Grammar & Composition Sitemap - Page 5 2016-09-26

The Symbolism of Poetry, by W.B. Yeats (page three) - Classic British and American Essays - Definition Essay by William Butler Yeats
Yeats's influential essay

Draft Classification Essay: "Types of Shoppers"
After reading this draft of a student's classification essay, respond to the discussion questions at the end. Then compare

Tricky Cases of Subject-Verb Agreement
Though the basic principle of subject-verb agreement is fairly simple, certain cases can trip up even the most experienced writers: (1) making subject and verb agree when words come between them; (2) reaching agreement when the subject is an indefinite pronoun; and (3) making the verbs

Forming the Past Tense of Regular Verbs
Because all regular verbs in the past tense have the same ending, these verb forms are the easiest to remember.

A Sample Comparison and Contrast Essay
This composition combines a narrative frame with a detailed comparison and contrast that relies on two different methods of organization.

Rhetorical Analysis of E B. White's "The Ring of Time"
One way to develop our own essay-writing skills is to examine how professional writers achieve a range of different effects in their work.

Rhetorical Analysis of E. B. White's "The Ring of Time" (page two)
Here you'll find a sample rhetorical analysis of E. B. White's essay

Rhetorical Analysis of E. B. White's "The Ring of Time" (page three)
Here you'll find a sample rhetorical analysis of E. B. White's essay

Short Story Critical Analysis: Sample Essay on "Miss Brill"
After you have finished reading 'Miss Brill' by Katherine Mansfield, compare your response to the short story with the analysis offered in this sample critical essay.

Miss Brill's Fragile Fantasy (page two) - Writing About Short Essays - Composing Critical Essays About Fiction - Sample Critical Analysis
After you have finished reading

Miss Brill, by Katherine Mansfield - Writing About Short Stories
After reading Katherine Mansfield's short story, compare your response to it with the analyses offered in two sample critical essays.

Miss Brill, by Katherine Mansfield (page two) - Writing About Short Stories - Composing Critical Essays About Fiction
In

Buying Online Essays: Three Reasons Not To Plagiarize
Stop right there. You're not going to do it. You're not going to cheat. You're not going to buy an essay or a term paper online. And here's why.

A Revised Classification Essay
Identify the changes that have been made in this revised classification essay, and consider how the essay has been improved as a result.

A Critical Essay on "The Sun Also Rises"
In this short critical essay, the author demonstrates how minor characters shed light on some of the conflicts experienced by the protagonist.

Guidelines for Revising a Composition
This checklist should serve as a helpful guide when it comes time to revise your writing.

Ten Tips for Composing a Successful SAT or ACT Essay
Here are 10 tips for composing an effective essay on a standardized exam.

Compose a Narrative Essay or Personal Statement
This assignment will give you practice in composing a narrative essay based on personal experience--sometimes called a personal statement.

Essay Assignment: Descriptive and Informative Profile
This assignment will give you practice in composing an informative essay based on interviews with your subject.

Essay Sampler - Models of Good Writing (Part 3) - Readings for Writers
Here are another dozen essays and articles--most published within the past century, but one almost 300 years old. These nonfiction texts vividly illustrate the principles of effective writing.

Essay Sampler: Models of Good Writing (Part 4) - Readings for Writers - Jack London, E.B. White, Gore Vidal, Zadie Smith
Our fourth installment of the Essay Sampler offers another dozen essays and articles that illustrate the principles of effective writing.

Essay Sampler: Models of Good Writing (Part 1)
The authors of these 12 essays include the most famous American essayist of the 19th century, Ralph Waldo Emerson, and three of the finest essayists of the 20th century--Virginia Woolf, George Orwell, and E. B. White.

Draft, Develop, and Organize a Descriptive Paragraph
Here's a basic three-step model you can follow when organizing a descriptive paragraph.

Evaluating a Narrative Paragraph - From Freewriting to Draft
By showing how one student turned an exercise in freewriting into a coherent draft, this article should help you compose your own narrative paragraph.

Evaluating a Narrative Paragraph (page two) - From Freewriting to Draft - Sample Student Paragraph - Narration - How to Write and Revise a Narrative
By showing how one student turned an exercise in freewriting into a coherent draft, this article should help you compose your own narrative paragraph. Page 2.

Exercise in Building and Connecting Sentences
This sentence-building exercise offers practice in applying the principles introduced in Coherence Strategies: Transitional Words and Phrases.

Exercise in Organizing a Descriptive Paragraph
This exercise will give you practice in organizing a descriptive paragraph.

Exercise in Building and Connecting Sentences - Combining Sentences with Transitional Words and Phrases - Coherence and Cohesion
This sentence-building exercise offers practice in applying the principles introduced in Coherence Strategies: Transitional Words and Phrases. Page 2.

Exercise in Organizing a Descriptive Paragraph (2)
This exercise will give you practice in organizing a descriptive paragraph. Page 2.

A Vigorous Prose Style, by Henry David Thoreau
In this metaphorically rich passage, Thoreau discusses the virtues of a plain writing style.

A Vigorous Prose Style by Henry David Thoreau (page two) - From "A Week on the Concord and Merrimack Rivers"
In this metaphorically rich passage, Thoreau discusses the virtues of a plain writing style. Page 2.

Excerpt from Style by Walter Pater
In the opening pages of the essay

Poetry in Prose - Walter Pater on the Imaginative Literature of Fact (page 2) - Essays on Style - Pater on Creative Nonfiction
In the opening pages of the essay

Mark Twain on James Fenimore Cooper's Literary Offences
In one of the best known critical essays in English, Mark Twain comically attacks the renowned author of The Deerslayer.

Mark Twain on James Fenimore Cooper's Literary Offences
In one of the best known critical essays in English, Mark Twain comically attacks the renowned author of The Deerslayer. Page 2.

Mark Twain on James Fenimore Cooper's Literary Offences
In one of the best known critical essays in English, Mark Twain comically attacks the renowned author of The Deerslayer. Page 3.

Mark Twain on James Fenimore Cooper's Literary Offences
In one of the best known critical essays in English, Mark Twain comically attacks the renowned author of The Deerslayer. Page 4.

Mark Twain on James Fenimore Cooper's Literary Offences
In one of the best known critical essays in English, Mark Twain comically attacks the renowned author of The Deerslayer. Page 5.

What Is Good English? by George Philip Krapp
Professor George Krapp's engaging response to the question

12 Tips for Improving Online Writing - How to Write Better Blogs
Most online reading is actually skimming and scanning. So to grab and hold our readers' attention, we can't afford to waste words.

The Advantages of Reading Aloud
Here we find out that reading hasn't always been a silent activity and that the experience of reading aloud can be enjoyed by people at any age.

An Apostrophe Exercise With Possessive Nouns
This exercise will give you practice in applying some of the principles introduced in

Creating Sentences With Commas: Punctuation Practice
This sentence-imitation exercise will give you practice in applying our Top Four Guidelines for Using Commas Effectively.

Creating Sentences With Semicolons, Colons, and Dashes
This sentence-imitation exercise will give you practice in applying our guidelines for using Semicolons, Colons, and Dashes.

Answers to the Apostrophe Exercise With Possessive Nouns
This exercise will give you practice in applying some of the principles introduced in

Punctuation Practice: Commas, Quotes, Colons, Dashes
This exercise offers practice in applying the basic guidelines for using punctuation marks--in particular, commas, quotation marks, colons, and dashes.

Punctuation Practice: Lost in the Witchcrafted Woods - Using Commas, Quotation Marks, Colons, and Dashes - Original Paragraph
This exercise offers practice in using commas, quotation marks, colons, and dashes. Here's the paragraph that served as the model for the exercise on page one. Page 2.

Introduction to the Basic Rules of Punctuation
Understanding the principles behind the marks of punctuation should help us use the marks consistently in our own writing

The Misuse of Quotation Marks
Lately quotation marks have been appearing in some unexpected places. Some of these

(Review Exercise) Punctuating Sentences Correctly
It's time to find out how well you can apply the guidelines for using punctuation marks correctly and effectively.

Review Exercise - Punctuating Sentences Correctly - Answers to Punctuation Exercise
It's time to find out how well you can apply the guidelines for using punctuation marks correctly and effectively. Here are the answers to the punctuation review exercise. Page 2.

Personification - Examples in Literature
Examples of personification (an inanimate object given human qualities) in poems and stories (page 2).

What Is Personification? - Definition and Examples
In essays and advertisements, poems and stories, personification is used to convey attitudes, promote products, and illustrate ideas.

Guidelines for Using Semicolons Effectively
Stronger than a comma, less forceful than a period (or full stop): put simply, that's the nature of the semicolon. It's a mark, Lewis Thomas says, that offers

Postal and Traditional State Abbreviations
A table of the postal (or ZIP code) abbreviations for all 50 states along with their older (or traditional) abbreviations.

The Myles na Gopaleen Catechism of Cliché by Brian O'Nolan
Enjoy these excerpts from Irish author Brian O'Nolan's

Quiz on Hurston's 'How It Feels to Be Colored Me'
Take this multiple-choice review quiz on Zora Neale Hurston's personal declaration of independence, the essay

Answers to the Quiz on 'How It Feels to Be Colored Me'
Answers to a multiple-choice review quiz on Zora Neale Hurston's personal declaration of independence, the essay

Reading Quiz on the Gettysburg Address by Abraham Lincoln
Test your knowledge of the speech that has been characterized as both a prose poem and a prayer.

13 Different Types of Metaphors
All of us, every day, speak, write, and think in metaphors. Here are 13 types of metaphors, with links to examples and extended definitions.

Bdelygmia: The Perfect Rant - Examples of Invective
The rhetorical device of bdelygmia is a form of invective: an exuberant rant, a litany of disparaging remarks, a string of stinging criticisms.

Ancient Definitions of Rhetoric
Modern theories of oral and written communication remain heavily influenced by the basic rhetorical principles introduced in ancient Greece by Isocrates and Aristotle, and in Rome by Cicero and Quintilian. Here, we'll briefly introduce these key figures and identify some of their central ideas.

Definitions of Rhetoric in Ancient Greece and Rome (page two)
Modern theories of oral and written communication remain heavily influenced by the basic rhetorical principles introduced in ancient Greece by Isocrates and Aristotle, and in Rome by Cicero and Quintilian. Here, we'll briefly introduce these key figures and identify some of their central ideas. Page 2.

How to Use Sentence Fragments Effectively
On occasion, sentence fragments may be used deliberately to create a variety of powerful effects.

Effective Rhetorical Strategies of Repetition
When it came to practicing effective strategies of repetition, ancient rhetoricians had a big bag full of tricks. Those tricks can still come in handy.

Reading Quiz on the Gettysburg Address by Abraham Lincoln (page two)
Here are the answers to our multiple-choice quiz on Lincoln's Gettysburg Address. Page 2.

William Hazlitt on Style - Classic British Essays
In this excerpt from

"House" Calls - The Metaphors of Dr. Gregory House
The deeply disturbed protagonist of 'House, M.D.' is inclined to deliver inflammatory eructations of festering figures of speech. That is, he can snap off your head with the sharp edge of a metaphor.

Definitions and Interpretations of Rhetorical Irony


What Is Irony? (page 2) - Observations on Irony - Definitions and Interpretations of Irony - Rhetorical Terms and Quotations
To encourage further speculation, we've gathered a variety of definitions and interpretations of irony, both ancient and modern. Page 2.

What Is Irony? (page 3) - Observations on Irony - Definitions and Interpretations of Irony - Rhetorical Terms and Quotations
To encourage further speculation (rather than reduce this complex trope to simplistic explanations), we've gathered a variety of definitions and interpretations of irony, both ancient and modern. On pages three and four, we listen to a number of contemporary writers discuss what irony means in our own time. Page 3.

What Is Irony? (page four) - Observations on Irony - Definitions and Interpretations of Irony - Rhetorical Terms and Quotations
To encourage further speculation (rather than reduce this complex trope to simplistic explanations), we've gathered a variety of definitions and interpretations of irony, both ancient and modern. On these pages, we listen to a number of contemporary writers discuss what irony means in our own time. Page 4.

"Literature and the Schoolma'm," by H.L. Mencken - Classic American Essays
Among Mencken's most devoted readers are the selfsame

"Literature and the Schoolma'm," by H.L. Mencken (page two) - Classic American Essays
Among Mencken's most devoted readers are the selfsame

"Murder Your Darlings" by Quiller-Couch - Style Guide
In these excerpts from his lecture on style, Quiller-Couch discusses the dangers of

"Murder Your Darlings": Quiller-Couch on Style (page two)
In these excerpts from his lecture on style, Quiller-Couch discusses the dangers of

Big Quiz on Figures of Speech in Advertising Slogans
In this review quiz, we have collected 35 of the best known slogans introduced by advertisers over the past century. Your job is to choose the one figure of speech that each slogan most clearly illustrates.

Quiz on Figures of Speech in Advertising Slogans - Advertising Figures - Answers - Figurative Language
In this review quiz, we have collected 35 of the best known slogans introduced by advertisers over the past century. Your job is to choose the one figure of speech that each slogan most clearly illustrates. Page 2.

Parables and Proverbs on "The Sopranos" - Wiseguy Rhetoric
It's been several years since we said

On the Style of Jonathan Swift, by Samuel Johnson
After reading Swift's

What Is a Tricolon in Rhetoric?
A tricolon is a series of three parallel words, phrases, or clauses. It's a simple enough structure, yet potentially a powerful one.

20 Metaphors About Time
If you put any trust in proverbs, you already know that time heals, steals, and flies. Here, if you have the time to spare, are 20 metaphorical definitions of time.

Kurt Vonnegut on Writing With Style
Novelist Kurt Vonnegut, Jr., offers some deceptively simple principles on writing with style.

Cohesion Exercise: Using Transitional Words and Phrases
This sentence-combining exercise will give you an opportunity to apply the techniques discussed in the article Cohesion Strategies: Transitional Words and Phrases.

Cohesion Exercise: Using Transitions (2)
After you have completed the ten sets in the Cohesion Exercise: Combining and Connecting Sentences, compare your sentences with the originals below. Page 2.

Prepositional Phrases Sentence Building Exercise
By combining and rearranging prepositional phrases in this exercise, you will continue to apply the basic strategies outlined in Introduction to Sentence Combining.

Sentence Building with Absolutes in English
These sentence combining exercises will give you an opportunity to apply the strategies introduced in Building Sentences with Absolute Phrases.

Sentence Building with Prepositional Phrases - Combining Sentences with Prepositional Phrases
By combining and rearranging prepositional phrases in this exercise, you will continue to apply the basic strategies outlined in Introduction to Sentence Combining. Page 2.

Sentence Combining With Absolutes
These sentence combining exercises will give you an opportunity to apply the strategies introduced in Building Sentences with Absolute Phrases. Page 2.

A Definition of Pantomime, by Julian Barnes - Scrapbook of Styles - Passages for Rhetorical Analysis
In this excerpt from the essay

Hyperbole in Martin Amis's "Money" - Crots, Tricolons, and Hyperbole in Martin Amis's Prose
Note the effects created by hyperbole, tricolons, and crots in these two paragraphs from Martin Amis's novel

Ritual in Maya Angelou's "Caged Bird" - Scrapbook of Styles
In these paragraphs from the first volume of her autobiography,

Hypotaxis in Baldwin's "Notes of a Native Son" - Sentence Structures in James Baldwin's Prose
In this excerpt from the essay

Hyperbole in Dave Barry's "Revenge of the Pork Person" - Scrapbook of Styles
As you read these excerpts from a column composed in the mid-1980s, decide for yourself whether Dave Barry may still be telling the truth even when he is making things up.

Paralepsis in Benchley's "The Tooth" - Scrapbook of Styles - "The Tooth, the Whole Tooth, and Nothing but the Tooth," by Robert Benchley
In this passage from

An Extended Definition of Happiness
In this excerpt from his memoir Report to Greco (1965), Kazantzakis recounts an experience that for him illustrated the meaning of happiness.

Hemingway's Use of Repetition in "In Another Country"
The first two paragraphs of Ernest Hemingway's short story

Absolutes and Participles in Shaw's "The Eighty-Yard Run"
In this paragraph from

New York City Passages - Morrison's New York in the 1920s
Appearing early in Toni Morrison's

Stephen King's Use of Cause & Effect - Passages for Analysis
In this passage Stephen King examines the causes and effects of an experience that points to the

A Description of the Barracks in Block 16 of Manzanar
The memoir

The Historical Present in 'Angela's Ashes'" by Frank McCourt - Scrapbook of Styles
Narrated in the present tense, McCourt's memoir provides a lyrical and painful account of growing up in Limerick, Ireland.

The Use of Examples in 'Under the Influence'
In the following passage, Scott Russell Sanders uses a series of concise examples to demonstrate his point that what had once seemed

Passage From a Short Story by George Saunders - Cumulative Sentences
In these two paragraphs from his short story

David Sedaris's Description of a Nudist Trailer Park
In this excerpt from the essay

Process Analysis in Richard Selzer's Essay "The Knife"
In these paragraphs from

Contrast and Hyperbole in Jean Shepherd's "Endless Streetcar Ride" - Scrapbook of Styles - Prose Style of Jean Shepherd
Here, in the essay-like introduction to

Barbara Tuchman's Descriptive History - The Black Death
In these two paragraphs from

Descriptive Details in Wallace Stegner's 'Town Dump'
In these five paragraphs from his memoir

Parataxis in Steinbeck's "Paradox and Dream" - Coordination
John Steinbeck's paratactic sentence style (heavy on coordination, light on dependent clauses) is illustrated in this excerpt from a well-known essay.

Identification and Ethopoeia in an Essay by George Orwell
In Orwell's essay

The Running Style in Lewis Thomas's "On Cloning" - Scrapbook of Styles - Passages for Rhetorical Analysis
Lewis Thomas's seemingly casual, almost spontaneous way of writing fits the definition of the running style.

Passage from Thurber's "University Days"
In this paragraph from James Thurber's autobiography, notice how he maintains our interest by varying the length of his sentences.

Examples in Frank Trippett's "Loaded Words" - Scrapbook of Styles
In the following paragraphs from his essay

John Updike's Descriptive Narrative - Passage from "Hub Fans Bid Kid Adieu"
In these excerpts from his report on the last ball game played by Ted Williams, John Updike demonstrates his mastery of narrative and descriptive prose.

Comparison in Sarah Vowell's Place Description - Passages for Analysis
Sarah Vowell conveys distinct impressions of her father and herself by describing—and comparing—their different work spaces at home.

Sometime, Some time, and Sometimes - Glossary of Usage
The commonly confused words

Than and Then - Glossary of Usage
The commonly confused words

Sometime, Some time, and Sometimes - Glossary of Usage
The commonly confused words

Than and Then - Glossary of Usage
The commonly confused words

Their, There, and They're - Commonly Confused Words
The commonly confused words their, there, and they're: definitions, examples, and practice exercises.

To, Too, and Two - Definitions, Examples, Exercises
The commonly confused words to, too, and two: definitions, examples, and practice exercises.

Which 'Webster's Dictionary' Is the Real Thing?
Any one of us is free to publish a dictionary with

Who, Which, and That - Glossary of Usage
The commonly confused words who, which, and that: definitions, examples, usage notes, and practice exercises

Who and Whom: Definitions, Examples, and Exercises
The commonly confused relative pronouns

Whose and Who's - Glossary of Usage
The commonly confused words whose and who's: definitions, examples, usage notes, and practice exercises.

Confused Words Who, Which, and That
The commonly confused words who, which, and that: answers to practice exercises. Page 2.

Answers to Who and Whom Exercises
The commonly confused relative pronouns

Whose and Who's - Answers to Practice Exercises
The commonly confused words whose and who's: answers to practice exercises. Page 2.

Their, There, and They're - Glossary of Usage - Commonly Confused Words - Answers to Practice Exercises
The commonly confused words

To, Too, and Two - Glossary of Usage
The preposition

Five Words That May Not Mean What You Think They Mean
Here we consider five words that may not mean what you think they mean: literally, fulsome, ravel, peruse, and plethora.

Your and You're - Glossary of Usage


Writers on Writing - Anthony Burgess on the English Language
Language, says Anthony Burgess,

E.B. White's Drafts of "Once More to the Lake"
It's remarkable what a good writer like E.B. White can do with such a seemingly dull subject as how I spent my summer vacation.

Your and You're - Glossary of Usage - Commonly Confused Words in English - Your versus You're - Answers to Practice Exercises


Virginia Woolf on Keeping a Journal - Writers on Writing


Writers on English Spelling - English and American Views - Quotations on Writing and Spelling
English spelling is complicated, inconsistent, and often downright ornery. But don't take our word for it. Consider what some well-known writers have had to say about English orthography.

Writers on English Spelling (page two) - English and American Views - Quotations on Writing and Spelling
English spelling is complicated, inconsistent, and often downright ornery. But don't take our word for it. Consider what some well-known writers have had to say about English orthography. Page 2.

How to Keep a Writer's Journal
As you work to shape a positive attitude toward writing, consider the value of keeping a journal.

Advice on Writing - Writers' Quotations on Writing
When faced with a major project, most of us like to rely on experts for advice. As shown here, professional writers have a lot to tell us about the writing process.

Advice on Writing - From One Writer to Another
More advice on writing from professional writers, past and present.

What Is Brainstorming? - Discovery Strategies
Brainstorming is a group project that's especially useful for generating, focusing, and organizing ideas for an essay or a report.

The Basic Characteristics of Effective Writing
Good writing is much more than just correct writing. It's writing that responds directly to the interests and needs of our readers.

Complements in English Grammar
In grammar, a complement is a word or word group that completes the predicate in a sentence.

Compound Sentence Definition and Examples - Grammar
A compound sentence is a sentence that contains at least two independent clauses.

Definition and Examples of Complex Prepositions
A complex preposition is a word group (such as

Compound Subject - Definition and Examples in Grammar
A compound subject is a subject made up of two or more simple subjects that are joined by a coordinating conjunction and that have the same predicate.

Conceptual Metaphor - Definition and Examples
A conceptual metaphor involves the understanding of one idea (or conceptual domain) in terms of another.

Definition and Examples of Conceptual Domains
In studies of metaphor, a conceptual domain is the representation of any coherent segment of experience, such as the concepts of love or journeys.

Concrete Noun - Definition and Examples
A concrete noun is a noun (such as

Definition and Examples of Confirmatio(n) in Rhetoric
Confirmation is the main part of a speech or text in which logical arguments in support of a position are elaborated.

Conjunctive Adverb - Definition and Examples
A conjunctive adverb is an adverb that indicates the relationship in meaning between two independent clauses.

conjunction - definition and examples in English
A conjunction is the part of speech that serves to connect words, phrases, clauses, or sentences.

controlled English - definitions and examples


Connotation (of Words) - Definition and Examples
Connotation refers to the emotional implications and associations that a word may carry.

Consonance - Definition and Examples in English
Broadly defined, consonance is the repetition of consonant sounds; more specifically, it's the repetition of the final consonant sounds of accented syllables.

Constraints - Definition and Examples in Rhetoric
In rhetoric, constraints are those factors that restrict the persuasive strategies or opportunities available to a speaker or writer.

Content Word - Definition and Examples of Lexical Words
A content (or lexical) word is one that conveys information in a text or speech act.

Linguistic and Social Contexts: Definition and Examples
Context refers to the words and sentences that surround any part of a discourse and that help to determine its meaning.

Contraction - Definition and Examples in English
A contraction is a shortened form of a word or group of words, with the missing letters usually marked by an apostrophe.

conventional metaphor - definition and examples in English
A conventional metaphor is a familiar comparison that does not call attention to itself as a figure of speech.

Definition and Examples of the Cooperative Principle
The cooperative principle is the assumption that participants in a conversation normally attempt to be informative, truthful, relevant, and clear.

Coordinating Conjunction - Definition and Examples
A coordinating conjunction is a conjunction that joins two similarly constructed and/or syntactically equal words or phrases or clauses.

Definition and Examples of Count Nouns in English
A count noun is a noun that refers to an object or idea that can form a plural or occur in a noun phrase with an indefinite article or with numerals.

creative metaphor - definition and examples
A creative metaphor is an original comparison between two unlike things that calls attention to itself as a figure of speech.

Creative Nonfiction - Definition and Examples
A branch of writing that employs the literary techniques usually associated with fiction or poetry to report on actual persons, places, or events.

cryptonym - definition and examples of cryptonym
A cryptonym is a word or name that is secretly used to refer to a particular person, place, activity, or thing; a code word or name.

Cumulative Sentence - Definition and Examples
A cumulative sentence is a main clause followed by a series of subordinate constructions that gather details about a person, place, event, or idea.

current-traditional rhetoric - definition and examples
Current-traditional rhetoric is a disparaging term for the textbook-based methods of composition instruction popular in the U.S. during the first two-thirds of the 20th century.

Cut Spelling - Definition and Examples in English
Cut spelling is a simplified version of English spelling that omits letters not needed to represent pronunciation.

Dangling Modifier - Definition and Examples
A dangling modifier is a word or phrase (commonly a participle or a participial phrase) that doesn't actually modify the word it's intended to modify.

Dash (Mark of Punctuation) - Definition and Examples
The dash is a mark of punctuation used to set off a word or phrase after an independent clause or to set off a parenthetical remark.

Dead Metaphor - Definition and Examples
A dead metaphor has been traditionally defined as a figure of speech that has lost its force and imaginative effectiveness through frequent use.

declarative sentence - definition and examples
A declarative sentence is a sentence in the form of a statement (in contrast to a command, a question, or an exclamation).

Definition and Examples of Decorum in Rhetoric
In rhetoric, decorum is the use of a style that is appropriate to a subject, situation, speaker, or audience.

The Meaning of "Definitions" - Language Glossary
A definition is a statement of the meaning of a word or phrase. As a method of exposition, a definition may be brief or extended.

Deduction: Definition & Examples of Deductive Arguments
Deduction is a method of reasoning in which a conclusion follows necessarily from the stated premises.

Definition and Uses of the Definite Article in English
In English, the definite article is a determiner that refers to particular nouns. Here are examples of how

Deliberative Rhetoric - Definition and Examples
Speech or writing that attempts to persuade an audience to take (or not take) some action.

delivery - definition and examples of delivery in rhetoric
One of the five traditional parts or canons of rhetoric, delivery is concerned with control of voice and gestures.

Definition and Examples of Demonstrative Rhetoric
Demonstrative rhetoric is speech or writing that aims to bring a group together.

Grammar: Demonstratives (This, These, That, Those)
In grammar, a demonstrative is a determiner or pronoun that points to a particular noun or to the noun it replaces.

demonym - definition and examples in English
A demonym is a name for the people who live in a particular place.

Dependent Clause - Definition and Examples in English
A dependent clause is a group of words that has both a subject and a verb but (unlike an independent clause) cannot stand alone as a sentence.

Definition and Examples of Evidence in Arguments
In argumentation, evidence refers to facts, documentation, or testimony used to strengthen a claim, support an argument, or reach a conclusion.

Example (Composition) - Definition and Illustrations
Exemplification is a method of paragraph or essay development by which a writer clarifies, explains, or justifies a point through narrative or informative details.

Definition and Examples of Exophora in English
Exophora is the use of a pronoun or other word or phrase to refer to someone or something outside the text.

Definition and Examples of Extended Metaphor
An extended metaphor is a comparison between two unlike things that continues throughout a series of sentences in a paragraph or lines in a poem.

Definition and Examples of Eye Dialect in English
Eye dialect is the representation of regional or dialectal variations by spelling words in nonstandard ways.

Fable - Definition and Examples
A fable is a short narrative meant to teach a moral lesson.

Fallacy - Definition and Examples of Logical Fallacies
A fallacy is an error in reasoning that renders an argument invalid.

Definition and Examples of False Friends in Language
False friends is an informal term in linguistics for pairs of words in two languages that look and/or sound the same but have different meanings.

Familiar Essay - Definition and Examples
A familiar essay is a short prose composition characterized by the personal quality of the writing and the distinctive persona of the essayist.

Figurative Language - Definition and Examples
Figurative language is language in which figures of speech (such as metaphors, similes, and hyperbole) freely occur.

Figures of Speech - Definition and Examples
The figures of speech are the various rhetorical uses of language that depart from customary construction, order, or significance.

Finite Verb - Definition and Examples
A finite verb is a form of the verb that shows agreement with a subject and is marked for tense.

Flashback - Definition and Examples in Creative Nonfiction
A flashback is a shift in a narrative to an earlier event that interrupts the normal chronological development of a story.

Free Morphemes in English: Definition and Examples
A free morpheme is a word element that can stand alone.

Definition of Freewriting in English Composition
Freewriting is a discovery strategy intended to encourage the development of ideas without concern for the conventional rules of writing.

Fronting (Grammar) - Definition and Examples
Fronting is any construction in which a word group that customarily follows the verb is placed at the beginning of a sentence.

gambler's fallacy - definition and examples
The gambler's fallacy is a fallacy in which an inference is drawn on the assumption that a series of chance events will determine the outcome of a subsequent event.

Definition and Examples of the Genitive Case in English
The genitive is the case (or function) of an inflected form of a noun or pronoun showing ownership, measurement, association, or source.

generification - definition and examples of generification
Generification is the process of using specific brand names of products as names for the products in general.

generic pronoun - definition and examples in English grammar
A generic pronoun is a personal pronoun (such as

Glottal Stop: Definition and Examples in Phonetics
In phonetics, a glottal stop is a stop sound made by rapidly closing the vocal cords.

Gobbledygook - Definition and Examples
Gobbledygook is inflated, jargon-cluttered prose that fails to communicate clearly.

gradatio - definition and examples of gradatio in rhetoric
Gradatio is a sentence construction in which the last word(s) of one clause becomes the first of the next, through three or more clauses.

gradience - definition and examples in English
Gradience is the quality of indeterminacy (or blurred boundaries) on a graduated scale connecting two linguistic elements.

grammatical meaning - definition and examples in English
Grammatical meaning is the meaning that is conveyed in sentences by word order and other grammatical signals.

Grammar in English - Definition and Examples
Grammar is the systematic study and description of a language.

Grammatical Category - Definition and Examples
A grammatical category is a class of units (such as noun and verb) or features (such as number and case) that share a common set of grammatical properties.

grammatical metaphor - definition and examples
Grammatical metaphor involves the substitution of one grammatical class or structure for another.

Grapheme - Definition, Examples and Observations
A letter of the alphabet, a mark of punctuation, or any other individual symbol in a writing system.

Heteronyms - Definition and Examples
Heteronyms are two or more words with the same spelling but different pronunciations and meanings.

homoioteleuton--definition and examples in English
The figure of sound known as homoioteleuton refers to similar sound endings to words, phrases, or sentences.

Definition and Examples of Hyperbole
Hyperbole is a figure of speech in which exaggeration is used for emphasis or effect; an extravagant statement.

Homophones - Definition and Examples in English
Homophones are two or more words that are pronounced the same but differ in meaning, origin, and often spelling.

Definition and Examples of Hypercorrection in English
Hypercorrection is a pronunciation or a grammatical construction produced by mistaken analogy with standard usage out of a desire to be correct.

Hyperbaton - Definition and Examples in Rhetoric
Hyperbaton is a figure of speech that uses deviation from normal or logical word order to produce an effect.

Hypernym - Definition and Examples in English
Hypernym is a linguistic term for a word whose meaning includes the meanings of other words.

Definition and Uses of the Hyphen in English
The hyphen is a short horizontal mark of punctuation used between the parts of a compound word.

hypocrisis - definition and examples of hypocrisis
Hypocrisis is a rhetorical term for (1) exaggerating the speech habits of others, and (2) the delivery of a speech.

Hyponym - Definition and Examples
In linguistics, a hyponym is a term used to designate a member of a class.

hysteron proteron - definition and examples of the figure of speech
Hysteron proteron is a figure of speech in which the natural or conventional order of words, actions, or ideas is reversed.

Illocutionary Force - Definition and Examples in English
In speech-act theory, illocutionary force refers to a speaker's intention in delivering an utterance or to the kind of illocutionary act the speaker is performing.

Definition and Examples of Illustration in Composition
In rhetoric and composition, illustration is the use of examples to explain, clarify, or justify.

Imagery - Definition and Examples
Imagery is vivid descriptive language that appeals to one or more of the senses (sight, hearing, touch, smell, and taste).

Imperative Mood - Definition and Examples in English
Imperative mood is the form of the verb that makes direct commands and requests.

Composing With an Implied Audience in Mind
The term implied audience refers to the readers or listeners imagined by a writer or speaker before and during the composition of a text.

inanimate noun - definition and examples of inanimate nouns
An inanimate noun is a semantic category of noun that refers to a place, thing, or idea--not a person, animal, or other creature.

Indefinite Articles - Definition and Examples
In English, an indefinite article is the determiner

Indention or Indentation- Definition and Examples
The blank space between a margin and the beginning of a line of text.

Indirect Object - Definition and Examples
An indirect object is a noun or pronoun that indicates to whom or for whom the action of a verb in a sentence is performed.

Indirect Question - Definition and Examples
A sentence that reports a question and ends with a period rather than a question mark.

Definition and Examples of Indirect Quotations
An indirect quotation is a paraphrase of someone else's words. An indirect quotation is not placed in quotation marks.

Induction - Definition and Examples
Induction is a method of reasoning by which a speaker or writer collects a number of instances and forms a generalization that is meant to apply to all instances.

Definition and Examples of Inferences in Arguments
Inference is the process of deriving logical conclusions from premises known or assumed to be true.

Infinitives - Definition and Examples in English
An infinitive is a base form of a verb (often preceded by the particle

Definition and Examples of Informal Logic
Informal logic is a broad term for any of the various methods of analyzing and evaluating arguments used in everyday life.

Innuendo: Definition and Examples in English
Innuendo is a subtle or indirect observation about a person or thing, usually of a salacious, critical, or disparaging nature.

Intensive Pronoun - Definition and Examples in English
In English grammar, an intensive pronoun is a pronoun that serves to emphasize its antecedent.

Interrupting Phrase - Definition and Examples
An interrupting phrase is a word group that interrupts the flow of a sentence and is usually set off by commas, dashes, or parentheses.

Interrogative Pronoun - Definition and Examples
In traditional grammar, an interrogative pronoun is a pronoun that introduces a question.

Interrogative - Definition and Examples
An interrogative word is a word that introduces a question that can't be simply answered with yes or no.

interrogative sentence - definition and examples
An interrogative sentence is a sentence that asks a question.

Intransitive Verbs Definition and Examples
An intransitive verb is a verb that does not take a direct object.

invented ethos - definition and examples in rhetoric
In classical rhetoric, invented ethos is a type of proof that relies on the qualities of a speaker's character that are conveyed by his or her discourse.

Rhetorical Invention - Definition and Examples
In composition and rhetoric, invention is the discovery of the resources for persuasion inherent in any given rhetorical problem.

Italics - Definition, Usage, and Examples


Journalese - Definition and Examples
Journalese is an informal, often pejorative term for a style of writing and word choice found in many newspapers and magazines.

Lexeme - Definition, Etymology and Examples
A lexeme is the fundamental unit of the lexicon (or word stock) of a language.

liberal arts - definition and examples
The liberal arts are academic studies intended to develop general intellectual abilities as opposed to occupational skills.

Linguistics - Definition and Major Subfields
Linguistics is the systematic study of the nature, structure, and variation of language.

Linking Verb - Definition and Examples
A linking verb is a verb that joins the subject of a sentence to a word or phrase that tells something about the subject.

Litotes - Definition and Examples in English
Litotes is a figure of speech consisting of an understatement in which an affirmative is expressed by negating its opposite.

loan shift - definition and examples of loan shifts
A loan shift is a change in the meaning of an established native word to accommodate a new concept acquired from another language.

Muphry's Law - definition and examples in grammar
Muphry's Law is the principle that any criticism of the speech or writing of others will itself contain at least one error of usage or spelling.

Matrix Clause - Definition and Examples
In linguistics (and in generative grammar in particular), a matrix clause is a clause that contains a subordinate clause.

Medium - Definition and Examples
In the communication process, medium is (1) a channel or system of communication, or (2) the means of transmitting information between a sender and a receiver.

Memorandum (Memo) Definition and Example
A short message or record used for internal communication in a business.

Definition and Examples of Memory in Classical Rhetoric
Memory is the fourth of the traditional five parts or canons of rhetoric--that which considers methods and devices to aid and improve the memory.

mental lexicon - definition and examples in English
In psycholinguistics, mental lexicon refers to a person's internalized knowledge of the properties of words.

metaphor - definitions and examples - figures of speech
A metaphor is a figure of speech in which an implicit comparison is made between two unlike things that actually have something in common.

Metathesis Definition (Phonetics and Phonology)
Definition and examples of metathesis in phonetics and phonology.

Modern English - Linguistic Definition
Modern English refers to the English language since about 1450 or 1500.

Neologism - Definition and Examples
A neologism is a newly coined word, expression, or usage.

Nonce: Definition and Examples (English Grammar)
A nonce word is a word coined or used for a special occasion.

noncount noun - definition and examples in English
A noncount noun (or mass noun) is a noun that refers to something which can't be counted or divided.

Nonfiction - Definition and Examples of Real Stories
Nonfiction is a blanket term for prose accounts of real people, places, objects, or events.

Object - Definition and Examples in English Grammar
In grammar, an object is a noun, noun phrase, or pronoun that's affected by the action of a verb or that completes the meaning of a preposition.

Object of a Preposition - Definition and Examples
The object of a preposition is a noun or a pronoun that follows a preposition and completes its meaning.

oratory - definition and examples in rhetoric
Oratory is the ancient art of public speaking.

Oxymoron - Definition and Examples (Figure of Speech)
An oxymoron is a figure of speech in which incongruous or seemingly contradictory terms appear side by side.

Palindrome - Definition and Examples
A palindrome is a type of word play in which a word, phrase, or sentence reads the same backward or forward.

pangram - definition and examples in English
A pangram is a sentence that uses all the letters of the alphabet.

Parable - Definition and Examples of Parables
A parable is a story, usually short and simple, that illustrates a lesson.

Paragraph - Definition and Examples in English
A paragraph is a group of closely related sentences that develop a central idea.

Paraphrase - Definition of Grammar Terms
A paraphrase is a restatement of a text in another form or other words, often to clarify meaning.

Parole - Linguistic Definition and Examples
In linguistics, parole is the individual expressions of language in contrast to langue, language as an abstract system of signs.

Main Clause - Definition and Examples in English Grammar
A main clause is a group of words, made up of a subject and a predicate, that can stand alone as a sentence.

Particle - Definition and Examples in English Grammar
A particle is a word that does not change its form through inflection and does not easily fit into the established system of parts of speech.

Past Participle - Definition and Examples
The past participle is the third principal part of a verb, created by adding -ed, -d, or -t to the base form of a regular verb.

Persona - Definition and Examples
Persona is the voice or mask that an author, speaker, or performer puts on for a particular purpose.

Definition and Examples of Personification
Personification is a figure of speech in which an inanimate object or abstraction is endowed with human qualities or abilities.

Definition and Examples of Pied-Piping in Grammar
In transformational grammar, pied-piping is the syntactic process by which one element in a clause drags other words along with it.

Definition and Examples of Verbal Placeholders
A placeholder is a word used by speakers to signal that they don't know or can't remember a more precise word for something.

ploce--definitions and examples of ploce
Ploce is a rhetorical term for the repetition of a word or name, often with a different sense, after the intervention of one or more other words.

Plural - Definition and Examples
In grammar, the plural is the form of a noun that typically denotes more than one person, thing, or instance.

polarity - definition and examples of polarity in English
In linguistics, polarity is the distinction between positive and negative forms.

Definition and Examples of Portmanteau Words in English
A portmanteau word is a word formed by the blending of two or more other words.

Definition and Examples of Prepositions in English
A preposition is a word that indicates the relationship between a noun or pronoun and other words in a sentence.

Present Tense - English Grammar Definitions and Examples
In English grammar, the present is a verb tense that expresses action in the present time, indicates habitual actions, or expresses general truths.

Preterit(e) - Definition and Examples in English Grammar
In traditional grammar, the preterit(e) is the simple past tense of the verb.

primary metaphor - definition and examples in English
A primary metaphor is a basic, intuitively understood metaphor that may be combined with other primary metaphors to produce complex metaphors.

Definition and Examples of Primary Sources in Research
A primary source is information collected firsthand from historical documents, literary texts, artistic works, experiments, surveys, and interviews.

proof - definition and examples in editing
Page proof is a trial sheet of printed material made to be checked and corrected before a text is published.

prothesis - definition and examples in English grammar
Prothesis is a term used in phonetics and phonology to refer to the addition of a sound to the beginning of a word.

Proverb: Definition and Examples
A proverb is a short, pithy statement of a general truth, one that condenses common experience into memorable form.

Proximity Agreement: Definition and Examples
Proximity agreement is the practice of relying on the noun that is closest to the verb to determine whether the verb is singular or plural.

punctuation - definition and examples
Punctuation is the set of marks used to regulate texts and clarify their meanings, principally by separating or linking words, phrases, and clauses.

queclarative - definition and examples in English grammar
A queclarative is an utterance that has the form of a question but the force of a statement.

Question Mark - Definition & Examples
A question mark (?) is a punctuation symbol placed at the end of a sentence or phrase to indicate a direct question.

Definition and Examples of Quotations in Prose
A quotation is the reproduction of the words of a writer or speaker.

Reciprocal Pronoun - Definition and Examples
A reciprocal pronoun is a pronoun that expresses mutual action or relationship. In English the reciprocal pronouns are each other and one another.

Reference: Definition and Examples in English Grammar
Reference is the relationship between a grammatical unit that refers to (or stands in for) another grammatical unit, usually a pronoun and a noun.

reflexive pronoun - definition and examples
In English grammar, a reflexive pronoun is a pronoun ending in

Refutation - Definition and Examples
Refutation is the part of an argument in which a speaker or writer counters opposing points of view.

Definition and Examples of Regionalisms in English
Regionalism is a linguistic term for a word, expression, or pronunciation favored by speakers in a particular geographic area.

Register - Definition and Examples in Linguistics
A register is one of the many styles or varieties of language determined by such factors as social occasion, purpose, and audience.

Relative Clauses - Definition and Examples in English
A relative clause is a clause introduced by a relative pronoun (which, that, who, whom, whose), a relative adverb (where, when, why), or a zero relative.

Definition and Examples of Relative Pronouns in English
In English grammar, a relative pronoun is a pronoun that introduces an adjective clause.

Report - Definitions and Types
A report is a document that presents information in an organized format for a specific audience and purpose.

Revision - Revising an Essay During the Writing Process
Revision is the process of rereading a text and making changes (in content, organization, sentence structures, and word choice) to improve it.

Retronyms: New Words Created for Old Objects
A retronym is a new word or phrase created for an old object or concept whose original name has become associated with something else.

rhetorician - definition and examples
A rhetorician is (1) a master or teacher of rhetoric, or (2) an eloquent speaker or writer.

Rhetoric - Definitions and Observations


Satire - Definition and Examples
Satire is a text or performance that uses irony, derision, or wit to expose or attack human vice, foolishness, or stupidity.

Scheme - Definition and Examples of Rhetorical Schemes
Scheme is a term in classical rhetoric for any one of the figures of speech: a deviation from conventional word order.

Semiotics - Definition and Examples
Semiotics is the theory and study of signs and symbols, especially as elements of language or other systems of communication.

Sentence Combining - Definition and Examples
Sentence combining, an alternative to traditional grammar instruction, involves joining two or more short sentences to make one longer sentence.

Definition and Examples of Sentence Fragments
A sentence fragment is a group of words that begins with a capital letter and ends with a period, question mark, or exclamation point but is grammatically incomplete.

Serial Comma - Definition and Examples in English
The serial comma is a comma that precedes the conjunction before the final item in a series.

Examples of Settings in Creative Nonfiction
A setting in creative nonfiction is the place and time where the action of their literary and factual narrative takes place.

Signal Phrase (Grammar) - Definition and Examples
A signal phrase is a phrase, clause, or sentence that introduces a quotation, paraphrase, or summary.

Sign - Definition and Examples in Semiotics
A sign is any motion, gesture, image, sound, pattern, or event that conveys meaning. The general science of signs is called semiotics.

simple sentence - definition and examples in English
A simple sentence is a sentence with only one independent clause.

singular - definition and examples of singularity in English
In grammar, singular is a category of number denoting one person, thing, or instance.

Slippery Slope Fallacy - Definition and Examples
A fallacy in which a course of action is objected to on the grounds that once taken it will lead to additional actions until some undesirable consequence results.

Slogan - Glossary Definition and Examples
A slogan is a short, attention-getting expression (or catchphrase) used in promoting a product, candidate, or cause.

George Carlin's Definition of Soft Language
Soft language is a phrase coined by comedian George Carlin to describe euphemistic expressions that

Solecism - Definition and Examples in English
In prescriptive grammar, a solecism is a usage error or any deviation from conventional word order.

Sophism - Definition and Examples
A sophism is a plausible but fallacious argument, or deceptive argumentation in general.

split infinitive - definition and examples in English
A split infinitive is a construction in which one or more words come between the infinitive marker

Sprezzatura - Definition and Examples
Sprezzatura is the rehearsed spontaneity and studied carelessness that lies at the center of persuasive discourse of any sort.

Grammatical Bloopers: Examples of Squinting Modifiers
A squinting modifier is an ambiguous modifier (usually an adverb) that appears to qualify the words both before and after it.

Standard American English (SAE) - Definition and Examples
Standard American English is the variety of the English language that is generally used in professional communication in the U.S. and taught in American schools.

stance - definition and examples in linguistics
In the communication process, stance refers to verbal and nonverbal ways in which speakers position themselves in relation to their listeners and to the information they're providing.

Standard English - Definition and Examples
Standard English is a controversial term for a form of the English language that is written and spoken by educated users.

Straw Man (Fallacy) - Definition and Examples
Straw man is a fallacy in which an opponent's argument is overstated or misrepresented in order to be attacked or refuted.

structural metaphor - definition and examples
A structural metaphor is a metaphorical system in which one complex concept (typically abstract) is presented in terms of some other (usually more concrete) concept.

Subject - Definition and Examples in English Grammar
In grammar, the subject is the part of a sentence or clause that commonly indicates (a) what it is about, or (b) who or what performs the action.

subjunctive mood - definition and examples in English
The subjunctive is the mood of a verb expressing wishes, stipulating demands, or making statements contrary to fact.

submerged metaphor - definition and examples
A submerged metaphor is a type of figurative comparison in which one of the terms is implied rather than stated explicitly.

Subordinating Conjunction - Definition and Examples
A subordinating conjunction is a conjunction (a connecting word or phrase) that introduces a dependent clause, joining it to a main clause.

Definition and Examples of Subordination in English
In grammar, subordination is the process of linking two clauses in a sentence so that one clause is dependent on (or subordinate to) another.

Definition and Examples of Substantives in Grammar
In traditional grammar, a substantive is a word or a group of words that functions as a noun.

Suffix - Definition and Examples of English Suffixes
A suffix is a letter or group of letters added to the end of a word or root, serving to form a new word or functioning as an inflectional ending.

Summary - Definition and Examples of Summaries of Texts
A summary is a shortened version of a text that highlights its key points.

Superlative Forms of Modifiers - Definition and Examples
The superlative is the form of an adjective or adverb that suggests the most or the least of something.

Symbolism - Definition and Examples
Symbolism is the use of one object or action (a symbol) to represent or suggest something else.

Synecdoche - Definition and Examples
Synecdoche is a figure of speech is which a part is used to represent the whole or the whole for a part.

Definition and Examples of Synesis
Synesis is a grammatical construction in which agreement or reference is determined by sense rather than the strict requirements of syntax.

Syntax - Definitions and Discussion of English Syntax
Syntax is (1) the study of the rules that govern the ways words combine to form phrases, clauses, and sentences; (2) the arrangement of words in a sentence.

Tone (in Writing) - Definition and Examples
In composition, tone is the expression of a writer's attitude toward subject, audience, and self.

Accumulation (Accumulatio) - Examples of Rhetorical Devices
Accumulation (or accumulatio) is a figure of speech in which a speaker or writer gathers scattered points and lists them together.

Allegory - Definition and Examples of Allegories in English
Allegory is the rhetorical strategy of extending a metaphor through an entire narrative so that elements in the text are equated with meanings outside the text.

Alliteration: Definition and Examples in English
Alliteration is the repetition of an initial consonant sound in successive words.

Ambiguity - Definition and Examples in English
Ambiguity is the presence of two or more possible meanings in a single passage.

Situational Irony - Definition and Examples
Situational irony is an occasion in which the outcome is significantly different from what was expected or considered appropriate.

Definition and Examples of Taboo Language
The term

Definitions and Examples of Question Tags in English
A tag question is a brief question added to a declarative sentence to engage the listener or to verify that something has been understood.

textuality - definition and discussion
In linguistics, textuality is the property by which successive sentences form a coherent text in contrast to a random sequence.

Theme - Definition and Examples in Composition
Theme is (1) the main idea of a text, expressed directly or indirectly, or (2) a short composition assigned as a writing exercise.

The Toulmin Model of Argument
The Toulmin system is a six-part model of argument introduced by British philosopher Stephen Toulmin. The Toulmin model can be used as a tool for analyzing and categorizing arguments.

therapeutic metaphor - definition and examples
A therapeutic metaphor is a figurative comparison used by a therapist to assist a client in the process of personal transformation, healing, and growth.

Thesis - Definition and Examples in Composition
A thesis is the main idea of an essay, report, speech, or research paper, often written as a single declarative sentence.

Tip-Of-The-Tongue (TOT) Phenomenon: Definition
In psycholinguistics, the feeling that a name, word, or phrase--though momentarily unrecallable--is known and will soon be recalled.

Title (Composition) - Definition and Examples
A title is a word or phrase given to a text to identify the subject, attract the reader's attention, and forecast the tone and substance of the writing to follow.

Topic Sentence - Definition, Examples, and Guidelines
A topic sentence is a sentence, sometimes at the beginning of a paragraph, that states or suggests the main idea (or topic) of a passage.

Topic - Definition and Examples of Topics for Essays and Speeches
A topic is the particular issue or idea that serves as the subject of a paragraph, essay, report, or speech.

Trademark - Definition and Examples
A trademark is a distinctive word, phrase, symbol, or design that identifies a product and is legally owned by its manufacturer or inventor.

Traditional (School) Grammar: Definition and Examples
Traditional grammar is the collection of rules and concepts about the structure of language that is commonly taught in schools.

Transformational Grammar (TG) - Definition and Examples
Transformational grammar is a theory of grammar that accounts for the constructions of a language by linguistic transformations and phrase structures.

Transitive Verbs in English - Definition and Examples
A transitive verb is a verb that takes a direct object.

Travel Writing - Definition and Examples
Travel writing is a form of creative nonfiction in which the narrator's encounters with foreign places serve as the dominant subject.

Tricolon - Definition and Examples in Rhetoric
A tricolon is a series of three parallel words, phrases, or clauses.

trivium - definition and examples of the trivium in the traditional liberal arts
The trivium is the lower division of the seven liberal arts in medieval schools, consisting of grammar, logic, and rhetoric.

Definition and Examples of Tropes in Language
A trope is (1) a figure of speech, and (2) a rhetorical device that produces a shift in the meanings of words.

Tu Quoque - Definition and Examples
Tu quoque is a type of ad hominem argument in which a person turns a charge back on his or her accuser: a logical fallacy.

Turn-Taking Definition and Examples in Conversation Analysis
In conversation analysis, turn-taking is the manner in which orderly conversation normally takes place.

Definition and Examples of Understatement
Understatement is a figure of speech in which a writer or speaker deliberately makes a situation seem less important or serious than it is.

Unity in Composition - Definition and Discussion
In composition, unity is the quality of oneness in a paragraph or essay that results when all the words and sentences contribute to a single main idea.

Uptalk - Definition and Examples of High-Rising Terminals
Uptalk is a speech pattern in which phrases and sentences habitually end with a rising sound, as if the statement were a question.

Definitions and Examples of English Usage
Usage refers to the conventional ways in which words or phrases are used, spoken, or written.

validity - definition and examples of valid arguments
In a deductive argument, the principle that if all the premises are true, the conclusion must also be true.

vehicle - definition and examples of vehicles in metaphors
In a metaphor, the vehicle is the figure itself--that is, the image that embodies the tenor (the subject of the metaphor).

Definition and Examples of Voice in Grammar
In grammar, voice is the quality of a verb that indicates whether its subject acts or is acted upon.

Definition and Examples of Verbal Hygiene in English
Verbal hygiene is a phrase coined by British linguist Deborah Cameron to describe

Verbal Irony - Definition and Examples
Verbal irony is a trope (or figure of speech) in which the intended meaning of a statement differs from the meaning that the words appear to express.

Verbal Noun - Definition and Examples
A verbal noun is a noun that is derived from a verb (usually by adding the suffix -ing) and that exhibits the ordinary properties of a noun.

Definition and Examples of Verbal Paradox
A verbal paradox is a figure of speech in which a seemingly self-contradictory statement is nevertheless found to be true.

Verbal Hedge - Definition and Examples
A verbal hedge (or hedging) is a word or phrase that makes a statement less forceful or assertive (sort of).

verbing - definition and examples
Verbing is a type of conversion (or functional shift) in which a noun is used as a verb or verbal.

Definition and Examples of Verbless Sentences
A verbless sentence (or, in rhetoric, scesis onomaton) is a construction that lacks a verb but functions as a sentence.

Verb - Definition and Examples of Verbs in English
A verb is the part of speech (or word class) that describes an action or occurrence or indicates a state of being.

Vernacular - Definition and Examples
Vernacular is the language of a particular group, profession, region, or country, especially as spoken rather than formally written.

Visual Metaphor - Definition and Examples
A visual metaphor is the representation of a person, place, thing, or idea by way of a visual image that suggests a particular association.

Definition and Examples of Visual Rhetoric
Visual rhetoric is the branch of rhetorical studies concerned with the persuasive use of images.

Definition and Examples of Vocabulary
Vocabulary is all the words of a language, or the words used by a particular person or group.

Vocative: Definition and Examples in English Grammar
The vocative is a word or phrase used to address a reader or listener directly, usually in the form of a personal name, title, or term of endearment.

Warrants in the Toulmin Model of Argument - Definition
In the Toulmin model of argument, a warrant is a general rule indicating the relevance of a claim.

Weasel Word - Definition and Examples
A weasel word is a modifying word that undermines or contradicts the meaning of the word, phrase, or clause it accompanies.

Word Grammar (WG) - definition and examples
Word grammar is a theory of language structure which holds that grammatical knowledge is largely a body (or network) of knowledge about words.