Military History Sitemap - Page 5 2015-05-24

Battle of Big Bethel - Civil War - Benjamin Butler
The Battle of Big Bethel was fought June 10, 1861, during the American Civil War. One of the first engagements of the American Civil War, the Battle of Big Bethel saw Union forces attack Confederates on the Peninsula. At the Battle of Big Bethel, Union forces failed in their assaults and fell back.

Leaders and People of Note From World War II
World War II saw the rise of numerous leaders and standout soldiers. In the course of fighting several key individuals became known for their performance on the battlefield. Many of the leaders of World War II went on to assume key positions in the postwar world.

General James Longstreet - Confederate Generals - Civil War - Army of Northern Virginia
The Confederate Army employed hundreds of generals during the Civil War. This gallery provides an overview of several of the key Confederate generals who contributed to the Southern cause and helped guide its armies throughout the war. This photo shows Lieutenant General James Longstreet. Page 6.

President Jefferson Davis
President Jefferson Davis served as the Confederacy's only president and was in office for the entirety of the Civil War.

Lieutenant General Jubal A. Early
Lieutenant General Jubal A. Early was a Confederate commander during the Civil War who led troops in the Army of Northern Virginia and in the Shenandoah Valley.

General John B. Hood
General John B. Hood was a Confederate commander during the Civil War who rose to command the Army of Tennessee in 1864.

Major General John B. Gordon
Major General John B. Gordon was a noted Confederate commander who saw service in the East during the Civil War.

General Robert E. Lee
General Robert E. Lee was a famous Confederate commander during the Civil War who led the Army of Northern Virginia.

Lieutenant General Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson
Lieutenant General Thomas

Lieutenant General Richard Ewell
Lieutenant General Richard Ewell was a Confederate leader during the Civil War who led a corps in the Army of Northern Virginia.

Major General J.E.B. Stuart
Major General J.E.B. Stuart was Confederate leader during the Civil War who led the Army of Northern Virginia's cavalry.

General Joseph E. Johnston
General Joseph E. Johnston was a key Confederate commander during the Civil War who saw service in all parts of the Confederacy.

General Braxton Bragg
General Braxton Bragg was a Confederate commander who led the Army of Tennessee for most of the Civil War.

General Pierre G.T. Beauregard
General Pierre G.T. Beauregard was a Confederate commander who oversaw the attack on Fort Sumter and later saw service in several areas of the South.

Lieutenant General James Longstreet
Lieutenant General James Longstreet was a Confederate leader during the Civil War who led a corps in the Army of Northern Virginia.

Lieutenant General Ambrose P. Hill
Lieutenant General Ambrose P. Hill was a Confederate leader during the Civil War who led a corps in the Army of Northern Virginia.

Knoxville Campaign - American Civil War
The Knoxville Campaign took place in the late fall of 1863 and saw Confederate forces under Lt. Gen. James Longstreet attempt to dislodge Maj. Gen. Ambrose Burnside's men from Knoxville, TN.

Joseph Wheeler - Confederate General - Civil War
Major General Joseph Wheeler was a noted Confederate cavalry general during the Civil War. Serving in the western theater of the war, Joseph Wheeler took part in most of the major actions in that region. Returning to the US Army after the war, Joseph Wheeler later was a key commander during the Spanish-American War.

Civil War in the West - Western Theater of the Civil War - American Civil War in the West
The American Civil War in the West between 1863 and 1865 was dominated by the Union. Following a defeat at Chickamauga, Union troops in the West advanced capturing Atlanta and Savannah, before marching north into the Carolinas where the Civil War in the West ended at Durham Station.

American Civil War: Battle of Chattanooga
The Battle of Chattanooga was fought between November 23-25, 1863, and consisted of two major actions. First Gen. Ulysses S. Grant's Union troops cleared the Confederates from Lookout Mountain to the south of Chattanooga. They then drove Gen. Braxton Bragg's Army of the Tennessee off of Missionary Ridge, putting them to rout in the process. The Battle of Chattanooga ended the siege of the city and forced the Confederates to retreat into Georgia.

James Longstreet - Civil War General
Lieutenant General James Longstreet was a key commander during the Civil War. Rapidly rising through the ranks, Longstreet led the First Corps, Army of Northern Virginia for much of the conflict. A gifted corps commander, Longstreet oversaw the disastrous infantry assault known as Pickett's Charge during the Battle of Gettysburg.

Civil War General Ambrose Burnside
A native of Rhode Island, Ambrose Burnside rose to the rank of major general during the American Civil War. Given command of the Army of the Potomac in late 1862, he was badly defeated at the Battle of Fredericksburg. Remaining in the army after his removal, Burnside resigned following being removed from corps command after the 1864 Battle of the Crater.

Braxton Bragg - American Civil War General Braxton Bragg
General Braxton Bragg was a principal Confederate commander in the West during the Civil War. Appointed to lead the Army of Tennessee in mid-1862, Bragg was a strict disciplinarian who had mixed results on the battlefield. Following his defeat at Chattanooga in late 1863, he was relieved.

World War II - Georgy Zhukov Biography
Marshal Georgy Zhukov rose from peasant roots to command Soviet forces during World War II. Under his leadership, Red Army troops successfully defended Moscow and won victories at Stalingrad and Berlin. After the war, Zhukov remained a prominent figure in the Soviet military and later served as defense minister.

World War II - Lieutenant Colonel Otto Skorzeny
Otto Skorzeny was a noted German commando leader during World War II. Otto Skorzeny conducted the rescue of Benito Mussolini in 1943 and later played a key role in the Battle of the Bulge. After the war, Otto Skorzeny worked with ODESSA and as a security consultant.

Von Rundstedt - Field Marshal Gerd von Rundstedt - World War II
Field Marshal Gerd von Rundstedt was a German commander who saw service on several fronts during World War II. After leading forces during the invasion of Poland and campaign in the West, Gerd von Rundstedt won key victories during Operation Barbarossa. Later in the war, Gerd von Rundstedt oversaw German forces in the West.

Altmark - World War II Altmark Incident - Kriegsmarine
The Altmark Incident occurred February 16, 1940, during the early months of World War II. Returning to Germany with British POWs, the German tanker Altmark was boarded in Norwegian waters by sailors from HMS Cossack. In the resulting Altmark Incident, the POWs were freed but the boarding led to the German invasion of Norway.

Spanish-American War USS Maine Explosion
Commissioned in 1895, USS Maine was an armored cruiser built for the US Navy. Sent to protect American interests in Havana, Cuba, USS Maine exploded on the night of February 15, 1898. The loss of USS Maine, coupled with tensions over Cuba, led the United States to declare war on Spain that April.

Battle of Cape St. Vincent - Horatio Nelson Battle of Cape St. Vincent
The Battle of Cape St. Vincent was fought on February 14, 1797, during the Wars of the French Revolution. Engaging off Cape St. Vincent, Portugal, a smaller British fleet under Adm. Sir John Jervis won a stunning victory over the Spanish. In the battle, Commodore Horatio Nelson played a key role in disrupting the Spanish line.

USS California - BB-44 - World War II
USS California (BB-44) was a Tennessee-class battleship that entered service in 1921. Present during the attack on Pearl Harbor, USS California was sunk at its moorings. Repaired and modernized, USS California later served in the Pacific campaigns of World War II.

USS West Virginia (BB-48) - World War II Battleships
USS West Virginia (BB-48) was a Colorado-class battleship that entered service in 1923. Sunk at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, USS West Virginia was re-floated, repaired, and modernized. Rejoining the fleet, USS West Virginia took part in the later campaigns in the Pacific.

USS Maryland (BB-46) - World War II Battleship
USS Maryland (BB-46) was a Colorado-class battleship that entered service in 1921. Present at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, USS Maryland sustained damage but returned to take part in campaigns across the Pacific during World War II.

World War II: Advancing Across the Pacific
During World War II, the Allies adopted a strategy of island hopping to move across the Pacific and defeat Japan.

World War II Pacific Allied Advances - World War II Pacific in the Philippines - World War II Island Hopping in the Pacific - World War II Victory
During World War II, the Allies adopted a strategy of

World War II Pacific Allied Advances - World War II Pacific in the Philippines - World War II Island Hopping in the Pacific - World War II Victory
During World War II, the Allies adopted a strategy of

USS Tennessee - BB-43 - World War II - Battleships
USS Tennessee (BB-43) was the lead ship of its class of battleships. Damaged at Pearl Harbor, USS Tennessee later saw extensive fighting during World War II.

USS Pennsylvania - BB-38 - Battleships - World War II
USS Pennsylvania (BB-38) was a Pennsylvania-class battleship that entered the US Navy in 1916 and saw service during World War I and World War II. USS Pennsylvania was present during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, and later saw service across the Pacific. USS Pennsylvania took part in the Operation Crossroads testing at Bikini Atoll in 1946.

Naval Leaders of World War II - World War II Admirals
A list of naval leaders from World War II.

Admiral Jesse B. Oldendorf - World War II
Admiral Jesse B. Oldendorf was an American commander in the Pacific during World War II who led Allied forces to victory at the Battle of Surigao Strait.

Major General George Stoneman - American Civil War
Major General George Stoneman was a Union cavalry commander during the American Civil War who led several major raids and was captured in 1864.

World War II: Field Marshal Erwin Rommel Biography
Field Marshal Erwin Rommel was a noted German commander during World War II. Known as the

Army Biographies of the 1900s - 20th Century Army Biographies - Army Biographies
The conflicts of the 1900s have seen the emergence of some of the greatest military minds in history. Here we examine those leaders who led their forces to victory in the 20th century.

World War II: Field Marshal Sir Harold Alexander
Field Marshal Harold Alexander was a top British commander during World War II. A veteran of World War I, Harold Alexander led troops in France, Burma, North Africa, and Italy during World War II. For his efforts, Harold Alexander was elevated to the peerage as Earl Alexander of Tunis.

General Matthew Ridgway - WWII and Korean War
Matthew Ridgway was a key American airborne commander during World War II and later commanded United Nations troops during the Korean War. In Korea, Ridgway led the US 8th Army before replacing Gen. Douglas MacArthur as overall commander. In leading UN forces, Ridgway was able to hold the territory reclaimed after the Chinese offensives of 1950.

Chesty Puller - US Marine Corps - Lewis B. Puller
Chesty Puller was noted US Marine who saw service during World War II and the Korean War. During his career, Chesty Puller became one of the most decorated Marines in history. Seeing action at notable engagements such as Guadalcanal and Chosin Reservoir, Chesty Puller later retired as a lieutenant colonel.

General George Patton Biography - World War 2
General George Patton was a key American commander during World War II. A gifted athlete, George Patton saw service in World War I and helped pioneer mobile warfare. An outspoken leader, Patton proved gifted corps and army commander in North Africa and Europe.

World War II Leaders - Generals of World War II
A listing of commanders who led during World War II.

Audie Murphy Biography - World War II
Audie Murphy was the most decorated America soldier of World War II. Achieving the rank of first lieutenant, Audie Murphy received 33 decorations for his service in Europe. Audie Murphy won the Medal of Honor for his actions at Holtzwihr, France and later became a movie star.

General George Marshall - US Army Chief of Staff in WWII
General George Marshall saw service during both World War I and World War II. Becoming Army Chief of Staff on September 1, 1939, George Marshall coordinated American and Allied efforts during World War and was referred to the

Biography of General Douglas MacArthur - Early Years
General Douglas MacArthur was a noted American commander during the 20th century. Distinguishing himself during World War I, Douglas MacArthur served as Chief of the Staff of the US Army during the 1930s. Commanding Allied forces in the Southwest Pacific during World War II, he later led UN forces during the Korean War.

Gen. Douglas MacArthur - World War II Important Figures
General Douglas MacArthur was a noted American commander during the 20th century. Distinguishing himself during World War I, Douglas MacArthur served as Chief of the Staff of the US Army during the 1930s. Commanding Allied forces in the Southwest Pacific during World War II, he later led UN forces during the Korean War. Page 2.

Douglas MacArthur - Gen. Douglas MacArthur
General Douglas MacArthur was a noted American commander during the 20th century. Distinguishing himself during World War I, Douglas MacArthur served as Chief of the Staff of the US Army during the 1930s. Commanding Allied forces in the Southwest Pacific during World War II, he later led UN forces during the Korean War. Page 3.

Profile of World War II Colonel General Ludwig Beck
Colonel General Ludwig Beck was a German commander who served as chief of the general staff in the years before World War II. Ludwig Beck opposed Hitler's desire to go to war and resigned in August 1938. Continueing to oppose Hitler, Ludwig Beck was a player in the July 20 Plot.

World War II: General Omar Bradley, Biography
Key American field commander during World War II, seeing service in North Africa, rising to command the 12th Army Group in Western Europe after D-Day.

General Omar Bradley - World War II General Omar Bradley
General Omar Bradley was key American field commander during World War II. Seeing service in North Africa, Bradley rose to command the 12th Army Group in Western Europe after D-Day. Following World War II, Omar Bradley was named the first Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Page 2.

World War II: Colonel General Heinz Guderian
Heinz Guderian was a notable German commander during World War II. A pioneer of armored warfare, Heinz Guderian developed and advocated the theory of blitzkrieg. Heinz Guderian saw service against Poland, France, and on the Eastern Front before moving through several staff positions.

General Dwight D. Eisenhower World War II Military Profile
General Dwight D. Eisenhower led Allied forces in Europe during World War II. During the conflict, Dwight Eisenhower oversaw operations ranging from the landings in North Africa to D-Day and the Battle of the Bulge. Dwight Eisenhower later served as US Army Chief of Staff and was elected President of the United States in 1952.

James Gavin - General James Gavin - World War II - Jumping General
Lt. Gen. James Gavin was a noted American airborne commander during World War II. Serving in, then leading the 82nd Airborne Division, Gavin took part in all of the division's major actions during the war. Gavin routinely took part in combat jumps with his men and earned the nickname

American Civil War: Major General Joseph Hooker
Major General Joseph Hooker was a Union general during the Civil War. Rising to command the Army of the Potomac, he was badly defeated at the Battle of Chancellorsville. Transferred to the Western Theater, Hooker performed well as a corps commander during the fighting around Chattanooga and during the Atlanta Campaign.

Major General Gideon J. Pillow - American Civil War
Major General Gideon J. Pillow was a veteran of the Mexican-American War who later served in the Confederate Army and saw action in several early engagements in the Western Theater.

TBD Devastator - Douglas TBD Devastator
The Douglas TBD Devastator was a torpedo bomber used by the US Navy during the early days of World War II. The TBD Devastator was in service at the start of the war and took part in the Battles of the Coral Sea and Midway before being replaced by the TBF Avenger.

Battle of Dogger Bank - World War I - Royal Navy - High Seas Fleet
The Battle of Dogger Bank was fought January 24, 1915, during World War I. The Battle of Dogger Bank saw British battlecruisers intercept their German counterparts in the North Sea. In the Battle of Dogger Bank, the Germans lost an armored cruiser while a British battlecruiser was severely damaged.

Military Aircraft
Land here to explore the wide variety of aircraft that have been used by the world's armed forces. From the Sopwith Camel to the F-14, this is your place for information about the planes that have dominated the skies.

Korean War MiG-15 Communist Jet Fighter
The MiG-15 was a key Communist jet fighter during the Korean War. Designed by Artem Mikoyan and Mikhail Gurevich, the MiG-15 was designed for the Soviet Union and was one of the first swept wing jet fighters. Flying over North Korea, the MiG-15 routinely dueled American F-86 Sabres in

Vietnam War - Brigadier General Robin Olds
Brigadier General Robin Olds was a noted American flying ace during World War II and the Vietnam War. Robin Olds was credited with twelve kills over Europe and four over Vietnam. Commanding the 8th Tactical Fighter Wing in Thailand, Robin Olds became known for his trademark mustache.

Lockheed P-80 Shooting Star - Korean War Fighter
The Lockheed P-80 Shooting Star was the US Army Forces' first jet fighter which saw limited service in World War II and more extensive combat during the Korean War.

Jubal Early - Confederate General - Civil War
Lieutenant General Jubal Early was a Confederate commander during the Civil War. Serving largely with the Army of Northern Virginia, Jubal Early took part in most of its major battles. In 1864, Jubal Early led Confederate forces in the Shenandoah Valley and threatened Washington, DC until being badly defeated by Major General Philip Sheridan.

John B. Gordon - Major General - Civil War - Confederate
Major General John B. Gordon was a Confederate commander during the American Civil War. Serving in the Army of Northern Virginia, John B. Gordon fought in most of its campaign and became one of General Robert E. Lee's most trusted leaders. At Appomattox, John B. Gordon led Confederate forces during the surrender proceedings.

Horatio Wright - American Civil War - Major General
Major General Horatio Wright was a Union commander during the American Civil War. Born in Connecticut, Horatio Wright graduated from West Point and ascended to lead the Union VI Corps. After the war, Horatio Wright later served as Chief of the Corps of Engineers.

Major General George Crook - Civil War & Indian Wars
Major General George Crook was a noted Union commander during the American Civil War and the Indian Wars.

Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant
Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant was a key Union commander during the Civil War who ultimately came to oversee all Union armies.

Major General William S. Rosecrans
Major General William S. Rosecrans led the Army of the Cumberland during the Civil War and was later defeated at the Battle of Chickamauga.

Major General William T. Sherman
Major General William T. Sherman was a Union commander during the Civil War who oversaw the campaign against Atlanta and then the advance to the sea.

Major General George H. Thomas
Major General George H. Thomas was a Union commander that earned fame at the Battle of Chickamauga and later led the Army of the Cumberland.

Major General Philip H. Sheridan
Major General Philip H. Sheridan was a Union commander during the Civil War who later led the Army of the Potomac's cavalry.

Major General Don Carlos Buell
Major General Don Carlos Buell was a Union leader who fought at Shiloh and led troops at the Battle of Perryville.

Major General Winfield S. Hancock
Major General Winfield S. Hancock was a Union corps commander during the Civil War who saw extensive service in the East.

Major General Ambrose Burnside
Major General Ambrose Burnside was Union general during the Civil War who led troops in North Carolina, the Battle of Fredericksburg, and later during the Overland Campaign

Major General Joseph Hooker
Major General Joseph Hooker was a Union general during the Civil War who saw service in the East, was defeated at the Battle of Chancellorsville, and led XX Corps in the West.

Major General George G. Meade
Major General George G. Meade was Union general during the Civil War who saw service in the East and led the Army of the Potomac at the Battle of Gettysburg.

Major General Henry W. Halleck
Major General Henry W. Halleck was the Union general-in-chief during the Civil War.

Major General John Pope
Major General John Pope was a Union general during the Civil War who saw service in the West before being defeated at the Second Battle of Manassas.

Major General Irvin McDowell
Major General Irvin McDowell was Union general during the American Civil War and was defeated at the First Battle of Bull Run

Major General George B. McClellan
Major General George B. McClellan was a Union general who led troops during the Peninsula Campaign and the Battle of Antietam.

President Abraham Lincoln
President Abraham Lincoln led the United States during the American Civil War.

Battle of Fisher's Hill - American Civil War
The Battle of Fisher's Hill was fought September 21-22, 1864, during the American Civil War, and saw Union forces win a key victory in the Shenandoah Valley.

USS Wisconsin (BB-64) - World War II Battleship
USS Wisconsin (BB-64) was an Iowa-class battleship that entered service in 1944 and fought in the later campaigns of World War II as well as the Korean and Gulf Wars.

USS New Jersey - BB-62 - World War II - Battleship
USS New Jersey (BB-62) was an Iowa-class battleship that entered service in 1943 and saw service in World War II. Modernized, USS New Jersey later fought off Korea and Vietnam.

USS Iowa - World War II - BB-61 - Battleships
USS Iowa (BB-61) was an Iowa-class battleship built for the US Navy during World War II. The lead ship of its class, USS Iowa saw service in both the Atlantic and Pacific during World War II and later took part in the Korean War. USS Iowa remained in service until 2006 when it became a museum ship

USS Alabama - BB-60 - World War II - Battleship
USS Alabama (BB-60) was a South Dakota-class battleship that entered service in 1942 and fought in multiple theaters of World War II.

USS Indiana - BB-58 - World War II - Battleship
USS Indiana (BB-58) was a South Dakota-class battleship that entered service in 1942. Serving in the Pacific during World War II, USS Indiana saw extensive service fighting the Japanese.

USS Massachusetts - BB-59 - World War II - Battleship
USS Massachusetts was a South Dakota-class battleship that entered commission in 1942 and saw widespread service during World War II.

USS South Dakota - BB-57 - World War II Battleship
USS South Dakota (BB-57) was the lead ship of its class of battleships. Commissioned in 1942, USS South Dakota saw extensive service in the Pacific during World War II. Thought sunk by the Japanese several times, USS South Dakota earned the nickname Battleship X.

USS North Carolina - BB-55 - World War II - Battleships
USS North Carolina (BB-55) was a US Navy battleship that saw extensive service during World War II. Active in the Pacific Ocean, USS North Carolina took part in many of the Allied island-hopping campaigns of the conflict. USS North Carolina is currently a museum ship in Wilmington, NC.

US Navy: South Dakota-class (BB-49 to BB-54)
The South Dakota-class of battleship (BB-49 to BB-54) was a type of battleship designed for the US Navy. Commencing construction in 1920 and 1921, the ships of the South Dakota-class were cancelled following the ratification of the Washington Naval Treaty.

USS Washington - BB-47 - Washington Naval Treaty
USS Washington (BB-47) was a Colorado-class battleship that was launched in 1921. With the signing of the Washington Naval Treaty, work on USS Washington ceased and the hull was ultimately towed out to sea and sunk as a target.

USS Colorado (BB-45) - World War II Battleships
USS Colorado (BB-45) was the lead ship of its class of battleship and entered service in 1923. Undergoing an overhaul when the United States entered World War II, USS Colorado later saw extensive service against the Japanese in the Pacific.

USS Mississippi - BB-41 - World War II
USS Mississippi (BB-41) was New Mexico-class battleship that entered service in 1917. Modernized between the wars, USS Mississippi saw service during World War II. After taking part in the fighting in the Pacific, USS Mississippi remained in use until 1956.

USS Idaho - BB-42 - World War II - Battleships
USS Idaho (BB-42) was a New Mexico-class battleship that entered service in 1919. Modernized in the 1930s, USS Idaho saw extensive during World War II.

World War II: Battleship USS Missouri (BB-63)
USS Missouri was an Iowa-class battleship that was launched during World War II. The last battleship built for the US Navy, USS Missoui saw action in the Pacific and was the site of the formal surrender of Japan. After the conflict, USS Missouri saw service in the Korean War and, after a major refit, the 1991 Gulf War.

USS New Mexico - BB-40 - World War II - Battleship
USS New Mexico (BB-40) was the lead ship of its class of battleship. Entering service in 1918, USS New Mexico later saw extensive service in World War II. Operating in the Pacific, USS New Mexico took part in numerous engagements.

USS Arizona - World War II - Battleship - USS Arizona Pearl Harbor
USS Arizona was a Pennsylvania-class battleship commissioned in 1916. USS Arizona served in a variety of peacetime roles during the interwar years and was at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. During the Japanese attack, USS Arizona was struck by a bomb detonating its forward magazine and destroying the ship.

USS Oklahoma - BB-37 - World War II - Pearl Harbor
USS Oklahoma (BB-37) was a Nevada-class battleship that entered service in 1916. Following World War I, USS Oklahoma saw service with both the Atlantic and Pacific Fleets. At Pearl Harbor on December 7, USS Oklahoma was sunk during the Japanese attack

USS Nevada - BB-36 - Battleships - World War II
USS Nevada (BB-36) was a US Navy battleship that entered service in 1916. During its career, USS Nevada (BB-36) saw service during both World War I and World War II. After World War II, USS Nevada (BB-36) was used during the atomic testing at Bikini Atoll.

USS Arkansas - BB-33 - World War I - World War II
USS Arkansas (BB-33) was a Wyoming-class battleship that entered service in 1912. During World War I, USS Arkansas operated with the British Grand Fleet and was later modernized. Retained, USS Arkansas saw extensive use in European waters during World War II.

USS Utah - BB-31 - World War I - Attack on Pearl Harbor
USS Utah (BB-31) was a Florida-class battleship that joined the fleet in 1911. Serving abroad in World War I, USS Utah remained active until 1931. Converted to a target ship, USS Utah continued in service until being sunk during the attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.

USS Florida - BB-30 - World War I - Battleships
USS Florida (BB-30) was the lead ship of its class of battleships and entered service in 1911. After supporting the occupation of Veracruz in 1914, USS Florida served in Europe during World War I. USS Florida remained in service until 1931.

USS Michigan - BB-27 - World War I - Battleships
USS Michigan (BB-27) was a South Carolina-class battleship that entered service with the US Navy in 1910. Taking part in the 1914 occupation of Veracruz, USS Michigan later served in home waters during World War I. Retained after the conflict, USS Michigan was later retired in 1922.

USS South Carolina - BB-26 - World War I - US Navy
USS South Carolina (BB-26) was a US Navy battleship that entered service in 1910. The US Navy's first dreadnought battleship, USS South Carolina largely operated in American waters during World War I. Retained until 1924, USS South Carolina was removed from service to comply with the Washington Naval Treaty.

Second Battle of Newbury - English Civil War
The Second Battle of Newbury was fought October 27, 1644, during the English Civil War and saw Parliament win a tactical victory over the Royalists.

USS New Hampshire - BB-25 - US Navy - Battleships - Connecticut-class
USS New Hampshire was a Connecticut-class battleship that saw service with the US Navy. Commissioned in 1908, USS New Hampshire saw service in the Atlantic and Caribbean. USS New Hampshire remained in use through World War I and was later decommissioned in 1921.

USS Idaho - BB-24 - US Navy - Battleships - Lemnos
USS Idaho (BB-24) was a Mississippi-class battleship that saw service with the US Navy. Entering service in 1908, USS Idaho saw routine peacetime service over the next six years. In 1914, USS Idaho was sold to Greece and renamed Lemnos.

USS Mississippi - BB-23 - US Navy - Battleships
USS Mississippi (BB-23) was commissioned in 1908 and saw service with the US Navy. The lead ship of its class, USS Mississippi and its sister ship were smaller than the classes that came before. In 1914, USS Mississippi was sold to Greece and renamed Kilkis.

USS Minnesota - BB-22 - Great White Fleet - US Navy - Battleships
USS Minnesota (BB-22) was a Connecticut-class battleship that began service with the US Navy in 1907. Sailing with the Great White Fleet, USS Minnesota circumnavigated the globe in a demonstration of American power. Taking part in World War I, USS Minnesota remained in service until 1921.

USS Vermont - BB-20 - Great White Fleet - US Navy - Battleships
USS Vermont (BB-20) was a Connecticut-class battleship that entered service with the US Navy in 1907. Later that year, USS Vermont commenced an around-the-world cruise as part of the Great White Fleet. USS Vermont remained in service through World War I and was sold for scrap in 1923.

USS Kansas - Great White Fleet - BB-21 - US Navy - Battleships
USS Kansas (BB-21) was a Connecticut-class battleship that entered service in 1907. Sailing with the Great White Fleet, USS Kansas circled the world between 1907 and 1909. Remaining in service until 1921, USS Kansas was later sold for scrap.

USS Louisiana - BB-19 - Great White Fleet - US Navy - Battleships
USS Louisiana (BB-19) was a Connecticut-class battleship that entered service in 1906. The following year, USS Louisiana sailed as part of the Great White Fleet and circumnavigated the globe. Later serving with the Atlantic Fleet, USS Louisiana was sold for scrap in 1923.

USS Connecticut - Great White Fleet - Battleship - US Navy - Connecticut-Class
USS Connecticut (BB-18) was an American battleship that saw service during the early 20th century. In 1907 to 1909, USS Connecticut acted as flagship of the Great White Fleet and sailed around the world. USS Connecticut later took part in World War I and was scrapped in 1923.

USS Rhode Island - BB-17 - Great White Fleet - Battleships - US Navy
USS Rhode Island (BB-17) was a Virginia-class battleship that entered service with the US Navy in 1906. The following year, USS Rhode Island sailed around the world as part of the Great White Fleet. USS Rhode Island remained in use until being sold for scrap in 1923.

USS New Jersey - BB-16 - Great White Fleet - US Navy - Battleships
USS New Jersey (BB-16) was a Virginia-class battleship built for the US Navy. Entering service in 1906, USS New Jersey took part in the cruise of the Great White Fleet. Remaining in the fleet, USS New Jersey served in World War I and was later retired in 1920.

USS Georgia - BB-15 - Great White Fleet - US Navy - Battleships
USS Georgia (BB-15) was a Virginia-class battleship that entered service with the US Navy in 1906. In 1907, USS Georgia sailed with the Great White Fleet and circled the globe and visited South America and the Far East. USS Georgia remained in service until 1920.

USS Nebraska - BB-14 - Great White Fleet - Virginia-Class - Battleships - US Navy
USS Nebraska (BB-14) was a Virginia-class battleship that saw service with the US Navy. Commissioned in 1907, USS Nebraska took part in the cruise of the Great White Fleet and visited ports in the Pacific and Europe. USS Nebraska later served during World War I before being sold for scrap in 1923.

USS Virginia - BB-13 - Great White Fleet - World War I
USS Virginia (BB-13) was the lead ship of its class of battleships and entered service in 1906. The following year, USS Virginia sailed as part of the Great White Fleet. Remaining in use through World War I, USS Virginia was sunk as a target in 1923.

USS Missouri - BB-11 - Great White Fleet - Battleships - US Navy
USS Missouri (BB-11) was a Maine-class battleship that entered service in 1903. Sailing with the Great White Fleet, USS Missouri steamed around the world in 1907-1909. Used for training during World War I, USS Missouri was sold for scrap in 1922.

USS Ohio - BB-12 - Great White Fleet - US Navy - Battleships
USS Ohio (BB-12) was an American battleship that entered service in 1904. Sailing with the Great White Fleet from 1907 to 1909, USS Ohio circumnavigated the globe and made port calls around the world. Retired from service in 1922, USS Ohio was later sold for scrap.

USS Wisconsin - BB-9 - US Navy - Battleships - Great White Fleet
USS Wisconsin (BB-9) was an Illinois-class battleship built for the US Navy. Commissioned in 1901, USS Wisconsin saw extensive service in the Pacific and later took part in the cruise of the Great White Fleet. Used as a training ship in World War I, USS Wisconsin was sold for scrap in 1922.

USS Maine - BB-10 - Great White Fleet - US Navy - Battleships
USS Maine (BB-10) was an American battleship which entered service in 1902. The lead ship of its class, USS Maine took part in the first leg of the cruise of the Great White Fleet. Remaining in service through World War I, USS Maine was scrapped following the Washington Naval Treaty.

USS Alabama - BB-8 - Battleships - US Navy - Great White Fleet
USS Alabama (BB-8) was an Illinois-class battleship that saw service in the US Navy. Entering commission in 1900, USS Alabama took part in part of the cruise of the Great White Fleet. USS Alabama remained use until 1920.

USS Illinois - BB-7 - Battleships - US Navy
USS Illinois (BB-7) was battleship that saw service with the US Navy. Commissioned in 1901, USS Illinois (BB-7) later took part in the cruise of the Great White Fleet. Serving in various roles until 1956, USS Illinois (BB-7) was sold for scrap later that year.

USS Iowa - BB-4 - Spanish-American War - Battleships
USS Iowa (BB-4) was a battleship that saw service with the US Navy. Commissioned in 1897, USS Iowa was the service's first sea-going battleship and saw action during the Spanish-American War. USS Iowa was later sunk as a target in 1923.

USS Kentucky - BB-6 - Battleships - Great White Fleet - US Navy
USS Kentucky (BB-6) was commissioned in 1900 and was the second battleship of the Kearsarge-class. Sailing with the Great White Fleet, USS Kentucky traveled around the world. Decommissioned in 1920, USS Kentucky was sold for scrap in 1923.

USS Kearsarge - BB-5 - US Navy - Great White Fleet
USS Kearsarge (BB-5) was the lead ship of the US Nayv's Kearsarge-class battleships. Entering service in 1900, USS Kearsarge sailed around the world with the Great White Fleet. Later converted to a crane ship, USS Kearsarge remained in service until 1955.

USS Oregon - BB-3 - US Navy - Spanish-American War
USS Oregon (BB-3) was an Indiana-class battleship that saw service during with the US Navy. In 1898, USS Oregon famously rounded South America to join the US fleet off Cuba during the Spanish-American War. USS Oregon saw later service in the Pacific and was later sold for scrap in 1956.

USS Massachusetts - BB-2 - Spanish-American War - US Navy - Battleships
USS Massachusetts (BB-2) was an Indiana-class battleship that saw service with the US Navy. Entering service in 1896, USS Massachusetts (BB-2) took part in the Spanish-American War. USS Massachusetts operated as a training ship during World War I and later was scuttled off Pensacola, FL.

USS Maine (ACR-1) - Spanish-American War
USS Maine (ACR-1) was an early US Navy battleship/armored cruiser that entered service in 1895. While in Havana in 1898, USS Maine exploded and helped cause the Spanish-American War.

USS Texas (1892) - Spanish-American War Battleship
USS Texas (1892) was the US Navy's first modern battleship and entered service in 1895. USS Texas (1892) later saw service in the Spanish-American War.

USS Indiana - BB-1 - Spanish-American War - Battleship - US Navy
USS Indiana (BB-1) was the first modern battleship built by the US Navy. Launched in 1893, USS Indiana (BB-1) saw action during the Spanish-American War and took part in the Battle of Santiago de Cuba. USS Indiana (BB-1) later saw service during World War I as training ship.

USS Wasp - CV-18 - World War II - Aircraft Carrier - US Navy
USS Wasp (CV-18) was an Essex-class aircraft carrier built for the US Navy. Entering service in 1943, USS Wasp saw extensive service in the Pacific during World War II. Remaining in use until 1972, USS Wasp served as a recovery ship for three Gemini space flights.

USS Oriskany - CV-34 - US Navy - Aircraft Carrier
USS Oriskany (CV-34) was a aircraft carrier that saw service with the US Navy from 1950 to 1976. Laid down during World War II, USS Oriskany was completed after the conflict and later saw service during the Korean and Vietnam Wars. In 2006, USS Oriskany was sunk in the Gulf of Mexico as an artificial reef.

History of USS Bunker Hill World War II Aircraft Carrier
USS Bunker Hill (CV-17) was an Essex-class aircraft carrier that saw service during World War II. Serving in the Pacific, USS Bunker Hill took part in the Battle of the Philippine Sea and was part of the Fast Carrier Task Force. While operating off Okinawa, USS Bunker Hill was hit by two kamikazes which caused significant damage.

USS Lexington - CV-16 - World War II - Aircraft Carrier - US Navy
USS Lexington (CV-16) was an Essex-class aircraft carrier that saw extensive service with the US Navy during World War II. Serving in the Pacific, USS Lexington took part in the Battles of the Philippine Sea and Leyte Gulf as well as raids on Japan. USS Lexington was later modernized and remained in service until 1991.

USS Randolph - CV-15 - World War II - US Navy - Aircraft Carrier
USS Randolph (CV-15) was an Essex-class carrier built for the US Navy during World War II. Seeing service in the latter stages of the campaigns in the Pacific, USS Randolph battled Japanese forces. Modernized after the war, USS Randolph saw routine duty until being inactivated in 1969.

USS Ticonderoga - CV-14 - World War II - Aircraft Carrier - US Navy - Vietnam War
USS Ticonderoga (CV-14) was a US Navy aircraft carrier that saw service during World War II. Commissioned in 1944, USS Ticonderoga took part in operations in the Pacific. Modernized after the war, USS Ticonderoga later took part in the Vietnam War before being retired in 1973.

USS Yorktown - World War II - CV-10 - Aircraft Carrier - US Navy
USS Yorktown (CV-10) was an Essex-class aircraft carrier that served with the US Navy. Entering service in 1943, USS Yorktown saw combat in the Pacific during World War II. After the war, USS Yorktown saw further action during the Vietnam War before becoming a museum ship.

History of USS Intrepid World War II Aircraft Carrier
USS Intrepid (CV-11) was an Essex-class aircraft carrier that saw extensive service during World War II. Campaigning in the Pacific, USS Intrepid later took part in the Vietnam War. USS Intrepid later became a museum ship in New York City.

USS Essex - CV-9 - World War II - Aircarft Carriers
USS Essex (CV-9) was an American aircraft carrier that entered service during World War II. The lead ship of the large Essex-class, USS Essex took part in the major campaigns in the Pacific and later served in the Korean War. Remaining in service until 1969, USS Essex served as a recovery ship for the early Apollo space missions.

USS Hornet - CV-8 - Aircraft Carrier - World War II
USS Hornet (CV-8) was an American aircraft carrier during World War II. USS Hornet gained famed for its role in the April 1942 Doolittle Raid. Taking part in the Battle of Santa Cruz that October, USS Hornet was lost in action.

USS Enterprise CV-6 World War II Aircraft Carrier
USS Enterprise (CV-6) was an American aircraft carrier during World War II. Entering service in 1938, USS Enterprise saw action throughout the war in the Pacific including the Battle of Midway. One of the most honored ships of the war, USS Enterprise earned 20 battle stars and the Presidential Unit Citation.

USS Ranger - CV-4 - World War II - Aircraft Carrier
USS Ranger (CV-4) was a US Navy aircraft carrier that saw service during World War II. The US Navy's first purpose-built aircraft carrier, USS Ranger saw extensive service in the Atlantic as the war raged. Smaller and slower than its newer compatriots, USS Ranger finished the war as a training carrier.

USS Langley - The US Navy's First Aircraft Carrier
USS Langley was the first aircraft carrier to see service with the US Navy. Converted from a collier in 1922, Langley conducted a wide variety of aviation testing and sailed with both the Atlantic and Pacific fleets. Modified into a seaplane tender in 1936, Langley was sunk by the Japanese in 1942.

USS Yorktown - CV-5 - World War II - Battle of Midway
USS Yorktown (CV-5) was an American aircraft carrier during World War II. Launched in 1937, USS Yorktown took part in the Battle of the Coral Sea. USS Yorktown was lost following the Battle of Midway a month later.

USS Saratoga (CV-3) - World War II Aircraft Carrier
USS Saratoga (CV-3) was one of the US Navy's first aircraft carriers and saw service during World War II. Serving in the Pacific, USS Saratoga took part in many of the Allied campaigns against Japan. USS Saratoga was sunk as part of Operation Crossroads at Bikini Atoll in 1946.

Battle of Red Bank - American Revolution - Philadelphia Campaign - Carl von Donop
The Battle of Red Bank was fought October 22, 1777, during the American Revolution. Having captured Philadelphia, Gen. Sir William Howe dispatched Hessian forces to capture Fort Mercer on the Delaware River. Attacking at the Battle of Red Bank, the Hessians were repulsed with heavy losses.

Arnold Expedition - American Revolution
The Arnold Expedition took place in September to November 1775 and saw Colonel Benedict Arnold lead an invasion of Canada up the Kennebec River.

American Revolution Biographies - Biography of the American Revolution - Army Biographies - Revolutionary War Biographies - War of American Independence Biographies
Here you will find information about the American, French, and British commanders who guided forces during the American Revolution.

Battle of Rourkes Drift - The Battle of Rourke's Drift Zulu War
The Battle of Rourke's Drift was a famed engagement of the 1879 Anglo-Zulu War. In the wake of their victory at Isandlwana, over 4,000 Zulus attacked the British outpost of Rourke's Drift. With fewer than 150 men, the garrison held out until the Zulus retreated the next day.

Vietnam War: Battle of Khe Sanh
The Battle of Khe Sanh was fought during the first four months of 1968. Besieged during the Tet Offensive, the Marine base at Khe Sanh held out against heavy attacks by the North Vietnamese with the support of American air power. In April, Operation Pegasus was launched which ultimately relieved the garrison.

World War II - The Battle of the Bulge
The Battle of the Bulge was the result of a massive offensive launched by the Germans on December 16, 1944. A desperate attempt to defeat the Allies in the West, the Battle of the Bulge saw the Germans mass their remaining strength in an attempt to capture Antwerp. After initial success, the German offensive was stopped and defeated by Allied troops.

Gettysburg Monuments - Gettysburg Battlfield Monuments - Union
During the Battle of Gettysburg the Army of the Potomac consisted of troops from eighteen states as well as the regular US Army. While Pennsylvania and New York contributed the most, troops from as far west as Minnesota took part in the fighting. During the Battle of Gettysburg this force suffered 23,055 casualties.

Lieutenant Colonel George A. Custer Biography
George A. Custer first achieved fame as a cavalry commander during the Civil War. A reckless soldier, Custer was known for his personal bravery and willingness to attack the enemy. Following the war, he was assigned to the frontier and took part in the US' wars against the Plains Indians. George Custer was killed in 1876, after his men were overrun at the Battle of the Little Bighorn.

Brigadier General David McM. Gregg - American Civil War
Major General David McM. Gregg was a Union cavalry commander during the American Civil War who saw service in many of the campaigns in the Eastern Theater.

Pancho Villa: Mexican Revolutionary
Biography of Doroteo Arango Arámbula, a.k.a. Pancho Villa, a famed leader during the Mexican Revolution (1910-1921).

Major General Smedley Butler Biography
Smedley Butler was noted major general in the US Marine Corps during early 20tu century. A two-time Medal of Honor winner, Smedley Butler saw service in the Caribbean and during World War I. Smedley Butler proved a controversial figure and later served as Director of Public Safety in Philadlephia.

Edmund Allenby - World War I Edmund Allenby Biography
Edmund Allenby was a British field marshal during World War I. A veteran of the Boer War, Alleby held various commands on the Western Front before being dispatched to the Middle East. There Allenby led British forcs to numerous victories over the Turks and captured Jerusalem and Damascus.

Ferdinand Foch - World War I - French Army
Marshal Ferdinand Foch was a noted French commander during World War I. Playing a key role in the First Battle of the Marne, Ferdinand Foch later became supreme commander of Allied forces. In this role, Ferdinand Foch received the German request for an armistice.

Horatio Herbert Kitchener - World War 1 Field Marshal Horatio Herbert Kitchener
Field Marshal Horatio Herbert Kitchener was a distinguished officer in the British Army in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Having played a key role in the Sudan and the Boer War, Kitchener is best remembered for working to raise troops during World War I. Kitchener was killed in 1916, while en route to Russia on a diplomatic mission.

John Pershing - World War I - US Army - Black Jack
A pivotal leader of the US Army in the early 20th century, General John J. Pershing was the leader of US forces in Europe during World War I and was a mentor for many of the generals of World War II. In addition, John J. Pershing was the only leader to achieve the rank of General of the Armies.

Meuse-Argonne Offensive - World War I
Commencing on September 26, 1918, the Meuse-Argonne Offensive saw American forces attack the German lines with the goal of taking Sedan. Breaking through after a series of bloody assaults, American troops forced the Germans to withdraw. The Meuse-Argonne Offensive ended with the Germans agreeing to an armistice on November 11.

Baron Friedrich Von Steuben - Early Life & Career
Baron Friedrich von Steuben was a former Prussian staff officer who served with the Continental Army during the American Revolution. Baron von Steuben is best remembered for training the army at Valley Forge. He later served in the Southern campaigns and was at the Battle of Yorktown.

Revolutionary War: Major General Anthony Wayne
Major General Anthony Wayne was an American leader during the American Revolution. A bold field commander, Anthony Wayne saw service in many of the battles fought in the northeast. Returning to action in the 1790s, Anthony Wayne destroyed the Western Confederacy at the Battle of Fallen Timbers.

General George Washington - American Revolution Profile
George Washington served as commander of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War. A veteran of the French & Indian War, George Washington achieved mixed results in the field but became a powerful symbol of American resistance to Britain. George Washington later served as the first President of the United States.

Army Biographies of the 1800s - 19th Century Army Biographies - Army Biographies
The conflicts of the 1800s saw the emergence of some of the greatest military innovators in history. Here we examine those leaders who led their forces to victory in the 19th century.

John Wool - Major General - Mexican-American War - US Army
Major General John Wool was a central figure in the US Army during the 19th century. Entering service in 1812, John Wool took part in the War of 1812, Mexican-American War, and Civil War. The oldest general in the Civil War, John Wool retired in 1863 at age 79.

War of 1812: Major General Sir Isaac Brock
Major General Sir Isaac Brock was a key British officer during the early phases of the War of 1812. A career officer, Brock oversaw the defense Canada and succeeded in capturing Detriot in 1812. Later that year, Isaac Brock was killed during the Battle of Queenston Heights.

Thomas Macdonough - War of 1812 - Battle of Plattsburgh - US Navy
Captain Thomas MacDonough was US naval officer during the War of 1812. Entering the service in 1800, Thomas MacDonough saw action during the First Barbary War. Thomas MacDonough later earned fame for leading American force to victory over the British at the Battle of Plattsburgh on Lake Champlain in 1814.

War of 1812: Lieutenant General Sir George Prévost
Lieutenant General Sir George Prevost was a British commander who oversaw the defense of Canada during the War of 1812.

Banastre Tarleton (Bloody Ban) - American Revolution
One of the most vilified British commanders of the American Revolution, Banastre Tarleton was an able cavalryman who earned fame for his cruel and heartless tactics in the Southern theater of the war. In 1781, Banastre Tarleton was badly defeated at the Battle of Cowpens. Later serving in Parliament, Banastre Tarleton was known for his advocacy of the slave trade.

John Stark - Revolutionary War - General Stark - American Revolution
Major General John Stark was a notable commander during the American Revolution. A native of New Hampshire, John Stark fought in the French and Indian War before seeing action at Bunker Hill in 1775. John Stark later took part in the Battles of Trenton and Princeton as well as played a key role at the Battle of Bennington.

Brigadier General Francis Marion (The Swamp Fox)
American Revolution Brigadier General Francis Marion a.k.a.The Swamp Fox

A-6 Intruder - Grumman - US Navy - Vietnam War - Gulf War
The Grumman A-6 Intruder was a carrier-based attack aircraft developed for the US Navy in the early 1960s. Seeing service during the Vietnam War, the A-6 Intruder was known for its range and payload capability. The A-6 Intruder took part in the Gulf War in 1991 before being retired six years later.

Second Battle of Fort Fisher - Civil War Second Battle of Fort Fisher - David Porter
The Second Battle of Fort Fisher was fought on January 13-15, 1865, and saw Union forces finally capture Fort Fisher. Landing troops above Fort Fisher, Major General Alfred Terry, with naval support, succeeded in storming the fort. The capture of Fort Fisher closed Wilmington, NC, the last major Confederate seaport available to blockade runners.

Casimir Pulaski - Count Pulaski - American Revolution
Count Casimir Pulaski was a noted Polish cavalry commander who saw action during conflicts in Poland and later served in the American Revolution. Arriving in North America in 1777, Casimir Pulaski became known as the

Samuel Nicholas - US Marine Corps - American Revolution - Marines Birthday
Major Samuel Nicholas was the first commissioned officer in the history of the US Marine Corps. Samuel Nicholas entered the service in 1775 during the American Revolution. Seeing action during the conflict, Samuel Nicholas effectively served as the first commandant of the US Marine Corps.

Richard Montgomery - American Revolution General Richard Montgomery
Richard Montgomery was a career soldier who served as a major general during the American Revolution. After service in the French & Indian War with the British, Montgomery moved to America. Leading American forces at the Battle of Quebec, Montgomery was killed in the assault.

General Hugh Mercer - American Revolution General Hugh Mercer
Hugh Mercer was Scotsman who served as a surgeon in the Jacobite army at the Battle of Culloden and later as brigadier general in the Continental Army during the American Revolution. Fleeing to American after the collapse of the Forty-Five, he worked as a doctor and served as an officer in the French & Indian War. Joining American forces during the Revolution, Hugh Mercer served under Gen. George Washington until he was killed at the Battle of Princeton in early 1777.

American Revolution General Thomas Gage Biography
A veteran of the French & Indian War, General Thomas Gage commanded British forces in America during the opening days of the American Revolution. Appointed governor of Massachusetts in 1774, Gage's attempts to regain control of the colony led to the outbreak of fighting in April 1775. Later that year, Gage was recalled in favor of General William Howe.

Patrick Ferguson - American Revolution - King's Mountain - Major Patrick Ferguson
Major Patrick Ferguson was a British officer during the American Revolution. Known for inventing a breech-loading rifle, Patrick Ferguson saw action during the Philadelphia Campaign. Patrick Ferguson was killed leading British forces at the Battle of Kings Mountain in North Carolina.

American Revolution: Major General Henry Knox
Learn about Henry Know, who went from bookseller at the beginning of the American Revolution to serving as the United States' first secretary of war.

General Sir William Howe - American Revolution
General Sir William Howe was a key British commander during the American Revolution. Howe led took command of British forces in American in 1775 and conducted successful campaigns against New York and Philadelphia. Howe resigned in 1778 and returned to Britain.

Duke of Marlborough - John Churchill Duke of Marlborough
John Churchill, Duke of Marlborough was one of Britain's best field commanders in the late 17th and early 18th centuries. A gifted leader and diplomat, Churchill won stunning victories at Blenheim and Ramillies during the War of the Spanish Succession.

Apache Leader Geronimo: The Indian Wars
A famous Native American warrior, Geronimo battled both Mexican and American forces as a leader of the Chiricahua Apache. Operating in the American Southwest and Northern Mexico, Geronimo eluded capture from 1858 to 1886. On September 4, 1886, Geronimo finally surrendered to US forces under Gen. Nelson Miles.

Admiral Raymond Spruance - US Navy - World War II - Pacific Fleet
Admiral Raymond Spruance was a key American naval commander during World War II. Raymond Spruance led Allied forces to victory during the pivotal Battle of Midway in June 1942. As the war progressed, Raymond Spruance directed several successful campaigns against the Japanese and won the Battle of the Philippine Sea.

Duke of Cumberland - Prince William Augustus - Butcher Cumberland - The Forty-Five
Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland was the son of King George II and a well-know British commadner during the 18th century. The Duke of Cumberland saw service during the War of the Austrian Succession and led British forces at the Battle of Culloden. The Duke of Cumberland's career ended when he was defeated during the Seven Years' War.

Admiral Sir Bertram Ramsay - World War II Profile
Admiral Sir Bertram Ramsay was a British naval commander during World War II. Bertram Ramsay came to prominence for overseeing the Dunkirk Evacuation in 1940. In the years after, Bertram Ramsay played a key role in planning and executing amphibious operations in North Africa, Sicily, and Normandy.

Admiral John Duckworth - Admiral Sir John Duckworth
Admiral Sir John Duckworth was a notable British naval officer during the Napoleonic Wars. John Duckworth saw extensive service throughout the conflict and won a decisive victory at the Battle of Santo Domingo in 1806. Duckworth later served as governor of Newfoundland.

Captain William Bligh Mutiny on the Bounty
Vice Admiral William Bligh is best known for his role in the famed story of the mutiny on HMS Bounty. A skilled seaman, Bligh rose through the ranks of the Royal Navy and acted as sailing master for Captain James Cook on during the explorer's final voyage. Returning home, William Bligh served with distinction during the Napoleonic Wars and saw action at Copenhagen and Camperdown.

American Civil War: Major General J.E.B. Stuart
Major General J.E.B. Stuart was a Confederate cavalry commander during the Civil War. J.E.B. Stuart is best known as the flamboyant leader of the Army of Northern Virginia's cavalry corps. Stuart served with General Robert E. Lee's army until his death at the Battle of Yellow Tavern in 1864.

Marc Mitscher - World War II - Admiral - US Navy
Admiral Marc Mitscher was an American naval commander during World War II. A noted naval aviator, Marc Mitscher commanded several carriers and carrier groups during the conflict and took part in major battles such as Midway and the Philippine Sea. Leading the Fast Carrier Task Force late in the war, Marc Mitscher's aviators inflicted massive damage upon the Japanese.

Thomas C. Kinkaid - World War II - US Navy - Admiral
Admiral Thomas C. Kinkaid was an American naval commander during World War II. Serving in the Pacific, Thomas Kinkaid led naval forces at Coral Sea, Midway, and through the Solomon Islands Campaign. Thomas Kinkaid later played a key role during the Battle of Leyte Gulf.

World War II: Fleet Admiral William "Bull" Halsey
Admiral William

Admiral Frank Jack Fletcher - World War II - US Navy
Admiral Frank Jack Fletcher was key US Navy leader during the early years of World War II. A Medal of Honor winner and veteran of World War I, Frank Jack Fletcher led Allied forces at key engagements such as Coral Sea, Midway, and Guadalcanal. In November 1942, Frank Jack Fletcher took command of Allied forces in the northern Pacific, a post he held for the remainder of the war.

Karl Doenitz - Bio of World War II German Naval Commander
Karl Doenitz was a key German naval commander during World War II. Initially commanding the German U-boat fleet, Doenitz was given command of the entire Kriegsmarine in 1943. Following Hitler's death, he was appointed to lead the German government.

Andrew Cunningham - Admiral Andrew Cunningham - World War II - Royal Navy
Admiral Sir Andrew Cunningham was a key leader in the Royal Navy during World War II. Leading the Mediterranean Fleet, Andrew Cunningham won numerous victories over the Italian Navy. Made First Sea Lord in 1943, Andrew Cunningham oversaw the Royal Navy's operations for the remainder of the conflict.

Battle of Arkansas Post - Civil War Battle of Arkansas Post - John McClernand
The Battle of Arkansas Post was part of the Union campaign against Vicksburg. Fought January 9-11, 1863, the Battle of Arkansas Post saw Union troops overwhelm the garrison of Fort Hindman. Though a victory, the campaign against Arkansas Post was a distraction from the main effort against Vickburg.

Thomas McGuire - World War II Ace Thomas McGuire
Major Thomas McGuire was the second-highest scoring American ace of World War II. Flying in the South Pacific, Thomas McGuire favored the P-38 Lightning and amassed a total of 38 kills. He was shot down on January 7, 1945, during a fight over Negros Island.

Battle of New Orleans - History of the War of 1812
The Battle of New Orleans was fought between December 23, 1814 and January 8, 1815. Unaware that peace had been concluded at Ghent, British forces moved forward to capture New Orleans. In several battles around the city, American troops, under Major General Andrew Jackson succeeded in defending the city.

Naval Leaders Biographies
Here you will find information about naval leaders and pioneers from throughout military history. Read more about famous commanders such as Horatio Nelson and innovators like Andrew Higgins.

Naval Leaders of the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars
An overview of naval leaders from the French Revolutionary & Napoleonic Wars.

World War I - Battles - Western Front
A list of World War I battles fought on the Western Front.

World War II: Grumman F4F Wildcat
The Grumman F4F Wildcat entered service with the US Navy in late 1940. Flying from American aircraft carriers, the F4F Wildcat was the US Navy's principal fighter during the early years of World War II. While not as maneuverable as some Japanese fighters, the Wildcat was renowned for its durability.

Battle of Stones River - Civil War Battle of Stones River 1862 - Braxton Bragg - William Rosecrans
The Battle of Stones River was fought December 31, 1862 to January 2, 1863 near Murfreesboro, TN. The culmination of the Stones River Campaign, the battle saw Confederate troops repeatedly attack Maj. Gen. William Rosecran's Army of the Cumberland. Though pushed back, Union forces held, inflicting heavy casualties during the battle. Unable to win at Stones River and with Rosecrans receiving reinforcements, the Confederates withdrew.

Marshal Michel Ney - Napoleonic Wars Biography
Marshal Michel Ney was one of Napoleon's most trusted commanders and saw service throughout the Wars of the French Revolution and Napoleonic Wars. Enlisting in the army in 1787, Ney rose through the ranks and was commissioned five years later. Marshal Michel Ney fought at such key battles as Hohenlinden, Elchingen, Russia, Lutzen, and Waterloo.

Duke of Wellington - Arthur Wellesley - Napoleonic Wars
The Duke of Wellington was a key British commander during the Napoleonic Wars. Born Arthur Wellesley, the Duke of Wellington came to prominence for his campaigns during the Peninsular War in Spain. The Duke of Wellington is best remembered for his victory over Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815.

Battle of Quatre Bras - Napoleonic Wars
The Battle of Quatre Bras was fought June 16, 1815, during the Napoleonic Wars and was a precursor to the larger Battle of Waterloo.

Siege of Colchester - English Civil War
The Siege of Colchester took place in the summer of 1648 during the English Civil War and saw a Royalist force surrounded and starved into submission.

Winter at Valley Forge in the American Revolution
Valley Forge was the encampment for Gen. George Washington's Continental Army during the winter of 1777/78. Arriving at Valley Forge battered after several defeats, the Continental Army endured a winter of starvation and privation. During the encampment, it was drilled and trained by the Prussian Baron von Steuben.

The Falklands War
An overview of the 1982 Falklands War between Great Britain and Argentina. The Falklands War occurred after Argentine forces occupied the Falklands Islands in April 1982. Shortly thereafter a British naval task force succeeded in recapturing the Falklands and forcing the Argentine troops there to surrender.

Vietnam 101: Summary of the Vietnam War
Start here for information about the Vietnam War - a short, one page overview of the conflict.

World War II - US Navy Battle of Midway
The Battle of Midway in early June 1942, marked the turning point of World War II in the Pacific. Fighting to the west of Midway, the US Navy attacked and sunk four Japanese aircraft carriers while losing only one of its own.

D-Day: The Invasion of Normandy - World War II History
D-Day refers to the Invasion of Normandy which took place on June 6, 1944, during World War II. Landing on D-Day, Allied forces were preceded by airborne troops which dropped during the night. On D-Day, Allied forces gained a foothold in France from which they would advance to defeat Germany.

Tehran Conference - World War II Tehran Conference
The Tehran Conference was a meeting between Allied leaders to discuss strategy in 1943. Held November 28-December 1, the Tehran Conference saw the Allies fix the date of D-Day, agree on the formation of the United Nations, and tentatively agree on the borders of Poland. The Tehran Conference was the first meeting of the Big Three of Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin.

The American Civil War - A Short History
The Civil War was fought between 1861 and 1865, and was the bloodiest conflict in American history. Pitting North against South, the Civil War had lasting repucussions that are still felt today. This overview will provide a brief history of the Civil War.

American Revolution 101 - Revolutionary War
The American Revolution was fought between 1775 and 1783, and was the result of increasing colonial unhappiness with British rule. During the American Revolution, American forces were constantly hampered by a lack of resources, but managed to win critical victories which led to an alliance with France. Following the American victory at Yorktown, fighting effectively ended and the war was concluded with the Treaty of Paris in 1783.

American Civil War Colonel Robert Gould Shaw
A native of Boston, MA, Robert Gould Shaw was the son of wealthy abolitionists. Following the outbreak of the Civil War, Shaw joined the Union Army and saw service with the 2nd Massachusetts. In 1863, he was offered command of the 54th Massachuesetts, the first Union regiment composed entirely of black soldiers. Shaw was killed leading his regiment during the assault on Fort Wagner, outside Charleston, SC, on July 18, 1863.

World War II: Second Battle of El Alamein
The Second Battle of El Alamein was the turning point of the Western Desert Campaign during World War II. Fought in northwestern Egypt from October 23-November 5, 1942, Second El Alamein saw British forces under Lt. Gen. Bernard Montgomery attack and break through Axis positions. As a result, Field Marshal Erwin Rommel was forced to retreat across North Africa.

American Civil War: Joshua L. Chamberlain
One of the most famed Union commanders of the Civil War, Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain was a college professor turned army officer. A native of Maine, Chamberlain heroically defended Little Round Top during the Battle of Gettysburg and ultimately was chosen to receive the Confederate surrender at Appomattox.

Battle of Antietam - American Civil War
The Battle of Antietam was fought September 17, 1862, during Lee's Invasion of Maryland. Battling near Sharpsburg, MD and Antietam Creek, Maj. Gen. George McClellan won a strategic victory but failed to destroy the Confederate army. The Battle of Antietam provided Pres. Abraham Lincoln the opportunity to issue the Emancipation Proclamation.

Iraq War Military History - Battle of Fallujah
The Second Battle of Fallujah was fought in 2004. The process of clearing the city was slowed by booby-traps and improvised explosive devices.

Definition and Examples of Containment
Containment was a foreign policy strategy followed by the United States during the Cold War. Containment stated that communism needed to be contained, or it would spread to neighboring countries.

Battle of Agincourt - Hundred Years' War
The Battle of Agincourt was fought October 25, 1415, during the Hundred Years' War. In the resulting battle, Henry V won a decisive victory.

Inchon Invasion - Korean War Facts and Background
A decisive early battle of the Korean War, the Inchon invasion saw UN troops storm ashore deep behind North Korean lines.

Ottoman Empire Defeated at the Battle of Lepanto
The Battle of Lepanto was a key naval engagement during the Ottoman-Habsburg Wars. Meeting in the Gulf of Patras, the forces of the Holy League succeeded in defeating the Ottoman fleet and ending Turkish expansion in the Mediterranean.

The Battle of Atlanta in the Civil War- James McPherson
The Battle of Atlanta was fought July 22, 1864, during the Civil War. Hoping to turn the Union left flank outside Atlanta, Confederate forces attacked. In heavy fighting at the Battle of Atlanta, Union forces turned back this assault.

Overview of the American Civil War
The American Civil War was fought between 1861 and 1865, and was the bloodiest conflict in American history. Pitting North against South, the American Civil War had lasting repucussions that are still felt today. This overview will provide a brief history of the American Civil War.

World War II: The Liberty Ship Program
Liberty Ships were mass-produced cargo ships built during World War II to provide the Allies with much needed merchant tonnage. Designed to replace merchant ships lost to U-boat attacks, Liberty Ships were of a simple design that could be build quickly. Utilizing a variety of new and old technologies, Liberty Ships proved vital to the Allied war effort.

Overview of the Mexican American War
The Mexican-American War resulted the dramatic growth of the United States and laid the seeds for the American Civil War. Start here for information on the Mexican-American War - a short, one page overview of the conflict.

World War I: First Battle of the Marne
The First Battle of the Marne was fought September 6-12, 1914, during World War I. During the Battle of the Marne German forces drove into into northern France and Belgium before encountering Allied forces along the Marne. In the week-long Battle of the Marne, the Allies succeeded in halting the German advance.

Top Five Navy Admirals of World War II
World War II saw the rise of great admirals in each of the combatant nations. Here we profile five of the best admirals to command fleets during the conflict.

"The Great Escape" of World War II
The Great Escape took place March 24/5, 1944, and saw 76 Allied POWs escape from Stalag Luft III in Poland. Building a series of tunnels, POWs were able to create a passage under the camp's fence. Of the 76 who were part of the Great Escape only 3 reached freedom.

Blog


American Revolution: Battle of Cowpens (1781)
The Battle of Cowpens saw American troops rout the forces of the notorious Lt. Col. Banastre Tarleton. Fought on January 17, 1781, the Battle of Cowpens featured a double envelopment by Brig. Gen. Daniel Morgan's small army which crushed the British. A key victory in the southern campaign, Cowpens ended a string of British wins in the region.

World War II: The Lend-Lease Act of 1941
The Lend-Lease Act of 1941 was legislation that allowed the neutral United States to provide direct military aid to the Allies. The Lend-Lease act allowed the US to loan, lease, defense equipment for the duration of the war. Used extensively, it provided all typs of equipment from frontline weapons to vast numbers of trucks and railroad stock.