Military History Sitemap - Page 5 2014-04-23

World War II: M1 Garand
Developed to replace the M1903 Springfield, the M1 Garand was the first semi-automatic rifle to be generally issued to any nation's army. Designed by John

American Revolution: General Hugh Mercer Dies
January 12, 1777 - American General Hugh Mercer (left) dies of wounds sustained at the Battle of Princeton. Born in Rosehearty, Scotland, Mercer trained to

World War II: Mitsubishi A6M Zero
The best carrier-based fighter in the world when it entered service in 1940, the Mitsubishi A6M Zero (right) was the mainstay of the Imperial Japanese Navy

Privateeers & Pirates: Admiral Sir Henry Morgan Sacks Panama
January 18, 1671 - English buccaneers under Admiral Sir Henry Morgan (left) sack the Spanish city of Panama. A native of Wales, Morgan arrived in Jamaica

American Civil War: USS Kearsarge
Launched in 1861, USS Kearsarge (left) was a Mohican-class screw-sloop built for the Union Navy during the Civil War. Entering service the following year,

Anglo-Zulu War: Battle of Isandlwana
January 22, 1879 - British forces are massacred at the Battle of Isandlwana (right). In early January 1879, British forces under Lord Chelmsford began

World War I: The Lee-Enfield Mk. III is Introduced
January 26, 1907- The Lee-Enfield Mk. III is introduced. Developed to replace the Martini-Henry, Martini-Enfield, and Lee-Metford rifles, the Lee-Enfield

Military History Timelines: 20th Century to Present
The first in our Military History Timeline Series, this timeline of the 20th Century to present provides an overview of some of greatest conflicts of the

World War II: HMS Venturer Sinks U-864
February 9, 1945 - While off the coast of Norway, HMS Venturer (left) attacks U-864 in the only known, wartime battle where one submerged submarine sank

Glorious Revolution: The Massacre at Glencoe
February 13, 1692 - Troops from the Earl of Argyle's Regiment of Foot massacre the MacDonald clan in Glencoe. In August 1692, following the Glorious

Ethiopian-Adal War: Battle of Wayna Daga
February 21, 1543 - The Ethiopian forces of Emperor Galawdewos win the Battle of Wayna Daga. Fought during the Ethiopian-Adal War, Wayna Daga was a turning

American Civil War: First Prisoners Arrive at Andersonville
February 27, 1864 - The first Union prisoners arrive at Andersonville Prison in southern Georgia. In November 1863, Andersonville, GA was chosen as the

World War II: The Bridge at Remagen
March 7-8, 1945 - At Remagen, Allied forces capture the Ludendorff Bridge (right) over the Rhine. As part of Operation Lumberjack, US forces drove

Naval Aviation: USS Langley is Commissioned
March 20, 1922 - USS Langley (left) is commissioned at Norfolk, VA. Laid down in 1911, Langley was originally built as the collier USS Jupiter. Joining

Kosovo War: NATO Aircraft Begin Operation Allied Force
March 24, 1999 - NATO aircraft (right) begin bombing targets in Yugoslavia and Kosovo as part of Operation Allied Force. In 1998, wide scale fighting

American Civil War: Battle of Glorieta Pass
March 26-28, 1862 - Union forces win a strategic victory at the Battle of Glorieta Pass. In early 1862, Confederate forces under Brig. Gen. Henry H. Sibley

Vietnam War: F-105 Thunderchief
Designed as a low-level, nuclear attack bomber, the F-105 Thunderchief (left) became famous as a strike aircraft in the skies over North Vietnam. Entering

Franco-Prussian War: Dreyse Needle Gun
Introduced in 1848, the Needle Gun was the invention of Prussian gunsmith Johann Nikolaus von Dreyse. The first military rifle to combine breech-loading with a

World War II: Yamato Sunk!
April 7, 1945 - The Japanese battleship Yamato (right) is sunk by US aircraft during Operation Ten-Go. Following Japan's withdrawal from the Washington

Mongol Invasions: Battle of Liegnitz
April 9, 1241 - Henry the Pious of Silesia is defeated at the Battle of Liegnitz by the Mongols. Following the refusal of King Bela IV of Hungary to turn over

World War II: Marshal of the RAF Arthur "Bomber" Harris Born
April 13, 1892 - Marshal of the Royal Air Force Arthur Bomber Harris (right) is born at Cheltenham, England. After receiving his education at Allhallows

World War II: Douglas SBD Dauntless
The US Navy's principal dive bomber for much of World War II, the Douglas SBD Dauntless (right) was designed by Ed Heinemann. Tracing its roots to the

First Barbary War: To the Shores of Tripoli!
April 27, 1805 - US Marines along with a mercenary army begin the Battle of Derna. In 1804, the former American consul to Tunis, William Eaton, returned to

Anglo-Dutch Wars: Admiral de Ruyter Dies!
April 29, 1676 - Famed Dutch naval leader Admiral Michiel de Ruyter (right) dies after the Battle of Agosta. The son of a beer porter, Michiel de Ruyter

Spanish-American War: Dewey Crushes the Spanish at Manila!
May 1, 1898 - Commodore George Dewey destroys the Spanish fleet at the Battle of Manila Bay (left). With the outbreak of the Spanish-American War,

Vietnam War: Hill 937 becomes Hamburger Hill
May 10-20, 1969 - US troops capture Hill 937, a.k.a. Hamburger Hill, after a prolonged battle. Advancing into the A Shau Valley as part of Operation Apache

World War I: Fokker Dr.I
Designed in response to the Sopwith Triplane, the Fokker Dr.I (right) became a favorite among German pilots. When the Sopwith entered service in April

Privateers & Pirates: "Black Bart" Roberts Born
May 17, 1682 - Notorious pirate Bartholomew Roberts (left) is born in Little Newcastle, Wales. Going to sea at a young age, Roberts proved himself a

World War I & II: HMS Warspite
Launched November 26, 1913, HMS Warspite (right) served during both World Wars and become one of the most decorated ships of the Royal Navy. A Queen

War of the Spanish Succession: Marlborough Triumphant at Ramillies!
May 23, 1706 - The Duke of Marlborough (left) crushes the French at the Battle of Ramillies. Advancing through the the Spanish Netherlands, an army of the

World War II: British Escape Dunkirk!
May 25, 1940 - British General Lord Gort decides to evacuate troops from France (right) beginning the Battle of Dunkirk. On May 24, 1940, Hitler urged

Russo-Japanese War: Russians Crushed at Tsushima!
May 27-28, 1905 - The Japanese destroy the Russian fleet at the Battle of Tsushima. Following several reverses in the conflict, Tsar Nicholas II dispatched

World War II: U-505 Captured!
June 4, 1944 - American forces capture U-505 (right) off the coast of Africa. Alerted to U-boat activity in the vicinity of the Canary Islands, a US task

Cold War: XB-70 Valkyrie Crashes!
June 8, 1966 - A XB-70 Valkyrie (right) crashes after a collision with a F-104. First conceived in the 1950s, the XB-70 was intended to provide the US

Jacobite Risings: Scots Defeated at Glen Shiel!
June 10, 1719 - Jacobite forces led by Lord George Murray are defeated at the Battle of Glen Shiel (left). In 1719, King Philip V of Spain began moving to

American Revolution: Gage Declares Martial Law!
June 12, 1775 - General Thomas Gage (left) declares martial law in Massachusetts and offers a pardon to all colonists except John Hancock and Samuel Adams.

American Civil War: Wesley Merritt Born!
June 16, 1834 - Future Union cavalry commander Wesley Merritt (right) is born in New York City. A member of the West Point Class of 1860, Merritt was

World War II: Carl A. Spaatz Born
June 28, 1891 - Future Chief of the Staff of the US Air Force Carl A. Spaatz (right) is born at Boyertown, PA. Graduating from West Point in 1914, he

American Civil War: The Tide Turns at Gettysburg!
July 2, 1863 - Union and Confederate forces clash on the second day of the Battle of Gettysburg. Meeting Confederate forces northwest and north of

American Revolution: John Paul Jones Born!
July 6, 1747 - John Paul Jones (left) is born at Kirkcudbright, Scotland. The son of a gardener, John Paul began his maritime career at age 13 when he

Williamite War in Ireland: Jacobites Beaten at the Boyne!
July 12, 1690 - William III defeats Jacobite forces at the Battle of the Boyne (right). Landing at Carrickfergus with 16,000 men in June 1690, William

American Civil War: Shaw Killed at Fort Wagner!
July 18, 1863 - Colonel Robert Gould Shaw (left) of the 54th Massachusetts is killed during an attack on Fort Wagner. Located on Morris Island, near

Napoleonic Wars: Wellesley Wins at Talavera
July 27-28, 1809 - English and Spanish forces win the Battle of Talavera. Crossing the border into Spain on July 2, 1809, Sir Arthur Wellesley (right)

American Civil War: Union Defeated in the Crater!
July 30, 1864 - Union forces are defeated at the Battle of the Crater (right). In early June 1864, Lt. Col. Henry Pleasants of the 48th Pennsylvania

World War I: The Battle of Romani Begins
August 3-5, 1916 - Turkish troops open the Battle of Romani by attacking British Commonwealth forces in the Sinai. In the summer of 1916, Friedrich

Anglo-Scottish Wars: Douglas Killed at Otterburn!
August 5 (or 19), 1388 - James Douglas, 2nd Earl of Douglas, is killed at the Battle of Otterburn. Advancing south in 1388, Douglas raided into England and

Gothic War: Romans Destroyed at Adrianople!
August 9, 378 - Eastern Roman forces are beaten at the Battle of Adrianople. After two years of skirmishing, Emperor Valens of the Eastern Roman Empire elected

Nine Years' War: English Ambushed at Curlew Pass!
August 15, 1599 - English forces are crushed at the Battle of Curlew Pass. Arriving in Ireland with 17,000 men, the Earl of Essex encouraged those Irish

American Civil War: Confederate States at Gettysburg
The turning point of the Civil War in the East, the Battle of Gettysburg saw the Union Army of the Potomac defeat the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia.

World War I: The B.E.F. Makes a Stand at Mons
August 23, 1914 - The British Expeditionary Force fights the Battle of Mons - its first major engagement of World War I. Taking a position along the Mons-Condé

World War II: Fleets Clash in the Eastern Solomons!
August 24-25, 1942 - Allied and Japanese fleets fight the Battle of the Eastern Solomons. Following the Allied invasion of Guadalcanal, Japanese naval

World War I: SPAD S.VII
Designed by Louis Béchereau, the SPAD S.VII (right) represented Société Pour L'Aviation et ses Dérivés' answer to a call from the French Aéronautique

World War I: Fokker D.VII
The product of an evolving design, the Fokker D.VII (left) first flew in January 1918. Competing against other prototypes, the aircraft won the endorsement

American Revolution: Arnold Strikes at New London!
September 6, 1781 - Brigadier General Benedict Arnold attacks New London, CT, and wins the Battle of Groton Heights. In an effort to distract American forces

War of 1812: "We have met the enemy and they are ours!"
September 10, 1813 - Master Commandant Oliver H. Perry (right) defeats the British at the Battle of Lake Erie. Through the first half of 1813, American and

Persian Wars: Greeks Stun the Persians at Marathon
September 12, 490 BC (approx.) - Greek forces defeat the Persians at the Battle of Marathon. Seeking to subjugate Greece, the forces of Persian Emperor Darius

Military History Timelines: 17th & 18th Centuries
The third in our Military History Timeline Series, this timeline of the 17th and 18th centuries provides an overview of some of greatest conflicts of the

American Civil War: Opening Shots at Chickamauga
September 18-20, 1863 - Confederate forces win the Battle of Chickamauga. In September 1863, Union Major General William Rosecrans attempted to force the

Crusades: Saladin Lays Siege to Jerusalem
September 20, 1187 - Saladin begins the Siege of Jerusalem. Arriving outside the city of Jerusalem in September 1187, Saladin demanded its surrender. Despite

World War II: Messerschimitt Bf 109
First taking to the air in 1935, the Messerschmitt Bf 109 (right) became the mainstay of German fighter forces during World War II. Created by Willy

Satsuma Rebellion: Samurai Destroyed at Shiroyama
September 24, 1877 - Samurai forces are destroyed at the Battle of Shiroyama. Following a string of defeats, the rebel samurai forces of Saigo Takamori

American Revolution: Yorktown Under Siege
September 28, 1781 - American and French forces open the Battle of Yorktown. Learning that Maj. Gen. Lord Charles Cornwallis' army was encamped at

Texas Revolution: The War Begins at Gonzales
October 2, 1835 - The Battle of Gonzales begins the Texas Revolution. As tensions increased between the Texans and the central government, the Mexican military

Muslim Invasions: Martel Triumphs at Tours
October 10, 732 - Frankish and Muslim forces clash at the Battle of Tours. Moving north in 732, Muslim forces led by Abdul Rahman Al Ghafiqi proceeded to sack

World War II: Night Action Off Cape Esperance
October 11/12, 1942 - US and Japanese naval forces fight the Battle of Cape Esperance. In early October 1942, Japanese naval forces sought to deliver

Cold War: Yeager Breaks Sound Barrier
October 14, 1947 - Captain Chuck Yeager breaks the sound barrier flying the Bell X-1 (right). Designed for the National Advisory Committee on Aeronautics

World War II: General Marshall Dies
October 16, 1959 - General George C. Marshall (right) dies at age 78. A graduate of the Virginia Military Institute, George Marshall entered the US Army in

American Revolution: Causes of Conflict
Today we start our five-part look at the American Revolution with an overview of the road to war. In the wake of the French & Indian War, the British

Photo Tour: Encampment at Valley Forge
As a follow-up to our overview of General George Washington's winter encampment at Valley Forge (left) in 1777/78, we offer this photo tour of the site.

World War II: Admiral William "Bull" Halsey Born
October 30, 1882 - Future Fleet Admiral William Bull Halsey (right) is born at Elizabeth, NJ. Graduating from Annapolis in 1904, Halsey moved through a

American Civil War: CSS Shenandoah Surrenders
November 6, 1865 - The Confederate raider CSS Shenandoah (right) puts into Liverpool, England becoming the last unit to surrender during the American Civil

American Revolution: New York, Philadelphia, & Saratoga
Today we continue our overview of the American Revolution with the New York & Philadelphia Campaigns and the Battle of Saratoga. Following the success

American Revolution: The War in the South
We continue our overview of the American Revolution with a look at the campaigns in the South. With the victory at Saratoga, the Congress was able to

American Revolution: Yorktown & Victory
We complete our look at the American Revolution with an examination of the Battle of Yorktown (right) and the peace negotiations that followed. While much

American Civil War: Sherman Reaches Savannah
December 10, 1864 - Major General William T. Sherman's (right) army reaches Savannah, GA during its March to the Sea. Following his successful campaign to

Circling the Globe: The Voyage of the Great White Fleet
December 16, 1907 - The Great White Fleet (right) departs on its around the world cruise. The brainchild of President Theodore Roosevelt, the Great White

Punic Wars: Hannibal Triumphs at the Trebia
December 18, 218 BC - Carthaginian forces under Hannibal crush the Romans at the Battle of the Trebia. Crossing the Alps into northern Italy after a successful

Crusades: Richard the Lionheart Captured
December 20, 1192 - King Richard the Lionheart is captured by Leopold V while returning from the Crusades. The third son of King Henry II, Richard was born in

World War II: Sturmgewehr 44
Entering service in 1943, the Sturmgewehr 44 (right) was one of the first modern assault rifles to see large-scale deployment. The StG44 was developed in

Washington Wins at Princeton
January 3, 1777 - Gen. George Washington's troops win the Battle of Princeton. Following his stunning Christmas victory at Trenton, Gen. George Washington

World War I: Airco DH.2
Developed in 1915, the Airco DH.2 (right) was one of the first effective British fighters of World War I. Designed by Geoffrey de Havilland, the DH.2 was a

World War II: Ace McGuire Downed
January 7, 1945 - #2 American ace Major Thomas McGuire (right) crashes on Negros Island. A student at Georgia Tech, McGuire left school after his junior

World War II: First Ejection Seat Used in He 280
January 13, 1942 - Test pilot Helmut Schenk ejects from his stricken Heinkel He 280 (right) becoming the first pilot to successfully use an ejection system.

American Civil War: Fort Fisher Falls
January 15, 1865 - Union forces capture Fort Fisher (right). Guarding Wilmington, NC, the last major Confederate seaport open to blockade runners, Fort

American Revolution: Morgan Crushes Tarleton at Cowpens
January 17, 1781 - American forces win the Battle of Cowpens (left). After taking command of American forces in the South in December 1780, Major General

World War II: Battle of the Bulge Ends
January 25, 1945 - After over a month of fighting, the Battle of the Bulge (right) comes to an end. Conceived as a way of breaking Allied strength in the

World War II: Fighting Begins on Kwajalein
January 31, 1944 - The Battle of Kwajalein (right) begins. In the wake of the capture of Tarawa, Allied forced continued their island-hopping campaign by

World War II: Omar Bradley - the "GI General" - is Born
February 12, 1893 - General Omar Bradley (left) is born at Clark, MO. Entering West Point in 1911, Bradley saw service in the United States during World

World War II: Disaster at Kasserine Pass
February 19-25, 1943 - Allied forces are defeated by the Germans at Kasserine Pass (right), Tunisia. Moving into the Atlas Mountains to prevent the Allies

World War II: Death of the White Rose
February 22, 1943 - Three members of the White Rose resistance group are executed by Nazi officials in Munich. Formed by medical students at the University of

First Italo-Ethiopian War: Italians Stunned at Adwa
March 1, 1896 - Italian troops are defeated at Adwa. At the outset of the First Italo-Ethiopian War, troops under Gen. Oreste Baratieri advanced deep into

Vientam War: Struggle for Dien Bien Phu Begins
March 13, 1954 - The Battle of Dien Bien Phu (right) begins in Vietnam. Moving into the Dien Bien Phu valley, French forces sought to block Viet Minh

Caesar's Civil War: Caesar Triumphant at Munda
March 17, 45 BC - Julius Caesar defeats the Optimates at the Battle of Munda. Fleeing to Hispania after defeat at the Battle of Thapsus, supporters of the late

World War I: Germans Launch Massive Offensive on the Western Front
March 21, 1918 - German troops begin their Spring Offensive by launching Operation Michael. Seeking to utilize German troops released from the Eastern Front

World War II: Cunningham Dominates at Cape Matapan
March 27-29, 1941 - Admiral Sir Andrew Cunningham wins the Battle of Cape Matapan. Departing on March 26, 1941, with the bulk of the Regia Marina's

Vietnam War: First Cracks Appear
March 30, 1972 - North Vietnamese forces launch the Easter Offensive (right) into South Vietnam. Having witnessed the failure of Army of the Republic of

World War I: British Advance at Arras
April 9, 1917 - British forces open the Battle of Arras. Despite the heavy casualties of the 1916 campaigns at Verdun and the Somme, the Allies moved forward

Piracy: A Modern Take on a Old Crime
With the ongoing standoff between the US Navy, Somali pirates, and the container ship Maersk Alabama, the United States is reminded of its first serious

Mongol Invasions: Hungary Crushed at Mohi
April 11, 1241 - King Bela IV is badly defeated at the Battle of Mohi. Advancing into Hungary after King Bela IV refused to turn over Cuman refugees, the

American Civil War: Fort Sumter Surrenders
April 12-14, 1861 - Fort Sumter (right) is attacked and surrenders to Confederate forces. With the secession of South Carolina in December 1860, the

American Revolution: Henry Clinton Born
April 16, 1730 - General Sir Henry Clinton (right) is born in Newfoundland. A veteran of the Seven Years' War, Clinton was a major general when he returned

World War II: Doolittle's Raiders Strike
April 18, 1942 - Lt. Col. Jimmy Doolittle leads a daring raid on Japan. While the damage inflicted was minimal, the strike revealed that the Japanese home

World War I: The Red Baron's Final Kills
April 20, 1918 - The famed Red Baron, Manfred von Richthofen (right), scores his final two kills. The son an aristocratic Prussian cavalryman, Manfred von

Aviation: The F-117A Nighthawk is Retired
April 22, 2008 - The US Air Force retires the F-117 Nighthawk (right). One of the most top secret projects in the history of the US Air Force, the

Franco-Prussian War: Von Moltke the Elder Dies
April 24, 1891 - Field Marshal Count von Moltke (right) dies at Berlin. Born in 1800, Helmuth von Moltke trained at the cadet school in Copenhagen before

Spanish Civil War: Guernica Burns
April 26, 1937 - During the Spanish Civil War, aircraft from the German Condor Legion and Italian Aviazione Legionaria bomb the Republican town of Guernica in

World War II: Food from Above
April 29-May 8, 1945 - Operations Manna & Chowhound drop tons of food (right) to alleviate starvation in the Netherlands. In late 1944 and early 1945, the

Cold War: MiG-21 Fishbed
Entering service in 1959, the MiG-21 Fishbed became the most-produced supersonic aircraft in history. Intended to be light fighter-interceptor, the

World War II: Doenitz Orders U-boat Attacks to Cease
May 5, 1945 - Grand Admiral and President Karl Doenitz (right) orders German u-boats to cease offensive operations. Entering the Kaiserliche Marine in

World War I: Lusitania Torpedoed
May 7, 1915 - RMS Lusitania (right) is torpedoed off Ireland by U-20 killing 1,198. Entering service in 1907, the Cunard Line's Lusitania was a well-known

American Civil War: Assault on the Mule Shoe
May 12, 1864 - Union troops attack the Mule Shoe Salient during the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House (right). After the indecisive Battle of the

World War II: D-Day Dodgers Preparing for Events in Italy
Often overshadowed by those who took part in D-Day and the advance across Western Europe, troops who fought in the Mediterranean and Italy are preparing for a

Napoleonic Wars: Allies Win at Albuera
May 16, 1811 - Allied forces compel the French to retreat at the Battle of Albuera. Laying siege to Badajoz in May 1811, Allied forces under Marshal William

Where have the professors gone?
Despite being one of the most popular areas of history with the general public, military history is vanishing from American classrooms and college campuses.

World War II: The Dambusters Strike
May 17, 1943 - British bombers conduct the famous Dambuster Raids. Seeking to inflict damage on water and electricity production in the Ruhr, the Royal Air

American Civil War: Grant's Regret
May 31-June 12, 1864 - Union and Confederate armies meet at the Battle of Cold Harbor. Pushing south after the Battles of the Wilderness and Spotsylvania

Who Won World War II in Europe?
Over the last several days this question has again surfaced after Queen Elizabeth II was initially omitted from the guest list for this weekend's D-Day

World War I: Kitchener Dead at Sea
June 4, 1916 - Field Marshal Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener (right) dies when HMS Hampshire strikes a mine in the North Sea. Entering the Royal Engineers

Second Anglo-Dutch War: The Medway Afire
June 9-14, 1667 - The Dutch fleet conducts a stunning raid on the Medway. As the English delayed in peace negotiations at Breda, the Dutch devised a daring

War of the Spanish Succession: One of England's Best
The son of a Royalist officer in the English Civil War, John Churchill, the future Duke of Marlborough (right), lived in relative poverty until the

American Revolution: Lafayette Arrives
June 13, 1777 - The Marquis de Lafayette (right) arrives in South Carolina from France. A young French aristocrat, Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette,

English Civil War: Charles Routed at Naseby
June 14, 1645 - King Charles I's army is routed at the Battle of Naseby. Following the Royalist storming of Leicester, Sir Thomas Fairfax moved north with the

Wars of the Roses: Oxford Triumphant at Stoke Field
June 16, 1487 - King Henry VII defeats a Yorkist rebellion at the Battle of Stoke Field. Though Henry VII had been crowned king after his victory at Bosworth

War of 1812: Ambush at Beaver Dams
June 24, 1813 - American troops are ambushed at the Battle of Beaver Dams. Seeking to end raids against newly captured Fort George, Brig. Gen. John Parker Boyd

French & Indian War: Louisbourg Under Siege
June 8-July 26, 1758 - British forces conduct the Siege of Louisbourg. Captured by colonial American forces in 1745, the fortress of Louisbourg was

War of 1812: A Belated 4th of July Present
July 5, 1814 - American forces defeat the British at the Battle of Chippawa (right). After several months of rigorous training under the watchful eye of

World War I 101: An Introduction to the Great War
World War I commenced in August 1914 after a series of events sparked by the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria. Initially arranged in

French & Indian War: Braddock Routed
July 9, 1755 - British troops under Maj. Gen. Edward Braddock (right) are routed at the Battle of the Monongahela. Following Lt. Col. George Washington's

American Civil War E-Course
Have you always wanted to learn more about the American Civil War? Have you wondered why it's one of the most popular topics in military and American

War in Afghanistan: Assault on Tora Bora
Fought in early December 2001, the Battle of Tora Bora saw Coalition and Afghan forces attacking the Tora Bora cave complex in the White Mountains near the

Hundred Years' War: Final Battle at Castillon
July 17, 1453 - French troops win the Battle of Castillon - the last major engagement of the Hundred Years' War. In the wake of the French capture of Bordeaux

Second War of Scottish Independence: Douglas Destroyed
July 19, 1333 - Edward III triumphs over the Scots at the Battle of Halidon Hill. Marching north in 1333, King Edward III sought to reclaim English supremacy

World War II E-Course
Have you always wanted to learn more about World War II? Have you wondered why it's one of the most popular topics in military and world history? Here

Napoleonic Wars: Salamanca Stunner
July 22, 1812 - Viscount Wellington (left) triumphs at the Battle of Salamanca. Advancing into Spain in 1812, Wellington eventually encountered French

Wars of the French Revolution: Nelson Loses an Arm
July 22-25, 1797 - Rear Admiral Horatio Nelson (right) is defeated at the Battle of Santa Cruz de Tenerife. Dispatched to capture Tenerife by Admiral Sir

World War I: A Preventable War
World War I was the result of several decades of increasing tensions in Europe due to rising nationalism, imperial pursuits, and arms proliferation. These

American Civil War: Rock of Chickamauga is Born
July 31, 1816 - Future General George H. Thomas (right) is born at Newsom's Depot, VA. Graduating from West Point in 1840, Thomas saw service during the

Vietnam War: Shots in the Gulf of Tonkin
August 2 & 4, 1964 - US ships encounter North Vietnamese torpedo boats in the Gulf of Tonkin Incident (right). On August 2, the destroyer USS Maddox was

World War II: Saboteurs Sabotaged
August 8, 1942 - Six German agents associated with Operation Pastorius are executed in Washington, DC. With the American entry into World War II, the

World War II: Atlantic Charter Issued
August 14, 1941 - Prime Minister Winston Churchill and President Franklin D. Roosevelt (right) issue the Atlantic Charter during World War II. With the

American Revolution: Blood at Blue Licks
August 19, 1782 - Kentucky militia are routed at the Battle of Blue Licks. After failing to mount an expedition against Wheeling, Capt. William Caldwell moved

Iraq War: Battling for Najaf
Advancing into Iraq in late March 2003, Coalition forces initially bypassed Iraqi cities in an effort to take Baghdad. Reaching Najaf, located at a key point

Hundred Years' War: Longbow Dominates at Crécy
August 26, 1346 - King Edward III triumphs at the Battle of Crécy (right). Invading Normandy in the summer of 1346, Edward pressed east towards the Seine.

Words from War: Words from the High Seas
We continue our Words from War series with words and terms that were used in the Golden Age of Piracy: Weather Gage Prize Crew Buccaneer (right)

70 Years Ago Today
Today marks the 70th anniversary of the start of World War II. The largest conflict in history, World War II consumed the globe between 1939 and 1945. On

Roman Civil Wars: Antony Flees at Actium
September 2, 31 BC - Mark Antony's fleet is destroyed at the Battle of Actium. Following several years of increasing tensions, Octavian and Mark Antony began

American Revolution E-Course
Have you always wanted to learn more about the American Revolution? Have you wondered why it remains a popular topic in military history? Here is your

War of 1812: Bombs Bursting in Air
September 13/14, 1814 - British forces attack Fort McHenry in Baltimore Harbor (right). While the Star-Spangled Banner was officially made the national

American Revolution: The Turning Point
September 19, 1777 - American and British forces open the Battle of Saratoga at Freeman's Farm. In 1777, Maj. Gen. John Burgoyne commenced a plan to sever

World War I: 1915 - A Stalemate Ensues
World War I 1915 - With the beginning of trench warfare on the Western Front, Britain and France sought to break through the German lines. Wishing to focus

Vietnam War: The Conflict in Pictures
The Vietnam War defined a generation and was one of the first major conflicts to be covered extensively by all types of modern media. Lasting from

Gallic Wars: Vercingetorix Surrenders
September-October 52 BC - Julius Caesar wins the Battle of Alesia. Entering Gaul in 52 BC to put down a Gallic revolt by Vercingetorix, Julius Caesar

World War II: Raid Reprisals
October 10, 1943 - Japanese forces begin arrests in the Double Tenth Incident as reprisal for Operation Jaywick. The brainchild of Major Ivan Lyon, Operation

Antebellum: John Brown Strikes
October 16-18, 1859 - Abolitionist John Brown (right) attacks the arsenal at Harpers Ferry, VA. A radical abolitionist, John Brown came to prominence during

World War II: Mustang Soars
October 26, 1940 - The North American P-51 Mustang (right) flies for the first time. Originally developed for the British, the P-51 became one of the iconic

American Revolution: Stamp Act in Effect
November 1, 1765 - The Stamp Act of 1765 takes effect. The Stamp Act was an attempt on the part of Parliament to raise taxes to fund the maintenance of

World War I: A War of Attrition
A big year on the Western Front, 1916 saw two of the bloodiest battles of the war as well as the Battle of Jutland, the only major clash between the British

Tecumseh's War: Harrison Stands at Tippecanoe
November 7, 1811 - Gen. William Henry Harrison (right) wins the Battle of Tippecanoe. In the wake of his failures to overturn the Treaty of Fort Wayne, the

Korean War: MiG-15
The MiG-15 (right) was the first truly effective jet fighter produced by the Soviet Union. Benefiting from Britain's willingness to share jet technology,

American Revolution: Fighting For Freedom
The battles of the American Revolution were fought as far north as Quebec and as far south as Savannah. As the war became global with the entry of France in

Military History Timeline: 1200s & 1300s
The fifth in our Military History Timeline Series, this timeline of the 13th and 14th centuries provides an overview of some of greatest conflicts of the

World War II: Patton Born
November 11, 1885 - General George S. Patton, Jr. (right) is born at San Gabriel, CA. The descendent of Brig. Gen. Hugh Mercer and several Confederate

World War II: The Desert Fox
November 15, 1891 - Erwin Rommel (right) is born at Heidenheim, Germany. Entering the army in 1910, Rommel saw service on multiple fronts during World War I

Indian Rebellion of 1857: Lucknow Relieved (Again)
November 16, 1857 - British forces at the Siege of Lucknow are relieved for the second time. With the outbreak of the Indian Rebellion of 1857, British forces

Civil War: Hood Marches His Army to its Doom
November 22, 1864 - Confederate General John Bell Hood's (right) Army of Tennessee enters Tennessee en route to its destruction. Born in Kentucky, Hood

World War II: End of the French Fleet
November 27, 1942 - In response to Operation Lila, the French Navy scuttles its fleet at Toulon (right). Concentrated at Toulon after the Fall of France, the

Seven Years' War: Frederick's Greatest Triumph
December 5, 1757 - Prussian forces under Frederick the Great (right) win the Battle of Leuthen. Returning east after his decisive victory at Rossbach,

World War I: 1917 - America Joins the Fight
Their offensive capability spent at Verdun, the Germans opened 1917 by falling back to a strong position known as the Hindenburg Line. The Allied cause was

World War I: Allenby Enters Jerusalem
December 11, 1917 - Field Marshal Edmund Allenby (right) enters Jerusalem on foot. Graduating from Sandhurst in 1881, Allenby saw extensive service in South

World War I: 1918 - A Battle to the Death
With troops from the Eastern Front freed for service in the west, German General Erich Ludendorff sought to inflict a decisive blow on the tired British and

Military History Timelines: 1400s & 1500s
The fourth in our Military History Timeline Series, this timeline of the 15th and 16th centuries provides an overview of some of greatest conflicts of the

World War I: Seeds of Future Conflict Sown
Opening in January 1919, the Paris Peace Conference was convened to draft the treaties that would officially end the war. Dominated by David Lloyd George

War of 1812: Victory at New Orleans
December 23, 1814-January 8, 1815 - American forces under Maj. Gen. Andrew Jackson win the Battle of New Orleans. In December 1814, VAdm. Sir Alexander

The Anarchy: David Defeated
Advancing into England in January 1138, King David I of Scotland sought to aid his neice Matilda in her quest for the English throne as well as acquire

Hundred Years' War: Edward III is Proclaimed King of France
January 26, 1340 - Edward III of England (right) is proclaimed King of France at Ghent. Born in 1312, Edward was the grandson of the great warrior king

World War II Battles
The battles of the World War II were fought across the globe from the fields of Western Europe and the Russian plains to the China and the waters of the

Mexican-American War: The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
February 2, 1848 - The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo is signed formally ending the Mexican-American War. Negotiated in the wake of Gen. Winfield Scott's

World War II: Altmark Boarded
February 16, 1940 - The Altmark Incident occurs in neutral Norwegian waters. Having served as the supply ship for the pocket battleship Admiral Graf Spee prior

Photo Gallery: American Fighters of World War II
At the outbreak of World War II the United States possessed a variety of fighters, many of which were inferior to their Axis opposition. As the war

War of 1812: Causes of Conflict
Tensions between the United States and Great Britain increased during the first decade of the 19th century due to issues involving trade and impressment of

Mexican-American War: Going Ashore at Veracruz
March 9, 1847 - American troops land at Collado Beach and prepare for the siege of Veracruz (right). After several victories in northeast Mexico, American

War of 1812: Surprises at Sea & Ineptitude on Land
With the outbreak of war, the United States began mobilizing forces to invade Canada. At sea, the fledgling US Navy quickly won several stunning victories

Punitive Expedition: Pershing Crosses the Border
March 15, 1916 - Brigadier General John J. Pershing leads American troops across the border during the Punitive Expedition (right). In the wake of Pancho

World War II: Fighting Rages on Iwo
February 19-March 26, 1945 - American forces fight the Battle of Iwo Jima (right). Landing on February 19, 1945, the Marines of the V Amphibious Corps

American Civil War: Fighting Begins at Bentonville
March 19-21, 1865- The Battle of Bentonville begins in North Carolina. Advancing into North Carolina, Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman split his army into two

World War II: The "Jumping General" is Born
March 22, 1907 - Future Lt. Gen. James M. Gavin (right) is born in Brooklyn, NY. Adopted at age two, Gavin ran away at age 17 to join the army. Recognized

War of 1812: Success at Lake Erie, Failure Elsewhere
The second year of war saw American fortunes around Lake Erie improve. Building a fleet at Erie, PA, Master Commandant Oliver H. Perry defeated a British

Creek War: Jackson Wins at Horseshoe Bend
March 27, 1814 - Major General Andrew Jackson leads American forces to victory at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend. Encouraged by Tecumseh, as well as the British

World War II: Weapons
It is often said that few things advance technology and innovation as quickly as war. World War II was no different as each side worked tirelessly to develop

American Civil War: Lee Abandons Petersburg
April 2, 1865 - Union forces win the Battle of Petersburg (right) and force Gen. Robert E. Lee to abandon the city. Following his setback at Cold Harbor, Lt.

World War II: German Tiger I Tank
Entering service in late 1942, the German Tiger I tank was designed in response to the superiority of Allied armor in the early days of World War II.

World War II: Allied Failure in Greece
April 6, 1941 - German forces (right) open the Battle of Greece. Having desired to stay neutral, Greece was dragged into World War II in October 1940 when it

World War II: The Bristol Blenheim Takes Flight
April 12, 1935 - The Bristol Blenheim (right) flies for the first time. First conceived in 1933 by Frank Barnwell, the Blenheim was sped to fruition by the

World War II: Yamamoto Shot Down
April 18, 1943 - US aircraft shoot down and kill Adm. Isoroku Yamamoto (right) in Operation Vengeance. Utilizing intercepted and decoded Japanese radio

American Revolution: Boston Besieged
April 19, 1775 - American forces begin the siege of Boston. Pursuing British forces after the Battles of Lexington & Concord, American colonial forces

Cold War: Khrushchev Demands U-2 Apology
May 16, 1960 - Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev demands an apology for US U-2 spy plane (right) flights over the Soviet Union. Developed by Kelly Johnson's

World War II: HMS Hood Sunk, Bismarck Escapes
May 24, 1941 - HMS Hood is sunk at the Battle of the Denmark Strait (right). Sailing from Norway with the new battleship Bismarck and new heavy cruiser

American Revolution: Tarleton at Waxhaws
May 29, 1780 - Lt. Col. Banastre Tarleton (right) wins the controversial Battle of Waxhaws. Following the fall of Charleston in May 1780, Tarleton was

World War II: Fighting on Okinawa Ends
June 22, 1945 - The Battle of Okinawa (right) ends after nearly three months of fighting. Seeking a base near Japan, the Allies began operations against

Hundred Years' War: Henry's Band of Brothers at Agincourt
The Battle of Agincourt saw the forces of King Henry V of England win a decisive victory over the French. Crossing the Channel in August 1415, Henry quickly

World War II: The Zero's Nemesis
June 26, 1942 - The Grumman F6F Hellcat (right) flies for the first time. Beginning prior to Pearl Harbor, designers at Grumman sought to create a

World War I: Treaty of Versailles Signed
June 28, 1919 - The Treaty of Versailles is signed. The result of the Paris Peace Conference, the Treaty of Versailles imposed a harsh peace upon Germany.

French & Indian War: British Repulsed at Fort Carillon
July 8, 1758 - British troops are turned back during the Battle of Carillon (right). Advancing up Lake George with overwhelming numbers, Maj. Gen. James

Pontiac's Rebellion: British Hold at Bushy Run
August 5-6, 1763 - British troops win the Battle of Bushy Run. With the outbreak of Pontiac's Rebellion in the spring of 1763, Native American forces laid

War of 1812: Bloody Draw at Lundy's Lane
July 25, 1814 - American and British troops clash at the Battle of Lundy's Lane. Advancing after winning the Battle of Chippawa on July 5, American forces

World War II: B-25 Mitchell Hits the Empire State Building
July 28, 1945 - A B-25 Mitchell bomber (right) accidently collides with the Empire State Building. Flown by Lt. Col. William Franklin Smith, the B-25 was

French & Indian War: Causes & War in the Wilderness
In the early 1750s, the British colonies in North America began pushing west over the Allegheny Mountains. This brought them into conflict with the French

Cold War: The Peacemaker Takes to the Sky
August 8, 1946 - The Convair B-36 Peacemaker (right) first flies. Responding to the US Army Air Corps' needs for a very long-range bomber in 1941,

Persian Wars: Greeks Stand at Thermopylae
August 480 BC - Greek troops fight the Battle of Thermopylae. Having been defeated by the Greeks at Marathon in 490 BC, the Persians returned to Greece ten

World War II: Mitsubishi G3M "Nell"
August 14, 1937 - Several Mitsubishi G3M Nell bombers (right) are downed by the Nationalist Chinese Air Force during raids over China. Conceived by Adm.

Northwest Indian War: Wayne Wins at Fallen Timbers
August 20, 1794 - Maj. Gen. Anthony Wayne (right) wins the Battle of Fallen Timbers. Educated as a surveyor, Wayne was appointed colonel of the 4th

Peninsular War: Wellesley Holds at Vimeiro
August 21, 1808 - Lt. Gen. Sir Arthur Wellesley wins the Battle of Vimeiro. Landing in Portugal in early August 1808, Wellesley assumed a position near the

War of 1812: Winder Routed at Bladensburg
August 24, 1814 - Brig. Gen. William Winder (right) is defeated at the Battle of Bladensburg. Pressing up the Chesapeake Bay, British forces under Maj.

Persian Wars: Greeks Triumph at Plataea
August 479 BC - Greek forces crush the Persians at the Battle of Plataea. In 480 BC, Persian forces led by Xerxes invaded Greece. Winning at Thermopylae, they

World War I: Russians Crushed at Tannenberg
August 23-30, 1914 - German forces win the Battle of Tannenberg. Having suffered in the early engagements on the Eastern Front of World War I, the German high

World War I: Allies Stand at the Marne
September 6-12, 1914 - Allied forces halt the Germans at the First Battle of the Marne. With the beginning of World War I, German forces drove through

Thirty Years' War: Gustavus Adolphus at Breitenfeld
September 17, 1631 - Gustavus Adolphus (right) triumphs at the Battle of Breitenfeld. Crossing the Baltic Sea in 1630, Gustavus and Swedish forces entered

Wars of the French Revolution: The Guns of Valmy
September 20, 1792 - French forces win the Battle of Valmy. Advancing into France, the Duke of Brunswick led an Allied force tasked with capturing Paris and

American Revolution: André Captured - Arnold Exposed
September 23, 1780 - Maj. Gen. Benedict Arnold's (right) plot to surrender West Point is exposed following the capture of Maj. John André. Beginning the

Mexican-American War: Taylor Takes Monterrey
September 21-24, 1846 - American forces under Major General Zachary Taylor win the Battle of Monterrey (right). Having won victories at Palo Alto and

Ancient Egypt: Chariots Attack at Kadesh
1274 BC - Egyptian and Hittite forces clash at the Battle of Kadesh. Advancing north to reclaim lost lands, Ramses II neared Kadesh with an army consisting of

Wars of Alexander the Great: Persians Crushed at Gaugamela
October 1, 331 BC - Alexander the Great triumphs at the Battle of Gaugamela. Advancing across Syria in 331 BC, Alexander sought to topple the Persian Empire.

The Crusades: Richard vs. Saladin at Arsuf
Having captured Acre in the summer of 1191, Crusader forces began moving south along the coast with the goal of seizing Jaffa. Led by Richard I the Lionheart

War of 1812: Sir Isaac Brock Born
October 6, 1769 - Major General Sir Isaac Brock (right) is born in Guernsey. Born to a middle class family, Brock entered the British Army at age 15 when

World War I: York on the Attack
October 8, 1918 - Corporal Alvin C. York (right) captures 132 Germans in the Argonne. Born to an impoverished Tennessee family, Alvin York was raised as an

American Revolution: Arnold Afloat at Valcour Island
October 11, 1776 - Brig. Gen. Benedict Arnold fights a British fleet at the Battle of Valcour Island (right). Having retreated south from Canada, American

Wars of Alexander the Great: Alexander at Tyre
Advancing south along the Mediterranean after his victories at Granicus and Issus, Alexander the Great laid siege to the island city of Tyre. Unable to strike

Second War of Scottish Independence: David Taken at Neville's Cross
October 17, 1346 - David II of Scotland is captured at the Battle of Neville's Cross. In mid-1346, Edward III crossed the Channel and invaded France. Marching

World War II: Grumman TBF Avenger
Developed in response to a 1939 US Navy Bureau of Aeronautics request for a new torpedo/level bomber, the Grumman TBF Avenger first flew in 1941.

American Civil War: Union Disaster at Ball's Bluff
October 21, 1861 - Union troops are defeated at the Battle of Ball's Bluff. Operating on poor intelligence, Union forces under Col. Charles Devens moved across

American Civil War: Old Pete
Born in 1821, James Longstreet earned the nickname Peter from his father due to his rocklike personality. Known as Pete or Old Pete, he entered West

French & Indian/Seven Years' War: 1758-1759: The Tide Turns
Regrouping in North America, the British succeeded in capturing Louisbourg and Fort Duquesne in 1758, but suffered a bloody repulse at Fort Carillon. The

Northwest Indian War: St. Clair Routed on the Wabash
November 4, 1791 - Maj. Gen. Arthur St. Clair's (right) small army is routed at the Battle of the Wabash. In the wake of early American defeats during the

American Civil War: Battlefield Photos
Fought 1861-1865, the American Civil War was the result of decades of sectional tensions between the North and South. Focused on slavery and states rights,

Crusades: Fatimids Surrender Jerusalem
Having taken Antioch in 1098, Crusader forces under Raymond of Toulouse and Godfrey of Bouillon moved against Jerusalem the following year. Advancing down the

Vietnam War: Fighting at Ia Drang
November 14-18, 1965 - American forces fight the Battle of Ia Drang (right). Landing at LZ X-Ray on November 14, Lt. Col. Hal Moore's 1st Battalion/7th

World War II: Monty Born
November 17, 1887 - Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery (right) is born in London. Raised in Northern Ireland and Tasmania, Montgomery graduated from

World War II: Allies Hit Tarawa
November 20-23, 1943 - American forces invade Tarawa (right). Beginning an island-hopping campaign across the Pacific, US forces moved to strike at

Privateers & Pirates: Blackbeard Killed
November 22, 1718 - The pirate Blackbeard (right) is killed by the Royal Navy. One of the most feared pirates of all time, Edward Teach was active in the

Northern Crusades: Victory on the Ice
Fought April 5, 1242, the Battle of the Ice saw Russian forces turn back the Crusaders. Attacking the Russian state of Novgorod in 1240 Crusader forces were

American Revolution: Preliminary Treaty of Paris Signed
November 30, 1782 - American and British delegates sign the preliminary Treaty of Paris (right). In the wake of the defeat at the Battle of Yorktown, the

Words From War: Castles
We continue our Words from War series with a look at several terms that pertain to castles: Keep (right) Curtain Embrasure Postern Photo

World War II: SB2C Helldiver Rolled Out
December 13, 1940 - The prototype of the Curtiss SB2C Helldiver (right) is rolled out. Designed as a replacement for the SBD Dauntless, the SB2C was

Byzantine-Ottoman Wars: Constantinople Falls
Ascending to the Ottoman throne in 1451, Mehmed II quickly began making preparations for a campaign against the Byzantine capital of Constantinople. Besieged

Napoleonic Wars: Thomas Cochrane Born
December 14, 1775 - The future Admiral Thomas Cochrane (right) is born at Annsfield, Scotland. Rising through the ranks, Cochrane was promoted to commander

American Civil War: Johnston Takes Command
December 16, 1863 - Gen. Joseph E. Johnston (right) takes command of the Army of Tennessee from Gen. Braxton Bragg. Graduating from West Point in 1829,

World War II: Photographs - North Africa & Europe
The bloodiest conflict in history, World War II consumed the globe from 1939 to 1945. World war II was fought predominantly in Europe and across the Pacific

World War II: Black Christmas in Hong Kong
December 25, 1941 - Following the Battle of Hong Kong, British troops are forced to surrender the colony to the Japanese (right). Despite Japanese advances

American Revolution: Triumph at Trenton
December 26, 1776 - Troops under Gen. George Washington win the Battle of Trenton (right). Having been beaten in the battles for New York City, Washington

French & Indian/Seven Years' War: 1760-1763
Ably defending Hanover, the Duke of Brunswick (right) beat the French at Warburg in 1760, and triumphed again at Villinghausen a year later. To the east,

American Civil War: Meade Born
December 31, 1815 - Future Maj. Gen. George G. Meade is born at Cadiz, Spain. Graduating from West Point in 1835, Meade briefly saw service in Florida

French & Indian War: James Wolfe Born
January 2, 1727 - Maj. Gen. James Wolfe is born in Kent. Following his father into the military at age 13, Wolfe saw extensive action on the Continent

French & Indian/Seven Years' War: Aftermath - An Empire Gained, An Empire Lost
Having sustained repeated defeats, France began to sue for peace in late 1762. As most participants were suffering from financial crises due to the cost of

Napoleonic Wars: Wellington Wins at Waterloo
Returning from exile in Elba, Napoleon quickly rebuilt his army in the spring 1815. Seeking a quick victory to consolidate his return to power, he moved

World War II: The Avro Lancaster First Flies
January 9, 1941 - The Avro Lancaster (right) flies for the first time. Derived from the unsuccessful Avro Manchester medium bomber, the Lancaster entered

The Gulf War - 20th Anniversary
January 17, 1991 - Coalition aircraft (right) begin offensive operations against Iraq during the Gulf War. The Gulf War began on August 2, 1990 when Saddam

Polish–Lithuanian–Teutonic War: Teutonic Knights Beaten at Grunwald
In response to Lithuanian support for a rebellion in Samogitia, the Teutonic Knights went to war with the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and the Kingdom of Poland in

American Civil War: Frémont Born
January 21, 1813 - Future explorer, senator, and presidential candidate Major General John C. Frémont (right) is born. Raised in Savannah, GA, Frémont

World War II: MacArthur Born
January 26, 1880 - Future Gen. Douglas MacArthur (right) is born at Little Rock, AR. One of the most famous and controversial American soldiers of the 20th

Mahdist War: "Chinese" Gordon Born
January 28, 1833 - Major General Charles Gordon (right) is born at Woolwich, London. Commissioned into the Royal Engineers in 1852, Gordon saw service

World War II: Victory at Stalingrad
February 2, 1943- German troops surrender ending the Battle of Stalingrad (right). In the summer of 1942, German forces began offensive operations across

World War II: Douglas TBD Devastator
Often dubbed a failure due to its brief World War II service, the Douglas TBD Devastator was a revolutionary aircraft at the time of its introduction.

Napoleonic Wars: Duckworth Born
February 9, 1747 - Admiral Sir John Duckworth (right) is born. The son of a vicar, Duckworth briefly attended Eton before being encouraged to join the

World War II: Dresden Destroyed
February 13-15, 1945 - Allied aircraft conduct the Bombing of Dresden. Though checked at the Battle of the Bulge in the west and with the Soviets pressing

American Civil War: Hancock Born
February 14, 1824 - Maj. Gen. Winfield S. Hancock (right) is born in Pennsylvania. Named for War of 1812 commander Winfield Scott, Hancock graduated from

American Revolution: Baron von Steuben Arrives
February 23, 1778 - Baron Friedrich von Steuben (right) arrives at Valley Forge.  Born in 1730, von Steuben entered the Prussian Army at age sixteen. 

American Revolution: The Swamp Fox Dies
February 26, 1795 - Brigadier General Francis Marion (right) dies in South Carolina.  Born around 1732, Marion first saw military service during the French

US Navy: Disaster Aboard USS Princeton
February 28, 1844 - The massive Peacemaker gun explodes (right) aboard USS Princeton.  Designed by Swedish inventor John Ericsson, Princeton was the US

World War I: Treaty of Brest-Litovsk Signed
March 3, 1918 - The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk (right) is signed taking Russia out of World War I.  After a nearly a year of turmoil in Russia, the Bolsheviks

Age of Sail: Admiral Howe Born
March 8, 1726 - Future Admiral Richard Howe, 1st Earl Howe (right) is born at London.  The brother of noted generals George and William Howe, Richard

American Civil War: It Ends at Appomattox
April 9, 1865 - Gen. Robert E. Lee surrenders to Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Court House.  Forced from Petersburg on April 2, Lee retreated west

Anglo-Spanish War: Drake Circles the Globe
April 4, 1581 - Francis Drake (right) is knighted aboard Golden Hind after circumnavigating the globe. During the voyage, Drake sailed further south than

French Intervention in Mexico: Mexicans Win on Cinco de Mayo!
May 5, 1862 - Mexican troops are victorious at the Battle of Puebla (right). After retreating in the face of advancing French troops, General Ignacio

American Civil War: Rosecrans Born
March 10, 1819 - Future Major General William Rosecrans (right) is born.  Graduating from West Point in 1842, Rosecrans saw service with the Corps of

World War II: Kharkov Falls
March 15, 1943 - The Third Battle of Kharkov (right) ends in a German victory.  Having won the Battle of Stalingrad, Soviet forces launched several

Words From War: Age of Sail - Ship Types
We continue our Words from War series with a look at several type of warships used during the Age of Sail: Ship of the Line Frigate (right) Sloop

World War II: Cunningham Wins at Cape Matapan
March 27-29, 1941 - Adm. Andrew Cunningham (left) wins the Battle of Cape Matapan.  Born in 1883, Cunningham embarked on a naval career at the age of ten. 

US Army: Colt M1911 Pistol Adopted
March 29, 1911 - The US Army formally adopts the Colt M1911 pistol (right) as its standard sidearm.  In the 1890s the US Army began seeking a new

American Civil War: A.P. Hill Killed at Petersburg
April 2, 1865 - Lt. Gen. Ambrose Powell Hill (right) is killed in the final actions at Petersburg.  Born at Culpepper, VA in 1825, Hill entered West Point in

Cold War: Lockheed C-5 Galaxy
Designed to replace the C-133 Cargomaster and complement the new C-141 Starlifter, the Lockheed C-5 Galaxy (right) began development in 1961.  Moving

World War II: The Battle for Berlin Begins
April 16, 1945 - Soviet troops open the Battle of Berlin (right).  Attacking across the Oder River on April 16, Soviet forces endured four days of heavy

Cold War: Saab 37 Viggen
The Saab 37 Viggen entered service in 1971 as Sweden's newest attack aircraft.  As with the earlier Saab 35 Draken, the Viggen featured a radical

World War II: The Sten Gun
During the early days of World War II, the British Army purchased large numbers of Thompson submachine guns from the United States under Lend-Lease. As

World War I/II: Pétain Born
April 24, 1851 - Marshal Philippe Pétain (right) is born at Cauchy-à-la-Tour, France.  The son of a farmer, Pétain entered the French Army in 1876.  His

American Civil War: Grant Born
April 27, 1822 - Gen. Ulysses S. Grant (right) is born at Point Pleasant, OH.  Graduating from West Point in 1843, Grant was a middling student and was

Vietnam War: Fall of Saigon
The Fall of Saigon took place on April 30, 1975, when North Vietnamese troops captured the city. The Fall of Saigon marked an end to the Vietnam War and saw the country reunited under Communist rule. During the Fall of Saigon, US aircraft conducted a massive airlift to remove personnel and friendly civilians.

World War II: Corregidor Falls
The Battle of Corregidor was the final battle of the 1941-1942 defense of the Philippines during World War II.

Cold War: Harrier Introduced
A groundbreaking aircraft, the development of the Harrier began in the mid-1950s as engineers started to discuss the possibility of creating an engine with

The Korean War: A Forgotten Conflict
The Korean War was fought between 1950 and 1953 between South Korea and United Nations forces and North Korea and China. The Korean War began when North Korea invaded its neighbor in June 1950. Over the next three years, the Korean War saw both sides fight up and down the peninsula until an armistice took effect in July 1953.

American Revolution: Charleston Falls
The Siege of Charleston was fought March 29 to May 12, 1780, during the American Revolution. Landing near Charleston, British forces under Gen. Sir Henry Clinton laid siege to the city. The Siege of Charleston ended in a British victory when Maj. Gen. Benjamin Lincoln was forced to surrender.

World War II: Guderian Dies
Heinz Guderian was a notable German commander during World War II. A pioneer of armored warfare, Heinz Guderian developed and advocated the theory of blitzkrieg. Heinz Guderian saw service against Poland, France, and on the Eastern Front before moving through several staff positions.

World War I: Lawrence of Arabia Killed
T.E. Lawrence, a.k.a. Lawrence of Arabia was a noted British officer during World War I. Assigned to aid the Arab Revolt, T.E. Lawrence became renown for his combat leadership and strategic planning. T.E. Lawrence earned international fame for his exploits and was key to the revolt's success.

War of the Pacific: Prat Killed at Iquique
Arturo Prat was noted Chilean naval officer who saw extensive service during the 19th century. Arturo Prat took part in naval actions against Spain and later against Peru in the War of the Pacific. While commanding the corvette Esmeralda, Arturo Prat was killed at the 1879 Battle of Iquique.

French & Indian War: Fort Niagara Falls
Fort Niagara was a key French post during the French & Indian War. The Battle of Fort Niagara began on July 6, 1759 when British troops laid siege to the post. Fort Niagara surrendered twenty days later after a relief force was beaten at the Battle of La Belle-Famille.

World War II: Breaking Out from Normandy
Operation Cobra was conducted from July 25 to 31, 1944, during World War II. Operation Cobra saw Allied forces concentrate for a breakout from the Normandy beachhead. Breaking through the German lines, Operation Cobra led to maneuver warfare in northern France and the creation of the Falaise Pocket.

Seven Years' War: Battle of Plassey
June 23, 1757 - 4,400 soldiers of the British East India Company defeat 50,000 men under Nawab Siraj Ud Daulah of Bengal at the Battle of Plassey. Fought

World War II: Operation Barbarossa Begins
We continue our overview of World War II with a look at the fighting on the Eastern Front. The largest front of the war, the Eastern Front saw brutal

Pequot War: Massacre Along the Mystic
The Pequot War was fought from 1634 to 1638 in present-day New England. The Pequot War saw colonists in Massachusetts Bay, Plymouth, Connecticut, and their Native American allies battle the Pequot tribe. After several battles, the Pequots were defeated and the war ended.

World War II: HMS Hood Sunk
HMS Hood was a noted battlescruiser that entered service with the Royal Navy in 1920. HMS Hood was the pride of the British fleet for much of the interwar period and later took part in the 1940 attack on the French fleet at Mers-el-Kebir. HMS Hood was sunk by the German battleship Bismarck during the Battle of the Denmark Strait in May 1941.

American Civil War: Beauregard Born
General P.G.T. Beauregard was a Confederate commander during the Civil War. General Beauregard earned early fame for the capture of Fort Sumter and victory at the First Battle of Bull Run. After being defeated at Shiloh, the difficult to work with General Beauregard moved through a series of secondary commands.

The Spanish-American War: "A splendid little war"
The Spanish-American War was fought in 1898 and saw the United States win a quick victory. The Spanish-American War began after the sinking of USS Maine and a campaign against Spanish atrocities in Cuba. During the Spanish-American War, the United States successfully invaded the Philippines, Puerto Rico, and Cuba.

Civil War 150th: The Philippi Races
The Battle of Philippi was fought June 3, 1861, during the early days of the Civil War. Advancing into western Virginia Union forces attacked a Conderate force at Philippi. In the resulting Battle of Philippi, they routed the enemy and the engagement became known as the

Cold War: F-104 Collides with the XB-70
The Lockheed F-104 Starfighter was developed in the 1950s as an interceptor for the US Air Force. Though the Lockheed F-104 Starfighter's USAF career was short, it was used extensively by by reserve forces and foreign air forces. Sold in large numbers to the Luftwaffe, the F-104 Starfighter's poor safety record caused scandals as did bribes associated with its sale.

Cold War: First Ballistic Missile Submarine Launched
USS George Washington (SSBN-598) was the United States' first ballistic missile submarine. Launched in 1959, USS George Washington served in a nuclear deterrent role until 1982. For the last three years of its career, USS George Washington served as an attack submarine.

World War II: "The Most Dangerous Man in Europe" Born
Otto Skorzeny was a noted German commando leader during World War II. Otto Skorzeny conducted the rescue of Benito Mussolini in 1943 and later played a key role in the Battle of the Bulge. After the war, Otto Skorzeny worked with ODESSA and as a security consultant.

England: Edward I Born
edward i, england, kings, eleanor of castile, longshanks, hammer of the scots, william wallace, crusades, henry iii, edward ii, scotland, wales, barons war, the great cause, roger bigod, constitutional crisis, battle of falkirk, robert the bruce, margaret, maid of norway, john balliol, robert de brus, lord of annandale, earl of fife, france, flanders, prince of wales, rebellions, llywelyn ap gruffudd

World War II: America's Most Decorated World War II Soldier Born
Audie Murphy was the most decorated America soldier of World War II. Achieving the rank of first lieutenant, Audie Murphy received 33 decorations for his service in Europe. Audie Murphy won the Medal of Honor for his actions at Holtzwihr, France and later became a movie star.

Great Sioux War: Custer's Last Stand
The Battle of the Little Bighorn was fought June 25-26, 1876 during the Great Sioux War. Also known as

American Revolution: Charleston Saved by Fort Sullivan
The Battle of Sullivan's Island was fought June 28, 1776, during the American Revolution. Attacking Charleston, SC, the Battle of Sullivan's Island saw British naval forces bombard Fort Sullivan while troops attempted to assault it from the north. The Battle of Sullivan's Island resulted in an American victory and the British withdrew.

World War II: Anti-Hitler Beck Born
Colonel General Ludwig Beck was a German commander who served as chief of the general staff in the years before World War II. Ludwig Beck opposed Hitler's desire to go to war and resigned in August 1938. Continueing to oppose Hitler, Ludwig Beck was a player in the July 20 Plot.