Military History Sitemap - Page 5 2015-07-28

B-52 Stratofortress - Strategic Air Command
First flying in 1952, the B-52 Stratofortress formed the backbone of the US Strategic Air Command for much of the Cold War. Designed for delivering nuclear weapons, the B-52 has dropped conventional munitions in support of American efforts during the Vietnam War, the 1991 Gulf War, and Operation Iraqi Freedom. The US Air Force plans to keep the B-52 Stratofortress in service until 2040.

Battle of Fort Donelson - American Civil War - Ulysses Grant
The Battle of Fort Donelson was fought on February 11-16, 1862, and was an early engagement of the American Civil War. A Confederate outpost on the Cumberland River, Fort Donelson was attacked by Union troops under Brigadier General Ulysses Grant. Surrounding Fort Donelson, Grant was able to compel the fort's unconditional surrender.

Battle of Monocacy - Civil War - Lew Wallace - Jubal Early
The Battle of Monocacy was fought July 9, 1864, during the American Civil War. Advancing from the Shenandoah Valley, Confederate forces moving to threaten Washington, DC encountered a Union blocking force at the Battle of Monocacy. Though overwhelmed at the Battle of Monocacy, the Union defenders stalled the enemy advance for a day allowing reinforcements to reach the capital.

Battle of Olustee - Civil War - Florida
The Battle of Olustee was fought February 20, 1864, during the American Civil War. Advancing from Jacksonville, FL, Brigadier General Truman Seymour engaged Confederate forces near Olustee. In the resulting Battle of Olustee his men were pushed back and forced to retreat back to Jacksonville.

World War I: Battle of Verdun
The Battle of Verdun was fought from February 21 to December 18, 1916, and was a key engagement of World War I. Attacking the French positions around Verdun, German troops initiated a grinding battle of attrition. By the time the Battle of Verdun ended, over 700,000 had been killed or wounded.

Bristoe Campaign - American Civil War
The Bristoe Campaign was fought from October 13 to November 7, 1863, during the American Civil War and saw the Army of the Potomac and Army of Northern Virginia conduct inconclusive operations in Virginia.

American Civil War: Major General James H. Wilson
Major General James H. Wilson was a Union engineer and cavalry officer during the American Civil War who proved a successful raider and who later took part in the Spanish-American War and Boxer Rebellion.

Battle of Nashville - Civil War Battle of Nashville
The Battle of Nashville was fought December 15-16, 1864, and saw Union forces crush the Confederate Army of Tennessee. Though defeated at Franklin, Gen. John B. Hood pushed on to Nashville where he met Union troops under Maj. Gen. George H. Thomas. Diligently preparing, Thomas opened the Battle of Nashville by attacking on December 15 and in two days of fighting shattered the Confederate army.

Battle of Franklin - Civil War Battle of Franklin - John Bell Hood
The Battle of Franklin saw the Confederate Army of Tennessee frontally assault two Union corps under Maj. Gen. John Schofield. Fought on November 30, 1864, the Battle of Franklin resulted in a bloody defeat for Hood. In the fighting at Franklin, six Confederate generals were killed or mortally wounded.

Introduction to the Second World War
The bloodiest conflict in history, World War II consumed the globe from 1939-1945. World War II was fought largely in Europe, the Pacific, and eastern Asia, and pitted the Axis powers of Germany, Italy, and Japan against the Allied nations of Great Britain, France, China, the United States, and Soviet Union. While the Axis enjoyed early success, they were gradually beaten back, with both Italy and Germany falling to Allied troops and Japan surrendering after the use of the atomic bomb.

The Korean War - Overview and Facts
The Korean War was fought between 1950 and 1953 between South Korea and United Nations forces and North Korea and China. The Korean War began when North Korea invaded its neighbor in June 1950. Over the next three years, the Korean War saw both sides fight up and down the peninsula until an armistice took effect in July 1953.

The War of 1812: An Overview
The War of 1812 was fought between the United States and Great Britain. Beginning in June 1812, the War of 1812 was the result of American anger over trade issues, impressment of sailors, and British support of Indian attacks on the frontier. Lasting two and half years, the War of 1812 saw American forces attempt to invade Canada while the British attacked American territory. Ended in early 1815, the war resulted in a return to status quo ante bellum.

Overview of the French and Indian War
The French and Indian War began in 1754 as the result of colonial fighting between Britian and France. By 1756 the conflict expanded into the Seven Years' War which saw fighting across Europe and around the globe. Ending in 1763, the war cost France its overseas colonies in North America.

The French Revolutionary & Napoleonic Wars
The Napoleonic Wars, and the French Revolutionary Wars before them, consumed Europe between 1792 and 1815. The Napoleonic Wars saw French forces battling various coalitions of European nations. Ending in 1815 with Napoleon's defeat at the Battle of Waterloo, the Napoleonic Wars saw the map of Europe forever changed.

USS Hornet - CV-12 - World War II - US Navy - Aircraft Carrier
USS Hornet (CV-12) was an Essex-class aircraft carrier that entered service in 1943. Serving in the Pacific during World War II, USS Hornet (CV-12) took part in several campaigns against the Japanese. USS Hornet (CV-12) later took part in the Vietnam War and helped recover spacecraft for NASA.

Battle of Jonesboro - Atlanta Campaign - Civil War - William Sherman
The Battle of Jonesboro (Jonesborough) was fought August 31-September 1, 1864, and was the final engagement of the Atlanta Campaign. Moving south of Atlanta, the Battle of Jonesboro began as Union forces sought to cut the railroads to the city. In two days of fighting, the Battle of Jonesboro resulted in a Union victory and forced the Confederates to abandon Atlanta.

Battle of Brice's Cross Roads - American Civil War - Nathan Bedford Forrest
The Battle of Brice's Cross Roads was fought June 10, 1864, during the American Civil War. Advancing into Mississippi, Union forces encountered Maj. Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest at Brice's Cross Roads. In the resulting Battle of Brice's Cross Roads, Forrest won a victory and captured a large number of prisoners.

Battle of Mansfield - Civil War - Red River Campaign - Richard Taylor
The Battle of Mansfield was fought on April 8, 1964, during the American Civil War. Part of the Red River Campaign, the Battle of Mansfield saw Union forces under Major General Nathaniel Banks engaged Confederate troops under Major General Richard Taylor. In the fighting at the Battle of Mansfield, Taylor forced Banks to retreat.

Morgan's Raid - Civil War - John Hunt Morgan
Morgan's Raid was conducted from June 11 to July 26, 1863, during the American Civil War. Riding north, Confederate forces under Brigadier General John Hunt Morgan raided north into Kentucky, Indiana, and Ohio. Morgan's Raid ended with his capture in eastern Ohio.

Battle of Glorieta Pass - Civil War Battle of Glorieta Pass
The Battle of Glorieta Pass was fought in New Mexico on March 26-28, 1862. Encountering each other in the vicinity of Glorieta Pass, small Union and Confederate armies clashed with the former winning a strategic victory. The Union win at Glorieta Pass ended Confederate incursions into the Southwest.

Battle of Belmont - Civil War - Ulysses Grant
The Battle of Belmont was fought November 7, 1861, during the American Civil War. Moving south to attack Columbus, KY, Brig. Gen. Ulysses Grant paused to destroy a Confederate camp at Belmont, MO. In the resulting Battle of Belmont his men took that camp but were forced to withdraw by Confederate reinforcements.

American Civil War - Battle of Fort Henry
The Battle of Fort Henry took place on February 6, 1862, and was an early Union victory. Moving against Fort Henry, Brig. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant landed troops on February 4-5 while the Western Flotilla approached up the Tennessee River. Partially flooded, Fort Henry surrendered after a brief naval battle on February 6.

Battle of Iuka - American Civil War - William Rosecrans - Sterling Price
The Battle of Iuka was fought September 19, 1862, during the American Civil War. Part of the Iuka-Corinth Campaign, the Battle of Iuka saw Maj. Gen. William Rosecrans engage Maj. Gen. Sterling Price. In the fighting at the Battle of Iuka, Rosecrans won a victory.

Battle of Chickasaw Bayou - Civil War- Vicksburg Campaign - William T. Sherman
The Battle of Chickasaw Bayou was fought December 26-29, 1862, during the the American Civil War. Moving up the Yazoo River in an effort to attack Vicksburg, MS, Major General William T. Sherman attacked Confederate forces at the Battle of Chicksaw Bayou. Mounting several frontal assaults on the enemy lines, Sherman lost the Battle of Chickasaw Bayou and withdrew.

Battle of Perryville - Civil War Battle of Perryville - Kentucky Campaign
The Battle of Perryville was the culmination of the 1862 Kentucky Campaign. Attacking north, Gen. Braxton Bragg engaged the Union Army of the Ohio at Perryville, KY on October 8, 1862. Fighting through the day, the Confederates won a tactical victory, but were ultimately forced to withdraw from Kentucky.

Battle of Fort Stedman - Battle of Petersburg - Civil War - Robert E. Lee
The Battle of Fort Stedman was fought March 25, 1865, during the American Civil War. One of the final actions of the Battle of Petersburg, the Battle of Fort Stedman saw Confederate forces attempt to break through the Union lines. After achieving some success, the Confederate attack at Fort Stedman was contained and they were thrown back by Union forces.

Battle of Piedmont - Civil War - David Hunter - Shenandoah Valley
The Battle of Piedmont was fought June 5, 1864, during the American Civil War. Advancing in the Shenandoah Valley, Major General David Hunter engaged Brigadier General William

Battle of Yellow Tavern - Civil War - J.E.B. Stuart - Overland Campaign
The Battle of Yellow Tavern was fought May 11, 1864, during the American Civil War. A cavalry engagement, the Battle of Yellow Tavern saw Maj. Gen. J.E.B. Stuart's men clash with Union forces under Maj. Gen. Philip Sheridan. In the fighting, Union forces triumphed and Stuart was mortally wounded.

Battle of Trevilian Station - Civil War - Overland Camapaign - Philip Sheridan
The Battle of Trevilian Station was fought June 11-12, 1864, during the American Civil War. A cavalry action, the Battle of Trevilian Station saw Maj. Gen. Philip Sheridan clash with Maj. Gen. Wade Hampton. In the fighting at the Battle of Trevilian Station, Hampton got the better of the engagement and compelled Sheridan to retire.

Second Battle of Kernstown - American Civil War 1864 Second Battle of Kernstown
Fought on July 24, 1864, the Second Battle of Kernstown saw Confederate Lt. Gen. Jubal A. Early take advantage of Union troop withdrawals in the Shenandoah Valley. Luring the smaller Union Army of the Kanawha into battle near Kernstown, Early was able to drive it from the field. The defeat at the Second Battle of Kernstown led to Maj. Gen. Philip Sheridan being sent to the Valley with reinforcements.

American Civil War: Battles of Fort Wagner
The Second Battle of Fort Wagner took place on July 18, 1863, during the American Civil War. Attacking Fort Wagner on Morris Island, SC, Union troops were led by the 54th Massachusetts, an unit of black troops. The Union assault on Fort Wagner was repulsed with heavy losses.

Battle of Brandy Station - Civil War Battle of Brandy Station
The Battle of Brandy Station was fought June 9, 1863, during the American Civil War. Surprising Confederate cavalry forces, Union cavalry led by Maj. Gen. Alfred Pleasonton attacked near Brandy Station, VA. Inconclusive, the Battle of Brandy Station was the largest cavalry battle fought on American soil.

Second Battle of Manassas - Civil War Second Battle of Manassas
The Second Battle of Manassas was fought August 28-30, 1862, on much of the same field as the previous battle the year before. Moving to attack Maj. Gen. Thomas

Battle of Savage's Station - Civil War - Seven Days' Battles - Peninsular Campaign
The Battle of Savage's Station was fought June 29, 1862, during the American Civil War. Retreating from Gaines' Mill, Union forces came under attack at the Battle of Savages' Station two days later. The Battle of Savage's Station was part of the Seven Days' Battles.

Battle of Beaver Dam Creek - Battle of Mechanicsville - Seven Days Battles
The Battle of Beaver Dam Creek (Mechanicsville) was fought June 26, 1862, during the American Civil War. The second of the Seven Days Battles, the Battle of Beaver Dam Creek saw Confederate forces mount a series of assaults against the Union V Corps. During the Battle of Beaver Dam Creek these were turned back with heavy losses.

Battle of Gaines' Mill - Civil War - Seven Days Battles - Peninsula Campaign
The Battle of Gaines' Mill was fought June 27, 1862, during the American Civil War. The third of the Seven Days Battles, the Battle of Gaines' Mill saw the Confederates launch a series of assaults on the Union lines. Though taking heavy losses, the Confederates ultimately won the Battle of Gaines' Mill and forced Union forces to pull back.

Battle of McDowell - American Civil War - Valley Campaign - Stonewell Jackson
The Battle of McDowell was fought May 8, 1862, during the Valley Campaign of 1862. Attacking Confederate forces, the Battle of McDowell saw Union troops strike Maj. Gen. Thomas

Battle of Malvern Hill - Civil War Battle of Malvern Hill
The Battle of Malvern Hill was fought July 1, 1862, during the Civil War. The final engagement of the Seven Days Battles, the Battle of Malvern Hill saw the Confederates launch a series of assaults against a strong Union position. In the fighting around Malvern Hill, the Union forces were able to hold and turn back the Confederates.

Battle of Ball's Bluff - Civil War Battle of Ball's Bluff
The Battle of Ball's Bluff was fought October 21, 1861, during the American Civil War. Landing up the Potomac from Washington, DC, Union forces were defeated and driven into the river. In the course of the Battle of Ball's Bluff, Senator Edward Baker was killed.

Battle of Big Bethel - Civil War - Benjamin Butler
The Battle of Big Bethel was fought June 10, 1861, during the American Civil War. One of the first engagements of the American Civil War, the Battle of Big Bethel saw Union forces attack Confederates on the Peninsula. At the Battle of Big Bethel, Union forces failed in their assaults and fell back.

Leaders and People of Note From World War II
World War II saw the rise of numerous leaders and standout soldiers. In the course of fighting several key individuals became known for their performance on the battlefield. Many of the leaders of World War II went on to assume key positions in the postwar world.

General James Longstreet - Confederate Generals - Civil War - Army of Northern Virginia
The Confederate Army employed hundreds of generals during the Civil War. This gallery provides an overview of several of the key Confederate generals who contributed to the Southern cause and helped guide its armies throughout the war. This photo shows Lieutenant General James Longstreet. Page 6.

President Jefferson Davis
President Jefferson Davis served as the Confederacy's only president and was in office for the entirety of the Civil War.

Lieutenant General Jubal A. Early
Lieutenant General Jubal A. Early was a Confederate commander during the Civil War who led troops in the Army of Northern Virginia and in the Shenandoah Valley.

General John B. Hood
General John B. Hood was a Confederate commander during the Civil War who rose to command the Army of Tennessee in 1864.

Major General John B. Gordon
Major General John B. Gordon was a noted Confederate commander who saw service in the East during the Civil War.

General Robert E. Lee
General Robert E. Lee was a famous Confederate commander during the Civil War who led the Army of Northern Virginia.

Lieutenant General Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson
Lieutenant General Thomas

Lieutenant General Richard Ewell
Lieutenant General Richard Ewell was a Confederate leader during the Civil War who led a corps in the Army of Northern Virginia.

Major General J.E.B. Stuart
Major General J.E.B. Stuart was Confederate leader during the Civil War who led the Army of Northern Virginia's cavalry.

General Joseph E. Johnston
General Joseph E. Johnston was a key Confederate commander during the Civil War who saw service in all parts of the Confederacy.

General Braxton Bragg
General Braxton Bragg was a Confederate commander who led the Army of Tennessee for most of the Civil War.

General Pierre G.T. Beauregard
General Pierre G.T. Beauregard was a Confederate commander who oversaw the attack on Fort Sumter and later saw service in several areas of the South.

Lieutenant General James Longstreet
Lieutenant General James Longstreet was a Confederate leader during the Civil War who led a corps in the Army of Northern Virginia.

Lieutenant General Ambrose P. Hill
Lieutenant General Ambrose P. Hill was a Confederate leader during the Civil War who led a corps in the Army of Northern Virginia.

Knoxville Campaign - American Civil War
The Knoxville Campaign took place in the late fall of 1863 and saw Confederate forces under Lt. Gen. James Longstreet attempt to dislodge Maj. Gen. Ambrose Burnside's men from Knoxville, TN.

Joseph Wheeler - Confederate General - Civil War
Major General Joseph Wheeler was a noted Confederate cavalry general during the Civil War. Serving in the western theater of the war, Joseph Wheeler took part in most of the major actions in that region. Returning to the US Army after the war, Joseph Wheeler later was a key commander during the Spanish-American War.

Civil War General Ambrose Burnside
A native of Rhode Island, Ambrose Burnside rose to the rank of major general during the American Civil War. Given command of the Army of the Potomac in late 1862, he was badly defeated at the Battle of Fredericksburg. Remaining in the army after his removal, Burnside resigned following being removed from corps command after the 1864 Battle of the Crater.

Braxton Bragg - American Civil War General Braxton Bragg
General Braxton Bragg was a principal Confederate commander in the West during the Civil War. Appointed to lead the Army of Tennessee in mid-1862, Bragg was a strict disciplinarian who had mixed results on the battlefield. Following his defeat at Chattanooga in late 1863, he was relieved.

World War II - Georgy Zhukov Biography
Marshal Georgy Zhukov rose from peasant roots to command Soviet forces during World War II. Under his leadership, Red Army troops successfully defended Moscow and won victories at Stalingrad and Berlin. After the war, Zhukov remained a prominent figure in the Soviet military and later served as defense minister.

World War II - Lieutenant Colonel Otto Skorzeny
Otto Skorzeny was a noted German commando leader during World War II. Otto Skorzeny conducted the rescue of Benito Mussolini in 1943 and later played a key role in the Battle of the Bulge. After the war, Otto Skorzeny worked with ODESSA and as a security consultant.

Von Rundstedt - Field Marshal Gerd von Rundstedt - World War II
Field Marshal Gerd von Rundstedt was a German commander who saw service on several fronts during World War II. After leading forces during the invasion of Poland and campaign in the West, Gerd von Rundstedt won key victories during Operation Barbarossa. Later in the war, Gerd von Rundstedt oversaw German forces in the West.

Altmark - World War II Altmark Incident - Kriegsmarine
The Altmark Incident occurred February 16, 1940, during the early months of World War II. Returning to Germany with British POWs, the German tanker Altmark was boarded in Norwegian waters by sailors from HMS Cossack. In the resulting Altmark Incident, the POWs were freed but the boarding led to the German invasion of Norway.

Spanish-American War USS Maine Explosion
Commissioned in 1895, USS Maine was an armored cruiser built for the US Navy. Sent to protect American interests in Havana, Cuba, USS Maine exploded on the night of February 15, 1898. The loss of USS Maine, coupled with tensions over Cuba, led the United States to declare war on Spain that April.

Battle of Cape St. Vincent - Horatio Nelson Battle of Cape St. Vincent
The Battle of Cape St. Vincent was fought on February 14, 1797, during the Wars of the French Revolution. Engaging off Cape St. Vincent, Portugal, a smaller British fleet under Adm. Sir John Jervis won a stunning victory over the Spanish. In the battle, Commodore Horatio Nelson played a key role in disrupting the Spanish line.

USS California - BB-44 - World War II
USS California (BB-44) was a Tennessee-class battleship that entered service in 1921. Present during the attack on Pearl Harbor, USS California was sunk at its moorings. Repaired and modernized, USS California later served in the Pacific campaigns of World War II.

USS Tennessee - BB-43 - World War II - Battleships
USS Tennessee (BB-43) was the lead ship of its class of battleships. Damaged at Pearl Harbor, USS Tennessee later saw extensive fighting during World War II.

Major General George Stoneman - American Civil War
Major General George Stoneman was a Union cavalry commander during the American Civil War who led several major raids and was captured in 1864.

World War II: Field Marshal Erwin Rommel Biography
Field Marshal Erwin Rommel was a noted German commander during World War II. Known as the

Army Biographies of the 1900s - 20th Century Army Biographies - Army Biographies
The conflicts of the 1900s have seen the emergence of some of the greatest military minds in history. Here we examine those leaders who led their forces to victory in the 20th century.

World War II: Field Marshal Sir Harold Alexander
Field Marshal Harold Alexander was a top British commander during World War II. A veteran of World War I, Harold Alexander led troops in France, Burma, North Africa, and Italy during World War II. For his efforts, Harold Alexander was elevated to the peerage as Earl Alexander of Tunis.

Chesty Puller - US Marine Corps - Lewis B. Puller
Chesty Puller was noted US Marine who saw service during World War II and the Korean War. During his career, Chesty Puller became one of the most decorated Marines in history. Seeing action at notable engagements such as Guadalcanal and Chosin Reservoir, Chesty Puller later retired as a lieutenant colonel.

General George Patton Biography - World War 2
General George Patton was a key American commander during World War II. A gifted athlete, George Patton saw service in World War I and helped pioneer mobile warfare. An outspoken leader, Patton proved gifted corps and army commander in North Africa and Europe.

World War II Leaders - Generals of World War II
A listing of commanders who led during World War II.

Audie Murphy Biography - World War II
Audie Murphy was the most decorated America soldier of World War II. Achieving the rank of first lieutenant, Audie Murphy received 33 decorations for his service in Europe. Audie Murphy won the Medal of Honor for his actions at Holtzwihr, France and later became a movie star.

General George Marshall - US Army Chief of Staff in WWII
General George Marshall saw service during both World War I and World War II. Becoming Army Chief of Staff on September 1, 1939, George Marshall coordinated American and Allied efforts during World War and was referred to the

Biography of General Douglas MacArthur - Early Years
General Douglas MacArthur was a noted American commander during the 20th century. Distinguishing himself during World War I, Douglas MacArthur served as Chief of the Staff of the US Army during the 1930s. Commanding Allied forces in the Southwest Pacific during World War II, he later led UN forces during the Korean War.

Gen. Douglas MacArthur - World War II Important Figures
General Douglas MacArthur was a noted American commander during the 20th century. Distinguishing himself during World War I, Douglas MacArthur served as Chief of the Staff of the US Army during the 1930s. Commanding Allied forces in the Southwest Pacific during World War II, he later led UN forces during the Korean War. Page 2.

Douglas MacArthur - Gen. Douglas MacArthur
General Douglas MacArthur was a noted American commander during the 20th century. Distinguishing himself during World War I, Douglas MacArthur served as Chief of the Staff of the US Army during the 1930s. Commanding Allied forces in the Southwest Pacific during World War II, he later led UN forces during the Korean War. Page 3.

Profile of World War II Colonel General Ludwig Beck
Colonel General Ludwig Beck was a German commander who served as chief of the general staff in the years before World War II. Ludwig Beck opposed Hitler's desire to go to war and resigned in August 1938. Continueing to oppose Hitler, Ludwig Beck was a player in the July 20 Plot.

World War II: General Omar Bradley, Biography
Key American field commander during World War II, seeing service in North Africa, rising to command the 12th Army Group in Western Europe after D-Day.

General Omar Bradley - World War II General Omar Bradley
General Omar Bradley was key American field commander during World War II. Seeing service in North Africa, Bradley rose to command the 12th Army Group in Western Europe after D-Day. Following World War II, Omar Bradley was named the first Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Page 2.

World War II: Colonel General Heinz Guderian
Heinz Guderian was a notable German commander during World War II. A pioneer of armored warfare, Heinz Guderian developed and advocated the theory of blitzkrieg. Heinz Guderian saw service against Poland, France, and on the Eastern Front before moving through several staff positions.

General Dwight D. Eisenhower World War II Military Profile
General Dwight D. Eisenhower led Allied forces in Europe during World War II. During the conflict, Dwight Eisenhower oversaw operations ranging from the landings in North Africa to D-Day and the Battle of the Bulge. Dwight Eisenhower later served as US Army Chief of Staff and was elected President of the United States in 1952.

James Gavin - General James Gavin - World War II - Jumping General
Lt. Gen. James Gavin was a noted American airborne commander during World War II. Serving in, then leading the 82nd Airborne Division, Gavin took part in all of the division's major actions during the war. Gavin routinely took part in combat jumps with his men and earned the nickname

American Civil War: Major General Joseph Hooker
Major General Joseph Hooker was a Union general during the Civil War. Rising to command the Army of the Potomac, he was badly defeated at the Battle of Chancellorsville. Transferred to the Western Theater, Hooker performed well as a corps commander during the fighting around Chattanooga and during the Atlanta Campaign.

Major General Gideon J. Pillow - American Civil War
Major General Gideon J. Pillow was a veteran of the Mexican-American War who later served in the Confederate Army and saw action in several early engagements in the Western Theater.

TBD Devastator - Douglas TBD Devastator
The Douglas TBD Devastator was a torpedo bomber used by the US Navy during the early days of World War II. The TBD Devastator was in service at the start of the war and took part in the Battles of the Coral Sea and Midway before being replaced by the TBF Avenger.

Battle of Dogger Bank - World War I - Royal Navy - High Seas Fleet
The Battle of Dogger Bank was fought January 24, 1915, during World War I. The Battle of Dogger Bank saw British battlecruisers intercept their German counterparts in the North Sea. In the Battle of Dogger Bank, the Germans lost an armored cruiser while a British battlecruiser was severely damaged.

Military Aircraft
Land here to explore the wide variety of aircraft that have been used by the world's armed forces. From the Sopwith Camel to the F-14, this is your place for information about the planes that have dominated the skies.

Vietnam War - Brigadier General Robin Olds
Brigadier General Robin Olds was a noted American flying ace during World War II and the Vietnam War. Robin Olds was credited with twelve kills over Europe and four over Vietnam. Commanding the 8th Tactical Fighter Wing in Thailand, Robin Olds became known for his trademark mustache.

Jubal Early - Confederate General - Civil War
Lieutenant General Jubal Early was a Confederate commander during the Civil War. Serving largely with the Army of Northern Virginia, Jubal Early took part in most of its major battles. In 1864, Jubal Early led Confederate forces in the Shenandoah Valley and threatened Washington, DC until being badly defeated by Major General Philip Sheridan.

Horatio Wright - American Civil War - Major General
Major General Horatio Wright was a Union commander during the American Civil War. Born in Connecticut, Horatio Wright graduated from West Point and ascended to lead the Union VI Corps. After the war, Horatio Wright later served as Chief of the Corps of Engineers.

Major General George Crook - Civil War & Indian Wars
Major General George Crook was a noted Union commander during the American Civil War and the Indian Wars.

Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant
Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant was a key Union commander during the Civil War who ultimately came to oversee all Union armies.

Major General William S. Rosecrans
Major General William S. Rosecrans led the Army of the Cumberland during the Civil War and was later defeated at the Battle of Chickamauga.

Major General William T. Sherman
Major General William T. Sherman was a Union commander during the Civil War who oversaw the campaign against Atlanta and then the advance to the sea.

Major General George H. Thomas
Major General George H. Thomas was a Union commander that earned fame at the Battle of Chickamauga and later led the Army of the Cumberland.

Major General Philip H. Sheridan
Major General Philip H. Sheridan was a Union commander during the Civil War who later led the Army of the Potomac's cavalry.

Major General Don Carlos Buell
Major General Don Carlos Buell was a Union leader who fought at Shiloh and led troops at the Battle of Perryville.

Major General Winfield S. Hancock
Major General Winfield S. Hancock was a Union corps commander during the Civil War who saw extensive service in the East.

Major General Ambrose Burnside
Major General Ambrose Burnside was Union general during the Civil War who led troops in North Carolina, the Battle of Fredericksburg, and later during the Overland Campaign

Major General Joseph Hooker
Major General Joseph Hooker was a Union general during the Civil War who saw service in the East, was defeated at the Battle of Chancellorsville, and led XX Corps in the West.

Major General George G. Meade
Major General George G. Meade was Union general during the Civil War who saw service in the East and led the Army of the Potomac at the Battle of Gettysburg.

Major General Henry W. Halleck
Major General Henry W. Halleck was the Union general-in-chief during the Civil War.

Major General John Pope
Major General John Pope was a Union general during the Civil War who saw service in the West before being defeated at the Second Battle of Manassas.

Major General Irvin McDowell
Major General Irvin McDowell was Union general during the American Civil War and was defeated at the First Battle of Bull Run

Major General George B. McClellan
Major General George B. McClellan was a Union general who led troops during the Peninsula Campaign and the Battle of Antietam.

President Abraham Lincoln
President Abraham Lincoln led the United States during the American Civil War.

US Navy: South Dakota-class (BB-49 to BB-54)
The South Dakota-class of battleship (BB-49 to BB-54) was a type of battleship designed for the US Navy. Commencing construction in 1920 and 1921, the ships of the South Dakota-class were cancelled following the ratification of the Washington Naval Treaty.

USS Mississippi - BB-41 - World War II
USS Mississippi (BB-41) was New Mexico-class battleship that entered service in 1917. Modernized between the wars, USS Mississippi saw service during World War II. After taking part in the fighting in the Pacific, USS Mississippi remained in use until 1956.

USS Idaho - BB-42 - World War II - Battleships
USS Idaho (BB-42) was a New Mexico-class battleship that entered service in 1919. Modernized in the 1930s, USS Idaho saw extensive during World War II.

World War II: Battleship USS Missouri (BB-63)
USS Missouri was an Iowa-class battleship that was launched during World War II. The last battleship built for the US Navy, USS Missoui saw action in the Pacific and was the site of the formal surrender of Japan. After the conflict, USS Missouri saw service in the Korean War and, after a major refit, the 1991 Gulf War.

USS Arizona - World War II - Battleship - USS Arizona Pearl Harbor
USS Arizona was a Pennsylvania-class battleship commissioned in 1916. USS Arizona served in a variety of peacetime roles during the interwar years and was at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. During the Japanese attack, USS Arizona was struck by a bomb detonating its forward magazine and destroying the ship.

USS Nevada - BB-36 - Battleships - World War II
USS Nevada (BB-36) was a US Navy battleship that entered service in 1916. During its career, USS Nevada (BB-36) saw service during both World War I and World War II. After World War II, USS Nevada (BB-36) was used during the atomic testing at Bikini Atoll.

USS Arkansas - BB-33 - World War I - World War II
USS Arkansas (BB-33) was a Wyoming-class battleship that entered service in 1912. During World War I, USS Arkansas operated with the British Grand Fleet and was later modernized. Retained, USS Arkansas saw extensive use in European waters during World War II.

USS Utah - BB-31 - World War I - Attack on Pearl Harbor
USS Utah (BB-31) was a Florida-class battleship that joined the fleet in 1911. Serving abroad in World War I, USS Utah remained active until 1931. Converted to a target ship, USS Utah continued in service until being sunk during the attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.

Second Battle of Newbury - English Civil War
The Second Battle of Newbury was fought October 27, 1644, during the English Civil War and saw Parliament win a tactical victory over the Royalists.

USS New Hampshire - BB-25 - US Navy - Battleships - Connecticut-class
USS New Hampshire was a Connecticut-class battleship that saw service with the US Navy. Commissioned in 1908, USS New Hampshire saw service in the Atlantic and Caribbean. USS New Hampshire remained in use through World War I and was later decommissioned in 1921.

USS Idaho - BB-24 - US Navy - Battleships - Lemnos
USS Idaho (BB-24) was a Mississippi-class battleship that saw service with the US Navy. Entering service in 1908, USS Idaho saw routine peacetime service over the next six years. In 1914, USS Idaho was sold to Greece and renamed Lemnos.

USS Mississippi - BB-23 - US Navy - Battleships
USS Mississippi (BB-23) was commissioned in 1908 and saw service with the US Navy. The lead ship of its class, USS Mississippi and its sister ship were smaller than the classes that came before. In 1914, USS Mississippi was sold to Greece and renamed Kilkis.

USS Minnesota - BB-22 - Great White Fleet - US Navy - Battleships
USS Minnesota (BB-22) was a Connecticut-class battleship that began service with the US Navy in 1907. Sailing with the Great White Fleet, USS Minnesota circumnavigated the globe in a demonstration of American power. Taking part in World War I, USS Minnesota remained in service until 1921.

USS Kansas - Great White Fleet - BB-21 - US Navy - Battleships
USS Kansas (BB-21) was a Connecticut-class battleship that entered service in 1907. Sailing with the Great White Fleet, USS Kansas circled the world between 1907 and 1909. Remaining in service until 1921, USS Kansas was later sold for scrap.

USS Georgia - BB-15 - Great White Fleet - US Navy - Battleships
USS Georgia (BB-15) was a Virginia-class battleship that entered service with the US Navy in 1906. In 1907, USS Georgia sailed with the Great White Fleet and circled the globe and visited South America and the Far East. USS Georgia remained in service until 1920.

USS Nebraska - BB-14 - Great White Fleet - Virginia-Class - Battleships - US Navy
USS Nebraska (BB-14) was a Virginia-class battleship that saw service with the US Navy. Commissioned in 1907, USS Nebraska took part in the cruise of the Great White Fleet and visited ports in the Pacific and Europe. USS Nebraska later served during World War I before being sold for scrap in 1923.

USS Virginia - BB-13 - Great White Fleet - World War I
USS Virginia (BB-13) was the lead ship of its class of battleships and entered service in 1906. The following year, USS Virginia sailed as part of the Great White Fleet. Remaining in use through World War I, USS Virginia was sunk as a target in 1923.

USS Missouri - BB-11 - Great White Fleet - Battleships - US Navy
USS Missouri (BB-11) was a Maine-class battleship that entered service in 1903. Sailing with the Great White Fleet, USS Missouri steamed around the world in 1907-1909. Used for training during World War I, USS Missouri was sold for scrap in 1922.

USS Ohio - BB-12 - Great White Fleet - US Navy - Battleships
USS Ohio (BB-12) was an American battleship that entered service in 1904. Sailing with the Great White Fleet from 1907 to 1909, USS Ohio circumnavigated the globe and made port calls around the world. Retired from service in 1922, USS Ohio was later sold for scrap.

USS Maine - BB-10 - Great White Fleet - US Navy - Battleships
USS Maine (BB-10) was an American battleship which entered service in 1902. The lead ship of its class, USS Maine took part in the first leg of the cruise of the Great White Fleet. Remaining in service through World War I, USS Maine was scrapped following the Washington Naval Treaty.

USS Iowa - BB-4 - Spanish-American War - Battleships
USS Iowa (BB-4) was a battleship that saw service with the US Navy. Commissioned in 1897, USS Iowa was the service's first sea-going battleship and saw action during the Spanish-American War. USS Iowa was later sunk as a target in 1923.

USS Kearsarge - BB-5 - US Navy - Great White Fleet
USS Kearsarge (BB-5) was the lead ship of the US Nayv's Kearsarge-class battleships. Entering service in 1900, USS Kearsarge sailed around the world with the Great White Fleet. Later converted to a crane ship, USS Kearsarge remained in service until 1955.

USS Oregon - BB-3 - US Navy - Spanish-American War
USS Oregon (BB-3) was an Indiana-class battleship that saw service during with the US Navy. In 1898, USS Oregon famously rounded South America to join the US fleet off Cuba during the Spanish-American War. USS Oregon saw later service in the Pacific and was later sold for scrap in 1956.

USS Massachusetts - BB-2 - Spanish-American War - US Navy - Battleships
USS Massachusetts (BB-2) was an Indiana-class battleship that saw service with the US Navy. Entering service in 1896, USS Massachusetts (BB-2) took part in the Spanish-American War. USS Massachusetts operated as a training ship during World War I and later was scuttled off Pensacola, FL.

USS Maine (ACR-1) - Spanish-American War
USS Maine (ACR-1) was an early US Navy battleship/armored cruiser that entered service in 1895. While in Havana in 1898, USS Maine exploded and helped cause the Spanish-American War.

USS Texas (1892) - Spanish-American War Battleship
USS Texas (1892) was the US Navy's first modern battleship and entered service in 1895. USS Texas (1892) later saw service in the Spanish-American War.

USS Indiana - BB-1 - Spanish-American War - Battleship - US Navy
USS Indiana (BB-1) was the first modern battleship built by the US Navy. Launched in 1893, USS Indiana (BB-1) saw action during the Spanish-American War and took part in the Battle of Santiago de Cuba. USS Indiana (BB-1) later saw service during World War I as training ship.

USS Oriskany - CV-34 - US Navy - Aircraft Carrier
USS Oriskany (CV-34) was a aircraft carrier that saw service with the US Navy from 1950 to 1976. Laid down during World War II, USS Oriskany was completed after the conflict and later saw service during the Korean and Vietnam Wars. In 2006, USS Oriskany was sunk in the Gulf of Mexico as an artificial reef.

USS Hornet - CV-8 - Aircraft Carrier - World War II
USS Hornet (CV-8) was an American aircraft carrier during World War II. USS Hornet gained famed for its role in the April 1942 Doolittle Raid. Taking part in the Battle of Santa Cruz that October, USS Hornet was lost in action.

USS Ranger - CV-4 - World War II - Aircraft Carrier
USS Ranger (CV-4) was a US Navy aircraft carrier that saw service during World War II. The US Navy's first purpose-built aircraft carrier, USS Ranger saw extensive service in the Atlantic as the war raged. Smaller and slower than its newer compatriots, USS Ranger finished the war as a training carrier.

USS Langley - The US Navy's First Aircraft Carrier
USS Langley was the first aircraft carrier to see service with the US Navy. Converted from a collier in 1922, Langley conducted a wide variety of aviation testing and sailed with both the Atlantic and Pacific fleets. Modified into a seaplane tender in 1936, Langley was sunk by the Japanese in 1942.

USS Yorktown - CV-5 - World War II - Battle of Midway
USS Yorktown (CV-5) was an American aircraft carrier during World War II. Launched in 1937, USS Yorktown took part in the Battle of the Coral Sea. USS Yorktown was lost following the Battle of Midway a month later.

Battle of Red Bank - American Revolution - Philadelphia Campaign - Carl von Donop
The Battle of Red Bank was fought October 22, 1777, during the American Revolution. Having captured Philadelphia, Gen. Sir William Howe dispatched Hessian forces to capture Fort Mercer on the Delaware River. Attacking at the Battle of Red Bank, the Hessians were repulsed with heavy losses.

Arnold Expedition - American Revolution
The Arnold Expedition took place in September to November 1775 and saw Colonel Benedict Arnold lead an invasion of Canada up the Kennebec River.

American Revolution Biographies - Biography of the American Revolution - Army Biographies - Revolutionary War Biographies - War of American Independence Biographies
Here you will find information about the American, French, and British commanders who guided forces during the American Revolution.

Battle of Rourkes Drift - The Battle of Rourke's Drift Zulu War
The Battle of Rourke's Drift was a famed engagement of the 1879 Anglo-Zulu War. In the wake of their victory at Isandlwana, over 4,000 Zulus attacked the British outpost of Rourke's Drift. With fewer than 150 men, the garrison held out until the Zulus retreated the next day.

Vietnam War: Battle of Khe Sanh
The Battle of Khe Sanh was fought during the first four months of 1968. Besieged during the Tet Offensive, the Marine base at Khe Sanh held out against heavy attacks by the North Vietnamese with the support of American air power. In April, Operation Pegasus was launched which ultimately relieved the garrison.

World War II - The Battle of the Bulge
The Battle of the Bulge was the result of a massive offensive launched by the Germans on December 16, 1944. A desperate attempt to defeat the Allies in the West, the Battle of the Bulge saw the Germans mass their remaining strength in an attempt to capture Antwerp. After initial success, the German offensive was stopped and defeated by Allied troops.

Gettysburg Monuments - Gettysburg Battlfield Monuments - Union
During the Battle of Gettysburg the Army of the Potomac consisted of troops from eighteen states as well as the regular US Army. While Pennsylvania and New York contributed the most, troops from as far west as Minnesota took part in the fighting. During the Battle of Gettysburg this force suffered 23,055 casualties.

Lieutenant Colonel George A. Custer Biography
George A. Custer first achieved fame as a cavalry commander during the Civil War. A reckless soldier, Custer was known for his personal bravery and willingness to attack the enemy. Following the war, he was assigned to the frontier and took part in the US' wars against the Plains Indians. George Custer was killed in 1876, after his men were overrun at the Battle of the Little Bighorn.

Brigadier General David McM. Gregg - American Civil War
Major General David McM. Gregg was a Union cavalry commander during the American Civil War who saw service in many of the campaigns in the Eastern Theater.

Pancho Villa: Mexican Revolutionary
Biography of Doroteo Arango Arámbula, a.k.a. Pancho Villa, a famed leader during the Mexican Revolution (1910-1921).

Major General Smedley Butler Biography
Smedley Butler was noted major general in the US Marine Corps during early 20tu century. A two-time Medal of Honor winner, Smedley Butler saw service in the Caribbean and during World War I. Smedley Butler proved a controversial figure and later served as Director of Public Safety in Philadlephia.

Edmund Allenby - World War I Edmund Allenby Biography
Edmund Allenby was a British field marshal during World War I. A veteran of the Boer War, Alleby held various commands on the Western Front before being dispatched to the Middle East. There Allenby led British forcs to numerous victories over the Turks and captured Jerusalem and Damascus.

Ferdinand Foch - World War I - French Army
Marshal Ferdinand Foch was a noted French commander during World War I. Playing a key role in the First Battle of the Marne, Ferdinand Foch later became supreme commander of Allied forces. In this role, Ferdinand Foch received the German request for an armistice.

Horatio Herbert Kitchener - World War 1 Field Marshal Horatio Herbert Kitchener
Field Marshal Horatio Herbert Kitchener was a distinguished officer in the British Army in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Having played a key role in the Sudan and the Boer War, Kitchener is best remembered for working to raise troops during World War I. Kitchener was killed in 1916, while en route to Russia on a diplomatic mission.

John Pershing - World War I - US Army - Black Jack
A pivotal leader of the US Army in the early 20th century, General John J. Pershing was the leader of US forces in Europe during World War I and was a mentor for many of the generals of World War II. In addition, John J. Pershing was the only leader to achieve the rank of General of the Armies.

Meuse-Argonne Offensive - World War I
Commencing on September 26, 1918, the Meuse-Argonne Offensive saw American forces attack the German lines with the goal of taking Sedan. Breaking through after a series of bloody assaults, American troops forced the Germans to withdraw. The Meuse-Argonne Offensive ended with the Germans agreeing to an armistice on November 11.

Baron Friedrich Von Steuben - Early Life & Career
Baron Friedrich von Steuben was a former Prussian staff officer who served with the Continental Army during the American Revolution. Baron von Steuben is best remembered for training the army at Valley Forge. He later served in the Southern campaigns and was at the Battle of Yorktown.

Revolutionary War: Major General Anthony Wayne
Major General Anthony Wayne was an American leader during the American Revolution. A bold field commander, Anthony Wayne saw service in many of the battles fought in the northeast. Returning to action in the 1790s, Anthony Wayne destroyed the Western Confederacy at the Battle of Fallen Timbers.

General George Washington - American Revolution Profile
George Washington served as commander of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War. A veteran of the French & Indian War, George Washington achieved mixed results in the field but became a powerful symbol of American resistance to Britain. George Washington later served as the first President of the United States.

Army Biographies of the 1800s - 19th Century Army Biographies - Army Biographies
The conflicts of the 1800s saw the emergence of some of the greatest military innovators in history. Here we examine those leaders who led their forces to victory in the 19th century.

War of 1812: Major General Sir Isaac Brock
Major General Sir Isaac Brock was a key British officer during the early phases of the War of 1812. A career officer, Brock oversaw the defense Canada and succeeded in capturing Detriot in 1812. Later that year, Isaac Brock was killed during the Battle of Queenston Heights.

Thomas Macdonough - War of 1812 - Battle of Plattsburgh - US Navy
Captain Thomas MacDonough was US naval officer during the War of 1812. Entering the service in 1800, Thomas MacDonough saw action during the First Barbary War. Thomas MacDonough later earned fame for leading American force to victory over the British at the Battle of Plattsburgh on Lake Champlain in 1814.

War of 1812: Lieutenant General Sir George Prévost
Lieutenant General Sir George Prevost was a British commander who oversaw the defense of Canada during the War of 1812.

Banastre Tarleton (Bloody Ban) - American Revolution
One of the most vilified British commanders of the American Revolution, Banastre Tarleton was an able cavalryman who earned fame for his cruel and heartless tactics in the Southern theater of the war. In 1781, Banastre Tarleton was badly defeated at the Battle of Cowpens. Later serving in Parliament, Banastre Tarleton was known for his advocacy of the slave trade.

John Stark - Revolutionary War - General Stark - American Revolution
Major General John Stark was a notable commander during the American Revolution. A native of New Hampshire, John Stark fought in the French and Indian War before seeing action at Bunker Hill in 1775. John Stark later took part in the Battles of Trenton and Princeton as well as played a key role at the Battle of Bennington.

Brigadier General Francis Marion (The Swamp Fox)
American Revolution Brigadier General Francis Marion a.k.a.The Swamp Fox

Second Battle of Fort Fisher - Civil War Second Battle of Fort Fisher - David Porter
The Second Battle of Fort Fisher was fought on January 13-15, 1865, and saw Union forces finally capture Fort Fisher. Landing troops above Fort Fisher, Major General Alfred Terry, with naval support, succeeded in storming the fort. The capture of Fort Fisher closed Wilmington, NC, the last major Confederate seaport available to blockade runners.

Casimir Pulaski - Count Pulaski - American Revolution
Count Casimir Pulaski was a noted Polish cavalry commander who saw action during conflicts in Poland and later served in the American Revolution. Arriving in North America in 1777, Casimir Pulaski became known as the

Samuel Nicholas - US Marine Corps - American Revolution - Marines Birthday
Major Samuel Nicholas was the first commissioned officer in the history of the US Marine Corps. Samuel Nicholas entered the service in 1775 during the American Revolution. Seeing action during the conflict, Samuel Nicholas effectively served as the first commandant of the US Marine Corps.

Richard Montgomery - American Revolution General Richard Montgomery
Richard Montgomery was a career soldier who served as a major general during the American Revolution. After service in the French & Indian War with the British, Montgomery moved to America. Leading American forces at the Battle of Quebec, Montgomery was killed in the assault.

General Hugh Mercer - American Revolution General Hugh Mercer
Hugh Mercer was Scotsman who served as a surgeon in the Jacobite army at the Battle of Culloden and later as brigadier general in the Continental Army during the American Revolution. Fleeing to American after the collapse of the Forty-Five, he worked as a doctor and served as an officer in the French & Indian War. Joining American forces during the Revolution, Hugh Mercer served under Gen. George Washington until he was killed at the Battle of Princeton in early 1777.

American Revolution General Thomas Gage Biography
A veteran of the French & Indian War, General Thomas Gage commanded British forces in America during the opening days of the American Revolution. Appointed governor of Massachusetts in 1774, Gage's attempts to regain control of the colony led to the outbreak of fighting in April 1775. Later that year, Gage was recalled in favor of General William Howe.

American Revolution: Major General Henry Knox
Learn about Henry Know, who went from bookseller at the beginning of the American Revolution to serving as the United States' first secretary of war.

General Sir William Howe - American Revolution
General Sir William Howe was a key British commander during the American Revolution. Howe led took command of British forces in American in 1775 and conducted successful campaigns against New York and Philadelphia. Howe resigned in 1778 and returned to Britain.

Duke of Marlborough - John Churchill Duke of Marlborough
John Churchill, Duke of Marlborough was one of Britain's best field commanders in the late 17th and early 18th centuries. A gifted leader and diplomat, Churchill won stunning victories at Blenheim and Ramillies during the War of the Spanish Succession.

Apache Leader Geronimo: The Indian Wars
A famous Native American warrior, Geronimo battled both Mexican and American forces as a leader of the Chiricahua Apache. Operating in the American Southwest and Northern Mexico, Geronimo eluded capture from 1858 to 1886. On September 4, 1886, Geronimo finally surrendered to US forces under Gen. Nelson Miles.

Duke of Cumberland - Prince William Augustus - Butcher Cumberland - The Forty-Five
Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland was the son of King George II and a well-know British commadner during the 18th century. The Duke of Cumberland saw service during the War of the Austrian Succession and led British forces at the Battle of Culloden. The Duke of Cumberland's career ended when he was defeated during the Seven Years' War.

Admiral John Duckworth - Admiral Sir John Duckworth
Admiral Sir John Duckworth was a notable British naval officer during the Napoleonic Wars. John Duckworth saw extensive service throughout the conflict and won a decisive victory at the Battle of Santo Domingo in 1806. Duckworth later served as governor of Newfoundland.

Captain William Bligh Mutiny on the Bounty
Vice Admiral William Bligh is best known for his role in the famed story of the mutiny on HMS Bounty. A skilled seaman, Bligh rose through the ranks of the Royal Navy and acted as sailing master for Captain James Cook on during the explorer's final voyage. Returning home, William Bligh served with distinction during the Napoleonic Wars and saw action at Copenhagen and Camperdown.

American Civil War: Major General J.E.B. Stuart
Major General J.E.B. Stuart was a Confederate cavalry commander during the Civil War. J.E.B. Stuart is best known as the flamboyant leader of the Army of Northern Virginia's cavalry corps. Stuart served with General Robert E. Lee's army until his death at the Battle of Yellow Tavern in 1864.

Thomas C. Kinkaid - World War II - US Navy - Admiral
Admiral Thomas C. Kinkaid was an American naval commander during World War II. Serving in the Pacific, Thomas Kinkaid led naval forces at Coral Sea, Midway, and through the Solomon Islands Campaign. Thomas Kinkaid later played a key role during the Battle of Leyte Gulf.

World War II: Fleet Admiral William "Bull" Halsey
Admiral William

Admiral Frank Jack Fletcher - World War II - US Navy
Admiral Frank Jack Fletcher was key US Navy leader during the early years of World War II. A Medal of Honor winner and veteran of World War I, Frank Jack Fletcher led Allied forces at key engagements such as Coral Sea, Midway, and Guadalcanal. In November 1942, Frank Jack Fletcher took command of Allied forces in the northern Pacific, a post he held for the remainder of the war.

Karl Doenitz - Bio of World War II German Naval Commander
Karl Doenitz was a key German naval commander during World War II. Initially commanding the German U-boat fleet, Doenitz was given command of the entire Kriegsmarine in 1943. Following Hitler's death, he was appointed to lead the German government.

Andrew Cunningham - Admiral Andrew Cunningham - World War II - Royal Navy
Admiral Sir Andrew Cunningham was a key leader in the Royal Navy during World War II. Leading the Mediterranean Fleet, Andrew Cunningham won numerous victories over the Italian Navy. Made First Sea Lord in 1943, Andrew Cunningham oversaw the Royal Navy's operations for the remainder of the conflict.

Battle of Arkansas Post - Civil War Battle of Arkansas Post - John McClernand
The Battle of Arkansas Post was part of the Union campaign against Vicksburg. Fought January 9-11, 1863, the Battle of Arkansas Post saw Union troops overwhelm the garrison of Fort Hindman. Though a victory, the campaign against Arkansas Post was a distraction from the main effort against Vickburg.

Thomas McGuire - World War II Ace Thomas McGuire
Major Thomas McGuire was the second-highest scoring American ace of World War II. Flying in the South Pacific, Thomas McGuire favored the P-38 Lightning and amassed a total of 38 kills. He was shot down on January 7, 1945, during a fight over Negros Island.

Naval Leaders Biographies
Here you will find information about naval leaders and pioneers from throughout military history. Read more about famous commanders such as Horatio Nelson and innovators like Andrew Higgins.

Naval Leaders of the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars
An overview of naval leaders from the French Revolutionary & Napoleonic Wars.

World War I - Battles - Western Front
A list of World War I battles fought on the Western Front.

World War II: Grumman F4F Wildcat
The Grumman F4F Wildcat entered service with the US Navy in late 1940. Flying from American aircraft carriers, the F4F Wildcat was the US Navy's principal fighter during the early years of World War II. While not as maneuverable as some Japanese fighters, the Wildcat was renowned for its durability.

Battle of Stones River - Civil War Battle of Stones River 1862 - Braxton Bragg - William Rosecrans
The Battle of Stones River was fought December 31, 1862 to January 2, 1863 near Murfreesboro, TN. The culmination of the Stones River Campaign, the battle saw Confederate troops repeatedly attack Maj. Gen. William Rosecran's Army of the Cumberland. Though pushed back, Union forces held, inflicting heavy casualties during the battle. Unable to win at Stones River and with Rosecrans receiving reinforcements, the Confederates withdrew.

Marshal Michel Ney - Napoleonic Wars Biography
Marshal Michel Ney was one of Napoleon's most trusted commanders and saw service throughout the Wars of the French Revolution and Napoleonic Wars. Enlisting in the army in 1787, Ney rose through the ranks and was commissioned five years later. Marshal Michel Ney fought at such key battles as Hohenlinden, Elchingen, Russia, Lutzen, and Waterloo.

Duke of Wellington - Arthur Wellesley - Napoleonic Wars
The Duke of Wellington was a key British commander during the Napoleonic Wars. Born Arthur Wellesley, the Duke of Wellington came to prominence for his campaigns during the Peninsular War in Spain. The Duke of Wellington is best remembered for his victory over Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815.

Siege of Colchester - English Civil War
The Siege of Colchester took place in the summer of 1648 during the English Civil War and saw a Royalist force surrounded and starved into submission.

Winter at Valley Forge in the American Revolution
Valley Forge was the encampment for Gen. George Washington's Continental Army during the winter of 1777/78. Arriving at Valley Forge battered after several defeats, the Continental Army endured a winter of starvation and privation. During the encampment, it was drilled and trained by the Prussian Baron von Steuben.

The Falklands War
An overview of the 1982 Falklands War between Great Britain and Argentina. The Falklands War occurred after Argentine forces occupied the Falklands Islands in April 1982. Shortly thereafter a British naval task force succeeded in recapturing the Falklands and forcing the Argentine troops there to surrender.

Vietnam 101: Summary of the Vietnam War
Start here for information about the Vietnam War - a short, one page overview of the conflict.

World War II - US Navy Battle of Midway
The Battle of Midway in early June 1942, marked the turning point of World War II in the Pacific. Fighting to the west of Midway, the US Navy attacked and sunk four Japanese aircraft carriers while losing only one of its own.

D-Day: The Invasion of Normandy - World War II History
D-Day refers to the Invasion of Normandy which took place on June 6, 1944, during World War II. Landing on D-Day, Allied forces were preceded by airborne troops which dropped during the night. On D-Day, Allied forces gained a foothold in France from which they would advance to defeat Germany.

American Revolution 101 - Revolutionary War
The American Revolution was fought between 1775 and 1783, and was the result of increasing colonial unhappiness with British rule. During the American Revolution, American forces were constantly hampered by a lack of resources, but managed to win critical victories which led to an alliance with France. Following the American victory at Yorktown, fighting effectively ended and the war was concluded with the Treaty of Paris in 1783.

World War II: Second Battle of El Alamein
The Second Battle of El Alamein was the turning point of the Western Desert Campaign during World War II. Fought in northwestern Egypt from October 23-November 5, 1942, Second El Alamein saw British forces under Lt. Gen. Bernard Montgomery attack and break through Axis positions. As a result, Field Marshal Erwin Rommel was forced to retreat across North Africa.

American Civil War: Joshua L. Chamberlain
One of the most famed Union commanders of the Civil War, Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain was a college professor turned army officer. A native of Maine, Chamberlain heroically defended Little Round Top during the Battle of Gettysburg and ultimately was chosen to receive the Confederate surrender at Appomattox.

Battle of Agincourt - Hundred Years' War
The Battle of Agincourt was fought October 25, 1415, during the Hundred Years' War. In the resulting battle, Henry V won a decisive victory.

Inchon Invasion - Korean War Facts and Background
A decisive early battle of the Korean War, the Inchon invasion saw UN troops storm ashore deep behind North Korean lines.

Ottoman Empire Defeated at the Battle of Lepanto
The Battle of Lepanto was a key naval engagement during the Ottoman-Habsburg Wars. Meeting in the Gulf of Patras, the forces of the Holy League succeeded in defeating the Ottoman fleet and ending Turkish expansion in the Mediterranean.

The Battle of Atlanta in the Civil War- James McPherson
The Battle of Atlanta was fought July 22, 1864, during the Civil War. Hoping to turn the Union left flank outside Atlanta, Confederate forces attacked. In heavy fighting at the Battle of Atlanta, Union forces turned back this assault.

Overview of the American Civil War
The American Civil War was fought between 1861 and 1865, and was the bloodiest conflict in American history. Pitting North against South, the American Civil War had lasting repucussions that are still felt today. This overview will provide a brief history of the American Civil War.

Overview of the Mexican American War
The Mexican-American War resulted the dramatic growth of the United States and laid the seeds for the American Civil War. Start here for information on the Mexican-American War - a short, one page overview of the conflict.

World War I: First Battle of the Marne
The First Battle of the Marne was fought September 6-12, 1914, during World War I. During the Battle of the Marne German forces drove into into northern France and Belgium before encountering Allied forces along the Marne. In the week-long Battle of the Marne, the Allies succeeded in halting the German advance.

Top Five Navy Admirals of World War II
World War II saw the rise of great admirals in each of the combatant nations. Here we profile five of the best admirals to command fleets during the conflict.

"The Great Escape" of World War II
The Great Escape took place March 24/5, 1944, and saw 76 Allied POWs escape from Stalag Luft III in Poland. Building a series of tunnels, POWs were able to create a passage under the camp's fence. Of the 76 who were part of the Great Escape only 3 reached freedom.

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American Revolution: Battle of Cowpens (1781)
The Battle of Cowpens saw American troops rout the forces of the notorious Lt. Col. Banastre Tarleton. Fought on January 17, 1781, the Battle of Cowpens featured a double envelopment by Brig. Gen. Daniel Morgan's small army which crushed the British. A key victory in the southern campaign, Cowpens ended a string of British wins in the region.

Battle of Yorktown - American Revolutionary History
The Battle of Yorktown was fought between September 28 and October 19, 1781, after Gen. George Washington slipped away from New York and besieged Gen. Charles Cornwallis' army at Yorktown, VA. Supported by the French, Washington was able to compel the British to surrender after a brief siege. The Battle of Yorktown was the last major engagement of the American Revolution.

Ethan Allen - Leader of the Green Mountain Boys
Ethan Allen was the leader of the Green Mountain Boys and an American officer during the Revolutionary War. In 1775, Ethan Allen and Benedict Arnold famously captured of Fort Ticonderoga. Ethan Allen served throughout the northern front and was heavily involved in Vermont politics.

American Revolution: Lord Charles Cornwallis
Best known for his role in the American Revolution, Lord Charles Cornwallis was a noted British military commander and colonial governor in the 18th and 19th centuries. Forced to surrender to George Washington at Yorktown in 1781, Cornwallis later served as governor-general of India where he worked to reform British colonial administration.

Biography of Vietnamese General Vo Nguyen Giap
A prominent Vietnamese general and statesman, Vo Nguyen Giap led the Viet Minh during the First Indochina War against France and masterminded the capture of Dien Bien Phu in 1954. During the Vietnam War, Vo Nguyen Giap served as commander-in-chief of the People's Army of Vietnam and planned the Tet Offensive.

Richard the Lionheart in the Crusades
King Richard I the Lionheart was crowned King of England September 3, 1189. A gifted military leader, Richard the Lionheart is best known for his role in the Third Crusade against Saladin. Richard was killed on April 6, 1199, while besieging Chalus-Chabrol castle in France.

The Boxer Rebellion: China Fights Imperialism
The Boxer Rebellion was an anti-foreigner, anti-West uprising in China in 1899 and 1900. Largely caused by foreign influence in trade, religion, and politics, the Boxer Rebellion was suppressed by the Eight-Nation Alliance of Japan, Great Britain, the United States, France, Italy, Germany, the Austo-Hungarian Empire, and Russia.

Battle of Chosin Reservoir in the Korean War
The Battle of Chosin Reservoir was fought during the Korean War after Chinese forces entered the conflict. Occurring between November 26 and December 13, 1950, the Battle of Chosin Reservoir saw badly outnumbered United Nations forces fight their way through Chinese lines to reach the port of Hungnam. During the campaign, UN troops endured extreme cold and hardship before successfully escaping.

International Terrorism: The Entebbe Raid
After hijacking Air France Flight 139, the terrorists directed the plane to divert to Entebbe, Uganda where the Jews and Israelis were separated from the other passengers and kept hostage in the airport terminal. On July 4, 1976, a group of Israeli commandos landed at Entebbe and stormed the terminal, rescuing the the hostages.

Sherman's March to the Sea in the American Civil War
Sherman's March to the Sea commenced on November 15, 1864, after the capture of Atlanta by Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman. Marching to the port of Savannah, Sherman's men succeeded in taking the city on December 22. During the March to the Sea, Sherman's men conducted a scorched earth campaign to destroy Confederate resources in Georgia.

Isoroku Yamamoto Japanese World War II Admiral
Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto was the genius behind Japan's early naval successes during World War II. After the attack at Pearl Harbor, Yamamoto was finally defeated at the Battle of Midway. On April 18, 1943, Yamamoto was killed when his plane was intercepted by American fighters near Bougainville.

End of the Vietnam War - Fall of Saigon
With the signing of the Paris Peace Accords in January 1973, the United States ended its direct involvement in the Vietnam War. In 1974, North Vietnam began offensive operations against South Vietnam. The Vietnam War ended in 1975 with the fall of Saigon.

World War II: Yalta Conference
The Yalta Conference was held February 4-11, 1945, and was the last wartime meeting between Franklin Roosevelt, Winston Churchill, and Joseph Stalin. Meeting at the Black Sea resort of Yalta, the conference addressed many issues pertaining to the postwar world including the occupation of Germany, Soviet intervention against Japan, and the borders of Poland.

World War 1 Battles (Listed by Year)
World War I saw some of the bloodiest battles ever fought. Beginning in 1914 with the attack on Serbia, the battles of the World War I ranged across the world from the France to Africa to Russia. These massive battles made famous places such as Tannenberg, the Somme, Verdun, and Gallipoli.

World War I: The Christmas Truce of 1914
The Christmas Truce of 1914 has become one of the mythic events of World War I. A series of localized ceasefires, the Christmas Truce saw British and German soldiers stop fighting to exchange gifts, fraternize, and play games. Frowned on by both high commands, the Christmas Truce lasted only a few days before fighting recommenced.

Battle of Berlin - World War II
The Battle of Berlin was fought April 16-May 2, 1945, during the final days of World War II. In the Battle of Berlin, Soviet forces encircled the city and endured a bitter fight to capture it. During the course of the Battle of Berlin, Adolf Hiter committed suicide.

Oliver Hazard Perry - Battle of Lake Erie - War of 1812
Commodore Oliver Hazard Perry was a noted American naval officer during the War of 1812. In 1813, Oliver Hazard Perry won the Battle of Lake Erie and captured the opposing British squadron. After the war, Oliver Hazard Perry served in a variety of peacetime assignments until his death in 1819.

The Winter War During World War II
The Winter War occurred between the Finland and the Soviet Union during the winter of 1939-1940. Begun by the Soviets who sought to gain territory, the war cost them dearly as the Finns mounted a heroic defense. Finally breaking through the Finnish lines, the Russians forced Finland to sign the Peace of Moscow which ended the Winter War.

First Indochina War: Battle of Dien Bien Phu
The Battle of Dien Bien Phu began March 13, 1954, and was the decisive engagement of the French war in Indochina. Building a base at Dien Bien Phu in the Vietnamese highlands, the French were soon besieged by Viet Minh forces. In a two-month battle, the Vietnamese forced the Dien Bien Phu garrison to surrender, effectively ending the war.

World War II: Battle of Wake Island
The Battle of Wake Island was fought December 8-23, 1941 and saw the US Marines mount a heroic defense before being overwhelemed by Japanese forces. First landing on Wake Island on December 11, the Japanese were repulsed by the Marines. Reinforced, they returned on the 23rd and succeeded in taking Wake Island.

Biography of General Curtis Lemay US Air Force
General Curtis LeMay first gained fame as leading bombing raids over Germany during World War II. By the end of the conflict, LeMay was commanding the bomber offensive against Japan. Following the war, LeMay became the driving force behind the Strategic Air Command and later served as Chief of Staff of the Air Force.

Biography of Eddie Rickenbacker, World War I Ace
The top American ace of World War I, Eddie Rickenbacker was a former racecar driver who joined the US Army in 1917. A gifted mechanic, Rickenbacker had to talk his way into flight training as his skills were needed on the ground. Flying with the 94th Aero Squadron, Rickenbacker downed 26 enemy aircraft.