs...

Oil/Gas: Possible Illegal Aquisition of Land- Jackson Parish, jackson parish louisiana, royalty checks
jackson parish louisiana, royalty checks, family bibles: I would contact an attorney who specializes in Oil and Gas in Louisiana and ask to present your case (either a telephone consultation or office visit, whichever is free). If you cannot afford the services of an attorney, or if you simply do not wish to pay...

Oil/Gas: Production Company has been working on our land without valid lease for 14 years, lincoln county oklahoma, frederick scott
lincoln county oklahoma, frederick scott, valid lease: Keith, can t tell you much about whether the offer for $300 is fair or not without more information as to where exactly these minerals are located. Additionally, in order to help you I also need more information on the 1994 well. Is there a producing well...

Oil/Gas: Property Owner Rights, creek county oklahoma, mr mcconnell
creek county oklahoma, mr mcconnell, mineral rights: After four years, I would assume you owned them. This new operator probably wants to buy them and you probably want to sell them. But before you sell them or before you do anything with the new operator, look around the lease and anything you want done differently...

Oil/Gas: petrol, american petroleum institute, refiners association
american petroleum institute, refiners association, sweet crude oil: Ray. Based on your question, I am guessing you live in Canada or Europe? I m here in Oklahoma and my 30+ years experience in Oil and Gas are all in the US. I can t answer your refining questions directly but I might be able to point you in the right direction....

Oil/Gas: private natural gas well maintenance, maintenance question, cementation
maintenance question, cementation, water production: OK, I am a member of the SPE Environmental Technical Interest Group but I missed that article. In fact, I have forwarded the article to the client I am presently working with as we are developing some leases in the Cotton Valley and Travis Peak formations....

Oil/Gas: Researching background on abandon wells on property, dry holes, frederick scott
dry holes, frederick scott, southeast quarter: DeJay, there have been many (as many as 18 I think) small oil wells drilled in that section since the 1980 s. Currently, there are still a few that are producing..all very small oil wells. The spacing in this section over the years for the most part has...

Oil/Gas: Royalties, royalty interest, royalty payments
royalty interest, royalty payments, drilling unit: Acres you own divided by acres in drilling unit times royalty = your decimal interest. You ll need this number to figure your royalty payments. Take your decimal interest and multiply it by 5 million MCF (which equals 5 billion cubic feet.) Multiply that...

Oil/Gas: Royalty Interest Question, class action lawsuits, royalty interest
class action lawsuits, royalty interest, royalty statements: You don t and that s the problem. Read the case at www.20oaks.com/case reviews. This is an ongoing problem with all of the major gatherers. It is a systematic form of theft. No one can read one of these royalty statements nor can they independently audit...

Oil/Gas: royalties, joshua tx, mineral lease
joshua tx, mineral lease, subrogate: Dear Chris: First I do not practice law in Texas, so what I am saying is based on the Ohio situation and my experience. Generally, the mortgage companies have not charged such a fee, or so high, but remember the current mortgage crisis , the layoffs,...

Oil/Gas: royalties, acre range, bonus amounts
acre range, bonus amounts, acre of land: Chris, actually with only one acre to lease, you likely have LESS negotiating power. I am not familiar enough with leasing activity in Mississippi to tell you whether $100 per acre is a fair bonus offer or not. However, I d check with your neighbors and see...

Oil/Gas: sell or not?, van buren co, acre section
van buren co, acre section, seeco: If the price of gas remains above $7.00, they will probably drill at least two more wells in the unit. I am assuming they have integrated a 640 acre section as the unit. An appraisal would be more expensive than your royalty is worth. Your royalty would...

Oil/Gas: selling of minerals, mineral owner, mineral rights
mineral owner, mineral rights, good business: Douglas, I m assuming you had simply agreed to sell your minerals for an agreed upon price, and then, before you signed the deed, the company that had agreed to buy them began stalling and wavering on their offer. This is not good business on their part....

Oil/Gas: not sure where to start,.. landman?attorney?, mineral rights ownership, mr mcconnell
mineral rights ownership, mr mcconnell, bryan county ok: A lot of times land is sold and minerals reserved. These minerals do not wind up on the inventory of the estate, therefore become part of the residue of the estate. Whichever beneficiaries of the will are entitled to the residue owns these minerals...

Oil/Gas: status of Wyoming activity etc., interest values, mineral acres
interest values, mineral acres, descrition: David, Natrona County activity is pretty good in some areas I think these days. Lots of federal-owned land there too I believe. I know some folks in the bizz up in Wyoming actually and I would like to contact them to find out some more information for you...

Oil/Gas: stephens county, ok 11-2n-8w, severance taxes, check stubs
severance taxes, check stubs, royalty payment: Sandra. I am sorry for the delayed reply. Been away from email. I cannot offer you a specific answer, but I can suggest a way to shed more light on your question. Each month your check should arrive with a check stub. This stub will list all properties...

Oil/Gas: subsea completion, oil water separation, pipeline installation
oil water separation, pipeline installation, pipeline transportation: Debbie, I am taking this question literally in that you mean pipeline transportation to shore as opposed to flow line transportation to the drilling/production structure or to a floating storage unit and lightering to another vessel for transportation to...

Oil/Gas: surface lease help, surface leases, legal location
surface leases, legal location, landman: They would like to have the damages settled before they drill a well. However, it isn t necessary. They have the right to move on and commence operations to drill a well at a legal location and settle damages at their convenience. They have limits as to...

Oil/Gas: Tracking Oil and Gas Leases, gas leases, royalty income
gas leases, royalty income, mineral acres: Tracy. I m not a landman, nor an oil and gas attorney. Depending on the documents that conveyed the land and mineral interests to you, you might be able to establish a base case of the mineral interests your Grandmother owned. If these minerals are currently...

Oil/Gas: Adverse Possession of Minerals, adverse possession
adverse possession: John, your question is not entirely clear to me, but in general you can not adversely possess someone else s mineral estate by simply paying the taxes for many years. If you adversely possess the surface, and the minerals have not been severed (sold by the...

Oil/Gas: Atoka County, Okla. Lease Question, atoka county, mr mcconnell
atoka county, mr mcconnell, mineral owners: You have an offer for more than $11,000 for your 23.44 acres that is located in a section that has never had a well drilled and has never been pooled for any spacing of common sources. Wouldn t it be wiser to pay two or three hundred dollars for an attorney...

Oil/Gas: Canadian County, OK Lease Offer, Canadian County, OK
Canadian County, OK, Pooling: Larry, the area where your minerals are located (north of El Reno, OK) is not the hottest area in the county, but there has been some leasing activity, and a drilling permit was issued to Sandridge Energy, Inc. for section 36 in August of this year. The...

Oil/Gas: how do you convert Mcf to a per therm price, furnace efficiency, gas billing
furnace efficiency, gas billing, heat content: The terms therm and Mcf for Natural Gas (NG) are linked but refer to two different units of measure. Therms refer to the energy content of NG. 1 Therm equals 100,000 Btu. Mcf refers to million cubic feet. You have to have assay your NG energy content,...

Oil/Gas: Disposal well when lease expires, disposal wells, definitive answers
disposal wells, definitive answers, lease agreement: I do not have the benefit of your current lease to determine what rights are available to the producer . The right to use the property leased for disposal wells is usually covered in the lease agreement. This would also provide whether you were to be compensated...

Oil/Gas: Farmout Terminology, acreage in texas, lookback
acreage in texas, lookback, lingo: Without having been a party to the discussion, I wouldn t assume anything. Farm-outs and Farm-ins are written agreements and are very specific as to terms and conditions. If a company farms in the acreage, they agree to drill a well or wells at a certain...

Oil/Gas: Flammable Tap Water in Ohio, tap water, drilling activity
tap water, drilling activity, childhood home: Laura, I d say it was also a sign that you shouldn t be drinking the tap water ha ha! Seriously though, it could have been gas, but then I wasn t there of course. Rather unusual I would think, and likely was well water unless someone was playing a trick on...

Oil/Gas: Foard County TX Lease Royalty and Bonus, foard county tx, dry holes
foard county tx, dry holes, shallow wells: Tell them you will lease from the surface to 4000 for $50 ac. 1/5 and 3 year lease. There are shallow wells around you, but nothing but dry holes in your survey. It gets you some money now and keeps you open for any deep stuff that will set more surface...

Oil/Gas: how do you convert Mcf to a per therm price, cubic feet, natural gas
Oil/Gas: how do you convert Mcf to a per therm price, cubic feet, natural gas, imo

Oil/Gas: Flammable Tap Water in Ohio
Oil/Gas: Flammable Tap Water in Ohio

Oil/Gas: Is it Legal to not Honor a Signed Lease?, selling a car, feelings
Oil/Gas: Is it Legal to not Honor a Signed Lease?, selling a car, feelings, money

Oil/Gas: Oil use: Aerospace vs. Ground transportation, global shipping, supertanker
Oil/Gas: Oil use: Aerospace vs. Ground transportation, global shipping, supertanker, skiff

Oil/Gas: Gas Lease Harris County, san jacinto monument, crosby texas
san jacinto monument, crosby texas, cook mountain: I am showing that the permit #670865 was issued for the drilling of a 200 deep water supply well. I haven t gone on the RRC site to see the latest permit, as it seems they were having permitting problems with this well, which is located in the Reeves, A-60....

Oil/Gas: Gas Pipeline Classifications and Customary Obligations, marcellus shale, gas leases
marcellus shale, gas leases, mr mcconnell: I would not let them put any pipelines on my land that were not hooked to wells that produced royalty for me. You must grant a company a way to get gas and oil from your well to a tap or tanks, for which they will compensate you for damages. You will have...

Oil/Gas: gas lease, mineral owner, gas lease
mineral owner, gas lease, lease transfer: Yes, if you sell the surface of your property, you can reserve the minerals . In Texas, the period in which the minerals may be severed from the surface is in perpetuity. In Louisiana, there is a 10-year period, unless the property goes into production...

Oil/Gas: gas wells, production history, gas wells
production history, gas wells, rrc: This depends on where the well is located; some wells produce for a very long time and some only produce for a few weeks. All of the production history in the US is public data; follow the links below to view the production history for wells in TX and LA....

Oil/Gas: gas wells, friction factors, friction factor
friction factors, friction factor, flow regimes: Hello - No one can actually say how much flow can go through the 5 pipe, or the 2 pipe for that matter. Flow of a fluid (technically a fluid is a gas or liquid) through a pipe depends on the characteristics of the fluid (density, viscosity, etc.), the temperature...

Oil/Gas: Kanas Gas Wells, severance tax, kanas
severance tax, kanas, gas wells: If you had done the math (multiplying the gross amount of money times the decimal interest) you would have found that the interest grosses $1093 per month and after deducting severance tax and treating and transportation charges, it appears to be on the money...

Oil/Gas: Latimer County Gas Lease, latimer county oklahoma, gas lease
latimer county oklahoma, gas lease, response section: Section 19 appears to be geologically sound for the Atoka which is already spaced on 640 acres. Chesapeake owns the leases in section 19 and BP owns the leases in Sec 18. I would have no way to know id Chesapeake had included this acreage in their deal with...

Oil/Gas: Lease expires, frederick scott, drilling unit
frederick scott, drilling unit, oil lease: Garett, if North Dakota has a statutory Pugh clause, then any acreage not included in a producing drilling unit will be released when the current lease expires. You could then lease the remaining sections to other companies. If there is no such law in...

Oil/Gas: Is it Legal to not Honor a Signed Lease?, keithville louisiana, contract broker
keithville louisiana, contract broker, landmen: Not knowing all of the details, I would rather not comment on this. Perhaps Chesapeake doesn t know about the deal, because of something a contract broker did. Brad Kemp is Chesapeake s Landman in Shreveport. Take your time and write him an email giving...

Oil/Gas: Lincoln County, OK - Oil and Gas Lease, royalty payment, mineral interest
royalty payment, mineral interest, lincoln county: It is probably your wife s separate property that she inherited unknowingly, so they won t need your signature. Tell her to sign the lease in front of a notary, fax the signed lease to the Lessee and tell them you will mail the original when you get a check...