Military History Sitemap - Page 5 2015-11-29
USS Independence (CVL-22) - World War II
USS Independence (CVL-22) was the lead ship of its class of light aircraft carriers and saw active service in the Pacific during World War II.
USS Boxer (CV-21) - Korean War
USS Boxer (CV-21) was an Essex-class aircraft carrier built during World War II which later saw significant action during the Korean War.
Battleships - US Navy
Beginning in 1895 with USS Indiana, the US Navy worked to build a fleet of battleships to project its naval power. The type remained the service's chief capital ship until World War II.
Iowa-class (BB-61 to BB-64)
The Iowa-class was the final battleship design built by the US Navy and entered service in 1943.
John Bell Hood Biography - Civil War General
John Bell Hood was a notable Confederate commander during the Civil War. Hood served in both the East and West, developing a reputation an aggressive leader. Wounded several times, Hood led the Army of Tennessee to its destruction in 1864.
Connecticut-class (BB-18 to BB-22, BB-25)
Consisting of six ships, the Connecticut-class entered service in 1906 and carried four 12
Delaware-class (BB-28 to BB-29)
The Delaware-class of battleship entered commission in 1910 and mounted ten 12
Florida-class (BB-30 to BB-31)
The Florida-class entered service in 1911 and carried ten 12
Mississippi-class (BB-23 to BB-24)
The Mississippi-class consisted of two ships, this type was smaller than its predecessors and carried four 12
Nevada-class (BB-36 to BB-37)
The first of the Standard-type battleships, the Nevada-class entered service in 1916 and carried ten 14
New Mexico-class (BB-40 to BB-42)
The New Mexico-class was a Standard-type battleship that carried twelve 14
New York-class (BB-34 to BB-35)
The New York-class entered service in 1914 and was armed with ten 14
Pennsylvania-class (BB-38 to BB-39)
The Pennsylvania-class was a Standard-type battleship that carried twelve 14
South Carolina-class (BB-26 to BB-27)
The US Navy's first dreadnought battleships, the South Carolina-class entered service in 1910 and mounted eight 12
Virginia-class (BB-13 to BB-
The Virginia-class entered service in 1906 and consisted of five ship carrying four 12
Wyoming-class (BB-32 to BB-33)
The Wyoming-class mounted twelve 12
Colorado-class (BB-45 to BB-48)
The Colorado-class entered service in 1923 and was armed with eight 16
Illinois-class (BB-7 to BB-9)
The Illinois-class (BB-7 to BB-9) entered service in 1901 and consisted of three ships carrying four 13
The Indiana- and Iowa-classes were early types of battleships built by the US Navy.
Kearsarge-class (BB-5 to BB-6)
Entering service in 1900, the two ship Kearsarge-class mounted four 13
Maine-class (BB-10 to BB-12)
The three-ship Maine-class of battleship entered commission in 1902 and mounted four 12
North Carolina-class (BB-55 to BB-56)
The North Carolina-class mounted nine 16
South Dakota-class (BB-49 to BB-54)
The South Dakota-class was intended to carry an armament of twelve 16
South Dakota-class (BB-57 to BB-60)
The South Dakota-class entered service in 1942 and mounted nine 16
Tennessee-class (BB-43 to BB-44)
The Tennessee-class was a Standard-type battleship which carried twelve 14
Operation Manna-Chowhound - World War II Operation Manna-Chowhound
Operations Manna and Chowhound were launched in April-May 1945, in an effort to alleviate starvation in the Netherlands. Flown by the RAF and US Army Air Force, Manna-Chowhound missions dropped food over occupied areas. Concluding May 8, the operations provided over 10,000 tons of food.
American Revolution: The Battle of Germantown
The Battle of Germantown was the second major battle of the 1777 Philadelphia Campaign. Fought on October 4, 1777, the Battle of Germantown saw General George Washington attempt a series of complicated attacks against British positions around Germantown, PA. During the assault, his men became lost in the fog and the attacks were defeated.
American Revolution: Battle of Long Island
Fought August 27-30, 1776, the Battle of Long Island saw the British force Gen. George Washington's army from Long Island. Occupying a line near Flatbush, the Americans were outflanked when British troops move through Jamaica Pass. Falling back, Washington waited two days before evacuating to Manhattan.
Biography of American Revolution General Nathanael Greene
A native of Rhode Island, General Nathanael Greene served in the Continental Army during the American Revolution. After several years with General George Washington's army, Greene was given command of Continental forces in the South. Fighting a brilliant campaign, Greene reclaimed much of the Carolinas by the war's end.
The Battle of Trenton (1776) - American Revolution
The Battle of Trenton was fought December 26, 1776, during the American Revolution. The Battle of Trenton occurred when American troops under Gen. George Washington crossed the Delaware River and launched a surprise attack on the Hessian garrison. A much-needed American victory, Trenton saw Washington capture most of the enemy force.
American Revolution - American Revolution Southern Campaigns
Following the Battle of Monmouth, the American Revolution shifted south as British forces attempted to subjugate the southern colonies. Though able to take the coastal cities, the British were forced to fight a costly and losing campaign inland. After a series of battles, British forces under Gen. Charles Cornwallis was forced to retreat north. Page 2.
Southern Campaigns - American Revolutionary War
Following the Battle of Monmouth, the American Revolution shifted south as British forces attempted to subjugate the southern colonies.
Major General Horatio Gates - American Revolution
Major General Horatio Gates was an American commander during the American Revolution. A veteran of the French & Indian War, Horatio Gates later led Amerocan forces at the key Battle of Saratoga. Assigned to command the Southern Department, Horatio Gates was badly defeated at Camden in 1780 and relieved of his post.
John French - World War I - Field Marshal French - Earl of Ypres
Field Marshal John French was a British commander during the early part of World War I. Entering the British Army in 1874, John French rose to prominence during the Second Boer War and later served as Chief of the Imperial General Staff. With the beginning of World War I, John French became the commander of the British Expeditionary Force, a post he held until December 1915.
World War I: First Battle of Ypres Overview
The First Battle of Ypres was fought October 19 to November 22, 1914, during World War I. The First Battle of Ypres took place as the Allies sought to protect the Channel ports and Germany sought to turn the enemy's flank. After heavy fighting during the First Battle of Ypres, the Allies succeeded in holding the town.
Philippe Petain - Marshal Philippe Petain
Marshal Philippe Petain was a key French commander during World War I. Philippe Petain is best known for his leadership during the Battle of Verdun. During World War II, Philippe Petain became disgraced as he led the collaborationist Vichy French government.
Sergeant Alvin York Biography - World War I
Alvin C. York was a noted American soldier during World War I. On October 8, 1918, during the Meuse-Argonne Offensive, York captured 132 Germans single-handedly. For his achievement, Alvin York was awarded the Medal of Honor and became a national hero.
Operation Cobra - Normandy Invasion - World War II
Operation Cobra was conducted from July 25 to 31, 1944, during World War II. Operation Cobra saw Allied forces concentrate for a breakout from the Normandy beachhead. Breaking through the German lines, Operation Cobra led to maneuver warfare in northern France and the creation of the Falaise Pocket.
World War II: Field Marshal Walter Model
Field Marshal Walter Model was a noted German commander during World War II. A veteran of World War I, Walter Model saw action in Poland and France before becoming one of Germany's leading commanders on the Eastern Front. Brought west in 1944, Walter Model led troops during the Battle of the Bulge and ultimately committed suicide rather than surrender when surrounded in the Ruhr the following year.
Battle of the Falaise Pocket - World War II
The Battle of the Falaise Pocket was fought in August 1944 and saw German forces in Normandy crushed and forced to retreat across France.
World War II Operation Vengeance (Death of Yamamoto)
Operation Vengeance was conducted on April 18, 1943, and resulted in the death of Adm. Isoroku Yamamoto. Utilizing signals intelligence, the Allies planned Operation Vengeance after learning that Yamamoto would be flying through the Solomons. Flying from Guadalcanal, a flight of P-38s intercepted and downed Yamamoto's aircraft killing the admiral.
World War II: Fighting in North Africa and Italy
Following the fall of France, the fighting in World War II in Europe shifted to the sands of North Africa. Battling the famed
World War II Europe: Fighting in North Africa, Sicily, and Italy
Following the fall of France, the fighting in World War II in Europe shifted to the sands of North Africa. Battling the famed
World War II: Fighting in North Africa, Sicily and Italy, 1942-1944
An account of some WWII battles following the fall of France, including the Second Battle of El Alamein in North Africa and Operation Husky in Sicily. Page 2.
World War II: Blitzkrieg - Phony War to Fall of France
Following the outbreak of World War II after the invasion of Poland, Great Britain and France remained on the defensive. After defeating the Allies in Norway, the Germans launched a massive assault, sweeping through the Low Countries and France and forcing British troops to evacuate across the Channel. Standing alone, Britain successfully beat off German air attacks during the Battle of Britain.
World War II - Battle of Britain - German Defeat of France in World War II
Following the outbreak of World War II after the invasion of Poland, Great Britain and France remained on the defensive. After defeating the Allies in Norway, the Germans launched a massive assault, sweeping through the Low Countries and France and forcing British troops to evacuate across the Channel. Standing alone, Britain successfully beat off German air attacks during the Battle of Britain. Page 2.
Causes of World War II
The causes of World War II in Europe can be traced to the Treaty of Versailles which ended World War I. As a result of economic hardship imposed by the treaty, as well as the Great Depression, Germany embraced the fascist Nazi Party. Led by Adolf Hitler, the Nazis took control of the country and began a program of expansion that culminated with the invasion of Poland on September 1, 1939 and caused World War II to begin.
Causes of World War II - the Failure of Appeasement
The causes of World War II in Europe can be traced to the Treaty of Versailles which ended World War I. As a result of economic hardship imposed by the treaty, as well as the Great Depression, Germany embraced the fascist Nazi Party. Led by Adolf Hitler, the Nazis took control of the country and began a program of expansion that culminated with the invasion of Poland on September 1, 1939 and caused World War II to begin. Page 2.
Siege of Leningrad - World War II - Eastern Front
The Siege of Leningrad took place from September 8, 1941 to January 27, 1944, during World War II. Lasting 872 days, the Siege of Leningrad saw large numbers of casualties on both sides. Despite several assaults, the Germans were unable to bring the Siege of Leningrad to a successful conclusion.
Battle of Moscow - World War II - Operation Barbarossa
The Battle of Moscow began on October 2, 1941 and ended on January 7, 1942. In the Battle of Moscow, German forces launched Operation Typhoon to take the city but were turned back. The Battle of Moscow concluded with a Soviet counterattack which pushed the Germans back from the city.
World War II - Battle of the Seelow Heights
The Battle of the Seelow Heights was fought in April 1945 during World War II. Approaching Berlin, the Battle of Seelow Heights saw Soviet forces assault German defenses east of the city. Taking heavy losses, the Soviets broke through the Seelow Heights after three days of fighting.
Operation Torch - Invasion of North Africa
Operation Torch was launched November 8, 1942, and saw British and American forces land in North Africa. During Operation Torch, troops came ashore at Casablanca, Oran, and Algiers. Meeting mixed resistance from the Vichy French, the Torch landings saw the Allies establish a position in western North Africa.
Battle of Alam Halfa - World War II Battle of Alam Halfa - North Africa
The Battle of Alam Halfa occurred August 30-September 5, 1942, and saw British forces defeat an Axis assault in the Western Desert. Taking command of the Eighth Army, Gen. Bernard Montgomery established a strong defensive position and invited Field Marshal Erwin Rommel to attack. Moving forward, Rommel's assault was halted at Alam Halfa Ridge, ending Axis offensive efforts in the area.
First Battle of El Alamein- World War II (North Africa)
The First Battle of El Alamein was fought July 1 to 27, 1942, during World War II. Falling back from their defeat at the Battle of Gazala, British forces assumed a new defensive line inside Egypt at El Alamein. Assaulting the El Alamein position, Field Marshal Erwin Rommel was unable to break through.
World War II - the Battle of Gazala
The Battle of Gazala was fought May 26 to June 21, 1942 during the Western Desert Campaign of World War II. Attacking, Panzer Army Afrika engaged British and Free French forces along the Gazala Line. Breaking the Allied position, Gen. Erwin Rommel drove them back into Egypt.
Battle of Corregidor- 1945 - World War II - Liberation of the Philippines
The Battle of Corregidor was fought February 16-26, 1945, during World War II. Returning to the Philippines, American troops commenced the Battle of Corregidor to liberate the island which had fallen to the Japanese in May 1942. In the Battle of Corregidor, American troops landed and parachuted onto the island and overwhelmed Japanese forces.
Battle of Makin - World War II - Pacfiic Theater - Makin Atoll
The Battle of Makin was fought November 20-23, 1943, during World War II. Landing, elements of V Amphibious Corps opened the Battle of Makin and engaged the Japanese defenders. In three days of fighting, American forces won the Battle of Makin and captured the atoll.
Battle of Milne Bay - World War II - New Guinea
The Battle of Milne Bay was fought August 25 to September 7, 1942, during World War II. Landing on eastern New Guinea, the Battle of Milne Bay saw Japanese forces attempt to capture key airfields from the Allies. In the Battle of Milne Bay, Allied troops repulsed the Japanese inflicing their first major land defeat on the enemy.
Battle of Corregidor, 1942 - World War II
Japanese forces overwhelmed the heavily fortified island in Manila Bay, the last point of resistance for Allied forces during the invasion of Luzon.
Battle of Chantilly - Civil War Battle of Chantilly
The Battle of Chantilly was fought September 1, 1862, during the Northern Virginia Campaign of the Civil War. In the wake of the victory at Second Manassas, Gen. Robert E. Lee attempted to turn the Union flank at Centreville. Dispatching troops, they were checked by Union forces at Chantilly.
American Civil War: Major General Daniel Sickles
Major General Daniel Sickles was a Union commander during the Civil War. A political appointee, Daniel Sickles rose to command III Corps in the Army of the Potomac. During the Battle of Gettysburg, Daniel Sickles famously disobeyed orders and advanced his command in a manner which endangered the Union line. During the fighting, Daniel Sickles lost a leg.
Battle of Jerusalem Plank Road - American Civil War - Siege of Petersburg
The Battle of Jerusalem Plan Road was fought June 21-23, 1864, during the American Civil War. Fought during the Siege of Petersburg, the Battle of Jerusalem Plank Road saw Union forces attempt to sever the Weldon Railroad. The fighting at the Battle of Jerusalem Plank Road saw the Confederates hold the railroad but Union forces extend their siege lines west.
Major General David B. Birney - Civil War
Major General David B. Birney was a Union commander during the American Civil War who took part in many of the campaigns of the Army of the Potomac and was considered one of the conflict's more successful political generals.
World War II: Douglas SBD Dauntless
The Douglas SBD Dauntless was the US Navy's principal dive bomber during the first half of World War II. Introduced in 1940, the Dauntless play a pivotal role at the Battles of the Coral Sea and Midway. Beginning in 1943, the US Navy began replacing the SBD Dauntless with the SB2C Helldiver.
World War II - The Battle of Singapore
The Battle of Singapore was fought in early 1942 during World War II. The Battle of Singapore saw a smaller Japanese force force the surrender of Britain's strongest outpost in the Far East. Defeated at Singapore, the British lost over 100,000 men.
Battle of Anzio - World War II - Italian Campaign
The Battle of Anzio began on January 22, 1944, with Allied troops landing as part of Operation Shingle. Blocked by the Germans at Monte Cassino, Allied leaders hoped to outflank the Winter Line by landing further north at Anzio. While a beachhead was established around Anzio, it was soon contained by German forces. The Allies would not break out from Anzio until May.
Battle of Monte Cassino, Italy - World War II History
The Battle of Monte Cassino was fought January 17 to May 18, 1944, during World War II. Part of the Italian Campaign, the Battle of Monte Cassino saw German forces initially halt the Allied advance up the peninsula. After four engagements, which included the controversial destruction of Monte Cassino Abbey, the Allies succeeded in breaking through and opened the way for the capture of Rome.
World War II: Operation Dragoon Overview (1944)
Operation Dragoon was conducted August 15, 1944, as Allied troops landed in southern France. Coming ashore during Operation Dragoon, Allied forces caused German Army Group G to retreat from the region. Operation Dragoon forced the Germans to pull back to the Vosges Mountains.
Battle and Evacuation of Dunkirk (World War II)
Fighting the Battle of Dunkirk, the British Expeditionary Force struggled to hold off the German advance in order to allow Allied forces to evacuate to England. Forming a defensive perimeter around Dunkirk, British forces held out long enough to allow a wide variety of vessels to rescue over 330,000 men. Though a defeat, the success of the Dunkirk evacuation allowed Britain to continue the war.
World War II: Operation Sea Lion - Invasion of Britain, 1940
Operation Sea Lion was the German plan for the invasion of Britain. Germany hoped to launch Operation Sea Lion sometime in late 1940 following the Fall of France. After their defeat in the Battle of Britain, Germany indefinitely postponed Operation Sea Lion.
World War II: Battle of Crete
The Battle of Crete was fought from May 20 to June 1, 1941 during World War II. The Battle of Crete saw the Germans make large scale use of paratroopers during the invasion. Though a victory, the Battle of Crete saw these forces sustain such high losses that they were not used again by the Germans.
World War II - Dieppe Raid - Operation Jubilee
Launched on August 19, 1942, the Dieppe Raid was an Allied effort to capture and occupy the port of Dieppe, France for a short period. Meant to gather intelligence and test strategies for the invasion of Europe, the Dieppe Raid was a complete failure and resulted in the loss of over 50% of the troops landed. The lessons learned during the Dieppe Raid influenced later Allied amphibious operations.
B-24 Liberator - World War II History
The Consolidated B-24 Liberator was one of the principal heavy bombers used by the US Army Air Force during World War II. First flying in late 1939, the B-24 Liberator saw extensive service during the war and was also used for maritime patrols. One of the B-24's most famous raids occured in 1943, when the aircraft struck the oil fields near Ploesti.
Messerschmitt Me 262 - German World War II Jet Fighter
The Messerschmitt Me 262 was the world's first operational jet fighter. A groundbreaking aircraft, the Me 262 entered service in 1944. Though faster than Allied fighters, the Me 262 was not as maneuverable and never appeared in large enough numbers to have an impact on the war.
Battle of Cape Matapan - World War II Battle of Cape Matapan
The Battle of Cape Matapan saw British naval forces inflict a severe defeat on the Italian Regia Marina. Fighting off Cape Matapan on March 27-29, 1941, Admiral Sir Andrew Cunningham's ships sank three heavy cruisers, two destroyers, as well as badly damaged a battleship. The victory at Cape Matapan led to the Italians abandoning the eastern Mediterranean.
Towton - Battle of Towton - Wars of the Roses - Edward IV
The Battle of Towton was fought March 29, 1461, during the War of the Roses. The largest battle ever fought in Britain, Towton saw Lancastrian and Yorkist forces clash in a day-long fight. The Battle of Towton turned when Yorkist reinforcements arrived allowing them to drive off the enemy.
Warsaw Uprising - Warsaw Ghetto Uprising
The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising took place from April 19 to May 16, 1943, during World War II. In the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, the Jewos of the Warsaw Ghetto rose up against the Nazis to halt transport of residents to Treblinka. The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising was ultimately crushed by the Germans.
Operation Jaywick - World War II History
Operation Jaywick was conducted on September 26, 1943 against Japanese shipping in Singapore harbor. The Operation Jaywick team consisted of personnel from Z Force, Special Operations Australia. Infiltrating Singapore harbor, they attacked seven Japanese ships and successfully escaped.
World War II
The most cataclysmic conflict in history, World War II reshaped the globe and laid the foundation for the modern world. Use these links to follow the action from the invasion of Poland to the dropping of the atom bomb.
Battle of Kharkov - Third Battle of Kharkov
The Third Battle of Kharkov was fought between February 19 and March 15, 1943 during World War II. Counterattacking after their defeat at Stalingrad, German forces opened the Third Battle of Kharkov and drove back the Russians. The battle came to an end when German troops re-captured Kharkov.
World War II - Eastern Front - Great Patriotic War
A list of World War II battles fought on the Eastern Front.
World War II - Europe - European Theater
A list of World War II battles fought in Europe.
World War II - North Africa - War in the Desert
A list of World War II battles fought in North Africa.
World War II: Battle of Hong Kong
The Battle of Hong Kong was fought December 8-25, 1941, during World War II. Attacking Hong Kong, the Japanese were able to overwhelm the British garrison. The Battle of Hong Kong ended on December 25 with the colony's surrender and the date became known as
The Battle of Stalingrad, World War II
The Battle of Stalingrad was a key battle on the Eastern Front during World War II. Advancing into the Soviet Union, the Germans opened the Battle of Stalingrad in July 1942. After over six months of fighting at Stalingrad, the German Sixth Army was encircled and captured. The Soviet victory at Stalingrad was a turning point on the Eastern Front.
World War II: Battle of Kasserine Pass - North Africa
The Battle of Kasserine Pass was the first major clash between American and German forces during World War II. Fought February 19-25, 1943, the Battle of Kasserine Pass saw the Germans soundly defeat US troops under Maj. Gen. Lloyd Fredenhall. The defeat at Kasserine Pass led to sweeping changes in the US organization of forces and comjmand structure.
Vietnam War: The Easter Offensive
The Easter Offensive commenced on March 30, 1972, and saw North Vietnamese forces attack South Vietnam on three fronts. After achieving initial success, the offensive was turned back by South Vietnamese troops backed by the heavy application of American air power. Despite the North's defeat, the Easter Offensive captured approximately 10% of South Vietnam.
Fall of Saigon - Vietnam War Fall of Saigon
The Fall of Saigon took place on April 30, 1975, when North Vietnamese troops captured the city. The Fall of Saigon marked an end to the Vietnam War and saw the country reunited under Communist rule. During the Fall of Saigon, US aircraft conducted a massive airlift to remove personnel and friendly civilians.
Battle of Paardeberg - Second Boer War Battle of Paardeberg
The Battle of Paardeberg was fought between February 18-27, 1900, following the end of the siege of Kimberley. Retreating from Kimberly, Boer forces were intercepted by the British at Paardeberg. After direct assaults failed, the British forced the Boars to surrender after a short siege.
Battle of Spion Kop - Second Boer War Battle of Spion Kop
The Battle of Spion Kop was fought January 23-24, 1900, during the Second Boer War. British forces advancing to relieve the Siege of Ladysmith attacked Boer forces around the hill of Spion Kop. Unable to break through in the Battle of Spion Kop, they sustained heavy losses in the process.
Siege of Ladysmith - Second Boer War Siege of Ladysmith
The Siege of Ladysmith occurred during the early days of the Second Boer War. Commencing on November 2, 1899, Boer forces surrounded British positions for 118 days. The siege of Ladysmith was finally lifted on February 28, 1900, when troops under Sir Redvers Buller broke through the Boer lines.
Battle of Omdurman - Mahdist War (Horatio Kitchener)
The Battle of Omdurman resulted when the British clashed with the Mahdists on September 2, 1898. Fighting near Khartoum, Sudan, the British under Lord Horatio Kitchener deployed modern weapons and decimated Abdullah al-Taashi's men at the Battle of Omdurman. The victory at the Battle of Omdurman reasserted British power in eastern Africa.
Anglo Zanzibar War - Shortest Conflict in History
Occurring from approximately 9:00-9:45 AM on August 27, 1896, the Anglo-Zanzibar War is widely believed to be the shortest war in history. Fought between Britain and Khalid bin Barghash, the Anglo-Zanzibar conflict arose after a dispute over who would become the sultan of Zanzibar.
Mahdist War and the Siege of Khartoum
The Siege of Khartoum took place March 13, 1884 to January 26, 1885, during the Mahdist War. Held by forces led by Major General Charles Gordon the city fell and the garrison was massacred.
Battle of Aliwal - First Sikh War Battle of Aliwal
The Battle of Aliwal was fought January 28, 1846, during the First Anglo-Sikh War. Advancing to threaten the British rear, Sikh troops occupied Aliwal along the Sutlej River. To clear this threat, the British dispatched Gen. Sir Harry Smith to the area. Attacking the Sikhs at Aliwal, the defeated them and forced them to retreat.
Battle of Isandlwana - Anglo-Zulu War - Colonel Henry Pulleine
The Battle of Isandlwana was fought on January 22, 1879, during the opening stages of the Anglo-Zulu War. After advancing into Zululand, the British troops guarding the camp at Isandlwana were attacked by the main Zulu army and massacred. The defeat at Isandlwana remains the greatest British defeat at the hands of native forces.
The Siege of Lucknow During the Sepoy Mutiny (1857)
The Siege of Lucknow took place during the Sepoy Mutiny of 1857. Besieged in the Residency, British forces held the building against the rebels for two periods lasting 87 and 61 days. The Siege of Lucknow ended after the second relief of the city when British forces withdrew.
Major General Alexander Hayes - American Civil War
Major General Alexander Hays was a Union division commander during the American Civil War who saw service with the Army of the Potomac before dying at the Battle of the Wilderness.
Siege of Paris - Franco Prussian War Siege of Paris
The Siege of Paris began following the French defeat at Sedan. Encircled on September 19, 1870, the city's defenders held out for over four months against their Prussian attackers. On January 28, 1871, three after after the Prussians began shelling the city, the French surrendered ending the siege of Paris and effectively ending the war.
Battles and Wars 1800s
The 19th century saw some of the most influential battles and wars of all time, many of which helped draw the map of the modern world. Here we examine conflicts from Napoleon to the Spanish American War.
A border war that dramatically increased the size of the United States and made heroes of Zachary Taylor and Winfield Scott, here we examine the 1846-1848 conflict between the United States and Mexico.
Battle of Cerro Gordo - Mexican-American War - Winfield Scott at Cerro Gordo
The Battle of Cerro Gordo was fought April 18, 1847, during the Mexican-American War. Advancing from Veracruz, Maj. Gen. Winfield Scott's army found the Mexicans blocking its advance at Cerro Gordo. In the Battle of Cerro Gordo, the Americans were able to flank the Mexican position and rout the enemy.
The Battle of the Alamo 1836 - Texas Revolution
The Battle of Alamo was fought between Texan and Mexican forces between February 23 and March 6, 1836. Fighting for independence, the Texans fortified the Alamo and withstood a thirteen-day siege before Mexican forces overran the mission. Noted frontiermen Jim Bowie and Davy Crockett were killed in the fighting.
Mexican-American War History
The Mexican-American War resulted the dramatic growth of the United States and laid the seeds for the American Civil War. Beginning in 1846, the Mexican-American War saw American troops invade from the north and then land at Veracruz. The Mexican-American War effectively ended when US forces captured Mexico City in late 1847.
Battle of Inkerman - Crimean War Battle of Inkerman
Battle of Inkerman was fought November 5, 1854, when the Russians attacked Allied positions outside Sevastopol. Striking at the Allied left on the Inkerman Heights, the Russians fought in heavy fog. The Battle of Inkerman resulted in a Allied victory which crippled the fighting spirit of the Russian.
Battle of Alma - Crimean War Battle of Alma - British and French at Alma - Russian at Batle of Alma
One of the first principal battles of the Crimean War, the Battle of Alma saw British and French forces dislodge the Russians from a defensive position on the road to Sevastopol. Advancing over the Alma River, the British and French defeated the Russians while battling over the heights along the river's south bank.
Goliad Massacre - Texas Revolution - James Fannin
The Goliad Massacre took place on March 27, 1836, during the Texas Revolution. Having surrendered after the Battle of Coleto, Colonel James Fannin's command was massacred by Mexican forces at Goliad. In the course of the Goliad Massacre, 342 Texan prisoners were killed.
Texas Revolution: Battle of San Jacinto 1836
Fought on April 21, 1836, the Battle of San Jacinto secured independence for the Republic of Texas. After retreating back the San Jacinto River, General Sam Houston turned and attacked a Mexican army led by Jose Lopez de Santa Anna. Yelling
American Civil War: War in the West, 1861-1863
The early years of the American Civil War in the West focused on Union efforts to capture the Mississippi River. Unlike their counterparts in the East, the Union generals in the West won several key victories between 1861 and 1863.
American Civil War - Western Theater of the American Civil War
The early years of the American Civil War in the West focused on Union efforts to capture the Mississippi River. Unlike their counterparts in the East, the Union generals in the West won several key victories between 1861 and 1863. Page 2.
American Civil War - American Civil War in the East
The first two years of the American Civil War in the east were marked by a string of Confederate victories and the rise of Robert E. Lee. The Union employed a succession of generals in numerous attempts to capture Richmond and achieve victory in the Civil War. Page 2.
American Civil War - American Civil War Eastern Theater 1862 to 1863
The first two years of the American Civil War in the east were marked by a string of Confederate victories and the rise of Robert E. Lee. The Union employed a succession of generals in numerous attempts to capture Richmond and achieve victory in the Civil War.
American Civil War-American Civil War in the East
The first two years of the American Civil War in the east were marked by a string of Confederate victories and the rise of Robert E. Lee. The Union employed a succession of generals in numerous attempts to capture Richmond and achieve victory in the Civil War. Page 3.
The Causes of the American Civil War
The American Civil War was the result of a variety of causes ranging from slavery and states rights to industrialization and societal change. These causes touched off secession and hostilities.
Causes of the American Civil War
The American Civil War was the result of a variety of causes ranging from slavery and states rights to industrialization and societal change. These causes of the Civil War when combined with the election of Abraham Lincoln in 1860 touched off secession and hostilities. Page 2.
First Shots of the American Civil War
The American Civil War first began when Confederate troops opened fire on Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor. Following this attack, President Lincoln called for volunteer troops to put down the rebellion. The American Civil War began in earnest in July at the First Battle of Bull Run.
Battle of Plattsburgh - War of 1812 - Thomas MacDonough
The Battle of Plattsburgh was fought Septebmer 6-11, 1814 during the War of 1812. The Battle of Plattsburgh saw British forces advancing down Lake Champlain clash with American forces on the lake and on land. Defeated at the Battle of Plattsburgh, the British were forced to retreat north.
Battle of Beaver Dams - War of 1812 Battle of Beaver Dams
The Battle of Beaver Dams was fought June 24, 1813, during the War of 1812. Advancing from Fort George, an American detachement was ambushed by British and Indian forces en route to attack Beaver Dams. Surrounded, they were compelled to surrender.
USS Constitution and HMS Guerriere - War of 1812 USS Constitution and HMS Guerriere
Meeting 400 miles SE of Halifax, Nova Scotia, USS Constitution engaged and captured HMS Guerriere on August 19, 1812. The battle was the first in a series of single-ship victories for the US Navy over the Royal Navy during the early days of the War of 1812.
Siege of Detroit - War of 1812
The Siege of Detroit took place August 15-16, 1812, during the early days of the War of 1812. Advancing on Detroit, Major General Isaac Brock and Tecumseh laid siege. Convincing the American commander that they had a larger force, they won the Siege of Detroit.
Siege of Fort Wayne - War of 1812 - William Henry Harrison
The Siege of Fort Wayne took place September 5-12, 1812, during the War of 1812. Laying siege to Fort Wayne, Native American forces mounted several attacks against the fort. These were repulsed and the Native Americans withdrew as William Henry Harrison neared with a relief army.
Battle of Stoney Creek - War of 1812 Battle of Stoney Creek
The Battle of Stoney Creek was fought June 6, 1813, during the War of 1812. Having been defeated at the Battle of Fort George, British forces fell back. Counterattacking at Stoney Creek, they succeeded in defeating an American force and capturing its commanders.
Battle of Frenchtown - War of 1812 - River Raisin Massacrce
The Battle of Frenchtown was fought January 18-23, 1813, during the War of 1812. Moving north to retake Detroit, American troops opened the Battle of Frenchtown. Counterattacked later by the British and Native Americans, American forces were beaten at the Battle of Frenchtown and a large number of prisoners were killed.
War of 1812: Battle of Fort McHenry
The Battle of Fort McHenry was fought September 13/14, 1814, during the British attack on Baltimore. While British troops were checked at North Point on September 12, VAdm. Alexander Cochrane's fleet attacked Fort McHenry with the goal of taking the city. Enduring a 25-hour bombardment, Fort McHenry held and the British were forced to withdraw.
Creek War: Battle of Horseshoe Bend
The Battle of Horseshoe Bend occurred on March 27, 1814, during the Creek War. Leading American forces, Maj. Gen. Andrew Jackson attacked the Red Sticks along the Tallapoosa River. In the fighting at Horseshoe Bend, the Red Sticks were defeated and the conflict effectively ended.
Battle of Crysler's Farm - War of 1812 Battle of Crysler's Farm
The Battle of Crysler's Farm was fought November 11, 1813, during the War of 1812. Advancing down the St. Lawrence River, American forces encountered a British blocking force at Crysler's Farm. Attacking, the Americans were turned back and defeated.
Battle of Bladensburg - War of 1812
The Battle of Bladensburg was fought August 24, 1814, during the War of 1812. Landing in Maryland, British troops advanced on Washington, DC via Bladensburg. Reaching the town, they routed American troops at the Battle of Bladensburg before capturing the capital.
Battle of the Chateauguay - War of 1812 - St. Lawrence Campaign
The Battle of Chateauguay was fought October 26, 1813, during the War of 1812. Advancing into Quebec, an American army led by Major General Wade Hampton clashed with French Canadian and Native American forces at the Battle of Chateauguay. In the fighting at Chateauguay, the Americans were defeated and forced to retreat.
Battle of Fort George - War of 1812 - Lake Ontario
The Battle of Fort George was fought May 25 to 27, 1813, during the War of 1812. Moving across Lake Ontario, American forces mounted an amphibious assault and opened the Battle of Fort George. Attacking, the Americans won the Battle of Fort George and forced the British to withdraw.
Fort Harrison - War of 1812 Battle of Fort Harrison
The Battle of Fort Harrison took place between September 4 and 15, 1812, and was an early American victory in the War of 1812. Fort Harrison was attacked by Native Americans on September 4. This assault was repulsed by a small garrison led by Capt. Zachary Taylor. After a brief siege, Fort Harrison was relieved on September 12.
USS Wyoming - BB-32 - World War I - US Navy
USS Wyoming (BB-32) was the lead ship of its class of battleship. Entering service in 1912, USS Wyoming took part in World War I. Converted to a gunnery training ship, USS Wyoming (AG-17) fulfilled this role through World War II.
USS New York - BB-34 - World War II - US Navy
USS New York (BB-34) was the lead ship of its class of battleships. Entering service in 1914, USS New York saw service in both World War I and World War II. After taking part in the latter conflict, USS New York survived the atomic testing at Bikini Atoll and was later sunk as a target ship.
USS Texas - BB-35 - Battleship - World War II
USS Texas (BB-35) was a New York-class battleship that entered service with the US Navy in 1914. Seeing service in World War II, USS Texas saw service in both the Atlantic and Pacific. Following the war, USS Texas became a museum ship near Houston.
Admiral Hugh Rodman - World War I
Admiral Hugh Rodman was an American naval leader who saw service during the Spanish-American War and later commanded the only US battleship division to serve abroad during World War I.
Vietnam War - F-105 Thunderchief Profile
The F-105 Thunderchief was one of the US Air Force's primary fighter-bombers during the Vietnam War. Widely used for strike bombing over North Vietnam, the F-105 also was employed in a
Battle of Copenhagen - Napoleonic Wars Battle of Copenhagen
The Battle of Copenhagen saw the British attack the Danish fleet in Copenhagen Roads on April 2, 1801. Led by Vice Admiral Horatio Nelson, the British closed with the enemy fleet and forced its surrender. During the Battle of Copenhagen, Nelson famously ignored orders to break off the action.
Brigadier General John C. Caldwell - American Civil War
Brigadier General John C. Caldwell was a Union division commander in the Army of the Potomac who saw heavy fighting at the Battle of Gettysburg.
Battle of Albuera - Peninsular War Battle of Albuera
The Battle of Albuera was fought on May 16, 1811, and saw Allied forces compel a French expedition to retreat from the area near Badajoz. Led by Marshal Soult, the French intended to get between the British and Spanish armies but were prevented from doing so and the forces clashed near the village of Albuera.
Battle of Vitoria - Peninsular War Battle of Vitoria
The Battle of Vitoria was fought June 21, 1813, during the Peninsular War. Engaging French forces near the town of Vitoria, the Marquess of Wellington succeeded in winning a key victory. Routed at the Battle of Vitoria, Joseph Bonaparte retreated north with Wellington in pursuit.
Battle of Fuentes de Onoro - Peninsular War - Duke of Wellington
The Battle of Fuentes de Onoro was fought May 3-6, 1811, during the Peninsular War. Moving to relieve Almeida, Marshal Massena engaged Viscount Wellington at Fuentes de Onoro. In heavy fighting, Wellington was able to hold off the French and maintain the siege of Almeida.
Battle of Talavera - Napoleonic Wars Battle of Talavera - Peninsular War Battle of Talavera
Part of the Peninsular War, the Battle of Talavera was fought soutwest of Madrid on July 27-28, 1809. In the fighting, the forces of Arthur Wellesley defeated French troops and compelled them to withdraw. Despite the victory at Talavera, the English were soon forced to retreat to due to supply issues and the arrival of French reinforcements.
Vimeiro - Battle of Vimeiro - Peninsular War - Napoleonic Wars
The Battle of Vimeiro was fought August 21, 1808 during the Peninsular War. Attacking near the village of Vimeiro, French troops engaged British forces under Sir Arthur Wellesley. In the resulting Battle of Vimeiro the British succeeded in defeating the French.
Battle of Hohenlinden - War of the Second Coalition Battle of Hohenlinden - Jean Moreau
The Battle of Hohenlinden was fought in the snowy hills and woods north of Munich. In the fighting, a French Revolutionary army under General Jean Moreau crushed a larger Austrian army led by Archduke John. The victory at Hohenlinden, coupled with Napoleon's triumph at Marengo ended the War of the Second Coalition.
Napoleonic Wars - French Revolutionary Wars - French Revolution and Napoleon Bonaparte - Wars of the French Revolution - Defeat of Napoleon
Fought between 1792 and 1815, the French Revolutionary Wars and the Napoleonic Wars consumed Western Europe. Fought between France and various coalitions of Britain, Prussia, Austria, Russia, and Portugal, the wars saw the rise and fall of Napoleon Bonaparte. The conflicts came to an end following his defeat at Waterloo in 1815.
Battle of Marengo - War of the Second Coalition Battle of Marengo Napoleon Bonaparte
The Battle of Marengo began with an Austrian attack on Napoleon's French forces on June 14, 1800. Regrouping, Napoleon was able to counterattack and drive the Austrians from the field. Coupled with the victory at Hohenlinden, the Battle of Marengo aided in ending the War of the Second Coalition in a French victory.
French Revolutionary Wars - Wars of the French Revolution
A list of battles from the French Revolutionary Wars.
The Peninsular War - Napolepnic Wars - Battles
A list of battles from the Peninsular War.
Napoleonic Wars Battle of Waterloo 1815 - Duke of Wellington
The Battle of Waterloo was fought June 18, 1815 during the Napoleonic Wars. Waterloo was final battle of the conflict and occurred following Napoleon's return from Elba. The Battle of Waterloo saw the Duke of Wellington's army win a decisive victory which ultimately forced Napoleon's surrender.
Battle of Wagram - Napoleonic Wars Battle of Wagram
Fought in 1809, the Battle of Wagram was the pivotal battle of the War of the Fifth Coalition. Fought near the village of Wagram, Napoleon soundly defeated the army of Archduke Charles of Austria.
Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Borodino
The Battle of Borodino was fought September 7, 1812, during Napoleon's invasion of Russia. Attacking Russian positions around Borodino, the French both inflicted and sustained heavy losses. Though the Russians departed after the Battle of Borodino, their army remained intact.
Battle of Corunna - Napoleonic Wars Battle of Corunna
Fought on January 16, 1809, the Battle of Corunna was a British tactical victory that allowed the army of Sir John Moore to evacuate northern Spain. Battling on the heights outside Corunna, the British held off French attacks and were able to board their ships that night. Sir John Moore was killed in the fighting.
Battle of Tolentino - Neapolitan War Battle of Tolentino
Fought May 2-3, 1815, the Battle of Tolentino marked the beginning of the end for Joachim Murat's reign as king of Naples. Engaging the Austrians near Tolentino, Italy, Murat was defeated by General Frederick Bianchi. The Neapolitan army ceased to be an effective fighting force after the Battle of Tolentino.
Battle of Aspern-Essling - Napoleonic Wars Battle of Aspern-Essling
The Battle of Aspern-Essling was fought on May 21-22, 1809, during the War of the Fifth Coalition. Attempting to force a crossing of the Danube, Napoleon was blocked by Archduke Charles who attacked French forces in Aspern and Essling. The loss at Aspern-Essling was Napoleon's first defeat in over a decade.
Battle of Eylau - Napoleonic Wars - Napoleon Bonaparte
The Battle of Eylau was fought on February 7-8, 1807, in East Prussia. Attacking a predominently Russian army, Napoleon began a 14-hour battle that ebbed and flowed across the plains near Eylau. Ending in a draw, the high point of the battles was a massive French cavalry charge led by Marshal Joachim Murat.
Battle of Friedland - Napoleonic Wars Battle of Friedland
The Battle of Friedland was fought June 14, 1807, during the War of the Fourth Coalition. Attacking the Russians near Friedland, Napoleon succeeded in driving them from the field. The Battle of Friedland effectively ended the War of the Fourth Coalition.
Battle of Austerlitz - Napoleonic Wars
The Battle of Austerlitz was one of Napoleon Bonaparte's greatest victories. Fought on December 2, 1805, Austerlitz is also known as the Battle of the Three Emperors as Russian and Austrian forces were led by Tsar Alexander I and Emperor Francis II. The French victory at Austerlitz ended the War of the Third Coalition and led to the Austrians signing the Treaty of Pressburg
Battle of Woerth - Franco-Prussian War
The Battle of Woerth (Wörth) was fought August 6, 1870, during the Franco-Prussian War. The Battle of Woerth was fought during the opening stages of the conflict. In the fighting at Woerth, the French were badly defeated.
Western Theater of the Civil War - Battles of the Western Theater of the Civil War
Here we look at the campaigns and battles of the Western Theater of the American Civil War.
Battle of South Mountain - Battle of South Mountain Civil War
The Battle of South Mountain occurred on September 14, 1862, as Union forces sought to exploit the capture of Confederate Order 191. Attacking Turner's, Fox's, and Crampton's Gaps, Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan wished to cross the mountain and assault Gen. Robert E. Lee's army before it could concentrate. Winning a victory, McClellan continued the fighting three days later at Antietam.
Satsuma Rebellion: Battle of Shiroyama, 1877
The final engagement of the Satsuma Rebellion (1877) between the samurai and the Imperial Japanese Army.
Civil War Battles - West - 1864- 1865
A list of Civil War battles fought in the West during 1864 and 1865.
Civil War Battles - West - 1861 - 1862
A list of Civil War battles fought in the West during 1861 and 1862.
Great Sioux War - Battle of the Little Bighorn 1876
The Battle of the Little Bighorn was fought June 25-26, 1876 during the Great Sioux War. Also known as Custer's Last Stand, the battle saw the majority of Lieutenant Colonel George Custer's command destroyed.
Battle of Boyaca - Simon Bolivar at the Battle of Boyaca
The Battle of Boyaca was a key battle in the Wars for South American Independence. Led by Simón Bolívar, patriot forces routed a Spanish force near the el Puente de Boyacá bridge. The victory was vital in securing independence for modern-day Colombia.
Second Opium War: Overview and History
Fought between 1856 and 1860, the Second Opium War led to the further opening of China to foreign influence and contributed to the spread of imperialism. Led by Britain and France, Western forces were able to defeat the Chinese and gain significant concessions. The Second Opium War was ended by the Convention of Peking.
Battle of Derna - First Barbary War
The Battle of Derna was fought between April 27 and May 13, 1805. Leading a contingent of US Marines and mercenaries, William Eaton and 1Lt. Presley O'Bannon succeeded in capturing the port of Derne from the forces of Yusuf Karamanli. The victory at Derne was a key moment in the conflict and gave birth to the line
The Battle of Tippecanoe (1811) - Tecumseh's War
The Battle of Tippecanoe was fought November 7, 1811, and was the climatic battle of Tecumseh's War. Fighting near the Tippecanoe River, William Henry Harrison defended against attacks by Tenskwatawa's Native American forces. Harrison's victory at Tippecanoe damaged Tecumseh's vision of uniting the Native Americans and helped lead to the War of 1812.
Great Locomotive Chase - Civil War - Andrews Raid
The Great Locomotive Chase took place April 12, 1862, during the American Civil War. Seeking to damage the Western and Atlantic Railroad between Atlanta and Chattanooga, Union raiders led by James Andrews stole a locomotive and began destroying the rails. Pursued by Confederate forces during the Great Locomotive Chase, Andrews and his men were later captured.
Second Battle of Corinth - American Civil War - William Rosecrans - Earl Van Dorn
The Second Battle of Corinth was fought October 3-4, 1862, during the American Civil War. Having won the the Battle of Iuka, Maj. Gen. William Rosecrans moved to Corinth, MS where he was attacked by Confederate forces. In the fighting at the Second Battle of Corinth, Union forces won another victory.
Battle of Fort Pulaski - Civil War Battle of Fort Pulaski
The Battle of Fort Pulaski took place April 10-11, 1862, during the American Civil War. Defending Savannah, Fort Pulaski was attacked by Union artillery firing from nearby Tybee Island. After an intense bombardment, Fort Pulaski was compelled to surrender closing Savannah to Confederate shipping.
Battle of Wilson's Creek - Civil War - Missouri
The Battle of Wilson's Creek was fought August 10, 1861, during the American Civil War. Advancing on Confederate forces, Brigadier General Nathaniel Lyon attacked at the Battle of Wilson's Creek. In heavy fighting along Wilson's Creek, Lyon was killed and Union troops defeated.
Battle of the Basque Roads - Napoleonic Wars Battle of the Basque Roads
The Battle of the Basque Roads was fought April 11-13, 1809, during the Napoleonic Wars. Assaulting the French fleet in Basque Roads, the British opened the battle by attacking with fireships. These forced many French ships in Basque Roads ashore and though some were taken, the British failed to fully exploit the success.
World War II Warships - World War II Warships and Navies
Fought around the globe, navies played a key role in World War II. The conflict is most notable for the rise of the aircraft carrier as a fleet's most significant offensive weapon and the decline of the battleship. Here we examine the ships that dueled during the conflict.
USS Bennington (CV-20) - World War II - Vietnam War
USS Bennington (CV-20) was an Essex-class aircraft carrier that entered service in 1944 and saw combat operations during World War II and the Vietnam War.
The Battle of Bataan - World War II
The Battle of Bataan began on January 7, 1942, between Allied forces and the Japanese military, not long after the attack on Pearl Harbor.
North American P-51 Mustang Fighter
The P-51 Mustang was an iconic American fighter of World War II. Originally developed for the British, the P-51 Mustang became a critical weapon in the air for Allies due to its performance and range. The P-51 Mustang was retained after the conflict and saw service during the Korean War.
Operation Michael - World War I Operation Michael
Operation Michael was the first phase of the 1918 German Spring Offensive. Attacking the area of St.-Quentin, Operation Michael was intended to separate British and French forces and drive the former in to the sea. Launched on March 21, the Germans made significant gains before being halted at Villers-Bretonneux.
Invasion of Italy, 1943 - World War II
The Invasion of Italy was conducted from September 3-16, 1943, during World War II. First landing in Calabria, Allied troops soon expanded the invasion.
John Jervis - Earl of St. Vincent - Admiral of the Fleet - Napoleonic Wars
Admiral of the Fleet John Jervis, 1st Earl of St. Vincent was a key British naval commander and administrator during the French Revolutionary/Napoleonic Wars. Seeing service during the Seven Years' and American Revolution, John Jervis later won the Battle of St. Vincent in 1797. John Jervis later served as First Lord of the Admiralty.
Battle of Nassau - American Revolution - New Providence Expedition - Revolutionary War
The Battle of Nassau was fought March 3-4, 1776, during the American Revolution. Sailing south, an American squadron attacked Nassau (New Providence Island) with the goal of munitions and artillery. In the resulting Battle of Nassau, American forces captured the island and held it for two weeks before withdrawing.
Eastern Theater of the Civil War - Battles of the Eastern Theater of the Civil War
Here we look at the campaigns and battles of the Eastern Theater of the American Civil War.
Battle of Fort Sumter - Civil War
The Battle of Fort Sumter was fought April 12-14, 1861, and marked the opening of the American Civil War. After preventing several relief attempts, Confederate troops opened fire on Fort Sumter at 4:30 AM on April 12. After a 34-hour bombardment, the garrison agreed to surrender.
American Civil War: Surrender at Appomattox
Appomattox Court House was the site where the Army of Northern Virginia was forced to surrender on April 9, 1865. Retreating from Petersburg, the army reached Appomattox but was hemmed in by Union troops. Unable to escape, Gen. Robert E. Lee surrendered his command to Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant.
Civil War Battles - 1863 - East
A list of Civil War battles fought in the East during 1863.
Civil War Battles - 1861
A list of Civil War battles fought in the East during 1861.
Civil War Battles - East - 1865
A list of Civil War battles fought in the East during 1865.
American Civil War - Andersonville Prison
Andersonville Prison was the most notorious prisoner of war camp of the Civil War. Constructed in southern Georgia, the 26.5 acre, open stockade received over 45,000 prisoners during its year of operation. Plagued by disease and starvation, 12,913 Union prisoners died at Andersonville.
Battle of Chickamauga - American Civil War - William Rosecrans - Braxton Bragg
Coming just after the Tullahoma Campaign, the Battle of Chickamauga occurred September 18-20, 1863. Fought south of Chattanooga, TN, the Battle of Chickamauga saw Union forces under Maj. Gen. William Rosecrans defeated and forced to retreat. Fleeing to Chattanooga, the Army of the Cumberland was placed under siege by Confederate forces in the weeks after the Battle of Chickamauga.
Battle of Fredericksburg - Civil War - Ambrose Burnside
The Battle of Fredericksburg was largely fought on December 13, 1862, and was a clear victory for Gen. Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia. Attacking the heights west of the town, Maj. Gen. Ambrose Burnside's Army of the Potomac was repulsed with heavy casualties. The defeat at the Battle of Fredericksburg led to Burnside's removal from command.
1775 Battle and Capture of Fort Ticonderoga
The Capture of Fort Ticonderoga took place May 10, 1775 during the American Revolution. Taking the garrison by surprise, American forces led by Colonels Ethan Allen and Benedict Arnold swiftly overwhelmed the defenders. After the capture of Fort Ticonderoga, American troops took the fort at Crown Point.
American Civil War: Nathan Bedford Forrest
Nathan Bedford Forrest was a Confederate lieutenant general during the Civil War. A cavalryman, Nathan Bedford Forrest saw extensive service in the Western Theater and became one of the most feared Confederate officers in the region. Nathan Bedfored Forrest was a master of mobile warfare and is often remembered fast attacks and raid.
Battle of Selma - American Civil War
The Battle of Selma was fought April 2, 1865 during the American Civil War and saw Major General James H. Wilson capture Selma, AL from Confederate forces led by Lieutenant General Nathan Bedford Forrest.
American Civil War - Battle of Hampton Roads
The Battle of Hampton Roads occurred on March 8-9, 1862, and was the first fight between ironclad warships. Attacking wooden Union ships off Hampton Roads on March 8, CSS Virginia caused heavy damage. The next day, it returned and battled the newly arrived ironclad USS Monitor to a stalemate.
Battle of Pea Ridge - Civil War Battle of Pea Ridge - Civil War
The Battle of Pea Ridge was fought in Arkansas on March 7-8, 1862. In the fighting at the Battle of Pea Ridge, Union forces led by Brig. Gen. Samuel Curtis defeated Maj. Gen. Earl Van Dorn's Confederate troops. The victory at Pea Ridge effectively cemented Union control of Missouri.
American Revolution: The Boston Massacre
The Boston Massacre took place on March 5, 1770, and helped lead to the American Revolution. The Boston Massacre saw a mob clash with British troops as part of a larger protest against taxation without representation. In the Boston Massacre, five civilians were killed.
Sir Thomas Fairfax - English Civil War - New Model Army
Sir Thomas Fairfax, 3rd Lord Fairfax of Cameron, was a noted Parliamentarian commander during the English Civil War. Active during the fighting, Sir Thomas Fairfax led the New Model Army to victory at the Battle of Naseby in 1645. In 1660, Sir Thomas Fairfax was active in the Restoration of Charles II.
Battle of Worcester - English Civil War - Oliver Cromwell
The Battle of Worcester was fought September 3, 1651, during the English Civil War. Meeting at the Battle of Worcester, the Parliamentarians defeated Royalist forces under Charles II. The Battle of Worcester was the final battle of the English Civil War.
The English Civil War: An Overview
The English Civil War was fought between Parliamentarian and Royalist forces and began in 1642. During the English Civil War, Parliamentarian forces won key battles at Marston Moor and Naseby. The English Civil War ended in 1651 when Parliamentarian troops triumphed.
Battle of Dunbar - English Civil War - 1650
The Battle of Dunbar was fought September 3, 1650, during the English Civil War and saw Parliamentarian forces led by Oliver Cromwell defeat Scottish Covenanters.
Battle of the Saintes - American Revolution Battle of the Saintes
The Battle of the Saintes was fought April 9-12, 1782 during the American Revolution. The Battle of the Saintes saw a French fleet under Comte De Grasse clash with a British force led by Admiral Sir George Rodney. In the resulting battle, the British won a decisive victory.
Admiral Rodney - George Rodney - Baron Rodney - Royal Navy
Admiral George Rodney was a noted British naval leader during Seven Years' War and American Revolution. A seasoned officer, George Rodney took part in numerous campaigns and battles. George Rodney is best known for his 1782 victory at the Battle of the Saintes.
Admiral Samuel Hood - American Revolution - French Revolutionary Wars
Admiral Samuel Hood was a British naval commander during the American Revolution and French Revolutionary Wars who played a key role in the Battle of the Saintes and served as a mentor for Horatio Nelson.
Military History Timeline - Timeline of Military History - Wars Through the Ages - Military History Through the Centuries - Battles Through the Ages
Gain a quick overview of military history with this timeline that traces battles and wars through the ages.
American Revolution - Siege of Boston
The Siege of Boston began on April 19, 1775 following the Battles of Lexington and Concord. Surrounding the British in Boston, the American army grew in strength as reinforcements arrived from the other colonies. The siege continued until Henry Knox arrived with the guns from Fort Ticonderoga and the British were forced to evacuate on March 17, 1776.
Battle of the Bismarck Sea - World War II Battle of the Bismarck Sea
The Battle of the Bismarck Sea was fought March 2-4, 1943, and saw Allied aircraft inflict heavy losses on the Japanese. Sailing from Rabaul to Lae, Japanese transports were attacked in the Bismarck Sea. In the fighting, all eight of the Japanese transports were sunk.
Battle of the Nile - Battle of the Nile Admiral Lord Horatio Nelson
The Battle of the Nile was fought on August 1/2, 1798 in Aboukir Bay. Attacking the French in a night action, Rear Admiral Horatio Nelson sailed into Aboukir Bay and engaged the fleet of Vice Admiral François-Paul Brueys D'Aigalliers. In the battle that ensued, Nelson destroyed or captured the bulk of the French fleet.
USS Princeton - USS Princeton Peacemaker Disaster
USS Princeton (1843) was the US Navy's first screw steam warship. Designed by John Ericsson and Robert Stockton, USS Princeton entered service in 1843. USS Princeton is best remembered for the February 28, 1844 disaster which saw one of its guns, the Peacemaker, explode killing several people including the Secretaries of State and the Navy.
First Italo-Ethiopian War: Battle of Adwa
The Battle of Adwa was fought in 1896 during the First Italo-Ethiopian War and saw the Ethiopians win a stunning victory.
Raid on Deerfield - Queen Anne's War - Deerfield Massacre
The Raid on Deerfield took place on February 29, 1704, during Queen Anne's War. The North American extension of the War of the Spanish Succession, the conflict saw a combined French and Native American force raid Deerfield, Massachusetts. Attacking the raiders, killed over fifty of Deerfield's residents and captured over one hundred.
Confederate Commanders at the Battle of Gettysburg
The Battle of Gettysburg saw Confederate commanders attempt to defeat Union troops in Pennsylvania. Attacking Union forces, General Robert E. Lee and the Confederate leadership mounted several failed attacks on the enemy's flanks. On July 3, Lee and his commanders launched a massive assault known as Pickett's Charge which was repulsed.
Overview of The Hundred Years War
The Hundred Years' War between England and France was fought between 1337 and 1453. Beginning as a dynastic conflict, the Hundred Years' War saw England win several early triumphs. The Hundred Years' War ultimately ended in a French victory.
Wars of the Roses Overview and History
The Wars of the Roses were fought in Britain from 1455 to 1485. A dynastic conflict, the Wars of the Roses saw the Houses of Lancaster and York struggle for the English throne. The Wars of the Roses ended with the triumph of the Lancasterians and the ascent of Henry Tudor.
Battle of Barnet - Wars of the Roses Battle of Barnet
The Battle of Barnet was fought on April 14, 1471 and was a key engagement of the Wars of the Roses. Returning to England to reclaim his throne, Edward IV clashed with Lancastrian forces under the Earl of Warwick. In the fighting at Barnet, Warwick was killed and the Lancastrians defeated.
Battle of San Juan Hill - Spanish-American War History
The Battle of San Juan Hill was fought on July 1, 1898, and was a key engagement of the Spanish-American War. Having landing on Cuba, American forces sought to capture the port of Santiago de Cuba. Storming the San Juan Heights, they were able to begin a siege of the city which ultimately fell on July 17.
B-52 Stratofortress - Strategic Air Command
First flying in 1952, the B-52 Stratofortress formed the backbone of the US Strategic Air Command for much of the Cold War. Designed for delivering nuclear weapons, the B-52 has dropped conventional munitions in support of American efforts during the Vietnam War, the 1991 Gulf War, and Operation Iraqi Freedom. The US Air Force plans to keep the B-52 Stratofortress in service until 2040.
Battle of Fort Donelson - American Civil War - Ulysses Grant
The Battle of Fort Donelson was fought on February 11-16, 1862, and was an early engagement of the American Civil War. A Confederate outpost on the Cumberland River, Fort Donelson was attacked by Union troops under Brigadier General Ulysses Grant. Surrounding Fort Donelson, Grant was able to compel the fort's unconditional surrender.
Battle of Olustee - Civil War - Florida
The Battle of Olustee was fought February 20, 1864, during the American Civil War. Advancing from Jacksonville, FL, Brigadier General Truman Seymour engaged Confederate forces near Olustee. In the resulting Battle of Olustee his men were pushed back and forced to retreat back to Jacksonville.
World War I: Battle of Verdun
The Battle of Verdun was fought from February 21 to December 18, 1916, and was a key engagement of World War I. Attacking the French positions around Verdun, German troops initiated a grinding battle of attrition. By the time the Battle of Verdun ended, over 700,000 had been killed or wounded.
American Civil War: Major General James H. Wilson
Major General James H. Wilson was a Union engineer and cavalry officer during the American Civil War who proved a successful raider and who later took part in the Spanish-American War and Boxer Rebellion.
Introduction to the Second World War
The bloodiest conflict in history, World War II consumed the globe from 1939-1945. World War II was fought largely in Europe, the Pacific, and eastern Asia, and pitted the Axis powers of Germany, Italy, and Japan against the Allied nations of Great Britain, France, China, the United States, and Soviet Union. While the Axis enjoyed early success, they were gradually beaten back, with both Italy and Germany falling to Allied troops and Japan surrendering after the use of the atomic bomb.
The Korean War - Overview and Facts
The Korean War was fought between 1950 and 1953 between South Korea and United Nations forces and North Korea and China. The Korean War began when North Korea invaded its neighbor in June 1950. Over the next three years, the Korean War saw both sides fight up and down the peninsula until an armistice took effect in July 1953.
Overview of the French and Indian War
The French and Indian War began in 1754 as the result of colonial fighting between Britian and France. By 1756 the conflict expanded into the Seven Years' War which saw fighting across Europe and around the globe. Ending in 1763, the war cost France its overseas colonies in North America.
The French Revolutionary & Napoleonic Wars
The Napoleonic Wars, and the French Revolutionary Wars before them, consumed Europe between 1792 and 1815. The Napoleonic Wars saw French forces battling various coalitions of European nations. Ending in 1815 with Napoleon's defeat at the Battle of Waterloo, the Napoleonic Wars saw the map of Europe forever changed.
USS Hornet - CV-12 - World War II - US Navy - Aircraft Carrier
USS Hornet (CV-12) was an Essex-class aircraft carrier that entered service in 1943. Serving in the Pacific during World War II, USS Hornet (CV-12) took part in several campaigns against the Japanese. USS Hornet (CV-12) later took part in the Vietnam War and helped recover spacecraft for NASA.
Battle of Brice's Cross Roads - American Civil War - Nathan Bedford Forrest
The Battle of Brice's Cross Roads was fought June 10, 1864, during the American Civil War. Advancing into Mississippi, Union forces encountered Maj. Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest at Brice's Cross Roads. In the resulting Battle of Brice's Cross Roads, Forrest won a victory and captured a large number of prisoners.
Battle of Mansfield - Civil War - Red River Campaign - Richard Taylor
The Battle of Mansfield was fought on April 8, 1964, during the American Civil War. Part of the Red River Campaign, the Battle of Mansfield saw Union forces under Major General Nathaniel Banks engaged Confederate troops under Major General Richard Taylor. In the fighting at the Battle of Mansfield, Taylor forced Banks to retreat.
Morgan's Raid - Civil War - John Hunt Morgan
Morgan's Raid was conducted from June 11 to July 26, 1863, during the American Civil War. Riding north, Confederate forces under Brigadier General John Hunt Morgan raided north into Kentucky, Indiana, and Ohio. Morgan's Raid ended with his capture in eastern Ohio.
Battle of Glorieta Pass - Civil War Battle of Glorieta Pass
The Battle of Glorieta Pass was fought in New Mexico on March 26-28, 1862. Encountering each other in the vicinity of Glorieta Pass, small Union and Confederate armies clashed with the former winning a strategic victory. The Union win at Glorieta Pass ended Confederate incursions into the Southwest.
Battle of Belmont - Civil War - Ulysses Grant
The Battle of Belmont was fought November 7, 1861, during the American Civil War. Moving south to attack Columbus, KY, Brig. Gen. Ulysses Grant paused to destroy a Confederate camp at Belmont, MO. In the resulting Battle of Belmont his men took that camp but were forced to withdraw by Confederate reinforcements.
American Civil War - Battle of Fort Henry
The Battle of Fort Henry took place on February 6, 1862, and was an early Union victory. Moving against Fort Henry, Brig. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant landed troops on February 4-5 while the Western Flotilla approached up the Tennessee River. Partially flooded, Fort Henry surrendered after a brief naval battle on February 6.
Battle of Chickasaw Bayou - Civil War- Vicksburg Campaign - William T. Sherman
The Battle of Chickasaw Bayou was fought December 26-29, 1862, during the the American Civil War. Moving up the Yazoo River in an effort to attack Vicksburg, MS, Major General William T. Sherman attacked Confederate forces at the Battle of Chicksaw Bayou. Mounting several frontal assaults on the enemy lines, Sherman lost the Battle of Chickasaw Bayou and withdrew.
Battle of Perryville - Civil War Battle of Perryville - Kentucky Campaign
The Battle of Perryville was the culmination of the 1862 Kentucky Campaign. Attacking north, Gen. Braxton Bragg engaged the Union Army of the Ohio at Perryville, KY on October 8, 1862. Fighting through the day, the Confederates won a tactical victory, but were ultimately forced to withdraw from Kentucky.
Battle of Fort Stedman - Battle of Petersburg - Civil War - Robert E. Lee
The Battle of Fort Stedman was fought March 25, 1865, during the American Civil War. One of the final actions of the Battle of Petersburg, the Battle of Fort Stedman saw Confederate forces attempt to break through the Union lines. After achieving some success, the Confederate attack at Fort Stedman was contained and they were thrown back by Union forces.
Battle of Piedmont - Civil War - David Hunter - Shenandoah Valley
The Battle of Piedmont was fought June 5, 1864, during the American Civil War. Advancing in the Shenandoah Valley, Major General David Hunter engaged Brigadier General William
Battle of Yellow Tavern - Civil War - J.E.B. Stuart - Overland Campaign
The Battle of Yellow Tavern was fought May 11, 1864, during the American Civil War. A cavalry engagement, the Battle of Yellow Tavern saw Maj. Gen. J.E.B. Stuart's men clash with Union forces under Maj. Gen. Philip Sheridan. In the fighting, Union forces triumphed and Stuart was mortally wounded.
Battle of Trevilian Station - Civil War - Overland Camapaign - Philip Sheridan
The Battle of Trevilian Station was fought June 11-12, 1864, during the American Civil War. A cavalry action, the Battle of Trevilian Station saw Maj. Gen. Philip Sheridan clash with Maj. Gen. Wade Hampton. In the fighting at the Battle of Trevilian Station, Hampton got the better of the engagement and compelled Sheridan to retire.
Second Battle of Kernstown - American Civil War 1864 Second Battle of Kernstown
Fought on July 24, 1864, the Second Battle of Kernstown saw Confederate Lt. Gen. Jubal A. Early take advantage of Union troop withdrawals in the Shenandoah Valley. Luring the smaller Union Army of the Kanawha into battle near Kernstown, Early was able to drive it from the field. The defeat at the Second Battle of Kernstown led to Maj. Gen. Philip Sheridan being sent to the Valley with reinforcements.
American Civil War: Battles of Fort Wagner
The Second Battle of Fort Wagner took place on July 18, 1863, during the American Civil War. Attacking Fort Wagner on Morris Island, SC, Union troops were led by the 54th Massachusetts, an unit of black troops. The Union assault on Fort Wagner was repulsed with heavy losses.
Battle of Brandy Station - Civil War Battle of Brandy Station
The Battle of Brandy Station was fought June 9, 1863, during the American Civil War. Surprising Confederate cavalry forces, Union cavalry led by Maj. Gen. Alfred Pleasonton attacked near Brandy Station, VA. Inconclusive, the Battle of Brandy Station was the largest cavalry battle fought on American soil.
Second Battle of Manassas - Civil War Second Battle of Manassas
The Second Battle of Manassas was fought August 28-30, 1862, on much of the same field as the previous battle the year before. Moving to attack Maj. Gen. Thomas