Metals Sitemap - Page 1 2016-09-26

What Is Patina? Definition and Uses
Patina is a term that refers to the blue-green layer of corrosion that develops on the surface of copper when exposed to sulfur and oxide compounds.

Steel History From Iron Age to Electric Arc Furnaces
Learn the history of steel from Henry Bessemer's development of an effective way to reduce the carbon content in iron in 1856 to modern production.

Brass Types | Alpha, Beta & Duplex Brasses
The most essential distinction between different brass types is determined by their crystal structures. This is because the combination of copper and

Zinc Metal - Properties, History, Alloys, and Market
This article provides look at the physical properties, history, market information, common alloys and interesting facts of zinc metal.

Metal Profile of Magnesium - When Is It Used?
Magnesium is the lightest of the metal elements and is primarily used in structural alloys due to its light weight, strength and corrosion resistance.

Metal Profile: Uranium
What is uranium? Uranium is a dense, radioactive element that is primarily extracted and refined as a fuel source for nuclear energy. In its metal form, uranium is used as a radioactive shield as well as in military armor and ammunition.

Metal Profile: Titanium Properties and Characteristics
Alloys of titanium are critical to the aerospace industry but, due to their numerous unique properties.

Ductility | Metallurgy Terms
Ductility is a measure of a metal's ability to withstand tensile stress, which is a force pulling the two ends of a material away from each other.

Annealing Explained | Metallurgy Terms
Annealing is a heat treatment process used to bring a metal closer to its equilibrium state. The metal must then be slow-cooled, usually.

What Is the Definition of Proof Stress?
What is the definition of proof stress? With this overview, get the facts you need about this method and its use in the manufacturing of metals.

What is Anodizing?
Anodizing is method of increasing the corrosion resistance of a metal part by forming a layer of oxide on its surface. Anodized aluminum and titanium

Why You Should Avoid These Metals for Body Piercings
If you're thinking about getting a metal body piercing, you should consider which metals are likely to cause skin irritations or allergic reactions.

What Is the Rockwell Hardness Test?
What is the definition of the Rockwell hardness scale? Get the facts on this method of measuring the hardness of steel, with this review.

What Is Copper? Understanding the Red Metal
What is copper? Copper, 'the red metal', is one of the most electrically conductive of all the metal elements. A look at copper's properties and history.

How Does Steel Undergo the Normalizing Process?
How is steel normalized? Learn more about this type of heat treatment and its benefits with this review and definition of normalization.

Cryogenic Hardening
Cryogenic hardening is a process that uses cryogenic temperatures (below minus −150C / −238F) to strengthen and enhance the grain structure of a metal.

What Is Galvanic Corrosion?
Galvanic corrosion is caused by the existence of a galvanic cell that results in an attack on one metal at the expense of the other.

Metals on the Mars Rover Curiosity
Curiosity and her transport vehicles were constructed using an assortment of metal and composite materials. Here is just a snapshot of the metals used

Monel 400: Properties and Composition
Monel 400 is a solid-solution nickel-copper alloy that is resistant to corrosion in many environments. Monel alloy 400 is composed of between 34

Type 316/316L Stainless Steel Explained
Type 316 steel is an austenitic chromium-nickel stainless steel that contains between two and three percent molybdenum.

Top Biggest Producers Of Metal
The biggest producers of individual metals, including aluminum, cobalt, copper, platinum and tin. Lists are compiled based on physical production

Palladium Production
How is palladium produced? Palladium is always found alongside other platinum group metals (PGMs). PGMs naturally occur in placer deposits found in

What is Metallurgical Coal?
Metallurgical coal, also known as coking coal, is used to produce coke, the primary source of carbon used in steelmaking.

Methods of Corrosion Prevention for Metals
In virtually all situations, metal corrosion can be managed, slowed or even stopped by using the proper techniques. Corrosion prevention can take

What Is the Metallurgical Term Known as Tempering?
What is tempering? Simply put, it is a heat treatment process that is often used to improve hardness, strength and toughness in fully hardened steel.

Metallographic Etching Explained
Metallographic etching is a technique used to highlight features of metals at microscopic levels. These features include, but are not limited to

Comparing Knife Steel Grades | Stainless & Non-stainless
A look at over 20 grades of stainless and non-stainless steels that are commonly used in knife-making. Steel determines a blade's hardness, toughness,

What is Beryllium Metal Used For?
In the US, consumer electronics and telecommunications applications account for nearly half of all beryllium consumption. In such areas, beryllium

How to Make a Barrel Barbecue
As far as backyard metal projects go, what could be more appropriate for a long summer day than a barrel barbecue? For myself, a great project has two qualities: It is inexpensive to make and is practical to use. A barrel barbecue is both, and can be completed easily in one day.

How to Price Scrap Metal: Determining the Value of Gold
Is the price of gold tempting you to sell un-used jewellery? before you mail away your gold, you may want to determine for yourself what the melt value

What is bismuth used for?
Bismuth metal is commonly used as a substitute for lead. Bismuth alloys can also be found in fire sprinklers, thermcouples, nuclear reactors, batteries and

Boron Metal | Properties, History, Production & Uses
Boron is an extremely hard and heat resistant semi-metal that can be found in a variety of forms and is widely used in compounds to make everything from

What is Manganese Used For?
What is manganese metal used for? About 90 percent of all manganese consumed annually is used in steel production. Of this, roughly one-third is used

Types of Corrosion
Corrosion comes in many different forms. Ten common types of corrosion, including galvanic corrosion and flow assisted corrosion, are explained below.

Malleability in Metallurgy Terms
Malleability is a physical property of metals that defines its ability to deform under compressive stress. Differences are due to crystal structures.

Common Steel Alloying Agents | Properties and Effects
Different alloying elements each have their own affect on the properties of steel. Steel properties that can be improved through alloying include...

Silicon Metal | Properties, History, Production & Uses
Silicon metal is a grey and lustrous semi-conductive metal that is used to manufacture steel, solar cells and microchips. Silicon is the second most

Silicon Metal | Properties, History, Production & Uses
The majority of silicon refined each year - about 80 percent - is produced as ferrosilicon for use in iron and steelmaking. Ferrosilicon can contain. Page 2.

What is Iron Ore?
Iron ore is a vital input material in the production of primary steel. Relative abundance of the minerals hematite (Fe2O3) and magnetite (Fe3O4) make

Dysprosium Applications
The largest consumer of dysprosium is the permanent magnet industry. Such magnets dominate the market for high-efficiency traction motors that are...

Beryllium Metal | Properties, Production, History & Uses
What is beryllium? Beryllium is a hard, light metal that has a high melting point and unique nuclear properties, which make it vital to military and

What Are Refractory Metals? - Definition
The term 'refractory metal' is used to describe a group of metal elements with high melting points and are resistant to wear, corrosion, and deformation.

Metal Profile: Gallium
Gallium is a corrosive, silver-colored minor metal that melts near room temperature and is most often used in the production of semiconductor compounds.

Historical Antimony Uses
Historical antimony uses can be traced back millenia. According to early metallurgy books published in 16th century Italy, methods for isolating and

Electrical Conductivity in Metals
Electrical conductivity in metals is a result of the movement of electrically charged particles. This article provides an overview of metals and current.

Cupronickel Composition and Applications
Cupronickel (also referred to as “cupernickel” or copper-nickel alloy) refers to a group of copper-nickel alloys that utilize iron and manganese, and

The History of Brass - From Coins to Modern Ammunition
The Romans had discovered how to produce brass, and brass coins soon spread throughout the Roman Empire and throughout Europe. Read the history of brass.

The Composition of Common Brass Alloys
Common brass alloys can be made using a variety of compositions in order to meet the exact demands of a given application.

Brass Alloy Additives
Brass, a binary alloy containing copper and zinc, is made of various compositions, depending upon the hardness, durability, machinability and corrosion resistance properties required by the end-user.

Brass Applications | Free Cutting,
Brass's valuable properties and relative ease of production have made it one of the most widely used alloys. This article gives a list of common uses.

Brass Metal | Properties, History, Types and Uses
A look at the properties, history, production, types and applications of brass. Brass is a binary alloy composed of copper and zinc that has been...

Metal Profile: Copper
What is copper? Copper is a ductile and malleable base metal that is valued for its high thermal and electrical conductivity. Easily identifiable because of its iridescent, golden red color, copper and its alloys, such as bronze, have been used by humans for thousands of years.Due to its effectiveness as an electrical conductor, copper is now most often found in related applications, including in the wiring for our homes and offices, and in the circuitry, connectors and components that make virtually all electronic devices function.

Copper History | Discovery and Early Uses
Copper is considered to be one of the first metals to be used by humans. The main reason for its early discovery and use is that copper can occur...

Copper History | Discovery and Early Uses
Copper is considered to be one of the first metals to be used by humans. The main reason for its early discovery and use is that copper can occur... Page 2.

Physical Properties of Beryllium Copper
Standard beryllium copper alloys contain close to 2 percent beryllium, while the beryllium content in proprietary alloys can range from 1.5 to 2.7 percent. The standards in the chart below should be for reference only, as each can be subject to considerable variation depending upon conditions of heat treatment.

Dysprosium | Properties, History, Production & Uses
A look at the properties, characteristics, history, production and applications of dysprosium metal. Dysprosium metal is a soft, lustrous-silver rare

Commercial Lithium Production
This article gives in-depth information regarding the procedure for commercially producing lithium.

Metal Profile: Zinc
Zinc is a lustrous bluish-grey metal that is primarily used to galvanize iron and steel in order to protect against...

A Look at Lanthanide (Rare Earth) Metals
The rare earth metals are actually not so rare as their name might imply. Critical to high-performance optics and lasers and key to the most

Mischmetal Explained | Properties, Uses and History
A look at the physical properties and history of the rare earth alloy mischmetal. An alloy primarily composed of the rare earth cerium, mischmetal

Metal Profile: Iron
What is iron? Iron's use by humans dates back about 5000 years. It is the second most abundant metal element in the earth's crust and is primarily used to produce steel, one of the most important structural materials in the world.

Tin metal properties, production and applications
Tin properties, production and applications. Tin is a soft, silvery-white metal that is very light and easy to melt. Being so soft, tin is rarely used

Metal Profile: Lead
The properties, characteristics, history, production and applications of lead. Lead is a soft, grey metal with a high density and low melting point.

Tungsten: Properties, Production, Applications & Alloys
Tungsten is a dull silver-colored metal with the highest melting point of any pure metal. Also known as wolfram, from which the element takes its symbol

Nickel Metal | Properties, History, Production & Uses
A look at the properties, characteristics, history, production and applications of nickel metal. Nickel is a strong, lustrous, silvery-white metal...

Metal Profile: Molybdenum
What is molybdenum? Molybdenum (often referred to as 'Moly') metal is valued as an alloying agent in structural and stainless steels because of its strength, corrosion resistance and ability to hold shape and operate at high temperatures.

What Are the Platinum Group Metals
Characteristics, applications and properties of the platinum group metals (PGMs). PGMs are the densest known metal elements. Exceptionally rare, the

Metal Profile: Chromium - Properties, History & More
What is chromium? Chromium metal is most widely recognized for its use in chromium plating (which is often referred to simply as 'chrome'), but its largest use is as an ingredient in stainless steels. Both applications benefit from chromium's hardness, resistance to corrosion and ability to be polished for a lustrous appearance.

Manganese Metal
What is manganese metal? Manganese is a key component in the production of steel. Standard steels have a manganese content of between 0.15-0.8%...

Base Metals Definition
Characteristics and applications of base metals. The term 'base metals' commonly refers to the industrial, non-ferrous metals: copper, lead, nickel

Metalloids: The Semi-Metals
What are metalloids? Metalloids, or semi-metals, are a group of elements that possess both properties of metals and non-metals.

What Is Iridium? - Metal Profile
Iridium is a hard, brittle, and lustrous platinum group metal (PGM) that is very stable at high temperatures as well as in chemical environments.

Bismuth Metal | Properties, History, Production & Uses
The properties, characteristics, history, production and applications of bismuth. Bismuth is a silvery and brittle metal that is frequently found in

Nickel Prices and Specifications in 2015
2015 saw nickel prices decline steadily. LME nickel contracts began the year close to US$ 15,000 per metric tonne, but followed a downward trend.

Osmium Prices from 2013 to 2014
The market for osmium is one of the smallest metals markets in existence. Production numbers are difficult to obtain, but these are estimates.

Cobalt Prices and Specifications in 2015
The first half of the year saw prices for cobalt contracts on the London Metal Exchange (LME) remain fairly steady near US$ 31,000. Learn more.

Short History of Steel: From Iron to Bessemer & Beyond
The development of steel began in the Iron Age. Learn about the history including the Bessemer process that evolved into modern steelmaking.

The Causes of Metal Price Volatility
Beginning around 2000, sharply rising metal prices and a growing influence of financial markets on metal prices led to widespread discussion and

Steel | Properties, History, Production & Applications
Steel, the world's foremost construction material, is an iron alloy that contains between 0.2 and 2 percent carbon by weight.

General Properties of Steels - Mechanical & Physical
Different types of steel are produced according to the mechanical and physical properties required for application. See this chart of steel properties.

Different Steel Types and Properties
Steel is composed of iron and carbon, but the amount of carbon, level of impurities and additional alloying elements determines the properties of each steel grade.

Metal Profile: Scandium
The properties, characteristics, history, production and applications of scandium. Scandium is a lightweight, silvery metal that is produced and used

Methods for Manufacturing Steel
How is steel made? Methods for manufacturing steel have evolved significantly since industrial production began in the late 19th century.

Metal Profile: Palladium
What is palladium? The properties, history, applications and production of palladium. Palladium is a soft, rare platinum group metal (PGM) that is

Galinstan Metal Profile
Galinstan is a eutectic alloy composed of gallium, indium and tin (hence its name, which is derived from the gallium, indium and stannum, the latin name for tin).

Metal Profile: Rhodium
The characteristics, properties, applications and production of rhodium metal. Rhodium is a rare platinum group metal that is chemically stable at

Metal Profile: Tellurium
Tellurium is a heavy and rare minor metal that is used in steel alloys and as a light-sensitive semiconductor in solar cell technology. Tellurium is

Germanium Metal | Properties, History, Production & Use
What is germanium? Germanium is a rare, silver-colored semiconductor metal that is used in infrared technology, fibre optic cables and solar cells.

Commodity Supercycles & Metal Prices
Recent empirical analyses have looked specifically at commodity price cycles and long-term price trends for individual metals. While many...

Commodity Supercycles & Metal Prices
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How to Price Scrap Metal - Tips and Tricks
This is an article describing the steps necessary to price scrap metal properly, including tips on identification and market resources.

Rhenium Prices From 2011-2012
Prices indicated below reflect the prices published on the first day of each month per one pound (454g) of rhenium. Learn more about prices.

How are Metal Prices Determined?
The prices of individual metals, like prices for any commodity, are essentially determined by supply and demand. However, to assume that information

How Much Does Osmium Cost? - Historical Data
Osmium prices indicated below reflect the prices published on the first day of each month per one troy ounce (31.1g) of osmium.

Tin Prices 2014 and Specifications
Contracts for steel billets have been traded on the London Metal Exchange since 2008. These were the first ferrous contracts to be offered by the LME.

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Gallium Metal Images
Recently, I was tinkering with some gallium and thought I would take some photos to show some of the metal's special properties.

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The 10 Biggest Tin Producers 2014
In 2014, global refined tin production reached 369,500 metric tonnes (MT). The ten largest tin producers accounted for just over 245,000 tonnes, or...

The 10 Biggest Palladium Producers 2013
Who are the world's ten biggest palladium producers? The production statistics shown beside each companies name were compiled from company annual

The Biggest Aluminum Producers 2014
The world's largest aluminum producers (by output) accounted for over 27 million metric tons of primary aluminum in 2014, or half of total global output.

The 10 Biggest Aluminum Producers 2013
The world's ten largest aluminum producers (by output) accounted for over 26 million metric tons of primary aluminum in 2013, or about 52 percent of total global output.

Top 10 World's Largest Silver Producers
The world's 10 largest silver producers accounts for over 290 million ounces of the metal, or just over 35 percent of global mine production.

The World's Biggest Zinc Producers
According to the International Lead and Zinc Study Group, refined zinc production reached 12.8 million tons (or about 28 million pounds) in 2013.

The 10 Biggest Tin Producers 2013
The list below was compiled by the international tin industry association ITRI. Beside each company name is the country where its primary operations are located and its total tin production (tonnes) in 2013.

The Biggest Aluminum Producers
The largest aluminum refiners accounted for over 20 million metric tons of aluminum produced, or about half of total global output.

The World's Ten Largest Refined Tin Producers
Beside each company name is the country where its primary operations are located and the company's total tin production in tons.

Type 201 Stainless Steel | Properties and Composition
Type 201 is part of the 200 series of austenitic stainless steels. Originally developed to conserve nickel, this family has a low nickel count.

What Is Strength in Metallurgy?
Definition of the material property of strength in metallurgy.

Copper beryllium alloys
What are beryllium-copper alloys? Beryllium-copper alloys are known for their unique combination of strength, hardness and corrosion resistance.

Type 304 and 304L Stainless Steel Explained
Type 304 is the most widely used austenitic stainless steel. This stainless steel is composed of 18 to 20 percent chromium and 8 to 12 percent nickel.

200 Series Stainless Steels
The 200 series is a class of austenitic stainless steels that are characterized by having a low-nickel content.

What is Austenitic Stainless Steel?
What is Austenitic Stainless Steel? Austenitic steels are non-magnetic stainless steels that contain high levels of chromium and nickel...

Ferritic Stainless Steel Properties and Applications
Known for their good ductility, resistance to corrosion and stress corrosion cracking, ferritic stainless steels are commonly used in automotive parts,

What Metals are Magnetic and Why?
Magnetism in metals is created by the uneven distribution of electrons in atoms of certain metal elements. The irregular rotation and movement caused

What are the Common Uses of Copper?
From common household electrical wiring to boat propellers and photovoltaic cells, copper and its alloys are employed in a myriad of end-uses.

Copper Production - How Is Copper Made?
How is copper produced? Copper is typically extracted from oxide and sulfide ores that contain between 0.5 and 2.0 percent copper. The refining techniques employed by copper producers depend on the ore type, as well as other economic and environmental factors. Currently, about 80 percent of global copper production is extracted from sulfide sources.

How Is Platinum Metal Produced?
It can take up to 6 months and 7 to 12 tons of ore to produce one troy ounce (31.135g) of pure platinum.

Monel Alloy: Composition, Properties & Uses
What are monel alloys? Monel, or nickel-copper, alloys are nickel-base alloys that contain between 29 and 33 percent copper. Such alloys exhibit a number of beneficial properties, including:

What Is the Definition of Oxidized Metal?
What is the definition of oxidized metal? Learn more about this process and its effect on metal with this review of this metallurgical term.

Metal Strain Explained | Metallurgy Terms
Strain is a measure of deformation reflecting how much a material has been stretched (or compressed) when compared to its original length.

Toughness Definition | Metallurgy
Toughness is a measure of how much energy a metal can absorb before rupturing. Metal toughness is often measured by a Charpy V-notch test (CVN).

Information on Tin, the First Alloying Element
Complete tin profile with physical properties, history, market information, common alloys and interesting facts.

What Happens When Metals Undergo Heat Treatment?
Improve your understanding of heat treatment, the process of cooling and heating metals, with this definition and common examples of heat treatments.

What Is Precipitation Hardening?
Precipitation hardening, or age hardening, is a heat treatment process that produces uniformly dispersed particles within a metal's grain structure that hinder dislocation motion, thereby strengthening the metal.

Process Annealing | Metallurgy
Process, or sub-critical, annealing is used to counteract the hardening effects of a cold-working operation on a metal.

How to Calculate Rate of Corrosion
The rate of corrosion is the speed at which a metal deteriorates in a specific environment. Corrosion rates in the US are normally calculated using mpy

Corrosion - Definition, Types, Prevention
Corrosion is the deterioration of a metal as a result of chemical reactions between it and the surrounding environment.

Metal Alloys - Properties, Composition, Production
Alloys are metallic compounds composed of one metal and one or more metal, or non-metal, elements. Examples include bronze, steel & brass. Learn more.

Gold Prices 2012
The gold fix is quoted in US dollars, Pound sterling and the Euro at 10:30am and 3pm in London. Below are monthly averages of the morning gold fix:

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What Is the Definition of Quenching in Metalworking?
What is the definition of quenching in metalworking? Learn more about this method and why it is beneficial to metal with this review.

The Biggest Palladium Producers
During 2012, overall global palladium supply fell by 11 percent. Read the refined platinum production numbers for each company.

Heat Treating
Companies involved in heat treating, annealing, and related processing of metals.

Metal Recycling and Reclamation Resources
Metal recycling and scrap processing resources for ferrous and non-ferrous, precious metals and specialty alloys. The most comprehensive online guide for the metal industry. Includes buyers guides, global supplier lists, metal prices, metal properties, specifications, cross references, e-commerce sites, software, conversion tools, industry news and more. Covers every metal from aluminum to zinc.

Fabricators & Manufacturers
Manufacturers and fabricators of metal products including casting, forging, etching, stamping, forming, grinding, cutting, rolling, drawing, extruding, spinning, welding, brazing, machining, metallizing, polishing, plating and rapid prototyping. The most comprehensive online guide for the metal industry. Includes buyers guides, supplier lists, metal prices, metal properties, specifications, e-commerce sites, software, industry news and more. Covers every metal from aluminum to zinc.

Who is Doctor Copper?
Often cited by market and commodity analysts, Dr. Copper is of course not a person, but an idea that copper prices have a strong ability to assess...

Platinum Market Prices 2014
Platinum prices 2014. Prices recorded below are monthly averages per troy ounce (31.1g) of platinum.

Metal Injection Molding (MIM)
Metal Injection Molding (MIM) is a metal working process that involves converting metal powders into intricately shaped, specialized metal parts.

What Is the Annealing Process?
Annealing refers to a process of softening a metal via heat treatment so as to increase its ductility and make the metal more workable. Get the facts.

What Is Cold Working or Work Hardening?
Also referred to as work hardening, cold working involves subjecting metal to mechanical stress to cause a permanent change to the structure.

How Is Magnesium Metal Produced?
A wide variety of production methods are used to refine magnesium metal, depending upon the location and type of resource being used. Learn more.

Aluminum - The Most Abundant Metal Element
What is aluminum? The properties, characteristics, history, production and applications of aluminum (aluminium). Aluminum is the most abundant metal

Platinum - Properties and Applications
Platinum is a dense, stable and rare metal that is often used in jewelry for its attractive, silver-like appearance, as well as in medical, electronic and chemical applications due to its various and unique chemical and physical properties.

Metal Profile: Mercury
What is mercury? Mercury, or 'quicksilver' as it is otherwise known, is a dense, toxic metal element that exists in liquid form at room temperature. Produced and studied for millennia, mercury's use has steadily declined since the 1980s as a result of greater attention to the negative health impacts that it has on humans and the environment.

What is POSCO? - Company Profile
Established in 1968, POSCO operates two integrated steel mills in South Korea and a joint venture with U.S. Steel (USS-POSCO) in California. Learn more.

The Five Sectors for Steel Applications
What is steel used for? Steel is both the most widely used and most recycled metal material on earth. From stainless and high temperature steels to flat carbon products, steel's various forms and alloys offer different properties to meet a wide range of applications. For these reasons, as well as the metal's combination of high strength and a relatively low production cost, steel is now used in countless products.

The 10 Biggest Rhodium Producers 2014
The top 10 producers of rhodium accounted for about 700,000 ozs of rhodium production, or three-quarters of total global production in 2014. Amplats

The 10 Biggest Nickel Producers 2014
The world's ten largest producers of refined nickel accounted for approximately 55 percent of global output in 2014. Production numbers for each...

The 10 Biggest Uranium Mines 2014
The ten largest uranium mines contributed over 36,000 tonnes, or nearly 65 percent of this total. The list below is compiled from World Nuclear Association

The World's 20 Largest Copper Mines 2014
Copper production capacity at the world's 20 largest mines accounted for over 8.1 million metric tonnes in 2014. That is nearly 40 percent of

The World's 20 Largest Copper Mines 2014
Copper production capacity at the world's 20 largest mines accounted for over 8.1 million metric tonnes in 2014. That is nearly 40 percent of

The 10 Biggest Silver Producers 2013
The world's ten largest silver producers accounted for over 290 million ounces of the metal in 2013, or just over 35 percent of global mine production. The list below...

The 10 Biggest Platinum Producers 2014
Production by the 10 largest platinum producers accounted for some 5.14 million ounces, or over 70 percent of total global refined platinum production

A Look at the Largest Copper Smelters
The list is based on information from the ICSG Directory of Copper Mines and Plants. Listed are the names, owners, & annual capacity of each smelter.

A Look at the Largest Copper Smelters
The list is based on information from the ICSG Directory of Copper Mines and Plants. Listed are the names, owners, & annual capacity of each smelter.

The 10 Biggest Cobalt Producers 2014
Refined cobalt production figures for 2014 below are indicated in metric tonnes beside each company's name.

The World's Ten Biggest Cobalt Producers 2012
Refined cobalt production figures for 2012 below are indicated in metric tonnes beside each company's name.

The 10 Biggest Steel Producers 2014
The world's ten largest steel producers accounted for over 440 million metric tonnes (MMT), or approximately one quarter of all global production.

The World's Top Ten Nickel Producers
According to the International Nickel Study Group (INSG), global refined nickel production exceeded 1.9 million metric tonnes in 2013.

The 10 Biggest Gold Producers 2013
According to the precious metals consultancy group Metals Focus, Barrick Gold was the world's largest gold producer in 2013 accounting for 7.17 million ounces.

The 10 Biggest Steel Producers 2013
Total crude steel production in 2013 exceeded 1.6 billion metric tonnes, up 3.5 percent from 2012. Statistics below are collected by the World Steel Association and...

The World's Biggest Molybdenum Producers
According to the International Molybdenum Association (IMOA), molybdenum production reached a new high of 539.2 million pounds in 2013.

The Biggest Platinum Metal Producers
Platinum metal producers are highly concentrated, with refined platinum production numbers found beside each company's name and indicated in ounces.

The World's Biggest Aluminum Producers
The world's ten largest aluminum producers (by output) accounted for nearly 25 million metric tons of primary aluminum in 2012.

The 10 Biggest Copper Producers 2010
The world's ten biggest copper producers accounted for over 85 million metric tons of copper production in 2010. The list below is based-upon output

The 10 Largest Uranium Mines 2010
The world's 10 largest producing uranium mines accounted for 29,337 tonnes of uranium (tU), or 55% of global production in 2010. Leading the way was

The World's Largest Refined Nickel Producers
These giant refined nickel producers account for over one million metric tons of nickel annually.

The World's Biggest Steel Producers
Total crude steel production in 2010 exceeded 1.4 billion metric tons, up 15% from 2009. The world's largest steel producers are accounted for here.

What Is a Metal Hydride? - Metals Glossary
Most hydrides behave as reducing agents in chemical reactions. Nickel metal hydride (NiMH) batteries rely on hydrides of rare earth intermetallic compounds.

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Patina Photobook
Weathering of copper and its alloys produces a visible layer of copper sulphate, copper chloride and copper oxide, better known as patina. These beautiful shades of blue and green adorn many architectural landmarks.

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Metals Photobook
Various metal photos and images. Metals.

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Metal Production
A look at how certain metals are produced and who produces them.

Cobalt Metal | Properties, Production, History and Applications
Cobalt is a shiny, brittle metal that is used to make strong, corrosion and heat resistant alloys, permanent magnets and hard metals.

The World's Largest Ship Propeller
In 2006, MMG produced the world's largest ship propeller for the Emma Maersk. Cast from bronze, the propeller has a diameter of 31.5 feet and weighs..

The Tin Market Crash of 1985
What caused the collapse of the International Tin Council (ITC) and the international tin market crash of 1985? In October of 1985, the ITC announced. Page 2.

The Tin Market Crash of 1985
What caused the collapse of the International Tin Council (ITC) and the international tin market crash of 1985? In October of 1985, the ITC announced

The LBMA Silver Price Explained
Launched on August 15th 2014, the LBMA Silver Price is comprised of a series of auction rounds that each last 30 seconds.

Pouring melted gallium metal
The weight of the metal can be felt and seen in the way gallium runs while it pours from the bottle. Page 5.

Melted gallium in a bottle
Once poured, gallium will not immediately solidify. It may take more than 24 hours to return to a solid metal. This process can be sped up by using a fridge or freezer. Page 6.

Hot water and gallium
Gallium metal is stable in contact with water, although it may impact the purity. Page 4.

Gallium Metal and Hot Water
Boil some water and put the bottle in (HDPE should be more than stable in the hot water). It may take some time but the gallium will begin to liquify. Page 2.

Gallium metal bottles
Gallium metal can come in various purities and quantities, but a standard commercial purity is >99.99%

Gallium beginning to melt
Gallium beginning to melt. Metals. Page 3.

Crystallizing gallium metal
Depending on the speed of solidification (i.e. the temperature at which gallium cools), the gallium may crystallize. Page 7.

A big bucket of gallium
Here's a photo of a bucket of liquid gallium that I took at a factory in China. This bucket probably contains more than 45kgs (100lbs) of high purity gallium. Page 8.

The Most Volatile Metal Price
But, according to US Global Investors, who have published an interactive chart comparing major commodity prices, the most volatile metal price

Aluminum Ingot Novelis Plant
Aluminum ingot Novelis plant. Metals.

Copper tubing
Copper tubing is now standard for potable water and heating pipes. Page 4.

Nickel Metal Pieces
Nickel. Metals. Page 3.

molybdenum rods
molybdenum rods. Metals. Page 6.

Tantalum Anodes
Tantalum anodes. Metals. Page 7.

Metals Suppliers by Alloy
Comprehensive list of metal suppliers categorized by alloy type or grade. The most comprehensive online guide for the metal industry. Includes buyers guides, global supplier lists, metal prices, metal properties, specifications, cross references, e-commerce sites, software, conversion tools, industry news and more. Covers every metal from aluminum to zinc.

Company Profile: BHP Billiton
BHP Billiton is one of the world's largest mining and resource companies with roughly 100,000 employees in over 25 countries. The company is headquartered in Melbourne, Australia and listed on the Australian Securities Exchange (as BHP Billiton Ltd.), as well as on the London Stock Exchange and the Johannesburg Stock Exchange (as BHP Billiton Plc).

The Iron Ore Market
As a necessary input for the production of primary steel, iron ore feeds the world's largest metal market and the backbone of global infrastructure.

Metals Commodity Markets and Exchanges
Complete list of commodity futures exchanges around the world.

Zinc History Pt. II: Early Chinese Smelting
The first documentation of metallic zinc production in China can be attributed to Song Ying Xing who published a book entitled Tian Gong Kai Wu (The Opening of Natural Materials) in 1637, which outlined...

Zinc History Pt. III: Europe Learns to Smelt
Over 500 years after metallic zinc distillation first began in India, and 150 years after the Chinese developed a method to smelt the grey metal, zinc distillation finally found its way to Europe...

Zinc History Pt. I: Ancient Brassmaking and Indian Zinc Production
The Zawar valley in Rajasthan appears to have been the first location to smelt zinc metal, producing the metal on an industrial scale hundreds of years before anywhere else on earth.

Zinc Suppliers Guide
Zinc supplier list from your About.com guide.

Casting Alloy Suppliers
Metal casting alloy supplier list from your About.com Guide.

Company Profile: Glencore International AG
Glencore International AG (Glencore) is involved in the production, marketing and distribution of energy, agricultural and metal commodities. With its head office based in Baar, Switzerland, Glencore and its subsidiaries have operations in 30 countries and over 56,000 employees.

Stainless Steel Suppliers Guide
Stainless steel supplier list from your About.com guide.

Aluminum Suppliers Guide
Aluminum supplier list from your About.com Guide

Beijing's Bird's Nest Stadium
The Beijing National Stadium - more often referred to as the Bird's Nest stadium - took five years to complete and was constructed using 42,000 tons of steel, making it the largest steel structure in the world. Measuring 330 meters long, 220 meters wide and 69.2 meters tall, the design of the Bird's Nest stadium design is based on 24 trussed columns, weighing 1000 tons each.

Grenada Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of Grenada from your About Metals Guide.

Haïti Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of Hati from your About Metals Guide.

Germany Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of Germany from your About Metals Guide.

Hong Kong Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of Hong Kong from your About Metals Guide.

Iceland Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of Iceland from your About Metals Guide.

Mauritania Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of Mauritania from your About Metals Guide.

Mexico Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of Mexico from your About Metals Guide.

Mozambique Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of Mozambique from your About Metals Guide.

Laos Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of Laos from your About Metals Guide.

Latvia Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of Latvia from your About Metals Guide.

Libya Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of Libya from your About Metals Guide.

Liechtenstein Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of Liechtenstein from your About Metals Guide.

Luxembourg Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of Luxembourg from your About Metals Guide.

Madagascar Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of Madagascar from your About Metals Guide.

Malaysia Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of Malaysia from your About Metals Guide.

Malta Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of Malta from your About Metals Guide.

Indonesia Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of Indonesia from your About Metals Guide.

Iraq Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of Iraq from your About Metals Guide.

Ireland Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of Ireland from your About Metals Guide.

Italy Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of Italy from your About Metals Guide.

Jamaica Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of Jamaica from your About Metals Guide.

Japan Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of Japan from your About Metals Guide.

Kenya Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of Kenya from your About Metals Guide.

Metal Analysis and Testing Machines
Metals Analysis and Testing Machines

Metal Extrusion Machines
Metal Extrusion Machines Metals.

Metal Fab Machine Markets
Online Machine Markets Metal Fab Machine Markets

Precious Metals Recycling Companies
Recycling and refining companies who handle precious metal scrap or surplus such as gold, platinum, palladium, rhodium, silver, and others. The most comprehensive online guide for the metal industry including material buyers guides, material suppliers and industry news, and metallurgical data from your About.com Guide.

Specialty Alloy Recycling Companies
Metal scrap and recycling companies who handle exotic or specialty alloys such as tungsten carbide, cobalt, nickel alloys, magnesium, and others. The most comprehensive online guide for the metal industry including material buyers guides, e-commerce sites, material suppliers, industry news, and metallurgical data from your About.com Guide.

Metal Cutting & Slitting Machines
Metal Cutting & Slitting Machines

EDM Machines
EDM Machines. Metals.

Metal Forging Machines
Metal Forging Machines. Metals.

Material Handling Machines
Material Handling Machines. Metals.

Metal Stamping Machines
Metal Stamping Machines. Metals.

Pewter Suppliers Guide
Pewter supplier list from your About.com guide.

Rhenium Suppliers Guide
Rhenium supplier list from your About.com guide.

Alkali Metals Suppliers Guide - Cesium, sodium, lithium, potassium, rubidium, francium.
Alkali Metals supplier list from About.com. The most comprehensive online guide for the metal industry including material buyers guides,e-commerce sites, material suppliers, industry news, and metallurgical data from your About.com Guide.

Antimony Suppliers Guide
Antimony supplier list from your About.com guide.

Beryllium Suppliers Guide
Beryllium Suppliers list from your About.com Guide

Bismuth Suppliers Guide
Bismuth supplier list from your About.com Guide

Brass & Bronze Suppliers Guide
Brass & Bronze suppliers list from your About.com Guide

Cadmium Suppliers Guide
Cadmium supplier list from your About.com guide.

Chromium Suppliers Guide
Chromium supplier list from your About.com guide.

Cobalt Suppliers Guide
Cobalt supplier list from your About.com guide.

Europium Suppliers Guide
Europium supplier list from your About.com guide.

Zirconium Suppliers Guide
Zirconium supplier list from your About.com guide.

Ferro-Alloy Supplier Guide
Ferro-Alloy supplier list from About.com. The most comprehensive online guide for the metal industry including material buyers guides,e-commerce sites, material suppliers, industry news, and metallurgical data from your About.com Guide.

Gallium Suppliers Guide
Gallium supplier list from your About.com guide.

Germanium Suppliers Guide
Germanium supplier list from your About.com guide.

Gold Suppliers Guide
Gold supplier list from your About.com guide.

Halfnium Suppliers Guide
Halfnium supplier list from your About.com guide.

Indium Suppliers Guide
Indium supplier list from your About.com guide.

Iridium Suppliers Guide
Iridium supplier list from your About.com guide.

Lead Suppliers Guide
Lead supplier list from your About.com guide.

Magnesium Suppliers Guide
Magnesium supplier list from your About.com guide.

Manganese Suppliers Guide
Manganese supplier list from your About.com guide.

Molybdenum Suppliers Guide
Molybdenum supplier list from your About.com guide.

Mercury Suppliers Guide
Mercury supplier list from your About.com guide.

Niobium Suppliers Guide
Niobium supplier list from your About.com guide.

Osmium Suppliers Guide
Osmium supplier list from your About.com Guide

Palladium Suppliers Guide
Palladium supplier list from your About.com guide.

Rhodium Suppliers Guide
Rhodium supplier list from your About.com guide.

Ruthenium Suppliers Guide
Ruthenium supplier list from your About.com guide.

Scandium Suppliers Guide
Scandium supplier list from your About.com guide.

Selenium Suppliers Guide
Selenium supplier list from your About.com guide.

Shape Memory Alloy Suppliers Guide
Shape Memory Alloy suppliers list from your About.com guide.

Strontium Supplier Guide
Metals.

Super Alloy Suppliers Guide
Super-Alloy supplier list from your About.com guide.

Tantalum Suppliers Guide
Tantalum supplier list from your About.com guide.

Tellurium Suppliers Guide
Tellurium supplier list from your About.com guide.

Tin Suppliers Guide
Tin supplier list from your About.com guide.

Titanium Suppliers Guide
Titanium supplier list from your About.com guide.

Tungsten Suppliers Guide
Tungsten supplier list from your About.com guide.

Uranium Suppliers Guide
Uranium supplier list from your About.com guide.

Bar & Rod Suppliers
Metal bar & rod suppliers from your About.com Guide

Billet Suppliers
Metal billet supplier list from your About.com Guide.

Braze & Solder Suppliers
Braze & Solder supplier list from your About.com Guide

Coil Suppliers
Metal coil supplier list from your About.com Guide

Extrusion Suppliers
Metal extrusion supplier list from your About.com Guide

Forging Alloy Suppliers
Forging metal supplier list from your About.com Guide

Gold Leaf & Guilding Suppliers
Gold and silver leaf gilding supplier list from your About.com Guide.

Vanadium Suppliers Guide
Vanadium supplier list from your About.com guide.

Ingot Suppliers
Metal ingot supplier list from your About.com Guide

Plate Suppliers
Metal plate supplier list from your About.com Guide

Powder Metal Suppliers
Metal powder supplier list from your About.com Guide

Sheet Suppliers
Metal sheet supplier list from your About.com Guide

Sputtering Target Suppliers
Sputtering target manufacturer and distributor list from your About.com Guide.

Tube Suppliers
Metal tube supplier list from your About.com Guide

Afghanistan Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of Afghanistan from your About.com Guide.

Vietnam Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of Vietnam from your About.com Guide.

Western Sahara Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of Western Sahara from your About.com Guide.

Yemen Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of Yemen from your About.com Guide.

Uganda Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of Uganda from your About.com Guide.

Ukraine Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of Ukraine from your About.com Guide.

United Arab Emirates Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of the United Arab Emirates from your About.com Guide.

United Kingdom Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of the United Kingdom from your About.com Guide.

United States Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of the United States from your About.com Guide.

South Korea Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of South Korea from your About.com Guide.

Sri Lanka Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of Sri Lanka from your About.com Guide.

Sudan Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of Sudan from your About.com Guide.

Syria Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of Syria from your About.com Guide.

Taiwan Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of Taiwan from your About.com Guide.

Tajikistan Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of Tajikistan from your About.com Guide.

Thailand Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of Thailand from your About.com Guide.

Saudi Arabia Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of Saudi Arabia from your About.com Guide.

Somalia Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of Somalia from your About.com Guide.

South Africa Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of South Africa from your About.com Guide.

Namibia Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of Namibia from your About.com Guide.

Pakistan Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of Pakistan from your About.com Guide.

Palestine Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of Palestine from your About.com Guide.

Papua New Guinea Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of Papua New Guinea from your About.com Guide.

Paraguay Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of Paraguay from your About.com Guide.

Poland Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of Poland from your About.com Guide.

Puerto Rico Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of Puerto Rico from your About.com Guide.

Qatar Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of Qatar from your About.com Guide.

Albania Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of Albania from your About Metals Guide.

Algeria Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of Algeria from your About Metals Guide.

Andorra Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of Andorra from your About Metals Guide.

Antigua Barbuda Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of Antigua Barbuda from your About Metals Guide.

Netherlands / Holland Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of Netherlands from your About.com Guide.

Nicaragua Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of Nicaragua from your About.com Guide.

North Korea Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of North Korea from your About.com Guide.

Austria Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of Austria from your About Metals Guide.

Bahamas Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of Bahamas from your About Metals Guide.

Bangladesh Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of Bangladesh from your About Metals Guide.

Barbados Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of Barbados from your About Metals Guide.

Belize Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of Belize from your About Metals Guide.

Bhutan Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of Bhutan from your About Metals Guide.

Bolivia Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of Afghanistan from your About Metals Guide.

Brazil Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of Brazil from your About Metals Guide.

Burma Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of Afghanistan from your About Metals Guide.

Cameroon Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of Cameroon from your About Metals Guide.

Cape Verde Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of Cape Verde from your About Metals Guide.

Centralafrican Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of Centralafrican from your About Metals Guide.

Chile Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of Chile from your About Metals Guide.

Cote d'Ivoire Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of Cote d'Ivoire from your About Metals Guide.

Croatia Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of Croatia from your About Metals Guide.

Cuba Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of Cuba from your About Metals Guide.

Cyprus Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of Cyprus from your About Metals Guide.

Dominica Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of Dominica from your About Metals Guide.

Fiji Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of Fiji from your About Metals Guide.

Finland Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of Finland from your About Metals Guide.

France Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of France from your About Metals Guide.

Gabon Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of Gabon from your About Metals Guide.

Ghana Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of Ghana from your About Metals Guide.

Géorgia Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of Gorgia from your About Metals Guide.

Greenland Metal Suppliers
Metal suppliers of Greenland from your About Metals Guide.

Process Control Software
Metals.

Project Management Software
Metals.

Service Center & Distribution Software
Metals.

Metalshop Management Software
Metals.

Metal Suppliers by Country (Afghanistan to Zimbabwe)
Comprehensive list of metal suppliers by country. The most comprehensive online guide for the metal industry. Includes buyers guides, global supplier lists, metal prices, metal properties, specifications, cross references, e-commerce sites, software, conversion tools, industry news and more. Covers every metal from aluminum to zinc.

Metals Suppliers by Form
Comprehensive list of metal suppliers sorted by form. Sections include architectural, bar, billet, braze and solder, casting, coil, extrusion, fittings, foil, forging, ingot, metal-matrix composites, plate, pipe, powder, rod, sheet, strip, structural, tube, and wire. The most comprehensive online guide for the metal industry. Includes buyers guides, global supplier lists, metal prices, metal properties, specifications, cross references, e-commerce sites, software, conversion tools, industry news and more. Covers every metal from aluminum to zinc.

Diemakers, Moldmakers
Tool & Die Designers, Die-making and Mold-making services.

Metals Industry Journals & Magazines
Journals, trade magazines and publications relating to metals, mining, metallurgy, materials science, metal fabrication and manufacturing. The most comprehensive online guide for the metal industry. Includes buyers guides, global supplier lists, metal prices, metal properties, specifications, cross references, e-commerce sites, software, conversion tools, industry news and more. Covers every metal from aluminum to zinc.

Metal Manufacturing Machinery
Machinery and equipment for the production and fabrication of metal products. The most comprehensive online guide for the metal industry. Includes buyers guides, global supplier lists, metal prices, metal properties, specifications, cross references, e-commerce sites, software, conversion tools, industry news and more. Covers every metal from aluminum to zinc.

Cutting Tools
Sources of cutting tools for fabrication of metal products. The most comprehensive online guide for the metal industry. Includes buyers guides, supplier lists, metal prices, metal properties, specifications, e-commerce sites, software, industry news and more. Covers every metal from aluminum to zinc.

Mold Bases
Sources of mold-bases for die-sets and mold manufacturing.

Online Tooling Marketplaces
Online tooling marketplaces and e-commerce sites from your About Metals Guide.

CAD/CAM Software
Metals.

Conversion Software, Tools, Utilities
Metals.

Metals Industry Software and Shareware
Software, shareware and freeware programs that aid the design, testing, planning, manufacturing, purchasing and inventory management processes. The most comprehensive online guide for the metal industry. Includes buyers guides, global supplier lists, metal prices, metal properties, specifications, cross references, e-commerce sites, software, conversion tools, industry news and more. Covers every metal from aluminum to zinc.

Journals, Magazines, News
Journals trade magazines, news, blogs, and books relating to metals, mining, metallurgy, materials science, metal fabrication and manufacturing. The most comprehensive online guide for the metal industry. Includes buyers guides, supplier lists, metal prices, metal properties, specifications, e-commerce sites, software, industry news and more. Covers every metal from aluminum to zinc.

Patina 2
The 'Agora' Council or Europe building in Strasbourg exhibits patina. Page 8.

Patina 3
The gateway to Debrecen University, Hungary, exhibits copper patina. Page 7.

Patina 5
NEMO Science Centre, Amsterdam, has a patina exterior. Page 5.

Patina 6
The Spiral Cafe in St. Martin's Square (Birmingham, UK) is adorned with patina copper. Page 4.

Patina 7
The Ikituuri student apartments in Turku, Finland exhibit a beautiful patina copper facade. Page 3.

Patina 8
The Welsh Assembly Government building at Llandudno Junction. Page 2.

Ferrous Metals Recycling Companies
Metal scrap and recycling companies for ferrous metals. The most comprehensive online guide for the metal industry including material buyers guides,e-commerce sites, material suppliers, industry news, and metallurgical data from your About.com Guide

Non-Ferrous Metal Recycling Resources
Metal scrap and recycling companies who handle Non-ferrous metals. The most comprehensive online guide for the metal industry including material buyers guides, e-commerce sites, material suppliers, industry news, and metallurgical data from your About.com guide.

Definition of Tempering
Glossary of metal industry terminology and definitions from your About.com Guide.

Definition of Alloy
Glossary of metal industry terminology and definitions from your About.com Guide.

Definition of Deoxidation
Glossary of metal industry terminology and definitions from your About.com Guide.

Definition of Descaling
Glossary of metal industry terminology and definitions from your About.com Guide.

Metals Industry Research Resources
This is the selected research for the metals industry.

Metals Industry News Sources
Comprehensive list of news sources for the metals industry, such as American Metals Market, Metal Center News, Metal Bulletin, MetalFax, Platt's Metals News, and more from your About.com Guide

Metals Industry Insiders.
This is the selected insiders for the metals industry.

Metals Industry Career Resources
Careers information and jobs in the metals and manufacturing industry from your About.com Guide. Find job postings, recruiters, employers, trade associations and societies, career assistance and more.

Selected Commerce Index page
This is the selected commerce for dogs

Steel trade organisations, associations and societies. - page 3 of 4
Steel trade organisations, associations and societies.

Steel trade organisations, associations and societies. - page 4 of 4
Steel trade organisations, associations and societies.

Metalworking Resources - page 2 of 2
Metalworking resources, Websites, information and tools from your About.com Guide.

Precious Metals Refining Companies
Recycling and refining companies who handle precious metal scrap or surplus such as gold, platinum, palladium, rhodium, silver, and others. The most comprehensive online guide for the metal industry including material buyers guides, material suppliers and industry news, and metallurgical data from your About.com Guide.

Tooling Manufacturers List
Direct links to leading machine tool manufacturers around the world from your About.com metals guide.

Metals Trade Associations - U.S. Based - page 3 of 11
Trade associations, organizations, and societies in the U.S. relating to metals, mining, manufacturing and engineering. The most comprehensive online guide for the metals industry including material buyers guides, material suppliers and industry news, and metallurgical data from your About.com Guide

Metals Trade Associations - U.S. Based - page 5 of 11
Trade associations, organizations, and societies in the U.S. relating to metals, mining, manufacturing and engineering. The most comprehensive online guide for the metals industry including material buyers guides, material suppliers and industry news, and metallurgical data from your About.com Guide

Metals Trade Associations - U.S. Based - page 6 of 11
Trade associations, organizations, and societies in the U.S. relating to metals, mining, manufacturing and engineering. The most comprehensive online guide for the metals industry including material buyers guides, material suppliers and industry news, and metallurgical data from your About.com Guide

Metals Trade Associations - U.S. Based - page 9 of 11
Trade associations, organizations, and societies in the U.S. relating to metals, mining, manufacturing and engineering. The most comprehensive online guide for the metals industry including material buyers guides, material suppliers and industry news, and metallurgical data from your About.com Guide

Metals Industry Utilities and Tools - page 2 of 2
Handy utilities and reference tools to simplify tasks: conversion formulas, metal weight calculators, material sizing charts, cost estimators, currency converters, web page and language translators. The most comprehensive online guide for the metal industry. Includes buyers guides, global supplier lists, metal prices, metal properties, specifications, cross references, e-commerce sites, software, conversion tools, industry news and more. Covers every metal from aluminum to zinc.