20th Century History Sitemap - Page 1 2016-09-26

List of Nobel Prize Winners
A list of Nobel Prize winners in six different categories from the very first awards to the present.

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Jim Jones Biography - Leader of the Peoples Temple Cult
Jim Jones, the leader of the Peoples Temple cult, was responsible for the deaths of over 900 people in the Jonestown compound in Guyana.

Unabomber Ted Kaczynski
From 1978 until his arrest in 1996, Unabomber Ted Kaczynski sent bombs to unsuspecting victims, killing three and wounding 23 more.

People in the 20th Century
The twentieth century was shaped by scientists, leaders, civil rights workers, entertainers, and so many more. Learn more about some of the influential people who molded the century, including both the heroes and the villains.

Famous Athletes of the 20th Century
Famous athletes inspire us as well as entertain. From famous boxers to runners to baseball players, we like to watch, with amazement, at what they can do. Learn more about many amazing famous athletes from the 20th century.

Famous Business Leaders
Business leaders help make products, create jobs, and keep the economy healthy. But often, they either make controversy or become role models of success. Learn more about these captains of industry.

1930s
The 1930s were a tough decade. It was dominated with the battle against the Great Depression and saw the rise of Hitler's Third Reich and the beginning of World War II.

King Edward VIII Abdicated for Love
In 1936, King Edward VIII became the very first British monarch to voluntarily give up his throne when he abdicated in order to marry Mrs. Wallis Simpson.

Is the Hope Diamond Cursed?
If the Hope diamond has a curse on it, why do some consider it a good luck charm? Why was such a beautiful and expensive diamond donated to a museum?

Scientific Discoveries in the 20th Century
The scientific advances made in the 20th century were phenomenal. It's hard to look back at the beginning of the century and realize there was a time not long ago without cars, planes, television, computers, atomic energy and weapons, space travel, and cell phones. Learn more about the invention and discovery of these and more scientific wonders.

Beginning of Air Travel
From the very first controlled flight at Kitty Hawk in 1903, air travel changed war, politics, business, and culture throughout the world. Learn more about the first flight, the first solo flight across the Atlantic, breaking the sound barrier, and more.

Holocaust
The Third Reich established a program to systematically murder millions of people. Why did they do it? Why did so many not stop them? How did anyone survive? Learn more about the victims, ghettos, camps, and perpetrators.

Arbeit Macht Frei Sign at Entrance of Auschwitz I
The Arbeit Macht Frei (works makes you free) sign at the entrance of Auschwitz I has become a symbol of the Auschwitz Concentration Camp.

Concentration Camps
Concentration camps and death camps have become symbols of horror. How were they set up? Why didn't anyone know about them? What was life like within?

The Number of Jews Killed During the Holocaust by Country
Six million Jews were killed during the Holocaust, but how many were from each country?

The Nuremberg Laws of 1935 - Nazi Laws Against Jews
On September 15, 1935, the Nazis announced two new laws that removed citizenship from Jews and forbade them from marrying or having sex with non-Jews.

Theresienstadt
To cover the growing rumors about what was happening to Jews under the Third Reich, the Nazis placed prominent and old Jews into Theresiesenstadt. Then, through deceit and subterfuge, the Nazis transformed Theresienstadt into a 'model ghetto' and invited the outside world to come and visit. Learn more about the real conditions within Theresienstadt.

Concentration and Death Camps Chart
A chart showing the location, opening, closing, and death count at each of the major concentration and death camps within the Third Reich.

Lebensraum - Hitler's Policy of Eastern Expansion
Lebensraum, meaning living space, was a geopolitical term adapted by Adolf Hitler to support German expansion to the east.

World War II
A truly world war which lasted from 1939 to 1945. The countries of the world aligned with either the Axis powers or the Allies and battled in a total war.

Mengele's Children - The Twins of Auschwitz
Josef Mengele's favorite experiments at Auschwitz were on twins. What did he do and why?

1900s
Events, people, places, and other important happenings during the first years of the 20th century.

The Life and Sickness of Typhoid Mary
Typhoid Mary had no idea that she was infected with typhoid yet her work as a cook infected many. Discover the sad story of Mary Mallon.

Auschwitz Concentration and Death Camp
The history of the death camp where the Nazis killed 1.1 million people - where it was located, gas chambers, medical experiments, liberation, etc.

Trenches in World War I
In World War I, many soldiers were forced to fight in trenches, with horrible conditions such as mud, water, blood, gore, rats, artillery, and more.

Russian Revolution of 1917
The Russian Revolution of 1917 toppled a monarchy and brought about the first communist country in the world.

How Neil Armstrong Became the First Man on the Moon
On July 20, 1969, Neil Armstrong became the very first man to walk on the moon.

1910s
A decade dominated by the first total war, World War I.

1960s
Clashes was the shocking norm for this decade: U.S. troops sent to Vietnam, Cuban Missile Crisis, JFK assassinated, Mandela sent to prison, Black Panthers formed.

Spanish Flu Pandemic That Killed Millions in 1918
From March 1918 to the Spring of 1919, three waves of the Spanish flu spread quickly around the world, killing an estimated 50 million to 100 million people.

History of the Woodstock Music Festival of 1969
From August 15-18, 1969, 500,000 young people from across the US converged on Max Yasgur's 600-acre dairy farm in Bethel,NY for a concert that made history.

Major Wars and Conflicts of the 20th Century
A chronological list of the major wars and conflicts of the 20th century.

20th Century History: Events and People of the 1900s
Join About.com in exploring 20th century history — a fascinating era of gruesome wars, awesome inventions, heroes, and villains.

Crime and Scandal in the 20th Century
The 20th century was filled with stories of gangsters, bombings, massacres, and genocide. Find out about the sordid escapades of such characters as Al Capone, Bonnie and Clyde, Idi Amin, and others.

1920s
The third decade of the 20th century was famous for producing jazz, flappers, and more culture but it is also infamously remembered for exorbitant inflation and the Stock Market Crash.

Fatty Arbuckle Scandal
In 1921, Roscoe Fatty Arbuckle was arrested and tried for the murder of a young starlet named Virginia Rappe. The public was against him but the jurors could find no evidence.

Charleston Dance - A Popular Dance of the 1920s
The Charleston Dance, which is quick and fun, became an extremely popular dance craze of the Roaring Twenties, beginning in 1923.

1950s
With the building of the hydrogen bomb in the 1950s, new scares challenged societies to find ways to protect themselves. However, not all was doom and gloom: new technology also brought color television and Walt Disney opened Disneyland.

Body of Stalin Removed from Lenin's Tomb
After his death in 1953, Soviet leader Joseph Stalin's remains were embalmed and put on display next to Vladimir Lenin. In 1961, it was removed.

The Beatles - An Overview of the Extremely Popular Beatles
The Beatles were an ultra popular, British rock group that helped shape the 1960s.

1970s Timeline - History Timeline of the 1970s
A detailed history timeline of the 1970s, from 1970 to 1979.

The History of the Cabbage Patch Kids Dolls
What is a Cabbage Patch Kids doll and why was there a buying frenzy in 1983?

Scientists and Inventors
From Freud's new concepts of dream analysis to the creation of atomic bombs, science dominated both the lives of individuals and the interactions of people around the world in the 20th century.

Sigmund Freud - The Father of Psychoanalysis
Sigmund Freud, known as the father of psychoanalysis, believed that patients could talk to reveal the innermost thoughts of their unconscious mind.

John D. Rockefeller - The First American Billionaire
John D. Rockefeller used his keen business sense to found Standard Oil Company, in turn making him one of the wealthiest men in the world.

Important People in 20th Century History - Overview
The twentieth century was shaped by scientists, leaders, civil rights workers, entertainers, and so many more. Learn more about some of the influential people who molded the century, including both the heroes and the villains.

The Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
On June 28, 1914, Gavrilo Princip shot Austro-Hungarian Archuduke Franz Ferdinand. The assassination became the spark that ignited World War I.

Woodrow Wilson - Biography of the 28th President
Woodrow Wilson, the 28th president of the United States, tried his best to keep the U.S. out of World War I; however, Germany's acts of aggression forced his hand.

The Assassination of John Lennon
On December 8, 1980, 25-year-old Mark David Chapman shot and killed famous singer John Lennon, former member of the Beatles, in New York.

Dr. Seuss - Biography of the Popular Children's Author
Best known for his children's book, The Cat in the Hat, Dr. Seuss has become one of the most popular children's authors of all time.

Silly Putty - A Short History of the Ball of Goo
Though invented in 1943 by James Wright, Silly Putty was not a toy until Peter Hodgson packaged the goo in plastic eggs and sold them in 1950.

The Invention of Velcro
The invention of Velcro began with an ordinary walk and ended with Georges de Mestral creating this popular hook-and-loop fastener in 1955.

Che Guevara - Biography, Facts & More
Determined to make a difference, Che Guevara turned into a revolutionary and played a central role in the Cuban Revolution.

Mein Kampf - The Book Written by Adolf Hitler
Mein Kampf, which means My Struggle, was a two-volume book written by Adolf Hitler during and right after his stay in Landsberg prison.

Marilyn Monroe - Biography
Marilyn Monroe's life began as a neglected girl who then became a model, pinup girl, actress, and a major movie star, before dying at age 36.

1980 - 1989
Several environmental disasters struck this decade, including the Exxon Valdez oil spill, Chernobyl nuclear leak, Bhopal gas leak, and Mount St. Helen's eruption. The 80s also introduced Michael Jackson's

Pac-Man Video Game History and Background
In 1980, Pac-Man was released, changing video games forever. Find out who invented Pac-Man and what pizza had to do with it.

The Story of the Jonestown Massacre
The Jonestown Massacre occurred on November 18, 1978, when members of the Peoples Temple cult drank poisoned punch as an act of revolutionary suicide.

Disasters and Tragedy in the 20th Century
Natural or man-made, disasters are destructive. They can wreak havoc and cause fear. Find out what horrible disasters occurred within the 20th century.

Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire, 1911
The fire at the Triangle Shirtwaist factory on March 25, 1911 killed 146 workers, exposed the dangerous conditions, and prompted the creation of new laws.

Benito Mussolini - The Fascist Dictator of Italy
Italian dictator Benito Mussolini, leader of the fascists, gained power during his March on Rome in 1922, then became an ally of Hitler during World War II.

Queen Victoria - The UK's Longest Reigning Monarch
Queen Victoria ruled over the United Kingdom for nearly 64 years (1837-1901), making her the longest-ruling British monarch in history.

Malcolm X - A Biography
Malcolm X was a controversial figure during the Civil Rights era, who advocated for black nationalism and violence in self defense.

Zimmermann Telegram
In January 1917, the British intercepted an important telegram from Germany to Mexico. The contents of the Zimmermann Telegram ultimately brought the United States into WWI.

Elie Wiesel
Elie Wiesel, author of Night, was only 15 when his family was deported to Auschwitz. Since liberation, Wiesel has lived an interesting life as journalist, author, and human rights activist.

Saddam Hussein - Biography of the Iraqi Dictator
Saddam Hussein was the ruthless dictator of Iraq from 1979 until 2003. During the Iraq War in 2003, Saddam was caught and ultimately executed.

1970s
The Watergate Scandal brought down a presidency but disco, Sony walkman, the Star Wars movie created a vibrant culture.

History of the Swastika
The history of the swastika spans 3,000 years. Does this symbol represent good or evil?

Ebola Outbreaks in Sudan and Zaire
On July 27, 1976, the very first person to contract the Ebola virus began to show symptoms. Ten days later he was dead.

Ernest Hemingway - Biography of the Famous Author
Ernest Hemingway wrote both fiction and non-fiction books, but he is remembered both for his writing and his life of high adventure.

Eva Perón - Biography of Evita, First Lady of Argentina
The short, fascinating life of Eva Peron, the young wife of Argentine president Juan Peron, adored by the masses, intensely disliked by others.

Jim Thorpe - Famous Native American Olympian
Jim Thorpe, one of the greatest athletes of all time, is best known for receiving Olympic gold medals in the pentathlon and the decathlon.

President Warren Harding Biography
Warren G. Harding is considered one of the worst U.S. Presidents in history, both for his extramarital affairs and political scandals.

Alfred Hitchcock - Profile of the Famous British Film Director
Alfred Hitchcock, one of the most famous directors in the history of filmmaking, was known for making suspense films, such as Psycho and Rear Window.

Golda Meir - The First Female Prime Minister of Israel
Golda Meir was a devoted Zionist from an early age, who went on to become the first female prime minister of Israel (1969 to 1974).

John Steinbeck - Biography of Grapes of Wrath Author
John Steinbeck's most famous work was The Grapes of Wrath, but he wrote many valuable novels, including The Pearl, Tortilla Flat, and Travels With Charley.

History of Theresienstadt: The "Model" Ghetto
Theresienstadt was a special concentration camp, a place where Nazis placed famous prisoners and allowed the Red Cross to visit.

Emmeline Pankhurst - British Suffragist
Emmeline Pankhurst and the organization WSPU that she founded demanded the right for women to vote in Great Britain.

Dachau - The First Nazi Concentration Camp
The very first Nazi concentration camp, Dachau, was opened just weeks after Adolf Hitler become chancellor of Germany in 1933.

President Richard Nixon - A Brief Biography
Caught up in the Watergate Scandal, President Nixon definitely earned his nickname of Tricky Dick.

World War I
The First World War, originally called the Great War, raged from 1914 to 1918. Mostly fought in western Europe in muddy, bloody trenches, WWI saw the introduction of the machine gun and poison gas into battle.

Mata Hari - Biography of the Exotic World War I Spy
Mata Hari was an exotic dancer and courtesan, killed by the French for espionage during WWI. Who was Mata Hari? Was she really a spy?

Flappers in the Roaring Twenties
In the 1920s, a new woman was born. Flappers abandoned their corsets, chopped off their hair, and wore make-up. They smoked, drank, danced, and voted.

Hindenburg Disaster
At 7:25 p.m. on May 6, 1937, while the Hindenburg was attempting to land at the Lakehurst Naval Air Station in New Jersey, it burst into flames.

Prelude to the Russian Revolution of 1917
The Russian Revolution had roots that went back decades. It began with an unhappy people and ended with a weak-minded leader.

Einsatzgruppen - Mobile Killing Squads
After Nazi Germany's invasion of the Soviet Union, mobile killing squads known as Einsatzgruppen entered occupied lands and killed an estimated million people.

Muhammad Ali - 'The Greatest' Boxer
Muhammad Ali used witty banter and unusual boxing techniques to be the first to win the heavyweight championship title three times.

Christmas Truce at the World War I Front
In one of the truest acts of goodwill toward men, WWI soldiers from both sides set aside their weapons and hatred and agreed to a Christmas truce.

Ronald Reagan Assassination Attempt
On March 30, 1981, 25-year-old John Hinckley Jr. opened fire on U.S. President Ronald Reagan just outside the Washington Hilton Hotel.

Fidel Castro - Biography of the Leader of Cuba
In 1959, Fidel Castro took control of Cuba by force and remained its dictatorial leader for nearly five decades.

5 Things You Don't Know About Anne Frank and Her Diary
You have read her diary and you know her story. But do you know these five things about Anne Frank and her diary?

J. K. Rowling - Biography of 'Harry Potter' Author
J. K. Rowling is the author of the hugely popular Harry Potter books. How did she come up with the complex story of the wizarding world?

Winston Churchill - Quotations
A collection of quotes by Winston Churchill, including some about success, self improvement, politics, World War II, funny ones, and a few about himself.

Anne Frank Quotes - Important Quotes From Anne's Diary
Fifteen quotes by Anne Frank from her famous Diary of a Young Girl, including quotes about her mother, nature, happiness, ideals, and paths in life.

Crimes of Saddam Hussein
Iraqi President Saddam Hussein gained notoriety for murdering thousands of his own people. These are five of Hussein's most heinous crimes.

Day of Infamy Speech Given by FDR After Pearl Harbor
On December 8, 1941, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt gave what is now known as his

"The Story of Bonnie and Clyde" - Poem by Bonnie Parker
Bonnie Parker wrote two poems while she and Clyde Barrow were on the run from the law. This poem, the Story of Bonnie and Clyde, was the second of the two.

President Franklin D. Roosevelt Quotes
President Franklin D. Roosevelt left us with many wise words. Here is a collection of quotes by FDR.

Ancestry of Adolf Hitler
The name of Hitler provokes intense emotions. But what if Adolf Hitler had really been named Adolf Schicklgruber? It was closer than you might think.

TIME's Man of the Year List (1927-2010)
Since 1927, TIME Magazine has chosen a man, woman, or idea that for better or worse, has most influenced events in the preceding year. View the listing of TIME's picks over the decades.

Enrico Fermi - Biography of the Physicist
A biography of Enrico Fermi, one of the greatest physicists of the 20th century.

Pearl Harbor Facts
Finding out the basics facts about Pearl Harbor can often be troublesome. This list of Pearl Harbor facts should be a great place to start your research.

The Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact, 1939
Details of the pact signed in 1939 between Hitler and Stalin that enabled a one-front war when Germany started World War II.

Henry Ford and the Assembly Line
On December 1, 1913, Henry Ford introduced the first automobile assembly line at his Highland Park plant in Michigan.

1990 - 1999
At the beginning of the 1990s, Communism fell and signaled the end of the Cold War. The world rejoiced but also watched and waited to see how those countries would restructure themselves.

The Oklahoma City Bombing, 1995
At 9:02 a.m. on April 19, 1995, a large bomb blew up the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City, killing 168 people.

Otzi the Iceman
On September 19, 1991, two German tourists made history when they found the remains of Europe's oldest known mummy. Otzi the Iceman.

World War I
World War I (1914-1919), was an extremely bloody war, with huge losses of life and little ground lost or won. Fought mostly by soldiers in trenches, World War I saw an estimated 10 million military deaths.

What Was Prohibition? (1920 to 1933)
Prohibition (1920-1933) was the period in United States history in which the manufacture, sale, and transportation of intoxicating liquors was outlawed.

18th Amendment Began the Era of Prohibition
The 18th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution banned the manufacture, sale, and transportation of alcohol. Here is the complete text of the 18th Amendment.

The Boer War in South Africa (1899-1902)
The Boer War (1899-1902) was fought between the British and the Boers (Dutch settlers) in South Africa. The Boers, who were terribly outnumbered, used guerrilla tactics to outwit the British; however, in the end, the Boers lost and their two republics became absorbed by the British into South Africa. Learn more about the Boer War.

Who Was Pancho Villa? - A Brief Biography
Pancho Villa was a Mexican revolutionary leader who is often remembered as a folk hero.

Who Was Adolf Hitler? - Brief Biography
Known as one of the most evil people in history, Adolf Hitler was responsible for World War II and the Holocaust.

33 Facts You Should Know About the Holocaust
How many people were killed in the Holocaust? What does the word Shoah mean? What was the largest Nazi concentration camp? Learn the answers to these questions plus much more through these 33 Holocaust facts that everyone should know.

1996 Mount Everest Disaster - Death on Top of the World
On May 11, 1996, 17 climbers were caught near the summit of Mount Everest when a huge storm came in. The storm and mistakes ultimately took the lives of eight.

Cary Grant - Biography of the Dashing British Actor
The suave and debonair Cary Grant was one of the most famous actors of the 20th century; however, his home life was troubled after his mom went missing.

Baby Lindbergh Kidnapped
On March 1, 1932, someone kidnapped the 20-month-old son of famous aviator Charles Lindbergh. The world watched in horror as the saga unfolded.

Agatha Christie - Author of 82 Detective Novels
Author Agatha Christie, known as the Queen of Crime, wrote 82 detective novels, a series of six romance novels, 19 plays, and an autobiography.

The Space Shuttle Challenger Disaster
On Tuesday, January 28, 1986, the Space Shuttle Challenger exploded only 73 seconds after lift-off from the Kennedy Space Center at Cape Canaveral, Florida.

Frank Sinatra - Biography of the Famous Actor and Singer
Frank Sinatra was one of the most famous singers of the 20th century and became an extremely popular movie actor as well.

Leopold and Loeb - The Perfect Murder
On May 21, 1924, teenagers Nathan Leopold and Richard Loeb kidnapped and killed 14-year-old Bobby Franks in an attempt to create the perfect crime.

1940s
A bloody decade, filled with World War II, the Holocaust, atomic bombs, and the beginning of the Cold War.

The Death of Queen Victoria and the Victorian Era
On January 22, 1901, Queen Victoria died, ending the longest reign of any British monarch and signaling the end of the Victorian Era.

Hitler Commits Suicide - April 30, 1945
Adolf Hitler spent his final 100 days holed up in his underground bunker, leading up to his suicide on April 30, 1945.

Audrey Hepburn - Biography of the Elegant Actress
Audrey Hepburn, one of the most exquisite and elegant women of the 20th century, was an Academy-Award winning actress as well as a fashion icon.

John F. Kennedy Assassination
On November 22, 1963, President John F. Kennedy was riding in a convertible limousine in Dallas when he was shot by assassin Lee Harvey Oswald.

Andrew Carnegie - Biography of the King of Steel
Andrew Carnegie made his money by being a steel magnate, but after he retired, he gave nearly all his money away to charity.

Helen Keller - Biography of the Deaf and Blind Activist
At 19 months old, Helen Keller became deaf and blind after an illness. Keller escaped a life of loneliness only because of teacher Annie Sullivan.

Jane Addams - Social Reformer and Founder of Hull House
Social reformer Jane Addams founded the settlement house called Hull House in 1889 in order to help the underprivileged in Chicago.

Louis Armstrong - Biography of a Masterful Trumpet Player
Louis Armstrong was one of the century's most popular entertainers, raising himself out of poverty to become a master trumpeter and key influence in jazz.

Einstein Proposes His Theory of Relativity
In 1905, Albert Einstein wrote two papers that introduced his Special Theory of Relativity and the now famous equation E=mc2.

Albert Einstein - The Humble Genius
As a 26-year-old patent clerk, Albert Einstein revolutionized science in 1905 when he published five new theories, including the theory of relativity.

Walt Disney - Cartoonist, Innovator, and Entrepreneur
Cartoonist Walt Disney created some of the most beloved characters of the 20th century and the world's first theme park.

Charles Lindbergh - World Famous Aviator
Charles Lindbergh became an international celebrity after he became the first person to successfully fly across the Atlantic Ocean in 1927.

Marie Curie - Biography of an Amazing Scientist
Marie Curie, one of the most important scientists in the 20th century, discovered polonium and radium, and was the first woman awarded a Nobel Prize.

Babe Ruth - The Home Run King
Babe Ruth, known as the Sultan of Swat and the Home Rung King, is often referred to as the greatest baseball player who ever lived.

The Rolling Stones - The Longest Performing Rock Band
The Rolling Stones, formed in 1962, have been together for five decades, making them the longest performing rock band of all time.

Nikola Tesla - Scientist and Inventor
Inventor Nikola Tesla not only discovered alternating current,Tesla's inventions form a foundation for a multitude of everyday items still used today.

Wright Brother's First Fatal Airplane Crash
Just five years after the Wrights' first flight, Orville Wright was in the first fatal airplane crash, which left Orville severely injured and his passenger dead.

Freedom Riders - A Journey to End Segregated Busing
On May 4, 1961, 13 courageous men and women boarded a bus and headed south, in an attempt to force the end of segregated interstate transit.

J Robert Oppenheimer Biography of Manhattan Project Director
J. Robert Oppenheimer, known as the Father of the Atomic Bomb, was the director of the Manhattan Project, which built the U.S.'s first atomic bomb.

History of the Dust Bowl
During the Great Depression, an ecological disaster affected millions of Americans living in the Great Plains. This area, affected by both an eight-year drought and massive soil erosion, became called the Dust Bowl because of the huge dust storms that made living and farming in the area untenable. Learn more about the Dust Bowl of the 1930s.

10 Facts About the Titanic That You Don't Know
You may already know that the Titanic hit an iceberg at 11:40 p.m. on April 14, 1912 and sunk just over two-and-a-half hours later. But do you know these ten facts?

Assassination of Robert Kennedy
On June 5, 1968, Palestinian-born Sirhan Sirhan shot presidential candidate Robert F. Kennedy at the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles, California.

Vietnam War Glossary - A Handbook to Terms and Slang
A glossary of terms, phrases, acronyms, slang, and more about the Vietnam War.

Life Is Beautiful (1997) - Movie Review
Surprisingly, Roberto Benigni found a way to create a comedic masterpiece about the Holocaust in Life Is Beautiful.

Rwanda Genocide Timeline
While the 1994 Rwandan Genocide resulted in the deaths of 800,000 Tutsi, the hatred between the Hutu and Tutsi had a history dating back to colonization.

Marshall Plan - A Post-WWII Economic-Aid Program
The Marshall Plan, created in 1947, was an economic aid program meant to strengthen European countries in order to prevent them from becoming communist.

When Was Color TV Invented?
On October 11, 1950, the FCC approved the first color TV and less than a year later, CBS broadcast the very first commercial color TV program.

Elvis Gyrates on Ed Sullivan's Show in 1956
On September 9, 1956, Elvis made his first appearance on The Ed Sullivan Show, which helped make Elvis a household name.

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10 Interesting Things About Inauguration Day
You may know that inauguration day is January 20, but what day did it used to be? Which President's death is blamed on his inauguration?

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World Leaders and Revolutionaries of the 20th Century
Some were strong; others were weak. Some were good; others were bad. Learn more about the men and women around the world who were leaders and revolutionaries during the 20th century.

U.S. Presidents and First Ladies
There have been 18 presidents who have led the United States within the 20th century. The country has changed and been molded under their leadership. Learn more about these influential men and their wives.

Kent State Students Shot by the National Guard
On May 4, 1970, Ohio National Guardsmen fired upon an already dispersed crowd of student protesters, killing four and wounding nine others, at Kent State.

Margaret Sanger - Birth Control Activist
Margaret Sanger educated women about how to prevent pregnancies, opening up the first birth control clinic in 1916.

Leon Trotsky - Communist Writer and Leader
Leon Trotsky was a leader of the 1917 Russian Revolution but after Lenin's death was exiled and ultimately murdered by Stalin.

History Timeline of the 1950s
A detailed history timeline of the 1950s, from 1950 to 1959.

Hillary and Norgay Were the First to Climb Mt. Everest
New Zealander Edmund Hillary and Nepalese Tenzing Norgay reached the top of Mount Everest at 11:30 a.m. on May 29, 1953.

Ronald Reagan - 40th President of the United States
In office from 1981 to 1989, Republican Ronald Reagan became the oldest president when he took office as the 40th president of the United States.

Murder of Rasputin -- Part 3
Though the murderers had made a plan to kill Rasputin, things quickly went wrong. What really happened that night? How did Rasputin die? Page 3.

The Murder of Rasputin - A Man Difficult to Kill
To save the monarchy, several members of the Russian aristocracy attempted to murder Rasputin. On the night of December 16-17, 1916, they tried to kill the holy man. The plan was simple. Yet on that fateful night, the conspirators found that Rasputin would be very difficult to kill.

Murder of Rasputin -- Part 2
Who planned and killed Rasputin? Page 2.

Murder of Rasputin -- Page 4
The murder of Rasputin wasn't going as planned...what were the murderers to try next? Page 4.

Murder of Rasputin -- Page 5
In the morning on December 17, Rasputin's daughters woke to find that their father had not returned from his late night rendezvous with the Little One. Where was his body found? Page 5.

Mikhail Gorbachev - The Last General Secretary of the Soviet Union
Mikhail Gorbachev, the last General Secretary of the Soviet Union, brought an end to the Communist country after lifting many oppressive sanctions.

Nazis - A Short History of the Nazi Party
The Nazi Party began as one of thousands of innocuous political groups that formed after Germany's defeat in World War I; however, it soon grew increasingly powerful, eventually taking over all of Germany. Led by Hitler, the Nazis started World War II and were responsible for the horrors of the Holocaust. Find out how the Nazi Party formed and how it grew so powerful.

Australian Prime Minister Harold Holt Disappears
After going for a swim at Cheviot Beach near Melbourne, Australian Prime Minister Harold Holt disappeared on December 17, 1967.

The Versailles Treaty That Ended WWI
The Versailles Treaty was the controversial peace settlement between Germany and the Allied Powers that officially ended World War I.

Pol Pot - Leader of the Khmer Rouge
From 1975 to 1979, Khmer Rouge leader Pol Pot killed an estimated 1.5 million of his own people as part of the Cambodian Genocide.

Nazi Architect Albert Speer
Nazi architect Albert Speer, often known as the Good Nazi, was at first Hitler's personal architect and, later, in charge of Germany's entire war economy.

A Detailed History Timeline of the 1960s
A detailed history timeline of the 1960s, from 1960 to 1969.

The Holocaust
Whether you are just beginning to learn about the Holocaust or you are looking for more in-depth stories about the subject, this page is for you. You will find basics such as a timeline, a glossary, a map, and pictures plus more in-depth articles on such topics as the yellow star, ghettos, camps, resistance, and much more.

Nobel Medicine Prize Winners - A List of the Winners of the Nobel Medicine or Physiology Prize
A list of the winners of the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine.

Easter Rising in Ireland
On April 24, 1916, rebels declared Ireland's independence from the United Kingdom and then struggled for a week to hold Dublin against British forces during the Easter Rising.

Ronald Reagan - 32 Famous Quotes by the 40th US President
32 unforgettable quote from Ronald Reagan, 40th president of the United States.

The Discovery of King Tut's Tomb
In November 1922, Howard Carter discovered not just an unknown ancient Egyptian tomb, but one that had lain nearly undisturbed for over 3,000 years. What lay within King Tut's tomb astounded the world.

1940s History Timeline
A detailed timeline of the major historical events of the 1940s, from 1940 to 1949.

1980s History Timeline
A detailed timeline of historical events in the 1980s, from 1980 to 1989.

The 1990s - Historical Timeline of Events
A detailed history timeline of the 1990s, from 1990 to 1999.

1930s History Timeline
A detailed timeline of the major historical events in the 1930s, from 1930 to 1939.

Vietnam War Photographs - Overview Introduction
A large compilation of pictures of the Vietnam War, including combat action, life in the jungle, wounded, P.O.W.s, entertainers, tanks, helicopters, and ships.

Vietnam War Photographs - Overview Introduction
A large compilation of pictures of the Vietnam War, including combat action, life in the jungle, wounded, P.O.W.s, entertainers, tanks, helicopters, and ships.

Vietnam War Photographs - Overview Introduction
A large compilation of pictures of the Vietnam War, including combat action, life in the jungle, wounded, P.O.W.s, entertainers, tanks, helicopters, and ships.

A Collection of Online History Quizzes
How much do you really know about the 20th century? Take these history quizzes to test your knowledge of history.

Pictures of the Dachau Concentration Camp
Pictures of the first Nazi concentration camp, built in 1933, called Dachau.

Pictures of the Holocaust - Dead Prisoners
Pictures of concentration camp prisoners who were killed during the Holocaust.

Auschwitz - Pictures Collection
A large collection of pictures of the Auschwitz Concentration Camp.

The 1920s - Historical Timeline of Events
A detailed history timeline of the roaring '20s, from 1920 to 1929.

Biography of Dorothy Dandridge, Academy Award Winner
Dorothy Dandridge was incredibly beautiful and talented and yet was stunted by the racism of the age she lived in. She became famous after starring in the movie Carmen Jones (1954), earning her the first nomination of an African-American woman for the Best Actress Oscar at the Academy Awards . She appeared in other films but both her personal and professional life went downhill after this and she ultimately died of an overdose at age 42.

Sally Ride - the First American Woman in Space
Sally Ride made history when she became the first American woman in space on June 18, 1983. Find out how she was chosen, her training, her role on board the Challenger, and what she did after she retired from NASA. Also find out how she surprised the world with her obituary.

Katyn Forest Massacre
In 1943, a mass grave of Polish military officers was discovered in the Katyn Forest and, until 1990, it was unclear who was responsible for the massacre.

Holocaust Photograph Collections - Overview
Links to pictures of the Holocaust, including of concentration camps, ghettos,displaced persons,killing squads,Hitler, and other Nazi officials.

The Nuremberg Trials
At the end of World War II, the world wanted justice for the multitude of crimes that had been committed, from the Holocaust to the large-scale slaughter of civilians. The Nuremberg Trials, which lasted from 1945-1948, was an attempt to bring the major war criminals to justice.

First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt Pictures
Anna Eleanor Roosevelt was the First Lady of the United States from 1933 to 1945. Although she at first came to public attention because she was married to U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Eleanor herself became a strong, influential personality during and after Franklin's years in office. Learn more about this tall first lady (she was 5 feet 11 inches tall!) by browsing this collection of historic pictures of Eleanor Roosevelt.

1910s - History Timeline
A list of events in world history in the decade from 1910 to 1919.

Franklin D Roosevelt Pictures
A large compilation of pictures of Franklin D. Roosevelt, including pictures of Roosevelt as a young boy, on a boat, spending time with Eleanor, sitting at his desk, giving speeches, and talking with Winston Churchill.

Einsatzgruppen Pictures - The Third Reich
The Einsatzgruppen were German mobile killing units that operated within German-occupied territory after Germany invaded the Soviet Union in 1941. The Einsatzgruppen rounded up Jews, Gypsies, the disabled, Communists, and prisoners of war and then murdered them. The following pictures show the Einsatzgruppen preparing their victims and then killing them.

1900s Timeline (1900-1909) - 20th Century History
A detailed history timeline of the first decade of the twentieth century, from 1900 to 1909.

10 Things You Don't Know About Albert Einstein
Most people know that Albert Einstein came up with the formula E=mc2. But do you know these 10 things about this scientific genius?

Biography of Sir Winston Churchill
Sir Winston Churchill was truly an amazing man. Although most well known for leading the United Kingdom through WWII as prime minister, Churchill was also an awesome orator and prolific writer.

Sir Winston Churchill Biography
Winston Churchill had a long and tenuous political career. He was forced out of the government during World War I, but then led the United Kingdom to victory during World War II. Learn more about this amazing man who was a politician, war leader, soldier, artist, author, and orator. Page 2.

Franklin D Roosevelt Pictures
A large compilation of pictures of Franklin D. Roosevelt, including pictures of Roosevelt as a young boy, on a boat, spending time with Eleanor, sitting at his desk, giving speeches, and talking with Winston Churchill.

Hiroshima and Nagasaki Pictures
A large compilation of pictures of the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, including pictures of the bombing, destruction, and victims.

Hitler Pictures - A Large Collection of Hitler Pictures
A large collection of pictures of Hitler, including pictures of Hitler giving the Nazi salute, as a soldier in World War I, official portraits, standing with other Nazi officials, wielding an axe, attending Nazi Party rallies, and much more.

Deep Throat
Deep Throat was the informant who gave Washington Post reporters Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein information that helped to expose the Nixon administration's role in the Watergate Scandal.

Pictures of Ronald Reagan - Photos According to Eras
Ronald Reagan served as the President of the United States from 1981 to 1989. At the time he took office, he was the oldest President in U.S. history. Learn more about this multifaceted President by browsing through this collection of pictures of Ronald Reagan.

World War II D-Day Pictures - World War 2 D-Day
A large compilation of pictures of D-Day, including preparation, crossing the English Channel, landing on the beaches at Normandy, and casualties.

Adolf Hitler: 34 Facts (List) - 20th Century History
A listing of 34 interesting facts about Nazi leader Adolf Hitler. Through these Hitler Facts find out more about the man who many consider to have been one of the most evil people in the world.

Events of the 20th Century
Some of the most important events in the twentieth century took years to accomplish, while others took only minutes. Twentieth century history is made up of both the large and the small events that shaped it.

Wars and Conflicts of the 20th Century
Never before had there been wars that encompassed the entire world. Wars during the twentieth century were momentous events that drastically changed peoples thoughts and lives.

Exodus 1947
The Exodus 1947 was a Haganah ship carrying 4,515 Jewish refugees in an attempt to land illegally in British-controlled Palestine. The story of the Exodus helped inspire the world to call for a Jewish state.

Gandhi's Salt March of 1930
From March 12 to April 6, 1930, Mohandas Gandhi led his followers on the Salt March to the sea at Dandi. Here, Gandhi broke the law by picking up natural salt, beginning a massive salt-tax boycott.

Charles Schulz - A Biography
Charles Schulz, the artist and illustrator who created the Peanuts comic strip, wanted everyone to think he was a regular guy from the Midwest. But Charles Schulz was anything but regular. He personally created every single Peanuts comic strip over 50 years. Find out more about this amazing artist.

Joe Louis - The World Heavyweight Champion
Famous black American boxer Joe Louis was the World Heavyweight Champion from 1937 to 1949, the longest ever before or since.

The Execution of Edith Cavell
British nurse Edith Cavell helped save over 200 Allied soldiers trapped behind enemy lines. Caught in 1915 and summarily executed, Edith Cavell became a WWI heroine.

Maya Angelou
Author and poet Maya Angelou overcame great hardship in her youth, including being raped at age 7 1/2, to become a leading female figure of the 20th century. Learn more about this amazing woman and how she went from prostitute to acclaimed author.

Jimmy Carter - 39th President of the United States
Jimmy Carter was a peanut farmer from Georgia, then governor, and then the 39th president of the United States. Unfortunately, my most counts, he failed as a president. However, since then, Carter has worked diligently on humanitarian efforts around the world. Learn more about President Jimmy Carter in this short biography.

Isaac Asimov
Isaac Asimov, best known for his science-fiction novels, wrote a total of 471 books on a huge number of subjects. Find out more about Asimov and how he was so prolific.

World War II
Lasting from 1939 to 1945, World War II was the largest and bloodiest war the world has ever known.

D-Day
On June 6, 1944, the Allied forces launched a huge, secret, amphibious invasion on the beaches of northern France. The first day of this invasion, D-Day, was critically important. Find out why.

Virginia Woolf
British author Virginia Woolf wrote ten novels and a number of essays despite struggling with mental illness nearly her whole life. Sadly, however, her illness ultimately killed her. Learn more about this talented, troubled woman.

Sammy Davis Jr.
Sammy Davis Jr. was known as Mr. Entertainment because he could do just about anything -- sing, dance, act, play multiple instruments, do impressions, tell jokes, and more. But his life was filled with uncertainty and controversy. Find out more about Sammy Davis Jr.

Neil Armstrong
On July 20, 1969, Neil Armstrong became the first man to ever set foot on the moon. But what did he do before that historic trip? What did he do after it? Learn more about the life of astronaut Neil Armstrong.

Tiananmen Square Massacre
In the spring of 1989, students in China came out in the thousands to protest in Beijing's Tiananmen Square. The government tolerated the protests for several months before initiating a bloody crackdown that began on June 2, 1989. In an iconic picture, one man (now known as Tank Man) stood defiantly in front of a column of tanks. Learn more about the Tiananmen Square massacre.

July Plot
On July 20, 1944, Count Klaus von Stauffenberg planted a time bomb under a table near Hitler in the Wolf's Lair. Although the bomb exploded, Hitler escaped serious injury. It was the closest anyone got to assassinating Hitler. Learn more.

Indira Gandhi
Indira Gandhi, the daughter of Jawaharlal Nehru, became India's third prime minister in 1966, ultimately serving four terms. Learn more about Indira Gandhi, only the second women in the world to become a prime minister.

The First Battle of the Marne
The World War I's First Battle of the Marne, fought just outside of Paris from September 6-12, 1914, halted the German advance, saved Paris, saw the beginnings of trench warfare, and ended all hope of a short war. Learn more about the Battle of the Marne.

Pearl Harbor
On December 7, 1941, Japan attacked Pearl Harbor in Hawaii, bringing the United States into World War II. Learn more about the day that will live in infamy.

Albert Einstein (1879-1955)
One of the greatest and most famous scientists of the 20th century, Albert Einstein.

Artists and Writers
Whether they wrote, painted, drew, sculpted, or photographed, writers and artists make us look at the world in a different way.

Auschwitz
The name of this camp has become nearly synonymous with the Holocaust. Learn more about this infamous camp through text, timelines, documents, photographs, and more.

Winston Churchill
A leader, statesman, author, and orator, Sir Winston Churchill helped lead his country and the Allies to victory as the prime minister of Britain during World War II.

Fidel Castro
Fidel Castro, the dictator of Cuba, transformed his country into the first communist state in the Western Hemisphere.

First Flight at Kitty Hawk
On that cold morning in Kitty Hawk on December 17, 1903, the Wright brothers flew the first controlled airplane.

FDR - Franklin D. Roosevelt
Franklin Delano Roosevelt was elected to office as president of the United States four times and led the country through the Great Depression and World War II.

Adolf Hitler
A man many people consider the embodiment of evil, Adolf Hitler was the leader of Nazi Germany, started World War II, and instigated the Holocaust.

Manhattan Project
The 1942 to 1945 U.S. research project, directed by General Leslie Groves, to create an atomic bomb.

Ronald Reagan
The life and times of Ronald Wilson Reagan, the actor who became the 40th President of the United States.

Saddam Hussein
Saddam Hussein was president and dictator of Iraq from 1979 until caught by U.S. forces in 2003. Learn more about this notorious dictator.

Civil Rights Activists and Humanitarians
Civil Rights activists and humanitarians struggle against bigotry, racism, fears, tradition, history, and stagnation to change the world. Learn more about how one man or woman can change the lives of millions.

Anne Frank
A young girl who hid from the Nazis during the Holocaust, Anne Frank has touched many who have read her famous diary.

Boer War
The turn-of-the-century Boer War (also known as the South African War) was fought between the British and the Boer people in an unequal power struggle in South Africa.

Criminals of the 20th Century
Some people who made an impact on the 20th century did so not by good deeds, but rather by their crimes. These crimes included stealing, spying, rape, and mass murder.

Entertainers of the 20th Century
Some of the most influential people of the twentieth century have been entertainers. They made people ponder, reflect, laugh, and cry, both through the hard times and through the good times.

Fads and Fashions from the 20th Century
Flappers, hula hoops, poodle skirts, silly putty, pet rocks -- all were fascinating cultural aspects of the 20th century.

Holocaust Glossary
Are you confused about some of the terms relating to the Holocaust? Since the Holocaust vocabulary was formulated from many different languages, understanding these terms can be difficult. This Holocaust Glossary is here to help you.

Holocaust Survivors - Their Stories
Though they survived the Holocaust, most have not escaped from the pain. Read the stories of the survivors.

Influenza Epidemic of 1918
The disastrous flu that killed an estimated 50 to 100 million people around the world in 1918.

Nazi Doctors and Nazi Medicine
Though they are supposed to be the healers, Nazi doctors perpetrated some of the most devastating and horrendous actions during the Third Reich. Learn about sterilization, euthanasia, and experiments.

Photographs of the 20th Century
A photograph is worth a thousand words - or so the saying goes. This collection of photographs will help you visualize the twentieth century.

Rwanda Genocide
In 1994, the Hutu majority in Rwanda organized and implemented the mass slaughter of the Tutsi minority. In just 100 days, 800,000 Tutsi were slaughtered. Find out how and why this genocide happened.

Watergate Scandal
U.S. President Richard Nixon resigned due to the huge scandal caused by the break-in at the Watergate building.

Air and Space Explorers
The women and men who have climbed into aircraft to travel into the unknown have expanded our knowledge of the world and the universe we live in. They risked their lives and we benefited from it. Learn more about these amazing pilots and astronauts.

Russian Revolution
The Russian Revolution of 1917 ended the long reign of czars in Russia and created the communistic Soviet Union.

Cold War
At the end of World War II, a rivalry began between the United States and the Soviet Union called the Cold War. The Cold War was characterized by a fight between democracy and communism with a constant threat of nuclear war.

Medical Advances and Issues in the 20th Century
From the discovery of penicillin to the AIDS epidemic, learn more about the medical advances and deadly diseases that occurred throughout the 20th century.

Timelines
These excellent timelines and chronologies provide succinct histories of the century.

Vietnam War
The Vietnam War was the struggle over Vietnam from 1959 to 1975 between the communist Vietnamese forces in North Vietnam who wanted an end to all foreign occupation of their country and the United States (allied with South Vietnam) who wanted to prohibit any expansion of communism. The prolonged war left many Americans bitter about U.S. involvement in a war they could not win.

Josef Mengele
The notorious doctor of Auschwitz, Josef Mengele, has become an enigma of the twentieth century. Mengele's handsome physical appearance, fastidious dress, and calm demeanor greatly contradicted his attraction to murder and gruesome experiments.

Majdanek
Majdanek (KZ Lublin) was located in a suburb of Lublin, Poland, and was called the Majdan Tatarski camp (called Majdanek by Lublin residents). Originally, Majdanek was established as a prisoner-of-war camp, but it was later turned into both a concentration and death camp.

Michael Jackson Releases Thriller
On November 30, 1982, Michael Jackson released his album Thriller, which went on to become the best-selling album of all time. A year later, Jackson's Thriller video aired on MTV, changing the way people thought of music videos. Learn more about Michael Jackson's Thriller.

Ted Kennedy and the Chappaquiddick Accident
On July 18, 1969, a car accident occurred that was to leave one person dead and destroy Ted Kennedy's dream of becoming president.

Adolf Hitler Appointed Chancellor of Germany
On January 30, 1933, President Paul von Hindenberg appointed Adolf Hitler as Chancellor of Germany, allowing Hitler to come to power by legal means.

Alexander Fleming Discovers Penicillin
In 1928, bacteriologist Alexander Fleming made a chance discovery. From a contaminated experiment, he found a powerful antibiotic, penicillin.

Holocaust Remembrance Day - Yom Hashoah
Yom Hashoah, Holocaust Remembrance Day, is a day set aside for all of us to remember and learn about the horrors of the Holocaust.

Over There - The Famous World War I Song
On April 6, 1917, George M. Cohan wrote one of the most famous songs of World War I, called 'Over There.'

When Was the Dwarf Planet Pluto Discovered?
On February 18, 1930, Clyde W. Tombaugh, an assistant at the Lowell Observatory in Flagstaff, Arizona, discovered Pluto.

Max Planck Formulates Quantum Theory
In 1900, Max Planck accidentally created quantum physics when he discovered that energy flows in discrete packets called quanta.

1906 San Francisco Earthquake
At 5:12 am on April 18, 1906, a devastating earthquake hit San Francisco, killing 3,000 people and destroying 500 city blocks.

St. Valentines Day Massacre
On the morning of St. Valentine's Day in 1929, seven men were gunned down in cold blood in a garage in Chicago. The massacre, orchestrated by Al Capone, shocked the nation by its brutality.

The Life and Crimes of Al Capone
Al Capone was a notorious gangster who ran an organized crime syndicate in Chicago during the 1920s. Capone, who was both charming and charitable as well as powerful and vicious, became an iconic figure of the successful American gangster. Find out more about this fascinating man in this biography of Al Capone.

The Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
On August 6, 1945, the United States dropped the atomic bomb known as Little Boy on Hiroshima, Japan. Three days later, they dropped another atomic bomb, this time on Nagasaki.

Best Picture Oscar Winners at the Academy Awards
A list of all the Best Picture Oscar winners from every Academy Award ceremony.

Harry S. Truman Biography - 33rd President of the US
President Harry S. Truman took office following the death of FDR. Truman is best remembered for his controversial decision to drop atomic bombs on Japan.

Wright Brothers First Flight
On December 17, 1903, the Wright Brothers made the very first flight of an airplane at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina with their Flyer.

What Everyone Should Know About the Vietnam War
The Vietnam War (1959-1975) was the prolonged struggle between forces attempting to create a communist government and the U.S. attempting to prevent the spread of communism.

Vietnam War - Page 2
The Vietnam War ended with the withdrawal of U.S. forces in 1973 and then the reunification of Vietnam in 1975. Page 2.

Thomas Edison - The Inventor With 1,093 Patents
Thomas Alva Edison, one of the most famous inventors in history, is best known as the inventor of the light bulb, the phonograph, and motion pictures.

Hitler's Failed Coup - The Beer Hall Putsch
On November 8, 1923, Adolf Hitler attempted to seize control of Germany through a putsch (coup). What was he trying to do? How did he fail?

MASH TV Show Premiers
The first episode of the extremely popular TV series MASH aired on CBS on September 17, 1972. while it's final episode is the most watched episode of all time.

Great Depression
The Great Depression struck the United States with surprising force. It began on October 29, 1929 with the Stock Market Crash and only ended after over a decade of hardship and suffering.

Stock Market Crash of 1929
After a boom on the stock market that enticed many everyday people to invest their entire savings, the stock market crashed on October 29, 1929.

Sterilization in Nazi Germany
Six months after Hitler became Chancellor of Germany, the first German compulsory sterilization law was created. Why did the Nazis do this and who did they sterilize?

Sterilization -- Page 2
Six months after Hitler became Chancellor of Germany, the first German compulsory sterilization law was created. Why did the Nazis do this and who did they sterilize? Page 2.

T-4 and the Nazi’s Euthanasia Program
From 1939 to 1945, the Nazi regime killed an estimated 200,000 to 250,000 disabled people as part of a Euthanasia Program named Operation T-4.

Mother Teresa - The Saint of the Gutters
Mother Teresa founded the Missionaries of Charity, a Catholic order of nuns dedicated to helping the poor, the sick, and the dying around the world.

Artist Henri Matisse, an Influential Modernist Painter
Henri Matisse, leader of the Fauvist movement, was one of the most important painters of the 20th century. Learn more about Matisse and find out how a bout of appendicitis started him on his long career.

Anne Frank
Anne Frank, a Jewish teenager who spent two years hiding in a Secret Annex in Amsterdam, is remembered for the diary she kept of her experiences.

List of Oldest US Presidents
Who is the oldest President in U.S. history? Who was the next oldest? Have fun exploring this list of the oldest U.S. Presidents.

The Berlin Wall - Symbol of the Cold War
From August 13, 1961 to November 9, 1989, the Berlin Wall separated communist East Berlin from West Berlin. For 28 years, the Berlin Wall was a symbol of the Cold War.

Charles Manson - Biography of a Serial Killer
Charles Manson is a convicted serial killer who has become an icon of evil. In the late 1960s, Manson founded a hippie, cult group known as

- By Category
An index of categories in the

The Very First Mickey Mouse Cartoon
Walt Disney was on a long, depressing train ride home in April 1928 when he doodled a black and white mouse with big ears and a thin tail. The character that would soon to become Mickey Mouse took the world by storm by appearing in the world's first talking cartoon, Steamboat Willie. Find out more about the history of the very first Mickey Mouse.

Thurgood Marshall - Biography
The life of the first African-American justice of the U.S.Supreme Court. As an attorney, he had successfully argued landmark civil rights cases for the NAACP

First Test-Tube Baby - Louise Brown
On July 25, 1978, Louise Joy Brown, the world's first successful test-tube baby was born.

History of the Oreo Cookie
Since Oreo cookies debuted in 1912, over 362 billion have been sold, making them the best-selling cookie in the United States.

100 Famous African-American Men and Women of the 20th Century
African-American men and women have made great contributions to American society throughout the 20th century. In this article, you will find a listing of 100 African Americans who truly achieved greatness by either advancing civil rights or making major impacts in science, government, sports, or entertainment.

Black History Month Creation and Overview
Black History Month is a month set aside to learn, honor, and celebrate the achievements of black men and women throughout history.

Navajo Code Talkers -- Page 2
Most codes during WWII were broken; yet the Navajo Code Talkers confounded the enemy by talking in a seemingly unbreakable code. Page 2.

Navajo Code Talkers
Most codes during WWII were broken; yet the Navajo Code Talkers confounded the enemy by talking in a seemingly unbreakable code.

Rwandan Genocide - A Short History
Beginning on April 6, 1994, the Rwandan Genocide was the slaughter slaughter of the Tutsis in the African country of Rwanda.

10 Most Influential Scientists of the 20th Century
Scientists had a profound impact on the 20th century. Their discoveries changed how we viewed both ourselves and our surroundings. Learn more about these famous scientists as well and their discoveries in this list of the ten most influential scientists of the 20th century.

14 of the Least Known Facts of Black History
You may know about Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X, but do you know what's the oldest black neighborhood? Or who Betty Boop was based upon? Here are 14 interesting facts about black history.

Jackie Robinson
On April 15, 1947, Jackie Robinson made history by becoming the very first African American to play in a Major League Baseball team. Find out more about Jackie Robinson, the man who broke the color barrier.

Frank Lloyd Wright - Profile and Biography
Frank Lloyd Wright was the most famous architect of the 20th century. He believed in organic architecture, creating its ultimate example by designing a house that hovered over a waterfall (Fallingwater). His life, however, was full of turmoil, including affairs and murder. Learn more about Frank Lloyd Wright's very interesting life.

Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin, creator of the character the Little Tramp, remains one of the most beloved actors of the silent-movie era. In addition to acting, Chaplin directed, produced, and composed music for his films. Learn more about this amazing man who helped shape the motion picture industry.

Columbine Massacre - School Shooting of April 20, 1999
On April 20, 1999, in the suburban town of Littleton, Colorado, two high-school seniors, Dylan Klebold and Eric Harris, enacted an all-out assault on Columbine High School.

Columbine Massacre -- Part 2
Dylan Klebold and Eric Harris planted bombs in the Columbine High School cafeteria but when they didn't explode, the two boys went inside and started shooting. Page 2.

Discovery of the Titanic Shipwreck in 1985
The Titanic, a huge ocean-liner that had sunk in 1912, remained lost at the bottom of the Atlantic Ocean for 73 years. Robert Ballard found it in 1985.

The Mysterious Tunguska Explosion, 1908
On June 30, 1908, a giant explosion shook central Siberia. The explosion, called the Tunguska Event, caused a magnitude 5.0 earthquake and leveled 80 million trees.

Jeannette Rankin Becomes the First Woman Elected to Congress in 1916
On November 6, 1916, Jeannette Rankin ran for an at-large position from Montana and won, thus becoming the very first woman elected to Congress.

Plane That Crashed Into the Empire State Building
At 9:49 a.m. on Saturday, July 28, 1945, a B-25 bomber crashed into the Empire State Building. Why did the bomber crash?

When an Intruder Entered Queen Elizabeth's Bedroom
Learn about how on the morning of July 9, 1982, Queen Elizabeth II woke to find a strange man sitting at the end of her bed.

The Great Smog of 1952 in London
A thick fog engulfed London from December 5 to 9, 1952, mixing with black smoke emitted from homes and factories to create a deadly smog that killed 12,000 people.

Hindenburg - A Giant and Luxurious Zeppelin
The Hindenburg was a rigid airship of Zeppelin design, with luxurious accommodations. Learn more about the design of the Hindenburg.

Fala - Franklin D. Roosevelt's Favorite Dog
Fala, a cute, black Scottish terrier, was famous in his day for being President Franklin D. Roosevelt's favorite pet.

Grace Kelly - Actress and Princess of Monaco
Young, blonde, beautiful Grace Kelly mesmerized audiences with her performances in eleven films in five years. However, she left all that behind when she married Prince Rainier III of Monaco and became a princess.

Munich Massacre
The Munich Massacre was a terrorist attack during the 1972 Olympic Games. Eight Palestinian terrorists killed two members of the Israeli Olympic team and then took nine others hostage. The situation was ended by a huge gunfight that left five of the terrorists and all of the nine hostages dead.

Famous People of the 20th Century - List
Links to biographies of some of the most famous and important people that shaped the 20th century. Page 2 of an alphabetical listing. (L to X)

Famous People of the 20th Century - List
Links to biographies of some of the most famous and important people that shaped the 20th century. Page 2 of an alphabetical listing. (L to X)

Josephine Baker
Best remembered for her exotic banana dance, American-born Josephine Baker moved to France and became an international superstar.

Martin Luther King Jr Quotes
A collection of quotes by civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. about justice, equality, life, law, freedom, peace, discrimination, and love.

Assassination of Martin Luther King Jr
At 6:01 p.m. on April 4, 1968, a shot rang out. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., who had been standing on the balcony of his room at the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, TN, now lay sprawled on the balcony's floor. What happened that evening?

Assassination of Martin Luther King Jr. - Part 2
At 6:01 p.m. on April 4, 1968, a shot rang out. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., who had been standing on the balcony of his room at the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, TN, now lay sprawled on the balcony's floor. What happened that evening? Page 2.

Who Killed Martin Luther King Jr.?
Someone shot and killed civil rights activist Martin Luther King Jr on April 4, 1968. Who shot him, how was he caught, and what happened to him? Page 3.

Everything You Need to Know About WWI
From 1914 to 1919, millions of soldiers fought and died in World War I. Although most of the fighting took place in trenches in Europe, World War I involved nearly the entire world. Learn more about what happened during World War I, who they key people were, and which were the major battles.

10,000 Soldiers Die in Tyrol From Avalanches During World War I
In December 1916, an estimated 10,000 Italian and Austrian soldiers died when avalanches fell on them in the mountainous Alps during World War I.

Jesse Owens
Jesse Owens didn't start out athletic, but by 22 years old, Jesse Owens had won four gold medals at the 1936 Olympic Games.

James Dean Dies in Car Accident, September 30, 1955
Movie star James Dean was driving his new Porsche 550 Spyder when he hit another car nearly head-on, and died at age 24.

Mount Rushmore
On the side of Mount Rushmore in South Dakota, sculptor Gutzon Borglum and 400 workers carved the faces of four U.S. presidents.

E.T. Movie Released
One of the most beloved movies of all time, E.T.: The Extra-Terrestrial was released on June 11, 1982. Discover the history behind the movie.

Glasnost and Perestroika
General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev's new policies of glasnost and perestroika were his attempt to revitalize the Soviet Union.

The Majdanek Concentration Camp, 1941 to 1944
Located some three miles from the center of the Polish city of Lublin, Majdanek was the second largest Nazi concentration camp.

A.A. Milne Publishes Winnie-the-Pooh
With the first publication of the children's book Winnie-the-Pooh on October 14, 1926, the world was introduced to some of the most popular fictional characters of the twentieth century - Winnie the Pooh, Piglet, and Eeyore. The second collection of Winnie-the-Pooh stories, The House at Pooh Corner, appeared on bookshelves just two years later and introduced the character Tigger. Since then, the books have been published worldwide in over twenty languages.

Henry Ford - Biography
The life of the pioneering automobile manufacturer, who designed the Model T for the masses, and introduced the mechanized assembly line.

The History of Dance Craze "The Twist"
The Twist, a dance done by swiveling the hips, became a worldwide dance craze in the early 1960s. Find out who invented it, who made it popular, and how to do it.

Top 10 Totally Fun Books for the History Lover
Searching for some fun gift ideas for history buffs? Check out this list of 10 fun books that every history lover will want in their collection.

Kursk - The Russian Submarine That Sank in the Barents Sea
On August 12, 2000, the Kusk, a Russian nuclear submarine, sank in the Barents Sea. Over the following 9 days, the world hoped for survivors.

Great Train Robbery - The First Silent Film
The Great Train Robbery (1903) was the first silent film. Learn more about the film that set the standard for the future of movie production.

President Bush Announces He Does Not Like Broccoli
In March 1990, everyone was talking about broccoli - healthiest vegetable or most disgusting. It all started when President George H.W. Bush banned broccoli from Air Force One.

Sinking of the Lusitania
After the Lusitania was sunk by a German U-boat on May 7, 1915, the loss of American citizens swayed opinion in the US in favor of joining World War I.

Lorena and John Bobbitt Revenge Story
Lorena Bobbitt cut off half her husband's penis and threw it out a car window on the night of June 23, 1993. Find out what led up to this brutal act.