Miscarriage/Pregnancy Loss Sitemap - Page 1 2016-09-26

When to Schedule a Prenatal Visit After a Miscarriage
In most cases, it's optimal to seek prenatal care as soon as you find out you're pregnant. This is no less true for a pregnancy after a miscarriage.

Chemical Pregnancy and Very Early Miscarriages
Despite the name, a chemical pregnancy is not a false pregnancy or a false positive on a pregnancy test -- it is actually​ a very early miscarriage.

10 Things You Can Do To Reduce Risk of Pregnancy Loss
Learn about simple things you can do now to control your risks and increase your chance of a healthy pregnancy.

Do African American Women Have More Pregnancy Losses?
African American women have higher rates of all types of pregnancy loss than whites. Researchers have tried to uncover the reasons behind this gap.

Is a High hCG Level a Problem During Pregnancy?
A high hCG level during pregnancy could indicate many things, most of which are not concerning, but one of which is. Be sure to talk to your doctor.

Is Absence of Morning Sickness a Sign of Miscarriage?
Studies have shown that women with morning sickness may be less likely to miscarry, but that doesn't mean that it's bad if you don't have nausea.

Is Postpartum Depression Possible After a Miscarriage?
It is normal to feel a certain amount of grief after a miscarriage, but in some cases, the grief may develop into clinical depression. Learn more here.

Miscarriage/Pregnancy Loss
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Toxoplasmosis - Are Cats Safe in Pregnancy?
A cat can transmit toxoplasmosis, an infection that's associated with miscarriage, to a pregnant woman. But the risk is overblown​.

What Flowers Should I Use in a Memorial Garden?
Looking for a way to memorialize a loved one? Planting a memorial garden is an option. Here is a list of suggested plant choices for your memorial garden.

Lactation After a Pregnancy Loss
Frequently asked questions about what to do when your milk comes after a stillbirth, and what to do with any breast milk you have saved if the baby dies.

Quotes About Loss of Pregnancy
A collection of quotes for parents to use in announcements, memorial services. Quotes from poetry, prose, famous people, Scripture, and other sources.

Does HIV Cause Miscarriages?
The risk of pregnancy loss in HIV-positive women is lower today. About 6,000 to 7,000 HIV-positive women have healthy babies every year in the U.S.

Will Exposure to Fifth Disease Cause Miscarriage?
Exposure to fifth disease (aka parvovirus B19) during pregnancy is a common concern, given a link between fifth disease and miscarriage, but in truth only about 5% of women who contract parvovirus B19 during pregnancy experience complications.

Can Food Poisoning Cause a Miscarriage or Stillbirth?
Food-borne infections, such as listeriosis or salmonella, are a potential cause of miscarriages. During pregnancy, avoid certain risky foods.

The Threat of Gonnorrhea to the Unborn Baby
Learn whether gonorrhea infection during pregnancy can cause miscarriage, ectopic pregnancy, preterm labor, or other pregnancy complications.

Can Using a Hot Tub Cause Pregnant Women to Miscarry?
Research suggests that using hot tubs during pregnancy means an increased risk of birth defects, but can using a hot tub also cause a miscarriage?

What's a D&E?
D&E is short for

Will Having a Tilted Uterus Increase Your Risk of Miscarriage?
A retroverted uterus typically does not cause miscarriage, but other conditions causing it might lead to infertility. Learn more about having a tilted uterus.

Can Being Rh Negative Cause a Miscarriage?
Rh negative women who have miscarriages wonder whether their Rh status might have been responsible, but it doesn't typically cause early miscarriages.

Aneuploidy - Chromosome Abnormalities and Miscarriage
Aneuploidy is a condition in which a cell has an incorrect number of chromosomes. Aneuploidies are a common cause of miscarriage in early pregnancy.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome - What Is APS?
Antiphospholipid antibody syndrome, also known as antiphospholipid syndrome or APS, may cause dangerous blood clots and recurrent miscarriages.

What Is a Family Practitioner or Family Practice Doctor?
A family practitioner is a physician who specializes in family medicine. Family practitioners may sometimes be referred to as family practice doctors.

The Gestational Sac and Pregnancy Complications
The gestational sac forms early in pregnancy to enclose an embryo and amniotic fluid. Certain sac characteristics can indicate a compromised pregnancy.

What Is In Vitro Fertilization?
Find out how IVF affects the rate of miscarriage and other adverse pregnancy outcomes such as ectopic pregnancy, preterm birth and low birth weight.

What Is Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD)?
Learn about preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) and preimplantation genetic screening (PGS), two genetic tests used with in-vitro fertilization.

Progesterone - The Hormone's Role in Pregnancy
Progesterone is a sex hormone involved in pregnancy. Learn about progesterone supplementation for the prevention of miscarriage and preterm labor.

Threatened Miscarriage - Bleeding In the First 20 Weeks
A threatened miscarriage is when a pregnant woman has vaginal bleeding before week 20, but has other indicators of a healthy pregnancy.

Understanding the Work of an Ultrasound Technologist
An ultrasound technologist, or sonographer, is an allied health professional trained to operate ultrasound equipment and render diagnostic images.

Ectopic Pregnancy Statistics
According to the March of Dimes, about 1 in every 50 pregnancies in the U.S. is an ectopic pregnancy. Your risk, however, may actually be lower.

Does Late Implantation Cause Miscarriage?
Late implantation can affect a pregnancy, but how exactly is unclear. Learn more about what happens when late implantation occurs.

Lupus Anticoagulant Antibodies and Repeated Miscarriage
Lupus anticoagulant antibodies are one of the markers for antiphospholipid syndrome, a condition tied to recurrent pregnancy loss.

MTHFR Cause of Recurrent Miscarriages
Some doctors test for and treat MTHFR gene variants as a risk factor for recurrent miscarriages, while others disagree they may be a factor.

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Specialists for Recurrent Miscarriage or Pregnancy Loss
If you experience recurrent miscarriages or are at high risk for​ pregnancy complications, you may need to see a specialist as well as an OB-GYN.

Signs and Symptoms of Intrauterine Adhesions
D&Cs usually don't cause serious complications, but it's possible to develop adhesions or scarring in the uterus, which can then lead to infertility or multiple miscarriages.

What Is Trisomy 9?
Trisomy 9 is a serious chromosome disorder that, when present, usually ends in first-trimester miscarriage. Learn more about trisomy 9.

How Couples Can Cope with Miscarriage
The worst thing a couple who has suffered a pregnancy loss can do is avoid each other.

How to Cope with Baby Shower Invitations After a Miscarriage
Attending baby showers after a miscarriage can be deeply painful. Here are some suggestions for how to handle such a situation.

Coping with Miscarriage - Handling Insensitive Comments
Many women who suffer miscarriages are caught off guard by hurtful and insensitive comments others make. Don't feel like you have to go it alone.

How to Survive the Holidays After a Miscarriage
Having a miscarriage around the holidays is tough. Follow these 7 tips to get through the holidays after a miscarriage or other pregnancy loss.

I'm Pregnant But My Friend Miscarried What Should I Do?
If you are pregnant but have a friend going through a miscarriage or stillbirth, here is some advice and some important things to keep in mind.

What You Need to Know About Inducing a Miscarriage
If you are searching for information on how to induce a miscarriage, please read this first and be sure to keep your safety in mind.

Are Factor V Leiden and Recurrent Miscarriages Linked?
Factor V Leiden is a genetic variant in the factor V clotting protein. Having the gene increases the risk of miscarriage and deep vein thrombosis.

Homocysteine and Recurrent Miscarriage - Is There a Link?
High homocysteine levels can cause pregnancy-related problems. Some researchers have found correlations between high homocysteine and miscarriage.

Do Elevated Natural Killer Cells Cause Recurrent Miscarriages?
Researchers have found evidence showing that NK cells tend to be elevated in women who have had unexplained recurrent miscarriages. But what does this mean?

Christian Readings for a Baby's Funeral or Memorial
A collection of scriptures that are appropriate for reading at a baby's funeral or memorial service.

What Can I Do for a Woman After a Miscarriage?
Feeling helpless is one of the worst feelings in the world. But when someone you love has suffered a loss, it’s also the most common feeling. You’d like to help, but you don’t know how. Here are some simple things you can do to help when someone you know has had a miscarriage.

5 Ways to Cope with Guilt After a Miscarriage
Feeling guilty and blaming yourself are two common reactions to a miscarriage. Follow these 5 steps for coping with guilt after a miscarriage.

Do You Know What the Term Rainbow Baby Means?
A rainbow baby is a baby born after a miscarriage or other pregnancy loss. Parents of rainbow babies go through the grief of losing a previous child.

Can Diarrhea During Pregnancy Cause Miscarriage?
The cramping and abdominal pain associated with diarrhea and constipation can feel like your pregnancy is in danger. Learn more about this topic here.

I Can't Sleep After a Miscarriage
Difficulty sleeping is a common problem for grieving people. Learn techniques to improve your chances of getting the sleep your body needs.

Filing Taxes After Pregnancy Loss
Learn about filing your taxes after experiencing a pregnancy loss, like a miscarriage, stillbirth, or infant death. You may qualify for a child tax credit.

Miscarriage Memorials: How to Honor a Pregnancy Loss
Cope with a miscarriage by honoring the baby you lost with a miscarriage memorial. Honor your baby by planting a tree, journaling and more.

10 Things to Stop Thinking and Doing After a Miscarriage
Negative ways of thinking about and dealing with your miscarriage won't help matters. This advice can help you get through your pregnancy loss.

How to Share the News of Your Pregnancy Loss
When you've had a pregnancy loss, you may want to share your story with family or friends. Here are some sample announcements you might want to try.

Steps for Emotional Recovery After Stillbirth
Emotional recovery from a stillbirth can be a long process. From coping with guilt to funeral planning and planning for another pregnancy, there are several steps to take after a stillbirth.

How to Heal After Recurrent Miscarriages
Advice for dealing with the emotional and physical aspects of multiple miscarriages. What to expect at home and in the doctor's office.

Why Do Doctors Use the Word Abortion for Miscarriages?
Elective and surgical termination of a pregnancy is very different from miscarriage, despite the use of the term abortion to describe both.

I Had a Miscarriage. Do I Need a RhoGAM Shot?
Rh negative women often wonder if they need RhoGAM after having first-trimester miscarriages or ectopic pregnancies. Find out more here.

Can Chlamydia Infection Cause Miscarriage?
Chlamydia, a common sexually transmitted disease, may increase the risk of miscarriage, ectopic pregnancy, ​and other problems if it's not treated.

Inspirational Poetry for a Baby or Child's Funeral
There can be comfort in the words of others. Here is a collection of inspirational poetry appropriate for a baby or child's funeral or memorial service.

Features of the Yolk Sac and What They Mean
The yolk sac, which nourishes the developing fetus, is the first visible structure inside the gestational sac in early pregnancy on ultrasound.

Trisomy 16 and First-Trimester Miscarriages
Trisomy 16 is a serious chromosomal disorder that usually causes first-trimester miscarriage. Learn more about the types of Trisomy 16.

Can Breastfeeding During Pregnancy Cause Miscarriage?
There's a lot of conflicting information about the safety of breastfeeding during pregnancy, but there's no link to miscarriage or pregnancy loss.

What to Do If You Can't Get Pregnant After Miscarriage
If you're having trouble conceiving and can't get pregnant after experiencing a miscarriage, it might be time to talk to a fertility specialist.

What Is a Chromosomal Abnormality?
Chromosomal abnormalities can lead to miscarriage and other conditions like down syndrome. Here's what every expectant parent should know about them.

Appropriate Gifts for Post-Miscarriage Couples
It's thoughtful to consider giving a gift someone who has suffered a miscarriage, but it's important to be sensitive. Here are some gifts to avoid.

How Doctors Diagnose Miscarriage and Pregnancy Loss
Learn how your doctors will use hCG tests, ultrasounds, pelvic exams, and fetal heart rate monitoring to determine whether you've experienced a miscarriage.

Having Pregnancy Symptoms After Miscarriage
It can take time for hormone levels to return to normal after a miscarriage, and it is not uncommon to feel pregnancy symptoms after a miscarriage.

What Do I Say in an Anniversary Card?
There are a few guidelines to keep in mind when sending a sympathy card for the anniversary of a miscarriage.

Recurrent Miscarriage Tests - Hysteroscopy and Uterus
A hysteroscopy is a medical procedure that involves a doctor inserting a tiny telescope through the cervix to see the inside of the uterus, often as a part of the diagnostic workup for recurrent miscarriage causes. A hysteroscopy may also be used during surgery to treat suspected problems with the uterus, such as a uterine septum or fibroids.

Miscarriages and Asherman's Syndrome
Asherman's syndrome, or uterine adhesions, can be a complication of a D & C and subsequently lead to problems conceiving, menstrual irregularities, or even recurrent miscarriages.

How Doctors Diagnose Miscarriages and Pregnancy Losses
If you are experiencing miscarriage symptoms, you should definitely go to your doctor to see what's going on. Learn about some of the tests your doctor might use to make a diagnosis.

Warning Signs and Early Miscarriage Symptoms
Spotting or bleeding in early pregnancy is often the first sign of a miscarriage, but there may also be other signs of an impending miscarriage, such as falling hCG levels.

Reasons for Bleeding During Pregnancy
Somewhere around 30% of all pregnant women have some sort of bleeding during pregnancy, most commonly in the first trimester. Although miscarriage is one possible explanation for first-trimester bleeding, it isn't the only possible reason.

Not Trying Again After Miscarriage
Some people may choose to not get pregnant again after a miscarriage. However, there are several options, from surrogacy to adoption, for having a baby.

Chances of Problems in Pregnancy After a Miscarriage
Learn why your miscarriage wasn't your fault and why the vast majority of women won't experience loss the second time around.

Non-Religious Reading Suggestions for a Child's Funeral
No matter your faith, this collection of non-religious readings has beautiful suggestions appropriate for a baby or child's funeral or memorial service.

Choosing a Gift For Someone Who Has Miscarried
Honor a loved one's loss with miscarriage gifts. A pregnancy loss card, miscarriage jewelry or planting a tree are all great sympathy gifts.

Questions About Menstruation After Miscarriage
Resumption of menstruation after miscarriage is variable. Some women will have a period within a month while others might have to wait longer.

Caffeine Effects on Pregnancy and Miscarriage
Is it true that too much caffeine can cause miscarriage? In short, the verdict is still out. To be safe, drink caffeine in moderation while pregnant.

Going Back to Work After Pregnancy Loss
After a pregnancy loss, there will come a point when you're ready to go back to work. Learn helpful tips for easing the transition back to your job.

Miscarriage Recovery Questions and Answers
The process of miscarriage takes up to two weeks, and your body should be back to normal within three months. Here are some FAQs about physical recovery.

How To Determine Your Risk of Miscarriage
Miscarriage statistics vary by groups and factors. Figure out your miscarriage risk with these steps.

Normal Fetal Heart Rate Ranges in Early Pregnancy
The normal fetal heart rate can vary by the point in the pregnancy. Learn more about the normal rates in early pregnancy.

Concerning Symptoms or Normal Early Pregnancy Signs
Deciphering your early pregnancy signs can be confusing, especially when you're pregnant after miscarriage. Learn more.

Medications to Stop Producing Breastmilk
After a pregnancy loss, some women don't want to deal with the lactation reflex that makes their milk come in. Learn more about medications that may help.

Roller Coasters and Pregnancy Risks
Riding a roller coaster before you find out that you are pregnant is not likely to cause a first-trimester miscarriage, but what about after? Learn more.

Benefits of a Doctor's Treatment for Miscarriage
It's always best to see a doctor if you're having a miscarriage, but what if you don't have insurance or your deductible is high? Is it really necessary?

What Does Hemorrhage Mean in Relation to Miscarriage?
Hemorrhaging or excessive blood loss is a rare complication of miscarriage (pregnancy loss), but it's one of the leading causes of maternal death.

Understand Early Pregnancy Ultrasound Results
Take a look at what you can determine from an ultrasound in early pregnancy, and whether an empty gestational sac or no fetal heartbeat means miscarriage.

Understanding Early Pregnancy Ultrasound Results
Early pregnancy ultrasound can give a doctor important information on the gestational age of the pregnancy and sometimes can offer clues as to whether or not the pregnancy will result in miscarriage. Page 2.

Early Ultrasound May Be Inconclusive for Miscarriage
Any error in calculating the gestational age of a pregnancy could affect what an ultrasound should reveal in early pregnancy. For this reason, many doctors will order a subsequent ultrasound before diagnosing an early miscarriage in order to make sure there was no error in calculating the dates of the pregnancy.

Miscarriage Diagnosis - Why hCG Results Can Help a Doctor Interpret an Ultrasound in Early Pregnancy
If ultrasound is not the only information available on the dating of the pregnancy, a doctor may be able to diagnose a missed miscarriage or blighted ovum from a single ultrasound.

What an Ultrasound Should Show in Early Pregnancy
The fetal heartbeat usually becomes visible by the seventh week of early pregnancy if the doctor is using a transvaginal ultrasound, but this could be earlier or later if ovulation happened on a different day than expected. Page 5.

Understanding First Trimester Ultrasound Results
When early ultrasound results aren't reassuring, such as when an ultrasound shows no fetal heartbeat or an empty gestational sac, the doctor may be able to diagnose miscarriage if other information is available -- but the results could simply mean that the dating of the pregnancy is incorrect. When in doubt, the doctor will order another ultrasound. Page 6.

Late Pregnancy Loss or Stillbirth - Confirming with Ultrasound
Although there can be room for interpretation in diagnosing an early miscarriage after a single ultrasound, a single ultrasound later in pregnancy that shows no fetal heartbeat is usually definitive for diagnosing miscarriage.

Chromosomal Abnormalities and Pregnancy Loss
It is widely accepted that chromosomal abnormalities are the most common cause of miscarriage, especially in the first trimester.

Termination Of a Desired Pregnancy For Medical Reasons
Selective abortion is a divisive issue for parents to consider when prenatal screening results in a diagnosis of a severe chromosomal condition.

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Ultrasound Accuracy for Congenital Birth Defects
Ultrasounds can be fairly accurate for catching certain congenital birth defects. An ultrasound can occasionally show a false positive.

Stillbirth - Late Term Pregnancy Loss
If you have had a stillbirth, or if you are trying to support someone through a stillbirth, this article contains answers to the most common questions.

Which Foods Should I Avoid To Prevent a Miscarriage?
Food poisoning from bacteria such as Listeria, Salmonella, and E. coli can be a risk factor for miscarriage and stillbirth. Learn which foods pose a risk.

Can Exposure to Rubella Cause a Miscarriage?
Getting rubella during pregnancy can cause problems. Research shows a high rate of congenital birth defects and miscarriage for pregnant women.

The Importance of Folic Acid During Pregnancy
If you are considering pregnancy or newly pregnant, chances are you have heard of the recommendations to take prenatal vitamins and folic acid.

Falling hCG Levels - Does That Mean a Miscarriage?
Drops in hCG levels in early pregnancy and during the first trimester are usually not a good sign; this can be a sign of impending miscarriage.

Important Facts About Miscarriage
Most people don't think a whole lot about miscarriages until they have one. If you have just been diagnosed with a miscarriage (or if you know someone who has), here are the important things to know.

Risks of Asthma in Pregnancy
Having asthma during pregnancy carries some risks, but there's no reason why most moms with asthma shouldn't be able to have a healthy pregnancy.

Ectopic Pregnancy Symptoms and Questions
It's important to see a doctor right away if you're having tubal pregnancy symptoms, as ectopic pregnancies can be life threatening without treatment.

What to Do if You Have Ectopic Pregnancy Symptoms
Learn more about ectopic pregnancies and what to do if you find yourself with the symptoms and whether you should consult a physician.

Understanding What a Chemical Pregnancy Is, and Isn't
A chemical pregnancy is an early miscarriage in which the only evidence of a pregnancy is biochemical and does not progress to a clinical pregnancy.

Meaning of Small Gestational Sac in Early Pregnancy
A small gestational sac could indicate an incorrect dating of the pregnancy or an impending miscarriage. A follow-up ultrasound is recommended.

Chorioamnionitis Pregnancy Uterine Infection
Chorioamnionitis is a potentially serious condition in which the amniotic fluid and pregnancy membranes become infected by bacteria.

Ovulating After You've Had a Miscarriage
Unfortunately there is no way to predict when you will ovulate after a miscarriage except by using ovulation predictor strips. It could be anywhere from two weeks to three months after the miscarriage before your fertility returns.

Dealing With Neonatal Death or Loss of a Premature Baby
Neonatal death means the loss of a newborn baby younger than 28 days old, which can be considered a pregnancy loss. The most frequent causes of neonatal infant loss are prematurity and birth defects.

Turner Syndrome - Pregnancy Loss and Monosomy X
Although babies with Turner Syndrome have reasonably good prognosis, this chromosome is frequently found in babies lost to miscarriage or stillbirth.

Pregnancy Loss and Neural Tube Defects
Pregnant women are often advised to take folic acid in early pregnancy and ideally before conception for the reason that it reduces the risk of neural tube defects. But what exactly are neural tube defects and how do they affect risk of miscarriage?

Ultrasound for Suspected Miscarriage or Pregnancy Loss
Ultrasounds are a common test for suspected pregnancy loss or threatened miscarriage. By using an ultrasound, a doctor can get an image of the gestational sac and the developing baby's heartbeat in order to determine whether or not the pregnancy is viable.

Will Plan B Morning After Pill Cause a Miscarriage?
Although emergency contraception (plan B) can prevent a pregnancy after sex, it will not induce a miscarriage or affect an established pregnancy.

Misoprostol - Medication for Managing Miscarriage
A medication called misoprostol (Cytotec) an alternative to a dilation and curettage procedure for managing a missed or incomplete miscarriage.​

Cramping and Pain Is Normal During a Miscarriage
Miscarriage is a natural process characterized by cramping and vaginal bleeding. The intensity and duration of cramps may be mild, moderate or severe.

Natural and Medical Miscarriage Options
Depending on your symptoms, if you have lost a pregnancy you may be able to choose between a natural or medical miscarriage. Learn more about your options.

What Is a Crown Rump Length (CRL)?
In a pregnancy ultrasound, the crown rump length can help calculate gestational age. Learn more about crown rump length.

Preterm Premature Rupture of Membranes or PPROM
Premature rupture of membranes (PROM) means that the mom's amniotic sac is leaking (aka the water breaking) before she is actually in labor. Preterm PROM (PPROM) is when this occurs before 37 weeks of pregnancy. PPROM is a risk factor for stillbirth and preterm infant loss.

Infection and Pregnancy Loss
Many infections have been linked to pregnancy loss, from sexually transmitted infections to infectious viral infections like parvovirus.

Infection and Pregnancy Loss
Many infections have been linked to pregnancy loss, from sexually transmitted infections to infectious viral infections like parvovirus.

Do Low hCG Levels in Early Pregnancy Mean Miscarriage?
When evaluating hCG levels in early pregnancy, the trend between two tests is far more important than the result of a single test.

What Does Preeclampsia Mean? Is it Dangerous?
Preeclampsia is a dangerous condition that occurs in some pregnancies. It may cause long-term complications for mother and baby. Learn more about it.

Pregnancy and CMV (Cytomegalovirus)
Cytomegalovirus, or CMV, is a very common virus in the general population. About half of pregnant women have been infected prior to pregnancy.

What Does It Mean If There's No Yolk Sac At 6 Weeks?
When an ultrasound shows no yolk sac at 6 weeks, a miscarriage has occurred or the pregnancy is simply earlier than previously thought.

What You Need To Know About Cervix Health
The cervix is the lower portion of the uterus that allows passage of menstrual blood. Conditions affecting the cervix include cervical cancer and HPV.

Does Aspirin Use During Pregnancy Affect Miscarriage Risk?
Some research has linked aspirin (and other NSAIDs) with increased risk of miscarriage. But other research shows the opposite. Learn more here.

How hCG Doubling Times Are Important in Early Pregnancy
Learn why hGC doubling times are an important indicator in early pregnancy, but why they're not always an accurate predictor of future outcomes.

Amniotic Fluid Medical Glossary Definition
Amniotic fluid is the fluid that surrounds a baby in the uterus and supports the pregnancy. Learn about what's normal and about common problems with amniotic fluid.

Do Women Have Increased Fertility After Miscarriage?
You may have heard that women are more fertile after an early miscarriage, but are still told to wait before trying again. Learn what the research says.

Does Fever During Pregnancy Cause Miscarriage?
Fever during pregnancy might increase the risk of neural tube defects, but there is little evidence that fever can cause first-trimester miscarriages.

Unicornuate Uterus Definition and Miscarriage Risk
Women who have unicornuate uteri—smaller uteri with only one functioning fallopian tube—are at increased risk of miscarriage and preterm labor.

Problems With Placenta that Can Lead to Pregnancy Loss
Problems with the placenta are a leading cause of pregnancy loss, such as miscarriage and stillbirth.

A Positive Pregnancy Test After a Miscarriage
It takes an average of 19 days for pregnancy hormones to disappear from the body after a miscarriage, which can cause a false positive pregnancy test.

Can High Blood Pressure Cause a Miscarriage?
High blood pressure in pregnancy can increase the risk of several different pregnancy complications but doesn't appear to cause early miscarriage.

Is There a Link Between Exercise and Miscarriage?
The relationship between miscarriage and exercise isn't clear, but the type of physical activity that you do may make a difference. Learn more here.

What Is a Bicornuate Uterus?
A bicornuate, or heart-shaped, uterus may increase the risk of preterm labor. Learn more about this mllerian anomaly.

Do Prenatal Vitamins Prevent Miscarriages?
It is possible that use of prenatal vitamins before conception and in early pregnancy means a lower risk of miscarriage. Learn why this might be the case.

Is It Possible to Have a Miscarriage Without Bleeding?
It is possible to be diagnosed with a miscarriage without having bleeding or other obvious symptoms. If concerned, contact your physician immediately.

Effects of Premature Birth on Babies
Preterm birth has many effects on a baby depending on how early your baby was born, the types of care they received, and the follow up care provided. Page 2.

Premature Birth, Viability, and Survival Statistics
At what point in pregnancy can a baby survive premature birth? Learn about the point of viability in pregnancy, and when a baby has a decent chance of survival.

My Ultrasound Showed No Fetal Pole. Am I Miscarrying?
The fetal pole is the early developing baby when it first becomes visible on an ultrasound. If there's an empty gestational sac, it might be a miscarriage.

What Does an Early Miscarriage Look Like?
During early pregnancy, miscarriage symptoms would generally include spotting, vaginal bleeding, and possibly cramping. Learn more about these symptoms here.

What is Edwards Syndrome (Trisomy 18)?
Edwards Syndrome is a serious chromosomal condition usually resulting in miscarriage or a still birth. Are you and your partner facing Trisomy 18?

Thyroid Problems in Recurrent Miscarriages
Untreated or poorly controlled thyroid problems during pregnancy may be a cause of miscarriages, and possibly recurrent miscarriages

When Is It Safe To Have Sex Again Following a Miscarriage?
Doctors usually advise abstaining from sexual activity for one to two weeks following a miscarriage because of increased chances of gynecological infections during the miscarriage bleeding.

Coping With Miscarriage and Pregnancy Loss
Learn coping tips for your feelings about miscarriage. Grief may feel overwhelming, especially in the initial aftermath of the pregnancy loss.

Dealing With an Early Miscarriage or Chemical Pregnancy
Know the symptoms of an early miscarriage or chemical pregnancy, when to see a doctor, and how to deal with the physical and emotional aftermath.

Your Complete Guide to Miscarriage in the First Trimester
A first-trimester miscarriage is common, but heartbreaking. Here are answers to questions about diagnosis, symptoms, causes, treatment, and more.

Coping with Fathers’ Day After Pregnancy Loss
Tips for coping with Fathers' Day after you and your partner have experienced the loss of a pregnancy.

When Your Employee Returns to Work After a Pregnancy Loss
Suggestions for employers who have an employee returning to work after time off due to a pregnancy loss.

Do I Have to Wait to Conceive After Miscarriage?
The research on this topic is murky, which is why it's difficult to find a clear answer. Here, some factors to consider before talking to your doctor.

Ectopic Pregnancy Causes and Risk Factors
Ectopic pregnancies are usually tubal (implanted in the fallopian tubes) and can become a medical emergency if left untreated too long. Learn about the risk factors and causes of ectopic pregnancies.

Low Folic Acid Levels and Miscarriage Risk
It's unclear whether too little folic acid contributes to miscarriages. Yet, folic acid supplementation doesn't appear to increase the risk.

Can Smoking During Pregnancy Cause a Miscarriage?
Evidence suggests that cigarette smoking—and even just exposure to secondhand smoke—in pregnancy can increase the risk of miscarriage or stillbirth.

Deciding Whether to Have an Amniocentesis
Many people are concerned about the small risk that having an amniocentesis could cause an unwanted miscarriage. Here's a look at the pros and cons. Page 2.

Deciding Whether to Have an Amniocentesis
Many people are concerned about the small risk that having an amniocentesis could cause an unwanted miscarriage. Let's take a closer look.

Counseling for Depression After Miscarriage
Depression and anxiety frequently occur in women, and sometimes in men, after a miscarriage or stillbirth. Intense grief is normal in the initial aftermath. But if you develop symptoms of clinical depression or anxiety that last for months after the miscarriage, it may be time to see a mental health professional -- and it's perfectly OK to need and reach out for this help.

CVS Prenatal Test - Chorionic Villus Sampling
Chorionic villus sampling (CVS) checks for serious chromosome disorders in fetuses. The risk of miscarriage from CVS and amniocentesis is the same.

Diagnosing Miscarriage With hCG Levels
Your doctor may use your hCG levels to diagnose whether or not you're having a miscarriage. Learn more about what your hCG levels mean.

Can Elevated Prolactin Cause Recurrent Miscarriages?
While some studies have found elevated prolactin levels in women with recurrent miscarriages, there is not enough data to confirm hyperprolactinemia is a culprit in recurrent miscarriages.

The Significance of Short Femur Length in Pregnancy
Femur length may be a factor in dating a pregnancy, monitoring growth or determining the need for additional tests to rule out certain conditions.

What is Biparietal Diameter (BPD) During Pregnancy?
Biparietal diameter (BPD) is a measurement that is useful in dating a pregnancy and estimating fetal weight after about 13 weeks of pregnancy.

Chorionic Villi - Understanding Chorionic Villus Sampling
Chorionic villi are finger-like projections on the edge of the placenta. The chorionic villus sampling (CVS) test is a genetic test for your fetus.

What Is a Fetal Pole?
A fetal pole is the first sign of a developing embryo inside the gestational sac, usually seen with transvaginal ultrasound around 6 weeks gestation.

Miscarriage and Stillbirth Risk in Down Syndrome
About 6,000 babies are born in the U.S. with Down syndrome every year. However, Down syndrome can cause miscarriage and stillbirth.

Knowing the Symptoms and Treatment of Ectopic Pregnancy
Ectopic pregnancies, or tubal pregnancies, happen when a fertilized egg implants someplace other than in the uterus, such as in the fallopian tubes.

Causes and Outcomes of Anencephaly
Anencephaly is a severe neural tube defect that affects a baby's brain and skull. Find out what causes it and how to cope with a diagnosis.

How an Incompetent Cervix May Lead to a Miscarriage
Incompetent cervix is a medical condition in which the cervix dilates too early in the pregnancy, resulting in pregnancy loss or premature birth.

Balanced Translocation and Recurrent Miscarriage
Balanced translocation, or reciprocal translocation, is a type of chromosomal abnormality that can cause recurrent miscarriages in some couples.

What Are the Chances of Having Second Miscarriage?
Fortunately, the odds of experiencing a miscarriage don't necessarily increase much after having a previous pregnancy loss. Learn what affects your risk.

Early Spotting in Pregnancy - Is It a Sign of a Miscarriage?
Up to 40 percent of women have vaginal bleeding in the first trimester. Fifty percent of pregnancies with early bleeding result in normal pregnancies.

D&C After Miscarriage: Benefits and Complications
A D&C (

The Safety of Antidepressants During Pregnancy
Some evidence suggests that antidepressant medications take during pregnancy, such as SSRIs, might raise the risk of miscarriage and other problems.

The Role of Diabetes in Miscarriage and Stillbirth
All types of diabetes have been linked with pregnancy loss. Explore the different types of diabetes, their effects on pregnancy, and effective treatments for diabetes during pregnancy.

Testing for Causes of Recurrent Miscarriages
Women who have had multiple miscarriages should see a doctor for testing for possible causes. About half the time, doctors can find a possibly treatable medical problem that may have caused the recurrent miscarriages.

Does Early Pregnancy Bleeding Mean a Miscarriage?
Vaginal spotting or bleeding in early pregnancy (the first trimester) can be a symptom of miscarriage, but it does not always mean pregnancy loss.

Cramping in Early Pregnancy and Miscarriage
Although early pregnancy cramps can occur when having a miscarriage, mild cramping by itself is not necessarily a symptom of miscarriage.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome Diagnosis
Antiphospholipid syndrome, a.k.a. Hughes Syndrome, is an accepted cause of recurrent miscarriages but it is not always easy to diagnose. Learn what criteria doctors use to determine whether someone has antiphospholipid syndrome.

Anxiety After Miscarriage and Medication Safety During Next Pregnancy
It's common for women to develop anxiety issues after having a miscarriage, and this can be a problem in a subsequent pregnancy. When women struggle with severe anxiety in a pregnancy after a miscarriage, is it safe to use anti-anxiety drugs, such as benzodiazepines or SSRIs, to cope with daily life?

Do Doctors Ever Misdiagnose a Miscarriage?
Doctors are careful about being certain before giving a diagnosis of miscarriage, but rarely, viable pregnancies may be misdiagnosed as miscarriage.

Can You Be Pregnant and Get a Negative Pregnancy Test?
It is possible to get a

Can a Miscarriage Caused Abnormal Vaginal Bleeding?
Vaginal bleeding can occur for a wide range of reasons, and vaginal bleeding is a common first sign of miscarriage when the bleeding occurs during pregnancy. But when considering a past incident of unusual vaginal bleeding, it is sometimes impossible to determine the cause.

Diagnosing Miscarriage by Ultrasound
Ultrasound results can be confusing in the first trimester. Find out how medical professionals distinguish an early pregnancy from a miscarriage.

Can Hypothyroidism Cause Miscarriage?
Hypothyroidism is linked to preeclampsia, miscarriages and other pregnancy complications. Learn the signs and symptoms of an underactive thyroid.

Miscarriage and Stillbirth Causes
An overview of the most common known and suspected factors that contribute to miscarriage, recurrent miscarriage and stillbirth.

Will Exposure to Chickenpox During Pregnancy Cause a Miscarriage
Exposure to infections such as chickenpox (a.k.a. varicella) during pregnancy can bring increased risks. Some infections can lead to miscarriage or stillbirth. The chickenpox virus is not likely to cause a miscarriage, although other problems can occur if pregnant women are exposed.

Can Cold or Flu During Pregnancy Cause a Miscarriage?
A few types of viral and bacterial infections during pregnancy are linked to miscarriage, but should pregnant women worry about cold or the flu?

Does Elective Abortion Increase Future Pregnancy Risks?
There is a lot of mixed information on whether an elective termination (abortion) means an increased risk of future pregnancy complications. If there is an increased risk of miscarriage after abortion, it is most likely to affect women with more than one surgical abortion.

Can an Ectopic Pregnancy Be Saved?
An ectopic pregnancy (aka tubal pregnancy) must be terminated nearly 100% of the time in order to prevent major health risks to the mother.

Can Falling During Pregnancy Cause a Miscarriage?
Accidental falls are unlikely to cause a miscarriage. However, it is important to protect yourself later in pregnancy. Learn what to do if you fall.

When Can I Start Exercising After Having a Miscarriage?
Getting back to the gym depends on how you feel as well as any restrictions placed by your doctor. Learn more about exercising after a miscarriage.

Miscarriage Risk After Amniocentesis
Most sources cite the risk of miscarriage after an amniocentesis to be around 0.5 to 1 percent, but some studies suggest the rate is lower than that.

Can Birth Control Pills Cause a Miscarriage?
Hormonal birth control probably doesn't cause miscarriage, even if you get pregnant while taking it. Learn more about birth control and miscarriage.

Getting Through First Trimester After Miscarriage
It goes without saying that the first trimester of pregnancy after a miscarriage can be a scary and anxiety-filled time. Here are some pointers to get you through the first third of your pregnancy.

Bicornuate Uterus - Miscarriage Due to Bicornuate Uterus
Although a bicornuate or heart-shaped uterus is sometimes found in women having recurrent miscarriages, doctors do not believe that having a bicornuate uterus causes an increased risk of miscarriage. A septate uterus, however, can increase miscarriage risk.

Your Chemical Pregnancy Questions Answered
The true miscarriage rate - including chemical pregnancies - may be around 31 percent, and up to 75 percent of miscarriages are chemical pregnancies.

Fetal Autopsy After Stillbirth
Find out what kind of information one can obtain from a fetal autopsy to determine the cause of a stillbirth.

Signs That Don't Always Mean You're Having Miscarriage
Many early pregnancy concerns are not conclusive signs of a miscarriage or pregnancy loss. Learn the eight signs you may not have to worry about.

Miscarriage Risks - Abnormal Uterus Shape
Problems with the structure of the uterus can increase the risk for recurrent miscarriages and preterm delivery. A few of the most common culprits that contribute to pregnancy loss are septate uterus, fibroids, and polyps.

Does Obesity Cause Miscarriage?
Despite a clear association between overweight and pregnancy loss, obese women are more likely to have a healthy baby than to have a miscarriage.

Symptoms and Signs of an Impending Miscarriage
In many cases, miscarriage signs such as vaginal bleeding, fading pregnancy symptoms and cramping can also occur in healthy pregnancies.

When Will I Get My Period After Having a D&;C?
The wait for the return of your period after D&C can be frustrating, especially if you are hoping to begin trying to conceive after a miscarriage.

Miscarriage Risk If You're Pregnant While Using an IUD
If you become pregnant while using an intrauterine device (IUD), there is more to discuss with your doctor than the possibility of an ectopic pregnancy.

Is Miscarriage Imminent if hCG Is Not Doubling?
If blood tests show that your hCG level is increasing but not doubling, that may or may not be a sign of miscarriage. Here's what you need to know.

How Soon Can You Get Pregnant Again After a Miscarriage?
After a miscarriage, find out how long it takes to get pregnant again. Plus, learn about medical reasons for delaying pregnancy after a loss.

Are Ultrasounds Accurate for Predicting Due Dates?
Sometimes the due dates estimated by an early ultrasound don't match the expected due date based on the last menstrual period. Learn why.

Ultrasound Shows Slow Fetal Heart Rate in First Trimester
A slow heart rate in a developing baby is concerning, and follow-up ultrasound is needed. FInd out more about slow heart beat and miscarriage here.

Is a Faint Line on a Pregnancy Test a Sign of Miscarriage?
Many women repeat home pregnancy tests more than once, and then they wonder if a fainter line is a sign of miscarriage. Why you shouldn't panic.

Morning Sickness Suddenly Stopping in Early Pregnancy
Nausea and other pregnancy symptoms usually last until around the end of the first trimester. Disappearing morning sickness is usually normal.

Fetal Heartbeat and Ultrasound Accuracy
An ultrasound is an accurate tool for finding the baby's heartbeat as long as the pregnancy is far enough along for the heartbeat to be visible.

Early Pregnancy Bleeding and Threatened Miscarriage
Doctors use the term threatened miscarriage for women who experience bleeding in pregnancy (or other miscarriage symptoms) but the cervix is still closed. In these cases, finding out whether or not the signs mean miscarriage might mean waiting a few days to a week for hCG or ultrasound test results.

Parental Karyotype Tests for Recurrent Miscarriages
Chromosome problems cause the majority of miscarriages. Learn when and why your doctor may suggest parental karyotype tests to determine the cause.

Am I Having a Miscarriage?
Signs and symptoms of miscarriage are rarely definitive--especially early on. It can be difficult to tell whether you've had a miscarriage.

Can Sperm Cause Miscarriages?
Chromosome abnormalities are recognized as the leading cause of early miscarriages, and genetic problems can occur with either the sperm or egg.

Can I Use Tampons After an Early Miscarriage?
No specific evidence shows that tampons are dangerous after a miscarriage, but physicians usually advise women to use menstrual pads instead.

Is Tendency Toward Miscarriages Genetic?
Research suggests that some causes of miscarriages are hereditary, but not most. Find out which types of conditions tend to run in families.

Can a Pap Smear Cause a Miscarriage?
Some women worry that a Pap test in early pregnancy could cause a miscarriage, but the exam is extremely unlikely to cause that sort of complication.

Excessive Bleeding After Miscarriage
Bleeding after a miscarriage can often be heavy, but here's how to make sure that you're not hemorrhaging (which is a medical emergency).

Can Low-Dose Aspirin Prevent Miscarriages?
Low-dose aspirin (baby aspirin) is a possible treatment of recurrent miscarriages and may help women with blood clotting disorders or thrombophilia.

Miscarriage and Chromosomal Abnormalities
Miscarriages are usually blamed on chromosomal abnormalities, but why exactly do problems in the chromosomes lead to miscarriage in some cases while babies can be born with chromosomal disorders in other cases? Researchers aren't 100% sure.

How Long Does it Take to Miscarry?
Most women complete a miscarriage—begin and end bleeding—within two weeks of a diagnosis. But in some circumstances, it may take longer.

Can Drinking Alcohol Cause a Miscarriage?
Alcohol and pregnancy don't mix, and drinking during pregnancy can cause numerous problems. Learn more about the risks of drinking while pregnant.

When You Should Worry About Decreased Fetal Movement
In the third trimester, a reduction of fetal movement is a red flag. Learn how kick counts can help you screen for changes in your baby's movement.

Diagnosing Ectopic Pregnancy with Ultrasound
It's not always obvious when a pregnancy is ectopic, and many people do not have symptoms until the tubal pregnancy has become an emergency.

What Are Normal hCG Levels in Early Pregnancy?
An hCG level chart can provides expected results for typical pregnancies by week of pregnancy, but the trend is more important than any single number.

What to Do If Your Stomach Hurts During Early Pregnancy
Stomach pains, in the true sense of the word, are usually not a miscarriage symptom. However, the cramps associated with miscarriage are different.

Signs and Symptoms of Incomplete Miscarriage
An incomplete miscarriage is when tissue from the pregnancy remains in the uterus. Learn more about the symptoms and treatment of this condition.

Facts About Heterotopic Pregnancy
In this type of multiple gestation, one fetus is ectopic (outside the womb) and not viable, while another is potentially viable (inside the uterus).

Chromosome Karyotype/CMA Testing for Miscarriage Cause
After a miscarriage, parents may choose to run a karyotype or chromosome microarray analysis test on the baby's tissue to confirm or rule out chromosome disorders as the cause of the miscarriage. Chromosome testing may be of particular interest in couples having multiple miscarriages.

Subchorionic Hemorrhage During Pregnancy
Bleeding during pregnancy can be a sign of miscarriage but another possible explanation is a subchorionic hematoma, which can be manageable.

True Miscarriage Rates and Statistics
The average risk of miscarrying before 20 weeks is somewhere between 10 and 20 percent. Various factors can increase or decrease your individual risk.

Intrauterine Fetal Demise or Stillbirth
Intrauterine fetal demise is a type of pregnancy loss. It is the clinical term for stillbirth, or fetal death at or after 20 weeks of pregnancy.

Cramping During Early Pregnancy: When to Worry
Early pregnancy cramps frequently occur in normal pregnancies and are usually not a sign of problems. Severe cramps that don't go away may be serious.

Infection After Miscarriage: Signs and Symptoms
Rarely after certain OB-GYN procedures, retained tissue in the uterus can lead to dangerous infection, known as septic miscarriage or septic abortion.

Using Progesterone to Prevent Recurrent Miscarriage
Progesterone supplements are controversial but often used to treat women who have low progesterone levels and a history of recurrent miscarriages.

Using Progesterone to Prevent Recurrent Miscarriage
Progesterone supplements are often used to treat women who have low progesterone levels and who have a history of recurrent miscarriages. Learn more here. Page 2.

Infections that May Cause Miscarriage and Stillbirth
Certain bacterial and viral infections, such as chlamydia and parvovirus B19 (fifth disease), can be linked to pregnancy loss.

13 Milestones for Your Pregnancy After Miscarriage
Feeling anxious in a pregnancy after miscarriage? Use this pregnancy countdown to check off milestones throughout your next pregnancy, leading up to your baby's birth.

13 Milestones for Your Pregnancy After Miscarriage
Feeling anxious in a pregnancy after miscarriage? Use this pregnancy countdown to check off milestones throughout your next pregnancy, leading up to your baby's birth.

After a Miscarriage: Your Third Trimester of Pregnancy
If you've had a miscarriage in the past and are in your third trimester, you may still feel cautious. Find out how to prepare for your baby's arrival.

When You Suffer Clinical Depression After a Miscarriage
The signs of depression don't differ much from those of typical grief after a miscarriage. Thus, it can be hard to tell when grief becomes depression.

When Do Most Miscarriages Occur?
Most estimates state that 80 percent of miscarriages happen before 12 weeks of pregnancy. As pregnancy progresses, miscarriage risk decreases.

When Is It Safe to Conceive After Stillbirth?
Advice varies on when it is safe to conceive after stillbirth, and there are no large studies to support a specific recommendation on when to get pregnant again. There may be an elevated risk of post-traumatic stress disorder when moms get pregnant again immediately after a late pregnancy loss.

When Do hCG Levels Stop Doubling During Pregnancy?
The hormone hCG tends to double every two to three days throughout the first four weeks or so of pregnancy, but the timeframe varies among women.

When Can You Hear the Baby's Heartbeat on a Doppler?
Using a home Doppler device can be an exciting and reassuring way to heart your baby's heartbeat. But are these devices safe and beneficial?

What to Say When Someone Has a Miscarriage
Learn what to say when someone has a miscarriage as well as what to avoid doing and how you can give the person the space necessary to grieve.

What You Need to Know About Ectopic Pregnancies
Learn about ectopic and tubal pregnancy signs and symptoms, diagnosis and treatment options, as well as what to expect from future pregnancies.

What to Expect From a D&C for Early Miscarriage
A D&C, or dilation and curettage, is a surgical treatment used to clear the uterus and end the physical part of miscarriage.

What Should I Do if I Have No Period After Miscarriage?
It can take some time for your monthly menstrual cycles to resume following miscarriages. If you're concerned, please speak with your OB-GYN.

What To Do With Nursery After Stillbirth or Miscarriage
The later in pregnancy your loss, the more likely you've set up your nursery. What is the protocol about baby shower gifts after a miscarriage?

What Is the Definition of a Miscarriage?
Pregnancy loss is the unintentional loss of a desired pregnancy; the term is defined as a miscarriage, stillbirth or medically indicated termination.

What Is a Missed Miscarriage?
A missed miscarriage occurs when a woman is miscarrying a fetus but hasn't yet experienced symptoms (such as vaginal bleeding or cramping).

What Happens During a Miscarriage?
Bleeding and cramping are common miscarriage signs, although they don't always occur. If you're experiencing bleeding, talk to your doctor right away.

What Causes Spotting in Early Pregnancy?
Early spotting, or light vaginal bleeding, in pregnancy can have numerous causes, only one of which is an impending miscarriage. Learn more about spotting.

What Does Pregnancy Spotting Look Like?
Spotting is light vaginal bleeding in pregnancy. Learn how to distinguish normal bleeding from worrisome bleeding by analyzing its amount and color.

What Are Missed Miscarriage Symptoms?
Most women do not have warning signs of a missed miscarriage -- and as a result the diagnosis can catch you off guard. Possible missed miscarriage symptoms can include loss of pregnancy symptoms or lack of a fetal heartbeat on ultrasound.

What an Ultrasound Tech Can Tell You
Over the years I have read many personal stories of miscarriages, and one often recurring theme is that people will often have confusing experiences with

Can a Home Pregnancy Test Tell You You've Miscarried?
Home pregnancy tests are highly reliable indicators of pregnancy. However, they're less reliable when it comes to diagnosing miscarriages.

Can Viral Hepatitis In Pregnancy Cause a Miscarriage?
In most cases, viral hepatitis does not increase the risk of miscarriage or pregnancy loss. But an infection can pose other serious risks to the baby.

Viruses May Play Larger Role in Causing Stillbirths
An Australian research team has found evidence that common viruses, such as cytomegalovirus, may be a more prevalent cause of stillbirth than has been previously believed.

What Is Velamentous Cord Insertion?
A velamentous cord is an umbilical cord that is inserted in the amniotic sac instead of directly into the placenta. Learn more about this pregnancy complication.

Vanishing Twin Syndrome Statistics
Vanishing twin syndrome is a term for the spontaneous loss, or miscarriage, of one developing baby early in a multiple pregnancy.

Normal Length of Bleeding After Miscarriage
The number of days of vaginal bleeding after a miscarriage varies for each woman, and may depend on whether it happened naturally or through a D&C.

Vasa Previa Diagnosis and Treatment to Stop Stillbirth
Vasa previa is a potentially devastating pregnancy complication in which fetal blood vessels grow across the cervix and can rupture during labor.

Why Use Unproven Treatments for Recurrent Miscarriages?
Despite the numerous tests for potential recurrent miscarriage causes, only a few are widely accepted by most in the medical community.

Uterine Fibroids - A Cause of Recurrent Miscarriages
Uterine fibroids are common lumps of tissue that can cause miscarriages and fertility problems in some women. But certain treatments can help.

The Pros and Cons of an Early Pregnancy Test
With the availability of very sensitive home pregnancy tests, you could be considering taking one before your period is due. This could lead to grief.

New Pregnancy Safety and Risks After Ectopic Pregnancy
After having one tubal pregnancy, you may be worrying whether it is safe to even try for a new pregnancy after the ectopic pregnancy. In most cases, the answer is yes, but it's wise to be monitored by a doctor from early along in the event of a repeat tubal pregnancy.

Using Pregnancy Dating After a Miscarriage or Pregnancy Loss
While the dating methods used in pregnancy can seem confusing, it is important to know how far along you are to get the best care.

Understanding Molar Pregnancy – What the Terms Mean
Molar pregnancy can be really confusing, involving a lot of unfamiliar terms like hydatidiform mole, gestational trophoblastic disease, and more. Learn what all the terms mean.

What Does No Gestational Sac Mean?
A lack of a gestational sac can mean your pregnancy is in early stages or something more concerning. Learn more about gestational sacs.

Understanding the Causes of a Blighted Ovum
A blighted ovum is a miscarriage in which the baby doesn't develop, but a gestational sac grows and the woman experiences pregnancy symptoms.

Umbilical Cord Accidents as Cause of Stillbirth
An umbilical cord accident means something happened to disrupt the blood flow to the baby during pregnancy. Most cannot be prevented.

Understanding Different Types of Miscarriage
Pregnancy loss can happen for a number of reasons and generally falls into several categories, including miscarriage in the first or second trimester, ectopic pregnancy, molar pregnancy, missed miscarriage, blighted ovum, stillbirth, neonatal death, or medically indicated termination.

Ectopic (Tubal) Pregnancy and hCG Levels
Research shows that a low or slow-rising hCG level could indicate an ectopic (tubal) pregnancy—but not necessarily. Many factors come into play.

Mothers' Day After Pregnancy Loss
Strategies for coping with your emotions during Mothers' Day and suggestions for how to spend the holiday after you've had a pregnancy loss.

Mothers’ Day Card Ideas After Pregnancy Loss
Suggestions for what to write in a Mothers' Day card to someone in your life who has had a pregnancy loss.

Triploidy - Its Relationship to Miscarriage, Stillbirth
Triploidy is a fatal disorder in which a fetus has three copies of every chromosome instead of two. It's diagnosed through only genetic testing.

Trisomy 22 Types and Their Link to Miscarriage
Trisomies are the most common cause of miscarriages, and trisomy 22 is one of the more common trisomies found in first-trimester miscarriages.

What Is a Trisomy?
A trisomy is a chromosome abnormality in which there are three copies of a chromosome rather than two. Certain trisomies can cause miscarriages.

Truths and Myths About Causes of Miscarriage
There's a lot of confusing information about miscarriage causes and risk factors, and no one seems to quite agree on what's myth and what's truth. Here is your guide to the real story on various claims about what can and cannot cause a miscarriage.

Truths and Myths About Causes of Miscarriage
There's a lot of confusing information about miscarriage causes and risk factors, and no one seems to quite agree on what's myth and what's truth. Here is your guide to the real story on various claims about what can and cannot cause a miscarriage.

Dos and Don'ts When You're Trying to Conceive
When you're trying to conceive after a miscarriage, watch out for these dos and don'ts to keep your pregnancy odds high and miscarriage risk as low as possible.

Molar Pregnancy Causes, Symptoms and Treatment
Molar pregnancy is a scary condition that causes pregnancy tissue to overgrow, and the fetus does not develop normally.

3 Treatment Approaches for Tubal or Ectopic Pregnancy
Treatment for an ectopic or tubal pregnancy does not always include emergency surgery. Often a drug called methotrexate can be effective treatment.

Natural Miscarriage After First-Trimester Loss
When miscarriage is not a medical emergency, women sometimes can choose which type of medical management they prefer including

Natural Miscarriage After First-Trimester Loss
When miscarriage is not a medical emergency, women sometimes can choose which type of medical management they prefer including

Miscarriage Research: Causes vs Risk Factors
It can be harder than you would think to distinguish between a cause of miscarriage and a risk factor. It helps to understand the difference between correlation and causation when you look at the research.

Miscarriage Risk Factors - Risk Factors Not Proven as Causes of Miscarriage
Many risk factors have a statistical correlation with miscarriage but might or might not actually cause miscarriage. Scientists do not yet understand the link. But trying to cut out miscarriage risk factors can be beneficial for your health anyway. Page 2.

Treatment for a Second Trimester Miscarriage
Treatment for second trimester miscarriage is different from that of first trimester miscarriage; options include medical or surgical management.

Common Questions About Delivering a Stillborn Baby
When stillbirths occur, a woman must still undergo labor or a C-section to deliver her baby. Get the answers to common questions about stillbirths.

Celiac Disease - Miscarriages and Celiac Disease
What's the evidence linking celiac disease to miscarriages? Should you be tested if you're having recurrent pregnancy losses? Find out here.

Miscarriage Support Organizations
There are a large number of nonprofit organizations that organize support groups for grieving families and coordinate advocacy efforts to promote awareness of miscarriage and pregnancy loss. This is a list of some major groups across the United States and around the world.

Luteal Phase (Menstrual Cycle Defect) and Miscarriage
Some believe that a shortened luteal phase, or luteal phase defect, during the menstrual cycle may contribute to the risk of miscarriage. Learn more here.

Thrombophilia - A Common Source of Multiple Miscarriages
Thrombophilia is an increased tendency to form internal blood clots. Certain thrombophilias can cause recurrent miscarriages and stillbirths.

6 Warning Signs of a Problem in Pregnancy
If you have these six warning signs while pregnant don't delay calling your doctor because they may mean a serious problem. Better safe than sorry.

6 Times Pregnant Women Probably Don't Need Medical Help
Get the facts on the right time to contact your doctor or get checked out at the hospital for a possible miscarriage or pregnancy loss.

10 Things You Didn't Know About Miscarriage
While there is a lot of information on the Internet about miscarriage, here is a list of the top 10 things you didn't know about pregnancy loss.

Is Loss of Pregnancy Symptoms a Sign of Miscarriage?
Pregnancy symptoms can fade, fluctuate, or disappear entirely even during a normal pregnancy and are not necessarily miscarriage symptoms.

Is It Possible to Have a Period During Pregnancy?
Generally it is not possible to have a menstrual period during pregnancy, but bleeding during pregnancy can occur for a number of reasons.

Info on Heavy Bleeding During Pregnancy
Heavy bleeding during pregnancy is most commonly a sign of miscarriage, but there are other possible explanations for heavy, red vaginal bleeding, so it is important to see a doctor.

Interpreting hCG Levels in Early Pregnancy
In early pregnancy, doctors often use serial tests of the pregnancy hormone hCG to gather clues about how the pregnancy is progressing.

Teratogens - Pregnancy Risks Like Drinking and Smoking
A teratogen is any agent, including drinking or smoking, that causes abnormalities when a fetus is exposed to it during the mother's pregnancy.

When Teenage Pregnancy Ends in Miscarriage
Pregnant teenagers have a greater risk of miscarriage than adults. Learn about their unique risk factors and how to help, not hurt, your teen's recovery.

Implantation Bleeding or Early Miscarriage?
Light vaginal bleeding, or spotting, in early pregnancy may be due to implantation bleeding and may not necessarily be a sign of miscarriage. Learn what implantation bleeding looks like, when it occurs and how to distinguish implantation bleeding from an early miscarriage.

Talking to Children About Miscarriage and Pregnancy Loss
Many parents struggle with how to tell their children about a miscarriage. Based on your children's ages there are several ways to explain pregnancy loss.

How to Talk About Miscarriage or Pregnancy Loss
Pregnancy loss is hard enough on you as the person experiencing it, but many people also struggle with how to inform friends, relatives, and coworkers of a recent miscarriage or stillbirth.

Methods for Tracking Ovulation When Trying to Get Pregnant
When trying to conceive after a miscarriage, tracking ovulation can sometimes be helpful in getting pregnant again as quickly as possible. Here are some methods for predicting and tracking ovulation.

Can Stress During Pregnancy Cause a Miscarriage?
There are many different opinions about the effects of stress on a pregnancy. Learn more about your actual miscarriage risk and how stress can affect your pregnancy.

Does Stress During Pregnancy Cause a Miscarriage?
Stress during pregnancy is controversial as a potential risk factor for or cause of miscarriage. Some sources claim the link is a myth, but some research studies support that high stress or anxiety in the mother might be a cause of miscarriages. Page 2.

Stillbirth Risk in Overdue Pregnancies
Is there an increased risk of stillbirth in an overdue pregnancy that's progressed past the due date? The answer is yes, but the risk is only slightly increased compared to full-term pregnancies.

5 Stages of Grief That Commonly Follow a Miscarriage
Many women go through five stages of grief after a miscarriage. Sadness may be overwhelming at first, but coping with the loss gets easier with time.

How to Reduce Miscarriage Risk by Avoiding Risk Factors
Miscarriage is usually no one's fault, and even women with no miscarriage risk factors can have a pregnancy loss. However, studies have found that a few lifestyle factors can increase risk of pregnancy loss. Avoiding these risk factors can increase the odds of a successful pregnancy.

What Are the Most Common Stillbirth Causes?
Many stillbirths are unexplained. We review some of the most common factors that are known to cause stillbirth, including genetic problems.

STDs and the Risk of Related Pregnancy Problems
Some STDs can increase the risk of miscarriage or other pregnancy complications. With proper treatment, STDs can be managed in pregnancy.

Spotting During Pregnancy - Questions and Answers
Spotting during pregnancy can be scary even though you may know it's not necessarily a sign of miscarriage. Get answers to common questions about light vaginal bleeding in the first trimester, such as what implantation bleeding looks like, possible causes of spotting and what to do if you are worried about miscarriage.

How a Septate Uterus Affects Miscarriage Risk
Having a septate uterus is a risk factor for recurrent miscarriages and preterm birth, but treating it can improve the odds of a successful pregnancy.