Grammar & Composition Sitemap - Page 11 2016-09-26

Repartee: Definition, Examples and Observations
A quick, witty reply or an exchange of witty remarks.

Theoretical Grammar - Definition and Examples
Theoretical grammar is the study of the essential components of any human language.

English and Latin Abbreviations in Scholarly Research
This list contains some of the common abbreviations found in scholarly documentation--that is, in footnotes, parenthetical notes, glossary entries, and bibliographic references in research papers, articles, and books.

Rhetorical Stance - Definition and Examples
The role or behavior of a speaker or writer in relation to his or her subject, audience, and persona (or voice).

Antiphrasis - Definition and Examples
A figure of speech in which a word or phrase is used in a sense contrary to its conventional meaning for ironic or humorous effect; verbal irony.

Critical Essay Topic - Shirley Jackson's "The Lottery"
Consider Shirley Jackson's comment on her purpose in writing the short story

Constance Weaver's 12 Principles for Teaching Grammar
Based on sound research and extensive road testing, Weaver's book views grammar as a positive activity for making meaning.

Practice in Identifying Metaphors
This exercise will give you practice in identifying the elements that make up a metaphor.

Proofreading for Errors in Subject-Verb Agreement
These two proofreading exercises will give you practice in applying the rules of subject-verb agreement.

Proofreading for Errors in Subject-Verb Agreement - Practice in Proofreading - Correcting Subject-Verb Agreement Errors - Answers to Exercises
These two proofreading exercises will give you practice in applying the rules of subject-verb agreement. On this page you will find the answers to the proofreading exercises. Page 2.

Definition and Examples of Language-Style Matching
In conversation, texting, emailing, and other forms of interactive communication, the tendency of participants to use a common vocabulary and similar sentence structures.

Definition and Examples of Symbolic Action
A term used by 20th-century rhetorician Kenneth Burke to refer in general to systems of communication that rely on symbols.

Legend - Definition and Examples of Legends
A narrative handed down from the past to explain an event, transmit a lesson, or simply entertain an audience.

Sophists - Definition and Observations
Professional teachers of rhetoric (as well as many other subjects) in ancient Greece.

Agent (Grammar) - Definition and Examples
The person or thing that performs an action in a sentence.

Problem-Solving Essay Topic - Balancing Responsibilities
Many of today's college students face the challenge of balancing multiple responsibilities and demands on their time. This topic invites you to propose a solution to the problem of conflicting responsibilities.

Graphics in Business Writing, Technical Communication
In business writing and technical communication, visual representations used to support the text in a report, proposal, set of instructions, or similar document.

What Is Wrong With Our System of Education? (G.B. Shaw)
A severe critic of secondary education, Shaw argues that school should be purely voluntary and conducted only by charitable organizations.

What Is Wrong With Our System of Education? by George Bernard Shaw (page two) - Classic British Essays - Essays on Teaching and Learning
A severe critic of secondary education, Shaw argues that school should be purely voluntary and conducted only by charitable organizations. Page 2.

"What"-Clause - Definition and Examples
A type of noun clause (or a free relative clause) that begins with the word what.

Building Sentences With Adverb Clauses (Part Two)
Here we'll consider ways of arranging, punctuating, and revising sentences with adverb clauses.

Building Sentences with Adverb Clauses (part two) - Basic Sentence Structures - Adverb Clauses
Here we'll consider ways of arranging, punctuating, and revising sentences with adverb clauses. Page 2.

Forensic Linguistics - Definition and Examples
The application of linguistic research and methods to the law, including evaluation of written evidence and the language of legislation.

Revision Exercise: Developing a Place Description
In this exercise, we consider ways of revising a paragraph that was drafted in response to the guidelines in

Paragraph Revision Exercise (page two) - Practice in Developing and Focusing a Place Description - Adding Specific Details
In this exercise, we consider ways of revising a paragraph that was drafted in response to the guidelines in

South African English - Definition and Examples
The varieties of the English language that are used in South Africa.

Paragraph Revision Exercise (page three) - Practice in Developing and Focusing a Place Description - Adding Specific Details
This descriptive paragraph,

Narrative Essay Revision and Editing Checklist
After you have completed one or more drafts of your narrative essay, use the following checklist as a revision and editing guide to prepare the final version of your composition.

Linguistic Anthropology Definition and Examples
The interdisciplinary study of the role of languages in the social lives of individuals and communities.

The Lexical Approach in Language Teaching
In language teaching, a set of principles based on the observation that an understanding of words and word combinations is an essential part of learning a language.

How to Write 2,500 Words Before Breakfast Every Day
In this passage from his autobiography, Anthony Trollope explains how his strict writing habits allowed him to write 47 novels, along with numerous plays, travel books, biographies, essays, and short stories.

Lexical Set Definition and Examples
A group of words that share a specific form or meaning.

Three Review Exercises in Subject-Verb Agreement
These three review exercises will give you practice in applying the rules of subject-verb agreement.

The Great Gatsby - Passages for Rhetorical Analysis
Nick Carraway, the narrator of F. Scott Fitzgerald's novel

Examples of the Rhetorical Strategy of Aporia
As defined in our glossary, aporia is a figure of speech in which the speaker expresses real or simulated doubt or perplexity.

Jussive Clauses Definition and Examples
A type of clause (or a form of a verb) that expresses an order or command.

Exordium - Definition and Examples
In classical rhetoric, the introductory part of an argument in which a speaker or writer establishes credibility (ethos) and announces the subject and purpose of the discourse.

What Is Rhetorical Move? - Definition and Examples
(1) A general term for any strategy employed by a rhetor to advance an argument. (2) In genre studies, a term introduced by linguist John M. Swales to describe a particular rhetorical or linguistic pattern, stage, or structure conventionally found in a text or in a segment of a text.

Initial - Definition and Examples
The first letter of a word or name or of each word in a phrase.

Pastiche in English Prose - Definition and Examples
A text that borrows or imitates the style, words, or ideas of other writers.

Pleonasm Definition and Examples in English
In English, read the definition of pleonasm.

Vocabulary Acquisition Definition and Examples
read the definition of vocabulary acquisition here.

Strikethrough - Definition and Examples
A horizontal line drawn through text.

proportional clause (grammar) - definition and examples
A proportional clause is one of a pair of clauses expressing a comparison. A number of proverbs and aphorisms are structured as proportional clauses: e.g.,

Reading Quiz on "Salvation" by Langston Hughes
A multiple-choice reading quiz on Langston Hughes's essay

Answers to the Reading Quiz on "Salvation" by Langston Hughes - A Multiple-Choice Review Quiz
A multiple-choice reading quiz on Langston Hughes's essay

Nature Writing - Definition and Examples
An overview of nature writing, a form of creative nonfiction in which the natural environment serves as the dominant subject.

Sentence Building Exercise - Adjectives and Adverbs
In this exercise we will apply the basic strategies outlined in Introduction to Sentence Combining.

Sentence Negation - Definition and Examples
A type of negation that affects the meaning of an entire main clause.

14 Sound Similes - Evaluating Figurative Comparisons
Drawn from recently published works of fiction and nonfiction, these 14 similes about sounds should help you determine your taste in figurative language.

Passage from "The Big Sea" by Langston Hughes
n the following passage from his autobiography, The Big Sea, Hughes describes how Harlem became a tourist destination for white New Yorkers during the 1920s.

Proofreading Practice: Homonyms and Homophones
Practice in proofreading the work of others can help us become more aware of our own occasional slip-ups. This exercise offers practice in distinguishing some of those troublesome words that closely resemble other words--homonyms and homophones.

Identifying and Correcting Subject-Verb Agreement Errors - Sentence Diagnostic Test #3
This exercise will give you practice in identifying and correcting errors in subject-verb agreement.

Identifying and Correcting Subject-Verb Agreement Errors - Answers to Sentence Diagnostic Test #3
Here you will find the answers to the exercise on page one: Identifying and Correcting Subject-Verb Agreement Errors. Page 2.

Practice in Using Apostrophes Correctly - A Multiple-Choice Apostrophe Quiz
This multiple-choice quiz will give you practice in applying the principles introduced in the article Using Apostrophes Correctly.

Practice in Using Apostrophes Correctly - Answers to the Multiple-Choice Quiz
Here are the answers to the multiple-choice quiz on page one: Practice in Using Apostrophes Correctly. Page 2.

Punctuation Practice - Adding Apostrophes - Exercise in Using Apostrophes Correctly
This exercise will give you practice in applying the principles introduced in Guidelines for Using Apostrophes Correctly.

Punctuation Practice - Adding Apostrophes - page two - Answers to Exercises in Using Apostrophes Correctly
This exercise will give you practice in applying the principles introduced in Guidelines for Using Apostrophes Correctly. Page 2.

Review Exercise: Adding Commas to a Paragraph II - Punctuation Review - Frederick Douglass
Insert commas wherever you think they belong in the paragraph

Review Exercise: Adding Commas to a Paragraph II (page two) - Punctuation Review - Frederick Douglass
Insert commas wherever you think they belong in the paragraph

Adding Commas to a Paragraph - Review Exercise
This exercise offers practice in applying the rules for using commas effectively. Insert commas wherever you think they belong in the paragraph

Answers to the Exercise in Punctuating Nonrestrictive Elements - Adding Commas to Set Off Nonrestrictive Phrases and Clauses
As a general rule, nonrestrictive words, phrases, and clauses are set off with commas. Test your punctuation prowess by completing this short exercise. Compare your answers to those on this page. Page 2.

The Comma Quiz - Applying the Guidelines for Using Commas Effectively
This quiz will give you practice in applying the Guidelines for Using Commas Effectively.

Answers to the Comma Quiz - Applying the Guidelines for Using Commas Effectively
On this page you will find the answers to the Comma Quiz on page one. Page 2.

Exercise in Punctuating Nonrestrictive Elements - Adding Commas to Set Off Nonrestrictive Phrases and Clauses
As a general rule, nonrestrictive words, phrases, and clauses are set off with commas. Test your punctuation prowess by completing this short exercise.

Quiz on Commonly Confused Figures of Speech - Figurative Language Review Quiz
Once you've mastered the Top 20 Figures of Speech, you're ready to begin learning some of the other figures in our Tool Kit for Rhetorical Analysis. But keeping the terms straight can be a bit tricky.This review quiz should help you to remember and distinguish the names of some of the less well-known but still important figures of speech.

Quiz on Commonly Confused Figures of Speech - Figurative Language Review Quiz - Answers to the quiz
Once you've mastered the Top 20 Figures of Speech, you're ready to begin learning some of the other figures in our Tool Kit for Rhetorical Analysis. But keeping the terms straight can be a bit tricky.This review quiz should help you to remember and distinguish the names of some of the less well-known but still important figures of speech. Page 2.

Vocabulary Quiz on "Once More to the Lake" by E.B. White (page two) - Answers to the Quiz
This multiple-choice quiz should help you build your vocabulary by using context clues to determine the meanings of E.B. White's words in the essay

Vocabulary Quiz on "Once More to the Lake" by E.B. White
This multiple-choice quiz should help you build your vocabulary by using context clues to determine the meanings of E.B. White's words in the essay

Combining Sentences With the Correct Words - Exercise in Sentence Combining With Commonly Confused Words
Our Glossary of Usage contains more than 150 sets of commonly confused words. To test your familiarity with some of these confusables, complete the following two-step exercise.

Combining Sentences With the Correct Words - Exercise in Sentence Combining With Commonly Confused Words
The following sentences served as models for the combining exercises on page one. Page 2.

Answers to the Christopher Morley Vocabulary Quiz - Practice in Using Context Clues
Here are the answers to the Christopher Morley Vocabulary Quiz. Page 2.

The Christopher Morley Vocabulary Quiz - Practice in Using Context Clues
The words used in this 10-item vocabulary quiz have been drawn from six familiar essays by Christopher Morley.

The P.G. Wodehouse Vocabulary Quiz - Using Context Clues
This multiple-choice quiz will help you build your vocabulary by determining the meanings of P.G. Wodehouse's words in the context of his comic novel

The P.G. Wodehouse Vocabulary Quiz - Using Context Clues
This multiple-choice quiz will give you practice in determining the meanings of P.G. Wodehouse's words from their context.

Reading Quiz on "The Hills of Zion" by H. L. Mencken - A Multiple-Choice Reading Comprehension Quiz
In 1925, H. L. Mencken traveled to Dayton, Tennessee to report on the Scopes

Answers to a Reading Quiz on "The Hills of Zion" by H. L. Mencken - A Multiple-Choice Reading Comprehension Quiz
In 1925, H. L. Mencken traveled to Dayton, Tennessee to report on the Scopes

Reading Quiz on "The Ring of Time" by E. B. White - A Multiple-Choice Review Quiz
A multiple-choice review quiz on E. B. White's classic essay

Answers to the Reading Quiz on "The Ring of Time" by E. B. White - A Multiple-Choice Review Quiz
Here are the answers to the multiple-choice review quiz on E. B. White's classic essay

Sentence Combining Exercise: Ernie Munger's Run - An Advanced Exercise in Combining Sentences and Building Paragraphs
Adapted from two paragraphs in the novel

Sentence Combining Exercise: Ernie Munger's Run - Original Paragraphs From Leonard Gardner's "Fat City"
Adapted from two paragraphs in the novel

Building and Revising Sentences with Appositives - Exercise in Building and Revising Sentences with Appositives - Answers to Exercises
An appositive is a word or group of words that concisely identifies or renames another word in a sentence. On this page you'll find answers to the exercise on Building and Revising Sentences with Appositives. Page 2.

Building and Revising Sentences with Appositives - Exercise in Building and Revising Sentences with Appositives
An appositive is a word or group of words that concisely identifies or renames another word in a sentence. The exercises on this page offer practice in building and revising sentences with appositives.

Sentence Building with Adjective Clauses
Now we're ready to practice building and combining sentences with adjective clauses.

Review Exercises: Subject-Verb Agreement (page two) - Three Exercises in Subject-Verb Agreement
These three review exercises will give you practice in applying the rules of subject-verb agreement. Page 2.

Exercise: Recasting a Paragraph in the Future Tense
This exercise will give you practice in working with verb tenses: in this case, changing the past forms of verbs to the future.

Review Exercise - Basic Subject-Verb Agreement - Correct Verb Forms
If you have studied the guidelines for

Exercise in Expanding Sentences With Appositives - Sentence Expanding Exercise - Appositives
This exercise will give you practice in building and expanding sentences with appositives--noun phrases that identify or rename other noun phrases.

Expanding Sentences With Prepositional Phrases
This exercise will give you practice in adding and arranging prepositional phrases in sentences.

Exercise in Revising Descriptive Sentences
This revision exercise will give you practice in writing with specific descriptive details.

Exercise in Revising Descriptive Sentences - Practice in Writing With Specific Details - Sample Answers to Revision Exercise
The answers to this exercise are limited only by your imagination. After completing the exercise on page one, read aloud these revised sentences by the student author, and compare them with your own. Page 2.

Proofreading Practice: Commonly Confused Words - Recognizing Homonyms and Homophones - Bill Bryson's Cows - Distinguishing Confusables
This exercise offers practice in distinguishing some of those troublesome words that closely resemble other words--homonyms and homophones. On this page you'll find the correct versions of the paragraphs you worked with on page one. Page 2.

Australian English (AusE) - Definition and Examples
Australian English is a variety of the English language that is used in Australia.

Efinition and Examples of a Fortiori
An argument in which a rhetor reaches a conclusion by first setting up two possibilities, one of which is more probable than the other. Whatever can be affirmed about the less probable can be affirmed with even greater force about the more probable.

Signifying Definition and Examples in English
A combination of rhetorical strategies employed in African-American Vernacular English--in particular, the use of irony and indirection to express ideas and opinions.

Conclusion (Argument) - Definition and Examples
The proposition that follows logically from the major and minor premises in a syllogism.

Thank You Note Definition and Writing Tips
A thank-you note is a type of correspondence in which the writer expresses gratitude for a gift, service, or opportunity.

Sentence Combining With Basic Modifiers
This descriptive paragraph--a student's sketch of his school principal--served as the model for the exercise

Mark Twain's Colloquial Prose Style
In this excerpt from his essay on

The Write Attitude and Your Writing Goals
Do you want to improve your skills as a writer--or have you just been told (probably by a teacher) that you must improve your writing skills? Here we consider how our attitudes toward writing can help or hinder our development as writers.

Commonly Confused Words - Suit Versus Suite
Examples of three commonly confused nouns.

Suit, Suite, and Sweet - Commonly Confused Words - Answers to Practice Exercises
As a noun,

Catachresis - Definition and Examples in Grammar
The inappropriate use of one word for another, or an extreme, strained, or mixed metaphor, often used deliberately.

Definition and Examples of T-Units in Linguistics
In linguistics, a main clause plus any subordinate clauses that may be attached to it.

Review Exercise: Adding Commas to a Paragraph (page two) - Punctuation Review - The Least Successful Car
This exercise offers practice in applying the rules for using commas effectively. Here is the paragraph that served as the model for the exercise on page one. Commas are bracketed in bold to help you spot them. Page 2.

A Chapter on Ears, by Charles Lamb - Classic British Essays
The popular essay

Stipulative Definition (What Is a Humpty Dumpty Word?)
A definition that assigns meaning to a word, sometimes without regard for common usage.

Notes on the Definite Article - Language Notes
In this edition of Language Notes, we look at (and listen to) the most commonly used word in English--formally known as the definite article.

Answers to the Quick Quiz on Confusables: Creative Nonfiction Edition
On this page you'll find the answers to the Quick Quiz on Confusables: Creative Nonfiction Edition. Page 2.

Quick Quiz on Confusables: Creative Nonfiction Edition
This quick quiz (based on sentences drawn from works of creative nonfiction) will test your familiarity with 10 pairs of confusables--words that are frequently mixed up because they look and sound alike.

Time for an Anthem the Country Can Sing - Revising an Argumentative Essay
This argumentative essay is a revised version of the draft titled

A Draft Argumentative Essay - Time for a New National Anthem
This draft was composed according to the guidelines in

Writing Styles and Figures of Speech Resources Index
Style and rhetoric are ancient arts--of persuasion, expression, and effective communication--that are just as valuable to writers today as they were to students in ancient Greece and Rome.

Language Arts Definitions and Examples
The subjects taught in elementary and secondary schools that aim at developing students' communication skills.

Expanding Sentences With Prepositional Phrases - Sample Answers - Sentence-Expanding Exercises
This exercise will give you practice in adding and arranging prepositional phrases in sentences. On this page you will find sample answers to the exercise on page one. Page 2.

Sentence Building with Adjective Clauses - Sentence Combining Exercises - Sample Combinations Adjective Clause
Now we're ready to practice building and combining sentences with adjective clauses. Page 2.

Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis - Definition and Examples
The linguistic theory that the semantic structure of a language shapes or limits the ways in which a speaker forms conceptions of the world.

2007 Blog Archive for Grammar & Composition - Past Blogs on English Grammar at About.com
Essay exams, participial phrases, Bushisms, quote abuse, Mark Twain, spell checkers, Pink Floyd, wild apostrophes, lost hyphens, Monty Python, sprezzatura, Homer Simpson, and more: a roundup of blogs from Grammar & Composition in 2007.

2014 Blog Archive for Grammar & Composition - Notes on the English Language
Appearing every Monday, Wednesday, and Friday since 2006, the Grammar & Composition blog at About.com covers a wide variety of topics related to the English language. This archive contains links to posts that appeared in 2014.

2008 Blog Archive for Grammar & Composition - Blogs from About.com Grammar & Composition
Bailouts, mavericks, irony deficiency, Dr. Seuss, chiasmus, annoying words, Golden Bulls, eponyms, George Carlin, apostroflies, Stephen King, family slang, and more: a roundup of blogs from Grammar & Composition in 2008.

2009 Blog Archive for Grammar & Composition - Blogs from About.com Grammar & Composition
Ghost words, demonyms, eponyms, Humpty Dumpty's verbs, Obama's rhetoric, the bugbear style, double genitives, spelling reform, Larry David's verb tenses, Stephen Colbert's metaphors, and much more: a roundup of blog posts from Grammar & Composition in 2009.

Building Sentences With Adverb Clauses
Here we will practice building sentences with adverb clauses. Like an adjective clause, an adverb clause is always dependent on (or subordinate to) an independent clause.

Building Sentences with Adverb Clauses - Basic Sentence Structures - Adverb Clauses - Sentence Combining
Here we will practice building sentences with adverb clauses. Like an adjective clause, an adverb clause is always dependent on (or subordinate to) an independent clause. Page 2.

logic - definition and observations
The study of the principles of reasoning.

data - definition and examples of data in argument
In the Toulmin model of argument, the evidence or specific information that supports a claim.

The Futility of Spelling Reform - Mark Twain, Andrew Carnegie, and the Rotten English Alphabet
Mark Twain had little respect for what he called our

Censor, Censure, and Sensor - Commonly Confused Words
The commonly confused words

Censor, Censure, and Sensor - Answers to Practice Exercises
The commonly confused words

transitivity - definition and examples on transitivity in English grammar
In the broadest sense, a method of classifying verbs and clauses with reference to the relationship of the verb to other structural elements.

valency - definition and examples of linguistic valency in English grammar
The number and type of connections that syntactic elements can form with one other in a sentence.

Vocal Fry (Or Glottal Fry) - Definition and Examples
In speech, a low, scratchy sound that occupies the vocal range below modal voice (the most commonly used vocal register in speech and singing).

Attic - definition and discussions of Attic rhetoric and style
Brief, witty, sometimes epigrammatic style--opposite of the ornate Asiatic style.

Essay Sampler - Models of Good Writing (Part 5) - 12 Essays for Freshman Composition - Works by Ben Franklin, James Weldon Johnson, and Stephen King
Our fifth and final essay collection includes classic pieces by Benjamin Franklin and Virginia Woolf alongside works by such contemporary writers as Steve Martin and Stephen King.

Words & Sentences - Grammar & Composition Resources
Practice different strategies for building forceful sentences while using words correctly, effectively, and imaginatively.

invariant "be" - definition and examples of invariant "be" in dialects of English
A verb form characteristic of African-American Vernacular English (AAVE) that is used to indicate a habitual and repeatable action.

gongorism - definition and examples of gongorism
Gongorism is a wordy and highly ornate style of writing, typically characterized by puns, paradoxes, obscure allusions, and archaic diction.

denominal noun - definition and examples of denominal nouns
A noun that is formed from another noun, often by adding a suffix.

first-sister principle - definition and examples of the first-sister principle in English
In compounding, the principle that the

paradiastole - definition and examples of paradiastole
Paradiastole is a rhetorical term for a kind of euphemism in which something usually thought of as a vice is treated as a virtue, or vice versa.

procatalepsis - definition and examples of procatalepsis in rhetoric
Procatalepsis is a rhetorical strategy by which a speaker or writer anticipates and responds to an opponent's objections.

linguistic complaint - definition and examples of the tradition of linguistic complaint in English
Expressions of concern regarding the perceived decline of a language.

lexical diffusion - definition and examples of lexical diffusion in historical linguistics
In historical linguistics, lexical diffusion refers to the spread of sound changes through the lexicon of a language.

lexical competence - definition and examples of lexical competence in English
The ability to produce and understand the words of a language.

synchoresis - definition and examples of synchoresis - rhetorical terms
Synchoresis is a rhetorical term for a type of concession made to create an impression of fairness and impartiality.

speech-act adverb - definition and examples of speech act adverbs, illocutionary adverbs, pragmatic adverbshttp://0.tqn.com/f/tls/menu_preview.gif
An adverb (such as

sausage machine model - definition and examples of the sausage machine model in psycholinguistics
A sentence parsing scheme that is made up of two stages.

Stoic grammar - definitions and examples of Stoic grammar
Studies in language conducted by Greek and Roman philosophers associated with the school of Stoicism.

recitation - definition and examples of recitation in rhetoric
The spoken delivery of prose or verse (usually memorized) in front of an audience.

Swenglish - definition and examples of Swenglish
An informal term for a variety of English that has been influenced by features of the Swedish language (including pronunciation, vocabulary, and syntax).

rhetorical punctuation - definition and examples of rhetorical or elocutionary punctuation
Rhetorical punctuation (also known as elocutionary punctuation) is a system of punctuation intended to help people read a text aloud or hear how it is supposed to sound.

phrasal coordination - definition and examples of phrasal coordination in English grammar
Definitions, examples, and discussions of phrasal coordination in English.

praxis - definition and examples of praxis in rhetoric
In classical rhetoric, the realm of human action--in particular, the practice or application of rhetoric, the art of civic discourse.

presentational construction - definition and examples of presentational constructions in English
In grammar, a type of subject-verb inversion in which a subject is introduced (or

positive "anymore" - definition and examples of positive "anymore"
The dialectal use of

foreignism - definition and examples of foreignisms
In linguistics, a word or expression that has been imported from another language to serve a special semantic function.

formulaic subjunctive - definition and examples of formulaic subjunctives in English
A set expression in the subjunctive mood (such as

horismus - definition and examples of horismus in rhetoric and logic
In rhetoric and logic, horismus is a brief definition, especially one that makes distinctions between related terms.

Lady Rhetoric - Definition and Examples of Lady Rhetoric
In the Middle Ages, the allegorical representation of the art of rhetoric.

lemma - definition and examples of lemmas in morphology and lexicography
In morphology and lexicology, the form of a word that appears at the beginning of a dictionary or glossary entry.

intonation contour - definition and examples of intonation contours in English
In speech, a distinctive pattern of pitches, tones, or stresses in an utterance.

logology - definition and examples of logology, word play, and recreational linguistics
Here you'll find definitions, examples, and explanations of logology in English.

linguistic typology - definition and examples of linguistic typology
The analysis, comparison, and classification of languages according to their common structural features and forms.

My Home of Yesteryear - Descriptive Essay
In this descriptive essay, student Mary White imaginatively recreates her childhood home in the country.

Process Analysis in Joseph Heller's "Catch-22" - Scrapbook of Styles - Yossarian Censors Letters
In these two paragraphs from the opening chapter of

Sentence Variety in "Diogenes," by Gilbert Highet - Passages for Rhetorical Analysis - "Diogenes and Alexander"
Gilbert Highet offers a memorable sketch of the

Appetite, by Laurie Lee - Scrapbook of Styles - Then and Now Comparison and Contrast
In this excerpt from his essay

Metaphors and Comparisons in Porter's "The Necessary Enemy" - Scrapbook of Styles - "The Necesssary Enemy" by Katherine Anne Porter
In this excerpt from the essay

Sentence Combining #2: "New York Is a City of Things Unnoticed" - Practice in Combining Sentences and Building Paragraphs
If you have read our Introduction to Sentence Combining, you're now ready to try your hand at combining sentences to form a complete paragraph--an excerpt from the Gay Talese essay

Sentence Combining #2: "New York Is a City of Things Unnoticed" (page two) - Practice in Combining Sentences and Building Paragraphs
If you have read our introduction to sentence combining, you're now ready to try your hand at combining sentences to form a complete paragraph--an excerpt from the Gay Talese essay

24 Words Worth Borrowing From Other Languages - Testing the Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis
These 24 imported words and phrases may not

Writers on Words - Twenty Favorite Quotations About Words
Over the centuries writers have often reflected on the nature and value of words--their hazards and pleasures, limitations and possibilities. Here are 20 of those reflections.

wanna construction - definition and examples of wanna contractions
A linguistic phenomenon involving the contracted form of

word lengthening - definition and examples of word lengthening
In speech, extending or prolonging the sound of a word.

pro-verb - definition and examples of pro-verbs in English
In grammar, a type of substitution in which a verb or verb phrase (such as

VP deletion - definition and examples of verb phrase deletion in English
The omission of a verb phrase (VP) that is identical to a verb phrase in a nearby clause or sentence.

Notes on Coordinating Conjunctions in English - The Big Three Coordinators: "And," "But," and "Or"
In this edition of Language Notes, we turn our attention to coordinating conjunctions: short grammatical words connecting words, phrases, or clauses that are roughly equal in form and function.

Lexical Integrity - definition and examples of Lexical Integrity in English
In morphology, the principle that syntactic rules cannot move, modify, or delete the parts of a complex word.

Tips, Topics, and Exercises for Week One of English 101 - Guides for Students and Instructors
Instructors as well as students should find something useful in this collection of tips, topics, and exercises for the first week of English 101.

Practice in Identifying Sentences by Function - An Identification Exercise
This exercise will give you practice in identifying four types of sentences: declarative, interrogative, imperative, and exclamatory.

Practice in Identifying Sentences by Function - Answers to the Identification Exercise
On this page you'll find the answers to the exercise on page one: Practice in Identifying Sentences by Function. Page 2.

Practice in Identifying Count Nouns and Mass Nouns - An Identification Exercise
A count noun usually has different singular and plural forms, while a mass noun (also called a noncount noun) usually has only a singular form. This exercise will give you practice in identifying count nouns and mass nouns in sentences.

Practice in Identifying Count Nouns and Mass Nouns - Answers to the Identification Exercise
On this page you'll find the answers to the exercise

New Punctuation Marks: What's the Point? - Interrobangs, Sarcasm Points, and Pomma Points
While some people are hell-bent on eliminating certain marks of punctuation, others are promoting brand new ones--such as the interrobang, the sarcasm point, and the pomma point.

Identifying Run-On Sentences - Sentence Diagnostic Test #2
This exercise will give you practice in identifying and correcting comma splices and fused sentences.

Identifying Run-On Sentences: Answers to the Exercises - Sentence Diagnostic Test #2
On this page you will find suggested answers to the exercise on page one: Identifying Run-On Sentences. Page 2.

Revision and Editing Checklist for a Critical Essay - Writing About Fiction, Poetry, and Plays
When it comes time to revise and edit the next-to-final draft of a critical essay, this checklist should serve as a helpful guide.

Eight Quick Tips for Writing Under Pressure
Both in college and beyond, most writing is done under pressure. To avoid feeling overwhelmed by a writing task, consider these eight strategies.

A National Grammar Day Grammar Quiz
To mark National Grammar Day on March 4, we offer this short quiz on English grammar--not usage or prescriptive grammar, but what David Crystal calls

A National Grammar Day Grammar Quiz - Answers to the Quiz
Here are the answers to the National Grammar Day Grammar Quiz on page one. Page 2.

Exercise in Identifying Transitional Expressions
In this exercise, you will practice identifying transitional expressions.

Exercise in Identifying Transitional Expressions - Answers to the Exercise
Here are the answers to the Exercise in Identifying Transitional Expressions. Page 2.

Exercise in Organizing a Process Analysis Essay - Practice in Reconstructing a Coherent and Cohesive Essay
This exercise, based on a student's process-analysis essay on bathing a cat, will give you practice in organizing a clear, coherent, and cohesive composition of approximately 500 words.

Practice in Identifying Conjunctions - Grammar Exercise - Coordinating and Correlative Conjunctions
This exercise will give you practice in identifying coordinating conjunctions and correlative conjunction--words that serve to connect words, phrases, clauses, and sentences.

Practice in Identifying Conjunctions - Answers to the Grammar Exercise
On this page you'll find the answers to the exercise on page one: Practice in Identifying Coordinating and Correlative Conjunctions. Page 2.

Should the Apostrophe Be Abolished? - The Not-So-Great Apostrophe Debate
Without a doubt, the apostrophe is the most commonly abused mark of punctuation. Is the little squiggle worth saving, or is it time to abandon the mark altogether?

Writing Rituals and Routines - Advice on How to Become a More Disciplined Writer
Professional authors generally agree that writing calls for discipline. But how exactly do we find--or impose--that sense of discipline when we sit down to write?

philippic - definition and examples of philippics
Discourse (traditionally an oration) that is characterized by fierce condemnation of a subject; a diatribe or rant.

qualitative adjective - definition and examples of qualitative adjectives in English
An adjective used to identify the qualities or features of a person or thing.

The Triumph of Slang - Bosh, Humbug, and the Survival of 19th-Century Barbarisms - Doomed Efforts to Purify the English Language
In the 19th century, language mavens were greatly concerned about maintaining

usage note - definition and examples of usage notes and labels in English dictionaries
In a dictionary or glossary, a label that indicates particular limitations on the use of a word, or particular contexts or registers in which the word customarily appears.

Contradictory Premises - Definition and Examples
An argument (generally considered a logical fallacy) that draws a conclusion from inconsistent or incompatible premises.

Eight Special Little Words in English Grammar - Uses of "It," "There," "Should," "Anymore," "Be," "We," "They," and "Eh"
Linguists have assigned names to these distinctive (and sometimes controversial) ways of using eight very common words in English.

Bathos - Grammer Definition and Examples
(1) An insincere and/or excessively sentimental demonstration of pathos. (2) An abrupt and often ludicrous transition in style from the elevated to the ordinary.

Periodical Essay - Definition and Examples
An essay (that is, a short work of nonfiction) published in a magazine or journal--in particular, an essay that appears as part of a series.

Coordinating Words, Phrases and Clauses - Grammer
A common way to connect related words, phrases, and even entire clauses is to coordinate them--that is, connect them with a coordinating conjunction such as

Changes, by Peter Matthiessen - Scrapbook of Styles - comparison and contrast - process analysis
In

Sophistry - Definition and Examples
Reasoning that appears sound but is misleading or fallacious.

Legal English - Glossary Definition
The specialized variety (or occupational register) of the English language used by lawyers and in legal documents.

Extended-Definition Essay Topic - Values
In this assignment you'll compose an extended definition (with examples) of one particular value (positive or negative) that you consider to be especially meaningful in your life.

Inner Speech Definition and Uses
The phrase inner speech was used by Russian psychologist Lev Vygotsky to describe a stage in language acquisition and the process of thought.

Rhetorical Analysis and Applying Figures of Speech
These ten discussion questions provide opportunities to apply some of the key concepts and terms used in rhetorical analyses of essays, speeches, poems, short stories, and novels.

Passages and Discussion Questions for Rhetorical Analysis (page 2) - Study Questions - Topics for Rhetorical Studies - Applying the Figures of Speech
These ten discussion questions provide opportunities to apply some of the key concepts and terms used in rhetorical analyses of essays, speeches, poems, short stories, and novels. Page 2.

crot - definition and examples of crots
A verbal bit or fragment used as an autonomous unit without transitional devices.

ascriptive sentence - definition and examples of ascriptive sentences and equational sentences
A sentence, usually constructed with a copula, in which a quality is attributed to someone or something.

Top Blogs for Writers - Ten Best Blogs for Writers, Editors, and Teachers of Writing
Many professional writers, editors, and teachers rely on blogs to engage in online conversations about the nature of language and the writing process. Here you'll find links to 10 of the more popular, useful, and authoritative blogs.

"How Shall I Word It?" by Max Beerbohm - Classic British Essays - Letters, Essays, and Speeches
As you read Beerbohm's parodies of the letters in a how-to book, decide whether you fit Joseph Epstein's description of a Max Beerbohm reader.

"How Shall I Word It?" by Max Beerbohm (page two) - Classic British Essays - Letters, Essays, and Speeches
As you read Beerbohm's parodies of the letters in a how-to book, decide whether you fit Joseph Epstein's description of a Max Beerbohm reader. Page 2.

"How Shall I Word It?" by Max Beerbohm (page three) - Classic British Essays - Letters, Essays, and Speeches
As you read Beerbohm's parodies of the letters in a how-to book, decide whether you fit Joseph Epstein's description of a Max Beerbohm reader. Page 3.

Samuel Johnson on the Bugbear Style - Classic Essays on Style - Dr. Johnson on Prose Styles - Skotison
Richard Lanham reintroduced the Greek word

agrammatism - definition and examples of agrammatism
The pathological inability to use words in grammatical sequence.

kinship terms - definition and examples of kinship terms in English
Words used in a speech community to identify relationships between individuals in a family (or a kinship unit).

Making Verbs Agree With Their Subjects - Correcting Errors in Subject-Verb Agreement
Find out how to make verbs agree with their subjects.

Using Pronouns Correctly and Effectively
Practice in using pronouns correctly and effectively.

pet phrase - definition and examples of pet phrases in English
An informal term for a stock expression frequently used by an individual in speech and/or writing.

metanalysis - definition and examples of metanalysis
A reinterpretation of the division between words or syntactic units.

Business Writing Websites - Business & Technical Writing Sites
Business writers (and students enrolled in business writing courses) are often called on to compose special kinds of projects (such as memos, letters, reports, and proposals) that follow distinctive conventions. To learn more about those conventions, you may want to visit one of these three helpful websites for business writers.

patient - definition and examples of semantic patients in English grammar
In grammar and morphology, the person or thing that is affected or acted upon by the action expressed by a verb. (Also called semantic patient.)

restrictive element - definition and examples of restrictive elements in English
A word, phrase, or dependent clause that limits (or restricts) the meaning of the element it modifies while providing information essential to the meaning of the sentence.

gapping - definition and examples of gapping in English grammar
A construction in which part of a sentence is omitted rather than repeated.

there-transformation - definition and examples of there-transformation
A structure in which the expletive

Of Figures of Speech, by Lindley Murray (1817) - Essays on Style - Guide to Using the Major Figures of Speech
Though hardly a definitive study even for its time, Lindley Murray's treatment of the major figures of speech contains some enduring insights and illuminating examples.

New Zealand English (NZE) - Definition and Examples of New Zealand English
New Zealand English is a variety of the English language that is used in New Zealand.

A Wet Night in London, by Richard Jefferies - Classic British Essays - From "The Open Air" by Richard Jefferies
Originally published in 1885,

stimulus freedom - definition and examples of stimulus-freedom
The principle (formulated by linguist Noam Chomsky) that what a person says or writes is not determined by external circumstances.

Writing Across the Curriculum (WAC) - definition and examples of Writing Across the Curriculum
The use of writing in the teaching and learning of college and university subjects other than those offered by conventional composition programs.

linguistic insecurity - definition and examples
The anxiety or lack of confidence experienced by speakers and writers who believe that their use of language does not conform to the principles and practices of Standard English.

Veracious, Vociferous, and Voracious - Commonly Confused Words
The commonly confused words

Veracious, Vociferous, and Voracious - Commonly Confused Words - Answers to Practice Exercises
The commonly confused words

Topic Suggestions for Paragraphs and Essays - Writing Prompts
If you're having problems coming up with a good topic for a composition, consider these ideas for a variety of common writing assignments. Writing prompts such as these are intended to spark your imagination and help you discover a topic that's meaningful to you.

inkhorn term - definition and examples of inkhorn word
Showy, affected, or pretentious language.

Grammar & Composition Blog Archives - Posts From 2007 to the Present
Appearing every Monday, Wednesday, and Friday, the Grammar & Composition blog at About.com covers a wide variety of topics related to the English language. Here you'll find links to articles that have been posted from January 2007 to the present.

flyting - definition and examples of flyting in English
A verbal slanging match: a ritualized form of invective in which insults are exchanged.

sentence diagramming - definition and examples of diagramming in teaching grammar
A method of grammar instruction that relies on a standardized framework of lines and branches to reveal the syntactic structure of a sentence.

Character Sketch by John McPhee - Scrapbook of Styles - "Giving Good Weight," by John McPhee
John McPhee's essay

Quizzes on Figures of Speech - Review Quizzes on Figurative Language
Review quizzes on figures of speech and other rhetorical terms.

2014 Blog Archive for About.com Grammar & Composition
Keep up with this year's posts at About.com Grammar & Composition.

Expanding Sentences With Adverb Clauses - Sentence Expanding Exercises - Adverbial Clauses
This exercise will give you practice in expanding sentences with adverb clauses.

sententia - definition and examples of sententiae
In classical rhetoric, a maxim, proverb, aphorism, or popular quotation: a brief expression of conventional wisdom.

status-word - definition and examples of status-words
As defined by C.S. Lewis, a word that assigns

Probing Your Topic - Discovery Strategy of Probing
One way to generate details for a descriptive paragraph is to

Rhetoric Review Questions - Classical Rhetoric for Contemporary Students - 15 Study Questions With Guides to Background Information
If you have been studying classical rhetoric, these 15 study questions will help you review some key concepts introduced by major figures in rhetorical history.

Sentence Combining #11 - My Home of Yesteryear - Using Participial Phrases in a Place Description
This sentence-combining exercise has been adapted from the last five paragraphs of the essay

Sentence Combining #8 - How Teachers Make Children Hate Reading - Cause and Effect
This sentence-combining exercise has been adapted from two paragraphs in

Sentence Combining #8 - How Teachers Make Children Hate Reading (original paragraphs) - Cause and Effect
These two paragraphs from

Sentence Recombining Exercise - The Flood, by John Steinbeck - Sentence Combining - Passage from "The Grapes of Wrath" by John Steinbeck
This recombining exercise demonstrates that breaking down a long sentence into two or three shorter ones is one way to make our writing clearer and easier to read. The exercise has been adapted from the first paragraph of Chapter 29 of John Steinbeck's novel

The Flood, by John Steinbeck - Passage from Chapter 29 of "The Grapes of Wrath" - Sentence Recombining
The following paragraph, from the opening of Chapter 29 in John Steinbeck's novel The Grapes of Wrath, served as the basis for our exercise in sentence recombining. Page 2.

Richard Wright's Hunger for Books - Scrapbook of Styles - Passage from Black Boy by Richard Wright
In Chapter 13 of his autobiography, Wright recounts how, at age 15, he had to forge the name of a white co-worker in order to borrow Mencken's books from the Memphis Public Library.

Stickball in New York - Scrapbook of Styles - excerpt from A Drinking Life, by Pete Hamill - Passages for Rhetorical Analysis
In his memoir A Drinking Life (1994), Pete Hamill re-creates everyday life in Brooklyn and Manhattan during the 1940s and '50s. This passage, set in the days immediately following the end of World War II, describes the rules and rituals of a once popular New York City street game.

Hot Hands, by Stephen Jay Gould - Scrapbook of Styles - Passage From Stephen Jay Gould's Essay "The Streak of Streaks"
In this excerpt from the essay

New York City Passages: Colby's New York in the 1970s - Narrative in "The View from Morningside"
In this passage from her family memoir

New York City Passages - Walker Percy's New York City in the 1960s
In Walker Percy's novel

Gore Vidal on Prettiness - Definitions - Scrapbook of Styles - Passages for Rhetorical Analysis
The blend of historical information and personal narrative is a strategy Gore Vidal often adopts in his essays.

Expanding Sentences with Participial Phrases and Absolutes - Sentence Expanding Exercise - Composing Sentences with Participial Phrases and Absolutes
This exercise will give you practice in expanding sentences with participial phrases and absolutes.

A TV Guide to Grammar and Usage - Language Notes From Abby Sciuto, Richard Castle, and Other Popular TV Characters
Richard Castle on

How to Avoid Writing, by Robert Benchley - Procrastination Strategies - Overcoming Writer's Block
Humorist Robert Benchley (1889-1945) describes the sort of commitment that NOT writing demands.

Doris Lessing - The Compulsion to Write - Writers on Writing
When asked by Bill Moyers why she continued to write, Doris Lessing said,

Grace Paley on Writing - Writers on Language and the Writing Process - Quotations
In a 1998 interview, poet and short-story writer Grace Paley said that she was so

Writers on Writing - Norman Mailer - The Art of Literary Journalism - Quotations on Writing
In the more than 300 interviews given by Norman Mailer over a long career, he freely expressed his views on a broad range of topics. Here we've extracted a few of his comments on writing: on the fear of writer's block (and how to overcome it), the nature of style, the relation between fiction and nonfiction, the value of writing classes, and two of his major literary influences.

When and How Did You Learn to Write? - Readers Respond
Readers are invited to recall when and how they learned to write. Please join the discussion.

Alliterative Absurdities - Alliteration in a Comic Poem - Nonsense Verse
This comic poem originally appeared in the anthology

Copia - Raymond Queneau's Exercises in Style - Lessons in Copia
To learn more about

Two Thousand Pure Fools: An Anthology of Aphorisms - A Review of "Ifferisms: An Anthology of Aphorisms That Begin With the Word 'If'" by Dr. Mardy Grothe
Dr. Mardy Grothe's latest

Complimentary of Chess - A 19th-Century Exercise in Alliteration - Verbal Play
This exercise in alliteration originally appeared in

Trying Skying - An Exercise in Anadiplosis - Verbal Play
Anadiplosis is a figurative device in which the last word of one line or clause is repeated at the start of the next line or clause. In this 19th-century poem, anadiplosis serves to link all 16 lines.

Fine Writing, by Logan Pearsall Smith (page three) - Essay on English Prose Styles by Logan Pearsall Smith
In these excerpts from

Fine Writing, by Logan Pearsall Smith - Essay on English Prose Styles by Logan Pearsall Smith
In these excerpts from

Fine Writing, by Logan Pearsall Smith (page two) - Essay on English Prose Styles by Logan Pearsall Smith
In these excerpts from

Metaphors Be With You - Review of "I Never Metaphor I Didn't Like," by Mardy Grothe
With the same wit and enthusiasm that he brought to his earlier studies of chiasmus and paradox, Dr. Mardy Grothe sets out to refresh our language and our spirits with this entertaining collection of figurative comparisons:

The Teaching of English Grammar, by Oliver Farrar Emerson - Linguistics and Grammar - Advice From the 19th-Century
In a paper read before the Michigan Schoolmasters' Club in November 1896, Dr. Emerson spoke confidently of

The Teaching of English Grammar, by Oliver Farrar Emerson (page two) - Linguistics and Grammar - Advice From the 19th-Century
In a paper read before the Michigan Schoolmasters' Club in November 1896, Dr. Emerson spoke confidently of

The Teaching of English Grammar, by Oliver Farrar Emerson (page three) - Linguistics and Grammar - Advice From the 19th-Century
In a paper read before the Michigan Schoolmasters' Club in November 1896, Dr. Emerson spoke confidently of

The Teaching of English Grammar, by Oliver Farrar Emerson (page four) - Linguistics and Grammar - Advice From the 19th-Century
In a paper read before the Michigan Schoolmasters' Club in November 1896, Dr. Emerson spoke confidently of

Commonly Misspelled Words (Part 2)
Part Two of our list of 200 commonly misspelled words.

Works Consulted for the Glossay of Grammatical and Rhetorical Terms - Bibliography of Grammatical and Rhetorical Terms
A list of works consulted for definitions of grammatical and rhetorical terms.

There's a Name for It (Part Three) - More Witty and Wonderful Language-Related Terms - Highlights from the Glossary of Grammatical & Rhetorical Terms
Hobson-Jobsonism, lazy pronouns, burlesque metaphors, and garden-path sentences: you'll find definitions and examples of these and many more witty and wonderful language-related terms here in part three of There's a Name for It.You'll find examples and explanations of these and over 1,200 other language-related words and phrases in our ever-expanding Glossary of Grammatical and Rhetorical Terms.

Organizing a Formal Job Description - The Body Snatcher - Exercise in Organizing an Informative Paragraph
This exercise will give you practice in effectively organizing an informative paragraph--specifically, an objective report on the duties and skills required of a professional body snatcher.

Organizing a Formal Job Description (original paragraph) - The Body Snatcher - Exercise in Organizing an Informative Paragraph
Here is the paragraph that served as the model for the organizing exercise on page one,

Exercise in Composing a Formal Job Description - Transforming a Personal, Informal Report Into a Formal Job Description
After reading this informal description of the job of parcel post clerk, complete the simple outline that follows it. Then use the information in your outline to draft a more formal and objective description of the same job.

Completing an Outline for a Formal Job Description - Transforming a Personal, Informal Report Into a Formal Job Description
The paragraph in this exercise is a personal, informal description of the job of parcel post clerk. After reading the paragraph, complete the simple outline that follows it. Then use the information in your outline to draft a more formal and objective description of the same job. Page 2.

Editing Exercise - Correcting Sentence Fragments II - Why Do We Keep Pets? - Edited version
This exercise offers additional practice in identifying and correcting needless sentence fragments during the editing stage of the writing process. Page 2.

Editing Exercise - Correcting Sentence Fragments II - Why Do We Keep Pets? - Unedited version
This exercise offers additional practice in identifying and correcting needless sentence fragments during the editing stage of the writing process.

Exercise in Making Verbs Agree With Their Subjects - Subject-Verb Agreement Review Exercise
If you have studied the guidelines for correcting errors in subject-verb agreement, you should have no problem completing this short review exercise.

Answers to Exercise in Making Verbs Agree With Their Subjects - Subject-Verb Agreement Review Exercise
Here are the answers to the exercise on page one: Making Verbs Agree With Their Subjects. Page 2.

The Art of Persuasion, by John Quincy Adams - Essays on Rhetoric and Prose Style - Audience and Ethical Appeals in Deliberative Oratory
Before becoming the sixth president of the United States, John Quincy Adams served for two years as the first Boylston professor of rhetoric and oratory at Harvard University. In this excerpt from lecture 11, Adams discusses audience and ethos in deliberative rhetoric.

The Art of Persuasion, by John Quincy Adams (page two) - Essays on Rhetoric and Prose Style - Audience and Ethical Appeals in Deliberative Discourse
Before becoming the sixth president of the United States, John Quincy Adams served for two years as the first Boylston professor of rhetoric and oratory at Harvard University. In this excerpt from lecture 11, Adams discusses audience and ethos in deliberative rhetoric. Page 2.

Clive James on Sentence Styles - From "Little Malcolm and His Struggle Against the Masses" - Essays on Style
A well-known television and radio presenter in England, Clive James is the author of more than 20 books of essays, criticism, poetry, and fiction. The following observations on style originally appeared in his postscript to an essay on British journalist Malcolm Muggeridge.

William H. Gass on Writing With Lists - Excerpts from "AND" by William H. Gass - Quotations from "In the Heart of the Heart of the Country"
In his remarkable essay on the conjunction

Of the Vanity of Words, by Michel de Montaigne - Essays on Rhetoric and Style - Montaigne on Rhetoric
In this essay, Montaigne equates eloquence with bombast and deception. The

Of the Vanity of Words, by Michel de Montaigne - Essays on Rhetoric and Style - Montaigne on Rhetoric
In this essay, Montaigne equates eloquence with bombast and deception. The

On Rhetoric, or the Art of Eloquence, by Francis Bacon - From "The Advancement of Learning" - Bacon on Rhetoric
In chapter 18 of the second part of

On Rhetoric, or the Art of Eloquence, by Francis Bacon (page two) - From "The Advancement of Learning" - Bacon on Rhetoric
In chapter 18 of the second part of

Of Figures of Speech, by Lindley Murray (page two) - Essays on Style - Guide to Using the Major Figures of Speech
Though hardly a definitive study even for its time, Lindley Murray's treatment of the major figures of speech contains some enduring insights and illuminating examples. Page 2.

Of Figures of Speech, by Lindley Murray (page three) - Essays on Style - Guide to Using the Major Figures of Speech
Though hardly a definitive study even for its time, Lindley Murray's treatment of the major figures of speech contains some enduring insights and illuminating examples. Page 3.

Of Figures of Speech, by Lindley Murray (page four) - Essays on Style - Guide to Using the Major Figures of Speech
Though hardly a definitive study even for its time, Lindley Murray's treatment of the major figures of speech contains some enduring insights and illuminating examples. Page 4.

Of Figures of Speech, by Lindley Murray (page five) - Essays on Style - Guide to Using the Major Figures of Speech
Though hardly a definitive study even for its time, Lindley Murray's treatment of the major figures of speech contains some enduring insights and illuminating examples. Page 5.

Hyperbole, by William Shepard Walsh - From "The Handy-Book of Literary Curiosities" (1892) - Examples of Hyperbole
One of the most entertaining sections of William S. Walsh's

Hyperbole, by William S. Walsh (page two) - From "The Handy-Book of Literary Curiosities" (1892) - Examples of Hyperbole
One of the most entertaining sections of William S. Walsh's

Hyperbole, by William S. Walsh (page three) - From "The Handy-Book of Literary Curiosities" (1892) - Examples of Hyperbole
One of the most entertaining sections of William S. Walsh's

Hyperbole, by William S. Walsh (page four) - From "The Handy-Book of Literary Curiosities" (1892) - Examples of Hyperbole
One of the most entertaining sections of William S. Walsh's

A Note on the Writer's Craft, by John Erskine - Composing With Modifiers


Words by Agnes Repplier - Classic American Essays - Essays on English Prose Style - Example of Impressionistic Criticism
As you read the essay

Words by Agnes Repplier (page two) - Classic American Essays - Essays on English Prose Style - Example of Impressionistic Criticism
As you read the essay

Words by Agnes Repplier (page three) - Classic American Essays - Essays on English Prose Style - Example of Impressionistic Criticism
As you read the essay

Words by Agnes Repplier (page four) - Classic American Essays - Essays on English Prose Style - Example of Impressionistic Criticism
As you read the essay

Words by Agnes Repplier (page five) - Classic American Essays - Essays on English Prose Style - Example of Impressionistic Criticism
As you read the essay

The Rhythm of Prose, by Robert Ray Lorant - Essays on English Prose Style
Originally published in 1920 under the title

The Rhythm of Prose, by Robert Ray Lorant (page two) - Essays on English Prose Style
Originally published in 1920 under the title

On Sadler's Bombastic Declamations, by Thomas Babington Macaulay - Essays on Style - Book Review by Macaulay
Thomas Macaulay's merciless attack on the

On Sadler's Bombastic Declamations, by Thomas Babington Macaulay (page two) - Essays on Style - Book Review by Macaulay
Thomas Macaulay's merciless attack on the

Outside Literature, by Joseph Conrad - Essays on English Prose Style - Classic British Essays
In this essay, originally published in 1922, novelist and master mariner Joseph Conrad considers the merits of a prose style significantly different from his own.

Outside Literature, by Joseph Conrad (page two) - Essays on English Prose Style - Classic British Essays
In this essay, originally published in 1922, novelist and master mariner Joseph Conrad considers the merits of a prose style significantly different from his own. Page 2.

Some Historians, by Philip Guedalla - Essays on English Prose Style - Classic British Essays
In the essay

Some Historians, by Philip Guedalla - Essays on English Prose Style - Classic British Essays
In the essay

Some Historians, by Philip Guedalla - Essays on English Prose Style - Classic British Essays
In the essay

Mark Twain on Students' "Original" Compositions at Tom Sawyer's School - Excerpt From Chapter 21 of "The Adventures of Tom Sawyer" by Mark Twain
With customary comic scorn, Mark Twain describes the formulaic nature of students'

William James, by John Jay Chapman (page two)- Classic American Essays
In this encomium to the philosopher and psychologist William James, John Jay Chapman fulfills his wish to help

William James, by John Jay Chapman - Classic American Essays
In this encomium to the philosopher and psychologist William James, John Jay Chapman fulfills his wish to help

Professorial Ethics, by John Jay Chapman - Classic American Essays
In

Professorial Ethics, by John Jay Chapman (page two) - Classic American Essays
In

Professorial Ethics, by John Jay Chapman (page three) - Classic American Essays
In

Retirement, by Robert Southey - Classic British Essays - Excerpt from Southey's "The Doctor"
Southey's final, unfinished work,

A Glimpse of War's Hell Scenes, by Walt Whitman - Classic American Essays - Essay from Whitman's "Specimen Days"
In

The True Friend, by Joseph Hall - Classic British Essays - Character Writing
An English bishop and the author of numerous devotional works, Joseph Hall is credited with initiating the 17th-century fashion for character-writing. Though he is famous for his plain, Senecan style, the staccato rhythms of his prose were considered by some (including John Milton) to be monotonously tiresome.

Letting Go, by Phoebe Yates Pember - Classic American Essays - From "A Southern Woman's Story: Life in Confederate Richmond"
In this excerpt from her memoir, Pember recounts the final moments of a young Confederate soldier named Fisher,

Patriotism, by George Santayana (page two)- Classic American Essays
It has been said that George Santayana

Patriotism, by George Santayana - Classic American Essays
It has been said that George Santayana

On the Art of Living With Others, by Arthur Helps - Classic British Essays
Shortly after Arthur Help's death in 1875, a critic wrote that

On the Art of Living With Others, by Arthur Helps (page two) - Classic British Essays
Shortly after Arthur Help's death in 1875, a critic wrote that

The Last Generation in England, by Elizabeth Gaskell - Classic British Essays - Essay by Mrs. Gaskell


The Last Generation in England, by Elizabeth Gaskell (page two) - Classic British Essays - Essay by Mrs. Gaskell


The Last Generation in England, by Elizabeth Gaskell (page three) - Classic British Essays - Essay by Mrs. Gaskell


The Suppressed Madness of Sane Men, by George Santayana - Classic American Essays
In this short essay, Santayana makes the claim that every

On Healthy Exercise, by George S. Street - Classic British Essays
In the preface to his essay collection

On Being an Alien, by Robert Lynd - Classic Essays - From "The Passion of Labour" by Robert Lynd
In his essay

A Lark's Flight, by Alexander Smith - Reflections on Capital Punishment - Classic British Essay - From Dreamthorp by Alexander Smith
In the opening paragraphs of