Grammar & Composition Sitemap - Page 2 2016-09-26

Bring and Take: Answers to Practice Exercises
The commonly confused verbs bring and take: answers to practice exercises. Page 2.

Commonly Confused Words: Bring and Take
The commonly confused verbs bring and take: definitions, examples, usage notes, and practice exercises.

Latin Abbreviations Commonly Confused in English
Let's look at four Latin abbreviations that are often confused with one another.: e.g., etc., et al., and i.e.

A Sample Example Paragraph: Confessions of a Slob
The following example paragraph is effectively developed with specific examples to help those learning basic grammar and structure.

Confessions of a Slob: Answers to Study Questions
Here are sample responses to the study questions that accompany

Review Quiz on Commonly Confused Words
If you have studied our pages on

Answers to the Review Quiz on Commonly Confused Words
Here are the answers to the Review Quiz on Commonly Confused Words. Page 2.

Commonly Confused Words: Risky and Risqué
Find out the difference between the words

Risky and Risqué - Answers to Practice Exercises
The commonly confused words

Sample Example Paragraph - Junk Food Junkie
This student paragraph is well organized and effectively developed with specific examples, but it lacks a satisfactory concluding sentence.

Example Paragraph - Junk Food Junkie (page 2)
Here are sample responses to the study questions that accompany

A Pop Quiz for Word Lovers
What do the nouns

Answers to a Pop Quiz for Word Lovers
Here are the answers to our Pop Quiz for Word Lovers. Page 2.

Imperative Sentences in English: Definition and Examples
An imperative sentence gives advice or instructions or expresses a request or command. Read these examples of imperative sentences.

Definitions and Discussions of the Parts of a Speech
In classical rhetoric, the parts of a speech are the conventional divisions of an oration: arrangement.

Definitions and Examples of English Sentence Structures
Sentence structure (or syntax) is the arrangement of words, phrases, and clauses in a sentence.

Commonly Confused Words: Accidental and Incidental
The commonly confused words

Accidental and Incidental: Answers to Exercises
The commonly confused words

Definition and Examples of Narrators
A narrator is a person or character who tells a story, or a voice fashioned by an author to recount a narrative.

Flesh Out and Flush Out: Answers to Practice Exercises
The commonly confused expressions

Commonly Confused Words: Flesh Out and Flush Out
The commonly confused verb phrases

Definition and Examples of Sarcasm
Sarcasm is a mocking, often ironic or satirical remark, usually intended to wound as well as amuse.

Definition and Examples of Denotations
Denotation refers to the direct or dictionary meaning of a word, in contrast to its figurative or associated meanings.

Definition and Examples of Associative Meaning
Associative meaning refers to the qualities or characteristics beyond denotative meaning that people commonly think of in relation to a word or phrase.

Natural Language - Definition and Examples
A natural language is a human language, such as English, as opposed to an artificial language, machine language, or the language of formal logic.

Definition and Examples of Productivity in Language
Productivity is a general term in linguistics for the limitless ability to use language (i.e., any natural language) to say new things.

Sequence of Tenses in English Grammar
In English grammar, sequence of tenses refers to agreement in tense between the verb in a subordinate clause and the verb in a main clause.

Definition and Examples of Clipping in Morphology
Clipping is the process of forming a new word by dropping one or more syllables from a polysyllabic word.

Word Stories: The Surprising Origins of Everyday Words
Find out some of the many ways in which new words have entered (and continue to enter) the English language.

Semantic Change and the Etymological Fallacy
Because most words undergo some degree of semantic change, the one reliable guide to a word's meaning is present-day usage rather than history.

Definition and Examples of Semantic Change
In semantics and historical linguistics, semantic change refers to any change in the meaning(s) of a word over the course of time.

Leach and Leech - Commonly Confused Words
The commonly confused words

Leach and Leech - Answers to Practice Exercises - Commonly Confused Words - Leach versus Leech
The commonly confused words

Definition and Examples of Baby Talk (Caregiver Speech)
Baby talk (or caregiver speech) is the simple language forms used by young children, or the modified form of speech often used by adults with children.

Definition and Examples of Foreigner Talk
Foreigner talk is a simplified version of a language that's sometimes used by native speakers when addressing non-native speakers.

Definitions of English as a Lingua Franca (ELF)
English as a lingua franca refers to the use of the English language as a common means of communication for speakers of different native languages.

Definition and Examples of New Englishes
New Englishes are varieties of the English language used in places where it's not the mother tongue of the majority of the population.

Definition and Examples of Summative Modifiers
A summative modifier is a modifier that appears at the end of a sentence and serves to summarize the idea of the main clause.

Definition and Examples of Resumptive Modifiers
A resumptive modifier is a modifier that repeats a key word at the end of a sentence and then adds details related to that word.

Idiolects: Definition, Discussion, and Examples
An idiolect is the distinctive speech of an individual--a linguistic pattern regarded as unique among speakers of a person's language or dialect.

Definition and Examples of Bowdlerisms
Bowdlerism is the practice of removing or restating any material in a text that might be considered offensive to some readers.

Dunce, Diesel, Leotard, and Other Examples of Eponyms
Filberts, bikinis, saxophones and other examples of eponyms--words derived from the proper name of a person or place.

Definition and Examples of Eponyms in English
An eponym is a word that is derived from the proper name of a real or mythical person or place.

Definition and Examples of Accismus in Rhetoric
Accismus is a form of irony in which a person feigns a lack of interest in something that he or she actually desires.

20 Rhetorical Terms - Unusual Figures of Speech
Let's take a look at 20 uncommon words for some fairly common figures of speech.

What Is a Rhetorical Question?
The purpose of a rhetorical question is not to secure a response but to assert or deny a point implicitly.

Definition and Examples of Rhetorical Questions
A rhetorical question is a question asked merely for effect with no answer expected.

Definition of Examples of Complement Clauses
In English grammar, a complement clause is a subordinate clause that serves to complete the meaning of a noun or verb in a sentence.

Definition and Examples of Academic Writing
Academic writing refers to the forms of expository prose used by researchers to convey a body of information about a particular subject.

Commonly Confused Words: Anxious and Eager
The commonly confused words anxious and eager: definitions, examples, usage notes, and practice exercises.

Anxious and Eager - Glossary of Usage - Commonly Confused Words - Anxious versus Eager
The commonly confused words anxious and eager: answers to practice exercises. Page 2.

Definition and Examples of Isocolons in Rhetoric
Isocolon is a succession of main clauses of approximately equal length and corresponding structure.

Commonly Confused Words: Forth and Fourth
The commonly confused words

Forth and Fourth - Commonly Confused Words - Forth versus Fourth
The commonly confused words

Definition and Examples of Linguistic Accommodation
In linguistics, accommodation is the process by which speakers adjust their accent, diction, or other aspects of language according to the speech style of the other participant.

Definition and Examples of Dialect Leveling
Dialect Leveling is the reduction or elimination of marked differences between dialects over a period of time.

Definition and Examples of Codification in English
The linguistic term

Definition and Examples of Embedded Questions
In English grammar, an embedded question is a question that appears in a declarative statement or in another question.

The Commonly Confused Words Prescribe and Proscribe
The commonly confused words prescribe and proscribe: definitions, examples, usage notes, and practice exercises.

Prescribe and Proscribe - Glossary of Usage - Commonly Confused Words - Prescribe versus Proscribe - Answers to Practice Exercises
The commonly confused verbs

Definition and Examples on Concessions in Arguments
Concession is an argumentative strategy by which a speaker or writer acknowledges the validity of an opponent's point.

Buy, By, and Bye - Commonly Confused Words
The commonly confused words buy, by, and bye: definitions, examples, idiom alerts, and practice exercises.

Buy, By, and Bye - Commonly Confused Words - Answers to Practice Exercises
The commonly confused words buy, by, and bye: answers to practice exercises. Page 2.

Answers to a Quick Quiz on Loanwords in English
On this page you'll find the answers to our Quick Quiz on Loanwords in English. Page 2.

Would You Repeat That, Please? - Answers to the Matching Quiz on Rhetorical Strategies of Repetition
Here you'll find the answers to our matching quiz on rhetorical strategies of repetition. Page 2.

A Matching Quiz on Rhetorical Strategies of Repetition
Match the names of these ten repetitive figures of speech with the appropriate definitions and examples that follow.

A Quick Quiz on Loanwords in English: A Matching Quiz
This quick quiz on loanwords in English will test your knowledge of where some of our words originated.

Definition and Examples of Lects in Linguistics
Lect is a term sometimes used in linguistics (especially sociolinguistics) for any distinguishable variety of a language.

Examples of Linguistic Conversion or Zero Derivation
In linguistics, conversion (or zero derivation) is a process that assigns an existing word to a new word class or syntactic category.

Definition and Examples of Dialect Prejudice
Dialect prejudice is discrimination based on a person's dialect or way of speaking. Dialect prejudice is a type of linguicism.

Sociolinguistics - Definition and Examples
Sociolinguistics is the study of the relationship between language and society.

Regional Dialect - Definition and Examples
A regional dialect is the distinct form of a language spoken in a particular geographical area.

Definition and Examples of Linguistic Prestige
In sociolinguistics, linguistic prestige refers to the degree of esteem and social value attached to certain languages, dialects, or features of a language variety.

Levels of Usage - Definition and Examples
The term

Code Switching: Definition and Examples in Language
Code switching is the practice of moving back and forth between two languages or between two dialects or registers of the same language.

African-American Vernacular English (AAVE)
A variety of American English spoken by many African Americans.

Definition and Examples of Accent Prejudice
Accent prejudice is the perception that certain accents are inferior to others.

Definition and Examples of Linguicism
Linguicism is discrimination based on language or dialect: linguistically argued racism.

Dialect - Definition and Examples in Linguistics
A dialect is a regional or social variety of a language distinguished by pronunciation, grammar, or vocabulary.

Definition and Examples of Motifs in Writing
A motif is a recurring theme or verbal pattern in a single text or a number of different texts.

Definition and Examples of Received Pronunciation
Received pronunciation (RP) is a once prestigious variety of British English spoken without an identifiable regional accent.

Definition and Examples of Scottish English
Scottish English is a broad term for the varieties of the English language spoken in Scotland.

Definition and Examples of the Great Vowel Shift (GVS)
The Great Vowel Shift was the systemic change in the pronunciation of English vowels that occurred in southern England during the late Middle English period

Definition and Examples of Estuary English
Estuary English is a contemporary variety of British English: a mixture of non-regional and southeastern English pronunciation, grammar, and vocabulary.

Definition and Examples of Etymology in English
Etymology refers to (1) the origin or derivation of a word, and (2) the branch of linguistics concerned with the history of the forms and meanings of words.

Synonym - Definition and Examples
A synonym is a word having the same or nearly the same meaning as another word in certain contexts.

Definition and Examples of Spelling in English
In written language, spelling is the choice and arrangement of letters that form words.

Commonly Confused Words: Soar and Sore
The commonly confused words

Soar and Sore - Commonly Confused Words - Answers to Practice Exercises
The commonly confused words

Definition and Examples of Letters as Symbols
A letter is an alphabetic symbol such as A or a. There are 26 letters in the modern English alphabet.

Definition and Examples of Inflections in English
Inflection is a process of word formation in which items are added to the base form of a word to express grammatical meanings.

Third-Person Pronouns - Definition and Examples
Third-person pronouns are pronouns that refer to people or things other than the speaker (or writer) and the person(s) addressed.

Definition, Discussion, and Examples of Old English
Old English (or Anglo Saxon) refers to the language spoken in England from around 500 to 1100.

Definition and Examples of Grimm's Law
Grimm's Law is a statement of the relationship between certain consonants in Germanic languages and their originals in Indo-European.

Definition and Examples of Linguistic Purism
Purism is a pejorative term in linguistics for a zealous conservatism in regard to the use and development of a language.

Definition and Examples of Linguistic Variation
The term linguistic variation refers to regional, social, or contextual differences in the ways that a particular language is used.

Definition and Examples of Americanisms
An Americanism is an English word or phrase that (supposedly) originated in the United States and/or is used primarily by Americans.

lexicographer - definition and examples
A lexicographer is a person who writes, compiles, or edits a dictionary.

Definition and Examples of Lexicography
Lexicography is the process of writing, editing, and/or compiling a dictionary.

Commonly Confused Words: Grate and Great
The difference between the commonly confused words

Grate and Great: Answers to Practice Exercises
The difference between the commonly confused words

Definition and Discussion of Chomskyan Linguistics
Chomskyan linguistics is a broad term for the principles of language and the methods of language study introduced by American linguist Noam Chomsky.

Definition and Examples of Universal Grammar
Universal grammar is the theoretical system of categories, operations, and principles shared by all human languages and considered to be innate.

Commonly Confused Words: Scene and Seen
The commonly confused words

Scene and Seen - Commonly Confused Words - Answers to Practice Exercises
The noun

Definition and Examples of Corpora in Linguistics
A corpus is a collection of linguistic data used for research, scholarship, and teaching.

Definition and Examples of Vagueness in Language
In speech or writing, vagueness is the imprecise or unclear use of language.

Definition and Examples of Skunked Terms
A skunked term is a word that has undergone

Definition and Examples of the Fallacy of Equivocation
Equivocation is a fallacy by which a key word or phrase in an argument is used with more than one meaning.

A Matching Quiz on Loanwords in English
To test your knowledge of where English words have come from, take this matching quiz on loanwords.

Answers to the Matching Quiz on Loanwords
To test your knowledge of where English words have come from, take this matching quiz on loanwords. Page 2.

Definition and Examples of Modality in Grammar
In grammar, modality refers to linguistic devices that indicate the degree to which an observation is possible, probable, likely, certain, permitted, or prohibited.

Homer Simpson's Figures of Speech
Though Homer's rhetorical turns sometimes take odd detours, he's undeniably Springfield's master rhetorician. Learn 20 figures of speech from Homer Simpson.

Techne: A True Art, Craft, or Discipline in Rhetoric
In classical rhetoric, techne is a true art, craft, or discipline. Aristotle regarded rhetoric as a techne--a skill for communicating effectively.

Definition and Examples of Episteme in Rhetoric
In classical rhetoric, episteme is the domain of true knowledge--in contrast to doxa, the domain of opinion, belief, or probable knowledge.

A Quick Quiz on Commonly Confused Words: 20 Proverbs
Enjoy two lessons in one today: a quick quiz on commonly confused words packed in proverbial wisdom.

Answers to a Quick Quiz on Commonly Confused Words: 20 Proverbs - Three-Minute Quiz on Confusables
Enjoy two lessons in one today: a quick quiz on commonly confused words packed in proverbial wisdom. Complete each proverb by selecting the correct word from each highlighted pair. Page 2.

Definition and Examples of Grammaticalization
In historical linguistics, grammaticalization is the process by which a lexical item or construction changes into one that serves a grammatical function.

Definition and Examples of Intensifiers in English
An intensifier (also called a booster) is a word that emphasizes another word or phrase in a sentence.

Definition and Examples of Semantic Narrowing
Semantic narrowing (or specialization) is the process by which a word's meaning becomes less general or inclusive than its earlier meaning.

Commonly Confused Words: Faze and Phase
The commonly confused words faze and phase: definitions, examples, idiom alerts, and practice exercises.

Faze and Phase: Answers to Practice Exercises
The commonly confused words faze and phase: answers to practice exercises. Page 2.

Definition and Examples of Broadening in English
The process by which the meaning of a word becomes broader or more inclusive than its earlier meaning.

Definition and Examples of Cataphora in English Grammar
Cataphora is the use of a pronoun or other linguistic unit to refer ahead to another word in a sentence.

Definition and Examples of Anaphora in English Grammar
Anaphora is a grammatical term for the use of a pronoun or other linguistic unit to refer back to another word or phrase.

Definition and Examples of Degree Modifiers in English
A degree modifier is a word that can precede adjectives and adverbs to indicate the degree or extent to which they apply.

Definition and Examples of Loan Translations
A loan translation (or calque) is a compound in English that literally translates a foreign expression, word for word.

Definition and Examples of Word Borrowing
Borrowing is the process by which a word from one language is adapted for use in another.

Definition and Examples of Symbols
A symbol is a person, place, action, word, or thing that (by association, resemblance, or convention) represents something other than itself.

Definition and Examples of Language Families
A language family is a set of languages deriving from a common ancestor or

Indo-European Family of Languages
Indo-European is a family of languages (including most of the languages spoken in Europe, India, and Iran) descended from a common tongue spoken in the third millennium B.C.

Definition and Examples of Language Varieties
In sociolinguistics, language variety is a general term for any distinctive form of linguistic expression.

Definition and Examples of Contact Linguistics
Contact linguistics is the study of the ways in which languages influence one another when people speaking two or more languages interact.

Definition and Discussion of General American English
The term

Definition and Examples of American English (AmE)
American English refers to the varieties of the English language spoken and written in the United States.

Definition and Examples of American Spelling
American spelling refers to the spelling conventions generally followed by users of present-day American English.

Definition and Examples of Amphiboly in English
Amphiboly is a fallacy that relies on an ambiguous word or grammatical structure in a sentence.

Perspective and Prospective: Answers to Practice Exercises
The commonly confused words

Commonly Confused Words: Perspective and Prospective
The commonly confused words

Definition and Examples of Reduplicatives in English
A reduplicative is a word or lexeme that contains two identical or very similar parts.

Language in the News: Spring 2016
Global English, email sign-offs, and regional dialects are just a few of the topics covered in the spring 2016 edition of Language in the News.

Language in the News for Winter 2016
Vogue words, Hinglish, and singular

Definition and Examples of Singapore English
Singapore English is a dialect of the English language that is used in Singapore, a lingua franca influenced by Chinese and Malay.

Definition and Examples of Minimal Pairs in English
In phonology and phonetics, the term minimal pair refers to two words that differ in only one sound (a phoneme).

Definition and Examples of Janus Words in English
A Janus word (or contranym) is a word having opposite or contradictory meanings.

Definition and Examples of Clang Association
Clang association is word choice determined not by logic or meaning but by a word's similarity in sound to another word.

Definition and Examples of Semantic Bleaching
In semantics and historical linguistics, semantic bleaching is the loss or reduction of meaning in a word as a result of semantic change.

Definition and Examples of Theme-Writing
Theme writing refers to the conventional writing assignments required in many composition classes since the late-19th century.

Composition: Definition and Examples (English)
Definitions, discussions, and examples of written compositions in English.

Filler Word - Definition and Examples
A filler word is an apparently meaningless word, phrase, or sound that marks a pause or hesitation in speech.

Commonly Confused Words: Everyday and Every Day
What's the difference between

Everyday and Every Day - Answers to Practice Exercises
The adjective

Commonly Confused Words: In and Into
The commonly confused words

In and Into: Answers to Practice Exercises
The commonly confused words

Commonly Confused Words: Pole and Poll
The commonly confused words

Pole and Poll: Answers to Practice Exercises
The commonly confused words

Definition and Examples of End-Focus in Grammar
End-focus is the principle that the most important information in a clause or sentence is placed at the end.

Commonly Confused Words: Role and Roll
The commonly confused words role and roll: definitions, examples, idiom alerts, and practice exercises.

Role and Roll - Glossary of Usage - Commonly Confused Words - Role versus Roll - Answers to Practice Exercises
The commonly confused words role and roll: answers to practice exercises. Page 2.

Commonly Confused Words: Cleanup and Clean Up
The commonly confused words

Cleanup and Clean Up: Answers to Practice Exercises
The commonly confused words

Definition and Examples of the English-Only Movement
The English-only movement is a political movement that seeks to establish English as the sole official language of the United States.

Definition and Examples of Euro-English
Euro-English is an emerging variety of the English language used by speakers in the European Union whose mother tongue is not English.

Definition and Examples of Snowclones in English
A snowclone is a type of cliche or formulaic expression that

Commonly Confused Words: Breakdown and Break Down
The commonly confused words

Breakdown and Break Down: Answers to Practice Exercises
The commonly confused words

Afterward(s) and Afterword: Answers to Exercises
The adverb

Commonly Confused Words: Afterward(s) and Afterword
The commonly confused words

Definition and Examples of Person in English Grammar
In grammar, person is the relationship between a subject and its verb, showing whether the subject is speaking about itself, being spoken to, or being spoken about.

Definition and Examples of Epizeuxis in Rhetoric
Epizeuxis is a rhetorical term for the repetition of a word or phrase for emphasis, usually with no words in between.

Definition and Examples of the Etymological Fallacy
The etymological fallacy is the faulty argument that the

Definition and Examples of Folk Etymology in English
Folk etymology refers to a change in the form or pronunciation of a word resulting from a mistaken assumption about its composition or meaning.

Definition and Examples of Word Triplets in English
In grammar and morphology, triplets are three distinct words derived from the same source but at different times and by different routes of transmission.

Definition and Examples of Doublets in English
In linguistics, doublets are two distinct words derived from the same source but by different routes of transmission.

Commonly Confused Words: Aid and Aide
The commonly confused words

Aid and Aide: Answers to Practice Exercises
The commonly confused words

Commonly Confused Words: Confidant and Confident
The commonly confused words

Confidant and Confident - Commonly Confused Words - Answers to Practice Exercise
The commonly confused words confidant and confident: answers to practice exercises. Page 2.

Miner and Minor - Glossary of Usage - Commonly Confused Words - Miner and Minor - Answers to Practice Exercises
The commonly confused words

Glossary of UsageL Miner and Minor
The commonly confused words

Definition and Examples of Zero Articles
The zero article is an occasion in speech or writing where a noun or noun phrase is not preceded by an article

Commonly Confused Words: Beat and Beet
The commonly confused words

Beat and Beet: Answers to Practice Exercises
The commonly confused words

Tack and Tact: Answers to Practice Exercises
The commonly confused words

Commonly Confused Words: Tack and Tact
The commonly confused words

Commonly Confused Words: Lead and Led
The words

Lead and Led - Glossary of Usage


Homographs - Definition and Examples
Homographs are words that have the same spelling but differ in origin, meaning, and sometimes pronunciation.

Commonly Confused Words: Vary and Very
The commonly confused words

Vary and Very: Answers to Practice Exercises
The commonly confused words

Commonly Confused Words: Flair and Flare
The homophones flair and flare: definitions, examples, idiom alerts, and practice exercises.

Flair and Flare Practice Exercises
The homophones flair and flare: answers to practice exercises. Page 2.

Definition and Examples of Gender in English Grammar
Gender is a grammatical classification which in Modern English applies primarily to the third-person singular personal pronouns.

Definition and Examples of Interjections in English
An interjection is a short utterance that usually expresses emotion and is capable of standing alone.

Definition and Examples of Abbreviations in English
An abbreviation is a shortened form of a word or phrase.

Definition and Examples of Editors
An editor is an individual who oversees the preparation of a text, or someone who assists an author in copyediting a text.

Definition and Examples of Descriptive Grammar
Descriptive grammar is an objective, nonjudgmental description of the grammatical constructions in a language.

Definition and Examples of Prescriptive Grammar
Prescriptive grammar is a set of norms or rules governing how a language should or should not be used rather than describing the ways in which a language is actually used.

Definition and Examples of Language Mavens
Language maven is an informal term, popularized by journalist William Safire, for a self-appointed authority on English usage.

grammarian - definition and examples of grammarians
A grammarian is a specialist in the grammar of one or more languages.

Definition and Examples of Native Languages
In most cases, a native language is the language that a person acquires in early childhood because it's spoken in the family.

Commonly Confused Words: Sole and Soul
The commonly confused words

Sole and Soul: Answers to Practice Exercises
Answers to the practice exercises for the commonly confused words

Description (Descriptive Writing) - Definition and Examples
In composition, description is a rhetorical strategy using sensory details to portray a person, place, or object.

Definition and Examples of Global English
Global English refers to the use of the English language as a common means of communication across cultures--a lingua franca.

Definition and Examples of World English
World English is the English language as it is variously used throughout the world.

Commonly Confused Words: Mantel and Mantle
The commonly confused words

Mantel and Mantle: Answers to Practice Exercises
The commonly confused words

Alice Meynell's Classic Essay on the Illusion of Time
Meynell's

Envelop and Envelope - Commonly Confused Words
The commonly confused words envelop and envelope: definitions, examples, usage notes, idiom alerts, and practice exercises.

Envelop and Envelope: Answers to Practice Exercises
The commonly confused words envelop and envelope: answers to practice exercises. Page 2.

The Commonly Confused Words 'Patience' and 'Patients'
The commonly confused words patience and patients: definitions, examples, usage notes, idiom alerts, and practice exercises.

Patience and Patients: Answers to Practice Exercises
The commonly confused words patience and patients: answers to practice exercises. Page 2.

Definition and Examples of "Wh-"-Clauses in English
In English grammar, a

Definition and Examples of 'It'-Clefts in English
In English grammar, an

Definition and Examples of Cleft Sentences
In English grammar, a cleft is a construction in which some element is moved from its normal position into a separate clause to give it greater emphasis.

Definition and Examples of Legalese in English
Legalese is an informal term for the specialized language (or social dialect) of lawyers and of legal documents.

Definition and Examples of Silent Letters in English


Commonly Confused Words: Shear and Sheer
The commonly confused words shear and sheer: definitions, examples, and practice exercises.

Shear and Sheer: Answers to Practice Exercises
The commonly confused words shear and sheer: answers to practice exercises. Page 2.

a-verbing - definition and examples of a-verbing in English
A-verbing is a form of the verb (usually the present participle) in which the base is preceded by the prefix a-.

English Language: Definition, Examples, and Discussions
English is the primary language of several countries and a second language in a number of multilingual countries (including India, Singapore, and the Philippines)

Definition and Examples of Infinitive Clauses (English)
In English grammar, an infinitive clause is a clause whose verb is in the infinitive form.

Commonly Confused Words: Precede and Proceed
The commonly confused words precede and proceed: definitions, examples, and practice exercises.

Precede and Proceed - Glossary of Usage - Commonly Confused Words - Precede versus Proceed - Answers to Practice Exercises
The commonly confused words precede and proceed: answers to practice exercises. Page 2.

Definition and Examples of Interrupting Phrases
The interrupter is a (nerd alert) metadiscursive trick. The writer pauses to address the reader directly and signal her feelings about the news she's reporting.

writer - definition and examples
A writer can be defined as a person who writes (articles, stories, books, etc.), or as a person who writes professionally (that is, an author).

Writing - Definition, Examples, and Observations
Writing is (1) a system of graphic symbols that can be used to convey meaning, and (2) the act of composing a text.

Definition and Examples of Word Stems in English
A stem is the form of a word before any inflectional affixes are added.

Definition and Examples of Base Forms of Words
The base is the form of a word to which prefixes and suffixes are added to create new words.

Definition and Examples of Linguistic Mutation
In linguistics, mutation is a change in a vowel sound caused by a sound in the following syllable.

Definition and Examples of Language Contact
Language contact is the phenomenon by which speakers of different languages interact with one another, leading to a transfer of linguistic features.

Definition and Examples of Brogues in Speech
Brogue is an informal term for a distinctive regional pronunciation, especially an Irish or Scottish accent.

Definition and Examples of Drawl
A drawl is speech that is characterized by drawn-out vowels and syllables.

Commonly Confused Words: Broach and Brooch
The commonly confused words

Broach and Brooch: Answers to Practice Exercises
The commonly confused words

Hardy and Hearty - Answers to Practice Exercises
The commonly confused words

Commonly Confused Words: Hardy and Hearty
The commonly confused words

Definition and Examples of Family Slang in English
The informal term

Examples of Semantic Changes
For evidence that the meanings of even the simplest words change over time, try deciphering this seemingly nonsensical passage.

Heads and Subheads in Business and Technical Writing
Definition and examples of heads and subheads, words or phrases that introduce or summarize a document or a section within a document.

Definition and Examples of Koineization (Dialect Mixing)
Koineization is the process by which a new variety of a language emerges from the mixing, leveling, and simplifying of different dialects.

Multilingualism - Definition and Examples
Multilingualism is the ability of an individual speaker or a community of speakers to communicate effectively in three or more languages.

Bilingualism - Definition and Examples
Bilingualism is the ability of an individual or the members of a community to use two languages effectively.

Definition and Examples of Language Change
Language change is the phenomenon by which permanent alterations are made in the features and the use of a language over time.

Definition and Examples of Contact Languages
A contact language is a type of lingua franca used for purposes of basic communication by people with no common language.

Exclamation - Definition and Examples
An exclamation is a sudden, forceful expression or cry.

Edward Moore's Essay on Women's Use of Double Entendres
Moore argues that women are

The Double Entendre, by Edward Moore - Classic British Essays - Women's Use of Double Entendres in 18th-Century England
Moore's essay on the double entendre makes the point that women are

Definition and Examples of Editing Terms (Conversation)
In conversation analysis, an editing term is a filler word or phrase used to mark a hesitation in speech.

Definition and Examples of Indignatio(n) in Rhetoric
Indignatio (in English, indignation) is a rhetorical term for a hostile emotional response--an expression of scorn, disgust, or hatred.

Definition and Examples of Rhetoricality
Rhetoricality is a modern view of rhetoric as an inherent feature of language or as a condition of our existence as language-using creatures.

Definition and Examples of Syntactic Persistence
In psycholinguistics, syntactic persistence is a speaker's tendency to reuse the syntactic structure of a previous utterance.

Definition and Examples of Letteraturizzazione
In rhetoric,

Quotations on Writing From Robert Louis Stevenson
As shown by these excerpts from Robert Louis Stevenson's letters and essays, he had some wise things to say about the art and craft of writing.

Definition and Examples of Nicknames
A nickname is a familiar form of a proper name, or any descriptive name or epithet used informally.

Definition and Examples of Pauses in Speech and Writing
In phonetics, a pause is a break in speaking. Pauses may take on different meanings in conversation, public speaking, drama, fiction, and jokes.

Definition and Examples of Body Language
Body language is a type of nonverbal communication that relies on body movements (such as gestures, posture, and facial expressions) to convey messages.

Confused Words: Conscience, Conscious, Consciousness
The commonly confused words conscience, conscious, and consciousness: definitions, examples, usage notes, idiom alerts, and practice exercises.

Conscience, Conscious, and Consciousness: Answers
The commonly confused words conscience, conscious, and consciousness: answers to practice exercises. Page 2.

Definitions and Examples of Pseudo-Passives in English
The pseudo-passive is a verb construction that has a passive form but either an apparently active meaning or no active counterpart.

Definition and Examples of Sentence Imitation
Sentence imitation is an exercise in which students study a sample sentence and then imitate its structures, supplying their own material.

R.L. Stevenson's Classic Essay 'An Apology for Idlers'


Definition and Examples of Embolalia in Speech
The term

Definition and Examples of Buzzwords in English
Buzzword is an informal term for a fashionable word or phrase that is often used more to impress than to inform.

R.L. Stevenson's Classic Essay on Learning to Write
British novelist Robert Louis Stevenson describes how he learned to write by

Steal and Steel: Answers to Practice Exercises
The commonly confused words steal and steel: answers to practice exercises. Page 2.

Commonly Confused Words: Steal and Steel
The commonly confused words steal and steel: definitions, examples, idiom alerts, and practice exercises.

Board and Bored - Commonly Confused Words - Answers to Practice Exercises - Board versus Bored
The commonly confused words

Commonly Confused Words: Board and Bored
The commonly confused words

Linguistic and Conversational Repairs
In conversation analysis, a repair is the process by which a speaker recognizes a speech error and repeats what has been said with some sort of correction.

Logical Fallacy: Definition, Types, and Examples
A logical fallacy is an error in reasoning that renders an argument invalid.

Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions
Following the model of the U.S. Declaration of Independence, this revolutionary document called for the repeal of laws that enforced unequal treatment of women.

The Rise of Pancho Villa by John Reed
In the following dispatch, John Reed offers a memorable profile of the revolutionary general Francisco (

The Rise of Pancho Villa, by John Reed (page 2)
In this dispatch, John Reed offers a memorable profile of the revolutionary general Francisco (

The Rise of Pancho Villa, by John Reed (page 3)
John Reed offers a profile of the revolutionary general Francisco

Conversationalization: Definition and Examples
Conversationalization is a style of public discourse that simulates intimacy by adopting features of informal, conversational language.

Comparative Correlative - Definition and Examples
In grammar, a comparative correlative is a minor sentence pattern containing two corresponding phrases or clauses, each one headed by

Hanged and Hung - Glossary of Usage
The commonly confused words

Top Three Word-of-the-Day Sites
Starting each day with a fresh word in your email can be intellectually nourishing--and more enjoyable than a bowl of All-Bran.

Hanged and Hung: Answers to Exercises
The commonly confused words

Commonly Confused Words: Formally and Formerly
The commonly confused words

Formally and Formerly: Answers to Practice Exercises
The commonly confused words

Definition and Examples of Perorations in Rhetoric
In rhetoric, the peroration is the closing part of an argument.

Definition and Examples of Pathos in Rhetoric
In classical rhetoric, pathos is the means of persuasion that appeals to the audience's emotions.

Commonly Confused Words: Flew, Flu, and Flue
The commonly confused words flew, flu, and flue: definitions, examples, usage notes, and practice exercises.

Flew, Flu, and Flue - Commonly Confused Words - Flew, Flu, and Flue
The commonly confused words flew, flu, and flue: answers to practice exercises. Page 2.

10 Tips on How to Write a Professional Email
Follow these 10 tips to keep your email messages clear, concise, professional, and polite.

Definition and Examples of Lazy Pronouns in English
In English grammar, a lazy pronoun is a pronoun that does not refer explicitly or precisely to an antecedent.

Definition and Examples of Gradability in Grammar
Gradability is the semantic property of an adjective that identifies different levels or degrees of the quality it denotes.

Definition and Examples of Absolute Adjectives
An absolute adjective is an adjective with a meaning that's generally not capable of being intensified or compared.

Commonly Confused Words: Pair, Pare, and Pear
The commonly confused words pair, pare, and pear: definitions, examples, usage notes, and practice exercises.

Pair, Pare, and Pear: Answers to Practice Exercises
The commonly confused words pair, pare, and pear: answers to practice exercises. Page 2.

Commonly Confused Words: Persecute and Prosecute
The commonly confused words

Commonly Confused Words: Recourse, Resort, and Resource
The commonly confused words

The Commonly Confused Words 'Review' and 'Revue'
The commonly confused words

Recourse, Resort, and Resource: Answers to Exercises
The commonly confused words

Review and Revue: Answers to Practice Exercises
The commonly confused words

Persecute and Prosecute: Answers to Practice Exercises
The commonly confused words

The Commonly Confused Words Rapped, Rapt, and Wrapped
The commonly confused words

Rapped, Rapt, and Wrapped: Answers to Practice Exercises
The commonly confused words

Commonly Confused Words:Manner and Manor
The commonly confused words

Manner and Manor: Answers to Practice Exercises
The commonly confused words

Definition and Examples of Paycheck Sentences
A paycheck sentence is a sentence containing a pronoun that is not coreferential with its antecedent because the antecedent itself contains a pronoun.

Commonly Confused Words: Threw, Through, and Thru
The commonly confused words

Threw, Through, and Thru: Answers to Practice Exercises
The commonly confused words

Commonly Confused Words: Cite, Sight, and Site
The commonly confused homophones

Cite, Sight, and Site: Answers to Practice Exercises
The commonly confused words

Commonly Confused Words: Ware, Wear, and Where
The commonly confused words

Ware, Wear, and Where
The commonly confused words

Definition and Examples of Copyediting in English
Copyediting is the process of correcting errors in a text and making it conform to an editorial style.

Commonly Confused Words: Are, Hour, and Our
The commonly confused words are, hour, and our: definitions, examples, idiom alerts, and practice exercises.

Are, Hour, and Our: Answers to Practice Exercises
The commonly confused words are, hour, and our: answers to practice exercises. Page 2.

Commonly Confused Words: 'Everyone' and 'Every One'
The commonly confused words

Everyone and Every One: Answers to Practice Exercises
The commonly confused words everyone and every one: answers to practice exercises. Page 2.

Commonly Confused Words: Anonymous and Unanimous
The commonly confused words anonymous and unanimous: definitions, examples, and practice exercises.

Anonymous and Unanimous: Answers to Practice Exercises
The commonly confused words anonymous and unanimous: answers to practice exercises. Page 2.

Examples of How Not to Begin an Essay
Here are 10 examples of

Rational, Rationale, Rationalize: Answers to Exercises
The commonly confused words rational, rationale, and rationalize: answers to practice exercises. Page 2.

Confused Words: Rational, Rationale, Rationalize
The commonly confused words rational, rationale, and rationalize: definitions, examples, and practice exercises.

Commonly Confused Words: Hurdle, Hurl, and Hurtle
The commonly confused words hurdle, hurl, and hurtle: definitions, examples, usage notes, and practice exercises.

Hurdle, Hurl, and Hurtle: Answers to Practice Exercises
The commonly confused words hurdle and hurtle: answers to practice exercises. Page 2.

Commonly Confused Words:Appraise and Apprise
The commonly confused words

Appraise and Apprise: Answers to Practice Exercises:
The commonly confused words

Practice in Identifying Prepositional Phrases II
See if you can identify the prepositional phrases used by Ernest Hemingway in this passage from his posthumously published novel 'The Garden of Eden.'

Answers to the 'Garden of Eden' Identification Exercise
Here are the answers to the identification exercise based on Ernest Hemingway's posthumously published novel 'The Garden of Eden.'. Page 2.

Definition and Examples of Putative 'Should' in English
In grammar, putative

Definition and Examples of Reference Grammars
A reference grammar is a work that describes the grammar of a language, providing explanations of the principles that govern the make-up and uses of words, phrases, clauses, and sentences.

Definition and Examples of Subordinate Clauses
A subordinate clause is a group of words that has both a subject and a verb but (unlike an independent clause) cannot stand alone as a sentence.

Concessive: Definition and Examples in English Grammar
A concessive is a subordinating word or phrase that signals a contrast, qualification, or concession in relation to the idea expressed in the main clause.

Definition and Examples of Conditional Clauses
A conditional clause is a clause that expresses a hypothesis or condition, real or imagined.

Definition and Examples of the Topoi in Rhetoric
In rhetoric, the topoi are stock formulas such as puns, proverbs, cause and effect, and comparison, which rhetors use to produce arguments.

Definition and Examples of Panegyric
In rhetoric, a panegyric is a speech or written composition that offers praise for an individual or an institution: an encomium or eulogy.

Definition and Examples of Invective in English
Invective is abusive language that casts blame on someone or something.

The 3 Branches of Classical Rhetoric
Brief explanations of the three branches of rhetoric as defined by Aristotle: deliberative, judicial, and epideictic.

Commonly Confused Words: Interment and Internment
The commonly confused words

Interment and Internment - Answers to Practice Exercises
The commonly confused words

Commonly Confused Words: Material and Materiel
The commonly confused words

Material and Materiel: Answers to Practice Exercises
The commonly confused words

A Brief Guide to Evaluating Your Own Writing
Composing a brief self-evaluation after completing a writing project will make you more aware of your strengths and weaknesses as a writer.

Definition and Examples of Nouns in English
A noun is traditionally defined as the part of speech (or word class) that names or identifies a person, place, thing, quality, or activity.

Definition and Examples of Adjective Clauses in Grammar
An adjective clause is a dependent clause used as an adjective within a sentence.

Grammatical Number in English
In grammar, number refers to the contrast between singular and plural forms of nouns, pronouns, determiners, and verbs.

Definition and Examples of Vogue Words
Vogue words are fashionable words and phrases (such as

Definition and Examples of Business Jargon in English
Business jargon is the specialized language used by members of corporations and bureaucracies. It typically includes buzzwords, vogue words, and euphemisms.

Flammable, Inflammable, and Nonflammable: Answers
The commonly confused words flammable, inflammable, and nonflammable: answers to practice exercises. Page 2.

Confusables: Flammable, Inflammable, and Nonflammable
The commonly confused words flammable, inflammable, and nonflammable: definitions, examples, usage notes, and practice exercises.

Bread, Bred, and Breed: Answers to Practice Exercises
The commonly confused words

Commonly Confused Words: Bread, Bred, and Breed
The commonly confused words

Tasteful and Tasty: Answers to Practice Exercises
The commonly confused words

Commonly Confused Words: Tasteful and Tasty
The commonly confused words

12 Reasons to Keep a Writer's Diary
Twelve notable writers consider the importance of keeping a diary--also called a log, a notebook, a journal, or a commonplace book.

Thesaurus - Definition and Examples
A thesaurus is a book of synonyms, often including related words and antonyms.

Definition and Examples of Overwriting
Overwriting is a wordy writing style characterized by excessive detail, needless repetition, overwrought figures of speech, and convoluted sentence structures.

How to Lead a Disciplined Writing Life
In this installment of Writers on Writing, 10 successful authors share their thoughts on what it means and what it takes to lead a disciplined writing life.

Definition and Examples of a Writer's Notebook
A writer's notebook is a record of impressions, observations, and ideas that may eventually serve as the basis for more formal writings.

Checklist for Editing Paragraphs and Essays
After revising an essay we still need to edit our work. This checklist can serve as a guide when editing paragraphs and essays.

Definition and Examples of Semicolons
The semicolon is a mark of punctuation (;) used to separate independent clauses and suggest a closer relationship between the clauses than a period does.

Definition and Examples of Jargon in English
Jargon is the specialized language of a professional group. Such language is often meaningless to outsiders.

Exercise in Identifying Prepositional Phrases - Basic Sentence Structures - Movie Quotations
This exercise will give you practice in identifying the prepositional phrases in 20 famous movie quotations. Page 2.

Exercise in Identifying Prepositional Phrases
This exercise will give you practice in identifying the prepositional phrases in 20 famous movie quotations.

The Difference Between Good and Bad Writing
Ten writers and editors, ranging from Cicero to Stephen King, offer their thoughts on the differences between good writers and bad writers.

Definition and Examples of Conditional Sentences
A conditional sentence is a type of sentence that expresses one situation as a condition for the occurrence of another situation.

Bernard Levin on Shakespearean Cliches
British journalist Bernard Levin demonstrates that many of today's cliches can be traced back to the writings of William Shakespeare.

Common Editing and Proofreading Marks in Composition
English instructors sometimes use these marks to guide students during the editing and proofreading stages of the writing process.

10 Secrets of Good Writing
There must be a secret to good writing--the kind of writing we enjoy, remember, learn from, and try to imitate. Here are 10 writers' revelations about good writing.

Why it's Not Wrong to End a Sentence With a Preposition
The idea that it's wrong to end a sentence with a preposition is a long-held superstition. Even in our grandparents' day a preposition was not a bad word to end a sentence with.

I and Me - Answers to Practice Exercises
A guide to the commonly confused first-person pronouns

Commonly Confused Words: I and Me
A guide to the commonly confused first-person pronouns

Argumentation and Fallacies: Reductio ad Absurdum
In argumentation and informal logic, reductio ad absurdum is a method of refuting a claim by extending the logic of the opponent's argument to a point of absurdity.

12 Quotations on Learning to Write by Reading
According to Stephen King,

Advice on Writing an Effective Personal Statement
A personal statement is an autobiographical essay that many colleges, universities, and professional schools require as part of the admissions process.

Definition and Examples of Lowercase Letters in English
In the printed alphabet, lowercase letters are small letters (a,b,c . . .) as distinguished from capital letters (A,B,C . . . ).

Commonly Confused Words: Medal, Meddle, Metal, and Mettle
The commonly confused words medal, meddle, metal, and mettle: definitions, examples, and practice exercises.

Commonly Confused Words: Answers to Practice Exercises
The commonly confused words medal, meddle, metal, and mettle: answers to practice exercises. Page 2.

Definition and Examples of False Analogies
A false analogy is a fallacy in which an argument is based on misleading, superficial, or implausible comparisons.

Commonly Confused Words: Carat, Caret, and Carrot
The commonly confused words carat, caret, and carrot: definitions, examples, idiom alerts, and practice exercises.

Carat, Caret, and Carrot: Answers to Practice Exercises
The commonly confused words carat, caret, and carrot: answers to practice exercises. Page 2.

Definition and Examples of Paragraph Breaks In Prose
A paragraph break is a single line space or an indentation (or both) that marks the division between one paragraph and the next in a body of text.

Definition and Examples of the Interrobang
The interrobang is a nonstandard mark of punctuation in the form of a question mark superimposed on an exclamation point.

Definition and Discussion of Genres in Literature
A genre is a category of artistic composition, as in film or literature, marked by a distinctive style, form, or content.

The 5 Canons of Classical Rhetoric
Brief explanations of the five canons of classical rhetoric: invention, arrangement, style, memory, and delivery.

Definition and Examples of Semantic Entailment
In semantics, entailment is the principle that under certain conditions the truth of one statement ensures the truth of a second statement.

The Future Perfect in English: Definition and Examples
In English grammar, the future perfect is a verb form that expresses action completed by a specified time in the future.

Writers on Reading: Quotations In Praise of Books
You don't have to wait for World Book Day (on April 23) to celebrate the pleasures of books and reading.

Contrast in Composition: Definition and Examples
In composition, contrast is a rhetorical strategy in which a writer identifies the differences between two people, places, ideas, or things.

Utterance: Definition and Examples in English
In linguistics, an utterance is a unit of speech. In phonetic terms, it's a stretch of spoken language that's preceded and followed by silence.

Definition and Examples of Duality of Patterning
Duality of patterning is a characteristic of human language whereby speech can be analyzed on two levels.

Slash or Virgule (Punctuation) - Definition & Examples
The slash (or virgule) is a forward sloping line (/) that serves as a mark of punctuation in writing and printing.

Navigation Guide to About.com Grammar and Composition
Over the past 10 years, About.com Grammar and Composition has grown to well over 4,000 pages. Here's how to find the pages you're looking for.

Definition and Methods of Prereading
Prereading is the process of skimming a text to locate key ideas before reading a text (or a chapter of a text) from start to finish.

Definition and Examples of Irony (Figure of Speech)
Irony is the use of words to convey the opposite of their literal meaning.

Definition and Examples of Paronomasia (Punning)
Paronomasia is the rhetorical term for punning, playing with words.

Definition and Examples of Cacozelia and Mingle-Mangle
Cacozelia is a traditional rhetorical term for wordiness--in particular, the excessive use of foreign and archaic words to impress an audience.

Definition and Examples of Verbicide in English
Verbicide literally means

200 Words and Phrases That Ticked You Off in 2010
Since posting our original article on word aversion, we've continued to collect your verbal peeves. Here are the results: 200 words and phrases that ticked you off in 2010.

What Are Cliches and What's Wrong With Them?
Most style guides encourage us to eliminate clichés from our writing, but in practice avoiding cliches can be trickier than it sounds.

Definition and Examples of Irish English
Irish-English is a variety of the English language that is spoken in Ireland.

Definition and Examples of Prepositional Phrases
A prepositional phrase is a group of words made up of a preposition, its object, and any of the object's modifiers.

Definition and Examples of Parsing in English Grammar
Linguistic definitions of parsing in English with examples and discussions.

Definition and Examples of Complex Words in English
A complex word is a word made up of two or more morphemes.

Writers on Writing: The Value of Keeping a Diary, Journal, or Writer's Notebook
For reasons made clear by these eight writers, now is the perfect time to start keeping a diary, journal, or writer's notebook.

Definition and Examples of Recursion in English
Recursion is the repeated sequential use of a particular type of linguistic element or grammatical structure.

Definition and Examples of Tense Shifts in English
Tense shift refers to the change from one verb tense to another (usually from present to past, or vice versa) within a sentence or paragraph.

Definition and Examples of Interior Monologues
An interior monologue is the expression of a character's thoughts, feelings, and impressions in a narrative.

Standard English: Definitions and Controversies
These comments are offered in the spirit of fostering discussion rather than resolving all the many complex issues that surround the term

Definition and Examples of the Complex Question Fallacy
A complex question is a fallacy in which the answer to a given question presupposes a prior answer to a prior question.

The Commonly Confused Words Bathos and Pathos
The commonly confused words

Bathos and Pathos: Answers to Practice Exercises
The commonly confused words

Definition and Examples of Back-Formation
Back-formation is the process of forming a new word (a neologism) by extracting actual or supposed affixes from another word.

Definition and Examples of Word Salad
Word salad refers to the practice of stringing together words that have no apparent connection to one another--a form of incomprehensible speech or writing.

Conclusion - Definition and Examples in Compositions
The

Ten Notes on the Writing Life - Quotations on Writing
These notes on the writing life are intended for serious writers--those who write because they want to, not just when they have to.

Definition and Examples of Footnotes in Research Papers
A footnote is a reference, explanation, or comment placed below the main text on a printed page.

Commonly Confused Abbreviations: Etc. and Et Al.
The commonly confused abbreviations

Etc. and Et al.: Answers to Practice Exercises
The commonly confused abbreviations

Definition and Examples of Words in English
A word is a sound or a combination of sounds, or its representation in writing, that symbolizes and communicates a meaning.

Definition and Examples of Slang in English
Slang is an informal nonstandard variety of speech characterized by newly coined and rapidly changing words and phrases.

Definition and Examples of Constructed Languages
A constructed language is a language, such as Esperanto or Klingon, that has been created by an individual or group.

Definition and Examples of Maxims in English
A maxim is a brief expression of a general truth or rule of conduct. Here are several examples.

Definition and Examples of Plots in Narratives
In fiction and nonfiction, a plot is the sequence of incidents or events in a narrative.

Journal Entry by Henry David Thoreau
This short passage from Thoreau's journal served as the basis for portions of the second chapter of his master work,

'Where I Lived, and What I Lived For' by Henry David Thoreau


How Mark Twain Conquered Stage Fright
In this address, Twain recounts his first public appearance--

Holophrases in Language Acquisition
A holophrase is a single word (such as

Definition and Examples of Double Entendres
A double entendre is a figure of speech in which a word or phrase can be understood in two ways.

Definition and Examples of Endnotes
An endnote is a reference, explanation, or comment placed at the end of an article, research paper, chapter, or book.

Definition and Examples of Sound Bites
A sound bite is a brief excerpt from a text or performance that is meant to capture the interest and attention of an audience.

Definition and Examples of Glossaries in Reports
A glossary is an alphabetized list of specialized terms with their definitions.

Definition and Examples of Metalanguage
Metalanguage is language used in talking about language.

Definition and Examples of Discourse Communities
The term

The Public Sphere in Rhetoric: An Exchange of Ideas
In rhetoric, the public sphere is a physical or (more commonly) virtual place where citizens exchange ideas, information, attitudes, and opinions.

Definition and Examples of Epigrams in English
An epigram is a concise, clever, and often paradoxical statement. Here are several examples.