Military History Sitemap - Page 5 2014-08-21

Battle of Dupplin Moor - Second War of Scottish Independence - Edward Balliol
The Battle of Dupplin Moor was fought August 10-11, 1332, during the Second War of Scottish Independence. Clashing at Dupplin Moor the supporters of the Bruce dynasty met Edward Balliol and his English allies. In the fighting at Dupplin Moor, the Bruces were defeated.

Guy Carleton - American Revolution - Sir Carleton Governor of Canada
Sir Guy Carleton served as governor of Quebec and later governor-general of Canada. Guy Carleton was in office during the American Revolution and defended Canada from American attacks. In the war's later years, Guy Carleton served as commander-in-chief of British forces in North America.

Patrick Ferguson - American Revolution - King's Mountain - Major Patrick Ferguson
Major Patrick Ferguson was a British officer during the American Revolution. Known for inventing a breech-loading rifle, Patrick Ferguson saw action during the Philadelphia Campaign. Patrick Ferguson was killed leading British forces at the Battle of Kings Mountain in North Carolina.

Samuel Nicholas - US Marine Corps - American Revolution - Marines Birthday
Major Samuel Nicholas was the first commissioned officer in the history of the US Marine Corps. Samuel Nicholas entered the service in 1775 during the American Revolution. Seeing action during the conflict, Samuel Nicholas effectively served as the first commandant of the US Marine Corps.

John Stark - Revolutionary War - General Stark - American Revolution
Major General John Stark was a notable commander during the American Revolution. A native of New Hampshire, John Stark fought in the French and Indian War before seeing action at Bunker Hill in 1775. John Stark later took part in the Battles of Trenton and Princeton as well as played a key role at the Battle of Bennington.

Duke of Cumberland - Prince William Augustus - Butcher Cumberland - The Forty-Five
Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland was the son of King George II and a well-know British commadner during the 18th century. The Duke of Cumberland saw service during the War of the Austrian Succession and led British forces at the Battle of Culloden. The Duke of Cumberland's career ended when he was defeated during the Seven Years' War.

Battle of Minden - Seven Years' War - Duke of Brunswick
The Battle of Minden was fought August 1, 1759, during the Seven Years' War. The Battle of Minden saw Allied forces attempt to defend Hanover from the French. In the fighting at the Battle of Minden, the Duke of Brunswick and the Allies won a key victory.

Battle of Manzikert - Byzantine Empire - Defeat at Manzikert
The Battle of Manzikert was fought August 26, 1071, between the Byzantine Empire and the Suljuk Turks. In the fighting at the Battle of Manzikert, the Byzantines were badly defeated. The Battle of Manzikert also saw Emperor Romanos IV captured by the Seljuks.

HMHS Britannic - Hospital Ships - World War I
HMHS Britannic was a British hospital ship during World War I. A sister of RMS Titanic, HMHS Britannic conducted several voyages to the Mediterranean to evacuate wounded. In November 1916, HMHS Britannic struck a mine and sank.

USS President - US Navy - War of 1812
USS President was one of the original six frigates built for the US Navy. Seeing service during the First Barbary War, USS President later at the center of the Little Belt Affair. After several cruises during the War of 1812, USS President was captured by the British in the waning days of the conflict.

USS Enterprise - CVN-65 - US Navy Aircraft Carrier
USS Enterprise (CVN-65) is the world's first nuclear-powered aircraft carrier. Commissioned in 1961, USS Enterprise has seen extensive service during the Vietnam War as well as during numerous other military operations. Currently in use, USS Enterprise is schedule to be retired in 2013.

USS Connecticut - Great White Fleet - Battleship - US Navy - Connecticut-Class
USS Connecticut (BB-18) was an American battleship that saw service during the early 20th century. In 1907 to 1909, USS Connecticut acted as flagship of the Great White Fleet and sailed around the world. USS Connecticut later took part in World War I and was scrapped in 1923.

USS Oriskany - CV-34 - US Navy - Aircraft Carrier
USS Oriskany (CV-34) was a aircraft carrier that saw service with the US Navy from 1950 to 1976. Laid down during World War II, USS Oriskany was completed after the conflict and later saw service during the Korean and Vietnam Wars. In 2006, USS Oriskany was sunk in the Gulf of Mexico as an artificial reef.

USS Chesapeake - US Navy Frigate - War of 1812 - Chesapeake-Leopard Affair
USS Chesapeake was 38-gun frigate built for the US Navy and launched in 1799. One of the US Navy's original six frigates, USS Chesapeake was attacked by HMS Leopard during the 1807 Chesapeake-Leopard Affair. USS Chesapeake was later defeated and captured by HMS Shannon during the War of 1812.

Quiberon Bay - Battle of Quiberon Bay - Seven Years' War
The Battle of Quiberon Bay was fought November 20, 1759, during the Seven Years' War. Attacking the French fleet at the Battle of Quiberon Bay, Admiral Sir Edward Hawke captured or destroyed six enemy ships of the line and scattered the remainder. The Battle of Quiberon Bay was part of the Annus Mirabilis of 1759.

Admiral Rodney - George Rodney - Baron Rodney - Royal Navy
Admiral George Rodney was a noted British naval leader during Seven Years' War and American Revolution. A seasoned officer, George Rodney took part in numerous campaigns and battles. George Rodney is best known for his 1782 victory at the Battle of the Saintes.

Battle of Machias - American Revolution - Machias First Naval Battle of American Revolution
The Battle of Machias was fought June 11-12, 1775, during the American Revolution. The first naval battle of the American Revolution, the Battle of Machias saw colonial forces attack HMS Margaretta. After a brief engagement, the Americans took the ship.

B-2 Spirit - Stealth Bomber - US Air Force
The B-2 Spirit is a stealth bomber that entered service with the US Air Force in 1997. Developed during the Cold War, the B-2 Spirit was intended for penetrating Soviet defenses. Currently in service, the B-2 Spirit has been used in several conflicts including Kosovo and Afghanistan.

USS Macon - US Navy - Airship - ZRS-5
USS Macon (ZRS-5) was a rigid airship built for the US Navy. Entering service in 1933, USS Macon conducted as variety of exercises and carried a complement of Curtiss F9C Sparrowhawk fighters. USS Macon was lost during a storm off the coast of California in February 1935.

G3M - Mitsubishi G3M Nell World War II
The Mitsubishi G3M

Battle of Killiecrankie - Jacobite Rising - Bonnie Dundee at Killiecrankie
The Battle of Killiecrankie was fought July 27, 1689, during the Jacobite Risings. Rebeling against William III, Jacobite supporters in Scotland, led by Viscount Dundee, moved south to Killiecrankie. Met by Government forces, they won a clear victory at the Battle of Killiecrankie after launching an effective Highland charge.

Raid on Deerfield - Queen Anne's War - Deerfield Massacre
The Raid on Deerfield took place on February 29, 1704, during Queen Anne's War. The North American extension of the War of the Spanish Succession, the conflict saw a combined French and Native American force raid Deerfield, Massachusetts. Attacking the raiders, killed over fifty of Deerfield's residents and captured over one hundred.

Siege of Fort Wayne - War of 1812 - William Henry Harrison
The Siege of Fort Wayne took place September 5-12, 1812, during the War of 1812. Laying siege to Fort Wayne, Native American forces mounted several attacks against the fort. These were repulsed and the Native Americans withdrew as William Henry Harrison neared with a relief army.

Battle of the Chateauguay - War of 1812 - St. Lawrence Campaign
The Battle of Chateauguay was fought October 26, 1813, during the War of 1812. Advancing into Quebec, an American army led by Major General Wade Hampton clashed with French Canadian and Native American forces at the Battle of Chateauguay. In the fighting at Chateauguay, the Americans were defeated and forced to retreat.

Ferdinand Foch - World War I - French Army
Marshal Ferdinand Foch was a noted French commander during World War I. Playing a key role in the First Battle of the Marne, Ferdinand Foch later became supreme commander of Allied forces. In this role, Ferdinand Foch received the German request for an armistice.

John French - World War I - Field Marshal French - Earl of Ypres
Field Marshal John French was a British commander during the early part of World War I. Entering the British Army in 1874, John French rose to prominence during the Second Boer War and later served as Chief of the Imperial General Staff. With the beginning of World War I, John French became the commander of the British Expeditionary Force, a post he held until December 1915.

Battle of Cerro Gordo - Mexican-American War - Winfield Scott at Cerro Gordo
The Battle of Cerro Gordo was fought April 18, 1847, during the Mexican-American War. Advancing from Veracruz, Maj. Gen. Winfield Scott's army found the Mexicans blocking its advance at Cerro Gordo. In the Battle of Cerro Gordo, the Americans were able to flank the Mexican position and rout the enemy.

Battle of Molino del Rey - Mexican-American War - Winfield Scott Battle of Molina del Rey
The Battle of Molino del Rey was fought September 8, 1847, during the Mexican-American War. Moving forward, American troops attacked Mexican forces in the Molino del Rey. In heavy fighting, they drove away the defenders and won the Battle of Molino del Rey.

Battle of Contreras - Mexican-American War - Battle of Padierna - Winfield Scott
The Battle of Contreras was fought on August 19-20, 1847, during the Mexican-American War. Advancing on Mexico City, American troops opened the Battle of Contreras by attacking Mexican forces led by Gen. Gabriel Valencia. Defeating the Mexicans at Contreras, American forces won again at Churubusco on the 20th.

Battle of Churubusco - Mexican-American War - Winfield Scott
The Battle of Churubusco was fought August 20, 1847 during the Mexican-American War. Having defeated the Mexicans that morning at Contreras, American forces renewed their attack that afternoon at Churubusco. In the Battle of Churubusco, US troops won a victory after several hours of heavy fighting.

Duke of Wellington - Arthur Wellesley - Napoleonic Wars
The Duke of Wellington was a key British commander during the Napoleonic Wars. Born Arthur Wellesley, the Duke of Wellington came to prominence for his campaigns during the Peninsular War in Spain. The Duke of Wellington is best remembered for his victory over Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815.

Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant
Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant was a key Union commander during the Civil War who ultimately came to oversee all Union armies. Page 10.

Major General Don Carlos Buell
Major General Don Carlos Buell was a Union leader who fought at Shiloh and led troops at the Battle of Perryville. Page 11.

Major General William S. Rosecrans
Major General William S. Rosecrans led the Army of the Cumberland during the Civil War and was later defeated at the Battle of Chickamauga. Page 12.

Major General William T. Sherman
Major General William T. Sherman was a Union commander during the Civil War who oversaw the campaign against Atlanta and then the advance to the sea. Page 13.

Major General George H. Thomas
Major General George H. Thomas was a Union commander that earned fame at the Battle of Chickamauga and later led the Army of the Cumberland. Page 14.

Major General Philip H. Sheridan
Major General Philip H. Sheridan was a Union commander during the Civil War who later led the Army of the Potomac's cavalry. Page 15.

Major General Irvin McDowell
Major General Irvin McDowell was Union general during the American Civil War and was defeated at the First Battle of Bull Run. Page 2.

Major General George B. McClellan
Major General George B. McClellan was a Union general who led troops during the Peninsula Campaign and the Battle of Antietam. Page 3.

Major General John Pope
Major General John Pope was a Union general during the Civil War who saw service in the West before being defeated at the Second Battle of Manassas. Page 4.

Major General Ambrose Burnside
Major General Ambrose Burnside was Union general during the Civil War who led troops in North Carolina, the Battle of Fredericksburg, and later during the Overland Campaign. Page 5.

Major General Joseph Hooker
Major General Joseph Hooker was a Union general during the Civil War who saw service in the East, was defeated at the Battle of Chancellorsville, and led XX Corps in the West. Page 6.

Major General George G. Meade
Major General George G. Meade was Union general during the Civil War who saw service in the East and led the Army of the Potomac at the Battle of Gettysburg. Page 7.

Major General Winfield S. Hancock
Major General Winfield S. Hancock was a Union corps commander during the Civil War who saw extensive service in the East. Page 8.

Major General Henry W. Halleck
Major General Henry W. Halleck was the Union general-in-chief during the Civil War. Page 9.

John Wool - Major General - Mexican-American War - US Army
Major General John Wool was a central figure in the US Army during the 19th century. Entering service in 1812, John Wool took part in the War of 1812, Mexican-American War, and Civil War. The oldest general in the Civil War, John Wool retired in 1863 at age 79.

B-47 Stratojet - Boeing - US Air Force - Bombers - Cold War
The B-47 Stratojet was an American bomber that entered service in 1951. Built by Boeing, the B-47 Stratojet saw extensive use with the Strategic Air Command and contained numerous innovations. Though intended as a nuclear bomber, variants of the B-47 Stratojet also fulfilled reconnaissance roles.

A-6 Intruder - Grumman - US Navy - Vietnam War - Gulf War
The Grumman A-6 Intruder was a carrier-based attack aircraft developed for the US Navy in the early 1960s. Seeing service during the Vietnam War, the A-6 Intruder was known for its range and payload capability. The A-6 Intruder took part in the Gulf War in 1991 before being retired six years later.

President Jefferson Davis
President Jefferson Davis served as the Confederacy's only president and was in office for the entirety of the Civil War.

Major General J.E.B. Stuart
Major General J.E.B. Stuart was Confederate leader during the Civil War who led the Army of Northern Virginia's cavalry. Page 10.

Lieutenant General Jubal A. Early
Lieutenant General Jubal A. Early was a Confederate commander during the Civil War who led troops in the Army of Northern Virginia and in the Shenandoah Valley. Page 11.

General John B. Hood
General John B. Hood was a Confederate commander during the Civil War who rose to command the Army of Tennessee in 1864. Page 12.

Major General John B. Gordon
Major General John B. Gordon was a noted Confederate commander who saw service in the East during the Civil War. Page 13.

General Joseph E. Johnston
General Joseph E. Johnston was a key Confederate commander during the Civil War who saw service in all parts of the Confederacy. Page 2.

General Robert E. Lee
General Robert E. Lee was a famous Confederate commander during the Civil War who led the Army of Northern Virginia. Page 3.

General Braxton Bragg
General Braxton Bragg was a Confederate commander who led the Army of Tennessee for most of the Civil War. Page 4.

General Pierre G.T. Beauregard
General Pierre G.T. Beauregard was a Confederate commander who oversaw the attack on Fort Sumter and later saw service in several areas of the South. Page 5.

Lieutenant General Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson
Lieutenant General Thomas

Lieutenant General James Longstreet
Lieutenant General James Longstreet was a Confederate leader during the Civil War who led a corps in the Army of Northern Virginia. Page 7.

Lieutenant General Richard Ewell
Lieutenant General Richard Ewell was a Confederate leader during the Civil War who led a corps in the Army of Northern Virginia. Page 8.

Lieutenant General Ambrose P. Hill
Lieutenant General Ambrose P. Hill was a Confederate leader during the Civil War who led a corps in the Army of Northern Virginia. Page 9.

President Abraham Lincoln
President Abraham Lincoln led the United States during the American Civil War.

Siege of Fort St. Jean - American Revolution - Siege of Fort St. John - Revolutionary War
The Siege of Fort St. Jean was fought in the fall of 1775 during the American Revolution. Pushing north into Canada, American forces laid siege to Fort St. Jean and captured it after several weeks. The success at the Siege of Fort St. Jean opened the way for the American invasion of Canada.

Benjamin Lincoln - American Revolution - Major General - Revolutionary War
Major General Benjamin Lincoln was a commander in the Continental Army during the American Revolution. Present at the Battle of Saratoga, Benjamin Lincoln later led the Southern Department and was captured during the Siege of Charleston. Exhanged, Benjamin Lincoln later received the British surrender at the Battle of Yorktown.

USS Hornet - CV-12 - World War II - US Navy - Aircraft Carrier
USS Hornet (CV-12) was an Essex-class aircraft carrier that entered service in 1943. Serving in the Pacific during World War II, USS Hornet (CV-12) took part in several campaigns against the Japanese. USS Hornet (CV-12) later took part in the Vietnam War and helped recover spacecraft for NASA.

USS Randolph - CV-15 - World War II - US Navy - Aircraft Carrier
USS Randolph (CV-15) was an Essex-class carrier built for the US Navy during World War II. Seeing service in the latter stages of the campaigns in the Pacific, USS Randolph battled Japanese forces. Modernized after the war, USS Randolph saw routine duty until being inactivated in 1969.

USS Ticonderoga - CV-14 - World War II - Aircraft Carrier - US Navy - Vietnam War
USS Ticonderoga (CV-14) was a US Navy aircraft carrier that saw service during World War II. Commissioned in 1944, USS Ticonderoga took part in operations in the Pacific. Modernized after the war, USS Ticonderoga later took part in the Vietnam War before being retired in 1973.

Junkers Ju 88 - Luftwaffe - World War II - Bombers
The Junkers Ju 88 was a twin-engine, multi-role aircraft used by the Luftwaffe during World War II. During the course of the conflict, the Junkers Ju 88 saw service as a bomber, dive bomber, night fighter, heavy fighter, and reconnaissance aircraft. Produced until 1945, over 15,000 Junkers Ju 88s were built.

USS Lexington - CV-16 - World War II - Aircraft Carrier - US Navy
USS Lexington (CV-16) was an Essex-class aircraft carrier that saw extensive service with the US Navy during World War II. Serving in the Pacific, USS Lexington took part in the Battles of the Philippine Sea and Leyte Gulf as well as raids on Japan. USS Lexington was later modernized and remained in service until 1991.

G4M Betty - Mitsubishi - World War II - Bombers
The Mitsubishi G4M Betty was a Japanese medium bomber that saw service during World War II. Entering use in 1941, the G4M Betty participated in many of the key campaigns in the Pacific. The G4M Betty lacked self-sealing fuel tanks and earned the nickname

Marquis de Montcalm - French and Indian War - Louis-Joseph de Montcalm - Battle of Quebec
The Marquis de Montcalm was noted French commander during the French and Indian War. Defending New France, the Marquis de Montcalm won key battles at Fort William Henry and Fort Carillon. In 1759, the Marquis de Montcalm was mortally wounded during the Battle of Quebec.

Battle of Island Number 10 - Civil War - John Pope - Battle of Island No. 10
The Battle of Island Number 10 was fought in early 1862 during the American Civil War. Pushing down the Mississippi River, Union forces attacked the Confederate position at Island Number 10. Laying siege in the Battle of Island Number 10, Union forces compelled the garrison to surrender.

Battle of Fort George - War of 1812 - Lake Ontario
The Battle of Fort George was fought May 25 to 27, 1813, during the War of 1812. Moving across Lake Ontario, American forces mounted an amphibious assault and opened the Battle of Fort George. Attacking, the Americans won the Battle of Fort George and forced the British to withdraw.

USS Wisconsin - BB-9 - US Navy - Battleships - Great White Fleet
USS Wisconsin (BB-9) was an Illinois-class battleship built for the US Navy. Commissioned in 1901, USS Wisconsin saw extensive service in the Pacific and later took part in the cruise of the Great White Fleet. Used as a training ship in World War I, USS Wisconsin was sold for scrap in 1922.

USS Missouri - BB-11 - Great White Fleet - Battleships - US Navy
USS Missouri (BB-11) was a Maine-class battleship that entered service in 1903. Sailing with the Great White Fleet, USS Missouri steamed around the world in 1907-1909. Used for training during World War I, USS Missouri was sold for scrap in 1922.

USS Ohio - BB-12 - Great White Fleet - US Navy - Battleships
USS Ohio (BB-12) was an American battleship that entered service in 1904. Sailing with the Great White Fleet from 1907 to 1909, USS Ohio circumnavigated the globe and made port calls around the world. Retired from service in 1922, USS Ohio was later sold for scrap.

USS Georgia - BB-15 - Great White Fleet - US Navy - Battleships
USS Georgia (BB-15) was a Virginia-class battleship that entered service with the US Navy in 1906. In 1907, USS Georgia sailed with the Great White Fleet and circled the globe and visited South America and the Far East. USS Georgia remained in service until 1920.

USS Nebraska - BB-14 - Great White Fleet - Virginia-Class - Battleships - US Navy
USS Nebraska (BB-14) was a Virginia-class battleship that saw service with the US Navy. Commissioned in 1907, USS Nebraska took part in the cruise of the Great White Fleet and visited ports in the Pacific and Europe. USS Nebraska later served during World War I before being sold for scrap in 1923.

USS New Jersey - BB-16 - Great White Fleet - US Navy - Battleships
USS New Jersey (BB-16) was a Virginia-class battleship built for the US Navy. Entering service in 1906, USS New Jersey took part in the cruise of the Great White Fleet. Remaining in the fleet, USS New Jersey served in World War I and was later retired in 1920.

USS Rhode Island - BB-17 - Great White Fleet - Battleships - US Navy
USS Rhode Island (BB-17) was a Virginia-class battleship that entered service with the US Navy in 1906. The following year, USS Rhode Island sailed around the world as part of the Great White Fleet. USS Rhode Island remained in use until being sold for scrap in 1923.

USS Indiana - BB-1 - Spanish-American War - Battleship - US Navy
USS Indiana (BB-1) was the first modern battleship built by the US Navy. Launched in 1893, USS Indiana (BB-1) saw action during the Spanish-American War and took part in the Battle of Santiago de Cuba. USS Indiana (BB-1) later saw service during World War I as training ship.

USS Massachusetts - BB-2 - Spanish-American War - US Navy - Battleships
USS Massachusetts (BB-2) was an Indiana-class battleship that saw service with the US Navy. Entering service in 1896, USS Massachusetts (BB-2) took part in the Spanish-American War. USS Massachusetts operated as a training ship during World War I and later was scuttled off Pensacola, FL.

USS Oregon - BB-3 - US Navy - Spanish-American War
USS Oregon (BB-3) was an Indiana-class battleship that saw service during with the US Navy. In 1898, USS Oregon famously rounded South America to join the US fleet off Cuba during the Spanish-American War. USS Oregon saw later service in the Pacific and was later sold for scrap in 1956.

USS Iowa - BB-4 - Spanish-American War - Battleships
USS Iowa (BB-4) was a battleship that saw service with the US Navy. Commissioned in 1897, USS Iowa was the service's first sea-going battleship and saw action during the Spanish-American War. USS Iowa was later sunk as a target in 1923.

USS Kearsarge - BB-5 - US Navy - Great White Fleet
USS Kearsarge (BB-5) was the lead ship of the US Nayv's Kearsarge-class battleships. Entering service in 1900, USS Kearsarge sailed around the world with the Great White Fleet. Later converted to a crane ship, USS Kearsarge remained in service until 1955.

USS Kentucky - BB-6 - Battleships - Great White Fleet - US Navy
USS Kentucky (BB-6) was commissioned in 1900 and was the second battleship of the Kearsarge-class. Sailing with the Great White Fleet, USS Kentucky traveled around the world. Decommissioned in 1920, USS Kentucky was sold for scrap in 1923.

USS Illinois - BB-7 - Battleships - US Navy
USS Illinois (BB-7) was battleship that saw service with the US Navy. Commissioned in 1901, USS Illinois (BB-7) later took part in the cruise of the Great White Fleet. Serving in various roles until 1956, USS Illinois (BB-7) was sold for scrap later that year.

USS Alabama - BB-8 - Battleships - US Navy - Great White Fleet
USS Alabama (BB-8) was an Illinois-class battleship that saw service in the US Navy. Entering commission in 1900, USS Alabama took part in part of the cruise of the Great White Fleet. USS Alabama remained use until 1920.

Battle of Nassau - American Revolution - New Providence Expedition - Revolutionary War
The Battle of Nassau was fought March 3-4, 1776, during the American Revolution. Sailing south, an American squadron attacked Nassau (New Providence Island) with the goal of munitions and artillery. In the resulting Battle of Nassau, American forces captured the island and held it for two weeks before withdrawing.

Battle of Ligny - Napoleonic Wars - Waterloo Campaign
The Battle of Ligny was fought June 16, 1815, during the Napoleonic Wars. Fought during the Hundred Days, the Battle of Ligny saw the Prussians clash with Napoleon's forces. Though a tactical defeat, the Battle of Ligny did not prevent the Prussians from uniting with the Duke of Wellington at the Battle of Wellington.

Battle of Piedmont - Civil War - David Hunter - Shenandoah Valley
The Battle of Piedmont was fought June 5, 1864, during the American Civil War. Advancing in the Shenandoah Valley, Major General David Hunter engaged Brigadier General William

Battle of Corregidor- 1945 - World War II - Liberation of the Philippines
The Battle of Corregidor was fought February 16-26, 1945, during World War II. Returning to the Philippines, American troops commenced the Battle of Corregidor to liberate the island which had fallen to the Japanese in May 1942. In the Battle of Corregidor, American troops landed and parachuted onto the island and overwhelmed Japanese forces.

Sir Thomas Fairfax - English Civil War - New Model Army
Sir Thomas Fairfax, 3rd Lord Fairfax of Cameron, was a noted Parliamentarian commander during the English Civil War. Active during the fighting, Sir Thomas Fairfax led the New Model Army to victory at the Battle of Naseby in 1645. In 1660, Sir Thomas Fairfax was active in the Restoration of Charles II.

Battle of Mortimer's Cross - Wars of the Roses - Edward IV
The Battle of Mortimer's Cross was fought February 2, 1461, during the Wars of the Roses. Seeking to prevent Lancastrian forces from Wales from uniting with their allies, Edward, Earl of March, engaged them in the Battle of Mortimer's Cross. Victorious at Mortimer's Cross, Edward captured and killed Owen Tudor and shattered the enemy's forces.

Battle of Olustee - Civil War - Florida
The Battle of Olustee was fought February 20, 1864, during the American Civil War. Advancing from Jacksonville, FL, Brigadier General Truman Seymour engaged Confederate forces near Olustee. In the resulting Battle of Olustee his men were pushed back and forced to retreat back to Jacksonville.

Second Battle of St. Albans - Wars of the Roses - Earl of Warwick
The Second Battle of St. Albans was fought February 17, 1461, during the Wars of the Roses. Moving south, Lancastrian forces led by Queen Margaret encountered the the Earl of Warwick near St. Albans. Conducing a wide flanking movement, they routed him in the Second Battle of St. Albans and continued their advance on London.

William Bainbridge - US Navy - War of 1812 - Quasi-War
Commodore William Bainbridge was an officer in the US Navy during the Barbary Wars and War of 1812. Captured during the First Barbary War, William Bainbridge lost USS Philadelphia in Tripoli harbor. During the War of 1812, William Bainbridge defeated HMS Java while captain of USS Constitution.

Battle of Hobkirk's Hill - American Revolution - Nathanael Greene - Revolutionary War
The Battle of Hobkirk's Hill was fought April 25, 1781, during the American Revolution. Returning to South Carolina, Major General Nathanael Greene encamped near Hobkirk's Hill and began planning to eliminate British outposts in the area. Attacked by Lord Rawdon at the Battle of Hobkirk's Hill, Greene was force to retreat north.

Raphael Semmes - CSS Alabama - Civil War - Confederate Navy
Rear Admiral Raphael Semmes was a noted Confederate naval commander during the American Civil War. First making a name for himself as commander of the raider CSS Sumter, Raphael Semmes later earned international fame as captain of CSS Alabama. Defeated off Cherbourg in 1864, Raphael Semmes returned to Richmond and led the James River Squadron and later the Naval Brigade.

Edwin V. Sumner - Civil War - Union - Major General
Major General Edwin V. Sumner was a Union commander during the Civil War. Edwin V. Sumner took part in the Mexican-American War and quickly rose to corps command in the Army of the Potomac during the early years of the Civil War. Edwin V. Sumner left his command following the Battle of Fredericksburg.

Edward Canby - Civil War - Union General
Major General Edward Canby was a Union commander during the American Civil War. Gaining fame for his efforts in New Mexico, Edward Canby later directed the campaign against Mobile, AL. Edward Canby was killed in 1873 while negotiating with the Modocs.

Benjamin Butler - Civil War - Major General - Governor of Massachusetts
Major General Benjamin Butler was a controversial political general during the American Civil War. Appointed in 1861, Benjamin Butler oversaw forces in Maryland and Virginia before assuming control of Union forces at New Orleans. Benjamin Butler was relieved in early 1865 after a failed attack on Fort Fisher in North Carolina.

Battle of Kettle Creek - American Revolution - Revolutionary War - Andrew Pickens
The Battle of Kettle Creek was fought February 14, 1779, during the American Revolution. Moving toward Augusta, GA, a British Loyalist force was attacked by Patriot militia at the Battle of Kettle Creek. In the fighting at the Battle of Kettle Creek, American forces defeated and scattered the British force.

First Battle of Newbury - English Civil War - Earl of Essex
The First Battle of Newbury was fought September 20, 1643, during the English Civil War. Retreating towards London, the Earl of Essex was forced to attack Royalist forces near Newbury. In the resulting First Battle of Newbury, the two sides engaged in a pitched contest before the Parliamentarians were able to continue their withdrawal.

Battle of Alton - English Civil War - William Waller
The Battle of Alton was fought December 13, 1643, during the English Civil War. Attacking Alton, Sir William Waller's men clashed with the Earl of Crawford's Royalist garrison. In the Battle of Alton, Waller's troops captured the town.

Battle of the Assunpink Creek - American Revolution - Revolutionary War
The Battle of the Assunpink Creek was fought January 2, 1777, during the American Revolution. Following the Battle of Trenton, General George Washington moved his army into a defensive position behind Assunpink Creek. Attacked by Lieutenant General Charles Cornwallis, Washington turned back the British at the Battle of the Assunpink Creek before departing during the night to attack Princeton.

Battle of Preston - English Civil War - Oliver Cromwell
The Battle of Preston was fought August 17-19, 1648, during the English Civil War. During the Battle of Preston, Oliver Cromwell's New Model Army engaged a Scottish Engager and English Royalist force. In the fighting at Preston, Cromwell won a clear victory.

Battle of Powick Bridge - English Civil War - Royalists and Parliamentarians
The Battle of Powick Bridge was fought September 23, 1642, during the English Civil War. Operating near Powick Bridge, Parliamentarian and Royalist cavalry clashed. In the fighting at the Battle of Powick Bridge, the Royalists won a clear victory.

Battle of Roundway Down - English Civil War - Sir William Waller
The Battle of Roundway Down took place July 13, 1643, during the English Civil War. Fought during the Siege of Devizes, the Battle of Roundway Down saw Royalist cavalry defeat Parliamentarian troops under Sir William Waller. The defeat at Roundway Down later led to the fall of Bristol.

Battle of Rowton Heath - English Civil War - Siege of Chester
The Battle of Rowton Heath was fought September 24, 1645, during the English Civil War. Having withdrawn to Chester, King Charles' intended to break the siege of the city. Attacked on September 24 at the Battle of Rowton Heath, his men were defeated and forced to retreat.

Paoli Massacre - American Revolution - Battle of Paoli
The Paoli Massacre took place September 20-21, 1777, during the American Revolution. Fought shortly after the Battle of Brandywine, the Paoli Massacre saw Brigadier General Anthony Wayne's men surprise attacked by British troops led by Major General Charles Grey. In the wake of the Paoli Massacre, Wayne's command fled the field and moved west.

USS Essex - CV-9 - World War II - Aircarft Carriers
USS Essex (CV-9) was an American aircraft carrier that entered service during World War II. The lead ship of the large Essex-class, USS Essex took part in the major campaigns in the Pacific and later served in the Korean War. Remaining in service until 1969, USS Essex served as a recovery ship for the early Apollo space missions.

USS Ranger - CV-4 - World War II - Aircraft Carrier
USS Ranger (CV-4) was a US Navy aircraft carrier that saw service during World War II. The US Navy's first purpose-built aircraft carrier, USS Ranger saw extensive service in the Atlantic as the war raged. Smaller and slower than its newer compatriots, USS Ranger finished the war as a training carrier.

USS Yorktown - World War II - CV-10 - Aircraft Carrier - US Navy
USS Yorktown (CV-10) was an Essex-class aircraft carrier that served with the US Navy. Entering service in 1943, USS Yorktown saw combat in the Pacific during World War II. After the war, USS Yorktown saw further action during the Vietnam War before becoming a museum ship.

Battle of Camperdown - French Revolutionary Wars - Royal Navy
The Battle of Camperdown was fought October 11, 1797, during the French Revolutionary Wars. Attacking a Dutch fleet, Admiral Adam Duncan opened the Battle of Camperdown off the Dutch coast. Winning a decisive victory, Duncan captured eleven Dutch ships at the Battle of Camperdown.

Battle of San Domingo - Napoleonic Wars - Royal Navy
The Battle of San Domingo was a naval battle fought February 6, 1806, during the Napoleonic Wars. Engaging off the coast of Hispanola, the Battle of San Domingo saw a British fleet under Vice Admiral John Duckworth attack a French squadron led by Vice Admiral Corentin Leissègues. In the fighting at the Battle of San Domingo, Duckworth won a decisive victory.

Arthur Harris - World War II Arthur Bomber Harris Biography
Marshal Arthur

World War II Admirals - Top 5 World War II Admirals
World War II saw the rise of great admirals in each of the combatant nations. Here we profile five of the best admirals to command fleets during the conflict. Page 2.

Eastern Theater of the Civil War - Battles of the Eastern Theater of the Civil War
Here we look at the campaigns and battles of the Eastern Theater of the American Civil War.

American Civil War Overview - American Civil War 101 - United States Civil War Overview - US Civl War
The American Civil War was fought between 1861 and 1865. Start here to learn more about the war between the states.

War of 1812 - War of 1812 History
The War of 1812 was fought from 1812 to 1815 between the United States and Great Britain. Stemming from trade disputes, impressment, and affronts to the US' national honor, the fighting raged at sea, along the Canadian border, as well as around Washington and New Orleans. Settled by the Treaty of Ghent, the war was largely a draw with a return to state quo ante bellum.

American Revolution - American Revolution Overview
Fought between 1775 and 1783, the American Revolution saw Britain's American colonies rise up to secure their independence as the United States of America. This section will provide an overview of the military aspects of the conflict.

Overview of World War II - World War II 101 - Short History of World War II
World War II was fought between 1939 and 1945. Start here to learn more about the war that consumed the globe.

World War 1 - World War 1 Overview
An overview of World War 1. Military History.

American Revolution Biographies - Biography of the American Revolution - Army Biographies - Revolutionary War Biographies - War of American Independence Biographies
Here you will find information about the American, French, and British commanders who guided forces during the American Revolution.

Vietnam War
The United States' longest conflict, Vietnam shaped a generation and tested the resolve of the nation. Here we examine the conflict from its origins to its final days.

World War II at Sea
Much of World War II was fought at sea from the cold waters of the North Atlantic to the tropical water of the South Pacific. These resources will aid in better understanding World War II at sea.

American Civil War Warships - American Civil War Warships and Ironclads
The American Civil War was a transformative time in warship design. During the conflict, the

World War I at Sea - Naval Warfare in World War I - Fighting at Sea in World War I - Naval Battles of World War I
Comsuming the globe, much of World War I was fought at sea. From U-boats prowling the North Atlantic to the Battle of Jutland, these resources will guide you through the conflict.

World War I - The Great War
World War I consumed the globe between 1914-1918. Pitting Great Britain, France, Italy, Russia, and later, the United States, against Germany, Austria-Hungary, and the Ottoman Empire World War I redrew the map of the world and produced enormous casualties. The Treaty of Versailles, signed after the Allies victory helped lead to World War II.

World War II Warships - World War II Warships and Navies
Fought around the globe, navies played a key role in World War II. The conflict is most notable for the rise of the aircraft carrier as a fleet's most significant offensive weapon and the decline of the battleship. Here we examine the ships that dueled during the conflict.

Army Biographies of the 1900s - 20th Century Army Biographies - Army Biographies
The conflicts of the 1900s have seen the emergence of some of the greatest military minds in history. Here we examine those leaders who led their forces to victory in the 20th century.

American Civil War
The bloodiest conflict in American history, the Civil War pitted brother against brother. Use these resources to better understand how this conflict tore the nation apart and how both sides struggled to achieve victory.

Wars of the British Empire - 19th Century Wars of the British Empire
During the 19th Century, the British Empire fought numerous wars around its vast territiories. From India to Africa and beyond, we examine those conflicts here.

American Civil War Biographies - American Civil War Biographies Generals - American Civil War Biographies Union and Confederate
Here you will find information about the Union and Confederate commanders who guided forces during the American Civil War.

Mexican-American War
A border war that dramatically increased the size of the United States and made heroes of Zachary Taylor and Winfield Scott, here we examine the 1846-1848 conflict between the United States and Mexico.

Texas Revolution - 1835 1836 Texas Revolution
The Texas Revolution was fought in 1835 and 1836 between the residents of Texas and Mexico. Featuring memorable battles such as the Alamo, we examine the Texan struggle for independence here.

World War I Aircraft - Aviation During World War I - Fighters and Bombers of World War I - World War I Planes
World War I saw the first large-scale use of aircraft in combat. Beginning the conflict as fragile planes used for reconnaissance, aircraft evolved into high-perfomance fighters and bombers by war's end in 1918.

World War II Aircraft - Fighters and Bombers of World War II - Aviation During World War II
During World War II military aircraft evolved from piston-engine fighters to sleek jets. The confict also saw the widespread use of strategic bombing and the first use of the atom bomb.

American Revolution -Revolutionary War - American Revolution Battles - Revolutionary War Battles
Fought between 1775 and 1783, the American Revolution saw the Thirteen Colonies gain their independence from Great Britain. Here we look at the battles that led to the American victory.

French and Indian War - French and Indian War Seven Years' War - British and French and Indian War
Fought between 1754 and 1763, the French & Indian War saw the British and French battle for control of North America. The conflict soon spread and consumed Europe as well where it was known as the Seven Years' War.

War of 1812 - War of 1812 History
The War of 1812 was fought 1812-1815 between the United States and Great Britain. Sparked by issues of trade, maritime rights, and territorial expansionism, the war saw the two nations battle at sea, along the Canadian border, and on the frontier. Effectively a stalemate, the war ended with the Treaty of Ghent which dictated a return to status quo ante bellum.

Army Biographies of the 1800s - 19th Century Army Biographies - Army Biographies
The conflicts of the 1800s saw the emergence of some of the greatest military innovators in history. Here we examine those leaders who led their forces to victory in the 19th century.

Aerial Campaigns
An examination of aerial campaigns throughout military history.

Industrial Mobilization in Wartime
In wartime, nations must turn their full industrial strength to building the tools necessary for victory. Here we examine how industries have retooled and focused their full energy on supporting the military.

Military Strategy
In creating a plan for war, leaders must assess the situation and discover their enemy's weaknesses. Examine these resources for information on history's greatest military minds and the strategies they employed.

Military Training
Military training has evolved greatly through the centuries. Here we examine what it takes to become an effective soldier or sailor.

Napoleonic Wars - French Revolutionary Wars - French Revolution and Napoleon Bonaparte - Wars of the French Revolution - Defeat of Napoleon
Fought between 1792 and 1815, the French Revolutionary Wars and the Napoleonic Wars consumed Western Europe. Fought between France and various coalitions of Britain, Prussia, Austria, Russia, and Portugal, the wars saw the rise and fall of Napoleon Bonaparte. The conflicts came to an end following his defeat at Waterloo in 1815.

War and Society
From drawing women into factories for the first time to uniting generations, war has the powerful ability to change and reshape society. These resources will aid in understanding how war has affected our everyday lives.

War of the Spanish Succession - War of the Spanish Succession Duke of Marlborough - War of the Spanish Succession Grand Alliance
Fought between 1701 and 1714, the War of the Spanish Succession saw a coalition of European nations combine to block a French succession to the Spanish throne.

Korean War - The Korean War
The Korean War was fought between 1950 and 1953 between South Korea and United Nations forces and North Korea and China. The Korean War began when North Korea invaded its neighbor in June 1950. Over the next three years, the Korean War saw both sides fight up and down the peninsula until an armistice took effect in July 1953.

Naval Battles 1900 to Today
Naval warfare and battles have changed dramatically in the last century. These resources will aid in following the changes in naval warfare from 1900 to the modern day.

Afghanistan
A troubled country for several decades, Afghanistan is again on the front lines. Here we will examine the current conflict in Afghanistan from its beginnings after 9/11 to the present day.

Iraq War
With combat operations in Iraq ongoing, follow the story and watch current events become military history.

Naval Battles 1200-1400 - Naval Battles in the Medieval World - Naval Battles in the Middle Ages
In this area, we examine naval battles from 1200-1400. Use these resources to better understand wars at sea in the medieval world.

North Korea Nuclear Weapons
With North Korea threatening to develop nuclear weapons, use these resources to better understand the situation.

Tactics
While strategy often decides campaigns, it is tactics that can decide battles. Here we examine the techniques used by leaders and soldiers to defeat their enemies on the battlefield.

Battles and Wars 1601-1800
An overview of the battles and wars of the 17th and 18th centuries. These battles and wars saw the rise of professional armies and the growth of worldwide empires.

Battles and Wars From the Ancient World to 1000
From the Battle of Megiddo through Charlemagne, here we examine wars and battles from the ancient world to 1000.

Artillery and Siege Weapons
Armies have always sought ways to attack their enemies from afar and to batter down defenses. Since the earliest days, weapons such as catapults and rams, and later cannon and modern artillery, have been employed to accomplish this mission.

Battles and Wars from 1000 to 1200 - Conflict Between 1000 and 1200
From the Battle of Hastings to the First Crusade, the period between 1000 and 1200 was marked by conflict around the globe. In this section we explore this time of turmoil.

Naval Battles from 1400 to 1600 - War at Sea 1400 to 1600 - Evolution of Naval Warfare from 1400 to 1600
The period between 1400 and 1600 saw the shift from unwieldy warships meant for conducting infantry battles at sea to large, purpose-built, sailing men-of-war featuring cannon mounted in broadside. Notable engagements of the period include the Battle of Lepanto and the Spanish Armada.

Naval Battles Antiquity to 1200
In this area, we examine naval battles from antiquity through 1200. Use these resources to better understand naval battles in the ancient and early medieval worlds.

Small Arms, Guns, and Personal Weapons
The principle weapon of any fighting force is the arms carried by its individual soldiers. Explore how small arms have evolved from the spear to modern automatic weapons.

Military History Timeline - Timeline of Military History - Wars Through the Ages - Military History Through the Centuries - Battles Through the Ages
Gain a quick overview of military history with this timeline that traces battles and wars through the ages.

Vehicles, Tanks, and Armor
Vehicles have always played a key role on the battlefield, whether it is tanks delivering a telling blow or trucks transporting badly needed supplies. Here we examine those vehicles that have made an impact on the outcome of conflicts.

Military Acronyms and Abbreviations
All branches of the military use a variety of acronyms and abbreviations. To help make sense of the sea of letters explore these resources.

Air Force Leaders & Pioneers
Here you will find information about aviation leaders and pioneers from throughout military history. Read more about famous aces like Eddie Rickenbacker and Erich Hartmann, as well as commanders such as Billy Mitchell and Sir Arthur

Army Leaders & Pioneers
Here you will find information about army leaders and pioneers from throughout military history. Read more about famous commanders from Themistocles to George S. Patton.

Battles and Wars 1900s
From the Second Boer War to the War in the Gulf, this is where you will find information about the battles and wars of the 20th century.

Military Records and Genealogy
Whether you are trying to learn if an ancestor served in the Civil War or the War of 1812 or attempting to find out more about soldiers from your area, check out these links for information about military records.

Military Terminology
With a host of specialized terminology, military history can sometimes be challenging to grasp. These resources will help clarify military jargon and make it easier to understand.

Naval Battles 1600-1800 - Naval Warfare
Naval battles and warfare changed dramatically in the period between 1600 and 1800. These resources will aid in better understanding naval battle during this period.

Naval Battles 1800s
An examination of naval battles in the 19th century.

Battles and Wars 1401-1600
From the Hundred Years War to the Spanish Armada, the period between 1401-1600 witnessed some of history's greatest conflicts and technological revolutions.

Conflicts: Battles and Wars
Battles and wars throughout time have had a significant impact on the course of history, shaping much of today's world. From the earliest battles in ancient Mesopotamia to today's conflict in Iraq, the resources here will help you see the effect of war on history.

Military Weapons, Equipment, and Vehicles
Few things accelerate technological change like warfare, as the side with the most advanced weapons often triumphs in battle. In this section, examine the weapons and vehicles that had a major impact on the battlefield and ultimately changed history.

Aviation in Military History
Follow the ascent of military aviation from the first observation balloons to the Battle of Britain to today's ultra-modern fighter aircraft. See how the newest of the world's armed forces has already left a lasting impact on the history of warfare.

Battles and Wars 1800s
The 19th century saw some of the most influential battles and wars of all time, many of which helped draw the map of the modern world. Here we examine conflicts from Napoleon to the Spanish American War.

Military Terminology and Jargon
Military history has a language all its own, from abatis to ZULU time to an alphabet soup of acronyms. When you need help cutting through the jargon, try this set of resources.

Naval Warfare & Warships
Control of the seas has always played a key role in deciding the outcome of wars. Explore how naval warfare has changed from the triremes of ancient Greece to Britain's

Current Wars and Conflicts
Like all history, military history is an ongoing story, one that grows daily with each bullet fired or bomb detonated. Explore here for information about recent and ongoing wars.

Home Front
Not all facets of war occur on the battlefield. Many of the most enduring aspects of conflict take place on the home front in the form of industrial mobilization or social change. These resources will aid in exploring the war away from the war.

Soldiers and Sailors History, Training, and Motivation
An armed service is only as strong as the troops who fill the ranks. Step into line and see what drives these brave men and women as they share their stories from the front..

Military Strategy and Tactics
While it is important for a military to possess advanced weapons, it is equally important that they know how to employ them effectively. Here we will examine the strategy and tactics that have led to history's greatest triumphs and disasters.

World War II
The most cataclysmic conflict in history, World War II reshaped the globe and laid the foundation for the modern world. Use these links to follow the action from the invasion of Poland to the dropping of the atom bomb.

General Thomas Stonewall Jackson - Confederate Generals - Civil War - Valley Campaign
The Confederate Army employed hundreds of generals during the Civil War. This gallery provides an overview of several of the key Confederate generals who contributed to the Southern cause and helped guide its armies throughout the war. This photo shows Lieutenant General Thomas

Mitsubishi G4M Betty - Bombers of World War II - Mitsubishi G4M and Japanese World War II Bombers - Photos of Mitsubishi G4M Bettys - G4M Photographs
The first major war to feature widespread bombing, World War II produced a variety of bombers of all shapes and sizes. While some nations such as the United States and Great Britain built long-range, four-engine aircraft, others chose to focus on smaller, medium bombers. This gallery will provide an overview of some the bombers used during the conflict. Page 10.

Mitsubishi Ki-21 Sally - Bombers of World War II - Mitsubishi Ki-21 and Japanese World War II - Mitsubishi Ki-21 Photos - Photographs of Ki-21 Sally
The first major war to feature widespread bombing, World War II produced a variety of bombers of all shapes and sizes. While some nations such as the United States and Great Britain built long-range, four-engine aircraft, others chose to focus on smaller, medium bombers. This gallery will provide an overview of some the bombers used during the conflict. Page 6.

Great White Fleet: USS Vermont (BB-20)
Commissioned in 1907, USS Vermont (BB-20) saw service with the Great White Fleet and in World War I.

American Revolution - American Revolution New York Philadelphia and Saratoga Campaigns
In 1776, the American Revolution shifted to New York as the British launched as successful campaign to take the city. This was followed the next year by the capture of Philadelphia. With Gen. George Washington's forces in the Mid-Atlantic battered, the northern American army was able to defeat and capture a British army at Saratoga which secured an alliance with France.

American Revolution - American Revolution New York Philadelphia and Saratoga Campaigns
In 1776, the American Revolution shifted to New York as the British launched as successful campaign to take the city. This was followed the next year by the capture of Philadelphia. With Gen. George Washington's forces in the Mid-Atlantic battered, the northern American army was able to defeat and capture a British army at Saratoga which secured an alliance with France. Page 2.

American Revolution - American Revolution New York Philadelphia and Saratoga Campaigns
In 1776, the American Revolution shifted to New York as the British launched as successful campaign to take the city. This was followed the next year by the capture of Philadelphia. With Gen. George Washington's forces in the Mid-Atlantic battered, the northern American army was able to defeat and capture a British army at Saratoga which secured an alliance with France. Page 3.

Military History Timeline - 17th and 18th Century Military History Timeline - 1600s and 1700s Military History Timeline
A military history timeline of the 17th and 18th centuries. Page 2.

American Civil War - American Civil War in the East
The first two years of the American Civil War in the east were marked by a string of Confederate victories and the rise of Robert E. Lee. The Union employed a succession of generals in numerous attempts to capture Richmond and achieve victory in the Civil War. Page 2.

American Civil War-American Civil War in the East
The first two years of the American Civil War in the east were marked by a string of Confederate victories and the rise of Robert E. Lee. The Union employed a succession of generals in numerous attempts to capture Richmond and achieve victory in the Civil War. Page 3.

American Civil War - American Civil War Eastern Theater 1862 to 1863
The first two years of the American Civil War in the east were marked by a string of Confederate victories and the rise of Robert E. Lee. The Union employed a succession of generals in numerous attempts to capture Richmond and achieve victory in the Civil War.

Union States at Battle of Gettysburg - Union Troops By State at the Battle of Gettysburg - Pennsylvania Monuments at the Battle of Gettysburg
During the Battle of Gettysburg the Army of the Potomac consisted of troops from eighteen states as well as the regular US Army. While Pennsylvania and New York contributed the most, troops from as far west as Minnesota took part in the fighting. During the Battle of Gettysburg this force suffered 23,055 casualties. Page 17.

World War II: ABDA Forces Retreat from the Java Sea
February 28, 1942 - American-British-Dutch-Australian forces retreat from the Battle of the Java Sea. With Japanese forces approaching Java, Dutch Rear

Second Boer War: Boers Surrender at Paardeberg
February 27, 1900 - Boer commanders surrender to the British ending the Battle of Paardeberg. Following the British relief of Kimberley on February 15, 1900,

American Civil War - American Civil War Eastern Theater 1863 to 1865
The last two years of the American Civil War in the Eastern Theater were largely focused on the struggle between Union Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant and Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee. Beginning in May 1864, Grant launched the brutal Overland Campaign designed to capture Richmond and grind down Lee's army. The Civil War in the Eastern Theater ended in April 1865, when Grant finally compelled Lee to surrender at Appomattox Court House.

American Civil War in the East 1863 to 1865 - Civil War in Virginia 1863 to 1865
The last two years of the American Civil War in the Eastern Theater were largely focused on the struggle between Union Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant and Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee. Beginning in May 1864, Grant launched the brutal Overland Campaign designed to capture Richmond and grind down Lee's army. The Civil War in the Eastern Theater ended in April 1865, when Grant finally compelled Lee to surrender at Appomattox Court House. Page 2.

American Civil War in the East 1863 to 1865 - Civil War in Virginia 1863 to 1865
The last two years of the American Civil War in the Eastern Theater were largely focused on the struggle between Union Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant and Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee. Beginning in May 1864, Grant launched the brutal Overland Campaign designed to capture Richmond and grind down Lee's army. The Civil War in the Eastern Theater ended in April 1865, when Grant finally compelled Lee to surrender at Appomattox Court House. Page 3.

Great White Fleet: USS Louisiana (BB-19)
USS Louisiana (BB-19) was a Connecticut-class battleship that entered service in 1906 and sailed with the Great White Fleet before taking part in World War I.

Mexican-American War: John Wool Born
Major General John Wool was an American commander that saw service during the War of 1812, Mexican-American War, and the Civil War.

Military Aviation: Billy Mitchell Dies
February 19, 1936 - Military aviation pioneer Brig. Gen. Billy Mitchell (right) dies in New York City.  The son a weathy senator from Wisconsin, Mitchell

World War II: Corregidor Retaken
The Battle of Corregidor was fought February 16-26, 1945, during World War II and saw American forces retake the island.

World War II: USS Wasp (CV-18)
USS Wasp (CV-18) was an Essex-class aircraft carrier that entered service in 1943 and saw extensive service in World War II and remained in the fleet until 1972.

American Revolution: Victory at Kettle Creek
The Battle of Kettle Creek was fought February 14, 1779, and saw American forces scatter Loyalist militia in northern Georgia.

Great White Fleet: USS Rhode Island (BB-17)
USS Rhode Island (BB-17) was a Virginia-class battleship that took part in the cruise of the Great White Fleet and World War I before being sold for scrap in 1923.

Russo-Japanese War: Japan Attack at Port Arthur
February 8/9, 1904 - The Japanese begin the Battle of Port Arthur (right). On the night of February 8/9, 1904, Admiral Togo Heihachiro opened the

American Revolution: Treaty of Alliance Signed
February 6, 1778 - The Treaty of Alliance (right) between the United States and France is signed in Paris. Dispatched to Paris in late 1776, American

World War II: Johnson Dies
January 30, 2001 - Noted British ace Air Vice Marshal James Johnnie Johnson (right) dies. Entering the Royal Air Force through the Royal Air Force

Great White Fleet: USS New Jersey (BB-16)
USS New Jersey (BB-16) entered service in 1906 and took part in the cruise of the Great White Fleet and later served in World War I.

Warship History
While navies have sailed the world's oceans since before ancient Greece, some ships stand out for their technological advances, notable records in combat, or ill-fated demises. Find out more about some of these unique vessels.

Franco-Prussian War: Paris Surrenders
January 28, 1871 - After enduring four and a half months of siege (left), Paris surrenders to Prussian forces. Following the French defeat at Sedan in

Vietnam War: Grumman A-6 Intruder
The Grumman A-6 Intruder was an all-weather attack fighter used by the US Navy and Marine Corps from the 1960s to the 1990s which saw extensive service during the Vietnam War and Gulf War.

Civil War 150th: Porter at Arkansas Post
January 11, 1863 - RAdm. David D. Porter (right) aids in the attack on Arkansas Post. The son of War of 1812 hero and commander of the Mexican Navy

World War II Admirals - Top 5 World War II Admirals
World War II saw the rise of great admirals in each of the combatant nations. Here we profile five of the best admirals to command fleets during the conflict.

War of 1812 - War of 1812 History 1813
The second year of the War of 1812 saw the British tighten their blockade of the American coast, penning in the US Navy. In the west, American forces won the Battle of Lake Erie and the Battle of the Thames. Elsewhere, the War of 1812 did not go as well as American forces failed to achieve meaningful results on the Niagara and Lake Champlain fronts.

War of 1812 - War of 1812 History 1813
The second year of the War of 1812 saw the British tighten their blockade of the American coast, penning in the US Navy. In the west, American forces won the Battle of Lake Erie and the Battle of the Thames. Elsewhere, the War of 1812 did not go as well as American forces failed to achieve meaningful results on the Niagara and Lake Champlain fronts. Page 3.

French and Indian War - French and Indian War Seven Year' War
The French & Indian/Seven Years' War continued in 1758 and 1759 with the British winning victories in North America, most notably at Quebec. In Europe, the Duke of Brunswick ably defended Hanover, while Frederick the Great fought a series of battles with the Austrians and Russians. At sea, the Royal Navy won key victories at Quiberon Bay and Lagos. Page 2.

French and Indian War - French and Indian War Seven Year' War
The French & Indian/Seven Years' War continued in 1758 and 1759 with the British winning victories in North America, most notably at Quebec. In Europe, the Duke of Brunswick ably defended Hanover, while Frederick the Great fought a series of battles with the Austrians and Russians. At sea, the Royal Navy won key victories at Quiberon Bay and Lagos. Page 3.

French and Indian War - French and Indian War Seven Year' War
The French & Indian/Seven Years' War began to wind down between 1760 and 1763. While the Duke of Brunswick ably defended Hanover, Frederick the Great and Prussia battled for survival. The French & Indian/Seven Years' War concluded in 1763 with the Treaty of Paris.

French and Indian War - French and Indian War Seven Year' War
The French & Indian/Seven Years' War began to wind down between 1760 and 1763. While the Duke of Brunswick ably defended Hanover, Frederick the Great and Prussia battled for survival. The French & Indian/Seven Years' War concluded in 1763 with the Treaty of Paris. Page 2.

French & Indian War - French & Indian War Aftermath
The French & Indian/Seven Years' War ended with the Treaty of Paris between Britain and France and the Treaty of Hubertusburg between Prussia and Austria. The Treaty of Paris saw the transfer of Canada and Florida to Britain, while Spain received Louisiana and had Cuba returned. The separate Treaty of Hubertusburg led to a return to status quo ante bellum.

War of 1812 - War of 1812 History 1814
The War of 1812 continued in 1814 with a new campaign along the Niagara frontier which saw American forces have some success. To the east, the Americans repulsed a British thrust down Lake Champlain. Attacking up the Chesapeake, the British burned Washington DC before being turned back at Baltimore by Fort McHenry.

War of 1812 - War of 1812 History 1814
The War of 1812 continued in 1814 with a new campaign along the Niagara frontier which saw American forces have some success. To the east, the Americans repulsed a British thrust down Lake Champlain. Attacking up the Chesapeake, the British burned Washington DC before being turned back at Baltimore by Fort McHenry. Page 2.

War of 1812 - War of 1812 History 1814
The War of 1812 continued in 1814 with a new campaign along the Niagara frontier which saw American forces have some success. To the east, the Americans repulsed a British thrust down Lake Champlain. Attacking up the Chesapeake, the British burned Washington DC before being turned back at Baltimore by Fort McHenry. Page 3.

War of 1812 - War of 1812 History
The War of 1812 came to an official conclusion with the Treaty of Ghent on Christmas Eve 1814. The terms of the treaty called for a return to status quo ante bellum and it was ratified by the Senate in early 1815. Due to the slowness of communication, some fighting, such as the Battle of New Orleans, took place after peace had been concluded.

War of 1812 - War of 1812 History
The War of 1812 came to an official conclusion with the Treaty of Ghent on Christmas Eve 1814. The terms of the treaty called for a return to status quo ante bellum and it was ratified by the Senate in early 1815. Due to the slowness of communication, some fighting, such as the Battle of New Orleans, took place after peace had been concluded. Page 2.

French and Indian War - French and Indian War 1756-1757
In 1756, the French & Indian War expanded into the Seven Years' War as the conflict spread to Europe. While Prussia allied with Britain, France joined with Austria and Russia. While Frederick the Great won victories on the Continent, the French gained the upper hand in North America.

French and Indian War - French and Indian War 1756-1757
In 1756, the French & Indian War expanded into the Seven Years' War as the conflict spread to Europe. While Prussia allied with Britain, France joined with Austria and Russia. While Frederick the Great won victories on the Continent, the French gained the upper hand in North America. Page 2.

French and Indian War - French and Indian War 1756-1757
In 1756, the French & Indian War expanded into the Seven Years' War as the conflict spread to Europe. While Prussia allied with Britain, France joined with Austria and Russia. While Frederick the Great won victories on the Continent, the French gained the upper hand in North America. Page 3.

French and Indian War - French and Indian War Seven Year' War
The French & Indian/Seven Years' War continued in 1758 and 1759 with the British winning victories in North America, most notably at Quebec. In Europe, the Duke of Brunswick ably defended Hanover, while Frederick the Great fought a series of battles with the Austrians and Russians. At sea, the Royal Navy won key victories at Quiberon Bay and Lagos.

American Revolution - Early Campaigns of the American Revolution
The American Revolution began with the first shots at Battle of Lexington in April 1775. With the colonies in open rebellion, fighting spread and early campaigns included an attempt to invade Canada. Around Boston, the American Revolution continued with the Battle of Bunker Hill and arrival of General George Washington.

American Revolution: Early Campaigns
The American Revolution began with the first shots at Battle of Lexington in April 1775. With the colonies in open rebellion, fighting spread and early campaigns included an attempt to invade Canada. Around Boston, the American Revolution continued with the Battle of Bunker Hill and arrival of General George Washington. Page 2.

Mexican American War - Mexican American War Scott's Campaign to Mexico City
A history of US General Winfield Scott's 1847 campaign to capture Mexico City.

The Mexican-American War
Fought 1846-1848, the Mexican-American War changed the landscape of North America and laid the groundwork for the Civil War.

The Mexican-American War
Fought 1846-1848, the Mexican-American War changed the landscape of North America and laid the groundwork for the Civil War. Page 2.

The Mexican-American War
Fought 1846-1848, the Mexican-American War changed the landscape of North America and laid the groundwork for the Civil War. Page 3.

The Mexican-American War
Fought 1846-1848, the Mexican-American War changed the landscape of North America and laid the groundwork for the Civil War. Page 4.

The Mexican-American War
Fought 1846-1848, the Mexican-American War changed the landscape of North America and laid the groundwork for the Civil War. Page 5.

Mexican American War - Mexican American War in the West
An overview of operations in far west during the Mexican-American War.

Vietnam War
A short, operational history of the Vietnam War from its origins in the end of World War II to the fall of Saigon.

Vietnam War
A short, operational history of the Vietnam War from its origins in the end of World War II to the fall of Saigon. Page 2.

Vietnam War
A short, operational history of the Vietnam War from its origins in the end of World War II to the fall of Saigon. Page 3.

Vietnam War
A short, operational history of the Vietnam War from its origins in the end of World War II to the fall of Saigon. Page 4.

Vietnam War
A short, operational history of the Vietnam War from its origins in the end of World War II to the fall of Saigon. Page 5.

World War 1 - World War 1 1914 Opening Campaigns
With the outbreak of World War I, the European powers began mobilizing their armies. Attacking through Belgium, Germany struck France and after initial success was halted at the Battle of the Marne. In the east, the Russians were defeated by the Germans at Tannenburg, but won a victory over the Austrians in Galicia.

World War 1 - World War 1 1914 Opening Campaigns
With the outbreak of World War I, the European powers began mobilizing their armies. Attacking through Belgium, Germany struck France and after initial success was halted at the Battle of the Marne. In the east, the Russians were defeated by the Germans at Tannenburg, but won a victory over the Austrians in Galicia. Page 2.

World War 1 - World War 1 1914 Opening Campaigns
With the outbreak of World War I, the European powers began mobilizing their armies. Attacking through Belgium, Germany struck France and after initial success was halted at the Battle of the Marne. In the east, the Russians were defeated by the Germans at Tannenburg, but won a victory over the Austrians in Galicia. Page 3.

Eastern Front in World War II - Germans and Soviets on the Eastern Front - Soviet Victory on the Eastern Front
Expanding World War II in Europe by invading the Soviet Union in June 1941, Hitler opened a second front that would consume massive amounts of German manpower and resources. After achieving stunning success in the early months of the campaign, the attack stalled and the Soviets began to slowly push the Germans back. On May 2, 1945, the Soviets captured Berlin helping to end World War II in Europe. Page 2.

World War 1 - 1915 World War 1 History
World War I was raging in 1915 as both sides sought to achieve a breakthrough that would lead to victory. With the Western Front locked in trench warfare, the Allies launched costly offensives to no avail. In the East, the Central Powers made great strides against Russia while in the south Italy joined the war on the Allied side.