Forestry Sitemap - Page 1 2016-09-26

5 Tree Root Myths Explained
There are a many of preconceived notions about a tree's root system. Tree roots are sensitive but not super delicate and need some respect.

Tips on Identifying two common magnolias
The two most common magnolias - one graces the North American Southland, one loves cooler climates.

Tips on the identification of American Basswood.
The American basswood tree has the largest leaf of all the broadleaf trees in North America and a commercially valuable wood in the US lake states.

United States forest type and forest density maps.
Forest maps that give you a visual presentation of the 26 major timber type groups and the tree and forest density in the United States.

Top Equipment Used During Prescribed and Forest Fires
Wildland firefighters work in an environment that demands specific tools for work and protective clothing for safety. Here is the basic list.

Basic Tree Identification Techniques and Sources
Find sources to help with identifying trees in the United States. This is a complete listing of the best dendrology sites on the Internet to include tree descriptions, tree photos, species silviculture, Champion trees, and quick references.

Tree Leaf Key - Magnolia, Persimmon, Dogwood, Live Oak
Magnolia, Persimmon, Dogwood, Blackgum, Water and Live Oak - Tree Leaf Key

Hardwood Trees With Lobed and Unlobed Leaves
Hardwood or deciduous trees have leaves that are known as single or simple. This common simple leaf can be in two forms, lobed and unlobed.

Tree Identification by Leaf Shape - Guide and Resources
Use this tree leaf key to identify the most common North American hardwood or deciduous trees. Identify your tree with using a single leaf (do not confuse with leaflets) or the many versions of compounds leaves.

The proper way to dig and prepare American Ginseng
Digging American Ginseng is exciting but there are some rules and techniques to remember.

Hunting and harvesting the American Ginseng Plant
Identifying the ginseng plant, root and seed is important but you must also know the legal harvest regulations.

Harvesting American Ginseng Seed
When sizing up a ginseng plant for collection you need to consider seed collection and or returning the seed to surrounding soil.

Hunting and Finding American Ginseng in Eastern Forests
Here is how to identify, hunt for and finding a Mature American Ginseng in the forest. You need to determine legal age and harvest size to sell a root.

How to Hunt for American Ginseng's Favorite Habitat
American Ginseng has a Favorite Habitat in eastern North America. Find the best site conditions for hunting the plant.

Preparing the American Ginseng Root for sale
Properly selecting and Preparing the American Ginseng Root will make for a more marketable root at the time of sale.

Wildfire in Woodland and Forest
Check here for sites that give information on wildfire and the sciences associated with fighting forest fires and managing a prescription burn. You will find information on fire weather and behavior, prescribed burning, photo essays, reasons and benefits of burning Smokey bear, wildfire fatalities, wildland fire fighting, fire prevention, fire aviation and careers, firetower and lookout information, the latest wildfire incident report

Hoedads: The Tool, The Cooperative
Hoedads are hand tools used to plant bare-root trees by the thousands quickly and mainly used by experienced crews. They are designed for steep slopes

Boots Preferred by Woodsmen
A discussion with rangers, foresters and forest owners has provided several recommendations for purchasing forestry/logging/hiking boots.

Honorable Mention Forestry Work Boots
Forestry. Page 2.

Identifying the Most Common Hardwood Trees
Identify hardwood trees common to North American forests by their leaves, fruit and flowers. Use broadleaf tree species identifiers.

Sooty Mold Tree Disease - Prevention and Control
Among the most common tree diseases you might find in your trees are caused by sooty mold pathogens that feed on sucking insects' honeydew.

Top Small Sawmills Manufactured in North America
Do-it-yourself sawmilling for lumber is on the rise and there are good portable sawmill manufacturers. Here are my six favorite portable sawmills.

Most Damaging Forest Diseases
Forest diseases cause more forest injury than wildfire in the United States. These forest pathogens cost timber owners billions of dollars and decimate hundreds of thousands of acres of wildlife habitat and limit forest recreational opportunities.

Causes of Forest Fires - How Wildfires Start
A history of natural wildfire beginning and chemistry needed for combustion. Included are the common causes of forest fires and how they spread.

Buying, Using and Maintaining a Chain Saw
The chainsaw is forestry's tool of the trade. Find useful information on chainsaws on how to use a saw, prevent chainsaw accidents, maintain a chainsaw and purchase a chainsaw.

How to Fell a Tree Using a Chainsaw
A method used to cut down a tree with a chainsaw. Felling a tree safely with a plan on how the tree needs to be dropped and bucked.

Determine Tree Felling Direction
You need to first determine the felling direction of the tree you want to cut. That means fining a clear fall path and a safe escape route..

Definition and importance of a tree butt
A tree's butt is referred to by loggers as the bottom part of a felled tree. The butt log is the most valuable section of a harvested tree.

Wildfire Red Flag Warning Extreme Burning Conditions
Understanding the red flag warning system and forecasting weather conditions that lead to extreme burning conditions associated with wildfire.

Current National Wildfire Maps and Conditions
Current National Wildfire Situation including Maps and Latest Reports. The Latest Fire Situation links on this one site - Maps, Reports, Forecasts.

Fire Planning in the Kaibab National Forest Northern District
Suppressing wildfire has long been the practice of fire managers and wildland fire fighters. Here are the reasons why fire suppression is no longer the only defense against wildfire.

Controlled Pile-burning Near a National Forest
Suppressing wildfire has been the focus of fire managers and wildland firefighters. Reducing fuel load now shares the priority against wildfire.

Planning a Pile Burn for Fuel Reduction
Fire managers follow plans that prescribe treatment to forests to curb damage from wildfire.

Prescribed Fires and Controlled Burns
Ways to prescribe fire for control, safety and to improve the forest habitat and a prescription for prevention of wildfire.

Collect and Prepare a Hickory Nut for Planting
Collecting and preparing a pecan or hickory nut to grow is easy but needs to be done correctly. Here's how to properly encourage nut germination.

Tree Identification for America's 100 Most Common Trees
Identify 100 most common conifer and evergreen trees of the North American forest. Use my tree finder key, along with photographic images.

United States Forests - The Past and Present
Forests in the United States have a grand history and among the most productive in the World. Understand these forests of the past and present.

Forest History | History of Forests and Forestry Conservation
The history of forestry and forest management has a rich and interesting on national history. Past forest and conservation practices have had major influence on our environment and effects on agricultural and political history of North America.

Non-traditional Forest Products
Although the forest is most often thought to provide wood, wildlife and recreation, a forest can also bring you many other products. These non-traditional forest products are not often associated with or thought of as a forest product.

Identificaton of spruce, fir and hemlock using needles
Spruce and fir can be difficult to identify as separate species. Here is an easy way to ID these trees as well as Doug fir, bald cypress and hemlock.

Study, identify and name the major North American Conifers
Study, identify and name the major North American Conifers

Identify coniferous trees using their needles.
Here are the most common coniferous or evergreen trees with needles. They are broken down into single and cluster attachments.

Identify a tree's by common name using this leaf key.
A simple tree leaf identification key for finding 100 of the most common North American tree's common name and species name.

How to Identify Northern White Cedar
Northern white cedar also called an arborvitae, is planted as a favorite yard tree but also managed in forests for as timber crop.

Estimating a Tree's Age Without Cutting theTree
A method to estimate a tree's age without cutting or coring. Noninvasive measurements can get you an acceptable age estimate for forest-grown trees.

Forest Silviculture
Methods used in growing and tending a forest

The Science of Growing Trees
Silviculture is the art and science of managing trees. Here are sites that discuss tending and managing trees and the forest from your About Forestry Guide

Tree Habitat and Range
This site explores a tree's unique and special habitat and range where they naturally grow and thrive.

Identification of the Most Common Conifers
Identification of conifer trees most common to North American by their needles and leaves, fruit and flowers.

How to Sell a Tree in Your Yard for Timber
Although you may be able to market and sell your yard tree, you have to attract a local timber buyer with trees that get a higher market value.

How to identify common black Walnuts and Butternut
Black walnut and butternut trees are widespread and abundant throughout eastern North America. They are a valuable tree with many uses.

Understanding and Identifying North American birch
Here is a quick way to Identify three common North American birch species. It is both a valuable and beautiful tree in the landscape.

Identify the Ash
Identify the Ash - The Important American Hardwoods - Fraxinus

Collect and Plant an Acorn - Grow an Oak Tree
How to grow an oak tree from a germinated acorn. This resource shows you how to collect, properly prepare and plant an acorn.

Becoming a Forester - Requirements and Training
What training can you expect before becoming a forester? Here are the basic criteria to become a forester in the United States.

Top 10 Trees for Planting in a Small Yard
My top 10 small trees recommended for planting in a small yard. These trees were selected by urban forest specialists for their preferred qualities.

A Ginkgo Tree's (Ginkgo biloba) Profile and Planting Tips
Ginkgo is a pest-free that resists breakage and makes a durable yard or street tree. It is a slow growing tree but well worth the wait.

Royal Paulownia - Planting, Growing, and Marketing
A royal paulownia tree guide and review on the economics of planting, growing and marketing the empress princess tree.

Use Tree Parts to Identify a Tree
Learning a tree's botanical parts is useful for tree owner and forest manager. These tree parts and markers help make positive tree identification.

Using a Leaf and it's Shape to Identify a Tree
The shape of a leaf us unique to a tree. Use the tree leaf to make a positive tree identification.

Using a Leaf and it's Structure to Identify a Tree
A leaf's structure can be either simple or compound. Understand and use the tree leaf structure to make a positive tree identification.

Using the Flower, Cone and Fruit to Identify a Tree
Tree flowers and fruit are unique. Use the tree seed, fruit and flower to make a positive tree identification.

Using a Twig to Identify a Tree
A tree's twig have unique bud and stem parts. Use the tree twig to make a positive tree identification.

Using Bark to Identify a Tree
Tree bark offers color and texture unique to certain species. Use the tree bark to make a positive tree identification.

Using a Tree's Shape or Silhouette for Identification
A tree's shape is often a product of age and environment. Use a reliable tree shape or silhouette to make a positive tree identification.

ID Maple, Sycamore, Yellow-Poplar and Sweetgum leaves
How to identify the similar looking maple, sycamore, yellow poplar​ and sweetgum trees using my tree leaf key.

Growing and Maintaining Your Fig (Ficus Carica)
Fig is the oldest fruit to be cultivated by humans. It is easily propagated by cuttings, grows delicious and abundant fruit in much of North America.

Common North American Hardwood Trees
A list of the most Common North American hardwood trees with links to their ranges, their identifying and habitat descriptions plus photos.

Common North American Hardwood Trees
A list of the most Common North American hardwood trees with links to their ranges, their identifying and habitat descriptions plus photos.

Common North American Hardwood Trees
A list of the most Common North American hardwood trees with links to their ranges, their identifying and habitat descriptions plus photos.

Common North American Hardwood Trees
A list of the most Common North American hardwood trees with links to their ranges, their identifying and habitat descriptions plus photos.

Common North American Hardwood Trees
A list of the most Common North American hardwood trees with links to their ranges, their identifying and habitat descriptions plus photos.

Common North American Hardwood Trees
A list of the most Common North American hardwood trees with links to their ranges, their identifying and habitat descriptions plus photos.

Common North American Hardwood Trees
A list of the most Common North American hardwood trees with links to their ranges, their identifying and habitat descriptions plus photos.

10 Best Trees You Should Plant - Popular Trees to Plant
Here are ten of the best, most popular and important trees to consider planting in your yard. I have picked each with help from several tree experts.

The Tree Nursery - Seeding and Planting Trees
A resource for tree seedlings, planting and reforestation. You will receive instruction on how to plant tree seedlings correctly, how and where to purchase healthy tree seedlings and saplings for planting, obtain financial assistance for planting a tree, get tax credit for tree planting and the care, purchase and storage of tree seedlings for planting.

Forest Nursery and Seedling Production
Information on tree seedling and tree nurseries in the United States. Also listed are those best sites that sell tree seedlings by mail-order catalog and on the Internet.

Germinating and Propagating Tree Seed
A tree can reproduce itself either sexually, with seed, or by asexual cell division. Let look at how trees make and disperse seed.

Buying Forestry Equipment
Things you need to know before buying trees, forestry equipment and books on forestry.

Tree Leaf Structure - Shape, Margin and Venation
Leaf structure and arrangement is unique to every tree species. A tree leaf shape, arrangement, margin and venation is important to tree ID.

The Complete Forest, Trees and Forestry Home Page
A complete site on trees, forests and the practice of forestry. Learn to identify a tree species by using a tree's anatomy. There is information on forest employment, forestry e-courses, tree planting guides, links to tree diseases and insects, fighting wildfire, woodlot management and much more. You can also learn how to use a chainsaw to cut a tree or about sawmills that cut timber.

The Essential Giant Sequoia or Sequoiadendron giganteum
Understanding the history of giant sequoia, its unique taxonomy, where Sequoiadendron giganteum grows and the tree's biology.

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Understanding redwood history and biology
Understanding the history of redwood, its unique taxonomy, where Sequoia sempervirens grow and the reproductive biology of redwood.

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The Essential Giant Sequoia or Sequoiadendron giganteum
Understanding the history of giant sequoia, its unique taxonomy, where Sequoiadendron giganteum grows and the tree's biology.

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The Essential Redwood
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The Essential Redwood
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Understanding a redwood's history and biology
Understanding the history of redwood, its unique taxonomy, where Sequoia sempervirens grows and the reproductive biology of redwood.

Forestry Occupations and Woods Related Work
Here are articles and links devoted to finding a job in forestry and the natural resources. Listed are sources for employment, career help, job descriptions, links for forestry job descriptions and articles devoted to the forestry job market.

Understand a Tree at a Deeper Level
Take a closer look at a tree to by understanding its form in summer and winter, how it typically grows and matures and where it lives.

Strangler Fig - South Florida's Strange Hammock Tree
Strangler fig is a fascinating tree and an American tropical native in south Florida. The strangler fig produces a continuous food crop but kills the host.

Study, identify and name the major North American Hardwoods
Study, identify and name the major North American Hardwoods

How a Tree Absorbs and Makes Use of Water
Trees use massive amounts of water through the process of transpiration for the benefit​ of themselves and the Earth.

Reconsider Planting Mimosa in Your Yard
Mimosa has both desirable and undesirable characteristics to consider before planting. You may wish to avoid the tree its specific problems

Finding Hazards in Your Tree - Correcting Tree Problems
Every tree can become a problem to itself and to surrounding property. Learn more about how a tree develops problems, becomes unsafe and methods that address and remedy hazard problems.

Tree Care and Tree Maintenance
Tree care and forest management techniques are much advanced using the methods developed by the sciences of silviculture and arboriculture. Learn more about the arborist and the silviculturist.

Identify a Tree | Tree Anatomy Physiology | Type of Tree
Find out how to identify a tree and what types of trees exist. Using a tree's anatomy and physiology you can identify a tree by collecting leaves, cones, flowers, bark and fruit.

How to Manage and ID Boxelder - The Ash-leaf Maple Tree
Boxelder is not a recommended tree to plant in your yard but has desirable unique qualities to keep in the landscape as a beautiful tree specimen.

Royal Paulownia/Princess Tree
Is Royal Paulownia the right tree for you to grow? Learn about and purchase Royal Paulownia from your About Forestry Guide. Find out the tree's economics and silviculture plus dealers that will provide seedlings for planting.

Reasons to Buy Your Christmas Tree Early
The weekend after Thanksgiving is when most Christmas tree buying occurs. You should consider shopping for and buying a Christmas tree earlier.

Tips on Buying Firewood at Fair Price
Finding firewood just starts the process of determining value of firewood. You need the certainty of not being charged double. Learn how to buy firewood.

Best Trees to Plant on Your Street and Sidewalk
These best street street and sidewalk trees offer tolerance to compacted, infertile soils and the environment found in cities and along streets.

Purchasing and Maintaining a Chainsaw
Here are answers to many questions asked by people planning to buy and operate a chainsaw. Here are the most common concerns about chainsaws.

Selling Trees and Timber
Timber sales are made each year. Learn how to avoid timber theft, make a profitable timber sale, develop a timber contract. These links will help you do it right the first time.

Will a Pine Cone Grow Into a Tree?
You can not plant a pine cone to grow a tree. The cone is a fruit that nurtures and drops the seeds for a new generation of pines.

Prescriptions for Tree Wounds of Branchs, Trunks, Roots
Tree wounds are caused by many agents but they can all be classified as branch wounds, trunk wounds, and root wounds.

The Granite Mountain Hotshots Tragedy
Nineteen crew members of the Granite Mountain Hotshots tragically perish when conditions and bad decisions worked against their survival.

Boulders Spring Ranch Safety Zone
A close-up of Boulders Spring Ranch and the safety zone the Granite Mountain Hotshots were trying to reach. They never made it...

Yarnell Hill and the destruction from Glen Ilah Community
The Glen Ilah community lost 100 structures in the wildfire of Yarnell. This is a view of fire's destruction from Glen Ilah.

The Granite Mountain Hotshots Tragedy
Nineteen crew members of the Granite Mountain Hotshots tragically perish when conditions and bad decisions worked against their survival.

Surviving Hotshots Mop-up
Brendan

Cedars and Junipers - Identifying North American Trees
If tree foliage is a scale-like leaf, then you're probably dealing with a conifer or evergreen that is in the cedar or juniper family.

Hickory, Ash, Walnut and Pecan - Tree Leaf Key
A quick way to determine the difference between a Hickory, Ash, Walnut or Pecan using this tree leaf key plus tips.

The Essential Ginkgo biloba
Ginkgo biloba is an ancient tree, has a fascinating history and morphology, has stinky fruit and the most popular trees planted in North America.

Catalpa Tree and Its Caterpillars
A catalpa tree is a beautiful tree, a wood product but is also a source of food for the fish-loving catalpa caterpillar.

The Adaptable Catalpa Tree
The Adaptable Catalpa Tree. Forestry.

Catalpa Characteristics
Catalpa Characteristics. Forestry.

The Catalpa Fruit
The Catalpa Fruit. Forestry.

A Catalpa Worm
A Catalpa Worm Infestation. Forestry.

The Catalpa Sphinx Moth
The Catalpa Sphinx Moth. Forestry.

Top 6 Tree Identification Guides Reviewed
Here are my picks of the top tree field guides that make tree identification much easier. You can purchase these books on site.

Learn the basics on parts of trees, their structures and physical characteristics.
Learn the basics on parts of trees, their structures and physical characteristics.

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The Difference Between a Simple and Compound Tree Leaf
Understanding leaf morphology labeled​ as simple, compound, pinnately and double pinnately compound, and palmate leaf structures.

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The Major Hickory Species in North America
Hickory is a prolific nut producer in North America. Hickory is critical for healthy wildlife habitats and a favorite source of wood products.

Ten Most Common Trees in the United States
USFS List of Native and Naturalized Trees indicates that there are 865 different species of trees in North America. Here are the 10 most common.

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The New Husqvarna Electronic Chainsaw
This electric chainsaw does not have the power of a gas-fueled saw but this Husky 536 LiXP is one of the best battery chainsaws on the market.

Consider this before purchasing an electric chainsaw.
These are the things you need to know when considering to purchase an electric chainsaw.

Features you need to know when operating a chainsaw.
Here is a parts list and features used when operating and maintaining an electric chainsaw.

Electric Chainsaw Bar and Chain Attachment
Tensioning a saw chain is extremely important. The correct tension of the chain extends its life and improves cutting.

What to Know About Maintaining Your Electric Chainsaw
The right extension cord, bar maintenance and storage is important for when operating an electric chainsaw. How to buy and operate your new saw.

The Best Electric Chainsaw - Suggested Models and Tips
You often don't need the expense or power of a gas chainsaw. If you use saws around the house you need to consider a good electric chainsaw first.

Top 5 chainsaw supported sawmills
Chainsaw mills are inexpensive and appealing access is limited. Portable chainsaw mills usually run off a framework constructed around the log you cut.

Financial Support Programs for Trees and Forests
Technical and financial support programs provided for forest landowners,

Finding Forest Land for Sale
Buying your first forested property can quickly go bad. You can make the process much easier if you develop a plan. Here are tips with links

Root and Butt Rot Tree Disease Pest Management
Tree root and butt rot is a disease process common in deciduous trees. Prevent and control hardwood pathogens including root and butt rot.

Common Hardwood Tree Diseases - Prevention and Control
The most common hardwood tree diseases and pathogens found on trees in the yard and a forest. You can prevent and control many tree diseases.

Heart Rot Tree Disease - Prevention and Control
Heart rot in both hardwoods and some pines destroy wood is a major economic loss as well as the beginning of a forest's decline.

Locate and Identify Black Locust in North America
Black locust is a legume and important common tree in North America. The tree can be invasive but is a good tree on the right site.

The Five Most Common Maples in the United States
Maples are an important American hardwood species. There are 12 maple species in North America and here are the 5 most commonly seen.

Learn more about the delightful Sassafras albidum
Sassafras, or Sassafras albidum, is easily identified by root aroma and by leaf shapes. It also has a history of commercial use and Autumn color.

The Conifer Killer Tree Diseases
Here are conifer tree diseases that kill evergreen trees like pine spruce fir in great numbers. These hardwood tree diseases cause significant commercial and horticultural tree losses in North America

An Index of Common Tree Diseases in the United States
An index of common tree diseases and pathogens taken from the Forest Insect and Disease Leaflet (FIDL) Series, USDA Forest Service

Armillaria root disease in North American forests
Armillaria root rot is a pathogen that negatively effects hardwood and conifer trees. It is a major killer of trees in the forest and urban landscape.

Care of Individual Trees - Arboriculture
Arboriculture is the study and practice of caring for individual trees in the landscape using proper diagnosis. Tree care depends on proper tree management including improving tree health, improving tree site conditions, pruning and repairing problematic trees.

When and How Do I Fertilize Trees?
Fertilizers are important to growing young trees. Find out when to apply, how to use and what fertilizers to buy.

Can I Use Regular Motor Oil as My Chainsaw Bar Oil?
A frequently asked question on using bar oil in your new chainsaw. You should use bar oil for less wear on chain and bar.

Slime Flux (Bacterial Wetwood) - Can It Be Controlled?
Bacterial wetwood, also called slime flux, is a major bole rot of trunk and branches of trees. It has been attributed to bacterial infection.

An Index of Common Tree Insect Pests
An index of common harmful tree insects taken from the Forest Insect and Disease Leaflet (FIDL) Series, USDA Forest Service

An Index of Common Tree Diseases in the United States
An index of common tree diseases and pathogens taken from the Forest Insect and Disease Leaflet (FIDL) Series, USDA Forest Service

An Index of Common Tree Diseases in the United States
An index of common tree diseases and pathogens taken from the Forest Insect and Disease Leaflet (FIDL) Series, USDA Forest Service

Here are 10 Good Trees Gone Bad
There are undesirable characteristics you need to consider before planting a tree. Here are 10 trees you need to reconsider for planting.

Uses of Forest and Trees
Links to information on consumptive and non-consumptive forest and tree uses to include timber products, non-timber products, harvesting timber, Christmas trees, pine straw, wildlife, recreation and much more.

Christmas Tree | Buying a Christmas Tree | Growing Christmas Trees
A complete source for growing christmas tree, buying christmas treea and selling your Christmas Tree.

How Long Can You Store Black Walnuts?
Black walnuts can still good after being left in the clean shell for a year. Here are ways to clean and store walnuts for future shelling.

Heating Properties of Firewood by Tree Species
Heating properties of firewood by species listed in order of density and the ability to produce the most heat.

Identify White Oak, Red Oak, American Holly
Here are the differences between a white oak's leaf, a red oak's leaf or an American holly leaf - a part of the tree leaf key.

Reconsider Planting Leyland Cypress in Your Yard
There are desirable and undesirable characteristics you need to consider before planting a Leyland cypress your yard. Plant only if you have room.

Basic Forestry Measurement Tools Used by Foresters
Here are the most important tools used by forestry professionals to measure the forest resource. Learn what they are and how to purchase.

Oak Now Officially America's National Tree
The Oak, Quercus species of trees, was voted on and has now become the United States National Tree after Congress passed legislation in 2004

Common Juniper Trees in North America
The common Juniper, is a species in the genus Juniperus, in the family Cupressaceae. It has one of the largest ranges of woody plants in the World.

Online Sources for Nursery Tree Purchase and Delivery
Here is a review with links of the top tree seedling sources online. I offer my favorite recommendations.

Description and Identification of Hackberry
Description and Identification of Hackberry

Hackberry is a brittle tree but can grow on most sites.
A walk-through description and guide to identifying hackberry or Celtis occidentalis. Find out more about the tree's habit, range, silviculture and management.

The Natural Range of Hackberry
The Natural Range of Hackberry. Forestry.

The Silviculture and Management of Hackberry
The Silviculture and Management of Hackberry

Insects and Diseases of Hackberry
Insects and Diseases of Hackberry

'Chanticleer' Callery Pear - the Flowering Pears
Chanticleer callery pear was selected Urban Tree of the Year for 2005 as determined by responses to an annual survey in arborist magazine City Trees.

Eastern Hemlock, A Top 100 Common Tree in North America
Eastern hemlock is a slow-growing conifer in higher elevations under shady hardwoods. It is a desirable tree in the landscape.

Consider Planting River Birch or Betula Nigra
I've picked ten of the best trees you can plant in your yard. River birch is one of these so consider planting river birch.

Herbicides Used to Control or Kill Woody Stemmed Plants
Herbicide application practices vary with the chemical compound you use. Here are the major herbicide brands and how they are applied.

Identify the Common Poplars in North America
The most common

Differences Between Hardwood and Softwood Trees
How to identify a hardwood tree versus the identification of softwood trees. Here are some differences between hardwood trees and softwood trees.

Northern Red Oak - A Northern Red Oak Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent
Northern Red Oak - A Northern Red Oak Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent. Page 34.

Persimmon - A Persimmon Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent
Persimmon - A Persimmon Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent. Page 37.

Post Oak - A Post Oak Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent
Post Oak - A Post Oak Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent. Page 38.

Redbud - A Redbud Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent
Redbud - A Redbud Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent. Page 41.

River Birch - A River Birch Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent
River Birch - A River Birch Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent. Page 42.

Southern Red Oak - A Southern Red Oak Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent
Southern Red Oak - A Southern Red Oak Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent. Page 40.

Sweetgum - A Sweetgum Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent
Sweetgum - A Sweetgum Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent. Page 44.

Water Oak - A Water Oak Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent
Water Oak - A Water Oak Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent. Page 50.

White Oak - A White Oak Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent
White Oak - A White Oak Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent. Page 39.

White Oak - A White Oak Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent
White Oak - A White Oak Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent. Page 47.

Buckeye - A Buckeye Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent
Buckeye - A Buckeye Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent. Page 35.

Yellow Buckeye - A Yellow Buckeye Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent
Yellow Buckeye - A Yellow Buckeye Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent. Page 48.

Yellow Poplar - A Yellow Poplar Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent
Yellow Poplar - A Yellow Poplar Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent. Page 49.

Pecan - A Pecan Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent
Pecan - A Pecan Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent. Page 36.

American Elm - An American Elm Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent
American Elm - An American Elm Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent. Page 21.

Black Locust - A Black Locust Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent
Black Locust - A Black Locust Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent. Page 28.

Black Willow - A Black Willow Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent
Black Willow - A Black Willow Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent. Page 13.

Cucumber Magnolia - A Cucumber Magnolia Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent
Cucumber Magnolia - A Black Willow Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent. Page 16.

Eastern Cottonwood - An Eastern Cottonwood Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent
Eastern Cottonwood - A Dogwood Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent. Page 18.

Eastern Hemlock - An Eastern Hemlock Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent
Eastern Hemlock - An Eastern Hemlock Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent. Page 19.

Eastern Redcedar - A Eastern Redcedar Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent
Eastern Redcedar - A Eastern Redcedar Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent. Page 20.

Green Ash - A Green Ash Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent
Green Ash - A Green Ash Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent. Page 22.

Laurel Oak - A Laurel Oak Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent
Laurel Oak - A Laurel Oak Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent. Page 25.

Live Oak - A Live Oak Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent
Live Oak - A Live Oak Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent. Page 26.

Loblolly Pine - A Loblolly Pine Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent
Loblolly Pine - A Loblolly Pine Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent. Page 27.

Longleaf Pine - A Longleaf Pine Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent
Longleaf Pine - A Longleaf Pine Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent. Page 29.

Magnolia - A Magnolia Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent
Magnolia - A Magnolia Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent. Page 30.

Mimosa - A Mimosa Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent
Mimosa - A Mimosa Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent. Page 32.

Mockernut Hickory - A Mockernut Hickory Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent
Mockernut Hickory - A Mockernut Hickory Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent. Page 24.

Red Maple - A Red Maple Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent
Red Maple - A Red Maple Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent. Page 31.

Water Oak - A Water Oak Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent
Water Oak - A Water Oak Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent. Page 46.

American Basswood - A Basswood Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent
American Basswood - A Basswood Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent. Page 2.

American Holly - A Holly Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent
American Holly - A Holly Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent. Page 4.

American Sycamore - A Sycamore Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent
American Sycamore - A Sycamore Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent. Page 5.

Baldcypress - A Baldcypress Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent
Baldcypress - A Baldcypress Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent. Page 6.

Black Cherry - A Black Cherry Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent
Black Cherry - A Black Cherry Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent. Page 7.

Black Locust - A Black Locust Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent
Black Locust - A Black Locust Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent. Page 10.

Black Oak - A Black Oak Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent
Black Oak - A Black Locust Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent. Page 11.

Black Walnut - A Black Walnut Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent
Black Walnut - A Black Walnut Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent. Page 12.

Blackgum - A Blackgum Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent
Blackgum - A Blackgum Illustration by Charles Sprague Sargent. Page 9.

Tree Illustrations of Charles Sprague Sargent
Common Trees of the Eastern United States - The Tree Illustrations of Charles Sprague Sargent

Tree Illustrations of Charles Sprague Sargent
Common Trees of the Eastern United States - The Tree Illustrations of Charles Sprague Sargent

Tree Illustrations of Charles Sprague Sargent
Common Trees of the Eastern United States - The Tree Illustrations of Charles Sprague Sargent

Tree Illustrations of Charles Sprague Sargent
Common Trees of the Eastern United States - The Tree Illustrations of Charles Sprague Sargent

Tree Illustrations of Charles Sprague Sargent
Common Trees of the Eastern United States - The Tree Illustrations of Charles Sprague Sargent

What Should I Add to the Christmas Tree Water?
This question and answer site gives answers to frequently asked information on Christmas trees. Tips on Watering your Christmas Tree in the Christmas Tree Stand

A Complete Fall Color and Autumn Leaf Viewing Guide
A complete information guide on all aspects of fall color and the autumn leaf season. You will find where to view tree leaf colors, how trees change colors, photos of leaf color by species and how to predict the coming fall viewing season.

The Science of Leaf Change - How Tree Leaves Change Color in Fall
An explanation of leaf color change when specific biological triggers occur in the Fall of the year. The process of autumn leaf change is predictable and follows a specific scientific process causing leaf change. Page 2.

How to Best View the Autumn Color Change - Finding the Best Autumn Viewing Sites
Here are several tips on finding the best fall leaf viewing in North America. Find the best spots and dates where fall color is predicted to be spectacular. Page 3.

A Complete Christmas Tree Buying and Care Guide
Here is a complete Christmas tree buying guide to help you find the perfect Christmas tree and preserve it through the full season. Finding a Christmas tree is just one step in a list of

Buy a Christmas Tree on a Farm or Off the Lot
Depending on your situation in life, finding and buying a Christmas tree off a lot or harvested from a farm makes sense. It is also very convenient to order a tree online if you have little or no time to shop or are confined to your home. Page 2.

Providing for Living and Cut Christmas Trees
Using a living tree as opposed to a cut tree at Christmas time is often debated. Either way, there are important considerations and decisions to be made. Page 3.

Growing Your Own Christmas Tree - The Most Popular Christmas Trees
The most important thing for a Christmas tree consumer is to find the right sources for your information. Here are some final instructions for those interested in Christmas trees. Page 4.

Eastern Hemlock Tree, Beautiful in All Landscapes
Eastern hemlock, a

Do Trees Have to be Split and Stored to Make Firewood?


Propagation of Common Pine Tree Seed
Pine Tree Seed - Propagate Pine Tree Seed

The American Liberty Elm - Overview
You can only purchase Dutch Elm Disease resistant American Liberty elm trees from Elm Research Institute. Get involved with their matching grant and the Johnny Elmseed Project.

The Tallest, Oldest, Heaviest and Most Massive Trees
Some trees are the most massive living things and certainly the largest plants on earth. Several tree species also live longer than any other terrestrial organism.

Tree Leaf Key - Identify 50 Common North American Trees
Black Willow, Elm, Birch, Black Cherry, Beech and Basswood - Tree Leaf Key

Silhouettes Japanese Maple Leaf
Silhouettes Japanese Maple Leaf. Forestry. Page 31.

Silhouettes Mimosa Leaf
Silhouettes Mimosa Leaf. Forestry. Page 35.

Silhouettes Persimmon Leaf
Silhouettes Persimmon Leaf. Forestry. Page 29.

Silhouettes Redcedar Leaf
Silhouettes Redcedar Leaf. Forestry. Page 33.

Silhouettes Sassafras Leaves
Silhouettes Sassafras Leaves. Forestry. Page 32.

Silhouettes Sweetgum Leaf
Silhouettes Sweetgum Leaf. Forestry. Page 30.

Silhouettes Virginia Creeper Leaf
Silhouettes Virginia Creeper Leaf. Page 34.

Silhouettes Chinese Tallow Tree Leaf
Silhouettes Chinese Tallow Tree Leaf. Page 28.

Silhouettes Redbud Leaf
Silhouettes Redbud Leaf. Forestry. Page 21.

A Silhouette of the Sawtooth Oak Leaf
An illustrated silhouette of a sawtooth oak leaf. Page 22.

Silhouettes Southern Magnolia Leaf
Silhouettes Southern Magnolia Leaf. Page 27.

Silhouettes Sycamore Leaf
Silhouettes Sycamore Leaf. Forestry. Page 23.

Silhouettes Water Oak Leaf
Silhouettes Water Oak Leaf. Forestry. Page 26.

Silhouettes Willow Oak Leaf
Silhouettes Willow Oak Leaf. Forestry. Page 25.

Silhouettes Yellow Poplar Leaf
Silhouettes Yellow Poplar Leaf. Forestry. Page 24.

Silhouettes American Elm Leaf
Silhouettes American Elm Leaf. Forestry. Page 18.

Silhouettes Birch Leaf
Silhouettes Birch Leaf. Forestry. Page 16.

Silhouettes Dogwood Leaf
Silhouettes Dogwood Leaf. Forestry. Page 19.

Silhouettes Hickory Leaf
Silhouettes Hickory Leaf. Forestry. Page 20.

Silhouettes White Oak Leaf
Silhouettes White Oak Leaf. Forestry. Page 17.

Silhouettes Basswood Leaf
Silhouettes Basswood Leaf. Forestry. Page 5.

Silhouettes Horse Chestnut/Buckeye Leaf
Silhouettes Horse Chestnut/Buckeye Leaf. Page 2.

Silhouettes Bur Oak Leaf
Silhouettes Bur Oak Leaf. Forestry. Page 6.

Silhouettes Catalpa Leaf
Silhouettes Catalpa Leaf. Forestry. Page 11.

Silhouettes Cottonwood Leaf
Silhouettes Cottonwood Leaf. Forestry. Page 10.

Silhouettes Ginkgo Leaf
Silhouettes Ginkgo Leaf. Forestry. Page 3.

Silhouettes Hackberry Leaf
Silhouettes Hackberry Leaf. Forestry. Page 8.

Silhouettes Honey Locust Leaf
Silhouettes Honey Locust Leaf. Forestry. Page 12.

Silhouettes Ironwood Leaf
Silhouettes Ironwood Leaf. Forestry. Page 7.

Silhouettes Maple Leaf
Silhouettes Maple Leaf. Forestry. Page 4.

Silhouettes Prickly Ash Leaf
Silhouettes Prickly Ash Leaf. Forestry. Page 14.

Silhouettes Quaking Aspen Leaf
Silhouettes Quaking Aspen Leaf. Forestry. Page 15.

Silhouettes Red Oak Leaf
Silhouettes Red Oak Leaf. Forestry. Page 13.

silhouettes Big Tooth Aspen
silhouettes Big Tooth Aspen. Forestry. Page 9.

Saucer Magnolia | Japanese Magnolia | Tulip Tree
Flowering Saucer Magnolia | Japanese Magnolia | Tulip Tree. Page 6.

Saucer Magnolia | Japanese Magnolia | Tulip Tree
Saucer Magnolia | Japanese Magnolia | Tulip Tree. Page 2.

Saucer Magnolia | Japanese Magnolia | Tulip Tree
Saucer Magnolia | Japanese Magnolia | Tulip Tree. Page 3.

Saucer Magnolia | Japanese Magnolia | Tulip Tree
Saucer Magnolia | Japanese Magnolia | Tulip Tree. Page 4.

Saucer Magnolia | Japanese Magnolia | Tulip Tree
Saucer Magnolia | Japanese Magnolia | Tulip Tree. Page 5.

Saucer Magnolia | Japanese Magnolia | Tulip Tree
Saucer Magnolia | Japanese Magnolia | Tulip Tree

Japanese Magnolia / Tulip Tree Gallery
Photos of Saucer Magnolia Japanese Magnolia gallery Tulip Tree

Silhouettes Green Ash Leaf
Silhouettes Green Ash Leaf. Forestry.

Identify a Tree by Leaf Silhouette
Tree Leaf Silhouette - Identify a Tree by Leaf Silhouette

Identify a Tree by Leaf Silhouette
Tree Leaf Silhouette - Identify a Tree by Leaf Silhouette

Identify a Tree by Leaf Silhouette
Tree Leaf Silhouette - Identify a Tree by Leaf Silhouette

Essential Red Maple Information
Here is essential information on selecting, growing, and managing red maple for the landscape.

How to Manage and Maintain Paulownia tomentosa
Paulownia tomentosa is a special tree with many great characteristics and uses. Royal paulownia is not native to North America but has naturalized and spread throughout the eastern United States. The tree is also surrounded by myth and legend and is promoted as an extremely valuable tree.

Growing and Caring for Norfolk Island Pine
Norfolk-island Pine is a tall conifer, grows outside in sub-tropic conditions but is a favorite inside

How to Manage and Identify American Beautyberry
American beautyberry is a large shrub of the American forest and a major fall source of food for wildlife. Forestry managers should encourage the growing of Callicarpa americana in the forest understory.

The Unessential Ailanthus altissima
Ailanthus or Tree-of-Heaven was introduced into the US over two centuries ago and continues to spread. Once thought to be of value the tree is now a pest.

Problems With Included Tree Bark
Included bark is a serious yard tree defect and should be immediately removed by pruning. The younger the tree has work done, the better the results.

Understanding Sections - The Basic Section Grid
Here is the schematic of a basic section setup. Sections, township and ranges make the building blocks of the United States Public Land Survey.

Understanding Section Subdivisions - The Basic Quarter Section Grid
Here is the schematic of a basic quarter section setup. Sections, township and ranges make the building blocks of the United States Public Land Survey.

Basic Section Township and Range Charts
Here is the schematic of a basic township and range setup. Sections, township and ranges make the building blocks of the United States Public Land Survey.

Complete List of American National Forests
State by State Headquarters of National Forests in the United States

Complete List of American National Forests
State by State Headquarters of National Forests in the United States

Complete List of American National Forests
State by State Headquarters of National Forests in the United States

Complete List of American National Forests
State by State Headquarters of National Forests in the United States

What is a Timber Rotation Period?
A timber rotation is that period of time between timber stand establishment and harvest. Foresters managing forests for a final harvest determine an optimum rotation period using special tools and a statistical sampling system.

Central Park South - A Photo Tour of Common Trees
New York's Central Park was the first landscaped park in America. Here is a walking photo tour visiting ten most common trees in Central Park South.

Central Park South - Hackberry
On a corner, just north and east of Tavern-on-the-Green, is a large and beautiful hackberry. Just across the paved West Drive is Sheep Meadow. Hackberry is also present in large numbers in Central Park South's Ramble, a large 38-acre wooded area.

Central Park South - Eastern Hemlock
This small eastern hemlock is located in the stunning Shakespeare Garden. The Shakespeare Garden is Central Park's only rock garden.

Central Park South - Eastern Redbud
Just north of the Metropolitan Museum blooms a beautiful redbud that graces the Central Park entrance.

Central Park South - Saucer Magnolia
A saucer magnolia is in a little grove in Central Park just off East Drive and directly behind the Metropolitan Museum.

Central Park South - Black Tupelo
This large, triple-trunked black tupelo is in Central Park's Glade. The Glade, just north of Conservatory Water, is a depression with gentle, flat terrain that makes for a perfect spot to relax.

Central Park South - Colorado Blue Spruce
This Colorado Blue Spruce is located just south of The Glade. It is one of the most beautiful trees on the east side of Central Park.

Central Park South - Horsechestnut
New York's Central Park was the first landscaped park in America. Here is a walking photo tour visiting ten most common trees in Central Park South.

Central Park South - Cedar of Lebanon
New York's Central Park was the first landscaped park in America. Here is a walking photo tour visiting ten most common trees in Central Park South.

Central Park South - Eastern Red Cedar
Cedar Hill in Central Park is named for its cedars including Eastern red cedar. Cedar Hill is just south of the Metropolitan Museum.

Calculating Tree Height for Cruiser Stick - Scribing Tree Heights on Biltmore Stick
Calculating and scribing tree heights by 10 foot sections and by logs while creating a cruising stick.

Design and Construct a Simple Cruiser Stick
Here is an easy and accurate way to make a Biltmore Cruiser Stick. Follow my instructions and create a 30 inch

Calibrating Your Cruiser Stick - Setting Up the Work Area
Calibrating a Biltmore stick is easy if you have the right tools at hand and can do a bit of simple math.

Calculating Tree Diameter for Biltmore stick - Scribing Tree Diameters on Cruiser Stick
Calculating and scribing tree diameters at diameter breast height while creating a cruising stick.

Find the right saw that fits your needs but safe and easy to use.
How to find just the right chainsaw that both fits your needs and is safe and easy to use.

Personal Protective Chainsaw Safety Gear
You must learn how to work safely with a chainsaw so protect yourself with personal protective gear.

Preparing a plan when using a chainsaw for safety and a better outcome.
Managing your chainsaw experience with preplanning using appropriate accessories and felling technique.

Take a refresher using steps to safely start and run your chainsaw
Learn how to safely start a chainsaw using these safe but simple examples.

Use a Chainsaw Safely
You must learn how to work safely with a chainsaw if used in your backyard forest.

Working Safely with a Chainsaw
Here are the critical things to understand and practice when using a chainsaw. These tips can prevent severe injury while making a chainsaw efficient and easy to use.

World Forest Cover Type Maps and Natural Tree Ranges
The mapped locations of broad types of forest cover according to frequency of tree occurrence.

Old Sycamore Bark
Old Sycamore Bark. Forestry. Page 38.

Persimmon Bark
Persimmon Bark. Forestry. Page 31.

Red Cedar Bark
Red Cedar Bark. Forestry. Page 32.

Red Maple Bark
Red Maple Bark. Forestry. Page 25.

Silver Maple Bark
Silver Maple Bark. Forestry. Page 24.

Dormant tree twigs - Dormant Winter Tree Twig Markers
Dormant tree twigs illustration - Dormant Winter Tree Twig Markers

Yellow Poplar Bark
Yellow Poplar Bark. Forestry. Page 40.

Yellow poplar twig
Yellow poplar twig. Forestry. Page 41.

Photo American Beech Bark
Photo American Beech Bark in a old beech forest. Page 6.

Ash Twigs
Dormant ash Twigs shown in Winter dormancy. Page 4.

Black cherry bark
Black cherry bark. Forestry. Page 11.

Cherry Bark Oak Acorn
Cherry Bark Oak Acorn. Forestry. Page 29.

Elm twig
Elm twig - no terminal bud and zig-zag. Page 17.

Flowering Dogwood Bark
Flowering Dogwood Bark. Forestry. Page 14.

Flowering dogwood twig
Flowering dogwood twig. Forestry. Page 15.

Hackberry Bark
Hackberry bark - very distinctive

Magnolia Bark
Magnolia Bark. Forestry. Page 22.

Maple twig
Maple twig. Forestry. Page 23.

Dormant Tree Identification Gallery - Leaf and Twig Arrangements
Dormant Tree Identification Gallery - Photos of Dormant Winter Tree Markers - Leaf and Twig Arrangements. Page 2.

Persistent oak twig
Persistent oak twig. Forestry. Page 30.

Red Maple Bark and Trunk
Red Maple Bark and Trunk. Forestry. Page 27.

Red Maple Seed Key
Red Maple Seed Key. Forestry. Page 26.

Redbud Bark
Redbud Bark. Forestry. Page 33.

River Birch Bark
River Birch Bark showing the very familiar colorful peeling bark. Page 8.

Sweetgum Bark
Sweetgum Bark. Forestry. Page 35.

Sweetgum balls
Sweetgum balls. Forestry. Page 36.

Shagbark Hickory
Shagbark Hickory. Forestry. Page 20.

American Elm Trunk and Bark
This is a classic image of an American Elm trunk. Page 18.

Ash twig and fruit
Ash twig and fruit from winter tree shown together. Page 3.

Ash twig
Ash twig showing buds and leaf scales. Page 5.

Beech twig
Beech twig showing pointed beech scaled buds. Page 7.

Birch twig
Birch twig showing dormant parts. Page 10.

Cherry twig
Cherry twig showing light horizontal lenticels. Page 12.

Elm Bark with Summer Leaves
Yellow- tinged Elm Bark with Summer Leaves. Page 16.

Pecan Bark
Pecan Bark. Forestry. Page 21.

Redbud Flowers and Remnant Fruit
Redbud Flowers and Remnant Fruit. Page 34.

River birch twig
River birch twig with female short cones. Page 9.

Sycamore fruit balls
Sycamore fruit balls. Forestry. Page 37.

Sycamore and ash - alternate and opposite
Sycamore and ash - alternate and opposite. Page 39.

Water Oak Bark
Water Oak Bark. Forestry. Page 28.

Dormant Tree Identification Gallery
Dormant Tree Identification Gallery - Photos of Dormant Winter Tree Markers

Dormant Tree Identification Gallery
Dormant Tree Identification Gallery - Photos of Dormant Winter Tree Markers

Dormant Tree Identification Gallery
Dormant Tree Identification Gallery - Photos of Dormant Winter Tree Markers

Dormant Tree Identification Gallery
Dormant Tree Identification Gallery - Photos of Dormant Winter Tree Markers

Dogwood bud and persistent leaf
Flowering dogwood flower buds are very prominent. Page 13.

Dormant Tree Identification Gallery
Dormant Tree Identification Gallery - Photos of Dormant Winter Tree Markers

Where U.S. Forests are Located
U.S. Forest Service maps where forests are located and forest densities in the United States.

Okanagan Mountain Park Fire Disaster - British Columbia, Canada - August, 2003
Okanagan Mountain Park Fire - British Columbia, Canada - August, 2003

Thirty Mile Fire Disaster - Winthrop, Washington - July, 2001
Thirty Mile Fire Disaster - Winthrop, Washington - July, 2001

The Lowden Ranch Prescribed Fire - Lewiston, California - July, 1999
The Lowden Ranch Prescribed Fire - Lewiston, California - July, 1999

South Canyon Fire Disaster - Glenwood Springs, Colorado - July, 1994
South Canyon Fire Disaster - Glenwood Springs, Colorado - July, 1994

Yellowstone Fire Disaster - Yellowstone National Park - Summer, 1988
Yellowstone Fire Disaster - Yellowstone National Park - Summer, 1988

Hayman Fire Disaster - Pike National Forest, Colorado - June, 2002
Hayman Fire Disaster - Pike National Forest, Colorado - June, 2002

Dude Fire Wildfire Disaster
Dude Fire Disaster - Near Payson, Arizona - Late June, 1990

Laguna Fire Disaster - Cleveland National Forest, California - September, 1970
Laguna Fire Disaster - Cleveland National Forest, California - September, 1970

Capitan Gap Fire Disaster - Lincoln National Forest , New Mexico - May, 1950
Capitan Gap Fire Disaster - Lincoln National Forest , New Mexico - May, 1950

Destructive Forest Fires - 1950 to Present
A list of the most destructive wildfire disasters in North American history from 1950 to present

Serotiny and the Serotinous Cone
Pyrescence and the ecology of forest fire-prone lands have influenced all species of flora and fauna that live near fire. Serotiny of some seed plants evolved to use the heat of fire to trigger seed fall and is a major factor in tree regeneration where fire is common.

Eight Reasons to Plant Trees | Trees Become Carbon Sinks
Eight Reasons to Plant Trees | Trees Become Carbon Sinks

Eight Reasons to Plant Trees | Trees Shade and Cool
Eight Reasons to Plant Trees | Trees Shade and Cool

Eight Reasons to Plant Trees | Trees Act as Windbreaks
Eight Reasons to Plant Trees | Trees Act as Windbreaks

A Tree's Importance and Environmental Benefit
Trees have importance and value beyond being a valuable crop. A tree's benefit includes sound abatement, oxygen production, shade and protection from soil erosion.

Eight Reasons to Plant Trees | Trees Make Effective Sound Barriers
Eight Reasons to Plant Trees | Trees Make Effective Sound Barriers

Eight Reasons to Plant Trees | Trees Produce Oxygen
Eight Reasons to Plant Trees | Trees Produce Oxygen

Eight Reasons to Plant Trees | Trees Clean the Air
Eight Reasons to Plant Trees | Trees Clean the Air

Eight Reasons to Plant Trees | Trees Fight Soil Erosion
Eight Reasons to Plant Trees | Trees Fight Soil Erosion

Eight Reasons to Plant Trees | Trees Increase Property Values
Eight Reasons to Plant Trees | Trees Increase Property Values

Best Spots to See Fall Color - The Blue Ridge Parkway in North Carolina
The Blue Ridge Parkway and fall foliage viewing. One of the ten best views of autumn leaf foliage in North American forests.

10 Best Fall Color Forest Views in the US and Canada
The Kancamagus Scenic Byway in New Hampshire, one of the ten best views of autumn leaf foliage in North American forests.

Western Cascades in the Pacific Northwest - Best Spots to See Fall Color
Fall color in the Pacific Northwest and Western Cascades. One of the ten best views of autumn leaf foliage in North American forests.

Best Spots to See Fall Color - The Green Mountains in Vermont
The Green Mountains in Vermont and fall foliage viewing. One of the ten best views of autumn leaf foliage in North American forests.

Best Spots to See Fall Color - Chautauqua and Allegheny Country in Pennsylvania and New York
Fall viewing in Chautauqua and Allegheny Country in Pennsylvania and New York. One of the ten best views of autumn leaf foliage in North American forests.

Best Spots to See Fall Color - The Laurentian Mountains in Quebec Canada -
Fall in the Laurentian Mountains in Quebec Canada. One of the ten best views of autumn leaf foliage in North American forests.