Military History Sitemap - Page 5 2015-03-01

American Civil War: Gen. Philip H. Sheridan is Born
March 6, 1831 - Philip H. Sheridan (left) is born at Albany, NY. Graduating from West Point in 1853, Sheridan was assigned to the 1st US Infantry at Fort

First Punic War: Battle of the Aegates Islands
March 10, 241 BC - The Roman fleet defeats the Carthaginians at the Battle of the Aegates Islands. In 242 BC, Rome constructed a new fleet with the goal of

World War II: German Panther Tank
Conceived as a direct response to the Soviet T-34, the German Panzer V Panther (right) was designed by Maschinenfabrik Augsburg-Nürnberg AG. Featuring a

World War II: Messerschmitt Me 262 Captured
March 30, 1945 - A German pilot defects and delivers a Messerschmitt Me 262 (right) to the Allies. Though generally thought of as a late-war weapon, design

American Revolution: Cornwallis Bled at Guilford Court House
March 15, 1781 - Maj. Gen. Lord Charles Cornwallis wins a bloody victory at the Battle of Guilford Court House. After retreating into Virginia, Major

World War II: The Great Escape Begins
March 24, 1944 - Allied prisoners begin the Great Escape at Stalag Luft III. Built to be deter escapes with raised barracks, sandy soil, and high fences,

World War I: Foch Dies
Marshal Ferdinand Foch was a key French leader during World War I who rose to become supreme Allied commander.

Anglo-Zulu War: British Triumph at Kambula
The Battle of Kambula was fought March 29, 1879, during the Anglo-Zulu War and saw British forces win a clear victory.

Korean War: Matthew Ridgway Born
March 3, 1895 - General Matthew B. Ridgway (right) is born. A self-professed

American Civil War: Assault at Fort Stedman
The Battle of Fort Stedman was fought March 25, 1864, during the American Civil War and saw Confederate forces unsuccessfully attack the Union lines at Petersburg.

Great White Fleet: USS Vermont (BB-20)
Commissioned in 1907, USS Vermont (BB-20) saw service with the Great White Fleet and in World War I.

Great White Fleet: USS Kansas (BB-21)
USS Kansas (BB-21) was a Connecticut-class battleship that took part in the cruise of the Great White Fleet and served until 1921.

Great White Fleet: USS Minnesota (BB-22)
USS Minnesota (BB-22) was a Connecticut-class battleship that saw service with the Great White Fleet and later took part in World War I.

Mexican-American War: Siege of Fort Texas
The Siege of Fort Texas was fought May 3-9, 1846, during the Mexican-American War and saw the fort hold out against Mexican forces.

Russo-Japanese War: Japan Attack at Port Arthur
February 8/9, 1904 - The Japanese begin the Battle of Port Arthur (right). On the night of February 8/9, 1904, Admiral Togo Heihachiro opened the

Second Boer War: Boers Surrender at Paardeberg
February 27, 1900 - Boer commanders surrender to the British ending the Battle of Paardeberg. Following the British relief of Kimberley on February 15, 1900,

World War II: ABDA Forces Retreat from the Java Sea
February 28, 1942 - American-British-Dutch-Australian forces retreat from the Battle of the Java Sea. With Japanese forces approaching Java, Dutch Rear

Mexican-American War: John Wool Born
Major General John Wool was an American commander that saw service during the War of 1812, Mexican-American War, and the Civil War.

American Revolution: Treaty of Alliance Signed
February 6, 1778 - The Treaty of Alliance (right) between the United States and France is signed in Paris. Dispatched to Paris in late 1776, American

World War II: Corregidor Retaken
The Battle of Corregidor was fought February 16-26, 1945, during World War II and saw American forces retake the island.

Military Aviation: Billy Mitchell Dies
February 19, 1936 - Military aviation pioneer Brig. Gen. Billy Mitchell (right) dies in New York City.  The son a weathy senator from Wisconsin, Mitchell

Great White Fleet: USS New Jersey (BB-16)
USS New Jersey (BB-16) entered service in 1906 and took part in the cruise of the Great White Fleet and later served in World War I.

World War II: Mitsubishi G4M Betty
The Mitsubishi G4M Betty was a Japanese medium bomber that saw extensive service during World War II in the Pacific, Southeast Asia, and China.

World War II: USS Wasp (CV-18)
USS Wasp (CV-18) was an Essex-class aircraft carrier that entered service in 1943 and saw extensive service in World War II and remained in the fleet until 1972.

Great White Fleet: USS Rhode Island (BB-17)
USS Rhode Island (BB-17) was a Virginia-class battleship that took part in the cruise of the Great White Fleet and World War I before being sold for scrap in 1923.

American Revolution: Victory at Kettle Creek
The Battle of Kettle Creek was fought February 14, 1779, and saw American forces scatter Loyalist militia in northern Georgia.

Admiral Graf Spee - World War II - Kriegsmarine
Admiral Graf Spee was a Deutschland-class heavy cruiser or pocket battleship that entered service with the Kriegsmarine in 1936. With the outbreak of World War II, Admiral Graf Spee began commerce raiding in the Atlantic. Hunted by the Royal Navy, Admiral Graf Spee was damaged at the Battle of the River Plate in December 1939 and scuttled a short time later.

Battle of Coronel - World War I Battle of Coronel
The Battle of Coronel was an early naval battle during World War I. Clashing off Coronel, Chile, the German East Asiatic Squadron soundly defeated a British fleet sent to stop them from reaching the Atlantic. The Battle of Coronel was the first major British defeat at sea since 1814.

World War II Aircraft - Fighters and Bombers of World War II - Aviation During World War II
During World War II military aircraft evolved from piston-engine fighters to sleek jets. The confict also saw the widespread use of strategic bombing and the first use of the atom bomb.

Airspeed Horsa - World War II Glider
The Airspeed Horsa was a transport glider used by the Allies during World War II which saw service during a variety of airborne operations.

James S. Wadsworth - Civl War - Brigadier General
Brigadier General James S. Wadsworth was noted New Yorker who served as a division commander in the Army of the Potomac during the American Civil War and played a key role at the Battle of Gettysburg.

Major General John C. Robinson - American Civil War
Major General John C. Robinson was a Union commander during the American Civil War who saw extensive service in the East before losing a leg at the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House in May 1864.

Indian Ocean Raid - World War II - Easter Sunday Raid
The Indian Ocean Raid was conducted by the Imperial Japanese Navy between March 31 and April 10, 1942, during World War II. Entering the Indian Ocean, Japanese carrier led by Vice Admiral Chuichi Nagumo attacked Ceylon and British forces in the region. The Indian Ocean Raid saw the British lose several ships including a carrier.

World War II Naval Battles - Pacific
A listing of World War II naval battles that were fought in the Pacific Ocean.

Edward Vernon - Admiral Vernon - Royal Navy - Old Grog
Admiral Edward Vernon was a noted commander in the Royal Navy during the 18th century. Edward Vernon earned fame for his service in the Caribbean during the Wars of Jenkins' Ear and the Austrian Succession. One of Edward Vernon's lasting contributions was the invention of grog, a rum-water drink that has long been consumed by the Royal Navy's sailors.

Crimean War: Battle of Balaclava - Charge of the Light Brigade
The Battle of Balaclava was fought October 25, 1854, during the Crimean War. Seeking to capture the British base at Balaclava, Russian forces attacked into the area. This was halted by British and French forces and included the famed Charge of the Light Brigade.

Battle of the Eastern Solomons - World War II Battle of the Eastern Solomons
Allied and Japanese naval forces clashed at the Battle of the Eastern Solomons on August 24-25, 1942. The second major naval battle of the Guadalcanal Campaign, the engagement saw both fleets launch repeated air strikes against each other. Though both sides ultimately withdrew from the fight, American forces succeeded in sinking the light carrier Ryujo.

Operation Ten-Go - World War II Operation Ten-Go
Operation Ten-Go was a last ditch attempt by the Japanese to aid the garrison on Okinawa. Calling for the superbattleship Yamato and its escorts to break through the US fleet, Operation Ten-Go was a glorified suicide mission. On April 7, 1945, Yamato and its escorts were attacked and sunk by Allied air attacks.

Battle of Santa Cruz - World War II Battle of Santa Cruz
The Battle of Santa Cruz was fought October 25-27, 1942, during World War II. Part of the Guadalcanal Campaign, the Battle of Santa Cruz saw Japanese naval forces engage the US Navy in support of an offensive on the island. In the fighting, the US lost a carrier, but inflicted severe aircrew losses on the Japanese.

World War II: Consolidated PBY Catalina
The Consolidated PBY Catalina was one of the most widely used seaplanes of World War II and saw employment as a reconnaissance, patrol, search and rescue, and attack aircraft.

Brigadier General Nathaniel Lyon - American Civil War
Brigadier General Nathaniel Lyon as a Union commander during the early months of the Civil War who played a key role in operations in Missouri before being killed at the Battle of Wilson's Creek.

Benjamin Lincoln - American Revolution - Major General - Revolutionary War
Major General Benjamin Lincoln was a commander in the Continental Army during the American Revolution. Present at the Battle of Saratoga, Benjamin Lincoln later led the Southern Department and was captured during the Siege of Charleston. Exhanged, Benjamin Lincoln later received the British surrender at the Battle of Yorktown.

Battle of Cedar Creek - The Battle of Cedar Creek - Civil War 1864
The Battle of Cedar Creek was fought October 19, 1864, during the Valley Campaigns of 1864. Attacking at Cedar Creek, Confederate forces surprised the army of absent Maj. Gen. Philip Sheridan and had initial success. Returning to Cedar Creek, Sheridan organized a massive counterattack and effectively destroyed the Confederate army.

World War II: Grumman TBF Avenger
The Grumman TBF Avenger was the US Navy's principal torpedo bomber during World War II. Entering service in 1942, the Avenger first saw combat at the Battle of Midway. The TBF Avenger served throughout the war and saw service with several nations.

American Revolution: Yorktown & Victory
The Battle of Yorktown was the final major battle of the American Revolution. Fought in Virginia, the Battle of Yorktown saw Gen. George Washington capture the army of General Lord Charles Cornwallis. The victory at Yorktown persuaded the British to begin peace negotiations which resulted in the Treaty of Paris and recognition of American independence.

Battle of Yorktown - American Revolution - Treaty of Paris - Revolutionary War
The Battle of Yorktown was the final major battle of the American Revolution. Fought in Virginia, the Battle of Yorktown saw Gen. George Washington capture the army of General Lord Charles Cornwallis. The victory at Yorktown persuaded the British to begin peace negotiations which resulted in the Treaty of Paris and recognition of American independence. Page 2.

Penobscot Expedition - American Revolution
The Penobscot Expedition took place in July and August 1779 during the American Revolution and was a failed attempt by American forces to expel the British from Maine.

George Meade - General George Meade - American Civil War
Major General George G. Meade was key Union commander during the Civil War. George Meade is best known for leading the Army of the Potomac to victory at the Battle of Gettysburg. Meade led the army for the remainder of the war.

A.P. Hill - General A.P. Hill - Civil War - Army of Northern Virginia
Lieutenant General A.P. Hill was noted Confederate corps commander during the Civil War. Rising through the ranks of the Army of Northern Virginia, A.P. Hill saw action at most of the army's major battles. A.P. Hill was killed in April 1865 during the final battle for Petersburg.

Battle of Westport - American Civil War
The Battle of Westport was fought October 23, 1864, and saw Union forces under Major General Samuel R. Curtis defeat a Confederate army in Missouri led by Major General Sterling Price.

Military Weapons, Equipment, and Vehicles
Few things accelerate technological change like warfare, as the side with the most advanced weapons often triumphs in battle. In this section, examine the weapons and vehicles that had a major impact on the battlefield and ultimately changed history.

Vehicles, Tanks, and Armor
Vehicles have always played a key role on the battlefield, whether it is tanks delivering a telling blow or trucks transporting badly needed supplies. Here we examine those vehicles that have made an impact on the outcome of conflicts.

Renault FT-17 Tank - World War I Tank Renault FT-17
A revolutionary design, the Renault FT-17 was the first tank to possess a fully rotating turret. Designed by Rodolphe Ernst-Metzmaier, over 3,000 Renault FT-17s were produced and saw service on the Western Front during World War I. While the French were the predominant user of the Renault FT-17, several hundred were given to the US Army and others were built under license in the United States.

Major General Samuel R. Curtis - American Civil War
Major General Samuel R. Curtis was a Union commander in the Trans-Mississippi Theater during the American Civil War who won victories at the Battles of Pea Ridge and Westport.

Arsuf - Battle of Arsuf
The Battle of Arsuf was fought September 7, 1191, during the Third Crusade. Advancing south from Acre, Crusader forces under Richard the Lionhearted engaged Muslim forces led by Saladin. The Battle of Arsuf was a victory for the Crusaders which led to a change in strategies on the part of Saladin.

American Revolution: The Battle of Germantown
The Battle of Germantown was the second major battle of the 1777 Philadelphia Campaign. Fought on October 4, 1777, the Battle of Germantown saw General George Washington attempt a series of complicated attacks against British positions around Germantown, PA. During the assault, his men became lost in the fog and the attacks were defeated.

Battle of Jerusalem Plank Road - American Civil War - Siege of Petersburg
The Battle of Jerusalem Plan Road was fought June 21-23, 1864, during the American Civil War. Fought during the Siege of Petersburg, the Battle of Jerusalem Plank Road saw Union forces attempt to sever the Weldon Railroad. The fighting at the Battle of Jerusalem Plank Road saw the Confederates hold the railroad but Union forces extend their siege lines west.

Battle of Guilford Court House - American Revolution
The Battle of Guilford Court House was fought on March 15, 1781, and saw British forces win a bloody, pyrrhic victory over American forces. Attacking Maj. Gen. Nathanael Greene's position, Maj. Gen. Lord Charles Cornwallis was able to drive the Americans from field at the Battle of Guilford Court House but lost over a quarter of his men in the process.

Complete Guide to American Battleships
A complete guide to the US Navy's battleships, with ship histories, from the earliest battleships in 1895 through the retirement of the last in the 1990s.

Complete Guide to American Battleships
A complete guide to the US Navy's battleships, with ship histories, from the earliest battleships in 1895 through the retirement of the last in the 1990s.

Complete Guide to American Battleships
A complete guide to the US Navy's battleships, with ship histories, from the earliest battleships in 1895 through the retirement of the last in the 1990s.

Battle of Eutaw Springs - American Revolution
The Battle of Eutaw Springs was fought September 8, 1781, during the American Revolution. Encountering Colonel Alexander Stewart at Eutaw Springs, Major General Nathanael Green elected to give battle. In a back and forth contest, neither side gained a decisive advantage and the Battle of Eutaw Springs effectively ended in a draw.

Battle of Petersburg - Civil War Battle of Petersburg
The Battle of Petersburg began on June 9, 1864, as Union and Confederates clashed outside of the city. Settling into a siege, Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant continued to extend his lines stretching Gen. Robert E. Lee's smaller army. Exerting increasing pressure, the Battle of Petersburg ended on April 2, 1865, when Lee was forced to abandon the city. Page 3.

American Civil War: Battle of Petersburg
The Battle of Petersburg began on June 9, 1864, as Union and Confederates clashed outside of the city. Settling into a siege, Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant continued to extend his lines in front of Petersburg stretching Gen. Robert E. Lee's smaller army. Exerting increasing pressure, the Battle of Petersburg ended on April 2, 1865, when Lee was forced to abandon the city.

Battle of Mill Springs - Civil War Battle of Mill Springs
The Battle of Mill Springs was an early Union victory during the Civil War. Fought on January 19, 1862, along the Cumberland River in Kentucky, the Battle of Mill Springs saw Brig. Gen. George Thomas rout a Confederate force under Maj. Gen. George Crittenden. The victory at Mill Springs broke the Confederate line in eastern Kentucky.

Siege of Vicksburg - American Civil War
With his men starving, Lieutenant General John Pemberton ended the Siege of Vicksburg on July 4 by surrendering the city's garrison.

Harpers Ferry Raid - The Harpers Ferry Raid John Brown
John Brown, a radical abolitionist attacked the arsenal at Harpers Ferry, VA on October 16, 1859. Hoping to incite and arm a massive slave revolt, Brown and his men entered the arsenal but were soon trapped. After a brief standoff, US Marines stormed Brown's position and captured him and his men.

Great Sioux War - Battle of the Little Bighorn 1876
The Battle of the Little Bighorn was fought June 25-26, 1876 during the Great Sioux War. Also known as

Mexican-American War: Battle of Monterrey
The Battle of Monterrey was fought September 21-24, 1846, during the Mexican-American War. Advancing into Mexico, American forces under Maj. Gen. Zachary Taylor attacked the city of Monterrey. The resulting Battle of Monterrey saw the Americans take the city after heavy fighting.

Hundred Years' War
The Hundred Years' War saw France win despite suffering several early defeats.

World War II 1942 in the Pacific - Military History
During the first full year of World War II in the Pacific, the Japanese won a series of victories over the Allies, capturing Singapore and the Philippines.

World War II in th Pacific - World War II in Pacific Early Japanese Offensives - World II Pacific Early Allied Victories
During the first full year of World War II in the Pacific, the Japanese won a series of victories over the Allies, capturing the Singapore and the Philippines. In May and June, the Japanese advance was checked at the Battles of Coral Sea and Midway. The latter, due to the heavy naval losses inflicted on the Japanese is seen as the turning point of World War II in the Pacific. As a follow up to these victories, the Allies began the long march to Japan by invading Guadalcanal. Page 2.

World War II in th Pacific - World War II in Pacific Early Japanese Offensives - World II Pacific Early Allied Victories
During the first full year of World War II in the Pacific, the Japanese won a series of victories over the Allies, capturing the Singapore and the Philippines. In May and June, the Japanese advance was checked at the Battles of Coral Sea and Midway. The latter, due to the heavy naval losses inflicted on the Japanese is seen as the turning point of World War II in the Pacific. As a follow up to these victories, the Allies began the long march to Japan by invading Guadalcanal. Page 3.

World War II: Messerschmitt Bf 109 Aircraft Profile
A stalwart of the Luftwaffe during World War II, the Messerschmitt Bf 109 saw service for the duration of the conflict. Introduced in 1937, the Bf 109 first saw combat during the Spanish Civil War. Due to the longevity of its career, it was the most produced fighter aircraft in history.

Brewster F2A Buffalo - World War II Fighter
The F2A Brewster Buffalo was an American fighter that saw service in the early months of World War II. A poor performer, the F2A Brewster Buffalo was soon withdrawn after taking heavy losses though had some success with foreign air forces.

Battle of Breitenfeld - Thirty Years War Battle of Breitenfeld
The Battle of Breitenfeld was fought September 17, 1631, during the Thirty Years' War. Advancing through Germany, Swedish forces engaged Catholic troops at Breitenfeld. In the resulting Battle of Breitenfeld, the Swedes won decisive victory.

Battle of Valmy - Wars of the French Revolution Battle of Valmy
The Battle of Valmy was fought September 20, 1792, during the War of the First Coalition. Advancing into France, Prussian and Austrian forces were opposed by the new French revolutionary armies. In the resulting Battle of Valmy, the French held and forced the enemy to retreat.

Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress - World War II Bomber
The B-17 Flying Fortress was a key American heavy bomber during World War II. Developed by Boeing, the B-17 entered service in 1938, and was used in all theaters of the war. During the course of the war, B-17s dropped 640,000 tons of bombs on Germany.

B-17 - B-17 Flying Fortress Bomber
The B-17 Flying Fortress was a key American heavy bomber during World War II. Developed by Boeing, the B-17 entered service in 1938, and was used in all theaters of the war. During the course of the war, B-17s dropped 640,000 tons of bombs on Germany. Page 2.

Battle of Santiago de Cuba - Spanish-American War
Resulting from Spanish Admiral Pascual Cervera's attempt to escape from Santiago harbor, the Battle of Santiago de Cuba was a decisive American victory.

Vietnam War Escalation and Americanization
Following the Gulf of Tonkin Incident in 1964, American forces entered the Vietnam War. Over the next few years, the American presence in Southeast Asia grew and increasingly US forces took over fighting the Vietnam War. US troops continued to expand their role in the Vietnam War and won several battlefield victories.

World War II in the Pacific - New Guinea, Burma, China
In addition to operations in the Southwest and Central Pacific, fighting raged across New Guinea, Burma, and China as Allied and Japanese forces fought for control. Led by Douglas MacArthur, Allied troops drove many of the Japanese from New Guinea in 1943. To the west, Allied troops were pushed out of Burma necessitating a long campaign to retake it. In China, the Allies supported the operations of Chiang Kai Shek and his Nationalist government.

World War II Pacific in New Guinea Burma and China - World War II Fighting in New Guinea Burma and China - World War II Battles in New Guinea Burma
In addition to operations in the Southwest and Central Pacific, fighting raged across New Guinea, Burma, and China as Allied and Japanese forces fought for control. Led by Douglas MacArthur, Allied troops drove many of the Japanese from New Guinea in 1943. To the west, Allied troops were pushed out of Burma necessitating a long campaign to retake it. In China, the Allies supported the operations of Chiang Kai Shek and his Nationalist government. Page 2.

World War II: Fighting in North Africa and Italy
Following the fall of France, the fighting in World War II in Europe shifted to the sands of North Africa. Battling the famed

World War II: Fighting in North Africa, Sicily and Italy, 1942-1944
An account of some WWII battles following the fall of France, including the Second Battle of El Alamein in North Africa and Operation Husky in Sicily. Page 2.

World War II Europe: Fighting in North Africa, Sicily, and Italy
Following the fall of France, the fighting in World War II in Europe shifted to the sands of North Africa. Battling the famed

Mexican American War - Taylor's Campaign during the Mexican American War
An examination of US General Zachary Taylor's campaign in northeastern Mexico during the Mexican-American War.

American Civil War Turning Points: Battle of Gettysburg
The two victories at Gettysburg, PA and Vicksburg, MS, turned the Civil War in the Union's favor. Culminating within a day of each other, Gettysburg and Vicksburg respectively put Lee on the defensive in the East and opened the Mississippi in the West, paving the way for the South's ultimate defeat.

Civil War Turning Points - American Civil War
The two victories at Gettysburg, PA and Vicksburg, MS, turned the Civil War in the Union's favor. Culminating within a day of each other, Gettysburg and Vicksburg respectively put Lee on the defensive in the East and opened the Mississippi in the West, paving the way for the South's ultimate defeat. Page 2.

Mexican-American War: Aftermath & Legacy
The Mexican-American War had long lasting effects for the United States and planted the seeds for the Civil War. This is a look at the aftermath and legacy of the Mexican-American War.

Mexican American War - Mexican American War Scott's Campaign to Mexico City
A history of US General Winfield Scott's 1847 campaign to capture Mexico City.

War of 1812 - War of 1812 History
The War of 1812 came to an official conclusion with the Treaty of Ghent on Christmas Eve 1814. The terms of the treaty called for a return to status quo ante bellum and it was ratified by the Senate in early 1815. Due to the slowness of communication, some fighting, such as the Battle of New Orleans, took place after peace had been concluded.

War of 1812 - War of 1812 History
The War of 1812 came to an official conclusion with the Treaty of Ghent on Christmas Eve 1814. The terms of the treaty called for a return to status quo ante bellum and it was ratified by the Senate in early 1815. Due to the slowness of communication, some fighting, such as the Battle of New Orleans, took place after peace had been concluded. Page 2.

American Revolution - American Revolution New York Philadelphia and Saratoga Campaigns
In 1776, the American Revolution shifted to New York as the British launched as successful campaign to take the city. This was followed the next year by the capture of Philadelphia. With Gen. George Washington's forces in the Mid-Atlantic battered, the northern American army was able to defeat and capture a British army at Saratoga which secured an alliance with France.

American Revolution - American Revolution New York Philadelphia and Saratoga Campaigns
In 1776, the American Revolution shifted to New York as the British launched as successful campaign to take the city. This was followed the next year by the capture of Philadelphia. With Gen. George Washington's forces in the Mid-Atlantic battered, the northern American army was able to defeat and capture a British army at Saratoga which secured an alliance with France. Page 2.

American Revolution - American Revolution New York Philadelphia and Saratoga Campaigns
In 1776, the American Revolution shifted to New York as the British launched as successful campaign to take the city. This was followed the next year by the capture of Philadelphia. With Gen. George Washington's forces in the Mid-Atlantic battered, the northern American army was able to defeat and capture a British army at Saratoga which secured an alliance with France. Page 3.

World War I: America Joins the War (1917)
World War I changed in 1917 when the United States entered the conflict. French failures on the Western Front in 1917 along with mutinies among their troops led to the British being forced to carry the brunt of the fighting. In the east, revolution swept through Russia ultimately taking it out of World War I.

World War 1 - World War 1 1917
World War I changed in 1917 when the United States entered the conflict. French failures on the Western Front in 1917 along with mutinies among their troops led to the British being forced to carry the brunt of the fighting. In the east, revolution swept through Russia ultimately taking it out of World War I. Page 2.

World War 1 - World War 1 1917
World War I changed in 1917 when the United States entered the conflict. French failures on the Western Front in 1917 along with mutinies among their troops led to the British being forced to carry the brunt of the fighting. In the east, revolution swept through Russia ultimately taking it out of World War I. Page 3.

World War 1 - World War 1 1917
World War I changed in 1917 when the United States entered the conflict. French failures on the Western Front in 1917 along with mutinies among their troops led to the British being forced to carry the brunt of the fighting. In the east, revolution swept through Russia ultimately taking it out of World War I. Page 4.

Southern Campaigns - American Revolutionary War
Following the Battle of Monmouth, the American Revolution shifted south as British forces attempted to subjugate the southern colonies.

American Revolution - American Revolution Southern Campaigns
Following the Battle of Monmouth, the American Revolution shifted south as British forces attempted to subjugate the southern colonies. Though able to take the coastal cities, the British were forced to fight a costly and losing campaign inland. After a series of battles, British forces under Gen. Charles Cornwallis was forced to retreat north. Page 2.

War of 1812 - War of 1812 History
The War of 1812 began in June 1812 and American forces began mobilizing. While the fledgling US Navy quickly won three battles against British frigates, the fighting ashore did not go as well. The early days of the War of 1812 saw American troops lose Detroit and be defeated at Queenston Heights.

War of 1812 - War of 1812 History
The War of 1812 began in June 1812 and American forces began mobilizing. While the fledgling US Navy quickly won three battles against British frigates, the fighting ashore did not go as well. The early days of the War of 1812 saw American troops lose Detroit and be defeated at Queenston Heights. Page 2.

World War 1 - World War 1 1918 History
Freed from having to fight on the Eastern Front, Germany began 1918 with a series of massive offensives designed to end the war before the Americans arrived in large numbers. Though successful in gaining ground, they failed to breakthrough the Allied armies. Having contained the weary Germans, the Allies mounted a massive offensive of their own which shattered the enemy lines and led to victory in November 1918.

World War 1 - World War 1 1918 History
Freed from having to fight on the Eastern Front, Germany began 1918 with a series of massive offensives designed to end the war before the Americans arrived in large numbers. Though successful in gaining ground, they failed to breakthrough the Allied armies. Having contained the weary Germans, the Allies mounted a massive offensive of their own which shattered the enemy lines and led to victory in November 1918. Page 2.

World War 1 - World War 1 1918 History
Freed from having to fight on the Eastern Front, Germany began 1918 with a series of massive offensives designed to end the war before the Americans arrived in large numbers. Though successful in gaining ground, they failed to breakthrough the Allied armies. Having contained the weary Germans, the Allies mounted a massive offensive of their own which shattered the enemy lines and led to victory in November 1918. Page 3.

World War 1 - World War 1 1916 History
During World War I, 1916 saw the massive battles of Verdun and the Somme erupt on the Western Front. At sea, the largest naval battle of World War I occurred at Jutland. In the east, the Russians gained ground during the Brusilov Offensive.

World War 1 - World War 1 1916 History
During World War I, 1916 saw the massive battles of Verdun and the Somme erupt on the Western Front. At sea, the largest naval battle of World War I occurred at Jutland. In the east, the Russians gained ground during the Brusilov Offensive. Page 2.

World War 1 - 1915 World War 1 History
World War I was raging in 1915 as both sides sought to achieve a breakthrough that would lead to victory. With the Western Front locked in trench warfare, the Allies launched costly offensives to no avail. In the East, the Central Powers made great strides against Russia while in the south Italy joined the war on the Allied side.

World War 1 - 1915 World War 1 History
World War I was raging in 1915 as both sides sought to achieve a breakthrough that would lead to victory. With the Western Front locked in trench warfare, the Allies launched costly offensives to no avail. In the East, the Central Powers made great strides against Russia while in the south Italy joined the war on the Allied side. Page 2.

World War 1 - 1915 World War 1 History
World War I was raging in 1915 as both sides sought to achieve a breakthrough that would lead to victory. With the Western Front locked in trench warfare, the Allies launched costly offensives to no avail. In the East, the Central Powers made great strides against Russia while in the south Italy joined the war on the Allied side. Page 3.

World War I in Africa, The Middle East, the Mediterranean
When World War I became a stalemate on the Western Front, the Allies began seeking secondary fronts. Page 1 of 3 on the global military struggle.

World War 1 - World War 1 History Middle East
When World War I became a stalemate on the Western Front, the Allies began seeking secondary fronts for striking at the Central Powers. While offensives were attempted through Gallipoli and Salonika, other efforts were made to capture German colonies in Africa. While many of these had little effect on the outcome of World War I, the British campaign in the Middle East succeeded in toppling the Ottoman Empire. Page 2.

World War 1 - World War 1 History Middle East
When World War I became a stalemate on the Western Front, the Allies began seeking secondary fronts for striking at the Central Powers. While offensives were attempted through Gallipoli and Salonika, other efforts were made to capture German colonies in Africa. While many of these had little effect on the outcome of World War I, the British campaign in the Middle East succeeded in toppling the Ottoman Empire. Page 3.

Montana-class Battleships - US Navy - World War II
The Montana-class of battleship (BB-67 to BB-71) was designed beginning in 1939 to be the US Navy's largest and most powerful ships of this type. The Montana-class was suspended and cancelled in the early years of World War II as aircraft carrier construction took a higher priority.

Battle of Loos - World War 1 Battle of Loos
The Battle of Loos was British offensive during World War I conducted between September 25 and October 14, 1915. The fighting marked the first British use of poison gas during the war. When the Battle of Loos concluded the British had achieved only marginal gains.

USS Kentucky - BB-66 - Iowa-class Battleship
USS Kentucky (BB-66) was an Iowa-class battleship that was cancelled while still under construction. In the years after World War II several plans for USS Kentucky were put forward but the vessel was later scrapped.

Battle of North Point - War of 1812 Battle of North Point
Part of the larger Battle of Baltimore, the Battle of North Point was fought on September 12, 1814. Meeting British troops outside of Baltimore, American troops held off the enemy for two hours, killing their leader, before falling back to the city's defenses.

Battle of Empress Augusta Bay - World War II
The Battle of Empress Augusta Bay was fought November 1-2, 1943, during the Solomon Islands Campaign of World War II and saw Allied forces defeat the Japanese off Bougainville.

USS Illinois - BB-65 - Iowa-class Battleship
USS Illinois (BB-65) was the fifth ship of the US Navy's Iowa-class of battleships. Laid down in 1945, construction of USS Illinois was later cancelled.

World War II Fighters - American World War II Fighters Brewster Buffalo
Fighters ruled the skies during World War II. As a result, each nation strove to design the most effective and lethal aircraft to achieve air superiority. This gallery profiles several American fighters used by the US Army Air Forces and US Navy during World War II. Page 7.

Hawker Typhoon - World War II - Royal Air Force Fighter
The Hawker Typhoon was a Royal Air Force fighter that saw service during World War II. Developed as a replacement for the Hawker Hurricane, the Hawker Typhoon's development was plagued by problems. Entering service, the Hawker Typhoon proved an effective interceptor and fighter-bomber.

Union Leaders: A to F
Union Leaders, A to F. Military History.

USS Constitition - Frigate Constitution - War of 1812
USS Constitution was launched in 1797 and is the oldest commissioned warship in the US Navy. Earning fame during the War of 1812, USS Consititution defeated the British frigates Guerriere and Java. Known as

HMS Queen Mary - Battlecruiser - World War I - Royal Navy
HMS Queen Mary was a British battlecruiser that entered service in 1913. The last battlecruiser completed for the Royal Navy prior to World War I, HMS Queen Mary saw action during the early engagements of the conflict. Sailing with the 1st Battlecruiser Squadron, HMS Queen Mary was lost at the Battle of Jutland in May 1916.

Naval Battle of Casablanca - World War II - Operation Torch - Invasion of North Africa
The Naval Battle of Casablanca was fought November 8-12, 1942, during World War II. Part of Operation Torch, the invasion of North Africa, the Naval Battle of Casablanca saw American forces engage the French around Casablanca, Morocco. In the fighting at the Naval Battle of Casablanca, American ships and aircraft sank several French vessels and opened the way for the capture of the city.

1900s Military History Timeline
A military history timeline of the 20th and 21st centuries. This timeline chronicles the military history of the last hundred plus years. Included in this military history timeline are World War I, World War II, Korea, Vietnam, and dozens of other conflicts.

Military History Timeline - 20th Century - Military History
A military history timeline of the 20th and 21st centuries. This timeline chronicles the military history of the last hundred plus years. Included in this military history timeline are World War I, World War II, Korea, Vietnam, and dozens of other conflicts. Page 2.

Military History Timeline - 20th Century - Military History
A military history timeline of the 20th and 21st centuries. This timeline chronicles the military history of the last hundred plus years. Included in this military history timeline are World War I, World War II, Korea, Vietnam, and dozens of other conflicts. Page 3.

John Bell Hood Biography - Civil War General
John Bell Hood was a notable Confederate commander during the Civil War. Hood served in both the East and West, developing a reputation an aggressive leader. Wounded several times, Hood led the Army of Tennessee to its destruction in 1864.

Battle of Derna - First Barbary War
The Battle of Derna was fought between April 27 and May 13, 1805. Leading a contingent of US Marines and mercenaries, William Eaton and 1Lt. Presley O'Bannon succeeded in capturing the port of Derne from the forces of Yusuf Karamanli. The victory at Derne was a key moment in the conflict and gave birth to the line

World War I: Battle of Jutland- Clash of the Dreadnoughts
The Battle of Jutland was fought May 31-June 1, 1916, and was the largest naval battle of World War I. Fighting in the North Sea, the British and German fleets met off the coast of Jutland in a running action. Inconclusive in its results, the Battle of Jutland saw both sides claim victory, though the German fleet never again ventured into the North Sea to seek action.

Battle of Jutland - World War I Battle of Jutland
The Battle of Jutland was fought May 31-June 1, 1916, and was the largest naval battle of World War I. Fighting in the North Sea, the British and German fleets met off the coast of Jutland in a running action. Inconclusive in its results, the Battle of Jutland saw both sides claim victory, though the German fleet never again ventured into the North Sea to seek action. Page 2.

Raid on Scarborough, Hartlepool, and Whitby - World War I - Franz von Hipper - Royal Navy
The Raid on Scarborough, Hartlepool, and Whitby occurred on December 16, 1914, during World War I. Sailing, elements of the German High Seas Fleet bombarded Scarborough, Hartlepool, and Whitby causing civilian casualties. Aware of German intentions after the Raid on Scarborough, Hartlepool, and Whitby, the Royal Navy attempted to intercept the enemy but without success.

USS Constitution and HMS Guerriere - War of 1812 USS Constitution and HMS Guerriere
Meeting 400 miles SE of Halifax, Nova Scotia, USS Constitution engaged and captured HMS Guerriere on August 19, 1812. The battle was the first in a series of single-ship victories for the US Navy over the Royal Navy during the early days of the War of 1812.

Battle of North Anna - Civil War Battle of North Anna - Overland Campaign
The Battle of North Anna was fought May 23-26, 1864, during the American Civil War. Advancing from the fighting at Spotsylvania, Union forces encountered the enemy at the Battle of North Anna. Entrenched behind the North Anna River, Confederate forces held at the Battle of North Anna before Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant broke off the engagement and moved around the Confederate right flank.

Civil War Battles - West - 1861 - 1862
A list of Civil War battles fought in the West during 1861 and 1862.

World War II Naval Battles - Atlantic and Mediterranean
A listing of World War II naval battles that were fought in the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea.

Vietnam War - Overview - Conflict in Vietnam
An overview of the Vietnam War. Military History.

World War I - Middle East - Battles
A list of World War I battles fought in the Middle East and Ottoman Empire.

World War II - North Africa - War in the Desert
A list of World War II battles fought in North Africa.

World War II Battles - Pacific - Pacific Theater
A list of World War II battles fought in the Pacific.

French & Indian War Overview - Seven Years' War
An overview of the French & Indian/Seven Years' War. Fought from 1754 to 1763, the conflict is often considered the first

World War II - Eastern Front - Great Patriotic War
A list of World War II battles fought on the Eastern Front.

American Revolution - Revolutionary War - 1776 - Battles
A list of American Revolution battles from 1776.

Wars of Rome - Ancient Rome
One of the great military powers in history, Rome fought wars across the known world.

Wars of the Roses
One of the great dynastic struggles in English history, the Wars of the Rose ended with the ascent of the Tudor Dynasty.

Franco-Prussian War
Fought between 1870 and 1871, the Franco-Prussian War saw France badly defeated by its neighbor.

War of Austrian Succession
The War of the Austrian Succession consumed Europe from 1740 to 1748.

Civil War - Naval Battles
A list of naval battles fought during the American Civil War.

Napoleonic Wars - Naval Battles
A list of naval battles fought during the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars.

Wars of Alexander the Great - Ancient Macedonia
One of the greatest generals in history, Alexander the Great conducted campaigns across the known world.

Crimean War
The Crimean War was fought 1853 to 1856 and saw Britain, France, and the Ottoman Empire battle Russia.

Thirty Years' War
The Thirty Years' War devastated Europe from 1618 to 1648.

World War II Naval Battle of Guadalcanal
The Naval Battle of Guadalcanal took place November 12-15, 1942, in the waters around the Solomon Islands. Attempting to reinforce their troops on Guadalcanal, the Japanese dispatched forces to the area and engaged in two major night battles. Meeting the Japanese in battle, Allied ships won both fights off Guadalcanal and inflicted heavy losses.

The Battle of the Philippine Sea - World War II
The Battle of the Philippine Sea was fought June 19-20, 1944, and was a decisive victory for the Allies. It's also known as the Marianas Turkey Shoot.

World War I Royal Aircraft Factory SE5a Fighter
The Royal Aircraft Facotry SE5 was a fighter flown by British and Commonwealth forces during World War I. A contemporary of the famed Sopwith Camel, the SE5 possessed better overall performance and was easier to fly. The SE5 entered service in mid-1917 and remained at the front until the of the war.

Billy Bishop - World War I Ace
WIlliam

Raid on the Medway - Second Anglo-Dutch War
The Raid on the Medway occurred in 1667, during the Second Anglo-Dutch War. Penetrating the Thames estuary, Dutch ships attacked up the River Medway as far as Chatham, capturing or destroying several English ships. One of the worst naval defeats ever inflicted on the British, the raid led to a quick peace in favor of the Dutch.

Operation Jaywick - World War II History
Operation Jaywick was conducted on September 26, 1943 against Japanese shipping in Singapore harbor. The Operation Jaywick team consisted of personnel from Z Force, Special Operations Australia. Infiltrating Singapore harbor, they attacked seven Japanese ships and successfully escaped.

Battle of Kwajalein - World War II History
The Battle of Kwajalein was fought between January 31 and February 3, 1944. Part of the Gilbert and Marshall Islands Campaign, the Battle of Kwajalain saw American troops land on the atoll and overcome all Japanese resistance. The victory at Kwajalein was a key triumph during the Allies' island-hopping campaign.

World War II Operation Vengeance (Death of Yamamoto)
Operation Vengeance was conducted on April 18, 1943, and resulted in the death of Adm. Isoroku Yamamoto. Utilizing signals intelligence, the Allies planned Operation Vengeance after learning that Yamamoto would be flying through the Solomons. Flying from Guadalcanal, a flight of P-38s intercepted and downed Yamamoto's aircraft killing the admiral.

Battle of Marston Moor - English Civil War History
Meeting on Marston Moor in July 2, 1644, an Allied army of Parliamentarians and Scots Covenanters decisively defeated the Royalist Army of Prince Rupert. The victory at Marston Moor effectively ended the English Civil War in northern England as Royalist forces were forced to withdrawal south.

Siege of Detroit - War of 1812
The Siege of Detroit took place August 15-16, 1812, during the early days of the War of 1812. Advancing on Detroit, Major General Isaac Brock and Tecumseh laid siege. Convincing the American commander that they had a larger force, they won the Siege of Detroit.

Roman Victory at the Battle of Pydna
In 168 BC, Macedonian and Roman forces clashed at the Battle of Pydna. The fighting at Pydna showed the superiority of the legion over the phalanx and resulted in a crushing victory for Rome. Following the defeat at the Battle of Pynda, Macedonina power was broken and the country conquered.

William Hardee - Civil War - Lieutenant General
Lieutenant General William J. Hardee was a Confederate commander during the American Civil War who largely served in the Western Theater. A veteran of the Mexican-American War, William J. Hardee took part in the Battle of Shiloh and then the campaigns of the Army of Tennessee. Fighting until the end, William J. Hardee surrendered with General Joseph E. Johnston in April 1865.

Battle of Grunwald (Tannenberg) 1410
The Battle of Grunwald (Tannenberg) was fought July 15, 1410 during the Polish–Lithuanian–Teutonic War. On of the largest battles fought in medieval Europe, Grunwald saw the Teutonic knights defeated. The Battle of Grunwald shifted the balance of power in Eastern Europe and was later used for propaganda purposes.

World War II: Schweinfurt-Regensburg Raid Summary
The first Schweinfurt-Regensburg Raid took place on August 17, 1943 and struck German aircraft and ball bearing plants. Departing from England, American bombers stuck targets in Regensburg before flying on to North Africa. A second wave hit Schweinfurt a short time later. The double attack inflicted heavy damage on German industry.

HMS Ark Royal - World War II Aircraft Carrier
HMS Ark Royal was the second purpose-built aircraft carrier built for the Royal Navy. The third ship to carry the name, Ark Royal was launched in 1937, and saw extensive service in the Mediterranean during the early years of World War II. In 1941, its aircraft successfully attacked the German battleship Bismarck, disabling its steering. Ark Royal was sunk in late 1941, after being torpedoed by U-81.

Ancient Egypt: The Battle of Kadesh
The Battle of Kadesh was fought in 1274 BC during the conflicts between the Egyptians and Hittite Empire. Marching north, Ramses II was attacked by the Hittites near Kadesh. In the resulting Battle of Kadesh, the Egyptians suffered badly but succeeded in driving back the enemy.

Vietnam War: North American F-100 Super Sabre
The North American F-100 Super Sabre was fighter developed for the US Air Force. Entering service in 1954, the F-100 Super Sabre was later adapted as a fighter-bomber. The F-100 Super Sabre later saw service during the Vietnam War.

World War II - Avro Lancaster Bomber
The Avro Lancaster was a bomber flown by the Royal Air Force during World War II. The Avro Lancaster entered service in 1942 and was used for the remainder of the conflict. The Lancaster was heavy bomber that was primarily used at night.

World War II - Battle of the Seelow Heights
The Battle of the Seelow Heights was fought in April 1945 during World War II. Approaching Berlin, the Battle of Seelow Heights saw Soviet forces assault German defenses east of the city. Taking heavy losses, the Soviets broke through the Seelow Heights after three days of fighting.

Williamite War in Ireland - The Battle of the Boyne
Williamite and Jacobite forces clashed at the Battle of the Boyne on July 12, 1690. Led by William III, the Williamite forces decisively defeated James II, forcing him to flee back to France. The defeat at the Boyne ended James' attempted to reclaim his throne.

Punic Wars: Battle of Lake Trasimene
The Battle of Lake Trasimene was fought June 24, 217 BC during the Second Punic War. Advancing from his victory at the Trebia, Hannibal set an ambush on the shores of Lake Trasimene. Attacking the Roman army durign the Battle of Lake Trasimene, Hannibal won a crushing victory.

Military History of Lockheed F-104 Starfighter
The Lockheed F-104 Starfighter was developed in the 1950s as an interceptor for the US Air Force. Though the Lockheed F-104 Starfighter's USAF career was short, it was used extensively by by reserve forces and foreign air forces. Sold in large numbers to the Luftwaffe, the F-104 Starfighter's poor safety record caused scandals as did bribes associated with its sale.

History of USS Nautilus Nuclear Submarine
USS Nautilus was the world's first nuclear-powered submarine and was the first to make a submerged transit of the North Pole. Commissioned in 1954, USS Nautilus remained in the fleet until 1980. It is currently docked at Groton, CT as a museum ship.

F-117 Nighthawk Stealth Fighter Profile & History
The Lockheed F-117 Nighthawk was the world's first operational stealth fighter. Designed by the Lockheed Skunk Works, the F-117 entered service in 1983, but remained secret for several years. The F-117 saw extensive service during the Gulf War and Kosovo War before being retired in 2008.

Nieuport 11 Bebe - Fighters of World War I - Nieuport 11 Bebe
World War I was the first major conflict to feature a wide variety of military aircraft. Beginning with simple and fragile fighters such as the Fokker E.III, the air forces of both sides quickly developed increasingly sleek and sophisticated aircraft to contest the skies over Europe. This gallery provides an overview of the fighters employed by the British, French, and German air services during World War I. This photo shows a Nieuport 11 Bebe. Page 3.

World War I Fighters - World War I Fighters Photographs - World War I Aircraft
World War I was the first major conflict to feature a wide variety of military aircraft. Beginning with simple and fragile fighters such as the Fokker E.III, the air forces of both sides quickly developed increasingly sleek and sophisticated aircraft to contest the skies over Europe during World War I. This gallery provides an overview of the fighters employed by the British, French, and German air services during World War I.

War of 1812: Battle of Queenston Heights
The Battle of Queenston Heights was fought October 13, 1812, and was an early engagement of the War of 1812. Crossing at Queenston Heights, American forces sought to invade Canada. The resulting battle saw the disorganized Americans beaten by a smaller British force and those on Queenston Heights forced to surrender.

Battle of the Trebia - Second Punic War
Fought on December 18, 218 BC, the Battle of the Trebia was the first major battle of the Second Punic War. Marching into northern Italy, Hannibal inflicted a devastating defeat upon Roman forces. The defeat at the Battle of the Trebia caused Rome to adjust their war strategy to meet the new threat from the north.

Operation Linebacker - The Bombing of North Vietnam
Operation Linebacker took place May 9 to October 23, 1973, during the Vietnam War. Operation Linebacker was an air campaign intended to interdict North Vietnamese troops and supplies during the Easter Offensive. The bombing campaign during Operation Linebacker forced the North Vietnamese to return to the peace talks.

Mexican Revolution: US Punitive Expedition
The US Punitive Expedition to Mexico began in early 1916 in response to Pancho Villa's attacks across the border. Entering Mexico on March 15, the Punitive Expedition was led by BGen. John J. Pershing and was tasked with capturing Villa. It failed to do so and was withdrawn in early 1917 with the United States on the brink of entering World War I.

Vietnam War: The Easter Offensive
The Easter Offensive commenced on March 30, 1972, and saw North Vietnamese forces attack South Vietnam on three fronts. After achieving initial success, the offensive was turned back by South Vietnamese troops backed by the heavy application of American air power. Despite the North's defeat, the Easter Offensive captured approximately 10% of South Vietnam.

Glorious First of June - Wars of the French Revolution
The Glorious First of June was a naval battle fought on June 1, 1794, during the Wars of the French Revolution. Seeking to attack a grain convoy, Adm. Lord Howe engaged the French fleet in a battle dubbed the Glorious First of June. In the fighting, Howe captured or destroyed seven French ships.

AK-47 Assault Rifle - Description and History
The most-produced assault rifle ever made was developed for the Soviet Union. Designed by Mikhail Kalashnikov, it entered service in 1949.

The Siege of Lucknow During the Sepoy Mutiny (1857)
The Siege of Lucknow took place during the Sepoy Mutiny of 1857. Besieged in the Residency, British forces held the building against the rebels for two periods lasting 87 and 61 days. The Siege of Lucknow ended after the second relief of the city when British forces withdrew.

Satsuma Rebellion: Battle of Shiroyama, 1877
The final engagement of the Satsuma Rebellion (1877) between the samurai and the Imperial Japanese Army.

HMS Warspite - Battleship of World Wars I & II
Launched in 1913, the battleship HMS Warspite saw extensive service during both world wars. A Queen Elizabeth-class battleship, Warspite fought at Jutland in 1916. After an extensive modernization in 1935, Warspite fought in the Mediterranean and Indian Oceans during World War II and provided support during the Normandy landings.

World War II: Ordnance QF 25-Pounder Field Gun
The Ordnance QF 25-pounder was the standard artillery piece used by British Commonwealth forces during World War II. Designed to be an improvement over the World War I-era 18-pounder, the 25-pounder saw service in all theaters and was a favorite with gun crews. It remained in use through the 1960s and 1970s.

World War II - Battle of Savo Island
The Battle of Savo Island was fought August 8-9, 1942, during World War II. Part of the Guadalcanal Campaign, the Battle of Savo Island saw Japanese ships conduct a night action against Allied vessels off the island. In the resulting battle, the Allies were badly defeated losing four heavy cruisers.

World War I - Battle of Caporetto on the Italian Front
The Battle of Caporetto was fought October 24-November 19, 1917, during World War I. A turning point on the Italian Front, Caporetto saw German and Austro-Hungarian troops shatter the Italian lines along the Isonzo River. Driving Italians back, they advanced as far as the Piave River before being halted.

Hundred Years' War - Joan of Arc and Siege of Orléans
The Siege of Orleans began October 12, 1428 and ended May 8, 1429 when the French relieved the city. Invested by the English, Orleans was ultimately saved by the leadership of Joan of Arc. The Siege of Orleans marked a turning point in the Hundred Years' War.

M26 Pershing - World War II M26 Pershing Tank
The M26 Pershing tank was developed during World War II for the US Army. Entering service in 1945, small numbers of M26 Pershings saw combat in Europe. The M26 Pershing was retained after the conflict and later saw battle during the Korean War.

World War II: Northrop P-61 Black Widow
The Northrop P-61 Black Widow was a night fighter used during World War II. Developed for the US Army Air Forces, the Northrop P-61 Black Widow entered service in 1944. Used in most theaters, the Northrop P-61 Black Widow proved a highly effective aircraft.

Wars of the Roses: Battle of Bosworth Field
The Battle of Bosworth Field was the decisive battle of the Wars of the Roses. Invading England, Henry Tudor gathered forces and clashed with King Richard III near Market Bosworth. In the battle, Richard attacked Henry's bodyguard and was killed in the fighting clearing the way for Henry to take the throne.

USS Pueblo Incident During the Cold War
The Pueblo Incident took place on January 23, 1968, and saw North Korean forces board an American intelligence ship. Operating off the North Korean coast, USS Pueblo was boarded and captured by the North Koreans who claimed it was in their waters. The Pueblo Incident lasted until December 23, when the crew was repatriated to South Korea.

Fabian Strategy: Wearing Down the Enemy
Fabian strategy is one where pitched battles are avoided in favor of harassment and waging a war of attrition. Pioneered by Quintus Fabius Maximus, Fabian strategy has been employed several times through history, most notably during the American Revolution.

World War II Bomber Command Dambuster Raids
The Dambuster Raids were conducted May 17, 1943, against several dams in Germany. Utilizing special

Scottish Independence: Battle of Falkirk
Marching north in 1298, to avenge the English defeat at Stirling Bridge, King Edward I met a smaller Scottish army under Sir William Wallace at the Battle of Falkirk. Using his archers to weaken the Scottish lines, Edward's troops were then able to drive the Scots from the field and win the Battle of Falkirk.

French Intervention in Mexico: Battle of Puebla
On May 5, 1862, French and Mexican troops met at the Battle of Puebla. An early battle in the French intervention in Mexico, the fighting resulted in a surprising Mexican victory. The triumph at the Battle of Puebla is celebrated annually as Cinco de Mayo.

Vietnam War: F-8 Crusader Profile - Military History
The F-8 Crusader was developed in the 1950s as a fighter for the US Navy. Entering service in 1957, the F-8 Crusader was the last American fighter designed with guns as its primary weapon. The F-8 Crusader saw extensive service during the Vietnam was and was not fully retired until 1999.

World War II: Karabiner 98k Rifle (Profile)
The Karabiner 98k was one of the principal rifles used by the German Wehrmacht (Army) during World War II. Employed in all theaters involving German forces, the Karabiner 98k was the last in a long line of Mauser rifles designed for Germany. After the war, the Karabiner 98k was used in variety of other conflicts including fighting in the Middle East and Vietnam.

Causes of the War of Jenkins' Ear
The War of Jenkins' Ear was fought from 1739-1748, between Britain and Spain. Largely taking place in the New World, the war saw both sides attacking the other's colonies. The War of Jenkins' Ear was soon subsumed into the larger conflict of the War of Austrian Succession.

USS Indianapolis - World War II
Commissioned in 1932, USS Indianapolis was a Portland-class heavy cruiser. Seeing action in the Pacific during World War II, USS Indianapolis participated in many of the conflicts major campaigns and was tasked with carrying the atomic bomb to Tinian in 1945. After delivering the bomb, USS Indianapolis was torpedoed and sunk with many of the crew dying of exposure and shark attacks.

Attila the Hun at the Battle of Chalons
The Battle of Chalons occurred on June 20, 451, in present-day France. Pitting Attila the Hun against Roman forces led by Flavius Aetius, the Battle of Chalons ended in a tactical draw but was a strategic victory for Rome. The victory at Chalons was one of the last achieved by the Western Roman Empire.

A22 Churchill Tank - World War II Vehicles
The A22 Churchill tank was used by British forces during World War II. Designed as an infantry support tank, the Churchill possessed thick armor and was capable of overcoming many obstacles that would have blocked other tanks of the day. Rushed into production, it was heavily altered during the war and was used as the basis for many specialized vehicles.

First Battle of El Alamein- World War II (North Africa)
The First Battle of El Alamein was fought July 1 to 27, 1942, during World War II. Falling back from their defeat at the Battle of Gazala, British forces assumed a new defensive line inside Egypt at El Alamein. Assaulting the El Alamein position, Field Marshal Erwin Rommel was unable to break through.

Feudalism in the Middle Ages
Feudalism was a political system utlized in Europe during the Middle Ages.

Battle of Naseby - English Civil War
The Battle of Naseby was fought on June 14, 1645, and was a key engagement of the English Civil War. Clashing near Naseby in Northamptonshire, the Parliamentarian New Model Army crushed King Charles I's forces. The victory at Naseby was a turning point for Parliament's war effort.

Operation Lila Scuttling of the French Fleet
Operation Lila was an effort by German forces to capture the French fleet at Toulon in November 1942. In the wake of the 1940 armistice, the fleet had been idle under Vichy French control. With the Allied invasion of French North Africa, the Germans sought to take the ships, but were prevented from doing so when the French crews scuttled them.

Battle of Tsushima - Russo-Japanese War - Heihachiro Togo
The Battle of Tsushima was fought on May 27-28, 1905, during the Russo-Japanese War. Sailing from the Baltic Sea, the Russian fleet traveled over 18,000 miles before encountering the Japanese in the Straits of Tsushima. Engaging the Russians at the Battle of Tsushima, Admiral Togo destroyed over two-thirds of their fleet.

Vikings and Saxons at the Battle of Maldon
The Battle of Maldon was fought in 991 during the Viking invasions of Britain. Sailing up the River Blackwater, Viking forces attacked the Saxons near Maldon. In the fighting at the Battle of Maldon, Ealdorman Brihtnoth was killed leading to a Viking victory.

The Battles of the French and Indian War
The French & Indian/Seven Years' War was the first truly global conflict and saw battles fought around the world. Beginning in North American, the war spread to Europe and then to far-flung colonies. The French & Indian/Seven Years' War made places such as Quebec, Rossbach, Minden, and Plassey famous.

French and Indian War: Siege of Fort William Henry, 1757
In August,1757,Fort William Henry in New York was attacked by French and Native American forces led by Marquis de Montcalm.It fell; many were killed.

Battle of Sedan of the Franco-Prussian War
The Battle of Sedan was fought September 1, 1870, during the Franco-Prussian War. A turning point in the conflict, the Battle of Sedan saw Prussian forces encircle the French Army of Chalons. Among those captured at the Battle of Sedan was Emperor Napoleon III.

Battle of Fort Washington - American Revolution History
The Battle of Fort Washington was fought November 16, 1776, during the American Revolution. Having defeated the Americans at White Plains, the British returned to Manhattan and attacked Fort Washington. Winning the Battle of Fort Washington, the British forced the entire garrison to surrender.

World War II: American Capture of U-505 German Submarine
On June 4,1944, the German submarine U-505 was captured by American forces off the coast of Africa. It is now on display in Chicago.

World War II: Douglas SBD Dauntless
The Douglas SBD Dauntless was the US Navy's principal dive bomber during the first half of World War II. Introduced in 1940, the Dauntless play a pivotal role at the Battles of the Coral Sea and Midway. Beginning in 1943, the US Navy began replacing the SBD Dauntless with the SB2C Helldiver.

Ju 87 Stuka Dive Bomber - World War II Vehicles
The Junkers Ju 87 Stuka was a noted dive bomber used by the Luftwaffe during World War II. Entering service in 1936, the Ju 87 Stuka was a feared and effective weapon during the early years of the war. The Ju 87 Stuka fell out of favor later in the war as Allied fighters improved.

The Battle of Plataea - Persian War History
The Battle of Plataea was fought in August 479 BC during the Persian Wars. Advancing against the Persians a year after the victory at Salamis, Greek forces engaged the enemy in Boeotia. In the resulting Battle of Plataea, the Persians were defeated and driven from Greece.

World War II: Battle of Hong Kong
The Battle of Hong Kong was fought December 8-25, 1941, during World War II. Attacking Hong Kong, the Japanese were able to overwhelm the British garrison. The Battle of Hong Kong ended on December 25 with the colony's surrender and the date became known as

Texas Revolution: Battle of Gonzales
The Battle of Gonzales was the opening action of the Texas Revolution. Fought on October 2, 1835, the Battle of Gonzales occurred when Mexican troops tried to seize a cannon from the residents of Gonzales. In the fight that resulted, Mexican troops were forced to retreat.

Grumman F-14 Tomcat - US Navy Fleet Defender
The F-14 Tomcat entered service in 1972, as the US Navy's principal fleet defense fighter. Armed with a variety of missiles, the F-14 was intended to prevent long-range attacks against US carrier groups as well as perform air superiority roles. The F-14 later was adapted for air-to-ground attack prior to its retirement in 2006.

Battle of Omdurman - Mahdist War (Horatio Kitchener)
The Battle of Omdurman resulted when the British clashed with the Mahdists on September 2, 1898. Fighting near Khartoum, Sudan, the British under Lord Horatio Kitchener deployed modern weapons and decimated Abdullah al-Taashi's men at the Battle of Omdurman. The victory at the Battle of Omdurman reasserted British power in eastern Africa.

World War II - Battle of the Java Sea
The Battle of the Java Sea occurred on February 27, 1942, as Allied naval forces attempted to block the Japanese invasion of Java. Led by Dutch Admiral Karl Doorman, Allied ships engaged the invasion force's escorts in the Java Sea. Lasting over seven hours, the Battle of the Java Sea saw the Japanese repulse the Allied attacks.

War in Afghanistan: Battle of Tora Bora
Fought December 12-17,2001,in Afghanistan.Coalition troops attacked the Tora Bora cave system in the hope of capturing Osama bin Laden.

World War II Sten Gun
The Sten was as type of British submachine gun developed and used during World War II. Entering service in 1941, the Sten gun was simple to build and maintain and was widely used by British troops and exported to other allies and resistance forces. Over 4 million Sten guns were ultimately made.

Battle of Port Arthur - Russo-Japanese War
The Battle of Port Arthur was the opening engagement of the Russo-Japanese War. On the night of February 8/9. 1904, Japanese ships under Admiral Togo launched a surprise destroyer attack on Russian naval forces. The next day a major fleet engagement was fought off Port Arthur.

World War II: North American B-25 Mitchell
The B-25 Mitchell was an American medium bomber during World War II. Designed by North American, the B-25 Mitchell saw extensive use duing the conflict and is best remembered for the 1942 Doolittle Raid. B-25s were also used as ground attack aircraft.

World War II - Dieppe Raid - Operation Jubilee
Launched on August 19, 1942, the Dieppe Raid was an Allied effort to capture and occupy the port of Dieppe, France for a short period. Meant to gather intelligence and test strategies for the invasion of Europe, the Dieppe Raid was a complete failure and resulted in the loss of over 50% of the troops landed. The lessons learned during the Dieppe Raid influenced later Allied amphibious operations.

World War II: Battle of the River Plate
The Battle of the River Plate was fought on December 13, 1939, and saw British warships battle the German pocket battleship Admiral Graf Spee. Fighting off the estuary of the River Plate, Admiral Graf Spee inflicted heavy damage on the British but was forced to seek a harbor in neutral Uruguay. Trapped by British forces after the battle, the Germans scuttled Admiral Graf Spee in the River Plate.

American Revolution: Battle of White Plains
The Battle of White Plains was part of the New York Campaign during the American Revolution. Fought October 28, 1776, the Battle of White Plains saw Gen. George Washington's army forced to fall back, after making a stand against the British. Following the Battle of White Plains, Washington began a long retreat across New Jersey.

Overview of the Irish Battle of Clontarf
On Good Friday 1014, the forces of Munster and Leinster clashed at the Battle of Clontarf outside Dublin, Ireland. The battle was a result of the King of Leinster, Máel Mórda mac Murchada, rebelling against the High King of Ireland, Brian Boru. Brian's forces were victorious at Clontarf, however both leaders were killed sinking Ireland into regional warfare.

American Revolution: Battle of Camden 1780
The Battle of Camden was fought August 16, 1780, during the American Revolution. Sent south after the fall of Charleston, Major General Horatio Gates engaged British forces near Camden, SC. In the resulting Battle of Camden, Gates' army was routed.

French & Indian War: Battle of the Monongahela
The Battle of the Monongahela was fought on July 9, 1755, in western Pennsylvania. Advancing from Fort Cumberland, Major General Edward Braddock sought to capture the French base at Fort Duquesne. Meeting a French and Indian force near the Monongahela River, Braddock's men were driven from the field.

Operation Catapult at Mers El Kebir (World War II)
Operation Catapult was conducted on July 3, 1940, when British naval forces attacked the French fleet at Mers el Kebir. Approaching the harbor, Force H demanded that the French fleet come over to the Allied side to prevent its capture by the Germans. When the French refused, Force H opened fire inflicting heavy damage.

Vietnam War - Soviet MiG-21 Fishbed
The MiG-21 Fishbed was introduced in 1959, and became the world's most produced supersonic fighter. Flown by over fifty countries during its long career, the MiG-21 Fishbed saw extensive use during the Vietnam War and various conflicts in the Middle East. Some variants of the MiG-21 remain in service to this day.

USS Monitor in the Civil War
USS Monitor was the first ironclad built for the US Navy. Entering service in 1862, USS Monitor fought CSS Virginia in the first battle between ironclad warships on March 9, 1862. After serving in the Hampton Roads area, USS Monitor was lost at sea in late 1862, while under tow.

An Overview of Operation Allied Force in Kosovo
Operation Allied Force began in March 1999, following Yugoslavia's refusal end repression and violence in Kosovo. Flying from bases in Italy and the Adriatic Sea, NATO aircraft struck targets across Yugoslavia and Kosovo. On June 12, Operation Allied Force ended following Slobodan Milosevic's acceptence of an UN occupation of Kosovo.

Cold War: Convair B-36 Peacemaker
The Convair B-36 Peacemaker was a strategic bomber operated by the US Air Force during the early years of the Cold War. Development of the B-36 Peacemaker began during World War II and the aircraft entered service in 1949. The B-36 Peacemaker remained in service until 1959.

Mexican Revolution Battle of Veracruz
The Occupation of Veracruz began on April 21, 1914, when US Marines and naval forces came ashore in response to the Tampico Affair. Landing, American forces fought a brief battle in Veracruz before taking control of the city. The occupation of Veracruz ended on November 23, 1914, following mediation.

Battle of Corregidor, 1942 - World War II
Japanese forces overwhelmed the heavily fortified island in Manila Bay, the last point of resistance for Allied forces during the invasion of Luzon.

Civil War Copperhead - Definition
A Copperhead was a term for Northern opponents of the American Civil War.