About Experts Sitemap - Group 40 - Page 8 2014-07-22

Party Planning: Starting Point, phyllis cambria, patty sachs
phyllis cambria, patty sachs, cambria co: Hi Rachel! This is the question I am asked most so I wrote an article that covers this exact question. You can find it at: http://www.partyplansplus.com/gettingstarted.htm It addresses your question plus gives you some information that you didn t ask...

Party Planning: Summer Party, burlap bag, great outdoor games
burlap bag, great outdoor games, water balloon: Well, Sam, there are some great outdoor games at this website http://childparenting.about.com/cs/kidspartygames/a/outdoorgames.htm and you can also plan scavenger hunts (where you have pre-hidden the items), great races --water balloon toss, hard boiled...

Party Planning: Sunday afternoon neighborhood party, cheese platters, phyllis cambria
cheese platters, phyllis cambria, patty sachs: Hi Roz! I wrote an article that covers this exact question. You can find it at: http://www.partyplansplus.com/quantities.htm It addresses your question plus gives you some information that you didn t ask but may find useful. Hope that helps. Have...

Party Planning: Surprise 40th bday, itinerary maps, location caterer
itinerary maps, location caterer, cocktail napkins: Marc...this should help! Party Checklist THE ROOM ___Party Planner, Consultant or Meeting Planner ___Location ___Caterer ___Liquor ___Bartenders ___Linens ___Cloths (to floor?) ___Napkins, Colors ___Menu Planning ___Cake ___Votives, Votive Candles...

Party Planning: Surprise 40th Party for my Husband, lakehouse, hundred acres
lakehouse, hundred acres, personal issue: Wow Stacey .... you seem concerned but I m certain it will be wonderful. I am unable to comment on how big and event it should be as your budget is a personal issue and the cost per head regarding catering is a major deciding factor. However I will say...

Party Planning: Surprise 40th party, glass photo coasters, 40th birthday party
glass photo coasters, 40th birthday party, beau coup: Hi, Melanie. I m sorry for the delay in responding. I think that s great your firend s husband is throwing her a surprise 40th birthday party, and I LOVE his idea of incorporating the photos. It will really help personalize the event. Here are some ideas I...

Party Planning: Surprise 50th for Dad, party magic, auto mechanic
party magic, auto mechanic, turning 50: I replied but heard nothing. How did it go? Hope you like it .... do let me know and please leave feedback on here anyway. John Gordon PARTY MAGIC ...

Party Planning: Surprise Anniversary Party, family circumstances, anniversary party
family circumstances, anniversary party, 40th anniversary: Hi Sounds like the info on a reception etc was a waste of time! Invitations: when woulod you loike to receibve an invitation? I don t think they can be too early but they can be too late! Nothing wrong with appetizers ... but if it s a long event,...

Party Planning: Surprise Birthday Party, surprise birthday party, planning a surprise party
surprise birthday party, planning a surprise party, patty sachs: Denise: I would definitely acknowledge the other birthdays...after singing Happy Birthday to your Husband with the cake presentation, Bring out a small cake with two candles on it...have the principles come forward and everyone can sing to them. It is...

Party Planning: Surprise birthday party envelope addresses, surprise birthday party, patty sachs
surprise birthday party, patty sachs, betty and bob: I would use the first and last name...Betty and Bob Jones, etc. As you say it is casual and I am assuming that these people are on a first name basis with the guest of honor. So if he wouldn t call them Mr and Mrs I wouldn t on the invitation. There you...

Party Planning: Surprise going away/birthday party., tight time constraints, japanese new year
tight time constraints, japanese new year, japanese theme: How frustrating...I just wrote a long letter to you and it got deleted. So here I go again. Design the invitation for the Japanese theme Birthday Celebration. Stress Surprise in the big way. Under the What area add that you will also be bidding him a...

Party Planning: Surprise Party, award trophies, red carpet
award trophies, red carpet, beleiving: Hi Nicole: This sounds like so much fun. The first thing that came to me was an academy award type of theme. You said he thinks he s a superstar and it s an after 5. Why not? If you tell your guests ahead of time about the roast, they will come up with...

Party Planning: Surprise Party Ideas, jimmy buffett fan, surprise party ideas
jimmy buffett fan, surprise party ideas, captain morgan rum: Hi There Vonda! How fun! Way to go in getting a discount on the food! I LOVE it! This is one of the best ways to save...cut the bottom line! So, great start! Is your Mom a Jimmy Buffett Fan? A Pirate Turns 60 (I think the song is for 40 ,...

Party Planning: Surprise Party, beleiving, red carpet
beleiving, red carpet, surprise party: Hi, Nicole. A roast is a great idea and I can certainly help with one if you go to my website (www.rhymeshop.com). You ll see how easy it is to give me what you want to say in a few stanzas that he will love and will delight the audience. Felicia, rhymeshop@aol.co...

Party Planning: my SWEET 16 HELP, toulouse lautrec, dinner appetizers
toulouse lautrec, dinner appetizers, professional karaoke: We apologize for not responding sooner, but we ve been traveling. Paris is a wonderful party theme. Do you have a place host your event yet? Your venue may have rules or suggestions which will help you determine your decorations and menu. As for...

Party Planning: Sweet 16 help, cocktail glasses, fashion competition
cocktail glasses, fashion competition, fashion magazines: Hi Ashley! One idea that comes to mind is a PINK VOGUE party. You could make invitations by clipping pink gowns from fashion magazines and then putting your face or each of the faces of the girls you re inviting in where the face should be (a sort...

Party Planning: Sweet 16 party planning, hollywood theme, candle lighting
hollywood theme, candle lighting, candlelighting: Hi MeLisa...a candlelighting is when the young lady calls up those girls most important to her to light a candle. Usually, she writes a paragraph about each and reads it, then calls them up to the dancefloor usually where a table sits with, in this case,...

Party Planning: Sweet 16 theme party, hollywood themed parties, tone music
hollywood themed parties, tone music, 16 year olds: Cheryl The B&W theme is a great idea and I would keep it at just that. Don t narrow it any further but allow the creative 16 year olds to interpret how they wish. that way, some may reflect 30s movies, others chess, some 2 Tone Music, or a newspaper, a...

Party Planning: Sweet 16 theme party, putting on the ritz, masquerade theme
putting on the ritz, masquerade theme, hollywood themed parties: Hello Cheryl, How much fun are you having planning a sweet 16 party! A black and white motif really lends itself to many themes. If you are doing a evening party you could do a murder mystery or masquerade theme. A Parisian theme or putting on the Ritz...

Party Planning: Sweet 16, formal dressing, girls dresses
formal dressing, girls dresses, pastel color: Hello!! I am happy you liked the idea I suggested, just let me know if you need any extra help further on with the planning. Meanwhile, please do not forget to rate my answers, that way I can continue advising others that need some help. All the best! :)...

Party Planning: Sweet Sixteen Candle Ceromony, ceromony, candlelighting
ceromony, candlelighting, sweet16: I looked around on the Internet and found this site where it looks like you can find not only music but tons of other stuff for your party. Click on song list and go from there! http://911dj.com/sweet16.htm Another great idea is to theme the candlelighting...

Party Planning: how much salad per person to make, patty sachs, deli department
patty sachs, deli department, appetites: Dear Lois: It would help if you had entertained this group before so you would know their preferences and their appetites. In most cases a short visit with your friendly deli department can give you some ideas as to the most popular salads--that is a good...

Party Planning: school auction, tulle fabric, phyllis cambria
tulle fabric, phyllis cambria, patty sachs: Hi Brittany- Before I answer your question, I have one of my own. Why would you choose a theme as casual as a beach theme if what you are trying to achieve is much more upscale event? I m not saying it can t be done, but with the pink and white stripes...

Party Planning: school fundraiser, elegant country club, golden celebration
elegant country club, golden celebration, donation requests: Karen Whilst I CAN come up with ideas it s not really the way to generate them. I could guess forever and never offer one you liked! The BEST ideas come from the content, the purpose, the reason. I cannot tell you of any ideas inspired by the name of...

Party Planning: school fundraiser, private highschool, party411
private highschool, party411, ice breakers: Hi Julia... perhaps you might come up with an activity and not a game... Based on your cruise ship theme, you may want to assign each table to do something (if you re assigning tables). For instance, I recently did a party where there was a Legos kit...

Party Planning: seating space, seating space, many tables
seating space, many tables, approximate size: Janice, you should figure 10 square feet per table. So in this case, you can probably fit about 80-100 people. I am assuming they are 60 rounds, which by the way, we usually use as 10-tops (depends on the width of the chairs). Also... you must determine...

Party Planning: serving liquor a a gathering, coffee drinker, bevies
coffee drinker, bevies, having a party: Hi Laura, It really is a matter of opinion. If you choose not to drink, that is your personal choice. It s a ncie touch as a hostess be thoughtful of what others may enjoy while entertianing them at your house. There is nothing wrong with people enjoying...

Party Planning: shower guests, jack and jill wedding shower, patty sachs
jack and jill wedding shower, patty sachs, time neighbors: Sara: This is a very touchy situation. Generally, those who are not invited to the wedding are not invited to a shower unless it is a very small family only wedding/reception. Since there are 200 people attending the wedding it would not be considered...

Party Planning: spa party/fundraiser, secure shopping cart, jafra products
secure shopping cart, jafra products, spa party: Hi, Lety. Your party sounds like fun and a party with a purpose. I m sure I can create an invitation. Will need name of school and any other pertinent details and your deadline. Just go to my site (www.rhymeshop.com); decide how many stanzas you will want...

Party Planning: Getting started, food drinks, taco bar
food drinks, taco bar, shindig: Dee, first thing is to determine the number of people so you can decide where you want to hold this shindig!! Then, make a list of your guests and subtract about 10 percent to get the most likely number (unless it s a holiday weekend--then subtract 20%)....

Party Planning: starting a business and fees?, business idea, business plan
business idea, business plan, tara: Hi! I haven t heard from you yet and I was wondering how your business plan is shaping up. I would love to talk with you about your business idea and I hope you will email me. It s much easieer to get a hold of my by email than phone. tarasheeley@sbcglobal.net...

Party Planning: no subject, cocktail reception, hooplah
cocktail reception, hooplah, employee awards: Hi Kathy, The hooplah around Sweet 16 comes from way back when turnig 16 was one of the biggest celebrations of your life. Nowadays each party is different...for me sweet 16 makes me think 50 s. You could theme your event around that era. No event has...

Party Planning: suprise sweet sixteen, high school football, one of my best friends
high school football, one of my best friends, veggie tray: Hi There, I think 16th birthday is enough of a theme! Keep everything very simple...she is going to remember the party...not the decorations! Food can be very simple, a veggie tray, chips & dip, chili...whatever her favorite is! You can even have...

Party Planning: surprise 70th birthday party, surprise birthday party, 70th birthday party
surprise birthday party, 70th birthday party, kids birthday party: Anita: Sorry for the delay in answering. This sounds like a wonderful theme and it lends itself to a lot of imagination. Toys as decorative touches on the tables, little trinket toys as favors, balloons, streamers and the usual kids birthday party stuff....

Party Planning: surprise 70th birthday party, surprise birthday party, 70th birthday party
surprise birthday party, 70th birthday party, oriental trading company: Hi Anita, I apoligize as this is the second time I have answered this question for you. Obviously, there is a computer problem here somewhere, so I do apologize for the delay and inconvenience. I did think if a few things you could do for decorations....

Party Planning: surprise 70th birthday party, surprise birthday party, 70th birthday party
surprise birthday party, 70th birthday party, planning a surprise birthday party: Anita, I think that sounds fabulous. I be your mom will love it, and it sounds like it will be really fun for your mom. I ve found a few ideas online that I think might help. Here are some great general party decorations with a 70 year old birthday banner...

Party Planning: surprise baby shower, surprise baby shower, baby shower guest book
surprise baby shower, baby shower guest book, scrapbooking materials: Hi Karthik! I m not completely clear on your question. Are you putting together a special guest book to give the mother after the shower? Is the guest book a surprise or will it be obvious to the new mom that guests are signing it as they arrive? Are...

Party Planning: surprise baby shower, baby shower guest book, surprise baby shower
baby shower guest book, surprise baby shower, patty sachs: Karthik: This is sort of hard to answer since I don t know the guest of honor. You would be far more apt to come up with a cute saying, knowing her likes, dislikes, quirks and frequent sayings. Since it is a surprise, the word surprise could be incorporated...

Party Planning: surprise going away part, eve 6, seventeen years
eve 6, seventeen years, silly games: Hi Sarah the problem with the question, and why I can t give you an answer of any value, is that you ve not told me enough. I DO have some ideas but please tell me: 1) How many people is it for? 2) Are they a male female mix? 3) Are they all around...

Party Planning: surprise party for best friend!, throwing a surprise party, slip and slides
throwing a surprise party, slip and slides, panama city florida: Aubrey I sent an answer before but it looks as thougyh it didn t go through (as I just received a reminder!). No idea what a regular size yard is ... in the UK (where I am) a yard is a concreted area .... if there is grass, flower beds, trees etc we call...

Party Planning: A surprise party for my boyfriend., surprise party, daytime evening
surprise party, daytime evening, snack: Hi Bekah I ll try to help .... some questions fro you: Where are you both? How many people would it be for? What kind of party? Daytime, evening? Indoor or out? Involove eating or just snack and drinking? Some ideas of the size and style and...

Party Planning: sweet 16, birthday party theme, space church
birthday party theme, space church, kareoke machine: Hi Jennifer, Well, you might think you are at a loss, but it sounds like you almost have the party planned. Parties are best when they are kept simple. Do what you love and what you know . Have a Studio 16 birthday party theme. Spin all of your...

Party Planning: sweet 16, sweet 16 birthday party, pencil line
sweet 16 birthday party, pencil line, circle template: Design A Party using clear and solid party plates. Using sturdy plastic plates, cups and bowls you can insert anything from logos to fabric between the colored and clear plates, cups and bowls. All you have to do is use whatever picture you want and place...

Party Planning: sweet 16 surprise, party poodle, cream sodas
party poodle, cream sodas, party planning ideas: Themes… I tried to focus on your daughter s interests as well as the broad age group of those attending. The following might work as some possible ideas for your party… • A 1950 s Party- invite guests over for a sock hop themed party- poodle skirts, leather...

Party Planning: My sweet 16, french pastries, swming
french pastries, swming, eiffel tower: Katie, Paris would be a great theme. The centerpieces on each table can be Eiffel Towers and your menu could be French with french pastries for dessert. And don t forget French bread (small sandwiches for appetizers) and French fries, of course. I could...

Party Planning: Table Centerpieces, flowers in season, candles on the table
flowers in season, candles on the table, smooth rocks: Monica You are right to be concerned about every detail...but....the centre pieces will not really contribute to having a good time! It is hard to beat beautiful flowers in season. I have seen some stunning pieces simply made and a visit to a good florist...

Party Planning: Tea Party Bridal Shower, april shower, table arrangement
april shower, table arrangement, tea party: Hi April It s a shower ..... so it s an April shower! May mean nothing to you but in the U|K (where I am) it s a common term. Don t wish to avoid your problem but you MAY be better asking a woman! I don t understand why you are only concerned about the...

Party Planning: Tea party, tea party theme, fruit skewers
tea party theme, fruit skewers, aunts and uncles: Okay, so you planned a most exciting and wonderful party for your two children and other adults have invited themselves. This happens very often. Especially with family. First off, I would tell them that you were not originally planning on feeding the adults...

Party Planning: Teen Party Ideas... HELP! :-), good buddies, marvelous idea
good buddies, marvelous idea, 14th birthday: I ve got a great idea for you, Amanda. Why not a scavenger hunt based on rock and roll or hip hop? Basically, I guess I m suggestion music. Or a video scavenger hunt? For not much money, you can rent video cameras (or have your friends bring their own)....

Party Planning: Theater / Film Party, purple candles, stage curtain
purple candles, stage curtain, velvet drapes: what a great idea. download old film posters from online and print them up and put them on the walls. Replicate old theatre tickets and hand them out as guests arrive. Perhaps have someone handing out ices and drinks as they used to during the intervals and...

Party Planning: Theme for Graduation Party, memphis blues bbq, chocolate cd
memphis blues bbq, chocolate cd, party411: Teresa...a Memphis Blues BBQ sounds great and it rhymes...I like it! LOL. Okay, well, let s see. A subtitle that you could use throughout (on the invites, on a welcome sign, sign-in board (book), etc., would be something like We love the blues, but we don...

Party Planning: Theme Idea for a Promotion of a Corporate Executive, theme idea, exotic cars
theme idea, exotic cars, planning a party: Hi Tam I didn t see a response from my reply to you, nor any feedback on the site (both important to me). Any news? John PartyMagic Sounds a good start but cannot help you unless I know as much as possible including: Numbers Who will be present...

Party Planning: Theme Party, hollywood theme, door prizes
hollywood theme, door prizes, table coverings: Hi Katie: The first thing that comes to mind for decorations is a little bit of the Hollywood theme. You know, with stars and maybe gold and silver table coverings. You can easily do simple table coverings with something more flashy for the centerpiece....

Party Planning: Theme party ideas!!!, party theme ideas, theme party ideas
party theme ideas, theme party ideas, impressive pool: Hello Pam, Your party ideas so far sound fabulous. You sound so excited about the entire event so I don t think you will have any problem finding a suitable theme for your party. Theme Ideas: Aloha Ball - A wonderful opportunity fo your guest to...

Party Planning: Theme party q, slang dictionary, volunteer coordinator
slang dictionary, volunteer coordinator, murder mystery: Dinner and a Murder has a complete 1920 s theme party page. You can find everything from menu s with recipes, wholesale decorations and costumes, instructions on how to do your hair, makeup and even the Charleston. There is a link to a great free streaming...

Party Planning: Theme, floral centerpiece, table cloths
floral centerpiece, table cloths, favorite flower: Hi Fai Still uncertain what YOU want (it s not about what I want!). The solutions would need to be quite different for different size groups in different locations at different times of the day / evening etc. Whilst a monochromatic decor would work...

Party Planning: Themed Going Away Party, halloween theme, rule of thumb
halloween theme, rule of thumb, going away party: Hi Alysia, The rule of thumb is 4 to 5 pieces of each appetizer for every person attending. I, however, find this to always end up being way too much food. I usually estimate 3 pieces of each appetizer per person and leave it at that. The men tend to...

Party Planning: Thinking about a party planning business in MA, niche market, measure results
niche market, measure results, starting a party planning business: Yolanda Of course you have to start somewhere. Just making a start is essential. This will give you mementum and then you can grow from there. HOWEVER....be careful. If you choose the wrong start...and get little or no response, it can have a negative...

Party Planning: Thinking about a party planning business in MA, established company, pretence
established company, pretence, party planning: i planned my first wedding on the pretence that I had done 10 already! It was the most complicated wedding I have done to date. If you tell people you are just starting they will walk away. You have to exude the confidence to do it, even if you lay awake at...

Party Planning: Thirteenth Birthday Party, minutes in heaven, thirteenth birthday
minutes in heaven, thirteenth birthday, girl party: Hi Amanda! And an early happy birthday! :) As for food, what do you and your friends usually eat? My guess is that if you have chips, pretzels and that sort of snack that would be perfect. You can also have pizza or one of those super-long sandwiches....

Party Planning: My Thirteenth, how low can you go limbo, luau party
how low can you go limbo, luau party, limbo game: Hello Courtney, You are no longer a tween but will officially be a teen. So get into the groove with a teen party! Rock and roll or Limbo your way to teen-hood. You can be untraditional and have a Luau or Fiesta in November. Now you can do the Limbo at...

Party Planning: TV Show?, own tv show, how to fold a fitted sheet
own tv show, how to fold a fitted sheet, sorority sister: Jeff, this sounds awesome -- but mind you selling it as the next Martha Stewart may not go over well in some parts of the country. Next highly successful women entrepreneur who is highly skilled in all areas of personal and corporate catering and entertaining...

Party Planning: teen-agers, pot luck food, knights of columbus hall
pot luck food, knights of columbus hall, table clothes: Ann, There s lots of fun stuff that can be done on a budget. There are several great books on the subject -- look in the wedding section of the book store -- I know, you are NOT marrying these kids off , but the ideas are universal, the wedding title...

Party Planning: my teen boy girl party, 13th birthday party, 13 year old boys
13th birthday party, 13 year old boys, fabric markers: We can tell you must love planning parties as much as we do since you re already thinking about your big event. Are you sure you want to invite boys to a tinkerbell-themed party? Will any of the boys on your invitation list be into your theme, or is it...

Party Planning: themed parties, war buddies, arvidson
war buddies, arvidson, theme parties: Leila, Please don t think I m being smart,but there are unlimited ideas for theme parties. Think about your attendees, their ages, their likes and dislikes, their level of mobility, and what you want to accomplish at your party. Is it a get-together...

Party Planning: time of mystery, murder mystery party, murder mystery games
murder mystery party, murder mystery games, interactive murder mystery: Most decent games run 2.5-3 hours. This does include dinner. It is also worth noting that if you use an interactive murder mystery kit, your guests will be able to hold conversations outside the murder mystery party. Every party I have ever hosted included...

Party Planning: timing of open house, patty sachs, distant relatives
patty sachs, distant relatives, even flow: Suzanne: That is exactly what we advise...stagger the times for various groups... Close relatives for the whole party...1-6 (for instance) (no more than 5 hours total...) Distant relatives, close friends 1-4 Workmates/neighbors,church 4-6 That should...

Party Planning: Unique Invites, celtic imagery, mini bottles
celtic imagery, mini bottles, irish theme: What a great party theme! You can have a lot of fun with this. We ve worked on a few cocktail themed parties - martini, champagne, cosmopolitan, tequila, and liquor are all popular theme choices. What I love about Hennessy is that you can also play up the...

Party Planning: Vegas Theme Graduation, sword swallowers, patty sachs
sword swallowers, patty sachs, congratulations on your graduation: Kevin: This would be an outrageously successful party theme and all of the things you have mentioned would be doable. BUT!!! Unless you have an almost unlimited budget, the plan would be very expensive. If you really wanted to do this party I would suggest...

Party Planning: Venue Selection, washington dc area, charter transportation
washington dc area, charter transportation, botanic gardens: Well, some ways to save money in this market is to be flexible with your dates -- if you can put off the banquet till January your rates will be considerably lower than if you want to book a weekend day or evening between Thanksgiving and New Year s. This...

Party Planning: Wedding Attire, wing collar shirt, patent shoes
wing collar shirt, patent shoes, satin stripe: Hi Sue, Invitations to special events and formal affairs should indicate what type of attire expected. Problem is not everyone knows what it means and throughout history they have all taken on different meanings. Black Tie was orginally to indicate...

Party Planning: Wedding Buffet for 80 people. HELP, food quantities, patty sachs
food quantities, patty sachs, wedding buffet: You will find a lot of information on quantities if you just type in food quantities in entertaining on your web search, such as Google. Not knowing the guest makeup or other details, it is hard for me to give you reliable advice on this. You can also...

Party Planning: Wedding Dinner, beef sausage, high school kids
beef sausage, high school kids, dessert table: Hi Jody, Congratulations on your upcoming wedding! I d need to know what you are going to be having for your dinner to be able to answer your question fully. If you are going to be having liquor and other adult beverages at your reception, the...

Party Planning: Wedding Party, engagment party, wity
engagment party, wity, ascap: Well., Jamie, you ve come to the right place. You ve described our specialty. Please go to www.rhymeshop.com and you will see how easy it is to tell me what you want to say about the couple, give all the details, and decide (order) as many stanzas as you...

Party Planning: Wedding Reception for 200, table center pieces, little smokies
table center pieces, little smokies, white trailer trash: Wendy I m afraid I am unable to answer catering questions. You ll see on my resume that I specialize in other areas. Personally I wouldn t use the title you suggested as it may be offensive to someone ... if in doubt, leave it out! Good luch in your...

Party Planning: Wedding Reception Bar, patty sachs, liquor outlets
patty sachs, liquor outlets, discount liquor: Dear John: AS I advise all who ask this question: Seek the help of your local liquor store manager who can give you a professional opinion of what you will need. They will often give you the liquor, mix, ice, etc. and allow you to return any unopened...

Party Planning: Wedding Reception, bellagio hotel in las vegas, apx 30
bellagio hotel in las vegas, apx 30, patti patti: Patti, The hotel only makes money on the sleeping rooms you consume and the overhead on drinks and food. Since you have a small group -- they are making virtually nothing on your hotel rooms. A cake cutting fee is more than reasonable. here in DC...

Party Planning: Wedding re-budget, step mom, string quartet
step mom, string quartet, string music: If the venue is provdidng the catering, cut the menu back to a lower cost option. Explain the situation with the florist and reduce some of the repeat items, such as table decorations. Have scattered petals on the tables rather than table centres. Can you...

Party Planning: Wedding Shower - Victoria Secret or Italy???, pizza pan pizza, pizza cookbooks
pizza pan pizza, pizza cookbooks, pasta sauces: Hello Lixxy, If you opt for the Italian Shower here are some thoughts... Italian Night Bridal Shower Italian Cuisine - with checkered table covers, breadsticks, spaghetti and wine tasting. Gift ideas and party favors or decorations - pasta in jars,...

Party Planning: Welcome Home Party Ideas, patty sachs, balloons streamers
patty sachs, balloons streamers, welcome home party: Dear Georgette: Congratulations on your husband s return. I know you are just walking on air. The party you are having is not unlike a birthday party, in fact, since he missed his last birthday (maybe two) you might just want to go that route...Welcome...

Party Planning: Welcome Home party, latin dancing lessons, vegetarian earth
latin dancing lessons, vegetarian earth, party magic: Lindsay It sounds to me as though some coctail and dinner would be great. Obviously mexican is good if the homecomer is a veggie. I wouldn t bother with spending money on theming a room .... but I would add this idea to make the evening special and,...

Party Planning: White Linen 50th birthday, 50th birthday party, patty sachs
50th birthday party, patty sachs, loving neighbor: Dear Angela: I would say that this is a request that is rather pushy. It is one thing to request a color scheme but to request a color AND an expensive fabric is too much. Most women do not own this sort of thing due to the fact that it is expensive to...

Party Planning: Wording for retirement/birthday party cake and toast, catchy phrase, party magic
catchy phrase, party magic, corporate contracts: OK ...... Just a quick thought then ...... As you ve gone with the general computer theme as opposed to IBM.... I d use phrases in the toast about: How people have logged on and are in his favorites and saved and so on. Perhaps round up with...

Party Planning: Working Baby Shower, baby showers, coffee tea
baby showers, coffee tea, company time: Dear Mindy; Thank you for your question about Office Baby Showers. As most of my readers know, (www.perfect-baby-showers.com) the purpose of a baby shower is to help parents welcome a new life into the world. In this case, your primary question is how to...

Party Planning: I want to host a birthday..., chocolate cards, queen of hearts
chocolate cards, queen of hearts, great fortune: Well, without knowing much about her, there are two I would suggest to you, Patricia! The first would be using cards--since a lot of people in that generation played a lot of cards. I just did this for a client... Joan is stil a card at 80! and we had...

Party Planning: I want to start my own event planning business., phyllis cambria, patty sachs
phyllis cambria, patty sachs, cambria co: Hi Janice! This is the question I am asked most so I wrote an article that covers this exact question. You can find it at: http://www.partyplansplus.com/gettingstarted.htm It addresses your question plus gives you some information that you didn t ask...

Party Planning: wedding, patty sachs, silver ribbons
patty sachs, silver ribbons, banquet manager: Janice: I have seen some exquisite table settings with black cloths. But it really depends upon the lighting in the room and if you are going for a dramatic effect rather than a brighter one. Keeping the lights low, candles, etc. works best with this theme....

Party Planning: wedding anniversary open house, patty sachs, wedding anniversary
patty sachs, wedding anniversary, open house: JJ: It is perfectly allright and appropriate to host a party for your parents big anniversary whenever you feel it is convenient. Some people plan a big party around the availability of key people. Say your out-of-town siblings could not make it home...

Party Planning: wedding catering, lovely buffet, wedding catering
lovely buffet, wedding catering, wedding party: Hello Tina, not too long ago I catered for a wedding party where the guests were treated with all kinds of pasta with different sauces. Pasta is always inexpensive and the different sauces is what makes the kick . Everybody was happy with the selection...

Party Planning: wedding decor, linen tablecloth, white linen
linen tablecloth, white linen, tableclothes: Hi Janice, Black tablecloths and red centerpieces have the potential to make for a very elegant event. However, there are many things to consider before settling on this... 1) Are the walls dark in the reception hall? 2) Is there dark carpeting in the...

Party Planning: wedding reception, plastic champagne glasses, patty sachs
plastic champagne glasses, patty sachs, luncheon plate: Mandy: Well, you need one dinner plate or luncheon plate for each person depending upon what you are serving. A set of utensils for each person and napkin for each person. I would have on hand about 20 extra of each item for spills or other needs. So...

Party Planning: wedding reception, patty sachs, drinking group
patty sachs, drinking group, liquor store: Suzanne: This is so individual. You need to go through your list and determine how many people actually drink, if you can. That makes a big difference if you have people who will just have a sip for the toast. Or if yours is a heavy drinking group, going...

Party Planning: wedding reception, banquet manager, catering manager
banquet manager, catering manager, best bet: Hi Octavia, It is usually not required to tip, as it is should be included in the 21fee they are charging you. That being said...everyone is delighted to receive a little something for a job well done. However, staff are not always allowed to accept....

Party Planning: wedding reception, forks and knives, dessert plates
forks and knives, dessert plates, plastic plates: Hi There, Congrats on your upcoming wedding! As for disposables, I would have a minimum of 3 plates per person (people go for seconds, plates get dropped, people take 2 accidentally...) Any leftover plates can be used on an evening that you are feeling...

Party Planning: wedding shower, bistro tables and chairs, paris architecture
bistro tables and chairs, paris architecture, royal palaces: Hi Michelle, Paris! What an excellent idea for a bridal shower...vive l amour! Seeing as I am located in Canada, I can t be much help referring you to a rental shop in Chicago...but I can give you some ideas for the rest of the party. Paris is situated...

Party Planning: wedding shower, french baguettes, wine cheese
french baguettes, wine cheese, mail inbox: Hi Michelle, Sorry for the delay in my response, but for some reason the All Expert emails were being filtered to my junk mail inbox. What a great theme and fun idea. I love it. Ok, here are a few ideas I had for you. Invites: The cheapest way...

Party Planning: wedding shower, french poodle, maurice chevalier
french poodle, maurice chevalier, search google: Michelle Wityh something like this you need to use imagery and ideas that sum up Paris for you. I know what it means to me as I visit several times a year ... but Monmartre, the Left Bank, Caricature Artistes, The Eiffel Tower, The Mona Lisa, Snails, Bistros,...

Party Planning: wedding shower, heterosexual men, espn zone
heterosexual men, espn zone, stock paper: First, we have to caution you in regards to a couples bridal shower. This is not an event that most heterosexual men want to attend. Unless you host it at the ESPN Zone or tailgate style, there is no possible way to make men feel comfortable at it. You...

Party Planning: wedding shower, planning a wedding shower, type quantities
planning a wedding shower, type quantities, patty sachs: If you visit our site at http://www.partyplansplus.com and type quantities into the search function there you will find a few articles that address the subject of quantities. Also, typing food quantities wedding shower into Google will come up with...

Party Planning: wedding shower invitations, wedding shower invitations, stephanie malone
wedding shower invitations, stephanie malone, present in spirit: Hi, Alexis. Thanks for your question. I m assuming you received the invite list from your friend who you are throwing the shower for? If that s the case, I would definitely send to everyone on the list, even if you are fairly sure they won t be able to come....

Party Planning: wedding shower, proper manner, wedding shower
proper manner, wedding shower, immediate family: Well, you have an interesting challenge. But you ve asked the right person. I can do it in style with humor in two stanzas. Just go to my website (www.rhymeshop.com) and you ll see how easy it will be. Hope to be able to help you and make it fun for all....

Party Planning: wedding, planning a wedding reception, light elements
planning a wedding reception, light elements, red flowers: Hi Janice, There is no such thing as wrong in decor. No arguing while planning weddings! Bad karma:0) Keep the energy positive and light. This is one of the most special days in your daughters life, think of that above all else. Especially, when there...

Party Planning: welcome home party, colored construction paper, time in poland
colored construction paper, time in poland, welcome home banner: Start with the things your sister might be homesick for. Is there any special food she couldn t get in Poland? Either a regional specialty or a recipe that only your mom or perhaps grandmother makes? Begin planning your menu from there and then fill in...

Party Planning: welcome home party, patty sachs, light refreshments
patty sachs, light refreshments, welcome home party: Marcy: I would do her a favor and give her a week to recuperate from the flight and to get a little settled into her new life. If she is too tired or jet-lagged she will not enjoy herself or the other guests. As far as decorations, I wouldn t fret too...

Party Planning: welcome home party, dessert party, welcome home party
dessert party, welcome home party, throwing a party: Hi bekah I have no idea what a dessert party is. What wording do you need help with? Is it the invitation? Tell me what you have already and I ll improve / add / delete to improve it ... but I have no infromation to even make a start. How will...

Party Planning: welcome home party, welcome home party, babyshower
welcome home party, babyshower, cool things: Hello Michelle, I very much apologize for the delay. I was on vacation all this week and last and forgot to notify Experts. If I am not too late to help, I would love to do so! Please give me a bit more information... where is your brother coming home...

Party Planning: My wife, fortune teller, thoughtful man
fortune teller, thoughtful man, girlfriends: You are a good and thoughtful man. You might want to hire a fortune teller or a make up artist to give tips...bounce that off of her and see what she thinks. Both would be great fun. Also, you could ask each person to create a scrapbook page for her and...

Party Planning: wine/beer for party, wine beer, beer wine
wine beer, beer wine, engagement party: Hi There, A good estimate (you ll likely have leftovers, though... good thing most people don t mind having extra cans of beer around!) is 3 drinks per person the first hour that they are at the party and 2 drinks per hour after that. Its a little trickier...

Party Planning: wine for party, patty sachs, approximate ages
patty sachs, approximate ages, liquor store: Craig: I always suggest visiting your local liquor store (discount is good) and ask the manager what he would suggest. He will ask the approximate ages of the guests since that determines quantities...plus if you know whether any of your guests absolutely...

Party Planning: one year old bithday party, food resturant, sheeley
food resturant, sheeley, son birthday: You know Jeannie, I would never suggest a fast food resturant because I don t personally think you get your money s worth. My brother in law had a most wonderful idea for his daughter s first birthday and it was quite a hit. So, I d like to pass that on...

Pascal: How to get 50 lines using the "intr" ommand?, error 200, google
error 200, google, time error: it should be noted that using CRT textmode is a better way of getting to 50 lines or 25 lines. (if you have run time error 200 when you use CRT, replacement units can be found if you google it) now to get to the topic: Example program: program textmodeswitch;...

Pascal: Accessing files, turbo pascal version 7, pascal version
turbo pascal version 7, pascal version, command line arguments: use exec() to run external programs -- uses dos The first parameter of exec locates the path of the executable, and the second passes the command line arguments to the new program (keep all of them in one string; if you have things longer than 255 characters,...

Pascal: accessing executable files, turbo pascal version 7, pascal version
turbo pascal version 7, pascal version, pascal language: Hello Adam, Turbo Pascal has a special word for this purpose: Exec . It means: execute the following . I copied the following example from Turbo Pascal s Help file: { Example for DosExitCode and Exec } {$M $4000,0,0 } { 16K stack, no heap...

Pascal: arrays in Turbo Pascal, variable length array, arrays in turbo pascal
variable length array, arrays in turbo pascal, error checks: you don t. for variable length array (not that you ll really need them anyways, just make a static length long enough for the maximum case) , try use the following: in the declaration: var p,q: ^char; k: integer; in the program: before you...

Pascal: binary serch, array array, empty array
array array, empty array, integer minimum: Hello, To view record, you will have to look directly in the file. In fact you should not consider that there is enough memory to store all the data from the file into an array. At the begining, the database will not contains too much data, but usualy,...

Pascal: Compiler with over 64k for stack and variable?, logo interpreter, heap space
logo interpreter, heap space, stack space: Hello Sebastien, To my best knowledge, there is no compiler under DOS that goes beyond 64 in each of it s departments : 64K for stack, 64K for heap. (Of course it does not mean that such a thing does not exist). Theoretically, if you use a 16 bit compiler,...

Pascal: Computing, turbo pascal 7, mandelbrot julia
turbo pascal 7, mandelbrot julia, pascal syntax: Hello, Sorry, I do not know the time allowed to your project, and neither your programming skills, so here are some exemple of projects : + An account manager : A program that can handle severals accout. You can enter all the depences and incommes....

Pascal: Convert from TPU to PAS, tpu files, language machine
tpu files, language machine, readable format: The simple answer is No. During the compile process the debugging information (variable names, instructions in readable format) is [usually] lost (so only machine code remains), so given you are asking in this place (that you are assumed to be less proficient...

Pascal: Dear Sir,I am now doing..., microsoft visual foxpro, visual foxpro 5
microsoft visual foxpro, visual foxpro 5, winpass: hi Oscar...... regarding the question you asked me I would be very pleaased to try to give an answer to that... As a pascal expert, i know what the answer is in pascal, but not in FoxPro, but it could be similar if u take a look at the help... in pascal...

Pascal: data structures on Pascal, usefull books, turbo pascal
usefull books, turbo pascal, google: Hello, I m sorry I m french so I only know french book. But you will find a lot of internet web site. Try to search for Turbo pascal in google, you will find many. For example http://www.algonet.se/~khaan/tutor/index.html http://www.devq.net/pascal/...

Pascal: data structures on Pascal, usefull books, grady booch
usefull books, grady booch, object oriented analysis: My goodness, I hate theoretic studies about programming languages. :) Nevertheless, here is my list. It is very short - two books only. You can take the first one, look in the end of it and find EVERYTHING, literally. The second book is more than practical....

Pascal: delay( );, turbo pascal 7, turbo pascal version 7
turbo pascal 7, turbo pascal version 7, pascal version: Hello Adam, Sorry for the delay in my answer. The Delay procedure of the Turbo-Pascal 7 was designed for the old good 286 machines. Even there it didn t work properly. To make a delay procedure do the following: function timer:real; var hour,minute,second,sec100:word;...

Pascal: division by zero problem, turbo pascal 7, borland pascal
turbo pascal 7, borland pascal, other search engines: if you look for a patch on Turbo Pascal for machines of 200 MHz or faster(specifically Turbo Pascal 7.0 , most likely because older versions don t get as much community attention) on google (or other search engines) you should be able get something out...

Pascal: error in use unit in turbo pascal, turbo pascal 7, elliot koffman
turbo pascal 7, elliot koffman, pascal help: first of all, if you can, please rename all the folders into the traditional 8.3 format (filename of max 8 characters, extension of max 3 characters; other restrictions such as no spaces, may apply) because the last time I have checked the Dos program is...

Pascal: Accessing files, thx
Pascal: Accessing files, thx

Pascal: delay( );, pascal code, possible solution
Pascal: delay( );, pascal code, possible solution, current time

Pascal: Integer Variables, four digits, mod 10
Pascal: Integer Variables, four digits, mod 10, n4

Pascal: Pascal password, count integer, password string
Pascal: Pascal password, count integer, password string, keyboard code

Pascal: pascal language, pascal, languages
Pascal: pascal language, pascal, languages, microsoft

Pascal: question, paint program, pascal
Pascal: question, paint program, pascal

Pascal: sorting within arrays
Pascal: sorting within arrays

Pascal: Trying to make a basic program., tennis sport, string x
Pascal: Trying to make a basic program., tennis sport, string x, favourite sport

Pascal: Turbo pascal Validation, turbo pascal 1, invalid input
Pascal: Turbo pascal Validation, turbo pascal 1, invalid input, auto check

Pascal: .tpu files, public declarations, implementation
Pascal: .tpu files, public declarations, implementation, interface

Pascal: Graphics for Prospero Extended Pascal, prospero extended pascal, turbo pascal program
prospero extended pascal, turbo pascal program, graphics capability: if you find turbo Pascal satisfactory in the graphics capabilities (640x480 in 16 colours) then I would suggest using it with user-defined complex numbers as, per se, an array [0..1] of real {or the pointer to it}, or a pointer to a record-based definition....

Pascal: graphics programming, bloodshed dev pascal, borland pascal
bloodshed dev pascal, borland pascal, borland library: Hello, BGI is a Borland library for graphic programming. I don t know if it is possible to use it with another compiler (i.e. you can not simply link these file with yours). It only provide procedure and function for simple graphics (2D) : line, circle,...

Pascal: HARDWARE/GRAPHICS PROG., sound blaster keyboard, turbo pascal 7
sound blaster keyboard, turbo pascal 7, midi sound: Hello, The best thing you have to do is to look around for dedicated web site... You ve also books some are very good (Sorry I ve no english title, because I m french). Clearly, now the most used operating systems is Windows(and maybe Linux ?). In both...

Pascal: Hoe to write a program, software development environment, screen layouts
software development environment, screen layouts, software development process: {here is a sample below} {the structure of the program: input module: 3 user input with range limit is received from user. an array would be used since the size of the list is restricted to 3 and an array can be accessed...

Pascal: Integer Variables, integer variables, string variables
integer variables, string variables, astring: Dear Yugeshan Chetty, First question : You can print anything you want in graphic mode until it s a string !!! The trick is to convert numbers into strings using the STR procedure : STR (ANumber,Astring); ANumber : a number, either real or integer....

Pascal: Integer, fourty fifty sixty, real string
fourty fifty sixty, real string, string word: Hi Joel; Your question is clear and simple but its answer is a bit complex. So I can t help you with telling you what to do. And I wrote a small function which does it. This function seperates number into 4 groups then converts every part to text....

Pascal: inserting record in a sequential file, turbo pascal 7, code ascii
turbo pascal 7, code ascii, stock database: Hello, You re right, you have to use a new file. If you want to insert a record at position N. + Create a temporary file, call it Temp.tmp , or choose a random name (using the code ascii of 8 random numbers, for exemple). + Read the N-1 first records...

Pascal: a long algorithm question, but any help would be much appreciated!, elemets, linear search
elemets, linear search, paralel: first you want to have the record, like: type item = record number: longint; desc: string; price: real; end; var list: array[0..999] of item; max: integer;{# if items in the current array} ...

Pascal: It looks right but the answer is wrong??, turbo pascal 7, size calculator
turbo pascal 7, size calculator, calculator v1: there are 3 solutions, depending on platform (one of them is on windows): 1) change your variables from integer to longint (signed double word in other languages) or real (floating point numbers in other languages) 2) typecast your variables (not the...

Pascal: Mathematic problem, contour plot, zmax
contour plot, zmax, extreme values: Hello, I strongly advise you to use Matlab built-in functions to contour-plot you function, because the algorithm of the contour plot is really complex. + First step : Calculation of the values (don t forget to choose a calculus step small enough !) ...

Pascal: 'modernizing' a Pascal program to something that a 'normal' programer could handle?, probability density function, maximum likelihood estimation
probability density function, maximum likelihood estimation, delphi environment: Hi Dani, I must admit that I ve never had a chance to try transforming a Pascal code into another language. Yet, you may try pasting the code into a Delphi environment. Using a compiler (like the one included in MS Visual Studio) that is used for developing...

Pascal: Need help on wriying files and function, margin money, money change
margin money, money change, stock list: problems: 0 - about displaying the amount/change for member and non-member, I think you are missing some begin and end somewhere(one end between the lines of change:= money-f_price; ELSE one begin after the lese above, and one end after...

Pascal: ORD / CHR functions, chr functions, code fragment
chr functions, code fragment, code optimization: I think you are too comfortable programming in other languages, but those styles won t fit totally in Pascal... The program has nothing wrong in Chr and Ord functions, by observations. Things that should be fixed are listed below (assuming minimal change...

Pascal: PASCAL program help, please.., national olympiad, pascal program
national olympiad, pascal program, string 7: Hi! I m sorry for the delay in answer - I have been all day long at the National Olympiad in Informatics training. For text files you have a procedure called Append() that opens a file for writing and puts the writing head in its end. But with records...

Pascal: Pascal 2D Array(URGENT), pascal v7, arrays
pascal v7, arrays, incomes: Hello Nabeela, I need to know what the two dimensions of the array represent. Is one of the dimension the type of farming and the otherincome per year per farming-type?? Please clarify the problem statement. Thanks and Good luck PS Please send the...

Pascal: Pascal Compiler, free pascal compiler, windows pascal
free pascal compiler, windows pascal, abdel kader: Hi Jon... I m sorry Jon I coudn t find any site that offers a free windows pascal compiler, but you know what i lived with a dos one and it was quite ok. i got it from our lab assisstan i just ran a copy of it. I have some good links for you to help you out...

Pascal: Pascal error message, run time error, crt unit
run time error, crt unit, pentium 2: Hi Alistair... Regarding your problem, most probably your computer is a pentium 2 or highr. On machines of this kind, when one uses CRT a division by zero in the CX register occur (you don t really have to know the details) but there are two solutions...

Pascal: Pascal Matching Problem (Recs n Files), pascal v7, turkey weight
pascal v7, turkey weight, forward slashes: Hello dear Paul Wilcock, About the cust_name string, you may easily check it in a for loop.For example : Flag:=false;{Flag : Boolean} F:=Length(cust_name);{F is defined as an Integer} for i:=1 to F do begin case cust_name[i] of 0 .. 9 :Flag:=ture;...

Pascal: Pascal Problem, carpet tile, carpet tiles
carpet tile, carpet tiles, iteration statements: Hello Sam, The program should work for ALL test data. You may assume that all input is valid. Well, it seems quite unusual... There are inputs that can t be valid, e.g. a zero (0) as integral entry for the width of the carpet tile has to...

Pascal: Pascal Programming, cruise control system, c ruise
cruise control system, c ruise, cruise cruise: Hi! Nice program, I must admit. Concerning your questions: 1. The fact that most of the controlling procedures change only one variable, they can be rewritten as functions, for instance: function accelerate(fuel:integer; speed:integer;cruise:integer;engine:integer):integer;...

Pascal: Pascal Programming, c ruise, cruise cruise
c ruise, cruise cruise, pascal programming: Hi! You use cruise and engine variables as flags that can be in only two states: ON (which is represented by the value 1) and OFF (which is represented by -1). Because there is a standard variable type that was created for this purpose (boolean) I suggested...

Pascal: Pascal Programming, cruise control system, pascal program
cruise control system, pascal program, auto cruise: Hi! I have had some problems with my OS and had to reinstall it, and only now I ve put my attention that your message has waited for an answer for so long. Sorry! ------- Answer: (repost) Split this task into a couple of sub-tasks, and assign each...

Pascal: Pascal password, computer science student, pascal programming
computer science student, pascal programming, pascal 7: If i understand your problem correctly the answer is simple, When starting the program, the first thing to do is ask the user to enter his/her username and password. This should do it. readln(username); readln(password); if (username = userx ) and...

Pascal: Pascal, two dimensional array, aray
two dimensional array, aray, column format: Hi Graeme...... Regarding your question, you can use as many array as u want, like an array for the price, another for the name and for example location array[1] of each array contains the info of a product... In effect u are doing a 2d-aray but separatnig...

Pascal: Password in pascal, programming field, password123
programming field, password123, dear sir: Hi Carlos, the simplest way to do so is indeed to use an if statement. Begin if (password= password123 ) then Enter your program here else writeln( You have entered a wrong password. ); End. Note that password is a string variable and that the password...

Pascal: Procedure, string 3, loop 1
string 3, loop 1, iteration: If you are talking about words in text file with line breaks, here is a suggestion: first iteration of loop 1) read 1 line from the file 2) get the words ( parsing ) 3) reverse the words to form temp_string_1 4) write the line in temp_file_1 the...

Pascal: Procedure, dynamic array, empty space
dynamic array, empty space, iteration: Hi, There a lot of way to this task. I can offer you the following method: Use a dynamic array to store the words (or you can use a dynamic list structure); Init the array (list); Write a procedure to extract the words from a file. Declare a variable...

Pascal: Pseudo Pascal, homework question, string array
homework question, string array, representative member: Hmm... Alright. You may wish to present two different approaches. Is it a problem for you to calculate the capacity (mathematically) in each case? From Pascal point of view, you may base your answer on these assumptions: sizeof(char) = 1; sizeof(set) = 1....

Pascal: pacal error message, run time error, clock ticks
run time error, clock ticks, crt unit: Hello, In fact you program works perfectly, but the CRT unit is bugged. This is a bug which appears on fast machine ( 200Mhz). This is due to some problems with the delay function. If you want to solve this problem, try to look for a patch using altavista....

Pascal: pascal language, pascal language, template c
pascal language, template c, variable number: With this question I would suppose you ll start with some norm of comparison, and the disadvantages vary. for example, compare to Basic/Visual Basic, Pascal lacks the ability to define untyped variable (variable without specific data type associated...

Pascal: pascal program, pascal program, correct pin
pascal program, correct pin, incorrect entries: Hmmm... what you wrote is not a pascal program as such. OK. i:=3; Try:=true; while (i 0) and Try do begin writeln( Input the PIN code: ); readln(pin); if check(pin) then Try:=false {we have a correct PIN} else dec(i); end; if Try then...

Pascal: pausing a program, number guessing game, empty loop
number guessing game, empty loop, readln: Hello dear Oli, Sorry for answering late.I was unable to access the Internet for the same few days when you needed help. If I could see you whole program or at last the main block of your program,I could better help you about thet flashing and the reason...

Pascal: problem, ships, hp
ships, hp: Well you can use WHILE loop! for example: i:=1; n:=100; p:=random(200)+1; repeat i:=i+1; until (i=n)or(i=p); You can convert your conditions so you can adapt it to your program. Repeat some code until (ship1=0)or(ship2=0); Give more info if...

Pascal: program code, software developped, yearly calender
software developped, yearly calender, pascal tutorial: Hello, Now everyone is using Turbo Pascal, I think (but i m not sure) that PASCAL is the language itself and Turbo Pascal the software developped by Borland. For tutorials, there are plenty of them on the net. Try to search for Pascal Tutorial . Here...

Pascal: programme files in turbo pascal, open ms word, turbo pascal
open ms word, turbo pascal, microsoft word: by microsoft word I would then suppose you mean text files then use the following to declare a file handle for the text file: var txtfile: text; use the following to assign the handler to a certain file, say c:sample.txt (it will cause a...

Pascal: programming language, fortran 4, object pascal
fortran 4, object pascal, employment purposes: if for programs in MS windows, Delphi and Visual Basic would be some easier choice to start with (they actually allows drag and drop things which makes most part of life easier) but they are not too friendly with other platforms (don t expect visual basic...

Pascal: programming in pascal, turbo pascal version 7, programming in pascal
turbo pascal version 7, programming in pascal, pascal version: Hi John, Arrays can be thought of as a chain of identifiers. That is, an array of intergers means that you have, for example 100 intergers linked to each other. Var myarray: array[1..100] of integers; this means that i created 100 intergers in the myarray...

Pascal: question, paint program, colour depth
paint program, colour depth, turbo pascal for windows: I would suggest you to look up things in graph unit (DOS) if you are comfortable in working in 640x480 with 16 colours (not 16-bit colour depth) [as the mouse is concerned, it will involve machine language which will be too involved within the context of the...

Pascal: Random Numbers, win 32, random numbers
win 32, random numbers, randomize: The problem with your code: in printNumbers, your count variable is not separated from the number themselves, so they would print as if they are hundreds and/or thousands. I would suggest you to put a space string, , inbetween, so they distinguish themselves...

Pascal: reading and writing data, astring, val function
astring, val function, spur of the moment: Hello, By saving data in a TEXT file, you re in fact converting them into strings and the writing the string into the file. The most important consquence about this is that TEXT files contains only strings. TEXT files are simple to used : WRITELN...

Pascal: Put Serial, archival group, string type
archival group, string type, chr: Hello, I m sorry I can t look at your program right now because I m too busy. I ve have found other source code in the SWAG (SourceWare Archival Group). I think it fits your needs, if not tell me what s wrong. Best regards, ...

Pascal: Simple Array, array subscripts, array in turbo pascal
array subscripts, array in turbo pascal, array name: if you are reversing the elements in the array, you should notice: B[1] := A[maxnum]; B[2] := A[maxnum - 1]; ... B[maxnum] := A[1]; and the array subscripts should add to (index of the starting element)+(index of the ending element) {In this case ,...

Pascal: scale readings, com2 port, unit a1
com2 port, unit a1, word x: Hello, I m affraid I do not have time to guess what this program is doing. However, I do not advice you to work with this way. Catching the output of a dos windows, is in theory achiveable, but in practice you will get many problems, and unstablility....

Pascal: semi-beginner; need help checking errors, two dimensional arrays, syntax errors
two dimensional arrays, syntax errors, turbo pascal: Hello, Here are a few errors : 1) if you want to use clrscr you have to include the following line at the begining of your program : uses crt; It tells turbo pascal that you will use function & procedures contained in the crt unit. 2) When using...

Pascal: sequential file processing, borland pascal 7, sequential file processing
borland pascal 7, sequential file processing, insertion point: hi Noor.... Regarding ur question i would suggest that you manipulate ur data structure (records for example) in an array and before exiting the program copy the contents to the file... and at the beginning of each run copy the contents of the file to...

Pascal: serial port, turbo pascal, serial ports
turbo pascal, serial ports, score board: Hi there. Actually, you better ask this question to the guys sitting in the Asssembler group. In Turbo Pascal, you can use OutB[port] and OutW[port] (if I remember it well) built-in arrays to avoid inline or external assembler. There are no standard...

Pascal: sorting within arrays, pascal programming, sorting algorithms
pascal programming, sorting algorithms, index letters: Hi Olly...... First of all i would like to apologize about being late. i was reaaly busy the past week actaully. Anyways, regarinf your question, there are alot of sorting algorithms around (quick sort, merge sort...) but those are a bit complex to program....

Pascal: TPU files !?, turbo pascal free, free pascal
turbo pascal free, free pascal, valid directory: Sorry for the late reply. Here is a checklist: 1) make sure you are using turbo pascal, Free pascal uses a different file extension for units. 2) make sure you go to options|directory and set the EXE and TPU directory to a valid directory 3) use build...

Pascal: TPU, tpu files, xxxxx
tpu files, xxxxx, variables: Hello I do not understand what you want to know. TPU files are compiled files corresponding to a unit. There is no special way of installing the TPU, you can either keep the in the same directory of your main program (which should be done by default by...

Pascal: Trying to make a basic program., pascal version, input keyword
pascal version, input keyword, sport tennis: Hello Gemma, Since your question is really interesting, I would like to add some notes. 1) The basic strategy of these programs, that parses the input and builds an answer in context, work usually as a mirror: It is possible to make it very sophisticated....

Pascal: Turbo PAscal problem, wincrt, work pls
wincrt, work pls, turbo pascal: I am not sure what you mean exactly, if you mean the X is not showing up then you have to have the line showseats; after the line b[x,y] := false; (to refresh the display) and you have to have the window staying open long enough for you to...

Pascal: Turbo Pascal Program, turbo pascal program, arabic numbers
turbo pascal program, arabic numbers, roman numerals: I will NOT write the program for you. I gave you enough directions to start and finish the whole thing. If you don t know how to program at all, you might consider reading a book worthful, or take some classes. If you want this program written for you w/o...

Pascal: Turbo Pascal problem, math lab, turbo pascal
math lab, turbo pascal, chemistry: ok you can have the following: program comcal; uses crt; var total: integer; needed: array[1..4] of integer; names: array[1..4] of string; c: integer; begin clrscr; needed[1] := 4; needed[2] := 8; needed[3] := 2; needed[4]...

Pascal: Turbo Pascal problem, turbo pascal, datatype
turbo pascal, datatype, input output: do you just want the characters on the screen, or you need to apply some sort of datatype, or procedures? If you just want to put the things on the screen, then the following will work: program screensign(input,output); uses crt; begin clrscr; writeln(...

Pascal: Turbo Pascal - Quiz program, turbo pascal program, iowa tab
turbo pascal program, iowa tab, quiz program: Assuming you know the number of lines in the file (by using readln repeatly till end of file and count, reset the file afterwards)then you can do the follwoing: uses crt; var f: text; {assume this is your source file variable} maxline: longint; qnum:...

Pascal: Turbo pascal question., turbo pascal programs, pascal code
turbo pascal programs, pascal code, array type: ok, this is how to declare the thing: type seats = array [1..7,1..4] of boolean; var seatlist: seats; then at the beginning of the program: for i:= 1 to 7 do for j:= 1 to 4 do seatlist[i,j] = false; then to assign a seat at 7th row,...

Pascal: Turbo pascal Validation, turbo pascal 7, correct keys
turbo pascal 7, correct keys, grateful thanks: Assalamo 3alikom Mohamed, the simple way to do that is using the readkey funtion in a while loop, looping on the keys you want. that is while the key pressed is not the one u re looking for readkey, until the user enters the correct keys u allow.. i hope...

Pascal: Turbo pascal problem...., pascal code, dimensional array
pascal code, dimensional array, colloge: Well, when you print the info for the seats you must check whether that position in the array is true or false and display the appropriate symbol (X or A through D). Here is a sample code: for i := 1 to 7 do for j := 1 to 4 do if data[i, j] then begin...

Pascal: .tpu files and more.., electric robot, tpu files
electric robot, tpu files, turbo pascal: Hello dear Andrew, I think at first I have to ask you to excuse me for answering late.I had been on a long holiday,and I had forgotten to check questions pending after my returning. Actually I haven t done experiences in this field of system programming,so...

Pascal: .tpu files, pascal source code, turbo pascal 7
pascal source code, turbo pascal 7, tpu files: Hi Jason Regarding your question, well its no problem at all. If you have the .pas file just compile/make it and it will generate a .tpu file. then in your main program change the directory (file..change directory) to the folder to which the .tpu file...

Pascal: turbo pascal: learning, turbo pascal, structured language
turbo pascal, structured language, first language: Hello, Yes Turbo Pascal is a very good language to start with. You will learn how to program nice code, i.e. well programmed code. It is a structured language and is slicy simplest than C++. Once you will know Turbo Pascal, you may learn C which is...

Pascal: turbo pascal problem, radius of a circle, turbo pascal
radius of a circle, turbo pascal, writeln: for a procedure which declares its own variables and constants, the method is like declaring the variable in the main program, like: procedure CircleArea; var r: real; begin . . . to write the message, use writeln, like writeln( This is a message...

Pascal: utilising a hash table in pascal, one dimensional arrays, hash tables
one dimensional arrays, hash tables, hash table: Dear Susan, Your problem statement was not clear enough for me to give you a good answer. please elaborate on the problem statement. generally hash tables can be done by arrays. they can be one dimensional arrays or multi-dimentional arrays. elaborate...

Pascal: Validation using Procedures, turbo pascal, validation
turbo pascal, validation, good luck: Hi Phil, The best way to validate data is using functions not procedures, however if you need to use procedures then the best way is to send the data to be validated as a parameter to the procedure and then have a boolean variable as the second parameter...

Pascal: Validation, turbo pascal version 7, numeric input
turbo pascal version 7, numeric input, pascal version: Hi Hiew. Obviously for your readln command, you have to use a string variable, then you have to transform this string to an integer. There are several cute ways to do it, however the most simple is to use a ready made procedure: val(StringVariable,IntegerVariable,ErrorCode);...

Pascal: Writing a program, visualc, professional programming
visualc, professional programming, structured language: Hello Ryan! Pascal is a structured language that is excellent for people to learn and understand programming, but it s rather old and the applications you create using it run in DOS environment. So if you re new to the concept of programming, maybe it...

Pascal: Yesterday date system, leap year, m1 11
leap year, m1 11, date system: to get date of today, we can have: uses dos; var m,d,y,dow: word;{month,day,year,day of the week} begin getdate(y,m,d,dow); end; so if you have const mn: array[1..12] of word = (31,28,31,30,31,30,31,31,30,31,30,31); {days in a month for non-leap...

Passions: Passions questions, mckenzie westmore, galen gering
mckenzie westmore, galen gering, kay and miguel: Hi Debra! Sorry it took me so long to answer you. I was busy with the holiday s and stuff. Well The show officially went off the air in August. There was weddings and death. Vincent and Vicki I think that was her name. (Esme s niece) poisoned the food...

Passions: Theresa ethan, kay miguel, kay and miguel, theresa and ethan
kay and miguel, theresa and ethan, theran: Hi Kristin How is it going? First of I dont know where you are at and I dont know how much of the show you have seen or was aired. I will answer you the basic stuff that I do know. I havents watched Passions for a year also because I have been busy but...

Passions: Passions episodes, soap opera passions, full episodes
soap opera passions, full episodes, youtube: Hi Linda let me see what I can do....about the links I will probably not be able to provide you with all the links but I will do my best :) hope that helps http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CY5PRJRrF58 this is the link for the first episode of passions...

Passions: Background Music?, miguel and charity, montauge
miguel and charity, montauge, ethan and theresa: Hi Tommy! I m going to try to answer your question. The major couples (Ethan and Theresa, Sheridan and Luis and Miguel and Charity) all have love themes . Usually when there is a scene between Sheridan and Luis, the background music is their love theme...

Passions: CHAD & VINCENT, chads, alistair
chads, alistair, nephew: Hi Lori Yes Chad and Vincent are related because Julian and Eve are Vincents parents. Chad is Julians brother because his parents are Alistair and Eves sister. That makes Vincent Chads nephew. Chad is Vincents uncle. Hope I helped take care Gin...

Passions: Chad Harris, crane industry, brother antonio
crane industry, brother antonio, answering your questions: Hey, sorry for any delay in answering your questions... Chad wasn t adopted. He moved from Foster home to foster home. He doesn t have any adopted parents and he doesn t like to talk about his past life all that much, i don t think. They haven t specified...

Passions: cast photos/taping schedules, cast photos, cast members
cast photos, cast members, fan club: Hi Brett Well I am gonna try and help you out and I will do my best ok I am not a part of the fan club but I have met some of the cast members and they are really awesome well over the years there have been over 35 cast photos taken or more because they...

Passions: chad, biological father, tabitha
biological father, tabitha, passions: All the clues from the time that Chad came to Harmony lead us to believe that he is Eve and Julian s son. He is the right age, he was adopted, and he found out after he got to Harmony that his biological father was white, and abandoned his mother because...

Passions: Dalton James, dalton james, ny daily news
dalton james, ny daily news, tody: Hi Tommy, According to the NY Daily News, Dalton James has been let go from Passions. His last air date was Dec. 26th. I hadn t even heard this until tody and was wondering where Hank was. Hope I helped! If you have any more questions, feel free to...

Passions: Dead woman, aunt rachel, dead woman
aunt rachel, dead woman, sister rachel: Hi Enza. The dead woman in the coffin is Katherine s sister Rachel. Rachel is the woman that Alistair was really in love with. Remember Sheridian s nightmares where as a child she believed she killed her mother. Well, Sheridian really killed her aunt, Rachel...

Passions: Ethan, paternity, gwen
paternity, gwen, nbc: According to the previews on NBC, a big storm starts on Passions June 30th. THe truth about Ethan s paternity will proably be discovered in July around his wedding to Gwen. Ivy comes close to telling Sam when she stows away on his boat. Watch this summer...

Passions: Fox and Sheridan and Miguel, mckenzie westmore, desperate housewives
mckenzie westmore, desperate housewives, justin hartley: Hi Celeste well lets see here the original Fox who was played by Justin Hartley left the show about 4 months ago to pursue other stuff. Mckenzie Westmore who plays Sheridan is on maternity leave for 3 months she will be back then. Yes Miguel is new too...

Passions: about the first Cymone, theme song and christianity, creative differences, cast members
creative differences, cast members, west africa: Hi. It is unclear as too why the first Simone from passions left the show. It has been reported that there were creative differences between her and the director. All of that hair was not hers though. The theme song is sung by Jane French. I do believe the...

Passions: Gwen!!, liza huber, natalie zea
liza huber, natalie zea, no hard feelings: Hi Joy! The other Gwen was played by Liza Huber, Susan Lucci s daughter. She decided that she no longer wanted to be in the action profession and left the buisness completley. She and the producers made a mutual decision for her to get out of her contract...

Passions: What happen to Lena Caldwell..., soap opera magazine, bad publicity
soap opera magazine, bad publicity, real reason: Well, NBC won t say why Lena Cardwell left, but in a Soap Opera magazine I read it said that she was unhappy with NBC and was planning to sue. NBC hates to get bad publicity, so they d NEVER say the real reason why she left, but I know she asked to leave....

Passions: hello... i have some questions on passions, josh ryan evans, mckenzie westmore
josh ryan evans, mckenzie westmore, lena cardwell: Hello Kelly! How are you? I hope fine :-) Here is your answers! #1 No I don t think she really did but the writers are wanting us to think that she did. See some things I have noticed. #1 Everytime they show the bloody sheet it seems that the blood...

Passions: hey, ethan and theresa, bennets
ethan and theresa, bennets, prooved: Hi Meka Well Ethan and Theresa broke up because Rebecca and Gwen tried to ruin Ethans life by sending a file with Theresas computer that prooved that Ethan is not a Crane and Sam Bennets son and they blamed it on Theresa which was the reason that Ethan...

Passions: hi, nbc passions, ethan and theresa
nbc passions, ethan and theresa, soapoperafan com: check out www.soapoperafan.com Dustin s page is really good. They do not have any episodes of Passions on DVD. Or if you are a Ethan and Theresa fan sign up for this website. It s my fave! It s called ETLOVE http://etlove.nu/ or try http://www.nbc.com/Passions/...

Passions: Joann,I should be an expert..., latex masks, petition online
latex masks, petition online, fan fest: Hi Carla! Well here is all I know... #1 McKenzie is still under contract. The contract was for 3 years #2 At Fan Fest when asked all she said was Love conquers all #3 Also at Fan Fest Galen said there would be a complete turn around. I m trying...

Passions: Martin Fitzgerald's death, martin fitzgerald, dissappear
martin fitzgerald, dissappear, alistair: Hi Heather well Martin in reality wasnt killed by Sheridan I think Alistair is trying to make it look like that Sheridan killed Martin so Luis and her wont be together I think in reality Alistair was the one who made Martin Dissappear and no one knows how...

Passions: Passion, miguel and charity, passions
miguel and charity, passions, lenny kravitz: Hello! I m sorry I didn t get back to you quicker I m having alot of trouble with my modem & I can t stay on the net long it keeps messing up. My friend has the cd & said that was the song that was played on there. I looked on CD Now & It s on the cd...

Passions: passions online episodes, help take care, blessed day
help take care, blessed day, direct tv: Dear Mikaela Hope your doing great. I am soo glad you found us too lol.. We are happy to help as much as we can...Currently since Passions moved on Direct TV there are no websites online that you can view the episodes. I am very sorry to say that before...

Passions: passions story line, alistair, edna
alistair, edna, night stand: Hi Steffanie How is it going? well this is how it turned out that Alistair is Beths father Edna Beths mother remembered that she had a one night stand with Alistair a long time ago when she was young and thats how she remembered that Beth is his daughter...

Passions: questions about passion, auto graphs, martin fitzgerald
auto graphs, martin fitzgerald, cbs radford studios: Hi Kelly, Thank you so much for your question!!! I hope I can help! First, yes, I do believe that Sheridan killed Martin Fitzgerald. She has suspected it for a year, but under hypnosis, she remembered she did it. She remembers killing someone on the...

Passions: Rebecca's email, mail program, e mail
mail program, e mail, rebecca: I m not exactly sure. Passions doesn t make sense much and this is one of those times for nobody to understand! :-) If Theresa had some type of Outlook Express or other e-mail program, it knows your password and username. You don t exactly have to log in....

Passions: Sheridan`s childhood, martin fitzgerald, sky light
martin fitzgerald, sky light, martin lopez: Hello! Good question :-) When Sheridan was a child she use to have what she thought & was told were nightmares about a dead body under a sheet. Julian , Alistair , Pilar & Ethan have always told her it was just a nightmare. When the show first started...

Passions: sheridan, sneek peeks, different reasons
sneek peeks, different reasons, passions: Hello there! Sheridan has gotten out of the basement MANY times now for different reasons. But will she ever get out of there for sure? I don t know. if you really wanna know i d say check up on nbc.com/passions ever week and look at the sneek peeks!! hope...

Passions: Timing and Channels, peaches, airs
peaches, airs, passions: hi, peaches and thank you for your question. Unfortunately, i don t know the time and channel that passions airs in california. but, you can find out by going to www.tvguide.com and going to tv listings. All you have to do is put in your zip code and it will...

Pathology: blood tests, white blood cells, differential count
white blood cells, differential count, basophils: Hi Absolute values of white blood cells are total number of cells in a microliter of blood and percentage of each of the 5 white blood cells - Neutrophils (polymorphs), Lymphocytes, monocytes, eosinophils and basophils is called differential count. Both...

Pathology: can certain medications cause a raise in blood sugar?, thyroid medication, glucose tolerance
thyroid medication, glucose tolerance, blood pressure medications: Hello Connie, Yes some of the drugs used to treat hypertension and thyroid disorders can affect glucose levels. However, if the levels are high they still need to be assessed if this is so because of the drugs or actual pre diabetic stage. The doctor...

Pathology: Dermatologist vs. Pathologist reading, skin biopsies, pathology service
skin biopsies, pathology service, adequate experience: Hi Laura: All biopsies are read by a pathologist who is a medical doctor and undergoes 5 years training in pathology. However, dermatologists do read skin related biopsies. Though many prefer to send them to dermatopathologists (pathologists with expertise...

Pathology: Diabetes and microalbumin with occ hypertension, hb a1c, lipid profile
hb a1c, lipid profile, medication diet: Hello Kumar: The investigations for follow up of diabetes are Fasting and 2 hr postprandial sugar exam which you can have done once a month. You could use a glucometer and test your blood sugar regularly. Glycosylated Hb needs to be repeated every three...

Pathology: diabetes/ low thyroid and low white blood cell count?!, thyroid hormones, low wbc
thyroid hormones, low wbc, low white blood cell: Hello Mo as long as your mother has no recurrent infections, fever, her low count is not worrisome. However women over 50 can develop hypothyroidism...with low thyroid hormones. Fatigue, increase in weight, muscle weakness, puffiness of face, intolerance...

Pathology: FNA, synthesis of thyroid hormones, thyroid nodules
synthesis of thyroid hormones, thyroid nodules, thyroid nodule biopsy: Hello Aileen, Thyroid nodules occur in many people and a colloid nodule is the commonest. It has no increased risk of malignancy (cancer) This may be a part of multinodular goiter and the whole thyroid may be enlarged or it may just be a solitary nodule....

Pathology: final pathology on my thyroid, lymph nodes in the neck, papillary cancer
lymph nodes in the neck, papillary cancer, residual tumor: Hello Fran, Your tumor is 1.2 cm this would make it T1 however, the tumor has spread outside the thyroid gland into the surrounding soft tissue, this makes it T3 As your lymphnodes are negative and hopefully there are no distant metastases your classification...

Pathology: Kidney Cancer Scan Results, renal cell carcinoma, ct scan of abdomen
renal cell carcinoma, ct scan of abdomen, open nephrectomy: Hello Maryann I am not an expert in radiology. A Radiologist will give better information. However there is no evidence of spread of cancer in liver, lungs, and other organs. As far as aortic adenopathy is concerned, it will depend on actual size...

Pathology: pathology results, papillary cancer, pathology results
papillary cancer, pathology results, anti thyroglobulin: Hello Vicky The thyroglobulin and antithyroglobulin levels should fall gradually post surgery. These do not disappear immediately. Anti thyroglobulin may take upto two years to completely disappear. What is important is that your levels should be lower...

Pathology: psa test results, psa test results, gleason score
psa test results, gleason score, prostate biopsy: It would be better if you can send the entire report then I can explain it better. 6 out of 10 can refer to the number of biopsies that is 6 out of 10 show some abnormality. It can also be the Gleason score which indicates how likely the prostate cancer...

Pathology: raised blood sugar, low blood sugar, internist
low blood sugar, internist, glucose: Hello Connie I do not understand what medication your husband is on and why his blood sugar needs to be raised. If he is hypoglycemic....that is has low blood sugar.....it is easily rectified by having some food. Please consult with an internist or...

Pathology: renal cell path report, renal sinus, focal areas
renal sinus, focal areas, would make sense: Hello Betsy Stage T1 indicates that the cancer is confined to the kidney. Whereas T3a indicates that it has gone out of the kidney into the surrounding fat. These are two very different stages....however It would make sense to have it reviewed once more...

Pathology: Abnormal Blood results, white blood cells, lymphs
white blood cells, lymphs, blood results: Hello Sarah: Let me assure you that this result does not indicate AML AML will show a markedly raised count of white blood cells, it is very rare to have leukemia with a low count. Overall total WBC is within normal range. Even the granulocytes are...

Pathology: antithyroglobulin antibodies, Thyroglobulin
Thyroglobulin: Hello Vicky It takes some time before thyroglobulin levels are undetectable. In general it is recommended that the levels be checked every 6-12 months for 5 years. A level below 20ng/ml is desirable. In your case the thyroglobulin level has reduced...

Pathology: atypical mole, excision biopsy, punch biopsy
excision biopsy, punch biopsy, atypical mole: Hello Kathy: Moderate atypical mole indicates that it has some cells with features of abnormal cells although this is not cancer. Even though a mole is not visible there can be microscopic cells at deeper level. A wider excision biopsy would be done...

Pathology: BLOOD TEST, low grade fever, wbc count
low grade fever, wbc count, ear condition: Hello Jessica: WBC count of 5.9 and 7.3 is still within normal levels. ESR and hs-CRP are raised. These indicate that you have an ongoing chronic disease. probably related to your ear condition. Unless you have other symptoms like unexplained low grade...

Pathology: Blood Tests, ast sgot, bacterial vaginitis
ast sgot, bacterial vaginitis, alt sgpt: Hello Michell: Thanks for sending the detailed bloodwork. Post hysterectomy your daughter has had bladder infection and that can cause back and abdomen pain. Post surgery some weight loss is expected though 25 lbs is a little too much. The bloodwork...

Pathology: Blood test question, folate serum, serum level
folate serum, serum level, liver dysfunction: Hello Amy: Elevated levels of folate are generally not monitored. Higher levels are seen in people on vegetarian diet, liver dysfunction some forms of red cell disorders etc. If you are otherwise healthy this level is not particularly worrisome...

Pathology: Count of WBC up to 26000, white blood cells, line response
white blood cells, line response, urinary infection: Hello Naagesh: Given her history of urinary tract infection (UTI) this is more likely a response to this infection. If during an episode of UTI her WBC count rises and the returns to normal it is because of the infection. White blood cells are a first line...

Pathology: colonscopy pathology report, colon polyp, moderate dysplasia
colon polyp, moderate dysplasia, biopsy report: Hello Anita: The biopsy report indicates that the polyp shows moderate dysplasia. This means that the cells of the polyp are not entirely normal. They have certain features which are closer to cancer cells. However, these are NOT cancer cells. Therefore...

Pathology: Elevated CRP, CRP
CRP: Hello Jaco: Short term intense physical activity / exercise does lead to inflammation of muscles and a rise in acute phase reactants like CRP. Not much work has been done, though there are some studies which have revealed that regular exercise even with...

Pathology: colonscopy pathology report, moderate dysplasia, colon polyp
Pathology: colonscopy pathology report, moderate dysplasia, colon polyp, descending colon

Pathology: lump in neck, diagnosed with mystery virus, and lyme disease, lyme disease, babesiosis
Pathology: lump in neck, diagnosed with mystery virus, and lyme disease, lyme disease, babesiosis, lyme

Pathology: high automated lymphocytes, pediatric age group, lympho
pediatric age group, lympho, blood smear: Hi: It is possible that your son has had a mild viral infection which can elevate the lymphocyte count. Even a sore throat or cold can do so. A common disease of young adults and sometimes in children is infectious mononucleosis....patient is generally...

Pathology: Lipase Level, alcoholis, history of alcohol
alcoholis, history of alcohol, excessive alcohol: Hi in pancreatitis levels of lipase can go 5-10 times the normal. Alcoholis one of the cause. Blockage of duct with gallstones, infection, injury and certain medicines all can cause pancreatitis. your physician should evaluate further if there is no history...

Pathology: Liver biopsy report, liver cell cancer, liver biopsy
liver cell cancer, liver biopsy, liver tumor: Hello Carla I am not sure what question you wanted to ask in regard for this biopsy. I assume you want to know what it says. The biopsy report as mentioned indicates that the liver has cancer. However it is not a primary (original tumor of liver) tumor...

Pathology: lump in neck, diagnosed with mystery virus, and lyme disease, low neutrophils, lyme symptoms
low neutrophils, lyme symptoms, white blood cells: Hello Timothy: Low RBC and hematocrit points towards anemia. Any infection which is long standing affects the white blood cells (neutrophils and lymphocytes) I would be able to provide a more meaningful answer if I know the actual values of the blood...

Pathology: lump, clinical diagnosis, protrusion
clinical diagnosis, protrusion, x ray: Hello Michael: Hernia is in simple words protrusion of a part of the body through the tissues which normally contain it. It is more of a clinical diagnosis and the biopsy would confirm the type of tissue expected in a hernia of a specific location. If...

Pathology: Microcytic Anemia, red blood cells, absolute monocytes
red blood cells, absolute monocytes, serum protein: Hello Susan: the Hb is low and hence you have anemia. Microcytic anemia is diagnosed based on morphology of red blood cells. They have to be smaller in size compared to normal red blood cells. In your report protein of 6.1 is normal (Total serum protein...

Pathology: Need Help Understanding Cytopathology Report, renal cell carcinoma, soft tissue mass
renal cell carcinoma, soft tissue mass, renal cell ca: Hi: The immunostains as I had mentioned in my earlier reply help identify the tissue of origin for cancer. Thus they are markers for cancer. Staining for a specific substance is done by using an antibosy against it..eg staining for PSA is done by using...

Pathology: Prostate cancer?, ultrasound of the abdomen, morphology of cells
ultrasound of the abdomen, morphology of cells, prostate cells: Hello Jessica: I am sorry to confirm bad news. Yes the report indicates that there is metastatic cancer in the bone pieces removed. Metastasis is spread of cancer from a primary location to another site. In this case the primary site of cancer is prostate...

Pathology: thyroid biopsy result, chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis, thyroid hormone levels
chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis, thyroid hormone levels, thyroid hormone replacement: Hello Elena: Colloid nodules are the most common nodules seen in thyroid and contain colloid a proteinaceous material which is required for producing thyroid hormones. These do not have any increased risk of cancer. Chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis is...

Pathology: thyroid nodules, thyroid nodules, sebaceous cyst
thyroid nodules, sebaceous cyst, biopsy material: Hello Vicky: It would be pure speculation to comment on the nature of the nodule without actually seeing the ultrasound image and the biopsy material. When a person has a primary malignancy any nodule has a high suspicion of being malignant. However...

Pathology: tumor report, malignant brain tumor, mri report
malignant brain tumor, mri report, glioblastoma multiforme: Hello Jean: Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is a very aggressive form of cancer. It does have large areas of necrosis and MRI shows distinctive features of glioblastoma. However, if a biopsy shows only necrosis, in correlation with imaging findings one...

Pathology: ABSOLUTE LYMPHOCYTES, absolute lymphocytes, problem thanks
absolute lymphocytes, problem thanks, viral infections: Hello John: In addition to the number of lymphocytes it is the morphology which aids in pointing to a certain direction. Generally increase in lymphocytes is associated with some viral infections and certain types of cancer. Further evaluation is...

Pathology: Anemia and Bone Pain, severe lower leg pain, lower leg pain
severe lower leg pain, lower leg pain, cause of anemia: Hello Diane: The blood results mentioned by you and your symptoms indicate that you have anemia...which in simple terms is reduced capacity of the blood to carry oxygen. This is what makes you feet tired. Bone pain is not usually related to anemia and could...

Pathology: Atypical Lymphocytes, atypical lymphocytes, reactive lymphocytes
atypical lymphocytes, reactive lymphocytes, white blood cells: Hello: The WBC counts absolute and percentage values are a dynamic parameter. Each time a test is run even when the values are normal they can change, however they stay within the specified range. If the values are out of the laboratory set range then...

Pathology: adenosarcoma, mitotic figures, radical hysterectomy
mitotic figures, radical hysterectomy, malignant tumour: Hello Polly: I understand how all this would sound to you and make you question the surgery. The report indicates that the tumor is a low grade adenosarcoma. Adenosarcoma is a form of malignancy and in lay terms is cancer. In medical language this...

Pathology: atypical cells found, atypical cells, cancer cells
atypical cells, cancer cells, wide margin: Hello: Ideally there should not be any more atypical cells seen in the biopsy. Atypical cells have features in between normal cells and cancer cells. These can become cancer cells..that is the reason to remove a wide margin of tissue around the mole...

Pathology: atypical lymphocytes and atypical monocytes, fine needle aspiration, epstein barr virus
fine needle aspiration, epstein barr virus, peripheral blood smear: The lung nodule can be a focus of infection - bacterial / fungal or something else. If your daughter is gaining weight normally and is healthy the lung node should resolve. However,if the nodule is large enough in size and has not responded to antibiotic...

Pathology: atypical lymphocytes, atypical lymphocytes, atypical lymphocyte
atypical lymphocytes, atypical lymphocyte, types of viral infections: Hello Erin: An atypical lymphocyte is a non cancerous white blood cell and is a reactive lymphocyte. It is produced in response to a number of stimuli Most common cause are many types of viral infections the list of viruses is quite long. In small...

Pathology: atypical lymphocytic infiltrate of the skin, papillary dermis, gene rearrangement
papillary dermis, gene rearrangement, pathology report: Hello: If the pathology report ruled out presence of lymphoid cells at the dermo epidermal junction, then it is not in favor of the diagnosis mentioned. However, if the cells are present and have the convoluted nuclei (the nucleus is present in the...

Pathology: axillary pea sized lump, inflamed lymph nodes, hair follicle
inflamed lymph nodes, hair follicle, sized lump: Hello Elizabeth: Lymphnodes are small structures which produce lymphocytes. These are a type of cell which fight against infection or any foreign object in the body. Generally the nodes enlarge in case of localized or generalized infection / trauma /...

Pathology: Blood report, rotary blood, tiny cells
rotary blood, tiny cells, clinical relevance: Hello Mr Sharma: Any blood parameter by itself has no clinical relevance. It has to be assessed in association with all other values and any signs and symptoms you may have. If all your other CBC parameters are within range and you are otherwise heathy...

Pathology: Blood test results, blood test results, stomach acids
blood test results, stomach acids, white blood cells: Hi again; This was a month ago so any injury / fever / trauma / infection / inflammation to the body at that time would raise the counts. In addition physical activity, like climbing stairs / walk around the block before giving blood sample can falsely...

Pathology: borderline enlarged spleen, swollen lymph nodes, enlarged spleen
swollen lymph nodes, enlarged spleen, blood smear: Hello Jan: All the repeat bloodwork and CT scan are normal, that is good news. As the blood smear was already ordered and for completion sake they may want to do the test. A blood smear allows a look at the morphology (appearance) of blood cells...

Pathology: Clark's Nevus, Junctional Type, pathology results, atypical nevus
pathology results, atypical nevus, melanocytes: Hello Victoria: A Clarks nevus is an atypical nevus. which means it has some features clos to melanoma (skin cancer). However it is NOT cancer. Therefor this is considered pre malignant and carries the risk of developing into cancer. For this reason...

Pathology: My creatine kinise level is elevated to 748, severe muscle cramping, muscle inflammation
severe muscle cramping, muscle inflammation, muscle cells: Hello Caryn: The CK levels are definitely elevated. CK is an type of protein present in the muscle cells. Elevated levels indicate some damage has occurred to the muscles or is occurring. A neurologist is the right specialist. They will test your...

Pathology: Generaised lymph node swelling and FNA, excision biopsy, lymph node biopsy
excision biopsy, lymph node biopsy, complete blood count: Hello Mark: Beta 2 microglobulin helps to assess renal function especially in kidney transplant patients. In addition it serves as a non specific but sensitive marker for different types of cancer, infections and inflammatory diseases. In certain type...

Pathology: Help understanding Blood Labs, peripheral blood smear, low grade fever
peripheral blood smear, low grade fever, low lymphocytes: Hello Mark: Low RBC, HCT, HBG all point towards anemia. Further evaluation using peripheral blood smear (PS) and bone marrow examination ( to assess the morphology of cells) iron and B12 levels etc help to ascertain the type of anemia. If you are not...

Pathology: High number of eosophil's in blood, connective tissue disorders, low platelet count
connective tissue disorders, low platelet count, asthma rhinitis: Hello Sarah: Raised eosinophils point towards a parasitic infection. You have a mild eosinophilia (counts between 600 to 1500 eosinophils/ microliter) Allergy of any kind eg asthma, rhinitis etc. connective tissue disorders like arthritis, fungal infections...

Pathology: Low Lymphocytes, absolute lymphocytes, low lymphocytes
absolute lymphocytes, low lymphocytes, htlv 1: Hello: Most hematological diseases present with symptoms. However, as you have yourself mentioned, at the start of a disease a person can be asymptomatic. For the same reason a bone marrow test may help shed some light on what s going on? I agree getting...

Pathology: Pathology report of Punch Biopsy, cytologic atypia, punch biopsy
cytologic atypia, punch biopsy, atypical mole: Hi Helen: without actually seeing the slides I cannot comment on the diagnosis or rule out a malignancy. However, going by what you have mentioned this could likely be an atypical mole. Such a mole has features in between a benign (regular) mole and...

Pathology: pathology, inflammation of cervix, filamentous bacteria
inflammation of cervix, filamentous bacteria, pap smears: Hello Nola: Leptothrix is a type of filamentous bacteria seen in the PAP smears from vagina and cervix. It is not considered pathogenic that is does not cause any problems. However, leptothrix presence should alert the pathologist to search for another...

Pathology: pls help, atypical cells, cancer cells
atypical cells, cancer cells, pap smear: Hello Mahesh: The report shows cells with some degree of atypia. Atypia refers to cells having feature in between that of normal cells and cancer cells. These cells may or may not progress to become cancer cells. Sometimes such cells are seen post...

Pathology: RCC post op path report, renal cell carcinoma, partial nephrectomy
renal cell carcinoma, partial nephrectomy, renal tumor: Hello Kathleen: A surgical margin is the portion of tissue which appears normal with the naked eye. In every tumor a portion of tissue just adjacent to the tumor is excised to rule out microscopic presence of cancer. If surgical margins are free of tumor...

Pathology: Shave Biopsies, dead tissue, family practitioner
dead tissue, family practitioner, biopsy: Hello Gene: The idea of doing a biopsy is to have it examined and understand what information this provides. If for any reason a biopsy is not sent for examination, the reason has to be explained by the specific doctor. I am not sure why one would not...

Pathology: Skin cancer dianosis, squamous cell carcinoma, invasive squamous cell carcinoma
squamous cell carcinoma, invasive squamous cell carcinoma, cancer cells: Hi Joanne: This indicates that the second biopsy does have cancer next to the area where the original biopsy showed cancer. However the deeper margins which indicate where the biopsy ends is free of tumor. The periphery or sides of the biopsy has some...

Pathology: transitional cell carninoma stage "0", transitional cell carcinoma, flat lesion
transitional cell carcinoma, flat lesion, cancer cells: Hello Rosa: Stage refers to location of the tumor and its absence or presence in areas other than the original location of cancer. Stage 0 indicates that the cancer cells are limited only to the inner lining of the bladder. This is a flat lesion and has...

Pathology: Breast Pathology, breast lesion, breast pathology
breast lesion, breast pathology, 3d ultrasound: Hello Kristina: Having breast surgery at any age is physically and emotionally challenging. If it is some consolation Pseudoangiomatous stromal hyperplasia (PASH) is a benign breast lesion. Which means that some of the normal tissue of the breast has overgrown...

Pathology: cores not of the correct tissue type, prostate glands, prostate biopsy
prostate glands, prostate biopsy, psa levels: Hello Debra: I am unable to see the report as the mail does not forward attachments. In general to make a diagnosis of or to rule out prostate cancer 10-15 cores are needed and each should be between 10 to 15mm in size This is required to optimize...

Pathology: FNA result, hurthle cell cancer, hurthle cells
hurthle cell cancer, hurthle cells, pink cytoplasm: Hello Sandy: Hurthle cells are cells which originate from thyroid cells. A hyperplastic nodule is a nodule formed as a result of overgrowth of cells. Hurthle cells are seen in a number of benign conditions like Thyroiditis, Graves disease etc which can...

Pathology: PSA methodology conflict, psa test, chiangmai
Pathology: PSA methodology conflict, psa test, chiangmai, discrepancy

Pathology: Health Care, absolute monocytes, white blood cell
absolute monocytes, white blood cell, blood test: Hello Elizabeth: Monocytes are a type of white blood cell present in your body. These help fight against infection. Their values are dynamic and vary every time a test is done. That is the reason to have a range. In most people the values fall within...

Pathology: High Lymphocyte Count and Lumps in nec, high lymphocyte count, pins and needles
high lymphocyte count, pins and needles, anti histamines: Hi: HIV is not diagnosed based on lymphocyte count. The CBC being normal except for mild elevation in lymphocytes should not be a cause for concern. You may repeat the test at a later date. Some people may have normal count slightly outside the normal...

Pathology: Interpretation of Blood test, nuclear antigen, antibody levels
nuclear antigen, antibody levels, first mail: Hi: You did not mention that your son is now 18 years old in the first mail. For me the age association is 4 years. EBV Ab VCA IgM is 7 on 12/1/ 2008 as mentioned in your earlier query. Considering now he is 18 this is a very low titer and can be considered...

Pathology: lab results for my husband, alkaline phosphates, alkaline phosphatase
alkaline phosphates, alkaline phosphatase, cancer cells: Hello Kathy: Leukocytes are not normally seen in urine and if present indicate urinary tract infection. Alkaline phosphatase is raised in number of conditions simplest being fracture of bone to some types of cancer. Further tests and complete exam...

Pathology: lumps in neck, lumps in neck, 8th of january
lumps in neck, 8th of january, chest pains: Hello Anta: Without examining the lumps and doing a biopsy / scan etc it is not possible to arrive at a conclusion about the nature of the lumps. Since they have been for some time and are not growing in size you can wait till Jan 8th for the physicians...

Pathology: PSA ECLIA method, radical prostatectomy, disease recurrence
radical prostatectomy, disease recurrence, testing methodology: Hello Gus: Your urologist is on the right track. First of all the tests using different methods / equipment is not exactly interchangeable. There is always a mild variation between test values of different methods and different vendor equipment. The...

Pathology: PSA methodology conflict, conflict doctor, psa levels
conflict doctor, psa levels, percentage of increase: Hello David: The Beckman and Roche analyzers have basically the same underlying mechanism for estimating PSA levels. However they do differ in the type of reagents used. A certain amount of variation is inevitable because different methods have antibodies...

Pathology: re small lump in neck, fine needle aspiration, excision biopsy
fine needle aspiration, excision biopsy, enlarged tonsil: Hi: The nodes could be a result of enlarged tonsil. This may indicate infection and the nodes / lump is then possibly reactive in nature. An FNAC is fine needle aspiration cytology where material from lump is aspirated with a needle and syringe. Then...

Pathology: re strep throat infection/mvp, enlarged tonsil, anti inflammatory drugs
enlarged tonsil, anti inflammatory drugs, high fever: Hello Anita: I do not recommend taking any medication on your own. All antibiotics have side effects and physicians choose medicine based on individual patients specific needs. A pharmacist knows all about drugs but is not aware about how different diseases...

Pathology: shoulder cyst, microscopic diagnosis, scar formation
microscopic diagnosis, scar formation, fluid accumulation: Hi Jackie: The report is essentially of benign tissue. It is likely there was some trauma / injury in this region which healed with scar formation and has some residual effects of injury (inflammation). Inflammation is response of body to injury ...leading...

Pathology: skin cancer, spindle cell neoplasm, spindle cells
spindle cell neoplasm, spindle cells, fibrous tissues: Hello Teri: The report states that the tumor is made up of spindle shaped cells. Such cells are seen in tumors with an origin from blood vessels, nerves or fibrous tissues. The markers help to decide in favor of one over the others. Positive marker...

Pathology: Thyroid FNA Biopsy, needle aspiration biopsy, thyroid follicular cells
needle aspiration biopsy, thyroid follicular cells, fine needle aspiration: Hello Cynthia: The report is inconclusive since the material submitted for interpretation is inadequate. Most of the material is blood and some colloid (this is secreted by cells of thyroid) and cells found in blood. In addition histiocytes are scavenger...

Pathology: multinodular goiter, thyroid function tests, thyroid hormones
thyroid function tests, thyroid hormones, enlarged thyroid: Hello again, I am sorry I did not address the calcification question in my initial response. Microcalcifications are very common in Thyroid - benign conditions as well as cancer. literature reports incidence of calcification in thyroid cancer as 26-54%...

Pathology: nose polyp biopsy, microscopic diagnosis, nasal mass
microscopic diagnosis, nasal mass, pathology report: Hello Greg: A lot of information is gained by observing tissue under the microscope. It is definitely stained....I assume the stains performed: none refers to special stains which are at times used to add to the observations made with routine staining....

Pathology: Submandibular gland mass, use of antibiotics, typical presentation
use of antibiotics, typical presentation, neutrophils: Hello Antonia It is likely that the mass is benign but highly vascular that is has a lot of blood vessels and that is why it bled upon FNAC. If it is inflammatory it should subside by use of antibiotics and painkillers. However I am not an expert...

Pathology: Testicular Cancer, testicular ultrasound, pathology report
testicular ultrasound, pathology report, pathology department: Hello Nermin Metin I am sorry that your husband had to undergo two surgeries instead of one. It is difficult for me to say why the pathology department misdiagnosed in the first instance. If the tissue was inadequate or they saw only normal testicular...

Pathology: wbc/rbc, white blood cells, mild anemia
white blood cells, mild anemia, flight of stairs: Hello Kita Your hemoglobin is low indicating mild anemia...most likely it can be due to iron deficiency. In addition your white blood cells are very slightly elevated. That isn t very significant...small amount of stress even climbing a flight of stairs...

Pathology: Blood work, absolute neutrophil count, red blood cells
absolute neutrophil count, red blood cells, wbc count: Hello Jill: Reference ranges for various parameters are set using samples from a large number of normal population and then setting the upper and lower limits. These ranges may vary from lab to lab. Also what is normal may vary as per the race and for...

Pathology: comments on test report, red blood cells, low grade fever
red blood cells, low grade fever, hepitits: Hello ALT is an enzyme with the highest concentration in the liver. Bilirubin is a product that results from the breakdown of hemoglobin, a substance in the red blood cells. Both the values are raised above normal and are indicative of Liver disease -...

Pathology: Endoscopy Biopsy, intestinal metaplasia, biopsy report
intestinal metaplasia, biopsy report, chronic inflammation: Hello Jill: If the biopsy is from the junction of esophagus and stomach and shows glandular epithelium and intestinal metaplasia is confirmed then it is Barrett s. This report indicates presence of glandular mucosa and may or may not fit in with Barrett...

Pathology: FNAC, fibro adenoma, ultrasound correlation
fibro adenoma, ultrasound correlation, smooth margins: Hello Rama: BIRADS score of 3 indicates that there is a high probability that the lesion is benign ( 98%) However, with this score you will need followup exams and imaging studies. FNAC is a procedure where a needle is introduced in the lesion, some...

Pathology: kidney cancer stage 1, grade 3, grade 3, stage 1
Pathology: kidney cancer stage 1, grade 3, grade 3, stage 1, tumor

Pathology: fibroadenoma or phyllodes tumor, core needle biopsy, spindle cells
core needle biopsy, spindle cells, benign phyllodes tumor: Hello Carolyn I cannot confidently comment on the report as I have not actually seen it. However a leaf like pattern is seen in phyllodes tumor and not in fibroadenoma. It is not a frequent occurrence. you can have the slides reviewed. It would however...

Pathology: kidney cancer stage 1, grade 3, uci research, kidney cancer
uci research, kidney cancer, tumor size: Hello Karen: Stage and Grade of a cancer helps determine the treatment protocol and prognosis. The present criteria used for staging and grading are better but still imperfect. The prognosis percentages are just probabilities and each case is unique....and...

Pathology: Liver lesion, liver lesion, hello dawn
liver lesion, hello dawn, mri with contrast: HI: FNAC is one option. Yes, if the lesion is too small it will not be possible to do an FNAC and get adequate material for analysis. The three month followup would show if there is any change. If the lesion increases in size an FNAC can be done. If...

Pathology: T4 levels, adult reference, t4 levels
adult reference, t4 levels, test levels: Hello Karissa: The reference ranges can vary from laboratory to laboratory. You need to compare your values with the reference range of the testing facility. Commonly used ranges are Adult Reference Ranges: T4 = 5.6-13.7 ug/dl (mcg/dl) FT4 = 0.8-1.5...

Pathology: TB skin test, tb skin test, tb antigens
tb skin test, tb antigens, tb bacteria: Hello Kathy: A TB test called Tuberculin test or Mantoux test is done to ascertain if you have been exposed to the TB bacteria. Once the TB antigens are injected into the skin...it is read 48 to72 hours after it is administered. The firm raised area...

Pathology: Thyroid FNA, thyroid cells, cancer cells
thyroid cells, cancer cells, cancerous cells: Hello Lee Ann No cancer cells seen means just that....the specimen taken out of the nodule did not show cancer cells. In addition no thyroid cells seen. Does the report mention abundant colloid present. If yes, then it means it is just a colloid nodule...

Pathology: Thyroid FNB Results, thyroid hormone levels, chronic inflammatory cells
thyroid hormone levels, chronic inflammatory cells, hashimoto s thyroiditis: Hello Charlotte: Your thyroid FNAC shows changes in the cells of the thyroid consistent with Hashimoto s thyroditis. First of all this is not cancer, that should reduce your anxiety. This is a condition where your body produces antibodies against the...

Pathology: tumors, elbow joints, orthepedic surgeon
elbow joints, orthepedic surgeon, painful mass: Hello Bekah You have just mentioned that you had a fibroadipose tumor....I am trying to guess here what it may have been... a Lipoma / fibromatosis In any case the painful mass has to be biopsied to find out if it is the same tumor or something else....

Pathology: Clark's Nevus, biopsy results, leasion
biopsy results, leasion, gross description: Hello Wendy; Your biopsy suggests that you have a regular mole with some features in between that of a normal mole and cancer. It is not outright skin cancer or melanoma. Such lesions require complete excisions which means the biopsy should show normal...

Pathology: CMV & Pregnancy, special education teacher, type of blood test
special education teacher, type of blood test, silent carriers: Hello Jeri: CMV - cytomegalovirus is a very common virus which infects people of all ages. Once infected by the virus, the virus stays in the body for life. Most people with the virus are silent carriers and do not have any signs or symptoms of a disease....

Pathology: Colloid nodules, enlarged thyroid gland, thyroid nodules
enlarged thyroid gland, thyroid nodules, colloid goiter: Hello Heather: If you have thyroid nodules and have normal FNA report most likely you do not have cancer. Your thyroglobulin also does not indicate cancer. A colloid goiter....is basically enlarged thyroid gland....it enlarges because the gland is not producing...

Pathology: FNA, fine needle aspiration, whipple procedure
fine needle aspiration, whipple procedure, adeno carcinoma: Hi: Dr Marluce Bibbo s e-mail is marluce.bibbo@mail.tju.edu Phone :(215) 955-1197 Mailing Add Thomas Jefferson University,Jefferson Medical College,Department of Pathology, Anatomy & Cell Biology, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19107 United State...

Pathology: FNA of thyroid nodule, nuclear atypia, follicular epithelium
nuclear atypia, follicular epithelium, thyroid hormones: Hi: Your thyroid hormones are within the normal range. So Unithroid is working for you. Histiocytes / macrophages are frequently found in thyroid aspirates. These cells are like scavengers which mop up the excess colloid or material produced in a nodule...

Pathology: Clark's Nevus, mole mapping, skin centers
Pathology: Clark's Nevus, mole mapping, skin centers, malignant melanoma

Pathology: CMV & Pregnancy, special education teacher, thier mothers
Pathology: CMV & Pregnancy, special education teacher, thier mothers, growth spurts

Pathology: Colloid nodules, cervical lymphadenopathy, enlargement of the thyroid gland
Pathology: Colloid nodules, cervical lymphadenopathy, enlargement of the thyroid gland, left lobe

Pathology: Lipase levels, chronic abdominal pain, acute pancreatitis
chronic abdominal pain, acute pancreatitis, lipase levels: Hello Fran: Lipase levels are raised most commonly in conditions related to the pancreas. In acute pancreatitis the elevation is 5 to 10 times the upper level of normal. This can also be elevated in disease of the kidney, salivary gland inflammation...

Pathology: Lymph Node....., lymph nodes, lymph node
lymph nodes, lymph node, ear infection: Hello Mindy: A lymph node which is palpable is considered enlarged. In the neck region if the node is generally less than 2 cm across it is not worrisome provided it revert to non palpable stage within 2-3 weeks. If you have sore throat, cough , ear...

Pathology: lymph nodes, neck nodes, groin lymph node
neck nodes, groin lymph node, lymphnodes: Hello Rebecca: There is no guideline for the size of normal lymphnodes in adults. However, once the nodes are more than 1 cm in size, painful or rounded they are considered abnormal. In general lymphnodes enalrge in response to a localized infection...

Pathology: Mole Biopsy, atypical moles, atypical cells
atypical moles, atypical cells, pathology report: Hello Jamie: The biopsy of a mole can be either benign (a regular mole) or cancer (melanoma). Many a times the findings lie somewhere in between these two ends. The changes in the cells do not entirely fit a cancerous cell pattern and are neither completely...

Pathology: Partial Thyroidectomy Pathology Results, chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis, follicular adenoma
chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis, follicular adenoma, papillary cancer: Hello Cathy: Your report states Hashimotos as the diagnosis. This is a benign autoimmune disorder. Hurthle cells are one of the type of cells seen in Hashimotos. In addition there are other features which will point towards a diagnosis of Hashimotos. ...

Pathology: Pathology report from UGI endoscopy, chronic gastritis, anti inflammatory drugs
chronic gastritis, anti inflammatory drugs, stomach wall: Hello Ivette Chronic gastritis is long standing inflammation of the lining of stomach. It can be due to various causes -- Bacteria, drugs, hot spicy food etc. Foveolae are long pits in the stomach wall and are lined by thin layer of cells. These are...

Pathology: Prostate cancer, gleason score, seminal vesicle
gleason score, seminal vesicle, radical prostatectomy: Hello Jill: I am sorry to hear about your husbands cancer diagnosis. I wish him good health and quick recovery from the surgery. Surgery is the treatment of choice. I am not an expert on types of surgeries so cannot comment on that aspect. A radical...

Pathology: PSA, psa levels, free psa
psa levels, free psa, psa test: Hi: 3.06 is still below the cutoff of 4.0 ng/ ml A free PSA is usually interpreted in relation to PSA more than 4 ng / ml. Most men have a free PSA between 10 and 24% and this carries an intermediate risk of cancer I do not have much experience in the...

Pathology: second opinion, papillary carcinoma of thyroid, papillary carcinoma of the thyroid
papillary carcinoma of thyroid, papillary carcinoma of the thyroid, carcinoma of the thyroid: Hello Eileen I am glad that the information provided by me is useful to you. There is at yet no pre cancerous stage identified for papillary cancer of the thyroid. However certain conditions like Celiac disease, exposure to radiation, certain genes...

Pathology: autopsy report, pathology specimens, large intestines
pathology specimens, large intestines, gross appearance: Hello Angeline In reference to pathology specimens Grossly is used for the outer appearance of biopsy / organ / tissue. What is visible to the naked eye is another way to describe gross appearance. So on naked eye examination the intestine is intact....that...

Pathology: Chemistry & hematology, ast sgot, low rdw
ast sgot, low rdw, careful evaluation: Hello Sherry: A reference range for any laboratory test is set after taking samples from a representative healthy population and are referred to as normal range or normal value. However, if some people have values outside this range and do not have any...

Pathology: lymphocyte count dropping, chronic stress, lymphocyte
Pathology: lymphocyte count dropping, chronic stress, lymphocyte, heart stroke

Pathology: genes, breast cancer genes, cancer cells
breast cancer genes, cancer cells, breast cancer: Hello P: BRCA 1 and 2 are genes which can mutate that is have changes which can make the person more likely to develop breast or ovarian cancer. These are used for screening women with strong family history of breast or ovarian cancer. If a women is positive...

Pathology: hepatic lesion, lesion, centimeter
lesion, centimeter, vicky: Hello Vicky The term is self explanatory...The lesion (mass / lump) in the liver is less than a centimeter in size. At this point it is not evolved enough to determine its nature - infectious / benign or cancer. Short term follow up is recommended....

Pathology: Liver Disease and Blood Test Result Help, absolute monocytes, blood test result
absolute monocytes, blood test result, absolute lymphocytes: Hello Joseph: The bloodwork shows all counts to be on the lower side. The leukopenia could be because of a number of causes. A viral infection tends to decrease white blood cells. Auto immune disorders, certain drugs and liver disease itself can cause...

Pathology: Liver Lesion, liver lesion, red blood cells
liver lesion, red blood cells, lipoma removal: Hello: I am sorry, but it is difficult to comment on the lesion without actually seeing the image. An RBC scan can take anywhere between 15 to 35 min. If multiple images are taken there will be a gap of couple of hours between images. Time of scan...

Pathology: lymphocyte count dropping, lymphoma, lymphopenia
lymphoma, lymphopenia: Hello Kevin: Based on the information provided above I agree with your physician and the ENT surgeons. The lump is not significant and is highly unlikely to be lymphoma because of the following reasons: 1) Size is small - almost of a normal node 2)...

Pathology: Pathology, soft tissue lesions, opportunistic infections in hiv
soft tissue lesions, opportunistic infections in hiv, thesis guide: Hello Tanushree: welcome to Pathology. It is a challenging and interesting field Generally a thesis topic is selected in consultation with your thesis guide or mentor. it is based on his / her area of interest. If the pathologist who is your guide...

Pathology: path lab, pregnancy and breast feeding, high risk pregnancy, pathology lab
high risk pregnancy, pathology lab, lab supervisor: Hello K I am not aware of any resource which specifically gives information about chemical exposure and nursing mothers. Only if something is ingested by you and the body absorbs it, has chance of being transmitted to a feeding child. If you are uncomfortable...

Pathology: Renal Cell Carcinoma and CT Results, RCC, metastasis
RCC, metastasis, diverticulum: Hello Maryann: I remember answering your earlier questions. I am happy to note that your husbands scan is normal. Imaging studies post surgery for any cancer are done to look for: 1)Metastasis - that is spread of cancer to other organs 2)Recurrence...

Pathology: Test results, red blood cells, irritable bowel syndrome
red blood cells, irritable bowel syndrome, size of red blood cells: Hello Kathy: your hematocrit is at the upper limit of normal. Dehydration, inadequate lung function because of which adequate oxygen is not available, chronic smoking etc are the common causes of raised hematocrit. RDW measures the variation is size...

Pathology: thyroid nodule - Ultrasound & FNA, thyroid nodule, ultrasound guidance
thyroid nodule, ultrasound guidance, hashimoto s thyroiditis: Hello Cheryl: Chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis is an alternate name for Hashimoto s thyroiditis. This is an autoimmune disease and progresses slowly. There is infiltration by lymphocytes and enlargement of the gland. the lymphocytes will produce antibodies...

Pathology: tumor spread aggressive ?, tumor response, lymph nodes
tumor response, lymph nodes, prognosis: Hi Aggressive is just what it means in English language. assertive or pushy. In other words has a tendency to push through and spread. Staging refers to size of tumor presence or absence of involvement of lymph nodes by the tumor. These nodes if involved...

Pathology: WBC, neutrophil count, white blood cells
neutrophil count, white blood cells, physical exertion: Hello Kim: The WBC count is slightly elevated with neutrophils ( a type of white blood cells)contributing to this elevation. This is difficult to say what it means in isolation. The values have to be interpreted in relation to your clinical history,...

Pathology: blood count test, cll patient, microliter
cll patient, microliter, blood count: Hello Ronald: The absolute count in your case will be 10.1x thousand / microliter of blood Therefore in a microlitre of blood you have 10000 lymphocytes. This is higher than the normal range. This value has to be interpreted in relation to your previous...

Pathology: blood test results, low neutrophils, volunteer fireman
low neutrophils, volunteer fireman, lymphs: Hello Connie: At 21 your grandson should be in reasonable good health. A single reading of low neutrophils and relatively higher lymphocytes may just indicate a mild viral infection which may be resolving. However, if a repeat blood test after a month...

Pathology: blood test, lumps in the neck, atypical lymphocytes
lumps in the neck, atypical lymphocytes, white blood cells: Hello Joyce: An investigation cannot be interpreted on its own...it has to be correlated with clinical signs and symptoms. Why was the complete Blood count ordered? Did you have fever / sore throat / any lumps in the neck etc. Atypical lymphocytes...

Pathology: Calcified Thyroid Nodule, thyroid nodule, cancerous lesions
thyroid nodule, cancerous lesions, pain behind the ear: Hello Ruth: Calcification in a thyroid nodule is indicative of malignancy, however, calcification may also be seen in benign (non cancerous) lesions. Unless an FNAC or biopsy is done, it is not wise to speculate on the nature of the lesion. Your...

Pathology: core needle biopsy, core needle biopsy, excision biopsy
core needle biopsy, excision biopsy, core biopsy: Hello Carolyn: I can understand your concern about the number of samples needed. A core biopsy is requested because it causes less trauma, is fairly accurate,is inexpensive and can be done as an outpatient procedure. If there is a localized palpable...

Pathology: Epitheleal cells lymph node post TT, excision biopsy, papillary carcinoma
excision biopsy, papillary carcinoma, cancer cells: Hello Joan: Lymph nodes do not have epithelial cells and if present always need to be evaluated. In an FNA sample epithelial cells can appear as a contaminant from skin itself. The morphology (appearance) of epithelial cells is more important in...

Pathology: Calcified Thyroid Nodule, parathyroid disease, parathyroids
Pathology: Calcified Thyroid Nodule, parathyroid disease, parathyroids, parathyroid

Pathology: Lymphocytes/Elliptocytes/Acanthocytes, atypical lymphocytes, acanthocytes
atypical lymphocytes, acanthocytes, gaining weight: Hello Stephanie: Your doctor can advise better as he / she would have examined your son. Now just by the blood tests you have mentioned, I do not think there is anything serious. At the most this may evolve into anemia if the hemoglobin at present is...

Pathology: low absolute monocytes, low absolute monocytes, red blood cells
low absolute monocytes, red blood cells, hemoglobin concentration: Hello Tammy: The report has to be interpreted in light of the signs and symptoms you have. Most often increased MCV (average volume of red blood cell - measures the size of the cells) MCH (average hemoglobin concentration in red blood cells) and RDW...

Pathology: low lymphocyte count, low lymphocyte count, low neutrophils
low lymphocyte count, low neutrophils, low grade fever: Hello Samra: I think that the raised neutrophils are because of the fever and sore throat you have. It may even be stomach flu (pain abdomen) What I mean is basically that you have some form of mild bacterial infection. The low lymphocyte count is relative...

Pathology: low white blood cell count, low wbc count, low white blood cell
low wbc count, low white blood cell, white blood cell: Hi Brigid: I do not think you should unduly worry about the WBC count. In fact the count has improved since the last time you were tested. Moreover, the normal range for all blood tests is estimated as an average value from a set of normal population....

Pathology: mole removal, skin biopsy, hello dawn
skin biopsy, hello dawn, atypical cells: Hello Dawn: I do not understand the question. Most likely you had a skin biopsy done and it must be showing atypical cells...cells which do not fit into the criteria of normal cells...or the biopsy may be inadequate. If you can send the details of the...

Pathology: Need to understand what Pathology report means........before decision on surgery, hurthle cell, dystrophic calcification
hurthle cell, dystrophic calcification, follicular adenoma: Hello Julie: Your FNA report indicates a complex picture with features overlapping with benign conditions and some features suggestive of cancer. However the type of cancer suggested by this report cannot be confirmed by FNA and needs a resected specimen....

Pathology: Possible lymphoma, c reactive proteins, elevated c reactive protein
c reactive proteins, elevated c reactive protein, infectious mononucleosis: Hello Christina: Burkitt s lymphoma is extremely rare in united states so it is not advisable to straightaway jump to this conclusion. EBV tests being positive in a young person with all the symptoms described could point towards infectious mononucleosis...a...

Pathology: results if full blood count, Clexane, low blood counts
Clexane, low blood counts: Hello Catherine: Wishing you a problem free pregnancy and a healthy baby. During pregnancy there can be some dilutional changes in blood and can explain the low total white blood cell counts as well as low neutrophils and lymphocytes (types of white blood...

Pathology: SCLEROSING ENCAPSULATING PERITONITIS, cause obstruction, general imaging
cause obstruction, general imaging, rare disorder: Hi Jan Sclerosing Encapsulating peritonitis or abdominal cocoon is a rare disorder. Fibrocollagenous tissue wraps around loops of the bowel and cause obstruction. However, like any other disease, its diagnosis depends upon the skill and expertise of...

Pathology: Subclinical Hyperthyroidism, thyroid hormones, symptoms of hypothyroidism
thyroid hormones, symptoms of hypothyroidism, hormones levels: Hello Desiree: I am not an expert in endocrinology so do not have indepth knowledge on the subject. Sub clinical hyperthyroidism is an entity which is increasingly recognized these days. it is defined as low / undetectable levels of TSH and normal free...

Pathology: pet scan report, lung biopsy, chronic inflammation
lung biopsy, chronic inflammation, cancer cells: Hello again: The PET scan has revealed a nodule in the lung which is solid and 1.3 cm in size. there is another nodule which has a cavity. These two lesions are present side by side. The PET report conveys that most likely these nodules are not cancer...

Pathology: Thyroid US/FNA results, fine needle aspiration, thyroid follicle
fine needle aspiration, thyroid follicle, follicular adenoma: Hi: These terms are better explained by a radiologist. In ultrasound, the images are obtained by sound waves hitting and passing through different areas and they get deflected in different manner producing hyper / hypo or isoechoic patterns. Trying to...

Pathology: thymic tissue, soft tissue density, accessory spleen
soft tissue density, accessory spleen, cancer cells: Hello Vicky: A radiologist who has seen the images of the CT scan can better comment on the nature of the soft tissue density. If it is worrisome the radiologist would suggest a biopsy. An accessory spleen is just that...an additional smaller spleen....

Pathology: abnormal lymph absolute number, blood test results, cholesterol levels
blood test results, cholesterol levels, wbc count: Hello Kelly: The various ranges for blood tests are set after taking numerous samples from a given set of normal population. There are always people who fall outside this range. If you are other wise healthy and have no signs and symptoms then the WBC...

Pathology: bladder cancer, bladder cancer, transitional cell carcinoma
bladder cancer, transitional cell carcinoma: Hi: The most common form of bladder cancer arises from the lining cells of the bladder called transitional epithelium. When the cancer cells stay within the inner lining of bladder or just into the underlying tissue(lamina propria) and do not invade...

Pathology: blood test results, blood test results, blood sugar levels
blood test results, blood sugar levels, stomach flu: Hello Mark: I would not unduly worry about these blood tests. Blood glucose tests measure how well your body processes sugar. What you had was a random blood sugar test...one which is taken at any point of time regardless of time at which food is...

Pathology: CT Findings -, soft tissue density, pulmonary nodules
soft tissue density, pulmonary nodules, biopsy material: Hello Krista: If the lymph nodes and the nodules had any suggestion that they are malignant the radiologist would suggest a biopsy. Also it depends on the size and location...if they are too tiny and in a location where adequate biopsy material will not...

Pathology: what is the cause of high mm/hr ?, sedimentation rate, esr test
sedimentation rate, esr test, autoimmune diseases: Hi Naomi: If I understand correctly this must refer to your ESR test (erythrocyte sedimentation rate) This is a screening and non specific test and raised levels indicate acute or chronic infection / inflammation, autoimmune diseases etc. Specific tests...

Pathology: FNAC report, auxillary lymph nodes, biopsy specimen
auxillary lymph nodes, biopsy specimen, micro calcification: Hi A mammogram should pick up a lump in the breast. The FNAC report mentions the word lump - Microscopy: Cytology smears from lump breast reveal abundant necrosis and highly atypical ductal epithelial cells in loose groups and lying isolated. ...

Pathology: HLA-B27 positive male & low white cell, autoimmune, HLA B27
autoimmune, HLA B27: Hello Theresa HLA B27 is an antigen found on the surface of white blood cells. It is either present or absent. If it is present upon testing but the person has no associated symptoms like chronic pain, inflammation, changes in the bones as seen on X-Rays...

Pathology: hurtle cell, hurthle cells, hashimoto s thyroiditis
hurthle cells, hashimoto s thyroiditis, specimen source: Hello Camille: The report mentions that you have Hashimoto s thyroiditis. It is a kind of immune mediated disease of thyroid. Hurthle cells ( a specific type of cell) are seen in this condition and the nodule could be a part of this. You needn t get...

Pathology: LOW WHITE BLOOD CELL COUNT, ana titer, diseases of liver
ana titer, diseases of liver, low white blood cell: Hello June: The antibodies and ANA titre alone are not sufficient for diagnosis of Lupus. ANA titre / antibodies can be high in a number of autoimmune diseases like arthritis, scleroderma etc. Autoimmune diseases of Liver, thyroid and other infectious...

Pathology: low wbc, low wbc, mild anemia
low wbc, mild anemia, hematologist: Hello Flo: As per the information provided by you I cannot make an attempt to decide what can be the cause for the minimally low counts. In general these limits are set by taking values from a normal population. Your values though on the lower side can...

Pathology: Monocytes, test values, blood test
test values, blood test, norm: Hello Baskar: 4.6% is Ok...there is no need for further evaluation. All blood test values have a range derived from a set of normal population.There are people who fall outside of this range. If you are otherwise healthy and have no symptoms there is...

Pathology: Potassium Limits, sodium potassium, potassium imbalance
sodium potassium, potassium imbalance, heart contraction: Hello Mike: Sodium and potassium are known as electrolytes in medical language. These are measured alone or part of a metabolic panel in a routine physical and are used to monitor the electrolyte and acid base balance. These are affected by diet, how...

Pathology: Protein electrophoresis, high alkaline phosphatase, hepatic function panel
high alkaline phosphatase, hepatic function panel, protein electrophoresis: Hello Henry: Was this part of your total protein estimation? If so raised globulins will have a proportionate decrease in albumin. This can be due to auto immune disorders, multiple myeloma and if the albumin is low there can be liver disorder. Your...

Pathology: pathology normal ranges, medical book store, pathology tests
medical book store, pathology tests, pathology lab: Hello vinay: You can request the lab where you get your blood work done to give you the reference ranges for routine tests. You could look online eg www.labtestsonline.org or buy a card at a medical book store. However since there are so many of pathology...

Pathology: Regarding WBC count, pregnancy, leukocytosis
pregnancy, leukocytosis, WBC count: Hello Sheeja: Congratulations! May God bless you with a healthy baby. During pregnancy lot of changes occur in a mothers body. There is an increase in number of white blood cells in pregnancy (physiological leukocytosis). If you do not have associated...

Pathology: swallen nodes, hiv infection, relevant tests
hiv infection, relevant tests, lymph nodes: Hello: A reactive lymph node can occur in response to any infection in the body. To diagnose HIV infection different type of blood tests are done. Even if lymph node morphology suggests HIV infection it is confirmed by other set of tests. If you are...

Pathology: thyroid nodules, thyroid nodules, acute inflammation
thyroid nodules, acute inflammation, follicular cells: Hello Jane: This is a descriptive report - just telling what is seen. The neutrophils seen could be because the aspirate was admixed with blood. Only a person who has seen the slides can comment on their significance. Overall there is nothing highly...

Pathology: Atypical epithelial cells, lump in breast, atypical cells
lump in breast, atypical cells, cancer cells: Hello: Atypical cells are those which have an appearance (morphology) in between that of normal cells and cancer cells. High atypia - here cells lean more towards cancer type of cells but not outright cancer. Necrosis is term which is used for cell...

Pathology: abnormal report of reneal funtion test, serum creatinine, function of kidney
serum creatinine, function of kidney, protein metabolism: Hi Amar: Renal function tests are done to evaluate the function of kidney. It is ordered in patients with high blood pressure, diabetes and patients who are otherwise very sick and hospitalized. The Blood urea (normal 6-20 mg / dl) and creatinine (0.9...

Pathology: atypical mole, atypical mole
atypical mole: Hello Andrea: Atypical moles are different from regular moles. They are bigger in size with irregular ill defined borders. Under the microscope they have features in between of normal mole and melanoma. Such moles are considered pre cancerous, however,...

Pathology: Blood Test Results, anion gap, absolute monocytes
anion gap, absolute monocytes, blood test results: Hello Kristen: All your bloodwork shows values within normal range and are not suggestive of any specific disease. The sedimentation rate is slightly elevated. This is a non specific test which helps measure amount of inflammation in the body. I am...

Pathology: Blood Tests & Pathology Report, low lymphocytes, grade dysplasia
low lymphocytes, grade dysplasia, flaxseed oil: Hello Grace: I apologize for the delay in answering your question. LDH(LD) is a test which estimates levels of lactate dehydrogenase enzyme. This test is ordered as a screening test when tissue or cellular damage is suspected. If this is elevated...

Pathology: Blood test results, blood test results, alkaline phosphatase
blood test results, alkaline phosphatase, clinical relevance: Hello Robert: There is a very minimal change of your values from the normal range. These as such do not have any clinical relevance. Most ranges are derived from numerous tests done on normal population. There are always people who fall outside this range....

Pathology: Blood work results question, t cell lymphoma, blood test results
t cell lymphoma, blood test results, white blood count: Hello again: Lymphoma can affect blood cell counts and they can drop. However a drop is not diagnostic of return of lymphoma. Only bone marrow exam or a lymph node biopsy will confirm such a diagnosis. Thyroid hormone imbalance may also change the blood...

Pathology: bladder ca biopsy, transitional cell carcinoma
transitional cell carcinoma: Hello Vince: Transitional cell carcinoma is the most common cancer of the bladder. It arises from the lining of the bladder. Usually it has finger like projections into the bladder cavity or may grow flat on the inner surface. Staging refers to evaluation...

Pathology: CBC after cancer, mid back pain, serum ferritin
mid back pain, serum ferritin, cbc results: Hello Liz: your CBC results are still within the normal range even though some values are at the borderline limits. all these parameters are dynamic and they change on a day to day basis..no two CBC results will be same. As long as they are within range...

Pathology: FNAC finding. Is everything OK ?, Galactocele
Galactocele: Hello Mr Kumar: Congratulations on the new baby. What your wife has been diagnosed with...Galactocele is often seen in women who are lactating (breast feed). There is obstruction of a duct in the breast leading to collection and stagnation of milk. ...

Pathology: High CBC and Beta hCG results, low wbc count, ectopic pregnancy
low wbc count, ectopic pregnancy, cbc results: hello Ronda: In general for a miscarriage the hCG values halve every 48 hours. the WBC count can rise asa reaction to miscarriage. Hashimoto s is generally associated with a low WBC count. I am not very familiar with serology of pregnancy, I hope...

Pathology: HistoPathology report, focal epithelial hyperplasia, invasive ductal carcinoma
focal epithelial hyperplasia, invasive ductal carcinoma, inflammatory exudate: Hello Prashant: Your mother has been diagnosed to have Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS). Ductal means it is a cancer arising from the milk ducts in the breast and is in situ or is in place. In other words the cancer is confined to its site of origin and...

Pathology: lipase amelaze levels, diseases of pancreas, acute pancreatitis
diseases of pancreas, acute pancreatitis, lipase levels: Hello Nikki: Lipase test is done to measure the levels of lipase a type of protein (enzyme) which aids in digestion of fatty food. This is secreted by a gland called pancreas present close to the stomach. Elevated levels of lipase are commonly seen in...

Pathology: low monocytes, low monocytes, routine checkup
low monocytes, routine checkup, blood work: Hello Shelcy: If this was a routine checkup and you are otherwise healthy there is no cause for concern. The monocytes normal value is a range decided after averaging values from a normal set of population. There are always outliers and mild variation...

Pathology: Mole Spread & High ANA, auto immune disorder, ana test
auto immune disorder, ana test, rheumatologist: Hi Karl: ANA test is done to rule out or confirm auto immune disorder. The ANA test results have to be interpreted in light of all your symptoms. The ANA is positive but by itself it is not diagnostic of anything. As mentioned a rheumatologist will...

Pathology: PSA Assay Test, psa assay, psa tests
psa assay, psa tests, lab result: Hello Mike: The recommendation in general is to stick to one lab and one specific method of assay. PSA done in different labs / different equipment can have a difference of 10 -20 % in values The difference can be because of how the sample is handled...

Pathology: pathology report on sarcidosis, sarcidosis, pathology report
sarcidosis, pathology report, clay soil: Hello: Sarcoidosis is a disease the exact cause of which is not known. It is understood that something triggers the immune response of the body leading to this disease. Many microorganisms, metals like aluminum, zirconium, pollen, dust, clay, soil etc have...

Pathology: Solitary Infantile Myofibromatosis, collagen stains, soft tissue mass
collagen stains, soft tissue mass, spindle cells: Hello Amanda Gibson: solitary intraosseous infantile myofibromatosis is rare but most common tumor found in this age in such a location. It is definitely negative for S-100 S-100 is a protein found in different types of cells...especially cells of neural...

Pathology: Thyroid problem, high tsh levels, subclinical hypothyroidism
high tsh levels, subclinical hypothyroidism, thyroid disorder: Hello Kavya: A High TSH with normal T3 and T4 hormones is suggestive of mild or subclinical hypothyroidism. This is a condition where the thyroid is not producing adequate hormones. The disease may be in initial stages and later the hormones will decrease....

Pathology: Ultrasound findings for Thyroid, nuclear medicine scan, ultrasound findings
nuclear medicine scan, ultrasound findings, septations: Hello Roy: A radiologist will do a better job at explaining this report. However, here is my take on this. The thyroid basically shows a cyst - a cavity which may be filled with fluid / debris and has also been partitioned into sections (septate cyst)Hence...

Pathology: White blood count, bone marrow examination, white blood cells
bone marrow examination, white blood cells, blood cell count: Hello Rolando: A white blood cell count of 16.0 (16,000 cells / microlitre) is a mildly elevated count and often seen in infections. Unless there was something additionally wrong in the bloodwork reported I do not think just a slight elevation of white...

Pathology: Abnormal test results, wbc count, poor appetite
wbc count, poor appetite, flight of stairs: Hello Candace: The WBC count is raised in a number of conditions. It is the most basic test done and does not specify a problem just indicates that something may be abnormal. In addition it also depends on how high the values are above the normal range....

Pathology: CBC, atypical lymphs, random variation
atypical lymphs, random variation, warning signs: Hello MJ: The platelets are mildly reduced but not significant enough to cause any problem. The other counts are not worrisome by themselves.If you are otherwise healthy then this could be a random variation and the repeat tests should be within normal...

Pathology: Colon biopsy, chronic inflammatory cells, inflammatory bowel disease
chronic inflammatory cells, inflammatory bowel disease, mast cells: Hello Amy: The biopsy does not indicate any abnormality. One there is no evidence of cancer in the biopsy. Second there are no features of inflammatory bowel disease. Parasites can be ruled out better by stool examination. However if any parasite parts...

Pathology: FNA Cytology Report, lymphoid proliferation, thyroid hormones
lymphoid proliferation, thyroid hormones, follicular cells: Hello Mary: I would not worry much about the Hurthle cells being cancerous. If there were some nuclear changes indicative of atypical change or cancer definitely an excision would be recommended. If this is a subacute / silent lymphocytic thyroiditis...that...

Pathology: Thyroid Ultrasound Results, nuclear medicine, ultrasound
Pathology: Thyroid Ultrasound Results, nuclear medicine, ultrasound, medicine

Pathology: Lab Results, ast sgot, chronic fatigue
ast sgot, chronic fatigue, healthy diet: Hello Camille: AST(SGOT) is used in conjunction with other tests to evaluate the liver. Low levels are rare and indicate malnutrition and deficiency of Vit B6 However, just one low level value is not to be relied upon...if a repeat test shows similar...

Pathology: Low Iron, iron deficiency anemia, dizziness and fatigue
iron deficiency anemia, dizziness and fatigue, intestinal parasites: Hello John: It is uncommon for men to have iron deficiency anemia. Some of the common causes can be... dietary deficiency, ulcers in the stomach or intestine which bleed, intestinal parasites, hemorrhoids or cancer in the stomach / intestine. It could...

Pathology: Monocytes, Neutrophils and CBC's, alk phosphatase, mystery illness
alk phosphatase, mystery illness, dynamic values: Hello Caroline: I can understand your concern that the values keep increasing though still within normal range or are at lower end of normal. Let me assure you that indeed your bloodwork is normal. The various parameters tested in CBC / sed rate / metabolic...

Pathology: necrosis, brain biopsy, right temporal lobe
brain biopsy, right temporal lobe, pathology report: Hello: It is true if astrocytes are only occasional how can they be aggressive? A perfect question. If a young person has a biopsy with very few normal looking cells (astrocytes) in this case, no clear cut cancer tissue and only dead tissue...the first...

Pathology: PSA Methods, antigen antibody reaction, psa levels
antigen antibody reaction, psa levels, psa test: Hello: I think the result from PSA ICMA lab is reliable. It is still within normal range of 0-4 ng/ml That is where it should be. All blood cell / hormone levels of our body are dynamic and never two values are same. However, if they stay within a specified...

Pathology: pathologic diagnosis - scleroderma, connective tissue disorder, polarization microscopy
connective tissue disorder, polarization microscopy, pathologic diagnosis: Hello Carol: The report is essentially describing different parts of the skin. It has an upper portion called epidermis and lower dermis. In addition there are structures which support the hair and glands which produce oil for the skin. All of it is...

Pathology: questions, medicine person, stomach problem
medicine person, stomach problem, gamit: Hello Chuck: Of course a internal medicine person will answer this better. However, I think you should not take your symptoms lightly...this could reflect a problem with the heart, kidneys etc...or may just be simple stomach problem / gastritis. But...

Pathology: Thyroid Level, weight management program, gaining muscle
weight management program, gaining muscle, mg dose: Hello Traci: I assume that the levels you have mentioned are for TSH and if so 2.6 is within normal range. This would mean that you are euthyroid with the help of Synthyroid. Euthyroid means that the thyroid is functioning normally. so you need to maintain...

Pathology: Thyroid Ultrasound Results, thyroid ultrasound, auto antibodies
thyroid ultrasound, auto antibodies, goiter: Hello Julie: Calcification can be seen in cases of cancer as well as non cancerous thyroid lesion. At times goiter can have focal calcification. Your physician should recommend a FNAC procedure to aspirate some cells from thyroid and help in diagnosing...

Pathology: Understanding MY Sons Bloodwork!, normal anion gap, ast sgot
normal anion gap, ast sgot, high monocytes: Hello Cynthia: What was the reason for getting this bloodwork done? If signs and symptoms are known the results are better interpreted in correlation. Still almost all blood work is normal. There are three mild variations from normal FT4 - it is...

Pathology: abnormal absolute lymph counts, 72 years, blood work
72 years, blood work, viral infection: Hello Cindy: A number of conditions can cause raised lymphocyte count ranging from viral infection to cancer. Without further tests and evaluation it would be pure speculation to try and arrive at a diagnosis. Please wait for the reports on other...

Pathology: Bayer Chemiluminescent Method, mild inflammation, benign conditions
mild inflammation, benign conditions, chemiluminescent: Hello Robert: The PSA should be less than 4 ng/ml If this increases beyond this value it is indicative of a number of benign conditions as well cancer of prostate (usually has to be more than 10ng/ml) Most likely explanation I can suggest is that last...

Pathology: Blood test results, low hemoglobin, age adults
low hemoglobin, age adults, last test: Hello Melanie: The blood tests values are based on age...adults and children have different ranges The values of the lymphocytes range from 1000 to 3500 and your daughters seem to be within range. Low red count along with low hemoglobin could signify...

Pathology: blood test results, blood test results, white blood cells
blood test results, white blood cells, emercency room: hello Angela: The blood test reports are not clinically significant. The WBC count is mildly elevated at 11.7 this could be related to the numerous infection you have mentioned but does not suggest any active infection. The other results are minimally...

Pathology: CBC LYMPH RESULTS, low lymphocyte count, outer margins
low lymphocyte count, outer margins, blood values: Hello George: The blood count normal range are arrived at as an average of values of a given set of normal population. Since this is an average there are people who would fall on the outer margins of this range. Since you are other wise healthy this could...

Pathology: CBC test results, absolute eosinophils, infectious mononucleosis
absolute eosinophils, infectious mononucleosis, mild anemia: Hello Mildred: The eosinophils are raised and relatively the neutrophils are reduced. The eosinophils are raised when there is a parasitic infection or some form of allergy. these are also higher in smokers. The absolute eosinophils are not raised indicating...

Pathology: complex thyroid cyst, solitary lesions, thyroid cyst
solitary lesions, thyroid cyst, cystic lesion: Hello Gina: It would be pure speculation to comment on the nature of the lesion without actually looking at a biopsy or FNAC Solitary lesions can be both benign or cancerous. Sudden increase in size of cyst along with pain can be due to bleeding in the...

Pathology: diabetes, hemoglobin content, plasma value
hemoglobin content, plasma value, blood sugar levels: hello Shalu: Glucose home monitoring devices like the glucometer analyze whole blood specimen from the capillaries (finger prick), whereas in a laboratory the automated analyzers use blood from veins from which plasma ( the clear liquid part of blood)is...

Pathology: Ferritin level Question!, iron deficiency anemia, peripheral blood smear
iron deficiency anemia, peripheral blood smear, high hemoglobin: Hello Meg: Ferritin levels are measured to asses the storage iron in the body. When iron stores are reduced /depleted a person develops iron deficiency anemia. Anemia refers to decrease in amount of hemoglobin in blood. Initially there can be reduction...

Pathology: Pap Smear test result, neoplastic changes, cancer
Pathology: Pap Smear test result, neoplastic changes, cancer, suggestion

Pathology: High Neutrophil - Low Lymph, high neutrophils, chronic tonsilitis
high neutrophils, chronic tonsilitis, low lymphocytes: Hello Tameka: The blood counts are minimally out of range. High neutrophil is seen in infections and as the neutrophils rise there is relative decrease in lymphocytes. Sometimes physical stress like climbing stairs or walking a block before giving the...

Pathology: high white blood cell count, high blood count, white blood cell
high blood count, white blood cell, high wbc count: Hi Bre: Generally this high blood count is seen in active infection and you would have accompanying fever and other symptoms. Or if you have an open wound then also you get high WBC count. If you are other wise healthy and yet have a high WBC count,...

Pathology: Low lymphocyte count?, full blood count, low lymphocyte count
full blood count, low lymphocyte count, low lymphocytes: Hello again: Low counts can be physiological which means that your normal range is at a relatively lower level than most. Any viral or bacterial infection...cold sore throat by a virus can cause lowering of counts. The counts regulate themselves if...

Pathology: Low neutrophils, high lymphocytes, low neutrophils high lymphocytes, dynamic values
low neutrophils high lymphocytes, dynamic values, minimal increase: Hello Becky: All the blood parameters tested are dynamic values and their levels vary every time you are tested. as long as they remain within range its fine. If there is minimal increase or decrease unaccompanied by any symptoms then there is no need...

Pathology: Low white blood cells, low wbc count, low white blood cells
low wbc count, low white blood cells, white blood cells: hello Faye: A low WBC count for past 20 years with no significant health issues does not indicate any disease especially HIV. A person with HIV infection has low counts of lymphocytes and has constant infections. This low count could be the normal...

Pathology: liver bx, liver function tests, plasma cells
liver function tests, plasma cells, chronic inflammation: Hello Sylvia: The report is describing the normal cell architecture of liver. Overall this indicates that there is no cancer. Also no cell death (necrosis)is seen. There is mild chronic inflammation (lymphocytic infiltrate) There is mild fatty change...

Pathology: liver and lymphocytes, high lymphocyte count, liver enzyme count
high lymphocyte count, liver enzyme count, liver enzymes: Hello Sara: This is a case of drug reaction. The antibiotics did not suit you and reacted causing rash and some amount of damage to liver thus raising the liver enzymes. All should revert to normal once you are off the medication for a while. Remember...

Pathology: low potassium, abnormal ekg at e.r., glucose tolerance test, reading ekg
glucose tolerance test, reading ekg, sinus rhythm: hello Judy: The tests done in the ER and not worrisome and are not clinically significant. GTT would help evaluate for diabetes and if present could to an extent explain nausea You could also get your vision tested. I am not an expert in reading EKG...

Pathology: Malignant Path Report ?, skin appendages, sweat glands
skin appendages, sweat glands, surgical excision: Hello Linda: Your path report mentions a diagnosis of Dermal cylindroma. I believe this is what was removed from your forehead. Cylindromas are benign tumors and arise from skin appendages. This is thought to arise from the sweat glands in the skin....

Pathology: Pap Smear test result, pap smear test, squamous epithelial cells
pap smear test, squamous epithelial cells, causative organisms: Hello Rita: The report s first two pints are consistent with post partum findings...that is this what you would find after giving birth. The inflammation is severe indicating infection. Since no causative organisms re mentioned this could be related...

Pathology: Pathology report, compound melanocytic nevus, benign nevus
compound melanocytic nevus, benign nevus, compound nevus: Hello Greg: A melanocytic nevus is basically a birthmark and represents pigmented black or brown spot In medical terms a melanocytic nevus is a benign growth of pigment producing cells in the epidermis (upper layer of skin) When these pigment producing...

Pathology: patholgy report, lymph node biopsy, lymphadenitis
lymph node biopsy, lymphadenitis, microorganism: Hello Sylvia: Your report states that the lymph node biopsy shows non specific lymphadenitis and no lymphoma is seen This means that no definite disease pattern can be identified. It is a reactive node. The lymph nodes are structures which produce lymphocytes...cells...

Pathology: pathology, wbc count, lymphocyte count
wbc count, lymphocyte count, hiv infection: Hello sushmitha: Please rest assured going by the WBC count there is no indication of HIV infection. Blood counts are dynamic and change every time you have them repeated. The normal range for WBC is from 4000 to 11000 cell / cu mm...so yours are well...

Pathology: severely dysplastic nevi- multiple, inch incision, atypical nevus
inch incision, atypical nevus, benign nevus: Hello Mary: An atypical nevus has features in between a benign nevus and melanoma. If the margins of the biopsy are not clear and the atypia extends upto the margin a wider excision is recommended. Yes most atypical nevus may not develop into melanoma...

Pathology: Thyroid Biopsy, thyroid biopsy, nodular goiter
thyroid biopsy, nodular goiter, hurthle cells: Hi Kelly: Please do not be worried about this report. First of all this was in 2004. Since then you have been healthy. This diagnosis basically indicated an inflammation of thyroid gland in presence of goiter. The thyroid hormones will be adjusted as...

Pathology: Thyroid FNA pathology report terms, papillary thyroid carcinoma, thyroid nodule
papillary thyroid carcinoma, thyroid nodule, foamy macrophages: Hi: Giant cells are cells significantly larger than most types of normal cells found in a specific organ. Bizarre may refer to unusual feature of the giant cell...shape/ number of nuclei etc. Being rare in you smears so has limited clinical significance....

Pathology: thyroid FNB results, thyroid scan, cancer cells
thyroid scan, cancer cells, abnormal cells: Hello Sherri: Hurthle cell change is seen in many benign conditions of thyroid and not necessarily cancer of thyroid. Definitely no cancer cells are seen as mentioned in this report. Taken together, the thyroid scan, physical exam and FNA report would...

Pathology: Urine Test Abnormalities, uric acid crystals, symptoms of urinary infection
uric acid crystals, symptoms of urinary infection, white blood cells: Hello Tameka: Uric acid crystals can form in acidic urine when it is allowed to stand for a while and generally have no clinical significance. Bacteria are present but can be a contaminant from skin and surrounding region. There should be presence of...

Pathology: 13yr old with EBV/CMV chronic swollen lymph nodes in his neck since toddler, sore throat swollen glands, swollen lymph nodes
sore throat swollen glands, swollen lymph nodes, infant fevers: Hello Tonya: With the list of symptoms you have described your son definitely requires a detailed exam and a panel of tests. First of all there are serological tests to diagnose CMV and mono and I hope the doctor did those. Indeed mono and CMV infection...

Pathology: 32 year old daughter, thyroid hormones, enlargement of thyroid gland
thyroid hormones, enlargement of thyroid gland, utrasound: Hello Judy: Your daughter has an enlargement of thyroid gland. This could be because of a nodule/s. This affects the functioning of the gland. The tests ordered T3 total, T4 free and TSH help evaluated the hormonal function of the gland and will help...

Pathology: abnormal blood tests, bone cavities, types of blood cells
bone cavities, types of blood cells, toxic side effects: Hello Linda: Methotrexate is the drug used for RA. However this has lot of toxic side effects. One of them is that the drug can affect the bone marrow. The stuff within bone cavities where all the types of blood cells are produced including platelets....

Pathology: Blood CBCs (mine & my daughter's), red blood cell, hgb hct
red blood cell, hgb hct, which came first the chicken or the egg: Hello Tonya: The ideal person to help you with this situation will be a hematologist...a person which deals with disorders of blood. I am not an expert here but will try and give some answers. When blood platelets fall below normal range (150,000 to...

Pathology: CBC results, hemoglobin values, anemai
hemoglobin values, anemai, serum iron: Hello: Thanks for providing the normal range. First of all increased lymphocytes do not indicate cancer in all cases. Second I hope the range provided is age matched and not the one used for adults. Increase in eosinophils most commonly is due to presence...

Pathology: colonoscopy results, inflammation of colon, definitive diagnosis
inflammation of colon, definitive diagnosis, inflammatory cells: Hello J: if you have had a definitive diagnosis of Crohn s this present biopsy would be part of the same process. The inflammatory cells like lymphocytes are arranged in groups in the lamina propria (one of the layers of the intestinal wall). These are...

Pathology: confusing results with Thyroid biopsy, excision biopsy, thyroid biopsy
excision biopsy, thyroid biopsy, pathology report: Hello Sandy: It is difficult to say what the diagnosis is without having a look at the slides. Any diagnosis can have different opinions and if two people do not agree then a third opinion is sought. On FNA only cells are aspirated and if a pathologist...

Pathology: Elevated CRP, acute pharyngitis, infectious disease specialist
acute pharyngitis, infectious disease specialist, gi conditions: Hi again: In a normal healthy person, based on the the lab and technique used for measurement the CRP levels range from undetectable to 10mg/L 0r (0-1mg/dl) Anything greater than 10mg/L is high. If you have a fall and bruise your knee the CRP level may...

Pathology: HIGH LYPHOCYTES BUT ZERO MONOCYTES AND BASOPHILS, differential count, zero count
differential count, zero count, volume size: Hello Ajay: Your blood reports are basically normal. The differential count is a relative count based on the total WBC count. The range is set by taking an average of the values of a given set of normal population. Since this is an average some people...

Pathology: Job prospects, pathology field, medical school university
pathology field, medical school university, career project: Hello Jason: Pathology is a challenging and interesting field of medicine. However before you specialize in pathology you have to finish a degree in medicine. You can get jobs in medical school / university hospitals or private laboratories. Within pathology...

Pathology: Lymphoma vs Sarcoidosis, fine needle aspiration, open biopsy
fine needle aspiration, open biopsy, definite diagnosis: Hello Paul: The alternative to an open biopsy is FNA (fine needle aspiration) This could be under ultrasound or CT guidance where they can visualize where the needle should be placed and if it is actually in the lesion before aspirating. Again it will...

Pathology: MPV test low alk -phos H, alk phos, alkaline phosphatase
alk phos, alkaline phosphatase, liver enzyme: Hello Charlene: The Alkaline phosphatase(ALP) measure the level of the enzyme in blood and this is produced by the liver. This test is done to check for liver or bone diseases. Your level is just at the upper limit (Normal range 30 -126units/lit) ALT...

Pathology: my sister's cancer, pathology practice, oncolgy
pathology practice, oncolgy, type of cancer: Hello Zahra: To verify the results one has to look at the slides. However, non keratinizing anaplastic carcinoma and poorly differentiated carcinoma are different names for the same type of cancer. at times there are different names and one may be preferred...

Pathology: WBC, wbc counts, acute infections
wbc counts, acute infections, neutrophils: Hello Karin: The WBC counts are dynamic and change every time you have a CBC done. However they should remain within range if you are otherwise healthy. at present the 18,500 count is elevated with increase in neutrophils. Such a picture is usually seen...

Pathology: My 22 month old baby, red blood cells, atypical lymphocytes
red blood cells, atypical lymphocytes, white blood cells: Hi Bella; Overall the results are normal. Elliptocytes are elliptical shaped red blood cells, which are normally present in small amounts and increase in certain types of anemia. Atypical lymphocytes refers to type of white blood cells which are not exactly...

Pathology: Anion Gap, high anion gap, test parameters
high anion gap, test parameters, alcohol intake: Hello Cindy: Anion gap is the measurement of ions, ie charged molecules in blood. An increased anion gap indicates increased anions / acids in the blood. The most common conditions were this is observed is - diabetes, starvation , dehydration alcohol...

Pathology: absolute Lymphocytes, absolute lymphocytes, red blood cells
absolute lymphocytes, red blood cells, leukocyte esterase: Hello Fred: Leukocyte esterase is a screening test used to detect a substance that suggests there are white blood cells in the urine, which likely means a urinary tract infection. Reference range for absolute lymphocytes is 1000 to 3500. The 820 is low...

Pathology: CBC results, liver function test, high lymphocytes
liver function test, high lymphocytes, low neutrophils: Hello: High ALT is an indicator of liver disorder. Almost ten times higher than normal ALT is seen in acute hepatitis and is usually due to virus. In your case this is not very high and would indicate a chronic hepatitis (an infection which has existed...

Pathology: elevated CEA, cirrhosis of the liver, inflammatory bowel disease
cirrhosis of the liver, inflammatory bowel disease, gastrointestinal tract: Hello Tina: An elevated WBC is usually seen in infection. CEA (carcinoembryoinc antigen)is a screening test to rule out presence of cancer. This is however increased in both benign conditions as well as cancer of gastrointestinal tract. Smoking,...

Pathology: Fine Needle Lymph Node Biopsy
Hello Ryan: If there was the slightest suspicion of Lymphoma further investigation would be done to confirm the type of lymphoma. FNA generally helps arrive at the diagnosis of lymphoma. However to further classify the type of lymphoma a biopsy (excision...

Pathology: high red cell folate levels, anemia megaloblastic, water soluble vitamin
Pathology: high red cell folate levels, anemia megaloblastic, water soluble vitamin, b9

Pathology: Immunohistochemical testing for Lynch syndrome, cancer research centre, genetic counselling
Pathology: Immunohistochemical testing for Lynch syndrome, cancer research centre, genetic counselling, genetic testing

Pathology: goitre, multi nodular goiter, thyroid hormone levels
multi nodular goiter, thyroid hormone levels, t3 t4 tsh: Hello: You can have goiter without associated hypothyroidism. Goiter is basically enlargement of gland and can be due to a number of reasons. The most common is iodine deficiency. Others are Graves disease (too much hormone secretion), Hashimoto s thyroiditis...

Pathology: h.pylori and UGI endoscopy, h pylori infection, ugi
h pylori infection, ugi, hct: hello Sara: The UGI endoscopy is advised in case a biopsy is required to confirm the diagnosis of H.pylori. If you are already on medication then your symptoms if due to H.pylori should improve. If the doctor is suspecting some other cause / disease...

Pathology: high red cell folate levels, hemoglobin levels, types of anemia
hemoglobin levels, types of anemia, vit b12: hello Jess: High folate (Vit B6) and Vit B12 levels are not usually clinically monitored. High folate levels are seen in some types of anemia (pernicious anemia) and people on strictly vegetarian diet. You can ask your doctor about your folate level...

Pathology: Immunohistochemical testing for Lynch syndrome, hospital pathology, gene mutations
hospital pathology, gene mutations, pathology department: Hello Melissa: Not everyone is tested for Lynch syndrome. If a person fits the criteria then doctor recommends further testing. The criteria includes at least three family members having one of the cancers of colon, endometrium, ovaries, stomach, small...

Pathology: Liver biopsy/non-hodgkins in remission/gallbladder removal, non hodgkin lymphoma, hepatic parenchyma
non hodgkin lymphoma, hepatic parenchyma, non hodgkin s lymphoma: Hello MK: Let me put you to ease right away. the above stated report does not give any indication of presence / relapse of Non-Hodgkin s lymphoma. Overall it shows benign liver tissue. There is some amount of fat in the form of tiny droplets in the...

Pathology: Low White blood cell, complete blood count, low white blood cell
complete blood count, low white blood cell, wbc counts: Hello Michelle: All the blood parameters for a complete blood count are dynamic. The value change every time it is tested. As long as the reported result is within normal range it is fine. WBC at 3.5 is just at the lower limit nothing worrisome if you...

Pathology: lab results, absolute lymphocytes, white blood cells
absolute lymphocytes, white blood cells, white blood cell: Hi The absolute count is just at the upper limit and the percentage is mildly elevated. Any viral infection can cause this rise. Also chronic long standing infection leads to increase in lymphocytes Post vaccination of any kind lymphocytes may...

Pathology: Papsmear test, intraepithelial lesion, pap test
intraepithelial lesion, pap test, pap smears: Hello: low grade of squamous intraepithelial lesion refers to presence of abnormal cells in the surface lining of cervix. These are not clear cut cancer cells but may or may not progress to cancer over a period of time. Generally the doctor will...

Pathology: Pathology report to rule out Cutneous Lymphoma, chronic inflammatory cells, lymphoid cells
chronic inflammatory cells, lymphoid cells, pathology report: Hi Tammy: The report points to features of skin which are a result of constant itching. There is increase in keratin of the skin, thickening of upper layer (epidermis) of skin and there are chronic inflammatory cells in deeper layer. There is no presence...

Pathology: Prostatectomy Follow Up PSA Test, psa tests, psa levels
psa tests, psa levels, psa test: Hello Sonny: Ideally all PSA tests including the baseline (the first test) should be done in the same lab using the same equipment and test method. all clinical labs are certified labs and have to have quality control/ assurance to indicate that their test...

Pathology: pathology report-what does this mean, cancerous lesions, pathology report
cancerous lesions, pathology report, central core: hello Janice: The report says significant finding present but then does not mention what that finding is. It does however say that scanty evidence of papillary lesion. This refers to arrangement of cells of the thyroid into finger like projections with...

Pathology: Results of biopsy for thyroid, nodules on thyroid, atypical cells
nodules on thyroid, atypical cells, enlargement of thyroid gland: Hello Lynne: Most likely your complex nodule will be a type of goiter. which is enlargement of thyroid gland and is a common condition. Atypical cells are cells which cannot be clearly defined as either normal or cancer cells. These have features in between....

Pathology: Scattered Thyroids, thyroid follicles, thyroids
thyroid follicles, thyroids, report states: Hello: The report states that the cells are very few. There has to be something more as few scattered thyroids does not make sense. It could either be thyroid follicles in which case these are normal cells found in Thyroid. Overall the report does...

Pathology: spindle cell, spindle cells, spindle cell
spindle cells, spindle cell, cancerous conditions: Hello Ginger: Spindle cell lesion just describes the shape of cells in the tumor...that is spindle shaped. These are found in a range of benign and cancerous conditions. I would not like to speculate as to what this may turn out to be and unduly worry...

Pathology: Just took an urine test, white blood cells, test blood
white blood cells, test blood, urine test: Hello Henry: If all other tests are normal and only few bacteria is seen this would indicate contamination and does not mean you have infection. However if in addition the urine sample shows presence of poly morphs or neutrophils which are a type of...

Pathology: Unusual EBV titer combination, rapid heart rate, sinus pain
rapid heart rate, sinus pain, infectious disease specialist: Hello Jeff: I agree this is an unusual report. If both VCAIgG and EBNA were positive it would just indicate that you had the EBV infection in remote past. However VCA IgM and EBNA are not positive together. I am sorry that I cannot be of much help to...

Pathology: unsatisfactory pap smear
Hello Kay: I do not understand what thickening of cells in your report signify. If the report says that the sample is unsatisfactory it is due to various reasons 1) Not enough material on slides to review 2) Too much blood obscures the cells 3) The...

Pathology: 2 year old cbc, pediatric age group, rdw sd
pediatric age group, rdw sd, bartonella virus: Hello Ericca: Most of the values of the blood parameters mentioned above are in normal range for pediatric age group. e.g the MCV 74.4 mentioned as low is low for adults but for a two year old its normal. The only significant finding is that the lymphocytes...

Pathology: Abnormal blood test in 9 year old, low lymphocyte count, thyroid hormones
low lymphocyte count, thyroid hormones, low wbc: Hi Jennifer: I agree with your doctor.the mild low lymphocyte count is not significant. Low thyroid hormones can be due to hypothyroidism. A full thyroid panel will help in arriving at a diagnosis as free T3 is not routinely used as the only test to decide...

Pathology: analysis of report, sore throat ear ache, red blood cells
sore throat ear ache, red blood cells, white blood cells: Hello Anitha: During pregnancy it is normal to have an increase in the white blood cells...that is what neutrophilic leukocytosis means. It indicates that a type of blood cells called neutrophils are increased in number...they show toxic changes....indicates...

Pathology: Blood results 3year old son, high lymphocytes, red blood cells
high lymphocytes, red blood cells, wbc count: Hello Tanja: the lymphocyte percent are high and relatively neutrophils are low..as all the blood cells should total to a count of 100 in percent count. The total count is the absolute count and if this is normal that indicates that overall count is normal...

Pathology: Bone biopsy, bone biopsy, bone lesion
bone biopsy, bone lesion, open biopsy: Hi Tricia: A lesion in the bone can be mets from breast cancer, but this can be conclusively proven only by biopsy. Arthritis has specific features than metastatic suspicious lesion. Having said that it is speculative to say what the lesion is. This...

Pathology: CA 125 refence range, ca 125 tumor marker, moderate hydronephrosis
ca 125 tumor marker, moderate hydronephrosis, total hysterectomy: Hello Angela: The reference range for CA-125 is 0-35 units/ml. This can be elevated in a number of non cancerous conditions also and thus is not a very good screening tool. If two tests are done a difference of 155 between the two is medically significant...