Military History Sitemap - Page 5 2014-12-22

World War II Sten Gun
The Sten was as type of British submachine gun developed and used during World War II. Entering service in 1941, the Sten gun was simple to build and maintain and was widely used by British troops and exported to other allies and resistance forces. Over 4 million Sten guns were ultimately made.

Battle of Port Arthur - Russo-Japanese War
The Battle of Port Arthur was the opening engagement of the Russo-Japanese War. On the night of February 8/9. 1904, Japanese ships under Admiral Togo launched a surprise destroyer attack on Russian naval forces. The next day a major fleet engagement was fought off Port Arthur.

World War II: North American B-25 Mitchell
The B-25 Mitchell was an American medium bomber during World War II. Designed by North American, the B-25 Mitchell saw extensive use duing the conflict and is best remembered for the 1942 Doolittle Raid. B-25s were also used as ground attack aircraft.

War of 1812: Major General Sir Isaac Brock
Major General Sir Isaac Brock was a key British officer during the early phases of the War of 1812. A career officer, Brock oversaw the defense Canada and succeeded in capturing Detriot in 1812. Later that year, Isaac Brock was killed during the Battle of Queenston Heights.

World War II - Dieppe Raid - Operation Jubilee
Launched on August 19, 1942, the Dieppe Raid was an Allied effort to capture and occupy the port of Dieppe, France for a short period. Meant to gather intelligence and test strategies for the invasion of Europe, the Dieppe Raid was a complete failure and resulted in the loss of over 50% of the troops landed. The lessons learned during the Dieppe Raid influenced later Allied amphibious operations.

World War II: Battle of the River Plate
The Battle of the River Plate was fought on December 13, 1939, and saw British warships battle the German pocket battleship Admiral Graf Spee. Fighting off the estuary of the River Plate, Admiral Graf Spee inflicted heavy damage on the British but was forced to seek a harbor in neutral Uruguay. Trapped by British forces after the battle, the Germans scuttled Admiral Graf Spee in the River Plate.

American Revolution: Battle of White Plains
The Battle of White Plains was part of the New York Campaign during the American Revolution. Fought October 28, 1776, the Battle of White Plains saw Gen. George Washington's army forced to fall back, after making a stand against the British. Following the Battle of White Plains, Washington began a long retreat across New Jersey.

Overview of the Irish Battle of Clontarf
On Good Friday 1014, the forces of Munster and Leinster clashed at the Battle of Clontarf outside Dublin, Ireland. The battle was a result of the King of Leinster, Máel Mórda mac Murchada, rebelling against the High King of Ireland, Brian Boru. Brian's forces were victorious at Clontarf, however both leaders were killed sinking Ireland into regional warfare.

American Revolution: Battle of Camden 1780
The Battle of Camden was fought August 16, 1780, during the American Revolution. Sent south after the fall of Charleston, Major General Horatio Gates engaged British forces near Camden, SC. In the resulting Battle of Camden, Gates' army was routed.

American Civil War: Battle of Philippi
The Battle of Philippi was fought June 3, 1861, during the early days of the Civil War. Advancing into western Virginia Union forces attacked a Conderate force at Philippi. In the resulting Battle of Philippi, they routed the enemy and the engagement became known as the

French & Indian War: Battle of the Monongahela
The Battle of the Monongahela was fought on July 9, 1755, in western Pennsylvania. Advancing from Fort Cumberland, Major General Edward Braddock sought to capture the French base at Fort Duquesne. Meeting a French and Indian force near the Monongahela River, Braddock's men were driven from the field.

Operation Catapult at Mers El Kebir (World War II)
Operation Catapult was conducted on July 3, 1940, when British naval forces attacked the French fleet at Mers el Kebir. Approaching the harbor, Force H demanded that the French fleet come over to the Allied side to prevent its capture by the Germans. When the French refused, Force H opened fire inflicting heavy damage.

Vietnam War - Soviet MiG-21 Fishbed
The MiG-21 Fishbed was introduced in 1959, and became the world's most produced supersonic fighter. Flown by over fifty countries during its long career, the MiG-21 Fishbed saw extensive use during the Vietnam War and various conflicts in the Middle East. Some variants of the MiG-21 remain in service to this day.

USS Monitor in the Civil War
USS Monitor was the first ironclad built for the US Navy. Entering service in 1862, USS Monitor fought CSS Virginia in the first battle between ironclad warships on March 9, 1862. After serving in the Hampton Roads area, USS Monitor was lost at sea in late 1862, while under tow.

An Overview of Operation Allied Force in Kosovo
Operation Allied Force began in March 1999, following Yugoslavia's refusal end repression and violence in Kosovo. Flying from bases in Italy and the Adriatic Sea, NATO aircraft struck targets across Yugoslavia and Kosovo. On June 12, Operation Allied Force ended following Slobodan Milosevic's acceptence of an UN occupation of Kosovo.

Cold War: Convair B-36 Peacemaker
The Convair B-36 Peacemaker was a strategic bomber operated by the US Air Force during the early years of the Cold War. Development of the B-36 Peacemaker began during World War II and the aircraft entered service in 1949. The B-36 Peacemaker remained in service until 1959.

World War II - Lieutenant Colonel Otto Skorzeny
Otto Skorzeny was a noted German commando leader during World War II. Otto Skorzeny conducted the rescue of Benito Mussolini in 1943 and later played a key role in the Battle of the Bulge. After the war, Otto Skorzeny worked with ODESSA and as a security consultant.

Mexican Revolution Battle of Veracruz
The Occupation of Veracruz began on April 21, 1914, when US Marines and naval forces came ashore in response to the Tampico Affair. Landing, American forces fought a brief battle in Veracruz before taking control of the city. The occupation of Veracruz ended on November 23, 1914, following mediation.

Battle of Corregidor, 1942 - World War II
Japanese forces overwhelmed the heavily fortified island in Manila Bay, the last point of resistance for Allied forces during the invasion of Luzon.

Captain William Bligh Mutiny on the Bounty
Vice Admiral William Bligh is best known for his role in the famed story of the mutiny on HMS Bounty. A skilled seaman, Bligh rose through the ranks of the Royal Navy and acted as sailing master for Captain James Cook on during the explorer's final voyage. Returning home, William Bligh served with distinction during the Napoleonic Wars and saw action at Copenhagen and Camperdown.

Civil War Copperhead - Definition
A Copperhead was a term for Northern opponents of the American Civil War.

Causes of the French & Indian War
The French & Indian War began in 1754 as the British and French began to clash along the frontier in North America. The focus of these early engagements was control of Fort Duquesne at the Forks of the Ohio. The first campaigns of the French & Indian War saw British efforts against the fort as well as on Lake George and in Nova Scotia.

French and Indian War - Causes of the French & Indian War
The French & Indian War began in 1754 as the British and French began to clash along the frontier in North America. The focus of these early engagements was control of Fort Duquesne at the Forks of the Ohio. The first campaigns of the French & Indian War saw British efforts against the fort as well as on Lake George and in Nova Scotia. Page 2.

French and Indian War - Causes of the French & Indian War
The French & Indian War began in 1754 as the British and French began to clash along the frontier in North America. The focus of these early engagements was control of Fort Duquesne at the Forks of the Ohio. The first campaigns of the French & Indian War saw British efforts against the fort as well as on Lake George and in Nova Scotia. Page 3.

World War II: Colonel General Heinz Guderian
Heinz Guderian was a notable German commander during World War II. A pioneer of armored warfare, Heinz Guderian developed and advocated the theory of blitzkrieg. Heinz Guderian saw service against Poland, France, and on the Eastern Front before moving through several staff positions.

History of the Crusades: Siege of Jerusalem (1099)
The Siege of Jerusalem was conducted June 7-July 15, 1099, during the First Crusade. Approaching Jerusalem, Crusader forces under Raymond of Toulouse invested the city. After several weeks, the Crusaders were able to build siege towers and successfully attacked Jerusalem on July 15.

World War II - the Battle of Gazala
The Battle of Gazala was fought May 26 to June 21, 1942 during the Western Desert Campaign of World War II. Attacking, Panzer Army Afrika engaged British and Free French forces along the Gazala Line. Breaking the Allied position, Gen. Erwin Rommel drove them back into Egypt.

American Revolution: Battle of Great Bridge
The Battle of Great Bridge was fought December 9, 1775, during the American Revolution. The Battle of Great Bridge centered on a river crossing south of Norfolk, VA and saw British forces attack Patriot troops. In the fighting at the Battle of Great Bridge, the British assault was repulsed.

Mahdist War and the Siege of Khartoum
The Siege of Khartoum took place March 13, 1884 to January 26, 1885, during the Mahdist War. Held by forces led by Major General Charles

Washington Naval Disarmament Treaty
The Washington Naval Treaty was signed on February 6, 1922, and dramatically limited the naval armaments of the United States, Britain, Japan, France, and Italy. As a result of the negotiations, the Washington Naval Treaty stipulated tonnage limitations on capital ships. The treaty led to many warships being scrapped and prevented the construction of other planned vessels.

World War I: Battle of Amiens (1914-1918)
The 1918 Battle of Amiens was an opening battle of the Allies' Hundred Days' Offensive. Attacking east of Amiens, Allied forces gained over seven miles on the first day. The Battle of Amiens was a decisive victory for the Allies and saw a return to mobile warfare.

Julius Caesar's Civil War Battle of Pharsalus
The Battle of Pharsalus was the decisive engagement of Caesar's Civil War. Fought August 9, 48 BC, at Pharsalus, Greece, the battle saw Julius Caesar defeat troops under Pompey. The battle turned when some of Caesar's troops defeated a cavalry attack and were able assault the enemy in the flank and rear.

Second Seminole War, 1835-1842
Fought between the United States and Native Americans in Florida. When the U.S. won, many Native Americans were relocated west.

Battle of York (April 27, 1813) - War of 1812
The Battle of York was fought April 27, 1813, during the War of 1812. Sailing across Lake Ontario, American forces landed and captured York, Canada. Defeating British forces in the Battle of York, they burned the town before withdrawing back to Sackets Harbor, NY.

American Revolution: Battle of Princeton
The Battle of Princeton was fought on January 3, 1777, shortly after the American victory at Trenton. Advancing on Princeton, Gen. George Washington's men encountered British troops under Lt. Col. Charles Mawhood. In the Battle of Princeton, the Americans prevailed and forced the British to retreat.

Korean War MiG-15 Communist Jet Fighter
The MiG-15 was a key Communist jet fighter during the Korean War. Designed by Artem Mikoyan and Mikhail Gurevich, the MiG-15 was designed for the Soviet Union and was one of the first swept wing jet fighters. Flying over North Korea, the MiG-15 routinely dueled American F-86 Sabres in

Alexander the Great and the Battle of Chaeronea
The Battle of Chaeronea occurred in 338 BC when King Philip II of Macedon confronted a mixed Greek army. Clashing on a plain near Chaeronea, the battle was hotly contested until the king's son, the future Alexander the Great, led the decisive charge which broke the Greek lines.

World War II: Fleet Admiral William "Bull" Halsey
Admiral William. Military History.

The Spanish Armada of the Anglo-Spanish War
Arriving in July 1588, the Spanish Armada sought to control the English Channel and aid in transferring troops from Holland for the invasion of England. Shadowed by the English fleet, the Armada was harried by hit-and-run attacks until being defeated at the Battle of Gravelines on August 8. Retreating north, the Spanish lost many ships on the Irish coast as they sought to return to Spain.

The Spanish Armada - England Defeats the Spanish Armada - Spanish Armada at the Battle of Gravelines
Arriving in July 1588, the Spanish Armada sought to control the English Channel and aid in transferring troops from Holland for the invasion of England. Shadowed by the English fleet, the Armada was harried by hit-and-run attacks until being defeated at the Battle of Gravelines on August 8. Retreating north, the Spanish lost many ships on the Irish coast as they sought to return to Spain. Page 2.

American Civil War: H.L. Hunley Sinks USS Housatonic
The H.L. Hunley became the first submarine to sink another ship when it attacked USS Housatonic off Charleston on February 17, 1864. Plagued by problems during its development, Hunley successfully placed its spar torpedo on Housatonic, destroying the Union ship. The submarine was lost at sea while returning from its historic attack.

Lockheed U-2 Spy Plane
The Lockheed U-2 spy plane was developed in the 1950s by the Skunk Works at Lockheed. The U-2 is capable of extreme high altitude flight and has been used extensively as a surveillance aircraft as well as for research. The U-2 came to prominence when one was downed over the Soviet Union in 1960.

Son Tay Raid During the Vietnam War
The Raid on Son Tay was an attempt by US Special Forces to liberate American prisoners of war during the Vietnam War. Flying from Thailand, the raiders successfully captured the POW camp at Son Tay, however all of the prisoners had been moved to a different camp a few months earlier. Though no one was liberated, the mission was deemed a

Battles and Wars 1201 to 1400
Here we look at those battles and wars fought between 1201 and 1400. These resources will aid in better understanding this period of military history.

Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Borodino
The Battle of Borodino was fought September 7, 1812, during Napoleon's invasion of Russia. Attacking Russian positions around Borodino, the French both inflicted and sustained heavy losses. Though the Russians departed after the Battle of Borodino, their army remained intact.

World War II - Curtiss P-40 Warhawk
The Curtiss P-40 Warhawk was an American-built fighter during World War II. Used by several Allied nations, the P-40 Warhawk saw service in most theaters of the conflict. The P-40 Warhawk was most famously used by the American Volunteer Group in China, also known as the Flying Tigers.

Pontiac's Rebellion: An Examination
Pontiac's Rebellion was fought between 1763 and 1766 and saw the Native Americans rise up against the British. Pontiac's Rebellion began with the Native Americans capturing several British forts on the frontier. Counterattacking in 1764, Britsh forces ultimately brought Pontiac's Rebellion to an end and forced the Native Americans to negotiate for peace.

Vietnam War - F-105 Thunderchief Profile
The F-105 Thunderchief was one of the US Air Force's primary fighter-bombers during the Vietnam War. Widely used for strike bombing over North Vietnam, the F-105 also was employed in a

World War II: Operation Sea Lion - Invasion of Britain, 1940
Operation Sea Lion was the German plan for the invasion of Britain. Germany hoped to launch Operation Sea Lion sometime in late 1940 following the Fall of France. After their defeat in the Battle of Britain, Germany indefinitely postponed Operation Sea Lion.

Battle of Mobile Bay - Civil War Battle of Mobile Bay
The Battle of Mobile Bay was a decisive naval engagement during the Civil War. Fought August 5, 1864, it saw RAdm. David Farragut's fleet force its way into Mobile Bay and defeat a smaller Confederate force. The victory closed the port of Mobile and set the stage for the city's capture.

World War I: Battle of Arras (1917)
The Battle of Arras commenced on April 9, 1917, and was the British component of the Allies' spring offensives. Attacking near Arras with success, the British captured Vimy Ridge before the offesive bogged down. Lasting until May 16, the Battle of Arras saw the British make significant gains but no major breakthroughs.

French and Indian War: Fort Ticonderoga
Fort Ticonderoga was built at the southern end of Lake Champlain in 1758. Constructed by the French as Fort Carillon, Fort Ticonderoga played a key role in the campaigns of the French & Indian War. Idle for a decade, Fort Ticonderoga was the scene of several battles during the American Revolution.

T.E. Lawrence of Arabia: British World War I Officer
T.E. Lawrence, a.k.a. Lawrence of Arabia was a noted British officer during World War I. Assigned to aid the Arab Revolt, T.E. Lawrence became renown for his combat leadership and strategic planning. T.E. Lawrence earned international fame for his exploits and was key to the revolt's success.

World War II: V-1 Flying Bomb - Military History
The V-1 flying bomb was developed by Germany during World War II as a

MacDonald Clan Glencoe Massacre
The Glencoe Massacre occurred on the night of February 13, 1692, in western Scotland. Following being delayed in giving an oath of loyalty to new King William III, the MacDonalds of Glencoe were singled out for punishment by the new government. After hosting British soldiers for two weeks in Glencoe, the MacDonalds were attacked by their guests who killed 37 in the glen and burned the local villages.

King Philip's War (Metacomet's War): 1675-1676
King Philip's War was fought in New England between 1675 and 1676. Beginning after a period of increasing tensions, King Philip's War saw King Philip (Metacomet) lead a Native American alliance against English settlers and other Native Americans. King Philip's War ended after King Phlip was killed in August 1675 though some skirmishing continued.

The Second Punic War: Battle of Cannae
The Battle of Cannae was one of the key engagements of the Second Punic War. Meeting the Romans in southeast Italy, the Carthaginians under Hannibal executed a massive double-envelopment, surrounding and destroying the opposing army. Though the Battle of Cannae did not end the war, it was one of the greatest battlefield triumphs of all time.

World War I: Second Battle of the Marne
The Second Battle of the Marne took place from July 15 to August 5, 1918. Opening an offensive along the Marne, the Germans made some progress before being stopped by Allied forces. Launching a counteroffensive on July 18, the Allies drove the Germans back across the Marne.

De Havilland Mosquito - World War II
The de Havilland Mosquito was one of the most versatile aircraft of World War II. Entering service with the Royal Air Force in 1941, the de Havilland Mosquito largely served as a fast bomber and fighter-bomber. Built primarily of wood, the de Havilland Mosquito served throughout the conflict.

Constantine at the Battle of Milvian Bridge
Fought during the power struggle that occurred following the collapse of the Tetrarchy, the Battle of the Milvian Bridge pitted Constantine against the usurper Maxentius. Clashing at Milvian Bridge near Rome, Constantine's forces, fighting under a Christian banner, defeated Maxentius, allowing their leader to take control of the Western Empire.

M1903 Springfield Rifle in World War I
Developed in 1903, the M1903 Springfield became one of the most famous rifles in American history. The standard infantry weapon of the American Expeditionary Force in World War I, it continued in service into World War II. Though largely replaced by the M1 Garand, the M1903 Springfield remained in some uses through 1957.

Wars of Alexander the Great: Siege of Tyre
The Siege of Tyre took place from January to July 332 BC. Moving down the Mediterranean coast, Alexander the Great laid siege to Tyre during his conflict with the Persians. An island city, he was ultimately forced to build a long mole as well as assemble a fleet to take Tyre.

1775 Battle and Capture of Fort Ticonderoga
The Capture of Fort Ticonderoga took place May 10, 1775 during the American Revolution. Taking the garrison by surprise, American forces led by Colonels Ethan Allen and Benedict Arnold swiftly overwhelmed the defenders. After the capture of Fort Ticonderoga, American troops took the fort at Crown Point.

USS North Dakota - BB-29 - World War I - Battleships
USS North Dakota (BB-29) was a Delaware-class battleship that entered service in 1910. Serving off Veracruz in 1914, USS North Dakota remained in home waters during World War I. Disarmed in 1924, USS North Dakota remained in use as a target ship until 1931.

USS Delaware - BB-28 - World War I - Battleships
USS Delaware (BB-28) was an American battleship that entered service in 1910 and was the lead ship of its class. Mounting ten 12-inch guns, USS Delaware saw service with the British Grand Fleet during World War I. USS Delaware remained in use until being sold for scrap in 1924.

Akagi - World War II - Aircraft Carrier - Battle of Midway
Commissioned in 1927, Akagi was a Japanese aircraft carrier that saw service during the Second Sino-Japanese War and World War II. Akagi took part in the attack on Pearl Harbor and the Japanese advances through the Dutch East Indies. Akagi was sunk during the Battle of Midway in 1942.

Leaders of the American Revolution
The American Revolution saw professional British officers clash with American leaders who were drawn from all walks of life or from overseas. While many American leaders of the American Revolution had militia experience others were new to military activities. Some American commanders proved successful while others proved less so.

USS West Virginia (BB-48) - World War II Battleships
USS West Virginia (BB-48) was a Colorado-class battleship that entered service in 1923. Sunk at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, USS West Virginia was re-floated, repaired, and modernized. Rejoining the fleet, USS West Virginia took part in the later campaigns in the Pacific.

Siege of Fort Ticonderoga - American Revolution - Saratoga Campaign - 1777
The Siege of Fort Ticonderoga was fought July 2-6, 1777, during the American Revolution. Advancing south, Lt. Gen. John Burgoyne laid siege to Fort Ticonderoga during the early stages of the Saratoga Campaign. Emplacing guns on nearby heights, he won the Siege of Fort Ticonderoga and forced Maj. Gen. Arthur St. Clair to retreat.

World War II: Hawker Hurricane
The Hawker Hurricane entered service in 1937 and saw extensive service with the Royal Air Force. The Hawker Hurricane played a key role in the Battle of Britain and was key in defeating the Germans. Over 14,000 Hawker Hurricanes were built by 1944.

First Battle of Bull Run Overview - American Civil War
The First Battle of Bull Run was fought July 21, 1861, during the Civil War. The battle was the first major engagement between Union and Confederate forces. At the First Battle of Bull Run, Union forces enjoyed early success before being defeated.

Invasions of England: Battle of Hastings 1066
Invading England in the fall of 1066, William of Normandy met the Anglo-Saxon forces of Harold Godwinson at the Battle of Hastings on October 14. Fighting on Senlac Ridge, William's forces overcame determined resistance at the Battle of Hastings to win the day. Following the victory at the Battle of Hastings, William advanced on London and forced the English nobles to submit to him.

Northwest Indian War Final Battle: Fallen Timbers
The Battle of Fallen Timbers took place near present-day Maumee, OH, when US forces defeated the Native American Western Confederacy in 1794.

World War II: Exploring the Atlantic Charter
The Atlantic Charter was the result of the 1941 Atlantic Conference between Winston Churchill and Franklin Roosevelt. Meeting aboard warships at Placentia Bay, the leaders discussed the postwar world as well as how the neutral United States could aid Britain. Key elements of the Atlantic Charter included self-determination of peoples and the development of system of general security.

USS Langley - The US Navy's First Aircraft Carrier
USS Langley was the first aircraft carrier to see service with the US Navy. Converted from a collier in 1922, Langley conducted a wide variety of aviation testing and sailed with both the Atlantic and Pacific fleets. Modified into a seaplane tender in 1936, Langley was sunk by the Japanese in 1942.

USS Oklahoma - BB-37 - World War II - Pearl Harbor
USS Oklahoma (BB-37) was a Nevada-class battleship that entered service in 1916. Following World War I, USS Oklahoma saw service with both the Atlantic and Pacific Fleets. At Pearl Harbor on December 7, USS Oklahoma was sunk during the Japanese attack

USS Maryland (BB-46) - World War II Battleship
USS Maryland (BB-46) was a Colorado-class battleship that entered service in 1921. Present at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, USS Maryland sustained damage but returned to take part in campaigns across the Pacific during World War II.

USS Colorado (BB-45) - World War II Battleships
USS Colorado (BB-45) was the lead ship of its class of battleship and entered service in 1923. Undergoing an overhaul when the United States entered World War II, USS Colorado later saw extensive service against the Japanese in the Pacific.

Bristol Beaufighter - World War II - Royal Air Force
The Bristol Beaufighter was a heavy fighter used by the Royal Air Force during World War II. A development of the Bristol Beaufort torpedo bomber, the Beaufighter saw widespread service in all theaters. During the conflict, the Bristol Beaufighter filled many roles including night fighter, fighter-bomber, and torpedo bomber.

Thomas C. Kinkaid - World War II - US Navy - Admiral
Admiral Thomas C. Kinkaid was an American naval commander during World War II. Serving in the Pacific, Thomas Kinkaid led naval forces at Coral Sea, Midway, and through the Solomon Islands Campaign. Thomas Kinkaid later played a key role during the Battle of Leyte Gulf.

Admiral Frank Jack Fletcher - World War II - US Navy
Admiral Frank Jack Fletcher was key US Navy leader during the early years of World War II. A Medal of Honor winner and veteran of World War I, Frank Jack Fletcher led Allied forces at key engagements such as Coral Sea, Midway, and Guadalcanal. In November 1942, Frank Jack Fletcher took command of Allied forces in the northern Pacific, a post he held for the remainder of the war.

Marc Mitscher - World War II - Admiral - US Navy
Admiral Marc Mitscher was an American naval commander during World War II. A noted naval aviator, Marc Mitscher commanded several carriers and carrier groups during the conflict and took part in major battles such as Midway and the Philippine Sea. Leading the Fast Carrier Task Force late in the war, Marc Mitscher's aviators inflicted massive damage upon the Japanese.

The French Revolutionary & Napoleonic Wars
The Napoleonic Wars, and the French Revolutionary Wars before them, consumed Europe between 1792 and 1815. The Napoleonic Wars saw French forces battling various coalitions of European nations. Ending in 1815 with Napoleon's defeat at the Battle of Waterloo, the Napoleonic Wars saw the map of Europe forever changed.

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- By Category
An index of categories in the

Battle of the Atlantic - World War II History
The Battle of the Atlantic took place between 1939 and 1945 during World War II. The Battle of the Atlantic saw German U-boats attempt to cut off Britain by sinking merchant shipping. Though German U-boats inflicted heavy losses, Allied naval forces ultimately won the Battle of the Atlantic.

World War II - The Battle of the Bulge
The Battle of the Bulge was the result of a massive offensive launched by the Germans on December 16, 1944. A desperate attempt to defeat the Allies in the West, the Battle of the Bulge saw the Germans mass their remaining strength in an attempt to capture Antwerp. After initial success, the German offensive was stopped and defeated by Allied troops.

Wars and Battles Throughout History
This section deals with wars and battles thoughout military history. Featured here are articles, profiles, and galleries that examine various wars and battles and their impact on the world.

History of Memorial Day - Civil War History of Memorial Day
Memorial Day originated in several locales during and shortly after the American Civil War. The holiday began as

USS California - BB-44 - World War II
USS California (BB-44) was a Tennessee-class battleship that entered service in 1921. Present during the attack on Pearl Harbor, USS California was sunk at its moorings. Repaired and modernized, USS California later served in the Pacific campaigns of World War II.

USS Pennsylvania - BB-38 - Battleships - World War II
USS Pennsylvania (BB-38) was a Pennsylvania-class battleship that entered the US Navy in 1916 and saw service during World War I and World War II. USS Pennsylvania was present during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, and later saw service across the Pacific. USS Pennsylvania took part in the Operation Crossroads testing at Bikini Atoll in 1946.

Union States at Battle of Gettysburg - Union Troops By State at the Battle of Gettysburg - Rhode Island Monuments at the Battle of Gettysburg
During the Battle of Gettysburg the Army of the Potomac consisted of troops from eighteen states as well as the regular US Army. While Pennsylvania and New York contributed the most, troops from as far west as Minnesota took part in the fighting. During the Battle of Gettysburg this force suffered 23,055 casualties. Page 3.

Anglo Zanzibar War - Shortest Conflict in History
Occurring from approximately 9:00-9:45 AM on August 27, 1896, the Anglo-Zanzibar War is widely believed to be the shortest war in history. Fought between Britain and Khalid bin Barghash, the Anglo-Zanzibar conflict arose after a dispute over who would become the sultan of Zanzibar.

American Revolution: Battle of Bunker Hill
The Battle of Bunker Hill was fought June 17, 1775 during the Siege of Boston. Building fortifications near Bunker Hill, American forces were attacked by the British. In the resulting Battle of Bunker Hill, they inflicted over 1,000 casualties on the British before being forced to retreat.

World War II: The White Rose Resistance Group
The White Rose was a non-violent resistance group based in Munich during World War II. Comprised largely of University of Munich students, the White Rose published and distributed several pamphlets speaking out against Third Reich. The group was destroyed in 1943, when many of its key members were caught and executed.

USS Idaho - BB-42 - World War II - Battleships
USS Idaho (BB-42) was a New Mexico-class battleship that entered service in 1919. Modernized in the 1930s, USS Idaho saw extensive during World War II.

Battle of Makin - World War II - Pacfiic Theater - Makin Atoll
The Battle of Makin was fought November 20-23, 1943, during World War II. Landing, elements of V Amphibious Corps opened the Battle of Makin and engaged the Japanese defenders. In three days of fighting, American forces won the Battle of Makin and captured the atoll.

Admiral Raymond Spruance - US Navy - World War II - Pacific Fleet
Admiral Raymond Spruance was a key American naval commander during World War II. Raymond Spruance led Allied forces to victory during the pivotal Battle of Midway in June 1942. As the war progressed, Raymond Spruance directed several successful campaigns against the Japanese and won the Battle of the Philippine Sea.

USS Mississippi - BB-41 - World War II
USS Mississippi (BB-41) was New Mexico-class battleship that entered service in 1917. Modernized between the wars, USS Mississippi saw service during World War II. After taking part in the fighting in the Pacific, USS Mississippi remained in use until 1956.

USS New Mexico - BB-40 - World War II - Battleship
USS New Mexico (BB-40) was the lead ship of its class of battleship. Entering service in 1918, USS New Mexico later saw extensive service in World War II. Operating in the Pacific, USS New Mexico took part in numerous engagements.

USS Utah - BB-31 - World War I - Attack on Pearl Harbor
USS Utah (BB-31) was a Florida-class battleship that joined the fleet in 1911. Serving abroad in World War I, USS Utah remained active until 1931. Converted to a target ship, USS Utah continued in service until being sunk during the attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.

World War I: Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk was signed March 3, 1918 and took Russia out of World War I. Following the revolution in Russia, the Bolsheviks sought an immediate end to hostilities with the Central Powers. By the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, the were able to exit the conflict, but lost large amounts of territory.

Unrestricted Submarine Warfare - Definition & Examples
Unrestricted submarine warfare is an approach where submarines sink merchant ships without warning.

Napoleonic Wars Battle of Waterloo 1815 - Duke of Wellington
The Battle of Waterloo was fought June 18, 1815 during the Napoleonic Wars. Waterloo was final battle of the conflict and occurred following Napoleon's return from Elba. The Battle of Waterloo saw the Duke of Wellington's army win a decisive victory which ultimately forced Napoleon's surrender.

Battle of the Thames - William Henry Harrison
The Battle of the Thames was fought October 5, 1813, during the War of 1812. Advancing into Canada after the Battle of Lake Erie, American forces met the British and Native Americans at the Battle of the Thames. In the fighting at the Battle of the Thames, American forces won a decisive victory and killed Tecumseh.

The Battle of Kings Mountain 1780 - American Revolution
The Battle of Kings Mountain was fought October 7, 1780, in backwoods South Carolina. Arriving at Kings Mountain, Loyalist militia under Major Patrick Ferguson was attacked by American forces. Fighting on the slopes of Kings Mountain, the Americans were able to overwhelm and destroy Ferguson's command.

Creek War: Battle of Horseshoe Bend
The Battle of Horseshoe Bend occurred on March 27, 1814, during the Creek War. Leading American forces, Maj. Gen. Andrew Jackson attacked the Red Sticks along the Tallapoosa River. In the fighting at Horseshoe Bend, the Red Sticks were defeated and the conflict effectively ended.

World War II: German Battleship Bismarck Info
DKM Bismarck was one of the most feared battleships constructed by Nazi Germany. Launched in 1939, Bismarck inspired such fear that when it first entered the Atlantic two years later the British devoted all of their resources to sinking it. After defeating HMS Hood, Bismarck was damaged by British aircraft and ultimately sunk on May 27, 1941.

US Military: Colt M1911 Pistol
The Colt M1911 pistol was the standard sidearm of the US military from 1911 to 1985. Designed by John Browning, the M1911 fired a .45 ACP cartridge and became an iconic pistol. The M1911 was retired in 1985 when the US military transitioned to the Beretta 92 series.

Battle of Zama - Punic Wars History
The Battle of Zama was fought between Rome and Carthage in late October 202 BC. Clashing at Zama in North Africa, the army of Hannibal was defeated by the Romans led by Scipio Africanus. The defeat at the Battle of Zama forced the Carthaginians to sue for peace and ended the Second Punic War.

World War I: Battle of Passchendaele - Third Ypres
The Battle of Passchendaele, also known as the Third Battle of Ypres, was fought July to November 1917 during World War I. The Battle of Passchendaele saw Allied troops attack from the Ypres Salient with the goal of taking Passchendaele Ridge and wearing down the Germans. Though some ground was gained, the Battle of Passchendaele proved very costly for Allied forces.

Battle of Savannah - American Revolution
The Battle of Savannah was fought September 16 to October 18, 1779, during the Ameican Revolution. Captured by the British in 1778, Franco-American forces laid siege to Savannah a year later. Attacking at the Battle of Savannah in October, they were repulsed.

American Revolution: The Boston Massacre
The Boston Massacre took place on March 5, 1770, and helped lead to the American Revolution. The Boston Massacre saw a mob clash with British troops as part of a larger protest against taxation without representation. In the Boston Massacre, five civilians were killed.

Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Trafalgar
The Battle of Trafalgar was fought October 21, 1805, and was Vice Admiral Lord Horatio Nelson's final battle. Catching the French and Spanish fleets off Cape Trafalgar, Nelson won a decisive victory and captured 21 enemy ships. Though Trafalgar was a great truimph, Nelson was mortally wounded in the fighting.

Battle of Stirling Bridge - Scottish History
Fought in 1297, the Battle of Stirling Bridge was an early victory for the Scots over the English during the First War of Scottish Independence.

Revolutionary War: Major General Anthony Wayne
Major General Anthony Wayne was an American leader during the American Revolution. A bold field commander, Anthony Wayne saw service in many of the battles fought in the northeast. Returning to action in the 1790s, Anthony Wayne destroyed the Western Confederacy at the Battle of Fallen Timbers.

Texas Revolution: Battle of San Jacinto 1836
Fought on April 21, 1836, the Battle of San Jacinto secured independence for the Republic of Texas. After retreating back the San Jacinto River, General Sam Houston turned and attacked a Mexican army led by Jose Lopez de Santa Anna. Yelling

Spanish Civil War: Bombing of Guernica
The Bombing of Guernica occurred on April 26, 1937, during the Spanish Civil War. Taking off, planes of the German Condor Legion attacked the city of Guernica in support of Nationalist troops. Striking Guernica, the planes caused heavy civilian casualties.

American Civil War: Battles of Fort Wagner
The Second Battle of Fort Wagner took place on July 18, 1863, during the American Civil War. Attacking Fort Wagner on Morris Island, SC, Union troops were led by the 54th Massachusetts, an unit of black troops. The Union assault on Fort Wagner was repulsed with heavy losses.

American Civil War: Surrender at Appomattox
Appomattox Court House was the site where the Army of Northern Virginia was forced to surrender on April 9, 1865. Retreating from Petersburg, the army reached Appomattox but was hemmed in by Union troops. Unable to escape, Gen. Robert E. Lee surrendered his command to Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant.

Leaders and People of Note From World War II
World War II saw the rise of numerous leaders and standout soldiers. In the course of fighting several key individuals became known for their performance on the battlefield. Many of the leaders of World War II went on to assume key positions in the postwar world.

Siege of Leningrad - World War II - Eastern Front
The Siege of Leningrad took place from September 8, 1941 to January 27, 1944, during World War II. Lasting 872 days, the Siege of Leningrad saw large numbers of casualties on both sides. Despite several assaults, the Germans were unable to bring the Siege of Leningrad to a successful conclusion.

First Italo-Ethiopian War: Battle of Adwa
Discover the reasons behind the First Italo-Ethiopian War - the Battle of Adwa - as well as the strategies and the aftermath.

Battle of Manila Bay - George Dewey - Spanish-American War
George Dewey's US Squadron destroyed the Spanish fleet at Manila Bay on May 1, 1898. The victory opened the way for the US conquest of the Philippines.

Western Theater of the Civil War - Battles of the Western Theater of the Civil War
Here we look at the campaigns and battles of the Western Theater of the American Civil War.

Pickett's Charge - Battle of Gettysburg - Civil War
Pickett's Charge took place on July 3, 1863, during the Battle of Gettysburg. A turning point of the Civil War, Pickett's Charge saw Confederate forces repulsed in the battle's climax. In the wake of Pickett's Charge, Confederate forces ended the Battle of Gettysburg and withdrew south.

Battle of Glendale - Civil War - Battle of Frayser's Farm - Seven Days Battles
The Battle of Glendale was fought June 30, 1862, during the American Civil War. Part of the Seven Days Battles, the Battle of Glendale saw General Robert E. Lee attempt cut off the Union retreat from Richmond. In the fighting at Glendale, the Union line held and the Army of the Potomac was able to withdraw to Malvern Hill.

Second Battle of Corinth - American Civil War - William Rosecrans - Earl Van Dorn
The Second Battle of Corinth was fought October 3-4, 1862, during the American Civil War. Having won the the Battle of Iuka, Maj. Gen. William Rosecrans moved to Corinth, MS where he was attacked by Confederate forces. In the fighting at the Second Battle of Corinth, Union forces won another victory.

Battle of Savage's Station - Civil War - Seven Days' Battles - Peninsular Campaign
The Battle of Savage's Station was fought June 29, 1862, during the American Civil War. Retreating from Gaines' Mill, Union forces came under attack at the Battle of Savages' Station two days later. The Battle of Savage's Station was part of the Seven Days' Battles.

Battle of Gaines' Mill - Civil War - Seven Days Battles - Peninsula Campaign
The Battle of Gaines' Mill was fought June 27, 1862, during the American Civil War. The third of the Seven Days Battles, the Battle of Gaines' Mill saw the Confederates launch a series of assaults on the Union lines. Though taking heavy losses, the Confederates ultimately won the Battle of Gaines' Mill and forced Union forces to pull back.

Battle of Beaver Dam Creek - Battle of Mechanicsville - Seven Days Battles
The Battle of Beaver Dam Creek (Mechanicsville) was fought June 26, 1862, during the American Civil War. The second of the Seven Days Battles, the Battle of Beaver Dam Creek saw Confederate forces mount a series of assaults against the Union V Corps. During the Battle of Beaver Dam Creek these were turned back with heavy losses.

Battle of Malvern Hill - Civil War Battle of Malvern Hill
The Battle of Malvern Hill was fought July 1, 1862, during the Civil War. The final engagement of the Seven Days Battles, the Battle of Malvern Hill saw the Confederates launch a series of assaults against a strong Union position. In the fighting around Malvern Hill, the Union forces were able to hold and turn back the Confederates.

Battle of Iuka - American Civil War - William Rosecrans - Sterling Price
The Battle of Iuka was fought September 19, 1862, during the American Civil War. Part of the Iuka-Corinth Campaign, the Battle of Iuka saw Maj. Gen. William Rosecrans engage Maj. Gen. Sterling Price. In the fighting at the Battle of Iuka, Rosecrans won a victory.

Battle of Chickasaw Bayou - Civil War- Vicksburg Campaign - William T. Sherman
The Battle of Chickasaw Bayou was fought December 26-29, 1862, during the the American Civil War. Moving up the Yazoo River in an effort to attack Vicksburg, MS, Major General William T. Sherman attacked Confederate forces at the Battle of Chicksaw Bayou. Mounting several frontal assaults on the enemy lines, Sherman lost the Battle of Chickasaw Bayou and withdrew.

Bristol Blenheim - Bristol Blenheim Bomber
The Bristol Blenheim was a light bomber that entered service with the Royal Air Force in 1937. Seeing use until 1944, the Bristol Blenheim flew in most theaters of World War II. Designed as a light bomber, the Blenheim was also adapted to night fighter and photo reconnaissance variants.

Heinkel 219 - World War II - Night Fighters - Luftwaffe
The Heinkel 219 Uhu was German night fighter developed during World War II. The first military aircraft equipped with ejection seats, the Heinkel 219 possessed a radar set and other advances. The Heinkel 219 proved effective, but was only availible in small numbers before the end of the war.

Messerschmitt Bf 110 - World War II - Luftwaffe
The Messerschmitt Bf 110 was a heavy fighter developed for the Luftwaffe in the late 1930s. Used extensively in World War II, the Messerschmitt Bf 110 suffered from a lack of maneuverability and took heavy losses. Redeployed as a night fighter, the Messerschmitt Bf 110 proved effective.

USS Arkansas - BB-33 - World War I - World War II
USS Arkansas (BB-33) was a Wyoming-class battleship that entered service in 1912. During World War I, USS Arkansas operated with the British Grand Fleet and was later modernized. Retained, USS Arkansas saw extensive use in European waters during World War II.

USS New York - BB-34 - World War II - US Navy
USS New York (BB-34) was the lead ship of its class of battleships. Entering service in 1914, USS New York saw service in both World War I and World War II. After taking part in the latter conflict, USS New York survived the atomic testing at Bikini Atoll and was later sunk as a target ship.

USS Texas - BB-35 - Battleship - World War II
USS Texas (BB-35) was a New York-class battleship that entered service with the US Navy in 1914. Seeing service in World War II, USS Texas saw service in both the Atlantic and Pacific. Following the war, USS Texas became a museum ship near Houston.

Siege of Fort Texas - Mexican-American War - Siege of Fort Brown - Major Jacob Brown
The Siege of Fort Texas was fought May 3-9, 1846, during the opening days of the Mexican-American War. Constructed along the Rio Grande, Fort Texas was besieged by Mexican forces and subjected to an intense bombardment. The Siege of Fort Texas was lifted following the American victories at Palo Alto and Resaca de la Palma.

USS Mississippi - BB-23 - US Navy - Battleships
USS Mississippi (BB-23) was commissioned in 1908 and saw service with the US Navy. The lead ship of its class, USS Mississippi and its sister ship were smaller than the classes that came before. In 1914, USS Mississippi was sold to Greece and renamed Kilkis.

USS New Hampshire - BB-25 - US Navy - Battleships - Connecticut-class
USS New Hampshire was a Connecticut-class battleship that saw service with the US Navy. Commissioned in 1908, USS New Hampshire saw service in the Atlantic and Caribbean. USS New Hampshire remained in use through World War I and was later decommissioned in 1921.

Battle of Mansfield - Civil War - Red River Campaign - Richard Taylor
The Battle of Mansfield was fought on April 8, 1964, during the American Civil War. Part of the Red River Campaign, the Battle of Mansfield saw Union forces under Major General Nathaniel Banks engaged Confederate troops under Major General Richard Taylor. In the fighting at the Battle of Mansfield, Taylor forced Banks to retreat.

Battle of Frenchtown - War of 1812 - River Raisin Massacrce
The Battle of Frenchtown was fought January 18-23, 1813, during the War of 1812. Moving north to retake Detroit, American troops opened the Battle of Frenchtown. Counterattacked later by the British and Native Americans, American forces were beaten at the Battle of Frenchtown and a large number of prisoners were killed.

USS Florida - BB-30 - World War I - Battleships
USS Florida (BB-30) was the lead ship of its class of battleships and entered service in 1911. After supporting the occupation of Veracruz in 1914, USS Florida served in Europe during World War I. USS Florida remained in service until 1931.

Siege of Fort Mifflin - American Revolution - Philadelphia Campaign
The Siege of Fort Mifflin was fought September 26 to November 16, 1777, during the American Revolution. Moving up the Delaware River, the British began the Siege of Fort Mifflin in an effort to open the waterway to the Royal Navy. Holding out for over a month, the Siege of Fort Mifflin ended when the American garrison evacuated to New Jersey.

Battle of Champion Hill - American Civil War - Vicksburg Campaign
The Battle of Champion Hill was fought May 16, 1863, during the American Civil War. Crossing the Mississippi during the Vicksburg Campaign, Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant engaged Confederate forces at the Battle of Champion Hill during the approach to the city. Overwhelming Lt. Gen. John C. Pemberton's men, Union forces won the Battle of Champion Hill.

Casablanca Conference - World War II - Casablanca Declaration
The Casablanca Conference was a meeting between Allied leaders during World War II. Held January 14-24, 1943, the Casablanca Conference saw President Franklin D. Roosevelt and Prime Minister discuss strategy for defeating the Axis Powers. Among the decisions reached at the Casablanca Conference was that the Allies would seek the unconditional surrender of the enemy.

Battle of Yellow Tavern - Civil War - J.E.B. Stuart - Overland Campaign
The Battle of Yellow Tavern was fought May 11, 1864, during the American Civil War. A cavalry engagement, the Battle of Yellow Tavern saw Maj. Gen. J.E.B. Stuart's men clash with Union forces under Maj. Gen. Philip Sheridan. In the fighting, Union forces triumphed and Stuart was mortally wounded.

USS Kansas - Great White Fleet - BB-21 - US Navy - Battleships
USS Kansas (BB-21) was a Connecticut-class battleship that entered service in 1907. Sailing with the Great White Fleet, USS Kansas circled the world between 1907 and 1909. Remaining in service until 1921, USS Kansas was later sold for scrap.

USS South Carolina - BB-26 - World War I - US Navy
USS South Carolina (BB-26) was a US Navy battleship that entered service in 1910. The US Navy's first dreadnought battleship, USS South Carolina largely operated in American waters during World War I. Retained until 1924, USS South Carolina was removed from service to comply with the Washington Naval Treaty.

USS Wasp - CV-18 - World War II - Aircraft Carrier - US Navy
USS Wasp (CV-18) was an Essex-class aircraft carrier built for the US Navy. Entering service in 1943, USS Wasp saw extensive service in the Pacific during World War II. Remaining in use until 1972, USS Wasp served as a recovery ship for three Gemini space flights.

Battle of Trevilian Station - Civil War - Overland Camapaign - Philip Sheridan
The Battle of Trevilian Station was fought June 11-12, 1864, during the American Civil War. A cavalry action, the Battle of Trevilian Station saw Maj. Gen. Philip Sheridan clash with Maj. Gen. Wade Hampton. In the fighting at the Battle of Trevilian Station, Hampton got the better of the engagement and compelled Sheridan to retire.

USS Vermont - BB-20 - Great White Fleet - US Navy - Battleships
USS Vermont (BB-20) was a Connecticut-class battleship that entered service with the US Navy in 1907. Later that year, USS Vermont commenced an around-the-world cruise as part of the Great White Fleet. USS Vermont remained in service through World War I and was sold for scrap in 1923.

USS Minnesota - BB-22 - Great White Fleet - US Navy - Battleships
USS Minnesota (BB-22) was a Connecticut-class battleship that began service with the US Navy in 1907. Sailing with the Great White Fleet, USS Minnesota circumnavigated the globe in a demonstration of American power. Taking part in World War I, USS Minnesota remained in service until 1921.

USS Louisiana - BB-19 - Great White Fleet - US Navy - Battleships
USS Louisiana (BB-19) was a Connecticut-class battleship that entered service in 1906. The following year, USS Louisiana sailed as part of the Great White Fleet and circumnavigated the globe. Later serving with the Atlantic Fleet, USS Louisiana was sold for scrap in 1923.

Heinkel He 111 - Luftwaffe - World War II - Bombers
The Heinkel He 111 was a German bomber that saw widespread usage during World War II. Covertly designed in the 1930s, the Heinkel He 111 first saw service during the Spanish Civil War. With the beginning of World War II, the Heinkel flew on all fronts of the conflict in Europe and remained in service until 1945.

USS Michigan - BB-27 - World War I - Battleships
USS Michigan (BB-27) was a South Carolina-class battleship that entered service with the US Navy in 1910. Taking part in the 1914 occupation of Veracruz, USS Michigan later served in home waters during World War I. Retained after the conflict, USS Michigan was later retired in 1922.

USS Maine - BB-10 - Great White Fleet - US Navy - Battleships
USS Maine (BB-10) was an American battleship which entered service in 1902. The lead ship of its class, USS Maine took part in the first leg of the cruise of the Great White Fleet. Remaining in service through World War I, USS Maine was scrapped following the Washington Naval Treaty.

USS Wyoming - BB-32 - World War I - US Navy
USS Wyoming (BB-32) was the lead ship of its class of battleship. Entering service in 1912, USS Wyoming took part in World War I. Converted to a gunnery training ship, USS Wyoming (AG-17) fulfilled this role through World War II.

Battle of Harpers Ferry - American Civil War - Stonewall Jackson
The Battle of Harpers Ferry was fought September 12-15, 1862, during the American Civil War. Surrounding the town, the Battle of Harpers Ferry saw Maj. Gen. Thomas

Battle of Port Republic - Civil War - Valley Campaign - Stonewall Jackson
The Battle of Port Republic was fought June 9, 1862, during the American Civil War. Part of Major General Thomas

Battle of Red Bank - American Revolution - Philadelphia Campaign - Carl von Donop
The Battle of Red Bank was fought October 22, 1777, during the American Revolution. Having captured Philadelphia, Gen. Sir William Howe dispatched Hessian forces to capture Fort Mercer on the Delaware River. Attacking at the Battle of Red Bank, the Hessians were repulsed with heavy losses.

Charles Lee - Major General - American Revolution
Major General Charles Lee was an officer during the American Revolution. A veteran of the Seven Years' War and British Army, Charles Lee joined the Continental Army in 1775. Captured in 1776, Charles Lee was later exchanged and saw action at the Battle of Monmouth two years later. Performing poorly, Charles Lee was relieved during the battle.

Battle of Raymond - Civil War - Vicksburg Campaign
The Battle of Raymond was fought May 12, 1863, during the American Civil War. Part of the Vicksburg Campaign, the Battle of Raymond saw Union forces under Major General James McPherson engage Confederates led by Brigadier General John Gregg. In the fighting at Raymond, Union forces routed the enemy.

USS George Washington - USS George Washington SSBN-598
USS George Washington (SSBN-598) was the United States' first ballistic missile submarine. Launched in 1959, USS George Washington served in a nuclear deterrent role until 1982. For the last three years of its career, USS George Washington served as an attack submarine.

Battle of Globe Tavern - Civil War - Petersburg Campaign
The Battle of Globe Tavern was fought August 18-21, 1864, during the Civil War. Part of the Petersburg Campaign, the Battle of Globe Tavern saw Union forces attempt to cut the Weldon Railroad. In the fighting at the Battle of Globe Tavern they were successful.

Battle of Palo Alto - The Battle of Palo Alto
The Battle of Palo Alto was fought May 8, 1846, and was one of the opening battles of the Mexican-American War. Advancing to relieve Fort Texas, American forces encountered a Mexican army under Gen. Mariano Arista. In the resulting Battle of Palo Alto, American forces triumphed through the skilled use of artillery.

Battle of Resaca de la Palma - Mexican-American War Battle of Resaca de la Palma
The Battle of Resaca de la Palma was fought May 9, 1846, during the Mexican-American War. Advancing from their victory at the Battle of Palo Alto, American forces under Brig. Gen. Zachary Taylor encountered the Mexicans at Resaca de la Palma. Attacking the Americans succeeded in driving the Mexicans from the field.

Battle of Hubbardton - American Revolution Battle of Hubbardton
The Battle of Hubbardton was fought July 7, 1777, during the American Revolution. Retreating from Fort Ticonderoga, American troops were attacked by Brig. Gen. Simon Fraser. In the resulting Battle of Hubbardton, the Americans fought hard but were forced to retreat.

Battle of Big Black River Bridge - American Civil War - Vicksburg Campaign
The Battle of Big Black River Bridge was fought May 17, 1863, during the American Civil War. Advancing from the victory at Champion Hill the day before, Union forces engaged Lt. Gen. John C. Pemberton's army at the Battle of Big Black River Bridge. In a brief but sharp fight, the Battle of Big Black River Bridge resulted in a Union victory.

Battle of Buena Vista - Mexican-American War - Zachary Taylor
The Battle of Buena Vista was fought February 22-23, 1847, and was the last major battle fought in northeast Mexico. Outnumbered by the approaching Gen. Antonio de Santa Anna's army, Gen. Zachary Taylor fell back to the mountain pass at Buena Vista. Attacked on February 23, his 4,500-man army succeeded in repulsing the Mexican assaults forcing them to withdraw.

Chester Nimitz - Admiral Chester Nimitz Biography
Fleet Admiral Chester Nimitz took command of the US Pacific Fleet in December 1941. Rising from the ashes of Pearl Harbor, Nimitz led it for the duration of World War II and served as the commander-in-chief of the Pacific Ocean Areas. During this time, his forces won key victories at Coral Sea and Midway, and later began

USS Idaho - BB-24 - US Navy - Battleships - Lemnos
USS Idaho (BB-24) was a Mississippi-class battleship that saw service with the US Navy. Entering service in 1908, USS Idaho saw routine peacetime service over the next six years. In 1914, USS Idaho was sold to Greece and renamed Lemnos.

General Hugh Mercer - American Revolution General Hugh Mercer
Hugh Mercer was Scotsman who served as a surgeon in the Jacobite army at the Battle of Culloden and later as brigadier general in the Continental Army during the American Revolution. Fleeing to American after the collapse of the Forty-Five, he worked as a doctor and served as an officer in the French & Indian War. Joining American forces during the Revolution, Hugh Mercer served under Gen. George Washington until he was killed at the Battle of Princeton in early 1777.

Battle of Eylau - Napoleonic Wars - Napoleon Bonaparte
The Battle of Eylau was fought on February 7-8, 1807, in East Prussia. Attacking a predominently Russian army, Napoleon began a 14-hour battle that ebbed and flowed across the plains near Eylau. Ending in a draw, the high point of the battles was a massive French cavalry charge led by Marshal Joachim Murat.

Battle of Five Forks - Civil War Battle of Five Forks
The Battle of Five Forks occurred on April 1, 1865, and was one of the final battles of the war in the East. Moving west to further pressure Gen. Robert E. Lee's lines at Petersburg, Union forces under Maj. Gen. Philip Sheridan encountered a Conderate force at Five Forks. In the battle that followed, Sheridan routed the Confederates ultimately forcing them to abandon Petersburg and Richmond.

Battle of Fredericksburg - Civil War - Ambrose Burnside
The Battle of Fredericksburg was largely fought on December 13, 1862, and was a clear victory for Gen. Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia. Attacking the heights west of the town, Maj. Gen. Ambrose Burnside's Army of the Potomac was repulsed with heavy casualties. The defeat at the Battle of Fredericksburg led to Burnside's removal from command.

Battle of South Mountain - Battle of South Mountain Civil War
The Battle of South Mountain occurred on September 15, 1862, as Union forces sought to exploit the capture of Confederate Order 191. Attacking Turner's, Fox's, and Crampton's Gaps, Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan wished to cross the mountain and assault Gen. Robert E. Lee's army before it could concentrate. Winning a victory, McClellan continued the fighting three days later at Antietam.

F-35 Lightning II - Joint Strike Fighter - Lockheed
The F-35 Lightning II is result of the multi-nation Joint Strike Fighter program. Spearheaded by the United States and Great Britain, the F-35 will be both nations' next generation close air support, tactical bombing, and air-to-air aircraft. The F-35 Lightning II will also be built in a carrier version for use at sea.

Morgan's Raid - Civil War - John Hunt Morgan
Morgan's Raid was conducted from June 11 to July 26, 1863, during the American Civil War. Riding north, Confederate forces under Brigadier General John Hunt Morgan raided north into Kentucky, Indiana, and Ohio. Morgan's Raid ended with his capture in eastern Ohio.

P-39 Airacobra - Bell Aircraft - World War II
The Bell P-39 Airacobra was an Allied fighter aircraft during World War II. Entering service in 1941, the P-39 Airacobra saw service in most theaters of the war, but was hampered by the lack of an effective turbo-supercharger. The P-39 Airacobra was flown in large numbers by the Soviet Union who received the type via Lend-Lease.

USS Virginia - BB-13 - Great White Fleet - World War I
USS Virginia (BB-13) was the lead ship of its class of battleships and entered service in 1906. The following year, USS Virginia sailed as part of the Great White Fleet. Remaining in use through World War I, USS Virginia was sunk as a target in 1923.

Goliad Massacre - Texas Revolution - James Fannin
The Goliad Massacre took place on March 27, 1836, during the Texas Revolution. Having surrendered after the Battle of Coleto, Colonel James Fannin's command was massacred by Mexican forces at Goliad. In the course of the Goliad Massacre, 342 Texan prisoners were killed.

Battle of Fuentes de Onoro - Peninsular War - Duke of Wellington
The Battle of Fuentes de Onoro was fought May 3-6, 1811, during the Peninsular War. Moving to relieve Almeida, Marshal Massena engaged Viscount Wellington at Fuentes de Onoro. In heavy fighting, Wellington was able to hold off the French and maintain the siege of Almeida.

First Battle of St. Albans - Wars of the Roses - St. Albans
The First Battle of St. Albans was fought May 22, 1455, and was the first major battle of the Wars of the Roses. Advancing on London, the Duke of York was confronted by royal troops at St. Albans. After a series of failed negotiations, he initiated the First Battle of St. Albans during which he defeated Henry VI's forces and captured the king.

Siege of Louisbourg - War of the Austrian Succession - 1745 - William Pepperrell
The Siege of Louisbourg was conducted from May 11 to June 28, 1745, during the War of the Austrian Succession. Sailing north, a colonial forces led by William Pepperrell landed and laid siege to Louisbourg. After a siege of 47 days, Louisbourg fell to the British.

Battle of Dogger Bank - World War I - Royal Navy - High Seas Fleet
The Battle of Dogger Bank was fought January 24, 1915, during World War I. The Battle of Dogger Bank saw British battlecruisers intercept their German counterparts in the North Sea. In the Battle of Dogger Bank, the Germans lost an armored cruiser while a British battlecruiser was severely damaged.

John Jervis - Earl of St. Vincent - Admiral of the Fleet - Napoleonic Wars
Admiral of the Fleet John Jervis, 1st Earl of St. Vincent was a key British naval commander and administrator during the French Revolutionary/Napoleonic Wars. Seeing service during the Seven Years' and American Revolution, John Jervis later won the Battle of St. Vincent in 1797. John Jervis later served as First Lord of the Admiralty.

First Battle of Kernstown - Civil War - Valley Campaign - Stonewall Jackson
The First Battle of Kernstown was fought March 23, 1862, during the American Civil War. The opening engagement of Maj. Gen. Thomas

Battle of Khambula - Anglo-Zulu War - Evelyn Wood
The Battle of Kambula was fought March 29, 1879, during the Anglo-Zulu War. Attacking fortified British troops, the Battle of Kambula saw the Zulus defeated with heavy losses. The Battle of Kambula was considered the turning point of the conflict.

Great Locomotive Chase - Civil War - Andrews Raid
The Great Locomotive Chase took place April 12, 1862, during the American Civil War. Seeking to damage the Western and Atlantic Railroad between Atlanta and Chattanooga, Union raiders led by James Andrews stole a locomotive and began destroying the rails. Pursued by Confederate forces during the Great Locomotive Chase, Andrews and his men were later captured.

Battle of Megiddo - World War I - Palestine
The Battle of Megiddo was fought September 19 to October 1, 1918, during World War I. Having captured Jerusalem, General Edmund Allenby opened the Battle of Megiddo with the goal of shattering the Ottoman position in Palestine. Attacking, his forces won a complete victory as the Battle of Megiddo saw the Turks routed.

Battle of the North Cape - World War II - Scharnhorst
The Battle of the North Cape was fought December 26, 1943, during World War II. Seeking to attack Allied convoys, the German battlecruiser Scharnhorst was brought to action at the Battle of the North Cape. Overwhelmed by a larger British force near Norway's North Cape, Scharnhorst was sunk.

MiG-23 - MiG-23 Flogger - Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23
The MiG-23 Flogger was a fighter developed by the Soviet Union during the Cold War. Built by Mikoyan-Gurevich, the MiG-23 featured a variable-geometry wing and was staple of the Soviet Air Force. Exported widely, the MiG-23 has seen combat in numerous conflicts around the world.

Battle of Oriskany - American Revolution - Revolutionary War - Fort Stanwix
The Battle of Oriskany was fought August 6, 1777, during the American Revolution. Part of the Saratoga Campaign, the Battle of Oriskany saw American forces ambushed while moving to relieve Fort Stanwix. In the Battle of Oriskany, American forces were beaten, however Native American morale was damaged when colonials forces from Fort Stanwix sacked their camp.

Siege of Fort Stanwix - American Revolution - Revolutionary War - Peter Gansevoort
The Siege of Fort Stanwix was conducted August 2 to 22, 1777, during the American Revolution. Part of the Saratoga Campaign, the Siege of Fort Stanwix was mounted by Brigadier General Barry St. Leger. The Siege of Fort Stanwix ultimately failed when American reinforcements led by Major General Benedict Arnold arrived.

Battle of Forts Clinton and Montgomery - American Revolution - Henry Clinton
The Battle of Forts Clinton and Montgomery was fought October 6, 1777, during the American Revolution. In an effort to aid Major General John Burgoyne at Saratoga, Major General Sir Henry Clinton moved up the Hudson River and attacked Forts Clinton and Montgomery. In the resulting Battle of Forts Clinton and Montgomery, he won a victory and captured both posts.

Battle of Tassafaronga - World War II - Guadalcanal Campaign
The Battle of Tassafaronga saw American and Japanese naval forces clash on November 30, 1942, during World War II. Part of the Guadalcanal Campaign, the Battle of Tassafaronga had Japanese destroyers attack an American squadron in Ironbottom Sound. A stunning defeat, the Battle of Tassafaronga saw the US Navy lose one cruiser and suffer three severely damaged.

Force Z - Attack on Force Z - HMS Prince of Wales and HMS Repulse
Centered on HMS Prince of Wales and HMS Repulse, Force Z was a naval squadron dispatched to Singapore in late 1941. Commanded by Admiral Sir Thomas Phillips, Force Z sortied in early December to attack the Japanese. On December 10, both of Force Z's capital ships were sunk by Japanese aircraft.

Battle of Rennell Island - World War II - Guadalcanal Campaign
The Battle of Rennell Island was fought January 29-30, 1943, during World War II. The final naval engagement of the Guadalcanal Campaign, the Battle of Rennell Island saw Japanese aircraft attack American naval forces. In the resulting fight near Rennell Island, the US Navy lost a heavy cruiser and had one destroyer badly damaged.

Battle of Moore's Creek Bridge - American Revolution - Revolutionary War
The Battle of Moore's Creek Bridge was fought February 27, 1776, during the American Revolution. Fought early in the conflict, the Battle of Moore's Creek Bridge saw Loyalist forces in North Carolina clash with Patriot troops. Holding the bridge at Moore's Creek, the Patriots won a clear victory and scattered the Loyalist force.

Von Rundstedt - Field Marshal Gerd von Rundstedt - World War II
Field Marshal Gerd von Rundstedt was a German commander who saw service on several fronts during World War II. After leading forces during the invasion of Poland and campaign in the West, Gerd von Rundstedt won key victories during Operation Barbarossa. Later in the war, Gerd von Rundstedt oversaw German forces in the West.

Haruna - Japanese Battleship Haruna - World War II
Haruna was a Japanese battleship that saw service during World War I and World War II. Initially built as a battlecruiser, Haruna was heavily modified during the interwar years. During World War II, Haruna saw action during several of the major battles in the Pacific including Midway, Philippine Sea, and Leyte Gulf. Haruna was sunk at Kure in July 1945.

USS Wasp - World War II - CV-7 - Aircraft Carrier
USS Wasp (CV-7) was an American aircraft carrier that served during World War II. Launched in 1939, USS Wasp saw duty in the Atlantic and Pacific during the early parts of the conflict. Operating in support of US forces on Guadalcanal, USS Wasp was sunk by I-19 on September 15, 1942.

USS Hornet - CV-8 - Aircraft Carrier - World War II
USS Hornet (CV-8) was an American aircraft carrier during World War II. USS Hornet gained famed for its role in the April 1942 Doolittle Raid. Taking part in the Battle of Santa Cruz that October, USS Hornet was lost in action.

Tirpitz - German Battleship Tirpitz - World War II
Tirpitz was a large German battleship that saw service during World War II. A sister ship to Bismarck, Tirpitz largely saw duty in the North Atlantic and Norway. During the course of the war, the British made several efforts to sink Tirpitz and finally succeeded in late 1944.

USS Yorktown - CV-5 - World War II - Battle of Midway
USS Yorktown (CV-5) was an American aircraft carrier during World War II. Launched in 1937, USS Yorktown took part in the Battle of the Coral Sea. USS Yorktown was lost following the Battle of Midway a month later.

HMS Nelson - World War II - Royal Navy - Battleships
HMS Nelson was a British battleship that saw service during World War II. Completed in 1930, HMS Nelson's design was a product of the Washington Naval Treaty. During World War II, HMS Nelson served in the Atlantic, Mediterranean, and Indian Oceans.

Admiral Scheer - World War II - Pocket Battleship Admiral Scheer
Admiral Scheer was Deutschland-class

Battle of Hatteras Inlet Batteries - Civil War - US Navy
The Battle of Hatteras Inlet Batteries was fought August 28-29, 1861, during the Civil War. Sailing south, Union forces opened the Battle of Hatteras Inlet with the goal of hampering Confederate naval operations and tightening the blockade. The Battle of Hatteras Inlet Batteries saw Forts Hatteras and Clark captured and was a Union victory.

USS Hartford - David Farragut - Civil War - US Navy
USS Hartford was a screw sloop of war that saw extensive service during the Civil War. Flagship of Adm. David Farragut, USS Hartford took part in the capture of New Orleans, operations on the Mississippi River, and the Battle of Mobile Bay. Retained after the war, USS Hartford remained in the US Navy until 1956.

CSS Alabama - Civil War - Confederate Raider
CSS Alabama was a Confederate warship that entered service in August 1862. A renowned commerce raider, CSS Alabama conducted cruises around the world during its career. CSS Alabama was sunk by USS Kearsarge in June 1864.

Battle of Boroughbridge - Despenser War - Thomas of Lancaster
The Battle of Boroughbridge was fought March 16, 1322, during the Despenser War. Fought in Yorkshire, the Battle of Boroughbridge pitted royal forces against rebelling barons. In the course of the fighting, the royal troops won the Battle of Boroughbridge and the Earl of Hereford was killed.

Battle of Dupplin Moor - Second War of Scottish Independence - Edward Balliol
The Battle of Dupplin Moor was fought August 10-11, 1332, during the Second War of Scottish Independence. Clashing at Dupplin Moor the supporters of the Bruce dynasty met Edward Balliol and his English allies. In the fighting at Dupplin Moor, the Bruces were defeated.

Patrick Ferguson - American Revolution - King's Mountain - Major Patrick Ferguson
Major Patrick Ferguson was a British officer during the American Revolution. Known for inventing a breech-loading rifle, Patrick Ferguson saw action during the Philadelphia Campaign. Patrick Ferguson was killed leading British forces at the Battle of Kings Mountain in North Carolina.