19th Century History Sitemap - Page 4 2016-09-26

The 1863 New York City Draft Riots Cost Hundreds of Lives
The streets of New York erupted in shocking violence for several days in July 1863 in what became known as the New York City Draft Riots. The federal government instituting conscription for the army during the Civil War was the root cause, though other factors, such as racial and ethnic strife, certainly played a part. This gallery of images documents the horrors of the Draft Riots, in which buildings were burned and hundreds of people were killed or wounded. Page 10.

New York Draft Riots
The streets of New York erupted in shocking violence for several days in July 1863 in what became known as the New York City Draft Riots. The federal government instituting conscription for the army during the Civil War was the root cause, though other factors, such as racial and ethnic strife, certainly played a part. This gallery of images documents the horrors of the Draft Riots, in which buildings were burned and hundreds of people were killed or wounded. Page 2.

Definition of Antebellum
Definition of Antebellum. 19th Century History.

Definition of Oregon Trail
Definition of Oregon Trail. 19th Century History.

Wars of the 19th Century
The 19th century was defined by warfare, including the Napoleonic Wars that began the century to the American Civil War that ravaged the United States in mid-century. Major powers also fought in the War of 1812, the Opium Wars, the Crimean War, the Franco-Prussian War, and the United States government's war against Native Americans on the Great Plains.

People of the 19th Century
Much of what made the 19th century such fascinating time in history were historic figures that dominated their times. Queen Victoria's name defined the era itself, and other leaders, such as Napoleon, Garibaldi, Lincoln, and Bismarck changed the world in profound ways. In fields such as science, engineering, and literature innovators remade the world.

William Henry Jackson - Photographer William Henry Jackson Documented the West, Helped Inspire Creation of Yellowstone National Park
Photographer William Henry Jackson carried his camera along on official government surveys in the west, and his stunning photography of the Yellowstone area in Wyoming helped inspire the movement to create National Parks.

The 1863 Draft Riots Erupted in a Quickly Growing New York City
This gallery of vintage images illustrate how the horrors of the New York City Draft Riots were communicated to a stunned nation. The Draft Riots erupted in New York City in July 1863, at the height of the Civil War. The violent encounters in the streets of New York exposed bitter political struggles and extreme ethnic and racial tensions. By the time order had been restored, buildings had been burned and hundreds of people had been wounded or killed.

Menai Suspension Bridge in Wales designed by Thomas Telford
Thomas Telford's Menai Strait Bridge was an early suspension bridge built in the 1820s which used iron chains to support its roadway.

Major Events of the 19th Century
The 19th century was a time of astounding historical events, from disasters that shocked the world to advances in transportation, science, and engineering.

Vintage Images of Brooklyn Bridge Construction
Images of New York's famed Brooklyn Bridge fascinated the public while it was still under construction. No structure so large or brilliantly designed had ever been constructed, and the largest bridge on earth was a star even before its roadway was hung from its four massive suspension cables.

Electricity
Experiments with electricity had captured the imagination throughout the 1700s, but there wasn't any great practical importance attached to it. All that changed in the early 1800s, and soon the telegraph, telephone, electric light, electric motors, and countless other electrical devices would be changing life forever. In many ways the 19th century was the century of electricity.

Invention & Innovation
Amazing inventions transformed life profoundly during the 19th century. Speedy communication was made possible by the telegraph and later the telephone, and gas lights gave away to the marvel of the age, the electric light bulb. The trans-Atlantic cable made communication possible between continents, and the invention of the photograph forever changed how people viewed the world.

Definition of Fugitive Slave Act
Definition of Fugitive Slave Act of 1850

Definition of Chartist Movement or Chartism
Definition of Chartist Movement or Chartism

Advances in Printing
The printing press had not changed tremendously since the time of Gutenberg, but the dawn of the 19th century saw inventors attempting to apply new technology to the production of printed pages. The Stanhope Press, the first press built entirely of iron, and Frederick Koenig's cylindrical press, created a revolution. Before long steam power was added, and printing would reach the masses.

Gas Illumination
For centuries people had relied upon candles and simple oil lamps for illumination, but in the early 19th century practical gaslights were introduced. City streets and public buildings were soon being lit by gas, and the race was on to find more efficient forms of artificial lighting.

Photography
In the late 1830s the French artist Louis Daguerre perfected his method of capturing images, and the world would never be the same. Photography flourished in the 1800s, helped in some measure by Civil War soldiers who clamored to have portraits taken in their new uniforms. Thanks to intrepid photographers and their cumbersome cameras, the look of the 19th century was captured for all time.

The Slave Trade
The Europeans who came to America and created new empires need people to work their fields, and that need led to a diabolical creation, the international slave trade. Ships, generally owned by Europeans, brought slaves from Africa to the New World for centuries until the infernal trade was finally brought to an end in the 1800s.

Illustrations and Prints


Maps


Daguerreotype and Photography