Military History Sitemap - Page 5 2016-02-08

World War II Pacific in New Guinea Burma and China - World War II Fighting in New Guinea Burma and China - World War II Battles in New Guinea Burma
In addition to operations in the Southwest and Central Pacific, fighting raged across New Guinea, Burma, and China as Allied and Japanese forces fought for control. Led by Douglas MacArthur, Allied troops drove many of the Japanese from New Guinea in 1943. To the west, Allied troops were pushed out of Burma necessitating a long campaign to retake it. In China, the Allies supported the operations of Chiang Kai Shek and his Nationalist government. Page 2.

WWII - Conferences & Aftermath - the Postwar World
The most transformative conflict in history, World War II impacted the entire globe and set the stage for the Cold War. As World War II raged, the leaders of the Allies met several times to direct the course of the fighting and to begin planning for the postwar world. With the defeat of Germany and Japan, their plans were put into action.

World War II: The Postwar World - Ending the Conflict
The most transformative conflict in history, World War II impacted the entire globe and set the stage for the Cold War. Page 2.

The Vietnam War - Causes and Origins
The Vietnam War had its roots in French colonialism and World War II. Rebeling against French authority, Vietnamese forces were able to drive them from the country in 1954. Divided by the Geneva Accords, Vietnam was split north and south, with the United States supporting the democratic South Vietnam.

Vietnam War-Origins of the Vietnam War
The Vietnam War had its roots in French colonialism and World War II. Rebeling against French authority, Vietnamese forces were able to drive them from the country in 1954. Divided by the Geneva Accords, Vietnam was split north and south, with the United States supporting the democratic South Vietnam. Page 2.

The American Revolution: Causes of Conflict
The American Revolution was caused as a result of increasing colonial unhappiness with the policies of the British government. Following the French and Indian War, the British attempted to levy a series of taxes on the American colonies. The American Revolution was caused when colonial protests led to armed conflict.

American Revolution Causes - Military History
The American Revolution was caused as a result of increasing colonial unhappiness with the policies of the British government. Following the French and Indian War, the British attempted to levy a series of taxes on the American colonies. The American Revolution was caused when colonial protests led to armed conflict. Page 2.

American Revolution - Causes of the American Revolution
The American Revolution began as a result of increasing colonial unhappiness with the policies of the British government. Following the French and Indian War, the British attempted to levy a series of taxes on the American colonies. The American Revolution occurred when colonial protests led to armed conflict. Page 3.

World War II: Republic P-47 Thunderbolt
The P-47 Thunderbolt was a key Allied fighter and fighter-bomber during World War II. The P-47 Thunderbolt entered service in 1942, and the fighter saw service in both Europe and the Pacific. Nicknamed

Battle of Manila Bay - George Dewey - Spanish-American War
George Dewey's US Squadron destroyed the Spanish fleet at Manila Bay on May 1, 1898. The victory opened the way for the US conquest of the Philippines.

Battle of Moore's Creek Bridge - American Revolution - Revolutionary War
The Battle of Moore's Creek Bridge was fought February 27, 1776, during the American Revolution. Fought early in the conflict, the Battle of Moore's Creek Bridge saw Loyalist forces in North Carolina clash with Patriot troops. Holding the bridge at Moore's Creek, the Patriots won a clear victory and scattered the Loyalist force.

Battle of Blue Licks - American Revolution Battle of Blue Licks
The Battle of Blue Licks was one of the final battles of the American Revolution. Fought August 19, 1782, in Kentucky, the battle saw an American frontiersmen, including Daniel Boone, engage British and Native American forces. The fighting resulted in a British victory when the Kentuckians were routed.

The Battle of Kings Mountain 1780 - American Revolution
The Battle of Kings Mountain was fought October 7, 1780, in backwoods South Carolina. Arriving at Kings Mountain, Loyalist militia under Major Patrick Ferguson was attacked by American forces. Fighting on the slopes of Kings Mountain, the Americans were able to overwhelm and destroy Ferguson's command.

Battle of Kettle Creek - American Revolution - Revolutionary War - Andrew Pickens
The Battle of Kettle Creek was fought February 14, 1779, during the American Revolution. Moving toward Augusta, GA, a British Loyalist force was attacked by Patriot militia at the Battle of Kettle Creek. In the fighting at the Battle of Kettle Creek, American forces defeated and scattered the British force.

American Revolution: Battle of Camden 1780
The Battle of Camden was fought August 16, 1780, during the American Revolution. Sent south after the fall of Charleston, Major General Horatio Gates engaged British forces near Camden, SC. In the resulting Battle of Camden, Gates' army was routed.

Battle of Waxhaws - American Revolution Battle of Waxhaws
The Battle of Waxhaws was fought May 29, 1780, during the American Revolution. Advancing from Charleston, Lt. Col. Banastre Tarleton attacked an American column at Waxhaws. Defeating the Americans, Tarleton's men controversially continued to attack after they attempted to surrender.

American Revolution: Siege of Charleston
The Siege of Charleston was fought March 29 to May 12, 1780, during the American Revolution. Landing near Charleston, British forces under Gen. Sir Henry Clinton laid siege to the city. The Siege of Charleston ended in a British victory when Maj. Gen. Benjamin Lincoln was forced to surrender.

American Revolution: Battle of Monmouth
Fought in June 1778, the Battle of Monmouth was the Continental Army's first major test after the winter at Valley Forge. The last major engagement in the north, the Battle of Monmouth ended as a draw with the British withdrawing to New York.

Siege of Fort Mifflin - American Revolution - Philadelphia Campaign
The Siege of Fort Mifflin was fought September 26 to November 16, 1777, during the American Revolution. Moving up the Delaware River, the British began the Siege of Fort Mifflin in an effort to open the waterway to the Royal Navy. Holding out for over a month, the Siege of Fort Mifflin ended when the American garrison evacuated to New Jersey.

Battle of Forts Clinton and Montgomery - American Revolution - Henry Clinton
The Battle of Forts Clinton and Montgomery was fought October 6, 1777, during the American Revolution. In an effort to aid Major General John Burgoyne at Saratoga, Major General Sir Henry Clinton moved up the Hudson River and attacked Forts Clinton and Montgomery. In the resulting Battle of Forts Clinton and Montgomery, he won a victory and captured both posts.

Paoli Massacre - American Revolution - Battle of Paoli
The Paoli Massacre took place September 20-21, 1777, during the American Revolution. Fought shortly after the Battle of Brandywine, the Paoli Massacre saw Brigadier General Anthony Wayne's men surprise attacked by British troops led by Major General Charles Grey. In the wake of the Paoli Massacre, Wayne's command fled the field and moved west.

Battle of Oriskany - American Revolution - Revolutionary War - Fort Stanwix
The Battle of Oriskany was fought August 6, 1777, during the American Revolution. Part of the Saratoga Campaign, the Battle of Oriskany saw American forces ambushed while moving to relieve Fort Stanwix. In the Battle of Oriskany, American forces were beaten, however Native American morale was damaged when colonials forces from Fort Stanwix sacked their camp.

World War II: Battle of Leyte Gulf
The Battle of Leyte Gulf was a series engagements fought October 23-26, 1944, in the waters around the Philippines. During the fighting, the Japanese attempted to block the Allied invasion of Leyte through a series of naval battles. The Battle of Leyte Gulf ended in a massive Allied victory and effectively crippled the Imperial Japanese Navy.

Battle of Empress Augusta Bay - World War II
The Battle of Empress Augusta Bay was fought November 1-2, 1943, during the Solomon Islands Campaign of World War II and saw Allied forces defeat the Japanese off Bougainville.

USS Princeton (CVL-23) - World War II
USS Princeton (CVL-23) was an Independence-class light aircraft carrier that saw service during World War II and was lost during the Battle of Leyte Gulf in October 1944.

Battle of Fort Washington - American Revolution History
The Battle of Fort Washington was fought November 16, 1776, during the American Revolution. Having defeated the Americans at White Plains, the British returned to Manhattan and attacked Fort Washington. Winning the Battle of Fort Washington, the British forced the entire garrison to surrender.

American Revolution: Battle of White Plains
The Battle of White Plains was part of the New York Campaign during the American Revolution. Fought October 28, 1776, the Battle of White Plains saw Gen. George Washington's army forced to fall back, after making a stand against the British. Following the Battle of White Plains, Washington began a long retreat across New Jersey.

Battle of Sullivan's Island - American Revolution Battle of Sullivan's Island
The Battle of Sullivan's Island was fought June 28, 1776, during the American Revolution. Attacking Charleston, SC, the Battle of Sullivan's Island saw British naval forces bombard Fort Sullivan while troops attempted to assault it from the north. The Battle of Sullivan's Island resulted in an American victory and the British withdrew.

Battle of the Assunpink Creek - American Revolution - Revolutionary War
The Battle of the Assunpink Creek was fought January 2, 1777, during the American Revolution. Following the Battle of Trenton, General George Washington moved his army into a defensive position behind Assunpink Creek. Attacked by Lieutenant General Charles Cornwallis, Washington turned back the British at the Battle of the Assunpink Creek before departing during the night to attack Princeton.

American Revolution: Battle of Great Bridge
The Battle of Great Bridge was fought December 9, 1775, during the American Revolution. The Battle of Great Bridge centered on a river crossing south of Norfolk, VA and saw British forces attack Patriot troops. In the fighting at the Battle of Great Bridge, the British assault was repulsed.

Battle of Rocroi - Thirty Years' War Battle of Rocroi
Meeting on May 19, 1643, French troops under the Duc d'Enghien defeated the Spanish at the Battle of Rocroi. Marching to lift the siege of Rocroi, d'Enghien, the future Prince of Conde, was able to turn the Spanish flank to achieve victory. The Battle of Rocroi was the first major defeat inflicted on the Spanish in nearly a century.

Battle of Sedan of the Franco-Prussian War
The Battle of Sedan was fought September 1, 1870, during the Franco-Prussian War. A turning point in the conflict, the Battle of Sedan saw Prussian forces encircle the French Army of Chalons. Among those captured at the Battle of Sedan was Emperor Napoleon III.

The Battle of Tannenberg - World War 1
The Battle of Tannenberg was fought in August 1914 during World War I. Taking place on the Eastern Front, the Battle of Tannenberg saw German forces under Gen. Paul von Hindenburg attack the Russians. In the fighting, the Germans won a stunning victory effectively destroying the Russian Second Army.

World War I - Battle of Caporetto on the Italian Front
The Battle of Caporetto was fought October 24-November 19, 1917, during World War I. A turning point on the Italian Front, Caporetto saw German and Austro-Hungarian troops shatter the Italian lines along the Isonzo River. Driving Italians back, they advanced as far as the Piave River before being halted.

Fourteen Points - Woodrow Wilson - World War I
The Fourteen Points were developed during World War I by President Woodrow Wilson. Wilson hoped the terms of his Fourteen Points, which stressed progressive ideas like self-determination and free trade, could serve as the basis for a peace agreement. The Fourteen Points were discussed and partially incorporated into the Treaty of Versailles.

Battle of Magdhaba - World War I Battle of Magdhaba
The Battle of Magdhaba was part of the Sinai-Palestine Campaign of World War I. Advancing across the Sinai, British forces occupied El Arish on the coast. To protect their flank, mounted forces were ordered to capture the town of Magdhaba to the south. Attacking from the northeast, British forces succeeded in taking the town after a bitter fight.

Battle of Gallipoli - World War I History
The Battle of Gallipoli began when British Commonwealth and French troops landed on the Gallipoli Peninsula of Turkey adjacent to the Dardanelles. In a brutal campaign, Allied forces were unable to dislodge the Turks from Gallipoli's heights. After nearly a year of fighting they ended the fight and withdrew.

Battle of Rafa - World War I Battle of Rafa
The Battle of Rafa was fought January 9, 1916, and saw British troops force the Turks out of the Sinai Peninsula. Following up on their victory at Magdhaba, the British assaulted Turkish positions at Rafa. After a day-long fight, they succeeded in clearing Rafa of opposition.

First Battle of Gaza - World War I First Battle of Gaza
The First Battle of Gaza was fought on March 26-27, 1917, and saw British troops turned back at Gaza. Having advanced across the Sinai, British troops assaulted the Turkish lines with little success. The battles concluded when British troops fell back to Wadi Ghuzze.

Battle of Megiddo - World War I - Palestine
The Battle of Megiddo was fought September 19 to October 1, 1918, during World War I. Having captured Jerusalem, General Edmund Allenby opened the Battle of Megiddo with the goal of shattering the Ottoman position in Palestine. Attacking, his forces won a complete victory as the Battle of Megiddo saw the Turks routed.

Third Battle of Gaza - World War I Third Battle of Gaza
The Third Battle of Gaza was a successful attempt by British forces to break into Palestine during World War I. Led by General Sir Edmund Allenby, the British combined flank and frontal assaults to dislodge the Turks from the Gaza-Beersheba line. Lasting a week, the Third Battle of Gaza was a decisive victory for the British.

Battle of Loos - World War 1 Battle of Loos
The Battle of Loos was British offensive during World War I conducted between September 25 and October 14, 1915. The fighting marked the first British use of poison gas during the war. When the Battle of Loos concluded the British had achieved only marginal gains.

World War I: Battle of Arras (1917)
The Battle of Arras commenced on April 9, 1917, and was the British component of the Allies' spring offensives. Attacking near Arras with success, the British captured Vimy Ridge before the offesive bogged down. Lasting until May 16, the Battle of Arras saw the British make significant gains but no major breakthroughs.

Battle of the Somme in World War I
The Battle of the Somme was fought during World War I and lasted from July to November 1916. Attempting to draw German forces away from the Battle of Verdun, British forces battled to break through along a 12-mile front. When the fighting at the Somme ended, over 1.5 million casualties had been suffered.

Second Battle of Ypres 1915 - World War I
The Second Battle of Ypres was fought April 22 to May 25, 1915 during World War I. Releasing poison gas, German forces attacked Allied positions with the goal of reducing the Ypres salient. In the resulting Second Battle of Ypres, the Allies gave ground but were able to hold the town.

World War I: Second Battle of the Marne
The Second Battle of the Marne took place from July 15 to August 5, 1918. Opening an offensive along the Marne, the Germans made some progress before being stopped by Allied forces. Launching a counteroffensive on July 18, the Allies drove the Germans back across the Marne.

Battle of Messines - World War I Battle of Messines
The Battle of Messines occurred from June 7-14, 1917, and saw British troops attempt to capture Messines Ridge in Flanders. Detonating 19 mines, the British were able to take the ridge with relative ease. The victory at Messines was a prelude to the bloody Battle of Passchendaele.

World War I: Battle of Passchendaele (Third Ypres)
The Battle of Passchendaele, also known as the Third Battle of Ypres, was fought July to November 1917 during World War I. The Battle of Passchendaele saw Allied troops attack from the Ypres Salient with the goal of taking Passchendaele Ridge and wearing down the Germans. Though some ground was gained, the Battle of Passchendaele proved very costly for Allied forces.

Siege of Port Arthur - Russo-Japanese War Siege of Port Arthur
The siege of Port Arthur began in July 1904, when Japanese forces under Gen. Nogi Maresuke invested the city. Badly outnumbered, the Russians fought desperately for over five months before being compelled to surrender on January 2, 1905. The Siege of Port Arthur was one of the key battles of the Russo-Japanese War.

Mexican Revolution: US Punitive Expedition
The US Punitive Expedition to Mexico began in early 1916 in response to Pancho Villa's attacks across the border. Entering Mexico on March 15, the Punitive Expedition was led by BGen. John J. Pershing and was tasked with capturing Villa. It failed to do so and was withdrawn in early 1917 with the United States on the brink of entering World War I.

T.E. Lawrence of Arabia: British World War I Officer
T.E. Lawrence, a.k.a. Lawrence of Arabia was a noted British officer during World War I. Assigned to aid the Arab Revolt, T.E. Lawrence became renown for his combat leadership and strategic planning. T.E. Lawrence earned international fame for his exploits and was key to the revolt's success.

Samuel Dupont - Rear Admiral - Civil War
Rear Admiral Samuel Francis Du Pont entered the US Navy in 1815 and saw service during the Mexican-American War. Promoted to captain in 1855, Samuel Du Pont commanded the South Atantic Blockading Squadron during the Civil War. Samuel Du Pont is best remembered for his failed attack on Charleston in 1863.

USS Independence (CVL-22) - World War II
USS Independence (CVL-22) was the lead ship of its class of light aircraft carriers and saw active service in the Pacific during World War II.

USS Boxer (CV-21) - Korean War
USS Boxer (CV-21) was an Essex-class aircraft carrier built during World War II which later saw significant action during the Korean War.

Battleships - US Navy
Beginning in 1895 with USS Indiana, the US Navy worked to build a fleet of battleships to project its naval power. The type remained the service's chief capital ship until World War II.

Iowa-class (BB-61 to BB-64)
The Iowa-class was the final battleship design built by the US Navy and entered service in 1943.

John Bell Hood Biography - Civil War General
John Bell Hood was a notable Confederate commander during the Civil War. Hood served in both the East and West, developing a reputation an aggressive leader. Wounded several times, Hood led the Army of Tennessee to its destruction in 1864.

Connecticut-class (BB-18 to BB-22, BB-25)
Consisting of six ships, the Connecticut-class entered service in 1906 and carried four 12

Delaware-class (BB-28 to BB-29)
The Delaware-class of battleship entered commission in 1910 and mounted ten 12

Florida-class (BB-30 to BB-31)
The Florida-class entered service in 1911 and carried ten 12

Mississippi-class (BB-23 to BB-24)
The Mississippi-class consisted of two ships, this type was smaller than its predecessors and carried four 12

Nevada-class (BB-36 to BB-37)
The first of the Standard-type battleships, the Nevada-class entered service in 1916 and carried ten 14

New Mexico-class (BB-40 to BB-42)
The New Mexico-class was a Standard-type battleship that carried twelve 14

New York-class (BB-34 to BB-35)
The New York-class entered service in 1914 and was armed with ten 14

Pennsylvania-class (BB-38 to BB-39)
The Pennsylvania-class was a Standard-type battleship that carried twelve 14

South Carolina-class (BB-26 to BB-27)
The US Navy's first dreadnought battleships, the South Carolina-class entered service in 1910 and mounted eight 12

Virginia-class (BB-13 to BB-
The Virginia-class entered service in 1906 and consisted of five ship carrying four 12

Wyoming-class (BB-32 to BB-33)
The Wyoming-class mounted twelve 12

Colorado-class (BB-45 to BB-48)
The Colorado-class entered service in 1923 and was armed with eight 16

Illinois-class (BB-7 to BB-9)
The Illinois-class (BB-7 to BB-9) entered service in 1901 and consisted of three ships carrying four 13

Indiana-class Battleships
The Indiana- and Iowa-classes were early types of battleships built by the US Navy.

Kearsarge-class (BB-5 to BB-6)
Entering service in 1900, the two ship Kearsarge-class mounted four 13

Maine-class (BB-10 to BB-12)
The three-ship Maine-class of battleship entered commission in 1902 and mounted four 12

North Carolina-class (BB-55 to BB-56)
The North Carolina-class mounted nine 16

South Dakota-class (BB-49 to BB-54)
The South Dakota-class was intended to carry an armament of twelve 16

South Dakota-class (BB-57 to BB-60)
The South Dakota-class entered service in 1942 and mounted nine 16

Tennessee-class (BB-43 to BB-44)
The Tennessee-class was a Standard-type battleship which carried twelve 14

Operation Manna-Chowhound - World War II Operation Manna-Chowhound
Operations Manna and Chowhound were launched in April-May 1945, in an effort to alleviate starvation in the Netherlands. Flown by the RAF and US Army Air Force, Manna-Chowhound missions dropped food over occupied areas. Concluding May 8, the operations provided over 10,000 tons of food.

American Revolution: The Battle of Germantown
The Battle of Germantown was the second major battle of the 1777 Philadelphia Campaign. Fought on October 4, 1777, the Battle of Germantown saw General George Washington attempt a series of complicated attacks against British positions around Germantown, PA. During the assault, his men became lost in the fog and the attacks were defeated.

American Revolution: Battle of Long Island
Fought August 27-30, 1776, the Battle of Long Island saw the British force Gen. George Washington's army from Long Island. Occupying a line near Flatbush, the Americans were outflanked when British troops move through Jamaica Pass. Falling back, Washington waited two days before evacuating to Manhattan.

Biography of American Revolution General Nathanael Greene
A native of Rhode Island, General Nathanael Greene served in the Continental Army during the American Revolution. After several years with General George Washington's army, Greene was given command of Continental forces in the South. Fighting a brilliant campaign, Greene reclaimed much of the Carolinas by the war's end.

The Battle of Trenton (1776) - American Revolution
The Battle of Trenton was fought December 26, 1776, during the American Revolution. The Battle of Trenton occurred when American troops under Gen. George Washington crossed the Delaware River and launched a surprise attack on the Hessian garrison. A much-needed American victory, Trenton saw Washington capture most of the enemy force.

American Revolution - American Revolution Southern Campaigns
Following the Battle of Monmouth, the American Revolution shifted south as British forces attempted to subjugate the southern colonies. Though able to take the coastal cities, the British were forced to fight a costly and losing campaign inland. After a series of battles, British forces under Gen. Charles Cornwallis was forced to retreat north. Page 2.

Southern Campaigns - American Revolutionary War
Following the Battle of Monmouth, the American Revolution shifted south as British forces attempted to subjugate the southern colonies.

Major General Horatio Gates - American Revolution
Major General Horatio Gates was an American commander during the American Revolution. A veteran of the French & Indian War, Horatio Gates later led Amerocan forces at the key Battle of Saratoga. Assigned to command the Southern Department, Horatio Gates was badly defeated at Camden in 1780 and relieved of his post.

World War I: First Battle of Ypres Overview
The First Battle of Ypres was fought October 19 to November 22, 1914, during World War I. The First Battle of Ypres took place as the Allies sought to protect the Channel ports and Germany sought to turn the enemy's flank. After heavy fighting during the First Battle of Ypres, the Allies succeeded in holding the town.

Philippe Petain - Marshal Philippe Petain
Marshal Philippe Petain was a key French commander during World War I. Philippe Petain is best known for his leadership during the Battle of Verdun. During World War II, Philippe Petain became disgraced as he led the collaborationist Vichy French government.

Sergeant Alvin York Biography - World War I
Alvin C. York was a noted American soldier during World War I. On October 8, 1918, during the Meuse-Argonne Offensive, York captured 132 Germans single-handedly. For his achievement, Alvin York was awarded the Medal of Honor and became a national hero.

Operation Cobra - Normandy Invasion - World War II
Operation Cobra was conducted from July 25 to 31, 1944, during World War II. Operation Cobra saw Allied forces concentrate for a breakout from the Normandy beachhead. Breaking through the German lines, Operation Cobra led to maneuver warfare in northern France and the creation of the Falaise Pocket.

World War II: Field Marshal Walter Model
Field Marshal Walter Model was a noted German commander during World War II. A veteran of World War I, Walter Model saw action in Poland and France before becoming one of Germany's leading commanders on the Eastern Front. Brought west in 1944, Walter Model led troops during the Battle of the Bulge and ultimately committed suicide rather than surrender when surrounded in the Ruhr the following year.

Battle of the Falaise Pocket - World War II
The Battle of the Falaise Pocket was fought in August 1944 and saw German forces in Normandy crushed and forced to retreat across France.

World War II Operation Vengeance (Death of Yamamoto)
Operation Vengeance was conducted on April 18, 1943, and resulted in the death of Adm. Isoroku Yamamoto. Utilizing signals intelligence, the Allies planned Operation Vengeance after learning that Yamamoto would be flying through the Solomons. Flying from Guadalcanal, a flight of P-38s intercepted and downed Yamamoto's aircraft killing the admiral.

World War II: Fighting in North Africa and Italy
Following the fall of France, the fighting in World War II in Europe shifted to the sands of North Africa. Battling the famed

World War II Europe: Fighting in North Africa, Sicily, and Italy
Following the fall of France, the fighting in World War II in Europe shifted to the sands of North Africa. Battling the famed

World War II: Fighting in North Africa, Sicily and Italy, 1942-1944
An account of some WWII battles following the fall of France, including the Second Battle of El Alamein in North Africa and Operation Husky in Sicily. Page 2.

World War II: Blitzkrieg - Phony War to Fall of France
Following the outbreak of World War II after the invasion of Poland, Great Britain and France remained on the defensive. After defeating the Allies in Norway, the Germans launched a massive assault, sweeping through the Low Countries and France and forcing British troops to evacuate across the Channel. Standing alone, Britain successfully beat off German air attacks during the Battle of Britain.

World War II - Battle of Britain - German Defeat of France in World War II
Following the outbreak of World War II after the invasion of Poland, Great Britain and France remained on the defensive. After defeating the Allies in Norway, the Germans launched a massive assault, sweeping through the Low Countries and France and forcing British troops to evacuate across the Channel. Standing alone, Britain successfully beat off German air attacks during the Battle of Britain. Page 2.

Causes of World War II
The causes of World War II in Europe can be traced to the Treaty of Versailles which ended World War I. As a result of economic hardship imposed by the treaty, as well as the Great Depression, Germany embraced the fascist Nazi Party. Led by Adolf Hitler, the Nazis took control of the country and began a program of expansion that culminated with the invasion of Poland on September 1, 1939 and caused World War II to begin.

Causes of World War II - the Failure of Appeasement
The causes of World War II in Europe can be traced to the Treaty of Versailles which ended World War I. As a result of economic hardship imposed by the treaty, as well as the Great Depression, Germany embraced the fascist Nazi Party. Led by Adolf Hitler, the Nazis took control of the country and began a program of expansion that culminated with the invasion of Poland on September 1, 1939 and caused World War II to begin. Page 2.

Siege of Leningrad - World War II - Eastern Front
The Siege of Leningrad took place from September 8, 1941 to January 27, 1944, during World War II. Lasting 872 days, the Siege of Leningrad saw large numbers of casualties on both sides. Despite several assaults, the Germans were unable to bring the Siege of Leningrad to a successful conclusion.

Battle of Moscow - World War II - Operation Barbarossa
The Battle of Moscow began on October 2, 1941 and ended on January 7, 1942. In the Battle of Moscow, German forces launched Operation Typhoon to take the city but were turned back. The Battle of Moscow concluded with a Soviet counterattack which pushed the Germans back from the city.

World War II - Battle of the Seelow Heights
The Battle of the Seelow Heights was fought in April 1945 during World War II. Approaching Berlin, the Battle of Seelow Heights saw Soviet forces assault German defenses east of the city. Taking heavy losses, the Soviets broke through the Seelow Heights after three days of fighting.

Operation Torch - Invasion of North Africa
Operation Torch was launched November 8, 1942, and saw British and American forces land in North Africa. During Operation Torch, troops came ashore at Casablanca, Oran, and Algiers. Meeting mixed resistance from the Vichy French, the Torch landings saw the Allies establish a position in western North Africa.

First Battle of El Alamein- World War II (North Africa)
The First Battle of El Alamein was fought July 1 to 27, 1942, during World War II. Falling back from their defeat at the Battle of Gazala, British forces assumed a new defensive line inside Egypt at El Alamein. Assaulting the El Alamein position, Field Marshal Erwin Rommel was unable to break through.

World War II - the Battle of Gazala
The Battle of Gazala was fought May 26 to June 21, 1942 during the Western Desert Campaign of World War II. Attacking, Panzer Army Afrika engaged British and Free French forces along the Gazala Line. Breaking the Allied position, Gen. Erwin Rommel drove them back into Egypt.

Battle of Corregidor- 1945 - World War II - Liberation of the Philippines
The Battle of Corregidor was fought February 16-26, 1945, during World War II. Returning to the Philippines, American troops commenced the Battle of Corregidor to liberate the island which had fallen to the Japanese in May 1942. In the Battle of Corregidor, American troops landed and parachuted onto the island and overwhelmed Japanese forces.

Battle of Makin - World War II - Pacfiic Theater - Makin Atoll
The Battle of Makin was fought November 20-23, 1943, during World War II. Landing, elements of V Amphibious Corps opened the Battle of Makin and engaged the Japanese defenders. In three days of fighting, American forces won the Battle of Makin and captured the atoll.

Battle of Milne Bay - World War II - New Guinea
The Battle of Milne Bay was fought August 25 to September 7, 1942, during World War II. Landing on eastern New Guinea, the Battle of Milne Bay saw Japanese forces attempt to capture key airfields from the Allies. In the Battle of Milne Bay, Allied troops repulsed the Japanese inflicing their first major land defeat on the enemy.

Battle of Corregidor, 1942 - World War II
Japanese forces overwhelmed the heavily fortified island in Manila Bay, the last point of resistance for Allied forces during the invasion of Luzon.

Battle of Chantilly - Civil War Battle of Chantilly
The Battle of Chantilly was fought September 1, 1862, during the Northern Virginia Campaign of the Civil War. In the wake of the victory at Second Manassas, Gen. Robert E. Lee attempted to turn the Union flank at Centreville. Dispatching troops, they were checked by Union forces at Chantilly.

American Civil War: Major General Daniel Sickles
Major General Daniel Sickles was a Union commander during the Civil War. A political appointee, Daniel Sickles rose to command III Corps in the Army of the Potomac. During the Battle of Gettysburg, Daniel Sickles famously disobeyed orders and advanced his command in a manner which endangered the Union line. During the fighting, Daniel Sickles lost a leg.

Battle of Jerusalem Plank Road - American Civil War - Siege of Petersburg
The Battle of Jerusalem Plan Road was fought June 21-23, 1864, during the American Civil War. Fought during the Siege of Petersburg, the Battle of Jerusalem Plank Road saw Union forces attempt to sever the Weldon Railroad. The fighting at the Battle of Jerusalem Plank Road saw the Confederates hold the railroad but Union forces extend their siege lines west.

Major General David B. Birney - Civil War
Major General David B. Birney was a Union commander during the American Civil War who took part in many of the campaigns of the Army of the Potomac and was considered one of the conflict's more successful political generals.

World War II: Douglas SBD Dauntless
The Douglas SBD Dauntless was the US Navy's principal dive bomber during the first half of World War II. Introduced in 1940, the Dauntless play a pivotal role at the Battles of the Coral Sea and Midway. Beginning in 1943, the US Navy began replacing the SBD Dauntless with the SB2C Helldiver.

World War II - The Battle of Singapore
The Battle of Singapore was fought in early 1942 during World War II. The Battle of Singapore saw a smaller Japanese force force the surrender of Britain's strongest outpost in the Far East. Defeated at Singapore, the British lost over 100,000 men.

Battle of Anzio - World War II - Italian Campaign
The Battle of Anzio began on January 22, 1944, with Allied troops landing as part of Operation Shingle. Blocked by the Germans at Monte Cassino, Allied leaders hoped to outflank the Winter Line by landing further north at Anzio. While a beachhead was established around Anzio, it was soon contained by German forces. The Allies would not break out from Anzio until May.

Battle of Monte Cassino, Italy - World War II History
The Battle of Monte Cassino was fought January 17 to May 18, 1944, during World War II. Part of the Italian Campaign, the Battle of Monte Cassino saw German forces initially halt the Allied advance up the peninsula. After four engagements, which included the controversial destruction of Monte Cassino Abbey, the Allies succeeded in breaking through and opened the way for the capture of Rome.

World War II: Operation Dragoon Overview (1944)
Operation Dragoon was conducted August 15, 1944, as Allied troops landed in southern France. Coming ashore during Operation Dragoon, Allied forces caused German Army Group G to retreat from the region. Operation Dragoon forced the Germans to pull back to the Vosges Mountains.

Battle and Evacuation of Dunkirk (World War II)
Fighting the Battle of Dunkirk, the British Expeditionary Force struggled to hold off the German advance in order to allow Allied forces to evacuate to England. Forming a defensive perimeter around Dunkirk, British forces held out long enough to allow a wide variety of vessels to rescue over 330,000 men. Though a defeat, the success of the Dunkirk evacuation allowed Britain to continue the war.

World War II: Operation Sea Lion - Invasion of Britain, 1940
Operation Sea Lion was the German plan for the invasion of Britain. Germany hoped to launch Operation Sea Lion sometime in late 1940 following the Fall of France. After their defeat in the Battle of Britain, Germany indefinitely postponed Operation Sea Lion.

World War II: Battle of Crete
The Battle of Crete was fought from May 20 to June 1, 1941 during World War II. The Battle of Crete saw the Germans make large scale use of paratroopers during the invasion. Though a victory, the Battle of Crete saw these forces sustain such high losses that they were not used again by the Germans.

World War II - Dieppe Raid - Operation Jubilee
Launched on August 19, 1942, the Dieppe Raid was an Allied effort to capture and occupy the port of Dieppe, France for a short period. Meant to gather intelligence and test strategies for the invasion of Europe, the Dieppe Raid was a complete failure and resulted in the loss of over 50% of the troops landed. The lessons learned during the Dieppe Raid influenced later Allied amphibious operations.

B-24 Liberator - World War II History
The Consolidated B-24 Liberator was one of the principal heavy bombers used by the US Army Air Force during World War II. First flying in late 1939, the B-24 Liberator saw extensive service during the war and was also used for maritime patrols. One of the B-24's most famous raids occured in 1943, when the aircraft struck the oil fields near Ploesti.

Messerschmitt Me 262 - German World War II Jet Fighter
The Messerschmitt Me 262 was the world's first operational jet fighter. A groundbreaking aircraft, the Me 262 entered service in 1944. Though faster than Allied fighters, the Me 262 was not as maneuverable and never appeared in large enough numbers to have an impact on the war.

Battle of Cape Matapan - World War II Battle of Cape Matapan
The Battle of Cape Matapan saw British naval forces inflict a severe defeat on the Italian Regia Marina. Fighting off Cape Matapan on March 27-29, 1941, Admiral Sir Andrew Cunningham's ships sank three heavy cruisers, two destroyers, as well as badly damaged a battleship. The victory at Cape Matapan led to the Italians abandoning the eastern Mediterranean.

Towton - Battle of Towton - Wars of the Roses - Edward IV
The Battle of Towton was fought March 29, 1461, during the War of the Roses. The largest battle ever fought in Britain, Towton saw Lancastrian and Yorkist forces clash in a day-long fight. The Battle of Towton turned when Yorkist reinforcements arrived allowing them to drive off the enemy.

Warsaw Uprising - Warsaw Ghetto Uprising
The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising took place from April 19 to May 16, 1943, during World War II. In the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, the Jewos of the Warsaw Ghetto rose up against the Nazis to halt transport of residents to Treblinka. The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising was ultimately crushed by the Germans.

Operation Jaywick - World War II History
Operation Jaywick was conducted on September 26, 1943 against Japanese shipping in Singapore harbor. The Operation Jaywick team consisted of personnel from Z Force, Special Operations Australia. Infiltrating Singapore harbor, they attacked seven Japanese ships and successfully escaped.

Battle of Kharkov - Third Battle of Kharkov
The Third Battle of Kharkov was fought between February 19 and March 15, 1943 during World War II. Counterattacking after their defeat at Stalingrad, German forces opened the Third Battle of Kharkov and drove back the Russians. The battle came to an end when German troops re-captured Kharkov.

World War II: Battle of Hong Kong
The Battle of Hong Kong was fought December 8-25, 1941, during World War II. Attacking Hong Kong, the Japanese were able to overwhelm the British garrison. The Battle of Hong Kong ended on December 25 with the colony's surrender and the date became known as

The Battle of Stalingrad, World War II
The Battle of Stalingrad was a key battle on the Eastern Front during World War II. Advancing into the Soviet Union, the Germans opened the Battle of Stalingrad in July 1942. After over six months of fighting at Stalingrad, the German Sixth Army was encircled and captured. The Soviet victory at Stalingrad was a turning point on the Eastern Front.

World War II: Battle of Kasserine Pass - North Africa
The Battle of Kasserine Pass was the first major clash between American and German forces during World War II. Fought February 19-25, 1943, the Battle of Kasserine Pass saw the Germans soundly defeat US troops under Maj. Gen. Lloyd Fredenhall. The defeat at Kasserine Pass led to sweeping changes in the US organization of forces and comjmand structure.

Vietnam War: The Easter Offensive
The Easter Offensive commenced on March 30, 1972, and saw North Vietnamese forces attack South Vietnam on three fronts. After achieving initial success, the offensive was turned back by South Vietnamese troops backed by the heavy application of American air power. Despite the North's defeat, the Easter Offensive captured approximately 10% of South Vietnam.

Fall of Saigon - Vietnam War Fall of Saigon
The Fall of Saigon took place on April 30, 1975, when North Vietnamese troops captured the city. The Fall of Saigon marked an end to the Vietnam War and saw the country reunited under Communist rule. During the Fall of Saigon, US aircraft conducted a massive airlift to remove personnel and friendly civilians.

Battle of Paardeberg - Second Boer War Battle of Paardeberg
The Battle of Paardeberg was fought between February 18-27, 1900, following the end of the siege of Kimberley. Retreating from Kimberly, Boer forces were intercepted by the British at Paardeberg. After direct assaults failed, the British forced the Boars to surrender after a short siege.

Battle of Spion Kop - Second Boer War Battle of Spion Kop
The Battle of Spion Kop was fought January 23-24, 1900, during the Second Boer War. British forces advancing to relieve the Siege of Ladysmith attacked Boer forces around the hill of Spion Kop. Unable to break through in the Battle of Spion Kop, they sustained heavy losses in the process.

Siege of Ladysmith - Second Boer War Siege of Ladysmith
The Siege of Ladysmith occurred during the early days of the Second Boer War. Commencing on November 2, 1899, Boer forces surrounded British positions for 118 days. The siege of Ladysmith was finally lifted on February 28, 1900, when troops under Sir Redvers Buller broke through the Boer lines.

Battle of Omdurman - Mahdist War (Horatio Kitchener)
The Battle of Omdurman resulted when the British clashed with the Mahdists on September 2, 1898. Fighting near Khartoum, Sudan, the British under Lord Horatio Kitchener deployed modern weapons and decimated Abdullah al-Taashi's men at the Battle of Omdurman. The victory at the Battle of Omdurman reasserted British power in eastern Africa.

Anglo Zanzibar War - Shortest Conflict in History
Occurring from approximately 9:00-9:45 AM on August 27, 1896, the Anglo-Zanzibar War is widely believed to be the shortest war in history. Fought between Britain and Khalid bin Barghash, the Anglo-Zanzibar conflict arose after a dispute over who would become the sultan of Zanzibar.

Mahdist War and the Siege of Khartoum
The Siege of Khartoum took place March 13, 1884 to January 26, 1885, during the Mahdist War. Held by forces led by Major General Charles Gordon the city fell and the garrison was massacred.

Battle of Aliwal - First Sikh War Battle of Aliwal
The Battle of Aliwal was fought January 28, 1846, during the First Anglo-Sikh War. Advancing to threaten the British rear, Sikh troops occupied Aliwal along the Sutlej River. To clear this threat, the British dispatched Gen. Sir Harry Smith to the area. Attacking the Sikhs at Aliwal, the defeated them and forced them to retreat.

The Siege of Lucknow During the Sepoy Mutiny (1857)
The Siege of Lucknow took place during the Sepoy Mutiny of 1857. Besieged in the Residency, British forces held the building against the rebels for two periods lasting 87 and 61 days. The Siege of Lucknow ended after the second relief of the city when British forces withdrew.

Siege of Paris - Franco Prussian War Siege of Paris
The Siege of Paris began following the French defeat at Sedan. Encircled on September 19, 1870, the city's defenders held out for over four months against their Prussian attackers. On January 28, 1871, three after after the Prussians began shelling the city, the French surrendered ending the siege of Paris and effectively ending the war.

Battles and Wars 1800s
The 19th century saw some of the most influential battles and wars of all time, many of which helped draw the map of the modern world. Here we examine conflicts from Napoleon to the Spanish American War.

Mexican-American War
A border war that dramatically increased the size of the United States and made heroes of Zachary Taylor and Winfield Scott, here we examine the 1846-1848 conflict between the United States and Mexico.

Battle of Cerro Gordo - Mexican-American War - Winfield Scott at Cerro Gordo
The Battle of Cerro Gordo was fought April 18, 1847, during the Mexican-American War. Advancing from Veracruz, Maj. Gen. Winfield Scott's army found the Mexicans blocking its advance at Cerro Gordo. In the Battle of Cerro Gordo, the Americans were able to flank the Mexican position and rout the enemy.

The Battle of the Alamo 1836 - Texas Revolution
The Battle of Alamo was fought between Texan and Mexican forces between February 23 and March 6, 1836. Fighting for independence, the Texans fortified the Alamo and withstood a thirteen-day siege before Mexican forces overran the mission. Noted frontiermen Jim Bowie and Davy Crockett were killed in the fighting.

Battle of Inkerman - Crimean War Battle of Inkerman
Battle of Inkerman was fought November 5, 1854, when the Russians attacked Allied positions outside Sevastopol. Striking at the Allied left on the Inkerman Heights, the Russians fought in heavy fog. The Battle of Inkerman resulted in a Allied victory which crippled the fighting spirit of the Russian.

Goliad Massacre - Texas Revolution - James Fannin
The Goliad Massacre took place on March 27, 1836, during the Texas Revolution. Having surrendered after the Battle of Coleto, Colonel James Fannin's command was massacred by Mexican forces at Goliad. In the course of the Goliad Massacre, 342 Texan prisoners were killed.

Texas Revolution: Battle of San Jacinto 1836
Fought on April 21, 1836, the Battle of San Jacinto secured independence for the Republic of Texas. After retreating back the San Jacinto River, General Sam Houston turned and attacked a Mexican army led by Jose Lopez de Santa Anna. Yelling

American Civil War - American Civil War in the East
The first two years of the American Civil War in the east were marked by a string of Confederate victories and the rise of Robert E. Lee. The Union employed a succession of generals in numerous attempts to capture Richmond and achieve victory in the Civil War. Page 2.

American Civil War - American Civil War Eastern Theater 1862 to 1863
The first two years of the American Civil War in the east were marked by a string of Confederate victories and the rise of Robert E. Lee. The Union employed a succession of generals in numerous attempts to capture Richmond and achieve victory in the Civil War.

American Civil War-American Civil War in the East
The first two years of the American Civil War in the east were marked by a string of Confederate victories and the rise of Robert E. Lee. The Union employed a succession of generals in numerous attempts to capture Richmond and achieve victory in the Civil War. Page 3.

The Causes of the American Civil War
The American Civil War was the result of a variety of causes ranging from slavery and states rights to industrialization and societal change. These causes touched off secession and hostilities.

Causes of the American Civil War
The American Civil War was the result of a variety of causes ranging from slavery and states rights to industrialization and societal change. These causes of the Civil War when combined with the election of Abraham Lincoln in 1860 touched off secession and hostilities. Page 2.

First Shots of the American Civil War
The American Civil War first began when Confederate troops opened fire on Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor. Following this attack, President Lincoln called for volunteer troops to put down the rebellion. The American Civil War began in earnest in July at the First Battle of Bull Run.

Battle of Plattsburgh - War of 1812 - Thomas MacDonough
The Battle of Plattsburgh was fought Septebmer 6-11, 1814 during the War of 1812. The Battle of Plattsburgh saw British forces advancing down Lake Champlain clash with American forces on the lake and on land. Defeated at the Battle of Plattsburgh, the British were forced to retreat north.

USS Constitution and HMS Guerriere - War of 1812 USS Constitution and HMS Guerriere
Meeting 400 miles SE of Halifax, Nova Scotia, USS Constitution engaged and captured HMS Guerriere on August 19, 1812. The battle was the first in a series of single-ship victories for the US Navy over the Royal Navy during the early days of the War of 1812.

Siege of Detroit - War of 1812
The Siege of Detroit took place August 15-16, 1812, during the early days of the War of 1812. Advancing on Detroit, Major General Isaac Brock and Tecumseh laid siege. Convincing the American commander that they had a larger force, they won the Siege of Detroit.

Siege of Fort Wayne - War of 1812 - William Henry Harrison
The Siege of Fort Wayne took place September 5-12, 1812, during the War of 1812. Laying siege to Fort Wayne, Native American forces mounted several attacks against the fort. These were repulsed and the Native Americans withdrew as William Henry Harrison neared with a relief army.

Battle of Stoney Creek - War of 1812 Battle of Stoney Creek
The Battle of Stoney Creek was fought June 6, 1813, during the War of 1812. Having been defeated at the Battle of Fort George, British forces fell back. Counterattacking at Stoney Creek, they succeeded in defeating an American force and capturing its commanders.

Battle of Frenchtown - War of 1812 - River Raisin Massacrce
The Battle of Frenchtown was fought January 18-23, 1813, during the War of 1812. Moving north to retake Detroit, American troops opened the Battle of Frenchtown. Counterattacked later by the British and Native Americans, American forces were beaten at the Battle of Frenchtown and a large number of prisoners were killed.

Creek War: Battle of Horseshoe Bend
The Battle of Horseshoe Bend occurred on March 27, 1814, during the Creek War. Leading American forces, Maj. Gen. Andrew Jackson attacked the Red Sticks along the Tallapoosa River. In the fighting at Horseshoe Bend, the Red Sticks were defeated and the conflict effectively ended.

Battle of Crysler's Farm - War of 1812 Battle of Crysler's Farm
The Battle of Crysler's Farm was fought November 11, 1813, during the War of 1812. Advancing down the St. Lawrence River, American forces encountered a British blocking force at Crysler's Farm. Attacking, the Americans were turned back and defeated.

Battle of Bladensburg - War of 1812
The Battle of Bladensburg was fought August 24, 1814, during the War of 1812. Landing in Maryland, British troops advanced on Washington, DC via Bladensburg. Reaching the town, they routed American troops at the Battle of Bladensburg before capturing the capital.

Battle of the Chateauguay - War of 1812 - St. Lawrence Campaign
The Battle of Chateauguay was fought October 26, 1813, during the War of 1812. Advancing into Quebec, an American army led by Major General Wade Hampton clashed with French Canadian and Native American forces at the Battle of Chateauguay. In the fighting at Chateauguay, the Americans were defeated and forced to retreat.

Battle of Fort George - War of 1812 - Lake Ontario
The Battle of Fort George was fought May 25 to 27, 1813, during the War of 1812. Moving across Lake Ontario, American forces mounted an amphibious assault and opened the Battle of Fort George. Attacking, the Americans won the Battle of Fort George and forced the British to withdraw.

USS Wyoming - BB-32 - World War I - US Navy
USS Wyoming (BB-32) was the lead ship of its class of battleship. Entering service in 1912, USS Wyoming took part in World War I. Converted to a gunnery training ship, USS Wyoming (AG-17) fulfilled this role through World War II.

USS New York - BB-34 - World War II - US Navy
USS New York (BB-34) was the lead ship of its class of battleships. Entering service in 1914, USS New York saw service in both World War I and World War II. After taking part in the latter conflict, USS New York survived the atomic testing at Bikini Atoll and was later sunk as a target ship.

USS Texas - BB-35 - Battleship - World War II
USS Texas (BB-35) was a New York-class battleship that entered service with the US Navy in 1914. Seeing service in World War II, USS Texas saw service in both the Atlantic and Pacific. Following the war, USS Texas became a museum ship near Houston.

Admiral Hugh Rodman - World War I
Admiral Hugh Rodman was an American naval leader who saw service during the Spanish-American War and later commanded the only US battleship division to serve abroad during World War I.

Vietnam War - F-105 Thunderchief Profile
The F-105 Thunderchief was one of the US Air Force's primary fighter-bombers during the Vietnam War. Widely used for strike bombing over North Vietnam, the F-105 also was employed in a

Battle of Copenhagen - Napoleonic Wars Battle of Copenhagen
The Battle of Copenhagen saw the British attack the Danish fleet in Copenhagen Roads on April 2, 1801. Led by Vice Admiral Horatio Nelson, the British closed with the enemy fleet and forced its surrender. During the Battle of Copenhagen, Nelson famously ignored orders to break off the action.

Brigadier General John C. Caldwell - American Civil War
Brigadier General John C. Caldwell was a Union division commander in the Army of the Potomac who saw heavy fighting at the Battle of Gettysburg.

Battle of Albuera - Peninsular War Battle of Albuera
The Battle of Albuera was fought on May 16, 1811, and saw Allied forces compel a French expedition to retreat from the area near Badajoz. Led by Marshal Soult, the French intended to get between the British and Spanish armies but were prevented from doing so and the forces clashed near the village of Albuera.

Battle of Vitoria - Peninsular War Battle of Vitoria
The Battle of Vitoria was fought June 21, 1813, during the Peninsular War. Engaging French forces near the town of Vitoria, the Marquess of Wellington succeeded in winning a key victory. Routed at the Battle of Vitoria, Joseph Bonaparte retreated north with Wellington in pursuit.

Battle of Fuentes de Onoro - Peninsular War - Duke of Wellington
The Battle of Fuentes de Onoro was fought May 3-6, 1811, during the Peninsular War. Moving to relieve Almeida, Marshal Massena engaged Viscount Wellington at Fuentes de Onoro. In heavy fighting, Wellington was able to hold off the French and maintain the siege of Almeida.

Battle of Talavera - Napoleonic Wars Battle of Talavera - Peninsular War Battle of Talavera
Part of the Peninsular War, the Battle of Talavera was fought soutwest of Madrid on July 27-28, 1809. In the fighting, the forces of Arthur Wellesley defeated French troops and compelled them to withdraw. Despite the victory at Talavera, the English were soon forced to retreat to due to supply issues and the arrival of French reinforcements.

Vimeiro - Battle of Vimeiro - Peninsular War - Napoleonic Wars
The Battle of Vimeiro was fought August 21, 1808 during the Peninsular War. Attacking near the village of Vimeiro, French troops engaged British forces under Sir Arthur Wellesley. In the resulting Battle of Vimeiro the British succeeded in defeating the French.

Battle of Hohenlinden - War of the Second Coalition Battle of Hohenlinden - Jean Moreau
The Battle of Hohenlinden was fought in the snowy hills and woods north of Munich. In the fighting, a French Revolutionary army under General Jean Moreau crushed a larger Austrian army led by Archduke John. The victory at Hohenlinden, coupled with Napoleon's triumph at Marengo ended the War of the Second Coalition.

Napoleonic Wars - French Revolutionary Wars - French Revolution and Napoleon Bonaparte - Wars of the French Revolution - Defeat of Napoleon
Fought between 1792 and 1815, the French Revolutionary Wars and the Napoleonic Wars consumed Western Europe. Fought between France and various coalitions of Britain, Prussia, Austria, Russia, and Portugal, the wars saw the rise and fall of Napoleon Bonaparte. The conflicts came to an end following his defeat at Waterloo in 1815.

Battle of Marengo - War of the Second Coalition Battle of Marengo Napoleon Bonaparte
The Battle of Marengo began with an Austrian attack on Napoleon's French forces on June 14, 1800. Regrouping, Napoleon was able to counterattack and drive the Austrians from the field. Coupled with the victory at Hohenlinden, the Battle of Marengo aided in ending the War of the Second Coalition in a French victory.

French Revolutionary Wars - Wars of the French Revolution
A list of battles from the French Revolutionary Wars.

The Peninsular War - Napolepnic Wars - Battles
A list of battles from the Peninsular War.

Napoleonic Wars Battle of Waterloo 1815 - Duke of Wellington
The Battle of Waterloo was fought June 18, 1815 during the Napoleonic Wars. Waterloo was final battle of the conflict and occurred following Napoleon's return from Elba. The Battle of Waterloo saw the Duke of Wellington's army win a decisive victory which ultimately forced Napoleon's surrender.

Battle of Wagram - Napoleonic Wars Battle of Wagram
Fought in 1809, the Battle of Wagram was the pivotal battle of the War of the Fifth Coalition. Fought near the village of Wagram, Napoleon soundly defeated the army of Archduke Charles of Austria.

Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Borodino
The Battle of Borodino was fought September 7, 1812, during Napoleon's invasion of Russia. Attacking Russian positions around Borodino, the French both inflicted and sustained heavy losses. Though the Russians departed after the Battle of Borodino, their army remained intact.

Battle of Corunna - Napoleonic Wars Battle of Corunna
Fought on January 16, 1809, the Battle of Corunna was a British tactical victory that allowed the army of Sir John Moore to evacuate northern Spain. Battling on the heights outside Corunna, the British held off French attacks and were able to board their ships that night. Sir John Moore was killed in the fighting.

Battle of Tolentino - Neapolitan War Battle of Tolentino
Fought May 2-3, 1815, the Battle of Tolentino marked the beginning of the end for Joachim Murat's reign as king of Naples. Engaging the Austrians near Tolentino, Italy, Murat was defeated by General Frederick Bianchi. The Neapolitan army ceased to be an effective fighting force after the Battle of Tolentino.

Battle of Aspern-Essling - Napoleonic Wars Battle of Aspern-Essling
The Battle of Aspern-Essling was fought on May 21-22, 1809, during the War of the Fifth Coalition. Attempting to force a crossing of the Danube, Napoleon was blocked by Archduke Charles who attacked French forces in Aspern and Essling. The loss at Aspern-Essling was Napoleon's first defeat in over a decade.

Battle of Friedland - Napoleonic Wars Battle of Friedland
The Battle of Friedland was fought June 14, 1807, during the War of the Fourth Coalition. Attacking the Russians near Friedland, Napoleon succeeded in driving them from the field. The Battle of Friedland effectively ended the War of the Fourth Coalition.

Battle of Austerlitz - Napoleonic Wars
The Battle of Austerlitz was one of Napoleon Bonaparte's greatest victories. Fought on December 2, 1805, Austerlitz is also known as the Battle of the Three Emperors as Russian and Austrian forces were led by Tsar Alexander I and Emperor Francis II. The French victory at Austerlitz ended the War of the Third Coalition and led to the Austrians signing the Treaty of Pressburg

Battle of Woerth - Franco-Prussian War
The Battle of Woerth (Wörth) was fought August 6, 1870, during the Franco-Prussian War. The Battle of Woerth was fought during the opening stages of the conflict. In the fighting at Woerth, the French were badly defeated.

Battle of South Mountain - Battle of South Mountain Civil War
The Battle of South Mountain occurred on September 14, 1862, as Union forces sought to exploit the capture of Confederate Order 191. Attacking Turner's, Fox's, and Crampton's Gaps, Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan wished to cross the mountain and assault Gen. Robert E. Lee's army before it could concentrate. Winning a victory, McClellan continued the fighting three days later at Antietam.

Satsuma Rebellion: Battle of Shiroyama, 1877
The final engagement of the Satsuma Rebellion (1877) between the samurai and the Imperial Japanese Army.

Great Sioux War - Battle of the Little Bighorn 1876
The Battle of the Little Bighorn was fought June 25-26, 1876 during the Great Sioux War. Also known as Custer's Last Stand, the battle saw the majority of Lieutenant Colonel George Custer's command destroyed.

Battle of Boyaca - Simon Bolivar at the Battle of Boyaca
The Battle of Boyaca was a key battle in the Wars for South American Independence. Led by Simón Bolívar, patriot forces routed a Spanish force near the el Puente de Boyacá bridge. The victory was vital in securing independence for modern-day Colombia.

Second Opium War: Overview and History
Fought between 1856 and 1860, the Second Opium War led to the further opening of China to foreign influence and contributed to the spread of imperialism. Led by Britain and France, Western forces were able to defeat the Chinese and gain significant concessions. The Second Opium War was ended by the Convention of Peking.

Battle of Derna - First Barbary War
The Battle of Derna was fought between April 27 and May 13, 1805. Leading a contingent of US Marines and mercenaries, William Eaton and 1Lt. Presley O'Bannon succeeded in capturing the port of Derne from the forces of Yusuf Karamanli. The victory at Derne was a key moment in the conflict and gave birth to the line

The Battle of Tippecanoe (1811) - Tecumseh's War
The Battle of Tippecanoe was fought November 7, 1811, and was the climatic battle of Tecumseh's War. Fighting near the Tippecanoe River, William Henry Harrison defended against attacks by Tenskwatawa's Native American forces. Harrison's victory at Tippecanoe damaged Tecumseh's vision of uniting the Native Americans and helped lead to the War of 1812.

Great Locomotive Chase - Civil War - Andrews Raid
The Great Locomotive Chase took place April 12, 1862, during the American Civil War. Seeking to damage the Western and Atlantic Railroad between Atlanta and Chattanooga, Union raiders led by James Andrews stole a locomotive and began destroying the rails. Pursued by Confederate forces during the Great Locomotive Chase, Andrews and his men were later captured.

Second Battle of Corinth - American Civil War - William Rosecrans - Earl Van Dorn
The Second Battle of Corinth was fought October 3-4, 1862, during the American Civil War. Having won the the Battle of Iuka, Maj. Gen. William Rosecrans moved to Corinth, MS where he was attacked by Confederate forces. In the fighting at the Second Battle of Corinth, Union forces won another victory.

Battle of Fort Pulaski - Civil War Battle of Fort Pulaski
The Battle of Fort Pulaski took place April 10-11, 1862, during the American Civil War. Defending Savannah, Fort Pulaski was attacked by Union artillery firing from nearby Tybee Island. After an intense bombardment, Fort Pulaski was compelled to surrender closing Savannah to Confederate shipping.

Battle of Wilson's Creek - Civil War - Missouri
The Battle of Wilson's Creek was fought August 10, 1861, during the American Civil War. Advancing on Confederate forces, Brigadier General Nathaniel Lyon attacked at the Battle of Wilson's Creek. In heavy fighting along Wilson's Creek, Lyon was killed and Union troops defeated.

Battle of the Basque Roads - Napoleonic Wars Battle of the Basque Roads
The Battle of the Basque Roads was fought April 11-13, 1809, during the Napoleonic Wars. Assaulting the French fleet in Basque Roads, the British opened the battle by attacking with fireships. These forced many French ships in Basque Roads ashore and though some were taken, the British failed to fully exploit the success.

World War II Warships - World War II Warships and Navies
Fought around the globe, navies played a key role in World War II. The conflict is most notable for the rise of the aircraft carrier as a fleet's most significant offensive weapon and the decline of the battleship. Here we examine the ships that dueled during the conflict.

USS Bennington (CV-20) - World War II - Vietnam War
USS Bennington (CV-20) was an Essex-class aircraft carrier that entered service in 1944 and saw combat operations during World War II and the Vietnam War.

Operation Michael - World War I Operation Michael
Operation Michael was the first phase of the 1918 German Spring Offensive. Attacking the area of St.-Quentin, Operation Michael was intended to separate British and French forces and drive the former in to the sea. Launched on March 21, the Germans made significant gains before being halted at Villers-Bretonneux.

Invasion of Italy, 1943 - World War II
The Invasion of Italy was conducted from September 3-16, 1943, during World War II. First landing in Calabria, Allied troops soon expanded the invasion.

John Jervis - Earl of St. Vincent - Admiral of the Fleet - Napoleonic Wars
Admiral of the Fleet John Jervis, 1st Earl of St. Vincent was a key British naval commander and administrator during the French Revolutionary/Napoleonic Wars. Seeing service during the Seven Years' and American Revolution, John Jervis later won the Battle of St. Vincent in 1797. John Jervis later served as First Lord of the Admiralty.

Battle of Nassau - American Revolution - New Providence Expedition - Revolutionary War
The Battle of Nassau was fought March 3-4, 1776, during the American Revolution. Sailing south, an American squadron attacked Nassau (New Providence Island) with the goal of munitions and artillery. In the resulting Battle of Nassau, American forces captured the island and held it for two weeks before withdrawing.

Eastern Theater of the Civil War - Battles of the Eastern Theater of the Civil War
Here we look at the campaigns and battles of the Eastern Theater of the American Civil War.

Battle of Fort Sumter - Civil War
The Battle of Fort Sumter was fought April 12-14, 1861, and marked the opening of the American Civil War. After preventing several relief attempts, Confederate troops opened fire on Fort Sumter at 4:30 AM on April 12. After a 34-hour bombardment, the garrison agreed to surrender.

American Civil War: Surrender at Appomattox
Appomattox Court House was the site where the Army of Northern Virginia was forced to surrender on April 9, 1865. Retreating from Petersburg, the army reached Appomattox but was hemmed in by Union troops. Unable to escape, Gen. Robert E. Lee surrendered his command to Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant.

Civil War Battles - 1863 - East
A list of Civil War battles fought in the East during 1863.

Civil War Battles - 1861
A list of Civil War battles fought in the East during 1861.

Civil War Battles - East - 1865
A list of Civil War battles fought in the East during 1865.

American Civil War - Andersonville Prison
Andersonville Prison was the most notorious prisoner of war camp of the Civil War. Constructed in southern Georgia, the 26.5 acre, open stockade received over 45,000 prisoners during its year of operation. Plagued by disease and starvation, 12,913 Union prisoners died at Andersonville.

Battle of Chickamauga - American Civil War - William Rosecrans - Braxton Bragg
Coming just after the Tullahoma Campaign, the Battle of Chickamauga occurred September 18-20, 1863. Fought south of Chattanooga, TN, the Battle of Chickamauga saw Union forces under Maj. Gen. William Rosecrans defeated and forced to retreat. Fleeing to Chattanooga, the Army of the Cumberland was placed under siege by Confederate forces in the weeks after the Battle of Chickamauga.

1775 Battle and Capture of Fort Ticonderoga
The Capture of Fort Ticonderoga took place May 10, 1775 during the American Revolution. Taking the garrison by surprise, American forces led by Colonels Ethan Allen and Benedict Arnold swiftly overwhelmed the defenders. After the capture of Fort Ticonderoga, American troops took the fort at Crown Point.

American Civil War: Nathan Bedford Forrest
Nathan Bedford Forrest was a Confederate lieutenant general during the Civil War. A cavalryman, Nathan Bedford Forrest saw extensive service in the Western Theater and became one of the most feared Confederate officers in the region. Nathan Bedfored Forrest was a master of mobile warfare and is often remembered fast attacks and raid.

American Civil War - Battle of Hampton Roads
The Battle of Hampton Roads occurred on March 8-9, 1862, and was the first fight between ironclad warships. Attacking wooden Union ships off Hampton Roads on March 8, CSS Virginia caused heavy damage. The next day, it returned and battled the newly arrived ironclad USS Monitor to a stalemate.

Battle of Pea Ridge - Civil War Battle of Pea Ridge - Civil War
The Battle of Pea Ridge was fought in Arkansas on March 7-8, 1862. In the fighting at the Battle of Pea Ridge, Union forces led by Brig. Gen. Samuel Curtis defeated Maj. Gen. Earl Van Dorn's Confederate troops. The victory at Pea Ridge effectively cemented Union control of Missouri.

American Revolution: The Boston Massacre
The Boston Massacre took place on March 5, 1770, and helped lead to the American Revolution. The Boston Massacre saw a mob clash with British troops as part of a larger protest against taxation without representation. In the Boston Massacre, five civilians were killed.

Sir Thomas Fairfax - English Civil War - New Model Army
Sir Thomas Fairfax, 3rd Lord Fairfax of Cameron, was a noted Parliamentarian commander during the English Civil War. Active during the fighting, Sir Thomas Fairfax led the New Model Army to victory at the Battle of Naseby in 1645. In 1660, Sir Thomas Fairfax was active in the Restoration of Charles II.

Battle of Worcester - English Civil War - Oliver Cromwell
The Battle of Worcester was fought September 3, 1651, during the English Civil War. Meeting at the Battle of Worcester, the Parliamentarians defeated Royalist forces under Charles II. The Battle of Worcester was the final battle of the English Civil War.

The English Civil War: An Overview
The English Civil War was fought between Parliamentarian and Royalist forces and began in 1642. During the English Civil War, Parliamentarian forces won key battles at Marston Moor and Naseby. The English Civil War ended in 1651 when Parliamentarian troops triumphed.

Battle of Dunbar - English Civil War - 1650
The Battle of Dunbar was fought September 3, 1650, during the English Civil War and saw Parliamentarian forces led by Oliver Cromwell defeat Scottish Covenanters.

Battle of the Saintes - American Revolution Battle of the Saintes
The Battle of the Saintes was fought April 9-12, 1782 during the American Revolution. The Battle of the Saintes saw a French fleet under Comte De Grasse clash with a British force led by Admiral Sir George Rodney. In the resulting battle, the British won a decisive victory.

Admiral Rodney - George Rodney - Baron Rodney - Royal Navy
Admiral George Rodney was a noted British naval leader during Seven Years' War and American Revolution. A seasoned officer, George Rodney took part in numerous campaigns and battles. George Rodney is best known for his 1782 victory at the Battle of the Saintes.

Admiral Samuel Hood - American Revolution - French Revolutionary Wars
Admiral Samuel Hood was a British naval commander during the American Revolution and French Revolutionary Wars who played a key role in the Battle of the Saintes and served as a mentor for Horatio Nelson.

Military History Timeline - Timeline of Military History - Wars Through the Ages - Military History Through the Centuries - Battles Through the Ages
Gain a quick overview of military history with this timeline that traces battles and wars through the ages.

American Revolution - Siege of Boston
The Siege of Boston began on April 19, 1775 following the Battles of Lexington and Concord. Surrounding the British in Boston, the American army grew in strength as reinforcements arrived from the other colonies. The siege continued until Henry Knox arrived with the guns from Fort Ticonderoga and the British were forced to evacuate on March 17, 1776.

Battle of the Bismarck Sea - World War II Battle of the Bismarck Sea
The Battle of the Bismarck Sea was fought March 2-4, 1943, and saw Allied aircraft inflict heavy losses on the Japanese. Sailing from Rabaul to Lae, Japanese transports were attacked in the Bismarck Sea. In the fighting, all eight of the Japanese transports were sunk.

Battle of the Nile - Battle of the Nile Admiral Lord Horatio Nelson
The Battle of the Nile was fought on August 1/2, 1798 in Aboukir Bay. Attacking the French in a night action, Rear Admiral Horatio Nelson sailed into Aboukir Bay and engaged the fleet of Vice Admiral François-Paul Brueys D'Aigalliers. In the battle that ensued, Nelson destroyed or captured the bulk of the French fleet.

USS Princeton - USS Princeton Peacemaker Disaster
USS Princeton (1843) was the US Navy's first screw steam warship. Designed by John Ericsson and Robert Stockton, USS Princeton entered service in 1843. USS Princeton is best remembered for the February 28, 1844 disaster which saw one of its guns, the Peacemaker, explode killing several people including the Secretaries of State and the Navy.