Medieval History Sitemap - Page 4 2016-09-26

Full-Length Portrait of Vlad Dracula - Vlad Dracula Image Gallery
This full-length portrait was painted. Page 3.

Vlad the Impaler and the Turkish Envoys - Vlad Dracula Image Gallery
Painting by Theodor Aman, made sometime in the 19th century, depicting Vlad Dracula receiving Turkish envoys at court. Page 6.

Portrait of Henry IV of England by an Unknown Artist
Portrait of Henry IV of England by an Unknown Artist in the late 16th or early 17th century. Page 2.

Illustration of Henry IV from Cassell's History of England
Illustration of Henry IV from Cassell's History of England. Page 3.

Signature of King Henry IV of England
Signature of King Henry IV of England, from Old England: A Pictorial Museum by Charles Knight, 1845. Page 6.

Origins of Plague - Possible sites of plague origin in 14th-century Asia
Map of the possible origins of the 14th-century plague and the route it took to Europe. Page 2.

The Black Death Comes to Europe, 1347
Map of the route the Black Death took to arrive in Europe in 1347. Page 3.

Pallium - Image of a Man Wearing a Draped Pallium
Illustration of a man wearing a pallium draped over a tunica. Page 3.

Pallium - Image of a Man Wearing a Folded Pallium
Illustration of a man wearing a folded pallium over a long-sleeved tunica. Page 2.

An Insidious Spread - The Spread of the Black Death Jul.-Dec. 1348
A map depicting the spread of the Black Death in Europe from July to December, 1348. Page 7.

Map of the Spread of the Black Death, 1349 - A slower yet more horrifying progression
Map of the spread of the Black Death in Europe in the year 1349, by your Guide. Page 8.

A Swift Strike - The Spread of the Black Death, Jan.-June 1348
A map depicting the spread of the Black Death from January to June, 1348. Page 4.

The Black Death Spreads through France - 1348 -
A map of the routes taken by the Black Death through France in the 14th century, by your Guide. Page 6.

Map of the Spread of the Black Death through Italy - 1348
A map depicting the Spread of the Black Death through Italy in the 14th century, by your Guide. Page 5.

The Venerable Bede Translates John - Medieval and Renaissance History Portrait Gallery
The Venerable Bede Translates John, by James Doyle Penrose. Page 9.

Alfred the Great - Medieval and Renaissance History Portrait Gallery
A post-medieval portrait of King Alfred the Great of England, based on a period drawing of Alfred by an unknown artist. Page 7.

Richard and Joan Greet Philip
Richard and Joan Greet Philip. Medieval History. Page 3.

The Tomb of Richard the Lionheart
The Tomb of Richard the Lionheart. Page 7.

Richard I and Philip II in Royal Regalia
King Philip II of France is shown at left, holding a scepter, Richard I of England stands at right. Page 2.

Richard and Philip Quarrel in Messina
Richard and Philip Quarrel in Messina. Page 4.

Richard and Philip Receive the Keys to Acre
Richard and Philip Receive the Keys to Acre. Page 5.

Richard Held Captive by Henry VI
Richard Held Captive by Henry VI. Page 6.

Bronze David by Donatello
Sculpture of the David in Bronze by Donatello. Page 8.

Donatello's Statue of St. George
A bronze clopy of Donatello's marble Statue of St. George. Page 3.

Statue of the Prophet Habbakuk or Zuccone by Donatello
Marble statue of Zuccone by Donatello, from the bell tower of the Duomo of Florence. Page 4.

Portrait of Michelangelo by Jacopino del Conte
Portrait of Michelangelo by Jacopino del Conte. Page 4.

Christine at Work - Guarded by Justice with Her Sword and Shield
Christine at Work - Guarded by Justice with Her Sword and Shield. Page 7.

Christine de Pizan Hard at Work
Christine de Pizan Hard at Work. Medieval History.

Statue of Abraham by Donatello
Medieval History. Page 2.

Cantoria - Singers' Gallery
Organ balcony from the Duomo in Florence. Page 5.

Equestrian Statue of Gattamelata
Inspired by the Statue of Marcus Aurelius in Rome. Page 6.

Statue of Mary Magdalen
Painted and gilded wooden carving of Mary Magdalen. Page 7.

Manuscript Image of Gregory the Great Dictating Chant
In this illumination from the Antiphonary of Hartker of Sankt-Gallen, Gregory dictates Gregorian chant. Page 7.

Pope Gregory I Leads a Plague Procession
Folio 71v of Les Très Riches Heures du Duc de Berry depicts Gregory leading a procession around the city to plead for respite from the plague. Page 6.

The Tomb of Pope Saint Gregory the Great
Pope Gregory's tomb can be found in St. Peter's Basilica, Rome. Page 8.

Gregory in his Scriptorium
This portrait of Gregory hard at work in his scriptorium was painted on wood by Meister Theoderich von Prag c. 1370. It currently resides in the National Gallery in Prague. Page 3.

Portrait of Pope Gregory I by Francisco de Zurbaran
This portrait was painted in oil on canvas by Francisco de Zurbarán c. 1626-1627. It resides in the Museo Provincial de Bellas Artes, Seville. Page 4.

Fresco of Pope Gregory the Great in Mistra
Fresco of Pope Gregory the Great, painted sometime in the 14th century in the Aphentico Church in Mistra. Page 2.

Manuscript Miniature of Pope Gregory
This miniature from a manuscript of Gregory's Moralia in Job depicts the scribe presenting a copy of the work to the Holy Roman Emperor. Gregory is in the corner, writing. Page 5.

Pope Gregory the Great Picture Gallery
Portraits, frescoes, and manuscript images of Pope Gregory I, as well as a photo of his tomb.

Elizabeth of York
Portrait of Elizabeth by an unknown artist, c. 1500. Page 2.

Arthur Tudor - Prince of Wales
Portrait of Arthur Tudor by an unknown artist, c. 1500. Page 3.

Henry VIII as a Child
Portrait of Henry as a child by an unknown artist. Page 4.

Young Catherine of Aragon
Portrait of Catherine of Aragon about the time she came to England, by Michel Sittow. Page 5.

Young King Henry VIII
Portrait of Henry VIII in early manhood by an unknown artist. Page 6.

Cardinal Thomas Wolsey
Portrait of Cardinal Wolsey at Christ Church by an unknown artist. Page 7.

Catherine of Aragon - Queen of England
Portrait of Catherine of Aragon by an unknown artist. Page 8.

Anne Boleyn
Portrait of Anne Boleyn by an unknown artist, 1525. Page 9.

Henry VIII at 40
Portrait of Henry at about age 40 by Joos van Cleeve. Page 10.

Resolute Catherine
Miniature of Catherine of Aragon by Lucas Horenbout c. 1525. Page 12.

Pope Clement VII
A portrait of Clement VII, the pope who would not grant Henry his annulment. Page 11.

The Tudor Dynasty - A History in Portraits
A portrait gallery of Tudor monarchs, families, and figures important to the dynasty.

Portrait of Joan
Manuscript images, statues, post-medieval portraits and other images associated with Joan of Arc, the Maid of Lorraine. Page 9.

Jeanne d'Arc by Jules Bastien-Lepage
Manuscript images, statues, post-medieval portraits and other images associated with Joan of Arc, the Maid of Lorraine. Page 4.

Interrogation of Joan
The Cardinal of Winchester interrogates Joan in her prison cell, while a shadowy scribe hovers in the background. Page 7.

Manuscript Illustration of Joan on Horseback
Joan depicted on horseback from an early 16th-century manuscript. Page 2.

Sketch of Joan
Manuscript images, statues, post-medieval portraits and other images associated with Joan of Arc, the Maid of Lorraine. Page 3.

The Signature of Joan of Arc
The signature of Jehanne. Medieval History. Page 8.

Jeanne d'Arc by Eugene Thirion
Manuscript images, statues, post-medieval portraits and other images associated with Joan of Arc, the Maid of Lorraine. Page 5.

Manuscript Illumination of the Attack on Damietta
This Manuscript Illumination depicts Louis leading his Crusaders in a successful attack on Damietta, Egypt. Page 9.

Illumination of Louis IX Washing the Feet of the Poor
This illumination from the 14th-century manuscript The Grandes Chroniques de France depicts Louis IX washing the feet of the poor. Page 6.

Illumination of Louis IX and Pope Innocent IV
This illumination from the 14th-century manuscript The Grandes Chroniques de France depicts Louis IX and Pope Innocent IV meeting in Cluny. Page 7.

Gothic Revival-Style Fresco
Portraitsm, statues and manuscript illuminations of tghe only French king to be made a saint. Page 8.

Statue of Louis in Eure, France
This statue of Louis in the church of Mainneville, Eure, France, is from the early 14th century and is considered to be very close to his actual appearance. Page 3.

Motherhood from the Spirit and the Water
Hildegard of Bingen Gallery. Medieval History. Page 4.

The Mystical Body
Hildegard of Bingen Gallery. Medieval History.

Universal Man
Hildegard of Bingen Gallery. Medieval History. Page 5.

The True Trinity in the True Unity
Hildegard of Bingen Gallery. Medieval History. Page 2.

The Universe
Hildegard of Bingen Gallery. Medieval History. Page 3.

Hildegard and the monk Volmar
Hildegard of Bingen Gallery. Medieval History. Page 6.

Hildegard of Bingen Gallery
Hildegard of Bingen Gallery

Joan at the Coronation of Charles VII
Joan is depicted in plate armor holding her banner as she attends the coronation of Charles VII, the dauphin she helped achieve the throne. Page 6.

Paracelsus Picture Gallery
Portraits, wood-cuts, book frontispieces and monuments of the significant physician and alchemist of the 16th century. Page 2.

Empress Theodora Picture Gallery
Mosaics and sculpture of the formidable 6th-century Byzantine Empress, Theodora. Page 3.

Closeup of Empress Theodora from the Ravenna Mosaic
A closer look at Empress Theodora from the mosaic depicting her and her court. Page 2.

Empress Theodora as depicted in The History of Costume
A Victorian representation of Byzantine costume. Page 4.

Abelard and Heloise Picture Gallery
Portraits, romantic representations, manuscript images and places associated with the famous 12th-century lovers, Peter Abelard and his student, Heloise. Page 3.

Abelard and Heloise Picture Gallery
Portraits, romantic representations, manuscript images and places associated with the famous 12th-century lovers, Peter Abelard and his student, Heloise. Page 6.

Abelard and Heloise Picture Gallery
Portraits, romantic representations, manuscript images and places associated with the famous 12th-century lovers, Peter Abelard and his student, Heloise. Page 5.

Abelard and Heloise Picture Gallery
Portraits, romantic representations, manuscript images and places associated with the famous 12th-century lovers, Peter Abelard and his student, Heloise. Page 9.

Abelard and Heloise Picture Gallery
Portraits, romantic representations, manuscript images and places associated with the famous 12th-century lovers, Peter Abelard and his student, Heloise. Page 8.

Paracelsus Picture Gallery
Portraits, wood-cuts, book frontispieces and monuments of the significant physician and alchemist of the 16th century.

Paracelsus Picture Gallery
Portraits, wood-cuts, book frontispieces and monuments of the significant physician and alchemist of the 16th century.

Paracelsus Picture Gallery
Portraits, wood-cuts, book frontispieces and monuments of the significant physician and alchemist of the 16th century. Page 3.

Paracelsus Picture Gallery
Portraits, wood-cuts, book frontispieces and monuments of the significant physician and alchemist of the 16th century. Page 8.

Paracelsus Picture Gallery
Portraits, wood-cuts, book frontispieces and monuments of the significant physician and alchemist of the 16th century. Page 4.

Paracelsus Picture Gallery
Portraits, wood-cuts, book frontispieces and monuments of the significant physician and alchemist of the 16th century. Page 5.

Paracelsus Picture Gallery
Portraits, wood-cuts, book frontispieces and monuments of the significant physician and alchemist of the 16th century. Page 6.

Paracelsus Picture Gallery
Portraits, wood-cuts, book frontispieces and monuments of the significant physician and alchemist of the 16th century. Page 10.

Abelard and Heloise Picture Gallery
Portraits, romantic representations, manuscript images and places associated with the famous 12th-century lovers, Peter Abelard and his student, Heloise. Page 4.

Abelard and Heloise Picture Gallery
Portraits, romantic representations, manuscript images and places associated with the famous 12th-century lovers, Peter Abelard and his student, Heloise. Page 2.

Cathedral Cemetery in Saint Andrews - Scotland
Photograph of the Cathedral Cemetery in Saint Andrews, Scotland. Page 5.

Saint Andrews Cathedral at Dawn
Photo of the ruins of the cathedral of St, Andrews, Scotland, in early morning light. Page 3.

Wall of Saint Andrews Cathedral and Priory
Photograph of the wall that once enclosed St. Andrews Cathedral and the Augustinian priory. Page 4.

Cottar - Definition of the term Cottar
A manorial term. Medieval History.

People & Places
Find biographies of significant individuals, information about cultural groups, and histories of specific places during the Middle Ages in the resources presented here.

Events & Eras
The Medieval Era spans events from as early as the fourth century up through the seventeenth. It is often broken into the Early, High, and Late Middle Ages and includes numerous wars and crusades, the horrific plague known as the Black Death, and the remarkable movement of art, literature and philosophy that has come to be known as the Renaissance.

Additional Characters in Beowulf
Descriptions of some of the minor characters in the Beowulf poem.

Terms Used in Beowulf
Explanations of unusual terms used in the Beowulf poem.

Vlad Dracula Oil Painting - Vlad Dracula Image Gallery
An oil painting of Vlad Tepes by an unknown artist dating to the late 15th or early 16th century.

Vlad Dracula Image Gallery
A collection of images depicting the 15th-century Wallachian prince.

Henry IV - Portrait by an Unknown Artist
Henry IV - Portrait by an Unknown Artist, c. 16th century

The Spread of the Black Death through Europe - Map Series Index
A series of maps depicting the routes the disease took during the Black Death of the 14th century.

Europe on the Eve of Plague - A Political Map of Europe in 1346
A map depicting the political boundaries of nations in Europe in the year 1346, from your Guide.

Richard the Lionheart Image Gallery
A collection of images of King Richard I of England, including period manuscript illuminations and his tomb at Fontevraud.

Image of Richard I from a 12th-Century Codex
Image of Richard I from a 12th-Century Codex

Donatello Sculpture Gallery
A selection of sculptures and carvings by the master of Renaissance sculpture, Donatello.

Sculpture of a Young Prophet by Donatello
Sculpture from the left pinacle of the tympanum of the Porta della Mandorla in Florence.

Portrait of Pope Gregory the Great by Antonello da Messina
Portrait of Gregory by Antonella da Messina. Tempera on wood, painted c. 1472-1473. Currently in the Museo Nazionale, Palermo.

King Henry VII of England
Portrait of Henry VII by Michael Sittow, c. 1500

Joan of Arc Picture Gallery
A 15th-century miniature depicting Joan in armor, holding a sword.

Portrait of Louis IX as a Young King
This portrait, made centuries after the death of Louis, depicts the young king as he might have looked shortly after ascending the throne at age 12.

Joan of Arc Picture Gallery
Manuscript images, statues, post-medieval portraits and other images associated with Joan of Arc, the Maid of Lorraine.

Empress Theodora Picture Gallery
Mosaics and sculpture of the formidable 6th-century Byzantine Empress, Theodora.

Mosaic of Empress Theodora and Her Retinue
Image of Mosaic of Empress Theodora and Her Retinue

Abelard and Heloise Picture Gallery
Portraits, romantic representations, manuscript images and places associated with the famous 12th-century lovers, Peter Abelard and his student, Heloise.

Abelard and Heloise Picture Gallery
Portraits, romantic representations, manuscript images and places associated with the famous 12th-century lovers, Peter Abelard and his student, Heloise.

Saint Benedict Picture Gallery
The saintly and wise Benedict of Nursia, considered the father of western monasticism, has inspired artwork through the centuries.

Dorter - Definition of a Dorter
The definition of the term Dorter, from your Guide

Cloister - Definition of a Cloister
A definition of the term Cloister, from your Guide.

Carucate - Definition of a Carucate
A definition of the term carucate,from your Guide.

Chevauchée - Definition of Chevauchée
Definition of Chevauchée from your Guide.

Christendom - Definition of Christendom
A definition of Christendom, from your Guide.

Goliards - Wandering Scholars Devoted to Adventure and the Good Life - Goliardic Poets
The Goliards were wandering scholars devoted to adventure and the good life. The Goliards produced the earliest known preserved examples of secular music.

November 22 - This Date in Medieval History - 22 November
Events that took place on November 22nd throughout medieval history.

Cluny - Benedictine Abbey in France
The Benedictine abbey of Cluny was one of the most influential forces in medieval Christian history.

Medieval Organizations and Societies
Professional and semiprofessional organizations concerned with medieval studies.

Medieval Languages - Latin - Old English - Middle English - Languages Used in the Middle Ages
Word lists, grammar aids and other resources to help with Old English, Middle English, Renaissance-era English, Latin and other languages as they were used during the Middle Ages.

Book and Manuscript Art
Sites that focus on manuscript illuminations, printed art, bookplates, covers and bindings.

Jacob Burckhardt - The Civilization of the Renaissance in Italy
Burckhardt's work, completed in 1860, is considered by some scholars to be the beginning of social history. Its view of Renaissance Italy as a distinct culture was challenged almost as soon as it was first published, but it continues to influence Renaissance scholars to this day.

Charlemagne Study Guide - Biography - Timeline - Important Facts
A collection of resources to help students learn about Charlemagne, his life, reign, conquests and legacy, and the empire he built.

Electronic Texts at the Medieval History Site - Free Public Domain Primary and Secondary Sources
Primary sources in translation and secondary sources about medieval topics, to print, download, or read online.

Illumination
Sites that offer background info and images of medieval manuscript illuminations.

Online Books & Images - Medieval History
Sites that offer scanned images of manuscript and printed pages, illuminations and texts.

Primary Sources - Documents from the Middle Ages
Primary Sources in translation from the Middle Ages.

Super Castle Sites - Megasites Focusing on Castles and Castle History
These sites offer virtually everything you could possibly want to know about castles, plus pages and pages focusing on individual castles. One of the most educational ways to waste time on the web!