Military History Sitemap - Page 5 2014-11-26

World War II: Potsdam Conference and Agreement
The Potsdam Conference was held July 17 to August 2, 1945, during the final days of World War II. Meeting in Potsdam, Germany, the

Battle of Austerlitz - Napoleonic Wars
The Battle of Austerlitz was one of Napoleon Bonaparte's greatest victories. Fought on December 2, 1805, Austerlitz is also known as the Battle of the Three Emperors as Russian and Austrian forces were led by Tsar Alexander I and Emperor Francis II. The French victory at Austerlitz ended the War of the Third Coalition and led to the Austrians signing the Treaty of Pressburg

Second Battle of Ypres 1915 - World War I
The Second Battle of Ypres was fought April 22 to May 25, 1915 during World War I. Releasing poison gas, German forces attacked Allied positions with the goal of reducing the Ypres salient. In the resulting Second Battle of Ypres, the Allies gave ground but were able to hold the town.

Robert the Bruce at the Battle of Bannockburn
Fought near Stirling Castle, the Battle of Bannockburn was the decisive battle of the First War of Scottish Independence. Occurring in 1314, Bannockburn saw the outnumbered forces of Robert the Bruce inflict a devastating defeat on the English led by Edward II. The victory at Bannockburn secured Bruce's position as king of Scotland and paved the way for recognition of the nation's independence.

Fall of Saigon - Vietnam War Fall of Saigon
The Fall of Saigon took place on April 30, 1975, when North Vietnamese troops captured the city. The Fall of Saigon marked an end to the Vietnam War and saw the country reunited under Communist rule. During the Fall of Saigon, US aircraft conducted a massive airlift to remove personnel and friendly civilians.

American Revolution: Battle of Long Island
Fought August 27-30, 1776, the Battle of Long Island saw the British force Gen. George Washington's army from Long Island. Occupying a line near Flatbush, the Americans were outflanked when British troops move through Jamaica Pass. Falling back, Washington waited two days before evacuating to Manhattan.

World War I: Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk was signed March 3, 1918 and took Russia out of World War I. Following the revolution in Russia, the Bolsheviks sought an immediate end to hostilities with the Central Powers. By the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, the were able to exit the conflict, but lost large amounts of territory.

American Revolution General Thomas Gage Biography
A veteran of the French & Indian War, General Thomas Gage commanded British forces in America during the opening days of the American Revolution. Appointed governor of Massachusetts in 1774, Gage's attempts to regain control of the colony led to the outbreak of fighting in April 1775. Later that year, Gage was recalled in favor of General William Howe.

World War II: Republic P-47 Thunderbolt
The P-47 Thunderbolt was a key Allied fighter and fighter-bomber during World War II. The P-47 Thunderbolt entered service in 1942, and the fighter saw service in both Europe and the Pacific. Nicknamed

Unrestricted Submarine Warfare - Definition & Examples
Unrestricted submarine warfare is an approach where submarines sink merchant ships without warning.

World War II - Georgy Zhukov Biography
Marshal Georgy Zhukov rose from peasant roots to command Soviet forces during World War II. Under his leadership, Red Army troops successfully defended Moscow and won victories at Stalingrad and Berlin. After the war, Zhukov remained a prominent figure in the Soviet military and later served as defense minister.

World War II: Second Battle of El Alamein
The Second Battle of El Alamein was the turning point of the Western Desert Campaign during World War II. Fought in northwestern Egypt from October 23-November 5, 1942, Second El Alamein saw British forces under Lt. Gen. Bernard Montgomery attack and break through Axis positions. As a result, Field Marshal Erwin Rommel was forced to retreat across North Africa.

Lockheed P-38 Lightning - World War II Aircraft
The P-38 Lightning entered service in 1941, and saw action with American forces for much of World War II. Known for its twin tail booms and single central nacelle, the P-38 was fast and durable. With its nose-mounted armament, the P-38 was favored by American aces such as Richard Bong and Thomas MacGuire.

Napoleonic Wars Battle of Waterloo 1815 - Duke of Wellington
The Battle of Waterloo was fought June 18, 1815 during the Napoleonic Wars. Waterloo was final battle of the conflict and occurred following Napoleon's return from Elba. The Battle of Waterloo saw the Duke of Wellington's army win a decisive victory which ultimately forced Napoleon's surrender.

Meuse-Argonne Offensive - World War I
Commencing on September 26, 1918, the Meuse-Argonne Offensive saw American forces attack the German lines with the goal of taking Sedan. Breaking through after a series of bloody assaults, American troops forced the Germans to withdraw. The Meuse-Argonne Offensive ended with the Germans agreeing to an armistice on November 11.

B-24 Liberator - World War II History
The Consolidated B-24 Liberator was one of the principal heavy bombers used by the US Army Air Force during World War II. First flying in late 1939, the B-24 Liberator saw extensive service during the war and was also used for maritime patrols. One of the B-24's most famous raids occured in 1943, when the aircraft struck the oil fields near Ploesti.

Battle of the Thames - William Henry Harrison
The Battle of the Thames was fought October 5, 1813, during the War of 1812. Advancing into Canada after the Battle of Lake Erie, American forces met the British and Native Americans at the Battle of the Thames. In the fighting at the Battle of the Thames, American forces won a decisive victory and killed Tecumseh.

The Battle of Kings Mountain 1780 - American Revolution
The Battle of Kings Mountain was fought October 7, 1780, in backwoods South Carolina. Arriving at Kings Mountain, Loyalist militia under Major Patrick Ferguson was attacked by American forces. Fighting on the slopes of Kings Mountain, the Americans were able to overwhelm and destroy Ferguson's command.

Operation Husky - The Allied Invasion of Sicily
Beginning in July 1943, Operation Husky was the Allied invasion of Sicily during World War II. Learn how about the campaign and its results.

Sturmgewehr 44 Assault Rifle - World War II Weaponry
The Sturmgewehr 44 was the first assault rifle to see deployment on a large scale. Developed by Nazi Germany, the Sturmgewehr 44 was introduced in 1943, and first saw service on the Eastern Front. Though far from perfect, the StG44 proved a versatile weapon for German forces.

Creek War: Battle of Horseshoe Bend
The Battle of Horseshoe Bend occurred on March 27, 1814, during the Creek War. Leading American forces, Maj. Gen. Andrew Jackson attacked the Red Sticks along the Tallapoosa River. In the fighting at Horseshoe Bend, the Red Sticks were defeated and the conflict effectively ended.

Banastre Tarleton (Bloody Ban) - American Revolution
One of the most vilified British commanders of the American Revolution, Banastre Tarleton was an able cavalryman who earned fame for his cruel and heartless tactics in the Southern theater of the war. In 1781, Banastre Tarleton was badly defeated at the Battle of Cowpens. Later serving in Parliament, Banastre Tarleton was known for his advocacy of the slave trade.

World War II: German Battleship Bismarck Info
DKM Bismarck was one of the most feared battleships constructed by Nazi Germany. Launched in 1939, Bismarck inspired such fear that when it first entered the Atlantic two years later the British devoted all of their resources to sinking it. After defeating HMS Hood, Bismarck was damaged by British aircraft and ultimately sunk on May 27, 1941.

American Revolution: Major General Henry Knox
Learn about Henry Know, who went from bookseller at the beginning of the American Revolution to serving as the United States' first secretary of war.

Vietnam War General William Westmoreland - Profile
General William Westmoreland is best remembered as the commander of US forces in Vietnam between 1964 and 1968. Lured into committing a large percentage of his forces to Khe Sanh, he was surprised by the North Vietnamese Tet Offensive. In June 1968, William Westmoreland left Vietnam to become US Army Chief of Staff and was replaced by Gen. Creighton Abrams.

Second Opium War: Overview and History
Fought between 1856 and 1860, the Second Opium War led to the further opening of China to foreign influence and contributed to the spread of imperialism. Led by Britain and France, Western forces were able to defeat the Chinese and gain significant concessions. The Second Opium War was ended by the Convention of Peking.

US Military: Colt M1911 Pistol
The Colt M1911 pistol was the standard sidearm of the US military from 1911 to 1985. Designed by John Browning, the M1911 fired a .45 ACP cartridge and became an iconic pistol. The M1911 was retired in 1985 when the US military transitioned to the Beretta 92 series.

Battle of Zama - Punic Wars History
The Battle of Zama was fought between Rome and Carthage in late October 202 BC. Clashing at Zama in North Africa, the army of Hannibal was defeated by the Romans led by Scipio Africanus. The defeat at the Battle of Zama forced the Carthaginians to sue for peace and ended the Second Punic War.

World War I: Battle of Passchendaele - Third Ypres
The Battle of Passchendaele, also known as the Third Battle of Ypres, was fought July to November 1917 during World War I. The Battle of Passchendaele saw Allied troops attack from the Ypres Salient with the goal of taking Passchendaele Ridge and wearing down the Germans. Though some ground was gained, the Battle of Passchendaele proved very costly for Allied forces.

Battle of Savannah - American Revolution
The Battle of Savannah was fought September 16 to October 18, 1779, during the Ameican Revolution. Captured by the British in 1778, Franco-American forces laid siege to Savannah a year later. Attacking at the Battle of Savannah in October, they were repulsed.

Gallic Wars: Battle of Alesia and Julius Caesar
The Battle of Alesia took place in the fall of 52 BC as Julius Caesar laid siege to the Mandubii settlement at Alesia in Gaul. Building an extensive set of fortifications around Alesia, Caesar beat off attacks from Vercingetorix's garrison as well as a relief army. The victory at Alesia effectively secured Gaul for Rome.

American Revolution: The Boston Massacre
The Boston Massacre took place on March 5, 1770, and helped lead to the American Revolution. The Boston Massacre saw a mob clash with British troops as part of a larger protest against taxation without representation. In the Boston Massacre, five civilians were killed.

American Revolution - George Rogers Clark
Brigadier General George Rogers Clark was an American leader during the American Revolution. Campaigning in the Old Northwest, Clark won key victories over the British at Kaskaskia and Vincennes. Clark's victories helped ensure that the United States received the region during peace negotiations.

World War II Supermarine Spitfire Profile
The Supermarine Spitfire was the iconic British fighter of World War II. With over 20,000 built, the Supermarine Spitfire saw action in all theaters of the war and proved a nimble and deadly aircraft.

Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Trafalgar
The Battle of Trafalgar was fought October 21, 1805, and was Vice Admiral Lord Horatio Nelson's final battle. Catching the French and Spanish fleets off Cape Trafalgar, Nelson won a decisive victory and captured 21 enemy ships. Though Trafalgar was a great truimph, Nelson was mortally wounded in the fighting.

Battle of Stirling Bridge - Scottish History
Fought in 1297, the Battle of Stirling Bridge was an early victory for the Scots over the English during the First War of Scottish Independence.

Revolutionary War: Major General Anthony Wayne
Major General Anthony Wayne was an American leader during the American Revolution. A bold field commander, Anthony Wayne saw service in many of the battles fought in the northeast. Returning to action in the 1790s, Anthony Wayne destroyed the Western Confederacy at the Battle of Fallen Timbers.

The Crusades and the Battle of Hattin
The Battle of Hattin was fought July 4, 1187, during the Crusades. Lured out of the Jerusalem defenses, a Crusader army was attacked by Saladin near the Horns of Hattin. In the resulting Battle of Hattin, the Crusaders were crushed.

Texas Revolution: Battle of San Jacinto 1836
Fought on April 21, 1836, the Battle of San Jacinto secured independence for the Republic of Texas. After retreating back the San Jacinto River, General Sam Houston turned and attacked a Mexican army led by Jose Lopez de Santa Anna. Yelling

Bridge at Remagen - World War II History
The Bridge at Remagen was the first Allied bridgehead over the Rhine River in the closing days of World War II.

Spanish Civil War: Bombing of Guernica
The Bombing of Guernica occurred on April 26, 1937, during the Spanish Civil War. Taking off, planes of the German Condor Legion attacked the city of Guernica in support of Nationalist troops. Striking Guernica, the planes caused heavy civilian casualties.

World War II: Boeing B-29 Superfortress
One of the largest aircraft to see service during World War II, the Boeing B-29 Superfortress was the last major addition to the US bomber fleet during the conflict. Easily recognized by its distinctive silhouette, the B-29 is best known as the aircraft that dropped the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

American Civil War: Battles of Fort Wagner
The Second Battle of Fort Wagner took place on July 18, 1863, during the American Civil War. Attacking Fort Wagner on Morris Island, SC, Union troops were led by the 54th Massachusetts, an unit of black troops. The Union assault on Fort Wagner was repulsed with heavy losses.

American Civil War: Surrender at Appomattox
Appomattox Court House was the site where the Army of Northern Virginia was forced to surrender on April 9, 1865. Retreating from Petersburg, the army reached Appomattox but was hemmed in by Union troops. Unable to escape, Gen. Robert E. Lee surrendered his command to Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant.

Battle of Plassey - Battle of Plassey and Robert Clive
The Battle of Plassey was fought June 23,1757, during the Seven Years' War. Taking place in India, the Battle of Plassey saw the British East India Company square off against the French and Nawab of Bengal. A decisive victory for Robert Clive and the British, the Battle of Plassey saw them gain control of Bengal with the assistance of defectors from the Nawab's army.

Top Five Navy Admirals of World War II
World War II saw the rise of great admirals in each of the combatant nations. Here we profile five of the best admirals to command fleets during the conflict.

World War I: The Sopwith Camel Fighter
The Sopwith Camel was a key Allied fighter during World War I. Mainly flown by British forces, the Sopwith Camel downed more enemy aircraft than any other Allied fighter during the conflict. Entering service in 1917, the Sopwith Camel remained in use through the end of World War I.

Leaders and People of Note From World War II
World War II saw the rise of numerous leaders and standout soldiers. In the course of fighting several key individuals became known for their performance on the battlefield. Many of the leaders of World War II went on to assume key positions in the postwar world.

Siege of Leningrad - World War II - Eastern Front
The Siege of Leningrad took place from September 8, 1941 to January 27, 1944, during World War II. Lasting 872 days, the Siege of Leningrad saw large numbers of casualties on both sides. Despite several assaults, the Germans were unable to bring the Siege of Leningrad to a successful conclusion.

About the Battle of Salamis - The Persian Wars
The Battle of Salamis was fought in September 480 BC during the Persian Wars. Having been defeated at Thermopylae, Greek forces retreated to Salamis where they were pursued by the Persian fleet. Attacking the Persians in the Straits of Salamis, the Greeks won a stunning victory.

History of US Naval Station at Pearl Harbor
The homeport of the US Pacific Fleet, Pearl Harbor was first acquired by the United States in 1887. Slow to develop due to its shallow entrance channel, Pearl Harbor became the US Navy's premier base in the Pacific in the years prior to World War II. Attacked on December 7, 1941, Pearl Harbor rose from the ashes and supported the US Pacific Fleet throughout the war. Still in full use today, Pearl Harbor continues to stand guard over the

F-4 Phantom II Fighter Plane Specifications
The F-4 Phantom II was originally developed for the US Navy, but also was used by the US Air Force and Marine Corps. A long-range fighter/fighter-bomber, the F-4 Phantom II saw extensive service during the Vietnam War. Replaced by the American military in the 1980s, the F-4 continued to see service with other nations.

First Indochina War: Battle of Dien Bien Phu
The Battle of Dien Bien Phu began March 13, 1954, and was the decisive engagement of the French war in Indochina. Building a base at Dien Bien Phu in the Vietnamese highlands, the French were soon besieged by Viet Minh forces. In a two-month battle, the Vietnamese forced the Dien Bien Phu garrison to surrender, effectively ending the war.

Saladin's Siege of Jerusalem - Military History
Lasting from September 20 to October 2, 1187, the Siege of Jerusalem saw Saladin retake the city from Christian forces. Led by Balian of Ibelin, the defenders fought desperately to keep the city, but were ultimately overwhelmed by Saladin's army. After several days of fighting, Balian negotiated its surrender and the Christians were allowed to peacefully leave the city.

American Revolution: Lieutenant General John Burgoyne
Major General John Burgoyne was a British commander during the American Revolution. John Burgoyne also saw service during the War of the Austrian Succession and the Seven Years' War. Leading the British army at the Battle of Saratoga in 1777, John Burgoyne was forced to surrender to American forces.

Wars of Alexander the Great: Battle of Gaugamela
The Battle of Gaugamela was fought October 1, 331 BC during Alexander the Great's wars with the Persian Empire. Advancing east, Alexander encountered the army of Darius III in present-day Iraq. In the resulting Battle of Gaugamela, Alexander routed the Persians leading to the empire's fall.

Crusades: Holy Roman Emperor Frederick Barbarossa
Read the biography and military history of Frederick I Barbarossa, who reigned as Holy Roman Emperor from 1155 to 1190.

Pancho Villa: Mexican Revolutionary
Biography of Doroteo Arango Arámbula, a.k.a. Pancho Villa, a famed leader during the Mexican Revolution (1910-1921).

First Italo-Ethiopian War: Battle of Adwa
Discover the reasons behind the First Italo-Ethiopian War - the Battle of Adwa - as well as the strategies and the aftermath.

History of Spanish-American War Hero George Dewey
Commodore George Dewey had a distinguished naval career and played a decisive role during the Spanish-American War.

American Revolution - Treaty of Alliance (1778)
Providing French support during the American Revolution, the Treaty of Alliance was critical to the United States gaining independence.

Iraq War Military History - Battle of Fallujah
The Second Battle of Fallujah was fought in 2004. The process of clearing the city was slowed by booby-traps and improvised explosive devices.

The Battle of Bataan - World War II
The Battle of Bataan began on January 7, 1942, between Allied forces and the Japanese military, not long after the attack on Pearl Harbor.

Invasion of Italy, 1943 - World War II
The Invasion of Italy was conducted from September 3-16, 1943, during World War II. First landing in Calabria, Allied troops soon expanded the invasion.

Battle of Manila Bay - George Dewey - Spanish-American War
George Dewey's US Squadron destroyed the Spanish fleet at Manila Bay on May 1, 1898. The victory opened the way for the US conquest of the Philippines.

Western Theater of the Civil War - Battles of the Western Theater of the Civil War
Here we look at the campaigns and battles of the Western Theater of the American Civil War.

Pickett's Charge - Battle of Gettysburg - Civil War
Pickett's Charge took place on July 3, 1863, during the Battle of Gettysburg. A turning point of the Civil War, Pickett's Charge saw Confederate forces repulsed in the battle's climax. In the wake of Pickett's Charge, Confederate forces ended the Battle of Gettysburg and withdrew south.

Battle of Glendale - Civil War - Battle of Frayser's Farm - Seven Days Battles
The Battle of Glendale was fought June 30, 1862, during the American Civil War. Part of the Seven Days Battles, the Battle of Glendale saw General Robert E. Lee attempt cut off the Union retreat from Richmond. In the fighting at Glendale, the Union line held and the Army of the Potomac was able to withdraw to Malvern Hill.

Second Battle of Corinth - American Civil War - William Rosecrans - Earl Van Dorn
The Second Battle of Corinth was fought October 3-4, 1862, during the American Civil War. Having won the the Battle of Iuka, Maj. Gen. William Rosecrans moved to Corinth, MS where he was attacked by Confederate forces. In the fighting at the Second Battle of Corinth, Union forces won another victory.

Battle of Savage's Station - Civil War - Seven Days' Battles - Peninsular Campaign
The Battle of Savage's Station was fought June 29, 1862, during the American Civil War. Retreating from Gaines' Mill, Union forces came under attack at the Battle of Savages' Station two days later. The Battle of Savage's Station was part of the Seven Days' Battles.

Battle of Gaines' Mill - Civil War - Seven Days Battles - Peninsula Campaign
The Battle of Gaines' Mill was fought June 27, 1862, during the American Civil War. The third of the Seven Days Battles, the Battle of Gaines' Mill saw the Confederates launch a series of assaults on the Union lines. Though taking heavy losses, the Confederates ultimately won the Battle of Gaines' Mill and forced Union forces to pull back.

Battle of Beaver Dam Creek - Battle of Mechanicsville - Seven Days Battles
The Battle of Beaver Dam Creek (Mechanicsville) was fought June 26, 1862, during the American Civil War. The second of the Seven Days Battles, the Battle of Beaver Dam Creek saw Confederate forces mount a series of assaults against the Union V Corps. During the Battle of Beaver Dam Creek these were turned back with heavy losses.

Battle of Malvern Hill - Civil War Battle of Malvern Hill
The Battle of Malvern Hill was fought July 1, 1862, during the Civil War. The final engagement of the Seven Days Battles, the Battle of Malvern Hill saw the Confederates launch a series of assaults against a strong Union position. In the fighting around Malvern Hill, the Union forces were able to hold and turn back the Confederates.

Battle of Iuka - American Civil War - William Rosecrans - Sterling Price
The Battle of Iuka was fought September 19, 1862, during the American Civil War. Part of the Iuka-Corinth Campaign, the Battle of Iuka saw Maj. Gen. William Rosecrans engage Maj. Gen. Sterling Price. In the fighting at the Battle of Iuka, Rosecrans won a victory.

Battle of Chickasaw Bayou - Civil War- Vicksburg Campaign - William T. Sherman
The Battle of Chickasaw Bayou was fought December 26-29, 1862, during the the American Civil War. Moving up the Yazoo River in an effort to attack Vicksburg, MS, Major General William T. Sherman attacked Confederate forces at the Battle of Chicksaw Bayou. Mounting several frontal assaults on the enemy lines, Sherman lost the Battle of Chickasaw Bayou and withdrew.

Bristol Blenheim - Bristol Blenheim Bomber
The Bristol Blenheim was a light bomber that entered service with the Royal Air Force in 1937. Seeing use until 1944, the Bristol Blenheim flew in most theaters of World War II. Designed as a light bomber, the Blenheim was also adapted to night fighter and photo reconnaissance variants.

Heinkel 219 - World War II - Night Fighters - Luftwaffe
The Heinkel 219 Uhu was German night fighter developed during World War II. The first military aircraft equipped with ejection seats, the Heinkel 219 possessed a radar set and other advances. The Heinkel 219 proved effective, but was only availible in small numbers before the end of the war.

Messerschmitt Bf 110 - World War II - Luftwaffe
The Messerschmitt Bf 110 was a heavy fighter developed for the Luftwaffe in the late 1930s. Used extensively in World War II, the Messerschmitt Bf 110 suffered from a lack of maneuverability and took heavy losses. Redeployed as a night fighter, the Messerschmitt Bf 110 proved effective.

USS Arkansas - BB-33 - World War I - World War II
USS Arkansas (BB-33) was a Wyoming-class battleship that entered service in 1912. During World War I, USS Arkansas operated with the British Grand Fleet and was later modernized. Retained, USS Arkansas saw extensive use in European waters during World War II.

USS New York - BB-34 - World War II - US Navy
USS New York (BB-34) was the lead ship of its class of battleships. Entering service in 1914, USS New York saw service in both World War I and World War II. After taking part in the latter conflict, USS New York survived the atomic testing at Bikini Atoll and was later sunk as a target ship.

USS Texas - BB-35 - Battleship - World War II
USS Texas (BB-35) was a New York-class battleship that entered service with the US Navy in 1914. Seeing service in World War II, USS Texas saw service in both the Atlantic and Pacific. Following the war, USS Texas became a museum ship near Houston.

Military History Timeline - Timeline of Military History - Wars Through the Ages - Military History Through the Centuries - Battles Through the Ages
Gain a quick overview of military history with this timeline that traces battles and wars through the ages.

Siege of Fort Texas - Mexican-American War - Siege of Fort Brown - Major Jacob Brown
The Siege of Fort Texas was fought May 3-9, 1846, during the opening days of the Mexican-American War. Constructed along the Rio Grande, Fort Texas was besieged by Mexican forces and subjected to an intense bombardment. The Siege of Fort Texas was lifted following the American victories at Palo Alto and Resaca de la Palma.

USS Mississippi - BB-23 - US Navy - Battleships
USS Mississippi (BB-23) was commissioned in 1908 and saw service with the US Navy. The lead ship of its class, USS Mississippi and its sister ship were smaller than the classes that came before. In 1914, USS Mississippi was sold to Greece and renamed Kilkis.

USS New Hampshire - BB-25 - US Navy - Battleships - Connecticut-class
USS New Hampshire was a Connecticut-class battleship that saw service with the US Navy. Commissioned in 1908, USS New Hampshire saw service in the Atlantic and Caribbean. USS New Hampshire remained in use through World War I and was later decommissioned in 1921.

Battle of Mansfield - Civil War - Red River Campaign - Richard Taylor
The Battle of Mansfield was fought on April 8, 1964, during the American Civil War. Part of the Red River Campaign, the Battle of Mansfield saw Union forces under Major General Nathaniel Banks engaged Confederate troops under Major General Richard Taylor. In the fighting at the Battle of Mansfield, Taylor forced Banks to retreat.

Battle of Frenchtown - War of 1812 - River Raisin Massacrce
The Battle of Frenchtown was fought January 18-23, 1813, during the War of 1812. Moving north to retake Detroit, American troops opened the Battle of Frenchtown. Counterattacked later by the British and Native Americans, American forces were beaten at the Battle of Frenchtown and a large number of prisoners were killed.

USS Florida - BB-30 - World War I - Battleships
USS Florida (BB-30) was the lead ship of its class of battleships and entered service in 1911. After supporting the occupation of Veracruz in 1914, USS Florida served in Europe during World War I. USS Florida remained in service until 1931.

Siege of Fort Mifflin - American Revolution - Philadelphia Campaign
The Siege of Fort Mifflin was fought September 26 to November 16, 1777, during the American Revolution. Moving up the Delaware River, the British began the Siege of Fort Mifflin in an effort to open the waterway to the Royal Navy. Holding out for over a month, the Siege of Fort Mifflin ended when the American garrison evacuated to New Jersey.

Battle of Champion Hill - American Civil War - Vicksburg Campaign
The Battle of Champion Hill was fought May 16, 1863, during the American Civil War. Crossing the Mississippi during the Vicksburg Campaign, Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant engaged Confederate forces at the Battle of Champion Hill during the approach to the city. Overwhelming Lt. Gen. John C. Pemberton's men, Union forces won the Battle of Champion Hill.

Casablanca Conference - World War II - Casablanca Declaration
The Casablanca Conference was a meeting between Allied leaders during World War II. Held January 14-24, 1943, the Casablanca Conference saw President Franklin D. Roosevelt and Prime Minister discuss strategy for defeating the Axis Powers. Among the decisions reached at the Casablanca Conference was that the Allies would seek the unconditional surrender of the enemy.

Battle of Yellow Tavern - Civil War - J.E.B. Stuart - Overland Campaign
The Battle of Yellow Tavern was fought May 11, 1864, during the American Civil War. A cavalry engagement, the Battle of Yellow Tavern saw Maj. Gen. J.E.B. Stuart's men clash with Union forces under Maj. Gen. Philip Sheridan. In the fighting, Union forces triumphed and Stuart was mortally wounded.

USS Kansas - Great White Fleet - BB-21 - US Navy - Battleships
USS Kansas (BB-21) was a Connecticut-class battleship that entered service in 1907. Sailing with the Great White Fleet, USS Kansas circled the world between 1907 and 1909. Remaining in service until 1921, USS Kansas was later sold for scrap.

USS South Carolina - BB-26 - World War I - US Navy
USS South Carolina (BB-26) was a US Navy battleship that entered service in 1910. The US Navy's first dreadnought battleship, USS South Carolina largely operated in American waters during World War I. Retained until 1924, USS South Carolina was removed from service to comply with the Washington Naval Treaty.

USS Wasp - CV-18 - World War II - Aircraft Carrier - US Navy
USS Wasp (CV-18) was an Essex-class aircraft carrier built for the US Navy. Entering service in 1943, USS Wasp saw extensive service in the Pacific during World War II. Remaining in use until 1972, USS Wasp served as a recovery ship for three Gemini space flights.

Battle of Trevilian Station - Civil War - Overland Camapaign - Philip Sheridan
The Battle of Trevilian Station was fought June 11-12, 1864, during the American Civil War. A cavalry action, the Battle of Trevilian Station saw Maj. Gen. Philip Sheridan clash with Maj. Gen. Wade Hampton. In the fighting at the Battle of Trevilian Station, Hampton got the better of the engagement and compelled Sheridan to retire.

USS Vermont - BB-20 - Great White Fleet - US Navy - Battleships
USS Vermont (BB-20) was a Connecticut-class battleship that entered service with the US Navy in 1907. Later that year, USS Vermont commenced an around-the-world cruise as part of the Great White Fleet. USS Vermont remained in service through World War I and was sold for scrap in 1923.

USS Minnesota - BB-22 - Great White Fleet - US Navy - Battleships
USS Minnesota (BB-22) was a Connecticut-class battleship that began service with the US Navy in 1907. Sailing with the Great White Fleet, USS Minnesota circumnavigated the globe in a demonstration of American power. Taking part in World War I, USS Minnesota remained in service until 1921.

USS Louisiana - BB-19 - Great White Fleet - US Navy - Battleships
USS Louisiana (BB-19) was a Connecticut-class battleship that entered service in 1906. The following year, USS Louisiana sailed as part of the Great White Fleet and circumnavigated the globe. Later serving with the Atlantic Fleet, USS Louisiana was sold for scrap in 1923.

Heinkel He 111 - Luftwaffe - World War II - Bombers
The Heinkel He 111 was a German bomber that saw widespread usage during World War II. Covertly designed in the 1930s, the Heinkel He 111 first saw service during the Spanish Civil War. With the beginning of World War II, the Heinkel flew on all fronts of the conflict in Europe and remained in service until 1945.

USS Michigan - BB-27 - World War I - Battleships
USS Michigan (BB-27) was a South Carolina-class battleship that entered service with the US Navy in 1910. Taking part in the 1914 occupation of Veracruz, USS Michigan later served in home waters during World War I. Retained after the conflict, USS Michigan was later retired in 1922.

USS Maine - BB-10 - Great White Fleet - US Navy - Battleships
USS Maine (BB-10) was an American battleship which entered service in 1902. The lead ship of its class, USS Maine took part in the first leg of the cruise of the Great White Fleet. Remaining in service through World War I, USS Maine was scrapped following the Washington Naval Treaty.

USS Wyoming - BB-32 - World War I - US Navy
USS Wyoming (BB-32) was the lead ship of its class of battleship. Entering service in 1912, USS Wyoming took part in World War I. Converted to a gunnery training ship, USS Wyoming (AG-17) fulfilled this role through World War II.

Battle of Harpers Ferry - American Civil War - Stonewall Jackson
The Battle of Harpers Ferry was fought September 12-15, 1862, during the American Civil War. Surrounding the town, the Battle of Harpers Ferry saw Maj. Gen. Thomas

Battle of Port Republic - Civil War - Valley Campaign - Stonewall Jackson
The Battle of Port Republic was fought June 9, 1862, during the American Civil War. Part of Major General Thomas

Battle of Big Bethel - Civil War - Benjamin Butler
The Battle of Big Bethel was fought June 10, 1861, during the American Civil War. One of the first engagements of the American Civil War, the Battle of Big Bethel saw Union forces attack Confederates on the Peninsula. At the Battle of Big Bethel, Union forces failed in their assaults and fell back.

Battle of Red Bank - American Revolution - Philadelphia Campaign - Carl von Donop
The Battle of Red Bank was fought October 22, 1777, during the American Revolution. Having captured Philadelphia, Gen. Sir William Howe dispatched Hessian forces to capture Fort Mercer on the Delaware River. Attacking at the Battle of Red Bank, the Hessians were repulsed with heavy losses.

Charles Lee - Major General - American Revolution
Major General Charles Lee was an officer during the American Revolution. A veteran of the Seven Years' War and British Army, Charles Lee joined the Continental Army in 1775. Captured in 1776, Charles Lee was later exchanged and saw action at the Battle of Monmouth two years later. Performing poorly, Charles Lee was relieved during the battle.

Battle of Raymond - Civil War - Vicksburg Campaign
The Battle of Raymond was fought May 12, 1863, during the American Civil War. Part of the Vicksburg Campaign, the Battle of Raymond saw Union forces under Major General James McPherson engage Confederates led by Brigadier General John Gregg. In the fighting at Raymond, Union forces routed the enemy.

Baron von Steuben - Baron Friedrich von Steuben
Baron Friedrich von Steuben was a former Prussian staff officer who served with the Continental Army during the American Revolution. Baron von Steuben is best remembered for training the army at Valley Forge. He later served in the Southern campaigns and was at the Battle of Yorktown.

USS George Washington - USS George Washington SSBN-598
USS George Washington (SSBN-598) was the United States' first ballistic missile submarine. Launched in 1959, USS George Washington served in a nuclear deterrent role until 1982. For the last three years of its career, USS George Washington served as an attack submarine.

Battle of Globe Tavern - Civil War - Petersburg Campaign
The Battle of Globe Tavern was fought August 18-21, 1864, during the Civil War. Part of the Petersburg Campaign, the Battle of Globe Tavern saw Union forces attempt to cut the Weldon Railroad. In the fighting at the Battle of Globe Tavern they were successful.

Battle of Palo Alto - The Battle of Palo Alto
The Battle of Palo Alto was fought May 8, 1846, and was one of the opening battles of the Mexican-American War. Advancing to relieve Fort Texas, American forces encountered a Mexican army under Gen. Mariano Arista. In the resulting Battle of Palo Alto, American forces triumphed through the skilled use of artillery.

Battle of Resaca de la Palma - Mexican-American War Battle of Resaca de la Palma
The Battle of Resaca de la Palma was fought May 9, 1846, during the Mexican-American War. Advancing from their victory at the Battle of Palo Alto, American forces under Brig. Gen. Zachary Taylor encountered the Mexicans at Resaca de la Palma. Attacking the Americans succeeded in driving the Mexicans from the field.

Battle of Hubbardton - American Revolution Battle of Hubbardton
The Battle of Hubbardton was fought July 7, 1777, during the American Revolution. Retreating from Fort Ticonderoga, American troops were attacked by Brig. Gen. Simon Fraser. In the resulting Battle of Hubbardton, the Americans fought hard but were forced to retreat.

Battle of Big Black River Bridge - American Civil War - Vicksburg Campaign
The Battle of Big Black River Bridge was fought May 17, 1863, during the American Civil War. Advancing from the victory at Champion Hill the day before, Union forces engaged Lt. Gen. John C. Pemberton's army at the Battle of Big Black River Bridge. In a brief but sharp fight, the Battle of Big Black River Bridge resulted in a Union victory.

Battle of Buena Vista - Mexican-American War - Zachary Taylor
The Battle of Buena Vista was fought February 22-23, 1847, and was the last major battle fought in northeast Mexico. Outnumbered by the approaching Gen. Antonio de Santa Anna's army, Gen. Zachary Taylor fell back to the mountain pass at Buena Vista. Attacked on February 23, his 4,500-man army succeeded in repulsing the Mexican assaults forcing them to withdraw.

Chester Nimitz - Admiral Chester Nimitz Biography
Fleet Admiral Chester Nimitz took command of the US Pacific Fleet in December 1941. Rising from the ashes of Pearl Harbor, Nimitz led it for the duration of World War II and served as the commander-in-chief of the Pacific Ocean Areas. During this time, his forces won key victories at Coral Sea and Midway, and later began

USS Idaho - BB-24 - US Navy - Battleships - Lemnos
USS Idaho (BB-24) was a Mississippi-class battleship that saw service with the US Navy. Entering service in 1908, USS Idaho saw routine peacetime service over the next six years. In 1914, USS Idaho was sold to Greece and renamed Lemnos.

Wesley Merritt - American Civil War General Wesley Merritt Biography
A noted cavalry commander in the Civil War, Wesley Merritt rose through the ranks with unprecedented speed. After serving with the Army of the Potomac, Merritt spent extensive time on the frontier. With the outbreak of the Spanish-American War, he commanded US Army forces in the Philippines.

General Hugh Mercer - American Revolution General Hugh Mercer
Hugh Mercer was Scotsman who served as a surgeon in the Jacobite army at the Battle of Culloden and later as brigadier general in the Continental Army during the American Revolution. Fleeing to American after the collapse of the Forty-Five, he worked as a doctor and served as an officer in the French & Indian War. Joining American forces during the Revolution, Hugh Mercer served under Gen. George Washington until he was killed at the Battle of Princeton in early 1777.

Battle of Eylau - Napoleonic Wars - Napoleon Bonaparte
The Battle of Eylau was fought on February 7-8, 1807, in East Prussia. Attacking a predominently Russian army, Napoleon began a 14-hour battle that ebbed and flowed across the plains near Eylau. Ending in a draw, the high point of the battles was a massive French cavalry charge led by Marshal Joachim Murat.

Battle of Five Forks - Civil War Battle of Five Forks
The Battle of Five Forks occurred on April 1, 1865, and was one of the final battles of the war in the East. Moving west to further pressure Gen. Robert E. Lee's lines at Petersburg, Union forces under Maj. Gen. Philip Sheridan encountered a Conderate force at Five Forks. In the battle that followed, Sheridan routed the Confederates ultimately forcing them to abandon Petersburg and Richmond.

Battle of Fredericksburg - Civil War - Ambrose Burnside
The Battle of Fredericksburg was largely fought on December 13, 1862, and was a clear victory for Gen. Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia. Attacking the heights west of the town, Maj. Gen. Ambrose Burnside's Army of the Potomac was repulsed with heavy casualties. The defeat at the Battle of Fredericksburg led to Burnside's removal from command.

Battle of South Mountain - Battle of South Mountain Civil War
The Battle of South Mountain occurred on September 15, 1862, as Union forces sought to exploit the capture of Confederate Order 191. Attacking Turner's, Fox's, and Crampton's Gaps, Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan wished to cross the mountain and assault Gen. Robert E. Lee's army before it could concentrate. Winning a victory, McClellan continued the fighting three days later at Antietam.

F-35 Lightning II - Joint Strike Fighter - Lockheed
The F-35 Lightning II is result of the multi-nation Joint Strike Fighter program. Spearheaded by the United States and Great Britain, the F-35 will be both nations' next generation close air support, tactical bombing, and air-to-air aircraft. The F-35 Lightning II will also be built in a carrier version for use at sea.

Morgan's Raid - Civil War - John Hunt Morgan
Morgan's Raid was conducted from June 11 to July 26, 1863, during the American Civil War. Riding north, Confederate forces under Brigadier General John Hunt Morgan raided north into Kentucky, Indiana, and Ohio. Morgan's Raid ended with his capture in eastern Ohio.

P-39 Airacobra - Bell Aircraft - World War II
The Bell P-39 Airacobra was an Allied fighter aircraft during World War II. Entering service in 1941, the P-39 Airacobra saw service in most theaters of the war, but was hampered by the lack of an effective turbo-supercharger. The P-39 Airacobra was flown in large numbers by the Soviet Union who received the type via Lend-Lease.

USS Virginia - BB-13 - Great White Fleet - World War I
USS Virginia (BB-13) was the lead ship of its class of battleships and entered service in 1906. The following year, USS Virginia sailed as part of the Great White Fleet. Remaining in use through World War I, USS Virginia was sunk as a target in 1923.

Goliad Massacre - Texas Revolution - James Fannin
The Goliad Massacre took place on March 27, 1836, during the Texas Revolution. Having surrendered after the Battle of Coleto, Colonel James Fannin's command was massacred by Mexican forces at Goliad. In the course of the Goliad Massacre, 342 Texan prisoners were killed.

Battle of Fuentes de Onoro - Peninsular War - Duke of Wellington
The Battle of Fuentes de Onoro was fought May 3-6, 1811, during the Peninsular War. Moving to relieve Almeida, Marshal Massena engaged Viscount Wellington at Fuentes de Onoro. In heavy fighting, Wellington was able to hold off the French and maintain the siege of Almeida.

First Battle of St. Albans - Wars of the Roses - St. Albans
The First Battle of St. Albans was fought May 22, 1455, and was the first major battle of the Wars of the Roses. Advancing on London, the Duke of York was confronted by royal troops at St. Albans. After a series of failed negotiations, he initiated the First Battle of St. Albans during which he defeated Henry VI's forces and captured the king.

Siege of Louisbourg - War of the Austrian Succession - 1745 - William Pepperrell
The Siege of Louisbourg was conducted from May 11 to June 28, 1745, during the War of the Austrian Succession. Sailing north, a colonial forces led by William Pepperrell landed and laid siege to Louisbourg. After a siege of 47 days, Louisbourg fell to the British.

Battle of Dogger Bank - World War I - Royal Navy - High Seas Fleet
The Battle of Dogger Bank was fought January 24, 1915, during World War I. The Battle of Dogger Bank saw British battlecruisers intercept their German counterparts in the North Sea. In the Battle of Dogger Bank, the Germans lost an armored cruiser while a British battlecruiser was severely damaged.

John Jervis - Earl of St. Vincent - Admiral of the Fleet - Napoleonic Wars
Admiral of the Fleet John Jervis, 1st Earl of St. Vincent was a key British naval commander and administrator during the French Revolutionary/Napoleonic Wars. Seeing service during the Seven Years' and American Revolution, John Jervis later won the Battle of St. Vincent in 1797. John Jervis later served as First Lord of the Admiralty.

Battle of Worcester - English Civil War - Oliver Cromwell
The Battle of Worcester was fought September 3, 1651, during the English Civil War. Meeting at the Battle of Worcester, the Parliamentarians defeated Royalist forces under Charles II. The Battle of Worcester was the final battle of the English Civil War.

First Battle of Kernstown - Civil War - Valley Campaign - Stonewall Jackson
The First Battle of Kernstown was fought March 23, 1862, during the American Civil War. The opening engagement of Maj. Gen. Thomas

Battle of Khambula - Anglo-Zulu War - Evelyn Wood
The Battle of Kambula was fought March 29, 1879, during the Anglo-Zulu War. Attacking fortified British troops, the Battle of Kambula saw the Zulus defeated with heavy losses. The Battle of Kambula was considered the turning point of the conflict.

Siege of Yorktown - Civil War - Battle of Yorktown - Peninsula Campaign
The Siege of Yorktown was fought April 5 to May 4, 1862, during the American Civil War. The Siege of Yorktown was an early action of Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan's Peninsula Campaign and saw a small Confederate force stall the Union advance. The Confederates abandoned their position in early May, ending the siege, and allowing Union forces to push towards Richmond.

Great Locomotive Chase - Civil War - Andrews Raid
The Great Locomotive Chase took place April 12, 1862, during the American Civil War. Seeking to damage the Western and Atlantic Railroad between Atlanta and Chattanooga, Union raiders led by James Andrews stole a locomotive and began destroying the rails. Pursued by Confederate forces during the Great Locomotive Chase, Andrews and his men were later captured.

Battle of Megiddo - World War I - Palestine
The Battle of Megiddo was fought September 19 to October 1, 1918, during World War I. Having captured Jerusalem, General Edmund Allenby opened the Battle of Megiddo with the goal of shattering the Ottoman position in Palestine. Attacking, his forces won a complete victory as the Battle of Megiddo saw the Turks routed.

Battle of the North Cape - World War II - Scharnhorst
The Battle of the North Cape was fought December 26, 1943, during World War II. Seeking to attack Allied convoys, the German battlecruiser Scharnhorst was brought to action at the Battle of the North Cape. Overwhelmed by a larger British force near Norway's North Cape, Scharnhorst was sunk.

MiG-23 - MiG-23 Flogger - Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23
The MiG-23 Flogger was a fighter developed by the Soviet Union during the Cold War. Built by Mikoyan-Gurevich, the MiG-23 featured a variable-geometry wing and was staple of the Soviet Air Force. Exported widely, the MiG-23 has seen combat in numerous conflicts around the world.

Battle of Oriskany - American Revolution - Revolutionary War - Fort Stanwix
The Battle of Oriskany was fought August 6, 1777, during the American Revolution. Part of the Saratoga Campaign, the Battle of Oriskany saw American forces ambushed while moving to relieve Fort Stanwix. In the Battle of Oriskany, American forces were beaten, however Native American morale was damaged when colonials forces from Fort Stanwix sacked their camp.

Siege of Fort Stanwix - American Revolution - Revolutionary War - Peter Gansevoort
The Siege of Fort Stanwix was conducted August 2 to 22, 1777, during the American Revolution. Part of the Saratoga Campaign, the Siege of Fort Stanwix was mounted by Brigadier General Barry St. Leger. The Siege of Fort Stanwix ultimately failed when American reinforcements led by Major General Benedict Arnold arrived.

Operation Pedestal - Relief of Malta - World War II
Operation Pedestal was conducted August 9-15, 1942, during World War II. The goal of Operation Pedestal was to escort a convoy of badly needed supplies and fuel to the garrison of Malta. Passing through the Straits of Gibraltar, the Allied ships of Operation Pedestal succeeded in reaching Malta, but took heavy losses en route.

Battle of Forts Clinton and Montgomery - American Revolution - Henry Clinton
The Battle of Forts Clinton and Montgomery was fought October 6, 1777, during the American Revolution. In an effort to aid Major General John Burgoyne at Saratoga, Major General Sir Henry Clinton moved up the Hudson River and attacked Forts Clinton and Montgomery. In the resulting Battle of Forts Clinton and Montgomery, he won a victory and captured both posts.

Battle of Tassafaronga - World War II - Guadalcanal Campaign
The Battle of Tassafaronga saw American and Japanese naval forces clash on November 30, 1942, during World War II. Part of the Guadalcanal Campaign, the Battle of Tassafaronga had Japanese destroyers attack an American squadron in Ironbottom Sound. A stunning defeat, the Battle of Tassafaronga saw the US Navy lose one cruiser and suffer three severely damaged.

Force Z - Attack on Force Z - HMS Prince of Wales and HMS Repulse
Centered on HMS Prince of Wales and HMS Repulse, Force Z was a naval squadron dispatched to Singapore in late 1941. Commanded by Admiral Sir Thomas Phillips, Force Z sortied in early December to attack the Japanese. On December 10, both of Force Z's capital ships were sunk by Japanese aircraft.

Battle of Rennell Island - World War II - Guadalcanal Campaign
The Battle of Rennell Island was fought January 29-30, 1943, during World War II. The final naval engagement of the Guadalcanal Campaign, the Battle of Rennell Island saw Japanese aircraft attack American naval forces. In the resulting fight near Rennell Island, the US Navy lost a heavy cruiser and had one destroyer badly damaged.

Battle of Moore's Creek Bridge - American Revolution - Revolutionary War
The Battle of Moore's Creek Bridge was fought February 27, 1776, during the American Revolution. Fought early in the conflict, the Battle of Moore's Creek Bridge saw Loyalist forces in North Carolina clash with Patriot troops. Holding the bridge at Moore's Creek, the Patriots won a clear victory and scattered the Loyalist force.

Battle of Moscow - World War II - Operation Barbarossa
The Battle of Moscow began on October 2, 1941 and ended on January 7, 1942. In the Battle of Moscow, German forces launched Operation Typhoon to take the city but were turned back. The Battle of Moscow concluded with a Soviet counterattack which pushed the Germans back from the city.

Chesty Puller - US Marine Corps - Lewis B. Puller
Chesty Puller was noted US Marine who saw service during World War II and the Korean War. During his career, Chesty Puller became one of the most decorated Marines in history. Seeing action at notable engagements such as Guadalcanal and Chosin Reservoir, Chesty Puller later retired as a lieutenant colonel.

Von Rundstedt - Field Marshal Gerd von Rundstedt - World War II
Field Marshal Gerd von Rundstedt was a German commander who saw service on several fronts during World War II. After leading forces during the invasion of Poland and campaign in the West, Gerd von Rundstedt won key victories during Operation Barbarossa. Later in the war, Gerd von Rundstedt oversaw German forces in the West.

Haruna - Japanese Battleship Haruna - World War II
Haruna was a Japanese battleship that saw service during World War I and World War II. Initially built as a battlecruiser, Haruna was heavily modified during the interwar years. During World War II, Haruna saw action during several of the major battles in the Pacific including Midway, Philippine Sea, and Leyte Gulf. Haruna was sunk at Kure in July 1945.

USS Wasp - World War II - CV-7 - Aircraft Carrier
USS Wasp (CV-7) was an American aircraft carrier that served during World War II. Launched in 1939, USS Wasp saw duty in the Atlantic and Pacific during the early parts of the conflict. Operating in support of US forces on Guadalcanal, USS Wasp was sunk by I-19 on September 15, 1942.

USS Hornet - CV-8 - Aircraft Carrier - World War II
USS Hornet (CV-8) was an American aircraft carrier during World War II. USS Hornet gained famed for its role in the April 1942 Doolittle Raid. Taking part in the Battle of Santa Cruz that October, USS Hornet was lost in action.

Tirpitz - German Battleship Tirpitz - World War II
Tirpitz was a large German battleship that saw service during World War II. A sister ship to Bismarck, Tirpitz largely saw duty in the North Atlantic and Norway. During the course of the war, the British made several efforts to sink Tirpitz and finally succeeded in late 1944.

USS Yorktown - CV-5 - World War II - Battle of Midway
USS Yorktown (CV-5) was an American aircraft carrier during World War II. Launched in 1937, USS Yorktown took part in the Battle of the Coral Sea. USS Yorktown was lost following the Battle of Midway a month later.

HMS Nelson - World War II - Royal Navy - Battleships
HMS Nelson was a British battleship that saw service during World War II. Completed in 1930, HMS Nelson's design was a product of the Washington Naval Treaty. During World War II, HMS Nelson served in the Atlantic, Mediterranean, and Indian Oceans.

Admiral Scheer - World War II - Pocket Battleship Admiral Scheer
Admiral Scheer was Deutschland-class

Battle of Hatteras Inlet Batteries - Civil War - US Navy
The Battle of Hatteras Inlet Batteries was fought August 28-29, 1861, during the Civil War. Sailing south, Union forces opened the Battle of Hatteras Inlet with the goal of hampering Confederate naval operations and tightening the blockade. The Battle of Hatteras Inlet Batteries saw Forts Hatteras and Clark captured and was a Union victory.

USS Hartford - David Farragut - Civil War - US Navy
USS Hartford was a screw sloop of war that saw extensive service during the Civil War. Flagship of Adm. David Farragut, USS Hartford took part in the capture of New Orleans, operations on the Mississippi River, and the Battle of Mobile Bay. Retained after the war, USS Hartford remained in the US Navy until 1956.

Samuel Dupont - Rear Admiral - Civil War
Rear Admiral Samuel Francis Du Pont entered the US Navy in 1815 and saw service during the Mexican-American War. Promoted to captain in 1855, Samuel Du Pont commanded the South Atantic Blockading Squadron during the Civil War. Samuel Du Pont is best remembered for his failed attack on Charleston in 1863.

Graf von Spee - Admiral von Spee - Maximilian von Spee
Vice Admiral Maximilian von Spee was a German naval commander during World War I. In command of the German East Asia Squadron, Maximilian von Spee defeated the British at the Battle of Coronel in November 1914. Hunted by a superior British force, Maximilian von Spee's ships were destroyed at the Battle of the Falklands the following month.

CSS Alabama - Civil War - Confederate Raider
CSS Alabama was a Confederate warship that entered service in August 1862. A renowned commerce raider, CSS Alabama conducted cruises around the world during its career. CSS Alabama was sunk by USS Kearsarge in June 1864.

Admiral John Fisher - Royal Navy - World War I - Jackie Fisher
Admiral of the Fleet John

Edward Boscawen - Seven Years' War - Admiral Boscawen
Admiral Edward Boscawen was a noted British naval leader during the 18th century. Seeing service during the War of Jenkins' Ear and the War of the Austrian Succession, Edward Boscawen earned fame during the Seven Years' war. Edward Boscawen oversaw British naval forces during the Siege of Louisbourg and later won the Battle of Lagos.

Battle of Boroughbridge - Despenser War - Thomas of Lancaster
The Battle of Boroughbridge was fought March 16, 1322, during the Despenser War. Fought in Yorkshire, the Battle of Boroughbridge pitted royal forces against rebelling barons. In the course of the fighting, the royal troops won the Battle of Boroughbridge and the Earl of Hereford was killed.

Battle of Dupplin Moor - Second War of Scottish Independence - Edward Balliol
The Battle of Dupplin Moor was fought August 10-11, 1332, during the Second War of Scottish Independence. Clashing at Dupplin Moor the supporters of the Bruce dynasty met Edward Balliol and his English allies. In the fighting at Dupplin Moor, the Bruces were defeated.

Guy Carleton - American Revolution - Sir Carleton Governor of Canada
Sir Guy Carleton served as governor of Quebec and later governor-general of Canada. Guy Carleton was in office during the American Revolution and defended Canada from American attacks. In the war's later years, Guy Carleton served as commander-in-chief of British forces in North America.

Patrick Ferguson - American Revolution - King's Mountain - Major Patrick Ferguson
Major Patrick Ferguson was a British officer during the American Revolution. Known for inventing a breech-loading rifle, Patrick Ferguson saw action during the Philadelphia Campaign. Patrick Ferguson was killed leading British forces at the Battle of Kings Mountain in North Carolina.

Samuel Nicholas - US Marine Corps - American Revolution - Marines Birthday
Major Samuel Nicholas was the first commissioned officer in the history of the US Marine Corps. Samuel Nicholas entered the service in 1775 during the American Revolution. Seeing action during the conflict, Samuel Nicholas effectively served as the first commandant of the US Marine Corps.

John Stark - Revolutionary War - General Stark - American Revolution
Major General John Stark was a notable commander during the American Revolution. A native of New Hampshire, John Stark fought in the French and Indian War before seeing action at Bunker Hill in 1775. John Stark later took part in the Battles of Trenton and Princeton as well as played a key role at the Battle of Bennington.

Duke of Cumberland - Prince William Augustus - Butcher Cumberland - The Forty-Five
Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland was the son of King George II and a well-know British commadner during the 18th century. The Duke of Cumberland saw service during the War of the Austrian Succession and led British forces at the Battle of Culloden. The Duke of Cumberland's career ended when he was defeated during the Seven Years' War.

Battle of Minden - Seven Years' War - Duke of Brunswick
The Battle of Minden was fought August 1, 1759, during the Seven Years' War. The Battle of Minden saw Allied forces attempt to defend Hanover from the French. In the fighting at the Battle of Minden, the Duke of Brunswick and the Allies won a key victory.

Battle of Manzikert - Byzantine Empire - Defeat at Manzikert
The Battle of Manzikert was fought August 26, 1071, between the Byzantine Empire and the Suljuk Turks. In the fighting at the Battle of Manzikert, the Byzantines were badly defeated. The Battle of Manzikert also saw Emperor Romanos IV captured by the Seljuks.

HMHS Britannic - Hospital Ships - World War I
HMHS Britannic was a British hospital ship during World War I. A sister of RMS Titanic, HMHS Britannic conducted several voyages to the Mediterranean to evacuate wounded. In November 1916, HMHS Britannic struck a mine and sank.

USS President - US Navy - War of 1812
USS President was one of the original six frigates built for the US Navy. Seeing service during the First Barbary War, USS President later at the center of the Little Belt Affair. After several cruises during the War of 1812, USS President was captured by the British in the waning days of the conflict.

USS Enterprise - CVN-65 - US Navy Aircraft Carrier
USS Enterprise (CVN-65) is the world's first nuclear-powered aircraft carrier. Commissioned in 1961, USS Enterprise has seen extensive service during the Vietnam War as well as during numerous other military operations. Currently in use, USS Enterprise is schedule to be retired in 2013.

USS Connecticut - Great White Fleet - Battleship - US Navy - Connecticut-Class
USS Connecticut (BB-18) was an American battleship that saw service during the early 20th century. In 1907 to 1909, USS Connecticut acted as flagship of the Great White Fleet and sailed around the world. USS Connecticut later took part in World War I and was scrapped in 1923.

USS Oriskany - CV-34 - US Navy - Aircraft Carrier
USS Oriskany (CV-34) was a aircraft carrier that saw service with the US Navy from 1950 to 1976. Laid down during World War II, USS Oriskany was completed after the conflict and later saw service during the Korean and Vietnam Wars. In 2006, USS Oriskany was sunk in the Gulf of Mexico as an artificial reef.

USS Chesapeake - US Navy Frigate - War of 1812 - Chesapeake-Leopard Affair
USS Chesapeake was 38-gun frigate built for the US Navy and launched in 1799. One of the US Navy's original six frigates, USS Chesapeake was attacked by HMS Leopard during the 1807 Chesapeake-Leopard Affair. USS Chesapeake was later defeated and captured by HMS Shannon during the War of 1812.

Quiberon Bay - Battle of Quiberon Bay - Seven Years' War
The Battle of Quiberon Bay was fought November 20, 1759, during the Seven Years' War. Attacking the French fleet at the Battle of Quiberon Bay, Admiral Sir Edward Hawke captured or destroyed six enemy ships of the line and scattered the remainder. The Battle of Quiberon Bay was part of the Annus Mirabilis of 1759.

Admiral Rodney - George Rodney - Baron Rodney - Royal Navy
Admiral George Rodney was a noted British naval leader during Seven Years' War and American Revolution. A seasoned officer, George Rodney took part in numerous campaigns and battles. George Rodney is best known for his 1782 victory at the Battle of the Saintes.

Battle of Machias - American Revolution - Machias First Naval Battle of American Revolution
The Battle of Machias was fought June 11-12, 1775, during the American Revolution. The first naval battle of the American Revolution, the Battle of Machias saw colonial forces attack HMS Margaretta. After a brief engagement, the Americans took the ship.

B-2 Spirit - Stealth Bomber - US Air Force
The B-2 Spirit is a stealth bomber that entered service with the US Air Force in 1997. Developed during the Cold War, the B-2 Spirit was intended for penetrating Soviet defenses. Currently in service, the B-2 Spirit has been used in several conflicts including Kosovo and Afghanistan.

USS Macon - US Navy - Airship - ZRS-5
USS Macon (ZRS-5) was a rigid airship built for the US Navy. Entering service in 1933, USS Macon conducted as variety of exercises and carried a complement of Curtiss F9C Sparrowhawk fighters. USS Macon was lost during a storm off the coast of California in February 1935.

G3M - Mitsubishi G3M Nell World War II
The Mitsubishi G3M

Battle of Killiecrankie - Jacobite Rising - Bonnie Dundee at Killiecrankie
The Battle of Killiecrankie was fought July 27, 1689, during the Jacobite Risings. Rebeling against William III, Jacobite supporters in Scotland, led by Viscount Dundee, moved south to Killiecrankie. Met by Government forces, they won a clear victory at the Battle of Killiecrankie after launching an effective Highland charge.

Raid on Deerfield - Queen Anne's War - Deerfield Massacre
The Raid on Deerfield took place on February 29, 1704, during Queen Anne's War. The North American extension of the War of the Spanish Succession, the conflict saw a combined French and Native American force raid Deerfield, Massachusetts. Attacking the raiders, killed over fifty of Deerfield's residents and captured over one hundred.

Siege of Fort Wayne - War of 1812 - William Henry Harrison
The Siege of Fort Wayne took place September 5-12, 1812, during the War of 1812. Laying siege to Fort Wayne, Native American forces mounted several attacks against the fort. These were repulsed and the Native Americans withdrew as William Henry Harrison neared with a relief army.

Battle of the Chateauguay - War of 1812 - St. Lawrence Campaign
The Battle of Chateauguay was fought October 26, 1813, during the War of 1812. Advancing into Quebec, an American army led by Major General Wade Hampton clashed with French Canadian and Native American forces at the Battle of Chateauguay. In the fighting at Chateauguay, the Americans were defeated and forced to retreat.

Battle of Cerro Gordo - Mexican-American War - Winfield Scott at Cerro Gordo
The Battle of Cerro Gordo was fought April 18, 1847, during the Mexican-American War. Advancing from Veracruz, Maj. Gen. Winfield Scott's army found the Mexicans blocking its advance at Cerro Gordo. In the Battle of Cerro Gordo, the Americans were able to flank the Mexican position and rout the enemy.

Battle of Molino del Rey - Mexican-American War - Winfield Scott Battle of Molina del Rey
The Battle of Molino del Rey was fought September 8, 1847, during the Mexican-American War. Moving forward, American troops attacked Mexican forces in the Molino del Rey. In heavy fighting, they drove away the defenders and won the Battle of Molino del Rey.

Battle of Churubusco - Mexican-American War - Winfield Scott
The Battle of Churubusco was fought August 20, 1847 during the Mexican-American War. Having defeated the Mexicans that morning at Contreras, American forces renewed their attack that afternoon at Churubusco. In the Battle of Churubusco, US troops won a victory after several hours of heavy fighting.

Duke of Wellington - Arthur Wellesley - Napoleonic Wars
The Duke of Wellington was a key British commander during the Napoleonic Wars. Born Arthur Wellesley, the Duke of Wellington came to prominence for his campaigns during the Peninsular War in Spain. The Duke of Wellington is best remembered for his victory over Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815.

Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant
Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant was a key Union commander during the Civil War who ultimately came to oversee all Union armies. Page 10.

Major General Don Carlos Buell
Major General Don Carlos Buell was a Union leader who fought at Shiloh and led troops at the Battle of Perryville. Page 11.

Major General William S. Rosecrans
Major General William S. Rosecrans led the Army of the Cumberland during the Civil War and was later defeated at the Battle of Chickamauga. Page 12.

Major General William T. Sherman
Major General William T. Sherman was a Union commander during the Civil War who oversaw the campaign against Atlanta and then the advance to the sea. Page 13.

Major General George H. Thomas
Major General George H. Thomas was a Union commander that earned fame at the Battle of Chickamauga and later led the Army of the Cumberland. Page 14.

Major General Philip H. Sheridan
Major General Philip H. Sheridan was a Union commander during the Civil War who later led the Army of the Potomac's cavalry. Page 15.

Major General Irvin McDowell
Major General Irvin McDowell was Union general during the American Civil War and was defeated at the First Battle of Bull Run. Page 2.

Major General George B. McClellan
Major General George B. McClellan was a Union general who led troops during the Peninsula Campaign and the Battle of Antietam. Page 3.

Major General John Pope
Major General John Pope was a Union general during the Civil War who saw service in the West before being defeated at the Second Battle of Manassas. Page 4.

Major General Ambrose Burnside
Major General Ambrose Burnside was Union general during the Civil War who led troops in North Carolina, the Battle of Fredericksburg, and later during the Overland Campaign. Page 5.

Major General Joseph Hooker
Major General Joseph Hooker was a Union general during the Civil War who saw service in the East, was defeated at the Battle of Chancellorsville, and led XX Corps in the West. Page 6.

Major General George G. Meade
Major General George G. Meade was Union general during the Civil War who saw service in the East and led the Army of the Potomac at the Battle of Gettysburg. Page 7.

Major General Winfield S. Hancock
Major General Winfield S. Hancock was a Union corps commander during the Civil War who saw extensive service in the East. Page 8.

Major General Henry W. Halleck
Major General Henry W. Halleck was the Union general-in-chief during the Civil War. Page 9.

John Wool - Major General - Mexican-American War - US Army
Major General John Wool was a central figure in the US Army during the 19th century. Entering service in 1812, John Wool took part in the War of 1812, Mexican-American War, and Civil War. The oldest general in the Civil War, John Wool retired in 1863 at age 79.

B-47 Stratojet - Boeing - US Air Force - Bombers - Cold War
The B-47 Stratojet was an American bomber that entered service in 1951. Built by Boeing, the B-47 Stratojet saw extensive use with the Strategic Air Command and contained numerous innovations. Though intended as a nuclear bomber, variants of the B-47 Stratojet also fulfilled reconnaissance roles.

A-6 Intruder - Grumman - US Navy - Vietnam War - Gulf War
The Grumman A-6 Intruder was a carrier-based attack aircraft developed for the US Navy in the early 1960s. Seeing service during the Vietnam War, the A-6 Intruder was known for its range and payload capability. The A-6 Intruder took part in the Gulf War in 1991 before being retired six years later.

President Jefferson Davis
President Jefferson Davis served as the Confederacy's only president and was in office for the entirety of the Civil War.

Major General J.E.B. Stuart
Major General J.E.B. Stuart was Confederate leader during the Civil War who led the Army of Northern Virginia's cavalry. Page 10.

Lieutenant General Jubal A. Early
Lieutenant General Jubal A. Early was a Confederate commander during the Civil War who led troops in the Army of Northern Virginia and in the Shenandoah Valley. Page 11.

General John B. Hood
General John B. Hood was a Confederate commander during the Civil War who rose to command the Army of Tennessee in 1864. Page 12.

Major General John B. Gordon
Major General John B. Gordon was a noted Confederate commander who saw service in the East during the Civil War. Page 13.

General Joseph E. Johnston
General Joseph E. Johnston was a key Confederate commander during the Civil War who saw service in all parts of the Confederacy. Page 2.

General Robert E. Lee
General Robert E. Lee was a famous Confederate commander during the Civil War who led the Army of Northern Virginia. Page 3.

General Braxton Bragg
General Braxton Bragg was a Confederate commander who led the Army of Tennessee for most of the Civil War. Page 4.

General Pierre G.T. Beauregard
General Pierre G.T. Beauregard was a Confederate commander who oversaw the attack on Fort Sumter and later saw service in several areas of the South. Page 5.

Lieutenant General Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson
Lieutenant General Thomas

Lieutenant General James Longstreet
Lieutenant General James Longstreet was a Confederate leader during the Civil War who led a corps in the Army of Northern Virginia. Page 7.

Lieutenant General Richard Ewell
Lieutenant General Richard Ewell was a Confederate leader during the Civil War who led a corps in the Army of Northern Virginia. Page 8.

Lieutenant General Ambrose P. Hill
Lieutenant General Ambrose P. Hill was a Confederate leader during the Civil War who led a corps in the Army of Northern Virginia. Page 9.

President Abraham Lincoln
President Abraham Lincoln led the United States during the American Civil War.

USS Hornet - CV-12 - World War II - US Navy - Aircraft Carrier
USS Hornet (CV-12) was an Essex-class aircraft carrier that entered service in 1943. Serving in the Pacific during World War II, USS Hornet (CV-12) took part in several campaigns against the Japanese. USS Hornet (CV-12) later took part in the Vietnam War and helped recover spacecraft for NASA.