Neurology Sitemap - Page 1 2016-09-26

Neurology in the Courtroom
What happens when neuroscience crosses paths with the legal system?

Common Medical Problems in the Neuro-ICU
Patients with neurological diseases are more prone to specific complications. Staff in the neuro-ICU watch carefully for these problems.

What Would a Zombie Brain Look Like?
Two researchers have constructed a model of the fictional zombie brain, using the undead to liven up interest in neuroscience.

What is Brown-Séquard Syndrome?
Brown-Séquard Syndrome is a combination of pain and temperature sensory loss from one half of the body, with weakness and other sensory losses on the other half, all from the same lesion. The cause is the organization of the flow of information in the spinal cord.

Huntington's Disease
Huntington's disease is an inherited disorder causing writhing movements and changes in mood and thinking.

Strange Reflexes
You may know the patellar reflex, when the doctor taps on your knee, but the body has many other reflexes. Here's some of the strange ways our bodies can respond automatically.

What Is Lhermitte's Sign?
Lhermitte's sign is a form of nerve pain seen in Multiple Sclerosis that feels like an electrical jolt extending from the neck down to the feet.

Suicide in Neurology
Neurological disorders can be terrible. Can we expect people to live with them?

Congenital Myopathies
What are some genetic causes of weakness in newborns?

God and Neurological Disease
Neurological illness presents special challenges to those who seek comfort in faith. How does one begin to make sense of seemingly random events?

Glioblastoma Multiforme
Glioblastoma, also known as glioblastoma multiforme, GBM, or a grade 4 astrocytoma, is one of the most common and aggressive types of brain tumors.

Meningioma - Diagnosis, Risks, and Grades
Meningiomas are tumors that grow from the tissues that surround the brain. These are slow growing and easily treated, but also can be serious.

Radiation and Chemotherapy for Malignant Glioma
While surgery is important for treating brain tumors, it is not always sufficient or possible. Fortunately, other options are available like chemotherapy.

Medical Marijuana in Neurology
Can cannibinoids help people with neurological disease?

Understanding Dysautonomia in Autonomic Nervous System
The autonomic nervous system controls vital functions automatically. What happens when the autonomic nervous system doesn't function properly?

True Strength - Kevin Sorbo's Recovery from Stroke
Kevin Sorbo, the man who played Hercules in the well-known television series, suffered from stroke in 1997 at the young age of 38.

Myeloneuropathy Symptoms From Vitamin B12 Deficiency
Low vitamin B12 can cause changes in thinking, sensation, and walking. Learn what causes vitamin B12 deficiency and how it is diagnosed and treated.

Vitamin Deficiencies and Myeloneuropathy
Lack of vitamin B12 isn't the only thing that can numbness, tingling, and weakness. Deficiencies of copper, folate, or vitamin E can also cause problems with the spinal cord.

Infections of the Spinal Cord: Defining Myelopathy
The spinal cord, like any other part of the nervous system, can become infected. Paralysis, numbness, and worse can myelopathy.

Mitochondrial Disorders in Neurology
Mitochondria are fascinating and critical parts of the cell. When something goes wrong, the nervous system is often the first to become damaged.

When to Start Levodopa in Parkinson's Disease
When to start Levodopa, in Parkinson's disease is a controversial topic. Learn why some people recommend waiting before starting this medication?

Diagnosing and Treating Ulnar Neuropathy
The uncomfortable feeling that results from hitting your

How Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus is Diagnosed
Treatment of Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus (NPH) can be risky, so a proper diagnosis is critical. Learn how doctors diagnose NPH, and why it's tricky.

Causes and Consequences of Benign Essential Tremor
Read about the accuracy of the term

Radial Nerve Injury - Symptoms and Treatment
The radial nerve is one nerve that supplies the ​hand as well as parts of the arm. Injury can lead to distinctive patterns of numbness and weakness.

How Doctors Diagnosis a Brain Tumor
Learn about signs and symptoms, imaging tests like MRI, and more invasive procedures like brain biopsies that doctors use to diagnose a brain tumor.

Neurological Disease in Great Composers
Learn about the neurological illnesses that afflicted great composers, from Beethoven to Gershwin.

Varicella Zoster Virus and the Nervous System
Herpes zoster, also called varicella zoster, can do much more than chicken pox or even shingles...

Neurological Disorders Due to Lysosomal Dysfunction
Metachromatic leukodystrophy, Fabry disease, and Krabbe disease all result from disorders of the lysosome.

An Overview of How Your Muscles Work
No matter how weak you feel, muscles still exist throughout your body. Learn more about how they work.

Carbon Monoxide Toxicity
How to recognize an invisible and potentially lethal gas.

Migraines and the Brain
A report on headache and neuroimaging from the 2015 American Academy of Neurology's annual meeting.

Cognitive Changes After Anesthesia
Does anesthesia contribute to permanent memory and thinking problems? Learn more about the risks of cognitive impairment after having anesthesia.

Neurological Itches and Why Scratching Doesn't Help
Read about neurological causes of itching, how these itches come about in the nervous system, and why some itches are not alleviated by scratching.

Viral Meningoencephalitis in Kids
How to recognize and address viral meningitis and encephalitis in kids.

Benign Seizures in Infants
Not all seizures in infancy and childhood pose a serious outcome for the child. Here are some harmless and some less severe forms of infant epilepsy.

Indications and Risks of a CT Scan versus an MRI
Understand why your doctor may order a CT scan versus an MRI, what the risks are involved with each, and how you can best prepare yourself for one.

Kluver-Bucy Syndrome
What happens when the anterior temporal lobes and amygdalae go missing?

New Developments in Anti-Seizure Medications
A brief review of new anti-seizure medications that offer options to those with poorly controlled seizures, but carry their own risks and challenges.

Finding the Cause of Weakness
When someone is weak, neurologists try to figure out exactly where the source of weakness lies. All other steps in determining the cause of weakness follow this crucial step.

Disorders of the Neuromuscular Junction
The three most common neuromuscular junction disorders all present with weakness, but distinguishing among them is critical for successful treatment.

Treatments for Myasthenia Gravis
Myasthenia gravis used to be uniformly disabling and usually fatal, but can now usually be well controlled with medical therapy and trigger avoidance.

Myasthenia Gravis: An Overview
Myasthenia gravis causes muscle weakness and fatigue, but is a well understood disorder with successful treatments currently available.

Vestibular Migraine - Causes and Symptoms
Migraines can mimic almost any neurological problem, and among those is dizziness. People with migraine often complain of nausea and a sense of spinning.

What is Synesthesia And How Does It Work?
The term synesthesia comes from the Greek for syn (together) and aesthesia (sensation). The term describes an automatic and involuntary blending of senses. Acoustic information may become olfactory, for example, so that music has a certain smell. While almost any type of sensory blending is possible, some forms are more commonly reported than others.

How the Brain Shapes How You Feel
Learn how the emotions of everyday life are controlled by your brain. These feelings depend on complicated, interwoven networks.

Learn about apraxia, or the inability to perform a skilled movement despite intact strength, sensation, and other cognitive faculties.

Anatomy of Memory
The ability to remember is one of the most distinctive things about the brain. How does it do it?

The Hypothalamus - Parts and Function
How does the brain control the autonomic and endocrine systems? Learn about the hypothalamus parts and function in the brain.

An Overview of Pseudobulbar Affect
If you're laughing or crying uncontrollably, you may have pseudobulbar affect. Learn more about this brain disorder.

Understanding the Symptoms of Balint's Syndrome
Learn about a rare and disabling neurological condition called Balint's syndrome that is characterized by visual and spatial deficits, including what causes it.

Mirror Neurons and Brain Imitation
Read about mirror neurons, which are nerve cells activated both when you perform an action or feel a sensation or emotion, and when someone else does.

What Are Olfactory Disorders and What Causes Them?
Olfactory disorders, which cause dysfunction in the sense of smell, can compromise quality of life and put patients at risk of toxic exposure.

Frontal Lobotomy and Ethical Questions of Psychosurgery
The frontal lobotomy was an early example of psychosurgery, a controversial surgical procedure intended to alter someone's mood, thoughts or behavior.

The Science of How We Get Motivated
Many of the regions that are associated with drive and motivation physically connect our emotions with action. Learn more.

Strokes Suffered by Great Composers
Stroke is one of the most common neurological diseases, and many great classical composers have suffered from strokes. Learn some of their stories.

Parasitic Infections of the Central Nervous System
Parasitic infections can invade practically any part of the body imaginable. Those that infect the nervous system are dangerous and disquieting.

Fungal CNS Infections - Neurology
Fungal infections of the central nervous system are not particularly common, but when such infections occur, the results can be devastating.

Aseptic Meningitis - Symptoms and Causes
The most common cause of inflammation in the tissues that surround the brain is not a bacterial infection, but a virus.

The Social Brain
The human brain is built for social interaction and helps define who we are in society. Learn how science helps explain why we socialize and how.

Information on Intracerebral Hemorrhage
About 15 percent of strokes are hemorrhagic in which a ruptured arterycauses bleeding in the brain. Learn about this rarer but deadlier type of stroke.

What is Ataxia?
Ataxia is the medical term for clumsiness, which can be caused by many things, but is sometimes associated with a problem in the cerebellum.

Various Types of Episodic Ataxia
Episodic ataxia is a rare group of genetic disorders that result in periods of​ which patients lack muscle control and coordination.

Endovascular Stroke Treatment
For a dozen years, the only FDA approved way to treat acute stroke was with tissue plasminogen activator (tPA). Now, there are other ways to remove the clots that cause acute strokes in the brain.

Introduction to Subarachnoid Hemorrhage
Subarachnoid hemorrhage is one of the most severe neurological illnesses. This intracranial bleeding can occur suddenly and dramatically in people who may have seemed healthy just beforehand, killing about half of those afflicted and leaving many others with lasting neurological deficits. Learn more about this disorder here, including how to recognize the symptoms and what risk factors to avoid.

How Are Ultrasounds Used in Neurology?
Most people associate ultrasounds as being a method for checking on an unborn fetus during pregnancy, but ultrasound has many uses in neurology.

Complications of Subarachnoid Hemorrhage
Life-threatening complications, like vasospasm, may occur after a subarachnoid hemorrhage, which is when blood ruptures from an artery in the brain.

Potential Complications of Carotid Endarterectomy
Carotid endarterectomy can be an effective procedure to treat carotid stenosis. It can restore blood flow to the brain and reduce the risk of stroke.

Understanding and Treating Carotid Artery Stenosis
Learn about carotid artery stenosis and how it's treated, including information about medical therapy, a surgical procedure, and artery stenting.

How Bell's Palsy is Treated
Bell's palsy leads to facial weakness on one side. While most people recover well from Bell's palsy, there are some ways to heal more and faster.

Overview of ALS and Other Motor Neuron Diseases
ALS is part of a larger family of diseases in which the nerves responsible for movement degenerate, leading to weakness and other problems. Learn more.

Managing Breathing and Feeding Problems in ALS
While there is no cure for ALS, there are ways to cope with serious symptoms, like malnutrition and breathing problems, and maximize your comfort.

Coping with and Treating Essential Tremor
While essential tremor isn't as serious as Parkinson's disease, it can still be debilitating. Read about ways to cope with and treat essential tremor.

The Musical Mind - How the Brain Appreciates Music
How do sound waves moving our eardrums lead to tapping feet or teary eyes? Why can a particular piece of music make our friend smile but leave us cold?

Dystonia - Medical, Surgical & Supportive Therapies
Dystonia causes involuntary muscle contractions that can be uncomfortable, disabling, and embarrassing. Read about the treatments here.

General Understanding of Consciousness
By studying diminished consciousness, neurologists can determine what brain structures and chemicals help maintain alertness and awareness.

Disorders of Impaired Consciousness
Understand the definition of consciousness, ways doctors describe consciousness, and seven medical examples of impaired consciousness in patients.

Definition and Diagnosis of Brain Death
The term brain death means death without any chance of recovery. Learn how doctors diagnose brain death in the hospital, and how you can cope with it.

What Causes Seizures?
Understanding what happens during a seizure requires an understanding a result of abnormal electrical activity in the brain. This analogy can help.

What Is Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging?
Functional MRI is a technique that depicts brain activity correlated with certain activities. Learn more about how these images are made and used.

Confirmatory Tests For Brain Death
Like any other form of death, brain death can usually be diagnosed at the bedside by a qualified physician. Additional testing may be called for.

How Doctors Diagnose Guillain-Barré Syndrome
Guillain-Barré is a potentially dangerous syndrome with weakness that spreads up the body. Learn more about how doctors can tell whether you have this disorder.

Are Generic Antiepileptic Medications the Same as Brand Name?
Address the controversy of whether brand name antiepileptics are really the same as less expensive generics, and what this means for you.

The Brain in Love - A Dissection of Desire
Once thought to be beyond our understanding, or at least relegated to the realm of philosophers and poets, today, love has an explanation in science.

What Is a Neurologist and When Should You See One?
Neurologists focus on the brain, spinal cord, nerves and muscles. When symptoms warrant it, a neurological consult can be helpful and important.

Interpreting EMG and NCS Results
Electromyography (EMG) and nerve conduction studies (NCSs) help neurologists locate and find the cause of diseases of muscle and peripheral nerves.

Amoeba in the Central Nervous System
Amoeba are one-celled organisms that usually harmlessly coexist with humans, but learn how they can rarely and fatally affect the brain and spinal cord.​

What Are the Causes of Hallucinations?
Hallucinations can cause us to question the very nature of our reality. What causes us to see or hear what others don't?

Elevated Intracranial Pressure
Elevated intracranial pressure is a serious condition that can cause headaches, vision changes, and even coma and death if not treated in time.

Severe Finger Tremor? Classification Types May Help You
When evaluating a head, hand or finger tremor, neurologists classify them based on different disease types—learn about the classifications of tremor.

Managing the Symptoms of ALS to Improve Quality of Life
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a terribly debilitating disease, but there are ways for people with ALS to improve their quality of life.

Dangerous Causes of Dizziness
What are the potentially life-threatening causes of dizziness? Read about vertebrobasilar insufficiency, medication toxicity, heart diseases, and more.

Understanding Delusions in Dementia
Delusions are common manifestations of dementia. Learn about potential causes and risk factors of delusions, as well as ways of coping with them.

The Autonomic Nervous System
The autonomic nervous system controls vital functions like blood pressure, heart rate, breathing, sweating, and other things beyond our conscious control.

The Cranial Nerves and Their Functions
The cranial nerves relay important information to and from the brain without going through the spine and cause specific symptoms when disrupted.

The Frontal Lobes and Their Function
The frontal lobes are responsible for many of the things that make us who we are -- our ability to plan, control basic emotions, and even our personality.

An Overview of Prion Diseases
Prions disease can be inherited, acquired or sporadic. Learn about the development and symptoms of this fatal neurodegenerative disease.

Spinocerebellar Ataxia: Genetic Clumsiness Disorders
When people discuss spinal cerebellar ataxia (SCA), they are referring to a group of neurodegenerative disorders that cause progressive clumsiness.

What is Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy?
An summary of chronic traumatic encephalopathy, or CTE, caused by head injuries, diagnosed only after death, and best known for affecting athletes.

Identifying and Managing Essential Tremor
Essential tremor isn't life-threatening, but the symptoms can interfere with quality of life. Learn the difference between ET and Parkinson's tremors.

Introduction to Guillain-Barre Syndrome
Guillain-Barre is a potentially life-threatening autoimmune disorder of the peripheral nervous system that causes weakness, numbness, and other symptoms.

The Body's Natural Reflexes
What are reflexes, and why do neurologists and other doctors keep whacking our knees with that hammer?

Psychogenic Nonepileptic Seizures Explained
Conversion disorders like psychogenic nonepileptic seizures​ (PNES) occur when a psychiatric stress manifests as a neurological illness.

What It Means to Be in a Coma
Many things can cause coma, and the probability of recovery can range from certain to no chance. You need to know why and how bad the coma is.

Anterior Horn of the Spinal Cord
The anterior horn of the spinal cord plays a role in such motor neuron diseases as polio or ALS. Learn what actions it is responsible for.

Emotion and the Brain: Taking Sides
Experts disagree on how the brain organizes our emotions. Learn more about where emotions are located and the right brain vs left brain theories.

Rare Causes of Acute Recurrent Vertigo or Dizziness
If you're suffering from acute attacks of dizziness or vertigo and the most common problems have been ruled out, here are rarer causes to consider.

When Is Dizziness Something to Worry About?
How can you tell when your dizziness is due to a medical problem? Read this article to learn about lightheadedness, disequilibrium, and vertigo.

The Limbic System
Learn about the limbic system in the human brain, which manages emotions, but also memory, olfaction and more.

Hypothalamus Regions and Function in the Body
The hypothalamus connects emotions and the body. Learn more about this part of the brain, and how it talks to the body.

Common Causes and Treatments for a Tremor
Learn about the variable causes of tremor, the science behind why they occur, and how tremors are diagnosed and treated by a neurologist.

What Is Paresthesia in Neurology?
What are the differences between Transient and chronic paresthesias? These are feelings in the body that shouldn't be there, like tingling sensations.

Spots on an MRI - White Matter Hyperintensities
Many people are alarmed to hear that their MRI shows several small white spots. What causes these white spots on a brain MRI? Learn the facts here.

What Causes Numb or Tingling Fingers?
Whether in the index finger, thumb, or toes, tingling and numbness are common. How do neurologists think about this problem and identify the cause?

Understanding CT Scan Results
CT scans are frequently ordered by neurologists and doctors, especially in emergency situations. What do the images show, and how are these interpreted?

Introduction to Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurologically devastating disease in which patients slowly lose their ability to move.

What Is Bell's Palsy and What Is the Chance of Recovery?
Bell's palsy involves the sudden weakness of half the face. It can mimic more serious diseases like stroke, but is itself not dangerous.

Do You Have Postconcussive Syndrome?
Postconcussive syndrome is a controversial medical diagnosis, but few would dispute that many people suffer from similar symptoms following a head injury.

What Is a Fasciculation and What Can Treat It?
Almost of all of us have had a fasciculation at some point. Read about what they are, what diseases can cause them, how to treat them, and more symptoms​.

How To Manage and Treat Meningioma
Often, meningiomas only require periodic evaluation. Sometimes, treatment is called for. Read about the ways you can manage meningiomas.

What Is Cerebral Venous Thrombosis?
Blood clots in the cerebral veins are relatively uncommon, but can be difficult to diagnose. Learn more about cerebral venous thrombosis here.

What is Hyperperfusion Syndrome?
What is hyperperfusion as it relates to the brain? What are its causes and how can it be prevented?

Muscle Biopsies
Here's our comprehensive overview of the muscle biopsy procedure, including what it's used to diagnose and what to expect during the procedure.

Stimulation devices for epilepsy:
In addition to medications, there are electrical devices that can help limit seizure activity. Learn more about these devices.

Neurocysticercosis - Tapeworm Larvae in the Brain
Neurocysticercosis is when there are parasitic tapeworm larvae in the brain. Learn more about how this condition develops and how it's treated.

Inflammatory Myopathies or Immune System Diseases
What happens when your own immune system attacks your muscles? Learn about some immune diseases from inclusion body myositis to vasculitic myopathy.

How Blood Pressure is Managed after an Ischemic Stroke
Since high blood pressure is a risk factor for stroke, why do doctors keep it high when an ischemic stroke occurs, and how should it return to normal?

Treating ADHD in Adults
Medications and psychotherapies may be helpful for ADHD in grown-ups

The Three Types of Primary Progressive Aphasia
Primary progressive aphasia is when dementia causes loss of language, while initially sparing the rest of the brain.

Causes and Diagnosis of Benign Fasciculation Syndrome
Understand the basics of benign fasciculation syndrome, including what a fasciculation is, how this disorder is diagnosed, and treatment options.

What is Dystonia? Overview and Causes
Dystonia is when both agonist and antagonist muscles of a body part unintentionally contract, and it can be uncomfortable and painful. Learn more.

Neurological Side Effects of Chemotherapy
Chemotherapy is often the best way to treat cancer, but it is not without risks for significant side effects, including to the brain and nervous system.

Guillain-Barré Treatment and Recovery
Guillain-Barré can be a serious, life-threatening disease, but with appropriate treatment, most people not only survive but are able to recover fully.

Potential Causes of a Numb & Tingling Thumb
The fingers and thumb can tingle for a variety of reasons, but to understand those reasons it's important to understand the neuroanatomy of the hand.

Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathies
Learn the ways diabetes can impact the peripheral nervous system and more about peripheral neuropathy, autonomic neuropathy, and diabetic amyotrophy.

What is Dopamine Dysregulation Syndrome?
Read about dopamine dysregulation syndrome, a potential complication of Parkinson disease medications that can cause addictive behavior and more.

Signs and Symptoms of a Brain Tumor
With headache, many people worry that the cause could be a cancer in the brain. Read what symptoms and signs most suggest that you have a brain tumor.

Symptoms and Cause of Chronic Subjective Dizziness
Discover the symptoms, cause, and science behind a disorder called chronic subjective dizziness, which describes a persistent sense of imbalance.

Diagnosing Myasthenia Gravis
Myasthenia gravis responds well to treatment, but first a diagnosis must be reached. Here are some tests and techniques used to diagnose the disease.

Acute Confusional State, or Delirium, In Hospitals
Delirium is a common but alarming state of confusion in sick hospital patients. Fortunately, it is rarely long-lasting, and can often be managed well.

Can Computer Games Really Prevent Dementia?
There's a lot of computerized brain training programs being marketed to help improve cognitive performance, but are they worth your time and money?

Understanding MRI Results
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)is a tool frequently used by neurologists to take images of the brain and spinal cord. How can you best learn about how to interpret these images?

How EMG and NCSs Work
Electromyography (EMG) and nerve conduction studies (NCSs) are helpful tools neurologists use to investigate diseases of the peripheral nervous system and muscles. Learn more about how these tests are done here.

Uncommon Causes of Chronic Dizziness
Someone with chronic dizziness and no apparent cause may be diagnosed with chronic subjective dizziness once other causes have been ruled out.

Six Common Causes of Sudden Vertigo
Vertigo is a false sense of movement that can can be uncomfortable and even dangerous. Learn more about the most common causes of sudden vertigo here.

You Just Had Your First Seizure - Now What?
Should people who have had their first seizure take a medication?

When Back Pain Is Medically Serious
Back pain is one of the most common reasons why people come to see a doctor. The vast majority of the time, the problem will either resolve on its own or requires little treatment. Sometimes surgery is required, but even then back pain is rarely an emergency. Other times, though, back pain can signify very serious trouble that may go even beyond the back itself.

What is the Default Mode Network?
Read this brief introduction to functional connectivity and the default mode network. Learn about the DMN and what it does, here.

Diagnosing and Treating Nonconvulsive Status Epilepticus
Learn about a seizure that does not cause convulsive movements called nonconvulsive status epilepticus, including how its diagnosed and treated.

What Makes the Neuro-ICU Unique
Most people have an idea of what an intensive care unit is, but may be surprised to know that there are specialized ICUs for neurological problems. What does a neuro-ICU offer that regular ICUs don't?

Treatment of Chronic Subjective Dizziness
Chronic subjective dizziness is a common cause of disequilibrium. Treatments include vestibular therapy, medication, and cognitive-behavioral therapy.

Transient Global Amnesia - Causes and Symptoms
Transient global amnesia (TGA) is a frightening, but temporary, occurrence during which someone can't form new memories.

Treatment of Traumatic Brain Injuries
Treatment of traumatic brain injury is tailored to the individual, ranging from rest for mild injuries to neurosurgery for more serious ones.

Treatment of Berry Aneurysms
Cerebral aneurysms sometimes rupture, leading to dangerous bleeding. Sometimes invasive medical procedures can prevent this kind of bleeding.

Tests for Dysautonomia
Problems with the autonomic nervous system can lead to several complaints including dizziness, cold insensitivity, nausea and more.

Management of Elevated Intracranial Pressure
When pressure gets high around your brain, it's a neurological emergency. Read the ways doctors manage the pressure, both medically and surgically.

What to Know About a Lumbar Puncture and Does It Hurt?
Getting a lumbar puncture can be scary, and many people ask

Understanding Dizziness as a Side Effect of Medications
Dizziness is a common side effect associated with medications. Learn the unique causes behind dizziness, like disequilibrium or vertigo.

Introduction to Psychosomatic Illness
Psychosomatic disorders involve psychiatric problems such as depression or anxiety manifesting themselves as seemingly unrelated physical symptoms.

When Headaches Are Serious
How can you tell when headaches may be due to a dangerous medical problem?

How Scientists Study the Social Brain
How has neuroimaging improved our understanding of how our brains interact with others?

How Do You Know Whether You Are Having a Stroke?
Stroke is one of the most serious neurological conditions, and the sooner treatment is initiated, the better your chances for a positive outcome.

Low Sodium Levels: Hyponatremia Treatment in Neurology
Neurological disorders can cause low sodium levels in the blood, causing brain swelling, seizures, and even coma—So how do doctors treat Hyponatremia?

Should a Patent Foramen Ovale be Closed?
Many of us still have a hole between the two sides of our heart, a remnant of how blood flowed when we were in the womb. Some doctors believe this hole increases the risk of stroke. Are they right? What should be done about it?

Serious Infant Seizure Syndromes like Ohtahara Sydnrome
Read about five serious infant seizure syndromes that can cause developmental delay or even early death, and how you can cope if your child has one.

HIV-Associated Neurocognitive Disorders
While HIV infects the immune system, what most people don't realize is that the virus itself can cause health problems without the presence of infection.

Hashimoto's Encephalopathy
Hashimoto's encephalopathy is an uncommon and treatable disorder associated with inflammation of the thyroid gland (thyroiditis).

Pain in the Nervous System
Helping people with pain has always been a priority for doctors. For this reason, pain in the nervous system has been well-studied. We know quite a bit about both how pain signals travel in the body, and how our body normally tries to control those signals.

Neuromuscular Junction Disorders in Neonates and Infants
Myasthenia gravis and other disorders of the neuromuscular junction can impact babies as well as adults.

Cetacean Intelligence
How do we know that whales and dolphins are intelligent creatures?

Neural Tics and Involuntary Movements
Tics are abnormal movements or behaviors that are preceded by an irresistible urge. Despite their association with Tourette's syndrome, tics are very common in childhood, and do not usually signify something more serious.

- By Category
An index of categories in the

What Is the Blood-Brain Barrier?
What is the blood-brain barrier, and why does it matter?

Cerebral Palsy
Learn more about cerebral palsy: what causes it, how it's diagnosed, and how it's treated.

Neurology Facts and Statistics
Facts and Statistics about Neurology

Sensory Processing Disorders
Should sensory processing disorders be a standalone diagnosis? How should they be treated?

Transverse Myelitis
When the body's immune system attacks the spinal cord, it can cause both numbness and weakness.

Oliver Sacks
A eulogy for the poet laureate of neurology.

Huntington's Disease: Diagnosis and Treatment
Methods of relieving Huntington's disease symptoms.

Success for Endovascular Stroke Treatment Trials
When should someone with acute stroke have an intra-arterial procedure?

Pregnancy increases the risk of stroke in several ways.

Drugs and Muscle Disorders
Statins, steroids and more can have unintended side effects on muscle.

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorders in Adults
What are the signs of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in adults?

Specialty information
Learn more about the specialty of neurology.


Spinal Nerve Roots
One of the most common problems in neurology is when a spinal nerve root is compressed, leading to pain, numbness, and sometimes weakness. To understand the problem, we first need to understand the anatomy of the spine.

The Peripheral Nervous System
Understanding the peripheral nervous system is critical to understanding many causes of numbness, tingling, and weakness.