Food Reference Sitemap - Page 1 2016-09-26

What Are Dutch Ovens?
Dutch ovens are a multi-purpose piece of cookware that can be used to saute, fry, bake, roast, braise, or stew. Le Creuset and Lodge are two popular manufacturers of cast iron Dutch ovens.

Tian - Roasted Vegetables with Cheese
A French tian is a popular way to eat roasted vegetables. This traditional layered dish from Provence makes a lovely appearance on the table.

"Sell-By" vs "Best-By" Dates on Food

The Complete Guide to Buying, Preping, and Storing Pineapples
Pineapple is a tropical fruit that has a wide variety of culinary uses, both sweet and savory.

Marinating Do's and Don'ts for Flavorful Meats
Marinating tenderizes meat and infuses flavor. These helpful hints will make your marinade effective and flavorful!


Chocolate's Health Benefits and Many Uses
Chocolate has a long history and rich nutrient profile. Find out how to shop for chocolate, what to look for and why, here.

Broaden your culinary knowledge with detailed information about basic, ethnic and unusual ingredients. Explore ingredient flavor profiles, uses, varieties and availability.

Food Additives
Ingredient list on many packaged foods are often filled with words that sound like a foreign language. Explore common food additives to find out what they are, how they are produced, and why they are added to our food.

Food Reference: Learn About Ingredients, Terms, Techniques, and More
Learn about different ingredients, ethnic foods, cooking tips, cooking techniques, food history, and more with our Expert-guided Food Reference site.

The Most Popular Condiments You Need to Know and Have on Hand
Condiments can make a meal, especially a spring or summer barbecue. What are the five most popular condiments and health benefits.

5 Reasons Tomatoes Should be on Your Shopping List Today
Tomatoes are delicious, versatile and super tasty when freshly picked and even quickly canned. The health benefits are as abundant as its uses.

What does that Kosher symbol mean on your morning box of cereal? Is kosher is cleaner, and safer, and thus overall better? Find out here.

How to Choose Cooking Oils
Want to know what the best oils are for cooking? Have you considered their smoke point or how they will taste. Here is your guide to cooking with oil.

Food Terminology
Nearly every culture and language has contributed to the culinary dictionary. Decode your recipes with these easy to understand definitions.

Glossaries with quick definitions of food and cooking terminology.

Fatty Foods: Why You Can't Live Without Them
Fat is key to good health. Find out why you can't live without it and what foods are the healthiest sources. Learn about vitamin A, vitamin D and more

Aloe Vera: Should You Be Eating It
From bone disorders to diabetes to wrinkles and more. Aloe vera helps boost your body's health and improve the look of your skin.

Protein What is it and Why Do You Need it?
Protein is hugely popular these days, but do you know what protein actually is and what foods are the best sources?

What are Sulfites in Food?
Love dried fruit or the convenience of precut produce? You might be getting more than you bargained for. Look out for sulfites.

Pasta Basics You Need to Know
Pasta often gets a bad rap, and sometimes for good reason as today’s serving of pasta is about six to eight times larger than before!

Omega-3 Rich Foods Defined
Do you know your omega-3s? From egg cartons to the fish department, omegas are a hot claim and you want to make sure what you are buying is worth the price.

Ingredient Substitutions
Whether you've run out of an ingredient, can't find it in your local store or just prefer not to use it, many ingredients can be successfully substituted without greatly impacting the flavor or texture of your food. Find suitable substitutions for your most common ingredients here.

Ethnic Ingredients
Unfamiliar ingredients can make cooking ethnic dishes intimidating. Learn about common and uncommon ethnic ingredients including history, uses, flavor profiles, where to buy.

Ingredients - Basics
Everything you need to know about your pantry basics and common ingredients including uses, common varieties and proper storage.

Salad Greens: Varieties You Need to Know
Are you bored with the salads and lettuce you’ve been eating? Well this list will have you excited to eat your greens.

Lemons: 5 Alternative Uses and Nutrition
We don't always have to rely on cleaning products for our household chores. Find out how you can use lemons around the house and nutrition benefits.

Tips & Techniques
Use these tips and tricks to navigate your kitchen like a pro. Learn the real shortcuts and techniques the professionals use to improve efficiency and skill in the kitchen.

Food Safety
Food poisoning affects most people at least once in their lives and can be quite serious. A few simple steps during food storage, preparation, and cooking can greatly reduce the likelihood of food borne illnesses.

Step by Step Tutorials
Use these step by step picture tutorials to learn new cooking and baking techniques.

Foods to Fight Inflammation
Inflammation is said to be the root cause of many chronic conditions, so what is it and what foods will help us fight it?

7 Items to Keep Out of Your Refrigerator
Are you unnecessarily refrigerating certain foods? Here are the top seven items to keep out of the refrigerator.

Best Freezer Storage Tips for Food
Have you ever wondered when walking by an amazing sale in the supermarket if you could buy in bulk and freeze what you didn’t need immediately?

Should You Eat Dark Meat Chicken?
If you’ve been avoiding dark meat because you think white meat is healthier, read why you should choose dark meat, and for some money saving tips.

Soy: from cheese to flour
Confused about soy products? Here is your guide to are some of the different types of soy foods in the supermarket and on menus.

- By Category
An index of categories in the

Asian Ingredients
Ingredients used in Asian cuisine, including Japanese, Chinese, Thai, and Vietnamese, are making their way across the globe and gaining fans at record speeds.

Scallop Varieties, Purchasing, and Storage
Scallops are a mollusk with sweet, tender flesh that provides low fat protein and valuable omega-3 fatty acids.

What is Kombucha and What are the Health Claims?
Kombucha is a fermented beverage made from tea and a yeast and bacterial culture.

What Are Nuts? Nuts and their Use in the Culinary World
Technically, what we call. Food Reference.

Umami - the Fifth Flavor Sensation
Umami is one of the five taste sensation and can be described as savory, meaty, or brothy. Although its flavor is subtle, it plays a major roll in the sensory experience of eating.

The History of Turkey - Cultural Symbol in the Americas
Turkeys have been an important part of cultures across both North and South America throughout history. Learn how the turkey went from a sacred representation of an Aztec god to the center piece of our Thanksgiving feast.

How to Cook and Use Couscous
Couscous is a small, granular pasta made out of semolina wheat flour.

All About Creme Fraiche
Creme fraiche is a cultured dairy product that is popular in Europe and gaining momentum in the United States. Similar to sour cream but with a higher butterfat content, creme fraiche is used as a topping and ingredient in many dishes, both savory and sweet.

Egg Terminology and Information
A glossary of words and terminology related to eggs.

Boiling Point of Water at Various Altitudes
As your altitude increases, the boiling point of water decreases. Check your altitude to see if you are cooking at a lower temperature than expected.

Ascorbic Acid and its Use in Food
Discover what ascorbic acid is, where it can be found in nature, how it is manufactured commercially, and why it is used in our food.

Slow Cooker Do's and Don'ts
The Do's and Don'ts of using a slow cooker, plus quick tips to make your slow cooker safe and effective.

Common Methods of Food Preservation
Common methods of food preservation and the mechanisms behind them. From ancient to new, how humans keep food safe and delicious.

Star Anise Description, Uses, and Storage
Star anise is a potent spice common in Asian and Indian cuisine. Learn how to purchase, store, and use this unique spice.

Horseradish Profile - Varieties and Uses
Horseradish is a spicy condiment made from the root of the horseradish plant and is common in cuisines across Europe and Asia.

What Is Sriracha Sauce? History and Uses
Sriracha Sauce is a multi-purpose hot sauce that is deliciously addictive. Learn all about it.

Banana Facts You Need to Know Before You Bite
Sweet, soft and season-less they are available year round - bananas are a good source of vitamin C, potassium and dietary fiber.

Don't Miss Out on Fiber Rich Foods
With the plethora of things to think about on a daily basis, don't forget fiber. Your health depends on it.

Sesame Seeds are Nutrient Dense and Delicious
Ever wondered where the sesame seed comes from, and if it’s really worthwhile to sprinkle on your salads, use in hummus, and crust your chicken with?

Onions to Radishes How to Shop: Your Guide
We all know how important it is to eat a variety of veggies; here is a guide so you will be well equipped when heading to your local grocer.

Fresh Produce 101: How to Pick
From beans to broccoli to mushrooms, how to pick the freshest veggies in the store and some specific tips on keeping them fresh at home.

How to Pick The Freshest Veggies: Your Guide
We all know that it’s important to eat our veggies. But how do we keep them fresh even after a few days at home? Find out here.

Flax, Hemp and Chia: What You Need to Know
Seeds pack a powerful punch. Here are some of the most nutrient dense seeds, those rich in the essential fatty acids; flax, chia and hemp.

Hemp, Soy, Goat, Coconut: What You Need to Know About These Milks
Milk means much more than just cows milk today. There are a variety of choices in milk products, and alternatives ranging from oat to goat.

Bean Varieties You Don't Want to Miss
Now that you know why you should eat beans - here are 10 varieties you need to know.

Rice Types What You Need To Know
Rice seems straightforward, but with over 100,000 varieties it can actually get pretty complicated! Read on to find out the basics here.

Grains are derived from various grasses and contain high levels of carbohydrates.

Foods And Tips to Boost Energy Naturally
Looking to boost energy this time of year? Well you might want to think twice before grabbing an energy drink. Here are some foods that will help

Beans Your Easy Guide
Besides being delicious and versatile, virtually all types of beans are nutrition powerhouses. Find out what you need to know about beans today!

Baobab: Do You Know This Superfood?
Known for producing an extremely nutritious fruit, find out exactly why you should be eating the fruit from the “up-side down” tree today!

How to Make Perfect Hard Boiled Eggs - Step 3: Heat the Eggs
How to Make Perfect Hard Boiled Eggs - Step 3: Bring the eggs to a boil over medium/high heat.

How to Make Perfect Hard Boiled Eggs - Step 5: Cover and Let Sit
How to Make Perfect Hard Boiled Eggs - Step 5: Cover the pot and let sit for 15 minutes.

How to Make Perfect Hard Boiled Eggs
How to Make Perfect Hard Boiled Eggs - Step by Step

How to Make Perfect Hard Boiled Eggs - Step 2: Cover With Water
How to Make Perfect Hard Boiled Eggs - Step 2: Cover the eggs with water.

How to Make Perfect Hard Boiled Eggs - Step 4: Bring to a Boil
How to Make Perfect Hard Boiled Eggs - Step 4: Bring the pot to a rapid boil.

How to Make Perfect Hard Boiled Eggs - Step 6: Ice Bath
How to Make Perfect Hard Boiled Eggs - Step 6: Place the eggs in an ice bath to stop cooking.

How to Make Perfect Hard Boiled Eggs - Step 7: Peel the Egg
How to Make Perfect Hard Boiled Eggs - Step 7: Peel the egg.

Turkey Facts You Need to Know for Thanksgiving Shopping
Thanksgiving is days away and that means turkey time! Do you know how to choose the best for you and your family?

Squash Varieties Explained
It’s the season of the festive and flavorful squash. Delicious and decorative squash varieties are good for everything from soup to centerpieces.

Spices 101: why they should be in your shopping cart today
Have you ever stopped to think about the spices in your pantry, beyond the great flavor they impart onto your food? Now's the time to start spicing up your meals!

Tasting tea is as artful as tasting wine, and during the colder months, who isn’t looking for a delicious hot beverage that is also healthy.

Artichokes Are A Nutrition Powerhouse: Your Guide
Did you know your favorite artichoke dip was a nutrition powerhouse? Find out why and more here.

Iron In Your Food: Your Guide
What do kale, beef, beans and blackstrap molasses have in common? If you guessed iron, you guessed it right!

Folate for Optimal Health: Foods to Shop for Today
Do you know why you need folate and what foods it’s found in? Did you know it's needed for all life stages, not just pregnancy? Find out more here!

Apples For All Tastes: Your Guide
Apples grow in every state in the continental US and it’s fall and that means that apple season is in full swing!

How to Shop Lactose Free
Have you ever felt bloated after eating a slice of pizza? If it happens often after eating dairy products, you might be lactose intolerant.

Everything You Need to Know About Pistachios
The happy nut or smiling nut, how ever you refer to pistachios there is no denying their health benefits. They also offer easy portion control!

Magnesium Uses and Benefits
Magnesium is beneficial for stress relief, staying regular, men’s and women’s health, energy, sleep, cardiovascular health and so much more.

Everything You Need to Know about Taproots
Your guide to taproot vegetables

Palm Oil Good or Bad?
Palm oil has been in and out of vogue over the past few decades, gaining polarized media attention regarding its health and environmental implications - and for good reason.

Salt Basics
Salt is a staple for life and health, and has been used throughout history in many different capacities. Find out the basics before you shop for salt here.

Kasha, Soba It's All Buckwheat: What You Need to Know
Buckwheat is a gluten free food and contains various flavonoids that provide powerful antioxidant protection against free radicals in the body.

How To Use Garlic: It All Starts With the Perfect Chop
How to Use Garlic: It All Starts with the Perfect Chop. Do you know how to use it and why you should?

Mushroom Basics You Can't Miss
Mushrooms might not make you magical, but they can improve your health. They are rich in immune supportive nutrients and make a great meat substitute.

Kitchen Knife Primer - Common Kitchen Knives
Using the correct knife in the kitchen can make tasks easier and safer. The shape, size, and type of blade create unique assets to each knife. Learn the basics about the most common types kitchen knives and how each should be used.

Dairy Free Calcium Rich Foods
When most of us hear calcium we automatically dairy foods - but there are a plethora of calcium rich foods that are dairy free. Find out here.

Bottled Water: What’s the Difference
Bottled water might seem like a luxury or a must have depending on what you've heard. Find out here how to read labels and see what's right for you.

Parsnips Your Guide
Love root vegetables, or looking to try something new? Grab a parsnip; they are deliciously sweet, satisfying and nutritious.

Antioxidants 101
Antioxidants protect cells from the damage caused by unstable molecules known as free radicals. Find out the best free radical fighting foods here!

Moringa Uses and Benefits
Moringa should be on your nutrition radar! Moringa leaves produce a tart tasting, dry powder that is remarkably high in protein and nutrient dense.

Shallots: Use this Small but Powerful Vegetable in Your Cooking
Gram for gram, shallots have more antioxidant activity than the strongest yellow onions and contain six times more antioxidant phenols than the mildest Vidalias.

Buffalo or Bison? What's the Difference
What’s the difference between buffalo and bison? Nothing, besides an official scientific name! Bison meat is highly nutritious and easy to cook.

Fast Facts About Apple Cider Vinegar
You probably have a bottle of apple cider vinegar in your pantry right now. But did you know it has a variety of uses positive effects on your health.

Carrots: Your Guide
Early carrots date back 5000 years! You might be surprised but, during the Middle Ages, French women used carrot leaves to decorate hair and hats and carrot juice was used to make butter a more appealing color.

Honey Is Rich In Antioxidants and Everything Else You Need to Know
The combined properties of honey can lead to a healthy immune system, providing protection from colds and flu, as well as boosting resistance to seasonal allergies.

Sweet vs Cultured: How to Use Various Types of Butter
Do You Know how to Cook with Butter? What's the Differences Between Types of Butters?

Hemp Foods 101
Hemp foods are practically mainstream! But are they safe and should you be eating them? The answer might surprise you!

Interpreting Food Labels: Food Gums
Ever wonder what the “gums” on ingredient lists actually are? Find out which you might want to avoid and which are great substitutions here.

Should You Be Using Agave Syrup?
Ferment it, and you have tequila, tap and refine or filter the sap and you’ve got nectar or syrup. You guessed it, it's the agave plant. Find out more here.

Coffee Labels Have You Confused
There is so much to think about when choosing your cup of Joe, the last thing you want is to be confused by the other labels on the package. Find out what they mean here.

Everything You Need to Know About Blueberries
Little blueberries may lead to smaller bellies. That's right, blueberries might help you loose weight! Find out other health benefits and how to shop here.

What is Coconut Flour
Coconut flour is an increasingly popular alternative to wheat flour for adding variety to baked goods and batters, and for those avoiding grains.

Food Trends for 2015
Wondering how the supermarket and your foods will change in the coming year? Check out our trends: fermented foods, smoked foods, healthy snacking and craft name just a few!

Confused About "Natural Flavors?"
Ever wonder what

Baking, But Don’t Have Eggs? Here Are Easy Swaps
Ever wondered if you could bake a delicious cake, muffins or cookies without one of the key ingredients, eggs?

What Is Flour? - Definition, Components & Varieties
There are many varieties of flour on the market today and with a little basic knowledge you’ll be able to navigate the baking aisle like a pro. Learn about the components, characteristics and best uses for the most common varieties of flour.

Oyster Sauce - Food Reference Guide
Oyster sauce is a sweet and savory sauce with a deep earthy flavor provided by oyster juices that have been cooked down and caramelized. This all purpose sauce is great on noodles, stir fry, meat, seafood, and vegetables.

Decoding The Egg Carton Claims
Eggs are great any time of the day; but with increasing egg prices, you want to make sure you know what you are and are not paying for. Don't be fooled by misleading labels.

Fermented Foods 101
Fermented foods offer a plethora of benefits and boast a long culinary history. Find out what the various fermented foods are and how they can benefit your digestion and more.

Everything You Need to Know about Radicchio
Curious about radicchio and what the different varieties are and where they came from? Find out here as well as why you should be eating radicchio today.

Fennel Basics
The fennel plant is aromatic and used in flavoring; the blanched shoots are eaten as a vegetable; and the seed combats gas!

Nuts for Nuts? How to Shop
Nuts are a healthy, easy and versatile snack or addition to almost any meal. Read on for how to shop, store and save when you're buying nuts.

Coffee Basics You Need to Know
Second only to oil, coffee is the most valuable legally traded commodity in the world. And these days, ordering a cup of coffee takes some serious skill.

Shopping for Chicken
Chicken is a go to animal protein, but shopping for chicken can get confusing as there are so many label claims to keep track of, find out what really matters here.

What is Zucchini?
If there were one word to describe the incredible zucchini, that word would be… prolific. Zucchini is delicious and nutritious find out why you should be eating it today.

Should You Be Eating Spriulina?
Spirulina is an ancient nutrient dense food. It contains all of the essential amino acids, making it a great additional source of plant protein in many of our diets.

Confused by Natural Sweeteners? Here's Your 101
Confused by the term natural? Here are a few natural alternatives to refined sugar. Some have fewer or even zero calories, but do keep in mind that all should be consumed in moderation

Smoking Points of 16 Most Popular Cooking Fats & Oils
Unlike other liquids, the boiling point of oil is not as important in the kitchen as its smoke point. Here are the cooking oil smoking points to know.

Pecans are Not Just for Pie!
Pecans are packed with a variety of vitamins, minerals and phytonutrients beneficial for good health.

Why Avocados Should be an Everyday Food
A ripe avocado is a rich source of vitamins, minerals, phytochemicals, healthy fats and fiber.

What is Jasmine Rice: Varieties, Prep, and Where to Buy
What is jasmine rice? It is an aromatic rice with a mellow nutty flavor that is particularly popular in Southeast Asian cuisine. Learn about jasmine rice.

Chickpeas Are Foundational For Good Health And Have Been For Centuries
Chickpeas, one of the most widely consumed legumes in the world are extremely nutritious. Find out why and how you can include them in your diet today.

Strawberries Are Good for Your Heart and Blood Sugar Balance
It's strawberry season; strawberries boast a litany of health benefits - they are even good for your heart! Find out why and how to shop for strawberries here.

The roots, leaves, and stalks of plants are considered vegetables. Learn more about vegetables, how they can be prepared, and how to best purchase and store them.

Green Tea, Why You Should Have Some in Your Cup Today
Thinking of trying green tea? Or need to be reminded of the benefits of your brew? Find out what you need to know about green tea now.

What You Need to Know About Potassium Rich Foods and Your Health
Do you mind your sodium but forget the potassium? Find out what you need to know about potassium and how you can get it through your foods here.

4 Spices You Should Always Have in Your Pantry
The spices in your pantry offer much more than just imparting great flavor into your food, herbs and spices, show tremendous promise in the prevention and maintenance of good health and might even combat obesity and heart disease.

Garlic is Bursting with Health Benefits
Garlic is bursting with health benefits; each clove is full of nutrients. Did you know there are many different varieties to choose from?

Allergy, Sensitivity, Intolerance; Confused? You are not alone
If you suffer from vomiting, diarrhea, eczema, hives, skin rashes, wheezing and a runny nose - it could be an allergic reaction

Eat Cherries to Boost Your Workout Recovery
Cherries are delicious, nutritious and can help your workout be more effective

Spruce Up Your Meals With Sprouts
Sprouts flavor vary by type from spicy to mild, delicate to crunchy.

Fish Sauce from A to Z
Fish Sauce Might Just Be The Secret Ingredient You've Been Searching For

Maple Syrup: A natural sweetener with a long history
Maple syrup is nutrient rich, has three times the sweetness of sugar and a great source of minerals

Your One Stop Guide to Herbs: Fresh and Dry
Fresh Herbs, how to shop, store, and what to look for and why

Is Asparagus the Key to the Fountain of Youth?
Asparagus is truly one of nature's superfoods!

Are You Sprinkling Cinnamon on Your Food?
Cinnamon boosts cognitive function and memory, treats rheumatism, helps digestion, relieves certain menstrual disorders and inhibits bacterial growth

Dates are More than Just a Sweet Treat
Dates boost your energy while satisfying your hunger, and your body benefits from their health-promoting nutrients

Why Eat More Walnuts?
Walnuts have a rich history dating back thousands of years, as they are the oldest tree food known to man, dating back to 7000 BC.

Coconuts, Diet Friend or Foe?
Coconut products are everywhere, but are they healthy and should you add them to your shopping list?

Should You be Sprinkling Flax on Your Food?
The amazing health benefits of flax seeds should not be ignored. One might call them a perfect ingredient to add to all foods and beverages.

How Long to Keep Food
Using your nose to determine if food has gone bad is not only inaccurate, but it can be quite dangerous. Use this guide to help determine how long you should keep your food to stay safe and prevent food borne illness.

Traditional Foods for New Years Celebrations
Most cultures have traditional foods used to celebrate the new year and symbolize health, wealth, longevity, and prosperity.

Why Champagne is Special
Champagne is a versatile beverage and can be paired with many types of foods as it contains high levels of acidity and a small amount of sugar.

What Is Brown Sugar? Uses & Varieties
Brown sugar contains molasses, which is responsible for its rich color and flavor. Learn about the varieties of brown sugar, including sugar in the raw, turbinado, Muscovado, and demerara, as well as how to make your own brown sugar and how to soften brown sugar.

Why Does Milk Curdle?
Milk curdles for a variety of reasons, some good and some bad. When you understand the mechanism behind why milk curdles, it becomes a lot less frightening.

How is Cheese Made?
Cheese making can be a simple and quick or a lengthy process involving many steps. From curdling to aging and ripening, cheese making is an art form that has taken millennia to perfect.

What is Annatto? - Culinary Definition
Annatto, a popular food coloring, is made from the seeds of the achiote tree. Annatto is also a popular ingredient in South and Central American cuisine.

How to Tell an Egg is Fresh
Learn a variety of methods to test eggs for freshness. Plus, what you can do with eggs that are less than fresh.

Molasses Definition and Information
Molasses is the dark, rich, slightly sweet byproduct of the sugar making process. It is used as a sweetener and flavoring in many baked goods, as well as classic Boston baked beans.

Kefir - What It Is, How It Differs From Yogurt
This cultured milk product originated in Eastern Europe but has gained widespread popularity for its flavor and frothy, slightly carbonated texture.

The History of Doughnuts
This history of doughnuts including the origin, name, shape, automation, and doughnuts today.

What is SPAM? - Food Reference
Spam is a spiced canned ham product that rose to popularity during World War II. Although designed as a luncheon meat, Spam now has hundreds of uses. Spam is no longer just the canned mystery meat but it is now a pop culture icon.

What are Lentils?
Lentils are a small, disc shaped legume that is high in protein and fiber. Lentils are an inexpensive source of protein and are a staple food in many cultures throughout the world.

What Is Chorizo and Where Can You Buy It?
Chorizo is a variety of heavily seasoned sausage, either cured or fresh, that is common in Spanish and Mexican cuisine.

Functions of Fat in Food
Fats and oils play many important rolls in the creation and enjoyment of the food we eat. From flavor to texture and nutrition, fats greatly impact the quality of food.

How to Keep an Avocado From Turning Brown
No one likes to let leftover avocado go to waste. Use these tips to keep a cut avocado fresh and green.

What Are Chayotes? - Description, Uses & Buying Guide
Chayotes are a light green, pear shaped fruit that are common in Mexico and other warm climates. Their mild flesh has a crisp texture and a mild flavor similar to a cucumber or summer squash.

What Are Marshmallows?
Marshmallows are a popular candy with a history dating back to the ancient Egyptians. These fluffy white treats are a big part of American traditions today.

Mayonnaise vs. Aioli - Differences and Similarities
Mayonnaise and aioli have almost become synonymous in the American culinary scene as Chef's scramble to make humble mayonnaise sound more appealing. Although the two sauces have similarities, they are actually quite different.

Cellulose Definition - Common Food Additives
Cellulose is a popular food additive used as a stabilizer, emulsifier, thickener, calorie reducer, and anti-caking agent. Although cellulose is found in almost all plant matter, it is often derived from wood pulp or cotton.

The Five Basic Sauces
Most sauces are derived from the five basic

Marmite - History, Nutrition, and Uses.
Marmite is a salty, savory spread made from yeast extract that is popular in the United Kingdom and New Zealand. Learn all about Marmite including history, uses, nutritional content, and where to buy.

Beef Steak Varieties - Cuisine Terms
There are many different types of beef steak available, each with its own flavor, texture, and appropriate method for cooking. Before you head out to your local steakhouse or invite your neighbors over for some backyard grilling, review these basic types of beef steak.

Whipping Egg Whites - Culinary Techniques
There is a science to whipping egg whites into the perfect airy foam. Use these tips to get the most volume out of your egg whites for perfect meringues and angel food cakes!

The Twinkie Myth - Will It Stay Fresh Forever?
Dispelling the myth that the popular snack cake, Twinkies, will stay fresh for years, even decades and can survive a nuclear war.

How is Salt Made?
Humans have been making salt since the beginning of time. Today there are two main methods for making salt: sea water evaporation and mining of rock salt.

Cornmeal vs. Grits vs. Polenta - Food Reference
Cornmeal, grits, and polenta are all ground corn products. Find out how they are similar and what makes each unique.

What is White Sugar? Definition and Function
White sugar is crystalline sucrose, comes in many varieties, and is responsible for many chemical reactions in cooking and baking.

Citric Acid - Examples of Food Additives
Citric acid is a weak organic acid found in many fruits and vegetables. On an industrial level, citric acid is produced with the help of special mold, and used as a flavor enhancer and preservative in food.

How to Order Eggs
Learn how to use the correct terminology to order eggs just the way you like them.

What Is Yeast? - Description and Uses
Yeast is a single celled organism with a wide variety of applications in food production.

What is Xanthan Gum? Uses and Availability
Xanthan gum is a polysaccharide created by bacteria during fermentation of carbohydrates. Because it creates a gel with water, it is added to food products to enhance the appearance, texture, and stability.

Coffee Basics - varieties, roasts, and storage.
Learn the basics on how coffee is made, different coffee varieties, and how to properly store coffee for optimum flavor.

Kimchi - Flavor, Nutrition, Uses, and Availability
Kimchi is one of the hottest food trends today and it’s easy to see why. With a complex flavor, a variety of uses, and an all-star nutritional scorecard, kimchi seems to have it all.

Coffee and Espresso Drink Glossary
A glossary of coffee and espresso drink terms to help you navigate your way through your local cafe menu.

What Is Jambalaya?
Jambalaya is a hearty mix of meat, vegetables, rice, and sometimes seafood. This dish has been popular in the Southeast United States, especially Louisiana, for centuries.

FDA Recommended Minimum Internal Cooking Temperatures
Keep your food safe and protect yourself from foodborne illness by consulting the FDA recommended minimum internal cooking temperatures.

What is Prosciutto and How Is It Made?
Prosciutto is a salt cured, dry aged Italian ham. Prosciutto has a delicate, buttery texture and is often served thinly sliced.

Turkey Roasting Time Table
Prepare to make a perfect roasted turkey this holiday season by knowing how long the turkey must cook in order to reach a safe internal temperature. Use this reference chart to determine the roasting time for stuffed and unstuffed turkeys.

Turkey Thawing Time Chart by Weight
Preparing roasted turkey takes time and preparation. Use this handy chart to determine how much time is needed to thaw a frozen turkey.

What Is Eggnog?
Eggnog is a traditional holiday beverage made with milk, sugar, eggs, and alcohol. Eggnog is popular in the United States and Canada and is often served at Thanksgiving, Christmas, and New Year's celebrations.

USDA Beef Grades and How They Are Determined
The USDA beef grading system is based on the meat's maturity and level of fat marbling, both of which are good indicators of the meat's tenderness. The grading system is voluntary and designates eight distinct grades of meat.

What Is Guinness?- Overview, Varieties & Use in Recipes
Guinness is a traditional dark Irish stout with a rich, complex flavor and a thick, frothy head.

Egg Size Conversions
Convert the number of eggs a recipe calls for into a different sized egg and maintain the same volume.

Yeast Conversions
Use this quick reference conversion chart to determine how much yeast to use when you don't have the variety of yeast listed in a recipe.

Moist Heat Cooking Methods - Braising, Steaming & More
Moist heat cooking methods use water, steam, or another liquid to transfer heat to food for cooking. There are many methods of moist heat cooking, each of which will produce different results.

Pastry Troubleshooting Guide
Making a perfect pastry is as much a science as it is an art. Learn the common pitfalls in pastry making and how to prevent them.

Cookie Troubleshooting Guide - Food Reference
If your cookies are burned, pale, misshapen, or otherwise not good, use this cookie troubleshooting guide to determine what the problem might be.

Nut Nutritional Side-By-Side Comparison Chart
Most nuts are high in fiber, protein, and healthy fats. But how do nuts compare side by side? Use this quick reference chart to compare the nutritional content of common nuts.

The Science Behind Kneading Bread Dough
Kneading bread dough allows loafs to be light and fluffy, but how does it work? Learn the science behind kneading dough.

How to Get More Juice From Lemons and Limes
Employ one of these two kitchen tricks to get the most juice out of your lemons and limes without having to squeeze more.

Yeast Varieties, Characteristics, and Uses
There are many forms of yeast on the market today including instant, active dry, rapid rise, fresh, and nutritional yeast. Discover the difference between the varieties of yeast and the best application for each.

Dry Heat Cooking Methods
Dry heat cooking methods use air, metal, fat, or radiation to transfer heat to food. Dry heat cooking use high temperatures and include techniques such as baking, broiling, grilling, frying, and roasting.

Cookies - Soft vs Crispy
Some people like soft cookies, others like crispy. You can determine the texture, color, and shape of your cookies by using the right ingredients! Review this handy guide to tweak your favorite cookie recipe and get the results you like.

What Is Kale? Nutrition and Preparation
Kale is a green, leafy vegetable that is part of the cabbage family.

Why Does Cilantro Taste Like Soap to Me?
You either love or hate cilantro, but what makes people feel so strongly about it? A closer look at why cilantro can taste soapy or metallic to some, but delicious to others.

Buttermilk Varieties, Uses, and Tradition
Buttermilk is a unique dairy product that provides a one of a kind flavor and plays an important role in the science of cooking. Learn more about the tradition, uses, and varieties of buttermilk on the market today.

What Is Baking Soda?
Baking soda is a natural chemical leavening agent that is commonly used in quick breads and other batter based recipes.

Sage: Flavor, Uses, and How to Purchase
Sage is a culinary herb with dusty green-grey leaves and an earthy flavor. Sage is well known for its use in sausages and stuffing.

List of the Functions of Salt in Food
Everyone knows that salt adds great flavor to food and that it has been used as a food preservative for thousands of years, but salt also has many other surprising functions in food!

How Is Vinegar Made? - Uses and Storage
Vinegar can be made from a variety of substances and provides unique flavors in food.

All About Eggs
Get the facts on eggs, varieties, uses, terminology, and more.

Butter - Description, Varieties and Storage
Butter is a spread made from the milk of mammals that consists of milk solids, or proteins, fat, and a small amount of water. Learn about the different varieties of butter and how to properly store your butter for maximum freshness.

What Is Shortening? (Varieties, Mechanism, and Uses)
Shortening is any type of solid fat used to prevent the formation of gluten in baked goods. Discover the varieties of shortening, how they work, and how they are used.

What Is Corn Starch? - Description, Uses & Tips
Corn starch is used in cooking as a thickening agent for soups, sauces, stews, casseroles, pies, and more.

What Is Arrowroot Powder and How Is It Used in Food?
Arrowroot powder is a white, flavorless powder made from the starch of the arrowroot plant and is used for thickening sauces and other food products.

Buttermilk: 5 Possible Substitutions in Recipes
A variety of options for substituting buttermilk in recipes.

Fat Substitutes for Baking
There are many options for replacing fat in recipes with other, more healthful ingredients. Use these lower fat substitutes for the oil, butter, or shortening in your baked goods.

What is Tapioca?
Tapioca is a starch extracted from the cassava root and is used in culinary applications as a thickener and binding agent.

What Is Sambal? - Description, Varieites, and Uses in Food
Sambal sauce is a spicy condiment made primarily of chili peppers.

What Is Hoisin Sauce? Origin, Taste, Use & More
Hoisin sauce is an all-purpose sauce used in Asian cooking. It is often compared to American barbecue sauce because of its variety of uses and sweet, salty, tangy, and slightly spicy flavor.

What Is Soy Sauce?
Soy sauce is a thin, brown, liquid made from fermented soy beans. Soy sauce has a strong umami flavor and is used frequently in Asian cuisine as both a condiment and ingredient in everyday cooking.

Quinoa: What It Is and Where to Buy It
Quinoa is a small, high protein seed that is cooked and eaten similar to grains.

Glossary of Common Baking Terms
A collection of short definitions for the most common terms used in baking.

Quinoa vs Couscous
Food Reference.

Wine, Beer & Liquor
Basics information on classic varieties of wine, beer, and liquor.

Food Reference Charts
Quickly find information about cooking times, temperatures, weight and volume conversions in these convenient reference charts.

What’s Happening to the Honeybees — and Why Does It Matter to You?
What is behind these honeybee colony losses? What does it mean for our food supply? And what is being done to solve the problem?

Why Corn Syrup Gets a Bad Rap
the difference between corn syrup and high fructose corn syrup

What You Need to Know About Deli Meats
Are you wondering just how they make, or what's in, those deli meats? Read on to find out on food reference....

Traditional Foods
Food helps shape and define cultures around the world. Learn about the historical and traditional dishes that have fed civilizations both past and present.

Choose Your Quinoa
Before you begin, choose which type of quinoa to cook.

Rinse Quinoa
Rinse the quinoa to remove naturally occurring bitter compounds, called saponins.

Season the Quinoa
Quinoa can be seasoned prior to cooking for greater flavor.

Add Water
The quinoa to water ratio is important to achieving a light, fluffy cooked quinoa.

Bring the quinoa and water to a boil, reduce the heat to low and simmer for 20 minutes.

Cooked Quinoa
Fluff the quinoa with a fork before serving.

The Basics of Veal
Veal is one of the tastiest, expensive and controversial meats in the supermarket. Check out our buyers guide to understand why.

What are Flaxseeds? Description, uses, nutrition, and storage.
Flaxseed varieties, culinary uses, nutritional value, purchasing, and best storage practices.

Everything You Need to Know About Almonds
Almonds are delicious and a nutrient powerhouse loaded with Vitamin E, manganese, magnesium, copper, vitamin B2 and phosphorus.

Eggs are a unique food with a variety of nutritional and chemical properties that make them indispensable in the culinary world.

Fats & Oils
Fats and oils play many important rolls in the culinary world including improving texture, taste, and even nutritional content.

Herbs & Spices
Spices, herbs, and seasoning blends give our food flavor. Learn how these seasonings are best used, how to purchase them, and best storage practices.

Nuts & Seeds
Nuts and seeds are harvested from trees and grasses. They are generally high in protein, fiber, and healthy fats.

Sauces add flavor and interest to foods in an instant. Learn more about famous sauces from around the world.

Everything you need to know about dairy. Descriptions, varieties, uses, glossaries, and more!

The world of meat is vast and complex. Each cut, each variety has its own flavor, texture, and particular ways it should be cooked. Take the mystery out of meat with these introductory articles on everything from sausage to tartar.

Sweeteners & Sweets
Every sweetener has its own flavor, texture, and best uses. From sugar to honey, stevia, and molasses. Find out how your favorite sweeteners are made, how to use them, and how they're all unique!

Fruits are classified as the flesh encasing a plant's seed or pit. This flesh is most often sweet, but in some cases, such as the avocado, they may be mild or savory.

Here are some of my favorite recipes to share

Shrimp Basics - Shopping for Shrimp
Shrimp are popular in both Asian cuisine and the Southern United States. Find out what to look for in the grocery store when shopping for shrimp.

Bar & Beverage
Not sure what wine to serve with dinner or what the difference is between oolong and black tea? Learn how to perfectly pair a beverage with your meal, stock a bar and wade through the sea of coffee and tea on the market.

Food Safety
Food safety is an important part of culinary knowledge. Preventing food borne illnesses only takes a few simple steps. Get the facts on how to keep food safe from the store to your table and everywhere in between.

Learn all about different types of wine, how they are made, and the best way to enjoy them.

Tools & Gadgets
Not sure what cheese cloth is or how to use a bamboo steamer? Discover new and the tried and true kitchen tools and gadgets. Determine what you need, what you don't and what to look for when buying.

It takes skill, experience, personality and ambition to become a master chef or well known food personality. Find out how your favorite food icon became what they are today and where they're going tomorrow.

Reviews & Recommendations
Get objective reviews and recommendations on tools, gadgets, books and ingredients. Find clearly listed pros and cons as well as what to look for before you make a purchase.

Food History & Myths
Who made the first noodle? Is Dr. Pepper really flavored with prune juice? Food history, myths and folk lore are both fun and informative!

The History of Popcorn
Popcorn is a popular snack food that is enjoyed across the globe and dates back thousands of years. Discover popcorn's long history of being loved by many cultures!

Uses, Varieties, and Storage of Peanut Oil
Peanut oil is a lightly flavored, high smoke point oil that is excellent for frying.

What Is Gelato?
Gelato is an Italian frozen dessert that is often compared to ice cream.

Balsamic Vinegar Grades, Varieties and Characteristics
There are three main grades of balsamic vinegar. The quality and methods used to make the vinegar can be deciphered by the wording on the label.

How Ricotta Cheese Is Made, Flavor Profile & Uses
Ricotta is a fresh Italian cheese with a mild flavor that can be used in a variety of savory and sweet dishes.

Champagne Definition, Bubbles, and Sweetness
Champagne is a variety of sparkling wine produced in the Champagne region of France. It derrives it's unique bubbles from a second fermentation process within the bottle.

What Is Canola Oil?
Canola oil has become a popular cooking oil because of its light flavor and heart healthy mix of essential fatty acids.

What Is Fortified Wine?
Fortified wines are wines to which a distilled spirit has been added. They tend to be sweeter and have a higher alcohol content than regular wines.

What Is Rosemary? - Uses, Purchasing & Storage
Rosemary is an aromatic herb, most often used to season meat, that has a pine-like scent and appearance.

Volume Conversions for Food
Volume conversions are an important step when doubling or halving a recipe. Get a complete chart of volume conversions in imperial units as well as information on converting between imperial and metric units.

Chart for Weight Conversions for Ingredients
Weight conversions are an important step when doubling or halving a recipe. Get a complete chart of metric and imperial weight conversions as well as a list of key conversions.

Rye, a Nutritious Grain Used in Bread and Whiskey
Rye is a grain used to make bread, beer, whiskey, and other products. It is low in gluten and high in protein and other nutrients.

Baking Powder: What It Is, How It Works.
What baking powder is chemically, how it differs from baking soda, why it's used to make cakes baked goods light and fluffy, how you can test it.

What Is Edamame? (Nutrition, How to Prepare & Serve)
Edamame are immature soybeans that are steamed or boiled and usually served as an appetizer or snack.

What is Thyme and What Is It Used For?
Thyme is a culinary herb that is heavily used in the cuisines of southern Europe and the mediterranean region. Thyme pairs well with everything from meat, beans, and eggs to cheese and tomatoes.

What Are Pecans?- History, Health Benefits, Buying Tips
Pecans are grown on the Hickory tree and are native to the south central region of the United States and Mexico. They are a popular ingredient in traditional southern cooking and are prized for not only their flavor but their health benefits.

Curry Powder Definition, Flavor, Uses, and Availability
Curry powder is a blend of spices used to flavor a variety of Indian and Southeast Asian dishes.

Sesame Oil - Varieties, Uses, Purchasing & Storage.
Sesame oil is widely used in Asian cooking and is prized for its flavor and antioxidant content. The variety of sesame oil you buy will dictate how and when it should be used.

All About Food Additives
It's easy to be alarmed at the foreign words listed on an ingredient list, but it's always best to make an informed decision. Learn about food additives, where they come from, how they are made, and why they are used.

All About Asian Sauces
Asain sauces add flavor, depth, and sometimes even nutrition. Learn more about your favorite sauces, what they're made of, how they are made, and how they are used.

What is Coconut Water? Flavor, uses, and nutritional profile.
Coconut water may be touted as a miracle drink, but it is a simple, natural, refreshing beverage that has been enjoyed for hundreds of years.

What Is Agave Nectar and How Is It Used?
Agave nectar is a popular vegan sweetener that is also loved for its low glycemic index.

King Cake Mardi Gras Dessert History & Availability
King cakes are a festive tradition of Mardi Gras. Learn about the history, tradition, and availability of this delicious dessert.

Safe Handling Tips for Meat and Poultry
Simple steps when purchasing, preparing, and cooking meat and poultry can prevent food borne illnesses.

Bacon Fact Book - Varieties, Types, Products and Ideas
Bacon is a popular breakfast item in the United States made from the salt cured and smoked side of pork. Learn about bacon varieties, products, and general bacon facts.

Filipino Adobo - Description, History, and Varieties
Adobo, a tangy, salty dish of stewed meat, is the quintessential dish of the Philippines.

High Altitude Cooking Tips - How to adjust for high altitude cooking.
The science behind high altitude cooking and tips to help achieve great results when cooking and baking at high altitudes.

Miso Flavor, Uses and Storage
Miso is a paste made from fermented soybeans or other grains like rice or barley. This salty, flavorful paste is used extensively in Asian cooking.

Emergency Baking Substitutions - Kitchen tricks and tips
Ingredients that can be used as emergency substitutions for common baking ingredients.

Spice Substitutions - alternate ingredients for cooking and baking
Substitutions for spices that can be used in a pinch when cooking or baking.

Coconut Cream, Milk and Water
Many food products can be made from coconuts, including coconut cream, coconut milk, and coconut water. Each has its own characteristics and culinary uses.

What is Gelatin?
Gelatin is an animal protein that creates a gel when combined with liquid and helps thicken or solidify many food products.

What is Absinthe?
Absinthe is a strong spirit with a light green color and long, sordid history. Although banned in many countries for decades, the notorious spirit is gaining a comeback.

Anthony Bourdain - A Biography
He’s tough, he’s cool, he’s been to hell and back, and for the past 10 years he’s been traveling around the world. Once a humble dishwasher, Anthony Bourdain has built a successful career as a chef, writer and television personality.

What is Rooibos Tea? Description, flavor, health claims, and more.
Rooibos tea is one of the hottest health food trends today. Find out what makes this South African tea so loved around the world.

New Orleans Cocktails
Cocktails are an integral part of New Orleans. Learn about the most popular cocktails in town, some which were born here, others that the city has adopted.

What is Oolong Tea? Description, varieties, and brewing suggestions.
What is Oolong Tea? How oolong tea is made, oolong varieties, brewing methods, and health claims.

What Is Ice Cream?
Ice cream is a popular frozen dessert made out of cream, milk, sugar, and other ingredients. It has been popular since the creation of refrigeration.

What Is Corned Beef? - Definition and History
Corned beef is a type of salt cured meat that is traditionally eaten during St. Patrick's Day celebrations and is a common deli item year round.

What is Soy Milk?
Soy milk is a diary free beverage made by soaking, grinding, and cooking soybeans with water. Soy milk is a common substitute for dairy milk for vegetarians and lactose intolerant individuals.

What is Coconut Milk? Flavor, uses, and nutritional content.
Discover how coconut milk is made, how it can be used, and its nutritional content.

Chardonnay Basics
Chardonnay grapes are one of the most common green grapes grown for winemaking around the world. This grape is used to make several wines, such as Chablis, Champagne, and White Burgundy.

What is Mulled Wine?
Mulled wine a popular warm beverage enjoyed throughout Europe during the winter months. Although recipes vary, mulled wine usually consists of wine, spices, fruit, and sugar.

What are Cloves? Description, Uses, Purchasing and Storage.
Cloves are a dried flower bud with a pungent flavor and aroma. This warm and sweet spice is popular around the world.

How Do Pressure Cookers Work? The science behind the cooker.
How do Pressure Cookers Work? The mechanisms and advantages of using a pressure cooker.

What are Cereal Grains? Grains that give life around the world.
Cereal grain varieties and how they can be prepared for use as food.

Edible Seeds - Common varieties and their culinary uses.
A list of the most common edible seeds, their nutrients, and culinary uses.

What is Cabernet Sauvignon? Description, Flavor, and Food Pairing.
Cabernet Sauvignon is one of the most common wine varietals and is grown all over the world. The bold and consistent flavor make it extremely popular.

The Six Noble Grapes
The six Noble Grapes or International Varieties are the backbone of wine production around the world. Start your wine tasting journey here.

What is Wasabi?
Wasabi is a spicy green root that is commonly used as a condiment in Japanese cuisine. Learn about this unique green root.

What Are Goji Berries?
Goji berries are a small red fruit native to the Himalayan region of Asia and are loved for their bright red flavor, sweet-tart flavor, and high nutrient content.

Step 1 - Preheat the Oven
Step 1 - Preheat the oven to 400 degrees Fahrenheit.

Step 2 - Wash and Dry the Potatoes
Wash and dry the potatoes. Food Reference. Page 2.

Step 3 - Prick Potatoes
Step 3 - Prick the potatoes to allow steam to escape. Page 3.

Step 4 - Oil and Salt the Potatoes
Step 4 - Rub oil over the surface of the potato and season lightly with salt. Page 4.

Step 5 - Bake the Potatoes
Step 5 - Bake the Potatoes. Food Reference. Page 5.

What are Pepitas?
Pumpkin seeds are sometimes called pepitas and are a common snack food, especially in the fall. Pepitas have a wide range of culinary uses and have a high nutritional content.

What is Cinnamon?
Cinnamon is a fragrant and spicy tree bark that is excellent for flavoring both sweet and savory dishes.

What is Nutmeg?
Nutmeg is the seed of the nutmeg tree that can be ground into a powder and used as a spice. Nutmeg is wonderful for flavoring both sweet and savory dishes.

What is Cardamom?
Cardamom is one of the most expensive spices in the world and is prized for its citrusy and floral flavor and aroma.

What are Papayas?
Papayas are a large tropical fruit with many edible parts and a variety of culinary uses.

Sort and Rinse the Lentils
Lentils should be sorted and rinsed prior to cooking. Page 2.

Boil Lentils
Lentils cook quickly in simmering water and do not require pre-soaking. Page 3.

Determine Doneness
Taste test the lentils to determine the texture and level of doneness. Page 4.

Drain Lentils
Drain the lentils through a colander prior to serving. Page 5.

Glossary of Frozen Desserts
From frozen custards, ice creams, and gelatos to Italian ice, granita, and sno cones, find out what these frozen desserts have in common and what sets them apart from each other.

Beginners Sushi Glossary
A beginners guide to basic sushi related terminology. A glossary of words common to sushi.

Choose Your Lentil
Dry lentils can be purchased in bulk bins and have a long shelf life.

Why Does Popcorn Pop?
Popping corn requires a unique mix of chemistry and physics. Find out how the magic happens when you make your favorite movie time snack!

Anatomy of a Marinade
Marinades are used to add flavor to meat. There are three basic components to every marinade that can be customized to provide any flavor you wish.

Monosodium Glutamate - What is MSG?
MSG is a naturally occurring substance that is now manufactured as a flavor enhancing food additive.

What is Agar-Agar?
Agar-agar is a algae derived polysaccharide used to thicken food. It is a popular vegetarian substitution for animal derived gelatin.

Turkey Terminology - Label Terminology and Definitions.
Decoding the label on a turkey can be difficult. Use this list of turkey terminology to understand what you're purchasing this holiday season.

How to Tell Meat is Done
Although an internal meat thermometer is the most accurate way to determine the doneness of a piece of meat, there are many other clues including, color, texture, and moisture content. Use all of these cues to tell whether your meat is rare, medium, or well-done.

Cast Iron Cookware
Cast iron cookware has been popular for hundreds of years because of its unique properties that make it excellent for cooking.

The History of the Twinkie
Twinkies may have started out as a humble, cream filled snack cake, but they have grown into an iconic symbol of American food culture.

The History of Cheese
The history of cheese dates back far before recorded history. What was most likely discovered by accident has become one of the world's favorite foods.

The History of Popsicles
Popsicles have been one of America's favorite summertime treats for almost 100 years. Find out where it all started.

Candy Cane History and Folklore
Candy canes started out as a popular, edible Christmas tree decoration, but have gained meaning and symbolism over the years.

The History of Jelly Beans
Jelly beans have been a favorite candy for over a century, but have their roots in candy making techniques that are thousands of years old.

Tea Brewing Times and Temperatures
Every type of tea has an optimum brewing time and temperature. Use this reference chart to find out how to make the best tea possible.

Flatbread Varieties
Nearly every culture around the world has its own version of flatbread. Each type of flatbread has its own unique characteristic flavor and texture. Find out what sets each one apart and what have in common.

What is Fruitcake?
Fruitcakes may have gotten a bad reputation, but there is a reason these delicious, alcohol soaked dessert breads have been popular for centuries. Full of nuts, fruit, sugar, and alcohol, fruitcakes are a decadent dessert that comes in many flavors!

What is Ceviche?
Ceviche is a dish made with fresh seafood that is marinated in citrus juices and other flavorful ingredients.

What is Bitterness?
Bitterness on its own is not a desirable flavor, but when combined with other elements it can be used to create a complex and enjoyable flavor palate.

What is Pasteurization
Many food products, including dairy, juices, beer, and wine are pasteurized to reduce the number of pathogenic organisms and prevent food borne illnesses.

What is Irradiation?
Irradiation is a method of extending the shelf life and reducing pathogens in food through exposure to ionizing radiation.

What is the FDA?
The FDA is responsible for ensuring public health by regulating food, drugs, and tobacco.

Dietary Fat Composition - Saturated versus Unsaturated.
A simple table listing the breakdown of dietary fats by type and percent saturation.

Candy Making Temperature Ranges
A quick reference table of candy making temperature ranges and stages of hardness.

The Scoville Scale
The Scoville Scale is a system for rating the perceived heat of a pepper or food based on the level of capsaicin it contains.

What Are Chia Seeds?
Chia seeds are one of the hottest super foods, boasting high fiber, omega-3 fatty acids, and antioxidants.

What are Soybeans?
Soybeans are an edible bean with a high protein and oil content. They are used to make several different consumer products and enjoyed around the world.

What is Worcestershire Sauce?
Worcestershire sauce is a savory, sweet, and tangy fermented sauce made from malt vinegar, anchovies, molasses, and other seasonings.

Barley - What is Barley?
Barley is a cereal grain used in breads, beverages, and cereals.

What are Chestnuts?
Chestnuts are a popular snack and holiday treat during the winter months. They offer a unique nutritional composition and can be cooked a variety of ways.

What is Caramel?
Caramel is a candy made by boiling sugar until it becomes golden brown and achieves its characteristically deep flavor.

Classic Spice and Herb Blends
These classic blends of herbs and spices have withstood the test of time. From French fines herbes to Jamaican jerk seasoning, find out what they consist of and how they are best used.

How Chocolate is Made
Chocolate making is a complex process of fermenting, drying, roasting, and then processing cocoa beans from the Theobroma Cacao tree.

Cherry Varieties
Most cherries can be divided into one of two varieties: sweet or tart. Find out which is best for your recipe and what varietal to look for at the market.

Vinegar Varieties
A brief description of the most common varieties of vinegar found in grocery stores.

All About Leavening Breads and Baked Goods
There are many methods to leavening breads and baked goods but they can be divided into three categories: physical, biological, and chemical.

Sweet Potatoes or Yams?
Sweet potatoes and yams are two very different vegetables that have shared a name throughout history. Learn the difference between sweet potatoes and true yams and how the confusion began.

How to Slice a Mango - Step 1: Familiarize yourself with the mango.
How to Slice a Mango - Learn how to cut a mango into clean slices and waste as little flesh as possible.

How to Slice a Mango - Step 2: Make the first slice.
How to Slice a Mango - Step 2: Cut off the fleshy cheeks on each side of the mango. Page 2.

How to Slice a Mango - Step 3: Repeat with the other side.
How to Slice a Mango - Step 3: Repeat by cutting off the fleshy cheek from the other side of the mango. Page 3.