First Aid Sitemap - Page 2 2016-09-26

How to Splint a Foot: Pad the Splint
Splinting a foot requires immobilizing not only the foot, but the ankle as well. This type of splinting should provide enough support to get the victim to medical help.

How to Splint a Foot: Positioning the Splint
Splinting a foot requires immobilizing not only the foot, but the ankle as well. This type of splinting should provide enough support to get the victim to medical help.

How to Splint a Foot: Securing the Splint
Splinting a foot requires immobilizing not only the foot, but the ankle as well. This type of splinting should provide enough support to get the victim to medical help.

Heart Attack Symptoms in Women
Heart attacks have long been thought to look different in men vs women, but is that true? If it is true, does it even matter?

Step by Step First Aid for Sprains
Sprains can often be treated at home with the proper care. Learn how to treat a sprain.

Choking: How to Do the Heimlich Maneuver
Choking requires a quick response to remove the airway obstruction before it leads to unconsciousness. These steps are for conscious adults and children aged 1 to 8.

When You Think It's a Spider Bite But It's Not
Most of the wounds we believe are spider bites are really something else, especially infections.

Journey of a Broken Wrist: X-ray of a Colles Fracture
This x-ray of a Colles fracture from a skiing accident leaves no doubt about the diagnosis, even for the untrained eye.

Journey of a Broken Wrist: Colles Fracture from a Skiing Accident
Tori Fontana took a tumble on a ski trip and ended up with a Colles fracture of the wrist.

Journey of a Broken Wrist: Surgical Repair of a Colles Fracture
When traction of a Colles fracture wasn't enough to properly reduce it, the broken wrist had to be fixed with plates and screws.

Journey of a Broken Wrist: Reduction of a Colles Fracture
Treating her without pain medication, Tori Fontana's ER caregivers put her Colles fracture into traction to reduce it.

How to Treat a Cold Sore - First Aid
Cold sores come from the herpes simplex virus. There's nothing you can do to shorten an outbreak, but you can make it feel better.

How to Tell if Your Ankle is Broken
While the definitive test will be an x-ray, learn the signs and symptoms that may indicate that your ankle is broken.

How to Tell if Your Ankle is Broken: Discoloration
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How to Tell if Your Ankle is Broken: The X-ray
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First Aid for Treating a Broken Hand
Broken hands are painful, but not life-threatening. If the break is bad enough, there could be a loss of function, or even a loss of part or all of the hand.

Steps to Avoid Traveler's Diarrhea
Traveler's Diarrhea comes from the many local bacteria visitors are unaccustomed to ingesting. Learn how to avoid getting Traveler's Diarrhea.

Skills for Life Saving First Aid
Saving lives is a mindset. It's knowing how to do what you need to do and not being afraid to act. With the exception of using an Epi-Pen, nothing on this list requires special tools, just your brain, your hands and your quick action.

What's the difference between scalds and burns?
Scalds or burns: Is there a difference or does it even matter?

Medical Definition of Systemic Reaction
What's the difference between a local reaction and a systemic reaction? Learn the definition of systemic reaction.

First Aid Treatment for a Puncture Wound
Puncture wounds can be serious if deep enough. The most important considerations are bleeding control and infection.

First Aid Phraseology: Dysphagia vs Dysphasia
Two problems that sound alike, are treated by the same therapist and afflict the same type of patient, but are totally different.

Hip Fractures - Symptoms and Treatment
If you're having hip pain, especially after a fall or injury, be on the lookout for a fracture. Learn how to recognize a broken hip and what to do about it.

How to Treat or Slow Down Diarrhea
There are a few things you can do to help slow down diarrhea, or at least shorten the pain it can cause, including avoiding dehydration​, and eating probiotics.

Try the BRAT Diet
The BRAT diet is supposed to help with diarrhea. If not, it's at least fun to say.

Diarrhea Treatment: See a Doctor if It Gets Too Bad
Diarrhea usually isn't dangerous (not in industrialized countries, anyhow).

Diarrhea Treatment: Eat Probiotics
Probiotic yogurt helps with diarrhea. We know that, but we don't really know why.

Diarrhea Treatment: Avoid Dehydration
Water out, water in. Avoid dehydration when enduring the discomfort of diarrhea.

Where and How to Get a Job as a Paramedic
There's more to being a paramedic than sitting in an ambulance all day. Here are the ways paramedics and EMTs make a living.

How Coughing Works, and Cough Remedies
Coughing is a way to clear your trachea (airway) of fluid, food, particles or irritants.

Things that Make a Paramedic Pucker: When the Arm Bends in the Wrong Places
Arms and legs aren't supposed to bend in weird places.

3 Things that Make a Paramedic Pucker
Just because paramedics look like they have it all figured out doesn't mean they're not scrambling on the inside.

Things that Make a Paramedic Pucker: When Stupid Rubber Meets the Road
Sometimes, ambulances should just say

Things that Make a Paramedic Pucker: When Their Patient Dies but Only They Know It
Sometimes the patient is the last one to know they're dead.

What Treatments Can a Paramedic Do?
Paramedics practice what is known as advanced life support, but in first aid, the more basic the training - the more important the skill.

How to Avoid Lightning Strikes
Knowing where to go when thunderstorms approach is the best defense against lightning. Stay inside if you can.

The Difference Between an EMT and a Paramedic
The media regularly interchanges the terms

Do 911 Dispatchers See Where the Callers Are Located?
If I call 911 will the dispatcher always see where I am calling from? The answer isn't simply yes or no.

The Story of the First CPR Manikin
All good legends have a bit of truth in them. How a doll maker and a doctor came together to make the most iconic first aid training device ever.

Hangovers: Symptoms and Treatment
Hangovers - the horrible morning after! Learn about the causes, symptoms and treatments of hangover. A secret: there is no

Why Does 911 Put You on Hold?
Being put on hold is always frustrating, but in the case of an emergency it can be devastating. Why does it happen?

Alcohol Poisoning: When Drunk Becomes Dangerous
Alcohol poisoning may be more common than you think. Chances are, if you've been to a keg party, you've seen the symptoms of alcohol poisoning.

How to Treat a Scorpion Sting
Bark scorpions live in Arizona, California and New Mexico. Bark scorpion stings are dangerous and treatment should be quick.

How Long Does a Tetanus Shot Last?
Tetanus shots are a necessary evil for our entire lives, but do you know how often you have to get one? Read about what boosters are, and why we need them.

Medical Emergency Tattoos and Paramedics
Find out if paramedics will follow your wishes before dedicating your body's real estate permanently to the function of emergency medical notification.

Business and Vacation Travel First Aid Supplies
Being on the road means taking your first aid supplies with you. The complexity of the first aid kit depends on where you're going.

First Aid Rural Travel Supplies
Being on the road means taking your first aid supplies with you. The complexity of the first aid kit depends on where you're going.

Travel First Aid Day Hike Supplies
Being on the road means taking your first aid supplies with you. The complexity of the first aid kit depends on where you're going.

Extreme Travel First Aid Supplies
Being on the road means taking your first aid supplies with you. The complexity of the first aid kit depends on where you're going.

Causes and Treatment of Cold Sweats


Medical Definition of Fight or Flight Response
Fight or flight refers to the two choices our ancestors had when facing a dangerous animal or enemy.

Blood Pressure Definition and First Aid Basics
Blood pressure is the pressure exerted against blood vessel walls by the blood as it flows through them.

How to Treat a Bruise
Bruise treatment is more art than science. Bruises are those black and blue marks you get after you take a punch or a line drive to the face.

Shortness of Breath Symptoms and Breathing First Aid
Regardless of the cause of shortness of breath, the only way for the body to get more oxygen is to get more air.

Being a Medical Emergency Leader
Planning for an emergency should include defining the roles of rescuers and designating leaders before they are needed.

How To Put Out a Grease Fire in the Kitchen
Grease fire burn very hot and can quickly spread to cabinets or other flammable areas of the kitchen.

Degrees of Burns - Full- and Partial-Thickness
Determining the severity of a burn includes establishing how deep the damage goes into or through the skin.

Getting HIV from CPR: Fear Without Facts
There is no evidence that a rescuer, lay or professional, can contract HIV from a victim of cardiac arrest while performing CPR.

How to Stop Bleeding
Most bleeding can be controlled before the ambulance gets there. Here are the steps to control bleeding.

How to Stop Bleeding: Elevation
While holding pressure on a bleeding wound, the next step is to elevate.

How to Stop Bleeding: Pressure Points
Presure points are the third step to control a bleeding wound.

How to Stop Bleeding: Tourniquets
If direct pressure, elevation and pressure points don't work, it may be time to apply a tourniquet. Here are the rules for using tourniquets and the reasons why you probably shouldn't.

Can my old, defunct cell phone still call 911?
How old can a cell phone be and still call 911? Can it be really old technology?

Commotio Cordis: Why Every Coach Needs to Know CPR
Commotio cordis is a latin term (meaning commotion or disturbance of the heart) that describes sudden cardiac arrest from a blow to the chest.

Can an AED Shock Someone Who Is Awake
Too often, CPR instructors leave their students with the impression that automated external defibrillators (AED) are smarter than the rescuer.

Are EMT's and Paramedics Licensed or Certified?
What is the difference whether a paramedic or an EMT is licensed or certified? They're still going to save your life.

When to Use an Elastic Bandage and When Not To
Elastic bandages do a good job of compressing a new injury, however, there's a limit to how long you should compress an injury.

Broken Ribs: Symptoms, Complications and Treatment
Learn how to recognize broken ribs, what to expect and when to seek help.

Are Online CPR Certifications Valid?
For a few bucks and a computer, certain websites will let you print out an official-looking card, suitable for your wallet, proclaiming you certified.

Do I Have to Do CPR if I'm Certified?
Some folks are reluctant to get CPR certified because they believe they could be sued if someone collapses near them and they don't do CPR.

Common Causes of Cardiac Arrest - Adults and Kids
Here are the most common causes of sudden cardiac arrest. Each cause includes at least one example.

Signs and Symptoms of Sudden Cardiac Arrest
When we talk about symptoms of cardiac arrest, it's a treatable condition--sudden cardiac arrest--that we can recognize and possibly fix.

Before Calling 911 on a Cell Phone: What to Know
Calling 911 on a cell phone means the officials who answer might not know where to find you.

Essential Babysitter First Aid and Emergency Skills
When your kids are in trouble and you're out of the house, your babysitter is the only lifeline they'll have.

What You Need to Know Before Taking a CPR Class
CPR is the most basic of all medical training classes. Most CPR classes take less than four hours. CPR is performed on patients who are not breathing.

Do Patients with a Head Injury have to Stay Awake?
The belief is that if allowed to fall asleep, a patient with a head injury will die. Should you keep patients from slipping into unconsciousness?

Difference Between Heart Attack and Stroke
Brain attack or AMI? Whatever terms you use, one is in the brain and the other is in the heart. Learn the difference between a heart attack and a stroke.

First Aid Phraseology: ER vs Emergency Department
Does it really matter? Don't they all provide the same care -- or not?

Determining the Severity of a Burn
There are several factors used to determine if a burn is critical enough to necessitate a specialty burn center. These burns require a call to 911.

First Aid for a Suspected Cervical Spine Injury
The spine bones of the neck, known as the cervical vertebrae, may be fractured or displaced if the neck is twisted, compressed, or hyper-extended.

Immediate Concussion Treatment
Concussion treatment on the sidelines is limited. Learn how to recognize and treat concussions, and how to recognize more severe traumatic brain injuries.

Signs and Symptoms of a Concussion
A concussion is an injury to the brain caused by a direct blow to the head. Concussion symptoms range from extremely obvious to very subtle.

Explaining Chest Pain Causes
When a paramedic arrives at your side when you are feeling chest pain, she really has one thing to decide at first: Is the chest pain coming from your heart or not? Learn about the different chest pain causes.

Is Your Leg Not Broken If You Can Walk On It?
The common belief is that if you can walk on an injured leg, it must not be fractured. But a bone can be broken and still support your weight.

Can I Tell if My Infection Is From a Virus or Bacteria?
How can you tell if your infection is viral or bacterial? More importantly, do you need to?

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Gallery of Bed Bug Bites Pictures
These bed bug bites pictures illustrate how bites can look. There are also pictures of the bed bugs and their colonies.

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Types of Chest Trauma and Injuries
Chest trauma can be penetrating or blunt. Broken skin? Penetrating. Not broken? Blunt.

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Carbon Monoxide Poisoning
Oxygen and hemoglobin might be married, but hemoglobin is way more attracted to carbon monoxide.

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Injuries to the Face
Bleeding from certain areas may point to much more dangerous conditions. Get an overview of facial injuries and their complications.

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Treat a Burn
A little burn is nothing to worry about.

Stop a Bloody Nose
Nosebleeds can usually be handled at home.

Treat Nausea
Nausea is the worst feeling. First Aid.

Kill Head Lice
Head lice might not seem like a first aid problem, but it's definitely a do-it-yourself project.

Treat Bug Bites
Most bug bites can be handled without a trip to the doctor.

First Aid Tips You'll Actually Use
The best first aid tips are the skills we do for mundane injuries. Follow these recommendations so you're always prepared.

Treat a Cut Finger
Cuts on fingers or anywhere else are easily treated at home.

Treat a Sprain
A sprain can be treated with a bit of ice and elevation.

Remove a Splinter
Splinters have to come out sometime. You might as well pull it out yourself.

Stop Diarrhea
When you gotta go, you gotta go...

First Aid Without a Kit: Rinse Cuts Plain Tap Water
Plain water is all it takes for cleaning cuts and scrapes.

First Aid Without a Kit: Stop Bleeding with a Clean Cloth
No special material is needed to control bleeding.

First Aid Without a Kit: Use Cardboard as a Splint
Cardboard makes excellent lightweight splinting material.

First Aid Without a Kit: Splint a Broken Ankle with a Pillow
Pillows make great splints and chances are you have one handy.

First Aid Without a Kit: Call 911
The telephone is your most important first aid tool.

First Aid Without a Kit: Wash Your Hands
First aid has more to do with what's in your brain than what's in your first aid kit.

First Aid Without a Kit: Do CPR
CPR doesn't need any sort of first aid tools.

Childbirth Complications: Prolapsed Cord
Prolapsed cord is the worst case scenario during childbirth.

Childbirth Complications: Breech Delivery
When the baby decides to back out of the garage, it can be a problem.

Childbirth Complications: Really Big Baby
When the baby is too big to come out, it's called distocia. Here's how to deal with it.

Childbirth Complications: Nuchal Cord
The umbilical cord around the neck is one of the most common childbirth complications. Here's what to do.

Complications of Childbirth
Delivering a baby at home is fine with the right training and preparation. But, you have to know what can go wrong.

Third Degree Burn Scarring
Third degree burns cause scars. There are plenty of treatments on the market to fix third degree burns, but they'll always lead to scars.

Examples of Second Degree Burns: Potato Gun
A potato gun without the potato caused a burn to this reader.

Examples of Second Degree Burns: Friction
A potato gun without the potato caused a burn to this reader.

Examples of Second Degree Burns: Scalding Hot Water
Spilling boiling water on herself caused this second degree burn.

Examples of Second Degree Burns: Reusable Heat Pack
This reader only put the chemical hot pack in the microwave for 10 seconds and it did this to his neck.

Examples of Second Degree Burns: Heat Pack 5 Weeks Later
5 weeks after burning his neck with a chemical heat pack, this is what the injury looks like.

Examples of Second Degree Burns: Exploding Wax
Water on hot wax caused it to explode and burn this reader.

Examples of Second Degree Burns: Hot Iron Blister
Steam from a hot iron caused this burn.

Examples of Second Degree Burns: Out of the Frying Pan
A potato gun without the potato caused a burn to this reader.

Examples of Second Degree Burns: Sloughing
A potato gun without the potato caused a burn to this reader.

Examples of Second Degree Burns: Sunburn
A potato gun without the potato caused a burn to this reader.

Third Degree Burns: Black and Charred
Third degree burns destroy the skin completely, unlike first and second degree burns.

Partial or Full Thickness Burns? It Doesn't Matter
In practice, there's no way to tell if a burn is second or third degree, but you can learn why it's so hard to tell.

Life of a Third Degree Burn
Step right up to see the whole life of a third degree burn.

Third Degree Burns: Concentrated Heat
Third degree burns aren't easy to get--you have to work at it and have a concentrated heat source. For this type of burn, the sun won't work.

Bee Stinger Not Seen Under the Skin
Only a few species of bee have barbed stingers. The bees with sharply barbed stingers that leave behind a stinger are female worker honey bees.

Calling 911 for Someone in Another State
You dread the thought -- you're talking to a family member in another state and he has a heart attack. Can you call 911?

First Aid: Can I Do CPR Even if I'm Not Certified?
Is the card all that important? Can you still do CPR if you don't have a CPR certification?

What To Do About Abnormal Blood Pressure
Measuring blood pressure at home leads to a variety of questions about odd readings. Both low and high blood pressure can be cause for concern.

Treatment for Eye Injuries
When treating eye injuries, always take care of both eyes together.

Escherichia coli O157:H7 - E coli - E coli Infection
Escherichia coli O157:H7 is a foodborne illness caused by contaminated meat. Learn to recognize Escherichia coli O157:H7 and prevent it.

Meaning of Do Not Resuscitate (DNR) Orders
DNR orders are unique in medicine, making CPR the only medical intervention that requires an order not to administer it.

Causes of Generalized Weakness
Generalized weakness is one of the most common medical complaints of seniors.

Effective Cough Treatment
Capsules, liquid cough syrups and cough drops are all examples of cough medicines. There are a variety of cough treatments,but not all are effective.

Facts About Croup
Croup is a catch-all term for childhood inflammation and swelling of the area of the throat that includes the vocal chords.

Injuries to EMS Workers
Almost 10% of all emergency medical technicians and paramedics in the country in 2007 were missing work because of a job-related injury or illness.

First Aid Training and Kits
About First Aid provides the tools you need to find first aid and CPR training, first aid kits, and contact emergency medical services.

Emergency Disaster Water Supplies
Quick tips for surviving in a disaster without running water.

Building and Storing First Aid Kits
A well-built first aid kit is an important thing to have around in case of an emergency. Your first aid kit should be easily accessible and portable.

Frequently Asked Questions About Carbon Monoxide Poisoning
Carbon monoxide poisoning is not always obvious. Often carbon monoxide poisoning mimics other conditions or is hard to detect. These are frequently asked questions about carbon monoxide poisoning.

What Seniors Should Keep in Their First Aid Kits
First aid kits for the elderly should contain different items than the typical first aid kit. Elderly patients have unique needs that require special items.

Anaphylaxis Symptoms
Anaphylaxis can potentially affect as much as 15 percent of the population and is commonly fatal.

Avoiding Hypothermia Outdoors
When the weather is extremely cold, and especially if there are high winds, try to stay indoors. Make any trips outside as brief as possible.

Definition of EMT
EMT is the most common certification of those working on ambulances.

Spring Cleaning - Spring Cleaning Safety
Spring cleaning is not as dangerous as skydiving or driving a race car, but in certain cases you can do some real damage spring cleaning.

Assessing a Patient with Alcohol Intoxication
Alcohol may mask certain medical conditions and alcohol intoxication appears similar to many life-threatening conditions.

Alcohol Intoxication and First Aid - Alcohol Effects on Mind and Body
With all these effects of alcohol on the body and mind, very real medical problems can be overlooked. Knowing the consequences, there's no excuse for a poor assessment. Always assume signs and symptoms are from the most severe medical condition possible and then rule out causes in turn, working toward less serious conditions. Often, alcohol intoxication is the least of a victim's problems. Page 2.

First Aid for Burns
Burn first aid is one of the most common types of first aid done at home. Knowing how to treat burns is a skill every person should have.

Preparing for Medical Emergencies in the Air
Medical emergencies in the air can happen to anyone, but with a little planning you can be ready for the best response possible.

Fight Injuries Needing First Aid
Fights lead to injuries that may require first aid. Many of these injuries can be treated at home, some require a trip to the hospital, and others require a call to 911.

Automated Home Blood Pressure Monitors
There is a growing trend of measuring blood pressure trends. This can help people with hypertension (high blood pressure) work with their doctors to better control their blood pressure.

Understanding Opioid Overdoses
Opioid medications (Demerol, Vicodin, morphine, etc.) are very common pain killers. Overdoses can be deadly.

Is It Pressure or Is It Gauze that Stops Bleeding?
Can you stop bleeding with just your hands or do you need gauze?

When do I stop CPR?
If you're doing CPR in the middle of the Amazon rainforest and nothing seems to be working, how do you know when to throw in the towel?

What if the Chest Doesn't Rise During CPR?
Traditional CPR steps include rescue breathing. What happens, then, if the chest doesn't rise during a rescue breath?

Child CPR Steps
There is no substitute for proper CPR training. However, emergencies wait for no one. Use these steps to provide CPR to children 1 to 8 years old.

Mallet Fracture: Why Won't My Finger Straighten Out?
What's going on if your finger is bent at the last joint and won't straighten all the way out? Learn about the condition known as mallet finger.

Road Rash Treatment
Road rash treatment is similar to caring for burns. Road rash is the common term for rubbing off part or all of the skin. The medical term is skin abrasion.

Poison Ivy, Oak and Sumac: Treatment and Prevention
Poison ivy, poison oak and poison sumac are all part of the toxicodendron family. They are the most toxic plants in North America.

Poison Ivy Treatment
Treatment for poison ivy, poison oak and poison sumac. Each plant produces the same toxin and causes the same symptoms.

Poison Ivy, Oak and Sumac: Treatment and Prevention
Poison ivy, poison oak and poison sumac are all part of the toxicodendron family. They are the most toxic plants in North America.

What's an Ambulance Driver?
Why are paramedics and EMT's called ambulance drivers even though firefighters aren't called fire truck drivers?

Learning First Aid - How Much Do You Need?
Learning first aid may seem daunting with all the choices out there. Take the first aid course that's right for you.

Removing Mouth to Mouth from CPR
Some feel that CPR in its current form is not as effective as it could be for the population most likely to benefit from it.

Removing Mouth to Mouth from CPR - Chest Compression Only CPR
Some feel that CPR in its current form is not as effective as it could be for the population most likely to benefit from it. Mouth-to-mouth is seen as the culprit. To make CPR more effective, there is a push to eliminate rescue breathing from this staple of emergency medical care. Page 2.

How cough suppressants are different than expectorants
Whether you need a cough suppressant or an expectorant depends on the type of cough you have. So, whats the difference?

Accidental Knife Injuries in the Kitchen
Cutting yourself with a knife in the kitchen during food prep is the best and worst place to get a cut. Lots of bacteria, but soap and water nearby.

Good Samaritan Laws
Good Samaritan laws are designed to protect the general public from undue liability during good faith rescue and first aid attempts.

First Aid Tips for Treating Shortness of Breath
The treatments for shortness of breath are specific for each cause. In many cases, the only way to treat shortness of breath is to call 911.

Rat Bite Treatment
Rats and other rodents have a nasty bite that can lead to a serious infection.

How to Remove a Splinter and When to See the Doctor
Some splinters will work their way out without removal, but if you don't want to wait, here's how to remove a splinter.

Impaled Object Definition and Treatment
Impaled objects are difficult to treat because they are awkward and dangerous to remove.

First Aid Treatment for a Sucking Chest Wound
Sucking chest wounds are holes in the chest of the patient that really suck. No, really, they suck...air into the chest.

Winter Survival Tips
Winter brings storms, snow, and cold weather. Be prepared for winter by following these survival tips.

Tips for Home Improvement Safety
Dangerous practices can have disastrous effects for home improvement projects if safety rules are not applied. Here are the wrong and right ways to do home improvement projects.

Worst Baseball Injuries
Did you know little league baseball kills more kids than pee wee football? More kids get hurt on the gridiron, but deaths are all about the diamond. Baseballs do the deed, mostly by hitting a player hard in the center of the chest or by smacking the player in the noggin.

Drinking Alcohol to Keep Warm - Why It's Dangerous
Alcohol does nothing to warm us up and is a quick way to get hypothermia in a cold environment. Learn more about the dangers of drinking alcohol to stay warm when it's cold outside.

Will Bacon Stop a Nosebleed?
Can you really stop a bleeding nose by plugging it with raw bacon? Read on to find the surprising truth behind this odd home remedy.

Why Did CPR Change From A-B-C to C-A-B?
The 2010 CPR Guidelines rearranged the order of CPR steps. Now, instead of A-B-C, it's C-A-B: chest compressions first.

Proper CPR Training
There are two reasons to find CPR training classes: to get a CPR certification or to actually learn CPR.

What's the Difference Between a Fracture and a Break?
One of the most common questions I hear about broken bones is whether it's a fracture or a break. The difference between the two might surprise you.

What Is the Difference Between Signs and Symptoms?
Signs and symptoms help identify medical problems, but do you know what the difference is between signs and symptoms?

Medical Definition of Shock
In first aid, the term

What is Naloxone?
The American Heart Association talks about naloxone for cardiac arrest. What is naloxone and where can you find it?

What to Do When Hands-Only CPR is Not Recommended
The American Heart Association (AHA) recommends Hands-Only CPR as the treatment for adults who collapse in front of you. However, the AHA recommends conventional CPR with mouth-to-mouth as well as chest compressions for kids, adults found already unconscious, and for drowning victims. What if you don't know conventional CPR -- should you do nothing?

What Happens If Sugar is Given to Hyperglycemia
A reader asks why first aid manuals advise to give sugar to any confused diabetic. What happens if you give someone with high blood sugar more sugar?

California Good Samaritan Law Appellate Court Decision
California's courts killed its Good Samaritan Law. The legislature revived it, but there was some brain damage.

Nervous System
A basic understanding of the nervous system provides the whole foundation for understanding physiology.

Roll 'Em Over
Turn them over on their sides when they puke. They could live to drink another day.

Put on a Tourniquet
When plugging the hole doesn't work, cut off circulation.

Mouth to Mouth
Mouth to mouth has been left behind, but don't forget it just yet.

Stop the Bleeding
Stopping bleeding--definitely a life-saving procedure--is all about plugging the hole. It's that simple.

Call 911
Calling 911 is one of the most important ways to save a life. It gets the real heroes coming.

Push Hard. Push Fast.
CPR is the most important of all life-saving techniques.

Pour a Glass of Orange Juice
Orange juice: nature's medicine for hypoglycemia.

No Medical Equipment Needed
Want to be a hero? Here are 10 ways to save a life without needing any medical equipment (almost).

The Heimlich Maneuver
The best way to be a hero? Don't choke (pun intended).

Give a Shot of Epinephrine
Epinephrine is the new caffeine. Not really, but it's good for allergic reactions.

Deliver a Baby
There's nothing cooler than being able to deliver a baby on a crowded subway train.

Shortness of Breath: What Causes Trouble Breathing?
To understand why we get short of breath from medical conditions, it's important to learn how all the body systems work together to make us breathe.

Blue Balls - Epididymal Hypertension Myth or Fact?
Blue balls is the name of an aching in the testicles usually associated with unrequited sexual arousal.

Definition of Multi-Casualty Incident
Multi-casualty incidents are declared to make treating several patients more efficient and to allocate resources to provide the best care to the most people.

Black Widow Spiders
Black widows live everywhere. Indeed, I think I am one.

Bark Scorpions
Bark scorpions are probably the most dangerous bug in the United States.

Brown Recluse Spiders
Brown recluse spiders are just that: recluses. The chance you'll run into one is slim.

Mojave Rattlesnakes
Rattlesnakes can ruin your fun. First Aid.

Bees and Wasps
Bee stinger removal is the most common first aid myth of all.

Spiders, Snakes and Bugs that Pack a Venomous Punch
North America is pretty tame. Here are the critters most likely to ruin your day. Some are deadly, but most are just nasty.

Treatment of Skin Tears - First Aid
Skin tears are common as we age and our skin becomes more dry and delicate. Delicate skin can come apart with relatively little pressure.

Traveling in Extreme Cold
If you must travel in extreme cold, take a friend and make sure you're prepared for emergencies.

Frequently Asked Questions About Traumatic Brain Injury
Traumatic brain injury is in the news a lot more than it used to be. We now know that concussions are much more common than we realized, especially in contact sports and on the battlefields.

First Aid Kit Contents - Tour of a First Aid Kit - Adhesive Bandages
Almost every first aid kit lists adhesive bandages as a component. What are the uses?

First Aid Kit Contents - Tour of a First Aid Kit - Moleskin
Almost every first aid kit lists moleskin as a component. What are the uses?

First Aid Kit Contents - Tour of a First Aid Kit - Adhesive Tape
Every first aid kit lists adhesive tape as a component. What are the different kinds and which is best?

First Aid Kit Contents - Tour of a First Aid Kit - Elastic Bandages
Elastic bandages help hold stuff together and keep swelling at bay.

First Aid Kit Contents - Tour of a First Aid Kit - Scissors
Almost every first aid kit lists scissors as a component. What are the uses?

Toothache Remedies
You have a toothache but the dentist can't see you until Monday. What do you do?

Splinting an Ankle with a Pillow: Reassessment
Splinting an ankle can be difficult because of the shape. One way is to use a pillow to immobilize the injured ankle. These steps show how a pillow can be used to splint an ankle.

Can Long-Term Exposure to Carbon Monoxide Hurt Me?
Carbon monoxide is a gas that you cannot taste, smell or see and it can kill you. Any questions?

Things You Should Know About the ER
The emergency room is filled with people who don't have medical emergencies. If they'd read this, maybe they wouldn't have come.

Listeria Monocytogenes
Listeria monocytogenes causes listeriosis, which can lead to meningitis or encephalitis. Listeriosis is a food-borne illness commonly associated with dairy products, raw meats, some raw vegetables, and raw or smoked fish.

Is There A Carbon Monoxide Test?
Is there a test for carbon monoxide poisoning? A reader wonders if there is such a thing as a test for carbon monoxide poisoning.

Is It Illegal to Call 911 for a Non-Emergency?
Each state has different penalties for 911 misuse, but in most cases, abuse can lead to jail time and stiff fines.

Is Choking the Same as Strangulation?
The term choking is often used for two different things, but is that right? Are choking and strangulation the same thing?

Is cardiac arrest the same as a heart attack?
Cardiac arrest and heart attack are often mistaken for one another. What is the difference?

Teaching CPR to Kids
A study by physicians in the UK suggests that kids don't have the strength to properly compress the chest until they reach their teens.

Medical Symptoms Worthy of 911
Certain medical conditions can be subtle, but they could still be as life-threatening as a gunshot wound.

Summertime Safety Tips
Summer is a great time to play outdoors. Getting out and getting active means more potential to get hurt. Here are some tips and tools to help you stay safe in the summertime.

How to Treat Water with Bleach
Household bleach can remove organisms. Well water can become contaminated with organisms during a flood.

First Aid for Broken Bones
Even though a victim can use an extremity or bear weight on it, it may still be broken. Treat all extremity injuries as fractures until proven otherwise.

How to Treat an Opioid Overdose
Treatment for prescription opioid painkiller overdose is the same as for heroin overdose. Read this if someone you know is taking either one.

How to Treat Flail Chest
Instead of rigidly holding the normal shape of the chest, flail chest results in a segment of the chest wall flailing back and forth.

How to Treat a Seizure (Epilepsy and More)
Seizures are not life-threatening and are relatively easy to manage. Being calm is the most important step in treating a seizure.

Safety in Ocean Waters
The beach is a blast, but it has its dangers. Make sure you're ready for the beach and prepared to stay safe at play.

Marine Bites and Stings First Aid
The beach is a blast, but it has its dangers. Make sure you're ready for the beach and prepared to stay safe at play.

Beach Party Safety
The beach is a blast, but it has its dangers. Make sure you're ready for the beach and prepared to stay safe at play.

Amputation Treatment
Whether it's a leg amputation or a penis amputation, the treatment is essentially the same. Control bleeding and place the amputated limb into a bag for transport.

Signs and Symptoms of Stroke
Stroke is the third leading cause of death in the U.S. Timely recognition of the signs of a stroke could be the difference between life and death.

How to Recognize and Treat a Broken Leg
Broken legs can range from simply painful injuries to life-threatening emergencies. Learn to recognize a broken leg and how to respond to it.

How to Use an EpiPen During an Allergy Attack
EpiPen is an automatic injector of epinephrine that can be used through clothing to stop anaphylaxis. These steps show how to use an EpiPen.

How to Use a Tourniquet - Position Tourniquet Above the Wound
Tie the tourniquet around the injured arm or leg, several inches above the injury (the part of the limb closer to the heart). If the injury is below the elbow or knee, it may be necessary to tie the tourniquet above the joint.

First, Identify the Culprit
If you can figure out what kind of bug bit you, great! You can tailor the treatment to the critter.

Anaphylaxis
In my corner of the world, the only way a bug bite is going to kill you fast is through anaphylaxis.

You're (Probably) Not Going to Die
In North America at least, getting bitten by a bug isn't going to kill you...usually.

Ease the Pain
Making the pain and itching better is the only real treatment for most bug bites. Watch for diseases that some insects can transmit.

Stop Drop and Roll: What to Do When Clothes Are On Fire
Burning clothes create a serious emergency. Learn how to respond when your clothes are on fire.

Ice Safety Tips
There is no such thing as perfectly safe ice. Ice fishing or traveling over ice is safer if common sense and preparation are used.

Seconds Count During a Stroke
Don't take your time when you think it might be a stroke.

How to Tell if You're Having a Stroke: FAST
When you believe you or someone else might be having a stroke: Think FAST!

Facial Droop is One Sign of Stroke
A crooked smile might be more sinister than you think.

Weakness in One Arm is a Sign of Stroke
Get a grip on stroke by testing both arms.

Difficulty Speaking is a Sign of Stroke
Slurring your words could be a dangerous sign.

Stayin' Alive: Keeping CPR Time with the Bee Gees
This tip helps rescuers keep the proper rate while doing CPR.

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Splinting a Broken Arm
Splinting a broken arm is more art than science. These images help illustrate the use of a cardboard splint to immobilize a broken forearm.

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How To Flush Out Your Eyes
Flushing the eyes with water is the preferred treatment to remove foreign objects or chemical contamination from the eyes.

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Determine a Person's Pulse Rate: Method and Calculation
The pulse is the surge of blood that is pushed through the arteries. It is a vital sign that can tell a lot about a person's medical condition.

Call 911 Effectively
Calling 911 during an emergency can be very stressful. It's important to stay calm when calling 911.

Recognition, First Aid for Skull Fracture & Head Injury
A closed head injury is an injury to the brain inside an intact skull. Closed head injury comes from a blunt object.

Emergency Water Supply: How Much Water Is Enough?
Keep a 3 day supply of water at home to be prepared for a possible disaster. How long a 3 day supply will last depends on how thirsty you are.

The Five Signs of Irreversible Death
There's no such thing as symptoms of death. To figure out which victims are just too dead to be saved, emergency responders look for signs of death.

How Do Paramedics Choose a Hospital?
Paramedics put people in ambulances and take them to hospitals every day. How do the paramedics decide which hospital is the correct one?

Causes, Symptoms and Treatment for Shortness of Breath
Responding to most victims complaining of shortness of breath requires calling 911 and supporting them until the ambulance can arrive.

How can I Tell if a Cut is Infected?
An infected cut can lead to a serious illness if left untreated. So, how can you tell if a cut is infected?

How 911 Works and Common Misconceptions
Learn how 911 works and debunk misconceptions about 911.

Common Household Poisons
There are several household items that can lead to poisoning. It is very important to keep children away from these substances and to use caution when working with possible poisons.

Treatment of Heat Rash
Heat rash treatment depends on which type it is: friction rash or prickly heat.

Treatment of a Heart Attack
Heart attack treatment starts with you. If you have chest pain or other symptoms of a heart attack, always go to the ER rather than the doctor's office.

Medical Definition of Respiratory Arrest
The absence of breathing (apnea) or presence of agonal respirations and what to do about it when you see it.

The Difference Between Respiratory Arrest and Cardiac Arrest
Both are fatal, but cardiac arrest is slightly worse. Learn the difference.

Rescue Breathing
Rescue breathing can be an integral part of CPR or it can be used alone.

Rescue Breathing Step 2: Breathe
Breathe air into the lungs of a patient.

Rescue Breathing Step 3: Repeat
Repeat the process until help arrives or as necessary for the difficult patient you have.

Recovery Position: Questioning the Wisdom
For decades, first aid instructors have taught to put unconscious patients in the recovery position. Why?

Rat Poison Ingestion - First Aid and Symptoms
Most rat poisons use blood thinners to cause internal bleeding in rats, mice, and other rodents.

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Pictures of a Rattlesnake Bite in the Hospital
A rattlesnake bites a northern California bee keeper tending his hives. See the pictures of the bite and the rattlesnake.

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Frequently Asked Questions About CPR Certification
CPR certification might be required for your job. Here are 5 answers to frequently asked questions.

Facts About Tornado Safety
Do you know how to survive a tornado? These tornado tips will help you make good decisions during a twister.

Frostbite from Using an Ice Pack
It's possible to get frostbite when using an ice pack, if you don't do it properly. Ice properly and you shouldn't get burned.

Gallery of Fracture Pictures
Fractures are sometimes obvious and deformed, but other times they are subtle and hard to detect. These fracture pictures may help you understand how diverse fractures can look and feel.

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Basic First Aid: Awake?
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Basic First Aid: Breathing?
In the ABCs of first aid, this is B: Is the victim breathing? If not, here's what to do.

Basic First Aid: Continue Care Until the Ambulance Arrives
You have a victim who won't wake up but is breathing. 911 has been called and an ambulance is on the way. Here's what to do until the ambulance gets there.

Basic First Aid: When the Ambulance Is Not Coming
The ABC's up to this point assume that an ambulance is on the way or the hospital is not far. Sometimes, however, you're on your own for much longer. If that's the case, now's the time to treat simple injuries.

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Frostbite Pictures - Gallery of Frostbite Pictures
Frostbite can look like anything from a rash to skin literally coming apart. These frostbite pictures provide a way to recognize frostbite and discover how benign or serious frostbite can be.

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A sudden pop in the chest can lead to severe shortness of breath - especially if it is a collapsed lung.

Injuries on the Playground
Kids get hurt, no matter how hard we try to keep them safe.

Defining Roles in Pit Crew Resuscitation
Each member of a resuscitation team should have a defined role before they get to the patient's side.

How to Perform Pit Crew Cardiac Arrest Resuscitation
Emulating a race car pit crew during CPR can help professional rescuers better save lives during cardiac arrest.

Proper Pit Crew Resuscitation Takes Adequate Workspace
Don't try to work on cardiac arrest patients where it's too cramped or crowded. Determine the right space first and move the patient right away.

Rapid Assessment is Essential in Pit Crew Resuscitation
Trust your gut: if the patient looks like he or she isn't breathing, start CPR.

High Performance CPR in Pit Crew Resuscitation
There's no secret sauce: follow the American Heart Association's guidelines to the letter.

Pesticide Poisoning First Aid
Pesticides are chemicals that kill unwanted insects and animals. If pesticides get onto humans, they can kill us. Learn to recognize pesticide poisoning.

Performing CPR on Gasping Victims - First Aid
Bystanders hesitate to start pushing on the chest of a person gasping for air. So, is it OK to do CPR on an unconscious person who is gasping for air?

Packing a Disaster Evacuation Kit
Packing for an evacuation during a disaster can seem overwhelming. The trick is to break the task into smaller bites ahead of time.

Definition of Organ System
Definition of organ systems as well as a list of all organ systems in the human body.

Foreign Object in the Eye
An eyelash clinging to the whites of your eye is completely different than being stabbed through the eyeball and each requires its own type of treatment.

How to Treat Cut Fingers
These simple injuries can be treated at home with little more than an adhesive bandage and some soap.

How to Treat Cut Fingers: Clean It
First aid for cut fingers or other minor wounds mean keeping the injury clean more than stopping bleeding. These simple injuries can be treated at home with little more than an adhesive bandage and some soap.

How to Treat Cut Fingers: Just Add Ointment
First aid for cut fingers or other minor wounds mean keeping the injury clean more than stopping bleeding. These simple injuries can be treated at home with little more than an adhesive bandage and some soap.

How to Treat Cut Fingers: Bandage
First aid for cut fingers or other minor wounds mean keeping the injury clean more than stopping bleeding. These simple injuries can be treated at home with little more than an adhesive bandage and some soap.

Personal Protective Equipment
Personal protective equipment (PPE) is used by every healthcare provider to decrease the potential for infection.

Basic First Aid Steps: The ABC's
There is no substitute for hands-on first aid training. But just in case you are challenged with someone in need and haven't had CPR or first aid classes, follow these basic steps.

First Aid Kit Contents - Tour of a First Aid Kit - Tweezers
Many first aid kits list tweezers as a component. What are the uses?

First Aid Kit Contents Tour
The descriptions of first aid kits all list the same items, but what do you do with those items? Here is a description of everything in a first aid kit and when it should be used.

First Aid Kit Contents - Tour of a First Aid Kit - Exam Gloves
Many first aid kits list exam gloves as a component. What are the uses?

Tour of a First Aid Kit - Triangular Bandage (Cravat)
Almost every first aid kit lists a triangular bandage as a component. What are the uses?

First Aid Kit Contents - Tour of a First Aid Kit - Gauze
Almost every first aid kit lists gauze as a component. What are the uses?

First Aid - Overview and Description
'First aid' is a catch-all phrase that refers to two distinctly different medical needs. Learn more about First Aid, here.

Before You Save a Life: Understanding Medical Consent
Before you help someone in an emergency, you must obtain consent. Learn the rules for medical consent that affect rescuers.

Medical Definition of Scope of Practice
It is in the paramedic scope of practice to give injections through muscle, under skin or directly into a vein. Paramedics are not usually licensed to suture wounds.

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What You Need to Know About EpiPen Use
EpiPen is an automatic injector of epinephrine used for emergency treatment of anaphylaxis. Using the EpiPen is only partially about how to administer it; It's also important to check the expiration date and properly discard it when you are finished.

What You Need to Know About EpiPen Use
EpiPen is an automatic injector of epinephrine used for emergency treatment of anaphylaxis. Using the EpiPen is only partially about how to administer it; It's also important to check the expiration date and properly discard it when you are finished.

What You Need to Know About EpiPen Use
EpiPen is an automatic injector of epinephrine used for emergency treatment of anaphylaxis. Using the EpiPen is only partially about how to administer it; It's also important to check the expiration date and properly discard it when you are finished.

What You Need to Know About EpiPen Use
EpiPen is an automatic injector of epinephrine used for emergency treatment of anaphylaxis. Using the EpiPen is only partially about how to administer it; It's also important to check the expiration date and properly discard it when you are finished.

What You Need to Know About EpiPen Use
EpiPen is an automatic injector of epinephrine used for emergency treatment of anaphylaxis. Using the EpiPen is only partially about how to administer it; It's also important to check the expiration date and properly discard it when you are finished.

What You Need to Know About EpiPen Use
EpiPen is an automatic injector of epinephrine used for emergency treatment of anaphylaxis. Using the EpiPen is only partially about how to administer it; It's also important to check the expiration date and properly discard it when you are finished.

Layers of the Skin
The layers of the skin are a lot like the layers of soil in a flowerbed. Each has its use and all the skin layers (or soil) work together to provide nutrients and protection for the stuff growing in it.

Pool Safety Tips
Follow these tips to keep your pool or spa safe for kids and adults.

Pneumothorax: AKA Collapsed Lung
Pneumothorax can easily become a life-threatening condition if not treated promptly and properly.

First Aid Kits
For those who don't want to take the time and effort necessary to build a first aid kit, these ready-made first aid kits offer a quick way to stock the medicine cabinet or car. Ready-to-use, however, doesn't always mean the best bet.

How to Treat an Avulsion
Avulsions can be difficult to treat because of the amount of damage they cause. They are common in animal bites and motorcycle accidents.

How to Disinfect Water by Boiling
Boiling is the best method to remove organisms from water. Learn more about making water safe to drink.

How to Become a CPR Instructor
There are a lot of different reasons one might want or need to become a CPR instructor, but there are also several steps one must follow to become one.

Does Honey Cure Coughing?
No it's not a cure, but there is evidence that honey keeps coughing down better than over-the-counter cough suppressants.

Step 3 - Twist and Secure the Windlass
Twist the windlass to increase the pressure until the bleeding stops. Secure the windlass by tying one or both ends to the victim's arm or leg.

Step 2 - Add a Windlass
Place a stick or other item strong enough to act as a windlass on the knot and tie the loose ends of the tourniquet around it in another square knot.

Top Stethoscopes for Gifts
Stethoscopes are required equipment for any medical care provider and they make wonderful gifts.

Signs and Symptoms of MRSA
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus,or MRSA, is a type of bacterial infection that can be difficult to properly identify and treat.

Definition of Mechanism of Injury
A low-speed fender-bender in a parking lot is much less likely to cause a life-threatening injury than a rollover accident on the freeway.

Mixing Bleach and Ammonia
Chlorine gas is released when ammonia and bleach are mixed together. With all the cleaning agents that contain either bleach or ammonia, exposure to chlorine gas is quite common. It's important to know what to do if it happens.

Medical Alert Systems: Choosing the Best One for You
Medical alert systems give seniors a way to summon help in case they are unable to get to a phone.

What information should be on my medical jewelry?
Many people wear medical jewelry to help healthcare providers treat them in an emergency. But, what information is truly useful for paramedics and others?

Medical Jewelry and Other Emergency Devices
Medical alert jewelry could save your life tomorrow. These are the types of medical jewelry available.

Beach Safety Tips
The beach is a blast, but it has its dangers. Make sure you're ready for the beach and prepared to stay safe at play.

Beach Sun Safety
The beach is a blast, but it has its dangers. Make sure you're ready for the beach and prepared to stay safe at play.

Splinting an Ankle with a Pillow: Assessment
Splinting an ankle can be difficult because of the shape. One way is to use a pillow to immobilize the injured ankle. These steps show how a pillow can be used to splint an ankle.

Splinting an Ankle with a Pillow: Assessment
Splinting an ankle can be difficult because of the shape. One way is to use a pillow to immobilize the injured ankle. These steps show how a pillow can be used to splint an ankle.

Splinting an Ankle with a Pillow: Position the Ankle
Splinting an ankle can be difficult because of the shape. One way is to use a pillow to immobilize the injured ankle. These steps show how a pillow can be used to splint an ankle.

Splinting an Ankle with a Pillow: Wrapping the Ankle
Splinting an ankle can be difficult because of the shape. One way is to use a pillow to immobilize the injured ankle. These steps show how a pillow can be used to splint an ankle.

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Functial Assessment of a Limb: CMS
Assessing the functionality of an injured limb is all about the circulation, sensation and motion.

Review of Fieldtex First Aid Kit
Prefilled first aid kits like this one are intended to cover a lot of bases. Do it cheaper by building your own, but it can be a lot of work.

What First Aid Items can go on Airline Flights?
Current restrictions on liquids for those on airline flights may mean adjusting first aid kits to remove any banned items.

Concussions and Traumatic Brain Injuries
Concussion or traumatic brain injury, is there really a difference or is it just semantics?

Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA)
Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) takes a long time to happen, but often isn't noticed until things suddenly change.

How To Survive Flash Floods in Your Car
Almost half of all flash flood deaths happen in vehicles. Know what to do when driving in a flooded area. Don't be a victim of flooding in your car.

Sex and Safety: Chest Pain Erectile Dysfunction
Erectile dysfunction is a common issue among men. Thus, drugs to treat erectile dysfunction are very popular, but they can potentially be dangerous.

Anaphylaxis Treatment: Remove the Allergen
Remove allergens to reduce anaphylaxis.

Anaphylaxis Treatment: Epinephrine
Epinephrine stops anaphylactic reactions in their tracks. It is administered with an auto-injector syringe.

Injuries from Falls in the Elderly
Falls in the elderly are responsible for more hospitalizations and deaths than any other cause of injury. These are the most common injuries from falls in the elderly.

Avoiding Hypothermia
When the weather is extremely cold, and especially if there are high winds, try to stay indoors. Make any trips outside as brief as possible.

Avoiding Hypothermia Outdoors
When the weather is extremely cold, and especially if there are high winds, try to stay indoors. Make any trips outside as brief as possible.

Avoiding Hypothermia Outdoors
When the weather is extremely cold, and especially if there are high winds, try to stay indoors. Make any trips outside as brief as possible.

Avoiding Hypothermia Outdoors
When the weather is extremely cold, and especially if there are high winds, try to stay indoors. Make any trips outside as brief as possible.

First Aid: Basic Tips and Tools
Know the steps to care for victims when they need it most.

First Aid Quiz - Quiz on Firstaid - First Aid Quizzes
Quiz yourself on various first aid topics.

Spider Bite Blister - Gallery of Spider Bite Pictures
Infected wounds are often blamed on spider bites. Unfortunately, it's really hard to tell if a spider is really the culprit. Many bug bites look just like spider bites, and almost any small, infected cut can be mistaken for a spider bite. These pictures show some of the damage spider bites can do and how the classic versions may look. Page 19.

Bullseye Pattern of Spider Bites - Gallery of Spider Bite Pictures
Infected wounds are often blamed on spider bites. Unfortunately, it's really hard to tell if a spider is really the culprit. Many bug bites look just like spider bites, and almost any small, infected cut can be mistaken for a spider bite. These pictures show some of the damage spider bites can do and how the classic versions may look. Page 17.

Not a Brown Recluse Bite - Gallery of Spider Bite Pictures
Infected wounds are often blamed on spider bites. Unfortunately, it's really hard to tell if a spider is really the culprit. Many bug bites look just like spider bites, and almost any small, infected cut can be mistaken for a spider bite. These pictures show some of the damage spider bites can do and how the classic versions may look. Page 60.