Military History Sitemap - Page 5 2013-12-08
Battle of Dogger Bank - World War I - Royal Navy - High Seas Fleet
The Battle of Dogger Bank was fought January 24, 1915, during World War I. The Battle of Dogger Bank saw British battlecruisers intercept their German counterparts in the North Sea. In the Battle of Dogger Bank, the Germans lost an armored cruiser while a British battlecruiser was severely damaged.
Battle of Peleliu - World War II - Pacific Theater - US Marine Corps
The Battle of Peleliu was fought from September 15 to November 27, 1944, during World War II. The Battle of Peleliu saw American forces land and face heavy Japanese resistance. After several weeks of bloody fighting, they won the Battle of Peleliu.
Daniel Sickles - Major General - Civil War - Battle of Gettysburg
Major General Daniel Sickles was a Union commander during the Civil War. A political appointee, Daniel Sickles rose to command III Corps in the Army of the Potomac. During the Battle of Gettysburg, Daniel Sickles famously disobeyed orders and advanced his command in a manner which endangered the Union line. During the fighting, Daniel Sickles lost a leg.
John Jervis - Earl of St. Vincent - Admiral of the Fleet - Napoleonic Wars
Admiral of the Fleet John Jervis, 1st Earl of St. Vincent was a key British naval commander and administrator during the French Revolutionary/Napoleonic Wars. Seeing service during the Seven Years' and American Revolution, John Jervis later won the Battle of St. Vincent in 1797. John Jervis later served as First Lord of the Admiralty.
Benjamin Grierson - Civil War- Grierson's Raid - Vicksburg Campaign
Major General Benjamin Grierson was a Union cavalry commander during the American Civil War. Ascending to brigade commander, Benjamin Grierson led a daring raid through Mississippi during the Vicksbirg Campaign. Further rising through the ranks, Benjamin Grierson led cavalry formations until the end of the war and later served on the western frontier.
Philip Kearny - General Kearny - Civil War
Major General Philip Kearny was a Union commander during the Civil War. Born to a wealthy family, Philip Kearny aspired to military career and later saw action during the Mexican-American War. With the outbreak of the Civil War, Philip Kearny took part in the Peninsula Campaign and the Second Battle of Manassas before being killed at the Battle of Chantilly.
Admiral Rodney - George Rodney - Baron Rodney - Royal Navy
Admiral George Rodney was a noted British naval leader during Seven Years' War and American Revolution. A seasoned officer, George Rodney took part in numerous campaigns and battles. George Rodney is best known for his 1782 victory at the Battle of the Saintes.
Battle of Machias - American Revolution - Machias First Naval Battle of American Revolution
The Battle of Machias was fought June 11-12, 1775, during the American Revolution. The first naval battle of the American Revolution, the Battle of Machias saw colonial forces attack HMS Margaretta. After a brief engagement, the Americans took the ship.
Battle of Bataan - World War II - Invasion of the Philippines - Bataan Death March
The Battle of Bataan was fought January 7 to April 9, 1942, during World War II. Landing on Luzon, Japanese troops drove Allied forces into defensive positions on the Bataan Peninsula. Mounting a protracted defense at the Battle of Bataan, Allied troops held for three months before being compelled to surrender.
Battle of Corregidor- 1945 - World War II - Liberation of the Philippines
The Battle of Corregidor was fought February 16-26, 1945, during World War II. Returning to the Philippines, American troops commenced the Battle of Corregidor to liberate the island which had fallen to the Japanese in May 1942. In the Battle of Corregidor, American troops landed and parachuted onto the island and overwhelmed Japanese forces.
Battle of Makin - World War II - Pacfiic Theater - Makin Atoll
The Battle of Makin was fought November 20-23, 1943, during World War II. Landing, elements of V Amphibious Corps opened the Battle of Makin and engaged the Japanese defenders. In three days of fighting, American forces won the Battle of Makin and captured the atoll.
Raid on Scarborough, Hartlepool, and Whitby - World War I - Franz von Hipper - Royal Navy
The Raid on Scarborough, Hartlepool, and Whitby occurred on December 16, 1914, during World War I. Sailing, elements of the German High Seas Fleet bombarded Scarborough, Hartlepool, and Whitby causing civilian casualties. Aware of German intentions after the Raid on Scarborough, Hartlepool, and Whitby, the Royal Navy attempted to intercept the enemy but without success.
Battle of Megiddo - World War I - Palestine
The Battle of Megiddo was fought September 19 to October 1, 1918, during World War I. Having captured Jerusalem, General Edmund Allenby opened the Battle of Megiddo with the goal of shattering the Ottoman position in Palestine. Attacking, his forces won a complete victory as the Battle of Megiddo saw the Turks routed.
Battle of Monte Cassino - World War II - Italy - Winter Line
The Battle of Monte Cassino was fought January 17 to May 18, 1944, during World War II. Part of the Italian Campaign, the Battle of Monte Cassino saw German forces initially halt the Allied advance up the peninsula. After four engagements, which included the controversial destruction of Monte Cassino Abbey, the Allies succeeded in breaking through and opened the way for the capture of Rome.
Battle of Oriskany - American Revolution - Revolutionary War - Fort Stanwix
The Battle of Oriskany was fought August 6, 1777, during the American Revolution. Part of the Saratoga Campaign, the Battle of Oriskany saw American forces ambushed while moving to relieve Fort Stanwix. In the Battle of Oriskany, American forces were beaten, however Native American morale was damaged when colonials forces from Fort Stanwix sacked their camp.
USS Hartford - David Farragut - Civil War - US Navy
USS Hartford was a screw sloop of war that saw extensive service during the Civil War. Flagship of Adm. David Farragut, USS Hartford took part in the capture of New Orleans, operations on the Mississippi River, and the Battle of Mobile Bay. Retained after the war, USS Hartford remained in the US Navy until 1956.
Siege of Fort Stanwix - American Revolution - Revolutionary War - Peter Gansevoort
The Siege of Fort Stanwix was conducted August 2 to 22, 1777, during the American Revolution. Part of the Saratoga Campaign, the Siege of Fort Stanwix was mounted by Brigadier General Barry St. Leger. The Siege of Fort Stanwix ultimately failed when American reinforcements led by Major General Benedict Arnold arrived.
Battle of Caen - World War II - Operation Goodwood at Caen
The Battle of Caen was fought June 6 to July 20, 1944, during World War II. Beginning on D-Day, the Battle of Caen saw British forces battle the Germans for control of the city of Caen. After extensive, bitter fighting, Caen fell as the Allies broke out of Normandy.
Battle of Forts Clinton and Montgomery - American Revolution - Henry Clinton
The Battle of Forts Clinton and Montgomery was fought October 6, 1777, during the American Revolution. In an effort to aid Major General John Burgoyne at Saratoga, Major General Sir Henry Clinton moved up the Hudson River and attacked Forts Clinton and Montgomery. In the resulting Battle of Forts Clinton and Montgomery, he won a victory and captured both posts.
Battle of Red Bank - American Revolution - Philadelphia Campaign - Carl von Donop
The Battle of Red Bank was fought October 22, 1777, during the American Revolution. Having captured Philadelphia, Gen. Sir William Howe dispatched Hessian forces to capture Fort Mercer on the Delaware River. Attacking at the Battle of Red Bank, the Hessians were repulsed with heavy losses.
Paoli Massacre - American Revolution - Battle of Paoli
The Paoli Massacre took place September 20-21, 1777, during the American Revolution. Fought shortly after the Battle of Brandywine, the Paoli Massacre saw Brigadier General Anthony Wayne's men surprise attacked by British troops led by Major General Charles Grey. In the wake of the Paoli Massacre, Wayne's command fled the field and moved west.
Battle of the Assunpink Creek - American Revolution - Revolutionary War
The Battle of the Assunpink Creek was fought January 2, 1777, during the American Revolution. Following the Battle of Trenton, General George Washington moved his army into a defensive position behind Assunpink Creek. Attacked by Lieutenant General Charles Cornwallis, Washington turned back the British at the Battle of the Assunpink Creek before departing during the night to attack Princeton.
Invasion of Italy - World War II - Operation Avalanche - Operation Baytown
The Invasion of Italy was conducted from September 3 to September 16, 1943, during World War II. First landing in Calabria, Allied troops later expanded the invasion by coming ashore at Salerno. The invasion of Italy saw heavy fighting and British and American linked up on September 16.
USS Pueblo - USS Pueblo Incident - North Korea
The Pueblo Incident took place on January 23, 1968, and saw North Korean forces board an American intelligence ship. Operating off the North Korean coast, USS Pueblo was boarded and captured by the North Koreans who claimed it was in their waters. The Pueblo Incident lasted until December 23, when the crew was repatriated to South Korea.
Bertram Ramsay - Admiral Ramsay - World War II
Admiral Sir Bertram Ramsay was a British naval commander during World War II. Bertram Ramsay came to prominence for overseeing the Dunkirk Evacuation in 1940. In the years after, Bertram Ramsay played a key role in planning and executing amphibious operations in North Africa, Sicily, and Normandy.
Fourteen Points - Woodrow Wilson - World War I
The Fourteen Points were developed during World War I by President Woodrow Wilson. Wilson hoped the terms of his Fourteen Points, which stressed progressive ideas like self-determination and free trade, could serve as the basis for a peace agreement. The Fourteen Points were discussed and partially incorporated into the Treaty of Versailles.
MiG-23 - MiG-23 Flogger - Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23
The MiG-23 Flogger was a fighter developed by the Soviet Union during the Cold War. Built by Mikoyan-Gurevich, the MiG-23 featured a variable-geometry wing and was staple of the Soviet Air Force. Exported widely, the MiG-23 has seen combat in numerous conflicts around the world.
CSS Alabama - Civil War - Confederate Raider
CSS Alabama was a Confederate warship that entered service in August 1862. A renowned commerce raider, CSS Alabama conducted cruises around the world during its career. CSS Alabama was sunk by USS Kearsarge in June 1864.
Operation Pedestal - Relief of Malta - World War II
Operation Pedestal was conducted August 9-15, 1942, during World War II. The goal of Operation Pedestal was to escort a convoy of badly needed supplies and fuel to the garrison of Malta. Passing through the Straits of Gibraltar, the Allied ships of Operation Pedestal succeeded in reaching Malta, but took heavy losses en route.
Admiral Frank Jack Fletcher - World War II - US Navy
Admiral Frank Jack Fletcher was key US Navy leader during the early years of World War II. A Medal of Honor winner and veteran of World War I, Frank Jack Fletcher led Allied forces at key engagements such as Coral Sea, Midway, and Guadalcanal. In November 1942, Frank Jack Fletcher took command of Allied forces in the northern Pacific, a post he held for the remainder of the war.
Marc Mitscher - World War II - Admiral - US Navy
Admiral Marc Mitscher was an American naval commander during World War II. A noted naval aviator, Marc Mitscher commanded several carriers and carrier groups during the conflict and took part in major battles such as Midway and the Philippine Sea. Leading the Fast Carrier Task Force late in the war, Marc Mitscher's aviators inflicted massive damage upon the Japanese.
Naval Battle of Casablanca - World War II - Operation Torch - Invasion of North Africa
The Naval Battle of Casablanca was fought November 8-12, 1942, during World War II. Part of Operation Torch, the invasion of North Africa, the Naval Battle of Casablanca saw American forces engage the French around Casablanca, Morocco. In the fighting at the Naval Battle of Casablanca, American ships and aircraft sank several French vessels and opened the way for the capture of the city.
B-47 Stratojet - Boeing - US Air Force - Bombers - Cold War
The B-47 Stratojet was an American bomber that entered service in 1951. Built by Boeing, the B-47 Stratojet saw extensive use with the Strategic Air Command and contained numerous innovations. Though intended as a nuclear bomber, variants of the B-47 Stratojet also fulfilled reconnaissance roles.
Battle of Cerro Gordo - Mexican-American War - Winfield Scott at Cerro Gordo
The Battle of Cerro Gordo was fought April 18, 1847, during the Mexican-American War. Advancing from Veracruz, Maj. Gen. Winfield Scott's army found the Mexicans blocking its advance at Cerro Gordo. In the Battle of Cerro Gordo, the Americans were able to flank the Mexican position and rout the enemy.
Battle of Tassafaronga - World War II - Guadalcanal Campaign
The Battle of Tassafaronga saw American and Japanese naval forces clash on November 30, 1942, during World War II. Part of the Guadalcanal Campaign, the Battle of Tassafaronga had Japanese destroyers attack an American squadron in Ironbottom Sound. A stunning defeat, the Battle of Tassafaronga saw the US Navy lose one cruiser and suffer three severely damaged.
Force Z - Attack on Force Z - HMS Prince of Wales and HMS Repulse
Centered on HMS Prince of Wales and HMS Repulse, Force Z was a naval squadron dispatched to Singapore in late 1941. Commanded by Admiral Sir Thomas Phillips, Force Z sortied in early December to attack the Japanese. On December 10, both of Force Z's capital ships were sunk by Japanese aircraft.
Battle of the North Cape - World War II - Scharnhorst
The Battle of the North Cape was fought December 26, 1943, during World War II. Seeking to attack Allied convoys, the German battlecruiser Scharnhorst was brought to action at the Battle of the North Cape. Overwhelmed by a larger British force near Norway's North Cape, Scharnhorst was sunk.
Benjamin O. Davis - Tuskegee Airmen - World War II
General Benjamin O. Davis, Jr. earned fame as the leader of the Tuskegee Airmen during World War II. The first African-American fighter unit, Benjamin O. Davis' flyers earned a sterling reputation for their performance in combat. Remaining in service, Benjamin O. Davis aided in de-segregating the US Air Force and served until 1970.
Battle of Rennell Island - World War II - Guadalcanal Campaign
The Battle of Rennell Island was fought January 29-30, 1943, during World War II. The final naval engagement of the Guadalcanal Campaign, the Battle of Rennell Island saw Japanese aircraft attack American naval forces. In the resulting fight near Rennell Island, the US Navy lost a heavy cruiser and had one destroyer badly damaged.
Battle of Molino del Rey - Mexican-American War - Winfield Scott Battle of Molina del Rey
The Battle of Molino del Rey was fought September 8, 1847, during the Mexican-American War. Moving forward, American troops attacked Mexican forces in the Molino del Rey. In heavy fighting, they drove away the defenders and won the Battle of Molino del Rey.
Battle of Contreras - Mexican-American War - Battle of Padierna - Winfield Scott
The Battle of Contreras was fought on August 19-20, 1847, during the Mexican-American War. Advancing on Mexico City, American troops opened the Battle of Contreras by attacking Mexican forces led by Gen. Gabriel Valencia. Defeating the Mexicans at Contreras, American forces won again at Churubusco on the 20th.
Battle of Churubusco - Mexican-American War - Winfield Scott
The Battle of Churubusco was fought August 20, 1847 during the Mexican-American War. Having defeated the Mexicans that morning at Contreras, American forces renewed their attack that afternoon at Churubusco. In the Battle of Churubusco, US troops won a victory after several hours of heavy fighting.
Erich Hartmann - World War II Ace - Luftwaffe
Major Erich Hartmann was noted German flying ace during World War II. Flying largely on the Eastern Front, Erich Hartmann shot down 352 enemy aircraft and is the highest scoring ace in aviation history. After the war, Erich Hartmann was held as a war criminal by the Soviets before being freed and joining the West German Luftwaffe.
Battle of Nassau - American Revolution - New Providence Expedition - Revolutionary War
The Battle of Nassau was fought March 3-4, 1776, during the American Revolution. Sailing south, an American squadron attacked Nassau (New Providence Island) with the goal of munitions and artillery. In the resulting Battle of Nassau, American forces captured the island and held it for two weeks before withdrawing.
Indian Ocean Raid - World War II - Easter Sunday Raid
The Indian Ocean Raid was conducted by the Imperial Japanese Navy between March 31 and April 10, 1942, during World War II. Entering the Indian Ocean, Japanese carrier led by Vice Admiral Chuichi Nagumo attacked Ceylon and British forces in the region. The Indian Ocean Raid saw the British lose several ships including a carrier.
Battle of Rhode Island - American Revolution - Siege of Newport - Revolutionary War
The Battle of Rhode Island was fought August 29, 1778, during the American Revolution. Moving against British forces at Newport, the Battle of Rhode Island was an early attempt at Franco-American cooperation. In the fighting at the Battle of Rhode Island, the British won a strategic victory.
Trent Affair - Civil War - Trent Affair Crisis
The Trent Affair was a diplomatic crisis during the early days of the Civil War. The Trent Affair began when two Confederate diplomats were removed from a British ship by the US Navy. Several weeks of tension ensued until the Trent Affair was resolved by the Lincoln Administration releasing the two agents.
Battle of Ypres - World War I - First Battle of Ypres - Flanders
The First Battle of Ypres was fought October 19 to November 22, 1914, during World War I. The First Battle of Ypres took place as the Allies sought to protect the Channel ports and Germany sought to turn the enemy's flank. After heavy fighting during the First Battle of Ypres, the Allies succeeded in holding the town.
Battle of Passchendaele - Third Battle of Ypres - World War I
The Battle of Passchendaele, also known as the Third Battle of Ypres, was fought July to November 1917 during World War I. The Battle of Passchendaele saw Allied troops attack from the Ypres Salient with the goal of taking Passchendaele Ridge and wearing down the Germans. Though some ground was gained, the Battle of Passchendaele proved very costly for Allied forces.
Fort Washington - Battle of Fort Washington - American Revolution
The Battle of Fort Washington was fought November 16, 1776, during the American Revolution. Having defeated the Americans at White Plains, the British returned to Manhattan and attacked Fort Washington. Winning the Battle of Fort Washington, the British forced the entire garrison to surrender.
Battle of Savannah - Siege of Savannah - American Revolution
The Battle of Savannah was fought September 16 to October 18, 1779, during the Ameican Revolution. Captured by the British in 1778, Franco-American forces laid siege to Savannah a year later. Attacking at the Battle of Savannah in October, they were repulsed.
Battle of Eutaw Springs - American Revolution - Nathanael Greene at Eutaw Springs
The Battle of Eutaw Springs was fought September 8, 1781, during the American Revolution. Encountering Colonel Alexander Stewart at Eutaw Springs, Major General Nathanael Green elected to give battle. In a back and forth contest, neither side gained a decisive advantage and the Battle of Eutaw Springs effectively ended in a draw.
Walter Model - Field Marshal - World War II - Nazi Germany
Field Marshal Walter Model was a noted German commander during World War II. A veteran of World War I, Walter Model saw action in Poland and France before becoming one of Germany's leading commanders on the Eastern Front. Brought west in 1944, Walter Model led troops during the Battle of the Bulge and ultimately committed suicide rather than surrender when surrounded in the Ruhr the following year.
Battle of Moore's Creek Bridge - American Revolution - Revolutionary War
The Battle of Moore's Creek Bridge was fought February 27, 1776, during the American Revolution. Fought early in the conflict, the Battle of Moore's Creek Bridge saw Loyalist forces in North Carolina clash with Patriot troops. Holding the bridge at Moore's Creek, the Patriots won a clear victory and scattered the Loyalist force.
Battle of Hobkirk's Hill - American Revolution - Nathanael Greene - Revolutionary War
The Battle of Hobkirk's Hill was fought April 25, 1781, during the American Revolution. Returning to South Carolina, Major General Nathanael Greene encamped near Hobkirk's Hill and began planning to eliminate British outposts in the area. Attacked by Lord Rawdon at the Battle of Hobkirk's Hill, Greene was force to retreat north.
Harold Alexander - Field Marshal - World War II - British Army
Field Marshal Harold Alexander was a top British commander during World War II. A veteran of World War I, Harold Alexander led troops in France, Burma, North Africa, and Italy during World War II. For his efforts, Harold Alexander was elevated to the peerage as Earl Alexander of Tunis.
Battle of Big Bethel - Civil War - Benjamin Butler
The Battle of Big Bethel was fought June 10, 1861, during the American Civil War. One of the first engagements of the American Civil War, the Battle of Big Bethel saw Union forces attack Confederates on the Peninsula. At the Battle of Big Bethel, Union forces failed in their assaults and fell back.
Battle of Kettle Creek - American Revolution - Revolutionary War - Andrew Pickens
The Battle of Kettle Creek was fought February 14, 1779, during the American Revolution. Moving toward Augusta, GA, a British Loyalist force was attacked by Patriot militia at the Battle of Kettle Creek. In the fighting at the Battle of Kettle Creek, American forces defeated and scattered the British force.
Werner Voss - World War I - German Ace
Werner Voss was noted German ace during World War I. A friend of the Red Baron, Werner Voss was credited with 48 kills. Flying in September 1917, Werner Voss was killed in a fight with 56 Squadron.
Dwight Eisenhower - World War II - General Eisenhower
General Dwight D. Eisenhower led Allied forces in Europe during World War II. During the conflict, Dwight Eisenhower oversaw operations ranging from the landings in North Africa to D-Day and the Battle of the Bulge. Dwight Eisenhower later served as US Army Chief of Staff and was elected President of the United States in 1952.
Battle of Moscow - World War II - Operation Barbarossa
The Battle of Moscow began on October 2, 1941 and ended on January 7, 1942. In the Battle of Moscow, German forces launched Operation Typhoon to take the city but were turned back. The Battle of Moscow concluded with a Soviet counterattack which pushed the Germans back from the city.
Chesty Puller - US Marine Corps - Lewis B. Puller
Chesty Puller was noted US Marine who saw service during World War II and the Korean War. During his career, Chesty Puller became one of the most decorated Marines in history. Seeing action at notable engagements such as Guadalcanal and Chosin Reservoir, Chesty Puller later retired as a lieutenant colonel.
William Barker - William George Barker - World War I Ace
Lieutenant Colonel William George Barker was a noted flying ace during World War I. Seeing service on the Western and Italian Fronts, William George Barker earned the Victoria Cross in 1918. At the end of the war, William George Barker was Canada's most-decorated serviceman.
Von Rundstedt - Field Marshal Gerd von Rundstedt - World War II
Field Marshal Gerd von Rundstedt was a German commander who saw service on several fronts during World War II. After leading forces during the invasion of Poland and campaign in the West, Gerd von Rundstedt won key victories during Operation Barbarossa. Later in the war, Gerd von Rundstedt oversaw German forces in the West.
Battle of Seelow Heights - World War II - Battle of Oder-Neisse
The Battle of the Seelow Heights was fought in April 1945 during World War II. Approaching Berlin, the Battle of Seelow Heights saw Soviet forces assault German defenses east of the city. Taking heavy losses, the Soviets broke through the Seelow Heights after three days of fighting.
Ernst Udet - World War I - German Ace
Lieutenant Ernst Udet was a noted German ace during World War I. Ernst Udet downed 62 enemy aircraft and was the second-highest German ace of the conflict. In the 1930s, Ernst Udet aided in building the Luftwaffe and oversaw aircraft development during the early days of World War II.
Rene Fonck - World War I Ace - Flying Ace Rene Fonck
Colonel Rene Fonck was the top-scoring Allied fighter ace of World War I. Scoring his first victory in August 1916, Rene Fonck went on to down 75 German aircraft during the course of the conflict. After World War I, Rene Fonck later returned to the military and served until 1939.
Akagi - World War II - Aircraft Carrier - Battle of Midway
Commissioned in 1927, Akagi was a Japanese aircraft carrier that saw service during the Second Sino-Japanese War and World War II. Akagi took part in the attack on Pearl Harbor and the Japanese advances through the Dutch East Indies. Akagi was sunk during the Battle of Midway in 1942.
USS Bunker Hill - CV-17 - World War II - Aircraft Carrier - US Navy
USS Bunker Hill (CV-17) was an Essex-class aircraft carrier that saw service during World War II. Serving in the Pacific, USS Bunker Hill took part in the Battle of the Philippine Sea and was part of the Fast Carrier Task Force. While operating off Okinawa, USS Bunker Hill was hit by two kamikazes which caused significant damage.
USS Yorktown - World War II - CV-10 - Aircraft Carrier - US Navy
USS Yorktown (CV-10) was an Essex-class aircraft carrier that served with the US Navy. Entering service in 1943, USS Yorktown saw combat in the Pacific during World War II. After the war, USS Yorktown saw further action during the Vietnam War before becoming a museum ship.
USS Intrepid - CV-11 - World War II - Aircraft Carrier - US Navy
USS Intrepid (CV-11) was an Essex-class aircraft carrier that saw extensive service during World War II. Campaigning in the Pacific, USS Intrepid later took part in the Vietnam War. USS Intrepid later became a museum ship in New York City.
Haruna - Japanese Battleship Haruna - World War II
Haruna was a Japanese battleship that saw service during World War I and World War II. Initially built as a battlecruiser, Haruna was heavily modified during the interwar years. During World War II, Haruna saw action during several of the major battles in the Pacific including Midway, Philippine Sea, and Leyte Gulf. Haruna was sunk at Kure in July 1945.
HMS Nelson - World War II - Royal Navy - Battleships
HMS Nelson was a British battleship that saw service during World War II. Completed in 1930, HMS Nelson's design was a product of the Washington Naval Treaty. During World War II, HMS Nelson served in the Atlantic, Mediterranean, and Indian Oceans.
USS Saratoga - CV-3 - World War II - Aircraft Carrier - US Navy
USS Saratoga (CV-3) was one of the US Navy's first aircraft carriers and saw service during World War II. Serving in the Pacific, USS Saratoga took part in many of the Allied campaigns against Japan. USS Saratoga was sunk as part of Operation Crossroads at Bikini Atoll in 1946.
Admiral Scheer - World War II - Pocket Battleship Admiral Scheer
Admiral Scheer was Deutschland-class
USS Enterprise - CV-6 - World War II - Aircraft Carrier
USS Enterprise (CV-6) was an American aircraft carrier during World War II. Entering service in 1938, USS Enterprise saw action throughout the war in the Pacific including the Battle of Midway. One of the most honored ships of the war, USS Enterprise earned 20 battle stars and the Presidential Unit Citation.
USS Pennsylvania - BB-38 - Battleships - World War II
USS Pennsylvania (BB-38) was a Pennsylvania-class battleship that entered the US Navy in 1916 and saw service during World War I and World War II. USS Pennsylvania was present during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, and later saw service across the Pacific. USS Pennsylvania took part in the Operation Crossroads testing at Bikini Atoll in 1946.
USS Lexington - CV-2 - World War II - Aircraft Carrier - Battle of the Coral Sea
USS Lexington (CV-2) was a US Navy aircraft carrier that saw service during World War II. A converted battlecruiser, USS Lexington was one of the US Navy's first large carriers. Seeing service during the opening months of World War II, USS Lexington was lost at the Battle of the Coral Sea in May 1942.
USS North Carolina - BB-55 - World War II - Battleships
USS North Carolina (BB-55) was a US Navy battleship that saw extensive service during World War II. Active in the Pacific Ocean, USS North Carolina took part in many of the Allied island-hopping campaigns of the conflict. USS North Carolina is currently a museum ship in Wilmington, NC.
Admiral Graf Spee - World War II - Kriegsmarine - Pocket Battleship
Admiral Graf Spee was a Deutschland-class heavy cruiser or pocket battleship that entered service with the Kriegsmarine in 1936. With the outbreak of World War II, Admiral Graf Spee began commerce raiding in the Atlantic. Hunted by the Royal Navy, Admiral Graf Spee was damaged at the Battle of the River Plate in December 1939 and scuttled a short time later.
USS Essex - CV-9 - World War II - Aircarft Carriers
USS Essex (CV-9) was an American aircraft carrier that entered service during World War II. The lead ship of the large Essex-class, USS Essex took part in the major campaigns in the Pacific and later served in the Korean War. Remaining in service until 1969, USS Essex served as a recovery ship for the early Apollo space missions.
USS Ranger - CV-4 - World War II - Aircraft Carrier
USS Ranger (CV-4) was a US Navy aircraft carrier that saw service during World War II. The US Navy's first purpose-built aircraft carrier, USS Ranger saw extensive service in the Atlantic as the war raged. Smaller and slower than its newer compatriots, USS Ranger finished the war as a training carrier.
USS Nevada - BB-36 - Battleships - World War II
USS Nevada (BB-36) was a US Navy battleship that entered service in 1916. During its career, USS Nevada (BB-36) saw service during both World War I and World War II. After World War II, USS Nevada (BB-36) was used during the atomic testing at Bikini Atoll.
USS Iowa - World War II - BB-61 - Battleships
USS Iowa (BB-61) was an Iowa-class battleship built for the US Navy during World War II. The lead ship of its class, USS Iowa saw service in both the Atlantic and Pacific during World War II and later took part in the Korean War. USS Iowa remained in service until 2006 when it became a museum ship
USS Wasp - World War II - CV-7 - Aircraft Carrier
USS Wasp (CV-7) was an American aircraft carrier that served during World War II. Launched in 1939, USS Wasp saw duty in the Atlantic and Pacific during the early parts of the conflict. Operating in support of US forces on Guadalcanal, USS Wasp was sunk by I-19 on September 15, 1942.
Joseph Wheeler - Confederate General - Civil War
Major General Joseph Wheeler was a noted Confederate cavalry general during the Civil War. Serving in the western theater of the war, Joseph Wheeler took part in most of the major actions in that region. Returning to the US Army after the war, Joseph Wheeler later was a key commander during the Spanish-American War.
USS Hornet - CV-8 - Aircraft Carrier - World War II
USS Hornet (CV-8) was an American aircraft carrier during World War II. USS Hornet gained famed for its role in the April 1942 Doolittle Raid. Taking part in the Battle of Santa Cruz that October, USS Hornet was lost in action.
Tirpitz - German Battleship Tirpitz - World War II
Tirpitz was a large German battleship that saw service during World War II. A sister ship to Bismarck, Tirpitz largely saw duty in the North Atlantic and Norway. During the course of the war, the British made several efforts to sink Tirpitz and finally succeeded in late 1944.
USS Yorktown - CV-5 - World War II - Battle of Midway
USS Yorktown (CV-5) was an American aircraft carrier during World War II. Launched in 1937, USS Yorktown took part in the Battle of the Coral Sea. USS Yorktown was lost following the Battle of Midway a month later.
Richard Ewell - Civil War - Lieutenant General - Army of Northern Virginia
Lieutenant General Richard Ewell was a Confederate commander during the Civil War who saw extensive service with the Army of Northern Virginia. Graduating from West Point in 1840, Richard Ewell took part in the Mexican-American War and served on the frontier. Joining the Confederacy in 1861, Richard Ewell rose to lead the Army of Northern Virginia's Second Corps.
Lewis Armistead - Civil War - Confederate - Battle of Gettysburg
Brigadier General Lewis Arimstead was a Confederate commander during the American Civil War. Serving in the Army of Northern Virginia, Lewis Armistead took part in its campaigns during 1862. The following year, Lewis Armistead was mortally wounded while taking part in Pickett's Charge during the Battle of Gettysburg.
John C. Pemberton - Civil War - Siege of Vicksburg
Lieutenant General John C. Pemberton was a Confederate commander during the Civil War. Though northern by birth, John C. Pemberton elected to serve the Confederacy and oversaw Southern forces during the Siege of Vicksburg. After surrendering the city, John C. Pemberton was exchanged but failed to secure another major command during the war.
Edmund Kirby Smith - Civil War - General - Confederate
General Edmund Kirby Smith was a Confederate commander during the American Civil War. A West Point graduate and Mexican-American War veteran, Edmund Kirby Smith was wounded at First Bull Run and later took part in the invasion of Kentucky. For the final three years of the Civil War, Edmund Kirby Smith commanded the Trans-Mississippi Department.
Patrick Cleburne - Civil War - Confederate - Army of Tennessee
Patrick Cleburne was an Irish-American commander who fought for Confederacy during the Civil War. Serving with the Army of Tennessee, Patrick Cleburne saw action during most of its major campaigns. Patrick Cleburne was killed at the Battle of Franklin in November 1864.
Richard Taylor - Civil War - Confederacy - Lieutenant General
Lieutenant General Richard Taylor was a Confederate commander during the American Civil War. The son of President Zachary Taylor, Richard Taylor saw service in the 1862 Valley Campaign before moving through several posts in the West where he defeated the Union Red River Campaign. The commander of the Army of Tennessee at the end of the conflict, Richard Taylor surrendered on May 8, 1865.y
Battle of the Thames - War of 1812 - William Henry Harrison
The Battle of the Thames was fought October 5, 1813, during the War of 1812. Advancing into Canada after the Battle of Lake Erie, American forces met the British and Native Americans at the Battle of the Thames. In the fighting at the Battle of the Thames, American forces won a decisive victory and killed Tecumseh.
Battle of Manzikert - Byzantine Empire - Defeat at Manzikert
The Battle of Manzikert was fought August 26, 1071, between the Byzantine Empire and the Suljuk Turks. In the fighting at the Battle of Manzikert, the Byzantines were badly defeated. The Battle of Manzikert also saw Emperor Romanos IV captured by the Seljuks.
Battle of Plattsburgh - War of 1812 - Thomas MacDonough
The Battle of Plattsburgh was fought Septebmer 6-11, 1814 during the War of 1812. The Battle of Plattsburgh saw British forces advancing down Lake Champlain clash with American forces on the lake and on land. Defeated at the Battle of Plattsburgh, the British were forced to retreat north.
Battle of Hatteras Inlet Batteries - Civil War - US Navy
The Battle of Hatteras Inlet Batteries was fought August 28-29, 1861, during the Civil War. Sailing south, Union forces opened the Battle of Hatteras Inlet with the goal of hampering Confederate naval operations and tightening the blockade. The Battle of Hatteras Inlet Batteries saw Forts Hatteras and Clark captured and was a Union victory.
Battle of Jonesboro - Atlanta Campaign - Civil War - William Sherman
The Battle of Jonesboro (Jonesborough) was fought August 31-September 1, 1864, and was the final engagement of the Atlanta Campaign. Moving south of Atlanta, the Battle of Jonesboro began as Union forces sought to cut the railroads to the city. In two days of fighting, the Battle of Jonesboro resulted in a Union victory and forced the Confederates to abandon Atlanta.
Robin Olds - Vietnam War Ace - Brigadier General Robin Olds
Brigadier General Robin Olds was a noted American flying ace during World War II and the Vietnam War. Robin Olds was credited with twelve kills over Europe and four over Vietnam. Commanding the 8th Tactical Fighter Wing in Thailand, Robin Olds became known for his trademark mustache.
Battle of the Chateauguay - War of 1812 - St. Lawrence Campaign
The Battle of Chateauguay was fought October 26, 1813, during the War of 1812. Advancing into Quebec, an American army led by Major General Wade Hampton clashed with French Canadian and Native American forces at the Battle of Chateauguay. In the fighting at Chateauguay, the Americans were defeated and forced to retreat.
John Wool - Major General - Mexican-American War - US Army
Major General John Wool was a central figure in the US Army during the 19th century. Entering service in 1812, John Wool took part in the War of 1812, Mexican-American War, and Civil War. The oldest general in the Civil War, John Wool retired in 1863 at age 79.
Duke of Wellington - Arthur Wellesley - Napoleonic Wars
The Duke of Wellington was a key British commander during the Napoleonic Wars. Born Arthur Wellesley, the Duke of Wellington came to prominence for his campaigns during the Peninsular War in Spain. The Duke of Wellington is best remembered for his victory over Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815.
Heinkel 219 - World War II - Night Fighters - Luftwaffe
The Heinkel 219 Uhu was German night fighter developed during World War II. The first military aircraft equipped with ejection seats, the Heinkel 219 possessed a radar set and other advances. The Heinkel 219 proved effective, but was only availible in small numbers before the end of the war.
Second Seminole War - Seminole Wars - Osceola
The Second Seminole War was fought 1835 to 1842 between the United States and Native Americans in Florida. One of a series of conflicts in the area, the Second Seminole War resulted in a victory for US forces. In the wake of the Second Seminole War, many of the defeated Native Americans were relocated west.
Battle of Boroughbridge - Despenser War - Thomas of Lancaster
The Battle of Boroughbridge was fought March 16, 1322, during the Despenser War. Fought in Yorkshire, the Battle of Boroughbridge pitted royal forces against rebelling barons. In the course of the fighting, the royal troops won the Battle of Boroughbridge and the Earl of Hereford was killed.
Battle of Dupplin Moor - Second War of Scottish Independence - Edward Balliol
The Battle of Dupplin Moor was fought August 10-11, 1332, during the Second War of Scottish Independence. Clashing at Dupplin Moor the supporters of the Bruce dynasty met Edward Balliol and his English allies. In the fighting at Dupplin Moor, the Bruces were defeated.
Duke of Cumberland - Prince William Augustus - Butcher Cumberland - The Forty-Five
Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland was the son of King George II and a well-know British commadner during the 18th century. The Duke of Cumberland saw service during the War of the Austrian Succession and led British forces at the Battle of Culloden. The Duke of Cumberland's career ended when he was defeated during the Seven Years' War.
Robert Clive - Baron Clive - Battle of Plassey
Robert Clive was a noted commander and leader in the East India Company during the 18th century. Arriving in India in the 1740s, Robert Clive helped establish British supremacy over India. Robert Clive is best remembered for his victory at the Battle of Plassey.
Battle of Minden - Seven Years' War - Duke of Brunswick
The Battle of Minden was fought August 1, 1759, during the Seven Years' War. The Battle of Minden saw Allied forces attempt to defend Hanover from the French. In the fighting at the Battle of Minden, the Duke of Brunswick and the Allies won a key victory.
Fort William Henry - Siege of Fort William Henry - French and Indian War
The Siege of Fort William Henry was conducted from August 3 to 9, 1757, during the French & Indian War. Located in northern New York, Fort William Henry was attacked by French and Native American forces led by Marquis de Montcalm. After Fort William Henry's fall, much of the garrison was killed by the Native Americans as they departed the area after surrendering.
Sir Thomas Fairfax - English Civil War - New Model Army
Sir Thomas Fairfax, 3rd Lord Fairfax of Cameron, was a noted Parliamentarian commander during the English Civil War. Active during the fighting, Sir Thomas Fairfax led the New Model Army to victory at the Battle of Naseby in 1645. In 1660, Sir Thomas Fairfax was active in the Restoration of Charles II.
Marquis de Montcalm - French and Indian War - Louis-Joseph de Montcalm - Battle of Quebec
The Marquis de Montcalm was noted French commander during the French and Indian War. Defending New France, the Marquis de Montcalm won key battles at Fort William Henry and Fort Carillon. In 1759, the Marquis de Montcalm was mortally wounded during the Battle of Quebec.
A-6 Intruder - Grumman - US Navy - Vietnam War - Gulf War
The Grumman A-6 Intruder was a carrier-based attack aircraft developed for the US Navy in the early 1960s. Seeing service during the Vietnam War, the A-6 Intruder was known for its range and payload capability. The A-6 Intruder took part in the Gulf War in 1991 before being retired six years later.
B-2 Spirit - Stealth Bomber - US Air Force
The B-2 Spirit is a stealth bomber that entered service with the US Air Force in 1997. Developed during the Cold War, the B-2 Spirit was intended for penetrating Soviet defenses. Currently in service, the B-2 Spirit has been used in several conflicts including Kosovo and Afghanistan.
F-104 Starfighter - Lockheed F-104 Starfighter
The Lockheed F-104 Starfighter was developed in the 1950s as an interceptor for the US Air Force. Though the Lockheed F-104 Starfighter's USAF career was short, it was used extensively by by reserve forces and foreign air forces. Sold in large numbers to the Luftwaffe, the F-104 Starfighter's poor safety record caused scandals as did bribes associated with its sale.
USS Macon - US Navy - Airship - ZRS-5
USS Macon (ZRS-5) was a rigid airship built for the US Navy. Entering service in 1933, USS Macon conducted as variety of exercises and carried a complement of Curtiss F9C Sparrowhawk fighters. USS Macon was lost during a storm off the coast of California in February 1935.
Raid on Deerfield - Queen Anne's War - Deerfield Massacre
The Raid on Deerfield took place on February 29, 1704, during Queen Anne's War. The North American extension of the War of the Spanish Succession, the conflict saw a combined French and Native American force raid Deerfield, Massachusetts. Attacking the raiders, killed over fifty of Deerfield's residents and captured over one hundred.
Battle of Killiecrankie - Jacobite Rising - Bonnie Dundee at Killiecrankie
The Battle of Killiecrankie was fought July 27, 1689, during the Jacobite Risings. Rebeling against William III, Jacobite supporters in Scotland, led by Viscount Dundee, moved south to Killiecrankie. Met by Government forces, they won a clear victory at the Battle of Killiecrankie after launching an effective Highland charge.
F9F Panther - US Navy Fighter - Korean War - Grumman F9F
The Grumman F9F Panther was a US Navy fighter that saw extensive service during the Korean War. Entering service in 1949, the F9F Panther was the US Navy's first successful jet fighter. Used during the Korean War, the F9F Panther proved an extensive ground attack fighter.
USS Constitition - Frigate Constitution - War of 1812
USS Constitution was launched in 1797 and is the oldest commissioned warship in the US Navy. Earning fame during the War of 1812, USS Consititution defeated the British frigates Guerriere and Java. Known as
HMHS Britannic - Hospital Ships - World War I
HMHS Britannic was a British hospital ship during World War I. A sister of RMS Titanic, HMHS Britannic conducted several voyages to the Mediterranean to evacuate wounded. In November 1916, HMHS Britannic struck a mine and sank.
USS President - US Navy - War of 1812
USS President was one of the original six frigates built for the US Navy. Seeing service during the First Barbary War, USS President later at the center of the Little Belt Affair. After several cruises during the War of 1812, USS President was captured by the British in the waning days of the conflict.
USS Enterprise - CVN-65 - US Navy Aircraft Carrier
USS Enterprise (CVN-65) is the world's first nuclear-powered aircraft carrier. Commissioned in 1961, USS Enterprise has seen extensive service during the Vietnam War as well as during numerous other military operations. Currently in use, USS Enterprise is schedule to be retired in 2013.
USS Connecticut - Great White Fleet - Battleship - US Navy - Connecticut-Class
USS Connecticut (BB-18) was an American battleship that saw service during the early 20th century. In 1907 to 1909, USS Connecticut acted as flagship of the Great White Fleet and sailed around the world. USS Connecticut later took part in World War I and was scrapped in 1923.
USS Oriskany - CV-34 - US Navy - Aircraft Carrier
USS Oriskany (CV-34) was a aircraft carrier that saw service with the US Navy from 1950 to 1976. Laid down during World War II, USS Oriskany was completed after the conflict and later saw service during the Korean and Vietnam Wars. In 2006, USS Oriskany was sunk in the Gulf of Mexico as an artificial reef.
USS Chesapeake - US Navy Frigate - War of 1812 - Chesapeake-Leopard Affair
USS Chesapeake was 38-gun frigate built for the US Navy and launched in 1799. One of the US Navy's original six frigates, USS Chesapeake was attacked by HMS Leopard during the 1807 Chesapeake-Leopard Affair. USS Chesapeake was later defeated and captured by HMS Shannon during the War of 1812.
HMS Queen Mary - Battlecruiser - World War I - Royal Navy
HMS Queen Mary was a British battlecruiser that entered service in 1913. The last battlecruiser completed for the Royal Navy prior to World War I, HMS Queen Mary saw action during the early engagements of the conflict. Sailing with the 1st Battlecruiser Squadron, HMS Queen Mary was lost at the Battle of Jutland in May 1916.
Samuel Dupont - Rear Admiral - Civil War
Rear Admiral Samuel Francis Du Pont entered the US Navy in 1815 and saw service during the Mexican-American War. Promoted to captain in 1855, Samuel Du Pont commanded the South Atantic Blockading Squadron during the Civil War. Samuel Du Pont is best remembered for his failed attack on Charleston in 1863.
Edward Vernon - Admiral Vernon - Royal Navy - Old Grog
Admiral Edward Vernon was a noted commander in the Royal Navy during the 18th century. Edward Vernon earned fame for his service in the Caribbean during the Wars of Jenkins' Ear and the Austrian Succession. One of Edward Vernon's lasting contributions was the invention of grog, a rum-water drink that has long been consumed by the Royal Navy's sailors.
Graf von Spee - Admiral von Spee - Maximilian von Spee
Vice Admiral Maximilian von Spee was a German naval commander during World War I. In command of the German East Asia Squadron, Maximilian von Spee defeated the British at the Battle of Coronel in November 1914. Hunted by a superior British force, Maximilian von Spee's ships were destroyed at the Battle of the Falklands the following month.
Admiral John Fisher - Royal Navy - World War I - Jackie Fisher
Admiral of the Fleet John
Edward Boscawen - Seven Years' War - Admiral Boscawen
Admiral Edward Boscawen was a noted British naval leader during the 18th century. Seeing service during the War of Jenkins' Ear and the War of the Austrian Succession, Edward Boscawen earned fame during the Seven Years' war. Edward Boscawen oversaw British naval forces during the Siege of Louisbourg and later won the Battle of Lagos.
John French - World War I - Field Marshal French - Earl of Ypres
Field Marshal John French was a British commander during the early part of World War I. Entering the British Army in 1874, John French rose to prominence during the Second Boer War and later served as Chief of the Imperial General Staff. With the beginning of World War I, John French became the commander of the British Expeditionary Force, a post he held until December 1915.
Thomas Macdonough - War of 1812 - Battle of Plattsburgh - US Navy
Captain Thomas MacDonough was US naval officer during the War of 1812. Entering the service in 1800, Thomas MacDonough saw action during the First Barbary War. Thomas MacDonough later earned fame for leading American force to victory over the British at the Battle of Plattsburgh on Lake Champlain in 1814.
Raphael Semmes - CSS Alabama - Civil War - Confederate Navy
Rear Admiral Raphael Semmes was a noted Confederate naval commander during the American Civil War. First making a name for himself as commander of the raider CSS Sumter, Raphael Semmes later earned international fame as captain of CSS Alabama. Defeated off Cherbourg in 1864, Raphael Semmes returned to Richmond and led the James River Squadron and later the Naval Brigade.
William Bainbridge - US Navy - War of 1812 - Quasi-War
Commodore William Bainbridge was an officer in the US Navy during the Barbary Wars and War of 1812. Captured during the First Barbary War, William Bainbridge lost USS Philadelphia in Tripoli harbor. During the War of 1812, William Bainbridge defeated HMS Java while captain of USS Constitution.
Franz von Hipper - World War I - Kaiserliche Marine - High Seas Fleet
Admiral Franz von Hipper was a key German naval commander during World War I. During the conflict, Franz von Hipper led the German battlecruisers at the Battle of Jutland. Later in the war, Franz von Hipper assumed command of the High Seas Fleet.
Boston Massacre - American Revolution - Revolutionary War
The Boston Massacre took place on March 5, 1770, and helped lead to the American Revolution. The Boston Massacre saw a mob clash with British troops as part of a larger protest against taxation without representation. In the Boston Massacre, five civilians were killed.
Operation Linebacker - Vietnam War - Bombing of North Vietnam
Operation Linebacker took place May 9 to October 23, 1973, during the Vietnam War. Operation Linebacker was an air campaign intended to interdict North Vietnamese troops and supplies during the Easter Offensive. The bombing campaign during Operation Linebacker forced the North Vietnamese to return to the peace talks.
Boston Tea Party - American Revolution - Sons of Liberty
The Boston Tea Party took place on December 16, 1773, in Boston harbor. Angered by the imposition of the Tea Act, colonists in Boston refused to allow new shipments to be landed. On the night of December 16, angry colonists boarded three tea ships in the harbor and tossed crates of tea into the harbor. Known as the Boston Tea Party, this act contributed to the tensions that led to the American Revolution.
Ferdinand Foch - World War I - French Army
Marshal Ferdinand Foch was a noted French commander during World War I. Playing a key role in the First Battle of the Marne, Ferdinand Foch later became supreme commander of Allied forces. In this role, Ferdinand Foch received the German request for an armistice.
Siege of Leningrad - World War II - Eastern Front
The Siege of Leningrad took place from September 8, 1941 to January 27, 1944, during World War II. Lasting 872 days, the Siege of Leningrad saw large numbers of casualties on both sides. Despite several assaults, the Germans were unable to bring the Siege of Leningrad to a successful conclusion.
Operation Sea Lion - World War II - Invasion of Britain - 1940
Operation Sea Lion was the German plan for the invasion of Britain. Germany hoped to launch Operation Sea Lion sometime in late 1940 following the Fall of France. After their defeat in the Battle of Britain, Germany indefinitely postponed Operation Sea Lion.
Benjamin Lincoln - American Revolution - Major General - Revolutionary War
Major General Benjamin Lincoln was a commander in the Continental Army during the American Revolution. Present at the Battle of Saratoga, Benjamin Lincoln later led the Southern Department and was captured during the Siege of Charleston. Exhanged, Benjamin Lincoln later received the British surrender at the Battle of Yorktown.
Guy Carleton - American Revolution - Sir Carleton Governor of Canada
Sir Guy Carleton served as governor of Quebec and later governor-general of Canada. Guy Carleton was in office during the American Revolution and defended Canada from American attacks. In the war's later years, Guy Carleton served as commander-in-chief of British forces in North America.
Patrick Ferguson - American Revolution - King's Mountain - Major Patrick Ferguson
Major Patrick Ferguson was a British officer during the American Revolution. Known for inventing a breech-loading rifle, Patrick Ferguson saw action during the Philadelphia Campaign. Patrick Ferguson was killed leading British forces at the Battle of Kings Mountain in North Carolina.
Samuel Nicholas - US Marine Corps - American Revolution - Marines Birthday
Major Samuel Nicholas was the first commissioned officer in the history of the US Marine Corps. Samuel Nicholas entered the service in 1775 during the American Revolution. Seeing action during the conflict, Samuel Nicholas effectively served as the first commandant of the US Marine Corps.
John Burgoyne - Gentleman Johnny - American Revolution - Battle of Saratoga
Major General John Burgoyne was a British commander during the American Revolution. John Burgoyne also saw service during the War of the Austrian Succession and the Seven Years' War. Leading the British army at the Battle of Saratoga in 1777, John Burgoyne was forced to surrender to American forces.
John Stark - Revolutionary War - General Stark - American Revolution
Major General John Stark was a notable commander during the American Revolution. A native of New Hampshire, John Stark fought in the French and Indian War before seeing action at Bunker Hill in 1775. John Stark later took part in the Battles of Trenton and Princeton as well as played a key role at the Battle of Bennington.
Daniel Morgan - American Revolution - General Morgan
Brigadier General Daniel Morgan was a famed American commander during the American Revolution. First seeing action during Siege of Boston, Daniel Morgan played a key role in the Battle of Saratoga. Given a command in the south, Daniel Morgan won a decisive victory at the Battle of Cowpens in 1781.
Casimir Pulaski - Count Pulaski - American Revolution
Count Casimir Pulaski was a noted Polish cavalry commander who saw action during conflicts in Poland and later served in the American Revolution. Arriving in North America in 1777, Casimir Pulaski became known as the
Pappy Boyington - Black Sheep Squadron Pappy Boyington
Hawker Harrier - RAF Hawker Harrier
The Hawker Siddeley Harrier was a revolutionary VTOL aircraft the entered service with the Royal Air Force in 1969. Using vectored thrust, the Hawker Harrier could take off and land vertically. The Hawker Harrier first saw combat during the 1982 Falklands War.
Saab Viggen - Saab Viggen Fighter
The Saab 37 Viggen was a medium range fighter and attack aircraft, manufactured between 1970 and 1990. Designed with technological aid from the United States, the Saab Viggen featured a delta wing configuration and canards. The Saab Viggen was retired in 2005.
MiG-17 - MiG-17 Fresco
The MiG-17 Fresco was a Soviet fighter developed during the Cold War. Flying for several Communist air forces, the MiG-17 saw extensive service during its career. The MiG-17 saw combat against American aircraft during the Vietnam War.
G3M - Mitsubishi G3M Nell World War II
The Mitsubishi G3M
Siege of Fort Wayne - War of 1812 - William Henry Harrison
The Siege of Fort Wayne took place September 5-12, 1812, during the War of 1812. Laying siege to Fort Wayne, Native American forces mounted several attacks against the fort. These were repulsed and the Native Americans withdrew as William Henry Harrison neared with a relief army.
Arthur Harris - World War II Arthur Bomber Harris Biography
Edward Mannock - World War I Ace Edward Mick Mannock
Hap Arnold - General Hap Arnold
Stonewall Jackson - Civil War General Stonewall Jackson - Civil War
Lt. General Thomas
Little Boy - World War II Little Boy Atomic Bomb
Grunwald 1410 - Battle of Grunwald 1410
The Battle of Grunwald (Tannenberg) was fought July 15, 1410 during the Polish–Lithuanian–Teutonic War. On of the largest battles fought in medieval Europe, Grunwald saw the Teutonic knights defeated. The Battle of Grunwald shifted the balance of power in Eastern Europe and was later used for propaganda purposes.
H.L. Hunley Sinks USS Housatonic - American Civil War H.L. Hunley Sinks USS Housatonic
The H.L. Hunley became the first submarine to sink another ship when it attacked USS Housatonic off Charleston on February 17, 1864. Plagued by problems during its development, Hunley successfully placed its spar torpedo on Housatonic, destroying the Union ship. The submarine was lost at sea while returning from its historic attack.
Brown Bess Musket - Brown Bess in the American Revolution
Originally the Long Land Pattern, the
F-117 Nighthawk - F-117 Nighthawk Stealth Fighter
The Lockheed F-117 Nighthawk was the world's first operational stealth fighter. Designed by the Lockheed Skunk Works, the F-117 entered service in 1983, but remained secret for several years. The F-117 saw extensive service during the Gulf War and Kosovo War before being retired in 2008.
XB-70 Valkyrie - North American XB-70 Valkyrie -
The XB-70 Valkyrie was first developed in the 1950s as a high-altitude, supersonic bomber. Intended to carrying nuclear weapons to strike the Soviet Union, the XB-70 program was largely cancelled due to the development of effective surface-to-air missiles. Two XB-70 prototypes were built and used in high-speed testing.
Battle of Messines - World War I Battle of Messines
The Battle of Messines occurred from June 7-14, 1917, and saw British troops attempt to capture Messines Ridge in Flanders. Detonating 19 mines, the British were able to take the ridge with relative ease. The victory at Messines was a prelude to the bloody Battle of Passchendaele.
Sir Henry Morgan - Biography of Captain Sir Henry Morgan Buccaneer - Pirate Henry Morgan
Sir Admiral Henry Morgan was an English privateer during the 1600s who led buccaneers in the Caribbean Sea. During Henry Morgan's career he sacked several Spanish cities and is best known for his capture of Panama in 1671. Henry Morgan was knighted three years later and became Lieutenant Governor of Jamaica in 1675.
Horatio Nelson - Biography of Vice Admiral Horatio Nelson - Napoleonic Wars
Born in 1758, Horatio Nelson rose to become one the world's greatest naval leaders. Horatio Nelson's victories at the Battle of the Nile, the Battle of Copenhagen, and the Battle of Trafalgar played a key role in the defeat of Revolutionary France and Napoleon. Horatio Nelson fell mortally wounded at the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805.
Battle of Gettysburg - Confederate Commanders - Southern Leaders
The Battle of Gettysburg saw Confederate commanders attempt to defeat Union troops in Pennsylvania. Attacking Union forces, General Robert E. Lee and the Confederate leadership mounted several failed attacks on the enemy's flanks. On July 3, Lee and his commanders launched a massive assault known as Pickett's Charge which was repulsed.
Battle of Gettysburg - Union Leaders - Corps Commanders
Fought in July 1863, the Battle of Gettysburg saw Union commanders and the Army of the Potomac defeat the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia. Led by Major General George G. Meade, Union forces fought a defensive battle and triumphed. The Battle of Gettysburg was the turning point of the Civil War in the East.
Hundred Years' War - History - Overview of the Hundred Years' War
The Hundred Years' War between England and France was fought between 1337 and 1453. Beginning as a dynastic conflict, the Hundred Years' War saw England win several early triumphs. The Hundred Years' War ultimately ended in a French victory.
Wars of the Roses - Wars of the Roses Overview - Wars of the Roses History
The Wars of the Roses were fought in Britain from 1455 to 1485. A dynastic conflict, the Wars of the Roses saw the Houses of Lancaster and York struggle for the English throne. The Wars of the Roses ended with the triumph of the Lancasterians and the ascent of Henry Tudor.
English Civil War - English Civil War Overview - English Civil War Facts
The English Civil War was fought between Parliamentarian and Royalist forces and began in 1642. During the English Civil War, Parliamentarian forces won key battles at Marston Moor and Naseby. The English Civil War ended in 1651 when Parliamentarian troops triumphed.
Mitsubishi G4M Betty - Bombers of World War II - Mitsubishi G4M and Japanese World War II Bombers - Photos of Mitsubishi G4M Bettys - G4M Photographs
The first major war to feature widespread bombing, World War II produced a variety of bombers of all shapes and sizes. While some nations such as the United States and Great Britain built long-range, four-engine aircraft, others chose to focus on smaller, medium bombers. This gallery will provide an overview of some the bombers used during the conflict. Page 10.
Nieuport 11 Bebe - Fighters of World War I - Nieuport 11 Bebe
World War I was the first major conflict to feature a wide variety of military aircraft. Beginning with simple and fragile fighters such as the Fokker E.III, the air forces of both sides quickly developed increasingly sleek and sophisticated aircraft to contest the skies over Europe. This gallery provides an overview of the fighters employed by the British, French, and German air services during World War I. This photo shows a Nieuport 11 Bebe. Page 3.
Mitsubishi Ki-21 Sally - Bombers of World War II - Mitsubishi Ki-21 and Japanese World War II - Mitsubishi Ki-21 Photos - Photographs of Ki-21 Sally
The first major war to feature widespread bombing, World War II produced a variety of bombers of all shapes and sizes. While some nations such as the United States and Great Britain built long-range, four-engine aircraft, others chose to focus on smaller, medium bombers. This gallery will provide an overview of some the bombers used during the conflict. Page 6.
Charles Lee - Major General - American Revolution
Major General Charles Lee was an officer during the American Revolution. A veteran of the Seven Years' War and British Army, Charles Lee joined the Continental Army in 1775. Captured in 1776, Charles Lee was later exchanged and saw action at the Battle of Monmouth two years later. Performing poorly, Charles Lee was relieved during the battle.
USS George Washington - USS George Washington SSBN-598
USS George Washington (SSBN-598) was the United States' first ballistic missile submarine. Launched in 1959, USS George Washington served in a nuclear deterrent role until 1982. For the last three years of its career, USS George Washington served as an attack submarine.
Battle of Austerlitz - Napoleonic Wars Battle of Austerlitz
The Battle of Austerlitz was one of Napoleon Bonaparte's greatest victories. Fought on December 2, 1805, Austerlitz is also known as the Battle of the Three Emperors as Russian and Austrian forces were led by Tsar Alexander I and Emperor Francis II. The French victory at Austerlitz ended the War of the Third Coalition and led to the Austrians signing the Treaty of Pressburg
Battle of the Basque Roads - Napoleonic Wars Battle of the Basque Roads
The Battle of the Basque Roads was fought April 11-13, 1809, during the Napoleonic Wars. Assaulting the French fleet in Basque Roads, the British opened the battle by attacking with fireships. These forced many French ships in Basque Roads ashore and though some were taken, the British failed to fully exploit the success.
Battles of World War I
The battles of the World War I were fought across the globe from the fields of Flanders and France to the Russian plains and deserts of the Middle East.
Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain - American Civil War Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain and the 20th Maine
One of the most famed Union commanders of the Civil War, Joshua Lawrence Chamberlain was a college professor turned army officer. A native of Maine, Chamberlain heroically defended Little Round Top during the Battle of Gettysburg and ultimately was chosen to receive the Confederate surrender at Appomattox.
Munich Agreement - Appeasement Munich Agreement
The Munich Agreement was concluded on September 30, 1938, and saw the powers of Europe give in to Nazi Germany's demands for the Sudetenland. Meeting in Munich, British and French leaders elected to effectively cede part of Czechoslovakia rather than risk war. The Munich Agreement was part of a policy of appeasement which led Europe down the path to World War II.
Battle of Chapultepec - Mexican-American War Battle of Chapultepec
The Battle of Chapultepec was fought September 12-13, 1847, during the Mexican-American War. Having fought a series of battles around Mexico City, American forces attacked Chapultepec Castle and the city gates. In a full day of fighting, the castle was taken and the city's defenses penetrated.
Battle of Tippecanoe - The Battle of Tippecanoe 1811
The Battle of Tippecanoe was fought November 7, 1811, and was the climatic battle of Tecumseh's War. Fighting near the Tippecanoe River, William Henry Harrison defended against attacks by Tenskwatawa's Native American forces. Harrison's victory at Tippecanoe damaged Tecumseh's vision of uniting the Native Americans and helped lead to the War of 1812.
Battle of Buena Vista - Mexican-American War Battle of Buena Vista
The Battle of Buena Vista was fought February 22-23, 1847, and was the last major battle fought in northeast Mexico. Outnumbered by the approaching Gen. Antonio de Santa Anna's army, Gen. Zachary Taylor fell back to the mountain pass at Buena Vista. Attacked on February 23, his 4,500-man army succeeded in repulsing the Mexican assaults forcing them to withdraw.
World War II: The Postwar World
The most transformative conflict in history, World War II impacted the entire globe and set the stage for the Cold War. As World War II raged, the leaders of the Allies met several times to direct the course of the fighting and to begin planning for the postwar world. With the defeat of Germany and Japan, their plans were put into action. Page 2.
World War II Conferences - World War II Conferences and Aftermath
The most transformative conflict in history, World War II impacted the entire globe and set the stage for the Cold War. As World War II raged, the leaders of the Allies met several times to direct the course of the fighting and to begin planning for the postwar world. With the defeat of Germany and Japan, their plans were put into action.
B-17 - B-17 Flying Fortress Bomber
The B-17 Flying Fortress was a key American heavy bomber during World War II. Developed by Boeing, the B-17 entered service in 1938, and was used in all theaters of the war. During the course of the war, B-17s dropped 640,000 tons of bombs on Germany.
USS Kansas - Great White Fleet - BB-21 - US Navy - Battleships
USS Kansas (BB-21) was a Connecticut-class battleship that entered service in 1907. Sailing with the Great White Fleet, USS Kansas circled the world between 1907 and 1909. Remaining in service until 1921, USS Kansas was later sold for scrap.
Great White Fleet - Voyage of the Great White Fleet - Theodore Roosevelt
The Great White Fleet departed Virginia in December 1907, and circumnavigated globe. Conducting a good will tour, the Great White Fleet's voyage lasted fourteen months as the ships visited ports such as Australia, Japan, and Egypt. The Great White Fleet also served to demonstrate the United State's growing naval strength.
Battle of Cedar Creek - The Battle of Cedar Creek - Civil War 1864
The Battle of Cedar Creek was fought October 19, 1864, during the Valley Campaigns of 1864. Attacking at Cedar Creek, Confederate forces surprised the army of absent Maj. Gen. Philip Sheridan and had initial success. Returning to Cedar Creek, Sheridan organized a massive counterattack and effectively destroyed the Confederate army.
Jubal Early - Confederate General - Civil War
Lieutenant General Jubal Early was a Confederate commander during the Civil War. Serving largely with the Army of Northern Virginia, Jubal Early took part in most of its major battles. In 1864, Jubal Early led Confederate forces in the Shenandoah Valley and threatened Washington, DC until being badly defeated by Major General Philip Sheridan.
In creating a plan for war, leaders must assess the situation and discover their enemy's weaknesses. Examine these resources for information on history's greatest military minds and the strategies they employed.
B-17 - B-17 Flying Fortress Bomber
The B-17 Flying Fortress was a key American heavy bomber during World War II. Developed by Boeing, the B-17 entered service in 1938, and was used in all theaters of the war. During the course of the war, B-17s dropped 640,000 tons of bombs on Germany. Page 2.
Casablanca Conference - World War II - Casablanca Declaration
The Casablanca Conference was a meeting between Allied leaders during World War II. Held January 14-24, 1943, the Casablanca Conference saw President Franklin D. Roosevelt and Prime Minister discuss strategy for defeating the Axis Powers. Among the decisions reached at the Casablanca Conference was that the Allies would seek the unconditional surrender of the enemy.
Thomas C. Kinkaid - World War II - US Navy - Admiral
Admiral Thomas C. Kinkaid was an American naval commander during World War II. Serving in the Pacific, Thomas Kinkaid led naval forces at Coral Sea, Midway, and through the Solomon Islands Campaign. Thomas Kinkaid later played a key role during the Battle of Leyte Gulf.
Admiral Raymond Spruance - US Navy - World War II - Pacific Fleet
Admiral Raymond Spruance was a key American naval commander during World War II. Raymond Spruance led Allied forces to victory during the pivotal Battle of Midway in June 1942. As the war progressed, Raymond Spruance directed several successful campaigns against the Japanese and won the Battle of the Philippine Sea.
USS Minnesota - BB-22 - Great White Fleet - US Navy - Battleships
USS Minnesota (BB-22) was a Connecticut-class battleship that began service with the US Navy in 1907. Sailing with the Great White Fleet, USS Minnesota circumnavigated the globe in a demonstration of American power. Taking part in World War I, USS Minnesota remained in service until 1921.
William Halsey - Admiral William Halsey in World War II
USS Louisiana - BB-19 - Great White Fleet - US Navy - Battleships
USS Louisiana (BB-19) was a Connecticut-class battleship that entered service in 1906. The following year, USS Louisiana sailed as part of the Great White Fleet and circumnavigated the globe. Later serving with the Atlantic Fleet, USS Louisiana was sold for scrap in 1923.
Battle of Queenston Heights - War of 1812 Battle of Queenston Heights
The Battle of Queenston Heights was fought October 13, 1812, and was an early engagement of the War of 1812. Crossing at Queenston Heights, American forces sought to invade Canada. The resulting battle saw the disorganized Americans beaten by a smaller British force and those on Queenston Heights forced to surrender.
Irvin McDowell - American Civil War - Major General - First Battle of Bull Run
Major General Irvin McDowell was a Union officer during the American Civil War. In 1861, Irvin McDowell led Union troops at the First Battle of Bull Run and was defeated by Confederate forces. The following year, Irvin McDowell led troops in Virginia and was partially to blame for the defeat at Second Manassas.
Army Biographies of the 1800s - 19th Century Army Biographies - Army Biographies
The conflicts of the 1800s saw the emergence of some of the greatest military innovators in history. Here we examine those leaders who led their forces to victory in the 19th century.
Third Battle of Winchester - Battle of Opequon - Civil War - Valley Campaigns of 1864
The Third Battle of Winchester (Opequon) was fought September 19, 1864, during the American Civil War. Advancing on Lt. Gen. Jubal Early, the Third Battle of Winchester saw Maj. Gen. Philip Sheridan attack Confederate forces. In the Third Battle of Winchester, Sheridan won a decisive victory.
American Revolution - American Revolution Battles
The American Revolution saw battles fought up and down the eastern United States as well as in Canada. Beginning with Lexington and Concord, these battles involved Patriots, British, Loyalist, and Native America forces. These battles made famous places such as Bunker Hill, Saratoga, Cowpens, and Yorktown.