Insects Sitemap - Page 2 2015-05-22

The Care and Feeding of Caterpillars
Caterpillars may be the perfect pets for kids. By the time your child has lost interest in caring for it, a caterpillar will pupate and no longer need

Characteristics of True Flies - Order Diptera
Insects of the order Diptera, the true flies, are a large and diverse group that includes midges, no-see-ums, gnats, mosquitoes, and all manner of flies.

Which Insect Has the Most Toxic Venom?
Among the venomous insects, some possess only mildly toxic venom, while others pack a serious punch capable of taking down a threat as large as a person. Which insect has the most toxic venom of all?

Grasshoppers, Crickets, and Katydids, Order Orthoptera
The name Orthoptera means

Camel Spider Arachnid Species Overview
Camel spiders inhabit deserts and other arid environments, including areas of the Middle East where U.S. soldiers are stationed. What are camel spiders, exactly, and can they do harm to people?

What Is the Largest Insect That Ever Lived?
You may know that giant insects flew and crawled through prehistoric swamps and forests. But do you know which is the largest insect that ever lived?

Cure Your Arachnophobia
Photo: © Getty Images/Justin Sullivan. Afraid of spiders? Of course you are - you've been brainwashed to fear them. That's (kind of) what researchers from the

Why Do Ladybugs Have Spots? - Question and Answer
Why does the ladybug have spots, and what do they tell us? Learn more about spots and coloration and why they might be necessary to the ladybug's survival.

Habits and Traits of Millipedes, Class Diplopoda
Millipedes also go by the name thousand leggers, but neither name is accurate. These slow-moving decomposers belong to their own arthropod class, the Diplopoda.

Barklice and Booklice, Order Psocoptera
Barklice and booklice belong to the order Psocoptera, but these insects are not lice. Learn the traits of barklice and booklice.

Earwigs, Order Dermaptera
Earwigs were thought to crawl in people's ears, but that almost never happens. These interesting insects belong to the order Dermaptera. Learn the habits and traits of earwigs.

Thigmotaxis
Definition of the term thigmotaxis, with examples of thigmotactic insects.

Entomology Glossary
Entomology is a field full of uncommon but important terms. These resources will help you define insect-related terms.

L
Entomological terms that begin with the letter L.

M
Entomological terms that begin with the letter M.

N
Entomological terms that begin with the letter N.

O
Entomological terms that begin with the letter O.

I
Entomological terms that begin with the letter I.

R
Entomological terms that begin with the letter R.

S
Entomological terms that begin with the letter S.

T
Entomological terms that begin with the letter T.

Entomology Glossary: B
Entomological terms that begin with the letter B.

D
Entomological terms that begin with the letter D.

C
Entomological terms that begin with the letter C.

H
Entomological terms that begin with the letter H.

G
Entomological terms that begin with the letter G.

E
Entomological terms that begin with the letter E.

F
Entomological terms that begin with the letter F.

10 Fascinating Facts About Aphids
Gardeners may not care for the aphids in their gardens, but most entomologists will tell you these insects are pretty interesting to observe. Learn 10 fascinating facts about aphids.

Review of Uncle Milton's Ant Farm® Gel Colony™
Uncle Milton's Ant Farm® Gel Colony™ is not your parents' ant farm. The company that made its name on sand-filled ant farms over 50 years ago now offers a real space age version of their live ant colony. Using a gel medium developed for a 2003 Space Shuttle experiment, the Ant Farm® Gel Colony™ makes ant watching easier than ever before.

Vedalia Ladybugs and the Story of How They Saved the Citrus Orchards
When entomologists hatched a plan to save California's citrus orchards, which were besieged by scale insects, the U.S. Congress refused to fund their work. Learn how scientists thwarted Congress and found the ladybug that saved the citrus industry.

What Good Are Ants?
Can't stand the ants invading your kitchen? Don't dare go in your backyard barefoot, thanks to the fire ants that moved in? Although ants may cause some trouble now and then, as a group, they provide invaluable services that keep the ecosystem healthy. Learn 4 reasons we can't live without ants.

Ants, Family Formicidae
The social ants serve important functions in the ecosystem. Ants aerate and turn the soil, defend plants, pollinate flowers, and disperse seeds. In places where ants exist, they comprise 15-20% of the terrestrial animal biomass. That's a lot of ants.

Aphid-Herding Ants
Ants and aphids have a mutualistic relationship. Ants feed on the honeydew excreted by the aphids, and in exchange, they protect the aphids. Some ants take their jobs as aphid caretakers pretty seriously.

Use Homemade Bait to Get Rid of Sugar Ants
Every now and then, I get an S.O.S. from a reader with a kitchen full of sugar ants. Sugar ants look for sweet foods to gather and bring back to their brood.

Bug Jokes - Tell Us Your Bug Jokes - Insect Jokes - Spider Jokes
Know any good bug jokes? Here's your chance to make us laugh. Share your best bug jokes!

Nominate Your Best Bug Horror Film - Readers' Picks for Best Bug Horror Films
What's your favorite insect horror film?

Worst Pests - Which Insects Are the Worst Pests in Your Garden?
In my garden, the most damaging insect pests seem to be hornworms and squash vine borers. Nothing makes me madder than finding a whole row of tomato plants stripped of all their leaves overnight by some fat tomato hornworm. Except maybe a withered squash vine, destroyed by an undetected squash vine borer. Which insects are the worst pest in your garden?

Brown Recluse Spider Stories - Share Your Brown Recluse Spider Stories
Brown recluse spiders live in a limited area of the U.S. Even where they are abundant, people are rarely bitten by them. Most brown recluse bites heal without medical intervention. Necrotic wounds are often misdiagnosed as recluse bites. But without catching a spider in the act and having that spider identified by an expert, you can't prove a person was bitten by one. Everyone seems to have a brown recluse story. Do you have a story to tell about a brown recluse bite? Share it here. Page 2.

Brown Recluse Spider Stories - Share Your Brown Recluse Spider Stories
Brown recluse spiders live in a limited area of the U.S. Even where they are abundant, people are rarely bitten by them. Most brown recluse bites heal without medical intervention. Necrotic wounds are often misdiagnosed as recluse bites. But without catching a spider in the act and having that spider identified by an expert, you can't prove a person was bitten by one. Everyone seems to have a brown recluse story. Do you have a story to tell about a brown recluse bite? Share it here.

Most Annoying Insect - Which Insect Is the Most Annoying Insect?
Even for the bug lovers among us, certain insects can be downright annoying. Insects that bite or sting, infest our homes, or buzz persistently around our faces are not the best loved insects. Which insects annoy you? Page 2.

Most Annoying Insect - Which Insect Is the Most Annoying Insect?
Even for the bug lovers among us, certain insects can be downright annoying. Insects that bite or sting, infest our homes, or buzz persistently around our faces are not the best loved insects. Which insects annoy you?

Most Annoying Insect - Which Insect Is the Most Annoying Insect?
Even for the bug lovers among us, certain insects can be downright annoying. Insects that bite or sting, infest our homes, or buzz persistently around our faces are not the best loved insects. Which insects annoy you? Page 3.

Insect Sting Similes - Describe the Most Painful Insect Sting You've Experienced
Bee researcher Justin Schmidt created a scale to rank the painfulness of different bee, wasp, and ant stings. He and his colleagues endured the stings of 78 different Hymenopteran species, from honey bees to bullet ants. Schmidt used some interesting similes to describe the stings. For example, he described the sting of a paper wasp as the equivalent of

Mosquito Bite Remedies - Readers Share Their Best Mosquito Bite Remedies
Mosquito bites can get pretty itchy. Do you have a surefire remedy for stopping that annoying mosquito bite itch? Share your tips for stopping the itch of mosquito bites! Page 17.

Mosquito Bite Remedies - Readers Share Their Best Mosquito Bite Remedies
Mosquito bites can get pretty itchy. Do you have a surefire remedy for stopping that annoying mosquito bite itch? Share your tips for stopping the itch of mosquito bites! Page 18.

Mosquito Bite Remedies - Readers Share Their Best Mosquito Bite Remedies
Mosquito bites can get pretty itchy. Do you have a surefire remedy for stopping that annoying mosquito bite itch? Share your tips for stopping the itch of mosquito bites! Page 14.

Mosquito Bite Remedies - Readers Share Their Best Mosquito Bite Remedies
Mosquito bites can get pretty itchy. Do you have a surefire remedy for stopping that annoying mosquito bite itch? Share your tips for stopping the itch of mosquito bites! Page 15.

Mosquito Bite Remedies - Readers Share Their Best Mosquito Bite Remedies
Mosquito bites can get pretty itchy. Do you have a surefire remedy for stopping that annoying mosquito bite itch? Share your tips for stopping the itch of mosquito bites! Page 16.

Mosquito Bite Remedies - Readers Share Their Best Mosquito Bite Remedies
Mosquito bites can get pretty itchy. Do you have a surefire remedy for stopping that annoying mosquito bite itch? Share your tips for stopping the itch of mosquito bites! Page 11.

Mosquito Bite Remedies - Readers Share Their Best Mosquito Bite Remedies
Mosquito bites can get pretty itchy. Do you have a surefire remedy for stopping that annoying mosquito bite itch? Share your tips for stopping the itch of mosquito bites! Page 12.

Mosquito Bite Remedies - Readers Share Their Best Mosquito Bite Remedies
Mosquito bites can get pretty itchy. Do you have a surefire remedy for stopping that annoying mosquito bite itch? Share your tips for stopping the itch of mosquito bites! Page 13.

Mosquito Bite Remedies - Readers Share Their Best Mosquito Bite Remedies
Mosquito bites can get pretty itchy. Do you have a surefire remedy for stopping that annoying mosquito bite itch? Share your tips for stopping the itch of mosquito bites! Page 7.

Mosquito Bite Remedies - Readers Share Their Best Mosquito Bite Remedies
Mosquito bites can get pretty itchy. Do you have a surefire remedy for stopping that annoying mosquito bite itch? Share your tips for stopping the itch of mosquito bites! Page 8.

Mosquito Bite Remedies - Readers Share Their Best Mosquito Bite Remedies
Mosquito bites can get pretty itchy. Do you have a surefire remedy for stopping that annoying mosquito bite itch? Share your tips for stopping the itch of mosquito bites! Page 10.

Mosquito Bite Remedies - Readers Share Their Best Mosquito Bite Remedies
Mosquito bites can get pretty itchy. Do you have a surefire remedy for stopping that annoying mosquito bite itch? Share your tips for stopping the itch of mosquito bites! Page 9.

Mosquito Bite Remedies - Readers Share Their Best Mosquito Bite Remedies
Mosquito bites can get pretty itchy. Do you have a surefire remedy for stopping that annoying mosquito bite itch? Share your tips for stopping the itch of mosquito bites! Page 4.

Mosquito Bite Remedies - Readers Share Their Best Mosquito Bite Remedies
Mosquito bites can get pretty itchy. Do you have a surefire remedy for stopping that annoying mosquito bite itch? Share your tips for stopping the itch of mosquito bites! Page 6.

Mosquito Bite Remedies - Readers Share Their Best Mosquito Bite Remedies
Mosquito bites can get pretty itchy. Do you have a surefire remedy for stopping that annoying mosquito bite itch? Share your tips for stopping the itch of mosquito bites! Page 3.

Mosquito Bite Remedies - Readers Share Their Best Mosquito Bite Remedies
Mosquito bites can get pretty itchy. Do you have a surefire remedy for stopping that annoying mosquito bite itch? Share your tips for stopping the itch of mosquito bites! Page 2.

Mosquito Bite Remedies - Readers Share Their Best Mosquito Bite Remedies
Mosquito bites can get pretty itchy. Do you have a surefire remedy for stopping that annoying mosquito bite itch? Share your tips for stopping the itch of mosquito bites!

Bug Blog - Tell Us About Your Bug Blog - Insect Blog - Spider Blog
Do you have a bug blog? Do you blog about insects, spiders, or other arthropods? Let us know about it!

Favorite Bugs - Which Were Your Favorite Bugs When You Were a Child?
My first insect pet was a June beetle I had when I was six. June beetles and ladybugs were my favorite bugs when I was a child. Did you have any insect pets as a kid? Which were your favorite bugs when you were a child?

Reader Submissions: Tell Us About Your Bug Blog
Do you have a bug blog? Do you blog about insects, spiders, or other arthropods? Let us know about it!

Tarantulas, Family Theraphosidae
Tarantulas belong to the family Theraphosidae. Learn what habits and traits the nearly 900 members of this family share.

Tarantula Hawks, Genus Pepsis
Giant wasps that patrol the desert, searching for tarantulas to sting and eat! It's the stuff of science fiction movies, but this time, it's real. Learn the habits and traits of these spider-hunting wasps known as tarantula hawks.

How to Find Locally Sourced, Native Milkweeds for Your Monarch Butterfly Habitat
The best thing you can do to help conserve monarch butterflies is to plant native milkweeds. Ideally, you should plant locally sourced milkweeds. Not sure where to find milkweed? Here's a guide to how to find the right milkweed for your area.

Bug of the Week - May 7, 2014
Insects.

Bug of the Week - May 14, 2014
Insects.

The Case Against Butterfly Bush
I often do presentations on butterfly gardening and backyard habitats. Without fail, I make someone in the audience upset when I launch into my customary rant

Friday Fact - Bess Beetle Families
Did you know... Bess beetles co-parent their young. Both the mother and father bess beetle stick together to feed and protect their offspring. In fact,

Friday Fact - Honeydew
Insects.

Bug of the Week (Finale)
Insects.

Friday Fact - The Most Destructive Forest Pest in North America
Did you know... Emerald ash borer (EAB), an exotic, invasive pest that first appeared in Michigan in 2002, is now

Bug of the Week - May 21, 2014
Insects.

Bug of the Week - February 19, 2014
Insects.

Friday Fact - Kleptoparasitic Spiders
Did you know... Certain cobweb spiders (subfamily Argyrodinae) are kleptoparasites, animals that steal the food stores of other animals. These clever

Friday Fact - Exploding Ants
Insects.

Bug of the Week - May 1, 2013
Insects.

Where Are the Monarchs?
We're already into the fall monarch migration season, and I have yet to see a single monarch near my NJ home. The milkweed remains untouched. Scientists

True or False: It's Illegal to Kill a Praying Mantis
Praying mantis eating aphids. Photo © Debbie Hadley, WILD Jersey Common knowledge, right? It's illegal to kill a praying mantis. Turns out that's an urban

It's Raining Tiny Caterpillars
First instar gypsy moth caterpillar.Photo: © Debbie Hadley, WILD Jersey Last Friday, I sat in my backyard enjoying the sunshine, and subconsciously flicked a

Free Seeds to Help the Honeybees
As vanishing honeybees continue to threaten our food supply, companies and organizations are helping by getting citizens involved. How can you help save the

Bug Zappers Don't Kill Mosquitoes
Insects.

Cricket Lore - The Chinese Love Affair with Crickets
For over two millenia, the Chinese have been in love with crickets. Visit a Beijing market, and you'll find prize specimens fetching prices that make the

Are Bug Bombs Safe?
Bug bombs, or total room defoggers, are widely available products marketed for do-it-yourself extermination of problem insects, like cockroaches and bedbugs. A

Which Insect's Sting Hurts the Most? Ask the King of Sting
Imagine a bold and unrelenting pain, like somebody is using a drill to excavate your ingrown toenail. That's how Justin Schmidt described the sting of a red

The Truth About Bug Zappers
Bug zappers are one of the most popular bug control devices ever. Walk around any suburban neighborhood in the evening, and you'll hear the pop and sizzle of

Indiana Man's Death Blamed on Brown Recluse Spider
Headlines about brown recluse spiders always catch my attention, so my antennae were raised by a news item from Indiana:

Bug or Insect?
Lately, a couple of Facebook fans of this site have criticized my liberal use of the word

Darwin and the Hawk Moths of Madagascar
Hawk moths are a favorite subject of study by naturalists, photographers, and insect enthusiasts. They're big, beefy moths with sometimes showy patterns and

Do Conkers Repel Spiders? Prove It!
While doing a little research last week, I discovered an unusual phrase that seems to be getting a lot of interest from internet searchers recently -

Child Dies After Mom Misuses Bug Bombs
This is a truly heartbreaking story with a tragic ending. A well-intentioned mother in South Carolina and her two young sons moved into a mobile home, ready to

Why You Should Buy Local Honey
Some say local honey will cure your seasonal allergies, and others say it's just plain good. Whether you want to reduce your carbon footprint or support local

Why Spiders Decorate Their Webs – Spider Web Decorations
Some spiders make elaborate decorations in their webs - circles, zigzags, crosses, or spirals. What purpose do these web decorations, called stabilimenta, serve?

Black and Yellow Garden Spider, Aurantia argiope
The black and yellow garden spider, Aurantia argiope, is one of our largest North American spiders. Although you may find its size startling, it's really quite harmless and actually beneficial. Learn the habits and traits of the black and yellow garden spider.

Why Don't Monarchs Get Sick From Eating Milkweed?
Did you ever wonder why monarch caterpillars don't get sick from eating toxic milkweed? Learn how monarch butterflies have co-evolved with milkweed, and how they disable the milkweed's defenses.

Why Are My Monarchs Turning Black?
If you're raising monarch butterflies, you should know the signs and causes of

Fall Webworm, Hyphantria cunea
Fall webworm, a moth native to North America, produces unsightly silk tents on hardwood trees. The fall webworm larvae live communally in their tents, where they feed and grow.

Camel and Cave Crickets, Family Rhaphidophoridae
Camel and cave crickets are not true crickets. These long-legged, humpbacked crickets belong to their own family, Rhaphidophoridae. Learn the habits and traits of camel and cave crickets.

How Do Ticks Get on You? - How Ticks Find Their Hosts
Learn the science behind how ticks sense and locate their hosts. Knowing how a tick gets on you can help you avoid them.

Praying Mantis Egg Case
Learn about praying mantid egg cases, called oothecae, and how to watch young mantids emerge from an ootheca.

Why Does This Monarch Butterfly Have Crumpled Wings?
A monarch butterfly with deformed wings is probably infected with a parasite. Learn what to do if you find a monarch butterfly with crumpled wings, and how to confirm the cause.

Mosquito Bite Remedies - Readers Share Their Best Mosquito Bite Remedies
Mosquito bites can get pretty itchy. Do you have a surefire remedy for stopping that annoying mosquito bite itch? Share your tips for stopping the itch of mosquito bites! Page 5.

Most Annoying Insect - Which Insect Is the Most Annoying Insect?
Even for the bug lovers among us, certain insects can be downright annoying. Insects that bite or sting, infest our homes, or buzz persistently around our faces are not the best loved insects. Which insects annoy you? Page 4.

Skimmers, Family Libellulidae
Skimmers (Family Libellulidae) are the largest and most diverse dragonfly family. Learn the habits and traits of these colorful dragonflies.

Biggest Living Insect – What Is the Biggest Living Insect
Which insect holds the record for being the biggest living insect? That all depends on how you define

How Do Insects Breathe?
Insects require oxygen to live, and produce carbon dioxide as a waste product, just as we do. Insects, don't have lungs, so how do insects breathe?

Why Do Bugs Die On Their Backs?
Why do dying insects always seem to wiggle their legs in the air and expire on their backs?

Why Do Bees Swarm?
Learn how and why honey bees relocate their hives, and why you shouldn't worry if you find a bee swarm in your yard.

The Parts of a Butterfly - A Diagram
Whether large or small, butterflies share certain morphological features. This diagram highlights the basic common anatomy of an adult butterfly or moth.

Why Do Spiders Bite Humans?
Why do spiders bite humans? Actually, that

Insect and Spider Folklore, Proverbs, and Legends
Do you really swallow spiders when you sleep? Can you tell the temperature by counting a cricket's chirps? This is where you'll find the truth about all those legends, proverbs, and stories you've been told about insects and spiders.

10 Biggest Beetle Families in North America
Almost 70% of the beetles in the U.S. and Canada belong to one of these 10 beetle families. Learn to recognize these 10 families, and you will be well on your way to identifying most of the beetles you find.

Leaf and Seed Beetles, Family Chrysomelidae
Leaf and seed beetles (family Chrysomelidae) make up one of the largest beetle groups. Many cause significant damage to garden and farm crops. Learn the habits and traits of leaf and seed beetles.

Insect Movies and TV Shows - Movies and TV Shows for Insect Lovers
Looking for a good movie starring insects? How about tv shows that feature bugs? You'll find them here.

How Cockroaches Detect the Flow of Air to Escape Predators
Try to stomp on a cockroach, and it will almost always escape being squashed. Cockroaches use special appendages to detect any movement in the air around them, and flee from the wind. But what happens if you use a vacuum to reverse the flow of air? Will it fool the cockroach?

Which Is the Deadliest Insect on Earth?
Though the vast majority of insects do us no harm, and, in fact, make our lives better, a few insects exist that can kill us. Which is the deadliest insect on Earth?

What to Do About a Brown Recluse Spider Bite
While Googling some information on brown recluse bites, my eyes were immediately drawn to two words that seemed out of place - stun gun. As in,

Check the Bedbug Registry for Hotels to Avoid
Last summer, I had my first encounter with bedbugs in a Virginia hotel room. Fortunately, I didn't carry the critters with me back home. In the past few years,

Ten Funny Bug Jokes and Riddles
Just for fun - 10 of my favorite bug riddles. Know any good ones? You can share your bug jokes and riddles, too!

Definition of the Term Nymph
Definition of the term nymph. Insects.

Different Types of Insect Pupal Forms
Entomologists describe insect pupae using unusual terms: obtect, exarate, coarctate, decticous, and adecticous. Learn about these 5 types of insect pupae, and which terms apply to which insect orders.

Courtship Rituals in Insect Mating
Female insects have a lot of possible choices when it comes to mates. To stand out among the competition, males will use all kinds of courtship rituals, from gift giving to aphrodisiacs.

Why Do Insects Migrate?
Like birds, mammals, and other larger animals, some insects migrate. Insect migration is more than just movement from one place to another. Learn what migration is, and why and when insects relocate.

How to Identify Insects That Look Alike
How do you tell the difference between two bugs that look similar? This guide will help you differentiate between insects and other arthropods that are commonly mistaken for one another.

How Insects Taste Their Food (Chemoreception)
Since some insects eat very specific plants or prey, they must have a way to distinguish one taste from another. How does an insect taste its food?

Monarch Butterfly, Danaus Plexippus
The Monarch butterfly, familiar to nearly everyone in North America, depends on milkweed plants for caterpillars to eat. The orange and black butterflies are best known for their seasonal migrations to and from Mexico.

Emerald Ash Borer (Agrilus planipennis)
In the eastern U.S., emerald ash borer may be the worst tree pest of all. Since its accidental introduction from Asia in the 1990's, emerald ash borers have killed millions of ash trees. Worse still, this invasive pest is spreading. Make sure you know how to identify it when it reaches your neck of the woods.

Stag Beetles, Family Lucanidae
In some parts of the world, people rear stag beetles and stage battles between then. Learn about these large insects, the stag beetles (family Lucanidae).

Mayflies, Order Ephemeroptera
Mayflies live briefly as adults, sometimes only hours. In their immature, aquatic stage, they serve as important bioindicators of good water quality. Learn the habits and traits of mayflies, order Ephemeroptera.

Ground Beetles, Family Carabidae
Ground beetles hide under rocks and boards by day, and hunt insects and other invertebrates by night. Most are predatory in both the larval and adult stages, making ground beetles true powerhouses among the beneficial insects of the garden.

Carrion Beetles - Family Silphidae
Carrion beetles may seem gross, but trust me, we all owe a debt of gratitude to these industrious beetles for getting rid of all the dead stuff around us. Carrion beetles feed on, and sometimes bury, decomposing bodies.

Beetles That Eat Bodies - Carrion Feeding Beetles
For all the CSI fans out there, here's an introduction to beetles that eat bodies. Forensic entomologists study these beetles to provide clues about what happened to a corpse.

What Is Batesian Mimicry? - Definition and Examples
Naturalist Henry Bates, a peer of Charles Darwin, first discussed how insects use mimicry to defend themselves. One form of mimicry is now named for him – Batesian mimicry.

What to Feed Your Pet Millipede
Pet millipedes must be fed daily. You can choose from a variety of fruits and vegetables when your feed your pet millipede.

Habits and Traits of Bess Beetles, Family Passalidae
What could be cooler than bess beetles? Both males and females care for their young. They live together as families. And they make 14 different sounds to communicate with one another.

The Family Geometridae (Moths, Inchworms, and Loopers)
Learn the habits and traits of geometer moths, family Geometridae. Their larvae are known as loopers, inchworms, or spanworms.

Host Plants for a Butterfly Garden
Include caterpillar host plants in your butterfly garden, and you'll attract a lot more butterflies as they visit your plants to lay eggs. Here's a list of butterflies likely to visit your garden, and the host plants you'll need to support their caterpillars.

Insects That Defend Themselves by Playing Dead
Insects use many defensive strategies to protect themselves from predators, from chemical sprays to bites or stings. Some insects take a more passive approach to self-defense, though, by simply playing dead.

How to Attract Beneficial Bugs to a Garden
These easy recipes will help you attract beneficial insects. Just choose a recipe, mix as directed, and apply it in your garden, and you'll invite ladybugs, lacewings, and other good bugs to your garden. Then they'll stay and feed on your pests.

What Are Bombardier Beetles?
Bombardier beetles top the list of strange but effective insect defenses. Potential predators learn a hard lesson when they mess with the bombardier beetle.

A Guide to Caring for Pet Millipedes
So you're thinking about getting a pet millipede? Pet millipedes are a good choice for people who want to keep live arthropods, and make great classroom pets. This guide will teach you everything you need to know about caring for pet millipedes.

Using a Black Light to Collect Insects at Night
Entomologists use black lights to attract and collect night-flying insects, like moths. Learn the two methods for using black light to collect insects.

Prepare for a Visit to a Butterfly House
Thinking of visiting a butterfly house? This article will help you understand the butterfly behaviors you observe. Also, I'll give you tips for getting a butterfly to land on you, and for how to take better photographs at the butterfly exhibit.

Difference Between Sawfly Larva and Caterpillar
Are you sure you're looking at a caterpillar? Sawfly larvae look very similar to caterpillars. There's one easy way to tell them apart - count their legs.

Social Insects
When we speak of social insects, we aren't just referring to insects that live in groups. Entomologists define true social insects, or eusocial insects as they are properly called, by 3 obligate characteristics. Learn what defines an insect as social, and the degrees of sociality, from solitary to eusocial.

Why Do Butterflies Gather Around Puddles?
Butterflies can't get all their nutrients from nectar. They need to drink from mud puddles, too. Here's why.

Rove Beetles (Family Staphylinidae): Profile
People often mistake rove beetles for earwigs. These tiny beetles make up the family Staphylinidae, which may be the largest of all beetle families. Learn the habits and traits of rove beetles.

An Early History of Forensic Entomology, 1300-1900
In recent decades, the use of entomology as a tool in forensic investigations has become fairly routine. The field of forensic entomology has a much longer history than you might suspect, dating all the way back to the 13th century. Here's how we went from believing maggots lived in meat to understanding how insects colonize cadavers.

Definition of the Term LD50
Definition of the term LD50. Insects.

Scarab Beetles, Family Scarabaeidae
Scarab beetles include the biggest insects in the world, in terms of sheer mass. Scarabs were revered in ancient Egypt as symbols of resurrection. More than just powerhouses, scarab beetles serve important roles in the habitats where they live. The family Scarabaeidae includes dung beetles, June beetles, rhinoceros beetles, chafers, and flower scarabs.

How to Make a Pitfall Trap to Catch Crawling Insects
A pitfall trap is an essential tool for catching and studying ground-dwelling insects, particularly springtails and ground beetles. You can build and set up a simple pitfall trap in less than half an hour, using recycled materials.

How Insects Fly
Insect flight remained something of a mystery to scientists until recently. Advances in camera technology have allowed scientists to film insects flying, and analyze their movements. Here's what we know about how insects fly.

How Plant-Eating Insects Find the Right Food
Plant-eating insects may eat a variety of plants, or specialize in eating only one kind. Either way, no plant-eating insect will eat every green thing it finds. There must be some way for insects to know which plant is which, and to find the right food plant for its own species. How do they do it?

Diagram of the Parts of a Caterpillar
Caterpillars come in many colors, shapes, and sizes. Some caterpillars are quite hairy, while others are smooth. Regardless of these varied features, all caterpillars share certain morphological features. These common features are labeled and described in this caterpillar diagram.

Diagram of the Insect Excretory System
The Malpighian tubules and the hindgut work together to excrete waste products, primarily nitrogenous wastes, from the insect's body.

Color Diagrams of Insect Organs and Internal Structures
Though tiny, an insect's body contains organs and structures that control its vital functions. In this article, learn the names and functions of each part.

Diagram of the Insect Nervous System
The insect nervous system consists primarily of the brain and a nerve cord that runs ventrally through the thorax and abdomen.

Diagram of the Insect Digestive System
Insect digestion occurs as food travels through the enclosed alimentary canal. Each of the three regions of the canal provide a different function.

Diagram of the Insect Circulatory System
Insects have a single vessel that functions as the heart and aorta, pumping hemolymph through the body. The insect circulatory system is an open system, where blood flows freely inside the body cavity without the aid of veins or arteries.

Diagram of the Insect Respiratory System
Like us, insects need oxygen to live and must expel carbon dioxide. A simple but effective respiratory system carries oxygen directly to each cell.

Diagram of the Insect Reproductive System
Male and female insects have reproductive organs that produce sperm and eggs, respectively. This diagram shows the female reproductive system.

What Are Fire Ants?
If you don't live in fire ant territory, you may wonder what all the fuss is about. And if you do, you may want to learn more about these aggressive pests. Exactly what are fire ants?

Definition of Malpighian Tubules
Definition of the term Malpighian tubules.

How Insects Grow (The Molting Process)
Insects grow in increments; in fact, all arthropods do. Each stage of growth ends with molting, the process of shedding and replacing the rigid exoskeleton. People often think molting is the simple act of an insect breaking out of its skin and leaving it behind. In truth, the molting process is a complex one involving hormones, proteins, and enzymes.

Identify an Insect: How Does It Move?
Noting how your mystery insect moves is helpful, especially if you did not capture it for identification. Even if these traits don’t give you definitive answers to an insect’s identity, making notes on their movement patterns will teach you something about how that insect lives.

Ten Simple Questions to Help You Identify an Insect
Have an unknown insect that you want to identify? Use these questions to collect information about your specimen, before you try to use a key or field guide.

Identify an Insect: Is the Insect An Adult?
The taxonomic orders are based on the adult forms of insects. You need to know if the insect is an adult before you try to identify it.

Identify an Insect: Where Does It Live and When Is It Active?
Insects live in certain climates and habitats. Make a few notes about where you found or observed the insect. Insects may be nocturnal or diurnal - this is also a clue to an insect's identity.

Identify an Insect: What Do the Wings Look Like?
The presence and structure of the wings may be your best clue to identifying an insect. In fact, many insect orders are named for a specific wing characteristic.

Identify an Insect: What Do the Antennae Look Like?
Insect antennae come in a variety of forms, and are an important characteristic to examine when trying to identify an insect.

Identify an Insect: What Do the Legs Look Like?
An insect’s legs are adaptations that help it move, eat, and survive predators. The shape and structure of an insect's legs is a key to identifying the insect.

Identify an Insect: What Do the Mouthparts Look Like?
The insect world is diverse, and that diversity is well represented by the different types of mouthparts insects may have.

Identify an Insect: What Does the Abdomen Look Like?
The abdomen is the third region of the insect body. Like all arthropods, insects have segmented bodies. The number of abdominal segments can vary between insect orders. The abdomen may also have appendages that are clues to the identity of the mystery insect.

Identify an Insect: What Color Is It?
Insects can be quite colorful, with distinct markings that are unique to a certain species. Note any colors and patterns on the wings and the body of your mystery insect. If there are dots or stripes, try to count them. This may help you identify your insect.

How Can Ants Lift Objects 50 Times Their Body Weight?
Just what makes that little old ant think he can move that rubber tree plant? Everyone knows an ant can't move a rubber tree plant. Or can it?

Do Ticks Bite in Winter?
On unseasonably warm winter days, people and pets like to go outdoors for some fresh air. Should you protect yourself from tick bites in winter?

Asian Longhorned Beetle or Whitespotted Sawyer?
Learn to differentiate the exotic Asian longhorn beetle from the native whitespotted sawyer beetle.

Butterfly Habitat - 10 Tips for Attracting Butterflies to Your Backyard
Thinking of turning your yard into a butterfly habitat? Here are 10 tips to help you attract the most butterflies to your backyard.

Butterfly Habitat - 10 Tips for Attracting Butterflies to Your Backyard
Thinking of turning your yard into a butterfly habitat? Here are 10 tips to help you attract the most butterflies to your backyard.

Butterfly Habitat - 10 Tips for Attracting Butterflies to Your Backyard
Thinking of turning your yard into a butterfly habitat? Here are 10 tips to help you attract the most butterflies to your backyard.

Butterfly Habitat - 10 Tips for Attracting Butterflies to Your Backyard
Thinking of turning your yard into a butterfly habitat? Here are 10 tips to help you attract the most butterflies to your backyard.

Butterfly Habitat - 10 Tips for Attracting Butterflies to Your Backyard
Thinking of turning your yard into a butterfly habitat? Here are 10 tips to help you attract the most butterflies to your backyard.

Butterfly Habitat - 10 Tips for Attracting Butterflies to Your Backyard
Thinking of turning your yard into a butterfly habitat? Here are 10 tips to help you attract the most butterflies to your backyard.

Butterfly Habitat - 10 Tips for Attracting Butterflies to Your Backyard
Thinking of turning your yard into a butterfly habitat? Here are 10 tips to help you attract the most butterflies to your backyard.

Butterfly Habitat - 10 Tips for Attracting Butterflies to Your Backyard
Thinking of turning your yard into a butterfly habitat? Here are 10 tips to help you attract the most butterflies to your backyard.

Butterfly Habitat - 10 Tips for Attracting Butterflies to Your Backyard
Thinking of turning your yard into a butterfly habitat? Here are 10 tips to help you attract the most butterflies to your backyard.

Butterfly Habitat - 10 Tips for Attracting Butterflies to Your Backyard
Thinking of turning your yard into a butterfly habitat? Here are 10 tips to help you attract the most butterflies to your backyard.

5 Questions to Ask Yourself Before You Get a Pet Tarantula
A tarantula can make a great pet, but it's not the pet for everyone. Please don't make an impulsive tarantula purchase at a pet store unless you understand your responsibilities as a tarantula owner. A tarantula is an animal, not a toy. Here are 5 questions you should ask yourself before you get a pet tarantula.

Where the Heck Did All These Stink Bugs Come From?!
Tips for dealing with brown marmorated stink bugs in your home.

Do Grits Kill Fire Ants?
This home remedy for killing fire ants gets passed around the internet quite a lot. However, does it actually work?

10 Fascinating Facts About Stick Insects
Stick insects live on every continent except Antarctica, though most of the world's stick insects inhabit the tropics. You may know stick insects for their camouflage, but there's a lot more to Phasmids than that. Here are 10 cool facts about stick insects you might not know.

Braconid Wasps, Family Braconidae
Braconid wasps (family Braconidae) are parasitoids of other insects. Learn the habits and traits of these tiny wasps, and how they help control pest populations.

Centipedes and Millipedes - Articles About Centipedes and Millipedes
Centipedes and millipedes are often included in field guides to insects and spiders. These many-legged creatures do share common arthropod traits with their insect cousins, but are classified in their own classes taxonomically.

House Centipede, Scutigera coleoptrata


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Isopods - Pillbugs, Sowbugs, and Other Isopods
Isopods may be the closest relatives to insects, though they aren't insects at all. Isopods are terrestrial crustaceans.

Insects That Make Galls – Gallmaking Insects
Most galls on plants are the result of insect or mite activity. Quite a few insects, from wasps to midges, are gallmakers. This article outlines the most common gallmaking insects, and the kinds of galls they produce.

Learn About the Types of Insect Metamorphosis
The physical transformation of an insect from one stage of its life cycle to another is called metamorphosis. Learn more about it here. Page 1.

Little or No Metamorphosis
The most primitive insects, such as springtails, undergo little or no true metamorphosis during their life cycles. Entomologists refer to these insects as ametabolous, from the Greek for

Simple or Gradual Metamorphosis
In gradual metamorphosis, three life stages occur: egg, nymph, and adult. Insects with gradual metamorphosis are said to be hemimetabolous

Complete Metamorphosis - Types of Insect Metamorphosis
Most insects undergo complete metamorphosis. Each stage of the life cycle – egg, larva, pupa, and adult – looks different from the others. Entomologists call these insects holometabolous. Page 4.

Gall Wasps, Family Cynipidae
Gall wasps (family Cynipidae) are probably the most common gall-making insects. Learn the habits and traits of gall wasps, and which plants they affect.

What Are These Tiny Red Bugs in My House?
Help! I have hundreds of tiny red bugs on my windowsills and curtains. When I squash them, they leave nasty red stains on everything. What are they and how do I get rid of them?

Dragonflies and Damselflies, Order Odonata
The order Odonata includes dragonflies and damselflies, dedicated predators of other insects. Odonates begin life in ponds, streams, and other freshwater sources.

Common Green Darner, Anax junius
Learn the habits and traits of the common green darner, one of North America's largest and most common dragonflies.

Darners, Family Aeshnidae
Darners (family Aeshnidae) are large dragonflies and strong fliers. Learn the habits and traits of these odonates, and how to identify them.

Dragonflies, Suborder Anisoptera
Within their order, Odonata, dragonflies are classified in their own suborder, the Anisoptera. All dragonflies in the suborder Anisoptera share certain traits, and differ from damselflies (which have their own suborder, Zygoptera).

Can Woolly Worms Really Predict the Winter Weather?
Folk wisdom holds that woolly worms (aka woolly bears), the caterpillars of the Isabella tiger moth, can predict the winter weather. How do woolly bears tell whether winter will be mild or harsh, and are they accurate?

Tulip tree - 10 Best North American Trees for Bees
Tulip poplars are actually magnolias, not poplars. Their large blossoms are highly attractive to honey bees and other pollinators.

10 Best North American Trees for Bees
Learn which trees are the most attractive to pollinating bees in North America.

Serviceberry - 10 Best North American Trees for Bees
Serviceberry blooms early, and provides nectar and pollen for bees.

Locust - 10 Best North American Trees for Bees
Locust trees get a bad reputation, thanks to the invasive black locust, but they are valuable to foraging bees.

Crabapple - 10 Best North American Trees for Bees
Crabapples attract pollinators like orchard mason bees.

Redbud - 10 Best North American Trees for Bees
The bright pink flowers of the redbud tree attract bees in spring.

Cherry - 10 Best North American Trees for Bees
Cherry trees are highly valued by pollinators.

Sourwood - 10 Best North American Trees for Bees
The sourwood tree attracts honey bees, which produce a prized honey from its nectar.

Southern Magnolia - 10 Best North American Trees for Bees
Magnolias produce showy, fragrant flowers that attract bees in the spring.

American Basswood - 10 Best North American Trees for Bees
American basswood, or linden, provides a good source of nectar for bees.

Tupelo - 10 Best North American Trees for Bees
Honey bees gather nectar from tupelo trees, and their tupelo honey goes for a high price.

How to Use Crickets to Calculate Temperature
You can determine the approximate temperature be counting the number of times a cricket chirps in one minute. Just use these equations to calculate the temperature.

Keep Caterpillars, Cocoons, and Chrysalides in Winter
In the fall, you can find caterpillars you might want to raise through adulthood. But what do you need to do to keep a caterpillar through winter months?

Which Insect Makes the Biggest Swarm?
Honey bees, ants, termites, and even gnats swarm. But none of these swarming insects comes close to holding the world record for the biggest swarm.

What Is Bee Propolis? - Question and Answer
Bee propolis may have potential for curing diseases, including some forms of cancer. Learn what bee propolis is and how bees make it.

What Are Antennae? - Definition and Examples
Antennae serve different sensory functions for different insects. Find the definition of the term antennae here and follow the links for more information.

Schmidt Pain Index of Insect Stings
How much do insect stings hurt? Justin Schmidt, a researcher from the Carl Hayden Bee Research Center, can tell you from personal experience.

How to Handle a Caterpillar Properly and Safely
Learn how to pick up a caterpillar without harming it, and which caterpillars you should avoid touching. Complete with photos. Page 1.

How to Provide the Right Housing for Your Caterpillar
Learn how to make a caterpillar habitat, and what your caterpillar will need in its new home, complete with photos. Page 2.

Provide the Right Food for Your Caterpillar
These tips will help you provide the proper food for your caterpillar, even if you aren't sure what kind of caterpillar it is. Page 3.

How to Keep Your Caterpillar's Home Clean
Learn how to keep your caterpillar's home clean and healthy. Page 4.

What to Do After the Caterpillar Pupates
Once the caterpillar pupates, you'll need to do a few things to keep the pupa viable until it emerges. Learn how to care for a butterfly or moth pupa. Page 5.

List of the 50 U.S. State Insects
Which of the 50 states have designated official state insects to represent them? Many states established state insects at the request of children, who learned to lobby their representatives and get a law passed while honoring their favorite insect. Learn the state insects and how they were chosen.

List of the 50 U.S. State Insects
Which of the 50 states have designated official state insects to represent them? Many states established state insects at the request of children, who learned to lobby their representatives and get a law passed while honoring their favorite insect. Learn the state insects and how they were chosen.

6 Butterflies You Can Find in the Winter
Are you weary of winter? Get outside and look for butterflies! Believe it or not, you can find these 6 butterfly species during the winter months, even if you live in the northern reaches of their ranges.

List of the 50 U.S. State Insects
Which of the 50 states have designated official state insects to represent them? Many states established state insects at the request of children, who learned to lobby their representatives and get a law passed while honoring their favorite insect. Learn the state insects and how they were chosen.

List of the 50 U.S. State Insects
Which of the 50 states have designated official state insects to represent them? Many states established state insects at the request of children, who learned to lobby their representatives and get a law passed while honoring their favorite insect. Learn the state insects and how they were chosen.

7 Insect Pollinators That Aren’t Bees or Butterflies
Sure, bees and butterflies do a lot of pollinating, but they aren't the only insects that move pollen from flower to flower. Learn about these 7 insect pollinators that aren't bees or butterflies.

List of the 50 U.S. State Insects
Which of the 50 states have designated official state insects to represent them? Many states established state insects at the request of children, who learned to lobby their representatives and get a law passed while honoring their favorite insect. Learn the state insects and how they were chosen.

Spider Snacks - Cookies, Cakes, and Candy for a Spider Themed Party
These cookies, candies, and cakes look like spiders, but taste delicious. Make some spider-themed treats for a Halloween party, or to celebrate spiders in your classroom.

5 Best Bug Horror Films - 5 Insect Fear Films That Will Make Your Skin Crawl
Do you like scary movies with lots of bugs? Here are my picks for the top 5 insect horror movies of all time.

Sawflies, Horntails, and Wood Wasps - Families of Sawflies, Horntails, and Wood Wasps - Suborder Symphyta
The sawflies, horntails, and wood wasps have traditionally been grouped together in the suborder Symphyta, although this classification may change. The symphytes include 12 families, described here.

Twelve "Must Have" Tools for Studying Live Insects
Insects are everywhere, but without the proper tools to collect and observe them, you may never find them. These

Butterfly Exhibits Around the World
There are butterfly conservatories and gardens all over the world. Here are some of the best butterfly exhibits in the world. Plan a trip to visit one soon, and don’t forget your camera!

Insects Attracted to Lights – Why Are Insects Attracted to Lights?
Did you ever wonder why so many insects circle around your porch light?

How to Prevent Garden Pests - 5 Things You Can Do in Fall to Prevent Garden Pests Next Year
Don't wait until spring to relive this year's garden pest nightmares. The best defense against insect pests is a good offense, and that means starting in fall. If this year's harvest was a bust, try these 5 things you can do to prevent pest problems in next year's garden. You'll thank me when you're picking tomatoes and cucumbers.

True Crickets, Family Gryllidae
True crickets (Family Gryllidae) are best known for their courtship songs. Learn the morphological traits that all true crickets share, and how they communicate with melodic chirps.

Bugs in Your Food
Think you'd never eat a bug? I've got news for you. You eat bugs every day. Food manufacturers use bugs for everything from coloring to candy coatings. Learn about the bugs you're eating and how to find the bugs on food labels.

A Guide to Caring for Bess Beetles
Bess beetles (or bessbugs) make good pets, and are especially easygoing insects children to handle. This guide covers everything you need to know about keeping bess beetles in captivity.

Leaf-Footed Bugs, Family Coreidae
Leaf-footed bugs (Family Coreidae) usually have a leaf-like expansion on their hind legs. These plant-eating insects can be quite large. Learn the habits and traits of leaf-footed bugs.

Scorpions, Order Scorpiones
Most people believe scorpions (Order Scorpiones) are desert creatures with dangerous venom, but this is only partially true. Scorpions live in all kinds of habitats, and very few of them can hurt you. Learn the habits and traits of scorpions.

Silverfish and Firebrats, Order Thysanura
Silverfish and firebrats often inhabit human dwellings, and can be a nuisance when they damage books and other paper products. These wingless insects belong to the order Thysanura.

Did a Florida Man Really Die From a Brown Recluse Bite?
When the news media reports a man in Florida died from a brown recluse spider bite, should you believe it? Read such stories with a healthy dose of skepticism, and question the

Plant Bugs, Family Miridae
The family Miridae is the largest group in the order of true bugs, with over 10,000 known species. Most plant bugs feed on plants, as you may have guessed. Learn about the habits and traits of plant bugs.

Mites and Ticks, Order Acari
Mites and ticks are arachnids, related to spiders, but they're classified in a separate order - the Acari. Learn the habits and traits of mites and ticks.

Katydids, Family Tettigoniidae
Katydids are close cousins of crickets, but quite different in appearance. Learn the habits and traits of katydids (Family Tettigoniidae).

What Is Spider Silk?
Spider silk is one of the world's toughest natural substances. Learn what makes it so unique.

Non-Invasive Buddleia for the Butterfly Garden
Butterfly gardeners can now choose sterile cultivars of butterfly bush, thanks to Buddleia breeders. Learn which varieties are non-invasive, and why that's important.

What Are Exotic, Invasive Insects?
Some organisms, including insects, are referred to as exotic, invasive species. Put simply, these organisms were introduced, intentionally or accidentally, into an ecosystem outside their own and managed to thrive. Alien invasive species can tip the balance in an ecosystem, sometimes with serious environmental and economic consequences.

Pseudoscorpions, Order Pseudoscorpiones
If not for their tiny size, pseudoscorpions might be rather intimidating. These tiny arachnids get their name from their resemblance to true scorpions.

10 Fascinating Facts about Bess Beetles
Many people are unfamiliar with bess beetles, because they spend their lives inside rotting logs and aren't often seen. These insects live fairly sophisticated lives, however. Just read these 10 fascinating facts about bess beetles.

Trilobites, Subphylum Trilobita
Trilobites, ancient marine arthropods, filled the Paleozoic seas, but disappeared from Earth at the end of the Permian period. Though they remain in fossil form only, these creatures are easy to identify and fascinating to study.

Subphylum Crustacea, Crustaceans
Crustaceans (subphylum Crustacea) are mostly marine arthropods, like shrimp and crabs. The group also includes some animals we tend to lump with insects and spiders, such as pillbugs and sand fleas.

Inquiline – Definition of the Term Inquiline
Definition of the term inquiline, with examples of inquilines.

Eusocial - Definition of Eusocial
Definition of the term eusocial.

Aposematism
Definition of the term aposematism.

Subimago - Definition of the Term Subimago
Definition of the term subimago.

Necrophoresis
Definition of the term necrophoresis.

Parthenogenesis
Definition of the term parthenogenesis.

Giant Jewel Beetle – Giant Jewel Beetles That Mate With Beer Bottles
In the arid, open areas of western Australia lives a giant jewel beetle with a strange habit. The male beetles are known to ignore females, choosing instead to mate with beer bottles.

Giant Water Bugs, Family Belostomatidae
Giant water bugs (family Belostomatidae) are big, for sure. In fact, they're the largest bugs in the order Hemiptera. They also have a reputation for nipping people's toes, so you might want to learn more about them (like where they live!).

Backswimmers, Family Notonectidae
Backswimmers look like upside down rowboats, with tiny oars that propel them across freshwater ponds or pools. Learn the habits and traits of these aquatic insects, which belong to the family Notonectidae.

Jerusalem Crickets, Family Stenopelmatidae
The first time you see a Jerusalem cricket, you may be startled by its large size and humanoid head. But don't be scared, it's perfectly harmless. Just don't stick your finger in its mouth! Learn more about Jerusalem crickets, family Stenopelmatidae.

Order Thysanoptera – Habits and Traits of Thrips, Order Thysanoptera
Thrips can be plant pests or beneficial predators of other plant pests. Learn the habit and traits of thrips, which all belong to the order Thysanoptera.

Dung Beetles and Tumblebugs, Subfamily Scarabaeinae
Where would we be without dung beetles? We'd be buried in poop, that's where. Learn the habits and traits of dung beetles and tumblebugs (Subfamily Scarabaeinae).

Rhinoceros Beetles, Subfamily Dynastinae
The beetle subfamily Dynastinae includes rhinoceros beetles, Hercules beetles, and elephant beetles. Many males in this group possess large horns, with which they defend their territory.

How to Build Your Own Mercury Vapor Light Setup
Mercury vapor lights produce ultraviolet light, visible to insects but not to people, and are useful for collecting night-flying moths and other insects. You can put together your own mercury vapor setup using inexpensive materials from a local hardware store.

Parts of a Tarantula
A labeled diagram of the external anatomy of a tarantula, with descriptions of the basic body parts.

5 Things You Can Do To Help Monarchs Make a Comeback
The monarch butterfly's North American migration is at risk, thanks to habitat loss, pesticide use, and other human impacts. Here are 5 things you can do to help monarchs make a comeback.

Plant milkweed to help monarchs.
Monarch caterpillars feed only on milkweed, so without milkweed, the monarchs will not survive. As land is developed or converted to farmland, less milkweed is available in the monarch's breeding range. Plant milkweed to help the monarchs. Page 2.

Be a citizen scientist to help monarchs.
Volunteers are needed to collect data on migrating adult monarchs, on monarch caterpillars, and on milkweed health and availability. Join a citizen science project to help researchers study monarchs. Page 3.

Support conservation groups that help monarchs.
Conservation organizations educate the public about monarchs, conduct research on their health and abundance, and advocate for policies and practices that benefit monarch butterflies. You can help monarchs by supporting these groups. Page 4.

Teach others to help monarchs.
If you want a monarch-friendly community, you need to get others involved in protecting monarchs and their habitat. Learn ways you can teach others about monarchs. Page 5.

Advocate for monarch-friendly practices to help monarchs.
Advocate for monarch-friendly practices on public lands in your community. Page 6.

Common Lacewings, Family Chrysopidae
The common or green lacewings will be familiar to gardeners. In their larval stage, they're often called aphid lions, thanks to their ravenous appetite for aphids and other soft-bodied pests. Learn the habits and traits of common lacewings, family Chrysopidae.

Order Neuroptera – Characteristics of Nerve-Winged Insects
The order Neuroptera includes some rather odd-looking insects, like dobsonflies, snakeflies, and fishflies. The group is mostly predaceous. Learn the habits and traits of nerve-winged insects.

Scorpionflies and Hangingflies, Order Mecoptera
Scorpionflies and hangingflies are ancient insects, represented by roughly 600 extant species. Learn the habits and traits of the order Mecoptera.

Rock Crawlers - Rock Crawlers, Ice Crawlers, or Ice Bugs - Order Grylloblattodea
We rarely encounter members of the order Grylloblattodea, simply because they live in places where humans don't. Learn the habits and traits of rock crawlers, also known as ice bugs.

Zorapterans - Habits and Traits of Angel Insects -Order Zoraptera
Angel insects were first thought to be wingless, but we now know that some members of the Order Zoraptera do have wings. Learn the habits and traits of this group.

Webspinners - Habits and Traits of Webspinners - Order Embiidina
This group of insects are the only ones known to produce silk with glands on their feet. Learn the habits and traits of webspiiners, Order Embiidina.

Gladiators - Habits and Traits of Gladiators - Order Mantophasmatodea
The odd-looking gladiators were first named to their own order, Mantophasmatodea, in 2002.

Grasshoppers, Family Acrididae
Most grasshoppers you'll find on meadow walks, or even in your own backyard, belong to the family Acrididae. Learn the characteristics of these short-horned grasshoppers.

Water Scorpions, Family Nepidae
Both the common and scientific names for this family mean

Habits and Traits of Brush-Footed Butterflies - Family Nymphalidae
Brush-footed butterflies include a variety of common butterflies, including monarchs, admirals, anglewings, and fritillaries. Learn the identifying features of butterflies in the family Nymphalidae.

Habits and Traits of Swallowtails and Parnassians - Family Papilionidae
The butterfly family Papilionidae consists of the familiar swallowtails and the uncommon parnassians. Learn which key traits they share as members of this group.

Tiger Moths, Subfamily Arctiinae
Learn the habits and traits of the tiger moths, subfamily Arctiinae.

Clearwing Moths, Family Sesiidae
Clearwing moths (Family Sesiidae) mimic bees or wasps in both their look and their behavior. Their larvae are borers, pests of many trees and some garden crops. Learn the traits and behaviors of clearwing moths.

Owlet Moths, Family Noctuidae
The owlet moths (Family Noctuidae) are the largest family in the entire order of butterflies and moths. A group this large is diverse, as you would expect, but all owlet moths do share certain common traits.

Skippers, Family Hesperiidae
About one-third of all North American butterflies belong to the family Hesperiidae, the skippers. These small butterflies fly fast, and can be mistaken for day-flying moths. Learn the habits and traits of skippers.

Whites, Orange-Tips, Sulphurs, and Yellows - Family Pieridae
The word butterfly probably first referred to the yellows that belong to the family Pieridae. This group of medium-sized butterflies includes the whites, yellows, oranges, sulphurs, dogfaces, and orange-tips, many of which are quite common in backyard gardens.

10 Threats to Monarch Migration
Although monarch butterflies are not endangered, scientists worry their record-breaking migration may be threatened by human activities. Learn 10 threats to monarch migration.

Click Beetles, Family Elateridae
Click beetles are named for audible clicking sound they make when they right themselves when stranded on their backs. Learn more about the click beetles, family Elateridae.

Darkling Beetles, Family Tenebrionidae
Darkling beetles are scavengers that live under rocks and leaf litter. The family Tenebrionidae is one of the largest beetle families. Learn more about darkling beetles, including how to identify them.

Forensic Entomology - Insects Solving Crimes
CSI watchers might be familiar with the field of Forensic Entomology, the use of the insects to solve crimes. Find out how entomologists investigate crimes, and learn about some famous cases solved by insects.

Video Clips of Insects, Arachnids, and Other Arthropods
Looking for cool video clips of insects, spiders, or other arthropods? Check them out here.

Online Keys for Identifying Insects
Need to identify an insect? Try one of these online identification keys. Use your observations of the insect to answer questions or match characteristics until you have determined the correct insect order or family.

Photo Guides to Identify Insects
Photographs and pictures can be useful when you are trying to identify an insect. These online guides are worth a look if you have an insect mystery to solve.

Gifts for Insect Lovers - Toys, Games, and Other Gifts for Insect Lovers
Looking for a great gift for an insect lover in your life? These toys, games, and other gifts will please the bug enthusiast, both young and old.

Keeping Live Insects - Learn to Care for Live Insects in Captivity
One of the best ways to learn about insects is rearing them yourself. Be keeping live insects, you can observe and study their traits, behaviors, and life cycles up close.

Pest Control Books
Need a good reference to help you with insect pest problems? These books will help you with all your pest control challenges.

Winter Survival Strategies In Insects
Insects require sophisticated adaptations to live in harsh environments, to survive weather and climate conditions, and to avoid predators. These articles discuss insect adaptations that help them not only survive, but thrive.

Bug Books for Gardeners - Bug Books on Pests, Beneficials, and Controls for Gardeners
Every garden is going to have insects, for better or worse. Some are pests that feed on our crops and ornamentals, while beneficial insects help keep things in order. These bug books are written with the gardener in mind.

Books for Young Entomologists
Great resources in print for kids who want to learn more about insects and other arthropods.

Tools for Collecting and Studying Insects
Even an amateur entomologist needs a few tools to investigate insects up close. Learn what equipment you need, how to use it, and even how to make your own insect collecting tools.

Biological Water Quality Monitoring - Water Quality Monitoring through Macroinvertebrate Sampling
The health of our waterways is vital to life itself. Macroinvertebrate sampling is one method of assessing the quality of water in a stream, river, lake, or pond. Learn more about which aquatic insects and other organisms are bioindicators of good water quality, and which warn us of pollution.

Careers for Insect Lovers - Jobs for People Who Love Insects
Thinking about a career working with insects or spiders? Learn about interesting and unusual ways of turning your entomology interest into a job.

Learning About Insects
There's nothing better than hands-on experience to learn something new, and the field of entomology is no exception. These articles offer descriptions of good tools and field guides to use for closer study of live insects.

The Field of Entomology
Entomology, the study of insects, began informally as agricultural societies formed and emerged into a scientific field in the 1500's. Here, you will find articles on the field of entomology, including its history, current issues, and information on pursuing an entomology career.

Bed Bug Stories - Share Your Bed Bug Stories
Bed bug infestations have skyrocketed in the past few years, so more and more people are dealing with the maddening problem of getting rid of bed bugs. Have you had a bed bug infestation in your home? Have you had any vacation encounters with bed bugs in hotels? Share your bed bug stories! Page 2.

How Do Monarchs Know When to Migrate?
Monarchs east of the Rocky Mountains migrate to Mexico each fall. Did you ever wonder how the monarchs know when it's time to migrate?