Military History Sitemap - Page 5 2015-04-25

Battle of Britain - World War II Battle of Britain
The Battle of Britain was fought July 10 to late October 1940, during World War II. The Battle of Britain saw the Luftwaffe attempt to destroy the Royal Air Force's Fighter Command in preparation for the invasion of Britain. In over three months of fighting, the RAF succeeded in maintaining air superiority over Britain. Page 3.

Civil War in the West - Western Theater of the Civil War - American Civil War in the West
The American Civil War in the West between 1863 and 1865 was dominated by the Union. Following a defeat at Chickamauga, Union troops in the West advanced capturing Atlanta and Savannah, before marching north into the Carolinas where the Civil War in the West ended at Durham Station. Page 2.

General John Bell Hood - Confederate Generals - Civil War - Army of Tennessee
The Confederate Army employed hundreds of generals during the Civil War. This gallery provides an overview of several of the key Confederate generals who contributed to the Southern cause and helped guide its armies throughout the war. This photo shows General John Bell Hood. Page 10.

General Ambrose P. Hill - Confederate Generals - Civil War - Army of Northern Virginia
The Confederate Army employed hundreds of generals during the Civil War. This gallery provides an overview of several of the key Confederate generals who contributed to the Southern cause and helped guide its armies throughout the war. This photo shows Lieutenant General A.P. Hill. Page 7.

General Jubal Early - Confederate Generals - Civil War - Army of Northern Virginia
The Confederate Army employed hundreds of generals during the Civil War. This gallery provides an overview of several of the key Confederate generals who contributed to the Southern cause and helped guide its armies throughout the war. This photo shows Lieutenant General Jubal Early. Page 9.

General Richard Ewell - Confederate Generals - Civil War - Army of Northern Virginia
The Confederate Army employed hundreds of generals during the Civil War. This gallery provides an overview of several of the key Confederate generals who contributed to the Southern cause and helped guide its armies throughout the war. This photo shows Lieutenant General Richard Ewell. Page 6.

General Thomas Stonewall Jackson - Confederate Generals - Civil War - Valley Campaign
The Confederate Army employed hundreds of generals during the Civil War. This gallery provides an overview of several of the key Confederate generals who contributed to the Southern cause and helped guide its armies throughout the war. This photo shows Lieutenant General Thomas

General JEB Stuart - Confederate Generals - Civil War - Army of Northern Virginia
The Confederate Army employed hundreds of generals during the Civil War. This gallery provides an overview of several of the key Confederate generals who contributed to the Southern cause and helped guide its armies throughout the war. This photo shows Major General J.E.B. Stuart. Page 8.

General John B Gordon - Confederate Generals - Civil War - Army of Northern Virginia
The Confederate Army employed hundreds of generals during the Civil War. This gallery provides an overview of several of the key Confederate generals who contributed to the Southern cause and helped guide its armies throughout the war. This photo shows Major General John B. Gordon. Page 11.

General Braxton Bragg - Confederate Generals - Civil War - Army of Tennessee
The Confederate Army employed hundreds of generals during the Civil War. This gallery provides an overview of several of the key Confederate generals who contributed to the Southern cause and helped guide its armies throughout the war. This photo shows General Braxton Bragg. Page 3.

General Joseph Johnston - Confederate Generals - Civil War - First Battle of Bull Run
The Confederate Army employed hundreds of generals during the Civil War. This gallery provides an overview of several of the key Confederate generals who contributed to the Southern cause and helped guide its armies throughout the war. This photo shows General Joseph E. Johnston.

General P.G.T. Beauregard - Confederate Generals - Civil War - Battle of Fort Sumter
The Confederate Army employed hundreds of generals during the Civil War. This gallery provides an overview of several of the key Confederate generals who contributed to the Southern cause and helped guide its armies throughout the war. This photo shows General P.G.T. Beauregard. Page 4.

General Robert E. Lee - Confederate Generals - Civil War - Army of Northern Virginia
The Confederate Army employed hundreds of generals during the Civil War. This gallery provides an overview of several of the key Confederate generals who contributed to the Southern cause and helped guide its armies throughout the war. This photograph shows General Robert E. Lee. Page 2.

American Civil War Confederate Generals - Photographs of American Civil War Confederate Generals
The Confederate Army employed hundreds of generals during the Civil War. This gallery provides an overview of several of the key Confederate generals who contributed to the Southern cause and helped guide its armies throughout the war.

1600s & 1700s Military History Timeline
A military history timeline of the 17th and 18th centuries.

Union Leaders: H to M
Union commanders, last names H to M

Wesley Merritt - American Civil War General Wesley Merritt Biography
A noted cavalry commander in the Civil War, Wesley Merritt rose through the ranks with unprecedented speed. After serving with the Army of the Potomac, Merritt spent extensive time on the frontier. With the outbreak of the Spanish-American War, he commanded US Army forces in the Philippines.

Air Chief Marshal Sir Keith Park - Battle of Britain
Air Chief Marshall Sir Keith Park was a noted British aviator that led Number 11 Group during the Battle of Britain and oversaw the aerial defense of London.

Battle of the Falklands - World War I Naval Battle of the Falklands
The Battle of the Falklands was fought on December 8, 1914, between ships of the Royal Navy and the Imperial German Navy. Steaming for home after a victory at the Battle of Coronel, the German East Asia Squadron was intercepted by a British task force. Battling off the Falkland Islands, the British succeeded in sinking the entire German force.

Hugh Dowding - Battle of Britain Hugh Dowding
Air Chief Marshal Hugh Dowding led the RAF's Fighter Command during the Battle of Britain. Entering the Royal Flying Corps in 1913, Hugh Dowding saw extensive service during World War I. Rising through the ranks, he was key in the RAF's triumph over the Luftwaffe in the Battle of Britain.

World War II: Group Captain Sir Douglas Bader Biography
Group Captain Sir Douglas Bader was Royal Air Force ace during World War II. A double amputee, Douglas Bader saw service during the Battles of France and Britain downing 20 enemy aircraft. Downed over France in August 1941, Bader became a prisoner of war and later was held at Colditz Castle.

Operation Pedestal - Relief of Malta - World War II
Operation Pedestal was conducted August 9-15, 1942, during World War II. The goal of Operation Pedestal was to escort a convoy of badly needed supplies and fuel to the garrison of Malta. Passing through the Straits of Gibraltar, the Allied ships of Operation Pedestal succeeded in reaching Malta, but took heavy losses en route.

World War II Aviation Leaders & Aces
An overview of World War II aviation leaders and flying aces.

John Buford Civil War General Biography
Major General John Buford was a Kentuckian who elected to remain in the US Army at the beginning of the Civil War. A career dragoon officer, Buford advocated the use of cavalry as mobile infantry. Serving with distinction during the war, Buford is best known for his delaying action during the early hours of the Battle of Gettysburg.

Siege of Yorktown - Civil War - Battle of Yorktown - Peninsula Campaign
The Siege of Yorktown was fought April 5 to May 4, 1862, during the American Civil War. The Siege of Yorktown was an early action of Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan's Peninsula Campaign and saw a small Confederate force stall the Union advance. The Confederates abandoned their position in early May, ending the siege, and allowing Union forces to push towards Richmond.

Alfred Pleasonton - Civil War - Army of the Potomac - Cavalry
Major General Alfred Pleasonton was a Union cavalry commander during the Civil War. Taking command of the Army of the Potomac's Cavalry Corps in 1863, Alfred Pleasonton led it during the Battle of Brandy Station and the Gettysburg Campaign. Alfred Pleasonton finished the war leading Union forces in Missouri.

Major General Winfield Scott Hancock - Biography
Major General Winfield Scott Hancock was prominent Union commander during the Civil War. A veteran of the Mexican-American War, Winfield Scott Hancock became known as

Henry Clinton - American Revolution General
General Sir Henry Clinton was a key British commander during the American Revolution. Initially serving under Gen. William Howe, Clinton became the British commander-in-chief in 1778. Leading British troops until 1782, Clinton oversaw the final British defeat in North America.

American Revolution - George Rogers Clark
Brigadier General George Rogers Clark was an American leader during the American Revolution. Campaigning in the Old Northwest, Clark won key victories over the British at Kaskaskia and Vincennes. Clark's victories helped ensure that the United States received the region during peace negotiations.

Guy Carleton - American Revolution - Sir Carleton Governor of Canada
Sir Guy Carleton served as governor of Quebec and later governor-general of Canada. Guy Carleton was in office during the American Revolution and defended Canada from American attacks. In the war's later years, Guy Carleton served as commander-in-chief of British forces in North America.

American Revolution: Lieutenant General John Burgoyne
Major General John Burgoyne was a British commander during the American Revolution. John Burgoyne also saw service during the War of the Austrian Succession and the Seven Years' War. Leading the British army at the Battle of Saratoga in 1777, John Burgoyne was forced to surrender to American forces.

Major John Andre - American Revolution
Major John Andre was a noted British officer during the American Revolution. John Andre is best remembered for his role in Major General Benedict Arnold's treachery. Captured on September 23, 1780, John Andre was executed as a spy on October 2.

Jeffery Amherst - General Jeffery Amherst - French & Indian War - Seven Years' War
Field Marshal Jeffrey Amherst was key British commander during the French & Indian War. Initially seeing service in Europe, Amherst was dispatched to North America where he captured Louisbourg. Becoming the commmander-in-chief in North American, Jeffrey Amherst oversaw the conquest of Canada.

James Wolfe - Major General During the French & Indian War
Major General James Wolfe was a notable British commander during the French & Indian War. James Wolfe saw extensive service in Europe before taking part in the Siege of Louisbourg in 1758. Given independent command, James Wolfe attacked Quebec and was killed during the 1759 Battle of Quebec.

Robert Clive - Biography of 18th Century British General
A noted commander and leader in the East India Company during the 18th century. Arriving in India in the 1740s, Clive helped establish British supremacy.

Albrecht von Wallenstein - Thirty Year's War General Albrecht von Wallenstein
A gifted commander, Albrecht von Wallenstein commanded Catholic troops in the service of Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II during the Thirty Years' War. Noted for his victories in Dessau, Silesia, and at Alte Veste, von Wallenstein was also known for his ability to raise armies. In 1634, von Wallenstein was killed on the order of Ferdinand who believed that he was treacherous.

Robert the Bruce - King Robert the Bruce
Robert the Bruce ruled as King of Scotland from 1306 to 1329. One of the great warrior-kings, Robert the Bruce was instrumental in securing Scotland's independence. Robert the Bruce's greatest victory in this cause came at the Battle of Bannockburn in 1314.

Edward I - King Edward I
Edward I was a renowned warrior and King of England. Ruling from 1272 to 1307, Edward I crusaded in his youth and took part in numerous campaigns against Wales and Scotland. Edward I was known as Edward Longshanks for his height and as

Edward III - King Edward III of England - Hundred Years' War
King Edward III of England assumed the throne in 1327, he reasserted royal authority after the weak reign of his father, Edward II. Turning England into an effective military power, Edward III led the nation into the Hundred Years' War. Winning numerous victories, Edward conquered large parts of France.

Crusades: Holy Roman Emperor Frederick Barbarossa
Read the biography and military history of Frederick I Barbarossa, who reigned as Holy Roman Emperor from 1155 to 1190.

Battle of Leuthen - Frederick the Great Battle of Leuthen
The Battle of Leuthen was fought December 5, 1757, between Prussia and Austria. Fought near Leuthen, Frederick the Great outmaneuvered the Austrians and attacked their flank. The resulting rout made Leuthen Frederick's masterpiece.

Korean War: Grumman F9F Panther
The Grumman F9F Panther was a US Navy fighter that saw extensive service during the Korean War. Entering service in 1949, the F9F Panther was the US Navy's first successful jet fighter. Used during the Korean War, the F9F Panther proved an extensive ground attack fighter.

World War II: Grumman F8F Bearcat
The Grumman F8F Bearcat was a US Navy fighter designed during World War II which arrived too late to see combat but represented the final evolution of the service's piston-engine fighters.

Helmuth von Moltke - Franco-Prussian War Field Marshal
Field Marshal Count Helmuth von Moltke was a key figure in the Prussian Army for much of the 19th century. Made Chief of the General Staff in 1857, he remained in the position for three decades. Helmuth von Moltke modernized the army and developed successful plans for defeating Denmark, Austria, and France.

Charles Gordon - General Charles Chinese Gordon
Major General Charles

Major General Zachary Taylor - A Military Profile
Major General Zachary Taylor earned famed for his service during the Mexican-American War when he won victories at Palo Alto, Resaca de la Palma, Monterrey, and Buena Vista. Zachary Taylor was a veteran of the War of 1812, Black Hawk War, and the Second Seminole War. In 1848, Zachary Taylor was elected President of the United States and died in office two years later.

War of 1812 - President/General William Henry Harrison
William Henry Harrison joined the army in 1791, at age 18. Serving on the frontier, he later moved through several administrative positions and became governor of the Indiana Territory. During the War of 1812, William Henry Harrison led American forces to victory in western Canada. Following the war, he served in a variety of political posts until being elected president in 1840.

Jean Bernadotte - Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte - King Charles XIV John of Sweden
Jean Bernadotte rose rapidly through the ranks during the French Revolution and Napoleonic Wars. Made a Marshal of France, Jean Bernadotte saw action at Austerlitz and Wagram. Jean Bernadotte was later made King Charles XIV of Sweden

Werner Mölders - Ace Werner Mölders - World War II - Luftwaffe
Werner Mölders was a noted German ace during World War II. Flying with the Luftwaffe, Werner Mölders became the first pilot in history to score 100 kills. After service in the Battle of Britain and on the Eastern Front, Werner Mölders was killed in November 1941 when his transport plane crashed.

Johnnie Johnson - World War 2 Johnnie Johnson
Air Vice Marshal James

Erich Hartmann - World War II Ace - Luftwaffe
Major Erich Hartmann was noted German flying ace during World War II. Flying largely on the Eastern Front, Erich Hartmann shot down 352 enemy aircraft and is the highest scoring ace in aviation history. After the war, Erich Hartmann was held as a war criminal by the Soviets before being freed and joining the West German Luftwaffe.

Gen. Henry "Hap" Arnold - World War II History
General Henry

Benjamin O. Davis - Tuskegee Airmen - World War II
General Benjamin O. Davis, Jr. earned fame as the leader of the Tuskegee Airmen during World War II. The first African-American fighter unit, Benjamin O. Davis' flyers earned a sterling reputation for their performance in combat. Remaining in service, Benjamin O. Davis aided in de-segregating the US Air Force and served until 1970.

Colonel Gregory "Pappy" Boyington: Biography - WWII
Colonel Gregory

James McCudden - World War I Ace
Major James McCudden was a British fighter ace during World War I. In the course of the fighting James McCudden downed 57 enemy aircraft. James McCudden died following a flying accident in July 1918.

Edward Mannock - World War I Ace Edward Mick Mannock
Edward

Werner Voss - World War I - German Ace
Werner Voss was noted German ace during World War I. A friend of the Red Baron, Werner Voss was credited with 48 kills. Flying in September 1917, Werner Voss was killed in a fight with 56 Squadron.

Ernst Udet - World War I - German Ace
Lieutenant Ernst Udet was a noted German ace during World War I. Ernst Udet downed 62 enemy aircraft and was the second-highest German ace of the conflict. In the 1930s, Ernst Udet aided in building the Luftwaffe and oversaw aircraft development during the early days of World War II.

Rene Fonck - World War I Ace - Flying Ace Rene Fonck
Colonel Rene Fonck was the top-scoring Allied fighter ace of World War I. Scoring his first victory in August 1916, Rene Fonck went on to down 75 German aircraft during the course of the conflict. After World War I, Rene Fonck later returned to the military and served until 1939.

Raoul Lufbery - World War I Raoul Lufbery Ace
Raoul Lufbery was a French-American pilot during World War I. First serving with the Escadrille Lafayette, he later was transferred to the US 94th Aero Squadron. Before his death in 1917, Lufbery was credited with 17 kills over the Western Front.

Air Force Leaders & Pioneers
Here you will find information about aviation leaders and pioneers from throughout military history. Read more about famous aces like Eddie Rickenbacker and Erich Hartmann, as well as commanders such as Billy Mitchell and Sir Arthur

Georges Guynemer - World War I French Ace Georges Guynemer
Georges Guynemer was one of the great French aces of World War I. Born in Compiègne, Guynemer was initially turned down by the French Army and elected to join the air service. Learning to fly, Guynemer ultimately downed 53 enemy aircraft before his death in 1917. He finished as the second-highest scorer in French service.

Oswald Boelcke - Ace Oswald Boelcke World War I
Oswald Boelcke was one of the first true fighter pilots of World War I. Selected to fly the Fokker E.I, Boelcke helped develop the fundamentals of aerial combat. Oswald Boelcke trained other aces such as Manfred von Richthofen prior to his death in 1916.

Carl Spaatz - Biography of US Army Air Force General Carl Spaatz - World War II - US Army Air Forces
Born in 1891, Carl Spaatz became one the key leaders of US air forces during World War II. A fighter pilot in World War I, Spaatz rose through the ranks and commanded the Eighth Air Force during its early operations in World War II. Promoted higher, Spaatz later led the US Strategic Air Forces in Europe and the Pacific before being named the first Chief of Staff of the US Air Force.

William Barker - William George Barker - World War I Ace
Lieutenant Colonel William George Barker was a noted flying ace during World War I. Seeing service on the Western and Italian Fronts, William George Barker earned the Victoria Cross in 1918. At the end of the war, William George Barker was Canada's most-decorated serviceman.

World War I Aces - World War I Aviation Leaders
An overview of World War I aces and aviation leaders.

Guy Gibson - World War II - Dambusters
Wing Commander Guy Gibson was a Victoria Cross-winning pilot during World War II. Flying for the Royal Air Force, Guy Gibson led the famed

Arthur Harris - World War II Arthur Bomber Harris Biography
Marshal Arthur

World War II: General Jimmy Doolittle
General Jimmy Doolittle began his career during World War I and rose to prominence during the interwar years as an aviation pioneer and racer. With the outbreak of World War II, Jimmy Doolittle returned to active service and led a daring raid on Tokyo before taking command of the Eighth Air Force. Remaining in the service after the war, Doolittle retired in 1959.

General Billy Mitchell - US Army - Aviation
Brigadier General Billy Mitchell was a noted military aviation pioneer. Leading US air units during World War I, Billy Mitchell continued to advocate for air power in the years after the war. Mitchell was famously court-martialed for insubordination in 1925 when he criticized defense policy.

Manfred von Richthofen - World War I Ace Red Baron Manfred von Richthofen
Manfred von Richthofen, better known as the

HMS Dreadnought (WWI Battleship) Overview
HMS Dreadnought entered service in 1906 and immediately rendered existing battleships obsolete. The first to feature an

Edmund Kirby Smith - Civil War - General - Confederate
General Edmund Kirby Smith was a Confederate commander during the American Civil War. A West Point graduate and Mexican-American War veteran, Edmund Kirby Smith was wounded at First Bull Run and later took part in the invasion of Kentucky. For the final three years of the Civil War, Edmund Kirby Smith commanded the Trans-Mississippi Department.

Richard Taylor - Civil War - Confederacy - Lieutenant General
Lieutenant General Richard Taylor was a Confederate commander during the American Civil War. The son of President Zachary Taylor, Richard Taylor saw service in the 1862 Valley Campaign before moving through several posts in the West where he defeated the Union Red River Campaign. The commander of the Army of Tennessee at the end of the conflict, Richard Taylor surrendered on May 8, 1865.y

Earl Van Dorn - American Civil War - Major General
Major General Earl Van Dorn was a Confederate commander during the American Civil War. A veteran of the Mexican-American War, Earl Van Dorn served in the Western Theater of the Civil War and suffered defeats at Pea Ridge and Corinth. A noted womanizer, Earl Van Dorn was murdered by a jealous husband in 1863.

Richard Ewell - Civil War - Lieutenant General - Army of Northern Virginia
Lieutenant General Richard Ewell was a Confederate commander during the Civil War who saw extensive service with the Army of Northern Virginia. Graduating from West Point in 1840, Richard Ewell took part in the Mexican-American War and served on the frontier. Joining the Confederacy in 1861, Richard Ewell rose to lead the Army of Northern Virginia's Second Corps.

Daniel Harvey Hill - American Civil War - General D.H. Hill
Major General Daniel Harvey Hill was a Confederate commander during the American Civil War. Serving in both the Eastern and Western Theater, Daniel Harvey Hill played a key role in several engagements including the Battle of Chickamauga. A critic of General Robert E. Lee and Braxton Bragg, Daniel Harvey Hill was later relegated to minor posts.

Sterling Price - American Civil War - Major General
Major General Sterling Price was a Confederate commander during the American Civil War. Sterling Price led Confederate forces in the west during the early years of the conflict. Leading an invasion of Missouri in 1864, Sterling Price was defeated by Union forces.

George Pickett: American Civil War General
Major General George Pickett was a Confederate commander in the Army of Northern Virginia. George Pickett is best remembered for Pickett's Charge during the Battle of Gettysburg in July 1863. In the war's final days, Pickett was defeated at the Battle of Five Forks.

Leonidas Polk - Civil War - Confederate General
Lieutenant General Leonidas Polk was a graduate of West Point who entered the ministry shortly after graduation. Returning to the military at the beginning of the Civil War, Leonidas Polk used his connections to President Jefferson Davis to secure a major general's commission. Serving in the west, Leonidas Polk commanded troops until his death in combat in June 1864.

John Singleton Mosby - American Civil War John Singleton Mosby Confederate Raider
Colonel John Singleton Mosby was a noted Confederate cavalryman and partisen ranger during the American Civil War. Enlisting in the Confederate army, Mosby was quickly noted as a skilled leader and swiftly rose through the ranks. Given command of a partisen ranger unit, John Singlton Mosby became renowed for daring lightning attacks on Union forces.

John C. Pemberton - Civil War - Siege of Vicksburg
Lieutenant General John C. Pemberton was a Confederate commander during the Civil War. Though northern by birth, John C. Pemberton elected to serve the Confederacy and oversaw Southern forces during the Siege of Vicksburg. After surrendering the city, John C. Pemberton was exchanged but failed to secure another major command during the war.

John Hunt Morgan - Civil War John Hunt Morgan - Confederate Raider John Hunt Morgan Biography
Born in 1825, John Hunt Morgan became one of the Confederacy's most notorious raiders. A native of Kentucky, Morgan was captured in 1863, after raiding north across the Ohio. Escaping, he returned to Southern service and was killed in September 1864, at Greeneville, TN.

Albert Sidney Johnston - Civil War General Albert Sidney Johnston
General Albert Sidney Johnston was a key Confederate commander in the early days of the Civil War. A veteran of the Texas Revolution and the US Army, Johnston was appointed to lead Confederate forces in the West. Albert Sidney Johnston was killed during the Battle of Shiloh in April 1862.

Lewis Armistead - Civil War - Confederate - Battle of Gettysburg
Brigadier General Lewis Arimstead was a Confederate commander during the American Civil War. Serving in the Army of Northern Virginia, Lewis Armistead took part in its campaigns during 1862. The following year, Lewis Armistead was mortally wounded while taking part in Pickett's Charge during the Battle of Gettysburg.

American Civil War - General P.G.T. Beauregard
General P.G.T. Beauregard was a Confederate commander during the Civil War. General Beauregard earned early fame for the capture of Fort Sumter and victory at the First Battle of Bull Run. After being defeated at Shiloh, the difficult to work with General Beauregard moved through a series of secondary commands.

American Civil War Biographies - American Civil War Biographies Generals - American Civil War Biographies Union and Confederate
Here you will find information about the Union and Confederate commanders who guided forces during the American Civil War.

Philip H. Sheridan - Union Generals - American Civil War - Battle of Cedar Creek
The Union Army employed hundreds of generals during the Civil War. This gallery provides an overview of several of the key Union generals who contributed to the Union's cause and helped guide its armies to victory. This photo shows Major General Philip Sheridan. Page 14.

Abraham Lincoln - Union Generals - Civil War - US President Abraham Lincoln
The Union Army employed hundreds of generals during the Civil War. This gallery provides an overview of several of the key Union generals who contributed to the Union's cause and helped guide its armies to victory. This photograph shows President Abraham Lincoln. Page 15.

Ulysses S Grant - Union Generals - American Civil War - General in Chief
The Union Army employed hundreds of generals during the Civil War. This gallery provides an overview of several of the key Union generals who contributed to the Union's cause and helped guide its armies to victory. This photo shows Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant. Page 9.

General Ambrose Burnside - Union Generals - American Civil War - Battle of Fredericksburg
The Union Army employed hundreds of generals during the Civil War. This gallery provides an overview of several of the key Union generals who contributed to the Union's cause and helped guide its armies to victory. This photo shows Major General Ambrose Burnside. Page 4.

Don Carlos Buell - Union Generals - American Civil War - Battle of Perryville
The Union Army employed hundreds of generals during the Civil War. This gallery provides an overview of several of the key Union generals who contributed to the Union's cause and helped guide its armies to victory. This photo shows Major General Don Carlos Buell. Page 10.

George G Meade - Union Generals - American Civil War - Army of the Potomac
The Union Army employed hundreds of generals during the Civil War. This gallery provides an overview of several of the key Union generals who contributed to the Union's cause and helped guide its armies to victory. This photo shows Major General George G. Meade. Page 6.

George H. Thomas - Union Generals - American Civil War - Battle of Chickamauga
The Union Army employed hundreds of generals during the Civil War. This gallery provides an overview of several of the key Union generals who contributed to the Union's cause and helped guide its armies to victory. This photo shows Major General George H. Thomas. Page 13.

General George B McClellan - Union Generals - American Civil War - Army of the Potomac
The Union Army employed hundreds of generals during the Civil War. This gallery provides an overview of several of the key Union generals who contributed to the Union's cause and helped guide its armies to victory. This photograph shows Major General George McClellan. Page 2.

Henry W Halleck - Union Generals - American Civil War - General in Chief
The Union Army employed hundreds of generals during the Civil War. This gallery provides an overview of several of the key Union generals who contributed to the Union's cause and helped guide its armies to victory. Page 8.

General Irvin McDowell - Union Generals - American Civil War - First Battle of Bull Run
The Union Army employed hundreds of generals during the Civil War. This gallery provides an overview of several of the key Union generals who contributed to the Union's cause and helped guide its armies to victory. This photo shows Major General Irvin McDowell.

General John Pope - Union Generals - American Civil War - Second Battle of Bull Run
The Union Army employed hundreds of generals during the Civil War. This gallery provides an overview of several of the key Union generals who contributed to the Union's cause and helped guide its armies to victory. This photo shows Major General John Pope. Page 3.

Joseph Hooker - Union Generals - American Civil War - Battle of Chancellorsville
The Union Army employed hundreds of generals during the Civil War. This gallery provides an overview of several of the key Union generals who contributed to the Union's cause and helped guide its armies to victory. This photograph shows Major General Joseph Hooker. Page 5.

William S Rosecrans - Union Generals - American Civil War - Battle of Stones River - Battle of Chickamauga
The Union Army employed hundreds of generals during the Civil War. This gallery provides an overview of several of the key Union generals who contributed to the Union's cause and helped guide its armies to victory. This photo shows Major General William Rosecrans. Page 11.

General William T Sherman - Union Generals - American Civil War - March to the Sea
The Union Army employed hundreds of generals during the Civil War. This gallery provides an overview of several of the key Union generals who contributed to the Union's cause and helped guide its armies to victory. This photo shows Major General William T. Sherman. Page 12.

Winfield Scott Hancock - Union Generals - American Civil War
The Union Army employed hundreds of generals during the Civil War. This gallery provides an overview of several of the key Union generals who contributed to the Union's cause and helped guide its armies to victory. This photograph shows Major General Winfield Scott Hancock. Page 7.

American Civil War Union Generals - Photographs of American Civil War Union Generals
The Union Army employed hundreds of generals during the Civil War. This gallery provides an overview of several of the key Union generals who contributed to the Union's cause and helped guide its armies to victory.

American Civil War Union Generals - Photographs of American Civil War Union Generals
The Union Army employed hundreds of generals during the Civil War. This gallery provides an overview of several of the key Union generals who contributed to the Union's cause and helped guide its armies to victory.

Battle of Gettysburg - Union Leaders - Corps Commanders
Fought in July 1863, the Battle of Gettysburg saw Union commanders and the Army of the Potomac defeat the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia. Led by Major General George G. Meade, Union forces fought a defensive battle and triumphed. The Battle of Gettysburg was the turning point of the Civil War in the East.

Gouverneur K. Warren - Civil War - Major General - Union Army
Major General Gouverneur Warren was a Union leader who saw service during the American Civil War. Gouverneur Warren came to fame after playing a key role at the Battle of Gettysburg. In 1864, Gouverneur Warren assumed command of V Corps which he lead until the Battle of Five Forks a year later.

John M. Schofield - Civil War General
Lieutenant General John M. Schofield was a Union officer that rose to prominence during the Civil War and later served as commanding general of the US Army and Secretary of War.

George Sykes - Civil War - Major General - US Army
Major General George Sykes was a Union commander during the American Civil War. A West Point graduate, George Sykes saw service during the Mexican-American War and later led the US Regulars during the early days of the Civil War. George Sykes led the Union V Corps during the Battle of Gettysburg but was later reassigned to the Department of Kansas.

Henry Slocum - Civil War - Major General - Army of the Potomac
Major General Henry Slocum was a Union commander during the American Civil War. Graduating from West Point, Henry Slocum quickly rose through the ranks during the Civil War and led the Union XII Corps at Gettysburg. Later transferred to the Western Theater, Henry Slocum saw action at Chattanooga, the March to the Sea, and the Carolinas Campaign.

General William Tecumseh Sherman - Civil War
William Tecumseh Sherman was a key Union general during the Civil War. Rising to prominence under Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, Sherman served as an effective corps commander before being given overall command in the West. Capturing Atlanta in 1864, William Sherman conducted a scorched earth march to Savannah.

William Sherman - Civil War William Tecumseh Sherman
William Tecumseh Sherman was a key Union general during the Civil War. Rising to prominence under Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, Sherman served as an effective corps commander before being given overall command in the West. Capturing Atlanta in 1864, William Sherman conducted a scorched earth march to Savannah. Page 2.

American Civil War: General Philip H. Sheridan
General Philip H. Sheridan rose to prominence during the Civil War. A gifted commander, he first served with the the Army of the Cumberland in the Western Theater, before coming east to command the Army of the Potomac's cavalry and the Army of the Shenandoah. Sheridan later rose to general of the army and oversaw US forces during the Indian Wars in the West.

Edwin V. Sumner - Civil War - Union - Major General
Major General Edwin V. Sumner was a Union commander during the Civil War. Edwin V. Sumner took part in the Mexican-American War and quickly rose to corps command in the Army of the Potomac during the early years of the Civil War. Edwin V. Sumner left his command following the Battle of Fredericksburg.

John Pope - Civil War - Major General John Pope
Major General John Pope was a Union commander during the Civil War. A West Point graduate, John Pope saw action during the Mexican-American War and later had success in the West during the opening months of the Civil War. Brought east, John Pope was badly defeated at the Second Battle of Manassas in August 1862 and as a result was removed from command.

William Rosecrans - General William Rosecrans - Civil War - Army of the Cumberland
Major General William S. Rosecrans was a Union commander that saw extensive service in the Western Theater of the Civil War. Given command of the Army of the Cumberland, William Rosecrans fought at Stones River before conducting the brilliant Tullahoma Campaign which took Chattanooga. William Rosecrans' reputation was shattered when he was badly beaten at the Battle of Chickamauga and fled the field.

American Civil War: Major General John F. Reynolds
Major General John Reynolds was a Union leader during the Civil War. A veteran of the Mexican-American War, John Reynolds saw action during the Sevens Days Battles, Second Manassas, Fredericksburg, and the Chancellorsville. Leadin the Union I Corps, John Reynolds was killed during the first day of the Battle of Gettysburg.

John Sedgwick - Major General - Civil War - Union
Major General John Sedgwick was a Union corps commander during the Civil War. A native of Connecticut, John Sedgwick saw service during the Mexican-American and quickly moved up the ranks during the Civil War. Leading the Union VI Corps in 1863 and 1864, John Sedgwick was killed by a sharpshooter at the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House.

Fitz John Porter - Civil War - Major General
Major General Fitz John Porter was a Union commander during the American Civil War. Serving in the Army of the Potomac, Fitz John Porter took part in the campaigns of 1862. Later that year, Fitz John Porter was court-martialed for his actions at the Second Battle of Manassas.

David Beatty - World War I - Royal Navy - Battle of Jutland
Admiral of the Fleet Sir David Beatty led the British Grand Fleet during the second half of World War I. A rising star in the Royal Navy, he was youngest admiral since Horatio Nelson. A key player in World War I, he commanded British forces at the Heligoland Bight and Dogger Bank, as well as led the battlecruisers at Jutland.

Joseph E. Johnston - American Civil War General
General Joseph E. Johnston was a key Confederate leader during the Civil War. Fighting at First Bull Run, Joseph Johnston next led the Confederate army during the 1862 Peninsula Campaign until he was badly wounded at Seven Pines. Joseph Johnston later commanded the Department of the West and the Army of Tennessee.

Horatio Nelson - Biography of Vice Admiral Horatio Nelson
Born in 1758, Horatio Nelson rose to become one the world's greatest naval leaders. Horatio Nelson's victories at the Battle of the Nile, the Battle of Copenhagen, and the Battle of Trafalgar played a key role in the defeat of Revolutionary France and Napoleon. Horatio Nelson fell mortally wounded at the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805.

George McClellan - Union Civil War General
George McClellan was a Union general during the Civil War who organized the Army of the Potomac. Leading it during the Peninsula Campaign, McClellan was defeated by Gen. Robert E. Lee. Again leading the army at Antietam, McClellan failed to win a decisive victory and his slow pursuit of the enemy led to his removal.

George McClellan - Civil War General George McClellan
George McClellan was a Union general during the Civil War who organized the Army of the Potomac. Leading it during the Peninsula Campaign, McClellan was defeated by Gen. Robert E. Lee. Again leading the army at Antietam, McClellan failed to win a decisive victory and his slow pursuit of the enemy led to his removal. Page 2.

John McClernand - Civil War - Major General - Union
Major General John A. McClernand was a Union commander during the American Civil War. A political general, John McClernand took part in the early battles in the Western Theater and ultimately rose to corps command. Serving under Major General Ulysses S. Grant, John McClernand was relieved during the Siege of Vicksburg for violating his commander's orders regarding communicating with the press.

Philip Kearny - General Kearny - Civil War
Major General Philip Kearny was a Union commander during the Civil War. Born to a wealthy family, Philip Kearny aspired to military career and later saw action during the Mexican-American War. With the outbreak of the Civil War, Philip Kearny took part in the Peninsula Campaign and the Second Battle of Manassas before being killed at the Battle of Chantilly.

Irvin McDowell - American Civil War - Major General - First Battle of Bull Run
Major General Irvin McDowell was a Union officer during the American Civil War. In 1861, Irvin McDowell led Union troops at the First Battle of Bull Run and was defeated by Confederate forces. The following year, Irvin McDowell led troops in Virginia and was partially to blame for the defeat at Second Manassas.

James McPherson - Civil War James McPherson - Army of the Tennessee
Major General James McPherson was a Union commander during the Civil War. Serving in the West with Major General Ulysses Grant, James McPherson rapidly rose through the ranks and commanded a corps during the Vicksburg Campaign. Given command of the Army of the Tennesse in 1864, James McPherson led it until his death at the Battle of Atlanta on July 22, 1864.

Nelson Miles - General Nelson Appleton Miles - US Army
General Nelson A. Miles was a noted American commander during the Civil War, Indian Wars, and Spanish-American War. Earning his stars during the Civil War, Nelson Miles became a famous Indian fighter and oversaw the campaign to capture Geronimo. Nelson Miles later led the invasion of Puerto Rico during the Spanish-American War.

Oliver O. Howard - Civil War - Major General - Oliver Otis Howard
Major General Oliver O. Howard was a Union commander during the American Civil War. Graduating from West Point in 1854, Oliver O. Howard quickly moved through the ranks during the early months of the Civil War and led the Union XI Corps at Chancellorsville and Gettysburg. Transferred west, Oliver O. Howard took part in the Atlanta Campaign and later commanded the Army of the Tennessee.

Andrew A. Humphreys - Civil War - Major General Andrew Humphreys
Major General Andrew A. Humphreys graduated from West Point in 1831 and saw extensive service in the Corps of Engineers. During the Civil War, Andrew A. Humphreys served in the Army of the Potomac and rose to command II Corps. After the war, Andrew A. Humphreys became Chief of Engineers and held the post until his retirement in 1879.

Henry Halleck - Civil War - Major General Henry Halleck
Major General Henry W. Halleck was a Union commander during the American Civil War. Seeing action in the West, Henry Halleck became the Union general-in-chief in July 1862. In early 1864, with Ulysses S. Grant's elevation to general-in-chief, Henry Halleck became chief of staff.

American Civil War: Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant
Ulysses S. Grant rose to command all Union armies during the Civil War. Winning early victories at Fort Donelson and Shiloh, he later captured Vicksburg before coming east to defeat Gen. Robert E. Lee. After the war, Ulysses S. Grant served as President of the United States from 1869-1877.

Ulysses Grant - Civil War Ulysses Grant
Ulysses S. Grant rose to command all Union armies during the Civil War. Winning early victories at Fort Donelson and Shiloh, he later captured Vicksburg before coming east to defeat Gen. Robert E. Lee. After the war, Ulysses S. Grant served as President of the United States from 1869-1877. Page 3.

American Civil War: Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant
Ulysses S. Grant rose to command all Union armies during the Civil War. Winning early victories at Fort Donelson and Shiloh, he later captured Vicksburg before coming east to defeat Gen. Robert E. Lee. After the war, Ulysses S. Grant served as President of the United States from 1869-1877. Page 4.

Brigadier General George S. Greene - Civil War
Major General George S. Greene was a Union commander during the Civil War. George S. Greene earned fame for his defense of Culp's Hill during the Battle of Gettysburg.

John Fremont - John C. Fremont - Civil War - Valley Campaign
Major General John C. Frémont was a Union commander during the Civil War. A noteworthy explorer before the war, John C. Frémont was the Republican Party's first presidential candidate. During the Civil War, he was beaten by Stonewall Jackson in the Shenandoah Valley.

Abner Doubleday - Biography of Civil War General Abner Doubleday
Born in 1819, Abner Doubleday attended West Point and graduated as an artillery officer. After firing the first shot in defense of Fort Sumter, Doubleday quickly rose through the Union ranks. After the death of Gen. John Reynolds at Gettysburg, Doubleday ably led I Corps against the Confederates. After the battle, Doubleday left the Army of the Potomac due to a feud with Gen. George Meade and served out the war at Washington DC.

Benjamin Grierson - Civil War- Grierson's Raid - Vicksburg Campaign
Major General Benjamin Grierson was a Union cavalry commander during the American Civil War. Ascending to brigade commander, Benjamin Grierson led a daring raid through Mississippi during the Vicksbirg Campaign. Further rising through the ranks, Benjamin Grierson led cavalry formations until the end of the war and later served on the western frontier.

Edward Canby - Civil War - Union General
Major General Edward Canby was a Union commander during the American Civil War. Gaining fame for his efforts in New Mexico, Edward Canby later directed the campaign against Mobile, AL. Edward Canby was killed in 1873 while negotiating with the Modocs.

Benjamin Butler - Civil War - Major General - Governor of Massachusetts
Major General Benjamin Butler was a controversial political general during the American Civil War. Appointed in 1861, Benjamin Butler oversaw forces in Maryland and Virginia before assuming control of Union forces at New Orleans. Benjamin Butler was relieved in early 1865 after a failed attack on Fort Fisher in North Carolina.

Don Carlos Buell - Civil War - Union Army
Major General Don Carlos Buell was Union commander during the Civil War. A native of Ohio, Don Carlos Buell saw service during the Mexican-American War and was appointed a brigadier general following the beginning of the Civil War. Leading the Army of the Ohio, Don Carlos Buell saw action at Shiloh, Perryville, and during the Siege of Corinth.

Battle of Charleroi - World War I
The Battle of Charleroi was fought on August 21-23, 1914, along the Sambre River during the opening campaign of World War I and saw French forces driven back by the Germans.

B-26 Marauder, World War II Bomber Aircraft
The Martin B-26 Marauder was a bomber used by the Allies during World War II. Entering service in 1941, it was initially plagued by accidents.

Joseph Joffre - World War I - French General
Marshal Joseph Joffre was a French commander during World War I. Overseeing the victory at the First Battle of the Marne, Joseph Joffre served as command-in-chief of the French Army. Replaced in 1916, Joseph Joffre still received the title of Marshal of France.

Battle of the Ice - Battle of the Ice Lake Peipus
The Battle of the Ice was fought April 5, 1242, during the Northern Crusades. The Battle of the Ice saw Crusader forces engage Novgorod and the Grand Duchy of Vladimir on the frozen surface of Lake Peipus. In the fighting on the ice, the Russians won a clear victory and halted Crusader aggression.

Heinkel He 162 - World War II Fighter
The Heinkel He 162 was a German jet fighter developed during World War II which saw limited service in the conflict's final months.

North American F-86 Sabre - Korean War Fighter
The F-86 Sabre was the iconic US aircraft of the Korean War. Introduced in 1949, it saw extensive service over the Korean Peninsula between 1950 and 1953.

Battle of Cambrai - World War I - Western Front - Tanks
The Battle of Cambrai was fought November 20-December 6, 1917, and saw British forces make the first successful use of tanks. Attacking towards Cambrai, the British initially made great gains causing the Germans to consider abandoning the town. Bringing reserves to Cambrai, German counterattacks recovered almost all of the lost ground.

Battle of Langport - English Civil War Battle of Langport
The Battle of Langport was fought July 10, 1645, during the English Civil War. Advancing after the Battle of Naseby, the New Model Army sought to destroy the last Royalist field army. Engaging Lord Goring at the Battle of Langport, the Parliamentarians won a victory.

Brigadier General Robert H. Milroy - American Civil War
Brigadier General Robert H. Milroy was a Union commander during the American Civil War who fought in the Shenandoah Valley.

World War II - World War II Experiences
The largest conflict in history, World War II saw unprecedented losses and forever altered the landscape. Here readers respond with their own experiences regarding the World War II. This is a place for veterans to share their stories and connect with their comrades.

Vietnam War - Vietnam War Experiences
The Vietnam War helped define a generation. Here readers respond with their own experiences regarding the Vietnam War. This is a place for veterans to share their stories and connect with their comrades.

World War II Admirals - Top 5 World War II Admirals
World War II saw the rise of great admirals in each of the combatant nations. Here we profile five of the best admirals to command fleets during the conflict. Page 2.

World War II Admirals - Top 5 World War II Admirals
World War II saw the rise of great admirals in each of the combatant nations. Here we profile five of the best admirals to command fleets during the conflict.

Battle of Ridgefield - American Revolution - Benedict Arnold - Revolutionary War
The Battle of Ridgefield was fought April 27, 1777, during the American Revolution. Raiding into Connecticut, British forces destroyed a depot at Danbury before coming under attack at the Battle of Ridgefield. The fighting at the Battle of Ridgefield saw Brigadier General Benedict Arnold attempt to halt the enemy as they withdrew.

Battle of Groton Heights - American Revolution Battle of Groton Heights - Benedict Arnold at the Batle of Groton Heights
On September 6, 1781, American forces were defeated at the Battle of Groton Heights. Raiding New London, CT, British troops, led by traitor Benedict Arnold, landed and burned the town. Advancing on Fort Griswold, the Battle of Groton Heights saw the British storm and capture the fort against American opposition.

Siege of Fort St. Jean - American Revolution - Siege of Fort St. John - Revolutionary War
The Siege of Fort St. Jean was fought in the fall of 1775 during the American Revolution. Pushing north into Canada, American forces laid siege to Fort St. Jean and captured it after several weeks. The success at the Siege of Fort St. Jean opened the way for the American invasion of Canada.

Trent Affair - Civil War - Trent Affair Crisis
The Trent Affair was a diplomatic crisis during the early days of the Civil War. The Trent Affair began when two Confederate diplomats were removed from a British ship by the US Navy. Several weeks of tension ensued until the Trent Affair was resolved by the Lincoln Administration releasing the two agents.

Vietnam War: Battle of Dak to (Kontum Province)
The Battle of Dak To began as attempt by the North Vietnamese to destroy a sizable US force in the Central Highlands of Vietnam. This attack was disrupted by US forces and the three week Battle of Dak To ensued with American troops fighting to dislodge the North Vietnamese from a series of fortified hills and ridges. After heavy fighting, the Americans were able to win the Battle of Dak To and force the North Vietnamese to retreat.

World War II: The Battle of Taranto
The Battle of Taranto was fought on the night of November 11/12, 1940, and consisted of a British aerial attack on the Italian fleet. Flying from HMS Illustrious, 21 Fairey Swordfish torpedo bombers struck the anchorage at Taranto, sinking one battleship and crippling two more. The attack on Taranto forces the Italians to withdraw their fleet farther north and helped inspire the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor.

Major General Franz Sigel - American Civil War
Major General Franz Sigel was a German-American commander during the American Civil War who saw service in the West and in Virginia.

Vietnam War: Hill 937 becomes Hamburger Hill
May 10-20, 1969 - US troops capture Hill 937, a.k.a. Hamburger Hill, after a prolonged battle. Advancing into the A Shau Valley as part of Operation Apache

World War II: Carl A. Spaatz Born
June 28, 1891 - Future Chief of the Staff of the US Air Force Carl A. Spaatz (right) is born at Boyertown, PA. Graduating from West Point in 1914, he

War of 1812: "We have met the enemy and they are ours!"
September 10, 1813 - Master Commandant Oliver H. Perry (right) defeats the British at the Battle of Lake Erie. Through the first half of 1813, American and

American Revolution: The Turning Point
September 19, 1777 - American and British forces open the Battle of Saratoga at Freeman's Farm. In 1777, Maj. Gen. John Burgoyne commenced a plan to sever

World War II: The Desert Fox
November 15, 1891 - Erwin Rommel (right) is born at Heidenheim, Germany. Entering the army in 1910, Rommel saw service on multiple fronts during World War I

World War II: German Troops Occupy the Sudetenland
October 10, 1938 - As a result of the Munich Agreement, German troops complete their occupation of the Sudetenland. Having successfully claimed Austria in

World War II: Douglas TBD Devastator
Often dubbed a failure due to its brief World War II service, the Douglas TBD Devastator was a revolutionary aircraft at the time of its introduction.

Tipu Sultan Killed as Seringapatam Falls
May 4, 1799 - After opening a breach in the outer wall, British and sepoy troops storm the city of Seringapatam, killing Tipu Sultan and ending the Fourth

First Crusade: Siege of Antioch
June 3, 1098 - After an eight-month siege, the city of Antioch (right) falls to the Christian army of the First Crusade. Arriving at the city on October

Korean War: North Korea Invades!
June 25, 1950 - North Korean troops sweep across the 38th Parallel invading South Korea and beginning the Korean War. In the waning days World War II, the

Seven Years' War: Battle of Domstadtl
June 30, 1758 - Austrian troops attack and decimate a large Prussian supply convoy near the village of Domašov in Moravia. Invading Moravia in the spring

American Revolution: John Paul Jones Captures HMS Serapis
September 23, 1779 - In a naval battle off Flamborough Head, John Paul Jones and Bonhomme Richard (left) captures HMS Serapis. Departing France in August

Vietnam War: Battle of Dak To Begins
November 3, 1967 - In the Central Highlands of Vietnam, the Battle of Dak To (right) begins as American and North Vietnamese forces clash. The Battle of

US Navy: Chesapeake-Leopard Affair
USS Chesapeake was a US Navy frigate that was part of the 1807 Chesapeake-Leopard Affair and later captured by HMS Shannon during the War of 1812.

American Civil War: Reynolds Born
Major General John Reynolds was a key Union commander during the Civil War who was killed during the first day of the Battle of Gettysburg.

American Civil War: Lt. Gen. Richard Ewell
Lieutenant General Richard Ewell was a Confederate commander during the Civil War and saw extensive action with the Army of Northern Virginia's Second Corps.

American Civil War: McDowell Beaten at Bull Run
Major General Irvin McDowell was a Union commander during the American Civil War who was defeated at the First Battle of Bull Run in 1861.

American Civil War: Sumner Dies
Major General Edwin V. Sumner was a Union commander during the Civil War and saw action during the Seven Days' Battles, Antietam, and Fredericksburg.

American Civil War: The Knight of Romance
Major General Alfred Pleasonton was a Union cavalry commander during the Civil War who played key roles at the Battles of Brandy Station and Gettysburg.

World War II: The Big Three Meet
November 1, 1943 - Roosevelt, Churchill, and (right) open the Tehran Conference. The first face-to-face meeting of the

War of 1812: Commodore Stephen Decatur Born
March 22, 1820 - Commodore Stephen Decatur (right) dies following a duel with Commodore James Barron. The son a naval officer, Stephen Decatur entered the

War of the Spanish Succession: Marlborough Triumphant at Ramillies
May 23, 1706 - The Duke of Marlborough (left) crushes the French at the Battle of Ramillies. Advancing through the the Spanish Netherlands, an army of the

World War II: Bombers Hit Schweinfurt & Regensburg
August 17, 1943 - American bombers (left) launch the first Schweinfurt-Regensburg raid. In accordance with the Pointblank Directive, which called for the

World War II: Dieppe Raid Fails
August 19, 1942 - Allied efforts to raid Dieppe, France (right) fail completely. The brainchild of the British Chief of Combined Operations, Lord Louis

Civil War 150th: Grant's Regret
May 31-June 12, 1864 - Union and Confederate armies meet at the Battle of Cold Harbor. Pushing south after the Battles of the Wilderness and Spotsylvania

World War I: USS Delaware (BB-28)
Commissioned in 1910, USS Delaware (BB-28) was the lead ship in its class and saw service in World War I before being sold for scrap in 1924.

Cold War: SR-71 Blackbird First Flies
December 22, 1964 - The SR-71 Blackbird (right) first takes to the sky. One of the most distinctive and visually impressive aircraft flown by the US Air

World War I: USS Michigan (BB-27)
USS Michigan (BB-27) was a South Carolina-class battleship commissioned in 1910 that saw service during World War I.

American Civil War: Armistead Born
Brigadier General Lewis Armistead was a Confederate commander during the Civil War who took part in Pickett's Charge at the Battle of Gettysburg and was mortally wounded.

War of 1812: William Bainbridge Born
Commodore William Bainbridge was an officer in the US Navy who saw extensive service during the Quasi-War, Barbary Wars, and War of 1812 and is best known for his capture of HMS Java.

American Revolution: Lincoln Leaves Savannah
Major General Benjamin Lincoln was a commander in the Continental Army during the American Revolution.

American Civil War: Butler Beaten
Major General Benjamin Butler was a controversial Union commander during the Civil War who led troops at New Orleans and in Virginia before being relieved in early 1865.

World War I: USS North Dakota (BB-29)
USS North Dakota (BB-29) was a Delaware-class battleship that entered service in 1910. Serving off Veracruz in 1914, it remained in home waters during World War I.

American Revolution: Battle of Ridgefield
The Battle of Ridgefield was fought April 27, 1777, during the American Revolution and saw British forces raid into Connecticut.

American Civil War: Victory at Champion Hill
The Battle of Champion Hill was fought May 16, 1863, during the American Civil War and saw Union forces triumph over Lt. Gen. John C. Pemberton's army.

American Civil War: Battle of Big Black River Bridge
The Battle of Big Black River Bridge was fought May 17, 1863, and saw Union forces win a clear victory before pressing on to Vicksburg.

World War I: USS South Carolina (BB-26)
Military History.

World War II: Carriers Battle in the Coral Sea
May 4-8, 1942 - US carriers block a Japanese thrust towards Port Moresby at the Battle of the Coral Sea. With the Philippines secured, the Japanese sought

Civil War 150th: VMI Cadets Help Win Battle of New Market
May 15, 1864 - Confederate forces win the Battle of New Market. Operating in conjunction with Lieutenant Gen. Ulysses S. Grant's main advance in Virginia,

World War II: British Escape Dunkirk
May 25, 1940 - British General Lord Gort decides to evacuate troops from France (right) beginning the Battle of Dunkirk. On May 24, 1940, Hitler urged

Russo-Japanese War: Russians Crushed at Tsushima
May 27-28, 1905 - The Japanese destroy the Russian fleet at the Battle of Tsushima. Following several reverses in the conflict, Tsar Nicholas II dispatched

American Revolution: Fort Ticonderoga Falls
May 10, 1775 - Ethan Allen and the Green Mountain Boys capture Fort Ticonderoga (right). Built between 1755 and 1758 by the French, Fort Ticonderoga was

World War II: The Dambusters Strike
May 17, 1943 - British bombers conduct the famous Dambuster Raids. Seeking to inflict damage on water and electricity production in the Ruhr, the Royal Air

Wars of the Roses: Lancastrians Undone at Tewkesbury
May 4, 1471 - Lancastrian forces are defeated by Edward IV at the Battle of Tewkesbury. Landing on the same day that the Earl of Warwick was defeated at the

American Civil War: Third Battle of Winchester
The Third Battle of Winchester was fought September 19, 1864, and saw Union forces win a decisive victory over Lt. Gen. Jubal Early's Confederate army.

Civil War 150th: Sherman Attacks at Resaca
May 13-15, 1864 - Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman (right) fights the Battle of Resaca during his Atlanta Campaign. Pushing south from Chattanooga, Sherman

War of 1812: Disaster at the River Raisin
The Battle of Frenchtown was fought January 18-23, 1813, during the War of 1812 and saw American forces defeated and a large number of prisoners massacred.

American Civil War: Major General Gouverneur K. Warren
Major General Gouverneur K. Warren was a Union commander during the American Civil War who played a key role at the Battle of Gettysburg and later led V Corps.

US Navy: USS Idaho (BB-24)
USS Idaho (BB-24) was a US Navy battleship that entered service in 1908 and served for six years until being sold to Greece.

Franco-Prussian War: Paris Surrenders
January 28, 1871 - After enduring four and a half months of siege (left), Paris surrenders to Prussian forces. Following the French defeat at Sedan in

Napoleonic Wars: Siege of Badajoz Begins
March 16, 1812 - The forces of the Earl of Wellington besiege the city of Badajoz, Spain. Following the capture of Almeida and Ciudad Rodrigo, the Earl of

American Revolution: The War Begins at Lexington
April 19, 1775 - The American Revolution begins with fighting at Lexington (left) and Concord. Early on the morning of April 19, 1775, 700 British troops

Ireland: Battle of Clontarf
April 23, 1014 - Munster Irish and Leinster forces clash outside of the Dublin at the Battle of Clontarf. In 1013, the King of Leinster, Máel Mórda mac

Vietnam War: First B-52 Flies
November 22, 1972 - The first US B-52 Stratofortress (right) is shot down during the Vietnam War. First flying in 1952, the B-52 Stratofortress became the

Civil War 150th: Porter at Arkansas Post
January 11, 1863 - RAdm. David D. Porter (right) aids in the attack on Arkansas Post. The son of War of 1812 hero and commander of the Mexican Navy

Napoleonic Wars: Fireships in Basque Roads
April 11, 1809 - Captain Thomas Cochrane opens the Battle of the Basque Roads (right).  Having blockaded a French fleet of eleven ships of the line in

Royal Navy: Mutiny on the Bounty
April 28, 1789 - Lt. William Bligh is deposed during the Mutiny on the Bounty (right).  Sailing from Britain in December 1787, Bounty was tasked with taking

World War II: "Hap" Arnold Dies
January 15, 1950 - Gen. Henry

World War II: Johnson Dies
January 30, 2001 - Noted British ace Air Vice Marshal James

Vietnam War: Grumman A-6 Intruder
The Grumman A-6 Intruder was an all-weather attack fighter used by the US Navy and Marine Corps from the 1960s to the 1990s which saw extensive service during the Vietnam War and Gulf War.

World War I: USS New Hampshire (BB-25)
USS New Hampshire (BB-25) was a Connecticut-class battleship the entered commission in 1908 and later saw service in World War I.

American Revolution: Siege of Fort Mifflin
The Siege of Fort Mifflin was fought September 26 to November 16, 1777, and saw American forces in the Delaware River hold out against numerous British attacks until being forced to evacuate.

Civil War 150th: Taylor Wins at Mansfield
The Battle of Mansfield was fought April 8, 1864, during the Civil War and saw Confederate forces win a victory and halt the Union's Red River Campaign.

US Navy: USS Mississippi (BB-23)
USS Mississippi (BB-23) was an American battleship that entered service in 1908 and was later sold to Greece in 1914.

Great White Fleet: USS Louisiana (BB-19)
USS Louisiana (BB-19) was a Connecticut-class battleship that entered service in 1906 and sailed with the Great White Fleet before taking part in World War I.

American Civil War: Battle of Yellow Tavern
The Battle of Yellow Tavern was fought May 11, 1864 and saw Union cavalry win a victory while also mortally wounding Major General J.E.B. Stuart.

American Civil War: Battle of Trevilian Station
The Battle of Trevilian Station was fought June 11-12, 1864, and saw Confederate cavalry forces defeat their Union counterparts.

American Civil War: Gen. Philip H. Sheridan is Born
March 6, 1831 - Philip H. Sheridan (left) is born at Albany, NY. Graduating from West Point in 1853, Sheridan was assigned to the 1st US Infantry at Fort

First Punic War: Battle of the Aegates Islands
March 10, 241 BC - The Roman fleet defeats the Carthaginians at the Battle of the Aegates Islands. In 242 BC, Rome constructed a new fleet with the goal of

World War II: German Panther Tank
Conceived as a direct response to the Soviet T-34, the German Panzer V Panther (right) was designed by Maschinenfabrik Augsburg-Nürnberg AG. Featuring a

World War II: Messerschmitt Me 262 Captured
March 30, 1945 - A German pilot defects and delivers a Messerschmitt Me 262 (right) to the Allies. Though generally thought of as a late-war weapon, design

American Revolution: Cornwallis Bled at Guilford Court House
March 15, 1781 - Maj. Gen. Lord Charles Cornwallis wins a bloody victory at the Battle of Guilford Court House. After retreating into Virginia, Major

World War II: The Great Escape Begins
March 24, 1944 - Allied prisoners begin the Great Escape at Stalag Luft III. Built to be deter escapes with raised barracks, sandy soil, and high fences,

World War I: Foch Dies
Marshal Ferdinand Foch was a key French leader during World War I who rose to become supreme Allied commander.

Anglo-Zulu War: British Triumph at Kambula
The Battle of Kambula was fought March 29, 1879, during the Anglo-Zulu War and saw British forces win a clear victory.

Korean War: Matthew Ridgway Born
March 3, 1895 - General Matthew B. Ridgway (right) is born. A self-professed

American Civil War: Assault at Fort Stedman
The Battle of Fort Stedman was fought March 25, 1864, during the American Civil War and saw Confederate forces unsuccessfully attack the Union lines at Petersburg.

Great White Fleet: USS Vermont (BB-20)
Commissioned in 1907, USS Vermont (BB-20) saw service with the Great White Fleet and in World War I.

Great White Fleet: USS Kansas (BB-21)
USS Kansas (BB-21) was a Connecticut-class battleship that took part in the cruise of the Great White Fleet and served until 1921.

Great White Fleet: USS Minnesota (BB-22)
USS Minnesota (BB-22) was a Connecticut-class battleship that saw service with the Great White Fleet and later took part in World War I.

Mexican-American War: Siege of Fort Texas
The Siege of Fort Texas was fought May 3-9, 1846, during the Mexican-American War and saw the fort hold out against Mexican forces.

Russo-Japanese War: Japan Attack at Port Arthur
February 8/9, 1904 - The Japanese begin the Battle of Port Arthur (right). On the night of February 8/9, 1904, Admiral Togo Heihachiro opened the

Second Boer War: Boers Surrender at Paardeberg
February 27, 1900 - Boer commanders surrender to the British ending the Battle of Paardeberg. Following the British relief of Kimberley on February 15, 1900,

World War II: ABDA Forces Retreat from the Java Sea
February 28, 1942 - American-British-Dutch-Australian forces retreat from the Battle of the Java Sea. With Japanese forces approaching Java, Dutch Rear

Mexican-American War: John Wool Born
Major General John Wool was an American commander that saw service during the War of 1812, Mexican-American War, and the Civil War.

American Revolution: Treaty of Alliance Signed
February 6, 1778 - The Treaty of Alliance (right) between the United States and France is signed in Paris. Dispatched to Paris in late 1776, American

World War II: Corregidor Retaken
The Battle of Corregidor was fought February 16-26, 1945, during World War II and saw American forces retake the island.

Military Aviation: Billy Mitchell Dies
February 19, 1936 - Military aviation pioneer Brig. Gen. Billy Mitchell (right) dies in New York City.  The son a weathy senator from Wisconsin, Mitchell

Great White Fleet: USS New Jersey (BB-16)
USS New Jersey (BB-16) entered service in 1906 and took part in the cruise of the Great White Fleet and later served in World War I.

World War II: Mitsubishi G4M Betty
The Mitsubishi G4M Betty was a Japanese medium bomber that saw extensive service during World War II in the Pacific, Southeast Asia, and China.

World War II: USS Wasp (CV-18)
USS Wasp (CV-18) was an Essex-class aircraft carrier that entered service in 1943 and saw extensive service in World War II and remained in the fleet until 1972.

Great White Fleet: USS Rhode Island (BB-17)
USS Rhode Island (BB-17) was a Virginia-class battleship that took part in the cruise of the Great White Fleet and World War I before being sold for scrap in 1923.