Military History Sitemap - Page 5 2016-09-26

Battle of Lissa - Third Italian War Battle of Lissa
Meeting at the Battle of Lissa on July 20, 1866, the Austrian fleet of Admiral Wilhelm von Tegetthoff defeated the Italian squadron of Count Carlo di Persano. The first major naval battle to feature fleets consisting of ironclads and steamers, the Battle of Lissa saw the Austrians sink two Italian ships using a mix of gunfire and ramming.

Battle of Prestonpans - Jacobite Rising Battle of Prestonpans - Bonnie Prince Charlie
The Battle of Prestonpans was fought September 21, 1745, during the Forty-Five. Meeting raw government troops, the Jacobites engaged and defeated the enemy at Prestonpans. The Jacobites won after flanking the enemy and using a Highland charge.

G4M Betty - Mitsubishi - World War II - Bombers
The Mitsubishi G4M Betty was a Japanese medium bomber that saw service during World War II. Entering use in 1941, the G4M Betty participated in many of the key campaigns in the Pacific. The G4M Betty lacked self-sealing fuel tanks and earned the nickname

Battle of Rennell Island - World War II - Guadalcanal Campaign
The Battle of Rennell Island was fought January 29-30, 1943, during World War II. The final naval engagement of the Guadalcanal Campaign, the Battle of Rennell Island saw Japanese aircraft attack American naval forces. In the resulting fight near Rennell Island, the US Navy lost a heavy cruiser and had one destroyer badly damaged.

SPAD S.VII - World War I SPAD S.VII Fighter
A sturdy, rugged fighter, the SPAD S.VII saw service during World War I. Introduced in 1916, the SPAD S.VII proved to be a stable gun platform and was the first in a long line of SPAD fighters. In May 1917, the French Aviation Militaire began replacing the SPAD S.VII with the more advanced SPAD S.XIII.

AIM-54 Phoenix - US Navy AIM-54 Phoenix Missle
Developed in the 1960s, the AIM-54 Phoenix missile was the US Navy's first long-range missile. Designed to operate with the AWG-9 radar, the AIM-54 was carried aboard the US Navy's F-14 Tomcats and was largely meant to serve in a fleet defense role. The AIM-54 was retired from service in September 2004.

Battle of the Standard - Battle of the Standard David II
The Battle of the Standard occurred August 22, 1138, in northern England. Invading England in support of his niece Matilda's claim to the throne, David also sought territorial gains. Encountering an English army led by William of Aumale, David was beaten at the Battle of the Standard and forced to withdraw to Carlisle.

Battle of Edgecote - Wars of the Roses Battle of Edgecote
The Battle of Edgecote was fought July 26, 1469, during the Wars of the Roses. An early battle during the second period of unrest during the Wars of the Roses, Edgecote saw a rebel force encounter the Earl of Pembroke. In the resulting Battle of Edgecote, Pembroke was defeated.

Neville's Cross - Battle of Neville's Cross
The Battle of Neville's Cross was fought October 17, 1346, during the Second War of Scottish Independence. Advancing south, David II of Scotland sought to support French campaigns during the Hundred Years' War. Encountering English troops at Neville's Cross, the Scots were defeated and David captured.

Battle of Evesham - Second Baron's War, Prince Edward, and Evesham
The Battle of Eveham was fought August 4, 1265, during the Second Baron's War. Having been defeated earlier at Lewes, royal forces regrouped under the leadership of Prince Edward and marched against the rebels at Evesham. In the resulting Battle of Evesham, the rebels were routed and their leaders killed.

Battle of Powick Bridge - English Civil War - Royalists and Parliamentarians
The Battle of Powick Bridge was fought September 23, 1642, during the English Civil War. Operating near Powick Bridge, Parliamentarian and Royalist cavalry clashed. In the fighting at the Battle of Powick Bridge, the Royalists won a clear victory.

HMS Warrior - Royal Navy Ironclad HMS Warrior
HMS Warrior was the first iron-hulled, armored warship built for the Royal Navy. Built at London, HMS Warrior immediately made every warship in the world obselete. In addition, Warrior laid the foundation for the naval arms race that would dominate the next half century.

G3M - Mitsubishi G3M Nell World War II
The Mitsubishi G3M

Battle of Otterburn - Anglo-Scottish Wars Battle of Otterburn
Clashing on August 9 (or 15), 1388, Scottish forces defeat Henry

Battle of Northampton - Wars of the Roses Battle of Northampton
Fought during the early years of the Wars of the Roses, the Battle of Northampton saw the Earl of Warwick and his Yorkist forces defeat the Lancastrians under King Henry VI and the Duke of Buckingham. Fought on July 10, 1460, the battle lasted around thirty minutes and was decided when Lord Grey of Ruthin and his command defected to the Yorkist cause.

Civil War in the West - Western Theater of the Civil War - American Civil War in the West
The American Civil War in the West between 1863 and 1865 was dominated by the Union. Following a defeat at Chickamauga, Union troops in the West advanced capturing Atlanta and Savannah, before marching north into the Carolinas where the Civil War in the West ended at Durham Station.

Civil War in the West - Western Theater of the Civil War - American Civil War in the West
The American Civil War in the West between 1863 and 1865 was dominated by the Union. Following a defeat at Chickamauga, Union troops in the West advanced capturing Atlanta and Savannah, before marching north into the Carolinas where the Civil War in the West ended at Durham Station. Page 2.

Top 5 World War I Battles
Of the thousands of battles fought during the World War I, these are five that everyone should know.

Battle of Rhode Island - American Revolution
The Battle of Rhode Island was fought August 29, 1778, during the American Revolution. Moving against British forces at Newport, the Battle of Rhode Island was an early attempt at Franco-American cooperation. In the fighting at the Battle of Rhode Island, the British won a strategic victory.

George Sykes - Civil War - Major General - US Army
Major General George Sykes was a Union commander during the American Civil War. A West Point graduate, George Sykes saw service during the Mexican-American War and later led the US Regulars during the early days of the Civil War. George Sykes led the Union V Corps during the Battle of Gettysburg but was later reassigned to the Department of Kansas.

Battle of Monocacy - Civil War - Lew Wallace - Jubal Early
The Battle of Monocacy was fought July 9, 1864, during the American Civil War. Advancing from the Shenandoah Valley, Confederate forces moving to threaten Washington, DC encountered a Union blocking force at the Battle of Monocacy. Though overwhelmed at the Battle of Monocacy, the Union defenders stalled the enemy advance for a day allowing reinforcements to reach the capital.

Colonel Christopher Greene - American Revolution
Colonel Christopher Greene was an American officer during the American Revolution who successfully defended Fort Mercer in 1777 and later fought in the Battle of Rhode Island.

Top 5 American Revolution Battles
Of the hundreds of battles fought during the American Revolution, these are five that everyone should know.

Battle of Hatteras Inlet Batteries - Civil War - US Navy
The Battle of Hatteras Inlet Batteries was fought August 28-29, 1861, during the Civil War. Sailing south, Union forces opened the Battle of Hatteras Inlet with the goal of hampering Confederate naval operations and tightening the blockade. The Battle of Hatteras Inlet Batteries saw Forts Hatteras and Clark captured and was a Union victory.

USS Indiana - BB-58 - World War II - Battleship
USS Indiana (BB-58) was a South Dakota-class battleship that entered service in 1942. Serving in the Pacific during World War II, USS Indiana saw extensive service fighting the Japanese.

Battle of Kennesaw Mountain - Civil War - William Sherman
The Battle of Kennesaw Mountain was fought June 27, 1864, during the American Civil War. Advancing through northern Georgia, Major General William T. Sherman attacked Confederate forces at the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain. In the fighting at the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain, he troops were badly repulsed.

Vietnam War: North American F-100 Super Sabre
The North American F-100 Super Sabre was fighter developed for the US Air Force. Entering service in 1954, the F-100 Super Sabre was later adapted as a fighter-bomber. The F-100 Super Sabre later saw service during the Vietnam War.

USS Massachusetts - BB-59 - World War II - Battleship
USS Massachusetts was a South Dakota-class battleship that entered commission in 1942 and saw widespread service during World War II.

Battle of Charleroi - World War I
The Battle of Charleroi was fought on August 21-23, 1914, along the Sambre River during the opening campaign of World War I and saw French forces driven back by the Germans.

USS Oklahoma - BB-37 - World War II - Pearl Harbor
USS Oklahoma (BB-37) was a Nevada-class battleship that entered service in 1916. Following World War I, USS Oklahoma saw service with both the Atlantic and Pacific Fleets. At Pearl Harbor on December 7, USS Oklahoma was sunk during the Japanese attack

USS New Mexico - BB-40 - World War II - Battleship
USS New Mexico (BB-40) was the lead ship of its class of battleship. Entering service in 1918, USS New Mexico later saw extensive service in World War II. Operating in the Pacific, USS New Mexico took part in numerous engagements.

USS Hancock - CV-19 - World War II Aircraft Carrier
USS Hancock (CV-19) was an Essex-class aircraft carrier that served in the US Navy during World War II and the Vietnam War.

USS West Virginia (BB-48) - World War II Battleships
USS West Virginia (BB-48) was a Colorado-class battleship that entered service in 1923. Sunk at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, USS West Virginia was re-floated, repaired, and modernized. Rejoining the fleet, USS West Virginia took part in the later campaigns in the Pacific.

USS Maryland (BB-46) - World War II Battleship
USS Maryland (BB-46) was a Colorado-class battleship that entered service in 1921. Present at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, USS Maryland sustained damage but returned to take part in campaigns across the Pacific during World War II.

USS Alabama - BB-60 - World War II - Battleship
USS Alabama (BB-60) was a South Dakota-class battleship that entered service in 1942 and fought in multiple theaters of World War II.

USS South Dakota - BB-57 - World War II Battleship
USS South Dakota (BB-57) was the lead ship of its class of battleships. Commissioned in 1942, USS South Dakota saw extensive service in the Pacific during World War II. Thought sunk by the Japanese several times, USS South Dakota earned the nickname Battleship X.

Battle of Gettysburg - East Cavalry Fight - Civil War
The East Cavalry Fight at the Battle of Gettysburg saw Union and Confederate horsemen clash on July 3, 1863, with the former winning the field.

Top Five Civil War Battles
Of the hundreds of battles fought during the American Civil War, these are five that everyone should know.

Confederate States at Battle of Gettysburg - Confederate Troops By State at the Battle of Gettysburg - Maryland Monuments at the Battle of Gettysburg
During the Battle of Gettysburg the Army of Northern Virginia consisted of troops from twelve states. While Virginia, Georgia, and North Carolina contributed the most, troops from as far west as Texas took part in the fighting. During the Battle of Gettysburg this force suffered 23,231 casualties. Page 6.

Confederate States at Battle of Gettysburg - Confederate Troops By State at the Battle of Gettysburg - Mississippi Monuments at Battle of Gettysburg
During the Battle of Gettysburg the Army of Northern Virginia consisted of troops from twelve states. While Virginia, Georgia, and North Carolina contributed the most, troops from as far west as Texas took part in the fighting. During the Battle of Gettysburg this force suffered 23,231 casualties. Page 7.

Confederate States at Battle of Gettysburg - Confederate Troops By State at Battle of Gettysburg - North Carolina Monuments at Battle of Gettysburg
During the Battle of Gettysburg the Army of Northern Virginia consisted of troops from twelve states. While Virginia, Georgia, and North Carolina contributed the most, troops from as far west as Texas took part in the fighting. During the Battle of Gettysburg this force suffered 23,231 casualties. Page 8.

Confederate States at Battle of Gettysburg - Confederate Troops By State at Battle of Gettysburg - South Carolina Monuments at Battle of Gettysburg
During the Battle of Gettysburg the Army of Northern Virginia consisted of troops from twelve states. While Virginia, Georgia, and North Carolina contributed the most, troops from as far west as Texas took part in the fighting. During the Battle of Gettysburg this force suffered 23,231 casualties. Page 9.

Confederate States at Battle of Gettysburg - Confederate Troops By State at the Battle of Gettysburg - Tennessee Monuments at the Battle of Gettysburg
During the Battle of Gettysburg the Army of Northern Virginia consisted of troops from twelve states. While Virginia, Georgia, and North Carolina contributed the most, troops from as far west as Texas took part in the fighting. During the Battle of Gettysburg this force suffered 23,231 casualties. Page 10.

Confederate States at Battle of Gettysburg - Confederate Troops By State at the Battle of Gettysburg - Texas State Monuments at Battle of Gettysburg
During the Battle of Gettysburg the Army of Northern Virginia consisted of troops from twelve states. While Virginia, Georgia, and North Carolina contributed the most, troops from as far west as Texas took part in the fighting. During the Battle of Gettysburg this force suffered 23,231 casualties. Page 11.

Confederate States at Battle of Gettysburg - Confederate Troops By State at the Battle of Gettysburg - Virginia Monuments at the Battle of Gettysburg
During the Battle of Gettysburg the Army of Northern Virginia consisted of troops from twelve states. While Virginia, Georgia, and North Carolina contributed the most, troops from as far west as Texas took part in the fighting. During the Battle of Gettysburg this force suffered 23,231 casualties. Page 12.

Confederate States at Battle of Gettysburg - Confederate Troops By State at the Battle of Gettysburg - Alabama Monument at the Battle of Gettysburg
During the Battle of Gettysburg the Army of Northern Virginia consisted of troops from twelve states. While Virginia, Georgia, and North Carolina contributed the most, troops from as far west as Texas took part in the fighting. During the Battle of Gettysburg this force suffered 23,231 casualties.

Confederate States at Battle of Gettysburg - Confederate Troops By State at the Battle of Gettysburg - Arkansas Monuments at the Battle of Gettysburg
During the Battle of Gettysburg the Army of Northern Virginia consisted of troops from twelve states. While Virginia, Georgia, and North Carolina contributed the most, troops from as far west as Texas took part in the fighting. During the Battle of Gettysburg this force suffered 23,231 casualties. Page 2.

Confederate States at Battle of Gettysburg - Confederate Troops By State at the Battle of Gettysburg - Florida Monuments at the Battle of Gettysburg
During the Battle of Gettysburg the Army of Northern Virginia consisted of troops from twelve states. While Virginia, Georgia, and North Carolina contributed the most, troops from as far west as Texas took part in the fighting. During the Battle of Gettysburg this force suffered 23,231 casualties. Page 3.

Confederate States at Battle of Gettysburg - Confederate Troops By State at the Battle of Gettysburg - Georgia Monuments at the Battle of Gettysburg
During the Battle of Gettysburg the Army of Northern Virginia consisted of troops from twelve states. While Virginia, Georgia, and North Carolina contributed the most, troops from as far west as Texas took part in the fighting. During the Battle of Gettysburg this force suffered 23,231 casualties. Page 4.

Confederate States at Battle of Gettysburg - Confederate Troops By State at the Battle of Gettysburg - Louisiana Monuments at the Battle of Gettysburg
During the Battle of Gettysburg the Army of Northern Virginia consisted of troops from twelve states. While Virginia, Georgia, and North Carolina contributed the most, troops from as far west as Texas took part in the fighting. During the Battle of Gettysburg this force suffered 23,231 casualties. Page 5.

Battle of Leuthen - Frederick the Great Battle of Leuthen
The Battle of Leuthen was fought December 5, 1757, between Prussia and Austria. Fought near Leuthen, Frederick the Great outmaneuvered the Austrians and attacked their flank. The resulting rout made Leuthen Frederick's masterpiece.

Henry Clinton - American Revolution General
General Sir Henry Clinton was a key British commander during the American Revolution. Initially serving under Gen. William Howe, Clinton became the British commander-in-chief in 1778. Leading British troops until 1782, Clinton oversaw the final British defeat in North America.

American Revolution - George Rogers Clark
Brigadier General George Rogers Clark was an American leader during the American Revolution. Campaigning in the Old Northwest, Clark won key victories over the British at Kaskaskia and Vincennes. Clark's victories helped ensure that the United States received the region during peace negotiations.

James Wolfe - Major General During the French & Indian War
Major General James Wolfe was a notable British commander during the French & Indian War. James Wolfe saw extensive service in Europe before taking part in the Siege of Louisbourg in 1758. Given independent command, James Wolfe attacked Quebec and was killed during the 1759 Battle of Quebec.

Alfred Pleasonton - Civil War - Army of the Potomac - Cavalry
Major General Alfred Pleasonton was a Union cavalry commander during the Civil War. Taking command of the Army of the Potomac's Cavalry Corps in 1863, Alfred Pleasonton led it during the Battle of Brandy Station and the Gettysburg Campaign. Alfred Pleasonton finished the war leading Union forces in Missouri.

Major General George Stoneman - American Civil War
Major General George Stoneman was a Union cavalry commander during the American Civil War who led several major raids and was captured in 1864.

Robert the Bruce - King Robert the Bruce
Robert the Bruce ruled as King of Scotland from 1306 to 1329. One of the great warrior-kings, Robert the Bruce was instrumental in securing Scotland's independence. Robert the Bruce's greatest victory in this cause came at the Battle of Bannockburn in 1314.

Edward I - King Edward I
Edward I was a renowned warrior and King of England. Ruling from 1272 to 1307, Edward I crusaded in his youth and took part in numerous campaigns against Wales and Scotland. Edward I was known as Edward Longshanks for his height and as

Edward III - King Edward III of England - Hundred Years' War
King Edward III of England assumed the throne in 1327, he reasserted royal authority after the weak reign of his father, Edward II. Turning England into an effective military power, Edward III led the nation into the Hundred Years' War. Winning numerous victories, Edward conquered large parts of France.

George Pickett: American Civil War General
Major General George Pickett was a Confederate commander in the Army of Northern Virginia. George Pickett is best remembered for Pickett's Charge during the Battle of Gettysburg in July 1863. In the war's final days, Pickett was defeated at the Battle of Five Forks.

Earl Van Dorn - American Civil War - Major General
Major General Earl Van Dorn was a Confederate commander during the American Civil War. A veteran of the Mexican-American War, Earl Van Dorn served in the Western Theater of the Civil War and suffered defeats at Pea Ridge and Corinth. A noted womanizer, Earl Van Dorn was murdered by a jealous husband in 1863.

General William Tecumseh Sherman - Civil War
William Tecumseh Sherman was a key Union general during the Civil War. Rising to prominence under Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, Sherman served as an effective corps commander before being given overall command in the West. Capturing Atlanta in 1864, William Sherman conducted a scorched earth march to Savannah.

William Sherman - Civil War William Tecumseh Sherman
William Tecumseh Sherman was a key Union general during the Civil War. Rising to prominence under Gen. Ulysses S. Grant, Sherman served as an effective corps commander before being given overall command in the West. Capturing Atlanta in 1864, William Sherman conducted a scorched earth march to Savannah. Page 2.

Edmund Kirby Smith - Civil War - General - Confederate
General Edmund Kirby Smith was a Confederate commander during the American Civil War. A West Point graduate and Mexican-American War veteran, Edmund Kirby Smith was wounded at First Bull Run and later took part in the invasion of Kentucky. For the final three years of the Civil War, Edmund Kirby Smith commanded the Trans-Mississippi Department.

John C. Pemberton - Civil War - Siege of Vicksburg
Lieutenant General John C. Pemberton was a Confederate commander during the Civil War. Though northern by birth, John C. Pemberton elected to serve the Confederacy and oversaw Southern forces during the Siege of Vicksburg. After surrendering the city, John C. Pemberton was exchanged but failed to secure another major command during the war.

John Singleton Mosby - American Civil War John Singleton Mosby Confederate Raider
Colonel John Singleton Mosby was a noted Confederate cavalryman and partisen ranger during the American Civil War. Enlisting in the Confederate army, Mosby was quickly noted as a skilled leader and swiftly rose through the ranks. Given command of a partisen ranger unit, John Singlton Mosby became renowed for daring lightning attacks on Union forces.

American Civil War - General P.G.T. Beauregard
General P.G.T. Beauregard was a Confederate commander during the Civil War. General Beauregard earned early fame for the capture of Fort Sumter and victory at the First Battle of Bull Run. After being defeated at Shiloh, the difficult to work with General Beauregard moved through a series of secondary commands.

John M. Schofield - Civil War General
Lieutenant General John M. Schofield was a Union officer that rose to prominence during the Civil War and later served as commanding general of the US Army and Secretary of War.

Horatio Wright - American Civil War - Major General
Major General Horatio Wright was a Union commander during the American Civil War. Born in Connecticut, Horatio Wright graduated from West Point and ascended to lead the Union VI Corps. After the war, Horatio Wright later served as Chief of the Corps of Engineers.

William Rosecrans - General William Rosecrans - Civil War - Army of the Cumberland
Major General William S. Rosecrans was a Union commander that saw extensive service in the Western Theater of the Civil War. Given command of the Army of the Cumberland, William Rosecrans fought at Stones River before conducting the brilliant Tullahoma Campaign which took Chattanooga. William Rosecrans' reputation was shattered when he was badly beaten at the Battle of Chickamauga and fled the field.

John Sedgwick - Major General - Civil War - Union
Major General John Sedgwick was a Union corps commander during the Civil War. A native of Connecticut, John Sedgwick saw service during the Mexican-American and quickly moved up the ranks during the Civil War. Leading the Union VI Corps in 1863 and 1864, John Sedgwick was killed by a sharpshooter at the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House.

American Civil War: Major General John F. Reynolds
Major General John Reynolds was a Union leader during the Civil War. A veteran of the Mexican-American War, John Reynolds saw action during the Sevens Days Battles, Second Manassas, Fredericksburg, and the Chancellorsville. Leadin the Union I Corps, John Reynolds was killed during the first day of the Battle of Gettysburg.

Fitz John Porter - Civil War - Major General
Major General Fitz John Porter was a Union commander during the American Civil War. Serving in the Army of the Potomac, Fitz John Porter took part in the campaigns of 1862. Later that year, Fitz John Porter was court-martialed for his actions at the Second Battle of Manassas.

John Pope - Civil War - Major General John Pope
Major General John Pope was a Union commander during the Civil War. A West Point graduate, John Pope saw action during the Mexican-American War and later had success in the West during the opening months of the Civil War. Brought east, John Pope was badly defeated at the Second Battle of Manassas in August 1862 and as a result was removed from command.

David Beatty - World War I - Royal Navy - Battle of Jutland
Admiral of the Fleet Sir David Beatty led the British Grand Fleet during the second half of World War I. A rising star in the Royal Navy, he was youngest admiral since Horatio Nelson. A key player in World War I, he commanded British forces at the Heligoland Bight and Dogger Bank, as well as led the battlecruisers at Jutland.

George McClellan - Union Civil War General
George McClellan was a Union general during the Civil War who organized the Army of the Potomac. Leading it during the Peninsula Campaign, McClellan was defeated by Gen. Robert E. Lee. Again leading the army at Antietam, McClellan failed to win a decisive victory and his slow pursuit of the enemy led to his removal.

George McClellan - Civil War General George McClellan
George McClellan was a Union general during the Civil War who organized the Army of the Potomac. Leading it during the Peninsula Campaign, McClellan was defeated by Gen. Robert E. Lee. Again leading the army at Antietam, McClellan failed to win a decisive victory and his slow pursuit of the enemy led to his removal. Page 2.

James McPherson - Civil War James McPherson - Army of the Tennessee
Major General James McPherson was a Union commander during the Civil War. Serving in the West with Major General Ulysses Grant, James McPherson rapidly rose through the ranks and commanded a corps during the Vicksburg Campaign. Given command of the Army of the Tennesse in 1864, James McPherson led it until his death at the Battle of Atlanta on July 22, 1864.

Joseph Joffre - World War I - French General
Marshal Joseph Joffre was a French commander during World War I. Overseeing the victory at the First Battle of the Marne, Joseph Joffre served as command-in-chief of the French Army. Replaced in 1916, Joseph Joffre still received the title of Marshal of France.

Major General Gideon J. Pillow - American Civil War
Major General Gideon J. Pillow was a veteran of the Mexican-American War who later served in the Confederate Army and saw action in several early engagements in the Western Theater.

Don Carlos Buell - Civil War - Union Army
Major General Don Carlos Buell was Union commander during the Civil War. A native of Ohio, Don Carlos Buell saw service during the Mexican-American War and was appointed a brigadier general following the beginning of the Civil War. Leading the Army of the Ohio, Don Carlos Buell saw action at Shiloh, Perryville, and during the Siege of Corinth.

Edward Canby - Civil War - Union General
Major General Edward Canby was a Union commander during the American Civil War. Gaining fame for his efforts in New Mexico, Edward Canby later directed the campaign against Mobile, AL. Edward Canby was killed in 1873 while negotiating with the Modocs.

John Fremont - John C. Fremont - Civil War - Valley Campaign
Major General John C. Frémont was a Union commander during the Civil War. A noteworthy explorer before the war, John C. Frémont was the Republican Party's first presidential candidate. During the Civil War, he was beaten by Stonewall Jackson in the Shenandoah Valley.

Battle of Cambrai - World War I - Western Front - Tanks
The Battle of Cambrai was fought November 20-December 6, 1917, and saw British forces make the first successful use of tanks. Attacking towards Cambrai, the British initially made great gains causing the Germans to consider abandoning the town. Bringing reserves to Cambrai, German counterattacks recovered almost all of the lost ground.

War of 1812: Lieutenant General Sir George Prévost
Lieutenant General Sir George Prevost was a British commander who oversaw the defense of Canada during the War of 1812.

James S. Wadsworth - Civl War - Brigadier General
Brigadier General James S. Wadsworth was noted New Yorker who served as a division commander in the Army of the Potomac during the American Civil War and played a key role at the Battle of Gettysburg.

Edward Vernon - Admiral Vernon - Royal Navy - Old Grog
Admiral Edward Vernon was a noted commander in the Royal Navy during the 18th century. Edward Vernon earned fame for his service in the Caribbean during the Wars of Jenkins' Ear and the Austrian Succession. One of Edward Vernon's lasting contributions was the invention of grog, a rum-water drink that has long been consumed by the Royal Navy's sailors.

Crimean War: Battle of Balaclava - Charge of the Light Brigade
The Battle of Balaclava was fought October 25, 1854, during the Crimean War. Seeking to capture the British base at Balaclava, Russian forces attacked into the area. This was halted by British and French forces and included the famed Charge of the Light Brigade.

World War II: Grumman TBF Avenger
The Grumman TBF Avenger was the US Navy's principal torpedo bomber during World War II. Entering service in 1942, the Avenger first saw combat at the Battle of Midway. The TBF Avenger served throughout the war and saw service with several nations.

Battle of Cooch's Bridge - American Revolution
The Battle of Cooch's Bridge was fought September 3, 1777, during the American Revolution and saw American forces skirmish with the British in Delaware as General Sir William Howe advanced on Philadelphia.

Arnold Expedition - American Revolution
The Arnold Expedition took place in September to November 1775 and saw Colonel Benedict Arnold lead an invasion of Canada up the Kennebec River.

Major General George Crook - Civil War & Indian Wars
Major General George Crook was a noted Union commander during the American Civil War and the Indian Wars.

Battle of Westport - American Civil War
The Battle of Westport was fought October 23, 1864, and saw Union forces under Major General Samuel R. Curtis defeat a Confederate army in Missouri led by Major General Sterling Price.

Benjamin Cheatham - Civil War
Major General Benjamin Cheatham was a noted Confederate commander during the American Civil War who saw extensive service in the Western Theater.

Battle of Mill Springs - Civil War Battle of Mill Springs
The Battle of Mill Springs was an early Union victory during the Civil War. Fought on January 19, 1862, along the Cumberland River in Kentucky, the Battle of Mill Springs saw Brig. Gen. George Thomas rout a Confederate force under Maj. Gen. George Crittenden. The victory at Mill Springs broke the Confederate line in eastern Kentucky.

Penobscot Expedition - American Revolution
The Penobscot Expedition took place in July and August 1779 during the American Revolution and was a failed attempt by American forces to expel the British from Maine.

Siege of Fort St. Jean - American Revolution - Siege of Fort St. John - Revolutionary War
The Siege of Fort St. Jean was fought in the fall of 1775 during the American Revolution. Pushing north into Canada, American forces laid siege to Fort St. Jean and captured it after several weeks. The success at the Siege of Fort St. Jean opened the way for the American invasion of Canada.

Son Tay Raid During the Vietnam War
The Raid on Son Tay was an attempt by US Special Forces to liberate American prisoners of war during the Vietnam War. Flying from Thailand, the raiders successfully captured the POW camp at Son Tay, however all of the prisoners had been moved to a different camp a few months earlier. Though no one was liberated, the mission was deemed a

Harpers Ferry Raid - The Harpers Ferry Raid John Brown
John Brown, a radical abolitionist attacked the arsenal at Harpers Ferry, VA on October 16, 1859. Hoping to incite and arm a massive slave revolt, Brown and his men entered the arsenal but were soon trapped. After a brief standoff, US Marines stormed Brown's position and captured him and his men.

World War II: Grumman F8F Bearcat
The Grumman F8F Bearcat was a US Navy fighter designed during World War II which arrived too late to see combat but represented the final evolution of the service's piston-engine fighters.

World War II: Messerschmitt Bf 109 Aircraft Profile
A stalwart of the Luftwaffe during World War II, the Messerschmitt Bf 109 saw service for the duration of the conflict. Introduced in 1937, the Bf 109 first saw combat during the Spanish Civil War. Due to the longevity of its career, it was the most produced fighter aircraft in history.

Brigadier General Robert H. Milroy - American Civil War
Brigadier General Robert H. Milroy was a Union commander during the American Civil War who fought in the Shenandoah Valley.

Major General Franz Sigel - American Civil War
Major General Franz Sigel was a German-American commander during the American Civil War who saw service in the West and in Virginia.

World War II: Consolidated PBY Catalina
The Consolidated PBY Catalina was one of the most widely used seaplanes of World War II and saw employment as a reconnaissance, patrol, search and rescue, and attack aircraft.

Brigadier General Nathaniel Lyon - American Civil War
Brigadier General Nathaniel Lyon as a Union commander during the early months of the Civil War who played a key role in operations in Missouri before being killed at the Battle of Wilson's Creek.

Montana-class Battleships - US Navy - World War II
The Montana-class of battleship (BB-67 to BB-71) was designed beginning in 1939 to be the US Navy's largest and most powerful ships of this type. The Montana-class was suspended and cancelled in the early years of World War II as aircraft carrier construction took a higher priority.

Texas Revolution: Battle of Gonzales
The Battle of Gonzales was the opening action of the Texas Revolution. Fought on October 2, 1835, the Battle of Gonzales occurred when Mexican troops tried to seize a cannon from the residents of Gonzales. In the fight that resulted, Mexican troops were forced to retreat.

Billy Bishop - World War I Ace
WIlliam

Brewster F2A Buffalo - World War II Fighter
The F2A Brewster Buffalo was an American fighter that saw service in the early months of World War II. A poor performer, the F2A Brewster Buffalo was soon withdrawn after taking heavy losses though had some success with foreign air forces.

World War II: Field Marshal Sir Harold Alexander
Field Marshal Harold Alexander was a top British commander during World War II. A veteran of World War I, Harold Alexander led troops in France, Burma, North Africa, and Italy during World War II. For his efforts, Harold Alexander was elevated to the peerage as Earl Alexander of Tunis.

World War II: Yalta Conference
The Yalta Conference was held February 4-11, 1945, and was the last wartime meeting between Franklin Roosevelt, Winston Churchill, and Joseph Stalin. Meeting at the Black Sea resort of Yalta, the conference addressed many issues pertaining to the postwar world including the occupation of Germany, Soviet intervention against Japan, and the borders of Poland.

Battle of Paulus Hook - American Revolution
The Battle of Paulus Hook was fought August 19, 1779, during the American Revolution and saw Major Henry

USS Bon Homme Richard (CV-31) - Vietnam War
USS Bon Homme Richard (CV-31) was an Essex-class aircraft carrier that served in the US Navy during World War II, Korea, and the Vietnam War.

World War II: Colonel General Heinz Guderian
Heinz Guderian was a notable German commander during World War II. A pioneer of armored warfare, Heinz Guderian developed and advocated the theory of blitzkrieg. Heinz Guderian saw service against Poland, France, and on the Eastern Front before moving through several staff positions.

Saladin's Siege of Jerusalem - Military History
Lasting from September 20 to October 2, 1187, the Siege of Jerusalem saw Saladin retake the city from Christian forces. Led by Balian of Ibelin, the defenders fought desperately to keep the city, but were ultimately overwhelmed by Saladin's army. After several days of fighting, Balian negotiated its surrender and the Christians were allowed to peacefully leave the city.

Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery - Biographical Profile
Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery was a noted British commander during World War II. Taking command of Eighth Army in 1942, he won a critical victory at El Alamein before successfully leading it across North Africa, then across to Sicily and Italy. Commanding Allied forces in Western Europe, Montgomery masterminded Operation Market-Garden and fought until the end of the war.

Meuse-Argonne Offensive - World War I
Commencing on September 26, 1918, the Meuse-Argonne Offensive saw American forces attack the German lines with the goal of taking Sedan. Breaking through after a series of bloody assaults, American troops forced the Germans to withdraw. The Meuse-Argonne Offensive ended with the Germans agreeing to an armistice on November 11.

Mexican Revolution Battle of Veracruz
The Occupation of Veracruz began on April 21, 1914, when US Marines and naval forces came ashore in response to the Tampico Affair. Landing, American forces fought a brief battle in Veracruz before taking control of the city. The occupation of Veracruz ended on November 23, 1914, following mediation.

General George Marshall - US Army Chief of Staff in WWII
General George Marshall saw service during both World War I and World War II. Becoming Army Chief of Staff on September 1, 1939, George Marshall coordinated American and Allied efforts during World War and was referred to the

Battle of Narva - Great Northern War Battle of Narva
The Battle of Narva was fought on November 30, 1700 between Sweden and Russia. An early battle of the Great Northern War, Narva saw a smaller Swedish army under King Charles XII attack during a blizzard. In the resulting fighting near Narva, the Swedes routed the enemy.

War in Afghanistan: Battle of Tora Bora
Fought December 12-17,2001,in Afghanistan.Coalition troops attacked the Tora Bora cave system in the hope of capturing Osama bin Laden.

World War II German Panther Medium Tank
The Panther medium tank entered service with the Wehrmacht in mid-1943. Possessing an excellent blend of firepower, armor, and speed, the Panther was one of the finest tanks produced during World War II. Used until the end of the conflict, the Panther strongly influenced postwar tank designs.

First Battle of St. Albans - Wars of the Roses - St. Albans
The First Battle of St. Albans was fought May 22, 1455, and was the first major battle of the Wars of the Roses. Advancing on London, the Duke of York was confronted by royal troops at St. Albans. After a series of failed negotiations, he initiated the First Battle of St. Albans during which he defeated Henry VI's forces and captured the king.

USS Hartford - David Farragut - Civil War - US Navy
USS Hartford was a screw sloop of war that saw extensive service during the Civil War. Flagship of Adm. David Farragut, USS Hartford took part in the capture of New Orleans, operations on the Mississippi River, and the Battle of Mobile Bay. Retained after the war, USS Hartford remained in the US Navy until 1956.

Spring Hill - Battle of Spring Hill - Civil War - Franklin-Nashville Campaign - John Bell Hood
The Battle of Spring Hill was fought November 29, 1864, during the American Civil War. The Battle of Spring Hill resulted when the Army of Tennessee attacked a Union force under Maj. Gen. John Schofield which was retreating towards Nashville. Due to a series of errors during the battle, the Union troops were able to escape north to Franklin.

Battle of Franklin - Civil War Battle of Franklin - John Bell Hood
The Battle of Franklin saw the Confederate Army of Tennessee frontally assault two Union corps under Maj. Gen. John Schofield. Fought on November 30, 1864, the Battle of Franklin resulted in a bloody defeat for Hood. In the fighting at Franklin, six Confederate generals were killed or mortally wounded.

Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress - World War II Bomber
The B-17 Flying Fortress was a key American heavy bomber during World War II. Developed by Boeing, the B-17 entered service in 1938, and was used in all theaters of the war. During the course of the war, B-17s dropped 640,000 tons of bombs on Germany.

B-17 - B-17 Flying Fortress Bomber
The B-17 Flying Fortress was a key American heavy bomber during World War II. Developed by Boeing, the B-17 entered service in 1938, and was used in all theaters of the war. During the course of the war, B-17s dropped 640,000 tons of bombs on Germany. Page 2.

Major General Edward "Allegheny" Johnson - American Civil War
Major General Edward

Battle of the Thames - William Henry Harrison
The Battle of the Thames was fought October 5, 1813, during the War of 1812. Advancing into Canada after the Battle of Lake Erie, American forces met the British and Native Americans at the Battle of the Thames. In the fighting at the Battle of the Thames, American forces won a decisive victory and killed Tecumseh.

Siege of Fort Meigs - War of 1812
The Siege of Fort Meigs took place April 28 to May 9, 1813 during the War of 1812 and saw the American garrison successfully hold the post which was located in northwest Ohio.

Brigadier General Francis Marion (The Swamp Fox)
American Revolution Brigadier General Francis Marion a.k.a.The Swamp Fox

Henry "Light Horse Harry" Lee - American Revolution
Henry

World War II: Scharnhorst
The battleship/battlecruiser Scharnhorst was a German capital ship that entered service in 1939 and saw service in World War II including the invasion of Norway, the

The Battle of Chancellorsville - Civil War
The Battle of Chancellorsville saw Union Maj. Gen. Joseph Hooker attempt to turn the Confederates out of their position near Fredericksburg. Chancellorsville was fought May 1-6, 1863, and saw Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee win his most stunning victory. Badly outnumbered, Lee split his army in two and drove Hooker back across the Rappahannock River.

Battle of Harpers Ferry - American Civil War - Stonewall Jackson
The Battle of Harpers Ferry was fought September 12-15, 1862, during the American Civil War. Surrounding the town, the Battle of Harpers Ferry saw Maj. Gen. Thomas

Battle of the Crater - American Civil War
The Battle of the Crater was the result of Union efforts to win the Siege of Petersburg. Beginning in June 1864, Union forces began tunneling under the Confederate lines. Filling the mine with explosives, they detonated them on July 30 opening the battle. Attacking through the crater formed by the explosion, Union forces were defeated and driven back to their lines.

Battle of the North Cape - World War II - Scharnhorst
The Battle of the North Cape was fought December 26, 1943, during World War II. Seeking to attack Allied convoys, the German battlecruiser Scharnhorst was brought to action at the Battle of the North Cape. Overwhelmed by a larger British force near Norway's North Cape, Scharnhorst was sunk.

Battle of Salamanca - Peninsular War Battle of Salamanca
The Battle of Salamanca occurred on July 22, 1812, when troops under the Earl of Wellington attacked a French army led by Marshal Auguste Marmont. Fought south of Salamanca, the battle saw Wellington conduct a series of successful assaults on the enemy. Winning a stunning victory, Wellington was able to advance on Madrid.

USS San Jacinto (CVL-30) - World War II
USS San Jacinto (CVL-30) was the last Independence-class aircraft carrier built for the US Navy and took part in the Pacific campaigns of the World War II.

War of 1812 - War of 1812 History 1814
The War of 1812 continued in 1814 with a new campaign along the Niagara frontier which saw American forces have some success. To the east, the Americans repulsed a British thrust down Lake Champlain. Attacking up the Chesapeake, the British burned Washington DC before being turned back at Baltimore by Fort McHenry. Page 3.

War of 1812 - War of 1812 History 1814
The War of 1812 continued in 1814 with a new campaign along the Niagara frontier which saw American forces have some success. To the east, the Americans repulsed a British thrust down Lake Champlain. Attacking up the Chesapeake, the British burned Washington DC before being turned back at Baltimore by Fort McHenry.

War of 1812 - War of 1812 History 1814
The War of 1812 continued in 1814 with a new campaign along the Niagara frontier which saw American forces have some success. To the east, the Americans repulsed a British thrust down Lake Champlain. Attacking up the Chesapeake, the British burned Washington DC before being turned back at Baltimore by Fort McHenry. Page 2.

Siege of Fort Erie - War of 1812
The Siege of Fort Erie was conducted August 4 to September 21, 1814, during the War of 1812 and saw American forces successfully defend the post from the British.

Battle of Chippawa - War of 1812 Battle of Chippawa
The Battle of Chippawa occurred on July 5, 1814, during the War of 1812. Advancing into Canada, American forces led by Major General Jacob Brown encountered British troops near Chippawa Creek. In the resulting fight, the Americans, led by Brigadier General Winfield Scott, forced the British from the field.

War of 1812: Battle of Queenston Heights
The Battle of Queenston Heights was fought October 13, 1812, and was an early engagement of the War of 1812. Crossing at Queenston Heights, American forces sought to invade Canada. The resulting battle saw the disorganized Americans beaten by a smaller British force and those on Queenston Heights forced to surrender.

USS Bataan (CVL-29) - World War II
USS Bataan (CVL-29) was an Independence-class aircraft carrier that entered service in 1943 and took part in both World War II and the Korean War.

The American Civil War - A Short History
The Civil War was fought between 1861 and 1865, and was the bloodiest conflict in American history. Pitting North against South, the Civil War had lasting repucussions that are still felt today. This overview will provide a brief history of the Civil War.

Commodore John Paul Jones - Revolutionary War Leaders
Born in Scotland, John Paul Jones served as a merchant captain before coming to America in 1773. Joining the new Continental Navy, Jones distinguished himself in a number of commands including as captain of USS Ranger. Given command of Bonhomme Richard in 1779, Jones captured the British frigate HMS Serapis. Known for his fighting spirit, he is considered one of the fathers of the US Navy.

Major General Zachary Taylor - A Military Profile
Major General Zachary Taylor earned famed for his service during the Mexican-American War when he won victories at Palo Alto, Resaca de la Palma, Monterrey, and Buena Vista. Zachary Taylor was a veteran of the War of 1812, Black Hawk War, and the Second Seminole War. In 1848, Zachary Taylor was elected President of the United States and died in office two years later.

Nathaniel Banks - Civil War - Major General - Union
Major General Nathaniel P. Banks was a Union commander during the Civil War. The governor of Massachusetts before the war, Nathaniel Banks saw service during the Valley Campaign of 1862 and later led the successful Siege of Port Hudson. Nathaniel Banks later oversaw the unsuccessful Red River Campaign.

First Battle of Winchester - American Civil War
The First Battle of Winchester was fought May 25, 1862, during the American Civil War and saw Major General Nathaniel Banks overwhelmed by Major General Thomas

World War II: Battle of Caen - Operation Goodwood
The Battle of Caen was fought June 6 to July 20, 1944, during World War II. Beginning on D-Day, the Battle of Caen saw British forces battle the Germans for control of the city of Caen. After extensive, bitter fighting, Caen fell as the Allies broke out of Normandy.

Battle of Antietam - American Civil War
The Battle of Antietam was fought September 17, 1862, during Lee's Invasion of Maryland. Battling near Sharpsburg, MD and Antietam Creek, Maj. Gen. George McClellan won a strategic victory but failed to destroy the Confederate army. The Battle of Antietam provided Pres. Abraham Lincoln the opportunity to issue the Emancipation Proclamation.

Major General Alpheus S. Williams - American Civil War
Major General Alpheus S. Williams was a Union commander during the American Civil War who served with distinction in both the Eastern and Western Theaters.

Operation Hailstone - World War II Attack on Truk
Operation Hailstone was conducted on February 16-17, 1944, during World War II and saw American aircraft mount a devastating series of raids against the Japanese fleet anchorage at Truk.

USS Monterey (CVL-26) - World War II
USS Monterey (CVL-26) was an Independence-class light aircraft carrier that saw extensive service in the Pacific during World War II and later served as a training carrier.

Admiral Jesse B. Oldendorf - World War II
Admiral Jesse B. Oldendorf was an American commander in the Pacific during World War II who led Allied forces to victory at the Battle of Surigao Strait.

USS Pennsylvania - BB-38 - Battleships - World War II
USS Pennsylvania (BB-38) was a Pennsylvania-class battleship that entered the US Navy in 1916 and saw service during World War I and World War II. USS Pennsylvania was present during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, and later saw service across the Pacific. USS Pennsylvania took part in the Operation Crossroads testing at Bikini Atoll in 1946.

USS Colorado (BB-45) - World War II Battleships
USS Colorado (BB-45) was the lead ship of its class of battleship and entered service in 1923. Undergoing an overhaul when the United States entered World War II, USS Colorado later saw extensive service against the Japanese in the Pacific.

Battle of Eniwetok - World War II
The Battle of Eniwetok was fought February 17-23, 1944, during World War II and saw American forces secure a foothold in the Marshall Islands.

Grumman F6F Hellcat - World War II Fighters
The Grumman F6F Hellcat entered service in 1943 as a replacement for the F4F Wildcat. Designed to combat the Japanese A6M Zero, the F6F Hellcat was a rugged fighter that proved superior to its opponents. Flying through the end of the war, the F6F Hellcat amassed an impressive service record.

Battle of Okinawa - World War II History
The Battle of Okinawa was fought April 1 to June 22, 1945, during World War II. Landing on Okinawa, Allied forces met fierce resistance from the Japanese defenders. Lasting nearly three months, the Battle of Okinawa ended with Allied troops capturing the island.

Battle of Langport - English Civil War Battle of Langport
The Battle of Langport was fought July 10, 1645, during the English Civil War. Advancing after the Battle of Naseby, the New Model Army sought to destroy the last Royalist field army. Engaging Lord Goring at the Battle of Langport, the Parliamentarians won a victory.

Bushy Run - Battle of Bushy Run
The Battle of Bushy Run was fought August 5-6, 1763, during Pontiac's Rebellion. Advancing with a relief convoy for Fort Pitt, Col. Henry Bouquet's men were attacked by Native Americans near Bushy Run. In the resulting Battle of Bushy Run the British succeeded in repelling the Native American assaults.

USS Wasp - CV-18 - World War II - Aircraft Carrier - US Navy
USS Wasp (CV-18) was an Essex-class aircraft carrier built for the US Navy. Entering service in 1943, USS Wasp saw extensive service in the Pacific during World War II. Remaining in use until 1972, USS Wasp served as a recovery ship for three Gemini space flights.

A-6 Intruder - Grumman - US Navy - Vietnam War - Gulf War
The Grumman A-6 Intruder was a carrier-based attack aircraft developed for the US Navy in the early 1960s. Seeing service during the Vietnam War, the A-6 Intruder was known for its range and payload capability. The A-6 Intruder took part in the Gulf War in 1991 before being retired six years later.

First Battle of Kernstown - Civil War - Valley Campaign - Stonewall Jackson
The First Battle of Kernstown was fought March 23, 1862, during the American Civil War. The opening engagement of Maj. Gen. Thomas

Battle of Peleliu World War II
The Battle of Peleliu was fought from September 15 to November 27, 1944, during World War II. The Battle of Peleliu saw American forces land and face heavy Japanese resistance. After several weeks of bloody fighting, they won the Battle of Peleliu.

Second Seminole War, 1835-1842
Fought between the United States and Native Americans in Florida. When the U.S. won, many Native Americans were relocated west.

Admiral Sir Bertram Ramsay - World War II Profile
Admiral Sir Bertram Ramsay was a British naval commander during World War II. Bertram Ramsay came to prominence for overseeing the Dunkirk Evacuation in 1940. In the years after, Bertram Ramsay played a key role in planning and executing amphibious operations in North Africa, Sicily, and Normandy.

Admiral John Fisher - Royal Navy - World War I - Jackie Fisher
Admiral of the Fleet John

Battle of Minden - Seven Years' War - Duke of Brunswick
The Battle of Minden was fought August 1, 1759, during the Seven Years' War. The Battle of Minden saw Allied forces attempt to defend Hanover from the French. In the fighting at the Battle of Minden, the Duke of Brunswick and the Allies won a key victory.

Battle of New Orleans - History of the War of 1812
The Battle of New Orleans was fought between December 23, 1814 and January 8, 1815. Unaware that peace had been concluded at Ghent, British forces moved forward to capture New Orleans. In several battles around the city, American troops, under Major General Andrew Jackson succeeded in defending the city.

Battle of Valverde - Civil War Battle
The Battle of Valverde was fought February 20-21, 1862 in the New Mexico Territory. Marching north, Brig Gen. Henry Sibley sought to capture Union-held Fort Craig. Moving around the fort to cut its supply lines, he encountered Union forces under Col. Edward Canby. In the resulting Battle of Valverde, Sibley forced Canby to retreat by took heavy losses.

Battle of Greece (April 1941) - World War II
The Battle of Greece opened on April 6, 1941, when German troops attacked Allied forces in Greece. Beginning as the Greco-Italian War, the Battle of Greece initially saw Greek forces hold off the Italians. Coming to Italy's aid, Germany took over the conflict and won a swift victory. Despite triumphing in the Battle of Greece, the operation fatally delayed their invasion of the Soviet Union.

Battle of York (April 27, 1813) - War of 1812
The Battle of York was fought April 27, 1813, during the War of 1812. Sailing across Lake Ontario, American forces landed and captured York, Canada. Defeating British forces in the Battle of York, they burned the town before withdrawing back to Sackets Harbor, NY.

A Biography of Civil War General Stonewall Jackson
Lt. General Thomas

First Crusade: Siege of Antioch
June 3, 1098 - After an eight-month siege, the city of Antioch (right) falls to the Christian army of the First Crusade. Arriving at the city on October

World War I: Battle of Amiens (1914-1918)
The 1918 Battle of Amiens was an opening battle of the Allies' Hundred Days' Offensive. Attacking east of Amiens, Allied forces gained over seven miles on the first day. The Battle of Amiens was a decisive victory for the Allies and saw a return to mobile warfare.

World War II: Battle of Saipan - Marianas
The Battle of Saipan was fought June 15 to July 9, 1944, during World War II. Advancing to the Marianas, American forces opened the Battle of Saipan by landing on the island's west coast. In several weeks of heavy fighting, American troops won the Battle of Saipan having destroyed the Japanese garrison.

Francis Barlow - Civil War - Major General
Major General Francis C. Barlow was a Union commander during the America Civil War. Wounded at the Battle of Gettysburg, Francis Barlow later recovered and returned to the Army of the Potomac. Francis Barlow led a division in II Corps for the remainder of the war.

Brigadier General Adolph von Steinwehr - American Civil War
Brigadier General Adolph von Steinwehr was a German-American officer who served with the Union during the American Civil War and took part in the fighting in both the Eastern and Western Theaters.

French and Indian War: Siege of Fort William Henry, 1757
The Siege of Fort William Henry took place in August 1757 during the French and Indian War and saw the Marquis de Montcalm force the garrison to surrender.

Battle of Peachtree Creek - Civil War - Atlanta Campaign
The Battle of Peachtree Creek was fought July 20, 1864, during the American Civil War. Part of the Atlanta Campaign, the Battle of Peachtree Creek saw Confederate forces attack Major General William T. Sherman's men. Repulsed at Peachtree Creek, the Confederates fell back before striking at the Battle of Atlanta two days later.

Major General John Newton - American Civil War
Major General John Newton was a Union officer during the Civil War who saw action in both the Eastern and Western Theaters of the conflict and held both division and corps commands.

USS Enterprise CV-6 World War II Aircraft Carrier
USS Enterprise (CV-6) was an American aircraft carrier during World War II. Entering service in 1938, USS Enterprise saw action throughout the war in the Pacific including the Battle of Midway. One of the most honored ships of the war, USS Enterprise earned 20 battle stars and the Presidential Unit Citation.

History of USS Bunker Hill World War II Aircraft Carrier
USS Bunker Hill (CV-17) was an Essex-class aircraft carrier that saw service during World War II. Serving in the Pacific, USS Bunker Hill took part in the Battle of the Philippine Sea and was part of the Fast Carrier Task Force. While operating off Okinawa, USS Bunker Hill was hit by two kamikazes which caused significant damage.

USS New Jersey - BB-62 - World War II - Battleship
USS New Jersey (BB-62) was an Iowa-class battleship that entered service in 1943 and saw service in World War II. Modernized, USS New Jersey later fought off Korea and Vietnam.

Marc Mitscher - World War II - Admiral - US Navy
Admiral Marc Mitscher was an American naval commander during World War II. A noted naval aviator, Marc Mitscher commanded several carriers and carrier groups during the conflict and took part in major battles such as Midway and the Philippine Sea. Leading the Fast Carrier Task Force late in the war, Marc Mitscher's aviators inflicted massive damage upon the Japanese.

Feudalism in the Middle Ages
Feudalism was a political system utlized in Europe during the Middle Ages.

Unrestricted Submarine Warfare - Definition & Examples
Unrestricted submarine warfare is an approach where submarines sink merchant ships without warning.

Immelmann Turn - Air Combat Immelmann Turn
The Immelmann Turn is a classic air combat maneuver named for World War I ace Max Immelmann.

USS Constitition - Frigate Constitution - War of 1812
USS Constitution was launched in 1797 and is the oldest commissioned warship in the US Navy. Earning fame during the War of 1812, USS Consititution defeated the British frigates Guerriere and Java. Known as

Doughboy - World War I - American Soldier
Definition of the term

Anti-Aircraft Artillery - AAA Anti-Aircraft Artillery
AAA is the abbreviation for anti-aircraft artillery.

US Navy: Chesapeake-Leopard Affair
USS Chesapeake was a US Navy frigate that was part of the 1807 Chesapeake-Leopard Affair and later captured by HMS Shannon during the War of 1812.

Battle of Najaf - Iraq War Battle of Najaf
The Battle of Najaf occurred between March 24 and April 4, 2003, during the Iraq War. Part of the invasion of Iraq, the battle saw American forces surround the city of Najaf after heavy fighting. With Najaf isolated, troops battled to clear it of Iraqi and insurgent forces.

World War II: Potsdam Conference and Agreement
The Potsdam Conference was held July 17 to August 2, 1945, during the final days of World War II. Meeting in Potsdam, Germany, the

Appeasement Munich Agreement - World War II History
The Munich Agreement was concluded on September 30, 1938, and saw the powers of Europe give in to Nazi Germany's demands for the Sudetenland. Meeting in Munich, British and French leaders elected to effectively cede part of Czechoslovakia rather than risk war. The Munich Agreement was part of a policy of appeasement which led Europe down the path to World War II.

Washington Naval Disarmament Treaty
The Washington Naval Treaty was signed on February 6, 1922, and dramatically limited the naval armaments of the United States, Britain, Japan, France, and Italy. As a result of the negotiations, the Washington Naval Treaty stipulated tonnage limitations on capital ships. The treaty led to many warships being scrapped and prevented the construction of other planned vessels.

World War I: Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk was signed March 3, 1918 and took Russia out of World War I. Following the revolution in Russia, the Bolsheviks sought an immediate end to hostilities with the Central Powers. By the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, the were able to exit the conflict, but lost large amounts of territory.

American Revolution - Treaty of Alliance (1778)
Providing French support during the American Revolution, the Treaty of Alliance was critical to the United States gaining independence.

Fabian Strategy: Wearing Down the Enemy
Fabian strategy is one where pitched battles are avoided in favor of harassment and waging a war of attrition. Pioneered by Quintus Fabius Maximus, Fabian strategy has been employed several times through history, most notably during the American Revolution.

World War II: The White Rose Resistance Group
The White Rose was a non-violent resistance group based in Munich during World War II. Comprised largely of University of Munich students, the White Rose published and distributed several pamphlets speaking out against Third Reich. The group was destroyed in 1943, when many of its key members were caught and executed.

World War II: The Liberty Ship Program
Liberty Ships were mass-produced cargo ships built during World War II to provide the Allies with much needed merchant tonnage. Designed to replace merchant ships lost to U-boat attacks, Liberty Ships were of a simple design that could be build quickly. Utilizing a variety of new and old technologies, Liberty Ships proved vital to the Allied war effort.

Korean War MiG-15 Communist Jet Fighter
The MiG-15 was a key Communist jet fighter during the Korean War. Designed by Artem Mikoyan and Mikhail Gurevich, the MiG-15 was designed for the Soviet Union and was one of the first swept wing jet fighters. Flying over North Korea, the MiG-15 routinely dueled American F-86 Sabres in

Vietnam War - Soviet MiG-21 Fishbed
The MiG-21 Fishbed was introduced in 1959, and became the world's most produced supersonic fighter. Flown by over fifty countries during its long career, the MiG-21 Fishbed saw extensive use during the Vietnam War and various conflicts in the Middle East. Some variants of the MiG-21 remain in service to this day.

F-35 Lightning II - Joint Strike Fighter - Lockheed
The F-35 Lightning II is result of the multi-nation Joint Strike Fighter program. Spearheaded by the United States and Great Britain, the F-35 will be both nations' next generation close air support, tactical bombing, and air-to-air aircraft. The F-35 Lightning II will also be built in a carrier version for use at sea.

B-2 Spirit - Stealth Bomber - US Air Force
The B-2 Spirit is a stealth bomber that entered service with the US Air Force in 1997. Developed during the Cold War, the B-2 Spirit was intended for penetrating Soviet defenses. Currently in service, the B-2 Spirit has been used in several conflicts including Kosovo and Afghanistan.

MiG-23 - MiG-23 Flogger - Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23
The MiG-23 Flogger was a fighter developed by the Soviet Union during the Cold War. Built by Mikoyan-Gurevich, the MiG-23 featured a variable-geometry wing and was staple of the Soviet Air Force. Exported widely, the MiG-23 has seen combat in numerous conflicts around the world.

MiG-17 - MiG-17 Fresco
The MiG-17 Fresco was a Soviet fighter developed during the Cold War. Flying for several Communist air forces, the MiG-17 saw extensive service during its career. The MiG-17 saw combat against American aircraft during the Vietnam War.

F-117 Nighthawk Stealth Fighter Profile & History
The Lockheed F-117 Nighthawk was the world's first operational stealth fighter. Designed by the Lockheed Skunk Works, the F-117 entered service in 1983, but remained secret for several years. The F-117 saw extensive service during the Gulf War and Kosovo War before being retired in 2008.

Lockheed U-2 Spy Plane
The Lockheed U-2 spy plane was developed in the 1950s by the Skunk Works at Lockheed. The U-2 is capable of extreme high altitude flight and has been used extensively as a surveillance aircraft as well as for research. The U-2 came to prominence when one was downed over the Soviet Union in 1960.

Military History of Lockheed F-104 Starfighter
The Lockheed F-104 Starfighter was developed in the 1950s as an interceptor for the US Air Force. Though the Lockheed F-104 Starfighter's USAF career was short, it was used extensively by by reserve forces and foreign air forces. Sold in large numbers to the Luftwaffe, the F-104 Starfighter's poor safety record caused scandals as did bribes associated with its sale.

Grumman F-14 Tomcat - US Navy Fleet Defender
The F-14 Tomcat entered service in 1972, as the US Navy's principal fleet defense fighter. Armed with a variety of missiles, the F-14 was intended to prevent long-range attacks against US carrier groups as well as perform air superiority roles. The F-14 later was adapted for air-to-ground attack prior to its retirement in 2006.

Ju 87 Stuka Dive Bomber - World War II Vehicles
The Junkers Ju 87 Stuka was a noted dive bomber used by the Luftwaffe during World War II. Entering service in 1936, the Ju 87 Stuka was a feared and effective weapon during the early years of the war. The Ju 87 Stuka fell out of favor later in the war as Allied fighters improved.

SB2C Helldiver - Curtiss SB2C Helldiver
The Curtiss SB2C Helldiver was a US Navy dive bomber used during World War II. The SB2C Helldiver experienced a variety of technical problems during its developemnt and after its introduction which led to a widespread dislike of the aircraft by crews. Despite these issues, the SB2C Helldiver saw extensive service during the last two years of the war.

World War II - Avro Lancaster Bomber
The Avro Lancaster was a bomber flown by the Royal Air Force during World War II. The Avro Lancaster entered service in 1942 and was used for the remainder of the conflict. The Lancaster was heavy bomber that was primarily used at night.

World War II: Northrop P-61 Black Widow
The Northrop P-61 Black Widow was a night fighter used during World War II. Developed for the US Army Air Forces, the Northrop P-61 Black Widow entered service in 1944. Used in most theaters, the Northrop P-61 Black Widow proved a highly effective aircraft.

World War II: Hawker Hurricane
The Hawker Hurricane entered service in 1937 and saw extensive service with the Royal Air Force. The Hawker Hurricane played a key role in the Battle of Britain and was key in defeating the Germans. Over 14,000 Hawker Hurricanes were built by 1944.

Heinkel 219 - World War II - Night Fighters - Luftwaffe
The Heinkel 219 Uhu was German night fighter developed during World War II. The first military aircraft equipped with ejection seats, the Heinkel 219 possessed a radar set and other advances. The Heinkel 219 proved effective, but was only availible in small numbers before the end of the war.

Focke-Wulf Fw 190 - World War II Focke-Wulf Fw 190
The Focke-Wulf Fw 190 was a German fighter of World War II. Introduced in 1941, the Focke-Wulf Fw 190 served the Luftwaffe for the remainder of the war. Suitable for a variety of roles, the Focke-Wulf Fw 190 saw extensive service and was updated several times during the war to maintain parity with the newer Allied fighters.

World War II - Curtiss P-40 Warhawk
The Curtiss P-40 Warhawk was an American-built fighter during World War II. Used by several Allied nations, the P-40 Warhawk saw service in most theaters of the conflict. The P-40 Warhawk was most famously used by the American Volunteer Group in China, also known as the Flying Tigers.

Bristol Beaufighter - World War II - Royal Air Force
The Bristol Beaufighter was a heavy fighter used by the Royal Air Force during World War II. A development of the Bristol Beaufort torpedo bomber, the Beaufighter saw widespread service in all theaters. During the conflict, the Bristol Beaufighter filled many roles including night fighter, fighter-bomber, and torpedo bomber.

P-39 Airacobra - Bell Aircraft - World War II
The Bell P-39 Airacobra was an Allied fighter aircraft during World War II. Entering service in 1941, the P-39 Airacobra saw service in most theaters of the war, but was hampered by the lack of an effective turbo-supercharger. The P-39 Airacobra was flown in large numbers by the Soviet Union who received the type via Lend-Lease.

Heinkel He 111 - Luftwaffe - World War II - Bombers
The Heinkel He 111 was a German bomber that saw widespread usage during World War II. Covertly designed in the 1930s, the Heinkel He 111 first saw service during the Spanish Civil War. With the beginning of World War II, the Heinkel flew on all fronts of the conflict in Europe and remained in service until 1945.

Fokker D.VII - German Fokker D.VII - World War I Fokker D.VII - Fokker D.VII Fighter
The Fokker D.VII was one of the finest fighters produced by the Germans during World War I. Superior to most Allied fighters, the Fokker D.VII led to a second

An Overview of Operation Allied Force in Kosovo
Operation Allied Force began in March 1999, following Yugoslavia's refusal end repression and violence in Kosovo. Flying from bases in Italy and the Adriatic Sea, NATO aircraft struck targets across Yugoslavia and Kosovo. On June 12, Operation Allied Force ended following Slobodan Milosevic's acceptence of an UN occupation of Kosovo.

Berlin Airlift and Blockade in the Cold War
The Berlin Airlift was the response of the Western Allies to the Soviet Union shutting down access to Berlin in June 1948. Flying from Allied occupation zones, the Berlin Airlift provided West Berlin with food, fuel, and supplies through the winter of 1948/1949. A massive effort, the Berlin Airlift forced the Soviets to end the blockade.

Operation Linebacker - The Bombing of North Vietnam
Operation Linebacker took place May 9 to October 23, 1973, during the Vietnam War. Operation Linebacker was an air campaign intended to interdict North Vietnamese troops and supplies during the Easter Offensive. The bombing campaign during Operation Linebacker forced the North Vietnamese to return to the peace talks.

World War II Bomber Command Dambuster Raids
The Dambuster Raids were conducted May 17, 1943, against several dams in Germany. Utilizing special bombs the RAF succeeded in breaching the dams.

World War II: The Doolittle Raid
The Doolittle Raid was launched on April 18, 1942, and was the first Allied attack to strike the Japanese homeland. Flying B-25 bombers from USS Hornet, the Doolittle raiders struck targets in Tokyo and other cities. While the Doolittle Raid did little physical damage, it provided a significant boost to American morale.

Spanish Civil War: Bombing of Guernica
The Bombing of Guernica occurred on April 26, 1937, during the Spanish Civil War. Taking off, planes of the German Condor Legion attacked the city of Guernica in support of Nationalist troops. Striking Guernica, the planes caused heavy civilian casualties.