Grammar & Composition Sitemap - Page 10 2016-09-26

Case Grammar - Definition and Examples
A linguistic theory that stresses the importance of semantic roles in an effort to make explicit the basic meaning relationships in a sentence.

Bullets as Marks of Punctuation Definition
A mark of punctuation (•) used to introduce items in a list.

corpus lexicography - definition and examples of corpus-based lexicography
The process of compiling or revising a dictionary based on texts (of written and/or spoken language) collected in an electronic format (i.e., corpora).

A Quiz on the Commonly Confused Words Its/It's and Their/There/They're - A Multiple Choice Quiz
What is the difference between

Free Online Dictionaries You've Probably Never Heard Of - Seven Specialized Dictionaries on the Web
You'll find countless specialized dictionaries on the Web. Some of these are clearly labors of love, the work of amateur lexicographers. Others are wikis, developed by communities of volunteers. Here are seven of the best.

Answers to the Quiz on Its/It's and Their/There/They're - A Multiple Choice Quiz on Commonly Confused Words
On this page you'll find the answers to the Quiz on Its/It's and Their/There/They're. Page 2.

Quiz on Common Grammatical Terms - A Multiple Choice Quiz on 25 Grammatical Terms
After studying the Top 25 Grammatical Terms, take this multiple-choice quiz to review what you have learned.

Answers to the Quiz on Common Grammatical Terms
On this page you'll find the answers to our Quiz on Common Grammatical Terms. Page 2.

Pure Word Music: How to Write Like P.G. Wodehouse
Enjoy these passages from the comic novels of P.G. Wodehouse--a sampler of his favorite stylistic tricks and rhetorical strategies.

Quiz on Commonly Confused Verbs and Verb Forms - A Sentence-Completion Exercise
This sentence-completion quiz will give you practice in using the correct forms of several commonly confused verbs.

Answers to the Quiz on Commonly Confused Verbs and Verb Forms
Here are the answers to the Quiz on Commonly Confused Verbs and Verb Forms. Page 2.

Expanding Sentences With Adjectives and Adverbs
This exercise will give you practice in expanding sentences with adjectives and adverbs.

Practice in Forming Contractions in English - A Word-Combining Exercise
This exercise will give you practice in forming 20 common contractions in English.

Practice in Forming Contractions in English - Answers to the Exercise
Here are the answers to the exercise on page one: Practice in Forming Contractions in English. Page 2.

Good Casual Prose - Writers on Informal Writing
Good casual prose--writing that's simple, direct, and informal--doesn't have to be sloppy, choppy, cutesy, or clichéd. Quite the opposite, as these professional writers make clear.

Expanding Sentences With Absolute Phrases - A Sentence-Expanding Exercise
This exercise will give you practice in using absolute phrases to add details to sentences.

Exercise: Recasting a Paragraph in the Past Tense III - A Revision Exercise Based on a Paragraph by Edward Abbey
This revision exercise, based on a paragraph by Edward Abbey, will give you practice in using the appropriate past-tense forms of regular and irregular verbs.

Answers to the Exercise: Recasting a Paragraph in the Past Tense III
On this page you'll find the answers to the exercise in Recasting a Paragraph in the Past Tense III: A Revision Exercise Based on a Paragraph by Edward Abbey. Page 2.

Practice in Identifying Dependent Clauses - An Identification Exercise: Children's Book Edition
A dependent clause (also known as a subordinate clause) is a word group that has both a subject and a verb but can't stand alone as a sentence. This exercise will give you practice in identifying dependent clauses.

Metaphorical Overkill and Other Disfigured Figures of Speech - The Best of "Block That Metaphor" From "The New Yorker" Magazine
For over 50 years,

Practice in Identifying Dependent Clauses - An Identification Exercise: Children's Book Edition
Here you will find the answers to the exercise in Identifying Dependent Clauses. Page 2.

30 Tips on How to Eliminate Redundant Expressions in English - A Tip Sheet on Cutting the Clutter
As you practice cutting the clutter in your prose, consider these 30 examples of common redundancies, with brief explanations and tips on how to avoid them.

Language at "-ese": Academese, Legalese, and Other Species of Gobbledygook
One job of the suffix

Writers on Writing: Further Reflections on Words - Quotations on Words
In this article (a sequel to

Synonyms and Variety of Expression, by Walter Alexander Raleigh - Readings on Rhetoric and Prose Style
This discussion of synonyms (along with the stylistic vice that Henry Fowler would later call

How the French Boy Learns to Write, by Rollo Walter Brown - Composition and Dictation
In these excerpts from Rollo Brown's study of the French school system a century ago, he describes the practice that we now call

Passages on English Prose Style - Excerpts From Readings on Rhetoric and Prose Style
Some of the key principles underlying an effective style have proved remarkably enduring. With this thought in mind, we present five passages from our collection of Readings on Rhetoric and Prose Style.

On English Composition, by Charles Kingsley - Classic British Essays and Speeches - Readings on Rhetoric and Style
In this address to the young women of Queen's College, London, Charles Kingsley discusses his views on style and outlines his method of teaching composition, a plan that includes class discussions of students' original works.

On English Composition, by Charles Kingsley (page two) - Classic British Essays and Speeches - Readings on Rhetoric and Style
In this address to the young women of Queen's College, London, Charles Kingsley discusses his views on style and outlines his method of teaching composition, a plan that includes class discussions of students' original works. Page 2.

Vice and Vise - Commonly Confused Words in English
The commonly confused words

Vice and Vise - Answers to Practice Exercises
The commonly confused words

The English Manner of Discourse, by Thomas Sprat - Excerpt from the History of the Royal Society - Readings on Rhetoric and Prose Style
In this excerpt from the History of the Royal Society (1667), poet and publicist Thomas Sprat advocates the use of a

Immunity and Impunity - Commonly Confused Words
The commonly confused words

Ordinance and Ordnance - Commonly Confused Words
The commonly confused words

Ordinance and Ordnance - Answers to Practice Exercises - Commonly Confused Words
The commonly confused words

Compile and Compose - Commonly Confused Words
The commonly confused words

Compile and Compose - Answers to Practice Exercises
The commonly confused words

Connote and Denote - Commonly Confused Words
The commonly confused words

Connote and Denote - Answers to Practice Exercises - Commonly Confused Words
The commonly confused words

Definite and Definitive - Commonly Confused Words
The commonly confused words

Definite and Definitive - Answers to Practice Exercises
The commonly confused words

Regime, Regimen, and Regiment - Commonly Confused Words
The commonly confused words

Regime, Regimen, and Regiment - Commonly Confused Words
The commonly confused words

Comprehensible and Comprehensive - Commonly Confused Words
The commonly confused words

Comprehensible and Comprehensive - Answers to Practice Exercises
The commonly confused words

Supersede and Surpass - Commonly Confused Words
The commonly confused words

Supersede and Surpass - Answers to Practice Exercises
The commonly confused words

Immunity and Impunity - Answers to Practice Exercises
The commonly confused words

Luxuriant and Luxurious - Commonly Confused Words
The commonly confused words

Luxuriant and Luxurious - Commonly Confused Words
The commonly confused words

Compulsion and Compunction - Commonly Confused Words
The commonly confused words

Compulsion and Compunction - Answers to Practice Exercises
The commonly confused words

Penultimate and Ultimate - Commonly Confused Words
The commonly confused words 'penultimate' and 'ultimate' have similar meanings when used as both nouns and adjectives, but they are not synonyms.

Penultimate and Ultimate - Commonly Confused Words
The commonly confused words

Missed and Mist - Commonly Confused Words
The commonly confused words

Missed and Mist - Commonly Confused Words
The commonly confused words

Forbear and Forebear - Commonly Confused Words
The verb

Forbear and Forebear - Answers to Practice Exercises
The verb

Profit and Prophet - Commonly Confused Words
The commonly confused words

Profit and Prophet - Answers to Practice Exercises
Profit and Prophet: Answers to Practice Exercises. Page 2.

Excerpts From Overset by Franklin Pierce Adams - Classic American Essays
In self-deprecating fashion, F.P.A. once described his popular newspaper column as an

Values in Life, by Rudyard Kipling - Classic British Essays
At the end of this address (originally delivered to the students at McGill University, Kipling says,

Vocabulary Builder #6 - William Hazlitt's Words - Vocabulary Quiz on William Hazlitt's Essays
The words in this multiple-choice vocabulary quiz have been drawn from five well-known essays by William Hazlitt.

Answers to Vocabulary Builder #6 - William Hazlitt's Words - Vocabulary Quiz on William Hazlitt's Essays
On this page you will find the answers to Vocabulary Builder #6: William Hazlitt's Words. Page 2.

The Destiny of Colored Americans, by Frederick Douglass - Classic American Essays
In December 1847, Frederick Douglass established the African-American newspaper

Use and Beauty, by Herbert Spencer - Classic British Essays
In the essay

On Graveyards, by Louise Imogen Guiney - Classic American Essays
Guiney's irreverent meditation

On a Piece of Rope, by Hilaire Belloc - Classic Essays
Though Belloc may appear to be free-associating as he thinks about his sole

On Long-Winded People, by Richard Steele - Classic British Essays
Talk is the subject of this essay by Richard Steele, who has often been described as a conversational writer.

A Fine Excess, by George Eliot - Classic British Essays
One of the

Coddling in Education by Henry Seidel Canby - Classic American Essays
In this critical essay, Canby describes the sort of

Book-Buying, by Augustine Birrell - Classic British Essays
According to P.J. Keating, Birrell's essays owed their popularity to

Bits of London, by Ford Madox Ford - Classic British Essays
Note Ford's use of antithesis to evoke contrasting moods and images in this excerpt from

Bed-Books and Night-Lights, by Henry Major Tomlinson - Classic British Essays
Tomlinson's best work, says critic P.J. Keating, is to be found in his essays:

Boscastle, by Walter Bagehot - Classic British Essays
The essay

By the Railway Side, by Alice Meynell - Classic British Essays
This descriptive narrative by Alice Meynell contains a brief but powerful vignette.

The Unnatural Naturalist, by Christopher Morley - Classic American Essays
In Morley's

Footprints on the Seashore, by Nathaniel Hawthorne - Classic American Essays
Critic Darrel Abel once observed that

Footprints on the Seashore, by Nathaniel Hawthorne (page two) - Classic American Essays
Critic Darrel Abel once observed that

Saloonio: A Study in Shakespearean Criticism, by Stephen Leacock - Classic Essays
In

Saloonio: A Study in Shakespearean Criticism, by Stephen Leacock (page two) - Classic Essays
In

Of Marriage and Single Life, by Francis Bacon
In his analysis of the essay. Grammar & Composition.

Woman's Political Future, by Frances E.W. Harper - Classic American Essays and Speeches


Woman's Political Future, by Frances E.W. Harper (page two) - Classic American Essays and Speeches


Free! by Charles Hanson Towne - Classic American Essays
In the familiar essay

The Hurricane, by John James Audubon - Classic American Essays


Of Truth, by Francis Bacon - Classic British Essays
Is anyone capable of finding truth and offering it to the world in the clear light of day? That is the question explored by Francis Bacon in his classic essay

Entering Wales, by Edward Thomas - Classic British Essays
Note the poetic quality and imaginative vigor of Edward Thomas's highly descriptive prose.

Entering Wales, by Edward Thomas (page two) - Classic British Essays
Note the poetic quality and the imaginative vigor of Edward Thomas's highly descriptive prose. Page 2.

Rochester, by Nathaniel Hawthorne - Classic American Essays
Hawthorne's sketch of legendary daredevil Sam Patch and the

An Experiment in Modesty, by Peter McArthur (page two) - A Classic Canadian Essay
The narrator of Peter McArthur's

An Experiment in Modesty, by Peter McArthur - A Classic Canadian Essay
The narrator of Peter McArthur's

Ghosts, by Archibald MacMechan - Classic Essays
In the essay

On the Selection of Epitaphs, by Archibald MacMechan - Classic Essays
Consider the reasoning behind Archibald MacMechan's suggestion that we should

The Spoiled Children of Civilization, by Samuel McChord Crothers - Classic American Essays


The Spoiled Children of Civilization, by Samuel McChord Crothers (page two) - Classic American Essays


The Spoiled Children of Civilization, by Samuel McChord Crothers (page three) - Classic American Essays


The Young Pessimists, by Heywood Broun - Classic American Essays
Rhetorically,

The Young Pessimists, by Heywood Broun (page two) - Classic American Essays
Rhetorically,

My Chateaux, by George William Curtis - Classic American Essays
In the familiar essay

My Chateaux, by George William Curtis (page Two) - Classic American Essays
In the familiar essay

Fog Patterns, by Ben Hecht - Classic American Essays
More than a simple place description, Hecht's essay relies on personification, character sketches, snippets of dialogue, and the recurring symbol of

American Bohemians in Paris, by Ernest Hemingway - Classic American Essays
In the early 1920s, as a foreign correspondent for the Toronto Star Weekly, Ernest Hemingway wrote nearly 100 articles and essays. Among them was this contemptuous description of pseudo-artists in the Latin Quarter.

A Contrast in Generations, by Helen Mathers - Classic British Essays
Note how Mathers uses a series of comparisons and analogies to defend the younger generation and the

A Contrast in Generations, by Helen Mathers (page two) - Classic British Essays
Note how Mathers uses a series of comparisons and analogies to defend the younger generation and the

The Philosophy of Furniture, by Edgar Allan Poe - Classic American Essays
Note Poe's vigorous use of invective in the first part of

The Philosophy of Furniture, by Edgar Allan Poe (page two) - Classic American Essays
Note Poe's vigorous use of invective in the first part of

Practice in Identifying Direct Objects - Identification Exercise
This exercise will give you practice in identifying direct objects in sentences.

Practice in Identifying Direct Objects - Answers to the Identification Exercise
This exercise will give you practice in identifying direct objects in sentences. On this page you will find the answers to the exercise. Page 2.

Answers to Vocabulary Quiz #4: Defining Words in Context
On this page you'll find the answers to Vocabulary Quiz #4: Defining Words in Context. Page 2.

Expanding Sentences With Adjective Clauses - A Sentence-Expanding Exercise
This exercise will give you practice in building and expanding sentences with adjective clauses.

Vocabulary Quiz #4: Defining Words in Context - Practice in Using Context Clues
This quiz will help you develop your vocabulary by using context clues to determine the meanings of unfamiliar words.

Practice in Turning Adjectives Into Adverbs - Answers to Practice Exercises
Many adverbs are formed by adding

Practice in Turning Adjectives Into Adverbs
Many adverbs are formed by adding

Verb Tense Exercise: Using the Past Forms of Regular Verbs - Completing and Combining Sentences With Regular Verbs
In this two-part exercise, you will (1) select the correct form of the regular verb in parentheses, and (2) combine the sentences in the exercise into a cohesive paragraph.

Verb Tense Exercise: Using the Past Forms of Regular Verbs - Sample Answers
In this two-part exercise, you will (1) select the correct form of the regular verb in parentheses, and (2) combine the sentences in the exercise into a cohesive paragraph. Page 2.

Identifying Prepositions in Common English Idioms - A Sentence-Completion Exercise
This exercise will give you practice in using appropriate prepositions with 20 common English idioms.

Identifying Prepositions in Common English Idioms - Answers to the Sentence-Completion Exercise
Here are the answers to the exercise in Identifying Prepositions in Common English Idioms. Below each answer you'll a brief definition of the idiom. Page 2.

Answers to the Identification Exercise: Practice in Identifying Independent Clauses
Here you'll find the answers (in bold) to the exercise Practice in Identifying Independent Clauses. Page 2.

Practice Turning Positive Statements Into Negative Ones
This exercise will give you practice in turning positive statements into negative statements by adding the word

Practice in Turning Positive Statements Into Negative Statements - Answers to the Exercise
Here you will find answers to the exercise on page one: Practice in Turning Positive Statements Into Negative Statements. Page 2.

Practice in Identifying Proper Nouns - An Identification Exercise
Proper nouns are words and phrases used as names for particular individuals, places, and events. This exercise will give you practice in identifying proper nouns.

Practice in Identifying Proper Nouns: Answers to the Exercises
On this page you'll find the answers to the exercise Identifying Proper Nouns. Page 2.

Sample Answers to the Exercise: Recasting a Paragraph in the Future Tense
This exercise will give you practice in working with verb tenses: in this case, changing the past forms of verbs to the future. Page 2.

Practice in Identifying Independent Clauses - An Identification Exercise
An independent clause (also known as a main clause) is a word group that has both a subject and a verb and that can stand alone as a sentence. This exercise will give you practice in identifying independent clauses.

The Standard of Usage in English, by Thomas R. Lounsbury - 1908 - Books on Language
These excerpts from the opening and closing pages of Thomas R. Lounsbury

The Standard of Usage in English, by Thomas R. Lounsbury (page two)
These excerpts from the opening and closing pages of Thomas R. Lounsbury

The Standard of Usage in English, by Thomas R. Lounsbury (page three)
These excerpts from the opening and closing pages of Thomas R. Lounsbury

The Standard of Usage in English, by Thomas R. Lounsbury (page four)
These excerpts from the opening and closing pages of Thomas R. Lounsbury

On Lying Awake at Night, by Stewart Edward White - Classic American Essays
White's lyrical prose presents the forest

Of Travel, by Francis Bacon - Classic British Essays
When Bacon published this version of

Parental Affection, by Mary Wollstonecraft - Classic British Essays
The argumentative essay

On Friendship, by Eustace Budgell - Classic British Essays
A cousin of Joseph Addison, Eustace Budgell wrote numerous essays for the

Cowards, by Simeon Strunsky - Classic Essays
Influenced by the British essayists William Hazlitt and G.K. Chesterton, Simeon Strunsky is primarily remembered for his humorous essays. Of these,

Cowards, by Simeon Strunsky (page two) - Classic Essays
Influenced by the British essayists William Hazlitt and G.K. Chesterton, Simeon Strunsky is primarily remembered for his humorous essays. Of these,

Reflections on Our Dislike of Things As They Are, by John Galsworthy - Classic British Essays
In the essay

Reflections on Our Dislike of Things As They Are, by John Galsworthy (page two) - Classic British Essays
In the essay

London From a Distance, by Ford Madox Ford - Classic British Essays


On the Fear of Death, by William Hazlitt (page four) - Classic British Essays
Originally published in 1822, not long after the death of Hazlitt's father, the essay

On the Fear of Death, by William Hazlitt (page three) - Classic British Essays
Originally published in 1822, not long after the death of Hazlitt's father, the essay

On the Fear of Death, by William Hazlitt (page two) - Classic British Essays
Originally published in 1822, not long after the death of Hazlitt's father, the essay

On the Fear of Death, by William Hazlitt - Classic British Essays
Originally published in 1822, not long after the death of Hazlitt's father, the essay

When I Come to Be Old, by Jonathan Swift - Classic British Essays - Resolutions
Composed by young Jonathan Swift in 1699, this list of resolutions was found among Swift's papers after his death in 1745.

Why a Classic Is a Classic, by Arnold Bennett - Classic British Essays
Here Bennett argues that a

Why a Classic Is a Classic, by Arnold Bennett (page two) - Classic British Essays
Here Bennett argues that a

Writing for My Eye Only, by Virginia Woolf - Entry From the Diary of Virginia Woolf
In this entry from her diary, novelist and essayist Virginia Woolf examines the value of diary writing:

1100 Words, by Christopher Morley - Classic American Essays
If you have ever faced a tight deadline when composing an essay with a strict word limit, you'll understand the challenge faced by Christopher Morley in

London, by Charles Lamb - Classic British Essays
Like fellow essayist William Hazlitt, Charles Lamb preferred the busy life of the city to the solitude of the countryside. In this short essay, he explains why.

Luxuries, by George Ade - Classic American Essays


A Successful Failure, by Glenn Frank - Classic American Essays
In the essay

Vocabulary Builder #4: Ben Franklin's Words - Vocabulary Quiz on Benjamin Franklin's Essays
The words used in this 10-item vocabulary quiz have been drawn from several essays by Benjamin Franklin. Page 2.

Vocabulary Builder #4: Ben Franklin's Words - Vocabulary Quiz on Benjamin Franklin's Essays
The words used in this 10-item vocabulary quiz have been drawn from several essays by Benjamin Franklin.

Editing Exercise - Correcting Problems With Irregular Verbs
Complete this editing exercise after you have reviewed our Introduction to Irregular Verbs.

Answers to the Editing Exercise - Correcting Problems With Irregular Verbs
Complete this editing exercise after you have reviewed our Introduction to Irregular Verbs. On this page you'll find the answers to the editing exercise. Page 2.

Vocabulary Builder #3: H.L. Mencken's Words - Vocabulary Quiz on H.L. Mencken's Essays
The words used in this 10-item vocabulary quiz have been drawn from several essays by H.L. Mencken.

Vocabulary Builder #3: H.L. Mencken's Words - Quiz Answers
The words used in this 10-item vocabulary quiz have been drawn from several essays by H.L. Mencken. On this page you will find the answers to the quiz. Page 2.

Name That "-nym": A Matching Quiz - Words About Words
Here's a chance to test your familiarity with 10 language-related terms ending in

Name That "-nym": A Matching Quiz - Answers to the Quiz
Here are the answers to Name That

Business Writing: Exercise in Eliminating Wordiness
This exercise will give you practice in eliminating wordiness from workplace memos, letters, emails, and reports.

Under the Flapdoodle Tree: Doublespeak, Soft Language, and Gobbledygook


Practice in Using the Past Forms of Verbs - A Sentence-Completion Exercise
This exercise is based on two paragraphs from

Practice in Using the Past Forms of Verbs - Answers to the Sentence-Completion Exercise
On this page you will find the answers to the sentence-completion exercise on page one: Practice in Using the Past Forms of Verbs. Page 2.

Vocabulary Builder #2: Mark Twain's Words - Vocabulary Quiz on the Essays of Mark Twain - Answers to the Quiz
The words used in this 15-item vocabulary quiz have been drawn from several essays by Mark Twain. Page 2.

Vocabulary Builder #2: Mark Twain's Words - Vocabulary Quiz on the Essays of Mark Twain
The words used in this 15-item vocabulary quiz have been drawn from several essays by Mark Twain.

Samuel Johnson's Dictionary of the English Language
Here are nine things that every logophile should know about Samuel Johnson's monumental

Etymology Exercise - Exploring Word Origins
In this exercise, you will explore the origins of 10 words that have experienced some interesting changes in meaning over the centuries.

Answers to the Etymology Exercise - Exploring Word Origins
In this exercise, you will explore the origins of 10 words that have experienced some interesting changes in meaning over the centuries. The answers to the exercise are on this page. Page 2.

Of Simplicity and Refinement in Writing, by David Hume - Readings on Rhetoric and Prose Style
In the essay

Of Simplicity and Refinement in Writing, by David Hume (page two) - Readings on Rhetoric and Prose Style
In the essay

Truth of Intercourse, by Robert Louis Stevenson - Classic British Essays - Style
In the essay

Truth of Intercourse, by Robert Louis Stevenson (page two) - Classic British Essays - Style
In the essay

Truth of Intercourse, by Robert Louis Stevenson (three) - Classic British Essays - Style
In the essay

Teaching the Figures of Speech in Movies - Selections From N. Roy Clifton's "The Figure in Film" - Examples of Figurative Language
Drawing on N. Roy Clifton's book

On Conciseness of Style in Writing and Conversation, by Vicesimus Knox - Readings on Rhetoric and Prose Style - Classic British Essays
In this essay, Vicesimus Knox argues that one of the effects of concise writing and speaking may lie in

On Conciseness of Style in Writing and Conversation, by Vicesimus Knox (page two) - Readings on Rhetoric and Prose Style - Classic British Essays
In this essay, Vicesimus Knox argues that one of the effects of concise writing and speaking may lie in

Simplicity in Art, by Frank Norris - Classic American Essays
In

Simplicity in Art, by Frank Norris - Classic American Essays
In

Chaotic and Inchoate - Answers to Practice Exercises
Here you'll find definitions, examples, and exercises that demonstrate the difference between the adjectives

Chaotic and Inchoate - Commonly Confused Words
Here you'll find definitions, examples, and exercises that demonstrate the difference between the adjectives

Ardent and Arduous - Commonly Confused Words
The difference between

Ardent and Arduous - Commonly Confused Words
The difference between

Inveigh and Inveigle - Commonly Confused Words - Definitions, Examples, and Exercises
The verb

Inveigh and Inveigle - Commonly Confused Words - Answers to Practice Exercises
The verb

Torpid and Torrid - Commonly Confused Words - Answers to Practice Exercises
The adjective

Torpid and Torrid - Commonly Confused Words - Torpid versus Torrid
The adjective

Taught and Taut - Commonly Confused Words


Taught and Taut - Commonly Confused Words - Answers to Practice Exercises


Incite and Insight - Commonly Confused Words
The verb

Incite and Insight - Commonly Confused Words - Answers to Practice Exercises
The verb

Trustee and Trusty - Commonly Confused Words - Trustee versus Trusty
The noun

Trustee and Trusty - Commonly Confused Words - Answers to Practice Exercises
The noun

Bolder and Boulder - Commonly Confused Words
The adjective

Bolder and Boulder - Commonly Confused Words
The adjective

Translucent and Transparent - Answers to Practice Exercises
The commonly confused words

Translucent and Transparent - Commonly Confused Words
The commonly confused words

Meat, Meet, and Mete - Commonly Confused Words
The commonly confused words

Meat, Meet, and Mete - Answers to Practice Exercises
The commonly confused words

readability formula - definition and examples
A readability formula is any one of many methods of measuring or predicting the difficulty level of a text by analyzing sample passages.

verb of being - definition and examples in English grammar
In traditional grammar, a verb of being is a verb that does not show action but instead identifies who or what a noun is, was, or will be.

Limp and Limpid - Commonly Confused Words
The commonly confused words

Limp and Limpid: Answers to Practice Exercises - Commonly Confused Words
The commonly confused words

On Inscriptions and the Lapidary Style, by Vicesimus Knox - Readings on Rhetoric and Prose Style
British essayist Vicesimus Knox examines the lapidary style, a spare form of writing that has been

Nights in London, by Thomas Burke - Classic British Essays
Blending realism and romanticism in his highly descriptive prose, Burke preserves a vision of London before the onset of World War I.

Nights in London, by Thomas Burke (page two) - Classic British Essays
Blending realism and romanticism in his highly descriptive prose, Burke preserves a vision of London before the onset of World War I. Page 2.

Nights in London, by Thomas Burke (page three) - Classic British Essays
Blending realism and romanticism in his highly descriptive prose, Burke preserves a vision of London before the onset of World War I. Page 3.

Nights in London, by Thomas Burke (page four) - Classic British Essays
Blending realism and romanticism in his highly descriptive prose, Burke preserves a vision of London before the onset of World War I. Page 4.

Nights in London, by Thomas Burke (page five) - Classic British Essays
Blending realism and romanticism in his highly descriptive prose, Burke preserves a vision of London before the onset of World War I. Page 5.

A New Song of New Similes, by John Gay - Poetic Similes and Cliches
As you read John Gay’s mini-anthology of

expeditio - definition and examples of expeditio (or elimination)
In an argument, expeditio is the rejection of all but one of various alternatives.

Mutual Intelligibility Definition and Examples
A situation in which two or more speakers of a language (or of closely related languages) can understand each other.

Definition - Monroe's Motivated Sequence of Arrangement
In speech and communication studies, a five-step process designed to persuade an audience to take action.

Burkean Parlor Definition and Examples
The Burkean parlor is a metaphor introduced by philosopher and rhetorician Kenneth Burke for

Annotated Bibliography Definition and Examples
read the definition of annotated bibliography

adianoeta - definition and examples of adianoeta
A rhetorical term for a text that has an alternative or

The Acronym CUE Definition and Examples
CUE is an acronym for three traditional principles of composition: coherence, unity, and emphasis.

The Best of the Guardian Style Guide - 15 Favorite Entries
For your information and amusement, here are 15 favorite entries from the third edition of

Piteous, Pitiable, and Pitiful - Answers to Practice Exercises
The commonly confused words

Piteous, Pitiable, and Pitiful - Commonly Confused Words
The commonly confused words

Precipitate and Precipitous - Commonly Confused Words
The commonly confused words

Precipitate and Precipitous - Answers to Practice Exercises
The commonly confused words

Momentary and Momentous - Commonly Confused Words
The commonly confused words

Momentary and Momentous - Answers to Practice Exercises
The commonly confused words

Sincerity, by A.C. Benson - Classic British Essays


Preface to Pygmalion, by George Bernard Shaw - Classic British Essays
Shaw's preface to

The Satirist, by Robert Louis Stevenson - Classic British Essays
Consider how Stevenson uses various comparisons to develop this character sketch.

Exercise: Recasting a Paragraph in the Past Tense II - Adapted From "In the Heart of the Heart of the Country" by William Gass
This recasting exercise, based on a paragraph by William Gass, will give you practice in using the appropriate past-tense forms of regular and irregular verbs.

Exercise: Recasting a Paragraph in the Past Tense II - Answers to the Exercise
On this page you'll find the answers to the second exercise in Recasting a Paragraph in the Past Tense. Page 2.

Practice in Forming the Comparative and Superlative Degrees of Adjectives - A Sentence-Completion Exercise
This sentence-completion exercise will give you practice in forming the comparative and superlative degrees of adjectives.

Practice in Forming the Comparative and Superlative Degrees of Adjectives - Answers to the Sentence-Completion Exercise
Here are the answers to the exercise in Forming the Comparative and Superlative Degrees of Adjectives. Page 2.

"Keep Your Hook in the Water": Harry Crews on Writing - Quotations on Writing
Novelist and essayist Harry Crews was also a passionate teacher. It's no surprise, then, that he had more than a few things to say about writing and the writer's life.

Answers to the Sentence Building Exercise With Simple Modifiers
In this combining exercise, you will practice building sentences by adding adjectives, adverbs, and prepositional phrases. Page 2.

Sentence Building With Simple Modifiers - Combining Sentences With Adjectives, Adverbs, and Prepositional Phrases
In this combining exercise, you will practice building sentences by adding adjectives, adverbs, and prepositional phrases.

Combining Sentences in the Present Perfect
This combining exercise has two steps: first, you will convert the base forms of verbs to the present perfect; next, you will combine the sentences in the exercise into a coherent paragraph.

Combining Sentences in the Present Perfect - Answers to the Paragraph-Building Exercise
Here you will find answers to steps one and two of the exercise on page one: Combining Sentences in the Present Perfect. Page 2.

Editing Exercise: Correcting Sentence Fragments III
This exercise offers additional practice in identifying and correcting needless sentence fragments during the editing stage of the writing process.

Editing Exercise: Correcting Sentence Fragments III - Answers to the Exercise
This exercise offers additional practice in identifying and correcting needless sentence fragments during the editing stage of the writing process. On this page you will find the answers to the exercise. Page 2.

Revising Sentences With Adjective Clauses - A Sentence-Revision Exercise
This exercise will give you practice in writing and revising sentences with adjective clauses (also known as relative clauses).

Revising Sentences With Adjective Clauses - A Sentence-Revision Exercise
Here are the answers to the sentence-revision exercise on page one: Revising Sentences With Adjective Clauses. Page 2.

Popular Proverbs - A Subject-Verb Agreement Quiz
In this two-for-one quiz, you'll review 20 popular proverbs and test your understanding of the basic principles of subject-verb agreement.

Popular Proverbs - A Subject-Verb Agreement Quiz - Answers
In this two-for-one quiz, you'll review 20 popular proverbs and test your understanding of the basic principles of subject-verb agreement. On this page you'll find the answers to the quiz. Page 2.

100 Words and Phrases That Ticked You Off in 2011 - Slang, Jargon, Clichés, Usage Errors, Redundancies, & Mispronunciations
Since posting the original 200 Words and Phrases That Tick You Off, we've continued to collect readers' verbal peeves. Here are the results for 2011.

Sensible vs. Sensitive? Commonly Confused Words
The commonly confused words. Grammar & Composition.

Sensible and Sensitive: Answers to Practice Exercises - Commonly Confused Words
The commonly confused words

Judicial and Judicious - Commonly Confused Words
The adjective

Judicial and Judicious - Answers to Practice Exercises
The adjective

Imaginary and Imaginative - Commonly Confused Words
The adjective

Imaginary and Imaginative - Commonly Confused Words
The adjective

The False Refinements in Our Style, by Jonathan Swift - Readings on Rhetoric and Prose Style
Originally untitled, Swift's witty complaint about

The False Refinements in Our Style, by Jonathan Swift (page two) - Readings on Rhetoric and Prose Style
Originally untitled, Swift's witty complaint about

The Old Oak of Andover, by Harriet Beecher Stowe - Classic American Essays
Published three years after her masterpiece, the novel

Baiting the Umpire, by George Jean Nathan - Classic American Essays
In this humorous essay, originally published in 1910, Nathan argues that the appeal of professional baseball resides in

On Gusto, by William Hazlitt (page two) - Classic British Essays
A painter as well as an author, William Hazlitt wrote several important critical essays on art and artists. His short essay

On Gusto, by William Hazlitt - Classic British Essays
A painter as well as an author, William Hazlitt wrote several important critical essays on art and artists. His short essay

Vocabulary Builder #5: Robert Benchley's Words - Vocabulary Quiz on Robert Benchley's Essays
The words used in this 10-item vocabulary quiz have been drawn from four essays by Robert Benchley.

Vocabulary Builder #5: Robert Benchley's Words - Answers to the Vocabulary Quiz on Robert Benchley's Essays
The words used in this 10-item vocabulary quiz have been drawn from four comic essays by Robert Benchley. Page 2.

Sentence Completion Exercise: Personal Pronouns and Possessive Determiners - Using Pronouns Correctly
This exercise will give you practice in using personal pronouns and possessive determiners correctly and effectively.

Exercise in Using Pronouns for Cohesion and Conciseness - Recasting a Paragraph With Personal Pronouns
This exercise will give you practice is substituting pronouns for nouns to ensure cohesion and conciseness.

Exercise in Using Pronouns for Cohesion and Conciseness - Recasting a Paragraph With Personal Pronouns
This exercise will give you practice is substituting pronouns for nouns to ensure cohesion and conciseness. On this page you'll find Merrill Markoe's original paragraph on

Practice in Placing Modifiers Where They Belong - Editing Exercise - Practice in Correcting Misplaced, Dangling, and Squinting Modifiers
The job of a modifier is to clearly describe or qualify another word or word group in a sentence. This editing exercise will give you practice in placing modifiers where they belong.

Practice in Placing Modifiers Where They Belong (page two) - Answers to Editing Exercises
The job of a modifier is to clearly describe or qualify another word or word group in a sentence. This editing exercise will give you practice in placing modifiers where they belong. Page 2.

Sentence Completion Exercise: Personal Pronouns and Possessive Determiners - Answers to the Exercise
This exercise will give you practice in using personal pronouns and possessive determiners correctly and effectively. On this page you will find the answers to the exercise. Page 2.

Editing Exercise: Correcting Errors in Pronoun Reference
This editing exercise will give you practice in correcting errors in pronoun reference.

Editing Exercise: Correcting Errors in Pronoun Reference - Answers to the Exercise
This editing exercise will give you practice in correcting errors in pronoun reference. On this page you will find the answers to the exercise. Page 2.

Exercise in Combining Sentences With Regular Verbs - Practice in Using the Past Tense
In this two-part exercise, you will (1) select the correct form of the verb in the past tense, and (2) combine the sentences in the exercise into a cohesive paragraph.

Exercise in Combining Sentences With Regular Verbs - Answers to the Exercise
Here are the answers to the two-part exercise in Combining Sentences With Regular Verbs. Page 2.

Success in Life, by Walter Pater (page two) - Conclusion to the Renaissance: Studies in Art and Poetry - Classic British Essays
In the famous conclusion to

Success in Life, by Walter Pater - Conclusion to the Renaissance: Studies in Art and Poetry - Classic British Essays
In the famous conclusion to

Pleasures Natural and Fantastical, by George Berkeley - Classic British and Irish Essays
In

Pleasures Natural and Fantastical, by George Berkeley - Classic British and Irish Essays
In

A "Now": Descriptive of a Hot Day, by Leigh Hunt - Classic British Essays
Leigh Hunt's collage essay

Story-Telling, by George Eliot - Classic British Essays
Novelist George Eliot asks,

A Morning in Marathon, by Christopher Morley - Classic American Essays
In this playful account of a commuter's experiences on a cold February morning, Christopher Morley finds a bit of magic in the mundane.

Shaking Hands, by Edward Everett - Classic American Essays
In the humorous essay

Shaking Hands, by Edward Everett (page two) - Classic American Essays
In the humorous essay

Readers and Writers, by Edward Bulwer-Lytton - Classic British Essays
Editor David Brewer observes that Bulwer-Lytton is

Superstitions and Recollections of Childhood, by Oliver Wendell Holmes - Excerpt From "The Autocrat of the Breakfast-Table"


Superstitions and Recollections of Childhood, by Oliver Wendell Holmes - Excerpt From "The Autocrat of the Breakfast-Table"


Valedictory, by George Bernard Shaw - Classic British Essays
After three-and-a-half years as theater critic for the weekly

negative contraction - definition and examples of negative contractions in English
A negative verb construction that ends in

Explication - Definition and Examples
A term in research and literary criticism for the close analysis of a text or of an excerpt from a longer text.

null subject - definition and examples of null subjects in English
The absence (or apparent absence) of a subject in a sentence.

Optimality Theory - definition and examples of Optimality Theory in linguistics
In linguistics, the theory that surface forms of language reflect resolutions of conflicts between competing constraints (i.e., specific restrictions on the form[s] of a structure).

Cultural Transmission - Definition and Examples
In linguistics, the process whereby a language is passed on from one generation to the next.

Antonymy - Definition and Examples in English
The semantic qualities or sense relations that exist between words with opposite meanings in certain contexts (i.e., antonyms).

mandative subjunctive - definition and examples of mandative subjunctives in English
The use of the subjunctive mood in a subordinate clause that follows an expression of command, demand, or recommendation.

apoplanesis - definition and examples of apoplanesis in rhetoric
A rhetorical term for digression or evasion: promising to address an issue but then avoiding it by discussing something else.

context-sensitivity - definition and examples of context sensitivity in language studies
In grammar, a rule that applies only in certain specified contexts.

native speakerism - definition and examples of native speakerism
Native speakerism is the established belief (or bias) that native speakers of a language are better qualified to teach that language than non-native speakers.

Existential "There" - Definition and Examples
The use of the expletive. Grammar & Composition.

"be" deletion - definition and examples of "be" deletion in English
The omission of the copula verb

Appositive Adjective - Definition and Examples
A traditional term for an adjective (or a series of adjectives) that follows a noun and, like a nonrestrictive appositive, is set off by commas or dashes.

Two Versions of "Kidnapped by Cinema," by Susan Sontag - Scrapbook of Styles - Passage From "The Decay of Cinema," by Susan Sontag - Revisions
In an essay first published in 1995 and revised the next year, Susan Sontag examined the causes for what she saw as the

What Is Education? by Charles Macomb Flandrau - Classic American Essays
In this humorous essay, Flandrau challenges conventional notions of what it means to be an educated person.

Pompous Proverbs - An Exercise in Brevity and Clarity
Proverbs illustrate twin principles of effective writing: directness and conciseness. In this exercise, you will translate 12 wordy versions of well-known proverbs into their original simple forms.

Pompous Proverbs - An Exercise in Brevity and Clarity
Here are the answers to the translation exercise on page one: Pompous Proverbs. Page 2.

Quotation by Isaac D'Israeli - Classic British Essays
In this essay (from volume two of

Mimesis - Definition of Rhetorical Terms
A rhetorical term for the imitation, reenactment, or re-creation of someone else's words, manner of speaking, and/or delivery.

world knowledge - definition and examples
In language studies, world knowledge is the non-linguistic information that helps a reader or listener interpret the meanings of words and sentences.

Building an Essay With Regular and Irregular Verbs (page two) - Verb Tense Exercise - Sentence Completion and Combining - Answers to Exercise
Here are the answers to the sentence-completion exercise (step one) on page one. Page 2.

Building an Essay With Regular and Irregular Verbs - Verb Tense Exercise - Sentence Completion and Combining
This two-part exercise will give you practice is using the past forms of regular verbs and irregular verbs.

Building an Essay With Regular and Irregular Verbs (page three) - Verb Tense Exercise - Sentence Completion and Combining - Model Essay "Butt Ends"
Here is the original version of the essay

Banglish - definition and examples of Banglish
Banglish is an informal term for a dialectal mix of Bengali (the official language of Bangladesh) and English.

A Short Essay on Critics, by Margaret Fuller - Classic American Essays
After

Reading Quiz on "Andy," by Roger Angell - Classic Essays and Essayists - A Multiple-Choice Reading Quiz
Take this multiple-choice reading quiz on Roger Angell's

Reading Quiz on "Andy," by Roger Angell - Answers to the Multiple-Choice Reading Quiz - E.B. White
Here are the answers to the multiple-choice reading quiz on Roger Angell's

Comparison and Contrast in Witold Rybczynski's "Home" - Style and Structure in Rybczynski's "Home"
In

Family Sketches in Kate Simon's "Bronx Primitive" - Scrapbook of Styles - Passage from ''Bronx Primitive: Portraits in a Childhood'' by Kate Simon
In her first memoir,

Mark Singer's Profile of "Mr. Personality" - Scrapbook of Styles - Passages for Rhetorical Analysis
Here, in the second paragraph of a sketch that first appeared in The New Yorker (April 13, 1987), Singer describes

subtext - definition and examples of subtexts
Subtext is the implicit meaning or theme of a written or spoken text.

Cobbett's Advice on Studying Grammar - From "Advice to Young Men and (Incidentally) to Young Women," by William Cobbett
In the following excerpt from his

secondary orality - definition and examples of secondary orality
Electronic discourse, or oral communication that is made possible by modern technologies.

How to Bathe a Cat - A Process Analysis Essay - Cohesion Strategies in a Student Essay
In this 500-word composition, a student explains the challenging process of bathing a cat. Notice how the writer ensures coherence and cohesion by repeating key words and offering clear transitions from one step to the next.

The Robber and Little Ann: A Fable About Definite and Indefinite Articles - A Lively Lesson From the Little Grammarian
Early in the 19th century, William Fletcher published a book of grammatical fables to instruct and amuse young readers. One of those fables,

Why Your Language Isn't Any Better (or Worse) Than Mine - Robert Lane Greene on the long tradition of linguistic complaint
In his recently published book

Words That Laugh and Cry, by Charles Anderson Dana - Essays on Language - Editorial in the New York "Sun"
In

How to Edit and Proofread Your Résumé - Five Quick Tips for Writing an Error-Free Résumé
To be sure that your résumé is making the best impression (and not landing in the reject pile), consider these five editing and proofreading tips.

Equivocate, Prevaricate, and Procrastinate - Commonly Confused Words
The verbs

Equivocate, Prevaricate, and Procrastinate - Answers to Practice Exercises
The commonly confused words equivocate, prevaricate, and procrastinate: answers to practice exercises. Page 2.

Vocabulary Quiz #2: Defining Words in Context - Practice in Using Context Clues
Like Vocabulary Quiz #1, this quiz is based on selections from our Scrapbook of Styles. The quiz will help you build your vocabulary by using context clues to determine the meanings of unfamiliar words.

Vocabulary Quiz #2: Answers to the Quiz - Practice in Using Context Clues
On this page you'll find the answers to Vocabulary Quiz #2: Defining Words in Context. Page 2.

Sir Hornbook, by Thomas Love Peacock - A Grammatical Ballad
Thomas Love Peacock's mock-heroic ballad

Sir Hornbook, by Thomas Love Peacock (page two) - A Grammatical Ballad
Thomas Love Peacock's mock-heroic ballad

Jonathan Swift on Style - Keeping It Simple
Widely regarded as one of the finest prose stylists in English, Jonathan Swift once defined style as

5 Quick Tips on How to Write Faster - Advice From Terry Smith on Speeding Up the Writing Process
Long before the arrival of laptops and iPads, Terry C. Smith offered these five tips on how to speed up the writing process.

George Carlin on Finding Something to Write About
Unless students are assigned a specific topic, they often complain that they don't have anything to write about. To that George Carlin would say,

Practical Writing Advice From Roy Peter Clark - Ten Keepsakes for Writers
Roy Peter Clark, the author of

Thank God for Deadlines: How Writers Get Their Work Done
Is it unfair or unrealistic to impose deadlines on student writers? Or do deadlines serve to motivate students--leading them inexorably to the final, necessary step in the writing process: finishing?

Hard-Headed Advice for Aspiring Writers
If you're a promising young writer looking for words of praise, comfort, and encouragement, you'll have to look elsewhere. These writers mean business.

eristic (rhetoric) - definition and examples
In rhetoric, an eristic is a contentious type of argument in which defeating an opponent is considered more important than examining an issue and discovering the truth.

Holistic Grading - Definition and Examples
Holistic grading is a method of evaluating a composition based on its overall quality.

archetype - definition and examples
An archetype is a basic model or mode of thinking that gives rise to recurring plot patterns, character types, or images.

Logograph - Definition and Examples
A letter, symbol, or sign used to represent a word or phrase.

Ideogram: Definition and Examples (English Grammar)
An ideogram is a graphic symbol that represents a thing or an idea without expressing a specific word.

icon - definition and examples of icons
Multiple definitions and examples of the term

Portentous and Pretentious: Answers to Practice Exercises
The commonly confused words portentous and pretentious: answers to practice exercises. Page 2.

Portentous and Pretentious - Commonly Confused Words
The commonly confused words portentous and pretentious: definitions, examples, usage notes, and practice exercises.

hyperlect - definition and examples in language
Hyperlect is a linguistic term for talking posh--a distinctively upper-class way of speaking in Britain.

Orthoepy - Definition and Examples
Orthoepy is the customary or

epexegesis - rhetorical terms - definition and examples
The rhetorical term epexegesis means adding words or phrases to further clarify or specify a statement already made. Also called epergesis.

Colemanballs - Definition and Examples of Verbal Gaffes
Colemanballs is an informal term in British English for humorous or absurd verbal gaffes, particularly those uttered by sports and news announcers.

gnomic present - definition and examples in English
The gnomic present is the use of a verb in the present tense to express a general truth without reference to time.

10 Classical Rhetorical Strategies for Contemporary Speakers and Writers
In both speech and writing, you'll find that these 10 classical rhetorical strategies can be just as powerful and effective today as they were 2,500 years ago.

Cue and Queue - Commonly Confused Words
The commonly confused words cue and queue: answers to practice exercises. Page 2.

Cue and Queue - Commonly Confused Words
Learn the difference between the homophones

Remedial Reading by Richard Rodriguez - Scrapbook of Styles
In his autobiography

Why Do We Use Euphemisms?
Euphemisms can be as complicated as the people who use them. They may serve as words of comfort or words of deceit.

principle of effability - definition and examples
The principle that any thought a person can have

Submodifier - Definition and Examples in English Grammar
A submodifier is an adverb used in front of an adjective to heighten its meaning.

The Case of the Missing Italics
Find out why American newspapers avoid using italics.

Lexicalization - Definition and Examples
Lexicalization is the process of making a word to express a concept.

Evaluation of a Student Progress Report (Group Project)
Three weeks after submitting their proposal for a class project, a team of three students turned in this draft of a progress report. Read this sample report, and then respond to the questions at the bottom of the page.

Beginning of Critical Thinking (page 2) - A Classic Essay by James Harvey Robinson


Beginning of Critical Thinking - A Classic Essay by James Harvey Robinson


Pro-Form - Definition and Examples in English Grammar
A pro-form is a word or phrase that can take the place of another word or word group in a sentence.

Vocabulary Quiz: Defining Words With Context Clues
This vocabulary quiz is based on selections from our Scrapbook of Styles. The quiz will help you build your vocabulary by using context clues to determine the meanings of unfamiliar words.

Vocabulary Quiz #1: Answers to the Quiz - Practice in Using Context Clues
On this page you'll find the answers to Vocabulary Quiz #1: Defining Words in Context. Page 2.

Saul Bellow - Passage from "The Distracted Public"
The subject of Saul Bellow's Romanes Lecture,

Jeremiad - Definition and Examples of Literary Devices
A jeremiad is a speech or literary work expressing a bitter lament or a righteous prophecy of doom.

Climax (Narrative) - Definition and Examples
In a narrative, the turning point in the action and/or the highest point of interest or excitement.

Metalepsis Definition and Examples in Grammar
(1) A figure of speech, such as metaphor or metonymy, in which one thing is referred to by something else that is only remotely associated with it. (2) In narratology, a paradoxical transgression of the boundaries between narrative levels or logically distinct worlds.

The Modern Essay, by Virginia Woolf
Here, assuming the guise of the common reader, Virginia Woolf offers

The Modern Essay, by Virginia Woolf (page two) - Classic British Essays
Here, assuming the guise of the common reader, Virginia Woolf offers

The Modern Essay, by Virginia Woolf (page three) - Classic British Essays
Here, assuming the guise of the common reader, Virginia Woolf offers

The Modern Essay, by Virginia Woolf (page four) - Classic British Essays
Here, assuming the guise of the common reader, Virginia Woolf offers

The Modern Essay, by Virginia Woolf (page five) - Classic British Essays
Here, assuming the guise of the common reader, Virginia Woolf offers

Exercise in Writing With Specific Details
Specific details create word pictures that can make your writing easier to understand and more interesting to read. This exercise will give you practice in revising sentences to make them more concrete and specific.

How to Write an Instructional Outline
Before writing a set of instructions or a process-analysis essay, you may find it helpful to draft a simple instructional outline. Here we'll look at the basic parts of an instructional outline and then examine a sample,

Collage Essay - Definition & Examples of Writing Formats
In composition studies, a discontinuous essay form made up of discrete bits of discourse--description, dialogue, narrative, explanation, and the like.

Standard British English Definition and Examples
The variety of the English language that is generally used in professional writing in Britain (or, more narrowly defined, in England or in southeast England) and taught in British schools.

What Is Term of Address? - Definition and Examples
A word, phrase, name, or title (or some combination of these) used in addressing someone.

Nonrestrictive Element - Definition and Examples
A word, phrase, or clause that provides added (though not essential) information to a sentence but does not limit or restrict the element it modifies.

Mental (Competence) Grammar Definition
The generative grammar stored in the brain that allows a speaker to produce language that other speakers can understand.

Why the Adverb Is Not Our Friend
Without a doubt, the adverb is both the poor stepchild and the Rodney Dangerfield of the parts of speech, enduring the scorn of writers and critics alike.

Aphasia - Definition and Examples
Partial or total loss of the ability to articulate ideas or comprehend spoken or written language, resulting from damage to the brain caused by injury or disease.

Reading Quiz: "Two Ways of Seeing a River," by Mark Twain
A multiple-choice comprehension quiz on this excerpt from Twain's autobiography.

Sample Topic Number Five for the SAT Writing Test - Sample Topic on Sex Education in Schools - SAT Essay Prompts
Sample SAT topic number five concerns the effectiveness of courses in sexuality education in schools.

Grammar Checker: Definition and Examples
A computer application that identifies possible usage errors or stylistic infelicities in a text.

What Is a Review (Composition)?
An article that presents a critical evaluation of a text, performance, or production.

Making a Simple Outline for a Cause & Effect Paragraph
Here we'll practice making a simple outline: a list of the key points in a paragraph or essay. This basic outline can help us revise a composition by showing at a glance if we need to add, remove, change, or rearrange any supporting details.

Practice in Making a Simple Outline for a Cause & Effect Paragraph(page two) - Using Outlines to Revise Paragraphs and Essays - Outlining Exercise
Simple Outline for