About Experts Sitemap - Group 7 - Page 72 2016-09-20

Building Homes or Extensions: "Green" Asphalt, bruce e johnson, clorox
bruce e johnson, clorox, thanks in advance: Hi Kevin, sure, fungus will grow just about anywhere there is moisture and shade. Try some clorox outdoor bleach on it, it should do the trick..Dilute it down with some water then dump it on the infected area let it sit for ten minutes and then rinse it good....

Building Homes or Extensions: Heavy rain during slab pour, control joints, lag bolts
control joints, lag bolts, concrete mixing: You and your builder should contact your local ready mix supplier. Ask to have there technical outside salesman to come see your problem and seek their advice. A 2 cap will allow you to use a 3/4 and down design mix with bonding agent, sometimes called...

Building Homes or Extensions: Insulation for three season cabin, foam board insulation, mold mildew
foam board insulation, mold mildew, propane heater: Hi Susan, First: Thank you for the detail!! If heat loss isn t a factor, I wouldn t waste money on any expensive insulation (and most of it is!) The foam won t cause any problems... I do like the idea of MR board, just in case... Don t worry about...

Building Homes or Extensions: installing metal siding, bruce e johnson, metal siding
bruce e johnson, metal siding, purlin: Hi steve, if you are using corrugated metal you can get by with 3-4 spacing depending on the gauge of the metal. Some metal decking materials can span even 5 . So in your case, since it is only six feet tall, if you are running your panels vertically you...

Building Homes or Extensions: Lattice Patio cover, lattice patio cover, ledger board
lattice patio cover, ledger board, stock pieces: Saul, that s a nice system. I enjoyed looking at their site. I looked very briefly at their resources/engineering link. YOu will probably need this if you intend to work with a building permit. I didn t see a house side attachment detailed, but I think...

Building Homes or Extensions: lean to roof, substantial loads, snow load
substantial loads, snow load, bottom chord: Sean, if you are using trusses, let the truss company work out the engineering. They will probably use 2x4 unless you intend to pull motors or hang some other substantial loads from the bottom chord. You probably don t really mean to use the word truss....

Building Homes or Extensions: "lean to" shelter, degree angles, camping trailer
degree angles, camping trailer, metal brace: Hi Paul, I m assuming that this is a somewhat permanent structure. So, Use 4 x6 posts on each corner. Pressure treated? On the sides that are to bear the rafters, put 2 x10 on either side of the posts at the height desired. Use 2 x8 rafters...

Building Homes or Extensions: Metal patio cover, corrugated metal roof, bruce e johnson
corrugated metal roof, bruce e johnson, carpentry skill: Hi Erin, of course it can be done. The structure is a basic shed roof construction with posts and beam perimeter (4x4 posts and 4x10 beams) and 2x8 rafters at 24 on center. On top of the rafters you then need to attach some purlins. In your case 2x4 s laid...

Building Homes or Extensions: Mobile Home Question, mobile home question, wood framework
mobile home question, wood framework, please mail: Hi Michael, Considering the age I would suspect 2 x3 or even 2 x2 . They were usually at 24 o.c. with let-in strapping. I would suggest buying 2 x3 and some strapping. Then, if the studs are 2 x2 ...just turn the studs sideways and you ll be fine......

Building Homes or Extensions: masonry and angle iron, angle irons, concrete footing
angle irons, concrete footing, porch columns: Charles, I was nodding my head yes all the way until you said that the angle iron was to be bolted to wood. I need to say NO. I thought you were talking about pinning an angle iron to a concrete stem wall which is done quite often. You really need to...

Building Homes or Extensions: mobile home addition, bruce e johnson, plastic grommets
bruce e johnson, plastic grommets, wall paneling: Hi Tammy, yes you can add an entrance in your wall but you have to go about doing it a certain way. First you need to remove the inside wall paneling or sheetrock from the area you want to make your entrance. By exposing the wall studs and wall cavity you...

Building Homes or Extensions: new roof, cdx plywood, bruce e johnson
cdx plywood, bruce e johnson, roof sheathing: Hi Shaun, CDX plywood is basically plywood with a C face and a D face and it is exterior glued. In other words the faces of the plywood are mid grade and the glue is water resistant. I m not sure what you are talking about Exposed areas? CDX is the standard...

Building Homes or Extensions: noise elimination in an apartment, second floor apartment, top of the stairs
second floor apartment, top of the stairs, loud laughter: Unfortunately, with the construction method used for multifamily housing, there is little you can do. Insulation between the floors is the answer and insulated windows. The windows will help with the outside noise and doors, but the interior noise cannot...

Building Homes or Extensions: Pier Foundation, concrete masonry units, bruce e johnson
concrete masonry units, bruce e johnson, concrete footing: Hi Shanda, it s not a difficult process once the skirting is removed and the support system is exposed. Concrete masonry units are the best way to do this. You would have a concrete footing poured around the perimeter and then install the CMU s on top of...

Building Homes or Extensions: Pricing Fascia, bruce e johnson, roofing work
bruce e johnson, roofing work, roofing contractor: Hi again Victoria, A small GC who does his own work or a BC (residential building contractor) is probably your best bet. Most roofing subs don t do structural work and most patio/pool contractors don t do wood work generally, only aluminum screen enclosures....

Building Homes or Extensions: Rain water in my baseement, bruce e johnson, wall cavity
bruce e johnson, wall cavity, uncommon events: Hi Eve, I wouldn t worry about it at this point. Uncommon events of this type may cause some water to penetrate through your vapor barriers but as long as the damp areas are not kept damp they will dry out. Your wall cavity should breathe enough to allow...

Building Homes or Extensions: Replacement Basement Slider, floor frame, luck dave
floor frame, luck dave, 2x6: Hi Ray, If the 2 x10 s are BELOW the upper floor framing, you may change the size of the header. If they are a part of the floor frame LEAVE EM ALONE! Oops, sorry didn t mean to yell. Actually, it sounds like you only need to drop to 2 x8 s to gain what...

Building Homes or Extensions: Roof to Roof garage addition...., pitch roof, truss manufacturer
pitch roof, truss manufacturer, trusses: Brian, my opinion only - your setting the front face back for looks and hanging a shed on the side of a gable? The best solution would be to contact a local truss manufacturer for options. I am fairly confident the existing trusses can take the load of...

Building Homes or Extensions: Roof to Roof garage addition...., roof sheathing, pitch roof
roof sheathing, pitch roof, truss plant: Hi Brian, normally when you butt a shed roof into the pitch of a gable roof you would run a 2x ledger across the existing rafters or trusses and then attach your new rafter to this ledger. Your sheathing of the new addition roof would then span over the ledger...

Building Homes or Extensions: residential structure repair, expansive clay soils, life time guarantee
expansive clay soils, life time guarantee, exterior brick: It would make some difference what the structural repair was and who/how it was performed. Many homes show cracks in the exterior brick work due to movement of the footing , usually in highly expansive clay soils. There are companies that specialize in jacking...

Building Homes or Extensions: ridge vents, rafter vents, reroofing
rafter vents, reroofing, ridge vents: Hi Bill, Yes, ridge venting is a good idea. No matter what climate you are in, its helpful. In warmer climates it will help keep the attic from getting so hot, thereby keeping your living area cooler. In colder areas, it keeps the attic cold and prevents...

Building Homes or Extensions: roof rafter, roof rafter, bruce e johnson
roof rafter, bruce e johnson, foot section: Hi Brian, I think the 3/12 angle is 14 degrees. If you are exactly 12 feet of span then your rise will be 3 feet. The formula for a rafter (hypotenuse is square root of the sum of the squares of the two sides that make a right angle) In other words you...

Building Homes or Extensions: room over garage, electric baseboard, foan
electric baseboard, foan, luck dave: Hi Mike, In the garage ceiling, use fiberglass batts filling as much of the void as possible, with poly below that (as much for exhaust protection as vapor). Then tighten all cracks around doors/windows etc with minimal expansion spray foan before insulating...

Building Homes or Extensions: Small patio, bruce e johnson, patio slabs
bruce e johnson, patio slabs, paving slabs: Hi Gavin, I would use sand. Dig out the area a couple of inches deeper and then bed the patio slabs on two inches of compacted sand. That s the way I did mine five years ago and it is just as level as the day I did it. I hope this information helps feel...

Building Homes or Extensions: Steps on a Concrete Patio, bruce e johnson, wood steps
bruce e johnson, wood steps, concrete patio: Hi Jake, let your contractor do the steps and be done with it. A nice set of concrete steps will be be more structurally sound and more appealing than a home built set of some kind of block or brick steps unless you are a mason. If you want to build wood...

Building Homes or Extensions: Sub-Floor for Sunken Room, bruce e johnson, termite problems
bruce e johnson, termite problems, foundation waterproofing: Hi again Sergio, I would put either wire mesh (made specifically for concrete slabs) or use fibermesh concrete (concrete with fiberglass mixed in with it to help hold it together. Around the perimeter walls I would install 1/2 expansion material either...

Building Homes or Extensions: How to screed concrete in corner, concrete slab, wooden stakes
concrete slab, wooden stakes, screed: Roger, there are lots of choices. Are you pouring up against an existing concrete stem wall or similar? If so, you really want to create an expansion joint anyway, so nail expansion strip to the stem, maintaining the top at grade. YOu can use that as your...

Building Homes or Extensions: siding and slab foundation, frieze board, exterior sheathing
frieze board, exterior sheathing, slab foundation: Shawn, I feel for you. I can t tell you how many times I ve said how much I wished they d gotten this critter up out of the dirt a foot higher. It would have been quite cheap before slab compared to what you are facing now. Your best money and time will...

Building Homes or Extensions: soundproofing an inside staircase, second floor apartment, top of the stairs
second floor apartment, top of the stairs, tile ceiling: Robin, It is hard to solve problems without spending money! The simple, low-cost ideas that come to mind are: - weatherstrip the doors at the top and bottom of the stair. - carpet the stairs (or use a runner) to absorb sound. - add other sound-absorbing...

Building Homes or Extensions: Trex deck, brian mcelroy, trex decking
brian mcelroy, trex decking, lumber: I looked up the manufacturers instructions and they do not call for staggering the grain. It appears on their inatallations, you merely install the boards as if you were installing 2 x 4 s. I see no benefit in staggering the boards as in normal lumber asthis...

Building Homes or Extensions: tyvek, bruce e johnson, exterior sheathing
bruce e johnson, exterior sheathing, vinyl siding: Hi Alan, as long as the siding was installed per manufacturers specifications you should be fine. I have a hard time believing that no felt paper was installed. Most building codes have required that for fifty years or more. Tyvek is a fairly new product...

Building Homes or Extensions: uncaulking, bruce e johnson, silicone caulking
bruce e johnson, silicone caulking, razor knife: Hi Gabe, the easiest way to remove silicone caulking would be to take a razor knife and gently cut along each edge of the caulk joint and then the bulk of the joint will come up like a big rubber band. Once the center of the bead is pulled up then you can...

Building Homes or Extensions: uncaulking, lacquer thinner, removing silicone
lacquer thinner, removing silicone, gabe gabe: Gabe, I don t use silicone on anything important. It may be a great product. but I can show you more failures than sucesses. I prefer using one part polyurethanes like NP1 and Tremco products. Baseboards and interior stuff needs painter s latex. As to...

Building Homes or Extensions: uncaulking, luck dave, inconspicuous area
luck dave, inconspicuous area, caulk: Hi G , You may run into peeling of paint if you just try pulling off the silicone. So I would try it in an inconspicuous area... if that doesn t work, use a good sharp razor type knife and cut along both the base and wall (door and wall) and slowly...

Building Homes or Extensions: Wall creaks during wind gusts, wall sheathing, roof trusses
wall sheathing, roof trusses, wind gusts: Hi Allan, you can begin your quest by getting up in the attic and trying to get over to the area in question. An examination of the framing in this area may prove to answer your question. Perhaps the roof isn t braced properly and is moving laterally pulling...

Building Homes or Extensions: walkout basement, bruce e johnson, walkout basement
bruce e johnson, walkout basement, continual delays: Hi Stuart, your engineer shouldn t have a hard time signing off on this aspect of the design. Tell him to seal it. He is there to do your bidding. I always take my case to the engineers and invariably they go with my suggestions. If the question is frost...

Building Homes or Extensions: weight garage can hold, bruce e johnson, psi concrete
bruce e johnson, psi concrete, concrete slab: Hi again nancy, you will be fine. That weight spread over a 7 x7 area or 7056 square inches only amounts to 2 pounds per square inch. Your concrete is capable of 2500 pounds per square inch of compression. I am assuming that your floor was poured over...

Building Homes or Extensions: weight limit, maximum weight limit, floor joist
maximum weight limit, floor joist, joists: I like to use the calculator at the American Wood Council site: http://www.awc.org/calculators/span/reversecalc/reversecalc.asp?feet=14&inches=0&species=Southern+Pine&member=Floor+Joist&deflectionlimit=L%2F360&spacing=16&liveload=80&snowload=-1&deadload=10&wet=No&incised=No&submit=Calculate+Span+Options#answer...

Building Homes or Extensions: 1/2" old to 15/32" new plywood sheathing, plywood sheathing, lumber plywood
plywood sheathing, lumber plywood, bruce e johnson: HI Doug, welcome to the wacky world of dimensional lumber. Plywood used to be the thickness it claimed to be until someone somewhere decided that if they took 1/32 off of each sheet of plywood then they could charge the same and get an extra sheet of plywood...

Building Homes or Extensions: Attic access, pull down attic ladders, pull down attic ladder
pull down attic ladders, pull down attic ladder, bruce e johnson: Hi Phil, gosh there are a million kinds of pull down attic ladders on the market. Google attic stairs or attic access stairs and you will find pretty much any type of ladder stair capable of holding any weight you desire. Your present ladder probably...

Building Homes or Extensions: adding onto u shaped ranch, bruce e johnson, triangular shapes
bruce e johnson, triangular shapes, rain event: Hi michelle, if your U shaped portion of the house has a ridge down each side of the U then the easiest roof to put on this addition would be a shed type of roof starting several feet up the bottom of the U. This would create a shallow valley on each side...

Building Homes or Extensions: addition attachment, pine beams, roof slopes
pine beams, roof slopes, luck dave: Hi Christopher, There will be no problem with your roof framing if you use a cleat along where your rafters hit the existing roof. (they will be along where the valley will come). I d use a 2 x8 or wider to attach the new rafters to.... There will actually...

Building Homes or Extensions: addition to brick ranch house, wood lap siding, brick siding
wood lap siding, brick siding, brick and mortar: Barb, A good rule-of-thumb to start with is about $200 per square foot. This will allow finishes similar to those I see in the photos, though brick siding and your selection of finishes and fixtures could put you above this mark. I doubt that you will...

Building Homes or Extensions: Beam sag, bruce e johnson, load bearing wall
bruce e johnson, load bearing wall, concrete footing: Hi again Rick, I will try to be more specific with my answer this time, apparently my clarity wasn t quite good enough for you with my last answer. So here goes. If the pipe you are using to turn the jack is bending it doesn t reflect on the jack but on...

Building Homes or Extensions: I Beam span, bruce e johnson, asphalt shingles
bruce e johnson, asphalt shingles, lvl beams: Hi Eric, a steel i-beam for that span would probably be a w-10x15 which is a ten inch beam that weighs 15 pounds per foot. You might want to contact a local truss manufacturing company and check out the LVL beams. They are made of laminated wood and are...

Building Homes or Extensions: Beams, bruce e johnson, slope roof
bruce e johnson, slope roof, 4x10: Hi again Alfredo, If that is the case then you can probably get by with 4x10 beams however at 4 spacing your plywood will sag in the middle. 3/8 plywood should be supported at 16 centers. 24 minimum. You might be able to add a 2x4 across the top and...

Building Homes or Extensions: Brick cutting, concrete cutting company, masonry blade
concrete cutting company, masonry blade, bruce e johnson: Hi Raul, there aren t a lot of ways to do this except to cut or grind our the imposing brick. If it is just a flashing edge you are dealing with you might be able to kerf or (using a 4 1/2 grinder) saw cut a vertical line in the brick to slip the edge of...

Building Homes or Extensions: basement, bruce e johnson, drainage issues
bruce e johnson, drainage issues, house movers: Hi Dawn, A good house mover can take the house, move it off to the side and your new foundation constructed without a lot of problem provided you have enough room in your lot to move the house to the side. It can be elevated and the work done beneath it but...

Building Homes or Extensions: beam construction, steel moment frame, load bearing wall
steel moment frame, load bearing wall, floor joists: I started to answer this assuming it was an ineterior load bearing wall because you said the roof was not bearing. As I re-read it, I guess you are on an exterior wall because of the windows. You are way beyond a doubled 2x12 header. YOu will be into steel...

Building Homes or Extensions: brick home remodel, mortar color, bricks and mortar
mortar color, bricks and mortar, brick work: Daren, these can be handled in two ways. The existing brick work can be toothed back removing the bricks and mortar and tying the new brick work back in the same running bond pattern. This is quite normal for brick layers and they are well prepared to perform....

Building Homes or Extensions: building support beam, laminated veneer lumber, bruce e johnson
laminated veneer lumber, bruce e johnson, load bearing wall: Hi Emma, Triad Timber Components in West Sussex advertises roof trusses and glu-lam beams. I also found this website (www.ascinfo.co.uk/9/category/01/51/95/category_9) that has about a hundred truss and timber companies in the UK which can be contacted regarding...

Building Homes or Extensions: Closing in existing 18 by 20 deck, cellulose insulation, luck dave
cellulose insulation, luck dave, spray foam: Hi Greg, I also would be concerned about rodents. If it were mine, I would attach 2 x2 s to the inside bottom of both sides of the joists and install 2 foam pressed down to them. Any voids can be fixed with some spray foam ins. After that, you could...

Building Homes or Extensions: Concrete Driveway, bruce e johnson, thick slab
bruce e johnson, thick slab, cost of concrete: Hi Jose, a 4 thick slab normally suffices for most driveways. If you have real heavy truck traffic you might go to six inches thick but four will work just fine. As far as the cracking goes. Concrete is going to crack. You need to isolate the cracks and...

Building Homes or Extensions: Concrete Porch/brick veneer wall flashing, masonry blade, bruce e johnson
masonry blade, bruce e johnson, concrete porch: Hi James, yes you can flash this area. A simple L type of flashing will work. If you can t find or make a good L flashing easily you can usually find a sheet metal shop to break it for you. The best way to do this flashing is to cut a groove in a mortar...

Building Homes or Extensions: Constructing camp addition to trailer, concrete footers, wind uplift
concrete footers, wind uplift, concrete piers: It is a bit unclear to me what you are planning. A common room tied into the structure of the original should have its own footing that works with the original trailer footing system. The deck needs an independent system and the roof system needs its own....

Building Homes or Extensions: Convert FSP to bedroom - need permit?, sliding glass doors, rolled roofing
sliding glass doors, rolled roofing, corrugated plastic panels: Hi Dawn, you will need a regular building permit which you will have to go down to the building department in your area and apply for. They will require a certain amount of paperwork and some drawings that show what you plan on doing. Even though you might...

Building Homes or Extensions: Cutting a basement door into a foundation, bruce e johnson, steel window
bruce e johnson, steel window, foundation wall: Hi Nate, I don t see any reason why you can t cut out this section of wall. As long as the header remains in place and undisturbed you should be fine. I hope this information helps feel free to write again regarding this or other matters, sincerely bruce...

Building Homes or Extensions: cement floors, bruce e johnson, wall footing
bruce e johnson, wall footing, walkout basement: Hi Dianne, the plastic or visqueen on the ground will keep moisture from weeping up through the concrete should ground water become an issue. It is always required. 6mil visqueen is minimal and the joints and laps need to be solidly taped and where the visqueen...

Building Homes or Extensions: concrete block, concrete block, mortar
concrete block, mortar, elements: I understand now. Outgassing for block usually only occurs after the first few weeks after installing. You can leave it, however, keep in mind that block is not waterproof. The paint merely seals out the elements and makes the block and mortar last longer....

Building Homes or Extensions: concrete patio replacement, bruce e johnson, sunken concrete
bruce e johnson, sunken concrete, concrete patio: Hi Marina, compacting the existing sub grade should suffice unless the old subgrade has a bunch of vegetation or wood mixed in with it. If this is the case the bad material needs to be removed and then the subgrade compacted. Otherwise just a well compacted...

Building Homes or Extensions: cracks in brick, material shrinkage, row of bricks
material shrinkage, row of bricks, frost wall: Hi Again, The brick veneer is attached to the framing/sheathing with brick ties, I imagine the framing dried after the bricks were laid and there was enough movement to make the breaks appear. If that is the case there is nothing to worry about and re-pointing...

Building Homes or Extensions: crawl versus stilts, bruce e johnson, concrete pilings
bruce e johnson, concrete pilings, wind area: Hi Rita, the stilt type house might be slightly more expensive depending on several factors. If you live in a high wind area the stilts are almost invariably concrete pilings which is a little costly on the front side but they last longer and require less...

Building Homes or Extensions: Driveway in loamy soil, cement truck, head walls
cement truck, head walls, concrete trucks: Kim, see if you can divert or dam the water long enough to get the culvert installed. If you have a swampy loam type soil you will probably need to improve the subgrade under the culvert, before you begin. I think you might be terribly undersized with your...

Building Homes or Extensions: extentions, plumbing work, authority having jurisdiction
plumbing work, authority having jurisdiction, enclosing a carport: The question really needs to be answered by your local AHJ - authority having jurisdiction. Call the local building department. Here is what you will probably be told. If it is to be an enclosed space and absolutely if it is to be part of your living...

Building Homes or Extensions: Floor Strength, gallon fish tank, bruce e johnson
gallon fish tank, bruce e johnson, joist span: Hi Ross, the closer you get to the middle of your joist span the weaker your floor system is. If your fishtank is near a support wall then your joists will stronger at this point. But think of the fish tank as four people standing on your floor in a two...

Building Homes or Extensions: Foundation for storage building, cement tile, concrete piers
cement tile, concrete piers, tile board: Hi Chris, First, the piers: If available and to code in your area, I think 4 x6 pressure treated posts would work very well. Bury them as deep as you like and leave a foot above grade... this would give you something wood to attach the frame and skirt...

Building Homes or Extensions: 1/2" old to 15/32" new plywood sheathing, roof sheathing, lowe s
Building Homes or Extensions: 1/2" old to 15/32" new plywood sheathing, roof sheathing, lowe s, subfloor

Building Homes or Extensions: foundation for hottub, planks
Building Homes or Extensions: foundation for hottub, planks

Building Homes or Extensions: stabilising a half height wall, floor joist, hunch
Building Homes or Extensions: stabilising a half height wall, floor joist, hunch, cheers

Building Homes or Extensions: foundation for hottub, bruce e johnson, wood planks
bruce e johnson, wood planks, stable footing: HI again Diane, the hot tub itself should be fully supported where the water filled part is. If this area isn t supported properly it could cause undo stress on parts of the tub. If your tub comes with a manual they will be specific as to how the tub should...

Building Homes or Extensions: garage roof, bruce e johnson, slate tile
bruce e johnson, slate tile, barrel tile: Hi Mary, I need more information. When you say you have a black tile roof are you talking about tile like barrel tile or flat slate tile? or are you talking about shingles made of tar? or are you talking about a black tarpaper roof? Please write back...

Building Homes or Extensions: Help With Roof Extension, roof dormer, bruce e johnson
roof dormer, bruce e johnson, architectual drawings: Hi Joe, you will need to consult an architect or structural engineer for the plans you need. Chances are that you will also need a building permit for this extensive of an addition. Most building departments require architectual drawings sealed by an architect...

Building Homes or Extensions: Help With Roof Extension, new porch, gable ends
new porch, gable ends, reality thanks: I think the best solution would be to continue the gable out to the new porch face. I don t see any advantage in turning it into a shed roof for a few feet. The complications of the shed meeting the gable, yet retaining the eave line are insurmountable...

Building Homes or Extensions: Home addition, load bearing wall, mold problems
load bearing wall, mold problems, rules of thumb: Shailesh, Your proposed project is significant - it does have the potential to dramatically affect your home, and you are right to be asking these questions. However, if you consult with competent professionals with current knowledge of construction techniques,...

Building Homes or Extensions: heat extraction, room thermostat, swamp cooler
room thermostat, swamp cooler, yorkshire england: James, when you described the room, I was sure it was what we call a green house designed to grow flowers,etc., especially when you said the panels were polycarbonate. A green house here would be designed to open a section of the top to adjust humidity and...

Building Homes or Extensions: Not sure..house settling?, steel support beam, hardwood flooring
steel support beam, hardwood flooring, ceramic tile: Hi Gary, first of all you need to determine if the hump in the floor is really caused by the beam or actually caused by the hardwood floor expanding and buckling upward. It may be a coincidence that the hump is near where the beam is. You can pull some very...

Building Homes or Extensions: Insulation, rigid foam insulation, soffit vents
rigid foam insulation, soffit vents, insulation materials: Hi Dave, First, I need to tell you that i am in Maine... and am not overly familiar with building methods there in Ca. However, In answer to the question re: air space and rafter size, I would use as deep a rafter as possible, to allow a good rigid foam...

Building Homes or Extensions: Interior door swings shut, interior door, hoping that someone
interior door, hoping that someone, david i: David, I sure don t want this to sound too simple. Remove the pin from the top hinge. Catch it in a heavy vise or lay it on concrete or steel. Hit it hard enough to bend it slightly. Reinstall. Everything should be fixed, but a 6 panel solid door is heavy,...

Building Homes or Extensions: insulating concrete block home, spray foam insulation, air leaks
spray foam insulation, air leaks, soffit vents: Linda, Most would agree that a spray foam insulation is your best choice for performance - it will seal any air leaks while providing a high R-value. If you are concerned about resource usage, note that these are often petrochemical based products (though...

Building Homes or Extensions: lcynene, resistance one, air bubbles
resistance one, air bubbles, wind resistance: I had to do it on one of my homes already to repair a broken truss. We just scraped it off and resprayed it. It worked fine. The foam when cured is similar in texture to dense styrofoam, so it scrapes off easily. We made sure we scraped as much off the sheathing...

Building Homes or Extensions: lolly columns, lally columns, lolly columns
lally columns, lolly columns, footing design: Lally columns carry overhead loads and reduce the span of bearing members. The loads involved must be transferred to proper footings capable of carrying the loads involved. The issue is whether or not these footings are installed under the floor at the...

Building Homes or Extensions: New Construction Costs Tampa, cost per square foot, variables type
cost per square foot, variables type, luck dave: Hi Jen, Wow, sooo many variables!! type of construction, interior and exterior finishes,etc, etc... But, using AVERAGE construction costs here in Maine, you should plan on at least $135.00 per square foot of living area. Vague, I know, but its all I...

Building Homes or Extensions: Patio enclosure, bruce e johnson, thick slab
bruce e johnson, thick slab, porch roof: Hi again Thomas, it sounds like you are going to need to get a building permit. In order to do this you will need to show what kind of existing structure you have and what you plan on doing with it. R-38 is pretty hefty for ceiling insulation but if that...

Building Homes or Extensions: Pergola beam span, carriage bolts, carriage bolt
carriage bolts, carriage bolt, liquid nails: Hi Brad, your beam that sits on posts 7 apart can be double 2x10 no problem. It s the one spanning nearly 15 that gets a little iffy. Doing the carriage bolts with the blocking helps. The spacing is okay. I would say the double 2x12 s would be the better...

Building Homes or Extensions: Pergola Construction, simpson strongtie, joist hangers
simpson strongtie, joist hangers, metal hangers: Tom, I don t know a definitive reference for no-load spans. In my experience, 12 is getting pretty long for 2x4s - depending on the design and how many grapes are growing on it, you will have some sag but maybe not a visually troublesome amount. My...

Building Homes or Extensions: Pergola Questions, building a pergola, deck screw
building a pergola, deck screw, 2x8: Hi Peter, the u-shaped post brackets are okay. In your case I would prefer to see an anchor embedded in the concrete. Simpson makes a good one and there are others out there as well. They require a little more of an effort to get them set in line and to...

Building Homes or Extensions: Pier and Beam Home, bruce e johnson, soil movement
bruce e johnson, soil movement, pier and beam: Hi Suzanne, If your home was built 50 years ago and is not showing any signs of settling or soil movement problems by now then chances are pretty good that whatever the previous owners did regarding drainage etc. is working okay. I wouldn t want to suggest...

Building Homes or Extensions: Plumbing and Structural Concrete, concrete cutting company, bruce e johnson
concrete cutting company, bruce e johnson, concrete removal: Hi Lewis, of course you can hook up to your drain and water system through the concrete. But it involves more than just drilling a couple of holes. You need to saw cut out a wide enough and long enough trench to be able to dig up the drain line and tie...

Building Homes or Extensions: partition in garage, bruce e johnson, framing a wall
bruce e johnson, framing a wall, bottom plates: Hi Valerie, framing a wall isn t too difficult. I lay my top and bottom plates on edge together and lay them out together so that the studs hit at the same place top and bottom. In a garage you might be faced with a sloping floor so, if you don t want to...

Building Homes or Extensions: pier and beam, floor sheathing, bruce e johnson
floor sheathing, bruce e johnson, building a cottage: Hi David, I don t really have enough information about your beams. You cay that they are 4-ply spruce meaning that they are four 2x10 s thick? Or are they LVL or laminated plywood beams? A four piece 2x10 beam can easily span up to ten feet. You didn t...

Building Homes or Extensions: RE: How to construct a traditional suspended concrete floor tutorial, steven lloyd, diameter steel
steven lloyd, diameter steel, lateral flow: Hi Steven, just like any other concrete structure you need to build forms to contain the concrete. The shoring up of the underside of the slab is usually done with adjustable post shores, beams and plywood or you can rent a scaffold system which ammounts...

Building Homes or Extensions: Roofed Structure over Patio, bruce e johnson, conventional framing
bruce e johnson, conventional framing, bruce simpson: Hi again Bruce, when I say third point I mean a third of the way down the rafter on each side. A good bolted collar tie will provide excellant support and give a nice visual look. Put a collar tie on each side of the rafters , sandwiching the rafters between...

Building Homes or Extensions: rafters for a pergola type construction, brick pillars, plywood sheets
brick pillars, plywood sheets, timber work: hi keith, The span (length) is what is the problem, you need more depth to your joists. if all you can get are 4 depths, use 2 and put one on top of the other... but they will need to be attached to each other with some fasteners. anything less like 2...

Building Homes or Extensions: roof framing, roof rafters, roof framing
roof rafters, roof framing, luck dave: hi jason, usually, 24 centers are used with pre manufactured trusses, and 16 centers are for common on-site rafters. the sheathing has to be thicker on 24 than 16 . there is little difference on the bearing weight. there is no reason not to use 24 ...

Building Homes or Extensions: roof overhang extend, rafter tails, bruce e johnson
rafter tails, bruce e johnson, roof overhang: Hi AL, I m not quite sure what you are trying to do here. Are you adding an addition to an inside corner of your house or are you just extending the overhang? If you are adding an addition is is going to have a shed roof or a double pitched ridge type of...

Building Homes or Extensions: roof pitch, bruce e johnson, framing square
bruce e johnson, framing square, roof pitch: Hi Tom, an eight foot rafter with a three foot rise should be plenty of pitch (it is very close to a 5/12). I believe anything 4/12 and over should suffice in most snow areas. A true 5/12 would be 37.5 down instead of 36 but it s close enough that a 5/12...

Building Homes or Extensions: SCREW SPACING ON A TIN ROOF, bruce e johnson, corrugated tin roof
bruce e johnson, corrugated tin roof, corrugated roof: Hi Debbie, I hope this email is soon enough, I was out of town for the weekend. The corrugated roof should be screwed at least every 12 vertically and every 12 horizontally. The sheets are usually two feet wide so you will have a row of screws on each...

Building Homes or Extensions: Shaking floors in new office building, bobble head doll, bruce e johnson
bobble head doll, bruce e johnson, mid span: Hi Steve, this type of reflexive floor is fairly common when you have a corrugated metal deck and only 3 of concrete poured on top of it. The closer you get to mid-span between end supports of the steel joists the bouncier you will get. It is the nature...

Building Homes or Extensions: SPANNING AN OPENNING, bruce e johnson, truss manufacturer
bruce e johnson, truss manufacturer, openning: Hi Randy, off the top of my head I would say a double 18 x 1 3/4 beam would work. However I am not an engineer. I suggest that you contact a local truss manufacturer and ask the supplier directly. They usually have onsite engineers capable of making those...

Building Homes or Extensions: Steel beam support(s), toyota fj cruiser, square foot area
toyota fj cruiser, square foot area, f350 crew cab diesel: Hi Don, I am not a structural engineer but I can give you some basics. First of all your truck weight is somewhere around 7,000 pounds empty. The footprint of the truck is approximately 7 x16 or 112 sq. feet or for your floor system 62.5 pounds per sq. ft....

Building Homes or Extensions: Stone Patio, bruce e johnson, mortar joints
bruce e johnson, mortar joints, mortar mix: Hi Jake, there are a few products you might try that are a little less expensive than the Acrylic Epoxy. If you can pull up the stone and put the adhesive underneath it I recommend Liquid Nails landscaping stone adhesive. It sets up over night and seems...

Building Homes or Extensions: Storage space over garage, bruce e johnson, cross sectional area
bruce e johnson, cross sectional area, attic ladder: Hi again Cezar, If you want to add the bottom chord reinforcing that is entirely up to you. Like I mentioned earlier, trusses are normally designed for a 20 pounds per square foot bottom chord load adding a two by four won t be adding that much weight to...

Building Homes or Extensions: Suspended concrete deck, wooden joists, bar joists
wooden joists, bar joists, slab on grade: Jon. I really think you are way under on concrete dimension. YOu never indicate what the suspended slab will be used for, but spanning 16 feet will need more than a 4 slab, especially outdoors. A typical concrete floor with columns around 20 feet apart...

Building Homes or Extensions: second floor load capasity, slate pool tables, pin ball machines
slate pool tables, pin ball machines, bar joists: Hi Robbie, first of all I am not an engineer. Secondly there isn t nearly enough information given for me to make a definitive answer to this question. That said, I can give you some guidelines to deterimine if the floor system will handle your loads. I...

Building Homes or Extensions: stabilising a half height wall, floor sheathing, floor joists
floor sheathing, floor joists, stiffener: Hi Anthony, if you have access to the floor joists and don t mind pulling up some floor sheathing then your job isn t too complicated. The trick is to install stiffeners onto the floor joists themselves instead of just sitting on top of them. This can be...

Building Homes or Extensions: Tenant Space, commercial improvements, metal studs
commercial improvements, metal studs, kissimmee florida: I am not that familiar with your specific codes. I do not know of any code that allows wood in T/I situations. You need to talk to your local building department, or design professional that sealed your blueprints. The city may not allow a change to wood....

Building Homes or Extensions: Tenant space, steel stud framing, bruce e johnson
steel stud framing, bruce e johnson, 2x4 studs: Hi Carlos, if you can change to a type III construction the interior non bearing walls etc. can be of combustible materials. I hope this information helps feel free to write again regarding this or other matters, sincerely bruce e johnson...bejohnsonconsulting.co...

Building Homes or Extensions: Tenant space, water curtain, kissimmee florida
water curtain, kissimmee florida, space question: Carlos, do you own the entire structure or just one tenant space? Is this a cement block building with concrete floor and steel superstructure (my assumption)? If the building has been framed in wood, you will need to go through the permitting process again....

Building Homes or Extensions: Turning my deck into a three season porch, wall sheathing, season porch
wall sheathing, season porch, steel siding: Jeff, I m assuming the deck is going to be 14 out from the house and 16 along the house. Also, that the deck is strong enough to support the new work. Wall frame,ceiling joists,rafters,roof and wall sheathing:$ 1,000.00 Windows will run about $200.00...

Building Homes or Extensions: temporary divider wall, divider wall, japanese screens
divider wall, japanese screens, luck dave: Hi Kerry, I imagine the ceiling is interrupted by pipes/wires/ducts etc. So that area is a bear to cover...maybe the sheets on the ceiling would be a good idea with spray paint to liven it up a bit. As for the walls, I would use some Japanese screens,...

Building Homes or Extensions: Vinyl siding gapping where meets cement wall, spray foam insulation, cement siding
spray foam insulation, cement siding, bruce e johnson: Hi Jackie, anything to close that gap will work. Strips of hardiboard cement siding cut to fit up inside or strips of pressure treated 1x4 cut into strips the proper width to fit up inside and fill the gap. Then a good caulking on both sides of the strip...

Building Homes or Extensions: vertical bifold horizontal openning garage door, timber frame home, two doors
timber frame home, two doors, hardware supplier: Hi Roger, Its a rare thing when I cannot come up with some kind of answer!! As far as specific hardware is concerned, you ve got me on this one. If it were me, I d probably use standard hinges and make up something like regular bi-fold closet door hardware...

Building Homes or Extensions: Wall arch, bruce e johnson, load bearing wall
bruce e johnson, load bearing wall, wall arch: Hi Irene, The arch is probably self supporting at the header. I doubt if the shelves or the slate have anything to do with the structural supports. I hope this information helps feel free to write again regarding this or other matters, sincerely bruce e...

Building Homes or Extensions: Walls make popping sounds, snap crackle pop, visible cracks
snap crackle pop, visible cracks, signs of stress: Hi Marie, GET OUT!! Its possessed!! Seriously, I don t think there is any danger of collapse. If this was really serious, you would see signs of stress...cracking in the drywall, mortar breaking away from the bricks, etc. It sounds (no pun intended) like...

Building Homes or Extensions: Wet drywall, bruce e johnson, wall cavity
bruce e johnson, wall cavity, water stains: Hi Nicole, good question. If the event causing the moisture was just a one time event you might be okay once the walls dry out. I can t say how serious the issue is based on your letter. My bigger concern would be why the water got through the basement...

Building Homes or Extensions: Adding a second floor addition, adding a second floor, floor addition
adding a second floor, floor addition, square foot costs: Marc, you are going to get a much better answer through a local builder who is familiar with at least square foot costs in your area and economy. Any contractor considerig the project will need to have some heavy language about weather, limits of liability,...

Building Homes or Extensions: Adding a sunken patio and entrance, concrete floor slab, block retaining walls
concrete floor slab, block retaining walls, www oikos: Steve, Here is a link to a basic primer on shallow frost-protected foundations: http://www.oikos.com/esb/43/foundations.html. Among other things, the bearing capacity of foam insulation is discussed. The upshot is that there are foams readily available...

Building Homes or Extensions: Attaching a ledger board, bruce e johnson, rim joist
bruce e johnson, rim joist, lag bolt: Hi again Rob, you can use screws. Instead of a 1/2 lag bolt in each stud you can use three screws per stud, no problem.I hope this information helps, feel free to write again regarding this or other matters, sincerely bruce e johnson..bejohnsonconsulting.com...

Building Homes or Extensions: adding a 3 season porch to L shaped ranch, season porch, garage roof
season porch, garage roof, roof style: Hi Again Di, Well we re getting there!! :) If you re building under a valley, you ll need to start on either roof and create a new valley against the other roof... the new one will be a shallower valley (less pitch) than the original. (I wish we had graphics...

Building Homes or Extensions: addition to cottage, ceiling joist, load bearing walls
ceiling joist, load bearing walls, luck dave: Hi Johnny, No, the joists will sag at that span. But, if when you frame the new ceiling as you just said, and put up the new rafters as well, you will be able to make trusses right in place. Look at a picture of a simple truss, and use it as a guide. Your...

Building Homes or Extensions: addition over patio, cinder block, colorado mountains
cinder block, colorado mountains, northwest colorado: Alisa, anywhere near Dinosaur National? I wish I had better news. Code demands a footing around enclosed space and a simple patio slab couldn t carry 2 stories anyway. The patio is probably sloped, and sloped enough to be uncomfortable for finished space...

Building Homes or Extensions: attaching a ledger to house foundation, mortar joints, masonry blocks
mortar joints, masonry blocks, lag screws: Hi Dale, If the foundation blocks are 16 long, the solid part will be in the center of each block. You will also find that there is a solid area on each side of the vertical mortar joints at about an inch each way. I would drill out the hole a bit over...

Building Homes or Extensions: attaching studs to concrete walls, tapcon concrete screws, concrete basement walls
tapcon concrete screws, concrete basement walls, glue dries: Hi brian, the best thing for furring out basement walls is a pressure treated 1x4. They can be attached either with tapcon concrete screws, 1 3/4 preferred, cut nails #8s, or shotgun .25 cal, 1 1/2 nails, t-nails or coil nails from an air nail gun. They...

Building Homes or Extensions: attaching studs to concrete walls, concrete basement walls, styrofoam insulation
concrete basement walls, styrofoam insulation, dead air space: Brian, you have many decisions to make. You can fasten drywall directly to the wall, but this will give you nightmares for electric and duct work and may invite moisture problems. There would be no space for any tiype of insulation. The next choices:...

Building Homes or Extensions: Basement Window, bearing points, egress window
bearing points, egress window, basement window: Wood will work, but it will be harder to waterproof the bearing points to prevent water and rot. These issues will be influenced by the exterior material which you did not mention. Pay particular attention to flashings and dealing with water issues. It...

Building Homes or Extensions: Brick House Support Beam Dropped, brick house, horizontal support
brick house, horizontal support, support beam: Hi again Daniel, If the shelf is poured concrete then you can probably get by with putting a post on it without a footing. The trick would be to distribute the weight as much as possible. If you take a ten foot pressure treated 2x12 and cut it up into two...

Building Homes or Extensions: basement mono slab, bruce e johnson, frost wall
bruce e johnson, frost wall, concrete wall: Hi Jim, the depth of your footings should be determined by a local engineer based on the soil in your area, the size/weight of your house that bears on the wall etc. I m not sure what you are calling a frost wall, the terminology is foreign to me. I do know...

Building Homes or Extensions: beach house, weaver precast, precast columns
weaver precast, precast columns, concrete pillars: If the blocks are poured solid with steel, that would be strong. Modulars are easily destroyed, I agree. Here is an alternative. Contact Weaver Precast at 407-812-5552 in Orlando. Talk to Tom Adkins. Look into precast columns delivered to the jobsite. I use...

Building Homes or Extensions: building an addition, bruce e johnson, joist hangers
bruce e johnson, joist hangers, structural engineer: Hi Liesel, it s never say never in the building business. You just need a new contractor. There are beams and materials available today to carry pretty much any load over any span. Yes you should contact a structural engineer to make the calculations....

Building Homes or Extensions: building a garage under the existing deck, bruce e johnson, rolling doors
bruce e johnson, rolling doors, closet doors: Hi dwight, most overhead door companies can build any size door you want if you want or need a custom size. Overhead Doors is one that comes to mind right away. Look in your local yellow pages and make some calls if this is what you want. Rolling...

Building Homes or Extensions: CMU Foundation, horizontal beams, vertical block
horizontal beams, vertical block, 5 bars: Mariamagrama, I am curious about your name, it begs some explanation. Structural design is not meant to be provided by code. Your CMU walls will certainly need reinforcement. The inspection department may well require an engineering stamp on the design....

Building Homes or Extensions: Concrete Block Home walls not capped moisture, foam board insulation, cellulose insulation
foam board insulation, cellulose insulation, humidity problem: Hi again Sharon, the soft foam will solve your problem with the air coming out of your outlets because it will fill every void in the wall cavity. I don t know what to tell you about your moisture situation other than if you install some air conditioning...

Building Homes or Extensions: Concrete driveway, insufficient compaction, garbage trucks
insufficient compaction, garbage trucks, concrete trucks: Michigan, the land of ice and snow? A standard retort among contractors is that I guarantee my concrete . . I guarantee it will get hard and crack! The causes are many, most can be designed for and are preventable. Without seeing your situation I can...

Building Homes or Extensions: Concrete Slab, repair mortars, concrete slab
repair mortars, concrete slab, rotary hammer: Chris, there is no simple solution. Water makes concrete get stronger, so I doubt that is the problem. Spalled tops are usually caused by poor finishing (not waiting for the bleed water to come up), freeze within the first three days, or chemical abuse of...

Building Homes or Extensions: Concrete Slab, bruce e johnson, concrete slab
bruce e johnson, concrete slab, gravel: Hi Kathy, it really doesn t matter what the sequence is. You can grade out the slab area and then dig the thickened edge for the rat wall or you can dig the rat wall and then grade the ground around it. I would prep for the slab first and then dig the rat...

Building Homes or Extensions: Constructing a loft, open loft, loft space
open loft, loft space, chair person: Isobel, the biggest issue is sizing the new floor joists. Code requires a minimum of 30 PSF live load and 10 PSF dead load for bedroom flooring with a deflection of L/360. YOur local code may require 40 PSF. This site works well for sizing these joists...

Building Homes or Extensions: Crack in brick, clay soils, concrete slab
clay soils, concrete slab, ram jack: Jerry, the cause is settling or movement in the footing. I will bet you have ads on TV for foundation lifting. We have several here, no particular recommendation, but names like ram jack, perma jack, etc. Clay soils, not letting footings settle, etc are...

Building Homes or Extensions: Cracked, gypsum board, brick construction
gypsum board, brick construction, story brick: Hi lance, this is a tricky question because you don t really describe what is cracking. Is it plaster? Drywall? brick? concrete? Are the cracks accompanied by settling? In other words are the doors and windows of the building sticking or not working properly?...

Building Homes or Extensions: cardboard footings filled with concret, bruce e johnson, pier footings
bruce e johnson, pier footings, crawl space: Hi Steve, that s probably correct. It is something that should have been done during construction of the residence. I am assuming that you are talking about the concrete form boxes used to pour your pier footings. It s definitely easier to remove them before...

Building Homes or Extensions: cement pier for heavy duty basketball system, cement pier, pro hoops
cement pier, pro hoops, basketball system: I disagree with your fella. Remember that you want to hold the top of the concrete lower than finish grade so you don t have a big jagged lump to deal with around the goal post. Square is not important, I just meant that some shape other than smooth and...

Building Homes or Extensions: cmu wall and plumbing, hollow cores, incubation center
hollow cores, incubation center, roof penetrations: I asume you are talking about foam filling the CMU. There are contracors in that business that can tell you what R rating this will yield, costs, and nuber of holes required ot fill around the slushed cores. Vent lines for sinks, etc will be 1 1/2 or 2s...

Building Homes or Extensions: combining mobile homes to make one, modular home manufacturers, bruce e johnson
modular home manufacturers, bruce e johnson, doublewide: Hi Stephanie, I suppose you could combine several mobiles together. Most mobiles have windows on the ends that can be easily converted into doorways so you could butt one trailer into the next at an angle or butt them end to end. You can build a basement...

Building Homes or Extensions: concrete, concrete walkway, bruce e johnson
concrete walkway, bruce e johnson, cost of concrete: Hi Ramona, 775 sq. ft. of concrete 4 thick is 10 cubic yards of concrete. Depending on the cost of concrete in your area this could be as much as 1500 dollars just for materials. Add labor and possibly a concrete pump to that and you are probably looking...

Building Homes or Extensions: concrete patio question, flat edge, concrete patio
flat edge, concrete patio, concrete work: Think carefully before you slick trowel the patio. Exterior concrete normally has a broom finish or some other slight texture. They can get treacherous when wet. To answer your question: Place the concrete Strike to grade Bullfloat to flat Edge,...

Building Homes or Extensions: concrete resurfacing, marbles granites, bruce e johnson
marbles granites, bruce e johnson, epoxy grout: Hi Vonnie, I am assuming that this product is not made for the application you want to use it in otherwise the manufacturer would have installation instructions. I went to the MSI website and all I could find was a mixture of marbles, granites and limestone...

Building Homes or Extensions: concrete slab, bruce e johnson, control joints
bruce e johnson, control joints, concrete slab: Hi john, 12 x 12 is really not big enough to need control joints but the slab may crack anyhow because that s the way concrete is. If the control joints are going to be effective they need to be done the day of the pour just as soon as you can walk on the...

Building Homes or Extensions: concrete wall psi needs, bruce e johnson, degree angles
bruce e johnson, degree angles, frost line: Hi Scott,I don t agree with any of your contractors: The 3500 psi is fine for the concrete strength. I don t have a problem with that. Like I said before 3000 would probably suffice but 3500 is better. The frost line scenario exists for a reason. A frost...

Building Homes or Extensions: cracks on bricks, stair step, repair contractor
stair step, repair contractor, exterior walls: Baiyu, the footing is settling. This situation in not wonderful, but it also not unusual. Your best solution would be to contact a foundation jacking or repair contractor in your area. An honest one should advise you of different solutions, other work in...

Building Homes or Extensions: creating an entrance from room into the garage, garage areas, ranch house
garage areas, ranch house, little knowledge: Hi Jan, the ideal location for a passage door would be where the window between the two garages exists if the window is wide enough. The support header over the window will allow you to remove the area below the window without affecting the structural integrity...

Building Homes or Extensions: draughts in dormer bungalow, upstairs bedrooms, paint additive
upstairs bedrooms, paint additive, cavity wall: Hi Glenys, Forget the paint idea... next to worthless. If the air is entering into the floor space above the ceiling, you obviously need to address that area with batts or blown-in cellulose. Not being able to see exactly what the configuration is, I...

Building Homes or Extensions: drive way painting, bruce e johnson, way painting
bruce e johnson, way painting, winter park fl: Hi Dave, I am not familiar with contractors in your area. Try going to some local paint stores like Sherwin Williams and see if there is a board on the wall with contractor cards or ask the clerk about products and contractors that specialize in driveway...

Building Homes or Extensions: Extension with 35 feet load bearing span, bearing wall, clear span
bearing wall, clear span, wood beam: Steen, You have an extraordinarily unique kitchen - 35 feet long and 7 -8 high! 35 feet is a long span. Unfortunately, it will not be possible to replace 35 of bearing wall with a clear-span beam as shallow as you you d like. Roughly speaking,...

Building Homes or Extensions: Exterior Doors, thermatru, exterior doors
thermatru, exterior doors, steel door: I would recommend a fiberglass door from thermatru. They are not very expensive, but are insulated and almost indestructible. If you have to tear out the old jamb and replace it, the entire job should run less than $800.00. Most doors you purchase will not...

Building Homes or Extensions: Exterior door sill, bruce e johnson, exterior door
bruce e johnson, exterior door, fixings: Hi Ian, yes you just saw through the jamb on top of the sill. A trick to removing a sill like this is to cut it in half also to aid in removing it in case it is nailed or screwed to the floor. Of course if it is rotten then it should come up fairly easily....

Building Homes or Extensions: Exterior insulation/shingles, bruce e johnson, insulation product
bruce e johnson, insulation product, roofing market: Hi John, there exists on the roofing market a great insulation product that comes with an OSB board attached to it. It is a 2 - 3.25 polyisoanurate foam insulation. It can be screwed to the outside of the building and then the siding can be attached to...

Building Homes or Extensions: Exterior insulation/shingles, cotton insulation, exterior insulation
cotton insulation, exterior insulation, occasional mouse: Hi John, Yes, we put the cdx directly on the insulation, then shingled. No need for typar,etc. the insulation should be taped tho... Yes, I think 1 is ok, should be easy enough to heat at that time of year. (personally, I think the house wraps are overrated......

Building Homes or Extensions: earth-rammmed, black earth, high desert
black earth, high desert, code officials: Janis, I do not have any direct experience with any of the alternative materials. There are many web sites that discuss some of these issues, look up: Cob Adobe Straw building Tire building They make very interesting structures and some quite beautiful...

Building Homes or Extensions: extending slab, foundation slab, dowel
foundation slab, dowel, thanks john: John, there is no reason to abandon what you have. You mention foundation which would be unusual on a storage shed, but if so, make sure you duplicate the condition on the new. A big problem can be differentail settling. Dowel into the side of the existing...

Building Homes or Extensions: Firewalls and steel studs, hillsborough county florida, commercial drywall
hillsborough county florida, commercial drywall, drywall contractor: Taryn, I m sorry, I have absolutely no idea what you are talking about. I guess you mean a fire rated assembly. There are many rated assemblies that have been UL tested. Any given rated assembly is only usable exactly as drawn/tested. This rated assembly...

Building Homes or Extensions: Footer back fill, pea gravel, lally columns
pea gravel, lally columns, cement block: Chris, your garage should already have a continuous footing around the perimeter. Your inspector may require that you verify the footing at the door way(s). I assume you are talking about having gone through the garage floor 2 times out in the middle to...

Building Homes or Extensions: Foundation, bruce e johnson, new footing
bruce e johnson, new footing, hardy plank: Hi Alan, this isn t a big deal. Make sure they drill and epoxy some rebar pieces into the new footing (two feet apart minimum) and then put a continuous bar of rebar in the ledge footing. You should be fine.I hope this information helps feel free to write...

Building Homes or Extensions: Foundation on existing foundation, water holding tanks, spread footing
water holding tanks, spread footing, underground tank: Theron, it sounds doable. Your code people will probably require a strucural engineer s stamp to ensure the original footing can sustain the load of a second floor on the lower section. He may well suggest a wood framed floor over that portion to reduce...

Building Homes or Extensions: farmers porch, bruce e johnson, front steps
bruce e johnson, front steps, split level: Hi Maureen, you can add a porch to a split level. If the front entry is elevated and you have to walk up steps to the front door then you either have to elevate your deck to that level or provide for an elevated roof line on your porch to make sure that you...

Building Homes or Extensions: figuring sq footage for remodeling job, hypotenuse of a right triangle, homework question
hypotenuse of a right triangle, homework question, pitch roof: Lenton there are lots of differcent kinds of square feet. Lenton, there is only one way to compute square feet, length in feet times width in feet. Your question is asking for many different computations. Lenton, this is really sounding like a homework...

Building Homes or Extensions: finish trim, dings and dents, finish carpenter
dings and dents, finish carpenter, texture work: Mark, I have no way to answer your question. I m doing some guessing here that you are the painter. I am assuming the texture work is complete. Drywall walls and ceilings? Drywall returns to the windows? Who is setting the cabinets? Are the baseboards,...

Building Homes or Extensions: fire/safety doors, fire safety doors, code enforcement officer
fire safety doors, code enforcement officer, luck dave: Hi Stacey, I m in Maine, so i have no idea what the codes would be where you are. I m thinking that if you could find an older contractor, locally, you may have a chance. I m a bit surprised that the local code enforcement officer wouldn t have any...

Building Homes or Extensions: floor insulations, grade flooring, mason sand
grade flooring, mason sand, vapor barrier: hi Lori, i think the crawl space may need venting...? if its already vented, i guess there must be moisture coming in from outside. the spray foam is great insulation and i highly recommend it, but the moisture will still be present. in what climate are...

Building Homes or Extensions: footings, bruce e johnson, clay pipes
bruce e johnson, clay pipes, lintel: Hi marc, you have to compensate for the pipes by making the footing deeper where the pipes cross through them. This is called stepping the footing. You step the footing so that where the pipes are the top of the footing is below the pipes. I like to step...

Building Homes or Extensions: footings under posts in an old house, floor joists, pine posts
floor joists, pine posts, douglas fir: Hi mark, a 2 x2 footing 12 deep will probably work okay but for two stories I prefer 3 x3 x 12 with a grid of #5 rebar 6 apart each direction suspended about three inches up from the ground. Good douglas fir or southern yellow pine posts are just as...

Building Homes or Extensions: GARAGE HEADERS, lumber yard, gable wall
lumber yard, gable wall, building a garage: Hi Jeff, For the 18 door: if it is in a gable wall, there is little downpressure and anything that will not sag on its own will be fine. If it is in a sidewall, you need to build a triple 2 x12 laminated with plywood.(or go to your lumber yard and ask them...

Building Homes or Extensions: General Contractor Costing Guides, home building projects, school of hard knocks
home building projects, school of hard knocks, long term relationship: Any costing and estimaing books can only serve as a point of begining. The data contained must be adjusted for location and inflation. For your purposes, square foot costs will let you get some ball park pricing. If the book says concrete flat work is...

Building Homes or Extensions: garage door header, garage door header, building a garage
garage door header, building a garage, luck dave: Hi Ricky, There is very little down pressure on a gable end. You can build almost anything as it is only going to support itself. Just use 2 2x6 s at each end for support of the header. The small one could be made with a couple of 2x8 s with some 2 1/2...

Building Homes or Extensions: garage floor, compaction control, thick slab
compaction control, thick slab, wet climates: Hi John, when you say 18 columns are you referring to an 18 wide footing poured monolithically with the slab? If yes, then I suppose it will be okay. What makes a garage floor, or any concrete slab for that matter, withstand the weight of vehicles etc....

Building Homes or Extensions: Header / Patio door, plywood floor, flitch beam
plywood floor, flitch beam, header tables: The double plate has little or no value at this time. It was there to transfer vertical loads where there was not a header so that the upper framing did not have to line up with the lower framing. This leaves you with 7 1/2 for the header which is still...

Building Homes or Extensions: House wrap & Acrylic stucco, regina sk canada, acrylic stucco
regina sk canada, acrylic stucco, stucco system: Kevin, Let me be blunt. Most would agree that acrylic stucco does not solve moisture infiltration issues, but instead creates and exacerbates them. I agree that your housewrap has been exposed to UV, airborne dirt, and wind for too long - it needs to...

Building Homes or Extensions: header beam for garage door, metal stud, high steel
metal stud, high steel, steel beam: Harold, there is no substitute for a continuous header for the size opening you create. Alternatives: Use a normal 16 garage door, I would consider a 20 door unusual. Use two smaller doors with a load bearing narrow wall section between the doors. ...

Building Homes or Extensions: home renovations, bruce e johnson, slab on grade
bruce e johnson, slab on grade, slab on grade foundation: Hi Tom, yes you can add a basement addition to a slab on grade foundation. It s a little tricky if you have to join the two together as is. If you can put the basement, say, four feet or so from the existing house, it makes it easier and involves less shoring...

Building Homes or Extensions: Incorporating a garage floor into a slab on grade foundation, concrete formwork, chalk line
concrete formwork, chalk line, slab on grade foundation: Keep in mind I build in Florida and our techniques may be different if you are building on a foundation. I can only answer to a stemwall foundation where you lay block on footings and level off that for the garage as in a slab on grade hiome. It sounds like...

Building Homes or Extensions: interior floor, cement boards, span calculator
cement boards, span calculator, tile work: Durock comes in 4x8 sheets and I would use 1/2 , set in thinset with screws. Hardie makes 3x5 AND 4X8 in both 1/4 and 1/2 . If the floor is rigid enough, either will be satisfactory. Custom has a new product out called easy mat which looks good, though...

Building Homes or Extensions: joist support, joist hanger, main beams
joist hanger, main beams, joist hangers: Hi Pete, your floor system is a ledger design. The ledger being the wood nailed to the beam that the joists sit on. This is kind of a funky way of doing things but they didn t have joist hangers back then or if they did they were hand made and expensive....

Building Homes or Extensions: Load Bearing Walls, load bearing walls, basement ceiling
load bearing walls, basement ceiling, joists: Hi Katherine, If there is a beam running the length of the basement ceiling, (about in the center) that would be the only load bearing place. If there is NO beam, which I doubt, there will be joists spliced over any load bearing walls. Usually the...

Building Homes or Extensions: lean-to extention, floor joists, designer engineer
floor joists, designer engineer, follow ups: Keith, What you are proposing is called a cantilevered addition, meaning that it overhangs your existing foundation without any new foundation required. Whether this is economical in your instance depends on the direction and depth of your existing floor...

Building Homes or Extensions: lean-to extention, framing member, joists
framing member, joists, closet space: hi keith, first, if you can access the crawl space and extend some or all of the joists out the 2.5 feet you ll be all set. If this is not possible, the end walls of the closet and the dividing wall are going to be the main support. make sure they are...

Building Homes or Extensions: How can I level my 12' x 24' shed, cement pad, cement block
cement pad, cement block, patio blocks: Peggy, you could consider cutting access points in the floor to work each stringer. Perhaps you would be best off contacting a local house mover, they are quite prepared to lift, shim, and adjust structures. Most would also be able to provide the concrete...

Building Homes or Extensions: load bearing wall extended on beam, load bearing wall, steel beam
load bearing wall, steel beam, extension 3: Hi Denise, With 2 x8 anything over a 24 cantilever is pushing it. You also need to attach the new joists back onto the existing 4 making the new joists 6 long. I m assuming that you are talking about the house joists and not the deck? Mail me back...

Building Homes or Extensions: matching floor heights with joist hangers, timber joists, joist hangers
timber joists, joist hangers, luck dave: hi Pete, yes, there is some adjustment when putting on the hangers. but, if i understand you correctly, you will need to have the top of the foundation pretty close, so that the joists resting there won t have to be shimmed. keep in mind that you ll probably...

Building Homes or Extensions: moisture problem, concrete block wall, remediation company
concrete block wall, remediation company, wall cavity: Gary, you have a problem. The best discussion of vapor barrier location I have found is here: http://www.buildingscienceconsulting.com/index.html Some basics: Heat and humidity will form on the warm side. Heat and humidity move to the cold. If you live...

Building Homes or Extensions: need roof help, longest side of a right triangle, bruce e johnson
longest side of a right triangle, bruce e johnson, collar ties: Hi Jim, the length of a rafter with a 12 span and a 3 foot rise is 12 4 7/16 not including overhang. It is a simple equation the rise squared (3x3=9) and the span squared (12 x 12= 144) are added together and then the square root of that amount is the...

Building Homes or Extensions: A new window opening in an existing brink wall, lintels, brickwork
lintels, brickwork, bricks: Lisa- Your mason will be able to insert a steel lintel to carry the bricks over your window by removing relatively few bricks. Keep in mind that the bricks are stacked in bond, so they tend to spread loads out; the lintels at your windows each holds up...

Building Homes or Extensions: Patio door header, simpson strongtie, rim joist
simpson strongtie, rim joist, plywood floor: Hi Regis, for a header spanning six feet you need at least a 4x6 or a double 2x6..If your floor joist are running parallel to your wall then it is possible that you have a double joist over the wall. If this is the case then you really don t need any structural...

Building Homes or Extensions: Pink house, mortar color, bruce e johnson
mortar color, bruce e johnson, driveway stains: Hi Kelly, I don t blame you, my wife hates pink and I m not a big fan of it either. Changing the mortar color might not be too hard if you have some depth to the mortar grooves and can add some more mortar on top of it without it looking wierd. The old mortar...

Building Homes or Extensions: patio cover, header beams, bruce e johnson
header beams, bruce e johnson, knee braces: Hi paul, the beams are a little puny for that kind of span especially if they are holding up a roof system. 4x12 is good for maybe 16 of span but a rule of thumb for beams is one inch of depth per foot of span. In other words a 4x23 would be the recommended...

Building Homes or Extensions: Rain Damage in new construction, new constructions, brick exterior
new constructions, brick exterior, rain damage: Sae, I would be confident in telling you that you have mold and water infiltration problems that will only get worse. The water issues are due to failure to flash or incorrect flashing details at the windows. Exterior caulking may temporarily stop the water,...

Building Homes or Extensions: Removing a load bearing wall to make house bigger, removing a load bearing wall, load bearing wall
removing a load bearing wall, load bearing wall, bruce e johnson: Hi again Rick, obviously you need the beam or girder to be hidden and really it is probably cheaper to do it that way in your case. I haven t seen how your house is built but if the wall you want to remove is a standard roof bearing wall and you have an overhang...

Building Homes or Extensions: Roof tie in of 16x24 porch addition, porch addition, concrete slab
porch addition, concrete slab, stud frame: Craig, how was the first porch roof done? If it has worked, I would duplicate it. I am a bit lost, though. What is made of 2x12, what is made of 2x6? I don t agree that 2x6 is strong enough to span 16 feet. I am considering a 20 pound snow load and...

Building Homes or Extensions: rate at which concrete gains strength., mathematical formulae, e johnson
mathematical formulae, e johnson, variables: Hi Robert, concrete curing is complicated and relies on a variety of factors. check out this link: http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qa5363/is_200502/ai_n21367922 It tries to cover all the variables involved in the curing of concrete and the mathematical...

Building Homes or Extensions: removing walls, ft span, typical ranch
ft span, typical ranch, luck dave: Hi Dustin, #1: You will have a 30 ft. span when the wall is removed, so you really need a beam. However, you can also make trusses out of your existing rafters and joists: If there is enough room above the room in question, you will need to make a common...

Building Homes or Extensions: residing, siding co, scratch and dent
siding co, scratch and dent, vinyl siding: Aluminum is much easier to work with when doing corners and other places where bending is required. Vinyl expands/contracts more than aluminum. you don t need to tape the seams, but it will help. Vinyl has a lower burn temp. than wood. I m afraid I m...

Building Homes or Extensions: roof Truss, roof rafter, pitch roof
roof rafter, pitch roof, please mail: Hi Jim, You could use a manufactured truss, 24 on center or build them in place doing it yourself. In place, you use a temporary center wall, put up the joists, rafters, then web them in place by using a W type webbing made of 1 x6 or 2 x4 .. Then you...

Building Homes or Extensions: room addition, bruce e johnson, doublewides
bruce e johnson, doublewides, laundry room: Hi keith, are you saying that your access is located on the exterior of your doublewide and by adding the room onto it you will be covering up the access? If this is the case then you can make an access hole up through the ceiling of your addition and you...

Building Homes or Extensions: Screened in addition, patio slab, fascia board
patio slab, fascia board, rafters: Hi Again, Not necessary to cut away sheathing, just the roofing. Remember, the critical area will be where you re-shingle into the existing shingles. In fact, if your new rafters are anywhere near the ridge, I d recommend stripping all the way... Dav...

Building Homes or Extensions: Shed Floor Load Rating, lag bolts, outer perimeter
lag bolts, outer perimeter, span table: Lester, I like to use this span table: http://www.awc.org/calculators/span/calc/timbercalcstyle.asp?species=Southern+Pine&size=2x10&grade=No.+2&member=Floor+Joists&deflectionlimit=L%2F360&spacing=16&wet=No&incised=No&liveload=100&snowload=-1&deadload=10&submit=Calculate+Maximum+Horizontal+Span...

Building Homes or Extensions: Steep driveway, drainage systems, drainage system
drainage systems, drainage system, first time buyers: Laura, I am sorry you are having this problem. I think you are long past the consult an attorney time. I normally don t suggest involving attorneys, but your builder seems unresponsive. I would still like to see you work with him rather than an outside...

Building Homes or Extensions: Steep driveway, drainage systems, drainage system
drainage systems, drainage system, first time buyers: Hi Laura, sorry to hear about your troubles. First of all most building departments and building codes have specific codes that deal with driveway slopes for just this reason. I personally would contact the building department and raise hell about not being...

Building Homes or Extensions: Supporting rim joist for lowered (suspended) ceiling, lath plaster, rim joist
lath plaster, rim joist, rim joists: Hi again Keith, yes, we use screws for pretty much everything anymore when it comes to attaching anything that can potentially pull out. Nails may have a slight shear advantage but a good #10 or #8 scres has ten times the holding power especially in a ...

Building Homes or Extensions: skirting, siding material, lisa hardy
siding material, lisa hardy, hardy plank: Hi Lisa, Hardy plank is a siding material (cement). Very durable stuff, hard to apply for some people. Manufacturer recommends nailing at the top to avoid exposure of nails. The problem: fishmouth at the butt of the siding if not appplied properly. Any...

Building Homes or Extensions: stair step cracks on exterios brick walls, masonry walls, minor cracks
masonry walls, minor cracks, legal paperwork: Hi again Baiyu, From the photo, it looks like you are experiencing a simple expansion crack. You can grind it out and fill it with a good urethane caulk. This will allow the concrete and brick to expand and contract. Or you can add some latex bonding agent...

Building Homes or Extensions: where to start, luck dave, unfinished basement
luck dave, unfinished basement, building inspector: Hi Dave, If you re concerned about any repercussions regarding the inspector, start with him and if questioned, tell him the renovations were done before you owned the home. Otherwise, if you re just wanting to go the cheapest route, tear it all out yourself....

Building Homes or Extensions: stilts, concrete piers, house on stilts
concrete piers, house on stilts, structural engineer: Rob, I would think you would need more than simple bearing pads to carry a house on stilts. I m thinking steep like Topanga canyon and tall like beach front stuff. The bearing stilts are deep and designed almost more for lateral stability than bearing. ...

Building Homes or Extensions: suspended concrete slab, concrete slab, covered porch
concrete slab, covered porch, structural engineer: Mike, not enough information. What loading? How are you forming or carrying the slab? I am not a strucutal engineer. If you are talking about shoring and forming a concrete deck with no integral beams or permanent joists, I would think you will need...

Building Homes or Extensions: Therma image camera can't find source of leak, wild goose chase, drywall framing
wild goose chase, drywall framing, masonry veneer: Marie, you ve got me stumped. It sounds as if you have attempted most of the choices. I assume this is a ground floor window. It sounds like you do not have a basement. Here are a few ideas: I have made up an adjustable spray wand that I can control...

Building Homes or Extensions: Tile Floor, ceramic tile floor, diamond blade
ceramic tile floor, diamond blade, air vent: Bob, you sure didn t waste anything extra on details. I guess you have an existing ceramic tile floor that is installed on a wood framed floor and you want to cut in a HVAC grill after the fact. If I were doing it, I would use a dry diamond blade in an...

Building Homes or Extensions: Torque requirements for electric drill/driver, bruce e johnson, lag bolt
bruce e johnson, lag bolt, quality longevity: Hi Andrew, I m not sure what you are asking for here? Normally 100+ foot lbs of torque should be enough to screw a lag bolt into a piece of wood. Most cordless drills are capable of this and even have torque settings built into them for various job requirements....

Building Homes or Extensions: truss, ewall, trusses
ewall, trusses, bad news: John, No, you cannot modify the truss geometry in any way. They, unlike other framing methods, are perfectly optimized to use the least wood in the most efficient way - that is, the members are fully loaded. Once you cut any member, they become dangerously...

Building Homes or Extensions: tyvek, hardi board, bruce e johnson
hardi board, bruce e johnson, adirondack area: Hi Meg, Tyvek and other brand name house wraps are merely modern versions of the old Tar paper wraps used for the last century. The purpose of tar paper and or Tyvek is to act as a vapor barrier to keep moisture that gets behind your siding from penentrating...

Building Homes or Extensions: void under exterior concrete walkup steps from basement, stair stringer, mortar mix
stair stringer, mortar mix, retainer wall: Hi Jean, if you have access to rocks, here is what I would do. I would pack some rocks into the voids and then mix up some mortar mix and pack the mortar mix onto the rocks. Then I would pack some more rocks into the remaining void and pack mortar mix into...

Building Homes or Extensions: Wet carpet/ceiling/, wall cavity, wet carpet
wall cavity, wet carpet, nasty business: Hi Maureen, the best thing to do whenever something like this happens is to try and vacuum up as much of the water as possible. Believe it or not you can vacuum the blown in insulation by putting a filter over the vacuum hose to keep the insulation from...

Building Homes or Extensions: walkout basement, footing designs, wood pilings
footing designs, wood pilings, frost heaves: Brent, I don t feel I am the right person to advise you on deep frost heave issues. Frost heave is real, but here frost depth is 18 . We do have some major expansive clay issues and one of the design methods used here is piers with grade beams. The grade...

Building Homes or Extensions: water damaged rotted wood, mold allergies, floor joists
mold allergies, floor joists, luck dave: Hi Barbara, Wow, a thankless job!! I think you should put in new floor joists and get rid of the rotten ones, they could pass the rot along to the new if you don t. Also, they will have an odor as well as mold (allergies). Anything else? Best of luck,...

Building Homes or Extensions: wood deck on second story, rim joists, wood joists
rim joists, wood joists, floor decks: Helen,if the joists are on 16 centers, they should be good for 40 lbs per SF live load and 10 dead load. YOur 182 square foot deck x 40= 7280 pounds. I usually figure 200 lbs per person (America is overweight, you know) which says about 36 1/2 people. ...

Building Homes or Extensions: Zed Purlins, yellow tongue, purlin
yellow tongue, purlin, residential structure: Hi Frank, g day mate. I always wanted to say that to an Australian. Anyways, I m not sure what you are asking here. It appears that you already know what the distance of cantilever is (6.5 ). The area you are cantilevering is, when you do the math, only...

Building Homes or Extensions: 2nd floor kneewall, balloon frame, snow loading
balloon frame, snow loading, ridge beam: Kim, That s a lot of snow load - even more than we design for here in Minnesota! There are several structural solutions to your issue. You may use one or more of them in combination; which ones depend on your design goals. 1. Use a ridge beam. This...

Building Homes or Extensions: Addetion to my home, 2nd story additions, pre fab two story additions
2nd story additions, pre fab two story additions: Hello Muzaffar; That sounds great. There are some Companies who have the ability to build the walls inside of their facility & therfore reduce the construction costs. I would definitely make sure that the Company you decide to go with: 1. Comes out to...

Building Homes or Extensions: Apartment steps, code enforcement officer, luck dave
code enforcement officer, luck dave, apartment building: Hi Rob, Most cities have a building code. The trouble is that they vary a lot from state to state and from city to city. However unless the owner have a variance there are certain codes re: apartments, that have to be followed. Usually they have to be...

Building Homes or Extensions: Asbestos Siding, asbestos siding, bruce e johnson
asbestos siding, bruce e johnson, inch plywood: Hi Donnie, I don t see any reason why you can t attach plywood over the existing siding. Use a good stud finder and make sure you attach directly to the studs and you should be fine. I hope this information helps feel free to write again regarding this or...

Building Homes or Extensions: Attach a ledger to a brick house, joist hangers, rim joist
joist hangers, rim joist, floor joist: Joe, if I m understanding you properly, its sounds like to me that I would reccomend removing the brick from the area where the ledger needs to attach to & lag directly into the wood rim joist. I would remove enough brick to install new metal flashing if needed...

Building Homes or Extensions: adding a ceiling, ceiling joist, roof rafter
ceiling joist, roof rafter, foot span: Brian, if I am understanding correctly the outside walls are being held together by only one ceiling joist in a cut roof rafter system. If this is true, that single joist is all that is holding the outside walls together stopping them from pushing out....

Building Homes or Extensions: adding footings to concrete slab porch, frost depth, front porch
frost depth, front porch, plasticizer: Enclosed habitable space requires a footing. I doubt your existing porch is 5 to 12 thick all the way across, I m sure you are seeing a thickened edge. It would be possible to cut the outside edge off the slab, excavae to proper frost depth, rebar, and...

Building Homes or Extensions: addition on home, roof trusses, right angles
roof trusses, right angles, please mail: Hi, Thats called a 4/12 pitch. (meaning that the rafter rises 4 in every 12 of run) If you hold a framing square with 12 on one leg and 4 on the other, both on the same edge of your rafter, mark both sides and repeat (starting each new measure at the...

Building Homes or Extensions: addng decorative columns, interior decorative columns, bruce e johnson
interior decorative columns, bruce e johnson, column base: Hi Ed, if your columns have an adjustable base or capitol then they should be installed after the flooring. Cutting and fitting your flooring around a column base may tend to get iffy as far as how it finishes out. I hope this information helps feel free...

Building Homes or Extensions: Bathtub Weight, claw foot tub, plywood subfloor
claw foot tub, plywood subfloor, marble tile: Kevin, I used 40# per square foot as a typical residential required minimum load. The big issues for ceramic tile are the spam of the joists which you still have never shared and the stiffness of the plywood crossing the joists. If either deflectw (bendw...

Building Homes or Extensions: Bird mouth, mid span, 2 birds
mid span, 2 birds, rafter: Hello Tyler; Yes you can put 2 birds mouth (seat cuts) cuts in your rafters. You can put as many as you need just as long as you don t cut & remove more than 25% of the material in that location. It s pretty typical for the style of construction your referring...

Building Homes or Extensions: Building a new bathroom, freezing pipes, detached garages
freezing pipes, detached garages, cold climates: Susan, Yes, adding finished spaces over garages is increasingly common in modern construction, including bathrooms. In cold climates, the plumbing will need to be in a heated chase. Normally this can be accommodated without undue trouble or expense. ...

Building Homes or Extensions: bigger opening in cinder block, steel lintel, cinder block
steel lintel, cinder block, cinder blocks: Frank, the existing masonry is filled with steel and concrete to be able to span the distance. It is a unique method of crating headers with masonry. It will be fairly difficult to remove the grouted block. You must have new bearing and new lintel to carry...

Building Homes or Extensions: brick home, mildew mold, mold remediation
mildew mold, mold remediation, remediation company: Hi Remi, there is a paperless drywall available nowadays that doesn t provide mold with food since it is paperless. But my knowledge of mold is that it will find something to grow on as long as it has water. The bottom of the wall can be opened up and...

Building Homes or Extensions: brick replacement, bruce e johnson, brick facade
bruce e johnson, brick facade, brick side: Hi again Lor, you will have to trim out the windows similar to what you have now. Generally a brick moulding trims out the windows and the brick butts into the brick moulding. How are the windows trimmed out on the brick side of the building? You would try...

Building Homes or Extensions: brick veeneer and the use of angle iron, brick veneer, anchor bolts
brick veneer, anchor bolts, roof overhang: John, it may not be all the way to normal, but it is certainly done. Sizing the iron and determining the location and size of anchor bolts should be addressed by a strucutral enigneer. Do you know the design of the existing footing? If there is a spread...

Building Homes or Extensions: Center span support for rooftrusses, ft span, roof trusses
ft span, roof trusses, engineered lumber: Oops, sorry Jim, Use an LTS twist strap. There are a few sizes/weights but the light one is fine...use one on each joist (or bottom chord) Dave P.S. The 3rd option is good only if you are able to get the necessary lumber into the attic, scuttle hole/gable...

Building Homes or Extensions: CMU basement, bruce e johnson, wall blocks
bruce e johnson, wall blocks, construction world: Hi Dave, in the real construction world we start laying block if not the next day after the concrete is poured, the day after that. I hope this information helps feel free to write again regarding this or other matters, sincerely bruce e johnson..bejohnsonconsulting.co...

Building Homes or Extensions: COnverting a garage, bruce e johnson, abatement procedures
bruce e johnson, abatement procedures, asbestos abatement: Hi sarah, when you say asbestos roof are you referring to the shingles on the exterior? If so then they shouldn t play any part in your remodeling project unless you want to replace them. As long as the asbestos is encapsulated it poses no threat. If you...

Building Homes or Extensions: Collar ties or beams, bruce e johnson, collar ties
bruce e johnson, collar ties, architectural applications: Hi Ross, try this website: http://www.sightlinesmn.com/system2.html The system you are talking about is basically a turnbuckle or toggle system. I have seen them used in architectural applications. If you have access to Sweets Catalogs (most libraries carry...

Building Homes or Extensions: Concrete Span for house, reinforced concrete beams, bruce e johnson
reinforced concrete beams, bruce e johnson, concrete span: Hi again Simon, a 25 foot span for a concrete beam isn t that overtly expensive and can easily be included in the cost of a dwelling. I would imagine a 12 wide by 36 deep beam with the proper reinforcement would suffice. I hope this information helps...

Building Homes or Extensions: Cutting a brick/cement block wall, cement block, lintel
cement block, lintel, lintels: Bary, you will need to create a lintel for each opening. I don t have my book handy, but the 48 hole will work with a 3x3x1/4 steeel lintel that is bearing at least 3 inches on each side of the opening, the bigger opening may require a heavier angle. Bothe...

Building Homes or Extensions: california drain, pier drilling, french drain
pier drilling, french drain, drywell: Mark, you got me. I do not know the name California drain. There are many things in the trades that use the term California, like a california corner, which eliminates one stud in a corner assembly. It usually implies cheaper and faster, probably from...

Building Homes or Extensions: cap top of concrete walls, bruce e johnson, mudsill
bruce e johnson, mudsill, bearing point: Hi terry, a single 2x8 mudsill is really all that is needed. I am assuming that the top of the masonry is filled solid and has a bond beam at that level. Everything will be bearing on the 2x8 in compression so unless you need to elevate the bearing point...

Building Homes or Extensions: cleaning sidewalks, bruce e johnson, mold and mildew
bruce e johnson, mold and mildew, high pressure cleaning: Hi Philip, for outdoor mold and mildew problems I like to use Clorox outdoor bleach. I use a mixing bottle that connects to a hose and fill it with the bleach and then spray it on the moldy areas, let it sit for a few minutes and then rinse it off. If I...

Building Homes or Extensions: concrete block foundation/leakage, wood frame walls, concrete block foundation
wood frame walls, concrete block foundation, insulation method: Hi lou, real brick houses were normally built as double wythe or triple wythe structures meaning either two or three layers of brick were put side by side to make up the wall. In double or single wythe construction the outermost layer of brick, the brick...

Building Homes or Extensions: concrete crack, concrete repair company, bruce e johnson
concrete repair company, bruce e johnson, soil compaction: Hi again Stachia, I m not an attorney but in most inspection instances regarding real estate it is the buyers responsibility to have the problems inspected and then present the seller with an estimate to have the problems repaired. A concrete restoration...

Building Homes or Extensions: concrete wall, hook size, right angles
hook size, right angles, lateral forces: Hi robert obusek, the hook size on your vertical steel coming out of the footing confuses me. If the wall is a retaining wall and there will be dirt or other forces behind it the bottom L of the rebar should be at right angles to the horizontal steel in the...

Building Homes or Extensions: concrete wall footer, bruce e johnson, unstable soil
bruce e johnson, unstable soil, perforated pipe: Hi don, A wall this size should probably be engineered if it is going to retain a lot of dirt and/or sits on unstable soil. However the footing is adequate under normal conditions as far as I am concerned. With the 12 wall I might want to make the footing...

Building Homes or Extensions: concreting sloping roof slab, figuring concrete, bruce e johnson
figuring concrete, bruce e johnson, cement ratio: Hi sree, water to cement ratio is generally figured in pounds in this country however using the metric scale has the same formula. Weight is the factor. For every pound of portland cement you should use somewhere around a 1/2 pound of water (.50), in your...

Building Homes or Extensions: DECK NEEDS TO BE LOWERED TO MEET Code, exterior sheathing, cement block
exterior sheathing, cement block, wall studs: Without seeing the deck, I can only offer some ideas. 9x12 is really not very large and probably does not weigh much more than a section of wall studs with exterior sheathing attached. These are often built flat on the deck and raised by a number of men...

Building Homes or Extensions: Deck Post Supported by Concrete Slab, bruce e johnson, concrete slab
bruce e johnson, concrete slab, deck configuration: Hi Steven, if the concrete slab is in decent condition then I would have no qualms about using it to support your new deck configuration. You can get Simpson post bases at most home improvement stores that are redheaded to the concrete and nailed or screwed...

Building Homes or Extensions: double wide walls separating, bruce e johnson, thick wall
bruce e johnson, thick wall, pilasters: Hi Michell, I can t think of any reason why there would be any separation between adjoining walls. I am trying to picture what you are talking about. The marriage walls are usually 2x2 s or flat 2x4 s and when combined make a 4-5 thick wall. The only reason...

Building Homes or Extensions: drywall plaster spider cracks, drywall plaster, bruce e johnson
drywall plaster, bruce e johnson, elastomeric paint: Hi Tracy, putting down a layer of mesh won t help that much. The mesh may keep the cracks from getting wider but they won t stop them. A couple of good coats of an elastomeric paint might work. The thick pliable paint will float over the cracks and keep...

Building Homes or Extensions: Earth berm on an existing house, earth berm, type of retaining wall
earth berm, type of retaining wall, bruce e johnson: Hi Cobey, I don t recall that particular question. But to answer yours. I suppose you can use tires for rip rap. I have never done that before but I have seen it done. I imagine this type of retaining wall will drain okay because of the gaps between the...

Building Homes or Extensions: Elevation of roof - ranch style home, bruce e johnson, stone veneer
bruce e johnson, stone veneer, mold problems: Hi again Winston, sending graphics from this website is impossible. But bonding a brick or stone face to a wall is a simple process. The wall tie is a strip of corrugated metal about eight inches long and one inch wide with pre drilled holes in it. You...

Building Homes or Extensions: Enclosing covered porch, cement slab, exterior patio
cement slab, exterior patio, moisture barrier: Cathy; The only thing that I would recommend is to contact someone who can provide you with the adequate size of lumber to us for the floor framing. Typically we would use:Floor joists set from 16 to 24 apart with 3/4 plywood to 2x6 Tongue & groove...

Building Homes or Extensions: extending a half wall, orange peel texture, bruce e johnson
orange peel texture, bruce e johnson, skip trowel: Hi KC, I will need to know how far the walls are from being flush and what walls you are talking about. The top par of the half wall isn t flush with the bottom half? and how much are they different? Also I will need to know what kind of texture is on the...

Building Homes or Extensions: extensions, right angles, luck dave
right angles, luck dave, stable foundation: Hi Donna, Yes, but there is a lot of extra work joining the 2 together. You will need to make sure that the new building is on a stable foundation so that the old and new are solidly joined. then the walls and roof will probably need special attention. Roof...

Building Homes or Extensions: Fibre concrete floor, floor joints, mr griffin
floor joints, mr griffin, garage floor: Ross, you want the columns separated from the slab with a full construction or isolation joint. It is sometimes more usual to have the column bases below grade on their own footings, but I would still create a diamond block out at each column. Floor joints...

Building Homes or Extensions: French Doors, french doors, double doors
french doors, double doors, please mail: Hi Kevin, If you are going to have only a 48 opening, the door will have to be custom made. and, if you re talking about real french (double) doors, they will be very narrow. On the other hand, that opening would give you room enough for a 36 wide door,...

Building Homes or Extensions: california drain, half pipe, pathway
Building Homes or Extensions: california drain, half pipe, pathway, storm sewer

Building Homes or Extensions: fanfold, contract lawyer, vinyl siding
contract lawyer, vinyl siding, luck dave: Hi Jack, Oops...Now I don t know what to tell you, Not having heard the whole conversation between you two. But, as I said earlier, if he charged you for the fanfold and didn t apply it, you cetainly have some rights! You could see a contract lawyer or...

Building Homes or Extensions: finishing a room, bruce e johnson, upstairs bedrooms
bruce e johnson, upstairs bedrooms, floor loading: Hi again Ed, it sounds like the structure was built with the intention of finishing this area off eventually. I wouldn t put a hot tub up there but a standard room finish? You bet. Say you weigh 200 pounds (just guessing) if you walk out onto the joists...

Building Homes or Extensions: floor load for whirlpool tub, Installing bathtub on the 2nd floor.
Installing bathtub on the 2nd floor.: Hello Rich; Being in the Remodeling Industry for a number of years, we have run across this issue a number of times. We normally contact a Structural Engineer, let them know the details of what were doing & ask them to provide the calculations needed for...

Building Homes or Extensions: footing casting, concrete construction magazine, reinforcement bar
concrete construction magazine, reinforcement bar, concrete quality: ahsanul, I really don t feel qualified to answer your question. It is standard practice to use neat grout when bonding a fresh concrete lift. The thing that worries me is that the new concrete lift was only 9 , I assume you are quite assured as to the concrete...

Building Homes or Extensions: framing, cumberland woodcraft, luck dave
cumberland woodcraft, luck dave, masterbath: Hi Sherry, A flying buttress is usually masonry and is built AWAY from the building with arched supports going from it to the building. Standard buttresses are built as an integral part of the wall ithey support. Are you talking about a corbel ? If...

Building Homes or Extensions: Garage attic storage space, roof trusses, attic storage
roof trusses, attic storage, luck dave: Hi Jon, Light storage is the key here... The manufacturer will say NO to this question, but the trusses are always over-engineered. So, use light weight sheathing, and if there is any chance you ll be storing anything heavy, add to the existing webbing.Best...

Building Homes or Extensions: Garage Header Replacement, screw jacks, concrete slab
screw jacks, concrete slab, roof framing: Denny, whereabouts? Edmond, Yukon, Moore, OKC? I live in OKC and work for PUtnam City School District. It doesn t sound like you are having any problems with shear bracing, but you might want ot look at this Simpson product: http://www.strongtie.com/products/strongwall/steel-strongwall/cfs.asp...

Building Homes or Extensions: Help with rim joist wrap, bruce e johnson, bottom rows
bruce e johnson, bottom rows, black rot: Hi Rob, If you only have a few soft spots in the joist and it is dry you can repair it with a product generally used by the boating industry call git-rot . It is a thin epoxy that can be injected into soft wood and it restores the cells by fortifying them...

Building Homes or Extensions: House out of square by 2", finished dimensions, luck dave
finished dimensions, luck dave, two walls: Hi Rich, I think you should always build anything square, that way you aren t creating any more problems than you already had. I agree that it probably won t show, but do it right anyway. Of course, depending on where the wall is out, the new rafters are...

Building Homes or Extensions: hanging shelving on metal studs, hollow wall anchors, french cleat
hollow wall anchors, french cleat, toggle bolts: The best answer would be to have wood backers installed in the studs before drywall where substantial loads will be installed. Apparently you are past that point. Is there any way to get into the wall above ceiling to get some wood backers behing the drywall?...

Building Homes or Extensions: header size for pavilion, header size, snow load
header size, snow load, pool area: Tammy- The required size of your header depends on the snow load in your area, the type of roofing that you are using, and the total roof width (16 plus overhangs). According to the 2006 IRC, 2-2x8 will be too small. Depending on the factors listed above,...

Building Homes or Extensions: home, remax realty, julie wright
remax realty, julie wright, executive club: I build precast homes that are hurricane resistant and super energy efficient. I am the only builder in 100 miles that build this product. Most of the other builders use concrete block but build cookie cutter homes in subdivisions. Below is the name of...

Building Homes or Extensions: Insulation, laundry room wall, ceiling joints
laundry room wall, ceiling joints, roofing nails: David, Ideally, your walls will: 1. Be built air-tight. This is often not achieved; leaks around windows, electrical boxes, at wall/ceiling joints, and other locations can be sources for major energy loss and points of condensation accumulation. ...

Building Homes or Extensions: install steel beam, gut wall, steel beam
gut wall, steel beam, dormer: Court, you are correct. YOu will need to provide sufficiaent shoring to carry all loads prior to removing the existing wall. This can be done by header and screw jacksor studs or flat plate and studs. With a flat plate you should keep the studs in direct...

Building Homes or Extensions: installing a ceilingq, drywall ceiling, double plates
drywall ceiling, double plates, ridge beam: Brian, there must be something more that is keeping these walls together. I can t see what would keep the double plates from spreading without ceiling joist members, but then it has not fallen down so far. Look very carefully at the line of the ridge beam...

Building Homes or Extensions: insulate horsehair plaster, bruce e johnson, horsehair plaster
bruce e johnson, horsehair plaster, liquid nails: Hi gale you can use the foam core insulation no problem. Glue it on to the wall with liquid nails. As you glue the insulation on try to mark where the studs in the wall are. When installing your drywall you will need long enough screws to go through the...

Building Homes or Extensions: insulation, rigid foam insulation, insulation tape
rigid foam insulation, insulation tape, clapboards: Yes, if you re not insulating, thats all you need...but putting new clapboards over old is not a great idea, youneed to remove the old ones or the cedar (or whatever) will look horrible. If you use vinyl, you don t need to remove the old siding. Dav...

Building Homes or Extensions: Lath and plaster, lath and plaster, five gallon buckets
lath and plaster, five gallon buckets, mud surface: Hi Twyla, depending on how rough the walls are you can skim coat the wall with drywall mud until you get the smoothness desired. This requires some skill but the beauty of drywall mud is that you can sand it smooth if you don t do that great of a job on...

Building Homes or Extensions: Leveling basement ceiling, bruce e johnson, ceiling joists
bruce e johnson, ceiling joists, drywall supply: Hi Jim, resilient channel is a Z shaped strip of metal 8-10 feet long. The top flat part of the Z is screwed to the ceiling joists. This leaves the bottom flat part of the Z to screw your drywall to. The flex in the bottom part of the Z is what helps straighten...

Building Homes or Extensions: laying stone for patio and knee wall, natural stone veneer, bruce e johnson
natural stone veneer, bruce e johnson, mortar mix: Hi again Tom, A cleat is merely a piece of 2x4 pt attached to the wall, preferably at a stud. Keep it small enough to be hidden behind the stringer but big enough to allow it to be attached solidly and provide enough backing to screw your stringer to. However...

Building Homes or Extensions: ledger boards on brick building, brick veneer, rim joist
brick veneer, rim joist, story brick: Gregory, there is no way for me to answer your quetion unless I know if this is truly a brick building or a wood framed building with brick veneer. If it is a multi wythe brick building, you can through drill and use all thread with washer plates. Epoxy...

Building Homes or Extensions: load bearing walls, load bearing wall, double wide mobile home
load bearing wall, double wide mobile home, load bearing walls: Elizabeth, I m sorry I am not very familiar with trailer construction. I assume each 1/2 is self supporting as they drive them down the highway, etc. The joining wall must have some bearing wall elements that transfer the loads to the footings somehow...

Building Homes or Extensions: Nail in truss, wood member, toe nail
wood member, toe nail, rafter: Hi Jim; Its my experience that most trusses have a real small bottom cord & thus makes it only possible to have accurate nailing (toe nail) through the (rafter) top portion,into the wall top plate. Most of the time it will crack some of the wood member...

Building Homes or Extensions: NEW TUB INSTALLATION, bathroom renovation, wall studs
bathroom renovation, wall studs, concrete board: Hi Gary, The only thing that might make a difference is what you have on the parts of the tub that are against the wall. If there is a large shelf you would want to go with option A so that the tile would be well out onto the tub. If there is NOT much...

Building Homes or Extensions: New Home Construction Labor/Material Ratio, new home construction, contractor bids
new home construction, contractor bids, construction labor: Good morning Jeff; I think that s one of the great MYTHS still going around! The cost of the materials is what it is. If you choose a more expensive tile that takes the same amount of time to install as the less expensive one, it doesn t cost you more...

Building Homes or Extensions: New window in existing stucco, flange type, vulcum
flange type, vulcum, stucco exterior: Hi Doug, the key to doing a job like this is to keep the damage to the stucco to a minimum. This means that when you cut your opening try not to overcut the corners. This may mean using a sawzall to clean up the corners. A good masonry cutting blade in...

Building Homes or Extensions: new & old concrete bonding in foundaion, continuous reinforcement, reinforcement bar
continuous reinforcement, reinforcement bar, column connections: Hi Ahsanul, unfortunately I don t like the idea of pouring a footing in multiple pours unless there is continuous reinforcement tying it together and even then it is a questionable procedure. Especially with the weight of a six story building sitting on it....

Building Homes or Extensions: Paving stones, gadren, luck dave
gadren, luck dave, paving stones: Hi Purvi, If the stones are porous, and I m sure they are... the mortar has penetrated the stones and you have a job on your hands. The best way is to use a muriatic acid solution and follow the instructions on the label. It will take a lot of rubbing/brushing...

Building Homes or Extensions: Post and Beam frame house underpenning, new footing, brick and mortar
new footing, brick and mortar, concrete slabs: Hi Kate, Yes you should have a vapor barrier under your house on top of the ground to keep moisture from getting up inside. When you pour your new footing pads underneath the posts should either be sitting on pressure treated wood or be made of pressure treated...

Building Homes or Extensions: pergola span, lag bolt, foot span
lag bolt, foot span, grape vines: Hi Leslie, the 2x6 beams are a little puny for this length of span. You can add a knee brace from each post up inside the sandwiched beam and decrease your span considerably and also give your structure bracing from side to side lateral forces such as wind...

Building Homes or Extensions: RC1 resilient channel, bruce e johnson, ceiling joists
bruce e johnson, ceiling joists, resilient channel: Hi Jim, shimming the r-channel is an option. If you have joists that are too high you can shim the channel to make up for the space. If the joist is too low you can butt the channel into the joist to take the hump out of the ceiling. That s what makes this...

Building Homes or Extensions: Replacing 2x12 Joist with Steel, bruce e johnson, floor joist
bruce e johnson, floor joist, liquid nails: Hi Jeff, depending on how the deck is built you might be able to just cut out the 2x12 up to the thickness of a 2x4 and then laminate a longer 2x4 alongside the remaining portion of the header without needing any further type of beam. A double 2x4 will span...

Building Homes or Extensions: ROOF JOIST, load bearing wall, roof sheathing
load bearing wall, roof sheathing, framing lumber: I think I would have let the material lap a bit more than 2 feet and/or have used a dryline or other straight edge to determine when the when the boards were in plane. All framing materials should be crowned - framing lumber is not necessarily staight, so...

Building Homes or Extensions: Roof to Stucco, bruce e johnson, stucco wall
bruce e johnson, stucco wall, wire lath: Hi Max, at this point you are better off screwing your new flashing to the wall and stuccoing over it or just screwing it to the wall and bulling over it with a good mastic depending on whether you can see the area in question from the ground or not. When...

Building Homes or Extensions: Roof trusses vs. rafter construction, rafter construction, bruce e johnson
rafter construction, bruce e johnson, rafter framing: Hi Daniel, trusses are overall generally less expensive than conventionally framed roofs for the following reasons: A conventional rafter framed roof requires much larger, more expensive, material. Most rafters will need to be at least 2x6 and in a lot...

Building Homes or Extensions: rafters, bruce e johnson, framing square
bruce e johnson, framing square, rafter: Hi Joe, your pitch would be 4 3/8 / 12 so those would be the two numbers you would set your framing square at for both your rafter end and your birds mouth. A birds mouth is really a short rafter angle cut and a ninety degree angle cut from that. To really...

Building Homes or Extensions: rEMOVAL OF 1973 MOBILE HOME, bruce e johnson, demolition company
bruce e johnson, demolition company, trash hauler: Hi Rebecca, if the mobile is in decent shape you might be able to find someone to take it off your hands however that is a pretty old model and just moving it will cost 500 dollars or more. For a price a demolition company will probably come out and break...

Building Homes or Extensions: re:concrete wall 8/14/2008, bruce e johnson, concrete wall
bruce e johnson, concrete wall, vertical rods: Hi again Robert, by all means you can build your wall with the footing offset to the back. As I mentioned in my last response, this is a common engineering practice and is called a counterfort footing meaning the footing is wider on one side to counteract...

Building Homes or Extensions: refurbishing a flat roof, epdm roofing, rubber roofing
epdm roofing, rubber roofing, paint sealer: Hi Jim, I would use rubber roofing. After stripping the old material off, check the sheathing. And go by the manufacturers reccomendation for underlay. Areal good site is flatroofsolutions.com its epdm roofing..I believe they cater to do it yourselfers....

Building Homes or Extensions: removing support post, clear span, ceiling beam
clear span, ceiling beam, structural engineer: javier, all things are possible, but sometimes not practical. YOu have posts/columns about 12 apart carrying some kind of beam overhead. The center beam would need to be replaced with a deep enough beam to carry its own weight plus the weight of thw overhead...

Building Homes or Extensions: roof trusses, erection drawings, roof trusses
erection drawings, roof trusses, odd space: Hi adam, what is this your homework for a builder s exam? When erecting trusses you should a. always read the truss document for each individual truss to determine uplift requirements, bearing points and proper truss orientation. b. review the paperwork...

Building Homes or Extensions: Second Story addition, bruce e johnson, bottom chord
bruce e johnson, bottom chord, structural engineer: Hi Robert, I have done this before. With careful planning and the right floor system it is definitely possible. The joists would have to be nailed (or screwed for less trauma)to the bottom chord of the trusses first to shore up the ceiling before cutting...

Building Homes or Extensions: Steel Beams vs. Wood, concrete block foundation, bruce e johnson
concrete block foundation, bruce e johnson, steel beams: Hi Dave and Mary, I m jealous. I love that area! My brother lives in Cave Junction, beautiful country! Anyhow, steel or wood? Both have their advantages and disadvantages. Steel can span longer distances with smaller dimensions so if you are limited on...

Building Homes or Extensions: Steel beam size, bruce e johnson, proper drainage
bruce e johnson, proper drainage, sump area: Hi David, the size of the steel beam kind of depends on the spacing of the columns that support it, a W8 beam can work for short spans up to ten feet, a w12 beam for spans twelve to sixteen feet. The weight of the beams should be determined by an engineer...

Building Homes or Extensions: Steel beams, bruce e johnson, garage door opener
bruce e johnson, garage door opener, steel beam: Hi Rudy, I have had beams made with holes in them for A/C ducts etc. The beams were made this way. We did not alter the beam on site. If the beam was altered on site then the structural steel company needs to know that the beam was altered. It will be...

Building Homes or Extensions: Support Beam, bruce e johnson, balloon frame
bruce e johnson, balloon frame, existing construction: Hi Connie, a 1X12 ledger? Are you sure it s not a 2 x 12? Plus I m not sure what you are asking. You want a beam but you don t want it to stick out past the ledger? If the ledger is only 1 thick then what you want is a beam 1 thick also? Is the existing...

Building Homes or Extensions: siding, stainless nails, window sills
stainless nails, window sills, cedar siding: Hey Robin, Sorry this is late...I was away for the weekend. The removed area of the rotten sill should first be replaced with a new piece of wood to wrap. (be sure to caulk any edges to keep water from entering behind the trim.) There is no way to make...

Building Homes or Extensions: soffets and facia, bruce e johnson, soffets
bruce e johnson, soffets, pressure treated wood: Hi Mike, we use Hardi almost exclusively anymore for soffits but we still use pressure treated wood for the fascia. I hope this information helps feel free to write again regarding this or other matters, sincerely bruce e johnson..bejohnsonconsulting.co...

Building Homes or Extensions: steel stud fastened to concrete, steel studs, steel stud
steel studs, steel stud, hammer drill: Patrick, go for it. As soon as the Ardex is dry to the touch you are ready to go. If you are even a little uncomfortable, you can use a 1/4 concrete bit and drill the plate with a hammer drill and use Powers or similar nailin anchors. Here is a picture...

Building Homes or Extensions: suspended concrete garage floor, bruce e johnson, thick slab
bruce e johnson, thick slab, lake lorraine: Hi Rafael, I am not a structural engineer so any of my comments are based solely on my experience and in no way reflect the actual formulae for determining a structural slab configuration. An engineer will have to make the final calculations and give you...

Building Homes or Extensions: T-111 for interior walls, offgas, indoor air quality
offgas, indoor air quality, interior walls: Tina, If you aren t especially chemically-sensitive, you will likely be fine. The offgassing is fairly extreme initially, and quickly tapers down to low levels. I suggest that you air the cabin out very well when you are away; leave several windows cracked...

Building Homes or Extensions: Truss construction, truss rafter, angle braces
truss rafter, angle braces, inch plywood: Curtis, are you asking me if you can have a simple triangle with no intermediate truss bracing? Simple answer - NO. It is the interaction between the top and bottom chords that give a truss its ability to funciton.. A one piece ceiling joist capable of...

Building Homes or Extensions: trailor room additions, bruce e johnson, east fork lake
bruce e johnson, east fork lake, room additions: Hi Bob, before I went through the time, money and effort to add two large rooms onto a trailer I would consider some alternatives. Either I would buy a large double or triple wide mobile to replace the existing one or do a modular home. Adding on to small...

Building Homes or Extensions: VINYL SIDING, bruce e johnson, free standing deck
bruce e johnson, free standing deck, vinyl siding: Hi Steve, sometimes you can split the difference and get the siding to appear lined up even though it isn t. In other words if your exposed siding is in 7 increments and your last two strips of siding only gives you 13 then you can make those two courses...

Building Homes or Extensions: Vinyl Siding, tin snips, framing square
tin snips, framing square, drain holes: Hi Acky, most vinyl siding comes with instructions but for the sake of this website I will try to answer your questions the best I can using a generic vinyl siding as a guide. 1. The best way to cut the siding is with a utility knife and a straight edge,...

Building Homes or Extensions: vinyl siding caulking, free energy audit, vinyl piece
free energy audit, vinyl piece, vinyl siding: It may not be the siding. It may be the areas around the windows, the doors, the eaves, and anywhere else. You should call your power company. Most of them will come in and do a free energy audit and tell you where you are having problems. They may be better...

Building Homes or Extensions: Wood and ceramic tile flooring and particle board, cement backer board, ceramic tile flooring
cement backer board, ceramic tile flooring, dense particle: Hi Jim, Ideally you should replace the particle board before placing the tile. As far as the wood goes, it may be ok to use because of the length of time it has been down and lack of humidity. You probably have done this already, but you need to think...

Building Homes or Extensions: 1950's Suspended Concrete Floor, hairline cracks, concrete beams
hairline cracks, concrete beams, scare stories: John, I am not familiar with this type of residential floor system. I have not ever heard any scare stories about it either. Concrete beams are subject to tension cracking in the bottom. They can have hairline cracks, get worried if there are lots of them...

Building Homes or Extensions: Adding a mud room, mud room, garage walls
mud room, garage walls, garage floor: NOrm, is the attached garage condiioned? YOu are adding interior conditioned space to the house. Code would suggest you remove the garage floor under your extension and create a footing tied well into the existing footing. Frame or pour this floor to function...

Building Homes or Extensions: adding a bumpout to a first floor room on a two story house, bruce e johnson, ceiling joists
bruce e johnson, ceiling joists, doug fir: Hi Larry, a beam to span 15 feet should probably be at least a 6x12 doug fir or southern yellow pine beam. I would have to see the way your home is constructed to figure out the work entailed installing such a beam. The house in that area would have to be...

Building Homes or Extensions: adding sheet insulation under vinyl siding, styrofoam insulation, fiberglass insulation
styrofoam insulation, fiberglass insulation, foam insulation: Hi Bob, Yes, any insulating you can do in these ridiculous economic times is a good idea!! If you re doing just the one wall, there is no problem with adding foil faced foam to the building before siding. however, use only one vapor barrier, otherwise you...

Building Homes or Extensions: attaching a ledger, attaching ledger to wall
attaching ledger to wall: Hello Jason; Do not cut the hardi siding to install the ledger. The reason not to, is because when you cut & remove the siding & install the ledger, this poses a great chance of water coming in through this area. The best way to install the ledger is...

Building Homes or Extensions: attaching open porch roof to built-up roof, bruce e johnson, porch roof
bruce e johnson, porch roof, open porch: Hi martin, not sure where you can access designs related to your project, try this link (http://www.coolhouseplans.com/links.html?searchCategory=Porches) however it is a simple process to build a roof structure like this. Plus you might need a building permit...

Building Homes or Extensions: Basement painting, fiberglass insulation, basement ceiling
fiberglass insulation, basement ceiling, basement walls: Leslie, Painting a ceiling black is a very aggressive design move! It will certainly make the space feel darker and smaller. If you are looking for a grotto feel - cozy, cavelike - this may be good for you. In most basements, this would feel confining...

Building Homes or Extensions: Bottom Plate, bruce e johnson, bottom plate
bruce e johnson, bottom plate, foundation walls: Hi Valerie, yes the wood should be pressure treated or minimally set on top of a strip of metal flashing or thick felt paper.I hope this information helps feel free to write again regarding this or other matters, sincerely bruce e johnson..bejohnsonconsulting.co...

Building Homes or Extensions: BUILDING A NEW HAWAIIAN TROJAN HOME, monolithic slab foundation, concrete slab foundation
monolithic slab foundation, concrete slab foundation, slab foundations: Hi Mary, I personally prefer a concrete slab foundation as opposed to a post and beam crawlspace. Even in a crawlspace I recommend a vapor barrier and termite treatment. As far as mold etc. goes. If a crawlspace is vented properly it should circulate enough...

Building Homes or Extensions: Building a Circle Type Home, floor sheathing, floor joists
floor sheathing, floor joists, floor trusses: HI Bob, I don t know why your design wouldn t be stable. If you have ever seen a castle with a round turret you can see that it must be stable, most of the those buildings have been around for centuries. In fact a circular building is naturally more stable...

Building Homes or Extensions: best wall to build flush with edge of 11' deep patio, foundation insulation, termite treatment
foundation insulation, termite treatment, side porch: Santiage, this is quite a letter. There is a difference between damp proofing and water proofing. If this was brand new work, here is the recipe for successful damp proofing of a basement.Install a drainage pipe at the bottom of the footing well below...

Building Homes or Extensions: block wall, bruce e johnson, sanding sponge
bruce e johnson, sanding sponge, wet sanding: Hi Chris, I have done this before and it works fine. You might want to take some 80 grit sand paper and rough the painted surface up a bit to improve adhesion but other than that it is a simple procedure. Put your skim coats on in a couple of layers. Let...

Building Homes or Extensions: brick stair repair, hairline cracks, bruce e johnson
hairline cracks, bruce e johnson, mortar joints: hi again ali, mortar can normally be sealed with siloxane based sealers after curing 3 days. As far as the compatibility with caulking? You might want to have him lay down a bead of the brand caulking he plans on using and let it cure for a day or two and...

Building Homes or Extensions: building a covered patio, bruce e johnson, concrete footing
bruce e johnson, concrete footing, minimum pitch: Hi again Jimmy, the thicker the beam doesn t necessarily make it capable of this length of span. Remember, it has to be able to hold up its own weight. You might try contacting a truss manufacturer and see what kind of composite beams they have that are capable...

Building Homes or Extensions: building a porch, Building a deck over concrete
Building a deck over concrete: Hi Margaret; Well congratulations on your move to beautiful Denver Colorado. GO BRONCOS!!! Theres a few things that can be done to do what you want to do. If your concrete slab is approx 4-7 lower than your door, you can use pressure treated lumber to...

Building Homes or Extensions: Closing in a Porch, wood studs, concrete slab
wood studs, concrete slab, wall insulation: Correct. Keep in mind, the A/C unit may be too small to handle the extra space. You may have to enlarge the eir handler or compressor depending where you live. If Florida, you almost always need to install larger component. Don t forget wall insulation. If...

Building Homes or Extensions: Column Starters and other questions??, mason sand, concrete footing
mason sand, concrete footing, playground sand: Hi again Makhzumi, So when you are referring to starters you refer to the grout (cement mixture) that fills in the void between the bottom of the column and the plinth or footing after the column is set and leveled. Thanks for that. I ve never heard that...

Building Homes or Extensions: Concrete block construction and moisture, concrete block construction, vent pipes
concrete block construction, vent pipes, cement block: Michele, water is getting into the exterior block somewhere, This could be rain, potable water, or drain water. The water source needs to be found and dealt with. Get things dried out, keep the inside open to be able to watch for water. Use a garden hose...

Building Homes or Extensions: Concrete in heavy rain, hydraulic concrete, post holes
hydraulic concrete, post holes, portland cement: Nat, sounds like you re going to get wet. Digging the post holes will be muddy and nasty. If you are asking if the concrete will set up, no problem. Even if the hole has water in it, the concrete will force the water to the top of the hole. Portland cement...

Building Homes or Extensions: Concrete slabs separating, brick walkway, bruce e johnson
brick walkway, bruce e johnson, mortar mix: Hi Drew, you didn t say what size the piece of concrete was that you replaced and whether or not you mud set the pavers or sand set them on top of the concrete. If they are sand set you can pull them up from the sunken area and float the area level again...

Building Homes or Extensions: Converting a Front Porch to Formal Entry, wafer board, exterior sheathing
wafer board, exterior sheathing, new porch: Eric, this looks doable. Check with your local building department about the need to get a permit. 2x4 walls fastened to the concrete with Tapcons, Nailins, 16d nails in a predrilled hole with wire. I would use wafer board for exterior sheathing covered...

Building Homes or Extensions: Converting a shed, Converting shed
Converting shed: Hello Kurtis; Great way to add a nice space on a budget! OK, I m going to go down your list 1 by 1. 1. I would install the insulation right between the rafters, face down. This isnt a livable space so I wouldn t concern myself with the ventilation...

Building Homes or Extensions: Crawl space below grade, hardi board, bruce e johnson
hardi board, bruce e johnson, water intrusion: Hi Patrick, talk about dejavu, I had almost an identical question a few months ago. I recommend using mortar when laying your foundation block mainly because it gives them strength and it gives you a way to level everything up as you go. I like to use...

Building Homes or Extensions: Creating a master suite from an existing storage space, scope of work, peoples names
scope of work, peoples names, good resources: Hello Chris; The number 1 greatest thing to do is Interview each Contractor you would conside working with. Make sure that they provide you with local peoples names & numers for you to ge see their work & speak with the. Detailed scope of work, that includes...

Building Homes or Extensions: celing beam, simpson strongtie, bruce e johnson
simpson strongtie, bruce e johnson, load bearing wall: Hi Mary, you can probably get a glue lam beam or LVL to make that span in a 4x10 or 12, or in LVL 3 1/2 x 9 or 11. Contact your local truss company or timber manufacturer and they can design the beam to meet your requirements. Simpson makes some good wood...

Building Homes or Extensions: cladding, concrete masonry units, brick veneer
concrete masonry units, brick veneer, bruce e johnson: Hi again Winston, if it is a veneer then you might not need any footing. If your exsiting foundation has a four to six inch lip on it then you can use that. A lot of the cultured veneers can be attached directly to the wall with mastic thus the wall structure...

Building Homes or Extensions: concrete, concrete person, cement work
concrete person, cement work, fly ash: Jason, I assume we are talking about conventional grey Portland cement work, not stained or integrally colored concrete. I also assume you still feel like the color diffrerence is substantial now in September after being poured in February. I ve not ever...

Building Homes or Extensions: concrete porch slab & steps - repairing pour, brick pillars, bruce e johnson
brick pillars, bruce e johnson, drain spout: Hi again Marlene, if this is the contractor that originally did the work then you are probably lucky that it took only three weeks. It is a different story when someone is doing a new job for new money, they can get it scheduled, bing bang boom, in and out...

Building Homes or Extensions: crawl space to basement dealign with venting & moisture, bruce e johnson, natural circulation
bruce e johnson, natural circulation, visqueen: He merdith weiss, venting will not be a problem because the basement is now part of the house so the natural circulation in the house itself (provided you duct a/c and heat into the basement) will provide all the venting you will need. As far as keeping moisture...

Building Homes or Extensions: cutting a opening in weight supporting wall, bruce e johnson, support plumbing
bruce e johnson, support plumbing, roof trusses: Hi ralph, basically you have to shore up the roof trusses or rafters that bear on the wall in question and then install a big enough header or beam to support the size opening you want. Remember the longer the span the bigger the beam. As a rule of thumb...

Building Homes or Extensions: Door Headers, laminated wood beams, bruce e johnson
laminated wood beams, bruce e johnson, load bearing wall: Hi again Bill, each lvl manufacturer has slightly different numbers for their beams..try this link..it is pretty extensive but it is also in metrics so you will need to convert. Calling a truss company who sells the lvl beams can give you the info you need...

Building Homes or Extensions: Drywall orientation, horizontal joints, butt joints
horizontal joints, butt joints, vertical orientation: Hi Jim, Yes, the vertical joints were more easily seen when looking along the walls, where the horizontal joints are below most eye levels and less likely to be seen. Also, when applying it horizontally, you can use less total sheets (12 long for less...

Building Homes or Extensions: decking screws, bruce e johnson, rim joist
bruce e johnson, rim joist, framing a wall: Hi again Dave, if you are talking about just a low spot in the concrete here or there the joists you are using should span close to a meter without the need for additional support. Otherwise a tapered shim can be used to fill in the gap. Where I live I can...

Building Homes or Extensions: Put dry wall on ceiling in the basement, bruce e johnson, moisture accumulation
bruce e johnson, moisture accumulation, drywalling: Hi JZ, I don t see any reason why you can t. As long as the ducts don t show signs of moisture accumulation on them. If the ducts are wet or get wet occasionally and don t have insulation on them, then you might want to insulate them before drywalling over...

Building Homes or Extensions: Put dry wall on ceiling in the basement, bottom of the floor, floor joists
bottom of the floor, floor joists, duct work: JZ, yes you can nail drywall directly to the bottom of the floor joists. The long dimension of the drywall should go across the joists, not the same direction as the joists. I do not understand what you are asking me about the HVAC grilles. I assume they...

Building Homes or Extensions: drywall, expansion joints, wood beam
expansion joints, wood beam, thicknesses: Melissa, I don t quite understand what you mean. It sounds like you have some very heavy joint compound built up on either some walls or on the beam. It is so heavy, it breaks away in chuncks. Remove the heavy compound. Drwall comes in 1/4, 3/8, 1/2,...

Building Homes or Extensions: durock planter, weed wackers, bruce e johnson
weed wackers, bruce e johnson, lawn man: Hi monika, the Durock itself is a good product and can be used in wet conditions interior or exterior. My only comment to you would be, how are you going to hold the planter together? The Durock still needs some kind of framework to be attached to. It is...

Building Homes or Extensions: Extension of concrete slab, bruce e johnson, concrete drill
bruce e johnson, concrete drill, slab floor: Hi Maktzumi, drilling into the existing slab with a 3/4 concrete drill bit at least 6 and inserting a piece of 5/8 rebar one foot long and using epoxy to bond it in place will work fine. Do this every two feet and then lay a bar of #4 steel across these...

Building Homes or Extensions: Finishing out Hardiboard in a Bathroom, clay plaster, tile board
clay plaster, tile board, hardiboard: Shirley, I m sorry to hear about your disappearing contractor. Generally, hardiboard is installed as tile backer, only in locations that will be tiled. Green drywall is often used in bathroom areas that will be painted. If you don t want to put tile...

Building Homes or Extensions: 1950's Suspended Concrete Floor, radiant floor, bottoms
Building Homes or Extensions: 1950's Suspended Concrete Floor, radiant floor, bottoms, insulation

Building Homes or Extensions: Basement painting, basement ceiling, ceramic tile
Building Homes or Extensions: Basement painting, basement ceiling, ceramic tile, table lamps

Building Homes or Extensions: Recipe for Mortar used in old builidings, portland cement, mortar
Building Homes or Extensions: Recipe for Mortar used in old builidings, portland cement, mortar, lime

Building Homes or Extensions: finishing basement..., finishing basements, drywall products
finishing basements, drywall products, basement leaks: Mike, finishing basements is problematic. I beleive in planning on when the basement leaks, not if. You already know that your basement takes on some moisture. It would be best to solve the moisture trouble before finishing the basdement. I believe in...

Building Homes or Extensions: flooding, cinder block walls, bruce e johnson
cinder block walls, bruce e johnson, cinder blocks: Hi April, you could have a house mover come out and see what it would take to raise the barn and pour a new elevated floor under it. They are experts in picking buildings up and setting them back down again. Without knowing how your barn is constructed I...

Building Homes or Extensions: Garage storage, roof trusses, bottom chord
roof trusses, bottom chord, garage storage: Hello Jon; Yes,roof trusses on the interior of your home are designed the same way as your garage & the interior trusses carry A/C units & other items. They also have plywood walking areas from your crawl hole to the A/C platform. I would say sure, go ahead...

Building Homes or Extensions: home extention, foundation footings, slab construction
foundation footings, slab construction, home extention: Janine, A full basement is not necessary; other options include piers (open below), crawlspace, or slab construction. The foundation/footings will need to go below the frost line; for this reason, in very cold climates homeowners often choose to include...

Building Homes or Extensions: Install 6 foot exterior french door in brick wall, load bearing wall, whole brick
load bearing wall, whole brick, filler king: Lee, The lintel needs to bear a minimum of 3 on each side of the opening. Slipping the lintel into the existing mortar line will work, the problem is wrestling into location from the inside. Look at any existing window or door in a brick home to see...

Building Homes or Extensions: Insulating concrete block, new heating system, rigid foam board, woodburning stoves
rigid foam board, woodburning stoves, insulation value: Hi Suzette, first of all I would like to address your heating and cooling concerns. You mentioned window A/C units, why not use a reverse cycle window unit or a heat/cool unit? This way the A/C unit can do both functions. As far as insulation goes, some...

Building Homes or Extensions: insulation in older homes, steam piping, ceiling insulation
steam piping, ceiling insulation, wall insulation: Hi Jenny, back during the Great Depression people used pretty much anything they could find for insulation. Horse hair was plentiful from tannerys and was used in some areas for insulation and may contain arsenic from the tanning solutions used to remove...

Building Homes or Extensions: kitchen extensions, sun room additions, brick siding
sun room additions, brick siding, local lumber yards: Hi Grace, The comparative cost between the two would probably be significant as would the time. Nearly all sun-room additions are pre paneled or pre fabricated and take much less time to install. They are also less expensive. On the other hand the on site...

Building Homes or Extensions: Leaking Enclosed Porch, bruce e johnson, concrete floor
bruce e johnson, concrete floor, caulk: Hi Debbie and Steve, Silicon is not a good caulk for this application. For one thing unless the slab and the wood are completely dry silicon will not bond. When the walls were framed was there a bead of caulking under the wall also? And why is water getting...

Building Homes or Extensions: laminated beam, bruce e johnson, laminated beam
bruce e johnson, laminated beam, lumber yard: Hi Brian, I imagine a double 1 3/4X 14 LVL would work at a cost of around 8-10 dollars a foot apiece. Contact your local truss manufacturing company or commercial lumber yard for more specifics. I like the truss manufacturers because they usually have engineers...

Building Homes or Extensions: load bearing walls, bruce e johnson, load bearing wall
bruce e johnson, load bearing wall, intermediate cuts: Hi Daniel, I guess I need more information. Stone or masonry is fairly self supporting if installed properly. You might not have to do much but remove the stone required or cut out the opening. Forty inches thick implies that this in not an ordinary wall....

Building Homes or Extensions: Marriage wall opening, bruce e johnson, bearing wall
bruce e johnson, bearing wall, steel bands: Hi Anthony, I don t see why you can t remove the bands and trim down the studs. The bands are there to keep the studs from pulling apart and buckling because they are turned sideways. So as long as you replace them you should be okay. It is also possible...

Building Homes or Extensions: mobile home addition, bruce e johnson, floating slab
bruce e johnson, floating slab, roof pitch: Hi renee, basically you can remove up to the bottom of the existing mobile s roof truss/ceiling joist. You may need an engineer to determine if the gable end truss will have to be supported somehow with the removal of all or part of that end wall. Obviously...

Building Homes or Extensions: a moisture problem, granite countertop, de humidifier
granite countertop, de humidifier, sticky days: Hi again, I wish I could be there, I think if I could look and ask at the same time it would be revealed. Anyway, ask the contractor (if there was one ) to come back and see if he can help figure it out. If not, see if there is a heating/cooling professional...

Building Homes or Extensions: movement of concrete steps, bruce e johnson, wood railing
bruce e johnson, wood railing, front porch: Hi Carol, you can probably patch the gap caused by the separation and fix the railing. But to really repair it properly the steps need to be torn out and redone. To patch the gap you can get some grout or mortar and fill it in. To fix the railing, depending...

Building Homes or Extensions: new construction, bruce e johnson, collar ties
bruce e johnson, collar ties, drywall ceiling: Hi Al, if you have a substantial ridge beam or maybe a heavy LVL ridge board that is well supported you don t really need a collar tie with a 12/12 pitch. You can buy steel connectors to tie the rafters together also. If the rafters are self supporting without...

Building Homes or Extensions: Patio, stone walkway, gravel path
stone walkway, gravel path, contract writing: George, good paver work requires establishing very well compacted select granular fill that is graded to the finish profile at subgrade depth. If the subgrade has dips or high spots, the finish pavers will have them also. If your gravel walk has no border...

Building Homes or Extensions: patio header spans & rafters, rafter tables, bruce e johnson
rafter tables, bruce e johnson, span tables: Hi Kevin, I m sorry I thought you got both of my email answers. I guess when I sent you the link to the rafter tables my first email got deleted. Anyways: The header size you suggest 8x8 is a bit puny for a 20 span. An 8x12 would probably be more like it....

Building Homes or Extensions: porch roof truss, porch roof, covered porch
porch roof, covered porch, onsite inspection: Hello R. Ross; There is a way to alter the truss. What you need to do is contact a Structural Engineer in your local area & inform them of what you are wantiing to do. They should be a ble to give you an estimate over the phone for them to do an onsite...

Building Homes or Extensions: Quantity estimation??, concrete slab, cubic volume
concrete slab, cubic volume, cubic measure: Makhzumi, concrete is a mixture of cement, stone, and sand. Concrete is measured and estimated based on cubic volume. The proportions of cement, atone, and sand vary depending on ultimate strength and other properties desired. In the US we would use the...

Building Homes or Extensions: Raising a house, bruce e johnson, orange county ny
bruce e johnson, orange county ny, masonry contractor: Hi Jane, look up house moving companies on line. There are some very professional movers in NY that travel most of the state and can do a seamless lift and your friend can be sitting high and dry in no time. She will still need to hire a concrete or masonry...

Building Homes or Extensions: Raising the roof for 2nd story, light gauge metal, rafter tails
light gauge metal, rafter tails, cedar shingles: Hi Ivy, have you considered installing dormers? By installing dormers you can just cut a big hole in the existing roof and frame up some walls and then put a small roof system on the dormer. As far as fire rating goes you can get the cedar shingles treated...

Building Homes or Extensions: Recipe for Mortar used in old builidings, lime mortar, masonry contractor
lime mortar, masonry contractor, brownstone buildings: Panos, the color of mortar is very subject to the sand that is used, what is more critical is the compressive strength of the mortar. If you use any of todays Portland based mortars you may well destroy the bricks. You need some professional advice, but...

Building Homes or Extensions: Room Addition, please mail, luck dave
please mail, luck dave, basement window: Hi Stacy, Yes, if it is built correctly, it will support the addition. You could use pre-cast piers and bury them 4 in the ground, or pour your own with tubes. The room won t be cold if you insulate well. Use some 2 x2 ledgers on either side of the joists...

Building Homes or Extensions: how to re-seal a concrete driveway, technical datasheets, concrete stains
technical datasheets, concrete stains, acrylic sealer: There sure is a bunch of different chemistry in concrete stains and sealers. It is best, just as in woodworking, not to mix chemistry families. If you have any way to contact the installer to find out brand and type it would sure make it easier to stay compatible....

Building Homes or Extensions: reaction of caulking to siloxane, bruce e johnson, caulking
bruce e johnson, caulking, sealant: Hi again ali, the urethane caulks are pretty compatible with most products. Generally speaking when using caulking of any sort it is best done after the sealant rather than before. If your mason has used a product with the siloxane then he might know if...

Building Homes or Extensions: repairing water leakage in sheetrock ceiling, coat texture, beadboard
coat texture, beadboard, textured ceiling: Dora, I would not put a wood/flammable product on ceilings by choice. If the tape joints of the original drywall never failed, things didn t get very wet. If it were mine, I would skim coat, texture, and paint. It will be problematic having sheet goods...

Building Homes or Extensions: replacing a load bearing wall, load bearing wall, bruce e johnson
load bearing wall, bruce e johnson, roof joist: Hi jim, a bearing wall carries the weight continuously over its length. This means that if you remove it you need to replace it with something that is just as long to bear that weight. In other words you need to add a beam and then support that beam with...

Building Homes or Extensions: roofs, roof slope, roof pitch
roof slope, roof pitch, rafter length: Thomas, heres a simple formula for figuring out the rafter length. Example: 4 on 12 roof pitch that will span 23 -2 with a 12 overhang. How do you calculate the overall rafter length. To calculate rafter length, divide the span by 2 and add...

Building Homes or Extensions: room extension, bruce e johnson, roof rafters
bruce e johnson, roof rafters, simpson clips: Hi again Martin, yes unreinforced concrete would be fine. If you are doing it from bagged goods and you can get the fiber reinforced mix that would be even better. 4x4 posts will work fine but the beam stil needs to be 4x8..I hope this information helps...

Building Homes or Extensions: root cellar concrete roof, bruce e johnson, thick slab
bruce e johnson, thick slab, cinder block: Hi Dag, I m not sure if there is a website that has this information. But from experience I would say at least a 6 thick slab with #5 rebar at 12 on center 3/4 up from the bottom of the slab and #3 rebar at 16 on center down 1 1/2 from the top of the...

Building Homes or Extensions: Second Story Egress, bucks county pennsylvania, bensalem pa
bucks county pennsylvania, bensalem pa, personal dispute: Hi Dave, first of all, I am not an attorney so any comments I will make are based solely on my own personal knowledge and should not be taken as legal advice. Egress requirements in residential homes is oftentimes not necessary or demanded by building codes....

Building Homes or Extensions: Sun room foundation, marine grade plywood, rim joist
marine grade plywood, rim joist, bruce e johnson: Hi Peter, Yes, this has been done before. If the floor panels can be removed and the remaining rim joist is pressure treated wood then go for it. Be sure to put at least a six mil. visqueen vapor barrier down underneath the slab to hopefully prevent the...

Building Homes or Extensions: stucco, fiberglass mesh, scratch coat
fiberglass mesh, scratch coat, plastic mesh: Jim, You are correct that a lathe is fixed to the backboard to allow bonding and a key for the stucco or render. Depending on the specification it can be wire galvanised lathe ,plastic mesh or as you have described fibreglass mesh. Specification and...

Building Homes or Extensions: Wall support versus Windows together, living room designs, framing techniques
living room designs, framing techniques, stylish family: Kristen, With modern framing techniques, very large open spans are possible -- in fact, with the right headers there is practically no limit to the size of your ganged windows. The limiting factor to your window size will probably not be structure, but...

Building Homes or Extensions: Waterproofing exterior real stucco that has been painted, elastomeric paint, bruce e johnson
elastomeric paint, bruce e johnson, exterior paint: Hi Stephen, A good elastomeric paint should work provided it is applied properly. Any good exterior paint should really work as long as enough of it is put on. Sherwin Williams has a neat little gauge you can use to determine the thickness of paint as it...

Building Homes or Extensions: Wind speed and window selection., bruce e johnson, wind loading
bruce e johnson, wind loading, florida building code: Hi Larry, you don t need a book to intrepet window construction. Florida building code requires that the window manufacturers state right on the window or in the window specifications what the wind loading for that window is and how it is to be installed...

Building Homes or Extensions: water seeping, pet peave, slab floor
pet peave, slab floor, flower beds: You can excavate to the joint between the footing and the exterior finish material. I assume it is brick. I want to guess the water is not coming in through or under the footing unless you have a very high water table and ponding water on the outside. ...

Building Homes or Extensions: waterproof exterior stucco, exterior stucco, stucco work
exterior stucco, stucco work, latex product: The best real stucco work is usually not painted. If yours has been painted, you probably need to stay in the paint approach. I have had good luck sealing exterior finishes by using elastomeric paint. It is a latex product, easy to apply, quite water proof,...

Building Homes or Extensions: waterproofing exteior real stucco, paint store, sherwin williams
paint store, sherwin williams, exterior walls: O.K. I would go to your best local paint store, like Sherwin Williams and tell them what you used for paint and what you want to do. They will have the best product for the job. I realize I haven t actually answered your question, but they surely will...

Building Homes or Extensions: 12./12 pitch roof, bruce e johnson, rope connection
bruce e johnson, rope connection, pitch roof: Hi alfred, A good harness is a must. They can be purchased for 30-60 dollars from any building supply store. Here are some examples at the following website. http://www.snugharness.com/Harnesses/Universal-Harnesses/ Once you have the harness you can...

Building Homes or Extensions: 2nd floor addition - flooring issues, wood laminate floor, floor joists
wood laminate floor, floor joists, support beams: Hi Jarid, the support posts are not the problem. Apparently the span of your joists between support beams is too great for the size of the joist.. If possible you may need to add an intermediate support beam to cut the span of the joists in half. You didn...

Building Homes or Extensions: Adding 2nd story, reputable contractor, story addition
reputable contractor, story addition, exterior walls: Hello Mary; Every building has a foundation generally, even a garage. The garages foundation is under where the exterior walls are. Thats called a footing. Yes you can build a 2nd story addition over the top of the garage, however you will need some...

Building Homes or Extensions: Addition on Modular home, bruce e johnson, proper elements
bruce e johnson, proper elements, own foundation: Hi Jenn, I guess the only people that can answer that question is your local building department. I can t think of any reason why you can t add on to the modular. The reasoning behind your deck may have had to do with the fact that the existing structure...

Building Homes or Extensions: Addition/Remodel, cement stucco, brick veneer
cement stucco, brick veneer, double shotgun: Samantha, You are describing an ambitious project, and I m glad that you will be working with an architect/designer at the appropriate time. In the meantime, I recommend that you do your best to define your budget, and prioritize your needs, both functionally...

Building Homes or Extensions: Apartment in Barn, pouring a slab, spread gravel
pouring a slab, spread gravel, hay loft: Dear Thomas, You are at an exciting time in your life, and I remember it well! What you might want to keep in mind is that sometimes what you intend to be temporary dwelling turns out to be your home for a while. It s hard to advise specifically on the...

Building Homes or Extensions: Atrium support, foot span, stair layout
foot span, stair layout, floor structure: Hi Keith, chances are that the post and beam you are describing have nothing to do with the atrium style of your home but have everything to do with supporting the floor structure above. Beams in basements hold up the floor joists, columns hold up the beams....

Building Homes or Extensions: Attic storage/ insulation, blown insulation, roof truss
blown insulation, roof truss, attic storage: It is hard for me to picture the area in question. If the trusses were not designed originally for storage, there may be a problem. You could probably get by with light items like Christmas decorations, or such, but anything with any weight should not be stored...

Building Homes or Extensions: add on, sliding glass, master bedroom
sliding glass, master bedroom, vent: Hello Jennifer; The cost will vary depending on the contractor you use. I would suggest contacting 3 contractors & having them come out to show them what you are wanting to do. This will provide you with a more acurate cost for your project as construction...

Building Homes or Extensions: adding a 2nd story on a 1943 pier and beam house, pier and beam foundations, pier and beam foundation
pier and beam foundations, pier and beam foundation, pier and beam: Dear Esther, I think the previous question was whether a 2-story addition could be built alongside an older pier and beam house. I recommend that any addition be made so that it has its own foundation and that the new structure can act somewhat independently...

Building Homes or Extensions: adding a garage side door, adding a garage, additional engineering
adding a garage, additional engineering, plan revision: Yes, it is often done for future door placements. The problem may be that, in your area, you may have to submit a plan revision since it is a structural change, and the builder does not want to delay construction or go through the process. It may require additional...

Building Homes or Extensions: addition foundation, excavation area, pressure treated lumber
excavation area, pressure treated lumber, question thanks: Hi Joe, Yes, you re right, and if your close to the ground you may want to use pressure treated lumber.......... That close to the ground, you could do it without a pump truck (saving 6-8 hundred dollars) just have a piece of plywood for the concrete to...

Building Homes or Extensions: attic flooring and blown insulation, blown insulation, roof truss
blown insulation, roof truss, complicated question: It is hard for me to picture the area in question. If the trusses were not designed originally for storage, there may be a problem. You could probably get by with light items like Christmas decorations, or such, but anything with any weight should not be stored...

Building Homes or Extensions: attic insulation, bruce e johnson, ceiling insulation
bruce e johnson, ceiling insulation, attic insulation: Hi again Carol, a vapor barrier is generally not needed in the ceiling. If you insulate with a foil or paper backed fiberglass batt then put the foil or paper toward the living area but overall a vapor barrier is not necessary. I doubt if the house has a...

Building Homes or Extensions: Basement finishing, insulation, vapor barrier, insulation vapor barrier, inch gap
insulation vapor barrier, inch gap, air gap: Hi again Dan, do this, take some strips of the wall insulation you are using and plug the gap with that. It will seal the gap and yet be porous enough to allow for any minute traces of moisture to escape should it become trapped behind the wall.I hope this...

Building Homes or Extensions: Blueprints, title sheets, plot plans
title sheets, plot plans, plot plan: Dear Claude, Site plans are normally called Plot Plans in the old vernacular of blueprints. Look for the key to the blueprint package, usually in one of the title sheets, which should give you the page you re seeking if it is in there. Each architect...

Building Homes or Extensions: Brick House Backerboard?, bruce e johnson, backer board
bruce e johnson, backer board, brick facade: Hi Patrick, I m not sure what that material is, possibly denny board. Denny board was made of fibers and impregnated with some sort of tar. If that s the case it was kind of water resistant way back when. The problem with flooding is that with the water...

Building Homes or Extensions: Brick house "cracking" noise, bruce e johnson, brick mortar
bruce e johnson, brick mortar, brick house: Hi Kevin, the cracking sound you hear is probably related to the wood part of the structure. Either the roof system or any internal framing may be the culprit. Materials expand and contract differently. Wood will expand/contract more quickly than brick...

Building Homes or Extensions: Build a roof patio attach to house, shingle roofing, new porch
shingle roofing, new porch, new home builder: This is outside my area. I am a new home builder. There are lots of folks on the panel that can help. The first step is to draw engineered plans to make sure the project is done safely and to building codes in your area. For example, if the footers in the...

Building Homes or Extensions: Building a second floor over an existing old house, structural engineer, exact answer
structural engineer, exact answer, slab: Hello Robert; Well, it s impossible for me to get you an exact answer. The answer I always give is Yes, anything is possible. The problem with that is, theres always a catch & something will need to be done for you to add an additional floor. I would...

Building Homes or Extensions: beams, bruce e johnson, concrete basement
bruce e johnson, concrete basement, truss manufacturer: Hi Ray, I m sorry but I really don t understand what you want to do here. 2x8 s no matter how many you nail together are not the best beam material the span will eventually sag. 16 is a good span and a wood beam about the size of a 6x12 would be needed....

Building Homes or Extensions: What has a better R-value existing blackboard or OSB flakeboard, osb plywood, tyvek
osb plywood, tyvek, blackboard: Hi Johnny, First, neither product has an R rating that amounts to much. I suppose the blackboard is a tiny bit better, and the OSB is a lot stronger. Tyvek would be a better wrap, as foil will oxidize with the presence of the least amount of moisture...

Building Homes or Extensions: block house, north central pennsylvania, bruce e johnson
north central pennsylvania, bruce e johnson, masonry block: Hi Lisa, many home insulation contractors offer foam core injection for masonry block homes. Your best bet is to start calling those in the yellow pages and find one that does. They drill through the stucco from the outside, inject this foam that expands...

Building Homes or Extensions: breezeway, pitch roof, mail info
pitch roof, mail info, e mail: Chris, Without seeing the actual configuration of your buildings I can t correctly visualize what we are dealing with. I need photos and additional information such as the distance between the two buildings, which way the roofs pitch, etc. You are welcome...

Building Homes or Extensions: brick ledge, brick veneer, wood stud
brick veneer, wood stud, stud wall: Dear Tony, For a brick veneer, the ledge needs to be the thickness of the brick, plus one inch to allow room for the mortar to squeeze out freely on the other side. S, for most brick, you are looking at a 4-5/8 ledge. There are several ways of constructing...

Building Homes or Extensions: build wooden second story oo brick garage, bruce e johnson, bachelor apartment
bruce e johnson, bachelor apartment, cost effective solution: Hi Sachin, Depending on your location and the availability the best system to use for this would be wood I-joists. They are inexpensive and can easily span the 18-20 feet. They can be engineered for pretty much any depth but I think you will need at least...

Building Homes or Extensions: building a fireplace in an existing chimney, brick chimney, fire brick
brick chimney, fire brick, wood burning fireplace: I am NOT Pat. Barbara, I guess all things are possible. There must have been a reason for the existing chimney, they didn t just put them in for decoration. Find out what else uses or did use in the past to know abut sizing. Find out if this chimney...

Building Homes or Extensions: Cathedral Ceiling Insulation, asphalt shingles, ceiling insulation
asphalt shingles, ceiling insulation, cathedral ceilings: Hello Orlando; This will depend on the R-value you are trying to achieve. You will need to factor the r-value for the roof sheeting to find this. If you re looking for a great insulation job then I would install the original called out insulation & you...

Building Homes or Extensions: Concrete Steps, bruce e johnson, jack hammer
bruce e johnson, jack hammer, skin coat: Hi Steve, you can. But believe me it would be easier to rent a big jack hammer and take out the whole set of steps and redo them than to try and take two inches off and then pour a topping around the old stuff. Plus if after a few years this topping begins...

Building Homes or Extensions: Condensation in Cold Room, polystyrene panels, water condensation
polystyrene panels, water condensation, condensation problems: Dear Mario, Of course you know that moisture condenses when it touches a surface colder than dew point. That s key in figuring out what to do. In essence, your cold room is a big dehumidifier. For condensation problems, you have two potential solutions,...

Building Homes or Extensions: carpentry building code baltimore md., bruce e johnson, landing deck
bruce e johnson, landing deck, story deck: Hi Joey, I am not familiar with your local building codes, however, 4x4 s can be used up to pretty much any height with the proper bracing to keep them from bending or bowing. A single level split staircase should easily be supported by 4x4s..I hope this...

Building Homes or Extensions: ceiling/roof, joist hangers, occasional hurricane
joist hangers, occasional hurricane, metal brackets: Tom, the vaulted ceiling is out unless you make a major engineering change or go to trusses. You need the ceiling joists to tie the bottoms of the rafters together or the side walls will push out and the roof will collapse. It can be done with a structural...

Building Homes or Extensions: chimney leak into basement, chimney repair, cement foundation
chimney repair, cement foundation, foundation cracks: Hi again Karen, Basement leaks can be daunting. If it is ground water building up and leaking into the basement you can install a footing drain around the foundation. This requires a trench dug around the building, drainage tiles and rock installed, then...

Building Homes or Extensions: cinderblocks versus precast concrete panels, precast concrete panels, weaver precast
precast concrete panels, weaver precast, hurricane weather: Panel homes should not have any cracks. They are designed to stay together. It may be a crack in the stucco finish only. It should be looked at. Stucco will crack with curing. The panel homes, if Epic Walls, at least, cannot crack due to the strength of the...

Building Homes or Extensions: close in my screen room, county usa, support beam
county usa, support beam, zephyrhills florida: You need a set of blueprints done and pull a permit. You will have to provide a bigger footer and lay up the block to the beam. You then use Simpson straps to tie the wall to the beam and you will also have to pump concrete into the block and have a lintle...

Building Homes or Extensions: concrete foundation, monolithic slab foundation, elevator pits
monolithic slab foundation, elevator pits, bruce e johnson: Hi Gary, are you doing a basement foundation, a crawl space foundation or a monolithic slab foundation? For the first two types of foundations, the basement and crawlspace, I recommend that you allow for a good caulk/expansion joint. A half inch is the minimum...

Building Homes or Extensions: concrete topping, bruce e johnson, bonding agent
bruce e johnson, bonding agent, hi chris: Hi Chris, there is a product called Pavecrete that can be used to top concrete. You can fill the cracks with it and then use it to top the whole slab. It will require a good cleaning of the old slab, then it needs to be acid etched, washed again, dried...

Building Homes or Extensions: condensation in home actually raining in home, roof sheathing, ridge vent
roof sheathing, ridge vent, moisture test: Hi Again, I would do as you said, but would make an effort to vent the eaves. and, I personally feel blown-in cellulose is a better insulator. If the basement is stone, there is some chance of dampness there... but raining? wow thats a lot of water! Have...

Building Homes or Extensions: condensation or ice dam?, condensation theory, water spots
condensation theory, water spots, snow and ice: Tom, I think you re onto the right track with the condensation theory. Yes, that much water can come off an I beam that has been collecting frost for a while and suddenly lets it all go when the temperature rises a bit. Leaving a hole in the ceiling...

Building Homes or Extensions: construction, steel wire support, concrete footing
steel wire support, concrete footing, bruce e johnson: Hi Winston, Normally you would need to pour a concrete footing for the stone to rest on. Depending on the size of stone and weight of the new wall this could be substantial, two feet wide, a foot thick, with two #5 rebars continuous around the perimeter....

Building Homes or Extensions: cracks and popping sounds in walls, drywall panels, code enforcement officer
drywall panels, code enforcement officer, furnace room: Yes, an engineer would be great, and they do have a code of ethics to maintain... A CEO usually has an idea of construction, and would cost little if anything. The CEO would also be apt to be interested in knowing about the original contractor if all is...

Building Homes or Extensions: Drafts arround fireplace, heat n glo gas fireplace, heat n glo
heat n glo gas fireplace, heat n glo, fire proof: Hi Jerry, If you can access the exterior of this doghouse you may be able to get some insulation under the floor. Inside I d use fiberglass as it is fire proof (no faced stuff, glass only) Outside, if you can get to it, I d use fiberglass tight to the...

Building Homes or Extensions: diagonal wall crack (drywall & exterior siding), bruce e johnson, load bearing wall
bruce e johnson, load bearing wall, kitchen renovation: Hi Jane, I would venture to say that yes the two cracks are related if they follow similar paths. What may be causing the crack is another story. Yes, it is possible that the new beam installation could have caused some settling during and after the work...

Building Homes or Extensions: dig a basement from a crawl space, bruce e johnson, crawlspaces
bruce e johnson, crawlspaces, amazon: Hi rich, digging basements from crawlspaces is done all the time. I don t know of any books on the subject but try searching Amazon.com they have an extensive construction library. Basically you dig around all the supports and then when you can add temporary...

Building Homes or Extensions: Exterior 2x6 wall systems, 2x6 walls, exterior sheathing
2x6 walls, exterior sheathing, air infiltration: David, this site has some good information: http://www.buildingscienceconsulting.com/resources/roofs/ceiling_vapor_barrier.htm make sure you go to ~Joe s Top Ten~ I think it will answer many of your questions. YOu will need to work out the details with...

Building Homes or Extensions: Extras markup, markups, markup
markups, markup, discretion: There are no industry standards. It is at the discretion of the builder to determine these charges. I have seen markups anywhere from 10% to over 1,000% depending on the market. Most builders get all they can including change order fees in addition to the...

Building Homes or Extensions: estimate of cost, concrete slab foundation, monolithic concrete slab
concrete slab foundation, monolithic concrete slab, bruce e johnson: Hi Ronald, it s been a while since I have done residential foundations but a ball park figure can go like this...monolithic concrete slab foundation-6-10 dollars a square foot, depending on the area and cost of concrete in that area. stem wall foundation..5-12...

Building Homes or Extensions: extending the roof line or rebuild, bruce e johnson, shed roof
bruce e johnson, shed roof, empire style: Hi again Kristen, the term shed roof simply means that it is a single pitched roof, higher at the interior wall and lower at the outside wall. As opposed to a double pitched rafter with a peak in the middle sloping to the outside walls. The materials depend...

Building Homes or Extensions: Flashing, sliding glass doors, e mail address
sliding glass doors, e mail address, acrylic paint: Hi Again Paul, The aluminum is a store bought item and is shaped to go from up the wall, across the header trim and about 1/4 down the face of the header. The water shield membrane under the door sill should be placed as mentioned before, and the side...

Building Homes or Extensions: Floor Truss blocking, floor trusses, bottom chord
floor trusses, bottom chord, floor truss: Hello Joe; As long as there is 3/4 thats setting on the top plate all should be just fine. You know, if it makes you feel more comfortable to have them secure it a little better, I would have them do it & make sure that you watch the work being done so...

Building Homes or Extensions: Foundation for concrete steps, bruce e johnson, concrete pad
bruce e johnson, concrete pad, back entrance: Hi Debbie the steps can extend beyond the pad if you provide a proper base for them which may require an additional strip of concrete or some sort of cantilevered construction that utilizes the existing concrete pad for the support but extends beyond the pad....

Building Homes or Extensions: Noise in walls when windy, brick wall, squeak
Building Homes or Extensions: Noise in walls when windy, brick wall, squeak, differential pressure

Building Homes or Extensions: second-story cost, renovations, long island
Building Homes or Extensions: second-story cost, renovations, long island

Building Homes or Extensions: felt paper used in older homes as house wrap, base borders, cedar siding
base borders, cedar siding, electrical plumbing: Dear Eric, Rest assured it s not the felt paper causing the mold to grow on the inside of the building. Tar felt is probably the best house wrap available for letting moisture out without letting water in. It is permeable. Plywood is less permeable. ...

Building Homes or Extensions: fixing basement walls, bruce e johnson, garder snakes
bruce e johnson, garder snakes, concrete cap: Hi jodee, that s strange that your foundation wall doesn t have a poured concrete cap on it. Generally there is a bond beam of poured concrete or grout in masonry walls. To do it right would be to have a concrete or masonry contractor come in and pump...

Building Homes or Extensions: footings and foundations, bruce e johnson, monolithic slab
bruce e johnson, monolithic slab, footings and foundations: Hi john, that is a goofy drawing. It s hard to say just what is going on there. It looks like there is a footing pad with a gradebeam spanning from pad to pad but the detail is not right. The top of the footing pad is usually the bottom of the grade beam....

Building Homes or Extensions: formed/poured concrete corbels??, concrete block foundation, bruce e johnson
concrete block foundation, bruce e johnson, structural engineer: Hi Dan, a half yard of concrete weighs about 2000 pounds if my memory serves me plus your deck is another half yard so you are looking at 3000+ pounds of dead weight on each corbel plus any live weight added later, i.e. people standing on it. The masonry...

Building Homes or Extensions: foundation, resistant soil, concrete footings
resistant soil, concrete footings, clay soils: Samuel, There are portions of Texas that have major caliche depostits that sound like your description of backhoe resistant soil. See this article: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caliche_(mineral) There are other areas of Texas that suffer from high plastic...

Building Homes or Extensions: foundation, french drain system, drywall nails
french drain system, drywall nails, installing a french drain: Marilyn, I am so sorry ou are having these frustrations. I don t quite agree with the term settling. Remember this a huge collection of diverse materials from multiple sources that have been exposed to various climates and conditons. Most of the issues...

Building Homes or Extensions: foundation wall, worst case scenario, foundation structure
worst case scenario, foundation structure, septic tank: Dear Troy, Probably the worst thing would be to discover the ground cannot bear the weight of the proposed building, or that some other prep work will need to be done. This could happen for the following reasons, listed in order of probability: 1. Ground...

Building Homes or Extensions: framing, weight of drywall, economical approach
weight of drywall, economical approach, stroage: I m a bit lost. Stick built implies a cut roof, not trusses. All things are possible, A cut roof can be carried by a structural ridge and trusses can be reworked. The existing roof system wa designed to carry the weight of drywall only with perhaps some...

Building Homes or Extensions: Garage Extension, differential movement, structural engineer
differential movement, structural engineer, sugar land tx: Hello Chip; The best advice that I can give you would be to contact a Structural Engineer. An engineer will be able to professionally answer your question & for a fee come out to your property to consult with you. I don t know that I would take any online...

Building Homes or Extensions: ground wire trips circuit, dear victor, neutral wire
dear victor, neutral wire, quick reply: Dear Victor, You have identified a fault to ground somewhere in the fan itself. It would be a hot wire of course, since a neutral wire short to ground would not trip a regular breaker, just a ground fault breaker. Just make sure the fault is not in your...

Building Homes or Extensions: Hardiplank, bruce e johnson, dull light
bruce e johnson, dull light, hardi: Hi Elizabeth, if the Hardi is a flat white color then it is pre primed and you shouldn t need to prime it before painting. If it is a dull light gray then it is unprimed and needs to be primed. I generally put a primer coat regardless because the factory...

Building Homes or Extensions: Heat N Glo firplace insert - draft, heat n glo fireplace, bruce e johnson
heat n glo fireplace, bruce e johnson, fireplace insert: Hi Steve, I don t recommend closing up any vents or blocking any openings to the outside that are part of the fireplace s construction. This opening may be needed or required for proper ventilation (either by providing fresh air or by exhausting carbon monoxide)....

Building Homes or Extensions: header or no header, load bearing wall, bruce e johnson
load bearing wall, bruce e johnson, floor joists: Hi nathan, most cape cod homes have a main bearing wall down the center or close to it. This wall supports the floor joists for the upstairs. A header is needed to make sure the floor above doesn t begin to sag. A seven and a half foot opening requires...

Building Homes or Extensions: heat & cost effectiveness, air leaks, energy escapes
air leaks, energy escapes, saving energy: Chris, I hate to get in between the two of you, but I do feel strongly about saving energy, so here goes: you are correct. It saves money to heat your home only when you need it. The amount of energy that you use to heat your home is approximately equal...

Building Homes or Extensions: heaving wall, installing a french drain, polystyrene foam
installing a french drain, polystyrene foam, natural warmth: Dear Rick, The heave you are noticing in the concrete often happens when the drainage has been altered. The other factor would be a change in the amount of heat in the slab. We see this sometimes when people remove landscaping mulch or dirt from around...

Building Homes or Extensions: Insulating Cinder Block, cinder block walls, mold mildew
cinder block walls, mold mildew, wood paneling: Hi Mike, the problem you have with the moisture is probably from a clogged, poorly installed or totally missing footing drain and proper waterproofing. A typical basement below grade has the exterior walls thoroughly coated with a heavy mastic, or tar...

Building Homes or Extensions: Insulation, waste pipes, supply pipes
waste pipes, supply pipes, fiberglass insulation: Hi Jake, If its the water supply pipes, I d suggest a pipe insulator (foam) and some fiberglass insulation under and over the pipes. This assuming you can access them. If its the waste pipes, Its hard to find pipe ins. that large, so use as much fiberglass...

Building Homes or Extensions: Insulation: Paperfaced AND Plastic?, vapor barriers, please mail
vapor barriers, please mail, luck dave: Hi Brian, In a bathroom, you could run into moisture problems with two vapor barriers. If the walls are going to be open anyway and you live in a colder climate, I d use 2 foam between the studs sealed with spray foam and cover the studs with 1/2 foil...

Building Homes or Extensions: insulating under an enclosed porch with only three inches of clearance, spray foam insulation, insulation installation
spray foam insulation, insulation installation, wire mesh: Hi Kenny, No, anything that lays on the ground will absorb too much moisture to be of any value. If I understand you correctly, your wire is below (or under) the joists, if that is so, put 2 ridgid foam between the floor joists (or more) and seal with...

Building Homes or Extensions: My Knee walls in our basement., condensation problems, knee walls
condensation problems, knee walls, attic ventilation: Hi Natasha, first of all do you have airconditioning? If so, do you use it or have a dehumidifier? Interior house moisture is caused by moisture in the air which can be eliminated by proper conditioning. Maybe your air conditioning isn t working properly....

Building Homes or Extensions: Lally Column Spacing, column spacing, column right
column spacing, column right, finished basement: Hi Jason, You really shouldn t remove it. However, If the beam is still exposed and easy to get to, you could sister another2 x whatever on either side and make sure that they are coninuous and go to bearing on both ends. THEN you could remove it. ...

Building Homes or Extensions: Lean - to added to garage, rafter tails, cement slab
rafter tails, cement slab, poor reflection: Dear Alisha, I can see it in the pictures as well; so you aren t imagining things. Your portal roof has a different pitch from one end to the other. This is simply because the the wall ledger (fastened to the garage) is not parallel to the eave. Regardless...

Building Homes or Extensions: Loft Load Bearing, bruce e johnson, ceiling joists
bruce e johnson, ceiling joists, floor joists: Hi Nathan, It s hard to say without knowing what your loft is built out of just exactly what kind of load it will bear. Chances are good that if it is just an unfinished loft with actual stair access that it was built to be finished later and therefore can...

Building Homes or Extensions: lam beam for basement remodel, structural engineer, vertical support
structural engineer, vertical support, basement remodel: Hello Bob; How far you can go in width & what size glue lam you will need would be determined off of whats there now & what might be on top of this area causing additional load on the propsed new beam. What I always reccomend regarding Structural issues,...

Building Homes or Extensions: loud crack, bruce e johnson, upstairs bathroom
bruce e johnson, upstairs bathroom, heat duct: Hi again Janni, If your home has experienced settling issues over time then this is possibly another one. The loud crack was possibly a point of pressure that built up as one element of the house settled. Eventually the pressure that built up had to be...

Building Homes or Extensions: Mobile Home Siding, aluminum siding, area of rectangle
aluminum siding, area of rectangle, home siding: Sheila, You never gave me enough information to compute square feet. Height in feet x width in feet = square feet ??? x 65 - square feet for one long side x 2 because you have two long sides = A ???? x 12 = square feet for one short end...

Building Homes or Extensions: Moisture barrier / house wrap, blown insulation, drain point
blown insulation, drain point, black mold: And good morning to you too, Heather, The builders are right, they have done what they could from inside, but the actual problem remains (they entry of moisture through the gaps to their caulking) it would probably be some time before the mess occurs again,...

Building Homes or Extensions: mergeing n old house to a mobile home, bruce e johnson, complicated question
bruce e johnson, complicated question, two buildings: Hi CARL, this is complicated question without having any real information about the house or the mobile. Simply put you find an elevation and location to butt the two buildings together so that the floors line up. Then you cut a doorway into both buildings...

Building Homes or Extensions: mold behind walls of new construction home, bruce e johnson, mold problem
bruce e johnson, mold problem, musty odors: Hi Sarah, if the wood was dry before the drywall etc. was installed you are probably okay. Plus it takes moisture for mold to grow so unless there is a source of moisture in the walls then the mildew will eventually die out. The bleach would have been a...

Building Homes or Extensions: Noise in walls when windy, hot water radiators, bruce e johnson
hot water radiators, bruce e johnson, backdraft dampers: hi again Hewey, well I don t know what else to tell you. If the wind is really blowing hard, I guess it could put some strain on a poorly constructed wall. Perhaps you have a hole in the brick and air is getting inside and creating strange sounds. Without...

Building Homes or Extensions: Painting concrete block foundation exteriors, concrete block foundation, bruce e johnson
concrete block foundation, bruce e johnson, iron rust: Hi ed, a lot of what you see is iron rust caused by poorly aimed irrigation systems and water with a lot of iron in it. But to answer your question, yes you can use a concrete stain or even paint for that matter. A good block filler is used first to prep...

Building Homes or Extensions: pier and beam addition (building up), pier and beam, waco texas
pier and beam, waco texas, story addition: Dear Tammie, Yes, you can build two story on a pier and beam--if the footing is substantial and the soil is gravelly and hard packed, or the pilings driven deep, if that s the type, or tied together by a concrete grid. You will want to keep the building...

Building Homes or Extensions: plywood and snow, freeze thaw cycle, base plates
freeze thaw cycle, base plates, subfloor: Hi again Damon, I know it s hard when you see something that isn t right and keeping quiet about it. Believe me I came up through the ranks and have been on both sides of the coin. I don t advocate total silence if you see something drastically wrong. Generally...

Building Homes or Extensions: front porch, front porch, windows and doors
front porch, windows and doors, footing: Andrea, I m a bit unclear but I think you want ot close in a front porch. If you mean to do it in screen, look in your yellow pages for someone who does patios, prches, and screened enclosures. If you mean that you want to build walls with windows and doors,...

Building Homes or Extensions: Raising Floor Level, cement slab, floor joists
cement slab, floor joists, floor elevation: Hi Dale, You need to first calculate the thickness of the new floor framing members. For example: If the difference is exactly 6 , the new framing will be 6 minus the thickness of the subfloor and the carpet (with carpet pad?) Assuming the subfloor is...

Building Homes or Extensions: Removing brick piers under single level house, brick piers, bruce e johnson
brick piers, bruce e johnson, span tables: Hi Andrew, the size of your floor joists will determine how many beams you need to add to support the living space above. The span from where you can or want to put new supporting posts will determine how large of beams you need. If you go to your search...

Building Homes or Extensions: Removing Eaves for New Patio, double brick, brick houses
double brick, brick houses, outer leaf: Dear Stuart, If the house were not brick, it would be a simple matter to drop the portal ledger down a bit and leave the eaves intact. This dropped Portal feature is quite nice, and perhaps you may be able to do that anyway by using posts to support the...

Building Homes or Extensions: Replacing wooden 2 x 12's with a steel counter part., structural engineer, cieling
structural engineer, cieling, steel beam: Hello Reuben; What I recommend is contacting a local Builder or Structural Engineer who has the capabilities to look at the project in person. It is possible to do what you are wanting, but I suggest to have someone local come out. Its alot safer. Mar...

Building Homes or Extensions: Residential garage door and header issue., foot doors, lag bolts
foot doors, lag bolts, garage door opener: Hi Jerry, it s kind of hard to make that call. First of all, how does your roof system bear on these headers? Is there a gable end with just one truss sitting on it (preferable). Or is it a hip configuration where all of your hip rafters bear on it (not...

Building Homes or Extensions: Roof framing question, bruce e johnson, roof sheathing
bruce e johnson, roof sheathing, course by correspondence: Hi Jordan, okay, this is a stumper. Most valley framing is done after the main roof is sheathed so it is possible that if you know how thick your roof sheathing/plywood is then that is the answer. If there is a multiple choice and one of the choices is the...

Building Homes or Extensions: replacing basement ceiling in double-wide home, bruce e johnson, basement ceiling
bruce e johnson, basement ceiling, wood ceiling panels: Hi Deb, I can t think of any reason why you can t remove the ceiling covering. The floor joists are your support not the paneling. I hope this information helps, feel free to write again regarding this or other matters, sincerely bruce e johnson..bejohnsonconsulting.co...

Building Homes or Extensions: Slab Foundation on slope, bruce e johnson, insulation contractor
bruce e johnson, insulation contractor, foam insulation: Hi Will, gee, I guess Amazon or any bookstore has books on foundations. What I know about foundations came from doing them so I don t know what book to suggest, however I know that there are a lot of them. Go to a bookstore and browse until you find one...

Building Homes or Extensions: second-story cost, huntington long island, better business bureau
huntington long island, better business bureau, roof plumbing: Hi Joy, for Long Island, these prices don t seem too far out of whack. A project such as this second story addition would start at $100 a sq foot for very basic construction. Not only are you adding 1500 sq ft (150,000 dollars @ 100 dollars a sq ft) but it...

Building Homes or Extensions: sidwalks, wheel ruts, air entrainment
wheel ruts, air entrainment, cement ratio: Victoria, there are so many rules about concrete. It would be best to wait until you had a forcast that does not go below freeezing for at least the first 3 days after the concrete is poured. The air temperature should be 40 degrees F and rising before...

Building Homes or Extensions: slab for mobile home, bruce e johnson, ballpark figure
bruce e johnson, ballpark figure, doublewide: Hi Paul, depending on where you live slab costs will run anywhere from 4 dollars up to 7 dollars a square foot or more. Some determining factors will be the thickness and footing sizes etc. I hope this information helps feel free to write again regarding...